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Overview
Comment:Update the included core library documentation.
Downloads: Tarball | ZIP archive | SQL archive
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | trunk
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA1: ba3097cbdb1211d5ff87421762928d52739b71b3
User & Date: mistachkin 2015-04-08 18:30:45
Context
2015-04-08
21:36
Update Eagle script library in externals to the latest trunk code. check-in: 85b231175b user: mistachkin tags: trunk
18:30
Update the included core library documentation. check-in: ba3097cbdb user: mistachkin tags: trunk
18:29
Update SQLite core library to the 3.8.9 release. check-in: 40495eae0b user: mistachkin tags: trunk
Changes
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Changes to Doc/Extra/Core/lang.html.

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................................................................................
"rename table" and "add column" commands shown above.  However, applications
can make other arbitrary changes to the format of a table using a simple
sequence of operations.
The steps to make arbitrary changes to the schema design of some table X
are as follows:

<ol>
<li><p>







Remember the format of all indexes and triggers associated with table X.
This information will be needed in step 7 below.  One way to do this is
to run a query like the following:
SELECT type, sql FROM sqlite_master WHERE tbl_name='X'.

<li><p>
Use <a href="lang_createtable.html">CREATE TABLE</a> to construct a new table "new_X" that is in the desired
revised format of table X.  Make sure that the name "new_X" does not collide
with any existing table name, of course.

<li><p>
Transfer content from X into new_X using a statement
like: INSERT INTO new_X SELECT ... FROM X.

<li><p>
If foreign key constraints are enabled,
disable them using <a href="pragma.html#pragma_foreign_keys">PRAGMA foreign_keys=OFF</a>.

<li><p>
Drop the old table X:  <a href="lang_droptable.html">DROP TABLE X</a>.

<li><p>
Change the name of new_X to X using: ALTER TABLE new_X RENAME TO X.

<li><p>
Use <a href="lang_createindex.html">CREATE INDEX</a> and <a href="lang_createtrigger.html">CREATE TRIGGER</a> to reconstruct indexes and triggers
associated with table X.  Perhaps use the old format of the triggers and
indexes saved from step 1 above as a guide, making changes as appropriate
for the alteration.

<li><p>
If foreign key constraints were originally enabled (prior to
step 4) then run <a href="pragma.html#pragma_foreign_key_check">PRAGMA foreign_key_check</a> to verify that the schema
change did not break any foreign key constraints, and run
<a href="pragma.html#pragma_foreign_keys">PRAGMA foreign_keys=ON</a> to re-enable foreign key
constraints.

<li><p>If any views refer to table X in a way that is affected by the
schema change, then drop those views using <a href="lang_dropview.html">DROP VIEW</a> and recreate them
with whatever changes are necessary to accommodate the schema change
using <a href="lang_createview.html">CREATE VIEW</a>.












</ol>

<p>The procedure above is completely general and will work even if the
schema change causes the information stored in the table to change.
So the full procedure above is appropriate for dropping a column,
changing the order of columns, adding or removing a UNIQUE constraint
or PRIMARY KEY, adding CHECK or FOREIGN KEY or NOT NULL constraints,
................................................................................
some changes that do no affect the on-disk content in any way.
The following simpler procedure is appropriate for removing
CHECK or FOREIGN KEY or NOT NULL constraints,
renaming columns, or adding or removing or changing default values on
a column.

<ol>


<li><p> Run <a href="pragma.html#pragma_schema_version">PRAGMA schema_version</a> to determine the current schema
version number.  This number will be needed for step 5 below.

<li><p> Activate schema editing using 
<a href="pragma.html#pragma_writable_schema">PRAGMA writable_schema=ON</a>.

<li><p> Run an <a href="lang_update.html">UPDATE</a> statement to change the definition of table X
in the <a href="fileformat2.html#sqlite_master">sqlite_master table</a>: 
UPDATE sqlite_master SET sql=... WHERE type='table' AND name='X';
................................................................................
more than the old schema version number found in step 2 above.

<li><p> Disable schema editing using 
<a href="pragma.html#pragma_writable_schema">PRAGMA writable_schema=OFF</a>.

<li><p> (Optional) Run <a href="pragma.html#pragma_integrity_check">PRAGMA integrity_check</a> to verify that the
schema changes did not damage the database.
</ol>


<p>It is important that both of the above procedures be run from within
a transaction to prevent other processes from accessing the database file
while the schema change is only partially complete.  

<p>If some future version of SQLite adds new ALTER TABLE capabilities, 
those capabilities will very likely use one of the two procedures
outlined above.












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.fancy .todo:before  { content: 'TODO:' }
.fancy p.todo        { border: solid #AA3333 1px; padding: 1ex }
.fancy img { display:block; }
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.fancy li p { margin: 1em 0 }
/* End of "fancyformat" specific rules. */

</style>
  
</head>
<body>
................................................................................
"rename table" and "add column" commands shown above.  However, applications
can make other arbitrary changes to the format of a table using a simple
sequence of operations.
The steps to make arbitrary changes to the schema design of some table X
are as follows:

<ol>
<li><p>
If foreign key constraints are enabled,
disable them using <a href="pragma.html#pragma_foreign_keys">PRAGMA foreign_keys=OFF</a>.

<li><p>
Start a transaction.

<li><p>
Remember the format of all indexes and triggers associated with table X.
This information will be needed in step 8 below.  One way to do this is
to run a query like the following:
SELECT type, sql FROM sqlite_master WHERE tbl_name='X'.

<li><p>
Use <a href="lang_createtable.html">CREATE TABLE</a> to construct a new table "new_X" that is in the desired
revised format of table X.  Make sure that the name "new_X" does not collide
with any existing table name, of course.

<li><p>
Transfer content from X into new_X using a statement
like: INSERT INTO new_X SELECT ... FROM X.





<li><p>
Drop the old table X:  <a href="lang_droptable.html">DROP TABLE X</a>.

<li><p>
Change the name of new_X to X using: ALTER TABLE new_X RENAME TO X.

<li><p>
Use <a href="lang_createindex.html">CREATE INDEX</a> and <a href="lang_createtrigger.html">CREATE TRIGGER</a> to reconstruct indexes and triggers
associated with table X.  Perhaps use the old format of the triggers and
indexes saved from step 3 above as a guide, making changes as appropriate
for the alteration.








<li><p>If any views refer to table X in a way that is affected by the
schema change, then drop those views using <a href="lang_dropview.html">DROP VIEW</a> and recreate them
with whatever changes are necessary to accommodate the schema change
using <a href="lang_createview.html">CREATE VIEW</a>.

<li><p>
If foreign key constraints were originally enabled
then run <a href="pragma.html#pragma_foreign_key_check">PRAGMA foreign_key_check</a> to verify that the schema
change did not break any foreign key constraints.


<li><p>
Commit the transaction started in step 2.

<li><p>
If foreign keys constraints were originally enabled, reenable them now.
</ol>

<p>The procedure above is completely general and will work even if the
schema change causes the information stored in the table to change.
So the full procedure above is appropriate for dropping a column,
changing the order of columns, adding or removing a UNIQUE constraint
or PRIMARY KEY, adding CHECK or FOREIGN KEY or NOT NULL constraints,
................................................................................
some changes that do no affect the on-disk content in any way.
The following simpler procedure is appropriate for removing
CHECK or FOREIGN KEY or NOT NULL constraints,
renaming columns, or adding or removing or changing default values on
a column.

<ol>
<lI><p> Start a transaction.

<li><p> Run <a href="pragma.html#pragma_schema_version">PRAGMA schema_version</a> to determine the current schema
version number.  This number will be needed for step 6 below.

<li><p> Activate schema editing using 
<a href="pragma.html#pragma_writable_schema">PRAGMA writable_schema=ON</a>.

<li><p> Run an <a href="lang_update.html">UPDATE</a> statement to change the definition of table X
in the <a href="fileformat2.html#sqlite_master">sqlite_master table</a>: 
UPDATE sqlite_master SET sql=... WHERE type='table' AND name='X';
................................................................................
more than the old schema version number found in step 2 above.

<li><p> Disable schema editing using 
<a href="pragma.html#pragma_writable_schema">PRAGMA writable_schema=OFF</a>.

<li><p> (Optional) Run <a href="pragma.html#pragma_integrity_check">PRAGMA integrity_check</a> to verify that the
schema changes did not damage the database.


<li><p> Commit the transaction started on step 1 above.
</ol>



<p>If some future version of SQLite adds new ALTER TABLE capabilities, 
those capabilities will very likely use one of the two procedures
outlined above.





Changes to Doc/Extra/Core/lang_analyze.html.

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<body>
................................................................................
the <a href="c3ref/create_function.html">sqlite3_create_function()</a> API.</p>

<table border=0 cellpadding=10>
<tr><td valign="top" align="right" width="120"><a name="abs"></a>
abs(<i>X</i>)</td><td valign="top">
  The abs(X) function returns the absolute value of the numeric
  argument X.  Abs(X) returns NULL if X is NULL. 
  Abs(X) return 0.0 if X is a string or blob
  that cannot be converted to a numeric value.  If X is the 
  integer -9223372036854775808 then abs(X) throws an integer overflow
  error since there is no equivalent positive 64-bit two complement value.
</td></tr><tr><td valign="top" align="right" width="120"><a name="changes"></a>
changes()</td><td valign="top">
  The changes() function returns the number of database rows that were changed
  or inserted or deleted by the most recently completed INSERT, DELETE,







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................................................................................
the <a href="c3ref/create_function.html">sqlite3_create_function()</a> API.</p>

<table border=0 cellpadding=10>
<tr><td valign="top" align="right" width="120"><a name="abs"></a>
abs(<i>X</i>)</td><td valign="top">
  The abs(X) function returns the absolute value of the numeric
  argument X.  Abs(X) returns NULL if X is NULL. 
  Abs(X) returns 0.0 if X is a string or blob
  that cannot be converted to a numeric value.  If X is the 
  integer -9223372036854775808 then abs(X) throws an integer overflow
  error since there is no equivalent positive 64-bit two complement value.
</td></tr><tr><td valign="top" align="right" width="120"><a name="changes"></a>
changes()</td><td valign="top">
  The changes() function returns the number of database rows that were changed
  or inserted or deleted by the most recently completed INSERT, DELETE,

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<body>
................................................................................
  The ORDER BY and LIMIT clauses on <a href="lang_update.html">UPDATE</a> and <a href="lang_delete.html">DELETE</a> statements are not
  supported.  ORDER BY and LIMIT are not normally supported for <a href="lang_update.html">UPDATE</a> or
  <a href="lang_delete.html">DELETE</a> in any context but can be enabled for top-level statements
  using the <a href="compile.html#enable_update_delete_limit">SQLITE_ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT</a> compile-time option.  However,
  that compile-time option only applies to top-level <a href="lang_update.html">UPDATE</a> and <a href="lang_delete.html">DELETE</a>
  statements, not <a href="lang_update.html">UPDATE</a> and <a href="lang_delete.html">DELETE</a> statements within triggers.
  </p></li>





</ul>

<a name="instead_of_trigger"></a>

<h3>INSTEAD OF triggers</h3>

<p>Triggers may be created on <a href="lang_createview.html">views</a>, as well as ordinary tables, by







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<body>
................................................................................
  The ORDER BY and LIMIT clauses on <a href="lang_update.html">UPDATE</a> and <a href="lang_delete.html">DELETE</a> statements are not
  supported.  ORDER BY and LIMIT are not normally supported for <a href="lang_update.html">UPDATE</a> or
  <a href="lang_delete.html">DELETE</a> in any context but can be enabled for top-level statements
  using the <a href="compile.html#enable_update_delete_limit">SQLITE_ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT</a> compile-time option.  However,
  that compile-time option only applies to top-level <a href="lang_update.html">UPDATE</a> and <a href="lang_delete.html">DELETE</a>
  statements, not <a href="lang_update.html">UPDATE</a> and <a href="lang_delete.html">DELETE</a> statements within triggers.
  </p></li>

<li><p>
  <a href="syntax/common-table-expression.html">Common table expression</a> are not supported for
  statements inside of triggers.
  </p></li>
</ul>

<a name="instead_of_trigger"></a>

<h3>INSTEAD OF triggers</h3>

<p>Triggers may be created on <a href="lang_createview.html">views</a>, as well as ordinary tables, by

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................................................................................
<a href="lang_select.html">SELECT</a> statement. 
Once the view is created, it can be used in the FROM clause
of another <a href="lang_select.html">SELECT</a> in place of a table name.
</p>

<p>If the "TEMP" or "TEMPORARY" keyword occurs in between "CREATE"
and "VIEW" then the view that is created is only visible to the
process that opened the database and is automatically deleted when
the database is closed.</p>

<p> If a &lt;database-name&gt; is specified, then the view is created in 
the named database. It is an error to specify both a &lt;database-name&gt;
and the TEMP keyword on a VIEW, unless the &lt;database-name&gt; is "temp".
If no database name is specified, and the TEMP keyword is not present,
the VIEW is created in the main database.</p>








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................................................................................
<a href="lang_select.html">SELECT</a> statement. 
Once the view is created, it can be used in the FROM clause
of another <a href="lang_select.html">SELECT</a> in place of a table name.
</p>

<p>If the "TEMP" or "TEMPORARY" keyword occurs in between "CREATE"
and "VIEW" then the view that is created is only visible to the
<a href="c3ref/sqlite3.html">database connection</a> that created it and is automatically deleted when
the database connection is closed.</p>

<p> If a &lt;database-name&gt; is specified, then the view is created in 
the named database. It is an error to specify both a &lt;database-name&gt;
and the TEMP keyword on a VIEW, unless the &lt;database-name&gt; is "temp".
If no database name is specified, and the TEMP keyword is not present,
the VIEW is created in the main database.</p>

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................................................................................
<li> localtime
<li> utc 
</ol>

<p>The first six modifiers (1 through 6) 
simply add the specified amount of time to the date and time 
specified by the preceding timestring and modifiers.

Note that "&plusmn;NNN months" works by rendering the original date into
the YYYY-MM-DD format, adding the &plusmn;NNN to the MM month value, then
normalizing the result.  Thus, for example, the data 2001-03-31 modified
by '+1 month' initially yields 2001-04-31, but April only has 30 days
so the date is normalized to 2001-05-01.  A similar effect occurs when
the original date is February 29 of a leapyear and the modifier is
&plusmn;N years where N is not a multiple of four.</p>
................................................................................
of seconds since 1970 or if other modifiers
separate the "unixepoch" modifier from prior DDDDDDDDDD then the
behavior is undefined.
Due to precision limitations imposed by the implementations use
of 64-bit integers, the "unixepoch" modifier only works for
dates between 0000-01-01 00:00:00 and 5352-11-01 10:52:47 (unix times
of -62167219200 through 10675199167).</p>



<p>The "localtime" modifier (12) assumes the time string to its left is in
Universal Coordinated Time (UTC) and adjusts the time
string so that it displays localtime.  If "localtime"
follows a time that is not UTC, then the behavior is undefined.
The "utc" is the opposite of "localtime".  "utc" assumes that the string
to its left is in the local timezone and adjusts that string to be in UTC.







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................................................................................
<li> localtime
<li> utc 
</ol>

<p>The first six modifiers (1 through 6) 
simply add the specified amount of time to the date and time 
specified by the preceding timestring and modifiers.
The 's' character at the end of the modifier names is optional.
Note that "&plusmn;NNN months" works by rendering the original date into
the YYYY-MM-DD format, adding the &plusmn;NNN to the MM month value, then
normalizing the result.  Thus, for example, the data 2001-03-31 modified
by '+1 month' initially yields 2001-04-31, but April only has 30 days
so the date is normalized to 2001-05-01.  A similar effect occurs when
the original date is February 29 of a leapyear and the modifier is
&plusmn;N years where N is not a multiple of four.</p>
................................................................................
of seconds since 1970 or if other modifiers
separate the "unixepoch" modifier from prior DDDDDDDDDD then the
behavior is undefined.
Due to precision limitations imposed by the implementations use
of 64-bit integers, the "unixepoch" modifier only works for
dates between 0000-01-01 00:00:00 and 5352-11-01 10:52:47 (unix times
of -62167219200 through 10675199167).</p>

<a name="localtime"></a>

<p>The "localtime" modifier (12) assumes the time string to its left is in
Universal Coordinated Time (UTC) and adjusts the time
string so that it displays localtime.  If "localtime"
follows a time that is not UTC, then the behavior is undefined.
The "utc" is the opposite of "localtime".  "utc" assumes that the string
to its left is in the local timezone and adjusts that string to be in UTC.

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................................................................................
  </table>

<div class=startsearch></div>
  
<h1 align="center">SQL As Understood By SQLite</h1><p><a href="lang.html">[Top]</a></p><h2>INDEXED BY</h2>
<p>The INDEXED BY phrase forces the <a href="optoverview.html">SQLite query planner</a> to use a
particular named index on a <a href="lang_delete.html">DELETE</a>, <a href="lang_select.html">SELECT</a>, or <a href="lang_update.html">UPDATE</a> statement.
The INDEXED BY phrase is an extension that is particular to SQLite and
is not portable to other SQL database engines.
The INDEXED BY phrase can be seen in the following syntax
diagrams:</p>

<p><b><a href="syntax/qualified-table-name.html">qualified-table-name:</a></b>
<button id='x1433' onclick='hideorshow("x1433","x1434")'>hide</button></p>
 <blockquote id='x1434'>
 <img alt="syntax diagram qualified-table-name" src="images/syntax/qualified-table-name.gif" />
</blockquote>

................................................................................

<p>The "INDEXED BY index-name" phrase specifies that the named index
must be used in order to look up values on the preceding table.
If index-name does not exist or cannot be used for the query, then
the preparation of the SQL statement fails.
The "NOT INDEXED" clause specifies that no index shall be used when
accessing the preceding table, including implied indices create by
UNIQUE and PRIMARY KEY constraints.  However, the INTEGER PRIMARY KEY
can still be used to look up entries even when "NOT INDEXED" is specified.</p>

<p>Some SQL database engines provide non-standard "hint" mechanisms which
can be used to give the query optimizer clues about what indices it should
use for a particular statement.  The INDEX BY clause of SQLite is 
<em>not</em> a hinting mechanism and it should not be used as such.
The INDEXED BY clause does not give the optimizer hints about which index







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  </table>

<div class=startsearch></div>
  
<h1 align="center">SQL As Understood By SQLite</h1><p><a href="lang.html">[Top]</a></p><h2>INDEXED BY</h2>
<p>The INDEXED BY phrase forces the <a href="optoverview.html">SQLite query planner</a> to use a
particular named index on a <a href="lang_delete.html">DELETE</a>, <a href="lang_select.html">SELECT</a>, or <a href="lang_update.html">UPDATE</a> statement.
The INDEXED BY phrase is an SQLite extension and
is not portable to other SQL database engines.</p>



<p><b><a href="syntax/qualified-table-name.html">qualified-table-name:</a></b>
<button id='x1433' onclick='hideorshow("x1433","x1434")'>hide</button></p>
 <blockquote id='x1434'>
 <img alt="syntax diagram qualified-table-name" src="images/syntax/qualified-table-name.gif" />
</blockquote>

................................................................................

<p>The "INDEXED BY index-name" phrase specifies that the named index
must be used in order to look up values on the preceding table.
If index-name does not exist or cannot be used for the query, then
the preparation of the SQL statement fails.
The "NOT INDEXED" clause specifies that no index shall be used when
accessing the preceding table, including implied indices create by
UNIQUE and PRIMARY KEY constraints.  However, the <a href="lang_createtable.html#rowid">rowid</a>
can still be used to look up entries even when "NOT INDEXED" is specified.</p>

<p>Some SQL database engines provide non-standard "hint" mechanisms which
can be used to give the query optimizer clues about what indices it should
use for a particular statement.  The INDEX BY clause of SQLite is 
<em>not</em> a hinting mechanism and it should not be used as such.
The INDEXED BY clause does not give the optimizer hints about which index

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................................................................................
The INSERT ... DEFAULT VALUES statement inserts a single new row into the
named table. Each column of the new row is populated with its default value,
or with a NULL if no default value is specified as part of the column
definition in the CREATE TABLE statement.

</ul>

<p>The optional conflict-clause allows the specification of an alternative
constraint conflict resolution algorithm to use during this one INSERT command.
See the section titled
<a href="lang_conflict.html">ON CONFLICT</a> for additional information.
For compatibility with MySQL, the parser allows the use of the
single keyword <a href="lang_replace.html">REPLACE</a> as an 
alias for "INSERT OR REPLACE".

<p>The optional "<i>database-name</i><b>.</b>" prefix on the <i>table-name</i>
is support for top-level INSERT statements only.  The table name must be
unqualified for INSERT statements that occur within <a href="lang_createtrigger.html">CREATE TRIGGER</a> statements.
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triggers.
<p>









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................................................................................
The INSERT ... DEFAULT VALUES statement inserts a single new row into the
named table. Each column of the new row is populated with its default value,
or with a NULL if no default value is specified as part of the column
definition in the CREATE TABLE statement.

</ul>

<p>The "REPLACE" and "INSERT OR <i>action</i>" forms specify an alternative
constraint conflict resolution algorithm to use during this one INSERT command.

See the section titled <a href="lang_conflict.html">ON CONFLICT</a> for additional information.
For compatibility with MySQL, the parser allows the use of the
single keyword <a href="lang_replace.html">REPLACE</a> as an 
alias for "INSERT OR REPLACE".

<p>The optional "<i>database-name</i><b>.</b>" prefix on the <i>table-name</i>
is support for top-level INSERT statements only.  The table name must be
unqualified for INSERT statements that occur within <a href="lang_createtrigger.html">CREATE TRIGGER</a> statements.
Similarly, the "DEFAULT VALUES" form of the INSERT statement is supported for
top-level INSERT statements only and not for INSERT statements within
triggers.
<p>


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<body>
................................................................................

<h3>The VALUES clause</h3>

<p>The phrase "VALUES(<i>expr-list</i>)" means the same thing
as "SELECT <i>expr-list</i>".  The phrase
"VALUES(<i>expr-list-1</i>),...,(<i>expr-list-N</i>)" means the same
thing as "SELECT <i>expr-list-1</i> UNION ALL ... UNION ALL
SELECT <i>expr-list-N</i>".  There is no advantage to using one form
over the other.  Both forms yield the same result and both forms use
the same amount of memory and processing time.


<p>There are some restrictions on the use of a VALUES clause that are
not shown on the syntax diagrams:

<ul>
<li><p>
A VALUES clause cannot be followed by <a href="lang_select.html#orderby">ORDER BY</a> or <a href="lang_select.html#limitoffset">LIMIT</a>.

<li><p>
A VALUES clause cannot be used together with a <a href="lang_with.html">WITH</a> clause in a
<a href="lang_select.html#simpleselect">simple SELECT</a>.
</ul>


<h3>The WITH Clause</h3>

<p>SELECT statements may be optionally preceded by a single
<a href="lang_with.html">WITH clause</a> that defines one or more <a href="lang_with.html">common table expressions</a>
for use within the SELECT statement.










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<body>
................................................................................

<h3>The VALUES clause</h3>

<p>The phrase "VALUES(<i>expr-list</i>)" means the same thing
as "SELECT <i>expr-list</i>".  The phrase
"VALUES(<i>expr-list-1</i>),...,(<i>expr-list-N</i>)" means the same
thing as "SELECT <i>expr-list-1</i> UNION ALL ... UNION ALL
SELECT <i>expr-list-N</i>".  Both forms are the same, except that
the number of SELECT statements in a compound is limited by
<a href="c3ref/c_limit_attached.html#sqlitelimitcompoundselect">SQLITE_LIMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT</a> whereas the number of rows in a
VALUES clause has no arbitrary limit.

<p>There are some restrictions on the use of a VALUES clause that are
not shown on the syntax diagrams:

<ul>
<li><p>
A VALUES clause cannot be followed by <a href="lang_select.html#orderby">ORDER BY</a>.

<li><p>

A VALUES clause cannot be followed by <a href="lang_select.html#limitoffset">LIMIT</a>.
</ul>


<h3>The WITH Clause</h3>

<p>SELECT statements may be optionally preceded by a single
<a href="lang_with.html">WITH clause</a> that defines one or more <a href="lang_with.html">common table expressions</a>
for use within the SELECT statement.



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................................................................................
if an another thread or process has a <a href="lockingv3.html#shared_lock">shared lock</a> on the database
that prevented the database from being updated.  When COMMIT fails in this
way, the transaction remains active and the COMMIT can be retried later
after the reader has had a chance to clear.
</p>

<p>

In older versions of SQLite the ROLLBACK will fail with an error code 
<a href="rescode.html#busy">SQLITE_BUSY</a> if there are any pending queries.  In more recent
versions of SQLite (since version 3.7.11 circa 2012-03-20) the ROLLBACK
will proceed and pending statements will be aborted with an

<a href="rescode.html#abort">SQLITE_ABORT</a> or <a href="rescode.html#abort_rollback">SQLITE_ABORT_ROLLBACK</a> error.



</p>

<p>
If <a href="pragma.html#pragma_journal_mode">PRAGMA journal_mode</a> is set to OFF (thus disabling the rollback journal
file) then the behavior of the ROLLBACK command is undefined.
</p>

................................................................................
errors that can cause an automatic rollback include:</p>

<ul>
<li> <a href="rescode.html#full">SQLITE_FULL</a>: database or disk full
<li> <a href="rescode.html#ioerr">SQLITE_IOERR</a>: disk I/O error
<li> <a href="rescode.html#busy">SQLITE_BUSY</a>: database in use by another process
<li> <a href="rescode.html#nomem">SQLITE_NOMEM</a>: out or memory
<li> <a href="rescode.html#interrupt">SQLITE_INTERRUPT</a>: processing <a href="c3ref/interrupt.html">interrupted</a>
     by application request
</ul>

<p>
For all of these errors, SQLite attempts to undo just the one statement
it was working on and leave changes from prior statements within the
same transaction intact and continue with the transaction.  However, 
depending on the statement being evaluated and the point at which the







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.fancy .todo:before  { content: 'TODO:' }
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.fancy img { display:block; }
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.fancy li p { margin: 1em 0 }
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<body>
................................................................................
if an another thread or process has a <a href="lockingv3.html#shared_lock">shared lock</a> on the database
that prevented the database from being updated.  When COMMIT fails in this
way, the transaction remains active and the COMMIT can be retried later
after the reader has had a chance to clear.
</p>

<p>
In very old versions of SQLite (before version 3.7.11 circa 2012-03-20)
the ROLLBACK will fail with an error code 
<a href="rescode.html#busy">SQLITE_BUSY</a> if there are any pending queries.  In more recent

versions of SQLite, the ROLLBACK will proceed and pending statements
will often be aborted, causing them to return an <a href="rescode.html#abort">SQLITE_ABORT</a> or
<a href="rescode.html#abort_rollback">SQLITE_ABORT_ROLLBACK</a> error.
In SQLite version 3.8.8 and later, a pending read will continue functioning
after the ROLLBACK as long as the ROLLBACK does not modify the database
schema.
</p>

<p>
If <a href="pragma.html#pragma_journal_mode">PRAGMA journal_mode</a> is set to OFF (thus disabling the rollback journal
file) then the behavior of the ROLLBACK command is undefined.
</p>

................................................................................
errors that can cause an automatic rollback include:</p>

<ul>
<li> <a href="rescode.html#full">SQLITE_FULL</a>: database or disk full
<li> <a href="rescode.html#ioerr">SQLITE_IOERR</a>: disk I/O error
<li> <a href="rescode.html#busy">SQLITE_BUSY</a>: database in use by another process
<li> <a href="rescode.html#nomem">SQLITE_NOMEM</a>: out or memory


</ul>

<p>
For all of these errors, SQLite attempts to undo just the one statement
it was working on and leave changes from prior statements within the
same transaction intact and continue with the transaction.  However, 
depending on the statement being evaluated and the point at which the

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.fancy img { display:block; }
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.fancy li p { margin: 1em 0 }
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.fancy .todo:before  { content: 'TODO:' }
.fancy p.todo        { border: solid #AA3333 1px; padding: 1ex }
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</head>
<body>
................................................................................
<h4>Outlandish Recursive Query Examples</h4>

<p>The following query computes an approximation of the Mandelbrot Set
and outputs the result as ASCII-art:

<blockquote><pre>
WITH RECURSIVE
  xaxis(x) AS (VALUES(-2.0) UNION ALL SELECT x+0.05 FROM xaxis WHERE x<1.2),
  yaxis(y) AS (VALUES(-1.0) UNION ALL SELECT y+0.1 FROM yaxis WHERE y<1.0),
  m(iter, cx, cy, x, y) AS (
    SELECT 0, x, y, 0.0, 0.0 FROM xaxis, yaxis
    UNION ALL
    SELECT iter+1, cx, cy, x*x-y*y + cx, 2.0*x*y + cy FROM m 
     WHERE (x*x + y*y) < 4.0 AND iter<28
  ),
  m2(iter, cx, cy) AS (
    SELECT max(iter), cx, cy FROM m GROUP BY cx, cy
  ),
  a(t) AS (
    SELECT group_concat( substr(' .+*#', 1+min(iter/7,4), 1), '') 
    FROM m2 GROUP BY cy
................................................................................
WITH RECURSIVE
  input(sud) AS (
    VALUES('53..7....6..195....98....6.8...6...34..8.3..17...2...6.6....28....419..5....8..79')
  ),
  digits(z, lp) AS (
    VALUES('1', 1)
    UNION ALL SELECT
    CAST(lp+1 AS TEXT), lp+1 FROM digits WHERE lp<9
  ),
  x(s, ind) AS (
    SELECT sud, instr(sud, '.') FROM input
    UNION ALL
    SELECT
      substr(s, 1, ind-1) || z || substr(s, ind+1),
      instr( substr(s, 1, ind-1) || z || substr(s, ind+1), '.' )







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.fancy #toc a        { color: darkblue ; text-decoration: none }
.fancy .todo         { color: #AA3333 ; font-style : italic }
.fancy .todo:before  { content: 'TODO:' }
.fancy p.todo        { border: solid #AA3333 1px; padding: 1ex }
.fancy img { display:block; }
.fancy :link:hover, .fancy :visited:hover { background: wheat }
.fancy p,.fancy ul,.fancy ol,.fancy dl { margin: 1em 5ex }
.fancy li p { margin: 1em 0 }
/* End of "fancyformat" specific rules. */

</style>
  
</head>
<body>
................................................................................
<h4>Outlandish Recursive Query Examples</h4>

<p>The following query computes an approximation of the Mandelbrot Set
and outputs the result as ASCII-art:

<blockquote><pre>
WITH RECURSIVE
  xaxis(x) AS (VALUES(-2.0) UNION ALL SELECT x+0.05 FROM xaxis WHERE x&lt;1.2),
  yaxis(y) AS (VALUES(-1.0) UNION ALL SELECT y+0.1 FROM yaxis WHERE y&lt;1.0),
  m(iter, cx, cy, x, y) AS (
    SELECT 0, x, y, 0.0, 0.0 FROM xaxis, yaxis
    UNION ALL
    SELECT iter+1, cx, cy, x*x-y*y + cx, 2.0*x*y + cy FROM m 
     WHERE (x*x + y*y) &lt; 4.0 AND iter&lt;28
  ),
  m2(iter, cx, cy) AS (
    SELECT max(iter), cx, cy FROM m GROUP BY cx, cy
  ),
  a(t) AS (
    SELECT group_concat( substr(' .+*#', 1+min(iter/7,4), 1), '') 
    FROM m2 GROUP BY cy
................................................................................
WITH RECURSIVE
  input(sud) AS (
    VALUES('53..7....6..195....98....6.8...6...34..8.3..17...2...6.6....28....419..5....8..79')
  ),
  digits(z, lp) AS (
    VALUES('1', 1)
    UNION ALL SELECT
    CAST(lp+1 AS TEXT), lp+1 FROM digits WHERE lp&lt;9
  ),
  x(s, ind) AS (
    SELECT sud, instr(sud, '.') FROM input
    UNION ALL
    SELECT
      substr(s, 1, ind-1) || z || substr(s, ind+1),
      instr( substr(s, 1, ind-1) || z || substr(s, ind+1), '.' )

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................................................................................
When querying the value of a setting, many pragmas return the number
rather than the keyword.</p>

<p>A pragma may have an optional database name before the pragma name.
The database name is the name of an <a href="lang_attach.html">ATTACH</a>-ed database or it can be
"main" or "temp" for the main and the TEMP databases.  If the optional
database name is omitted, "main" is assumed.  In some pragmas, the database
name is meaningless and is simply ignored.</p>






<hr /><a name="toc"></a>
<h2>List Of PRAGMAs</h2>

<table border=0 width="100%" cellpadding=10>
................................................................................
<li><a href="#pragma_cache_spill">cache_spill</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_case_sensitive_like">case_sensitive_like</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_checkpoint_fullfsync">checkpoint_fullfsync</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_collation_list">collation_list</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_compile_options">compile_options</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_count_changes"><s>count_changes</s></a>&sup1;
<li><a href="#pragma_data_store_directory"><s>data_store_directory</s></a>&sup1;

<li><a href="#pragma_database_list">database_list</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_default_cache_size"><s>default_cache_size</s></a>&sup1;
<li><a href="#pragma_defer_foreign_keys">defer_foreign_keys</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_empty_result_callbacks"><s>empty_result_callbacks</s></a>&sup1;
<li><a href="#pragma_encoding">encoding</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_foreign_key_check">foreign_key_check</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_foreign_key_list">foreign_key_list</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_foreign_keys">foreign_keys</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_freelist_count">freelist_count</a>
</ul></td><td valign="top" align="left"><ul>

<li><a href="#pragma_full_column_names"><s>full_column_names</s></a>&sup1;
<li><a href="#pragma_fullfsync">fullfsync</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_ignore_check_constraints">ignore_check_constraints</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_incremental_vacuum">incremental_vacuum</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_index_info">index_info</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_index_list">index_list</a>

<li><a href="#pragma_integrity_check">integrity_check</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_journal_mode">journal_mode</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_journal_size_limit">journal_size_limit</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_legacy_file_format">legacy_file_format</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_locking_mode">locking_mode</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_max_page_count">max_page_count</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_mmap_size">mmap_size</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_page_count">page_count</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_page_size">page_size</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_parser_trace"><i>parser_trace</i></a>&sup2;
<li><a href="#pragma_query_only">query_only</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_quick_check">quick_check</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_read_uncommitted">read_uncommitted</a>

<li><a href="#pragma_recursive_triggers">recursive_triggers</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_reverse_unordered_selects">reverse_unordered_selects</a>
</ul></td><td valign="top" align="left"><ul>
<li><a href="#pragma_schema_version">schema_version</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_secure_delete">secure_delete</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_short_column_names"><s>short_column_names</s></a>&sup1;
<li><a href="#pragma_shrink_memory">shrink_memory</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_soft_heap_limit">soft_heap_limit</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_stats"><i>stats</i></a>&sup3;
<li><a href="#pragma_synchronous">synchronous</a>
................................................................................
from existing applications at your earliest opportunity.</blockquote>
<li>These pragmas are used for debugging SQLite and
are only available when SQLite is compiled using <a href="compile.html#debug">SQLITE_DEBUG</a>.
<li>These pragmas are used for testing SQLite and are not recommended
for use in application programs.</ol></p>
<a name="pragma_application_id"></a>
<hr>
    <p><b>PRAGMA application_id;
       <br>PRAGMA application_id = </b><i>integer </i><b>;</b>
  
<p>    The application_id PRAGMA is used to query or set the 32-bit
       unsigned big-endian "Application ID" integer located at offset
       68 into the <a href="fileformat2.html#database_header">database header</a>.  Applications that use SQLite as their
       <a href="appfileformat.html">application file-format</a> should set the Application ID integer to
       a unique integer so that utilities such as 
       <a href="http://www.darwinsys.com/file/">file(1)</a> can determine the specific
       file type rather than just reporting "SQLite3 Database".  A list of
       assigned application IDs can be seen by consulting the
       <a href="http://www.sqlite.org/src/artifact?ci=trunk&filename=magic.txt">magic.txt</a> file in the SQLite source repository.
<a name="pragma_auto_vacuum"></a>
<hr>
    <p><b>PRAGMA auto_vacuum;<br>
          PRAGMA auto_vacuum = </b>
           <i>0 | NONE | 1 | FULL | 2 | INCREMENTAL</i><b>;</b></p>

    <p>Query or set the auto-vacuum status in the database.</p>

    <p>The default setting for auto-vacuum is 0 or "none",
    unless the <a href="compile.html#default_autovacuum">SQLITE_DEFAULT_AUTOVACUUM</a> compile-time option is used.
    The "none" setting means that auto-vacuum is disabled.
................................................................................
    bindings that do not provide direct access to <a href="c3ref/busy_timeout.html">sqlite3_busy_timeout()</a>.

    <p>Each database connection can only have a single
    <a href="c3ref/busy_handler.html">busy handler</a>.  This PRAGMA sets the busy handler
    for the process, possibly overwriting any previously set busy handler.
<a name="pragma_cache_size"></a>
<hr>
    <p><b>PRAGMA cache_size;
       <br>PRAGMA cache_size = </b><i>pages</i><b>;
       <br>PRAGMA cache_size = -</b><i>kibibytes</i><b>;</b></p>
    <p>Query or change the suggested maximum number of database disk pages
    that SQLite will hold in memory at once per open database file.  Whether
    or not this suggestion is honored is at the discretion of the
    <a href="c3ref/pcache_methods2.html">Application Defined Page Cache</a>.
    The default page cache that is built into SQLite honors the request,
    however alternative application-defined page cache implementations
    may choose to interpret the suggested cache size in different ways
    or to ignore it all together.
    The default suggested cache size is 2000 pages.</p>




    <p>If the argument N is positive then the suggested cache size is set 
    to N. If the argument N is negative, then the
    number of cache pages is adjusted to use approximately N*1024 bytes
    of memory.
    <i>Backwards compatibility note:</i>
    The behavior of cache_size with a negative N
    was different in SQLite versions prior to 3.7.10.  In
    version 3.7.9 and earlier, the number of pages in the cache was set
    to the absolute value of N.</p>

................................................................................
    use of this pragma at the earliest opportunity.  This pragma may be omitted
    from the build when SQLite is compiled using <a href="compile.html#omit_deprecated">SQLITE_OMIT_DEPRECATED</a>.
    </p>
  
<a name="pragma_data_store_directory"></a>
<hr>
    <p><b>PRAGMA data_store_directory;
       <br>PRAGMA data_store_directory = '</b><i>directory-name</i><b>';</b></p>
    <p>Query or change the value of the <a href="c3ref/data_directory.html">sqlite3_data_directory</a> global
    variable, which windows operating-system interface backends use to
    determine where to store database files specified using a relative
    pathname.</p>

    <p>Changing the data_store_directory setting is <u>not</u> threadsafe.
    Never change the data_store_directory setting if another thread
................................................................................
    <b>This pragma is deprecated</b> and exists
    for backwards compatibility only.  New applications
    should avoid using this pragma.  Older applications should discontinue
    use of this pragma at the earliest opportunity.  This pragma may be omitted
    from the build when SQLite is compiled using <a href="compile.html#omit_deprecated">SQLITE_OMIT_DEPRECATED</a>.
    </p>
  



























<a name="pragma_database_list"></a>
<hr>
    <p><b>PRAGMA database_list;</b></p>
    <p>This pragma works like a query to return one row for each database
    attached to the current database connection.
    The second column is the "main" for the main database file, "temp"
    for the database file used to store TEMP objects, or the name of the
    ATTACHed database for other database files.
    The third column is the name of the database file itself, or an empty
    string if the database is not associated with a file.</p>
<a name="pragma_default_cache_size"></a>
<hr>
    <b>PRAGMA default_cache_size;

       <br>PRAGMA default_cache_size = </b><i>Number-of-pages</i><b>;</b></p>

    <p>This pragma queries or sets the suggested maximum number of pages
    of disk cache that will be allocated per open database file.
    The difference between this pragma and <a href="pragma.html#pragma_cache_size">cache_size</a> is that the
    value set here persists across database connections.
    The value of the default cache size is stored in the 4-byte
    big-endian integer located at offset 48 in the header of the
................................................................................
    <p>Once an encoding has been set for a database, it cannot be changed.</p>

    <p>Databases created by the <a href="lang_attach.html">ATTACH</a> command always use the same encoding
    as the main database.  An attempt to <a href="lang_attach.html">ATTACH</a> a database with a different
    text encoding from the "main" database will fail.</p>
<a name="pragma_foreign_key_check"></a>
<hr>
    <p><b>PRAGMA foreign_key_check;
        <br>PRAGMA foreign_key_check(</b><i>table-name</i><b>);</b></b></p>

    <p>The foreign_key_check pragma checks the database, or the table
    called "<i>table-name</i>", for 
    <a href="foreignkeys.html">foreign key constraints</a> that are violated and returns one row of
    output for each violation.  There are four columns in each result row.
    The first column is the name of the table that contains the REFERENCES
    clause.  The second column is the <a href="lang_createtable.html#rowid">rowid</a> of the row that
................................................................................
       release of SQLite.  The default setting for foreign key enforcement
       can be specified at compile-time using the <a href="compile.html#default_foreign_keys">SQLITE_DEFAULT_FOREIGN_KEYS</a>
       preprocessor macro.  To minimize future problems, applications should
       set the foreign key enforcement flag as required by the application
       and not depend on the default setting.
<a name="pragma_freelist_count"></a>
<hr>
    <p><b>PRAGMA freelist_count;</b></p>
    <p>Return the number of unused pages in the database file.</p>
<a name="pragma_full_column_names"></a>
<hr>
    <p><b>PRAGMA full_column_names;
       <br>PRAGMA full_column_names = </b><i>boolean</i><b>;</b></p>

    <p>Query or change the full_column_names flag. This flag together 
................................................................................
    <p><b>PRAGMA ignore_check_constraints  = </b><i>boolean</i><b>;</b></p>

    <p>This pragma enables or disables the enforcement of CHECK constraints.
    The default setting is off, meaning that CHECK constraints are
    enforced by default.</p>
<a name="pragma_incremental_vacuum"></a>
<hr>
    <p><b>PRAGMA incremental_vacuum</b><i>(N)</i><b>;</b></p>
    <p>The incremental_vacuum pragma causes up to <i>N</i> pages to
    be removed from the <a href="fileformat2.html#freelist">freelist</a>.  The database file is truncated by
    the same amount.  The incremental_vacuum pragma has no effect if
    the database is not in
    <a href="#pragma_auto_vacuum">auto_vacuum=incremental</a> mode
    or if there are no pages on the freelist.  If there are fewer than
    <i>N</i> pages on the freelist, or if <i>N</i> is less than 1, or
    if <i>N</i> is omitted entirely, then the entire freelist is cleared.</p>
<a name="pragma_index_info"></a>
<hr>
    <p><b>PRAGMA index_info(</b><i>index-name</i><b>);</b></p>
    <p>This pragma returns one row each column in the named index.









    The first column of the result is the rank of the column within the index.
    The second column of the result is the rank of the column within the
    table. The third column of output is the name of the column being indexed.
    </p>
<a name="pragma_index_list"></a>
<hr>
    <p><b>PRAGMA index_list(</b><i>table-name</i><b>);</b></p>
    <p>This pragma returns one row for each index associated with the
    given table.
    Columns of the result set include the
    index name and a flag to indicate whether or not the index is UNIQUE.











    </p>


























<a name="pragma_integrity_check"></a>
<hr>
    <p><b>PRAGMA integrity_check;
    <br>PRAGMA integrity_check(</b><i>N</i><b>)</b></p>
    <p>This pragma does an integrity check of the entire database.  The
    integrity_check pragma
    looks for out-of-order records, missing pages, malformed records, missing
    index entries, and UNIQUE and NOT NULL constraint errors.
    If the integrity_check pragma finds problems, strings are returned
    (as multiple rows with a single column per row) which describe
    the problems.  Pragma integrity_check will return at most <i>N</i>
................................................................................
    Use the <a href="pragma.html#pragma_foreign_key_check">PRAGMA foreign_key_check</a> command for to find errors in
    FOREIGN KEY constraints.</p>

    <p>See also the <a href="pragma.html#pragma_quick_check">PRAGMA quick_check</a> command which does most of the
    checking of PRAGMA integrity_check but runs much faster.</p>
<a name="pragma_journal_mode"></a>
<hr>
    <p><b>PRAGMA journal_mode;
       <br>PRAGMA </b><i>database</i><b>.journal_mode;
       <br>PRAGMA journal_mode
              = <i>DELETE | TRUNCATE | PERSIST | MEMORY | WAL | OFF</i>
       <br>PRAGMA </b><i>database</i><b>.journal_mode
              = <i>DELETE | TRUNCATE | PERSIST | MEMORY | WAL | OFF</i></b></p>

    <p>This pragma queries or sets the journal mode for databases
    associated with the current <a href="c3ref/sqlite3.html">database connection</a>.</p>

    <p>The first two forms of this pragma query the current journaling
    mode for <i>database</i>.  When <i>database</i> is omitted, the
    "main" database is queried.</p>

    <p>The last two forms change the journaling mode.  The 4th form
    changes the journaling mode for a specific database connection named.
    Use "main" for the main database (the database that was opened by
    the original <a href="c3ref/open.html">sqlite3_open()</a>, <a href="c3ref/open.html">sqlite3_open16()</a>, or
    <a href="c3ref/open.html">sqlite3_open_v2()</a> interface call) and use "temp" for database
    that holds TEMP tables.  The 3rd form changes the journaling mode
    on all databases attached to the connection.

    The new journal mode is returned.  If the journal mode
    could not be changed, the original journal mode is returned.</p>

    <p>The DELETE journaling mode is the normal behavior.  In the DELETE
    mode, the rollback journal is deleted at the conclusion of each
    transaction.  Indeed, the delete operation is the action that causes
    the transaction to commit.
................................................................................
    is either MEMORY or OFF and can not be changed to a different value.
    An attempt to change the journal_mode of an <a href="inmemorydb.html">in-memory database</a> to
    any setting other than MEMORY or OFF is ignored.  Note also that
    the journal_mode cannot be changed while a transaction is active.</p>
<a name="pragma_journal_size_limit"></a>
<hr>
    <p><b>
    PRAGMA journal_size_limit<br>
    PRAGMA journal_size_limit = </b><i>N</i> <b>;</b>

  <p>If a database connection is operating in
  <a href="pragma.html#pragma_locking_mode">exclusive locking mode</a> or in
  <a href="pragma.html#pragma_journal_mode">persistent journal mode</a> 
  (PRAGMA journal_mode=persist) then
  after committing a transaction the <a href="lockingv3.html#rollback">rollback journal</a> file may remain in
  the file-system. This increases performance for subsequent transactions
................................................................................
    <p>The legacy_file_format pragma is initialized to OFF when an existing
    database in the newer file format is first opened.</p>

    <p>The default file format is set by the
    <a href="compile.html#default_file_format">SQLITE_DEFAULT_FILE_FORMAT</a> compile-time option.</p>
<a name="pragma_locking_mode"></a>
<hr>
    <p><b>PRAGMA locking_mode;

       <br>PRAGMA locking_mode = <i>NORMAL | EXCLUSIVE</i></b></p>
    <p>This pragma sets or queries the database connection locking-mode. 
    The locking-mode is either NORMAL or EXCLUSIVE.

    <p>In NORMAL locking-mode (the default unless overridden at compile-time
    using <a href="compile.html#default_locking_mode">SQLITE_DEFAULT_LOCKING_MODE</a>), a database connection
    unlocks the database file at the conclusion of each read or
    write transaction. When the locking-mode is set to EXCLUSIVE, the
................................................................................
   NORMAL until after exiting WAL journal mode. 
   If the locking mode is NORMAL when first entering WAL
   journal mode, then the locking mode can be changed between NORMAL and
   EXCLUSIVE and back again at any time and without needing to exit
   WAL journal mode.</p>
<a name="pragma_max_page_count"></a>
<hr>
    <p><b>PRAGMA max_page_count;
       <br>PRAGMA max_page_count = </b><i>N</i><b>;</b></p>
    <p>Query or set the maximum number of pages in the database file.
    Both forms of the pragma return the maximum page count.  The second
    form attempts to modify the maximum page count.  The maximum page
    count cannot be reduced below the current database size.
    </p>
<a name="pragma_mmap_size"></a>
<hr>
    <p><br><b>PRAGMA </b><i>database</i><b>.mmap_size;
         <br>PRAGMA </b><i>database</i><b>.mmap_size=</b><i>N</i></p>

    <p>Query or change the maximum number of bytes that are set
       aside for memory-mapped I/O on a single database.  The first form
       (without an argument) queries the current limit.  The second
       form (with a numeric argument) sets the limit for the specified
       database, or for all databases if the optional database name is
       omitted.  In the second form, if the database name is omitted, the
................................................................................
       the memory-mapped I/O region is in active use, to avoid unmapping
       memory out from under running SQL statements.  For this reason,
       the mmap_size pragma may be a no-op if the prior mmap_size is non-zero
       and there are other SQL statements running concurrently on the same
       <a href="c3ref/sqlite3.html">database connection</a>.</p>
<a name="pragma_page_count"></a>
<hr>
    <p><b>PRAGMA page_count;</b></p>
    <p>Return the total number of pages in the database file.</p>
<a name="pragma_page_size"></a>
<hr>
   <p><b>PRAGMA page_size;
       <br>PRAGMA page_size = </b><i>bytes</i><b>;</b></p>
    <p>Query or set the page size of the database. The page
    size must be a power of two between 512 and 65536 inclusive.
    </p>

    <p>When a new database is created, SQLite assigned a default page size
    based on information received from the xSectorSize and 
    xDeviceCharacteristics methods of the <a href="c3ref/io_methods.html">sqlite3_io_methods</a> object
................................................................................
    This pragma is intended for use when debugging SQLite itself.  It
    is only available when the <a href="compile.html#debug">SQLITE_DEBUG</a> compile-time option
    is used.</p>
  
<a name="pragma_query_only"></a>
<hr>
    <p><b>PRAGMA query_only;
       <br>PRAGMA query_only = </b><i>boolean</i><b>;</b></p>

    <p>The query_only pragma prevents all changes to database files when
    enabled.</p>
<a name="pragma_quick_check"></a>
<hr>
    <p><b>PRAGMA quick_check;
    <br>PRAGMA quick_check(</b><i>N</i><b>)</b></p>
    <p>The pragma is like <a href="pragma.html#pragma_integrity_check">integrity_check</a> except that it does not verify
    UNIQUE and NOT NULL constraints and does not verify
    that index content matches table content.  By skipping UNIQUE and NOT NULL
    and index consistency checks, quick_check is able to run much faster than
    integrity_check.  Otherwise the two pragmas are the same.
    </p>
<a name="pragma_read_uncommitted"></a>
................................................................................
    <p>The depth of recursion for triggers has a hard upper limit set by
    the <a href="limits.html#max_trigger_depth">SQLITE_MAX_TRIGGER_DEPTH</a> compile-time option and a run-time
    limit set by <a href="c3ref/limit.html">sqlite3_limit</a>(db,<a href="c3ref/c_limit_attached.html#sqlitelimittriggerdepth">SQLITE_LIMIT_TRIGGER_DEPTH</a>,...).</p>
<a name="pragma_reverse_unordered_selects"></a>
<hr>
    <p><b>PRAGMA reverse_unordered_selects;
       <br>PRAGMA reverse_unordered_selects = </b><i>boolean</i><b>;</b></p>
    <p>When enabled, this PRAGMA causes <a href="lang_select.html">SELECT</a> statements without
    an ORDER BY clause to emit their results in the reverse order of what
    they normally would.  This can help debug applications that are
    making invalid assumptions about the result order.<p>SQLite makes no





    guarantees about the order of results if a SELECT omits the ORDER BY
    clause.  Even so, the order of results does not change from one
    run to the next, and so many applications mistakenly come to depend
    on the arbitrary output order whatever that order happens to be.  However, 
    sometimes new versions of SQLite will contain optimizer enhancements
    that will cause the output order of queries without ORDER BY clauses
    to shift.  When that happens, applications that depend on a certain
................................................................................
    times with this pragma both disabled and enabled, cases where the
    application makes faulty assumptions about output order can be
    identified and fixed early, reducing problems
    that might be caused by linking against a different version of SQLite.
    </p>
<a name="pragma_schema_version"></a>
<hr>
    <p><b>PRAGMA schema_version; 
       <br>PRAGMA schema_version = </b><i>integer </i><b>;
       <br>PRAGMA user_version;
       <br>PRAGMA user_version = </b><i>integer </i><b>;</b>

  
<p>    The pragmas schema_version and user_version are used to set or get
       the value of the schema-version and user-version, respectively. The
       schema-version and the user-version are big-endian 32-bit signed
       integers stored in the database header at offsets 40 and 60,
       respectively.</p>
................................................................................
       to modify the schema-version is potentially dangerous and may lead 
       to program crashes or database corruption. Use with caution!</p>
  
<p>    The user-version is not used internally by SQLite. It may be used by
       applications for any purpose.</p>
<a name="pragma_secure_delete"></a>
<hr>
    <p><b>PRAGMA secure_delete;
       <br>PRAGMA </b><i>database</i><b>.secure_delete;
       <br>PRAGMA secure_delete = </b><i>boolean</i><b>
       <br>PRAGMA </b><i>database</i><b>.secure_delete =
               </b><i>boolean</i></p>
    <p>Query or change the secure-delete setting. When secure-delete
    on, SQLite overwrites deleted content with zeros.  The default
    setting is determined by the <a href="compile.html#secure_delete">SQLITE_SECURE_DELETE</a>
    compile-time option.

    <p>
    When there are <a href="lang_attach.html">attached databases</a> and no database
................................................................................
    </p>
<a name="pragma_stats"></a>
<hr>
    <p><b>PRAGMA stats;</b> </p>
    <p>This pragma returns auxiliary information about tables and
    indices.  The returned information is used during testing to help
    verify that the query planner is operating correctly.  The format
    and meaning of this pragma will likely change from release
    to the next. Because of its volatility, the behavior and output
    format of this pragma are deliberately undocumented.</p>

    
    <p style='background-color: #f0e0ff;'>
    The intended use of this pragma is only for testing and validation of
    SQLite.  This pragma is subject to change without notice and is not
    recommended for use by application programs.</p>
  
<a name="pragma_synchronous"></a>
<hr>
    <p><b>PRAGMA synchronous;
       <br>PRAGMA synchronous = </b>
          <i>0 | OFF | 1 | NORMAL | 2 | FULL</i><b>;</b></p>

    <p>Query or change the setting of the "synchronous" flag.
    The first (query) form will return the synchronous setting as an 
    integer.  When synchronous is FULL (2), the SQLite database engine will
    use the xSync method of the <a href="vfs.html">VFS</a> to ensure that all content is safely
    written to the disk surface prior to continuing.
................................................................................
    all one needs in WAL mode.</p>

    <p>The default setting is synchronous=FULL.</p>

    <p>See also the <a href="pragma.html#pragma_fullfsync">fullfsync</a> and <a href="pragma.html#pragma_checkpoint_fullfsync">checkpoint_fullfsync</a> pragmas.</p>
<a name="pragma_table_info"></a>
<hr>
    <p><b>PRAGMA table_info(</b><i>table-name</i><b>);</b></p>
    <p>This pragma returns one row for each column in the named table.
    Columns in the result set include the column name,
    data type, whether or not the column can be NULL, and the default
    value for the column.  The "pk" column in the result set is zero
    for columns that are not part of the primary key, and is the index of
    the column in the primary key for columns that are part of the primary
    key.</p>
    <p>The table named in the table_info pragma can also be a view.</p>
<a name="pragma_temp_store"></a>
<hr>
    <p><b>PRAGMA temp_store;
       <br>PRAGMA temp_store = </b>
            <i>0 | DEFAULT | 1 | FILE | 2 | MEMORY</i><b>;</b></p>

    <p>Query or change the setting of the "<b>temp_store</b>" parameter.
    When temp_store is DEFAULT (0), the compile-time C preprocessor macro
    <a href="compile.html#temp_store">SQLITE_TEMP_STORE</a> is used to determine where temporary tables and indices
    are stored.  When
    temp_store is MEMORY (2) <a href="inmemorydb.html#temp_db">temporary tables</a> and indices are kept in
................................................................................
        <td align="center"><em>any</em></td>
        <td align="center">memory</td></tr>
    </table>
    </blockquote>
<a name="pragma_temp_store_directory"></a>
<hr>
    <p><b>PRAGMA temp_store_directory;
       <br>PRAGMA temp_store_directory = '</b><i>directory-name</i><b>';</b></p>
    <p>Query or change the value of the <a href="c3ref/temp_directory.html">sqlite3_temp_directory</a> global
    variable, which many operating-system interface backends use to
    determine where to store <a href="inmemorydb.html#temp_db">temporary tables</a> and indices.</p>

    <p>When the temp_store_directory setting is changed, all existing temporary
    tables, indices, triggers, and viewers in the database connection that
    issued the pragma are immediately deleted.  In
................................................................................
    use of this pragma at the earliest opportunity.  This pragma may be omitted
    from the build when SQLite is compiled using <a href="compile.html#omit_deprecated">SQLITE_OMIT_DEPRECATED</a>.
    </p>
  
<a name="pragma_threads"></a>
<hr>
    <p><b>PRAGMA threads;
       <br>PRAGMA threads = </b><i>N</i><b>;</b></p>
    <p>Query or change the value of the 
    <a href="c3ref/limit.html">sqlite3_limit</a>(db,<a href="c3ref/c_limit_attached.html#sqlitelimitworkerthreads">SQLITE_LIMIT_WORKER_THREADS</a>,...) limit for
    the current database connection.  This limit sets an upper bound
    on the number of auxiliary threads that a <a href="c3ref/stmt.html">prepared statement</a> is
    allowed to launch to assist with a query.  The default limit is 0
    unless it is changed using the <a href="compile.html#default_worker_threads">SQLITE_DEFAULT_WORKER_THREADS</a>
    compile-time option.  When the limit is zero, that means no
................................................................................
    This pragma is intended for use when debugging SQLite itself.  It
    is only available when the <a href="compile.html#debug">SQLITE_DEBUG</a> compile-time option
    is used.</p>
  
<a name="pragma_wal_autocheckpoint"></a>
<hr>
    <p><b>PRAGMA wal_autocheckpoint;<br>
     PRAGMA wal_autocheckpoint=</b><i>N</i><b>;</b></p>

    <p>This pragma queries or sets the <a href="wal.html">write-ahead log</a> 
    <a href="wal.html#ckpt">auto-checkpoint</a> interval.
    When the <a href="wal.html">write-ahead log</a> is enabled (via the
    <a href="pragma.html#pragma_journal_mode">journal_mode pragma</a>) a checkpoint will be run automatically whenever
    the write-ahead log equals or exceeds <i>N</i> pages in length.
    Setting the auto-checkpoint size to zero or a negative value
................................................................................
    All automatic checkpoints are <a href="c3ref/wal_checkpoint_v2.html">PASSIVE</a>.</p>

    <p>Autocheckpointing is enabled by default with an interval
    of 1000 or <a href="compile.html#default_wal_autocheckpoint">SQLITE_DEFAULT_WAL_AUTOCHECKPOINT</a>.</p>

<a name="pragma_wal_checkpoint"></a>
<hr>
    <p><b>PRAGMA </b><i>database</i><b>.wal_checkpoint;</b><br>
    <b>PRAGMA </b><i>database</i><b>.wal_checkpoint(PASSIVE);</b><br>
    <b>PRAGMA </b><i>database</i><b>.wal_checkpoint(FULL);</b><br>
    <b>PRAGMA </b><i>database</i><b>.wal_checkpoint(RESTART);</b>

   </p>

    <p>If the <a href="wal.html">write-ahead log</a> is enabled (via the <a href="pragma.html#pragma_journal_mode">journal_mode pragma</a>),
    this pragma causes a <a href="wal.html#ckpt">checkpoint</a> operation to run on database
    <i>database</i>, or on all attached databases if <i>database</i>
    is omitted.  If <a href="wal.html">write-ahead log</a> mode is disabled, this pragma is a
    harmless no-op.</p>
................................................................................
    <a href="c3ref/c_checkpoint_full.html">3rd parameter</a>
    corresponding to the argument:

    <dl>
    <dt>PASSIVE<dd>
      Checkpoint as many frames as possible without waiting for any database 
      readers or writers to finish. Sync the db file if all frames in the log
      are checkpointed. This mode is the same as calling 
      sqlite3_wal_checkpoint(). The
      <a href="c3ref/busy_handler.html">busy-handler callback</a> is never invoked.

   
    <dt>FULL<dd>
      This mode blocks 
      (invokes the <a href="c3ref/busy_handler.html">busy-handler callback</a>)
      until there is no
      database writer and all readers are reading from the most recent database
      snapshot. It then checkpoints all frames in the log file and syncs the
      database file. FULL blocks database writers while it is
      running, but not database readers.
   
    <dt>RESTART<dd>
      This mode works the same way as SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL, except after 
      checkpointing the log file it blocks (calls the 
      <a href="c3ref/busy_handler.html">busy-handler callback</a>)
      until all readers are reading from the database file only. This ensures 
      that the next client to write to the database file restarts the log file 
      from the beginning. RESTART blocks database writers while it is
      running, but not database readers.





    </dl>


    <p>The wal_checkpoint pragma returns a single row with three
    integer columns.  The first column is usually 0 but will be
    1 if a RESTART or FULL checkpoint was blocked from completing,
    for example because another thread or process was actively
    using the database.  In other words, the first column is 0 if the
    equivalent call to <a href="c3ref/wal_checkpoint_v2.html">sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2()</a> would have returned
    <a href="rescode.html#ok">SQLITE_OK</a> or 1 if the equivalent call would have returned <a href="rescode.html#busy">SQLITE_BUSY</a>.
    The second column is the number of modified pages that have been
    written to the write-ahead log file.
    The third column is the number of pages in the write-ahead log file







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.fancy .todo:before  { content: 'TODO:' }
.fancy p.todo        { border: solid #AA3333 1px; padding: 1ex }
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.fancy p,.fancy ul,.fancy ol,.fancy dl { margin: 1em 5ex }
.fancy li p { margin: 1em 0 }
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</style>
  
</head>
<body>
................................................................................
When querying the value of a setting, many pragmas return the number
rather than the keyword.</p>

<p>A pragma may have an optional database name before the pragma name.
The database name is the name of an <a href="lang_attach.html">ATTACH</a>-ed database or it can be
"main" or "temp" for the main and the TEMP databases.  If the optional
database name is omitted, "main" is assumed.  In some pragmas, the database
name is meaningless and is simply ignored.  In the documentation below,
pragmas for which the database name is meaningful are shown with a
"<i>database.</i>" prefix.</p>




<hr /><a name="toc"></a>
<h2>List Of PRAGMAs</h2>

<table border=0 width="100%" cellpadding=10>
................................................................................
<li><a href="#pragma_cache_spill">cache_spill</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_case_sensitive_like">case_sensitive_like</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_checkpoint_fullfsync">checkpoint_fullfsync</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_collation_list">collation_list</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_compile_options">compile_options</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_count_changes"><s>count_changes</s></a>&sup1;
<li><a href="#pragma_data_store_directory"><s>data_store_directory</s></a>&sup1;
<li><a href="#pragma_data_version">data_version</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_database_list">database_list</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_default_cache_size"><s>default_cache_size</s></a>&sup1;
<li><a href="#pragma_defer_foreign_keys">defer_foreign_keys</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_empty_result_callbacks"><s>empty_result_callbacks</s></a>&sup1;
<li><a href="#pragma_encoding">encoding</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_foreign_key_check">foreign_key_check</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_foreign_key_list">foreign_key_list</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_foreign_keys">foreign_keys</a>

</ul></td><td valign="top" align="left"><ul>
<li><a href="#pragma_freelist_count">freelist_count</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_full_column_names"><s>full_column_names</s></a>&sup1;
<li><a href="#pragma_fullfsync">fullfsync</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_ignore_check_constraints">ignore_check_constraints</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_incremental_vacuum">incremental_vacuum</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_index_info">index_info</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_index_list">index_list</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_index_xinfo">index_xinfo</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_integrity_check">integrity_check</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_journal_mode">journal_mode</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_journal_size_limit">journal_size_limit</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_legacy_file_format">legacy_file_format</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_locking_mode">locking_mode</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_max_page_count">max_page_count</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_mmap_size">mmap_size</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_page_count">page_count</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_page_size">page_size</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_parser_trace"><i>parser_trace</i></a>&sup2;
<li><a href="#pragma_query_only">query_only</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_quick_check">quick_check</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_read_uncommitted">read_uncommitted</a>
</ul></td><td valign="top" align="left"><ul>
<li><a href="#pragma_recursive_triggers">recursive_triggers</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_reverse_unordered_selects">reverse_unordered_selects</a>

<li><a href="#pragma_schema_version">schema_version</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_secure_delete">secure_delete</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_short_column_names"><s>short_column_names</s></a>&sup1;
<li><a href="#pragma_shrink_memory">shrink_memory</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_soft_heap_limit">soft_heap_limit</a>
<li><a href="#pragma_stats"><i>stats</i></a>&sup3;
<li><a href="#pragma_synchronous">synchronous</a>
................................................................................
from existing applications at your earliest opportunity.</blockquote>
<li>These pragmas are used for debugging SQLite and
are only available when SQLite is compiled using <a href="compile.html#debug">SQLITE_DEBUG</a>.
<li>These pragmas are used for testing SQLite and are not recommended
for use in application programs.</ol></p>
<a name="pragma_application_id"></a>
<hr>
    <p><b>PRAGMA </b><i>database.</i><b>application_id;
     <br>PRAGMA </b><i>database.</i><b>application_id = </b><i>integer </i><b>;</b>
  
<p>    The application_id PRAGMA is used to query or set the 32-bit
       unsigned big-endian "Application ID" integer located at offset
       68 into the <a href="fileformat2.html#database_header">database header</a>.  Applications that use SQLite as their
       <a href="appfileformat.html">application file-format</a> should set the Application ID integer to
       a unique integer so that utilities such as 
       <a href="http://www.darwinsys.com/file/">file(1)</a> can determine the specific
       file type rather than just reporting "SQLite3 Database".  A list of
       assigned application IDs can be seen by consulting the
       <a href="http://www.sqlite.org/src/artifact?ci=trunk&filename=magic.txt">magic.txt</a> file in the SQLite source repository.
<a name="pragma_auto_vacuum"></a>
<hr>
    <p><b>PRAGMA </b><i>database.</i><b>auto_vacuum;<br>
          PRAGMA </b><i>database.</i><b>auto_vacuum = </b>
           <i>0 | NONE | 1 | FULL | 2 | INCREMENTAL</i><b>;</b></p>

    <p>Query or set the auto-vacuum status in the database.</p>

    <p>The default setting for auto-vacuum is 0 or "none",
    unless the <a href="compile.html#default_autovacuum">SQLITE_DEFAULT_AUTOVACUUM</a> compile-time option is used.
    The "none" setting means that auto-vacuum is disabled.
................................................................................
    bindings that do not provide direct access to <a href="c3ref/busy_timeout.html">sqlite3_busy_timeout()</a>.

    <p>Each database connection can only have a single
    <a href="c3ref/busy_handler.html">busy handler</a>.  This PRAGMA sets the busy handler
    for the process, possibly overwriting any previously set busy handler.
<a name="pragma_cache_size"></a>
<hr>
    <p><b>PRAGMA </b><i>database.</i><b>cache_size;
       <br>PRAGMA </b><i>database.</i><b>cache_size = </b><i>pages</i><b>;
       <br>PRAGMA </b><i>database.</i><b>cache_size = -</b><i>kibibytes</i><b>;</b></p>
    <p>Query or change the suggested maximum number of database disk pages
    that SQLite will hold in memory at once per open database file.  Whether
    or not this suggestion is honored is at the discretion of the
    <a href="c3ref/pcache_methods2.html">Application Defined Page Cache</a>.
    The default page cache that is built into SQLite honors the request,
    however alternative application-defined page cache implementations
    may choose to interpret the suggested cache size in different ways
    or to ignore it all together.
    The default suggested cache size is 2000 pages.
    The default suggested cache size can be altered using the
    <a href="compile.html#default_cache_size">SQLITE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE</a> compile-time options.
    The TEMP database has a default suggested cache size of 0 pages.</p>

    <p>If the argument N is positive then the suggested cache size is set 
    to N. If the argument N is negative, then the
    number of cache pages is adjusted to use approximately abs(N*1024) bytes
    of memory.
    <i>Backwards compatibility note:</i>
    The behavior of cache_size with a negative N
    was different in SQLite versions prior to 3.7.10.  In
    version 3.7.9 and earlier, the number of pages in the cache was set
    to the absolute value of N.</p>

................................................................................
    use of this pragma at the earliest opportunity.  This pragma may be omitted
    from the build when SQLite is compiled using <a href="compile.html#omit_deprecated">SQLITE_OMIT_DEPRECATED</a>.
    </p>
  
<a name="pragma_data_store_directory"></a>
<hr>
    <p><b>PRAGMA data_store_directory;
      <br>PRAGMA data_store_directory = '</b><i>directory-name</i><b>';</b></p>
    <p>Query or change the value of the <a href="c3ref/data_directory.html">sqlite3_data_directory</a> global
    variable, which windows operating-system interface backends use to
    determine where to store database files specified using a relative
    pathname.</p>

    <p>Changing the data_store_directory setting is <u>not</u> threadsafe.
    Never change the data_store_directory setting if another thread
................................................................................
    <b>This pragma is deprecated</b> and exists
    for backwards compatibility only.  New applications
    should avoid using this pragma.  Older applications should discontinue
    use of this pragma at the earliest opportunity.  This pragma may be omitted
    from the build when SQLite is compiled using <a href="compile.html#omit_deprecated">SQLITE_OMIT_DEPRECATED</a>.
    </p>
  
<a name="pragma_data_version"></a>
<hr>
    <p><b>PRAGMA </b><i>database.</i><b>data_version;</b></p>
    <p>The "PRAGMA data_version" command provides an indication that the
    database file has been modified.
    Interactive programs that hold database content in memory or that
    display database content on-screen can use the PRAGMA data_version
    command to determine if they need to flush and reload their memory
    or update the screen display.</p>

    <p>The integer values returned by two
    invocations of "PRAGMA data_version" from the same connection
    will be different if changes were committed to the database 
    by any other connection in the interim.
    The "PRAGMA data_version" value is unchanged for commits made
    on the same database connection.
    The behavior of "PRAGMA data_version" is the same for all database
    connections, including database connections in separate processes
    and <a href="sharedcache.html">shared cache</a> database connections.

    <p>The "PRAGMA data_version" value is a local property of each
    database connection and so values returned by two concurrent invocations
    of "PRAGMA data_version" on separate database connections are 
    often different even though the underlying database is identical.
    It is only meaningful to compare the "PRAGMA data_version" values
    returned by the same database connection at two different points in
    time.
<a name="pragma_database_list"></a>
<hr>
    <p><b>PRAGMA database_list;</b></p>
    <p>This pragma works like a query to return one row for each database
    attached to the current database connection.
    The second column is the "main" for the main database file, "temp"
    for the database file used to store TEMP objects, or the name of the
    ATTACHed database for other database files.
    The third column is the name of the database file itself, or an empty
    string if the database is not associated with a file.</p>
<a name="pragma_default_cache_size"></a>
<hr>
    <b>PRAGMA </b><i>database.</i><b>default_cache_size;
       <br>PRAGMA </b><i>database.</i><b>default_cache_size
            = </b><i>Number-of-pages</i><b>;</b></p>

    <p>This pragma queries or sets the suggested maximum number of pages
    of disk cache that will be allocated per open database file.
    The difference between this pragma and <a href="pragma.html#pragma_cache_size">cache_size</a> is that the
    value set here persists across database connections.
    The value of the default cache size is stored in the 4-byte
    big-endian integer located at offset 48 in the header of the
................................................................................
    <p>Once an encoding has been set for a database, it cannot be changed.</p>

    <p>Databases created by the <a href="lang_attach.html">ATTACH</a> command always use the same encoding
    as the main database.  An attempt to <a href="lang_attach.html">ATTACH</a> a database with a different
    text encoding from the "main" database will fail.</p>
<a name="pragma_foreign_key_check"></a>
<hr>
    <p><b>PRAGMA </b><i>database.</i><b>foreign_key_check;
        <br>PRAGMA </b><i>database.</i><b>foreign_key_check(</b><i>table-name</i><b>);</b></b></p>

    <p>The foreign_key_check pragma checks the database, or the table
    called "<i>table-name</i>", for 
    <a href="foreignkeys.html">foreign key constraints</a> that are violated and returns one row of
    output for each violation.  There are four columns in each result row.
    The first column is the name of the table that contains the REFERENCES
    clause.  The second column is the <a href="lang_createtable.html#rowid">rowid</a> of the row that
................................................................................
       release of SQLite.  The default setting for foreign key enforcement
       can be specified at compile-time using the <a href="compile.html#default_foreign_keys">SQLITE_DEFAULT_FOREIGN_KEYS</a>
       preprocessor macro.  To minimize future problems, applications should
       set the foreign key enforcement flag as required by the application
       and not depend on the default setting.
<a name="pragma_freelist_count"></a>
<hr>
    <p><b>PRAGMA </b><i>database.</i><b>freelist_count;</b></p>
    <p>Return the number of unused pages in the database file.</p>
<a name="pragma_full_column_names"></a>
<hr>
    <p><b>PRAGMA full_column_names;
       <br>PRAGMA full_column_names = </b><i>boolean</i><b>;</b></p>

    <p>Query or change the full_column_names flag. This flag together 
................................................................................
    <p><b>PRAGMA ignore_check_constraints  = </b><i>boolean</i><b>;</b></p>

    <p>This pragma enables or disables the enforcement of CHECK constraints.
    The default setting is off, meaning that CHECK constraints are
    enforced by default.</p>
<a name="pragma_incremental_vacuum"></a>
<hr>
    <p><b>PRAGMA </b><i>database.</i><b>incremental_vacuum</b><i>(N)</i><b>;</b></p>
    <p>The incremental_vacuum pragma causes up to <i>N</i> pages to
    be removed from the <a href="fileformat2.html#freelist">freelist</a>.  The database file is truncated by
    the same amount.  The incremental_vacuum pragma has no effect if
    the database is not in
    <a href="#pragma_auto_vacuum">auto_vacuum=incremental</a> mode
    or if there are no pages on the freelist.  If there are fewer than
    <i>N</i> pages on the freelist, or if <i>N</i> is less than 1, or
    if <i>N</i> is omitted entirely, then the entire freelist is cleared.</p>
<a name="pragma_index_info"></a>
<hr>
    <p><b>PRAGMA </b><i>database.</i><b>index_info(</b><i>index-name</i><b>);</b></p>
    <p>This pragma returns one row for each key column in the named index.
    A key column is a column that is actually named in the <a href="lang_createindex.html">CREATE INDEX</a>
    index statement or <a href="lang_createtable.html#uniqueconst">UNIQUE constraint</a> or <a href="lang_createtable.html#primkeyconst">PRIMARY KEY constraint</a> that
    created the index.  Index entries also usually contain auxiliary
    columns that point back to the table row being indexed.  The auxiliary
    index-columns are not shown by the index_info pragma, but they are
    listed by the <a href="pragma.html#pragma_index_xinfo">index_xinfo pragma</a>.</p>

    <p>Output columns from the index_info pragma are as follows:
    <ol>
    <li>The rank of the column within the index.  (0 means left-most.)
    <li>The rank of the column within the table being indexed.
    <li>The name of the column being indexed.
    </ol>
<a name="pragma_index_list"></a>
<hr>
    <p><b>PRAGMA </b><i>database.</i><b>index_list(</b><i>table-name</i><b>);</b></p>
    <p>This pragma returns one row for each index associated with the
    given table.


    <p>Output columns from the index_list pragma are as follows:
    <ol>
    <li>A sequence number assigned to each index for internal tracking
          purposes.
    <li>The name of the index.
    <li>"1" if the index is UNIQUE and "0" if not.
    <li>"c" if the index was created by a <a href="lang_createindex.html">CREATE INDEX</a> statement,
          "u" if the index was created by a <a href="lang_createtable.html#uniqueconst">UNIQUE constraint</a>, or
          "pk" if the index was created by a <a href="lang_createtable.html#primkeyconst">PRIMARY KEY constraint</a>.
    <li>"1" if the index is a <a href="partialindex.html">partial index</a> and "0" if not.
    </ol>
    </p>
<a name="pragma_index_xinfo"></a>
<hr>
    <p><b>PRAGMA </b><i>database.</i><b>index_xinfo(</b><i>index-name</i><b>);</b></p>
    <p>This pragma returns information about every column in an index.
    Unlike this <a href="pragma.html#pragma_index_info">index_info pragma</a>, this pragma returns information about
    every column in the index, not just the key columns.
    (A key column is a column that is actually named in the <a href="lang_createindex.html">CREATE INDEX</a>
    index statement or <a href="lang_createtable.html#uniqueconst">UNIQUE constraint</a> or <a href="lang_createtable.html#primkeyconst">PRIMARY KEY constraint</a> that
    created the index.  Auxiliary columns are additional columns needed to
    locate the table entry that corresponds to each index entry.)

    <p>Output columns from the index_xinfo pragma are as follows:
    <ol>
    <li>The rank of the column within the index. (0 means left-most.
         Key columns come before auxiliary columns.)
    <li>The rank of the column within the table being indexed, or -1 if
         the index-column is the <a href="lang_createtable.html#rowid">rowid</a> of the table being indexed.
    <li>The name of the column being indexed, or NULL if the index-column
         is the <a href="lang_createtable.html#rowid">rowid</a> of the table being indexed.
    <li>1 if the index-column is sorted in reverse (DESC) order by the
         index and 0 otherwise.
    <li>The name for the <a href="datatype3.html#collation">collating sequence</a>
         used to compare values in the index-column.
    <li>1 if the index-column is a key column and 0 if the index-column
         is an auxiliary column.
    </ol>
<a name="pragma_integrity_check"></a>
<hr>
    <p><b>PRAGMA </b><i>database.</i><b>integrity_check;
      <br>PRAGMA </b><i>database.</i><b>integrity_check(</b><i>N</i><b>)</b></p>
    <p>This pragma does an integrity check of the entire database.  The
    integrity_check pragma
    looks for out-of-order records, missing pages, malformed records, missing
    index entries, and UNIQUE and NOT NULL constraint errors.
    If the integrity_check pragma finds problems, strings are returned
    (as multiple rows with a single column per row) which describe
    the problems.  Pragma integrity_check will return at most <i>N</i>
................................................................................
    Use the <a href="pragma.html#pragma_foreign_key_check">PRAGMA foreign_key_check</a> command for to find errors in
    FOREIGN KEY constraints.</p>

    <p>See also the <a href="pragma.html#pragma_quick_check">PRAGMA quick_check</a> command which does most of the
    checking of PRAGMA integrity_check but runs much faster.</p>
<a name="pragma_journal_mode"></a>
<hr>

    <p><b>PRAGMA </b><i>database.</i><b>journal_mode;


        <br>PRAGMA </b><i>database.</i><b>journal_mode
              = <i>DELETE | TRUNCATE | PERSIST | MEMORY | WAL | OFF</i></b></p>

    <p>This pragma queries or sets the journal mode for databases
    associated with the current <a href="c3ref/sqlite3.html">database connection</a>.</p>

    <p>The first form of this pragma queries the current journaling
    mode for <i>database</i>.  When <i>database</i> is omitted, the
    "main" database is queried.</p>






    <p>The second form changes the journaling mode for "<i>database</i>"

    or for all attached databases if "<i>database</i>" is omitted.
    The new journal mode is returned.  If the journal mode
    could not be changed, the original journal mode is returned.</p>

    <p>The DELETE journaling mode is the normal behavior.  In the DELETE
    mode, the rollback journal is deleted at the conclusion of each
    transaction.  Indeed, the delete operation is the action that causes
    the transaction to commit.
................................................................................
    is either MEMORY or OFF and can not be changed to a different value.
    An attempt to change the journal_mode of an <a href="inmemorydb.html">in-memory database</a> to
    any setting other than MEMORY or OFF is ignored.  Note also that
    the journal_mode cannot be changed while a transaction is active.</p>
<a name="pragma_journal_size_limit"></a>
<hr>
    <p><b>
    PRAGMA </b><i>database.</i><b>journal_size_limit<br>
    PRAGMA </b><i>database.</i><b>journal_size_limit = </b><i>N</i> <b>;</b>

  <p>If a database connection is operating in
  <a href="pragma.html#pragma_locking_mode">exclusive locking mode</a> or in
  <a href="pragma.html#pragma_journal_mode">persistent journal mode</a> 
  (PRAGMA journal_mode=persist) then
  after committing a transaction the <a href="lockingv3.html#rollback">rollback journal</a> file may remain in
  the file-system. This increases performance for subsequent transactions
................................................................................
    <p>The legacy_file_format pragma is initialized to OFF when an existing
    database in the newer file format is first opened.</p>

    <p>The default file format is set by the
    <a href="compile.html#default_file_format">SQLITE_DEFAULT_FILE_FORMAT</a> compile-time option.</p>
<a name="pragma_locking_mode"></a>
<hr>
    <p><b>PRAGMA </b><i>database.</i><b>locking_mode;
    <br>PRAGMA </b><i>database.</i><b>locking_mode
                = <i>NORMAL | EXCLUSIVE</i></b></p>
    <p>This pragma sets or queries the database connection locking-mode. 
    The locking-mode is either NORMAL or EXCLUSIVE.

    <p>In NORMAL locking-mode (the default unless overridden at compile-time
    using <a href="compile.html#default_locking_mode">SQLITE_DEFAULT_LOCKING_MODE</a>), a database connection
    unlocks the database file at the conclusion of each read or
    write transaction. When the locking-mode is set to EXCLUSIVE, the
................................................................................
   NORMAL until after exiting WAL journal mode. 
   If the locking mode is NORMAL when first entering WAL
   journal mode, then the locking mode can be changed between NORMAL and
   EXCLUSIVE and back again at any time and without needing to exit
   WAL journal mode.</p>
<a name="pragma_max_page_count"></a>
<hr>
    <p><b>PRAGMA </b><i>database.</i><b>max_page_count;
        <br>PRAGMA </b><i>database.</i><b>max_page_count = </b><i>N</i><b>;</b></p>
    <p>Query or set the maximum number of pages in the database file.
    Both forms of the pragma return the maximum page count.  The second
    form attempts to modify the maximum page count.  The maximum page
    count cannot be reduced below the current database size.
    </p>
<a name="pragma_mmap_size"></a>
<hr>
    <p><br><b>PRAGMA </b><i>database.</i><b>mmap_size;
         <br>PRAGMA </b><i>database.</i><b>mmap_size=</b><i>N</i></p>

    <p>Query or change the maximum number of bytes that are set
       aside for memory-mapped I/O on a single database.  The first form
       (without an argument) queries the current limit.  The second
       form (with a numeric argument) sets the limit for the specified
       database, or for all databases if the optional database name is
       omitted.  In the second form, if the database name is omitted, the
................................................................................
       the memory-mapped I/O region is in active use, to avoid unmapping
       memory out from under running SQL statements.  For this reason,
       the mmap_size pragma may be a no-op if the prior mmap_size is non-zero
       and there are other SQL statements running concurrently on the same
       <a href="c3ref/sqlite3.html">database connection</a>.</p>
<a name="pragma_page_count"></a>
<hr>
    <p><b>PRAGMA </b><i>database.</i><b>page_count;</b></p>
    <p>Return the total number of pages in the database file.</p>
<a name="pragma_page_size"></a>
<hr>
   <p><b>PRAGMA </b><i>database.</i><b>page_size;
       <br>PRAGMA </b><i>database.</i><b>page_size = </b><i>bytes</i><b>;</b></p>
    <p>Query or set the page size of the database. The page
    size must be a power of two between 512 and 65536 inclusive.
    </p>

    <p>When a new database is created, SQLite assigned a default page size
    based on information received from the xSectorSize and 
    xDeviceCharacteristics methods of the <a href="c3ref/io_methods.html">sqlite3_io_methods</a> object
................................................................................
    This pragma is intended for use when debugging SQLite itself.  It
    is only available when the <a href="compile.html#debug">SQLITE_DEBUG</a> compile-time option
    is used.</p>
  
<a name="pragma_query_only"></a>
<hr>
    <p><b>PRAGMA query_only;
      <br>PRAGMA query_only = </b><i>boolean</i><b>;</b></p>

    <p>The query_only pragma prevents all changes to database files when
    enabled.</p>
<a name="pragma_quick_check"></a>
<hr>
    <p><b>PRAGMA </b><i>database.</i><b>quick_check;
      <br>PRAGMA </b><i>database.</i><b>quick_check(</b><i>N</i><b>)</b></p>
    <p>The pragma is like <a href="pragma.html#pragma_integrity_check">integrity_check</a> except that it does not verify
    UNIQUE and NOT NULL constraints and does not verify
    that index content matches table content.  By skipping UNIQUE and NOT NULL
    and index consistency checks, quick_check is able to run much faster than
    integrity_check.  Otherwise the two pragmas are the same.
    </p>
<a name="pragma_read_uncommitted"></a>
................................................................................
    <p>The depth of recursion for triggers has a hard upper limit set by
    the <a href="limits.html#max_trigger_depth">SQLITE_MAX_TRIGGER_DEPTH</a> compile-time option and a run-time
    limit set by <a href="c3ref/limit.html">sqlite3_limit</a>(db,<a href="c3ref/c_limit_attached.html#sqlitelimittriggerdepth">SQLITE_LIMIT_TRIGGER_DEPTH</a>,...).</p>
<a name="pragma_reverse_unordered_selects"></a>
<hr>
    <p><b>PRAGMA reverse_unordered_selects;
       <br>PRAGMA reverse_unordered_selects = </b><i>boolean</i><b>;</b></p>
    <p>When enabled, this PRAGMA causes many <a href="lang_select.html">SELECT</a> statements without
    an ORDER BY clause to emit their results in the reverse order from what
    they normally would.  This can help debug applications that are
    making invalid assumptions about the result order.  
    The reverse_unordered_selects pragma works for most SELECT statements,
    however the query planner may sometimes choose an algorithm that is
    not easily reversed, in which case the output will appear in the same
    order regardless of the reverse_unordered_selects setting.
    <p>SQLite makes no
    guarantees about the order of results if a SELECT omits the ORDER BY
    clause.  Even so, the order of results does not change from one
    run to the next, and so many applications mistakenly come to depend
    on the arbitrary output order whatever that order happens to be.  However, 
    sometimes new versions of SQLite will contain optimizer enhancements
    that will cause the output order of queries without ORDER BY clauses
    to shift.  When that happens, applications that depend on a certain
................................................................................
    times with this pragma both disabled and enabled, cases where the
    application makes faulty assumptions about output order can be
    identified and fixed early, reducing problems
    that might be caused by linking against a different version of SQLite.
    </p>
<a name="pragma_schema_version"></a>
<hr>
    <p><b>PRAGMA </b><i>database.</i><b>schema_version; 
      <br>PRAGMA </b><i>database.</i><b>schema_version = </b><i>integer </i><b>;
      <br>PRAGMA </b><i>database.</i><b>user_version;
      <br>PRAGMA </b><i>database.</i><b>user_version = </b><i>integer </i><b>;</b>

  
<p>    The pragmas schema_version and user_version are used to set or get
       the value of the schema-version and user-version, respectively. The
       schema-version and the user-version are big-endian 32-bit signed
       integers stored in the database header at offsets 40 and 60,
       respectively.</p>
................................................................................
       to modify the schema-version is potentially dangerous and may lead 
       to program crashes or database corruption. Use with caution!</p>
  
<p>    The user-version is not used internally by SQLite. It may be used by
       applications for any purpose.</p>
<a name="pragma_secure_delete"></a>
<hr>

    <p>PRAGMA </b><i>database.</i><b>secure_delete;
     <br>PRAGMA </b><i>database.</i><b>secure_delete = </b><i>boolean</i></p>


    <p>Query or change the secure-delete setting. When secure-delete
    on, SQLite overwrites deleted content with zeros.  The default
    setting is determined by the <a href="compile.html#secure_delete">SQLITE_SECURE_DELETE</a>
    compile-time option.

    <p>
    When there are <a href="lang_attach.html">attached databases</a> and no database
................................................................................
    </p>
<a name="pragma_stats"></a>
<hr>
    <p><b>PRAGMA stats;</b> </p>
    <p>This pragma returns auxiliary information about tables and
    indices.  The returned information is used during testing to help
    verify that the query planner is operating correctly.  The format
    and meaning of this pragma will likely change from one release
    to the next. Because of its volatility, the behavior and output
    format of this pragma are deliberately undocumented.</p>

    
    <p style='background-color: #f0e0ff;'>
    The intended use of this pragma is only for testing and validation of
    SQLite.  This pragma is subject to change without notice and is not
    recommended for use by application programs.</p>
  
<a name="pragma_synchronous"></a>
<hr>
    <p><b>PRAGMA </b><i>database.</i><b>synchronous;
        <br>PRAGMA </b><i>database.</i><b>synchronous = </b>
          <i>0 | OFF | 1 | NORMAL | 2 | FULL</i><b>;</b></p>

    <p>Query or change the setting of the "synchronous" flag.
    The first (query) form will return the synchronous setting as an 
    integer.  When synchronous is FULL (2), the SQLite database engine will
    use the xSync method of the <a href="vfs.html">VFS</a> to ensure that all content is safely
    written to the disk surface prior to continuing.
................................................................................
    all one needs in WAL mode.</p>

    <p>The default setting is synchronous=FULL.</p>

    <p>See also the <a href="pragma.html#pragma_fullfsync">fullfsync</a> and <a href="pragma.html#pragma_checkpoint_fullfsync">checkpoint_fullfsync</a> pragmas.</p>
<a name="pragma_table_info"></a>
<hr>
    <p><b>PRAGMA </b><i>database.</i><b>table_info(</b><i>table-name</i><b>);</b></p>
    <p>This pragma returns one row for each column in the named table.
    Columns in the result set include the column name,
    data type, whether or not the column can be NULL, and the default
    value for the column.  The "pk" column in the result set is zero
    for columns that are not part of the primary key, and is the index of
    the column in the primary key for columns that are part of the primary
    key.</p>
    <p>The table named in the table_info pragma can also be a view.</p>
<a name="pragma_temp_store"></a>
<hr>
    <p><b>PRAGMA temp_store;
        <br>PRAGMA temp_store = </b>
            <i>0 | DEFAULT | 1 | FILE | 2 | MEMORY</i><b>;</b></p>

    <p>Query or change the setting of the "<b>temp_store</b>" parameter.
    When temp_store is DEFAULT (0), the compile-time C preprocessor macro
    <a href="compile.html#temp_store">SQLITE_TEMP_STORE</a> is used to determine where temporary tables and indices
    are stored.  When
    temp_store is MEMORY (2) <a href="inmemorydb.html#temp_db">temporary tables</a> and indices are kept in
................................................................................
        <td align="center"><em>any</em></td>
        <td align="center">memory</td></tr>
    </table>
    </blockquote>
<a name="pragma_temp_store_directory"></a>
<hr>
    <p><b>PRAGMA temp_store_directory;
      <br>PRAGMA temp_store_directory = '</b><i>directory-name</i><b>';</b></p>
    <p>Query or change the value of the <a href="c3ref/temp_directory.html">sqlite3_temp_directory</a> global
    variable, which many operating-system interface backends use to
    determine where to store <a href="inmemorydb.html#temp_db">temporary tables</a> and indices.</p>

    <p>When the temp_store_directory setting is changed, all existing temporary
    tables, indices, triggers, and viewers in the database connection that
    issued the pragma are immediately deleted.  In
................................................................................
    use of this pragma at the earliest opportunity.  This pragma may be omitted
    from the build when SQLite is compiled using <a href="compile.html#omit_deprecated">SQLITE_OMIT_DEPRECATED</a>.
    </p>
  
<a name="pragma_threads"></a>
<hr>
    <p><b>PRAGMA threads;
      <br>PRAGMA threads = </b><i>N</i><b>;</b></p>
    <p>Query or change the value of the 
    <a href="c3ref/limit.html">sqlite3_limit</a>(db,<a href="c3ref/c_limit_attached.html#sqlitelimitworkerthreads">SQLITE_LIMIT_WORKER_THREADS</a>,...) limit for
    the current database connection.  This limit sets an upper bound
    on the number of auxiliary threads that a <a href="c3ref/stmt.html">prepared statement</a> is
    allowed to launch to assist with a query.  The default limit is 0
    unless it is changed using the <a href="compile.html#default_worker_threads">SQLITE_DEFAULT_WORKER_THREADS</a>
    compile-time option.  When the limit is zero, that means no
................................................................................
    This pragma is intended for use when debugging SQLite itself.  It
    is only available when the <a href="compile.html#debug">SQLITE_DEBUG</a> compile-time option
    is used.</p>
  
<a name="pragma_wal_autocheckpoint"></a>
<hr>
    <p><b>PRAGMA wal_autocheckpoint;<br>
          PRAGMA wal_autocheckpoint=</b><i>N</i><b>;</b></p>

    <p>This pragma queries or sets the <a href="wal.html">write-ahead log</a> 
    <a href="wal.html#ckpt">auto-checkpoint</a> interval.
    When the <a href="wal.html">write-ahead log</a> is enabled (via the
    <a href="pragma.html#pragma_journal_mode">journal_mode pragma</a>) a checkpoint will be run automatically whenever
    the write-ahead log equals or exceeds <i>N</i> pages in length.
    Setting the auto-checkpoint size to zero or a negative value
................................................................................
    All automatic checkpoints are <a href="c3ref/wal_checkpoint_v2.html">PASSIVE</a>.</p>

    <p>Autocheckpointing is enabled by default with an interval
    of 1000 or <a href="compile.html#default_wal_autocheckpoint">SQLITE_DEFAULT_WAL_AUTOCHECKPOINT</a>.</p>

<a name="pragma_wal_checkpoint"></a>
<hr>
    <p><b>PRAGMA </b><i>database.</i><b>wal_checkpoint;</b><br>
       <b>PRAGMA </b><i>database.</i><b>wal_checkpoint(PASSIVE);</b><br>
       <b>PRAGMA </b><i>database.</i><b>wal_checkpoint(FULL);</b><br>
       <b>PRAGMA </b><i>database.</i><b>wal_checkpoint(RESTART);</b><br>
       <b>PRAGMA </b><i>database.</i><b>wal_checkpoint(TRUNCATE);</b>
   </p>

    <p>If the <a href="wal.html">write-ahead log</a> is enabled (via the <a href="pragma.html#pragma_journal_mode">journal_mode pragma</a>),
    this pragma causes a <a href="wal.html#ckpt">checkpoint</a> operation to run on database
    <i>database</i>, or on all attached databases if <i>database</i>
    is omitted.  If <a href="wal.html">write-ahead log</a> mode is disabled, this pragma is a
    harmless no-op.</p>
................................................................................
    <a href="c3ref/c_checkpoint_full.html">3rd parameter</a>
    corresponding to the argument:

    <dl>
    <dt>PASSIVE<dd>
      Checkpoint as many frames as possible without waiting for any database 
      readers or writers to finish. Sync the db file if all frames in the log
      are checkpointed. This mode is the same as calling the
      <a href="c3ref/wal_checkpoint.html">sqlite3_wal_checkpoint()</a> C interface. The
      <a href="c3ref/busy_handler.html">busy-handler callback</a> is never invoked in
      this mode.
   
    <dt>FULL<dd>
      This mode blocks 
      (invokes the <a href="c3ref/busy_handler.html">busy-handler callback</a>)
      until there is no
      database writer and all readers are reading from the most recent database
      snapshot. It then checkpoints all frames in the log file and syncs the
      database file. FULL blocks concurrent writers while it is
      running, but readers can proceed.
   
    <dt>RESTART<dd>
      This mode works the same way as FULL with the addition that after 
      checkpointing the log file it blocks (calls the 
      <a href="c3ref/busy_handler.html">busy-handler callback</a>)
      until all readers are finished with the log file. This ensures 
      that the next client to write to the database file restarts the log file 
      from the beginning. RESTART blocks concurrent writers while it is
      running, but allowed readers to proceed.
   
    <dt>TRUNCATE<dd>
      This mode works the same way as RESTART with the 
      addition that the WAL file is truncated to zero bytes upon successful
      completion.
    </dl>


    <p>The wal_checkpoint pragma returns a single row with three
    integer columns.  The first column is usually 0 but will be
    1 if a RESTART or FULL or TRUNCATE checkpoint was blocked from completing,
    for example because another thread or process was actively
    using the database.  In other words, the first column is 0 if the
    equivalent call to <a href="c3ref/wal_checkpoint_v2.html">sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2()</a> would have returned
    <a href="rescode.html#ok">SQLITE_OK</a> or 1 if the equivalent call would have returned <a href="rescode.html#busy">SQLITE_BUSY</a>.
    The second column is the number of modified pages that have been
    written to the write-ahead log file.
    The third column is the number of pages in the write-ahead log file

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<h1 align='center'>alter-table-stmt</h1>
<blockquote>
<img src='../images/syntax/alter-table-stmt.gif'></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./sql-stmt.html'>sql-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./column-def.html'>column-def</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_altertable.html'>lang_altertable.html</a>
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<h1 align='center'>alter-table-stmt</h1>
<blockquote>
<img alt="syntax diagram alter-table-stmt" src="../images/syntax/alter-table-stmt.gif"></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./sql-stmt.html'>sql-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./column-def.html'>column-def</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_altertable.html'>lang_altertable.html</a>
</blockquote>


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<h1 align='center'>analyze-stmt</h1>
<blockquote>
<img src='../images/syntax/analyze-stmt.gif'></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./sql-stmt.html'>sql-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_analyze.html'>lang_analyze.html</a>
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<h1 align='center'>analyze-stmt</h1>
<blockquote>
<img alt="syntax diagram analyze-stmt" src="../images/syntax/analyze-stmt.gif"></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./sql-stmt.html'>sql-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_analyze.html'>lang_analyze.html</a>
</blockquote>


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<h1 align='center'>attach-stmt</h1>
<blockquote>
<img src='../images/syntax/attach-stmt.gif'></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./sql-stmt.html'>sql-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./expr.html'>expr</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_attach.html'>lang_attach.html</a>
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<h1 align='center'>attach-stmt</h1>
<blockquote>
<img alt="syntax diagram attach-stmt" src="../images/syntax/attach-stmt.gif"></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./sql-stmt.html'>sql-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./expr.html'>expr</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_attach.html'>lang_attach.html</a>
</blockquote>


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<h1 align='center'>begin-stmt</h1>
<blockquote>
<img src='../images/syntax/begin-stmt.gif'></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./sql-stmt.html'>sql-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_transaction.html'>lang_transaction.html</a>
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<h1 align='center'>begin-stmt</h1>
<blockquote>
<img alt="syntax diagram begin-stmt" src="../images/syntax/begin-stmt.gif"></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./sql-stmt.html'>sql-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_transaction.html'>lang_transaction.html</a>
</blockquote>


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<h1 align='center'>column-constraint</h1>
<blockquote>
<img src='../images/syntax/column-constraint.gif'></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./column-def.html'>column-def</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./conflict-clause.html'>conflict-clause</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./expr.html'>expr</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./foreign-key-clause.html'>foreign-key-clause</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./literal-value.html'>literal-value</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./signed-number.html'>signed-number</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_altertable.html'>lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtable.html'>lang_createtable.html</a>
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<h1 align='center'>column-constraint</h1>
<blockquote>
<img alt="syntax diagram column-constraint" src="../images/syntax/column-constraint.gif"></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./column-def.html'>column-def</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./conflict-clause.html'>conflict-clause</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./expr.html'>expr</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./foreign-key-clause.html'>foreign-key-clause</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./literal-value.html'>literal-value</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./signed-number.html'>signed-number</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_altertable.html'>lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtable.html'>lang_createtable.html</a>
</blockquote>


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<h1 align='center'>column-def</h1>
<blockquote>
<img src='../images/syntax/column-def.gif'></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./alter-table-stmt.html'>alter-table-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./create-table-stmt.html'>create-table-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./column-constraint.html'>column-constraint</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./type-name.html'>type-name</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_altertable.html'>lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtable.html'>lang_createtable.html</a>
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<blockquote>
<img alt="syntax diagram column-def" src="../images/syntax/column-def.gif"></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./alter-table-stmt.html'>alter-table-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./create-table-stmt.html'>create-table-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./column-constraint.html'>column-constraint</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./type-name.html'>type-name</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_altertable.html'>lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtable.html'>lang_createtable.html</a>
</blockquote>


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<h1 align='center'>comment-syntax</h1>
<blockquote>
<img src='../images/syntax/comment-syntax.gif'></img><br>
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<h1 align='center'>comment-syntax</h1>
<blockquote>
<img alt="syntax diagram comment-syntax" src="../images/syntax/comment-syntax.gif"></img><br>
<br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_comment.html'>lang_comment.html</a>
</blockquote>


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<h1 align='center'>commit-stmt</h1>
<blockquote>
<img src='../images/syntax/commit-stmt.gif'></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./sql-stmt.html'>sql-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_transaction.html'>lang_transaction.html</a>
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<h1 align='center'>commit-stmt</h1>
<blockquote>
<img alt="syntax diagram commit-stmt" src="../images/syntax/commit-stmt.gif"></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./sql-stmt.html'>sql-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_transaction.html'>lang_transaction.html</a>
</blockquote>


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<h1 align='center'>common-table-expression</h1>
<blockquote>
<img src='../images/syntax/common-table-expression.gif'></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./compound-select-stmt.html'>compound-select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./factored-select-stmt.html'>factored-select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./select-stmt.html'>select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./simple-select-stmt.html'>simple-select-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./select-stmt.html'>select-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_altertable.html'>lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_attach.html'>lang_attach.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createindex.html'>lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtable.html'>lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtrigger.html'>lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createview.html'>lang_createview.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_delete.html'>lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_expr.html'>lang_expr.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_insert.html'>lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_select.html'>lang_select.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_update.html'>lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_with.html'>lang_with.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../partialindex.html'>partialindex.html</a>
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<h1 align='center'>common-table-expression</h1>
<blockquote>
<img alt="syntax diagram common-table-expression" src="../images/syntax/common-table-expression.gif"></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./compound-select-stmt.html'>compound-select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./factored-select-stmt.html'>factored-select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./select-stmt.html'>select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./simple-select-stmt.html'>simple-select-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./select-stmt.html'>select-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_altertable.html'>lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_attach.html'>lang_attach.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createindex.html'>lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtable.html'>lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtrigger.html'>lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createview.html'>lang_createview.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_delete.html'>lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_expr.html'>lang_expr.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_insert.html'>lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_select.html'>lang_select.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_update.html'>lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_with.html'>lang_with.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../partialindex.html'>partialindex.html</a>
</blockquote>


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<h1 align='center'>compound-operator</h1>
<blockquote>
<img src='../images/syntax/compound-operator.gif'></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./factored-select-stmt.html'>factored-select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./select-stmt.html'>select-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_altertable.html'>lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_attach.html'>lang_attach.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createindex.html'>lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtable.html'>lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtrigger.html'>lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createview.html'>lang_createview.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_delete.html'>lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_expr.html'>lang_expr.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_insert.html'>lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_select.html'>lang_select.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_update.html'>lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_with.html'>lang_with.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../partialindex.html'>partialindex.html</a>
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<h1 align='center'>compound-operator</h1>
<blockquote>
<img alt="syntax diagram compound-operator" src="../images/syntax/compound-operator.gif"></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./factored-select-stmt.html'>factored-select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./select-stmt.html'>select-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_altertable.html'>lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_attach.html'>lang_attach.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createindex.html'>lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtable.html'>lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtrigger.html'>lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createview.html'>lang_createview.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_delete.html'>lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_expr.html'>lang_expr.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_insert.html'>lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_select.html'>lang_select.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_update.html'>lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_with.html'>lang_with.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../partialindex.html'>partialindex.html</a>
</blockquote>


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<h1 align='center'>compound-select-stmt</h1>
<blockquote>
<img src='../images/syntax/compound-select-stmt.gif'></img><br>
<br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./common-table-expression.html'>common-table-expression</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./expr.html'>expr</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./ordering-term.html'>ordering-term</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./select-core.html'>select-core</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_select.html'>lang_select.html</a>
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<h1 align='center'>compound-select-stmt</h1>
<blockquote>
<img alt="syntax diagram compound-select-stmt" src="../images/syntax/compound-select-stmt.gif"></img><br>
<br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./common-table-expression.html'>common-table-expression</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./expr.html'>expr</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./ordering-term.html'>ordering-term</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./select-core.html'>select-core</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_select.html'>lang_select.html</a>
</blockquote>


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<h1 align='center'>conflict-clause</h1>
<blockquote>
<img src='../images/syntax/conflict-clause.gif'></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./column-constraint.html'>column-constraint</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./table-constraint.html'>table-constraint</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_altertable.html'>lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_conflict.html'>lang_conflict.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtable.html'>lang_createtable.html</a>
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<h1 align='center'>conflict-clause</h1>
<blockquote>
<img alt="syntax diagram conflict-clause" src="../images/syntax/conflict-clause.gif"></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./column-constraint.html'>column-constraint</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./table-constraint.html'>table-constraint</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_altertable.html'>lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_conflict.html'>lang_conflict.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtable.html'>lang_createtable.html</a>
</blockquote>


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<h1 align='center'>create-index-stmt</h1>
<blockquote>
<img src='../images/syntax/create-index-stmt.gif'></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./sql-stmt.html'>sql-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./expr.html'>expr</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./indexed-column.html'>indexed-column</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createindex.html'>lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../partialindex.html'>partialindex.html</a>
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<h1 align='center'>create-index-stmt</h1>
<blockquote>
<img alt="syntax diagram create-index-stmt" src="../images/syntax/create-index-stmt.gif"></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./sql-stmt.html'>sql-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./expr.html'>expr</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./indexed-column.html'>indexed-column</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createindex.html'>lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../partialindex.html'>partialindex.html</a>
</blockquote>


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<h1 align='center'>create-table-stmt</h1>
<blockquote>
<img src='../images/syntax/create-table-stmt.gif'></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./sql-stmt.html'>sql-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./column-def.html'>column-def</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./select-stmt.html'>select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./table-constraint.html'>table-constraint</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtable.html'>lang_createtable.html</a>
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<h1 align='center'>create-table-stmt</h1>
<blockquote>
<img alt="syntax diagram create-table-stmt" src="../images/syntax/create-table-stmt.gif"></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./sql-stmt.html'>sql-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./column-def.html'>column-def</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./select-stmt.html'>select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./table-constraint.html'>table-constraint</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtable.html'>lang_createtable.html</a>
</blockquote>


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<h1 align='center'>create-trigger-stmt</h1>
<blockquote>
<img src='../images/syntax/create-trigger-stmt.gif'></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./sql-stmt.html'>sql-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./delete-stmt.html'>delete-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./expr.html'>expr</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./insert-stmt.html'>insert-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./select-stmt.html'>select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./update-stmt.html'>update-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtrigger.html'>lang_createtrigger.html</a>
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<h1 align='center'>create-trigger-stmt</h1>
<blockquote>
<img alt="syntax diagram create-trigger-stmt" src="../images/syntax/create-trigger-stmt.gif"></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./sql-stmt.html'>sql-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./delete-stmt.html'>delete-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./expr.html'>expr</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./insert-stmt.html'>insert-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./select-stmt.html'>select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./update-stmt.html'>update-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtrigger.html'>lang_createtrigger.html</a>
</blockquote>


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<h1 align='center'>create-view-stmt</h1>
<blockquote>
<img src='../images/syntax/create-view-stmt.gif'></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./sql-stmt.html'>sql-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./select-stmt.html'>select-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createview.html'>lang_createview.html</a>
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<h1 align='center'>create-view-stmt</h1>
<blockquote>
<img alt="syntax diagram create-view-stmt" src="../images/syntax/create-view-stmt.gif"></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./sql-stmt.html'>sql-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./select-stmt.html'>select-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createview.html'>lang_createview.html</a>
</blockquote>


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<h1 align='center'>create-virtual-table-stmt</h1>
<blockquote>
<img src='../images/syntax/create-virtual-table-stmt.gif'></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./sql-stmt.html'>sql-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createvtab.html'>lang_createvtab.html</a>
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<h1 align='center'>create-virtual-table-stmt</h1>
<blockquote>
<img alt="syntax diagram create-virtual-table-stmt" src="../images/syntax/create-virtual-table-stmt.gif"></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./sql-stmt.html'>sql-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createvtab.html'>lang_createvtab.html</a>
</blockquote>


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<h1 align='center'>cte-table-name</h1>
<blockquote>
<img src='../images/syntax/cte-table-name.gif'></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./recursive-cte.html'>recursive-cte</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./with-clause.html'>with-clause</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtrigger.html'>lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_delete.html'>lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_insert.html'>lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_update.html'>lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_with.html'>lang_with.html</a>
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<h1 align='center'>cte-table-name</h1>
<blockquote>
<img alt="syntax diagram cte-table-name" src="../images/syntax/cte-table-name.gif"></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./recursive-cte.html'>recursive-cte</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./with-clause.html'>with-clause</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtrigger.html'>lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_delete.html'>lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_insert.html'>lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_update.html'>lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_with.html'>lang_with.html</a>
</blockquote>


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<h1 align='center'>delete-stmt-limited</h1>
<blockquote>
<img src='../images/syntax/delete-stmt-limited.gif'></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./sql-stmt.html'>sql-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./expr.html'>expr</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./ordering-term.html'>ordering-term</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./qualified-table-name.html'>qualified-table-name</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./with-clause.html'>with-clause</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_delete.html'>lang_delete.html</a>
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<h1 align='center'>delete-stmt-limited</h1>
<blockquote>
<img alt="syntax diagram delete-stmt-limited" src="../images/syntax/delete-stmt-limited.gif"></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./sql-stmt.html'>sql-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./expr.html'>expr</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./ordering-term.html'>ordering-term</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./qualified-table-name.html'>qualified-table-name</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./with-clause.html'>with-clause</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_delete.html'>lang_delete.html</a>
</blockquote>


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<h1 align='center'>delete-stmt</h1>
<blockquote>
<img src='../images/syntax/delete-stmt.gif'></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./create-trigger-stmt.html'>create-trigger-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./sql-stmt.html'>sql-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./expr.html'>expr</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./qualified-table-name.html'>qualified-table-name</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./with-clause.html'>with-clause</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtrigger.html'>lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_delete.html'>lang_delete.html</a>
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<h1 align='center'>delete-stmt</h1>
<blockquote>
<img alt="syntax diagram delete-stmt" src="../images/syntax/delete-stmt.gif"></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./create-trigger-stmt.html'>create-trigger-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./sql-stmt.html'>sql-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./expr.html'>expr</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./qualified-table-name.html'>qualified-table-name</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./with-clause.html'>with-clause</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtrigger.html'>lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_delete.html'>lang_delete.html</a>
</blockquote>


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<h1 align='center'>detach-stmt</h1>
<blockquote>
<img src='../images/syntax/detach-stmt.gif'></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./sql-stmt.html'>sql-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_detach.html'>lang_detach.html</a>
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<h1 align='center'>detach-stmt</h1>
<blockquote>
<img alt="syntax diagram detach-stmt" src="../images/syntax/detach-stmt.gif"></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./sql-stmt.html'>sql-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_detach.html'>lang_detach.html</a>
</blockquote>


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<h1 align='center'>drop-index-stmt</h1>
<blockquote>
<img src='../images/syntax/drop-index-stmt.gif'></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./sql-stmt.html'>sql-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_dropindex.html'>lang_dropindex.html</a>
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<h1 align='center'>drop-index-stmt</h1>
<blockquote>
<img alt="syntax diagram drop-index-stmt" src="../images/syntax/drop-index-stmt.gif"></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./sql-stmt.html'>sql-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_dropindex.html'>lang_dropindex.html</a>
</blockquote>


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<h1 align='center'>drop-table-stmt</h1>
<blockquote>
<img src='../images/syntax/drop-table-stmt.gif'></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./sql-stmt.html'>sql-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_droptable.html'>lang_droptable.html</a>
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<h1 align='center'>drop-table-stmt</h1>
<blockquote>
<img alt="syntax diagram drop-table-stmt" src="../images/syntax/drop-table-stmt.gif"></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./sql-stmt.html'>sql-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_droptable.html'>lang_droptable.html</a>
</blockquote>


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<h1 align='center'>drop-trigger-stmt</h1>
<blockquote>
<img src='../images/syntax/drop-trigger-stmt.gif'></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./sql-stmt.html'>sql-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_droptrigger.html'>lang_droptrigger.html</a>
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<h1 align='center'>drop-trigger-stmt</h1>
<blockquote>
<img alt="syntax diagram drop-trigger-stmt" src="../images/syntax/drop-trigger-stmt.gif"></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./sql-stmt.html'>sql-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_droptrigger.html'>lang_droptrigger.html</a>
</blockquote>


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<h1 align='center'>drop-view-stmt</h1>
<blockquote>
<img src='../images/syntax/drop-view-stmt.gif'></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./sql-stmt.html'>sql-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_dropview.html'>lang_dropview.html</a>
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<h1 align='center'>drop-view-stmt</h1>
<blockquote>
<img alt="syntax diagram drop-view-stmt" src="../images/syntax/drop-view-stmt.gif"></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./sql-stmt.html'>sql-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_dropview.html'>lang_dropview.html</a>
</blockquote>


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<h1 align='center'>expr</h1>
<blockquote>
<img src='../images/syntax/expr.gif'></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./attach-stmt.html'>attach-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./column-constraint.html'>column-constraint</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./compound-select-stmt.html'>compound-select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./create-index-stmt.html'>create-index-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./create-trigger-stmt.html'>create-trigger-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./delete-stmt.html'>delete-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./delete-stmt-limited.html'>delete-stmt-limited</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./factored-select-stmt.html'>factored-select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./insert-stmt.html'>insert-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./join-constraint.html'>join-constraint</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./ordering-term.html'>ordering-term</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./result-column.html'>result-column</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./select-core.html'>select-core</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./select-stmt.html'>select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./simple-select-stmt.html'>simple-select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./table-constraint.html'>table-constraint</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./update-stmt.html'>update-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./update-stmt-limited.html'>update-stmt-limited</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./literal-value.html'>literal-value</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./raise-function.html'>raise-function</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./select-stmt.html'>select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./type-name.html'>type-name</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_altertable.html'>lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_attach.html'>lang_attach.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createindex.html'>lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtable.html'>lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtrigger.html'>lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createview.html'>lang_createview.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_delete.html'>lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_expr.html'>lang_expr.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_insert.html'>lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_select.html'>lang_select.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_update.html'>lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_with.html'>lang_with.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../partialindex.html'>partialindex.html</a>
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<h1 align='center'>expr</h1>
<blockquote>
<img alt="syntax diagram expr" src="../images/syntax/expr.gif"></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./attach-stmt.html'>attach-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./column-constraint.html'>column-constraint</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./compound-select-stmt.html'>compound-select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./create-index-stmt.html'>create-index-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./create-trigger-stmt.html'>create-trigger-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./delete-stmt.html'>delete-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./delete-stmt-limited.html'>delete-stmt-limited</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./factored-select-stmt.html'>factored-select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./insert-stmt.html'>insert-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./join-constraint.html'>join-constraint</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./ordering-term.html'>ordering-term</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./result-column.html'>result-column</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./select-core.html'>select-core</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./select-stmt.html'>select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./simple-select-stmt.html'>simple-select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./table-constraint.html'>table-constraint</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./update-stmt.html'>update-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./update-stmt-limited.html'>update-stmt-limited</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./literal-value.html'>literal-value</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./raise-function.html'>raise-function</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./select-stmt.html'>select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./type-name.html'>type-name</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_altertable.html'>lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_attach.html'>lang_attach.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createindex.html'>lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtable.html'>lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtrigger.html'>lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createview.html'>lang_createview.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_delete.html'>lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_expr.html'>lang_expr.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_insert.html'>lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_select.html'>lang_select.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_update.html'>lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_with.html'>lang_with.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../partialindex.html'>partialindex.html</a>
</blockquote>


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<h1 align='center'>factored-select-stmt</h1>
<blockquote>
<img src='../images/syntax/factored-select-stmt.gif'></img><br>
<br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./common-table-expression.html'>common-table-expression</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./compound-operator.html'>compound-operator</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./expr.html'>expr</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./ordering-term.html'>ordering-term</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./select-core.html'>select-core</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_select.html'>lang_select.html</a>
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<h1 align='center'>factored-select-stmt</h1>
<blockquote>
<img alt="syntax diagram factored-select-stmt" src="../images/syntax/factored-select-stmt.gif"></img><br>
<br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./common-table-expression.html'>common-table-expression</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./compound-operator.html'>compound-operator</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./expr.html'>expr</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./ordering-term.html'>ordering-term</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./select-core.html'>select-core</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_select.html'>lang_select.html</a>
</blockquote>


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<h1 align='center'>foreign-key-clause</h1>
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<img src='../images/syntax/foreign-key-clause.gif'></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./column-constraint.html'>column-constraint</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./table-constraint.html'>table-constraint</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_altertable.html'>lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtable.html'>lang_createtable.html</a>
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<h1 align='center'>foreign-key-clause</h1>
<blockquote>
<img alt="syntax diagram foreign-key-clause" src="../images/syntax/foreign-key-clause.gif"></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./column-constraint.html'>column-constraint</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./table-constraint.html'>table-constraint</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_altertable.html'>lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtable.html'>lang_createtable.html</a>
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<h1 align='center'>indexed-column</h1>
<blockquote>
<img src='../images/syntax/indexed-column.gif'></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./create-index-stmt.html'>create-index-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./table-constraint.html'>table-constraint</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createindex.html'>lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtable.html'>lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../partialindex.html'>partialindex.html</a>
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<h1 align='center'>indexed-column</h1>
<blockquote>
<img alt="syntax diagram indexed-column" src="../images/syntax/indexed-column.gif"></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./create-index-stmt.html'>create-index-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./table-constraint.html'>table-constraint</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createindex.html'>lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtable.html'>lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../partialindex.html'>partialindex.html</a>
</blockquote>


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<h1 align='center'>insert-stmt</h1>
<blockquote>
<img src='../images/syntax/insert-stmt.gif'></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./create-trigger-stmt.html'>create-trigger-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./sql-stmt.html'>sql-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./expr.html'>expr</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./select-stmt.html'>select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./with-clause.html'>with-clause</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtrigger.html'>lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_insert.html'>lang_insert.html</a>
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<h1 align='center'>insert-stmt</h1>
<blockquote>
<img alt="syntax diagram insert-stmt" src="../images/syntax/insert-stmt.gif"></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./create-trigger-stmt.html'>create-trigger-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./sql-stmt.html'>sql-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./expr.html'>expr</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./select-stmt.html'>select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./with-clause.html'>with-clause</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtrigger.html'>lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_insert.html'>lang_insert.html</a>
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<h1 align='center'>join-clause</h1>
<blockquote>
<img src='../images/syntax/join-clause.gif'></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./select-core.html'>select-core</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./select-stmt.html'>select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./table-or-subquery.html'>table-or-subquery</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./join-constraint.html'>join-constraint</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./join-operator.html'>join-operator</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./table-or-subquery.html'>table-or-subquery</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_altertable.html'>lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_attach.html'>lang_attach.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createindex.html'>lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtable.html'>lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtrigger.html'>lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createview.html'>lang_createview.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_delete.html'>lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_expr.html'>lang_expr.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_insert.html'>lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_select.html'>lang_select.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_update.html'>lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_with.html'>lang_with.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../partialindex.html'>partialindex.html</a>
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<h1 align='center'>join-clause</h1>
<blockquote>
<img alt="syntax diagram join-clause" src="../images/syntax/join-clause.gif"></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./select-core.html'>select-core</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./select-stmt.html'>select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./table-or-subquery.html'>table-or-subquery</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./join-constraint.html'>join-constraint</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./join-operator.html'>join-operator</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./table-or-subquery.html'>table-or-subquery</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_altertable.html'>lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_attach.html'>lang_attach.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createindex.html'>lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtable.html'>lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtrigger.html'>lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createview.html'>lang_createview.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_delete.html'>lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_expr.html'>lang_expr.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_insert.html'>lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_select.html'>lang_select.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_update.html'>lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_with.html'>lang_with.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../partialindex.html'>partialindex.html</a>
</blockquote>


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<h1 align='center'>join-constraint</h1>
<blockquote>
<img src='../images/syntax/join-constraint.gif'></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./join-clause.html'>join-clause</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./expr.html'>expr</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_altertable.html'>lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_attach.html'>lang_attach.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createindex.html'>lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtable.html'>lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtrigger.html'>lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createview.html'>lang_createview.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_delete.html'>lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_expr.html'>lang_expr.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_insert.html'>lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_select.html'>lang_select.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_update.html'>lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_with.html'>lang_with.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../partialindex.html'>partialindex.html</a>
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<h1 align='center'>join-constraint</h1>
<blockquote>
<img alt="syntax diagram join-constraint" src="../images/syntax/join-constraint.gif"></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./join-clause.html'>join-clause</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./expr.html'>expr</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_altertable.html'>lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_attach.html'>lang_attach.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createindex.html'>lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtable.html'>lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtrigger.html'>lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createview.html'>lang_createview.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_delete.html'>lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_expr.html'>lang_expr.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_insert.html'>lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_select.html'>lang_select.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_update.html'>lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_with.html'>lang_with.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../partialindex.html'>partialindex.html</a>
</blockquote>


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<h1 align='center'>join-operator</h1>
<blockquote>
<img src='../images/syntax/join-operator.gif'></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./join-clause.html'>join-clause</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_altertable.html'>lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_attach.html'>lang_attach.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createindex.html'>lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtable.html'>lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtrigger.html'>lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createview.html'>lang_createview.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_delete.html'>lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_expr.html'>lang_expr.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_insert.html'>lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_select.html'>lang_select.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_update.html'>lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_with.html'>lang_with.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../partialindex.html'>partialindex.html</a>
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<h1 align='center'>join-operator</h1>
<blockquote>
<img alt="syntax diagram join-operator" src="../images/syntax/join-operator.gif"></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./join-clause.html'>join-clause</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_altertable.html'>lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_attach.html'>lang_attach.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createindex.html'>lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtable.html'>lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtrigger.html'>lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createview.html'>lang_createview.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_delete.html'>lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_expr.html'>lang_expr.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_insert.html'>lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_select.html'>lang_select.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_update.html'>lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_with.html'>lang_with.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../partialindex.html'>partialindex.html</a>
</blockquote>


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<h1 align='center'>literal-value</h1>
<blockquote>
<img src='../images/syntax/literal-value.gif'></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./column-constraint.html'>column-constraint</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./expr.html'>expr</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_altertable.html'>lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_attach.html'>lang_attach.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createindex.html'>lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtable.html'>lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtrigger.html'>lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createview.html'>lang_createview.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_delete.html'>lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_expr.html'>lang_expr.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_insert.html'>lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_select.html'>lang_select.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_update.html'>lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_with.html'>lang_with.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../partialindex.html'>partialindex.html</a>
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<h1 align='center'>literal-value</h1>
<blockquote>
<img alt="syntax diagram literal-value" src="../images/syntax/literal-value.gif"></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./column-constraint.html'>column-constraint</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./expr.html'>expr</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_altertable.html'>lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_attach.html'>lang_attach.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createindex.html'>lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtable.html'>lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtrigger.html'>lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createview.html'>lang_createview.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_delete.html'>lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_expr.html'>lang_expr.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_insert.html'>lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_select.html'>lang_select.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_update.html'>lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_with.html'>lang_with.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../partialindex.html'>partialindex.html</a>
</blockquote>


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<h1 align='center'>numeric-literal</h1>
<blockquote>
<img src='../images/syntax/numeric-literal.gif'></img><br>
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See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_expr.html'>lang_expr.html</a>
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<h1 align='center'>numeric-literal</h1>
<blockquote>
<img alt="syntax diagram numeric-literal" src="../images/syntax/numeric-literal.gif"></img><br>
<br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_expr.html'>lang_expr.html</a>
</blockquote>


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<h1 align='center'>ordering-term</h1>
<blockquote>
<img src='../images/syntax/ordering-term.gif'></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./compound-select-stmt.html'>compound-select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./delete-stmt-limited.html'>delete-stmt-limited</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./factored-select-stmt.html'>factored-select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./select-stmt.html'>select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./simple-select-stmt.html'>simple-select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./update-stmt-limited.html'>update-stmt-limited</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./expr.html'>expr</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_altertable.html'>lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_attach.html'>lang_attach.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createindex.html'>lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtable.html'>lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtrigger.html'>lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createview.html'>lang_createview.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_delete.html'>lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_expr.html'>lang_expr.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_insert.html'>lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_select.html'>lang_select.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_update.html'>lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_with.html'>lang_with.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../partialindex.html'>partialindex.html</a>
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<h1 align='center'>ordering-term</h1>
<blockquote>
<img alt="syntax diagram ordering-term" src="../images/syntax/ordering-term.gif"></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./compound-select-stmt.html'>compound-select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./delete-stmt-limited.html'>delete-stmt-limited</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./factored-select-stmt.html'>factored-select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./select-stmt.html'>select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./simple-select-stmt.html'>simple-select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./update-stmt-limited.html'>update-stmt-limited</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./expr.html'>expr</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_altertable.html'>lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_attach.html'>lang_attach.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createindex.html'>lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtable.html'>lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtrigger.html'>lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createview.html'>lang_createview.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_delete.html'>lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_expr.html'>lang_expr.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_insert.html'>lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_select.html'>lang_select.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_update.html'>lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_with.html'>lang_with.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../partialindex.html'>partialindex.html</a>
</blockquote>


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<h1 align='center'>pragma-stmt</h1>
<blockquote>
<img src='../images/syntax/pragma-stmt.gif'></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./sql-stmt.html'>sql-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./pragma-value.html'>pragma-value</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../pragma.html'>pragma.html</a>
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<h1 align='center'>pragma-stmt</h1>
<blockquote>
<img alt="syntax diagram pragma-stmt" src="../images/syntax/pragma-stmt.gif"></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./sql-stmt.html'>sql-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./pragma-value.html'>pragma-value</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../pragma.html'>pragma.html</a>
</blockquote>


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<h1 align='center'>pragma-value</h1>
<blockquote>
<img src='../images/syntax/pragma-value.gif'></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./pragma-stmt.html'>pragma-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./signed-number.html'>signed-number</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../pragma.html'>pragma.html</a>
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<h1 align='center'>pragma-value</h1>
<blockquote>
<img alt="syntax diagram pragma-value" src="../images/syntax/pragma-value.gif"></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./pragma-stmt.html'>pragma-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./signed-number.html'>signed-number</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../pragma.html'>pragma.html</a>
</blockquote>


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<h1 align='center'>qualified-table-name</h1>
<blockquote>
<img src='../images/syntax/qualified-table-name.gif'></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./delete-stmt.html'>delete-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./delete-stmt-limited.html'>delete-stmt-limited</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./update-stmt.html'>update-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./update-stmt-limited.html'>update-stmt-limited</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtrigger.html'>lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_delete.html'>lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_indexedby.html'>lang_indexedby.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_update.html'>lang_update.html</a>
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<h1 align='center'>qualified-table-name</h1>
<blockquote>
<img alt="syntax diagram qualified-table-name" src="../images/syntax/qualified-table-name.gif"></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./delete-stmt.html'>delete-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./delete-stmt-limited.html'>delete-stmt-limited</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./update-stmt.html'>update-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./update-stmt-limited.html'>update-stmt-limited</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtrigger.html'>lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_delete.html'>lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_indexedby.html'>lang_indexedby.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_update.html'>lang_update.html</a>
</blockquote>


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<h1 align='center'>raise-function</h1>
<blockquote>
<img src='../images/syntax/raise-function.gif'></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./expr.html'>expr</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_altertable.html'>lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_attach.html'>lang_attach.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createindex.html'>lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtable.html'>lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtrigger.html'>lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createview.html'>lang_createview.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_delete.html'>lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_expr.html'>lang_expr.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_insert.html'>lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_select.html'>lang_select.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_update.html'>lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_with.html'>lang_with.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../partialindex.html'>partialindex.html</a>
</blockquote>









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<h1 align='center'>raise-function</h1>
<blockquote>
<img alt="syntax diagram raise-function" src="../images/syntax/raise-function.gif"></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./expr.html'>expr</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_altertable.html'>lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_attach.html'>lang_attach.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createindex.html'>lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtable.html'>lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtrigger.html'>lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createview.html'>lang_createview.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_delete.html'>lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_expr.html'>lang_expr.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_insert.html'>lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_select.html'>lang_select.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_update.html'>lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_with.html'>lang_with.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../partialindex.html'>partialindex.html</a>
</blockquote>


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<h1 align='center'>recursive-cte</h1>
<blockquote>
<img src='../images/syntax/recursive-cte.gif'></img><br>
<br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./cte-table-name.html'>cte-table-name</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_with.html'>lang_with.html</a>
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<h1 align='center'>recursive-cte</h1>
<blockquote>
<img alt="syntax diagram recursive-cte" src="../images/syntax/recursive-cte.gif"></img><br>
<br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./cte-table-name.html'>cte-table-name</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_with.html'>lang_with.html</a>
</blockquote>


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<h1 align='center'>reindex-stmt</h1>
<blockquote>
<img src='../images/syntax/reindex-stmt.gif'></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./sql-stmt.html'>sql-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_reindex.html'>lang_reindex.html</a>
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<h1 align='center'>reindex-stmt</h1>
<blockquote>
<img alt="syntax diagram reindex-stmt" src="../images/syntax/reindex-stmt.gif"></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./sql-stmt.html'>sql-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_reindex.html'>lang_reindex.html</a>
</blockquote>


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<h1 align='center'>release-stmt</h1>
<blockquote>
<img src='../images/syntax/release-stmt.gif'></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./sql-stmt.html'>sql-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_savepoint.html'>lang_savepoint.html</a>
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<h1 align='center'>release-stmt</h1>
<blockquote>
<img alt="syntax diagram release-stmt" src="../images/syntax/release-stmt.gif"></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./sql-stmt.html'>sql-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_savepoint.html'>lang_savepoint.html</a>
</blockquote>


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<h1 align='center'>result-column</h1>
<blockquote>
<img src='../images/syntax/result-column.gif'></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./select-core.html'>select-core</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./select-stmt.html'>select-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./expr.html'>expr</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_altertable.html'>lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_attach.html'>lang_attach.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createindex.html'>lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtable.html'>lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtrigger.html'>lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createview.html'>lang_createview.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_delete.html'>lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_expr.html'>lang_expr.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_insert.html'>lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_select.html'>lang_select.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_update.html'>lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_with.html'>lang_with.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../partialindex.html'>partialindex.html</a>
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<h1 align='center'>result-column</h1>
<blockquote>
<img alt="syntax diagram result-column" src="../images/syntax/result-column.gif"></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./select-core.html'>select-core</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./select-stmt.html'>select-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./expr.html'>expr</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_altertable.html'>lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_attach.html'>lang_attach.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createindex.html'>lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtable.html'>lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtrigger.html'>lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createview.html'>lang_createview.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_delete.html'>lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_expr.html'>lang_expr.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_insert.html'>lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_select.html'>lang_select.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_update.html'>lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_with.html'>lang_with.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../partialindex.html'>partialindex.html</a>
</blockquote>


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<h1 align='center'>rollback-stmt</h1>
<blockquote>
<img src='../images/syntax/rollback-stmt.gif'></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./sql-stmt.html'>sql-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_savepoint.html'>lang_savepoint.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_transaction.html'>lang_transaction.html</a>
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<h1 align='center'>rollback-stmt</h1>
<blockquote>
<img alt="syntax diagram rollback-stmt" src="../images/syntax/rollback-stmt.gif"></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./sql-stmt.html'>sql-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_savepoint.html'>lang_savepoint.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_transaction.html'>lang_transaction.html</a>
</blockquote>


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<h1 align='center'>savepoint-stmt</h1>
<blockquote>
<img src='../images/syntax/savepoint-stmt.gif'></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./sql-stmt.html'>sql-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_savepoint.html'>lang_savepoint.html</a>
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<h1 align='center'>savepoint-stmt</h1>
<blockquote>
<img alt="syntax diagram savepoint-stmt" src="../images/syntax/savepoint-stmt.gif"></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./sql-stmt.html'>sql-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_savepoint.html'>lang_savepoint.html</a>
</blockquote>


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<h1 align='center'>select-core</h1>
<blockquote>
<img src='../images/syntax/select-core.gif'></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./compound-select-stmt.html'>compound-select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./factored-select-stmt.html'>factored-select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./simple-select-stmt.html'>simple-select-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./expr.html'>expr</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./join-clause.html'>join-clause</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./result-column.html'>result-column</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./table-or-subquery.html'>table-or-subquery</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_select.html'>lang_select.html</a>
</blockquote>









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<h1 align='center'>select-core</h1>
<blockquote>
<img alt="syntax diagram select-core" src="../images/syntax/select-core.gif"></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./compound-select-stmt.html'>compound-select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./factored-select-stmt.html'>factored-select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./simple-select-stmt.html'>simple-select-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./expr.html'>expr</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./join-clause.html'>join-clause</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./result-column.html'>result-column</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./table-or-subquery.html'>table-or-subquery</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_select.html'>lang_select.html</a>
</blockquote>


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<h1 align='center'>select-stmt</h1>
<blockquote>
<img src='../images/syntax/select-stmt.gif'></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./common-table-expression.html'>common-table-expression</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./create-table-stmt.html'>create-table-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./create-trigger-stmt.html'>create-trigger-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./create-view-stmt.html'>create-view-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./expr.html'>expr</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./insert-stmt.html'>insert-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./sql-stmt.html'>sql-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./table-or-subquery.html'>table-or-subquery</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./with-clause.html'>with-clause</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./common-table-expression.html'>common-table-expression</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./compound-operator.html'>compound-operator</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./expr.html'>expr</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./join-clause.html'>join-clause</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./ordering-term.html'>ordering-term</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./result-column.html'>result-column</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./table-or-subquery.html'>table-or-subquery</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_altertable.html'>lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_attach.html'>lang_attach.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createindex.html'>lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtable.html'>lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtrigger.html'>lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createview.html'>lang_createview.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_delete.html'>lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_expr.html'>lang_expr.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_insert.html'>lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_select.html'>lang_select.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_update.html'>lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_with.html'>lang_with.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../partialindex.html'>partialindex.html</a>
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<h1 align='center'>select-stmt</h1>
<blockquote>
<img alt="syntax diagram select-stmt" src="../images/syntax/select-stmt.gif"></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./common-table-expression.html'>common-table-expression</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./create-table-stmt.html'>create-table-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./create-trigger-stmt.html'>create-trigger-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./create-view-stmt.html'>create-view-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./expr.html'>expr</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./insert-stmt.html'>insert-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./sql-stmt.html'>sql-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./table-or-subquery.html'>table-or-subquery</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./with-clause.html'>with-clause</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./common-table-expression.html'>common-table-expression</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./compound-operator.html'>compound-operator</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./expr.html'>expr</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./join-clause.html'>join-clause</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./ordering-term.html'>ordering-term</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./result-column.html'>result-column</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./table-or-subquery.html'>table-or-subquery</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_altertable.html'>lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_attach.html'>lang_attach.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createindex.html'>lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtable.html'>lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtrigger.html'>lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createview.html'>lang_createview.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_delete.html'>lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_expr.html'>lang_expr.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_insert.html'>lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_select.html'>lang_select.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_update.html'>lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_with.html'>lang_with.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../partialindex.html'>partialindex.html</a>
</blockquote>


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<h1 align='center'>signed-number</h1>
<blockquote>
<img src='../images/syntax/signed-number.gif'></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./column-constraint.html'>column-constraint</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./pragma-value.html'>pragma-value</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./type-name.html'>type-name</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_altertable.html'>lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_attach.html'>lang_attach.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createindex.html'>lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtable.html'>lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtrigger.html'>lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createview.html'>lang_createview.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_delete.html'>lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_expr.html'>lang_expr.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_insert.html'>lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_select.html'>lang_select.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_update.html'>lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_with.html'>lang_with.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../partialindex.html'>partialindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../pragma.html'>pragma.html</a>
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<h1 align='center'>signed-number</h1>
<blockquote>
<img alt="syntax diagram signed-number" src="../images/syntax/signed-number.gif"></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./column-constraint.html'>column-constraint</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./pragma-value.html'>pragma-value</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./type-name.html'>type-name</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_altertable.html'>lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_attach.html'>lang_attach.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createindex.html'>lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtable.html'>lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtrigger.html'>lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createview.html'>lang_createview.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_delete.html'>lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_expr.html'>lang_expr.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_insert.html'>lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_select.html'>lang_select.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_update.html'>lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_with.html'>lang_with.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../partialindex.html'>partialindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../pragma.html'>pragma.html</a>
</blockquote>


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<h1 align='center'>simple-select-stmt</h1>
<blockquote>
<img src='../images/syntax/simple-select-stmt.gif'></img><br>
<br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./common-table-expression.html'>common-table-expression</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./expr.html'>expr</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./ordering-term.html'>ordering-term</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./select-core.html'>select-core</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_select.html'>lang_select.html</a>
</blockquote>









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<h1 align='center'>simple-select-stmt</h1>
<blockquote>
<img alt="syntax diagram simple-select-stmt" src="../images/syntax/simple-select-stmt.gif"></img><br>
<br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./common-table-expression.html'>common-table-expression</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./expr.html'>expr</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./ordering-term.html'>ordering-term</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./select-core.html'>select-core</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_select.html'>lang_select.html</a>
</blockquote>


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<h1 align='center'>sql-stmt-list</h1>
<blockquote>
<img src='../images/syntax/sql-stmt-list.gif'></img><br>
<br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./sql-stmt.html'>sql-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang.html'>lang.html</a>
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<h1 align='center'>sql-stmt-list</h1>
<blockquote>
<img alt="syntax diagram sql-stmt-list" src="../images/syntax/sql-stmt-list.gif"></img><br>
<br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./sql-stmt.html'>sql-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang.html'>lang.html</a>
</blockquote>


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<h1 align='center'>sql-stmt</h1>
<blockquote>
<img src='../images/syntax/sql-stmt.gif'></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./sql-stmt-list.html'>sql-stmt-list</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./alter-table-stmt.html'>alter-table-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./analyze-stmt.html'>analyze-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./attach-stmt.html'>attach-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./begin-stmt.html'>begin-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./commit-stmt.html'>commit-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./create-index-stmt.html'>create-index-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./create-table-stmt.html'>create-table-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./create-trigger-stmt.html'>create-trigger-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./create-view-stmt.html'>create-view-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./create-virtual-table-stmt.html'>create-virtual-table-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./delete-stmt.html'>delete-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./delete-stmt-limited.html'>delete-stmt-limited</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./detach-stmt.html'>detach-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./drop-index-stmt.html'>drop-index-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./drop-table-stmt.html'>drop-table-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./drop-trigger-stmt.html'>drop-trigger-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./drop-view-stmt.html'>drop-view-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./insert-stmt.html'>insert-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./pragma-stmt.html'>pragma-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./reindex-stmt.html'>reindex-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./release-stmt.html'>release-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./rollback-stmt.html'>rollback-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./savepoint-stmt.html'>savepoint-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./select-stmt.html'>select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./update-stmt.html'>update-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./update-stmt-limited.html'>update-stmt-limited</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./vacuum-stmt.html'>vacuum-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang.html'>lang.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_explain.html'>lang_explain.html</a>
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<h1 align='center'>sql-stmt</h1>
<blockquote>
<img alt="syntax diagram sql-stmt" src="../images/syntax/sql-stmt.gif"></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./sql-stmt-list.html'>sql-stmt-list</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./alter-table-stmt.html'>alter-table-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./analyze-stmt.html'>analyze-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./attach-stmt.html'>attach-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./begin-stmt.html'>begin-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./commit-stmt.html'>commit-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./create-index-stmt.html'>create-index-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./create-table-stmt.html'>create-table-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./create-trigger-stmt.html'>create-trigger-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./create-view-stmt.html'>create-view-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./create-virtual-table-stmt.html'>create-virtual-table-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./delete-stmt.html'>delete-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./delete-stmt-limited.html'>delete-stmt-limited</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./detach-stmt.html'>detach-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./drop-index-stmt.html'>drop-index-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./drop-table-stmt.html'>drop-table-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./drop-trigger-stmt.html'>drop-trigger-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./drop-view-stmt.html'>drop-view-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./insert-stmt.html'>insert-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./pragma-stmt.html'>pragma-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./reindex-stmt.html'>reindex-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./release-stmt.html'>release-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./rollback-stmt.html'>rollback-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./savepoint-stmt.html'>savepoint-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./select-stmt.html'>select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./update-stmt.html'>update-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./update-stmt-limited.html'>update-stmt-limited</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./vacuum-stmt.html'>vacuum-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang.html'>lang.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_explain.html'>lang_explain.html</a>
</blockquote>


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<h1 align='center'>table-constraint</h1>
<blockquote>
<img src='../images/syntax/table-constraint.gif'></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./create-table-stmt.html'>create-table-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./conflict-clause.html'>conflict-clause</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./expr.html'>expr</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./foreign-key-clause.html'>foreign-key-clause</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./indexed-column.html'>indexed-column</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtable.html'>lang_createtable.html</a>
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<h1 align='center'>table-constraint</h1>
<blockquote>
<img alt="syntax diagram table-constraint" src="../images/syntax/table-constraint.gif"></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./create-table-stmt.html'>create-table-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./conflict-clause.html'>conflict-clause</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./expr.html'>expr</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./foreign-key-clause.html'>foreign-key-clause</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./indexed-column.html'>indexed-column</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtable.html'>lang_createtable.html</a>
</blockquote>


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<h1 align='center'>table-or-subquery</h1>
<blockquote>
<img src='../images/syntax/table-or-subquery.gif'></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./join-clause.html'>join-clause</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./select-core.html'>select-core</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./select-stmt.html'>select-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./join-clause.html'>join-clause</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./select-stmt.html'>select-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_altertable.html'>lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_attach.html'>lang_attach.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createindex.html'>lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtable.html'>lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtrigger.html'>lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createview.html'>lang_createview.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_delete.html'>lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_expr.html'>lang_expr.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_insert.html'>lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_select.html'>lang_select.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_update.html'>lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_with.html'>lang_with.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../partialindex.html'>partialindex.html</a>
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<h1 align='center'>table-or-subquery</h1>
<blockquote>
<img alt="syntax diagram table-or-subquery" src="../images/syntax/table-or-subquery.gif"></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./join-clause.html'>join-clause</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./select-core.html'>select-core</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./select-stmt.html'>select-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./join-clause.html'>join-clause</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./select-stmt.html'>select-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_altertable.html'>lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_attach.html'>lang_attach.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createindex.html'>lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtable.html'>lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtrigger.html'>lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createview.html'>lang_createview.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_delete.html'>lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_expr.html'>lang_expr.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_insert.html'>lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_select.html'>lang_select.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_update.html'>lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_with.html'>lang_with.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../partialindex.html'>partialindex.html</a>
</blockquote>


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<h1 align='center'>type-name</h1>
<blockquote>
<img src='../images/syntax/type-name.gif'></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./column-def.html'>column-def</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./expr.html'>expr</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./signed-number.html'>signed-number</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_altertable.html'>lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_attach.html'>lang_attach.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createindex.html'>lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtable.html'>lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtrigger.html'>lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createview.html'>lang_createview.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_delete.html'>lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_expr.html'>lang_expr.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_insert.html'>lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_select.html'>lang_select.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_update.html'>lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_with.html'>lang_with.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../partialindex.html'>partialindex.html</a>
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<h1 align='center'>type-name</h1>
<blockquote>
<img alt="syntax diagram type-name" src="../images/syntax/type-name.gif"></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./column-def.html'>column-def</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./expr.html'>expr</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./signed-number.html'>signed-number</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_altertable.html'>lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_attach.html'>lang_attach.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createindex.html'>lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtable.html'>lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtrigger.html'>lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createview.html'>lang_createview.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_delete.html'>lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_expr.html'>lang_expr.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_insert.html'>lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_select.html'>lang_select.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_update.html'>lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_with.html'>lang_with.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../partialindex.html'>partialindex.html</a>
</blockquote>


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<h1 align='center'>update-stmt-limited</h1>
<blockquote>
<img src='../images/syntax/update-stmt-limited.gif'></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./sql-stmt.html'>sql-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./expr.html'>expr</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./ordering-term.html'>ordering-term</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./qualified-table-name.html'>qualified-table-name</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./with-clause.html'>with-clause</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_update.html'>lang_update.html</a>
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<h1 align='center'>update-stmt-limited</h1>
<blockquote>
<img alt="syntax diagram update-stmt-limited" src="../images/syntax/update-stmt-limited.gif"></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./sql-stmt.html'>sql-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./expr.html'>expr</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./ordering-term.html'>ordering-term</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./qualified-table-name.html'>qualified-table-name</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./with-clause.html'>with-clause</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_update.html'>lang_update.html</a>
</blockquote>


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<h1 align='center'>update-stmt</h1>
<blockquote>
<img src='../images/syntax/update-stmt.gif'></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./create-trigger-stmt.html'>create-trigger-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./sql-stmt.html'>sql-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./expr.html'>expr</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./qualified-table-name.html'>qualified-table-name</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./with-clause.html'>with-clause</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtrigger.html'>lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_update.html'>lang_update.html</a>
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<h1 align='center'>update-stmt</h1>
<blockquote>
<img alt="syntax diagram update-stmt" src="../images/syntax/update-stmt.gif"></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./create-trigger-stmt.html'>create-trigger-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./sql-stmt.html'>sql-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./expr.html'>expr</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./qualified-table-name.html'>qualified-table-name</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./with-clause.html'>with-clause</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtrigger.html'>lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_update.html'>lang_update.html</a>
</blockquote>


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<h1 align='center'>vacuum-stmt</h1>
<blockquote>
<img src='../images/syntax/vacuum-stmt.gif'></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./sql-stmt.html'>sql-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_vacuum.html'>lang_vacuum.html</a>
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<h1 align='center'>vacuum-stmt</h1>
<blockquote>
<img alt="syntax diagram vacuum-stmt" src="../images/syntax/vacuum-stmt.gif"></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./sql-stmt.html'>sql-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_vacuum.html'>lang_vacuum.html</a>
</blockquote>


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<h1 align='center'>with-clause</h1>
<blockquote>
<img src='../images/syntax/with-clause.gif'></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./delete-stmt.html'>delete-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./delete-stmt-limited.html'>delete-stmt-limited</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./insert-stmt.html'>insert-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./update-stmt.html'>update-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./update-stmt-limited.html'>update-stmt-limited</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./cte-table-name.html'>cte-table-name</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./select-stmt.html'>select-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtrigger.html'>lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_delete.html'>lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_insert.html'>lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_update.html'>lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_with.html'>lang_with.html</a>
</blockquote>









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<h1 align='center'>with-clause</h1>
<blockquote>
<img alt="syntax diagram with-clause" src="../images/syntax/with-clause.gif"></img><br>

Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./delete-stmt.html'>delete-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./delete-stmt-limited.html'>delete-stmt-limited</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./insert-stmt.html'>insert-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./update-stmt.html'>update-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./update-stmt-limited.html'>update-stmt-limited</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./cte-table-name.html'>cte-table-name</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='./select-stmt.html'>select-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_createtrigger.html'>lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_delete.html'>lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_insert.html'>lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_update.html'>lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href='../lang_with.html'>lang_with.html</a>
</blockquote>


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<div class=startsearch></div>
  



<h1 align=center>Syntax Diagrams For SQLite</h1>

<a name="sql-stmt-list"></a>
<h4>sql-stmt-list:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/sql-stmt-list.gif"></img><br></br><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#sql-stmt">sql-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang.html">lang.html</a>
</blockquote>

<a name="sql-stmt"></a>
<h4>sql-stmt:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/sql-stmt.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#sql-stmt-list">sql-stmt-list</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#alter-table-stmt">alter-table-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#analyze-stmt">analyze-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#attach-stmt">attach-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#begin-stmt">begin-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#commit-stmt">commit-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#create-index-stmt">create-index-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#create-table-stmt">create-table-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#create-trigger-stmt">create-trigger-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#create-view-stmt">create-view-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#create-virtual-table-stmt">create-virtual-table-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#delete-stmt">delete-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#delete-stmt-limited">delete-stmt-limited</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#detach-stmt">detach-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#drop-index-stmt">drop-index-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#drop-table-stmt">drop-table-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#drop-trigger-stmt">drop-trigger-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#drop-view-stmt">drop-view-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#insert-stmt">insert-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#pragma-stmt">pragma-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#reindex-stmt">reindex-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#release-stmt">release-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#rollback-stmt">rollback-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#savepoint-stmt">savepoint-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#select-stmt">select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#update-stmt">update-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#update-stmt-limited">update-stmt-limited</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#vacuum-stmt">vacuum-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang.html">lang.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_explain.html">lang_explain.html</a>
</blockquote>

<a name="alter-table-stmt"></a>
<h4>alter-table-stmt:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/alter-table-stmt.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#sql-stmt">sql-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#column-def">column-def</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_altertable.html">lang_altertable.html</a>
</blockquote>

<a name="analyze-stmt"></a>
<h4>analyze-stmt:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/analyze-stmt.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#sql-stmt">sql-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_analyze.html">lang_analyze.html</a>
</blockquote>

<a name="attach-stmt"></a>
<h4>attach-stmt:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/attach-stmt.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#sql-stmt">sql-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#expr">expr</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_attach.html">lang_attach.html</a>
</blockquote>

<a name="begin-stmt"></a>
<h4>begin-stmt:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/begin-stmt.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#sql-stmt">sql-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_transaction.html">lang_transaction.html</a>
</blockquote>

<a name="commit-stmt"></a>
<h4>commit-stmt:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/commit-stmt.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#sql-stmt">sql-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_transaction.html">lang_transaction.html</a>
</blockquote>

<a name="rollback-stmt"></a>
<h4>rollback-stmt:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/rollback-stmt.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#sql-stmt">sql-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_savepoint.html">lang_savepoint.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_transaction.html">lang_transaction.html</a>
</blockquote>

<a name="savepoint-stmt"></a>
<h4>savepoint-stmt:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/savepoint-stmt.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#sql-stmt">sql-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_savepoint.html">lang_savepoint.html</a>
</blockquote>

<a name="release-stmt"></a>
<h4>release-stmt:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/release-stmt.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#sql-stmt">sql-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_savepoint.html">lang_savepoint.html</a>
</blockquote>

<a name="create-index-stmt"></a>
<h4>create-index-stmt:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/create-index-stmt.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#sql-stmt">sql-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#expr">expr</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#indexed-column">indexed-column</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createindex.html">lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="partialindex.html">partialindex.html</a>
</blockquote>

<a name="indexed-column"></a>
<h4>indexed-column:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/indexed-column.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#create-index-stmt">create-index-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#table-constraint">table-constraint</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createindex.html">lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtable.html">lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="partialindex.html">partialindex.html</a>
</blockquote>

<a name="create-table-stmt"></a>
<h4>create-table-stmt:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/create-table-stmt.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#sql-stmt">sql-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#column-def">column-def</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#select-stmt">select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#table-constraint">table-constraint</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtable.html">lang_createtable.html</a>
</blockquote>

<a name="column-def"></a>
<h4>column-def:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/column-def.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#alter-table-stmt">alter-table-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#create-table-stmt">create-table-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#column-constraint">column-constraint</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#type-name">type-name</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_altertable.html">lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtable.html">lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtable.html#tablecoldef">lang_createtable.html#tablecoldef</a>
</blockquote>

<a name="type-name"></a>
<h4>type-name:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/type-name.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#column-def">column-def</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#expr">expr</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#signed-number">signed-number</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_altertable.html">lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_attach.html">lang_attach.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createindex.html">lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtable.html">lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtrigger.html">lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createview.html">lang_createview.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_delete.html">lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_expr.html">lang_expr.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_insert.html">lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html">lang_select.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#compound">lang_select.html#compound</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#simpleselect">lang_select.html#simpleselect</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_update.html">lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_with.html">lang_with.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="partialindex.html">partialindex.html</a>
</blockquote>

<a name="column-constraint"></a>
<h4>column-constraint:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/column-constraint.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#column-def">column-def</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#conflict-clause">conflict-clause</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#expr">expr</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#foreign-key-clause">foreign-key-clause</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#literal-value">literal-value</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#signed-number">signed-number</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_altertable.html">lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtable.html">lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtable.html#tablecoldef">lang_createtable.html#tablecoldef</a>
</blockquote>

<a name="signed-number"></a>
<h4>signed-number:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/signed-number.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#column-constraint">column-constraint</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#pragma-value">pragma-value</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#type-name">type-name</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_altertable.html">lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_attach.html">lang_attach.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createindex.html">lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtable.html">lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtrigger.html">lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createview.html">lang_createview.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_delete.html">lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_expr.html">lang_expr.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_insert.html">lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html">lang_select.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#compound">lang_select.html#compound</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#simpleselect">lang_select.html#simpleselect</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_update.html">lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_with.html">lang_with.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="partialindex.html">partialindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="pragma.html#syntax">pragma.html#syntax</a>
</blockquote>

<a name="table-constraint"></a>
<h4>table-constraint:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/table-constraint.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#create-table-stmt">create-table-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#conflict-clause">conflict-clause</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#expr">expr</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#foreign-key-clause">foreign-key-clause</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#indexed-column">indexed-column</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtable.html">lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtable.html#primkeyconst">lang_createtable.html#primkeyconst</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtable.html#tablecoldef">lang_createtable.html#tablecoldef</a>
</blockquote>

<a name="foreign-key-clause"></a>
<h4>foreign-key-clause:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/foreign-key-clause.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#column-constraint">column-constraint</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#table-constraint">table-constraint</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_altertable.html">lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtable.html">lang_createtable.html</a>
</blockquote>

<a name="conflict-clause"></a>
<h4>conflict-clause:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/conflict-clause.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#column-constraint">column-constraint</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#table-constraint">table-constraint</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_altertable.html">lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_conflict.html">lang_conflict.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtable.html">lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtable.html#notnullconst">lang_createtable.html#notnullconst</a>
</blockquote>

<a name="create-trigger-stmt"></a>
<h4>create-trigger-stmt:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/create-trigger-stmt.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#sql-stmt">sql-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#delete-stmt">delete-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#expr">expr</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#insert-stmt">insert-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#select-stmt">select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#update-stmt">update-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtrigger.html">lang_createtrigger.html</a>
</blockquote>

<a name="create-view-stmt"></a>
<h4>create-view-stmt:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/create-view-stmt.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#sql-stmt">sql-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#select-stmt">select-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createview.html">lang_createview.html</a>
</blockquote>

<a name="create-virtual-table-stmt"></a>
<h4>create-virtual-table-stmt:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/create-virtual-table-stmt.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#sql-stmt">sql-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createvtab.html">lang_createvtab.html</a>
</blockquote>

<a name="with-clause"></a>
<h4>with-clause:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/with-clause.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#delete-stmt">delete-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#delete-stmt-limited">delete-stmt-limited</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#insert-stmt">insert-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#update-stmt">update-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#update-stmt-limited">update-stmt-limited</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#cte-table-name">cte-table-name</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#select-stmt">select-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtrigger.html">lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_delete.html">lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_insert.html">lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_update.html">lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_with.html">lang_with.html</a>
</blockquote>

<a name="cte-table-name"></a>
<h4>cte-table-name:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/cte-table-name.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#recursive-cte">recursive-cte</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#with-clause">with-clause</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtrigger.html">lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_delete.html">lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_insert.html">lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_update.html">lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_with.html">lang_with.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_with.html#recursivecte">lang_with.html#recursivecte</a>
</blockquote>

<a name="recursive-cte"></a>
<h4>recursive-cte:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/recursive-cte.gif"></img><br></br><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#cte-table-name">cte-table-name</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_with.html#recursivecte">lang_with.html#recursivecte</a>
</blockquote>

<a name="common-table-expression"></a>
<h4>common-table-expression:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/common-table-expression.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#compound-select-stmt">compound-select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#factored-select-stmt">factored-select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#select-stmt">select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#simple-select-stmt">simple-select-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#select-stmt">select-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_altertable.html">lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_attach.html">lang_attach.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createindex.html">lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtable.html">lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtrigger.html">lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createview.html">lang_createview.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_delete.html">lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_expr.html">lang_expr.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_insert.html">lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html">lang_select.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#compound">lang_select.html#compound</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#simpleselect">lang_select.html#simpleselect</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_update.html">lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_with.html">lang_with.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="partialindex.html">partialindex.html</a>
</blockquote>

<a name="delete-stmt"></a>
<h4>delete-stmt:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/delete-stmt.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#create-trigger-stmt">create-trigger-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#sql-stmt">sql-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#expr">expr</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#qualified-table-name">qualified-table-name</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#with-clause">with-clause</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtrigger.html">lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_delete.html">lang_delete.html</a>
</blockquote>

<a name="delete-stmt-limited"></a>
<h4>delete-stmt-limited:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/delete-stmt-limited.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#sql-stmt">sql-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#expr">expr</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#ordering-term">ordering-term</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#qualified-table-name">qualified-table-name</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#with-clause">with-clause</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_delete.html">lang_delete.html</a>
</blockquote>

<a name="detach-stmt"></a>
<h4>detach-stmt:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/detach-stmt.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#sql-stmt">sql-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_detach.html">lang_detach.html</a>
</blockquote>

<a name="drop-index-stmt"></a>
<h4>drop-index-stmt:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/drop-index-stmt.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#sql-stmt">sql-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_dropindex.html">lang_dropindex.html</a>
</blockquote>

<a name="drop-table-stmt"></a>
<h4>drop-table-stmt:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/drop-table-stmt.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#sql-stmt">sql-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_droptable.html">lang_droptable.html</a>
</blockquote>

<a name="drop-trigger-stmt"></a>
<h4>drop-trigger-stmt:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/drop-trigger-stmt.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#sql-stmt">sql-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_droptrigger.html">lang_droptrigger.html</a>
</blockquote>

<a name="drop-view-stmt"></a>
<h4>drop-view-stmt:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/drop-view-stmt.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#sql-stmt">sql-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_dropview.html">lang_dropview.html</a>
</blockquote>

<a name="expr"></a>
<h4>expr:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/expr.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#attach-stmt">attach-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#column-constraint">column-constraint</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#compound-select-stmt">compound-select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#create-index-stmt">create-index-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#create-trigger-stmt">create-trigger-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#delete-stmt">delete-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#delete-stmt-limited">delete-stmt-limited</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#factored-select-stmt">factored-select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#insert-stmt">insert-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#join-constraint">join-constraint</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#ordering-term">ordering-term</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#result-column">result-column</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#select-core">select-core</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#select-stmt">select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#simple-select-stmt">simple-select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#table-constraint">table-constraint</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#update-stmt">update-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#update-stmt-limited">update-stmt-limited</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#literal-value">literal-value</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#raise-function">raise-function</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#select-stmt">select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#type-name">type-name</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_altertable.html">lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_attach.html">lang_attach.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createindex.html">lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtable.html">lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtrigger.html">lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createview.html">lang_createview.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_delete.html">lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_expr.html">lang_expr.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_insert.html">lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html">lang_select.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#compound">lang_select.html#compound</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#simpleselect">lang_select.html#simpleselect</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_update.html">lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_with.html">lang_with.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="partialindex.html">partialindex.html</a>
</blockquote>

<a name="raise-function"></a>
<h4>raise-function:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/raise-function.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#expr">expr</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_altertable.html">lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_attach.html">lang_attach.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createindex.html">lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtable.html">lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtrigger.html">lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtrigger.html#raise">lang_createtrigger.html#raise</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createview.html">lang_createview.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_delete.html">lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_expr.html">lang_expr.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_insert.html">lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html">lang_select.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#compound">lang_select.html#compound</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#simpleselect">lang_select.html#simpleselect</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_update.html">lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_with.html">lang_with.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="partialindex.html">partialindex.html</a>
</blockquote>

<a name="literal-value"></a>
<h4>literal-value:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/literal-value.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#column-constraint">column-constraint</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#expr">expr</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_altertable.html">lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_attach.html">lang_attach.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createindex.html">lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtable.html">lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtrigger.html">lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createview.html">lang_createview.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_delete.html">lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_expr.html">lang_expr.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_insert.html">lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html">lang_select.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#compound">lang_select.html#compound</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#simpleselect">lang_select.html#simpleselect</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_update.html">lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_with.html">lang_with.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="partialindex.html">partialindex.html</a>
</blockquote>

<a name="numeric-literal"></a>
<h4>numeric-literal:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/numeric-literal.gif"></img><br></br><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_expr.html#litvalue">lang_expr.html#litvalue</a>
</blockquote>

<a name="insert-stmt"></a>
<h4>insert-stmt:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/insert-stmt.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#create-trigger-stmt">create-trigger-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#sql-stmt">sql-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#expr">expr</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#select-stmt">select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#with-clause">with-clause</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtrigger.html">lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_insert.html">lang_insert.html</a>
</blockquote>

<a name="pragma-stmt"></a>
<h4>pragma-stmt:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/pragma-stmt.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#sql-stmt">sql-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#pragma-value">pragma-value</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="pragma.html#syntax">pragma.html#syntax</a>
</blockquote>

<a name="pragma-value"></a>
<h4>pragma-value:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/pragma-value.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#pragma-stmt">pragma-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#signed-number">signed-number</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="pragma.html#syntax">pragma.html#syntax</a>
</blockquote>

<a name="reindex-stmt"></a>
<h4>reindex-stmt:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/reindex-stmt.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#sql-stmt">sql-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_reindex.html">lang_reindex.html</a>
</blockquote>

<a name="select-stmt"></a>
<h4>select-stmt:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/select-stmt.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#common-table-expression">common-table-expression</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#create-table-stmt">create-table-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#create-trigger-stmt">create-trigger-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#create-view-stmt">create-view-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#expr">expr</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#insert-stmt">insert-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#sql-stmt">sql-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#table-or-subquery">table-or-subquery</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#with-clause">with-clause</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#common-table-expression">common-table-expression</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#compound-operator">compound-operator</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#expr">expr</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#join-clause">join-clause</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#ordering-term">ordering-term</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#result-column">result-column</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#table-or-subquery">table-or-subquery</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_altertable.html">lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_attach.html">lang_attach.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createindex.html">lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtable.html">lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtrigger.html">lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createview.html">lang_createview.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_delete.html">lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_expr.html">lang_expr.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_insert.html">lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html">lang_select.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#compound">lang_select.html#compound</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#simpleselect">lang_select.html#simpleselect</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_update.html">lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_with.html">lang_with.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_with.html#recursivecte">lang_with.html#recursivecte</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="partialindex.html">partialindex.html</a>
</blockquote>

<a name="join-clause"></a>
<h4>join-clause:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/join-clause.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#select-core">select-core</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#select-stmt">select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#table-or-subquery">table-or-subquery</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#join-constraint">join-constraint</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#join-operator">join-operator</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#table-or-subquery">table-or-subquery</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_altertable.html">lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_attach.html">lang_attach.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createindex.html">lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtable.html">lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtrigger.html">lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createview.html">lang_createview.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_delete.html">lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_expr.html">lang_expr.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_insert.html">lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html">lang_select.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#compound">lang_select.html#compound</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#simpleselect">lang_select.html#simpleselect</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_update.html">lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_with.html">lang_with.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="partialindex.html">partialindex.html</a>
</blockquote>

<a name="select-core"></a>
<h4>select-core:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/select-core.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#compound-select-stmt">compound-select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#factored-select-stmt">factored-select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#simple-select-stmt">simple-select-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#expr">expr</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#join-clause">join-clause</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#result-column">result-column</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#table-or-subquery">table-or-subquery</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html">lang_select.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#compound">lang_select.html#compound</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#simpleselect">lang_select.html#simpleselect</a>
</blockquote>

<a name="factored-select-stmt"></a>
<h4>factored-select-stmt:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/factored-select-stmt.gif"></img><br></br><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#common-table-expression">common-table-expression</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#compound-operator">compound-operator</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#expr">expr</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#ordering-term">ordering-term</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#select-core">select-core</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html">lang_select.html</a>
</blockquote>

<a name="simple-select-stmt"></a>
<h4>simple-select-stmt:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/simple-select-stmt.gif"></img><br></br><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#common-table-expression">common-table-expression</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#expr">expr</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#ordering-term">ordering-term</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#select-core">select-core</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#simpleselect">lang_select.html#simpleselect</a>
</blockquote>

<a name="compound-select-stmt"></a>
<h4>compound-select-stmt:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/compound-select-stmt.gif"></img><br></br><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#common-table-expression">common-table-expression</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#expr">expr</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#ordering-term">ordering-term</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#select-core">select-core</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#compound">lang_select.html#compound</a>
</blockquote>

<a name="table-or-subquery"></a>
<h4>table-or-subquery:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/table-or-subquery.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#join-clause">join-clause</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#select-core">select-core</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#select-stmt">select-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#join-clause">join-clause</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#select-stmt">select-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_altertable.html">lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_attach.html">lang_attach.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createindex.html">lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtable.html">lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtrigger.html">lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createview.html">lang_createview.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_delete.html">lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_expr.html">lang_expr.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_insert.html">lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html">lang_select.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#compound">lang_select.html#compound</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#simpleselect">lang_select.html#simpleselect</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_update.html">lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_with.html">lang_with.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="partialindex.html">partialindex.html</a>
</blockquote>

<a name="result-column"></a>
<h4>result-column:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/result-column.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#select-core">select-core</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#select-stmt">select-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#expr">expr</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_altertable.html">lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_attach.html">lang_attach.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createindex.html">lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtable.html">lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtrigger.html">lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createview.html">lang_createview.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_delete.html">lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_expr.html">lang_expr.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_insert.html">lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html">lang_select.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#compound">lang_select.html#compound</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#simpleselect">lang_select.html#simpleselect</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_update.html">lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_with.html">lang_with.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="partialindex.html">partialindex.html</a>
</blockquote>

<a name="join-operator"></a>
<h4>join-operator:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/join-operator.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#join-clause">join-clause</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_altertable.html">lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_attach.html">lang_attach.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createindex.html">lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtable.html">lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtrigger.html">lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createview.html">lang_createview.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_delete.html">lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_expr.html">lang_expr.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_insert.html">lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html">lang_select.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#compound">lang_select.html#compound</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#fromclause">lang_select.html#fromclause</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#simpleselect">lang_select.html#simpleselect</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_update.html">lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_with.html">lang_with.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="partialindex.html">partialindex.html</a>
</blockquote>

<a name="join-constraint"></a>
<h4>join-constraint:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/join-constraint.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#join-clause">join-clause</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#expr">expr</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_altertable.html">lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_attach.html">lang_attach.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createindex.html">lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtable.html">lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtrigger.html">lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createview.html">lang_createview.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_delete.html">lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_expr.html">lang_expr.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_insert.html">lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html">lang_select.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#compound">lang_select.html#compound</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#fromclause">lang_select.html#fromclause</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#simpleselect">lang_select.html#simpleselect</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_update.html">lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_with.html">lang_with.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="partialindex.html">partialindex.html</a>
</blockquote>

<a name="ordering-term"></a>
<h4>ordering-term:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/ordering-term.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#compound-select-stmt">compound-select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#delete-stmt-limited">delete-stmt-limited</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#factored-select-stmt">factored-select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#select-stmt">select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#simple-select-stmt">simple-select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#update-stmt-limited">update-stmt-limited</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#expr">expr</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_altertable.html">lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_attach.html">lang_attach.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createindex.html">lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtable.html">lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtrigger.html">lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createview.html">lang_createview.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_delete.html">lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_expr.html">lang_expr.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_insert.html">lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html">lang_select.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#compound">lang_select.html#compound</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#simpleselect">lang_select.html#simpleselect</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_update.html">lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_with.html">lang_with.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="partialindex.html">partialindex.html</a>
</blockquote>

<a name="compound-operator"></a>
<h4>compound-operator:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/compound-operator.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#factored-select-stmt">factored-select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#select-stmt">select-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_altertable.html">lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_attach.html">lang_attach.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createindex.html">lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtable.html">lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtrigger.html">lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createview.html">lang_createview.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_delete.html">lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_expr.html">lang_expr.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_insert.html">lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html">lang_select.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#compound">lang_select.html#compound</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#simpleselect">lang_select.html#simpleselect</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_update.html">lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_with.html">lang_with.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_with.html#recursivecte">lang_with.html#recursivecte</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="partialindex.html">partialindex.html</a>
</blockquote>

<a name="update-stmt"></a>
<h4>update-stmt:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/update-stmt.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#create-trigger-stmt">create-trigger-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#sql-stmt">sql-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#expr">expr</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#qualified-table-name">qualified-table-name</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#with-clause">with-clause</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtrigger.html">lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_update.html">lang_update.html</a>
</blockquote>

<a name="update-stmt-limited"></a>
<h4>update-stmt-limited:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/update-stmt-limited.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#sql-stmt">sql-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#expr">expr</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#ordering-term">ordering-term</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#qualified-table-name">qualified-table-name</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#with-clause">with-clause</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_update.html">lang_update.html</a>
</blockquote>

<a name="qualified-table-name"></a>
<h4>qualified-table-name:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/qualified-table-name.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#delete-stmt">delete-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#delete-stmt-limited">delete-stmt-limited</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#update-stmt">update-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#update-stmt-limited">update-stmt-limited</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtrigger.html">lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_delete.html">lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_indexedby.html">lang_indexedby.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_update.html">lang_update.html</a>
</blockquote>

<a name="vacuum-stmt"></a>
<h4>vacuum-stmt:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/vacuum-stmt.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#sql-stmt">sql-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_vacuum.html">lang_vacuum.html</a>
</blockquote>

<a name="comment-syntax"></a>
<h4>comment-syntax:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/comment-syntax.gif"></img><br></br><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_comment.html">lang_comment.html</a>
</blockquote>









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<div class=startsearch></div>
  



<h1 align=center>Syntax Diagrams For SQLite</h1>


<a name="sql-stmt-list"></a><h4>sql-stmt-list:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/sql-stmt-list.gif"></img><br></br><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#sql-stmt">sql-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang.html">lang.html</a>
</blockquote>


<a name="sql-stmt"></a><h4>sql-stmt:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/sql-stmt.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#sql-stmt-list">sql-stmt-list</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#alter-table-stmt">alter-table-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#analyze-stmt">analyze-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#attach-stmt">attach-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#begin-stmt">begin-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#commit-stmt">commit-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#create-index-stmt">create-index-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#create-table-stmt">create-table-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#create-trigger-stmt">create-trigger-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#create-view-stmt">create-view-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#create-virtual-table-stmt">create-virtual-table-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#delete-stmt">delete-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#delete-stmt-limited">delete-stmt-limited</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#detach-stmt">detach-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#drop-index-stmt">drop-index-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#drop-table-stmt">drop-table-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#drop-trigger-stmt">drop-trigger-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#drop-view-stmt">drop-view-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#insert-stmt">insert-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#pragma-stmt">pragma-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#reindex-stmt">reindex-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#release-stmt">release-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#rollback-stmt">rollback-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#savepoint-stmt">savepoint-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#select-stmt">select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#update-stmt">update-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#update-stmt-limited">update-stmt-limited</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#vacuum-stmt">vacuum-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang.html">lang.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_explain.html">lang_explain.html</a>
</blockquote>


<a name="alter-table-stmt"></a><h4>alter-table-stmt:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/alter-table-stmt.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#sql-stmt">sql-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#column-def">column-def</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_altertable.html">lang_altertable.html</a>
</blockquote>


<a name="analyze-stmt"></a><h4>analyze-stmt:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/analyze-stmt.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#sql-stmt">sql-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_analyze.html">lang_analyze.html</a>
</blockquote>


<a name="attach-stmt"></a><h4>attach-stmt:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/attach-stmt.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#sql-stmt">sql-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#expr">expr</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_attach.html">lang_attach.html</a>
</blockquote>


<a name="begin-stmt"></a><h4>begin-stmt:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/begin-stmt.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#sql-stmt">sql-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_transaction.html">lang_transaction.html</a>
</blockquote>


<a name="commit-stmt"></a><h4>commit-stmt:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/commit-stmt.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#sql-stmt">sql-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_transaction.html">lang_transaction.html</a>
</blockquote>


<a name="rollback-stmt"></a><h4>rollback-stmt:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/rollback-stmt.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#sql-stmt">sql-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_savepoint.html">lang_savepoint.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_transaction.html">lang_transaction.html</a>
</blockquote>


<a name="savepoint-stmt"></a><h4>savepoint-stmt:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/savepoint-stmt.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#sql-stmt">sql-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_savepoint.html">lang_savepoint.html</a>
</blockquote>


<a name="release-stmt"></a><h4>release-stmt:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/release-stmt.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#sql-stmt">sql-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_savepoint.html">lang_savepoint.html</a>
</blockquote>


<a name="create-index-stmt"></a><h4>create-index-stmt:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/create-index-stmt.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#sql-stmt">sql-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#expr">expr</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#indexed-column">indexed-column</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createindex.html">lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="partialindex.html">partialindex.html</a>
</blockquote>


<a name="indexed-column"></a><h4>indexed-column:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/indexed-column.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#create-index-stmt">create-index-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#table-constraint">table-constraint</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createindex.html">lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtable.html">lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="partialindex.html">partialindex.html</a>
</blockquote>


<a name="create-table-stmt"></a><h4>create-table-stmt:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/create-table-stmt.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#sql-stmt">sql-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#column-def">column-def</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#select-stmt">select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#table-constraint">table-constraint</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtable.html">lang_createtable.html</a>
</blockquote>


<a name="column-def"></a><h4>column-def:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/column-def.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#alter-table-stmt">alter-table-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#create-table-stmt">create-table-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#column-constraint">column-constraint</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#type-name">type-name</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_altertable.html">lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtable.html">lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtable.html#tablecoldef">lang_createtable.html#tablecoldef</a>
</blockquote>


<a name="type-name"></a><h4>type-name:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/type-name.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#column-def">column-def</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#expr">expr</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#signed-number">signed-number</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_altertable.html">lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_attach.html">lang_attach.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createindex.html">lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtable.html">lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtrigger.html">lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createview.html">lang_createview.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_delete.html">lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_expr.html">lang_expr.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_insert.html">lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html">lang_select.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#compound">lang_select.html#compound</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#simpleselect">lang_select.html#simpleselect</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_update.html">lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_with.html">lang_with.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="partialindex.html">partialindex.html</a>
</blockquote>


<a name="column-constraint"></a><h4>column-constraint:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/column-constraint.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#column-def">column-def</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#conflict-clause">conflict-clause</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#expr">expr</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#foreign-key-clause">foreign-key-clause</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#literal-value">literal-value</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#signed-number">signed-number</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_altertable.html">lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtable.html">lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtable.html#tablecoldef">lang_createtable.html#tablecoldef</a>
</blockquote>


<a name="signed-number"></a><h4>signed-number:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/signed-number.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#column-constraint">column-constraint</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#pragma-value">pragma-value</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#type-name">type-name</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_altertable.html">lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_attach.html">lang_attach.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createindex.html">lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtable.html">lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtrigger.html">lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createview.html">lang_createview.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_delete.html">lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_expr.html">lang_expr.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_insert.html">lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html">lang_select.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#compound">lang_select.html#compound</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#simpleselect">lang_select.html#simpleselect</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_update.html">lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_with.html">lang_with.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="partialindex.html">partialindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="pragma.html#syntax">pragma.html#syntax</a>
</blockquote>


<a name="table-constraint"></a><h4>table-constraint:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/table-constraint.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#create-table-stmt">create-table-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#conflict-clause">conflict-clause</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#expr">expr</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#foreign-key-clause">foreign-key-clause</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#indexed-column">indexed-column</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtable.html">lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtable.html#primkeyconst">lang_createtable.html#primkeyconst</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtable.html#tablecoldef">lang_createtable.html#tablecoldef</a>
</blockquote>


<a name="foreign-key-clause"></a><h4>foreign-key-clause:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/foreign-key-clause.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#column-constraint">column-constraint</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#table-constraint">table-constraint</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_altertable.html">lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtable.html">lang_createtable.html</a>
</blockquote>


<a name="conflict-clause"></a><h4>conflict-clause:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/conflict-clause.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#column-constraint">column-constraint</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#table-constraint">table-constraint</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_altertable.html">lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_conflict.html">lang_conflict.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtable.html">lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtable.html#notnullconst">lang_createtable.html#notnullconst</a>
</blockquote>


<a name="create-trigger-stmt"></a><h4>create-trigger-stmt:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/create-trigger-stmt.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#sql-stmt">sql-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#delete-stmt">delete-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#expr">expr</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#insert-stmt">insert-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#select-stmt">select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#update-stmt">update-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtrigger.html">lang_createtrigger.html</a>
</blockquote>


<a name="create-view-stmt"></a><h4>create-view-stmt:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/create-view-stmt.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#sql-stmt">sql-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#select-stmt">select-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createview.html">lang_createview.html</a>
</blockquote>


<a name="create-virtual-table-stmt"></a><h4>create-virtual-table-stmt:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/create-virtual-table-stmt.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#sql-stmt">sql-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createvtab.html">lang_createvtab.html</a>
</blockquote>


<a name="with-clause"></a><h4>with-clause:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/with-clause.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#delete-stmt">delete-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#delete-stmt-limited">delete-stmt-limited</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#insert-stmt">insert-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#update-stmt">update-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#update-stmt-limited">update-stmt-limited</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#cte-table-name">cte-table-name</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#select-stmt">select-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtrigger.html">lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_delete.html">lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_insert.html">lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_update.html">lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_with.html">lang_with.html</a>
</blockquote>


<a name="cte-table-name"></a><h4>cte-table-name:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/cte-table-name.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#recursive-cte">recursive-cte</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#with-clause">with-clause</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtrigger.html">lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_delete.html">lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_insert.html">lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_update.html">lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_with.html">lang_with.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_with.html#recursivecte">lang_with.html#recursivecte</a>
</blockquote>


<a name="recursive-cte"></a><h4>recursive-cte:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/recursive-cte.gif"></img><br></br><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#cte-table-name">cte-table-name</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_with.html#recursivecte">lang_with.html#recursivecte</a>
</blockquote>


<a name="common-table-expression"></a><h4>common-table-expression:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/common-table-expression.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#compound-select-stmt">compound-select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#factored-select-stmt">factored-select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#select-stmt">select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#simple-select-stmt">simple-select-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#select-stmt">select-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_altertable.html">lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_attach.html">lang_attach.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createindex.html">lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtable.html">lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtrigger.html">lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createview.html">lang_createview.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_delete.html">lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_expr.html">lang_expr.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_insert.html">lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html">lang_select.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#compound">lang_select.html#compound</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#simpleselect">lang_select.html#simpleselect</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_update.html">lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_with.html">lang_with.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="partialindex.html">partialindex.html</a>
</blockquote>


<a name="delete-stmt"></a><h4>delete-stmt:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/delete-stmt.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#create-trigger-stmt">create-trigger-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#sql-stmt">sql-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#expr">expr</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#qualified-table-name">qualified-table-name</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#with-clause">with-clause</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtrigger.html">lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_delete.html">lang_delete.html</a>
</blockquote>


<a name="delete-stmt-limited"></a><h4>delete-stmt-limited:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/delete-stmt-limited.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#sql-stmt">sql-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#expr">expr</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#ordering-term">ordering-term</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#qualified-table-name">qualified-table-name</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#with-clause">with-clause</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_delete.html">lang_delete.html</a>
</blockquote>


<a name="detach-stmt"></a><h4>detach-stmt:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/detach-stmt.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#sql-stmt">sql-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_detach.html">lang_detach.html</a>
</blockquote>


<a name="drop-index-stmt"></a><h4>drop-index-stmt:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/drop-index-stmt.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#sql-stmt">sql-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_dropindex.html">lang_dropindex.html</a>
</blockquote>


<a name="drop-table-stmt"></a><h4>drop-table-stmt:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/drop-table-stmt.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#sql-stmt">sql-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_droptable.html">lang_droptable.html</a>
</blockquote>


<a name="drop-trigger-stmt"></a><h4>drop-trigger-stmt:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/drop-trigger-stmt.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#sql-stmt">sql-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_droptrigger.html">lang_droptrigger.html</a>
</blockquote>


<a name="drop-view-stmt"></a><h4>drop-view-stmt:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/drop-view-stmt.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#sql-stmt">sql-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_dropview.html">lang_dropview.html</a>
</blockquote>


<a name="expr"></a><h4>expr:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/expr.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#attach-stmt">attach-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#column-constraint">column-constraint</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#compound-select-stmt">compound-select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#create-index-stmt">create-index-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#create-trigger-stmt">create-trigger-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#delete-stmt">delete-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#delete-stmt-limited">delete-stmt-limited</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#factored-select-stmt">factored-select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#insert-stmt">insert-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#join-constraint">join-constraint</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#ordering-term">ordering-term</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#result-column">result-column</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#select-core">select-core</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#select-stmt">select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#simple-select-stmt">simple-select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#table-constraint">table-constraint</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#update-stmt">update-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#update-stmt-limited">update-stmt-limited</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#literal-value">literal-value</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#raise-function">raise-function</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#select-stmt">select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#type-name">type-name</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_altertable.html">lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_attach.html">lang_attach.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createindex.html">lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtable.html">lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtrigger.html">lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createview.html">lang_createview.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_delete.html">lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_expr.html">lang_expr.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_insert.html">lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html">lang_select.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#compound">lang_select.html#compound</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#simpleselect">lang_select.html#simpleselect</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_update.html">lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_with.html">lang_with.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="partialindex.html">partialindex.html</a>
</blockquote>


<a name="raise-function"></a><h4>raise-function:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/raise-function.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#expr">expr</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_altertable.html">lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_attach.html">lang_attach.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createindex.html">lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtable.html">lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtrigger.html">lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtrigger.html#raise">lang_createtrigger.html#raise</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createview.html">lang_createview.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_delete.html">lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_expr.html">lang_expr.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_insert.html">lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html">lang_select.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#compound">lang_select.html#compound</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#simpleselect">lang_select.html#simpleselect</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_update.html">lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_with.html">lang_with.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="partialindex.html">partialindex.html</a>
</blockquote>


<a name="literal-value"></a><h4>literal-value:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/literal-value.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#column-constraint">column-constraint</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#expr">expr</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_altertable.html">lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_attach.html">lang_attach.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createindex.html">lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtable.html">lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtrigger.html">lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createview.html">lang_createview.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_delete.html">lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_expr.html">lang_expr.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_insert.html">lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html">lang_select.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#compound">lang_select.html#compound</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#simpleselect">lang_select.html#simpleselect</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_update.html">lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_with.html">lang_with.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="partialindex.html">partialindex.html</a>
</blockquote>


<a name="numeric-literal"></a><h4>numeric-literal:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/numeric-literal.gif"></img><br></br><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_expr.html#litvalue">lang_expr.html#litvalue</a>
</blockquote>


<a name="insert-stmt"></a><h4>insert-stmt:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/insert-stmt.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#create-trigger-stmt">create-trigger-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#sql-stmt">sql-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#expr">expr</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#select-stmt">select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#with-clause">with-clause</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtrigger.html">lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_insert.html">lang_insert.html</a>
</blockquote>


<a name="pragma-stmt"></a><h4>pragma-stmt:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/pragma-stmt.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#sql-stmt">sql-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#pragma-value">pragma-value</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="pragma.html#syntax">pragma.html#syntax</a>
</blockquote>


<a name="pragma-value"></a><h4>pragma-value:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/pragma-value.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#pragma-stmt">pragma-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#signed-number">signed-number</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="pragma.html#syntax">pragma.html#syntax</a>
</blockquote>


<a name="reindex-stmt"></a><h4>reindex-stmt:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/reindex-stmt.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#sql-stmt">sql-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_reindex.html">lang_reindex.html</a>
</blockquote>


<a name="select-stmt"></a><h4>select-stmt:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/select-stmt.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#common-table-expression">common-table-expression</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#create-table-stmt">create-table-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#create-trigger-stmt">create-trigger-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#create-view-stmt">create-view-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#expr">expr</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#insert-stmt">insert-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#sql-stmt">sql-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#table-or-subquery">table-or-subquery</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#with-clause">with-clause</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#common-table-expression">common-table-expression</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#compound-operator">compound-operator</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#expr">expr</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#join-clause">join-clause</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#ordering-term">ordering-term</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#result-column">result-column</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#table-or-subquery">table-or-subquery</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_altertable.html">lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_attach.html">lang_attach.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createindex.html">lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtable.html">lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtrigger.html">lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createview.html">lang_createview.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_delete.html">lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_expr.html">lang_expr.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_insert.html">lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html">lang_select.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#compound">lang_select.html#compound</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#simpleselect">lang_select.html#simpleselect</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_update.html">lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_with.html">lang_with.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_with.html#recursivecte">lang_with.html#recursivecte</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="partialindex.html">partialindex.html</a>
</blockquote>


<a name="join-clause"></a><h4>join-clause:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/join-clause.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#select-core">select-core</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#select-stmt">select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#table-or-subquery">table-or-subquery</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#join-constraint">join-constraint</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#join-operator">join-operator</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#table-or-subquery">table-or-subquery</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_altertable.html">lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_attach.html">lang_attach.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createindex.html">lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtable.html">lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtrigger.html">lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createview.html">lang_createview.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_delete.html">lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_expr.html">lang_expr.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_insert.html">lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html">lang_select.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#compound">lang_select.html#compound</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#simpleselect">lang_select.html#simpleselect</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_update.html">lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_with.html">lang_with.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="partialindex.html">partialindex.html</a>
</blockquote>


<a name="select-core"></a><h4>select-core:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/select-core.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#compound-select-stmt">compound-select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#factored-select-stmt">factored-select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#simple-select-stmt">simple-select-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#expr">expr</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#join-clause">join-clause</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#result-column">result-column</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#table-or-subquery">table-or-subquery</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html">lang_select.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#compound">lang_select.html#compound</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#simpleselect">lang_select.html#simpleselect</a>
</blockquote>


<a name="factored-select-stmt"></a><h4>factored-select-stmt:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/factored-select-stmt.gif"></img><br></br><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#common-table-expression">common-table-expression</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#compound-operator">compound-operator</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#expr">expr</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#ordering-term">ordering-term</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#select-core">select-core</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html">lang_select.html</a>
</blockquote>


<a name="simple-select-stmt"></a><h4>simple-select-stmt:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/simple-select-stmt.gif"></img><br></br><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#common-table-expression">common-table-expression</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#expr">expr</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#ordering-term">ordering-term</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#select-core">select-core</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#simpleselect">lang_select.html#simpleselect</a>
</blockquote>


<a name="compound-select-stmt"></a><h4>compound-select-stmt:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/compound-select-stmt.gif"></img><br></br><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#common-table-expression">common-table-expression</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#expr">expr</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#ordering-term">ordering-term</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#select-core">select-core</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#compound">lang_select.html#compound</a>
</blockquote>


<a name="table-or-subquery"></a><h4>table-or-subquery:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/table-or-subquery.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#join-clause">join-clause</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#select-core">select-core</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#select-stmt">select-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#join-clause">join-clause</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#select-stmt">select-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_altertable.html">lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_attach.html">lang_attach.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createindex.html">lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtable.html">lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtrigger.html">lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createview.html">lang_createview.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_delete.html">lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_expr.html">lang_expr.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_insert.html">lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html">lang_select.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#compound">lang_select.html#compound</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#simpleselect">lang_select.html#simpleselect</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_update.html">lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_with.html">lang_with.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="partialindex.html">partialindex.html</a>
</blockquote>


<a name="result-column"></a><h4>result-column:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/result-column.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#select-core">select-core</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#select-stmt">select-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#expr">expr</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_altertable.html">lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_attach.html">lang_attach.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createindex.html">lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtable.html">lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtrigger.html">lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createview.html">lang_createview.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_delete.html">lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_expr.html">lang_expr.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_insert.html">lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html">lang_select.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#compound">lang_select.html#compound</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#simpleselect">lang_select.html#simpleselect</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_update.html">lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_with.html">lang_with.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="partialindex.html">partialindex.html</a>
</blockquote>


<a name="join-operator"></a><h4>join-operator:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/join-operator.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#join-clause">join-clause</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_altertable.html">lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_attach.html">lang_attach.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createindex.html">lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtable.html">lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtrigger.html">lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createview.html">lang_createview.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_delete.html">lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_expr.html">lang_expr.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_insert.html">lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html">lang_select.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#compound">lang_select.html#compound</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#fromclause">lang_select.html#fromclause</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#simpleselect">lang_select.html#simpleselect</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_update.html">lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_with.html">lang_with.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="partialindex.html">partialindex.html</a>
</blockquote>


<a name="join-constraint"></a><h4>join-constraint:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/join-constraint.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#join-clause">join-clause</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#expr">expr</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_altertable.html">lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_attach.html">lang_attach.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createindex.html">lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtable.html">lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtrigger.html">lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createview.html">lang_createview.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_delete.html">lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_expr.html">lang_expr.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_insert.html">lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html">lang_select.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#compound">lang_select.html#compound</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#fromclause">lang_select.html#fromclause</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#simpleselect">lang_select.html#simpleselect</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_update.html">lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_with.html">lang_with.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="partialindex.html">partialindex.html</a>
</blockquote>


<a name="ordering-term"></a><h4>ordering-term:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/ordering-term.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#compound-select-stmt">compound-select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#delete-stmt-limited">delete-stmt-limited</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#factored-select-stmt">factored-select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#select-stmt">select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#simple-select-stmt">simple-select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#update-stmt-limited">update-stmt-limited</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#expr">expr</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_altertable.html">lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_attach.html">lang_attach.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createindex.html">lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtable.html">lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtrigger.html">lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createview.html">lang_createview.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_delete.html">lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_expr.html">lang_expr.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_insert.html">lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html">lang_select.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#compound">lang_select.html#compound</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#simpleselect">lang_select.html#simpleselect</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_update.html">lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_with.html">lang_with.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="partialindex.html">partialindex.html</a>
</blockquote>


<a name="compound-operator"></a><h4>compound-operator:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/compound-operator.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#factored-select-stmt">factored-select-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#select-stmt">select-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_altertable.html">lang_altertable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_attach.html">lang_attach.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createindex.html">lang_createindex.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtable.html">lang_createtable.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtrigger.html">lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createview.html">lang_createview.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_delete.html">lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_expr.html">lang_expr.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_insert.html">lang_insert.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html">lang_select.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#compound">lang_select.html#compound</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_select.html#simpleselect">lang_select.html#simpleselect</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_update.html">lang_update.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_with.html">lang_with.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_with.html#recursivecte">lang_with.html#recursivecte</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="partialindex.html">partialindex.html</a>
</blockquote>


<a name="update-stmt"></a><h4>update-stmt:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/update-stmt.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#create-trigger-stmt">create-trigger-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#sql-stmt">sql-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#expr">expr</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#qualified-table-name">qualified-table-name</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#with-clause">with-clause</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtrigger.html">lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_update.html">lang_update.html</a>
</blockquote>


<a name="update-stmt-limited"></a><h4>update-stmt-limited:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/update-stmt-limited.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#sql-stmt">sql-stmt</a><br></br>
References:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#expr">expr</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#ordering-term">ordering-term</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#qualified-table-name">qualified-table-name</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#with-clause">with-clause</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_update.html">lang_update.html</a>
</blockquote>


<a name="qualified-table-name"></a><h4>qualified-table-name:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/qualified-table-name.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#delete-stmt">delete-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#delete-stmt-limited">delete-stmt-limited</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#update-stmt">update-stmt</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#update-stmt-limited">update-stmt-limited</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_createtrigger.html">lang_createtrigger.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_delete.html">lang_delete.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_indexedby.html">lang_indexedby.html</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_update.html">lang_update.html</a>
</blockquote>


<a name="vacuum-stmt"></a><h4>vacuum-stmt:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/vacuum-stmt.gif"></img><br></br>
Used by:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="#sql-stmt">sql-stmt</a><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_vacuum.html">lang_vacuum.html</a>
</blockquote>


<a name="comment-syntax"></a><h4>comment-syntax:</h4><blockquote>
<img src="images/syntax/comment-syntax.gif"></img><br></br><br></br>
See also:&nbsp;&nbsp; <a href="lang_comment.html">lang_comment.html</a>
</blockquote>