System.Data.SQLite
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Overview
Comment:Update SQLite core library to the latest trunk code.
Downloads: Tarball | ZIP archive | SQL archive
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | trunk
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA1: d4447158f660df8d74ed5ee0308eca8c1b29c54f
User & Date: mistachkin 2015-07-24 00:17:45
Context
2015-07-24
00:59
Enhance the test suite infrastructure to permit a non-default .NET Framework version to be used for a particular 'build year'. check-in: 13498a4979 user: mistachkin tags: trunk
00:32
Preliminary updates to the download page. check-in: 7dbf8439b5 user: mistachkin tags: preRelease
00:17
Update SQLite core library to the latest trunk code. check-in: d4447158f6 user: mistachkin tags: trunk
2015-07-23
04:40
In the batch build tool, attempt to make sure the target solution/project file matches up with the .NET Framework used. check-in: 49d0228259 user: mistachkin tags: trunk
Changes
Hide Diffs Unified Diffs Ignore Whitespace Patch

Changes to SQLite.Interop/src/core/sqlite3.c.

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158703
158704
158705
158706
158707
158708
158709
158710
158711
158712
158713
158714
......
158716
158717
158718
158719
158720
158721
158722
158723
158724
158725
158726
158727
158728
158729
158730
158731
158732
158733
158734
158735
158736
158737
158738
158739
158740
158741
158742
158743
158744
158745
158746
158747
158748
158749
158750
158751
158752
158753
158754
158755
158756
158757
158758
158759
158760
158761
158762
158763
158764
158765
158766
158767
158768
158769
158770
158771
158772
158773
158774
158775
158776
158777
158778
158779
158780
158781
158782
158783
158784
158785
158786
158787
158788
158789
158790
158791
158792
......
158800
158801
158802
158803
158804
158805
158806
158807
158808
158809
158810
158811
158812
158813
158814
158815
158816
158817
158818
158819
158820
......
158826
158827
158828
158829
158830
158831
158832
158833
158834
158835
158836
158837
158838
158839
158840
158841
158842
158843
158844
158845
158846
158847
158848
158849
158850
158851
158852
158853
158854
158855
158856
158857
158858
158859
158860
158861
158862
158863
158864
158865
158866
158867
158868
158869
158870
158871
158872
158873
158874
158875
158876
158877
158878
158879
158880
158881
158882
158883
158884
158885
158886
158887
158888
158889
158890
158891
158892
158893
158894
158895
158896
158897
158898
158899
158900
158901
158902
158903
158904
158905
158906
158907
158908
158909
158910
158911
158912
158913
158914
158915
158916
158917
158918
158919
158920
158921
158922
158923
158924
158925
158926
158927
158928
158929
158930
158931
158932
158933
......
158934
158935
158936
158937
158938
158939
158940
158941
158942
158943
158944
158945
158946
158947
158948
158949
158950
158951
158952
158953
158954
158955
158956
158957
158958
158959
158960
158961
158962
158963
158964
158965
158966
158967
158968
158969
158970
158971
158972
158973
158974
158975
158976
158977
158978
158979
158980
158981
158982
158983
158984
158985
158986
158987
158988
158989
158990
158991
158992
......
158997
158998
158999
159000
159001
159002
159003
159004
159005
159006
159007
159008
159009
159010
159011
159012
159013
159014
159015
159016
159017
159018
159019
159020
159021
159022
159023
159024
159025
159026
159027
159028
159029
159030
159031
159032
159033
159034
159035
159036
159037
159038
159039
159040
159041
159042
159043
159044
159045
159046
159047
159048
159049
159050
159051
159052
159053
159054
159055
159056
159057
159058
159059
159060
159061
159062
159063
159064
159065
159066
159067
159068
......
159070
159071
159072
159073
159074
159075
159076
159077
159078
159079
159080
159081
159082
159083
159084
......
159085
159086
159087
159088
159089
159090
159091
159092
159093
159094
159095
159096
159097
159098
159099
159100
159101
159102
159103
159104
159105
159106
159107
159108
159109
159110
159111
159112
159113
159114
159115
159116
159117
159118
159119
159120
159121
159122
159123
159124
159125
159126
159127
159128
159129
159130
159131
159132
159133
159134
159135
159136
159137
159138
159139
......
159149
159150
159151
159152
159153
159154
159155
159156
159157
159158
159159
159160
159161
159162
159163
......
159170
159171
159172
159173
159174
159175
159176
159177
159178
159179
159180
159181
159182
159183
159184
......
159187
159188
159189
159190
159191
159192
159193
159194
159195
159196
159197
159198
159199
159200
159201
159202
159203
159204
159205
159206
159207
159208
159209
159210
159211
159212
159213
159214
159215
159216
159217
159218
159219
159220
159221
159222
159223
159224
159225
159226
159227
159228
159229
159230
159231
159232
159233
159234
159235
......
159241
159242
159243
159244
159245
159246
159247
159248
159249
159250
159251
159252
159253
159254
159255
159256
159257
159258
159259
159260
159261
159262
159263
159264
159265
159266
159267
159268
159269
159270
159271
159272
159273
159274
159275
159276
159277
159278
159279
159280
159281
159282
159283
159284
159285
159286
159287
159288
159289
159290
159291
159292
159293
159294
159295
159296
159297
159298
159299
159300
159301
159302
159303
159304
159305
159306
159307
159308
159309
159310
159311
159312
159313
159314
159315
159316
159317
159318
159319
159320
......
159324
159325
159326
159327
159328
159329
159330
159331
159332
159333
159334
159335
159336
159337
159338
159339
159340
159341
159342
159343
159344
159345
159346
159347
159348
159349
159350
159351
159352
159353
159354
159355
159356
159357
159358
159359
159360
159361
159362
159363
159364
159365
159366
159367
159368
159369
159370
159371
159372
159373
159374
159375
159376
159377
159378
159379
159380
159381
159382
159383
159384
159385
159386
......
159387
159388
159389
159390
159391
159392
159393
159394
159395
159396
159397
159398
159399
159400
159401
159402
159403
159404
159405
159406
159407
159408
159409
159410
159411
159412
159413
159414
159415
159416
159417
159418
159419
159420
159421
159422
159423
159424
159425
159426
159427
159428
159429
159430
159431
159432
159433
159434
159435
159436
159437
159438
159439
159440
159441
159442
159443
159444
159445
159446
159447
159448
......
159452
159453
159454
159455
159456
159457
159458
159459
159460
159461
159462
159463
159464
159465
159466
159467
159468
159469
159470
159471
159472
159473
159474
159475
159476
159477
159478
159479
159480
159481
159482
159483
159484
159485
159486
159487
159488
159489
159490
159491
159492
159493
159494
159495
159496
159497
159498
159499
159500
159501
159502
159503
159504
159505
159506
159507
159508
159509
159510
159511
159512
159513
159514
159515
159516
159517
159518
159519
159520
159521
159522
159523
159524
159525
159526
159527
159528
159529
159530
159531
159532
159533
159534
159535
159536
159537
159538
159539
159540
159541
159542
159543
159544
159545
159546
159547
159548
159549
159550
159551
159552
159553
159554
159555
159556
159557
159558
159559
159560
159561
159562
......
159567
159568
159569
159570
159571
159572
159573
159574
159575
159576
159577
159578
159579
159580
159581
......
159584
159585
159586
159587
159588
159589
159590
159591
159592
159593
159594
159595
159596
159597
159598
159599
159600
159601
159602
159603
159604
159605
159606
159607
159608
159609
159610
159611
159612
159613
159614
159615
159616
159617
159618
159619
159620
159621
159622
159623
159624
159625
159626
159627
159628
159629
159630
159631
159632
159633
159634
159635
159636
......
159637
159638
159639
159640
159641
159642
159643
159644
159645
159646
159647
159648
159649
159650
159651
159652
159653
159654
159655
159656
159657
159658
159659
159660
159661
159662
159663
159664
159665
159666
159667
159668
159669
159670
159671
159672
159673
159674
159675
159676
159677
159678
159679
159680
159681
159682
159683
159684
159685
159686
159687
159688
159689
159690
159691
159692
159693
159694
159695
159696
159697
159698
159699
159700
159701
159702
159703
159704
159705
159706
159707
159708
159709
159710
159711
......
159715
159716
159717
159718
159719
159720
159721
159722
159723
159724
159725
159726
159727
159728
159729
159730
159731
159732
159733
159734
......
159738
159739
159740
159741
159742
159743
159744
159745
159746
159747
159748
159749
159750
159751
159752
159753
159754
159755
159756
159757
159758
159759
159760
159761
159762
159763
159764
159765
159766
159767
159768
159769
159770
159771
159772
159773
159774
159775
159776
159777
159778
159779
159780
159781
159782
159783
159784
159785
159786
159787
159788
159789
159790
159791
159792
159793
159794
159795
159796
159797
159798
159799
159800
159801
159802
159803
159804
159805
159806
159807
159808
159809
159810
159811
159812
159813
159814
159815
159816
159817
159818
159819
......
159826
159827
159828
159829
159830
159831
159832
159833
159834
159835
159836
159837
159838
159839
159840
159841
159842
159843
159844
159845
159846
159847
159848
159849
159850
159851
159852
159853
159854
159855
159856
159857
159858
159859
159860
159861
159862
159863
159864
159865
159866
159867
159868
159869
159870
159871
159872
159873
159874
159875
159876
159877
159878
159879
159880
159881
159882
159883
159884
159885
159886
159887
159888
159889
159890
159891
159892
159893
159894
159895
159896
159897
159898
159899
159900
159901
159902
159903
159904
159905
159906
159907
159908
159909
159910
159911
159912
159913
159914
159915
159916
159917
159918
159919
159920
159921
159922
159923
159924
159925
159926
159927
159928
159929
159930
159931
159932
159933
159934
159935
159936
159937
159938
159939
159940
159941
159942
159943
159944
159945
159946
159947
159948
159949
159950
159951
159952
159953
159954
159955
159956
159957
159958
159959
159960
159961
159962
159963
159964
159965
159966
159967
159968
159969
159970
159971
159972
159973
159974
159975
159976
159977
159978
159979
159980
159981
159982
159983
159984
159985
159986
159987
159988
159989
159990
159991
159992
159993
159994
159995
159996
159997
159998
159999
160000
160001
160002
160003
160004
160005
160006
160007
160008
160009
160010
160011
160012
160013
160014
160015
160016
160017
160018
160019
160020
160021
160022
160023
160024
160025
160026
160027
160028
160029
160030
160031
160032
160033
160034
160035
160036
160037
160038
160039
160040
160041
160042
160043
160044
160045
160046
160047
160048
160049
160050
160051
160052
160053
160054
160055
160056
160057
160058
160059
160060
160061
160062
160063
160064
160065
160066
160067
160068
160069
160070
160071
160072
160073
160074
160075
160076
160077
160078
160079
160080
160081
160082
160083
160084
160085
160086
160087
160088
160089
160090
160091
160092
160093
160094
160095
160096
160097
160098
160099
160100
160101
160102
160103
160104
160105
160106
160107
160108
160109
160110
160111
160112
160113
160114
160115
160116
160117
160118
160119
160120
160121
160122
160123
160124
160125
160126
160127
160128
160129
160130
160131
160132
160133
160134
160135
160136
160137
160138
160139
160140
160141
160142
160143
160144
160145
160146
160147
160148
160149
160150
160151
160152
160153
160154
160155
160156
160157
160158
160159
160160
160161
160162
160163
160164
160165
160166
160167
160168
160169
160170
160171
160172
160173
160174
160175
160176
160177
160178
160179
160180
160181
160182
160183
160184
160185
160186
160187
160188
160189
160190
160191
160192
160193
160194
160195
160196
160197
160198
160199
160200
160201
160202
160203
160204
160205
160206
160207
160208
160209
160210
160211
160212
160213
160214
160215
160216
160217
160218
160219
160220
160221
160222
160223
160224
160225
160226
160227
160228
160229
160230
160231
160232
160233
160234
160235
160236
160237
160238
160239
160240
160241
160242
160243
160244
160245
160246
160247
160248
160249
160250
160251
160252
160253
160254
160255
160256
160257
160258
160259
160260
160261
160262
160263
160264
160265
160266
160267
160268
160269
160270
160271
160272
160273
160274
160275
160276
160277
160278
160279
160280
160281
160282
160283
160284
160285
160286
160287
160288
160289
160290
160291
160292
160293
160294
160295
160296
160297
160298
160299
160300
160301
160302
160303
160304
160305
160306
160307
160308
160309
160310
160311
160312
160313
160314
160315
160316
160317
160318
160319
160320
160321
160322
160323
160324
160325
160326
160327
160328
160329
160330
160331
160332
160333
160334
160335
160336
160337
160338
160339
160340
160341
160342
160343
160344
160345
160346
160347
160348
160349
160350
160351
160352
160353
160354
160355
160356
160357
160358
160359
160360
160361
160362
160363
160364
160365
160366
160367
160368
160369
160370
160371
160372
160373
160374
160375
160376
160377
160378
160379
160380
160381
160382
160383
160384
160385
160386
160387
160388
160389
160390
160391
160392
160393
160394
160395
160396
160397
160398
160399
160400
160401
160402
160403
160404
160405
160406
160407
160408
160409
160410
160411
160412
160413
160414
160415
160416
160417
160418
160419
160420
160421
160422
160423
160424
160425
160426
160427
160428
160429
160430
160431
160432
160433
160434
160435
160436
160437
160438
160439
160440
160441
160442
160443
160444
160445
160446
160447
160448
160449
160450
160451
160452
160453
160454
160455
160456
160457
160458
160459
160460
160461
160462
160463
160464
160465
160466
160467
160468
160469
160470
160471
160472
160473
160474
160475
160476
160477
160478
160479
160480
160481
160482
160483
160484
160485
160486
160487
160488
160489
160490
160491
160492
160493
160494
160495
160496
160497
160498
160499
160500
160501
......
160526
160527
160528
160529
160530
160531
160532
160533
160534
160535
160536
160537
160538
160539
160540
160541
160542
160543
160544
160545
160546
160547
160548
160549
160550
160551
160552
160553
160554
160555
160556
160557
160558
160559
160560
160561
160562
160563
160564
160565
160566
160567
160568
160569
160570
160571
160572
160573
160574
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......
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......
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......
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**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.8.11"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3008011
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2015-07-21 19:22:35 01c8b9ccfa0f336dfead7c004de3de571753f707"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
** circumstances in order to fix a problem with priority inversion.
** Applications should <em>not</em> use this file-control.
**
** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_ZIPVFS]]
** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_ZIPVFS] opcode is implemented by zipvfs only. All other
** VFS should return SQLITE_NOTFOUND for this opcode.
**
** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_OTA]]
** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_OTA] opcode is implemented by the special VFS used by
** the OTA extension only.  All other VFS should return SQLITE_NOTFOUND for
** this opcode.  
** </ul>
*/
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE               1
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE       2
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE       3
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_LAST_ERRNO              4
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_TRACE                  19
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_HAS_MOVED              20
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_SYNC                   21
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_COMMIT_PHASETWO        22
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_SET_HANDLE       23
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_WAL_BLOCK              24
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_ZIPVFS                 25
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_OTA                    26

/* deprecated names */
#define SQLITE_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE      SQLITE_FCNTL_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE
#define SQLITE_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE      SQLITE_FCNTL_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE
#define SQLITE_LAST_ERRNO             SQLITE_FCNTL_LAST_ERRNO


................................................................................
              int nPk = pPk->nKeyCol;
              int iPk;

              /* Read the PK into an array of temp registers. */
              r = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nPk);
              for(iPk=0; iPk<nPk; iPk++){
                int iCol = pPk->aiColumn[iPk];

                sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumn(pParse, pTab, iCol, iCur, r+iPk, 0);



              }

              /* Check if the temp table already contains this key. If so,
              ** the row has already been included in the result set and
              ** can be ignored (by jumping past the Gosub below). Otherwise,
              ** insert the key into the temp table and proceed with processing
              ** the row.
................................................................................
** The sz parameter is the number of bytes in each lookaside slot.
** The cnt parameter is the number of slots.  If pStart is NULL the
** space for the lookaside memory is obtained from sqlite3_malloc().
** If pStart is not NULL then it is sz*cnt bytes of memory to use for
** the lookaside memory.
*/
static int setupLookaside(sqlite3 *db, void *pBuf, int sz, int cnt){

  void *pStart;
  if( db->lookaside.nOut ){
    return SQLITE_BUSY;
  }
  /* Free any existing lookaside buffer for this handle before
  ** allocating a new one so we don't have to have space for 
  ** both at the same time.
................................................................................
    db->lookaside.bMalloced = pBuf==0 ?1:0;
  }else{
    db->lookaside.pStart = db;
    db->lookaside.pEnd = db;
    db->lookaside.bEnabled = 0;
    db->lookaside.bMalloced = 0;
  }

  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Return the mutex associated with a database connection.
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3_mutex *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_db_mutex(sqlite3 *db){
................................................................................
  *ppModule = &icuTokenizerModule;
}

#endif /* defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_ICU) */
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_CORE) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3) */

/************** End of fts3_icu.c ********************************************/
/************** Begin file sqlite3ota.c **************************************/
/*
** 2014 August 30
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
................................................................................
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
**
**
** OVERVIEW 
**
**  The OTA extension requires that the OTA update be packaged as an
**  SQLite database. The tables it expects to find are described in
**  sqlite3ota.h.  Essentially, for each table xyz in the target database
**  that the user wishes to write to, a corresponding data_xyz table is
**  created in the OTA database and populated with one row for each row to
**  update, insert or delete from the target table.
** 
**  The update proceeds in three stages:
** 
**  1) The database is updated. The modified database pages are written
**     to a *-oal file. A *-oal file is just like a *-wal file, except
**     that it is named "<database>-oal" instead of "<database>-wal".
**     Because regular SQLite clients do not look for file named
**     "<database>-oal", they go on using the original database in
**     rollback mode while the *-oal file is being generated.
** 
**     During this stage OTA does not update the database by writing
**     directly to the target tables. Instead it creates "imposter"
**     tables using the SQLITE_TESTCTRL_IMPOSTER interface that it uses
**     to update each b-tree individually. All updates required by each
**     b-tree are completed before moving on to the next, and all
**     updates are done in sorted key order.
** 
**  2) The "<database>-oal" file is moved to the equivalent "<database>-wal"
**     location using a call to rename(2). Before doing this the OTA
**     module takes an EXCLUSIVE lock on the database file, ensuring
**     that there are no other active readers.
** 
**     Once the EXCLUSIVE lock is released, any other database readers
**     detect the new *-wal file and read the database in wal mode. At
**     this point they see the new version of the database - including
**     the updates made as part of the OTA update.
** 
**  3) The new *-wal file is checkpointed. This proceeds in the same way 
**     as a regular database checkpoint, except that a single frame is
**     checkpointed each time sqlite3ota_step() is called. If the OTA
**     handle is closed before the entire *-wal file is checkpointed,
**     the checkpoint progress is saved in the OTA database and the
**     checkpoint can be resumed by another OTA client at some point in
**     the future.
**
** POTENTIAL PROBLEMS
** 
**  The rename() call might not be portable. And OTA is not currently
**  syncing the directory after renaming the file.
**
**  When state is saved, any commit to the *-oal file and the commit to
**  the OTA update database are not atomic. So if the power fails at the
**  wrong moment they might get out of sync. As the main database will be
**  committed before the OTA update database this will likely either just
**  pass unnoticed, or result in SQLITE_CONSTRAINT errors (due to UNIQUE
**  constraint violations).
**
**  If some client does modify the target database mid OTA update, or some
**  other error occurs, the OTA extension will keep throwing errors. It's
**  not really clear how to get out of this state. The system could just
**  by delete the OTA update database and *-oal file and have the device
**  download the update again and start over.
**
**  At present, for an UPDATE, both the new.* and old.* records are
**  collected in the ota_xyz table. And for both UPDATEs and DELETEs all
**  fields are collected.  This means we're probably writing a lot more
**  data to disk when saving the state of an ongoing update to the OTA
**  update database than is strictly necessary.
** 
*/

/* #include <assert.h> */
/* #include <string.h> */
/* #include <stdio.h> */
/* #include <unistd.h> */

/* #include "sqlite3.h" */

#if !defined(SQLITE_CORE) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_OTA)
/************** Include sqlite3ota.h in the middle of sqlite3ota.c ***********/
/************** Begin file sqlite3ota.h **************************************/
/*
** 2014 August 30
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
**
** This file contains the public interface for the OTA extension. 
*/

/*
** SUMMARY
**
** Writing a transaction containing a large number of operations on 
** b-tree indexes that are collectively larger than the available cache
................................................................................
** guarantee that a single update process will run for long enough to apply 
** the entire update, for example because the update is being applied on a 
** mobile device that is frequently rebooted. Even after the writer process 
** has committed one or more sub-transactions, other database clients continue
** to read from the original database snapshot. In other words, partially 
** applied transactions are not visible to other clients. 
**
** "OTA" stands for "Over The Air" update. As in a large database update
** transmitted via a wireless network to a mobile device. A transaction
** applied using this extension is hence refered to as an "OTA update".
**
**
** LIMITATIONS
**
** An "OTA update" transaction is subject to the following limitations:
**
**   * The transaction must consist of INSERT, UPDATE and DELETE operations
**     only.
**
**   * INSERT statements may not use any default values.
**
**   * UPDATE and DELETE statements must identify their target rows by 
................................................................................
**   * CHECK constraints are not enforced.
**
**   * No constraint handling mode except for "OR ROLLBACK" is supported.
**
**
** PREPARATION
**
** An "OTA update" is stored as a separate SQLite database. A database
** containing an OTA update is an "OTA database". For each table in the 
** target database to be updated, the OTA database should contain a table
** named "data_<target name>" containing the same set of columns as the
** target table, and one more - "ota_control". The data_% table should 
** have no PRIMARY KEY or UNIQUE constraints, but each column should have
** the same type as the corresponding column in the target database.
** The "ota_control" column should have no type at all. For example, if
** the target database contains:
**
**   CREATE TABLE t1(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, b TEXT, c UNIQUE);
**
** Then the OTA database should contain:
**
**   CREATE TABLE data_t1(a INTEGER, b TEXT, c, ota_control);
**
** The order of the columns in the data_% table does not matter.
**
** If the target database table is a virtual table or a table that has no
** PRIMARY KEY declaration, the data_% table must also contain a column 
** named "ota_rowid". This column is mapped to the tables implicit primary 
** key column - "rowid". Virtual tables for which the "rowid" column does 
** not function like a primary key value cannot be updated using OTA. For 
** example, if the target db contains either of the following:
**
**   CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE x1 USING fts3(a, b);
**   CREATE TABLE x1(a, b)
**
** then the OTA database should contain:
**
**   CREATE TABLE data_x1(a, b, ota_rowid, ota_control);
**
** All non-hidden columns (i.e. all columns matched by "SELECT *") of the
** target table must be present in the input table. For virtual tables,
** hidden columns are optional - they are updated by OTA if present in
** the input table, or not otherwise. For example, to write to an fts4
** table with a hidden languageid column such as:
**
**   CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE ft1 USING fts4(a, b, languageid='langid');
**
** Either of the following input table schemas may be used:
**
**   CREATE TABLE data_ft1(a, b, langid, ota_rowid, ota_control);
**   CREATE TABLE data_ft1(a, b, ota_rowid, ota_control);
**
** For each row to INSERT into the target database as part of the OTA 
** update, the corresponding data_% table should contain a single record
** with the "ota_control" column set to contain integer value 0. The
** other columns should be set to the values that make up the new record 
** to insert. 
**
** If the target database table has an INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, it is not 
** possible to insert a NULL value into the IPK column. Attempting to 
** do so results in an SQLITE_MISMATCH error.
**
** For each row to DELETE from the target database as part of the OTA 
** update, the corresponding data_% table should contain a single record
** with the "ota_control" column set to contain integer value 1. The
** real primary key values of the row to delete should be stored in the
** corresponding columns of the data_% table. The values stored in the
** other columns are not used.
**
** For each row to UPDATE from the target database as part of the OTA 
** update, the corresponding data_% table should contain a single record
** with the "ota_control" column set to contain a value of type text.
** The real primary key values identifying the row to update should be 
** stored in the corresponding columns of the data_% table row, as should
** the new values of all columns being update. The text value in the 
** "ota_control" column must contain the same number of characters as
** there are columns in the target database table, and must consist entirely
** of 'x' and '.' characters (or in some special cases 'd' - see below). For 
** each column that is being updated, the corresponding character is set to
** 'x'. For those that remain as they are, the corresponding character of the
** ota_control value should be set to '.'. For example, given the tables 
** above, the update statement:
**
**   UPDATE t1 SET c = 'usa' WHERE a = 4;
**
** is represented by the data_t1 row created by:
**
**   INSERT INTO data_t1(a, b, c, ota_control) VALUES(4, NULL, 'usa', '..x');
**
** Instead of an 'x' character, characters of the ota_control value specified
** for UPDATEs may also be set to 'd'. In this case, instead of updating the
** target table with the value stored in the corresponding data_% column, the
** user-defined SQL function "ota_delta()" is invoked and the result stored in
** the target table column. ota_delta() is invoked with two arguments - the
** original value currently stored in the target table column and the 
** value specified in the data_xxx table.
**
** For example, this row:
**
**   INSERT INTO data_t1(a, b, c, ota_control) VALUES(4, NULL, 'usa', '..d');
**
** is similar to an UPDATE statement such as: 
**
**   UPDATE t1 SET c = ota_delta(c, 'usa') WHERE a = 4;
**
** If the target database table is a virtual table or a table with no PRIMARY
** KEY, the ota_control value should not include a character corresponding 
** to the ota_rowid value. For example, this:
**
**   INSERT INTO data_ft1(a, b, ota_rowid, ota_control) 
**       VALUES(NULL, 'usa', 12, '.x');
**
** causes a result similar to:
**
**   UPDATE ft1 SET b = 'usa' WHERE rowid = 12;
**
** The data_xxx tables themselves should have no PRIMARY KEY declarations.
** However, OTA is more efficient if reading the rows in from each data_xxx
** table in "rowid" order is roughly the same as reading them sorted by
** the PRIMARY KEY of the corresponding target database table. In other 
** words, rows should be sorted using the destination table PRIMARY KEY 
** fields before they are inserted into the data_xxx tables.
**
** USAGE
**
** The API declared below allows an application to apply an OTA update 
** stored on disk to an existing target database. Essentially, the 
** application:
**
**     1) Opens an OTA handle using the sqlite3ota_open() function.
**
**     2) Registers any required virtual table modules with the database
**        handle returned by sqlite3ota_db(). Also, if required, register
**        the ota_delta() implementation.
**
**     3) Calls the sqlite3ota_step() function one or more times on
**        the new handle. Each call to sqlite3ota_step() performs a single
**        b-tree operation, so thousands of calls may be required to apply 
**        a complete update.
**
**     4) Calls sqlite3ota_close() to close the OTA update handle. If
**        sqlite3ota_step() has been called enough times to completely
**        apply the update to the target database, then the OTA database
**        is marked as fully applied. Otherwise, the state of the OTA 
**        update application is saved in the OTA database for later 
**        resumption.
**
** See comments below for more detail on APIs.
**
** If an update is only partially applied to the target database by the
** time sqlite3ota_close() is called, various state information is saved 
** within the OTA database. This allows subsequent processes to automatically
** resume the OTA update from where it left off.
**
** To remove all OTA extension state information, returning an OTA database 
** to its original contents, it is sufficient to drop all tables that begin
** with the prefix "ota_"
**
** DATABASE LOCKING
**
** An OTA update may not be applied to a database in WAL mode. Attempting
** to do so is an error (SQLITE_ERROR).
**
** While an OTA handle is open, a SHARED lock may be held on the target
** database file. This means it is possible for other clients to read the
** database, but not to write it.
**
** If an OTA update is started and then suspended before it is completed,
** then an external client writes to the database, then attempting to resume
** the suspended OTA update is also an error (SQLITE_BUSY).
*/

#ifndef _SQLITE3OTA_H
#define _SQLITE3OTA_H

/* #include "sqlite3.h"              ** Required for error code definitions ** */

typedef struct sqlite3ota sqlite3ota;

/*
** Open an OTA handle.
**
** Argument zTarget is the path to the target database. Argument zOta is
** the path to the OTA database. Each call to this function must be matched
** by a call to sqlite3ota_close(). When opening the databases, OTA passes
** the SQLITE_CONFIG_URI flag to sqlite3_open_v2(). So if either zTarget
** or zOta begin with "file:", it will be interpreted as an SQLite 
** database URI, not a regular file name.
**
** If the zState argument is passed a NULL value, the OTA extension stores 
** the current state of the update (how many rows have been updated, which 
** indexes are yet to be updated etc.) within the OTA database itself. This
** can be convenient, as it means that the OTA application does not need to
** organize removing a separate state file after the update is concluded. 
** Or, if zState is non-NULL, it must be a path to a database file in which 
** the OTA extension can store the state of the update.
**
** When resuming an OTA update, the zState argument must be passed the same
** value as when the OTA update was started.
**
** Once the OTA update is finished, the OTA extension does not 
** automatically remove any zState database file, even if it created it.
**
** By default, OTA uses the default VFS to access the files on disk. To
** use a VFS other than the default, an SQLite "file:" URI containing a
** "vfs=..." option may be passed as the zTarget option.
**
** IMPORTANT NOTE FOR ZIPVFS USERS: The OTA extension works with all of
** SQLite's built-in VFSs, including the multiplexor VFS. However it does
** not work out of the box with zipvfs. Refer to the comment describing
** the zipvfs_create_vfs() API below for details on using OTA with zipvfs.
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3ota *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3ota_open(
  const char *zTarget, 
  const char *zOta,
  const char *zState
);

/*
** Internally, each OTA connection uses a separate SQLite database 
** connection to access the target and ota update databases. This
** API allows the application direct access to these database handles.
**
** The first argument passed to this function must be a valid, open, OTA
** handle. The second argument should be passed zero to access the target
** database handle, or non-zero to access the ota update database handle.
** Accessing the underlying database handles may be useful in the
** following scenarios:
**
**   * If any target tables are virtual tables, it may be necessary to
**     call sqlite3_create_module() on the target database handle to 
**     register the required virtual table implementations.
**
**   * If the data_xxx tables in the OTA source database are virtual 
**     tables, the application may need to call sqlite3_create_module() on
**     the ota update db handle to any required virtual table
**     implementations.
**
**   * If the application uses the "ota_delta()" feature described above,
**     it must use sqlite3_create_function() or similar to register the
**     ota_delta() implementation with the target database handle.
**
** If an error has occurred, either while opening or stepping the OTA object,
** this function may return NULL. The error code and message may be collected
** when sqlite3ota_close() is called.
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3 *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3ota_db(sqlite3ota*, int bOta);

/*
** Do some work towards applying the OTA update to the target db. 
**
** Return SQLITE_DONE if the update has been completely applied, or 
** SQLITE_OK if no error occurs but there remains work to do to apply
** the OTA update. If an error does occur, some other error code is 
** returned. 
**
** Once a call to sqlite3ota_step() has returned a value other than
** SQLITE_OK, all subsequent calls on the same OTA handle are no-ops
** that immediately return the same value.
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3ota_step(sqlite3ota *pOta);

/*
** Close an OTA handle. 
**
** If the OTA update has been completely applied, mark the OTA database
** as fully applied. Otherwise, assuming no error has occurred, save the
** current state of the OTA update appliation to the OTA database.
**
** If an error has already occurred as part of an sqlite3ota_step()
** or sqlite3ota_open() call, or if one occurs within this function, an
** SQLite error code is returned. Additionally, *pzErrmsg may be set to
** point to a buffer containing a utf-8 formatted English language error
** message. It is the responsibility of the caller to eventually free any 
** such buffer using sqlite3_free().
**
** Otherwise, if no error occurs, this function returns SQLITE_OK if the
** update has been partially applied, or SQLITE_DONE if it has been 
** completely applied.
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3ota_close(sqlite3ota *pOta, char **pzErrmsg);

/*
** Return the total number of key-value operations (inserts, deletes or 
** updates) that have been performed on the target database since the
** current OTA update was started.
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3ota_progress(sqlite3ota *pOta);

/*
** Create an OTA VFS named zName that accesses the underlying file-system
** via existing VFS zParent. Or, if the zParent parameter is passed NULL, 
** then the new OTA VFS uses the default system VFS to access the file-system.
** The new object is registered as a non-default VFS with SQLite before 
** returning.
**
** Part of the OTA implementation uses a custom VFS object. Usually, this
** object is created and deleted automatically by OTA. 
**
** The exception is for applications that also use zipvfs. In this case,
** the custom VFS must be explicitly created by the user before the OTA
** handle is opened. The OTA VFS should be installed so that the zipvfs
** VFS uses the OTA VFS, which in turn uses any other VFS layers in use 
** (for example multiplexor) to access the file-system. For example,
** to assemble an OTA enabled VFS stack that uses both zipvfs and 
** multiplexor (error checking omitted):
**
**     // Create a VFS named "multiplex" (not the default).
**     sqlite3_multiplex_initialize(0, 0);
**
**     // Create an ota VFS named "ota" that uses multiplexor. If the
**     // second argument were replaced with NULL, the "ota" VFS would
**     // access the file-system via the system default VFS, bypassing the
**     // multiplexor.
**     sqlite3ota_create_vfs("ota", "multiplex");
**
**     // Create a zipvfs VFS named "zipvfs" that uses ota.
**     zipvfs_create_vfs_v3("zipvfs", "ota", 0, xCompressorAlgorithmDetector);
**
**     // Make zipvfs the default VFS.
**     sqlite3_vfs_register(sqlite3_vfs_find("zipvfs"), 1);
**
** Because the default VFS created above includes a OTA functionality, it
** may be used by OTA clients. Attempting to use OTA with a zipvfs VFS stack
** that does not include the OTA layer results in an error.
**
** The overhead of adding the "ota" VFS to the system is negligible for 
** non-OTA users. There is no harm in an application accessing the 
** file-system via "ota" all the time, even if it only uses OTA functionality 
** occasionally.
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3ota_create_vfs(const char *zName, const char *zParent);

/*
** Deregister and destroy an OTA vfs created by an earlier call to
** sqlite3ota_create_vfs().
**
** VFS objects are not reference counted. If a VFS object is destroyed
** before all database handles that use it have been closed, the results
** are undefined.
*/
SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3ota_destroy_vfs(const char *zName);

#endif /* _SQLITE3OTA_H */

/************** End of sqlite3ota.h ******************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in sqlite3ota.c *****************/

/* Maximum number of prepared UPDATE statements held by this module */
#define SQLITE_OTA_UPDATE_CACHESIZE 16

/*
** Swap two objects of type TYPE.
*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_AMALGAMATION)
# define SWAP(TYPE,A,B) {TYPE t=A; A=B; B=t;}
#endif

/*
** The ota_state table is used to save the state of a partially applied
** update so that it can be resumed later. The table consists of integer
** keys mapped to values as follows:
**
** OTA_STATE_STAGE:
**   May be set to integer values 1, 2, 4 or 5. As follows:
**       1: the *-ota file is currently under construction.
**       2: the *-ota file has been constructed, but not yet moved 
**          to the *-wal path.
**       4: the checkpoint is underway.
**       5: the ota update has been checkpointed.
**
** OTA_STATE_TBL:
**   Only valid if STAGE==1. The target database name of the table 
**   currently being written.
**
** OTA_STATE_IDX:
**   Only valid if STAGE==1. The target database name of the index 
**   currently being written, or NULL if the main table is currently being
**   updated.
**
** OTA_STATE_ROW:
**   Only valid if STAGE==1. Number of rows already processed for the current
**   table/index.
**
** OTA_STATE_PROGRESS:
**   Total number of sqlite3ota_step() calls made so far as part of this
**   ota update.
**
** OTA_STATE_CKPT:
**   Valid if STAGE==4. The 64-bit checksum associated with the wal-index
**   header created by recovering the *-wal file. This is used to detect
**   cases when another client appends frames to the *-wal file in the
**   middle of an incremental checkpoint (an incremental checkpoint cannot
**   be continued if this happens).
**
** OTA_STATE_COOKIE:
**   Valid if STAGE==1. The current change-counter cookie value in the 
**   target db file.
**
** OTA_STATE_OALSZ:
**   Valid if STAGE==1. The size in bytes of the *-oal file.
*/
#define OTA_STATE_STAGE       1
#define OTA_STATE_TBL         2
#define OTA_STATE_IDX         3
#define OTA_STATE_ROW         4
#define OTA_STATE_PROGRESS    5
#define OTA_STATE_CKPT        6
#define OTA_STATE_COOKIE      7
#define OTA_STATE_OALSZ       8

#define OTA_STAGE_OAL         1
#define OTA_STAGE_MOVE        2
#define OTA_STAGE_CAPTURE     3
#define OTA_STAGE_CKPT        4
#define OTA_STAGE_DONE        5


#define OTA_CREATE_STATE \
  "CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS %s.ota_state(k INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, v)"

typedef struct OtaFrame OtaFrame;
typedef struct OtaObjIter OtaObjIter;
typedef struct OtaState OtaState;
typedef struct ota_vfs ota_vfs;
typedef struct ota_file ota_file;
typedef struct OtaUpdateStmt OtaUpdateStmt;

#if !defined(SQLITE_AMALGAMATION)
typedef unsigned int u32;
typedef unsigned char u8;
typedef sqlite3_int64 i64;
#endif

................................................................................
** format.
*/
#define WAL_LOCK_WRITE  0
#define WAL_LOCK_CKPT   1
#define WAL_LOCK_READ0  3

/*
** A structure to store values read from the ota_state table in memory.
*/
struct OtaState {
  int eStage;
  char *zTbl;
  char *zIdx;
  i64 iWalCksum;
  int nRow;
  i64 nProgress;
  u32 iCookie;
  i64 iOalSz;
};

struct OtaUpdateStmt {
  char *zMask;                    /* Copy of update mask used with pUpdate */
  sqlite3_stmt *pUpdate;          /* Last update statement (or NULL) */
  OtaUpdateStmt *pNext;
};

/*
** An iterator of this type is used to iterate through all objects in
** the target database that require updating. For each such table, the
** iterator visits, in order:
**
................................................................................
** abIndexed:
**   If the table has no indexes on it, abIndexed is set to NULL. Otherwise,
**   it points to an array of flags nTblCol elements in size. The flag is
**   set for each column that is either a part of the PK or a part of an
**   index. Or clear otherwise.
**   
*/
struct OtaObjIter {
  sqlite3_stmt *pTblIter;         /* Iterate through tables */
  sqlite3_stmt *pIdxIter;         /* Index iterator */
  int nTblCol;                    /* Size of azTblCol[] array */
  char **azTblCol;                /* Array of unquoted target column names */
  char **azTblType;               /* Array of target column types */
  int *aiSrcOrder;                /* src table col -> target table col */
  u8 *abTblPk;                    /* Array of flags, set on target PK columns */
  u8 *abNotNull;                  /* Array of flags, set on NOT NULL columns */
  u8 *abIndexed;                  /* Array of flags, set on indexed & PK cols */
  int eType;                      /* Table type - an OTA_PK_XXX value */

  /* Output variables. zTbl==0 implies EOF. */
  int bCleanup;                   /* True in "cleanup" state */
  const char *zTbl;               /* Name of target db table */
  const char *zIdx;               /* Name of target db index (or null) */
  int iTnum;                      /* Root page of current object */
  int iPkTnum;                    /* If eType==EXTERNAL, root of PK index */
  int bUnique;                    /* Current index is unique */

  /* Statements created by otaObjIterPrepareAll() */
  int nCol;                       /* Number of columns in current object */
  sqlite3_stmt *pSelect;          /* Source data */
  sqlite3_stmt *pInsert;          /* Statement for INSERT operations */
  sqlite3_stmt *pDelete;          /* Statement for DELETE ops */
  sqlite3_stmt *pTmpInsert;       /* Insert into ota_tmp_$zTbl */

  /* Last UPDATE used (for PK b-tree updates only), or NULL. */
  OtaUpdateStmt *pOtaUpdate;
};

/*
** Values for OtaObjIter.eType
**
**     0: Table does not exist (error)
**     1: Table has an implicit rowid.
**     2: Table has an explicit IPK column.
**     3: Table has an external PK index.
**     4: Table is WITHOUT ROWID.
**     5: Table is a virtual table.
*/
#define OTA_PK_NOTABLE        0
#define OTA_PK_NONE           1
#define OTA_PK_IPK            2
#define OTA_PK_EXTERNAL       3
#define OTA_PK_WITHOUT_ROWID  4
#define OTA_PK_VTAB           5


/*
** Within the OTA_STAGE_OAL stage, each call to sqlite3ota_step() performs
** one of the following operations.
*/
#define OTA_INSERT     1          /* Insert on a main table b-tree */
#define OTA_DELETE     2          /* Delete a row from a main table b-tree */
#define OTA_IDX_DELETE 3          /* Delete a row from an aux. index b-tree */
#define OTA_IDX_INSERT 4          /* Insert on an aux. index b-tree */
#define OTA_UPDATE     5          /* Update a row in a main table b-tree */


/*
** A single step of an incremental checkpoint - frame iWalFrame of the wal
** file should be copied to page iDbPage of the database file.
*/
struct OtaFrame {
  u32 iDbPage;
  u32 iWalFrame;
};

/*
** OTA handle.
*/
struct sqlite3ota {
  int eStage;                     /* Value of OTA_STATE_STAGE field */
  sqlite3 *dbMain;                /* target database handle */
  sqlite3 *dbOta;                 /* ota database handle */
  char *zTarget;                  /* Path to target db */
  char *zOta;                     /* Path to ota db */
  char *zState;                   /* Path to state db (or NULL if zOta) */
  char zStateDb[5];               /* Db name for state ("stat" or "main") */
  int rc;                         /* Value returned by last ota_step() call */
  char *zErrmsg;                  /* Error message if rc!=SQLITE_OK */
  int nStep;                      /* Rows processed for current object */
  int nProgress;                  /* Rows processed for all objects */
  OtaObjIter objiter;             /* Iterator for skipping through tbl/idx */
  const char *zVfsName;           /* Name of automatically created ota vfs */
  ota_file *pTargetFd;            /* File handle open on target db */
  i64 iOalSz;

  /* The following state variables are used as part of the incremental
  ** checkpoint stage (eStage==OTA_STAGE_CKPT). See comments surrounding
  ** function otaSetupCheckpoint() for details.  */
  u32 iMaxFrame;                  /* Largest iWalFrame value in aFrame[] */
  u32 mLock;
  int nFrame;                     /* Entries in aFrame[] array */
  int nFrameAlloc;                /* Allocated size of aFrame[] array */
  OtaFrame *aFrame;
  int pgsz;
  u8 *aBuf;
  i64 iWalCksum;
};

/*
** An ota VFS is implemented using an instance of this structure.
*/
struct ota_vfs {
  sqlite3_vfs base;               /* ota VFS shim methods */
  sqlite3_vfs *pRealVfs;          /* Underlying VFS */
  sqlite3_mutex *mutex;           /* Mutex to protect pMain */
  ota_file *pMain;                /* Linked list of main db files */
};

/*
** Each file opened by an ota VFS is represented by an instance of
** the following structure.
*/
struct ota_file {
  sqlite3_file base;              /* sqlite3_file methods */
  sqlite3_file *pReal;            /* Underlying file handle */
  ota_vfs *pOtaVfs;               /* Pointer to the ota_vfs object */
  sqlite3ota *pOta;               /* Pointer to ota object (ota target only) */

  int openFlags;                  /* Flags this file was opened with */
  u32 iCookie;                    /* Cookie value for main db files */
  u8 iWriteVer;                   /* "write-version" value for main db files */

  int nShm;                       /* Number of entries in apShm[] array */
  char **apShm;                   /* Array of mmap'd *-shm regions */
  char *zDel;                     /* Delete this when closing file */

  const char *zWal;               /* Wal filename for this main db file */
  ota_file *pWalFd;               /* Wal file descriptor for this main db */
  ota_file *pMainNext;            /* Next MAIN_DB file */
};


/*
** Prepare the SQL statement in buffer zSql against database handle db.
** If successful, set *ppStmt to point to the new statement and return
** SQLITE_OK. 
................................................................................
    rc = prepareAndCollectError(db, ppStmt, pzErrmsg, zSql);
    sqlite3_free(zSql);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Free the OtaObjIter.azTblCol[] and OtaObjIter.abTblPk[] arrays allocated
** by an earlier call to otaObjIterCacheTableInfo().
*/
static void otaObjIterFreeCols(OtaObjIter *pIter){
  int i;
  for(i=0; i<pIter->nTblCol; i++){
    sqlite3_free(pIter->azTblCol[i]);
    sqlite3_free(pIter->azTblType[i]);
  }
  sqlite3_free(pIter->azTblCol);
  pIter->azTblCol = 0;
................................................................................
  pIter->eType = 0;               /* Invalid value */
}

/*
** Finalize all statements and free all allocations that are specific to
** the current object (table/index pair).
*/
static void otaObjIterClearStatements(OtaObjIter *pIter){
  OtaUpdateStmt *pUp;

  sqlite3_finalize(pIter->pSelect);
  sqlite3_finalize(pIter->pInsert);
  sqlite3_finalize(pIter->pDelete);
  sqlite3_finalize(pIter->pTmpInsert);
  pUp = pIter->pOtaUpdate;
  while( pUp ){
    OtaUpdateStmt *pTmp = pUp->pNext;
    sqlite3_finalize(pUp->pUpdate);
    sqlite3_free(pUp);
    pUp = pTmp;
  }
  
  pIter->pSelect = 0;
  pIter->pInsert = 0;
  pIter->pDelete = 0;
  pIter->pOtaUpdate = 0;
  pIter->pTmpInsert = 0;
  pIter->nCol = 0;
}

/*
** Clean up any resources allocated as part of the iterator object passed
** as the only argument.
*/
static void otaObjIterFinalize(OtaObjIter *pIter){
  otaObjIterClearStatements(pIter);
  sqlite3_finalize(pIter->pTblIter);
  sqlite3_finalize(pIter->pIdxIter);
  otaObjIterFreeCols(pIter);
  memset(pIter, 0, sizeof(OtaObjIter));
}

/*
** Advance the iterator to the next position.
**
** If no error occurs, SQLITE_OK is returned and the iterator is left 
** pointing to the next entry. Otherwise, an error code and message is 
** left in the OTA handle passed as the first argument. A copy of the 
** error code is returned.
*/
static int otaObjIterNext(sqlite3ota *p, OtaObjIter *pIter){
  int rc = p->rc;
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){

    /* Free any SQLite statements used while processing the previous object */ 
    otaObjIterClearStatements(pIter);
    if( pIter->zIdx==0 ){
      rc = sqlite3_exec(p->dbMain,
          "DROP TRIGGER IF EXISTS temp.ota_insert_tr;"
          "DROP TRIGGER IF EXISTS temp.ota_update1_tr;"
          "DROP TRIGGER IF EXISTS temp.ota_update2_tr;"
          "DROP TRIGGER IF EXISTS temp.ota_delete_tr;"
          , 0, 0, &p->zErrmsg
      );
    }

    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      if( pIter->bCleanup ){
        otaObjIterFreeCols(pIter);
        pIter->bCleanup = 0;
        rc = sqlite3_step(pIter->pTblIter);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_ROW ){
          rc = resetAndCollectError(pIter->pTblIter, &p->zErrmsg);
          pIter->zTbl = 0;
        }else{
          pIter->zTbl = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pIter->pTblIter, 0);
................................................................................
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }

  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    otaObjIterFinalize(pIter);
    p->rc = rc;
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Initialize the iterator structure passed as the second argument.
**
** If no error occurs, SQLITE_OK is returned and the iterator is left 
** pointing to the first entry. Otherwise, an error code and message is 
** left in the OTA handle passed as the first argument. A copy of the 
** error code is returned.
*/
static int otaObjIterFirst(sqlite3ota *p, OtaObjIter *pIter){
  int rc;
  memset(pIter, 0, sizeof(OtaObjIter));

  rc = prepareAndCollectError(p->dbOta, &pIter->pTblIter, &p->zErrmsg, 
      "SELECT substr(name, 6) FROM sqlite_master "
      "WHERE type='table' AND name LIKE 'data_%'"
  );

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = prepareAndCollectError(p->dbMain, &pIter->pIdxIter, &p->zErrmsg,
        "SELECT name, rootpage, sql IS NULL OR substr(8, 6)=='UNIQUE' "
................................................................................
        "  FROM main.sqlite_master "
        "  WHERE type='index' AND tbl_name = ?"
    );
  }

  pIter->bCleanup = 1;
  p->rc = rc;
  return otaObjIterNext(p, pIter);
}

/*
** This is a wrapper around "sqlite3_mprintf(zFmt, ...)". If an OOM occurs,
** an error code is stored in the OTA handle passed as the first argument.
**
** If an error has already occurred (p->rc is already set to something other
** than SQLITE_OK), then this function returns NULL without modifying the
** stored error code. In this case it still calls sqlite3_free() on any 
** printf() parameters associated with %z conversions.
*/
static char *otaMPrintf(sqlite3ota *p, const char *zFmt, ...){
  char *zSql = 0;
  va_list ap;
  va_start(ap, zFmt);
  zSql = sqlite3_vmprintf(zFmt, ap);
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( zSql==0 ) p->rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }else{
................................................................................
  return zSql;
}

/*
** Argument zFmt is a sqlite3_mprintf() style format string. The trailing
** arguments are the usual subsitution values. This function performs
** the printf() style substitutions and executes the result as an SQL
** statement on the OTA handles database.
**
** If an error occurs, an error code and error message is stored in the
** OTA handle. If an error has already occurred when this function is
** called, it is a no-op.
*/
static int otaMPrintfExec(sqlite3ota *p, sqlite3 *db, const char *zFmt, ...){
  va_list ap;
  va_start(ap, zFmt);
  char *zSql = sqlite3_vmprintf(zFmt, ap);
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( zSql==0 ){
      p->rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }else{
................................................................................
}

/*
** Attempt to allocate and return a pointer to a zeroed block of nByte 
** bytes. 
**
** If an error (i.e. an OOM condition) occurs, return NULL and leave an 
** error code in the ota handle passed as the first argument. Or, if an 
** error has already occurred when this function is called, return NULL 
** immediately without attempting the allocation or modifying the stored
** error code.
*/
static void *otaMalloc(sqlite3ota *p, int nByte){
  void *pRet = 0;
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    assert( nByte>0 );
    pRet = sqlite3_malloc(nByte);
    if( pRet==0 ){
      p->rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }else{
................................................................................
  return pRet;
}


/*
** Allocate and zero the pIter->azTblCol[] and abTblPk[] arrays so that
** there is room for at least nCol elements. If an OOM occurs, store an
** error code in the OTA handle passed as the first argument.
*/
static void otaAllocateIterArrays(sqlite3ota *p, OtaObjIter *pIter, int nCol){
  int nByte = (2*sizeof(char*) + sizeof(int) + 3*sizeof(u8)) * nCol;
  char **azNew;

  azNew = (char**)otaMalloc(p, nByte);
  if( azNew ){
    pIter->azTblCol = azNew;
    pIter->azTblType = &azNew[nCol];
    pIter->aiSrcOrder = (int*)&pIter->azTblType[nCol];
    pIter->abTblPk = (u8*)&pIter->aiSrcOrder[nCol];
    pIter->abNotNull = (u8*)&pIter->abTblPk[nCol];
    pIter->abIndexed = (u8*)&pIter->abNotNull[nCol];
................................................................................
** It is the responsibility of the caller to eventually free this memory
** using sqlite3_free().
**
** If an OOM condition is encountered when attempting to allocate memory,
** output variable (*pRc) is set to SQLITE_NOMEM before returning. Otherwise,
** if the allocation succeeds, (*pRc) is left unchanged.
*/
static char *otaStrndup(const char *zStr, int *pRc){
  char *zRet = 0;

  assert( *pRc==SQLITE_OK );
  if( zStr ){
    int nCopy = strlen(zStr) + 1;
    zRet = (char*)sqlite3_malloc(nCopy);
    if( zRet ){
................................................................................
  return zRet;
}

/*
** Finalize the statement passed as the second argument.
**
** If the sqlite3_finalize() call indicates that an error occurs, and the
** ota handle error code is not already set, set the error code and error
** message accordingly.
*/
static void otaFinalize(sqlite3ota *p, sqlite3_stmt *pStmt){
  sqlite3 *db = sqlite3_db_handle(pStmt);
  int rc = sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK && rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    p->rc = rc;
    p->zErrmsg = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", sqlite3_errmsg(db));
  }
}
................................................................................

/* Determine the type of a table.
**
**   peType is of type (int*), a pointer to an output parameter of type
**   (int). This call sets the output parameter as follows, depending
**   on the type of the table specified by parameters dbName and zTbl.
**
**     OTA_PK_NOTABLE:       No such table.
**     OTA_PK_NONE:          Table has an implicit rowid.
**     OTA_PK_IPK:           Table has an explicit IPK column.
**     OTA_PK_EXTERNAL:      Table has an external PK index.
**     OTA_PK_WITHOUT_ROWID: Table is WITHOUT ROWID.
**     OTA_PK_VTAB:          Table is a virtual table.
**
**   Argument *piPk is also of type (int*), and also points to an output
**   parameter. Unless the table has an external primary key index 
**   (i.e. unless *peType is set to 3), then *piPk is set to zero. Or,
**   if the table does have an external primary key index, then *piPk
**   is set to the root page number of the primary key index before
**   returning.
**
** ALGORITHM:
**
**   if( no entry exists in sqlite_master ){
**     return OTA_PK_NOTABLE
**   }else if( sql for the entry starts with "CREATE VIRTUAL" ){
**     return OTA_PK_VTAB
**   }else if( "PRAGMA index_list()" for the table contains a "pk" index ){
**     if( the index that is the pk exists in sqlite_master ){
**       *piPK = rootpage of that index.
**       return OTA_PK_EXTERNAL
**     }else{
**       return OTA_PK_WITHOUT_ROWID
**     }
**   }else if( "PRAGMA table_info()" lists one or more "pk" columns ){
**     return OTA_PK_IPK
**   }else{
**     return OTA_PK_NONE
**   }
*/
static void otaTableType(
  sqlite3ota *p,
  const char *zTab,
  int *peType,
  int *piTnum,
  int *piPk
){
  /*
  ** 0) SELECT count(*) FROM sqlite_master where name=%Q AND IsVirtual(%Q)
  ** 1) PRAGMA index_list = ?
  ** 2) SELECT count(*) FROM sqlite_master where name=%Q 
  ** 3) PRAGMA table_info = ?
  */
  sqlite3_stmt *aStmt[4] = {0, 0, 0, 0};

  *peType = OTA_PK_NOTABLE;
  *piPk = 0;

  assert( p->rc==SQLITE_OK );
  p->rc = prepareFreeAndCollectError(p->dbMain, &aStmt[0], &p->zErrmsg, 
    sqlite3_mprintf(
          "SELECT (sql LIKE 'create virtual%%'), rootpage"
          "  FROM sqlite_master"
          " WHERE name=%Q", zTab
  ));
  if( p->rc!=SQLITE_OK || sqlite3_step(aStmt[0])!=SQLITE_ROW ){
    /* Either an error, or no such table. */
    goto otaTableType_end;
  }
  if( sqlite3_column_int(aStmt[0], 0) ){
    *peType = OTA_PK_VTAB;                     /* virtual table */
    goto otaTableType_end;
  }
  *piTnum = sqlite3_column_int(aStmt[0], 1);

  p->rc = prepareFreeAndCollectError(p->dbMain, &aStmt[1], &p->zErrmsg, 
    sqlite3_mprintf("PRAGMA index_list=%Q",zTab)
  );
  if( p->rc ) goto otaTableType_end;
  while( sqlite3_step(aStmt[1])==SQLITE_ROW ){
    const u8 *zOrig = sqlite3_column_text(aStmt[1], 3);
    const u8 *zIdx = sqlite3_column_text(aStmt[1], 1);
    if( zOrig && zIdx && zOrig[0]=='p' ){
      p->rc = prepareFreeAndCollectError(p->dbMain, &aStmt[2], &p->zErrmsg, 
          sqlite3_mprintf(
            "SELECT rootpage FROM sqlite_master WHERE name = %Q", zIdx
      ));
      if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        if( sqlite3_step(aStmt[2])==SQLITE_ROW ){
          *piPk = sqlite3_column_int(aStmt[2], 0);
          *peType = OTA_PK_EXTERNAL;
        }else{
          *peType = OTA_PK_WITHOUT_ROWID;
        }
      }
      goto otaTableType_end;
    }
  }

  p->rc = prepareFreeAndCollectError(p->dbMain, &aStmt[3], &p->zErrmsg, 
    sqlite3_mprintf("PRAGMA table_info=%Q",zTab)
  );
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    while( sqlite3_step(aStmt[3])==SQLITE_ROW ){
      if( sqlite3_column_int(aStmt[3],5)>0 ){
        *peType = OTA_PK_IPK;                /* explicit IPK column */
        goto otaTableType_end;
      }
    }
    *peType = OTA_PK_NONE;
  }

otaTableType_end: {
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<sizeof(aStmt)/sizeof(aStmt[0]); i++){
      otaFinalize(p, aStmt[i]);
    }
  }
}

/*
** This is a helper function for otaObjIterCacheTableInfo(). It populates
** the pIter->abIndexed[] array.
*/
static void otaObjIterCacheIndexedCols(sqlite3ota *p, OtaObjIter *pIter){
  sqlite3_stmt *pList = 0;
  int bIndex = 0;

  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    memcpy(pIter->abIndexed, pIter->abTblPk, sizeof(u8)*pIter->nTblCol);
    p->rc = prepareFreeAndCollectError(p->dbMain, &pList, &p->zErrmsg,
        sqlite3_mprintf("PRAGMA main.index_list = %Q", pIter->zTbl)
................................................................................
    p->rc = prepareFreeAndCollectError(p->dbMain, &pXInfo, &p->zErrmsg,
        sqlite3_mprintf("PRAGMA main.index_xinfo = %Q", zIdx)
    );
    while( p->rc==SQLITE_OK && SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pXInfo) ){
      int iCid = sqlite3_column_int(pXInfo, 1);
      if( iCid>=0 ) pIter->abIndexed[iCid] = 1;
    }
    otaFinalize(p, pXInfo);
    bIndex = 1;
  }

  otaFinalize(p, pList);
  if( bIndex==0 ) pIter->abIndexed = 0;
}


/*
** If they are not already populated, populate the pIter->azTblCol[],
** pIter->abTblPk[], pIter->nTblCol and pIter->bRowid variables according to
** the table (not index) that the iterator currently points to.
**
** Return SQLITE_OK if successful, or an SQLite error code otherwise. If
** an error does occur, an error code and error message are also left in 
** the OTA handle.
*/
static int otaObjIterCacheTableInfo(sqlite3ota *p, OtaObjIter *pIter){
  if( pIter->azTblCol==0 ){
    sqlite3_stmt *pStmt = 0;
    int nCol = 0;
    int i;                        /* for() loop iterator variable */
    int bOtaRowid = 0;            /* If input table has column "ota_rowid" */
    int iOrder = 0;
    int iTnum = 0;

    /* Figure out the type of table this step will deal with. */
    assert( pIter->eType==0 );
    otaTableType(p, pIter->zTbl, &pIter->eType, &iTnum, &pIter->iPkTnum);
    if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK && pIter->eType==OTA_PK_NOTABLE ){
      p->rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
      p->zErrmsg = sqlite3_mprintf("no such table: %s", pIter->zTbl);
    }
    if( p->rc ) return p->rc;
    if( pIter->zIdx==0 ) pIter->iTnum = iTnum;

    assert( pIter->eType==OTA_PK_NONE || pIter->eType==OTA_PK_IPK 
         || pIter->eType==OTA_PK_EXTERNAL || pIter->eType==OTA_PK_WITHOUT_ROWID
         || pIter->eType==OTA_PK_VTAB
    );

    /* Populate the azTblCol[] and nTblCol variables based on the columns
    ** of the input table. Ignore any input table columns that begin with
    ** "ota_".  */
    p->rc = prepareFreeAndCollectError(p->dbOta, &pStmt, &p->zErrmsg, 
        sqlite3_mprintf("SELECT * FROM 'data_%q'", pIter->zTbl)
    );
    if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      nCol = sqlite3_column_count(pStmt);
      otaAllocateIterArrays(p, pIter, nCol);
    }
    for(i=0; p->rc==SQLITE_OK && i<nCol; i++){
      const char *zName = (const char*)sqlite3_column_name(pStmt, i);
      if( sqlite3_strnicmp("ota_", zName, 4) ){
        char *zCopy = otaStrndup(zName, &p->rc);
        pIter->aiSrcOrder[pIter->nTblCol] = pIter->nTblCol;
        pIter->azTblCol[pIter->nTblCol++] = zCopy;
      }
      else if( 0==sqlite3_stricmp("ota_rowid", zName) ){
        bOtaRowid = 1;
      }
    }
    sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
    pStmt = 0;

    if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK
     && bOtaRowid!=(pIter->eType==OTA_PK_VTAB || pIter->eType==OTA_PK_NONE)
    ){
      p->rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
      p->zErrmsg = sqlite3_mprintf(
          "table data_%q %s ota_rowid column", pIter->zTbl,
          (bOtaRowid ? "may not have" : "requires")
      );
    }

    /* Check that all non-HIDDEN columns in the destination table are also
    ** present in the input table. Populate the abTblPk[], azTblType[] and
    ** aiTblOrder[] arrays at the same time.  */
    if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
................................................................................
        const char *zType = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 2);

        if( i!=iOrder ){
          SWAP(int, pIter->aiSrcOrder[i], pIter->aiSrcOrder[iOrder]);
          SWAP(char*, pIter->azTblCol[i], pIter->azTblCol[iOrder]);
        }

        pIter->azTblType[iOrder] = otaStrndup(zType, &p->rc);
        pIter->abTblPk[iOrder] = (iPk!=0);
        pIter->abNotNull[iOrder] = (u8)bNotNull || (iPk!=0);
        iOrder++;
      }
    }

    otaFinalize(p, pStmt);
    otaObjIterCacheIndexedCols(p, pIter);
    assert( pIter->eType!=OTA_PK_VTAB || pIter->abIndexed==0 );
  }

  return p->rc;
}

/*
** This function constructs and returns a pointer to a nul-terminated 
** string containing some SQL clause or list based on one or more of the 
** column names currently stored in the pIter->azTblCol[] array.
*/
static char *otaObjIterGetCollist(
  sqlite3ota *p,                  /* OTA object */
  OtaObjIter *pIter               /* Object iterator for column names */
){
  char *zList = 0;
  const char *zSep = "";
  int i;
  for(i=0; i<pIter->nTblCol; i++){
    const char *z = pIter->azTblCol[i];
    zList = otaMPrintf(p, "%z%s\"%w\"", zList, zSep, z);
    zSep = ", ";
  }
  return zList;
}

/*
** This function is used to create a SELECT list (the list of SQL 
** expressions that follows a SELECT keyword) for a SELECT statement 
** used to read from an data_xxx or ota_tmp_xxx table while updating the 
** index object currently indicated by the iterator object passed as the 
** second argument. A "PRAGMA index_xinfo = <idxname>" statement is used 
** to obtain the required information.
**
** If the index is of the following form:
**
**   CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(c, b COLLATE nocase);
................................................................................
** As well as the returned string, three other malloc'd strings are 
** returned via output parameters. As follows:
**
**   pzImposterCols: ...
**   pzImposterPk: ...
**   pzWhere: ...
*/
static char *otaObjIterGetIndexCols(
  sqlite3ota *p,                  /* OTA object */
  OtaObjIter *pIter,              /* Object iterator for column names */
  char **pzImposterCols,          /* OUT: Columns for imposter table */
  char **pzImposterPk,            /* OUT: Imposter PK clause */
  char **pzWhere,                 /* OUT: WHERE clause */
  int *pnBind                     /* OUT: Total number of columns */
){
  int rc = p->rc;                 /* Error code */
  int rc2;                        /* sqlite3_finalize() return code */
  char *zRet = 0;                 /* String to return */
  char *zImpCols = 0;             /* String to return via *pzImposterCols */
  char *zImpPK = 0;               /* String to return via *pzImposterPK */
  char *zWhere = 0;               /* String to return via *pzWhere */
................................................................................
    int bDesc = sqlite3_column_int(pXInfo, 3);
    const char *zCollate = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pXInfo, 4);
    const char *zCol;
    const char *zType;

    if( iCid<0 ){
      /* An integer primary key. If the table has an explicit IPK, use
      ** its name. Otherwise, use "ota_rowid".  */
      if( pIter->eType==OTA_PK_IPK ){
        int i;
        for(i=0; pIter->abTblPk[i]==0; i++);
        assert( i<pIter->nTblCol );
        zCol = pIter->azTblCol[i];
      }else{
        zCol = "ota_rowid";
      }
      zType = "INTEGER";
    }else{
      zCol = pIter->azTblCol[iCid];
      zType = pIter->azTblType[iCid];
    }

    zRet = sqlite3_mprintf("%z%s\"%w\" COLLATE %Q", zRet, zCom, zCol, zCollate);
    if( pIter->bUnique==0 || sqlite3_column_int(pXInfo, 5) ){
      const char *zOrder = (bDesc ? " DESC" : "");
      zImpPK = sqlite3_mprintf("%z%s\"ota_imp_%d%w\"%s", 
          zImpPK, zCom, nBind, zCol, zOrder
      );
    }
    zImpCols = sqlite3_mprintf("%z%s\"ota_imp_%d%w\" %s COLLATE %Q", 
        zImpCols, zCom, nBind, zCol, zType, zCollate
    );
    zWhere = sqlite3_mprintf(
        "%z%s\"ota_imp_%d%w\" IS ?", zWhere, zAnd, nBind, zCol
    );
    if( zRet==0 || zImpPK==0 || zImpCols==0 || zWhere==0 ) rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    zCom = ", ";
    zAnd = " AND ";
    nBind++;
  }

................................................................................
** Assuming the current table columns are "a", "b" and "c", and the zObj
** paramter is passed "old", return a string of the form:
**
**     "old.a, old.b, old.b"
**
** With the column names escaped.
**
** For tables with implicit rowids - OTA_PK_EXTERNAL and OTA_PK_NONE, append
** the text ", old._rowid_" to the returned value.
*/
static char *otaObjIterGetOldlist(
  sqlite3ota *p, 
  OtaObjIter *pIter,
  const char *zObj
){
  char *zList = 0;
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK && pIter->abIndexed ){
    const char *zS = "";
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<pIter->nTblCol; i++){
................................................................................
      if( zList==0 ){
        p->rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
        break;
      }
    }

    /* For a table with implicit rowids, append "old._rowid_" to the list. */
    if( pIter->eType==OTA_PK_EXTERNAL || pIter->eType==OTA_PK_NONE ){
      zList = otaMPrintf(p, "%z, %s._rowid_", zList, zObj);
    }
  }
  return zList;
}

/*
** Return an expression that can be used in a WHERE clause to match the
................................................................................
**
**   CREATE TABLE t1(a, b, c, PRIMARY KEY(b, c));
**
** Return the string:
**
**   "b = ?1 AND c = ?2"
*/
static char *otaObjIterGetWhere(
  sqlite3ota *p, 
  OtaObjIter *pIter
){
  char *zList = 0;
  if( pIter->eType==OTA_PK_VTAB || pIter->eType==OTA_PK_NONE ){
    zList = otaMPrintf(p, "_rowid_ = ?%d", pIter->nTblCol+1);
  }else if( pIter->eType==OTA_PK_EXTERNAL ){
    const char *zSep = "";
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<pIter->nTblCol; i++){
      if( pIter->abTblPk[i] ){
        zList = otaMPrintf(p, "%z%sc%d=?%d", zList, zSep, i, i+1);
        zSep = " AND ";
      }
    }
    zList = otaMPrintf(p, 
        "_rowid_ = (SELECT id FROM ota_imposter2 WHERE %z)", zList
    );

  }else{
    const char *zSep = "";
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<pIter->nTblCol; i++){
      if( pIter->abTblPk[i] ){
        const char *zCol = pIter->azTblCol[i];
        zList = otaMPrintf(p, "%z%s\"%w\"=?%d", zList, zSep, zCol, i+1);
        zSep = " AND ";
      }
    }
  }
  return zList;
}

/*
** The SELECT statement iterating through the keys for the current object
** (p->objiter.pSelect) currently points to a valid row. However, there
** is something wrong with the ota_control value in the ota_control value
** stored in the (p->nCol+1)'th column. Set the error code and error message
** of the OTA handle to something reflecting this.
*/
static void otaBadControlError(sqlite3ota *p){
  p->rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
  p->zErrmsg = sqlite3_mprintf("invalid ota_control value");
}


/*
** Return a nul-terminated string containing the comma separated list of
** assignments that should be included following the "SET" keyword of
** an UPDATE statement used to update the table object that the iterator
** passed as the second argument currently points to if the ota_control
** column of the data_xxx table entry is set to zMask.
**
** The memory for the returned string is obtained from sqlite3_malloc().
** It is the responsibility of the caller to eventually free it using
** sqlite3_free(). 
**
** If an OOM error is encountered when allocating space for the new
** string, an error code is left in the ota handle passed as the first
** argument and NULL is returned. Or, if an error has already occurred
** when this function is called, NULL is returned immediately, without
** attempting the allocation or modifying the stored error code.
*/
static char *otaObjIterGetSetlist(
  sqlite3ota *p,
  OtaObjIter *pIter,
  const char *zMask
){
  char *zList = 0;
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    int i;

    if( strlen(zMask)!=pIter->nTblCol ){
      otaBadControlError(p);
    }else{
      const char *zSep = "";
      for(i=0; i<pIter->nTblCol; i++){
        char c = zMask[pIter->aiSrcOrder[i]];
        if( c=='x' ){
          zList = otaMPrintf(p, "%z%s\"%w\"=?%d", 
              zList, zSep, pIter->azTblCol[i], i+1
          );
          zSep = ", ";
        }
        if( c=='d' ){
          zList = otaMPrintf(p, "%z%s\"%w\"=ota_delta(\"%w\", ?%d)", 
              zList, zSep, pIter->azTblCol[i], pIter->azTblCol[i], i+1
          );
          zSep = ", ";
        }
      }
    }
  }
................................................................................
** a buffer containing the string "?,?,?".
**
** The memory for the returned string is obtained from sqlite3_malloc().
** It is the responsibility of the caller to eventually free it using
** sqlite3_free(). 
**
** If an OOM error is encountered when allocating space for the new
** string, an error code is left in the ota handle passed as the first
** argument and NULL is returned. Or, if an error has already occurred
** when this function is called, NULL is returned immediately, without
** attempting the allocation or modifying the stored error code.
*/
static char *otaObjIterGetBindlist(sqlite3ota *p, int nBind){
  char *zRet = 0;
  int nByte = nBind*2 + 1;

  zRet = (char*)otaMalloc(p, nByte);
  if( zRet ){
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<nBind; i++){
      zRet[i*2] = '?';
      zRet[i*2+1] = (i+1==nBind) ? '\0' : ',';
    }
  }
  return zRet;
}

/*
** The iterator currently points to a table (not index) of type 
** OTA_PK_WITHOUT_ROWID. This function creates the PRIMARY KEY 
** declaration for the corresponding imposter table. For example,
** if the iterator points to a table created as:
**
**   CREATE TABLE t1(a, b, c, PRIMARY KEY(b, a DESC)) WITHOUT ROWID
**
** this function returns:
**
**   PRIMARY KEY("b", "a" DESC)
*/
static char *otaWithoutRowidPK(sqlite3ota *p, OtaObjIter *pIter){
  char *z = 0;
  assert( pIter->zIdx==0 );
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    const char *zSep = "PRIMARY KEY(";
    sqlite3_stmt *pXList = 0;     /* PRAGMA index_list = (pIter->zTbl) */
    sqlite3_stmt *pXInfo = 0;     /* PRAGMA index_xinfo = <pk-index> */
   
................................................................................
          p->rc = prepareFreeAndCollectError(p->dbMain, &pXInfo, &p->zErrmsg,
              sqlite3_mprintf("PRAGMA main.index_xinfo = %Q", zIdx)
          );
        }
        break;
      }
    }
    otaFinalize(p, pXList);

    while( p->rc==SQLITE_OK && SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pXInfo) ){
      if( sqlite3_column_int(pXInfo, 5) ){
        /* int iCid = sqlite3_column_int(pXInfo, 0); */
        const char *zCol = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pXInfo, 2);
        const char *zDesc = sqlite3_column_int(pXInfo, 3) ? " DESC" : "";
        z = otaMPrintf(p, "%z%s\"%w\"%s", z, zSep, zCol, zDesc);
        zSep = ", ";
      }
    }
    z = otaMPrintf(p, "%z)", z);
    otaFinalize(p, pXInfo);
  }
  return z;
}

/*
** This function creates the second imposter table used when writing to
** a table b-tree where the table has an external primary key. If the
** iterator passed as the second argument does not currently point to
** a table (not index) with an external primary key, this function is a
** no-op. 
**
** Assuming the iterator does point to a table with an external PK, this
** function creates a WITHOUT ROWID imposter table named "ota_imposter2"
** used to access that PK index. For example, if the target table is
** declared as follows:
**
**   CREATE TABLE t1(a, b TEXT, c REAL, PRIMARY KEY(b, c));
**
** then the imposter table schema is:
**
**   CREATE TABLE ota_imposter2(c1 TEXT, c2 REAL, id INTEGER) WITHOUT ROWID;
**
*/
static void otaCreateImposterTable2(sqlite3ota *p, OtaObjIter *pIter){
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK && pIter->eType==OTA_PK_EXTERNAL ){
    int tnum = pIter->iPkTnum;    /* Root page of PK index */
    sqlite3_stmt *pQuery = 0;     /* SELECT name ... WHERE rootpage = $tnum */
    const char *zIdx = 0;         /* Name of PK index */
    sqlite3_stmt *pXInfo = 0;     /* PRAGMA main.index_xinfo = $zIdx */
    const char *zComma = "";
    char *zCols = 0;              /* Used to build up list of table cols */
    char *zPk = 0;                /* Used to build up table PK declaration */
................................................................................
      }
    }
    if( zIdx ){
      p->rc = prepareFreeAndCollectError(p->dbMain, &pXInfo, &p->zErrmsg,
          sqlite3_mprintf("PRAGMA main.index_xinfo = %Q", zIdx)
      );
    }
    otaFinalize(p, pQuery);

    while( p->rc==SQLITE_OK && SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pXInfo) ){
      int bKey = sqlite3_column_int(pXInfo, 5);
      if( bKey ){
        int iCid = sqlite3_column_int(pXInfo, 1);
        int bDesc = sqlite3_column_int(pXInfo, 3);
        const char *zCollate = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pXInfo, 4);
        zCols = otaMPrintf(p, "%z%sc%d %s COLLATE %s", zCols, zComma, 
            iCid, pIter->azTblType[iCid], zCollate
        );
        zPk = otaMPrintf(p, "%z%sc%d%s", zPk, zComma, iCid, bDesc?" DESC":"");
        zComma = ", ";
      }
    }
    zCols = otaMPrintf(p, "%z, id INTEGER", zCols);
    otaFinalize(p, pXInfo);

    sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_IMPOSTER, p->dbMain, "main", 1, tnum);
    otaMPrintfExec(p, p->dbMain,
        "CREATE TABLE ota_imposter2(%z, PRIMARY KEY(%z)) WITHOUT ROWID", 
        zCols, zPk
    );
    sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_IMPOSTER, p->dbMain, "main", 0, 0);
  }
}

/*
** If an error has already occurred when this function is called, it 
** immediately returns zero (without doing any work). Or, if an error
** occurs during the execution of this function, it sets the error code
** in the sqlite3ota object indicated by the first argument and returns
** zero.
**
** The iterator passed as the second argument is guaranteed to point to
** a table (not an index) when this function is called. This function
** attempts to create any imposter table required to write to the main
** table b-tree of the table before returning. Non-zero is returned if
** an imposter table are created, or zero otherwise.
**
** An imposter table is required in all cases except OTA_PK_VTAB. Only
** virtual tables are written to directly. The imposter table has the 
** same schema as the actual target table (less any UNIQUE constraints). 
** More precisely, the "same schema" means the same columns, types, 
** collation sequences. For tables that do not have an external PRIMARY
** KEY, it also means the same PRIMARY KEY declaration.
*/
static void otaCreateImposterTable(sqlite3ota *p, OtaObjIter *pIter){
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK && pIter->eType!=OTA_PK_VTAB ){
    int tnum = pIter->iTnum;
    const char *zComma = "";
    char *zSql = 0;
    int iCol;
    sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_IMPOSTER, p->dbMain, "main", 0, 1);

    for(iCol=0; p->rc==SQLITE_OK && iCol<pIter->nTblCol; iCol++){
................................................................................
      const char *zCol = pIter->azTblCol[iCol];
      const char *zColl = 0;

      p->rc = sqlite3_table_column_metadata(
          p->dbMain, "main", pIter->zTbl, zCol, 0, &zColl, 0, 0, 0
      );

      if( pIter->eType==OTA_PK_IPK && pIter->abTblPk[iCol] ){
        /* If the target table column is an "INTEGER PRIMARY KEY", add
        ** "PRIMARY KEY" to the imposter table column declaration. */
        zPk = "PRIMARY KEY ";
      }
      zSql = otaMPrintf(p, "%z%s\"%w\" %s %sCOLLATE %s%s", 
          zSql, zComma, zCol, pIter->azTblType[iCol], zPk, zColl,
          (pIter->abNotNull[iCol] ? " NOT NULL" : "")
      );
      zComma = ", ";
    }

    if( pIter->eType==OTA_PK_WITHOUT_ROWID ){
      char *zPk = otaWithoutRowidPK(p, pIter);
      if( zPk ){
        zSql = otaMPrintf(p, "%z, %z", zSql, zPk);
      }
    }

    sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_IMPOSTER, p->dbMain, "main", 1, tnum);
    otaMPrintfExec(p, p->dbMain, "CREATE TABLE \"ota_imp_%w\"(%z)%s", 
        pIter->zTbl, zSql, 
        (pIter->eType==OTA_PK_WITHOUT_ROWID ? " WITHOUT ROWID" : "")
    );
    sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_IMPOSTER, p->dbMain, "main", 0, 0);
  }
}

/*
** Prepare a statement used to insert rows into the "ota_tmp_xxx" table.
** Specifically a statement of the form:
**
**     INSERT INTO ota_tmp_xxx VALUES(?, ?, ? ...);
**
** The number of bound variables is equal to the number of columns in
** the target table, plus one (for the ota_control column), plus one more 
** (for the ota_rowid column) if the target table is an implicit IPK or 
** virtual table.
*/
static void otaObjIterPrepareTmpInsert(
  sqlite3ota *p, 
  OtaObjIter *pIter,
  const char *zCollist,
  const char *zOtaRowid
){
  int bOtaRowid = (pIter->eType==OTA_PK_EXTERNAL || pIter->eType==OTA_PK_NONE);
  char *zBind = otaObjIterGetBindlist(p, pIter->nTblCol + 1 + bOtaRowid);
  if( zBind ){
    assert( pIter->pTmpInsert==0 );
    p->rc = prepareFreeAndCollectError(
        p->dbOta, &pIter->pTmpInsert, &p->zErrmsg, sqlite3_mprintf(
          "INSERT INTO %s.'ota_tmp_%q'(ota_control,%s%s) VALUES(%z)", 
          p->zStateDb, pIter->zTbl, zCollist, zOtaRowid, zBind
    ));
  }
}

static void otaTmpInsertFunc(
  sqlite3_context *pCtx, 
  int nVal,
  sqlite3_value **apVal
){
  sqlite3ota *p = sqlite3_user_data(pCtx);
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  int i;

  for(i=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<nVal; i++){
    rc = sqlite3_bind_value(p->objiter.pTmpInsert, i+1, apVal[i]);
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
................................................................................
}

/*
** Ensure that the SQLite statement handles required to update the 
** target database object currently indicated by the iterator passed 
** as the second argument are available.
*/
static int otaObjIterPrepareAll(
  sqlite3ota *p, 
  OtaObjIter *pIter,
  int nOffset                     /* Add "LIMIT -1 OFFSET $nOffset" to SELECT */
){
  assert( pIter->bCleanup==0 );
  if( pIter->pSelect==0 && otaObjIterCacheTableInfo(p, pIter)==SQLITE_OK ){
    const int tnum = pIter->iTnum;
    char *zCollist = 0;           /* List of indexed columns */
    char **pz = &p->zErrmsg;
    const char *zIdx = pIter->zIdx;
    char *zLimit = 0;

    if( nOffset ){
................................................................................
      const char *zTbl = pIter->zTbl;
      char *zImposterCols = 0;    /* Columns for imposter table */
      char *zImposterPK = 0;      /* Primary key declaration for imposter */
      char *zWhere = 0;           /* WHERE clause on PK columns */
      char *zBind = 0;
      int nBind = 0;

      assert( pIter->eType!=OTA_PK_VTAB );
      zCollist = otaObjIterGetIndexCols(
          p, pIter, &zImposterCols, &zImposterPK, &zWhere, &nBind
      );
      zBind = otaObjIterGetBindlist(p, nBind);

      /* Create the imposter table used to write to this index. */
      sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_IMPOSTER, p->dbMain, "main", 0, 1);
      sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_IMPOSTER, p->dbMain, "main", 1,tnum);
      otaMPrintfExec(p, p->dbMain,
          "CREATE TABLE \"ota_imp_%w\"( %s, PRIMARY KEY( %s ) ) WITHOUT ROWID",
          zTbl, zImposterCols, zImposterPK
      );
      sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_IMPOSTER, p->dbMain, "main", 0, 0);

      /* Create the statement to insert index entries */
      pIter->nCol = nBind;
      if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        p->rc = prepareFreeAndCollectError(
            p->dbMain, &pIter->pInsert, &p->zErrmsg,
          sqlite3_mprintf("INSERT INTO \"ota_imp_%w\" VALUES(%s)", zTbl, zBind)
        );
      }

      /* And to delete index entries */
      if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        p->rc = prepareFreeAndCollectError(
            p->dbMain, &pIter->pDelete, &p->zErrmsg,
          sqlite3_mprintf("DELETE FROM \"ota_imp_%w\" WHERE %s", zTbl, zWhere)
        );
      }

      /* Create the SELECT statement to read keys in sorted order */
      if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        char *zSql;
        if( pIter->eType==OTA_PK_EXTERNAL || pIter->eType==OTA_PK_NONE ){
          zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(
              "SELECT %s, ota_control FROM %s.'ota_tmp_%q' ORDER BY %s%s",
              zCollist, p->zStateDb, pIter->zTbl,
              zCollist, zLimit
          );
        }else{
          zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(
              "SELECT %s, ota_control FROM 'data_%q' "
              "WHERE typeof(ota_control)='integer' AND ota_control!=1 "
              "UNION ALL "
              "SELECT %s, ota_control FROM %s.'ota_tmp_%q' "
              "ORDER BY %s%s",
              zCollist, pIter->zTbl, 
              zCollist, p->zStateDb, pIter->zTbl, 
              zCollist, zLimit
          );
        }
        p->rc = prepareFreeAndCollectError(p->dbOta, &pIter->pSelect, pz, zSql);
      }

      sqlite3_free(zImposterCols);
      sqlite3_free(zImposterPK);
      sqlite3_free(zWhere);
      sqlite3_free(zBind);
    }else{
      int bOtaRowid = (pIter->eType==OTA_PK_VTAB || pIter->eType==OTA_PK_NONE);
      const char *zTbl = pIter->zTbl;       /* Table this step applies to */
      const char *zWrite;                   /* Imposter table name */

      char *zBindings = otaObjIterGetBindlist(p, pIter->nTblCol + bOtaRowid);
      char *zWhere = otaObjIterGetWhere(p, pIter);
      char *zOldlist = otaObjIterGetOldlist(p, pIter, "old");
      char *zNewlist = otaObjIterGetOldlist(p, pIter, "new");

      zCollist = otaObjIterGetCollist(p, pIter);
      pIter->nCol = pIter->nTblCol;

      /* Create the SELECT statement to read keys from data_xxx */
      if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        p->rc = prepareFreeAndCollectError(p->dbOta, &pIter->pSelect, pz,
            sqlite3_mprintf(
              "SELECT %s, ota_control%s FROM 'data_%q'%s", 
              zCollist, (bOtaRowid ? ", ota_rowid" : ""), zTbl, zLimit
            )
        );
      }

      /* Create the imposter table or tables (if required). */
      otaCreateImposterTable(p, pIter);
      otaCreateImposterTable2(p, pIter);
      zWrite = (pIter->eType==OTA_PK_VTAB ? "" : "ota_imp_");

      /* Create the INSERT statement to write to the target PK b-tree */
      if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        p->rc = prepareFreeAndCollectError(p->dbMain, &pIter->pInsert, pz,
            sqlite3_mprintf(
              "INSERT INTO \"%s%w\"(%s%s) VALUES(%s)", 
              zWrite, zTbl, zCollist, (bOtaRowid ? ", _rowid_" : ""), zBindings
            )
        );
      }

      /* Create the DELETE statement to write to the target PK b-tree */
      if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        p->rc = prepareFreeAndCollectError(p->dbMain, &pIter->pDelete, pz,
................................................................................
            sqlite3_mprintf(
              "DELETE FROM \"%s%w\" WHERE %s", zWrite, zTbl, zWhere
            )
        );
      }

      if( pIter->abIndexed ){
        const char *zOtaRowid = "";
        if( pIter->eType==OTA_PK_EXTERNAL || pIter->eType==OTA_PK_NONE ){
          zOtaRowid = ", ota_rowid";
        }

        /* Create the ota_tmp_xxx table and the triggers to populate it. */
        otaMPrintfExec(p, p->dbOta,
            "CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS %s.'ota_tmp_%q' AS "
            "SELECT *%s FROM 'data_%q' WHERE 0;"
            , p->zStateDb
            , zTbl, (pIter->eType==OTA_PK_EXTERNAL ? ", 0 AS ota_rowid" : "")
            , zTbl
        );

        otaMPrintfExec(p, p->dbMain,
            "CREATE TEMP TRIGGER ota_delete_tr BEFORE DELETE ON \"%s%w\" "
            "BEGIN "
            "  SELECT ota_tmp_insert(2, %s);"
            "END;"

            "CREATE TEMP TRIGGER ota_update1_tr BEFORE UPDATE ON \"%s%w\" "
            "BEGIN "
            "  SELECT ota_tmp_insert(2, %s);"
            "END;"

            "CREATE TEMP TRIGGER ota_update2_tr AFTER UPDATE ON \"%s%w\" "
            "BEGIN "
            "  SELECT ota_tmp_insert(3, %s);"
            "END;",
            zWrite, zTbl, zOldlist,
            zWrite, zTbl, zOldlist,
            zWrite, zTbl, zNewlist
        );

        if( pIter->eType==OTA_PK_EXTERNAL || pIter->eType==OTA_PK_NONE ){
          otaMPrintfExec(p, p->dbMain,
              "CREATE TEMP TRIGGER ota_insert_tr AFTER INSERT ON \"%s%w\" "
              "BEGIN "
              "  SELECT ota_tmp_insert(0, %s);"
              "END;",
              zWrite, zTbl, zNewlist
          );
        }

        otaObjIterPrepareTmpInsert(p, pIter, zCollist, zOtaRowid);
      }

      sqlite3_free(zWhere);
      sqlite3_free(zOldlist);
      sqlite3_free(zNewlist);
      sqlite3_free(zBindings);
    }
................................................................................
  return p->rc;
}

/*
** Set output variable *ppStmt to point to an UPDATE statement that may
** be used to update the imposter table for the main table b-tree of the
** table object that pIter currently points to, assuming that the 
** ota_control column of the data_xyz table contains zMask.
** 
** If the zMask string does not specify any columns to update, then this
** is not an error. Output variable *ppStmt is set to NULL in this case.
*/
static int otaGetUpdateStmt(
  sqlite3ota *p,                  /* OTA handle */
  OtaObjIter *pIter,              /* Object iterator */
  const char *zMask,              /* ota_control value ('x.x.') */
  sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt           /* OUT: UPDATE statement handle */
){
  OtaUpdateStmt **pp;
  OtaUpdateStmt *pUp = 0;
  int nUp = 0;

  /* In case an error occurs */
  *ppStmt = 0;

  /* Search for an existing statement. If one is found, shift it to the front
  ** of the LRU queue and return immediately. Otherwise, leave nUp pointing
  ** to the number of statements currently in the cache and pUp to the
  ** last object in the list.  */
  for(pp=&pIter->pOtaUpdate; *pp; pp=&((*pp)->pNext)){
    pUp = *pp;
    if( strcmp(pUp->zMask, zMask)==0 ){
      *pp = pUp->pNext;
      pUp->pNext = pIter->pOtaUpdate;
      pIter->pOtaUpdate = pUp;
      *ppStmt = pUp->pUpdate; 
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    nUp++;
  }
  assert( pUp==0 || pUp->pNext==0 );

  if( nUp>=SQLITE_OTA_UPDATE_CACHESIZE ){
    for(pp=&pIter->pOtaUpdate; *pp!=pUp; pp=&((*pp)->pNext));
    *pp = 0;
    sqlite3_finalize(pUp->pUpdate);
    pUp->pUpdate = 0;
  }else{
    pUp = (OtaUpdateStmt*)otaMalloc(p, sizeof(OtaUpdateStmt)+pIter->nTblCol+1);
  }

  if( pUp ){
    char *zWhere = otaObjIterGetWhere(p, pIter);
    char *zSet = otaObjIterGetSetlist(p, pIter, zMask);
    char *zUpdate = 0;

    pUp->zMask = (char*)&pUp[1];
    memcpy(pUp->zMask, zMask, pIter->nTblCol);
    pUp->pNext = pIter->pOtaUpdate;
    pIter->pOtaUpdate = pUp;

    if( zSet ){
      const char *zPrefix = "";

      if( pIter->eType!=OTA_PK_VTAB ) zPrefix = "ota_imp_";
      zUpdate = sqlite3_mprintf("UPDATE \"%s%w\" SET %s WHERE %s", 
          zPrefix, pIter->zTbl, zSet, zWhere
      );
      p->rc = prepareFreeAndCollectError(
          p->dbMain, &pUp->pUpdate, &p->zErrmsg, zUpdate
      );
      *ppStmt = pUp->pUpdate;
................................................................................
    sqlite3_free(zWhere);
    sqlite3_free(zSet);
  }

  return p->rc;
}

static sqlite3 *otaOpenDbhandle(sqlite3ota *p, const char *zName){
  sqlite3 *db = 0;
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    const int flags = SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE|SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE|SQLITE_OPEN_URI;
    p->rc = sqlite3_open_v2(zName, &db, flags, p->zVfsName);
    if( p->rc ){
      p->zErrmsg = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", sqlite3_errmsg(db));
      sqlite3_close(db);
................................................................................
      db = 0;
    }
  }
  return db;
}

/*
** Open the database handle and attach the OTA database as "ota". If an
** error occurs, leave an error code and message in the OTA handle.
*/
static void otaOpenDatabase(sqlite3ota *p){
  assert( p->rc==SQLITE_OK );
  assert( p->dbMain==0 && p->dbOta==0 );

  p->eStage = 0;
  p->dbMain = otaOpenDbhandle(p, p->zTarget);
  p->dbOta = otaOpenDbhandle(p, p->zOta);

  /* If using separate OTA and state databases, attach the state database to
  ** the OTA db handle now.  */
  if( p->zState ){
    otaMPrintfExec(p, p->dbOta, "ATTACH %Q AS stat", p->zState);
    memcpy(p->zStateDb, "stat", 4);
  }else{
    memcpy(p->zStateDb, "main", 4);
  }

  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    p->rc = sqlite3_create_function(p->dbMain, 
        "ota_tmp_insert", -1, SQLITE_UTF8, (void*)p, otaTmpInsertFunc, 0, 0
    );
  }

  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    p->rc = sqlite3_file_control(p->dbMain, "main", SQLITE_FCNTL_OTA, (void*)p);
  }
  otaMPrintfExec(p, p->dbMain, "SELECT * FROM sqlite_master");

  /* Mark the database file just opened as an OTA target database. If 
  ** this call returns SQLITE_NOTFOUND, then the OTA vfs is not in use.
  ** This is an error.  */
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    p->rc = sqlite3_file_control(p->dbMain, "main", SQLITE_FCNTL_OTA, (void*)p);
  }

  if( p->rc==SQLITE_NOTFOUND ){
    p->rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
    p->zErrmsg = sqlite3_mprintf("ota vfs not found");
  }
}

/*
** This routine is a copy of the sqlite3FileSuffix3() routine from the core.
** It is a no-op unless SQLITE_ENABLE_8_3_NAMES is defined.
**
................................................................................
** Examples:
**
**     test.db-journal    =>   test.nal
**     test.db-wal        =>   test.wal
**     test.db-shm        =>   test.shm
**     test.db-mj7f3319fa =>   test.9fa
*/
static void otaFileSuffix3(const char *zBase, char *z){
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_8_3_NAMES
#if SQLITE_ENABLE_8_3_NAMES<2
  if( sqlite3_uri_boolean(zBase, "8_3_names", 0) )
#endif
  {
    int i, sz;
    sz = sqlite3Strlen30(z);
................................................................................
/*
** Return the current wal-index header checksum for the target database 
** as a 64-bit integer.
**
** The checksum is store in the first page of xShmMap memory as an 8-byte 
** blob starting at byte offset 40.
*/
static i64 otaShmChecksum(sqlite3ota *p){
  i64 iRet = 0;
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3_file *pDb = p->pTargetFd->pReal;
    u32 volatile *ptr;
    p->rc = pDb->pMethods->xShmMap(pDb, 0, 32*1024, 0, (void volatile**)&ptr);
    if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      iRet = ((i64)ptr[10] << 32) + ptr[11];
................................................................................
  return iRet;
}

/*
** This function is called as part of initializing or reinitializing an
** incremental checkpoint. 
**
** It populates the sqlite3ota.aFrame[] array with the set of 
** (wal frame -> db page) copy operations required to checkpoint the 
** current wal file, and obtains the set of shm locks required to safely 
** perform the copy operations directly on the file-system.
**
** If argument pState is not NULL, then the incremental checkpoint is
** being resumed. In this case, if the checksum of the wal-index-header
** following recovery is not the same as the checksum saved in the OtaState
** object, then the ota handle is set to DONE state. This occurs if some
** other client appends a transaction to the wal file in the middle of
** an incremental checkpoint.
*/
static void otaSetupCheckpoint(sqlite3ota *p, OtaState *pState){

  /* If pState is NULL, then the wal file may not have been opened and
  ** recovered. Running a read-statement here to ensure that doing so
  ** does not interfere with the "capture" process below.  */
  if( pState==0 ){
    p->eStage = 0;
    if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      p->rc = sqlite3_exec(p->dbMain, "SELECT * FROM sqlite_master", 0, 0, 0);
    }
  }

  /* Assuming no error has occurred, run a "restart" checkpoint with the
  ** sqlite3ota.eStage variable set to CAPTURE. This turns on the following
  ** special behaviour in the ota VFS:
  **
  **   * If the exclusive shm WRITER or READ0 lock cannot be obtained,
  **     the checkpoint fails with SQLITE_BUSY (normally SQLite would
  **     proceed with running a passive checkpoint instead of failing).
  **
  **   * Attempts to read from the *-wal file or write to the database file
  **     do not perform any IO. Instead, the frame/page combinations that
  **     would be read/written are recorded in the sqlite3ota.aFrame[]
  **     array.
  **
  **   * Calls to xShmLock(UNLOCK) to release the exclusive shm WRITER, 
  **     READ0 and CHECKPOINT locks taken as part of the checkpoint are
  **     no-ops. These locks will not be released until the connection
  **     is closed.
  **
................................................................................
  ** array populated with a set of (frame -> page) mappings. Because the 
  ** WRITER, CHECKPOINT and READ0 locks are still held, it is safe to copy 
  ** data from the wal file into the database file according to the 
  ** contents of aFrame[].
  */
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    int rc2;
    p->eStage = OTA_STAGE_CAPTURE;
    rc2 = sqlite3_exec(p->dbMain, "PRAGMA main.wal_checkpoint=restart", 0, 0,0);
    if( rc2!=SQLITE_INTERNAL ) p->rc = rc2;
  }

  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    p->eStage = OTA_STAGE_CKPT;
    p->nStep = (pState ? pState->nRow : 0);
    p->aBuf = otaMalloc(p, p->pgsz);
    p->iWalCksum = otaShmChecksum(p);
  }

  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK && pState && pState->iWalCksum!=p->iWalCksum ){
    p->rc = SQLITE_DONE;
    p->eStage = OTA_STAGE_DONE;
  }
}

/*
** Called when iAmt bytes are read from offset iOff of the wal file while
** the ota object is in capture mode. Record the frame number of the frame
** being read in the aFrame[] array.
*/
static int otaCaptureWalRead(sqlite3ota *pOta, i64 iOff, int iAmt){
  const u32 mReq = (1<<WAL_LOCK_WRITE)|(1<<WAL_LOCK_CKPT)|(1<<WAL_LOCK_READ0);
  u32 iFrame;

  if( pOta->mLock!=mReq ){
    pOta->rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
    return SQLITE_INTERNAL;
  }

  pOta->pgsz = iAmt;
  if( pOta->nFrame==pOta->nFrameAlloc ){
    int nNew = (pOta->nFrameAlloc ? pOta->nFrameAlloc : 64) * 2;
    OtaFrame *aNew;
    aNew = (OtaFrame*)sqlite3_realloc(pOta->aFrame, nNew * sizeof(OtaFrame));
    if( aNew==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    pOta->aFrame = aNew;
    pOta->nFrameAlloc = nNew;
  }

  iFrame = (u32)((iOff-32) / (i64)(iAmt+24)) + 1;
  if( pOta->iMaxFrame<iFrame ) pOta->iMaxFrame = iFrame;
  pOta->aFrame[pOta->nFrame].iWalFrame = iFrame;
  pOta->aFrame[pOta->nFrame].iDbPage = 0;
  pOta->nFrame++;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Called when a page of data is written to offset iOff of the database
** file while the ota handle is in capture mode. Record the page number 
** of the page being written in the aFrame[] array.
*/
static int otaCaptureDbWrite(sqlite3ota *pOta, i64 iOff){
  pOta->aFrame[pOta->nFrame-1].iDbPage = (u32)(iOff / pOta->pgsz) + 1;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** This is called as part of an incremental checkpoint operation. Copy
** a single frame of data from the wal file into the database file, as
** indicated by the OtaFrame object.
*/
static void otaCheckpointFrame(sqlite3ota *p, OtaFrame *pFrame){
  sqlite3_file *pWal = p->pTargetFd->pWalFd->pReal;
  sqlite3_file *pDb = p->pTargetFd->pReal;
  i64 iOff;

  assert( p->rc==SQLITE_OK );
  iOff = (i64)(pFrame->iWalFrame-1) * (p->pgsz + 24) + 32 + 24;
  p->rc = pWal->pMethods->xRead(pWal, p->aBuf, p->pgsz, iOff);
................................................................................
  p->rc = pDb->pMethods->xWrite(pDb, p->aBuf, p->pgsz, iOff);
}


/*
** Take an EXCLUSIVE lock on the database file.
*/
static void otaLockDatabase(sqlite3ota *p){
  sqlite3_file *pReal = p->pTargetFd->pReal;
  assert( p->rc==SQLITE_OK );
  p->rc = pReal->pMethods->xLock(pReal, SQLITE_LOCK_SHARED);
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    p->rc = pReal->pMethods->xLock(pReal, SQLITE_LOCK_EXCLUSIVE);
  }
}

/*
** The OTA handle is currently in OTA_STAGE_OAL state, with a SHARED lock
** on the database file. This proc moves the *-oal file to the *-wal path,
** then reopens the database file (this time in vanilla, non-oal, WAL mode).
** If an error occurs, leave an error code and error message in the ota 
** handle.
*/
static void otaMoveOalFile(sqlite3ota *p){
  const char *zBase = sqlite3_db_filename(p->dbMain, "main");

  char *zWal = sqlite3_mprintf("%s-wal", zBase);
  char *zOal = sqlite3_mprintf("%s-oal", zBase);

  assert( p->eStage==OTA_STAGE_MOVE );
  assert( p->rc==SQLITE_OK && p->zErrmsg==0 );
  if( zWal==0 || zOal==0 ){
    p->rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }else{
    /* Move the *-oal file to *-wal. At this point connection p->db is
    ** holding a SHARED lock on the target database file (because it is
    ** in WAL mode). So no other connection may be writing the db. 
    **
    ** In order to ensure that there are no database readers, an EXCLUSIVE
    ** lock is obtained here before the *-oal is moved to *-wal.
    */
    otaLockDatabase(p);
    if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      otaFileSuffix3(zBase, zWal);
      otaFileSuffix3(zBase, zOal);

      /* Re-open the databases. */
      otaObjIterFinalize(&p->objiter);
      sqlite3_close(p->dbMain);
      sqlite3_close(p->dbOta);
      p->rc = rename(zOal, zWal) ? SQLITE_IOERR : SQLITE_OK;
      if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        p->dbMain = 0;
        p->dbOta = 0;
        otaOpenDatabase(p);
        otaSetupCheckpoint(p, 0);
      }
    }
  }

  sqlite3_free(zWal);
  sqlite3_free(zOal);
}
................................................................................

/*
** The SELECT statement iterating through the keys for the current object
** (p->objiter.pSelect) currently points to a valid row. This function
** determines the type of operation requested by this row and returns
** one of the following values to indicate the result:
**
**     * OTA_INSERT
**     * OTA_DELETE
**     * OTA_IDX_DELETE
**     * OTA_UPDATE
**
** If OTA_UPDATE is returned, then output variable *pzMask is set to
** point to the text value indicating the columns to update.
**
** If the ota_control field contains an invalid value, an error code and
** message are left in the OTA handle and zero returned.
*/
static int otaStepType(sqlite3ota *p, const char **pzMask){
  int iCol = p->objiter.nCol;     /* Index of ota_control column */
  int res = 0;                    /* Return value */

  switch( sqlite3_column_type(p->objiter.pSelect, iCol) ){
    case SQLITE_INTEGER: {
      int iVal = sqlite3_column_int(p->objiter.pSelect, iCol);
      if( iVal==0 ){
        res = OTA_INSERT;
      }else if( iVal==1 ){
        res = OTA_DELETE;
      }else if( iVal==2 ){
        res = OTA_IDX_DELETE;
      }else if( iVal==3 ){
        res = OTA_IDX_INSERT;
      }
      break;
    }

    case SQLITE_TEXT: {
      const unsigned char *z = sqlite3_column_text(p->objiter.pSelect, iCol);
      if( z==0 ){
        p->rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
      }else{
        *pzMask = (const char*)z;
      }
      res = OTA_UPDATE;

      break;
    }

    default:
      break;
  }

  if( res==0 ){
    otaBadControlError(p);
  }
  return res;
}

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
/*
** Assert that column iCol of statement pStmt is named zName.
................................................................................
  assert( 0==sqlite3_stricmp(zName, zCol) );
}
#else
# define assertColumnName(x,y,z)
#endif

/*
** This function does the work for an sqlite3ota_step() call.
**
** The object-iterator (p->objiter) currently points to a valid object,
** and the input cursor (p->objiter.pSelect) currently points to a valid
** input row. Perform whatever processing is required and return.
**
** If no  error occurs, SQLITE_OK is returned. Otherwise, an error code
** and message is left in the OTA handle and a copy of the error code
** returned.
*/
static int otaStep(sqlite3ota *p){
  OtaObjIter *pIter = &p->objiter;
  const char *zMask = 0;
  int i;
  int eType = otaStepType(p, &zMask);

  if( eType ){
    assert( eType!=OTA_UPDATE || pIter->zIdx==0 );

    if( pIter->zIdx==0 && eType==OTA_IDX_DELETE ){
      otaBadControlError(p);
    }
    else if( 
        eType==OTA_INSERT 
     || eType==OTA_DELETE
     || eType==OTA_IDX_DELETE 
     || eType==OTA_IDX_INSERT
    ){
      sqlite3_value *pVal;
      sqlite3_stmt *pWriter;

      assert( eType!=OTA_UPDATE );
      assert( eType!=OTA_DELETE || pIter->zIdx==0 );

      if( eType==OTA_IDX_DELETE || eType==OTA_DELETE ){
        pWriter = pIter->pDelete;
      }else{
        pWriter = pIter->pInsert;
      }

      for(i=0; i<pIter->nCol; i++){
        /* If this is an INSERT into a table b-tree and the table has an
        ** explicit INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, check that this is not an attempt
        ** to write a NULL into the IPK column. That is not permitted.  */
        if( eType==OTA_INSERT 
         && pIter->zIdx==0 && pIter->eType==OTA_PK_IPK && pIter->abTblPk[i] 
         && sqlite3_column_type(pIter->pSelect, i)==SQLITE_NULL
        ){
          p->rc = SQLITE_MISMATCH;
          p->zErrmsg = sqlite3_mprintf("datatype mismatch");
          goto step_out;
        }

        if( eType==OTA_DELETE && pIter->abTblPk[i]==0 ){
          continue;
        }

        pVal = sqlite3_column_value(pIter->pSelect, i);
        p->rc = sqlite3_bind_value(pWriter, i+1, pVal);
        if( p->rc ) goto step_out;
      }
      if( pIter->zIdx==0
       && (pIter->eType==OTA_PK_VTAB || pIter->eType==OTA_PK_NONE) 
      ){
        /* For a virtual table, or a table with no primary key, the 
        ** SELECT statement is:
        **
        **   SELECT <cols>, ota_control, ota_rowid FROM ....
        **
        ** Hence column_value(pIter->nCol+1).
        */
        assertColumnName(pIter->pSelect, pIter->nCol+1, "ota_rowid");
        pVal = sqlite3_column_value(pIter->pSelect, pIter->nCol+1);
        p->rc = sqlite3_bind_value(pWriter, pIter->nCol+1, pVal);
      }
      if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        sqlite3_step(pWriter);
        p->rc = resetAndCollectError(pWriter, &p->zErrmsg);
      }
    }else{
      sqlite3_value *pVal;
      sqlite3_stmt *pUpdate = 0;
      assert( eType==OTA_UPDATE );
      otaGetUpdateStmt(p, pIter, zMask, &pUpdate);
      if( pUpdate ){
        for(i=0; p->rc==SQLITE_OK && i<pIter->nCol; i++){
          char c = zMask[pIter->aiSrcOrder[i]];
          pVal = sqlite3_column_value(pIter->pSelect, i);
          if( pIter->abTblPk[i] || c=='x' || c=='d' ){
            p->rc = sqlite3_bind_value(pUpdate, i+1, pVal);
          }
        }
        if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK 
         && (pIter->eType==OTA_PK_VTAB || pIter->eType==OTA_PK_NONE) 
        ){
          /* Bind the ota_rowid value to column _rowid_ */
          assertColumnName(pIter->pSelect, pIter->nCol+1, "ota_rowid");
          pVal = sqlite3_column_value(pIter->pSelect, pIter->nCol+1);
          p->rc = sqlite3_bind_value(pUpdate, pIter->nCol+1, pVal);
        }
        if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          sqlite3_step(pUpdate);
          p->rc = resetAndCollectError(pUpdate, &p->zErrmsg);
        }
................................................................................
 step_out:
  return p->rc;
}

/*
** Increment the schema cookie of the main database opened by p->dbMain.
*/
static void otaIncrSchemaCookie(sqlite3ota *p){
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    int iCookie = 1000000;
    sqlite3_stmt *pStmt;

    p->rc = prepareAndCollectError(p->dbMain, &pStmt, &p->zErrmsg, 
        "PRAGMA schema_version"
    );
................................................................................
      ** is already a transaction open, so the prepared statement cannot
      ** throw an SQLITE_SCHEMA exception. The only database page the
      ** statement reads is page 1, which is guaranteed to be in the cache.
      ** And no memory allocations are required.  */
      if( SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pStmt) ){
        iCookie = sqlite3_column_int(pStmt, 0);
      }
      otaFinalize(p, pStmt);
    }
    if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      otaMPrintfExec(p, p->dbMain, "PRAGMA schema_version = %d", iCookie+1);
    }
  }
}

/*
** Update the contents of the ota_state table within the ota database. The
** value stored in the OTA_STATE_STAGE column is eStage. All other values
** are determined by inspecting the ota handle passed as the first argument.
*/
static void otaSaveState(sqlite3ota *p, int eStage){
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK || p->rc==SQLITE_DONE ){
    sqlite3_stmt *pInsert = 0;
    int rc;

    assert( p->zErrmsg==0 );
    rc = prepareFreeAndCollectError(p->dbOta, &pInsert, &p->zErrmsg, 
        sqlite3_mprintf(
          "INSERT OR REPLACE INTO %s.ota_state(k, v) VALUES "
          "(%d, %d), "
          "(%d, %Q), "
          "(%d, %Q), "
          "(%d, %d), "
          "(%d, %d), "
          "(%d, %lld), "
          "(%d, %lld), "
          "(%d, %lld) ",
          p->zStateDb,
          OTA_STATE_STAGE, eStage,
          OTA_STATE_TBL, p->objiter.zTbl, 
          OTA_STATE_IDX, p->objiter.zIdx, 
          OTA_STATE_ROW, p->nStep, 
          OTA_STATE_PROGRESS, p->nProgress,
          OTA_STATE_CKPT, p->iWalCksum,
          OTA_STATE_COOKIE, (i64)p->pTargetFd->iCookie,
          OTA_STATE_OALSZ, p->iOalSz
      )
    );
    assert( pInsert==0 || rc==SQLITE_OK );

    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      sqlite3_step(pInsert);
      rc = sqlite3_finalize(pInsert);
................................................................................
    }
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) p->rc = rc;
  }
}


/*
** Step the OTA object.
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3ota_step(sqlite3ota *p){
  if( p ){
    switch( p->eStage ){
      case OTA_STAGE_OAL: {
        OtaObjIter *pIter = &p->objiter;
        while( p->rc==SQLITE_OK && pIter->zTbl ){

          if( pIter->bCleanup ){
            /* Clean up the ota_tmp_xxx table for the previous table. It 
            ** cannot be dropped as there are currently active SQL statements.
            ** But the contents can be deleted.  */
            if( pIter->abIndexed ){
              otaMPrintfExec(p, p->dbOta, 
                  "DELETE FROM %s.'ota_tmp_%q'", p->zStateDb, pIter->zTbl
              );
            }
          }else{
            otaObjIterPrepareAll(p, pIter, 0);

            /* Advance to the next row to process. */
            if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
              int rc = sqlite3_step(pIter->pSelect);
              if( rc==SQLITE_ROW ){
                p->nProgress++;
                p->nStep++;
                return otaStep(p);
              }
              p->rc = sqlite3_reset(pIter->pSelect);
              p->nStep = 0;
            }
          }

          otaObjIterNext(p, pIter);
        }

        if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          assert( pIter->zTbl==0 );
          otaSaveState(p, OTA_STAGE_MOVE);
          otaIncrSchemaCookie(p);
          if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
            p->rc = sqlite3_exec(p->dbMain, "COMMIT", 0, 0, &p->zErrmsg);
          }
          if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
            p->rc = sqlite3_exec(p->dbOta, "COMMIT", 0, 0, &p->zErrmsg);
          }
          p->eStage = OTA_STAGE_MOVE;
        }
        break;
      }

      case OTA_STAGE_MOVE: {
        if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          otaMoveOalFile(p);
          p->nProgress++;
        }
        break;
      }

      case OTA_STAGE_CKPT: {
        if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          if( p->nStep>=p->nFrame ){
            sqlite3_file *pDb = p->pTargetFd->pReal;
  
            /* Sync the db file */
            p->rc = pDb->pMethods->xSync(pDb, SQLITE_SYNC_NORMAL);
  
................................................................................
              p->rc = pDb->pMethods->xShmMap(pDb, 0, 32*1024, 0, &ptr);
              if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
                ((u32 volatile*)ptr)[24] = p->iMaxFrame;
              }
            }
  
            if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
              p->eStage = OTA_STAGE_DONE;
              p->rc = SQLITE_DONE;
            }
          }else{
            OtaFrame *pFrame = &p->aFrame[p->nStep];
            otaCheckpointFrame(p, pFrame);
            p->nStep++;
          }
          p->nProgress++;
        }
        break;
      }

................................................................................
    return p->rc;
  }else{
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
}

/*
** Free an OtaState object allocated by otaLoadState().
*/
static void otaFreeState(OtaState *p){
  if( p ){
    sqlite3_free(p->zTbl);
    sqlite3_free(p->zIdx);
    sqlite3_free(p);
  }
}

/*
** Allocate an OtaState object and load the contents of the ota_state 
** table into it. Return a pointer to the new object. It is the 
** responsibility of the caller to eventually free the object using
** sqlite3_free().
**
** If an error occurs, leave an error code and message in the ota handle
** and return NULL.
*/
static OtaState *otaLoadState(sqlite3ota *p){
  OtaState *pRet = 0;
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt = 0;
  int rc;
  int rc2;

  pRet = (OtaState*)otaMalloc(p, sizeof(OtaState));
  if( pRet==0 ) return 0;

  rc = prepareFreeAndCollectError(p->dbOta, &pStmt, &p->zErrmsg, 
      sqlite3_mprintf("SELECT k, v FROM %s.ota_state", p->zStateDb)
  );
  while( rc==SQLITE_OK && SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pStmt) ){
    switch( sqlite3_column_int(pStmt, 0) ){
      case OTA_STATE_STAGE:
        pRet->eStage = sqlite3_column_int(pStmt, 1);
        if( pRet->eStage!=OTA_STAGE_OAL
         && pRet->eStage!=OTA_STAGE_MOVE
         && pRet->eStage!=OTA_STAGE_CKPT
        ){
          p->rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT;
        }
        break;

      case OTA_STATE_TBL:
        pRet->zTbl = otaStrndup((char*)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 1), &rc);
        break;

      case OTA_STATE_IDX:
        pRet->zIdx = otaStrndup((char*)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 1), &rc);
        break;

      case OTA_STATE_ROW:
        pRet->nRow = sqlite3_column_int(pStmt, 1);
        break;

      case OTA_STATE_PROGRESS:
        pRet->nProgress = sqlite3_column_int64(pStmt, 1);
        break;

      case OTA_STATE_CKPT:
        pRet->iWalCksum = sqlite3_column_int64(pStmt, 1);
        break;

      case OTA_STATE_COOKIE:
        pRet->iCookie = (u32)sqlite3_column_int64(pStmt, 1);
        break;

      case OTA_STATE_OALSZ:
        pRet->iOalSz = (u32)sqlite3_column_int64(pStmt, 1);
        break;

      default:
        rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT;
        break;
    }
................................................................................
}

/*
** Compare strings z1 and z2, returning 0 if they are identical, or non-zero
** otherwise. Either or both argument may be NULL. Two NULL values are
** considered equal, and NULL is considered distinct from all other values.
*/
static int otaStrCompare(const char *z1, const char *z2){
  if( z1==0 && z2==0 ) return 0;
  if( z1==0 || z2==0 ) return 1;
  return (sqlite3_stricmp(z1, z2)!=0);
}

/*
** This function is called as part of sqlite3ota_open() when initializing
** an ota handle in OAL stage. If the ota update has not started (i.e.
** the ota_state table was empty) it is a no-op. Otherwise, it arranges
** things so that the next call to sqlite3ota_step() continues on from
** where the previous ota handle left off.
**
** If an error occurs, an error code and error message are left in the
** ota handle passed as the first argument.
*/
static void otaSetupOal(sqlite3ota *p, OtaState *pState){
  assert( p->rc==SQLITE_OK );
  if( pState->zTbl ){
    OtaObjIter *pIter = &p->objiter;
    int rc = SQLITE_OK;

    while( rc==SQLITE_OK && pIter->zTbl && (pIter->bCleanup 
       || otaStrCompare(pIter->zIdx, pState->zIdx)
       || otaStrCompare(pIter->zTbl, pState->zTbl) 
    )){
      rc = otaObjIterNext(p, pIter);
    }

    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && !pIter->zTbl ){
      rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
      p->zErrmsg = sqlite3_mprintf("ota_state mismatch error");
    }

    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      p->nStep = pState->nRow;
      rc = otaObjIterPrepareAll(p, &p->objiter, p->nStep);
    }

    p->rc = rc;
  }
}

/*
** If there is a "*-oal" file in the file-system corresponding to the
** target database in the file-system, delete it. If an error occurs,
** leave an error code and error message in the ota handle.
*/
static void otaDeleteOalFile(sqlite3ota *p){
  char *zOal = sqlite3_mprintf("%s-oal", p->zTarget);
  assert( p->rc==SQLITE_OK && p->zErrmsg==0 );
  unlink(zOal);
  sqlite3_free(zOal);
}

/*
** Allocate a private ota VFS for the ota handle passed as the only
** argument. This VFS will be used unless the call to sqlite3ota_open()
** specified a URI with a vfs=? option in place of a target database
** file name.
*/
static void otaCreateVfs(sqlite3ota *p){
  int rnd;
  char zRnd[64];

  assert( p->rc==SQLITE_OK );
  sqlite3_randomness(sizeof(int), (void*)&rnd);
  sprintf(zRnd, "ota_vfs_%d", rnd);
  p->rc = sqlite3ota_create_vfs(zRnd, 0);
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3_vfs *pVfs = sqlite3_vfs_find(zRnd);
    assert( pVfs );
    p->zVfsName = pVfs->zName;
  }
}

/*
** Destroy the private VFS created for the ota handle passed as the only
** argument by an earlier call to otaCreateVfs().
*/
static void otaDeleteVfs(sqlite3ota *p){
  if( p->zVfsName ){
    sqlite3ota_destroy_vfs(p->zVfsName);
    p->zVfsName = 0;
  }
}

/*
** Open and return a new OTA handle. 
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3ota *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3ota_open(
  const char *zTarget, 
  const char *zOta,
  const char *zState
){
  sqlite3ota *p;
  int nTarget = strlen(zTarget);
  int nOta = strlen(zOta);
  int nState = zState ? strlen(zState) : 0;

  p = (sqlite3ota*)sqlite3_malloc(sizeof(sqlite3ota)+nTarget+1+nOta+1+nState+1);
  if( p ){
    OtaState *pState = 0;

    /* Create the custom VFS. */
    memset(p, 0, sizeof(sqlite3ota));
    otaCreateVfs(p);

    /* Open the target database */
    if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      p->zTarget = (char*)&p[1];
      memcpy(p->zTarget, zTarget, nTarget+1);
      p->zOta = &p->zTarget[nTarget+1];
      memcpy(p->zOta, zOta, nOta+1);
      if( zState ){
        p->zState = &p->zOta[nOta+1];
        memcpy(p->zState, zState, nState+1);
      }
      otaOpenDatabase(p);
    }

    /* If it has not already been created, create the ota_state table */
    otaMPrintfExec(p, p->dbOta, OTA_CREATE_STATE, p->zStateDb);

    if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      pState = otaLoadState(p);
      assert( pState || p->rc!=SQLITE_OK );
      if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){

        if( pState->eStage==0 ){ 
          otaDeleteOalFile(p);
          p->eStage = OTA_STAGE_OAL;
        }else{
          p->eStage = pState->eStage;
        }
        p->nProgress = pState->nProgress;
        p->iOalSz = pState->iOalSz;
      }
    }
    assert( p->rc!=SQLITE_OK || p->eStage!=0 );

    if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK && p->pTargetFd->pWalFd ){
      if( p->eStage==OTA_STAGE_OAL ){
        p->rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
        p->zErrmsg = sqlite3_mprintf("cannot update wal mode database");
      }else if( p->eStage==OTA_STAGE_MOVE ){
        p->eStage = OTA_STAGE_CKPT;
        p->nStep = 0;
      }
    }

    if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK
     && (p->eStage==OTA_STAGE_OAL || p->eStage==OTA_STAGE_MOVE)
     && pState->eStage!=0 && p->pTargetFd->iCookie!=pState->iCookie
    ){   
      /* At this point (pTargetFd->iCookie) contains the value of the
      ** change-counter cookie (the thing that gets incremented when a 
      ** transaction is committed in rollback mode) currently stored on 
      ** page 1 of the database file. */
      p->rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
      p->zErrmsg = sqlite3_mprintf("database modified during ota update");
    }

    if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      if( p->eStage==OTA_STAGE_OAL ){

        /* Open transactions both databases. The *-oal file is opened or
        ** created at this point. */
        p->rc = sqlite3_exec(p->dbMain, "BEGIN IMMEDIATE", 0, 0, &p->zErrmsg);
        if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          p->rc = sqlite3_exec(p->dbOta, "BEGIN IMMEDIATE", 0, 0, &p->zErrmsg);
        }
  
        /* Point the object iterator at the first object */
        if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          p->rc = otaObjIterFirst(p, &p->objiter);
        }

        /* If the OTA database contains no data_xxx tables, declare the OTA
        ** update finished.  */
        if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK && p->objiter.zTbl==0 ){
          p->rc = SQLITE_DONE;
        }

        if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          otaSetupOal(p, pState);
        }

      }else if( p->eStage==OTA_STAGE_MOVE ){
        /* no-op */
      }else if( p->eStage==OTA_STAGE_CKPT ){
        otaSetupCheckpoint(p, pState);
      }else if( p->eStage==OTA_STAGE_DONE ){
        p->rc = SQLITE_DONE;
      }else{
        p->rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT;
      }
    }

    otaFreeState(pState);
  }

  return p;
}


/*
** Return the database handle used by pOta.
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3 *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3ota_db(sqlite3ota *pOta, int bOta){
  sqlite3 *db = 0;
  if( pOta ){
    db = (bOta ? pOta->dbOta : pOta->dbMain);
  }
  return db;
}


/*
** If the error code currently stored in the OTA handle is SQLITE_CONSTRAINT,
** then edit any error message string so as to remove all occurrences of
** the pattern "ota_imp_[0-9]*".
*/
static void otaEditErrmsg(sqlite3ota *p){
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_CONSTRAINT && p->zErrmsg ){
    int i;
    int nErrmsg = strlen(p->zErrmsg);
    for(i=0; i<(nErrmsg-8); i++){
      if( memcmp(&p->zErrmsg[i], "ota_imp_", 8)==0 ){
        int nDel = 8;
        while( p->zErrmsg[i+nDel]>='0' && p->zErrmsg[i+nDel]<='9' ) nDel++;
        memmove(&p->zErrmsg[i], &p->zErrmsg[i+nDel], nErrmsg + 1 - i - nDel);
        nErrmsg -= nDel;
      }
    }
  }
}

/*
** Close the OTA handle.
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3ota_close(sqlite3ota *p, char **pzErrmsg){
  int rc;
  if( p ){

    /* Commit the transaction to the *-oal file. */
    if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK && p->eStage==OTA_STAGE_OAL ){
      p->rc = sqlite3_exec(p->dbMain, "COMMIT", 0, 0, &p->zErrmsg);
    }

    otaSaveState(p, p->eStage);

    if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK && p->eStage==OTA_STAGE_OAL ){
      p->rc = sqlite3_exec(p->dbOta, "COMMIT", 0, 0, &p->zErrmsg);
    }

    /* Close any open statement handles. */
    otaObjIterFinalize(&p->objiter);

    /* Close the open database handle and VFS object. */
    sqlite3_close(p->dbMain);
    sqlite3_close(p->dbOta);
    otaDeleteVfs(p);
    sqlite3_free(p->aBuf);
    sqlite3_free(p->aFrame);

    otaEditErrmsg(p);
    rc = p->rc;
    *pzErrmsg = p->zErrmsg;
    sqlite3_free(p);
  }else{
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    *pzErrmsg = 0;
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Return the total number of key-value operations (inserts, deletes or 
** updates) that have been performed on the target database since the
** current OTA update was started.
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3ota_progress(sqlite3ota *pOta){
  return pOta->nProgress;
}

/**************************************************************************
** Beginning of OTA VFS shim methods. The VFS shim modifies the behaviour
** of a standard VFS in the following ways:
**
** 1. Whenever the first page of a main database file is read or 
**    written, the value of the change-counter cookie is stored in
**    ota_file.iCookie. Similarly, the value of the "write-version"
**    database header field is stored in ota_file.iWriteVer. This ensures
**    that the values are always trustworthy within an open transaction.
**
** 2. Whenever an SQLITE_OPEN_WAL file is opened, the (ota_file.pWalFd)
**    member variable of the associated database file descriptor is set
**    to point to the new file. A mutex protected linked list of all main 
**    db fds opened using a particular OTA VFS is maintained at 
**    ota_vfs.pMain to facilitate this.
**
** 3. Using a new file-control "SQLITE_FCNTL_OTA", a main db ota_file 
**    object can be marked as the target database of an OTA update. This
**    turns on the following extra special behaviour:
**
** 3a. If xAccess() is called to check if there exists a *-wal file 
**     associated with an OTA target database currently in OTA_STAGE_OAL
**     stage (preparing the *-oal file), the following special handling
**     applies:
**
**      * if the *-wal file does exist, return SQLITE_CANTOPEN. An OTA
**        target database may not be in wal mode already.
**
**      * if the *-wal file does not exist, set the output parameter to
**        non-zero (to tell SQLite that it does exist) anyway.
**
**     Then, when xOpen() is called to open the *-wal file associated with
**     the OTA target in OTA_STAGE_OAL stage, instead of opening the *-wal
**     file, the ota vfs opens the corresponding *-oal file instead. 
**
** 3b. The *-shm pages returned by xShmMap() for a target db file in
**     OTA_STAGE_OAL mode are actually stored in heap memory. This is to
**     avoid creating a *-shm file on disk. Additionally, xShmLock() calls
**     are no-ops on target database files in OTA_STAGE_OAL mode. This is
**     because assert() statements in some VFS implementations fail if 
**     xShmLock() is called before xShmMap().
**
** 3c. If an EXCLUSIVE lock is attempted on a target database file in any
**     mode except OTA_STAGE_DONE (all work completed and checkpointed), it 
**     fails with an SQLITE_BUSY error. This is to stop OTA connections
**     from automatically checkpointing a *-wal (or *-oal) file from within
**     sqlite3_close().
**
** 3d. In OTA_STAGE_CAPTURE mode, all xRead() calls on the wal file, and
**     all xWrite() calls on the target database file perform no IO. 
**     Instead the frame and page numbers that would be read and written
**     are recorded. Additionally, successful attempts to obtain exclusive
**     xShmLock() WRITER, CHECKPOINTER and READ0 locks on the target 
**     database file are recorded. xShmLock() calls to unlock the same
**     locks are no-ops (so that once obtained, these locks are never
**     relinquished). Finally, calls to xSync() on the target database
**     file fail with SQLITE_INTERNAL errors.
*/

static void otaUnlockShm(ota_file *p){
  if( p->pOta ){
    int (*xShmLock)(sqlite3_file*,int,int,int) = p->pReal->pMethods->xShmLock;
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<SQLITE_SHM_NLOCK;i++){
      if( (1<<i) & p->pOta->mLock ){
        xShmLock(p->pReal, i, 1, SQLITE_SHM_UNLOCK|SQLITE_SHM_EXCLUSIVE);
      }
    }
    p->pOta->mLock = 0;
  }
}

/*
** Close an ota file.
*/
static int otaVfsClose(sqlite3_file *pFile){
  ota_file *p = (ota_file*)pFile;
  int rc;
  int i;

  /* Free the contents of the apShm[] array. And the array itself. */
  for(i=0; i<p->nShm; i++){
    sqlite3_free(p->apShm[i]);
  }
  sqlite3_free(p->apShm);
  p->apShm = 0;
  sqlite3_free(p->zDel);

  if( p->openFlags & SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB ){
    ota_file **pp;
    sqlite3_mutex_enter(p->pOtaVfs->mutex);
    for(pp=&p->pOtaVfs->pMain; *pp!=p; pp=&((*pp)->pMainNext));
    *pp = p->pMainNext;
    sqlite3_mutex_leave(p->pOtaVfs->mutex);
    otaUnlockShm(p);
    p->pReal->pMethods->xShmUnmap(p->pReal, 0);
  }

  /* Close the underlying file handle */
  rc = p->pReal->pMethods->xClose(p->pReal);
  return rc;
}


/*
** Read and return an unsigned 32-bit big-endian integer from the buffer 
** passed as the only argument.
*/
static u32 otaGetU32(u8 *aBuf){
  return ((u32)aBuf[0] << 24)
       + ((u32)aBuf[1] << 16)
       + ((u32)aBuf[2] <<  8)
       + ((u32)aBuf[3]);
}

/*
** Read data from an otaVfs-file.
*/
static int otaVfsRead(
  sqlite3_file *pFile, 
  void *zBuf, 
  int iAmt, 
  sqlite_int64 iOfst
){
  ota_file *p = (ota_file*)pFile;
  sqlite3ota *pOta = p->pOta;
  int rc;

  if( pOta && pOta->eStage==OTA_STAGE_CAPTURE ){
    assert( p->openFlags & SQLITE_OPEN_WAL );
    rc = otaCaptureWalRead(p->pOta, iOfst, iAmt);
  }else{
    if( pOta && pOta->eStage==OTA_STAGE_OAL 
     && (p->openFlags & SQLITE_OPEN_WAL) 
     && iOfst>=pOta->iOalSz 
    ){
      rc = SQLITE_OK;
      memset(zBuf, 0, iAmt);
    }else{
      rc = p->pReal->pMethods->xRead(p->pReal, zBuf, iAmt, iOfst);
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && iOfst==0 && (p->openFlags & SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB) ){
      /* These look like magic numbers. But they are stable, as they are part
       ** of the definition of the SQLite file format, which may not change. */
      u8 *pBuf = (u8*)zBuf;
      p->iCookie = otaGetU32(&pBuf[24]);
      p->iWriteVer = pBuf[19];
    }
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Write data to an otaVfs-file.
*/
static int otaVfsWrite(
  sqlite3_file *pFile, 
  const void *zBuf, 
  int iAmt, 
  sqlite_int64 iOfst
){
  ota_file *p = (ota_file*)pFile;
  sqlite3ota *pOta = p->pOta;
  int rc;

  if( pOta && pOta->eStage==OTA_STAGE_CAPTURE ){
    assert( p->openFlags & SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB );
    rc = otaCaptureDbWrite(p->pOta, iOfst);
  }else{
    if( pOta && pOta->eStage==OTA_STAGE_OAL 
     && (p->openFlags & SQLITE_OPEN_WAL) 
     && iOfst>=pOta->iOalSz
    ){
      pOta->iOalSz = iAmt + iOfst;
    }
    rc = p->pReal->pMethods->xWrite(p->pReal, zBuf, iAmt, iOfst);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && iOfst==0 && (p->openFlags & SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB) ){
      /* These look like magic numbers. But they are stable, as they are part
      ** of the definition of the SQLite file format, which may not change. */
      u8 *pBuf = (u8*)zBuf;
      p->iCookie = otaGetU32(&pBuf[24]);
      p->iWriteVer = pBuf[19];
    }
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Truncate an otaVfs-file.
*/
static int otaVfsTruncate(sqlite3_file *pFile, sqlite_int64 size){
  ota_file *p = (ota_file*)pFile;
  return p->pReal->pMethods->xTruncate(p->pReal, size);
}

/*
** Sync an otaVfs-file.
*/
static int otaVfsSync(sqlite3_file *pFile, int flags){
  ota_file *p = (ota_file *)pFile;
  if( p->pOta && p->pOta->eStage==OTA_STAGE_CAPTURE ){
    if( p->openFlags & SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB ){
      return SQLITE_INTERNAL;
    }
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  return p->pReal->pMethods->xSync(p->pReal, flags);
}

/*
** Return the current file-size of an otaVfs-file.
*/
static int otaVfsFileSize(sqlite3_file *pFile, sqlite_int64 *pSize){
  ota_file *p = (ota_file *)pFile;
  return p->pReal->pMethods->xFileSize(p->pReal, pSize);
}

/*
** Lock an otaVfs-file.
*/
static int otaVfsLock(sqlite3_file *pFile, int eLock){
  ota_file *p = (ota_file*)pFile;
  sqlite3ota *pOta = p->pOta;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  assert( p->openFlags & (SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB|SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_DB) );
  if( pOta && eLock==SQLITE_LOCK_EXCLUSIVE && pOta->eStage!=OTA_STAGE_DONE ){
    /* Do not allow EXCLUSIVE locks. Preventing SQLite from taking this 
    ** prevents it from checkpointing the database from sqlite3_close(). */
    rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
  }else{
    rc = p->pReal->pMethods->xLock(p->pReal, eLock);
  }

  return rc;
}

/*
** Unlock an otaVfs-file.
*/
static int otaVfsUnlock(sqlite3_file *pFile, int eLock){
  ota_file *p = (ota_file *)pFile;
  return p->pReal->pMethods->xUnlock(p->pReal, eLock);
}

/*
** Check if another file-handle holds a RESERVED lock on an otaVfs-file.
*/
static int otaVfsCheckReservedLock(sqlite3_file *pFile, int *pResOut){
  ota_file *p = (ota_file *)pFile;
  return p->pReal->pMethods->xCheckReservedLock(p->pReal, pResOut);
}

/*
** File control method. For custom operations on an otaVfs-file.
*/
static int otaVfsFileControl(sqlite3_file *pFile, int op, void *pArg){
  ota_file *p = (ota_file *)pFile;
  int (*xControl)(sqlite3_file*,int,void*) = p->pReal->pMethods->xFileControl;
  int rc;

  assert( p->openFlags & (SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB|SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_DB)
       || p->openFlags & (SQLITE_OPEN_TRANSIENT_DB|SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_JOURNAL)
  );
  if( op==SQLITE_FCNTL_OTA ){
    sqlite3ota *pOta = (sqlite3ota*)pArg;

    /* First try to find another OTA vfs lower down in the vfs stack. If
    ** one is found, this vfs will operate in pass-through mode. The lower
    ** level vfs will do the special OTA handling.  */
    rc = xControl(p->pReal, op, pArg);

    if( rc==SQLITE_NOTFOUND ){
      /* Now search for a zipvfs instance lower down in the VFS stack. If
      ** one is found, this is an error.  */
      void *dummy = 0;
      rc = xControl(p->pReal, SQLITE_FCNTL_ZIPVFS, &dummy);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
        pOta->zErrmsg = sqlite3_mprintf("ota/zipvfs setup error");
      }else if( rc==SQLITE_NOTFOUND ){
        pOta->pTargetFd = p;
        p->pOta = pOta;
        if( p->pWalFd ) p->pWalFd->pOta = pOta;
        rc = SQLITE_OK;
      }
    }
    return rc;
  }

  rc = xControl(p->pReal, op, pArg);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && op==SQLITE_FCNTL_VFSNAME ){
    ota_vfs *pOtaVfs = p->pOtaVfs;
    char *zIn = *(char**)pArg;
    char *zOut = sqlite3_mprintf("ota(%s)/%z", pOtaVfs->base.zName, zIn);
    *(char**)pArg = zOut;
    if( zOut==0 ) rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }

  return rc;
}

/*
** Return the sector-size in bytes for an otaVfs-file.
*/
static int otaVfsSectorSize(sqlite3_file *pFile){
  ota_file *p = (ota_file *)pFile;
  return p->pReal->pMethods->xSectorSize(p->pReal);
}

/*
** Return the device characteristic flags supported by an otaVfs-file.
*/
static int otaVfsDeviceCharacteristics(sqlite3_file *pFile){
  ota_file *p = (ota_file *)pFile;
  return p->pReal->pMethods->xDeviceCharacteristics(p->pReal);
}

/*
** Take or release a shared-memory lock.
*/
static int otaVfsShmLock(sqlite3_file *pFile, int ofst, int n, int flags){
  ota_file *p = (ota_file*)pFile;
  sqlite3ota *pOta = p->pOta;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

#ifdef SQLITE_AMALGAMATION
    assert( WAL_CKPT_LOCK==1 );
#endif

  assert( p->openFlags & (SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB|SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_DB) );
  if( pOta && (pOta->eStage==OTA_STAGE_OAL || pOta->eStage==OTA_STAGE_MOVE) ){
    /* Magic number 1 is the WAL_CKPT_LOCK lock. Preventing SQLite from
    ** taking this lock also prevents any checkpoints from occurring. 
    ** todo: really, it's not clear why this might occur, as 
    ** wal_autocheckpoint ought to be turned off.  */
    if( ofst==WAL_LOCK_CKPT && n==1 ) rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
  }else{
    int bCapture = 0;
    if( n==1 && (flags & SQLITE_SHM_EXCLUSIVE)
     && pOta && pOta->eStage==OTA_STAGE_CAPTURE
     && (ofst==WAL_LOCK_WRITE || ofst==WAL_LOCK_CKPT || ofst==WAL_LOCK_READ0)
    ){
      bCapture = 1;
    }

    if( bCapture==0 || 0==(flags & SQLITE_SHM_UNLOCK) ){
      rc = p->pReal->pMethods->xShmLock(p->pReal, ofst, n, flags);
      if( bCapture && rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        pOta->mLock |= (1 << ofst);
      }
    }
  }

  return rc;
}

/*
** Obtain a pointer to a mapping of a single 32KiB page of the *-shm file.
*/
static int otaVfsShmMap(
  sqlite3_file *pFile, 
  int iRegion, 
  int szRegion, 
  int isWrite, 
  void volatile **pp
){
  ota_file *p = (ota_file*)pFile;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  int eStage = (p->pOta ? p->pOta->eStage : 0);

  /* If not in OTA_STAGE_OAL, allow this call to pass through. Or, if this
  ** ota is in the OTA_STAGE_OAL state, use heap memory for *-shm space 
  ** instead of a file on disk.  */
  assert( p->openFlags & (SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB|SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_DB) );
  if( eStage==OTA_STAGE_OAL || eStage==OTA_STAGE_MOVE ){
    if( iRegion<=p->nShm ){
      int nByte = (iRegion+1) * sizeof(char*);
      char **apNew = (char**)sqlite3_realloc(p->apShm, nByte);
      if( apNew==0 ){
        rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
      }else{
        memset(&apNew[p->nShm], 0, sizeof(char*) * (1 + iRegion - p->nShm));
................................................................................

  return rc;
}

/*
** Memory barrier.
*/
static void otaVfsShmBarrier(sqlite3_file *pFile){
  ota_file *p = (ota_file *)pFile;
  p->pReal->pMethods->xShmBarrier(p->pReal);
}

/*
** The xShmUnmap method.
*/
static int otaVfsShmUnmap(sqlite3_file *pFile, int delFlag){
  ota_file *p = (ota_file*)pFile;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  int eStage = (p->pOta ? p->pOta->eStage : 0);

  assert( p->openFlags & (SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB|SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_DB) );
  if( eStage==OTA_STAGE_OAL || eStage==OTA_STAGE_MOVE ){
    /* no-op */
  }else{
    /* Release the checkpointer and writer locks */
    otaUnlockShm(p);
    rc = p->pReal->pMethods->xShmUnmap(p->pReal, delFlag);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Given that zWal points to a buffer containing a wal file name passed to 
** either the xOpen() or xAccess() VFS method, return a pointer to the
** file-handle opened by the same database connection on the corresponding
** database file.
*/
static ota_file *otaFindMaindb(ota_vfs *pOtaVfs, const char *zWal){
  ota_file *pDb;
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(pOtaVfs->mutex);
  for(pDb=pOtaVfs->pMain; pDb && pDb->zWal!=zWal; pDb=pDb->pMainNext);
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(pOtaVfs->mutex);
  return pDb;
}

/*
** Open an ota file handle.
*/
static int otaVfsOpen(
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs,
  const char *zName,
  sqlite3_file *pFile,
  int flags,
  int *pOutFlags
){
  static sqlite3_io_methods otavfs_io_methods = {
    2,                            /* iVersion */
    otaVfsClose,                  /* xClose */
    otaVfsRead,                   /* xRead */
    otaVfsWrite,                  /* xWrite */
    otaVfsTruncate,               /* xTruncate */
    otaVfsSync,                   /* xSync */
    otaVfsFileSize,               /* xFileSize */
    otaVfsLock,                   /* xLock */
    otaVfsUnlock,                 /* xUnlock */
    otaVfsCheckReservedLock,      /* xCheckReservedLock */
    otaVfsFileControl,            /* xFileControl */
    otaVfsSectorSize,             /* xSectorSize */
    otaVfsDeviceCharacteristics,  /* xDeviceCharacteristics */
    otaVfsShmMap,                 /* xShmMap */
    otaVfsShmLock,                /* xShmLock */
    otaVfsShmBarrier,             /* xShmBarrier */
    otaVfsShmUnmap                /* xShmUnmap */
  };
  ota_vfs *pOtaVfs = (ota_vfs*)pVfs;
  sqlite3_vfs *pRealVfs = pOtaVfs->pRealVfs;
  ota_file *pFd = (ota_file *)pFile;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  const char *zOpen = zName;

  memset(pFd, 0, sizeof(ota_file));
  pFd->pReal = (sqlite3_file*)&pFd[1];
  pFd->pOtaVfs = pOtaVfs;
  pFd->openFlags = flags;
  if( zName ){
    if( flags & SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB ){
      /* A main database has just been opened. The following block sets
      ** (pFd->zWal) to point to a buffer owned by SQLite that contains
      ** the name of the *-wal file this db connection will use. SQLite
      ** happens to pass a pointer to this buffer when using xAccess()
................................................................................
      }else{
        while( *z==0 ) z++;
      }
      z += (n + 8 + 1);
      pFd->zWal = z;
    }
    else if( flags & SQLITE_OPEN_WAL ){
      ota_file *pDb = otaFindMaindb(pOtaVfs, zName);
      if( pDb ){
        if( pDb->pOta && pDb->pOta->eStage==OTA_STAGE_OAL ){
          /* This call is to open a *-wal file. Intead, open the *-oal. This
          ** code ensures that the string passed to xOpen() is terminated by a
          ** pair of '\0' bytes in case the VFS attempts to extract a URI 
          ** parameter from it.  */
          int nCopy = strlen(zName);
          char *zCopy = sqlite3_malloc(nCopy+2);
          if( zCopy ){
................................................................................
            zCopy[nCopy-3] = 'o';
            zCopy[nCopy] = '\0';
            zCopy[nCopy+1] = '\0';
            zOpen = (const char*)(pFd->zDel = zCopy);
          }else{
            rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
          }
          pFd->pOta = pDb->pOta;
        }
        pDb->pWalFd = pFd;
      }
    }
  }

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = pRealVfs->xOpen(pRealVfs, zOpen, pFd->pReal, flags, pOutFlags);
  }
  if( pFd->pReal->pMethods ){
    /* The xOpen() operation has succeeded. Set the sqlite3_file.pMethods
    ** pointer and, if the file is a main database file, link it into the
    ** mutex protected linked list of all such files.  */
    pFile->pMethods = &otavfs_io_methods;
    if( flags & SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB ){
      sqlite3_mutex_enter(pOtaVfs->mutex);
      pFd->pMainNext = pOtaVfs->pMain;
      pOtaVfs->pMain = pFd;
      sqlite3_mutex_leave(pOtaVfs->mutex);
    }
  }else{
    sqlite3_free(pFd->zDel);
  }

  return rc;
}

/*
** Delete the file located at zPath.
*/
static int otaVfsDelete(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, const char *zPath, int dirSync){
  sqlite3_vfs *pRealVfs = ((ota_vfs*)pVfs)->pRealVfs;
  return pRealVfs->xDelete(pRealVfs, zPath, dirSync);
}

/*
** Test for access permissions. Return true if the requested permission
** is available, or false otherwise.
*/
static int otaVfsAccess(
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, 
  const char *zPath, 
  int flags, 
  int *pResOut
){
  ota_vfs *pOtaVfs = (ota_vfs*)pVfs;
  sqlite3_vfs *pRealVfs = pOtaVfs->pRealVfs;
  int rc;

  rc = pRealVfs->xAccess(pRealVfs, zPath, flags, pResOut);

  /* If this call is to check if a *-wal file associated with an OTA target
  ** database connection exists, and the OTA update is in OTA_STAGE_OAL,
  ** the following special handling is activated:
  **
  **   a) if the *-wal file does exist, return SQLITE_CANTOPEN. This
  **      ensures that the OTA extension never tries to update a database
  **      in wal mode, even if the first page of the database file has
  **      been damaged. 
  **
  **   b) if the *-wal file does not exist, claim that it does anyway,
  **      causing SQLite to call xOpen() to open it. This call will also
  **      be intercepted (see the otaVfsOpen() function) and the *-oal
  **      file opened instead.
  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && flags==SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS ){
    ota_file *pDb = otaFindMaindb(pOtaVfs, zPath);
    if( pDb && pDb->pOta && pDb->pOta->eStage==OTA_STAGE_OAL ){
      if( *pResOut ){
        rc = SQLITE_CANTOPEN;
      }else{
        *pResOut = 1;
      }
    }
  }
................................................................................
}

/*
** Populate buffer zOut with the full canonical pathname corresponding
** to the pathname in zPath. zOut is guaranteed to point to a buffer
** of at least (DEVSYM_MAX_PATHNAME+1) bytes.
*/
static int otaVfsFullPathname(
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, 
  const char *zPath, 
  int nOut, 
  char *zOut
){
  sqlite3_vfs *pRealVfs = ((ota_vfs*)pVfs)->pRealVfs;
  return pRealVfs->xFullPathname(pRealVfs, zPath, nOut, zOut);
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION
/*
** Open the dynamic library located at zPath and return a handle.
*/
static void *otaVfsDlOpen(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, const char *zPath){
  sqlite3_vfs *pRealVfs = ((ota_vfs*)pVfs)->pRealVfs;
  return pRealVfs->xDlOpen(pRealVfs, zPath);
}

/*
** Populate the buffer zErrMsg (size nByte bytes) with a human readable
** utf-8 string describing the most recent error encountered associated 
** with dynamic libraries.
*/
static void otaVfsDlError(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, int nByte, char *zErrMsg){
  sqlite3_vfs *pRealVfs = ((ota_vfs*)pVfs)->pRealVfs;
  pRealVfs->xDlError(pRealVfs, nByte, zErrMsg);
}

/*
** Return a pointer to the symbol zSymbol in the dynamic library pHandle.
*/
static void (*otaVfsDlSym(
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, 
  void *pArg, 
  const char *zSym
))(void){
  sqlite3_vfs *pRealVfs = ((ota_vfs*)pVfs)->pRealVfs;
  return pRealVfs->xDlSym(pRealVfs, pArg, zSym);
}

/*
** Close the dynamic library handle pHandle.
*/
static void otaVfsDlClose(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, void *pHandle){
  sqlite3_vfs *pRealVfs = ((ota_vfs*)pVfs)->pRealVfs;
  return pRealVfs->xDlClose(pRealVfs, pHandle);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION */

/*
** Populate the buffer pointed to by zBufOut with nByte bytes of 
** random data.
*/
static int otaVfsRandomness(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, int nByte, char *zBufOut){
  sqlite3_vfs *pRealVfs = ((ota_vfs*)pVfs)->pRealVfs;
  return pRealVfs->xRandomness(pRealVfs, nByte, zBufOut);
}

/*
** Sleep for nMicro microseconds. Return the number of microseconds 
** actually slept.
*/
static int otaVfsSleep(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, int nMicro){
  sqlite3_vfs *pRealVfs = ((ota_vfs*)pVfs)->pRealVfs;
  return pRealVfs->xSleep(pRealVfs, nMicro);
}

/*
** Return the current time as a Julian Day number in *pTimeOut.
*/
static int otaVfsCurrentTime(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, double *pTimeOut){
  sqlite3_vfs *pRealVfs = ((ota_vfs*)pVfs)->pRealVfs;
  return pRealVfs->xCurrentTime(pRealVfs, pTimeOut);
}

/*
** No-op.
*/
static int otaVfsGetLastError(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, int a, char *b){
  return 0;
}

/*
** Deregister and destroy an OTA vfs created by an earlier call to
** sqlite3ota_create_vfs().
*/
SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3ota_destroy_vfs(const char *zName){
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs = sqlite3_vfs_find(zName);
  if( pVfs && pVfs->xOpen==otaVfsOpen ){
    sqlite3_mutex_free(((ota_vfs*)pVfs)->mutex);
    sqlite3_vfs_unregister(pVfs);
    sqlite3_free(pVfs);
  }
}

/*
** Create an OTA VFS named zName that accesses the underlying file-system
** via existing VFS zParent. The new object is registered as a non-default
** VFS with SQLite before returning.
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3ota_create_vfs(const char *zName, const char *zParent){

  /* Template for VFS */
  static sqlite3_vfs vfs_template = {
    1,                            /* iVersion */
    0,                            /* szOsFile */
    0,                            /* mxPathname */
    0,                            /* pNext */
    0,                            /* zName */
    0,                            /* pAppData */
    otaVfsOpen,                   /* xOpen */
    otaVfsDelete,                 /* xDelete */
    otaVfsAccess,                 /* xAccess */
    otaVfsFullPathname,           /* xFullPathname */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION
    otaVfsDlOpen,                 /* xDlOpen */
    otaVfsDlError,                /* xDlError */
    otaVfsDlSym,                  /* xDlSym */
    otaVfsDlClose,                /* xDlClose */
#else
    0, 0, 0, 0,
#endif

    otaVfsRandomness,             /* xRandomness */
    otaVfsSleep,                  /* xSleep */
    otaVfsCurrentTime,            /* xCurrentTime */
    otaVfsGetLastError,           /* xGetLastError */
    0,                            /* xCurrentTimeInt64 (version 2) */
    0, 0, 0                       /* Unimplemented version 3 methods */
  };

  ota_vfs *pNew = 0;              /* Newly allocated VFS */
  int nName;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  int nByte;
  nName = strlen(zName);
  nByte = sizeof(ota_vfs) + nName + 1;
  pNew = (ota_vfs*)sqlite3_malloc(nByte);
  if( pNew==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }else{
    sqlite3_vfs *pParent;           /* Parent VFS */
    memset(pNew, 0, nByte);
    pParent = sqlite3_vfs_find(zParent);
    if( pParent==0 ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOTFOUND;
    }else{
      char *zSpace;
      memcpy(&pNew->base, &vfs_template, sizeof(sqlite3_vfs));
      pNew->base.mxPathname = pParent->mxPathname;
      pNew->base.szOsFile = sizeof(ota_file) + pParent->szOsFile;
      pNew->pRealVfs = pParent;
      pNew->base.zName = (const char*)(zSpace = (char*)&pNew[1]);
      memcpy(zSpace, zName, nName);

      /* Allocate the mutex and register the new VFS (not as the default) */
      pNew->mutex = sqlite3_mutex_alloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE);
      if( pNew->mutex==0 ){
................................................................................

  return rc;
}


/**************************************************************************/

#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_CORE) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_OTA) */

/************** End of sqlite3ota.c ******************************************/
/************** Begin file dbstat.c ******************************************/
/*
** 2010 July 12
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**







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157819
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157821
157822
157823
157824
157825
157826
157827
157828
157829
157830
157831
157832
157833
157834
157835
157836
157837
157838
157839
......
157840
157841
157842
157843
157844
157845
157846
157847
157848
157849
157850
157851
157852
157853
157854
157855
157856
157857
157858
157859
157860
157861
157862
157863
157864
157865
157866
......
157871
157872
157873
157874
157875
157876
157877
157878
157879
157880
157881
157882
157883
157884
157885
157886
157887
157888
157889
157890
157891
......
157898
157899
157900
157901
157902
157903
157904
157905
157906
157907
157908
157909
157910
157911
157912
157913
157914
157915
157916
157917
......
157921
157922
157923
157924
157925
157926
157927
157928
157929
157930
157931
157932
157933
157934
157935
157936
157937
157938
157939
157940
157941
......
157948
157949
157950
157951
157952
157953
157954
157955
157956
157957
157958
157959
157960
157961
157962
......
157969
157970
157971
157972
157973
157974
157975
157976
157977
157978
157979
157980
157981
157982
157983
157984
157985
157986
......
157987
157988
157989
157990
157991
157992
157993
157994
157995
157996
157997
157998
157999
158000
158001
158002
158003
158004
158005
158006
158007
158008
158009
158010
158011
158012
158013
158014
158015
158016
158017
158018
158019
158020
158021
158022
158023
158024
158025
158026
158027
158028
158029
158030
158031
158032
158033
158034
158035
158036
158037
158038
158039
158040
158041
158042
158043
158044
158045
158046
158047
158048
158049
158050
158051
158052
158053
158054
158055
158056
158057
158058
158059
158060
158061
158062
158063
158064
158065
158066
158067
158068
158069
158070
158071
158072
158073
158074
158075
158076
158077
158078
158079
158080
158081
158082
158083
158084
158085
158086
158087
158088
158089
158090
158091
158092
158093
158094
158095
158096
158097
158098
158099
158100
158101
158102
158103
158104
158105
158106
158107
158108
158109
158110
158111
158112
158113
158114
158115
158116
158117
158118
......
158126
158127
158128
158129
158130
158131
158132
158133
158134
158135
158136
158137
158138
158139
158140
158141
158142
158143
158144
158145
158146
158147
158148
158149
158150
158151
158152
158153
158154
158155
158156
158157
158158
158159
158160
158161
158162
158163
158164
158165
158166
158167
158168
158169
158170
158171
158172
158173
158174
158175
158176
158177
158178
158179
158180
158181
158182
158183
158184
158185
158186
158187
158188
158189
158190
158191
158192
158193
158194
158195
158196
158197
158198
158199
158200
158201
158202
158203
158204
158205
158206
158207
158208
158209
158210
158211
158212
......
158231
158232
158233
158234
158235
158236
158237
158238
158239
158240
158241
158242
158243
158244
158245
158246
158247
158248
158249
158250
158251
158252
158253
158254
158255
158256
158257
158258
158259
158260
158261
158262
158263
158264
158265
158266
158267
158268
158269
158270
158271
158272
158273
158274
158275
158276
158277
158278
158279
158280
158281
158282
158283
......
158290
158291
158292
158293
158294
158295
158296
158297
158298
158299
158300
158301
158302
158303
158304
158305
158306
158307
158308
158309
158310
......
158325
158326
158327
158328
158329
158330
158331
158332
158333
158334
158335
158336
158337
158338
158339
158340
158341
158342
158343
158344
158345
158346
158347
158348
158349
158350
158351
158352
158353
158354
158355
158356
158357
158358
158359
158360
158361
158362
158363
158364
158365
......
158389
158390
158391
158392
158393
158394
158395
158396
158397
158398
158399
158400
158401
158402
158403
158404
158405
158406
158407
158408
......
158416
158417
158418
158419
158420
158421
158422
158423
158424
158425
158426
158427
158428
158429
158430
158431
......
158433
158434
158435
158436
158437
158438
158439
158440
158441
158442
158443
158444
158445
158446
158447
158448
158449
158450
158451
158452
158453
158454
158455
158456
158457
158458
158459
158460
158461
158462
158463
158464
158465
158466
158467
158468
158469
158470
158471
158472
158473
158474
158475
158476
158477
158478
158479
158480
158481
158482
158483
158484
158485
158486
158487
158488
158489
158490
158491
158492
158493
158494
158495
158496
158497
158498
158499
158500
158501
158502
158503
158504
158505
158506
158507
158508
158509
158510
158511
158512
158513
158514
158515
158516
158517
158518
158519
158520
158521
158522
158523
158524
158525
158526
158527
158528
158529
158530
158531
158532
158533
......
158540
158541
158542
158543
158544
158545
158546
158547
158548
158549
158550
158551
158552
158553
158554
158555
158556
158557
158558
158559
158560
158561
158562
158563
158564
158565
158566
158567
158568
158569
158570
158571
158572
158573
158574
158575
158576
158577
158578
158579
158580
158581
158582
158583
158584
158585
158586
......
158595
158596
158597
158598
158599
158600
158601
158602
158603
158604
158605
158606
158607
158608
158609
158610
158611
158612
158613
158614
158615
158616
158617
158618
158619
158620
158621
158622
158623
158624
158625
158626
158627
158628
158629
158630
158631
158632
158633
158634
158635
158636
158637
158638
158639
158640
158641
158642
158643
158644
158645
158646
......
158658
158659
158660
158661
158662
158663
158664
158665
158666
158667
158668
158669
158670
158671
158672
158673
158674
158675
158676
158677
158678
158679
158680
158681
158682
158683
158684
158685
158686
158687
158688
158689
158690
158691
158692
158693
158694
158695
158696
158697
158698
158699
158700
158701
158702
158703
158704
158705
158706
158707
158708
158709
158710
158711
158712
158713
158714
158715
158716
158717
158718
158719
158720
......
158722
158723
158724
158725
158726
158727
158728
158729
158730
158731
158732
158733
158734
158735
158736
158737
158738
158739
158740
158741
158742
158743
158744
158745
158746
158747
158748
158749
158750
158751
158752
158753
158754
158755
158756
158757
158758
158759
158760
158761
158762
158763
158764
158765
158766
158767
158768
158769
158770
158771
158772
158773
158774
158775
158776
158777
158778
158779
158780
158781
158782
158783
158784
158785
158786
158787
158788
158789
158790
158791
158792
158793
158794
158795
158796
158797
158798
......
158806
158807
158808
158809
158810
158811
158812
158813
158814
158815
158816
158817
158818
158819
158820
158821
158822
158823
158824
158825
158826
......
158832
158833
158834
158835
158836
158837
158838
158839
158840
158841
158842
158843
158844
158845
158846
158847
158848
158849
158850
158851
158852
158853
158854
158855
158856
158857
158858
158859
158860
158861
158862
158863
158864
158865
158866
158867
158868
158869
158870
158871
158872
158873
158874
158875
158876
158877
158878
158879
158880
158881
158882
158883
158884
158885
158886
158887
158888
158889
158890
158891
158892
158893
158894
158895
158896
158897
158898
158899
158900
158901
158902
158903
158904
158905
158906
158907
158908
158909
158910
158911
158912
158913
158914
158915
158916
158917
158918
158919
158920
158921
158922
158923
158924
158925
158926
158927
158928
158929
158930
158931
158932
158933
158934
158935
158936
158937
158938
158939
......
158940
158941
158942
158943
158944
158945
158946
158947
158948
158949
158950
158951
158952
158953
158954
158955
158956
158957
158958
158959
158960
158961
158962
158963
158964
158965
158966
158967
158968
158969
158970
158971
158972
158973
158974
158975
158976
158977
158978
158979
158980
158981
158982
158983
158984
158985
158986
158987
158988
158989
158990
158991
158992
158993
158994
158995
158996
158997
158998
......
159003
159004
159005
159006
159007
159008
159009
159010
159011
159012
159013
159014
159015
159016
159017
159018
159019
159020
159021
159022
159023
159024
159025
159026
159027
159028
159029
159030
159031
159032
159033
159034
159035
159036
159037
159038
159039
159040
159041
159042
159043
159044
159045
159046
159047
159048
159049
159050
159051
159052
159053
159054
159055
159056
159057
159058
159059
159060
159061
159062
159063
159064
159065
159066
159067
159068
159069
159070
159071
159072
159073
159074
......
159076
159077
159078
159079
159080
159081
159082
159083
159084
159085
159086
159087
159088
159089
159090
......
159091
159092
159093
159094
159095
159096
159097
159098
159099
159100
159101
159102
159103
159104
159105
159106
159107
159108
159109
159110
159111
159112
159113
159114
159115
159116
159117
159118
159119
159120
159121
159122
159123
159124
159125
159126
159127
159128
159129
159130
159131
159132
159133
159134
159135
159136
159137
159138
159139
159140
159141
159142
159143
159144
159145
......
159155
159156
159157
159158
159159
159160
159161
159162
159163
159164
159165
159166
159167
159168
159169
......
159176
159177
159178
159179
159180
159181
159182
159183
159184
159185
159186
159187
159188
159189
159190
......
159193
159194
159195
159196
159197
159198
159199
159200
159201
159202
159203
159204
159205
159206
159207
159208
159209
159210
159211
159212
159213
159214
159215
159216
159217
159218
159219
159220
159221
159222
159223
159224
159225
159226
159227
159228
159229
159230
159231
159232
159233
159234
159235
159236
159237
159238
159239
159240
159241
......
159247
159248
159249
159250
159251
159252
159253
159254
159255
159256
159257
159258
159259
159260
159261
159262
159263
159264
159265
159266
159267
159268
159269
159270
159271
159272
159273
159274
159275
159276
159277
159278
159279
159280
159281
159282
159283
159284
159285
159286
159287
159288
159289
159290
159291
159292
159293
159294
159295
159296
159297
159298
159299
159300
159301
159302
159303
159304
159305
159306
159307
159308
159309
159310
159311
159312
159313
159314
159315
159316
159317
159318
159319
159320
159321
159322
159323
159324
159325
159326
......
159330
159331
159332
159333
159334
159335
159336
159337
159338
159339
159340
159341
159342
159343
159344
159345
159346
159347
159348
159349
159350
159351
159352
159353
159354
159355
159356
159357
159358
159359
159360
159361
159362
159363
159364
159365
159366
159367
159368
159369
159370
159371
159372
159373
159374
159375
159376
159377
159378
159379
159380
159381
159382
159383
159384
159385
159386
159387
159388
159389
159390
159391
159392
......
159393
159394
159395
159396
159397
159398
159399
159400
159401
159402
159403
159404
159405
159406
159407
159408
159409
159410
159411
159412
159413
159414
159415
159416
159417
159418
159419
159420
159421
159422
159423
159424
159425
159426
159427
159428
159429
159430
159431
159432
159433
159434
159435
159436
159437
159438
159439
159440
159441
159442
159443
159444
159445
159446
159447
159448
159449
159450
159451
159452
159453
159454
......
159458
159459
159460
159461
159462
159463
159464
159465
159466
159467
159468
159469
159470
159471
159472
159473
159474
159475
159476
159477
159478
159479
159480
159481
159482
159483
159484
159485
159486
159487
159488
159489
159490
159491
159492
159493
159494
159495
159496
159497
159498
159499
159500
159501
159502
159503
159504
159505
159506
159507
159508
159509
159510
159511
159512
159513
159514
159515
159516
159517
159518
159519
159520
159521
159522
159523
159524
159525
159526
159527
159528
159529
159530
159531
159532
159533
159534
159535
159536
159537
159538
159539
159540
159541
159542
159543
159544
159545
159546
159547
159548
159549
159550
159551
159552
159553
159554
159555
159556
159557
159558
159559
159560
159561
159562
159563
159564
159565
159566
159567
159568
......
159573
159574
159575
159576
159577
159578
159579
159580
159581
159582
159583
159584
159585
159586
159587
......
159590
159591
159592
159593
159594
159595
159596
159597
159598
159599
159600
159601
159602
159603
159604
159605
159606
159607
159608
159609
159610
159611
159612
159613
159614
159615
159616
159617
159618
159619
159620
159621
159622
159623
159624
159625
159626
159627
159628
159629
159630
159631
159632
159633
159634
159635
159636
159637
159638
159639
159640
159641
159642
......
159643
159644
159645
159646
159647
159648
159649
159650
159651
159652
159653
159654
159655
159656
159657
159658
159659
159660
159661
159662
159663
159664
159665
159666
159667
159668
159669
159670
159671
159672
159673
159674
159675
159676
159677
159678
159679
159680
159681
159682
159683
159684
159685
159686
159687
159688
159689
159690
159691
159692
159693
159694
159695
159696
159697
159698
159699
159700
159701
159702
159703
159704
159705
159706
159707
159708
159709
159710
159711
159712
159713
159714
159715
159716
159717
......
159721
159722
159723
159724
159725
159726
159727
159728
159729
159730
159731
159732
159733
159734
159735
159736
159737
159738
159739
159740
......
159744
159745
159746
159747
159748
159749
159750
159751
159752
159753
159754
159755
159756
159757
159758
159759
159760
159761
159762
159763
159764
159765
159766
159767
159768
159769
159770
159771
159772
159773
159774
159775
159776
159777
159778
159779
159780
159781
159782
159783
159784
159785
159786
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......
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......
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......
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......
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......
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......
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**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.8.11"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3008011
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2015-07-24 00:02:15 119883a21bdcab66c15d1e80f3da20addda328ad"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
** circumstances in order to fix a problem with priority inversion.
** Applications should <em>not</em> use this file-control.
**
** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_ZIPVFS]]
** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_ZIPVFS] opcode is implemented by zipvfs only. All other
** VFS should return SQLITE_NOTFOUND for this opcode.
**
** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_RBU]]
** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_RBU] opcode is implemented by the special VFS used by
** the RBU extension only.  All other VFS should return SQLITE_NOTFOUND for
** this opcode.  
** </ul>
*/
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE               1
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE       2
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE       3
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_LAST_ERRNO              4
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_TRACE                  19
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_HAS_MOVED              20
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_SYNC                   21
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_COMMIT_PHASETWO        22
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_SET_HANDLE       23
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_WAL_BLOCK              24
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_ZIPVFS                 25
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_RBU                    26

/* deprecated names */
#define SQLITE_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE      SQLITE_FCNTL_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE
#define SQLITE_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE      SQLITE_FCNTL_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE
#define SQLITE_LAST_ERRNO             SQLITE_FCNTL_LAST_ERRNO


................................................................................
              int nPk = pPk->nKeyCol;
              int iPk;

              /* Read the PK into an array of temp registers. */
              r = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nPk);
              for(iPk=0; iPk<nPk; iPk++){
                int iCol = pPk->aiColumn[iPk];
                int rx;
                rx = sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumn(pParse, pTab, iCol, iCur,r+iPk,0);
                if( rx!=r+iPk ){
                  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SCopy, rx, r+iPk);
                }
              }

              /* Check if the temp table already contains this key. If so,
              ** the row has already been included in the result set and
              ** can be ignored (by jumping past the Gosub below). Otherwise,
              ** insert the key into the temp table and proceed with processing
              ** the row.
................................................................................
** The sz parameter is the number of bytes in each lookaside slot.
** The cnt parameter is the number of slots.  If pStart is NULL the
** space for the lookaside memory is obtained from sqlite3_malloc().
** If pStart is not NULL then it is sz*cnt bytes of memory to use for
** the lookaside memory.
*/
static int setupLookaside(sqlite3 *db, void *pBuf, int sz, int cnt){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_LOOKASIDE
  void *pStart;
  if( db->lookaside.nOut ){
    return SQLITE_BUSY;
  }
  /* Free any existing lookaside buffer for this handle before
  ** allocating a new one so we don't have to have space for 
  ** both at the same time.
................................................................................
    db->lookaside.bMalloced = pBuf==0 ?1:0;
  }else{
    db->lookaside.pStart = db;
    db->lookaside.pEnd = db;
    db->lookaside.bEnabled = 0;
    db->lookaside.bMalloced = 0;
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_LOOKASIDE */
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Return the mutex associated with a database connection.
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3_mutex *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_db_mutex(sqlite3 *db){
................................................................................
  *ppModule = &icuTokenizerModule;
}

#endif /* defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_ICU) */
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_CORE) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3) */

/************** End of fts3_icu.c ********************************************/
/************** Begin file sqlite3rbu.c **************************************/
/*
** 2014 August 30
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
................................................................................
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
**
**
** OVERVIEW 
**
**  The RBU extension requires that the RBU update be packaged as an
**  SQLite database. The tables it expects to find are described in
**  sqlite3rbu.h.  Essentially, for each table xyz in the target database
**  that the user wishes to write to, a corresponding data_xyz table is
**  created in the RBU database and populated with one row for each row to
**  update, insert or delete from the target table.
** 
**  The update proceeds in three stages:
** 
**  1) The database is updated. The modified database pages are written
**     to a *-oal file. A *-oal file is just like a *-wal file, except
**     that it is named "<database>-oal" instead of "<database>-wal".
**     Because regular SQLite clients do not look for file named
**     "<database>-oal", they go on using the original database in
**     rollback mode while the *-oal file is being generated.
** 
**     During this stage RBU does not update the database by writing
**     directly to the target tables. Instead it creates "imposter"
**     tables using the SQLITE_TESTCTRL_IMPOSTER interface that it uses
**     to update each b-tree individually. All updates required by each
**     b-tree are completed before moving on to the next, and all
**     updates are done in sorted key order.
** 
**  2) The "<database>-oal" file is moved to the equivalent "<database>-wal"
**     location using a call to rename(2). Before doing this the RBU
**     module takes an EXCLUSIVE lock on the database file, ensuring
**     that there are no other active readers.
** 
**     Once the EXCLUSIVE lock is released, any other database readers
**     detect the new *-wal file and read the database in wal mode. At
**     this point they see the new version of the database - including
**     the updates made as part of the RBU update.
** 
**  3) The new *-wal file is checkpointed. This proceeds in the same way 
**     as a regular database checkpoint, except that a single frame is
**     checkpointed each time sqlite3rbu_step() is called. If the RBU
**     handle is closed before the entire *-wal file is checkpointed,
**     the checkpoint progress is saved in the RBU database and the
**     checkpoint can be resumed by another RBU client at some point in
**     the future.
**
** POTENTIAL PROBLEMS
** 
**  The rename() call might not be portable. And RBU is not currently
**  syncing the directory after renaming the file.
**
**  When state is saved, any commit to the *-oal file and the commit to
**  the RBU update database are not atomic. So if the power fails at the
**  wrong moment they might get out of sync. As the main database will be
**  committed before the RBU update database this will likely either just
**  pass unnoticed, or result in SQLITE_CONSTRAINT errors (due to UNIQUE
**  constraint violations).
**
**  If some client does modify the target database mid RBU update, or some
**  other error occurs, the RBU extension will keep throwing errors. It's
**  not really clear how to get out of this state. The system could just
**  by delete the RBU update database and *-oal file and have the device
**  download the update again and start over.
**
**  At present, for an UPDATE, both the new.* and old.* records are
**  collected in the rbu_xyz table. And for both UPDATEs and DELETEs all
**  fields are collected.  This means we're probably writing a lot more
**  data to disk when saving the state of an ongoing update to the RBU
**  update database than is strictly necessary.
** 
*/

/* #include <assert.h> */
/* #include <string.h> */
/* #include <stdio.h> */
/* #include <unistd.h> */

/* #include "sqlite3.h" */

#if !defined(SQLITE_CORE) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_RBU)
/************** Include sqlite3rbu.h in the middle of sqlite3rbu.c ***********/
/************** Begin file sqlite3rbu.h **************************************/
/*
** 2014 August 30
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
**
** This file contains the public interface for the RBU extension. 
*/

/*
** SUMMARY
**
** Writing a transaction containing a large number of operations on 
** b-tree indexes that are collectively larger than the available cache
................................................................................
** guarantee that a single update process will run for long enough to apply 
** the entire update, for example because the update is being applied on a 
** mobile device that is frequently rebooted. Even after the writer process 
** has committed one or more sub-transactions, other database clients continue
** to read from the original database snapshot. In other words, partially 
** applied transactions are not visible to other clients. 
**
** "RBU" stands for "Resumable Bulk Update". As in a large database update
** transmitted via a wireless network to a mobile device. A transaction
** applied using this extension is hence refered to as an "RBU update".
**
**
** LIMITATIONS
**
** An "RBU update" transaction is subject to the following limitations:
**
**   * The transaction must consist of INSERT, UPDATE and DELETE operations
**     only.
**
**   * INSERT statements may not use any default values.
**
**   * UPDATE and DELETE statements must identify their target rows by 
................................................................................
**   * CHECK constraints are not enforced.
**
**   * No constraint handling mode except for "OR ROLLBACK" is supported.
**
**
** PREPARATION
**
** An "RBU update" is stored as a separate SQLite database. A database
** containing an RBU update is an "RBU database". For each table in the 
** target database to be updated, the RBU database should contain a table
** named "data_<target name>" containing the same set of columns as the
** target table, and one more - "rbu_control". The data_% table should 
** have no PRIMARY KEY or UNIQUE constraints, but each column should have
** the same type as the corresponding column in the target database.
** The "rbu_control" column should have no type at all. For example, if
** the target database contains:
**
**   CREATE TABLE t1(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, b TEXT, c UNIQUE);
**
** Then the RBU database should contain:
**
**   CREATE TABLE data_t1(a INTEGER, b TEXT, c, rbu_control);
**
** The order of the columns in the data_% table does not matter.
**
** If the target database table is a virtual table or a table that has no
** PRIMARY KEY declaration, the data_% table must also contain a column 
** named "rbu_rowid". This column is mapped to the tables implicit primary 
** key column - "rowid". Virtual tables for which the "rowid" column does 
** not function like a primary key value cannot be updated using RBU. For 
** example, if the target db contains either of the following:
**
**   CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE x1 USING fts3(a, b);
**   CREATE TABLE x1(a, b)
**
** then the RBU database should contain:
**
**   CREATE TABLE data_x1(a, b, rbu_rowid, rbu_control);
**
** All non-hidden columns (i.e. all columns matched by "SELECT *") of the
** target table must be present in the input table. For virtual tables,
** hidden columns are optional - they are updated by RBU if present in
** the input table, or not otherwise. For example, to write to an fts4
** table with a hidden languageid column such as:
**
**   CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE ft1 USING fts4(a, b, languageid='langid');
**
** Either of the following input table schemas may be used:
**
**   CREATE TABLE data_ft1(a, b, langid, rbu_rowid, rbu_control);
**   CREATE TABLE data_ft1(a, b, rbu_rowid, rbu_control);
**
** For each row to INSERT into the target database as part of the RBU 
** update, the corresponding data_% table should contain a single record
** with the "rbu_control" column set to contain integer value 0. The
** other columns should be set to the values that make up the new record 
** to insert. 
**
** If the target database table has an INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, it is not 
** possible to insert a NULL value into the IPK column. Attempting to 
** do so results in an SQLITE_MISMATCH error.
**
** For each row to DELETE from the target database as part of the RBU 
** update, the corresponding data_% table should contain a single record
** with the "rbu_control" column set to contain integer value 1. The
** real primary key values of the row to delete should be stored in the
** corresponding columns of the data_% table. The values stored in the
** other columns are not used.
**
** For each row to UPDATE from the target database as part of the RBU 
** update, the corresponding data_% table should contain a single record
** with the "rbu_control" column set to contain a value of type text.
** The real primary key values identifying the row to update should be 
** stored in the corresponding columns of the data_% table row, as should
** the new values of all columns being update. The text value in the 
** "rbu_control" column must contain the same number of characters as
** there are columns in the target database table, and must consist entirely
** of 'x' and '.' characters (or in some special cases 'd' - see below). For 
** each column that is being updated, the corresponding character is set to
** 'x'. For those that remain as they are, the corresponding character of the
** rbu_control value should be set to '.'. For example, given the tables 
** above, the update statement:
**
**   UPDATE t1 SET c = 'usa' WHERE a = 4;
**
** is represented by the data_t1 row created by:
**
**   INSERT INTO data_t1(a, b, c, rbu_control) VALUES(4, NULL, 'usa', '..x');
**
** Instead of an 'x' character, characters of the rbu_control value specified
** for UPDATEs may also be set to 'd'. In this case, instead of updating the
** target table with the value stored in the corresponding data_% column, the
** user-defined SQL function "rbu_delta()" is invoked and the result stored in
** the target table column. rbu_delta() is invoked with two arguments - the
** original value currently stored in the target table column and the 
** value specified in the data_xxx table.
**
** For example, this row:
**
**   INSERT INTO data_t1(a, b, c, rbu_control) VALUES(4, NULL, 'usa', '..d');
**
** is similar to an UPDATE statement such as: 
**
**   UPDATE t1 SET c = rbu_delta(c, 'usa') WHERE a = 4;
**
** If the target database table is a virtual table or a table with no PRIMARY
** KEY, the rbu_control value should not include a character corresponding 
** to the rbu_rowid value. For example, this:
**
**   INSERT INTO data_ft1(a, b, rbu_rowid, rbu_control) 
**       VALUES(NULL, 'usa', 12, '.x');
**
** causes a result similar to:
**
**   UPDATE ft1 SET b = 'usa' WHERE rowid = 12;
**
** The data_xxx tables themselves should have no PRIMARY KEY declarations.
** However, RBU is more efficient if reading the rows in from each data_xxx
** table in "rowid" order is roughly the same as reading them sorted by
** the PRIMARY KEY of the corresponding target database table. In other 
** words, rows should be sorted using the destination table PRIMARY KEY 
** fields before they are inserted into the data_xxx tables.
**
** USAGE
**
** The API declared below allows an application to apply an RBU update 
** stored on disk to an existing target database. Essentially, the 
** application:
**
**     1) Opens an RBU handle using the sqlite3rbu_open() function.
**
**     2) Registers any required virtual table modules with the database
**        handle returned by sqlite3rbu_db(). Also, if required, register
**        the rbu_delta() implementation.
**
**     3) Calls the sqlite3rbu_step() function one or more times on
**        the new handle. Each call to sqlite3rbu_step() performs a single
**        b-tree operation, so thousands of calls may be required to apply 
**        a complete update.
**
**     4) Calls sqlite3rbu_close() to close the RBU update handle. If
**        sqlite3rbu_step() has been called enough times to completely
**        apply the update to the target database, then the RBU database
**        is marked as fully applied. Otherwise, the state of the RBU 
**        update application is saved in the RBU database for later 
**        resumption.
**
** See comments below for more detail on APIs.
**
** If an update is only partially applied to the target database by the
** time sqlite3rbu_close() is called, various state information is saved 
** within the RBU database. This allows subsequent processes to automatically
** resume the RBU update from where it left off.
**
** To remove all RBU extension state information, returning an RBU database 
** to its original contents, it is sufficient to drop all tables that begin
** with the prefix "rbu_"
**
** DATABASE LOCKING
**
** An RBU update may not be applied to a database in WAL mode. Attempting
** to do so is an error (SQLITE_ERROR).
**
** While an RBU handle is open, a SHARED lock may be held on the target
** database file. This means it is possible for other clients to read the
** database, but not to write it.
**
** If an RBU update is started and then suspended before it is completed,
** then an external client writes to the database, then attempting to resume
** the suspended RBU update is also an error (SQLITE_BUSY).
*/

#ifndef _SQLITE3RBU_H
#define _SQLITE3RBU_H

/* #include "sqlite3.h"              ** Required for error code definitions ** */

typedef struct sqlite3rbu sqlite3rbu;

/*
** Open an RBU handle.
**
** Argument zTarget is the path to the target database. Argument zRbu is
** the path to the RBU database. Each call to this function must be matched
** by a call to sqlite3rbu_close(). When opening the databases, RBU passes
** the SQLITE_CONFIG_URI flag to sqlite3_open_v2(). So if either zTarget
** or zRbu begin with "file:", it will be interpreted as an SQLite 
** database URI, not a regular file name.
**
** If the zState argument is passed a NULL value, the RBU extension stores 
** the current state of the update (how many rows have been updated, which 
** indexes are yet to be updated etc.) within the RBU database itself. This
** can be convenient, as it means that the RBU application does not need to
** organize removing a separate state file after the update is concluded. 
** Or, if zState is non-NULL, it must be a path to a database file in which 
** the RBU extension can store the state of the update.
**
** When resuming an RBU update, the zState argument must be passed the same
** value as when the RBU update was started.
**
** Once the RBU update is finished, the RBU extension does not 
** automatically remove any zState database file, even if it created it.
**
** By default, RBU uses the default VFS to access the files on disk. To
** use a VFS other than the default, an SQLite "file:" URI containing a
** "vfs=..." option may be passed as the zTarget option.
**
** IMPORTANT NOTE FOR ZIPVFS USERS: The RBU extension works with all of
** SQLite's built-in VFSs, including the multiplexor VFS. However it does
** not work out of the box with zipvfs. Refer to the comment describing
** the zipvfs_create_vfs() API below for details on using RBU with zipvfs.
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3rbu *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3rbu_open(
  const char *zTarget, 
  const char *zRbu,
  const char *zState
);

/*
** Internally, each RBU connection uses a separate SQLite database 
** connection to access the target and rbu update databases. This
** API allows the application direct access to these database handles.
**
** The first argument passed to this function must be a valid, open, RBU
** handle. The second argument should be passed zero to access the target
** database handle, or non-zero to access the rbu update database handle.
** Accessing the underlying database handles may be useful in the
** following scenarios:
**
**   * If any target tables are virtual tables, it may be necessary to
**     call sqlite3_create_module() on the target database handle to 
**     register the required virtual table implementations.
**
**   * If the data_xxx tables in the RBU source database are virtual 
**     tables, the application may need to call sqlite3_create_module() on
**     the rbu update db handle to any required virtual table
**     implementations.
**
**   * If the application uses the "rbu_delta()" feature described above,
**     it must use sqlite3_create_function() or similar to register the
**     rbu_delta() implementation with the target database handle.
**
** If an error has occurred, either while opening or stepping the RBU object,
** this function may return NULL. The error code and message may be collected
** when sqlite3rbu_close() is called.
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3 *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3rbu_db(sqlite3rbu*, int bRbu);

/*
** Do some work towards applying the RBU update to the target db. 
**
** Return SQLITE_DONE if the update has been completely applied, or 
** SQLITE_OK if no error occurs but there remains work to do to apply
** the RBU update. If an error does occur, some other error code is 
** returned. 
**
** Once a call to sqlite3rbu_step() has returned a value other than
** SQLITE_OK, all subsequent calls on the same RBU handle are no-ops
** that immediately return the same value.
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3rbu_step(sqlite3rbu *pRbu);

/*
** Close an RBU handle. 
**
** If the RBU update has been completely applied, mark the RBU database
** as fully applied. Otherwise, assuming no error has occurred, save the
** current state of the RBU update appliation to the RBU database.
**
** If an error has already occurred as part of an sqlite3rbu_step()
** or sqlite3rbu_open() call, or if one occurs within this function, an
** SQLite error code is returned. Additionally, *pzErrmsg may be set to
** point to a buffer containing a utf-8 formatted English language error
** message. It is the responsibility of the caller to eventually free any 
** such buffer using sqlite3_free().
**
** Otherwise, if no error occurs, this function returns SQLITE_OK if the
** update has been partially applied, or SQLITE_DONE if it has been 
** completely applied.
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3rbu_close(sqlite3rbu *pRbu, char **pzErrmsg);

/*
** Return the total number of key-value operations (inserts, deletes or 
** updates) that have been performed on the target database since the
** current RBU update was started.
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3rbu_progress(sqlite3rbu *pRbu);

/*
** Create an RBU VFS named zName that accesses the underlying file-system
** via existing VFS zParent. Or, if the zParent parameter is passed NULL, 
** then the new RBU VFS uses the default system VFS to access the file-system.
** The new object is registered as a non-default VFS with SQLite before 
** returning.
**
** Part of the RBU implementation uses a custom VFS object. Usually, this
** object is created and deleted automatically by RBU. 
**
** The exception is for applications that also use zipvfs. In this case,
** the custom VFS must be explicitly created by the user before the RBU
** handle is opened. The RBU VFS should be installed so that the zipvfs
** VFS uses the RBU VFS, which in turn uses any other VFS layers in use 
** (for example multiplexor) to access the file-system. For example,
** to assemble an RBU enabled VFS stack that uses both zipvfs and 
** multiplexor (error checking omitted):
**
**     // Create a VFS named "multiplex" (not the default).
**     sqlite3_multiplex_initialize(0, 0);
**
**     // Create an rbu VFS named "rbu" that uses multiplexor. If the
**     // second argument were replaced with NULL, the "rbu" VFS would
**     // access the file-system via the system default VFS, bypassing the
**     // multiplexor.
**     sqlite3rbu_create_vfs("rbu", "multiplex");
**
**     // Create a zipvfs VFS named "zipvfs" that uses rbu.
**     zipvfs_create_vfs_v3("zipvfs", "rbu", 0, xCompressorAlgorithmDetector);
**
**     // Make zipvfs the default VFS.
**     sqlite3_vfs_register(sqlite3_vfs_find("zipvfs"), 1);
**
** Because the default VFS created above includes a RBU functionality, it
** may be used by RBU clients. Attempting to use RBU with a zipvfs VFS stack
** that does not include the RBU layer results in an error.
**
** The overhead of adding the "rbu" VFS to the system is negligible for 
** non-RBU users. There is no harm in an application accessing the 
** file-system via "rbu" all the time, even if it only uses RBU functionality 
** occasionally.
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3rbu_create_vfs(const char *zName, const char *zParent);

/*
** Deregister and destroy an RBU vfs created by an earlier call to
** sqlite3rbu_create_vfs().
**
** VFS objects are not reference counted. If a VFS object is destroyed
** before all database handles that use it have been closed, the results
** are undefined.
*/
SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3rbu_destroy_vfs(const char *zName);

#endif /* _SQLITE3RBU_H */

/************** End of sqlite3rbu.h ******************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in sqlite3rbu.c *****************/

/* Maximum number of prepared UPDATE statements held by this module */
#define SQLITE_RBU_UPDATE_CACHESIZE 16

/*
** Swap two objects of type TYPE.
*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_AMALGAMATION)
# define SWAP(TYPE,A,B) {TYPE t=A; A=B; B=t;}
#endif

/*
** The rbu_state table is used to save the state of a partially applied
** update so that it can be resumed later. The table consists of integer
** keys mapped to values as follows:
**
** RBU_STATE_STAGE:
**   May be set to integer values 1, 2, 4 or 5. As follows:
**       1: the *-rbu file is currently under construction.
**       2: the *-rbu file has been constructed, but not yet moved 
**          to the *-wal path.
**       4: the checkpoint is underway.
**       5: the rbu update has been checkpointed.
**
** RBU_STATE_TBL:
**   Only valid if STAGE==1. The target database name of the table 
**   currently being written.
**
** RBU_STATE_IDX:
**   Only valid if STAGE==1. The target database name of the index 
**   currently being written, or NULL if the main table is currently being
**   updated.
**
** RBU_STATE_ROW:
**   Only valid if STAGE==1. Number of rows already processed for the current
**   table/index.
**
** RBU_STATE_PROGRESS:
**   Trbul number of sqlite3rbu_step() calls made so far as part of this
**   rbu update.
**
** RBU_STATE_CKPT:
**   Valid if STAGE==4. The 64-bit checksum associated with the wal-index
**   header created by recovering the *-wal file. This is used to detect
**   cases when another client appends frames to the *-wal file in the
**   middle of an incremental checkpoint (an incremental checkpoint cannot
**   be continued if this happens).
**
** RBU_STATE_COOKIE:
**   Valid if STAGE==1. The current change-counter cookie value in the 
**   target db file.
**
** RBU_STATE_OALSZ:
**   Valid if STAGE==1. The size in bytes of the *-oal file.
*/
#define RBU_STATE_STAGE       1
#define RBU_STATE_TBL         2
#define RBU_STATE_IDX         3
#define RBU_STATE_ROW         4
#define RBU_STATE_PROGRESS    5
#define RBU_STATE_CKPT        6
#define RBU_STATE_COOKIE      7
#define RBU_STATE_OALSZ       8

#define RBU_STAGE_OAL         1
#define RBU_STAGE_MOVE        2
#define RBU_STAGE_CAPTURE     3
#define RBU_STAGE_CKPT        4
#define RBU_STAGE_DONE        5


#define RBU_CREATE_STATE \
  "CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS %s.rbu_state(k INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, v)"

typedef struct RbuFrame RbuFrame;
typedef struct RbuObjIter RbuObjIter;
typedef struct RbuState RbuState;
typedef struct rbu_vfs rbu_vfs;
typedef struct rbu_file rbu_file;
typedef struct RbuUpdateStmt RbuUpdateStmt;

#if !defined(SQLITE_AMALGAMATION)
typedef unsigned int u32;
typedef unsigned char u8;
typedef sqlite3_int64 i64;
#endif

................................................................................
** format.
*/
#define WAL_LOCK_WRITE  0
#define WAL_LOCK_CKPT   1
#define WAL_LOCK_READ0  3

/*
** A structure to store values read from the rbu_state table in memory.
*/
struct RbuState {
  int eStage;
  char *zTbl;
  char *zIdx;
  i64 iWalCksum;
  int nRow;
  i64 nProgress;
  u32 iCookie;
  i64 iOalSz;
};

struct RbuUpdateStmt {
  char *zMask;                    /* Copy of update mask used with pUpdate */
  sqlite3_stmt *pUpdate;          /* Last update statement (or NULL) */
  RbuUpdateStmt *pNext;
};

/*
** An iterator of this type is used to iterate through all objects in
** the target database that require updating. For each such table, the
** iterator visits, in order:
**
................................................................................
** abIndexed:
**   If the table has no indexes on it, abIndexed is set to NULL. Otherwise,
**   it points to an array of flags nTblCol elements in size. The flag is
**   set for each column that is either a part of the PK or a part of an
**   index. Or clear otherwise.
**   
*/
struct RbuObjIter {
  sqlite3_stmt *pTblIter;         /* Iterate through tables */
  sqlite3_stmt *pIdxIter;         /* Index iterator */
  int nTblCol;                    /* Size of azTblCol[] array */
  char **azTblCol;                /* Array of unquoted target column names */
  char **azTblType;               /* Array of target column types */
  int *aiSrcOrder;                /* src table col -> target table col */
  u8 *abTblPk;                    /* Array of flags, set on target PK columns */
  u8 *abNotNull;                  /* Array of flags, set on NOT NULL columns */
  u8 *abIndexed;                  /* Array of flags, set on indexed & PK cols */
  int eType;                      /* Table type - an RBU_PK_XXX value */

  /* Output variables. zTbl==0 implies EOF. */
  int bCleanup;                   /* True in "cleanup" state */
  const char *zTbl;               /* Name of target db table */
  const char *zIdx;               /* Name of target db index (or null) */
  int iTnum;                      /* Root page of current object */
  int iPkTnum;                    /* If eType==EXTERNAL, root of PK index */
  int bUnique;                    /* Current index is unique */

  /* Statements created by rbuObjIterPrepareAll() */
  int nCol;                       /* Number of columns in current object */
  sqlite3_stmt *pSelect;          /* Source data */
  sqlite3_stmt *pInsert;          /* Statement for INSERT operations */
  sqlite3_stmt *pDelete;          /* Statement for DELETE ops */
  sqlite3_stmt *pTmpInsert;       /* Insert into rbu_tmp_$zTbl */

  /* Last UPDATE used (for PK b-tree updates only), or NULL. */
  RbuUpdateStmt *pRbuUpdate;
};

/*
** Values for RbuObjIter.eType
**
**     0: Table does not exist (error)
**     1: Table has an implicit rowid.
**     2: Table has an explicit IPK column.
**     3: Table has an external PK index.
**     4: Table is WITHOUT ROWID.
**     5: Table is a virtual table.
*/
#define RBU_PK_NOTABLE        0
#define RBU_PK_NONE           1
#define RBU_PK_IPK            2
#define RBU_PK_EXTERNAL       3
#define RBU_PK_WITHOUT_ROWID  4
#define RBU_PK_VTAB           5


/*
** Within the RBU_STAGE_OAL stage, each call to sqlite3rbu_step() performs
** one of the following operations.
*/
#define RBU_INSERT     1          /* Insert on a main table b-tree */
#define RBU_DELETE     2          /* Delete a row from a main table b-tree */
#define RBU_IDX_DELETE 3          /* Delete a row from an aux. index b-tree */
#define RBU_IDX_INSERT 4          /* Insert on an aux. index b-tree */
#define RBU_UPDATE     5          /* Update a row in a main table b-tree */


/*
** A single step of an incremental checkpoint - frame iWalFrame of the wal
** file should be copied to page iDbPage of the database file.
*/
struct RbuFrame {
  u32 iDbPage;
  u32 iWalFrame;
};

/*
** RBU handle.
*/
struct sqlite3rbu {
  int eStage;                     /* Value of RBU_STATE_STAGE field */
  sqlite3 *dbMain;                /* target database handle */
  sqlite3 *dbRbu;                 /* rbu database handle */
  char *zTarget;                  /* Path to target db */
  char *zRbu;                     /* Path to rbu db */
  char *zState;                   /* Path to state db (or NULL if zRbu) */
  char zStateDb[5];               /* Db name for state ("stat" or "main") */
  int rc;                         /* Value returned by last rbu_step() call */
  char *zErrmsg;                  /* Error message if rc!=SQLITE_OK */
  int nStep;                      /* Rows processed for current object */
  int nProgress;                  /* Rows processed for all objects */
  RbuObjIter objiter;             /* Iterator for skipping through tbl/idx */
  const char *zVfsName;           /* Name of automatically created rbu vfs */
  rbu_file *pTargetFd;            /* File handle open on target db */
  i64 iOalSz;

  /* The following state variables are used as part of the incremental
  ** checkpoint stage (eStage==RBU_STAGE_CKPT). See comments surrounding
  ** function rbuSetupCheckpoint() for details.  */
  u32 iMaxFrame;                  /* Largest iWalFrame value in aFrame[] */
  u32 mLock;
  int nFrame;                     /* Entries in aFrame[] array */
  int nFrameAlloc;                /* Allocated size of aFrame[] array */
  RbuFrame *aFrame;
  int pgsz;
  u8 *aBuf;
  i64 iWalCksum;
};

/*
** An rbu VFS is implemented using an instance of this structure.
*/
struct rbu_vfs {
  sqlite3_vfs base;               /* rbu VFS shim methods */
  sqlite3_vfs *pRealVfs;          /* Underlying VFS */
  sqlite3_mutex *mutex;           /* Mutex to protect pMain */
  rbu_file *pMain;                /* Linked list of main db files */
};

/*
** Each file opened by an rbu VFS is represented by an instance of
** the following structure.
*/
struct rbu_file {
  sqlite3_file base;              /* sqlite3_file methods */
  sqlite3_file *pReal;            /* Underlying file handle */
  rbu_vfs *pRbuVfs;               /* Pointer to the rbu_vfs object */
  sqlite3rbu *pRbu;               /* Pointer to rbu object (rbu target only) */

  int openFlags;                  /* Flags this file was opened with */
  u32 iCookie;                    /* Cookie value for main db files */
  u8 iWriteVer;                   /* "write-version" value for main db files */

  int nShm;                       /* Number of entries in apShm[] array */
  char **apShm;                   /* Array of mmap'd *-shm regions */
  char *zDel;                     /* Delete this when closing file */

  const char *zWal;               /* Wal filename for this main db file */
  rbu_file *pWalFd;               /* Wal file descriptor for this main db */
  rbu_file *pMainNext;            /* Next MAIN_DB file */
};


/*
** Prepare the SQL statement in buffer zSql against database handle db.
** If successful, set *ppStmt to point to the new statement and return
** SQLITE_OK. 
................................................................................
    rc = prepareAndCollectError(db, ppStmt, pzErrmsg, zSql);
    sqlite3_free(zSql);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Free the RbuObjIter.azTblCol[] and RbuObjIter.abTblPk[] arrays allocated
** by an earlier call to rbuObjIterCacheTableInfo().
*/
static void rbuObjIterFreeCols(RbuObjIter *pIter){
  int i;
  for(i=0; i<pIter->nTblCol; i++){
    sqlite3_free(pIter->azTblCol[i]);
    sqlite3_free(pIter->azTblType[i]);
  }
  sqlite3_free(pIter->azTblCol);
  pIter->azTblCol = 0;
................................................................................
  pIter->eType = 0;               /* Invalid value */
}

/*
** Finalize all statements and free all allocations that are specific to
** the current object (table/index pair).
*/
static void rbuObjIterClearStatements(RbuObjIter *pIter){
  RbuUpdateStmt *pUp;

  sqlite3_finalize(pIter->pSelect);
  sqlite3_finalize(pIter->pInsert);
  sqlite3_finalize(pIter->pDelete);
  sqlite3_finalize(pIter->pTmpInsert);
  pUp = pIter->pRbuUpdate;
  while( pUp ){
    RbuUpdateStmt *pTmp = pUp->pNext;
    sqlite3_finalize(pUp->pUpdate);
    sqlite3_free(pUp);
    pUp = pTmp;
  }
  
  pIter->pSelect = 0;
  pIter->pInsert = 0;
  pIter->pDelete = 0;
  pIter->pRbuUpdate = 0;
  pIter->pTmpInsert = 0;
  pIter->nCol = 0;
}

/*
** Clean up any resources allocated as part of the iterator object passed
** as the only argument.
*/
static void rbuObjIterFinalize(RbuObjIter *pIter){
  rbuObjIterClearStatements(pIter);
  sqlite3_finalize(pIter->pTblIter);
  sqlite3_finalize(pIter->pIdxIter);
  rbuObjIterFreeCols(pIter);
  memset(pIter, 0, sizeof(RbuObjIter));
}

/*
** Advance the iterator to the next position.
**
** If no error occurs, SQLITE_OK is returned and the iterator is left 
** pointing to the next entry. Otherwise, an error code and message is 
** left in the RBU handle passed as the first argument. A copy of the 
** error code is returned.
*/
static int rbuObjIterNext(sqlite3rbu *p, RbuObjIter *pIter){
  int rc = p->rc;
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){

    /* Free any SQLite statements used while processing the previous object */ 
    rbuObjIterClearStatements(pIter);
    if( pIter->zIdx==0 ){
      rc = sqlite3_exec(p->dbMain,
          "DROP TRIGGER IF EXISTS temp.rbu_insert_tr;"
          "DROP TRIGGER IF EXISTS temp.rbu_update1_tr;"
          "DROP TRIGGER IF EXISTS temp.rbu_update2_tr;"
          "DROP TRIGGER IF EXISTS temp.rbu_delete_tr;"
          , 0, 0, &p->zErrmsg
      );
    }

    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      if( pIter->bCleanup ){
        rbuObjIterFreeCols(pIter);
        pIter->bCleanup = 0;
        rc = sqlite3_step(pIter->pTblIter);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_ROW ){
          rc = resetAndCollectError(pIter->pTblIter, &p->zErrmsg);
          pIter->zTbl = 0;
        }else{
          pIter->zTbl = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pIter->pTblIter, 0);
................................................................................
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }

  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    rbuObjIterFinalize(pIter);
    p->rc = rc;
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Initialize the iterator structure passed as the second argument.
**
** If no error occurs, SQLITE_OK is returned and the iterator is left 
** pointing to the first entry. Otherwise, an error code and message is 
** left in the RBU handle passed as the first argument. A copy of the 
** error code is returned.
*/
static int rbuObjIterFirst(sqlite3rbu *p, RbuObjIter *pIter){
  int rc;
  memset(pIter, 0, sizeof(RbuObjIter));

  rc = prepareAndCollectError(p->dbRbu, &pIter->pTblIter, &p->zErrmsg, 
      "SELECT substr(name, 6) FROM sqlite_master "
      "WHERE type='table' AND name LIKE 'data_%'"
  );

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = prepareAndCollectError(p->dbMain, &pIter->pIdxIter, &p->zErrmsg,
        "SELECT name, rootpage, sql IS NULL OR substr(8, 6)=='UNIQUE' "
................................................................................
        "  FROM main.sqlite_master "
        "  WHERE type='index' AND tbl_name = ?"
    );
  }

  pIter->bCleanup = 1;
  p->rc = rc;
  return rbuObjIterNext(p, pIter);
}

/*
** This is a wrapper around "sqlite3_mprintf(zFmt, ...)". If an OOM occurs,
** an error code is stored in the RBU handle passed as the first argument.
**
** If an error has already occurred (p->rc is already set to something other
** than SQLITE_OK), then this function returns NULL without modifying the
** stored error code. In this case it still calls sqlite3_free() on any 
** printf() parameters associated with %z conversions.
*/
static char *rbuMPrintf(sqlite3rbu *p, const char *zFmt, ...){
  char *zSql = 0;
  va_list ap;
  va_start(ap, zFmt);
  zSql = sqlite3_vmprintf(zFmt, ap);
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( zSql==0 ) p->rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }else{
................................................................................
  return zSql;
}

/*
** Argument zFmt is a sqlite3_mprintf() style format string. The trailing
** arguments are the usual subsitution values. This function performs
** the printf() style substitutions and executes the result as an SQL
** statement on the RBU handles database.
**
** If an error occurs, an error code and error message is stored in the
** RBU handle. If an error has already occurred when this function is
** called, it is a no-op.
*/
static int rbuMPrintfExec(sqlite3rbu *p, sqlite3 *db, const char *zFmt, ...){
  va_list ap;
  va_start(ap, zFmt);
  char *zSql = sqlite3_vmprintf(zFmt, ap);
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( zSql==0 ){
      p->rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }else{
................................................................................
}

/*
** Attempt to allocate and return a pointer to a zeroed block of nByte 
** bytes. 
**
** If an error (i.e. an OOM condition) occurs, return NULL and leave an 
** error code in the rbu handle passed as the first argument. Or, if an 
** error has already occurred when this function is called, return NULL 
** immediately without attempting the allocation or modifying the stored
** error code.
*/
static void *rbuMalloc(sqlite3rbu *p, int nByte){
  void *pRet = 0;
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    assert( nByte>0 );
    pRet = sqlite3_malloc(nByte);
    if( pRet==0 ){
      p->rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }else{
................................................................................
  return pRet;
}


/*
** Allocate and zero the pIter->azTblCol[] and abTblPk[] arrays so that
** there is room for at least nCol elements. If an OOM occurs, store an
** error code in the RBU handle passed as the first argument.
*/
static void rbuAllocateIterArrays(sqlite3rbu *p, RbuObjIter *pIter, int nCol){
  int nByte = (2*sizeof(char*) + sizeof(int) + 3*sizeof(u8)) * nCol;
  char **azNew;

  azNew = (char**)rbuMalloc(p, nByte);
  if( azNew ){
    pIter->azTblCol = azNew;
    pIter->azTblType = &azNew[nCol];
    pIter->aiSrcOrder = (int*)&pIter->azTblType[nCol];
    pIter->abTblPk = (u8*)&pIter->aiSrcOrder[nCol];
    pIter->abNotNull = (u8*)&pIter->abTblPk[nCol];
    pIter->abIndexed = (u8*)&pIter->abNotNull[nCol];
................................................................................
** It is the responsibility of the caller to eventually free this memory
** using sqlite3_free().
**
** If an OOM condition is encountered when attempting to allocate memory,
** output variable (*pRc) is set to SQLITE_NOMEM before returning. Otherwise,
** if the allocation succeeds, (*pRc) is left unchanged.
*/
static char *rbuStrndup(const char *zStr, int *pRc){
  char *zRet = 0;

  assert( *pRc==SQLITE_OK );
  if( zStr ){
    int nCopy = strlen(zStr) + 1;
    zRet = (char*)sqlite3_malloc(nCopy);
    if( zRet ){
................................................................................
  return zRet;
}

/*
** Finalize the statement passed as the second argument.
**
** If the sqlite3_finalize() call indicates that an error occurs, and the
** rbu handle error code is not already set, set the error code and error
** message accordingly.
*/
static void rbuFinalize(sqlite3rbu *p, sqlite3_stmt *pStmt){
  sqlite3 *db = sqlite3_db_handle(pStmt);
  int rc = sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK && rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    p->rc = rc;
    p->zErrmsg = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", sqlite3_errmsg(db));
  }
}
................................................................................

/* Determine the type of a table.
**
**   peType is of type (int*), a pointer to an output parameter of type
**   (int). This call sets the output parameter as follows, depending
**   on the type of the table specified by parameters dbName and zTbl.
**
**     RBU_PK_NOTABLE:       No such table.
**     RBU_PK_NONE:          Table has an implicit rowid.
**     RBU_PK_IPK:           Table has an explicit IPK column.
**     RBU_PK_EXTERNAL:      Table has an external PK index.
**     RBU_PK_WITHOUT_ROWID: Table is WITHOUT ROWID.
**     RBU_PK_VTAB:          Table is a virtual table.
**
**   Argument *piPk is also of type (int*), and also points to an output
**   parameter. Unless the table has an external primary key index 
**   (i.e. unless *peType is set to 3), then *piPk is set to zero. Or,
**   if the table does have an external primary key index, then *piPk
**   is set to the root page number of the primary key index before
**   returning.
**
** ALGORITHM:
**
**   if( no entry exists in sqlite_master ){
**     return RBU_PK_NOTABLE
**   }else if( sql for the entry starts with "CREATE VIRTUAL" ){
**     return RBU_PK_VTAB
**   }else if( "PRAGMA index_list()" for the table contains a "pk" index ){
**     if( the index that is the pk exists in sqlite_master ){
**       *piPK = rootpage of that index.
**       return RBU_PK_EXTERNAL
**     }else{
**       return RBU_PK_WITHOUT_ROWID
**     }
**   }else if( "PRAGMA table_info()" lists one or more "pk" columns ){
**     return RBU_PK_IPK
**   }else{
**     return RBU_PK_NONE
**   }
*/
static void rbuTableType(
  sqlite3rbu *p,
  const char *zTab,
  int *peType,
  int *piTnum,
  int *piPk
){
  /*
  ** 0) SELECT count(*) FROM sqlite_master where name=%Q AND IsVirtual(%Q)
  ** 1) PRAGMA index_list = ?
  ** 2) SELECT count(*) FROM sqlite_master where name=%Q 
  ** 3) PRAGMA table_info = ?
  */
  sqlite3_stmt *aStmt[4] = {0, 0, 0, 0};

  *peType = RBU_PK_NOTABLE;
  *piPk = 0;

  assert( p->rc==SQLITE_OK );
  p->rc = prepareFreeAndCollectError(p->dbMain, &aStmt[0], &p->zErrmsg, 
    sqlite3_mprintf(
          "SELECT (sql LIKE 'create virtual%%'), rootpage"
          "  FROM sqlite_master"
          " WHERE name=%Q", zTab
  ));
  if( p->rc!=SQLITE_OK || sqlite3_step(aStmt[0])!=SQLITE_ROW ){
    /* Either an error, or no such table. */
    goto rbuTableType_end;
  }
  if( sqlite3_column_int(aStmt[0], 0) ){
    *peType = RBU_PK_VTAB;                     /* virtual table */
    goto rbuTableType_end;
  }
  *piTnum = sqlite3_column_int(aStmt[0], 1);

  p->rc = prepareFreeAndCollectError(p->dbMain, &aStmt[1], &p->zErrmsg, 
    sqlite3_mprintf("PRAGMA index_list=%Q",zTab)
  );
  if( p->rc ) goto rbuTableType_end;
  while( sqlite3_step(aStmt[1])==SQLITE_ROW ){
    const u8 *zOrig = sqlite3_column_text(aStmt[1], 3);
    const u8 *zIdx = sqlite3_column_text(aStmt[1], 1);
    if( zOrig && zIdx && zOrig[0]=='p' ){
      p->rc = prepareFreeAndCollectError(p->dbMain, &aStmt[2], &p->zErrmsg, 
          sqlite3_mprintf(
            "SELECT rootpage FROM sqlite_master WHERE name = %Q", zIdx
      ));
      if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        if( sqlite3_step(aStmt[2])==SQLITE_ROW ){
          *piPk = sqlite3_column_int(aStmt[2], 0);
          *peType = RBU_PK_EXTERNAL;
        }else{
          *peType = RBU_PK_WITHOUT_ROWID;
        }
      }
      goto rbuTableType_end;
    }
  }

  p->rc = prepareFreeAndCollectError(p->dbMain, &aStmt[3], &p->zErrmsg, 
    sqlite3_mprintf("PRAGMA table_info=%Q",zTab)
  );
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    while( sqlite3_step(aStmt[3])==SQLITE_ROW ){
      if( sqlite3_column_int(aStmt[3],5)>0 ){
        *peType = RBU_PK_IPK;                /* explicit IPK column */
        goto rbuTableType_end;
      }
    }
    *peType = RBU_PK_NONE;
  }

rbuTableType_end: {
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<sizeof(aStmt)/sizeof(aStmt[0]); i++){
      rbuFinalize(p, aStmt[i]);
    }
  }
}

/*
** This is a helper function for rbuObjIterCacheTableInfo(). It populates
** the pIter->abIndexed[] array.
*/
static void rbuObjIterCacheIndexedCols(sqlite3rbu *p, RbuObjIter *pIter){
  sqlite3_stmt *pList = 0;
  int bIndex = 0;

  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    memcpy(pIter->abIndexed, pIter->abTblPk, sizeof(u8)*pIter->nTblCol);
    p->rc = prepareFreeAndCollectError(p->dbMain, &pList, &p->zErrmsg,
        sqlite3_mprintf("PRAGMA main.index_list = %Q", pIter->zTbl)
................................................................................
    p->rc = prepareFreeAndCollectError(p->dbMain, &pXInfo, &p->zErrmsg,
        sqlite3_mprintf("PRAGMA main.index_xinfo = %Q", zIdx)
    );
    while( p->rc==SQLITE_OK && SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pXInfo) ){
      int iCid = sqlite3_column_int(pXInfo, 1);
      if( iCid>=0 ) pIter->abIndexed[iCid] = 1;
    }
    rbuFinalize(p, pXInfo);
    bIndex = 1;
  }

  rbuFinalize(p, pList);
  if( bIndex==0 ) pIter->abIndexed = 0;
}


/*
** If they are not already populated, populate the pIter->azTblCol[],
** pIter->abTblPk[], pIter->nTblCol and pIter->bRowid variables according to
** the table (not index) that the iterator currently points to.
**
** Return SQLITE_OK if successful, or an SQLite error code otherwise. If
** an error does occur, an error code and error message are also left in 
** the RBU handle.
*/
static int rbuObjIterCacheTableInfo(sqlite3rbu *p, RbuObjIter *pIter){
  if( pIter->azTblCol==0 ){
    sqlite3_stmt *pStmt = 0;
    int nCol = 0;
    int i;                        /* for() loop iterator variable */
    int bRbuRowid = 0;            /* If input table has column "rbu_rowid" */
    int iOrder = 0;
    int iTnum = 0;

    /* Figure out the type of table this step will deal with. */
    assert( pIter->eType==0 );
    rbuTableType(p, pIter->zTbl, &pIter->eType, &iTnum, &pIter->iPkTnum);
    if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK && pIter->eType==RBU_PK_NOTABLE ){
      p->rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
      p->zErrmsg = sqlite3_mprintf("no such table: %s", pIter->zTbl);
    }
    if( p->rc ) return p->rc;
    if( pIter->zIdx==0 ) pIter->iTnum = iTnum;

    assert( pIter->eType==RBU_PK_NONE || pIter->eType==RBU_PK_IPK 
         || pIter->eType==RBU_PK_EXTERNAL || pIter->eType==RBU_PK_WITHOUT_ROWID
         || pIter->eType==RBU_PK_VTAB
    );

    /* Populate the azTblCol[] and nTblCol variables based on the columns
    ** of the input table. Ignore any input table columns that begin with
    ** "rbu_".  */
    p->rc = prepareFreeAndCollectError(p->dbRbu, &pStmt, &p->zErrmsg, 
        sqlite3_mprintf("SELECT * FROM 'data_%q'", pIter->zTbl)
    );
    if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      nCol = sqlite3_column_count(pStmt);
      rbuAllocateIterArrays(p, pIter, nCol);
    }
    for(i=0; p->rc==SQLITE_OK && i<nCol; i++){
      const char *zName = (const char*)sqlite3_column_name(pStmt, i);
      if( sqlite3_strnicmp("rbu_", zName, 4) ){
        char *zCopy = rbuStrndup(zName, &p->rc);
        pIter->aiSrcOrder[pIter->nTblCol] = pIter->nTblCol;
        pIter->azTblCol[pIter->nTblCol++] = zCopy;
      }
      else if( 0==sqlite3_stricmp("rbu_rowid", zName) ){
        bRbuRowid = 1;
      }
    }
    sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
    pStmt = 0;

    if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK
     && bRbuRowid!=(pIter->eType==RBU_PK_VTAB || pIter->eType==RBU_PK_NONE)
    ){
      p->rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
      p->zErrmsg = sqlite3_mprintf(
          "table data_%q %s rbu_rowid column", pIter->zTbl,
          (bRbuRowid ? "may not have" : "requires")
      );
    }

    /* Check that all non-HIDDEN columns in the destination table are also
    ** present in the input table. Populate the abTblPk[], azTblType[] and
    ** aiTblOrder[] arrays at the same time.  */
    if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
................................................................................
        const char *zType = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 2);

        if( i!=iOrder ){
          SWAP(int, pIter->aiSrcOrder[i], pIter->aiSrcOrder[iOrder]);
          SWAP(char*, pIter->azTblCol[i], pIter->azTblCol[iOrder]);
        }

        pIter->azTblType[iOrder] = rbuStrndup(zType, &p->rc);
        pIter->abTblPk[iOrder] = (iPk!=0);
        pIter->abNotNull[iOrder] = (u8)bNotNull || (iPk!=0);
        iOrder++;
      }
    }

    rbuFinalize(p, pStmt);
    rbuObjIterCacheIndexedCols(p, pIter);
    assert( pIter->eType!=RBU_PK_VTAB || pIter->abIndexed==0 );
  }

  return p->rc;
}

/*
** This function constructs and returns a pointer to a nul-terminated 
** string containing some SQL clause or list based on one or more of the 
** column names currently stored in the pIter->azTblCol[] array.
*/
static char *rbuObjIterGetCollist(
  sqlite3rbu *p,                  /* RBU object */
  RbuObjIter *pIter               /* Object iterator for column names */
){
  char *zList = 0;
  const char *zSep = "";
  int i;
  for(i=0; i<pIter->nTblCol; i++){
    const char *z = pIter->azTblCol[i];
    zList = rbuMPrintf(p, "%z%s\"%w\"", zList, zSep, z);
    zSep = ", ";
  }
  return zList;
}

/*
** This function is used to create a SELECT list (the list of SQL 
** expressions that follows a SELECT keyword) for a SELECT statement 
** used to read from an data_xxx or rbu_tmp_xxx table while updating the 
** index object currently indicated by the iterator object passed as the 
** second argument. A "PRAGMA index_xinfo = <idxname>" statement is used 
** to obtain the required information.
**
** If the index is of the following form:
**
**   CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(c, b COLLATE nocase);
................................................................................
** As well as the returned string, three other malloc'd strings are 
** returned via output parameters. As follows:
**
**   pzImposterCols: ...
**   pzImposterPk: ...
**   pzWhere: ...
*/
static char *rbuObjIterGetIndexCols(
  sqlite3rbu *p,                  /* RBU object */
  RbuObjIter *pIter,              /* Object iterator for column names */
  char **pzImposterCols,          /* OUT: Columns for imposter table */
  char **pzImposterPk,            /* OUT: Imposter PK clause */
  char **pzWhere,                 /* OUT: WHERE clause */
  int *pnBind                     /* OUT: Trbul number of columns */
){
  int rc = p->rc;                 /* Error code */
  int rc2;                        /* sqlite3_finalize() return code */
  char *zRet = 0;                 /* String to return */
  char *zImpCols = 0;             /* String to return via *pzImposterCols */
  char *zImpPK = 0;               /* String to return via *pzImposterPK */
  char *zWhere = 0;               /* String to return via *pzWhere */
................................................................................
    int bDesc = sqlite3_column_int(pXInfo, 3);
    const char *zCollate = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pXInfo, 4);
    const char *zCol;
    const char *zType;

    if( iCid<0 ){
      /* An integer primary key. If the table has an explicit IPK, use
      ** its name. Otherwise, use "rbu_rowid".  */
      if( pIter->eType==RBU_PK_IPK ){
        int i;
        for(i=0; pIter->abTblPk[i]==0; i++);
        assert( i<pIter->nTblCol );
        zCol = pIter->azTblCol[i];
      }else{
        zCol = "rbu_rowid";
      }
      zType = "INTEGER";
    }else{
      zCol = pIter->azTblCol[iCid];
      zType = pIter->azTblType[iCid];
    }

    zRet = sqlite3_mprintf("%z%s\"%w\" COLLATE %Q", zRet, zCom, zCol, zCollate);
    if( pIter->bUnique==0 || sqlite3_column_int(pXInfo, 5) ){
      const char *zOrder = (bDesc ? " DESC" : "");
      zImpPK = sqlite3_mprintf("%z%s\"rbu_imp_%d%w\"%s", 
          zImpPK, zCom, nBind, zCol, zOrder
      );
    }
    zImpCols = sqlite3_mprintf("%z%s\"rbu_imp_%d%w\" %s COLLATE %Q", 
        zImpCols, zCom, nBind, zCol, zType, zCollate
    );
    zWhere = sqlite3_mprintf(
        "%z%s\"rbu_imp_%d%w\" IS ?", zWhere, zAnd, nBind, zCol
    );
    if( zRet==0 || zImpPK==0 || zImpCols==0 || zWhere==0 ) rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    zCom = ", ";
    zAnd = " AND ";
    nBind++;
  }

................................................................................
** Assuming the current table columns are "a", "b" and "c", and the zObj
** paramter is passed "old", return a string of the form:
**
**     "old.a, old.b, old.b"
**
** With the column names escaped.
**
** For tables with implicit rowids - RBU_PK_EXTERNAL and RBU_PK_NONE, append
** the text ", old._rowid_" to the returned value.
*/
static char *rbuObjIterGetOldlist(
  sqlite3rbu *p, 
  RbuObjIter *pIter,
  const char *zObj
){
  char *zList = 0;
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK && pIter->abIndexed ){
    const char *zS = "";
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<pIter->nTblCol; i++){
................................................................................
      if( zList==0 ){
        p->rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
        break;
      }
    }

    /* For a table with implicit rowids, append "old._rowid_" to the list. */
    if( pIter->eType==RBU_PK_EXTERNAL || pIter->eType==RBU_PK_NONE ){
      zList = rbuMPrintf(p, "%z, %s._rowid_", zList, zObj);
    }
  }
  return zList;
}

/*
** Return an expression that can be used in a WHERE clause to match the
................................................................................
**
**   CREATE TABLE t1(a, b, c, PRIMARY KEY(b, c));
**
** Return the string:
**
**   "b = ?1 AND c = ?2"
*/
static char *rbuObjIterGetWhere(
  sqlite3rbu *p, 
  RbuObjIter *pIter
){
  char *zList = 0;
  if( pIter->eType==RBU_PK_VTAB || pIter->eType==RBU_PK_NONE ){
    zList = rbuMPrintf(p, "_rowid_ = ?%d", pIter->nTblCol+1);
  }else if( pIter->eType==RBU_PK_EXTERNAL ){
    const char *zSep = "";
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<pIter->nTblCol; i++){
      if( pIter->abTblPk[i] ){
        zList = rbuMPrintf(p, "%z%sc%d=?%d", zList, zSep, i, i+1);
        zSep = " AND ";
      }
    }
    zList = rbuMPrintf(p, 
        "_rowid_ = (SELECT id FROM rbu_imposter2 WHERE %z)", zList
    );

  }else{
    const char *zSep = "";
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<pIter->nTblCol; i++){
      if( pIter->abTblPk[i] ){
        const char *zCol = pIter->azTblCol[i];
        zList = rbuMPrintf(p, "%z%s\"%w\"=?%d", zList, zSep, zCol, i+1);
        zSep = " AND ";
      }
    }
  }
  return zList;
}

/*
** The SELECT statement iterating through the keys for the current object
** (p->objiter.pSelect) currently points to a valid row. However, there
** is something wrong with the rbu_control value in the rbu_control value
** stored in the (p->nCol+1)'th column. Set the error code and error message
** of the RBU handle to something reflecting this.
*/
static void rbuBadControlError(sqlite3rbu *p){
  p->rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
  p->zErrmsg = sqlite3_mprintf("invalid rbu_control value");
}


/*
** Return a nul-terminated string containing the comma separated list of
** assignments that should be included following the "SET" keyword of
** an UPDATE statement used to update the table object that the iterator
** passed as the second argument currently points to if the rbu_control
** column of the data_xxx table entry is set to zMask.
**
** The memory for the returned string is obtained from sqlite3_malloc().
** It is the responsibility of the caller to eventually free it using
** sqlite3_free(). 
**
** If an OOM error is encountered when allocating space for the new
** string, an error code is left in the rbu handle passed as the first
** argument and NULL is returned. Or, if an error has already occurred
** when this function is called, NULL is returned immediately, without
** attempting the allocation or modifying the stored error code.
*/
static char *rbuObjIterGetSetlist(
  sqlite3rbu *p,
  RbuObjIter *pIter,
  const char *zMask
){
  char *zList = 0;
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    int i;

    if( strlen(zMask)!=pIter->nTblCol ){
      rbuBadControlError(p);
    }else{
      const char *zSep = "";
      for(i=0; i<pIter->nTblCol; i++){
        char c = zMask[pIter->aiSrcOrder[i]];
        if( c=='x' ){
          zList = rbuMPrintf(p, "%z%s\"%w\"=?%d", 
              zList, zSep, pIter->azTblCol[i], i+1
          );
          zSep = ", ";
        }
        if( c=='d' ){
          zList = rbuMPrintf(p, "%z%s\"%w\"=rbu_delta(\"%w\", ?%d)", 
              zList, zSep, pIter->azTblCol[i], pIter->azTblCol[i], i+1
          );
          zSep = ", ";
        }
      }
    }
  }
................................................................................
** a buffer containing the string "?,?,?".
**
** The memory for the returned string is obtained from sqlite3_malloc().
** It is the responsibility of the caller to eventually free it using
** sqlite3_free(). 
**
** If an OOM error is encountered when allocating space for the new
** string, an error code is left in the rbu handle passed as the first
** argument and NULL is returned. Or, if an error has already occurred
** when this function is called, NULL is returned immediately, without
** attempting the allocation or modifying the stored error code.
*/
static char *rbuObjIterGetBindlist(sqlite3rbu *p, int nBind){
  char *zRet = 0;
  int nByte = nBind*2 + 1;

  zRet = (char*)rbuMalloc(p, nByte);
  if( zRet ){
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<nBind; i++){
      zRet[i*2] = '?';
      zRet[i*2+1] = (i+1==nBind) ? '\0' : ',';
    }
  }
  return zRet;
}

/*
** The iterator currently points to a table (not index) of type 
** RBU_PK_WITHOUT_ROWID. This function creates the PRIMARY KEY 
** declaration for the corresponding imposter table. For example,
** if the iterator points to a table created as:
**
**   CREATE TABLE t1(a, b, c, PRIMARY KEY(b, a DESC)) WITHOUT ROWID
**
** this function returns:
**
**   PRIMARY KEY("b", "a" DESC)
*/
static char *rbuWithoutRowidPK(sqlite3rbu *p, RbuObjIter *pIter){
  char *z = 0;
  assert( pIter->zIdx==0 );
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    const char *zSep = "PRIMARY KEY(";
    sqlite3_stmt *pXList = 0;     /* PRAGMA index_list = (pIter->zTbl) */
    sqlite3_stmt *pXInfo = 0;     /* PRAGMA index_xinfo = <pk-index> */
   
................................................................................
          p->rc = prepareFreeAndCollectError(p->dbMain, &pXInfo, &p->zErrmsg,
              sqlite3_mprintf("PRAGMA main.index_xinfo = %Q", zIdx)
          );
        }
        break;
      }
    }
    rbuFinalize(p, pXList);

    while( p->rc==SQLITE_OK && SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pXInfo) ){
      if( sqlite3_column_int(pXInfo, 5) ){
        /* int iCid = sqlite3_column_int(pXInfo, 0); */
        const char *zCol = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pXInfo, 2);
        const char *zDesc = sqlite3_column_int(pXInfo, 3) ? " DESC" : "";
        z = rbuMPrintf(p, "%z%s\"%w\"%s", z, zSep, zCol, zDesc);
        zSep = ", ";
      }
    }
    z = rbuMPrintf(p, "%z)", z);
    rbuFinalize(p, pXInfo);
  }
  return z;
}

/*
** This function creates the second imposter table used when writing to
** a table b-tree where the table has an external primary key. If the
** iterator passed as the second argument does not currently point to
** a table (not index) with an external primary key, this function is a
** no-op. 
**
** Assuming the iterator does point to a table with an external PK, this
** function creates a WITHOUT ROWID imposter table named "rbu_imposter2"
** used to access that PK index. For example, if the target table is
** declared as follows:
**
**   CREATE TABLE t1(a, b TEXT, c REAL, PRIMARY KEY(b, c));
**
** then the imposter table schema is:
**
**   CREATE TABLE rbu_imposter2(c1 TEXT, c2 REAL, id INTEGER) WITHOUT ROWID;
**
*/
static void rbuCreateImposterTable2(sqlite3rbu *p, RbuObjIter *pIter){
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK && pIter->eType==RBU_PK_EXTERNAL ){
    int tnum = pIter->iPkTnum;    /* Root page of PK index */
    sqlite3_stmt *pQuery = 0;     /* SELECT name ... WHERE rootpage = $tnum */
    const char *zIdx = 0;         /* Name of PK index */
    sqlite3_stmt *pXInfo = 0;     /* PRAGMA main.index_xinfo = $zIdx */
    const char *zComma = "";
    char *zCols = 0;              /* Used to build up list of table cols */
    char *zPk = 0;                /* Used to build up table PK declaration */
................................................................................
      }
    }
    if( zIdx ){
      p->rc = prepareFreeAndCollectError(p->dbMain, &pXInfo, &p->zErrmsg,
          sqlite3_mprintf("PRAGMA main.index_xinfo = %Q", zIdx)
      );
    }
    rbuFinalize(p, pQuery);

    while( p->rc==SQLITE_OK && SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pXInfo) ){
      int bKey = sqlite3_column_int(pXInfo, 5);
      if( bKey ){
        int iCid = sqlite3_column_int(pXInfo, 1);
        int bDesc = sqlite3_column_int(pXInfo, 3);
        const char *zCollate = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pXInfo, 4);
        zCols = rbuMPrintf(p, "%z%sc%d %s COLLATE %s", zCols, zComma, 
            iCid, pIter->azTblType[iCid], zCollate
        );
        zPk = rbuMPrintf(p, "%z%sc%d%s", zPk, zComma, iCid, bDesc?" DESC":"");
        zComma = ", ";
      }
    }
    zCols = rbuMPrintf(p, "%z, id INTEGER", zCols);
    rbuFinalize(p, pXInfo);

    sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_IMPOSTER, p->dbMain, "main", 1, tnum);
    rbuMPrintfExec(p, p->dbMain,
        "CREATE TABLE rbu_imposter2(%z, PRIMARY KEY(%z)) WITHOUT ROWID", 
        zCols, zPk
    );
    sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_IMPOSTER, p->dbMain, "main", 0, 0);
  }
}

/*
** If an error has already occurred when this function is called, it 
** immediately returns zero (without doing any work). Or, if an error
** occurs during the execution of this function, it sets the error code
** in the sqlite3rbu object indicated by the first argument and returns
** zero.
**
** The iterator passed as the second argument is guaranteed to point to
** a table (not an index) when this function is called. This function
** attempts to create any imposter table required to write to the main
** table b-tree of the table before returning. Non-zero is returned if
** an imposter table are created, or zero otherwise.
**
** An imposter table is required in all cases except RBU_PK_VTAB. Only
** virtual tables are written to directly. The imposter table has the 
** same schema as the actual target table (less any UNIQUE constraints). 
** More precisely, the "same schema" means the same columns, types, 
** collation sequences. For tables that do not have an external PRIMARY
** KEY, it also means the same PRIMARY KEY declaration.
*/
static void rbuCreateImposterTable(sqlite3rbu *p, RbuObjIter *pIter){
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK && pIter->eType!=RBU_PK_VTAB ){
    int tnum = pIter->iTnum;
    const char *zComma = "";
    char *zSql = 0;
    int iCol;
    sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_IMPOSTER, p->dbMain, "main", 0, 1);

    for(iCol=0; p->rc==SQLITE_OK && iCol<pIter->nTblCol; iCol++){
................................................................................
      const char *zCol = pIter->azTblCol[iCol];
      const char *zColl = 0;

      p->rc = sqlite3_table_column_metadata(
          p->dbMain, "main", pIter->zTbl, zCol, 0, &zColl, 0, 0, 0
      );

      if( pIter->eType==RBU_PK_IPK && pIter->abTblPk[iCol] ){
        /* If the target table column is an "INTEGER PRIMARY KEY", add
        ** "PRIMARY KEY" to the imposter table column declaration. */
        zPk = "PRIMARY KEY ";
      }
      zSql = rbuMPrintf(p, "%z%s\"%w\" %s %sCOLLATE %s%s", 
          zSql, zComma, zCol, pIter->azTblType[iCol], zPk, zColl,
          (pIter->abNotNull[iCol] ? " NOT NULL" : "")
      );
      zComma = ", ";
    }

    if( pIter->eType==RBU_PK_WITHOUT_ROWID ){
      char *zPk = rbuWithoutRowidPK(p, pIter);
      if( zPk ){
        zSql = rbuMPrintf(p, "%z, %z", zSql, zPk);
      }
    }

    sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_IMPOSTER, p->dbMain, "main", 1, tnum);
    rbuMPrintfExec(p, p->dbMain, "CREATE TABLE \"rbu_imp_%w\"(%z)%s", 
        pIter->zTbl, zSql, 
        (pIter->eType==RBU_PK_WITHOUT_ROWID ? " WITHOUT ROWID" : "")
    );
    sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_IMPOSTER, p->dbMain, "main", 0, 0);
  }
}

/*
** Prepare a statement used to insert rows into the "rbu_tmp_xxx" table.
** Specifically a statement of the form:
**
**     INSERT INTO rbu_tmp_xxx VALUES(?, ?, ? ...);
**
** The number of bound variables is equal to the number of columns in
** the target table, plus one (for the rbu_control column), plus one more 
** (for the rbu_rowid column) if the target table is an implicit IPK or 
** virtual table.
*/
static void rbuObjIterPrepareTmpInsert(
  sqlite3rbu *p, 
  RbuObjIter *pIter,
  const char *zCollist,
  const char *zRbuRowid
){
  int bRbuRowid = (pIter->eType==RBU_PK_EXTERNAL || pIter->eType==RBU_PK_NONE);
  char *zBind = rbuObjIterGetBindlist(p, pIter->nTblCol + 1 + bRbuRowid);
  if( zBind ){
    assert( pIter->pTmpInsert==0 );
    p->rc = prepareFreeAndCollectError(
        p->dbRbu, &pIter->pTmpInsert, &p->zErrmsg, sqlite3_mprintf(
          "INSERT INTO %s.'rbu_tmp_%q'(rbu_control,%s%s) VALUES(%z)", 
          p->zStateDb, pIter->zTbl, zCollist, zRbuRowid, zBind
    ));
  }
}

static void rbuTmpInsertFunc(
  sqlite3_context *pCtx, 
  int nVal,
  sqlite3_value **apVal
){
  sqlite3rbu *p = sqlite3_user_data(pCtx);
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  int i;

  for(i=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<nVal; i++){
    rc = sqlite3_bind_value(p->objiter.pTmpInsert, i+1, apVal[i]);
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
................................................................................
}

/*
** Ensure that the SQLite statement handles required to update the 
** target database object currently indicated by the iterator passed 
** as the second argument are available.
*/
static int rbuObjIterPrepareAll(
  sqlite3rbu *p, 
  RbuObjIter *pIter,
  int nOffset                     /* Add "LIMIT -1 OFFSET $nOffset" to SELECT */
){
  assert( pIter->bCleanup==0 );
  if( pIter->pSelect==0 && rbuObjIterCacheTableInfo(p, pIter)==SQLITE_OK ){
    const int tnum = pIter->iTnum;
    char *zCollist = 0;           /* List of indexed columns */
    char **pz = &p->zErrmsg;
    const char *zIdx = pIter->zIdx;
    char *zLimit = 0;

    if( nOffset ){
................................................................................
      const char *zTbl = pIter->zTbl;
      char *zImposterCols = 0;    /* Columns for imposter table */
      char *zImposterPK = 0;      /* Primary key declaration for imposter */
      char *zWhere = 0;           /* WHERE clause on PK columns */
      char *zBind = 0;
      int nBind = 0;

      assert( pIter->eType!=RBU_PK_VTAB );
      zCollist = rbuObjIterGetIndexCols(
          p, pIter, &zImposterCols, &zImposterPK, &zWhere, &nBind
      );
      zBind = rbuObjIterGetBindlist(p, nBind);

      /* Create the imposter table used to write to this index. */
      sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_IMPOSTER, p->dbMain, "main", 0, 1);
      sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_IMPOSTER, p->dbMain, "main", 1,tnum);
      rbuMPrintfExec(p, p->dbMain,
          "CREATE TABLE \"rbu_imp_%w\"( %s, PRIMARY KEY( %s ) ) WITHOUT ROWID",
          zTbl, zImposterCols, zImposterPK
      );
      sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_IMPOSTER, p->dbMain, "main", 0, 0);

      /* Create the statement to insert index entries */
      pIter->nCol = nBind;
      if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        p->rc = prepareFreeAndCollectError(
            p->dbMain, &pIter->pInsert, &p->zErrmsg,
          sqlite3_mprintf("INSERT INTO \"rbu_imp_%w\" VALUES(%s)", zTbl, zBind)
        );
      }

      /* And to delete index entries */
      if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        p->rc = prepareFreeAndCollectError(
            p->dbMain, &pIter->pDelete, &p->zErrmsg,
          sqlite3_mprintf("DELETE FROM \"rbu_imp_%w\" WHERE %s", zTbl, zWhere)
        );
      }

      /* Create the SELECT statement to read keys in sorted order */
      if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        char *zSql;
        if( pIter->eType==RBU_PK_EXTERNAL || pIter->eType==RBU_PK_NONE ){
          zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(
              "SELECT %s, rbu_control FROM %s.'rbu_tmp_%q' ORDER BY %s%s",
              zCollist, p->zStateDb, pIter->zTbl,
              zCollist, zLimit
          );
        }else{
          zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(
              "SELECT %s, rbu_control FROM 'data_%q' "
              "WHERE typeof(rbu_control)='integer' AND rbu_control!=1 "
              "UNION ALL "
              "SELECT %s, rbu_control FROM %s.'rbu_tmp_%q' "
              "ORDER BY %s%s",
              zCollist, pIter->zTbl, 
              zCollist, p->zStateDb, pIter->zTbl, 
              zCollist, zLimit
          );
        }
        p->rc = prepareFreeAndCollectError(p->dbRbu, &pIter->pSelect, pz, zSql);
      }

      sqlite3_free(zImposterCols);
      sqlite3_free(zImposterPK);
      sqlite3_free(zWhere);
      sqlite3_free(zBind);
    }else{
      int bRbuRowid = (pIter->eType==RBU_PK_VTAB || pIter->eType==RBU_PK_NONE);
      const char *zTbl = pIter->zTbl;       /* Table this step applies to */
      const char *zWrite;                   /* Imposter table name */

      char *zBindings = rbuObjIterGetBindlist(p, pIter->nTblCol + bRbuRowid);
      char *zWhere = rbuObjIterGetWhere(p, pIter);
      char *zOldlist = rbuObjIterGetOldlist(p, pIter, "old");
      char *zNewlist = rbuObjIterGetOldlist(p, pIter, "new");

      zCollist = rbuObjIterGetCollist(p, pIter);
      pIter->nCol = pIter->nTblCol;

      /* Create the SELECT statement to read keys from data_xxx */
      if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        p->rc = prepareFreeAndCollectError(p->dbRbu, &pIter->pSelect, pz,
            sqlite3_mprintf(
              "SELECT %s, rbu_control%s FROM 'data_%q'%s", 
              zCollist, (bRbuRowid ? ", rbu_rowid" : ""), zTbl, zLimit
            )
        );
      }

      /* Create the imposter table or tables (if required). */
      rbuCreateImposterTable(p, pIter);
      rbuCreateImposterTable2(p, pIter);
      zWrite = (pIter->eType==RBU_PK_VTAB ? "" : "rbu_imp_");

      /* Create the INSERT statement to write to the target PK b-tree */
      if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        p->rc = prepareFreeAndCollectError(p->dbMain, &pIter->pInsert, pz,
            sqlite3_mprintf(
              "INSERT INTO \"%s%w\"(%s%s) VALUES(%s)", 
              zWrite, zTbl, zCollist, (bRbuRowid ? ", _rowid_" : ""), zBindings
            )
        );
      }

      /* Create the DELETE statement to write to the target PK b-tree */
      if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        p->rc = prepareFreeAndCollectError(p->dbMain, &pIter->pDelete, pz,
................................................................................
            sqlite3_mprintf(
              "DELETE FROM \"%s%w\" WHERE %s", zWrite, zTbl, zWhere
            )
        );
      }

      if( pIter->abIndexed ){
        const char *zRbuRowid = "";
        if( pIter->eType==RBU_PK_EXTERNAL || pIter->eType==RBU_PK_NONE ){
          zRbuRowid = ", rbu_rowid";
        }

        /* Create the rbu_tmp_xxx table and the triggers to populate it. */
        rbuMPrintfExec(p, p->dbRbu,
            "CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS %s.'rbu_tmp_%q' AS "
            "SELECT *%s FROM 'data_%q' WHERE 0;"
            , p->zStateDb
            , zTbl, (pIter->eType==RBU_PK_EXTERNAL ? ", 0 AS rbu_rowid" : "")
            , zTbl
        );

        rbuMPrintfExec(p, p->dbMain,
            "CREATE TEMP TRIGGER rbu_delete_tr BEFORE DELETE ON \"%s%w\" "
            "BEGIN "
            "  SELECT rbu_tmp_insert(2, %s);"
            "END;"

            "CREATE TEMP TRIGGER rbu_update1_tr BEFORE UPDATE ON \"%s%w\" "
            "BEGIN "
            "  SELECT rbu_tmp_insert(2, %s);"
            "END;"

            "CREATE TEMP TRIGGER rbu_update2_tr AFTER UPDATE ON \"%s%w\" "
            "BEGIN "
            "  SELECT rbu_tmp_insert(3, %s);"
            "END;",
            zWrite, zTbl, zOldlist,
            zWrite, zTbl, zOldlist,
            zWrite, zTbl, zNewlist
        );

        if( pIter->eType==RBU_PK_EXTERNAL || pIter->eType==RBU_PK_NONE ){
          rbuMPrintfExec(p, p->dbMain,
              "CREATE TEMP TRIGGER rbu_insert_tr AFTER INSERT ON \"%s%w\" "
              "BEGIN "
              "  SELECT rbu_tmp_insert(0, %s);"
              "END;",
              zWrite, zTbl, zNewlist
          );
        }

        rbuObjIterPrepareTmpInsert(p, pIter, zCollist, zRbuRowid);
      }

      sqlite3_free(zWhere);
      sqlite3_free(zOldlist);
      sqlite3_free(zNewlist);
      sqlite3_free(zBindings);
    }
................................................................................
  return p->rc;
}

/*
** Set output variable *ppStmt to point to an UPDATE statement that may
** be used to update the imposter table for the main table b-tree of the
** table object that pIter currently points to, assuming that the 
** rbu_control column of the data_xyz table contains zMask.
** 
** If the zMask string does not specify any columns to update, then this
** is not an error. Output variable *ppStmt is set to NULL in this case.
*/
static int rbuGetUpdateStmt(
  sqlite3rbu *p,                  /* RBU handle */
  RbuObjIter *pIter,              /* Object iterator */
  const char *zMask,              /* rbu_control value ('x.x.') */
  sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt           /* OUT: UPDATE statement handle */
){
  RbuUpdateStmt **pp;
  RbuUpdateStmt *pUp = 0;
  int nUp = 0;

  /* In case an error occurs */
  *ppStmt = 0;

  /* Search for an existing statement. If one is found, shift it to the front
  ** of the LRU queue and return immediately. Otherwise, leave nUp pointing
  ** to the number of statements currently in the cache and pUp to the
  ** last object in the list.  */
  for(pp=&pIter->pRbuUpdate; *pp; pp=&((*pp)->pNext)){
    pUp = *pp;
    if( strcmp(pUp->zMask, zMask)==0 ){
      *pp = pUp->pNext;
      pUp->pNext = pIter->pRbuUpdate;
      pIter->pRbuUpdate = pUp;
      *ppStmt = pUp->pUpdate; 
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    nUp++;
  }
  assert( pUp==0 || pUp->pNext==0 );

  if( nUp>=SQLITE_RBU_UPDATE_CACHESIZE ){
    for(pp=&pIter->pRbuUpdate; *pp!=pUp; pp=&((*pp)->pNext));
    *pp = 0;
    sqlite3_finalize(pUp->pUpdate);
    pUp->pUpdate = 0;
  }else{
    pUp = (RbuUpdateStmt*)rbuMalloc(p, sizeof(RbuUpdateStmt)+pIter->nTblCol+1);
  }

  if( pUp ){
    char *zWhere = rbuObjIterGetWhere(p, pIter);
    char *zSet = rbuObjIterGetSetlist(p, pIter, zMask);
    char *zUpdate = 0;

    pUp->zMask = (char*)&pUp[1];
    memcpy(pUp->zMask, zMask, pIter->nTblCol);
    pUp->pNext = pIter->pRbuUpdate;
    pIter->pRbuUpdate = pUp;

    if( zSet ){
      const char *zPrefix = "";

      if( pIter->eType!=RBU_PK_VTAB ) zPrefix = "rbu_imp_";
      zUpdate = sqlite3_mprintf("UPDATE \"%s%w\" SET %s WHERE %s", 
          zPrefix, pIter->zTbl, zSet, zWhere
      );
      p->rc = prepareFreeAndCollectError(
          p->dbMain, &pUp->pUpdate, &p->zErrmsg, zUpdate
      );
      *ppStmt = pUp->pUpdate;
................................................................................
    sqlite3_free(zWhere);
    sqlite3_free(zSet);
  }

  return p->rc;
}

static sqlite3 *rbuOpenDbhandle(sqlite3rbu *p, const char *zName){
  sqlite3 *db = 0;
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    const int flags = SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE|SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE|SQLITE_OPEN_URI;
    p->rc = sqlite3_open_v2(zName, &db, flags, p->zVfsName);
    if( p->rc ){
      p->zErrmsg = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", sqlite3_errmsg(db));
      sqlite3_close(db);
................................................................................
      db = 0;
    }
  }
  return db;
}

/*
** Open the database handle and attach the RBU database as "rbu". If an
** error occurs, leave an error code and message in the RBU handle.
*/
static void rbuOpenDatabase(sqlite3rbu *p){
  assert( p->rc==SQLITE_OK );
  assert( p->dbMain==0 && p->dbRbu==0 );

  p->eStage = 0;
  p->dbMain = rbuOpenDbhandle(p, p->zTarget);
  p->dbRbu = rbuOpenDbhandle(p, p->zRbu);

  /* If using separate RBU and state databases, attach the state database to
  ** the RBU db handle now.  */
  if( p->zState ){
    rbuMPrintfExec(p, p->dbRbu, "ATTACH %Q AS stat", p->zState);
    memcpy(p->zStateDb, "stat", 4);
  }else{
    memcpy(p->zStateDb, "main", 4);
  }

  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    p->rc = sqlite3_create_function(p->dbMain, 
        "rbu_tmp_insert", -1, SQLITE_UTF8, (void*)p, rbuTmpInsertFunc, 0, 0
    );
  }

  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    p->rc = sqlite3_file_control(p->dbMain, "main", SQLITE_FCNTL_RBU, (void*)p);
  }
  rbuMPrintfExec(p, p->dbMain, "SELECT * FROM sqlite_master");

  /* Mark the database file just opened as an RBU target database. If 
  ** this call returns SQLITE_NOTFOUND, then the RBU vfs is not in use.
  ** This is an error.  */
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    p->rc = sqlite3_file_control(p->dbMain, "main", SQLITE_FCNTL_RBU, (void*)p);
  }

  if( p->rc==SQLITE_NOTFOUND ){
    p->rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
    p->zErrmsg = sqlite3_mprintf("rbu vfs not found");
  }
}

/*
** This routine is a copy of the sqlite3FileSuffix3() routine from the core.
** It is a no-op unless SQLITE_ENABLE_8_3_NAMES is defined.
**
................................................................................
** Examples:
**
**     test.db-journal    =>   test.nal
**     test.db-wal        =>   test.wal
**     test.db-shm        =>   test.shm
**     test.db-mj7f3319fa =>   test.9fa
*/
static void rbuFileSuffix3(const char *zBase, char *z){
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_8_3_NAMES
#if SQLITE_ENABLE_8_3_NAMES<2
  if( sqlite3_uri_boolean(zBase, "8_3_names", 0) )
#endif
  {
    int i, sz;
    sz = sqlite3Strlen30(z);
................................................................................
/*
** Return the current wal-index header checksum for the target database 
** as a 64-bit integer.
**
** The checksum is store in the first page of xShmMap memory as an 8-byte 
** blob starting at byte offset 40.
*/
static i64 rbuShmChecksum(sqlite3rbu *p){
  i64 iRet = 0;
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3_file *pDb = p->pTargetFd->pReal;
    u32 volatile *ptr;
    p->rc = pDb->pMethods->xShmMap(pDb, 0, 32*1024, 0, (void volatile**)&ptr);
    if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      iRet = ((i64)ptr[10] << 32) + ptr[11];
................................................................................
  return iRet;
}

/*
** This function is called as part of initializing or reinitializing an
** incremental checkpoint. 
**
** It populates the sqlite3rbu.aFrame[] array with the set of 
** (wal frame -> db page) copy operations required to checkpoint the 
** current wal file, and obtains the set of shm locks required to safely 
** perform the copy operations directly on the file-system.
**
** If argument pState is not NULL, then the incremental checkpoint is
** being resumed. In this case, if the checksum of the wal-index-header
** following recovery is not the same as the checksum saved in the RbuState
** object, then the rbu handle is set to DONE state. This occurs if some
** other client appends a transaction to the wal file in the middle of
** an incremental checkpoint.
*/
static void rbuSetupCheckpoint(sqlite3rbu *p, RbuState *pState){

  /* If pState is NULL, then the wal file may not have been opened and
  ** recovered. Running a read-statement here to ensure that doing so
  ** does not interfere with the "capture" process below.  */
  if( pState==0 ){
    p->eStage = 0;
    if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      p->rc = sqlite3_exec(p->dbMain, "SELECT * FROM sqlite_master", 0, 0, 0);
    }
  }

  /* Assuming no error has occurred, run a "restart" checkpoint with the
  ** sqlite3rbu.eStage variable set to CAPTURE. This turns on the following
  ** special behaviour in the rbu VFS:
  **
  **   * If the exclusive shm WRITER or READ0 lock cannot be obtained,
  **     the checkpoint fails with SQLITE_BUSY (normally SQLite would
  **     proceed with running a passive checkpoint instead of failing).
  **
  **   * Attempts to read from the *-wal file or write to the database file
  **     do not perform any IO. Instead, the frame/page combinations that
  **     would be read/written are recorded in the sqlite3rbu.aFrame[]
  **     array.
  **
  **   * Calls to xShmLock(UNLOCK) to release the exclusive shm WRITER, 
  **     READ0 and CHECKPOINT locks taken as part of the checkpoint are
  **     no-ops. These locks will not be released until the connection
  **     is closed.
  **
................................................................................
  ** array populated with a set of (frame -> page) mappings. Because the 
  ** WRITER, CHECKPOINT and READ0 locks are still held, it is safe to copy 
  ** data from the wal file into the database file according to the 
  ** contents of aFrame[].
  */
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    int rc2;
    p->eStage = RBU_STAGE_CAPTURE;
    rc2 = sqlite3_exec(p->dbMain, "PRAGMA main.wal_checkpoint=restart", 0, 0,0);
    if( rc2!=SQLITE_INTERNAL ) p->rc = rc2;
  }

  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    p->eStage = RBU_STAGE_CKPT;
    p->nStep = (pState ? pState->nRow : 0);
    p->aBuf = rbuMalloc(p, p->pgsz);
    p->iWalCksum = rbuShmChecksum(p);
  }

  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK && pState && pState->iWalCksum!=p->iWalCksum ){
    p->rc = SQLITE_DONE;
    p->eStage = RBU_STAGE_DONE;
  }
}

/*
** Called when iAmt bytes are read from offset iOff of the wal file while
** the rbu object is in capture mode. Record the frame number of the frame
** being read in the aFrame[] array.
*/
static int rbuCaptureWalRead(sqlite3rbu *pRbu, i64 iOff, int iAmt){
  const u32 mReq = (1<<WAL_LOCK_WRITE)|(1<<WAL_LOCK_CKPT)|(1<<WAL_LOCK_READ0);
  u32 iFrame;

  if( pRbu->mLock!=mReq ){
    pRbu->rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
    return SQLITE_INTERNAL;
  }

  pRbu->pgsz = iAmt;
  if( pRbu->nFrame==pRbu->nFrameAlloc ){
    int nNew = (pRbu->nFrameAlloc ? pRbu->nFrameAlloc : 64) * 2;
    RbuFrame *aNew;
    aNew = (RbuFrame*)sqlite3_realloc(pRbu->aFrame, nNew * sizeof(RbuFrame));
    if( aNew==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    pRbu->aFrame = aNew;
    pRbu->nFrameAlloc = nNew;
  }

  iFrame = (u32)((iOff-32) / (i64)(iAmt+24)) + 1;
  if( pRbu->iMaxFrame<iFrame ) pRbu->iMaxFrame = iFrame;
  pRbu->aFrame[pRbu->nFrame].iWalFrame = iFrame;
  pRbu->aFrame[pRbu->nFrame].iDbPage = 0;
  pRbu->nFrame++;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Called when a page of data is written to offset iOff of the database
** file while the rbu handle is in capture mode. Record the page number 
** of the page being written in the aFrame[] array.
*/
static int rbuCaptureDbWrite(sqlite3rbu *pRbu, i64 iOff){
  pRbu->aFrame[pRbu->nFrame-1].iDbPage = (u32)(iOff / pRbu->pgsz) + 1;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** This is called as part of an incremental checkpoint operation. Copy
** a single frame of data from the wal file into the database file, as
** indicated by the RbuFrame object.
*/
static void rbuCheckpointFrame(sqlite3rbu *p, RbuFrame *pFrame){
  sqlite3_file *pWal = p->pTargetFd->pWalFd->pReal;
  sqlite3_file *pDb = p->pTargetFd->pReal;
  i64 iOff;

  assert( p->rc==SQLITE_OK );
  iOff = (i64)(pFrame->iWalFrame-1) * (p->pgsz + 24) + 32 + 24;
  p->rc = pWal->pMethods->xRead(pWal, p->aBuf, p->pgsz, iOff);
................................................................................
  p->rc = pDb->pMethods->xWrite(pDb, p->aBuf, p->pgsz, iOff);
}


/*
** Take an EXCLUSIVE lock on the database file.
*/
static void rbuLockDatabase(sqlite3rbu *p){
  sqlite3_file *pReal = p->pTargetFd->pReal;
  assert( p->rc==SQLITE_OK );
  p->rc = pReal->pMethods->xLock(pReal, SQLITE_LOCK_SHARED);
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    p->rc = pReal->pMethods->xLock(pReal, SQLITE_LOCK_EXCLUSIVE);
  }
}

/*
** The RBU handle is currently in RBU_STAGE_OAL state, with a SHARED lock
** on the database file. This proc moves the *-oal file to the *-wal path,
** then reopens the database file (this time in vanilla, non-oal, WAL mode).
** If an error occurs, leave an error code and error message in the rbu 
** handle.
*/
static void rbuMoveOalFile(sqlite3rbu *p){
  const char *zBase = sqlite3_db_filename(p->dbMain, "main");

  char *zWal = sqlite3_mprintf("%s-wal", zBase);
  char *zOal = sqlite3_mprintf("%s-oal", zBase);

  assert( p->eStage==RBU_STAGE_MOVE );
  assert( p->rc==SQLITE_OK && p->zErrmsg==0 );
  if( zWal==0 || zOal==0 ){
    p->rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }else{
    /* Move the *-oal file to *-wal. At this point connection p->db is
    ** holding a SHARED lock on the target database file (because it is
    ** in WAL mode). So no other connection may be writing the db. 
    **
    ** In order to ensure that there are no database readers, an EXCLUSIVE
    ** lock is obtained here before the *-oal is moved to *-wal.
    */
    rbuLockDatabase(p);
    if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rbuFileSuffix3(zBase, zWal);
      rbuFileSuffix3(zBase, zOal);

      /* Re-open the databases. */
      rbuObjIterFinalize(&p->objiter);
      sqlite3_close(p->dbMain);
      sqlite3_close(p->dbRbu);
      p->rc = rename(zOal, zWal) ? SQLITE_IOERR : SQLITE_OK;
      if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        p->dbMain = 0;
        p->dbRbu = 0;
        rbuOpenDatabase(p);
        rbuSetupCheckpoint(p, 0);
      }
    }
  }

  sqlite3_free(zWal);
  sqlite3_free(zOal);
}
................................................................................

/*
** The SELECT statement iterating through the keys for the current object
** (p->objiter.pSelect) currently points to a valid row. This function
** determines the type of operation requested by this row and returns
** one of the following values to indicate the result:
**
**     * RBU_INSERT
**     * RBU_DELETE
**     * RBU_IDX_DELETE
**     * RBU_UPDATE
**
** If RBU_UPDATE is returned, then output variable *pzMask is set to
** point to the text value indicating the columns to update.
**
** If the rbu_control field contains an invalid value, an error code and
** message are left in the RBU handle and zero returned.
*/
static int rbuStepType(sqlite3rbu *p, const char **pzMask){
  int iCol = p->objiter.nCol;     /* Index of rbu_control column */
  int res = 0;                    /* Return value */

  switch( sqlite3_column_type(p->objiter.pSelect, iCol) ){
    case SQLITE_INTEGER: {
      int iVal = sqlite3_column_int(p->objiter.pSelect, iCol);
      if( iVal==0 ){
        res = RBU_INSERT;
      }else if( iVal==1 ){
        res = RBU_DELETE;
      }else if( iVal==2 ){
        res = RBU_IDX_DELETE;
      }else if( iVal==3 ){
        res = RBU_IDX_INSERT;
      }
      break;
    }

    case SQLITE_TEXT: {
      const unsigned char *z = sqlite3_column_text(p->objiter.pSelect, iCol);
      if( z==0 ){
        p->rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
      }else{
        *pzMask = (const char*)z;
      }
      res = RBU_UPDATE;

      break;
    }

    default:
      break;
  }

  if( res==0 ){
    rbuBadControlError(p);
  }
  return res;
}

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
/*
** Assert that column iCol of statement pStmt is named zName.
................................................................................
  assert( 0==sqlite3_stricmp(zName, zCol) );
}
#else
# define assertColumnName(x,y,z)
#endif

/*
** This function does the work for an sqlite3rbu_step() call.
**
** The object-iterator (p->objiter) currently points to a valid object,
** and the input cursor (p->objiter.pSelect) currently points to a valid
** input row. Perform whatever processing is required and return.
**
** If no  error occurs, SQLITE_OK is returned. Otherwise, an error code
** and message is left in the RBU handle and a copy of the error code
** returned.
*/
static int rbuStep(sqlite3rbu *p){
  RbuObjIter *pIter = &p->objiter;
  const char *zMask = 0;
  int i;
  int eType = rbuStepType(p, &zMask);

  if( eType ){
    assert( eType!=RBU_UPDATE || pIter->zIdx==0 );

    if( pIter->zIdx==0 && eType==RBU_IDX_DELETE ){
      rbuBadControlError(p);
    }
    else if( 
        eType==RBU_INSERT 
     || eType==RBU_DELETE
     || eType==RBU_IDX_DELETE 
     || eType==RBU_IDX_INSERT
    ){
      sqlite3_value *pVal;
      sqlite3_stmt *pWriter;

      assert( eType!=RBU_UPDATE );
      assert( eType!=RBU_DELETE || pIter->zIdx==0 );

      if( eType==RBU_IDX_DELETE || eType==RBU_DELETE ){
        pWriter = pIter->pDelete;
      }else{
        pWriter = pIter->pInsert;
      }

      for(i=0; i<pIter->nCol; i++){
        /* If this is an INSERT into a table b-tree and the table has an
        ** explicit INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, check that this is not an attempt
        ** to write a NULL into the IPK column. That is not permitted.  */
        if( eType==RBU_INSERT 
         && pIter->zIdx==0 && pIter->eType==RBU_PK_IPK && pIter->abTblPk[i] 
         && sqlite3_column_type(pIter->pSelect, i)==SQLITE_NULL
        ){
          p->rc = SQLITE_MISMATCH;
          p->zErrmsg = sqlite3_mprintf("datatype mismatch");
          goto step_out;
        }

        if( eType==RBU_DELETE && pIter->abTblPk[i]==0 ){
          continue;
        }

        pVal = sqlite3_column_value(pIter->pSelect, i);
        p->rc = sqlite3_bind_value(pWriter, i+1, pVal);
        if( p->rc ) goto step_out;
      }
      if( pIter->zIdx==0
       && (pIter->eType==RBU_PK_VTAB || pIter->eType==RBU_PK_NONE) 
      ){
        /* For a virtual table, or a table with no primary key, the 
        ** SELECT statement is:
        **
        **   SELECT <cols>, rbu_control, rbu_rowid FROM ....
        **
        ** Hence column_value(pIter->nCol+1).
        */
        assertColumnName(pIter->pSelect, pIter->nCol+1, "rbu_rowid");
        pVal = sqlite3_column_value(pIter->pSelect, pIter->nCol+1);
        p->rc = sqlite3_bind_value(pWriter, pIter->nCol+1, pVal);
      }
      if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        sqlite3_step(pWriter);
        p->rc = resetAndCollectError(pWriter, &p->zErrmsg);
      }
    }else{
      sqlite3_value *pVal;
      sqlite3_stmt *pUpdate = 0;
      assert( eType==RBU_UPDATE );
      rbuGetUpdateStmt(p, pIter, zMask, &pUpdate);
      if( pUpdate ){
        for(i=0; p->rc==SQLITE_OK && i<pIter->nCol; i++){
          char c = zMask[pIter->aiSrcOrder[i]];
          pVal = sqlite3_column_value(pIter->pSelect, i);
          if( pIter->abTblPk[i] || c=='x' || c=='d' ){
            p->rc = sqlite3_bind_value(pUpdate, i+1, pVal);
          }
        }
        if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK 
         && (pIter->eType==RBU_PK_VTAB || pIter->eType==RBU_PK_NONE) 
        ){
          /* Bind the rbu_rowid value to column _rowid_ */
          assertColumnName(pIter->pSelect, pIter->nCol+1, "rbu_rowid");
          pVal = sqlite3_column_value(pIter->pSelect, pIter->nCol+1);
          p->rc = sqlite3_bind_value(pUpdate, pIter->nCol+1, pVal);
        }
        if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          sqlite3_step(pUpdate);
          p->rc = resetAndCollectError(pUpdate, &p->zErrmsg);
        }
................................................................................
 step_out:
  return p->rc;
}

/*
** Increment the schema cookie of the main database opened by p->dbMain.
*/
static void rbuIncrSchemaCookie(sqlite3rbu *p){
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    int iCookie = 1000000;
    sqlite3_stmt *pStmt;

    p->rc = prepareAndCollectError(p->dbMain, &pStmt, &p->zErrmsg, 
        "PRAGMA schema_version"
    );
................................................................................
      ** is already a transaction open, so the prepared statement cannot
      ** throw an SQLITE_SCHEMA exception. The only database page the
      ** statement reads is page 1, which is guaranteed to be in the cache.
      ** And no memory allocations are required.  */
      if( SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pStmt) ){
        iCookie = sqlite3_column_int(pStmt, 0);
      }
      rbuFinalize(p, pStmt);
    }
    if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rbuMPrintfExec(p, p->dbMain, "PRAGMA schema_version = %d", iCookie+1);
    }
  }
}

/*
** Update the contents of the rbu_state table within the rbu database. The
** value stored in the RBU_STATE_STAGE column is eStage. All other values
** are determined by inspecting the rbu handle passed as the first argument.
*/
static void rbuSaveState(sqlite3rbu *p, int eStage){
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK || p->rc==SQLITE_DONE ){
    sqlite3_stmt *pInsert = 0;
    int rc;

    assert( p->zErrmsg==0 );
    rc = prepareFreeAndCollectError(p->dbRbu, &pInsert, &p->zErrmsg, 
        sqlite3_mprintf(
          "INSERT OR REPLACE INTO %s.rbu_state(k, v) VALUES "
          "(%d, %d), "
          "(%d, %Q), "
          "(%d, %Q), "
          "(%d, %d), "
          "(%d, %d), "
          "(%d, %lld), "
          "(%d, %lld), "
          "(%d, %lld) ",
          p->zStateDb,
          RBU_STATE_STAGE, eStage,
          RBU_STATE_TBL, p->objiter.zTbl, 
          RBU_STATE_IDX, p->objiter.zIdx, 
          RBU_STATE_ROW, p->nStep, 
          RBU_STATE_PROGRESS, p->nProgress,
          RBU_STATE_CKPT, p->iWalCksum,
          RBU_STATE_COOKIE, (i64)p->pTargetFd->iCookie,
          RBU_STATE_OALSZ, p->iOalSz
      )
    );
    assert( pInsert==0 || rc==SQLITE_OK );

    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      sqlite3_step(pInsert);
      rc = sqlite3_finalize(pInsert);
................................................................................
    }
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) p->rc = rc;
  }
}


/*
** Step the RBU object.
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3rbu_step(sqlite3rbu *p){
  if( p ){
    switch( p->eStage ){
      case RBU_STAGE_OAL: {
        RbuObjIter *pIter = &p->objiter;
        while( p->rc==SQLITE_OK && pIter->zTbl ){

          if( pIter->bCleanup ){
            /* Clean up the rbu_tmp_xxx table for the previous table. It 
            ** cannot be dropped as there are currently active SQL statements.
            ** But the contents can be deleted.  */
            if( pIter->abIndexed ){
              rbuMPrintfExec(p, p->dbRbu, 
                  "DELETE FROM %s.'rbu_tmp_%q'", p->zStateDb, pIter->zTbl
              );
            }
          }else{
            rbuObjIterPrepareAll(p, pIter, 0);

            /* Advance to the next row to process. */
            if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
              int rc = sqlite3_step(pIter->pSelect);
              if( rc==SQLITE_ROW ){
                p->nProgress++;
                p->nStep++;
                return rbuStep(p);
              }
              p->rc = sqlite3_reset(pIter->pSelect);
              p->nStep = 0;
            }
          }

          rbuObjIterNext(p, pIter);
        }

        if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          assert( pIter->zTbl==0 );
          rbuSaveState(p, RBU_STAGE_MOVE);
          rbuIncrSchemaCookie(p);
          if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
            p->rc = sqlite3_exec(p->dbMain, "COMMIT", 0, 0, &p->zErrmsg);
          }
          if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
            p->rc = sqlite3_exec(p->dbRbu, "COMMIT", 0, 0, &p->zErrmsg);
          }
          p->eStage = RBU_STAGE_MOVE;
        }
        break;
      }

      case RBU_STAGE_MOVE: {
        if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          rbuMoveOalFile(p);
          p->nProgress++;
        }
        break;
      }

      case RBU_STAGE_CKPT: {
        if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          if( p->nStep>=p->nFrame ){
            sqlite3_file *pDb = p->pTargetFd->pReal;
  
            /* Sync the db file */
            p->rc = pDb->pMethods->xSync(pDb, SQLITE_SYNC_NORMAL);
  
................................................................................
              p->rc = pDb->pMethods->xShmMap(pDb, 0, 32*1024, 0, &ptr);
              if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
                ((u32 volatile*)ptr)[24] = p->iMaxFrame;
              }
            }
  
            if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
              p->eStage = RBU_STAGE_DONE;
              p->rc = SQLITE_DONE;
            }
          }else{
            RbuFrame *pFrame = &p->aFrame[p->nStep];
            rbuCheckpointFrame(p, pFrame);
            p->nStep++;
          }
          p->nProgress++;
        }
        break;
      }

................................................................................
    return p->rc;
  }else{
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
}

/*
** Free an RbuState object allocated by rbuLoadState().
*/
static void rbuFreeState(RbuState *p){
  if( p ){
    sqlite3_free(p->zTbl);
    sqlite3_free(p->zIdx);
    sqlite3_free(p);
  }
}

/*
** Allocate an RbuState object and load the contents of the rbu_state 
** table into it. Return a pointer to the new object. It is the 
** responsibility of the caller to eventually free the object using
** sqlite3_free().
**
** If an error occurs, leave an error code and message in the rbu handle
** and return NULL.
*/
static RbuState *rbuLoadState(sqlite3rbu *p){
  RbuState *pRet = 0;
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt = 0;
  int rc;
  int rc2;

  pRet = (RbuState*)rbuMalloc(p, sizeof(RbuState));
  if( pRet==0 ) return 0;

  rc = prepareFreeAndCollectError(p->dbRbu, &pStmt, &p->zErrmsg, 
      sqlite3_mprintf("SELECT k, v FROM %s.rbu_state", p->zStateDb)
  );
  while( rc==SQLITE_OK && SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pStmt) ){
    switch( sqlite3_column_int(pStmt, 0) ){
      case RBU_STATE_STAGE:
        pRet->eStage = sqlite3_column_int(pStmt, 1);
        if( pRet->eStage!=RBU_STAGE_OAL
         && pRet->eStage!=RBU_STAGE_MOVE
         && pRet->eStage!=RBU_STAGE_CKPT
        ){
          p->rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT;
        }
        break;

      case RBU_STATE_TBL:
        pRet->zTbl = rbuStrndup((char*)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 1), &rc);
        break;

      case RBU_STATE_IDX:
        pRet->zIdx = rbuStrndup((char*)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 1), &rc);
        break;

      case RBU_STATE_ROW:
        pRet->nRow = sqlite3_column_int(pStmt, 1);
        break;

      case RBU_STATE_PROGRESS:
        pRet->nProgress = sqlite3_column_int64(pStmt, 1);
        break;

      case RBU_STATE_CKPT:
        pRet->iWalCksum = sqlite3_column_int64(pStmt, 1);
        break;

      case RBU_STATE_COOKIE:
        pRet->iCookie = (u32)sqlite3_column_int64(pStmt, 1);
        break;

      case RBU_STATE_OALSZ:
        pRet->iOalSz = (u32)sqlite3_column_int64(pStmt, 1);
        break;

      default:
        rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT;
        break;
    }
................................................................................
}

/*
** Compare strings z1 and z2, returning 0 if they are identical, or non-zero
** otherwise. Either or both argument may be NULL. Two NULL values are
** considered equal, and NULL is considered distinct from all other values.
*/
static int rbuStrCompare(const char *z1, const char *z2){
  if( z1==0 && z2==0 ) return 0;
  if( z1==0 || z2==0 ) return 1;
  return (sqlite3_stricmp(z1, z2)!=0);
}

/*
** This function is called as part of sqlite3rbu_open() when initializing
** an rbu handle in OAL stage. If the rbu update has not started (i.e.
** the rbu_state table was empty) it is a no-op. Otherwise, it arranges
** things so that the next call to sqlite3rbu_step() continues on from
** where the previous rbu handle left off.
**
** If an error occurs, an error code and error message are left in the
** rbu handle passed as the first argument.
*/
static void rbuSetupOal(sqlite3rbu *p, RbuState *pState){
  assert( p->rc==SQLITE_OK );
  if( pState->zTbl ){
    RbuObjIter *pIter = &p->objiter;
    int rc = SQLITE_OK;

    while( rc==SQLITE_OK && pIter->zTbl && (pIter->bCleanup 
       || rbuStrCompare(pIter->zIdx, pState->zIdx)
       || rbuStrCompare(pIter->zTbl, pState->zTbl) 
    )){
      rc = rbuObjIterNext(p, pIter);
    }

    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && !pIter->zTbl ){
      rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
      p->zErrmsg = sqlite3_mprintf("rbu_state mismatch error");
    }

    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      p->nStep = pState->nRow;
      rc = rbuObjIterPrepareAll(p, &p->objiter, p->nStep);
    }

    p->rc = rc;
  }
}

/*
** If there is a "*-oal" file in the file-system corresponding to the
** target database in the file-system, delete it. If an error occurs,
** leave an error code and error message in the rbu handle.
*/
static void rbuDeleteOalFile(sqlite3rbu *p){
  char *zOal = sqlite3_mprintf("%s-oal", p->zTarget);
  assert( p->rc==SQLITE_OK && p->zErrmsg==0 );
  unlink(zOal);
  sqlite3_free(zOal);
}

/*
** Allocate a private rbu VFS for the rbu handle passed as the only
** argument. This VFS will be used unless the call to sqlite3rbu_open()
** specified a URI with a vfs=? option in place of a target database
** file name.
*/
static void rbuCreateVfs(sqlite3rbu *p){
  int rnd;
  char zRnd[64];

  assert( p->rc==SQLITE_OK );
  sqlite3_randomness(sizeof(int), (void*)&rnd);
  sprintf(zRnd, "rbu_vfs_%d", rnd);
  p->rc = sqlite3rbu_create_vfs(zRnd, 0);
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3_vfs *pVfs = sqlite3_vfs_find(zRnd);
    assert( pVfs );
    p->zVfsName = pVfs->zName;
  }
}

/*
** Destroy the private VFS created for the rbu handle passed as the only
** argument by an earlier call to rbuCreateVfs().
*/
static void rbuDeleteVfs(sqlite3rbu *p){
  if( p->zVfsName ){
    sqlite3rbu_destroy_vfs(p->zVfsName);
    p->zVfsName = 0;
  }
}

/*
** Open and return a new RBU handle. 
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3rbu *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3rbu_open(
  const char *zTarget, 
  const char *zRbu,
  const char *zState
){
  sqlite3rbu *p;
  int nTarget = strlen(zTarget);
  int nRbu = strlen(zRbu);
  int nState = zState ? strlen(zState) : 0;

  p = (sqlite3rbu*)sqlite3_malloc(sizeof(sqlite3rbu)+nTarget+1+nRbu+1+nState+1);
  if( p ){
    RbuState *pState = 0;

    /* Create the custom VFS. */
    memset(p, 0, sizeof(sqlite3rbu));
    rbuCreateVfs(p);

    /* Open the target database */
    if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      p->zTarget = (char*)&p[1];
      memcpy(p->zTarget, zTarget, nTarget+1);
      p->zRbu = &p->zTarget[nTarget+1];
      memcpy(p->zRbu, zRbu, nRbu+1);
      if( zState ){
        p->zState = &p->zRbu[nRbu+1];
        memcpy(p->zState, zState, nState+1);
      }
      rbuOpenDatabase(p);
    }

    /* If it has not already been created, create the rbu_state table */
    rbuMPrintfExec(p, p->dbRbu, RBU_CREATE_STATE, p->zStateDb);

    if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      pState = rbuLoadState(p);
      assert( pState || p->rc!=SQLITE_OK );
      if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){

        if( pState->eStage==0 ){ 
          rbuDeleteOalFile(p);
          p->eStage = RBU_STAGE_OAL;
        }else{
          p->eStage = pState->eStage;
        }
        p->nProgress = pState->nProgress;
        p->iOalSz = pState->iOalSz;
      }
    }
    assert( p->rc!=SQLITE_OK || p->eStage!=0 );

    if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK && p->pTargetFd->pWalFd ){
      if( p->eStage==RBU_STAGE_OAL ){
        p->rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
        p->zErrmsg = sqlite3_mprintf("cannot update wal mode database");
      }else if( p->eStage==RBU_STAGE_MOVE ){
        p->eStage = RBU_STAGE_CKPT;
        p->nStep = 0;
      }
    }

    if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK
     && (p->eStage==RBU_STAGE_OAL || p->eStage==RBU_STAGE_MOVE)
     && pState->eStage!=0 && p->pTargetFd->iCookie!=pState->iCookie
    ){   
      /* At this point (pTargetFd->iCookie) contains the value of the
      ** change-counter cookie (the thing that gets incremented when a 
      ** transaction is committed in rollback mode) currently stored on 
      ** page 1 of the database file. */
      p->rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
      p->zErrmsg = sqlite3_mprintf("database modified during rbu update");
    }

    if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      if( p->eStage==RBU_STAGE_OAL ){

        /* Open transactions both databases. The *-oal file is opened or
        ** created at this point. */
        p->rc = sqlite3_exec(p->dbMain, "BEGIN IMMEDIATE", 0, 0, &p->zErrmsg);
        if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          p->rc = sqlite3_exec(p->dbRbu, "BEGIN IMMEDIATE", 0, 0, &p->zErrmsg);
        }
  
        /* Point the object iterator at the first object */
        if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          p->rc = rbuObjIterFirst(p, &p->objiter);
        }

        /* If the RBU database contains no data_xxx tables, declare the RBU
        ** update finished.  */
        if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK && p->objiter.zTbl==0 ){
          p->rc = SQLITE_DONE;
        }

        if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          rbuSetupOal(p, pState);
        }

      }else if( p->eStage==RBU_STAGE_MOVE ){
        /* no-op */
      }else if( p->eStage==RBU_STAGE_CKPT ){
        rbuSetupCheckpoint(p, pState);
      }else if( p->eStage==RBU_STAGE_DONE ){
        p->rc = SQLITE_DONE;
      }else{
        p->rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT;
      }
    }

    rbuFreeState(pState);
  }

  return p;
}


/*
** Return the database handle used by pRbu.
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3 *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3rbu_db(sqlite3rbu *pRbu, int bRbu){
  sqlite3 *db = 0;
  if( pRbu ){
    db = (bRbu ? pRbu->dbRbu : pRbu->dbMain);
  }
  return db;
}


/*
** If the error code currently stored in the RBU handle is SQLITE_CONSTRAINT,
** then edit any error message string so as to remove all occurrences of
** the pattern "rbu_imp_[0-9]*".
*/
static void rbuEditErrmsg(sqlite3rbu *p){
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_CONSTRAINT && p->zErrmsg ){
    int i;
    int nErrmsg = strlen(p->zErrmsg);
    for(i=0; i<(nErrmsg-8); i++){
      if( memcmp(&p->zErrmsg[i], "rbu_imp_", 8)==0 ){
        int nDel = 8;
        while( p->zErrmsg[i+nDel]>='0' && p->zErrmsg[i+nDel]<='9' ) nDel++;
        memmove(&p->zErrmsg[i], &p->zErrmsg[i+nDel], nErrmsg + 1 - i - nDel);
        nErrmsg -= nDel;
      }
    }
  }
}

/*
** Close the RBU handle.
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3rbu_close(sqlite3rbu *p, char **pzErrmsg){
  int rc;
  if( p ){

    /* Commit the transaction to the *-oal file. */
    if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK && p->eStage==RBU_STAGE_OAL ){
      p->rc = sqlite3_exec(p->dbMain, "COMMIT", 0, 0, &p->zErrmsg);
    }

    rbuSaveState(p, p->eStage);

    if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK && p->eStage==RBU_STAGE_OAL ){
      p->rc = sqlite3_exec(p->dbRbu, "COMMIT", 0, 0, &p->zErrmsg);
    }

    /* Close any open statement handles. */
    rbuObjIterFinalize(&p->objiter);

    /* Close the open database handle and VFS object. */
    sqlite3_close(p->dbMain);
    sqlite3_close(p->dbRbu);
    rbuDeleteVfs(p);
    sqlite3_free(p->aBuf);
    sqlite3_free(p->aFrame);

    rbuEditErrmsg(p);
    rc = p->rc;
    *pzErrmsg = p->zErrmsg;
    sqlite3_free(p);
  }else{
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    *pzErrmsg = 0;
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Return the total number of key-value operations (inserts, deletes or 
** updates) that have been performed on the target database since the
** current RBU update was started.
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3rbu_progress(sqlite3rbu *pRbu){
  return pRbu->nProgress;
}

/**************************************************************************
** Beginning of RBU VFS shim methods. The VFS shim modifies the behaviour
** of a standard VFS in the following ways:
**
** 1. Whenever the first page of a main database file is read or 
**    written, the value of the change-counter cookie is stored in
**    rbu_file.iCookie. Similarly, the value of the "write-version"
**    database header field is stored in rbu_file.iWriteVer. This ensures
**    that the values are always trustworthy within an open transaction.
**
** 2. Whenever an SQLITE_OPEN_WAL file is opened, the (rbu_file.pWalFd)
**    member variable of the associated database file descriptor is set
**    to point to the new file. A mutex protected linked list of all main 
**    db fds opened using a particular RBU VFS is maintained at 
**    rbu_vfs.pMain to facilitate this.
**
** 3. Using a new file-control "SQLITE_FCNTL_RBU", a main db rbu_file 
**    object can be marked as the target database of an RBU update. This
**    turns on the following extra special behaviour:
**
** 3a. If xAccess() is called to check if there exists a *-wal file 
**     associated with an RBU target database currently in RBU_STAGE_OAL
**     stage (preparing the *-oal file), the following special handling
**     applies:
**
**      * if the *-wal file does exist, return SQLITE_CANTOPEN. An RBU
**        target database may not be in wal mode already.
**
**      * if the *-wal file does not exist, set the output parameter to
**        non-zero (to tell SQLite that it does exist) anyway.
**
**     Then, when xOpen() is called to open the *-wal file associated with
**     the RBU target in RBU_STAGE_OAL stage, instead of opening the *-wal
**     file, the rbu vfs opens the corresponding *-oal file instead. 
**
** 3b. The *-shm pages returned by xShmMap() for a target db file in
**     RBU_STAGE_OAL mode are actually stored in heap memory. This is to
**     avoid creating a *-shm file on disk. Additionally, xShmLock() calls
**     are no-ops on target database files in RBU_STAGE_OAL mode. This is
**     because assert() statements in some VFS implementations fail if 
**     xShmLock() is called before xShmMap().
**
** 3c. If an EXCLUSIVE lock is attempted on a target database file in any
**     mode except RBU_STAGE_DONE (all work completed and checkpointed), it 
**     fails with an SQLITE_BUSY error. This is to stop RBU connections
**     from automatically checkpointing a *-wal (or *-oal) file from within
**     sqlite3_close().
**
** 3d. In RBU_STAGE_CAPTURE mode, all xRead() calls on the wal file, and
**     all xWrite() calls on the target database file perform no IO. 
**     Instead the frame and page numbers that would be read and written
**     are recorded. Additionally, successful attempts to obtain exclusive
**     xShmLock() WRITER, CHECKPOINTER and READ0 locks on the target 
**     database file are recorded. xShmLock() calls to unlock the same
**     locks are no-ops (so that once obtained, these locks are never
**     relinquished). Finally, calls to xSync() on the target database
**     file fail with SQLITE_INTERNAL errors.
*/

static void rbuUnlockShm(rbu_file *p){
  if( p->pRbu ){
    int (*xShmLock)(sqlite3_file*,int,int,int) = p->pReal->pMethods->xShmLock;
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<SQLITE_SHM_NLOCK;i++){
      if( (1<<i) & p->pRbu->mLock ){
        xShmLock(p->pReal, i, 1, SQLITE_SHM_UNLOCK|SQLITE_SHM_EXCLUSIVE);
      }
    }
    p->pRbu->mLock = 0;
  }
}

/*
** Close an rbu file.
*/
static int rbuVfsClose(sqlite3_file *pFile){
  rbu_file *p = (rbu_file*)pFile;
  int rc;
  int i;

  /* Free the contents of the apShm[] array. And the array itself. */
  for(i=0; i<p->nShm; i++){
    sqlite3_free(p->apShm[i]);
  }
  sqlite3_free(p->apShm);
  p->apShm = 0;
  sqlite3_free(p->zDel);

  if( p->openFlags & SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB ){
    rbu_file **pp;
    sqlite3_mutex_enter(p->pRbuVfs->mutex);
    for(pp=&p->pRbuVfs->pMain; *pp!=p; pp=&((*pp)->pMainNext));
    *pp = p->pMainNext;
    sqlite3_mutex_leave(p->pRbuVfs->mutex);
    rbuUnlockShm(p);
    p->pReal->pMethods->xShmUnmap(p->pReal, 0);
  }

  /* Close the underlying file handle */
  rc = p->pReal->pMethods->xClose(p->pReal);
  return rc;
}


/*
** Read and return an unsigned 32-bit big-endian integer from the buffer 
** passed as the only argument.
*/
static u32 rbuGetU32(u8 *aBuf){
  return ((u32)aBuf[0] << 24)
       + ((u32)aBuf[1] << 16)
       + ((u32)aBuf[2] <<  8)
       + ((u32)aBuf[3]);
}

/*
** Read data from an rbuVfs-file.
*/
static int rbuVfsRead(
  sqlite3_file *pFile, 
  void *zBuf, 
  int iAmt, 
  sqlite_int64 iOfst
){
  rbu_file *p = (rbu_file*)pFile;
  sqlite3rbu *pRbu = p->pRbu;
  int rc;

  if( pRbu && pRbu->eStage==RBU_STAGE_CAPTURE ){
    assert( p->openFlags & SQLITE_OPEN_WAL );
    rc = rbuCaptureWalRead(p->pRbu, iOfst, iAmt);
  }else{
    if( pRbu && pRbu->eStage==RBU_STAGE_OAL 
     && (p->openFlags & SQLITE_OPEN_WAL) 
     && iOfst>=pRbu->iOalSz 
    ){
      rc = SQLITE_OK;
      memset(zBuf, 0, iAmt);
    }else{
      rc = p->pReal->pMethods->xRead(p->pReal, zBuf, iAmt, iOfst);
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && iOfst==0 && (p->openFlags & SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB) ){
      /* These look like magic numbers. But they are stable, as they are part
       ** of the definition of the SQLite file format, which may not change. */
      u8 *pBuf = (u8*)zBuf;
      p->iCookie = rbuGetU32(&pBuf[24]);
      p->iWriteVer = pBuf[19];
    }
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Write data to an rbuVfs-file.
*/
static int rbuVfsWrite(
  sqlite3_file *pFile, 
  const void *zBuf, 
  int iAmt, 
  sqlite_int64 iOfst
){
  rbu_file *p = (rbu_file*)pFile;
  sqlite3rbu *pRbu = p->pRbu;
  int rc;

  if( pRbu && pRbu->eStage==RBU_STAGE_CAPTURE ){
    assert( p->openFlags & SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB );
    rc = rbuCaptureDbWrite(p->pRbu, iOfst);
  }else{
    if( pRbu && pRbu->eStage==RBU_STAGE_OAL 
     && (p->openFlags & SQLITE_OPEN_WAL) 
     && iOfst>=pRbu->iOalSz
    ){
      pRbu->iOalSz = iAmt + iOfst;
    }
    rc = p->pReal->pMethods->xWrite(p->pReal, zBuf, iAmt, iOfst);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && iOfst==0 && (p->openFlags & SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB) ){
      /* These look like magic numbers. But they are stable, as they are part
      ** of the definition of the SQLite file format, which may not change. */
      u8 *pBuf = (u8*)zBuf;
      p->iCookie = rbuGetU32(&pBuf[24]);
      p->iWriteVer = pBuf[19];
    }
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Truncate an rbuVfs-file.
*/
static int rbuVfsTruncate(sqlite3_file *pFile, sqlite_int64 size){
  rbu_file *p = (rbu_file*)pFile;
  return p->pReal->pMethods->xTruncate(p->pReal, size);
}

/*
** Sync an rbuVfs-file.
*/
static int rbuVfsSync(sqlite3_file *pFile, int flags){
  rbu_file *p = (rbu_file *)pFile;
  if( p->pRbu && p->pRbu->eStage==RBU_STAGE_CAPTURE ){
    if( p->openFlags & SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB ){
      return SQLITE_INTERNAL;
    }
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  return p->pReal->pMethods->xSync(p->pReal, flags);
}

/*
** Return the current file-size of an rbuVfs-file.
*/
static int rbuVfsFileSize(sqlite3_file *pFile, sqlite_int64 *pSize){
  rbu_file *p = (rbu_file *)pFile;
  return p->pReal->pMethods->xFileSize(p->pReal, pSize);
}

/*
** Lock an rbuVfs-file.
*/
static int rbuVfsLock(sqlite3_file *pFile, int eLock){
  rbu_file *p = (rbu_file*)pFile;
  sqlite3rbu *pRbu = p->pRbu;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  assert( p->openFlags & (SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB|SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_DB) );
  if( pRbu && eLock==SQLITE_LOCK_EXCLUSIVE && pRbu->eStage!=RBU_STAGE_DONE ){
    /* Do not allow EXCLUSIVE locks. Preventing SQLite from taking this 
    ** prevents it from checkpointing the database from sqlite3_close(). */
    rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
  }else{
    rc = p->pReal->pMethods->xLock(p->pReal, eLock);
  }

  return rc;
}

/*
** Unlock an rbuVfs-file.
*/
static int rbuVfsUnlock(sqlite3_file *pFile, int eLock){
  rbu_file *p = (rbu_file *)pFile;
  return p->pReal->pMethods->xUnlock(p->pReal, eLock);
}

/*
** Check if another file-handle holds a RESERVED lock on an rbuVfs-file.
*/
static int rbuVfsCheckReservedLock(sqlite3_file *pFile, int *pResOut){
  rbu_file *p = (rbu_file *)pFile;
  return p->pReal->pMethods->xCheckReservedLock(p->pReal, pResOut);
}

/*
** File control method. For custom operations on an rbuVfs-file.
*/
static int rbuVfsFileControl(sqlite3_file *pFile, int op, void *pArg){
  rbu_file *p = (rbu_file *)pFile;
  int (*xControl)(sqlite3_file*,int,void*) = p->pReal->pMethods->xFileControl;
  int rc;

  assert( p->openFlags & (SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB|SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_DB)
       || p->openFlags & (SQLITE_OPEN_TRANSIENT_DB|SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_JOURNAL)
  );
  if( op==SQLITE_FCNTL_RBU ){
    sqlite3rbu *pRbu = (sqlite3rbu*)pArg;

    /* First try to find another RBU vfs lower down in the vfs stack. If
    ** one is found, this vfs will operate in pass-through mode. The lower
    ** level vfs will do the special RBU handling.  */
    rc = xControl(p->pReal, op, pArg);

    if( rc==SQLITE_NOTFOUND ){
      /* Now search for a zipvfs instance lower down in the VFS stack. If
      ** one is found, this is an error.  */
      void *dummy = 0;
      rc = xControl(p->pReal, SQLITE_FCNTL_ZIPVFS, &dummy);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
        pRbu->zErrmsg = sqlite3_mprintf("rbu/zipvfs setup error");
      }else if( rc==SQLITE_NOTFOUND ){
        pRbu->pTargetFd = p;
        p->pRbu = pRbu;
        if( p->pWalFd ) p->pWalFd->pRbu = pRbu;
        rc = SQLITE_OK;
      }
    }
    return rc;
  }

  rc = xControl(p->pReal, op, pArg);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && op==SQLITE_FCNTL_VFSNAME ){
    rbu_vfs *pRbuVfs = p->pRbuVfs;
    char *zIn = *(char**)pArg;
    char *zOut = sqlite3_mprintf("rbu(%s)/%z", pRbuVfs->base.zName, zIn);
    *(char**)pArg = zOut;
    if( zOut==0 ) rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }

  return rc;
}

/*
** Return the sector-size in bytes for an rbuVfs-file.
*/
static int rbuVfsSectorSize(sqlite3_file *pFile){
  rbu_file *p = (rbu_file *)pFile;
  return p->pReal->pMethods->xSectorSize(p->pReal);
}

/*
** Return the device characteristic flags supported by an rbuVfs-file.
*/
static int rbuVfsDeviceCharacteristics(sqlite3_file *pFile){
  rbu_file *p = (rbu_file *)pFile;
  return p->pReal->pMethods->xDeviceCharacteristics(p->pReal);
}

/*
** Take or release a shared-memory lock.
*/
static int rbuVfsShmLock(sqlite3_file *pFile, int ofst, int n, int flags){
  rbu_file *p = (rbu_file*)pFile;
  sqlite3rbu *pRbu = p->pRbu;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

#ifdef SQLITE_AMALGAMATION
    assert( WAL_CKPT_LOCK==1 );
#endif

  assert( p->openFlags & (SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB|SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_DB) );
  if( pRbu && (pRbu->eStage==RBU_STAGE_OAL || pRbu->eStage==RBU_STAGE_MOVE) ){
    /* Magic number 1 is the WAL_CKPT_LOCK lock. Preventing SQLite from
    ** taking this lock also prevents any checkpoints from occurring. 
    ** todo: really, it's not clear why this might occur, as 
    ** wal_autocheckpoint ought to be turned off.  */
    if( ofst==WAL_LOCK_CKPT && n==1 ) rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
  }else{
    int bCapture = 0;
    if( n==1 && (flags & SQLITE_SHM_EXCLUSIVE)
     && pRbu && pRbu->eStage==RBU_STAGE_CAPTURE
     && (ofst==WAL_LOCK_WRITE || ofst==WAL_LOCK_CKPT || ofst==WAL_LOCK_READ0)
    ){
      bCapture = 1;
    }

    if( bCapture==0 || 0==(flags & SQLITE_SHM_UNLOCK) ){
      rc = p->pReal->pMethods->xShmLock(p->pReal, ofst, n, flags);
      if( bCapture && rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        pRbu->mLock |= (1 << ofst);
      }
    }
  }

  return rc;
}

/*
** Obtain a pointer to a mapping of a single 32KiB page of the *-shm file.
*/
static int rbuVfsShmMap(
  sqlite3_file *pFile, 
  int iRegion, 
  int szRegion, 
  int isWrite, 
  void volatile **pp
){
  rbu_file *p = (rbu_file*)pFile;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  int eStage = (p->pRbu ? p->pRbu->eStage : 0);

  /* If not in RBU_STAGE_OAL, allow this call to pass through. Or, if this
  ** rbu is in the RBU_STAGE_OAL state, use heap memory for *-shm space 
  ** instead of a file on disk.  */
  assert( p->openFlags & (SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB|SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_DB) );
  if( eStage==RBU_STAGE_OAL || eStage==RBU_STAGE_MOVE ){
    if( iRegion<=p->nShm ){
      int nByte = (iRegion+1) * sizeof(char*);
      char **apNew = (char**)sqlite3_realloc(p->apShm, nByte);
      if( apNew==0 ){
        rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
      }else{
        memset(&apNew[p->nShm], 0, sizeof(char*) * (1 + iRegion - p->nShm));
................................................................................

  return rc;
}

/*
** Memory barrier.
*/
static void rbuVfsShmBarrier(sqlite3_file *pFile){
  rbu_file *p = (rbu_file *)pFile;
  p->pReal->pMethods->xShmBarrier(p->pReal);
}

/*
** The xShmUnmap method.
*/
static int rbuVfsShmUnmap(sqlite3_file *pFile, int delFlag){
  rbu_file *p = (rbu_file*)pFile;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  int eStage = (p->pRbu ? p->pRbu->eStage : 0);

  assert( p->openFlags & (SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB|SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_DB) );
  if( eStage==RBU_STAGE_OAL || eStage==RBU_STAGE_MOVE ){
    /* no-op */
  }else{
    /* Release the checkpointer and writer locks */
    rbuUnlockShm(p);
    rc = p->pReal->pMethods->xShmUnmap(p->pReal, delFlag);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Given that zWal points to a buffer containing a wal file name passed to 
** either the xOpen() or xAccess() VFS method, return a pointer to the
** file-handle opened by the same database connection on the corresponding
** database file.
*/
static rbu_file *rbuFindMaindb(rbu_vfs *pRbuVfs, const char *zWal){
  rbu_file *pDb;
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(pRbuVfs->mutex);
  for(pDb=pRbuVfs->pMain; pDb && pDb->zWal!=zWal; pDb=pDb->pMainNext);
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(pRbuVfs->mutex);
  return pDb;
}

/*
** Open an rbu file handle.
*/
static int rbuVfsOpen(
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs,
  const char *zName,
  sqlite3_file *pFile,
  int flags,
  int *pOutFlags
){
  static sqlite3_io_methods rbuvfs_io_methods = {
    2,                            /* iVersion */
    rbuVfsClose,                  /* xClose */
    rbuVfsRead,                   /* xRead */
    rbuVfsWrite,                  /* xWrite */
    rbuVfsTruncate,               /* xTruncate */
    rbuVfsSync,                   /* xSync */
    rbuVfsFileSize,               /* xFileSize */
    rbuVfsLock,                   /* xLock */
    rbuVfsUnlock,                 /* xUnlock */
    rbuVfsCheckReservedLock,      /* xCheckReservedLock */
    rbuVfsFileControl,            /* xFileControl */
    rbuVfsSectorSize,             /* xSectorSize */
    rbuVfsDeviceCharacteristics,  /* xDeviceCharacteristics */
    rbuVfsShmMap,                 /* xShmMap */
    rbuVfsShmLock,                /* xShmLock */
    rbuVfsShmBarrier,             /* xShmBarrier */
    rbuVfsShmUnmap                /* xShmUnmap */
  };
  rbu_vfs *pRbuVfs = (rbu_vfs*)pVfs;
  sqlite3_vfs *pRealVfs = pRbuVfs->pRealVfs;
  rbu_file *pFd = (rbu_file *)pFile;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  const char *zOpen = zName;

  memset(pFd, 0, sizeof(rbu_file));
  pFd->pReal = (sqlite3_file*)&pFd[1];
  pFd->pRbuVfs = pRbuVfs;
  pFd->openFlags = flags;
  if( zName ){
    if( flags & SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB ){
      /* A main database has just been opened. The following block sets
      ** (pFd->zWal) to point to a buffer owned by SQLite that contains
      ** the name of the *-wal file this db connection will use. SQLite
      ** happens to pass a pointer to this buffer when using xAccess()
................................................................................
      }else{
        while( *z==0 ) z++;
      }
      z += (n + 8 + 1);
      pFd->zWal = z;
    }
    else if( flags & SQLITE_OPEN_WAL ){
      rbu_file *pDb = rbuFindMaindb(pRbuVfs, zName);
      if( pDb ){
        if( pDb->pRbu && pDb->pRbu->eStage==RBU_STAGE_OAL ){
          /* This call is to open a *-wal file. Intead, open the *-oal. This
          ** code ensures that the string passed to xOpen() is terminated by a
          ** pair of '\0' bytes in case the VFS attempts to extract a URI 
          ** parameter from it.  */
          int nCopy = strlen(zName);
          char *zCopy = sqlite3_malloc(nCopy+2);
          if( zCopy ){
................................................................................
            zCopy[nCopy-3] = 'o';
            zCopy[nCopy] = '\0';
            zCopy[nCopy+1] = '\0';
            zOpen = (const char*)(pFd->zDel = zCopy);
          }else{
            rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
          }
          pFd->pRbu = pDb->pRbu;
        }
        pDb->pWalFd = pFd;
      }
    }
  }

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = pRealVfs->xOpen(pRealVfs, zOpen, pFd->pReal, flags, pOutFlags);
  }
  if( pFd->pReal->pMethods ){
    /* The xOpen() operation has succeeded. Set the sqlite3_file.pMethods
    ** pointer and, if the file is a main database file, link it into the
    ** mutex protected linked list of all such files.  */
    pFile->pMethods = &rbuvfs_io_methods;
    if( flags & SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB ){
      sqlite3_mutex_enter(pRbuVfs->mutex);
      pFd->pMainNext = pRbuVfs->pMain;
      pRbuVfs->pMain = pFd;
      sqlite3_mutex_leave(pRbuVfs->mutex);
    }
  }else{
    sqlite3_free(pFd->zDel);
  }

  return rc;
}

/*
** Delete the file located at zPath.
*/
static int rbuVfsDelete(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, const char *zPath, int dirSync){
  sqlite3_vfs *pRealVfs = ((rbu_vfs*)pVfs)->pRealVfs;
  return pRealVfs->xDelete(pRealVfs, zPath, dirSync);
}

/*
** Test for access permissions. Return true if the requested permission
** is available, or false otherwise.
*/
static int rbuVfsAccess(
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, 
  const char *zPath, 
  int flags, 
  int *pResOut
){
  rbu_vfs *pRbuVfs = (rbu_vfs*)pVfs;
  sqlite3_vfs *pRealVfs = pRbuVfs->pRealVfs;
  int rc;

  rc = pRealVfs->xAccess(pRealVfs, zPath, flags, pResOut);

  /* If this call is to check if a *-wal file associated with an RBU target
  ** database connection exists, and the RBU update is in RBU_STAGE_OAL,
  ** the following special handling is activated:
  **
  **   a) if the *-wal file does exist, return SQLITE_CANTOPEN. This
  **      ensures that the RBU extension never tries to update a database
  **      in wal mode, even if the first page of the database file has
  **      been damaged. 
  **
  **   b) if the *-wal file does not exist, claim that it does anyway,
  **      causing SQLite to call xOpen() to open it. This call will also
  **      be intercepted (see the rbuVfsOpen() function) and the *-oal
  **      file opened instead.
  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && flags==SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS ){
    rbu_file *pDb = rbuFindMaindb(pRbuVfs, zPath);
    if( pDb && pDb->pRbu && pDb->pRbu->eStage==RBU_STAGE_OAL ){
      if( *pResOut ){
        rc = SQLITE_CANTOPEN;
      }else{
        *pResOut = 1;
      }
    }
  }
................................................................................
}

/*
** Populate buffer zOut with the full canonical pathname corresponding
** to the pathname in zPath. zOut is guaranteed to point to a buffer
** of at least (DEVSYM_MAX_PATHNAME+1) bytes.
*/
static int rbuVfsFullPathname(
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, 
  const char *zPath, 
  int nOut, 
  char *zOut
){
  sqlite3_vfs *pRealVfs = ((rbu_vfs*)pVfs)->pRealVfs;
  return pRealVfs->xFullPathname(pRealVfs, zPath, nOut, zOut);
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION
/*
** Open the dynamic library located at zPath and return a handle.
*/
static void *rbuVfsDlOpen(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, const char *zPath){
  sqlite3_vfs *pRealVfs = ((rbu_vfs*)pVfs)->pRealVfs;
  return pRealVfs->xDlOpen(pRealVfs, zPath);
}

/*
** Populate the buffer zErrMsg (size nByte bytes) with a human readable
** utf-8 string describing the most recent error encountered associated 
** with dynamic libraries.
*/
static void rbuVfsDlError(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, int nByte, char *zErrMsg){
  sqlite3_vfs *pRealVfs = ((rbu_vfs*)pVfs)->pRealVfs;
  pRealVfs->xDlError(pRealVfs, nByte, zErrMsg);
}

/*
** Return a pointer to the symbol zSymbol in the dynamic library pHandle.
*/
static void (*rbuVfsDlSym(
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, 
  void *pArg, 
  const char *zSym
))(void){
  sqlite3_vfs *pRealVfs = ((rbu_vfs*)pVfs)->pRealVfs;
  return pRealVfs->xDlSym(pRealVfs, pArg, zSym);
}

/*
** Close the dynamic library handle pHandle.
*/
static void rbuVfsDlClose(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, void *pHandle){
  sqlite3_vfs *pRealVfs = ((rbu_vfs*)pVfs)->pRealVfs;
  return pRealVfs->xDlClose(pRealVfs, pHandle);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION */

/*
** Populate the buffer pointed to by zBufOut with nByte bytes of 
** random data.
*/
static int rbuVfsRandomness(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, int nByte, char *zBufOut){
  sqlite3_vfs *pRealVfs = ((rbu_vfs*)pVfs)->pRealVfs;
  return pRealVfs->xRandomness(pRealVfs, nByte, zBufOut);
}

/*
** Sleep for nMicro microseconds. Return the number of microseconds 
** actually slept.
*/
static int rbuVfsSleep(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, int nMicro){
  sqlite3_vfs *pRealVfs = ((rbu_vfs*)pVfs)->pRealVfs;
  return pRealVfs->xSleep(pRealVfs, nMicro);
}

/*
** Return the current time as a Julian Day number in *pTimeOut.
*/
static int rbuVfsCurrentTime(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, double *pTimeOut){
  sqlite3_vfs *pRealVfs = ((rbu_vfs*)pVfs)->pRealVfs;
  return pRealVfs->xCurrentTime(pRealVfs, pTimeOut);
}

/*
** No-op.
*/
static int rbuVfsGetLastError(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, int a, char *b){
  return 0;
}

/*
** Deregister and destroy an RBU vfs created by an earlier call to
** sqlite3rbu_create_vfs().
*/
SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3rbu_destroy_vfs(const char *zName){
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs = sqlite3_vfs_find(zName);
  if( pVfs && pVfs->xOpen==rbuVfsOpen ){
    sqlite3_mutex_free(((rbu_vfs*)pVfs)->mutex);
    sqlite3_vfs_unregister(pVfs);
    sqlite3_free(pVfs);
  }
}

/*
** Create an RBU VFS named zName that accesses the underlying file-system
** via existing VFS zParent. The new object is registered as a non-default
** VFS with SQLite before returning.
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3rbu_create_vfs(const char *zName, const char *zParent){

  /* Template for VFS */
  static sqlite3_vfs vfs_template = {
    1,                            /* iVersion */
    0,                            /* szOsFile */
    0,                            /* mxPathname */
    0,                            /* pNext */
    0,                            /* zName */
    0,                            /* pAppData */
    rbuVfsOpen,                   /* xOpen */
    rbuVfsDelete,                 /* xDelete */
    rbuVfsAccess,                 /* xAccess */
    rbuVfsFullPathname,           /* xFullPathname */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION
    rbuVfsDlOpen,                 /* xDlOpen */
    rbuVfsDlError,                /* xDlError */
    rbuVfsDlSym,                  /* xDlSym */
    rbuVfsDlClose,                /* xDlClose */
#else
    0, 0, 0, 0,
#endif

    rbuVfsRandomness,             /* xRandomness */
    rbuVfsSleep,                  /* xSleep */
    rbuVfsCurrentTime,            /* xCurrentTime */
    rbuVfsGetLastError,           /* xGetLastError */
    0,                            /* xCurrentTimeInt64 (version 2) */
    0, 0, 0                       /* Unimplemented version 3 methods */
  };

  rbu_vfs *pNew = 0;              /* Newly allocated VFS */
  int nName;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  int nByte;
  nName = strlen(zName);
  nByte = sizeof(rbu_vfs) + nName + 1;
  pNew = (rbu_vfs*)sqlite3_malloc(nByte);
  if( pNew==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }else{
    sqlite3_vfs *pParent;           /* Parent VFS */
    memset(pNew, 0, nByte);
    pParent = sqlite3_vfs_find(zParent);
    if( pParent==0 ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOTFOUND;
    }else{
      char *zSpace;
      memcpy(&pNew->base, &vfs_template, sizeof(sqlite3_vfs));
      pNew->base.mxPathname = pParent->mxPathname;
      pNew->base.szOsFile = sizeof(rbu_file) + pParent->szOsFile;
      pNew->pRealVfs = pParent;
      pNew->base.zName = (const char*)(zSpace = (char*)&pNew[1]);
      memcpy(zSpace, zName, nName);

      /* Allocate the mutex and register the new VFS (not as the default) */
      pNew->mutex = sqlite3_mutex_alloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE);
      if( pNew->mutex==0 ){
................................................................................

  return rc;
}


/**************************************************************************/

#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_CORE) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_RBU) */

/************** End of sqlite3rbu.c ******************************************/
/************** Begin file dbstat.c ******************************************/
/*
** 2010 July 12
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**

Changes to SQLite.Interop/src/core/sqlite3.h.

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**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.8.11"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3008011
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2015-07-21 19:22:35 01c8b9ccfa0f336dfead7c004de3de571753f707"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
** circumstances in order to fix a problem with priority inversion.
** Applications should <em>not</em> use this file-control.
**
** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_ZIPVFS]]
** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_ZIPVFS] opcode is implemented by zipvfs only. All other
** VFS should return SQLITE_NOTFOUND for this opcode.
**
** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_OTA]]
** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_OTA] opcode is implemented by the special VFS used by
** the OTA extension only.  All other VFS should return SQLITE_NOTFOUND for
** this opcode.  
** </ul>
*/
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE               1
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE       2
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE       3
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_LAST_ERRNO              4
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_TRACE                  19
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_HAS_MOVED              20
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_SYNC                   21
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_COMMIT_PHASETWO        22
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_SET_HANDLE       23
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_WAL_BLOCK              24
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_ZIPVFS                 25
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_OTA                    26

/* deprecated names */
#define SQLITE_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE      SQLITE_FCNTL_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE
#define SQLITE_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE      SQLITE_FCNTL_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE
#define SQLITE_LAST_ERRNO             SQLITE_FCNTL_LAST_ERRNO









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**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.8.11"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3008011
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2015-07-24 00:02:15 119883a21bdcab66c15d1e80f3da20addda328ad"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
** circumstances in order to fix a problem with priority inversion.
** Applications should <em>not</em> use this file-control.
**
** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_ZIPVFS]]
** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_ZIPVFS] opcode is implemented by zipvfs only. All other
** VFS should return SQLITE_NOTFOUND for this opcode.
**
** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_RBU]]
** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_RBU] opcode is implemented by the special VFS used by
** the RBU extension only.  All other VFS should return SQLITE_NOTFOUND for
** this opcode.  
** </ul>
*/
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE               1
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE       2
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE       3
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_LAST_ERRNO              4
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_TRACE                  19
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_HAS_MOVED              20
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_SYNC                   21
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_COMMIT_PHASETWO        22
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_SET_HANDLE       23
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_WAL_BLOCK              24
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_ZIPVFS                 25
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_RBU                    26

/* deprecated names */
#define SQLITE_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE      SQLITE_FCNTL_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE
#define SQLITE_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE      SQLITE_FCNTL_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE
#define SQLITE_LAST_ERRNO             SQLITE_FCNTL_LAST_ERRNO