System.Data.SQLite
Check-in [cf6d124b7d]
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Overview
Comment:Update SQLite core library to the latest trunk.
Downloads: Tarball | ZIP archive | SQL archive
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | trunk
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA1: cf6d124b7d67751d6152357fd6e0b58853b28764
User & Date: mistachkin 2013-02-16 00:09:02
Context
2013-02-18
21:31
Merge custom connection pool support to trunk. Pursuant to [393d954be0]. check-in: 90142c95cc user: mistachkin tags: trunk
2013-02-16
00:09
Update SQLite core library to the latest trunk. check-in: cf6d124b7d user: mistachkin tags: trunk
2013-02-15
21:43
Merge support for the INTEROP_LEGACY_CLOSE compile-time option to trunk. check-in: ec6819f0bf user: mistachkin tags: trunk
Changes
Hide Diffs Unified Diffs Ignore Whitespace Patch

Changes to SQLite.Interop/props/sqlite3.props.

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 *
 * Written by Joe Mistachkin.
 * Released to the public domain, use at your own risk!
 *
-->
<Project DefaultTargets="Build" xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/developer/msbuild/2003" ToolsVersion="4.0">
  <PropertyGroup Label="UserMacros">
    <SQLITE_MANIFEST_VERSION>3.7.15.2</SQLITE_MANIFEST_VERSION>
    <SQLITE_RC_VERSION>3,7,15,2</SQLITE_RC_VERSION>
    <SQLITE_COMMON_DEFINES>_CRT_SECURE_NO_DEPRECATE;_CRT_SECURE_NO_WARNINGS;_CRT_NONSTDC_NO_DEPRECATE;_CRT_NONSTDC_NO_WARNINGS;SQLITE_THREADSAFE=1;SQLITE_USE_URI=1;SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA=1;SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3=1;SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3=1;SQLITE_ENABLE_LOAD_EXTENSION=1;SQLITE_ENABLE_RTREE=1;SQLITE_SOUNDEX=1</SQLITE_COMMON_DEFINES>
    <SQLITE_EXTRA_DEFINES>SQLITE_HAS_CODEC=1</SQLITE_EXTRA_DEFINES>
    <SQLITE_WINCE_DEFINES>SQLITE_OMIT_WAL=1</SQLITE_WINCE_DEFINES>
    <SQLITE_DEBUG_DEFINES>SQLITE_DEBUG=1;SQLITE_MEMDEBUG=1;SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPENSIVE_ASSERT=1</SQLITE_DEBUG_DEFINES>
    <SQLITE_RELEASE_DEFINES>SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC=1</SQLITE_RELEASE_DEFINES>
    <SQLITE_DISABLE_WARNINGS>4055;4100;4127;4146;4210;4232;4244;4245;4267;4306;4389;4701;4703;4706</SQLITE_DISABLE_WARNINGS>
    <SQLITE_DISABLE_X64_WARNINGS></SQLITE_DISABLE_X64_WARNINGS>







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|







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 * Written by Joe Mistachkin.
 * Released to the public domain, use at your own risk!
 *
-->
<Project DefaultTargets="Build" xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/developer/msbuild/2003" ToolsVersion="4.0">
  <PropertyGroup Label="UserMacros">
    <SQLITE_MANIFEST_VERSION>3.7.16</SQLITE_MANIFEST_VERSION>
    <SQLITE_RC_VERSION>3,7,16</SQLITE_RC_VERSION>
    <SQLITE_COMMON_DEFINES>_CRT_SECURE_NO_DEPRECATE;_CRT_SECURE_NO_WARNINGS;_CRT_NONSTDC_NO_DEPRECATE;_CRT_NONSTDC_NO_WARNINGS;SQLITE_THREADSAFE=1;SQLITE_USE_URI=1;SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA=1;SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3=1;SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3=1;SQLITE_ENABLE_LOAD_EXTENSION=1;SQLITE_ENABLE_RTREE=1;SQLITE_SOUNDEX=1</SQLITE_COMMON_DEFINES>
    <SQLITE_EXTRA_DEFINES>SQLITE_HAS_CODEC=1</SQLITE_EXTRA_DEFINES>
    <SQLITE_WINCE_DEFINES>SQLITE_OMIT_WAL=1</SQLITE_WINCE_DEFINES>
    <SQLITE_DEBUG_DEFINES>SQLITE_DEBUG=1;SQLITE_MEMDEBUG=1;SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPENSIVE_ASSERT=1</SQLITE_DEBUG_DEFINES>
    <SQLITE_RELEASE_DEFINES>SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC=1</SQLITE_RELEASE_DEFINES>
    <SQLITE_DISABLE_WARNINGS>4055;4100;4127;4146;4210;4232;4244;4245;4267;4306;4389;4701;4703;4706</SQLITE_DISABLE_WARNINGS>
    <SQLITE_DISABLE_X64_WARNINGS></SQLITE_DISABLE_X64_WARNINGS>

Changes to SQLite.Interop/props/sqlite3.vsprops.

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<VisualStudioPropertySheet
	ProjectType="Visual C++"
	Version="8.00"
	Name="sqlite3"
	>
	<UserMacro
		Name="SQLITE_MANIFEST_VERSION"
		Value="3.7.15.2"
		PerformEnvironmentSet="true"
	/>
	<UserMacro
		Name="SQLITE_RC_VERSION"
		Value="3,7,15,2"
		PerformEnvironmentSet="true"
	/>
	<UserMacro
		Name="SQLITE_COMMON_DEFINES"
		Value="_CRT_SECURE_NO_DEPRECATE;_CRT_SECURE_NO_WARNINGS;_CRT_NONSTDC_NO_DEPRECATE;_CRT_NONSTDC_NO_WARNINGS;SQLITE_THREADSAFE=1;SQLITE_USE_URI=1;SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA=1;SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3=1;SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3=1;SQLITE_ENABLE_LOAD_EXTENSION=1;SQLITE_ENABLE_RTREE=1;SQLITE_SOUNDEX=1"
		PerformEnvironmentSet="true"
	/>







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<VisualStudioPropertySheet
	ProjectType="Visual C++"
	Version="8.00"
	Name="sqlite3"
	>
	<UserMacro
		Name="SQLITE_MANIFEST_VERSION"
		Value="3.7.16"
		PerformEnvironmentSet="true"
	/>
	<UserMacro
		Name="SQLITE_RC_VERSION"
		Value="3,7,16"
		PerformEnvironmentSet="true"
	/>
	<UserMacro
		Name="SQLITE_COMMON_DEFINES"
		Value="_CRT_SECURE_NO_DEPRECATE;_CRT_SECURE_NO_WARNINGS;_CRT_NONSTDC_NO_DEPRECATE;_CRT_NONSTDC_NO_WARNINGS;SQLITE_THREADSAFE=1;SQLITE_USE_URI=1;SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA=1;SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3=1;SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3=1;SQLITE_ENABLE_LOAD_EXTENSION=1;SQLITE_ENABLE_RTREE=1;SQLITE_SOUNDEX=1"
		PerformEnvironmentSet="true"
	/>

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.....
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......
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......
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......
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......
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......
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......
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......
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......
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......
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......
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......
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......
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......
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......
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......
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......
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......
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......
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......
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......
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......
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136360
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......
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/******************************************************************************
** This file is an amalgamation of many separate C source files from SQLite
** version 3.7.15.2.  By combining all the individual C code files into this 
** single large file, the entire code can be compiled as a single translation
** unit.  This allows many compilers to do optimizations that would not be
** possible if the files were compiled separately.  Performance improvements
** of 5% or more are commonly seen when SQLite is compiled as a single
** translation unit.
**
** This file is all you need to compile SQLite.  To use SQLite in other
................................................................................
** string contains the date and time of the check-in (UTC) and an SHA1
** hash of the entire source tree.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.7.15.2"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3007015
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2013-01-09 11:53:05 c0e09560d26f0a6456be9dd3447f5311eb4f238f"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_NOTEMPDIR      (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_ISDIR          (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_FULLPATH       (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (3<<8))
#define SQLITE_CORRUPT_VTAB            (SQLITE_CORRUPT | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_READONLY_RECOVERY       (SQLITE_READONLY | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_READONLY_CANTLOCK       (SQLITE_READONLY | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_ABORT_ROLLBACK          (SQLITE_ABORT | (2<<8))










/*
** CAPI3REF: Flags For File Open Operations
**
** These bit values are intended for use in the
** 3rd parameter to the [sqlite3_open_v2()] interface and
** in the 4th parameter to the [sqlite3_vfs.xOpen] method.
................................................................................

/*
** A convenience macro that returns the number of elements in
** an array.
*/
#define ArraySize(X)    ((int)(sizeof(X)/sizeof(X[0])))






/*
** The following value as a destructor means to use sqlite3DbFree().
** The sqlite3DbFree() routine requires two parameters instead of the 
** one parameter that destructors normally want.  So we have to introduce 
** this magic value that the code knows to handle differently.  Any 
** pointer will work here as long as it is distinct from SQLITE_STATIC
** and SQLITE_TRANSIENT.
................................................................................
                                          /*   DELETE, or UPDATE and return */
                                          /*   the count using a callback. */
#define SQLITE_NullCallback   0x00000020  /* Invoke the callback once if the */
                                          /*   result set is empty */
#define SQLITE_SqlTrace       0x00000040  /* Debug print SQL as it executes */
#define SQLITE_VdbeListing    0x00000080  /* Debug listings of VDBE programs */
#define SQLITE_WriteSchema    0x00000100  /* OK to update SQLITE_MASTER */
                         /*   0x00000200  Unused */
#define SQLITE_IgnoreChecks   0x00000400  /* Do not enforce check constraints */
#define SQLITE_ReadUncommitted 0x0000800  /* For shared-cache mode */
#define SQLITE_LegacyFileFmt  0x00001000  /* Create new databases in format 1 */
#define SQLITE_FullFSync      0x00002000  /* Use full fsync on the backend */
#define SQLITE_CkptFullFSync  0x00004000  /* Use full fsync for checkpoint */
#define SQLITE_RecoveryMode   0x00008000  /* Ignore schema errors */
#define SQLITE_ReverseOrder   0x00010000  /* Reverse unordered SELECTs */
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_GroupByOrder   0x0004   /* GROUPBY cover of ORDERBY */
#define SQLITE_FactorOutConst 0x0008   /* Constant factoring */
#define SQLITE_IdxRealAsInt   0x0010   /* Store REAL as INT in indices */
#define SQLITE_DistinctOpt    0x0020   /* DISTINCT using indexes */
#define SQLITE_CoverIdxScan   0x0040   /* Covering index scans */
#define SQLITE_OrderByIdxJoin 0x0080   /* ORDER BY of joins via index */
#define SQLITE_SubqCoroutine  0x0100   /* Evaluate subqueries as coroutines */

#define SQLITE_AllOpts        0xffff   /* All optimizations */

/*
** Macros for testing whether or not optimizations are enabled or disabled.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST
#define OptimizationDisabled(db, mask)  (((db)->dbOptFlags&(mask))!=0)
................................................................................
** must be unique and what to do if they are not.  When Index.onError=OE_None,
** it means this is not a unique index.  Otherwise it is a unique index
** and the value of Index.onError indicate the which conflict resolution 
** algorithm to employ whenever an attempt is made to insert a non-unique
** element.
*/
struct Index {
  char *zName;     /* Name of this index */
  int *aiColumn;   /* Which columns are used by this index.  1st is 0 */
  tRowcnt *aiRowEst; /* Result of ANALYZE: Est. rows selected by each column */
  Table *pTable;   /* The SQL table being indexed */
  char *zColAff;   /* String defining the affinity of each column */
  Index *pNext;    /* The next index associated with the same table */
  Schema *pSchema; /* Schema containing this index */
  u8 *aSortOrder;  /* Array of size Index.nColumn. True==DESC, False==ASC */
  char **azColl;   /* Array of collation sequence names for index */
  int nColumn;     /* Number of columns in the table used by this index */
  int tnum;        /* Page containing root of this index in database file */

  u8 onError;      /* OE_Abort, OE_Ignore, OE_Replace, or OE_None */
  u8 autoIndex;    /* True if is automatically created (ex: by UNIQUE) */
  u8 bUnordered;   /* Use this index for == or IN queries only */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
  int nSample;             /* Number of elements in aSample[] */
  tRowcnt avgEq;           /* Average nEq value for key values not in aSample */
  IndexSample *aSample;    /* Samples of the left-most key */
#endif
};

................................................................................
/*
** A list of expressions.  Each expression may optionally have a
** name.  An expr/name combination can be used in several ways, such
** as the list of "expr AS ID" fields following a "SELECT" or in the
** list of "ID = expr" items in an UPDATE.  A list of expressions can
** also be used as the argument to a function, in which case the a.zName
** field is not used.








*/
struct ExprList {
  int nExpr;             /* Number of expressions on the list */
  int iECursor;          /* VDBE Cursor associated with this ExprList */
  struct ExprList_item { /* For each expression in the list */
    Expr *pExpr;           /* The list of expressions */
    char *zName;           /* Token associated with this expression */
    char *zSpan;           /* Original text of the expression */
    u8 sortOrder;          /* 1 for DESC or 0 for ASC */
    u8 done;               /* A flag to indicate when processing is finished */

    u16 iOrderByCol;       /* For ORDER BY, column number in result set */
    u16 iAlias;            /* Index into Parse.aAlias[] for zName */
  } *a;                  /* Alloc a power of two greater or equal to nExpr */
};

/*
** An instance of this structure is used by the parser to record both
** the parse tree for an expression and the span of input text for an
** expression.
................................................................................
  int p1, p2;           /* Operands of the opcode used to ends the loop */
  union {               /* Information that depends on plan.wsFlags */
    struct {
      int nIn;              /* Number of entries in aInLoop[] */
      struct InLoop {
        int iCur;              /* The VDBE cursor used by this IN operator */
        int addrInTop;         /* Top of the IN loop */

      } *aInLoop;           /* Information about each nested IN operator */
    } in;                 /* Used when plan.wsFlags&WHERE_IN_ABLE */
    Index *pCovidx;       /* Possible covering index for WHERE_MULTI_OR */
  } u;
  double rOptCost;      /* "Optimal" cost for this level */

  /* The following field is really not part of the current level.  But
................................................................................
#define SF_Aggregate       0x0004  /* Contains aggregate functions */
#define SF_UsesEphemeral   0x0008  /* Uses the OpenEphemeral opcode */
#define SF_Expanded        0x0010  /* sqlite3SelectExpand() called on this */
#define SF_HasTypeInfo     0x0020  /* FROM subqueries have Table metadata */
#define SF_UseSorter       0x0040  /* Sort using a sorter */
#define SF_Values          0x0080  /* Synthesized from VALUES clause */
#define SF_Materialize     0x0100  /* Force materialization of views */



/*
** The results of a select can be distributed in several ways.  The
** "SRT" prefix means "SELECT Result Type".
*/
#define SRT_Union        1  /* Store result as keys in an index */
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3IdListDelete(sqlite3*, IdList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SrcListDelete(sqlite3*, SrcList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Index *sqlite3CreateIndex(Parse*,Token*,Token*,SrcList*,ExprList*,int,Token*,
                        Token*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DropIndex(Parse*, SrcList*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Select(Parse*, Select*, SelectDest*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Select *sqlite3SelectNew(Parse*,ExprList*,SrcList*,Expr*,ExprList*,
                         Expr*,ExprList*,int,Expr*,Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SelectDelete(sqlite3*, Select*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Table *sqlite3SrcListLookup(Parse*, SrcList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IsReadOnly(Parse*, Table*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3OpenTable(Parse*, int iCur, int iDb, Table*, int);
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY)
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3LimitWhere(Parse *, SrcList *, Expr *, ExprList *, Expr *, Expr *, char *);
#endif
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3GenerateConstraintChecks(Parse*,Table*,int,int,
                                     int*,int,int,int,int,int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CompleteInsertion(Parse*, Table*, int, int, int*, int, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3OpenTableAndIndices(Parse*, Table*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(Parse*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3MultiWrite(Parse*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3MayAbort(Parse*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3HaltConstraint(Parse*, int, char*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3ExprDup(sqlite3*,Expr*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE ExprList *sqlite3ExprListDup(sqlite3*,ExprList*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE SrcList *sqlite3SrcListDup(sqlite3*,SrcList*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE IdList *sqlite3IdListDup(sqlite3*,IdList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Select *sqlite3SelectDup(sqlite3*,Select*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3FuncDefInsert(FuncDefHash*, FuncDef*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE FuncDef *sqlite3FindFunction(sqlite3*,const char*,int,int,u8,u8);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AlterFunctions(void);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AlterRenameTable(Parse*, SrcList*, Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3GetToken(const unsigned char *, int *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3NestedParse(Parse*, const char*, ...);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExpirePreparedStatements(sqlite3*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3CodeSubselect(Parse *, Expr *, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SelectPrep(Parse*, Select*, NameContext*);

SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ResolveExprNames(NameContext*, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ResolveSelectNames(Parse*, Select*, NameContext*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ResolveOrderGroupBy(Parse*, Select*, ExprList*, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ColumnDefault(Vdbe *, Table *, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AlterFinishAddColumn(Parse *, Token *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AlterBeginAddColumn(Parse *, SrcList *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE CollSeq *sqlite3GetCollSeq(Parse*, u8, CollSeq *, const char*);
................................................................................
  #define sqlite3FkCheck(a,b,c,d)
  #define sqlite3FkDropTable(a,b,c)
  #define sqlite3FkOldmask(a,b)      0
  #define sqlite3FkRequired(a,b,c,d) 0
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3FkDelete(sqlite3 *, Table*);

#else
  #define sqlite3FkDelete(a,b)

#endif


/*
** Available fault injectors.  Should be numbered beginning with 0.
*/
#define SQLITE_FAULTINJECTOR_MALLOC     0
................................................................................
  VdbeFrame *pParent;     /* Parent of this frame, or NULL if parent is main */
  Op *aOp;                /* Program instructions for parent frame */
  Mem *aMem;              /* Array of memory cells for parent frame */
  u8 *aOnceFlag;          /* Array of OP_Once flags for parent frame */
  VdbeCursor **apCsr;     /* Array of Vdbe cursors for parent frame */
  void *token;            /* Copy of SubProgram.token */
  i64 lastRowid;          /* Last insert rowid (sqlite3.lastRowid) */
  u16 nCursor;            /* Number of entries in apCsr */
  int pc;                 /* Program Counter in parent (calling) frame */
  int nOp;                /* Size of aOp array */
  int nMem;               /* Number of entries in aMem */
  int nOnceFlag;          /* Number of entries in aOnceFlag */
  int nChildMem;          /* Number of memory cells for child frame */
  int nChildCsr;          /* Number of cursors for child frame */
  int nChange;            /* Statement changes (Vdbe.nChanges)     */
................................................................................
  Mem *pResultSet;        /* Pointer to an array of results */
  int nMem;               /* Number of memory locations currently allocated */
  int nOp;                /* Number of instructions in the program */
  int nOpAlloc;           /* Number of slots allocated for aOp[] */
  int nLabel;             /* Number of labels used */
  int *aLabel;            /* Space to hold the labels */
  u16 nResColumn;         /* Number of columns in one row of the result set */
  u16 nCursor;            /* Number of slots in apCsr[] */
  u32 magic;              /* Magic number for sanity checking */
  char *zErrMsg;          /* Error message written here */
  Vdbe *pPrev,*pNext;     /* Linked list of VDBEs with the same Vdbe.db */
  VdbeCursor **apCsr;     /* One element of this array for each open cursor */
  Mem *aVar;              /* Values for the OP_Variable opcode. */
  char **azVar;           /* Name of variables */
  ynVar nVar;             /* Number of entries in aVar[] */
................................................................................
  { "pwrite64",     (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)pwrite64,   0  },
#else
  { "pwrite64",     (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)0,          0  },
#endif
#define osPwrite64  ((ssize_t(*)(int,const void*,size_t,off_t))\
                    aSyscall[13].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE
  { "fchmod",       (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)fchmod,     0  },
#else
  { "fchmod",       (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)0,          0  },
#endif
#define osFchmod    ((int(*)(int,mode_t))aSyscall[14].pCurrent)

#if defined(HAVE_POSIX_FALLOCATE) && HAVE_POSIX_FALLOCATE
  { "fallocate",    (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)posix_fallocate,  0 },
#else
  { "fallocate",    (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)0,                0 },
#endif
................................................................................

  { "rmdir",        (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)rmdir,           0 },
#define osRmdir     ((int(*)(const char*))aSyscall[19].pCurrent)

  { "fchown",       (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)posixFchown,     0 },
#define osFchown    ((int(*)(int,uid_t,gid_t))aSyscall[20].pCurrent)

  { "umask",        (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)umask,           0 },
#define osUmask     ((mode_t(*)(mode_t))aSyscall[21].pCurrent)

}; /* End of the overrideable system calls */

/*
** This is the xSetSystemCall() method of sqlite3_vfs for all of the
** "unix" VFSes.  Return SQLITE_OK opon successfully updating the
** system call pointer, or SQLITE_NOTFOUND if there is no configurable
** system call named zName.
................................................................................
** In that way, if a database file is -rw-rw-rw or -rw-rw-r-, and a
** transaction crashes and leaves behind hot journals, then any
** process that is able to write to the database will also be able to
** recover the hot journals.
*/
static int robust_open(const char *z, int f, mode_t m){
  int fd;
  mode_t m2;
  mode_t origM = 0;
  if( m==0 ){
    m2 = SQLITE_DEFAULT_FILE_PERMISSIONS;
  }else{
    m2 = m;
    origM = osUmask(0);
  }
  do{
#if defined(O_CLOEXEC)
    fd = osOpen(z,f|O_CLOEXEC,m2);
#else
    fd = osOpen(z,f,m2);
#endif
  }while( fd<0 && errno==EINTR );

  if( m ){
    osUmask(origM);



  }

#if defined(FD_CLOEXEC) && (!defined(O_CLOEXEC) || O_CLOEXEC==0)
  if( fd>=0 ) osFcntl(fd, F_SETFD, osFcntl(fd, F_GETFD, 0) | FD_CLOEXEC);
#endif

  return fd;
}

/*
** Helper functions to obtain and relinquish the global mutex. The
** global mutex is used to protect the unixInodeInfo and
** vxworksFileId objects used by this file, all of which may be 
................................................................................
    UNIXVFS("unix-proxy",    proxyIoFinder ),
#endif
  };
  unsigned int i;          /* Loop counter */

  /* Double-check that the aSyscall[] array has been constructed
  ** correctly.  See ticket [bb3a86e890c8e96ab] */
  assert( ArraySize(aSyscall)==22 );

  /* Register all VFSes defined in the aVfs[] array */
  for(i=0; i<(sizeof(aVfs)/sizeof(sqlite3_vfs)); i++){
    sqlite3_vfs_register(&aVfs[i], i==0);
  }
  return SQLITE_OK; 
}
................................................................................
}

/*
** This function outputs the specified (ANSI) string to the Win32 debugger
** (if available).
*/

SQLITE_API void sqlite3_win32_write_debug(char *zBuf, int nBuf){
  char zDbgBuf[SQLITE_WIN32_DBG_BUF_SIZE];
  int nMin = MIN(nBuf, (SQLITE_WIN32_DBG_BUF_SIZE - 1)); /* may be negative. */
  if( nMin<-1 ) nMin = -1; /* all negative values become -1. */
  assert( nMin==-1 || nMin==0 || nMin<SQLITE_WIN32_DBG_BUF_SIZE );
#if defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI)
  if( nMin>0 ){
    memset(zDbgBuf, 0, SQLITE_WIN32_DBG_BUF_SIZE);
................................................................................
  }
}

#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
/*************************************************************************
** This section contains code for WinCE only.
*/

/*
** Windows CE does not have a localtime() function.  So create a
** substitute.
*/
/* #include <time.h> */
struct tm *__cdecl localtime(const time_t *t)
{
  static struct tm y;
  FILETIME uTm, lTm;
  SYSTEMTIME pTm;
................................................................................
  y.tm_wday = pTm.wDayOfWeek;
  y.tm_mday = pTm.wDay;
  y.tm_hour = pTm.wHour;
  y.tm_min = pTm.wMinute;
  y.tm_sec = pTm.wSecond;
  return &y;
}


#define HANDLE_TO_WINFILE(a) (winFile*)&((char*)a)[-(int)offsetof(winFile,h)]

/*
** Acquire a lock on the handle h
*/
static void winceMutexAcquire(HANDLE h){
................................................................................
*/
#define winceMutexRelease(h) ReleaseMutex(h)

/*
** Create the mutex and shared memory used for locking in the file
** descriptor pFile
*/
static BOOL winceCreateLock(const char *zFilename, winFile *pFile){
  LPWSTR zTok;
  LPWSTR zName;


  BOOL bInit = TRUE;

  zName = utf8ToUnicode(zFilename);
  if( zName==0 ){
    /* out of memory */
    return FALSE;
  }

  /* Initialize the local lockdata */
  memset(&pFile->local, 0, sizeof(pFile->local));

  /* Replace the backslashes from the filename and lowercase it
  ** to derive a mutex name. */
................................................................................
    if (*zTok == '\\') *zTok = '_';
  }

  /* Create/open the named mutex */
  pFile->hMutex = osCreateMutexW(NULL, FALSE, zName);
  if (!pFile->hMutex){
    pFile->lastErrno = osGetLastError();

    winLogError(SQLITE_ERROR, pFile->lastErrno, "winceCreateLock1", zFilename);
    sqlite3_free(zName);
    return FALSE;
  }

  /* Acquire the mutex before continuing */
  winceMutexAcquire(pFile->hMutex);
  
  /* Since the names of named mutexes, semaphores, file mappings etc are 
  ** case-sensitive, take advantage of that by uppercasing the mutex name
................................................................................
  osCharUpperW(zName);
  pFile->hShared = osCreateFileMappingW(INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE, NULL,
                                        PAGE_READWRITE, 0, sizeof(winceLock),
                                        zName);  

  /* Set a flag that indicates we're the first to create the memory so it 
  ** must be zero-initialized */

  if (osGetLastError() == ERROR_ALREADY_EXISTS){
    bInit = FALSE;
  }

  sqlite3_free(zName);

  /* If we succeeded in making the shared memory handle, map it. */
  if (pFile->hShared){
    pFile->shared = (winceLock*)osMapViewOfFile(pFile->hShared, 
             FILE_MAP_READ|FILE_MAP_WRITE, 0, 0, sizeof(winceLock));
    /* If mapping failed, close the shared memory handle and erase it */
    if (!pFile->shared){
      pFile->lastErrno = osGetLastError();
      winLogError(SQLITE_ERROR, pFile->lastErrno,
               "winceCreateLock2", zFilename);

      osCloseHandle(pFile->hShared);
      pFile->hShared = NULL;
    }
  }

  /* If shared memory could not be created, then close the mutex and fail */
  if (pFile->hShared == NULL){






    winceMutexRelease(pFile->hMutex);
    osCloseHandle(pFile->hMutex);
    pFile->hMutex = NULL;
    return FALSE;
  }
  
  /* Initialize the shared memory if we're supposed to */
  if (bInit) {
    memset(pFile->shared, 0, sizeof(winceLock));
  }

  winceMutexRelease(pFile->hMutex);
  return TRUE;
}

/*
** Destroy the part of winFile that deals with wince locks
*/
static void winceDestroyLock(winFile *pFile){
  if (pFile->hMutex){
................................................................................
  winFile *pFile = (winFile*)id;

  assert( id!=0 );
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  assert( pFile->pShm==0 );
#endif
  OSTRACE(("CLOSE %d\n", pFile->h));

  do{
    rc = osCloseHandle(pFile->h);
    /* SimulateIOError( rc=0; cnt=MX_CLOSE_ATTEMPT; ); */
  }while( rc==0 && ++cnt < MX_CLOSE_ATTEMPT && (sqlite3_win32_sleep(100), 1) );
#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
#define WINCE_DELETION_ATTEMPTS 3
  winceDestroyLock(pFile);
................................................................................
        win32IoerrRetryDelay = a[1];
      }else{
        a[1] = win32IoerrRetryDelay;
      }
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_TEMPFILENAME: {
      char *zTFile = sqlite3_malloc( pFile->pVfs->mxPathname );
      if( zTFile ){
        getTempname(pFile->pVfs->mxPathname, zTFile);
        *(char**)pArg = zTFile;
      }
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
  }
................................................................................
                 (int)osGetCurrentProcessId(), i,
                 bRc ? "ok" : "failed"));
        bRc = osCloseHandle(p->aRegion[i].hMap);
        OSTRACE(("SHM-PURGE pid-%d close region=%d %s\n",
                 (int)osGetCurrentProcessId(), i,
                 bRc ? "ok" : "failed"));
      }
      if( p->hFile.h != INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE ){
        SimulateIOErrorBenign(1);
        winClose((sqlite3_file *)&p->hFile);
        SimulateIOErrorBenign(0);
      }
      if( deleteFlag ){
        SimulateIOErrorBenign(1);
        sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc();
................................................................................
  /* Assert that the upper layer has set one of the "file-type" flags. */
  assert( eType==SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB      || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_DB 
       || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_JOURNAL || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_JOURNAL 
       || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_SUBJOURNAL   || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_MASTER_JOURNAL 
       || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_TRANSIENT_DB || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_WAL
  );

  assert( id!=0 );
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);


#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  if( !sqlite3_temp_directory ){
    sqlite3_log(SQLITE_ERROR,
        "sqlite3_temp_directory variable should be set for WinRT");
  }
#endif

  pFile->h = INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE;

  /* If the second argument to this function is NULL, generate a 
  ** temporary file name to use 
  */
  if( !zUtf8Name ){
    assert(isDelete && !isOpenJournal);

    rc = getTempname(MAX_PATH+2, zTmpname);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      return rc;
    }
    zUtf8Name = zTmpname;
  }

................................................................................
    if( isReadWrite ){
      *pOutFlags = SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE;
    }else{
      *pOutFlags = SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY;
    }
  }

  memset(pFile, 0, sizeof(*pFile));
  pFile->pMethod = &winIoMethod;
  pFile->h = h;
  pFile->lastErrno = NO_ERROR;
  pFile->pVfs = pVfs;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  pFile->pShm = 0;
#endif
  pFile->zPath = zName;
  if( sqlite3_uri_boolean(zName, "psow", SQLITE_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE) ){
    pFile->ctrlFlags |= WINFILE_PSOW;
  }

#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  if( isReadWrite && eType==SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB
       && !winceCreateLock(zName, pFile)
  ){
    osCloseHandle(h);
    sqlite3_free(zConverted);
    return SQLITE_CANTOPEN_BKPT;
  }
  if( isTemp ){
    pFile->zDeleteOnClose = zConverted;
  }else
#endif
  {
    sqlite3_free(zConverted);
  }










  OpenCounter(+1);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Delete the named file.
................................................................................
  if( !sCheck.aPgRef ){
    *pnErr = 1;
    sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
    return 0;
  }
  i = PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt);
  if( i<=sCheck.nPage ) setPageReferenced(&sCheck, i);
  sqlite3StrAccumInit(&sCheck.errMsg, zErr, sizeof(zErr), 20000);
  sCheck.errMsg.useMalloc = 2;

  /* Check the integrity of the freelist
  */
  checkList(&sCheck, 1, get4byte(&pBt->pPage1->aData[32]),
            get4byte(&pBt->pPage1->aData[36]), "Main freelist: ");

................................................................................
}

/*
** Parameter zSrcData points to a buffer containing the data for 
** page iSrcPg from the source database. Copy this data into the 
** destination database.
*/
static int backupOnePage(sqlite3_backup *p, Pgno iSrcPg, const u8 *zSrcData){





  Pager * const pDestPager = sqlite3BtreePager(p->pDest);
  const int nSrcPgsz = sqlite3BtreeGetPageSize(p->pSrc);
  int nDestPgsz = sqlite3BtreeGetPageSize(p->pDest);
  const int nCopy = MIN(nSrcPgsz, nDestPgsz);
  const i64 iEnd = (i64)iSrcPg*(i64)nSrcPgsz;
#ifdef SQLITE_HAS_CODEC
  /* Use BtreeGetReserveNoMutex() for the source b-tree, as although it is
................................................................................
      ** and the pager code use this trick (clearing the first byte
      ** of the page 'extra' space to invalidate the Btree layers
      ** cached parse of the page). MemPage.isInit is marked 
      ** "MUST BE FIRST" for this purpose.
      */
      memcpy(zOut, zIn, nCopy);
      ((u8 *)sqlite3PagerGetExtra(pDestPg))[0] = 0;



    }
    sqlite3PagerUnref(pDestPg);
  }

  return rc;
}

................................................................................
    assert( nSrcPage>=0 );
    for(ii=0; (nPage<0 || ii<nPage) && p->iNext<=(Pgno)nSrcPage && !rc; ii++){
      const Pgno iSrcPg = p->iNext;                 /* Source page number */
      if( iSrcPg!=PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(p->pSrc->pBt) ){
        DbPage *pSrcPg;                             /* Source page object */
        rc = sqlite3PagerGet(pSrcPager, iSrcPg, &pSrcPg);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          rc = backupOnePage(p, iSrcPg, sqlite3PagerGetData(pSrcPg));
          sqlite3PagerUnref(pSrcPg);
        }
      }
      p->iNext++;
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      p->nPagecount = nSrcPage;
................................................................................
      /* The backup process p has already copied page iPage. But now it
      ** has been modified by a transaction on the source pager. Copy
      ** the new data into the backup.
      */
      int rc;
      assert( p->pDestDb );
      sqlite3_mutex_enter(p->pDestDb->mutex);
      rc = backupOnePage(p, iPage, aData);
      sqlite3_mutex_leave(p->pDestDb->mutex);
      assert( rc!=SQLITE_BUSY && rc!=SQLITE_LOCKED );
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        p->rc = rc;
      }
    }
  }
................................................................................
*************************************************************************
** This file contains code used for creating, destroying, and populating
** a VDBE (or an "sqlite3_stmt" as it is known to the outside world.)  Prior
** to version 2.8.7, all this code was combined into the vdbe.c source file.
** But that file was getting too big so this subroutines were split out.
*/



/*
** When debugging the code generator in a symbolic debugger, one can
** set the sqlite3VdbeAddopTrace to 1 and all opcodes will be printed
** as they are added to the instruction stream.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddopTrace = 0;
#endif


/*
** Create a new virtual database engine.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE Vdbe *sqlite3VdbeCreate(sqlite3 *db){
  Vdbe *p;
  p = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(Vdbe) );
  if( p==0 ) return 0;
................................................................................
  pOp->p1 = p1;
  pOp->p2 = p2;
  pOp->p3 = p3;
  pOp->p4.p = 0;
  pOp->p4type = P4_NOTUSED;
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  pOp->zComment = 0;

  if( sqlite3VdbeAddopTrace ) sqlite3VdbePrintOp(0, i, &p->aOp[i]);

#endif
#ifdef VDBE_PROFILE
  pOp->cycles = 0;
  pOp->cnt = 0;
#endif
  return i;
}
................................................................................
  while( (pOp = opIterNext(&sIter))!=0 ){
    int opcode = pOp->opcode;
    if( opcode==OP_Destroy || opcode==OP_VUpdate || opcode==OP_VRename 
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
     || (opcode==OP_FkCounter && pOp->p1==0 && pOp->p2==1) 
#endif
     || ((opcode==OP_Halt || opcode==OP_HaltIfNull) 
      && (pOp->p1==SQLITE_CONSTRAINT && pOp->p2==OE_Abort))
    ){
      hasAbort = 1;
      break;
    }
  }
  sqlite3DbFree(v->db, sIter.apSub);

................................................................................
      }
      pOut->p3 = pIn->p3;
      pOut->p4type = P4_NOTUSED;
      pOut->p4.p = 0;
      pOut->p5 = 0;
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
      pOut->zComment = 0;
      if( sqlite3VdbeAddopTrace ){
        sqlite3VdbePrintOp(0, i+addr, &p->aOp[i+addr]);
      }
#endif
    }
    p->nOp += nOp;
  }
  return addr;
................................................................................
    if( nByte ){
      p->pFree = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, nByte);
    }
    zCsr = p->pFree;
    zEnd = &zCsr[nByte];
  }while( nByte && !db->mallocFailed );

  p->nCursor = (u16)nCursor;
  p->nOnceFlag = nOnce;
  if( p->aVar ){
    p->nVar = (ynVar)nVar;
    for(n=0; n<nVar; n++){
      p->aVar[n].flags = MEM_Null;
      p->aVar[n].db = db;
    }
................................................................................
    return rc;
  }

  /* If there are any write-transactions at all, invoke the commit hook */
  if( needXcommit && db->xCommitCallback ){
    rc = db->xCommitCallback(db->pCommitArg);
    if( rc ){
      return SQLITE_CONSTRAINT;
    }
  }

  /* The simple case - no more than one database file (not counting the
  ** TEMP database) has a transaction active.   There is no need for the
  ** master-journal.
  **
................................................................................
/*
** This function is called when a transaction opened by the database 
** handle associated with the VM passed as an argument is about to be 
** committed. If there are outstanding deferred foreign key constraint
** violations, return SQLITE_ERROR. Otherwise, SQLITE_OK.
**
** If there are outstanding FK violations and this function returns 
** SQLITE_ERROR, set the result of the VM to SQLITE_CONSTRAINT and write
** an error message to it. Then return SQLITE_ERROR.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeCheckFk(Vdbe *p, int deferred){
  sqlite3 *db = p->db;
  if( (deferred && db->nDeferredCons>0) || (!deferred && p->nFkConstraint>0) ){
    p->rc = SQLITE_CONSTRAINT;
    p->errorAction = OE_Abort;
    sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db, "foreign key constraint failed");
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
#endif
................................................................................
      if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK || (p->errorAction==OE_Fail && !isSpecialError) ){
        rc = sqlite3VdbeCheckFk(p, 1);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          if( NEVER(p->readOnly) ){
            sqlite3VdbeLeave(p);
            return SQLITE_ERROR;
          }
          rc = SQLITE_CONSTRAINT;
        }else{ 
          /* The auto-commit flag is true, the vdbe program was successful 
          ** or hit an 'OR FAIL' constraint and there are no deferred foreign
          ** key constraints to hold up the transaction. This means a commit 
          ** is required. */
          rc = vdbeCommit(db, p);
        }
................................................................................
    ** do so. If this operation returns an error, and the current statement
    ** error code is SQLITE_OK or SQLITE_CONSTRAINT, then promote the
    ** current statement error code.
    */
    if( eStatementOp ){
      rc = sqlite3VdbeCloseStatement(p, eStatementOp);
      if( rc ){
        if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK || p->rc==SQLITE_CONSTRAINT ){
          p->rc = rc;
          sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zErrMsg);
          p->zErrMsg = 0;
        }
        sqlite3RollbackAll(db, SQLITE_ABORT_ROLLBACK);
        sqlite3CloseSavepoints(db);
        db->autoCommit = 1;
................................................................................
  for(i=p->nzVar-1; i>=0; i--) sqlite3DbFree(db, p->azVar[i]);
  vdbeFreeOpArray(db, p->aOp, p->nOp);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->aLabel);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->aColName);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zSql);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->pFree);
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_TREE_EXPLAIN)
  sqlite3_free(p->zExplain);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->pExplain);
#endif
}

/*
** Delete an entire VDBE.
*/
................................................................................
    sqlite3_log(pOp->p1, "constraint failed at %d in [%s]", pc, p->zSql);
  }
  rc = sqlite3VdbeHalt(p);
  assert( rc==SQLITE_BUSY || rc==SQLITE_OK || rc==SQLITE_ERROR );
  if( rc==SQLITE_BUSY ){
    p->rc = rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
  }else{
    assert( rc==SQLITE_OK || p->rc==SQLITE_CONSTRAINT );
    assert( rc==SQLITE_OK || db->nDeferredCons>0 );
    rc = p->rc ? SQLITE_ERROR : SQLITE_DONE;
  }
  goto vdbe_return;
}

/* Opcode: Integer P1 P2 * * *
................................................................................
    rc = u.cr.pModule->xUpdate(u.cr.pVtab, u.cr.nArg, u.cr.apArg, &u.cr.rowid);
    db->vtabOnConflict = vtabOnConflict;
    importVtabErrMsg(p, u.cr.pVtab);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pOp->p1 ){
      assert( u.cr.nArg>1 && u.cr.apArg[0] && (u.cr.apArg[0]->flags&MEM_Null) );
      db->lastRowid = lastRowid = u.cr.rowid;
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_CONSTRAINT && pOp->p4.pVtab->bConstraint ){
      if( pOp->p5==OE_Ignore ){
        rc = SQLITE_OK;
      }else{
        p->errorAction = ((pOp->p5==OE_Replace) ? OE_Abort : pOp->p5);
      }
    }else{
      p->nChange++;
................................................................................
    rc = sqlite3OsOpen(p->pVfs, p->zJournal, pReal, p->flags, 0);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      p->pReal = pReal;
      if( p->iSize>0 ){
        assert(p->iSize<=p->nBuf);
        rc = sqlite3OsWrite(p->pReal, p->zBuf, p->iSize, 0);
      }








    }
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Close the file.
................................................................................
    for(k=0; k<pUsing->nId; k++){
      if( sqlite3StrICmp(pUsing->a[k].zName, zCol)==0 ) return 1;
    }
  }
  return 0;
}































/*
** Given the name of a column of the form X.Y.Z or Y.Z or just Z, look up
** that name in the set of source tables in pSrcList and make the pExpr 
** expression node refer back to that source column.  The following changes
** are made to pExpr:
**
................................................................................
  assert( zCol );    /* The Z in X.Y.Z cannot be NULL */
  assert( !ExprHasAnyProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );

  /* Initialize the node to no-match */
  pExpr->iTable = -1;
  pExpr->pTab = 0;
  ExprSetIrreducible(pExpr);















  /* Start at the inner-most context and move outward until a match is found */
  while( pNC && cnt==0 ){
    ExprList *pEList;
    SrcList *pSrcList = pNC->pSrcList;

    if( pSrcList ){
      for(i=0, pItem=pSrcList->a; i<pSrcList->nSrc; i++, pItem++){
        Table *pTab;
        int iDb;
        Column *pCol;
  
        pTab = pItem->pTab;
        assert( pTab!=0 && pTab->zName!=0 );
        iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pTab->pSchema);
        assert( pTab->nCol>0 );

        if( zTab ){
          if( pItem->zAlias ){
            char *zTabName = pItem->zAlias;
            if( sqlite3StrICmp(zTabName, zTab)!=0 ) continue;
          }else{

            char *zTabName = pTab->zName;
            if( NEVER(zTabName==0) || sqlite3StrICmp(zTabName, zTab)!=0 ){




              continue;
            }
            if( zDb!=0 && sqlite3StrICmp(db->aDb[iDb].zName, zDb)!=0 ){

              continue;
            }





          }
        }
        if( 0==(cntTab++) ){
          pExpr->iTable = pItem->iCursor;
          pExpr->pTab = pTab;
          pSchema = pTab->pSchema;
          pMatch = pItem;
        }
        for(j=0, pCol=pTab->aCol; j<pTab->nCol; j++, pCol++){
          if( sqlite3StrICmp(pCol->zName, zCol)==0 ){
            /* If there has been exactly one prior match and this match
            ** is for the right-hand table of a NATURAL JOIN or is in a 
            ** USING clause, then skip this match.
            */
            if( cnt==1 ){
              if( pItem->jointype & JT_NATURAL ) continue;
              if( nameInUsingClause(pItem->pUsing, zCol) ) continue;
            }
            cnt++;
            pExpr->iTable = pItem->iCursor;
            pExpr->pTab = pTab;
            pMatch = pItem;
            pSchema = pTab->pSchema;
            /* Substitute the rowid (column -1) for the INTEGER PRIMARY KEY */
            pExpr->iColumn = j==pTab->iPKey ? -1 : (i16)j;
            break;
          }
        }
      }




    }


#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
    /* If we have not already resolved the name, then maybe 
    ** it is a new.* or old.* trigger argument reference
    */
    if( zDb==0 && zTab!=0 && cnt==0 && pParse->pTriggerTab!=0 ){
      int op = pParse->eTriggerOp;
................................................................................
        }
      }
#endif
      if( is_agg && (pNC->ncFlags & NC_AllowAgg)==0 ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "misuse of aggregate function %.*s()", nId,zId);
        pNC->nErr++;
        is_agg = 0;
      }else if( no_such_func ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "no such function: %.*s", nId, zId);
        pNC->nErr++;
      }else if( wrong_num_args ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse,"wrong number of arguments to function %.*s()",
             nId, zId);
        pNC->nErr++;
      }
................................................................................
    memset(&sNC, 0, sizeof(sNC));
    sNC.pParse = pParse;
    if( sqlite3ResolveExprNames(&sNC, p->pLimit) ||
        sqlite3ResolveExprNames(&sNC, p->pOffset) ){
      return WRC_Abort;
    }
  
    /* Set up the local name-context to pass to sqlite3ResolveExprNames() to
    ** resolve the result-set expression list.
    */
    sNC.ncFlags = NC_AllowAgg;
    sNC.pSrcList = p->pSrc;
    sNC.pNext = pOuterNC;
  
    /* Resolve names in the result set. */
    pEList = p->pEList;
    assert( pEList!=0 );
    for(i=0; i<pEList->nExpr; i++){
      Expr *pX = pEList->a[i].pExpr;
      if( sqlite3ResolveExprNames(&sNC, pX) ){
        return WRC_Abort;
      }
    }
  
    /* Recursively resolve names in all subqueries
    */
    for(i=0; i<p->pSrc->nSrc; i++){
      struct SrcList_item *pItem = &p->pSrc->a[i];
      if( pItem->pSelect ){
        NameContext *pNC;         /* Used to iterate name contexts */
        int nRef = 0;             /* Refcount for pOuterNC and outer contexts */
................................................................................
        if( pParse->nErr || db->mallocFailed ) return WRC_Abort;

        for(pNC=pOuterNC; pNC; pNC=pNC->pNext) nRef -= pNC->nRef;
        assert( pItem->isCorrelated==0 && nRef<=0 );
        pItem->isCorrelated = (nRef!=0);
      }
    }

















  
    /* If there are no aggregate functions in the result-set, and no GROUP BY 
    ** expression, do not allow aggregates in any of the other expressions.
    */
    assert( (p->selFlags & SF_Aggregate)==0 );
    pGroupBy = p->pGroupBy;
    if( pGroupBy || (sNC.ncFlags & NC_HasAgg)!=0 ){
................................................................................
        sqlite3MayAbort(pParse);
      }
      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) );
      if( pExpr->affinity==OE_Ignore ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(
            v, OP_Halt, SQLITE_OK, OE_Ignore, 0, pExpr->u.zToken,0);
      }else{

        sqlite3HaltConstraint(pParse, pExpr->affinity, pExpr->u.zToken, 0);
      }

      break;
    }
#endif
  }
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regFree1);
................................................................................
  }else{
    sqlite3ExplainPush(pOut);
    for(i=0; i<pList->nExpr; i++){
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, "item[%d] = ", i);
      sqlite3ExplainPush(pOut);
      sqlite3ExplainExpr(pOut, pList->a[i].pExpr);
      sqlite3ExplainPop(pOut);






      if( i<pList->nExpr-1 ){
        sqlite3ExplainNL(pOut);
      }
    }
    sqlite3ExplainPop(pOut);
  }
}
................................................................................
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);
  addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterSort, iSorter, 0);
  if( pIndex->onError!=OE_None ){
    int j2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v) + 3;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, j2);
    addr2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_SorterCompare, iSorter, j2, regRecord);
    sqlite3HaltConstraint(
        pParse, OE_Abort, "indexed columns are not unique", P4_STATIC
    );
  }else{
    addr2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterData, iSorter, regRecord);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IdxInsert, iIdx, regRecord, 1);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT);
................................................................................
    ** (made available to the compiler for reuse) using 
    ** sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(). So in some ways having the OP_IsUnique
    ** opcode use the values stored within seems dangerous. However, since
    ** we can be sure that no other temp registers have been allocated
    ** since sqlite3ReleaseTempRange() was called, it is safe to do so.
    */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_IsUnique, iIdx, j2, regRowid, pRegKey, P4_INT32);
    sqlite3HaltConstraint(
        pParse, OE_Abort, "indexed columns are not unique", P4_STATIC);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IdxInsert, iIdx, regRecord, 0);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT);
#endif
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regRecord);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterNext, iSorter, addr2);
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);
................................................................................
}

/*
** Code an OP_Halt that causes the vdbe to return an SQLITE_CONSTRAINT
** error. The onError parameter determines which (if any) of the statement
** and/or current transaction is rolled back.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3HaltConstraint(Parse *pParse, int onError, char *p4, int p4type){






  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);

  if( onError==OE_Abort ){
    sqlite3MayAbort(pParse);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Halt, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT, onError, 0, p4, p4type);
}

/*
** Check to see if pIndex uses the collating sequence pColl.  Return
** true if it does and false if it does not.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_REINDEX
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER

/*
** Deferred and Immediate FKs
** --------------------------
**
** Foreign keys in SQLite come in two flavours: deferred and immediate.
** If an immediate foreign key constraint is violated, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT

** is returned and the current statement transaction rolled back. If a 
** deferred foreign key constraint is violated, no action is taken 
** immediately. However if the application attempts to commit the 
** transaction before fixing the constraint violation, the attempt fails.
**
** Deferred constraints are implemented using a simple counter associated
** with the database handle. The counter is set to zero each time a 
** database transaction is opened. Each time a statement is executed 
................................................................................
** If a delete caused by OR REPLACE violates an FK constraint, an exception
** is thrown, even if the FK constraint would be satisfied after the new 
** row is inserted.
**
** Immediate constraints are usually handled similarly. The only difference 
** is that the counter used is stored as part of each individual statement
** object (struct Vdbe). If, after the statement has run, its immediate
** constraint counter is greater than zero, it returns SQLITE_CONSTRAINT

** and the statement transaction is rolled back. An exception is an INSERT
** statement that inserts a single row only (no triggers). In this case,
** instead of using a counter, an exception is thrown immediately if the
** INSERT violates a foreign key constraint. This is necessary as such
** an INSERT does not open a statement transaction.
**
** TODO: How should dropping a table be handled? How should renaming a 
................................................................................
**   Register (x+3):      3.1  (type real)
*/

/*
** A foreign key constraint requires that the key columns in the parent
** table are collectively subject to a UNIQUE or PRIMARY KEY constraint.
** Given that pParent is the parent table for foreign key constraint pFKey, 
** search the schema a unique index on the parent key columns. 
**
** If successful, zero is returned. If the parent key is an INTEGER PRIMARY 
** KEY column, then output variable *ppIdx is set to NULL. Otherwise, *ppIdx 
** is set to point to the unique index. 
** 
** If the parent key consists of a single column (the foreign key constraint
** is not a composite foreign key), output variable *paiCol is set to NULL.
................................................................................
**      consists of a a different number of columns to the child key in 
**      the child table.
**
** then non-zero is returned, and a "foreign key mismatch" error loaded
** into pParse. If an OOM error occurs, non-zero is returned and the
** pParse->db->mallocFailed flag is set.
*/
static int locateFkeyIndex(
  Parse *pParse,                  /* Parse context to store any error in */
  Table *pParent,                 /* Parent table of FK constraint pFKey */
  FKey *pFKey,                    /* Foreign key to find index for */
  Index **ppIdx,                  /* OUT: Unique index on parent table */
  int **paiCol                    /* OUT: Map of index columns in pFKey */
){
  Index *pIdx = 0;                    /* Value to return via *ppIdx */
................................................................................
        if( i==nCol ) break;      /* pIdx is usable */
      }
    }
  }

  if( !pIdx ){
    if( !pParse->disableTriggers ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "foreign key mismatch");


    }
    sqlite3DbFree(pParse->db, aiCol);
    return 1;
  }

  *ppIdx = pIdx;
  return 0;
................................................................................

  if( !pFKey->isDeferred && !pParse->pToplevel && !pParse->isMultiWrite ){
    /* Special case: If this is an INSERT statement that will insert exactly
    ** one row into the table, raise a constraint immediately instead of
    ** incrementing a counter. This is necessary as the VM code is being
    ** generated for will not open a statement transaction.  */
    assert( nIncr==1 );
    sqlite3HaltConstraint(
        pParse, OE_Abort, "foreign key constraint failed", P4_STATIC
    );
  }else{
    if( nIncr>0 && pFKey->isDeferred==0 ){
      sqlite3ParseToplevel(pParse)->mayAbort = 1;
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_FkCounter, pFKey->isDeferred, nIncr);
  }
................................................................................
    pParse->disableTriggers = 0;

    /* If the DELETE has generated immediate foreign key constraint 
    ** violations, halt the VDBE and return an error at this point, before
    ** any modifications to the schema are made. This is because statement
    ** transactions are not able to rollback schema changes.  */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_FkIfZero, 0, sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)+2);
    sqlite3HaltConstraint(
        pParse, OE_Abort, "foreign key constraint failed", P4_STATIC
    );

    if( iSkip ){
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iSkip);
    }
  }
}
................................................................................
    ** schema items cannot be located, set an error in pParse and return 
    ** early.  */
    if( pParse->disableTriggers ){
      pTo = sqlite3FindTable(db, pFKey->zTo, zDb);
    }else{
      pTo = sqlite3LocateTable(pParse, 0, pFKey->zTo, zDb);
    }
    if( !pTo || locateFkeyIndex(pParse, pTo, pFKey, &pIdx, &aiFree) ){
      assert( isIgnoreErrors==0 || (regOld!=0 && regNew==0) );
      if( !isIgnoreErrors || db->mallocFailed ) return;
      if( pTo==0 ){
        /* If isIgnoreErrors is true, then a table is being dropped. In this
        ** case SQLite runs a "DELETE FROM xxx" on the table being dropped
        ** before actually dropping it in order to check FK constraints.
        ** If the parent table of an FK constraint on the current table is
................................................................................
    if( !pFKey->isDeferred && !pParse->pToplevel && !pParse->isMultiWrite ){
      assert( regOld==0 && regNew!=0 );
      /* Inserting a single row into a parent table cannot cause an immediate
      ** foreign key violation. So do nothing in this case.  */
      continue;
    }

    if( locateFkeyIndex(pParse, pTab, pFKey, &pIdx, &aiCol) ){
      if( !isIgnoreErrors || db->mallocFailed ) return;
      continue;
    }
    assert( aiCol || pFKey->nCol==1 );

    /* Create a SrcList structure containing a single table (the table 
    ** the foreign key that refers to this table is attached to). This
................................................................................
    FKey *p;
    int i;
    for(p=pTab->pFKey; p; p=p->pNextFrom){
      for(i=0; i<p->nCol; i++) mask |= COLUMN_MASK(p->aCol[i].iFrom);
    }
    for(p=sqlite3FkReferences(pTab); p; p=p->pNextTo){
      Index *pIdx = 0;
      locateFkeyIndex(pParse, pTab, p, &pIdx, 0);
      if( pIdx ){
        for(i=0; i<pIdx->nColumn; i++) mask |= COLUMN_MASK(pIdx->aiColumn[i]);
      }
    }
  }
  return mask;
}
................................................................................
    TriggerStep *pStep = 0;        /* First (only) step of trigger program */
    Expr *pWhere = 0;             /* WHERE clause of trigger step */
    ExprList *pList = 0;          /* Changes list if ON UPDATE CASCADE */
    Select *pSelect = 0;          /* If RESTRICT, "SELECT RAISE(...)" */
    int i;                        /* Iterator variable */
    Expr *pWhen = 0;              /* WHEN clause for the trigger */

    if( locateFkeyIndex(pParse, pTab, pFKey, &pIdx, &aiCol) ) return 0;
    assert( aiCol || pFKey->nCol==1 );

    for(i=0; i<pFKey->nCol; i++){
      Token tOld = { "old", 3 };  /* Literal "old" token */
      Token tNew = { "new", 3 };  /* Literal "new" token */
      Token tFromCol;             /* Name of column in child table */
      Token tToCol;               /* Name of column in parent table */
................................................................................
    switch( onError ){
      case OE_Abort:
        sqlite3MayAbort(pParse);
      case OE_Rollback:
      case OE_Fail: {
        char *zMsg;
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_HaltIfNull,
                                  SQLITE_CONSTRAINT, onError, regData+i);
        zMsg = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s.%s may not be NULL",
                              pTab->zName, pTab->aCol[i].zName);
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, zMsg, P4_DYNAMIC);
        break;
      }
      case OE_Ignore: {
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, regData+i, ignoreDest);
................................................................................
        char *zConsName = pCheck->a[i].zName;
        if( onError==OE_Replace ) onError = OE_Abort; /* IMP: R-15569-63625 */
        if( zConsName ){
          zConsName = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "constraint %s failed", zConsName);
        }else{
          zConsName = 0;
        }

        sqlite3HaltConstraint(pParse, onError, zConsName, P4_DYNAMIC);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, allOk);
    }
  }
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK) */

  /* If we have an INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, make sure the primary key
................................................................................
      default: {
        onError = OE_Abort;
        /* Fall thru into the next case */
      }
      case OE_Rollback:
      case OE_Abort:
      case OE_Fail: {
        sqlite3HaltConstraint(
          pParse, onError, "PRIMARY KEY must be unique", P4_STATIC);
        break;
      }
      case OE_Replace: {
        /* If there are DELETE triggers on this table and the
        ** recursive-triggers flag is set, call GenerateRowDelete() to
        ** remove the conflicting row from the table. This will fire
        ** the triggers and remove both the table and index b-tree entries.
................................................................................
          sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&errMsg, zSep, -1);
          zSep = ", ";
          sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&errMsg, zCol, -1);
        }
        sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&errMsg,
            pIdx->nColumn>1 ? " are not unique" : " is not unique", -1);
        zErr = sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&errMsg);
        sqlite3HaltConstraint(pParse, onError, zErr, 0);

        sqlite3DbFree(errMsg.db, zErr);
        break;
      }
      case OE_Ignore: {
        assert( seenReplace==0 );
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, ignoreDest);
        break;
................................................................................
  sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, iSrc, iDbSrc, pSrc, OP_OpenRead);
  emptySrcTest = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iSrc, 0);
  regData = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
  regRowid = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
  if( pDest->iPKey>=0 ){
    addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, iSrc, regRowid);
    addr2 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iDest, 0, regRowid);
    sqlite3HaltConstraint(
        pParse, onError, "PRIMARY KEY must be unique", P4_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr2);
    autoIncStep(pParse, regAutoinc, regRowid);
  }else if( pDest->pIndex==0 ){
    addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iDest, regRowid);
  }else{
    addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, iSrc, regRowid);
    assert( (pDest->tabFlags & TF_Autoincrement)==0 );
................................................................................
  int (*unlock_notify)(sqlite3*,void(*)(void**,int),void*);
  int (*wal_autocheckpoint)(sqlite3*,int);
  int (*wal_checkpoint)(sqlite3*,const char*);
  void *(*wal_hook)(sqlite3*,int(*)(void*,sqlite3*,const char*,int),void*);
  int (*blob_reopen)(sqlite3_blob*,sqlite3_int64);
  int (*vtab_config)(sqlite3*,int op,...);
  int (*vtab_on_conflict)(sqlite3*);














};

/*
** The following macros redefine the API routines so that they are
** redirected throught the global sqlite3_api structure.
**
** This header file is also used by the loadext.c source file
................................................................................
#define sqlite3_unlock_notify          sqlite3_api->unlock_notify
#define sqlite3_wal_autocheckpoint     sqlite3_api->wal_autocheckpoint
#define sqlite3_wal_checkpoint         sqlite3_api->wal_checkpoint
#define sqlite3_wal_hook               sqlite3_api->wal_hook
#define sqlite3_blob_reopen            sqlite3_api->blob_reopen
#define sqlite3_vtab_config            sqlite3_api->vtab_config
#define sqlite3_vtab_on_conflict       sqlite3_api->vtab_on_conflict














#endif /* SQLITE_CORE */

#define SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT1     const sqlite3_api_routines *sqlite3_api = 0;
#define SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT2(v)  sqlite3_api = v;

#endif /* _SQLITE3EXT_H_ */

................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOMATIC_INDEX
    { "automatic_index",          SQLITE_AutoIndex     },
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    { "sql_trace",                SQLITE_SqlTrace      },
    { "vdbe_listing",             SQLITE_VdbeListing   },
    { "vdbe_trace",               SQLITE_VdbeTrace     },



#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK
    { "ignore_check_constraints", SQLITE_IgnoreChecks  },
#endif
    /* The following is VERY experimental */
    { "writable_schema",          SQLITE_WriteSchema|SQLITE_RecoveryMode },

................................................................................
  ** dflt_value: The default value for the column, if any.
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "table_info")==0 && zRight ){
    Table *pTab;
    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ) goto pragma_out;
    pTab = sqlite3FindTable(db, zRight, zDb);
    if( pTab ){
      int i;
      int nHidden = 0;
      Column *pCol;


      sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 6);
      pParse->nMem = 6;

      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "cid", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 1, COLNAME_NAME, "name", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 2, COLNAME_NAME, "type", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 3, COLNAME_NAME, "notnull", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 4, COLNAME_NAME, "dflt_value", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 5, COLNAME_NAME, "pk", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3ViewGetColumnNames(pParse, pTab);
................................................................................
           pCol->zType ? pCol->zType : "", 0);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, (pCol->notNull ? 1 : 0), 4);
        if( pCol->zDflt ){
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 5, 0, (char*)pCol->zDflt, 0);
        }else{
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, 5);
        }







        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer,
                            (pCol->colFlags&COLFLAG_PRIMKEY)!=0, 6);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 6);
      }
    }
  }else

  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "index_info")==0 && zRight ){
    Index *pIdx;
................................................................................
    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ) goto pragma_out;
    pIdx = sqlite3FindIndex(db, zRight, zDb);
    if( pIdx ){
      int i;
      pTab = pIdx->pTable;
      sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 3);
      pParse->nMem = 3;

      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "seqno", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 1, COLNAME_NAME, "cid", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 2, COLNAME_NAME, "name", SQLITE_STATIC);
      for(i=0; i<pIdx->nColumn; i++){
        int cnum = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i, 1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, cnum, 2);
................................................................................
    if( pTab ){
      v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
      pIdx = pTab->pIndex;
      if( pIdx ){
        int i = 0; 
        sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 3);
        pParse->nMem = 3;

        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "seq", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 1, COLNAME_NAME, "name", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 2, COLNAME_NAME, "unique", SQLITE_STATIC);
        while(pIdx){
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i, 1);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 2, 0, pIdx->zName, 0);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, pIdx->onError!=OE_None, 3);
................................................................................
    if( pTab ){
      v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
      pFK = pTab->pFKey;
      if( pFK ){
        int i = 0; 
        sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 8);
        pParse->nMem = 8;

        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "id", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 1, COLNAME_NAME, "seq", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 2, COLNAME_NAME, "table", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 3, COLNAME_NAME, "from", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 4, COLNAME_NAME, "to", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 5, COLNAME_NAME, "on_update", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 6, COLNAME_NAME, "on_delete", SQLITE_STATIC);
................................................................................
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 8);
          }
          ++i;
          pFK = pFK->pNextFrom;
        }
      }
    }


















































































































  }else
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY) */

#ifndef NDEBUG
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "parser_trace")==0 ){
    if( zRight ){
      if( sqlite3GetBoolean(zRight, 0) ){
................................................................................
      sqlite3_key(db, zKey, i/2);
    }else{
      sqlite3_rekey(db, zKey, i/2);
    }
  }else
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_HAS_CODEC) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_CEROD)
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "activate_extensions")==0 ){
#ifdef SQLITE_HAS_CODEC
    if( sqlite3StrNICmp(zRight, "see-", 4)==0 ){
      sqlite3_activate_see(&zRight[4]);
    }
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_CEROD
    if( sqlite3StrNICmp(zRight, "cerod-", 6)==0 ){
................................................................................
  Parse *pParse,        /* Parsing context */
  ExprList *pEList,     /* which columns to include in the result */
  SrcList *pSrc,        /* the FROM clause -- which tables to scan */
  Expr *pWhere,         /* the WHERE clause */
  ExprList *pGroupBy,   /* the GROUP BY clause */
  Expr *pHaving,        /* the HAVING clause */
  ExprList *pOrderBy,   /* the ORDER BY clause */
  int isDistinct,       /* true if the DISTINCT keyword is present */
  Expr *pLimit,         /* LIMIT value.  NULL means not used */
  Expr *pOffset         /* OFFSET value.  NULL means no offset */
){
  Select *pNew;
  Select standin;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  pNew = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(*pNew) );
................................................................................
  pNew->pEList = pEList;
  if( pSrc==0 ) pSrc = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(*pSrc));
  pNew->pSrc = pSrc;
  pNew->pWhere = pWhere;
  pNew->pGroupBy = pGroupBy;
  pNew->pHaving = pHaving;
  pNew->pOrderBy = pOrderBy;
  pNew->selFlags = isDistinct ? SF_Distinct : 0;
  pNew->op = TK_SELECT;
  pNew->pLimit = pLimit;
  pNew->pOffset = pOffset;
  assert( pOffset==0 || pLimit!=0 );
  pNew->addrOpenEphm[0] = -1;
  pNew->addrOpenEphm[1] = -1;
  pNew->addrOpenEphm[2] = -1;
................................................................................
  *pnCol = nCol;
  *paCol = aCol;

  for(i=0, pCol=aCol; i<nCol; i++, pCol++){
    /* Get an appropriate name for the column
    */
    p = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pEList->a[i].pExpr);
    assert( p->pRight==0 || ExprHasProperty(p->pRight, EP_IntValue)
               || p->pRight->u.zToken==0 || p->pRight->u.zToken[0]!=0 );
    if( (zName = pEList->a[i].zName)!=0 ){
      /* If the column contains an "AS <name>" phrase, use <name> as the name */
      zName = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, zName);
    }else{
      Expr *pColExpr = p;  /* The expression that is the result column name */
      Table *pTab;         /* Table associated with this expression */
      while( pColExpr->op==TK_DOT ){
................................................................................
    /* Make sure the column name is unique.  If the name is not unique,
    ** append a integer to the name so that it becomes unique.
    */
    nName = sqlite3Strlen30(zName);
    for(j=cnt=0; j<i; j++){
      if( sqlite3StrICmp(aCol[j].zName, zName)==0 ){
        char *zNewName;



        zName[nName] = 0;
        zNewName = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s:%d", zName, ++cnt);
        sqlite3DbFree(db, zName);
        zName = zNewName;
        j = -1;
        if( zName==0 ) break;
      }
................................................................................
  /* Generate code for the left and right SELECT statements.
  */
  switch( p->op ){
    case TK_ALL: {
      int addr = 0;
      int nLimit;
      assert( !pPrior->pLimit );


      pPrior->pLimit = p->pLimit;
      pPrior->pOffset = p->pOffset;
      explainSetInteger(iSub1, pParse->iNextSelectId);
      rc = sqlite3Select(pParse, pPrior, &dest);
      p->pLimit = 0;
      p->pOffset = 0;
      if( rc ){
................................................................................
  **
  ** We call this the "compound-subquery flattening".
  */
  for(pSub=pSub->pPrior; pSub; pSub=pSub->pPrior){
    Select *pNew;
    ExprList *pOrderBy = p->pOrderBy;
    Expr *pLimit = p->pLimit;

    Select *pPrior = p->pPrior;
    p->pOrderBy = 0;
    p->pSrc = 0;
    p->pPrior = 0;
    p->pLimit = 0;

    pNew = sqlite3SelectDup(db, p, 0);

    p->pLimit = pLimit;
    p->pOrderBy = pOrderBy;
    p->pSrc = pSrc;
    p->op = TK_ALL;
    p->pRightmost = 0;
    if( pNew==0 ){
      pNew = pPrior;
................................................................................
  sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pSub1);

  return 1;
}
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) */

/*
** Analyze the SELECT statement passed as an argument to see if it
** is a min() or max() query. Return WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN or WHERE_ORDERBY_MAX if 
** it is, or 0 otherwise. At present, a query is considered to be
** a min()/max() query if:
**
**   1. There is a single object in the FROM clause.
**
**   2. There is a single expression in the result set, and it is
**      either min(x) or max(x), where x is a column reference.
*/
static u8 minMaxQuery(Select *p){
  Expr *pExpr;
  ExprList *pEList = p->pEList;

  if( pEList->nExpr!=1 ) return WHERE_ORDERBY_NORMAL;
  pExpr = pEList->a[0].pExpr;
  if( pExpr->op!=TK_AGG_FUNCTION ) return 0;
  if( NEVER(ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect)) ) return 0;
  pEList = pExpr->x.pList;
  if( pEList==0 || pEList->nExpr!=1 ) return 0;
  if( pEList->a[0].pExpr->op!=TK_AGG_COLUMN ) return WHERE_ORDERBY_NORMAL;
  assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) );
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(pExpr->u.zToken,"min")==0 ){
    return WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN;
  }else if( sqlite3StrICmp(pExpr->u.zToken,"max")==0 ){
    return WHERE_ORDERBY_MAX;
  }
  return WHERE_ORDERBY_NORMAL;









}

/*
** The select statement passed as the first argument is an aggregate query.
** The second argment is the associated aggregate-info object. This 
** function tests if the SELECT is of the form:
**
................................................................................
static int selectExpander(Walker *pWalker, Select *p){
  Parse *pParse = pWalker->pParse;
  int i, j, k;
  SrcList *pTabList;
  ExprList *pEList;
  struct SrcList_item *pFrom;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;




  if( db->mallocFailed  ){
    return WRC_Abort;
  }
  if( NEVER(p->pSrc==0) || (p->selFlags & SF_Expanded)!=0 ){
    return WRC_Prune;
  }
  p->selFlags |= SF_Expanded;
  pTabList = p->pSrc;
  pEList = p->pEList;

  /* Make sure cursor numbers have been assigned to all entries in
  ** the FROM clause of the SELECT statement.
  */
  sqlite3SrcListAssignCursors(pParse, pTabList);
................................................................................
      pTab->tabFlags |= TF_Ephemeral;
#endif
    }else{
      /* An ordinary table or view name in the FROM clause */
      assert( pFrom->pTab==0 );
      pFrom->pTab = pTab = sqlite3LocateTableItem(pParse, 0, pFrom);
      if( pTab==0 ) return WRC_Abort;






      pTab->nRef++;
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) || !defined (SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE)
      if( pTab->pSelect || IsVirtual(pTab) ){
        /* We reach here if the named table is a really a view */
        if( sqlite3ViewGetColumnNames(pParse, pTab) ) return WRC_Abort;
        assert( pFrom->pSelect==0 );
        pFrom->pSelect = sqlite3SelectDup(db, pTab->pSelect, 0);
................................................................................
  ** The following code just has to locate the TK_ALL expressions and expand
  ** each one to the list of all columns in all tables.
  **
  ** The first loop just checks to see if there are any "*" operators
  ** that need expanding.
  */
  for(k=0; k<pEList->nExpr; k++){
    Expr *pE = pEList->a[k].pExpr;
    if( pE->op==TK_ALL ) break;
    assert( pE->op!=TK_DOT || pE->pRight!=0 );
    assert( pE->op!=TK_DOT || (pE->pLeft!=0 && pE->pLeft->op==TK_ID) );
    if( pE->op==TK_DOT && pE->pRight->op==TK_ALL ) break;
  }
  if( k<pEList->nExpr ){
    /*
................................................................................
    */
    struct ExprList_item *a = pEList->a;
    ExprList *pNew = 0;
    int flags = pParse->db->flags;
    int longNames = (flags & SQLITE_FullColNames)!=0
                      && (flags & SQLITE_ShortColNames)==0;








    for(k=0; k<pEList->nExpr; k++){
      Expr *pE = a[k].pExpr;

      assert( pE->op!=TK_DOT || pE->pRight!=0 );
      if( pE->op!=TK_ALL && (pE->op!=TK_DOT || pE->pRight->op!=TK_ALL) ){
        /* This particular expression does not need to be expanded.
        */
        pNew = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, pNew, a[k].pExpr);
        if( pNew ){
          pNew->a[pNew->nExpr-1].zName = a[k].zName;
          pNew->a[pNew->nExpr-1].zSpan = a[k].zSpan;
          a[k].zName = 0;
................................................................................
          a[k].zSpan = 0;
        }
        a[k].pExpr = 0;
      }else{
        /* This expression is a "*" or a "TABLE.*" and needs to be
        ** expanded. */
        int tableSeen = 0;      /* Set to 1 when TABLE matches */
        char *zTName;            /* text of name of TABLE */
        if( pE->op==TK_DOT ){
          assert( pE->pLeft!=0 );
          assert( !ExprHasProperty(pE->pLeft, EP_IntValue) );
          zTName = pE->pLeft->u.zToken;
        }else{
          zTName = 0;
        }
        for(i=0, pFrom=pTabList->a; i<pTabList->nSrc; i++, pFrom++){
          Table *pTab = pFrom->pTab;

          char *zTabName = pFrom->zAlias;


          if( zTabName==0 ){
            zTabName = pTab->zName;
          }
          if( db->mallocFailed ) break;


          if( zTName && sqlite3StrICmp(zTName, zTabName)!=0 ){
            continue;
          }
          tableSeen = 1;



          for(j=0; j<pTab->nCol; j++){
            Expr *pExpr, *pRight;
            char *zName = pTab->aCol[j].zName;
            char *zColname;  /* The computed column name */
            char *zToFree;   /* Malloced string that needs to be freed */
            Token sColname;  /* Computed column name as a token */








            /* If a column is marked as 'hidden' (currently only possible
            ** for virtual tables), do not include it in the expanded
            ** result-set list.
            */
            if( IsHiddenColumn(&pTab->aCol[j]) ){
              assert(IsVirtual(pTab));
              continue;
            }


            if( i>0 && zTName==0 ){
              if( (pFrom->jointype & JT_NATURAL)!=0
                && tableAndColumnIndex(pTabList, i, zName, 0, 0)
              ){
                /* In a NATURAL join, omit the join columns from the 
                ** table to the right of the join */
................................................................................
            pRight = sqlite3Expr(db, TK_ID, zName);
            zColname = zName;
            zToFree = 0;
            if( longNames || pTabList->nSrc>1 ){
              Expr *pLeft;
              pLeft = sqlite3Expr(db, TK_ID, zTabName);
              pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, pLeft, pRight, 0);




              if( longNames ){
                zColname = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s.%s", zTabName, zName);
                zToFree = zColname;
              }
            }else{
              pExpr = pRight;
            }
            pNew = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, pNew, pExpr);
            sColname.z = zColname;
            sColname.n = sqlite3Strlen30(zColname);
            sqlite3ExprListSetName(pParse, pNew, &sColname, 0);












            sqlite3DbFree(db, zToFree);
          }
        }
        if( !tableSeen ){
          if( zTName ){
            sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "no such table: %s", zTName);
          }else{
................................................................................
  Parse *pParse,         /* The parser context */
  Select *p,             /* The SELECT statement being coded. */
  NameContext *pOuterNC  /* Name context for container */
){
  sqlite3 *db;
  if( NEVER(p==0) ) return;
  db = pParse->db;

  if( p->selFlags & SF_HasTypeInfo ) return;
  sqlite3SelectExpand(pParse, p);
  if( pParse->nErr || db->mallocFailed ) return;
  sqlite3ResolveSelectNames(pParse, p, pOuterNC);
  if( pParse->nErr || db->mallocFailed ) return;
  sqlite3SelectAddTypeInfo(pParse, p);
}
................................................................................
        **
        **   + The optimizer code in where.c (the thing that decides which
        **     index or indices to use) should place a different priority on 
        **     satisfying the 'ORDER BY' clause than it does in other cases.
        **     Refer to code and comments in where.c for details.
        */
        ExprList *pMinMax = 0;





        u8 flag = minMaxQuery(p);



        if( flag ){
          assert( !ExprHasProperty(p->pEList->a[0].pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );
          assert( p->pEList->a[0].pExpr->x.pList->nExpr==1 );
          pMinMax = sqlite3ExprListDup(db, p->pEList->a[0].pExpr->x.pList,0);
          pDel = pMinMax;
          if( pMinMax && !db->mallocFailed ){
            pMinMax->a[0].sortOrder = flag!=WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN ?1:0;
            pMinMax->a[0].pExpr->op = TK_COLUMN;
          }
        }
  
................................................................................
  }
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExplainSelect(Vdbe *pVdbe, Select *p){
  if( p==0 ){
    sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pVdbe, "(null-select)");
    return;
  }
  while( p->pPrior ) p = p->pPrior;



  sqlite3ExplainPush(pVdbe);
  while( p ){
    explainOneSelect(pVdbe, p);
    p = p->pNext;
    if( p==0 ) break;
    sqlite3ExplainNL(pVdbe);
    sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pVdbe, "%s\n", selectOpName(p->op));
................................................................................
typedef struct WhereTerm WhereTerm;
struct WhereTerm {
  Expr *pExpr;            /* Pointer to the subexpression that is this term */
  int iParent;            /* Disable pWC->a[iParent] when this term disabled */
  int leftCursor;         /* Cursor number of X in "X <op> <expr>" */
  union {
    int leftColumn;         /* Column number of X in "X <op> <expr>" */
    WhereOrInfo *pOrInfo;   /* Extra information if eOperator==WO_OR */
    WhereAndInfo *pAndInfo; /* Extra information if eOperator==WO_AND */
  } u;
  u16 eOperator;          /* A WO_xx value describing <op> */
  u8 wtFlags;             /* TERM_xxx bit flags.  See below */
  u8 nChild;              /* Number of children that must disable us */
  WhereClause *pWC;       /* The clause this term is part of */
  Bitmask prereqRight;    /* Bitmask of tables used by pExpr->pRight */
  Bitmask prereqAll;      /* Bitmask of tables referenced by pExpr */
................................................................................
** There are separate WhereClause objects for the whole clause and for
** the subclauses "(b AND c)" and "(d AND e)".  The pOuter field of the
** subclauses points to the WhereClause object for the whole clause.
*/
struct WhereClause {
  Parse *pParse;           /* The parser context */
  WhereMaskSet *pMaskSet;  /* Mapping of table cursor numbers to bitmasks */
  Bitmask vmask;           /* Bitmask identifying virtual table cursors */
  WhereClause *pOuter;     /* Outer conjunction */
  u8 op;                   /* Split operator.  TK_AND or TK_OR */
  u16 wctrlFlags;          /* Might include WHERE_AND_ONLY */
  int nTerm;               /* Number of terms */
  int nSlot;               /* Number of entries in a[] */
  WhereTerm *a;            /* Each a[] describes a term of the WHERE cluase */
#if defined(SQLITE_SMALL_STACK)
................................................................................
#define WO_LE     (WO_EQ<<(TK_LE-TK_EQ))
#define WO_GT     (WO_EQ<<(TK_GT-TK_EQ))
#define WO_GE     (WO_EQ<<(TK_GE-TK_EQ))
#define WO_MATCH  0x040
#define WO_ISNULL 0x080
#define WO_OR     0x100       /* Two or more OR-connected terms */
#define WO_AND    0x200       /* Two or more AND-connected terms */

#define WO_NOOP   0x800       /* This term does not restrict search space */

#define WO_ALL    0xfff       /* Mask of all possible WO_* values */
#define WO_SINGLE 0x0ff       /* Mask of all non-compound WO_* values */

/*
** Value for wsFlags returned by bestIndex() and stored in
................................................................................
#define WHERE_ROWID_RANGE  0x00002000  /* rowid<EXPR and/or rowid>EXPR */
#define WHERE_COLUMN_EQ    0x00010000  /* x=EXPR or x IN (...) or x IS NULL */
#define WHERE_COLUMN_RANGE 0x00020000  /* x<EXPR and/or x>EXPR */
#define WHERE_COLUMN_IN    0x00040000  /* x IN (...) */
#define WHERE_COLUMN_NULL  0x00080000  /* x IS NULL */
#define WHERE_INDEXED      0x000f0000  /* Anything that uses an index */
#define WHERE_NOT_FULLSCAN 0x100f3000  /* Does not do a full table scan */
#define WHERE_IN_ABLE      0x000f1000  /* Able to support an IN operator */
#define WHERE_TOP_LIMIT    0x00100000  /* x<EXPR or x<=EXPR constraint */
#define WHERE_BTM_LIMIT    0x00200000  /* x>EXPR or x>=EXPR constraint */
#define WHERE_BOTH_LIMIT   0x00300000  /* Both x>EXPR and x<EXPR */
#define WHERE_IDX_ONLY     0x00400000  /* Use index only - omit table */
#define WHERE_ORDERED      0x00800000  /* Output will appear in correct order */
#define WHERE_REVERSE      0x01000000  /* Scan in reverse order */
#define WHERE_UNIQUE       0x02000000  /* Selects no more than one row */
................................................................................
){
  pWC->pParse = pParse;
  pWC->pMaskSet = pMaskSet;
  pWC->pOuter = 0;
  pWC->nTerm = 0;
  pWC->nSlot = ArraySize(pWC->aStatic);
  pWC->a = pWC->aStatic;
  pWC->vmask = 0;
  pWC->wctrlFlags = wctrlFlags;
}

/* Forward reference */
static void whereClauseClear(WhereClause*);

/*
................................................................................
}

/*
** Search for a term in the WHERE clause that is of the form "X <op> <expr>"
** where X is a reference to the iColumn of table iCur and <op> is one of
** the WO_xx operator codes specified by the op parameter.
** Return a pointer to the term.  Return 0 if not found.


















*/
static WhereTerm *findTerm(
  WhereClause *pWC,     /* The WHERE clause to be searched */
  int iCur,             /* Cursor number of LHS */
  int iColumn,          /* Column number of LHS */
  Bitmask notReady,     /* RHS must not overlap with this mask */
  u32 op,               /* Mask of WO_xx values describing operator */
  Index *pIdx           /* Must be compatible with this index, if not NULL */
){
  WhereTerm *pTerm;
  int k;









  assert( iCur>=0 );
  op &= WO_ALL;



  for(; pWC; pWC=pWC->pOuter){
    for(pTerm=pWC->a, k=pWC->nTerm; k; k--, pTerm++){
      if( pTerm->leftCursor==iCur
         && (pTerm->prereqRight & notReady)==0
         && pTerm->u.leftColumn==iColumn


         && (pTerm->eOperator & op)!=0
      ){
        if( iColumn>=0 && pIdx && pTerm->eOperator!=WO_ISNULL ){
          Expr *pX = pTerm->pExpr;

          CollSeq *pColl;
          char idxaff;
          int j;
          Parse *pParse = pWC->pParse;
  


          idxaff = pIdx->pTable->aCol[iColumn].affinity;
          if( !sqlite3IndexAffinityOk(pX, idxaff) ) continue;

  

          /* Figure out the collation sequence required from an index for
          ** it to be useful for optimising expression pX. Store this
          ** value in variable pColl.
          */
          assert(pX->pLeft);
          pColl = sqlite3BinaryCompareCollSeq(pParse, pX->pLeft, pX->pRight);
          if( pColl==0 ) pColl = pParse->db->pDfltColl;
  
          for(j=0; pIdx->aiColumn[j]!=iColumn; j++){
            if( NEVER(j>=pIdx->nColumn) ) return 0;
          }
          if( sqlite3StrICmp(pColl->zName, pIdx->azColl[j]) ) continue;

        }

        return pTerm;

      }







    }




  }









  return 0;
}

/* Forward reference */
static void exprAnalyze(SrcList*, WhereClause*, int);

/*
** Call exprAnalyze on all terms in a WHERE clause.  
................................................................................
**     (B)     x=expr1 OR expr2=x OR x=expr3
**     (C)     t1.x=t2.y OR (t1.x=t2.z AND t1.y=15)
**     (D)     x=expr1 OR (y>11 AND y<22 AND z LIKE '*hello*')
**     (E)     (p.a=1 AND q.b=2 AND r.c=3) OR (p.x=4 AND q.y=5 AND r.z=6)
**
** CASE 1:
**
** If all subterms are of the form T.C=expr for some single column of C
** a single table T (as shown in example B above) then create a new virtual
** term that is an equivalent IN expression.  In other words, if the term
** being analyzed is:
**
**      x = expr1  OR  expr2 = x  OR  x = expr3
**
** then create a new virtual term like this:
................................................................................
  if( db->mallocFailed ) return;
  assert( pOrWc->nTerm>=2 );

  /*
  ** Compute the set of tables that might satisfy cases 1 or 2.
  */
  indexable = ~(Bitmask)0;
  chngToIN = ~(pWC->vmask);
  for(i=pOrWc->nTerm-1, pOrTerm=pOrWc->a; i>=0 && indexable; i--, pOrTerm++){
    if( (pOrTerm->eOperator & WO_SINGLE)==0 ){
      WhereAndInfo *pAndInfo;
      assert( pOrTerm->eOperator==0 );
      assert( (pOrTerm->wtFlags & (TERM_ANDINFO|TERM_ORINFO))==0 );
      chngToIN = 0;
      pAndInfo = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, sizeof(*pAndInfo));
      if( pAndInfo ){
        WhereClause *pAndWC;
        WhereTerm *pAndTerm;
        int j;
................................................................................
      Bitmask b;
      b = getMask(pMaskSet, pOrTerm->leftCursor);
      if( pOrTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL ){
        WhereTerm *pOther = &pOrWc->a[pOrTerm->iParent];
        b |= getMask(pMaskSet, pOther->leftCursor);
      }
      indexable &= b;
      if( pOrTerm->eOperator!=WO_EQ ){
        chngToIN = 0;
      }else{
        chngToIN &= b;
      }
    }
  }

................................................................................
    ** will be recorded in iCursor and iColumn.  There might not be any
    ** such table and column.  Set okToChngToIN if an appropriate table
    ** and column is found but leave okToChngToIN false if not found.
    */
    for(j=0; j<2 && !okToChngToIN; j++){
      pOrTerm = pOrWc->a;
      for(i=pOrWc->nTerm-1; i>=0; i--, pOrTerm++){
        assert( pOrTerm->eOperator==WO_EQ );
        pOrTerm->wtFlags &= ~TERM_OR_OK;
        if( pOrTerm->leftCursor==iCursor ){
          /* This is the 2-bit case and we are on the second iteration and
          ** current term is from the first iteration.  So skip this term. */
          assert( j==1 );
          continue;
        }
................................................................................
        iCursor = pOrTerm->leftCursor;
        break;
      }
      if( i<0 ){
        /* No candidate table+column was found.  This can only occur
        ** on the second iteration */
        assert( j==1 );
        assert( (chngToIN&(chngToIN-1))==0 );
        assert( chngToIN==getMask(pMaskSet, iCursor) );
        break;
      }
      testcase( j==1 );

      /* We have found a candidate table and column.  Check to see if that
      ** table and column is common to every term in the OR clause */
      okToChngToIN = 1;
      for(; i>=0 && okToChngToIN; i--, pOrTerm++){
        assert( pOrTerm->eOperator==WO_EQ );
        if( pOrTerm->leftCursor!=iCursor ){
          pOrTerm->wtFlags &= ~TERM_OR_OK;
        }else if( pOrTerm->u.leftColumn!=iColumn ){
          okToChngToIN = 0;
        }else{
          int affLeft, affRight;
          /* If the right-hand side is also a column, then the affinities
................................................................................
      Expr *pDup;            /* A transient duplicate expression */
      ExprList *pList = 0;   /* The RHS of the IN operator */
      Expr *pLeft = 0;       /* The LHS of the IN operator */
      Expr *pNew;            /* The complete IN operator */

      for(i=pOrWc->nTerm-1, pOrTerm=pOrWc->a; i>=0; i--, pOrTerm++){
        if( (pOrTerm->wtFlags & TERM_OR_OK)==0 ) continue;
        assert( pOrTerm->eOperator==WO_EQ );
        assert( pOrTerm->leftCursor==iCursor );
        assert( pOrTerm->u.leftColumn==iColumn );
        pDup = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pOrTerm->pExpr->pRight, 0);
        pList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pWC->pParse, pList, pDup);
        pLeft = pOrTerm->pExpr->pLeft;
      }
      assert( pLeft!=0 );
................................................................................
        sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pList);
      }
      pTerm->eOperator = WO_NOOP;  /* case 1 trumps case 2 */
    }
  }
}
#endif /* !SQLITE_OMIT_OR_OPTIMIZATION && !SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY */


/*
** The input to this routine is an WhereTerm structure with only the
** "pExpr" field filled in.  The job of this routine is to analyze the
** subexpression and populate all the other fields of the WhereTerm
** structure.
**
................................................................................
    extraRight = x-1;  /* ON clause terms may not be used with an index
                       ** on left table of a LEFT JOIN.  Ticket #3015 */
  }
  pTerm->prereqAll = prereqAll;
  pTerm->leftCursor = -1;
  pTerm->iParent = -1;
  pTerm->eOperator = 0;
  if( allowedOp(op) && (pTerm->prereqRight & prereqLeft)==0 ){
    Expr *pLeft = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pExpr->pLeft);
    Expr *pRight = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pExpr->pRight);

    if( pLeft->op==TK_COLUMN ){
      pTerm->leftCursor = pLeft->iTable;
      pTerm->u.leftColumn = pLeft->iColumn;
      pTerm->eOperator = operatorMask(op);
    }
    if( pRight && pRight->op==TK_COLUMN ){
      WhereTerm *pNew;
      Expr *pDup;

      if( pTerm->leftCursor>=0 ){
        int idxNew;
        pDup = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pExpr, 0);
        if( db->mallocFailed ){
          sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pDup);
          return;
        }
................................................................................
        idxNew = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pDup, TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC);
        if( idxNew==0 ) return;
        pNew = &pWC->a[idxNew];
        pNew->iParent = idxTerm;
        pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];
        pTerm->nChild = 1;
        pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_COPIED;







      }else{
        pDup = pExpr;
        pNew = pTerm;
      }
      exprCommute(pParse, pDup);
      pLeft = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pDup->pLeft);
      pNew->leftCursor = pLeft->iTable;
      pNew->u.leftColumn = pLeft->iColumn;
      testcase( (prereqLeft | extraRight) != prereqLeft );
      pNew->prereqRight = prereqLeft | extraRight;
      pNew->prereqAll = prereqAll;
      pNew->eOperator = operatorMask(pDup->op);
    }
  }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BETWEEN_OPTIMIZATION
  /* If a term is the BETWEEN operator, create two new virtual terms
  ** that define the range that the BETWEEN implements.  For example:
  **
................................................................................
  }
  if( pWC->wctrlFlags & WHERE_AND_ONLY ){
    return;
  }

  /* Search the WHERE clause terms for a usable WO_OR term. */
  for(pTerm=pWC->a; pTerm<pWCEnd; pTerm++){
    if( pTerm->eOperator==WO_OR 
     && ((pTerm->prereqAll & ~maskSrc) & p->notReady)==0
     && (pTerm->u.pOrInfo->indexable & maskSrc)!=0 
    ){
      WhereClause * const pOrWC = &pTerm->u.pOrInfo->wc;
      WhereTerm * const pOrWCEnd = &pOrWC->a[pOrWC->nTerm];
      WhereTerm *pOrTerm;
      int flags = WHERE_MULTI_OR;
................................................................................
      sBOI.pOrderBy = 0;
      sBOI.pDistinct = 0;
      sBOI.ppIdxInfo = 0;
      for(pOrTerm=pOrWC->a; pOrTerm<pOrWCEnd; pOrTerm++){
        WHERETRACE(("... Multi-index OR testing for term %d of %d....\n", 
          (pOrTerm - pOrWC->a), (pTerm - pWC->a)
        ));
        if( pOrTerm->eOperator==WO_AND ){
          sBOI.pWC = &pOrTerm->u.pAndInfo->wc;
          bestIndex(&sBOI);
        }else if( pOrTerm->leftCursor==iCur ){
          WhereClause tempWC;
          tempWC.pParse = pWC->pParse;
          tempWC.pMaskSet = pWC->pMaskSet;
          tempWC.pOuter = pWC;
................................................................................
static int termCanDriveIndex(
  WhereTerm *pTerm,              /* WHERE clause term to check */
  struct SrcList_item *pSrc,     /* Table we are trying to access */
  Bitmask notReady               /* Tables in outer loops of the join */
){
  char aff;
  if( pTerm->leftCursor!=pSrc->iCursor ) return 0;
  if( pTerm->eOperator!=WO_EQ ) return 0;
  if( (pTerm->prereqRight & notReady)!=0 ) return 0;
  aff = pSrc->pTab->aCol[pTerm->u.leftColumn].affinity;
  if( !sqlite3IndexAffinityOk(pTerm->pExpr, aff) ) return 0;
  return 1;
}
#endif

................................................................................

  WHERETRACE(("Recomputing index info for %s...\n", pSrc->pTab->zName));

  /* Count the number of possible WHERE clause constraints referring
  ** to this virtual table */
  for(i=nTerm=0, pTerm=pWC->a; i<pWC->nTerm; i++, pTerm++){
    if( pTerm->leftCursor != pSrc->iCursor ) continue;
    assert( (pTerm->eOperator&(pTerm->eOperator-1))==0 );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator==WO_IN );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator==WO_ISNULL );
    if( pTerm->eOperator & (WO_IN|WO_ISNULL) ) continue;
    if( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL ) continue;
    nTerm++;
  }

  /* If the ORDER BY clause contains only columns in the current 
  ** virtual table then allocate space for the aOrderBy part of
  ** the sqlite3_index_info structure.
................................................................................
  *(int*)&pIdxInfo->nOrderBy = nOrderBy;
  *(struct sqlite3_index_constraint**)&pIdxInfo->aConstraint = pIdxCons;
  *(struct sqlite3_index_orderby**)&pIdxInfo->aOrderBy = pIdxOrderBy;
  *(struct sqlite3_index_constraint_usage**)&pIdxInfo->aConstraintUsage =
                                                                   pUsage;

  for(i=j=0, pTerm=pWC->a; i<pWC->nTerm; i++, pTerm++){

    if( pTerm->leftCursor != pSrc->iCursor ) continue;
    assert( (pTerm->eOperator&(pTerm->eOperator-1))==0 );

    testcase( pTerm->eOperator==WO_IN );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator==WO_ISNULL );
    if( pTerm->eOperator & (WO_IN|WO_ISNULL) ) continue;
    if( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL ) continue;
    pIdxCons[j].iColumn = pTerm->u.leftColumn;
    pIdxCons[j].iTermOffset = i;
    pIdxCons[j].op = (u8)pTerm->eOperator;


    /* The direct assignment in the previous line is possible only because
    ** the WO_ and SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_ codes are identical.  The
    ** following asserts verify this fact. */
    assert( WO_EQ==SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_EQ );
    assert( WO_LT==SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_LT );
    assert( WO_LE==SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_LE );
    assert( WO_GT==SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_GT );
    assert( WO_GE==SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_GE );
    assert( WO_MATCH==SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_MATCH );
    assert( pTerm->eOperator & (WO_EQ|WO_LT|WO_LE|WO_GT|WO_GE|WO_MATCH) );
    j++;
  }
  for(i=0; i<nOrderBy; i++){
    Expr *pExpr = pOrderBy->a[i].pExpr;
    pIdxOrderBy[i].iColumn = pExpr->iColumn;
    pIdxOrderBy[i].desc = pOrderBy->a[i].sortOrder;
  }
................................................................................
  WhereClause *pWC = p->pWC;      /* The WHERE clause */
  struct SrcList_item *pSrc = p->pSrc; /* The FROM clause term to search */
  Table *pTab = pSrc->pTab;
  sqlite3_index_info *pIdxInfo;
  struct sqlite3_index_constraint *pIdxCons;
  struct sqlite3_index_constraint_usage *pUsage;
  WhereTerm *pTerm;
  int i, j;
  int nOrderBy;


  double rCost;

  /* Make sure wsFlags is initialized to some sane value. Otherwise, if the 
  ** malloc in allocateIndexInfo() fails and this function returns leaving
  ** wsFlags in an uninitialized state, the caller may behave unpredictably.
  */
  memset(&p->cost, 0, sizeof(p->cost));
................................................................................
  /* The module name must be defined. Also, by this point there must
  ** be a pointer to an sqlite3_vtab structure. Otherwise
  ** sqlite3ViewGetColumnNames() would have picked up the error. 
  */
  assert( pTab->azModuleArg && pTab->azModuleArg[0] );
  assert( sqlite3GetVTable(pParse->db, pTab) );












  /* Set the aConstraint[].usable fields and initialize all 
  ** output variables to zero.
  **
  ** aConstraint[].usable is true for constraints where the right-hand
  ** side contains only references to tables to the left of the current
  ** table.  In other words, if the constraint is of the form:
  **
  **           column = expr
  **
  ** and we are evaluating a join, then the constraint on column is 
  ** only valid if all tables referenced in expr occur to the left
  ** of the table containing column.
  **
  ** The aConstraints[] array contains entries for all constraints
  ** on the current table.  That way we only have to compute it once
  ** even though we might try to pick the best index multiple times.
  ** For each attempt at picking an index, the order of tables in the
  ** join might be different so we have to recompute the usable flag
  ** each time.
  */
  pIdxCons = *(struct sqlite3_index_constraint**)&pIdxInfo->aConstraint;
  pUsage = pIdxInfo->aConstraintUsage;
  for(i=0; i<pIdxInfo->nConstraint; i++, pIdxCons++){
    j = pIdxCons->iTermOffset;
    pTerm = &pWC->a[j];
    pIdxCons->usable = (pTerm->prereqRight&p->notReady) ? 0 : 1;





  }

  memset(pUsage, 0, sizeof(pUsage[0])*pIdxInfo->nConstraint);
  if( pIdxInfo->needToFreeIdxStr ){
    sqlite3_free(pIdxInfo->idxStr);
  }
  pIdxInfo->idxStr = 0;
  pIdxInfo->idxNum = 0;
  pIdxInfo->needToFreeIdxStr = 0;
  pIdxInfo->orderByConsumed = 0;
  /* ((double)2) In case of SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT... */
  pIdxInfo->estimatedCost = SQLITE_BIG_DBL / ((double)2);
  nOrderBy = pIdxInfo->nOrderBy;
  if( !p->pOrderBy ){
    pIdxInfo->nOrderBy = 0;
  }

  if( vtabBestIndex(pParse, pTab, pIdxInfo) ){
    return;
  }


  pIdxCons = *(struct sqlite3_index_constraint**)&pIdxInfo->aConstraint;
  for(i=0; i<pIdxInfo->nConstraint; i++){
    if( pUsage[i].argvIndex>0 ){


      p->cost.used |= pWC->a[pIdxCons[i].iTermOffset].prereqRight;







    }




  }







  /* If there is an ORDER BY clause, and the selected virtual table index
  ** does not satisfy it, increase the cost of the scan accordingly. This
  ** matches the processing for non-virtual tables in bestBtreeIndex().
  */
  rCost = pIdxInfo->estimatedCost;
  if( p->pOrderBy && pIdxInfo->orderByConsumed==0 ){
    rCost += estLog(rCost)*rCost;
................................................................................
  if( (SQLITE_BIG_DBL/((double)2))<rCost ){
    p->cost.rCost = (SQLITE_BIG_DBL/((double)2));
  }else{
    p->cost.rCost = rCost;
  }
  p->cost.plan.u.pVtabIdx = pIdxInfo;
  if( pIdxInfo->orderByConsumed ){

    p->cost.plan.wsFlags |= WHERE_ORDERED;
    p->cost.plan.nOBSat = nOrderBy;
  }else{
    p->cost.plan.nOBSat = p->i ? p->aLevel[p->i-1].plan.nOBSat : 0;
  }
  p->cost.plan.nEq = 0;
  pIdxInfo->nOrderBy = nOrderBy;

................................................................................
    tRowcnt iUpper = p->aiRowEst[0];
    tRowcnt a[2];
    u8 aff = p->pTable->aCol[p->aiColumn[0]].affinity;

    if( pLower ){
      Expr *pExpr = pLower->pExpr->pRight;
      rc = valueFromExpr(pParse, pExpr, aff, &pRangeVal);
      assert( pLower->eOperator==WO_GT || pLower->eOperator==WO_GE );
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK
       && whereKeyStats(pParse, p, pRangeVal, 0, a)==SQLITE_OK
      ){
        iLower = a[0];
        if( pLower->eOperator==WO_GT ) iLower += a[1];
      }
      sqlite3ValueFree(pRangeVal);
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pUpper ){
      Expr *pExpr = pUpper->pExpr->pRight;
      rc = valueFromExpr(pParse, pExpr, aff, &pRangeVal);
      assert( pUpper->eOperator==WO_LT || pUpper->eOperator==WO_LE );
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK
       && whereKeyStats(pParse, p, pRangeVal, 1, a)==SQLITE_OK
      ){
        iUpper = a[0];
        if( pUpper->eOperator==WO_LE ) iUpper += a[1];
      }
      sqlite3ValueFree(pRangeVal);
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      if( iUpper<=iLower ){
        *pRangeDiv = (double)p->aiRowEst[0];
      }else{
................................................................................

    /* If X is the column in the index and ORDER BY clause, check to see
    ** if there are any X= or X IS NULL constraints in the WHERE clause. */
    pConstraint = findTerm(p->pWC, base, iColumn, p->notReady,
                           WO_EQ|WO_ISNULL|WO_IN, pIdx);
    if( pConstraint==0 ){
      isEq = 0;
    }else if( pConstraint->eOperator==WO_IN ){
      /* Constraints of the form: "X IN ..." cannot be used with an ORDER BY
      ** because we do not know in what order the values on the RHS of the IN
      ** operator will occur. */
      break;
    }else if( pConstraint->eOperator==WO_ISNULL ){
      uniqueNotNull = 0;
      isEq = 1;  /* "X IS NULL" means X has only a single value */
    }else if( pConstraint->prereqRight==0 ){
      isEq = 1;  /* Constraint "X=constant" means X has only a single value */
    }else{
      Expr *pRight = pConstraint->pExpr->pRight;
      if( pRight->op==TK_COLUMN ){
................................................................................
 
    /* If the index being considered is UNIQUE, and there is an equality 
    ** constraint for all columns in the index, then this search will find
    ** at most a single row. In this case set the WHERE_UNIQUE flag to 
    ** indicate this to the caller.
    **
    ** Otherwise, if the search may find more than one row, test to see if
    ** there is a range constraint on indexed column (pc.plan.nEq+1) that can be 
    ** optimized using the index. 
    */
    if( pc.plan.nEq==pProbe->nColumn && pProbe->onError!=OE_None ){
      testcase( pc.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_COLUMN_IN );
      testcase( pc.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_COLUMN_NULL );
      if( (pc.plan.wsFlags & (WHERE_COLUMN_IN|WHERE_COLUMN_NULL))==0 ){
        pc.plan.wsFlags |= WHERE_UNIQUE;
        if( p->i==0 || (p->aLevel[p->i-1].plan.wsFlags & WHERE_ALL_UNIQUE)!=0 ){
................................................................................
    ** to get a better estimate on the number of rows based on
    ** VALUE and how common that value is according to the histogram.
    */
    if( pc.plan.nRow>(double)1 && pc.plan.nEq==1
     && pFirstTerm!=0 && aiRowEst[1]>1 ){
      assert( (pFirstTerm->eOperator & (WO_EQ|WO_ISNULL|WO_IN))!=0 );
      if( pFirstTerm->eOperator & (WO_EQ|WO_ISNULL) ){
        testcase( pFirstTerm->eOperator==WO_EQ );
        testcase( pFirstTerm->eOperator==WO_ISNULL );

        whereEqualScanEst(pParse, pProbe, pFirstTerm->pExpr->pRight,
                          &pc.plan.nRow);
      }else if( bInEst==0 ){
        assert( pFirstTerm->eOperator==WO_IN );
        whereInScanEst(pParse, pProbe, pFirstTerm->pExpr->x.pList,
                       &pc.plan.nRow);
      }
    }
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 */

    /* Adjust the number of output rows and downward to reflect rows
................................................................................
            ** set size by a factor of 3.  Indexed range constraints reduce
            ** the search space by a larger factor: 4.  We make indexed range
            ** more selective intentionally because of the subjective 
            ** observation that indexed range constraints really are more
            ** selective in practice, on average. */
            pc.plan.nRow /= 3;
          }
        }else if( pTerm->eOperator!=WO_NOOP ){
          /* Any other expression lowers the output row count by half */
          pc.plan.nRow /= 2;
        }
      }
      if( pc.plan.nRow<2 ) pc.plan.nRow = 2;
    }

................................................................................
  assert( p->pOrderBy || (p->cost.plan.wsFlags&WHERE_ORDERED)==0 );
  assert( p->cost.plan.u.pIdx==0 || (p->cost.plan.wsFlags&WHERE_ROWID_EQ)==0 );
  assert( pSrc->pIndex==0 
       || p->cost.plan.u.pIdx==0 
       || p->cost.plan.u.pIdx==pSrc->pIndex 
  );

  WHERETRACE(("   best index is: %s\n",
         p->cost.plan.u.pIdx ? p->cost.plan.u.pIdx->zName : "ipk"));

  
  bestOrClauseIndex(p);
  bestAutomaticIndex(p);
  p->cost.plan.wsFlags |= eqTermMask;
}

/*
................................................................................
*/
static void bestIndex(WhereBestIdx *p){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  if( IsVirtual(p->pSrc->pTab) ){
    sqlite3_index_info *pIdxInfo = 0;
    p->ppIdxInfo = &pIdxInfo;
    bestVirtualIndex(p);

    if( pIdxInfo->needToFreeIdxStr ){
      sqlite3_free(pIdxInfo->idxStr);
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(p->pParse->db, pIdxInfo);
  }else
#endif
  {
    bestBtreeIndex(p);
................................................................................
    iReg = iTarget;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, iReg);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
  }else{
    int eType;
    int iTab;
    struct InLoop *pIn;


    assert( pX->op==TK_IN );
    iReg = iTarget;
    eType = sqlite3FindInIndex(pParse, pX, 0);
    iTab = pX->iTable;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iTab, 0);
    assert( pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_IN_ABLE );
    if( pLevel->u.in.nIn==0 ){
      pLevel->addrNxt = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
    }
    pLevel->u.in.nIn++;
    pLevel->u.in.aInLoop =
       sqlite3DbReallocOrFree(pParse->db, pLevel->u.in.aInLoop,
................................................................................
      pIn += pLevel->u.in.nIn - 1;
      pIn->iCur = iTab;
      if( eType==IN_INDEX_ROWID ){
        pIn->addrInTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, iTab, iReg);
      }else{
        pIn->addrInTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iTab, 0, iReg);
      }

      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IsNull, iReg);
    }else{
      pLevel->u.in.nIn = 0;
    }
#endif
  }
  disableTerm(pLevel, pTerm);
................................................................................

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  if(  (pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)!=0 ){
    /* Case 0:  The table is a virtual-table.  Use the VFilter and VNext
    **          to access the data.
    */
    int iReg;   /* P3 Value for OP_VFilter */

    sqlite3_index_info *pVtabIdx = pLevel->plan.u.pVtabIdx;
    int nConstraint = pVtabIdx->nConstraint;
    struct sqlite3_index_constraint_usage *aUsage =
                                                pVtabIdx->aConstraintUsage;
    const struct sqlite3_index_constraint *aConstraint =
                                                pVtabIdx->aConstraint;

    sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);
    iReg = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nConstraint+2);

    for(j=1; j<=nConstraint; j++){
      for(k=0; k<nConstraint; k++){
        if( aUsage[k].argvIndex==j ){

          int iTerm = aConstraint[k].iTermOffset;




          sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pWC->a[iTerm].pExpr->pRight, iReg+j+1);

          break;
        }
      }
      if( k==nConstraint ) break;
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, pVtabIdx->idxNum, iReg);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, j-1, iReg+1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_VFilter, iCur, addrBrk, iReg, pVtabIdx->idxStr,
                      pVtabIdx->needToFreeIdxStr ? P4_MPRINTF : P4_STATIC);
    pVtabIdx->needToFreeIdxStr = 0;
    for(j=0; j<nConstraint; j++){
      if( aUsage[j].omit ){
        int iTerm = aConstraint[j].iTermOffset;
        disableTerm(pLevel, &pWC->a[iTerm]);
      }
................................................................................
    **          we reference multiple rows using a "rowid IN (...)"
    **          construct.
    */
    iReleaseReg = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
    pTerm = findTerm(pWC, iCur, -1, notReady, WO_EQ|WO_IN, 0);
    assert( pTerm!=0 );
    assert( pTerm->pExpr!=0 );
    assert( pTerm->leftCursor==iCur );
    assert( omitTable==0 );
    testcase( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL ); /* EV: R-30575-11662 */
    iRowidReg = codeEqualityTerm(pParse, pTerm, pLevel, iReleaseReg);
    addrNxt = pLevel->addrNxt;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_MustBeInt, iRowidReg, addrNxt);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iCur, addrNxt, iRowidReg);
    sqlite3ExprCacheStore(pParse, iCur, -1, iRowidReg);
................................................................................
    int iRetInit;                             /* Address of regReturn init */
    int untestedTerms = 0;             /* Some terms not completely tested */
    int ii;                            /* Loop counter */
    Expr *pAndExpr = 0;                /* An ".. AND (...)" expression */
   
    pTerm = pLevel->plan.u.pTerm;
    assert( pTerm!=0 );
    assert( pTerm->eOperator==WO_OR );
    assert( (pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_ORINFO)!=0 );
    pOrWc = &pTerm->u.pOrInfo->wc;
    pLevel->op = OP_Return;
    pLevel->p1 = regReturn;

    /* Set up a new SrcList in pOrTab containing the table being scanned
    ** by this loop in the a[0] slot and all notReady tables in a[1..] slots.
................................................................................
      if( pAndExpr ){
        pAndExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_AND, 0, pAndExpr, 0);
      }
    }

    for(ii=0; ii<pOrWc->nTerm; ii++){
      WhereTerm *pOrTerm = &pOrWc->a[ii];
      if( pOrTerm->leftCursor==iCur || pOrTerm->eOperator==WO_AND ){
        WhereInfo *pSubWInfo;          /* Info for single OR-term scan */
        Expr *pOrExpr = pOrTerm->pExpr;
        if( pAndExpr ){
          pAndExpr->pLeft = pOrExpr;
          pOrExpr = pAndExpr;
        }
        /* Loop through table entries that match term pOrTerm. */
................................................................................
  ** the bitmask for all FROM clause terms to the left of the N-th term
  ** is (X-1).   An expression from the ON clause of a LEFT JOIN can use
  ** its Expr.iRightJoinTable value to find the bitmask of the right table
  ** of the join.  Subtracting one from the right table bitmask gives a
  ** bitmask for all tables to the left of the join.  Knowing the bitmask
  ** for all tables to the left of a left join is important.  Ticket #3015.
  **
  ** Configure the WhereClause.vmask variable so that bits that correspond
  ** to virtual table cursors are set. This is used to selectively disable 
  ** the OR-to-IN transformation in exprAnalyzeOrTerm(). It is not helpful 
  ** with virtual tables.
  **
  ** Note that bitmasks are created for all pTabList->nSrc tables in
  ** pTabList, not just the first nTabList tables.  nTabList is normally
  ** equal to pTabList->nSrc but might be shortened to 1 if the
  ** WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY flag is set.
  */
  assert( sWBI.pWC->vmask==0 && pMaskSet->n==0 );
  for(ii=0; ii<pTabList->nSrc; ii++){
    createMask(pMaskSet, pTabList->a[ii].iCursor);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
    if( ALWAYS(pTabList->a[ii].pTab) && IsVirtual(pTabList->a[ii].pTab) ){
      sWBI.pWC->vmask |= ((Bitmask)1 << ii);
    }
#endif
  }
#ifndef NDEBUG
  {
    Bitmask toTheLeft = 0;
    for(ii=0; ii<pTabList->nSrc; ii++){
      Bitmask m = getMask(pMaskSet, pTabList->a[ii].iCursor);
      assert( (m-1)==toTheLeft );
................................................................................
  for(sWBI.i=iFrom=0, pLevel=pWInfo->a; sWBI.i<nTabList; sWBI.i++, pLevel++){
    WhereCost bestPlan;         /* Most efficient plan seen so far */
    Index *pIdx;                /* Index for FROM table at pTabItem */
    int j;                      /* For looping over FROM tables */
    int bestJ = -1;             /* The value of j */
    Bitmask m;                  /* Bitmask value for j or bestJ */
    int isOptimal;              /* Iterator for optimal/non-optimal search */

    int nUnconstrained;         /* Number tables without INDEXED BY */
    Bitmask notIndexed;         /* Mask of tables that cannot use an index */

    memset(&bestPlan, 0, sizeof(bestPlan));
    bestPlan.rCost = SQLITE_BIG_DBL;
    WHERETRACE(("*** Begin search for loop %d ***\n", sWBI.i));

................................................................................
    ** that do not use indices.  But this nRow reduction only happens if the
    ** table really is the innermost join.  
    **
    ** The second loop iteration is only performed if no optimal scan
    ** strategies were found by the first iteration. This second iteration
    ** is used to search for the lowest cost scan overall.
    **
    ** Previous versions of SQLite performed only the second iteration -
    ** the next outermost loop was always that with the lowest overall
    ** cost. However, this meant that SQLite could select the wrong plan
    ** for scripts such as the following:
    **   
    **   CREATE TABLE t1(a, b); 
    **   CREATE TABLE t2(c, d);
    **   SELECT * FROM t2, t1 WHERE t2.rowid = t1.a;
    **
    ** The best strategy is to iterate through table t1 first. However it
    ** is not possible to determine this with a simple greedy algorithm.
................................................................................
    ** Since the cost of a linear scan through table t2 is the same 
    ** as the cost of a linear scan through table t1, a simple greedy 
    ** algorithm may choose to use t2 for the outer loop, which is a much
    ** costlier approach.
    */
    nUnconstrained = 0;
    notIndexed = 0;
    for(isOptimal=(iFrom<nTabList-1); isOptimal>=0 && bestJ<0; isOptimal--){
      for(j=iFrom, sWBI.pSrc=&pTabList->a[j]; j<nTabList; j++, sWBI.pSrc++){
        int doNotReorder;    /* True if this table should not be reordered */
  
        doNotReorder =  (sWBI.pSrc->jointype & (JT_LEFT|JT_CROSS))!=0;
        if( j!=iFrom && doNotReorder ) break;


        m = getMask(pMaskSet, sWBI.pSrc->iCursor);
        if( (m & sWBI.notValid)==0 ){
          if( j==iFrom ) iFrom++;
          continue;






















        }
        sWBI.notReady = (isOptimal ? m : sWBI.notValid);
        if( sWBI.pSrc->pIndex==0 ) nUnconstrained++;
  
        WHERETRACE(("   === trying table %d (%s) with isOptimal=%d ===\n",
                    j, sWBI.pSrc->pTab->zName, isOptimal));
        assert( sWBI.pSrc->pTab );
................................................................................
                  || sWBI.cost.plan.u.pIdx==sWBI.pSrc->pIndex );

        if( isOptimal && (sWBI.cost.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_NOT_FULLSCAN)==0 ){
          notIndexed |= m;
        }
        if( isOptimal ){
          pWInfo->a[j].rOptCost = sWBI.cost.rCost;
        }else if( iFrom<nTabList-1 ){
          /* If two or more tables have nearly the same outer loop cost,
          ** very different inner loop (optimal) cost, we want to choose
          ** for the outer loop that table which benefits the least from
          ** being in the inner loop.  The following code scales the 
          ** outer loop cost estimate to accomplish that. */
          WHERETRACE(("   scaling cost from %.1f to %.1f\n",
                      sWBI.cost.rCost,
                      sWBI.cost.rCost/pWInfo->a[j].rOptCost));
................................................................................
                      "       cost=%.1f, nRow=%.1f, nOBSat=%d, wsFlags=%08x\n",
                      j, sWBI.pSrc->pTab->zName,
                      sWBI.cost.rCost, sWBI.cost.plan.nRow,
                      sWBI.cost.plan.nOBSat, sWBI.cost.plan.wsFlags));
          bestPlan = sWBI.cost;
          bestJ = j;
        }
        if( doNotReorder ) break;





      }
    }
    assert( bestJ>=0 );
    assert( sWBI.notValid & getMask(pMaskSet, pTabList->a[bestJ].iCursor) );




    WHERETRACE(("*** Optimizer selects table %d (%s) for loop %d with:\n"
                "    cost=%.1f, nRow=%.1f, nOBSat=%d, wsFlags=0x%08x\n",
                bestJ, pTabList->a[bestJ].pTab->zName,
                pLevel-pWInfo->a, bestPlan.rCost, bestPlan.plan.nRow,
                bestPlan.plan.nOBSat, bestPlan.plan.wsFlags));
    if( (bestPlan.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_DISTINCT)!=0 ){
      assert( pWInfo->eDistinct==0 );
................................................................................
    }
    if( pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_IN_ABLE && pLevel->u.in.nIn>0 ){
      struct InLoop *pIn;
      int j;
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, pLevel->addrNxt);
      for(j=pLevel->u.in.nIn, pIn=&pLevel->u.in.aInLoop[j-1]; j>0; j--, pIn--){
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, pIn->addrInTop+1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, pIn->iCur, pIn->addrInTop);
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, pIn->addrInTop-1);
      }
      sqlite3DbFree(db, pLevel->u.in.aInLoop);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, pLevel->addrBrk);
    if( pLevel->iLeftJoin ){
      int addr;
................................................................................
  sqlite3ParserTOKENTYPE yy0;
  struct LimitVal yy64;
  Expr* yy122;
  Select* yy159;
  IdList* yy180;
  struct {int value; int mask;} yy207;
  u8 yy258;

  struct LikeOp yy318;
  TriggerStep* yy327;
  ExprSpan yy342;
  SrcList* yy347;
  int yy392;
  struct TrigEvent yy410;
  ExprList* yy442;
................................................................................
      case 31: /* temp ::= */ yytestcase(yyruleno==31);
      case 69: /* autoinc ::= */ yytestcase(yyruleno==69);
      case 82: /* defer_subclause ::= NOT DEFERRABLE init_deferred_pred_opt */ yytestcase(yyruleno==82);
      case 84: /* init_deferred_pred_opt ::= */ yytestcase(yyruleno==84);
      case 86: /* init_deferred_pred_opt ::= INITIALLY IMMEDIATE */ yytestcase(yyruleno==86);
      case 98: /* defer_subclause_opt ::= */ yytestcase(yyruleno==98);
      case 109: /* ifexists ::= */ yytestcase(yyruleno==109);
      case 120: /* distinct ::= ALL */ yytestcase(yyruleno==120);
      case 121: /* distinct ::= */ yytestcase(yyruleno==121);
      case 221: /* between_op ::= BETWEEN */ yytestcase(yyruleno==221);
      case 224: /* in_op ::= IN */ yytestcase(yyruleno==224);
{yygotominor.yy392 = 0;}
        break;
      case 29: /* ifnotexists ::= IF NOT EXISTS */
      case 30: /* temp ::= TEMP */ yytestcase(yyruleno==30);
      case 70: /* autoinc ::= AUTOINCR */ yytestcase(yyruleno==70);
      case 85: /* init_deferred_pred_opt ::= INITIALLY DEFERRED */ yytestcase(yyruleno==85);
      case 108: /* ifexists ::= IF EXISTS */ yytestcase(yyruleno==108);
      case 119: /* distinct ::= DISTINCT */ yytestcase(yyruleno==119);
      case 222: /* between_op ::= NOT BETWEEN */ yytestcase(yyruleno==222);
      case 225: /* in_op ::= NOT IN */ yytestcase(yyruleno==225);
{yygotominor.yy392 = 1;}
        break;
      case 32: /* create_table_args ::= LP columnlist conslist_opt RP */
{
  sqlite3EndTable(pParse,&yymsp[-1].minor.yy0,&yymsp[0].minor.yy0,0);
................................................................................
}
        break;
      case 116: /* multiselect_op ::= UNION ALL */
{yygotominor.yy392 = TK_ALL;}
        break;
      case 118: /* oneselect ::= SELECT distinct selcollist from where_opt groupby_opt having_opt orderby_opt limit_opt */
{
  yygotominor.yy159 = sqlite3SelectNew(pParse,yymsp[-6].minor.yy442,yymsp[-5].minor.yy347,yymsp[-4].minor.yy122,yymsp[-3].minor.yy442,yymsp[-2].minor.yy122,yymsp[-1].minor.yy442,yymsp[-7].minor.yy392,yymsp[0].minor.yy64.pLimit,yymsp[0].minor.yy64.pOffset);
}







        break;
      case 122: /* sclp ::= selcollist COMMA */
      case 246: /* idxlist_opt ::= LP idxlist RP */ yytestcase(yyruleno==246);
{yygotominor.yy442 = yymsp[-1].minor.yy442;}
        break;
      case 123: /* sclp ::= */
      case 151: /* orderby_opt ::= */ yytestcase(yyruleno==151);
................................................................................
    yygotominor.yy347 = sqlite3SrcListAppendFromTerm(pParse,yymsp[-6].minor.yy347,0,0,&yymsp[-2].minor.yy0,yymsp[-4].minor.yy159,yymsp[-1].minor.yy122,yymsp[0].minor.yy180);
  }
        break;
      case 136: /* seltablist ::= stl_prefix LP seltablist RP as on_opt using_opt */
{
    if( yymsp[-6].minor.yy347==0 && yymsp[-2].minor.yy0.n==0 && yymsp[-1].minor.yy122==0 && yymsp[0].minor.yy180==0 ){
      yygotominor.yy347 = yymsp[-4].minor.yy347;










    }else{
      Select *pSubquery;
      sqlite3SrcListShiftJoinType(yymsp[-4].minor.yy347);
      pSubquery = sqlite3SelectNew(pParse,0,yymsp[-4].minor.yy347,0,0,0,0,0,0,0);
      yygotominor.yy347 = sqlite3SrcListAppendFromTerm(pParse,yymsp[-6].minor.yy347,0,0,&yymsp[-2].minor.yy0,pSubquery,yymsp[-1].minor.yy122,yymsp[0].minor.yy180);
    }
  }
        break;
      case 137: /* dbnm ::= */
      case 146: /* indexed_opt ::= */ yytestcase(yyruleno==146);
{yygotominor.yy0.z=0; yygotominor.yy0.n=0;}
................................................................................
      case 196: /* expr ::= ID LP distinct exprlist RP */
{
  if( yymsp[-1].minor.yy442 && yymsp[-1].minor.yy442->nExpr>pParse->db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_FUNCTION_ARG] ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "too many arguments on function %T", &yymsp[-4].minor.yy0);
  }
  yygotominor.yy342.pExpr = sqlite3ExprFunction(pParse, yymsp[-1].minor.yy442, &yymsp[-4].minor.yy0);
  spanSet(&yygotominor.yy342,&yymsp[-4].minor.yy0,&yymsp[0].minor.yy0);
  if( yymsp[-2].minor.yy392 && yygotominor.yy342.pExpr ){
    yygotominor.yy342.pExpr->flags |= EP_Distinct;
  }
}
        break;
      case 197: /* expr ::= ID LP STAR RP */
{
  yygotominor.yy342.pExpr = sqlite3ExprFunction(pParse, 0, &yymsp[-3].minor.yy0);
................................................................................
** This ensures that each node is stored on a single database page. If the 
** database page-size is so large that more than RTREE_MAXCELLS entries 
** would fit in a single node, use a smaller node-size.
*/
static int getNodeSize(
  sqlite3 *db,                    /* Database handle */
  Rtree *pRtree,                  /* Rtree handle */
  int isCreate                    /* True for xCreate, false for xConnect */

){
  int rc;
  char *zSql;
  if( isCreate ){
    int iPageSize = 0;
    zSql = sqlite3_mprintf("PRAGMA %Q.page_size", pRtree->zDb);
    rc = getIntFromStmt(db, zSql, &iPageSize);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      pRtree->iNodeSize = iPageSize-64;
      if( (4+pRtree->nBytesPerCell*RTREE_MAXCELLS)<pRtree->iNodeSize ){
        pRtree->iNodeSize = 4+pRtree->nBytesPerCell*RTREE_MAXCELLS;
      }


    }
  }else{
    zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(
        "SELECT length(data) FROM '%q'.'%q_node' WHERE nodeno = 1",
        pRtree->zDb, pRtree->zName
    );
    rc = getIntFromStmt(db, zSql, &pRtree->iNodeSize);



  }

  sqlite3_free(zSql);
  return rc;
}

/* 
................................................................................
  pRtree->nDim = (argc-4)/2;
  pRtree->nBytesPerCell = 8 + pRtree->nDim*4*2;
  pRtree->eCoordType = eCoordType;
  memcpy(pRtree->zDb, argv[1], nDb);
  memcpy(pRtree->zName, argv[2], nName);

  /* Figure out the node size to use. */
  rc = getNodeSize(db, pRtree, isCreate);

  /* Create/Connect to the underlying relational database schema. If
  ** that is successful, call sqlite3_declare_vtab() to configure
  ** the r-tree table schema.
  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( (rc = rtreeSqlInit(pRtree, db, argv[1], argv[2], isCreate)) ){


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1046
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8245
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10025
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10054
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10566
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10582
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10853
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33807
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56897
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56975
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57332
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58607
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.....
58729
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.....
58950
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59085
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.....
60111
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60123
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60353
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.....
60645
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60767
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.....
60810
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.....
61051
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61064
61065
.....
64807
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64821
.....
70139
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.....
71916
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.....
72670
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.....
72754
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72784
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72788
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72794
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72800
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72802

72803
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72810
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72814
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72827

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72846
.....
73167
73168
73169
73170
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73181
.....
73603
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73610
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.....
73629
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73650
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.....
76784
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76789
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76799
.....
77131
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77133
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.....
83256
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83259
83260
83261
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83263
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83268
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83271
.....
83283
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83294
83295
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.....
84501
84502
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84510
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84519
84520
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84522
84523
84524
84525
84526
84527
.....
87500
87501
87502
87503
87504
87505
87506
87507
87508
87509
87510
87511
87512
87513
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87516
.....
87566
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87569
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87571
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87573
87574
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87579
87580
87581
.....
87623
87624
87625
87626
87627
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87629
87630
87631
87632
87633
87634
87635
87636
87637
.....
87659
87660
87661
87662
87663
87664
87665
87666
87667
87668
87669
87670
87671
87672
87673
.....
87756
87757
87758
87759
87760
87761
87762
87763
87764
87765
87766
87767
87768
87769
87770
87771
87772
.....
87907
87908
87909
87910
87911
87912
87913
87914
87915
87916
87917
87918
87919
87920
87921
87922
.....
88148
88149
88150
88151
88152
88153
88154
88155
88156
88157
88158
88159
88160
88161
88162
88163
.....
88219
88220
88221
88222
88223
88224
88225
88226
88227
88228
88229
88230
88231
88232
88233
.....
88299
88300
88301
88302
88303
88304
88305
88306
88307
88308
88309
88310
88311
88312
88313
.....
88354
88355
88356
88357
88358
88359
88360
88361
88362
88363
88364
88365
88366
88367
88368
.....
88480
88481
88482
88483
88484
88485
88486
88487
88488
88489
88490
88491
88492
88493
88494
.....
89953
89954
89955
89956
89957
89958
89959
89960
89961
89962
89963
89964
89965
89966
89967
.....
89993
89994
89995
89996
89997
89998
89999
90000
90001
90002
90003
90004
90005
90006
90007
90008
.....
90025
90026
90027
90028
90029
90030
90031
90032
90033
90034
90035
90036
90037
90038
90039
90040
.....
90153
90154
90155
90156
90157
90158
90159
90160
90161
90162
90163
90164
90165
90166
90167
90168
.....
90562
90563
90564
90565
90566
90567
90568
90569
90570
90571
90572
90573
90574
90575
90576
90577
.....
91020
91021
91022
91023
91024
91025
91026
91027
91028
91029
91030
91031
91032
91033
91034
91035
91036
91037
91038
91039
91040
91041
91042
91043
91044
91045
91046
91047
.....
91237
91238
91239
91240
91241
91242
91243
91244
91245
91246
91247
91248
91249
91250
91251
91252
91253
91254
91255
91256
91257
91258
91259
91260
91261
91262
91263
91264
.....
92086
92087
92088
92089
92090
92091
92092
92093
92094
92095
92096
92097
92098
92099
92100
92101
92102
.....
92853
92854
92855
92856
92857
92858
92859
92860
92861
92862
92863
92864
92865
92866
92867
92868
92869
92870
92871
92872
92873
92874
.....
92883
92884
92885
92886
92887
92888
92889
92890
92891
92892
92893
92894
92895
92896
92897

92898
92899
92900
92901
92902
92903
92904
.....
92906
92907
92908
92909
92910
92911
92912
92913
92914
92915
92916
92917
92918
92919
92920
.....
92933
92934
92935
92936
92937
92938
92939
92940
92941
92942
92943
92944
92945
92946
92947
.....
92997
92998
92999
93000
93001
93002
93003
93004
93005
93006
93007
93008
93009
93010
93011
.....
93028
93029
93030
93031
93032
93033
93034
93035
93036
93037
93038
93039
93040
93041
93042
93043
93044
93045
93046
93047
93048
93049
93050
93051
93052
93053
93054
93055
93056
93057
93058
93059
93060
93061
93062
93063
93064
93065
93066
93067
93068
93069
93070
93071
93072
93073
93074
93075
93076
93077
93078
93079
93080
93081
93082
93083
93084
93085
93086
93087
93088
93089
93090
93091
93092
93093
93094
93095
93096
93097
93098
93099
93100
93101
93102
93103
93104
93105
93106
93107
93108
93109
93110
93111
93112
93113
93114
93115
93116
93117
93118
93119
93120
93121
93122
93123
93124
93125
93126
93127
93128
93129
93130
93131
93132
93133
93134
93135
93136
93137
93138
93139
93140
93141
93142
93143
93144
93145
93146
93147
93148
93149
93150
93151
93152
93153
93154
93155
.....
93642
93643
93644
93645
93646
93647
93648
93649
93650
93651
93652
93653
93654
93655
93656
.....
94601
94602
94603
94604
94605
94606
94607
94608
94609
94610
94611
94612
94613
94614
94615
.....
94625
94626
94627
94628
94629
94630
94631
94632
94633
94634
94635
94636
94637
94638
94639
.....
95882
95883
95884
95885
95886
95887
95888


95889
95890
95891
95892
95893
95894
95895
.....
95919
95920
95921
95922
95923
95924
95925
95926
95927
95928
95929
95930
95931
95932
95933
95934
95935
.....
96253
96254
96255
96256
96257
96258
96259
96260
96261
96262
96263
96264
96265
96266
96267
96268
.....
97511
97512
97513
97514
97515
97516
97517
97518
97519
97520
97521
97522
97523
97524
97525
97526
97527
97528
97529
97530
97531
97532
97533
.....
97712
97713
97714
97715
97716
97717
97718
97719
97720
97721
97722
97723
97724
97725
97726
97727
97728
97729
97730
97731
97732
97733
97734
97735
97736
97737
97738
97739
97740
97741
97742
97743
97744
97745
97746
97747
97748
97749
97750
97751
97752
97753
97754
97755
97756
97757
97758
97759
97760
97761
97762
.....
97843
97844
97845
97846
97847
97848
97849
97850
97851
97852
97853
97854
97855
97856
97857
97858
97859

97860
97861
97862
97863
97864
97865
97866
.....
97895
97896
97897
97898
97899
97900
97901
97902
97903
97904
97905
97906
97907
97908
97909
97910
97911
97912
97913
97914
.....
97936
97937
97938
97939
97940
97941
97942
97943
97944
97945
97946
97947
97948
97949
97950
.....
97954
97955
97956
97957
97958
97959
97960
97961
97962
97963
97964
97965
97966
97967
97968
97969
97970
97971
97972
97973
97974
97975
97976
97977
97978
97979
.....
97980
97981
97982
97983
97984
97985
97986
97987
97988
97989
97990
97991


97992
97993
97994
97995
97996
97997
97998
97999
98000
98001
98002
98003
98004
98005
98006
98007

98008
98009
98010
98011

98012
98013
98014
98015
98016
98017
98018
98019
98020
98021
98022
98023
98024
98025
98026
98027
98028
98029
98030
98031
98032
98033
98034
98035
98036
98037
98038
98039
.....
98048
98049
98050
98051
98052
98053
98054
98055
98056
98057
98058
98059
98060
98061
98062
98063
98064
98065
98066
98067
98068
98069
98070
98071
98072
98073
98074
98075
98076
98077
98078
98079
98080
98081
98082
98083
98084
98085
98086
98087
98088
.....
98213
98214
98215
98216
98217
98218
98219
98220
98221
98222
98223
98224
98225
98226
98227
.....
99133
99134
99135
99136
99137
99138
99139
99140
99141
99142
99143
99144
99145
99146
99147
99148
99149


99150
99151
99152
99153
99154
99155
99156
99157
.....
99299
99300
99301
99302
99303
99304
99305
99306
99307
99308
99309
99310
99311
99312
99313
99314
99315
99316
......
102879
102880
102881
102882
102883
102884
102885
102886
102887
102888
102889
102890
102891
102892
102893
102894
......
102921
102922
102923
102924
102925
102926
102927

102928
102929
102930
102931
102932
102933
102934
......
103007
103008
103009
103010
103011
103012
103013
103014
103015
103016
103017
103018
103019
103020
103021
......
103034
103035
103036
103037
103038
103039
103040
103041
103042
103043
103044
103045
103046
103047
103048
......
103097
103098
103099
103100
103101
103102
103103

103104
103105
103106
103107
103108
103109
103110
......
103409
103410
103411
103412
103413
103414
103415
103416
103417
103418
103419
103420
103421
103422
103423
103424
103425
103426
103427
103428
103429
103430
103431
103432
103433
103434
103435
103436
103437
103438
103439
103440
103441
103442
103443
103444
103445
103446
103447
103448
103449
103450
103451
103452
103453
103454

103455
103456
103457
103458
103459
103460

103461
103462
103463
103464
103465


103466
103467
103468


103469
103470
103471
103472
103473
103474
103475
103476
103477
103478
103479
103480
103481
103482
103483
103484
103485
103486
103487
103488
103489
103490
103491
103492
103493
103494
103495
103496
103497
103498
103499
103500
103501
103502
103503
103504
103505
103506
103507
103508
103509
103510
103511
103512
103513
103514
103515
103516
103517
103518
103519
103520
103521
103522
103523
103524
......
103696
103697
103698
103699
103700
103701
103702
103703
103704
103705
103706
103707
103708
103709
103710
......
103784
103785
103786
103787
103788
103789
103790
103791
103792
103793
103794

103795
103796
103797
103798
103799
103800
103801
......
103826
103827
103828
103829
103830
103831
103832
103833
103834
103835
103836
103837
103838
103839
103840
......
103877
103878
103879
103880
103881
103882
103883
103884
103885
103886
103887
103888
103889
103890
103891
......
103903
103904
103905
103906
103907
103908
103909
103910
103911
103912
103913
103914
103915
103916
103917
103918
103919
103920
103921
103922
103923
103924
103925
103926
103927
......
103949
103950
103951
103952
103953
103954
103955
103956
103957
103958
103959
103960
103961
103962
103963
......
103978
103979
103980
103981
103982
103983
103984

103985
103986
103987
103988
103989
103990
103991
......
104047
104048
104049
104050
104051
104052
104053
104054
104055
104056
104057
104058
104059
104060
104061
104062
104063
104064
104065
104066
104067
104068
104069
104070
104071
104072
104073
......
104074
104075
104076
104077
104078
104079
104080
104081
104082
104083
104084
104085
104086
104087
104088
104089
104090
104091
104092
104093
104094
104095
104096
104097
104098
104099
104100
104101
104102
104103
104104
104105
104106
......
104551
104552
104553
104554
104555
104556
104557
104558
104559
104560
104561
104562
104563
104564
104565
......
104572
104573
104574
104575
104576
104577
104578
104579
104580
104581
104582
104583
104584
104585
104586
......
104633
104634
104635
104636
104637
104638
104639
104640
104641
104642
104643
104644
104645
104646
104647
......
104895
104896
104897
104898
104899
104900
104901
104902
104903
104904
104905
104906
104907
104908
104909
104910
104911
104912
......
104946
104947
104948
104949
104950
104951
104952
104953
104954

104955
104956
104957
104958
104959
104960
104961
104962
104963
104964
104965
104966
104967
104968
104969
104970
104971
104972
104973
104974
104975
104976
104977
104978
104979
104980
104981
......
105051
105052
105053
105054
105055
105056
105057
105058
105059
105060
105061
105062
105063
105064
105065
105066
105067
105068
......
105089
105090
105091
105092
105093
105094
105095
105096
105097
105098
105099
105100
105101
105102
105103
105104
105105
105106
105107
105108
105109
105110
105111
105112
105113
105114
105115
105116
105117
105118
105119
105120
105121
105122
105123
105124
105125
105126
105127
105128
105129
105130
105131
105132
105133
105134
105135
105136
105137
105138
105139
105140
105141
105142
105143
105144
105145
105146
105147
105148
105149
105150
105151
105152
105153
105154
105155
105156
105157
105158
105159
105160
105161
105162
105163
105164
105165
105166
105167
105168
105169
105170
105171
105172
105173
105174
105175
105176
105177
105178
105179
105180
105181
105182
105183
105184
105185
105186
105187
105188
105189
105190
105191
105192
......
105202
105203
105204
105205
105206
105207
105208
105209
105210
105211
105212
105213
105214
105215
105216
105217
......
105474
105475
105476
105477
105478
105479
105480
105481
105482
105483
105484
105485
105486
105487
105488
105489
105490
105491
105492
105493
105494
105495
105496
105497
105498
105499
105500
105501
105502
105503
105504
105505
......
105799
105800
105801
105802
105803
105804
105805
105806
105807



105808
105809
105810
105811
105812
105813
105814
105815
......
106104
106105
106106
106107
106108
106109
106110
106111
106112
106113
106114
106115
106116
106117
106118
106119
......
106214
106215
106216
106217
106218
106219
106220
106221
106222
106223
106224
106225
106226
106227
106228
106229
106230
106231
106232
106233
106234
......
106367
106368
106369
106370
106371
106372
106373
106374
106375
106376
106377
106378
106379
106380
106381
......
106419
106420
106421
106422
106423
106424
106425
106426
106427
106428
106429
106430
106431
106432
106433
106434
106435
......
106446
106447
106448
106449
106450
106451
106452
106453
106454
106455
106456
106457
106458
106459
106460
106461
......
106571
106572
106573
106574
106575
106576
106577
106578
106579
106580
106581
106582
106583
106584
106585
106586
106587
106588
106589
106590
106591
......
106595
106596
106597
106598
106599
106600
106601
106602
106603
106604
106605
106606
106607
106608
106609
......
106950
106951
106952
106953
106954
106955
106956
106957
106958
106959
106960
106961
106962
106963
106964
106965
106966
106967
106968
106969
106970
106971
106972
106973
106974
106975
106976
106977
106978
106979
106980
106981
106982
106983
106984
106985
106986
106987
106988
106989
106990
106991
106992
106993
......
107006
107007
107008
107009
107010
107011
107012

107013
107014
107015
107016
107017
107018
107019
......
107396
107397
107398
107399
107400
107401
107402
107403
107404
107405
107406
107407
107408
107409
107410
......
107469
107470
107471
107472
107473
107474
107475
107476
107477
107478
107479
107480
107481
107482
107483
......
107847
107848
107849
107850
107851
107852
107853





107854
107855
107856
107857
107858

107859
107860





107861
107862
107863
107864
107865
107866
107867
......
107913
107914
107915
107916
107917
107918
107919
107920
107921
107922
107923
107924
107925
107926
107927
......
107948
107949
107950
107951
107952
107953
107954
107955
107956


107957
107958
107959
107960
107961
107962
107963
......
107964
107965
107966
107967
107968
107969
107970
107971
107972
107973
107974
107975
107976
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107998
107999
108000
108001
108002
108003
108004
108005
108006
108007
108008
108009
108010
108011
......
108027
108028
108029
108030
108031
108032
108033
108034
108035
108036
108037
108038
108039
108040
108041
108042
......
108073
108074
108075
108076
108077
108078
108079

108080
108081
108082
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108084
108085
108086
108087
108088
108089
108090
108091
108092
108093
108094
108095
108096
108097
108098
108099
......
108337
108338
108339
108340
108341
108342
108343
108344
108345
108346
108347
108348
108349
108350
108351
......
108645
108646
108647
108648
108649
108650
108651
108652
108653
108654
108655
108656
108657
108658
108659
......
110596
110597
110598
110599
110600
110601
110602


110603
110604
110605
110606
110607
110608
110609
110610
110611

110612
110613
110614
110615
110616
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110618
......
110844
110845
110846
110847
110848
110849
110850
110851
110852
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110854
110855
110856
110857
110858
110859
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110862
110863
110864
110865
110866
......
110922
110923
110924
110925
110926
110927
110928
110929
110930
110931
110932
110933
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110935
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110938
110939
110940
110941
110942
110943
110944
110945
110946
110947
110948
110949
......
111168
111169
111170
111171
111172
111173
111174
111175
111176
111177
111178
111179
111180
111181
111182
......
136815
136816
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136851
136852
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136854
......
136904
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/******************************************************************************
** This file is an amalgamation of many separate C source files from SQLite
** version 3.7.16.  By combining all the individual C code files into this 
** single large file, the entire code can be compiled as a single translation
** unit.  This allows many compilers to do optimizations that would not be
** possible if the files were compiled separately.  Performance improvements
** of 5% or more are commonly seen when SQLite is compiled as a single
** translation unit.
**
** This file is all you need to compile SQLite.  To use SQLite in other
................................................................................
** string contains the date and time of the check-in (UTC) and an SHA1
** hash of the entire source tree.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.7.16"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3007016
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2013-02-15 04:21:01 843e1c543aabab8cd62f28742d5818887d36bcb7"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_NOTEMPDIR      (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_ISDIR          (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_FULLPATH       (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (3<<8))
#define SQLITE_CORRUPT_VTAB            (SQLITE_CORRUPT | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_READONLY_RECOVERY       (SQLITE_READONLY | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_READONLY_CANTLOCK       (SQLITE_READONLY | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_ABORT_ROLLBACK          (SQLITE_ABORT | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_CHECK        (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_COMMITHOOK   (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FOREIGNKEY   (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (3<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FUNCTION     (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (4<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_NOTNULL      (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (5<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_PRIMARYKEY   (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (6<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_TRIGGER      (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (7<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_UNIQUE       (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (8<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_VTAB         (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (9<<8))

/*
** CAPI3REF: Flags For File Open Operations
**
** These bit values are intended for use in the
** 3rd parameter to the [sqlite3_open_v2()] interface and
** in the 4th parameter to the [sqlite3_vfs.xOpen] method.
................................................................................

/*
** A convenience macro that returns the number of elements in
** an array.
*/
#define ArraySize(X)    ((int)(sizeof(X)/sizeof(X[0])))

/*
** Determine if the argument is a power of two
*/
#define IsPowerOfTwo(X) (((X)&((X)-1))==0)

/*
** The following value as a destructor means to use sqlite3DbFree().
** The sqlite3DbFree() routine requires two parameters instead of the 
** one parameter that destructors normally want.  So we have to introduce 
** this magic value that the code knows to handle differently.  Any 
** pointer will work here as long as it is distinct from SQLITE_STATIC
** and SQLITE_TRANSIENT.
................................................................................
                                          /*   DELETE, or UPDATE and return */
                                          /*   the count using a callback. */
#define SQLITE_NullCallback   0x00000020  /* Invoke the callback once if the */
                                          /*   result set is empty */
#define SQLITE_SqlTrace       0x00000040  /* Debug print SQL as it executes */
#define SQLITE_VdbeListing    0x00000080  /* Debug listings of VDBE programs */
#define SQLITE_WriteSchema    0x00000100  /* OK to update SQLITE_MASTER */
#define SQLITE_VdbeAddopTrace 0x00000200  /* Trace sqlite3VdbeAddOp() calls */
#define SQLITE_IgnoreChecks   0x00000400  /* Do not enforce check constraints */
#define SQLITE_ReadUncommitted 0x0000800  /* For shared-cache mode */
#define SQLITE_LegacyFileFmt  0x00001000  /* Create new databases in format 1 */
#define SQLITE_FullFSync      0x00002000  /* Use full fsync on the backend */
#define SQLITE_CkptFullFSync  0x00004000  /* Use full fsync for checkpoint */
#define SQLITE_RecoveryMode   0x00008000  /* Ignore schema errors */
#define SQLITE_ReverseOrder   0x00010000  /* Reverse unordered SELECTs */
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_GroupByOrder   0x0004   /* GROUPBY cover of ORDERBY */
#define SQLITE_FactorOutConst 0x0008   /* Constant factoring */
#define SQLITE_IdxRealAsInt   0x0010   /* Store REAL as INT in indices */
#define SQLITE_DistinctOpt    0x0020   /* DISTINCT using indexes */
#define SQLITE_CoverIdxScan   0x0040   /* Covering index scans */
#define SQLITE_OrderByIdxJoin 0x0080   /* ORDER BY of joins via index */
#define SQLITE_SubqCoroutine  0x0100   /* Evaluate subqueries as coroutines */
#define SQLITE_Transitive     0x0200   /* Transitive constraints */
#define SQLITE_AllOpts        0xffff   /* All optimizations */

/*
** Macros for testing whether or not optimizations are enabled or disabled.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST
#define OptimizationDisabled(db, mask)  (((db)->dbOptFlags&(mask))!=0)
................................................................................
** must be unique and what to do if they are not.  When Index.onError=OE_None,
** it means this is not a unique index.  Otherwise it is a unique index
** and the value of Index.onError indicate the which conflict resolution 
** algorithm to employ whenever an attempt is made to insert a non-unique
** element.
*/
struct Index {
  char *zName;             /* Name of this index */
  int *aiColumn;           /* Which columns are used by this index.  1st is 0 */
  tRowcnt *aiRowEst;       /* From ANALYZE: Est. rows selected by each column */
  Table *pTable;           /* The SQL table being indexed */
  char *zColAff;           /* String defining the affinity of each column */
  Index *pNext;            /* The next index associated with the same table */
  Schema *pSchema;         /* Schema containing this index */
  u8 *aSortOrder;          /* for each column: True==DESC, False==ASC */
  char **azColl;           /* Array of collation sequence names for index */

  int tnum;                /* DB Page containing root of this index */
  u16 nColumn;             /* Number of columns in table used by this index */
  u8 onError;              /* OE_Abort, OE_Ignore, OE_Replace, or OE_None */
  unsigned autoIndex:2;    /* 1==UNIQUE, 2==PRIMARY KEY, 0==CREATE INDEX */
  unsigned bUnordered:1;   /* Use this index for == or IN queries only */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
  int nSample;             /* Number of elements in aSample[] */
  tRowcnt avgEq;           /* Average nEq value for key values not in aSample */
  IndexSample *aSample;    /* Samples of the left-most key */
#endif
};

................................................................................
/*
** A list of expressions.  Each expression may optionally have a
** name.  An expr/name combination can be used in several ways, such
** as the list of "expr AS ID" fields following a "SELECT" or in the
** list of "ID = expr" items in an UPDATE.  A list of expressions can
** also be used as the argument to a function, in which case the a.zName
** field is not used.
**
** By default the Expr.zSpan field holds a human-readable description of
** the expression that is used in the generation of error messages and
** column labels.  In this case, Expr.zSpan is typically the text of a
** column expression as it exists in a SELECT statement.  However, if
** the bSpanIsTab flag is set, then zSpan is overloaded to mean the name
** of the result column in the form: DATABASE.TABLE.COLUMN.  This later
** form is used for name resolution with nested FROM clauses.
*/
struct ExprList {
  int nExpr;             /* Number of expressions on the list */
  int iECursor;          /* VDBE Cursor associated with this ExprList */
  struct ExprList_item { /* For each expression in the list */
    Expr *pExpr;            /* The list of expressions */
    char *zName;            /* Token associated with this expression */
    char *zSpan;            /* Original text of the expression */
    u8 sortOrder;           /* 1 for DESC or 0 for ASC */
    unsigned done :1;       /* A flag to indicate when processing is finished */
    unsigned bSpanIsTab :1; /* zSpan holds DB.TABLE.COLUMN */
    u16 iOrderByCol;        /* For ORDER BY, column number in result set */
    u16 iAlias;             /* Index into Parse.aAlias[] for zName */
  } *a;                  /* Alloc a power of two greater or equal to nExpr */
};

/*
** An instance of this structure is used by the parser to record both
** the parse tree for an expression and the span of input text for an
** expression.
................................................................................
  int p1, p2;           /* Operands of the opcode used to ends the loop */
  union {               /* Information that depends on plan.wsFlags */
    struct {
      int nIn;              /* Number of entries in aInLoop[] */
      struct InLoop {
        int iCur;              /* The VDBE cursor used by this IN operator */
        int addrInTop;         /* Top of the IN loop */
        u8 eEndLoopOp;         /* IN Loop terminator. OP_Next or OP_Prev */
      } *aInLoop;           /* Information about each nested IN operator */
    } in;                 /* Used when plan.wsFlags&WHERE_IN_ABLE */
    Index *pCovidx;       /* Possible covering index for WHERE_MULTI_OR */
  } u;
  double rOptCost;      /* "Optimal" cost for this level */

  /* The following field is really not part of the current level.  But
................................................................................
#define SF_Aggregate       0x0004  /* Contains aggregate functions */
#define SF_UsesEphemeral   0x0008  /* Uses the OpenEphemeral opcode */
#define SF_Expanded        0x0010  /* sqlite3SelectExpand() called on this */
#define SF_HasTypeInfo     0x0020  /* FROM subqueries have Table metadata */
#define SF_UseSorter       0x0040  /* Sort using a sorter */
#define SF_Values          0x0080  /* Synthesized from VALUES clause */
#define SF_Materialize     0x0100  /* Force materialization of views */
#define SF_NestedFrom      0x0200  /* Part of a parenthesized FROM clause */


/*
** The results of a select can be distributed in several ways.  The
** "SRT" prefix means "SELECT Result Type".
*/
#define SRT_Union        1  /* Store result as keys in an index */
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3IdListDelete(sqlite3*, IdList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SrcListDelete(sqlite3*, SrcList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Index *sqlite3CreateIndex(Parse*,Token*,Token*,SrcList*,ExprList*,int,Token*,
                        Token*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DropIndex(Parse*, SrcList*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Select(Parse*, Select*, SelectDest*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Select *sqlite3SelectNew(Parse*,ExprList*,SrcList*,Expr*,ExprList*,
                         Expr*,ExprList*,u16,Expr*,Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SelectDelete(sqlite3*, Select*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Table *sqlite3SrcListLookup(Parse*, SrcList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IsReadOnly(Parse*, Table*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3OpenTable(Parse*, int iCur, int iDb, Table*, int);
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY)
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3LimitWhere(Parse *, SrcList *, Expr *, ExprList *, Expr *, Expr *, char *);
#endif
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3GenerateConstraintChecks(Parse*,Table*,int,int,
                                     int*,int,int,int,int,int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CompleteInsertion(Parse*, Table*, int, int, int*, int, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3OpenTableAndIndices(Parse*, Table*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(Parse*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3MultiWrite(Parse*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3MayAbort(Parse*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3HaltConstraint(Parse*, int, int, char*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3ExprDup(sqlite3*,Expr*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE ExprList *sqlite3ExprListDup(sqlite3*,ExprList*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE SrcList *sqlite3SrcListDup(sqlite3*,SrcList*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE IdList *sqlite3IdListDup(sqlite3*,IdList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Select *sqlite3SelectDup(sqlite3*,Select*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3FuncDefInsert(FuncDefHash*, FuncDef*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE FuncDef *sqlite3FindFunction(sqlite3*,const char*,int,int,u8,u8);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AlterFunctions(void);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AlterRenameTable(Parse*, SrcList*, Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3GetToken(const unsigned char *, int *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3NestedParse(Parse*, const char*, ...);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExpirePreparedStatements(sqlite3*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3CodeSubselect(Parse *, Expr *, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SelectPrep(Parse*, Select*, NameContext*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3MatchSpanName(const char*, const char*, const char*, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ResolveExprNames(NameContext*, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ResolveSelectNames(Parse*, Select*, NameContext*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ResolveOrderGroupBy(Parse*, Select*, ExprList*, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ColumnDefault(Vdbe *, Table *, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AlterFinishAddColumn(Parse *, Token *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AlterBeginAddColumn(Parse *, SrcList *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE CollSeq *sqlite3GetCollSeq(Parse*, u8, CollSeq *, const char*);
................................................................................
  #define sqlite3FkCheck(a,b,c,d)
  #define sqlite3FkDropTable(a,b,c)
  #define sqlite3FkOldmask(a,b)      0
  #define sqlite3FkRequired(a,b,c,d) 0
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3FkDelete(sqlite3 *, Table*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   int sqlite3FkLocateIndex(Parse*,Table*,FKey*,Index**,int**);
#else
  #define sqlite3FkDelete(a,b)
  #define sqlite3FkLocateIndex(a,b,c,d,e)
#endif


/*
** Available fault injectors.  Should be numbered beginning with 0.
*/
#define SQLITE_FAULTINJECTOR_MALLOC     0
................................................................................
  VdbeFrame *pParent;     /* Parent of this frame, or NULL if parent is main */
  Op *aOp;                /* Program instructions for parent frame */
  Mem *aMem;              /* Array of memory cells for parent frame */
  u8 *aOnceFlag;          /* Array of OP_Once flags for parent frame */
  VdbeCursor **apCsr;     /* Array of Vdbe cursors for parent frame */
  void *token;            /* Copy of SubProgram.token */
  i64 lastRowid;          /* Last insert rowid (sqlite3.lastRowid) */
  int nCursor;            /* Number of entries in apCsr */
  int pc;                 /* Program Counter in parent (calling) frame */
  int nOp;                /* Size of aOp array */
  int nMem;               /* Number of entries in aMem */
  int nOnceFlag;          /* Number of entries in aOnceFlag */
  int nChildMem;          /* Number of memory cells for child frame */
  int nChildCsr;          /* Number of cursors for child frame */
  int nChange;            /* Statement changes (Vdbe.nChanges)     */
................................................................................
  Mem *pResultSet;        /* Pointer to an array of results */
  int nMem;               /* Number of memory locations currently allocated */
  int nOp;                /* Number of instructions in the program */
  int nOpAlloc;           /* Number of slots allocated for aOp[] */
  int nLabel;             /* Number of labels used */
  int *aLabel;            /* Space to hold the labels */
  u16 nResColumn;         /* Number of columns in one row of the result set */
  int nCursor;            /* Number of slots in apCsr[] */
  u32 magic;              /* Magic number for sanity checking */
  char *zErrMsg;          /* Error message written here */
  Vdbe *pPrev,*pNext;     /* Linked list of VDBEs with the same Vdbe.db */
  VdbeCursor **apCsr;     /* One element of this array for each open cursor */
  Mem *aVar;              /* Values for the OP_Variable opcode. */
  char **azVar;           /* Name of variables */
  ynVar nVar;             /* Number of entries in aVar[] */
................................................................................
  { "pwrite64",     (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)pwrite64,   0  },
#else
  { "pwrite64",     (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)0,          0  },
#endif
#define osPwrite64  ((ssize_t(*)(int,const void*,size_t,off_t))\
                    aSyscall[13].pCurrent)


  { "fchmod",       (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)fchmod,     0  },



#define osFchmod    ((int(*)(int,mode_t))aSyscall[14].pCurrent)

#if defined(HAVE_POSIX_FALLOCATE) && HAVE_POSIX_FALLOCATE
  { "fallocate",    (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)posix_fallocate,  0 },
#else
  { "fallocate",    (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)0,                0 },
#endif
................................................................................

  { "rmdir",        (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)rmdir,           0 },
#define osRmdir     ((int(*)(const char*))aSyscall[19].pCurrent)

  { "fchown",       (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)posixFchown,     0 },
#define osFchown    ((int(*)(int,uid_t,gid_t))aSyscall[20].pCurrent)




}; /* End of the overrideable system calls */

/*
** This is the xSetSystemCall() method of sqlite3_vfs for all of the
** "unix" VFSes.  Return SQLITE_OK opon successfully updating the
** system call pointer, or SQLITE_NOTFOUND if there is no configurable
** system call named zName.
................................................................................
** In that way, if a database file is -rw-rw-rw or -rw-rw-r-, and a
** transaction crashes and leaves behind hot journals, then any
** process that is able to write to the database will also be able to
** recover the hot journals.
*/
static int robust_open(const char *z, int f, mode_t m){
  int fd;



  mode_t m2 = m ? m : SQLITE_DEFAULT_FILE_PERMISSIONS;




  do{
#if defined(O_CLOEXEC)
    fd = osOpen(z,f|O_CLOEXEC,m2);
#else
    fd = osOpen(z,f,m2);
#endif
  }while( fd<0 && errno==EINTR );
  if( fd>=0 ){
    if( m!=0 ){

      struct stat statbuf;
      if( osFstat(fd, &statbuf)==0 && (statbuf.st_mode&0777)!=m ){
        osFchmod(fd, m);
      }
    }
#if defined(FD_CLOEXEC) && (!defined(O_CLOEXEC) || O_CLOEXEC==0)
    osFcntl(fd, F_SETFD, osFcntl(fd, F_GETFD, 0) | FD_CLOEXEC);
#endif
  }
  return fd;
}

/*
** Helper functions to obtain and relinquish the global mutex. The
** global mutex is used to protect the unixInodeInfo and
** vxworksFileId objects used by this file, all of which may be 
................................................................................
    UNIXVFS("unix-proxy",    proxyIoFinder ),
#endif
  };
  unsigned int i;          /* Loop counter */

  /* Double-check that the aSyscall[] array has been constructed
  ** correctly.  See ticket [bb3a86e890c8e96ab] */
  assert( ArraySize(aSyscall)==21 );

  /* Register all VFSes defined in the aVfs[] array */
  for(i=0; i<(sizeof(aVfs)/sizeof(sqlite3_vfs)); i++){
    sqlite3_vfs_register(&aVfs[i], i==0);
  }
  return SQLITE_OK; 
}
................................................................................
}

/*
** This function outputs the specified (ANSI) string to the Win32 debugger
** (if available).
*/

SQLITE_API void sqlite3_win32_write_debug(const char *zBuf, int nBuf){
  char zDbgBuf[SQLITE_WIN32_DBG_BUF_SIZE];
  int nMin = MIN(nBuf, (SQLITE_WIN32_DBG_BUF_SIZE - 1)); /* may be negative. */
  if( nMin<-1 ) nMin = -1; /* all negative values become -1. */
  assert( nMin==-1 || nMin==0 || nMin<SQLITE_WIN32_DBG_BUF_SIZE );
#if defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI)
  if( nMin>0 ){
    memset(zDbgBuf, 0, SQLITE_WIN32_DBG_BUF_SIZE);
................................................................................
  }
}

#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
/*************************************************************************
** This section contains code for WinCE only.
*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_MSVC_LOCALTIME_API) || !SQLITE_MSVC_LOCALTIME_API
/*
** The MSVC CRT on Windows CE may not have a localtime() function.  So
** create a substitute.
*/
/* #include <time.h> */
struct tm *__cdecl localtime(const time_t *t)
{
  static struct tm y;
  FILETIME uTm, lTm;
  SYSTEMTIME pTm;
................................................................................
  y.tm_wday = pTm.wDayOfWeek;
  y.tm_mday = pTm.wDay;
  y.tm_hour = pTm.wHour;
  y.tm_min = pTm.wMinute;
  y.tm_sec = pTm.wSecond;
  return &y;
}
#endif

#define HANDLE_TO_WINFILE(a) (winFile*)&((char*)a)[-(int)offsetof(winFile,h)]

/*
** Acquire a lock on the handle h
*/
static void winceMutexAcquire(HANDLE h){
................................................................................
*/
#define winceMutexRelease(h) ReleaseMutex(h)

/*
** Create the mutex and shared memory used for locking in the file
** descriptor pFile
*/
static int winceCreateLock(const char *zFilename, winFile *pFile){
  LPWSTR zTok;
  LPWSTR zName;
  DWORD lastErrno;
  BOOL bLogged = FALSE;
  BOOL bInit = TRUE;

  zName = utf8ToUnicode(zFilename);
  if( zName==0 ){
    /* out of memory */
    return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
  }

  /* Initialize the local lockdata */
  memset(&pFile->local, 0, sizeof(pFile->local));

  /* Replace the backslashes from the filename and lowercase it
  ** to derive a mutex name. */
................................................................................
    if (*zTok == '\\') *zTok = '_';
  }

  /* Create/open the named mutex */
  pFile->hMutex = osCreateMutexW(NULL, FALSE, zName);
  if (!pFile->hMutex){
    pFile->lastErrno = osGetLastError();
    winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR, pFile->lastErrno,
                "winceCreateLock1", zFilename);
    sqlite3_free(zName);
    return SQLITE_IOERR;
  }

  /* Acquire the mutex before continuing */
  winceMutexAcquire(pFile->hMutex);
  
  /* Since the names of named mutexes, semaphores, file mappings etc are 
  ** case-sensitive, take advantage of that by uppercasing the mutex name
................................................................................
  osCharUpperW(zName);
  pFile->hShared = osCreateFileMappingW(INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE, NULL,
                                        PAGE_READWRITE, 0, sizeof(winceLock),
                                        zName);  

  /* Set a flag that indicates we're the first to create the memory so it 
  ** must be zero-initialized */
  lastErrno = osGetLastError();
  if (lastErrno == ERROR_ALREADY_EXISTS){
    bInit = FALSE;
  }

  sqlite3_free(zName);

  /* If we succeeded in making the shared memory handle, map it. */
  if( pFile->hShared ){
    pFile->shared = (winceLock*)osMapViewOfFile(pFile->hShared, 
             FILE_MAP_READ|FILE_MAP_WRITE, 0, 0, sizeof(winceLock));
    /* If mapping failed, close the shared memory handle and erase it */
    if( !pFile->shared ){
      pFile->lastErrno = osGetLastError();
      winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR, pFile->lastErrno,
                  "winceCreateLock2", zFilename);
      bLogged = TRUE;
      osCloseHandle(pFile->hShared);
      pFile->hShared = NULL;
    }
  }

  /* If shared memory could not be created, then close the mutex and fail */
  if( pFile->hShared==NULL ){
    if( !bLogged ){
      pFile->lastErrno = lastErrno;
      winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR, pFile->lastErrno,
                  "winceCreateLock3", zFilename);
      bLogged = TRUE;
    }
    winceMutexRelease(pFile->hMutex);
    osCloseHandle(pFile->hMutex);
    pFile->hMutex = NULL;
    return SQLITE_IOERR;
  }
  
  /* Initialize the shared memory if we're supposed to */
  if( bInit ){
    memset(pFile->shared, 0, sizeof(winceLock));
  }

  winceMutexRelease(pFile->hMutex);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Destroy the part of winFile that deals with wince locks
*/
static void winceDestroyLock(winFile *pFile){
  if (pFile->hMutex){
................................................................................
  winFile *pFile = (winFile*)id;

  assert( id!=0 );
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  assert( pFile->pShm==0 );
#endif
  OSTRACE(("CLOSE %d\n", pFile->h));
  assert( pFile->h!=NULL && pFile->h!=INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE );
  do{
    rc = osCloseHandle(pFile->h);
    /* SimulateIOError( rc=0; cnt=MX_CLOSE_ATTEMPT; ); */
  }while( rc==0 && ++cnt < MX_CLOSE_ATTEMPT && (sqlite3_win32_sleep(100), 1) );
#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
#define WINCE_DELETION_ATTEMPTS 3
  winceDestroyLock(pFile);
................................................................................
        win32IoerrRetryDelay = a[1];
      }else{
        a[1] = win32IoerrRetryDelay;
      }
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_TEMPFILENAME: {
      char *zTFile = sqlite3MallocZero( pFile->pVfs->mxPathname );
      if( zTFile ){
        getTempname(pFile->pVfs->mxPathname, zTFile);
        *(char**)pArg = zTFile;
      }
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
  }
................................................................................
                 (int)osGetCurrentProcessId(), i,
                 bRc ? "ok" : "failed"));
        bRc = osCloseHandle(p->aRegion[i].hMap);
        OSTRACE(("SHM-PURGE pid-%d close region=%d %s\n",
                 (int)osGetCurrentProcessId(), i,
                 bRc ? "ok" : "failed"));
      }
      if( p->hFile.h!=NULL && p->hFile.h!=INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE ){
        SimulateIOErrorBenign(1);
        winClose((sqlite3_file *)&p->hFile);
        SimulateIOErrorBenign(0);
      }
      if( deleteFlag ){
        SimulateIOErrorBenign(1);
        sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc();
................................................................................
  /* Assert that the upper layer has set one of the "file-type" flags. */
  assert( eType==SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB      || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_DB 
       || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_JOURNAL || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_JOURNAL 
       || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_SUBJOURNAL   || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_MASTER_JOURNAL 
       || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_TRANSIENT_DB || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_WAL
  );

  assert( pFile!=0 );
  memset(pFile, 0, sizeof(winFile));
  pFile->h = INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE;

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  if( !sqlite3_temp_directory ){
    sqlite3_log(SQLITE_ERROR,
        "sqlite3_temp_directory variable should be set for WinRT");
  }
#endif



  /* If the second argument to this function is NULL, generate a 
  ** temporary file name to use 
  */
  if( !zUtf8Name ){
    assert(isDelete && !isOpenJournal);
    memset(zTmpname, 0, MAX_PATH+2);
    rc = getTempname(MAX_PATH+2, zTmpname);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      return rc;
    }
    zUtf8Name = zTmpname;
  }

................................................................................
    if( isReadWrite ){
      *pOutFlags = SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE;
    }else{
      *pOutFlags = SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY;
    }
  }














#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  if( isReadWrite && eType==SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB
       && (rc = winceCreateLock(zName, pFile))!=SQLITE_OK
  ){
    osCloseHandle(h);
    sqlite3_free(zConverted);
    return rc;
  }
  if( isTemp ){
    pFile->zDeleteOnClose = zConverted;
  }else
#endif
  {
    sqlite3_free(zConverted);
  }

  pFile->pMethod = &winIoMethod;
  pFile->pVfs = pVfs;
  pFile->h = h;
  if( sqlite3_uri_boolean(zName, "psow", SQLITE_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE) ){
    pFile->ctrlFlags |= WINFILE_PSOW;
  }
  pFile->lastErrno = NO_ERROR;
  pFile->zPath = zName;

  OpenCounter(+1);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Delete the named file.
................................................................................
  if( !sCheck.aPgRef ){
    *pnErr = 1;
    sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
    return 0;
  }
  i = PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt);
  if( i<=sCheck.nPage ) setPageReferenced(&sCheck, i);
  sqlite3StrAccumInit(&sCheck.errMsg, zErr, sizeof(zErr), SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH);
  sCheck.errMsg.useMalloc = 2;

  /* Check the integrity of the freelist
  */
  checkList(&sCheck, 1, get4byte(&pBt->pPage1->aData[32]),
            get4byte(&pBt->pPage1->aData[36]), "Main freelist: ");

................................................................................
}

/*
** Parameter zSrcData points to a buffer containing the data for 
** page iSrcPg from the source database. Copy this data into the 
** destination database.
*/
static int backupOnePage(
  sqlite3_backup *p,              /* Backup handle */
  Pgno iSrcPg,                    /* Source database page to backup */
  const u8 *zSrcData,             /* Source database page data */
  int bUpdate                     /* True for an update, false otherwise */
){
  Pager * const pDestPager = sqlite3BtreePager(p->pDest);
  const int nSrcPgsz = sqlite3BtreeGetPageSize(p->pSrc);
  int nDestPgsz = sqlite3BtreeGetPageSize(p->pDest);
  const int nCopy = MIN(nSrcPgsz, nDestPgsz);
  const i64 iEnd = (i64)iSrcPg*(i64)nSrcPgsz;
#ifdef SQLITE_HAS_CODEC
  /* Use BtreeGetReserveNoMutex() for the source b-tree, as although it is
................................................................................
      ** and the pager code use this trick (clearing the first byte
      ** of the page 'extra' space to invalidate the Btree layers
      ** cached parse of the page). MemPage.isInit is marked 
      ** "MUST BE FIRST" for this purpose.
      */
      memcpy(zOut, zIn, nCopy);
      ((u8 *)sqlite3PagerGetExtra(pDestPg))[0] = 0;
      if( iOff==0 && bUpdate==0 ){
        sqlite3Put4byte(&zOut[28], sqlite3BtreeLastPage(p->pSrc));
      }
    }
    sqlite3PagerUnref(pDestPg);
  }

  return rc;
}

................................................................................
    assert( nSrcPage>=0 );
    for(ii=0; (nPage<0 || ii<nPage) && p->iNext<=(Pgno)nSrcPage && !rc; ii++){
      const Pgno iSrcPg = p->iNext;                 /* Source page number */
      if( iSrcPg!=PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(p->pSrc->pBt) ){
        DbPage *pSrcPg;                             /* Source page object */
        rc = sqlite3PagerGet(pSrcPager, iSrcPg, &pSrcPg);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          rc = backupOnePage(p, iSrcPg, sqlite3PagerGetData(pSrcPg), 0);
          sqlite3PagerUnref(pSrcPg);
        }
      }
      p->iNext++;
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      p->nPagecount = nSrcPage;
................................................................................
      /* The backup process p has already copied page iPage. But now it
      ** has been modified by a transaction on the source pager. Copy
      ** the new data into the backup.
      */
      int rc;
      assert( p->pDestDb );
      sqlite3_mutex_enter(p->pDestDb->mutex);
      rc = backupOnePage(p, iPage, aData, 1);
      sqlite3_mutex_leave(p->pDestDb->mutex);
      assert( rc!=SQLITE_BUSY && rc!=SQLITE_LOCKED );
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        p->rc = rc;
      }
    }
  }
................................................................................
*************************************************************************
** This file contains code used for creating, destroying, and populating
** a VDBE (or an "sqlite3_stmt" as it is known to the outside world.)  Prior
** to version 2.8.7, all this code was combined into the vdbe.c source file.
** But that file was getting too big so this subroutines were split out.
*/













/*
** Create a new virtual database engine.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE Vdbe *sqlite3VdbeCreate(sqlite3 *db){
  Vdbe *p;
  p = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(Vdbe) );
  if( p==0 ) return 0;
................................................................................
  pOp->p1 = p1;
  pOp->p2 = p2;
  pOp->p3 = p3;
  pOp->p4.p = 0;
  pOp->p4type = P4_NOTUSED;
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  pOp->zComment = 0;
  if( p->db->flags & SQLITE_VdbeAddopTrace ){
    sqlite3VdbePrintOp(0, i, &p->aOp[i]);
  }
#endif
#ifdef VDBE_PROFILE
  pOp->cycles = 0;
  pOp->cnt = 0;
#endif
  return i;
}
................................................................................
  while( (pOp = opIterNext(&sIter))!=0 ){
    int opcode = pOp->opcode;
    if( opcode==OP_Destroy || opcode==OP_VUpdate || opcode==OP_VRename 
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
     || (opcode==OP_FkCounter && pOp->p1==0 && pOp->p2==1) 
#endif
     || ((opcode==OP_Halt || opcode==OP_HaltIfNull) 
      && ((pOp->p1&0xff)==SQLITE_CONSTRAINT && pOp->p2==OE_Abort))
    ){
      hasAbort = 1;
      break;
    }
  }
  sqlite3DbFree(v->db, sIter.apSub);

................................................................................
      }
      pOut->p3 = pIn->p3;
      pOut->p4type = P4_NOTUSED;
      pOut->p4.p = 0;
      pOut->p5 = 0;
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
      pOut->zComment = 0;
      if( p->db->flags & SQLITE_VdbeAddopTrace ){
        sqlite3VdbePrintOp(0, i+addr, &p->aOp[i+addr]);
      }
#endif
    }
    p->nOp += nOp;
  }
  return addr;
................................................................................
    if( nByte ){
      p->pFree = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, nByte);
    }
    zCsr = p->pFree;
    zEnd = &zCsr[nByte];
  }while( nByte && !db->mallocFailed );

  p->nCursor = nCursor;
  p->nOnceFlag = nOnce;
  if( p->aVar ){
    p->nVar = (ynVar)nVar;
    for(n=0; n<nVar; n++){
      p->aVar[n].flags = MEM_Null;
      p->aVar[n].db = db;
    }
................................................................................
    return rc;
  }

  /* If there are any write-transactions at all, invoke the commit hook */
  if( needXcommit && db->xCommitCallback ){
    rc = db->xCommitCallback(db->pCommitArg);
    if( rc ){
      return SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_COMMITHOOK;
    }
  }

  /* The simple case - no more than one database file (not counting the
  ** TEMP database) has a transaction active.   There is no need for the
  ** master-journal.
  **
................................................................................
/*
** This function is called when a transaction opened by the database 
** handle associated with the VM passed as an argument is about to be 
** committed. If there are outstanding deferred foreign key constraint
** violations, return SQLITE_ERROR. Otherwise, SQLITE_OK.
**
** If there are outstanding FK violations and this function returns 
** SQLITE_ERROR, set the result of the VM to SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FOREIGNKEY
** and write an error message to it. Then return SQLITE_ERROR.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeCheckFk(Vdbe *p, int deferred){
  sqlite3 *db = p->db;
  if( (deferred && db->nDeferredCons>0) || (!deferred && p->nFkConstraint>0) ){
    p->rc = SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FOREIGNKEY;
    p->errorAction = OE_Abort;
    sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db, "foreign key constraint failed");
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
#endif
................................................................................
      if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK || (p->errorAction==OE_Fail && !isSpecialError) ){
        rc = sqlite3VdbeCheckFk(p, 1);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          if( NEVER(p->readOnly) ){
            sqlite3VdbeLeave(p);
            return SQLITE_ERROR;
          }
          rc = SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FOREIGNKEY;
        }else{ 
          /* The auto-commit flag is true, the vdbe program was successful 
          ** or hit an 'OR FAIL' constraint and there are no deferred foreign
          ** key constraints to hold up the transaction. This means a commit 
          ** is required. */
          rc = vdbeCommit(db, p);
        }
................................................................................
    ** do so. If this operation returns an error, and the current statement
    ** error code is SQLITE_OK or SQLITE_CONSTRAINT, then promote the
    ** current statement error code.
    */
    if( eStatementOp ){
      rc = sqlite3VdbeCloseStatement(p, eStatementOp);
      if( rc ){
        if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK || (p->rc&0xff)==SQLITE_CONSTRAINT ){
          p->rc = rc;
          sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zErrMsg);
          p->zErrMsg = 0;
        }
        sqlite3RollbackAll(db, SQLITE_ABORT_ROLLBACK);
        sqlite3CloseSavepoints(db);
        db->autoCommit = 1;
................................................................................
  for(i=p->nzVar-1; i>=0; i--) sqlite3DbFree(db, p->azVar[i]);
  vdbeFreeOpArray(db, p->aOp, p->nOp);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->aLabel);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->aColName);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zSql);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->pFree);
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_TREE_EXPLAIN)
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zExplain);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->pExplain);
#endif
}

/*
** Delete an entire VDBE.
*/
................................................................................
    sqlite3_log(pOp->p1, "constraint failed at %d in [%s]", pc, p->zSql);
  }
  rc = sqlite3VdbeHalt(p);
  assert( rc==SQLITE_BUSY || rc==SQLITE_OK || rc==SQLITE_ERROR );
  if( rc==SQLITE_BUSY ){
    p->rc = rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
  }else{
    assert( rc==SQLITE_OK || (p->rc&0xff)==SQLITE_CONSTRAINT );
    assert( rc==SQLITE_OK || db->nDeferredCons>0 );
    rc = p->rc ? SQLITE_ERROR : SQLITE_DONE;
  }
  goto vdbe_return;
}

/* Opcode: Integer P1 P2 * * *
................................................................................
    rc = u.cr.pModule->xUpdate(u.cr.pVtab, u.cr.nArg, u.cr.apArg, &u.cr.rowid);
    db->vtabOnConflict = vtabOnConflict;
    importVtabErrMsg(p, u.cr.pVtab);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pOp->p1 ){
      assert( u.cr.nArg>1 && u.cr.apArg[0] && (u.cr.apArg[0]->flags&MEM_Null) );
      db->lastRowid = lastRowid = u.cr.rowid;
    }
    if( (rc&0xff)==SQLITE_CONSTRAINT && pOp->p4.pVtab->bConstraint ){
      if( pOp->p5==OE_Ignore ){
        rc = SQLITE_OK;
      }else{
        p->errorAction = ((pOp->p5==OE_Replace) ? OE_Abort : pOp->p5);
      }
    }else{
      p->nChange++;
................................................................................
    rc = sqlite3OsOpen(p->pVfs, p->zJournal, pReal, p->flags, 0);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      p->pReal = pReal;
      if( p->iSize>0 ){
        assert(p->iSize<=p->nBuf);
        rc = sqlite3OsWrite(p->pReal, p->zBuf, p->iSize, 0);
      }
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        /* If an error occurred while writing to the file, close it before
        ** returning. This way, SQLite uses the in-memory journal data to 
        ** roll back changes made to the internal page-cache before this
        ** function was called.  */
        sqlite3OsClose(pReal);
        p->pReal = 0;
      }
    }
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Close the file.
................................................................................
    for(k=0; k<pUsing->nId; k++){
      if( sqlite3StrICmp(pUsing->a[k].zName, zCol)==0 ) return 1;
    }
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** Subqueries stores the original database, table and column names for their
** result sets in ExprList.a[].zSpan, in the form "DATABASE.TABLE.COLUMN".
** Check to see if the zSpan given to this routine matches the zDb, zTab,
** and zCol.  If any of zDb, zTab, and zCol are NULL then those fields will
** match anything.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3MatchSpanName(
  const char *zSpan,
  const char *zCol,
  const char *zTab,
  const char *zDb
){
  int n;
  for(n=0; ALWAYS(zSpan[n]) && zSpan[n]!='.'; n++){}
  if( zDb && sqlite3StrNICmp(zSpan, zDb, n)!=0 ){
    return 0;
  }
  zSpan += n+1;
  for(n=0; ALWAYS(zSpan[n]) && zSpan[n]!='.'; n++){}
  if( zTab && sqlite3StrNICmp(zSpan, zTab, n)!=0 ){
    return 0;
  }
  zSpan += n+1;
  if( zCol && sqlite3StrICmp(zSpan, zCol)!=0 ){
    return 0;
  }
  return 1;
}

/*
** Given the name of a column of the form X.Y.Z or Y.Z or just Z, look up
** that name in the set of source tables in pSrcList and make the pExpr 
** expression node refer back to that source column.  The following changes
** are made to pExpr:
**
................................................................................
  assert( zCol );    /* The Z in X.Y.Z cannot be NULL */
  assert( !ExprHasAnyProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );

  /* Initialize the node to no-match */
  pExpr->iTable = -1;
  pExpr->pTab = 0;
  ExprSetIrreducible(pExpr);

  /* Translate the schema name in zDb into a pointer to the corresponding
  ** schema.  If not found, pSchema will remain NULL and nothing will match
  ** resulting in an appropriate error message toward the end of this routine
  */
  if( zDb ){
    for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
      assert( db->aDb[i].zName );
      if( sqlite3StrICmp(db->aDb[i].zName,zDb)==0 ){
        pSchema = db->aDb[i].pSchema;
        break;
      }
    }
  }

  /* Start at the inner-most context and move outward until a match is found */
  while( pNC && cnt==0 ){
    ExprList *pEList;
    SrcList *pSrcList = pNC->pSrcList;

    if( pSrcList ){
      for(i=0, pItem=pSrcList->a; i<pSrcList->nSrc; i++, pItem++){
        Table *pTab;

        Column *pCol;
  
        pTab = pItem->pTab;
        assert( pTab!=0 && pTab->zName!=0 );

        assert( pTab->nCol>0 );
        if( pItem->pSelect && (pItem->pSelect->selFlags & SF_NestedFrom)!=0 ){
          int hit = 0;
          pEList = pItem->pSelect->pEList;
          for(j=0; j<pEList->nExpr; j++){
            if( sqlite3MatchSpanName(pEList->a[j].zSpan, zCol, zTab, zDb) ){

              cnt++;
              cntTab = 2;
              pMatch = pItem;
              pExpr->iColumn = j;
              hit = 1;
            }
          }
          if( hit || zTab==0 ) continue;
        }

        if( zDb && pTab->pSchema!=pSchema ){
          continue;
        }
        if( zTab ){
          const char *zTabName = pItem->zAlias ? pItem->zAlias : pTab->zName;
          assert( zTabName!=0 );
          if( sqlite3StrICmp(zTabName, zTab)!=0 ){
            continue;
          }
        }
        if( 0==(cntTab++) ){



          pMatch = pItem;
        }
        for(j=0, pCol=pTab->aCol; j<pTab->nCol; j++, pCol++){
          if( sqlite3StrICmp(pCol->zName, zCol)==0 ){
            /* If there has been exactly one prior match and this match
            ** is for the right-hand table of a NATURAL JOIN or is in a 
            ** USING clause, then skip this match.
            */
            if( cnt==1 ){
              if( pItem->jointype & JT_NATURAL ) continue;
              if( nameInUsingClause(pItem->pUsing, zCol) ) continue;
            }
            cnt++;


            pMatch = pItem;

            /* Substitute the rowid (column -1) for the INTEGER PRIMARY KEY */
            pExpr->iColumn = j==pTab->iPKey ? -1 : (i16)j;
            break;
          }
        }
      }
      if( pMatch ){
        pExpr->iTable = pMatch->iCursor;
        pExpr->pTab = pMatch->pTab;
        pSchema = pExpr->pTab->pSchema;
      }
    } /* if( pSrcList ) */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
    /* If we have not already resolved the name, then maybe 
    ** it is a new.* or old.* trigger argument reference
    */
    if( zDb==0 && zTab!=0 && cnt==0 && pParse->pTriggerTab!=0 ){
      int op = pParse->eTriggerOp;
................................................................................
        }
      }
#endif
      if( is_agg && (pNC->ncFlags & NC_AllowAgg)==0 ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "misuse of aggregate function %.*s()", nId,zId);
        pNC->nErr++;
        is_agg = 0;
      }else if( no_such_func && pParse->db->init.busy==0 ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "no such function: %.*s", nId, zId);
        pNC->nErr++;
      }else if( wrong_num_args ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse,"wrong number of arguments to function %.*s()",
             nId, zId);
        pNC->nErr++;
      }
................................................................................
    memset(&sNC, 0, sizeof(sNC));
    sNC.pParse = pParse;
    if( sqlite3ResolveExprNames(&sNC, p->pLimit) ||
        sqlite3ResolveExprNames(&sNC, p->pOffset) ){
      return WRC_Abort;
    }
  

















    /* Recursively resolve names in all subqueries
    */
    for(i=0; i<p->pSrc->nSrc; i++){
      struct SrcList_item *pItem = &p->pSrc->a[i];
      if( pItem->pSelect ){
        NameContext *pNC;         /* Used to iterate name contexts */
        int nRef = 0;             /* Refcount for pOuterNC and outer contexts */
................................................................................
        if( pParse->nErr || db->mallocFailed ) return WRC_Abort;

        for(pNC=pOuterNC; pNC; pNC=pNC->pNext) nRef -= pNC->nRef;
        assert( pItem->isCorrelated==0 && nRef<=0 );
        pItem->isCorrelated = (nRef!=0);
      }
    }
  
    /* Set up the local name-context to pass to sqlite3ResolveExprNames() to
    ** resolve the result-set expression list.
    */
    sNC.ncFlags = NC_AllowAgg;
    sNC.pSrcList = p->pSrc;
    sNC.pNext = pOuterNC;
  
    /* Resolve names in the result set. */
    pEList = p->pEList;
    assert( pEList!=0 );
    for(i=0; i<pEList->nExpr; i++){
      Expr *pX = pEList->a[i].pExpr;
      if( sqlite3ResolveExprNames(&sNC, pX) ){
        return WRC_Abort;
      }
    }
  
    /* If there are no aggregate functions in the result-set, and no GROUP BY 
    ** expression, do not allow aggregates in any of the other expressions.
    */
    assert( (p->selFlags & SF_Aggregate)==0 );
    pGroupBy = p->pGroupBy;
    if( pGroupBy || (sNC.ncFlags & NC_HasAgg)!=0 ){
................................................................................
        sqlite3MayAbort(pParse);
      }
      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) );
      if( pExpr->affinity==OE_Ignore ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(
            v, OP_Halt, SQLITE_OK, OE_Ignore, 0, pExpr->u.zToken,0);
      }else{
        sqlite3HaltConstraint(pParse, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_TRIGGER,
                              pExpr->affinity, pExpr->u.zToken, 0);
      }

      break;
    }
#endif
  }
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regFree1);
................................................................................
  }else{
    sqlite3ExplainPush(pOut);
    for(i=0; i<pList->nExpr; i++){
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, "item[%d] = ", i);
      sqlite3ExplainPush(pOut);
      sqlite3ExplainExpr(pOut, pList->a[i].pExpr);
      sqlite3ExplainPop(pOut);
      if( pList->a[i].zName ){
        sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, " AS %s", pList->a[i].zName);
      }
      if( pList->a[i].bSpanIsTab ){
        sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, " (%s)", pList->a[i].zSpan);
      }
      if( i<pList->nExpr-1 ){
        sqlite3ExplainNL(pOut);
      }
    }
    sqlite3ExplainPop(pOut);
  }
}
................................................................................
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);
  addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterSort, iSorter, 0);
  if( pIndex->onError!=OE_None ){
    int j2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v) + 3;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, j2);
    addr2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_SorterCompare, iSorter, j2, regRecord);
    sqlite3HaltConstraint(pParse, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_UNIQUE,
        OE_Abort, "indexed columns are not unique", P4_STATIC
    );
  }else{
    addr2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterData, iSorter, regRecord);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IdxInsert, iIdx, regRecord, 1);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT);
................................................................................
    ** (made available to the compiler for reuse) using 
    ** sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(). So in some ways having the OP_IsUnique
    ** opcode use the values stored within seems dangerous. However, since
    ** we can be sure that no other temp registers have been allocated
    ** since sqlite3ReleaseTempRange() was called, it is safe to do so.
    */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_IsUnique, iIdx, j2, regRowid, pRegKey, P4_INT32);
    sqlite3HaltConstraint(pParse, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_UNIQUE,
        "indexed columns are not unique", P4_STATIC);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IdxInsert, iIdx, regRecord, 0);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT);
#endif
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regRecord);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterNext, iSorter, addr2);
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);
................................................................................
}

/*
** Code an OP_Halt that causes the vdbe to return an SQLITE_CONSTRAINT
** error. The onError parameter determines which (if any) of the statement
** and/or current transaction is rolled back.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3HaltConstraint(
  Parse *pParse,    /* Parsing context */
  int errCode,      /* extended error code */
  int onError,      /* Constraint type */
  char *p4,         /* Error message */
  int p4type        /* P4_STATIC or P4_TRANSIENT */
){
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  assert( (errCode&0xff)==SQLITE_CONSTRAINT );
  if( onError==OE_Abort ){
    sqlite3MayAbort(pParse);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Halt, errCode, onError, 0, p4, p4type);
}

/*
** Check to see if pIndex uses the collating sequence pColl.  Return
** true if it does and false if it does not.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_REINDEX
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER

/*
** Deferred and Immediate FKs
** --------------------------
**
** Foreign keys in SQLite come in two flavours: deferred and immediate.
** If an immediate foreign key constraint is violated,
** SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FOREIGNKEY is returned and the current
** statement transaction rolled back. If a 
** deferred foreign key constraint is violated, no action is taken 
** immediately. However if the application attempts to commit the 
** transaction before fixing the constraint violation, the attempt fails.
**
** Deferred constraints are implemented using a simple counter associated
** with the database handle. The counter is set to zero each time a 
** database transaction is opened. Each time a statement is executed 
................................................................................
** If a delete caused by OR REPLACE violates an FK constraint, an exception
** is thrown, even if the FK constraint would be satisfied after the new 
** row is inserted.
**
** Immediate constraints are usually handled similarly. The only difference 
** is that the counter used is stored as part of each individual statement
** object (struct Vdbe). If, after the statement has run, its immediate
** constraint counter is greater than zero,
** it returns SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FOREIGNKEY
** and the statement transaction is rolled back. An exception is an INSERT
** statement that inserts a single row only (no triggers). In this case,
** instead of using a counter, an exception is thrown immediately if the
** INSERT violates a foreign key constraint. This is necessary as such
** an INSERT does not open a statement transaction.
**
** TODO: How should dropping a table be handled? How should renaming a 
................................................................................
**   Register (x+3):      3.1  (type real)
*/

/*
** A foreign key constraint requires that the key columns in the parent
** table are collectively subject to a UNIQUE or PRIMARY KEY constraint.
** Given that pParent is the parent table for foreign key constraint pFKey, 
** search the schema for a unique index on the parent key columns. 
**
** If successful, zero is returned. If the parent key is an INTEGER PRIMARY 
** KEY column, then output variable *ppIdx is set to NULL. Otherwise, *ppIdx 
** is set to point to the unique index. 
** 
** If the parent key consists of a single column (the foreign key constraint
** is not a composite foreign key), output variable *paiCol is set to NULL.
................................................................................
**      consists of a a different number of columns to the child key in 
**      the child table.
**
** then non-zero is returned, and a "foreign key mismatch" error loaded
** into pParse. If an OOM error occurs, non-zero is returned and the
** pParse->db->mallocFailed flag is set.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FkLocateIndex(
  Parse *pParse,                  /* Parse context to store any error in */
  Table *pParent,                 /* Parent table of FK constraint pFKey */
  FKey *pFKey,                    /* Foreign key to find index for */
  Index **ppIdx,                  /* OUT: Unique index on parent table */
  int **paiCol                    /* OUT: Map of index columns in pFKey */
){
  Index *pIdx = 0;                    /* Value to return via *ppIdx */
................................................................................
        if( i==nCol ) break;      /* pIdx is usable */
      }
    }
  }

  if( !pIdx ){
    if( !pParse->disableTriggers ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse,
           "foreign key mismatch - \"%w\" referencing \"%w\"",
           pFKey->pFrom->zName, pFKey->zTo);
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(pParse->db, aiCol);
    return 1;
  }

  *ppIdx = pIdx;
  return 0;
................................................................................

  if( !pFKey->isDeferred && !pParse->pToplevel && !pParse->isMultiWrite ){
    /* Special case: If this is an INSERT statement that will insert exactly
    ** one row into the table, raise a constraint immediately instead of
    ** incrementing a counter. This is necessary as the VM code is being
    ** generated for will not open a statement transaction.  */
    assert( nIncr==1 );
    sqlite3HaltConstraint(pParse, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FOREIGNKEY,
        OE_Abort, "foreign key constraint failed", P4_STATIC
    );
  }else{
    if( nIncr>0 && pFKey->isDeferred==0 ){
      sqlite3ParseToplevel(pParse)->mayAbort = 1;
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_FkCounter, pFKey->isDeferred, nIncr);
  }
................................................................................
    pParse->disableTriggers = 0;

    /* If the DELETE has generated immediate foreign key constraint 
    ** violations, halt the VDBE and return an error at this point, before
    ** any modifications to the schema are made. This is because statement
    ** transactions are not able to rollback schema changes.  */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_FkIfZero, 0, sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)+2);
    sqlite3HaltConstraint(pParse, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FOREIGNKEY,
        OE_Abort, "foreign key constraint failed", P4_STATIC
    );

    if( iSkip ){
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iSkip);
    }
  }
}
................................................................................
    ** schema items cannot be located, set an error in pParse and return 
    ** early.  */
    if( pParse->disableTriggers ){
      pTo = sqlite3FindTable(db, pFKey->zTo, zDb);
    }else{
      pTo = sqlite3LocateTable(pParse, 0, pFKey->zTo, zDb);
    }
    if( !pTo || sqlite3FkLocateIndex(pParse, pTo, pFKey, &pIdx, &aiFree) ){
      assert( isIgnoreErrors==0 || (regOld!=0 && regNew==0) );
      if( !isIgnoreErrors || db->mallocFailed ) return;
      if( pTo==0 ){
        /* If isIgnoreErrors is true, then a table is being dropped. In this
        ** case SQLite runs a "DELETE FROM xxx" on the table being dropped
        ** before actually dropping it in order to check FK constraints.
        ** If the parent table of an FK constraint on the current table is
................................................................................
    if( !pFKey->isDeferred && !pParse->pToplevel && !pParse->isMultiWrite ){
      assert( regOld==0 && regNew!=0 );
      /* Inserting a single row into a parent table cannot cause an immediate
      ** foreign key violation. So do nothing in this case.  */
      continue;
    }

    if( sqlite3FkLocateIndex(pParse, pTab, pFKey, &pIdx, &aiCol) ){
      if( !isIgnoreErrors || db->mallocFailed ) return;
      continue;
    }
    assert( aiCol || pFKey->nCol==1 );

    /* Create a SrcList structure containing a single table (the table 
    ** the foreign key that refers to this table is attached to). This
................................................................................
    FKey *p;
    int i;
    for(p=pTab->pFKey; p; p=p->pNextFrom){
      for(i=0; i<p->nCol; i++) mask |= COLUMN_MASK(p->aCol[i].iFrom);
    }
    for(p=sqlite3FkReferences(pTab); p; p=p->pNextTo){
      Index *pIdx = 0;
      sqlite3FkLocateIndex(pParse, pTab, p, &pIdx, 0);
      if( pIdx ){
        for(i=0; i<pIdx->nColumn; i++) mask |= COLUMN_MASK(pIdx->aiColumn[i]);
      }
    }
  }
  return mask;
}
................................................................................
    TriggerStep *pStep = 0;        /* First (only) step of trigger program */
    Expr *pWhere = 0;             /* WHERE clause of trigger step */
    ExprList *pList = 0;          /* Changes list if ON UPDATE CASCADE */
    Select *pSelect = 0;          /* If RESTRICT, "SELECT RAISE(...)" */
    int i;                        /* Iterator variable */
    Expr *pWhen = 0;              /* WHEN clause for the trigger */

    if( sqlite3FkLocateIndex(pParse, pTab, pFKey, &pIdx, &aiCol) ) return 0;
    assert( aiCol || pFKey->nCol==1 );

    for(i=0; i<pFKey->nCol; i++){
      Token tOld = { "old", 3 };  /* Literal "old" token */
      Token tNew = { "new", 3 };  /* Literal "new" token */
      Token tFromCol;             /* Name of column in child table */
      Token tToCol;               /* Name of column in parent table */
................................................................................
    switch( onError ){
      case OE_Abort:
        sqlite3MayAbort(pParse);
      case OE_Rollback:
      case OE_Fail: {
        char *zMsg;
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_HaltIfNull,
                          SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_NOTNULL, onError, regData+i);
        zMsg = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s.%s may not be NULL",
                              pTab->zName, pTab->aCol[i].zName);
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, zMsg, P4_DYNAMIC);
        break;
      }
      case OE_Ignore: {
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, regData+i, ignoreDest);
................................................................................
        char *zConsName = pCheck->a[i].zName;
        if( onError==OE_Replace ) onError = OE_Abort; /* IMP: R-15569-63625 */
        if( zConsName ){
          zConsName = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "constraint %s failed", zConsName);
        }else{
          zConsName = 0;
        }
        sqlite3HaltConstraint(pParse, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_CHECK,
                              onError, zConsName, P4_DYNAMIC);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, allOk);
    }
  }
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK) */

  /* If we have an INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, make sure the primary key
................................................................................
      default: {
        onError = OE_Abort;
        /* Fall thru into the next case */
      }
      case OE_Rollback:
      case OE_Abort:
      case OE_Fail: {
        sqlite3HaltConstraint(pParse, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_PRIMARYKEY,
           onError, "PRIMARY KEY must be unique", P4_STATIC);
        break;
      }
      case OE_Replace: {
        /* If there are DELETE triggers on this table and the
        ** recursive-triggers flag is set, call GenerateRowDelete() to
        ** remove the conflicting row from the table. This will fire
        ** the triggers and remove both the table and index b-tree entries.
................................................................................
          sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&errMsg, zSep, -1);
          zSep = ", ";
          sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&errMsg, zCol, -1);
        }
        sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&errMsg,
            pIdx->nColumn>1 ? " are not unique" : " is not unique", -1);
        zErr = sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&errMsg);
        sqlite3HaltConstraint(pParse, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_UNIQUE,
                              onError, zErr, 0);
        sqlite3DbFree(errMsg.db, zErr);
        break;
      }
      case OE_Ignore: {
        assert( seenReplace==0 );
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, ignoreDest);
        break;
................................................................................
  sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, iSrc, iDbSrc, pSrc, OP_OpenRead);
  emptySrcTest = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iSrc, 0);
  regData = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
  regRowid = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
  if( pDest->iPKey>=0 ){
    addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, iSrc, regRowid);
    addr2 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iDest, 0, regRowid);
    sqlite3HaltConstraint(pParse, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_PRIMARYKEY,
        onError, "PRIMARY KEY must be unique", P4_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr2);
    autoIncStep(pParse, regAutoinc, regRowid);
  }else if( pDest->pIndex==0 ){
    addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iDest, regRowid);
  }else{
    addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, iSrc, regRowid);
    assert( (pDest->tabFlags & TF_Autoincrement)==0 );
................................................................................
  int (*unlock_notify)(sqlite3*,void(*)(void**,int),void*);
  int (*wal_autocheckpoint)(sqlite3*,int);
  int (*wal_checkpoint)(sqlite3*,const char*);
  void *(*wal_hook)(sqlite3*,int(*)(void*,sqlite3*,const char*,int),void*);
  int (*blob_reopen)(sqlite3_blob*,sqlite3_int64);
  int (*vtab_config)(sqlite3*,int op,...);
  int (*vtab_on_conflict)(sqlite3*);
  /* Version 3.7.16 and later */
  int (*close_v2)(sqlite3*);
  const char *(*db_filename)(sqlite3*,const char*);
  int (*db_readonly)(sqlite3*,const char*);
  int (*db_release_memory)(sqlite3*);
  const char *(*errstr)(int);
  int (*stmt_busy)(sqlite3_stmt*);
  int (*stmt_readonly)(sqlite3_stmt*);
  int (*stricmp)(const char*,const char*);
  int (*uri_boolean)(const char*,const char*,int);
  sqlite3_int64 (*uri_int64)(const char*,const char*,sqlite3_int64);
  const char *(*uri_parameter)(const char*,const char*);
  char *(*vsnprintf)(int,char*,const char*,va_list);
  int (*wal_checkpoint_v2)(sqlite3*,const char*,int,int*,int*);
};

/*
** The following macros redefine the API routines so that they are
** redirected throught the global sqlite3_api structure.
**
** This header file is also used by the loadext.c source file
................................................................................
#define sqlite3_unlock_notify          sqlite3_api->unlock_notify
#define sqlite3_wal_autocheckpoint     sqlite3_api->wal_autocheckpoint
#define sqlite3_wal_checkpoint         sqlite3_api->wal_checkpoint
#define sqlite3_wal_hook               sqlite3_api->wal_hook
#define sqlite3_blob_reopen            sqlite3_api->blob_reopen
#define sqlite3_vtab_config            sqlite3_api->vtab_config
#define sqlite3_vtab_on_conflict       sqlite3_api->vtab_on_conflict
/* Version 3.7.16 and later */
#define sqlite3_close_v2               sqlite3_api->close_v2
#define sqlite3_db_filename            sqlite3_api->db_filename
#define sqlite3_db_readonly            sqlite3_api->db_readonly
#define sqlite3_db_release_memory      sqlite3_api->db_release_memory
#define sqlite3_errstr                 sqlite3_api->errstr
#define sqlite3_stmt_busy              sqlite3_api->stmt_busy
#define sqlite3_stmt_readonly          sqlite3_api->stmt_readonly
#define sqlite3_stricmp                sqlite3_api->stricmp
#define sqlite3_uri_boolean            sqlite3_api->uri_boolean
#define sqlite3_uri_int64              sqlite3_api->uri_int64
#define sqlite3_uri_parameter          sqlite3_api->uri_parameter
#define sqlite3_uri_vsnprintf          sqlite3_api->vsnprintf
#define sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2      sqlite3_api->wal_checkpoint_v2
#endif /* SQLITE_CORE */

#define SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT1     const sqlite3_api_routines *sqlite3_api = 0;
#define SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT2(v)  sqlite3_api = v;

#endif /* _SQLITE3EXT_H_ */

................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOMATIC_INDEX
    { "automatic_index",          SQLITE_AutoIndex     },
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    { "sql_trace",                SQLITE_SqlTrace      },
    { "vdbe_listing",             SQLITE_VdbeListing   },
    { "vdbe_trace",               SQLITE_VdbeTrace     },
    { "vdbe_addoptrace",          SQLITE_VdbeAddopTrace},
    { "vdbe_debug",    SQLITE_SqlTrace | SQLITE_VdbeListing
                               | SQLITE_VdbeTrace      },
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK
    { "ignore_check_constraints", SQLITE_IgnoreChecks  },
#endif
    /* The following is VERY experimental */
    { "writable_schema",          SQLITE_WriteSchema|SQLITE_RecoveryMode },

................................................................................
  ** dflt_value: The default value for the column, if any.
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "table_info")==0 && zRight ){
    Table *pTab;
    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ) goto pragma_out;
    pTab = sqlite3FindTable(db, zRight, zDb);
    if( pTab ){
      int i, k;
      int nHidden = 0;
      Column *pCol;
      Index *pPk;
      for(pPk=pTab->pIndex; pPk && pPk->autoIndex!=2; pPk=pPk->pNext){}
      sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 6);
      pParse->nMem = 6;
      sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "cid", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 1, COLNAME_NAME, "name", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 2, COLNAME_NAME, "type", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 3, COLNAME_NAME, "notnull", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 4, COLNAME_NAME, "dflt_value", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 5, COLNAME_NAME, "pk", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3ViewGetColumnNames(pParse, pTab);
................................................................................
           pCol->zType ? pCol->zType : "", 0);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, (pCol->notNull ? 1 : 0), 4);
        if( pCol->zDflt ){
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 5, 0, (char*)pCol->zDflt, 0);
        }else{
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, 5);
        }
        if( (pCol->colFlags & COLFLAG_PRIMKEY)==0 ){
          k = 0;
        }else if( pPk==0 ){
          k = 1;
        }else{
          for(k=1; ALWAYS(k<=pTab->nCol) && pPk->aiColumn[k-1]!=i; k++){}
        }
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, k, 6);

        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 6);
      }
    }
  }else

  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "index_info")==0 && zRight ){
    Index *pIdx;
................................................................................
    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ) goto pragma_out;
    pIdx = sqlite3FindIndex(db, zRight, zDb);
    if( pIdx ){
      int i;
      pTab = pIdx->pTable;
      sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 3);
      pParse->nMem = 3;
      sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "seqno", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 1, COLNAME_NAME, "cid", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 2, COLNAME_NAME, "name", SQLITE_STATIC);
      for(i=0; i<pIdx->nColumn; i++){
        int cnum = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i, 1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, cnum, 2);
................................................................................
    if( pTab ){
      v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
      pIdx = pTab->pIndex;
      if( pIdx ){
        int i = 0; 
        sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 3);
        pParse->nMem = 3;
        sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "seq", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 1, COLNAME_NAME, "name", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 2, COLNAME_NAME, "unique", SQLITE_STATIC);
        while(pIdx){
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i, 1);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 2, 0, pIdx->zName, 0);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, pIdx->onError!=OE_None, 3);
................................................................................
    if( pTab ){
      v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
      pFK = pTab->pFKey;
      if( pFK ){
        int i = 0; 
        sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 8);
        pParse->nMem = 8;
        sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "id", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 1, COLNAME_NAME, "seq", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 2, COLNAME_NAME, "table", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 3, COLNAME_NAME, "from", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 4, COLNAME_NAME, "to", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 5, COLNAME_NAME, "on_update", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 6, COLNAME_NAME, "on_delete", SQLITE_STATIC);
................................................................................
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 8);
          }
          ++i;
          pFK = pFK->pNextFrom;
        }
      }
    }
  }else
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY) */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "foreign_key_check")==0 ){
    FKey *pFK;             /* A foreign key constraint */
    Table *pTab;           /* Child table contain "REFERENCES" keyword */
    Table *pParent;        /* Parent table that child points to */
    Index *pIdx;           /* Index in the parent table */
    int i;                 /* Loop counter:  Foreign key number for pTab */
    int j;                 /* Loop counter:  Field of the foreign key */
    HashElem *k;           /* Loop counter:  Next table in schema */
    int x;                 /* result variable */
    int regResult;         /* 3 registers to hold a result row */
    int regKey;            /* Register to hold key for checking the FK */
    int regRow;            /* Registers to hold a row from pTab */
    int addrTop;           /* Top of a loop checking foreign keys */
    int addrOk;            /* Jump here if the key is OK */
    int *aiCols;           /* child to parent column mapping */

    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ) goto pragma_out;
    regResult = pParse->nMem+1;
    pParse->nMem += 4;
    regKey = ++pParse->nMem;
    regRow = ++pParse->nMem;
    v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 4);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "table", SQLITE_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 1, COLNAME_NAME, "rowid", SQLITE_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 2, COLNAME_NAME, "parent", SQLITE_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 3, COLNAME_NAME, "fkid", SQLITE_STATIC);
    sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
    k = sqliteHashFirst(&db->aDb[iDb].pSchema->tblHash);
    while( k ){
      if( zRight ){
        pTab = sqlite3LocateTable(pParse, 0, zRight, zDb);
        k = 0;
      }else{
        pTab = (Table*)sqliteHashData(k);
        k = sqliteHashNext(k);
      }
      if( pTab==0 || pTab->pFKey==0 ) continue;
      sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, pTab->tnum, 0, pTab->zName);
      if( pTab->nCol+regRow>pParse->nMem ) pParse->nMem = pTab->nCol + regRow;
      sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, 0, iDb, pTab, OP_OpenRead);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, regResult, 0, pTab->zName,
                        P4_TRANSIENT);
      for(i=1, pFK=pTab->pFKey; pFK; i++, pFK=pFK->pNextFrom){
        pParent = sqlite3LocateTable(pParse, 0, pFK->zTo, zDb);
        if( pParent==0 ) break;
        pIdx = 0;
        sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, pParent->tnum, 0, pParent->zName);
        x = sqlite3FkLocateIndex(pParse, pParent, pFK, &pIdx, 0);
        if( x==0 ){
          if( pIdx==0 ){
            sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, i, iDb, pParent, OP_OpenRead);
          }else{
            KeyInfo *pKey = sqlite3IndexKeyinfo(pParse, pIdx);
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenRead, i, pIdx->tnum, iDb);
            sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char*)pKey, P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF);
          }
        }else{
          k = 0;
          break;
        }
      }
      if( pFK ) break;
      if( pParse->nTab<i ) pParse->nTab = i;
      addrTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Rewind, 0);
      for(i=1, pFK=pTab->pFKey; pFK; i++, pFK=pFK->pNextFrom){
        pParent = sqlite3LocateTable(pParse, 0, pFK->zTo, zDb);
        assert( pParent!=0 );
        pIdx = 0;
        aiCols = 0;
        x = sqlite3FkLocateIndex(pParse, pParent, pFK, &pIdx, &aiCols);
        assert( x==0 );
        addrOk = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
        if( pIdx==0 ){
          int iKey = pFK->aCol[0].iFrom;
          assert( iKey>=0 && iKey<pTab->nCol );
          if( iKey!=pTab->iPKey ){
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, 0, iKey, regRow);
            sqlite3ColumnDefault(v, pTab, iKey, regRow);
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, regRow, addrOk);
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_MustBeInt, regRow,
               sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)+3);
          }else{
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, 0, regRow);
          }
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, i, 0, regRow);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, addrOk);
          sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)-2);
        }else{
          for(j=0; j<pFK->nCol; j++){
            sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, 0,
                            aiCols ? aiCols[j] : pFK->aCol[0].iFrom, regRow+j);
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, regRow+j, addrOk);
          }
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regRow, pFK->nCol, regKey);
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1,
                   sqlite3IndexAffinityStr(v,pIdx), P4_TRANSIENT);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_Found, i, addrOk, regKey, 0);
        }
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, 0, regResult+1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, regResult+2, 0, 
                          pFK->zTo, P4_TRANSIENT);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i-1, regResult+3);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, regResult, 4);
        sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrOk);
        sqlite3DbFree(db, aiCols);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, 0, addrTop+1);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrTop);
    }
  }else
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY) */

#ifndef NDEBUG
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "parser_trace")==0 ){
    if( zRight ){
      if( sqlite3GetBoolean(zRight, 0) ){
................................................................................
      sqlite3_key(db, zKey, i/2);
    }else{
      sqlite3_rekey(db, zKey, i/2);
    }
  }else
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_HAS_CODEC) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_CEROD)
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "activate_extensions")==0 && zRight ){
#ifdef SQLITE_HAS_CODEC
    if( sqlite3StrNICmp(zRight, "see-", 4)==0 ){
      sqlite3_activate_see(&zRight[4]);
    }
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_CEROD
    if( sqlite3StrNICmp(zRight, "cerod-", 6)==0 ){
................................................................................
  Parse *pParse,        /* Parsing context */
  ExprList *pEList,     /* which columns to include in the result */
  SrcList *pSrc,        /* the FROM clause -- which tables to scan */
  Expr *pWhere,         /* the WHERE clause */
  ExprList *pGroupBy,   /* the GROUP BY clause */
  Expr *pHaving,        /* the HAVING clause */
  ExprList *pOrderBy,   /* the ORDER BY clause */
  u16 selFlags,         /* Flag parameters, such as SF_Distinct */
  Expr *pLimit,         /* LIMIT value.  NULL means not used */
  Expr *pOffset         /* OFFSET value.  NULL means no offset */
){
  Select *pNew;
  Select standin;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  pNew = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(*pNew) );
................................................................................
  pNew->pEList = pEList;
  if( pSrc==0 ) pSrc = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(*pSrc));
  pNew->pSrc = pSrc;
  pNew->pWhere = pWhere;
  pNew->pGroupBy = pGroupBy;
  pNew->pHaving = pHaving;
  pNew->pOrderBy = pOrderBy;
  pNew->selFlags = selFlags;
  pNew->op = TK_SELECT;
  pNew->pLimit = pLimit;
  pNew->pOffset = pOffset;
  assert( pOffset==0 || pLimit!=0 );
  pNew->addrOpenEphm[0] = -1;
  pNew->addrOpenEphm[1] = -1;
  pNew->addrOpenEphm[2] = -1;
................................................................................
  *pnCol = nCol;
  *paCol = aCol;

  for(i=0, pCol=aCol; i<nCol; i++, pCol++){
    /* Get an appropriate name for the column
    */
    p = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pEList->a[i].pExpr);


    if( (zName = pEList->a[i].zName)!=0 ){
      /* If the column contains an "AS <name>" phrase, use <name> as the name */
      zName = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, zName);
    }else{
      Expr *pColExpr = p;  /* The expression that is the result column name */
      Table *pTab;         /* Table associated with this expression */
      while( pColExpr->op==TK_DOT ){
................................................................................
    /* Make sure the column name is unique.  If the name is not unique,
    ** append a integer to the name so that it becomes unique.
    */
    nName = sqlite3Strlen30(zName);
    for(j=cnt=0; j<i; j++){
      if( sqlite3StrICmp(aCol[j].zName, zName)==0 ){
        char *zNewName;
        int k;
        for(k=nName-1; k>1 && sqlite3Isdigit(zName[k]); k--){}
        if( zName[k]==':' ) nName = k;
        zName[nName] = 0;
        zNewName = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s:%d", zName, ++cnt);
        sqlite3DbFree(db, zName);
        zName = zNewName;
        j = -1;
        if( zName==0 ) break;
      }
................................................................................
  /* Generate code for the left and right SELECT statements.
  */
  switch( p->op ){
    case TK_ALL: {
      int addr = 0;
      int nLimit;
      assert( !pPrior->pLimit );
      pPrior->iLimit = p->iLimit;
      pPrior->iOffset = p->iOffset;
      pPrior->pLimit = p->pLimit;
      pPrior->pOffset = p->pOffset;
      explainSetInteger(iSub1, pParse->iNextSelectId);
      rc = sqlite3Select(pParse, pPrior, &dest);
      p->pLimit = 0;
      p->pOffset = 0;
      if( rc ){
................................................................................
  **
  ** We call this the "compound-subquery flattening".
  */
  for(pSub=pSub->pPrior; pSub; pSub=pSub->pPrior){
    Select *pNew;
    ExprList *pOrderBy = p->pOrderBy;
    Expr *pLimit = p->pLimit;
    Expr *pOffset = p->pOffset;
    Select *pPrior = p->pPrior;
    p->pOrderBy = 0;
    p->pSrc = 0;
    p->pPrior = 0;
    p->pLimit = 0;
    p->pOffset = 0;
    pNew = sqlite3SelectDup(db, p, 0);
    p->pOffset = pOffset;
    p->pLimit = pLimit;
    p->pOrderBy = pOrderBy;
    p->pSrc = pSrc;
    p->op = TK_ALL;
    p->pRightmost = 0;
    if( pNew==0 ){
      pNew = pPrior;
................................................................................
  sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pSub1);

  return 1;
}
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) */

/*
** Based on the contents of the AggInfo structure indicated by the first
** argument, this function checks if the following are true:
**
**    * the query contains just a single aggregate function,
**    * the aggregate function is either min() or max(), and
**    * the argument to the aggregate function is a column value.
**
** If all of the above are true, then WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN or WHERE_ORDERBY_MAX
** is returned as appropriate. Also, *ppMinMax is set to point to the 
** list of arguments passed to the aggregate before returning.
**
** Or, if the conditions above are not met, *ppMinMax is set to 0 and
** WHERE_ORDERBY_NORMAL is returned.
*/
static u8 minMaxQuery(AggInfo *pAggInfo, ExprList **ppMinMax){
  int eRet = WHERE_ORDERBY_NORMAL;          /* Return value */

  *ppMinMax = 0;
  if( pAggInfo->nFunc==1 ){
    Expr *pExpr = pAggInfo->aFunc[0].pExpr; /* Aggregate function */
    ExprList *pEList = pExpr->x.pList;      /* Arguments to agg function */

    assert( pExpr->op==TK_AGG_FUNCTION );
    if( pEList && pEList->nExpr==1 && pEList->a[0].pExpr->op==TK_AGG_COLUMN ){
      const char *zFunc = pExpr->u.zToken;
      if( sqlite3StrICmp(zFunc, "min")==0 ){
        eRet = WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN;
        *ppMinMax = pEList;
      }else if( sqlite3StrICmp(zFunc, "max")==0 ){
        eRet = WHERE_ORDERBY_MAX;
        *ppMinMax = pEList;
      }
    }
  }

  assert( *ppMinMax==0 || (*ppMinMax)->nExpr==1 );
  return eRet;
}

/*
** The select statement passed as the first argument is an aggregate query.
** The second argment is the associated aggregate-info object. This 
** function tests if the SELECT is of the form:
**
................................................................................
static int selectExpander(Walker *pWalker, Select *p){
  Parse *pParse = pWalker->pParse;
  int i, j, k;
  SrcList *pTabList;
  ExprList *pEList;
  struct SrcList_item *pFrom;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  Expr *pE, *pRight, *pExpr;
  u16 selFlags = p->selFlags;

  p->selFlags |= SF_Expanded;
  if( db->mallocFailed  ){
    return WRC_Abort;
  }
  if( NEVER(p->pSrc==0) || (selFlags & SF_Expanded)!=0 ){
    return WRC_Prune;
  }

  pTabList = p->pSrc;
  pEList = p->pEList;

  /* Make sure cursor numbers have been assigned to all entries in
  ** the FROM clause of the SELECT statement.
  */
  sqlite3SrcListAssignCursors(pParse, pTabList);
................................................................................
      pTab->tabFlags |= TF_Ephemeral;
#endif
    }else{
      /* An ordinary table or view name in the FROM clause */
      assert( pFrom->pTab==0 );
      pFrom->pTab = pTab = sqlite3LocateTableItem(pParse, 0, pFrom);
      if( pTab==0 ) return WRC_Abort;
      if( pTab->nRef==0xffff ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "too many references to \"%s\": max 65535",
           pTab->zName);
        pFrom->pTab = 0;
        return WRC_Abort;
      }
      pTab->nRef++;
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) || !defined (SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE)
      if( pTab->pSelect || IsVirtual(pTab) ){
        /* We reach here if the named table is a really a view */
        if( sqlite3ViewGetColumnNames(pParse, pTab) ) return WRC_Abort;
        assert( pFrom->pSelect==0 );
        pFrom->pSelect = sqlite3SelectDup(db, pTab->pSelect, 0);
................................................................................
  ** The following code just has to locate the TK_ALL expressions and expand
  ** each one to the list of all columns in all tables.
  **
  ** The first loop just checks to see if there are any "*" operators
  ** that need expanding.
  */
  for(k=0; k<pEList->nExpr; k++){
    pE = pEList->a[k].pExpr;
    if( pE->op==TK_ALL ) break;
    assert( pE->op!=TK_DOT || pE->pRight!=0 );
    assert( pE->op!=TK_DOT || (pE->pLeft!=0 && pE->pLeft->op==TK_ID) );
    if( pE->op==TK_DOT && pE->pRight->op==TK_ALL ) break;
  }
  if( k<pEList->nExpr ){
    /*
................................................................................
    */
    struct ExprList_item *a = pEList->a;
    ExprList *pNew = 0;
    int flags = pParse->db->flags;
    int longNames = (flags & SQLITE_FullColNames)!=0
                      && (flags & SQLITE_ShortColNames)==0;

    /* When processing FROM-clause subqueries, it is always the case
    ** that full_column_names=OFF and short_column_names=ON.  The
    ** sqlite3ResultSetOfSelect() routine makes it so. */
    assert( (p->selFlags & SF_NestedFrom)==0
          || ((flags & SQLITE_FullColNames)==0 &&
              (flags & SQLITE_ShortColNames)!=0) );

    for(k=0; k<pEList->nExpr; k++){
      pE = a[k].pExpr;
      pRight = pE->pRight;
      assert( pE->op!=TK_DOT || pRight!=0 );
      if( pE->op!=TK_ALL && (pE->op!=TK_DOT || pRight->op!=TK_ALL) ){
        /* This particular expression does not need to be expanded.
        */
        pNew = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, pNew, a[k].pExpr);
        if( pNew ){
          pNew->a[pNew->nExpr-1].zName = a[k].zName;
          pNew->a[pNew->nExpr-1].zSpan = a[k].zSpan;
          a[k].zName = 0;
................................................................................
          a[k].zSpan = 0;
        }
        a[k].pExpr = 0;
      }else{
        /* This expression is a "*" or a "TABLE.*" and needs to be
        ** expanded. */
        int tableSeen = 0;      /* Set to 1 when TABLE matches */
        char *zTName = 0;       /* text of name of TABLE */
        if( pE->op==TK_DOT ){
          assert( pE->pLeft!=0 );
          assert( !ExprHasProperty(pE->pLeft, EP_IntValue) );
          zTName = pE->pLeft->u.zToken;


        }
        for(i=0, pFrom=pTabList->a; i<pTabList->nSrc; i++, pFrom++){
          Table *pTab = pFrom->pTab;
          Select *pSub = pFrom->pSelect;
          char *zTabName = pFrom->zAlias;
          const char *zSchemaName = 0;
          int iDb;
          if( zTabName==0 ){
            zTabName = pTab->zName;
          }
          if( db->mallocFailed ) break;
          if( pSub==0 || (pSub->selFlags & SF_NestedFrom)==0 ){
            pSub = 0;
            if( zTName && sqlite3StrICmp(zTName, zTabName)!=0 ){
              continue;
            }

            iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pTab->pSchema);
            zSchemaName = iDb>=0 ? db->aDb[iDb].zName : "*";
          }
          for(j=0; j<pTab->nCol; j++){

            char *zName = pTab->aCol[j].zName;
            char *zColname;  /* The computed column name */
            char *zToFree;   /* Malloced string that needs to be freed */
            Token sColname;  /* Computed column name as a token */

            assert( zName );
            if( zTName && pSub
             && sqlite3MatchSpanName(pSub->pEList->a[j].zSpan, 0, zTName, 0)==0
            ){
              continue;
            }

            /* If a column is marked as 'hidden' (currently only possible
            ** for virtual tables), do not include it in the expanded
            ** result-set list.
            */
            if( IsHiddenColumn(&pTab->aCol[j]) ){
              assert(IsVirtual(pTab));
              continue;
            }
            tableSeen = 1;

            if( i>0 && zTName==0 ){
              if( (pFrom->jointype & JT_NATURAL)!=0
                && tableAndColumnIndex(pTabList, i, zName, 0, 0)
              ){
                /* In a NATURAL join, omit the join columns from the 
                ** table to the right of the join */
................................................................................
            pRight = sqlite3Expr(db, TK_ID, zName);
            zColname = zName;
            zToFree = 0;
            if( longNames || pTabList->nSrc>1 ){
              Expr *pLeft;
              pLeft = sqlite3Expr(db, TK_ID, zTabName);
              pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, pLeft, pRight, 0);
              if( zSchemaName ){
                pLeft = sqlite3Expr(db, TK_ID, zSchemaName);
                pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, pLeft, pExpr, 0);
              }
              if( longNames ){
                zColname = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s.%s", zTabName, zName);
                zToFree = zColname;
              }
            }else{
              pExpr = pRight;
            }
            pNew = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, pNew, pExpr);
            sColname.z = zColname;
            sColname.n = sqlite3Strlen30(zColname);
            sqlite3ExprListSetName(pParse, pNew, &sColname, 0);
            if( pNew && (p->selFlags & SF_NestedFrom)!=0 ){
              struct ExprList_item *pX = &pNew->a[pNew->nExpr-1];
              if( pSub ){
                pX->zSpan = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pSub->pEList->a[j].zSpan);
                testcase( pX->zSpan==0 );
              }else{
                pX->zSpan = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s.%s.%s",
                                           zSchemaName, zTabName, zColname);
                testcase( pX->zSpan==0 );
              }
              pX->bSpanIsTab = 1;
            }
            sqlite3DbFree(db, zToFree);
          }
        }
        if( !tableSeen ){
          if( zTName ){
            sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "no such table: %s", zTName);
          }else{
................................................................................
  Parse *pParse,         /* The parser context */
  Select *p,             /* The SELECT statement being coded. */
  NameContext *pOuterNC  /* Name context for container */
){
  sqlite3 *db;
  if( NEVER(p==0) ) return;
  db = pParse->db;
  if( db->mallocFailed ) return;
  if( p->selFlags & SF_HasTypeInfo ) return;
  sqlite3SelectExpand(pParse, p);
  if( pParse->nErr || db->mallocFailed ) return;
  sqlite3ResolveSelectNames(pParse, p, pOuterNC);
  if( pParse->nErr || db->mallocFailed ) return;
  sqlite3SelectAddTypeInfo(pParse, p);
}
................................................................................
        **
        **   + The optimizer code in where.c (the thing that decides which
        **     index or indices to use) should place a different priority on 
        **     satisfying the 'ORDER BY' clause than it does in other cases.
        **     Refer to code and comments in where.c for details.
        */
        ExprList *pMinMax = 0;
        u8 flag = WHERE_ORDERBY_NORMAL;
        
        assert( p->pGroupBy==0 );
        assert( flag==0 );
        if( p->pHaving==0 ){
          flag = minMaxQuery(&sAggInfo, &pMinMax);
        }
        assert( flag==0 || (pMinMax!=0 && pMinMax->nExpr==1) );

        if( flag ){


          pMinMax = sqlite3ExprListDup(db, pMinMax, 0);
          pDel = pMinMax;
          if( pMinMax && !db->mallocFailed ){
            pMinMax->a[0].sortOrder = flag!=WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN ?1:0;
            pMinMax->a[0].pExpr->op = TK_COLUMN;
          }
        }
  
................................................................................
  }
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExplainSelect(Vdbe *pVdbe, Select *p){
  if( p==0 ){
    sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pVdbe, "(null-select)");
    return;
  }
  while( p->pPrior ){
    p->pPrior->pNext = p;
    p = p->pPrior;
  }
  sqlite3ExplainPush(pVdbe);
  while( p ){
    explainOneSelect(pVdbe, p);
    p = p->pNext;
    if( p==0 ) break;
    sqlite3ExplainNL(pVdbe);
    sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pVdbe, "%s\n", selectOpName(p->op));
................................................................................
typedef struct WhereTerm WhereTerm;
struct WhereTerm {
  Expr *pExpr;            /* Pointer to the subexpression that is this term */
  int iParent;            /* Disable pWC->a[iParent] when this term disabled */
  int leftCursor;         /* Cursor number of X in "X <op> <expr>" */
  union {
    int leftColumn;         /* Column number of X in "X <op> <expr>" */
    WhereOrInfo *pOrInfo;   /* Extra information if (eOperator & WO_OR)!=0 */
    WhereAndInfo *pAndInfo; /* Extra information if (eOperator& WO_AND)!=0 */
  } u;
  u16 eOperator;          /* A WO_xx value describing <op> */
  u8 wtFlags;             /* TERM_xxx bit flags.  See below */
  u8 nChild;              /* Number of children that must disable us */
  WhereClause *pWC;       /* The clause this term is part of */
  Bitmask prereqRight;    /* Bitmask of tables used by pExpr->pRight */
  Bitmask prereqAll;      /* Bitmask of tables referenced by pExpr */
................................................................................
** There are separate WhereClause objects for the whole clause and for
** the subclauses "(b AND c)" and "(d AND e)".  The pOuter field of the
** subclauses points to the WhereClause object for the whole clause.
*/
struct WhereClause {
  Parse *pParse;           /* The parser context */
  WhereMaskSet *pMaskSet;  /* Mapping of table cursor numbers to bitmasks */

  WhereClause *pOuter;     /* Outer conjunction */
  u8 op;                   /* Split operator.  TK_AND or TK_OR */
  u16 wctrlFlags;          /* Might include WHERE_AND_ONLY */
  int nTerm;               /* Number of terms */
  int nSlot;               /* Number of entries in a[] */
  WhereTerm *a;            /* Each a[] describes a term of the WHERE cluase */
#if defined(SQLITE_SMALL_STACK)
................................................................................
#define WO_LE     (WO_EQ<<(TK_LE-TK_EQ))
#define WO_GT     (WO_EQ<<(TK_GT-TK_EQ))
#define WO_GE     (WO_EQ<<(TK_GE-TK_EQ))
#define WO_MATCH  0x040
#define WO_ISNULL 0x080
#define WO_OR     0x100       /* Two or more OR-connected terms */
#define WO_AND    0x200       /* Two or more AND-connected terms */
#define WO_EQUIV  0x400       /* Of the form A==B, both columns */
#define WO_NOOP   0x800       /* This term does not restrict search space */

#define WO_ALL    0xfff       /* Mask of all possible WO_* values */
#define WO_SINGLE 0x0ff       /* Mask of all non-compound WO_* values */

/*
** Value for wsFlags returned by bestIndex() and stored in
................................................................................
#define WHERE_ROWID_RANGE  0x00002000  /* rowid<EXPR and/or rowid>EXPR */
#define WHERE_COLUMN_EQ    0x00010000  /* x=EXPR or x IN (...) or x IS NULL */
#define WHERE_COLUMN_RANGE 0x00020000  /* x<EXPR and/or x>EXPR */
#define WHERE_COLUMN_IN    0x00040000  /* x IN (...) */
#define WHERE_COLUMN_NULL  0x00080000  /* x IS NULL */
#define WHERE_INDEXED      0x000f0000  /* Anything that uses an index */
#define WHERE_NOT_FULLSCAN 0x100f3000  /* Does not do a full table scan */
#define WHERE_IN_ABLE      0x080f1000  /* Able to support an IN operator */
#define WHERE_TOP_LIMIT    0x00100000  /* x<EXPR or x<=EXPR constraint */
#define WHERE_BTM_LIMIT    0x00200000  /* x>EXPR or x>=EXPR constraint */
#define WHERE_BOTH_LIMIT   0x00300000  /* Both x>EXPR and x<EXPR */
#define WHERE_IDX_ONLY     0x00400000  /* Use index only - omit table */
#define WHERE_ORDERED      0x00800000  /* Output will appear in correct order */
#define WHERE_REVERSE      0x01000000  /* Scan in reverse order */
#define WHERE_UNIQUE       0x02000000  /* Selects no more than one row */
................................................................................
){
  pWC->pParse = pParse;
  pWC->pMaskSet = pMaskSet;
  pWC->pOuter = 0;
  pWC->nTerm = 0;
  pWC->nSlot = ArraySize(pWC->aStatic);
  pWC->a = pWC->aStatic;

  pWC->wctrlFlags = wctrlFlags;
}

/* Forward reference */
static void whereClauseClear(WhereClause*);

/*
................................................................................
}

/*
** Search for a term in the WHERE clause that is of the form "X <op> <expr>"
** where X is a reference to the iColumn of table iCur and <op> is one of
** the WO_xx operator codes specified by the op parameter.
** Return a pointer to the term.  Return 0 if not found.
**
** The term returned might by Y=<expr> if there is another constraint in
** the WHERE clause that specifies that X=Y.  Any such constraints will be
** identified by the WO_EQUIV bit in the pTerm->eOperator field.  The
** aEquiv[] array holds X and all its equivalents, with each SQL variable
** taking up two slots in aEquiv[].  The first slot is for the cursor number
** and the second is for the column number.  There are 22 slots in aEquiv[]
** so that means we can look for X plus up to 10 other equivalent values.
** Hence a search for X will return <expr> if X=A1 and A1=A2 and A2=A3
** and ... and A9=A10 and A10=<expr>.
**
** If there are multiple terms in the WHERE clause of the form "X <op> <expr>"
** then try for the one with no dependencies on <expr> - in other words where
** <expr> is a constant expression of some kind.  Only return entries of
** the form "X <op> Y" where Y is a column in another table if no terms of
** the form "X <op> <const-expr>" exist.  Other than this priority, if there
** are two or more terms that match, then the choice of which term to return
** is arbitrary.
*/
static WhereTerm *findTerm(
  WhereClause *pWC,     /* The WHERE clause to be searched */
  int iCur,             /* Cursor number of LHS */
  int iColumn,          /* Column number of LHS */
  Bitmask notReady,     /* RHS must not overlap with this mask */
  u32 op,               /* Mask of WO_xx values describing operator */
  Index *pIdx           /* Must be compatible with this index, if not NULL */
){
  WhereTerm *pTerm;            /* Term being examined as possible result */
  WhereTerm *pResult = 0;      /* The answer to return */
  WhereClause *pWCOrig = pWC;  /* Original pWC value */
  int j, k;                    /* Loop counters */
  Expr *pX;                /* Pointer to an expression */
  Parse *pParse;           /* Parsing context */
  int iOrigCol = iColumn;  /* Original value of iColumn */
  int nEquiv = 2;          /* Number of entires in aEquiv[] */
  int iEquiv = 2;          /* Number of entries of aEquiv[] processed so far */
  int aEquiv[22];          /* iCur,iColumn and up to 10 other equivalents */

  assert( iCur>=0 );

  aEquiv[0] = iCur;
  aEquiv[1] = iColumn;
  for(;;){
    for(pWC=pWCOrig; pWC; pWC=pWC->pOuter){
      for(pTerm=pWC->a, k=pWC->nTerm; k; k--, pTerm++){
        if( pTerm->leftCursor==iCur

          && pTerm->u.leftColumn==iColumn
        ){
          if( (pTerm->prereqRight & notReady)==0
           && (pTerm->eOperator & op & WO_ALL)!=0
          ){


            if( iOrigCol>=0 && pIdx && (pTerm->eOperator & WO_ISNULL)==0 ){
              CollSeq *pColl;
              char idxaff;


      
              pX = pTerm->pExpr;
              pParse = pWC->pParse;
              idxaff = pIdx->pTable->aCol[iOrigCol].affinity;
              if( !sqlite3IndexAffinityOk(pX, idxaff) ){
                continue;
              }
      
              /* Figure out the collation sequence required from an index for
              ** it to be useful for optimising expression pX. Store this
              ** value in variable pColl.
              */
              assert(pX->pLeft);
              pColl = sqlite3BinaryCompareCollSeq(pParse,pX->pLeft,pX->pRight);
              if( pColl==0 ) pColl = pParse->db->pDfltColl;
      
              for(j=0; pIdx->aiColumn[j]!=iOrigCol; j++){
                if( NEVER(j>=pIdx->nColumn) ) return 0;
              }
              if( sqlite3StrICmp(pColl->zName, pIdx->azColl[j]) ){
                continue;
              }
            }
            pResult = pTerm;
            if( pTerm->prereqRight==0 ) goto findTerm_success;
          }
          if( (pTerm->eOperator & WO_EQUIV)!=0
           && nEquiv<ArraySize(aEquiv)
          ){
            pX = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pTerm->pExpr->pRight);
            assert( pX->op==TK_COLUMN );
            for(j=0; j<nEquiv; j+=2){
              if( aEquiv[j]==pX->iTable && aEquiv[j+1]==pX->iColumn ) break;
            }
            if( j==nEquiv ){
              aEquiv[j] = pX->iTable;
              aEquiv[j+1] = pX->iColumn;
              nEquiv += 2;
            }
          }
        }
      }
    }
    if( iEquiv>=nEquiv ) break;
    iCur = aEquiv[iEquiv++];
    iColumn = aEquiv[iEquiv++];
  }
findTerm_success:
  return pResult;
}

/* Forward reference */
static void exprAnalyze(SrcList*, WhereClause*, int);

/*
** Call exprAnalyze on all terms in a WHERE clause.  
................................................................................
**     (B)     x=expr1 OR expr2=x OR x=expr3
**     (C)     t1.x=t2.y OR (t1.x=t2.z AND t1.y=15)
**     (D)     x=expr1 OR (y>11 AND y<22 AND z LIKE '*hello*')
**     (E)     (p.a=1 AND q.b=2 AND r.c=3) OR (p.x=4 AND q.y=5 AND r.z=6)
**
** CASE 1:
**
** If all subterms are of the form T.C=expr for some single column of C and
** a single table T (as shown in example B above) then create a new virtual
** term that is an equivalent IN expression.  In other words, if the term
** being analyzed is:
**
**      x = expr1  OR  expr2 = x  OR  x = expr3
**
** then create a new virtual term like this:
................................................................................
  if( db->mallocFailed ) return;
  assert( pOrWc->nTerm>=2 );

  /*
  ** Compute the set of tables that might satisfy cases 1 or 2.
  */
  indexable = ~(Bitmask)0;
  chngToIN = ~(Bitmask)0;
  for(i=pOrWc->nTerm-1, pOrTerm=pOrWc->a; i>=0 && indexable; i--, pOrTerm++){
    if( (pOrTerm->eOperator & WO_SINGLE)==0 ){
      WhereAndInfo *pAndInfo;

      assert( (pOrTerm->wtFlags & (TERM_ANDINFO|TERM_ORINFO))==0 );
      chngToIN = 0;
      pAndInfo = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, sizeof(*pAndInfo));
      if( pAndInfo ){
        WhereClause *pAndWC;
        WhereTerm *pAndTerm;
        int j;
................................................................................
      Bitmask b;
      b = getMask(pMaskSet, pOrTerm->leftCursor);
      if( pOrTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL ){
        WhereTerm *pOther = &pOrWc->a[pOrTerm->iParent];
        b |= getMask(pMaskSet, pOther->leftCursor);
      }
      indexable &= b;
      if( (pOrTerm->eOperator & WO_EQ)==0 ){
        chngToIN = 0;
      }else{
        chngToIN &= b;
      }
    }
  }

................................................................................
    ** will be recorded in iCursor and iColumn.  There might not be any
    ** such table and column.  Set okToChngToIN if an appropriate table
    ** and column is found but leave okToChngToIN false if not found.
    */
    for(j=0; j<2 && !okToChngToIN; j++){
      pOrTerm = pOrWc->a;
      for(i=pOrWc->nTerm-1; i>=0; i--, pOrTerm++){
        assert( pOrTerm->eOperator & WO_EQ );
        pOrTerm->wtFlags &= ~TERM_OR_OK;
        if( pOrTerm->leftCursor==iCursor ){
          /* This is the 2-bit case and we are on the second iteration and
          ** current term is from the first iteration.  So skip this term. */
          assert( j==1 );
          continue;
        }
................................................................................
        iCursor = pOrTerm->leftCursor;
        break;
      }
      if( i<0 ){
        /* No candidate table+column was found.  This can only occur
        ** on the second iteration */
        assert( j==1 );
        assert( IsPowerOfTwo(chngToIN) );
        assert( chngToIN==getMask(pMaskSet, iCursor) );
        break;
      }
      testcase( j==1 );

      /* We have found a candidate table and column.  Check to see if that
      ** table and column is common to every term in the OR clause */
      okToChngToIN = 1;
      for(; i>=0 && okToChngToIN; i--, pOrTerm++){
        assert( pOrTerm->eOperator & WO_EQ );
        if( pOrTerm->leftCursor!=iCursor ){
          pOrTerm->wtFlags &= ~TERM_OR_OK;
        }else if( pOrTerm->u.leftColumn!=iColumn ){
          okToChngToIN = 0;
        }else{
          int affLeft, affRight;
          /* If the right-hand side is also a column, then the affinities
................................................................................
      Expr *pDup;            /* A transient duplicate expression */
      ExprList *pList = 0;   /* The RHS of the IN operator */
      Expr *pLeft = 0;       /* The LHS of the IN operator */
      Expr *pNew;            /* The complete IN operator */

      for(i=pOrWc->nTerm-1, pOrTerm=pOrWc->a; i>=0; i--, pOrTerm++){
        if( (pOrTerm->wtFlags & TERM_OR_OK)==0 ) continue;
        assert( pOrTerm->eOperator & WO_EQ );
        assert( pOrTerm->leftCursor==iCursor );
        assert( pOrTerm->u.leftColumn==iColumn );
        pDup = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pOrTerm->pExpr->pRight, 0);
        pList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pWC->pParse, pList, pDup);
        pLeft = pOrTerm->pExpr->pLeft;
      }
      assert( pLeft!=0 );
................................................................................
        sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pList);
      }
      pTerm->eOperator = WO_NOOP;  /* case 1 trumps case 2 */
    }
  }
}
#endif /* !SQLITE_OMIT_OR_OPTIMIZATION && !SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY */


/*
** The input to this routine is an WhereTerm structure with only the
** "pExpr" field filled in.  The job of this routine is to analyze the
** subexpression and populate all the other fields of the WhereTerm
** structure.
**
................................................................................
    extraRight = x-1;  /* ON clause terms may not be used with an index
                       ** on left table of a LEFT JOIN.  Ticket #3015 */
  }
  pTerm->prereqAll = prereqAll;
  pTerm->leftCursor = -1;
  pTerm->iParent = -1;
  pTerm->eOperator = 0;
  if( allowedOp(op) ){
    Expr *pLeft = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pExpr->pLeft);
    Expr *pRight = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pExpr->pRight);
    u16 opMask = (pTerm->prereqRight & prereqLeft)==0 ? WO_ALL : WO_EQUIV;
    if( pLeft->op==TK_COLUMN ){
      pTerm->leftCursor = pLeft->iTable;
      pTerm->u.leftColumn = pLeft->iColumn;
      pTerm->eOperator = operatorMask(op) & opMask;
    }
    if( pRight && pRight->op==TK_COLUMN ){
      WhereTerm *pNew;
      Expr *pDup;
      u16 eExtraOp = 0;        /* Extra bits for pNew->eOperator */
      if( pTerm->leftCursor>=0 ){
        int idxNew;
        pDup = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pExpr, 0);
        if( db->mallocFailed ){
          sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pDup);
          return;
        }
................................................................................
        idxNew = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pDup, TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC);
        if( idxNew==0 ) return;
        pNew = &pWC->a[idxNew];
        pNew->iParent = idxTerm;
        pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];
        pTerm->nChild = 1;
        pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_COPIED;
        if( pExpr->op==TK_EQ
         && !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_FromJoin)
         && OptimizationEnabled(db, SQLITE_Transitive)
        ){
          pTerm->eOperator |= WO_EQUIV;
          eExtraOp = WO_EQUIV;
        }
      }else{
        pDup = pExpr;
        pNew = pTerm;
      }
      exprCommute(pParse, pDup);
      pLeft = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pDup->pLeft);
      pNew->leftCursor = pLeft->iTable;
      pNew->u.leftColumn = pLeft->iColumn;
      testcase( (prereqLeft | extraRight) != prereqLeft );
      pNew->prereqRight = prereqLeft | extraRight;
      pNew->prereqAll = prereqAll;
      pNew->eOperator = (operatorMask(pDup->op) + eExtraOp) & opMask;
    }
  }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BETWEEN_OPTIMIZATION
  /* If a term is the BETWEEN operator, create two new virtual terms
  ** that define the range that the BETWEEN implements.  For example:
  **
................................................................................
  }
  if( pWC->wctrlFlags & WHERE_AND_ONLY ){
    return;
  }

  /* Search the WHERE clause terms for a usable WO_OR term. */
  for(pTerm=pWC->a; pTerm<pWCEnd; pTerm++){
    if( (pTerm->eOperator & WO_OR)!=0
     && ((pTerm->prereqAll & ~maskSrc) & p->notReady)==0
     && (pTerm->u.pOrInfo->indexable & maskSrc)!=0 
    ){
      WhereClause * const pOrWC = &pTerm->u.pOrInfo->wc;
      WhereTerm * const pOrWCEnd = &pOrWC->a[pOrWC->nTerm];
      WhereTerm *pOrTerm;
      int flags = WHERE_MULTI_OR;
................................................................................
      sBOI.pOrderBy = 0;
      sBOI.pDistinct = 0;
      sBOI.ppIdxInfo = 0;
      for(pOrTerm=pOrWC->a; pOrTerm<pOrWCEnd; pOrTerm++){
        WHERETRACE(("... Multi-index OR testing for term %d of %d....\n", 
          (pOrTerm - pOrWC->a), (pTerm - pWC->a)
        ));
        if( (pOrTerm->eOperator& WO_AND)!=0 ){
          sBOI.pWC = &pOrTerm->u.pAndInfo->wc;
          bestIndex(&sBOI);
        }else if( pOrTerm->leftCursor==iCur ){
          WhereClause tempWC;
          tempWC.pParse = pWC->pParse;
          tempWC.pMaskSet = pWC->pMaskSet;
          tempWC.pOuter = pWC;
................................................................................
static int termCanDriveIndex(
  WhereTerm *pTerm,              /* WHERE clause term to check */
  struct SrcList_item *pSrc,     /* Table we are trying to access */
  Bitmask notReady               /* Tables in outer loops of the join */
){
  char aff;
  if( pTerm->leftCursor!=pSrc->iCursor ) return 0;
  if( (pTerm->eOperator & WO_EQ)==0 ) return 0;
  if( (pTerm->prereqRight & notReady)!=0 ) return 0;
  aff = pSrc->pTab->aCol[pTerm->u.leftColumn].affinity;
  if( !sqlite3IndexAffinityOk(pTerm->pExpr, aff) ) return 0;
  return 1;
}
#endif

................................................................................

  WHERETRACE(("Recomputing index info for %s...\n", pSrc->pTab->zName));

  /* Count the number of possible WHERE clause constraints referring
  ** to this virtual table */
  for(i=nTerm=0, pTerm=pWC->a; i<pWC->nTerm; i++, pTerm++){
    if( pTerm->leftCursor != pSrc->iCursor ) continue;
    assert( IsPowerOfTwo(pTerm->eOperator & ~WO_EQUIV) );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_IN );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_ISNULL );
    if( pTerm->eOperator & (WO_ISNULL) ) continue;
    if( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL ) continue;
    nTerm++;
  }

  /* If the ORDER BY clause contains only columns in the current 
  ** virtual table then allocate space for the aOrderBy part of
  ** the sqlite3_index_info structure.
................................................................................
  *(int*)&pIdxInfo->nOrderBy = nOrderBy;
  *(struct sqlite3_index_constraint**)&pIdxInfo->aConstraint = pIdxCons;
  *(struct sqlite3_index_orderby**)&pIdxInfo->aOrderBy = pIdxOrderBy;
  *(struct sqlite3_index_constraint_usage**)&pIdxInfo->aConstraintUsage =
                                                                   pUsage;

  for(i=j=0, pTerm=pWC->a; i<pWC->nTerm; i++, pTerm++){
    u8 op;
    if( pTerm->leftCursor != pSrc->iCursor ) continue;

    assert( IsPowerOfTwo(pTerm->eOperator & ~WO_EQUIV) );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_IN );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_ISNULL );
    if( pTerm->eOperator & (WO_ISNULL) ) continue;
    if( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL ) continue;
    pIdxCons[j].iColumn = pTerm->u.leftColumn;
    pIdxCons[j].iTermOffset = i;
    op = (u8)pTerm->eOperator & WO_ALL;
    if( op==WO_IN ) op = WO_EQ;
    pIdxCons[j].op = op;
    /* The direct assignment in the previous line is possible only because
    ** the WO_ and SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_ codes are identical.  The
    ** following asserts verify this fact. */
    assert( WO_EQ==SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_EQ );
    assert( WO_LT==SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_LT );
    assert( WO_LE==SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_LE );
    assert( WO_GT==SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_GT );
    assert( WO_GE==SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_GE );
    assert( WO_MATCH==SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_MATCH );
    assert( pTerm->eOperator & (WO_IN|WO_EQ|WO_LT|WO_LE|WO_GT|WO_GE|WO_MATCH) );
    j++;
  }
  for(i=0; i<nOrderBy; i++){
    Expr *pExpr = pOrderBy->a[i].pExpr;
    pIdxOrderBy[i].iColumn = pExpr->iColumn;
    pIdxOrderBy[i].desc = pOrderBy->a[i].sortOrder;
  }
................................................................................
  WhereClause *pWC = p->pWC;      /* The WHERE clause */
  struct SrcList_item *pSrc = p->pSrc; /* The FROM clause term to search */
  Table *pTab = pSrc->pTab;
  sqlite3_index_info *pIdxInfo;
  struct sqlite3_index_constraint *pIdxCons;
  struct sqlite3_index_constraint_usage *pUsage;
  WhereTerm *pTerm;
  int i, j, k;
  int nOrderBy;
  int sortOrder;                  /* Sort order for IN clauses */
  int bAllowIN;                   /* Allow IN optimizations */
  double rCost;

  /* Make sure wsFlags is initialized to some sane value. Otherwise, if the 
  ** malloc in allocateIndexInfo() fails and this function returns leaving
  ** wsFlags in an uninitialized state, the caller may behave unpredictably.
  */
  memset(&p->cost, 0, sizeof(p->cost));
................................................................................
  /* The module name must be defined. Also, by this point there must
  ** be a pointer to an sqlite3_vtab structure. Otherwise
  ** sqlite3ViewGetColumnNames() would have picked up the error. 
  */
  assert( pTab->azModuleArg && pTab->azModuleArg[0] );
  assert( sqlite3GetVTable(pParse->db, pTab) );

  /* Try once or twice.  On the first attempt, allow IN optimizations.
  ** If an IN optimization is accepted by the virtual table xBestIndex
  ** method, but the  pInfo->aConstrainUsage.omit flag is not set, then
  ** the query will not work because it might allow duplicate rows in
  ** output.  In that case, run the xBestIndex method a second time
  ** without the IN constraints.  Usually this loop only runs once.
  ** The loop will exit using a "break" statement.
  */
  for(bAllowIN=1; 1; bAllowIN--){
    assert( bAllowIN==0 || bAllowIN==1 );

    /* Set the aConstraint[].usable fields and initialize all 
    ** output variables to zero.
    **
    ** aConstraint[].usable is true for constraints where the right-hand
    ** side contains only references to tables to the left of the current
    ** table.  In other words, if the constraint is of the form:
    **
    **           column = expr
    **
    ** and we are evaluating a join, then the constraint on column is 
    ** only valid if all tables referenced in expr occur to the left
    ** of the table containing column.
    **
    ** The aConstraints[] array contains entries for all constraints
    ** on the current table.  That way we only have to compute it once
    ** even though we might try to pick the best index multiple times.
    ** For each attempt at picking an index, the order of tables in the
    ** join might be different so we have to recompute the usable flag
    ** each time.
    */
    pIdxCons = *(struct sqlite3_index_constraint**)&pIdxInfo->aConstraint;
    pUsage = pIdxInfo->aConstraintUsage;
    for(i=0; i<pIdxInfo->nConstraint; i++, pIdxCons++){
      j = pIdxCons->iTermOffset;
      pTerm = &pWC->a[j];
      if( (pTerm->prereqRight&p->notReady)==0
       && (bAllowIN || (pTerm->eOperator & WO_IN)==0)
      ){
        pIdxCons->usable = 1;
      }else{
        pIdxCons->usable = 0;
      }
    }
    memset(pUsage, 0, sizeof(pUsage[0])*pIdxInfo->nConstraint);
    if( pIdxInfo->needToFreeIdxStr ){
      sqlite3_free(pIdxInfo->idxStr);
    }
    pIdxInfo->idxStr = 0;
    pIdxInfo->idxNum = 0;
    pIdxInfo->needToFreeIdxStr = 0;
    pIdxInfo->orderByConsumed = 0;
    /* ((double)2) In case of SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT... */
    pIdxInfo->estimatedCost = SQLITE_BIG_DBL / ((double)2);
    nOrderBy = pIdxInfo->nOrderBy;
    if( !p->pOrderBy ){
      pIdxInfo->nOrderBy = 0;
    }
  
    if( vtabBestIndex(pParse, pTab, pIdxInfo) ){
      return;
    }
  
    sortOrder = SQLITE_SO_ASC;
    pIdxCons = *(struct sqlite3_index_constraint**)&pIdxInfo->aConstraint;
    for(i=0; i<pIdxInfo->nConstraint; i++, pIdxCons++){
      if( pUsage[i].argvIndex>0 ){
        j = pIdxCons->iTermOffset;
        pTerm = &pWC->a[j];
        p->cost.used |= pTerm->prereqRight;
        if( (pTerm->eOperator & WO_IN)!=0 ){
          if( pUsage[i].omit==0 ){
            /* Do not attempt to use an IN constraint if the virtual table
            ** says that the equivalent EQ constraint cannot be safely omitted.
            ** If we do attempt to use such a constraint, some rows might be
            ** repeated in the output. */
            break;
          }
          for(k=0; k<pIdxInfo->nOrderBy; k++){
            if( pIdxInfo->aOrderBy[k].iColumn==pIdxCons->iColumn ){
              sortOrder = pIdxInfo->aOrderBy[k].desc;
              break;
            }
          }
        }
      }
    }
    if( i>=pIdxInfo->nConstraint ) break;
  }
  
  /* If there is an ORDER BY clause, and the selected virtual table index
  ** does not satisfy it, increase the cost of the scan accordingly. This
  ** matches the processing for non-virtual tables in bestBtreeIndex().
  */
  rCost = pIdxInfo->estimatedCost;
  if( p->pOrderBy && pIdxInfo->orderByConsumed==0 ){
    rCost += estLog(rCost)*rCost;
................................................................................
  if( (SQLITE_BIG_DBL/((double)2))<rCost ){
    p->cost.rCost = (SQLITE_BIG_DBL/((double)2));
  }else{
    p->cost.rCost = rCost;
  }
  p->cost.plan.u.pVtabIdx = pIdxInfo;
  if( pIdxInfo->orderByConsumed ){
    assert( sortOrder==0 || sortOrder==1 );
    p->cost.plan.wsFlags |= WHERE_ORDERED + sortOrder*WHERE_REVERSE;
    p->cost.plan.nOBSat = nOrderBy;
  }else{
    p->cost.plan.nOBSat = p->i ? p->aLevel[p->i-1].plan.nOBSat : 0;
  }
  p->cost.plan.nEq = 0;
  pIdxInfo->nOrderBy = nOrderBy;

................................................................................
    tRowcnt iUpper = p->aiRowEst[0];
    tRowcnt a[2];
    u8 aff = p->pTable->aCol[p->aiColumn[0]].affinity;

    if( pLower ){
      Expr *pExpr = pLower->pExpr->pRight;
      rc = valueFromExpr(pParse, pExpr, aff, &pRangeVal);
      assert( (pLower->eOperator & (WO_GT|WO_GE))!=0 );
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK
       && whereKeyStats(pParse, p, pRangeVal, 0, a)==SQLITE_OK
      ){
        iLower = a[0];
        if( (pLower->eOperator & WO_GT)!=0 ) iLower += a[1];
      }
      sqlite3ValueFree(pRangeVal);
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pUpper ){
      Expr *pExpr = pUpper->pExpr->pRight;
      rc = valueFromExpr(pParse, pExpr, aff, &pRangeVal);
      assert( (pUpper->eOperator & (WO_LT|WO_LE))!=0 );
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK
       && whereKeyStats(pParse, p, pRangeVal, 1, a)==SQLITE_OK
      ){
        iUpper = a[0];
        if( (pUpper->eOperator & WO_LE)!=0 ) iUpper += a[1];
      }
      sqlite3ValueFree(pRangeVal);
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      if( iUpper<=iLower ){
        *pRangeDiv = (double)p->aiRowEst[0];
      }else{
................................................................................

    /* If X is the column in the index and ORDER BY clause, check to see
    ** if there are any X= or X IS NULL constraints in the WHERE clause. */
    pConstraint = findTerm(p->pWC, base, iColumn, p->notReady,
                           WO_EQ|WO_ISNULL|WO_IN, pIdx);
    if( pConstraint==0 ){
      isEq = 0;
    }else if( (pConstraint->eOperator & WO_IN)!=0 ){
      isEq = 0;



    }else if( (pConstraint->eOperator & WO_ISNULL)!=0 ){
      uniqueNotNull = 0;
      isEq = 1;  /* "X IS NULL" means X has only a single value */
    }else if( pConstraint->prereqRight==0 ){
      isEq = 1;  /* Constraint "X=constant" means X has only a single value */
    }else{
      Expr *pRight = pConstraint->pExpr->pRight;
      if( pRight->op==TK_COLUMN ){
................................................................................
 
    /* If the index being considered is UNIQUE, and there is an equality 
    ** constraint for all columns in the index, then this search will find
    ** at most a single row. In this case set the WHERE_UNIQUE flag to 
    ** indicate this to the caller.
    **
    ** Otherwise, if the search may find more than one row, test to see if
    ** there is a range constraint on indexed column (pc.plan.nEq+1) that
    ** can be optimized using the index. 
    */
    if( pc.plan.nEq==pProbe->nColumn && pProbe->onError!=OE_None ){
      testcase( pc.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_COLUMN_IN );
      testcase( pc.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_COLUMN_NULL );
      if( (pc.plan.wsFlags & (WHERE_COLUMN_IN|WHERE_COLUMN_NULL))==0 ){
        pc.plan.wsFlags |= WHERE_UNIQUE;
        if( p->i==0 || (p->aLevel[p->i-1].plan.wsFlags & WHERE_ALL_UNIQUE)!=0 ){
................................................................................
    ** to get a better estimate on the number of rows based on
    ** VALUE and how common that value is according to the histogram.
    */
    if( pc.plan.nRow>(double)1 && pc.plan.nEq==1
     && pFirstTerm!=0 && aiRowEst[1]>1 ){
      assert( (pFirstTerm->eOperator & (WO_EQ|WO_ISNULL|WO_IN))!=0 );
      if( pFirstTerm->eOperator & (WO_EQ|WO_ISNULL) ){
        testcase( pFirstTerm->eOperator & WO_EQ );
        testcase( pFirstTerm->eOperator & WO_EQUIV );
        testcase( pFirstTerm->eOperator & WO_ISNULL );
        whereEqualScanEst(pParse, pProbe, pFirstTerm->pExpr->pRight,
                          &pc.plan.nRow);
      }else if( bInEst==0 ){
        assert( pFirstTerm->eOperator & WO_IN );
        whereInScanEst(pParse, pProbe, pFirstTerm->pExpr->x.pList,
                       &pc.plan.nRow);
      }
    }
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 */

    /* Adjust the number of output rows and downward to reflect rows
................................................................................
            ** set size by a factor of 3.  Indexed range constraints reduce
            ** the search space by a larger factor: 4.  We make indexed range
            ** more selective intentionally because of the subjective 
            ** observation that indexed range constraints really are more
            ** selective in practice, on average. */
            pc.plan.nRow /= 3;
          }
        }else if( (pTerm->eOperator & WO_NOOP)==0 ){
          /* Any other expression lowers the output row count by half */
          pc.plan.nRow /= 2;
        }
      }
      if( pc.plan.nRow<2 ) pc.plan.nRow = 2;
    }

................................................................................
  assert( p->pOrderBy || (p->cost.plan.wsFlags&WHERE_ORDERED)==0 );
  assert( p->cost.plan.u.pIdx==0 || (p->cost.plan.wsFlags&WHERE_ROWID_EQ)==0 );
  assert( pSrc->pIndex==0 
       || p->cost.plan.u.pIdx==0 
       || p->cost.plan.u.pIdx==pSrc->pIndex 
  );

  WHERETRACE(("   best index is %s cost=%.1f\n",
         p->cost.plan.u.pIdx ? p->cost.plan.u.pIdx->zName : "ipk",
         p->cost.rCost));
  
  bestOrClauseIndex(p);
  bestAutomaticIndex(p);
  p->cost.plan.wsFlags |= eqTermMask;
}

/*
................................................................................
*/
static void bestIndex(WhereBestIdx *p){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  if( IsVirtual(p->pSrc->pTab) ){
    sqlite3_index_info *pIdxInfo = 0;
    p->ppIdxInfo = &pIdxInfo;
    bestVirtualIndex(p);
    assert( pIdxInfo!=0 || p->pParse->db->mallocFailed );
    if( pIdxInfo && pIdxInfo->needToFreeIdxStr ){
      sqlite3_free(pIdxInfo->idxStr);
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(p->pParse->db, pIdxInfo);
  }else
#endif
  {
    bestBtreeIndex(p);
................................................................................
    iReg = iTarget;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, iReg);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
  }else{
    int eType;
    int iTab;
    struct InLoop *pIn;
    u8 bRev = (pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_REVERSE)!=0;

    assert( pX->op==TK_IN );
    iReg = iTarget;
    eType = sqlite3FindInIndex(pParse, pX, 0);
    iTab = pX->iTable;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, bRev ? OP_Last : OP_Rewind, iTab, 0);
    assert( pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_IN_ABLE );
    if( pLevel->u.in.nIn==0 ){
      pLevel->addrNxt = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
    }
    pLevel->u.in.nIn++;
    pLevel->u.in.aInLoop =
       sqlite3DbReallocOrFree(pParse->db, pLevel->u.in.aInLoop,
................................................................................
      pIn += pLevel->u.in.nIn - 1;
      pIn->iCur = iTab;
      if( eType==IN_INDEX_ROWID ){
        pIn->addrInTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, iTab, iReg);
      }else{
        pIn->addrInTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iTab, 0, iReg);
      }
      pIn->eEndLoopOp = bRev ? OP_Prev : OP_Next;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IsNull, iReg);
    }else{
      pLevel->u.in.nIn = 0;
    }
#endif
  }
  disableTerm(pLevel, pTerm);
................................................................................

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  if(  (pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)!=0 ){
    /* Case 0:  The table is a virtual-table.  Use the VFilter and VNext
    **          to access the data.
    */
    int iReg;   /* P3 Value for OP_VFilter */
    int addrNotFound;
    sqlite3_index_info *pVtabIdx = pLevel->plan.u.pVtabIdx;
    int nConstraint = pVtabIdx->nConstraint;
    struct sqlite3_index_constraint_usage *aUsage =
                                                pVtabIdx->aConstraintUsage;
    const struct sqlite3_index_constraint *aConstraint =
                                                pVtabIdx->aConstraint;

    sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);
    iReg = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nConstraint+2);
    addrNotFound = pLevel->addrBrk;
    for(j=1; j<=nConstraint; j++){
      for(k=0; k<nConstraint; k++){
        if( aUsage[k].argvIndex==j ){
          int iTarget = iReg+j+1;
          pTerm = &pWC->a[aConstraint[k].iTermOffset];
          if( pTerm->eOperator & WO_IN ){
            codeEqualityTerm(pParse, pTerm, pLevel, iTarget);
            addrNotFound = pLevel->addrNxt;
          }else{
            sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pTerm->pExpr->pRight, iTarget);
          }
          break;
        }
      }
      if( k==nConstraint ) break;
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, pVtabIdx->idxNum, iReg);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, j-1, iReg+1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_VFilter, iCur, addrNotFound, iReg, pVtabIdx->idxStr,
                      pVtabIdx->needToFreeIdxStr ? P4_MPRINTF : P4_STATIC);
    pVtabIdx->needToFreeIdxStr = 0;
    for(j=0; j<nConstraint; j++){
      if( aUsage[j].omit ){
        int iTerm = aConstraint[j].iTermOffset;
        disableTerm(pLevel, &pWC->a[iTerm]);
      }
................................................................................
    **          we reference multiple rows using a "rowid IN (...)"
    **          construct.
    */
    iReleaseReg = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
    pTerm = findTerm(pWC, iCur, -1, notReady, WO_EQ|WO_IN, 0);
    assert( pTerm!=0 );
    assert( pTerm->pExpr!=0 );

    assert( omitTable==0 );
    testcase( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL ); /* EV: R-30575-11662 */
    iRowidReg = codeEqualityTerm(pParse, pTerm, pLevel, iReleaseReg);
    addrNxt = pLevel->addrNxt;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_MustBeInt, iRowidReg, addrNxt);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iCur, addrNxt, iRowidReg);
    sqlite3ExprCacheStore(pParse, iCur, -1, iRowidReg);
................................................................................
    int iRetInit;                             /* Address of regReturn init */
    int untestedTerms = 0;             /* Some terms not completely tested */
    int ii;                            /* Loop counter */
    Expr *pAndExpr = 0;                /* An ".. AND (...)" expression */
   
    pTerm = pLevel->plan.u.pTerm;
    assert( pTerm!=0 );
    assert( pTerm->eOperator & WO_OR );
    assert( (pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_ORINFO)!=0 );
    pOrWc = &pTerm->u.pOrInfo->wc;
    pLevel->op = OP_Return;
    pLevel->p1 = regReturn;

    /* Set up a new SrcList in pOrTab containing the table being scanned
    ** by this loop in the a[0] slot and all notReady tables in a[1..] slots.
................................................................................
      if( pAndExpr ){
        pAndExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_AND, 0, pAndExpr, 0);
      }
    }

    for(ii=0; ii<pOrWc->nTerm; ii++){
      WhereTerm *pOrTerm = &pOrWc->a[ii];
      if( pOrTerm->leftCursor==iCur || (pOrTerm->eOperator & WO_AND)!=0 ){
        WhereInfo *pSubWInfo;          /* Info for single OR-term scan */
        Expr *pOrExpr = pOrTerm->pExpr;
        if( pAndExpr ){
          pAndExpr->pLeft = pOrExpr;
          pOrExpr = pAndExpr;
        }
        /* Loop through table entries that match term pOrTerm. */
................................................................................
  ** the bitmask for all FROM clause terms to the left of the N-th term
  ** is (X-1).   An expression from the ON clause of a LEFT JOIN can use
  ** its Expr.iRightJoinTable value to find the bitmask of the right table
  ** of the join.  Subtracting one from the right table bitmask gives a
  ** bitmask for all tables to the left of the join.  Knowing the bitmask
  ** for all tables to the left of a left join is important.  Ticket #3015.
  **





  ** Note that bitmasks are created for all pTabList->nSrc tables in
  ** pTabList, not just the first nTabList tables.  nTabList is normally
  ** equal to pTabList->nSrc but might be shortened to 1 if the
  ** WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY flag is set.
  */

  for(ii=0; ii<pTabList->nSrc; ii++){
    createMask(pMaskSet, pTabList->a[ii].iCursor);





  }
#ifndef NDEBUG
  {
    Bitmask toTheLeft = 0;
    for(ii=0; ii<pTabList->nSrc; ii++){
      Bitmask m = getMask(pMaskSet, pTabList->a[ii].iCursor);
      assert( (m-1)==toTheLeft );
................................................................................
  for(sWBI.i=iFrom=0, pLevel=pWInfo->a; sWBI.i<nTabList; sWBI.i++, pLevel++){
    WhereCost bestPlan;         /* Most efficient plan seen so far */
    Index *pIdx;                /* Index for FROM table at pTabItem */
    int j;                      /* For looping over FROM tables */
    int bestJ = -1;             /* The value of j */
    Bitmask m;                  /* Bitmask value for j or bestJ */
    int isOptimal;              /* Iterator for optimal/non-optimal search */
    int ckOptimal;              /* Do the optimal scan check */
    int nUnconstrained;         /* Number tables without INDEXED BY */
    Bitmask notIndexed;         /* Mask of tables that cannot use an index */

    memset(&bestPlan, 0, sizeof(bestPlan));
    bestPlan.rCost = SQLITE_BIG_DBL;
    WHERETRACE(("*** Begin search for loop %d ***\n", sWBI.i));

................................................................................
    ** that do not use indices.  But this nRow reduction only happens if the
    ** table really is the innermost join.  
    **
    ** The second loop iteration is only performed if no optimal scan
    ** strategies were found by the first iteration. This second iteration
    ** is used to search for the lowest cost scan overall.
    **
    ** Without the optimal scan step (the first iteration) a suboptimal
    ** plan might be chosen for queries like this:


    **   
    **   CREATE TABLE t1(a, b); 
    **   CREATE TABLE t2(c, d);
    **   SELECT * FROM t2, t1 WHERE t2.rowid = t1.a;
    **
    ** The best strategy is to iterate through table t1 first. However it
    ** is not possible to determine this with a simple greedy algorithm.
................................................................................
    ** Since the cost of a linear scan through table t2 is the same 
    ** as the cost of a linear scan through table t1, a simple greedy 
    ** algorithm may choose to use t2 for the outer loop, which is a much
    ** costlier approach.
    */
    nUnconstrained = 0;
    notIndexed = 0;

    /* The optimal scan check only occurs if there are two or more tables
    ** available to be reordered */
    if( iFrom==nTabList-1 ){
      ckOptimal = 0;  /* Common case of just one table in the FROM clause */
    }else{
      ckOptimal = -1;
      for(j=iFrom, sWBI.pSrc=&pTabList->a[j]; j<nTabList; j++, sWBI.pSrc++){
        m = getMask(pMaskSet, sWBI.pSrc->iCursor);
        if( (m & sWBI.notValid)==0 ){
          if( j==iFrom ) iFrom++;
          continue;
        }
        if( j>iFrom && (sWBI.pSrc->jointype & (JT_LEFT|JT_CROSS))!=0 ) break;
        if( ++ckOptimal ) break;
        if( (sWBI.pSrc->jointype & JT_LEFT)!=0 ) break;
      }
    }
    assert( ckOptimal==0 || ckOptimal==1 );

    for(isOptimal=ckOptimal; isOptimal>=0 && bestJ<0; isOptimal--){
      for(j=iFrom, sWBI.pSrc=&pTabList->a[j]; j<nTabList; j++, sWBI.pSrc++){
        if( j>iFrom && (sWBI.pSrc->jointype & (JT_LEFT|JT_CROSS))!=0 ){
          /* This break and one like it in the ckOptimal computation loop
          ** above prevent table reordering across LEFT and CROSS JOINs.
          ** The LEFT JOIN case is necessary for correctness.  The prohibition
          ** against reordering across a CROSS JOIN is an SQLite feature that
          ** allows the developer to control table reordering */
          break;
        }
        m = getMask(pMaskSet, sWBI.pSrc->iCursor);
        if( (m & sWBI.notValid)==0 ){
          assert( j>iFrom );
          continue;
        }
        sWBI.notReady = (isOptimal ? m : sWBI.notValid);
        if( sWBI.pSrc->pIndex==0 ) nUnconstrained++;
  
        WHERETRACE(("   === trying table %d (%s) with isOptimal=%d ===\n",
                    j, sWBI.pSrc->pTab->zName, isOptimal));
        assert( sWBI.pSrc->pTab );
................................................................................
                  || sWBI.cost.plan.u.pIdx==sWBI.pSrc->pIndex );

        if( isOptimal && (sWBI.cost.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_NOT_FULLSCAN)==0 ){
          notIndexed |= m;
        }
        if( isOptimal ){
          pWInfo->a[j].rOptCost = sWBI.cost.rCost;
        }else if( ckOptimal ){
          /* If two or more tables have nearly the same outer loop cost, but
          ** very different inner loop (optimal) cost, we want to choose
          ** for the outer loop that table which benefits the least from
          ** being in the inner loop.  The following code scales the 
          ** outer loop cost estimate to accomplish that. */
          WHERETRACE(("   scaling cost from %.1f to %.1f\n",
                      sWBI.cost.rCost,
                      sWBI.cost.rCost/pWInfo->a[j].rOptCost));
................................................................................
                      "       cost=%.1f, nRow=%.1f, nOBSat=%d, wsFlags=%08x\n",
                      j, sWBI.pSrc->pTab->zName,
                      sWBI.cost.rCost, sWBI.cost.plan.nRow,
                      sWBI.cost.plan.nOBSat, sWBI.cost.plan.wsFlags));
          bestPlan = sWBI.cost;
          bestJ = j;
        }


        /* In a join like "w JOIN x LEFT JOIN y JOIN z"  make sure that
        ** table y (and not table z) is always the next inner loop inside
        ** of table x. */
        if( (sWBI.pSrc->jointype & JT_LEFT)!=0 ) break;
      }
    }
    assert( bestJ>=0 );
    assert( sWBI.notValid & getMask(pMaskSet, pTabList->a[bestJ].iCursor) );
    assert( bestJ==iFrom || (pTabList->a[iFrom].jointype & JT_LEFT)==0 );
    testcase( bestJ>iFrom && (pTabList->a[iFrom].jointype & JT_CROSS)!=0 );
    testcase( bestJ>iFrom && bestJ<nTabList-1
                          && (pTabList->a[bestJ+1].jointype & JT_LEFT)!=0 );
    WHERETRACE(("*** Optimizer selects table %d (%s) for loop %d with:\n"
                "    cost=%.1f, nRow=%.1f, nOBSat=%d, wsFlags=0x%08x\n",
                bestJ, pTabList->a[bestJ].pTab->zName,
                pLevel-pWInfo->a, bestPlan.rCost, bestPlan.plan.nRow,
                bestPlan.plan.nOBSat, bestPlan.plan.wsFlags));
    if( (bestPlan.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_DISTINCT)!=0 ){
      assert( pWInfo->eDistinct==0 );
................................................................................
    }
    if( pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_IN_ABLE && pLevel->u.in.nIn>0 ){
      struct InLoop *pIn;
      int j;
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, pLevel->addrNxt);
      for(j=pLevel->u.in.nIn, pIn=&pLevel->u.in.aInLoop[j-1]; j>0; j--, pIn--){
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, pIn->addrInTop+1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, pIn->eEndLoopOp, pIn->iCur, pIn->addrInTop);
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, pIn->addrInTop-1);
      }
      sqlite3DbFree(db, pLevel->u.in.aInLoop);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, pLevel->addrBrk);
    if( pLevel->iLeftJoin ){
      int addr;
................................................................................
  sqlite3ParserTOKENTYPE yy0;
  struct LimitVal yy64;
  Expr* yy122;
  Select* yy159;
  IdList* yy180;
  struct {int value; int mask;} yy207;
  u8 yy258;
  u16 yy305;
  struct LikeOp yy318;
  TriggerStep* yy327;
  ExprSpan yy342;
  SrcList* yy347;
  int yy392;
  struct TrigEvent yy410;
  ExprList* yy442;
................................................................................
      case 31: /* temp ::= */ yytestcase(yyruleno==31);
      case 69: /* autoinc ::= */ yytestcase(yyruleno==69);
      case 82: /* defer_subclause ::= NOT DEFERRABLE init_deferred_pred_opt */ yytestcase(yyruleno==82);
      case 84: /* init_deferred_pred_opt ::= */ yytestcase(yyruleno==84);
      case 86: /* init_deferred_pred_opt ::= INITIALLY IMMEDIATE */ yytestcase(yyruleno==86);
      case 98: /* defer_subclause_opt ::= */ yytestcase(yyruleno==98);
      case 109: /* ifexists ::= */ yytestcase(yyruleno==109);


      case 221: /* between_op ::= BETWEEN */ yytestcase(yyruleno==221);
      case 224: /* in_op ::= IN */ yytestcase(yyruleno==224);
{yygotominor.yy392 = 0;}
        break;
      case 29: /* ifnotexists ::= IF NOT EXISTS */
      case 30: /* temp ::= TEMP */ yytestcase(yyruleno==30);
      case 70: /* autoinc ::= AUTOINCR */ yytestcase(yyruleno==70);
      case 85: /* init_deferred_pred_opt ::= INITIALLY DEFERRED */ yytestcase(yyruleno==85);
      case 108: /* ifexists ::= IF EXISTS */ yytestcase(yyruleno==108);

      case 222: /* between_op ::= NOT BETWEEN */ yytestcase(yyruleno==222);
      case 225: /* in_op ::= NOT IN */ yytestcase(yyruleno==225);
{yygotominor.yy392 = 1;}
        break;
      case 32: /* create_table_args ::= LP columnlist conslist_opt RP */
{
  sqlite3EndTable(pParse,&yymsp[-1].minor.yy0,&yymsp[0].minor.yy0,0);
................................................................................
}
        break;
      case 116: /* multiselect_op ::= UNION ALL */
{yygotominor.yy392 = TK_ALL;}
        break;
      case 118: /* oneselect ::= SELECT distinct selcollist from where_opt groupby_opt having_opt orderby_opt limit_opt */
{
  yygotominor.yy159 = sqlite3SelectNew(pParse,yymsp[-6].minor.yy442,yymsp[-5].minor.yy347,yymsp[-4].minor.yy122,yymsp[-3].minor.yy442,yymsp[-2].minor.yy122,yymsp[-1].minor.yy442,yymsp[-7].minor.yy305,yymsp[0].minor.yy64.pLimit,yymsp[0].minor.yy64.pOffset);
}
        break;
      case 119: /* distinct ::= DISTINCT */
{yygotominor.yy305 = SF_Distinct;}
        break;
      case 120: /* distinct ::= ALL */
      case 121: /* distinct ::= */ yytestcase(yyruleno==121);
{yygotominor.yy305 = 0;}
        break;
      case 122: /* sclp ::= selcollist COMMA */
      case 246: /* idxlist_opt ::= LP idxlist RP */ yytestcase(yyruleno==246);
{yygotominor.yy442 = yymsp[-1].minor.yy442;}
        break;
      case 123: /* sclp ::= */
      case 151: /* orderby_opt ::= */ yytestcase(yyruleno==151);
................................................................................
    yygotominor.yy347 = sqlite3SrcListAppendFromTerm(pParse,yymsp[-6].minor.yy347,0,0,&yymsp[-2].minor.yy0,yymsp[-4].minor.yy159,yymsp[-1].minor.yy122,yymsp[0].minor.yy180);
  }
        break;
      case 136: /* seltablist ::= stl_prefix LP seltablist RP as on_opt using_opt */
{
    if( yymsp[-6].minor.yy347==0 && yymsp[-2].minor.yy0.n==0 && yymsp[-1].minor.yy122==0 && yymsp[0].minor.yy180==0 ){
      yygotominor.yy347 = yymsp[-4].minor.yy347;
    }else if( yymsp[-4].minor.yy347->nSrc==1 ){
      yygotominor.yy347 = sqlite3SrcListAppendFromTerm(pParse,yymsp[-6].minor.yy347,0,0,&yymsp[-2].minor.yy0,0,yymsp[-1].minor.yy122,yymsp[0].minor.yy180);
      if( yygotominor.yy347 ){
        struct SrcList_item *pNew = &yygotominor.yy347->a[yygotominor.yy347->nSrc-1];
        struct SrcList_item *pOld = yymsp[-4].minor.yy347->a;
        pNew->zName = pOld->zName;
        pNew->zDatabase = pOld->zDatabase;
        pOld->zName = pOld->zDatabase = 0;
      }
      sqlite3SrcListDelete(pParse->db, yymsp[-4].minor.yy347);
    }else{
      Select *pSubquery;
      sqlite3SrcListShiftJoinType(yymsp[-4].minor.yy347);
      pSubquery = sqlite3SelectNew(pParse,0,yymsp[-4].minor.yy347,0,0,0,0,SF_NestedFrom,0,0);
      yygotominor.yy347 = sqlite3SrcListAppendFromTerm(pParse,yymsp[-6].minor.yy347,0,0,&yymsp[-2].minor.yy0,pSubquery,yymsp[-1].minor.yy122,yymsp[0].minor.yy180);
    }
  }
        break;
      case 137: /* dbnm ::= */
      case 146: /* indexed_opt ::= */ yytestcase(yyruleno==146);
{yygotominor.yy0.z=0; yygotominor.yy0.n=0;}
................................................................................
      case 196: /* expr ::= ID LP distinct exprlist RP */
{
  if( yymsp[-1].minor.yy442 && yymsp[-1].minor.yy442->nExpr>pParse->db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_FUNCTION_ARG] ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "too many arguments on function %T", &yymsp[-4].minor.yy0);
  }
  yygotominor.yy342.pExpr = sqlite3ExprFunction(pParse, yymsp[-1].minor.yy442, &yymsp[-4].minor.yy0);
  spanSet(&yygotominor.yy342,&yymsp[-4].minor.yy0,&yymsp[0].minor.yy0);
  if( yymsp[-2].minor.yy305 && yygotominor.yy342.pExpr ){
    yygotominor.yy342.pExpr->flags |= EP_Distinct;
  }
}
        break;
      case 197: /* expr ::= ID LP STAR RP */
{
  yygotominor.yy342.pExpr = sqlite3ExprFunction(pParse, 0, &yymsp[-3].minor.yy0);
................................................................................
** This ensures that each node is stored on a single database page. If the 
** database page-size is so large that more than RTREE_MAXCELLS entries 
** would fit in a single node, use a smaller node-size.
*/
static int getNodeSize(
  sqlite3 *db,                    /* Database handle */
  Rtree *pRtree,                  /* Rtree handle */
  int isCreate,                   /* True for xCreate, false for xConnect */
  char **pzErr                    /* OUT: Error message, if any */
){
  int rc;
  char *zSql;
  if( isCreate ){
    int iPageSize = 0;
    zSql = sqlite3_mprintf("PRAGMA %Q.page_size", pRtree->zDb);
    rc = getIntFromStmt(db, zSql, &iPageSize);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      pRtree->iNodeSize = iPageSize-64;
      if( (4+pRtree->nBytesPerCell*RTREE_MAXCELLS)<pRtree->iNodeSize ){
        pRtree->iNodeSize = 4+pRtree->nBytesPerCell*RTREE_MAXCELLS;
      }
    }else{
      *pzErr = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", sqlite3_errmsg(db));
    }
  }else{
    zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(
        "SELECT length(data) FROM '%q'.'%q_node' WHERE nodeno = 1",
        pRtree->zDb, pRtree->zName
    );
    rc = getIntFromStmt(db, zSql, &pRtree->iNodeSize);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      *pzErr = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", sqlite3_errmsg(db));
    }
  }

  sqlite3_free(zSql);
  return rc;
}

/* 
................................................................................
  pRtree->nDim = (argc-4)/2;
  pRtree->nBytesPerCell = 8 + pRtree->nDim*4*2;
  pRtree->eCoordType = eCoordType;
  memcpy(pRtree->zDb, argv[1], nDb);
  memcpy(pRtree->zName, argv[2], nName);

  /* Figure out the node size to use. */
  rc = getNodeSize(db, pRtree, isCreate, pzErr);

  /* Create/Connect to the underlying relational database schema. If
  ** that is successful, call sqlite3_declare_vtab() to configure
  ** the r-tree table schema.
  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( (rc = rtreeSqlInit(pRtree, db, argv[1], argv[2], isCreate)) ){

Changes to SQLite.Interop/src/core/sqlite3.h.

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** string contains the date and time of the check-in (UTC) and an SHA1
** hash of the entire source tree.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.7.15.2"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3007015
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2013-01-09 11:53:05 c0e09560d26f0a6456be9dd3447f5311eb4f238f"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_NOTEMPDIR      (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_ISDIR          (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_FULLPATH       (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (3<<8))
#define SQLITE_CORRUPT_VTAB            (SQLITE_CORRUPT | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_READONLY_RECOVERY       (SQLITE_READONLY | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_READONLY_CANTLOCK       (SQLITE_READONLY | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_ABORT_ROLLBACK          (SQLITE_ABORT | (2<<8))










/*
** CAPI3REF: Flags For File Open Operations
**
** These bit values are intended for use in the
** 3rd parameter to the [sqlite3_open_v2()] interface and
** in the 4th parameter to the [sqlite3_vfs.xOpen] method.







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** string contains the date and time of the check-in (UTC) and an SHA1
** hash of the entire source tree.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.7.16"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3007016
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2013-02-15 04:21:01 843e1c543aabab8cd62f28742d5818887d36bcb7"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_NOTEMPDIR      (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_ISDIR          (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_FULLPATH       (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (3<<8))
#define SQLITE_CORRUPT_VTAB            (SQLITE_CORRUPT | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_READONLY_RECOVERY       (SQLITE_READONLY | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_READONLY_CANTLOCK       (SQLITE_READONLY | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_ABORT_ROLLBACK          (SQLITE_ABORT | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_CHECK        (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_COMMITHOOK   (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FOREIGNKEY   (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (3<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FUNCTION     (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (4<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_NOTNULL      (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (5<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_PRIMARYKEY   (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (6<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_TRIGGER      (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (7<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_UNIQUE       (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (8<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_VTAB         (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (9<<8))

/*
** CAPI3REF: Flags For File Open Operations
**
** These bit values are intended for use in the
** 3rd parameter to the [sqlite3_open_v2()] interface and
** in the 4th parameter to the [sqlite3_vfs.xOpen] method.

Changes to SQLite.Interop/src/core/sqlite3ext.h.

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  int (*unlock_notify)(sqlite3*,void(*)(void**,int),void*);
  int (*wal_autocheckpoint)(sqlite3*,int);
  int (*wal_checkpoint)(sqlite3*,const char*);
  void *(*wal_hook)(sqlite3*,int(*)(void*,sqlite3*,const char*,int),void*);
  int (*blob_reopen)(sqlite3_blob*,sqlite3_int64);
  int (*vtab_config)(sqlite3*,int op,...);
  int (*vtab_on_conflict)(sqlite3*);














};

/*
** The following macros redefine the API routines so that they are
** redirected throught the global sqlite3_api structure.
**
** This header file is also used by the loadext.c source file
................................................................................
#define sqlite3_unlock_notify          sqlite3_api->unlock_notify
#define sqlite3_wal_autocheckpoint     sqlite3_api->wal_autocheckpoint
#define sqlite3_wal_checkpoint         sqlite3_api->wal_checkpoint
#define sqlite3_wal_hook               sqlite3_api->wal_hook
#define sqlite3_blob_reopen            sqlite3_api->blob_reopen
#define sqlite3_vtab_config            sqlite3_api->vtab_config
#define sqlite3_vtab_on_conflict       sqlite3_api->vtab_on_conflict














#endif /* SQLITE_CORE */

#define SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT1     const sqlite3_api_routines *sqlite3_api = 0;
#define SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT2(v)  sqlite3_api = v;

#endif /* _SQLITE3EXT_H_ */







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  int (*unlock_notify)(sqlite3*,void(*)(void**,int),void*);
  int (*wal_autocheckpoint)(sqlite3*,int);
  int (*wal_checkpoint)(sqlite3*,const char*);
  void *(*wal_hook)(sqlite3*,int(*)(void*,sqlite3*,const char*,int),void*);
  int (*blob_reopen)(sqlite3_blob*,sqlite3_int64);
  int (*vtab_config)(sqlite3*,int op,...);
  int (*vtab_on_conflict)(sqlite3*);
  /* Version 3.7.16 and later */
  int (*close_v2)(sqlite3*);
  const char *(*db_filename)(sqlite3*,const char*);
  int (*db_readonly)(sqlite3*,const char*);
  int (*db_release_memory)(sqlite3*);
  const char *(*errstr)(int);
  int (*stmt_busy)(sqlite3_stmt*);
  int (*stmt_readonly)(sqlite3_stmt*);
  int (*stricmp)(const char*,const char*);
  int (*uri_boolean)(const char*,const char*,int);
  sqlite3_int64 (*uri_int64)(const char*,const char*,sqlite3_int64);
  const char *(*uri_parameter)(const char*,const char*);
  char *(*vsnprintf)(int,char*,const char*,va_list);
  int (*wal_checkpoint_v2)(sqlite3*,const char*,int,int*,int*);
};

/*
** The following macros redefine the API routines so that they are
** redirected throught the global sqlite3_api structure.
**
** This header file is also used by the loadext.c source file
................................................................................
#define sqlite3_unlock_notify          sqlite3_api->unlock_notify
#define sqlite3_wal_autocheckpoint     sqlite3_api->wal_autocheckpoint
#define sqlite3_wal_checkpoint         sqlite3_api->wal_checkpoint
#define sqlite3_wal_hook               sqlite3_api->wal_hook
#define sqlite3_blob_reopen            sqlite3_api->blob_reopen
#define sqlite3_vtab_config            sqlite3_api->vtab_config
#define sqlite3_vtab_on_conflict       sqlite3_api->vtab_on_conflict
/* Version 3.7.16 and later */
#define sqlite3_close_v2               sqlite3_api->close_v2
#define sqlite3_db_filename            sqlite3_api->db_filename
#define sqlite3_db_readonly            sqlite3_api->db_readonly
#define sqlite3_db_release_memory      sqlite3_api->db_release_memory
#define sqlite3_errstr                 sqlite3_api->errstr
#define sqlite3_stmt_busy              sqlite3_api->stmt_busy
#define sqlite3_stmt_readonly          sqlite3_api->stmt_readonly
#define sqlite3_stricmp                sqlite3_api->stricmp
#define sqlite3_uri_boolean            sqlite3_api->uri_boolean
#define sqlite3_uri_int64              sqlite3_api->uri_int64
#define sqlite3_uri_parameter          sqlite3_api->uri_parameter
#define sqlite3_uri_vsnprintf          sqlite3_api->vsnprintf
#define sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2      sqlite3_api->wal_checkpoint_v2
#endif /* SQLITE_CORE */

#define SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT1     const sqlite3_api_routines *sqlite3_api = 0;
#define SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT2(v)  sqlite3_api = v;

#endif /* _SQLITE3EXT_H_ */