System.Data.SQLite
Check-in [b1d5152664]
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Overview
Comment:Update SQLite core library to the latest 3.8.8 release candidate.
Downloads: Tarball | ZIP archive | SQL archive
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | trunk
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA1: b1d515266432798962d785e640fc395dadd8eb91
User & Date: mistachkin 2015-01-14 21:30:46
Original Comment: Update SQLite core library to the latest 3.8.3 release candidate.
Context
2015-01-15
19:01
Add test case for R-Tree to the .NET Compact Framework test harness. check-in: eb8927b3f3 user: mistachkin tags: trunk
2015-01-14
21:30
Update SQLite core library to the latest 3.8.8 release candidate. check-in: b1d5152664 user: mistachkin tags: trunk
21:26
Address all the LINQ issues mentioned in ticket [8d928c3e88]. Make the storage schema (SSDL) files more consistent with their provider names. check-in: 9ff0f0adf0 user: mistachkin tags: trunk
Changes
Hide Diffs Unified Diffs Ignore Whitespace Patch

Changes to Doc/Extra/Provider/version.html.

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      </table>
    </div>
    <div id="mainSection">
    <div id="mainBody">
    <h1 class="heading">Version History</h1>
    <p><b>1.0.95.0 - January XX, 2015 <font color="red">(release scheduled)</font></b></p>
    <ul>
      <li>Updated to <a href="http://www.sqlite.org/releaselog/3_8_7_4.html">SQLite 3.8.7.4</a>.</li>
      <li>Make sure SQL statements generated for DbUpdateCommandTree objects are properly delimited.</li>
      <li>Various minor performance enhancements to the SQLiteDataReader class. Pursuant to <a href="http://system.data.sqlite.org/index.html/info/e122d26e70">[e122d26e70]</a>.</li>
      <li>Defer disposing of connections created by the static SQLiteCommand.Execute method when a data reader is returned. Fix for <a href="http://system.data.sqlite.org/index.html/info/daeaf3150a">[daeaf3150a]</a>.</li>
      <li>Wrap SELECT statements in parenthesis if they have an ORDER BY, LIMIT, or OFFSET clause and a compound operator is involved. Fix for <a href="http://system.data.sqlite.org/index.html/info/0a32885109">[0a32885109]</a>.</li>
      <li>In the SQLiteDataReader.VerifyType method, remove duplicate &quot;if&quot; statement for the DbType.SByte value and move the remaining &quot;if&quot; to the Int64 affinity. Fix for <a href="http://system.data.sqlite.org/index.html/info/c5cc2fb334">[c5cc2fb334]</a>.&nbsp;<b>** Potentially Incompatible Change **</b></li>
      <li>Handle Julian Day values that fall outside of the supported range for OLE Automation dates. Fix for <a href="http://system.data.sqlite.org/index.html/info/3e783eecbe">[3e783eecbe]</a>.&nbsp;<b>** Potentially Incompatible Change **</b></li>
      <li>Make sure the interop files are copied when publishing a project that refers to a NuGet package containing them. Fix for <a href="http://system.data.sqlite.org/index.html/info/e796ac82c1">[e796ac82c1]</a>.&nbsp;<b>** Potentially Incompatible Change **</b></li>







|







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      </table>
    </div>
    <div id="mainSection">
    <div id="mainBody">
    <h1 class="heading">Version History</h1>
    <p><b>1.0.95.0 - January XX, 2015 <font color="red">(release scheduled)</font></b></p>
    <ul>
      <li>Updated to <a href="http://www.sqlite.org/draft/releaselog/3_8_8.html">SQLite 3.8.8</a>.</li>
      <li>Make sure SQL statements generated for DbUpdateCommandTree objects are properly delimited.</li>
      <li>Various minor performance enhancements to the SQLiteDataReader class. Pursuant to <a href="http://system.data.sqlite.org/index.html/info/e122d26e70">[e122d26e70]</a>.</li>
      <li>Defer disposing of connections created by the static SQLiteCommand.Execute method when a data reader is returned. Fix for <a href="http://system.data.sqlite.org/index.html/info/daeaf3150a">[daeaf3150a]</a>.</li>
      <li>Wrap SELECT statements in parenthesis if they have an ORDER BY, LIMIT, or OFFSET clause and a compound operator is involved. Fix for <a href="http://system.data.sqlite.org/index.html/info/0a32885109">[0a32885109]</a>.</li>
      <li>In the SQLiteDataReader.VerifyType method, remove duplicate &quot;if&quot; statement for the DbType.SByte value and move the remaining &quot;if&quot; to the Int64 affinity. Fix for <a href="http://system.data.sqlite.org/index.html/info/c5cc2fb334">[c5cc2fb334]</a>.&nbsp;<b>** Potentially Incompatible Change **</b></li>
      <li>Handle Julian Day values that fall outside of the supported range for OLE Automation dates. Fix for <a href="http://system.data.sqlite.org/index.html/info/3e783eecbe">[3e783eecbe]</a>.&nbsp;<b>** Potentially Incompatible Change **</b></li>
      <li>Make sure the interop files are copied when publishing a project that refers to a NuGet package containing them. Fix for <a href="http://system.data.sqlite.org/index.html/info/e796ac82c1">[e796ac82c1]</a>.&nbsp;<b>** Potentially Incompatible Change **</b></li>

Changes to SQLite.Interop/props/sqlite3.props.

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 *
 * Written by Joe Mistachkin.
 * Released to the public domain, use at your own risk!
 *
-->
<Project DefaultTargets="Build" xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/developer/msbuild/2003" ToolsVersion="4.0">
  <PropertyGroup Label="UserMacros">
    <SQLITE_MANIFEST_VERSION>3.8.7.4</SQLITE_MANIFEST_VERSION>
    <SQLITE_RC_VERSION>3,8,7,4</SQLITE_RC_VERSION>
    <SQLITE_COMMON_DEFINES>_CRT_SECURE_NO_DEPRECATE;_CRT_SECURE_NO_WARNINGS;_CRT_NONSTDC_NO_DEPRECATE;_CRT_NONSTDC_NO_WARNINGS;SQLITE_THREADSAFE=1;SQLITE_USE_URI=1;SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA=1;SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4=1;SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3=1;SQLITE_ENABLE_LOAD_EXTENSION=1;SQLITE_ENABLE_RTREE=1;SQLITE_SOUNDEX=1;SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT=1</SQLITE_COMMON_DEFINES>
    <SQLITE_EXTRA_DEFINES>SQLITE_HAS_CODEC=1</SQLITE_EXTRA_DEFINES>
    <SQLITE_WINCE_200X_DEFINES>SQLITE_OMIT_WAL=1</SQLITE_WINCE_200X_DEFINES>
    <SQLITE_WINCE_2013_DEFINES>HAVE_ERRNO_H=1;SQLITE_MSVC_LOCALTIME_API=1</SQLITE_WINCE_2013_DEFINES>
    <SQLITE_DEBUG_DEFINES>SQLITE_DEBUG=1;SQLITE_MEMDEBUG=1;SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPENSIVE_ASSERT=1</SQLITE_DEBUG_DEFINES>
    <SQLITE_RELEASE_DEFINES>SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC=1</SQLITE_RELEASE_DEFINES>
    <SQLITE_DISABLE_WARNINGS>4055;4100;4127;4146;4210;4232;4244;4245;4267;4306;4389;4701;4703;4706</SQLITE_DISABLE_WARNINGS>







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 *
 * Written by Joe Mistachkin.
 * Released to the public domain, use at your own risk!
 *
-->
<Project DefaultTargets="Build" xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/developer/msbuild/2003" ToolsVersion="4.0">
  <PropertyGroup Label="UserMacros">
    <SQLITE_MANIFEST_VERSION>3.8.8.0</SQLITE_MANIFEST_VERSION>
    <SQLITE_RC_VERSION>3,8,8,0</SQLITE_RC_VERSION>
    <SQLITE_COMMON_DEFINES>_CRT_SECURE_NO_DEPRECATE;_CRT_SECURE_NO_WARNINGS;_CRT_NONSTDC_NO_DEPRECATE;_CRT_NONSTDC_NO_WARNINGS;SQLITE_THREADSAFE=1;SQLITE_USE_URI=1;SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA=1;SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4=1;SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3=1;SQLITE_ENABLE_LOAD_EXTENSION=1;SQLITE_ENABLE_RTREE=1;SQLITE_SOUNDEX=1;SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT=1</SQLITE_COMMON_DEFINES>
    <SQLITE_EXTRA_DEFINES>SQLITE_HAS_CODEC=1</SQLITE_EXTRA_DEFINES>
    <SQLITE_WINCE_200X_DEFINES>SQLITE_OMIT_WAL=1</SQLITE_WINCE_200X_DEFINES>
    <SQLITE_WINCE_2013_DEFINES>HAVE_ERRNO_H=1;SQLITE_MSVC_LOCALTIME_API=1</SQLITE_WINCE_2013_DEFINES>
    <SQLITE_DEBUG_DEFINES>SQLITE_DEBUG=1;SQLITE_MEMDEBUG=1;SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPENSIVE_ASSERT=1</SQLITE_DEBUG_DEFINES>
    <SQLITE_RELEASE_DEFINES>SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC=1</SQLITE_RELEASE_DEFINES>
    <SQLITE_DISABLE_WARNINGS>4055;4100;4127;4146;4210;4232;4244;4245;4267;4306;4389;4701;4703;4706</SQLITE_DISABLE_WARNINGS>

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<VisualStudioPropertySheet
	ProjectType="Visual C++"
	Version="8.00"
	Name="sqlite3"
	>
	<UserMacro
		Name="SQLITE_MANIFEST_VERSION"
		Value="3.8.7.4"
		PerformEnvironmentSet="true"
	/>
	<UserMacro
		Name="SQLITE_RC_VERSION"
		Value="3,8,7,4"
		PerformEnvironmentSet="true"
	/>
	<UserMacro
		Name="SQLITE_COMMON_DEFINES"
		Value="_CRT_SECURE_NO_DEPRECATE;_CRT_SECURE_NO_WARNINGS;_CRT_NONSTDC_NO_DEPRECATE;_CRT_NONSTDC_NO_WARNINGS;SQLITE_THREADSAFE=1;SQLITE_USE_URI=1;SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA=1;SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4=1;SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3=1;SQLITE_ENABLE_LOAD_EXTENSION=1;SQLITE_ENABLE_RTREE=1;SQLITE_SOUNDEX=1;SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT=1"
		PerformEnvironmentSet="true"
	/>







|




|







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<VisualStudioPropertySheet
	ProjectType="Visual C++"
	Version="8.00"
	Name="sqlite3"
	>
	<UserMacro
		Name="SQLITE_MANIFEST_VERSION"
		Value="3.8.8.0"
		PerformEnvironmentSet="true"
	/>
	<UserMacro
		Name="SQLITE_RC_VERSION"
		Value="3,8,8,0"
		PerformEnvironmentSet="true"
	/>
	<UserMacro
		Name="SQLITE_COMMON_DEFINES"
		Value="_CRT_SECURE_NO_DEPRECATE;_CRT_SECURE_NO_WARNINGS;_CRT_NONSTDC_NO_DEPRECATE;_CRT_NONSTDC_NO_WARNINGS;SQLITE_THREADSAFE=1;SQLITE_USE_URI=1;SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA=1;SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4=1;SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3=1;SQLITE_ENABLE_LOAD_EXTENSION=1;SQLITE_ENABLE_RTREE=1;SQLITE_SOUNDEX=1;SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT=1"
		PerformEnvironmentSet="true"
	/>

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9066





9067
9068
9069
9070
9071
9072
9073
9074
9075
9076

9077
9078
9079
9080
9081
9082
9083
....
9122
9123
9124
9125
9126
9127
9128

9129
9130
9131
9132
9133
9134
9135
....
9664
9665
9666
9667
9668
9669
9670






9671
9672
9673
9674
9675
9676
9677
....
9844
9845
9846
9847
9848
9849
9850

9851
9852
9853
9854
9855
9856
9857
....
9859
9860
9861
9862
9863
9864
9865


9866
9867
9868
9869
9870
9871
9872
.....
10047
10048
10049
10050
10051
10052
10053




10054
10055
10056
10057
10058
10059
10060
.....
10579
10580
10581
10582
10583
10584
10585

10586
10587
10588
10589
10590
10591
10592
.....
10680
10681
10682
10683
10684
10685
10686
10687

10688
10689
10690
10691
10692
10693
10694
.....
10733
10734
10735
10736
10737
10738
10739
10740
10741
10742
10743
10744
10745
10746
10747
.....
11304
11305
11306
11307
11308
11309
11310
11311
11312
11313
11314
11315
11316
11317
11318
11319
11320
11321

11322
11323
11324
11325
11326
11327

11328
11329
11330
11331
11332
11333
11334
.....
11518
11519
11520
11521
11522
11523
11524
11525
11526
11527
11528
11529
11530
11531
11532
.....
11866
11867
11868
11869
11870
11871
11872
11873
11874
11875
11876
11877
11878
11879
11880
.....
12356
12357
12358
12359
12360
12361
12362

12363
12364
12365
12366
12367
12368
12369
.....
12411
12412
12413
12414
12415
12416
12417

12418
12419
12420

12421
12422
12423
12424
12425
12426
12427
.....
12491
12492
12493
12494
12495
12496
12497
12498
12499
12500
12501
12502
12503
12504
12505
.....
12814
12815
12816
12817
12818
12819
12820

12821
12822
12823
12824
12825
12826
12827
.....
13275
13276
13277
13278
13279
13280
13281
13282
13283
13284
13285
13286
13287
13288
13289
.....
13471
13472
13473
13474
13475
13476
13477




13478
13479
13480
13481
13482




13483
13484
13485







13486
13487
13488
13489
13490
13491
13492
.....
13510
13511
13512
13513
13514
13515
13516

13517
13518
13519
13520
13521
13522
13523
.....
13565
13566
13567
13568
13569
13570
13571
13572
13573
13574
13575
13576
13577
13578
13579
13580
.....
13616
13617
13618
13619
13620
13621
13622
13623
13624
13625
13626
13627
13628
13629
13630
13631
13632
13633
13634
13635
13636
13637
13638
13639
13640
13641
13642
13643
13644
13645
13646
13647
13648
13649
13650
13651
13652



13653
13654
13655
13656
13657
13658
13659
13660
13661
13662
13663
13664
13665
13666
13667
13668
13669
13670
13671
13672
13673
13674
13675
13676
13677
13678
13679
13680
13681
13682
13683
13684
13685
13686
13687
13688
13689
13690
13691
13692
13693
13694
13695
13696
13697
13698
13699
13700
13701
13702
13703
13704
13705
13706
13707
13708
13709
13710
13711
13712
13713
13714
13715
13716
13717
13718
13719
13720
13721
13722
13723
13724
13725
13726
13727
13728
13729
13730
13731
13732
13733
13734
13735
13736
13737
13738
13739
13740
13741
13742
13743
13744
13745
13746
13747
13748
13749
13750
13751
13752
13753
13754
13755
13756
13757
13758
13759
13760
13761
13762
13763
13764
13765
13766
13767
13768
13769
13770
13771
13772
13773
13774
13775
13776
13777
13778
13779
13780
13781
13782
13783
13784
13785
13786
13787
13788
13789
13790
13791
13792
13793
13794
13795
13796
13797
13798
13799
13800
13801
13802
13803
13804
13805
13806
13807
13808
13809
13810
13811
13812
13813
13814
13815
13816
13817
13818
13819
13820
13821
13822
13823
13824
13825
13826
13827
13828
13829
13830
13831
13832
13833
13834
13835
13836
13837
13838
13839
13840
13841
13842
13843
13844
13845
13846
13847
13848
13849
13850
13851
13852
13853
13854
13855
13856
13857
13858
13859
13860
13861
13862
13863
13864
13865
13866
13867
13868
13869
13870
13871
13872
13873
13874
13875
13876
13877
13878
13879
13880
13881
13882
13883
13884
13885
13886
13887
13888
13889
13890
13891
13892
13893
13894
13895
13896
13897
13898
13899
13900
13901
13902
13903
13904
13905
13906
13907
13908
13909
13910
13911
13912
13913
13914
13915
13916
13917
13918
13919
13920
13921
13922
13923
13924
13925
13926
13927
13928
13929
13930
13931
13932
13933
13934
13935
13936
13937
13938
13939
13940
13941
13942
13943
13944
13945
13946
13947
13948
13949
13950
13951
13952
13953
13954
13955
13956
13957
13958
13959
13960
13961
13962
13963
13964
13965
13966
13967
13968
13969
13970
13971
13972
13973
13974
13975
13976
13977







13978
13979
13980
13981
13982
13983
13984
.....
14152
14153
14154
14155
14156
14157
14158

14159
14160
14161
14162
14163
14164
14165
14166
14167
14168
14169
14170
14171

14172
14173
14174
14175
14176
14177
14178
.....
14315
14316
14317
14318
14319
14320
14321










14322
14323
14324
14325
14326
14327
14328
.....
14387
14388
14389
14390
14391
14392
14393





14394
14395
14396
14397
14398
14399
14400
.....
14576
14577
14578
14579
14580
14581
14582



14583
14584
14585
14586
14587
14588
14589
.....
14595
14596
14597
14598
14599
14600
14601





14602
14603
14604
14605
14606
14607
14608
.....
14773
14774
14775
14776
14777
14778
14779
14780
14781
14782
14783
14784
14785
14786
14787
.....
14788
14789
14790
14791
14792
14793
14794
14795
14796
14797
14798
14799
14800
14801
14802
.....
15060
15061
15062
15063
15064
15065
15066
15067
15068
15069
15070
15071
15072
15073
15074
.....
15168
15169
15170
15171
15172
15173
15174
15175
15176

15177
15178
15179
15180
15181
15182
15183
.....
15189
15190
15191
15192
15193
15194
15195
15196
15197
15198
15199
15200
15201
15202
15203
15204
.....
15207
15208
15209
15210
15211
15212
15213
15214
15215
15216
15217
15218
15219
15220
15221
.....
15631
15632
15633
15634
15635
15636
15637
15638
15639
15640
15641
15642
15643
15644
15645
.....
15651
15652
15653
15654
15655
15656
15657
15658
15659


15660
15661
15662
15663
15664
15665
15666
.....
15846
15847
15848
15849
15850
15851
15852
15853
15854
15855
15856
15857
15858
15859
15860
.....
16256
16257
16258
16259
16260
16261
16262




16263
16264
16265
16266
16267
16268
16269
.....
16516
16517
16518
16519
16520
16521
16522
16523
16524
16525
16526
16527
16528
16529
16530
16531
16532
.....
18613
18614
18615
18616
18617
18618
18619

18620
18621
18622
18623
18624
18625
18626
.....
19069
19070
19071
19072
19073
19074
19075
19076
19077




19078
19079
19080
19081
19082
19083
19084
.....
19751
19752
19753
19754
19755
19756
19757






19758
19759
19760
19761
19762
19763
19764
.....
20292
20293
20294
20295
20296
20297
20298
20299
20300
20301
20302

20303
20304
20305
20306
20307
20308
20309
20310
.....
20745
20746
20747
20748
20749
20750
20751
20752
20753
20754
20755
20756
20757
20758
20759
20760
20761
20762
20763
20764
20765
20766
20767
20768
20769
.....
20955
20956
20957
20958
20959
20960
20961







20962
20963
20964
20965
20966
20967
20968
.....
21495
21496
21497
21498
21499
21500
21501





21502
21503
21504
21505
21506
21507
21508
.....
21511
21512
21513
21514
21515
21516
21517

21518
21519
21520
21521
21522
21523
21524
.....
21680
21681
21682
21683
21684
21685
21686







21687
21688
21689
21690
21691
21692
21693
.....
21722
21723
21724
21725
21726
21727
21728







21729
21730
21731
21732
21733
21734
21735
.....
21913
21914
21915
21916
21917
21918
21919








21920
21921
21922
21923

21924
21925
21926
21927
21928
21929
21930
21931
.....
22019
22020
22021
22022
22023
22024
22025


22026
22027
22028
22029
22030
22031
22032
.....
22805
22806
22807
22808
22809
22810
22811
22812
22813
22814
22815
22816
22817
22818
22819
.....
22846
22847
22848
22849
22850
22851
22852
22853
22854
22855
22856
22857
22858
22859
22860
.....
22876
22877
22878
22879
22880
22881
22882
22883
22884
22885
22886
22887
22888
22889
22890
22891
22892
.....
23039
23040
23041
23042
23043
23044
23045





23046
23047
23048
23049
23050
23051
23052





23053
23054
23055
23056
23057
23058
23059
.....
28189
28190
28191
28192
28193
28194
28195
28196
28197
28198
28199
28200
28201
28202
28203
28204
28205
.....
28512
28513
28514
28515
28516
28517
28518
28519
28520
28521
28522

28523
28524
28525

28526
28527
28528
28529
28530
28531
28532



28533
28534
28535
28536




28537
28538
28539
28540
28541
28542
28543
.....
32578
32579
32580
32581
32582
32583
32584





32585
32586
32587
32588
32589
32590
32591
.....
32707
32708
32709
32710
32711
32712
32713
32714
32715
32716
32717

32718
32719
32720
32721
32722
32723
32724
.....
32738
32739
32740
32741
32742
32743
32744
32745
32746
32747
32748
32749
32750
32751
32752
.....
33031
33032
33033
33034
33035
33036
33037
33038
33039
33040
33041
33042
33043
33044
33045
33046
33047
33048
33049
33050
33051
33052
33053
33054
33055
.....
33381
33382
33383
33384
33385
33386
33387
33388

33389
33390
33391
33392
33393
33394
33395
.....
33451
33452
33453
33454
33455
33456
33457
33458
33459
33460
33461
33462
33463
33464
33465
.....
33514
33515
33516
33517
33518
33519
33520
33521
33522
33523
33524
33525
33526
33527
33528
.....
33578
33579
33580
33581
33582
33583
33584
33585
33586
33587
33588
33589
33590
33591
33592
.....
33740
33741
33742
33743
33744
33745
33746
33747
33748
33749
33750
33751
33752
33753
33754
33755
.....
35016
35017
35018
35019
35020
35021
35022
35023
35024
35025
35026
35027
35028
35029
35030
.....
35048
35049
35050
35051
35052
35053
35054
35055
35056
35057
35058
35059
35060
35061
35062
.....
35120
35121
35122
35123
35124
35125
35126
35127
35128
35129
35130
35131
35132
35133
35134
35135
35136
35137
35138
35139
35140
35141
35142
35143
35144
35145
35146
35147
35148
35149
35150
35151
35152
35153
35154
35155
35156
35157
35158
35159
35160
35161
35162
35163
35164
35165
35166
35167
35168
.....
38535
38536
38537
38538
38539
38540
38541
38542
38543
38544
38545
38546
38547
38548
38549
38550
38551
38552
38553
38554
38555
38556
38557
38558
38559
38560
.....
38700
38701
38702
38703
38704
38705
38706
38707

38708
38709
38710
38711
38712
38713
38714
.....
39154
39155
39156
39157
39158
39159
39160







39161
39162
39163
39164
39165
39166
39167
.....
39468
39469
39470
39471
39472
39473
39474
39475
39476
39477
39478
39479
39480
39481
39482
.....
40153
40154
40155
40156
40157
40158
40159





40160
40161
40162
40163
40164
40165
40166
.....
41509
41510
41511
41512
41513
41514
41515


41516
41517
41518
41519
41520
41521
41522
.....
41526
41527
41528
41529
41530
41531
41532

41533
41534
41535
41536
41537
41538
41539
41540
41541
41542
.....
42544
42545
42546
42547
42548
42549
42550

42551
42552
42553








42554
42555
42556
42557
42558
42559
42560
.....
43762
43763
43764
43765
43766
43767
43768
43769
43770
43771
43772
43773
43774
43775
43776
.....
44750
44751
44752
44753
44754
44755
44756
44757
44758
44759
44760
44761
44762
44763
44764
.....
45981
45982
45983
45984
45985
45986
45987
45988
45989
45990
45991
45992
45993
45994
45995
45996
45997
45998
45999
46000
46001
46002
46003
46004
.....
46155
46156
46157
46158
46159
46160
46161

46162
46163
46164
46165
46166
46167
46168
.....
46304
46305
46306
46307
46308
46309
46310

46311
46312
46313
46314
46315
46316
46317
.....
47170
47171
47172
47173
47174
47175
47176

47177
47178
47179
47180
47181
47182
47183
.....
47709
47710
47711
47712
47713
47714
47715












47716
47717
47718
47719
47720
47721
47722
.....
47926
47927
47928
47929
47930
47931
47932

47933
47934
47935
47936
47937
47938
47939
47940
.....
48107
48108
48109
48110
48111
48112
48113

48114
48115
48116
48117
48118
48119
48120
.....
49617
49618
49619
49620
49621
49622
49623
49624
49625
49626
49627
49628
49629
49630
49631
.....
49652
49653
49654
49655
49656
49657
49658
49659
49660
49661
49662
49663
49664
49665
49666
49667
49668
49669
49670
49671
49672
49673
49674
49675
49676
.....
49699
49700
49701
49702
49703
49704
49705
49706
49707
49708
49709
49710
49711
49712
49713
.....
49735
49736
49737
49738
49739
49740
49741
































49742
49743
49744
49745
49746
49747
49748
.....
49770
49771
49772
49773
49774
49775
49776
49777
49778
49779
49780
49781
49782
49783
49784
49785
49786
49787
49788
49789
49790
49791
49792
49793
49794
49795
49796
49797
49798
.....
49799
49800
49801
49802
49803
49804
49805


49806
49807
49808
49809
49810
49811
49812
49813
.....
49888
49889
49890
49891
49892
49893
49894
49895
49896
49897
49898
49899
49900
49901
49902
49903
49904


49905
49906
49907

















49908
49909
49910
49911
49912
49913
49914
.....
50473
50474
50475
50476
50477
50478
50479
50480
50481
50482
50483
50484
50485
50486
50487
.....
50686
50687
50688
50689
50690
50691
50692
50693
50694
50695
50696
50697
50698
50699
50700
.....
50719
50720
50721
50722
50723
50724
50725
50726
50727
50728
50729
50730
50731
50732
50733
50734
50735
50736
50737
50738
50739

50740
50741
50742
50743
50744
50745
50746
.....
51020
51021
51022
51023
51024
51025
51026
51027
51028
51029
51030
51031
51032
51033
51034
51035
51036
51037
51038

51039
51040
51041
51042




51043
51044



51045
51046
51047
51048
51049








51050
51051
51052
51053
51054
51055
51056
51057
51058
51059
51060
51061
51062
51063
51064
51065
51066
51067
51068

51069
51070
51071
51072
51073
51074
51075
.....
51079
51080
51081
51082
51083
51084
51085
51086
51087
51088
51089
51090
51091
51092
51093
.....
51578
51579
51580
51581
51582
51583
51584

51585
51586
51587
51588
51589
51590
51591
.....
53330
53331
53332
53333
53334
53335
53336





53337
53338
53339
53340
53341
53342
53343
53344
53345
53346
53347
53348

53349
53350
53351
53352
53353
53354
53355
53356
53357
53358
53359
53360
53361
53362
53363
53364
53365
53366
53367
53368
53369
53370
53371
53372
53373
.....
53378
53379
53380
53381
53382
53383
53384
53385
53386
53387
53388
53389
53390
53391
53392
53393
53394
53395
53396
53397
53398
53399
53400









53401
53402
53403
53404
53405
53406
53407
53408
53409
53410
53411
53412
53413































































53414
53415
53416
53417
53418
53419
53420
.....
53425
53426
53427
53428
53429
53430
53431

53432
53433
53434
53435
53436
53437
53438
53439
53440
53441
53442
53443
53444
53445
53446
53447
53448
53449
53450
53451
53452
53453
53454
53455
53456
53457
53458
53459
53460
53461
53462
53463
53464
53465
53466
53467
53468
53469
53470
53471
53472
53473
53474
53475
53476
53477
53478
53479
53480
53481
53482
53483
53484
53485
53486
53487
53488


53489
53490
53491
53492
53493
53494
53495
53496
53497
53498
53499
53500
53501
53502
53503
53504
53505
53506
53507
53508
.....
53541
53542
53543
53544
53545
53546
53547
53548
53549
53550
53551
53552
53553
53554
53555
.....
53636
53637
53638
53639
53640
53641
53642






53643
53644
53645
53646
53647
53648






53649
53650
53651
53652
53653
53654


53655
53656
53657
53658
53659
53660
53661
.....
53687
53688
53689
53690
53691
53692
53693


53694
53695
53696
53697
53698
53699
53700
53701



53702


53703
53704
53705
53706
53707
53708





53709
53710
53711
53712
53713
53714
53715
.....
53735
53736
53737
53738
53739
53740
53741
53742



53743
53744
53745
53746
53747



53748

53749
53750
53751
53752
53753
53754
53755
.....
54147
54148
54149
54150
54151
54152
54153



54154
54155
54156
54157
54158
54159
54160
.....
54165
54166
54167
54168
54169
54170
54171



54172
54173
54174
54175
54176
54177
54178
.....
54674
54675
54676
54677
54678
54679
54680



54681
54682
54683
54684
54685
54686
54687
.....
54714
54715
54716
54717
54718
54719
54720
54721
54722

54723
54724
54725
54726
54727
54728



54729


54730
54731
54732
54733
54734
54735
54736







54737
54738
54739
54740
54741
54742
54743
.....
54750
54751
54752
54753
54754
54755
54756



54757
54758
54759
54760
54761
54762
54763
.....
55630
55631
55632
55633
55634
55635
55636

55637
55638
55639
55640
55641
55642
55643
.....
55993
55994
55995
55996
55997
55998
55999
56000
56001
56002
56003
56004
56005
56006
56007
.....
56287
56288
56289
56290
56291
56292
56293

56294
56295
56296
56297
56298
56299
56300
.....
56305
56306
56307
56308
56309
56310
56311
56312
56313
56314
56315
56316
56317
56318
56319
56320
.....
56353
56354
56355
56356
56357
56358
56359

56360
56361
56362
56363
56364
56365
56366
.....
57327
57328
57329
57330
57331
57332
57333


57334
57335
57336
57337
57338
57339
57340
.....
57373
57374
57375
57376
57377
57378
57379



57380
57381



57382
57383
57384
57385
57386
57387
57388
.....
57389
57390
57391
57392
57393
57394
57395
57396
57397

57398
57399
57400
57401
57402
57403
57404
.....
57708
57709
57710
57711
57712
57713
57714





57715
57716
57717
57718
57719
57720
57721
.....
58059
58060
58061
58062
58063
58064
58065







58066
58067
58068

58069
58070
58071
58072
58073
58074
58075
.....
58156
58157
58158
58159
58160
58161
58162
58163
58164









58165
58166
58167
58168


58169
58170

58171
58172
58173
58174
58175
58176
58177








58178


















58179
58180
58181
58182
58183
58184
58185
58186
58187




58188
58189
58190
58191
58192



















































58193






































58194








































58195
58196



58197
58198
58199
58200
























































58201




















58202
58203
58204
58205
58206
58207
58208
.....
58248
58249
58250
58251
58252
58253
58254
58255
58256
58257
58258
58259
58260
58261
58262
.....
58266
58267
58268
58269
58270
58271
58272
58273

58274
58275
58276
58277
58278
58279
58280
.....
58485
58486
58487
58488
58489
58490
58491
58492
58493
58494
58495
58496

58497
58498
58499
58500
58501




58502

58503
58504
58505
58506
58507
58508
58509
.....
58604
58605
58606
58607
58608
58609
58610
58611
58612
58613
58614
58615
58616




58617
58618
58619
58620
58621
58622
58623
58624
58625
58626
58627
58628
58629
58630
58631
58632
58633
58634
58635
58636
58637
.....
58639
58640
58641
58642
58643
58644
58645
58646
58647
58648
58649
58650
58651
58652
58653
58654
58655
58656
58657
58658
58659
58660
58661
.....
58668
58669
58670
58671
58672
58673
58674

58675
58676
58677
58678
58679
58680
58681
.....
58690
58691
58692
58693
58694
58695
58696
58697




58698
58699
58700
58701
58702
58703
58704
.....
58719
58720
58721
58722
58723
58724
58725
58726
58727
58728
58729
58730
58731
58732
58733
58734
58735
58736
58737
58738
58739
58740
58741

58742
58743
58744
58745
58746
58747
58748
58749
.....
58764
58765
58766
58767
58768
58769
58770


58771
58772
58773
58774
58775
58776
58777
58778
58779
58780
58781
58782
58783
58784
58785
58786
58787
58788
58789
58790
58791
58792
58793
.....
58802
58803
58804
58805
58806
58807
58808

58809
58810

58811
58812
58813
58814
58815
58816
58817
58818
58819
58820
58821
58822
58823
58824
58825
58826
58827
58828
58829
58830
58831
58832
58833

58834
58835
58836
58837
58838
58839
58840
58841
58842
58843
58844
58845
58846

58847









58848
58849
58850
58851
58852
58853
58854



58855
58856








58857
58858
58859
58860
58861
58862



58863
58864

58865

58866

58867


58868
58869
58870
58871












58872
58873
58874










58875
58876
58877
58878

58879
58880
58881
58882
58883

58884



58885







58886


58887
58888
58889
58890
58891
58892
























58893
58894
58895


58896
58897
58898
58899
58900
58901
58902
58903
58904
58905
58906
58907
58908
58909
58910
58911
58912
58913
58914
58915
58916
58917
58918
58919
58920
58921
58922
58923
58924
58925
58926
58927
58928
58929
58930
58931
58932
58933
58934
58935
58936
58937
58938
58939
58940
58941
58942
































58943
58944




























58945
58946
58947
58948
58949
58950
58951
58952
58953
58954
58955
58956
58957
58958
58959
58960
58961
58962
58963
58964
58965
58966

58967


58968
58969

58970
58971
58972
58973
58974
58975
58976
58977
58978
58979
58980
58981
58982
58983
58984
58985
58986
58987
58988
58989
58990
58991
58992
58993
58994
58995
58996
58997
58998
58999
59000
59001
59002
59003
59004
59005
59006
59007
59008
59009
59010
59011


59012
59013
59014
59015
59016
59017
59018
59019
59020
59021
59022
59023
59024


59025
59026
59027
59028
59029
59030
59031
59032
59033
59034
59035
59036
59037
59038
59039
59040
59041
59042
59043
59044
59045
59046
59047


59048
59049
59050
59051
59052
59053
59054
59055




59056
59057
59058
59059
59060
59061
59062
59063
59064
59065
59066
59067
59068
59069
59070

59071
59072
59073
59074
59075
59076
59077
59078
59079
59080
59081
59082

59083
59084
59085
59086
59087
59088
59089
.....
59967
59968
59969
59970
59971
59972
59973







59974
59975
59976
59977
59978
59979
59980
59981
59982
59983



59984

59985
59986
59987
59988
59989
59990
59991
.....
60068
60069
60070
60071
60072
60073
60074
60075
60076
60077
60078
60079
60080
60081
60082
.....
60460
60461
60462
60463
60464
60465
60466


60467


60468


60469
60470
60471
60472
60473
60474
60475
.....
60477
60478
60479
60480
60481
60482
60483



60484
60485
60486
60487
60488
60489
60490




60491


60492
60493
60494
60495
60496
60497
60498
60499
60500
60501
60502
60503
60504





60505
60506
60507
60508
60509
60510
60511
.....
60901
60902
60903
60904
60905
60906
60907





60908
60909
60910
60911
60912
60913
60914
.....
61024
61025
61026
61027
61028
61029
61030














61031
61032
61033
61034
61035
61036
61037
.....
61040
61041
61042
61043
61044
61045
61046







61047
61048
61049
61050
61051
61052
61053
.....
61077
61078
61079
61080
61081
61082
61083

61084


61085

61086
61087
61088
61089
61090
61091
61092
61093
61094
61095
61096
.....
61237
61238
61239
61240
61241
61242
61243



61244
61245
61246
61247
61248
61249
61250
.....
61526
61527
61528
61529
61530
61531
61532






61533
61534
61535
61536
61537
61538
61539
61540






61541
61542
61543
61544
61545
61546
61547
.....
63624
63625
63626
63627
63628
63629
63630

63631
63632
63633
63634
63635
63636
63637
63638
63639
63640
63641
63642
63643
63644
63645
63646
63647





63648
63649
63650
63651
63652
63653
63654
63655
63656
63657
63658
63659
63660
63661
63662
63663
.....
63824
63825
63826
63827
63828
63829
63830




























63831
63832
63833
63834
63835
63836
63837
.....
64923
64924
64925
64926
64927
64928
64929



64930
64931
64932
64933
64934
64935
64936
.....
64939
64940
64941
64942
64943
64944
64945
64946
64947
64948
64949
64950
64951
64952
64953
.....
64990
64991
64992
64993
64994
64995
64996



64997
64998
64999
65000
65001
65002
65003
65004
65005
65006

65007
65008
65009
65010
65011
65012
65013
.....
65567
65568
65569
65570
65571
65572
65573

65574
65575
65576
65577
65578
65579
65580
.....
65607
65608
65609
65610
65611
65612
65613

65614
65615
65616
65617
65618
65619
65620
65621

65622
65623
65624
65625
65626
65627
65628
65629
65630
65631
65632

65633
65634
65635
65636
65637
65638
65639
.....
65646
65647
65648
65649
65650
65651
65652

65653
65654
65655
65656
65657
65658
65659
.....
65907
65908
65909
65910
65911
65912
65913






65914
65915
65916
65917
65918
65919
65920
.....
66065
66066
66067
66068
66069
66070
66071
66072
66073
66074
66075
66076
66077
66078
66079
66080
66081
.....
66233
66234
66235
66236
66237
66238
66239


66240
66241
66242
66243


66244
66245
66246
66247
66248
66249
66250
.....
66264
66265
66266
66267
66268
66269
66270
66271

66272
66273
66274
66275


66276
66277
66278
66279
66280
66281


66282
66283
66284
66285
66286
66287


66288
66289
66290
66291
66292
66293


66294
66295
66296
66297
66298
66299


66300
66301
66302
66303
66304
66305
66306
66307
66308
66309
66310
66311
66312


66313
66314
66315
66316
66317




66318
66319
66320
66321
66322
66323
66324
.....
67708
67709
67710
67711
67712
67713
67714


67715

67716
67717
67718
67719
67720
67721
67722
.....
67888
67889
67890
67891
67892
67893
67894
67895
67896
67897
67898
67899
67900
67901
67902
.....
68274
68275
68276
68277
68278
68279
68280
68281
68282
68283
68284




68285




68286
68287
68288
68289
68290
68291
68292
.....
68743
68744
68745
68746
68747
68748
68749






68750
68751
68752
68753
68754
68755
68756
.....
68758
68759
68760
68761
68762
68763
68764







68765
68766
68767
68768
68769





































































68770
68771
68772
68773
68774
68775
68776
.....
69648
69649
69650
69651
69652
69653
69654



69655
69656
69657
69658
69659
69660
69661
.....
71673
71674
71675
71676
71677
71678
71679
71680



71681
71682
71683
71684
71685
71686
71687
.....
71707
71708
71709
71710
71711
71712
71713


71714


71715
71716
71717
71718
71719
71720
71721
.....
72842
72843
72844
72845
72846
72847
72848
72849
72850
72851
72852
72853
72854
72855
72856
72857
72858
72859
72860
72861
72862
72863
72864
72865
72866
72867
72868
.....
73539
73540
73541
73542
73543
73544
73545
73546
73547
73548
73549
73550
73551
73552
73553
73554
73555
.....
74457
74458
74459
74460
74461
74462
74463



74464
74465
74466
74467
74468
74469
74470
.....
74474
74475
74476
74477
74478
74479
74480

74481
74482
74483
74484
74485
74486
74487
74488
74489
74490



74491
74492
74493
74494
74495
74496
74497
.....
74728
74729
74730
74731
74732
74733
74734
74735
74736
74737
74738
74739
74740
74741
74742
74743
.....
74747
74748
74749
74750
74751
74752
74753

74754
74755
74756
74757
74758
74759
74760
.....
75672
75673
75674
75675
75676
75677
75678





75679
75680
75681
75682
75683
75684
75685
.....
75890
75891
75892
75893
75894
75895
75896
75897
75898
75899
75900
75901
75902
75903
75904
.....
75908
75909
75910
75911
75912
75913
75914
75915
75916
75917
75918

75919
75920
75921
75922
75923
75924
75925
.....
76088
76089
76090
76091
76092
76093
76094
76095
76096
76097
76098
76099
76100
76101
76102
.....
76133
76134
76135
76136
76137
76138
76139







76140
76141
76142
76143
76144
76145
76146
.....
76427
76428
76429
76430
76431
76432
76433
76434
76435
76436
76437
76438
76439
76440
76441
76442
76443
.....
76828
76829
76830
76831
76832
76833
76834

76835
76836
76837

76838
76839
76840
76841
76842
76843
76844
76845
76846
76847
76848
76849
76850
76851
.....
77111
77112
77113
77114
77115
77116
77117
77118
77119
77120



77121
77122
77123
77124
77125
77126
77127
77128
77129
77130
.....
78397
78398
78399
78400
78401
78402
78403

78404
78405
78406
78407
78408
78409
78410
.....
79209
79210
79211
79212
79213
79214
79215
79216
79217
79218
79219
79220
79221
79222
79223
79224
79225
79226
79227
79228
79229
79230
79231
.....
79769
79770
79771
79772
79773
79774
79775
79776
79777
79778
79779
79780
79781
79782
79783
.....
79901
79902
79903
79904
79905
79906
79907
79908
79909
79910
79911
79912
79913
79914
79915
.....
81163
81164
81165
81166
81167
81168
81169
81170
81171
81172
81173
81174
81175
81176
81177
.....
81858
81859
81860
81861
81862
81863
81864
81865
81866
81867
81868
81869
81870
81871
81872
81873

81874
81875



81876
81877
81878
81879
81880
81881
81882
81883
81884
81885
81886
81887
81888
81889
81890
81891
81892
81893
81894
81895
81896
81897
81898
81899
81900
81901



81902
81903
81904
81905
81906
81907
81908
81909
81910
81911



81912
81913

81914
81915
81916
81917
81918
81919
81920
81921
81922
81923
81924
81925
81926
81927
81928
81929
81930
81931
81932
81933
81934
81935
81936
81937
81938
81939
81940
81941
81942
81943

81944
81945
81946
81947
81948
81949
81950
81951
81952
81953
81954
81955
81956
81957
81958
81959
81960
81961
81962
81963
81964
81965
81966
81967
81968
81969
81970
81971










81972
81973
81974
81975
81976
81977
81978
81979
81980
81981
81982
81983
81984
81985
81986
81987
81988
.....
83631
83632
83633
83634
83635
83636
83637
83638



83639
83640
83641
83642
83643
83644
83645
.....
84693
84694
84695
84696
84697
84698
84699

84700
84701
84702
84703
84704
84705
84706
84707
84708
84709
84710
.....
86274
86275
86276
86277
86278
86279
86280
86281
86282
86283
86284
86285
86286
86287
86288
.....
87283
87284
87285
87286
87287
87288
87289
87290
87291
87292
87293


87294
87295
87296
87297
87298


87299
87300
87301
87302
87303
87304
87305
87306

87307
87308
87309
87310
87311
87312
87313
.....
87425
87426
87427
87428
87429
87430
87431

87432
87433
87434
87435
87436
87437
87438
.....
87686
87687
87688
87689
87690
87691
87692
87693
87694
87695
87696
87697
87698
87699
87700
.....
87861
87862
87863
87864
87865
87866
87867

87868
87869
87870
87871
87872
87873
87874

87875
87876
87877
87878
87879
87880
87881
.....
88368
88369
88370
88371
88372
88373
88374



88375
88376
88377
88378
88379
88380
88381
.....
88862
88863
88864
88865
88866
88867
88868
88869





88870
88871
88872
88873
88874
88875
88876
.....
88986
88987
88988
88989
88990
88991
88992
88993
88994
88995
88996
88997
88998
88999
89000
.....
90265
90266
90267
90268
90269
90270
90271













90272
90273
90274
90275
90276
90277
90278
.....
92741
92742
92743
92744
92745
92746
92747
92748
92749
92750
92751
92752
92753
92754
92755
92756
92757
92758
92759

92760
92761
92762
92763
92764
92765
92766
92767
92768
92769
92770
92771
92772
92773
92774
92775
92776
92777

92778
92779
92780
92781

92782
92783
92784
92785
92786
92787
92788
.....
93555
93556
93557
93558
93559
93560
93561
93562
93563
93564
93565
93566
93567
93568
93569
93570
.....
94326
94327
94328
94329
94330
94331
94332
94333
94334
94335
94336
94337
94338
94339
94340
94341
.....
96395
96396
96397
96398
96399
96400
96401
96402
96403
96404
96405
96406
96407
96408
96409
.....
96466
96467
96468
96469
96470
96471
96472




96473
96474
96475
96476
96477
96478
96479
.....
96583
96584
96585
96586
96587
96588
96589
96590
96591
96592
96593
96594
96595
96596
96597
96598
96599
96600
96601
96602
96603
.....
96767
96768
96769
96770
96771
96772
96773


















96774
96775
96776
96777
96778
96779
96780
.....
96820
96821
96822
96823
96824
96825
96826
96827
96828
96829
96830
96831
96832
96833
96834
.....
96879
96880
96881
96882
96883
96884
96885
96886
96887
96888
96889
96890
96891
96892
96893
.....
96894
96895
96896
96897
96898
96899
96900
96901
96902
96903
96904
96905






96906
96907
96908
96909
96910
96911
96912
96913
.....
96920
96921
96922
96923
96924
96925
96926
96927
96928
96929
96930
96931
96932
96933
96934
96935
.....
96945
96946
96947
96948
96949
96950
96951
96952
96953
96954
96955
96956
96957
96958




















96959
96960
96961
96962
96963
96964
96965
......
100045
100046
100047
100048
100049
100050
100051
100052
100053
100054
100055
100056
100057
100058
100059
......
100855
100856
100857
100858
100859
100860
100861

100862
100863
100864
100865
100866
100867
100868
......
100871
100872
100873
100874
100875
100876
100877
100878
100879
100880
100881
100882
100883
100884
100885
......
100937
100938
100939
100940
100941
100942
100943






100944
100945
100946
100947
100948
100949
100950
......
100992
100993
100994
100995
100996
100997
100998
100999
101000
101001
101002
101003
101004
101005
101006
101007
......
101145
101146
101147
101148
101149
101150
101151
101152
101153
101154
101155
101156
101157
101158
101159
......
101211
101212
101213
101214
101215
101216
101217
101218
101219
101220
101221
101222
101223
101224
101225
......
101254
101255
101256
101257
101258
101259
101260
101261
101262
101263
101264
101265
101266
101267
101268
......
101504
101505
101506
101507
101508
101509
101510
101511
101512
101513
101514
101515
101516
101517
101518
......
102864
102865
102866
102867
102868
102869
102870

102871
102872
102873
102874
102875
102876
102877
102878
......
102909
102910
102911
102912
102913
102914
102915
102916
102917
102918
102919
102920
102921
102922
102923
102924
102925
102926
102927
102928
102929
102930
102931
102932
102933
102934
102935
102936
102937
102938
102939
102940
......
102979
102980
102981
102982
102983
102984
102985
102986
102987
102988
102989
102990
102991
102992
102993
102994
102995
102996
102997


102998
102999
103000
103001
103002
103003
103004
......
103570
103571
103572
103573
103574
103575
103576

103577
103578
103579

103580
103581
103582
103583
103584
103585
103586
......
103885
103886
103887
103888
103889
103890
103891
103892




103893
103894
103895
103896
103897
103898
103899
103900
103901
......
103994
103995
103996
103997
103998
103999
104000
104001


104002
104003
104004
104005
104006
104007
104008
104009
104010
......
104122
104123
104124
104125
104126
104127
104128
104129
104130
104131
104132


104133
104134
104135
104136
104137
104138
104139
104140
104141
104142




104143
104144
104145
104146
104147
104148
104149
......
104194
104195
104196
104197
104198
104199
104200
104201
104202
104203
104204
104205
104206
104207
104208
104209
......
104220
104221
104222
104223
104224
104225
104226
104227
104228
104229
104230
104231
104232
104233
104234
104235
104236
104237
......
106139
106140
106141
106142
106143
106144
106145




























































106146
106147
106148
106149
106150
106151
106152
......
106219
106220
106221
106222
106223
106224
106225







106226
106227
106228
106229
106230
106231
106232
106233
106234
106235
106236
106237
106238
106239
106240
106241
106242
106243
106244
......
108116
108117
108118
108119
108120
108121
108122

108123

108124
108125
108126
108127
108128
108129
108130
......
108407
108408
108409
108410
108411
108412
108413

108414

108415
108416
108417
108418
108419
108420
108421
......
108893
108894
108895
108896
108897
108898
108899
108900
108901
108902
108903
108904
108905
108906
108907
108908
108909
108910
108911
108912
108913
108914
108915
108916
108917
108918
108919
108920
......
109709
109710
109711
109712
109713
109714
109715



109716
109717
109718
109719
109720
109721
109722
......
111772
111773
111774
111775
111776
111777
111778
111779
111780
111781
111782
111783
111784
111785
111786
......
112130
112131
112132
112133
112134
112135
112136



112137
112138
112139
112140
112141
112142
112143
112144
112145
112146
112147
112148
112149



112150
112151
112152
112153
112154
112155
112156
......
112375
112376
112377
112378
112379
112380
112381



112382


112383
112384
112385
112386
112387
112388
112389
......
112747
112748
112749
112750
112751
112752
112753



112754
112755
112756
112757
112758
112759
112760
......
113103
113104
113105
113106
113107
113108
113109



113110
113111
113112
113113
113114
113115
113116
......
113118
113119
113120
113121
113122
113123
113124



113125
113126
113127
113128
113129
113130
113131
113132
113133
......
113254
113255
113256
113257
113258
113259
113260



113261
113262
113263
113264
113265
113266
113267
......
113284
113285
113286
113287
113288
113289
113290
113291
113292
113293
113294
113295
113296
113297
113298
113299
113300
113301
113302
113303

113304
113305
113306
113307
113308
113309
113310
113311
113312
113313
113314
113315
113316
......
113628
113629
113630
113631
113632
113633
113634

113635
113636
113637
113638
113639
113640
113641
......
113835
113836
113837
113838
113839
113840
113841

113842
113843
113844
113845
113846
113847
113848
113849
113850
113851
113852
......
114368
114369
114370
114371
114372
114373
114374









114375
114376
114377
114378
114379
114380
114381
......
114666
114667
114668
114669
114670
114671
114672
114673
114674
114675
114676
114677
114678
114679
114680
114681
......
114769
114770
114771
114772
114773
114774
114775
114776
114777
114778
114779
114780
114781
114782
114783
114784
114785
......
114828
114829
114830
114831
114832
114833
114834
114835
114836
114837
114838
114839
114840
114841
114842
114843
114844
......
114905
114906
114907
114908
114909
114910
114911
114912
114913
114914
114915
114916
114917
114918
114919
114920
114921
......
114940
114941
114942
114943
114944
114945
114946
114947
114948
114949
114950
114951
114952
114953
114954
114955
114956
......
114963
114964
114965
114966
114967
114968
114969
114970
114971
114972
114973
114974
114975
114976
114977
......
114982
114983
114984
114985
114986
114987
114988
114989
114990
114991
114992
114993
114994
114995
114996
114997
114998
......
115204
115205
115206
115207
115208
115209
115210


115211
115212
115213
115214
115215
115216
115217
......
115219
115220
115221
115222
115223
115224
115225






115226
115227
115228
115229
115230
115231
115232
115233
115234
115235
115236
115237
115238


115239
115240
115241
115242
115243
115244
115245
......
115251
115252
115253
115254
115255
115256
115257
115258
115259
115260
115261
115262
115263
115264
115265
115266
115267
115268
115269
115270
115271
115272
115273
115274
115275
115276
115277
115278
......
115316
115317
115318
115319
115320
115321
115322

115323





115324
115325
115326
115327

115328
115329
115330
115331

115332
115333
115334



115335
115336
115337
115338
115339
115340
115341
......
115487
115488
115489
115490
115491
115492
115493
115494
115495
115496
115497
115498
115499
115500
115501
115502
115503

115504
115505
115506
115507
115508
115509
115510
115511
115512
......
115580
115581
115582
115583
115584
115585
115586

115587
115588
115589
115590
115591
115592
115593
......
115730
115731
115732
115733
115734
115735
115736
115737
115738
115739
115740
115741
115742
115743
115744
......
115746
115747
115748
115749
115750
115751
115752
115753
115754
115755
115756
115757
115758
115759
115760
......
115770
115771
115772
115773
115774
115775
115776
115777
115778
115779
115780
115781
115782
115783
115784
115785
115786
115787
......
115789
115790
115791
115792
115793
115794
115795
115796
115797
115798
115799
115800
115801


115802
115803
115804


115805
115806
115807
115808
115809
115810
115811
115812
115813
115814
115815
115816
115817
115818
115819
115820
115821
115822
115823
115824
115825
......
115835
115836
115837
115838
115839
115840
115841
115842
115843
115844
115845
115846
115847
115848
115849
......
115850
115851
115852
115853
115854
115855
115856
115857
115858
115859
115860
115861
115862
115863
115864
115865
115866
115867
115868





115869
115870
115871
115872
115873
115874
115875
......
115886
115887
115888
115889
115890
115891
115892
115893

115894
115895
115896
115897

115898

115899
115900
115901
115902
115903
115904
115905
......
116251
116252
116253
116254
116255
116256
116257
116258
116259
116260
116261
116262
116263
116264
116265
......
116365
116366
116367
116368
116369
116370
116371
116372
116373
116374
116375
116376
116377
116378
116379
......
116396
116397
116398
116399
116400
116401
116402
116403

116404
116405



116406
116407
116408
116409
116410
116411
116412
116413
116414
116415

116416
116417
116418
116419
116420
116421
116422
......
116425
116426
116427
116428
116429
116430
116431
116432
116433
116434
116435
116436
116437
116438
116439
......
116454
116455
116456
116457
116458
116459
116460


116461
116462
116463
116464
116465
116466
116467
......
116495
116496
116497
116498
116499
116500
116501
116502
116503

116504
116505
116506
116507
































116508
116509
116510
116511
116512
116513
116514
......
116802
116803
116804
116805
116806
116807
116808
116809
116810
116811
116812
116813
116814
116815
116816
......
116819
116820
116821
116822
116823
116824
116825
116826
116827
116828
116829
116830
116831
116832
116833
......
117132
117133
117134
117135
117136
117137
117138
117139
117140
117141
117142

117143
117144
117145
117146
117147
117148
117149
......
117168
117169
117170
117171
117172
117173
117174
117175
117176
117177


117178
117179
117180
117181
117182
117183
117184
......
117300
117301
117302
117303
117304
117305
117306




117307
117308
117309
117310
117311
117312
117313
......
117440
117441
117442
117443
117444
117445
117446
117447
117448
117449
117450
117451
117452
117453
117454
......
117476
117477
117478
117479
117480
117481
117482
117483
117484
117485
117486
117487
117488
117489
117490
......
117551
117552
117553
117554
117555
117556
117557
117558
117559
117560
117561

117562
117563
117564
117565
117566
117567
117568
117569


117570
117571
117572
117573
117574
117575

117576


117577
117578
117579
117580
117581

117582
117583
117584
117585
117586
117587
117588
......
117596
117597
117598
117599
117600
117601
117602
117603
117604
117605
117606
117607
117608
117609
117610
117611
117612
117613
117614
117615
117616
117617
117618
117619
117620
117621
117622
117623
117624


117625
117626
117627
117628
117629


117630
117631
117632
117633
117634
117635
117636
......
117667
117668
117669
117670
117671
117672
117673
117674
117675

117676
117677
117678
117679
117680
117681
117682
......
117827
117828
117829
117830
117831
117832
117833





117834
117835
117836
117837


















117838
117839
117840
117841
117842
117843
117844
117845
117846
117847
117848

117849
117850
117851
117852
117853
117854
117855
117856
117857
117858
117859
117860


117861
117862


117863
117864








117865
117866
117867
117868
117869
117870
117871
117872
117873
117874
117875
117876
117877
117878
117879
117880
117881
......
117908
117909
117910
117911
117912
117913
117914
117915
117916
117917
117918
117919
117920
117921
117922
......
117937
117938
117939
117940
117941
117942
117943
117944
117945
117946
117947
117948
117949
117950
117951
117952
117953
117954
117955
117956
117957
117958
117959
117960
117961
117962
117963
117964
117965
117966
117967
117968
117969
117970
117971
117972
117973
117974
117975
117976
117977
117978
117979
117980
117981
117982
117983
117984
117985
117986
117987
117988
117989
117990
117991
117992
117993
117994
117995
117996
......
118077
118078
118079
118080
118081
118082
118083
118084
118085
118086
118087
118088
118089
118090
118091
......
118145
118146
118147
118148
118149
118150
118151
118152
118153
118154
118155



































118156
118157
118158
118159
118160
118161
118162
......
118327
118328
118329
118330
118331
118332
118333
118334
118335
118336
118337
118338
118339
118340
118341
......
118368
118369
118370
118371
118372
118373
118374
118375
118376
118377
118378
118379
118380
118381
118382
......
118918
118919
118920
118921
118922
118923
118924
118925
118926
118927
118928
118929
118930
118931
118932
......
119372
119373
119374
119375
119376
119377
119378
119379
119380
119381
119382
119383
119384
119385
119386
......
119491
119492
119493
119494
119495
119496
119497
119498
119499
119500
119501
119502
119503
119504
119505
119506
119507
119508
119509
119510
119511
119512
119513
119514
119515
119516
119517
......
120012
120013
120014
120015
120016
120017
120018


120019

120020
120021
120022
120023
120024
120025
120026

120027

120028
120029
120030



120031
120032
120033
120034
120035
120036
120037
......
122604
122605
122606
122607
122608
122609
122610

122611
122612
122613
122614

122615



122616
122617

122618
122619
122620
122621
122622
122623
122624
......
124454
124455
124456
124457
124458
124459
124460



124461
124462
124463
124464
124465
124466
124467
......
124720
124721
124722
124723
124724
124725
124726







124727
124728
124729
124730
124731
124732
124733
......
125022
125023
125024
125025
125026
125027
125028
125029
125030
125031
125032
125033
125034
125035
125036
......
125231
125232
125233
125234
125235
125236
125237







125238
125239
125240
125241
125242
125243
125244
......
125289
125290
125291
125292
125293
125294
125295
125296
125297
125298
125299
125300
125301
125302
125303
125304


125305
125306
125307
125308
125309
125310
125311


125312
125313
125314
125315
125316
125317


125318
125319
125320
125321
125322


125323
125324
125325
125326
125327
125328
125329
125330
125331

125332



125333
125334
125335
125336
125337



125338
125339
125340
125341
125342
125343


125344
125345
125346
125347
125348



125349
125350
125351
125352
125353
125354
125355


125356
125357
125358
125359











125360
125361
125362
125363
125364
125365
125366
125367
125368
125369
125370
125371
125372



125373
125374
125375
125376
125377




125378
125379
125380
125381
125382
125383
125384



125385
125386
125387



125388
125389
125390
125391
125392
125393
125394
125395
125396
125397
125398
125399
125400
125401




125402
125403
125404
125405
125406
125407
125408
125409
125410
125411
125412
125413
125414
125415
125416
125417
......
125442
125443
125444
125445
125446
125447
125448




125449
125450
125451
125452
125453




125454
125455
125456
125457
125458
125459
125460
......
125461
125462
125463
125464
125465
125466
125467




125468
125469





125470


125471
125472
125473
125474
125475

125476
125477
125478
125479
125480
125481



125482
125483
125484
125485





125486
125487
125488
125489
125490
125491
125492
......
125558
125559
125560
125561
125562
125563
125564






125565
125566
125567
125568
125569
125570
125571
125572
125573




125574
125575
125576
125577
125578
125579
125580
......
125656
125657
125658
125659
125660
125661
125662



125663
125664
125665
125666
125667
125668
125669




125670
125671
125672
125673
125674
125675
125676
......
125697
125698
125699
125700
125701
125702
125703






125704
125705
125706
125707
125708
125709
125710






125711
125712
125713
125714
125715
125716
125717






125718
125719
125720
125721
125722
125723
125724
......
125890
125891
125892
125893
125894
125895
125896
125897
125898
125899
125900
125901
125902
125903
125904
125905
125906
125907
125908
125909
125910
125911
125912
125913
......
126206
126207
126208
126209
126210
126211
126212
126213
126214
126215
126216
126217
126218
126219
126220
......
126269
126270
126271
126272
126273
126274
126275



126276
126277
126278
126279
126280
126281
126282
......
126290
126291
126292
126293
126294
126295
126296






126297
126298
126299
126300
126301
126302
126303
......
126310
126311
126312
126313
126314
126315
126316



126317
126318
126319
126320
126321
126322
126323
126324
126325
126326
126327
126328
126329






126330
126331
126332
126333
126334
126335
126336
......
126460
126461
126462
126463
126464
126465
126466






126467
126468
126469
126470
126471
126472
126473
......
126496
126497
126498
126499
126500
126501
126502




126503
126504
126505
126506
126507
126508
126509
......
126527
126528
126529
126530
126531
126532
126533






126534
126535
126536
126537
126538
126539
126540
......
126548
126549
126550
126551
126552
126553
126554







126555
126556
126557
126558
126559
126560
126561
......
126569
126570
126571
126572
126573
126574
126575







126576
126577
126578
126579
126580
126581
126582
......
126589
126590
126591
126592
126593
126594
126595







126596
126597
126598
126599
126600
126601
126602
......
126607
126608
126609
126610
126611
126612
126613







126614
126615
126616
126617
126618
126619
126620
......
126625
126626
126627
126628
126629
126630
126631







126632
126633
126634
126635
126636
126637
126638
......
126671
126672
126673
126674
126675
126676
126677



126678
126679
126680
126681
126682
126683
126684
......
126691
126692
126693
126694
126695
126696
126697






126698
126699
126700
126701
126702
126703
126704
......
126717
126718
126719
126720
126721
126722
126723




126724
126725
126726
126727
126728
126729
126730
126731

126732


126733
126734
126735
126736
126737
126738
126739
......
126753
126754
126755
126756
126757
126758
126759


126760
126761
126762
126763
126764
126765
126766
126767
......
126940
126941
126942
126943
126944
126945
126946
126947
126948
126949
126950
126951
126952
126953
126954
126955
126956
126957
126958
126959
126960
126961
126962
126963
126964
126965
126966
126967
126968
126969
126970
126971
126972
126973
126974
126975
126976
126977
126978
126979
......
127009
127010
127011
127012
127013
127014
127015
127016
127017
127018
127019
127020
127021
127022
127023
......
127114
127115
127116
127117
127118
127119
127120






127121
127122
127123
127124
127125
127126
127127
......
127190
127191
127192
127193
127194
127195
127196

127197
127198
127199
127200
127201
127202
127203
127204
......
127399
127400
127401
127402
127403
127404
127405



127406
127407
127408
127409
127410
127411
127412
......
127504
127505
127506
127507
127508
127509
127510



127511
127512
127513
127514
127515
127516
127517
127518
127519



127520
127521
127522
127523

127524
127525
127526
127527



127528
127529
127530
127531
127532
127533
127534
127535
127536
127537
127538
127539
127540
......
127549
127550
127551
127552
127553
127554
127555

127556
127557
127558
127559
127560
127561
127562
......
127690
127691
127692
127693
127694
127695
127696
127697
127698

127699
127700
127701
127702
127703

127704
127705
127706
127707
127708
127709
127710
127711
127712
127713
127714
127715
127716
127717
127718
127719
......
127726
127727
127728
127729
127730
127731
127732
127733
127734
127735
127736
127737
127738
127739
127740
127741
127742
127743
127744
127745
127746
......
127747
127748
127749
127750
127751
127752
127753




127754
127755
127756
127757
127758
127759
127760
......
127768
127769
127770
127771
127772
127773
127774




127775
127776
127777
127778
127779
127780
127781
......
127790
127791
127792
127793
127794
127795
127796



127797
127798
127799
127800
127801
127802
127803
......
127808
127809
127810
127811
127812
127813
127814



127815
127816
127817
127818
127819
127820
127821
......
127834
127835
127836
127837
127838
127839
127840






127841
127842
127843
127844
127845
127846
127847
......
127887
127888
127889
127890
127891
127892
127893
127894
127895
127896
127897
127898
127899
127900
127901
......
127903
127904
127905
127906
127907
127908
127909
127910
127911
127912
127913
127914
127915
127916
127917
......
127927
127928
127929
127930
127931
127932
127933
127934
127935
127936
127937
127938
127939
127940
127941
127942
127943
127944
127945
127946




127947
127948

127949
127950
127951
127952
127953
127954
127955
......
127994
127995
127996
127997
127998
127999
128000
128001
128002
128003
128004
128005
128006
128007
128008
......
128016
128017
128018
128019
128020
128021
128022



128023
128024
128025
128026
128027
128028
128029
128030
128031
128032
128033
128034
128035



128036
128037
128038
128039
128040
128041
128042
......
128371
128372
128373
128374
128375
128376
128377
128378
128379
128380
128381
128382
128383
128384
128385
......
128427
128428
128429
128430
128431
128432
128433







128434
128435
128436
128437
128438
128439
128440
128441
128442







128443
128444
128445
128446
128447
128448
128449
128450
......
131505
131506
131507
131508
131509
131510
131511
131512
131513
131514
131515
131516
131517
131518
131519
131520
131521
131522
131523
131524
131525
131526
131527
131528
131529
131530
......
132738
132739
132740
132741
132742
132743
132744
132745
132746
132747
132748
132749
132750
132751
132752
......
137857
137858
137859
137860
137861
137862
137863
137864
137865
137866
137867
137868
137869
137870
137871
......
139226
139227
139228
139229
139230
139231
139232
139233
139234
139235
139236
139237
139238
139239
139240
......
142601
142602
142603
142604
142605
142606
142607
142608
142609
142610
142611
142612
142613
142614
142615
142616
......
147834
147835
147836
147837
147838
147839
147840
147841
147842
147843
147844
147845
147846
147847
147848
147849
147850
147851
147852
147853
147854
......
147869
147870
147871
147872
147873
147874
147875
147876
147877
147878
147879
147880
147881
147882
147883
......
148200
148201
148202
148203
148204
148205
148206
148207
148208

148209
148210
148211
148212

148213
148214
148215
148216
148217
148218
148219
148220
148221
......
148647
148648
148649
148650
148651
148652
148653
148654
148655
148656
148657
148658
148659
148660
148661
......
150270
150271
150272
150273
150274
150275
150276


150277
150278
150279
150280
150281
150282
150283
/******************************************************************************
** This file is an amalgamation of many separate C source files from SQLite
** version 3.8.7.4.  By combining all the individual C code files into this 
** single large file, the entire code can be compiled as a single translation
** unit.  This allows many compilers to do optimizations that would not be
** possible if the files were compiled separately.  Performance improvements
** of 5% or more are commonly seen when SQLite is compiled as a single
** translation unit.
**
** This file is all you need to compile SQLite.  To use SQLite in other
................................................................................
*************************************************************************
** Internal interface definitions for SQLite.
**
*/
#ifndef _SQLITEINT_H_
#define _SQLITEINT_H_
















































/*
** These #defines should enable >2GB file support on POSIX if the
** underlying operating system supports it.  If the OS lacks
** large file support, or if the OS is windows, these should be no-ops.
**
** Ticket #2739:  The _LARGEFILE_SOURCE macro must appear before any
** system #includes.  Hence, this block of code must be the very first
................................................................................
# define SQLITE_API
#endif


/*
** These no-op macros are used in front of interfaces to mark those
** interfaces as either deprecated or experimental.  New applications
** should not use deprecated interfaces - they are support for backwards
** compatibility only.  Application writers should be aware that
** experimental interfaces are subject to change in point releases.
**
** These macros used to resolve to various kinds of compiler magic that
** would generate warning messages when they were used.  But that
** compiler magic ended up generating such a flurry of bug reports
** that we have taken it all out and gone back to using simple
................................................................................
** string contains the date and time of the check-in (UTC) and an SHA1
** hash of the entire source tree.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.8.7.4"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3008007
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2014-12-09 01:34:36 f66f7a17b78ba617acde90fc810107f34f1a1f2e"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
** the desired setting of the [SQLITE_THREADSAFE] macro.
**
** This interface only reports on the compile-time mutex setting
** of the [SQLITE_THREADSAFE] flag.  If SQLite is compiled with
** SQLITE_THREADSAFE=1 or =2 then mutexes are enabled by default but
** can be fully or partially disabled using a call to [sqlite3_config()]
** with the verbs [SQLITE_CONFIG_SINGLETHREAD], [SQLITE_CONFIG_MULTITHREAD],
** or [SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX].  ^(The return value of the
** sqlite3_threadsafe() function shows only the compile-time setting of
** thread safety, not any run-time changes to that setting made by
** sqlite3_config(). In other words, the return value from sqlite3_threadsafe()
** is unchanged by calls to sqlite3_config().)^
**
** See the [threading mode] documentation for additional information.
*/
................................................................................
** <li>  SQLITE_SHM_LOCK | SQLITE_SHM_SHARED
** <li>  SQLITE_SHM_LOCK | SQLITE_SHM_EXCLUSIVE
** <li>  SQLITE_SHM_UNLOCK | SQLITE_SHM_SHARED
** <li>  SQLITE_SHM_UNLOCK | SQLITE_SHM_EXCLUSIVE
** </ul>
**
** When unlocking, the same SHARED or EXCLUSIVE flag must be supplied as
** was given no the corresponding lock.  
**
** The xShmLock method can transition between unlocked and SHARED or
** between unlocked and EXCLUSIVE.  It cannot transition between SHARED
** and EXCLUSIVE.
*/
#define SQLITE_SHM_UNLOCK       1
#define SQLITE_SHM_LOCK         2
................................................................................
** ^If SQLite is compiled with
** the [SQLITE_THREADSAFE | SQLITE_THREADSAFE=0] compile-time option then
** it is not possible to set the Serialized [threading mode] and
** [sqlite3_config()] will return [SQLITE_ERROR] if called with the
** SQLITE_CONFIG_SERIALIZED configuration option.</dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC</dt>
** <dd> ^(This option takes a single argument which is a pointer to an
** instance of the [sqlite3_mem_methods] structure.  The argument specifies

** alternative low-level memory allocation routines to be used in place of
** the memory allocation routines built into SQLite.)^ ^SQLite makes
** its own private copy of the content of the [sqlite3_mem_methods] structure
** before the [sqlite3_config()] call returns.</dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMALLOC]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMALLOC</dt>
** <dd> ^(This option takes a single argument which is a pointer to an
** instance of the [sqlite3_mem_methods] structure.  The [sqlite3_mem_methods]

** structure is filled with the currently defined memory allocation routines.)^
** This option can be used to overload the default memory allocation
** routines with a wrapper that simulations memory allocation failure or
** tracks memory usage, for example. </dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_MEMSTATUS]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_MEMSTATUS</dt>
** <dd> ^This option takes single argument of type int, interpreted as a 
** boolean, which enables or disables the collection of memory allocation 
** statistics. ^(When memory allocation statistics are disabled, the 
** following SQLite interfaces become non-operational:
**   <ul>
**   <li> [sqlite3_memory_used()]
**   <li> [sqlite3_memory_highwater()]
**   <li> [sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64()]
**   <li> [sqlite3_status()]
**   </ul>)^
** ^Memory allocation statistics are enabled by default unless SQLite is
** compiled with [SQLITE_DEFAULT_MEMSTATUS]=0 in which case memory
** allocation statistics are disabled by default.
** </dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH</dt>
** <dd> ^This option specifies a static memory buffer that SQLite can use for

** scratch memory.  There are three arguments:  A pointer an 8-byte
** aligned memory buffer from which the scratch allocations will be
** drawn, the size of each scratch allocation (sz),
** and the maximum number of scratch allocations (N).  The sz
** argument must be a multiple of 16.
** The first argument must be a pointer to an 8-byte aligned buffer
** of at least sz*N bytes of memory.
** ^SQLite will use no more than two scratch buffers per thread.  So
** N should be set to twice the expected maximum number of threads.
** ^SQLite will never require a scratch buffer that is more than 6

** times the database page size. ^If SQLite needs needs additional
** scratch memory beyond what is provided by this configuration option, then 
** [sqlite3_malloc()] will be used to obtain the memory needed.</dd>






**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE</dt>
** <dd> ^This option specifies a static memory buffer that SQLite can use for
** the database page cache with the default page cache implementation.  

** This configuration should not be used if an application-define page
** cache implementation is loaded using the SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE2 option.

** There are three arguments to this option: A pointer to 8-byte aligned

** memory, the size of each page buffer (sz), and the number of pages (N).
** The sz argument should be the size of the largest database page
** (a power of two between 512 and 32768) plus a little extra for each
** page header.  ^The page header size is 20 to 40 bytes depending on



** the host architecture.  ^It is harmless, apart from the wasted memory,
** to make sz a little too large.  The first


** argument should point to an allocation of at least sz*N bytes of memory.

** ^SQLite will use the memory provided by the first argument to satisfy its
** memory needs for the first N pages that it adds to cache.  ^If additional
** page cache memory is needed beyond what is provided by this option, then
** SQLite goes to [sqlite3_malloc()] for the additional storage space.
** The pointer in the first argument must
** be aligned to an 8-byte boundary or subsequent behavior of SQLite
** will be undefined.</dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_HEAP]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_HEAP</dt>
** <dd> ^This option specifies a static memory buffer that SQLite will use
** for all of its dynamic memory allocation needs beyond those provided

** for by [SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH] and [SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE].




** There are three arguments: An 8-byte aligned pointer to the memory,
** the number of bytes in the memory buffer, and the minimum allocation size.
** ^If the first pointer (the memory pointer) is NULL, then SQLite reverts
** to using its default memory allocator (the system malloc() implementation),
** undoing any prior invocation of [SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC].  ^If the
** memory pointer is not NULL and either [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS3] or
** [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS5] are defined, then the alternative memory
** allocator is engaged to handle all of SQLites memory allocation needs.
** The first pointer (the memory pointer) must be aligned to an 8-byte
** boundary or subsequent behavior of SQLite will be undefined.
** The minimum allocation size is capped at 2**12. Reasonable values
** for the minimum allocation size are 2**5 through 2**8.</dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX</dt>
** <dd> ^(This option takes a single argument which is a pointer to an
** instance of the [sqlite3_mutex_methods] structure.  The argument specifies
** alternative low-level mutex routines to be used in place
** the mutex routines built into SQLite.)^  ^SQLite makes a copy of the
** content of the [sqlite3_mutex_methods] structure before the call to
** [sqlite3_config()] returns. ^If SQLite is compiled with
** the [SQLITE_THREADSAFE | SQLITE_THREADSAFE=0] compile-time option then
** the entire mutexing subsystem is omitted from the build and hence calls to
** [sqlite3_config()] with the SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX configuration option will
** return [SQLITE_ERROR].</dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMUTEX]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMUTEX</dt>
** <dd> ^(This option takes a single argument which is a pointer to an
** instance of the [sqlite3_mutex_methods] structure.  The
** [sqlite3_mutex_methods]
** structure is filled with the currently defined mutex routines.)^
** This option can be used to overload the default mutex allocation
** routines with a wrapper used to track mutex usage for performance
** profiling or testing, for example.   ^If SQLite is compiled with
** the [SQLITE_THREADSAFE | SQLITE_THREADSAFE=0] compile-time option then
** the entire mutexing subsystem is omitted from the build and hence calls to
** [sqlite3_config()] with the SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMUTEX configuration option will
** return [SQLITE_ERROR].</dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_LOOKASIDE]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_LOOKASIDE</dt>
** <dd> ^(This option takes two arguments that determine the default
** memory allocation for the lookaside memory allocator on each
** [database connection].  The first argument is the
** size of each lookaside buffer slot and the second is the number of
** slots allocated to each database connection.)^  ^(This option sets the
** <i>default</i> lookaside size. The [SQLITE_DBCONFIG_LOOKASIDE]
** verb to [sqlite3_db_config()] can be used to change the lookaside
** configuration on individual connections.)^ </dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE2]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE2</dt>
** <dd> ^(This option takes a single argument which is a pointer to
** an [sqlite3_pcache_methods2] object.  This object specifies the interface
** to a custom page cache implementation.)^  ^SQLite makes a copy of the
** object and uses it for page cache memory allocations.</dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_GETPCACHE2]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_GETPCACHE2</dt>
** <dd> ^(This option takes a single argument which is a pointer to an
** [sqlite3_pcache_methods2] object.  SQLite copies of the current
** page cache implementation into that object.)^ </dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_LOG]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_LOG</dt>
** <dd> The SQLITE_CONFIG_LOG option is used to configure the SQLite
** global [error log].
** (^The SQLITE_CONFIG_LOG option takes two arguments: a pointer to a
** function with a call signature of void(*)(void*,int,const char*), 
** and a pointer to void. ^If the function pointer is not NULL, it is
................................................................................
** log message after formatting via [sqlite3_snprintf()].
** The SQLite logging interface is not reentrant; the logger function
** supplied by the application must not invoke any SQLite interface.
** In a multi-threaded application, the application-defined logger
** function must be threadsafe. </dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_URI]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_URI
** <dd>^(This option takes a single argument of type int. If non-zero, then
** URI handling is globally enabled. If the parameter is zero, then URI handling
** is globally disabled.)^ ^If URI handling is globally enabled, all filenames
** passed to [sqlite3_open()], [sqlite3_open_v2()], [sqlite3_open16()] or

** specified as part of [ATTACH] commands are interpreted as URIs, regardless
** of whether or not the [SQLITE_OPEN_URI] flag is set when the database
** connection is opened. ^If it is globally disabled, filenames are
** only interpreted as URIs if the SQLITE_OPEN_URI flag is set when the
** database connection is opened. ^(By default, URI handling is globally
** disabled. The default value may be changed by compiling with the
** [SQLITE_USE_URI] symbol defined.)^
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN
** <dd>^This option takes a single integer argument which is interpreted as
** a boolean in order to enable or disable the use of covering indices for

** full table scans in the query optimizer.  ^The default setting is determined
** by the [SQLITE_ALLOW_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN] compile-time option, or is "on"
** if that compile-time option is omitted.
** The ability to disable the use of covering indices for full table scans
** is because some incorrectly coded legacy applications might malfunction
** when the optimization is enabled.  Providing the ability to
** disable the optimization allows the older, buggy application code to work
** without change even with newer versions of SQLite.
................................................................................
** <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_MMAP_SIZE
** <dd>^SQLITE_CONFIG_MMAP_SIZE takes two 64-bit integer (sqlite3_int64) values
** that are the default mmap size limit (the default setting for
** [PRAGMA mmap_size]) and the maximum allowed mmap size limit.
** ^The default setting can be overridden by each database connection using
** either the [PRAGMA mmap_size] command, or by using the
** [SQLITE_FCNTL_MMAP_SIZE] file control.  ^(The maximum allowed mmap size
** cannot be changed at run-time.  Nor may the maximum allowed mmap size
** exceed the compile-time maximum mmap size set by the
** [SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE] compile-time option.)^
** ^If either argument to this option is negative, then that argument is
** changed to its compile-time default.
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_WIN32_HEAPSIZE]]
** <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_WIN32_HEAPSIZE
** <dd>^This option is only available if SQLite is compiled for Windows
** with the [SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC] pre-processor macro defined.
** SQLITE_CONFIG_WIN32_HEAPSIZE takes a 32-bit unsigned integer value
** that specifies the maximum size of the created heap.
** </dl>




















*/
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_SINGLETHREAD  1  /* nil */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_MULTITHREAD   2  /* nil */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_SERIALIZED    3  /* nil */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC        4  /* sqlite3_mem_methods* */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMALLOC     5  /* sqlite3_mem_methods* */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH       6  /* void*, int sz, int N */
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_URI          17  /* int */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE2      18  /* sqlite3_pcache_methods2* */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_GETPCACHE2   19  /* sqlite3_pcache_methods2* */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN 20  /* int */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_SQLLOG       21  /* xSqllog, void* */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_MMAP_SIZE    22  /* sqlite3_int64, sqlite3_int64 */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_WIN32_HEAPSIZE      23  /* int nByte */



/*
** CAPI3REF: Database Connection Configuration Options
**
** These constants are the available integer configuration options that
** can be passed as the second argument to the [sqlite3_db_config()] interface.
**
................................................................................
** last insert [rowid].
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 sqlite3_last_insert_rowid(sqlite3*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Count The Number Of Rows Modified
**
** ^This function returns the number of database rows that were changed
** or inserted or deleted by the most recently completed SQL statement
** on the [database connection] specified by the first parameter.
** ^(Only changes that are directly specified by the [INSERT], [UPDATE],
** or [DELETE] statement are counted.  Auxiliary changes caused by
** triggers or [foreign key actions] are not counted.)^ Use the
** [sqlite3_total_changes()] function to find the total number of changes
** including changes caused by triggers and foreign key actions.

**
** ^Changes to a view that are simulated by an [INSTEAD OF trigger]



** are not counted.  Only real table changes are counted.
**
** ^(A "row change" is a change to a single row of a single table
** caused by an INSERT, DELETE, or UPDATE statement.  Rows that
** are changed as side effects of [REPLACE] constraint resolution,
** rollback, ABORT processing, [DROP TABLE], or by any other
** mechanisms do not count as direct row changes.)^



**
** A "trigger context" is a scope of execution that begins and
** ends with the script of a [CREATE TRIGGER | trigger]. 
** Most SQL statements are
** evaluated outside of any trigger.  This is the "top level"
** trigger context.  If a trigger fires from the top level, a
** new trigger context is entered for the duration of that one
** trigger.  Subtriggers create subcontexts for their duration.
**
** ^Calling [sqlite3_exec()] or [sqlite3_step()] recursively does
** not create a new trigger context.
**
** ^This function returns the number of direct row changes in the
** most recent INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE statement within the same
** trigger context.
**
** ^Thus, when called from the top level, this function returns the
** number of changes in the most recent INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE
** that also occurred at the top level.  ^(Within the body of a trigger,
** the sqlite3_changes() interface can be called to find the number of
** changes in the most recently completed INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE
** statement within the body of the same trigger.
** However, the number returned does not include changes
** caused by subtriggers since those have their own context.)^
**
** See also the [sqlite3_total_changes()] interface, the
** [count_changes pragma], and the [changes() SQL function].
**
** If a separate thread makes changes on the same database connection
** while [sqlite3_changes()] is running then the value returned
** is unpredictable and not meaningful.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_changes(sqlite3*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Total Number Of Rows Modified
**
** ^This function returns the number of row changes caused by [INSERT],
** [UPDATE] or [DELETE] statements since the [database connection] was opened.


** ^(The count returned by sqlite3_total_changes() includes all changes
** from all [CREATE TRIGGER | trigger] contexts and changes made by
** [foreign key actions]. However,
** the count does not include changes used to implement [REPLACE] constraints,
** do rollbacks or ABORT processing, or [DROP TABLE] processing.  The
** count does not include rows of views that fire an [INSTEAD OF trigger],
** though if the INSTEAD OF trigger makes changes of its own, those changes 
** are counted.)^
** ^The sqlite3_total_changes() function counts the changes as soon as
** the statement that makes them is completed (when the statement handle
** is passed to [sqlite3_reset()] or [sqlite3_finalize()]).
**
** See also the [sqlite3_changes()] interface, the
** [count_changes pragma], and the [total_changes() SQL function].
**
** If a separate thread makes changes on the same database connection
** while [sqlite3_total_changes()] is running then the value
** returned is unpredictable and not meaningful.
*/
................................................................................
** UTF-16 string in native byte order.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_complete(const char *sql);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_complete16(const void *sql);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Register A Callback To Handle SQLITE_BUSY Errors

**
** ^The sqlite3_busy_handler(D,X,P) routine sets a callback function X
** that might be invoked with argument P whenever
** an attempt is made to access a database table associated with
** [database connection] D when another thread
** or process has the table locked.
** The sqlite3_busy_handler() interface is used to implement
................................................................................
** ^If the busy callback is NULL, then [SQLITE_BUSY]
** is returned immediately upon encountering the lock.  ^If the busy callback
** is not NULL, then the callback might be invoked with two arguments.
**
** ^The first argument to the busy handler is a copy of the void* pointer which
** is the third argument to sqlite3_busy_handler().  ^The second argument to
** the busy handler callback is the number of times that the busy handler has
** been invoked for the same locking event.  ^If the
** busy callback returns 0, then no additional attempts are made to
** access the database and [SQLITE_BUSY] is returned
** to the application.
** ^If the callback returns non-zero, then another attempt
** is made to access the database and the cycle repeats.
**
** The presence of a busy handler does not guarantee that it will be invoked
................................................................................
** SQLite contains a high-quality pseudo-random number generator (PRNG) used to
** select random [ROWID | ROWIDs] when inserting new records into a table that
** already uses the largest possible [ROWID].  The PRNG is also used for
** the build-in random() and randomblob() SQL functions.  This interface allows
** applications to access the same PRNG for other purposes.
**
** ^A call to this routine stores N bytes of randomness into buffer P.
** ^If N is less than one, then P can be a NULL pointer.
**
** ^If this routine has not been previously called or if the previous
** call had N less than one, then the PRNG is seeded using randomness

** obtained from the xRandomness method of the default [sqlite3_vfs] object.
** ^If the previous call to this routine had an N of 1 or more then
** the pseudo-randomness is generated
** internally and without recourse to the [sqlite3_vfs] xRandomness
** method.
*/
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_randomness(int N, void *P);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Compile-Time Authorization Callbacks
................................................................................

/*
** CAPI3REF: Text Encodings
**
** These constant define integer codes that represent the various
** text encodings supported by SQLite.
*/
#define SQLITE_UTF8           1
#define SQLITE_UTF16LE        2
#define SQLITE_UTF16BE        3
#define SQLITE_UTF16          4    /* Use native byte order */
#define SQLITE_ANY            5    /* Deprecated */
#define SQLITE_UTF16_ALIGNED  8    /* sqlite3_create_collation only */

/*
** CAPI3REF: Function Flags
**
................................................................................
** kind of [sqlite3_value] object can be used with this interface.
**
** If these routines are called from within the different thread
** than the one containing the application-defined function that received
** the [sqlite3_context] pointer, the results are undefined.
*/
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_blob(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int, void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_blob64(sqlite3_context*,const void*,sqlite3_uint64,void(*)(void*));

SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_double(sqlite3_context*, double);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_error(sqlite3_context*, const char*, int);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_error16(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_error_toobig(sqlite3_context*);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_error_nomem(sqlite3_context*);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_error_code(sqlite3_context*, int);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_int(sqlite3_context*, int);
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_API SQLITE_DEPRECATED void sqlite3_soft_heap_limit(int N);


/*
** CAPI3REF: Extract Metadata About A Column Of A Table
**
** ^This routine returns metadata about a specific column of a specific
** database table accessible using the [database connection] handle
** passed as the first function argument.








**
** ^The column is identified by the second, third and fourth parameters to
** this function. ^The second parameter is either the name of the database
** (i.e. "main", "temp", or an attached database) containing the specified
** table or NULL. ^If it is NULL, then all attached databases are searched
** for the table using the same algorithm used by the database engine to
** resolve unqualified table references.
**
** ^The third and fourth parameters to this function are the table and column
** name of the desired column, respectively. Neither of these parameters
** may be NULL.
**
** ^Metadata is returned by writing to the memory locations passed as the 5th
** and subsequent parameters to this function. ^Any of these arguments may be
** NULL, in which case the corresponding element of metadata is omitted.
**
** ^(<blockquote>
** <table border="1">
................................................................................
** <tr><td> 7th <td> int         <td> True if column has a NOT NULL constraint
** <tr><td> 8th <td> int         <td> True if column is part of the PRIMARY KEY
** <tr><td> 9th <td> int         <td> True if column is [AUTOINCREMENT]
** </table>
** </blockquote>)^
**
** ^The memory pointed to by the character pointers returned for the
** declaration type and collation sequence is valid only until the next
** call to any SQLite API function.
**
** ^If the specified table is actually a view, an [error code] is returned.
**
** ^If the specified column is "rowid", "oid" or "_rowid_" and an

** [INTEGER PRIMARY KEY] column has been explicitly declared, then the output
** parameters are set for the explicitly declared column. ^(If there is no
** explicitly declared [INTEGER PRIMARY KEY] column, then the output
** parameters are set as follows:
**
** <pre>
**     data type: "INTEGER"
**     collation sequence: "BINARY"
**     not null: 0
**     primary key: 1
**     auto increment: 0
** </pre>)^
**
** ^(This function may load one or more schemas from database files. If an
** error occurs during this process, or if the requested table or column
** cannot be found, an [error code] is returned and an error message left
** in the [database connection] (to be retrieved using sqlite3_errmsg()).)^
**
** ^This API is only available if the library was compiled with the
** [SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA] C-preprocessor symbol defined.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_table_column_metadata(
  sqlite3 *db,                /* Connection handle */
  const char *zDbName,        /* Database name or NULL */
  const char *zTableName,     /* Table name */
  const char *zColumnName,    /* Column name */
  char const **pzDataType,    /* OUTPUT: Declared data type */
................................................................................
** ^(This interfaces opens a [BLOB handle | handle] to the BLOB located
** in row iRow, column zColumn, table zTable in database zDb;
** in other words, the same BLOB that would be selected by:
**
** <pre>
**     SELECT zColumn FROM zDb.zTable WHERE [rowid] = iRow;
** </pre>)^
**
** ^If the flags parameter is non-zero, then the BLOB is opened for read
** and write access. ^If it is zero, the BLOB is opened for read access.
** ^It is not possible to open a column that is part of an index or primary 
** key for writing. ^If [foreign key constraints] are enabled, it is 
** not possible to open a column that is part of a [child key] for writing.
**
** ^Note that the database name is not the filename that contains
** the database but rather the symbolic name of the database that
** appears after the AS keyword when the database is connected using [ATTACH].
** ^For the main database file, the database name is "main".
** ^For TEMP tables, the database name is "temp".
**




** ^(On success, [SQLITE_OK] is returned and the new [BLOB handle] is written
** to *ppBlob. Otherwise an [error code] is returned and *ppBlob is set


** to be a null pointer.)^


















** ^This function sets the [database connection] error code and message
** accessible via [sqlite3_errcode()] and [sqlite3_errmsg()] and related
** functions. ^Note that the *ppBlob variable is always initialized in a
** way that makes it safe to invoke [sqlite3_blob_close()] on *ppBlob
** regardless of the success or failure of this routine.

**
** ^(If the row that a BLOB handle points to is modified by an
** [UPDATE], [DELETE], or by [ON CONFLICT] side-effects
** then the BLOB handle is marked as "expired".
** This is true if any column of the row is changed, even a column
** other than the one the BLOB handle is open on.)^
** ^Calls to [sqlite3_blob_read()] and [sqlite3_blob_write()] for
................................................................................
** commit if the transaction continues to completion.)^
**
** ^Use the [sqlite3_blob_bytes()] interface to determine the size of
** the opened blob.  ^The size of a blob may not be changed by this
** interface.  Use the [UPDATE] SQL command to change the size of a
** blob.
**
** ^The [sqlite3_blob_open()] interface will fail for a [WITHOUT ROWID]
** table.  Incremental BLOB I/O is not possible on [WITHOUT ROWID] tables.
**
** ^The [sqlite3_bind_zeroblob()] and [sqlite3_result_zeroblob()] interfaces
** and the built-in [zeroblob] SQL function can be used, if desired,
** to create an empty, zero-filled blob in which to read or write using
** this interface.

**
** To avoid a resource leak, every open [BLOB handle] should eventually
** be released by a call to [sqlite3_blob_close()].
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_blob_open(
  sqlite3*,
  const char *zDb,
................................................................................
** ^This function sets the database handle error code and message.
*/
SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL int sqlite3_blob_reopen(sqlite3_blob *, sqlite3_int64);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Close A BLOB Handle
**
** ^Closes an open [BLOB handle].
**
** ^Closing a BLOB shall cause the current transaction to commit
** if there are no other BLOBs, no pending prepared statements, and the
** database connection is in [autocommit mode].
** ^If any writes were made to the BLOB, they might be held in cache
** until the close operation if they will fit.
**
** ^(Closing the BLOB often forces the changes
** out to disk and so if any I/O errors occur, they will likely occur
** at the time when the BLOB is closed.  Any errors that occur during
** closing are reported as a non-zero return value.)^
**
** ^(The BLOB is closed unconditionally.  Even if this routine returns
** an error code, the BLOB is still closed.)^
**
** ^Calling this routine with a null pointer (such as would be returned
** by a failed call to [sqlite3_blob_open()]) is a harmless no-op.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_blob_close(sqlite3_blob *);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Return The Size Of An Open BLOB
**
** ^Returns the size in bytes of the BLOB accessible via the 
................................................................................
** See also: [sqlite3_blob_write()].
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_blob_read(sqlite3_blob *, void *Z, int N, int iOffset);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Write Data Into A BLOB Incrementally
**
** ^This function is used to write data into an open [BLOB handle] from a
** caller-supplied buffer. ^N bytes of data are copied from the buffer Z
** into the open BLOB, starting at offset iOffset.






**
** ^If the [BLOB handle] passed as the first argument was not opened for
** writing (the flags parameter to [sqlite3_blob_open()] was zero),
** this function returns [SQLITE_READONLY].
**
** ^This function may only modify the contents of the BLOB; it is
** not possible to increase the size of a BLOB using this API.
** ^If offset iOffset is less than N bytes from the end of the BLOB,
** [SQLITE_ERROR] is returned and no data is written.  ^If N is
** less than zero [SQLITE_ERROR] is returned and no data is written.
** The size of the BLOB (and hence the maximum value of N+iOffset)
** can be determined using the [sqlite3_blob_bytes()] interface.

**
** ^An attempt to write to an expired [BLOB handle] fails with an
** error code of [SQLITE_ABORT].  ^Writes to the BLOB that occurred
** before the [BLOB handle] expired are not rolled back by the
** expiration of the handle, though of course those changes might
** have been overwritten by the statement that expired the BLOB handle
** or by other independent statements.
**
** ^(On success, sqlite3_blob_write() returns SQLITE_OK.
** Otherwise, an  [error code] or an [extended error code] is returned.)^
**
** This routine only works on a [BLOB handle] which has been created
** by a prior successful call to [sqlite3_blob_open()] and which has not
** been closed by [sqlite3_blob_close()].  Passing any other pointer in
** to this routine results in undefined and probably undesirable behavior.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_blob_read()].
*/
................................................................................
** The SQLite core uses these routines for thread
** synchronization. Though they are intended for internal
** use by SQLite, code that links against SQLite is
** permitted to use any of these routines.
**
** The SQLite source code contains multiple implementations
** of these mutex routines.  An appropriate implementation
** is selected automatically at compile-time.  ^(The following
** implementations are available in the SQLite core:
**
** <ul>
** <li>   SQLITE_MUTEX_PTHREADS
** <li>   SQLITE_MUTEX_W32
** <li>   SQLITE_MUTEX_NOOP
** </ul>)^
**
** ^The SQLITE_MUTEX_NOOP implementation is a set of routines
** that does no real locking and is appropriate for use in
** a single-threaded application.  ^The SQLITE_MUTEX_PTHREADS and
** SQLITE_MUTEX_W32 implementations are appropriate for use on Unix
** and Windows.
**
** ^(If SQLite is compiled with the SQLITE_MUTEX_APPDEF preprocessor
** macro defined (with "-DSQLITE_MUTEX_APPDEF=1"), then no mutex
** implementation is included with the library. In this case the
** application must supply a custom mutex implementation using the
** [SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX] option of the sqlite3_config() function
** before calling sqlite3_initialize() or any other public sqlite3_
** function that calls sqlite3_initialize().)^
**
** ^The sqlite3_mutex_alloc() routine allocates a new
** mutex and returns a pointer to it. ^If it returns NULL
** that means that a mutex could not be allocated.  ^SQLite
** will unwind its stack and return an error.  ^(The argument
** to sqlite3_mutex_alloc() is one of these integer constants:
**
** <ul>
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_OPEN
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PRNG
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PMEM
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP1
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP2

** </ul>)^
**
** ^The first two constants (SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST and SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE)
** cause sqlite3_mutex_alloc() to create
** a new mutex.  ^The new mutex is recursive when SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE
** is used but not necessarily so when SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST is used.
** The mutex implementation does not need to make a distinction
** between SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE and SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST if it does
** not want to.  ^SQLite will only request a recursive mutex in
** cases where it really needs one.  ^If a faster non-recursive mutex
** implementation is available on the host platform, the mutex subsystem
** might return such a mutex in response to SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST.
**
** ^The other allowed parameters to sqlite3_mutex_alloc() (anything other
** than SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST and SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE) each return
** a pointer to a static preexisting mutex.  ^Six static mutexes are
** used by the current version of SQLite.  Future versions of SQLite
** may add additional static mutexes.  Static mutexes are for internal
** use by SQLite only.  Applications that use SQLite mutexes should
** use only the dynamic mutexes returned by SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST or
** SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE.
**
** ^Note that if one of the dynamic mutex parameters (SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST
** or SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE) is used then sqlite3_mutex_alloc()
** returns a different mutex on every call.  ^But for the static
** mutex types, the same mutex is returned on every call that has
** the same type number.
**
** ^The sqlite3_mutex_free() routine deallocates a previously
** allocated dynamic mutex.  ^SQLite is careful to deallocate every
** dynamic mutex that it allocates.  The dynamic mutexes must not be in
** use when they are deallocated.  Attempting to deallocate a static
** mutex results in undefined behavior.  ^SQLite never deallocates
** a static mutex.
**
** ^The sqlite3_mutex_enter() and sqlite3_mutex_try() routines attempt
** to enter a mutex.  ^If another thread is already within the mutex,
** sqlite3_mutex_enter() will block and sqlite3_mutex_try() will return
** SQLITE_BUSY.  ^The sqlite3_mutex_try() interface returns [SQLITE_OK]
** upon successful entry.  ^(Mutexes created using
** SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE can be entered multiple times by the same thread.
** In such cases the,
** mutex must be exited an equal number of times before another thread
** can enter.)^  ^(If the same thread tries to enter any other
** kind of mutex more than once, the behavior is undefined.
** SQLite will never exhibit
** such behavior in its own use of mutexes.)^
**
** ^(Some systems (for example, Windows 95) do not support the operation
** implemented by sqlite3_mutex_try().  On those systems, sqlite3_mutex_try()
** will always return SQLITE_BUSY.  The SQLite core only ever uses
** sqlite3_mutex_try() as an optimization so this is acceptable behavior.)^

**
** ^The sqlite3_mutex_leave() routine exits a mutex that was
** previously entered by the same thread.   ^(The behavior
** is undefined if the mutex is not currently entered by the
** calling thread or is not currently allocated.  SQLite will
** never do either.)^
**
** ^If the argument to sqlite3_mutex_enter(), sqlite3_mutex_try(), or
** sqlite3_mutex_leave() is a NULL pointer, then all three routines
** behave as no-ops.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_mutex_held()] and [sqlite3_mutex_notheld()].
*/
................................................................................
/*
** CAPI3REF: Mutex Methods Object
**
** An instance of this structure defines the low-level routines
** used to allocate and use mutexes.
**
** Usually, the default mutex implementations provided by SQLite are
** sufficient, however the user has the option of substituting a custom
** implementation for specialized deployments or systems for which SQLite
** does not provide a suitable implementation. In this case, the user
** creates and populates an instance of this structure to pass
** to sqlite3_config() along with the [SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX] option.
** Additionally, an instance of this structure can be used as an
** output variable when querying the system for the current mutex
** implementation, using the [SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMUTEX] option.
**
** ^The xMutexInit method defined by this structure is invoked as
................................................................................
** above silently ignore any invocations that pass a NULL pointer instead
** of a valid mutex handle. The implementations of the methods defined
** by this structure are not required to handle this case, the results
** of passing a NULL pointer instead of a valid mutex handle are undefined
** (i.e. it is acceptable to provide an implementation that segfaults if
** it is passed a NULL pointer).
**
** The xMutexInit() method must be threadsafe.  ^It must be harmless to
** invoke xMutexInit() multiple times within the same process and without
** intervening calls to xMutexEnd().  Second and subsequent calls to
** xMutexInit() must be no-ops.
**
** ^xMutexInit() must not use SQLite memory allocation ([sqlite3_malloc()]
** and its associates).  ^Similarly, xMutexAlloc() must not use SQLite memory
** allocation for a static mutex.  ^However xMutexAlloc() may use SQLite
** memory allocation for a fast or recursive mutex.
**
** ^SQLite will invoke the xMutexEnd() method when [sqlite3_shutdown()] is
** called, but only if the prior call to xMutexInit returned SQLITE_OK.
** If xMutexInit fails in any way, it is expected to clean up after itself
** prior to returning.
................................................................................
  int (*xMutexNotheld)(sqlite3_mutex *);
};

/*
** CAPI3REF: Mutex Verification Routines
**
** The sqlite3_mutex_held() and sqlite3_mutex_notheld() routines
** are intended for use inside assert() statements.  ^The SQLite core
** never uses these routines except inside an assert() and applications
** are advised to follow the lead of the core.  ^The SQLite core only
** provides implementations for these routines when it is compiled
** with the SQLITE_DEBUG flag.  ^External mutex implementations
** are only required to provide these routines if SQLITE_DEBUG is
** defined and if NDEBUG is not defined.
**
** ^These routines should return true if the mutex in their argument
** is held or not held, respectively, by the calling thread.
**
** ^The implementation is not required to provide versions of these
** routines that actually work. If the implementation does not provide working
** versions of these routines, it should at least provide stubs that always
** return true so that one does not get spurious assertion failures.
**
** ^If the argument to sqlite3_mutex_held() is a NULL pointer then
** the routine should return 1.   This seems counter-intuitive since
** clearly the mutex cannot be held if it does not exist.  But
** the reason the mutex does not exist is because the build is not
** using mutexes.  And we do not want the assert() containing the
** call to sqlite3_mutex_held() to fail, so a non-zero return is
** the appropriate thing to do.  ^The sqlite3_mutex_notheld()
** interface should also return 1 when given a NULL pointer.
*/
#ifndef NDEBUG
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_mutex_held(sqlite3_mutex*);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_mutex_notheld(sqlite3_mutex*);
#endif

................................................................................
** an [ATTACH] statement for an attached database.
** ^The S and M arguments passed to 
** sqlite3_backup_init(D,N,S,M) identify the [database connection]
** and database name of the source database, respectively.
** ^The source and destination [database connections] (parameters S and D)
** must be different or else sqlite3_backup_init(D,N,S,M) will fail with
** an error.




**
** ^If an error occurs within sqlite3_backup_init(D,N,S,M), then NULL is
** returned and an error code and error message are stored in the
** destination [database connection] D.
** ^The error code and message for the failed call to sqlite3_backup_init()
** can be retrieved using the [sqlite3_errcode()], [sqlite3_errmsg()], and/or
** [sqlite3_errmsg16()] functions.
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_log(int iErrCode, const char *zFormat, ...);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Write-Ahead Log Commit Hook
**
** ^The [sqlite3_wal_hook()] function is used to register a callback that
** will be invoked each time a database connection commits data to a
** [write-ahead log] (i.e. whenever a transaction is committed in
** [journal_mode | journal_mode=WAL mode]). 
**
** ^The callback is invoked by SQLite after the commit has taken place and 
** the associated write-lock on the database released, so the implementation 
** may read, write or [checkpoint] the database as required.
**
** ^The first parameter passed to the callback function when it is invoked
** is a copy of the third parameter passed to sqlite3_wal_hook() when
** registering the callback. ^The second is a copy of the database handle.
** ^The third parameter is the name of the database that was written to -
** either "main" or the name of an [ATTACH]-ed database. ^The fourth parameter
................................................................................
** for a particular application.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_wal_autocheckpoint(sqlite3 *db, int N);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Checkpoint a database
**
** ^The [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint(D,X)] interface causes database named X
** on [database connection] D to be [checkpointed].  ^If X is NULL or an
** empty string, then a checkpoint is run on all databases of
** connection D.  ^If the database connection D is not in
** [WAL | write-ahead log mode] then this interface is a harmless no-op.
** ^The [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint(D,X)] interface initiates a
** [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2|PASSIVE] checkpoint.
** Use the [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2()] interface to get a FULL
** or RESET checkpoint.
**
** ^The [wal_checkpoint pragma] can be used to invoke this interface
** from SQL.  ^The [sqlite3_wal_autocheckpoint()] interface and the
** [wal_autocheckpoint pragma] can be used to cause this interface to be
** run whenever the WAL reaches a certain size threshold.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2()]
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_wal_checkpoint(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDb);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Checkpoint a database
**
** Run a checkpoint operation on WAL database zDb attached to database 
** handle db. The specific operation is determined by the value of the 
** eMode parameter:

**
** <dl>
** <dt>SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE<dd>
**   Checkpoint as many frames as possible without waiting for any database 
**   readers or writers to finish. Sync the db file if all frames in the log
**   are checkpointed. This mode is the same as calling 
**   sqlite3_wal_checkpoint(). The [sqlite3_busy_handler|busy-handler callback]
**   is never invoked.


**
** <dt>SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL<dd>
**   This mode blocks (it invokes the
**   [sqlite3_busy_handler|busy-handler callback]) until there is no
**   database writer and all readers are reading from the most recent database
**   snapshot. It then checkpoints all frames in the log file and syncs the
**   database file. This call blocks database writers while it is running,
**   but not database readers.

**
** <dt>SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_RESTART<dd>
**   This mode works the same way as SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL, except after 
**   checkpointing the log file it blocks (calls the 
**   [sqlite3_busy_handler|busy-handler callback])
**   until all readers are reading from the database file only. This ensures 
**   that the next client to write to the database file restarts the log file 
**   from the beginning. This call blocks database writers while it is running,
**   but not database readers.






** </dl>
**
** If pnLog is not NULL, then *pnLog is set to the total number of frames in
** the log file before returning. If pnCkpt is not NULL, then *pnCkpt is set to


** the total number of checkpointed frames (including any that were already
** checkpointed when this function is called). *pnLog and *pnCkpt may be
** populated even if sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2() returns other than SQLITE_OK.
** If no values are available because of an error, they are both set to -1
** before returning to communicate this to the caller.





**
** All calls obtain an exclusive "checkpoint" lock on the database file. If
** any other process is running a checkpoint operation at the same time, the 
** lock cannot be obtained and SQLITE_BUSY is returned. Even if there is a 
** busy-handler configured, it will not be invoked in this case.
**
** The SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL and RESTART modes also obtain the exclusive 

** "writer" lock on the database file. If the writer lock cannot be obtained
** immediately, and a busy-handler is configured, it is invoked and the writer
** lock retried until either the busy-handler returns 0 or the lock is
** successfully obtained. The busy-handler is also invoked while waiting for
** database readers as described above. If the busy-handler returns 0 before
** the writer lock is obtained or while waiting for database readers, the
** checkpoint operation proceeds from that point in the same way as 
** SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE - checkpointing as many frames as possible 
** without blocking any further. SQLITE_BUSY is returned in this case.
**
** If parameter zDb is NULL or points to a zero length string, then the
** specified operation is attempted on all WAL databases. In this case the

** values written to output parameters *pnLog and *pnCkpt are undefined. If 
** an SQLITE_BUSY error is encountered when processing one or more of the 
** attached WAL databases, the operation is still attempted on any remaining 
** attached databases and SQLITE_BUSY is returned to the caller. If any other 
** error occurs while processing an attached database, processing is abandoned 
** and the error code returned to the caller immediately. If no error 
** (SQLITE_BUSY or otherwise) is encountered while processing the attached 
** databases, SQLITE_OK is returned.
**
** If database zDb is the name of an attached database that is not in WAL
** mode, SQLITE_OK is returned and both *pnLog and *pnCkpt set to -1. If
** zDb is not NULL (or a zero length string) and is not the name of any
** attached database, SQLITE_ERROR is returned to the caller.








*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2(
  sqlite3 *db,                    /* Database handle */
  const char *zDb,                /* Name of attached database (or NULL) */
  int eMode,                      /* SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_* value */
  int *pnLog,                     /* OUT: Size of WAL log in frames */
  int *pnCkpt                     /* OUT: Total number of frames checkpointed */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Checkpoint operation parameters

**
** These constants can be used as the 3rd parameter to


** [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2()].  See the [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2()]
** documentation for additional information about the meaning and use of
** each of these values.

*/
#define SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE 0
#define SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL    1
#define SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_RESTART 2


/*
** CAPI3REF: Virtual Table Interface Configuration
**
** This function may be called by either the [xConnect] or [xCreate] method
** of a [virtual table] implementation to configure
** various facets of the virtual table interface.
................................................................................
*/
#define SQLITE_ROLLBACK 1
/* #define SQLITE_IGNORE 2 // Also used by sqlite3_authorizer() callback */
#define SQLITE_FAIL     3
/* #define SQLITE_ABORT 4  // Also an error code */
#define SQLITE_REPLACE  5







































































































/*
** Undo the hack that converts floating point types to integer for
** builds on processors without floating point support.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
................................................................................
** the -DSQLITE_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE=0 command-line option.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE
# define SQLITE_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE 1
#endif

/*
** The SQLITE_DEFAULT_MEMSTATUS macro must be defined as either 0 or 1.
** It determines whether or not the features related to 
** SQLITE_CONFIG_MEMSTATUS are available by default or not. This value can
** be overridden at runtime using the sqlite3_config() API.
*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_DEFAULT_MEMSTATUS)
# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_MEMSTATUS 1
#endif

/*
** Exactly one of the following macros must be defined in order to
................................................................................

/*
** Estimated quantities used for query planning are stored as 16-bit
** logarithms.  For quantity X, the value stored is 10*log2(X).  This
** gives a possible range of values of approximately 1.0e986 to 1e-986.
** But the allowed values are "grainy".  Not every value is representable.
** For example, quantities 16 and 17 are both represented by a LogEst
** of 40.  However, since LogEst quantaties are suppose to be estimates,
** not exact values, this imprecision is not a problem.
**
** "LogEst" is short for "Logarithmic Estimate".
**
** Examples:
**      1 -> 0              20 -> 43          10000 -> 132
**      2 -> 10             25 -> 46          25000 -> 146
................................................................................
*/
#ifndef _BTREE_H_
#define _BTREE_H_

/* TODO: This definition is just included so other modules compile. It
** needs to be revisited.
*/
#define SQLITE_N_BTREE_META 10

/*
** If defined as non-zero, auto-vacuum is enabled by default. Otherwise
** it must be turned on for each database using "PRAGMA auto_vacuum = 1".
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_AUTOVACUUM
  #define SQLITE_DEFAULT_AUTOVACUUM 0
................................................................................
** SQLite database header may be found using the following formula:
**
**   offset = 36 + (idx * 4)
**
** For example, the free-page-count field is located at byte offset 36 of
** the database file header. The incr-vacuum-flag field is located at
** byte offset 64 (== 36+4*7).





*/
#define BTREE_FREE_PAGE_COUNT     0
#define BTREE_SCHEMA_VERSION      1
#define BTREE_FILE_FORMAT         2
#define BTREE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE  3
#define BTREE_LARGEST_ROOT_PAGE   4
#define BTREE_TEXT_ENCODING       5
#define BTREE_USER_VERSION        6
#define BTREE_INCR_VACUUM         7
#define BTREE_APPLICATION_ID      8


/*
** Values that may be OR'd together to form the second argument of an
** sqlite3BtreeCursorHints() call.
*/
#define BTREE_BULKLOAD 0x00000001

................................................................................

SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreePutData(BtCursor*, u32 offset, u32 amt, void*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeIncrblobCursor(BtCursor *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeClearCursor(BtCursor *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeSetVersion(Btree *pBt, int iVersion);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeCursorHints(BtCursor *, unsigned int mask);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeIsReadonly(Btree *pBt);


#ifndef NDEBUG
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCursorIsValid(BtCursor*);
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BTREECOUNT
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCount(BtCursor *, i64 *);
................................................................................
# define VdbeCoverage(v)
# define VdbeCoverageIf(v,x)
# define VdbeCoverageAlwaysTaken(v)
# define VdbeCoverageNeverTaken(v)
# define VDBE_OFFSET_LINENO(x) 0
#endif







#endif

/************** End of vdbe.h ************************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in sqliteInt.h ******************/
/************** Include pager.h in the middle of sqliteInt.h *****************/
/************** Begin file pager.h *******************************************/
/*
................................................................................

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_ZIPVFS
SQLITE_PRIVATE   int sqlite3PagerWalFramesize(Pager *pPager);
#endif

/* Functions used to query pager state and configuration. */
SQLITE_PRIVATE u8 sqlite3PagerIsreadonly(Pager*);

SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerRefcount(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerMemUsed(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE const char *sqlite3PagerFilename(Pager*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE const sqlite3_vfs *sqlite3PagerVfs(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3_file *sqlite3PagerFile(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE const char *sqlite3PagerJournalname(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerNosync(Pager*);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerIsMemdb(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerCacheStat(Pager *, int, int, int *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerClearCache(Pager *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3SectorSize(sqlite3_file *);

/* Functions used to truncate the database file. */
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerTruncateImage(Pager*,Pgno);



#if defined(SQLITE_HAS_CODEC) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL)
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3PagerCodec(DbPage *);
#endif

/* Functions to support testing and debugging. */
#if !defined(NDEBUG) || defined(SQLITE_TEST)
................................................................................

#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PcacheStats(int*,int*,int*,int*);
#endif

SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PCacheSetDefault(void);





#endif /* _PCACHE_H_ */

/************** End of pcache.h **********************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in sqliteInt.h ******************/

/************** Include os.h in the middle of sqliteInt.h ********************/
/************** Begin file os.h **********************************************/
................................................................................
  int flags;                    /* Miscellaneous flags. See below */
  i64 lastRowid;                /* ROWID of most recent insert (see above) */
  i64 szMmap;                   /* Default mmap_size setting */
  unsigned int openFlags;       /* Flags passed to sqlite3_vfs.xOpen() */
  int errCode;                  /* Most recent error code (SQLITE_*) */
  int errMask;                  /* & result codes with this before returning */
  u16 dbOptFlags;               /* Flags to enable/disable optimizations */

  u8 autoCommit;                /* The auto-commit flag. */
  u8 temp_store;                /* 1: file 2: memory 0: default */
  u8 mallocFailed;              /* True if we have seen a malloc failure */
  u8 dfltLockMode;              /* Default locking-mode for attached dbs */
  signed char nextAutovac;      /* Autovac setting after VACUUM if >=0 */
  u8 suppressErr;               /* Do not issue error messages if true */
  u8 vtabOnConflict;            /* Value to return for s3_vtab_on_conflict() */
................................................................................
  sqlite3_userauth auth;        /* User authentication information */
#endif
};

/*
** A macro to discover the encoding of a database.
*/
#define ENC(db) ((db)->aDb[0].pSchema->enc)


/*
** Possible values for the sqlite3.flags.
*/
#define SQLITE_VdbeTrace      0x00000001  /* True to trace VDBE execution */
#define SQLITE_InternChanges  0x00000002  /* Uncommitted Hash table changes */
#define SQLITE_FullFSync      0x00000004  /* Use full fsync on the backend */
................................................................................
/*                not used    0x0010   // Was: SQLITE_IdxRealAsInt */
#define SQLITE_DistinctOpt    0x0020   /* DISTINCT using indexes */
#define SQLITE_CoverIdxScan   0x0040   /* Covering index scans */
#define SQLITE_OrderByIdxJoin 0x0080   /* ORDER BY of joins via index */
#define SQLITE_SubqCoroutine  0x0100   /* Evaluate subqueries as coroutines */
#define SQLITE_Transitive     0x0200   /* Transitive constraints */
#define SQLITE_OmitNoopJoin   0x0400   /* Omit unused tables in joins */
#define SQLITE_Stat3          0x0800   /* Use the SQLITE_STAT3 table */
#define SQLITE_AllOpts        0xffff   /* All optimizations */

/*
** Macros for testing whether or not optimizations are enabled or disabled.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST
#define OptimizationDisabled(db, mask)  (((db)->dbOptFlags&(mask))!=0)
................................................................................
  Table *pTable;           /* The SQL table being indexed */
  char *zColAff;           /* String defining the affinity of each column */
  Index *pNext;            /* The next index associated with the same table */
  Schema *pSchema;         /* Schema containing this index */
  u8 *aSortOrder;          /* for each column: True==DESC, False==ASC */
  char **azColl;           /* Array of collation sequence names for index */
  Expr *pPartIdxWhere;     /* WHERE clause for partial indices */
  KeyInfo *pKeyInfo;       /* A KeyInfo object suitable for this index */
  int tnum;                /* DB Page containing root of this index */
  LogEst szIdxRow;         /* Estimated average row size in bytes */
  u16 nKeyCol;             /* Number of columns forming the key */
  u16 nColumn;             /* Number of columns stored in the index */
  u8 onError;              /* OE_Abort, OE_Ignore, OE_Replace, or OE_None */
  unsigned idxType:2;      /* 1==UNIQUE, 2==PRIMARY KEY, 0==CREATE INDEX */
  unsigned bUnordered:1;   /* Use this index for == or IN queries only */
  unsigned uniqNotNull:1;  /* True if UNIQUE and NOT NULL for all columns */
  unsigned isResized:1;    /* True if resizeIndexObject() has been called */
  unsigned isCovering:1;   /* True if this is a covering index */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  int nSample;             /* Number of elements in aSample[] */
  int nSampleCol;          /* Size of IndexSample.anEq[] and so on */
  tRowcnt *aAvgEq;         /* Average nEq values for keys not in aSample */
  IndexSample *aSample;    /* Samples of the left-most key */
  tRowcnt *aiRowEst;       /* Non-logarithmic stat1 data for this table */

#endif
};

/*
** Allowed values for Index.idxType
*/
#define SQLITE_IDXTYPE_APPDEF      0   /* Created using CREATE INDEX */
................................................................................

#if SQLITE_MAX_EXPR_DEPTH>0
  int nHeight;           /* Height of the tree headed by this node */
#endif
  int iTable;            /* TK_COLUMN: cursor number of table holding column
                         ** TK_REGISTER: register number
                         ** TK_TRIGGER: 1 -> new, 0 -> old
                         ** EP_Unlikely:  1000 times likelihood */
  ynVar iColumn;         /* TK_COLUMN: column index.  -1 for rowid.
                         ** TK_VARIABLE: variable number (always >= 1). */
  i16 iAgg;              /* Which entry in pAggInfo->aCol[] or ->aFunc[] */
  i16 iRightJoinTable;   /* If EP_FromJoin, the right table of the join */
  u8 op2;                /* TK_REGISTER: original value of Expr.op
                         ** TK_COLUMN: the value of p5 for OP_Column
                         ** TK_AGG_FUNCTION: nesting depth */
................................................................................
#define SF_Resolved        0x0002  /* Identifiers have been resolved */
#define SF_Aggregate       0x0004  /* Contains aggregate functions */
#define SF_UsesEphemeral   0x0008  /* Uses the OpenEphemeral opcode */
#define SF_Expanded        0x0010  /* sqlite3SelectExpand() called on this */
#define SF_HasTypeInfo     0x0020  /* FROM subqueries have Table metadata */
#define SF_Compound        0x0040  /* Part of a compound query */
#define SF_Values          0x0080  /* Synthesized from VALUES clause */
                    /*     0x0100  NOT USED */
#define SF_NestedFrom      0x0200  /* Part of a parenthesized FROM clause */
#define SF_MaybeConvert    0x0400  /* Need convertCompoundSelectToSubquery() */
#define SF_Recursive       0x0800  /* The recursive part of a recursive CTE */
#define SF_MinMaxAgg       0x1000  /* Aggregate containing min() or max() */


/*
................................................................................
  int szScratch;                    /* Size of each scratch buffer */
  int nScratch;                     /* Number of scratch buffers */
  void *pPage;                      /* Page cache memory */
  int szPage;                       /* Size of each page in pPage[] */
  int nPage;                        /* Number of pages in pPage[] */
  int mxParserStack;                /* maximum depth of the parser stack */
  int sharedCacheEnabled;           /* true if shared-cache mode enabled */

  /* The above might be initialized to non-zero.  The following need to always
  ** initially be zero, however. */
  int isInit;                       /* True after initialization has finished */
  int inProgress;                   /* True while initialization in progress */
  int isMutexInit;                  /* True after mutexes are initialized */
  int isMallocInit;                 /* True after malloc is initialized */
  int isPCacheInit;                 /* True after malloc is initialized */
................................................................................
*/
struct Walker {
  int (*xExprCallback)(Walker*, Expr*);     /* Callback for expressions */
  int (*xSelectCallback)(Walker*,Select*);  /* Callback for SELECTs */
  void (*xSelectCallback2)(Walker*,Select*);/* Second callback for SELECTs */
  Parse *pParse;                            /* Parser context.  */
  int walkerDepth;                          /* Number of subqueries */

  union {                                   /* Extra data for callback */
    NameContext *pNC;                          /* Naming context */
    int i;                                     /* Integer value */

    SrcList *pSrcList;                         /* FROM clause */
    struct SrcCount *pSrcCount;                /* Counting column references */
  } u;
};

/* Forward declarations */
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WalkExpr(Walker*, Expr*);
................................................................................

/*
** FTS4 is really an extension for FTS3.  It is enabled using the
** SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3 macro.  But to avoid confusion we also call
** the SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS4 macro to serve as an alias for SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3.
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS4) && !defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3)
# define SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3
#endif

/*
** The ctype.h header is needed for non-ASCII systems.  It is also
** needed by FTS3 when FTS3 is included in the amalgamation.
*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_ASCII) || \
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3RollbackTransaction(Parse*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Savepoint(Parse*, int, Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CloseSavepoints(sqlite3 *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3LeaveMutexAndCloseZombie(sqlite3*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprIsConstant(Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprIsConstantNotJoin(Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprIsConstantOrFunction(Expr*, u8);

SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprIsInteger(Expr*, int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprCanBeNull(const Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprNeedsNoAffinityChange(const Expr*, char);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IsRowid(const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3GenerateRowDelete(Parse*,Table*,Trigger*,int,int,int,i16,u8,u8,u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3GenerateRowIndexDelete(Parse*, Table*, int, int, int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3GenerateIndexKey(Parse*, Index*, int, int, int, int*,Index*,int);
................................................................................
** If the SQLITE_ENABLE IOTRACE exists then the global variable
** sqlite3IoTrace is a pointer to a printf-like routine used to
** print I/O tracing messages. 
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_IOTRACE
# define IOTRACE(A)  if( sqlite3IoTrace ){ sqlite3IoTrace A; }
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3VdbeIOTraceSql(Vdbe*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void (*sqlite3IoTrace)(const char*,...);
#else
# define IOTRACE(A)
# define sqlite3VdbeIOTraceSql(X)
#endif

/*
** These routines are available for the mem2.c debugging memory allocator
................................................................................

/* EVIDENCE-OF: R-02982-34736 In order to maintain full backwards
** compatibility for legacy applications, the URI filename capability is
** disabled by default.
**
** EVIDENCE-OF: R-38799-08373 URI filenames can be enabled or disabled
** using the SQLITE_USE_URI=1 or SQLITE_USE_URI=0 compile-time options.




*/
#ifndef SQLITE_USE_URI
# define  SQLITE_USE_URI 0
#endif





#ifndef SQLITE_ALLOW_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN
# define SQLITE_ALLOW_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN 1
#endif








/*
** The following singleton contains the global configuration for
** the SQLite library.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE SQLITE_WSD struct Sqlite3Config sqlite3Config = {
   SQLITE_DEFAULT_MEMSTATUS,  /* bMemstat */
................................................................................
   0,                         /* szScratch */
   0,                         /* nScratch */
   (void*)0,                  /* pPage */
   0,                         /* szPage */
   0,                         /* nPage */
   0,                         /* mxParserStack */
   0,                         /* sharedCacheEnabled */

   /* All the rest should always be initialized to zero */
   0,                         /* isInit */
   0,                         /* inProgress */
   0,                         /* isMutexInit */
   0,                         /* isMallocInit */
   0,                         /* isPCacheInit */
   0,                         /* nRefInitMutex */
................................................................................
** a different position in the file.  This allows code that has to
** deal with the pending byte to run on files that are much smaller
** than 1 GiB.  The sqlite3_test_control() interface can be used to
** move the pending byte.
**
** IMPORTANT:  Changing the pending byte to any value other than
** 0x40000000 results in an incompatible database file format!
** Changing the pending byte during operating results in undefined
** and dileterious behavior.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WSD
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PendingByte = 0x40000000;
#endif

/*
** Properties of opcodes.  The OPFLG_INITIALIZER macro is
................................................................................
static const char * const azCompileOpt[] = {

/* These macros are provided to "stringify" the value of the define
** for those options in which the value is meaningful. */
#define CTIMEOPT_VAL_(opt) #opt
#define CTIMEOPT_VAL(opt) CTIMEOPT_VAL_(opt)

#ifdef SQLITE_32BIT_ROWID
  "32BIT_ROWID",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_4_BYTE_ALIGNED_MALLOC
  "4_BYTE_ALIGNED_MALLOC",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_CASE_SENSITIVE_LIKE
  "CASE_SENSITIVE_LIKE",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_CHECK_PAGES
  "CHECK_PAGES",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_COVERAGE_TEST
  "COVERAGE_TEST",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  "DEBUG",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_DEFAULT_LOCKING_MODE
  "DEFAULT_LOCKING_MODE=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_DEFAULT_LOCKING_MODE),
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_DEFAULT_MMAP_SIZE) && !defined(SQLITE_DEFAULT_MMAP_SIZE_xc)
  "DEFAULT_MMAP_SIZE=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_DEFAULT_MMAP_SIZE),
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_DISABLE_DIRSYNC
  "DISABLE_DIRSYNC",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_DISABLE_LFS
  "DISABLE_LFS",
#endif



#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_ATOMIC_WRITE
  "ENABLE_ATOMIC_WRITE",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_CEROD
  "ENABLE_CEROD",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA
  "ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPENSIVE_ASSERT
  "ENABLE_EXPENSIVE_ASSERT",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS1
  "ENABLE_FTS1",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS2
  "ENABLE_FTS2",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3
  "ENABLE_FTS3",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3_PARENTHESIS
  "ENABLE_FTS3_PARENTHESIS",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS4
  "ENABLE_FTS4",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_ICU
  "ENABLE_ICU",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_IOTRACE
  "ENABLE_IOTRACE",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_LOAD_EXTENSION
  "ENABLE_LOAD_EXTENSION",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE
  "ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE),
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT
  "ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS3
  "ENABLE_MEMSYS3",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS5
  "ENABLE_MEMSYS5",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_OVERSIZE_CELL_CHECK
  "ENABLE_OVERSIZE_CELL_CHECK",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_RTREE
  "ENABLE_RTREE",
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4)
  "ENABLE_STAT4",
#elif defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3)
  "ENABLE_STAT3",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_UNLOCK_NOTIFY
  "ENABLE_UNLOCK_NOTIFY",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT
  "ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_HAS_CODEC
  "HAS_CODEC",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_HAVE_ISNAN
  "HAVE_ISNAN",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_HOMEGROWN_RECURSIVE_MUTEX
  "HOMEGROWN_RECURSIVE_MUTEX",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_IGNORE_AFP_LOCK_ERRORS
  "IGNORE_AFP_LOCK_ERRORS",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_IGNORE_FLOCK_LOCK_ERRORS
  "IGNORE_FLOCK_LOCK_ERRORS",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_INT64_TYPE
  "INT64_TYPE",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_LOCK_TRACE
  "LOCK_TRACE",
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE) && !defined(SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE_xc)
  "MAX_MMAP_SIZE=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE),
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_MAX_SCHEMA_RETRY
  "MAX_SCHEMA_RETRY=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_MAX_SCHEMA_RETRY),
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_MEMDEBUG
  "MEMDEBUG",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_MIXED_ENDIAN_64BIT_FLOAT
  "MIXED_ENDIAN_64BIT_FLOAT",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_NO_SYNC
  "NO_SYNC",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_ALTERTABLE
  "OMIT_ALTERTABLE",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_ANALYZE
  "OMIT_ANALYZE",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_ATTACH
  "OMIT_ATTACH",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
  "OMIT_AUTHORIZATION",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT
  "OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINIT
  "OMIT_AUTOINIT",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOMATIC_INDEX
  "OMIT_AUTOMATIC_INDEX",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTORESET
  "OMIT_AUTORESET",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
  "OMIT_AUTOVACUUM",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_BETWEEN_OPTIMIZATION
  "OMIT_BETWEEN_OPTIMIZATION",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_BLOB_LITERAL
  "OMIT_BLOB_LITERAL",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_BTREECOUNT
  "OMIT_BTREECOUNT",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST
  "OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
  "OMIT_CAST",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK
  "OMIT_CHECK",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_COMPLETE
  "OMIT_COMPLETE",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT
  "OMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_CTE
  "OMIT_CTE",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_DATETIME_FUNCS
  "OMIT_DATETIME_FUNCS",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_DECLTYPE
  "OMIT_DECLTYPE",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_DEPRECATED
  "OMIT_DEPRECATED",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_DISKIO
  "OMIT_DISKIO",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
  "OMIT_EXPLAIN",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_FLAG_PRAGMAS
  "OMIT_FLAG_PRAGMAS",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
  "OMIT_FLOATING_POINT",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
  "OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_GET_TABLE
  "OMIT_GET_TABLE",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_INCRBLOB
  "OMIT_INCRBLOB",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_INTEGRITY_CHECK
  "OMIT_INTEGRITY_CHECK",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_LIKE_OPTIMIZATION
  "OMIT_LIKE_OPTIMIZATION",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION
  "OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_LOCALTIME
  "OMIT_LOCALTIME",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_LOOKASIDE
  "OMIT_LOOKASIDE",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_MEMORYDB
  "OMIT_MEMORYDB",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_OR_OPTIMIZATION
  "OMIT_OR_OPTIMIZATION",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS
  "OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_PRAGMA
  "OMIT_PRAGMA",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_PROGRESS_CALLBACK
  "OMIT_PROGRESS_CALLBACK",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_QUICKBALANCE
  "OMIT_QUICKBALANCE",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_REINDEX
  "OMIT_REINDEX",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_SCHEMA_PRAGMAS
  "OMIT_SCHEMA_PRAGMAS",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_SCHEMA_VERSION_PRAGMAS
  "OMIT_SCHEMA_VERSION_PRAGMAS",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
  "OMIT_SHARED_CACHE",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
  "OMIT_SUBQUERY",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_TCL_VARIABLE
  "OMIT_TCL_VARIABLE",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_TEMPDB
  "OMIT_TEMPDB",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE
  "OMIT_TRACE",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
  "OMIT_TRIGGER",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_TRUNCATE_OPTIMIZATION
  "OMIT_TRUNCATE_OPTIMIZATION",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
  "OMIT_UTF16",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_VACUUM
  "OMIT_VACUUM",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW
  "OMIT_VIEW",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  "OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  "OMIT_WAL",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_WSD
  "OMIT_WSD",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_XFER_OPT
  "OMIT_XFER_OPT",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_PERFORMANCE_TRACE
  "PERFORMANCE_TRACE",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_PROXY_DEBUG
  "PROXY_DEBUG",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_RTREE_INT_ONLY
  "RTREE_INT_ONLY",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_SECURE_DELETE
  "SECURE_DELETE",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_SMALL_STACK
  "SMALL_STACK",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_SOUNDEX
  "SOUNDEX",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC
  "SYSTEM_MALLOC",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_TCL
  "TCL",
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_TEMP_STORE) && !defined(SQLITE_TEMP_STORE_xc)
  "TEMP_STORE=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_TEMP_STORE),
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
  "TEST",
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_THREADSAFE)
  "THREADSAFE=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_THREADSAFE),
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_USE_ALLOCA
  "USE_ALLOCA",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_USER_AUTHENTICATION
  "USER_AUTHENTICATION",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC
  "WIN32_MALLOC",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ZERO_MALLOC
  "ZERO_MALLOC"
#endif
};

/*
** Given the name of a compile-time option, return true if that option
** was used and false if not.
**
** The name can optionally begin with "SQLITE_" but the "SQLITE_" prefix
** is not required for a match.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_compileoption_used(const char *zOptName){
  int i, n;







  if( sqlite3StrNICmp(zOptName, "SQLITE_", 7)==0 ) zOptName += 7;
  n = sqlite3Strlen30(zOptName);

  /* Since ArraySize(azCompileOpt) is normally in single digits, a
  ** linear search is adequate.  No need for a binary search. */
  for(i=0; i<ArraySize(azCompileOpt); i++){
    if( sqlite3StrNICmp(zOptName, azCompileOpt[i], n)==0
................................................................................
** set to NULL if the currently executing frame is the main program.
*/
typedef struct VdbeFrame VdbeFrame;
struct VdbeFrame {
  Vdbe *v;                /* VM this frame belongs to */
  VdbeFrame *pParent;     /* Parent of this frame, or NULL if parent is main */
  Op *aOp;                /* Program instructions for parent frame */

  Mem *aMem;              /* Array of memory cells for parent frame */
  u8 *aOnceFlag;          /* Array of OP_Once flags for parent frame */
  VdbeCursor **apCsr;     /* Array of Vdbe cursors for parent frame */
  void *token;            /* Copy of SubProgram.token */
  i64 lastRowid;          /* Last insert rowid (sqlite3.lastRowid) */
  int nCursor;            /* Number of entries in apCsr */
  int pc;                 /* Program Counter in parent (calling) frame */
  int nOp;                /* Size of aOp array */
  int nMem;               /* Number of entries in aMem */
  int nOnceFlag;          /* Number of entries in aOnceFlag */
  int nChildMem;          /* Number of memory cells for child frame */
  int nChildCsr;          /* Number of cursors for child frame */
  int nChange;            /* Statement changes (Vdbe.nChanges)     */

};

#define VdbeFrameMem(p) ((Mem *)&((u8 *)p)[ROUND8(sizeof(VdbeFrame))])

/*
** A value for VdbeCursor.cacheValid that means the cache is always invalid.
*/
................................................................................
};

/* A bitfield type for use inside of structures.  Always follow with :N where
** N is the number of bits.
*/
typedef unsigned bft;  /* Bit Field Type */











/*
** An instance of the virtual machine.  This structure contains the complete
** state of the virtual machine.
**
** The "sqlite3_stmt" structure pointer that is returned by sqlite3_prepare()
** is really a pointer to an instance of this structure.
**
................................................................................
  VdbeFrame *pDelFrame;   /* List of frame objects to free on VM reset */
  int nFrame;             /* Number of frames in pFrame list */
  u32 expmask;            /* Binding to these vars invalidates VM */
  SubProgram *pProgram;   /* Linked list of all sub-programs used by VM */
  int nOnceFlag;          /* Size of array aOnceFlag[] */
  u8 *aOnceFlag;          /* Flags for OP_Once */
  AuxData *pAuxData;      /* Linked list of auxdata allocations */





};

/*
** The following are allowed values for Vdbe.magic
*/
#define VDBE_MAGIC_INIT     0x26bceaa5    /* Building a VDBE program */
#define VDBE_MAGIC_RUN      0xbdf20da3    /* VDBE is ready to execute */
................................................................................
** then this routine is not threadsafe.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_status(int op, int *pCurrent, int *pHighwater, int resetFlag){
  wsdStatInit;
  if( op<0 || op>=ArraySize(wsdStat.nowValue) ){
    return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
  }



  *pCurrent = wsdStat.nowValue[op];
  *pHighwater = wsdStat.mxValue[op];
  if( resetFlag ){
    wsdStat.mxValue[op] = wsdStat.nowValue[op];
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
................................................................................
  sqlite3 *db,          /* The database connection whose status is desired */
  int op,               /* Status verb */
  int *pCurrent,        /* Write current value here */
  int *pHighwater,      /* Write high-water mark here */
  int resetFlag         /* Reset high-water mark if true */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;   /* Return code */





  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  switch( op ){
    case SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_USED: {
      *pCurrent = db->lookaside.nOut;
      *pHighwater = db->lookaside.mxOut;
      if( resetFlag ){
        db->lookaside.mxOut = db->lookaside.nOut;
................................................................................
** This file contains the C functions that implement date and time
** functions for SQLite.  
**
** There is only one exported symbol in this file - the function
** sqlite3RegisterDateTimeFunctions() found at the bottom of the file.
** All other code has file scope.
**
** SQLite processes all times and dates as Julian Day numbers.  The
** dates and times are stored as the number of days since noon
** in Greenwich on November 24, 4714 B.C. according to the Gregorian
** calendar system. 
**
** 1970-01-01 00:00:00 is JD 2440587.5
** 2000-01-01 00:00:00 is JD 2451544.5
**
................................................................................
** This implementation requires years to be expressed as a 4-digit number
** which means that only dates between 0000-01-01 and 9999-12-31 can
** be represented, even though julian day numbers allow a much wider
** range of dates.
**
** The Gregorian calendar system is used for all dates and times,
** even those that predate the Gregorian calendar.  Historians usually
** use the Julian calendar for dates prior to 1582-10-15 and for some
** dates afterwards, depending on locale.  Beware of this difference.
**
** The conversion algorithms are implemented based on descriptions
** in the following text:
**
**      Jean Meeus
**      Astronomical Algorithms, 2nd Edition, 1998
................................................................................
    return 0;
  }else{
    return 1;
  }
}

/*
** Attempt to parse the given string into a Julian Day Number.  Return
** the number of errors.
**
** The following are acceptable forms for the input string:
**
**      YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS.FFF  +/-HH:MM
**      DDDD.DD 
**      now
................................................................................
**
** See http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/a442x3ye(VS.80).aspx.
**
** If the user has not indicated to use localtime_r() or localtime_s()
** already, check for an MSVC build environment that provides 
** localtime_s().
*/
#if !defined(HAVE_LOCALTIME_R) && !defined(HAVE_LOCALTIME_S) && \
     defined(_MSC_VER) && defined(_CRT_INSECURE_DEPRECATE)

#define HAVE_LOCALTIME_S 1
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_LOCALTIME
/*
** The following routine implements the rough equivalent of localtime_r()
** using whatever operating-system specific localtime facility that
................................................................................
**
** EVIDENCE-OF: R-62172-00036 In this implementation, the standard C
** library function localtime_r() is used to assist in the calculation of
** local time.
*/
static int osLocaltime(time_t *t, struct tm *pTm){
  int rc;
#if (!defined(HAVE_LOCALTIME_R) || !HAVE_LOCALTIME_R) \
      && (!defined(HAVE_LOCALTIME_S) || !HAVE_LOCALTIME_S)
  struct tm *pX;
#if SQLITE_THREADSAFE>0
  sqlite3_mutex *mutex = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER);
#endif
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(mutex);
  pX = localtime(t);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST
................................................................................
  if( pX ) *pTm = *pX;
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(mutex);
  rc = pX==0;
#else
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST
  if( sqlite3GlobalConfig.bLocaltimeFault ) return 1;
#endif
#if defined(HAVE_LOCALTIME_R) && HAVE_LOCALTIME_R
  rc = localtime_r(t, pTm)==0;
#else
  rc = localtime_s(pTm, t);
#endif /* HAVE_LOCALTIME_R */
#endif /* HAVE_LOCALTIME_R || HAVE_LOCALTIME_S */
  return rc;
}
................................................................................
**
** Return a string described by FORMAT.  Conversions as follows:
**
**   %d  day of month
**   %f  ** fractional seconds  SS.SSS
**   %H  hour 00-24
**   %j  day of year 000-366
**   %J  ** Julian day number
**   %m  month 01-12
**   %M  minute 00-59
**   %s  seconds since 1970-01-01
**   %S  seconds 00-59
**   %w  day of week 0-6  sunday==0
**   %W  week of year 00-53
**   %Y  year 0000-9999
................................................................................
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  DateTime x;
  u64 n;
  size_t i,j;
  char *z;
  sqlite3 *db;
  const char *zFmt = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
  char zBuf[100];


  if( zFmt==0 || isDate(context, argc-1, argv+1, &x) ) return;
  db = sqlite3_context_db_handle(context);
  for(i=0, n=1; zFmt[i]; i++, n++){
    if( zFmt[i]=='%' ){
      switch( zFmt[i+1] ){
        case 'd':
        case 'H':
................................................................................

  UNUSED_PARAMETER(argc);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(argv);

  iT = sqlite3StmtCurrentTime(context);
  if( iT<=0 ) return;
  t = iT/1000 - 10000*(sqlite3_int64)21086676;
#ifdef HAVE_GMTIME_R
  pTm = gmtime_r(&t, &sNow);
#else
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER));
  pTm = gmtime(&t);
  if( pTm ) memcpy(&sNow, pTm, sizeof(sNow));
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER));
#endif
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_vfs_register(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, int makeDflt){
  MUTEX_LOGIC(sqlite3_mutex *mutex;)
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINIT
  int rc = sqlite3_initialize();
  if( rc ) return rc;
#endif




  MUTEX_LOGIC( mutex = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER); )
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(mutex);
  vfsUnlink(pVfs);
  if( makeDflt || vfsList==0 ){
    pVfs->pNext = vfsList;
    vfsList = pVfs;
  }else{
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_FREE(x)               free(x)
#define SQLITE_REALLOC(x,y)          realloc((x),(y))

/*
** The malloc.h header file is needed for malloc_usable_size() function
** on some systems (e.g. Linux).
*/
#if defined(HAVE_MALLOC_H) && defined(HAVE_MALLOC_USABLE_SIZE)
#  define SQLITE_USE_MALLOC_H
#  define SQLITE_USE_MALLOC_USABLE_SIZE
/*
** The MSVCRT has malloc_usable_size(), but it is called _msize().  The
** use of _msize() is automatic, but can be disabled by compiling with
** -DSQLITE_WITHOUT_MSIZE.  Using the _msize() function also requires
** the malloc.h header file.
*/
#elif defined(_MSC_VER) && !defined(SQLITE_WITHOUT_MSIZE)
................................................................................

/*
** Retrieve a pointer to a static mutex or allocate a new dynamic one.
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3_mutex *sqlite3_mutex_alloc(int id){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINIT
  if( id<=SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE && sqlite3_initialize() ) return 0;

#endif
  return sqlite3GlobalConfig.mutex.xMutexAlloc(id);
}

SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3_mutex *sqlite3MutexAlloc(int id){
  if( !sqlite3GlobalConfig.bCoreMutex ){
    return 0;
................................................................................
        p->id = iType;
#endif
        pthread_mutex_init(&p->mutex, 0);
      }
      break;
    }
    default: {
      assert( iType-2 >= 0 );
      assert( iType-2 < ArraySize(staticMutexes) );




      p = &staticMutexes[iType-2];
#if SQLITE_MUTEX_NREF
      p->id = iType;
#endif
      break;
    }
  }
................................................................................
#else
        InitializeCriticalSection(&p->mutex);
#endif
      }
      break;
    }
    default: {






      assert( iType-2 >= 0 );
      assert( iType-2 < ArraySize(winMutex_staticMutexes) );
      assert( winMutex_isInit==1 );
      p = &winMutex_staticMutexes[iType-2];
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
      p->id = iType;
#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_MUTEX_TRACE_STATIC
................................................................................
    }
    sqlite3MemdebugSetType(p, MEMTYPE_SCRATCH);
  }
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_notheld(mem0.mutex) );


#if SQLITE_THREADSAFE==0 && !defined(NDEBUG)
  /* Verify that no more than two scratch allocations per thread
  ** are outstanding at one time.  (This is only checked in the
  ** single-threaded case since checking in the multi-threaded case
  ** would be much more complicated.) */

  assert( scratchAllocOut<=1 );
  if( p ) scratchAllocOut++;
#endif

  return p;
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ScratchFree(void *p){
  if( p ){
................................................................................
**************************************************************************
**
** This file contains code for a set of "printf"-like routines.  These
** routines format strings much like the printf() from the standard C
** library, though the implementation here has enhancements to support
** SQLlite.
*/

/*
** If the strchrnul() library function is available, then set
** HAVE_STRCHRNUL.  If that routine is not available, this module
** will supply its own.  The built-in version is slower than
** the glibc version so the glibc version is definitely preferred.
*/
#if !defined(HAVE_STRCHRNUL)
# define HAVE_STRCHRNUL 0
#endif


/*
** Conversion types fall into various categories as defined by the
** following enumeration.
*/
#define etRADIX       1 /* Integer types.  %d, %x, %o, and so forth */
#define etFLOAT       2 /* Floating point.  %f */
................................................................................
  double rounder;            /* Used for rounding floating point values */
  etByte flag_dp;            /* True if decimal point should be shown */
  etByte flag_rtz;           /* True if trailing zeros should be removed */
#endif
  PrintfArguments *pArgList = 0; /* Arguments for SQLITE_PRINTF_SQLFUNC */
  char buf[etBUFSIZE];       /* Conversion buffer */








  bufpt = 0;
  if( bFlags ){
    if( (bArgList = (bFlags & SQLITE_PRINTF_SQLFUNC))!=0 ){
      pArgList = va_arg(ap, PrintfArguments*);
    }
    useIntern = bFlags & SQLITE_PRINTF_INTERNAL;
  }else{
................................................................................
    N = p->nAlloc - p->nChar - 1;
    setStrAccumError(p, STRACCUM_TOOBIG);
    return N;
  }else{
    char *zOld = (p->zText==p->zBase ? 0 : p->zText);
    i64 szNew = p->nChar;
    szNew += N + 1;





    if( szNew > p->mxAlloc ){
      sqlite3StrAccumReset(p);
      setStrAccumError(p, STRACCUM_TOOBIG);
      return 0;
    }else{
      p->nAlloc = (int)szNew;
    }
................................................................................
    }else{
      zNew = sqlite3_realloc(zOld, p->nAlloc);
    }
    if( zNew ){
      assert( p->zText!=0 || p->nChar==0 );
      if( zOld==0 && p->nChar>0 ) memcpy(zNew, p->zText, p->nChar);
      p->zText = zNew;

    }else{
      sqlite3StrAccumReset(p);
      setStrAccumError(p, STRACCUM_NOMEM);
      return 0;
    }
  }
  return N;
................................................................................
** Print into memory obtained from sqlite3_malloc().  Omit the internal
** %-conversion extensions.
*/
SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_vmprintf(const char *zFormat, va_list ap){
  char *z;
  char zBase[SQLITE_PRINT_BUF_SIZE];
  StrAccum acc;







#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINIT
  if( sqlite3_initialize() ) return 0;
#endif
  sqlite3StrAccumInit(&acc, zBase, sizeof(zBase), SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH);
  acc.useMalloc = 2;
  sqlite3VXPrintf(&acc, 0, zFormat, ap);
  z = sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&acc);
................................................................................
** mistake.
**
** sqlite3_vsnprintf() is the varargs version.
*/
SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_vsnprintf(int n, char *zBuf, const char *zFormat, va_list ap){
  StrAccum acc;
  if( n<=0 ) return zBuf;







  sqlite3StrAccumInit(&acc, zBuf, n, 0);
  acc.useMalloc = 0;
  sqlite3VXPrintf(&acc, 0, zFormat, ap);
  return sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&acc);
}
SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_snprintf(int n, char *zBuf, const char *zFormat, ...){
  char *z;
................................................................................
  struct sqlite3PrngType *p = &GLOBAL(struct sqlite3PrngType, sqlite3Prng);
# define wsdPrng p[0]
#else
# define wsdPrng sqlite3Prng
#endif

#if SQLITE_THREADSAFE








  sqlite3_mutex *mutex = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PRNG);
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(mutex);
#endif


  if( N<=0 ){
    wsdPrng.isInit = 0;
    sqlite3_mutex_leave(mutex);
    return;
  }

  /* Initialize the state of the random number generator once,
  ** the first time this routine is called.  The seed value does
................................................................................
** "thread" is done by the main thread at either the sqlite3ThreadCreate()
** or sqlite3ThreadJoin() call.  This is, in fact, what happens in
** single threaded systems.  Nothing in SQLite requires multiple threads.
** This interface exists so that applications that want to take advantage
** of multiple cores can do so, while also allowing applications to stay
** single-threaded if desired.
*/



#if SQLITE_MAX_WORKER_THREADS>0

/********************************* Unix Pthreads ****************************/
#if SQLITE_OS_UNIX && defined(SQLITE_MUTEX_PTHREADS) && SQLITE_THREADSAFE>0

#define SQLITE_THREADS_IMPLEMENTED 1  /* Prevent the single-thread code below */
................................................................................
** Utility functions used throughout sqlite.
**
** This file contains functions for allocating memory, comparing
** strings, and stuff like that.
**
*/
/* #include <stdarg.h> */
#ifdef SQLITE_HAVE_ISNAN
# include <math.h>
#endif

/*
** Routine needed to support the testcase() macro.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_COVERAGE_TEST
................................................................................
** Return true if the floating point value is Not a Number (NaN).
**
** Use the math library isnan() function if compiled with SQLITE_HAVE_ISNAN.
** Otherwise, we have our own implementation that works on most systems.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IsNaN(double x){
  int rc;   /* The value return */
#if !defined(SQLITE_HAVE_ISNAN)
  /*
  ** Systems that support the isnan() library function should probably
  ** make use of it by compiling with -DSQLITE_HAVE_ISNAN.  But we have
  ** found that many systems do not have a working isnan() function so
  ** this implementation is provided as an alternative.
  **
  ** This NaN test sometimes fails if compiled on GCC with -ffast-math.
................................................................................
  */
#ifdef __FAST_MATH__
# error SQLite will not work correctly with the -ffast-math option of GCC.
#endif
  volatile double y = x;
  volatile double z = y;
  rc = (y!=z);
#else  /* if defined(SQLITE_HAVE_ISNAN) */
  rc = isnan(x);
#endif /* SQLITE_HAVE_ISNAN */
  testcase( rc );
  return rc;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT */

/*
** Compute a string length that is limited to what can be stored in
................................................................................
** sqlite3_strnicmp() APIs allow applications and extensions to compare
** the contents of two buffers containing UTF-8 strings in a
** case-independent fashion, using the same definition of "case
** independence" that SQLite uses internally when comparing identifiers.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_stricmp(const char *zLeft, const char *zRight){
  register unsigned char *a, *b;





  a = (unsigned char *)zLeft;
  b = (unsigned char *)zRight;
  while( *a!=0 && UpperToLower[*a]==UpperToLower[*b]){ a++; b++; }
  return UpperToLower[*a] - UpperToLower[*b];
}
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_strnicmp(const char *zLeft, const char *zRight, int N){
  register unsigned char *a, *b;





  a = (unsigned char *)zLeft;
  b = (unsigned char *)zRight;
  while( N-- > 0 && *a!=0 && UpperToLower[*a]==UpperToLower[*b]){ a++; b++; }
  return N<0 ? 0 : UpperToLower[*a] - UpperToLower[*b];
}

/*
................................................................................
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_fullsync_count = 0;
#endif

/*
** We do not trust systems to provide a working fdatasync().  Some do.
** Others do no.  To be safe, we will stick with the (slightly slower)
** fsync(). If you know that your system does support fdatasync() correctly,
** then simply compile with -Dfdatasync=fdatasync
*/
#if !defined(fdatasync)
# define fdatasync fsync
#endif

/*
** Define HAVE_FULLFSYNC to 0 or 1 depending on whether or not
** the F_FULLFSYNC macro is defined.  F_FULLFSYNC is currently
** only available on Mac OS X.  But that could change.
................................................................................
      ** or an error number on  failure". See the manpage for details. */
      int err;
      do{
        err = osFallocate(pFile->h, buf.st_size, nSize-buf.st_size);
      }while( err==EINTR );
      if( err ) return SQLITE_IOERR_WRITE;
#else
      /* If the OS does not have posix_fallocate(), fake it. First use
      ** ftruncate() to set the file size, then write a single byte to
      ** the last byte in each block within the extended region. This
      ** is the same technique used by glibc to implement posix_fallocate()

      ** on systems that do not have a real fallocate() system call.
      */
      int nBlk = buf.st_blksize;  /* File-system block size */

      i64 iWrite;                 /* Next offset to write to */

      if( robust_ftruncate(pFile->h, nSize) ){
        pFile->lastErrno = errno;
        return unixLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_TRUNCATE, "ftruncate", pFile->zPath);
      }
      iWrite = ((buf.st_size + 2*nBlk - 1)/nBlk)*nBlk-1;



      while( iWrite<nSize ){
        int nWrite = seekAndWrite(pFile, iWrite, "", 1);
        if( nWrite!=1 ) return SQLITE_IOERR_WRITE;
        iWrite += nBlk;




      }
#endif
    }
  }

#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
  if( pFile->mmapSizeMax>0 && nByte>pFile->mmapSize ){
................................................................................
** available in Windows platforms based on the NT kernel.
*/
#if !SQLITE_OS_WINNT && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL)
#  error "WAL mode requires support from the Windows NT kernel, compile\
 with SQLITE_OMIT_WAL."
#endif






/*
** Are most of the Win32 ANSI APIs available (i.e. with certain exceptions
** based on the sub-platform)?
*/
#if !SQLITE_OS_WINCE && !SQLITE_OS_WINRT && !defined(SQLITE_WIN32_NO_ANSI)
#  define SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI
#endif
................................................................................
*/
#ifndef winGetDirSep
#  define winGetDirSep()                '\\'
#endif

/*
** Do we need to manually define the Win32 file mapping APIs for use with WAL
** mode (e.g. these APIs are available in the Windows CE SDK; however, they
** are not present in the header file)?
*/
#if SQLITE_WIN32_FILEMAPPING_API && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL)

/*
** Two of the file mapping APIs are different under WinRT.  Figure out which
** set we need.
*/
#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
WINBASEAPI HANDLE WINAPI CreateFileMappingFromApp(HANDLE, \
        LPSECURITY_ATTRIBUTES, ULONG, ULONG64, LPCWSTR);
................................................................................
WINBASEAPI LPVOID WINAPI MapViewOfFile(HANDLE, DWORD, DWORD, DWORD, SIZE_T);
#endif /* SQLITE_OS_WINRT */

/*
** This file mapping API is common to both Win32 and WinRT.
*/
WINBASEAPI BOOL WINAPI UnmapViewOfFile(LPCVOID);
#endif /* SQLITE_WIN32_FILEMAPPING_API && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL) */

/*
** Some Microsoft compilers lack this definition.
*/
#ifndef INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES
# define INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES ((DWORD)-1)
#endif
................................................................................
  { "CreateFileW",             (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osCreateFileW ((HANDLE(WINAPI*)(LPCWSTR,DWORD,DWORD, \
        LPSECURITY_ATTRIBUTES,DWORD,DWORD,HANDLE))aSyscall[5].pCurrent)

#if (!SQLITE_OS_WINRT && defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI) && \
        !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL))
  { "CreateFileMappingA",      (SYSCALL)CreateFileMappingA,      0 },
#else
  { "CreateFileMappingA",      (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osCreateFileMappingA ((HANDLE(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,LPSECURITY_ATTRIBUTES, \
        DWORD,DWORD,DWORD,LPCSTR))aSyscall[6].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE || (!SQLITE_OS_WINRT && defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_WIDE) && \
        !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL))
  { "CreateFileMappingW",      (SYSCALL)CreateFileMappingW,      0 },
#else
  { "CreateFileMappingW",      (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osCreateFileMappingW ((HANDLE(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,LPSECURITY_ATTRIBUTES, \
        DWORD,DWORD,DWORD,LPCWSTR))aSyscall[7].pCurrent)
................................................................................
#endif

#ifndef osLockFileEx
#define osLockFileEx ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD, \
        LPOVERLAPPED))aSyscall[48].pCurrent)
#endif

#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE || (!SQLITE_OS_WINRT && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL))

  { "MapViewOfFile",           (SYSCALL)MapViewOfFile,           0 },
#else
  { "MapViewOfFile",           (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osMapViewOfFile ((LPVOID(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD, \
        SIZE_T))aSyscall[49].pCurrent)
................................................................................
#else
  { "UnlockFileEx",            (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osUnlockFileEx ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD, \
        LPOVERLAPPED))aSyscall[58].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL)
  { "UnmapViewOfFile",         (SYSCALL)UnmapViewOfFile,         0 },
#else
  { "UnmapViewOfFile",         (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osUnmapViewOfFile ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(LPCVOID))aSyscall[59].pCurrent)

................................................................................
#else
  { "GetFileInformationByHandleEx", (SYSCALL)0,                  0 },
#endif

#define osGetFileInformationByHandleEx ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE, \
        FILE_INFO_BY_HANDLE_CLASS,LPVOID,DWORD))aSyscall[66].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL)
  { "MapViewOfFileFromApp",    (SYSCALL)MapViewOfFileFromApp,    0 },
#else
  { "MapViewOfFileFromApp",    (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osMapViewOfFileFromApp ((LPVOID(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,ULONG,ULONG64, \
        SIZE_T))aSyscall[67].pCurrent)
................................................................................

#define osOutputDebugStringW ((VOID(WINAPI*)(LPCWSTR))aSyscall[73].pCurrent)

  { "GetProcessHeap",          (SYSCALL)GetProcessHeap,          0 },

#define osGetProcessHeap ((HANDLE(WINAPI*)(VOID))aSyscall[74].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL)
  { "CreateFileMappingFromApp", (SYSCALL)CreateFileMappingFromApp, 0 },
#else
  { "CreateFileMappingFromApp", (SYSCALL)0,                      0 },
#endif

#define osCreateFileMappingFromApp ((HANDLE(WINAPI*)(HANDLE, \
        LPSECURITY_ATTRIBUTES,ULONG,ULONG64,LPCWSTR))aSyscall[75].pCurrent)
................................................................................
** the sqlite3_memory_used() function does not return zero, SQLITE_BUSY will
** be returned and no changes will be made to the Win32 native heap.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_win32_reset_heap(){
  int rc;
  MUTEX_LOGIC( sqlite3_mutex *pMaster; ) /* The main static mutex */
  MUTEX_LOGIC( sqlite3_mutex *pMem; )    /* The memsys static mutex */
  MUTEX_LOGIC( pMaster = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER); )
  MUTEX_LOGIC( pMem = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM); )
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(pMaster);
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(pMem);
  winMemAssertMagic();
  if( winMemGetHeap()!=NULL && winMemGetOwned() && sqlite3_memory_used()==0 ){
    /*
    ** At this point, there should be no outstanding memory allocations on
    ** the heap.  Also, since both the master and memsys locks are currently
................................................................................
*/
static int winRead(
  sqlite3_file *id,          /* File to read from */
  void *pBuf,                /* Write content into this buffer */
  int amt,                   /* Number of bytes to read */
  sqlite3_int64 offset       /* Begin reading at this offset */
){
#if !SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  OVERLAPPED overlapped;          /* The offset for ReadFile. */
#endif
  winFile *pFile = (winFile*)id;  /* file handle */
  DWORD nRead;                    /* Number of bytes actually read from file */
  int nRetry = 0;                 /* Number of retrys */

  assert( id!=0 );
................................................................................
      pBuf = &((u8 *)pBuf)[nCopy];
      amt -= nCopy;
      offset += nCopy;
    }
  }
#endif

#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  if( winSeekFile(pFile, offset) ){
    OSTRACE(("READ file=%p, rc=SQLITE_FULL\n", pFile->h));
    return SQLITE_FULL;
  }
  while( !osReadFile(pFile->h, pBuf, amt, &nRead, 0) ){
#else
  memset(&overlapped, 0, sizeof(OVERLAPPED));
................................................................................
      pBuf = &((u8 *)pBuf)[nCopy];
      amt -= nCopy;
      offset += nCopy;
    }
  }
#endif

#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  rc = winSeekFile(pFile, offset);
  if( rc==0 ){
#else
  {
#endif
#if !SQLITE_OS_WINCE
    OVERLAPPED overlapped;        /* The offset for WriteFile. */
#endif
    u8 *aRem = (u8 *)pBuf;        /* Data yet to be written */
    int nRem = amt;               /* Number of bytes yet to be written */
    DWORD nWrite;                 /* Bytes written by each WriteFile() call */
    DWORD lastErrno = NO_ERROR;   /* Value returned by GetLastError() */

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINCE
    memset(&overlapped, 0, sizeof(OVERLAPPED));
    overlapped.Offset = (LONG)(offset & 0xffffffff);
    overlapped.OffsetHigh = (LONG)((offset>>32) & 0x7fffffff);
#endif

    while( nRem>0 ){
#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
      if( !osWriteFile(pFile->h, aRem, nRem, &nWrite, 0) ){
#else
      if( !osWriteFile(pFile->h, aRem, nRem, &nWrite, &overlapped) ){
#endif
        if( winRetryIoerr(&nRetry, &lastErrno) ) continue;
        break;
      }
      assert( nWrite==0 || nWrite<=(DWORD)nRem );
      if( nWrite==0 || nWrite>(DWORD)nRem ){
        lastErrno = osGetLastError();
        break;
      }
#if !SQLITE_OS_WINCE
      offset += nWrite;
      overlapped.Offset = (LONG)(offset & 0xffffffff);
      overlapped.OffsetHigh = (LONG)((offset>>32) & 0x7fffffff);
#endif
      aRem += nWrite;
      nRem -= nWrite;
    }
................................................................................
  u8 eCreate;                         /* eCreate value for for xFetch() */
  int (*xStress)(void*,PgHdr*);       /* Call to try make a page clean */
  void *pStress;                      /* Argument to xStress */
  sqlite3_pcache *pCache;             /* Pluggable cache module */
  PgHdr *pPage1;                      /* Reference to page 1 */
};

/*
** Some of the assert() macros in this code are too expensive to run
** even during normal debugging.  Use them only rarely on long-running
** tests.  Enable the expensive asserts using the
** -DSQLITE_ENABLE_EXPENSIVE_ASSERT=1 compile-time option.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPENSIVE_ASSERT
# define expensive_assert(X)  assert(X)
#else
# define expensive_assert(X)
#endif

/********************************** Linked List Management ********************/

/* Allowed values for second argument to pcacheManageDirtyList() */
#define PCACHE_DIRTYLIST_REMOVE   1    /* Remove pPage from dirty list */
#define PCACHE_DIRTYLIST_ADD      2    /* Add pPage to the dirty list */
#define PCACHE_DIRTYLIST_FRONT    3    /* Move pPage to the front of the list */

................................................................................
** are no outstanding page references when this function is called.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PcacheSetPageSize(PCache *pCache, int szPage){
  assert( pCache->nRef==0 && pCache->pDirty==0 );
  if( pCache->szPage ){
    sqlite3_pcache *pNew;
    pNew = sqlite3GlobalConfig.pcache2.xCreate(
                szPage, pCache->szExtra + sizeof(PgHdr), pCache->bPurgeable

    );
    if( pNew==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    sqlite3GlobalConfig.pcache2.xCachesize(pNew, numberOfCachePages(pCache));
    if( pCache->pCache ){
      sqlite3GlobalConfig.pcache2.xDestroy(pCache->pCache);
    }
    pCache->pCache = pNew;
................................................................................
/*
** Free up as much memory as possible from the page cache.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PcacheShrink(PCache *pCache){
  assert( pCache->pCache!=0 );
  sqlite3GlobalConfig.pcache2.xShrink(pCache->pCache);
}








#if defined(SQLITE_CHECK_PAGES) || defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
/*
** For all dirty pages currently in the cache, invoke the specified
** callback. This is only used if the SQLITE_CHECK_PAGES macro is
** defined.
*/
................................................................................
  p = sqlite3Malloc(sizeof(PgHdr1) + pCache->szExtra);
  if( !pPg || !p ){
    pcache1Free(pPg);
    sqlite3_free(p);
    pPg = 0;
  }
#else
  pPg = pcache1Alloc(sizeof(PgHdr1) + pCache->szPage + pCache->szExtra);
  p = (PgHdr1 *)&((u8 *)pPg)[pCache->szPage];
#endif
  pcache1EnterMutex(pCache->pGroup);

  if( pPg ){
    p->page.pBuf = pPg;
    p->page.pExtra = &p[1];
................................................................................
    pcache1Truncate,         /* xTruncate */
    pcache1Destroy,          /* xDestroy */
    pcache1Shrink            /* xShrink */
  };
  sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE2, &defaultMethods);
}






#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT
/*
** This function is called to free superfluous dynamically allocated memory
** held by the pager system. Memory in use by any SQLite pager allocated
** by the current thread may be sqlite3_free()ed.
**
** nReq is the number of bytes of memory required. Once this much has
................................................................................
  */
  u8 eState;                  /* Pager state (OPEN, READER, WRITER_LOCKED..) */
  u8 eLock;                   /* Current lock held on database file */
  u8 changeCountDone;         /* Set after incrementing the change-counter */
  u8 setMaster;               /* True if a m-j name has been written to jrnl */
  u8 doNotSpill;              /* Do not spill the cache when non-zero */
  u8 subjInMemory;            /* True to use in-memory sub-journals */


  Pgno dbSize;                /* Number of pages in the database */
  Pgno dbOrigSize;            /* dbSize before the current transaction */
  Pgno dbFileSize;            /* Number of pages in the database file */
  Pgno dbHintSize;            /* Value passed to FCNTL_SIZE_HINT call */
  int errCode;                /* One of several kinds of errors */
  int nRec;                   /* Pages journalled since last j-header written */
  u32 cksumInit;              /* Quasi-random value added to every checksum */
................................................................................
  sqlite3_file *jfd;          /* File descriptor for main journal */
  sqlite3_file *sjfd;         /* File descriptor for sub-journal */
  i64 journalOff;             /* Current write offset in the journal file */
  i64 journalHdr;             /* Byte offset to previous journal header */
  sqlite3_backup *pBackup;    /* Pointer to list of ongoing backup processes */
  PagerSavepoint *aSavepoint; /* Array of active savepoints */
  int nSavepoint;             /* Number of elements in aSavepoint[] */

  char dbFileVers[16];        /* Changes whenever database file changes */

  u8 bUseFetch;               /* True to use xFetch() */
  int nMmapOut;               /* Number of mmap pages currently outstanding */
  sqlite3_int64 szMmap;       /* Desired maximum mmap size */
  PgHdr *pMmapFreelist;       /* List of free mmap page headers (pDirty) */
  /*
  ** End of the routinely-changing class members
  ***************************************************************************/

................................................................................
  return rc;
}

/*
** Discard the entire contents of the in-memory page-cache.
*/
static void pager_reset(Pager *pPager){

  sqlite3BackupRestart(pPager->pBackup);
  sqlite3PcacheClear(pPager->pPCache);
}









/*
** Free all structures in the Pager.aSavepoint[] array and set both
** Pager.aSavepoint and Pager.nSavepoint to zero. Close the sub-journal
** if it is open and the pager is not in exclusive mode.
*/
static void releaseAllSavepoints(Pager *pPager){
................................................................................
      ** of bytes 24..39 of the database.  Bytes 28..31 should always be
      ** zero or the size of the database in page. Bytes 32..35 and 35..39
      ** should be page numbers which are never 0xffffffff.  So filling
      ** pPager->dbFileVers[] with all 0xff bytes should suffice.
      **
      ** For an encrypted database, the situation is more complex:  bytes
      ** 24..39 of the database are white noise.  But the probability of
      ** white noising equaling 16 bytes of 0xff is vanishingly small so
      ** we should still be ok.
      */
      memset(pPager->dbFileVers, 0xff, sizeof(pPager->dbFileVers));
    }else{
      u8 *dbFileVers = &((u8*)pPg->pData)[24];
      memcpy(&pPager->dbFileVers, dbFileVers, sizeof(pPager->dbFileVers));
    }
................................................................................
static int pagerAcquireMapPage(
  Pager *pPager,                  /* Pager object */
  Pgno pgno,                      /* Page number */
  void *pData,                    /* xFetch()'d data for this page */
  PgHdr **ppPage                  /* OUT: Acquired page object */
){
  PgHdr *p;                       /* Memory mapped page to return */

  if( pPager->pMmapFreelist ){
    *ppPage = p = pPager->pMmapFreelist;
    pPager->pMmapFreelist = p->pDirty;
    p->pDirty = 0;
    memset(p->pExtra, 0, pPager->nExtra);
  }else{
    *ppPage = p = (PgHdr *)sqlite3MallocZero(sizeof(PgHdr) + pPager->nExtra);
................................................................................

      assert( pPager->eState==PAGER_OPEN );
      assert( (pPager->eLock==SHARED_LOCK)
           || (pPager->exclusiveMode && pPager->eLock>SHARED_LOCK)
      );
    }

    if( !pPager->tempFile && (
        pPager->pBackup 
     || sqlite3PcachePagecount(pPager->pPCache)>0 
     || USEFETCH(pPager)
    )){
      /* The shared-lock has just been acquired on the database file
      ** and there are already pages in the cache (from a previous
      ** read or write transaction).  Check to see if the database
      ** has been modified.  If the database has changed, flush the
      ** cache.
      **
      ** Database changes is detected by looking at 15 bytes beginning
      ** at offset 24 into the file.  The first 4 of these 16 bytes are
      ** a 32-bit counter that is incremented with each change.  The
      ** other bytes change randomly with each file change when
      ** a codec is in use.
      ** 
................................................................................
  assert( pPager->eState>=PAGER_READER );
  assert( assert_pager_state(pPager) );
  assert( noContent==0 || bMmapOk==0 );

  if( pgno==0 ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }


  /* If the pager is in the error state, return an error immediately. 
  ** Otherwise, request the page from the PCache layer. */
  if( pPager->errCode!=SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = pPager->errCode;
  }else{
    if( bMmapOk && pagerUseWal(pPager) ){
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE DbPage *sqlite3PagerLookup(Pager *pPager, Pgno pgno){
  sqlite3_pcache_page *pPage;
  assert( pPager!=0 );
  assert( pgno!=0 );
  assert( pPager->pPCache!=0 );
  pPage = sqlite3PcacheFetch(pPager->pPCache, pgno, 0);

  return sqlite3PcacheFetchFinish(pPager->pPCache, pgno, pPage);
}

/*
** Release a page reference.
**
** If the number of references to the page drop to zero, then the
................................................................................
  ){
    assert( pPager->journalOff==JOURNAL_HDR_SZ(pPager) || !pPager->journalOff );
    pPager->eState = PAGER_READER;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  PAGERTRACE(("COMMIT %d\n", PAGERID(pPager)));

  rc = pager_end_transaction(pPager, pPager->setMaster, 1);
  return pager_error(pPager, rc);
}

/*
** If a write transaction is open, then all changes made within the 
** transaction are reverted and the current write-transaction is closed.
................................................................................
    sqlite3PcacheMakeDirty(pPgHdr);
    sqlite3PagerUnrefNotNull(pPgHdr);
  }

  return SQLITE_OK;
}
#endif













/*
** Return a pointer to the data for the specified page.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3PagerGetData(DbPage *pPg){
  assert( pPg->nRef>0 || pPg->pPager->memDb );
  return pPg->pData;
................................................................................
**
** Parameter eMode is one of SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE, FULL or RESTART.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerCheckpoint(Pager *pPager, int eMode, int *pnLog, int *pnCkpt){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  if( pPager->pWal ){
    rc = sqlite3WalCheckpoint(pPager->pWal, eMode,

        pPager->xBusyHandler, pPager->pBusyHandlerArg,
        pPager->ckptSyncFlags, pPager->pageSize, (u8 *)pPager->pTmpSpace,
        pnLog, pnCkpt
    );
  }
  return rc;
}

................................................................................
** is empty, return 0.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerWalFramesize(Pager *pPager){
  assert( pPager->eState>=PAGER_READER );
  return sqlite3WalFramesize(pPager->pWal);
}
#endif


#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_DISKIO */

/************** End of pager.c ***********************************************/
/************** Begin file wal.c *********************************************/
/*
** 2010 February 1
................................................................................
#endif
}

/* 
** Free an iterator allocated by walIteratorInit().
*/
static void walIteratorFree(WalIterator *p){
  sqlite3ScratchFree(p);
}

/*
** Construct a WalInterator object that can be used to loop over all 
** pages in the WAL in ascending order. The caller must hold the checkpoint
** lock.
**
................................................................................
  iLast = pWal->hdr.mxFrame;

  /* Allocate space for the WalIterator object. */
  nSegment = walFramePage(iLast) + 1;
  nByte = sizeof(WalIterator) 
        + (nSegment-1)*sizeof(struct WalSegment)
        + iLast*sizeof(ht_slot);
  p = (WalIterator *)sqlite3ScratchMalloc(nByte);
  if( !p ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  memset(p, 0, nByte);
  p->nSegment = nSegment;

  /* Allocate temporary space used by the merge-sort routine. This block
  ** of memory will be freed before this function returns.
  */
  aTmp = (ht_slot *)sqlite3ScratchMalloc(
      sizeof(ht_slot) * (iLast>HASHTABLE_NPAGE?HASHTABLE_NPAGE:iLast)
  );
  if( !aTmp ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }

  for(i=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<nSegment; i++){
................................................................................
      walMergesort((u32 *)aPgno, aTmp, aIndex, &nEntry);
      p->aSegment[i].iZero = iZero;
      p->aSegment[i].nEntry = nEntry;
      p->aSegment[i].aIndex = aIndex;
      p->aSegment[i].aPgno = (u32 *)aPgno;
    }
  }
  sqlite3ScratchFree(aTmp);

  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    walIteratorFree(p);
  }
  *pp = p;
  return rc;
}
................................................................................
/*
** The cache of the wal-index header must be valid to call this function.
** Return the page-size in bytes used by the database.
*/
static int walPagesize(Wal *pWal){
  return (pWal->hdr.szPage&0xfe00) + ((pWal->hdr.szPage&0x0001)<<16);
}

































/*
** Copy as much content as we can from the WAL back into the database file
** in response to an sqlite3_wal_checkpoint() request or the equivalent.
**
** The amount of information copies from WAL to database might be limited
** by active readers.  This routine will never overwrite a database page
................................................................................
** The caller must be holding sufficient locks to ensure that no other
** checkpoint is running (in any other thread or process) at the same
** time.
*/
static int walCheckpoint(
  Wal *pWal,                      /* Wal connection */
  int eMode,                      /* One of PASSIVE, FULL or RESTART */
  int (*xBusyCall)(void*),        /* Function to call when busy */
  void *pBusyArg,                 /* Context argument for xBusyHandler */
  int sync_flags,                 /* Flags for OsSync() (or 0) */
  u8 *zBuf                        /* Temporary buffer to use */
){
  int rc;                         /* Return code */
  int szPage;                     /* Database page-size */
  WalIterator *pIter = 0;         /* Wal iterator context */
  u32 iDbpage = 0;                /* Next database page to write */
  u32 iFrame = 0;                 /* Wal frame containing data for iDbpage */
  u32 mxSafeFrame;                /* Max frame that can be backfilled */
  u32 mxPage;                     /* Max database page to write */
  int i;                          /* Loop counter */
  volatile WalCkptInfo *pInfo;    /* The checkpoint status information */
  int (*xBusy)(void*) = 0;        /* Function to call when waiting for locks */

  szPage = walPagesize(pWal);
  testcase( szPage<=32768 );
  testcase( szPage>=65536 );
  pInfo = walCkptInfo(pWal);
  if( pInfo->nBackfill>=pWal->hdr.mxFrame ) return SQLITE_OK;

................................................................................
  /* Allocate the iterator */
  rc = walIteratorInit(pWal, &pIter);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    return rc;
  }
  assert( pIter );



  if( eMode!=SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE ) xBusy = xBusyCall;

  /* Compute in mxSafeFrame the index of the last frame of the WAL that is
  ** safe to write into the database.  Frames beyond mxSafeFrame might
  ** overwrite database pages that are in use by active readers and thus
  ** cannot be backfilled from the WAL.
  */
  mxSafeFrame = pWal->hdr.mxFrame;
................................................................................

  if( rc==SQLITE_BUSY ){
    /* Reset the return code so as not to report a checkpoint failure
    ** just because there are active readers.  */
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }

  /* If this is an SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_RESTART operation, and the entire wal
  ** file has been copied into the database file, then block until all
  ** readers have finished using the wal file. This ensures that the next
  ** process to write to the database restarts the wal file.
  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && eMode!=SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE ){
    assert( pWal->writeLock );
    if( pInfo->nBackfill<pWal->hdr.mxFrame ){
      rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
    }else if( eMode==SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_RESTART ){


      assert( mxSafeFrame==pWal->hdr.mxFrame );
      rc = walBusyLock(pWal, xBusy, pBusyArg, WAL_READ_LOCK(1), WAL_NREADER-1);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){

















        walUnlockExclusive(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(1), WAL_NREADER-1);
      }
    }
  }

 walcheckpoint_out:
  walIteratorFree(pIter);
................................................................................
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      return rc;
    }
    nCollide = HASHTABLE_NSLOT;
    for(iKey=walHash(pgno); aHash[iKey]; iKey=walNextHash(iKey)){
      u32 iFrame = aHash[iKey] + iZero;
      if( iFrame<=iLast && aPgno[aHash[iKey]]==pgno ){
        /* assert( iFrame>iRead ); -- not true if there is corruption */
        iRead = iFrame;
      }
      if( (nCollide--)==0 ){
        return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      }
    }
  }
................................................................................
    pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[1] = aWalData[2];
    walCleanupHash(pWal);
  }

  return rc;
}


/*
** This function is called just before writing a set of frames to the log
** file (see sqlite3WalFrames()). It checks to see if, instead of appending
** to the current log file, it is possible to overwrite the start of the
** existing log file with the new frames (i.e. "reset" the log). If so,
** it sets pWal->hdr.mxFrame to 0. Otherwise, pWal->hdr.mxFrame is left
** unchanged.
................................................................................
        ** readers are currently using the WAL), then the transactions
        ** frames will overwrite the start of the existing log. Update the
        ** wal-index header to reflect this.
        **
        ** In theory it would be Ok to update the cache of the header only
        ** at this point. But updating the actual wal-index header is also
        ** safe and means there is no special case for sqlite3WalUndo()
        ** to handle if this transaction is rolled back.
        */
        int i;                    /* Loop counter */
        u32 *aSalt = pWal->hdr.aSalt;       /* Big-endian salt values */

        pWal->nCkpt++;
        pWal->hdr.mxFrame = 0;
        sqlite3Put4byte((u8*)&aSalt[0], 1 + sqlite3Get4byte((u8*)&aSalt[0]));
        aSalt[1] = salt1;
        walIndexWriteHdr(pWal);
        pInfo->nBackfill = 0;
        pInfo->aReadMark[1] = 0;
        for(i=2; i<WAL_NREADER; i++) pInfo->aReadMark[i] = READMARK_NOT_USED;
        assert( pInfo->aReadMark[0]==0 );

        walUnlockExclusive(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(1), WAL_NREADER-1);
      }else if( rc!=SQLITE_BUSY ){
        return rc;
      }
    }
    walUnlockShared(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(0));
    pWal->readLock = -1;
................................................................................
** we can from WAL into the database.
**
** If parameter xBusy is not NULL, it is a pointer to a busy-handler
** callback. In this case this function runs a blocking checkpoint.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WalCheckpoint(
  Wal *pWal,                      /* Wal connection */
  int eMode,                      /* PASSIVE, FULL or RESTART */
  int (*xBusy)(void*),            /* Function to call when busy */
  void *pBusyArg,                 /* Context argument for xBusyHandler */
  int sync_flags,                 /* Flags to sync db file with (or 0) */
  int nBuf,                       /* Size of temporary buffer */
  u8 *zBuf,                       /* Temporary buffer to use */
  int *pnLog,                     /* OUT: Number of frames in WAL */
  int *pnCkpt                     /* OUT: Number of backfilled frames in WAL */
){
  int rc;                         /* Return code */
  int isChanged = 0;              /* True if a new wal-index header is loaded */
  int eMode2 = eMode;             /* Mode to pass to walCheckpoint() */


  assert( pWal->ckptLock==0 );
  assert( pWal->writeLock==0 );





  if( pWal->readOnly ) return SQLITE_READONLY;
  WALTRACE(("WAL%p: checkpoint begins\n", pWal));



  rc = walLockExclusive(pWal, WAL_CKPT_LOCK, 1);
  if( rc ){
    /* Usually this is SQLITE_BUSY meaning that another thread or process
    ** is already running a checkpoint, or maybe a recovery.  But it might
    ** also be SQLITE_IOERR. */








    return rc;
  }
  pWal->ckptLock = 1;

  /* If this is a blocking-checkpoint, then obtain the write-lock as well
  ** to prevent any writers from running while the checkpoint is underway.
  ** This has to be done before the call to walIndexReadHdr() below.
  **
  ** If the writer lock cannot be obtained, then a passive checkpoint is
  ** run instead. Since the checkpointer is not holding the writer lock,
  ** there is no point in blocking waiting for any readers. Assuming no 
  ** other error occurs, this function will return SQLITE_BUSY to the caller.
  */
  if( eMode!=SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE ){
    rc = walBusyLock(pWal, xBusy, pBusyArg, WAL_WRITE_LOCK, 1);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      pWal->writeLock = 1;
    }else if( rc==SQLITE_BUSY ){
      eMode2 = SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE;

      rc = SQLITE_OK;
    }
  }

  /* Read the wal-index header. */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = walIndexReadHdr(pWal, &isChanged);
................................................................................
  }

  /* Copy data from the log to the database file. */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( pWal->hdr.mxFrame && walPagesize(pWal)!=nBuf ){
      rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }else{
      rc = walCheckpoint(pWal, eMode2, xBusy, pBusyArg, sync_flags, zBuf);
    }

    /* If no error occurred, set the output variables. */
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK || rc==SQLITE_BUSY ){
      if( pnLog ) *pnLog = (int)pWal->hdr.mxFrame;
      if( pnCkpt ) *pnCkpt = (int)(walCkptInfo(pWal)->nBackfill);
    }
................................................................................
  sqlite3 *db;       /* The database connection holding this btree */
  BtShared *pBt;     /* Sharable content of this btree */
  u8 inTrans;        /* TRANS_NONE, TRANS_READ or TRANS_WRITE */
  u8 sharable;       /* True if we can share pBt with another db */
  u8 locked;         /* True if db currently has pBt locked */
  int wantToLock;    /* Number of nested calls to sqlite3BtreeEnter() */
  int nBackup;       /* Number of backup operations reading this btree */

  Btree *pNext;      /* List of other sharable Btrees from the same db */
  Btree *pPrev;      /* Back pointer of the same list */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
  BtLock lock;       /* Object used to lock page 1 */
#endif
};

................................................................................


/*
** Defragment the page given.  All Cells are moved to the
** end of the page and all free space is collected into one
** big FreeBlk that occurs in between the header and cell
** pointer array and the cell content area.





*/
static int defragmentPage(MemPage *pPage){
  int i;                     /* Loop counter */
  int pc;                    /* Address of the i-th cell */
  int hdr;                   /* Offset to the page header */
  int size;                  /* Size of a cell */
  int usableSize;            /* Number of usable bytes on a page */
  int cellOffset;            /* Offset to the cell pointer array */
  int cbrk;                  /* Offset to the cell content area */
  int nCell;                 /* Number of cells on the page */
  unsigned char *data;       /* The page data */
  unsigned char *temp;       /* Temp area for cell content */

  int iCellFirst;            /* First allowable cell index */
  int iCellLast;             /* Last possible cell index */


  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pPage->pDbPage) );
  assert( pPage->pBt!=0 );
  assert( pPage->pBt->usableSize <= SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE );
  assert( pPage->nOverflow==0 );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  temp = sqlite3PagerTempSpace(pPage->pBt->pPager);
  data = pPage->aData;
  hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;
  cellOffset = pPage->cellOffset;
  nCell = pPage->nCell;
  assert( nCell==get2byte(&data[hdr+3]) );
  usableSize = pPage->pBt->usableSize;
  cbrk = get2byte(&data[hdr+5]);
  memcpy(&temp[cbrk], &data[cbrk], usableSize - cbrk);
  cbrk = usableSize;
  iCellFirst = cellOffset + 2*nCell;
  iCellLast = usableSize - 4;
  for(i=0; i<nCell; i++){
    u8 *pAddr;     /* The i-th cell pointer */
    pAddr = &data[cellOffset + i*2];
    pc = get2byte(pAddr);
................................................................................
    ** if SQLITE_ENABLE_OVERSIZE_CELL_CHECK is defined 
    */
    if( pc<iCellFirst || pc>iCellLast ){
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }
#endif
    assert( pc>=iCellFirst && pc<=iCellLast );
    size = cellSizePtr(pPage, &temp[pc]);
    cbrk -= size;
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_OVERSIZE_CELL_CHECK)
    if( cbrk<iCellFirst ){
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }
#else
    if( cbrk<iCellFirst || pc+size>usableSize ){
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }
#endif
    assert( cbrk+size<=usableSize && cbrk>=iCellFirst );
    testcase( cbrk+size==usableSize );
    testcase( pc+size==usableSize );
    memcpy(&data[cbrk], &temp[pc], size);
    put2byte(pAddr, cbrk);









  }
  assert( cbrk>=iCellFirst );
  put2byte(&data[hdr+5], cbrk);
  data[hdr+1] = 0;
  data[hdr+2] = 0;
  data[hdr+7] = 0;
  memset(&data[iCellFirst], 0, cbrk-iCellFirst);
  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pPage->pDbPage) );
  if( cbrk-iCellFirst!=pPage->nFree ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
































































/*
** Allocate nByte bytes of space from within the B-Tree page passed
** as the first argument. Write into *pIdx the index into pPage->aData[]
** of the first byte of allocated space. Return either SQLITE_OK or
** an error code (usually SQLITE_CORRUPT).
**
................................................................................
** allocation is being made in order to insert a new cell, so we will
** also end up needing a new cell pointer.
*/
static int allocateSpace(MemPage *pPage, int nByte, int *pIdx){
  const int hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;    /* Local cache of pPage->hdrOffset */
  u8 * const data = pPage->aData;      /* Local cache of pPage->aData */
  int top;                             /* First byte of cell content area */

  int gap;        /* First byte of gap between cell pointers and cell content */
  int rc;         /* Integer return code */
  int usableSize; /* Usable size of the page */
  
  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pPage->pDbPage) );
  assert( pPage->pBt );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  assert( nByte>=0 );  /* Minimum cell size is 4 */
  assert( pPage->nFree>=nByte );
  assert( pPage->nOverflow==0 );
  usableSize = pPage->pBt->usableSize;
  assert( nByte < usableSize-8 );

  assert( pPage->cellOffset == hdr + 12 - 4*pPage->leaf );
  gap = pPage->cellOffset + 2*pPage->nCell;
  assert( gap<=65536 );
  top = get2byte(&data[hdr+5]);
  if( gap>top ){
    if( top==0 ){
      top = 65536;
    }else{
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }
  }

  /* If there is enough space between gap and top for one more cell pointer
  ** array entry offset, and if the freelist is not empty, then search the
  ** freelist looking for a free slot big enough to satisfy the request.
  */
  testcase( gap+2==top );
  testcase( gap+1==top );
  testcase( gap==top );
  if( gap+2<=top && (data[hdr+1] || data[hdr+2]) ){
    int pc, addr;
    for(addr=hdr+1; (pc = get2byte(&data[addr]))>0; addr=pc){
      int size;            /* Size of the free slot */
      if( pc>usableSize-4 || pc<addr+4 ){
        return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      }
      size = get2byte(&data[pc+2]);
      if( size>=nByte ){
        int x = size - nByte;
        testcase( x==4 );
        testcase( x==3 );
        if( x<4 ){
          if( data[hdr+7]>=60 ) goto defragment_page;
          /* Remove the slot from the free-list. Update the number of
          ** fragmented bytes within the page. */
          memcpy(&data[addr], &data[pc], 2);
          data[hdr+7] += (u8)x;
        }else if( size+pc > usableSize ){
          return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
        }else{
          /* The slot remains on the free-list. Reduce its size to account
          ** for the portion used by the new allocation. */
          put2byte(&data[pc+2], x);
        }


        *pIdx = pc + x;
        return SQLITE_OK;
      }
    }
  }

  /* The request could not be fulfilled using a freelist slot.  Check
  ** to see if defragmentation is necessary.
  */
  testcase( gap+2+nByte==top );
  if( gap+2+nByte>top ){
defragment_page:
    testcase( pPage->nCell==0 );
    rc = defragmentPage(pPage);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    top = get2byteNotZero(&data[hdr+5]);
    assert( gap+nByte<=top );
  }


................................................................................
  u32 iLast = pPage->pBt->usableSize-4; /* Largest possible freeblock offset */
  u32 iEnd = iStart + iSize;            /* First byte past the iStart buffer */
  unsigned char *data = pPage->aData;   /* Page content */

  assert( pPage->pBt!=0 );
  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pPage->pDbPage) );
  assert( iStart>=pPage->hdrOffset+6+pPage->childPtrSize );
  assert( iEnd <= pPage->pBt->usableSize );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  assert( iSize>=4 );   /* Minimum cell size is 4 */
  assert( iStart<=iLast );

  /* Overwrite deleted information with zeros when the secure_delete
  ** option is enabled */
  if( pPage->pBt->btsFlags & BTS_SECURE_DELETE ){
................................................................................
  assert( pPage->hdrOffset==(pPage->pgno==1 ? 100 : 0) );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  pPage->leaf = (u8)(flagByte>>3);  assert( PTF_LEAF == 1<<3 );
  flagByte &= ~PTF_LEAF;
  pPage->childPtrSize = 4-4*pPage->leaf;
  pBt = pPage->pBt;
  if( flagByte==(PTF_LEAFDATA | PTF_INTKEY) ){






    pPage->intKey = 1;
    pPage->intKeyLeaf = pPage->leaf;
    pPage->noPayload = !pPage->leaf;
    pPage->maxLocal = pBt->maxLeaf;
    pPage->minLocal = pBt->minLeaf;
  }else if( flagByte==PTF_ZERODATA ){






    pPage->intKey = 0;
    pPage->intKeyLeaf = 0;
    pPage->noPayload = 0;
    pPage->maxLocal = pBt->maxLocal;
    pPage->minLocal = pBt->minLocal;
  }else{


    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  pPage->max1bytePayload = pBt->max1bytePayload;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
................................................................................
    int iCellFirst;    /* First allowable cell or freeblock offset */
    int iCellLast;     /* Last possible cell or freeblock offset */

    pBt = pPage->pBt;

    hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;
    data = pPage->aData;


    if( decodeFlags(pPage, data[hdr]) ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    assert( pBt->pageSize>=512 && pBt->pageSize<=65536 );
    pPage->maskPage = (u16)(pBt->pageSize - 1);
    pPage->nOverflow = 0;
    usableSize = pBt->usableSize;
    pPage->cellOffset = cellOffset = hdr + 12 - 4*pPage->leaf;
    pPage->aDataEnd = &data[usableSize];
    pPage->aCellIdx = &data[cellOffset];



    top = get2byteNotZero(&data[hdr+5]);


    pPage->nCell = get2byte(&data[hdr+3]);
    if( pPage->nCell>MX_CELL(pBt) ){
      /* To many cells for a single page.  The page must be corrupt */
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }
    testcase( pPage->nCell==MX_CELL(pBt) );






    /* A malformed database page might cause us to read past the end
    ** of page when parsing a cell.  
    **
    ** The following block of code checks early to see if a cell extends
    ** past the end of a page boundary and causes SQLITE_CORRUPT to be 
    ** returned if it does.
................................................................................
          return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
        }
      }
      if( !pPage->leaf ) iCellLast++;
    }  
#endif

    /* Compute the total free space on the page */



    pc = get2byte(&data[hdr+1]);
    nFree = data[hdr+7] + top;
    while( pc>0 ){
      u16 next, size;
      if( pc<iCellFirst || pc>iCellLast ){



        /* Start of free block is off the page */

        return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT; 
      }
      next = get2byte(&data[pc]);
      size = get2byte(&data[pc+2]);
      if( (next>0 && next<=pc+size+3) || pc+size>usableSize ){
        /* Free blocks must be in ascending order. And the last byte of
        ** the free-block must lie on the database page.  */
................................................................................
  
    pBt->pCursor = 0;
    pBt->pPage1 = 0;
    if( sqlite3PagerIsreadonly(pBt->pPager) ) pBt->btsFlags |= BTS_READ_ONLY;
#ifdef SQLITE_SECURE_DELETE
    pBt->btsFlags |= BTS_SECURE_DELETE;
#endif



    pBt->pageSize = (zDbHeader[16]<<8) | (zDbHeader[17]<<16);
    if( pBt->pageSize<512 || pBt->pageSize>SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
         || ((pBt->pageSize-1)&pBt->pageSize)!=0 ){
      pBt->pageSize = 0;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
      /* If the magic name ":memory:" will create an in-memory database, then
      ** leave the autoVacuum mode at 0 (do not auto-vacuum), even if
................................................................................
      if( zFilename && !isMemdb ){
        pBt->autoVacuum = (SQLITE_DEFAULT_AUTOVACUUM ? 1 : 0);
        pBt->incrVacuum = (SQLITE_DEFAULT_AUTOVACUUM==2 ? 1 : 0);
      }
#endif
      nReserve = 0;
    }else{



      nReserve = zDbHeader[20];
      pBt->btsFlags |= BTS_PAGESIZE_FIXED;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
      pBt->autoVacuum = (get4byte(&zDbHeader[36 + 4*4])?1:0);
      pBt->incrVacuum = (get4byte(&zDbHeader[36 + 7*4])?1:0);
#endif
    }
................................................................................
    nPage = nPageFile;
  }
  if( nPage>0 ){
    u32 pageSize;
    u32 usableSize;
    u8 *page1 = pPage1->aData;
    rc = SQLITE_NOTADB;



    if( memcmp(page1, zMagicHeader, 16)!=0 ){
      goto page1_init_failed;
    }

#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
    if( page1[18]>1 ){
      pBt->btsFlags |= BTS_READ_ONLY;
................................................................................
        releasePage(pPage1);
        return SQLITE_OK;
      }
      rc = SQLITE_NOTADB;
    }
#endif

    /* The maximum embedded fraction must be exactly 25%.  And the minimum
    ** embedded fraction must be 12.5% for both leaf-data and non-leaf-data.

    ** The original design allowed these amounts to vary, but as of
    ** version 3.6.0, we require them to be fixed.
    */
    if( memcmp(&page1[21], "\100\040\040",3)!=0 ){
      goto page1_init_failed;
    }



    pageSize = (page1[16]<<8) | (page1[17]<<16);


    if( ((pageSize-1)&pageSize)!=0
     || pageSize>SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE 
     || pageSize<=256 
    ){
      goto page1_init_failed;
    }
    assert( (pageSize & 7)==0 );







    usableSize = pageSize - page1[20];
    if( (u32)pageSize!=pBt->pageSize ){
      /* After reading the first page of the database assuming a page size
      ** of BtShared.pageSize, we have discovered that the page-size is
      ** actually pageSize. Unlock the database, leave pBt->pPage1 at
      ** zero and return SQLITE_OK. The caller will call this function
      ** again with the correct page-size.
................................................................................
                                   pageSize-usableSize);
      return rc;
    }
    if( (pBt->db->flags & SQLITE_RecoveryMode)==0 && nPage>nPageFile ){
      rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      goto page1_init_failed;
    }



    if( usableSize<480 ){
      goto page1_init_failed;
    }
    pBt->pageSize = pageSize;
    pBt->usableSize = usableSize;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
    pBt->autoVacuum = (get4byte(&page1[36 + 4*4])?1:0);
................................................................................
    assert( pBt->inTransaction==TRANS_WRITE );
    assert( pBt->nTransaction>0 );
    rc = sqlite3PagerCommitPhaseTwo(pBt->pPager);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK && bCleanup==0 ){
      sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
      return rc;
    }

    pBt->inTransaction = TRANS_READ;
    btreeClearHasContent(pBt);
  }

  btreeEndTransaction(p);
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  return SQLITE_OK;
................................................................................
    if( pCur->pNext ){
      pCur->pNext->pPrev = pCur->pPrev;
    }
    for(i=0; i<=pCur->iPage; i++){
      releasePage(pCur->apPage[i]);
    }
    unlockBtreeIfUnused(pBt);
    sqlite3DbFree(pBtree->db, pCur->aOverflow);
    /* sqlite3_free(pCur); */
    sqlite3BtreeLeave(pBtree);
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
................................................................................
    rc = copyPayload(&aPayload[offset], pBuf, a, (eOp & 0x01), pPage->pDbPage);
    offset = 0;
    pBuf += a;
    amt -= a;
  }else{
    offset -= pCur->info.nLocal;
  }


  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && amt>0 ){
    const u32 ovflSize = pBt->usableSize - 4;  /* Bytes content per ovfl page */
    Pgno nextPage;

    nextPage = get4byte(&aPayload[pCur->info.nLocal]);

................................................................................
    ** in the overflow chain. The page number of the first overflow page is
    ** stored in aOverflow[0], etc. A value of 0 in the aOverflow[] array
    ** means "not yet known" (the cache is lazily populated).
    */
    if( eOp!=2 && (pCur->curFlags & BTCF_ValidOvfl)==0 ){
      int nOvfl = (pCur->info.nPayload-pCur->info.nLocal+ovflSize-1)/ovflSize;
      if( nOvfl>pCur->nOvflAlloc ){
        Pgno *aNew = (Pgno*)sqlite3DbRealloc(
            pCur->pBtree->db, pCur->aOverflow, nOvfl*2*sizeof(Pgno)
        );
        if( aNew==0 ){
          rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
        }else{
          pCur->nOvflAlloc = nOvfl*2;
          pCur->aOverflow = aNew;
        }
................................................................................
        ** function.
        **
        ** Note that the aOverflow[] array must be allocated because eOp!=2
        ** here.  If eOp==2, then offset==0 and this branch is never taken.
        */
        assert( eOp!=2 );
        assert( pCur->curFlags & BTCF_ValidOvfl );

        if( pCur->aOverflow[iIdx+1] ){
          nextPage = pCur->aOverflow[iIdx+1];
        }else{
          rc = getOverflowPage(pBt, nextPage, 0, &nextPage);
        }
        offset -= ovflSize;
      }else{
................................................................................
  MemPage *pPrevTrunk = 0;
  Pgno mxPage;     /* Total size of the database file */

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  assert( eMode==BTALLOC_ANY || (nearby>0 && IfNotOmitAV(pBt->autoVacuum)) );
  pPage1 = pBt->pPage1;
  mxPage = btreePagecount(pBt);


  n = get4byte(&pPage1->aData[36]);
  testcase( n==mxPage-1 );
  if( n>=mxPage ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  if( n>0 ){
    /* There are pages on the freelist.  Reuse one of those pages. */
................................................................................
    ** is not true. Otherwise, it runs once for each trunk-page on the
    ** free-list until the page 'nearby' is located (eMode==BTALLOC_EXACT)
    ** or until a page less than 'nearby' is located (eMode==BTALLOC_LT)
    */
    do {
      pPrevTrunk = pTrunk;
      if( pPrevTrunk ){



        iTrunk = get4byte(&pPrevTrunk->aData[0]);
      }else{



        iTrunk = get4byte(&pPage1->aData[32]);
      }
      testcase( iTrunk==mxPage );
      if( iTrunk>mxPage ){
        rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      }else{
        rc = btreeGetPage(pBt, iTrunk, &pTrunk, 0);
................................................................................
      }
      if( rc ){
        pTrunk = 0;
        goto end_allocate_page;
      }
      assert( pTrunk!=0 );
      assert( pTrunk->aData!=0 );

      k = get4byte(&pTrunk->aData[4]); /* # of leaves on this trunk page */

      if( k==0 && !searchList ){
        /* The trunk has no leaves and the list is not being searched. 
        ** So extract the trunk page itself and use it as the newly 
        ** allocated page */
        assert( pPrevTrunk==0 );
        rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pTrunk->pDbPage);
        if( rc ){
................................................................................
      ** 3.6.0, databases with freelist trunk pages holding more than
      ** usableSize/4 - 8 entries will be reported as corrupt.  In order
      ** to maintain backwards compatibility with older versions of SQLite,
      ** we will continue to restrict the number of entries to usableSize/4 - 8
      ** for now.  At some point in the future (once everyone has upgraded
      ** to 3.6.0 or later) we should consider fixing the conditional above
      ** to read "usableSize/4-2" instead of "usableSize/4-8".





      */
      rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pTrunk->pDbPage);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        put4byte(&pTrunk->aData[4], nLeaf+1);
        put4byte(&pTrunk->aData[8+nLeaf*4], iPage);
        if( pPage && (pBt->btsFlags & BTS_SECURE_DELETE)==0 ){
          sqlite3PagerDontWrite(pPage->pDbPage);
................................................................................
  }
  rc = freeSpace(pPage, pc, sz);
  if( rc ){
    *pRC = rc;
    return;
  }
  pPage->nCell--;







  memmove(ptr, ptr+2, 2*(pPage->nCell - idx));
  put2byte(&data[hdr+3], pPage->nCell);
  pPage->nFree += 2;

}

/*
** Insert a new cell on pPage at cell index "i".  pCell points to the
** content of the cell.
**
** If the cell content will fit on the page, then put it there.  If it
................................................................................
      ptrmapPutOvflPtr(pPage, pCell, pRC);
    }
#endif
  }
}

/*
** Add a list of cells to a page.  The page should be initially empty.
** The cells are guaranteed to fit on the page.









*/
static void assemblePage(
  MemPage *pPage,   /* The page to be assembled */
  int nCell,        /* The number of cells to add to this page */


  u8 **apCell,      /* Pointers to cell bodies */
  u16 *aSize        /* Sizes of the cells */

){
  int i;            /* Loop counter */
  u8 *pCellptr;     /* Address of next cell pointer */
  int cellbody;     /* Address of next cell body */
  u8 * const data = pPage->aData;             /* Pointer to data for pPage */
  const int hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;           /* Offset of header on pPage */
  const int nUsable = pPage->pBt->usableSize; /* Usable size of page */



























  assert( pPage->nOverflow==0 );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  assert( nCell>=0 && nCell<=(int)MX_CELL(pPage->pBt)
            && (int)MX_CELL(pPage->pBt)<=10921);
  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pPage->pDbPage) );

  /* Check that the page has just been zeroed by zeroPage() */
  assert( pPage->nCell==0 );
  assert( get2byteNotZero(&data[hdr+5])==nUsable );





  pCellptr = &pPage->aCellIdx[nCell*2];
  cellbody = nUsable;
  for(i=nCell-1; i>=0; i--){
    u16 sz = aSize[i];



















































    pCellptr -= 2;






































    cellbody -= sz;








































    put2byte(pCellptr, cellbody);
    memcpy(&data[cellbody], apCell[i], sz);



  }
  put2byte(&data[hdr+3], nCell);
  put2byte(&data[hdr+5], cellbody);
  pPage->nFree -= (nCell*2 + nUsable - cellbody);
























































  pPage->nCell = (u16)nCell;




















}

/*
** The following parameters determine how many adjacent pages get involved
** in a balancing operation.  NN is the number of neighbors on either side
** of the page that participate in the balancing operation.  NB is the
** total number of pages that participate, including the target page and
................................................................................
  Pgno pgnoNew;                        /* Page number of pNew */

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pParent->pDbPage) );
  assert( pPage->nOverflow==1 );

  /* This error condition is now caught prior to reaching this function */
  if( pPage->nCell==0 ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;

  /* Allocate a new page. This page will become the right-sibling of 
  ** pPage. Make the parent page writable, so that the new divider cell
  ** may be inserted. If both these operations are successful, proceed.
  */
  rc = allocateBtreePage(pBt, &pNew, &pgnoNew, 0, 0);

................................................................................
    u8 *pCell = pPage->apOvfl[0];
    u16 szCell = cellSizePtr(pPage, pCell);
    u8 *pStop;

    assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pNew->pDbPage) );
    assert( pPage->aData[0]==(PTF_INTKEY|PTF_LEAFDATA|PTF_LEAF) );
    zeroPage(pNew, PTF_INTKEY|PTF_LEAFDATA|PTF_LEAF);
    assemblePage(pNew, 1, &pCell, &szCell);


    /* If this is an auto-vacuum database, update the pointer map
    ** with entries for the new page, and any pointer from the 
    ** cell on the page to an overflow page. If either of these
    ** operations fails, the return code is set, but the contents
    ** of the parent page are still manipulated by thh code below.
    ** That is Ok, at this point the parent page is guaranteed to
................................................................................
  int usableSpace;             /* Bytes in pPage beyond the header */
  int pageFlags;               /* Value of pPage->aData[0] */
  int subtotal;                /* Subtotal of bytes in cells on one page */
  int iSpace1 = 0;             /* First unused byte of aSpace1[] */
  int iOvflSpace = 0;          /* First unused byte of aOvflSpace[] */
  int szScratch;               /* Size of scratch memory requested */
  MemPage *apOld[NB];          /* pPage and up to two siblings */
  MemPage *apCopy[NB];         /* Private copies of apOld[] pages */
  MemPage *apNew[NB+2];        /* pPage and up to NB siblings after balancing */
  u8 *pRight;                  /* Location in parent of right-sibling pointer */
  u8 *apDiv[NB-1];             /* Divider cells in pParent */
  int cntNew[NB+2];            /* Index in aCell[] of cell after i-th page */

  int szNew[NB+2];             /* Combined size of cells place on i-th page */
  u8 **apCell = 0;             /* All cells begin balanced */
  u16 *szCell;                 /* Local size of all cells in apCell[] */
  u8 *aSpace1;                 /* Space for copies of dividers cells */
  Pgno pgno;                   /* Temp var to store a page number in */






  pBt = pParent->pBt;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pParent->pDbPage) );

#if 0
  TRACE(("BALANCE: begin page %d child of %d\n", pPage->pgno, pParent->pgno));
#endif
................................................................................
  /* Make nMaxCells a multiple of 4 in order to preserve 8-byte
  ** alignment */
  nMaxCells = (nMaxCells + 3)&~3;

  /*
  ** Allocate space for memory structures
  */
  k = pBt->pageSize + ROUND8(sizeof(MemPage));
  szScratch =
       nMaxCells*sizeof(u8*)                       /* apCell */
     + nMaxCells*sizeof(u16)                       /* szCell */
     + pBt->pageSize                               /* aSpace1 */
     + k*nOld;                                     /* Page copies (apCopy) */




  apCell = sqlite3ScratchMalloc( szScratch ); 
  if( apCell==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    goto balance_cleanup;
  }
  szCell = (u16*)&apCell[nMaxCells];
  aSpace1 = (u8*)&szCell[nMaxCells];
  assert( EIGHT_BYTE_ALIGNMENT(aSpace1) );

  /*
  ** Load pointers to all cells on sibling pages and the divider cells
  ** into the local apCell[] array.  Make copies of the divider cells
  ** into space obtained from aSpace1[] and remove the divider cells
  ** from pParent.
  **
  ** If the siblings are on leaf pages, then the child pointers of the
  ** divider cells are stripped from the cells before they are copied
  ** into aSpace1[].  In this way, all cells in apCell[] are without
  ** child pointers.  If siblings are not leaves, then all cell in
  ** apCell[] include child pointers.  Either way, all cells in apCell[]
  ** are alike.
................................................................................
  ** leafCorrection:  4 if pPage is a leaf.  0 if pPage is not a leaf.
  **       leafData:  1 if pPage holds key+data and pParent holds only keys.
  */
  leafCorrection = apOld[0]->leaf*4;
  leafData = apOld[0]->intKeyLeaf;
  for(i=0; i<nOld; i++){
    int limit;
    
    /* Before doing anything else, take a copy of the i'th original sibling
    ** The rest of this function will use data from the copies rather
    ** that the original pages since the original pages will be in the
    ** process of being overwritten.  */
    MemPage *pOld = apCopy[i] = (MemPage*)&aSpace1[pBt->pageSize + k*i];
    memcpy(pOld, apOld[i], sizeof(MemPage));
    pOld->aData = (void*)&pOld[1];
    memcpy(pOld->aData, apOld[i]->aData, pBt->pageSize);

    limit = pOld->nCell+pOld->nOverflow;
    if( pOld->nOverflow>0 ){
      for(j=0; j<limit; j++){
        assert( nCell<nMaxCells );
        apCell[nCell] = findOverflowCell(pOld, j);
        szCell[nCell] = cellSizePtr(pOld, apCell[nCell]);
................................................................................
      for(j=0; j<limit; j++){
        assert( nCell<nMaxCells );
        apCell[nCell] = findCellv2(aData, maskPage, cellOffset, j);
        szCell[nCell] = cellSizePtr(pOld, apCell[nCell]);
        nCell++;
      }
    }       

    if( i<nOld-1 && !leafData){
      u16 sz = (u16)szNew[i];
      u8 *pTemp;
      assert( nCell<nMaxCells );
      szCell[nCell] = sz;
      pTemp = &aSpace1[iSpace1];
      iSpace1 += sz;
................................................................................
        assert( pOld->hdrOffset==0 );
        /* The right pointer of the child page pOld becomes the left
        ** pointer of the divider cell */
        memcpy(apCell[nCell], &pOld->aData[8], 4);
      }else{
        assert( leafCorrection==4 );
        if( szCell[nCell]<4 ){
          /* Do not allow any cells smaller than 4 bytes. */




          szCell[nCell] = 4;
        }
      }
      nCell++;
    }
  }

................................................................................
  ** 
  */
  usableSpace = pBt->usableSize - 12 + leafCorrection;
  for(subtotal=k=i=0; i<nCell; i++){
    assert( i<nMaxCells );
    subtotal += szCell[i] + 2;
    if( subtotal > usableSpace ){
      szNew[k] = subtotal - szCell[i];
      cntNew[k] = i;
      if( leafData ){ i--; }
      subtotal = 0;
      k++;
      if( k>NB+1 ){ rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT; goto balance_cleanup; }
    }
  }
  szNew[k] = subtotal;
  cntNew[k] = nCell;
  k++;

  /*
  ** The packing computed by the previous block is biased toward the siblings
  ** on the left side.  The left siblings are always nearly full, while the
  ** right-most sibling might be nearly empty.  This block of code attempts

  ** to adjust the packing of siblings to get a better balance.
  **
  ** This adjustment is more than an optimization.  The packing above might
  ** be so out of balance as to be illegal.  For example, the right-most
  ** sibling might be completely empty.  This adjustment is not optional.
  */
  for(i=k-1; i>0; i--){
    int szRight = szNew[i];  /* Size of sibling on the right */
................................................................................
      r = cntNew[i-1] - 1;
      d = r + 1 - leafData;
    }
    szNew[i] = szRight;
    szNew[i-1] = szLeft;
  }



  /* Either we found one or more cells (cntnew[0])>0) or pPage is
  ** a virtual root page.  A virtual root page is when the real root
  ** page is page 1 and we are the only child of that page.
  **
  ** UPDATE:  The assert() below is not necessarily true if the database
  ** file is corrupt.  The corruption will be detected and reported later
  ** in this procedure so there is no need to act upon it now.
  */
#if 0
  assert( cntNew[0]>0 || (pParent->pgno==1 && pParent->nCell==0) );
#endif

  TRACE(("BALANCE: old: %d %d %d  ",
    apOld[0]->pgno, 
    nOld>=2 ? apOld[1]->pgno : 0,
    nOld>=3 ? apOld[2]->pgno : 0
  ));

  /*
  ** Allocate k new pages.  Reuse old pages where possible.
  */
  if( apOld[0]->pgno<=1 ){
    rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
................................................................................
      rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pNew->pDbPage);
      nNew++;
      if( rc ) goto balance_cleanup;
    }else{
      assert( i>0 );
      rc = allocateBtreePage(pBt, &pNew, &pgno, (bBulk ? 1 : pgno), 0);
      if( rc ) goto balance_cleanup;

      apNew[i] = pNew;
      nNew++;


      /* Set the pointer-map entry for the new sibling page. */
      if( ISAUTOVACUUM ){
        ptrmapPut(pBt, pNew->pgno, PTRMAP_BTREE, pParent->pgno, &rc);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          goto balance_cleanup;
        }
      }
    }
  }

  /* Free any old pages that were not reused as new pages.
  */
  while( i<nOld ){
    freePage(apOld[i], &rc);
    if( rc ) goto balance_cleanup;
    releasePage(apOld[i]);
    apOld[i] = 0;
    i++;
  }

  /*
  ** Put the new pages in ascending order.  This helps to

  ** keep entries in the disk file in order so that a scan
  ** of the table is a linear scan through the file.  That
  ** in turn helps the operating system to deliver pages
  ** from the disk more rapidly.
  **
  ** An O(n^2) insertion sort algorithm is used, but since
  ** n is never more than NB (a small constant), that should
  ** not be a problem.
  **
  ** When NB==3, this one optimization makes the database
  ** about 25% faster for large insertions and deletions.
  */
  for(i=0; i<k-1; i++){

    int minV = apNew[i]->pgno;









    int minI = i;
    for(j=i+1; j<k; j++){
      if( apNew[j]->pgno<(unsigned)minV ){
        minI = j;
        minV = apNew[j]->pgno;
      }
    }



    if( minI>i ){
      MemPage *pT;








      pT = apNew[i];
      apNew[i] = apNew[minI];
      apNew[minI] = pT;
    }
  }
  TRACE(("new: %d(%d) %d(%d) %d(%d) %d(%d) %d(%d)\n",



    apNew[0]->pgno, szNew[0],
    nNew>=2 ? apNew[1]->pgno : 0, nNew>=2 ? szNew[1] : 0,

    nNew>=3 ? apNew[2]->pgno : 0, nNew>=3 ? szNew[2] : 0,

    nNew>=4 ? apNew[3]->pgno : 0, nNew>=4 ? szNew[3] : 0,

    nNew>=5 ? apNew[4]->pgno : 0, nNew>=5 ? szNew[4] : 0));



  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pParent->pDbPage) );
  put4byte(pRight, apNew[nNew-1]->pgno);













  /*
  ** Evenly distribute the data in apCell[] across the new pages.
  ** Insert divider cells into pParent as necessary.










  */
  j = 0;
  for(i=0; i<nNew; i++){
    /* Assemble the new sibling page. */

    MemPage *pNew = apNew[i];
    assert( j<nMaxCells );
    zeroPage(pNew, pageFlags);
    assemblePage(pNew, cntNew[i]-j, &apCell[j], &szCell[j]);
    assert( pNew->nCell>0 || (nNew==1 && cntNew[0]==0) );

    assert( pNew->nOverflow==0 );











    j = cntNew[i];



    /* If the sibling page assembled above was not the right-most sibling,
    ** insert a divider cell into the parent page.
    */
    assert( i<nNew-1 || j==nCell );
    if( j<nCell ){
























      u8 *pCell;
      u8 *pTemp;
      int sz;



      assert( j<nMaxCells );
      pCell = apCell[j];
      sz = szCell[j] + leafCorrection;
      pTemp = &aOvflSpace[iOvflSpace];
      if( !pNew->leaf ){
        memcpy(&pNew->aData[8], pCell, 4);
      }else if( leafData ){
        /* If the tree is a leaf-data tree, and the siblings are leaves, 
        ** then there is no divider cell in apCell[]. Instead, the divider 
        ** cell consists of the integer key for the right-most cell of 
        ** the sibling-page assembled above only.
        */
        CellInfo info;
        j--;
        btreeParseCellPtr(pNew, apCell[j], &info);
        pCell = pTemp;
        sz = 4 + putVarint(&pCell[4], info.nKey);
        pTemp = 0;
      }else{
        pCell -= 4;
        /* Obscure case for non-leaf-data trees: If the cell at pCell was
        ** previously stored on a leaf node, and its reported size was 4
        ** bytes, then it may actually be smaller than this 
        ** (see btreeParseCellPtr(), 4 bytes is the minimum size of
        ** any cell). But it is important to pass the correct size to 
        ** insertCell(), so reparse the cell now.
        **
        ** Note that this can never happen in an SQLite data file, as all
        ** cells are at least 4 bytes. It only happens in b-trees used
        ** to evaluate "IN (SELECT ...)" and similar clauses.
        */
        if( szCell[j]==4 ){
          assert(leafCorrection==4);
          sz = cellSizePtr(pParent, pCell);
        }
      }
      iOvflSpace += sz;
      assert( sz<=pBt->maxLocal+23 );
      assert( iOvflSpace <= (int)pBt->pageSize );
      insertCell(pParent, nxDiv, pCell, sz, pTemp, pNew->pgno, &rc);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto balance_cleanup;
      assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pParent->pDbPage) );

      j++;
      nxDiv++;
    }
































  }
  assert( j==nCell );




























  assert( nOld>0 );
  assert( nNew>0 );
  if( (pageFlags & PTF_LEAF)==0 ){
    u8 *zChild = &apCopy[nOld-1]->aData[8];
    memcpy(&apNew[nNew-1]->aData[8], zChild, 4);
  }

  if( isRoot && pParent->nCell==0 && pParent->hdrOffset<=apNew[0]->nFree ){
    /* The root page of the b-tree now contains no cells. The only sibling
    ** page is the right-child of the parent. Copy the contents of the
    ** child page into the parent, decreasing the overall height of the
    ** b-tree structure by one. This is described as the "balance-shallower"
    ** sub-algorithm in some documentation.
    **
    ** If this is an auto-vacuum database, the call to copyNodeContent() 
    ** sets all pointer-map entries corresponding to database image pages 
    ** for which the pointer is stored within the content being copied.
    **
    ** The second assert below verifies that the child page is defragmented
    ** (it must be, as it was just reconstructed using assemblePage()). This
    ** is important if the parent page happens to be page 1 of the database
    ** image.  */

    assert( nNew==1 );


    assert( apNew[0]->nFree == 
        (get2byte(&apNew[0]->aData[5])-apNew[0]->cellOffset-apNew[0]->nCell*2) 

    );
    copyNodeContent(apNew[0], pParent, &rc);
    freePage(apNew[0], &rc);
  }else if( ISAUTOVACUUM ){
    /* Fix the pointer-map entries for all the cells that were shifted around. 
    ** There are several different types of pointer-map entries that need to
    ** be dealt with by this routine. Some of these have been set already, but
    ** many have not. The following is a summary:
    **
    **   1) The entries associated with new sibling pages that were not
    **      siblings when this function was called. These have already
    **      been set. We don't need to worry about old siblings that were
    **      moved to the free-list - the freePage() code has taken care
    **      of those.
    **
    **   2) The pointer-map entries associated with the first overflow
    **      page in any overflow chains used by new divider cells. These 
    **      have also already been taken care of by the insertCell() code.
    **
    **   3) If the sibling pages are not leaves, then the child pages of
    **      cells stored on the sibling pages may need to be updated.
    **
    **   4) If the sibling pages are not internal intkey nodes, then any
    **      overflow pages used by these cells may need to be updated
    **      (internal intkey nodes never contain pointers to overflow pages).
    **
    **   5) If the sibling pages are not leaves, then the pointer-map
    **      entries for the right-child pages of each sibling may need
    **      to be updated.
    **
    ** Cases 1 and 2 are dealt with above by other code. The next
    ** block deals with cases 3 and 4 and the one after that, case 5. Since
    ** setting a pointer map entry is a relatively expensive operation, this
    ** code only sets pointer map entries for child or overflow pages that have
    ** actually moved between pages.  */
    MemPage *pNew = apNew[0];
    MemPage *pOld = apCopy[0];
    int nOverflow = pOld->nOverflow;
    int iNextOld = pOld->nCell + nOverflow;
    int iOverflow = (nOverflow ? pOld->aiOvfl[0] : -1);
    j = 0;                             /* Current 'old' sibling page */
    k = 0;                             /* Current 'new' sibling page */


    for(i=0; i<nCell; i++){
      int isDivider = 0;
      while( i==iNextOld ){
        /* Cell i is the cell immediately following the last cell on old
        ** sibling page j. If the siblings are not leaf pages of an
        ** intkey b-tree, then cell i was a divider cell. */
        assert( j+1 < ArraySize(apCopy) );
        assert( j+1 < nOld );
        pOld = apCopy[++j];
        iNextOld = i + !leafData + pOld->nCell + pOld->nOverflow;
        if( pOld->nOverflow ){
          nOverflow = pOld->nOverflow;
          iOverflow = i + !leafData + pOld->aiOvfl[0];


        }
        isDivider = !leafData;  
      }

      assert(nOverflow>0 || iOverflow<i );
      assert(nOverflow<2 || pOld->aiOvfl[0]==pOld->aiOvfl[1]-1);
      assert(nOverflow<3 || pOld->aiOvfl[1]==pOld->aiOvfl[2]-1);
      if( i==iOverflow ){
        isDivider = 1;
        if( (--nOverflow)>0 ){
          iOverflow++;
        }
      }

      if( i==cntNew[k] ){
        /* Cell i is the cell immediately following the last cell on new
        ** sibling page k. If the siblings are not leaf pages of an
        ** intkey b-tree, then cell i is a divider cell.  */
        pNew = apNew[++k];
        if( !leafData ) continue;
      }
      assert( j<nOld );
      assert( k<nNew );



      /* If the cell was originally divider cell (and is not now) or
      ** an overflow cell, or if the cell was located on a different sibling
      ** page before the balancing, then the pointer map entries associated
      ** with any child or overflow pages need to be updated.  */
      if( isDivider || pOld->pgno!=pNew->pgno ){
        if( !leafCorrection ){
          ptrmapPut(pBt, get4byte(apCell[i]), PTRMAP_BTREE, pNew->pgno, &rc);




        }
        if( szCell[i]>pNew->minLocal ){
          ptrmapPutOvflPtr(pNew, apCell[i], &rc);
        }
      }
    }

    if( !leafCorrection ){
      for(i=0; i<nNew; i++){
        u32 key = get4byte(&apNew[i]->aData[8]);
        ptrmapPut(pBt, key, PTRMAP_BTREE, apNew[i]->pgno, &rc);
      }
    }

#if 0

    /* The ptrmapCheckPages() contains assert() statements that verify that
    ** all pointer map pages are set correctly. This is helpful while 
    ** debugging. This is usually disabled because a corrupt database may
    ** cause an assert() statement to fail.  */
    ptrmapCheckPages(apNew, nNew);
    ptrmapCheckPages(&pParent, 1);
#endif
  }

  assert( pParent->isInit );
  TRACE(("BALANCE: finished: old=%d new=%d cells=%d\n",
          nOld, nNew, nCell));


  /*
  ** Cleanup before returning.
  */
balance_cleanup:
  sqlite3ScratchFree(apCell);
  for(i=0; i<nOld; i++){
................................................................................
** is the number of free pages currently in the database.  Meta[1]
** through meta[15] are available for use by higher layers.  Meta[0]
** is read-only, the others are read/write.
** 
** The schema layer numbers meta values differently.  At the schema
** layer (and the SetCookie and ReadCookie opcodes) the number of
** free pages is not visible.  So Cookie[0] is the same as Meta[1].







*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeGetMeta(Btree *p, int idx, u32 *pMeta){
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;

  sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);
  assert( p->inTrans>TRANS_NONE );
  assert( SQLITE_OK==querySharedCacheTableLock(p, MASTER_ROOT, READ_LOCK) );
  assert( pBt->pPage1 );
  assert( idx>=0 && idx<=15 );




  *pMeta = get4byte(&pBt->pPage1->aData[36 + idx*4]);


  /* If auto-vacuum is disabled in this build and this is an auto-vacuum
  ** database, mark the database as read-only.  */
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
  if( idx==BTREE_LARGEST_ROOT_PAGE && *pMeta>0 ){
    pBt->btsFlags |= BTS_READ_ONLY;
  }
................................................................................
    ** caller.
    */
    if( pPage->leaf ){
      do {
        if( pCur->iPage==0 ){
          /* All pages of the b-tree have been visited. Return successfully. */
          *pnEntry = nEntry;
          return SQLITE_OK;
        }
        moveToParent(pCur);
      }while ( pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage]>=pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]->nCell );

      pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage]++;
      pPage = pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage];
    }
................................................................................
  if( hit==0 ){
    pCheck->mallocFailed = 1;
  }else{
    int contentOffset = get2byteNotZero(&data[hdr+5]);
    assert( contentOffset<=usableSize );  /* Enforced by btreeInitPage() */
    memset(hit+contentOffset, 0, usableSize-contentOffset);
    memset(hit, 1, contentOffset);


    nCell = get2byte(&data[hdr+3]);


    cellStart = hdr + 12 - 4*pPage->leaf;


    for(i=0; i<nCell; i++){
      int pc = get2byte(&data[cellStart+i*2]);
      u32 size = 65536;
      int j;
      if( pc<=usableSize-4 ){
        size = cellSizePtr(pPage, &data[pc]);
      }
................................................................................
        pCheck->zPfx = 0;
        checkAppendMsg(pCheck,
            "Corruption detected in cell %d on page %d",i,iPage);
      }else{
        for(j=pc+size-1; j>=pc; j--) hit[j]++;
      }
    }



    i = get2byte(&data[hdr+1]);
    while( i>0 ){
      int size, j;
      assert( i<=usableSize-4 );     /* Enforced by btreeInitPage() */
      size = get2byte(&data[i+2]);
      assert( i+size<=usableSize );  /* Enforced by btreeInitPage() */
      for(j=i+size-1; j>=i; j--) hit[j]++;




      j = get2byte(&data[i]);


      assert( j==0 || j>i+size );  /* Enforced by btreeInitPage() */
      assert( j<=usableSize-4 );   /* Enforced by btreeInitPage() */
      i = j;
    }
    for(i=cnt=0; i<usableSize; i++){
      if( hit[i]==0 ){
        cnt++;
      }else if( hit[i]>1 ){
        checkAppendMsg(pCheck,
          "Multiple uses for byte %d of page %d", i, iPage);
        break;
      }
    }





    if( cnt!=data[hdr+7] ){
      checkAppendMsg(pCheck,
          "Fragmentation of %d bytes reported as %d on page %d",
          cnt, data[hdr+7], iPage);
    }
  }
  sqlite3PageFree(hit);
................................................................................
/*
** Return true if the given Btree is read-only.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeIsReadonly(Btree *p){
  return (p->pBt->btsFlags & BTS_READ_ONLY)!=0;
}






/************** End of btree.c ***********************************************/
/************** Begin file backup.c ******************************************/
/*
** 2009 January 28
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
................................................................................
** of the source.
*/
static int setDestPgsz(sqlite3_backup *p){
  int rc;
  rc = sqlite3BtreeSetPageSize(p->pDest,sqlite3BtreeGetPageSize(p->pSrc),-1,0);
  return rc;
}















/*
** Create an sqlite3_backup process to copy the contents of zSrcDb from
** connection handle pSrcDb to zDestDb in pDestDb. If successful, return
** a pointer to the new sqlite3_backup object.
**
** If an error occurs, NULL is returned and an error code and error message
................................................................................
SQLITE_API sqlite3_backup *sqlite3_backup_init(
  sqlite3* pDestDb,                     /* Database to write to */
  const char *zDestDb,                  /* Name of database within pDestDb */
  sqlite3* pSrcDb,                      /* Database connection to read from */
  const char *zSrcDb                    /* Name of database within pSrcDb */
){
  sqlite3_backup *p;                    /* Value to return */








  /* Lock the source database handle. The destination database
  ** handle is not locked in this routine, but it is locked in
  ** sqlite3_backup_step(). The user is required to ensure that no
  ** other thread accesses the destination handle for the duration
  ** of the backup operation.  Any attempt to use the destination
  ** database connection while a backup is in progress may cause
................................................................................
    p->pSrc = findBtree(pDestDb, pSrcDb, zSrcDb);
    p->pDest = findBtree(pDestDb, pDestDb, zDestDb);
    p->pDestDb = pDestDb;
    p->pSrcDb = pSrcDb;
    p->iNext = 1;
    p->isAttached = 0;


    if( 0==p->pSrc || 0==p->pDest || setDestPgsz(p)==SQLITE_NOMEM ){


      /* One (or both) of the named databases did not exist or an OOM

      ** error was hit.  The error has already been written into the
      ** pDestDb handle.  All that is left to do here is free the
      ** sqlite3_backup structure.
      */
      sqlite3_free(p);
      p = 0;
    }
  }
  if( p ){
    p->pSrc->nBackup++;
  }
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_backup_step(sqlite3_backup *p, int nPage){
  int rc;
  int destMode;       /* Destination journal mode */
  int pgszSrc = 0;    /* Source page size */
  int pgszDest = 0;   /* Destination page size */




  sqlite3_mutex_enter(p->pSrcDb->mutex);
  sqlite3BtreeEnter(p->pSrc);
  if( p->pDestDb ){
    sqlite3_mutex_enter(p->pDestDb->mutex);
  }

  rc = p->rc;
................................................................................
}

/*
** Return the number of pages still to be backed up as of the most recent
** call to sqlite3_backup_step().
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_backup_remaining(sqlite3_backup *p){






  return p->nRemaining;
}

/*
** Return the total number of pages in the source database as of the most 
** recent call to sqlite3_backup_step().
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_backup_pagecount(sqlite3_backup *p){






  return p->nPagecount;
}

/*
** This function is called after the contents of page iPage of the
** source database have been modified. If page iPage has already been 
** copied into the destination database, then the data written to the
................................................................................
** match, or false otherwise. This function is intended to be used as
** part of an assert statement in the compiler. Similar to:
**
**   assert( sqlite3VdbeAssertMayAbort(pParse->pVdbe, pParse->mayAbort) );
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAssertMayAbort(Vdbe *v, int mayAbort){
  int hasAbort = 0;

  Op *pOp;
  VdbeOpIter sIter;
  memset(&sIter, 0, sizeof(sIter));
  sIter.v = v;

  while( (pOp = opIterNext(&sIter))!=0 ){
    int opcode = pOp->opcode;
    if( opcode==OP_Destroy || opcode==OP_VUpdate || opcode==OP_VRename 
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
     || (opcode==OP_FkCounter && pOp->p1==0 && pOp->p2==1) 
#endif
     || ((opcode==OP_Halt || opcode==OP_HaltIfNull) 
      && ((pOp->p1&0xff)==SQLITE_CONSTRAINT && pOp->p2==OE_Abort))
    ){
      hasAbort = 1;
      break;
    }





  }
  sqlite3DbFree(v->db, sIter.apSub);

  /* Return true if hasAbort==mayAbort. Or if a malloc failure occurred.
  ** If malloc failed, then the while() loop above may not have iterated
  ** through all opcodes and hasAbort may be set incorrectly. Return
  ** true for this case to prevent the assert() in the callers frame
  ** from failing.  */
  return ( v->db->mallocFailed || hasAbort==mayAbort );
}
#endif /* SQLITE_DEBUG - the sqlite3AssertMayAbort() function */

/*
** Loop through the program looking for P2 values that are negative
** on jump instructions.  Each such value is a label.  Resolve the
** label by setting the P2 value to its correct non-zero value.
................................................................................
      }
#endif
    }
    p->nOp += nOp;
  }
  return addr;
}





























/*
** Change the value of the P1 operand for a specific instruction.
** This routine is useful when a large program is loaded from a
** static array using sqlite3VdbeAddOpList but we want to make a
** few minor changes to the program.
*/
................................................................................
    p->aMem = allocSpace(p->aMem, nMem*sizeof(Mem), &zCsr, zEnd, &nByte);
    p->aVar = allocSpace(p->aVar, nVar*sizeof(Mem), &zCsr, zEnd, &nByte);
    p->apArg = allocSpace(p->apArg, nArg*sizeof(Mem*), &zCsr, zEnd, &nByte);
    p->azVar = allocSpace(p->azVar, nVar*sizeof(char*), &zCsr, zEnd, &nByte);
    p->apCsr = allocSpace(p->apCsr, nCursor*sizeof(VdbeCursor*),
                          &zCsr, zEnd, &nByte);
    p->aOnceFlag = allocSpace(p->aOnceFlag, nOnce, &zCsr, zEnd, &nByte);



    if( nByte ){
      p->pFree = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, nByte);
    }
    zCsr = p->pFree;
    zEnd = &zCsr[nByte];
  }while( nByte && !db->mallocFailed );

................................................................................
  if( p->aVar ){
    p->nVar = (ynVar)nVar;
    for(n=0; n<nVar; n++){
      p->aVar[n].flags = MEM_Null;
      p->aVar[n].db = db;
    }
  }
  if( p->azVar ){
    p->nzVar = pParse->nzVar;
    memcpy(p->azVar, pParse->azVar, p->nzVar*sizeof(p->azVar[0]));
    memset(pParse->azVar, 0, pParse->nzVar*sizeof(pParse->azVar[0]));
  }
  if( p->aMem ){
    p->aMem--;                      /* aMem[] goes from 1..nMem */
    p->nMem = nMem;                 /*       not from 0..nMem-1 */
................................................................................
/*
** Copy the values stored in the VdbeFrame structure to its Vdbe. This
** is used, for example, when a trigger sub-program is halted to restore
** control to the main program.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeFrameRestore(VdbeFrame *pFrame){
  Vdbe *v = pFrame->v;



  v->aOnceFlag = pFrame->aOnceFlag;
  v->nOnceFlag = pFrame->nOnceFlag;
  v->aOp = pFrame->aOp;
  v->nOp = pFrame->nOp;
  v->aMem = pFrame->aMem;
  v->nMem = pFrame->nMem;
  v->apCsr = pFrame->apCsr;
  v->nCursor = pFrame->nCursor;
  v->db->lastRowid = pFrame->lastRowid;
  v->nChange = pFrame->nChange;

  return pFrame->pc;
}

/*
** Close all cursors.
**
** Also release any dynamic memory held by the VM in the Vdbe.aMem memory 
................................................................................
        }else{
          /* We are forced to roll back the active transaction. Before doing
          ** so, abort any other statements this handle currently has active.
          */
          sqlite3RollbackAll(db, SQLITE_ABORT_ROLLBACK);
          sqlite3CloseSavepoints(db);
          db->autoCommit = 1;

        }
      }
    }

    /* Check for immediate foreign key violations. */
    if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      sqlite3VdbeCheckFk(p, 0);
................................................................................
        }
        if( rc==SQLITE_BUSY && p->readOnly ){
          sqlite3VdbeLeave(p);
          return SQLITE_BUSY;
        }else if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          p->rc = rc;
          sqlite3RollbackAll(db, SQLITE_OK);

        }else{
          db->nDeferredCons = 0;
          db->nDeferredImmCons = 0;
          db->flags &= ~SQLITE_DeferFKs;
          sqlite3CommitInternalChanges(db);
        }
      }else{
        sqlite3RollbackAll(db, SQLITE_OK);

      }
      db->nStatement = 0;
    }else if( eStatementOp==0 ){
      if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK || p->errorAction==OE_Fail ){
        eStatementOp = SAVEPOINT_RELEASE;
      }else if( p->errorAction==OE_Abort ){
        eStatementOp = SAVEPOINT_ROLLBACK;
      }else{
        sqlite3RollbackAll(db, SQLITE_ABORT_ROLLBACK);
        sqlite3CloseSavepoints(db);
        db->autoCommit = 1;

      }
    }
  
    /* If eStatementOp is non-zero, then a statement transaction needs to
    ** be committed or rolled back. Call sqlite3VdbeCloseStatement() to
    ** do so. If this operation returns an error, and the current statement
    ** error code is SQLITE_OK or SQLITE_CONSTRAINT, then promote the
................................................................................
          p->rc = rc;
          sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zErrMsg);
          p->zErrMsg = 0;
        }
        sqlite3RollbackAll(db, SQLITE_ABORT_ROLLBACK);
        sqlite3CloseSavepoints(db);
        db->autoCommit = 1;

      }
    }
  
    /* If this was an INSERT, UPDATE or DELETE and no statement transaction
    ** has been rolled back, update the database connection change-counter. 
    */
    if( p->changeCntOn ){
................................................................................
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pSub);
  }
  for(i=p->nzVar-1; i>=0; i--) sqlite3DbFree(db, p->azVar[i]);
  vdbeFreeOpArray(db, p->aOp, p->nOp);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->aColName);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zSql);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->pFree);






}

/*
** Delete an entire VDBE.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeDelete(Vdbe *p){
  sqlite3 *db;
................................................................................
  }
  if( flags&MEM_Int ){
    /* Figure out whether to use 1, 2, 4, 6 or 8 bytes. */
#   define MAX_6BYTE ((((i64)0x00008000)<<32)-1)
    i64 i = pMem->u.i;
    u64 u;
    if( i<0 ){
      if( i<(-MAX_6BYTE) ) return 6;
      /* Previous test prevents:  u = -(-9223372036854775808) */
      u = -i;
    }else{
      u = i;
    }
    if( u<=127 ){
      return ((i&1)==i && file_format>=4) ? 8+(u32)u : 1;
    }
    if( u<=32767 ) return 2;
................................................................................
  u32 serial_type,              /* Serial type to deserialize */
  Mem *pMem                     /* Memory cell to write value into */
){
  u64 x = FOUR_BYTE_UINT(buf);
  u32 y = FOUR_BYTE_UINT(buf+4);
  x = (x<<32) + y;
  if( serial_type==6 ){


    pMem->u.i = *(i64*)&x;
    pMem->flags = MEM_Int;
    testcase( pMem->u.i<0 );
  }else{


#if !defined(NDEBUG) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT)
    /* Verify that integers and floating point values use the same
    ** byte order.  Or, that if SQLITE_MIXED_ENDIAN_64BIT_FLOAT is
    ** defined that 64-bit floating point values really are mixed
    ** endian.
    */
    static const u64 t1 = ((u64)0x3ff00000)<<32;
................................................................................
  const unsigned char *buf,     /* Buffer to deserialize from */
  u32 serial_type,              /* Serial type to deserialize */
  Mem *pMem                     /* Memory cell to write value into */
){
  switch( serial_type ){
    case 10:   /* Reserved for future use */
    case 11:   /* Reserved for future use */
    case 0: {  /* NULL */

      pMem->flags = MEM_Null;
      break;
    }
    case 1: { /* 1-byte signed integer */


      pMem->u.i = ONE_BYTE_INT(buf);
      pMem->flags = MEM_Int;
      testcase( pMem->u.i<0 );
      return 1;
    }
    case 2: { /* 2-byte signed integer */


      pMem->u.i = TWO_BYTE_INT(buf);
      pMem->flags = MEM_Int;
      testcase( pMem->u.i<0 );
      return 2;
    }
    case 3: { /* 3-byte signed integer */


      pMem->u.i = THREE_BYTE_INT(buf);
      pMem->flags = MEM_Int;
      testcase( pMem->u.i<0 );
      return 3;
    }
    case 4: { /* 4-byte signed integer */


      pMem->u.i = FOUR_BYTE_INT(buf);
      pMem->flags = MEM_Int;
      testcase( pMem->u.i<0 );
      return 4;
    }
    case 5: { /* 6-byte signed integer */


      pMem->u.i = FOUR_BYTE_UINT(buf+2) + (((i64)1)<<32)*TWO_BYTE_INT(buf);
      pMem->flags = MEM_Int;
      testcase( pMem->u.i<0 );
      return 6;
    }
    case 6:   /* 8-byte signed integer */
    case 7: { /* IEEE floating point */
      /* These use local variables, so do them in a separate routine
      ** to avoid having to move the frame pointer in the common case */
      return serialGet(buf,serial_type,pMem);
    }
    case 8:    /* Integer 0 */
    case 9: {  /* Integer 1 */


      pMem->u.i = serial_type-8;
      pMem->flags = MEM_Int;
      return 0;
    }
    default: {




      static const u16 aFlag[] = { MEM_Blob|MEM_Ephem, MEM_Str|MEM_Ephem };
      pMem->z = (char *)buf;
      pMem->n = (serial_type-12)/2;
      pMem->flags = aFlag[serial_type&1];
      return pMem->n;
    }
  }
................................................................................
static int doWalCallbacks(sqlite3 *db){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  int i;
  for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
    Btree *pBt = db->aDb[i].pBt;
    if( pBt ){


      int nEntry = sqlite3PagerWalCallback(sqlite3BtreePager(pBt));

      if( db->xWalCallback && nEntry>0 && rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        rc = db->xWalCallback(db->pWalArg, db, db->aDb[i].zName, nEntry);
      }
    }
  }
#endif
  return rc;
................................................................................
    ** into the database handle. This block copies the error message 
    ** from the database handle into the statement and sets the statement
    ** program counter to 0 to ensure that when the statement is 
    ** finalized or reset the parser error message is available via
    ** sqlite3_errmsg() and sqlite3_errcode().
    */
    const char *zErr = (const char *)sqlite3_value_text(db->pErr); 
    assert( zErr!=0 || db->mallocFailed );
    sqlite3DbFree(db, v->zErrMsg);
    if( !db->mallocFailed ){
      v->zErrMsg = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, zErr);
      v->rc = rc2;
    } else {
      v->zErrMsg = 0;
      v->rc = rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
................................................................................
*/
static const void *columnName(
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt,
  int N,
  const void *(*xFunc)(Mem*),
  int useType
){
  const void *ret = 0;
  Vdbe *p = (Vdbe *)pStmt;
  int n;
  sqlite3 *db = p->db;




  




  assert( db!=0 );
  n = sqlite3_column_count(pStmt);
  if( N<n && N>=0 ){
    N += useType*n;
    sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
    assert( db->mallocFailed==0 );
    ret = xFunc(&p->aColName[N]);
................................................................................
** Return a pointer to the next prepared statement after pStmt associated
** with database connection pDb.  If pStmt is NULL, return the first
** prepared statement for the database connection.  Return NULL if there
** are no more.
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3_stmt *sqlite3_next_stmt(sqlite3 *pDb, sqlite3_stmt *pStmt){
  sqlite3_stmt *pNext;






  sqlite3_mutex_enter(pDb->mutex);
  if( pStmt==0 ){
    pNext = (sqlite3_stmt*)pDb->pVdbe;
  }else{
    pNext = (sqlite3_stmt*)((Vdbe*)pStmt)->pNext;
  }
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(pDb->mutex);
................................................................................
}

/*
** Return the value of a status counter for a prepared statement
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_stmt_status(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt, int op, int resetFlag){
  Vdbe *pVdbe = (Vdbe*)pStmt;







  u32 v = pVdbe->aCounter[op];
  if( resetFlag ) pVdbe->aCounter[op] = 0;
  return (int)v;
}






































































/************** End of vdbeapi.c *********************************************/
/************** Begin file vdbetrace.c ***************************************/
/*
** 2009 November 25
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
................................................................................
    assert( pc>=0 && pc<p->nOp );
    if( db->mallocFailed ) goto no_mem;
#ifdef VDBE_PROFILE
    start = sqlite3Hwtime();
#endif
    nVmStep++;
    pOp = &aOp[pc];




    /* Only allow tracing if SQLITE_DEBUG is defined.
    */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    if( db->flags & SQLITE_VdbeTrace ){
      sqlite3VdbePrintOp(stdout, pc, pOp);
    }
................................................................................
    }
    nData += len;
    testcase( serial_type==127 );
    testcase( serial_type==128 );
    nHdr += serial_type<=127 ? 1 : sqlite3VarintLen(serial_type);
  }while( (--pRec)>=pData0 );

  /* Add the initial header varint and total the size */



  testcase( nHdr==126 );
  testcase( nHdr==127 );
  if( nHdr<=126 ){
    /* The common case */
    nHdr += 1;
  }else{
    /* Rare case of a really large header */
................................................................................
  /* Write the record */
  i = putVarint32(zNewRecord, nHdr);
  j = nHdr;
  assert( pData0<=pLast );
  pRec = pData0;
  do{
    serial_type = pRec->uTemp;


    i += putVarint32(&zNewRecord[i], serial_type);            /* serial type */


    j += sqlite3VdbeSerialPut(&zNewRecord[j], pRec, serial_type); /* content */
  }while( (++pRec)<=pLast );
  assert( i==nHdr );
  assert( j==nByte );

  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  pOut->n = (int)nByte;
................................................................................
      if( ii ) REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3+ii, &r.aMem[ii]);
#endif
    }
    pIdxKey = &r;
  }else{
    pIdxKey = sqlite3VdbeAllocUnpackedRecord(
        pC->pKeyInfo, aTempRec, sizeof(aTempRec), &pFree
    ); 
    if( pIdxKey==0 ) goto no_mem;
    assert( pIn3->flags & MEM_Blob );
    assert( (pIn3->flags & MEM_Zero)==0 );  /* zeroblobs already expanded */
    sqlite3VdbeRecordUnpack(pC->pKeyInfo, pIn3->n, pIn3->z, pIdxKey);
  }
  pIdxKey->default_rc = 0;
  if( pOp->opcode==OP_NoConflict ){
    /* For the OP_NoConflict opcode, take the jump if any of the
    ** input fields are NULL, since any key with a NULL will not
    ** conflict */
    for(ii=0; ii<r.nField; ii++){
      if( r.aMem[ii].flags & MEM_Null ){
        pc = pOp->p2 - 1; VdbeBranchTaken(1,2);
        break;
      }
    }
  }
  rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(pC->pCursor, pIdxKey, 0, 0, &res);
  if( pOp->p4.i==0 ){
................................................................................
  p->aCounter[SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_SORT]++;
  /* Fall through into OP_Rewind */
}
/* Opcode: Rewind P1 P2 * * *
**
** The next use of the Rowid or Column or Next instruction for P1 
** will refer to the first entry in the database table or index.
** If the table or index is empty and P2>0, then jump immediately to P2.
** If P2 is 0 or if the table or index is not empty, fall through
** to the following instruction.
**
** This opcode leaves the cursor configured to move in forward order,
** from the beginning toward the end.  In other words, the cursor is
** configured to use Next, not Prev.
*/
case OP_Rewind: {        /* jump */
  VdbeCursor *pC;
................................................................................
    pFrame->apCsr = p->apCsr;
    pFrame->nCursor = p->nCursor;
    pFrame->aOp = p->aOp;
    pFrame->nOp = p->nOp;
    pFrame->token = pProgram->token;
    pFrame->aOnceFlag = p->aOnceFlag;
    pFrame->nOnceFlag = p->nOnceFlag;




    pEnd = &VdbeFrameMem(pFrame)[pFrame->nChildMem];
    for(pMem=VdbeFrameMem(pFrame); pMem!=pEnd; pMem++){
      pMem->flags = MEM_Undefined;
      pMem->db = db;
    }
  }else{
................................................................................
    assert( pc==pFrame->pc );
  }

  p->nFrame++;
  pFrame->pParent = p->pFrame;
  pFrame->lastRowid = lastRowid;
  pFrame->nChange = p->nChange;

  p->nChange = 0;
  p->pFrame = pFrame;
  p->aMem = aMem = &VdbeFrameMem(pFrame)[-1];
  p->nMem = pFrame->nChildMem;
  p->nCursor = (u16)pFrame->nChildCsr;
  p->apCsr = (VdbeCursor **)&aMem[p->nMem+1];
  p->aOp = aOp = pProgram->aOp;
  p->nOp = pProgram->nOp;
  p->aOnceFlag = (u8 *)&p->apCsr[p->nCursor];
  p->nOnceFlag = pProgram->nOnce;



  pc = -1;
  memset(p->aOnceFlag, 0, p->nOnceFlag);

  break;
}

/* Opcode: Param P1 P2 * * *
................................................................................
  break;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
/* Opcode: Checkpoint P1 P2 P3 * *
**
** Checkpoint database P1. This is a no-op if P1 is not currently in
** WAL mode. Parameter P2 is one of SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE, FULL
** or RESTART.  Write 1 or 0 into mem[P3] if the checkpoint returns
** SQLITE_BUSY or not, respectively.  Write the number of pages in the
** WAL after the checkpoint into mem[P3+1] and the number of pages
** in the WAL that have been checkpointed after the checkpoint
** completes into mem[P3+2].  However on an error, mem[P3+1] and
** mem[P3+2] are initialized to -1.
*/
case OP_Checkpoint: {
................................................................................

  assert( p->readOnly==0 );
  aRes[0] = 0;
  aRes[1] = aRes[2] = -1;
  assert( pOp->p2==SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE
       || pOp->p2==SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL
       || pOp->p2==SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_RESTART

  );
  rc = sqlite3Checkpoint(db, pOp->p1, pOp->p2, &aRes[1], &aRes[2]);
  if( rc==SQLITE_BUSY ){
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
    aRes[0] = 1;
  }
  for(i=0, pMem = &aMem[pOp->p3]; i<3; i++, pMem++){
................................................................................

  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  char *zErr = 0;
  Table *pTab;
  Parse *pParse = 0;
  Incrblob *pBlob = 0;






  flags = !!flags;                /* flags = (flags ? 1 : 0); */
  *ppBlob = 0;

  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);

  pBlob = (Incrblob *)sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(Incrblob));
  if( !pBlob ) goto blob_open_out;
................................................................................
  db = p->db;
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  v = (Vdbe*)p->pStmt;

  if( n<0 || iOffset<0 || (iOffset+n)>p->nByte ){
    /* Request is out of range. Return a transient error. */
    rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
    sqlite3Error(db, SQLITE_ERROR);
  }else if( v==0 ){
    /* If there is no statement handle, then the blob-handle has
    ** already been invalidated. Return SQLITE_ABORT in this case.
    */
    rc = SQLITE_ABORT;
  }else{
    /* Call either BtreeData() or BtreePutData(). If SQLITE_ABORT is
................................................................................
    sqlite3BtreeEnterCursor(p->pCsr);
    rc = xCall(p->pCsr, iOffset+p->iOffset, n, z);
    sqlite3BtreeLeaveCursor(p->pCsr);
    if( rc==SQLITE_ABORT ){
      sqlite3VdbeFinalize(v);
      p->pStmt = 0;
    }else{
      db->errCode = rc;
      v->rc = rc;
    }
  }

  rc = sqlite3ApiExit(db, rc);
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Read data from a blob handle.
................................................................................
** calling thread usually launches a worker thread to do so. Except, if
** there are already N worker threads running, the main thread does the work
** itself.
**
** The sorter is running in multi-threaded mode if (a) the library was built
** with pre-processor symbol SQLITE_MAX_WORKER_THREADS set to a value greater
** than zero, and (b) worker threads have been enabled at runtime by calling
** sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_WORKER_THREADS, ...).
**
** When Rewind() is called, any data remaining in memory is flushed to a 
** final PMA. So at this point the data is stored in some number of sorted
** PMAs within temporary files on disk.
**
** If there are fewer than SORTER_MAX_MERGE_COUNT PMAs in total and the
** sorter is running in single-threaded mode, then these PMAs are merged
................................................................................
** messages to stderr that may be helpful in understanding the performance
** characteristics of the sorter in multi-threaded mode.
*/
#if 0
# define SQLITE_DEBUG_SORTER_THREADS 1
#endif








/*
** Private objects used by the sorter
*/
typedef struct MergeEngine MergeEngine;     /* Merge PMAs together */
typedef struct PmaReader PmaReader;         /* Incrementally read one PMA */
typedef struct PmaWriter PmaWriter;         /* Incrementally write one PMA */
typedef struct SorterRecord SorterRecord;   /* A record being sorted */
................................................................................
/* Return a pointer to the buffer containing the record data for SorterRecord
** object p. Should be used as if:
**
**   void *SRVAL(SorterRecord *p) { return (void*)&p[1]; }
*/
#define SRVAL(p) ((void*)((SorterRecord*)(p) + 1))

/* The minimum PMA size is set to this value multiplied by the database
** page size in bytes.  */
#define SORTER_MIN_WORKING 10

/* Maximum number of PMAs that a single MergeEngine can merge */
#define SORTER_MAX_MERGE_COUNT 16

static int vdbeIncrSwap(IncrMerger*);
static void vdbeIncrFree(IncrMerger *);

................................................................................
    pSorter->db = db;
    for(i=0; i<pSorter->nTask; i++){
      SortSubtask *pTask = &pSorter->aTask[i];
      pTask->pSorter = pSorter;
    }

    if( !sqlite3TempInMemory(db) ){

      pSorter->mnPmaSize = SORTER_MIN_WORKING * pgsz;
      mxCache = db->aDb[0].pSchema->cache_size;
      if( mxCache<SORTER_MIN_WORKING ) mxCache = SORTER_MIN_WORKING;

      pSorter->mxPmaSize = mxCache * pgsz;

      /* If the application has not configure scratch memory using
      ** SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH then we assume it is OK to do large memory
      ** allocations.  If scratch memory has been configured, then assume
      ** large memory allocations should be avoided to prevent heap
      ** fragmentation.
      */
      if( sqlite3GlobalConfig.pScratch==0 ){
        assert( pSorter->iMemory==0 );
        pSorter->nMemory = pgsz;
        pSorter->list.aMemory = (u8*)sqlite3Malloc(pgsz);
        if( !pSorter->list.aMemory ) rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
      }
................................................................................
** the VFS has memory mapped it.
**
** Whether or not the file does end up memory mapped of course depends on
** the specific VFS implementation.
*/
static void vdbeSorterExtendFile(sqlite3 *db, sqlite3_file *pFd, i64 nByte){
  if( nByte<=(i64)(db->nMaxSorterMmap) && pFd->pMethods->iVersion>=3 ){
    int rc = sqlite3OsTruncate(pFd, nByte);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      void *p = 0;



      sqlite3OsFetch(pFd, 0, (int)nByte, &p);
      sqlite3OsUnfetch(pFd, 0, p);
    }
  }
}
#else
# define vdbeSorterExtendFile(x,y,z)
#endif

/*
................................................................................
#if SQLITE_MAX_WORKER_THREADS>0
    if( pSorter->bUseThreads ){
      rc = vdbePmaReaderNext(pSorter->pReader);
      *pbEof = (pSorter->pReader->pFd==0);
    }else
#endif
    /*if( !pSorter->bUseThreads )*/ {

      assert( pSorter->pMerger->pTask==(&pSorter->aTask[0]) );
      rc = vdbeMergeEngineStep(pSorter->pMerger, pbEof);
    }
  }else{
    SorterRecord *pFree = pSorter->list.pList;
    pSorter->list.pList = pFree->u.pNext;
    pFree->u.pNext = 0;
................................................................................
** This needs to occur when copying a TK_AGG_FUNCTION node from an
** outer query into an inner subquery.
**
** incrAggFunctionDepth(pExpr,n) is the main routine.  incrAggDepth(..)
** is a helper function - a callback for the tree walker.
*/
static int incrAggDepth(Walker *pWalker, Expr *pExpr){
  if( pExpr->op==TK_AGG_FUNCTION ) pExpr->op2 += pWalker->u.i;
  return WRC_Continue;
}
static void incrAggFunctionDepth(Expr *pExpr, int N){
  if( N>0 ){
    Walker w;
    memset(&w, 0, sizeof(w));
    w.xExprCallback = incrAggDepth;
    w.u.i = N;
    sqlite3WalkExpr(&w, pExpr);
  }
}

/*
** Turn the pExpr expression into an alias for the iCol-th column of the
** result set in pEList.
................................................................................
*/
static int exprProbability(Expr *p){
  double r = -1.0;
  if( p->op!=TK_FLOAT ) return -1;
  sqlite3AtoF(p->u.zToken, &r, sqlite3Strlen30(p->u.zToken), SQLITE_UTF8);
  assert( r>=0.0 );
  if( r>1.0 ) return -1;
  return (int)(r*1000.0);
}

/*
** This routine is callback for sqlite3WalkExpr().
**
** Resolve symbolic names into TK_COLUMN operators for the current
** node in the expression tree.  Return 0 to continue the search down
................................................................................
            ** EVIDENCE-OF: R-01283-11636 The unlikely(X) function is short-hand for
            ** likelihood(X,0.0625).
            ** EVIDENCE-OF: R-36850-34127 The likely(X) function is short-hand for
            ** likelihood(X,0.9375).
            ** EVIDENCE-OF: R-53436-40973 The likely(X) function is equivalent to
            ** likelihood(X,0.9375). */
            /* TUNING: unlikely() probability is 0.0625.  likely() is 0.9375 */
            pExpr->iTable = pDef->zName[0]=='u' ? 62 : 938;
          }             
        }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
        auth = sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_FUNCTION, 0, pDef->zName, 0);
        if( auth!=SQLITE_OK ){
          if( auth==SQLITE_DENY ){
            sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "not authorized to use function: %s",
................................................................................
  Parse *pParse,          /* Parsing context */
  int op,                 /* Expression opcode */
  Expr *pLeft,            /* Left operand */
  Expr *pRight,           /* Right operand */
  const Token *pToken     /* Argument token */
){
  Expr *p;
  if( op==TK_AND && pLeft && pRight ){
    /* Take advantage of short-circuit false optimization for AND */
    p = sqlite3ExprAnd(pParse->db, pLeft, pRight);
  }else{
    p = sqlite3ExprAlloc(pParse->db, op, pToken, 1);
    sqlite3ExprAttachSubtrees(pParse->db, p, pLeft, pRight);
  }
  if( p ) {
................................................................................
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pItem->zSpan);
  }
  sqlite3DbFree(db, pList->a);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, pList);
}

/*
** These routines are Walker callbacks.  Walker.u.pi is a pointer
** to an integer.  These routines are checking an expression to see
** if it is a constant.  Set *Walker.u.i to 0 if the expression is
** not constant.
**
** These callback routines are used to implement the following:
**
**     sqlite3ExprIsConstant()                  pWalker->u.i==1
**     sqlite3ExprIsConstantNotJoin()           pWalker->u.i==2

**     sqlite3ExprIsConstantOrFunction()        pWalker->u.i==3 or 4
**



** The sqlite3ExprIsConstantOrFunction() is used for evaluating expressions
** in a CREATE TABLE statement.  The Walker.u.i value is 4 when parsing
** an existing schema and 3 when processing a new statement.  A bound
** parameter raises an error for new statements, but is silently converted
** to NULL for existing schemas.  This allows sqlite_master tables that 
** contain a bound parameter because they were generated by older versions
** of SQLite to be parsed by newer versions of SQLite without raising a
** malformed schema error.
*/
static int exprNodeIsConstant(Walker *pWalker, Expr *pExpr){

  /* If pWalker->u.i is 2 then any term of the expression that comes from
  ** the ON or USING clauses of a join disqualifies the expression
  ** from being considered constant. */
  if( pWalker->u.i==2 && ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_FromJoin) ){
    pWalker->u.i = 0;
    return WRC_Abort;
  }

  switch( pExpr->op ){
    /* Consider functions to be constant if all their arguments are constant
    ** and either pWalker->u.i==3 or 4 or the function as the SQLITE_FUNC_CONST
    ** flag. */
    case TK_FUNCTION:
      if( pWalker->u.i>=3 || ExprHasProperty(pExpr,EP_Constant) ){
        return WRC_Continue;



      }
      /* Fall through */
    case TK_ID:
    case TK_COLUMN:
    case TK_AGG_FUNCTION:
    case TK_AGG_COLUMN:
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_ID );
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_COLUMN );
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_AGG_FUNCTION );
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_AGG_COLUMN );



      pWalker->u.i = 0;
      return WRC_Abort;

    case TK_VARIABLE:
      if( pWalker->u.i==4 ){
        /* Silently convert bound parameters that appear inside of CREATE
        ** statements into a NULL when parsing the CREATE statement text out
        ** of the sqlite_master table */
        pExpr->op = TK_NULL;
      }else if( pWalker->u.i==3 ){
        /* A bound parameter in a CREATE statement that originates from
        ** sqlite3_prepare() causes an error */
        pWalker->u.i = 0;
        return WRC_Abort;
      }
      /* Fall through */
    default:
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_SELECT ); /* selectNodeIsConstant will disallow */
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_EXISTS ); /* selectNodeIsConstant will disallow */
      return WRC_Continue;
  }
}
static int selectNodeIsConstant(Walker *pWalker, Select *NotUsed){
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(NotUsed);
  pWalker->u.i = 0;
  return WRC_Abort;
}
static int exprIsConst(Expr *p, int initFlag){
  Walker w;
  memset(&w, 0, sizeof(w));
  w.u.i = initFlag;
  w.xExprCallback = exprNodeIsConstant;
  w.xSelectCallback = selectNodeIsConstant;

  sqlite3WalkExpr(&w, p);
  return w.u.i;
}

/*
** Walk an expression tree.  Return 1 if the expression is constant
** and 0 if it involves variables or function calls.
**
** For the purposes of this function, a double-quoted string (ex: "abc")
** is considered a variable but a single-quoted string (ex: 'abc') is
** a constant.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprIsConstant(Expr *p){
  return exprIsConst(p, 1);
}

/*
** Walk an expression tree.  Return 1 if the expression is constant
** that does no originate from the ON or USING clauses of a join.
** Return 0 if it involves variables or function calls or terms from
** an ON or USING clause.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprIsConstantNotJoin(Expr *p){
  return exprIsConst(p, 2);
}

/*
** Walk an expression tree.  Return 1 if the expression is constant










** or a function call with constant arguments.  Return and 0 if there
** are any variables.
**
** For the purposes of this function, a double-quoted string (ex: "abc")
** is considered a variable but a single-quoted string (ex: 'abc') is
** a constant.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprIsConstantOrFunction(Expr *p, u8 isInit){
  assert( isInit==0 || isInit==1 );
  return exprIsConst(p, 3+isInit);
}

/*
** If the expression p codes a constant integer that is small enough
** to fit in a 32-bit integer, return 1 and put the value of the integer
** in *pValue.  If the expression is not an integer or if it is too big
** to fit in a signed 32-bit integer, return 0 and leave *pValue unchanged.
................................................................................
        (pExpr->iTable ? "new" : "old"),
        (pExpr->iColumn<0 ? "rowid" : pExpr->pTab->aCol[pExpr->iColumn].zName),
        target
      ));

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
      /* If the column has REAL affinity, it may currently be stored as an
      ** integer. Use OP_RealAffinity to make sure it is really real.  */



      if( pExpr->iColumn>=0 
       && pTab->aCol[pExpr->iColumn].affinity==SQLITE_AFF_REAL
      ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_RealAffinity, target);
      }
#endif
      break;
................................................................................
  ** TK_COLUMNs have not yet been converted into TK_AGG_COLUMN.  If
  ** sqlite3FunctionUsesThisSrc() is used differently in the future, the
  ** NEVER() will need to be removed. */
  if( pExpr->op==TK_COLUMN || NEVER(pExpr->op==TK_AGG_COLUMN) ){
    int i;
    struct SrcCount *p = pWalker->u.pSrcCount;
    SrcList *pSrc = p->pSrc;

    for(i=0; i<pSrc->nSrc; i++){
      if( pExpr->iTable==pSrc->a[i].iCursor ) break;
    }
    if( i<pSrc->nSrc ){
      p->nThis++;
    }else{
      p->nOther++;
    }
  }
  return WRC_Continue;
}
................................................................................
    u8 *pSpace;                     /* Allocated space not yet assigned */
    int i;                          /* Used to iterate through p->aSample[] */

    p->iGet = -1;
    p->mxSample = mxSample;
    p->nPSample = (tRowcnt)(sqlite3_value_int64(argv[2])/(mxSample/3+1) + 1);
    p->current.anLt = &p->current.anEq[nColUp];
    p->iPrn = nCol*0x689e962d ^ sqlite3_value_int(argv[2])*0xd0944565;
  
    /* Set up the Stat4Accum.a[] and aBest[] arrays */
    p->a = (struct Stat4Sample*)&p->current.anLt[nColUp];
    p->aBest = &p->a[mxSample];
    pSpace = (u8*)(&p->a[mxSample+nCol]);
    for(i=0; i<(mxSample+nCol); i++){
      p->a[i].anEq = (tRowcnt *)pSpace; pSpace += (sizeof(tRowcnt) * nColUp);
................................................................................
    UNUSED_PARAMETER(aOut);
    assert( aLog!=0 );
    aLog[i] = sqlite3LogEst(v);
#endif
    if( *z==' ' ) z++;
  }
#ifndef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  assert( pIndex!=0 );
#else
  if( pIndex )
#endif


  while( z[0] ){
    if( sqlite3_strglob("unordered*", z)==0 ){
      pIndex->bUnordered = 1;
    }else if( sqlite3_strglob("sz=[0-9]*", z)==0 ){
      pIndex->szIdxRow = sqlite3LogEst(sqlite3Atoi(z+3));


    }
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COSTMULT
    else if( sqlite3_strglob("costmult=[0-9]*",z)==0 ){
      pIndex->pTable->costMult = sqlite3LogEst(sqlite3Atoi(z+9));
    }
#endif
    while( z[0]!=0 && z[0]!=' ' ) z++;
    while( z[0]==' ' ) z++;

  }
}

/*
** This callback is invoked once for each index when reading the
** sqlite_stat1 table.  
**
................................................................................
        nRow = pFinal->anLt[iCol];
        nDist100 = (i64)100 * pFinal->anDLt[iCol];
        nSample--;
      }else{
        nRow = pIdx->aiRowEst[0];
        nDist100 = ((i64)100 * pIdx->aiRowEst[0]) / pIdx->aiRowEst[iCol+1];
      }


      /* Set nSum to the number of distinct (iCol+1) field prefixes that
      ** occur in the stat4 table for this index. Set sumEq to the sum of 
      ** the nEq values for column iCol for the same set (adding the value 
      ** only once where there exist duplicate prefixes).  */
      for(i=0; i<nSample; i++){
        if( i==(pIdx->nSample-1)
................................................................................
    rc = sqlite3_exec(db, zSql, analysisLoader, &sInfo, 0);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, zSql);
  }


  /* Load the statistics from the sqlite_stat4 table. */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    int lookasideEnabled = db->lookaside.bEnabled;
    db->lookaside.bEnabled = 0;
    rc = loadStat4(db, sInfo.zDatabase);
    db->lookaside.bEnabled = lookasideEnabled;
  }
  for(i=sqliteHashFirst(&db->aDb[iDb].pSchema->idxHash);i;i=sqliteHashNext(i)){
    Index *pIdx = sqliteHashData(i);
................................................................................
    if( !aNew->pSchema ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }else if( aNew->pSchema->file_format && aNew->pSchema->enc!=ENC(db) ){
      zErrDyn = sqlite3MPrintf(db, 
        "attached databases must use the same text encoding as main database");
      rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
    }

    pPager = sqlite3BtreePager(aNew->pBt);
    sqlite3PagerLockingMode(pPager, db->dfltLockMode);
    sqlite3BtreeSecureDelete(aNew->pBt,
                             sqlite3BtreeSecureDelete(db->aDb[0].pBt,-1) );
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS
    sqlite3BtreeSetPagerFlags(aNew->pBt, 3 | (db->flags & PAGER_FLAGS_MASK));
#endif

  }
  aNew->safety_level = 3;
  aNew->zName = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, zName);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && aNew->zName==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }

................................................................................
** setting of the auth function is NULL.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_set_authorizer(
  sqlite3 *db,
  int (*xAuth)(void*,int,const char*,const char*,const char*,const char*),
  void *pArg
){



  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  db->xAuth = (sqlite3_xauth)xAuth;
  db->pAuthArg = pArg;
  sqlite3ExpirePreparedStatements(db);
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
................................................................................
** auxiliary databases added using the ATTACH command.
**
** See also sqlite3LocateTable().
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE Table *sqlite3FindTable(sqlite3 *db, const char *zName, const char *zDatabase){
  Table *p = 0;
  int i;
  assert( zName!=0 );





  /* All mutexes are required for schema access.  Make sure we hold them. */
  assert( zDatabase!=0 || sqlite3BtreeHoldsAllMutexes(db) );
#if SQLITE_USER_AUTHENTICATION
  /* Only the admin user is allowed to know that the sqlite_user table
  ** exists */
  if( db->auth.authLevel<UAUTH_Admin && sqlite3UserAuthTable(zName)!=0 ){
    return 0;
................................................................................
/*
** Reclaim the memory used by an index
*/
static void freeIndex(sqlite3 *db, Index *p){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_ANALYZE
  sqlite3DeleteIndexSamples(db, p);
#endif
  if( db==0 || db->pnBytesFreed==0 ) sqlite3KeyInfoUnref(p->pKeyInfo);
  sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pPartIdxWhere);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zColAff);
  if( p->isResized ) sqlite3DbFree(db, p->azColl);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  sqlite3_free(p->aiRowEst);
#endif
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p);
................................................................................
    assert( pParse->pNewTable==pTab );
    pPk = sqlite3CreateIndex(pParse, 0, 0, 0, pList, pTab->keyConf, 0, 0, 0, 0);
    if( pPk==0 ) return;
    pPk->idxType = SQLITE_IDXTYPE_PRIMARYKEY;
    pTab->iPKey = -1;
  }else{
    pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab);













  }
  pPk->isCovering = 1;
  assert( pPk!=0 );
  nPk = pPk->nKeyCol;

  /* Make sure every column of the PRIMARY KEY is NOT NULL */
  for(i=0; i<nPk; i++){
................................................................................
** So there might be multiple references to the returned pointer.  The
** caller should not try to modify the KeyInfo object.
**
** The caller should invoke sqlite3KeyInfoUnref() on the returned object
** when it has finished using it.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE KeyInfo *sqlite3KeyInfoOfIndex(Parse *pParse, Index *pIdx){
  if( pParse->nErr ) return 0;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
  if( pIdx->pKeyInfo && pIdx->pKeyInfo->db!=pParse->db ){
    sqlite3KeyInfoUnref(pIdx->pKeyInfo);
    pIdx->pKeyInfo = 0;
  }
#endif
  if( pIdx->pKeyInfo==0 ){
    int i;
    int nCol = pIdx->nColumn;
    int nKey = pIdx->nKeyCol;
    KeyInfo *pKey;

    if( pIdx->uniqNotNull ){
      pKey = sqlite3KeyInfoAlloc(pParse->db, nKey, nCol-nKey);
    }else{
      pKey = sqlite3KeyInfoAlloc(pParse->db, nCol, 0);
    }
    if( pKey ){
      assert( sqlite3KeyInfoIsWriteable(pKey) );
      for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
        char *zColl = pIdx->azColl[i];
        assert( zColl!=0 );
        pKey->aColl[i] = strcmp(zColl,"BINARY")==0 ? 0 :
                          sqlite3LocateCollSeq(pParse, zColl);
        pKey->aSortOrder[i] = pIdx->aSortOrder[i];
      }
      if( pParse->nErr ){
        sqlite3KeyInfoUnref(pKey);
      }else{
        pIdx->pKeyInfo = pKey;

      }
    }
  }
  return sqlite3KeyInfoRef(pIdx->pKeyInfo);

}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CTE
/* 
** This routine is invoked once per CTE by the parser while parsing a 
** WITH clause. 
*/
................................................................................
  Vdbe *v;               /* The virtual database engine */
  Table *pTab;           /* The table from which records will be deleted */
  const char *zDb;       /* Name of database holding pTab */
  int i;                 /* Loop counter */
  WhereInfo *pWInfo;     /* Information about the WHERE clause */
  Index *pIdx;           /* For looping over indices of the table */
  int iTabCur;           /* Cursor number for the table */
  int iDataCur;          /* VDBE cursor for the canonical data source */
  int iIdxCur;           /* Cursor number of the first index */
  int nIdx;              /* Number of indices */
  sqlite3 *db;           /* Main database structure */
  AuthContext sContext;  /* Authorization context */
  NameContext sNC;       /* Name context to resolve expressions in */
  int iDb;               /* Database number */
  int memCnt = -1;       /* Memory cell used for change counting */
  int rcauth;            /* Value returned by authorization callback */
................................................................................
      /* IMP: R-37434-19929 Abs(X) returns NULL if X is NULL. */
      sqlite3_result_null(context);
      break;
    }
    default: {
      /* Because sqlite3_value_double() returns 0.0 if the argument is not
      ** something that can be converted into a number, we have:
      ** IMP: R-57326-31541 Abs(X) return 0.0 if X is a string or blob that
      ** cannot be converted to a numeric value. 
      */
      double rVal = sqlite3_value_double(argv[0]);
      if( rVal<0 ) rVal = -rVal;
      sqlite3_result_double(context, rVal);
      break;
    }
  }
................................................................................
    ** incrementing a counter. This is necessary as the VM code is being
    ** generated for will not open a statement transaction.  */
    assert( nIncr==1 );
    sqlite3HaltConstraint(pParse, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FOREIGNKEY,
        OE_Abort, 0, P4_STATIC, P5_ConstraintFK);
  }else{
    if( nIncr>0 && pFKey->isDeferred==0 ){
      sqlite3ParseToplevel(pParse)->mayAbort = 1;
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_FkCounter, pFKey->isDeferred, nIncr);
  }

  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iOk);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iCur);
}
................................................................................

/*
** This function is called to generate code executed when a row is deleted
** from the parent table of foreign key constraint pFKey and, if pFKey is 
** deferred, when a row is inserted into the same table. When generating
** code for an SQL UPDATE operation, this function may be called twice -
** once to "delete" the old row and once to "insert" the new row.




**
** The code generated by this function scans through the rows in the child
** table that correspond to the parent table row being deleted or inserted.
** For each child row found, one of the following actions is taken:
**
**   Operation | FK type   | Action taken
**   --------------------------------------------------------------------------
................................................................................
  /* Resolve the references in the WHERE clause. */
  memset(&sNameContext, 0, sizeof(NameContext));
  sNameContext.pSrcList = pSrc;
  sNameContext.pParse = pParse;
  sqlite3ResolveExprNames(&sNameContext, pWhere);

  /* Create VDBE to loop through the entries in pSrc that match the WHERE
  ** clause. If the constraint is not deferred, throw an exception for
  ** each row found. Otherwise, for deferred constraints, increment the
  ** deferred constraint counter by nIncr for each row selected.  */
  pWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, pSrc, pWhere, 0, 0, 0, 0);
  if( nIncr>0 && pFKey->isDeferred==0 ){
    sqlite3ParseToplevel(pParse)->mayAbort = 1;
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_FkCounter, pFKey->isDeferred, nIncr);
  if( pWInfo ){
    sqlite3WhereEnd(pWInfo);
  }

  /* Clean up the WHERE clause constructed above. */
  sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pWhere);
................................................................................
          return 1;
        }
      }
    }
  }
  return 0;
}



















/*
** This function is called when inserting, deleting or updating a row of
** table pTab to generate VDBE code to perform foreign key constraint 
** processing for the operation.
**
** For a DELETE operation, parameter regOld is passed the index of the
................................................................................
  for(pFKey=pTab->pFKey; pFKey; pFKey=pFKey->pNextFrom){
    Table *pTo;                   /* Parent table of foreign key pFKey */
    Index *pIdx = 0;              /* Index on key columns in pTo */
    int *aiFree = 0;
    int *aiCol;
    int iCol;
    int i;
    int isIgnore = 0;

    if( aChange 
     && sqlite3_stricmp(pTab->zName, pFKey->zTo)!=0
     && fkChildIsModified(pTab, pFKey, aChange, bChngRowid)==0 
    ){
      continue;
    }
................................................................................
      /* Request permission to read the parent key columns. If the 
      ** authorization callback returns SQLITE_IGNORE, behave as if any
      ** values read from the parent table are NULL. */
      if( db->xAuth ){
        int rcauth;
        char *zCol = pTo->aCol[pIdx ? pIdx->aiColumn[i] : pTo->iPKey].zName;
        rcauth = sqlite3AuthReadCol(pParse, pTo->zName, zCol, iDb);
        isIgnore = (rcauth==SQLITE_IGNORE);
      }
#endif
    }

    /* Take a shared-cache advisory read-lock on the parent table. Allocate 
    ** a cursor to use to search the unique index on the parent key columns 
    ** in the parent table.  */
................................................................................
    sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, pTo->tnum, 0, pTo->zName);
    pParse->nTab++;

    if( regOld!=0 ){
      /* A row is being removed from the child table. Search for the parent.
      ** If the parent does not exist, removing the child row resolves an 
      ** outstanding foreign key constraint violation. */
      fkLookupParent(pParse, iDb, pTo, pIdx, pFKey, aiCol, regOld, -1,isIgnore);
    }
    if( regNew!=0 ){
      /* A row is being added to the child table. If a parent row cannot
      ** be found, adding the child row has violated the FK constraint. */ 






      fkLookupParent(pParse, iDb, pTo, pIdx, pFKey, aiCol, regNew, +1,isIgnore);
    }

    sqlite3DbFree(db, aiFree);
  }

  /* Loop through all the foreign key constraints that refer to this table.
  ** (the "child" constraints) */
................................................................................
      continue;
    }

    if( !pFKey->isDeferred && !(db->flags & SQLITE_DeferFKs) 
     && !pParse->pToplevel && !pParse->isMultiWrite 
    ){
      assert( regOld==0 && regNew!=0 );
      /* Inserting a single row into a parent table cannot cause an immediate
      ** foreign key violation. So do nothing in this case.  */
      continue;
    }

    if( sqlite3FkLocateIndex(pParse, pTab, pFKey, &pIdx, &aiCol) ){
      if( !isIgnoreErrors || db->mallocFailed ) return;
      continue;
    }
................................................................................
      pItem->pTab->nRef++;
      pItem->iCursor = pParse->nTab++;
  
      if( regNew!=0 ){
        fkScanChildren(pParse, pSrc, pTab, pIdx, pFKey, aiCol, regNew, -1);
      }
      if( regOld!=0 ){
        /* If there is a RESTRICT action configured for the current operation
        ** on the parent table of this FK, then throw an exception 
        ** immediately if the FK constraint is violated, even if this is a
        ** deferred trigger. That's what RESTRICT means. To defer checking
        ** the constraint, the FK should specify NO ACTION (represented
        ** using OE_None). NO ACTION is the default.  */
        fkScanChildren(pParse, pSrc, pTab, pIdx, pFKey, aiCol, regOld, 1);




















      }
      pItem->zName = 0;
      sqlite3SrcListDelete(db, pSrc);
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(db, aiCol);
  }
}
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA
# define sqlite3_column_database_name   0
# define sqlite3_column_database_name16 0
# define sqlite3_column_table_name      0
# define sqlite3_column_table_name16    0
# define sqlite3_column_origin_name     0
# define sqlite3_column_origin_name16   0
# define sqlite3_table_column_metadata  0
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
# define sqlite3_set_authorizer         0
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
................................................................................
#define PragTyp_ACTIVATE_EXTENSIONS           36
#define PragTyp_HEXKEY                        37
#define PragTyp_KEY                           38
#define PragTyp_REKEY                         39
#define PragTyp_LOCK_STATUS                   40
#define PragTyp_PARSER_TRACE                  41
#define PragFlag_NeedSchema           0x01

static const struct sPragmaNames {
  const char *const zName;  /* Name of pragma */
  u8 ePragTyp;              /* PragTyp_XXX value */
  u8 mPragFlag;             /* Zero or more PragFlag_XXX values */
  u32 iArg;                 /* Extra argument */
} aPragmaNames[] = {
#if defined(SQLITE_HAS_CODEC) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_CEROD)
................................................................................
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SCHEMA_VERSION_PRAGMAS)
  { /* zName:     */ "application_id",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_HEADER_VALUE,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM)
  { /* zName:     */ "auto_vacuum",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_AUTO_VACUUM,
    /* ePragFlag: */ PragFlag_NeedSchema,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
................................................................................
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS) && SQLITE_OS_WIN
  { /* zName:     */ "data_store_directory",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_DATA_STORE_DIRECTORY,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif






#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SCHEMA_PRAGMAS)
  { /* zName:     */ "database_list",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_DATABASE_LIST,
    /* ePragFlag: */ PragFlag_NeedSchema,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_DEPRECATED)
................................................................................
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_ForeignKeys },
#endif
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SCHEMA_VERSION_PRAGMAS)
  { /* zName:     */ "freelist_count",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_HEADER_VALUE,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FLAG_PRAGMAS)
  { /* zName:     */ "full_column_names",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FLAG,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_FullColNames },
  { /* zName:     */ "fullfsync",
................................................................................
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_ReverseOrder },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SCHEMA_VERSION_PRAGMAS)
  { /* zName:     */ "schema_version",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_HEADER_VALUE,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS)
  { /* zName:     */ "secure_delete",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_SECURE_DELETE,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
................................................................................
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_THREADS,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SCHEMA_VERSION_PRAGMAS)
  { /* zName:     */ "user_version",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_HEADER_VALUE,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FLAG_PRAGMAS)
#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
  { /* zName:     */ "vdbe_addoptrace",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FLAG,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_VdbeAddopTrace },
................................................................................
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FLAG_PRAGMAS)
  { /* zName:     */ "writable_schema",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FLAG,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_WriteSchema|SQLITE_RecoveryMode },
#endif
};
/* Number of pragmas: 57 on by default, 70 total. */
/* End of the automatically generated pragma table.
***************************************************************************/

/*
** Interpret the given string as a safety level.  Return 0 for OFF,
** 1 for ON or NORMAL and 2 for FULL.  Return 1 for an empty or 
** unrecognized string argument.  The FULL option is disallowed
................................................................................
){
  char *zLeft = 0;       /* Nul-terminated UTF-8 string <id> */
  char *zRight = 0;      /* Nul-terminated UTF-8 string <value>, or NULL */
  const char *zDb = 0;   /* The database name */
  Token *pId;            /* Pointer to <id> token */
  char *aFcntl[4];       /* Argument to SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA */
  int iDb;               /* Database index for <database> */
  int lwr, upr, mid;           /* Binary search bounds */
  int rc;                      /* return value form SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;    /* The database connection */
  Db *pDb;                     /* The specific database being pragmaed */
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);  /* Prepared statement */

  if( v==0 ) return;
  sqlite3VdbeRunOnlyOnce(v);
................................................................................
      */
      if( 
        !(DbHasProperty(db, 0, DB_SchemaLoaded)) || 
        DbHasProperty(db, 0, DB_Empty) 
      ){
        for(pEnc=&encnames[0]; pEnc->zName; pEnc++){
          if( 0==sqlite3StrICmp(zRight, pEnc->zName) ){

            ENC(pParse->db) = pEnc->enc ? pEnc->enc : SQLITE_UTF16NATIVE;
            break;
          }
        }
        if( !pEnc->zName ){
          sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "unsupported encoding: %s", zRight);
        }
      }
................................................................................
  ** the schema-version is potentially dangerous and may lead to program
  ** crashes or database corruption. Use with caution!
  **
  ** The user-version is not used internally by SQLite. It may be used by
  ** applications for any purpose.
  */
  case PragTyp_HEADER_VALUE: {
    int iCookie;   /* Cookie index. 1 for schema-cookie, 6 for user-cookie. */
    sqlite3VdbeUsesBtree(v, iDb);
    switch( zLeft[0] ){
      case 'a': case 'A':
        iCookie = BTREE_APPLICATION_ID;
        break;
      case 'f': case 'F':
        iCookie = BTREE_FREE_PAGE_COUNT;
        break;
      case 's': case 'S':
        iCookie = BTREE_SCHEMA_VERSION;
        break;
      default:
        iCookie = BTREE_USER_VERSION;
        break;
    }

    if( zRight && iCookie!=BTREE_FREE_PAGE_COUNT ){
      /* Write the specified cookie value */
      static const VdbeOpList setCookie[] = {
        { OP_Transaction,    0,  1,  0},    /* 0 */
        { OP_Integer,        0,  1,  0},    /* 1 */
        { OP_SetCookie,      0,  0,  1},    /* 2 */
      };
      int addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(v, ArraySize(setCookie), setCookie, 0);
................................................................................
    }
  }
  break;
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_COMPILEOPTION_DIAGS */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  /*
  **   PRAGMA [database.]wal_checkpoint = passive|full|restart
  **
  ** Checkpoint the database.
  */
  case PragTyp_WAL_CHECKPOINT: {
    int iBt = (pId2->z?iDb:SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED);
    int eMode = SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE;
    if( zRight ){
      if( sqlite3StrICmp(zRight, "full")==0 ){
        eMode = SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL;
      }else if( sqlite3StrICmp(zRight, "restart")==0 ){
        eMode = SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_RESTART;


      }
    }
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 3);
    pParse->nMem = 3;
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "busy", SQLITE_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 1, COLNAME_NAME, "log", SQLITE_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 2, COLNAME_NAME, "checkpointed", SQLITE_STATIC);
................................................................................
** file was of zero-length, then the DB_Empty flag is also set.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Init(sqlite3 *db, char **pzErrMsg){
  int i, rc;
  int commit_internal = !(db->flags&SQLITE_InternChanges);
  
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(db->mutex) );

  assert( db->init.busy==0 );
  rc = SQLITE_OK;
  db->init.busy = 1;

  for(i=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<db->nDb; i++){
    if( DbHasProperty(db, i, DB_SchemaLoaded) || i==1 ) continue;
    rc = sqlite3InitOne(db, i, pzErrMsg);
    if( rc ){
      sqlite3ResetOneSchema(db, i);
    }
  }
................................................................................
  int nBytes,               /* Length of zSql in bytes. */
  int saveSqlFlag,          /* True to copy SQL text into the sqlite3_stmt */
  Vdbe *pOld,               /* VM being reprepared */
  sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt,    /* OUT: A pointer to the prepared statement */
  const char **pzTail       /* OUT: End of parsed string */
){
  int rc;
  assert( ppStmt!=0 );




  *ppStmt = 0;
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) ){
    return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
  }
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  sqlite3BtreeEnterAll(db);
  rc = sqlite3Prepare(db, zSql, nBytes, saveSqlFlag, pOld, ppStmt, pzTail);
  if( rc==SQLITE_SCHEMA ){
    sqlite3_finalize(*ppStmt);
................................................................................
  ** encoded string to UTF-8, then invoking sqlite3_prepare(). The
  ** tricky bit is figuring out the pointer to return in *pzTail.
  */
  char *zSql8;
  const char *zTail8 = 0;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  assert( ppStmt );


  *ppStmt = 0;
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) ){
    return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
  }
  if( nBytes>=0 ){
    int sz;
    const char *z = (const char*)zSql;
    for(sz=0; sz<nBytes && (z[sz]!=0 || z[sz+1]!=0); sz += 2){}
    nBytes = sz;
................................................................................
  int labelBkOut;       /* Start label for the block-output subroutine */
  int addrSortIndex;    /* Address of the OP_SorterOpen or OP_OpenEphemeral */
  u8 sortFlags;         /* Zero or more SORTFLAG_* bits */
};
#define SORTFLAG_UseSorter  0x01   /* Use SorterOpen instead of OpenEphemeral */

/*
** Delete all the content of a Select structure but do not deallocate
** the select structure itself.
*/
static void clearSelect(sqlite3 *db, Select *p){


  sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, p->pEList);
  sqlite3SrcListDelete(db, p->pSrc);
  sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pWhere);
  sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, p->pGroupBy);
  sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pHaving);
  sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, p->pOrderBy);
  sqlite3SelectDelete(db, p->pPrior);
  sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pLimit);
  sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pOffset);
  sqlite3WithDelete(db, p->pWith);




}

/*
** Initialize a SelectDest structure.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SelectDestInit(SelectDest *pDest, int eDest, int iParm){
  pDest->eDest = (u8)eDest;
................................................................................
  pNew->op = TK_SELECT;
  pNew->pLimit = pLimit;
  pNew->pOffset = pOffset;
  assert( pOffset==0 || pLimit!=0 );
  pNew->addrOpenEphm[0] = -1;
  pNew->addrOpenEphm[1] = -1;
  if( db->mallocFailed ) {
    clearSelect(db, pNew);
    if( pNew!=&standin ) sqlite3DbFree(db, pNew);
    pNew = 0;
  }else{
    assert( pNew->pSrc!=0 || pParse->nErr>0 );
  }
  assert( pNew!=&standin );
  return pNew;
}
................................................................................
#endif


/*
** Delete the given Select structure and all of its substructures.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SelectDelete(sqlite3 *db, Select *p){
  if( p ){
    clearSelect(db, p);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, p);
  }
}

/*
** Return a pointer to the right-most SELECT statement in a compound.
*/
static Select *findRightmost(Select *p){
  while( p->pNext ) p = p->pNext;
................................................................................
/* Forward references */
static int multiSelectOrderBy(
  Parse *pParse,        /* Parsing context */
  Select *p,            /* The right-most of SELECTs to be coded */
  SelectDest *pDest     /* What to do with query results */
);






























































/*
** This routine is called to process a compound query form from
** two or more separate queries using UNION, UNION ALL, EXCEPT, or
** INTERSECT
**
** "p" points to the right-most of the two queries.  the query on the
................................................................................
  */
  if( dest.eDest==SRT_EphemTab ){
    assert( p->pEList );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_OpenEphemeral, dest.iSDParm, p->pEList->nExpr);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, BTREE_UNORDERED);
    dest.eDest = SRT_Table;
  }








  /* Make sure all SELECTs in the statement have the same number of elements
  ** in their result sets.
  */
  assert( p->pEList && pPrior->pEList );
  if( p->pEList->nExpr!=pPrior->pEList->nExpr ){
    if( p->selFlags & SF_Values ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "all VALUES must have the same number of terms");
    }else{
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "SELECTs to the left and right of %s"
        " do not have the same number of result columns", selectOpName(p->op));
    }
    rc = 1;
    goto multi_select_end;
  }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CTE
  if( p->selFlags & SF_Recursive ){
    generateWithRecursiveQuery(pParse, p, &dest);
................................................................................
    return WRC_Abort;
  }
  if( NEVER(p->pSrc==0) || (selFlags & SF_Expanded)!=0 ){
    return WRC_Prune;
  }
  pTabList = p->pSrc;
  pEList = p->pEList;

  sqlite3WithPush(pParse, findRightmost(p)->pWith, 0);


  /* Make sure cursor numbers have been assigned to all entries in
  ** the FROM clause of the SELECT statement.
  */
  sqlite3SrcListAssignCursors(pParse, pTabList);

  /* Look up every table named in the FROM clause of the select.  If
................................................................................
  w.xExprCallback = exprWalkNoop;
  w.pParse = pParse;
  if( pParse->hasCompound ){
    w.xSelectCallback = convertCompoundSelectToSubquery;
    sqlite3WalkSelect(&w, pSelect);
  }
  w.xSelectCallback = selectExpander;

  w.xSelectCallback2 = selectPopWith;

  sqlite3WalkSelect(&w, pSelect);
}


#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
/*
** This is a Walker.xSelectCallback callback for the sqlite3SelectTypeInfo()
................................................................................
  ** if the select-list is the same as the ORDER BY list, then this query
  ** can be rewritten as a GROUP BY. In other words, this:
  **
  **     SELECT DISTINCT xyz FROM ... ORDER BY xyz
  **
  ** is transformed to:
  **
  **     SELECT xyz FROM ... GROUP BY xyz
  **
  ** The second form is preferred as a single index (or temp-table) may be 
  ** used for both the ORDER BY and DISTINCT processing. As originally 
  ** written the query must use a temp-table for at least one of the ORDER 
  ** BY and DISTINCT, and an index or separate temp-table for the other.
  */
  if( (p->selFlags & (SF_Distinct|SF_Aggregate))==SF_Distinct 
   && sqlite3ExprListCompare(sSort.pOrderBy, p->pEList, -1)==0
  ){
    p->selFlags &= ~SF_Distinct;
    p->pGroupBy = sqlite3ExprListDup(db, p->pEList, 0);
    pGroupBy = p->pGroupBy;
    sSort.pOrderBy = 0;
    /* Notice that even thought SF_Distinct has been cleared from p->selFlags,
    ** the sDistinct.isTnct is still set.  Hence, isTnct represents the
    ** original setting of the SF_Distinct flag, not the current setting */
    assert( sDistinct.isTnct );
  }

  /* If there is an ORDER BY clause, then this sorting
................................................................................
  int *pnRow,                 /* Write the number of rows in the result here */
  int *pnColumn,              /* Write the number of columns of result here */
  char **pzErrMsg             /* Write error messages here */
){
  int rc;
  TabResult res;




  *pazResult = 0;
  if( pnColumn ) *pnColumn = 0;
  if( pnRow ) *pnRow = 0;
  if( pzErrMsg ) *pzErrMsg = 0;
  res.zErrMsg = 0;
  res.nRow = 0;
  res.nColumn = 0;
................................................................................
** original database is required.  Every page of the database is written
** approximately 3 times:  Once for step (2) and twice for step (3).
** Two writes per page are required in step (3) because the original
** database content must be written into the rollback journal prior to
** overwriting the database with the vacuumed content.
**
** Only 1x temporary space and only 1x writes would be required if
** the copy of step (3) were replace by deleting the original database
** and renaming the transient database as the original.  But that will
** not work if other processes are attached to the original database.
** And a power loss in between deleting the original and renaming the
** transient would cause the database file to appear to be deleted
** following reboot.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Vacuum(Parse *pParse){
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_create_module(
  sqlite3 *db,                    /* Database in which module is registered */
  const char *zName,              /* Name assigned to this module */
  const sqlite3_module *pModule,  /* The definition of the module */
  void *pAux                      /* Context pointer for xCreate/xConnect */
){



  return createModule(db, zName, pModule, pAux, 0);
}

/*
** External API function used to create a new virtual-table module.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_create_module_v2(
  sqlite3 *db,                    /* Database in which module is registered */
  const char *zName,              /* Name assigned to this module */
  const sqlite3_module *pModule,  /* The definition of the module */
  void *pAux,                     /* Context pointer for xCreate/xConnect */
  void (*xDestroy)(void *)        /* Module destructor function */
){



  return createModule(db, zName, pModule, pAux, xDestroy);
}

/*
** Lock the virtual table so that it cannot be disconnected.
** Locks nest.  Every lock should have a corresponding unlock.
** If an unlock is omitted, resources leaks will occur.  
................................................................................
  assert( iDb>=0 );

  pTable->tabFlags |= TF_Virtual;
  pTable->nModuleArg = 0;
  addModuleArgument(db, pTable, sqlite3NameFromToken(db, pModuleName));
  addModuleArgument(db, pTable, 0);
  addModuleArgument(db, pTable, sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pTable->zName));



  pParse->sNameToken.n = (int)(&pModuleName->z[pModuleName->n] - pName1->z);



#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
  /* Creating a virtual table invokes the authorization callback twice.
  ** The first invocation, to obtain permission to INSERT a row into the
  ** sqlite_master table, has already been made by sqlite3StartTable().
  ** The second call, to obtain permission to create the table, is made now.
  */
................................................................................
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_declare_vtab(sqlite3 *db, const char *zCreateTable){
  Parse *pParse;

  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  Table *pTab;
  char *zErr = 0;




  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  if( !db->pVtabCtx || !(pTab = db->pVtabCtx->pTab) ){
    sqlite3Error(db, SQLITE_MISUSE);
    sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
    return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
  }
  assert( (pTab->tabFlags & TF_Virtual)!=0 );
................................................................................
** The results of this routine are undefined unless it is called from
** within an xUpdate method.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_vtab_on_conflict(sqlite3 *db){
  static const unsigned char aMap[] = { 
    SQLITE_ROLLBACK, SQLITE_ABORT, SQLITE_FAIL, SQLITE_IGNORE, SQLITE_REPLACE 
  };



  assert( OE_Rollback==1 && OE_Abort==2 && OE_Fail==3 );
  assert( OE_Ignore==4 && OE_Replace==5 );
  assert( db->vtabOnConflict>=1 && db->vtabOnConflict<=5 );
  return (int)aMap[db->vtabOnConflict-1];
}

/*
................................................................................
** the SQLite core with additional information about the behavior
** of the virtual table being implemented.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_vtab_config(sqlite3 *db, int op, ...){
  va_list ap;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;




  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);

  va_start(ap, op);
  switch( op ){
    case SQLITE_VTAB_CONSTRAINT_SUPPORT: {
      VtabCtx *p = db->pVtabCtx;
      if( !p ){
        rc = SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
      }else{
................................................................................
        u8 eEndLoopOp;         /* IN Loop terminator. OP_Next or OP_Prev */
      } *aInLoop;           /* Information about each nested IN operator */
    } in;                 /* Used when pWLoop->wsFlags&WHERE_IN_ABLE */
    Index *pCovidx;       /* Possible covering index for WHERE_MULTI_OR */
  } u;
  struct WhereLoop *pWLoop;  /* The selected WhereLoop object */
  Bitmask notReady;          /* FROM entries not usable at this level */



};

/*
** Each instance of this object represents an algorithm for evaluating one
** term of a join.  Every term of the FROM clause will have at least
** one corresponding WhereLoop object (unless INDEXED BY constraints
** prevent a query solution - which is an error) and many terms of the
................................................................................
  u8 iSortIdx;          /* Sorting index number.  0==None */
  LogEst rSetup;        /* One-time setup cost (ex: create transient index) */
  LogEst rRun;          /* Cost of running each loop */
  LogEst nOut;          /* Estimated number of output rows */
  union {
    struct {               /* Information for internal btree tables */
      u16 nEq;               /* Number of equality constraints */
      u16 nSkip;             /* Number of initial index columns to skip */
      Index *pIndex;         /* Index used, or NULL */
    } btree;
    struct {               /* Information for virtual tables */
      int idxNum;            /* Index number */
      u8 needFree;           /* True if sqlite3_free(idxStr) is needed */
      i8 isOrdered;          /* True if satisfies ORDER BY */
      u16 omitMask;          /* Terms that may be omitted */
      char *idxStr;          /* Index identifier string */
    } vtab;
  } u;
  u32 wsFlags;          /* WHERE_* flags describing the plan */
  u16 nLTerm;           /* Number of entries in aLTerm[] */

  /**** whereLoopXfer() copies fields above ***********************/
# define WHERE_LOOP_XFER_SZ offsetof(WhereLoop,nLSlot)
  u16 nLSlot;           /* Number of slots allocated for aLTerm[] */
  WhereTerm **aLTerm;   /* WhereTerms used */
  WhereLoop *pNextLoop; /* Next WhereLoop object in the WhereClause */
  WhereTerm *aLTermSpace[4];  /* Initial aLTerm[] space */
};

/* This object holds the prerequisites and the cost of running a
** subquery on one operand of an OR operator in the WHERE clause.
** See WhereOrSet for additional information 
*/
struct WhereOrCost {
................................................................................
#define WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE 0x00000400  /* WhereLoop.u.vtab is valid */
#define WHERE_IN_ABLE      0x00000800  /* Able to support an IN operator */
#define WHERE_ONEROW       0x00001000  /* Selects no more than one row */
#define WHERE_MULTI_OR     0x00002000  /* OR using multiple indices */
#define WHERE_AUTO_INDEX   0x00004000  /* Uses an ephemeral index */
#define WHERE_SKIPSCAN     0x00008000  /* Uses the skip-scan algorithm */
#define WHERE_UNQ_WANTED   0x00010000  /* WHERE_ONEROW would have been helpful*/


/************** End of whereInt.h ********************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in where.c **********************/

/*
** Return the estimated number of output rows from a WHERE clause
*/
................................................................................
      return 0;
    }
    memcpy(pWC->a, pOld, sizeof(pWC->a[0])*pWC->nTerm);
    if( pOld!=pWC->aStatic ){
      sqlite3DbFree(db, pOld);
    }
    pWC->nSlot = sqlite3DbMallocSize(db, pWC->a)/sizeof(pWC->a[0]);

  }
  pTerm = &pWC->a[idx = pWC->nTerm++];
  if( p && ExprHasProperty(p, EP_Unlikely) ){
    pTerm->truthProb = sqlite3LogEst(p->iTable) - 99;
  }else{
    pTerm->truthProb = 1;
  }
  pTerm->pExpr = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(p);
  pTerm->wtFlags = wtFlags;
  pTerm->pWC = pWC;
  pTerm->iParent = -1;
................................................................................
*/
static void transferJoinMarkings(Expr *pDerived, Expr *pBase){
  if( pDerived ){
    pDerived->flags |= pBase->flags & EP_FromJoin;
    pDerived->iRightJoinTable = pBase->iRightJoinTable;
  }
}










#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_OR_OPTIMIZATION) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY)
/*
** Analyze a term that consists of two or more OR-connected
** subterms.  So in:
**
**     ... WHERE  (a=5) AND (b=7 OR c=9 OR d=13) AND (d=13)
................................................................................
        transferJoinMarkings(pNew, pExpr);
        assert( !ExprHasProperty(pNew, EP_xIsSelect) );
        pNew->x.pList = pList;
        idxNew = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNew, TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC);
        testcase( idxNew==0 );
        exprAnalyze(pSrc, pWC, idxNew);
        pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];
        pWC->a[idxNew].iParent = idxTerm;
        pTerm->nChild = 1;
      }else{
        sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pList);
      }
      pTerm->eOperator = WO_NOOP;  /* case 1 trumps case 2 */
    }
  }
}
................................................................................
        if( db->mallocFailed ){
          sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pDup);
          return;
        }
        idxNew = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pDup, TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC);
        if( idxNew==0 ) return;
        pNew = &pWC->a[idxNew];
        pNew->iParent = idxTerm;
        pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];
        pTerm->nChild = 1;
        pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_COPIED;
        if( pExpr->op==TK_EQ
         && !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_FromJoin)
         && OptimizationEnabled(db, SQLITE_Transitive)
        ){
          pTerm->eOperator |= WO_EQUIV;
          eExtraOp = WO_EQUIV;
................................................................................
                             sqlite3ExprDup(db, pExpr->pLeft, 0),
                             sqlite3ExprDup(db, pList->a[i].pExpr, 0), 0);
      transferJoinMarkings(pNewExpr, pExpr);
      idxNew = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNewExpr, TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC);
      testcase( idxNew==0 );
      exprAnalyze(pSrc, pWC, idxNew);
      pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];
      pWC->a[idxNew].iParent = idxTerm;
    }
    pTerm->nChild = 2;
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_BETWEEN_OPTIMIZATION */

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_OR_OPTIMIZATION) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY)
  /* Analyze a term that is composed of two or more subterms connected by
  ** an OR operator.
  */
................................................................................
           pStr2, 0);
    transferJoinMarkings(pNewExpr2, pExpr);
    idxNew2 = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNewExpr2, TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC);
    testcase( idxNew2==0 );
    exprAnalyze(pSrc, pWC, idxNew2);
    pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];
    if( isComplete ){
      pWC->a[idxNew1].iParent = idxTerm;
      pWC->a[idxNew2].iParent = idxTerm;
      pTerm->nChild = 2;
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_LIKE_OPTIMIZATION */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  /* Add a WO_MATCH auxiliary term to the constraint set if the
  ** current expression is of the form:  column MATCH expr.
................................................................................
      idxNew = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNewExpr, TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC);
      testcase( idxNew==0 );
      pNewTerm = &pWC->a[idxNew];
      pNewTerm->prereqRight = prereqExpr;
      pNewTerm->leftCursor = pLeft->iTable;
      pNewTerm->u.leftColumn = pLeft->iColumn;
      pNewTerm->eOperator = WO_MATCH;
      pNewTerm->iParent = idxTerm;
      pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];
      pTerm->nChild = 1;
      pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_COPIED;
      pNewTerm->prereqAll = pTerm->prereqAll;
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
................................................................................
  ** TERM_VNULL tag will suppress the not-null check at the beginning
  ** of the loop.  Without the TERM_VNULL flag, the not-null check at
  ** the start of the loop will prevent any results from being returned.
  */
  if( pExpr->op==TK_NOTNULL
   && pExpr->pLeft->op==TK_COLUMN
   && pExpr->pLeft->iColumn>=0
   && OptimizationEnabled(db, SQLITE_Stat3)
  ){
    Expr *pNewExpr;
    Expr *pLeft = pExpr->pLeft;
    int idxNew;
    WhereTerm *pNewTerm;

    pNewExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_GT,
................................................................................
                              TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC|TERM_VNULL);
    if( idxNew ){
      pNewTerm = &pWC->a[idxNew];
      pNewTerm->prereqRight = 0;
      pNewTerm->leftCursor = pLeft->iTable;
      pNewTerm->u.leftColumn = pLeft->iColumn;
      pNewTerm->eOperator = WO_GT;
      pNewTerm->iParent = idxTerm;
      pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];
      pTerm->nChild = 1;
      pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_COPIED;
      pNewTerm->prereqAll = pTerm->prereqAll;
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4 */

  /* Prevent ON clause terms of a LEFT JOIN from being used to drive
................................................................................
  int mxBitCol;               /* Maximum column in pSrc->colUsed */
  CollSeq *pColl;             /* Collating sequence to on a column */
  WhereLoop *pLoop;           /* The Loop object */
  char *zNotUsed;             /* Extra space on the end of pIdx */
  Bitmask idxCols;            /* Bitmap of columns used for indexing */
  Bitmask extraCols;          /* Bitmap of additional columns */
  u8 sentWarning = 0;         /* True if a warnning has been issued */



  /* Generate code to skip over the creation and initialization of the
  ** transient index on 2nd and subsequent iterations of the loop. */
  v = pParse->pVdbe;
  assert( v!=0 );
  addrInit = sqlite3CodeOnce(pParse); VdbeCoverage(v);

................................................................................
  ** and used to match WHERE clause constraints */
  nKeyCol = 0;
  pTable = pSrc->pTab;
  pWCEnd = &pWC->a[pWC->nTerm];
  pLoop = pLevel->pWLoop;
  idxCols = 0;
  for(pTerm=pWC->a; pTerm<pWCEnd; pTerm++){






    if( termCanDriveIndex(pTerm, pSrc, notReady) ){
      int iCol = pTerm->u.leftColumn;
      Bitmask cMask = iCol>=BMS ? MASKBIT(BMS-1) : MASKBIT(iCol);
      testcase( iCol==BMS );
      testcase( iCol==BMS-1 );
      if( !sentWarning ){
        sqlite3_log(SQLITE_WARNING_AUTOINDEX,
            "automatic index on %s(%s)", pTable->zName,
            pTable->aCol[iCol].zName);
        sentWarning = 1;
      }
      if( (idxCols & cMask)==0 ){
        if( whereLoopResize(pParse->db, pLoop, nKeyCol+1) ) return;


        pLoop->aLTerm[nKeyCol++] = pTerm;
        idxCols |= cMask;
      }
    }
  }
  assert( nKeyCol>0 );
  pLoop->u.btree.nEq = pLoop->nLTerm = nKeyCol;
................................................................................
  ** columns that are needed by the query.  With a covering index, the
  ** original table never needs to be accessed.  Automatic indices must
  ** be a covering index because the index will not be updated if the
  ** original table changes and the index and table cannot both be used
  ** if they go out of sync.
  */
  extraCols = pSrc->colUsed & (~idxCols | MASKBIT(BMS-1));
  mxBitCol = (pTable->nCol >= BMS-1) ? BMS-1 : pTable->nCol;
  testcase( pTable->nCol==BMS-1 );
  testcase( pTable->nCol==BMS-2 );
  for(i=0; i<mxBitCol; i++){
    if( extraCols & MASKBIT(i) ) nKeyCol++;
  }
  if( pSrc->colUsed & MASKBIT(BMS-1) ){
    nKeyCol += pTable->nCol - BMS + 1;
  }
  pLoop->wsFlags |= WHERE_COLUMN_EQ | WHERE_IDX_ONLY;

  /* Construct the Index object to describe this index */
  pIdx = sqlite3AllocateIndexObject(pParse->db, nKeyCol+1, 0, &zNotUsed);
  if( pIdx==0 ) return;
  pLoop->u.btree.pIndex = pIdx;
  pIdx->zName = "auto-index";
  pIdx->pTable = pTable;
  n = 0;
  idxCols = 0;
  for(pTerm=pWC->a; pTerm<pWCEnd; pTerm++){
    if( termCanDriveIndex(pTerm, pSrc, notReady) ){
................................................................................
  assert( pLevel->iIdxCur>=0 );
  pLevel->iIdxCur = pParse->nTab++;
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_OpenAutoindex, pLevel->iIdxCur, nKeyCol+1);
  sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pIdx);
  VdbeComment((v, "for %s", pTable->zName));

  /* Fill the automatic index with content */

  addrTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Rewind, pLevel->iTabCur); VdbeCoverage(v);





  regRecord = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
  sqlite3GenerateIndexKey(pParse, pIdx, pLevel->iTabCur, regRecord, 0, 0, 0, 0);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxInsert, pLevel->iIdxCur, regRecord);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT);

  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, pLevel->iTabCur, addrTop+1); VdbeCoverage(v);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_AUTOINDEX);
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrTop);
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regRecord);

  
  /* Jump here when skipping the initialization */
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrInit);



}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOMATIC_INDEX */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
/*
** Allocate and populate an sqlite3_index_info structure. It is the 
** responsibility of the caller to eventually release the structure
................................................................................
    }
  }

  return pParse->nErr;
}
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE) */


#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
/*
** Estimate the location of a particular key among all keys in an
** index.  Store the results in aStat as follows:
**
**    aStat[0]      Est. number of rows less than pVal
**    aStat[1]      Est. number of rows equal to pVal
**
** Return SQLITE_OK on success.

*/
static void whereKeyStats(
  Parse *pParse,              /* Database connection */
  Index *pIdx,                /* Index to consider domain of */
  UnpackedRecord *pRec,       /* Vector of values to consider */
  int roundUp,                /* Round up if true.  Round down if false */
  tRowcnt *aStat              /* OUT: stats written here */
){
  IndexSample *aSample = pIdx->aSample;
................................................................................
    if( roundUp ){
      iGap = (iGap*2)/3;
    }else{
      iGap = iGap/3;
    }
    aStat[0] = iLower + iGap;
  }

}
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4 */

/*
** If it is not NULL, pTerm is a term that provides an upper or lower
** bound on a range scan. Without considering pTerm, it is estimated 
** that the scan will visit nNew rows. This function returns the number
................................................................................
**                    |_____|   |_____|
**                       |         |
**                     pLower    pUpper
**
** If either of the upper or lower bound is not present, then NULL is passed in
** place of the corresponding WhereTerm.
**
** The value in (pBuilder->pNew->u.btree.nEq) is the index of the index
** column subject to the range constraint. Or, equivalently, the number of
** equality constraints optimized by the proposed index scan. For example,
** assuming index p is on t1(a, b), and the SQL query is:
**
**   ... FROM t1 WHERE a = ? AND b > ? AND b < ? ...
**
** then nEq is set to 1 (as the range restricted column, b, is the second 
................................................................................
**
**   ... FROM t1 WHERE a > ? AND a < ? ...
**
** then nEq is set to 0.
**
** When this function is called, *pnOut is set to the sqlite3LogEst() of the
** number of rows that the index scan is expected to visit without 
** considering the range constraints. If nEq is 0, this is the number of 
** rows in the index. Assuming no error occurs, *pnOut is adjusted (reduced)
** to account for the range constraints pLower and pUpper.
** 
** In the absence of sqlite_stat4 ANALYZE data, or if such data cannot be
** used, a single range inequality reduces the search space by a factor of 4. 
** and a pair of constraints (x>? AND x<?) reduces the expected number of
** rows visited by a factor of 64.
................................................................................
  int nOut = pLoop->nOut;
  LogEst nNew;

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  Index *p = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex;
  int nEq = pLoop->u.btree.nEq;

  if( p->nSample>0
   && nEq<p->nSampleCol
   && OptimizationEnabled(pParse->db, SQLITE_Stat3) 
  ){
    if( nEq==pBuilder->nRecValid ){
      UnpackedRecord *pRec = pBuilder->pRec;
      tRowcnt a[2];
      u8 aff;

      /* Variable iLower will be set to the estimate of the number of rows in 
      ** the index that are less than the lower bound of the range query. The
................................................................................
      ** key-prefix formed by the nEq values matched against the nEq left-most
      ** columns of the index, and $L is the value in pLower.
      **
      ** Or, if pLower is NULL or $L cannot be extracted from it (because it
      ** is not a simple variable or literal value), the lower bound of the
      ** range is $P. Due to a quirk in the way whereKeyStats() works, even
      ** if $L is available, whereKeyStats() is called for both ($P) and 
      ** ($P:$L) and the larger of the two returned values used.
      **
      ** Similarly, iUpper is to be set to the estimate of the number of rows
      ** less than the upper bound of the range query. Where the upper bound
      ** is either ($P) or ($P:$U). Again, even if $U is available, both values
      ** of iUpper are requested of whereKeyStats() and the smaller used.


      */
      tRowcnt iLower;
      tRowcnt iUpper;



      if( pRec ){
        testcase( pRec->nField!=pBuilder->nRecValid );
        pRec->nField = pBuilder->nRecValid;
      }
      if( nEq==p->nKeyCol ){
        aff = SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER;
      }else{
        aff = p->pTable->aCol[p->aiColumn[nEq]].affinity;
      }
      /* Determine iLower and iUpper using ($P) only. */
      if( nEq==0 ){
        iLower = 0;
        iUpper = sqlite3LogEstToInt(p->aiRowLogEst[0]);
      }else{
        /* Note: this call could be optimized away - since the same values must 
        ** have been requested when testing key $P in whereEqualScanEst().  */
        whereKeyStats(pParse, p, pRec, 0, a);
        iLower = a[0];
        iUpper = a[0] + a[1];
      }
................................................................................
      /* If possible, improve on the iLower estimate using ($P:$L). */
      if( pLower ){
        int bOk;                    /* True if value is extracted from pExpr */
        Expr *pExpr = pLower->pExpr->pRight;
        rc = sqlite3Stat4ProbeSetValue(pParse, p, &pRec, pExpr, aff, nEq, &bOk);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK && bOk ){
          tRowcnt iNew;
          whereKeyStats(pParse, p, pRec, 0, a);
          iNew = a[0] + ((pLower->eOperator & (WO_GT|WO_LE)) ? a[1] : 0);
          if( iNew>iLower ) iLower = iNew;
          nOut--;
          pLower = 0;
        }
      }

................................................................................
      /* If possible, improve on the iUpper estimate using ($P:$U). */
      if( pUpper ){
        int bOk;                    /* True if value is extracted from pExpr */
        Expr *pExpr = pUpper->pExpr->pRight;
        rc = sqlite3Stat4ProbeSetValue(pParse, p, &pRec, pExpr, aff, nEq, &bOk);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK && bOk ){
          tRowcnt iNew;
          whereKeyStats(pParse, p, pRec, 1, a);
          iNew = a[0] + ((pUpper->eOperator & (WO_GT|WO_LE)) ? a[1] : 0);
          if( iNew<iUpper ) iUpper = iNew;
          nOut--;
          pUpper = 0;
        }
      }

      pBuilder->pRec = pRec;
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        if( iUpper>iLower ){
          nNew = sqlite3LogEst(iUpper - iLower);





        }else{
          nNew = 10;        assert( 10==sqlite3LogEst(2) );
        }
        if( nNew<nOut ){
          nOut = nNew;
        }
        WHERETRACE(0x10, ("STAT4 range scan: %u..%u  est=%d\n",
................................................................................
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pBuilder);
  assert( pLower || pUpper );
#endif
  assert( pUpper==0 || (pUpper->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL)==0 );
  nNew = whereRangeAdjust(pLower, nOut);
  nNew = whereRangeAdjust(pUpper, nNew);

  /* TUNING: If there is both an upper and lower limit, assume the range is

  ** reduced by an additional 75%. This means that, by default, an open-ended
  ** range query (e.g. col > ?) is assumed to match 1/4 of the rows in the
  ** index. While a closed range (e.g. col BETWEEN ? AND ?) is estimated to
  ** match 1/64 of the index. */ 

  if( pLower && pUpper ) nNew -= 20;


  nOut -= (pLower!=0) + (pUpper!=0);
  if( nNew<10 ) nNew = 10;
  if( nNew<nOut ) nOut = nNew;
#if defined(WHERETRACE_ENABLED)
  if( pLoop->nOut>nOut ){
    WHERETRACE(0x10,("Range scan lowers nOut from %d to %d\n",
................................................................................
  int nReg;                     /* Number of registers to allocate */
  char *zAff;                   /* Affinity string to return */

  /* This module is only called on query plans that use an index. */
  pLoop = pLevel->pWLoop;
  assert( (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)==0 );
  nEq = pLoop->u.btree.nEq;
  nSkip = pLoop->u.btree.nSkip;
  pIdx = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex;
  assert( pIdx!=0 );

  /* Figure out how many memory cells we will need then allocate them.
  */
  regBase = pParse->nMem + 1;
  nReg = pLoop->u.btree.nEq + nExtraReg;
................................................................................
** string similar to:
**
**   "a=? AND b>?"
*/
static void explainIndexRange(StrAccum *pStr, WhereLoop *pLoop, Table *pTab){
  Index *pIndex = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex;
  u16 nEq = pLoop->u.btree.nEq;
  u16 nSkip = pLoop->u.btree.nSkip;
  int i, j;
  Column *aCol = pTab->aCol;
  i16 *aiColumn = pIndex->aiColumn;

  if( nEq==0 && (pLoop->wsFlags&(WHERE_BTM_LIMIT|WHERE_TOP_LIMIT))==0 ) return;
  sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pStr, " (", 2);
  for(i=0; i<nEq; i++){
................................................................................
    explainAppendTerm(pStr, i, z, "<");
  }
  sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pStr, ")", 1);
}

/*
** This function is a no-op unless currently processing an EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
** command. If the query being compiled is an EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN, a single

** record is added to the output to describe the table scan strategy in 
** pLevel.



*/
static void explainOneScan(
  Parse *pParse,                  /* Parse context */
  SrcList *pTabList,              /* Table list this loop refers to */
  WhereLevel *pLevel,             /* Scan to write OP_Explain opcode for */
  int iLevel,                     /* Value for "level" column of output */
  int iFrom,                      /* Value for "from" column of output */
  u16 wctrlFlags                  /* Flags passed to sqlite3WhereBegin() */
){
#ifndef SQLITE_DEBUG

  if( pParse->explain==2 )
#endif
  {
    struct SrcList_item *pItem = &pTabList->a[pLevel->iFrom];
    Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;      /* VM being constructed */
    sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;     /* Database handle */
    int iId = pParse->iSelectId;  /* Select id (left-most output column) */
................................................................................
    u32 flags;                    /* Flags that describe this loop */
    char *zMsg;                   /* Text to add to EQP output */
    StrAccum str;                 /* EQP output string */
    char zBuf[100];               /* Initial space for EQP output string */

    pLoop = pLevel->pWLoop;
    flags = pLoop->wsFlags;
    if( (flags&WHERE_MULTI_OR) || (wctrlFlags&WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY) ) return;

    isSearch = (flags&(WHERE_BTM_LIMIT|WHERE_TOP_LIMIT))!=0
            || ((flags&WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)==0 && (pLoop->u.btree.nEq>0))
            || (wctrlFlags&(WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN|WHERE_ORDERBY_MAX));

    sqlite3StrAccumInit(&str, zBuf, sizeof(zBuf), SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH);
    str.db = db;
................................................................................
      assert( pLoop->u.btree.pIndex!=0 );
      pIdx = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex;
      assert( !(flags&WHERE_AUTO_INDEX) || (flags&WHERE_IDX_ONLY) );
      if( !HasRowid(pItem->pTab) && IsPrimaryKeyIndex(pIdx) ){
        if( isSearch ){
          zFmt = "PRIMARY KEY";
        }


      }else if( flags & WHERE_AUTO_INDEX ){
        zFmt = "AUTOMATIC COVERING INDEX";
      }else if( flags & WHERE_IDX_ONLY ){
        zFmt = "COVERING INDEX %s";
      }else{
        zFmt = "INDEX %s";
      }
................................................................................
    if( pLoop->nOut>=10 ){
      sqlite3XPrintf(&str, 0, " (~%llu rows)", sqlite3LogEstToInt(pLoop->nOut));
    }else{
      sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&str, " (~1 row)", 9);
    }
#endif
    zMsg = sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&str);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Explain, iId, iLevel, iFrom, zMsg, P4_DYNAMIC);
  }

}
#else
# define explainOneScan(u,v,w,x,y,z)
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN */


































/*
** Generate code for the start of the iLevel-th loop in the WHERE clause
** implementation described by pWInfo.
*/
static Bitmask codeOneLoopStart(
................................................................................
    char *zStartAff;             /* Affinity for start of range constraint */
    char cEndAff = 0;            /* Affinity for end of range constraint */
    u8 bSeekPastNull = 0;        /* True to seek past initial nulls */
    u8 bStopAtNull = 0;          /* Add condition to terminate at NULLs */

    pIdx = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex;
    iIdxCur = pLevel->iIdxCur;
    assert( nEq>=pLoop->u.btree.nSkip );

    /* If this loop satisfies a sort order (pOrderBy) request that 
    ** was passed to this function to implement a "SELECT min(x) ..." 
    ** query, then the caller will only allow the loop to run for
    ** a single iteration. This means that the first row returned
    ** should not have a NULL value stored in 'x'. If column 'x' is
    ** the first one after the nEq equality constraints in the index,
................................................................................
    assert( pWInfo->pOrderBy==0
         || pWInfo->pOrderBy->nExpr==1
         || (pWInfo->wctrlFlags&WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN)==0 );
    if( (pWInfo->wctrlFlags&WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN)!=0
     && pWInfo->nOBSat>0
     && (pIdx->nKeyCol>nEq)
    ){
      assert( pLoop->u.btree.nSkip==0 );
      bSeekPastNull = 1;
      nExtraReg = 1;
    }

    /* Find any inequality constraint terms for the start and end 
    ** of the range. 
    */
................................................................................
    */
    if( pWC->nTerm>1 ){
      int iTerm;
      for(iTerm=0; iTerm<pWC->nTerm; iTerm++){
        Expr *pExpr = pWC->a[iTerm].pExpr;
        if( &pWC->a[iTerm] == pTerm ) continue;
        if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_FromJoin) ) continue;
        testcase( pWC->a[iTerm].wtFlags & TERM_ORINFO );
        testcase( pWC->a[iTerm].wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL );
        if( pWC->a[iTerm].wtFlags & (TERM_ORINFO|TERM_VIRTUAL) ) continue;
        if( (pWC->a[iTerm].eOperator & WO_ALL)==0 ) continue;

        pExpr = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pExpr, 0);
        pAndExpr = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pAndExpr, pExpr);
      }
      if( pAndExpr ){
        pAndExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_AND, 0, pAndExpr, 0);
      }
    }
................................................................................
        /* Loop through table entries that match term pOrTerm. */
        WHERETRACE(0xffff, ("Subplan for OR-clause:\n"));
        pSubWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, pOrTab, pOrExpr, 0, 0,
                                      wctrlFlags, iCovCur);
        assert( pSubWInfo || pParse->nErr || db->mallocFailed );
        if( pSubWInfo ){
          WhereLoop *pSubLoop;
          explainOneScan(
              pParse, pOrTab, &pSubWInfo->a[0], iLevel, pLevel->iFrom, 0
          );


          /* This is the sub-WHERE clause body.  First skip over
          ** duplicate rows from prior sub-WHERE clauses, and record the
          ** rowid (or PRIMARY KEY) for the current row so that the same
          ** row will be skipped in subsequent sub-WHERE clauses.
          */
          if( (pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_DUPLICATES_OK)==0 ){
            int r;
................................................................................
      pLevel->p1 = iCur;
      pLevel->p2 = 1 + sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, aStart[bRev], iCur, addrBrk);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, bRev==0);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, bRev!=0);
      pLevel->p5 = SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_FULLSCAN_STEP;
    }
  }





  /* Insert code to test every subexpression that can be completely
  ** computed using the current set of tables.
  */
  for(pTerm=pWC->a, j=pWC->nTerm; j>0; j--, pTerm++){
    Expr *pE;
    testcase( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL );
................................................................................
    }else{
      z = sqlite3_mprintf("(%d,%x)", p->u.vtab.idxNum, p->u.vtab.omitMask);
    }
    sqlite3DebugPrintf(" %-19s", z);
    sqlite3_free(z);
  }
  if( p->wsFlags & WHERE_SKIPSCAN ){
    sqlite3DebugPrintf(" f %05x %d-%d", p->wsFlags, p->nLTerm,p->u.btree.nSkip);
  }else{
    sqlite3DebugPrintf(" f %05x N %d", p->wsFlags, p->nLTerm);
  }
  sqlite3DebugPrintf(" cost %d,%d,%d\n", p->rSetup, p->rRun, p->nOut);
  if( p->nLTerm && (sqlite3WhereTrace & 0x100)!=0 ){
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<p->nLTerm; i++){
................................................................................
  if( p->wsFlags & (WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE|WHERE_AUTO_INDEX) ){
    if( (p->wsFlags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)!=0 && p->u.vtab.needFree ){
      sqlite3_free(p->u.vtab.idxStr);
      p->u.vtab.needFree = 0;
      p->u.vtab.idxStr = 0;
    }else if( (p->wsFlags & WHERE_AUTO_INDEX)!=0 && p->u.btree.pIndex!=0 ){
      sqlite3DbFree(db, p->u.btree.pIndex->zColAff);
      sqlite3KeyInfoUnref(p->u.btree.pIndex->pKeyInfo);
      sqlite3DbFree(db, p->u.btree.pIndex);
      p->u.btree.pIndex = 0;
    }
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
      whereLoopDelete(db, p);
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pWInfo);
  }
}

/*
** Return TRUE if both of the following are true:
**
**   (1)  X has the same or lower cost that Y
**   (2)  X is a proper subset of Y

**
** By "proper subset" we mean that X uses fewer WHERE clause terms
** than Y and that every WHERE clause term used by X is also used
** by Y.
**
** If X is a proper subset of Y then Y is a better choice and ought
** to have a lower cost.  This routine returns TRUE when that cost 
** relationship is inverted and needs to be adjusted.


*/
static int whereLoopCheaperProperSubset(
  const WhereLoop *pX,       /* First WhereLoop to compare */
  const WhereLoop *pY        /* Compare against this WhereLoop */
){
  int i, j;

  if( pX->nLTerm >= pY->nLTerm ) return 0; /* X is not a subset of Y */


  if( pX->rRun >= pY->rRun ){
    if( pX->rRun > pY->rRun ) return 0;    /* X costs more than Y */
    if( pX->nOut > pY->nOut ) return 0;    /* X costs more than Y */
  }
  for(i=pX->nLTerm-1; i>=0; i--){

    for(j=pY->nLTerm-1; j>=0; j--){
      if( pY->aLTerm[j]==pX->aLTerm[i] ) break;
    }
    if( j<0 ) return 0;  /* X not a subset of Y since term X[i] not used by Y */
  }
  return 1;  /* All conditions meet */
}
................................................................................
**
**   (2) pTemplate costs more than any other WhereLoops for which pTemplate
**       is a proper subset.
**
** To say "WhereLoop X is a proper subset of Y" means that X uses fewer
** WHERE clause terms than Y and that every WHERE clause term used by X is
** also used by Y.
**
** This adjustment is omitted for SKIPSCAN loops.  In a SKIPSCAN loop, the
** WhereLoop.nLTerm field is not an accurate measure of the number of WHERE
** clause terms covered, since some of the first nLTerm entries in aLTerm[]
** will be NULL (because they are skipped).  That makes it more difficult
** to compare the loops.  We could add extra code to do the comparison, and
** perhaps we will someday.  But SKIPSCAN is sufficiently uncommon, and this
** adjustment is sufficient minor, that it is very difficult to construct
** a test case where the extra code would improve the query plan.  Better
** to avoid the added complexity and just omit cost adjustments to SKIPSCAN
** loops.
*/
static void whereLoopAdjustCost(const WhereLoop *p, WhereLoop *pTemplate){
  if( (pTemplate->wsFlags & WHERE_INDEXED)==0 ) return;
  if( (pTemplate->wsFlags & WHERE_SKIPSCAN)!=0 ) return;
  for(; p; p=p->pNextLoop){
    if( p->iTab!=pTemplate->iTab ) continue;
    if( (p->wsFlags & WHERE_INDEXED)==0 ) continue;
    if( (p->wsFlags & WHERE_SKIPSCAN)!=0 ) continue;
    if( whereLoopCheaperProperSubset(p, pTemplate) ){
      /* Adjust pTemplate cost downward so that it is cheaper than its 
      ** subset p */


      pTemplate->rRun = p->rRun;
      pTemplate->nOut = p->nOut - 1;
    }else if( whereLoopCheaperProperSubset(pTemplate, p) ){
      /* Adjust pTemplate cost upward so that it is costlier than p since
      ** pTemplate is a proper subset of p */


      pTemplate->rRun = p->rRun;
      pTemplate->nOut = p->nOut + 1;
    }
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
    /* whereLoopAddBtree() always generates and inserts the automatic index
    ** case first.  Hence compatible candidate WhereLoops never have a larger
    ** rSetup. Call this SETUP-INVARIANT */
    assert( p->rSetup>=pTemplate->rSetup );

    /* Any loop using an appliation-defined index (or PRIMARY KEY or
    ** UNIQUE constraint) with one or more == constraints is better
    ** than an automatic index. */
    if( (p->wsFlags & WHERE_AUTO_INDEX)!=0

     && (pTemplate->wsFlags & WHERE_INDEXED)!=0
     && (pTemplate->wsFlags & WHERE_COLUMN_EQ)!=0
     && (p->prereq & pTemplate->prereq)==pTemplate->prereq
    ){
      break;
    }

................................................................................
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Adjust the WhereLoop.nOut value downward to account for terms of the
** WHERE clause that reference the loop but which are not used by an
** index.





**
** In the current implementation, the first extra WHERE clause term reduces
** the number of output rows by a factor of 10 and each additional term
** reduces the number of output rows by sqrt(2).


















*/
static void whereLoopOutputAdjust(
  WhereClause *pWC,      /* The WHERE clause */
  WhereLoop *pLoop,      /* The loop to adjust downward */
  LogEst nRow            /* Number of rows in the entire table */
){
  WhereTerm *pTerm, *pX;
  Bitmask notAllowed = ~(pLoop->prereq|pLoop->maskSelf);
  int i, j;
  int nEq = 0;    /* Number of = constraints not within likely()/unlikely() */


  for(i=pWC->nTerm, pTerm=pWC->a; i>0; i--, pTerm++){
    if( (pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL)!=0 ) break;
    if( (pTerm->prereqAll & pLoop->maskSelf)==0 ) continue;
    if( (pTerm->prereqAll & notAllowed)!=0 ) continue;
    for(j=pLoop->nLTerm-1; j>=0; j--){
      pX = pLoop->aLTerm[j];
      if( pX==0 ) continue;
      if( pX==pTerm ) break;
      if( pX->iParent>=0 && (&pWC->a[pX->iParent])==pTerm ) break;
    }
    if( j<0 ){
      if( pTerm->truthProb<=0 ){


        pLoop->nOut += pTerm->truthProb;
      }else{


        pLoop->nOut--;
        if( pTerm->eOperator&WO_EQ ) nEq++;








      }
    }
  }
  /* TUNING:  If there is at least one equality constraint in the WHERE
  ** clause that does not have a likelihood() explicitly assigned to it
  ** then do not let the estimated number of output rows exceed half 
  ** the number of rows in the table. */
  if( nEq && pLoop->nOut>nRow-10 ){
    pLoop->nOut = nRow - 10;
  }
}

/*
** Adjust the cost C by the costMult facter T.  This only occurs if
** compiled with -DSQLITE_ENABLE_COSTMULT
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COSTMULT
................................................................................
  WhereLoop *pNew;                /* Template WhereLoop under construction */
  WhereTerm *pTerm;               /* A WhereTerm under consideration */
  int opMask;                     /* Valid operators for constraints */
  WhereScan scan;                 /* Iterator for WHERE terms */
  Bitmask saved_prereq;           /* Original value of pNew->prereq */
  u16 saved_nLTerm;               /* Original value of pNew->nLTerm */
  u16 saved_nEq;                  /* Original value of pNew->u.btree.nEq */
  u16 saved_nSkip;                /* Original value of pNew->u.btree.nSkip */
  u32 saved_wsFlags;              /* Original value of pNew->wsFlags */
  LogEst saved_nOut;              /* Original value of pNew->nOut */
  int iCol;                       /* Index of the column in the table */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return code */
  LogEst rSize;                   /* Number of rows in the table */
  LogEst rLogSize;                /* Logarithm of table size */
  WhereTerm *pTop = 0, *pBtm = 0; /* Top and bottom range constraints */
................................................................................

  assert( pNew->u.btree.nEq<pProbe->nColumn );
  iCol = pProbe->aiColumn[pNew->u.btree.nEq];

  pTerm = whereScanInit(&scan, pBuilder->pWC, pSrc->iCursor, iCol,
                        opMask, pProbe);
  saved_nEq = pNew->u.btree.nEq;
  saved_nSkip = pNew->u.btree.nSkip;
  saved_nLTerm = pNew->nLTerm;
  saved_wsFlags = pNew->wsFlags;
  saved_prereq = pNew->prereq;
  saved_nOut = pNew->nOut;
  pNew->rSetup = 0;
  rSize = pProbe->aiRowLogEst[0];
  rLogSize = estLog(rSize);

  /* Consider using a skip-scan if there are no WHERE clause constraints
  ** available for the left-most terms of the index, and if the average
  ** number of repeats in the left-most terms is at least 18. 
  **
  ** The magic number 18 is selected on the basis that scanning 17 rows
  ** is almost always quicker than an index seek (even though if the index
  ** contains fewer than 2^17 rows we assume otherwise in other parts of
  ** the code). And, even if it is not, it should not be too much slower. 
  ** On the other hand, the extra seeks could end up being significantly
  ** more expensive.  */
  assert( 42==sqlite3LogEst(18) );
  if( saved_nEq==saved_nSkip
   && saved_nEq+1<pProbe->nKeyCol
   && pProbe->aiRowLogEst[saved_nEq+1]>=42  /* TUNING: Minimum for skip-scan */
   && (rc = whereLoopResize(db, pNew, pNew->nLTerm+1))==SQLITE_OK
  ){
    LogEst nIter;
    pNew->u.btree.nEq++;
    pNew->u.btree.nSkip++;
    pNew->aLTerm[pNew->nLTerm++] = 0;
    pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_SKIPSCAN;
    nIter = pProbe->aiRowLogEst[saved_nEq] - pProbe->aiRowLogEst[saved_nEq+1];
    if( pTerm ){
      /* TUNING:  When estimating skip-scan for a term that is also indexable,
      ** multiply the cost of the skip-scan by 2.0, to make it a little less
      ** desirable than the regular index lookup. */
      nIter += 10;  assert( 10==sqlite3LogEst(2) );
    }
    pNew->nOut -= nIter;
    /* TUNING:  Because uncertainties in the estimates for skip-scan queries,
    ** add a 1.375 fudge factor to make skip-scan slightly less likely. */
    nIter += 5;
    whereLoopAddBtreeIndex(pBuilder, pSrc, pProbe, nIter + nInMul);
    pNew->nOut = saved_nOut;
    pNew->u.btree.nEq = saved_nEq;
    pNew->u.btree.nSkip = saved_nSkip;
  }
  for(; rc==SQLITE_OK && pTerm!=0; pTerm = whereScanNext(&scan)){
    u16 eOp = pTerm->eOperator;   /* Shorthand for pTerm->eOperator */
    LogEst rCostIdx;
    LogEst nOutUnadjusted;        /* nOut before IN() and WHERE adjustments */
    int nIn = 0;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
    int nRecValid = pBuilder->nRecValid;
................................................................................
        pNew->nOut -= nIn;
      }else{
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
        tRowcnt nOut = 0;
        if( nInMul==0 
         && pProbe->nSample 
         && pNew->u.btree.nEq<=pProbe->nSampleCol
         && OptimizationEnabled(db, SQLITE_Stat3) 
         && ((eOp & WO_IN)==0 || !ExprHasProperty(pTerm->pExpr, EP_xIsSelect))
        ){
          Expr *pExpr = pTerm->pExpr;
          if( (eOp & (WO_EQ|WO_ISNULL))!=0 ){
            testcase( eOp & WO_EQ );
            testcase( eOp & WO_ISNULL );
            rc = whereEqualScanEst(pParse, pBuilder, pExpr->pRight, &nOut);
................................................................................
    pNew->nOut = saved_nOut;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
    pBuilder->nRecValid = nRecValid;
#endif
  }
  pNew->prereq = saved_prereq;
  pNew->u.btree.nEq = saved_nEq;
  pNew->u.btree.nSkip = saved_nSkip;
  pNew->wsFlags = saved_wsFlags;
  pNew->nOut = saved_nOut;
  pNew->nLTerm = saved_nLTerm;



































  return rc;
}

/*
** Return True if it is possible that pIndex might be useful in
** implementing the ORDER BY clause in pBuilder.
**
................................................................................
    /* Generate auto-index WhereLoops */
    WhereTerm *pTerm;
    WhereTerm *pWCEnd = pWC->a + pWC->nTerm;
    for(pTerm=pWC->a; rc==SQLITE_OK && pTerm<pWCEnd; pTerm++){
      if( pTerm->prereqRight & pNew->maskSelf ) continue;
      if( termCanDriveIndex(pTerm, pSrc, 0) ){
        pNew->u.btree.nEq = 1;
        pNew->u.btree.nSkip = 0;
        pNew->u.btree.pIndex = 0;
        pNew->nLTerm = 1;
        pNew->aLTerm[0] = pTerm;
        /* TUNING: One-time cost for computing the automatic index is
        ** estimated to be X*N*log2(N) where N is the number of rows in
        ** the table being indexed and where X is 7 (LogEst=28) for normal
        ** tables or 1.375 (LogEst=4) for views and subqueries.  The value
................................................................................
    if( pProbe->pPartIdxWhere!=0
     && !whereUsablePartialIndex(pSrc->iCursor, pWC, pProbe->pPartIdxWhere) ){
      testcase( pNew->iTab!=pSrc->iCursor );  /* See ticket [98d973b8f5] */
      continue;  /* Partial index inappropriate for this query */
    }
    rSize = pProbe->aiRowLogEst[0];
    pNew->u.btree.nEq = 0;
    pNew->u.btree.nSkip = 0;
    pNew->nLTerm = 0;
    pNew->iSortIdx = 0;
    pNew->rSetup = 0;
    pNew->prereq = mExtra;
    pNew->nOut = rSize;
    pNew->u.btree.pIndex = pProbe;
    b = indexMightHelpWithOrderBy(pBuilder, pProbe, pSrc->iCursor);
................................................................................
      rev = revSet = 0;
      distinctColumns = 0;
      for(j=0; j<nColumn; j++){
        u8 bOnce;   /* True to run the ORDER BY search loop */

        /* Skip over == and IS NULL terms */
        if( j<pLoop->u.btree.nEq
         && pLoop->u.btree.nSkip==0
         && ((i = pLoop->aLTerm[j]->eOperator) & (WO_EQ|WO_ISNULL))!=0
        ){
          if( i & WO_ISNULL ){
            testcase( isOrderDistinct );
            isOrderDistinct = 0;
          }
          continue;  
................................................................................
            }
          }
        }
      }
    }

#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED  /* >=2 */
    if( sqlite3WhereTrace>=2 ){
      sqlite3DebugPrintf("---- after round %d ----\n", iLoop);
      for(ii=0, pTo=aTo; ii<nTo; ii++, pTo++){
        sqlite3DebugPrintf(" %s cost=%-3d nrow=%-3d order=%c",
           wherePathName(pTo, iLoop+1, 0), pTo->rCost, pTo->nRow,
           pTo->isOrdered>=0 ? (pTo->isOrdered+'0') : '?');
        if( pTo->isOrdered>0 ){
          sqlite3DebugPrintf(" rev=0x%llx\n", pTo->revLoop);
................................................................................
  pTab = pItem->pTab;
  if( IsVirtual(pTab) ) return 0;
  if( pItem->zIndex ) return 0;
  iCur = pItem->iCursor;
  pWC = &pWInfo->sWC;
  pLoop = pBuilder->pNew;
  pLoop->wsFlags = 0;
  pLoop->u.btree.nSkip = 0;
  pTerm = findTerm(pWC, iCur, -1, 0, WO_EQ, 0);
  if( pTerm ){
    pLoop->wsFlags = WHERE_COLUMN_EQ|WHERE_IPK|WHERE_ONEROW;
    pLoop->aLTerm[0] = pTerm;
    pLoop->nLTerm = 1;
    pLoop->u.btree.nEq = 1;
    /* TUNING: Cost of a rowid lookup is 10 */
    pLoop->rRun = 33;  /* 33==sqlite3LogEst(10) */
  }else{
    for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
      assert( pLoop->aLTermSpace==pLoop->aLTerm );
      assert( ArraySize(pLoop->aLTermSpace)==4 );
      if( !IsUniqueIndex(pIdx)
       || pIdx->pPartIdxWhere!=0 
       || pIdx->nKeyCol>ArraySize(pLoop->aLTermSpace) 
      ) continue;
      for(j=0; j<pIdx->nKeyCol; j++){
        pTerm = findTerm(pWC, iCur, pIdx->aiColumn[j], 0, WO_EQ, pIdx);
        if( pTerm==0 ) break;
................................................................................

  /* Generate the code to do the search.  Each iteration of the for
  ** loop below generates code for a single nested loop of the VM
  ** program.
  */
  notReady = ~(Bitmask)0;
  for(ii=0; ii<nTabList; ii++){


    pLevel = &pWInfo->a[ii];

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOMATIC_INDEX
    if( (pLevel->pWLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_AUTO_INDEX)!=0 ){
      constructAutomaticIndex(pParse, &pWInfo->sWC,
                &pTabList->a[pLevel->iFrom], notReady, pLevel);
      if( db->mallocFailed ) goto whereBeginError;
    }
#endif

    explainOneScan(pParse, pTabList, pLevel, ii, pLevel->iFrom, wctrlFlags);

    pLevel->addrBody = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
    notReady = codeOneLoopStart(pWInfo, ii, notReady);
    pWInfo->iContinue = pLevel->addrCont;



  }

  /* Done. */
  VdbeModuleComment((v, "Begin WHERE-core"));
  return pWInfo;

  /* Jump here if malloc fails */
................................................................................
      case 112: /* select ::= with selectnowith */
{
  Select *p = yymsp[0].minor.yy3, *pNext, *pLoop;
  if( p ){
    int cnt = 0, mxSelect;
    p->pWith = yymsp[-1].minor.yy59;
    if( p->pPrior ){

      pNext = 0;
      for(pLoop=p; pLoop; pNext=pLoop, pLoop=pLoop->pPrior, cnt++){
        pLoop->pNext = pNext;
        pLoop->selFlags |= SF_Compound;

      }



      mxSelect = pParse->db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT];
      if( mxSelect && cnt>mxSelect ){

        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "too many terms in compound SELECT");
      }
    }
  }else{
    sqlite3WithDelete(pParse->db, yymsp[-1].minor.yy59);
  }
  yygotominor.yy3 = p;
................................................................................
  int tokenType;                  /* type of the next token */
  int lastTokenParsed = -1;       /* type of the previous token */
  u8 enableLookaside;             /* Saved value of db->lookaside.bEnabled */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;       /* The database connection */
  int mxSqlLen;                   /* Max length of an SQL string */





  mxSqlLen = db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_SQL_LENGTH];
  if( db->nVdbeActive==0 ){
    db->u1.isInterrupted = 0;
  }
  pParse->rc = SQLITE_OK;
  pParse->zTail = zSql;
  i = 0;
................................................................................
                     /* Token:           */
     /* State:       **  SEMI  WS  OTHER */
     /* 0 INVALID: */ {    1,  0,     2, },
     /* 1   START: */ {    1,  1,     2, },
     /* 2  NORMAL: */ {    1,  2,     2, },
  };
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER */








  while( *zSql ){
    switch( *zSql ){
      case ';': {  /* A semicolon */
        token = tkSEMI;
        break;
      }
................................................................................
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE) && defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_IOTRACE)
/*
** If the following function pointer is not NULL and if
** SQLITE_ENABLE_IOTRACE is enabled, then messages describing
** I/O active are written using this function.  These messages
** are intended for debugging activity only.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void (*sqlite3IoTrace)(const char*, ...) = 0;
#endif

/*
** If the following global variable points to a string which is the
** name of a directory, then that directory will be used to store
** temporary files.
**
................................................................................
** there are outstanding database connections or memory allocations or
** while any part of SQLite is otherwise in use in any thread.  This
** routine is not threadsafe.  But it is safe to invoke this routine
** on when SQLite is already shut down.  If SQLite is already shut down
** when this routine is invoked, then this routine is a harmless no-op.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_shutdown(void){







  if( sqlite3GlobalConfig.isInit ){
#ifdef SQLITE_EXTRA_SHUTDOWN
    void SQLITE_EXTRA_SHUTDOWN(void);
    SQLITE_EXTRA_SHUTDOWN();
#endif
    sqlite3_os_end();
    sqlite3_reset_auto_extension();
................................................................................
  ** the SQLite library is in use. */
  if( sqlite3GlobalConfig.isInit ) return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;

  va_start(ap, op);
  switch( op ){

    /* Mutex configuration options are only available in a threadsafe
    ** compile. 
    */
#if defined(SQLITE_THREADSAFE) && SQLITE_THREADSAFE>0
    case SQLITE_CONFIG_SINGLETHREAD: {
      /* Disable all mutexing */
      sqlite3GlobalConfig.bCoreMutex = 0;
      sqlite3GlobalConfig.bFullMutex = 0;
      break;
    }


    case SQLITE_CONFIG_MULTITHREAD: {
      /* Disable mutexing of database connections */
      /* Enable mutexing of core data structures */
      sqlite3GlobalConfig.bCoreMutex = 1;
      sqlite3GlobalConfig.bFullMutex = 0;
      break;
    }


    case SQLITE_CONFIG_SERIALIZED: {
      /* Enable all mutexing */
      sqlite3GlobalConfig.bCoreMutex = 1;
      sqlite3GlobalConfig.bFullMutex = 1;
      break;
    }


    case SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX: {
      /* Specify an alternative mutex implementation */
      sqlite3GlobalConfig.mutex = *va_arg(ap, sqlite3_mutex_methods*);
      break;
    }


    case SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMUTEX: {
      /* Retrieve the current mutex implementation */
      *va_arg(ap, sqlite3_mutex_methods*) = sqlite3GlobalConfig.mutex;
      break;
    }
#endif


    case SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC: {

      /* Specify an alternative malloc implementation */



      sqlite3GlobalConfig.m = *va_arg(ap, sqlite3_mem_methods*);
      break;
    }
    case SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMALLOC: {
      /* Retrieve the current malloc() implementation */



      if( sqlite3GlobalConfig.m.xMalloc==0 ) sqlite3MemSetDefault();
      *va_arg(ap, sqlite3_mem_methods*) = sqlite3GlobalConfig.m;
      break;
    }
    case SQLITE_CONFIG_MEMSTATUS: {
      /* Enable or disable the malloc status collection */


      sqlite3GlobalConfig.bMemstat = va_arg(ap, int);
      break;
    }
    case SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH: {
      /* Designate a buffer for scratch memory space */



      sqlite3GlobalConfig.pScratch = va_arg(ap, void*);
      sqlite3GlobalConfig.szScratch = va_arg(ap, int);
      sqlite3GlobalConfig.nScratch = va_arg(ap, int);
      break;
    }
    case SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE: {
      /* Designate a buffer for page cache memory space */


      sqlite3GlobalConfig.pPage = va_arg(ap, void*);
      sqlite3GlobalConfig.szPage = va_arg(ap, int);
      sqlite3GlobalConfig.nPage = va_arg(ap, int);
      break;











    }

    case SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE: {
      /* no-op */
      break;
    }
    case SQLITE_CONFIG_GETPCACHE: {
      /* now an error */
      rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
      break;
    }

    case SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE2: {



      /* Specify an alternative page cache implementation */
      sqlite3GlobalConfig.pcache2 = *va_arg(ap, sqlite3_pcache_methods2*);
      break;
    }
    case SQLITE_CONFIG_GETPCACHE2: {




      if( sqlite3GlobalConfig.pcache2.xInit==0 ){
        sqlite3PCacheSetDefault();
      }
      *va_arg(ap, sqlite3_pcache_methods2*) = sqlite3GlobalConfig.pcache2;
      break;
    }




#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS3) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS5)
    case SQLITE_CONFIG_HEAP: {
      /* Designate a buffer for heap memory space */



      sqlite3GlobalConfig.pHeap = va_arg(ap, void*);
      sqlite3GlobalConfig.nHeap = va_arg(ap, int);
      sqlite3GlobalConfig.mnReq = va_arg(ap, int);

      if( sqlite3GlobalConfig.mnReq<1 ){
        sqlite3GlobalConfig.mnReq = 1;
      }else if( sqlite3GlobalConfig.mnReq>(1<<12) ){
        /* cap min request size at 2^12 */
        sqlite3GlobalConfig.mnReq = (1<<12);
      }

      if( sqlite3GlobalConfig.pHeap==0 ){
        /* If the heap pointer is NULL, then restore the malloc implementation
        ** back to NULL pointers too.  This will cause the malloc to go




        ** back to its default implementation when sqlite3_initialize() is
        ** run.
        */
        memset(&sqlite3GlobalConfig.m, 0, sizeof(sqlite3GlobalConfig.m));
      }else{
        /* The heap pointer is not NULL, then install one of the
        ** mem5.c/mem3.c methods.  The enclosing #if guarantees at
        ** least one of these methods is currently enabled.
        */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS3
        sqlite3GlobalConfig.m = *sqlite3MemGetMemsys3();
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS5
        sqlite3GlobalConfig.m = *sqlite3MemGetMemsys5();
#endif
      }
................................................................................

    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-55548-33817 The compile-time setting for URI filenames
    ** can be changed at start-time using the
    ** sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_URI,1) or
    ** sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_URI,0) configuration calls.
    */
    case SQLITE_CONFIG_URI: {




      sqlite3GlobalConfig.bOpenUri = va_arg(ap, int);
      break;
    }

    case SQLITE_CONFIG_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN: {




      sqlite3GlobalConfig.bUseCis = va_arg(ap, int);
      break;
    }

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SQLLOG
    case SQLITE_CONFIG_SQLLOG: {
      typedef void(*SQLLOGFUNC_t)(void*, sqlite3*, const char*, int);
................................................................................
      sqlite3GlobalConfig.xSqllog = va_arg(ap, SQLLOGFUNC_t);
      sqlite3GlobalConfig.pSqllogArg = va_arg(ap, void *);
      break;
    }
#endif

    case SQLITE_CONFIG_MMAP_SIZE: {




      sqlite3_int64 szMmap = va_arg(ap, sqlite3_int64);
      sqlite3_int64 mxMmap = va_arg(ap, sqlite3_int64);





      if( mxMmap<0 || mxMmap>SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE ){


        mxMmap = SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE;
      }
      sqlite3GlobalConfig.mxMmap = mxMmap;
      if( szMmap<0 ) szMmap = SQLITE_DEFAULT_MMAP_SIZE;
      if( szMmap>mxMmap) szMmap = mxMmap;

      sqlite3GlobalConfig.szMmap = szMmap;
      break;
    }

#if SQLITE_OS_WIN && defined(SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC)
    case SQLITE_CONFIG_WIN32_HEAPSIZE: {



      sqlite3GlobalConfig.nHeap = va_arg(ap, int);
      break;
    }
#endif






    default: {
      rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
      break;
    }
  }
  va_end(ap);
................................................................................
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Return the mutex associated with a database connection.
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3_mutex *sqlite3_db_mutex(sqlite3 *db){






  return db->mutex;
}

/*
** Free up as much memory as we can from the given database
** connection.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_db_release_memory(sqlite3 *db){
  int i;




  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  sqlite3BtreeEnterAll(db);
  for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
    Btree *pBt = db->aDb[i].pBt;
    if( pBt ){
      Pager *pPager = sqlite3BtreePager(pBt);
      sqlite3PagerShrink(pPager);
................................................................................
static int binCollFunc(
  void *padFlag,
  int nKey1, const void *pKey1,
  int nKey2, const void *pKey2
){
  int rc, n;
  n = nKey1<nKey2 ? nKey1 : nKey2;



  rc = memcmp(pKey1, pKey2, n);
  if( rc==0 ){
    if( padFlag
     && allSpaces(((char*)pKey1)+n, nKey1-n)
     && allSpaces(((char*)pKey2)+n, nKey2-n)
    ){
      /* Leave rc unchanged at 0 */




    }else{
      rc = nKey1 - nKey2;
    }
  }
  return rc;
}

................................................................................
  return r;
}

/*
** Return the ROWID of the most recent insert
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite_int64 sqlite3_last_insert_rowid(sqlite3 *db){






  return db->lastRowid;
}

/*
** Return the number of changes in the most recent call to sqlite3_exec().
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_changes(sqlite3 *db){






  return db->nChange;
}

/*
** Return the number of changes since the database handle was opened.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_total_changes(sqlite3 *db){






  return db->nTotalChange;
}

/*
** Close all open savepoints. This function only manipulates fields of the
** database handle object, it does not close any savepoints that may be open
** at the b-tree/pager level.
................................................................................
  /* Free any outstanding Savepoint structures. */
  sqlite3CloseSavepoints(db);

  /* Close all database connections */
  for(j=0; j<db->nDb; j++){
    struct Db *pDb = &db->aDb[j];
    if( pDb->pBt ){
      if( pDb->pSchema ){
        /* Must clear the KeyInfo cache.  See ticket [e4a18565a36884b00edf] */
        sqlite3BtreeEnter(pDb->pBt);
        for(i=sqliteHashFirst(&pDb->pSchema->idxHash); i; i=sqliteHashNext(i)){
          Index *pIdx = sqliteHashData(i);
          sqlite3KeyInfoUnref(pIdx->pKeyInfo);
          pIdx->pKeyInfo = 0;
        }
        sqlite3BtreeLeave(pDb->pBt);
      }
      sqlite3BtreeClose(pDb->pBt);
      pDb->pBt = 0;
      if( j!=1 ){
        pDb->pSchema = 0;
      }
    }
  }
................................................................................
** an integer number of milliseconds passed in as the first
** argument.
*/
static int sqliteDefaultBusyCallback(
 void *ptr,               /* Database connection */
 int count                /* Number of times table has been busy */
){
#if SQLITE_OS_WIN || (defined(HAVE_USLEEP) && HAVE_USLEEP)
  static const u8 delays[] =
     { 1, 2, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 25,  25,  50,  50, 100 };
  static const u8 totals[] =
     { 0, 1, 3,  8, 18, 33, 53, 78, 103, 128, 178, 228 };
# define NDELAY ArraySize(delays)
  sqlite3 *db = (sqlite3 *)ptr;
  int timeout = db->busyTimeout;
................................................................................
** given callback function with the given argument.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_busy_handler(
  sqlite3 *db,
  int (*xBusy)(void*,int),
  void *pArg
){



  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  db->busyHandler.xFunc = xBusy;
  db->busyHandler.pArg = pArg;
  db->busyHandler.nBusy = 0;
  db->busyTimeout = 0;
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return SQLITE_OK;
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_progress_handler(
  sqlite3 *db, 
  int nOps,
  int (*xProgress)(void*), 
  void *pArg
){






  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  if( nOps>0 ){
    db->xProgress = xProgress;
    db->nProgressOps = (unsigned)nOps;
    db->pProgressArg = pArg;
  }else{
    db->xProgress = 0;
................................................................................


/*
** This routine installs a default busy handler that waits for the
** specified number of milliseconds before returning 0.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_busy_timeout(sqlite3 *db, int ms){



  if( ms>0 ){
    sqlite3_busy_handler(db, sqliteDefaultBusyCallback, (void*)db);
    db->busyTimeout = ms;
  }else{
    sqlite3_busy_handler(db, 0, 0);
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Cause any pending operation to stop at its earliest opportunity.
*/
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_interrupt(sqlite3 *db){






  db->u1.isInterrupted = 1;
}


/*
** This function is exactly the same as sqlite3_create_function(), except
** that it is designed to be called by internal code. The difference is
................................................................................
  void (*xFunc)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value **),
  void (*xStep)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value **),
  void (*xFinal)(sqlite3_context*),
  void (*xDestroy)(void *)
){
  int rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
  FuncDestructor *pArg = 0;






  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  if( xDestroy ){
    pArg = (FuncDestructor *)sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(FuncDestructor));
    if( !pArg ){
      xDestroy(p);
      goto out;
    }
................................................................................
  void *p,
  void (*xFunc)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
  void (*xStep)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
  void (*xFinal)(sqlite3_context*)
){
  int rc;
  char *zFunc8;




  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  assert( !db->mallocFailed );
  zFunc8 = sqlite3Utf16to8(db, zFunctionName, -1, SQLITE_UTF16NATIVE);
  rc = sqlite3CreateFunc(db, zFunc8, nArg, eTextRep, p, xFunc, xStep, xFinal,0);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, zFunc8);
  rc = sqlite3ApiExit(db, rc);
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
................................................................................
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_overload_function(
  sqlite3 *db,
  const char *zName,
  int nArg
){
  int nName = sqlite3Strlen30(zName);
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;






  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  if( sqlite3FindFunction(db, zName, nName, nArg, SQLITE_UTF8, 0)==0 ){
    rc = sqlite3CreateFunc(db, zName, nArg, SQLITE_UTF8,
                           0, sqlite3InvalidFunction, 0, 0, 0);
  }
  rc = sqlite3ApiExit(db, rc);
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
................................................................................
**
** A NULL trace function means that no tracing is executes.  A non-NULL
** trace is a pointer to a function that is invoked at the start of each
** SQL statement.
*/
SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_trace(sqlite3 *db, void (*xTrace)(void*,const char*), void *pArg){
  void *pOld;







  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  pOld = db->pTraceArg;
  db->xTrace = xTrace;
  db->pTraceArg = pArg;
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return pOld;
}
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_profile(
  sqlite3 *db,
  void (*xProfile)(void*,const char*,sqlite_uint64),
  void *pArg
){
  void *pOld;







  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  pOld = db->pProfileArg;
  db->xProfile = xProfile;
  db->pProfileArg = pArg;
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return pOld;
}
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_commit_hook(
  sqlite3 *db,              /* Attach the hook to this database */
  int (*xCallback)(void*),  /* Function to invoke on each commit */
  void *pArg                /* Argument to the function */
){
  void *pOld;







  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  pOld = db->pCommitArg;
  db->xCommitCallback = xCallback;
  db->pCommitArg = pArg;
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return pOld;
}
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_update_hook(
  sqlite3 *db,              /* Attach the hook to this database */
  void (*xCallback)(void*,int,char const *,char const *,sqlite_int64),
  void *pArg                /* Argument to the function */
){
  void *pRet;







  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  pRet = db->pUpdateArg;
  db->xUpdateCallback = xCallback;
  db->pUpdateArg = pArg;
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return pRet;
}
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_rollback_hook(
  sqlite3 *db,              /* Attach the hook to this database */
  void (*xCallback)(void*), /* Callback function */
  void *pArg                /* Argument to the function */
){
  void *pRet;







  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  pRet = db->pRollbackArg;
  db->xRollbackCallback = xCallback;
  db->pRollbackArg = pArg;
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return pRet;
}
................................................................................
** configured by this function.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_wal_autocheckpoint(sqlite3 *db, int nFrame){
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(db);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(nFrame);
#else



  if( nFrame>0 ){
    sqlite3_wal_hook(db, sqlite3WalDefaultHook, SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(nFrame));
  }else{
    sqlite3_wal_hook(db, 0, 0);
  }
#endif
  return SQLITE_OK;
................................................................................
SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_wal_hook(
  sqlite3 *db,                    /* Attach the hook to this db handle */
  int(*xCallback)(void *, sqlite3*, const char*, int),
  void *pArg                      /* First argument passed to xCallback() */
){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  void *pRet;






  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  pRet = db->pWalArg;
  db->xWalCallback = xCallback;
  db->pWalArg = pArg;
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return pRet;
#else
................................................................................
  int *pnCkpt                     /* OUT: Total number of frames checkpointed */
){
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  return SQLITE_OK;
#else
  int rc;                         /* Return code */
  int iDb = SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED;  /* sqlite3.aDb[] index of db to checkpoint */





  /* Initialize the output variables to -1 in case an error occurs. */
  if( pnLog ) *pnLog = -1;
  if( pnCkpt ) *pnCkpt = -1;

  assert( SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL>SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE );
  assert( SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL<SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_RESTART );
  assert( SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE+2==SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_RESTART );

  if( eMode<SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE || eMode>SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_RESTART ){


    return SQLITE_MISUSE;
  }

  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  if( zDb && zDb[0] ){
    iDb = sqlite3FindDbName(db, zDb);
  }
................................................................................

/*
** Checkpoint database zDb. If zDb is NULL, or if the buffer zDb points
** to contains a zero-length string, all attached databases are 
** checkpointed.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_wal_checkpoint(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDb){


  return sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2(db, zDb, SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE, 0, 0);
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
/*
** Run a checkpoint on database iDb. This is a no-op if database iDb is
** not currently open in WAL mode.
**
................................................................................
** argument.  For now, this simply calls the internal sqlite3ErrStr()
** function.
*/
SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_errstr(int rc){
  return sqlite3ErrStr(rc);
}

/*
** Invalidate all cached KeyInfo objects for database connection "db"
*/
static void invalidateCachedKeyInfo(sqlite3 *db){
  Db *pDb;                    /* A single database */
  int iDb;                    /* The database index number */
  HashElem *k;                /* For looping over tables in pDb */
  Table *pTab;                /* A table in the database */
  Index *pIdx;                /* Each index */

  for(iDb=0, pDb=db->aDb; iDb<db->nDb; iDb++, pDb++){
    if( pDb->pBt==0 ) continue;
    sqlite3BtreeEnter(pDb->pBt);
    for(k=sqliteHashFirst(&pDb->pSchema->tblHash);  k; k=sqliteHashNext(k)){
      pTab = (Table*)sqliteHashData(k);
      for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
        if( pIdx->pKeyInfo && pIdx->pKeyInfo->db==db ){
          sqlite3KeyInfoUnref(pIdx->pKeyInfo);
          pIdx->pKeyInfo = 0;
        }
      }
    }
    sqlite3BtreeLeave(pDb->pBt);
  }
}

/*
** Create a new collating function for database "db".  The name is zName
** and the encoding is enc.
*/
static int createCollation(
  sqlite3* db,
  const char *zName, 
................................................................................
  if( pColl && pColl->xCmp ){
    if( db->nVdbeActive ){
      sqlite3ErrorWithMsg(db, SQLITE_BUSY, 
        "unable to delete/modify collation sequence due to active statements");
      return SQLITE_BUSY;
    }
    sqlite3ExpirePreparedStatements(db);
    invalidateCachedKeyInfo(db);

    /* If collation sequence pColl was created directly by a call to
    ** sqlite3_create_collation, and not generated by synthCollSeq(),
    ** then any copies made by synthCollSeq() need to be invalidated.
    ** Also, collation destructor - CollSeq.xDel() - function may need
    ** to be called.
    */ 
................................................................................
** A new lower limit does not shrink existing constructs.
** It merely prevents new constructs that exceed the limit
** from forming.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_limit(sqlite3 *db, int limitId, int newLimit){
  int oldLimit;








  /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-30189-54097 For each limit category SQLITE_LIMIT_NAME
  ** there is a hard upper bound set at compile-time by a C preprocessor
  ** macro called SQLITE_MAX_NAME. (The "_LIMIT_" in the name is changed to
  ** "_MAX_".)
  */
  assert( aHardLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH]==SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH );
................................................................................
  const char *zVfs = zDefaultVfs;
  char *zFile;
  char c;
  int nUri = sqlite3Strlen30(zUri);

  assert( *pzErrMsg==0 );


  if( ((flags & SQLITE_OPEN_URI) || sqlite3GlobalConfig.bOpenUri) 
   && nUri>=5 && memcmp(zUri, "file:", 5)==0 /* IMP: R-57884-37496 */
  ){
    char *zOpt;
    int eState;                   /* Parser state when parsing URI */
    int iIn;                      /* Input character index */
    int iOut = 0;                 /* Output character index */
    int nByte = nUri+2;           /* Bytes of space to allocate */
................................................................................
){
  sqlite3 *db;                    /* Store allocated handle here */
  int rc;                         /* Return code */
  int isThreadsafe;               /* True for threadsafe connections */
  char *zOpen = 0;                /* Filename argument to pass to BtreeOpen() */
  char *zErrMsg = 0;              /* Error message from sqlite3ParseUri() */




  *ppDb = 0;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINIT
  rc = sqlite3_initialize();
  if( rc ) return rc;
#endif

  /* Only allow sensible combinations of bits in the flags argument.  
................................................................................
#endif
#if SQLITE_DEFAULT_RECURSIVE_TRIGGERS
                 | SQLITE_RecTriggers
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_DEFAULT_FOREIGN_KEYS) && SQLITE_DEFAULT_FOREIGN_KEYS
                 | SQLITE_ForeignKeys
#endif



      ;
  sqlite3HashInit(&db->aCollSeq);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  sqlite3HashInit(&db->aModule);
#endif

  /* Add the default collation sequence BINARY. BINARY works for both UTF-8
  ** and UTF-16, so add a version for each to avoid any unnecessary
  ** conversions. The only error that can occur here is a malloc() failure.



  */
  createCollation(db, "BINARY", SQLITE_UTF8, 0, binCollFunc, 0);
  createCollation(db, "BINARY", SQLITE_UTF16BE, 0, binCollFunc, 0);
  createCollation(db, "BINARY", SQLITE_UTF16LE, 0, binCollFunc, 0);

  createCollation(db, "RTRIM", SQLITE_UTF8, (void*)1, binCollFunc, 0);
  if( db->mallocFailed ){
    goto opendb_out;
  }



  db->pDfltColl = sqlite3FindCollSeq(db, SQLITE_UTF8, "BINARY", 0);
  assert( db->pDfltColl!=0 );

  /* Also add a UTF-8 case-insensitive collation sequence. */
  createCollation(db, "NOCASE", SQLITE_UTF8, 0, nocaseCollatingFunc, 0);

  /* Parse the filename/URI argument. */
  db->openFlags = flags;
  rc = sqlite3ParseUri(zVfs, zFilename, &flags, &db->pVfs, &zOpen, &zErrMsg);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    if( rc==SQLITE_NOMEM ) db->mallocFailed = 1;
    sqlite3ErrorWithMsg(db, rc, zErrMsg ? "%s" : 0, zErrMsg);
    sqlite3_free(zErrMsg);
................................................................................
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
    sqlite3Error(db, rc);
    goto opendb_out;
  }
  sqlite3BtreeEnter(db->aDb[0].pBt);
  db->aDb[0].pSchema = sqlite3SchemaGet(db, db->aDb[0].pBt);

  sqlite3BtreeLeave(db->aDb[0].pBt);
  db->aDb[1].pSchema = sqlite3SchemaGet(db, 0);

  /* The default safety_level for the main database is 'full'; for the temp
  ** database it is 'NONE'. This matches the pager layer defaults.  
  */
  db->aDb[0].zName = "main";
................................................................................
  const void *zFilename, 
  sqlite3 **ppDb
){
  char const *zFilename8;   /* zFilename encoded in UTF-8 instead of UTF-16 */
  sqlite3_value *pVal;
  int rc;

  assert( zFilename );
  assert( ppDb );

  *ppDb = 0;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINIT
  rc = sqlite3_initialize();
  if( rc ) return rc;
#endif

  pVal = sqlite3ValueNew(0);
  sqlite3ValueSetStr(pVal, -1, zFilename, SQLITE_UTF16NATIVE, SQLITE_STATIC);
  zFilename8 = sqlite3ValueText(pVal, SQLITE_UTF8);
  if( zFilename8 ){
    rc = openDatabase(zFilename8, ppDb,
                      SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE | SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE, 0);
    assert( *ppDb || rc==SQLITE_NOMEM );
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && !DbHasProperty(*ppDb, 0, DB_SchemaLoaded) ){
      ENC(*ppDb) = SQLITE_UTF16NATIVE;
    }
  }else{
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  sqlite3ValueFree(pVal);

  return sqlite3ApiExit(0, rc);
................................................................................
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_create_collation(
  sqlite3* db, 
  const char *zName, 
  int enc, 
  void* pCtx,
  int(*xCompare)(void*,int,const void*,int,const void*)
){
  int rc;
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  assert( !db->mallocFailed );
  rc = createCollation(db, zName, (u8)enc, pCtx, xCompare, 0);
  rc = sqlite3ApiExit(db, rc);
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Register a new collation sequence with the database handle db.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_create_collation_v2(
  sqlite3* db, 
................................................................................
  const char *zName, 
  int enc, 
  void* pCtx,
  int(*xCompare)(void*,int,const void*,int,const void*),
  void(*xDel)(void*)
){
  int rc;




  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  assert( !db->mallocFailed );
  rc = createCollation(db, zName, (u8)enc, pCtx, xCompare, xDel);
  rc = sqlite3ApiExit(db, rc);
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return rc;
}
................................................................................
  const void *zName,
  int enc, 
  void* pCtx,
  int(*xCompare)(void*,int,const void*,int,const void*)
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  char *zName8;




  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  assert( !db->mallocFailed );
  zName8 = sqlite3Utf16to8(db, zName, -1, SQLITE_UTF16NATIVE);
  if( zName8 ){
    rc = createCollation(db, zName8, (u8)enc, pCtx, xCompare, 0);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, zName8);
  }
................................................................................
** db. Replace any previously installed collation sequence factory.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_collation_needed(
  sqlite3 *db, 
  void *pCollNeededArg, 
  void(*xCollNeeded)(void*,sqlite3*,int eTextRep,const char*)
){



  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  db->xCollNeeded = xCollNeeded;
  db->xCollNeeded16 = 0;
  db->pCollNeededArg = pCollNeededArg;
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
................................................................................
** db. Replace any previously installed collation sequence factory.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_collation_needed16(
  sqlite3 *db, 
  void *pCollNeededArg, 
  void(*xCollNeeded16)(void*,sqlite3*,int eTextRep,const void*)
){



  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  db->xCollNeeded = 0;
  db->xCollNeeded16 = xCollNeeded16;
  db->pCollNeededArg = pCollNeededArg;
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
................................................................................
/*
** Test to see whether or not the database connection is in autocommit
** mode.  Return TRUE if it is and FALSE if not.  Autocommit mode is on
** by default.  Autocommit is disabled by a BEGIN statement and reenabled
** by the next COMMIT or ROLLBACK.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_get_autocommit(sqlite3 *db){






  return db->autoCommit;
}

/*
** The following routines are substitutes for constants SQLITE_CORRUPT,
** SQLITE_MISUSE, SQLITE_CANTOPEN, SQLITE_IOERR and possibly other error
** constants.  They serve two purposes:
................................................................................
}
#endif

/*
** Return meta information about a specific column of a database table.
** See comment in sqlite3.h (sqlite.h.in) for details.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_table_column_metadata(
  sqlite3 *db,                /* Connection handle */
  const char *zDbName,        /* Database name or NULL */
  const char *zTableName,     /* Table name */
  const char *zColumnName,    /* Column name */
  char const **pzDataType,    /* OUTPUT: Declared data type */
  char const **pzCollSeq,     /* OUTPUT: Collation sequence name */
................................................................................
  int *pPrimaryKey,           /* OUTPUT: True if column part of PK */
  int *pAutoinc               /* OUTPUT: True if column is auto-increment */
){
  int rc;
  char *zErrMsg = 0;
  Table *pTab = 0;
  Column *pCol = 0;
  int iCol;

  char const *zDataType = 0;
  char const *zCollSeq = 0;
  int notnull = 0;
  int primarykey = 0;
  int autoinc = 0;

................................................................................
  pTab = sqlite3FindTable(db, zTableName, zDbName);
  if( !pTab || pTab->pSelect ){
    pTab = 0;
    goto error_out;
  }

  /* Find the column for which info is requested */
  if( sqlite3IsRowid(zColumnName) ){
    iCol = pTab->iPKey;
    if( iCol>=0 ){
      pCol = &pTab->aCol[iCol];
    }
  }else{
    for(iCol=0; iCol<pTab->nCol; iCol++){
      pCol = &pTab->aCol[iCol];
      if( 0==sqlite3StrICmp(pCol->zName, zColumnName) ){
        break;
      }
    }
    if( iCol==pTab->nCol ){




      pTab = 0;
      goto error_out;

    }
  }

  /* The following block stores the meta information that will be returned
  ** to the caller in local variables zDataType, zCollSeq, notnull, primarykey
  ** and autoinc. At this point there are two possibilities:
  ** 
................................................................................
  }
  sqlite3ErrorWithMsg(db, rc, (zErrMsg?"%s":0), zErrMsg);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, zErrMsg);
  rc = sqlite3ApiExit(db, rc);
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return rc;
}
#endif

/*
** Sleep for a little while.  Return the amount of time slept.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_sleep(int ms){
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs;
  int rc;
................................................................................
  return rc;
}

/*
** Enable or disable the extended result codes.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_extended_result_codes(sqlite3 *db, int onoff){



  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  db->errMask = onoff ? 0xffffffff : 0xff;
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Invoke the xFileControl method on a particular database.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_file_control(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDbName, int op, void *pArg){
  int rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
  Btree *pBtree;




  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  pBtree = sqlite3DbNameToBtree(db, zDbName);
  if( pBtree ){
    Pager *pPager;
    sqlite3_file *fd;
    sqlite3BtreeEnter(pBtree);
    pPager = sqlite3BtreePager(pBtree);
................................................................................
** The zFilename argument is the filename pointer passed into the xOpen()
** method of a VFS implementation.  The zParam argument is the name of the
** query parameter we seek.  This routine returns the value of the zParam
** parameter if it exists.  If the parameter does not exist, this routine
** returns a NULL pointer.
*/
SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_uri_parameter(const char *zFilename, const char *zParam){
  if( zFilename==0 ) return 0;
  zFilename += sqlite3Strlen30(zFilename) + 1;
  while( zFilename[0] ){
    int x = strcmp(zFilename, zParam);
    zFilename += sqlite3Strlen30(zFilename) + 1;
    if( x==0 ) return zFilename;
    zFilename += sqlite3Strlen30(zFilename) + 1;
  }
................................................................................
}

/*
** Return the filename of the database associated with a database
** connection.
*/
SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_db_filename(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDbName){







  Btree *pBt = sqlite3DbNameToBtree(db, zDbName);
  return pBt ? sqlite3BtreeGetFilename(pBt) : 0;
}

/*
** Return 1 if database is read-only or 0 if read/write.  Return -1 if
** no such database exists.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_db_readonly(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDbName){







  Btree *pBt = sqlite3DbNameToBtree(db, zDbName);
  return pBt ? sqlite3BtreeIsReadonly(pBt) : -1;
}

/************** End of main.c ************************************************/
/************** Begin file notify.c ******************************************/
/*
** 2009 March 3
................................................................................
  const char *zTerm,              /* Term to select leaves for */
  int nTerm,                      /* Size of term zTerm in bytes */
  const char *zNode,              /* Buffer containing segment interior node */
  int nNode,                      /* Size of buffer at zNode */
  sqlite3_int64 *piLeaf,          /* Selected leaf node */
  sqlite3_int64 *piLeaf2          /* Selected leaf node */
){
  int rc;                         /* Return code */
  int iHeight;                    /* Height of this node in tree */

  assert( piLeaf || piLeaf2 );

  fts3GetVarint32(zNode, &iHeight);
  rc = fts3ScanInteriorNode(zTerm, nTerm, zNode, nNode, piLeaf, piLeaf2);
  assert( !piLeaf2 || !piLeaf || rc!=SQLITE_OK || (*piLeaf<=*piLeaf2) );

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && iHeight>1 ){
    char *zBlob = 0;              /* Blob read from %_segments table */
    int nBlob;                    /* Size of zBlob in bytes */

    if( piLeaf && piLeaf2 && (*piLeaf!=*piLeaf2) ){
      rc = sqlite3Fts3ReadBlock(p, *piLeaf, &zBlob, &nBlob, 0);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        rc = fts3SelectLeaf(p, zTerm, nTerm, zBlob, nBlob, piLeaf, 0);
      }
      sqlite3_free(zBlob);
................................................................................
static int fts3FilterMethod(
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pCursor,   /* The cursor used for this query */
  int idxNum,                     /* Strategy index */
  const char *idxStr,             /* Unused */
  int nVal,                       /* Number of elements in apVal */
  sqlite3_value **apVal           /* Arguments for the indexing scheme */
){
  int rc;
  char *zSql;                     /* SQL statement used to access %_content */
  int eSearch;
  Fts3Table *p = (Fts3Table *)pCursor->pVtab;
  Fts3Cursor *pCsr = (Fts3Cursor *)pCursor;

  sqlite3_value *pCons = 0;       /* The MATCH or rowid constraint, if any */
  sqlite3_value *pLangid = 0;     /* The "langid = ?" constraint, if any */
................................................................................
** of m for the first i bytes of a word.
**
** Return true if the m-value for z is 1 or more.  In other words,
** return true if z contains at least one vowel that is followed
** by a consonant.
**
** In this routine z[] is in reverse order.  So we are really looking
** for an instance of of a consonant followed by a vowel.
*/
static int m_gt_0(const char *z){
  while( isVowel(z) ){ z++; }
  if( *z==0 ) return 0;
  while( isConsonant(z) ){ z++; }
  return *z!=0;
}
................................................................................
  sqlite3 *db,                    /* Database connection */
  void *pHash,                    /* Hash table of tokenizers */
  int argc,                       /* Number of elements in argv array */
  const char * const *argv,       /* xCreate/xConnect argument array */
  sqlite3_vtab **ppVtab,          /* OUT: New sqlite3_vtab object */
  char **pzErr                    /* OUT: sqlite3_malloc'd error message */
){
  Fts3tokTable *pTab;
  const sqlite3_tokenizer_module *pMod = 0;
  sqlite3_tokenizer *pTok = 0;
  int rc;
  char **azDequote = 0;
  int nDequote;

  rc = sqlite3_declare_vtab(db, FTS3_TOK_SCHEMA);
................................................................................
      }
      bOk = 1;
    }
    rc = sqlite3_reset(pRange);

    if( bOk ){
      int iIdx = 0;
      sqlite3_stmt *pUpdate1;
      sqlite3_stmt *pUpdate2;

      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        rc = fts3SqlStmt(p, SQL_UPDATE_LEVEL_IDX, &pUpdate1, 0);
      }
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        rc = fts3SqlStmt(p, SQL_UPDATE_LEVEL, &pUpdate2, 0);
      }
................................................................................
** Functions to deserialize a 16 bit integer, 32 bit real number and
** 64 bit integer. The deserialized value is returned.
*/
static int readInt16(u8 *p){
  return (p[0]<<8) + p[1];
}
static void readCoord(u8 *p, RtreeCoord *pCoord){
  u32 i = (
    (((u32)p[0]) << 24) + 
    (((u32)p[1]) << 16) + 
    (((u32)p[2]) <<  8) + 
    (((u32)p[3]) <<  0)
  );
  *(u32 *)pCoord = i;
}
static i64 readInt64(u8 *p){
  return (
    (((i64)p[0]) << 56) + 
    (((i64)p[1]) << 48) + 
    (((i64)p[2]) << 40) + 
    (((i64)p[3]) << 32) + 
................................................................................
  p[1] = (i>> 0)&0xFF;
  return 2;
}
static int writeCoord(u8 *p, RtreeCoord *pCoord){
  u32 i;
  assert( sizeof(RtreeCoord)==4 );
  assert( sizeof(u32)==4 );
  i = *(u32 *)pCoord;
  p[0] = (i>>24)&0xFF;
  p[1] = (i>>16)&0xFF;
  p[2] = (i>> 8)&0xFF;
  p[3] = (i>> 0)&0xFF;
  return 4;
}
static int writeInt64(u8 *p, i64 i){
................................................................................
static void nodeGetCell(
  Rtree *pRtree,               /* The overall R-Tree */
  RtreeNode *pNode,            /* The node containing the cell to be read */
  int iCell,                   /* Index of the cell within the node */
  RtreeCell *pCell             /* OUT: Write the cell contents here */
){
  u8 *pData;
  u8 *pEnd;
  RtreeCoord *pCoord;

  pCell->iRowid = nodeGetRowid(pRtree, pNode, iCell);
  pData = pNode->zData + (12 + pRtree->nBytesPerCell*iCell);
  pEnd = pData + pRtree->nDim*8;
  pCoord = pCell->aCoord;

  for(; pData<pEnd; pData+=4, pCoord++){
    readCoord(pData, pCoord);
  }
}


/* Forward declaration for the function that does the work of
** the virtual table module xCreate() and xConnect() methods.
*/
................................................................................
    pCur->aPoint = pNew;
    pCur->nPointAlloc = nNew;
  }
  i = pCur->nPoint++;
  pNew = pCur->aPoint + i;
  pNew->rScore = rScore;
  pNew->iLevel = iLevel;
  assert( iLevel>=0 && iLevel<=RTREE_MAX_DEPTH );
  while( i>0 ){
    RtreeSearchPoint *pParent;
    j = (i-1)/2;
    pParent = pCur->aPoint + j;
    if( rtreeSearchPointCompare(pNew, pParent)>=0 ) break;
    rtreeSearchPointSwap(pCur, j, i);
    i = j;
................................................................................
  Rtree *pRtree = (Rtree *)pVtab;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  RtreeCell cell;                 /* New cell to insert if nData>1 */
  int bHaveRowid = 0;             /* Set to 1 after new rowid is determined */

  rtreeReference(pRtree);
  assert(nData>=1);



  /* Constraint handling. A write operation on an r-tree table may return
  ** SQLITE_CONSTRAINT for two reasons:
  **
  **   1. A duplicate rowid value, or
  **   2. The supplied data violates the "x2>=x1" constraint.
  **


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1
2
3
4
5
6
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8
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10
..
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
...
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
...
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
...
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
....
1388
1389
1390
1391
1392
1393
1394
1395
1396
1397
1398
1399
1400
1401
1402
....
1671
1672
1673
1674
1675
1676
1677
1678
1679
1680
1681
1682
1683
1684
1685
1686
1687
1688
1689
1690
1691
1692
1693
1694
1695
1696
1697
1698
1699
1700
1701
1702
1703
1704
1705
1706
1707
1708
1709
1710
1711
1712
1713
1714
1715
1716
1717

1718
1719
1720

1721
1722
1723
1724
1725
1726
1727
1728
1729
1730
1731
1732
1733
1734
1735
1736
1737
1738
1739
1740
1741
1742
1743
1744

1745
1746
1747
1748

1749
1750
1751
1752
1753
1754
1755
1756



1757
1758
1759
1760
1761
1762
1763
1764
1765
1766
1767
1768
1769
1770
1771
1772

1773
1774
1775
1776
1777
1778
1779
1780
1781
1782
1783
1784
1785
1786
1787
1788
1789
1790
1791
1792
1793
1794
1795
1796
1797
1798
1799
1800
1801
1802
1803
1804
1805
1806
1807
1808
1809
1810
1811
1812
1813
1814
1815
1816
1817
1818
1819
1820
1821
1822
1823
1824
1825
1826
1827
1828
1829
1830
....
1839
1840
1841
1842
1843
1844
1845
1846
1847
1848
1849
1850
1851
1852
1853
1854
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1856
1857
1858
1859
1860
1861
1862
1863
1864
1865
1866
1867
1868
1869
1870
....
1896
1897
1898
1899
1900
1901
1902
1903
1904
1905
1906
1907
1908
1909
1910
1911
1912
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917
1918
1919
1920
1921
1922
1923
1924
1925
1926
1927
1928
1929
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
....
1953
1954
1955
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
....
2082
2083
2084
2085
2086
2087
2088
2089
2090
2091
2092
2093
2094
2095
2096
2097
2098
2099
2100
2101
2102
2103
2104




2105
2106
2107
2108
2109



2110
2111
2112
2113
2114
2115
2116
2117
2118
2119
2120
2121
2122
2123
2124
2125
2126
2127


2128
2129
2130
2131
2132
2133
2134
2135
2136
2137
2138
2139
2140
2141
2142
2143
2144
2145
2146
2147
2148
2149


2150



2151
2152
2153
2154
2155
2156
2157
2158
....
2231
2232
2233
2234
2235
2236
2237
2238
2239
2240
2241
2242
2243
2244
2245
....
2248
2249
2250
2251
2252
2253
2254
2255
2256
2257
2258
2259
2260
2261
2262
....
2623
2624
2625
2626
2627
2628
2629
2630
2631
2632
2633
2634
2635
2636
2637
2638
2639
2640
2641
2642
2643
2644
....
4352
4353
4354
4355
4356
4357
4358
4359
4360
4361
4362
4363
4364
4365
4366
4367
4368
....
4703
4704
4705
4706
4707
4708
4709
4710
4711
4712
4713
4714
4715
4716
4717
4718
....
5336
5337
5338
5339
5340
5341
5342
5343
5344
5345
5346
5347
5348
5349
5350
5351
5352
5353
5354
5355
5356
5357
5358
5359
5360
5361
5362
5363

5364
5365
5366
5367
5368
5369
5370
....
5375
5376
5377
5378
5379
5380
5381
5382
5383
5384
5385
5386
5387
5388
5389
5390
5391
5392
5393
5394
5395
5396
5397
5398
5399
5400
5401
5402
5403
5404




5405
5406
5407
5408
5409
5410
5411
....
5849
5850
5851
5852
5853
5854
5855
5856






5857
5858
5859
5860
5861
5862
5863
5864
5865
5866
5867
5868
5869
5870
5871
5872
5873
5874
5875
5876
5877
5878
5879
5880
5881
5882
5883
5884
5885
5886
5887
5888
5889
5890
5891



5892
5893
5894
5895
5896
5897
5898
5899
....
5903
5904
5905
5906
5907
5908
5909



5910
5911


5912
5913
5914
5915
5916
5917
5918
5919
....
5947
5948
5949
5950
5951
5952
5953
5954
5955
5956
5957
5958
5959
5960
5961
5962
5963
5964
5965
5966
5967
5968
5969


5970
5971
5972
5973
5974
5975
5976
....
6012
6013
6014
6015
6016
6017
6018
6019
6020
6021
6022
6023
6024
6025
6026
6027
6028
6029
6030
6031
6032
6033
6034
6035
6036

6037
6038
6039
6040
6041
6042
6043
6044
6045
6046
6047



6048
6049
6050
6051
6052
6053
6054
....
6093
6094
6095
6096
6097
6098
6099
6100
6101
6102
6103
6104
6105
6106
6107
6108
6109
6110
6111
6112
6113
6114
6115
6116
6117
6118
6119
6120
6121
6122
6123
6124
6125
6126
6127
6128
6129
6130
6131
6132
6133
6134
6135
6136
6137
6138
6139
6140
6141
6142
6143
6144
6145
6146
6147
6148
6149
6150
6151
6152
6153
6154
6155
6156
6157
6158
6159
6160
6161
6162
6163
6164
6165
6166
6167
6168
6169


6170
6171

6172
6173
6174
6175
6176
6177
6178
6179
6180
6181
6182


6183
6184
6185
6186
6187
6188
6189
6190
6191
6192
6193

6194
6195
6196
6197
6198
6199
6200
....
6207
6208
6209
6210
6211
6212
6213
6214
6215
6216
6217
6218
6219
6220
6221
6222
6223
....
6250
6251
6252
6253
6254
6255
6256
6257
6258
6259
6260
6261
6262
6263
6264
6265
6266
6267
6268
6269
6270
....
6282
6283
6284
6285
6286
6287
6288
6289
6290
6291
6292
6293
6294
6295
6296
6297
6298
6299
6300
6301
6302
6303
6304
6305
6306
6307
6308
6309
6310
6311
6312
6313
6314
6315
6316
6317
6318
....
7036
7037
7038
7039
7040
7041
7042
7043
7044
7045
7046
7047
7048
7049
7050
7051
7052
7053
....
7364
7365
7366
7367
7368
7369
7370
7371


7372
7373
7374
7375
7376
7377
7378
7379
7380
7381
....
7432
7433
7434
7435
7436
7437
7438
7439
7440
7441
7442
7443
7444
7445
7446
7447
7448
7449
7450
7451
7452
7453

7454
7455
7456
7457
7458
7459
7460
7461
7462
7463
7464
7465
7466
7467
7468
7469

7470
7471
7472
7473
7474
7475
7476
7477
7478

7479
7480
7481
7482
7483
7484
7485
7486

7487
7488
7489
7490
7491
7492
7493
7494
7495
7496
7497

7498
7499
7500




7501
7502
7503
7504
7505
7506
7507
7508
7509
7510
7511

7512
7513
7514
7515
7516
7517
7518
7519
7520
7521
7522
7523
7524
7525
7526
7527
7528
7529
7530
7531
7532
7533
7534
7535
7536
7537
7538
7539
7540
7541
7542
7543
7544
7545
7546
7547
7548
7549
7550
7551
7552
7553
7554
7555
7556
7557
7558
7559

7560
7561
7562


7563
7564
7565
7566
7567
7568
7569
7570
7571
7572
7573
7574
7575
....
7650
7651
7652
7653
7654
7655
7656
7657
7658
7659
7660
7661
7662
7663
7664
7665
7666
7667
7668
7669
7670
7671
7672
7673
7674
7675
7676
7677
7678
7679
7680
7681
7682
7683
7684
7685
7686
7687
7688
7689
7690
7691
7692
7693
7694
7695
7696
7697
7698
7699
7700
7701
7702
7703
7704
7705
7706
7707
7708
7709
7710
7711
7712
7713
7714
7715
7716
7717
7718
7719
7720
7721
7722
7723
7724
7725
7726
7727
7728
7729
7730
7731
7732
7733
7734
7735
7736
7737
7738
7739
7740
7741
7742
7743
7744
7745
7746
7747
7748
7749
7750
7751
7752
7753
7754
7755
7756
7757
7758
7759
7760
7761
7762
7763
....
8195
8196
8197
8198
8199
8200
8201
8202
8203
8204

8205
8206
8207
8208
8209
8210
8211
....
8827
8828
8829
8830
8831
8832
8833
8834
8835
8836
8837
8838
8839
8840
8841
....
9163
9164
9165
9166
9167
9168
9169
9170
9171
9172
9173
9174
9175
9176
9177
....
9278
9279
9280
9281
9282
9283
9284
9285
9286
9287
9288
9289
9290
9291
9292
9293
9294
9295
9296
9297
9298
9299
9300
9301
9302
9303
9304
9305
9306
9307
....
9346
9347
9348
9349
9350
9351
9352
9353
9354
9355
9356
9357
9358
9359
9360
....
9889
9890
9891
9892
9893
9894
9895
9896
9897
9898
9899
9900
9901
9902
9903
9904
9905
9906
9907
9908
.....
10075
10076
10077
10078
10079
10080
10081
10082
10083
10084
10085
10086
10087
10088
10089
.....
10091
10092
10093
10094
10095
10096
10097
10098
10099
10100
10101
10102
10103
10104
10105
10106
.....
10281
10282
10283
10284
10285
10286
10287
10288
10289
10290
10291
10292
10293
10294
10295
10296
10297
10298
.....
10817
10818
10819
10820
10821
10822
10823
10824
10825
10826
10827
10828
10829
10830
10831
.....
10919
10920
10921
10922
10923
10924
10925
10926
10927
10928
10929
10930
10931
10932
10933
10934
.....
10973
10974
10975
10976
10977
10978
10979
10980
10981
10982
10983
10984
10985
10986
10987
.....
11544
11545
11546
11547
11548
11549
11550

11551
11552
11553
11554
11555
11556
11557
11558
11559
11560
11561
11562
11563
11564
11565
11566
11567
11568
11569
11570
11571
11572
11573
11574
11575
.....
11759
11760
11761
11762
11763
11764
11765
11766
11767
11768
11769
11770
11771
11772
11773
.....
12107
12108
12109
12110
12111
12112
12113
12114
12115
12116
12117
12118
12119
12120
12121
.....
12597
12598
12599
12600
12601
12602
12603
12604
12605
12606
12607
12608
12609
12610
12611
.....
12653
12654
12655
12656
12657
12658
12659
12660
12661
12662
12663
12664
12665
12666
12667
12668
12669
12670
12671
.....
12735
12736
12737
12738
12739
12740
12741
12742
12743
12744
12745
12746
12747
12748
12749
.....
13058
13059
13060
13061
13062
13063
13064
13065
13066
13067
13068
13069
13070
13071
13072
.....
13520
13521
13522
13523
13524
13525
13526
13527
13528
13529
13530
13531
13532
13533
13534
.....
13716
13717
13718
13719
13720
13721
13722
13723
13724
13725
13726
13727
13728
13729
13730
13731
13732
13733
13734
13735
13736
13737
13738
13739
13740
13741
13742
13743
13744
13745
13746
13747
13748
13749
13750
13751
13752
.....
13770
13771
13772
13773
13774
13775
13776
13777
13778
13779
13780
13781
13782
13783
13784
.....
13826
13827
13828
13829
13830
13831
13832
13833
13834
13835
13836
13837
13838
13839
13840
13841
.....
13877
13878
13879
13880
13881
13882
13883
13884
13885
13886
13887
13888
13889
13890
13891
13892
13893
13894
13895
13896
13897
13898
13899
13900
13901
13902
13903
13904
13905
13906
13907
13908
13909
13910
13911
13912
13913
13914
13915
13916
13917
13918
13919
13920
13921
13922
13923
13924
13925
13926
13927
13928
13929
13930
13931
13932
13933
13934
13935
13936
13937
13938
13939
13940
13941
13942
13943
13944
13945
13946
13947
13948
13949
13950
13951
13952
13953
13954
13955
13956
13957
13958
13959
13960
13961
13962
13963
13964
13965
13966
13967
13968
13969
13970
13971
13972
13973
13974
13975
13976
13977
13978
13979
13980
13981
13982
13983
13984
13985
13986
13987
13988
13989
13990
13991
13992
13993
13994
13995
13996
13997
13998
13999
14000
14001
14002
14003
14004
14005
14006
14007
14008
14009
14010
14011
14012
14013
14014
14015
14016
14017
14018
14019
14020
14021
14022
14023
14024
14025
14026
14027
14028
14029
14030
14031
14032
14033
14034
14035
14036
14037
14038
14039
14040
14041
14042
14043
14044
14045
14046
14047
14048
14049
14050
14051
14052
14053
14054
14055
14056
14057
14058
14059
14060
14061
14062
14063
14064
14065
14066
14067
14068
14069
14070
14071
14072
14073
14074
14075
14076
14077
14078
14079
14080
14081
14082
14083
14084
14085
14086
14087
14088
14089
14090
14091
14092
14093
14094
14095
14096
14097
14098
14099
14100
14101
14102
14103
14104
14105
14106
14107
14108
14109
14110
14111
14112
14113
14114
14115
14116
14117
14118
14119
14120
14121
14122
14123
14124
14125
14126
14127
14128
14129
14130
14131
14132
14133
14134
14135
14136
14137
14138
14139
14140
14141
14142
14143
14144
14145
14146
14147
14148
14149
14150
14151
14152
14153
14154
14155
14156
14157
14158
14159
14160
14161
14162
14163
14164
14165
14166
14167
14168
14169
14170
14171
14172
14173
14174
14175
14176
14177
14178
14179
14180
14181
14182
14183
14184
14185
14186
14187
14188
14189
14190
14191
14192
14193
14194
14195
14196
14197
14198
14199
14200
14201
14202
14203
14204
14205
14206
14207
14208
14209
14210
14211
14212
14213
14214
14215
14216
14217
14218
14219
14220
14221
14222
14223
14224
14225
14226
14227
14228
14229
14230
14231
14232
14233
14234
14235
14236
14237
14238
14239
14240
14241
14242
14243
14244
14245
14246
14247
14248
14249
14250
14251
14252
14253
14254
14255
.....
14423
14424
14425
14426
14427
14428
14429
14430
14431
14432
14433
14434
14435
14436
14437
14438
14439
14440
14441
14442
14443
14444
14445
14446
14447
14448
14449
14450
14451
.....
14588
14589
14590
14591
14592
14593
14594
14595
14596
14597
14598
14599
14600
14601
14602
14603
14604
14605
14606
14607
14608
14609
14610
14611
.....
14670
14671
14672
14673
14674
14675
14676
14677
14678
14679
14680
14681
14682
14683
14684
14685
14686
14687
14688
.....
14864
14865
14866
14867
14868
14869
14870
14871
14872
14873
14874
14875
14876
14877
14878
14879
14880
.....
14886
14887
14888
14889
14890
14891
14892
14893
14894
14895
14896
14897
14898
14899
14900
14901
14902
14903
14904
.....
15069
15070
15071
15072
15073
15074
15075
15076
15077
15078
15079
15080
15081
15082
15083
.....
15084
15085
15086
15087
15088
15089
15090
15091
15092
15093
15094
15095
15096
15097
15098
.....
15356
15357
15358
15359
15360
15361
15362
15363
15364
15365
15366
15367
15368
15369
15370
.....
15464
15465
15466
15467
15468
15469
15470
15471
15472
15473
15474
15475
15476
15477
15478
15479
15480
.....
15486
15487
15488
15489
15490
15491
15492
15493

15494
15495
15496
15497
15498
15499
15500
.....
15503
15504
15505
15506
15507
15508
15509
15510
15511
15512
15513
15514
15515
15516
15517
.....
15927
15928
15929
15930
15931
15932
15933
15934
15935
15936
15937
15938
15939
15940
15941
.....
15947
15948
15949
15950
15951
15952
15953
15954
15955
15956
15957
15958
15959
15960
15961
15962
15963
15964
.....
16144
16145
16146
16147
16148
16149
16150
16151
16152
16153
16154
16155
16156
16157
16158
.....
16554
16555
16556
16557
16558
16559
16560
16561
16562
16563
16564
16565
16566
16567
16568
16569
16570
16571
.....
16818
16819
16820
16821
16822
16823
16824
16825
16826
16827
16828
16829
16830
16831
16832
16833
16834
.....
18915
18916
18917
18918
18919
18920
18921
18922
18923
18924
18925
18926
18927
18928
18929
.....
19372
19373
19374
19375
19376
19377
19378
19379
19380
19381
19382
19383
19384
19385
19386
19387
19388
19389
19390
19391
.....
20058
20059
20060
20061
20062
20063
20064
20065
20066
20067
20068
20069
20070
20071
20072
20073
20074
20075
20076
20077
.....
20605
20606
20607
20608
20609
20610
20611
20612
20613
20614
20615
20616
20617
20618
20619
20620
20621
20622
20623
20624
.....
21059
21060
21061
21062
21063
21064
21065











21066
21067
21068
21069
21070
21071
21072
.....
21258
21259
21260
21261
21262
21263
21264
21265
21266
21267
21268
21269
21270
21271
21272
21273
21274
21275
21276
21277
21278
.....
21805
21806
21807
21808
21809
21810
21811
21812
21813
21814
21815
21816
21817
21818
21819
21820
21821
21822
21823
.....
21826
21827
21828
21829
21830
21831
21832
21833
21834
21835
21836
21837
21838
21839
21840
.....
21996
21997
21998
21999
22000
22001
22002
22003
22004
22005
22006
22007
22008
22009
22010
22011
22012
22013
22014
22015
22016
.....
22045
22046
22047
22048
22049
22050
22051
22052
22053
22054
22055
22056
22057
22058
22059
22060
22061
22062
22063
22064
22065
.....
22243
22244
22245
22246
22247
22248
22249
22250
22251
22252
22253
22254
22255
22256
22257
22258

22259
22260
22261
22262
22263
22264
22265
22266
22267
22268
22269
.....
22357
22358
22359
22360
22361
22362
22363
22364
22365
22366
22367
22368
22369
22370
22371
22372
.....
23145
23146
23147
23148
23149
23150
23151
23152
23153
23154
23155
23156
23157
23158
23159
.....
23186
23187
23188
23189
23190
23191
23192
23193
23194
23195
23196
23197
23198
23199
23200
.....
23216
23217
23218
23219
23220
23221
23222
23223
23224
23225
23226
23227
23228
23229
23230
23231
23232
.....
23379
23380
23381
23382
23383
23384
23385
23386
23387
23388
23389
23390
23391
23392
23393
23394
23395
23396
23397
23398
23399
23400
23401
23402
23403
23404
23405
23406
23407
23408
23409
.....
28539
28540
28541
28542
28543
28544
28545
28546
28547
28548
28549
28550
28551
28552
28553
28554
28555
.....
28862
28863
28864
28865
28866
28867
28868
28869
28870
28871
28872
28873
28874
28875
28876
28877
28878
28879




28880
28881
28882
28883
28884
28885
28886

28887
28888
28889
28890
28891
28892
28893
28894
28895
28896
28897
.....
32932
32933
32934
32935
32936
32937
32938
32939
32940
32941
32942
32943
32944
32945
32946
32947
32948
32949
32950
.....
33066
33067
33068
33069
33070
33071
33072
33073
33074
33075
33076
33077
33078
33079
33080
33081
33082
33083
33084
.....
33098
33099
33100
33101
33102
33103
33104
33105
33106
33107
33108
33109
33110
33111
33112
.....
33391
33392
33393
33394
33395
33396
33397
33398
33399
33400
33401
33402
33403
33404
33405
33406
33407
33408
33409
33410
33411
33412
33413
33414
33415
.....
33741
33742
33743
33744
33745
33746
33747
33748
33749
33750
33751
33752
33753
33754
33755
33756
.....
33812
33813
33814
33815
33816
33817
33818
33819
33820
33821
33822
33823
33824
33825
33826
.....
33875
33876
33877
33878
33879
33880
33881
33882
33883
33884
33885
33886
33887
33888
33889
.....
33939
33940
33941
33942
33943
33944
33945
33946
33947
33948
33949
33950
33951
33952
33953
.....
34101
34102
34103
34104
34105
34106
34107
34108
34109
34110
34111
34112
34113
34114
34115
34116
.....
35377
35378
35379
35380
35381
35382
35383
35384
35385
35386
35387
35388
35389
35390
35391
.....
35409
35410
35411
35412
35413
35414
35415
35416
35417
35418
35419
35420
35421
35422
35423
.....
35481
35482
35483
35484
35485
35486
35487
35488
35489
35490
35491
35492
35493
35494
35495
35496
35497
35498
35499
35500
35501
35502
35503
35504
35505
35506
35507
35508
35509
35510
35511
35512
35513
35514
35515
35516
35517
35518
35519
35520
35521
35522
35523
35524
35525
35526
35527
35528
35529
.....
38896
38897
38898
38899
38900
38901
38902












38903
38904
38905
38906
38907
38908
38909
.....
39049
39050
39051
39052
39053
39054
39055
39056
39057
39058
39059
39060
39061
39062
39063
39064
.....
39504
39505
39506
39507
39508
39509
39510
39511
39512
39513
39514
39515
39516
39517
39518
39519
39520
39521
39522
39523
39524
.....
39825
39826
39827
39828
39829
39830
39831
39832
39833
39834
39835
39836
39837
39838
39839
.....
40510
40511
40512
40513
40514
40515
40516
40517
40518
40519
40520
40521
40522
40523
40524
40525
40526
40527
40528
.....
41871
41872
41873
41874
41875
41876
41877
41878
41879
41880
41881
41882
41883
41884
41885
41886
.....
41890
41891
41892
41893
41894
41895
41896
41897
41898
41899

41900
41901
41902
41903
41904
41905
41906
.....
42908
42909
42910
42911
42912
42913
42914
42915
42916
42917
42918
42919
42920
42921
42922
42923
42924
42925
42926
42927
42928
42929
42930
42931
42932
42933
.....
44135
44136
44137
44138
44139
44140
44141
44142
44143
44144
44145
44146
44147
44148
44149
.....
45123
45124
45125
45126
45127
45128
45129
45130
45131
45132
45133
45134
45135
45136
45137
.....
46354
46355
46356
46357
46358
46359
46360
46361
46362
46363
46364
46365
46366




46367
46368
46369
46370
46371
46372
46373
.....
46524
46525
46526
46527
46528
46529
46530
46531
46532
46533
46534
46535
46536
46537
46538
.....
46674
46675
46676
46677
46678
46679
46680
46681
46682
46683
46684
46685
46686
46687
46688
.....
47541
47542
47543
47544
47545
47546
47547
47548
47549
47550
47551
47552
47553
47554
47555
.....
48081
48082
48083
48084
48085
48086
48087
48088
48089
48090
48091
48092
48093
48094
48095
48096
48097
48098
48099
48100
48101
48102
48103
48104
48105
48106
.....
48310
48311
48312
48313
48314
48315
48316
48317
48318
48319
48320
48321
48322
48323
48324
48325
.....
48492
48493
48494
48495
48496
48497
48498
48499
48500
48501
48502
48503
48504
48505
48506
.....
50003
50004
50005
50006
50007
50008
50009
50010
50011
50012
50013
50014
50015
50016
50017
.....
50038
50039
50040
50041
50042
50043
50044
50045
50046
50047
50048
50049
50050
50051
50052
50053
50054
50055
50056
50057
50058
50059
50060
50061
50062
.....
50085
50086
50087
50088
50089
50090
50091
50092
50093
50094
50095
50096
50097
50098
50099
.....
50121
50122
50123
50124
50125
50126
50127
50128
50129
50130
50131
50132
50133
50134
50135
50136
50137
50138
50139
50140
50141
50142
50143
50144
50145
50146
50147
50148
50149
50150
50151
50152
50153
50154
50155
50156
50157
50158
50159
50160
50161
50162
50163
50164
50165
50166
.....
50188
50189
50190
50191
50192
50193
50194
50195
50196
50197
50198
50199
50200
50201
50202
50203
50204
50205
50206
50207
50208

50209
50210
50211
50212
50213
50214
50215
.....
50216
50217
50218
50219
50220
50221
50222
50223
50224
50225
50226
50227
50228
50229
50230
50231
50232
.....
50307
50308
50309
50310
50311
50312
50313
50314
50315
50316
50317
50318
50319
50320
50321
50322
50323
50324
50325
50326
50327
50328
50329
50330
50331
50332
50333
50334
50335
50336
50337
50338
50339
50340
50341
50342
50343
50344
50345
50346
50347
50348
50349
50350
50351
50352
.....
50911
50912
50913
50914
50915
50916
50917
50918
50919
50920
50921
50922
50923
50924
50925
.....
51124
51125
51126
51127
51128
51129
51130

51131
51132
51133
51134
51135
51136
51137
.....
51156
51157
51158
51159
51160
51161
51162
51163













51164
51165
51166
51167
51168
51169
51170
51171
.....
51445
51446
51447
51448
51449
51450
51451
51452
51453
51454
51455
51456
51457
51458
51459
51460
51461
51462
51463
51464
51465
51466
51467
51468
51469
51470
51471
51472
51473
51474
51475
51476
51477
51478
51479



51480
51481
51482
51483
51484
51485
51486
51487
51488
51489
51490
51491
51492
51493
51494
51495
51496
51497
51498
51499
51500
51501
51502
51503
51504
51505
51506
51507
51508
51509
51510
51511
51512
51513
51514
.....
51518
51519
51520
51521
51522
51523
51524
51525
51526
51527
51528
51529
51530
51531
51532
.....
52017
52018
52019
52020
52021
52022
52023
52024
52025
52026
52027
52028
52029
52030
52031
.....
53770
53771
53772
53773
53774
53775
53776
53777
53778
53779
53780
53781
53782
53783
53784
53785
53786
53787
53788
53789
53790
53791
53792
53793
53794
53795
53796
53797
53798
53799
53800
53801
53802
53803
53804
53805
53806
53807
53808
53809
53810


53811
53812
53813
53814
53815
53816
53817
.....
53822
53823
53824
53825
53826
53827
53828
53829
53830
53831
53832
53833
53834
53835
53836
53837
53838
53839
53840
53841
53842

53843
53844
53845
53846
53847
53848
53849
53850
53851
53852
53853
53854
53855
53856
53857
53858
53859
53860
53861
53862
53863
53864
53865
53866
53867
53868
53869
53870
53871
53872
53873
53874
53875
53876
53877
53878
53879
53880
53881
53882
53883
53884
53885
53886
53887
53888
53889
53890
53891
53892
53893
53894
53895
53896
53897
53898
53899
53900
53901
53902
53903
53904
53905
53906
53907
53908
53909
53910
53911
53912
53913
53914
53915
53916
53917
53918
53919
53920
53921
53922
53923
53924
53925
53926
53927
53928
53929
53930
53931
53932
53933
53934
53935
.....
53940
53941
53942
53943
53944
53945
53946
53947
53948


53949
53950
53951
53952
53953
53954
53955
53956

53957
53958
53959
53960
53961
53962
53963
53964
53965
53966
53967

53968
53969
53970
53971
53972
53973
53974
53975
53976
53977
53978
53979









53980











53981
53982
53983
53984

53985
53986
53987
53988
53989
53990
53991
53992
53993
53994
53995
53996
53997
53998
53999
54000
54001
.....
54034
54035
54036
54037
54038
54039
54040
54041
54042
54043
54044
54045
54046
54047
54048
.....
54129
54130
54131
54132
54133
54134
54135
54136
54137
54138
54139
54140
54141
54142
54143
54144
54145
54146
54147
54148
54149
54150
54151
54152
54153
54154
54155
54156
54157
54158
54159
54160
54161
54162
54163
54164
54165
54166
54167
54168
.....
54194
54195
54196
54197
54198
54199
54200
54201
54202
54203
54204
54205
54206
54207
54208
54209
54210
54211
54212
54213
54214
54215
54216
54217
54218
54219
54220
54221
54222
54223
54224
54225
54226
54227
54228
54229
54230
54231
54232
54233
54234
.....
54254
54255
54256
54257
54258
54259
54260
54261
54262
54263
54264
54265
54266
54267
54268
54269
54270
54271
54272
54273
54274
54275
54276
54277
54278
54279
54280
54281
.....
54673
54674
54675
54676
54677
54678
54679
54680
54681
54682
54683
54684
54685
54686
54687
54688
54689
.....
54694
54695
54696
54697
54698
54699
54700
54701
54702
54703
54704
54705
54706
54707
54708
54709
54710
.....
55206
55207
55208
55209
55210
55211
55212
55213
55214
55215
55216
55217
55218
55219
55220
55221
55222
.....
55249
55250
55251
55252
55253
55254
55255
55256
55257
55258
55259
55260
55261
55262
55263
55264
55265
55266
55267
55268
55269
55270
55271
55272
55273
55274
55275
55276
55277
55278
55279
55280
55281
55282
55283
55284
55285
55286
55287
55288
55289
55290
55291
.....
55298
55299
55300
55301
55302
55303
55304
55305
55306
55307
55308
55309
55310
55311
55312
55313
55314
.....
56181
56182
56183
56184
56185
56186
56187
56188
56189
56190
56191
56192
56193
56194
56195
.....
56545
56546
56547
56548
56549
56550
56551
56552
56553
56554
56555
56556
56557
56558
56559
.....
56839
56840
56841
56842
56843
56844
56845
56846
56847
56848
56849
56850
56851
56852
56853
.....
56858
56859
56860
56861
56862
56863
56864
56865
56866
56867
56868
56869
56870
56871
56872
56873
.....
56906
56907
56908
56909
56910
56911
56912
56913
56914
56915
56916
56917
56918
56919
56920
.....
57881
57882
57883
57884
57885
57886
57887
57888
57889
57890
57891
57892
57893
57894
57895
57896
.....
57929
57930
57931
57932
57933
57934
57935
57936
57937
57938
57939
57940
57941
57942
57943
57944
57945
57946
57947
57948
57949
57950
.....
57951
57952
57953
57954
57955
57956
57957
57958
57959
57960
57961
57962
57963
57964
57965
57966
57967
.....
58271
58272
58273
58274
58275
58276
58277
58278
58279
58280
58281
58282
58283
58284
58285
58286
58287
58288
58289
.....
58627
58628
58629
58630
58631
58632
58633
58634
58635
58636
58637
58638
58639
58640
58641
58642
58643
58644
58645
58646
58647
58648
58649
58650
58651
.....
58732
58733
58734
58735
58736
58737
58738
58739
58740
58741
58742
58743
58744
58745
58746
58747
58748
58749
58750
58751


58752
58753
58754

58755
58756






58757
58758
58759
58760
58761
58762
58763
58764
58765
58766
58767
58768
58769
58770
58771
58772
58773
58774
58775
58776
58777
58778
58779
58780
58781
58782
58783
58784




58785



58786
58787
58788
58789
58790




58791
58792
58793
58794
58795
58796
58797
58798
58799
58800
58801
58802
58803
58804
58805
58806
58807
58808
58809
58810
58811
58812
58813
58814
58815
58816
58817
58818
58819
58820
58821
58822
58823
58824
58825
58826
58827
58828
58829
58830
58831
58832
58833
58834
58835
58836
58837
58838
58839
58840
58841
58842
58843
58844
58845
58846
58847
58848
58849
58850
58851
58852
58853
58854
58855
58856
58857
58858
58859
58860
58861
58862
58863
58864
58865
58866
58867
58868
58869
58870
58871
58872
58873
58874
58875
58876
58877
58878
58879
58880
58881
58882
58883
58884
58885
58886
58887
58888
58889
58890
58891
58892
58893
58894
58895
58896
58897
58898
58899
58900
58901
58902
58903
58904
58905
58906
58907
58908
58909
58910
58911
58912
58913
58914
58915
58916
58917
58918
58919
58920
58921
58922

58923
58924
58925
58926



58927
58928
58929
58930
58931
58932
58933
58934
58935
58936
58937
58938
58939
58940
58941
58942
58943
58944
58945
58946
58947
58948
58949
58950
58951
58952
58953
58954
58955
58956
58957
58958
58959
58960
58961
58962
58963
58964
58965
58966
58967
58968
58969
58970
58971
58972
58973
58974
58975
58976
58977
58978
58979
58980
58981
58982
58983
58984
58985
58986
58987
58988
58989
58990
58991
58992
58993
58994
58995
58996
58997
58998
58999
59000
59001
59002
59003
59004
59005
59006
59007
59008
59009
59010
.....
59050
59051
59052
59053
59054
59055
59056
59057
59058
59059
59060
59061
59062
59063
59064
.....
59068
59069
59070
59071
59072
59073
59074
59075
59076
59077
59078
59079
59080
59081
59082
59083
.....
59288
59289
59290
59291
59292
59293
59294

59295
59296
59297
59298
59299
59300
59301
59302
59303
59304
59305
59306
59307
59308
59309
59310
59311
59312
59313
59314
59315
59316
59317
.....
59412
59413
59414
59415
59416
59417
59418

59419
59420
59421

59422
59423
59424
59425
59426
59427
59428
59429
59430
59431
59432
59433
59434
59435
59436
59437
59438
59439
59440
59441
59442
59443
59444
59445
59446
59447
.....
59449
59450
59451
59452
59453
59454
59455





59456



59457
59458
59459
59460
59461
59462
59463
.....
59470
59471
59472
59473
59474
59475
59476
59477
59478
59479
59480
59481
59482
59483
59484
.....
59493
59494
59495
59496
59497
59498
59499
59500
59501
59502
59503
59504
59505
59506
59507
59508
59509
59510
59511
.....
59526
59527
59528
59529
59530
59531
59532
59533
59534
59535
59536
59537
59538
59539
59540
59541
59542
59543
59544
59545
59546
59547
59548
59549
59550
59551
59552
59553
59554
59555
59556
59557
.....
59572
59573
59574
59575
59576
59577
59578
59579
59580
59581
59582
59583


59584

59585

59586


59587
59588
59589
59590
59591
59592
59593
59594
59595
59596
59597
.....
59606
59607
59608
59609
59610
59611
59612
59613
59614
59615
59616
59617
59618
59619
59620
59621
59622
59623
59624
59625
59626
59627










59628

59629
59630
59631
59632

59633
59634
59635

59636
59637
59638
59639
59640
59641
59642
59643
59644
59645
59646
59647
59648
59649
59650
59651
59652
59653



59654
59655
59656
59657
59658
59659
59660
59661
59662
59663
59664
59665
59666
59667
59668
59669


59670
59671

59672
59673
59674
59675
59676
59677
59678
59679
59680
59681
59682
59683
59684
59685
59686
59687
59688
59689
59690
59691
59692
59693
59694
59695
59696
59697
59698
59699
59700
59701


59702
59703
59704
59705
59706
59707
59708
59709
59710
59711
59712



59713
59714




59715
59716
59717
59718
59719
59720
59721
59722
59723
59724
59725
59726
59727
59728
59729
59730
59731





59732
59733
59734
59735
59736
59737
59738
59739
59740
59741
59742
59743
59744
59745
59746
59747
59748
59749
59750
59751
59752
59753
59754
59755
59756
59757
59758
59759
59760
59761
59762
59763
59764
59765
59766
59767
59768
59769
59770
59771
59772
59773
59774
59775
59776
59777
59778
59779
59780
59781
59782
59783
59784
59785
59786
59787
59788
59789
59790
59791
59792
59793
59794
59795
59796
59797
59798
59799
59800
59801
59802
59803
59804


59805
59806
59807
59808
59809
59810
59811
59812
59813
59814
59815
59816
59817
59818
59819
59820
59821
59822
59823
59824
59825
59826
59827
59828
59829
59830
59831
59832
59833
59834
59835
59836
59837
59838

59839
59840
59841
59842
59843
59844
59845
59846
59847
59848
59849
59850
59851
59852
59853
59854
59855
59856
59857
59858
59859
59860
59861
59862
59863
59864
59865
59866
59867
59868




59869
59870
59871
59872
59873
59874
59875
59876
59877
59878
59879
59880
59881
59882
59883
59884
59885
59886
59887
59888
59889
59890
59891
59892
59893
59894
59895











59896


























59897
59898
59899












59900
59901
59902

59903
59904

















59905

59906
59907
59908







59909
59910
59911
59912
59913


59914










59915
59916
59917
59918
59919
59920
59921
59922

59923




59924
59925
59926
59927
59928
59929
59930
59931
.....
60809
60810
60811
60812
60813
60814
60815
60816
60817
60818
60819
60820
60821
60822
60823
60824
60825
60826
60827
60828
60829
60830
60831
60832
60833
60834
60835
60836
60837
60838
60839
60840
60841
60842
60843
60844
.....
60921
60922
60923
60924
60925
60926
60927
60928
60929
60930
60931
60932
60933
60934
60935
.....
61313
61314
61315
61316
61317
61318
61319
61320
61321
61322
61323
61324
61325
61326
61327
61328
61329
61330
61331
61332
61333
61334
.....
61336
61337
61338
61339
61340
61341
61342
61343
61344
61345
61346
61347
61348
61349
61350
61351
61352
61353
61354
61355
61356
61357
61358
61359
61360
61361
61362
61363
61364
61365
61366
61367
61368
61369
61370
61371
61372
61373
61374
61375
61376
61377
61378
61379
61380
61381
61382
61383
61384
.....
61774
61775
61776
61777
61778
61779
61780
61781
61782
61783
61784
61785
61786
61787
61788
61789
61790
61791
61792
.....
61902
61903
61904
61905
61906
61907
61908
61909
61910
61911
61912
61913
61914
61915
61916
61917
61918
61919
61920
61921
61922
61923
61924
61925
61926
61927
61928
61929
.....
61932
61933
61934
61935
61936
61937
61938
61939
61940
61941
61942
61943
61944
61945
61946
61947
61948
61949
61950
61951
61952
.....
61976
61977
61978
61979
61980
61981
61982
61983
61984
61985
61986
61987
61988
61989
61990
61991

61992
61993
61994
61995
61996
61997
61998
.....
62139
62140
62141
62142
62143
62144
62145
62146
62147
62148
62149
62150
62151
62152
62153
62154
62155
.....
62431
62432
62433
62434
62435
62436
62437
62438
62439
62440
62441
62442
62443
62444
62445
62446
62447
62448
62449
62450
62451
62452
62453
62454
62455
62456
62457
62458
62459
62460
62461
62462
62463
62464
.....
64541
64542
64543
64544
64545
64546
64547
64548
64549
64550
64551
64552
64553
64554
64555
64556



64557
64558
64559
64560
64561
64562
64563
64564
64565
64566
64567
64568
64569
64570
64571
64572
64573
64574
64575
64576
64577
64578
64579
64580
64581
64582
64583
.....
64744
64745
64746
64747
64748
64749
64750
64751
64752
64753
64754
64755
64756
64757
64758
64759
64760
64761
64762
64763
64764
64765
64766
64767
64768
64769
64770
64771
64772
64773
64774
64775
64776
64777
64778
64779
64780
64781
64782
64783
64784
64785
.....
65871
65872
65873
65874
65875
65876
65877
65878
65879
65880
65881
65882
65883
65884
65885
65886
65887
.....
65890
65891
65892
65893
65894
65895
65896
65897
65898
65899
65900
65901
65902
65903
65904
.....
65941
65942
65943
65944
65945
65946
65947
65948
65949
65950
65951
65952
65953
65954
65955
65956
65957
65958
65959
65960
65961
65962
65963
65964
65965
65966
65967
65968
.....
66522
66523
66524
66525
66526
66527
66528
66529
66530
66531
66532
66533
66534
66535
66536
.....
66563
66564
66565
66566
66567
66568
66569
66570
66571
66572
66573
66574
66575
66576
66577
66578
66579
66580
66581
66582
66583
66584
66585
66586
66587
66588
66589
66590
66591
66592
66593
66594
66595
66596
66597
66598
.....
66605
66606
66607
66608
66609
66610
66611
66612
66613
66614
66615
66616
66617
66618
66619
.....
66867
66868
66869
66870
66871
66872
66873
66874
66875
66876
66877
66878
66879
66880
66881
66882
66883
66884
66885
66886
.....
67031
67032
67033
67034
67035
67036
67037


67038
67039
67040
67041
67042
67043
67044
67045
.....
67197
67198
67199
67200
67201
67202
67203
67204
67205
67206
67207
67208
67209
67210
67211
67212
67213
67214
67215
67216
67217
67218
.....
67232
67233
67234
67235
67236
67237
67238
67239
67240
67241
67242
67243
67244
67245
67246
67247
67248
67249
67250
67251
67252
67253
67254
67255
67256
67257
67258
67259
67260
67261
67262
67263
67264
67265
67266
67267
67268
67269
67270
67271
67272
67273
67274
67275
67276
67277
67278
67279
67280
67281
67282
67283
67284
67285
67286
67287
67288
67289
67290
67291
67292
67293
67294
67295
67296
67297
67298
67299
67300
67301
67302
67303
67304
67305
67306
67307
67308
67309
.....
68693
68694
68695
68696
68697
68698
68699
68700
68701
68702
68703
68704
68705
68706
68707
68708
68709
68710
.....
68876
68877
68878
68879
68880
68881
68882

68883
68884
68885
68886
68887
68888
68889
.....
69261
69262
69263
69264
69265
69266
69267
69268
69269
69270
69271
69272
69273
69274
69275
69276
69277
69278
69279
69280
69281
69282
69283
69284
69285
69286
69287
.....
69738
69739
69740
69741
69742
69743
69744
69745
69746
69747
69748
69749
69750
69751
69752
69753
69754
69755
69756
69757
.....
69759
69760
69761
69762
69763
69764
69765
69766
69767
69768
69769
69770
69771
69772
69773
69774
69775
69776
69777
69778
69779
69780
69781
69782
69783
69784
69785
69786
69787
69788
69789
69790
69791
69792
69793
69794
69795
69796
69797
69798
69799
69800
69801
69802
69803
69804
69805
69806
69807
69808
69809
69810
69811
69812
69813
69814
69815
69816
69817
69818
69819
69820
69821
69822
69823
69824
69825
69826
69827
69828
69829
69830
69831
69832
69833
69834
69835
69836
69837
69838
69839
69840
69841
69842
69843
69844
69845
69846
69847
69848
69849
69850
69851
69852
69853
.....
70725
70726
70727
70728
70729
70730
70731
70732
70733
70734
70735
70736
70737
70738
70739
70740
70741
.....
72753
72754
72755
72756
72757
72758
72759
72760
72761
72762
72763
72764
72765
72766
72767
72768
72769
72770
.....
72790
72791
72792
72793
72794
72795
72796
72797
72798
72799
72800
72801
72802
72803
72804
72805
72806
72807
72808
.....
73929
73930
73931
73932
73933
73934
73935
73936
73937
73938
73939
73940
73941
73942
73943
73944
73945
73946
73947
73948
73949
73950
73951
73952
73953
73954
73955
.....
74626
74627
74628
74629
74630
74631
74632
74633
74634
74635
74636
74637
74638
74639
74640
74641
74642
.....
75544
75545
75546
75547
75548
75549
75550
75551
75552
75553
75554
75555
75556
75557
75558
75559
75560
.....
75564
75565
75566
75567
75568
75569
75570
75571
75572
75573
75574
75575
75576
75577
75578
75579
75580
75581
75582
75583
75584
75585
75586
75587
75588
75589
75590
75591
.....
75822
75823
75824
75825
75826
75827
75828
75829
75830
75831
75832
75833
75834
75835
75836
75837
.....
75841
75842
75843
75844
75845
75846
75847
75848
75849
75850
75851
75852
75853
75854
75855
.....
76767
76768
76769
76770
76771
76772
76773
76774
76775
76776
76777
76778
76779
76780
76781
76782
76783
76784
76785
.....
76990
76991
76992
76993
76994
76995
76996

76997
76998
76999
77000
77001
77002
77003
.....
77007
77008
77009
77010
77011
77012
77013

77014
77015
77016
77017
77018
77019
77020
77021
77022
77023
77024
.....
77187
77188
77189
77190
77191
77192
77193
77194
77195
77196
77197
77198
77199
77200
77201
.....
77232
77233
77234
77235
77236
77237
77238
77239
77240
77241
77242
77243
77244
77245
77246
77247
77248
77249
77250
77251
77252
.....
77533
77534
77535
77536
77537
77538
77539



77540
77541
77542
77543
77544
77545
77546
.....
77931
77932
77933
77934
77935
77936
77937
77938
77939
77940

77941
77942
77943

77944
77945
77946

77947
77948
77949
77950
77951
77952
77953
.....
78213
78214
78215
78216
78217
78218
78219


78220
78221
78222
78223
78224
78225

78226
78227
78228
78229
78230
78231
78232
.....
79499
79500
79501
79502
79503
79504
79505
79506
79507
79508
79509
79510
79511
79512
79513
.....
80312
80313
80314
80315
80316
80317
80318
80319
80320
80321
80322
80323
80324
80325
80326
80327
80328
80329
80330
80331
80332
80333
80334
.....
80872
80873
80874
80875
80876
80877
80878
80879
80880
80881
80882
80883
80884
80885
80886
.....
81004
81005
81006
81007
81008
81009
81010
81011
81012
81013
81014
81015
81016
81017
81018
.....
82266
82267
82268
82269
82270
82271
82272
82273
82274
82275
82276
82277
82278
82279
82280
.....
82961
82962
82963
82964
82965
82966
82967
82968
82969
82970
82971
82972
82973
82974
82975
82976
82977
82978
82979
82980
82981
82982
82983
82984
82985
82986
82987
82988
82989
82990
82991
82992
82993
82994
82995
82996
82997
82998
82999
83000
83001
83002
83003
83004
83005
83006
83007
83008
83009
83010
83011
83012

83013
83014
83015
83016
83017
83018
83019
83020
83021
83022
83023
83024
83025
83026
83027
83028
83029
83030
83031
83032
83033
83034
83035
83036
83037
83038
83039
83040
83041
83042
83043
83044
83045
83046
83047
83048
83049
83050
83051
83052
83053
83054
83055
83056
83057
83058
83059
83060
83061
83062
83063
83064
83065
83066
83067
83068
83069
83070
83071
83072
83073
83074
83075
83076
83077
83078
83079
83080
83081
83082
83083
83084
83085
83086
83087
83088
83089
83090
83091
83092
83093
83094
83095
83096
83097
83098
83099
83100
83101
83102
83103
83104
83105
83106
83107
83108
83109
83110
83111
83112
.....
84755
84756
84757
84758
84759
84760
84761
84762
84763
84764
84765
84766
84767
84768
84769
84770
84771
84772
.....
85820
85821
85822
85823
85824
85825
85826
85827
85828
85829
85830
85831
85832
85833
85834
85835
85836
85837
85838
.....
87402
87403
87404
87405
87406
87407
87408
87409
87410
87411
87412
87413
87414
87415
87416
.....
88411
88412
88413
88414
88415
88416
88417
88418
88419
88420
88421
88422
88423
88424
88425
88426
88427
88428
88429
88430
88431
88432
88433
88434
88435
88436
88437
88438
88439
88440
88441
88442
88443
88444
88445
88446
.....
88558
88559
88560
88561
88562
88563
88564
88565
88566
88567
88568
88569
88570
88571
88572
.....
88820
88821
88822
88823
88824
88825
88826
88827
88828
88829
88830
88831
88832
88833
88834
.....
88995
88996
88997
88998
88999
89000
89001
89002
89003
89004
89005
89006
89007
89008
89009
89010
89011
89012
89013
89014
89015
89016
89017
.....
89504
89505
89506
89507
89508
89509
89510
89511
89512
89513
89514
89515
89516
89517
89518
89519
89520
.....
90001
90002
90003
90004
90005
90006
90007

90008
90009
90010
90011
90012
90013
90014
90015
90016
90017
90018
90019
.....
90129
90130
90131
90132
90133
90134
90135

90136
90137
90138
90139
90140
90141
90142
.....
91407
91408
91409
91410
91411
91412
91413
91414
91415
91416
91417
91418
91419
91420
91421
91422
91423
91424
91425
91426
91427
91428
91429
91430
91431
91432
91433
.....
93896
93897
93898
93899
93900
93901
93902








93903
93904
93905
93906
93907
93908
93909
93910
93911
93912
93913
93914
93915
93916
93917
93918
93919
93920
93921
93922
93923


93924
93925
93926


93927
93928
93929
93930
93931
93932
93933
93934
.....
94701
94702
94703
94704
94705
94706
94707
94708
94709
94710
94711
94712
94713
94714
94715
94716
.....
95472
95473
95474
95475
95476
95477
95478
95479
95480
95481
95482
95483
95484
95485
95486
95487
.....
97541
97542
97543
97544
97545
97546
97547
97548
97549
97550
97551
97552
97553
97554
97555
.....
97612
97613
97614
97615
97616
97617
97618
97619
97620
97621
97622
97623
97624
97625
97626
97627
97628
97629
.....
97733
97734
97735
97736
97737
97738
97739
97740
97741

97742



97743
97744
97745
97746
97747
97748
97749
.....
97913
97914
97915
97916
97917
97918
97919
97920
97921
97922
97923
97924
97925
97926
97927
97928
97929
97930
97931
97932
97933
97934
97935
97936
97937
97938
97939
97940
97941
97942
97943
97944
.....
97984
97985
97986
97987
97988
97989
97990
97991
97992
97993
97994
97995
97996
97997
97998
.....
98043
98044
98045
98046
98047
98048
98049
98050
98051
98052
98053
98054
98055
98056
98057
.....
98058
98059
98060
98061
98062
98063
98064
98065
98066
98067
98068
98069
98070
98071
98072
98073
98074
98075
98076
98077
98078
98079
98080
98081
98082
98083
.....
98090
98091
98092
98093
98094
98095
98096
98097
98098
98099
98100
98101
98102
98103
98104
98105
.....
98115
98116
98117
98118
98119
98120
98121
98122





98123
98124
98125
98126
98127
98128
98129
98130
98131
98132
98133
98134
98135
98136
98137
98138
98139
98140
98141
98142
98143
98144
98145
98146
98147
98148
98149
98150
......
101230
101231
101232
101233
101234
101235
101236

101237
101238
101239
101240
101241
101242
101243
......
102039
102040
102041
102042
102043
102044
102045
102046
102047
102048
102049
102050
102051
102052
102053
......
102056
102057
102058
102059
102060
102061
102062
102063
102064
102065
102066
102067
102068
102069
102070
......
102122
102123
102124
102125
102126
102127
102128
102129
102130
102131
102132
102133
102134
102135
102136
102137
102138
102139
102140
102141
......
102183
102184
102185
102186
102187
102188
102189
102190
102191
102192
102193
102194
102195
102196
102197
102198
......
102336
102337
102338
102339
102340
102341
102342
102343
102344
102345
102346
102347
102348
102349
102350
......
102402
102403
102404
102405
102406
102407
102408
102409
102410
102411
102412
102413
102414
102415
102416
......
102445
102446
102447
102448
102449
102450
102451
102452
102453
102454
102455
102456
102457
102458
102459
......
102695
102696
102697
102698
102699
102700
102701
102702
102703
102704
102705
102706
102707
102708
102709
......
104055
104056
104057
104058
104059
104060
104061
104062
104063
104064
104065
104066
104067
104068
104069
104070
......
104101
104102
104103
104104
104105
104106
104107
104108
104109
104110















104111
104112
104113
104114
104115
104116
104117
......
104156
104157
104158
104159
104160
104161
104162
104163
104164
104165
104166
104167
104168
104169
104170
104171
104172
104173
104174
104175
104176
104177
104178
104179
104180
104181
104182
104183
......
104749
104750
104751
104752
104753
104754
104755
104756
104757
104758
104759
104760
104761
104762
104763
104764
104765
104766
104767
......
105066
105067
105068
105069
105070
105071
105072

105073
105074
105075
105076
105077
105078
105079
105080
105081
105082
105083
105084
105085
......
105178
105179
105180
105181
105182
105183
105184
105185
105186
105187
105188
105189
105190
105191
105192
105193
105194
105195
105196
......
105308
105309
105310
105311
105312
105313
105314
105315
105316
105317
105318
105319
105320
105321
105322
105323
105324
105325
105326

105327
105328
105329
105330
105331
105332
105333
105334
105335
105336
105337
105338
105339
105340
......
105385
105386
105387
105388
105389
105390
105391
105392

105393
105394
105395
105396
105397
105398
105399
......
105410
105411
105412
105413
105414
105415
105416

105417


105418
105419
105420
105421
105422
105423
105424
......
107326
107327
107328
107329
107330
107331
107332
107333
107334
107335
107336
107337
107338
107339
107340
107341
107342
107343
107344
107345
107346
107347
107348
107349
107350
107351
107352
107353
107354
107355
107356
107357
107358
107359
107360
107361
107362
107363
107364
107365
107366
107367
107368
107369
107370
107371
107372
107373
107374
107375
107376
107377
107378
107379
107380
107381
107382
107383
107384
107385
107386
107387
107388
107389
107390
107391
107392
107393
107394
107395
107396
107397
107398
107399
......
107466
107467
107468
107469
107470
107471
107472
107473
107474
107475
107476
107477
107478
107479
107480
107481
107482
107483
107484
107485
107486





107487
107488
107489
107490
107491
107492
107493
......
109365
109366
109367
109368
109369
109370
109371
109372
109373
109374
109375
109376
109377
109378
109379
109380
109381
......
109658
109659
109660
109661
109662
109663
109664
109665
109666
109667
109668
109669
109670
109671
109672
109673
109674
......
110146
110147
110148
110149
110150
110151
110152
110153
110154
110155
110156
110157
110158
110159
110160
110161
110162
110163
110164
110165

110166
110167
110168
110169
110170
110171
110172
......
110961
110962
110963
110964
110965
110966
110967
110968
110969
110970
110971
110972
110973
110974
110975
110976
110977
......
113027
113028
113029
113030
113031
113032
113033
113034
113035
113036
113037
113038
113039
113040
113041
......
113385
113386
113387
113388
113389
113390
113391
113392
113393
113394
113395
113396
113397
113398
113399
113400
113401
113402
113403
113404
113405
113406
113407
113408
113409
113410
113411
113412
113413
113414
113415
113416
113417
......
113636
113637
113638
113639
113640
113641
113642
113643
113644
113645
113646
113647
113648
113649
113650
113651
113652
113653
113654
113655
......
114013
114014
114015
114016
114017
114018
114019
114020
114021
114022
114023
114024
114025
114026
114027
114028
114029
......
114372
114373
114374
114375
114376
114377
114378
114379
114380
114381
114382
114383
114384
114385
114386
114387
114388
......
114390
114391
114392
114393
114394
114395
114396
114397
114398
114399
114400

114401
114402
114403
114404
114405
114406
114407
......
114528
114529
114530
114531
114532
114533
114534
114535
114536
114537
114538
114539
114540
114541
114542
114543
114544
......
114561
114562
114563
114564
114565
114566
114567

114568
114569
114570
114571
114572
114573
114574
114575
114576
114577
114578
114579
114580
114581
114582
114583
114584
114585
114586
114587
114588
114589
114590
114591
114592
114593
......
114905
114906
114907
114908
114909
114910
114911
114912
114913
114914
114915
114916
114917
114918
114919
......
115113
115114
115115
115116
115117
115118
115119
115120
115121
115122
115123
115124
115125
115126
115127
115128
115129
115130
115131
......
115647
115648
115649
115650
115651
115652
115653
115654
115655
115656
115657
115658
115659
115660
115661
115662
115663
115664
115665
115666
115667
115668
115669
......
115954
115955
115956
115957
115958
115959
115960
115961

115962
115963
115964
115965
115966
115967
115968
......
116056
116057
116058
116059
116060
116061
116062
116063
116064

116065
116066
116067
116068
116069
116070
116071
......
116114
116115
116116
116117
116118
116119
116120
116121
116122

116123
116124
116125
116126
116127
116128
116129
......
116190
116191
116192
116193
116194
116195
116196
116197
116198

116199
116200
116201
116202
116203
116204
116205
......
116224
116225
116226
116227
116228
116229
116230
116231
116232

116233
116234
116235
116236
116237
116238
116239
......
116246
116247
116248
116249
116250
116251
116252
116253
116254
116255
116256
116257
116258
116259
116260
......
116265
116266
116267
116268
116269
116270
116271
116272
116273

116274
116275
116276
116277
116278
116279
116280
......
116486
116487
116488
116489
116490
116491
116492
116493
116494
116495
116496
116497
116498
116499
116500
116501
......
116503
116504
116505
116506
116507
116508
116509
116510
116511
116512
116513
116514
116515
116516
116517
116518
116519
116520
116521
116522
116523
116524
116525
116526
116527
116528
116529
116530
116531
116532
116533
116534
116535
116536
116537
......
116543
116544
116545
116546
116547
116548
116549
116550
116551
116552
116553
116554
116555
116556
116557
116558

116559
116560
116561
116562
116563
116564
116565
116566
116567
116568
116569
......
116607
116608
116609
116610
116611
116612
116613
116614
116615
116616
116617
116618
116619
116620
116621
116622
116623
116624
116625
116626
116627
116628
116629
116630
116631
116632
116633
116634
116635
116636
116637
116638
116639
116640
116641
116642
116643
......
116789
116790
116791
116792
116793
116794
116795

116796
116797
116798
116799
116800
116801
116802
116803
116804
116805
116806
116807
116808
116809
116810
116811
116812
116813
116814
......
116882
116883
116884
116885
116886
116887
116888
116889
116890
116891
116892
116893
116894
116895
116896
......
117033
117034
117035
117036
117037
117038
117039
117040
117041
117042
117043
117044
117045
117046
117047
......
117049
117050
117051
117052
117053
117054
117055
117056
117057
117058
117059
117060
117061
117062
117063
......
117073
117074
117075
117076
117077
117078
117079

117080


117081
117082
117083
117084
117085
117086
117087
......
117089
117090
117091
117092
117093
117094
117095
117096
117097
117098
117099
117100
117101
117102
117103
117104
117105
117106
117107
117108
117109
117110
117111
117112
117113
117114
117115
117116
117117
117118
117119
117120
117121
117122
117123
117124
117125
117126
117127
117128
117129
......
117139
117140
117141
117142
117143
117144
117145
117146
117147
117148
117149
117150
117151
117152
117153
......
117154
117155
117156
117157
117158
117159
117160
117161
117162
117163
117164
117165
117166
117167
117168
117169
117170
117171
117172
117173
117174
117175
117176
117177
117178
117179
117180
117181
117182
117183
117184
......
117195
117196
117197
117198
117199
117200
117201
117202
117203
117204
117205
117206
117207
117208
117209
117210
117211
117212
117213
117214
117215
117216
117217
......
117563
117564
117565
117566
117567
117568
117569
117570
117571
117572
117573
117574
117575
117576
117577
......
117677
117678
117679
117680
117681
117682
117683
117684
117685
117686
117687
117688
117689
117690
117691
......
117708
117709
117710
117711
117712
117713
117714
117715
117716
117717

117718
117719
117720
117721
117722
117723
117724
117725
117726
117727
117728
117729
117730
117731
117732
117733
117734
117735
117736
117737
117738
......
117741
117742
117743
117744
117745
117746
117747
117748
117749
117750
117751
117752
117753
117754
117755
......
117770
117771
117772
117773
117774
117775
117776
117777
117778
117779
117780
117781
117782
117783
117784
117785
......
117813
117814
117815
117816
117817
117818
117819
117820
117821
117822
117823
117824
117825
117826
117827
117828
117829
117830
117831
117832
117833
117834
117835
117836
117837
117838
117839
117840
117841
117842
117843
117844
117845
117846
117847
117848
117849
117850
117851
117852
117853
117854
117855
117856
117857
117858
117859
117860
117861
117862
117863
117864
117865
......
118153
118154
118155
118156
118157
118158
118159
118160
118161
118162
118163
118164
118165
118166
118167
......
118170
118171
118172
118173
118174
118175
118176
118177
118178
118179
118180
118181
118182
118183
118184
......
118483
118484
118485
118486
118487
118488
118489

118490

118491
118492
118493
118494
118495
118496
118497
118498
118499
......
118518
118519
118520
118521
118522
118523
118524
118525
118526
118527
118528
118529
118530
118531
118532
118533
118534
118535
118536
......
118652
118653
118654
118655
118656
118657
118658
118659
118660
118661
118662
118663
118664
118665
118666
118667
118668
118669
......
118796
118797
118798
118799
118800
118801
118802
118803
118804
118805
118806
118807
118808
118809
118810
......
118832
118833
118834
118835
118836
118837
118838

118839
118840
118841
118842
118843
118844
118845
......
118906
118907
118908
118909
118910
118911
118912
118913
118914
118915
118916
118917
118918
118919
118920
118921
118922
118923
118924
118925
118926
118927
118928
118929
118930
118931
118932
118933
118934
118935
118936
118937
118938
118939
118940
118941
118942
118943
118944
118945
118946
118947
118948
118949
118950
......
118958
118959
118960
118961
118962
118963
118964











118965
118966
118967

118968
118969
118970

118971
118972
118973
118974
118975
118976
118977
118978
118979
118980
118981
118982
118983
118984
118985
118986
118987
118988
118989
......
119020
119021
119022
119023
119024
119025
119026
119027
119028
119029
119030
119031
119032
119033
119034
119035
119036
......
119181
119182
119183
119184
119185
119186
119187
119188
119189
119190
119191
119192
119193



119194
119195
119196
119197
119198
119199
119200
119201
119202
119203
119204
119205
119206
119207
119208
119209
119210
119211
119212
119213
119214
119215
119216
119217
119218
119219
119220
119221
119222
119223
119224
119225
119226
119227
119228
119229
119230
119231
119232
119233
119234
119235
119236
119237
119238
119239
119240
119241
119242
119243
119244
119245
119246
119247
119248
119249
119250
119251
119252
119253
119254
119255






119256
119257
119258
119259
119260
119261
119262
......
119289
119290
119291
119292
119293
119294
119295
119296
119297
119298
119299
119300
119301
119302
119303
......
119318
119319
119320
119321
119322
119323
119324
119325
119326
119327
119328
119329
119330
119331
119332






































119333
119334
119335
119336
119337
119338
119339
......
119420
119421
119422
119423
119424
119425
119426

119427
119428
119429
119430
119431
119432
119433
......
119487
119488
119489
119490
119491
119492
119493
119494
119495
119496
119497
119498
119499
119500
119501
119502
119503
119504
119505
119506
119507
119508
119509
119510
119511
119512
119513
119514
119515
119516
119517
119518
119519
119520
119521
119522
119523
119524
119525
119526
119527
119528
119529
119530
119531
119532
119533
119534
119535
119536
119537
119538
119539
......
119704
119705
119706
119707
119708
119709
119710
119711
119712
119713
119714
119715
119716
119717
119718
......
119745
119746
119747
119748
119749
119750
119751
119752
119753
119754
119755
119756
119757
119758
119759
......
120295
120296
120297
120298
120299
120300
120301
120302
120303
120304
120305
120306
120307
120308
120309
......
120749
120750
120751
120752
120753
120754
120755
120756
120757
120758
120759
120760
120761
120762
120763
......
120868
120869
120870
120871
120872
120873
120874
120875
120876
120877
120878
120879
120880
120881
120882
120883
120884
120885
120886

120887
120888
120889
120890
120891
120892
120893
......
121388
121389
121390
121391
121392
121393
121394
121395
121396
121397
121398
121399
121400
121401
121402
121403
121404
121405
121406
121407
121408
121409
121410
121411
121412
121413
121414
121415
121416
121417
121418
121419
121420
121421
......
123988
123989
123990
123991
123992
123993
123994
123995
123996
123997
123998
123999
124000
124001
124002
124003
124004
124005
124006
124007
124008
124009
124010
124011
124012
124013
124014
......
125844
125845
125846
125847
125848
125849
125850
125851
125852
125853
125854
125855
125856
125857
125858
125859
125860
......
126113
126114
126115
126116
126117
126118
126119
126120
126121
126122
126123
126124
126125
126126
126127
126128
126129
126130
126131
126132
126133
......
126422
126423
126424
126425
126426
126427
126428
126429
126430
126431
126432
126433
126434
126435
126436
......
126631
126632
126633
126634
126635
126636
126637
126638
126639
126640
126641
126642
126643
126644
126645
126646
126647
126648
126649
126650
126651
......
126696
126697
126698
126699
126700
126701
126702
126703
126704
126705
126706
126707
126708
126709
126710
126711
126712
126713
126714
126715
126716
126717
126718
126719
126720
126721
126722
126723
126724
126725
126726
126727
126728
126729
126730
126731
126732
126733
126734
126735
126736
126737
126738
126739
126740
126741
126742
126743
126744

126745
126746
126747
126748
126749
126750
126751
126752
126753
126754
126755
126756
126757
126758
126759
126760
126761
126762
126763
126764
126765
126766
126767
126768
126769
126770
126771
126772
126773
126774
126775
126776
126777
126778
126779
126780
126781
126782
126783
126784
126785
126786
126787
126788
126789
126790
126791
126792
126793
126794
126795
126796
126797
126798
126799
126800
126801
126802
126803
126804
126805
126806
126807
126808
126809
126810
126811
126812
126813
126814
126815
126816
126817
126818
126819
126820
126821
126822
126823
126824
126825
126826
126827
126828
126829
126830
126831
126832
126833
126834
126835

126836
126837
126838
126839
126840
126841
126842
126843
126844
126845
126846
126847
126848
126849
126850
126851
126852
126853
126854
126855
126856
126857

126858
126859
126860
126861
126862
126863

126864
126865
126866
126867
126868
126869
126870
......
126895
126896
126897
126898
126899
126900
126901
126902
126903
126904
126905
126906
126907
126908
126909
126910
126911
126912
126913
126914
126915
126916
126917
126918
126919
126920
126921
......
126922
126923
126924
126925
126926
126927
126928
126929
126930
126931
126932
126933
126934
126935
126936
126937
126938
126939
126940
126941
126942
126943


126944
126945
126946
126947
126948
126949
126950
126951
126952
126953
126954
126955
126956
126957
126958
126959
126960
126961
126962
126963
126964
126965
126966
126967
126968
126969
126970
126971
......
127037
127038
127039
127040
127041
127042
127043
127044
127045
127046
127047
127048
127049
127050
127051
127052
127053
127054
127055
127056
127057
127058
127059
127060
127061
127062
127063
127064
127065
127066
127067
127068
127069
......
127145
127146
127147
127148
127149
127150
127151
127152
127153
127154
127155
127156
127157
127158
127159
127160
127161
127162
127163
127164
127165
127166
127167
127168
127169
127170
127171
127172
......
127193
127194
127195
127196
127197
127198
127199
127200
127201
127202
127203
127204
127205
127206
127207
127208
127209
127210
127211
127212
127213
127214
127215
127216
127217
127218
127219
127220
127221
127222
127223
127224
127225
127226
127227
127228
127229
127230
127231
127232
127233
127234
127235
127236
127237
127238
......
127404
127405
127406
127407
127408
127409
127410










127411
127412
127413
127414
127415
127416
127417
......
127710
127711
127712
127713
127714
127715
127716
127717
127718
127719
127720
127721
127722
127723
127724
......
127773
127774
127775
127776
127777
127778
127779
127780
127781
127782
127783
127784
127785
127786
127787
127788
127789
......
127797
127798
127799
127800
127801
127802
127803
127804
127805
127806
127807
127808
127809
127810
127811
127812
127813
127814
127815
127816
......
127823
127824
127825
127826
127827
127828
127829
127830
127831
127832
127833
127834
127835
127836
127837
127838
127839
127840
127841
127842
127843
127844
127845
127846
127847
127848
127849
127850
127851
127852
127853
127854
127855
127856
127857
127858
......
127982
127983
127984
127985
127986
127987
127988
127989
127990
127991
127992
127993
127994
127995
127996
127997
127998
127999
128000
128001
......
128024
128025
128026
128027
128028
128029
128030
128031
128032
128033
128034
128035
128036
128037
128038
128039
128040
128041
......
128059
128060
128061
128062
128063
128064
128065
128066
128067
128068
128069
128070
128071
128072
128073
128074
128075
128076
128077
128078
......
128086
128087
128088
128089
128090
128091
128092
128093
128094
128095
128096
128097
128098
128099
128100
128101
128102
128103
128104
128105
128106
......
128114
128115
128116
128117
128118
128119
128120
128121
128122
128123
128124
128125
128126
128127
128128
128129
128130
128131
128132
128133
128134
......
128141
128142
128143
128144
128145
128146
128147
128148
128149
128150
128151
128152
128153
128154
128155
128156
128157
128158
128159
128160
128161
......
128166
128167
128168
128169
128170
128171
128172
128173
128174
128175
128176
128177
128178
128179
128180
128181
128182
128183
128184
128185
128186
......
128191
128192
128193
128194
128195
128196
128197
128198
128199
128200
128201
128202
128203
128204
128205
128206
128207
128208
128209
128210
128211
......
128244
128245
128246
128247
128248
128249
128250
128251
128252
128253
128254
128255
128256
128257
128258
128259
128260
......
128267
128268
128269
128270
128271
128272
128273
128274
128275
128276
128277
128278
128279
128280
128281
128282
128283
128284
128285
128286
......
128299
128300
128301
128302
128303
128304
128305
128306
128307
128308
128309
128310
128311
128312
128313
128314
128315
128316
128317
128318
128319
128320
128321
128322
128323
128324
128325
128326
128327
128328
......
128342
128343
128344
128345
128346
128347
128348
128349
128350
128351
128352
128353
128354
128355
128356
128357
128358
......
128531
128532
128533
128534
128535
128536
128537


























128538
128539
128540
128541
128542
128543
128544
......
128574
128575
128576
128577
128578
128579
128580

128581
128582
128583
128584
128585
128586
128587
......
128678
128679
128680
128681
128682
128683
128684
128685
128686
128687
128688
128689
128690
128691
128692
128693
128694
128695
128696
128697
......
128760
128761
128762
128763
128764
128765
128766
128767
128768
128769
128770
128771
128772
128773
128774
128775
......
128970
128971
128972
128973
128974
128975
128976
128977
128978
128979
128980
128981
128982
128983
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/******************************************************************************
** This file is an amalgamation of many separate C source files from SQLite
** version 3.8.8.  By combining all the individual C code files into this 
** single large file, the entire code can be compiled as a single translation
** unit.  This allows many compilers to do optimizations that would not be
** possible if the files were compiled separately.  Performance improvements
** of 5% or more are commonly seen when SQLite is compiled as a single
** translation unit.
**
** This file is all you need to compile SQLite.  To use SQLite in other
................................................................................
*************************************************************************
** Internal interface definitions for SQLite.
**
*/
#ifndef _SQLITEINT_H_
#define _SQLITEINT_H_

/*
** Include the header file used to customize the compiler options for MSVC.
** This should be done first so that it can successfully prevent spurious
** compiler warnings due to subsequent content in this file and other files
** that are included by this file.
*/
/************** Include msvc.h in the middle of sqliteInt.h ******************/
/************** Begin file msvc.h ********************************************/
/*
** 2015 January 12
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
******************************************************************************
**
** This file contains code that is specific to MSVC.
*/
#ifndef _MSVC_H_
#define _MSVC_H_

#if defined(_MSC_VER)
#pragma warning(disable : 4054)
#pragma warning(disable : 4055)
#pragma warning(disable : 4100)
#pragma warning(disable : 4127)
#pragma warning(disable : 4152)
#pragma warning(disable : 4189)
#pragma warning(disable : 4206)
#pragma warning(disable : 4210)
#pragma warning(disable : 4232)
#pragma warning(disable : 4244)
#pragma warning(disable : 4305)
#pragma warning(disable : 4306)
#pragma warning(disable : 4702)
#pragma warning(disable : 4706)
#endif /* defined(_MSC_VER) */

#endif /* _MSVC_H_ */

/************** End of msvc.h ************************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in sqliteInt.h ******************/

/*
** These #defines should enable >2GB file support on POSIX if the
** underlying operating system supports it.  If the OS lacks
** large file support, or if the OS is windows, these should be no-ops.
**
** Ticket #2739:  The _LARGEFILE_SOURCE macro must appear before any
** system #includes.  Hence, this block of code must be the very first
................................................................................
# define SQLITE_API
#endif


/*
** These no-op macros are used in front of interfaces to mark those
** interfaces as either deprecated or experimental.  New applications
** should not use deprecated interfaces - they are supported for backwards
** compatibility only.  Application writers should be aware that
** experimental interfaces are subject to change in point releases.
**
** These macros used to resolve to various kinds of compiler magic that
** would generate warning messages when they were used.  But that
** compiler magic ended up generating such a flurry of bug reports
** that we have taken it all out and gone back to using simple
................................................................................
** string contains the date and time of the check-in (UTC) and an SHA1
** hash of the entire source tree.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.8.8"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3008008
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2015-01-13 21:26:17 882181ff9dd75f32db266db6e476671021fc567b"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
** the desired setting of the [SQLITE_THREADSAFE] macro.
**
** This interface only reports on the compile-time mutex setting
** of the [SQLITE_THREADSAFE] flag.  If SQLite is compiled with
** SQLITE_THREADSAFE=1 or =2 then mutexes are enabled by default but
** can be fully or partially disabled using a call to [sqlite3_config()]
** with the verbs [SQLITE_CONFIG_SINGLETHREAD], [SQLITE_CONFIG_MULTITHREAD],
** or [SQLITE_CONFIG_SERIALIZED].  ^(The return value of the
** sqlite3_threadsafe() function shows only the compile-time setting of
** thread safety, not any run-time changes to that setting made by
** sqlite3_config(). In other words, the return value from sqlite3_threadsafe()
** is unchanged by calls to sqlite3_config().)^
**
** See the [threading mode] documentation for additional information.
*/
................................................................................
** <li>  SQLITE_SHM_LOCK | SQLITE_SHM_SHARED
** <li>  SQLITE_SHM_LOCK | SQLITE_SHM_EXCLUSIVE
** <li>  SQLITE_SHM_UNLOCK | SQLITE_SHM_SHARED
** <li>  SQLITE_SHM_UNLOCK | SQLITE_SHM_EXCLUSIVE
** </ul>
**
** When unlocking, the same SHARED or EXCLUSIVE flag must be supplied as
** was given on the corresponding lock.  
**
** The xShmLock method can transition between unlocked and SHARED or
** between unlocked and EXCLUSIVE.  It cannot transition between SHARED
** and EXCLUSIVE.
*/
#define SQLITE_SHM_UNLOCK       1
#define SQLITE_SHM_LOCK         2
................................................................................
** ^If SQLite is compiled with
** the [SQLITE_THREADSAFE | SQLITE_THREADSAFE=0] compile-time option then
** it is not possible to set the Serialized [threading mode] and
** [sqlite3_config()] will return [SQLITE_ERROR] if called with the
** SQLITE_CONFIG_SERIALIZED configuration option.</dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC</dt>
** <dd> ^(The SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC option takes a single argument which is 
** a pointer to an instance of the [sqlite3_mem_methods] structure.
** The argument specifies
** alternative low-level memory allocation routines to be used in place of
** the memory allocation routines built into SQLite.)^ ^SQLite makes
** its own private copy of the content of the [sqlite3_mem_methods] structure
** before the [sqlite3_config()] call returns.</dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMALLOC]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMALLOC</dt>
** <dd> ^(The SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMALLOC option takes a single argument which
** is a pointer to an instance of the [sqlite3_mem_methods] structure.
** The [sqlite3_mem_methods]
** structure is filled with the currently defined memory allocation routines.)^
** This option can be used to overload the default memory allocation
** routines with a wrapper that simulations memory allocation failure or
** tracks memory usage, for example. </dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_MEMSTATUS]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_MEMSTATUS</dt>
** <dd> ^The SQLITE_CONFIG_MEMSTATUS option takes single argument of type int,
** interpreted as a boolean, which enables or disables the collection of
** memory allocation statistics. ^(When memory allocation statistics are
** disabled, the following SQLite interfaces become non-operational:
**   <ul>
**   <li> [sqlite3_memory_used()]
**   <li> [sqlite3_memory_highwater()]
**   <li> [sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64()]
**   <li> [sqlite3_status()]
**   </ul>)^
** ^Memory allocation statistics are enabled by default unless SQLite is
** compiled with [SQLITE_DEFAULT_MEMSTATUS]=0 in which case memory
** allocation statistics are disabled by default.
** </dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH</dt>
** <dd> ^The SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH option specifies a static memory buffer
** that SQLite can use for scratch memory.  ^(There are three arguments
** to SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH:  A pointer an 8-byte
** aligned memory buffer from which the scratch allocations will be
** drawn, the size of each scratch allocation (sz),
** and the maximum number of scratch allocations (N).)^

** The first argument must be a pointer to an 8-byte aligned buffer
** of at least sz*N bytes of memory.
** ^SQLite will not use more than one scratch buffers per thread.

** ^SQLite will never request a scratch buffer that is more than 6
** times the database page size.
** ^If SQLite needs needs additional
** scratch memory beyond what is provided by this configuration option, then 
** [sqlite3_malloc()] will be used to obtain the memory needed.<p>
** ^When the application provides any amount of scratch memory using
** SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH, SQLite avoids unnecessary large
** [sqlite3_malloc|heap allocations].
** This can help [Robson proof|prevent memory allocation failures] due to heap
** fragmentation in low-memory embedded systems.
** </dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE</dt>
** <dd> ^The SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE option specifies a static memory buffer
** that SQLite can use for the database page cache with the default page
** cache implementation.  
** This configuration should not be used if an application-define page
** cache implementation is loaded using the [SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE2]
** configuration option.
** ^There are three arguments to SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE: A pointer to
** 8-byte aligned
** memory, the size of each page buffer (sz), and the number of pages (N).
** The sz argument should be the size of the largest database page
** (a power of two between 512 and 65536) plus some extra bytes for each

** page header.  ^The number of extra bytes needed by the page header
** can be determined using the [SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE_HDRSZ] option 
** to [sqlite3_config()].
** ^It is harmless, apart from the wasted memory,

** for the sz parameter to be larger than necessary.  The first
** argument should pointer to an 8-byte aligned block of memory that
** is at least sz*N bytes of memory, otherwise subsequent behavior is
** undefined.
** ^SQLite will use the memory provided by the first argument to satisfy its
** memory needs for the first N pages that it adds to cache.  ^If additional
** page cache memory is needed beyond what is provided by this option, then
** SQLite goes to [sqlite3_malloc()] for the additional storage space.</dd>



**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_HEAP]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_HEAP</dt>
** <dd> ^The SQLITE_CONFIG_HEAP option specifies a static memory buffer 
** that SQLite will use for all of its dynamic memory allocation needs
** beyond those provided for by [SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH] and
** [SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE].
** ^The SQLITE_CONFIG_HEAP option is only available if SQLite is compiled
** with either [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS3] or [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS5] and returns
** [SQLITE_ERROR] if invoked otherwise.
** ^There are three arguments to SQLITE_CONFIG_HEAP:
** An 8-byte aligned pointer to the memory,
** the number of bytes in the memory buffer, and the minimum allocation size.
** ^If the first pointer (the memory pointer) is NULL, then SQLite reverts
** to using its default memory allocator (the system malloc() implementation),
** undoing any prior invocation of [SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC].  ^If the
** memory pointer is not NULL then the alternative memory

** allocator is engaged to handle all of SQLites memory allocation needs.
** The first pointer (the memory pointer) must be aligned to an 8-byte
** boundary or subsequent behavior of SQLite will be undefined.
** The minimum allocation size is capped at 2**12. Reasonable values
** for the minimum allocation size are 2**5 through 2**8.</dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX</dt>
** <dd> ^(The SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX option takes a single argument which is a
** pointer to an instance of the [sqlite3_mutex_methods] structure.
** The argument specifies alternative low-level mutex routines to be used
** in place the mutex routines built into SQLite.)^  ^SQLite makes a copy of
** the content of the [sqlite3_mutex_methods] structure before the call to
** [sqlite3_config()] returns. ^If SQLite is compiled with
** the [SQLITE_THREADSAFE | SQLITE_THREADSAFE=0] compile-time option then
** the entire mutexing subsystem is omitted from the build and hence calls to
** [sqlite3_config()] with the SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX configuration option will
** return [SQLITE_ERROR].</dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMUTEX]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMUTEX</dt>
** <dd> ^(The SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMUTEX option takes a single argument which
** is a pointer to an instance of the [sqlite3_mutex_methods] structure.  The
** [sqlite3_mutex_methods]
** structure is filled with the currently defined mutex routines.)^
** This option can be used to overload the default mutex allocation
** routines with a wrapper used to track mutex usage for performance
** profiling or testing, for example.   ^If SQLite is compiled with
** the [SQLITE_THREADSAFE | SQLITE_THREADSAFE=0] compile-time option then
** the entire mutexing subsystem is omitted from the build and hence calls to
** [sqlite3_config()] with the SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMUTEX configuration option will
** return [SQLITE_ERROR].</dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_LOOKASIDE]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_LOOKASIDE</dt>
** <dd> ^(The SQLITE_CONFIG_LOOKASIDE option takes two arguments that determine
** the default size of lookaside memory on each [database connection].
** The first argument is the
** size of each lookaside buffer slot and the second is the number of
** slots allocated to each database connection.)^  ^(SQLITE_CONFIG_LOOKASIDE
** sets the <i>default</i> lookaside size. The [SQLITE_DBCONFIG_LOOKASIDE]
** option to [sqlite3_db_config()] can be used to change the lookaside
** configuration on individual connections.)^ </dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE2]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE2</dt>
** <dd> ^(The SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE2 option takes a single argument which is 
** a pointer to an [sqlite3_pcache_methods2] object.  This object specifies
** the interface to a custom page cache implementation.)^
** ^SQLite makes a copy of the [sqlite3_pcache_methods2] object.</dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_GETPCACHE2]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_GETPCACHE2</dt>
** <dd> ^(The SQLITE_CONFIG_GETPCACHE2 option takes a single argument which
** is a pointer to an [sqlite3_pcache_methods2] object.  SQLite copies of
** the current page cache implementation into that object.)^ </dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_LOG]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_LOG</dt>
** <dd> The SQLITE_CONFIG_LOG option is used to configure the SQLite
** global [error log].
** (^The SQLITE_CONFIG_LOG option takes two arguments: a pointer to a
** function with a call signature of void(*)(void*,int,const char*), 
** and a pointer to void. ^If the function pointer is not NULL, it is
................................................................................
** log message after formatting via [sqlite3_snprintf()].
** The SQLite logging interface is not reentrant; the logger function
** supplied by the application must not invoke any SQLite interface.
** In a multi-threaded application, the application-defined logger
** function must be threadsafe. </dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_URI]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_URI
** <dd>^(The SQLITE_CONFIG_URI option takes a single argument of type int.
** If non-zero, then URI handling is globally enabled. If the parameter is zero,
** then URI handling is globally disabled.)^ ^If URI handling is globally
** enabled, all filenames passed to [sqlite3_open()], [sqlite3_open_v2()],
** [sqlite3_open16()] or
** specified as part of [ATTACH] commands are interpreted as URIs, regardless
** of whether or not the [SQLITE_OPEN_URI] flag is set when the database
** connection is opened. ^If it is globally disabled, filenames are
** only interpreted as URIs if the SQLITE_OPEN_URI flag is set when the
** database connection is opened. ^(By default, URI handling is globally
** disabled. The default value may be changed by compiling with the
** [SQLITE_USE_URI] symbol defined.)^
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN
** <dd>^The SQLITE_CONFIG_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN option takes a single integer
** argument which is interpreted as a boolean in order to enable or disable
** the use of covering indices for full table scans in the query optimizer.
** ^The default setting is determined
** by the [SQLITE_ALLOW_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN] compile-time option, or is "on"
** if that compile-time option is omitted.
** The ability to disable the use of covering indices for full table scans
** is because some incorrectly coded legacy applications might malfunction
** when the optimization is enabled.  Providing the ability to
** disable the optimization allows the older, buggy application code to work
** without change even with newer versions of SQLite.
................................................................................
** <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_MMAP_SIZE
** <dd>^SQLITE_CONFIG_MMAP_SIZE takes two 64-bit integer (sqlite3_int64) values
** that are the default mmap size limit (the default setting for
** [PRAGMA mmap_size]) and the maximum allowed mmap size limit.
** ^The default setting can be overridden by each database connection using
** either the [PRAGMA mmap_size] command, or by using the
** [SQLITE_FCNTL_MMAP_SIZE] file control.  ^(The maximum allowed mmap size
** will be silently truncated if necessary so that it does not exceed the
** compile-time maximum mmap size set by the
** [SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE] compile-time option.)^
** ^If either argument to this option is negative, then that argument is
** changed to its compile-time default.
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_WIN32_HEAPSIZE]]
** <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_WIN32_HEAPSIZE
** <dd>^The SQLITE_CONFIG_WIN32_HEAPSIZE option is only available if SQLite is
** compiled for Windows with the [SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC] pre-processor macro
** defined. ^SQLITE_CONFIG_WIN32_HEAPSIZE takes a 32-bit unsigned integer value
** that specifies the maximum size of the created heap.
** </dl>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE_HDRSZ]]
** <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE_HDRSZ
** <dd>^The SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE_HDRSZ option takes a single parameter which
** is a pointer to an integer and writes into that integer the number of extra
** bytes per page required for each page in [SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE].
** The amount of extra space required can change depending on the compiler,
** target platform, and SQLite version.
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_PMASZ]]
** <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_PMASZ
** <dd>^The SQLITE_CONFIG_PMASZ option takes a single parameter which
** is an unsigned integer and sets the "Minimum PMA Size" for the multithreaded
** sorter to that integer.  The default minimum PMA Size is set by the
** [SQLITE_SORTER_PMASZ] compile-time option.  New threads are launched
** to help with sort operations when multithreaded sorting
** is enabled (using the [PRAGMA threads] command) and the amount of content
** to be sorted exceeds the page size times the minimum of the
** [PRAGMA cache_size] setting and this value.
** </dl>
*/
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_SINGLETHREAD  1  /* nil */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_MULTITHREAD   2  /* nil */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_SERIALIZED    3  /* nil */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC        4  /* sqlite3_mem_methods* */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMALLOC     5  /* sqlite3_mem_methods* */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH       6  /* void*, int sz, int N */
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_URI          17  /* int */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE2      18  /* sqlite3_pcache_methods2* */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_GETPCACHE2   19  /* sqlite3_pcache_methods2* */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN 20  /* int */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_SQLLOG       21  /* xSqllog, void* */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_MMAP_SIZE    22  /* sqlite3_int64, sqlite3_int64 */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_WIN32_HEAPSIZE      23  /* int nByte */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE_HDRSZ        24  /* int *psz */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_PMASZ               25  /* unsigned int szPma */

/*
** CAPI3REF: Database Connection Configuration Options
**
** These constants are the available integer configuration options that
** can be passed as the second argument to the [sqlite3_db_config()] interface.
**
................................................................................
** last insert [rowid].
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 sqlite3_last_insert_rowid(sqlite3*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Count The Number Of Rows Modified
**
** ^This function returns the number of rows modified, inserted or
** deleted by the most recently completed INSERT, UPDATE or DELETE
** statement on the database connection specified by the only parameter.
** ^Executing any other type of SQL statement does not modify the value
** returned by this function.
**
** ^Only changes made directly by the INSERT, UPDATE or DELETE statement are
** considered - auxiliary changes caused by [CREATE TRIGGER | triggers], 
** [foreign key actions] or [REPLACE] constraint resolution are not counted.
** 
** Changes to a view that are intercepted by 
** [INSTEAD OF trigger | INSTEAD OF triggers] are not counted. ^The value 
** returned by sqlite3_changes() immediately after an INSERT, UPDATE or 
** DELETE statement run on a view is always zero. Only changes made to real 
** tables are counted.
**




** Things are more complicated if the sqlite3_changes() function is
** executed while a trigger program is running. This may happen if the
** program uses the [changes() SQL function], or if some other callback
** function invokes sqlite3_changes() directly. Essentially:
** 



** <ul>
**   <li> ^(Before entering a trigger program the value returned by
**        sqlite3_changes() function is saved. After the trigger program 
**        has finished, the original value is restored.)^
** 
**   <li> ^(Within a trigger program each INSERT, UPDATE and DELETE 
**        statement sets the value returned by sqlite3_changes() 
**        upon completion as normal. Of course, this value will not include 
**        any changes performed by sub-triggers, as the sqlite3_changes() 
**        value will be saved and restored after each sub-trigger has run.)^
** </ul>
** 
** ^This means that if the changes() SQL function (or similar) is used
** by the first INSERT, UPDATE or DELETE statement within a trigger, it 
** returns the value as set when the calling statement began executing.
** ^If it is used by the second or subsequent such statement within a trigger 
** program, the value returned reflects the number of rows modified by the 
** previous INSERT, UPDATE or DELETE statement within the same trigger.


**
** See also the [sqlite3_total_changes()] interface, the
** [count_changes pragma], and the [changes() SQL function].
**
** If a separate thread makes changes on the same database connection
** while [sqlite3_changes()] is running then the value returned
** is unpredictable and not meaningful.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_changes(sqlite3*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Total Number Of Rows Modified
**
** ^This function returns the total number of rows inserted, modified or
** deleted by all [INSERT], [UPDATE] or [DELETE] statements completed
** since the database connection was opened, including those executed as
** part of trigger programs. ^Executing any other type of SQL statement
** does not affect the value returned by sqlite3_total_changes().
** 
** ^Changes made as part of [foreign key actions] are included in the
** count, but those made as part of REPLACE constraint resolution are
** not. ^Changes to a view that are intercepted by INSTEAD OF triggers 


** are not counted.



** 
** See also the [sqlite3_changes()] interface, the
** [count_changes pragma], and the [total_changes() SQL function].
**
** If a separate thread makes changes on the same database connection
** while [sqlite3_total_changes()] is running then the value
** returned is unpredictable and not meaningful.
*/
................................................................................
** UTF-16 string in native byte order.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_complete(const char *sql);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_complete16(const void *sql);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Register A Callback To Handle SQLITE_BUSY Errors
** KEYWORDS: {busy-handler callback} {busy handler}
**
** ^The sqlite3_busy_handler(D,X,P) routine sets a callback function X
** that might be invoked with argument P whenever
** an attempt is made to access a database table associated with
** [database connection] D when another thread
** or process has the table locked.
** The sqlite3_busy_handler() interface is used to implement
................................................................................
** ^If the busy callback is NULL, then [SQLITE_BUSY]
** is returned immediately upon encountering the lock.  ^If the busy callback
** is not NULL, then the callback might be invoked with two arguments.
**
** ^The first argument to the busy handler is a copy of the void* pointer which
** is the third argument to sqlite3_busy_handler().  ^The second argument to
** the busy handler callback is the number of times that the busy handler has
** been invoked previously for the same locking event.  ^If the
** busy callback returns 0, then no additional attempts are made to
** access the database and [SQLITE_BUSY] is returned
** to the application.
** ^If the callback returns non-zero, then another attempt
** is made to access the database and the cycle repeats.
**
** The presence of a busy handler does not guarantee that it will be invoked
................................................................................
** SQLite contains a high-quality pseudo-random number generator (PRNG) used to
** select random [ROWID | ROWIDs] when inserting new records into a table that
** already uses the largest possible [ROWID].  The PRNG is also used for
** the build-in random() and randomblob() SQL functions.  This interface allows
** applications to access the same PRNG for other purposes.
**
** ^A call to this routine stores N bytes of randomness into buffer P.
** ^The P parameter can be a NULL pointer.
**
** ^If this routine has not been previously called or if the previous
** call had N less than one or a NULL pointer for P, then the PRNG is
** seeded using randomness obtained from the xRandomness method of
** the default [sqlite3_vfs] object.
** ^If the previous call to this routine had an N of 1 or more and a
** non-NULL P then the pseudo-randomness is generated
** internally and without recourse to the [sqlite3_vfs] xRandomness
** method.
*/
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_randomness(int N, void *P);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Compile-Time Authorization Callbacks
................................................................................

/*
** CAPI3REF: Text Encodings
**
** These constant define integer codes that represent the various
** text encodings supported by SQLite.
*/
#define SQLITE_UTF8           1    /* IMP: R-37514-35566 */
#define SQLITE_UTF16LE        2    /* IMP: R-03371-37637 */
#define SQLITE_UTF16BE        3    /* IMP: R-51971-34154 */
#define SQLITE_UTF16          4    /* Use native byte order */
#define SQLITE_ANY            5    /* Deprecated */
#define SQLITE_UTF16_ALIGNED  8    /* sqlite3_create_collation only */

/*
** CAPI3REF: Function Flags
**
................................................................................
** kind of [sqlite3_value] object can be used with this interface.
**
** If these routines are called from within the different thread
** than the one containing the application-defined function that received
** the [sqlite3_context] pointer, the results are undefined.
*/
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_blob(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int, void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_blob64(sqlite3_context*,const void*,
                           sqlite3_uint64,void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_double(sqlite3_context*, double);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_error(sqlite3_context*, const char*, int);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_error16(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_error_toobig(sqlite3_context*);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_error_nomem(sqlite3_context*);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_error_code(sqlite3_context*, int);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_int(sqlite3_context*, int);
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_API SQLITE_DEPRECATED void sqlite3_soft_heap_limit(int N);


/*
** CAPI3REF: Extract Metadata About A Column Of A Table
**
** ^(The sqlite3_table_column_metadata(X,D,T,C,....) routine returns
** information about column C of table T in database D
** on [database connection] X.)^  ^The sqlite3_table_column_metadata()
** interface returns SQLITE_OK and fills in the non-NULL pointers in
** the final five arguments with appropriate values if the specified
** column exists.  ^The sqlite3_table_column_metadata() interface returns
** SQLITE_ERROR and if the specified column does not exist.
** ^If the column-name parameter to sqlite3_table_column_metadata() is a
** NULL pointer, then this routine simply checks for the existance of the
** table and returns SQLITE_OK if the table exists and SQLITE_ERROR if it
** does not.
**
** ^The column is identified by the second, third and fourth parameters to
** this function. ^(The second parameter is either the name of the database
** (i.e. "main", "temp", or an attached database) containing the specified
** table or NULL.)^ ^If it is NULL, then all attached databases are searched
** for the table using the same algorithm used by the database engine to
** resolve unqualified table references.
**
** ^The third and fourth parameters to this function are the table and column
** name of the desired column, respectively.

**
** ^Metadata is returned by writing to the memory locations passed as the 5th
** and subsequent parameters to this function. ^Any of these arguments may be
** NULL, in which case the corresponding element of metadata is omitted.
**
** ^(<blockquote>
** <table border="1">
................................................................................
** <tr><td> 7th <td> int         <td> True if column has a NOT NULL constraint
** <tr><td> 8th <td> int         <td> True if column is part of the PRIMARY KEY
** <tr><td> 9th <td> int         <td> True if column is [AUTOINCREMENT]
** </table>
** </blockquote>)^
**
** ^The memory pointed to by the character pointers returned for the
** declaration type and collation sequence is valid until the next
** call to any SQLite API function.
**
** ^If the specified table is actually a view, an [error code] is returned.
**
** ^If the specified column is "rowid", "oid" or "_rowid_" and the table 
** is not a [WITHOUT ROWID] table and an
** [INTEGER PRIMARY KEY] column has been explicitly declared, then the output
** parameters are set for the explicitly declared column. ^(If there is no
** [INTEGER PRIMARY KEY] column, then the outputs
** for the [rowid] are set as follows:
**
** <pre>
**     data type: "INTEGER"
**     collation sequence: "BINARY"
**     not null: 0
**     primary key: 1
**     auto increment: 0
** </pre>)^
**
** ^This function causes all database schemas to be read from disk and
** parsed, if that has not already been done, and returns an error if
** any errors are encountered while loading the schema.




*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_table_column_metadata(
  sqlite3 *db,                /* Connection handle */
  const char *zDbName,        /* Database name or NULL */
  const char *zTableName,     /* Table name */
  const char *zColumnName,    /* Column name */
  char const **pzDataType,    /* OUTPUT: Declared data type */
................................................................................
** ^(This interfaces opens a [BLOB handle | handle] to the BLOB located
** in row iRow, column zColumn, table zTable in database zDb;
** in other words, the same BLOB that would be selected by:
**
** <pre>
**     SELECT zColumn FROM zDb.zTable WHERE [rowid] = iRow;
** </pre>)^
**






** ^(Parameter zDb is not the filename that contains the database, but 
** rather the symbolic name of the database. For attached databases, this is
** the name that appears after the AS keyword in the [ATTACH] statement.
** For the main database file, the database name is "main". For TEMP
** tables, the database name is "temp".)^
**
** ^If the flags parameter is non-zero, then the BLOB is opened for read
** and write access. ^If the flags parameter is zero, the BLOB is opened for
** read-only access.
**
** ^(On success, [SQLITE_OK] is returned and the new [BLOB handle] is stored
** in *ppBlob. Otherwise an [error code] is returned and, unless the error
** code is SQLITE_MISUSE, *ppBlob is set to NULL.)^ ^This means that, provided
** the API is not misused, it is always safe to call [sqlite3_blob_close()] 
** on *ppBlob after this function it returns.
**
** This function fails with SQLITE_ERROR if any of the following are true:
** <ul>
**   <li> ^(Database zDb does not exist)^, 
**   <li> ^(Table zTable does not exist within database zDb)^, 
**   <li> ^(Table zTable is a WITHOUT ROWID table)^, 
**   <li> ^(Column zColumn does not exist)^,
**   <li> ^(Row iRow is not present in the table)^,
**   <li> ^(The specified column of row iRow contains a value that is not
**         a TEXT or BLOB value)^,
**   <li> ^(Column zColumn is part of an index, PRIMARY KEY or UNIQUE 
**         constraint and the blob is being opened for read/write access)^,
**   <li> ^([foreign key constraints | Foreign key constraints] are enabled, 
**         column zColumn is part of a [child key] definition and the blob is
**         being opened for read/write access)^.
** </ul>
**
** ^Unless it returns SQLITE_MISUSE, this function sets the 
** [database connection] error code and message accessible via 
** [sqlite3_errcode()] and [sqlite3_errmsg()] and related functions. 



**
**
** ^(If the row that a BLOB handle points to is modified by an
** [UPDATE], [DELETE], or by [ON CONFLICT] side-effects
** then the BLOB handle is marked as "expired".
** This is true if any column of the row is changed, even a column
** other than the one the BLOB handle is open on.)^
** ^Calls to [sqlite3_blob_read()] and [sqlite3_blob_write()] for
................................................................................
** commit if the transaction continues to completion.)^
**
** ^Use the [sqlite3_blob_bytes()] interface to determine the size of
** the opened blob.  ^The size of a blob may not be changed by this
** interface.  Use the [UPDATE] SQL command to change the size of a
** blob.
**



** ^The [sqlite3_bind_zeroblob()] and [sqlite3_result_zeroblob()] interfaces
** and the built-in [zeroblob] SQL function may be used to create a 


** zero-filled blob to read or write using the incremental-blob interface.
**
** To avoid a resource leak, every open [BLOB handle] should eventually
** be released by a call to [sqlite3_blob_close()].
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_blob_open(
  sqlite3*,
  const char *zDb,
................................................................................
** ^This function sets the database handle error code and message.
*/
SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL int sqlite3_blob_reopen(sqlite3_blob *, sqlite3_int64);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Close A BLOB Handle
**
** ^This function closes an open [BLOB handle]. ^(The BLOB handle is closed
** unconditionally.  Even if this routine returns an error code, the 
** handle is still closed.)^
**
** ^If the blob handle being closed was opened for read-write access, and if
** the database is in auto-commit mode and there are no other open read-write
** blob handles or active write statements, the current transaction is
** committed. ^If an error occurs while committing the transaction, an error
** code is returned and the transaction rolled back.
**
** Calling this function with an argument that is not a NULL pointer or an
** open blob handle results in undefined behaviour. ^Calling this routine 
** with a null pointer (such as would be returned by a failed call to 
** [sqlite3_blob_open()]) is a harmless no-op. ^Otherwise, if this function
** is passed a valid open blob handle, the values returned by the 
** sqlite3_errcode() and sqlite3_errmsg() functions are set before returning.


*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_blob_close(sqlite3_blob *);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Return The Size Of An Open BLOB
**
** ^Returns the size in bytes of the BLOB accessible via the 
................................................................................
** See also: [sqlite3_blob_write()].
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_blob_read(sqlite3_blob *, void *Z, int N, int iOffset);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Write Data Into A BLOB Incrementally
**
** ^(This function is used to write data into an open [BLOB handle] from a
** caller-supplied buffer. N bytes of data are copied from the buffer Z
** into the open BLOB, starting at offset iOffset.)^
**
** ^(On success, sqlite3_blob_write() returns SQLITE_OK.
** Otherwise, an  [error code] or an [extended error code] is returned.)^
** ^Unless SQLITE_MISUSE is returned, this function sets the 
** [database connection] error code and message accessible via 
** [sqlite3_errcode()] and [sqlite3_errmsg()] and related functions. 
**
** ^If the [BLOB handle] passed as the first argument was not opened for
** writing (the flags parameter to [sqlite3_blob_open()] was zero),
** this function returns [SQLITE_READONLY].
**
** This function may only modify the contents of the BLOB; it is
** not possible to increase the size of a BLOB using this API.
** ^If offset iOffset is less than N bytes from the end of the BLOB,
** [SQLITE_ERROR] is returned and no data is written. The size of the 

** BLOB (and hence the maximum value of N+iOffset) can be determined 
** using the [sqlite3_blob_bytes()] interface. ^If N or iOffset are less 
** than zero [SQLITE_ERROR] is returned and no data is written.
**
** ^An attempt to write to an expired [BLOB handle] fails with an
** error code of [SQLITE_ABORT].  ^Writes to the BLOB that occurred
** before the [BLOB handle] expired are not rolled back by the
** expiration of the handle, though of course those changes might
** have been overwritten by the statement that expired the BLOB handle
** or by other independent statements.
**



** This routine only works on a [BLOB handle] which has been created
** by a prior successful call to [sqlite3_blob_open()] and which has not
** been closed by [sqlite3_blob_close()].  Passing any other pointer in
** to this routine results in undefined and probably undesirable behavior.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_blob_read()].
*/
................................................................................
** The SQLite core uses these routines for thread
** synchronization. Though they are intended for internal
** use by SQLite, code that links against SQLite is
** permitted to use any of these routines.
**
** The SQLite source code contains multiple implementations
** of these mutex routines.  An appropriate implementation
** is selected automatically at compile-time.  The following
** implementations are available in the SQLite core:
**
** <ul>
** <li>   SQLITE_MUTEX_PTHREADS
** <li>   SQLITE_MUTEX_W32
** <li>   SQLITE_MUTEX_NOOP
** </ul>
**
** The SQLITE_MUTEX_NOOP implementation is a set of routines
** that does no real locking and is appropriate for use in
** a single-threaded application.  The SQLITE_MUTEX_PTHREADS and
** SQLITE_MUTEX_W32 implementations are appropriate for use on Unix
** and Windows.
**
** If SQLite is compiled with the SQLITE_MUTEX_APPDEF preprocessor
** macro defined (with "-DSQLITE_MUTEX_APPDEF=1"), then no mutex
** implementation is included with the library. In this case the
** application must supply a custom mutex implementation using the
** [SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX] option of the sqlite3_config() function
** before calling sqlite3_initialize() or any other public sqlite3_
** function that calls sqlite3_initialize().
**
** ^The sqlite3_mutex_alloc() routine allocates a new
** mutex and returns a pointer to it. ^The sqlite3_mutex_alloc()
** routine returns NULL if it is unable to allocate the requested
** mutex.  The argument to sqlite3_mutex_alloc() must one of these
** integer constants:
**
** <ul>
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_OPEN
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PRNG
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PMEM
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP1
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP2
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP3
** </ul>
**
** ^The first two constants (SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST and SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE)
** cause sqlite3_mutex_alloc() to create
** a new mutex.  ^The new mutex is recursive when SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE
** is used but not necessarily so when SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST is used.
** The mutex implementation does not need to make a distinction
** between SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE and SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST if it does
** not want to.  SQLite will only request a recursive mutex in
** cases where it really needs one.  If a faster non-recursive mutex
** implementation is available on the host platform, the mutex subsystem
** might return such a mutex in response to SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST.
**
** ^The other allowed parameters to sqlite3_mutex_alloc() (anything other
** than SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST and SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE) each return
** a pointer to a static preexisting mutex.  ^Nine static mutexes are
** used by the current version of SQLite.  Future versions of SQLite
** may add additional static mutexes.  Static mutexes are for internal
** use by SQLite only.  Applications that use SQLite mutexes should
** use only the dynamic mutexes returned by SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST or
** SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE.
**
** ^Note that if one of the dynamic mutex parameters (SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST
** or SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE) is used then sqlite3_mutex_alloc()
** returns a different mutex on every call.  ^For the static
** mutex types, the same mutex is returned on every call that has
** the same type number.
**
** ^The sqlite3_mutex_free() routine deallocates a previously


** allocated dynamic mutex.  Attempting to deallocate a static
** mutex results in undefined behavior.

**
** ^The sqlite3_mutex_enter() and sqlite3_mutex_try() routines attempt
** to enter a mutex.  ^If another thread is already within the mutex,
** sqlite3_mutex_enter() will block and sqlite3_mutex_try() will return
** SQLITE_BUSY.  ^The sqlite3_mutex_try() interface returns [SQLITE_OK]
** upon successful entry.  ^(Mutexes created using
** SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE can be entered multiple times by the same thread.
** In such cases, the
** mutex must be exited an equal number of times before another thread
** can enter.)^  If the same thread tries to enter any mutex other
** than an SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE more than once, the behavior is undefined.


**
** ^(Some systems (for example, Windows 95) do not support the operation
** implemented by sqlite3_mutex_try().  On those systems, sqlite3_mutex_try()
** will always return SQLITE_BUSY. The SQLite core only ever uses
** sqlite3_mutex_try() as an optimization so this is acceptable 
** behavior.)^
**
** ^The sqlite3_mutex_leave() routine exits a mutex that was
** previously entered by the same thread.   The behavior
** is undefined if the mutex is not currently entered by the
** calling thread or is not currently allocated.

**
** ^If the argument to sqlite3_mutex_enter(), sqlite3_mutex_try(), or
** sqlite3_mutex_leave() is a NULL pointer, then all three routines
** behave as no-ops.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_mutex_held()] and [sqlite3_mutex_notheld()].
*/
................................................................................
/*
** CAPI3REF: Mutex Methods Object
**
** An instance of this structure defines the low-level routines
** used to allocate and use mutexes.
**
** Usually, the default mutex implementations provided by SQLite are
** sufficient, however the application has the option of substituting a custom
** implementation for specialized deployments or systems for which SQLite
** does not provide a suitable implementation. In this case, the application
** creates and populates an instance of this structure to pass
** to sqlite3_config() along with the [SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX] option.
** Additionally, an instance of this structure can be used as an
** output variable when querying the system for the current mutex
** implementation, using the [SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMUTEX] option.
**
** ^The xMutexInit method defined by this structure is invoked as
................................................................................
** above silently ignore any invocations that pass a NULL pointer instead
** of a valid mutex handle. The implementations of the methods defined
** by this structure are not required to handle this case, the results
** of passing a NULL pointer instead of a valid mutex handle are undefined
** (i.e. it is acceptable to provide an implementation that segfaults if
** it is passed a NULL pointer).
**
** The xMutexInit() method must be threadsafe.  It must be harmless to
** invoke xMutexInit() multiple times within the same process and without
** intervening calls to xMutexEnd().  Second and subsequent calls to
** xMutexInit() must be no-ops.
**
** xMutexInit() must not use SQLite memory allocation ([sqlite3_malloc()]
** and its associates).  Similarly, xMutexAlloc() must not use SQLite memory
** allocation for a static mutex.  ^However xMutexAlloc() may use SQLite
** memory allocation for a fast or recursive mutex.
**
** ^SQLite will invoke the xMutexEnd() method when [sqlite3_shutdown()] is
** called, but only if the prior call to xMutexInit returned SQLITE_OK.
** If xMutexInit fails in any way, it is expected to clean up after itself
** prior to returning.
................................................................................
  int (*xMutexNotheld)(sqlite3_mutex *);
};

/*
** CAPI3REF: Mutex Verification Routines
**
** The sqlite3_mutex_held() and sqlite3_mutex_notheld() routines
** are intended for use inside assert() statements.  The SQLite core
** never uses these routines except inside an assert() and applications
** are advised to follow the lead of the core.  The SQLite core only
** provides implementations for these routines when it is compiled
** with the SQLITE_DEBUG flag.  External mutex implementations
** are only required to provide these routines if SQLITE_DEBUG is
** defined and if NDEBUG is not defined.
**
** These routines should return true if the mutex in their argument
** is held or not held, respectively, by the calling thread.
**
** The implementation is not required to provide versions of these
** routines that actually work. If the implementation does not provide working
** versions of these routines, it should at least provide stubs that always
** return true so that one does not get spurious assertion failures.
**
** If the argument to sqlite3_mutex_held() is a NULL pointer then
** the routine should return 1.   This seems counter-intuitive since
** clearly the mutex cannot be held if it does not exist.  But
** the reason the mutex does not exist is because the build is not
** using mutexes.  And we do not want the assert() containing the
** call to sqlite3_mutex_held() to fail, so a non-zero return is
** the appropriate thing to do.  The sqlite3_mutex_notheld()
** interface should also return 1 when given a NULL pointer.
*/
#ifndef NDEBUG
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_mutex_held(sqlite3_mutex*);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_mutex_notheld(sqlite3_mutex*);
#endif

................................................................................
** an [ATTACH] statement for an attached database.
** ^The S and M arguments passed to 
** sqlite3_backup_init(D,N,S,M) identify the [database connection]
** and database name of the source database, respectively.
** ^The source and destination [database connections] (parameters S and D)
** must be different or else sqlite3_backup_init(D,N,S,M) will fail with
** an error.
**
** ^A call to sqlite3_backup_init() will fail, returning SQLITE_ERROR, if 
** there is already a read or read-write transaction open on the 
** destination database.
**
** ^If an error occurs within sqlite3_backup_init(D,N,S,M), then NULL is
** returned and an error code and error message are stored in the
** destination [database connection] D.
** ^The error code and message for the failed call to sqlite3_backup_init()
** can be retrieved using the [sqlite3_errcode()], [sqlite3_errmsg()], and/or
** [sqlite3_errmsg16()] functions.
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_log(int iErrCode, const char *zFormat, ...);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Write-Ahead Log Commit Hook
**
** ^The [sqlite3_wal_hook()] function is used to register a callback that
** is invoked each time data is committed to a database in wal mode.


**
** ^(The callback is invoked by SQLite after the commit has taken place and 
** the associated write-lock on the database released)^, so the implementation 
** may read, write or [checkpoint] the database as required.
**
** ^The first parameter passed to the callback function when it is invoked
** is a copy of the third parameter passed to sqlite3_wal_hook() when
** registering the callback. ^The second is a copy of the database handle.
** ^The third parameter is the name of the database that was written to -
** either "main" or the name of an [ATTACH]-ed database. ^The fourth parameter
................................................................................
** for a particular application.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_wal_autocheckpoint(sqlite3 *db, int N);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Checkpoint a database
**
** ^(The sqlite3_wal_checkpoint(D,X) is equivalent to
** [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2](D,X,[SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE],0,0).)^
**
** In brief, sqlite3_wal_checkpoint(D,X) causes the content in the 
** [write-ahead log] for database X on [database connection] D to be
** transferred into the database file and for the write-ahead log to
** be reset.  See the [checkpointing] documentation for addition
** information.
**
** This interface used to be the only way to cause a checkpoint to
** occur.  But then the newer and more powerful [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2()]
** interface was added.  This interface is retained for backwards
** compatibility and as a convenience for applications that need to manually
** start a callback but which do not need the full power (and corresponding
** complication) of [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2()].

*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_wal_checkpoint(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDb);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Checkpoint a database
**
** ^(The sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2(D,X,M,L,C) interface runs a checkpoint
** operation on database X of [database connection] D in mode M.  Status
** information is written back into integers pointed to by L and C.)^
** ^(The M parameter must be a valid [checkpoint mode]:)^
**
** <dl>
** <dt>SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE<dd>
**   ^Checkpoint as many frames as possible without waiting for any database 
**   readers or writers to finish, then sync the database file if all frames 
**   in the log were checkpointed. ^The [busy-handler callback]

**   is never invoked in the SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE mode.  
**   ^On the other hand, passive mode might leave the checkpoint unfinished
**   if there are concurrent readers or writers.
**
** <dt>SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL<dd>
**   ^This mode blocks (it invokes the
**   [sqlite3_busy_handler|busy-handler callback]) until there is no
**   database writer and all readers are reading from the most recent database
**   snapshot. ^It then checkpoints all frames in the log file and syncs the

**   database file. ^This mode blocks new database writers while it is pending,
**   but new database readers are allowed to continue unimpeded.
**
** <dt>SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_RESTART<dd>
**   ^This mode works the same way as SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL with the addition
**   that after checkpointing the log file it blocks (calls the 
**   [busy-handler callback])
**   until all readers are reading from the database file only. ^This ensures 

**   that the next writer will restart the log file from the beginning.
**   ^Like SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL, this mode blocks new
**   database writer attempts while it is pending, but does not impede readers.
**
** <dt>SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_TRUNCATE<dd>
**   ^This mode works the same way as SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_RESTART with the
**   addition that it also truncates the log file to zero bytes just prior
**   to a successful return.
** </dl>
**
** ^If pnLog is not NULL, then *pnLog is set to the total number of frames in

** the log file or to -1 if the checkpoint could not run because
** of an error or because the database is not in [WAL mode]. ^If pnCkpt is not
** NULL,then *pnCkpt is set to the total number of checkpointed frames in the




** log file (including any that were already checkpointed before the function
** was called) or to -1 if the checkpoint could not run due to an error or
** because the database is not in WAL mode. ^Note that upon successful
** completion of an SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_TRUNCATE, the log file will have been
** truncated to zero bytes and so both *pnLog and *pnCkpt will be set to zero.
**
** ^All calls obtain an exclusive "checkpoint" lock on the database file. ^If
** any other process is running a checkpoint operation at the same time, the 
** lock cannot be obtained and SQLITE_BUSY is returned. ^Even if there is a 
** busy-handler configured, it will not be invoked in this case.
**

** ^The SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL, RESTART and TRUNCATE modes also obtain the 
** exclusive "writer" lock on the database file. ^If the writer lock cannot be
** obtained immediately, and a busy-handler is configured, it is invoked and
** the writer lock retried until either the busy-handler returns 0 or the lock
** is successfully obtained. ^The busy-handler is also invoked while waiting for
** database readers as described above. ^If the busy-handler returns 0 before
** the writer lock is obtained or while waiting for database readers, the
** checkpoint operation proceeds from that point in the same way as 
** SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE - checkpointing as many frames as possible 
** without blocking any further. ^SQLITE_BUSY is returned in this case.
**
** ^If parameter zDb is NULL or points to a zero length string, then the
** specified operation is attempted on all WAL databases [attached] to 
** [database connection] db.  In this case the
** values written to output parameters *pnLog and *pnCkpt are undefined. ^If 
** an SQLITE_BUSY error is encountered when processing one or more of the 
** attached WAL databases, the operation is still attempted on any remaining 
** attached databases and SQLITE_BUSY is returned at the end. ^If any other 
** error occurs while processing an attached database, processing is abandoned 
** and the error code is returned to the caller immediately. ^If no error 
** (SQLITE_BUSY or otherwise) is encountered while processing the attached 
** databases, SQLITE_OK is returned.
**
** ^If database zDb is the name of an attached database that is not in WAL
** mode, SQLITE_OK is returned and both *pnLog and *pnCkpt set to -1. ^If
** zDb is not NULL (or a zero length string) and is not the name of any
** attached database, SQLITE_ERROR is returned to the caller.
**
** ^Unless it returns SQLITE_MISUSE,
** the sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2() interface
** sets the error information that is queried by
** [sqlite3_errcode()] and [sqlite3_errmsg()].
**
** ^The [PRAGMA wal_checkpoint] command can be used to invoke this interface
** from SQL.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2(
  sqlite3 *db,                    /* Database handle */
  const char *zDb,                /* Name of attached database (or NULL) */
  int eMode,                      /* SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_* value */
  int *pnLog,                     /* OUT: Size of WAL log in frames */
  int *pnCkpt                     /* OUT: Total number of frames checkpointed */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Checkpoint Mode Values
** KEYWORDS: {checkpoint mode}
**

** These constants define all valid values for the "checkpoint mode" passed
** as the third parameter to the [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2()] interface.
** See the [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2()] documentation for details on the


** meaning of each of these checkpoint modes.
*/
#define SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE  0  /* Do as much as possible w/o blocking */
#define SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL     1  /* Wait for writers, then checkpoint */
#define SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_RESTART  2  /* Like FULL but wait for for readers */
#define SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_TRUNCATE 3  /* Like RESTART but also truncate WAL */

/*
** CAPI3REF: Virtual Table Interface Configuration
**
** This function may be called by either the [xConnect] or [xCreate] method
** of a [virtual table] implementation to configure
** various facets of the virtual table interface.
................................................................................
*/
#define SQLITE_ROLLBACK 1
/* #define SQLITE_IGNORE 2 // Also used by sqlite3_authorizer() callback */
#define SQLITE_FAIL     3
/* #define SQLITE_ABORT 4  // Also an error code */
#define SQLITE_REPLACE  5

/*
** CAPI3REF: Prepared Statement Scan Status Opcodes
** KEYWORDS: {scanstatus options}
**
** The following constants can be used for the T parameter to the
** [sqlite3_stmt_scanstatus(S,X,T,V)] interface.  Each constant designates a
** different metric for sqlite3_stmt_scanstatus() to return.
**
** When the value returned to V is a string, space to hold that string is
** managed by the prepared statement S and will be automatically freed when
** S is finalized.
**
** <dl>
** [[SQLITE_SCANSTAT_NLOOP]] <dt>SQLITE_SCANSTAT_NLOOP</dt>
** <dd>^The [sqlite3_int64] variable pointed to by the T parameter will be
** set to the total number of times that the X-th loop has run.</dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_SCANSTAT_NVISIT]] <dt>SQLITE_SCANSTAT_NVISIT</dt>
** <dd>^The [sqlite3_int64] variable pointed to by the T parameter will be set
** to the total number of rows examined by all iterations of the X-th loop.</dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_SCANSTAT_EST]] <dt>SQLITE_SCANSTAT_EST</dt>
** <dd>^The "double" variable pointed to by the T parameter will be set to the
** query planner's estimate for the average number of rows output from each
** iteration of the X-th loop.  If the query planner's estimates was accurate,
** then this value will approximate the quotient NVISIT/NLOOP and the
** product of this value for all prior loops with the same SELECTID will
** be the NLOOP value for the current loop.
**
** [[SQLITE_SCANSTAT_NAME]] <dt>SQLITE_SCANSTAT_NAME</dt>
** <dd>^The "const char *" variable pointed to by the T parameter will be set
** to a zero-terminated UTF-8 string containing the name of the index or table
** used for the X-th loop.
**
** [[SQLITE_SCANSTAT_EXPLAIN]] <dt>SQLITE_SCANSTAT_EXPLAIN</dt>
** <dd>^The "const char *" variable pointed to by the T parameter will be set
** to a zero-terminated UTF-8 string containing the [EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN]
** description for the X-th loop.
**
** [[SQLITE_SCANSTAT_SELECTID]] <dt>SQLITE_SCANSTAT_SELECT</dt>
** <dd>^The "int" variable pointed to by the T parameter will be set to the
** "select-id" for the X-th loop.  The select-id identifies which query or
** subquery the loop is part of.  The main query has a select-id of zero.
** The select-id is the same value as is output in the first column
** of an [EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN] query.
** </dl>
*/
#define SQLITE_SCANSTAT_NLOOP    0
#define SQLITE_SCANSTAT_NVISIT   1
#define SQLITE_SCANSTAT_EST      2
#define SQLITE_SCANSTAT_NAME     3
#define SQLITE_SCANSTAT_EXPLAIN  4
#define SQLITE_SCANSTAT_SELECTID 5

/*
** CAPI3REF: Prepared Statement Scan Status
**
** This interface returns information about the predicted and measured
** performance for pStmt.  Advanced applications can use this
** interface to compare the predicted and the measured performance and
** issue warnings and/or rerun [ANALYZE] if discrepancies are found.
**
** Since this interface is expected to be rarely used, it is only
** available if SQLite is compiled using the [SQLITE_ENABLE_STMT_SCANSTATUS]
** compile-time option.
**
** The "iScanStatusOp" parameter determines which status information to return.
** The "iScanStatusOp" must be one of the [scanstatus options] or the behavior
** of this interface is undefined.
** ^The requested measurement is written into a variable pointed to by
** the "pOut" parameter.
** Parameter "idx" identifies the specific loop to retrieve statistics for.
** Loops are numbered starting from zero. ^If idx is out of range - less than
** zero or greater than or equal to the total number of loops used to implement
** the statement - a non-zero value is returned and the variable that pOut
** points to is unchanged.
**
** ^Statistics might not be available for all loops in all statements. ^In cases
** where there exist loops with no available statistics, this function behaves
** as if the loop did not exist - it returns non-zero and leave the variable
** that pOut points to unchanged.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_stmt_scanstatus_reset()]
*/
SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL int sqlite3_stmt_scanstatus(
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt,      /* Prepared statement for which info desired */
  int idx,                  /* Index of loop to report on */
  int iScanStatusOp,        /* Information desired.  SQLITE_SCANSTAT_* */
  void *pOut                /* Result written here */
);     

/*
** CAPI3REF: Zero Scan-Status Counters
**
** ^Zero all [sqlite3_stmt_scanstatus()] related event counters.
**
** This API is only available if the library is built with pre-processor
** symbol [SQLITE_ENABLE_STMT_SCANSTATUS] defined.
*/
SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL void sqlite3_stmt_scanstatus_reset(sqlite3_stmt*);


/*
** Undo the hack that converts floating point types to integer for
** builds on processors without floating point support.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
................................................................................
** the -DSQLITE_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE=0 command-line option.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE
# define SQLITE_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE 1
#endif

/*
** EVIDENCE-OF: R-25715-37072 Memory allocation statistics are enabled by
** default unless SQLite is compiled with SQLITE_DEFAULT_MEMSTATUS=0 in
** which case memory allocation statistics are disabled by default.

*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_DEFAULT_MEMSTATUS)
# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_MEMSTATUS 1
#endif

/*
** Exactly one of the following macros must be defined in order to
................................................................................

/*
** Estimated quantities used for query planning are stored as 16-bit
** logarithms.  For quantity X, the value stored is 10*log2(X).  This
** gives a possible range of values of approximately 1.0e986 to 1e-986.
** But the allowed values are "grainy".  Not every value is representable.
** For example, quantities 16 and 17 are both represented by a LogEst
** of 40.  However, since LogEst quantities are suppose to be estimates,
** not exact values, this imprecision is not a problem.
**
** "LogEst" is short for "Logarithmic Estimate".
**
** Examples:
**      1 -> 0              20 -> 43          10000 -> 132
**      2 -> 10             25 -> 46          25000 -> 146
................................................................................
*/
#ifndef _BTREE_H_
#define _BTREE_H_

/* TODO: This definition is just included so other modules compile. It
** needs to be revisited.
*/
#define SQLITE_N_BTREE_META 16

/*
** If defined as non-zero, auto-vacuum is enabled by default. Otherwise
** it must be turned on for each database using "PRAGMA auto_vacuum = 1".
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_AUTOVACUUM
  #define SQLITE_DEFAULT_AUTOVACUUM 0
................................................................................
** SQLite database header may be found using the following formula:
**
**   offset = 36 + (idx * 4)
**
** For example, the free-page-count field is located at byte offset 36 of
** the database file header. The incr-vacuum-flag field is located at
** byte offset 64 (== 36+4*7).
**
** The BTREE_DATA_VERSION value is not really a value stored in the header.
** It is a read-only number computed by the pager.  But we merge it with
** the header value access routines since its access pattern is the same.
** Call it a "virtual meta value".
*/
#define BTREE_FREE_PAGE_COUNT     0
#define BTREE_SCHEMA_VERSION      1
#define BTREE_FILE_FORMAT         2
#define BTREE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE  3
#define BTREE_LARGEST_ROOT_PAGE   4
#define BTREE_TEXT_ENCODING       5
#define BTREE_USER_VERSION        6
#define BTREE_INCR_VACUUM         7
#define BTREE_APPLICATION_ID      8
#define BTREE_DATA_VERSION        15  /* A virtual meta-value */

/*
** Values that may be OR'd together to form the second argument of an
** sqlite3BtreeCursorHints() call.
*/
#define BTREE_BULKLOAD 0x00000001

................................................................................

SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreePutData(BtCursor*, u32 offset, u32 amt, void*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeIncrblobCursor(BtCursor *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeClearCursor(BtCursor *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeSetVersion(Btree *pBt, int iVersion);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeCursorHints(BtCursor *, unsigned int mask);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeIsReadonly(Btree *pBt);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3HeaderSizeBtree(void);

#ifndef NDEBUG
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCursorIsValid(BtCursor*);
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BTREECOUNT
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCount(BtCursor *, i64 *);
................................................................................
# define VdbeCoverage(v)
# define VdbeCoverageIf(v,x)
# define VdbeCoverageAlwaysTaken(v)
# define VdbeCoverageNeverTaken(v)
# define VDBE_OFFSET_LINENO(x) 0
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STMT_SCANSTATUS
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeScanStatus(Vdbe*, int, int, int, LogEst, const char*);
#else
# define sqlite3VdbeScanStatus(a,b,c,d,e)
#endif

#endif

/************** End of vdbe.h ************************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in sqliteInt.h ******************/
/************** Include pager.h in the middle of sqliteInt.h *****************/
/************** Begin file pager.h *******************************************/
/*
................................................................................

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_ZIPVFS
SQLITE_PRIVATE   int sqlite3PagerWalFramesize(Pager *pPager);
#endif

/* Functions used to query pager state and configuration. */
SQLITE_PRIVATE u8 sqlite3PagerIsreadonly(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3PagerDataVersion(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerRefcount(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerMemUsed(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE const char *sqlite3PagerFilename(Pager*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE const sqlite3_vfs *sqlite3PagerVfs(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3_file *sqlite3PagerFile(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE const char *sqlite3PagerJournalname(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerNosync(Pager*);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerIsMemdb(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerCacheStat(Pager *, int, int, int *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerClearCache(Pager *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3SectorSize(sqlite3_file *);

/* Functions used to truncate the database file. */
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerTruncateImage(Pager*,Pgno);

SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerRekey(DbPage*, Pgno, u16);

#if defined(SQLITE_HAS_CODEC) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL)
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3PagerCodec(DbPage *);
#endif

/* Functions to support testing and debugging. */
#if !defined(NDEBUG) || defined(SQLITE_TEST)
................................................................................

#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PcacheStats(int*,int*,int*,int*);
#endif

SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PCacheSetDefault(void);

/* Return the header size */
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3HeaderSizePcache(void);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3HeaderSizePcache1(void);

#endif /* _PCACHE_H_ */

/************** End of pcache.h **********************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in sqliteInt.h ******************/

/************** Include os.h in the middle of sqliteInt.h ********************/
/************** Begin file os.h **********************************************/
................................................................................
  int flags;                    /* Miscellaneous flags. See below */
  i64 lastRowid;                /* ROWID of most recent insert (see above) */
  i64 szMmap;                   /* Default mmap_size setting */
  unsigned int openFlags;       /* Flags passed to sqlite3_vfs.xOpen() */
  int errCode;                  /* Most recent error code (SQLITE_*) */
  int errMask;                  /* & result codes with this before returning */
  u16 dbOptFlags;               /* Flags to enable/disable optimizations */
  u8 enc;                       /* Text encoding */
  u8 autoCommit;                /* The auto-commit flag. */
  u8 temp_store;                /* 1: file 2: memory 0: default */
  u8 mallocFailed;              /* True if we have seen a malloc failure */
  u8 dfltLockMode;              /* Default locking-mode for attached dbs */
  signed char nextAutovac;      /* Autovac setting after VACUUM if >=0 */
  u8 suppressErr;               /* Do not issue error messages if true */
  u8 vtabOnConflict;            /* Value to return for s3_vtab_on_conflict() */
................................................................................
  sqlite3_userauth auth;        /* User authentication information */
#endif
};

/*
** A macro to discover the encoding of a database.
*/
#define SCHEMA_ENC(db) ((db)->aDb[0].pSchema->enc)
#define ENC(db)        ((db)->enc)

/*
** Possible values for the sqlite3.flags.
*/
#define SQLITE_VdbeTrace      0x00000001  /* True to trace VDBE execution */
#define SQLITE_InternChanges  0x00000002  /* Uncommitted Hash table changes */
#define SQLITE_FullFSync      0x00000004  /* Use full fsync on the backend */
................................................................................
/*                not used    0x0010   // Was: SQLITE_IdxRealAsInt */
#define SQLITE_DistinctOpt    0x0020   /* DISTINCT using indexes */
#define SQLITE_CoverIdxScan   0x0040   /* Covering index scans */
#define SQLITE_OrderByIdxJoin 0x0080   /* ORDER BY of joins via index */
#define SQLITE_SubqCoroutine  0x0100   /* Evaluate subqueries as coroutines */
#define SQLITE_Transitive     0x0200   /* Transitive constraints */
#define SQLITE_OmitNoopJoin   0x0400   /* Omit unused tables in joins */
#define SQLITE_Stat34         0x0800   /* Use STAT3 or STAT4 data */
#define SQLITE_AllOpts        0xffff   /* All optimizations */

/*
** Macros for testing whether or not optimizations are enabled or disabled.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST
#define OptimizationDisabled(db, mask)  (((db)->dbOptFlags&(mask))!=0)
................................................................................
  Table *pTable;           /* The SQL table being indexed */
  char *zColAff;           /* String defining the affinity of each column */
  Index *pNext;            /* The next index associated with the same table */
  Schema *pSchema;         /* Schema containing this index */
  u8 *aSortOrder;          /* for each column: True==DESC, False==ASC */
  char **azColl;           /* Array of collation sequence names for index */
  Expr *pPartIdxWhere;     /* WHERE clause for partial indices */

  int tnum;                /* DB Page containing root of this index */
  LogEst szIdxRow;         /* Estimated average row size in bytes */
  u16 nKeyCol;             /* Number of columns forming the key */
  u16 nColumn;             /* Number of columns stored in the index */
  u8 onError;              /* OE_Abort, OE_Ignore, OE_Replace, or OE_None */
  unsigned idxType:2;      /* 1==UNIQUE, 2==PRIMARY KEY, 0==CREATE INDEX */
  unsigned bUnordered:1;   /* Use this index for == or IN queries only */
  unsigned uniqNotNull:1;  /* True if UNIQUE and NOT NULL for all columns */
  unsigned isResized:1;    /* True if resizeIndexObject() has been called */
  unsigned isCovering:1;   /* True if this is a covering index */
  unsigned noSkipScan:1;   /* Do not try to use skip-scan if true */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  int nSample;             /* Number of elements in aSample[] */
  int nSampleCol;          /* Size of IndexSample.anEq[] and so on */
  tRowcnt *aAvgEq;         /* Average nEq values for keys not in aSample */
  IndexSample *aSample;    /* Samples of the left-most key */
  tRowcnt *aiRowEst;       /* Non-logarithmic stat1 data for this index */
  tRowcnt nRowEst0;        /* Non-logarithmic number of rows in the index */
#endif
};

/*
** Allowed values for Index.idxType
*/
#define SQLITE_IDXTYPE_APPDEF      0   /* Created using CREATE INDEX */
................................................................................

#if SQLITE_MAX_EXPR_DEPTH>0
  int nHeight;           /* Height of the tree headed by this node */
#endif
  int iTable;            /* TK_COLUMN: cursor number of table holding column
                         ** TK_REGISTER: register number
                         ** TK_TRIGGER: 1 -> new, 0 -> old
                         ** EP_Unlikely:  134217728 times likelihood */
  ynVar iColumn;         /* TK_COLUMN: column index.  -1 for rowid.
                         ** TK_VARIABLE: variable number (always >= 1). */
  i16 iAgg;              /* Which entry in pAggInfo->aCol[] or ->aFunc[] */
  i16 iRightJoinTable;   /* If EP_FromJoin, the right table of the join */
  u8 op2;                /* TK_REGISTER: original value of Expr.op
                         ** TK_COLUMN: the value of p5 for OP_Column
                         ** TK_AGG_FUNCTION: nesting depth */
................................................................................
#define SF_Resolved        0x0002  /* Identifiers have been resolved */
#define SF_Aggregate       0x0004  /* Contains aggregate functions */
#define SF_UsesEphemeral   0x0008  /* Uses the OpenEphemeral opcode */
#define SF_Expanded        0x0010  /* sqlite3SelectExpand() called on this */
#define SF_HasTypeInfo     0x0020  /* FROM subqueries have Table metadata */
#define SF_Compound        0x0040  /* Part of a compound query */
#define SF_Values          0x0080  /* Synthesized from VALUES clause */
#define SF_AllValues       0x0100  /* All terms of compound are VALUES */
#define SF_NestedFrom      0x0200  /* Part of a parenthesized FROM clause */
#define SF_MaybeConvert    0x0400  /* Need convertCompoundSelectToSubquery() */
#define SF_Recursive       0x0800  /* The recursive part of a recursive CTE */
#define SF_MinMaxAgg       0x1000  /* Aggregate containing min() or max() */


/*
................................................................................
  int szScratch;                    /* Size of each scratch buffer */
  int nScratch;                     /* Number of scratch buffers */
  void *pPage;                      /* Page cache memory */
  int szPage;                       /* Size of each page in pPage[] */
  int nPage;                        /* Number of pages in pPage[] */
  int mxParserStack;                /* maximum depth of the parser stack */
  int sharedCacheEnabled;           /* true if shared-cache mode enabled */
  u32 szPma;                        /* Maximum Sorter PMA size */
  /* The above might be initialized to non-zero.  The following need to always
  ** initially be zero, however. */
  int isInit;                       /* True after initialization has finished */
  int inProgress;                   /* True while initialization in progress */
  int isMutexInit;                  /* True after mutexes are initialized */
  int isMallocInit;                 /* True after malloc is initialized */
  int isPCacheInit;                 /* True after malloc is initialized */
................................................................................
*/
struct Walker {
  int (*xExprCallback)(Walker*, Expr*);     /* Callback for expressions */
  int (*xSelectCallback)(Walker*,Select*);  /* Callback for SELECTs */
  void (*xSelectCallback2)(Walker*,Select*);/* Second callback for SELECTs */
  Parse *pParse;                            /* Parser context.  */
  int walkerDepth;                          /* Number of subqueries */
  u8 eCode;                                 /* A small processing code */
  union {                                   /* Extra data for callback */
    NameContext *pNC;                          /* Naming context */
    int n;                                     /* A counter */
    int iCur;                                  /* A cursor number */
    SrcList *pSrcList;                         /* FROM clause */
    struct SrcCount *pSrcCount;                /* Counting column references */
  } u;
};

/* Forward declarations */
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WalkExpr(Walker*, Expr*);
................................................................................

/*
** FTS4 is really an extension for FTS3.  It is enabled using the
** SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3 macro.  But to avoid confusion we also call
** the SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS4 macro to serve as an alias for SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3.
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS4) && !defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3)
# define SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3 1
#endif

/*
** The ctype.h header is needed for non-ASCII systems.  It is also
** needed by FTS3 when FTS3 is included in the amalgamation.
*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_ASCII) || \
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3RollbackTransaction(Parse*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Savepoint(Parse*, int, Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CloseSavepoints(sqlite3 *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3LeaveMutexAndCloseZombie(sqlite3*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprIsConstant(Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprIsConstantNotJoin(Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprIsConstantOrFunction(Expr*, u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprIsTableConstant(Expr*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprIsInteger(Expr*, int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprCanBeNull(const Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprNeedsNoAffinityChange(const Expr*, char);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IsRowid(const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3GenerateRowDelete(Parse*,Table*,Trigger*,int,int,int,i16,u8,u8,u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3GenerateRowIndexDelete(Parse*, Table*, int, int, int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3GenerateIndexKey(Parse*, Index*, int, int, int, int*,Index*,int);
................................................................................
** If the SQLITE_ENABLE IOTRACE exists then the global variable
** sqlite3IoTrace is a pointer to a printf-like routine used to
** print I/O tracing messages. 
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_IOTRACE
# define IOTRACE(A)  if( sqlite3IoTrace ){ sqlite3IoTrace A; }
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3VdbeIOTraceSql(Vdbe*);
void (*sqlite3IoTrace)(const char*,...);
#else
# define IOTRACE(A)
# define sqlite3VdbeIOTraceSql(X)
#endif

/*
** These routines are available for the mem2.c debugging memory allocator
................................................................................

/* EVIDENCE-OF: R-02982-34736 In order to maintain full backwards
** compatibility for legacy applications, the URI filename capability is
** disabled by default.
**
** EVIDENCE-OF: R-38799-08373 URI filenames can be enabled or disabled
** using the SQLITE_USE_URI=1 or SQLITE_USE_URI=0 compile-time options.
**
** EVIDENCE-OF: R-43642-56306 By default, URI handling is globally
** disabled. The default value may be changed by compiling with the
** SQLITE_USE_URI symbol defined.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_USE_URI
# define  SQLITE_USE_URI 0
#endif

/* EVIDENCE-OF: R-38720-18127 The default setting is determined by the
** SQLITE_ALLOW_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN compile-time option, or is "on" if
** that compile-time option is omitted.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_ALLOW_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN
# define SQLITE_ALLOW_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN 1
#endif

/* The minimum PMA size is set to this value multiplied by the database
** page size in bytes.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_SORTER_PMASZ
# define SQLITE_SORTER_PMASZ 250
#endif

/*
** The following singleton contains the global configuration for
** the SQLite library.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE SQLITE_WSD struct Sqlite3Config sqlite3Config = {
   SQLITE_DEFAULT_MEMSTATUS,  /* bMemstat */
................................................................................
   0,                         /* szScratch */
   0,                         /* nScratch */
   (void*)0,                  /* pPage */
   0,                         /* szPage */
   0,                         /* nPage */
   0,                         /* mxParserStack */
   0,                         /* sharedCacheEnabled */
   SQLITE_SORTER_PMASZ,       /* szPma */
   /* All the rest should always be initialized to zero */
   0,                         /* isInit */
   0,                         /* inProgress */
   0,                         /* isMutexInit */
   0,                         /* isMallocInit */
   0,                         /* isPCacheInit */
   0,                         /* nRefInitMutex */
................................................................................
** a different position in the file.  This allows code that has to
** deal with the pending byte to run on files that are much smaller
** than 1 GiB.  The sqlite3_test_control() interface can be used to
** move the pending byte.
**
** IMPORTANT:  Changing the pending byte to any value other than
** 0x40000000 results in an incompatible database file format!
** Changing the pending byte during operation will result in undefined
** and incorrect behavior.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WSD
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PendingByte = 0x40000000;
#endif

/*
** Properties of opcodes.  The OPFLG_INITIALIZER macro is
................................................................................
static const char * const azCompileOpt[] = {

/* These macros are provided to "stringify" the value of the define
** for those options in which the value is meaningful. */
#define CTIMEOPT_VAL_(opt) #opt
#define CTIMEOPT_VAL(opt) CTIMEOPT_VAL_(opt)

#if SQLITE_32BIT_ROWID
  "32BIT_ROWID",
#endif
#if SQLITE_4_BYTE_ALIGNED_MALLOC
  "4_BYTE_ALIGNED_MALLOC",
#endif
#if SQLITE_CASE_SENSITIVE_LIKE
  "CASE_SENSITIVE_LIKE",
#endif
#if SQLITE_CHECK_PAGES
  "CHECK_PAGES",
#endif
#if SQLITE_COVERAGE_TEST
  "COVERAGE_TEST",
#endif
#if SQLITE_DEBUG
  "DEBUG",
#endif
#if SQLITE_DEFAULT_LOCKING_MODE
  "DEFAULT_LOCKING_MODE=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_DEFAULT_LOCKING_MODE),
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_DEFAULT_MMAP_SIZE) && !defined(SQLITE_DEFAULT_MMAP_SIZE_xc)
  "DEFAULT_MMAP_SIZE=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_DEFAULT_MMAP_SIZE),
#endif
#if SQLITE_DISABLE_DIRSYNC
  "DISABLE_DIRSYNC",
#endif
#if SQLITE_DISABLE_LFS
  "DISABLE_LFS",
#endif
#if SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  "ENABLE_API_ARMOR",
#endif
#if SQLITE_ENABLE_ATOMIC_WRITE
  "ENABLE_ATOMIC_WRITE",
#endif
#if SQLITE_ENABLE_CEROD
  "ENABLE_CEROD",
#endif
#if SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA
  "ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA",
#endif
#if SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPENSIVE_ASSERT
  "ENABLE_EXPENSIVE_ASSERT",
#endif
#if SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS1
  "ENABLE_FTS1",
#endif
#if SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS2
  "ENABLE_FTS2",
#endif
#if SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3
  "ENABLE_FTS3",
#endif
#if SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3_PARENTHESIS
  "ENABLE_FTS3_PARENTHESIS",
#endif
#if SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS4
  "ENABLE_FTS4",
#endif
#if SQLITE_ENABLE_ICU
  "ENABLE_ICU",
#endif
#if SQLITE_ENABLE_IOTRACE
  "ENABLE_IOTRACE",
#endif
#if SQLITE_ENABLE_LOAD_EXTENSION
  "ENABLE_LOAD_EXTENSION",
#endif
#if SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE
  "ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE),
#endif
#if SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT
  "ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT",
#endif
#if SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS3
  "ENABLE_MEMSYS3",
#endif
#if SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS5
  "ENABLE_MEMSYS5",
#endif
#if SQLITE_ENABLE_OVERSIZE_CELL_CHECK
  "ENABLE_OVERSIZE_CELL_CHECK",
#endif
#if SQLITE_ENABLE_RTREE
  "ENABLE_RTREE",
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4)
  "ENABLE_STAT4",
#elif defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3)
  "ENABLE_STAT3",
#endif
#if SQLITE_ENABLE_UNLOCK_NOTIFY
  "ENABLE_UNLOCK_NOTIFY",
#endif
#if SQLITE_ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT
  "ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT",
#endif
#if SQLITE_HAS_CODEC
  "HAS_CODEC",
#endif
#if HAVE_ISNAN || SQLITE_HAVE_ISNAN
  "HAVE_ISNAN",
#endif
#if SQLITE_HOMEGROWN_RECURSIVE_MUTEX
  "HOMEGROWN_RECURSIVE_MUTEX",
#endif
#if SQLITE_IGNORE_AFP_LOCK_ERRORS
  "IGNORE_AFP_LOCK_ERRORS",
#endif
#if SQLITE_IGNORE_FLOCK_LOCK_ERRORS
  "IGNORE_FLOCK_LOCK_ERRORS",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_INT64_TYPE
  "INT64_TYPE",
#endif
#if SQLITE_LOCK_TRACE
  "LOCK_TRACE",
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE) && !defined(SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE_xc)
  "MAX_MMAP_SIZE=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE),
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_MAX_SCHEMA_RETRY
  "MAX_SCHEMA_RETRY=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_MAX_SCHEMA_RETRY),
#endif
#if SQLITE_MEMDEBUG
  "MEMDEBUG",
#endif
#if SQLITE_MIXED_ENDIAN_64BIT_FLOAT
  "MIXED_ENDIAN_64BIT_FLOAT",
#endif
#if SQLITE_NO_SYNC
  "NO_SYNC",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_ALTERTABLE
  "OMIT_ALTERTABLE",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_ANALYZE
  "OMIT_ANALYZE",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_ATTACH
  "OMIT_ATTACH",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
  "OMIT_AUTHORIZATION",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT
  "OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINIT
  "OMIT_AUTOINIT",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOMATIC_INDEX
  "OMIT_AUTOMATIC_INDEX",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_AUTORESET
  "OMIT_AUTORESET",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
  "OMIT_AUTOVACUUM",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_BETWEEN_OPTIMIZATION
  "OMIT_BETWEEN_OPTIMIZATION",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_BLOB_LITERAL
  "OMIT_BLOB_LITERAL",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_BTREECOUNT
  "OMIT_BTREECOUNT",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST
  "OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
  "OMIT_CAST",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK
  "OMIT_CHECK",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_COMPLETE
  "OMIT_COMPLETE",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT
  "OMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_CTE
  "OMIT_CTE",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_DATETIME_FUNCS
  "OMIT_DATETIME_FUNCS",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_DECLTYPE
  "OMIT_DECLTYPE",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_DEPRECATED
  "OMIT_DEPRECATED",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_DISKIO
  "OMIT_DISKIO",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
  "OMIT_EXPLAIN",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_FLAG_PRAGMAS
  "OMIT_FLAG_PRAGMAS",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
  "OMIT_FLOATING_POINT",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
  "OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_GET_TABLE
  "OMIT_GET_TABLE",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_INCRBLOB
  "OMIT_INCRBLOB",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_INTEGRITY_CHECK
  "OMIT_INTEGRITY_CHECK",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_LIKE_OPTIMIZATION
  "OMIT_LIKE_OPTIMIZATION",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION
  "OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_LOCALTIME
  "OMIT_LOCALTIME",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_LOOKASIDE
  "OMIT_LOOKASIDE",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_MEMORYDB
  "OMIT_MEMORYDB",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_OR_OPTIMIZATION
  "OMIT_OR_OPTIMIZATION",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS
  "OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_PRAGMA
  "OMIT_PRAGMA",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_PROGRESS_CALLBACK
  "OMIT_PROGRESS_CALLBACK",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_QUICKBALANCE
  "OMIT_QUICKBALANCE",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_REINDEX
  "OMIT_REINDEX",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_SCHEMA_PRAGMAS
  "OMIT_SCHEMA_PRAGMAS",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_SCHEMA_VERSION_PRAGMAS
  "OMIT_SCHEMA_VERSION_PRAGMAS",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
  "OMIT_SHARED_CACHE",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
  "OMIT_SUBQUERY",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_TCL_VARIABLE
  "OMIT_TCL_VARIABLE",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_TEMPDB
  "OMIT_TEMPDB",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE
  "OMIT_TRACE",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
  "OMIT_TRIGGER",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_TRUNCATE_OPTIMIZATION
  "OMIT_TRUNCATE_OPTIMIZATION",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
  "OMIT_UTF16",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_VACUUM
  "OMIT_VACUUM",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW
  "OMIT_VIEW",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  "OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  "OMIT_WAL",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_WSD
  "OMIT_WSD",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_XFER_OPT
  "OMIT_XFER_OPT",
#endif
#if SQLITE_PERFORMANCE_TRACE
  "PERFORMANCE_TRACE",
#endif
#if SQLITE_PROXY_DEBUG
  "PROXY_DEBUG",
#endif
#if SQLITE_RTREE_INT_ONLY
  "RTREE_INT_ONLY",
#endif
#if SQLITE_SECURE_DELETE
  "SECURE_DELETE",
#endif
#if SQLITE_SMALL_STACK
  "SMALL_STACK",
#endif
#if SQLITE_SOUNDEX
  "SOUNDEX",
#endif
#if SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC
  "SYSTEM_MALLOC",
#endif
#if SQLITE_TCL
  "TCL",
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_TEMP_STORE) && !defined(SQLITE_TEMP_STORE_xc)
  "TEMP_STORE=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_TEMP_STORE),
#endif
#if SQLITE_TEST
  "TEST",
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_THREADSAFE)
  "THREADSAFE=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_THREADSAFE),
#endif
#if SQLITE_USE_ALLOCA
  "USE_ALLOCA",
#endif
#if SQLITE_USER_AUTHENTICATION
  "USER_AUTHENTICATION",
#endif
#if SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC
  "WIN32_MALLOC",
#endif
#if SQLITE_ZERO_MALLOC
  "ZERO_MALLOC"
#endif
};

/*
** Given the name of a compile-time option, return true if that option
** was used and false if not.
**
** The name can optionally begin with "SQLITE_" but the "SQLITE_" prefix
** is not required for a match.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_compileoption_used(const char *zOptName){
  int i, n;

#if SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( zOptName==0 ){
    (void)SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
    return 0;
  }
#endif
  if( sqlite3StrNICmp(zOptName, "SQLITE_", 7)==0 ) zOptName += 7;
  n = sqlite3Strlen30(zOptName);

  /* Since ArraySize(azCompileOpt) is normally in single digits, a
  ** linear search is adequate.  No need for a binary search. */
  for(i=0; i<ArraySize(azCompileOpt); i++){
    if( sqlite3StrNICmp(zOptName, azCompileOpt[i], n)==0
................................................................................
** set to NULL if the currently executing frame is the main program.
*/
typedef struct VdbeFrame VdbeFrame;
struct VdbeFrame {
  Vdbe *v;                /* VM this frame belongs to */
  VdbeFrame *pParent;     /* Parent of this frame, or NULL if parent is main */
  Op *aOp;                /* Program instructions for parent frame */
  i64 *anExec;            /* Event counters from parent frame */
  Mem *aMem;              /* Array of memory cells for parent frame */
  u8 *aOnceFlag;          /* Array of OP_Once flags for parent frame */
  VdbeCursor **apCsr;     /* Array of Vdbe cursors for parent frame */
  void *token;            /* Copy of SubProgram.token */
  i64 lastRowid;          /* Last insert rowid (sqlite3.lastRowid) */
  int nCursor;            /* Number of entries in apCsr */
  int pc;                 /* Program Counter in parent (calling) frame */
  int nOp;                /* Size of aOp array */
  int nMem;               /* Number of entries in aMem */
  int nOnceFlag;          /* Number of entries in aOnceFlag */
  int nChildMem;          /* Number of memory cells for child frame */
  int nChildCsr;          /* Number of cursors for child frame */
  int nChange;            /* Statement changes (Vdbe.nChange)     */
  int nDbChange;          /* Value of db->nChange */
};

#define VdbeFrameMem(p) ((Mem *)&((u8 *)p)[ROUND8(sizeof(VdbeFrame))])

/*
** A value for VdbeCursor.cacheValid that means the cache is always invalid.
*/
................................................................................
};

/* A bitfield type for use inside of structures.  Always follow with :N where
** N is the number of bits.
*/
typedef unsigned bft;  /* Bit Field Type */

typedef struct ScanStatus ScanStatus;
struct ScanStatus {
  int addrExplain;                /* OP_Explain for loop */
  int addrLoop;                   /* Address of "loops" counter */
  int addrVisit;                  /* Address of "rows visited" counter */
  int iSelectID;                  /* The "Select-ID" for this loop */
  LogEst nEst;                    /* Estimated output rows per loop */
  char *zName;                    /* Name of table or index */
};

/*
** An instance of the virtual machine.  This structure contains the complete
** state of the virtual machine.
**
** The "sqlite3_stmt" structure pointer that is returned by sqlite3_prepare()
** is really a pointer to an instance of this structure.
**
................................................................................
  VdbeFrame *pDelFrame;   /* List of frame objects to free on VM reset */
  int nFrame;             /* Number of frames in pFrame list */
  u32 expmask;            /* Binding to these vars invalidates VM */
  SubProgram *pProgram;   /* Linked list of all sub-programs used by VM */
  int nOnceFlag;          /* Size of array aOnceFlag[] */
  u8 *aOnceFlag;          /* Flags for OP_Once */
  AuxData *pAuxData;      /* Linked list of auxdata allocations */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STMT_SCANSTATUS
  i64 *anExec;            /* Number of times each op has been executed */
  int nScan;              /* Entries in aScan[] */
  ScanStatus *aScan;      /* Scan definitions for sqlite3_stmt_scanstatus() */
#endif
};

/*
** The following are allowed values for Vdbe.magic
*/
#define VDBE_MAGIC_INIT     0x26bceaa5    /* Building a VDBE program */
#define VDBE_MAGIC_RUN      0xbdf20da3    /* VDBE is ready to execute */
................................................................................
** then this routine is not threadsafe.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_status(int op, int *pCurrent, int *pHighwater, int resetFlag){
  wsdStatInit;
  if( op<0 || op>=ArraySize(wsdStat.nowValue) ){
    return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( pCurrent==0 || pHighwater==0 ) return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
#endif
  *pCurrent = wsdStat.nowValue[op];
  *pHighwater = wsdStat.mxValue[op];
  if( resetFlag ){
    wsdStat.mxValue[op] = wsdStat.nowValue[op];
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
................................................................................
  sqlite3 *db,          /* The database connection whose status is desired */
  int op,               /* Status verb */
  int *pCurrent,        /* Write current value here */
  int *pHighwater,      /* Write high-water mark here */
  int resetFlag         /* Reset high-water mark if true */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;   /* Return code */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) || pCurrent==0|| pHighwater==0 ){
    return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
  }
#endif
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  switch( op ){
    case SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_USED: {
      *pCurrent = db->lookaside.nOut;
      *pHighwater = db->lookaside.mxOut;
      if( resetFlag ){
        db->lookaside.mxOut = db->lookaside.nOut;
................................................................................
** This file contains the C functions that implement date and time
** functions for SQLite.  
**
** There is only one exported symbol in this file - the function
** sqlite3RegisterDateTimeFunctions() found at the bottom of the file.
** All other code has file scope.
**
** SQLite processes all times and dates as julian day numbers.  The
** dates and times are stored as the number of days since noon
** in Greenwich on November 24, 4714 B.C. according to the Gregorian
** calendar system. 
**
** 1970-01-01 00:00:00 is JD 2440587.5
** 2000-01-01 00:00:00 is JD 2451544.5
**
................................................................................
** This implementation requires years to be expressed as a 4-digit number
** which means that only dates between 0000-01-01 and 9999-12-31 can
** be represented, even though julian day numbers allow a much wider
** range of dates.
**
** The Gregorian calendar system is used for all dates and times,
** even those that predate the Gregorian calendar.  Historians usually
** use the julian calendar for dates prior to 1582-10-15 and for some
** dates afterwards, depending on locale.  Beware of this difference.
**
** The conversion algorithms are implemented based on descriptions
** in the following text:
**
**      Jean Meeus
**      Astronomical Algorithms, 2nd Edition, 1998
................................................................................
    return 0;
  }else{
    return 1;
  }
}

/*
** Attempt to parse the given string into a julian day number.  Return
** the number of errors.
**
** The following are acceptable forms for the input string:
**
**      YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS.FFF  +/-HH:MM
**      DDDD.DD 
**      now
................................................................................
**
** See http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/a442x3ye(VS.80).aspx.
**
** If the user has not indicated to use localtime_r() or localtime_s()
** already, check for an MSVC build environment that provides 
** localtime_s().
*/
#if !HAVE_LOCALTIME_R && !HAVE_LOCALTIME_S \
    && defined(_MSC_VER) && defined(_CRT_INSECURE_DEPRECATE)
#undef  HAVE_LOCALTIME_S
#define HAVE_LOCALTIME_S 1
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_LOCALTIME
/*
** The following routine implements the rough equivalent of localtime_r()
** using whatever operating-system specific localtime facility that
................................................................................
**
** EVIDENCE-OF: R-62172-00036 In this implementation, the standard C
** library function localtime_r() is used to assist in the calculation of
** local time.
*/
static int osLocaltime(time_t *t, struct tm *pTm){
  int rc;
#if !HAVE_LOCALTIME_R && !HAVE_LOCALTIME_S

  struct tm *pX;
#if SQLITE_THREADSAFE>0
  sqlite3_mutex *mutex = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER);
#endif
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(mutex);
  pX = localtime(t);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST
................................................................................
  if( pX ) *pTm = *pX;
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(mutex);
  rc = pX==0;
#else
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST
  if( sqlite3GlobalConfig.bLocaltimeFault ) return 1;
#endif
#if HAVE_LOCALTIME_R
  rc = localtime_r(t, pTm)==0;
#else
  rc = localtime_s(pTm, t);
#endif /* HAVE_LOCALTIME_R */
#endif /* HAVE_LOCALTIME_R || HAVE_LOCALTIME_S */
  return rc;
}
................................................................................
**
** Return a string described by FORMAT.  Conversions as follows:
**
**   %d  day of month
**   %f  ** fractional seconds  SS.SSS
**   %H  hour 00-24
**   %j  day of year 000-366
**   %J  ** julian day number
**   %m  month 01-12
**   %M  minute 00-59
**   %s  seconds since 1970-01-01
**   %S  seconds 00-59
**   %w  day of week 0-6  sunday==0
**   %W  week of year 00-53
**   %Y  year 0000-9999
................................................................................
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  DateTime x;
  u64 n;
  size_t i,j;
  char *z;
  sqlite3 *db;
  const char *zFmt;
  char zBuf[100];
  if( argc==0 ) return;
  zFmt = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
  if( zFmt==0 || isDate(context, argc-1, argv+1, &x) ) return;
  db = sqlite3_context_db_handle(context);
  for(i=0, n=1; zFmt[i]; i++, n++){
    if( zFmt[i]=='%' ){
      switch( zFmt[i+1] ){
        case 'd':
        case 'H':
................................................................................

  UNUSED_PARAMETER(argc);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(argv);

  iT = sqlite3StmtCurrentTime(context);
  if( iT<=0 ) return;
  t = iT/1000 - 10000*(sqlite3_int64)21086676;
#if HAVE_GMTIME_R
  pTm = gmtime_r(&t, &sNow);
#else
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER));
  pTm = gmtime(&t);
  if( pTm ) memcpy(&sNow, pTm, sizeof(sNow));
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER));
#endif
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_vfs_register(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, int makeDflt){
  MUTEX_LOGIC(sqlite3_mutex *mutex;)
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINIT
  int rc = sqlite3_initialize();
  if( rc ) return rc;
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( pVfs==0 ) return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
#endif

  MUTEX_LOGIC( mutex = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER); )
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(mutex);
  vfsUnlink(pVfs);
  if( makeDflt || vfsList==0 ){
    pVfs->pNext = vfsList;
    vfsList = pVfs;
  }else{
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_FREE(x)               free(x)
#define SQLITE_REALLOC(x,y)          realloc((x),(y))

/*
** The malloc.h header file is needed for malloc_usable_size() function
** on some systems (e.g. Linux).
*/
#if HAVE_MALLOC_H && HAVE_MALLOC_USABLE_SIZE
#  define SQLITE_USE_MALLOC_H 1
#  define SQLITE_USE_MALLOC_USABLE_SIZE 1
/*
** The MSVCRT has malloc_usable_size(), but it is called _msize().  The
** use of _msize() is automatic, but can be disabled by compiling with
** -DSQLITE_WITHOUT_MSIZE.  Using the _msize() function also requires
** the malloc.h header file.
*/
#elif defined(_MSC_VER) && !defined(SQLITE_WITHOUT_MSIZE)
................................................................................

/*
** Retrieve a pointer to a static mutex or allocate a new dynamic one.
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3_mutex *sqlite3_mutex_alloc(int id){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINIT
  if( id<=SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE && sqlite3_initialize() ) return 0;
  if( id>SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE && sqlite3MutexInit() ) return 0;
#endif
  return sqlite3GlobalConfig.mutex.xMutexAlloc(id);
}

SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3_mutex *sqlite3MutexAlloc(int id){
  if( !sqlite3GlobalConfig.bCoreMutex ){
    return 0;
................................................................................
        p->id = iType;
#endif
        pthread_mutex_init(&p->mutex, 0);
      }
      break;
    }
    default: {
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
      if( iType-2<0 || iType-2>=ArraySize(staticMutexes) ){
        (void)SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
        return 0;
      }
#endif
      p = &staticMutexes[iType-2];
#if SQLITE_MUTEX_NREF
      p->id = iType;
#endif
      break;
    }
  }
................................................................................
#else
        InitializeCriticalSection(&p->mutex);
#endif
      }
      break;
    }
    default: {
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
      if( iType-2<0 || iType-2>=ArraySize(winMutex_staticMutexes) ){
        (void)SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
        return 0;
      }
#endif
      assert( iType-2 >= 0 );
      assert( iType-2 < ArraySize(winMutex_staticMutexes) );
      assert( winMutex_isInit==1 );
      p = &winMutex_staticMutexes[iType-2];
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
      p->id = iType;
#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_MUTEX_TRACE_STATIC
................................................................................
    }
    sqlite3MemdebugSetType(p, MEMTYPE_SCRATCH);
  }
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_notheld(mem0.mutex) );


#if SQLITE_THREADSAFE==0 && !defined(NDEBUG)
  /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-12970-05880 SQLite will not use more than one scratch
  ** buffers per thread.
  **
  ** This can only be checked in single-threaded mode.
  */
  assert( scratchAllocOut==0 );
  if( p ) scratchAllocOut++;
#endif

  return p;
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ScratchFree(void *p){
  if( p ){
................................................................................
**************************************************************************
**
** This file contains code for a set of "printf"-like routines.  These
** routines format strings much like the printf() from the standard C
** library, though the implementation here has enhancements to support
** SQLlite.
*/












/*
** Conversion types fall into various categories as defined by the
** following enumeration.
*/
#define etRADIX       1 /* Integer types.  %d, %x, %o, and so forth */
#define etFLOAT       2 /* Floating point.  %f */
................................................................................
  double rounder;            /* Used for rounding floating point values */
  etByte flag_dp;            /* True if decimal point should be shown */
  etByte flag_rtz;           /* True if trailing zeros should be removed */
#endif
  PrintfArguments *pArgList = 0; /* Arguments for SQLITE_PRINTF_SQLFUNC */
  char buf[etBUFSIZE];       /* Conversion buffer */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( ap==0 ){
    (void)SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
    sqlite3StrAccumReset(pAccum);
    return;
  }
#endif
  bufpt = 0;
  if( bFlags ){
    if( (bArgList = (bFlags & SQLITE_PRINTF_SQLFUNC))!=0 ){
      pArgList = va_arg(ap, PrintfArguments*);
    }
    useIntern = bFlags & SQLITE_PRINTF_INTERNAL;
  }else{
................................................................................
    N = p->nAlloc - p->nChar - 1;
    setStrAccumError(p, STRACCUM_TOOBIG);
    return N;
  }else{
    char *zOld = (p->zText==p->zBase ? 0 : p->zText);
    i64 szNew = p->nChar;
    szNew += N + 1;
    if( szNew+p->nChar<=p->mxAlloc ){
      /* Force exponential buffer size growth as long as it does not overflow,
      ** to avoid having to call this routine too often */
      szNew += p->nChar;
    }
    if( szNew > p->mxAlloc ){
      sqlite3StrAccumReset(p);
      setStrAccumError(p, STRACCUM_TOOBIG);
      return 0;
    }else{
      p->nAlloc = (int)szNew;
    }
................................................................................
    }else{
      zNew = sqlite3_realloc(zOld, p->nAlloc);
    }
    if( zNew ){
      assert( p->zText!=0 || p->nChar==0 );
      if( zOld==0 && p->nChar>0 ) memcpy(zNew, p->zText, p->nChar);
      p->zText = zNew;
      p->nAlloc = sqlite3DbMallocSize(p->db, zNew);
    }else{
      sqlite3StrAccumReset(p);
      setStrAccumError(p, STRACCUM_NOMEM);
      return 0;
    }
  }
  return N;
................................................................................
** Print into memory obtained from sqlite3_malloc().  Omit the internal
** %-conversion extensions.
*/
SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_vmprintf(const char *zFormat, va_list ap){
  char *z;
  char zBase[SQLITE_PRINT_BUF_SIZE];
  StrAccum acc;

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR  
  if( zFormat==0 ){
    (void)SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
    return 0;
  }
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINIT
  if( sqlite3_initialize() ) return 0;
#endif
  sqlite3StrAccumInit(&acc, zBase, sizeof(zBase), SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH);
  acc.useMalloc = 2;
  sqlite3VXPrintf(&acc, 0, zFormat, ap);
  z = sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&acc);
................................................................................
** mistake.
**
** sqlite3_vsnprintf() is the varargs version.
*/
SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_vsnprintf(int n, char *zBuf, const char *zFormat, va_list ap){
  StrAccum acc;
  if( n<=0 ) return zBuf;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( zBuf==0 || zFormat==0 ) {
    (void)SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
    if( zBuf && n>0 ) zBuf[0] = 0;
    return zBuf;
  }
#endif
  sqlite3StrAccumInit(&acc, zBuf, n, 0);
  acc.useMalloc = 0;
  sqlite3VXPrintf(&acc, 0, zFormat, ap);
  return sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&acc);
}
SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_snprintf(int n, char *zBuf, const char *zFormat, ...){
  char *z;
................................................................................
  struct sqlite3PrngType *p = &GLOBAL(struct sqlite3PrngType, sqlite3Prng);
# define wsdPrng p[0]
#else
# define wsdPrng sqlite3Prng
#endif

#if SQLITE_THREADSAFE
  sqlite3_mutex *mutex;
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINIT
  if( sqlite3_initialize() ) return;
#endif

#if SQLITE_THREADSAFE
  mutex = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PRNG);

#endif

  sqlite3_mutex_enter(mutex);
  if( N<=0 || pBuf==0 ){
    wsdPrng.isInit = 0;
    sqlite3_mutex_leave(mutex);
    return;
  }

  /* Initialize the state of the random number generator once,
  ** the first time this routine is called.  The seed value does
................................................................................
** "thread" is done by the main thread at either the sqlite3ThreadCreate()
** or sqlite3ThreadJoin() call.  This is, in fact, what happens in
** single threaded systems.  Nothing in SQLite requires multiple threads.
** This interface exists so that applications that want to take advantage
** of multiple cores can do so, while also allowing applications to stay
** single-threaded if desired.
*/
#if SQLITE_OS_WIN
#endif

#if SQLITE_MAX_WORKER_THREADS>0

/********************************* Unix Pthreads ****************************/
#if SQLITE_OS_UNIX && defined(SQLITE_MUTEX_PTHREADS) && SQLITE_THREADSAFE>0

#define SQLITE_THREADS_IMPLEMENTED 1  /* Prevent the single-thread code below */
................................................................................
** Utility functions used throughout sqlite.
**
** This file contains functions for allocating memory, comparing
** strings, and stuff like that.
**
*/
/* #include <stdarg.h> */
#if HAVE_ISNAN || SQLITE_HAVE_ISNAN
# include <math.h>
#endif

/*
** Routine needed to support the testcase() macro.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_COVERAGE_TEST
................................................................................
** Return true if the floating point value is Not a Number (NaN).
**
** Use the math library isnan() function if compiled with SQLITE_HAVE_ISNAN.
** Otherwise, we have our own implementation that works on most systems.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IsNaN(double x){
  int rc;   /* The value return */
#if !SQLITE_HAVE_ISNAN && !HAVE_ISNAN
  /*
  ** Systems that support the isnan() library function should probably
  ** make use of it by compiling with -DSQLITE_HAVE_ISNAN.  But we have
  ** found that many systems do not have a working isnan() function so
  ** this implementation is provided as an alternative.
  **
  ** This NaN test sometimes fails if compiled on GCC with -ffast-math.
................................................................................
  */
#ifdef __FAST_MATH__
# error SQLite will not work correctly with the -ffast-math option of GCC.
#endif
  volatile double y = x;
  volatile double z = y;
  rc = (y!=z);
#else  /* if HAVE_ISNAN */
  rc = isnan(x);
#endif /* HAVE_ISNAN */
  testcase( rc );
  return rc;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT */

/*
** Compute a string length that is limited to what can be stored in
................................................................................
** sqlite3_strnicmp() APIs allow applications and extensions to compare
** the contents of two buffers containing UTF-8 strings in a
** case-independent fashion, using the same definition of "case
** independence" that SQLite uses internally when comparing identifiers.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_stricmp(const char *zLeft, const char *zRight){
  register unsigned char *a, *b;
  if( zLeft==0 ){
    return zRight ? -1 : 0;
  }else if( zRight==0 ){
    return 1;
  }
  a = (unsigned char *)zLeft;
  b = (unsigned char *)zRight;
  while( *a!=0 && UpperToLower[*a]==UpperToLower[*b]){ a++; b++; }
  return UpperToLower[*a] - UpperToLower[*b];
}
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_strnicmp(const char *zLeft, const char *zRight, int N){
  register unsigned char *a, *b;
  if( zLeft==0 ){
    return zRight ? -1 : 0;
  }else if( zRight==0 ){
    return 1;
  }
  a = (unsigned char *)zLeft;
  b = (unsigned char *)zRight;
  while( N-- > 0 && *a!=0 && UpperToLower[*a]==UpperToLower[*b]){ a++; b++; }
  return N<0 ? 0 : UpperToLower[*a] - UpperToLower[*b];
}

/*
................................................................................
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_fullsync_count = 0;
#endif

/*
** We do not trust systems to provide a working fdatasync().  Some do.
** Others do no.  To be safe, we will stick with the (slightly slower)
** fsync(). If you know that your system does support fdatasync() correctly,
** then simply compile with -Dfdatasync=fdatasync or -DHAVE_FDATASYNC
*/
#if !defined(fdatasync) && !HAVE_FDATASYNC
# define fdatasync fsync
#endif

/*
** Define HAVE_FULLFSYNC to 0 or 1 depending on whether or not
** the F_FULLFSYNC macro is defined.  F_FULLFSYNC is currently
** only available on Mac OS X.  But that could change.
................................................................................
      ** or an error number on  failure". See the manpage for details. */
      int err;
      do{
        err = osFallocate(pFile->h, buf.st_size, nSize-buf.st_size);
      }while( err==EINTR );
      if( err ) return SQLITE_IOERR_WRITE;
#else
      /* If the OS does not have posix_fallocate(), fake it. Write a 
      ** single byte to the last byte in each block that falls entirely
      ** within the extended region. Then, if required, a single byte
      ** at offset (nSize-1), to set the size of the file correctly.
      ** This is a similar technique to that used by glibc on systems
      ** that do not have a real fallocate() call.
      */
      int nBlk = buf.st_blksize;  /* File-system block size */
      int nWrite = 0;             /* Number of bytes written by seekAndWrite */
      i64 iWrite;                 /* Next offset to write to */





      iWrite = ((buf.st_size + 2*nBlk - 1)/nBlk)*nBlk-1;
      assert( iWrite>=buf.st_size );
      assert( (iWrite/nBlk)==((buf.st_size+nBlk-1)/nBlk) );
      assert( ((iWrite+1)%nBlk)==0 );
      for(/*no-op*/; iWrite<nSize; iWrite+=nBlk ){
        nWrite = seekAndWrite(pFile, iWrite, "", 1);
        if( nWrite!=1 ) return SQLITE_IOERR_WRITE;

      }
      if( nWrite==0 || (nSize%nBlk) ){
        nWrite = seekAndWrite(pFile, nSize-1, "", 1);
        if( nWrite!=1 ) return SQLITE_IOERR_WRITE;
      }
#endif
    }
  }

#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
  if( pFile->mmapSizeMax>0 && nByte>pFile->mmapSize ){
................................................................................
** available in Windows platforms based on the NT kernel.
*/
#if !SQLITE_OS_WINNT && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL)
#  error "WAL mode requires support from the Windows NT kernel, compile\
 with SQLITE_OMIT_WAL."
#endif

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINNT && SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
#  error "Memory mapped files require support from the Windows NT kernel,\
 compile with SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE=0."
#endif

/*
** Are most of the Win32 ANSI APIs available (i.e. with certain exceptions
** based on the sub-platform)?
*/
#if !SQLITE_OS_WINCE && !SQLITE_OS_WINRT && !defined(SQLITE_WIN32_NO_ANSI)
#  define SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI
#endif
................................................................................
*/
#ifndef winGetDirSep
#  define winGetDirSep()                '\\'
#endif

/*
** Do we need to manually define the Win32 file mapping APIs for use with WAL
** mode or memory mapped files (e.g. these APIs are available in the Windows
** CE SDK; however, they are not present in the header file)?
*/
#if SQLITE_WIN32_FILEMAPPING_API && \
        (!defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL) || SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0)
/*
** Two of the file mapping APIs are different under WinRT.  Figure out which
** set we need.
*/
#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
WINBASEAPI HANDLE WINAPI CreateFileMappingFromApp(HANDLE, \
        LPSECURITY_ATTRIBUTES, ULONG, ULONG64, LPCWSTR);
................................................................................
WINBASEAPI LPVOID WINAPI MapViewOfFile(HANDLE, DWORD, DWORD, DWORD, SIZE_T);
#endif /* SQLITE_OS_WINRT */

/*
** This file mapping API is common to both Win32 and WinRT.
*/
WINBASEAPI BOOL WINAPI UnmapViewOfFile(LPCVOID);
#endif /* SQLITE_WIN32_FILEMAPPING_API */

/*
** Some Microsoft compilers lack this definition.
*/
#ifndef INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES
# define INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES ((DWORD)-1)
#endif
................................................................................
  { "CreateFileW",             (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osCreateFileW ((HANDLE(WINAPI*)(LPCWSTR,DWORD,DWORD, \
        LPSECURITY_ATTRIBUTES,DWORD,DWORD,HANDLE))aSyscall[5].pCurrent)

#if (!SQLITE_OS_WINRT && defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI) && \
        (!defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL) || SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0))
  { "CreateFileMappingA",      (SYSCALL)CreateFileMappingA,      0 },
#else
  { "CreateFileMappingA",      (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osCreateFileMappingA ((HANDLE(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,LPSECURITY_ATTRIBUTES, \
        DWORD,DWORD,DWORD,LPCSTR))aSyscall[6].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE || (!SQLITE_OS_WINRT && defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_WIDE) && \
        (!defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL) || SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0))
  { "CreateFileMappingW",      (SYSCALL)CreateFileMappingW,      0 },
#else
  { "CreateFileMappingW",      (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osCreateFileMappingW ((HANDLE(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,LPSECURITY_ATTRIBUTES, \
        DWORD,DWORD,DWORD,LPCWSTR))aSyscall[7].pCurrent)
................................................................................
#endif

#ifndef osLockFileEx
#define osLockFileEx ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD, \
        LPOVERLAPPED))aSyscall[48].pCurrent)
#endif

#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE || (!SQLITE_OS_WINRT && \
        (!defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL) || SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0))
  { "MapViewOfFile",           (SYSCALL)MapViewOfFile,           0 },
#else
  { "MapViewOfFile",           (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osMapViewOfFile ((LPVOID(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD, \
        SIZE_T))aSyscall[49].pCurrent)
................................................................................
#else
  { "UnlockFileEx",            (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osUnlockFileEx ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD, \
        LPOVERLAPPED))aSyscall[58].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL) || SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
  { "UnmapViewOfFile",         (SYSCALL)UnmapViewOfFile,         0 },
#else
  { "UnmapViewOfFile",         (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osUnmapViewOfFile ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(LPCVOID))aSyscall[59].pCurrent)

................................................................................
#else
  { "GetFileInformationByHandleEx", (SYSCALL)0,                  0 },
#endif

#define osGetFileInformationByHandleEx ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE, \
        FILE_INFO_BY_HANDLE_CLASS,LPVOID,DWORD))aSyscall[66].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT && (!defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL) || SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0)
  { "MapViewOfFileFromApp",    (SYSCALL)MapViewOfFileFromApp,    0 },
#else
  { "MapViewOfFileFromApp",    (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osMapViewOfFileFromApp ((LPVOID(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,ULONG,ULONG64, \
        SIZE_T))aSyscall[67].pCurrent)
................................................................................

#define osOutputDebugStringW ((VOID(WINAPI*)(LPCWSTR))aSyscall[73].pCurrent)

  { "GetProcessHeap",          (SYSCALL)GetProcessHeap,          0 },

#define osGetProcessHeap ((HANDLE(WINAPI*)(VOID))aSyscall[74].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT && (!defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL) || SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0)
  { "CreateFileMappingFromApp", (SYSCALL)CreateFileMappingFromApp, 0 },
#else
  { "CreateFileMappingFromApp", (SYSCALL)0,                      0 },
#endif

#define osCreateFileMappingFromApp ((HANDLE(WINAPI*)(HANDLE, \
        LPSECURITY_ATTRIBUTES,ULONG,ULONG64,LPCWSTR))aSyscall[75].pCurrent)
................................................................................
** the sqlite3_memory_used() function does not return zero, SQLITE_BUSY will
** be returned and no changes will be made to the Win32 native heap.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_win32_reset_heap(){
  int rc;
  MUTEX_LOGIC( sqlite3_mutex *pMaster; ) /* The main static mutex */
  MUTEX_LOGIC( sqlite3_mutex *pMem; )    /* The memsys static mutex */
  MUTEX_LOGIC( pMaster = sqlite3_mutex_alloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER); )
  MUTEX_LOGIC( pMem = sqlite3_mutex_alloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM); )
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(pMaster);
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(pMem);
  winMemAssertMagic();
  if( winMemGetHeap()!=NULL && winMemGetOwned() && sqlite3_memory_used()==0 ){
    /*
    ** At this point, there should be no outstanding memory allocations on
    ** the heap.  Also, since both the master and memsys locks are currently
................................................................................
*/
static int winRead(
  sqlite3_file *id,          /* File to read from */
  void *pBuf,                /* Write content into this buffer */
  int amt,                   /* Number of bytes to read */
  sqlite3_int64 offset       /* Begin reading at this offset */
){
#if !SQLITE_OS_WINCE && !defined(SQLITE_WIN32_NO_OVERLAPPED)
  OVERLAPPED overlapped;          /* The offset for ReadFile. */
#endif
  winFile *pFile = (winFile*)id;  /* file handle */
  DWORD nRead;                    /* Number of bytes actually read from file */
  int nRetry = 0;                 /* Number of retrys */

  assert( id!=0 );
................................................................................
      pBuf = &((u8 *)pBuf)[nCopy];
      amt -= nCopy;
      offset += nCopy;
    }
  }
#endif

#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE || defined(SQLITE_WIN32_NO_OVERLAPPED)
  if( winSeekFile(pFile, offset) ){
    OSTRACE(("READ file=%p, rc=SQLITE_FULL\n", pFile->h));
    return SQLITE_FULL;
  }
  while( !osReadFile(pFile->h, pBuf, amt, &nRead, 0) ){
#else
  memset(&overlapped, 0, sizeof(OVERLAPPED));
................................................................................
      pBuf = &((u8 *)pBuf)[nCopy];
      amt -= nCopy;
      offset += nCopy;
    }
  }
#endif

#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE || defined(SQLITE_WIN32_NO_OVERLAPPED)
  rc = winSeekFile(pFile, offset);
  if( rc==0 ){
#else
  {
#endif
#if !SQLITE_OS_WINCE && !defined(SQLITE_WIN32_NO_OVERLAPPED)
    OVERLAPPED overlapped;        /* The offset for WriteFile. */
#endif
    u8 *aRem = (u8 *)pBuf;        /* Data yet to be written */
    int nRem = amt;               /* Number of bytes yet to be written */
    DWORD nWrite;                 /* Bytes written by each WriteFile() call */
    DWORD lastErrno = NO_ERROR;   /* Value returned by GetLastError() */

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINCE && !defined(SQLITE_WIN32_NO_OVERLAPPED)
    memset(&overlapped, 0, sizeof(OVERLAPPED));
    overlapped.Offset = (LONG)(offset & 0xffffffff);
    overlapped.OffsetHigh = (LONG)((offset>>32) & 0x7fffffff);
#endif

    while( nRem>0 ){
#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE || defined(SQLITE_WIN32_NO_OVERLAPPED)
      if( !osWriteFile(pFile->h, aRem, nRem, &nWrite, 0) ){
#else
      if( !osWriteFile(pFile->h, aRem, nRem, &nWrite, &overlapped) ){
#endif
        if( winRetryIoerr(&nRetry, &lastErrno) ) continue;
        break;
      }
      assert( nWrite==0 || nWrite<=(DWORD)nRem );
      if( nWrite==0 || nWrite>(DWORD)nRem ){
        lastErrno = osGetLastError();
        break;
      }
#if !SQLITE_OS_WINCE && !defined(SQLITE_WIN32_NO_OVERLAPPED)
      offset += nWrite;
      overlapped.Offset = (LONG)(offset & 0xffffffff);
      overlapped.OffsetHigh = (LONG)((offset>>32) & 0x7fffffff);
#endif
      aRem += nWrite;
      nRem -= nWrite;
    }
................................................................................
  u8 eCreate;                         /* eCreate value for for xFetch() */
  int (*xStress)(void*,PgHdr*);       /* Call to try make a page clean */
  void *pStress;                      /* Argument to xStress */
  sqlite3_pcache *pCache;             /* Pluggable cache module */
  PgHdr *pPage1;                      /* Reference to page 1 */
};













/********************************** Linked List Management ********************/

/* Allowed values for second argument to pcacheManageDirtyList() */
#define PCACHE_DIRTYLIST_REMOVE   1    /* Remove pPage from dirty list */
#define PCACHE_DIRTYLIST_ADD      2    /* Add pPage to the dirty list */
#define PCACHE_DIRTYLIST_FRONT    3    /* Move pPage to the front of the list */

................................................................................
** are no outstanding page references when this function is called.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PcacheSetPageSize(PCache *pCache, int szPage){
  assert( pCache->nRef==0 && pCache->pDirty==0 );
  if( pCache->szPage ){
    sqlite3_pcache *pNew;
    pNew = sqlite3GlobalConfig.pcache2.xCreate(
                szPage, pCache->szExtra + ROUND8(sizeof(PgHdr)),
                pCache->bPurgeable
    );
    if( pNew==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    sqlite3GlobalConfig.pcache2.xCachesize(pNew, numberOfCachePages(pCache));
    if( pCache->pCache ){
      sqlite3GlobalConfig.pcache2.xDestroy(pCache->pCache);
    }
    pCache->pCache = pNew;
................................................................................
/*
** Free up as much memory as possible from the page cache.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PcacheShrink(PCache *pCache){
  assert( pCache->pCache!=0 );
  sqlite3GlobalConfig.pcache2.xShrink(pCache->pCache);
}

/*
** Return the size of the header added by this middleware layer
** in the page-cache hierarchy.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3HeaderSizePcache(void){ return ROUND8(sizeof(PgHdr)); }


#if defined(SQLITE_CHECK_PAGES) || defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
/*
** For all dirty pages currently in the cache, invoke the specified
** callback. This is only used if the SQLITE_CHECK_PAGES macro is
** defined.
*/
................................................................................
  p = sqlite3Malloc(sizeof(PgHdr1) + pCache->szExtra);
  if( !pPg || !p ){
    pcache1Free(pPg);
    sqlite3_free(p);
    pPg = 0;
  }
#else
  pPg = pcache1Alloc(ROUND8(sizeof(PgHdr1)) + pCache->szPage + pCache->szExtra);
  p = (PgHdr1 *)&((u8 *)pPg)[pCache->szPage];
#endif
  pcache1EnterMutex(pCache->pGroup);

  if( pPg ){
    p->page.pBuf = pPg;
    p->page.pExtra = &p[1];
................................................................................
    pcache1Truncate,         /* xTruncate */
    pcache1Destroy,          /* xDestroy */
    pcache1Shrink            /* xShrink */
  };
  sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE2, &defaultMethods);
}

/*
** Return the size of the header on each page of this PCACHE implementation.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3HeaderSizePcache1(void){ return ROUND8(sizeof(PgHdr1)); }

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT
/*
** This function is called to free superfluous dynamically allocated memory
** held by the pager system. Memory in use by any SQLite pager allocated
** by the current thread may be sqlite3_free()ed.
**
** nReq is the number of bytes of memory required. Once this much has
................................................................................
  */
  u8 eState;                  /* Pager state (OPEN, READER, WRITER_LOCKED..) */
  u8 eLock;                   /* Current lock held on database file */
  u8 changeCountDone;         /* Set after incrementing the change-counter */
  u8 setMaster;               /* True if a m-j name has been written to jrnl */
  u8 doNotSpill;              /* Do not spill the cache when non-zero */
  u8 subjInMemory;            /* True to use in-memory sub-journals */
  u8 bUseFetch;               /* True to use xFetch() */
  u8 hasBeenUsed;             /* True if any content previously read from this pager*/
  Pgno dbSize;                /* Number of pages in the database */
  Pgno dbOrigSize;            /* dbSize before the current transaction */
  Pgno dbFileSize;            /* Number of pages in the database file */
  Pgno dbHintSize;            /* Value passed to FCNTL_SIZE_HINT call */
  int errCode;                /* One of several kinds of errors */
  int nRec;                   /* Pages journalled since last j-header written */
  u32 cksumInit;              /* Quasi-random value added to every checksum */
................................................................................
  sqlite3_file *jfd;          /* File descriptor for main journal */
  sqlite3_file *sjfd;         /* File descriptor for sub-journal */
  i64 journalOff;             /* Current write offset in the journal file */
  i64 journalHdr;             /* Byte offset to previous journal header */
  sqlite3_backup *pBackup;    /* Pointer to list of ongoing backup processes */
  PagerSavepoint *aSavepoint; /* Array of active savepoints */
  int nSavepoint;             /* Number of elements in aSavepoint[] */
  u32 iDataVersion;           /* Changes whenever database content changes */
  char dbFileVers[16];        /* Changes whenever database file changes */


  int nMmapOut;               /* Number of mmap pages currently outstanding */
  sqlite3_int64 szMmap;       /* Desired maximum mmap size */
  PgHdr *pMmapFreelist;       /* List of free mmap page headers (pDirty) */
  /*
  ** End of the routinely-changing class members
  ***************************************************************************/

................................................................................
  return rc;
}

/*
** Discard the entire contents of the in-memory page-cache.
*/
static void pager_reset(Pager *pPager){
  pPager->iDataVersion++;
  sqlite3BackupRestart(pPager->pBackup);
  sqlite3PcacheClear(pPager->pPCache);
}

/*
** Return the pPager->iDataVersion value
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3PagerDataVersion(Pager *pPager){
  assert( pPager->eState>PAGER_OPEN );
  return pPager->iDataVersion;
}

/*
** Free all structures in the Pager.aSavepoint[] array and set both
** Pager.aSavepoint and Pager.nSavepoint to zero. Close the sub-journal
** if it is open and the pager is not in exclusive mode.
*/
static void releaseAllSavepoints(Pager *pPager){
................................................................................
      ** of bytes 24..39 of the database.  Bytes 28..31 should always be
      ** zero or the size of the database in page. Bytes 32..35 and 35..39
      ** should be page numbers which are never 0xffffffff.  So filling
      ** pPager->dbFileVers[] with all 0xff bytes should suffice.
      **
      ** For an encrypted database, the situation is more complex:  bytes
      ** 24..39 of the database are white noise.  But the probability of
      ** white noise equaling 16 bytes of 0xff is vanishingly small so
      ** we should still be ok.
      */
      memset(pPager->dbFileVers, 0xff, sizeof(pPager->dbFileVers));
    }else{
      u8 *dbFileVers = &((u8*)pPg->pData)[24];
      memcpy(&pPager->dbFileVers, dbFileVers, sizeof(pPager->dbFileVers));
    }
................................................................................
static int pagerAcquireMapPage(
  Pager *pPager,                  /* Pager object */
  Pgno pgno,                      /* Page number */
  void *pData,                    /* xFetch()'d data for this page */
  PgHdr **ppPage                  /* OUT: Acquired page object */
){
  PgHdr *p;                       /* Memory mapped page to return */
  
  if( pPager->pMmapFreelist ){
    *ppPage = p = pPager->pMmapFreelist;
    pPager->pMmapFreelist = p->pDirty;
    p->pDirty = 0;
    memset(p->pExtra, 0, pPager->nExtra);
  }else{
    *ppPage = p = (PgHdr *)sqlite3MallocZero(sizeof(PgHdr) + pPager->nExtra);
................................................................................

      assert( pPager->eState==PAGER_OPEN );
      assert( (pPager->eLock==SHARED_LOCK)
           || (pPager->exclusiveMode && pPager->eLock>SHARED_LOCK)
      );
    }

    if( !pPager->tempFile && pPager->hasBeenUsed ){
      /* The shared-lock has just been acquired then check to
      ** see if the database has been modified.  If the database has changed,
      ** flush the cache.  The pPager->hasBeenUsed flag prevents this from
      ** occurring on the very first access to a file, in order to save a
      ** single unnecessary sqlite3OsRead() call at the start-up.




      **
      ** Database changes is detected by looking at 15 bytes beginning
      ** at offset 24 into the file.  The first 4 of these 16 bytes are
      ** a 32-bit counter that is incremented with each change.  The
      ** other bytes change randomly with each file change when
      ** a codec is in use.
      ** 
................................................................................
  assert( pPager->eState>=PAGER_READER );
  assert( assert_pager_state(pPager) );
  assert( noContent==0 || bMmapOk==0 );

  if( pgno==0 ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  pPager->hasBeenUsed = 1;

  /* If the pager is in the error state, return an error immediately. 
  ** Otherwise, request the page from the PCache layer. */
  if( pPager->errCode!=SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = pPager->errCode;
  }else{
    if( bMmapOk && pagerUseWal(pPager) ){
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE DbPage *sqlite3PagerLookup(Pager *pPager, Pgno pgno){
  sqlite3_pcache_page *pPage;
  assert( pPager!=0 );
  assert( pgno!=0 );
  assert( pPager->pPCache!=0 );
  pPage = sqlite3PcacheFetch(pPager->pPCache, pgno, 0);
  assert( pPage==0 || pPager->hasBeenUsed );
  return sqlite3PcacheFetchFinish(pPager->pPCache, pgno, pPage);
}

/*
** Release a page reference.
**
** If the number of references to the page drop to zero, then the
................................................................................
  ){
    assert( pPager->journalOff==JOURNAL_HDR_SZ(pPager) || !pPager->journalOff );
    pPager->eState = PAGER_READER;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  PAGERTRACE(("COMMIT %d\n", PAGERID(pPager)));
  pPager->iDataVersion++;
  rc = pager_end_transaction(pPager, pPager->setMaster, 1);
  return pager_error(pPager, rc);
}

/*
** If a write transaction is open, then all changes made within the 
** transaction are reverted and the current write-transaction is closed.
................................................................................
    sqlite3PcacheMakeDirty(pPgHdr);
    sqlite3PagerUnrefNotNull(pPgHdr);
  }

  return SQLITE_OK;
}
#endif

/*
** The page handle passed as the first argument refers to a dirty page 
** with a page number other than iNew. This function changes the page's 
** page number to iNew and sets the value of the PgHdr.flags field to 
** the value passed as the third parameter.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerRekey(DbPage *pPg, Pgno iNew, u16 flags){
  assert( pPg->pgno!=iNew );
  pPg->flags = flags;
  sqlite3PcacheMove(pPg, iNew);
}

/*
** Return a pointer to the data for the specified page.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3PagerGetData(DbPage *pPg){
  assert( pPg->nRef>0 || pPg->pPager->memDb );
  return pPg->pData;
................................................................................
**
** Parameter eMode is one of SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE, FULL or RESTART.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerCheckpoint(Pager *pPager, int eMode, int *pnLog, int *pnCkpt){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  if( pPager->pWal ){
    rc = sqlite3WalCheckpoint(pPager->pWal, eMode,
        (eMode==SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE ? 0 : pPager->xBusyHandler),
        pPager->pBusyHandlerArg,
        pPager->ckptSyncFlags, pPager->pageSize, (u8 *)pPager->pTmpSpace,
        pnLog, pnCkpt
    );
  }
  return rc;
}

................................................................................
** is empty, return 0.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerWalFramesize(Pager *pPager){
  assert( pPager->eState>=PAGER_READER );
  return sqlite3WalFramesize(pPager->pWal);
}
#endif


#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_DISKIO */

/************** End of pager.c ***********************************************/
/************** Begin file wal.c *********************************************/
/*
** 2010 February 1
................................................................................
#endif
}

/* 
** Free an iterator allocated by walIteratorInit().
*/
static void walIteratorFree(WalIterator *p){
  sqlite3_free(p);
}

/*
** Construct a WalInterator object that can be used to loop over all 
** pages in the WAL in ascending order. The caller must hold the checkpoint
** lock.
**
................................................................................
  iLast = pWal->hdr.mxFrame;

  /* Allocate space for the WalIterator object. */
  nSegment = walFramePage(iLast) + 1;
  nByte = sizeof(WalIterator) 
        + (nSegment-1)*sizeof(struct WalSegment)
        + iLast*sizeof(ht_slot);
  p = (WalIterator *)sqlite3_malloc(nByte);
  if( !p ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  memset(p, 0, nByte);
  p->nSegment = nSegment;

  /* Allocate temporary space used by the merge-sort routine. This block
  ** of memory will be freed before this function returns.
  */
  aTmp = (ht_slot *)sqlite3_malloc(
      sizeof(ht_slot) * (iLast>HASHTABLE_NPAGE?HASHTABLE_NPAGE:iLast)
  );
  if( !aTmp ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }

  for(i=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<nSegment; i++){
................................................................................
      walMergesort((u32 *)aPgno, aTmp, aIndex, &nEntry);
      p->aSegment[i].iZero = iZero;
      p->aSegment[i].nEntry = nEntry;
      p->aSegment[i].aIndex = aIndex;
      p->aSegment[i].aPgno = (u32 *)aPgno;
    }
  }
  sqlite3_free(aTmp);

  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    walIteratorFree(p);
  }
  *pp = p;
  return rc;
}
................................................................................
/*
** The cache of the wal-index header must be valid to call this function.
** Return the page-size in bytes used by the database.
*/
static int walPagesize(Wal *pWal){
  return (pWal->hdr.szPage&0xfe00) + ((pWal->hdr.szPage&0x0001)<<16);
}

/*
** The following is guaranteed when this function is called:
**
**   a) the WRITER lock is held,
**   b) the entire log file has been checkpointed, and
**   c) any existing readers are reading exclusively from the database
**      file - there are no readers that may attempt to read a frame from
**      the log file.
**
** This function updates the shared-memory structures so that the next
** client to write to the database (which may be this one) does so by
** writing frames into the start of the log file.
**
** The value of parameter salt1 is used as the aSalt[1] value in the 
** new wal-index header. It should be passed a pseudo-random value (i.e. 
** one obtained from sqlite3_randomness()).
*/
static void walRestartHdr(Wal *pWal, u32 salt1){
  volatile WalCkptInfo *pInfo = walCkptInfo(pWal);
  int i;                          /* Loop counter */
  u32 *aSalt = pWal->hdr.aSalt;   /* Big-endian salt values */
  pWal->nCkpt++;
  pWal->hdr.mxFrame = 0;
  sqlite3Put4byte((u8*)&aSalt[0], 1 + sqlite3Get4byte((u8*)&aSalt[0]));
  memcpy(&pWal->hdr.aSalt[1], &salt1, 4);
  walIndexWriteHdr(pWal);
  pInfo->nBackfill = 0;
  pInfo->aReadMark[1] = 0;
  for(i=2; i<WAL_NREADER; i++) pInfo->aReadMark[i] = READMARK_NOT_USED;
  assert( pInfo->aReadMark[0]==0 );
}

/*
** Copy as much content as we can from the WAL back into the database file
** in response to an sqlite3_wal_checkpoint() request or the equivalent.
**
** The amount of information copies from WAL to database might be limited
** by active readers.  This routine will never overwrite a database page
................................................................................
** The caller must be holding sufficient locks to ensure that no other
** checkpoint is running (in any other thread or process) at the same
** time.
*/
static int walCheckpoint(
  Wal *pWal,                      /* Wal connection */
  int eMode,                      /* One of PASSIVE, FULL or RESTART */
  int (*xBusy)(void*),            /* Function to call when busy */
  void *pBusyArg,                 /* Context argument for xBusyHandler */
  int sync_flags,                 /* Flags for OsSync() (or 0) */
  u8 *zBuf                        /* Temporary buffer to use */
){
  int rc;                         /* Return code */
  int szPage;                     /* Database page-size */
  WalIterator *pIter = 0;         /* Wal iterator context */
  u32 iDbpage = 0;                /* Next database page to write */
  u32 iFrame = 0;                 /* Wal frame containing data for iDbpage */
  u32 mxSafeFrame;                /* Max frame that can be backfilled */
  u32 mxPage;                     /* Max database page to write */
  int i;                          /* Loop counter */
  volatile WalCkptInfo *pInfo;    /* The checkpoint status information */


  szPage = walPagesize(pWal);
  testcase( szPage<=32768 );
  testcase( szPage>=65536 );
  pInfo = walCkptInfo(pWal);
  if( pInfo->nBackfill>=pWal->hdr.mxFrame ) return SQLITE_OK;

................................................................................
  /* Allocate the iterator */
  rc = walIteratorInit(pWal, &pIter);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    return rc;
  }
  assert( pIter );

  /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-62920-47450 The busy-handler callback is never invoked
  ** in the SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE mode. */
  assert( eMode!=SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE || xBusy==0 );

  /* Compute in mxSafeFrame the index of the last frame of the WAL that is
  ** safe to write into the database.  Frames beyond mxSafeFrame might
  ** overwrite database pages that are in use by active readers and thus
  ** cannot be backfilled from the WAL.
  */
  mxSafeFrame = pWal->hdr.mxFrame;
................................................................................

  if( rc==SQLITE_BUSY ){
    /* Reset the return code so as not to report a checkpoint failure
    ** just because there are active readers.  */
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }

  /* If this is an SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_RESTART or TRUNCATE operation, and the
  ** entire wal file has been copied into the database file, then block 
  ** until all readers have finished using the wal file. This ensures that 
  ** the next process to write to the database restarts the wal file.
  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && eMode!=SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE ){
    assert( pWal->writeLock );
    if( pInfo->nBackfill<pWal->hdr.mxFrame ){
      rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
    }else if( eMode>=SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_RESTART ){
      u32 salt1;
      sqlite3_randomness(4, &salt1);
      assert( mxSafeFrame==pWal->hdr.mxFrame );
      rc = walBusyLock(pWal, xBusy, pBusyArg, WAL_READ_LOCK(1), WAL_NREADER-1);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        if( eMode==SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_TRUNCATE ){
          /* IMPLEMENTATION-OF: R-44699-57140 This mode works the same way as
          ** SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_RESTART with the addition that it also
          ** truncates the log file to zero bytes just prior to a
          ** successful return.
          **
          ** In theory, it might be safe to do this without updating the
          ** wal-index header in shared memory, as all subsequent reader or
          ** writer clients should see that the entire log file has been
          ** checkpointed and behave accordingly. This seems unsafe though,
          ** as it would leave the system in a state where the contents of
          ** the wal-index header do not match the contents of the 
          ** file-system. To avoid this, update the wal-index header to
          ** indicate that the log file contains zero valid frames.  */
          walRestartHdr(pWal, salt1);
          rc = sqlite3OsTruncate(pWal->pWalFd, 0);
        }
        walUnlockExclusive(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(1), WAL_NREADER-1);
      }
    }
  }

 walcheckpoint_out:
  walIteratorFree(pIter);
................................................................................
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      return rc;
    }
    nCollide = HASHTABLE_NSLOT;
    for(iKey=walHash(pgno); aHash[iKey]; iKey=walNextHash(iKey)){
      u32 iFrame = aHash[iKey] + iZero;
      if( iFrame<=iLast && aPgno[aHash[iKey]]==pgno ){
        assert( iFrame>iRead || CORRUPT_DB );
        iRead = iFrame;
      }
      if( (nCollide--)==0 ){
        return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      }
    }
  }
................................................................................
    pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[1] = aWalData[2];
    walCleanupHash(pWal);
  }

  return rc;
}


/*
** This function is called just before writing a set of frames to the log
** file (see sqlite3WalFrames()). It checks to see if, instead of appending
** to the current log file, it is possible to overwrite the start of the
** existing log file with the new frames (i.e. "reset" the log). If so,
** it sets pWal->hdr.mxFrame to 0. Otherwise, pWal->hdr.mxFrame is left
** unchanged.
................................................................................
        ** readers are currently using the WAL), then the transactions
        ** frames will overwrite the start of the existing log. Update the
        ** wal-index header to reflect this.
        **
        ** In theory it would be Ok to update the cache of the header only
        ** at this point. But updating the actual wal-index header is also
        ** safe and means there is no special case for sqlite3WalUndo()
        ** to handle if this transaction is rolled back.  */













        walRestartHdr(pWal, salt1);
        walUnlockExclusive(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(1), WAL_NREADER-1);
      }else if( rc!=SQLITE_BUSY ){
        return rc;
      }
    }
    walUnlockShared(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(0));
    pWal->readLock = -1;
................................................................................
** we can from WAL into the database.
**
** If parameter xBusy is not NULL, it is a pointer to a busy-handler
** callback. In this case this function runs a blocking checkpoint.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WalCheckpoint(
  Wal *pWal,                      /* Wal connection */
  int eMode,                      /* PASSIVE, FULL, RESTART, or TRUNCATE */
  int (*xBusy)(void*),            /* Function to call when busy */
  void *pBusyArg,                 /* Context argument for xBusyHandler */
  int sync_flags,                 /* Flags to sync db file with (or 0) */
  int nBuf,                       /* Size of temporary buffer */
  u8 *zBuf,                       /* Temporary buffer to use */
  int *pnLog,                     /* OUT: Number of frames in WAL */
  int *pnCkpt                     /* OUT: Number of backfilled frames in WAL */
){
  int rc;                         /* Return code */
  int isChanged = 0;              /* True if a new wal-index header is loaded */
  int eMode2 = eMode;             /* Mode to pass to walCheckpoint() */
  int (*xBusy2)(void*) = xBusy;   /* Busy handler for eMode2 */

  assert( pWal->ckptLock==0 );
  assert( pWal->writeLock==0 );

  /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-62920-47450 The busy-handler callback is never invoked
  ** in the SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE mode. */
  assert( eMode!=SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE || xBusy==0 );

  if( pWal->readOnly ) return SQLITE_READONLY;
  WALTRACE(("WAL%p: checkpoint begins\n", pWal));

  /* IMPLEMENTATION-OF: R-62028-47212 All calls obtain an exclusive 
  ** "checkpoint" lock on the database file. */
  rc = walLockExclusive(pWal, WAL_CKPT_LOCK, 1);
  if( rc ){



    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-10421-19736 If any other process is running a
    ** checkpoint operation at the same time, the lock cannot be obtained and
    ** SQLITE_BUSY is returned.
    ** EVIDENCE-OF: R-53820-33897 Even if there is a busy-handler configured,
    ** it will not be invoked in this case.
    */
    testcase( rc==SQLITE_BUSY );
    testcase( xBusy!=0 );
    return rc;
  }
  pWal->ckptLock = 1;

  /* IMPLEMENTATION-OF: R-59782-36818 The SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL, RESTART and
  ** TRUNCATE modes also obtain the exclusive "writer" lock on the database
  ** file.
  **
  ** EVIDENCE-OF: R-60642-04082 If the writer lock cannot be obtained
  ** immediately, and a busy-handler is configured, it is invoked and the
  ** writer lock retried until either the busy-handler returns 0 or the
  ** lock is successfully obtained.
  */
  if( eMode!=SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE ){
    rc = walBusyLock(pWal, xBusy, pBusyArg, WAL_WRITE_LOCK, 1);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      pWal->writeLock = 1;
    }else if( rc==SQLITE_BUSY ){
      eMode2 = SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE;
      xBusy2 = 0;
      rc = SQLITE_OK;
    }
  }

  /* Read the wal-index header. */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = walIndexReadHdr(pWal, &isChanged);
................................................................................
  }

  /* Copy data from the log to the database file. */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( pWal->hdr.mxFrame && walPagesize(pWal)!=nBuf ){
      rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }else{
      rc = walCheckpoint(pWal, eMode2, xBusy2, pBusyArg, sync_flags, zBuf);
    }

    /* If no error occurred, set the output variables. */
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK || rc==SQLITE_BUSY ){
      if( pnLog ) *pnLog = (int)pWal->hdr.mxFrame;
      if( pnCkpt ) *pnCkpt = (int)(walCkptInfo(pWal)->nBackfill);
    }
................................................................................
  sqlite3 *db;       /* The database connection holding this btree */
  BtShared *pBt;     /* Sharable content of this btree */
  u8 inTrans;        /* TRANS_NONE, TRANS_READ or TRANS_WRITE */
  u8 sharable;       /* True if we can share pBt with another db */
  u8 locked;         /* True if db currently has pBt locked */
  int wantToLock;    /* Number of nested calls to sqlite3BtreeEnter() */
  int nBackup;       /* Number of backup operations reading this btree */
  u32 iDataVersion;  /* Combines with pBt->pPager->iDataVersion */
  Btree *pNext;      /* List of other sharable Btrees from the same db */
  Btree *pPrev;      /* Back pointer of the same list */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
  BtLock lock;       /* Object used to lock page 1 */
#endif
};

................................................................................


/*
** Defragment the page given.  All Cells are moved to the
** end of the page and all free space is collected into one
** big FreeBlk that occurs in between the header and cell
** pointer array and the cell content area.
**
** EVIDENCE-OF: R-44582-60138 SQLite may from time to time reorganize a
** b-tree page so that there are no freeblocks or fragment bytes, all
** unused bytes are contained in the unallocated space region, and all
** cells are packed tightly at the end of the page.
*/
static int defragmentPage(MemPage *pPage){
  int i;                     /* Loop counter */
  int pc;                    /* Address of the i-th cell */
  int hdr;                   /* Offset to the page header */
  int size;                  /* Size of a cell */
  int usableSize;            /* Number of usable bytes on a page */
  int cellOffset;            /* Offset to the cell pointer array */
  int cbrk;                  /* Offset to the cell content area */
  int nCell;                 /* Number of cells on the page */
  unsigned char *data;       /* The page data */
  unsigned char *temp;       /* Temp area for cell content */
  unsigned char *src;        /* Source of content */
  int iCellFirst;            /* First allowable cell index */
  int iCellLast;             /* Last possible cell index */


  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pPage->pDbPage) );
  assert( pPage->pBt!=0 );
  assert( pPage->pBt->usableSize <= SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE );
  assert( pPage->nOverflow==0 );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  temp = 0;
  src = data = pPage->aData;
  hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;
  cellOffset = pPage->cellOffset;
  nCell = pPage->nCell;
  assert( nCell==get2byte(&data[hdr+3]) );
  usableSize = pPage->pBt->usableSize;


  cbrk = usableSize;
  iCellFirst = cellOffset + 2*nCell;
  iCellLast = usableSize - 4;
  for(i=0; i<nCell; i++){
    u8 *pAddr;     /* The i-th cell pointer */
    pAddr = &data[cellOffset + i*2];
    pc = get2byte(pAddr);
................................................................................
    ** if SQLITE_ENABLE_OVERSIZE_CELL_CHECK is defined 
    */
    if( pc<iCellFirst || pc>iCellLast ){
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }
#endif
    assert( pc>=iCellFirst && pc<=iCellLast );
    size = cellSizePtr(pPage, &src[pc]);
    cbrk -= size;
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_OVERSIZE_CELL_CHECK)
    if( cbrk<iCellFirst ){
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }
#else
    if( cbrk<iCellFirst || pc+size>usableSize ){
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }
#endif
    assert( cbrk+size<=usableSize && cbrk>=iCellFirst );
    testcase( cbrk+size==usableSize );
    testcase( pc+size==usableSize );

    put2byte(pAddr, cbrk);
    if( temp==0 ){
      int x;
      if( cbrk==pc ) continue;
      temp = sqlite3PagerTempSpace(pPage->pBt->pPager);
      x = get2byte(&data[hdr+5]);
      memcpy(&temp[x], &data[x], (cbrk+size) - x);
      src = temp;
    }
    memcpy(&data[cbrk], &src[pc], size);
  }
  assert( cbrk>=iCellFirst );
  put2byte(&data[hdr+5], cbrk);
  data[hdr+1] = 0;
  data[hdr+2] = 0;
  data[hdr+7] = 0;
  memset(&data[iCellFirst], 0, cbrk-iCellFirst);
  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pPage->pDbPage) );
  if( cbrk-iCellFirst!=pPage->nFree ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Search the free-list on page pPg for space to store a cell nByte bytes in
** size. If one can be found, return a pointer to the space and remove it
** from the free-list.
**
** If no suitable space can be found on the free-list, return NULL.
**
** This function may detect corruption within pPg.  If corruption is
** detected then *pRc is set to SQLITE_CORRUPT and NULL is returned.
**
** If a slot of at least nByte bytes is found but cannot be used because 
** there are already at least 60 fragmented bytes on the page, return NULL.
** In this case, if pbDefrag parameter is not NULL, set *pbDefrag to true.
*/
static u8 *pageFindSlot(MemPage *pPg, int nByte, int *pRc, int *pbDefrag){
  const int hdr = pPg->hdrOffset;
  u8 * const aData = pPg->aData;
  int iAddr;
  int pc;
  int usableSize = pPg->pBt->usableSize;

  for(iAddr=hdr+1; (pc = get2byte(&aData[iAddr]))>0; iAddr=pc){
    int size;            /* Size of the free slot */
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-06866-39125 Freeblocks are always connected in order of
    ** increasing offset. */
    if( pc>usableSize-4 || pc<iAddr+4 ){
      *pRc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      return 0;
    }
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-22710-53328 The third and fourth bytes of each
    ** freeblock form a big-endian integer which is the size of the freeblock
    ** in bytes, including the 4-byte header. */
    size = get2byte(&aData[pc+2]);
    if( size>=nByte ){
      int x = size - nByte;
      testcase( x==4 );
      testcase( x==3 );
      if( x<4 ){
        /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-11498-58022 In a well-formed b-tree page, the total
        ** number of bytes in fragments may not exceed 60. */
        if( aData[hdr+7]>=60 ){
          if( pbDefrag ) *pbDefrag = 1;
          return 0;
        }
        /* Remove the slot from the free-list. Update the number of
        ** fragmented bytes within the page. */
        memcpy(&aData[iAddr], &aData[pc], 2);
        aData[hdr+7] += (u8)x;
      }else if( size+pc > usableSize ){
        *pRc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
        return 0;
      }else{
        /* The slot remains on the free-list. Reduce its size to account
         ** for the portion used by the new allocation. */
        put2byte(&aData[pc+2], x);
      }
      return &aData[pc + x];
    }
  }

  return 0;
}

/*
** Allocate nByte bytes of space from within the B-Tree page passed
** as the first argument. Write into *pIdx the index into pPage->aData[]
** of the first byte of allocated space. Return either SQLITE_OK or
** an error code (usually SQLITE_CORRUPT).
**
................................................................................
** allocation is being made in order to insert a new cell, so we will
** also end up needing a new cell pointer.
*/
static int allocateSpace(MemPage *pPage, int nByte, int *pIdx){
  const int hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;    /* Local cache of pPage->hdrOffset */
  u8 * const data = pPage->aData;      /* Local cache of pPage->aData */
  int top;                             /* First byte of cell content area */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;                  /* Integer return code */
  int gap;        /* First byte of gap between cell pointers and cell content */


  
  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pPage->pDbPage) );
  assert( pPage->pBt );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  assert( nByte>=0 );  /* Minimum cell size is 4 */
  assert( pPage->nFree>=nByte );
  assert( pPage->nOverflow==0 );
  assert( nByte < (int)(pPage->pBt->usableSize-8) );


  assert( pPage->cellOffset == hdr + 12 - 4*pPage->leaf );
  gap = pPage->cellOffset + 2*pPage->nCell;
  assert( gap<=65536 );
  /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-29356-02391 If the database uses a 65536-byte page size
  ** and the reserved space is zero (the usual value for reserved space)
  ** then the cell content offset of an empty page wants to be 65536.
  ** However, that integer is too large to be stored in a 2-byte unsigned
  ** integer, so a value of 0 is used in its place. */
  top = get2byteNotZero(&data[hdr+5]);
  if( gap>top ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;


  /* If there is enough space between gap and top for one more cell pointer
  ** array entry offset, and if the freelist is not empty, then search the
  ** freelist looking for a free slot big enough to satisfy the request.
  */
  testcase( gap+2==top );
  testcase( gap+1==top );
  testcase( gap==top );
  if( gap+2<=top && (data[hdr+1] || data[hdr+2]) ){
    int bDefrag = 0;
    u8 *pSpace = pageFindSlot(pPage, nByte, &rc, &bDefrag);
    if( rc ) return rc;









    if( bDefrag ) goto defragment_page;











    if( pSpace ){
      assert( pSpace>=data && (pSpace - data)<65536 );
      *pIdx = (int)(pSpace - data);
      return SQLITE_OK;

    }
  }

  /* The request could not be fulfilled using a freelist slot.  Check
  ** to see if defragmentation is necessary.
  */
  testcase( gap+2+nByte==top );
  if( gap+2+nByte>top ){
 defragment_page:
    assert( pPage->nCell>0 || CORRUPT_DB );
    rc = defragmentPage(pPage);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    top = get2byteNotZero(&data[hdr+5]);
    assert( gap+nByte<=top );
  }


................................................................................
  u32 iLast = pPage->pBt->usableSize-4; /* Largest possible freeblock offset */
  u32 iEnd = iStart + iSize;            /* First byte past the iStart buffer */
  unsigned char *data = pPage->aData;   /* Page content */

  assert( pPage->pBt!=0 );
  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pPage->pDbPage) );
  assert( iStart>=pPage->hdrOffset+6+pPage->childPtrSize );
  assert( CORRUPT_DB || iEnd <= pPage->pBt->usableSize );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  assert( iSize>=4 );   /* Minimum cell size is 4 */
  assert( iStart<=iLast );

  /* Overwrite deleted information with zeros when the secure_delete
  ** option is enabled */
  if( pPage->pBt->btsFlags & BTS_SECURE_DELETE ){
................................................................................
  assert( pPage->hdrOffset==(pPage->pgno==1 ? 100 : 0) );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  pPage->leaf = (u8)(flagByte>>3);  assert( PTF_LEAF == 1<<3 );
  flagByte &= ~PTF_LEAF;
  pPage->childPtrSize = 4-4*pPage->leaf;
  pBt = pPage->pBt;
  if( flagByte==(PTF_LEAFDATA | PTF_INTKEY) ){
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-03640-13415 A value of 5 means the page is an interior
    ** table b-tree page. */
    assert( (PTF_LEAFDATA|PTF_INTKEY)==5 );
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-20501-61796 A value of 13 means the page is a leaf
    ** table b-tree page. */
    assert( (PTF_LEAFDATA|PTF_INTKEY|PTF_LEAF)==13 );
    pPage->intKey = 1;
    pPage->intKeyLeaf = pPage->leaf;
    pPage->noPayload = !pPage->leaf;
    pPage->maxLocal = pBt->maxLeaf;
    pPage->minLocal = pBt->minLeaf;
  }else if( flagByte==PTF_ZERODATA ){
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-27225-53936 A value of 2 means the page is an interior
    ** index b-tree page. */
    assert( (PTF_ZERODATA)==2 );
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-16571-11615 A value of 10 means the page is a leaf
    ** index b-tree page. */
    assert( (PTF_ZERODATA|PTF_LEAF)==10 );
    pPage->intKey = 0;
    pPage->intKeyLeaf = 0;
    pPage->noPayload = 0;
    pPage->maxLocal = pBt->maxLocal;
    pPage->minLocal = pBt->minLocal;
  }else{
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-47608-56469 Any other value for the b-tree page type is
    ** an error. */
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  pPage->max1bytePayload = pBt->max1bytePayload;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
................................................................................
    int iCellFirst;    /* First allowable cell or freeblock offset */
    int iCellLast;     /* Last possible cell or freeblock offset */

    pBt = pPage->pBt;

    hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;
    data = pPage->aData;
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-28594-02890 The one-byte flag at offset 0 indicating
    ** the b-tree page type. */
    if( decodeFlags(pPage, data[hdr]) ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    assert( pBt->pageSize>=512 && pBt->pageSize<=65536 );
    pPage->maskPage = (u16)(pBt->pageSize - 1);
    pPage->nOverflow = 0;
    usableSize = pBt->usableSize;
    pPage->cellOffset = cellOffset = hdr + 8 + pPage->childPtrSize;
    pPage->aDataEnd = &data[usableSize];
    pPage->aCellIdx = &data[cellOffset];
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-58015-48175 The two-byte integer at offset 5 designates
    ** the start of the cell content area. A zero value for this integer is
    ** interpreted as 65536. */
    top = get2byteNotZero(&data[hdr+5]);
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-37002-32774 The two-byte integer at offset 3 gives the
    ** number of cells on the page. */
    pPage->nCell = get2byte(&data[hdr+3]);
    if( pPage->nCell>MX_CELL(pBt) ){
      /* To many cells for a single page.  The page must be corrupt */
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }
    testcase( pPage->nCell==MX_CELL(pBt) );
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-24089-57979 If a page contains no cells (which is only
    ** possible for a root page of a table that contains no rows) then the
    ** offset to the cell content area will equal the page size minus the
    ** bytes of reserved space. */
    assert( pPage->nCell>0 || top==usableSize || CORRUPT_DB );

    /* A malformed database page might cause us to read past the end
    ** of page when parsing a cell.  
    **
    ** The following block of code checks early to see if a cell extends
    ** past the end of a page boundary and causes SQLITE_CORRUPT to be 
    ** returned if it does.
................................................................................
          return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
        }
      }
      if( !pPage->leaf ) iCellLast++;
    }  
#endif

    /* Compute the total free space on the page
    ** EVIDENCE-OF: R-23588-34450 The two-byte integer at offset 1 gives the
    ** start of the first freeblock on the page, or is zero if there are no
    ** freeblocks. */
    pc = get2byte(&data[hdr+1]);
    nFree = data[hdr+7] + top;  /* Init nFree to non-freeblock free space */
    while( pc>0 ){
      u16 next, size;
      if( pc<iCellFirst || pc>iCellLast ){
        /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-55530-52930 In a well-formed b-tree page, there will
        ** always be at least one cell before the first freeblock.
        **
        ** Or, the freeblock is off the end of the page
        */
        return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT; 
      }
      next = get2byte(&data[pc]);
      size = get2byte(&data[pc+2]);
      if( (next>0 && next<=pc+size+3) || pc+size>usableSize ){
        /* Free blocks must be in ascending order. And the last byte of
        ** the free-block must lie on the database page.  */
................................................................................
  
    pBt->pCursor = 0;
    pBt->pPage1 = 0;
    if( sqlite3PagerIsreadonly(pBt->pPager) ) pBt->btsFlags |= BTS_READ_ONLY;
#ifdef SQLITE_SECURE_DELETE
    pBt->btsFlags |= BTS_SECURE_DELETE;
#endif
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-51873-39618 The page size for a database file is
    ** determined by the 2-byte integer located at an offset of 16 bytes from
    ** the beginning of the database file. */
    pBt->pageSize = (zDbHeader[16]<<8) | (zDbHeader[17]<<16);
    if( pBt->pageSize<512 || pBt->pageSize>SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
         || ((pBt->pageSize-1)&pBt->pageSize)!=0 ){
      pBt->pageSize = 0;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
      /* If the magic name ":memory:" will create an in-memory database, then
      ** leave the autoVacuum mode at 0 (do not auto-vacuum), even if
................................................................................
      if( zFilename && !isMemdb ){
        pBt->autoVacuum = (SQLITE_DEFAULT_AUTOVACUUM ? 1 : 0);
        pBt->incrVacuum = (SQLITE_DEFAULT_AUTOVACUUM==2 ? 1 : 0);
      }
#endif
      nReserve = 0;
    }else{
      /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-37497-42412 The size of the reserved region is
      ** determined by the one-byte unsigned integer found at an offset of 20
      ** into the database file header. */
      nReserve = zDbHeader[20];
      pBt->btsFlags |= BTS_PAGESIZE_FIXED;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
      pBt->autoVacuum = (get4byte(&zDbHeader[36 + 4*4])?1:0);
      pBt->incrVacuum = (get4byte(&zDbHeader[36 + 7*4])?1:0);
#endif
    }
................................................................................
    nPage = nPageFile;
  }
  if( nPage>0 ){
    u32 pageSize;
    u32 usableSize;
    u8 *page1 = pPage1->aData;
    rc = SQLITE_NOTADB;
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-43737-39999 Every valid SQLite database file begins
    ** with the following 16 bytes (in hex): 53 51 4c 69 74 65 20 66 6f 72 6d
    ** 61 74 20 33 00. */
    if( memcmp(page1, zMagicHeader, 16)!=0 ){
      goto page1_init_failed;
    }

#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
    if( page1[18]>1 ){
      pBt->btsFlags |= BTS_READ_ONLY;
................................................................................
        releasePage(pPage1);
        return SQLITE_OK;
      }
      rc = SQLITE_NOTADB;
    }
#endif

    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-15465-20813 The maximum and minimum embedded payload
    ** fractions and the leaf payload fraction values must be 64, 32, and 32.
    **
    ** The original design allowed these amounts to vary, but as of
    ** version 3.6.0, we require them to be fixed.
    */
    if( memcmp(&page1[21], "\100\040\040",3)!=0 ){
      goto page1_init_failed;
    }
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-51873-39618 The page size for a database file is
    ** determined by the 2-byte integer located at an offset of 16 bytes from
    ** the beginning of the database file. */
    pageSize = (page1[16]<<8) | (page1[17]<<16);
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-25008-21688 The size of a page is a power of two
    ** between 512 and 65536 inclusive. */
    if( ((pageSize-1)&pageSize)!=0
     || pageSize>SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE 
     || pageSize<=256 
    ){
      goto page1_init_failed;
    }
    assert( (pageSize & 7)==0 );
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-59310-51205 The "reserved space" size in the 1-byte
    ** integer at offset 20 is the number of bytes of space at the end of
    ** each page to reserve for extensions. 
    **
    ** EVIDENCE-OF: R-37497-42412 The size of the reserved region is
    ** determined by the one-byte unsigned integer found at an offset of 20
    ** into the database file header. */
    usableSize = pageSize - page1[20];
    if( (u32)pageSize!=pBt->pageSize ){
      /* After reading the first page of the database assuming a page size
      ** of BtShared.pageSize, we have discovered that the page-size is
      ** actually pageSize. Unlock the database, leave pBt->pPage1 at
      ** zero and return SQLITE_OK. The caller will call this function
      ** again with the correct page-size.
................................................................................
                                   pageSize-usableSize);
      return rc;
    }
    if( (pBt->db->flags & SQLITE_RecoveryMode)==0 && nPage>nPageFile ){
      rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      goto page1_init_failed;
    }
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-28312-64704 However, the usable size is not allowed to
    ** be less than 480. In other words, if the page size is 512, then the
    ** reserved space size cannot exceed 32. */
    if( usableSize<480 ){
      goto page1_init_failed;
    }
    pBt->pageSize = pageSize;
    pBt->usableSize = usableSize;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
    pBt->autoVacuum = (get4byte(&page1[36 + 4*4])?1:0);
................................................................................
    assert( pBt->inTransaction==TRANS_WRITE );
    assert( pBt->nTransaction>0 );
    rc = sqlite3PagerCommitPhaseTwo(pBt->pPager);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK && bCleanup==0 ){
      sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
      return rc;
    }
    p->iDataVersion--;  /* Compensate for pPager->iDataVersion++; */
    pBt->inTransaction = TRANS_READ;
    btreeClearHasContent(pBt);
  }

  btreeEndTransaction(p);
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  return SQLITE_OK;
................................................................................
    if( pCur->pNext ){
      pCur->pNext->pPrev = pCur->pPrev;
    }
    for(i=0; i<=pCur->iPage; i++){
      releasePage(pCur->apPage[i]);
    }
    unlockBtreeIfUnused(pBt);
    sqlite3_free(pCur->aOverflow);
    /* sqlite3_free(pCur); */
    sqlite3BtreeLeave(pBtree);
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
................................................................................
    rc = copyPayload(&aPayload[offset], pBuf, a, (eOp & 0x01), pPage->pDbPage);
    offset = 0;
    pBuf += a;
    amt -= a;
  }else{
    offset -= pCur->info.nLocal;
  }


  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && amt>0 ){
    const u32 ovflSize = pBt->usableSize - 4;  /* Bytes content per ovfl page */
    Pgno nextPage;

    nextPage = get4byte(&aPayload[pCur->info.nLocal]);

................................................................................
    ** in the overflow chain. The page number of the first overflow page is
    ** stored in aOverflow[0], etc. A value of 0 in the aOverflow[] array
    ** means "not yet known" (the cache is lazily populated).
    */
    if( eOp!=2 && (pCur->curFlags & BTCF_ValidOvfl)==0 ){
      int nOvfl = (pCur->info.nPayload-pCur->info.nLocal+ovflSize-1)/ovflSize;
      if( nOvfl>pCur->nOvflAlloc ){
        Pgno *aNew = (Pgno*)sqlite3Realloc(
            pCur->aOverflow, nOvfl*2*sizeof(Pgno)
        );
        if( aNew==0 ){
          rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
        }else{
          pCur->nOvflAlloc = nOvfl*2;
          pCur->aOverflow = aNew;
        }
................................................................................
        ** function.
        **
        ** Note that the aOverflow[] array must be allocated because eOp!=2
        ** here.  If eOp==2, then offset==0 and this branch is never taken.
        */
        assert( eOp!=2 );
        assert( pCur->curFlags & BTCF_ValidOvfl );
        assert( pCur->pBtree->db==pBt->db );
        if( pCur->aOverflow[iIdx+1] ){
          nextPage = pCur->aOverflow[iIdx+1];
        }else{
          rc = getOverflowPage(pBt, nextPage, 0, &nextPage);
        }
        offset -= ovflSize;
      }else{
................................................................................
  MemPage *pPrevTrunk = 0;
  Pgno mxPage;     /* Total size of the database file */

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  assert( eMode==BTALLOC_ANY || (nearby>0 && IfNotOmitAV(pBt->autoVacuum)) );
  pPage1 = pBt->pPage1;
  mxPage = btreePagecount(pBt);
  /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-05119-02637 The 4-byte big-endian integer at offset 36
  ** stores stores the total number of pages on the freelist. */
  n = get4byte(&pPage1->aData[36]);
  testcase( n==mxPage-1 );
  if( n>=mxPage ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  if( n>0 ){
    /* There are pages on the freelist.  Reuse one of those pages. */
................................................................................
    ** is not true. Otherwise, it runs once for each trunk-page on the
    ** free-list until the page 'nearby' is located (eMode==BTALLOC_EXACT)
    ** or until a page less than 'nearby' is located (eMode==BTALLOC_LT)
    */
    do {
      pPrevTrunk = pTrunk;
      if( pPrevTrunk ){
        /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-01506-11053 The first integer on a freelist trunk page
        ** is the page number of the next freelist trunk page in the list or
        ** zero if this is the last freelist trunk page. */
        iTrunk = get4byte(&pPrevTrunk->aData[0]);
      }else{
        /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-59841-13798 The 4-byte big-endian integer at offset 32
        ** stores the page number of the first page of the freelist, or zero if
        ** the freelist is empty. */
        iTrunk = get4byte(&pPage1->aData[32]);
      }
      testcase( iTrunk==mxPage );
      if( iTrunk>mxPage ){
        rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      }else{
        rc = btreeGetPage(pBt, iTrunk, &pTrunk, 0);
................................................................................
      }
      if( rc ){
        pTrunk = 0;
        goto end_allocate_page;
      }
      assert( pTrunk!=0 );
      assert( pTrunk->aData!=0 );
      /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-13523-04394 The second integer on a freelist trunk page
      ** is the number of leaf page pointers to follow. */
      k = get4byte(&pTrunk->aData[4]);
      if( k==0 && !searchList ){
        /* The trunk has no leaves and the list is not being searched. 
        ** So extract the trunk page itself and use it as the newly 
        ** allocated page */
        assert( pPrevTrunk==0 );
        rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pTrunk->pDbPage);
        if( rc ){
................................................................................
      ** 3.6.0, databases with freelist trunk pages holding more than
      ** usableSize/4 - 8 entries will be reported as corrupt.  In order
      ** to maintain backwards compatibility with older versions of SQLite,
      ** we will continue to restrict the number of entries to usableSize/4 - 8
      ** for now.  At some point in the future (once everyone has upgraded
      ** to 3.6.0 or later) we should consider fixing the conditional above
      ** to read "usableSize/4-2" instead of "usableSize/4-8".
      **
      ** EVIDENCE-OF: R-19920-11576 However, newer versions of SQLite still
      ** avoid using the last six entries in the freelist trunk page array in
      ** order that database files created by newer versions of SQLite can be
      ** read by older versions of SQLite.
      */
      rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pTrunk->pDbPage);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        put4byte(&pTrunk->aData[4], nLeaf+1);
        put4byte(&pTrunk->aData[8+nLeaf*4], iPage);
        if( pPage && (pBt->btsFlags & BTS_SECURE_DELETE)==0 ){
          sqlite3PagerDontWrite(pPage->pDbPage);
................................................................................
  }
  rc = freeSpace(pPage, pc, sz);
  if( rc ){
    *pRC = rc;
    return;
  }
  pPage->nCell--;
  if( pPage->nCell==0 ){
    memset(&data[hdr+1], 0, 4);
    data[hdr+7] = 0;
    put2byte(&data[hdr+5], pPage->pBt->usableSize);
    pPage->nFree = pPage->pBt->usableSize - pPage->hdrOffset
                       - pPage->childPtrSize - 8;
  }else{
    memmove(ptr, ptr+2, 2*(pPage->nCell - idx));
    put2byte(&data[hdr+3], pPage->nCell);
    pPage->nFree += 2;
  }
}

/*
** Insert a new cell on pPage at cell index "i".  pCell points to the
** content of the cell.
**
** If the cell content will fit on the page, then put it there.  If it
................................................................................
      ptrmapPutOvflPtr(pPage, pCell, pRC);
    }
#endif
  }
}

/*
** Array apCell[] contains pointers to nCell b-tree page cells. The 
** szCell[] array contains the size in bytes of each cell. This function
** replaces the current contents of page pPg with the contents of the cell
** array.
**
** Some of the cells in apCell[] may currently be stored in pPg. This
** function works around problems caused by this by making a copy of any 
** such cells before overwriting the page data.
**
** The MemPage.nFree field is invalidated by this function. It is the 
** responsibility of the caller to set it correctly.
*/
static void rebuildPage(


  MemPage *pPg,                   /* Edit this page */
  int nCell,                      /* Final number of cells on page */
  u8 **apCell,                    /* Array of cells */

  u16 *szCell                     /* Array of cell sizes */
){






  const int hdr = pPg->hdrOffset;          /* Offset of header on pPg */
  u8 * const aData = pPg->aData;           /* Pointer to data for pPg */
  const int usableSize = pPg->pBt->usableSize;
  u8 * const pEnd = &aData[usableSize];
  int i;
  u8 *pCellptr = pPg->aCellIdx;
  u8 *pTmp = sqlite3PagerTempSpace(pPg->pBt->pPager);
  u8 *pData;

  i = get2byte(&aData[hdr+5]);
  memcpy(&pTmp[i], &aData[i], usableSize - i);

  pData = pEnd;
  for(i=0; i<nCell; i++){
    u8 *pCell = apCell[i];
    if( pCell>aData && pCell<pEnd ){
      pCell = &pTmp[pCell - aData];
    }
    pData -= szCell[i];
    memcpy(pData, pCell, szCell[i]);
    put2byte(pCellptr, (pData - aData));
    pCellptr += 2;
    assert( szCell[i]==cellSizePtr(pPg, pCell) );
  }

  /* The pPg->nFree field is now set incorrectly. The caller will fix it. */
  pPg->nCell = nCell;
  pPg->nOverflow = 0;








  put2byte(&aData[hdr+1], 0);
  put2byte(&aData[hdr+3], pPg->nCell);
  put2byte(&aData[hdr+5], pData - aData);
  aData[hdr+7] = 0x00;
}





/*
** Array apCell[] contains nCell pointers to b-tree cells. Array szCell
** contains the size in bytes of each such cell. This function attempts to 
** add the cells stored in the array to page pPg. If it cannot (because 
** the page needs to be defragmented before the cells will fit), non-zero
** is returned. Otherwise, if the cells are added successfully, zero is
** returned.
**
** Argument pCellptr points to the first entry in the cell-pointer array
** (part of page pPg) to populate. After cell apCell[0] is written to the
** page body, a 16-bit offset is written to pCellptr. And so on, for each
** cell in the array. It is the responsibility of the caller to ensure
** that it is safe to overwrite this part of the cell-pointer array.
**
** When this function is called, *ppData points to the start of the 
** content area on page pPg. If the size of the content area is extended,
** *ppData is updated to point to the new start of the content area
** before returning.
**
** Finally, argument pBegin points to the byte immediately following the
** end of the space required by this page for the cell-pointer area (for
** all cells - not just those inserted by the current call). If the content
** area must be extended to before this point in order to accomodate all
** cells in apCell[], then the cells do not fit and non-zero is returned.
*/
static int pageInsertArray(
  MemPage *pPg,                   /* Page to add cells to */
  u8 *pBegin,                     /* End of cell-pointer array */
  u8 **ppData,                    /* IN/OUT: Page content -area pointer */
  u8 *pCellptr,                   /* Pointer to cell-pointer area */
  int nCell,                      /* Number of cells to add to pPg */
  u8 **apCell,                    /* Array of cells */
  u16 *szCell                     /* Array of cell sizes */
){
  int i;
  u8 *aData = pPg->aData;
  u8 *pData = *ppData;
  const int bFreelist = aData[1] || aData[2];
  assert( CORRUPT_DB || pPg->hdrOffset==0 );    /* Never called on page 1 */
  for(i=0; i<nCell; i++){
    int sz = szCell[i];
    int rc;
    u8 *pSlot;
    if( bFreelist==0 || (pSlot = pageFindSlot(pPg, sz, &rc, 0))==0 ){
      pData -= sz;
      if( pData<pBegin ) return 1;
      pSlot = pData;
    }
    memcpy(pSlot, apCell[i], sz);
    put2byte(pCellptr, (pSlot - aData));
    pCellptr += 2;
  }
  *ppData = pData;
  return 0;
}

/*
** Array apCell[] contains nCell pointers to b-tree cells. Array szCell 
** contains the size in bytes of each such cell. This function adds the
** space associated with each cell in the array that is currently stored 
** within the body of pPg to the pPg free-list. The cell-pointers and other
** fields of the page are not updated.
**
** This function returns the total number of cells added to the free-list.
*/
static int pageFreeArray(
  MemPage *pPg,                   /* Page to edit */
  int nCell,                      /* Cells to delete */
  u8 **apCell,                    /* Array of cells */
  u16 *szCell                     /* Array of cell sizes */
){
  u8 * const aData = pPg->aData;
  u8 * const pEnd = &aData[pPg->pBt->usableSize];
  u8 * const pStart = &aData[pPg->hdrOffset + 8 + pPg->childPtrSize];
  int nRet = 0;
  int i;
  u8 *pFree = 0;
  int szFree = 0;

  for(i=0; i<nCell; i++){
    u8 *pCell = apCell[i];
    if( pCell>=pStart && pCell<pEnd ){
      int sz = szCell[i];
      if( pFree!=(pCell + sz) ){
        if( pFree ){
          assert( pFree>aData && (pFree - aData)<65536 );
          freeSpace(pPg, (u16)(pFree - aData), szFree);
        }
        pFree = pCell;
        szFree = sz;
        if( pFree+sz>pEnd ) return 0;
      }else{
        pFree = pCell;
        szFree += sz;
      }
      nRet++;
    }
  }
  if( pFree ){
    assert( pFree>aData && (pFree - aData)<65536 );
    freeSpace(pPg, (u16)(pFree - aData), szFree);
  }
  return nRet;
}

/*
** apCell[] and szCell[] contains pointers to and sizes of all cells in the
** pages being balanced.  The current page, pPg, has pPg->nCell cells starting
** with apCell[iOld].  After balancing, this page should hold nNew cells
** starting at apCell[iNew].
**
** This routine makes the necessary adjustments to pPg so that it contains
** the correct cells after being balanced.
**
** The pPg->nFree field is invalid when this function returns. It is the
** responsibility of the caller to set it correctly.
*/
static void editPage(
  MemPage *pPg,                   /* Edit this page */
  int iOld,                       /* Index of first cell currently on page */
  int iNew,                       /* Index of new first cell on page */
  int nNew,                       /* Final number of cells on page */
  u8 **apCell,                    /* Array of cells */
  u16 *szCell                     /* Array of cell sizes */
){
  u8 * const aData = pPg->aData;
  const int hdr = pPg->hdrOffset;
  u8 *pBegin = &pPg->aCellIdx[nNew * 2];
  int nCell = pPg->nCell;       /* Cells stored on pPg */
  u8 *pData;
  u8 *pCellptr;

  int i;
  int iOldEnd = iOld + pPg->nCell + pPg->nOverflow;
  int iNewEnd = iNew + nNew;




#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  u8 *pTmp = sqlite3PagerTempSpace(pPg->pBt->pPager);
  memcpy(pTmp, aData, pPg->pBt->usableSize);
#endif

  /* Remove cells from the start and end of the page */
  if( iOld<iNew ){
    int nShift = pageFreeArray(
        pPg, iNew-iOld, &apCell[iOld], &szCell[iOld]
    );
    memmove(pPg->aCellIdx, &pPg->aCellIdx[nShift*2], nCell*2);
    nCell -= nShift;
  }
  if( iNewEnd < iOldEnd ){
    nCell -= pageFreeArray(
        pPg, iOldEnd-iNewEnd, &apCell[iNewEnd], &szCell[iNewEnd]
    );
  }

  pData = &aData[get2byteNotZero(&aData[hdr+5])];
  if( pData<pBegin ) goto editpage_fail;

  /* Add cells to the start of the page */
  if( iNew<iOld ){
    int nAdd = MIN(nNew,iOld-iNew);
    assert( (iOld-iNew)<nNew || nCell==0 || CORRUPT_DB );
    pCellptr = pPg->aCellIdx;
    memmove(&pCellptr[nAdd*2], pCellptr, nCell*2);
    if( pageInsertArray(
          pPg, pBegin, &pData, pCellptr,
          nAdd, &apCell[iNew], &szCell[iNew]
    ) ) goto editpage_fail;
    nCell += nAdd;
  }

  /* Add any overflow cells */
  for(i=0; i<pPg->nOverflow; i++){
    int iCell = (iOld + pPg->aiOvfl[i]) - iNew;
    if( iCell>=0 && iCell<nNew ){
      pCellptr = &pPg->aCellIdx[iCell * 2];
      memmove(&pCellptr[2], pCellptr, (nCell - iCell) * 2);
      nCell++;
      if( pageInsertArray(
            pPg, pBegin, &pData, pCellptr,
            1, &apCell[iCell + iNew], &szCell[iCell + iNew]
      ) ) goto editpage_fail;
    }
  }

  /* Append cells to the end of the page */
  pCellptr = &pPg->aCellIdx[nCell*2];
  if( pageInsertArray(
        pPg, pBegin, &pData, pCellptr,
        nNew-nCell, &apCell[iNew+nCell], &szCell[iNew+nCell]
  ) ) goto editpage_fail;

  pPg->nCell = nNew;
  pPg->nOverflow = 0;

  put2byte(&aData[hdr+3], pPg->nCell);
  put2byte(&aData[hdr+5], pData - aData);

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  for(i=0; i<nNew && !CORRUPT_DB; i++){
    u8 *pCell = apCell[i+iNew];
    int iOff = get2byte(&pPg->aCellIdx[i*2]);
    if( pCell>=aData && pCell<&aData[pPg->pBt->usableSize] ){
      pCell = &pTmp[pCell - aData];
    }
    assert( 0==memcmp(pCell, &aData[iOff], szCell[i+iNew]) );
  }
#endif

  return;
 editpage_fail:
  /* Unable to edit this page. Rebuild it from scratch instead. */
  rebuildPage(pPg, nNew, &apCell[iNew], &szCell[iNew]);
}

/*
** The following parameters determine how many adjacent pages get involved
** in a balancing operation.  NN is the number of neighbors on either side
** of the page that participate in the balancing operation.  NB is the
** total number of pages that participate, including the target page and
................................................................................
  Pgno pgnoNew;                        /* Page number of pNew */

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pParent->pDbPage) );
  assert( pPage->nOverflow==1 );

  /* This error condition is now caught prior to reaching this function */
  if( NEVER(pPage->nCell==0) ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;

  /* Allocate a new page. This page will become the right-sibling of 
  ** pPage. Make the parent page writable, so that the new divider cell
  ** may be inserted. If both these operations are successful, proceed.
  */
  rc = allocateBtreePage(pBt, &pNew, &pgnoNew, 0, 0);

................................................................................
    u8 *pCell = pPage->apOvfl[0];
    u16 szCell = cellSizePtr(pPage, pCell);
    u8 *pStop;

    assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pNew->pDbPage) );
    assert( pPage->aData[0]==(PTF_INTKEY|PTF_LEAFDATA|PTF_LEAF) );
    zeroPage(pNew, PTF_INTKEY|PTF_LEAFDATA|PTF_LEAF);
    rebuildPage(pNew, 1, &pCell, &szCell);
    pNew->nFree = pBt->usableSize - pNew->cellOffset - 2 - szCell;

    /* If this is an auto-vacuum database, update the pointer map
    ** with entries for the new page, and any pointer from the 
    ** cell on the page to an overflow page. If either of these
    ** operations fails, the return code is set, but the contents
    ** of the parent page are still manipulated by thh code below.
    ** That is Ok, at this point the parent page is guaranteed to
................................................................................
  int usableSpace;             /* Bytes in pPage beyond the header */
  int pageFlags;               /* Value of pPage->aData[0] */
  int subtotal;                /* Subtotal of bytes in cells on one page */
  int iSpace1 = 0;             /* First unused byte of aSpace1[] */
  int iOvflSpace = 0;          /* First unused byte of aOvflSpace[] */
  int szScratch;               /* Size of scratch memory requested */
  MemPage *apOld[NB];          /* pPage and up to two siblings */

  MemPage *apNew[NB+2];        /* pPage and up to NB siblings after balancing */
  u8 *pRight;                  /* Location in parent of right-sibling pointer */
  u8 *apDiv[NB-1];             /* Divider cells in pParent */
  int cntNew[NB+2];            /* Index in aCell[] of cell after i-th page */
  int cntOld[NB+2];            /* Old index in aCell[] after i-th page */
  int szNew[NB+2];             /* Combined size of cells placed on i-th page */
  u8 **apCell = 0;             /* All cells begin balanced */
  u16 *szCell;                 /* Local size of all cells in apCell[] */
  u8 *aSpace1;                 /* Space for copies of dividers cells */
  Pgno pgno;                   /* Temp var to store a page number in */
  u8 abDone[NB+2];             /* True after i'th new page is populated */
  Pgno aPgno[NB+2];            /* Page numbers of new pages before shuffling */
  Pgno aPgOrder[NB+2];         /* Copy of aPgno[] used for sorting pages */
  u16 aPgFlags[NB+2];          /* flags field of new pages before shuffling */

  memset(abDone, 0, sizeof(abDone));
  pBt = pParent->pBt;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pParent->pDbPage) );

#if 0
  TRACE(("BALANCE: begin page %d child of %d\n", pPage->pgno, pParent->pgno));
#endif
................................................................................
  /* Make nMaxCells a multiple of 4 in order to preserve 8-byte
  ** alignment */
  nMaxCells = (nMaxCells + 3)&~3;

  /*
  ** Allocate space for memory structures
  */

  szScratch =
       nMaxCells*sizeof(u8*)                       /* apCell */
     + nMaxCells*sizeof(u16)                       /* szCell */

     + pBt->pageSize;                              /* aSpace1 */

  /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-28375-38319 SQLite will never request a scratch buffer
  ** that is more than 6 times the database page size. */
  assert( szScratch<=6*(int)pBt->pageSize );
  apCell = sqlite3ScratchMalloc( szScratch ); 
  if( apCell==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    goto balance_cleanup;
  }
  szCell = (u16*)&apCell[nMaxCells];
  aSpace1 = (u8*)&szCell[nMaxCells];
  assert( EIGHT_BYTE_ALIGNMENT(aSpace1) );

  /*
  ** Load pointers to all cells on sibling pages and the divider cells
  ** into the local apCell[] array.  Make copies of the divider cells
  ** into space obtained from aSpace1[]. The divider cells have already
  ** been removed from pParent.
  **
  ** If the siblings are on leaf pages, then the child pointers of the
  ** divider cells are stripped from the cells before they are copied
  ** into aSpace1[].  In this way, all cells in apCell[] are without
  ** child pointers.  If siblings are not leaves, then all cell in
  ** apCell[] include child pointers.  Either way, all cells in apCell[]
  ** are alike.
................................................................................
  ** leafCorrection:  4 if pPage is a leaf.  0 if pPage is not a leaf.
  **       leafData:  1 if pPage holds key+data and pParent holds only keys.
  */
  leafCorrection = apOld[0]->leaf*4;
  leafData = apOld[0]->intKeyLeaf;
  for(i=0; i<nOld; i++){
    int limit;





    MemPage *pOld = apOld[i];




    limit = pOld->nCell+pOld->nOverflow;
    if( pOld->nOverflow>0 ){
      for(j=0; j<limit; j++){
        assert( nCell<nMaxCells );
        apCell[nCell] = findOverflowCell(pOld, j);
        szCell[nCell] = cellSizePtr(pOld, apCell[nCell]);
................................................................................
      for(j=0; j<limit; j++){
        assert( nCell<nMaxCells );
        apCell[nCell] = findCellv2(aData, maskPage, cellOffset, j);
        szCell[nCell] = cellSizePtr(pOld, apCell[nCell]);
        nCell++;
      }
    }       
    cntOld[i] = nCell;
    if( i<nOld-1 && !leafData){
      u16 sz = (u16)szNew[i];
      u8 *pTemp;
      assert( nCell<nMaxCells );
      szCell[nCell] = sz;
      pTemp = &aSpace1[iSpace1];
      iSpace1 += sz;
................................................................................
        assert( pOld->hdrOffset==0 );
        /* The right pointer of the child page pOld becomes the left
        ** pointer of the divider cell */
        memcpy(apCell[nCell], &pOld->aData[8], 4);
      }else{
        assert( leafCorrection==4 );
        if( szCell[nCell]<4 ){
          /* Do not allow any cells smaller than 4 bytes. If a smaller cell
          ** does exist, pad it with 0x00 bytes. */
          assert( szCell[nCell]==3 );
          assert( apCell[nCell]==&aSpace1[iSpace1-3] );
          aSpace1[iSpace1++] = 0x00;
          szCell[nCell] = 4;
        }
      }
      nCell++;
    }
  }

................................................................................
  ** 
  */
  usableSpace = pBt->usableSize - 12 + leafCorrection;
  for(subtotal=k=i=0; i<nCell; i++){
    assert( i<nMaxCells );
    subtotal += szCell[i] + 2;
    if( subtotal > usableSpace ){
      szNew[k] = subtotal - szCell[i] - 2;
      cntNew[k] = i;
      if( leafData ){ i--; }
      subtotal = 0;
      k++;
      if( k>NB+1 ){ rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT; goto balance_cleanup; }
    }
  }
  szNew[k] = subtotal;
  cntNew[k] = nCell;
  k++;

  /*
  ** The packing computed by the previous block is biased toward the siblings
  ** on the left side (siblings with smaller keys). The left siblings are
  ** always nearly full, while the right-most sibling might be nearly empty.
  ** The next block of code attempts to adjust the packing of siblings to
  ** get a better balance.
  **
  ** This adjustment is more than an optimization.  The packing above might
  ** be so out of balance as to be illegal.  For example, the right-most
  ** sibling might be completely empty.  This adjustment is not optional.
  */
  for(i=k-1; i>0; i--){
    int szRight = szNew[i];  /* Size of sibling on the right */
................................................................................
      r = cntNew[i-1] - 1;
      d = r + 1 - leafData;
    }
    szNew[i] = szRight;
    szNew[i-1] = szLeft;
  }

  /* Sanity check:  For a non-corrupt database file one of the follwing
  ** must be true:
  **    (1) We found one or more cells (cntNew[0])>0), or
  **    (2) pPage is a virtual root page.  A virtual root page is when
  **        the real root page is page 1 and we are the only child of


  **        that page.

  */

  assert( cntNew[0]>0 || (pParent->pgno==1 && pParent->nCell==0) || CORRUPT_DB);


  TRACE(("BALANCE: old: %d(nc=%d) %d(nc=%d) %d(nc=%d)\n",
    apOld[0]->pgno, apOld[0]->nCell,
    nOld>=2 ? apOld[1]->pgno : 0, nOld>=2 ? apOld[1]->nCell : 0,
    nOld>=3 ? apOld[2]->pgno : 0, nOld>=3 ? apOld[2]->nCell : 0
  ));

  /*
  ** Allocate k new pages.  Reuse old pages where possible.
  */
  if( apOld[0]->pgno<=1 ){
    rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
................................................................................
      rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pNew->pDbPage);
      nNew++;
      if( rc ) goto balance_cleanup;
    }else{
      assert( i>0 );
      rc = allocateBtreePage(pBt, &pNew, &pgno, (bBulk ? 1 : pgno), 0);
      if( rc ) goto balance_cleanup;
      zeroPage(pNew, pageFlags);
      apNew[i] = pNew;
      nNew++;
      cntOld[i] = nCell;

      /* Set the pointer-map entry for the new sibling page. */
      if( ISAUTOVACUUM ){
        ptrmapPut(pBt, pNew->pgno, PTRMAP_BTREE, pParent->pgno, &rc);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          goto balance_cleanup;
        }
      }
    }
  }











  /*

  ** Reassign page numbers so that the new pages are in ascending order. 
  ** This helps to keep entries in the disk file in order so that a scan
  ** of the table is closer to a linear scan through the file. That in turn 
  ** helps the operating system to deliver pages from the disk more rapidly.

  **
  ** An O(n^2) insertion sort algorithm is used, but since n is never more 
  ** than (NB+2) (a small constant), that should not be a problem.

  **
  ** When NB==3, this one optimization makes the database about 25% faster 
  ** for large insertions and deletions.
  */
  for(i=0; i<nNew; i++){
    aPgOrder[i] = aPgno[i] = apNew[i]->pgno;
    aPgFlags[i] = apNew[i]->pDbPage->flags;
    for(j=0; j<i; j++){
      if( aPgno[j]==aPgno[i] ){
        /* This branch is taken if the set of sibling pages somehow contains
        ** duplicate entries. This can happen if the database is corrupt. 
        ** It would be simpler to detect this as part of the loop below, but
        ** we do the detection here in order to avoid populating the pager
        ** cache with two separate objects associated with the same
        ** page number.  */
        assert( CORRUPT_DB );
        rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
        goto balance_cleanup;



      }
    }
  }
  for(i=0; i<nNew; i++){
    int iBest = 0;                /* aPgno[] index of page number to use */
    for(j=1; j<nNew; j++){
      if( aPgOrder[j]<aPgOrder[iBest] ) iBest = j;
    }
    pgno = aPgOrder[iBest];
    aPgOrder[iBest] = 0xffffffff;
    if( iBest!=i ){
      if( iBest>i ){
        sqlite3PagerRekey(apNew[iBest]->pDbPage, pBt->nPage+iBest+1, 0);
      }
      sqlite3PagerRekey(apNew[i]->pDbPage, pgno, aPgFlags[iBest]);
      apNew[i]->pgno = pgno;


    }
  }


  TRACE(("BALANCE: new: %d(%d nc=%d) %d(%d nc=%d) %d(%d nc=%d) "
         "%d(%d nc=%d) %d(%d nc=%d)\n",
    apNew[0]->pgno, szNew[0], cntNew[0],
    nNew>=2 ? apNew[1]->pgno : 0, nNew>=2 ? szNew[1] : 0,
    nNew>=2 ? cntNew[1] - cntNew[0] - !leafData : 0,
    nNew>=3 ? apNew[2]->pgno : 0, nNew>=3 ? szNew[2] : 0,
    nNew>=3 ? cntNew[2] - cntNew[1] - !leafData : 0,
    nNew>=4 ? apNew[3]->pgno : 0, nNew>=4 ? szNew[3] : 0,
    nNew>=4 ? cntNew[3] - cntNew[2] - !leafData : 0,
    nNew>=5 ? apNew[4]->pgno : 0, nNew>=5 ? szNew[4] : 0,
    nNew>=5 ? cntNew[4] - cntNew[3] - !leafData : 0
  ));

  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pParent->pDbPage) );
  put4byte(pRight, apNew[nNew-1]->pgno);

  /* If the sibling pages are not leaves, ensure that the right-child pointer
  ** of the right-most new sibling page is set to the value that was 
  ** originally in the same field of the right-most old sibling page. */
  if( (pageFlags & PTF_LEAF)==0 && nOld!=nNew ){
    MemPage *pOld = (nNew>nOld ? apNew : apOld)[nOld-1];
    memcpy(&apNew[nNew-1]->aData[8], &pOld->aData[8], 4);
  }

  /* Make any required updates to pointer map entries associated with 
  ** cells stored on sibling pages following the balance operation. Pointer
  ** map entries associated with divider cells are set by the insertCell()
  ** routine. The associated pointer map entries are:
  **


  **   a) if the cell contains a reference to an overflow chain, the
  **      entry associated with the first page in the overflow chain, and
  **
  **   b) if the sibling pages are not leaves, the child page associated
  **      with the cell.
  **
  ** If the sibling pages are not leaves, then the pointer map entry 
  ** associated with the right-child of each sibling may also need to be 
  ** updated. This happens below, after the sibling pages have been 
  ** populated, not here.
  */



  if( ISAUTOVACUUM ){
    MemPage *pNew = apNew[0];




    u8 *aOld = pNew->aData;
    int cntOldNext = pNew->nCell + pNew->nOverflow;
    int usableSize = pBt->usableSize;
    int iNew = 0;
    int iOld = 0;

    for(i=0; i<nCell; i++){
      u8 *pCell = apCell[i];
      if( i==cntOldNext ){
        MemPage *pOld = (++iOld)<nNew ? apNew[iOld] : apOld[iOld];
        cntOldNext += pOld->nCell + pOld->nOverflow + !leafData;
        aOld = pOld->aData;
      }
      if( i==cntNew[iNew] ){
        pNew = apNew[++iNew];
        if( !leafData ) continue;
      }






      /* Cell pCell is destined for new sibling page pNew. Originally, it
      ** was either part of sibling page iOld (possibly an overflow cell), 
      ** or else the divider cell to the left of sibling page iOld. So,
      ** if sibling page iOld had the same page number as pNew, and if
      ** pCell really was a part of sibling page iOld (not a divider or
      ** overflow cell), we can skip updating the pointer map entries.  */
      if( iOld>=nNew
       || pNew->pgno!=aPgno[iOld]
       || pCell<aOld
       || pCell>=&aOld[usableSize]
      ){
        if( !leafCorrection ){
          ptrmapPut(pBt, get4byte(pCell), PTRMAP_BTREE, pNew->pgno, &rc);
        }
        if( szCell[i]>pNew->minLocal ){
          ptrmapPutOvflPtr(pNew, pCell, &rc);
        }
      }
    }
  }

  /* Insert new divider cells into pParent. */
  for(i=0; i<nNew-1; i++){
    u8 *pCell;
    u8 *pTemp;
    int sz;
    MemPage *pNew = apNew[i];
    j = cntNew[i];

    assert( j<nMaxCells );
    pCell = apCell[j];
    sz = szCell[j] + leafCorrection;
    pTemp = &aOvflSpace[iOvflSpace];
    if( !pNew->leaf ){
      memcpy(&pNew->aData[8], pCell, 4);
    }else if( leafData ){
      /* If the tree is a leaf-data tree, and the siblings are leaves, 
      ** then there is no divider cell in apCell[]. Instead, the divider 
      ** cell consists of the integer key for the right-most cell of 
      ** the sibling-page assembled above only.
      */
      CellInfo info;
      j--;
      btreeParseCellPtr(pNew, apCell[j], &info);
      pCell = pTemp;
      sz = 4 + putVarint(&pCell[4], info.nKey);
      pTemp = 0;
    }else{
      pCell -= 4;
      /* Obscure case for non-leaf-data trees: If the cell at pCell was
      ** previously stored on a leaf node, and its reported size was 4
      ** bytes, then it may actually be smaller than this 
      ** (see btreeParseCellPtr(), 4 bytes is the minimum size of
      ** any cell). But it is important to pass the correct size to 
      ** insertCell(), so reparse the cell now.
      **
      ** Note that this can never happen in an SQLite data file, as all
      ** cells are at least 4 bytes. It only happens in b-trees used
      ** to evaluate "IN (SELECT ...)" and similar clauses.
      */
      if( szCell[j]==4 ){
        assert(leafCorrection==4);
        sz = cellSizePtr(pParent, pCell);
      }
    }
    iOvflSpace += sz;
    assert( sz<=pBt->maxLocal+23 );
    assert( iOvflSpace <= (int)pBt->pageSize );
    insertCell(pParent, nxDiv+i, pCell, sz, pTemp, pNew->pgno, &rc);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto balance_cleanup;
    assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pParent->pDbPage) );
  }



  /* Now update the actual sibling pages. The order in which they are updated
  ** is important, as this code needs to avoid disrupting any page from which
  ** cells may still to be read. In practice, this means:
  **
  **  (1) If cells are moving left (from apNew[iPg] to apNew[iPg-1])
  **      then it is not safe to update page apNew[iPg] until after
  **      the left-hand sibling apNew[iPg-1] has been updated.
  **
  **  (2) If cells are moving right (from apNew[iPg] to apNew[iPg+1])
  **      then it is not safe to update page apNew[iPg] until after
  **      the right-hand sibling apNew[iPg+1] has been updated.
  **
  ** If neither of the above apply, the page is safe to update.
  **
  ** The iPg value in the following loop starts at nNew-1 goes down
  ** to 0, then back up to nNew-1 again, thus making two passes over
  ** the pages.  On the initial downward pass, only condition (1) above
  ** needs to be tested because (2) will always be true from the previous
  ** step.  On the upward pass, both conditions are always true, so the
  ** upwards pass simply processes pages that were missed on the downward
  ** pass.
  */
  for(i=1-nNew; i<nNew; i++){
    int iPg = i<0 ? -i : i;
    assert( iPg>=0 && iPg<nNew );
    if( abDone[iPg] ) continue;         /* Skip pages already processed */
    if( i>=0                            /* On the upwards pass, or... */
     || cntOld[iPg-1]>=cntNew[iPg-1]    /* Condition (1) is true */
    ){
      int iNew;
      int iOld;
      int nNewCell;


      /* Verify condition (1):  If cells are moving left, update iPg
      ** only after iPg-1 has already been updated. */
      assert( iPg==0 || cntOld[iPg-1]>=cntNew[iPg-1] || abDone[iPg-1] );

      /* Verify condition (2):  If cells are moving right, update iPg
      ** only after iPg+1 has already been updated. */
      assert( cntNew[iPg]>=cntOld[iPg] || abDone[iPg+1] );

      if( iPg==0 ){
        iNew = iOld = 0;
        nNewCell = cntNew[0];
      }else{
        iOld = iPg<nOld ? (cntOld[iPg-1] + !leafData) : nCell;
        iNew = cntNew[iPg-1] + !leafData;
        nNewCell = cntNew[iPg] - iNew;
      }

      editPage(apNew[iPg], iOld, iNew, nNewCell, apCell, szCell);
      abDone[iPg]++;
      apNew[iPg]->nFree = usableSpace-szNew[iPg];
      assert( apNew[iPg]->nOverflow==0 );
      assert( apNew[iPg]->nCell==nNewCell );
    }
  }

  /* All pages have been processed exactly once */
  assert( memcmp(abDone, "\01\01\01\01\01", nNew)==0 );

  assert( nOld>0 );
  assert( nNew>0 );





  if( isRoot && pParent->nCell==0 && pParent->hdrOffset<=apNew[0]->nFree ){
    /* The root page of the b-tree now contains no cells. The only sibling
    ** page is the right-child of the parent. Copy the contents of the
    ** child page into the parent, decreasing the overall height of the
    ** b-tree structure by one. This is described as the "balance-shallower"
    ** sub-algorithm in some documentation.
    **
    ** If this is an auto-vacuum database, the call to copyNodeContent() 
    ** sets all pointer-map entries corresponding to database image pages 
    ** for which the pointer is stored within the content being copied.
    **
    ** It is critical that the child page be defragmented before being
    ** copied into the parent, because if the parent is page 1 then it will
    ** by smaller than the child due to the database header, and so all the
    ** free space needs to be up front.
    */
    assert( nNew==1 );
    rc = defragmentPage(apNew[0]);
    testcase( rc!=SQLITE_OK );
    assert( apNew[0]->nFree == 
        (get2byte(&apNew[0]->aData[5])-apNew[0]->cellOffset-apNew[0]->nCell*2)
      || rc!=SQLITE_OK
    );
    copyNodeContent(apNew[0], pParent, &rc);
    freePage(apNew[0], &rc);
  }else if( ISAUTOVACUUM && !leafCorrection ){











    /* Fix the pointer map entries associated with the right-child of each


























    ** sibling page. All other pointer map entries have already been taken
    ** care of.  */
    for(i=0; i<nNew; i++){












      u32 key = get4byte(&apNew[i]->aData[8]);
      ptrmapPut(pBt, key, PTRMAP_BTREE, apNew[i]->pgno, &rc);
    }

  }


















  assert( pParent->isInit );

  TRACE(("BALANCE: finished: old=%d new=%d cells=%d\n",
          nOld, nNew, nCell));








  /* Free any old pages that were not reused as new pages.
  */
  for(i=nNew; i<nOld; i++){
    freePage(apOld[i], &rc);
  }













#if 0
  if( ISAUTOVACUUM && rc==SQLITE_OK && apNew[0]->isInit ){
    /* The ptrmapCheckPages() contains assert() statements that verify that
    ** all pointer map pages are set correctly. This is helpful while 
    ** debugging. This is usually disabled because a corrupt database may
    ** cause an assert() statement to fail.  */
    ptrmapCheckPages(apNew, nNew);
    ptrmapCheckPages(&pParent, 1);

  }




#endif

  /*
  ** Cleanup before returning.
  */
balance_cleanup:
  sqlite3ScratchFree(apCell);
  for(i=0; i<nOld; i++){
................................................................................
** is the number of free pages currently in the database.  Meta[1]
** through meta[15] are available for use by higher layers.  Meta[0]
** is read-only, the others are read/write.
** 
** The schema layer numbers meta values differently.  At the schema
** layer (and the SetCookie and ReadCookie opcodes) the number of
** free pages is not visible.  So Cookie[0] is the same as Meta[1].
**
** This routine treats Meta[BTREE_DATA_VERSION] as a special case.  Instead
** of reading the value out of the header, it instead loads the "DataVersion"
** from the pager.  The BTREE_DATA_VERSION value is not actually stored in the
** database file.  It is a number computed by the pager.  But its access
** pattern is the same as header meta values, and so it is convenient to
** read it from this routine.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeGetMeta(Btree *p, int idx, u32 *pMeta){
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;

  sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);
  assert( p->inTrans>TRANS_NONE );
  assert( SQLITE_OK==querySharedCacheTableLock(p, MASTER_ROOT, READ_LOCK) );
  assert( pBt->pPage1 );
  assert( idx>=0 && idx<=15 );

  if( idx==BTREE_DATA_VERSION ){
    *pMeta = sqlite3PagerDataVersion(pBt->pPager) + p->iDataVersion;
  }else{
    *pMeta = get4byte(&pBt->pPage1->aData[36 + idx*4]);
  }

  /* If auto-vacuum is disabled in this build and this is an auto-vacuum
  ** database, mark the database as read-only.  */
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
  if( idx==BTREE_LARGEST_ROOT_PAGE && *pMeta>0 ){
    pBt->btsFlags |= BTS_READ_ONLY;
  }
................................................................................
    ** caller.
    */
    if( pPage->leaf ){
      do {
        if( pCur->iPage==0 ){
          /* All pages of the b-tree have been visited. Return successfully. */
          *pnEntry = nEntry;
          return moveToRoot(pCur);
        }
        moveToParent(pCur);
      }while ( pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage]>=pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]->nCell );

      pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage]++;
      pPage = pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage];
    }
................................................................................
  if( hit==0 ){
    pCheck->mallocFailed = 1;
  }else{
    int contentOffset = get2byteNotZero(&data[hdr+5]);
    assert( contentOffset<=usableSize );  /* Enforced by btreeInitPage() */
    memset(hit+contentOffset, 0, usableSize-contentOffset);
    memset(hit, 1, contentOffset);
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-37002-32774 The two-byte integer at offset 3 gives the
    ** number of cells on the page. */
    nCell = get2byte(&data[hdr+3]);
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-23882-45353 The cell pointer array of a b-tree page
    ** immediately follows the b-tree page header. */
    cellStart = hdr + 12 - 4*pPage->leaf;
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-02776-14802 The cell pointer array consists of K 2-byte
    ** integer offsets to the cell contents. */
    for(i=0; i<nCell; i++){
      int pc = get2byte(&data[cellStart+i*2]);
      u32 size = 65536;
      int j;
      if( pc<=usableSize-4 ){
        size = cellSizePtr(pPage, &data[pc]);
      }
................................................................................
        pCheck->zPfx = 0;
        checkAppendMsg(pCheck,
            "Corruption detected in cell %d on page %d",i,iPage);
      }else{
        for(j=pc+size-1; j>=pc; j--) hit[j]++;
      }
    }
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-20690-50594 The second field of the b-tree page header
    ** is the offset of the first freeblock, or zero if there are no
    ** freeblocks on the page. */
    i = get2byte(&data[hdr+1]);
    while( i>0 ){
      int size, j;
      assert( i<=usableSize-4 );     /* Enforced by btreeInitPage() */
      size = get2byte(&data[i+2]);
      assert( i+size<=usableSize );  /* Enforced by btreeInitPage() */
      for(j=i+size-1; j>=i; j--) hit[j]++;
      /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-58208-19414 The first 2 bytes of a freeblock are a
      ** big-endian integer which is the offset in the b-tree page of the next
      ** freeblock in the chain, or zero if the freeblock is the last on the
      ** chain. */
      j = get2byte(&data[i]);
      /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-06866-39125 Freeblocks are always connected in order of
      ** increasing offset. */
      assert( j==0 || j>i+size );  /* Enforced by btreeInitPage() */
      assert( j<=usableSize-4 );   /* Enforced by btreeInitPage() */
      i = j;
    }
    for(i=cnt=0; i<usableSize; i++){
      if( hit[i]==0 ){
        cnt++;
      }else if( hit[i]>1 ){
        checkAppendMsg(pCheck,
          "Multiple uses for byte %d of page %d", i, iPage);
        break;
      }
    }
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-43263-13491 The total number of bytes in all fragments
    ** is stored in the fifth field of the b-tree page header.
    ** EVIDENCE-OF: R-07161-27322 The one-byte integer at offset 7 gives the
    ** number of fragmented free bytes within the cell content area.
    */
    if( cnt!=data[hdr+7] ){
      checkAppendMsg(pCheck,
          "Fragmentation of %d bytes reported as %d on page %d",
          cnt, data[hdr+7], iPage);
    }
  }
  sqlite3PageFree(hit);
................................................................................
/*
** Return true if the given Btree is read-only.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeIsReadonly(Btree *p){
  return (p->pBt->btsFlags & BTS_READ_ONLY)!=0;
}

/*
** Return the size of the header added to each page by this module.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3HeaderSizeBtree(void){ return ROUND8(sizeof(MemPage)); }

/************** End of btree.c ***********************************************/
/************** Begin file backup.c ******************************************/
/*
** 2009 January 28
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
................................................................................
** of the source.
*/
static int setDestPgsz(sqlite3_backup *p){
  int rc;
  rc = sqlite3BtreeSetPageSize(p->pDest,sqlite3BtreeGetPageSize(p->pSrc),-1,0);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Check that there is no open read-transaction on the b-tree passed as the
** second argument. If there is not, return SQLITE_OK. Otherwise, if there
** is an open read-transaction, return SQLITE_ERROR and leave an error 
** message in database handle db.
*/
static int checkReadTransaction(sqlite3 *db, Btree *p){
  if( sqlite3BtreeIsInReadTrans(p) ){
    sqlite3ErrorWithMsg(db, SQLITE_ERROR, "destination database is in use");
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Create an sqlite3_backup process to copy the contents of zSrcDb from
** connection handle pSrcDb to zDestDb in pDestDb. If successful, return
** a pointer to the new sqlite3_backup object.
**
** If an error occurs, NULL is returned and an error code and error message
................................................................................
SQLITE_API sqlite3_backup *sqlite3_backup_init(
  sqlite3* pDestDb,                     /* Database to write to */
  const char *zDestDb,                  /* Name of database within pDestDb */
  sqlite3* pSrcDb,                      /* Database connection to read from */
  const char *zSrcDb                    /* Name of database within pSrcDb */
){
  sqlite3_backup *p;                    /* Value to return */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(pSrcDb)||!sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(pDestDb) ){
    (void)SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
    return 0;
  }
#endif

  /* Lock the source database handle. The destination database
  ** handle is not locked in this routine, but it is locked in
  ** sqlite3_backup_step(). The user is required to ensure that no
  ** other thread accesses the destination handle for the duration
  ** of the backup operation.  Any attempt to use the destination
  ** database connection while a backup is in progress may cause
................................................................................
    p->pSrc = findBtree(pDestDb, pSrcDb, zSrcDb);
    p->pDest = findBtree(pDestDb, pDestDb, zDestDb);
    p->pDestDb = pDestDb;
    p->pSrcDb = pSrcDb;
    p->iNext = 1;
    p->isAttached = 0;

    if( 0==p->pSrc || 0==p->pDest 
     || setDestPgsz(p)==SQLITE_NOMEM 
     || checkReadTransaction(pDestDb, p->pDest)!=SQLITE_OK 
     ){
      /* One (or both) of the named databases did not exist or an OOM
      ** error was hit. Or there is a transaction open on the destination
      ** database. The error has already been written into the pDestDb 
      ** handle. All that is left to do here is free the sqlite3_backup 
      ** structure.  */

      sqlite3_free(p);
      p = 0;
    }
  }
  if( p ){
    p->pSrc->nBackup++;
  }
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_backup_step(sqlite3_backup *p, int nPage){
  int rc;
  int destMode;       /* Destination journal mode */
  int pgszSrc = 0;    /* Source page size */
  int pgszDest = 0;   /* Destination page size */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( p==0 ) return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
#endif
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(p->pSrcDb->mutex);
  sqlite3BtreeEnter(p->pSrc);
  if( p->pDestDb ){
    sqlite3_mutex_enter(p->pDestDb->mutex);
  }

  rc = p->rc;
................................................................................
}

/*
** Return the number of pages still to be backed up as of the most recent
** call to sqlite3_backup_step().
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_backup_remaining(sqlite3_backup *p){
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( p==0 ){
    (void)SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
    return 0;
  }
#endif
  return p->nRemaining;
}

/*
** Return the total number of pages in the source database as of the most 
** recent call to sqlite3_backup_step().
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_backup_pagecount(sqlite3_backup *p){
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( p==0 ){
    (void)SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
    return 0;
  }
#endif
  return p->nPagecount;
}

/*
** This function is called after the contents of page iPage of the
** source database have been modified. If page iPage has already been 
** copied into the destination database, then the data written to the
................................................................................
** match, or false otherwise. This function is intended to be used as
** part of an assert statement in the compiler. Similar to:
**
**   assert( sqlite3VdbeAssertMayAbort(pParse->pVdbe, pParse->mayAbort) );
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAssertMayAbort(Vdbe *v, int mayAbort){
  int hasAbort = 0;
  int hasFkCounter = 0;
  Op *pOp;
  VdbeOpIter sIter;
  memset(&sIter, 0, sizeof(sIter));
  sIter.v = v;

  while( (pOp = opIterNext(&sIter))!=0 ){
    int opcode = pOp->opcode;
    if( opcode==OP_Destroy || opcode==OP_VUpdate || opcode==OP_VRename 



     || ((opcode==OP_Halt || opcode==OP_HaltIfNull) 
      && ((pOp->p1&0xff)==SQLITE_CONSTRAINT && pOp->p2==OE_Abort))
    ){
      hasAbort = 1;
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
    if( opcode==OP_FkCounter && pOp->p1==0 && pOp->p2==1 ){
      hasFkCounter = 1;
    }
#endif
  }
  sqlite3DbFree(v->db, sIter.apSub);

  /* Return true if hasAbort==mayAbort. Or if a malloc failure occurred.
  ** If malloc failed, then the while() loop above may not have iterated
  ** through all opcodes and hasAbort may be set incorrectly. Return
  ** true for this case to prevent the assert() in the callers frame
  ** from failing.  */
  return ( v->db->mallocFailed || hasAbort==mayAbort || hasFkCounter );
}
#endif /* SQLITE_DEBUG - the sqlite3AssertMayAbort() function */

/*
** Loop through the program looking for P2 values that are negative
** on jump instructions.  Each such value is a label.  Resolve the
** label by setting the P2 value to its correct non-zero value.
................................................................................
      }
#endif
    }
    p->nOp += nOp;
  }
  return addr;
}

#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STMT_SCANSTATUS)
/*
** Add an entry to the array of counters managed by sqlite3_stmt_scanstatus().
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeScanStatus(
  Vdbe *p,                        /* VM to add scanstatus() to */
  int addrExplain,                /* Address of OP_Explain (or 0) */
  int addrLoop,                   /* Address of loop counter */ 
  int addrVisit,                  /* Address of rows visited counter */
  LogEst nEst,                    /* Estimated number of output rows */
  const char *zName               /* Name of table or index being scanned */
){
  int nByte = (p->nScan+1) * sizeof(ScanStatus);
  ScanStatus *aNew;
  aNew = (ScanStatus*)sqlite3DbRealloc(p->db, p->aScan, nByte);
  if( aNew ){
    ScanStatus *pNew = &aNew[p->nScan++];
    pNew->addrExplain = addrExplain;
    pNew->addrLoop = addrLoop;
    pNew->addrVisit = addrVisit;
    pNew->nEst = nEst;
    pNew->zName = sqlite3DbStrDup(p->db, zName);
    p->aScan = aNew;
  }
}
#endif


/*
** Change the value of the P1 operand for a specific instruction.
** This routine is useful when a large program is loaded from a
** static array using sqlite3VdbeAddOpList but we want to make a
** few minor changes to the program.
*/
................................................................................
    p->aMem = allocSpace(p->aMem, nMem*sizeof(Mem), &zCsr, zEnd, &nByte);
    p->aVar = allocSpace(p->aVar, nVar*sizeof(Mem), &zCsr, zEnd, &nByte);
    p->apArg = allocSpace(p->apArg, nArg*sizeof(Mem*), &zCsr, zEnd, &nByte);
    p->azVar = allocSpace(p->azVar, nVar*sizeof(char*), &zCsr, zEnd, &nByte);
    p->apCsr = allocSpace(p->apCsr, nCursor*sizeof(VdbeCursor*),
                          &zCsr, zEnd, &nByte);
    p->aOnceFlag = allocSpace(p->aOnceFlag, nOnce, &zCsr, zEnd, &nByte);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STMT_SCANSTATUS
    p->anExec = allocSpace(p->anExec, p->nOp*sizeof(i64), &zCsr, zEnd, &nByte);
#endif
    if( nByte ){
      p->pFree = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, nByte);
    }
    zCsr = p->pFree;
    zEnd = &zCsr[nByte];
  }while( nByte && !db->mallocFailed );

................................................................................
  if( p->aVar ){
    p->nVar = (ynVar)nVar;
    for(n=0; n<nVar; n++){
      p->aVar[n].flags = MEM_Null;
      p->aVar[n].db = db;
    }
  }
  if( p->azVar && pParse->nzVar>0 ){
    p->nzVar = pParse->nzVar;
    memcpy(p->azVar, pParse->azVar, p->nzVar*sizeof(p->azVar[0]));
    memset(pParse->azVar, 0, pParse->nzVar*sizeof(pParse->azVar[0]));
  }
  if( p->aMem ){
    p->aMem--;                      /* aMem[] goes from 1..nMem */
    p->nMem = nMem;                 /*       not from 0..nMem-1 */
................................................................................
/*
** Copy the values stored in the VdbeFrame structure to its Vdbe. This
** is used, for example, when a trigger sub-program is halted to restore
** control to the main program.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeFrameRestore(VdbeFrame *pFrame){
  Vdbe *v = pFrame->v;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STMT_SCANSTATUS
  v->anExec = pFrame->anExec;
#endif
  v->aOnceFlag = pFrame->aOnceFlag;
  v->nOnceFlag = pFrame->nOnceFlag;
  v->aOp = pFrame->aOp;
  v->nOp = pFrame->nOp;
  v->aMem = pFrame->aMem;
  v->nMem = pFrame->nMem;
  v->apCsr = pFrame->apCsr;
  v->nCursor = pFrame->nCursor;
  v->db->lastRowid = pFrame->lastRowid;
  v->nChange = pFrame->nChange;
  v->db->nChange = pFrame->nDbChange;
  return pFrame->pc;
}

/*
** Close all cursors.
**
** Also release any dynamic memory held by the VM in the Vdbe.aMem memory 
................................................................................
        }else{
          /* We are forced to roll back the active transaction. Before doing
          ** so, abort any other statements this handle currently has active.
          */
          sqlite3RollbackAll(db, SQLITE_ABORT_ROLLBACK);
          sqlite3CloseSavepoints(db);
          db->autoCommit = 1;
          p->nChange = 0;
        }
      }
    }

    /* Check for immediate foreign key violations. */
    if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      sqlite3VdbeCheckFk(p, 0);
................................................................................
        }
        if( rc==SQLITE_BUSY && p->readOnly ){
          sqlite3VdbeLeave(p);
          return SQLITE_BUSY;
        }else if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          p->rc = rc;
          sqlite3RollbackAll(db, SQLITE_OK);
          p->nChange = 0;
        }else{
          db->nDeferredCons = 0;
          db->nDeferredImmCons = 0;
          db->flags &= ~SQLITE_DeferFKs;
          sqlite3CommitInternalChanges(db);
        }
      }else{
        sqlite3RollbackAll(db, SQLITE_OK);
        p->nChange = 0;
      }
      db->nStatement = 0;
    }else if( eStatementOp==0 ){
      if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK || p->errorAction==OE_Fail ){
        eStatementOp = SAVEPOINT_RELEASE;
      }else if( p->errorAction==OE_Abort ){
        eStatementOp = SAVEPOINT_ROLLBACK;
      }else{
        sqlite3RollbackAll(db, SQLITE_ABORT_ROLLBACK);
        sqlite3CloseSavepoints(db);
        db->autoCommit = 1;
        p->nChange = 0;
      }
    }
  
    /* If eStatementOp is non-zero, then a statement transaction needs to
    ** be committed or rolled back. Call sqlite3VdbeCloseStatement() to
    ** do so. If this operation returns an error, and the current statement
    ** error code is SQLITE_OK or SQLITE_CONSTRAINT, then promote the
................................................................................
          p->rc = rc;
          sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zErrMsg);
          p->zErrMsg = 0;
        }
        sqlite3RollbackAll(db, SQLITE_ABORT_ROLLBACK);
        sqlite3CloseSavepoints(db);
        db->autoCommit = 1;
        p->nChange = 0;
      }
    }
  
    /* If this was an INSERT, UPDATE or DELETE and no statement transaction
    ** has been rolled back, update the database connection change-counter. 
    */
    if( p->changeCntOn ){
................................................................................
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pSub);
  }
  for(i=p->nzVar-1; i>=0; i--) sqlite3DbFree(db, p->azVar[i]);
  vdbeFreeOpArray(db, p->aOp, p->nOp);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->aColName);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zSql);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->pFree);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STMT_SCANSTATUS
  for(i=0; i<p->nScan; i++){
    sqlite3DbFree(db, p->aScan[i].zName);
  }
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->aScan);
#endif
}

/*
** Delete an entire VDBE.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeDelete(Vdbe *p){
  sqlite3 *db;
................................................................................
  }
  if( flags&MEM_Int ){
    /* Figure out whether to use 1, 2, 4, 6 or 8 bytes. */
#   define MAX_6BYTE ((((i64)0x00008000)<<32)-1)
    i64 i = pMem->u.i;
    u64 u;
    if( i<0 ){


      u = ~i;
    }else{
      u = i;
    }
    if( u<=127 ){
      return ((i&1)==i && file_format>=4) ? 8+(u32)u : 1;
    }
    if( u<=32767 ) return 2;
................................................................................
  u32 serial_type,              /* Serial type to deserialize */
  Mem *pMem                     /* Memory cell to write value into */
){
  u64 x = FOUR_BYTE_UINT(buf);
  u32 y = FOUR_BYTE_UINT(buf+4);
  x = (x<<32) + y;
  if( serial_type==6 ){
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-29851-52272 Value is a big-endian 64-bit
    ** twos-complement integer. */
    pMem->u.i = *(i64*)&x;
    pMem->flags = MEM_Int;
    testcase( pMem->u.i<0 );
  }else{
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-57343-49114 Value is a big-endian IEEE 754-2008 64-bit
    ** floating point number. */
#if !defined(NDEBUG) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT)
    /* Verify that integers and floating point values use the same
    ** byte order.  Or, that if SQLITE_MIXED_ENDIAN_64BIT_FLOAT is
    ** defined that 64-bit floating point values really are mixed
    ** endian.
    */
    static const u64 t1 = ((u64)0x3ff00000)<<32;
................................................................................
  const unsigned char *buf,     /* Buffer to deserialize from */
  u32 serial_type,              /* Serial type to deserialize */
  Mem *pMem                     /* Memory cell to write value into */
){
  switch( serial_type ){
    case 10:   /* Reserved for future use */
    case 11:   /* Reserved for future use */
    case 0: {  /* Null */
      /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-24078-09375 Value is a NULL. */
      pMem->flags = MEM_Null;
      break;
    }
    case 1: {
      /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-44885-25196 Value is an 8-bit twos-complement
      ** integer. */
      pMem->u.i = ONE_BYTE_INT(buf);
      pMem->flags = MEM_Int;
      testcase( pMem->u.i<0 );
      return 1;
    }
    case 2: { /* 2-byte signed integer */
      /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-49794-35026 Value is a big-endian 16-bit
      ** twos-complement integer. */
      pMem->u.i = TWO_BYTE_INT(buf);
      pMem->flags = MEM_Int;
      testcase( pMem->u.i<0 );
      return 2;
    }
    case 3: { /* 3-byte signed integer */
      /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-37839-54301 Value is a big-endian 24-bit
      ** twos-complement integer. */
      pMem->u.i = THREE_BYTE_INT(buf);
      pMem->flags = MEM_Int;
      testcase( pMem->u.i<0 );
      return 3;
    }
    case 4: { /* 4-byte signed integer */
      /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-01849-26079 Value is a big-endian 32-bit
      ** twos-complement integer. */
      pMem->u.i = FOUR_BYTE_INT(buf);
      pMem->flags = MEM_Int;
      testcase( pMem->u.i<0 );
      return 4;
    }
    case 5: { /* 6-byte signed integer */
      /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-50385-09674 Value is a big-endian 48-bit
      ** twos-complement integer. */
      pMem->u.i = FOUR_BYTE_UINT(buf+2) + (((i64)1)<<32)*TWO_BYTE_INT(buf);
      pMem->flags = MEM_Int;
      testcase( pMem->u.i<0 );
      return 6;
    }
    case 6:   /* 8-byte signed integer */
    case 7: { /* IEEE floating point */
      /* These use local variables, so do them in a separate routine
      ** to avoid having to move the frame pointer in the common case */
      return serialGet(buf,serial_type,pMem);
    }
    case 8:    /* Integer 0 */
    case 9: {  /* Integer 1 */
      /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-12976-22893 Value is the integer 0. */
      /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-18143-12121 Value is the integer 1. */
      pMem->u.i = serial_type-8;
      pMem->flags = MEM_Int;
      return 0;
    }
    default: {
      /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-14606-31564 Value is a BLOB that is (N-12)/2 bytes in
      ** length.
      ** EVIDENCE-OF: R-28401-00140 Value is a string in the text encoding and
      ** (N-13)/2 bytes in length. */
      static const u16 aFlag[] = { MEM_Blob|MEM_Ephem, MEM_Str|MEM_Ephem };
      pMem->z = (char *)buf;
      pMem->n = (serial_type-12)/2;
      pMem->flags = aFlag[serial_type&1];
      return pMem->n;
    }
  }
................................................................................
static int doWalCallbacks(sqlite3 *db){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  int i;
  for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
    Btree *pBt = db->aDb[i].pBt;
    if( pBt ){
      int nEntry;
      sqlite3BtreeEnter(pBt);
      nEntry = sqlite3PagerWalCallback(sqlite3BtreePager(pBt));
      sqlite3BtreeLeave(pBt);
      if( db->xWalCallback && nEntry>0 && rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        rc = db->xWalCallback(db->pWalArg, db, db->aDb[i].zName, nEntry);
      }
    }
  }
#endif
  return rc;
................................................................................
    ** into the database handle. This block copies the error message 
    ** from the database handle into the statement and sets the statement
    ** program counter to 0 to ensure that when the statement is 
    ** finalized or reset the parser error message is available via
    ** sqlite3_errmsg() and sqlite3_errcode().
    */
    const char *zErr = (const char *)sqlite3_value_text(db->pErr); 

    sqlite3DbFree(db, v->zErrMsg);
    if( !db->mallocFailed ){
      v->zErrMsg = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, zErr);
      v->rc = rc2;
    } else {
      v->zErrMsg = 0;
      v->rc = rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
................................................................................
*/
static const void *columnName(
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt,
  int N,
  const void *(*xFunc)(Mem*),
  int useType
){
  const void *ret;
  Vdbe *p;
  int n;
  sqlite3 *db;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( pStmt==0 ){
    (void)SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
    return 0;
  }
#endif
  ret = 0;
  p = (Vdbe *)pStmt;
  db = p->db;
  assert( db!=0 );
  n = sqlite3_column_count(pStmt);
  if( N<n && N>=0 ){
    N += useType*n;
    sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
    assert( db->mallocFailed==0 );
    ret = xFunc(&p->aColName[N]);
................................................................................
** Return a pointer to the next prepared statement after pStmt associated
** with database connection pDb.  If pStmt is NULL, return the first
** prepared statement for the database connection.  Return NULL if there
** are no more.
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3_stmt *sqlite3_next_stmt(sqlite3 *pDb, sqlite3_stmt *pStmt){
  sqlite3_stmt *pNext;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(pDb) ){
    (void)SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
    return 0;
  }
#endif
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(pDb->mutex);
  if( pStmt==0 ){
    pNext = (sqlite3_stmt*)pDb->pVdbe;
  }else{
    pNext = (sqlite3_stmt*)((Vdbe*)pStmt)->pNext;
  }
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(pDb->mutex);
................................................................................
}

/*
** Return the value of a status counter for a prepared statement
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_stmt_status(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt, int op, int resetFlag){
  Vdbe *pVdbe = (Vdbe*)pStmt;
  u32 v;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !pStmt ){
    (void)SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
    return 0;
  }
#endif
  v = pVdbe->aCounter[op];
  if( resetFlag ) pVdbe->aCounter[op] = 0;
  return (int)v;
}

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STMT_SCANSTATUS
/*
** Return status data for a single loop within query pStmt.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_stmt_scanstatus(
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt,            /* Prepared statement being queried */
  int idx,                        /* Index of loop to report on */
  int iScanStatusOp,              /* Which metric to return */
  void *pOut                      /* OUT: Write the answer here */
){
  Vdbe *p = (Vdbe*)pStmt;
  ScanStatus *pScan;
  if( idx<0 || idx>=p->nScan ) return 1;
  pScan = &p->aScan[idx];
  switch( iScanStatusOp ){
    case SQLITE_SCANSTAT_NLOOP: {
      *(sqlite3_int64*)pOut = p->anExec[pScan->addrLoop];
      break;
    }
    case SQLITE_SCANSTAT_NVISIT: {
      *(sqlite3_int64*)pOut = p->anExec[pScan->addrVisit];
      break;
    }
    case SQLITE_SCANSTAT_EST: {
      double r = 1.0;
      LogEst x = pScan->nEst;
      while( x<100 ){
        x += 10;
        r *= 0.5;
      }
      *(double*)pOut = r*sqlite3LogEstToInt(x);
      break;
    }
    case SQLITE_SCANSTAT_NAME: {
      *(const char**)pOut = pScan->zName;
      break;
    }
    case SQLITE_SCANSTAT_EXPLAIN: {
      if( pScan->addrExplain ){
        *(const char**)pOut = p->aOp[ pScan->addrExplain ].p4.z;
      }else{
        *(const char**)pOut = 0;
      }
      break;
    }
    case SQLITE_SCANSTAT_SELECTID: {
      if( pScan->addrExplain ){
        *(int*)pOut = p->aOp[ pScan->addrExplain ].p1;
      }else{
        *(int*)pOut = -1;
      }
      break;
    }
    default: {
      return 1;
    }
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** Zero all counters associated with the sqlite3_stmt_scanstatus() data.
*/
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_stmt_scanstatus_reset(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt){
  Vdbe *p = (Vdbe*)pStmt;
  memset(p->anExec, 0, p->nOp * sizeof(i64));
}
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STMT_SCANSTATUS */

/************** End of vdbeapi.c *********************************************/
/************** Begin file vdbetrace.c ***************************************/
/*
** 2009 November 25
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
................................................................................
    assert( pc>=0 && pc<p->nOp );
    if( db->mallocFailed ) goto no_mem;
#ifdef VDBE_PROFILE
    start = sqlite3Hwtime();
#endif
    nVmStep++;
    pOp = &aOp[pc];
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STMT_SCANSTATUS
    if( p->anExec ) p->anExec[pc]++;
#endif

    /* Only allow tracing if SQLITE_DEBUG is defined.
    */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    if( db->flags & SQLITE_VdbeTrace ){
      sqlite3VdbePrintOp(stdout, pc, pOp);
    }
................................................................................
    }
    nData += len;
    testcase( serial_type==127 );
    testcase( serial_type==128 );
    nHdr += serial_type<=127 ? 1 : sqlite3VarintLen(serial_type);
  }while( (--pRec)>=pData0 );

  /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-22564-11647 The header begins with a single varint
  ** which determines the total number of bytes in the header. The varint
  ** value is the size of the header in bytes including the size varint
  ** itself. */
  testcase( nHdr==126 );
  testcase( nHdr==127 );
  if( nHdr<=126 ){
    /* The common case */
    nHdr += 1;
  }else{
    /* Rare case of a really large header */
................................................................................
  /* Write the record */
  i = putVarint32(zNewRecord, nHdr);
  j = nHdr;
  assert( pData0<=pLast );
  pRec = pData0;
  do{
    serial_type = pRec->uTemp;
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-06529-47362 Following the size varint are one or more
    ** additional varints, one per column. */
    i += putVarint32(&zNewRecord[i], serial_type);            /* serial type */
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-64536-51728 The values for each column in the record
    ** immediately follow the header. */
    j += sqlite3VdbeSerialPut(&zNewRecord[j], pRec, serial_type); /* content */
  }while( (++pRec)<=pLast );
  assert( i==nHdr );
  assert( j==nByte );

  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  pOut->n = (int)nByte;
................................................................................
      if( ii ) REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3+ii, &r.aMem[ii]);
#endif
    }
    pIdxKey = &r;
  }else{
    pIdxKey = sqlite3VdbeAllocUnpackedRecord(
        pC->pKeyInfo, aTempRec, sizeof(aTempRec), &pFree
    );
    if( pIdxKey==0 ) goto no_mem;
    assert( pIn3->flags & MEM_Blob );
    ExpandBlob(pIn3);
    sqlite3VdbeRecordUnpack(pC->pKeyInfo, pIn3->n, pIn3->z, pIdxKey);
  }
  pIdxKey->default_rc = 0;
  if( pOp->opcode==OP_NoConflict ){
    /* For the OP_NoConflict opcode, take the jump if any of the
    ** input fields are NULL, since any key with a NULL will not
    ** conflict */
    for(ii=0; ii<pIdxKey->nField; ii++){
      if( pIdxKey->aMem[ii].flags & MEM_Null ){
        pc = pOp->p2 - 1; VdbeBranchTaken(1,2);
        break;
      }
    }
  }
  rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(pC->pCursor, pIdxKey, 0, 0, &res);
  if( pOp->p4.i==0 ){
................................................................................
  p->aCounter[SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_SORT]++;
  /* Fall through into OP_Rewind */
}
/* Opcode: Rewind P1 P2 * * *
**
** The next use of the Rowid or Column or Next instruction for P1 
** will refer to the first entry in the database table or index.
** If the table or index is empty, jump immediately to P2.
** If the table or index is not empty, fall through to the following 
** instruction.
**
** This opcode leaves the cursor configured to move in forward order,
** from the beginning toward the end.  In other words, the cursor is
** configured to use Next, not Prev.
*/
case OP_Rewind: {        /* jump */
  VdbeCursor *pC;
................................................................................
    pFrame->apCsr = p->apCsr;
    pFrame->nCursor = p->nCursor;
    pFrame->aOp = p->aOp;
    pFrame->nOp = p->nOp;
    pFrame->token = pProgram->token;
    pFrame->aOnceFlag = p->aOnceFlag;
    pFrame->nOnceFlag = p->nOnceFlag;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STMT_SCANSTATUS
    pFrame->anExec = p->anExec;
#endif

    pEnd = &VdbeFrameMem(pFrame)[pFrame->nChildMem];
    for(pMem=VdbeFrameMem(pFrame); pMem!=pEnd; pMem++){
      pMem->flags = MEM_Undefined;
      pMem->db = db;
    }
  }else{
................................................................................
    assert( pc==pFrame->pc );
  }

  p->nFrame++;
  pFrame->pParent = p->pFrame;
  pFrame->lastRowid = lastRowid;
  pFrame->nChange = p->nChange;
  pFrame->nDbChange = p->db->nChange;
  p->nChange = 0;
  p->pFrame = pFrame;
  p->aMem = aMem = &VdbeFrameMem(pFrame)[-1];
  p->nMem = pFrame->nChildMem;
  p->nCursor = (u16)pFrame->nChildCsr;
  p->apCsr = (VdbeCursor **)&aMem[p->nMem+1];
  p->aOp = aOp = pProgram->aOp;
  p->nOp = pProgram->nOp;
  p->aOnceFlag = (u8 *)&p->apCsr[p->nCursor];
  p->nOnceFlag = pProgram->nOnce;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STMT_SCANSTATUS
  p->anExec = 0;
#endif
  pc = -1;
  memset(p->aOnceFlag, 0, p->nOnceFlag);

  break;
}

/* Opcode: Param P1 P2 * * *
................................................................................
  break;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
/* Opcode: Checkpoint P1 P2 P3 * *
**
** Checkpoint database P1. This is a no-op if P1 is not currently in
** WAL mode. Parameter P2 is one of SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE, FULL,
** RESTART, or TRUNCATE.  Write 1 or 0 into mem[P3] if the checkpoint returns
** SQLITE_BUSY or not, respectively.  Write the number of pages in the
** WAL after the checkpoint into mem[P3+1] and the number of pages
** in the WAL that have been checkpointed after the checkpoint
** completes into mem[P3+2].  However on an error, mem[P3+1] and
** mem[P3+2] are initialized to -1.
*/
case OP_Checkpoint: {
................................................................................

  assert( p->readOnly==0 );
  aRes[0] = 0;
  aRes[1] = aRes[2] = -1;
  assert( pOp->p2==SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE
       || pOp->p2==SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL
       || pOp->p2==SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_RESTART
       || pOp->p2==SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_TRUNCATE
  );
  rc = sqlite3Checkpoint(db, pOp->p1, pOp->p2, &aRes[1], &aRes[2]);
  if( rc==SQLITE_BUSY ){
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
    aRes[0] = 1;
  }
  for(i=0, pMem = &aMem[pOp->p3]; i<3; i++, pMem++){
................................................................................

  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  char *zErr = 0;
  Table *pTab;
  Parse *pParse = 0;
  Incrblob *pBlob = 0;

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) || ppBlob==0 || zTable==0 ){
    return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
  }
#endif
  flags = !!flags;                /* flags = (flags ? 1 : 0); */
  *ppBlob = 0;

  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);

  pBlob = (Incrblob *)sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(Incrblob));
  if( !pBlob ) goto blob_open_out;
................................................................................
  db = p->db;
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  v = (Vdbe*)p->pStmt;

  if( n<0 || iOffset<0 || (iOffset+n)>p->nByte ){
    /* Request is out of range. Return a transient error. */
    rc = SQLITE_ERROR;

  }else if( v==0 ){
    /* If there is no statement handle, then the blob-handle has
    ** already been invalidated. Return SQLITE_ABORT in this case.
    */
    rc = SQLITE_ABORT;
  }else{
    /* Call either BtreeData() or BtreePutData(). If SQLITE_ABORT is
................................................................................
    sqlite3BtreeEnterCursor(p->pCsr);
    rc = xCall(p->pCsr, iOffset+p->iOffset, n, z);
    sqlite3BtreeLeaveCursor(p->pCsr);
    if( rc==SQLITE_ABORT ){
      sqlite3VdbeFinalize(v);
      p->pStmt = 0;
    }else{

      v->rc = rc;
    }
  }
  sqlite3Error(db, rc);
  rc = sqlite3ApiExit(db, rc);
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Read data from a blob handle.
................................................................................
** calling thread usually launches a worker thread to do so. Except, if
** there are already N worker threads running, the main thread does the work
** itself.
**
** The sorter is running in multi-threaded mode if (a) the library was built
** with pre-processor symbol SQLITE_MAX_WORKER_THREADS set to a value greater
** than zero, and (b) worker threads have been enabled at runtime by calling
** "PRAGMA threads=N" with some value of N greater than 0.
**
** When Rewind() is called, any data remaining in memory is flushed to a 
** final PMA. So at this point the data is stored in some number of sorted
** PMAs within temporary files on disk.
**
** If there are fewer than SORTER_MAX_MERGE_COUNT PMAs in total and the
** sorter is running in single-threaded mode, then these PMAs are merged
................................................................................
** messages to stderr that may be helpful in understanding the performance
** characteristics of the sorter in multi-threaded mode.
*/
#if 0
# define SQLITE_DEBUG_SORTER_THREADS 1
#endif

/*
** Hard-coded maximum amount of data to accumulate in memory before flushing
** to a level 0 PMA. The purpose of this limit is to prevent various integer
** overflows. 512MiB.
*/
#define SQLITE_MAX_PMASZ    (1<<29)

/*
** Private objects used by the sorter
*/
typedef struct MergeEngine MergeEngine;     /* Merge PMAs together */
typedef struct PmaReader PmaReader;         /* Incrementally read one PMA */
typedef struct PmaWriter PmaWriter;         /* Incrementally write one PMA */
typedef struct SorterRecord SorterRecord;   /* A record being sorted */
................................................................................
/* Return a pointer to the buffer containing the record data for SorterRecord
** object p. Should be used as if:
**
**   void *SRVAL(SorterRecord *p) { return (void*)&p[1]; }
*/
#define SRVAL(p) ((void*)((SorterRecord*)(p) + 1))





/* Maximum number of PMAs that a single MergeEngine can merge */
#define SORTER_MAX_MERGE_COUNT 16

static int vdbeIncrSwap(IncrMerger*);
static void vdbeIncrFree(IncrMerger *);

................................................................................
    pSorter->db = db;
    for(i=0; i<pSorter->nTask; i++){
      SortSubtask *pTask = &pSorter->aTask[i];
      pTask->pSorter = pSorter;
    }

    if( !sqlite3TempInMemory(db) ){
      u32 szPma = sqlite3GlobalConfig.szPma;
      pSorter->mnPmaSize = szPma * pgsz;
      mxCache = db->aDb[0].pSchema->cache_size;

      if( mxCache<(int)szPma ) mxCache = (int)szPma;
      pSorter->mxPmaSize = MIN((i64)mxCache*pgsz, SQLITE_MAX_PMASZ);


      /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-26747-61719 When the application provides any amount of
      ** scratch memory using SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH, SQLite avoids unnecessary
      ** large heap allocations.

      */
      if( sqlite3GlobalConfig.pScratch==0 ){
        assert( pSorter->iMemory==0 );
        pSorter->nMemory = pgsz;
        pSorter->list.aMemory = (u8*)sqlite3Malloc(pgsz);
        if( !pSorter->list.aMemory ) rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
      }
................................................................................
** the VFS has memory mapped it.
**
** Whether or not the file does end up memory mapped of course depends on
** the specific VFS implementation.
*/
static void vdbeSorterExtendFile(sqlite3 *db, sqlite3_file *pFd, i64 nByte){
  if( nByte<=(i64)(db->nMaxSorterMmap) && pFd->pMethods->iVersion>=3 ){


    void *p = 0;
    int chunksize = 4*1024;
    sqlite3OsFileControlHint(pFd, SQLITE_FCNTL_CHUNK_SIZE, &chunksize);
    sqlite3OsFileControlHint(pFd, SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT, &nByte);
    sqlite3OsFetch(pFd, 0, (int)nByte, &p);
    sqlite3OsUnfetch(pFd, 0, p);

  }
}
#else
# define vdbeSorterExtendFile(x,y,z)
#endif

/*
................................................................................
#if SQLITE_MAX_WORKER_THREADS>0
    if( pSorter->bUseThreads ){
      rc = vdbePmaReaderNext(pSorter->pReader);
      *pbEof = (pSorter->pReader->pFd==0);
    }else
#endif
    /*if( !pSorter->bUseThreads )*/ {
      assert( pSorter->pMerger!=0 );
      assert( pSorter->pMerger->pTask==(&pSorter->aTask[0]) );
      rc = vdbeMergeEngineStep(pSorter->pMerger, pbEof);
    }
  }else{
    SorterRecord *pFree = pSorter->list.pList;
    pSorter->list.pList = pFree->u.pNext;
    pFree->u.pNext = 0;
................................................................................
** This needs to occur when copying a TK_AGG_FUNCTION node from an
** outer query into an inner subquery.
**
** incrAggFunctionDepth(pExpr,n) is the main routine.  incrAggDepth(..)
** is a helper function - a callback for the tree walker.
*/
static int incrAggDepth(Walker *pWalker, Expr *pExpr){
  if( pExpr->op==TK_AGG_FUNCTION ) pExpr->op2 += pWalker->u.n;
  return WRC_Continue;
}
static void incrAggFunctionDepth(Expr *pExpr, int N){
  if( N>0 ){
    Walker w;
    memset(&w, 0, sizeof(w));
    w.xExprCallback = incrAggDepth;
    w.u.n = N;
    sqlite3WalkExpr(&w, pExpr);
  }
}

/*
** Turn the pExpr expression into an alias for the iCol-th column of the
** result set in pEList.
................................................................................
*/
static int exprProbability(Expr *p){
  double r = -1.0;
  if( p->op!=TK_FLOAT ) return -1;
  sqlite3AtoF(p->u.zToken, &r, sqlite3Strlen30(p->u.zToken), SQLITE_UTF8);
  assert( r>=0.0 );
  if( r>1.0 ) return -1;
  return (int)(r*134217728.0);
}

/*
** This routine is callback for sqlite3WalkExpr().
**
** Resolve symbolic names into TK_COLUMN operators for the current
** node in the expression tree.  Return 0 to continue the search down
................................................................................
            ** EVIDENCE-OF: R-01283-11636 The unlikely(X) function is short-hand for
            ** likelihood(X,0.0625).
            ** EVIDENCE-OF: R-36850-34127 The likely(X) function is short-hand for
            ** likelihood(X,0.9375).
            ** EVIDENCE-OF: R-53436-40973 The likely(X) function is equivalent to
            ** likelihood(X,0.9375). */
            /* TUNING: unlikely() probability is 0.0625.  likely() is 0.9375 */
            pExpr->iTable = pDef->zName[0]=='u' ? 8388608 : 125829120;
          }             
        }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
        auth = sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_FUNCTION, 0, pDef->zName, 0);
        if( auth!=SQLITE_OK ){
          if( auth==SQLITE_DENY ){
            sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "not authorized to use function: %s",
................................................................................
  Parse *pParse,          /* Parsing context */
  int op,                 /* Expression opcode */
  Expr *pLeft,            /* Left operand */
  Expr *pRight,           /* Right operand */
  const Token *pToken     /* Argument token */
){
  Expr *p;
  if( op==TK_AND && pLeft && pRight && pParse->nErr==0 ){
    /* Take advantage of short-circuit false optimization for AND */
    p = sqlite3ExprAnd(pParse->db, pLeft, pRight);
  }else{
    p = sqlite3ExprAlloc(pParse->db, op, pToken, 1);
    sqlite3ExprAttachSubtrees(pParse->db, p, pLeft, pRight);
  }
  if( p ) {
................................................................................
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pItem->zSpan);
  }
  sqlite3DbFree(db, pList->a);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, pList);
}

/*
** These routines are Walker callbacks used to check expressions to
** see if they are "constant" for some definition of constant.  The
** Walker.eCode value determines the type of "constant" we are looking
** for.
**
** These callback routines are used to implement the following:
**
**     sqlite3ExprIsConstant()                  pWalker->eCode==1
**     sqlite3ExprIsConstantNotJoin()           pWalker->eCode==2
**     sqlite3ExprRefOneTableOnly()             pWalker->eCode==3
**     sqlite3ExprIsConstantOrFunction()        pWalker->eCode==4 or 5
**
** In all cases, the callbacks set Walker.eCode=0 and abort if the expression
** is found to not be a constant.
**
** The sqlite3ExprIsConstantOrFunction() is used for evaluating expressions
** in a CREATE TABLE statement.  The Walker.eCode value is 5 when parsing
** an existing schema and 4 when processing a new statement.  A bound
** parameter raises an error for new statements, but is silently converted
** to NULL for existing schemas.  This allows sqlite_master tables that 
** contain a bound parameter because they were generated by older versions
** of SQLite to be parsed by newer versions of SQLite without raising a
** malformed schema error.
*/
static int exprNodeIsConstant(Walker *pWalker, Expr *pExpr){

  /* If pWalker->eCode is 2 then any term of the expression that comes from
  ** the ON or USING clauses of a left join disqualifies the expression
  ** from being considered constant. */
  if( pWalker->eCode==2 && ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_FromJoin) ){
    pWalker->eCode = 0;
    return WRC_Abort;
  }

  switch( pExpr->op ){
    /* Consider functions to be constant if all their arguments are constant
    ** and either pWalker->eCode==4 or 5 or the function has the
    ** SQLITE_FUNC_CONST flag. */
    case TK_FUNCTION:
      if( pWalker->eCode>=4 || ExprHasProperty(pExpr,EP_Constant) ){
        return WRC_Continue;
      }else{
        pWalker->eCode = 0;
        return WRC_Abort;
      }

    case TK_ID:
    case TK_COLUMN:
    case TK_AGG_FUNCTION:
    case TK_AGG_COLUMN:
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_ID );
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_COLUMN );
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_AGG_FUNCTION );
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_AGG_COLUMN );
      if( pWalker->eCode==3 && pExpr->iTable==pWalker->u.iCur ){
        return WRC_Continue;
      }else{
        pWalker->eCode = 0;
        return WRC_Abort;
      }
    case TK_VARIABLE:
      if( pWalker->eCode==5 ){
        /* Silently convert bound parameters that appear inside of CREATE
        ** statements into a NULL when parsing the CREATE statement text out
        ** of the sqlite_master table */
        pExpr->op = TK_NULL;
      }else if( pWalker->eCode==4 ){
        /* A bound parameter in a CREATE statement that originates from
        ** sqlite3_prepare() causes an error */
        pWalker->eCode = 0;
        return WRC_Abort;
      }
      /* Fall through */
    default:
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_SELECT ); /* selectNodeIsConstant will disallow */
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_EXISTS ); /* selectNodeIsConstant will disallow */
      return WRC_Continue;
  }
}
static int selectNodeIsConstant(Walker *pWalker, Select *NotUsed){
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(NotUsed);
  pWalker->eCode = 0;
  return WRC_Abort;
}
static int exprIsConst(Expr *p, int initFlag, int iCur){
  Walker w;
  memset(&w, 0, sizeof(w));
  w.eCode = initFlag;
  w.xExprCallback = exprNodeIsConstant;
  w.xSelectCallback = selectNodeIsConstant;
  w.u.iCur = iCur;
  sqlite3WalkExpr(&w, p);
  return w.eCode;
}

/*
** Walk an expression tree.  Return non-zero if the expression is constant
** and 0 if it involves variables or function calls.
**
** For the purposes of this function, a double-quoted string (ex: "abc")
** is considered a variable but a single-quoted string (ex: 'abc') is
** a constant.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprIsConstant(Expr *p){
  return exprIsConst(p, 1, 0);
}

/*
** Walk an expression tree.  Return non-zero if the expression is constant
** that does no originate from the ON or USING clauses of a join.
** Return 0 if it involves variables or function calls or terms from
** an ON or USING clause.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprIsConstantNotJoin(Expr *p){
  return exprIsConst(p, 2, 0);
}

/*
** Walk an expression tree.  Return non-zero if the expression constant
** for any single row of the table with cursor iCur.  In other words, the
** expression must not refer to any non-deterministic function nor any
** table other than iCur.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprIsTableConstant(Expr *p, int iCur){
  return exprIsConst(p, 3, iCur);
}

/*
** Walk an expression tree.  Return non-zero if the expression is constant
** or a function call with constant arguments.  Return and 0 if there
** are any variables.
**
** For the purposes of this function, a double-quoted string (ex: "abc")
** is considered a variable but a single-quoted string (ex: 'abc') is
** a constant.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprIsConstantOrFunction(Expr *p, u8 isInit){
  assert( isInit==0 || isInit==1 );
  return exprIsConst(p, 4+isInit, 0);
}

/*
** If the expression p codes a constant integer that is small enough
** to fit in a 32-bit integer, return 1 and put the value of the integer
** in *pValue.  If the expression is not an integer or if it is too big
** to fit in a signed 32-bit integer, return 0 and leave *pValue unchanged.
................................................................................
        (pExpr->iTable ? "new" : "old"),
        (pExpr->iColumn<0 ? "rowid" : pExpr->pTab->aCol[pExpr->iColumn].zName),
        target
      ));

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
      /* If the column has REAL affinity, it may currently be stored as an
      ** integer. Use OP_RealAffinity to make sure it is really real.
      **
      ** EVIDENCE-OF: R-60985-57662 SQLite will convert the value back to
      ** floating point when extracting it from the record.  */
      if( pExpr->iColumn>=0 
       && pTab->aCol[pExpr->iColumn].affinity==SQLITE_AFF_REAL
      ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_RealAffinity, target);
      }
#endif
      break;
................................................................................
  ** TK_COLUMNs have not yet been converted into TK_AGG_COLUMN.  If
  ** sqlite3FunctionUsesThisSrc() is used differently in the future, the
  ** NEVER() will need to be removed. */
  if( pExpr->op==TK_COLUMN || NEVER(pExpr->op==TK_AGG_COLUMN) ){
    int i;
    struct SrcCount *p = pWalker->u.pSrcCount;
    SrcList *pSrc = p->pSrc;
    int nSrc = pSrc ? pSrc->nSrc : 0;
    for(i=0; i<nSrc; i++){
      if( pExpr->iTable==pSrc->a[i].iCursor ) break;
    }
    if( i<nSrc ){
      p->nThis++;
    }else{
      p->nOther++;
    }
  }
  return WRC_Continue;
}
................................................................................
    u8 *pSpace;                     /* Allocated space not yet assigned */
    int i;                          /* Used to iterate through p->aSample[] */

    p->iGet = -1;
    p->mxSample = mxSample;
    p->nPSample = (tRowcnt)(sqlite3_value_int64(argv[2])/(mxSample/3+1) + 1);
    p->current.anLt = &p->current.anEq[nColUp];
    p->iPrn = 0x689e962d*(u32)nCol ^ 0xd0944565*(u32)sqlite3_value_int(argv[2]);
  
    /* Set up the Stat4Accum.a[] and aBest[] arrays */
    p->a = (struct Stat4Sample*)&p->current.anLt[nColUp];
    p->aBest = &p->a[mxSample];
    pSpace = (u8*)(&p->a[mxSample+nCol]);
    for(i=0; i<(mxSample+nCol); i++){
      p->a[i].anEq = (tRowcnt *)pSpace; pSpace += (sizeof(tRowcnt) * nColUp);
................................................................................
    UNUSED_PARAMETER(aOut);
    assert( aLog!=0 );
    aLog[i] = sqlite3LogEst(v);
#endif
    if( *z==' ' ) z++;
  }
#ifndef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  assert( pIndex!=0 ); {
#else
  if( pIndex ){
#endif
    pIndex->bUnordered = 0;
    pIndex->noSkipScan = 0;
    while( z[0] ){
      if( sqlite3_strglob("unordered*", z)==0 ){
        pIndex->bUnordered = 1;
      }else if( sqlite3_strglob("sz=[0-9]*", z)==0 ){
        pIndex->szIdxRow = sqlite3LogEst(sqlite3Atoi(z+3));
      }else if( sqlite3_strglob("noskipscan*", z)==0 ){
        pIndex->noSkipScan = 1;
      }
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COSTMULT
      else if( sqlite3_strglob("costmult=[0-9]*",z)==0 ){
        pIndex->pTable->costMult = sqlite3LogEst(sqlite3Atoi(z+9));
      }
#endif
      while( z[0]!=0 && z[0]!=' ' ) z++;
      while( z[0]==' ' ) z++;
    }
  }
}

/*
** This callback is invoked once for each index when reading the
** sqlite_stat1 table.  
**
................................................................................
        nRow = pFinal->anLt[iCol];
        nDist100 = (i64)100 * pFinal->anDLt[iCol];
        nSample--;
      }else{
        nRow = pIdx->aiRowEst[0];
        nDist100 = ((i64)100 * pIdx->aiRowEst[0]) / pIdx->aiRowEst[iCol+1];
      }
      pIdx->nRowEst0 = nRow;

      /* Set nSum to the number of distinct (iCol+1) field prefixes that
      ** occur in the stat4 table for this index. Set sumEq to the sum of 
      ** the nEq values for column iCol for the same set (adding the value 
      ** only once where there exist duplicate prefixes).  */
      for(i=0; i<nSample; i++){
        if( i==(pIdx->nSample-1)
................................................................................
    rc = sqlite3_exec(db, zSql, analysisLoader, &sInfo, 0);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, zSql);
  }


  /* Load the statistics from the sqlite_stat4 table. */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && OptimizationEnabled(db, SQLITE_Stat34) ){
    int lookasideEnabled = db->lookaside.bEnabled;
    db->lookaside.bEnabled = 0;
    rc = loadStat4(db, sInfo.zDatabase);
    db->lookaside.bEnabled = lookasideEnabled;
  }
  for(i=sqliteHashFirst(&db->aDb[iDb].pSchema->idxHash);i;i=sqliteHashNext(i)){
    Index *pIdx = sqliteHashData(i);
................................................................................
    if( !aNew->pSchema ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }else if( aNew->pSchema->file_format && aNew->pSchema->enc!=ENC(db) ){
      zErrDyn = sqlite3MPrintf(db, 
        "attached databases must use the same text encoding as main database");
      rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
    }
    sqlite3BtreeEnter(aNew->pBt);
    pPager = sqlite3BtreePager(aNew->pBt);
    sqlite3PagerLockingMode(pPager, db->dfltLockMode);
    sqlite3BtreeSecureDelete(aNew->pBt,
                             sqlite3BtreeSecureDelete(db->aDb[0].pBt,-1) );
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS
    sqlite3BtreeSetPagerFlags(aNew->pBt, 3 | (db->flags & PAGER_FLAGS_MASK));
#endif
    sqlite3BtreeLeave(aNew->pBt);
  }
  aNew->safety_level = 3;
  aNew->zName = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, zName);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && aNew->zName==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }

................................................................................
** setting of the auth function is NULL.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_set_authorizer(
  sqlite3 *db,
  int (*xAuth)(void*,int,const char*,const char*,const char*,const char*),
  void *pArg
){
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) ) return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
#endif
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  db->xAuth = (sqlite3_xauth)xAuth;
  db->pAuthArg = pArg;
  sqlite3ExpirePreparedStatements(db);
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
................................................................................
** auxiliary databases added using the ATTACH command.
**
** See also sqlite3LocateTable().
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE Table *sqlite3FindTable(sqlite3 *db, const char *zName, const char *zDatabase){
  Table *p = 0;
  int i;


#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) || zName==0 ) return 0;
#endif

  /* All mutexes are required for schema access.  Make sure we hold them. */
  assert( zDatabase!=0 || sqlite3BtreeHoldsAllMutexes(db) );
#if SQLITE_USER_AUTHENTICATION
  /* Only the admin user is allowed to know that the sqlite_user table
  ** exists */
  if( db->auth.authLevel<UAUTH_Admin && sqlite3UserAuthTable(zName)!=0 ){
    return 0;
................................................................................
/*
** Reclaim the memory used by an index
*/
static void freeIndex(sqlite3 *db, Index *p){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_ANALYZE
  sqlite3DeleteIndexSamples(db, p);
#endif

  sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pPartIdxWhere);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zColAff);
  if( p->isResized ) sqlite3DbFree(db, p->azColl);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  sqlite3_free(p->aiRowEst);
#endif
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p);
................................................................................
    assert( pParse->pNewTable==pTab );
    pPk = sqlite3CreateIndex(pParse, 0, 0, 0, pList, pTab->keyConf, 0, 0, 0, 0);
    if( pPk==0 ) return;
    pPk->idxType = SQLITE_IDXTYPE_PRIMARYKEY;
    pTab->iPKey = -1;
  }else{
    pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab);
    /*
    ** Remove all redundant columns from the PRIMARY KEY.  For example, change
    ** "PRIMARY KEY(a,b,a,b,c,b,c,d)" into just "PRIMARY KEY(a,b,c,d)".  Later
    ** code assumes the PRIMARY KEY contains no repeated columns.
    */
    for(i=j=1; i<pPk->nKeyCol; i++){
      if( hasColumn(pPk->aiColumn, j, pPk->aiColumn[i]) ){
        pPk->nColumn--;
      }else{
        pPk->aiColumn[j++] = pPk->aiColumn[i];
      }
    }
    pPk->nKeyCol = j;
  }
  pPk->isCovering = 1;
  assert( pPk!=0 );
  nPk = pPk->nKeyCol;

  /* Make sure every column of the PRIMARY KEY is NOT NULL */
  for(i=0; i<nPk; i++){
................................................................................
** So there might be multiple references to the returned pointer.  The
** caller should not try to modify the KeyInfo object.
**
** The caller should invoke sqlite3KeyInfoUnref() on the returned object
** when it has finished using it.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE KeyInfo *sqlite3KeyInfoOfIndex(Parse *pParse, Index *pIdx){








  int i;
  int nCol = pIdx->nColumn;
  int nKey = pIdx->nKeyCol;
  KeyInfo *pKey;
  if( pParse->nErr ) return 0;
  if( pIdx->uniqNotNull ){
    pKey = sqlite3KeyInfoAlloc(pParse->db, nKey, nCol-nKey);
  }else{
    pKey = sqlite3KeyInfoAlloc(pParse->db, nCol, 0);
  }
  if( pKey ){
    assert( sqlite3KeyInfoIsWriteable(pKey) );
    for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
      char *zColl = pIdx->azColl[i];
      assert( zColl!=0 );
      pKey->aColl[i] = strcmp(zColl,"BINARY")==0 ? 0 :
                        sqlite3LocateCollSeq(pParse, zColl);
      pKey->aSortOrder[i] = pIdx->aSortOrder[i];
    }
    if( pParse->nErr ){
      sqlite3KeyInfoUnref(pKey);


      pKey = 0;
    }
  }


  return pKey;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CTE
/* 
** This routine is invoked once per CTE by the parser while parsing a 
** WITH clause. 
*/
................................................................................
  Vdbe *v;               /* The virtual database engine */
  Table *pTab;           /* The table from which records will be deleted */
  const char *zDb;       /* Name of database holding pTab */
  int i;                 /* Loop counter */
  WhereInfo *pWInfo;     /* Information about the WHERE clause */
  Index *pIdx;           /* For looping over indices of the table */
  int iTabCur;           /* Cursor number for the table */
  int iDataCur = 0;      /* VDBE cursor for the canonical data source */
  int iIdxCur = 0;       /* Cursor number of the first index */
  int nIdx;              /* Number of indices */
  sqlite3 *db;           /* Main database structure */
  AuthContext sContext;  /* Authorization context */
  NameContext sNC;       /* Name context to resolve expressions in */
  int iDb;               /* Database number */
  int memCnt = -1;       /* Memory cell used for change counting */
  int rcauth;            /* Value returned by authorization callback */
................................................................................
      /* IMP: R-37434-19929 Abs(X) returns NULL if X is NULL. */
      sqlite3_result_null(context);
      break;
    }
    default: {
      /* Because sqlite3_value_double() returns 0.0 if the argument is not
      ** something that can be converted into a number, we have:
      ** IMP: R-01992-00519 Abs(X) returns 0.0 if X is a string or blob
      ** that cannot be converted to a numeric value.
      */
      double rVal = sqlite3_value_double(argv[0]);
      if( rVal<0 ) rVal = -rVal;
      sqlite3_result_double(context, rVal);
      break;
    }
  }
................................................................................
    ** incrementing a counter. This is necessary as the VM code is being
    ** generated for will not open a statement transaction.  */
    assert( nIncr==1 );
    sqlite3HaltConstraint(pParse, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FOREIGNKEY,
        OE_Abort, 0, P4_STATIC, P5_ConstraintFK);
  }else{
    if( nIncr>0 && pFKey->isDeferred==0 ){
      sqlite3MayAbort(pParse);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_FkCounter, pFKey->isDeferred, nIncr);
  }

  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iOk);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iCur);
}
................................................................................

/*
** This function is called to generate code executed when a row is deleted
** from the parent table of foreign key constraint pFKey and, if pFKey is 
** deferred, when a row is inserted into the same table. When generating
** code for an SQL UPDATE operation, this function may be called twice -
** once to "delete" the old row and once to "insert" the new row.
**
** Parameter nIncr is passed -1 when inserting a row (as this may decrease
** the number of FK violations in the db) or +1 when deleting one (as this
** may increase the number of FK constraint problems).
**
** The code generated by this function scans through the rows in the child
** table that correspond to the parent table row being deleted or inserted.
** For each child row found, one of the following actions is taken:
**
**   Operation | FK type   | Action taken
**   --------------------------------------------------------------------------
................................................................................
  /* Resolve the references in the WHERE clause. */
  memset(&sNameContext, 0, sizeof(NameContext));
  sNameContext.pSrcList = pSrc;
  sNameContext.pParse = pParse;
  sqlite3ResolveExprNames(&sNameContext, pWhere);

  /* Create VDBE to loop through the entries in pSrc that match the WHERE
  ** clause. For each row found, increment either the deferred or immediate
  ** foreign key constraint counter. */

  pWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, pSrc, pWhere, 0, 0, 0, 0);



  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_FkCounter, pFKey->isDeferred, nIncr);
  if( pWInfo ){
    sqlite3WhereEnd(pWInfo);
  }

  /* Clean up the WHERE clause constructed above. */
  sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pWhere);
................................................................................
          return 1;
        }
      }
    }
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** Return true if the parser passed as the first argument is being
** used to code a trigger that is really a "SET NULL" action belonging
** to trigger pFKey.
*/
static int isSetNullAction(Parse *pParse, FKey *pFKey){
  Parse *pTop = sqlite3ParseToplevel(pParse);
  if( pTop->pTriggerPrg ){
    Trigger *p = pTop->pTriggerPrg->pTrigger;
    if( (p==pFKey->apTrigger[0] && pFKey->aAction[0]==OE_SetNull)
     || (p==pFKey->apTrigger[1] && pFKey->aAction[1]==OE_SetNull)
    ){
      return 1;
    }
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** This function is called when inserting, deleting or updating a row of
** table pTab to generate VDBE code to perform foreign key constraint 
** processing for the operation.
**
** For a DELETE operation, parameter regOld is passed the index of the
................................................................................
  for(pFKey=pTab->pFKey; pFKey; pFKey=pFKey->pNextFrom){
    Table *pTo;                   /* Parent table of foreign key pFKey */
    Index *pIdx = 0;              /* Index on key columns in pTo */
    int *aiFree = 0;
    int *aiCol;
    int iCol;
    int i;
    int bIgnore = 0;

    if( aChange 
     && sqlite3_stricmp(pTab->zName, pFKey->zTo)!=0
     && fkChildIsModified(pTab, pFKey, aChange, bChngRowid)==0 
    ){
      continue;
    }
................................................................................
      /* Request permission to read the parent key columns. If the 
      ** authorization callback returns SQLITE_IGNORE, behave as if any
      ** values read from the parent table are NULL. */
      if( db->xAuth ){
        int rcauth;
        char *zCol = pTo->aCol[pIdx ? pIdx->aiColumn[i] : pTo->iPKey].zName;
        rcauth = sqlite3AuthReadCol(pParse, pTo->zName, zCol, iDb);
        bIgnore = (rcauth==SQLITE_IGNORE);
      }
#endif
    }

    /* Take a shared-cache advisory read-lock on the parent table. Allocate 
    ** a cursor to use to search the unique index on the parent key columns 
    ** in the parent table.  */
................................................................................
    sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, pTo->tnum, 0, pTo->zName);
    pParse->nTab++;

    if( regOld!=0 ){
      /* A row is being removed from the child table. Search for the parent.
      ** If the parent does not exist, removing the child row resolves an 
      ** outstanding foreign key constraint violation. */
      fkLookupParent(pParse, iDb, pTo, pIdx, pFKey, aiCol, regOld, -1, bIgnore);
    }
    if( regNew!=0 && !isSetNullAction(pParse, pFKey) ){
      /* A row is being added to the child table. If a parent row cannot
      ** be found, adding the child row has violated the FK constraint. 
      **
      ** If this operation is being performed as part of a trigger program
      ** that is actually a "SET NULL" action belonging to this very 
      ** foreign key, then omit this scan altogether. As all child key
      ** values are guaranteed to be NULL, it is not possible for adding
      ** this row to cause an FK violation.  */
      fkLookupParent(pParse, iDb, pTo, pIdx, pFKey, aiCol, regNew, +1, bIgnore);
    }

    sqlite3DbFree(db, aiFree);
  }

  /* Loop through all the foreign key constraints that refer to this table.
  ** (the "child" constraints) */
................................................................................
      continue;
    }

    if( !pFKey->isDeferred && !(db->flags & SQLITE_DeferFKs) 
     && !pParse->pToplevel && !pParse->isMultiWrite 
    ){
      assert( regOld==0 && regNew!=0 );
      /* Inserting a single row into a parent table cannot cause (or fix)
      ** an immediate foreign key violation. So do nothing in this case.  */
      continue;
    }

    if( sqlite3FkLocateIndex(pParse, pTab, pFKey, &pIdx, &aiCol) ){
      if( !isIgnoreErrors || db->mallocFailed ) return;
      continue;
    }
................................................................................
      pItem->pTab->nRef++;
      pItem->iCursor = pParse->nTab++;
  
      if( regNew!=0 ){
        fkScanChildren(pParse, pSrc, pTab, pIdx, pFKey, aiCol, regNew, -1);
      }
      if( regOld!=0 ){
        int eAction = pFKey->aAction[aChange!=0];





        fkScanChildren(pParse, pSrc, pTab, pIdx, pFKey, aiCol, regOld, 1);
        /* If this is a deferred FK constraint, or a CASCADE or SET NULL
        ** action applies, then any foreign key violations caused by
        ** removing the parent key will be rectified by the action trigger.
        ** So do not set the "may-abort" flag in this case.
        **
        ** Note 1: If the FK is declared "ON UPDATE CASCADE", then the
        ** may-abort flag will eventually be set on this statement anyway
        ** (when this function is called as part of processing the UPDATE
        ** within the action trigger).
        **
        ** Note 2: At first glance it may seem like SQLite could simply omit
        ** all OP_FkCounter related scans when either CASCADE or SET NULL
        ** applies. The trouble starts if the CASCADE or SET NULL action 
        ** trigger causes other triggers or action rules attached to the 
        ** child table to fire. In these cases the fk constraint counters
        ** might be set incorrectly if any OP_FkCounter related scans are 
        ** omitted.  */
        if( !pFKey->isDeferred && eAction!=OE_Cascade && eAction!=OE_SetNull ){
          sqlite3MayAbort(pParse);
        }
      }
      pItem->zName = 0;
      sqlite3SrcListDelete(db, pSrc);
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(db, aiCol);
  }
}
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA
# define sqlite3_column_database_name   0
# define sqlite3_column_database_name16 0
# define sqlite3_column_table_name      0
# define sqlite3_column_table_name16    0
# define sqlite3_column_origin_name     0
# define sqlite3_column_origin_name16   0

#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
# define sqlite3_set_authorizer         0
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
................................................................................
#define PragTyp_ACTIVATE_EXTENSIONS           36
#define PragTyp_HEXKEY                        37
#define PragTyp_KEY                           38
#define PragTyp_REKEY                         39
#define PragTyp_LOCK_STATUS                   40
#define PragTyp_PARSER_TRACE                  41
#define PragFlag_NeedSchema           0x01
#define PragFlag_ReadOnly             0x02
static const struct sPragmaNames {
  const char *const zName;  /* Name of pragma */
  u8 ePragTyp;              /* PragTyp_XXX value */
  u8 mPragFlag;             /* Zero or more PragFlag_XXX values */
  u32 iArg;                 /* Extra argument */
} aPragmaNames[] = {
#if defined(SQLITE_HAS_CODEC) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_CEROD)
................................................................................
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SCHEMA_VERSION_PRAGMAS)
  { /* zName:     */ "application_id",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_HEADER_VALUE,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ BTREE_APPLICATION_ID },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM)
  { /* zName:     */ "auto_vacuum",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_AUTO_VACUUM,
    /* ePragFlag: */ PragFlag_NeedSchema,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
................................................................................
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS) && SQLITE_OS_WIN
  { /* zName:     */ "data_store_directory",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_DATA_STORE_DIRECTORY,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SCHEMA_VERSION_PRAGMAS)
  { /* zName:     */ "data_version",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_HEADER_VALUE,
    /* ePragFlag: */ PragFlag_ReadOnly,
    /* iArg:      */ BTREE_DATA_VERSION },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SCHEMA_PRAGMAS)
  { /* zName:     */ "database_list",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_DATABASE_LIST,
    /* ePragFlag: */ PragFlag_NeedSchema,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_DEPRECATED)
................................................................................
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_ForeignKeys },
#endif
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SCHEMA_VERSION_PRAGMAS)
  { /* zName:     */ "freelist_count",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_HEADER_VALUE,
    /* ePragFlag: */ PragFlag_ReadOnly,
    /* iArg:      */ BTREE_FREE_PAGE_COUNT },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FLAG_PRAGMAS)
  { /* zName:     */ "full_column_names",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FLAG,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_FullColNames },
  { /* zName:     */ "fullfsync",
................................................................................
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_ReverseOrder },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SCHEMA_VERSION_PRAGMAS)
  { /* zName:     */ "schema_version",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_HEADER_VALUE,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ BTREE_SCHEMA_VERSION },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS)
  { /* zName:     */ "secure_delete",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_SECURE_DELETE,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
................................................................................
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_THREADS,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SCHEMA_VERSION_PRAGMAS)
  { /* zName:     */ "user_version",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_HEADER_VALUE,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ BTREE_USER_VERSION },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FLAG_PRAGMAS)
#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
  { /* zName:     */ "vdbe_addoptrace",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FLAG,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_VdbeAddopTrace },
................................................................................
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FLAG_PRAGMAS)
  { /* zName:     */ "writable_schema",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FLAG,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_WriteSchema|SQLITE_RecoveryMode },
#endif
};
/* Number of pragmas: 58 on by default, 71 total. */
/* End of the automatically generated pragma table.
***************************************************************************/

/*
** Interpret the given string as a safety level.  Return 0 for OFF,
** 1 for ON or NORMAL and 2 for FULL.  Return 1 for an empty or 
** unrecognized string argument.  The FULL option is disallowed
................................................................................
){
  char *zLeft = 0;       /* Nul-terminated UTF-8 string <id> */
  char *zRight = 0;      /* Nul-terminated UTF-8 string <value>, or NULL */
  const char *zDb = 0;   /* The database name */
  Token *pId;            /* Pointer to <id> token */
  char *aFcntl[4];       /* Argument to SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA */
  int iDb;               /* Database index for <database> */
  int lwr, upr, mid = 0;       /* Binary search bounds */
  int rc;                      /* return value form SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;    /* The database connection */
  Db *pDb;                     /* The specific database being pragmaed */
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);  /* Prepared statement */

  if( v==0 ) return;
  sqlite3VdbeRunOnlyOnce(v);
................................................................................
      */
      if( 
        !(DbHasProperty(db, 0, DB_SchemaLoaded)) || 
        DbHasProperty(db, 0, DB_Empty) 
      ){
        for(pEnc=&encnames[0]; pEnc->zName; pEnc++){
          if( 0==sqlite3StrICmp(zRight, pEnc->zName) ){
            SCHEMA_ENC(db) = ENC(db) =
                pEnc->enc ? pEnc->enc : SQLITE_UTF16NATIVE;
            break;
          }
        }
        if( !pEnc->zName ){
          sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "unsupported encoding: %s", zRight);
        }
      }
................................................................................
  ** the schema-version is potentially dangerous and may lead to program
  ** crashes or database corruption. Use with caution!
  **
  ** The user-version is not used internally by SQLite. It may be used by
  ** applications for any purpose.
  */
  case PragTyp_HEADER_VALUE: {
    int iCookie = aPragmaNames[mid].iArg;  /* Which cookie to read or write */
    sqlite3VdbeUsesBtree(v, iDb);
    if( zRight && (aPragmaNames[mid].mPragFlag & PragFlag_ReadOnly)==0 ){















      /* Write the specified cookie value */
      static const VdbeOpList setCookie[] = {
        { OP_Transaction,    0,  1,  0},    /* 0 */
        { OP_Integer,        0,  1,  0},    /* 1 */
        { OP_SetCookie,      0,  0,  1},    /* 2 */
      };
      int addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(v, ArraySize(setCookie), setCookie, 0);
................................................................................
    }
  }
  break;
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_COMPILEOPTION_DIAGS */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  /*
  **   PRAGMA [database.]wal_checkpoint = passive|full|restart|truncate
  **
  ** Checkpoint the database.
  */
  case PragTyp_WAL_CHECKPOINT: {
    int iBt = (pId2->z?iDb:SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED);
    int eMode = SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE;
    if( zRight ){
      if( sqlite3StrICmp(zRight, "full")==0 ){
        eMode = SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL;
      }else if( sqlite3StrICmp(zRight, "restart")==0 ){
        eMode = SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_RESTART;
      }else if( sqlite3StrICmp(zRight, "truncate")==0 ){
        eMode = SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_TRUNCATE;
      }
    }
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 3);
    pParse->nMem = 3;
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "busy", SQLITE_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 1, COLNAME_NAME, "log", SQLITE_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 2, COLNAME_NAME, "checkpointed", SQLITE_STATIC);
................................................................................
** file was of zero-length, then the DB_Empty flag is also set.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Init(sqlite3 *db, char **pzErrMsg){
  int i, rc;
  int commit_internal = !(db->flags&SQLITE_InternChanges);
  
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(db->mutex) );
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(db->aDb[0].pBt) );
  assert( db->init.busy==0 );
  rc = SQLITE_OK;
  db->init.busy = 1;
  ENC(db) = SCHEMA_ENC(db);
  for(i=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<db->nDb; i++){
    if( DbHasProperty(db, i, DB_SchemaLoaded) || i==1 ) continue;
    rc = sqlite3InitOne(db, i, pzErrMsg);
    if( rc ){
      sqlite3ResetOneSchema(db, i);
    }
  }
................................................................................
  int nBytes,               /* Length of zSql in bytes. */
  int saveSqlFlag,          /* True to copy SQL text into the sqlite3_stmt */
  Vdbe *pOld,               /* VM being reprepared */
  sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt,    /* OUT: A pointer to the prepared statement */
  const char **pzTail       /* OUT: End of parsed string */
){
  int rc;


#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( ppStmt==0 ) return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
#endif
  *ppStmt = 0;
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db)||zSql==0 ){
    return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
  }
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  sqlite3BtreeEnterAll(db);
  rc = sqlite3Prepare(db, zSql, nBytes, saveSqlFlag, pOld, ppStmt, pzTail);
  if( rc==SQLITE_SCHEMA ){
    sqlite3_finalize(*ppStmt);
................................................................................
  ** encoded string to UTF-8, then invoking sqlite3_prepare(). The
  ** tricky bit is figuring out the pointer to return in *pzTail.
  */
  char *zSql8;
  const char *zTail8 = 0;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( ppStmt==0 ) return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
#endif
  *ppStmt = 0;
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db)||zSql==0 ){
    return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
  }
  if( nBytes>=0 ){
    int sz;
    const char *z = (const char*)zSql;
    for(sz=0; sz<nBytes && (z[sz]!=0 || z[sz+1]!=0); sz += 2){}
    nBytes = sz;
................................................................................
  int labelBkOut;       /* Start label for the block-output subroutine */
  int addrSortIndex;    /* Address of the OP_SorterOpen or OP_OpenEphemeral */
  u8 sortFlags;         /* Zero or more SORTFLAG_* bits */
};
#define SORTFLAG_UseSorter  0x01   /* Use SorterOpen instead of OpenEphemeral */

/*
** Delete all the content of a Select structure.  Deallocate the structure
** itself only if bFree is true.
*/
static void clearSelect(sqlite3 *db, Select *p, int bFree){
  while( p ){
    Select *pPrior = p->pPrior;
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, p->pEList);
    sqlite3SrcListDelete(db, p->pSrc);
    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pWhere);
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, p->pGroupBy);
    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pHaving);
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, p->pOrderBy);

    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pLimit);
    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pOffset);
    sqlite3WithDelete(db, p->pWith);
    if( bFree ) sqlite3DbFree(db, p);
    p = pPrior;
    bFree = 1;
  }
}

/*
** Initialize a SelectDest structure.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SelectDestInit(SelectDest *pDest, int eDest, int iParm){
  pDest->eDest = (u8)eDest;
................................................................................
  pNew->op = TK_SELECT;
  pNew->pLimit = pLimit;
  pNew->pOffset = pOffset;
  assert( pOffset==0 || pLimit!=0 );
  pNew->addrOpenEphm[0] = -1;
  pNew->addrOpenEphm[1] = -1;
  if( db->mallocFailed ) {
    clearSelect(db, pNew, pNew!=&standin);

    pNew = 0;
  }else{
    assert( pNew->pSrc!=0 || pParse->nErr>0 );
  }
  assert( pNew!=&standin );
  return pNew;
}
................................................................................
#endif


/*
** Delete the given Select structure and all of its substructures.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SelectDelete(sqlite3 *db, Select *p){

  clearSelect(db, p, 1);


}

/*
** Return a pointer to the right-most SELECT statement in a compound.
*/
static Select *findRightmost(Select *p){
  while( p->pNext ) p = p->pNext;
................................................................................
/* Forward references */
static int multiSelectOrderBy(
  Parse *pParse,        /* Parsing context */
  Select *p,            /* The right-most of SELECTs to be coded */
  SelectDest *pDest     /* What to do with query results */
);

/*
** Error message for when two or more terms of a compound select have different
** size result sets.
*/
static void selectWrongNumTermsError(Parse *pParse, Select *p){
  if( p->selFlags & SF_Values ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "all VALUES must have the same number of terms");
  }else{
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "SELECTs to the left and right of %s"
      " do not have the same number of result columns", selectOpName(p->op));
  }
}

/*
** Handle the special case of a compound-select that originates from a
** VALUES clause.  By handling this as a special case, we avoid deep
** recursion, and thus do not need to enforce the SQLITE_LIMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT
** on a VALUES clause.
**
** Because the Select object originates from a VALUES clause:
**   (1) It has no LIMIT or OFFSET
**   (2) All terms are UNION ALL
**   (3) There is no ORDER BY clause
*/
static int multiSelectValues(
  Parse *pParse,        /* Parsing context */
  Select *p,            /* The right-most of SELECTs to be coded */
  SelectDest *pDest     /* What to do with query results */
){
  Select *pPrior;
  int nExpr = p->pEList->nExpr;
  int nRow = 1;
  int rc = 0;
  assert( p->pNext==0 );
  assert( p->selFlags & SF_AllValues );
  do{
    assert( p->selFlags & SF_Values );
    assert( p->op==TK_ALL || (p->op==TK_SELECT && p->pPrior==0) );
    assert( p->pLimit==0 );
    assert( p->pOffset==0 );
    if( p->pEList->nExpr!=nExpr ){
      selectWrongNumTermsError(pParse, p);
      return 1;
    }
    if( p->pPrior==0 ) break;
    assert( p->pPrior->pNext==p );
    p = p->pPrior;
    nRow++;
  }while(1);
  while( p ){
    pPrior = p->pPrior;
    p->pPrior = 0;
    rc = sqlite3Select(pParse, p, pDest);
    p->pPrior = pPrior;
    if( rc ) break;
    p->nSelectRow = nRow;
    p = p->pNext;
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** This routine is called to process a compound query form from
** two or more separate queries using UNION, UNION ALL, EXCEPT, or
** INTERSECT
**
** "p" points to the right-most of the two queries.  the query on the
................................................................................
  */
  if( dest.eDest==SRT_EphemTab ){
    assert( p->pEList );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_OpenEphemeral, dest.iSDParm, p->pEList->nExpr);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, BTREE_UNORDERED);
    dest.eDest = SRT_Table;
  }

  /* Special handling for a compound-select that originates as a VALUES clause.
  */
  if( p->selFlags & SF_AllValues ){
    rc = multiSelectValues(pParse, p, &dest);
    goto multi_select_end;
  }

  /* Make sure all SELECTs in the statement have the same number of elements
  ** in their result sets.
  */
  assert( p->pEList && pPrior->pEList );
  if( p->pEList->nExpr!=pPrior->pEList->nExpr ){
    selectWrongNumTermsError(pParse, p);





    rc = 1;
    goto multi_select_end;
  }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CTE
  if( p->selFlags & SF_Recursive ){
    generateWithRecursiveQuery(pParse, p, &dest);
................................................................................
    return WRC_Abort;
  }
  if( NEVER(p->pSrc==0) || (selFlags & SF_Expanded)!=0 ){
    return WRC_Prune;
  }
  pTabList = p->pSrc;
  pEList = p->pEList;
  if( pWalker->xSelectCallback2==selectPopWith ){
    sqlite3WithPush(pParse, findRightmost(p)->pWith, 0);
  }

  /* Make sure cursor numbers have been assigned to all entries in
  ** the FROM clause of the SELECT statement.
  */
  sqlite3SrcListAssignCursors(pParse, pTabList);

  /* Look up every table named in the FROM clause of the select.  If
................................................................................
  w.xExprCallback = exprWalkNoop;
  w.pParse = pParse;
  if( pParse->hasCompound ){
    w.xSelectCallback = convertCompoundSelectToSubquery;
    sqlite3WalkSelect(&w, pSelect);
  }
  w.xSelectCallback = selectExpander;
  if( (pSelect->selFlags & SF_AllValues)==0 ){
    w.xSelectCallback2 = selectPopWith;
  }
  sqlite3WalkSelect(&w, pSelect);
}


#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
/*
** This is a Walker.xSelectCallback callback for the sqlite3SelectTypeInfo()
................................................................................
  ** if the select-list is the same as the ORDER BY list, then this query
  ** can be rewritten as a GROUP BY. In other words, this:
  **
  **     SELECT DISTINCT xyz FROM ... ORDER BY xyz
  **
  ** is transformed to:
  **
  **     SELECT xyz FROM ... GROUP BY xyz ORDER BY xyz
  **
  ** The second form is preferred as a single index (or temp-table) may be 
  ** used for both the ORDER BY and DISTINCT processing. As originally 
  ** written the query must use a temp-table for at least one of the ORDER 
  ** BY and DISTINCT, and an index or separate temp-table for the other.
  */
  if( (p->selFlags & (SF_Distinct|SF_Aggregate))==SF_Distinct 
   && sqlite3ExprListCompare(sSort.pOrderBy, p->pEList, -1)==0
  ){
    p->selFlags &= ~SF_Distinct;
    p->pGroupBy = sqlite3ExprListDup(db, p->pEList, 0);
    pGroupBy = p->pGroupBy;

    /* Notice that even thought SF_Distinct has been cleared from p->selFlags,
    ** the sDistinct.isTnct is still set.  Hence, isTnct represents the
    ** original setting of the SF_Distinct flag, not the current setting */
    assert( sDistinct.isTnct );
  }

  /* If there is an ORDER BY clause, then this sorting
................................................................................
  int *pnRow,                 /* Write the number of rows in the result here */
  int *pnColumn,              /* Write the number of columns of result here */
  char **pzErrMsg             /* Write error messages here */
){
  int rc;
  TabResult res;

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) || pazResult==0 ) return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
#endif
  *pazResult = 0;
  if( pnColumn ) *pnColumn = 0;
  if( pnRow ) *pnRow = 0;
  if( pzErrMsg ) *pzErrMsg = 0;
  res.zErrMsg = 0;
  res.nRow = 0;
  res.nColumn = 0;
................................................................................
** original database is required.  Every page of the database is written
** approximately 3 times:  Once for step (2) and twice for step (3).
** Two writes per page are required in step (3) because the original
** database content must be written into the rollback journal prior to
** overwriting the database with the vacuumed content.
**
** Only 1x temporary space and only 1x writes would be required if
** the copy of step (3) were replaced by deleting the original database
** and renaming the transient database as the original.  But that will
** not work if other processes are attached to the original database.
** And a power loss in between deleting the original and renaming the
** transient would cause the database file to appear to be deleted
** following reboot.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Vacuum(Parse *pParse){
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_create_module(
  sqlite3 *db,                    /* Database in which module is registered */
  const char *zName,              /* Name assigned to this module */
  const sqlite3_module *pModule,  /* The definition of the module */
  void *pAux                      /* Context pointer for xCreate/xConnect */
){
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) || zName==0 ) return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
#endif
  return createModule(db, zName, pModule, pAux, 0);
}

/*
** External API function used to create a new virtual-table module.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_create_module_v2(
  sqlite3 *db,                    /* Database in which module is registered */
  const char *zName,              /* Name assigned to this module */
  const sqlite3_module *pModule,  /* The definition of the module */
  void *pAux,                     /* Context pointer for xCreate/xConnect */
  void (*xDestroy)(void *)        /* Module destructor function */
){
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) || zName==0 ) return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
#endif
  return createModule(db, zName, pModule, pAux, xDestroy);
}

/*
** Lock the virtual table so that it cannot be disconnected.
** Locks nest.  Every lock should have a corresponding unlock.
** If an unlock is omitted, resources leaks will occur.  
................................................................................
  assert( iDb>=0 );

  pTable->tabFlags |= TF_Virtual;
  pTable->nModuleArg = 0;
  addModuleArgument(db, pTable, sqlite3NameFromToken(db, pModuleName));
  addModuleArgument(db, pTable, 0);
  addModuleArgument(db, pTable, sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pTable->zName));
  assert( (pParse->sNameToken.z==pName2->z && pName2->z!=0)
       || (pParse->sNameToken.z==pName1->z && pName2->z==0)
  );
  pParse->sNameToken.n = (int)(
      &pModuleName->z[pModuleName->n] - pParse->sNameToken.z
  );

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
  /* Creating a virtual table invokes the authorization callback twice.
  ** The first invocation, to obtain permission to INSERT a row into the
  ** sqlite_master table, has already been made by sqlite3StartTable().
  ** The second call, to obtain permission to create the table, is made now.
  */
................................................................................
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_declare_vtab(sqlite3 *db, const char *zCreateTable){
  Parse *pParse;

  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  Table *pTab;
  char *zErr = 0;

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) ) return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
#endif
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  if( !db->pVtabCtx || !(pTab = db->pVtabCtx->pTab) ){
    sqlite3Error(db, SQLITE_MISUSE);
    sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
    return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
  }
  assert( (pTab->tabFlags & TF_Virtual)!=0 );
................................................................................
** The results of this routine are undefined unless it is called from
** within an xUpdate method.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_vtab_on_conflict(sqlite3 *db){
  static const unsigned char aMap[] = { 
    SQLITE_ROLLBACK, SQLITE_ABORT, SQLITE_FAIL, SQLITE_IGNORE, SQLITE_REPLACE 
  };
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) ) return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
#endif
  assert( OE_Rollback==1 && OE_Abort==2 && OE_Fail==3 );
  assert( OE_Ignore==4 && OE_Replace==5 );
  assert( db->vtabOnConflict>=1 && db->vtabOnConflict<=5 );
  return (int)aMap[db->vtabOnConflict-1];
}

/*
................................................................................
** the SQLite core with additional information about the behavior
** of the virtual table being implemented.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_vtab_config(sqlite3 *db, int op, ...){
  va_list ap;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) ) return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
#endif
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);

  va_start(ap, op);
  switch( op ){
    case SQLITE_VTAB_CONSTRAINT_SUPPORT: {
      VtabCtx *p = db->pVtabCtx;
      if( !p ){
        rc = SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
      }else{
................................................................................
        u8 eEndLoopOp;         /* IN Loop terminator. OP_Next or OP_Prev */
      } *aInLoop;           /* Information about each nested IN operator */
    } in;                 /* Used when pWLoop->wsFlags&WHERE_IN_ABLE */
    Index *pCovidx;       /* Possible covering index for WHERE_MULTI_OR */
  } u;
  struct WhereLoop *pWLoop;  /* The selected WhereLoop object */
  Bitmask notReady;          /* FROM entries not usable at this level */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STMT_SCANSTATUS
  int addrVisit;        /* Address at which row is visited */
#endif
};

/*
** Each instance of this object represents an algorithm for evaluating one
** term of a join.  Every term of the FROM clause will have at least
** one corresponding WhereLoop object (unless INDEXED BY constraints
** prevent a query solution - which is an error) and many terms of the
................................................................................
  u8 iSortIdx;          /* Sorting index number.  0==None */
  LogEst rSetup;        /* One-time setup cost (ex: create transient index) */
  LogEst rRun;          /* Cost of running each loop */
  LogEst nOut;          /* Estimated number of output rows */
  union {
    struct {               /* Information for internal btree tables */
      u16 nEq;               /* Number of equality constraints */

      Index *pIndex;         /* Index used, or NULL */
    } btree;
    struct {               /* Information for virtual tables */
      int idxNum;            /* Index number */
      u8 needFree;           /* True if sqlite3_free(idxStr) is needed */
      i8 isOrdered;          /* True if satisfies ORDER BY */
      u16 omitMask;          /* Terms that may be omitted */
      char *idxStr;          /* Index identifier string */
    } vtab;
  } u;
  u32 wsFlags;          /* WHERE_* flags describing the plan */
  u16 nLTerm;           /* Number of entries in aLTerm[] */
  u16 nSkip;            /* Number of NULL aLTerm[] entries */
  /**** whereLoopXfer() copies fields above ***********************/
# define WHERE_LOOP_XFER_SZ offsetof(WhereLoop,nLSlot)
  u16 nLSlot;           /* Number of slots allocated for aLTerm[] */
  WhereTerm **aLTerm;   /* WhereTerms used */
  WhereLoop *pNextLoop; /* Next WhereLoop object in the WhereClause */
  WhereTerm *aLTermSpace[3];  /* Initial aLTerm[] space */
};

/* This object holds the prerequisites and the cost of running a
** subquery on one operand of an OR operator in the WHERE clause.
** See WhereOrSet for additional information 
*/
struct WhereOrCost {
................................................................................
#define WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE 0x00000400  /* WhereLoop.u.vtab is valid */
#define WHERE_IN_ABLE      0x00000800  /* Able to support an IN operator */
#define WHERE_ONEROW       0x00001000  /* Selects no more than one row */
#define WHERE_MULTI_OR     0x00002000  /* OR using multiple indices */
#define WHERE_AUTO_INDEX   0x00004000  /* Uses an ephemeral index */
#define WHERE_SKIPSCAN     0x00008000  /* Uses the skip-scan algorithm */
#define WHERE_UNQ_WANTED   0x00010000  /* WHERE_ONEROW would have been helpful*/
#define WHERE_PARTIALIDX   0x00020000  /* The automatic index is partial */

/************** End of whereInt.h ********************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in where.c **********************/

/*
** Return the estimated number of output rows from a WHERE clause
*/
................................................................................
      return 0;
    }
    memcpy(pWC->a, pOld, sizeof(pWC->a[0])*pWC->nTerm);
    if( pOld!=pWC->aStatic ){
      sqlite3DbFree(db, pOld);
    }
    pWC->nSlot = sqlite3DbMallocSize(db, pWC->a)/sizeof(pWC->a[0]);
    memset(&pWC->a[pWC->nTerm], 0, sizeof(pWC->a[0])*(pWC->nSlot-pWC->nTerm));
  }
  pTerm = &pWC->a[idx = pWC->nTerm++];
  if( p && ExprHasProperty(p, EP_Unlikely) ){
    pTerm->truthProb = sqlite3LogEst(p->iTable) - 270;
  }else{
    pTerm->truthProb = 1;
  }
  pTerm->pExpr = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(p);
  pTerm->wtFlags = wtFlags;
  pTerm->pWC = pWC;
  pTerm->iParent = -1;
................................................................................
*/
static void transferJoinMarkings(Expr *pDerived, Expr *pBase){
  if( pDerived ){
    pDerived->flags |= pBase->flags & EP_FromJoin;
    pDerived->iRightJoinTable = pBase->iRightJoinTable;
  }
}

/*
** Mark term iChild as being a child of term iParent
*/
static void markTermAsChild(WhereClause *pWC, int iChild, int iParent){
  pWC->a[iChild].iParent = iParent;
  pWC->a[iChild].truthProb = pWC->a[iParent].truthProb;
  pWC->a[iParent].nChild++;
}

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_OR_OPTIMIZATION) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY)
/*
** Analyze a term that consists of two or more OR-connected
** subterms.  So in:
**
**     ... WHERE  (a=5) AND (b=7 OR c=9 OR d=13) AND (d=13)
................................................................................
        transferJoinMarkings(pNew, pExpr);
        assert( !ExprHasProperty(pNew, EP_xIsSelect) );
        pNew->x.pList = pList;
        idxNew = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNew, TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC);
        testcase( idxNew==0 );
        exprAnalyze(pSrc, pWC, idxNew);
        pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];
        markTermAsChild(pWC, idxNew, idxTerm);

      }else{
        sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pList);
      }
      pTerm->eOperator = WO_NOOP;  /* case 1 trumps case 2 */
    }
  }
}
................................................................................
        if( db->mallocFailed ){
          sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pDup);
          return;
        }
        idxNew = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pDup, TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC);
        if( idxNew==0 ) return;
        pNew = &pWC->a[idxNew];
        markTermAsChild(pWC, idxNew, idxTerm);
        pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];

        pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_COPIED;
        if( pExpr->op==TK_EQ
         && !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_FromJoin)
         && OptimizationEnabled(db, SQLITE_Transitive)
        ){
          pTerm->eOperator |= WO_EQUIV;
          eExtraOp = WO_EQUIV;
................................................................................
                             sqlite3ExprDup(db, pExpr->pLeft, 0),
                             sqlite3ExprDup(db, pList->a[i].pExpr, 0), 0);
      transferJoinMarkings(pNewExpr, pExpr);
      idxNew = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNewExpr, TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC);
      testcase( idxNew==0 );
      exprAnalyze(pSrc, pWC, idxNew);
      pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];
      markTermAsChild(pWC, idxNew, idxTerm);
    }

  }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_BETWEEN_OPTIMIZATION */

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_OR_OPTIMIZATION) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY)
  /* Analyze a term that is composed of two or more subterms connected by
  ** an OR operator.
  */
................................................................................
           pStr2, 0);
    transferJoinMarkings(pNewExpr2, pExpr);
    idxNew2 = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNewExpr2, TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC);
    testcase( idxNew2==0 );
    exprAnalyze(pSrc, pWC, idxNew2);
    pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];
    if( isComplete ){
      markTermAsChild(pWC, idxNew1, idxTerm);
      markTermAsChild(pWC, idxNew2, idxTerm);

    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_LIKE_OPTIMIZATION */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  /* Add a WO_MATCH auxiliary term to the constraint set if the
  ** current expression is of the form:  column MATCH expr.
................................................................................
      idxNew = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNewExpr, TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC);
      testcase( idxNew==0 );
      pNewTerm = &pWC->a[idxNew];
      pNewTerm->prereqRight = prereqExpr;
      pNewTerm->leftCursor = pLeft->iTable;
      pNewTerm->u.leftColumn = pLeft->iColumn;
      pNewTerm->eOperator = WO_MATCH;
      markTermAsChild(pWC, idxNew, idxTerm);
      pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];

      pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_COPIED;
      pNewTerm->prereqAll = pTerm->prereqAll;
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
................................................................................
  ** TERM_VNULL tag will suppress the not-null check at the beginning
  ** of the loop.  Without the TERM_VNULL flag, the not-null check at
  ** the start of the loop will prevent any results from being returned.
  */
  if( pExpr->op==TK_NOTNULL
   && pExpr->pLeft->op==TK_COLUMN
   && pExpr->pLeft->iColumn>=0
   && OptimizationEnabled(db, SQLITE_Stat34)
  ){
    Expr *pNewExpr;
    Expr *pLeft = pExpr->pLeft;
    int idxNew;
    WhereTerm *pNewTerm;

    pNewExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_GT,
................................................................................
                              TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC|TERM_VNULL);
    if( idxNew ){
      pNewTerm = &pWC->a[idxNew];
      pNewTerm->prereqRight = 0;
      pNewTerm->leftCursor = pLeft->iTable;
      pNewTerm->u.leftColumn = pLeft->iColumn;
      pNewTerm->eOperator = WO_GT;
      markTermAsChild(pWC, idxNew, idxTerm);
      pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];

      pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_COPIED;
      pNewTerm->prereqAll = pTerm->prereqAll;
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4 */

  /* Prevent ON clause terms of a LEFT JOIN from being used to drive
................................................................................
  int mxBitCol;               /* Maximum column in pSrc->colUsed */
  CollSeq *pColl;             /* Collating sequence to on a column */
  WhereLoop *pLoop;           /* The Loop object */
  char *zNotUsed;             /* Extra space on the end of pIdx */
  Bitmask idxCols;            /* Bitmap of columns used for indexing */
  Bitmask extraCols;          /* Bitmap of additional columns */
  u8 sentWarning = 0;         /* True if a warnning has been issued */
  Expr *pPartial = 0;         /* Partial Index Expression */
  int iContinue = 0;          /* Jump here to skip excluded rows */

  /* Generate code to skip over the creation and initialization of the
  ** transient index on 2nd and subsequent iterations of the loop. */
  v = pParse->pVdbe;
  assert( v!=0 );
  addrInit = sqlite3CodeOnce(pParse); VdbeCoverage(v);

................................................................................
  ** and used to match WHERE clause constraints */
  nKeyCol = 0;
  pTable = pSrc->pTab;
  pWCEnd = &pWC->a[pWC->nTerm];
  pLoop = pLevel->pWLoop;
  idxCols = 0;
  for(pTerm=pWC->a; pTerm<pWCEnd; pTerm++){
    if( pLoop->prereq==0
     && (pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL)==0
     && sqlite3ExprIsTableConstant(pTerm->pExpr, pSrc->iCursor) ){
      pPartial = sqlite3ExprAnd(pParse->db, pPartial,
                                sqlite3ExprDup(pParse->db, pTerm->pExpr, 0));
    }
    if( termCanDriveIndex(pTerm, pSrc, notReady) ){
      int iCol = pTerm->u.leftColumn;
      Bitmask cMask = iCol>=BMS ? MASKBIT(BMS-1) : MASKBIT(iCol);
      testcase( iCol==BMS );
      testcase( iCol==BMS-1 );
      if( !sentWarning ){
        sqlite3_log(SQLITE_WARNING_AUTOINDEX,
            "automatic index on %s(%s)", pTable->zName,
            pTable->aCol[iCol].zName);
        sentWarning = 1;
      }
      if( (idxCols & cMask)==0 ){
        if( whereLoopResize(pParse->db, pLoop, nKeyCol+1) ){
          goto end_auto_index_create;
        }
        pLoop->aLTerm[nKeyCol++] = pTerm;
        idxCols |= cMask;
      }
    }
  }
  assert( nKeyCol>0 );
  pLoop->u.btree.nEq = pLoop->nLTerm = nKeyCol;
................................................................................
  ** columns that are needed by the query.  With a covering index, the
  ** original table never needs to be accessed.  Automatic indices must
  ** be a covering index because the index will not be updated if the
  ** original table changes and the index and table cannot both be used
  ** if they go out of sync.
  */
  extraCols = pSrc->colUsed & (~idxCols | MASKBIT(BMS-1));
  mxBitCol = MIN(BMS-1,pTable->nCol);
  testcase( pTable->nCol==BMS-1 );
  testcase( pTable->nCol==BMS-2 );
  for(i=0; i<mxBitCol; i++){
    if( extraCols & MASKBIT(i) ) nKeyCol++;
  }
  if( pSrc->colUsed & MASKBIT(BMS-1) ){
    nKeyCol += pTable->nCol - BMS + 1;
  }


  /* Construct the Index object to describe this index */
  pIdx = sqlite3AllocateIndexObject(pParse->db, nKeyCol+1, 0, &zNotUsed);
  if( pIdx==0 ) goto end_auto_index_create;
  pLoop->u.btree.pIndex = pIdx;
  pIdx->zName = "auto-index";
  pIdx->pTable = pTable;
  n = 0;
  idxCols = 0;
  for(pTerm=pWC->a; pTerm<pWCEnd; pTerm++){
    if( termCanDriveIndex(pTerm, pSrc, notReady) ){
................................................................................
  assert( pLevel->iIdxCur>=0 );
  pLevel->iIdxCur = pParse->nTab++;
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_OpenAutoindex, pLevel->iIdxCur, nKeyCol+1);
  sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pIdx);
  VdbeComment((v, "for %s", pTable->zName));

  /* Fill the automatic index with content */
  sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);
  addrTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Rewind, pLevel->iTabCur); VdbeCoverage(v);
  if( pPartial ){
    iContinue = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
    sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pPartial, iContinue, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
    pLoop->wsFlags |= WHERE_PARTIALIDX;
  }
  regRecord = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
  sqlite3GenerateIndexKey(pParse, pIdx, pLevel->iTabCur, regRecord, 0, 0, 0, 0);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxInsert, pLevel->iIdxCur, regRecord);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT);
  if( pPartial ) sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iContinue);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, pLevel->iTabCur, addrTop+1); VdbeCoverage(v);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_AUTOINDEX);
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrTop);
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regRecord);
  sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse);
  
  /* Jump here when skipping the initialization */
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrInit);

end_auto_index_create:
  sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, pPartial);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOMATIC_INDEX */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
/*
** Allocate and populate an sqlite3_index_info structure. It is the 
** responsibility of the caller to eventually release the structure
................................................................................
    }
  }

  return pParse->nErr;
}
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE) */


#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
/*
** Estimate the location of a particular key among all keys in an
** index.  Store the results in aStat as follows:
**
**    aStat[0]      Est. number of rows less than pVal
**    aStat[1]      Est. number of rows equal to pVal
**
** Return the index of the sample that is the smallest sample that
** is greater than or equal to pRec.
*/
static int whereKeyStats(
  Parse *pParse,              /* Database connection */
  Index *pIdx,                /* Index to consider domain of */
  UnpackedRecord *pRec,       /* Vector of values to consider */
  int roundUp,                /* Round up if true.  Round down if false */
  tRowcnt *aStat              /* OUT: stats written here */
){
  IndexSample *aSample = pIdx->aSample;
................................................................................
    if( roundUp ){
      iGap = (iGap*2)/3;
    }else{
      iGap = iGap/3;
    }
    aStat[0] = iLower + iGap;
  }
  return i;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4 */

/*
** If it is not NULL, pTerm is a term that provides an upper or lower
** bound on a range scan. Without considering pTerm, it is estimated 
** that the scan will visit nNew rows. This function returns the number
................................................................................
**                    |_____|   |_____|
**                       |         |
**                     pLower    pUpper
**
** If either of the upper or lower bound is not present, then NULL is passed in
** place of the corresponding WhereTerm.
**
** The value in (pBuilder->pNew->u.btree.nEq) is the number of the index
** column subject to the range constraint. Or, equivalently, the number of
** equality constraints optimized by the proposed index scan. For example,
** assuming index p is on t1(a, b), and the SQL query is:
**
**   ... FROM t1 WHERE a = ? AND b > ? AND b < ? ...
**
** then nEq is set to 1 (as the range restricted column, b, is the second 
................................................................................
**
**   ... FROM t1 WHERE a > ? AND a < ? ...
**
** then nEq is set to 0.
**
** When this function is called, *pnOut is set to the sqlite3LogEst() of the
** number of rows that the index scan is expected to visit without 
** considering the range constraints. If nEq is 0, then *pnOut is the number of 
** rows in the index. Assuming no error occurs, *pnOut is adjusted (reduced)
** to account for the range constraints pLower and pUpper.
** 
** In the absence of sqlite_stat4 ANALYZE data, or if such data cannot be
** used, a single range inequality reduces the search space by a factor of 4. 
** and a pair of constraints (x>? AND x<?) reduces the expected number of
** rows visited by a factor of 64.
................................................................................
  int nOut = pLoop->nOut;
  LogEst nNew;

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  Index *p = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex;
  int nEq = pLoop->u.btree.nEq;


  if( p->nSample>0 && nEq<p->nSampleCol ){


    if( nEq==pBuilder->nRecValid ){
      UnpackedRecord *pRec = pBuilder->pRec;
      tRowcnt a[2];
      u8 aff;

      /* Variable iLower will be set to the estimate of the number of rows in 
      ** the index that are less than the lower bound of the range query. The
................................................................................
      ** key-prefix formed by the nEq values matched against the nEq left-most
      ** columns of the index, and $L is the value in pLower.
      **
      ** Or, if pLower is NULL or $L cannot be extracted from it (because it
      ** is not a simple variable or literal value), the lower bound of the
      ** range is $P. Due to a quirk in the way whereKeyStats() works, even
      ** if $L is available, whereKeyStats() is called for both ($P) and 
      ** ($P:$L) and the larger of the two returned values is used.
      **
      ** Similarly, iUpper is to be set to the estimate of the number of rows
      ** less than the upper bound of the range query. Where the upper bound
      ** is either ($P) or ($P:$U). Again, even if $U is available, both values
      ** of iUpper are requested of whereKeyStats() and the smaller used.
      **
      ** The number of rows between the two bounds is then just iUpper-iLower.
      */
      tRowcnt iLower;     /* Rows less than the lower bound */
      tRowcnt iUpper;     /* Rows less than the upper bound */
      int iLwrIdx = -2;   /* aSample[] for the lower bound */
      int iUprIdx = -1;   /* aSample[] for the upper bound */

      if( pRec ){
        testcase( pRec->nField!=pBuilder->nRecValid );
        pRec->nField = pBuilder->nRecValid;
      }
      if( nEq==p->nKeyCol ){
        aff = SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER;
      }else{
        aff = p->pTable->aCol[p->aiColumn[nEq]].affinity;
      }
      /* Determine iLower and iUpper using ($P) only. */
      if( nEq==0 ){
        iLower = 0;
        iUpper = p->nRowEst0;
      }else{
        /* Note: this call could be optimized away - since the same values must 
        ** have been requested when testing key $P in whereEqualScanEst().  */
        whereKeyStats(pParse, p, pRec, 0, a);
        iLower = a[0];
        iUpper = a[0] + a[1];
      }
................................................................................
      /* If possible, improve on the iLower estimate using ($P:$L). */
      if( pLower ){
        int bOk;                    /* True if value is extracted from pExpr */
        Expr *pExpr = pLower->pExpr->pRight;
        rc = sqlite3Stat4ProbeSetValue(pParse, p, &pRec, pExpr, aff, nEq, &bOk);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK && bOk ){
          tRowcnt iNew;
          iLwrIdx = whereKeyStats(pParse, p, pRec, 0, a);
          iNew = a[0] + ((pLower->eOperator & (WO_GT|WO_LE)) ? a[1] : 0);
          if( iNew>iLower ) iLower = iNew;
          nOut--;
          pLower = 0;
        }
      }

................................................................................
      /* If possible, improve on the iUpper estimate using ($P:$U). */
      if( pUpper ){
        int bOk;                    /* True if value is extracted from pExpr */
        Expr *pExpr = pUpper->pExpr->pRight;
        rc = sqlite3Stat4ProbeSetValue(pParse, p, &pRec, pExpr, aff, nEq, &bOk);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK && bOk ){
          tRowcnt iNew;
          iUprIdx = whereKeyStats(pParse, p, pRec, 1, a);
          iNew = a[0] + ((pUpper->eOperator & (WO_GT|WO_LE)) ? a[1] : 0);
          if( iNew<iUpper ) iUpper = iNew;
          nOut--;
          pUpper = 0;
        }
      }

      pBuilder->pRec = pRec;
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        if( iUpper>iLower ){
          nNew = sqlite3LogEst(iUpper - iLower);
          /* TUNING:  If both iUpper and iLower are derived from the same
          ** sample, then assume they are 4x more selective.  This brings
          ** the estimated selectivity more in line with what it would be
          ** if estimated without the use of STAT3/4 tables. */
          if( iLwrIdx==iUprIdx ) nNew -= 20;  assert( 20==sqlite3LogEst(4) );
        }else{
          nNew = 10;        assert( 10==sqlite3LogEst(2) );
        }
        if( nNew<nOut ){
          nOut = nNew;
        }
        WHERETRACE(0x10, ("STAT4 range scan: %u..%u  est=%d\n",
................................................................................
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pBuilder);
  assert( pLower || pUpper );
#endif
  assert( pUpper==0 || (pUpper->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL)==0 );
  nNew = whereRangeAdjust(pLower, nOut);
  nNew = whereRangeAdjust(pUpper, nNew);

  /* TUNING: If there is both an upper and lower limit and neither limit
  ** has an application-defined likelihood(), assume the range is
  ** reduced by an additional 75%. This means that, by default, an open-ended
  ** range query (e.g. col > ?) is assumed to match 1/4 of the rows in the
  ** index. While a closed range (e.g. col BETWEEN ? AND ?) is estimated to
  ** match 1/64 of the index. */ 
  if( pLower && pLower->truthProb>0 && pUpper && pUpper->truthProb>0 ){
    nNew -= 20;
  }

  nOut -= (pLower!=0) + (pUpper!=0);
  if( nNew<10 ) nNew = 10;
  if( nNew<nOut ) nOut = nNew;
#if defined(WHERETRACE_ENABLED)
  if( pLoop->nOut>nOut ){
    WHERETRACE(0x10,("Range scan lowers nOut from %d to %d\n",
................................................................................
  int nReg;                     /* Number of registers to allocate */
  char *zAff;                   /* Affinity string to return */

  /* This module is only called on query plans that use an index. */
  pLoop = pLevel->pWLoop;
  assert( (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)==0 );
  nEq = pLoop->u.btree.nEq;
  nSkip = pLoop->nSkip;
  pIdx = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex;
  assert( pIdx!=0 );

  /* Figure out how many memory cells we will need then allocate them.
  */
  regBase = pParse->nMem + 1;
  nReg = pLoop->u.btree.nEq + nExtraReg;
................................................................................
** string similar to:
**
**   "a=? AND b>?"
*/
static void explainIndexRange(StrAccum *pStr, WhereLoop *pLoop, Table *pTab){
  Index *pIndex = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex;
  u16 nEq = pLoop->u.btree.nEq;
  u16 nSkip = pLoop->nSkip;
  int i, j;
  Column *aCol = pTab->aCol;
  i16 *aiColumn = pIndex->aiColumn;

  if( nEq==0 && (pLoop->wsFlags&(WHERE_BTM_LIMIT|WHERE_TOP_LIMIT))==0 ) return;
  sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pStr, " (", 2);
  for(i=0; i<nEq; i++){
................................................................................
    explainAppendTerm(pStr, i, z, "<");
  }
  sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pStr, ")", 1);
}

/*
** This function is a no-op unless currently processing an EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
** command, or if either SQLITE_DEBUG or SQLITE_ENABLE_STMT_SCANSTATUS was
** defined at compile-time. If it is not a no-op, a single OP_Explain opcode 
** is added to the output to describe the table scan strategy in pLevel.

**
** If an OP_Explain opcode is added to the VM, its address is returned.
** Otherwise, if no OP_Explain is coded, zero is returned.
*/
static int explainOneScan(
  Parse *pParse,                  /* Parse context */
  SrcList *pTabList,              /* Table list this loop refers to */
  WhereLevel *pLevel,             /* Scan to write OP_Explain opcode for */
  int iLevel,                     /* Value for "level" column of output */
  int iFrom,                      /* Value for "from" column of output */
  u16 wctrlFlags                  /* Flags passed to sqlite3WhereBegin() */
){
  int ret = 0;
#if !defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) && !defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STMT_SCANSTATUS)
  if( pParse->explain==2 )
#endif
  {
    struct SrcList_item *pItem = &pTabList->a[pLevel->iFrom];
    Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;      /* VM being constructed */
    sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;     /* Database handle */
    int iId = pParse->iSelectId;  /* Select id (left-most output column) */
................................................................................
    u32 flags;                    /* Flags that describe this loop */
    char *zMsg;                   /* Text to add to EQP output */
    StrAccum str;                 /* EQP output string */
    char zBuf[100];               /* Initial space for EQP output string */

    pLoop = pLevel->pWLoop;
    flags = pLoop->wsFlags;
    if( (flags&WHERE_MULTI_OR) || (wctrlFlags&WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY) ) return 0;

    isSearch = (flags&(WHERE_BTM_LIMIT|WHERE_TOP_LIMIT))!=0
            || ((flags&WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)==0 && (pLoop->u.btree.nEq>0))
            || (wctrlFlags&(WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN|WHERE_ORDERBY_MAX));

    sqlite3StrAccumInit(&str, zBuf, sizeof(zBuf), SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH);
    str.db = db;
................................................................................
      assert( pLoop->u.btree.pIndex!=0 );
      pIdx = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex;
      assert( !(flags&WHERE_AUTO_INDEX) || (flags&WHERE_IDX_ONLY) );
      if( !HasRowid(pItem->pTab) && IsPrimaryKeyIndex(pIdx) ){
        if( isSearch ){
          zFmt = "PRIMARY KEY";
        }
      }else if( flags & WHERE_PARTIALIDX ){
        zFmt = "AUTOMATIC PARTIAL COVERING INDEX";
      }else if( flags & WHERE_AUTO_INDEX ){
        zFmt = "AUTOMATIC COVERING INDEX";
      }else if( flags & WHERE_IDX_ONLY ){
        zFmt = "COVERING INDEX %s";
      }else{
        zFmt = "INDEX %s";
      }
................................................................................
    if( pLoop->nOut>=10 ){
      sqlite3XPrintf(&str, 0, " (~%llu rows)", sqlite3LogEstToInt(pLoop->nOut));
    }else{
      sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&str, " (~1 row)", 9);
    }
#endif
    zMsg = sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&str);
    ret = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Explain, iId, iLevel, iFrom, zMsg,P4_DYNAMIC);
  }
  return ret;
}
#else
# define explainOneScan(u,v,w,x,y,z) 0
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STMT_SCANSTATUS
/*
** Configure the VM passed as the first argument with an
** sqlite3_stmt_scanstatus() entry corresponding to the scan used to 
** implement level pLvl. Argument pSrclist is a pointer to the FROM 
** clause that the scan reads data from.
**
** If argument addrExplain is not 0, it must be the address of an 
** OP_Explain instruction that describes the same loop.
*/
static void addScanStatus(
  Vdbe *v,                        /* Vdbe to add scanstatus entry to */
  SrcList *pSrclist,              /* FROM clause pLvl reads data from */
  WhereLevel *pLvl,               /* Level to add scanstatus() entry for */
  int addrExplain                 /* Address of OP_Explain (or 0) */
){
  const char *zObj = 0;
  WhereLoop *pLoop = pLvl->pWLoop;
  if( (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)==0  &&  pLoop->u.btree.pIndex!=0 ){
    zObj = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex->zName;
  }else{
    zObj = pSrclist->a[pLvl->iFrom].zName;
  }
  sqlite3VdbeScanStatus(
      v, addrExplain, pLvl->addrBody, pLvl->addrVisit, pLoop->nOut, zObj
  );
}
#else
# define addScanStatus(a, b, c, d) ((void)d)
#endif



/*
** Generate code for the start of the iLevel-th loop in the WHERE clause
** implementation described by pWInfo.
*/
static Bitmask codeOneLoopStart(
................................................................................
    char *zStartAff;             /* Affinity for start of range constraint */
    char cEndAff = 0;            /* Affinity for end of range constraint */
    u8 bSeekPastNull = 0;        /* True to seek past initial nulls */
    u8 bStopAtNull = 0;          /* Add condition to terminate at NULLs */

    pIdx = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex;
    iIdxCur = pLevel->iIdxCur;
    assert( nEq>=pLoop->nSkip );

    /* If this loop satisfies a sort order (pOrderBy) request that 
    ** was passed to this function to implement a "SELECT min(x) ..." 
    ** query, then the caller will only allow the loop to run for
    ** a single iteration. This means that the first row returned
    ** should not have a NULL value stored in 'x'. If column 'x' is
    ** the first one after the nEq equality constraints in the index,
................................................................................
    assert( pWInfo->pOrderBy==0
         || pWInfo->pOrderBy->nExpr==1
         || (pWInfo->wctrlFlags&WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN)==0 );
    if( (pWInfo->wctrlFlags&WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN)!=0
     && pWInfo->nOBSat>0
     && (pIdx->nKeyCol>nEq)
    ){
      assert( pLoop->nSkip==0 );
      bSeekPastNull = 1;
      nExtraReg = 1;
    }

    /* Find any inequality constraint terms for the start and end 
    ** of the range. 
    */
................................................................................
    */
    if( pWC->nTerm>1 ){
      int iTerm;
      for(iTerm=0; iTerm<pWC->nTerm; iTerm++){
        Expr *pExpr = pWC->a[iTerm].pExpr;
        if( &pWC->a[iTerm] == pTerm ) continue;
        if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_FromJoin) ) continue;

        if( (pWC->a[iTerm].wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL)!=0 ) continue;

        if( (pWC->a[iTerm].eOperator & WO_ALL)==0 ) continue;
        testcase( pWC->a[iTerm].wtFlags & TERM_ORINFO );
        pExpr = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pExpr, 0);
        pAndExpr = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pAndExpr, pExpr);
      }
      if( pAndExpr ){
        pAndExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_AND, 0, pAndExpr, 0);
      }
    }
................................................................................
        /* Loop through table entries that match term pOrTerm. */
        WHERETRACE(0xffff, ("Subplan for OR-clause:\n"));
        pSubWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, pOrTab, pOrExpr, 0, 0,
                                      wctrlFlags, iCovCur);
        assert( pSubWInfo || pParse->nErr || db->mallocFailed );
        if( pSubWInfo ){
          WhereLoop *pSubLoop;
          int addrExplain = explainOneScan(
              pParse, pOrTab, &pSubWInfo->a[0], iLevel, pLevel->iFrom, 0
          );
          addScanStatus(v, pOrTab, &pSubWInfo->a[0], addrExplain);

          /* This is the sub-WHERE clause body.  First skip over
          ** duplicate rows from prior sub-WHERE clauses, and record the
          ** rowid (or PRIMARY KEY) for the current row so that the same
          ** row will be skipped in subsequent sub-WHERE clauses.
          */
          if( (pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_DUPLICATES_OK)==0 ){
            int r;
................................................................................
      pLevel->p1 = iCur;
      pLevel->p2 = 1 + sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, aStart[bRev], iCur, addrBrk);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, bRev==0);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, bRev!=0);
      pLevel->p5 = SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_FULLSCAN_STEP;
    }
  }

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STMT_SCANSTATUS
  pLevel->addrVisit = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
#endif

  /* Insert code to test every subexpression that can be completely
  ** computed using the current set of tables.
  */
  for(pTerm=pWC->a, j=pWC->nTerm; j>0; j--, pTerm++){
    Expr *pE;
    testcase( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL );
................................................................................
    }else{
      z = sqlite3_mprintf("(%d,%x)", p->u.vtab.idxNum, p->u.vtab.omitMask);
    }
    sqlite3DebugPrintf(" %-19s", z);
    sqlite3_free(z);
  }
  if( p->wsFlags & WHERE_SKIPSCAN ){
    sqlite3DebugPrintf(" f %05x %d-%d", p->wsFlags, p->nLTerm,p->nSkip);
  }else{
    sqlite3DebugPrintf(" f %05x N %d", p->wsFlags, p->nLTerm);
  }
  sqlite3DebugPrintf(" cost %d,%d,%d\n", p->rSetup, p->rRun, p->nOut);
  if( p->nLTerm && (sqlite3WhereTrace & 0x100)!=0 ){
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<p->nLTerm; i++){
................................................................................
  if( p->wsFlags & (WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE|WHERE_AUTO_INDEX) ){
    if( (p->wsFlags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)!=0 && p->u.vtab.needFree ){
      sqlite3_free(p->u.vtab.idxStr);
      p->u.vtab.needFree = 0;
      p->u.vtab.idxStr = 0;
    }else if( (p->wsFlags & WHERE_AUTO_INDEX)!=0 && p->u.btree.pIndex!=0 ){
      sqlite3DbFree(db, p->u.btree.pIndex->zColAff);

      sqlite3DbFree(db, p->u.btree.pIndex);
      p->u.btree.pIndex = 0;
    }
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
      whereLoopDelete(db, p);
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pWInfo);
  }
}

/*
** Return TRUE if all of the following are true:
**
**   (1)  X has the same or lower cost that Y
**   (2)  X is a proper subset of Y
**   (3)  X skips at least as many columns as Y
**
** By "proper subset" we mean that X uses fewer WHERE clause terms
** than Y and that every WHERE clause term used by X is also used
** by Y.
**
** If X is a proper subset of Y then Y is a better choice and ought
** to have a lower cost.  This routine returns TRUE when that cost 
** relationship is inverted and needs to be adjusted.  The third rule
** was added because if X uses skip-scan less than Y it still might
** deserve a lower cost even if it is a proper subset of Y.
*/
static int whereLoopCheaperProperSubset(
  const WhereLoop *pX,       /* First WhereLoop to compare */
  const WhereLoop *pY        /* Compare against this WhereLoop */
){
  int i, j;
  if( pX->nLTerm-pX->nSkip >= pY->nLTerm-pY->nSkip ){
    return 0; /* X is not a subset of Y */
  }
  if( pY->nSkip > pX->nSkip ) return 0;
  if( pX->rRun >= pY->rRun ){
    if( pX->rRun > pY->rRun ) return 0;    /* X costs more than Y */
    if( pX->nOut > pY->nOut ) return 0;    /* X costs more than Y */
  }
  for(i=pX->nLTerm-1; i>=0; i--){
    if( pX->aLTerm[i]==0 ) continue;
    for(j=pY->nLTerm-1; j>=0; j--){
      if( pY->aLTerm[j]==pX->aLTerm[i] ) break;
    }
    if( j<0 ) return 0;  /* X not a subset of Y since term X[i] not used by Y */
  }
  return 1;  /* All conditions meet */
}
................................................................................
**
**   (2) pTemplate costs more than any other WhereLoops for which pTemplate
**       is a proper subset.
**
** To say "WhereLoop X is a proper subset of Y" means that X uses fewer
** WHERE clause terms than Y and that every WHERE clause term used by X is
** also used by Y.











*/
static void whereLoopAdjustCost(const WhereLoop *p, WhereLoop *pTemplate){
  if( (pTemplate->wsFlags & WHERE_INDEXED)==0 ) return;

  for(; p; p=p->pNextLoop){
    if( p->iTab!=pTemplate->iTab ) continue;
    if( (p->wsFlags & WHERE_INDEXED)==0 ) continue;

    if( whereLoopCheaperProperSubset(p, pTemplate) ){
      /* Adjust pTemplate cost downward so that it is cheaper than its 
      ** subset p. */
      WHERETRACE(0x80,("subset cost adjustment %d,%d to %d,%d\n",
                       pTemplate->rRun, pTemplate->nOut, p->rRun, p->nOut-1));
      pTemplate->rRun = p->rRun;
      pTemplate->nOut = p->nOut - 1;
    }else if( whereLoopCheaperProperSubset(pTemplate, p) ){
      /* Adjust pTemplate cost upward so that it is costlier than p since
      ** pTemplate is a proper subset of p */
      WHERETRACE(0x80,("subset cost adjustment %d,%d to %d,%d\n",
                       pTemplate->rRun, pTemplate->nOut, p->rRun, p->nOut+1));
      pTemplate->rRun = p->rRun;
      pTemplate->nOut = p->nOut + 1;
    }
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
    /* whereLoopAddBtree() always generates and inserts the automatic index
    ** case first.  Hence compatible candidate WhereLoops never have a larger
    ** rSetup. Call this SETUP-INVARIANT */
    assert( p->rSetup>=pTemplate->rSetup );

    /* Any loop using an appliation-defined index (or PRIMARY KEY or
    ** UNIQUE constraint) with one or more == constraints is better
    ** than an automatic index. Unless it is a skip-scan. */
    if( (p->wsFlags & WHERE_AUTO_INDEX)!=0
     && (pTemplate->nSkip)==0
     && (pTemplate->wsFlags & WHERE_INDEXED)!=0
     && (pTemplate->wsFlags & WHERE_COLUMN_EQ)!=0
     && (p->prereq & pTemplate->prereq)==pTemplate->prereq
    ){
      break;
    }

................................................................................
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Adjust the WhereLoop.nOut value downward to account for terms of the
** WHERE clause that reference the loop but which are not used by an
** index.
*
** For every WHERE clause term that is not used by the index
** and which has a truth probability assigned by one of the likelihood(),
** likely(), or unlikely() SQL functions, reduce the estimated number
** of output rows by the probability specified.
**



** TUNING:  For every WHERE clause term that is not used by the index
** and which does not have an assigned truth probability, heuristics
** described below are used to try to estimate the truth probability.
** TODO --> Perhaps this is something that could be improved by better
** table statistics.
**
** Heuristic 1:  Estimate the truth probability as 93.75%.  The 93.75%
** value corresponds to -1 in LogEst notation, so this means decrement
** the WhereLoop.nOut field for every such WHERE clause term.
**
** Heuristic 2:  If there exists one or more WHERE clause terms of the
** form "x==EXPR" and EXPR is not a constant 0 or 1, then make sure the
** final output row estimate is no greater than 1/4 of the total number
** of rows in the table.  In other words, assume that x==EXPR will filter
** out at least 3 out of 4 rows.  If EXPR is -1 or 0 or 1, then maybe the
** "x" column is boolean or else -1 or 0 or 1 is a common default value
** on the "x" column and so in that case only cap the output row estimate
** at 1/2 instead of 1/4.
*/
static void whereLoopOutputAdjust(
  WhereClause *pWC,      /* The WHERE clause */
  WhereLoop *pLoop,      /* The loop to adjust downward */
  LogEst nRow            /* Number of rows in the entire table */
){
  WhereTerm *pTerm, *pX;
  Bitmask notAllowed = ~(pLoop->prereq|pLoop->maskSelf);
  int i, j, k;
  LogEst iReduce = 0;    /* pLoop->nOut should not exceed nRow-iReduce */

  assert( (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_AUTO_INDEX)==0 );
  for(i=pWC->nTerm, pTerm=pWC->a; i>0; i--, pTerm++){
    if( (pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL)!=0 ) break;
    if( (pTerm->prereqAll & pLoop->maskSelf)==0 ) continue;
    if( (pTerm->prereqAll & notAllowed)!=0 ) continue;
    for(j=pLoop->nLTerm-1; j>=0; j--){
      pX = pLoop->aLTerm[j];
      if( pX==0 ) continue;
      if( pX==pTerm ) break;
      if( pX->iParent>=0 && (&pWC->a[pX->iParent])==pTerm ) break;
    }
    if( j<0 ){
      if( pTerm->truthProb<=0 ){
        /* If a truth probability is specified using the likelihood() hints,
        ** then use the probability provided by the application. */
        pLoop->nOut += pTerm->truthProb;
      }else{
        /* In the absence of explicit truth probabilities, use heuristics to
        ** guess a reasonable truth probability. */
        pLoop->nOut--;
        if( pTerm->eOperator&WO_EQ ){
          Expr *pRight = pTerm->pExpr->pRight;
          if( sqlite3ExprIsInteger(pRight, &k) && k>=(-1) && k<=1 ){
            k = 10;
          }else{
            k = 20;
          }
          if( iReduce<k ) iReduce = k;
        }
      }
    }
  }
  if( pLoop->nOut > nRow-iReduce )  pLoop->nOut = nRow - iReduce;






}

/*
** Adjust the cost C by the costMult facter T.  This only occurs if
** compiled with -DSQLITE_ENABLE_COSTMULT
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COSTMULT
................................................................................
  WhereLoop *pNew;                /* Template WhereLoop under construction */
  WhereTerm *pTerm;               /* A WhereTerm under consideration */
  int opMask;                     /* Valid operators for constraints */
  WhereScan scan;                 /* Iterator for WHERE terms */
  Bitmask saved_prereq;           /* Original value of pNew->prereq */
  u16 saved_nLTerm;               /* Original value of pNew->nLTerm */
  u16 saved_nEq;                  /* Original value of pNew->u.btree.nEq */
  u16 saved_nSkip;                /* Original value of pNew->nSkip */
  u32 saved_wsFlags;              /* Original value of pNew->wsFlags */
  LogEst saved_nOut;              /* Original value of pNew->nOut */
  int iCol;                       /* Index of the column in the table */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return code */
  LogEst rSize;                   /* Number of rows in the table */
  LogEst rLogSize;                /* Logarithm of table size */
  WhereTerm *pTop = 0, *pBtm = 0; /* Top and bottom range constraints */
................................................................................

  assert( pNew->u.btree.nEq<pProbe->nColumn );
  iCol = pProbe->aiColumn[pNew->u.btree.nEq];

  pTerm = whereScanInit(&scan, pBuilder->pWC, pSrc->iCursor, iCol,
                        opMask, pProbe);
  saved_nEq = pNew->u.btree.nEq;
  saved_nSkip = pNew->nSkip;
  saved_nLTerm = pNew->nLTerm;
  saved_wsFlags = pNew->wsFlags;
  saved_prereq = pNew->prereq;
  saved_nOut = pNew->nOut;
  pNew->rSetup = 0;
  rSize = pProbe->aiRowLogEst[0];
  rLogSize = estLog(rSize);






































  for(; rc==SQLITE_OK && pTerm!=0; pTerm = whereScanNext(&scan)){
    u16 eOp = pTerm->eOperator;   /* Shorthand for pTerm->eOperator */
    LogEst rCostIdx;
    LogEst nOutUnadjusted;        /* nOut before IN() and WHERE adjustments */
    int nIn = 0;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
    int nRecValid = pBuilder->nRecValid;
................................................................................
        pNew->nOut -= nIn;
      }else{
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
        tRowcnt nOut = 0;
        if( nInMul==0 
         && pProbe->nSample 
         && pNew->u.btree.nEq<=pProbe->nSampleCol

         && ((eOp & WO_IN)==0 || !ExprHasProperty(pTerm->pExpr, EP_xIsSelect))
        ){
          Expr *pExpr = pTerm->pExpr;
          if( (eOp & (WO_EQ|WO_ISNULL))!=0 ){
            testcase( eOp & WO_EQ );
            testcase( eOp & WO_ISNULL );
            rc = whereEqualScanEst(pParse, pBuilder, pExpr->pRight, &nOut);
................................................................................
    pNew->nOut = saved_nOut;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
    pBuilder->nRecValid = nRecValid;
#endif
  }
  pNew->prereq = saved_prereq;
  pNew->u.btree.nEq = saved_nEq;
  pNew->nSkip = saved_nSkip;
  pNew->wsFlags = saved_wsFlags;
  pNew->nOut = saved_nOut;
  pNew->nLTerm = saved_nLTerm;

  /* Consider using a skip-scan if there are no WHERE clause constraints
  ** available for the left-most terms of the index, and if the average
  ** number of repeats in the left-most terms is at least 18. 
  **
  ** The magic number 18 is selected on the basis that scanning 17 rows
  ** is almost always quicker than an index seek (even though if the index
  ** contains fewer than 2^17 rows we assume otherwise in other parts of
  ** the code). And, even if it is not, it should not be too much slower. 
  ** On the other hand, the extra seeks could end up being significantly
  ** more expensive.  */
  assert( 42==sqlite3LogEst(18) );
  if( saved_nEq==saved_nSkip
   && saved_nEq+1<pProbe->nKeyCol
   && pProbe->noSkipScan==0
   && pProbe->aiRowLogEst[saved_nEq+1]>=42  /* TUNING: Minimum for skip-scan */
   && (rc = whereLoopResize(db, pNew, pNew->nLTerm+1))==SQLITE_OK
  ){
    LogEst nIter;
    pNew->u.btree.nEq++;
    pNew->nSkip++;
    pNew->aLTerm[pNew->nLTerm++] = 0;
    pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_SKIPSCAN;
    nIter = pProbe->aiRowLogEst[saved_nEq] - pProbe->aiRowLogEst[saved_nEq+1];
    pNew->nOut -= nIter;
    /* TUNING:  Because uncertainties in the estimates for skip-scan queries,
    ** add a 1.375 fudge factor to make skip-scan slightly less likely. */
    nIter += 5;
    whereLoopAddBtreeIndex(pBuilder, pSrc, pProbe, nIter + nInMul);
    pNew->nOut = saved_nOut;
    pNew->u.btree.nEq = saved_nEq;
    pNew->nSkip = saved_nSkip;
    pNew->wsFlags = saved_wsFlags;
  }

  return rc;
}

/*
** Return True if it is possible that pIndex might be useful in
** implementing the ORDER BY clause in pBuilder.
**
................................................................................
    /* Generate auto-index WhereLoops */
    WhereTerm *pTerm;
    WhereTerm *pWCEnd = pWC->a + pWC->nTerm;
    for(pTerm=pWC->a; rc==SQLITE_OK && pTerm<pWCEnd; pTerm++){
      if( pTerm->prereqRight & pNew->maskSelf ) continue;
      if( termCanDriveIndex(pTerm, pSrc, 0) ){
        pNew->u.btree.nEq = 1;
        pNew->nSkip = 0;
        pNew->u.btree.pIndex = 0;
        pNew->nLTerm = 1;
        pNew->aLTerm[0] = pTerm;
        /* TUNING: One-time cost for computing the automatic index is
        ** estimated to be X*N*log2(N) where N is the number of rows in
        ** the table being indexed and where X is 7 (LogEst=28) for normal
        ** tables or 1.375 (LogEst=4) for views and subqueries.  The value
................................................................................
    if( pProbe->pPartIdxWhere!=0
     && !whereUsablePartialIndex(pSrc->iCursor, pWC, pProbe->pPartIdxWhere) ){
      testcase( pNew->iTab!=pSrc->iCursor );  /* See ticket [98d973b8f5] */
      continue;  /* Partial index inappropriate for this query */
    }
    rSize = pProbe->aiRowLogEst[0];
    pNew->u.btree.nEq = 0;
    pNew->nSkip = 0;
    pNew->nLTerm = 0;
    pNew->iSortIdx = 0;
    pNew->rSetup = 0;
    pNew->prereq = mExtra;
    pNew->nOut = rSize;
    pNew->u.btree.pIndex = pProbe;
    b = indexMightHelpWithOrderBy(pBuilder, pProbe, pSrc->iCursor);
................................................................................
      rev = revSet = 0;
      distinctColumns = 0;
      for(j=0; j<nColumn; j++){
        u8 bOnce;   /* True to run the ORDER BY search loop */

        /* Skip over == and IS NULL terms */
        if( j<pLoop->u.btree.nEq
         && pLoop->nSkip==0
         && ((i = pLoop->aLTerm[j]->eOperator) & (WO_EQ|WO_ISNULL))!=0
        ){
          if( i & WO_ISNULL ){
            testcase( isOrderDistinct );
            isOrderDistinct = 0;
          }
          continue;  
................................................................................
            }
          }
        }
      }
    }

#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED  /* >=2 */
    if( sqlite3WhereTrace & 0x02 ){
      sqlite3DebugPrintf("---- after round %d ----\n", iLoop);
      for(ii=0, pTo=aTo; ii<nTo; ii++, pTo++){
        sqlite3DebugPrintf(" %s cost=%-3d nrow=%-3d order=%c",
           wherePathName(pTo, iLoop+1, 0), pTo->rCost, pTo->nRow,
           pTo->isOrdered>=0 ? (pTo->isOrdered+'0') : '?');
        if( pTo->isOrdered>0 ){
          sqlite3DebugPrintf(" rev=0x%llx\n", pTo->revLoop);
................................................................................
  pTab = pItem->pTab;
  if( IsVirtual(pTab) ) return 0;
  if( pItem->zIndex ) return 0;
  iCur = pItem->iCursor;
  pWC = &pWInfo->sWC;
  pLoop = pBuilder->pNew;
  pLoop->wsFlags = 0;
  pLoop->nSkip = 0;
  pTerm = findTerm(pWC, iCur, -1, 0, WO_EQ, 0);
  if( pTerm ){
    pLoop->wsFlags = WHERE_COLUMN_EQ|WHERE_IPK|WHERE_ONEROW;
    pLoop->aLTerm[0] = pTerm;
    pLoop->nLTerm = 1;
    pLoop->u.btree.nEq = 1;
    /* TUNING: Cost of a rowid lookup is 10 */
    pLoop->rRun = 33;  /* 33==sqlite3LogEst(10) */
  }else{
    for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
      assert( pLoop->aLTermSpace==pLoop->aLTerm );

      if( !IsUniqueIndex(pIdx)
       || pIdx->pPartIdxWhere!=0 
       || pIdx->nKeyCol>ArraySize(pLoop->aLTermSpace) 
      ) continue;
      for(j=0; j<pIdx->nKeyCol; j++){
        pTerm = findTerm(pWC, iCur, pIdx->aiColumn[j], 0, WO_EQ, pIdx);
        if( pTerm==0 ) break;
................................................................................

  /* Generate the code to do the search.  Each iteration of the for
  ** loop below generates code for a single nested loop of the VM
  ** program.
  */
  notReady = ~(Bitmask)0;
  for(ii=0; ii<nTabList; ii++){
    int addrExplain;
    int wsFlags;
    pLevel = &pWInfo->a[ii];
    wsFlags = pLevel->pWLoop->wsFlags;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOMATIC_INDEX
    if( (pLevel->pWLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_AUTO_INDEX)!=0 ){
      constructAutomaticIndex(pParse, &pWInfo->sWC,
                &pTabList->a[pLevel->iFrom], notReady, pLevel);
      if( db->mallocFailed ) goto whereBeginError;
    }
#endif
    addrExplain = explainOneScan(
        pParse, pTabList, pLevel, ii, pLevel->iFrom, wctrlFlags
    );
    pLevel->addrBody = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
    notReady = codeOneLoopStart(pWInfo, ii, notReady);
    pWInfo->iContinue = pLevel->addrCont;
    if( (wsFlags&WHERE_MULTI_OR)==0 && (wctrlFlags&WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY)==0 ){
      addScanStatus(v, pTabList, pLevel, addrExplain);
    }
  }

  /* Done. */
  VdbeModuleComment((v, "Begin WHERE-core"));
  return pWInfo;

  /* Jump here if malloc fails */
................................................................................
      case 112: /* select ::= with selectnowith */
{
  Select *p = yymsp[0].minor.yy3, *pNext, *pLoop;
  if( p ){
    int cnt = 0, mxSelect;
    p->pWith = yymsp[-1].minor.yy59;
    if( p->pPrior ){
      u16 allValues = SF_Values;
      pNext = 0;
      for(pLoop=p; pLoop; pNext=pLoop, pLoop=pLoop->pPrior, cnt++){
        pLoop->pNext = pNext;
        pLoop->selFlags |= SF_Compound;
        allValues &= pLoop->selFlags;
      }
      if( allValues ){
        p->selFlags |= SF_AllValues;
      }else if(
        (mxSelect = pParse->db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT])>0
        && cnt>mxSelect
      ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "too many terms in compound SELECT");
      }
    }
  }else{
    sqlite3WithDelete(pParse->db, yymsp[-1].minor.yy59);
  }
  yygotominor.yy3 = p;
................................................................................
  int tokenType;                  /* type of the next token */
  int lastTokenParsed = -1;       /* type of the previous token */
  u8 enableLookaside;             /* Saved value of db->lookaside.bEnabled */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;       /* The database connection */
  int mxSqlLen;                   /* Max length of an SQL string */


#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( zSql==0 || pzErrMsg==0 ) return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
#endif
  mxSqlLen = db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_SQL_LENGTH];
  if( db->nVdbeActive==0 ){
    db->u1.isInterrupted = 0;
  }
  pParse->rc = SQLITE_OK;
  pParse->zTail = zSql;
  i = 0;
................................................................................
                     /* Token:           */
     /* State:       **  SEMI  WS  OTHER */
     /* 0 INVALID: */ {    1,  0,     2, },
     /* 1   START: */ {    1,  1,     2, },
     /* 2  NORMAL: */ {    1,  2,     2, },
  };
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( zSql==0 ){
    (void)SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
    return 0;
  }
#endif

  while( *zSql ){
    switch( *zSql ){
      case ';': {  /* A semicolon */
        token = tkSEMI;
        break;
      }
................................................................................
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE) && defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_IOTRACE)
/*
** If the following function pointer is not NULL and if
** SQLITE_ENABLE_IOTRACE is enabled, then messages describing
** I/O active are written using this function.  These messages
** are intended for debugging activity only.
*/
/* not-private */ void (*sqlite3IoTrace)(const char*, ...) = 0;
#endif

/*
** If the following global variable points to a string which is the
** name of a directory, then that directory will be used to store
** temporary files.
**
................................................................................
** there are outstanding database connections or memory allocations or
** while any part of SQLite is otherwise in use in any thread.  This
** routine is not threadsafe.  But it is safe to invoke this routine
** on when SQLite is already shut down.  If SQLite is already shut down
** when this routine is invoked, then this routine is a harmless no-op.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_shutdown(void){
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_WSD
  int rc = sqlite3_wsd_init(4096, 24);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    return rc;
  }
#endif

  if( sqlite3GlobalConfig.isInit ){
#ifdef SQLITE_EXTRA_SHUTDOWN
    void SQLITE_EXTRA_SHUTDOWN(void);
    SQLITE_EXTRA_SHUTDOWN();
#endif
    sqlite3_os_end();
    sqlite3_reset_auto_extension();
................................................................................
  ** the SQLite library is in use. */
  if( sqlite3GlobalConfig.isInit ) return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;

  va_start(ap, op);
  switch( op ){

    /* Mutex configuration options are only available in a threadsafe
    ** compile.
    */
#if defined(SQLITE_THREADSAFE) && SQLITE_THREADSAFE>0  /* IMP: R-54466-46756 */
    case SQLITE_CONFIG_SINGLETHREAD: {
      /* Disable all mutexing */
      sqlite3GlobalConfig.bCoreMutex = 0;
      sqlite3GlobalConfig.bFullMutex = 0;
      break;
    }
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_THREADSAFE) && SQLITE_THREADSAFE>0 /* IMP: R-20520-54086 */
    case SQLITE_CONFIG_MULTITHREAD: {
      /* Disable mutexing of database connections */
      /* Enable mutexing of core data structures */
      sqlite3GlobalConfig.bCoreMutex = 1;
      sqlite3GlobalConfig.bFullMutex = 0;
      break;
    }
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_THREADSAFE) && SQLITE_THREADSAFE>0 /* IMP: R-59593-21810 */
    case SQLITE_CONFIG_SERIALIZED: {
      /* Enable all mutexing */
      sqlite3GlobalConfig.bCoreMutex = 1;
      sqlite3GlobalConfig.bFullMutex = 1;
      break;
    }
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_THREADSAFE) && SQLITE_THREADSAFE>0 /* IMP: R-63666-48755 */
    case SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX: {
      /* Specify an alternative mutex implementation */
      sqlite3GlobalConfig.mutex = *va_arg(ap, sqlite3_mutex_methods*);
      break;
    }
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_THREADSAFE) && SQLITE_THREADSAFE>0 /* IMP: R-14450-37597 */
    case SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMUTEX: {
      /* Retrieve the current mutex implementation */
      *va_arg(ap, sqlite3_mutex_methods*) = sqlite3GlobalConfig.mutex;
      break;
    }
#endif


    case SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC: {
      /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-55594-21030 The SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC option takes a
      ** single argument which is a pointer to an instance of the
      ** sqlite3_mem_methods structure. The argument specifies alternative
      ** low-level memory allocation routines to be used in place of the memory
      ** allocation routines built into SQLite. */
      sqlite3GlobalConfig.m = *va_arg(ap, sqlite3_mem_methods