System.Data.SQLite
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Overview
Comment:Update SQLite core library to the latest trunk code.
Downloads: Tarball | ZIP archive | SQL archive
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | trunk
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA1: a92cbefdadf8cd10acd8843f1bc4c7fcfbb00947
User & Date: mistachkin 2015-06-26 03:13:46
Context
2015-07-02
01:44
Update SQLite core library to the latest 3.8.11 alpha. check-in: 9d53109ce0 user: mistachkin tags: trunk
2015-06-26
03:13
Update SQLite core library to the latest trunk code. check-in: a92cbefdad user: mistachkin tags: trunk
2015-06-24
22:43
Make sure that manually calling the Cancel method still causes an Interrupt exception to be thrown. Update master release archive manifest. check-in: dae0c2e6fc user: mistachkin tags: trunk
Changes
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Changes to SQLite.Interop/src/core/sqlite3.c.

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60016
60017
60018
60019
60020
60021
60022
60023
60024
60025
60026
60027
60028
60029
60030
60031
60032
60033
60034
60035
60036
60037
60038
60039
60040









60041
60042




60043



60044



60045









60046












60047

60048
60049
60050
60051
60052
60053
60054
60055
60056
60057
60058
60059
.....
60066
60067
60068
60069
60070
60071
60072


60073
60074

60075
60076
60077



60078
60079
60080
60081
60082
60083



60084
60085




60086
60087
60088
60089
60090
60091
60092
.....
60114
60115
60116
60117
60118
60119
60120
60121
60122
60123
60124
60125
60126
60127
60128
.....
60219
60220
60221
60222
60223
60224
60225
60226
60227
60228
60229
60230
60231
60232
60233
60234
.....
60245
60246
60247
60248
60249
60250
60251
60252
60253
60254

60255
60256
60257
60258
60259
60260
60261
60262
60263
60264
60265
60266
60267

60268
60269
60270
60271
60272
60273
60274
60275
60276
60277
60278
60279
60280
60281
60282
60283
60284
60285
60286
60287
60288
.....
60291
60292
60293
60294
60295
60296
60297
60298
60299
60300
60301
60302
60303
60304
60305
60306
60307
.....
60349
60350
60351
60352
60353
60354
60355
60356
60357
60358
60359
60360
60361

60362
60363
60364
60365
60366
60367
60368
.....
60405
60406
60407
60408
60409
60410
60411
60412
60413
60414
60415
60416
60417
60418
60419
.....
60428
60429
60430
60431
60432
60433
60434
60435
60436
60437
60438
60439
60440
60441
60442
.....
60738
60739
60740
60741
60742
60743
60744
60745
60746
60747
60748
60749
60750
60751
60752
.....
60880
60881
60882
60883
60884
60885
60886
60887
60888
60889
60890
60891
60892
60893
60894
.....
61774
61775
61776
61777
61778
61779
61780
61781
61782
61783
61784
61785
61786
61787
61788
.....
61892
61893
61894
61895
61896
61897
61898
61899
61900
61901
61902
61903
61904
61905
61906
.....
62290
62291
62292
62293
62294
62295
62296

62297
62298
62299
62300
62301
62302
62303
.....
63737
63738
63739
63740
63741
63742
63743
63744
63745
63746
63747
63748
63749
63750
63751
.....
63926
63927
63928
63929
63930
63931
63932





63933
63934
63935
63936
63937
63938
63939
63940
63941
63942
63943
.....
64095
64096
64097
64098
64099
64100
64101


























64102
64103
64104
64105
64106
64107
64108
.....
64124
64125
64126
64127
64128
64129
64130
64131
64132
64133
64134
64135
64136
64137
64138
64139
64140
64141
64142
64143
64144
64145
64146
64147
64148
64149
64150
64151
64152
64153
.....
64460
64461
64462
64463
64464
64465
64466
64467
64468
64469
64470
64471
64472
64473
64474
.....
64827
64828
64829
64830
64831
64832
64833
64834
64835

64836



64837
64838




64839
64840
64841
64842
64843
64844
64845
64846

64847
64848
64849
64850
64851
64852
64853
.....
65076
65077
65078
65079
65080
65081
65082

















65083
65084
65085
65086
65087
65088
65089
.....
65241
65242
65243
65244
65245
65246
65247

65248
65249
65250
65251
65252
65253
65254
65255
65256
65257
65258


65259
65260
65261
65262
65263
65264
65265
.....
65266
65267
65268
65269
65270
65271
65272


65273
65274
65275
65276
65277
65278
65279
65280
65281
65282
65283
65284
65285
65286

65287
65288
65289
65290
65291
65292
65293
.....
66062
66063
66064
66065
66066
66067
66068
66069
66070
66071
66072
66073
66074
66075
66076
66077
66078
66079
66080
66081
66082




66083
66084
66085
66086
66087
66088
66089
.....
71120
71121
71122
71123
71124
71125
71126
71127
71128
71129
71130
71131
71132
71133
71134
.....
71521
71522
71523
71524
71525
71526
71527

71528
71529
71530
71531
71532
71533
71534
71535
71536
71537
71538
71539
71540
71541
.....
72719
72720
72721
72722
72723
72724
72725
72726
72727
72728
72729
72730
72731
72732
72733
72734
72735
.....
73532
73533
73534
73535
73536
73537
73538
73539
73540
73541
73542
73543
73544
73545
73546
.....
74449
74450
74451
74452
74453
74454
74455




















74456
74457
74458
74459
74460
74461
74462
.....
82719
82720
82721
82722
82723
82724
82725







82726
82727
82728
82729
82730
82731
82732
.....
83087
83088
83089
83090
83091
83092
83093
83094
83095
83096
83097
83098
83099
83100
83101
83102
83103
83104
83105
83106
83107
.....
83117
83118
83119
83120
83121
83122
83123
83124
83125
83126
83127
83128
83129
83130
83131
83132
83133
83134
83135
83136
83137
83138
83139
83140
83141
83142
83143
83144
83145
.....
83937
83938
83939
83940
83941
83942
83943
83944
83945
83946
83947
83948
83949
83950
83951
.....
84164
84165
84166
84167
84168
84169
84170
84171
84172
84173
84174
84175
84176
84177
84178
.....
84272
84273
84274
84275
84276
84277
84278
84279
84280
84281
84282
84283
84284
84285
84286
.....
84378
84379
84380
84381
84382
84383
84384
84385
84386
84387
84388
84389
84390
84391
84392
.....
84829
84830
84831
84832
84833
84834
84835
84836
84837
84838
84839
84840
84841
84842
84843
.....
85104
85105
85106
85107
85108
85109
85110
85111
85112
85113
85114
85115
85116
85117
85118
85119
85120
85121
85122
85123
85124
85125
85126
85127
85128
85129
85130
85131
85132
85133
85134
85135
85136
85137
85138
85139
85140
85141
85142
85143
85144
85145
85146
.....
85158
85159
85160
85161
85162
85163
85164
85165
85166
85167
85168
85169
85170
85171
85172
85173
85174
85175
.....
85766
85767
85768
85769
85770
85771
85772
85773
85774
85775
85776
85777
85778
85779
85780
.....
86207
86208
86209
86210
86211
86212
86213
86214
86215
86216
86217
86218
86219
86220
86221
86222
86223
86224
86225
86226
86227
86228
86229
86230
86231
86232
86233
86234
86235
86236
86237
86238
86239
86240
86241
86242
86243
86244
86245
86246
86247
86248
86249
86250
86251
86252
86253
86254
86255
86256
86257
86258
86259
86260
86261
86262
86263
86264
86265
86266
86267
86268
86269
86270
86271
86272
86273
86274
86275
86276
86277
86278
86279
86280
86281
86282
86283
86284
86285
86286
86287
86288
86289
86290
86291
86292
86293
86294
86295
86296
86297
86298
86299
86300
86301
86302
86303
86304
86305
86306
86307
86308
86309
86310
86311
86312
86313
86314
86315
86316
86317
86318
86319
86320
86321
86322
86323
86324
86325
86326
86327
86328
86329
86330
86331
86332
86333
86334
86335
86336
86337
86338
86339
86340
86341
86342
86343
86344
86345
86346
86347
86348
86349
86350
86351
86352
86353
86354
86355
86356
86357
86358
86359
86360
86361
86362
86363
86364
86365
86366
86367
86368
86369
86370
86371
86372
86373
86374
86375
86376
86377
86378
86379
86380
86381
86382
86383
86384
86385
86386
86387
86388
86389
86390
86391
86392
86393
86394
86395
86396
86397
86398
86399
86400
86401
86402
86403
86404
86405
86406
86407
86408
86409
86410
86411
86412
86413
86414
86415
86416
86417
86418
86419
86420
86421
86422
86423
86424
86425
86426
86427
86428
86429
86430
86431
86432
86433
86434
86435
86436
86437
86438
86439
86440
86441
86442
86443
86444
86445
86446
86447
86448
86449
86450
86451
86452
86453
86454
86455
86456
86457
86458
86459
86460
86461
86462
86463
86464
86465
86466
86467
86468
86469
86470
86471
86472
86473
86474
86475
86476
86477
86478
86479
86480
86481
86482
.....
86859
86860
86861
86862
86863
86864
86865















86866
86867
86868
86869
86870
86871
86872
.....
88012
88013
88014
88015
88016
88017
88018
88019
88020
88021
88022
88023
88024
88025
88026
.....
91872
91873
91874
91875
91876
91877
91878
91879
91880
91881
91882
91883
91884
91885
91886
.....
91988
91989
91990
91991
91992
91993
91994
91995
91996
91997
91998
91999
92000
92001
92002
92003
92004
92005
.....
92026
92027
92028
92029
92030
92031
92032
92033
92034
92035
92036
92037
92038
92039
92040
.....
92052
92053
92054
92055
92056
92057
92058
92059
92060
92061
92062
92063
92064
92065
92066
.....
92444
92445
92446
92447
92448
92449
92450
92451
92452
92453
92454
92455
92456
92457
92458
92459
92460
92461
92462
92463
92464
92465
92466
92467
92468
92469
92470
92471
92472
92473
92474
92475
92476
92477
92478
92479
92480
92481
.....
92820
92821
92822
92823
92824
92825
92826

92827
92828
92829
92830
92831
92832
92833
.....
94597
94598
94599
94600
94601
94602
94603
94604
94605
94606
94607
94608
94609
94610
94611
.....
94670
94671
94672
94673
94674
94675
94676
94677
94678
94679
94680
94681
94682
94683
94684
94685
94686
94687
94688
94689
94690
.....
96500
96501
96502
96503
96504
96505
96506
96507
96508
96509
96510
96511
96512
96513
96514
96515
.....
97117
97118
97119
97120
97121
97122
97123
97124
97125
97126
97127
97128
97129
97130
97131
97132
97133
97134

97135
97136
97137
97138
97139
97140
97141
.....
97169
97170
97171
97172
97173
97174
97175
97176
97177
97178
97179
97180
97181
97182
97183
.....
97193
97194
97195
97196
97197
97198
97199
97200
97201
97202
97203
97204
97205
97206
97207
97208
97209
97210
97211
97212
97213
.....
97244
97245
97246
97247
97248
97249
97250
97251
97252
97253
97254
97255
97256
97257
97258
.....
97290
97291
97292
97293
97294
97295
97296
97297
97298
97299
97300
97301
97302
97303
97304
.....
99804
99805
99806
99807
99808
99809
99810
99811
99812
99813
99814
99815
99816
99817
99818
.....
99847
99848
99849
99850
99851
99852
99853
99854
99855
99856
99857
99858
99859
99860
99861
99862
99863
99864
99865
99866
99867
99868
99869
99870
99871
99872
99873
.....
99881
99882
99883
99884
99885
99886
99887
99888
99889
99890
99891
99892
99893
99894
99895
......
101129
101130
101131
101132
101133
101134
101135
101136
101137
101138
101139
101140
101141
101142
101143
101144
......
102240
102241
102242
102243
102244
102245
102246

102247
102248
102249
102250
102251
102252
102253
102254
......
102880
102881
102882
102883
102884
102885
102886
102887



102888
102889
102890
102891
102892
102893
102894
......
106615
106616
106617
106618
106619
106620
106621
106622

106623
106624
106625
106626
106627
106628
106629
......
106959
106960
106961
106962
106963
106964
106965






106966
106967
106968
106969
106970
106971
106972
......
107368
107369
107370
107371
107372
107373
107374
107375

107376
107377
107378
107379
107380
107381
107382
......
107421
107422
107423
107424
107425
107426
107427
107428

107429
107430
107431
107432
107433
107434
107435
......
107904
107905
107906
107907
107908
107909
107910



107911
107912
107913

107914
107915
107916

107917
107918




107919
107920
107921
107922
107923
107924
107925
107926
107927
107928
107929
107930
107931
107932
107933
107934
107935
107936
107937
107938
107939
......
107978
107979
107980
107981
107982
107983
107984
107985
107986
107987
107988



107989
107990
107991
107992
107993
107994
107995
......
108299
108300
108301
108302
108303
108304
108305

108306
108307
108308
108309
108310
108311
108312
108313
108314
108315
108316
108317
......
108459
108460
108461
108462
108463
108464
108465



108466
108467
108468
108469
108470
108471
108472
108473
......
108678
108679
108680
108681
108682
108683
108684
108685
108686
108687
108688
108689
108690
108691
108692
......
108704
108705
108706
108707
108708
108709
108710
108711
108712
108713
108714
108715
108716
108717
108718
108719
108720
108721
108722
108723
108724
108725
108726
108727
108728
108729
108730
......
108825
108826
108827
108828
108829
108830
108831
108832
108833
108834
108835
108836
108837
108838
108839
108840
108841
108842
108843
......
109448
109449
109450
109451
109452
109453
109454
109455
109456
109457
109458
109459
109460
109461
109462
109463
109464
......
109809
109810
109811
109812
109813
109814
109815
109816
109817
109818
109819
109820
109821
109822
109823
109824
......
110020
110021
110022
110023
110024
110025
110026

110027
110028
110029
110030
110031
110032
110033
110034
110035
110036
110037
......
110303
110304
110305
110306
110307
110308
110309
110310
110311
110312
110313
110314
110315



































































110316
110317
110318
110319
110320
110321
110322
......
110395
110396
110397
110398
110399
110400
110401
110402
110403
110404
110405
110406
110407
110408
110409
110410
110411
110412
110413
110414
110415
110416
110417
110418
......
111341
111342
111343
111344
111345
111346
111347
111348
111349
111350
111351

111352
111353
111354
111355
111356
111357
111358
111359
111360
111361
111362
111363
111364
111365
111366
111367
111368
111369
111370
111371
111372
111373
111374
111375













































111376
111377
111378
111379
111380
111381
111382
111383
111384
111385
111386
111387
111388
111389
111390
111391
......
111402
111403
111404
111405
111406
111407
111408
111409
111410
111411
111412
111413
111414





111415
111416





111417
111418
111419
111420
111421
111422
111423
111424
111425
111426
......
111463
111464
111465
111466
111467
111468
111469
111470
111471
111472
111473
111474
111475
111476
111477

111478


111479
111480
111481
111482
111483
111484
111485
111486
111487
111488
111489
111490
111491
111492
111493
111494
111495
111496



111497
111498
111499
111500
111501
111502
111503
......
111509
111510
111511
111512
111513
111514
111515
111516
111517
111518
111519
111520
111521
111522
111523
111524
111525
111526
111527
111528
111529
111530
111531
111532

111533
111534
111535
111536
111537
111538
111539
......
111556
111557
111558
111559
111560
111561
111562
111563
111564
111565
111566
111567
111568
111569
111570
111571
111572
111573
111574
111575
111576
111577
......
111641
111642
111643
111644
111645
111646
111647
111648
111649
111650
111651
111652
111653
111654
111655
111656
111657
111658
111659
......
111823
111824
111825
111826
111827
111828
111829
111830

111831
111832
111833
111834
111835
111836
111837
......
111895
111896
111897
111898
111899
111900
111901
111902

111903
111904
111905
111906
111907
111908
111909
......
112059
112060
112061
112062
112063
112064
112065

112066
112067
112068
112069
112070
112071
112072
112073
......
112092
112093
112094
112095
112096
112097
112098
112099
112100
112101
112102
112103
112104
112105
112106
112107
112108
112109
112110
112111
112112
112113
112114
112115
112116
112117
112118
112119
112120
112121
112122
112123
112124
112125
112126
112127
112128
112129
112130
112131
112132
112133
112134
112135
112136
112137
112138
112139
112140
112141
112142
112143
112144
112145
112146
112147
112148
112149
112150
112151
112152
112153
112154
112155
112156
112157
112158
112159
112160
112161
112162
112163
112164
112165
112166
112167
112168
112169
112170
112171
112172
112173
112174
112175
112176
112177
112178
112179
112180
112181
112182
112183
112184
112185
112186
112187
112188
112189
112190
112191
112192
112193
112194
112195
112196
112197
112198
112199
......
115810
115811
115812
115813
115814
115815
115816
115817
115818
115819
115820
115821
115822
115823
115824
115825
115826
115827
115828
115829
115830
115831
115832
115833
115834

115835
115836
115837
115838
115839
115840
115841
115842
115843
......
115852
115853
115854
115855
115856
115857
115858
115859
115860
115861
115862
115863
115864
115865
115866
......
115994
115995
115996
115997
115998
115999
116000
116001
116002
116003
116004
116005
116006
116007
116008
116009
116010
116011
......
116205
116206
116207
116208
116209
116210
116211





116212
116213
116214
116215
116216
116217
116218
......
116255
116256
116257
116258
116259
116260
116261
























































116262
116263
116264
116265
116266
116267
116268
......
116305
116306
116307
116308
116309
116310
116311
116312
116313
116314
116315
116316
116317
116318
116319
116320
116321
116322
116323
116324
116325
116326
116327
116328
116329
116330
116331
116332
116333
116334
116335
116336
116337
116338
116339
116340
116341
116342
116343
116344
116345
116346
116347
116348
116349
116350
116351
116352
116353
116354
116355
116356
116357
116358
116359
116360
116361
116362
116363
116364
116365
116366
116367
116368
116369
116370
116371
116372
116373
116374
116375
116376
116377
116378
116379
116380
116381
116382
116383
116384
116385
116386
116387
116388
116389
116390
116391
116392
116393
116394
116395
116396
116397
116398
116399
116400
116401
116402
116403
116404
116405
116406
116407
116408
116409
116410
116411
116412
116413
116414
116415
116416
116417
116418
116419
116420
116421
116422
116423
116424
116425
116426
116427
116428
116429
116430
116431
116432
116433
116434
116435
116436
116437
116438
116439
116440
116441
116442
116443



































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































116444
116445
116446
116447
116448
116449
116450
116451
116452
116453
116454
116455
116456
116457
116458
116459
116460
116461
116462
116463
116464
116465
116466
116467
116468
116469
116470
116471
116472
116473
116474
116475
116476
116477
116478
116479
116480
116481
116482
116483
116484
......
116525
116526
116527
116528
116529
116530
116531
116532
116533
116534
116535
116536
116537
116538
116539
116540
116541
116542
116543
116544
116545
116546
116547
116548
116549
116550
116551
116552
116553
116554
116555
116556
116557
116558
116559
116560
116561
116562
116563
116564
116565
116566
116567
116568
116569
116570
116571
116572
116573
116574
116575
116576
116577
116578
116579
116580
116581
116582
116583
116584
116585
116586
116587
116588
116589
116590
116591
116592
116593
116594
116595
116596
116597
116598
116599
116600
116601
116602
116603
116604
116605
116606
116607
116608
116609
116610
116611
116612
116613
116614
116615
116616
116617
116618
116619
116620
116621
116622
116623
116624
116625
116626
116627
116628
116629
116630
116631
116632
116633
116634
116635
116636
116637
116638
116639
116640
116641
116642
116643
116644
116645
116646
116647
116648
116649
116650
116651
116652
116653
116654
......
116721
116722
116723
116724
116725
116726
116727
116728
116729
116730
116731
116732
116733
116734
116735
116736
116737
116738
116739
116740
116741
116742
116743
116744
116745
116746
116747
116748
116749
116750
116751
116752
116753
116754
116755
116756
116757
116758
116759
116760
116761
116762
116763
116764
116765
116766
116767
116768
116769
116770
116771
116772
116773
116774
116775
116776
116777
116778
116779
116780
116781
116782
116783
116784
116785
116786
116787
116788
116789
116790
116791
116792
116793
116794
116795
116796
116797
116798
116799
116800
116801
116802
116803
116804
116805
116806
116807
116808
116809
116810
116811
116812
116813
116814
116815
116816
116817
116818
116819
116820
116821
116822
116823
116824
116825
116826
116827
116828
116829
116830
116831
116832
116833
116834
116835
116836
116837
116838
116839
116840
116841
116842
116843
116844
116845
116846
116847
116848
116849
116850
116851
116852
116853
116854
116855
116856
116857
116858
116859
116860
116861
116862
116863
116864
116865
116866
116867
116868
116869
116870
116871
116872
116873
116874
116875
116876
116877
116878
116879
116880
116881
116882
116883
116884
116885
116886
116887
116888
116889
116890
116891
116892
116893
116894
116895
116896
116897
116898
116899
116900
116901
116902
116903
116904
116905
116906
116907
116908
116909
116910
116911
116912
116913
116914
116915
116916
116917
116918
116919
116920
116921
116922
116923
116924
116925
116926
116927
......
116968
116969
116970
116971
116972
116973
116974
116975
116976
116977
116978
116979
116980
116981
116982
......
117179
117180
117181
117182
117183
117184
117185
117186
117187
117188
117189
117190
117191
117192
117193
......
117208
117209
117210
117211
117212
117213
117214
117215
117216
117217
117218
117219
117220
117221
117222
117223
117224
117225
117226
117227
117228
117229
117230
117231
117232
117233
117234
117235
117236
117237
......
117254
117255
117256
117257
117258
117259
117260
117261
117262
117263
117264
117265
117266
117267
117268
117269
117270
117271
117272
117273
117274
117275
......
117280
117281
117282
117283
117284
117285
117286
117287
117288
117289
117290
117291
117292
117293
117294
117295
117296
117297
117298
117299
117300
117301
117302
117303
117304
117305
117306
117307
117308
117309
117310
117311
117312
117313
117314
117315
117316
117317
......
117379
117380
117381
117382
117383
117384
117385

117386
117387
117388
117389
117390
117391
117392
117393
......
117398
117399
117400
117401
117402
117403
117404
117405
117406
117407
117408
117409
117410
117411
117412
......
117476
117477
117478
117479
117480
117481
117482
117483
117484
117485
117486
117487
117488
117489
117490
......
117509
117510
117511
117512
117513
117514
117515


























117516
117517
117518
117519
117520
117521
117522
......
117554
117555
117556
117557
117558
117559
117560
117561
117562
117563
117564
117565
117566
117567
117568
117569
117570
117571
117572
117573
117574
117575
117576
117577
117578
117579
117580
117581
117582
117583
117584
......
117775
117776
117777
117778
117779
117780
117781
117782
117783
117784
117785
117786
117787
117788
117789
117790
......
117839
117840
117841
117842
117843
117844
117845



















































































































































































































































































































































































































































































117846
117847
117848
117849
117850
117851
117852
......
117877
117878
117879
117880
117881
117882
117883
117884
117885
117886
117887
117888
117889
117890
117891
117892
......
117924
117925
117926
117927
117928
117929
117930
117931
117932
117933
117934
117935
117936
117937
117938
......
118255
118256
118257
118258
118259
118260
118261

118262
118263
118264
118265
118266
118267
118268
......
118271
118272
118273
118274
118275
118276
118277

118278
118279
118280
118281
118282
118283
118284
......
118325
118326
118327
118328
118329
118330
118331

118332
118333
118334
118335
118336
118337
118338
......
119046
119047
119048
119049
119050
119051
119052
119053
119054
119055
119056
119057
119058
119059
119060
119061
119062
119063
119064
119065
119066
119067
119068
119069
119070
119071
119072
119073
119074
119075
119076
119077
119078
119079
119080
119081
119082
119083
119084
119085
119086
119087
119088
119089
119090
119091
119092
119093
119094
119095
119096
119097
119098
119099
119100
119101
119102
119103
119104
119105
119106
119107
119108
119109
119110
119111
119112
119113
119114
119115
119116
119117
119118
119119
119120
119121
119122
119123
119124
119125
119126
119127
119128
119129
119130
119131
119132
119133
119134
119135
119136
119137
119138
119139
119140
119141
119142
119143
119144
119145
119146
119147
119148
119149
119150
119151
119152
119153
119154
119155
119156
119157
119158
119159
119160
119161
119162
119163
119164
119165
119166
119167
119168
119169
119170
119171
119172
119173
119174
119175
119176
119177
119178
119179
119180
119181
119182
119183
119184
119185
119186
119187
119188
119189
119190
119191
119192
119193
119194
119195
119196
119197
119198
119199
119200
119201
119202
119203
119204
119205
119206
119207
119208
119209
119210
119211
119212
119213
119214
119215
119216
119217
119218
119219
119220
119221
119222
119223
119224
119225
119226
119227
119228
119229
119230
119231
119232
119233
119234
119235
119236
119237
119238
119239
119240
119241
119242
119243
119244
119245
119246
119247
119248
119249
119250
119251
119252
119253
119254
119255
119256
119257
119258
119259
119260
119261
119262
119263
119264
119265
119266
119267
119268
119269
119270
119271
119272
119273
119274
119275
119276
119277
119278
119279
119280
119281
119282
119283
119284
119285
119286
119287
119288
119289
119290
119291
119292
119293
119294
119295
119296
119297
119298
119299
119300
119301
119302
119303
119304
119305
119306
119307
119308
119309
119310
119311
119312
119313
119314
119315
119316
119317
119318
119319
119320
119321
119322
119323
119324
119325
119326
119327
119328
119329
119330
119331
119332
119333
119334
119335
119336
119337
119338
119339
119340
119341
119342
119343
119344
119345
119346
119347
119348
119349
119350
119351
119352
119353
119354
119355
119356
119357
119358
119359
119360
119361
119362
119363
119364
119365
119366
119367
119368
119369
119370
119371
119372
119373
119374
119375
119376
119377
119378
119379
119380
119381
119382
119383
119384
119385
119386
119387
119388
119389
119390
119391
119392
119393
119394
119395
119396
119397
119398
119399
119400
119401
119402
119403
119404
119405
119406
119407
119408
119409
119410
119411
119412
119413
119414
119415
119416
119417
119418
119419
119420
119421
119422
119423
119424
119425
119426
119427
119428
119429
119430
119431
119432
119433
119434
119435
119436
119437
119438
119439
119440
119441
119442
119443
119444
119445
119446
119447
119448
119449
119450
119451
119452
119453
119454
119455
119456
119457
119458
119459
119460
119461
119462
119463
119464
119465
119466
119467
119468
119469
119470
119471
119472
119473
119474
119475
119476
119477
119478
119479
119480
119481
119482
119483
119484
119485
119486
119487
119488
119489
119490
119491
119492
119493
119494
119495
119496
119497
119498
119499
119500
119501
119502
119503
119504
119505
119506
119507
119508
119509
119510
119511
119512
119513
119514
119515
119516
119517
119518
119519
119520
119521
119522
119523
119524
119525
119526
119527
119528
119529
119530
119531
119532
119533
119534
119535
119536
119537
119538
119539
119540
119541
119542
119543
119544
119545
119546
119547
119548
119549
119550
119551
119552
119553
119554
119555
119556
119557
119558
119559
119560
119561
119562
119563
119564
119565
119566
119567
119568
119569
119570
119571
119572
119573
119574
119575
119576
119577
119578
119579
119580
119581
119582
119583
119584
119585
119586
119587
119588
119589
119590
119591
119592
119593
119594
119595
119596
119597
119598
119599
119600
119601
119602
119603
119604
119605
119606
119607
119608
119609
119610
119611
119612
119613
119614
119615
119616
119617
119618
119619
119620
119621
119622
119623
119624
119625
119626
119627
119628
119629
119630
119631
119632
119633
119634
119635
119636
119637
119638
119639
119640
119641
119642
119643
119644
119645
119646
119647
119648
119649
119650
119651
119652
119653
119654
119655
119656
119657
119658
119659
119660
119661
119662
119663
119664
119665
119666
119667
119668
119669
119670
119671
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......
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120705
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......
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121652
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121656
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......
121669
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......
121707
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......
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121821



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......
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......
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......
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......
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......
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......
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......
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......
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......
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......
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......
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......
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......
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......
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......
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123210















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......
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123250
......
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127401

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......
130280
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130287
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130290
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......
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......
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......
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......
155564
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155576

155577
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155583
** "experimental".  Experimental interfaces are normally new
** features recently added to SQLite.  We do not anticipate changes
** to experimental interfaces but reserve the right to make minor changes
** if experience from use "in the wild" suggest such changes are prudent.
**
** The official C-language API documentation for SQLite is derived
** from comments in this file.  This file is the authoritative source
** on how SQLite interfaces are suppose to operate.
**
** The name of this file under configuration management is "sqlite.h.in".
** The makefile makes some minor changes to this file (such as inserting
** the version number) and changes its name to "sqlite3.h" as
** part of the build process.
*/
#ifndef _SQLITE3_H_
................................................................................
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.8.11"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3008011
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2015-05-30 22:05:17 73fc058b3a74c1b018cff990de793f19a602c12f"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
#define OP_OpenWrite      55 /* synopsis: root=P2 iDb=P3                   */
#define OP_OpenAutoindex  56 /* synopsis: nColumn=P2                       */
#define OP_OpenEphemeral  57 /* synopsis: nColumn=P2                       */
#define OP_SorterOpen     58
#define OP_SequenceTest   59 /* synopsis: if( cursor[P1].ctr++ ) pc = P2   */
#define OP_OpenPseudo     60 /* synopsis: P3 columns in r[P2]              */
#define OP_Close          61

#define OP_SeekLT         62 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_SeekLE         63 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_SeekGE         64 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_SeekGT         65 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_Seek           66 /* synopsis: intkey=r[P2]                     */
#define OP_NoConflict     67 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_NotFound       68 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_Found          69 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_NotExists      70 /* synopsis: intkey=r[P3]                     */
#define OP_Or             71 /* same as TK_OR, synopsis: r[P3]=(r[P1] || r[P2]) */
#define OP_And            72 /* same as TK_AND, synopsis: r[P3]=(r[P1] && r[P2]) */

#define OP_Sequence       73 /* synopsis: r[P2]=cursor[P1].ctr++           */
#define OP_NewRowid       74 /* synopsis: r[P2]=rowid                      */
#define OP_Insert         75 /* synopsis: intkey=r[P3] data=r[P2]          */
#define OP_IsNull         76 /* same as TK_ISNULL, synopsis: if r[P1]==NULL goto P2 */
#define OP_NotNull        77 /* same as TK_NOTNULL, synopsis: if r[P1]!=NULL goto P2 */
#define OP_Ne             78 /* same as TK_NE, synopsis: if r[P1]!=r[P3] goto P2 */
#define OP_Eq             79 /* same as TK_EQ, synopsis: if r[P1]==r[P3] goto P2 */
#define OP_Gt             80 /* same as TK_GT, synopsis: if r[P1]>r[P3] goto P2 */
#define OP_Le             81 /* same as TK_LE, synopsis: if r[P1]<=r[P3] goto P2 */
#define OP_Lt             82 /* same as TK_LT, synopsis: if r[P1]<r[P3] goto P2 */
#define OP_Ge             83 /* same as TK_GE, synopsis: if r[P1]>=r[P3] goto P2 */
#define OP_InsertInt      84 /* synopsis: intkey=P3 data=r[P2]             */
#define OP_BitAnd         85 /* same as TK_BITAND, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P1]&r[P2] */
#define OP_BitOr          86 /* same as TK_BITOR, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P1]|r[P2] */
#define OP_ShiftLeft      87 /* same as TK_LSHIFT, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P2]<<r[P1] */
#define OP_ShiftRight     88 /* same as TK_RSHIFT, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P2]>>r[P1] */
#define OP_Add            89 /* same as TK_PLUS, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P1]+r[P2] */
#define OP_Subtract       90 /* same as TK_MINUS, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P2]-r[P1] */
#define OP_Multiply       91 /* same as TK_STAR, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P1]*r[P2] */
#define OP_Divide         92 /* same as TK_SLASH, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P2]/r[P1] */
#define OP_Remainder      93 /* same as TK_REM, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P2]%r[P1] */
#define OP_Concat         94 /* same as TK_CONCAT, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P2]+r[P1] */
#define OP_Delete         95
#define OP_BitNot         96 /* same as TK_BITNOT, synopsis: r[P1]= ~r[P1] */
#define OP_String8        97 /* same as TK_STRING, synopsis: r[P2]='P4'    */

#define OP_ResetCount     98
#define OP_SorterCompare  99 /* synopsis: if key(P1)!=trim(r[P3],P4) goto P2 */
#define OP_SorterData    100 /* synopsis: r[P2]=data                       */
#define OP_RowKey        101 /* synopsis: r[P2]=key                        */
#define OP_RowData       102 /* synopsis: r[P2]=data                       */
#define OP_Rowid         103 /* synopsis: r[P2]=rowid                      */
#define OP_NullRow       104
#define OP_Last          105
#define OP_SorterSort    106
#define OP_Sort          107
#define OP_Rewind        108
#define OP_SorterInsert  109
#define OP_IdxInsert     110 /* synopsis: key=r[P2]                        */
#define OP_IdxDelete     111 /* synopsis: key=r[P2@P3]                     */
#define OP_IdxRowid      112 /* synopsis: r[P2]=rowid                      */
#define OP_IdxLE         113 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_IdxGT         114 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_IdxLT         115 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_IdxGE         116 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_Destroy       117
#define OP_Clear         118
#define OP_ResetSorter   119
#define OP_CreateIndex   120 /* synopsis: r[P2]=root iDb=P1                */
#define OP_CreateTable   121 /* synopsis: r[P2]=root iDb=P1                */
#define OP_ParseSchema   122
#define OP_LoadAnalysis  123
#define OP_DropTable     124
#define OP_DropIndex     125
#define OP_DropTrigger   126
#define OP_IntegrityCk   127
#define OP_RowSetAdd     128 /* synopsis: rowset(P1)=r[P2]                 */
#define OP_RowSetRead    129 /* synopsis: r[P3]=rowset(P1)                 */
#define OP_RowSetTest    130 /* synopsis: if r[P3] in rowset(P1) goto P2   */
#define OP_Program       131
#define OP_Param         132
#define OP_Real          133 /* same as TK_FLOAT, synopsis: r[P2]=P4       */

#define OP_FkCounter     134 /* synopsis: fkctr[P1]+=P2                    */
#define OP_FkIfZero      135 /* synopsis: if fkctr[P1]==0 goto P2          */
#define OP_MemMax        136 /* synopsis: r[P1]=max(r[P1],r[P2])           */
#define OP_IfPos         137 /* synopsis: if r[P1]>0 goto P2               */
#define OP_IfNeg         138 /* synopsis: r[P1]+=P3, if r[P1]<0 goto P2    */
#define OP_IfNotZero     139 /* synopsis: if r[P1]!=0 then r[P1]+=P3, goto P2 */
#define OP_DecrJumpZero  140 /* synopsis: if (--r[P1])==0 goto P2          */
#define OP_JumpZeroIncr  141 /* synopsis: if (r[P1]++)==0 ) goto P2        */
#define OP_AggFinal      142 /* synopsis: accum=r[P1] N=P2                 */
#define OP_IncrVacuum    143
#define OP_Expire        144
#define OP_TableLock     145 /* synopsis: iDb=P1 root=P2 write=P3          */
#define OP_VBegin        146
#define OP_VCreate       147
#define OP_VDestroy      148
#define OP_VOpen         149
#define OP_VColumn       150 /* synopsis: r[P3]=vcolumn(P2)                */
#define OP_VNext         151
#define OP_VRename       152
#define OP_Pagecount     153
#define OP_MaxPgcnt      154
#define OP_Init          155 /* synopsis: Start at P2                      */
#define OP_Noop          156
#define OP_Explain       157


/* Properties such as "out2" or "jump" that are specified in
** comments following the "case" for each opcode in the vdbe.c
** are encoded into bitvectors as follows:
*/
#define OPFLG_JUMP            0x0001  /* jump:  P2 holds jmp target */
................................................................................
/*   0 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01,\
/*   8 */ 0x01, 0x01, 0x00, 0x00, 0x10, 0x00, 0x01, 0x00,\
/*  16 */ 0x01, 0x01, 0x02, 0x12, 0x01, 0x02, 0x03, 0x08,\
/*  24 */ 0x00, 0x10, 0x10, 0x10, 0x10, 0x00, 0x10, 0x10,\
/*  32 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x10, 0x00, 0x00, 0x02, 0x03, 0x02,\
/*  40 */ 0x02, 0x00, 0x00, 0x01, 0x01, 0x03, 0x03, 0x00,\
/*  48 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x10, 0x10, 0x08, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,\
/*  56 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x09, 0x09,\
/*  64 */ 0x09, 0x09, 0x04, 0x09, 0x09, 0x09, 0x09, 0x26,\
/*  72 */ 0x26, 0x10, 0x10, 0x00, 0x03, 0x03, 0x0b, 0x0b,\
/*  80 */ 0x0b, 0x0b, 0x0b, 0x0b, 0x00, 0x26, 0x26, 0x26,\
/*  88 */ 0x26, 0x26, 0x26, 0x26, 0x26, 0x26, 0x26, 0x00,\
/*  96 */ 0x12, 0x10, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x10,\
/* 104 */ 0x00, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01, 0x04, 0x04, 0x00,\
/* 112 */ 0x10, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01, 0x10, 0x00, 0x00,\
/* 120 */ 0x10, 0x10, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,\
/* 128 */ 0x06, 0x23, 0x0b, 0x01, 0x10, 0x10, 0x00, 0x01,\
/* 136 */ 0x04, 0x03, 0x03, 0x03, 0x03, 0x03, 0x00, 0x01,\
/* 144 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x01,\
/* 152 */ 0x00, 0x10, 0x10, 0x01, 0x00, 0x00,}

/************** End of opcodes.h *********************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in vdbe.h ***********************/

/*
** Prototypes for the VDBE interface.  See comments on the implementation
** for a description of what each of these routines does.
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE Vdbe *sqlite3VdbeCreate(Parse*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(Vdbe*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(Vdbe*,int,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(Vdbe*,int,int,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(Vdbe*,int,int,int,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(Vdbe*,int,int,int,int,const char *zP4,int);

SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(Vdbe*,int,int,int,int,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(Vdbe*, int nOp, VdbeOpList const *aOp, int iLineno);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeAddParseSchemaOp(Vdbe*,int,char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(Vdbe*, u32 addr, int P1);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(Vdbe*, u32 addr, int P2);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP3(Vdbe*, u32 addr, int P3);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(Vdbe*, u8 P5);
................................................................................
** the speed a little by numbering the values consecutively.  
**
** But rather than start with 0 or 1, we begin with 'A'.  That way,
** when multiple affinity types are concatenated into a string and
** used as the P4 operand, they will be more readable.
**
** Note also that the numeric types are grouped together so that testing
** for a numeric type is a single comparison.  And the NONE type is first.
*/
#define SQLITE_AFF_NONE     'A'
#define SQLITE_AFF_TEXT     'B'
#define SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC  'C'
#define SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER  'D'
#define SQLITE_AFF_REAL     'E'

#define sqlite3IsNumericAffinity(X)  ((X)>=SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC)

................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
    u8 iSelectId;     /* If pSelect!=0, the id of the sub-select in EQP */
#endif
    int iCursor;      /* The VDBE cursor number used to access this table */
    Expr *pOn;        /* The ON clause of a join */
    IdList *pUsing;   /* The USING clause of a join */
    Bitmask colUsed;  /* Bit N (1<<N) set if column N of pTab is used */
    char *zIndex;     /* Identifier from "INDEXED BY <zIndex>" clause */
    Index *pIndex;    /* Index structure corresponding to zIndex, if any */
  } a[1];             /* One entry for each identifier on the list */
};

/*
** Permitted values of the SrcList.a.jointype field
*/
................................................................................
# define sqlite3Isspace(x)   isspace((unsigned char)(x))
# define sqlite3Isalnum(x)   isalnum((unsigned char)(x))
# define sqlite3Isalpha(x)   isalpha((unsigned char)(x))
# define sqlite3Isdigit(x)   isdigit((unsigned char)(x))
# define sqlite3Isxdigit(x)  isxdigit((unsigned char)(x))
# define sqlite3Tolower(x)   tolower((unsigned char)(x))
#endif

SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IsIdChar(u8);


/*
** Internal function prototypes
*/
#define sqlite3StrICmp sqlite3_stricmp
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Strlen30(const char*);
#define sqlite3StrNICmp sqlite3_strnicmp
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3MallocSize(void*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3DbMallocSize(sqlite3*, void*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3ScratchMalloc(int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ScratchFree(void*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3PageMalloc(int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PageFree(void*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3MemSetDefault(void);

SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BenignMallocHooks(void (*)(void), void (*)(void));

SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3HeapNearlyFull(void);

/*
** On systems with ample stack space and that support alloca(), make
** use of alloca() to obtain space for large automatic objects.  By default,
** obtain space from malloc().
**
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3DebugPrintf(const char*, ...);
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_TEST)
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void *sqlite3TestTextToPtr(const char*);
#endif

#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
SQLITE_PRIVATE   TreeView *sqlite3TreeViewPush(TreeView*,u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3TreeViewPop(TreeView*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3TreeViewLine(TreeView*, const char*, ...);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3TreeViewItem(TreeView*, const char*, u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3TreeViewExpr(TreeView*, const Expr*, u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3TreeViewExprList(TreeView*, const ExprList*, u8, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3TreeViewSelect(TreeView*, const Select*, u8);
#endif


SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SetString(char **, sqlite3*, const char*);
................................................................................

SQLITE_PRIVATE Bitvec *sqlite3BitvecCreate(u32);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BitvecTest(Bitvec*, u32);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BitvecSet(Bitvec*, u32);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BitvecClear(Bitvec*, u32, void*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BitvecDestroy(Bitvec*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3BitvecSize(Bitvec*);

SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BitvecBuiltinTest(int,int*);


SQLITE_PRIVATE RowSet *sqlite3RowSetInit(sqlite3*, void*, unsigned int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3RowSetClear(RowSet*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3RowSetInsert(RowSet*, i64);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3RowSetTest(RowSet*, int iBatch, i64);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3RowSetNext(RowSet*, i64*);

................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprCodeTarget(Parse*, Expr*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCodeAndCache(Parse*, Expr*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprCodeExprList(Parse*, ExprList*, int, u8);
#define SQLITE_ECEL_DUP      0x01  /* Deep, not shallow copies */
#define SQLITE_ECEL_FACTOR   0x02  /* Factor out constant terms */
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprIfTrue(Parse*, Expr*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprIfFalse(Parse*, Expr*, int, int);

SQLITE_PRIVATE Table *sqlite3FindTable(sqlite3*,const char*, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Table *sqlite3LocateTable(Parse*,int isView,const char*, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Table *sqlite3LocateTableItem(Parse*,int isView,struct SrcList_item *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Index *sqlite3FindIndex(sqlite3*,const char*, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3UnlinkAndDeleteTable(sqlite3*,int,const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3UnlinkAndDeleteIndex(sqlite3*,int,const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Vacuum(Parse*);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprCompare(Expr*, Expr*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprListCompare(ExprList*, ExprList*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprImpliesExpr(Expr*, Expr*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprAnalyzeAggregates(NameContext*, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprAnalyzeAggList(NameContext*,ExprList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FunctionUsesThisSrc(Expr*, SrcList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Vdbe *sqlite3GetVdbe(Parse*);

SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PrngSaveState(void);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PrngRestoreState(void);

SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3RollbackAll(sqlite3*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(Parse*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CodeVerifyNamedSchema(Parse*, const char *zDb);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BeginTransaction(Parse*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CommitTransaction(Parse*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3RollbackTransaction(Parse*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Savepoint(Parse*, int, Token*);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AlterFunctions(void);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AlterRenameTable(Parse*, SrcList*, Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3GetToken(const unsigned char *, int *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3NestedParse(Parse*, const char*, ...);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExpirePreparedStatements(sqlite3*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3CodeSubselect(Parse *, Expr *, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SelectPrep(Parse*, Select*, NameContext*);

SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3MatchSpanName(const char*, const char*, const char*, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ResolveExprNames(NameContext*, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ResolveSelectNames(Parse*, Select*, NameContext*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ResolveSelfReference(Parse*,Table*,int,Expr*,ExprList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ResolveOrderGroupBy(Parse*, Select*, ExprList*, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ColumnDefault(Vdbe *, Table *, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AlterFinishAddColumn(Parse *, Token *);
................................................................................
  Bool isTable:1;       /* True if a table requiring integer keys */
  Bool isOrdered:1;     /* True if the underlying table is BTREE_UNORDERED */
  Pgno pgnoRoot;        /* Root page of the open btree cursor */
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pVtabCursor;  /* The cursor for a virtual table */
  i64 seqCount;         /* Sequence counter */
  i64 movetoTarget;     /* Argument to the deferred sqlite3BtreeMoveto() */
  VdbeSorter *pSorter;  /* Sorter object for OP_SorterOpen cursors */




  /* Cached information about the header for the data record that the
  ** cursor is currently pointing to.  Only valid if cacheStatus matches
  ** Vdbe.cacheCtr.  Vdbe.cacheCtr will never take on the value of
  ** CACHE_STALE and so setting cacheStatus=CACHE_STALE guarantees that
  ** the cache is out of date.
  **
................................................................................
    sqlite3_mutex_methods *pTo = &sqlite3GlobalConfig.mutex;

    if( sqlite3GlobalConfig.bCoreMutex ){
      pFrom = sqlite3DefaultMutex();
    }else{
      pFrom = sqlite3NoopMutex();
    }
    memcpy(pTo, pFrom, offsetof(sqlite3_mutex_methods, xMutexAlloc));
    memcpy(&pTo->xMutexFree, &pFrom->xMutexFree,
           sizeof(*pTo) - offsetof(sqlite3_mutex_methods, xMutexFree));





    pTo->xMutexAlloc = pFrom->xMutexAlloc;
  }
  rc = sqlite3GlobalConfig.mutex.xMutexInit();

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  GLOBAL(int, mutexIsInit) = 1;
#endif
................................................................................
  return rc & db->errMask;
}

/************** End of malloc.c **********************************************/
/************** Begin file printf.c ******************************************/
/*
** The "printf" code that follows dates from the 1980's.  It is in
** the public domain.  The original comments are included here for
** completeness.  They are very out-of-date but might be useful as
** an historical reference.  Most of the "enhancements" have been backed
** out so that the functionality is now the same as standard printf().
**
**************************************************************************
**
** This file contains code for a set of "printf"-like routines.  These
** routines format strings much like the printf() from the standard C
** library, though the implementation here has enhancements to support
** SQLlite.
*/

/*
** Conversion types fall into various categories as defined by the
** following enumeration.
*/
#define etRADIX       1 /* Integer types.  %d, %x, %o, and so forth */
................................................................................
  va_end(ap);
  sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&acc);
  fprintf(stdout,"%s", zBuf);
  fflush(stdout);
}
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG























/*************************************************************************
** Routines for implementing the "TreeView" display of hierarchical
** data structures for debugging.
**
** The main entry points (coded elsewhere) are:
**     sqlite3TreeViewExpr(0, pExpr, 0);
**     sqlite3TreeViewExprList(0, pList, 0, 0);
**     sqlite3TreeViewSelect(0, pSelect, 0);
** Insert calls to those routines while debugging in order to display
** a diagram of Expr, ExprList, and Select objects.



**


*/



/* Add a new subitem to the tree.  The moreToFollow flag indicates that this
** is not the last item in the tree. */

SQLITE_PRIVATE TreeView *sqlite3TreeViewPush(TreeView *p, u8 moreToFollow){
  if( p==0 ){
    p = sqlite3_malloc64( sizeof(*p) );
    if( p==0 ) return 0;
    memset(p, 0, sizeof(*p));
  }else{
    p->iLevel++;
  }
  assert( moreToFollow==0 || moreToFollow==1 );
  if( p->iLevel<sizeof(p->bLine) ) p->bLine[p->iLevel] = moreToFollow;
  return p;
}


/* Finished with one layer of the tree */

SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3TreeViewPop(TreeView *p){
  if( p==0 ) return;
  p->iLevel--;
  if( p->iLevel<0 ) sqlite3_free(p);
}


/* Generate a single line of output for the tree, with a prefix that contains
** all the appropriate tree lines */

SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3TreeViewLine(TreeView *p, const char *zFormat, ...){
  va_list ap;
  int i;
  StrAccum acc;
  char zBuf[500];
  sqlite3StrAccumInit(&acc, 0, zBuf, sizeof(zBuf), 0);
  if( p ){
    for(i=0; i<p->iLevel && i<sizeof(p->bLine)-1; i++){
................................................................................
  sqlite3VXPrintf(&acc, 0, zFormat, ap);
  va_end(ap);
  if( zBuf[acc.nChar-1]!='\n' ) sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&acc, "\n", 1);
  sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&acc);
  fprintf(stdout,"%s", zBuf);
  fflush(stdout);
}


/* Shorthand for starting a new tree item that consists of a single label */

SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3TreeViewItem(TreeView *p, const char *zLabel, u8 moreToFollow){
  p = sqlite3TreeViewPush(p, moreToFollow);
  sqlite3TreeViewLine(p, "%s", zLabel);
}





















































































































































































#endif /* SQLITE_DEBUG */













































































/*
** variable-argument wrapper around sqlite3VXPrintf().









*/




























































SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3XPrintf(StrAccum *p, u32 bFlags, const char *zFormat, ...){
  va_list ap;
  va_start(ap,zFormat);
  sqlite3VXPrintf(p, bFlags, zFormat, ap);
  va_end(ap);














}






/************** End of printf.c **********************************************/
/************** Begin file random.c ******************************************/
/*
** 2001 September 15
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
................................................................................
     /*  55 */ "OpenWrite"        OpHelp("root=P2 iDb=P3"),
     /*  56 */ "OpenAutoindex"    OpHelp("nColumn=P2"),
     /*  57 */ "OpenEphemeral"    OpHelp("nColumn=P2"),
     /*  58 */ "SorterOpen"       OpHelp(""),
     /*  59 */ "SequenceTest"     OpHelp("if( cursor[P1].ctr++ ) pc = P2"),
     /*  60 */ "OpenPseudo"       OpHelp("P3 columns in r[P2]"),
     /*  61 */ "Close"            OpHelp(""),

     /*  62 */ "SeekLT"           OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /*  63 */ "SeekLE"           OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /*  64 */ "SeekGE"           OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /*  65 */ "SeekGT"           OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /*  66 */ "Seek"             OpHelp("intkey=r[P2]"),
     /*  67 */ "NoConflict"       OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /*  68 */ "NotFound"         OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /*  69 */ "Found"            OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /*  70 */ "NotExists"        OpHelp("intkey=r[P3]"),
     /*  71 */ "Or"               OpHelp("r[P3]=(r[P1] || r[P2])"),
     /*  72 */ "And"              OpHelp("r[P3]=(r[P1] && r[P2])"),

     /*  73 */ "Sequence"         OpHelp("r[P2]=cursor[P1].ctr++"),
     /*  74 */ "NewRowid"         OpHelp("r[P2]=rowid"),
     /*  75 */ "Insert"           OpHelp("intkey=r[P3] data=r[P2]"),
     /*  76 */ "IsNull"           OpHelp("if r[P1]==NULL goto P2"),
     /*  77 */ "NotNull"          OpHelp("if r[P1]!=NULL goto P2"),
     /*  78 */ "Ne"               OpHelp("if r[P1]!=r[P3] goto P2"),
     /*  79 */ "Eq"               OpHelp("if r[P1]==r[P3] goto P2"),
     /*  80 */ "Gt"               OpHelp("if r[P1]>r[P3] goto P2"),
     /*  81 */ "Le"               OpHelp("if r[P1]<=r[P3] goto P2"),
     /*  82 */ "Lt"               OpHelp("if r[P1]<r[P3] goto P2"),
     /*  83 */ "Ge"               OpHelp("if r[P1]>=r[P3] goto P2"),
     /*  84 */ "InsertInt"        OpHelp("intkey=P3 data=r[P2]"),
     /*  85 */ "BitAnd"           OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P1]&r[P2]"),
     /*  86 */ "BitOr"            OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P1]|r[P2]"),
     /*  87 */ "ShiftLeft"        OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P2]<<r[P1]"),
     /*  88 */ "ShiftRight"       OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P2]>>r[P1]"),
     /*  89 */ "Add"              OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P1]+r[P2]"),
     /*  90 */ "Subtract"         OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P2]-r[P1]"),
     /*  91 */ "Multiply"         OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P1]*r[P2]"),
     /*  92 */ "Divide"           OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P2]/r[P1]"),
     /*  93 */ "Remainder"        OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P2]%r[P1]"),
     /*  94 */ "Concat"           OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P2]+r[P1]"),
     /*  95 */ "Delete"           OpHelp(""),
     /*  96 */ "BitNot"           OpHelp("r[P1]= ~r[P1]"),
     /*  97 */ "String8"          OpHelp("r[P2]='P4'"),

     /*  98 */ "ResetCount"       OpHelp(""),
     /*  99 */ "SorterCompare"    OpHelp("if key(P1)!=trim(r[P3],P4) goto P2"),
     /* 100 */ "SorterData"       OpHelp("r[P2]=data"),
     /* 101 */ "RowKey"           OpHelp("r[P2]=key"),
     /* 102 */ "RowData"          OpHelp("r[P2]=data"),
     /* 103 */ "Rowid"            OpHelp("r[P2]=rowid"),
     /* 104 */ "NullRow"          OpHelp(""),
     /* 105 */ "Last"             OpHelp(""),
     /* 106 */ "SorterSort"       OpHelp(""),
     /* 107 */ "Sort"             OpHelp(""),
     /* 108 */ "Rewind"           OpHelp(""),
     /* 109 */ "SorterInsert"     OpHelp(""),
     /* 110 */ "IdxInsert"        OpHelp("key=r[P2]"),
     /* 111 */ "IdxDelete"        OpHelp("key=r[P2@P3]"),
     /* 112 */ "IdxRowid"         OpHelp("r[P2]=rowid"),
     /* 113 */ "IdxLE"            OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /* 114 */ "IdxGT"            OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /* 115 */ "IdxLT"            OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /* 116 */ "IdxGE"            OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /* 117 */ "Destroy"          OpHelp(""),
     /* 118 */ "Clear"            OpHelp(""),
     /* 119 */ "ResetSorter"      OpHelp(""),
     /* 120 */ "CreateIndex"      OpHelp("r[P2]=root iDb=P1"),
     /* 121 */ "CreateTable"      OpHelp("r[P2]=root iDb=P1"),
     /* 122 */ "ParseSchema"      OpHelp(""),
     /* 123 */ "LoadAnalysis"     OpHelp(""),
     /* 124 */ "DropTable"        OpHelp(""),
     /* 125 */ "DropIndex"        OpHelp(""),
     /* 126 */ "DropTrigger"      OpHelp(""),
     /* 127 */ "IntegrityCk"      OpHelp(""),
     /* 128 */ "RowSetAdd"        OpHelp("rowset(P1)=r[P2]"),
     /* 129 */ "RowSetRead"       OpHelp("r[P3]=rowset(P1)"),
     /* 130 */ "RowSetTest"       OpHelp("if r[P3] in rowset(P1) goto P2"),
     /* 131 */ "Program"          OpHelp(""),
     /* 132 */ "Param"            OpHelp(""),
     /* 133 */ "Real"             OpHelp("r[P2]=P4"),

     /* 134 */ "FkCounter"        OpHelp("fkctr[P1]+=P2"),
     /* 135 */ "FkIfZero"         OpHelp("if fkctr[P1]==0 goto P2"),
     /* 136 */ "MemMax"           OpHelp("r[P1]=max(r[P1],r[P2])"),
     /* 137 */ "IfPos"            OpHelp("if r[P1]>0 goto P2"),
     /* 138 */ "IfNeg"            OpHelp("r[P1]+=P3, if r[P1]<0 goto P2"),
     /* 139 */ "IfNotZero"        OpHelp("if r[P1]!=0 then r[P1]+=P3, goto P2"),
     /* 140 */ "DecrJumpZero"     OpHelp("if (--r[P1])==0 goto P2"),
     /* 141 */ "JumpZeroIncr"     OpHelp("if (r[P1]++)==0 ) goto P2"),
     /* 142 */ "AggFinal"         OpHelp("accum=r[P1] N=P2"),
     /* 143 */ "IncrVacuum"       OpHelp(""),
     /* 144 */ "Expire"           OpHelp(""),
     /* 145 */ "TableLock"        OpHelp("iDb=P1 root=P2 write=P3"),
     /* 146 */ "VBegin"           OpHelp(""),
     /* 147 */ "VCreate"          OpHelp(""),
     /* 148 */ "VDestroy"         OpHelp(""),
     /* 149 */ "VOpen"            OpHelp(""),
     /* 150 */ "VColumn"          OpHelp("r[P3]=vcolumn(P2)"),
     /* 151 */ "VNext"            OpHelp(""),
     /* 152 */ "VRename"          OpHelp(""),
     /* 153 */ "Pagecount"        OpHelp(""),
     /* 154 */ "MaxPgcnt"         OpHelp(""),
     /* 155 */ "Init"             OpHelp("Start at P2"),
     /* 156 */ "Noop"             OpHelp(""),
     /* 157 */ "Explain"          OpHelp(""),
  };
  return azName[i];
}
#endif

/************** End of opcodes.c *********************************************/
/************** Begin file os_unix.c *****************************************/
................................................................................
  int szPage;                         /* Size of every page in this cache */
  int szExtra;                        /* Size of extra space for each page */
  u8 bPurgeable;                      /* True if pages are on backing store */
  u8 eCreate;                         /* eCreate value for for xFetch() */
  int (*xStress)(void*,PgHdr*);       /* Call to try make a page clean */
  void *pStress;                      /* Argument to xStress */
  sqlite3_pcache *pCache;             /* Pluggable cache module */
  PgHdr *pPage1;                      /* Reference to page 1 */
};

/********************************** Linked List Management ********************/

/* Allowed values for second argument to pcacheManageDirtyList() */
#define PCACHE_DIRTYLIST_REMOVE   1    /* Remove pPage from dirty list */
#define PCACHE_DIRTYLIST_ADD      2    /* Add pPage to the dirty list */
................................................................................

/*
** Wrapper around the pluggable caches xUnpin method. If the cache is
** being used for an in-memory database, this function is a no-op.
*/
static void pcacheUnpin(PgHdr *p){
  if( p->pCache->bPurgeable ){
    if( p->pgno==1 ){
      p->pCache->pPage1 = 0;
    }
    sqlite3GlobalConfig.pcache2.xUnpin(p->pCache->pCache, p->pPage, 0);
  }
}

/*
** Compute the number of pages of cache requested.  p->szCache is the
** cache size requested by the "PRAGMA cache_size" statement.
................................................................................
    );
    if( pNew==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    sqlite3GlobalConfig.pcache2.xCachesize(pNew, numberOfCachePages(pCache));
    if( pCache->pCache ){
      sqlite3GlobalConfig.pcache2.xDestroy(pCache->pCache);
    }
    pCache->pCache = pNew;
    pCache->pPage1 = 0;
    pCache->szPage = szPage;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Try to obtain a page from the cache.
................................................................................
  if( !pPgHdr->pPage ){
    return pcacheFetchFinishWithInit(pCache, pgno, pPage);
  }
  if( 0==pPgHdr->nRef ){
    pCache->nRef++;
  }
  pPgHdr->nRef++;
  if( pgno==1 ){
    pCache->pPage1 = pPgHdr;
  }
  return pPgHdr;
}

/*
** Decrement the reference count on a page. If the page is clean and the
** reference count drops to 0, then it is made eligible for recycling.
*/
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PcacheDrop(PgHdr *p){
  assert( p->nRef==1 );
  if( p->flags&PGHDR_DIRTY ){
    pcacheManageDirtyList(p, PCACHE_DIRTYLIST_REMOVE);
  }
  p->pCache->nRef--;
  if( p->pgno==1 ){
    p->pCache->pPage1 = 0;
  }
  sqlite3GlobalConfig.pcache2.xUnpin(p->pCache->pCache, p->pPage, 1);
}

/*
** Make sure the page is marked as dirty. If it isn't dirty already,
** make it so.
*/
................................................................................
      */
      assert( p->pgno>0 );
      if( ALWAYS(p->pgno>pgno) ){
        assert( p->flags&PGHDR_DIRTY );
        sqlite3PcacheMakeClean(p);
      }
    }
    if( pgno==0 && pCache->pPage1 ){




      memset(pCache->pPage1->pData, 0, pCache->szPage);
      pgno = 1;

    }
    sqlite3GlobalConfig.pcache2.xTruncate(pCache->pCache, pgno+1);
  }
}

/*
** Close a cache.
................................................................................
** compiling for systems that do not support real WSD.
*/
#define pcache1 (GLOBAL(struct PCacheGlobal, pcache1_g))

/*
** Macros to enter and leave the PCache LRU mutex.
*/





#define pcache1EnterMutex(X) sqlite3_mutex_enter((X)->mutex)
#define pcache1LeaveMutex(X) sqlite3_mutex_leave((X)->mutex)



/******************************************************************************/
/******** Page Allocation/SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE Related Functions **************/

/*
** This function is called during initialization if a static buffer is 
** supplied to use for the page-cache by passing the SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE
................................................................................
/*
** This function is used internally to remove the page pPage from the 
** PGroup LRU list, if is part of it. If pPage is not part of the PGroup
** LRU list, then this function is a no-op.
**
** The PGroup mutex must be held when this function is called.
*/
static void pcache1PinPage(PgHdr1 *pPage){
  PCache1 *pCache;
  PGroup *pGroup;

  assert( pPage!=0 );
  assert( pPage->isPinned==0 );
  pCache = pPage->pCache;
  pGroup = pCache->pGroup;
  assert( pPage->pLruNext || pPage==pGroup->pLruTail );
  assert( pPage->pLruPrev || pPage==pGroup->pLruHead );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pGroup->mutex) );
  if( pPage->pLruPrev ){
    pPage->pLruPrev->pLruNext = pPage->pLruNext;
  }else{
    pGroup->pLruHead = pPage->pLruNext;
  }
  if( pPage->pLruNext ){
    pPage->pLruNext->pLruPrev = pPage->pLruPrev;
  }else{
    pGroup->pLruTail = pPage->pLruPrev;
  }
  pPage->pLruNext = 0;
  pPage->pLruPrev = 0;
  pPage->isPinned = 1;
  pCache->nRecyclable--;

}


/*
** Remove the page supplied as an argument from the hash table 
** (PCache1.apHash structure) that it is currently stored in.
**
................................................................................
/*
** Implementation of the sqlite3_pcache.xInit method.
*/
static int pcache1Init(void *NotUsed){
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(NotUsed);
  assert( pcache1.isInit==0 );
  memset(&pcache1, 0, sizeof(pcache1));

  if( sqlite3GlobalConfig.bCoreMutex ){
    pcache1.grp.mutex = sqlite3_mutex_alloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU);
    pcache1.mutex = sqlite3_mutex_alloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PMEM);
  }

  pcache1.grp.mxPinned = 10;
  pcache1.isInit = 1;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Implementation of the sqlite3_pcache.xShutdown method.
................................................................................
    }
  }

  /* Step 5. If a usable page buffer has still not been found, 
  ** attempt to allocate a new one. 
  */
  if( !pPage ){
    if( createFlag==1 ) sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc();
    pPage = pcache1AllocPage(pCache);
    if( createFlag==1 ) sqlite3EndBenignMalloc();
  }

  if( pPage ){
    unsigned int h = iKey % pCache->nHash;
    pCache->nPage++;
    pPage->iKey = iKey;
    pPage->pNext = pCache->apHash[h];
................................................................................
**           unnecessary pages cache entry allocations
**
**      then attempt to recycle a page from the LRU list. If it is the right
**      size, return the recycled buffer. Otherwise, free the buffer and
**      proceed to step 5. 
**
**   5. Otherwise, allocate and return a new page buffer.





*/
static sqlite3_pcache_page *pcache1Fetch(

  sqlite3_pcache *p, 
  unsigned int iKey, 
  int createFlag
){
  PCache1 *pCache = (PCache1 *)p;
  PgHdr1 *pPage = 0;

  assert( offsetof(PgHdr1,page)==0 );
  assert( pCache->bPurgeable || createFlag!=1 );
  assert( pCache->bPurgeable || pCache->nMin==0 );
  assert( pCache->bPurgeable==0 || pCache->nMin==10 );
  assert( pCache->nMin==0 || pCache->bPurgeable );
  assert( pCache->nHash>0 );
  pcache1EnterMutex(pCache->pGroup);

  /* Step 1: Search the hash table for an existing entry. */
  pPage = pCache->apHash[iKey % pCache->nHash];
  while( pPage && pPage->iKey!=iKey ){ pPage = pPage->pNext; }

  /* Step 2: Abort if no existing page is found and createFlag is 0 */
  if( pPage ){
    if( !pPage->isPinned ) pcache1PinPage(pPage);




  }else if( createFlag ){
    /* Steps 3, 4, and 5 implemented by this subroutine */
    pPage = pcache1FetchStage2(pCache, iKey, createFlag);


  }












  assert( pPage==0 || pCache->iMaxKey>=iKey );
  pcache1LeaveMutex(pCache->pGroup);
























  return (sqlite3_pcache_page*)pPage;

}


/*
** Implementation of the sqlite3_pcache.xUnpin method.
**
** Mark a page as unpinned (eligible for asynchronous recycling).
................................................................................
** small cells will be rare, but they are possible.
*/
#define MX_CELL(pBt) ((pBt->pageSize-8)/6)

/* Forward declarations */
typedef struct MemPage MemPage;
typedef struct BtLock BtLock;


/*
** This is a magic string that appears at the beginning of every
** SQLite database in order to identify the file as a real database.
**
** You can change this value at compile-time by specifying a
** -DSQLITE_FILE_HEADER="..." on the compiler command-line.  The
................................................................................
                       ** non-overflow cell */
  u8 *apOvfl[5];       /* Pointers to the body of overflow cells */
  BtShared *pBt;       /* Pointer to BtShared that this page is part of */
  u8 *aData;           /* Pointer to disk image of the page data */
  u8 *aDataEnd;        /* One byte past the end of usable data */
  u8 *aCellIdx;        /* The cell index area */
  DbPage *pDbPage;     /* Pager page handle */


  Pgno pgno;           /* Page number for this page */
};

/*
** The in-memory image of a disk page has the auxiliary information appended
** to the end.  EXTRA_SIZE is the number of bytes of space needed to hold
** that extra information.
................................................................................
*/
struct Btree {
  sqlite3 *db;       /* The database connection holding this btree */
  BtShared *pBt;     /* Sharable content of this btree */
  u8 inTrans;        /* TRANS_NONE, TRANS_READ or TRANS_WRITE */
  u8 sharable;       /* True if we can share pBt with another db */
  u8 locked;         /* True if db currently has pBt locked */

  int wantToLock;    /* Number of nested calls to sqlite3BtreeEnter() */
  int nBackup;       /* Number of backup operations reading this btree */
  u32 iDataVersion;  /* Combines with pBt->pPager->iDataVersion */
  Btree *pNext;      /* List of other sharable Btrees from the same db */
  Btree *pPrev;      /* Back pointer of the same list */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
  BtLock lock;       /* Object used to lock page 1 */
................................................................................
#define BTS_PENDING          0x0040   /* Waiting for read-locks to clear */

/*
** An instance of the following structure is used to hold information
** about a cell.  The parseCellPtr() function fills in this structure
** based on information extract from the raw disk page.
*/
typedef struct CellInfo CellInfo;
struct CellInfo {
  i64 nKey;      /* The key for INTKEY tables, or nPayload otherwise */
  u8 *pPayload;  /* Pointer to the start of payload */
  u32 nPayload;  /* Bytes of payload */
  u16 nLocal;    /* Amount of payload held locally, not on overflow */
  u16 iOverflow; /* Offset to overflow page number.  Zero if no overflow */
  u16 nSize;     /* Size of the cell content on the main b-tree page */
................................................................................
*/
static void invalidateIncrblobCursors(
  Btree *pBtree,          /* The database file to check */
  i64 iRow,               /* The rowid that might be changing */
  int isClearTable        /* True if all rows are being deleted */
){
  BtCursor *p;
  BtShared *pBt = pBtree->pBt;
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(pBtree) );

  for(p=pBt->pCursor; p; p=p->pNext){
    if( (p->curFlags & BTCF_Incrblob)!=0

     && (isClearTable || p->info.nKey==iRow)
    ){
      p->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;

    }
  }
}

#else
  /* Stub function when INCRBLOB is omitted */
  #define invalidateIncrblobCursors(x,y,z)
................................................................................
** the page, 1 means the second cell, and so forth) return a pointer
** to the cell content.
**
** This routine works only for pages that do not contain overflow cells.
*/
#define findCell(P,I) \
  ((P)->aData + ((P)->maskPage & get2byte(&(P)->aCellIdx[2*(I)])))
#define findCellv2(D,M,O,I) (D+(M&get2byte(D+(O+2*(I)))))


/*


** This a more complex version of findCell() that works for
** pages that do contain overflow cells.
*/
static u8 *findOverflowCell(MemPage *pPage, int iCell){
  int i;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  for(i=pPage->nOverflow-1; i>=0; i--){
    int k;

    k = pPage->aiOvfl[i];
    if( k<=iCell ){
      if( k==iCell ){
        return pPage->apOvfl[i];








      }
      iCell--;









    }


  }
  return findCell(pPage, iCell);
}

/*



** Parse a cell content block and fill in the CellInfo structure.  There
** are two versions of this function.  btreeParseCell() takes a 
** cell index as the second argument and btreeParseCellPtr() 
** takes a pointer to the body of the cell as its second argument.








*/
















static void btreeParseCellPtr(
  MemPage *pPage,         /* Page containing the cell */
  u8 *pCell,              /* Pointer to the cell text. */
  CellInfo *pInfo         /* Fill in this structure */
){
  u8 *pIter;              /* For scanning through pCell */
  u32 nPayload;           /* Number of bytes of cell payload */


  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  assert( pPage->leaf==0 || pPage->leaf==1 );


  if( pPage->intKeyLeaf ){
    assert( pPage->childPtrSize==0 );
    pIter = pCell + getVarint32(pCell, nPayload);



















    pIter += getVarint(pIter, (u64*)&pInfo->nKey);
  }else if( pPage->noPayload ){
    assert( pPage->childPtrSize==4 );
    pInfo->nSize = 4 + getVarint(&pCell[4], (u64*)&pInfo->nKey);



















    pInfo->nPayload = 0;









    pInfo->nLocal = 0;
    pInfo->iOverflow = 0;
    pInfo->pPayload = 0;
    return;
  }else{















    pIter = pCell + pPage->childPtrSize;
    pIter += getVarint32(pIter, nPayload);

    pInfo->nKey = nPayload;





  }


  pInfo->nPayload = nPayload;
  pInfo->pPayload = pIter;
  testcase( nPayload==pPage->maxLocal );
  testcase( nPayload==pPage->maxLocal+1 );
  if( nPayload<=pPage->maxLocal ){
    /* This is the (easy) common case where the entire payload fits
    ** on the local page.  No overflow is required.
    */
    pInfo->nSize = nPayload + (u16)(pIter - pCell);
    if( pInfo->nSize<4 ) pInfo->nSize = 4;
    pInfo->nLocal = (u16)nPayload;
    pInfo->iOverflow = 0;
  }else{
    /* If the payload will not fit completely on the local page, we have
    ** to decide how much to store locally and how much to spill onto
    ** overflow pages.  The strategy is to minimize the amount of unused
    ** space on overflow pages while keeping the amount of local storage
    ** in between minLocal and maxLocal.
    **
    ** Warning:  changing the way overflow payload is distributed in any
    ** way will result in an incompatible file format.
    */
    int minLocal;  /* Minimum amount of payload held locally */
    int maxLocal;  /* Maximum amount of payload held locally */
    int surplus;   /* Overflow payload available for local storage */

    minLocal = pPage->minLocal;
    maxLocal = pPage->maxLocal;
    surplus = minLocal + (nPayload - minLocal)%(pPage->pBt->usableSize - 4);
    testcase( surplus==maxLocal );
    testcase( surplus==maxLocal+1 );
    if( surplus <= maxLocal ){
      pInfo->nLocal = (u16)surplus;
    }else{
      pInfo->nLocal = (u16)minLocal;
    }
    pInfo->iOverflow = (u16)(&pInfo->pPayload[pInfo->nLocal] - pCell);
    pInfo->nSize = pInfo->iOverflow + 4;
  }
}
static void btreeParseCell(
  MemPage *pPage,         /* Page containing the cell */
  int iCell,              /* The cell index.  First cell is 0 */
  CellInfo *pInfo         /* Fill in this structure */
){
  btreeParseCellPtr(pPage, findCell(pPage, iCell), pInfo);
}

/*



** Compute the total number of bytes that a Cell needs in the cell
** data area of the btree-page.  The return number includes the cell
** data header and the local payload, but not any overflow page or
** the space used by the cell pointer.



*/
static u16 cellSizePtr(MemPage *pPage, u8 *pCell){
  u8 *pIter = pCell + pPage->childPtrSize; /* For looping over bytes of pCell */
  u8 *pEnd;                                /* End mark for a varint */
  u32 nSize;                               /* Size value to return */

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  /* The value returned by this function should always be the same as
  ** the (CellInfo.nSize) value found by doing a full parse of the
  ** cell. If SQLITE_DEBUG is defined, an assert() at the bottom of
  ** this function verifies that this invariant is not violated. */
  CellInfo debuginfo;
  btreeParseCellPtr(pPage, pCell, &debuginfo);
#endif

  if( pPage->noPayload ){
    pEnd = &pIter[9];
    while( (*pIter++)&0x80 && pIter<pEnd );
    assert( pPage->childPtrSize==4 );
    return (u16)(pIter - pCell);
  }
  nSize = *pIter;
  if( nSize>=0x80 ){
    pEnd = &pIter[9];
    nSize &= 0x7f;
    do{
      nSize = (nSize<<7) | (*++pIter & 0x7f);
    }while( *(pIter)>=0x80 && pIter<pEnd );
  }
  pIter++;
  if( pPage->intKey ){
................................................................................
      nSize = minLocal;
    }
    nSize += 4 + (u16)(pIter - pCell);
  }
  assert( nSize==debuginfo.nSize || CORRUPT_DB );
  return (u16)nSize;
}





















#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
/* This variation on cellSizePtr() is used inside of assert() statements
** only. */
static u16 cellSize(MemPage *pPage, int iCell){
  return cellSizePtr(pPage, findCell(pPage, iCell));
}
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
/*
** If the cell pCell, part of page pPage contains a pointer
** to an overflow page, insert an entry into the pointer-map
** for the overflow page.
*/
static void ptrmapPutOvflPtr(MemPage *pPage, u8 *pCell, int *pRC){
  CellInfo info;
  if( *pRC ) return;
  assert( pCell!=0 );
  btreeParseCellPtr(pPage, pCell, &info);
  if( info.iOverflow ){
    Pgno ovfl = get4byte(&pCell[info.iOverflow]);
    ptrmapPut(pPage->pBt, ovfl, PTRMAP_OVERFLOW1, pPage->pgno, pRC);
  }
}
#endif

................................................................................
    /* These conditions have already been verified in btreeInitPage()
    ** if PRAGMA cell_size_check=ON.
    */
    if( pc<iCellFirst || pc>iCellLast ){
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }
    assert( pc>=iCellFirst && pc<=iCellLast );
    size = cellSizePtr(pPage, &src[pc]);
    cbrk -= size;
    if( cbrk<iCellFirst || pc+size>usableSize ){
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }
    assert( cbrk+size<=usableSize && cbrk>=iCellFirst );
    testcase( cbrk+size==usableSize );
    testcase( pc+size==usableSize );
................................................................................
** from the free-list.
**
** If no suitable space can be found on the free-list, return NULL.
**
** This function may detect corruption within pPg.  If corruption is
** detected then *pRc is set to SQLITE_CORRUPT and NULL is returned.
**
** If a slot of at least nByte bytes is found but cannot be used because 
** there are already at least 60 fragmented bytes on the page, return NULL.
** In this case, if pbDefrag parameter is not NULL, set *pbDefrag to true.
*/
static u8 *pageFindSlot(MemPage *pPg, int nByte, int *pRc, int *pbDefrag){
  const int hdr = pPg->hdrOffset;
  u8 * const aData = pPg->aData;
  int iAddr;

  int pc;
  int usableSize = pPg->pBt->usableSize;

  for(iAddr=hdr+1; (pc = get2byte(&aData[iAddr]))>0; iAddr=pc){


    int size;            /* Size of the free slot */
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-06866-39125 Freeblocks are always connected in order of
    ** increasing offset. */
    if( pc>usableSize-4 || pc<iAddr+4 ){
      *pRc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      return 0;
    }
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-22710-53328 The third and fourth bytes of each
    ** freeblock form a big-endian integer which is the size of the freeblock
    ** in bytes, including the 4-byte header. */
    size = get2byte(&aData[pc+2]);
    if( size>=nByte ){
      int x = size - nByte;
      testcase( x==4 );
      testcase( x==3 );



      if( x<4 ){
        /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-11498-58022 In a well-formed b-tree page, the total
        ** number of bytes in fragments may not exceed 60. */
        if( aData[hdr+7]>=60 ){
          if( pbDefrag ) *pbDefrag = 1;
          return 0;
        }
        /* Remove the slot from the free-list. Update the number of
        ** fragmented bytes within the page. */
        memcpy(&aData[iAddr], &aData[pc], 2);
        aData[hdr+7] += (u8)x;
      }else if( pc < pPg->cellOffset+2*pPg->nCell || size+pc > usableSize ){
        *pRc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
        return 0;
      }else{
        /* The slot remains on the free-list. Reduce its size to account
         ** for the portion used by the new allocation. */
        put2byte(&aData[pc+2], x);
      }
      return &aData[pc + x];
    }
  }



  return 0;
}

/*
** Allocate nByte bytes of space from within the B-Tree page passed
** as the first argument. Write into *pIdx the index into pPage->aData[]
................................................................................
  gap = pPage->cellOffset + 2*pPage->nCell;
  assert( gap<=65536 );
  /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-29356-02391 If the database uses a 65536-byte page size
  ** and the reserved space is zero (the usual value for reserved space)
  ** then the cell content offset of an empty page wants to be 65536.
  ** However, that integer is too large to be stored in a 2-byte unsigned
  ** integer, so a value of 0 is used in its place. */
  top = get2byteNotZero(&data[hdr+5]);
  if( gap>top || NEVER((u32)top>pPage->pBt->usableSize) ){
    /* The NEVER() is because a oversize "top" value will be blocked from
    ** reaching this point by btreeInitPage() or btreeGetUnusedPage() */


    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;

  }

  /* If there is enough space between gap and top for one more cell pointer
  ** array entry offset, and if the freelist is not empty, then search the
  ** freelist looking for a free slot big enough to satisfy the request.
  */
  testcase( gap+2==top );
  testcase( gap+1==top );
  testcase( gap==top );
  if( gap+2<=top && (data[hdr+1] || data[hdr+2]) ){
    int bDefrag = 0;
    u8 *pSpace = pageFindSlot(pPage, nByte, &rc, &bDefrag);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    if( bDefrag ) goto defragment_page;
    if( pSpace ){
      assert( pSpace>=data && (pSpace - data)<65536 );
      *pIdx = (int)(pSpace - data);
      return SQLITE_OK;


    }
  }

  /* The request could not be fulfilled using a freelist slot.  Check
  ** to see if defragmentation is necessary.
  */
  testcase( gap+2+nByte==top );
  if( gap+2+nByte>top ){
 defragment_page:
    assert( pPage->nCell>0 || CORRUPT_DB );
    rc = defragmentPage(pPage);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    top = get2byteNotZero(&data[hdr+5]);
    assert( gap+nByte<=top );
  }

................................................................................
      iPtr = iFreeBlk;
    }
    if( iFreeBlk>iLast ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    assert( iFreeBlk>iPtr || iFreeBlk==0 );
  
    /* At this point:
    **    iFreeBlk:   First freeblock after iStart, or zero if none
    **    iPtr:       The address of a pointer iFreeBlk
    **
    ** Check to see if iFreeBlk should be coalesced onto the end of iStart.
    */
    if( iFreeBlk && iEnd+3>=iFreeBlk ){
      nFrag = iFreeBlk - iEnd;
      if( iEnd>iFreeBlk ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      iEnd = iFreeBlk + get2byte(&data[iFreeBlk+2]);

      iSize = iEnd - iStart;
      iFreeBlk = get2byte(&data[iFreeBlk]);
    }
  
    /* If iPtr is another freeblock (that is, if iPtr is not the freelist
    ** pointer in the page header) then check to see if iStart should be
    ** coalesced onto the end of iPtr.
................................................................................
  BtShared *pBt;     /* A copy of pPage->pBt */

  assert( pPage->hdrOffset==(pPage->pgno==1 ? 100 : 0) );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  pPage->leaf = (u8)(flagByte>>3);  assert( PTF_LEAF == 1<<3 );
  flagByte &= ~PTF_LEAF;
  pPage->childPtrSize = 4-4*pPage->leaf;

  pBt = pPage->pBt;
  if( flagByte==(PTF_LEAFDATA | PTF_INTKEY) ){
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-03640-13415 A value of 5 means the page is an interior
    ** table b-tree page. */
    assert( (PTF_LEAFDATA|PTF_INTKEY)==5 );
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-20501-61796 A value of 13 means the page is a leaf
    ** table b-tree page. */
    assert( (PTF_LEAFDATA|PTF_INTKEY|PTF_LEAF)==13 );
    pPage->intKey = 1;

    pPage->intKeyLeaf = pPage->leaf;
    pPage->noPayload = !pPage->leaf;







    pPage->maxLocal = pBt->maxLeaf;
    pPage->minLocal = pBt->minLeaf;
  }else if( flagByte==PTF_ZERODATA ){
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-27225-53936 A value of 2 means the page is an interior
    ** index b-tree page. */
    assert( (PTF_ZERODATA)==2 );
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-16571-11615 A value of 10 means the page is a leaf
    ** index b-tree page. */
    assert( (PTF_ZERODATA|PTF_LEAF)==10 );
    pPage->intKey = 0;
    pPage->intKeyLeaf = 0;
    pPage->noPayload = 0;

    pPage->maxLocal = pBt->maxLocal;
    pPage->minLocal = pBt->minLocal;
  }else{
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-47608-56469 Any other value for the b-tree page type is
    ** an error. */
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
................................................................................
      for(i=0; i<pPage->nCell; i++){
        pc = get2byte(&data[cellOffset+i*2]);
        testcase( pc==iCellFirst );
        testcase( pc==iCellLast );
        if( pc<iCellFirst || pc>iCellLast ){
          return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
        }
        sz = cellSizePtr(pPage, &data[pc]);
        testcase( pc+sz==usableSize );
        if( pc+sz>usableSize ){
          return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
        }
      }
      if( !pPage->leaf ) iCellLast++;
    }  
................................................................................
    if( rc ) return rc;
    nCell = pPage->nCell;

    for(i=0; i<nCell; i++){
      u8 *pCell = findCell(pPage, i);
      if( eType==PTRMAP_OVERFLOW1 ){
        CellInfo info;
        btreeParseCellPtr(pPage, pCell, &info);
        if( info.iOverflow
         && pCell+info.iOverflow+3<=pPage->aData+pPage->maskPage
         && iFrom==get4byte(&pCell[info.iOverflow])
        ){
          put4byte(&pCell[info.iOverflow], iTo);
          break;
        }
................................................................................
/*
** Make sure the BtCursor* given in the argument has a valid
** BtCursor.info structure.  If it is not already valid, call
** btreeParseCell() to fill it in.
**
** BtCursor.info is a cache of the information in the current cell.
** Using this cache reduces the number of calls to btreeParseCell().
**
** 2007-06-25:  There is a bug in some versions of MSVC that cause the
** compiler to crash when getCellInfo() is implemented as a macro.
** But there is a measureable speed advantage to using the macro on gcc
** (when less compiler optimizations like -Os or -O0 are used and the
** compiler is not doing aggressive inlining.)  So we use a real function
** for MSVC and a macro for everything else.  Ticket #2457.
*/
#ifndef NDEBUG
  static void assertCellInfo(BtCursor *pCur){
    CellInfo info;
    int iPage = pCur->iPage;
    memset(&info, 0, sizeof(info));
    btreeParseCell(pCur->apPage[iPage], pCur->aiIdx[iPage], &info);
    assert( CORRUPT_DB || memcmp(&info, &pCur->info, sizeof(info))==0 );
  }
#else
  #define assertCellInfo(x)
#endif
#ifdef _MSC_VER
  /* Use a real function in MSVC to work around bugs in that compiler. */
  static void getCellInfo(BtCursor *pCur){
    if( pCur->info.nSize==0 ){
      int iPage = pCur->iPage;
      btreeParseCell(pCur->apPage[iPage],pCur->aiIdx[iPage],&pCur->info);
      pCur->curFlags |= BTCF_ValidNKey;

    }else{
      assertCellInfo(pCur);
    }
  }
#else /* if not _MSC_VER */
  /* Use a macro in all other compilers so that the function is inlined */
#define getCellInfo(pCur)                                                      \
  if( pCur->info.nSize==0 ){                                                   \
    int iPage = pCur->iPage;                                                   \
    btreeParseCell(pCur->apPage[iPage],pCur->aiIdx[iPage],&pCur->info);        \
    pCur->curFlags |= BTCF_ValidNKey;                                          \
  }else{                                                                       \
    assertCellInfo(pCur);                                                      \
  }
#endif /* _MSC_VER */

#ifndef NDEBUG  /* The next routine used only within assert() statements */
/*
** Return true if the given BtCursor is valid.  A valid cursor is one
** that is currently pointing to a row in a (non-empty) table.
** This is a verification routine is used only within assert() statements.
*/
................................................................................
          **
          ** If the record is corrupt, the xRecordCompare routine may read
          ** up to two varints past the end of the buffer. An extra 18 
          ** bytes of padding is allocated at the end of the buffer in
          ** case this happens.  */
          void *pCellKey;
          u8 * const pCellBody = pCell - pPage->childPtrSize;
          btreeParseCellPtr(pPage, pCellBody, &pCur->info);
          nCell = (int)pCur->info.nKey;
          testcase( nCell<0 );   /* True if key size is 2^32 or more */
          testcase( nCell==0 );  /* Invalid key size:  0x80 0x80 0x00 */
          testcase( nCell==1 );  /* Invalid key size:  0x80 0x80 0x01 */
          testcase( nCell==2 );  /* Minimum legal index key size */
          if( nCell<2 ){
            rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
................................................................................
  if( n>=mxPage ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  if( n>0 ){
    /* There are pages on the freelist.  Reuse one of those pages. */
    Pgno iTrunk;
    u8 searchList = 0; /* If the free-list must be searched for 'nearby' */

    
    /* If eMode==BTALLOC_EXACT and a query of the pointer-map
    ** shows that the page 'nearby' is somewhere on the free-list, then
    ** the entire-list will be searched for that page.
    */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
    if( eMode==BTALLOC_EXACT ){
................................................................................
      }else{
        /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-59841-13798 The 4-byte big-endian integer at offset 32
        ** stores the page number of the first page of the freelist, or zero if
        ** the freelist is empty. */
        iTrunk = get4byte(&pPage1->aData[32]);
      }
      testcase( iTrunk==mxPage );
      if( iTrunk>mxPage ){
        rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      }else{
        rc = btreeGetUnusedPage(pBt, iTrunk, &pTrunk, 0);
      }
      if( rc ){
        pTrunk = 0;
        goto end_allocate_page;
................................................................................
  CellInfo info;
  Pgno ovflPgno;
  int rc;
  int nOvfl;
  u32 ovflPageSize;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  btreeParseCellPtr(pPage, pCell, &info);
  *pnSize = info.nSize;
  if( info.iOverflow==0 ){
    return SQLITE_OK;  /* No overflow pages. Return without doing anything */
  }
  if( pCell+info.iOverflow+3 > pPage->aData+pPage->maskPage ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;  /* Cell extends past end of page */
  }
................................................................................
  **
  ** Use a call to btreeParseCellPtr() to verify that the values above
  ** were computed correctly.
  */
#if SQLITE_DEBUG
  {
    CellInfo info;
    btreeParseCellPtr(pPage, pCell, &info);
    assert( nHeader=(int)(info.pPayload - pCell) );
    assert( info.nKey==nKey );
    assert( *pnSize == info.nSize );
    assert( spaceLeft == info.nLocal );
    assert( pPrior == &pCell[info.iOverflow] );
  }
#endif
................................................................................
  int sz,           /* Bytes of content in pCell */
  u8 *pTemp,        /* Temp storage space for pCell, if needed */
  Pgno iChild,      /* If non-zero, replace first 4 bytes with this value */
  int *pRC          /* Read and write return code from here */
){
  int idx = 0;      /* Where to write new cell content in data[] */
  int j;            /* Loop counter */
  int end;          /* First byte past the last cell pointer in data[] */
  int ins;          /* Index in data[] where new cell pointer is inserted */
  int cellOffset;   /* Address of first cell pointer in data[] */
  u8 *data;         /* The content of the whole page */


  if( *pRC ) return;

  assert( i>=0 && i<=pPage->nCell+pPage->nOverflow );
  assert( MX_CELL(pPage->pBt)<=10921 );
  assert( pPage->nCell<=MX_CELL(pPage->pBt) || CORRUPT_DB );
  assert( pPage->nOverflow<=ArraySize(pPage->apOvfl) );
................................................................................
  assert( ArraySize(pPage->apOvfl)==ArraySize(pPage->aiOvfl) );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  /* The cell should normally be sized correctly.  However, when moving a
  ** malformed cell from a leaf page to an interior page, if the cell size
  ** wanted to be less than 4 but got rounded up to 4 on the leaf, then size
  ** might be less than 8 (leaf-size + pointer) on the interior node.  Hence
  ** the term after the || in the following assert(). */
  assert( sz==cellSizePtr(pPage, pCell) || (sz==8 && iChild>0) );
  if( pPage->nOverflow || sz+2>pPage->nFree ){
    if( pTemp ){
      memcpy(pTemp, pCell, sz);
      pCell = pTemp;
    }
    if( iChild ){
      put4byte(pCell, iChild);
    }
    j = pPage->nOverflow++;
    assert( j<(int)(sizeof(pPage->apOvfl)/sizeof(pPage->apOvfl[0])) );
    pPage->apOvfl[j] = pCell;
    pPage->aiOvfl[j] = (u16)i;








  }else{
    int rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPage->pDbPage);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      *pRC = rc;
      return;
    }
    assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pPage->pDbPage) );
    data = pPage->aData;
    cellOffset = pPage->cellOffset;
    end = cellOffset + 2*pPage->nCell;
    ins = cellOffset + 2*i;
    rc = allocateSpace(pPage, sz, &idx);
    if( rc ){ *pRC = rc; return; }
    /* The allocateSpace() routine guarantees the following two properties
    ** if it returns success */
    assert( idx >= end+2 );

    assert( idx+sz <= (int)pPage->pBt->usableSize );
    pPage->nCell++;
    pPage->nFree -= (u16)(2 + sz);
    memcpy(&data[idx], pCell, sz);
    if( iChild ){
      put4byte(&data[idx], iChild);
    }
    memmove(&data[ins+2], &data[ins], end-ins);

    put2byte(&data[ins], idx);



    put2byte(&data[pPage->hdrOffset+3], pPage->nCell);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
    if( pPage->pBt->autoVacuum ){
      /* The cell may contain a pointer to an overflow page. If so, write
      ** the entry for the overflow page into the pointer map.
      */
      ptrmapPutOvflPtr(pPage, pCell, pRC);
    }
#endif
  }
}















































/*
** Array apCell[] contains pointers to nCell b-tree page cells. The 
** szCell[] array contains the size in bytes of each cell. This function
** replaces the current contents of page pPg with the contents of the cell
** array.
**
................................................................................
** Some of the cells in apCell[] may currently be stored in pPg. This
** function works around problems caused by this by making a copy of any 
** such cells before overwriting the page data.
**
** The MemPage.nFree field is invalidated by this function. It is the 
** responsibility of the caller to set it correctly.
*/
static void rebuildPage(
  MemPage *pPg,                   /* Edit this page */
  int nCell,                      /* Final number of cells on page */
  u8 **apCell,                    /* Array of cells */
  u16 *szCell                     /* Array of cell sizes */
){
  const int hdr = pPg->hdrOffset;          /* Offset of header on pPg */
  u8 * const aData = pPg->aData;           /* Pointer to data for pPg */
................................................................................
  pData = pEnd;
  for(i=0; i<nCell; i++){
    u8 *pCell = apCell[i];
    if( pCell>aData && pCell<pEnd ){
      pCell = &pTmp[pCell - aData];
    }
    pData -= szCell[i];
    memcpy(pData, pCell, szCell[i]);
    put2byte(pCellptr, (pData - aData));
    pCellptr += 2;


    assert( szCell[i]==cellSizePtr(pPg, pCell) || CORRUPT_DB );
    testcase( szCell[i]==cellSizePtr(pPg,pCell) );
  }

  /* The pPg->nFree field is now set incorrectly. The caller will fix it. */
  pPg->nCell = nCell;
  pPg->nOverflow = 0;

  put2byte(&aData[hdr+1], 0);
  put2byte(&aData[hdr+3], pPg->nCell);
  put2byte(&aData[hdr+5], pData - aData);
  aData[hdr+7] = 0x00;

}

/*
** Array apCell[] contains nCell pointers to b-tree cells. Array szCell
** contains the size in bytes of each such cell. This function attempts to 
** add the cells stored in the array to page pPg. If it cannot (because 
** the page needs to be defragmented before the cells will fit), non-zero
................................................................................
** cells in apCell[], then the cells do not fit and non-zero is returned.
*/
static int pageInsertArray(
  MemPage *pPg,                   /* Page to add cells to */
  u8 *pBegin,                     /* End of cell-pointer array */
  u8 **ppData,                    /* IN/OUT: Page content -area pointer */
  u8 *pCellptr,                   /* Pointer to cell-pointer area */
  int nCell,                      /* Number of cells to add to pPg */
  u8 **apCell,                    /* Array of cells */
  u16 *szCell                     /* Array of cell sizes */
){
  int i;
  u8 *aData = pPg->aData;
  u8 *pData = *ppData;
  const int bFreelist = aData[1] || aData[2];
  assert( CORRUPT_DB || pPg->hdrOffset==0 );    /* Never called on page 1 */
  for(i=0; i<nCell; i++){
    int sz = szCell[i];
    int rc;
    u8 *pSlot;

    if( bFreelist==0 || (pSlot = pageFindSlot(pPg, sz, &rc, 0))==0 ){
      pData -= sz;
      if( pData<pBegin ) return 1;
      pSlot = pData;
    }
    memcpy(pSlot, apCell[i], sz);
    put2byte(pCellptr, (pSlot - aData));
    pCellptr += 2;
  }
  *ppData = pData;
  return 0;
}

................................................................................
** within the body of pPg to the pPg free-list. The cell-pointers and other
** fields of the page are not updated.
**
** This function returns the total number of cells added to the free-list.
*/
static int pageFreeArray(
  MemPage *pPg,                   /* Page to edit */
  int nCell,                      /* Cells to delete */
  u8 **apCell,                    /* Array of cells */
  u16 *szCell                     /* Array of cell sizes */
){
  u8 * const aData = pPg->aData;
  u8 * const pEnd = &aData[pPg->pBt->usableSize];
  u8 * const pStart = &aData[pPg->hdrOffset + 8 + pPg->childPtrSize];
  int nRet = 0;
  int i;

  u8 *pFree = 0;
  int szFree = 0;

  for(i=0; i<nCell; i++){
    u8 *pCell = apCell[i];
    if( pCell>=pStart && pCell<pEnd ){
      int sz = szCell[i];




      if( pFree!=(pCell + sz) ){
        if( pFree ){
          assert( pFree>aData && (pFree - aData)<65536 );
          freeSpace(pPg, (u16)(pFree - aData), szFree);
        }
        pFree = pCell;
        szFree = sz;
................................................................................
**
** This routine makes the necessary adjustments to pPg so that it contains
** the correct cells after being balanced.
**
** The pPg->nFree field is invalid when this function returns. It is the
** responsibility of the caller to set it correctly.
*/
static void editPage(
  MemPage *pPg,                   /* Edit this page */
  int iOld,                       /* Index of first cell currently on page */
  int iNew,                       /* Index of new first cell on page */
  int nNew,                       /* Final number of cells on page */
  u8 **apCell,                    /* Array of cells */
  u16 *szCell                     /* Array of cell sizes */
){
  u8 * const aData = pPg->aData;
  const int hdr = pPg->hdrOffset;
  u8 *pBegin = &pPg->aCellIdx[nNew * 2];
  int nCell = pPg->nCell;       /* Cells stored on pPg */
  u8 *pData;
  u8 *pCellptr;
................................................................................
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  u8 *pTmp = sqlite3PagerTempSpace(pPg->pBt->pPager);
  memcpy(pTmp, aData, pPg->pBt->usableSize);
#endif

  /* Remove cells from the start and end of the page */
  if( iOld<iNew ){
    int nShift = pageFreeArray(
        pPg, iNew-iOld, &apCell[iOld], &szCell[iOld]
    );
    memmove(pPg->aCellIdx, &pPg->aCellIdx[nShift*2], nCell*2);
    nCell -= nShift;
  }
  if( iNewEnd < iOldEnd ){
    nCell -= pageFreeArray(
        pPg, iOldEnd-iNewEnd, &apCell[iNewEnd], &szCell[iNewEnd]
    );
  }

  pData = &aData[get2byteNotZero(&aData[hdr+5])];
  if( pData<pBegin ) goto editpage_fail;

  /* Add cells to the start of the page */
  if( iNew<iOld ){
    int nAdd = MIN(nNew,iOld-iNew);
    assert( (iOld-iNew)<nNew || nCell==0 || CORRUPT_DB );
    pCellptr = pPg->aCellIdx;
    memmove(&pCellptr[nAdd*2], pCellptr, nCell*2);
    if( pageInsertArray(
          pPg, pBegin, &pData, pCellptr,
          nAdd, &apCell[iNew], &szCell[iNew]
    ) ) goto editpage_fail;
    nCell += nAdd;
  }

  /* Add any overflow cells */
  for(i=0; i<pPg->nOverflow; i++){
    int iCell = (iOld + pPg->aiOvfl[i]) - iNew;
    if( iCell>=0 && iCell<nNew ){
      pCellptr = &pPg->aCellIdx[iCell * 2];
      memmove(&pCellptr[2], pCellptr, (nCell - iCell) * 2);
      nCell++;
      if( pageInsertArray(
            pPg, pBegin, &pData, pCellptr,
            1, &apCell[iCell + iNew], &szCell[iCell + iNew]
      ) ) goto editpage_fail;
    }
  }

  /* Append cells to the end of the page */
  pCellptr = &pPg->aCellIdx[nCell*2];
  if( pageInsertArray(
        pPg, pBegin, &pData, pCellptr,
        nNew-nCell, &apCell[iNew+nCell], &szCell[iNew+nCell]
  ) ) goto editpage_fail;

  pPg->nCell = nNew;
  pPg->nOverflow = 0;

  put2byte(&aData[hdr+3], pPg->nCell);
  put2byte(&aData[hdr+5], pData - aData);

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  for(i=0; i<nNew && !CORRUPT_DB; i++){
    u8 *pCell = apCell[i+iNew];
    int iOff = get2byte(&pPg->aCellIdx[i*2]);
    if( pCell>=aData && pCell<&aData[pPg->pBt->usableSize] ){
      pCell = &pTmp[pCell - aData];
    }
    assert( 0==memcmp(pCell, &aData[iOff], szCell[i+iNew]) );

  }
#endif

  return;
 editpage_fail:
  /* Unable to edit this page. Rebuild it from scratch instead. */
  rebuildPage(pPg, nNew, &apCell[iNew], &szCell[iNew]);

}

/*
** The following parameters determine how many adjacent pages get involved
** in a balancing operation.  NN is the number of neighbors on either side
** of the page that participate in the balancing operation.  NB is the
** total number of pages that participate, including the target page and
................................................................................
  */
  rc = allocateBtreePage(pBt, &pNew, &pgnoNew, 0, 0);

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){

    u8 *pOut = &pSpace[4];
    u8 *pCell = pPage->apOvfl[0];
    u16 szCell = cellSizePtr(pPage, pCell);
    u8 *pStop;

    assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pNew->pDbPage) );
    assert( pPage->aData[0]==(PTF_INTKEY|PTF_LEAFDATA|PTF_LEAF) );
    zeroPage(pNew, PTF_INTKEY|PTF_LEAFDATA|PTF_LEAF);
    rebuildPage(pNew, 1, &pCell, &szCell);

    pNew->nFree = pBt->usableSize - pNew->cellOffset - 2 - szCell;

    /* If this is an auto-vacuum database, update the pointer map
    ** with entries for the new page, and any pointer from the 
    ** cell on the page to an overflow page. If either of these
    ** operations fails, the return code is set, but the contents
    ** of the parent page are still manipulated by thh code below.
................................................................................
    assert( pPage->isInit );

    for(j=0; j<pPage->nCell; j++){
      CellInfo info;
      u8 *z;
     
      z = findCell(pPage, j);
      btreeParseCellPtr(pPage, z, &info);
      if( info.iOverflow ){
        Pgno ovfl = get4byte(&z[info.iOverflow]);
        ptrmapGet(pBt, ovfl, &e, &n);
        assert( n==pPage->pgno && e==PTRMAP_OVERFLOW1 );
      }
      if( !pPage->leaf ){
        Pgno child = get4byte(z);
................................................................................
  MemPage *pParent,               /* Parent page of siblings being balanced */
  int iParentIdx,                 /* Index of "the page" in pParent */
  u8 *aOvflSpace,                 /* page-size bytes of space for parent ovfl */
  int isRoot,                     /* True if pParent is a root-page */
  int bBulk                       /* True if this call is part of a bulk load */
){
  BtShared *pBt;               /* The whole database */
  int nCell = 0;               /* Number of cells in apCell[] */
  int nMaxCells = 0;           /* Allocated size of apCell, szCell, aFrom. */
  int nNew = 0;                /* Number of pages in apNew[] */
  int nOld;                    /* Number of pages in apOld[] */
  int i, j, k;                 /* Loop counters */
  int nxDiv;                   /* Next divider slot in pParent->aCell[] */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;          /* The return code */
  u16 leafCorrection;          /* 4 if pPage is a leaf.  0 if not */
  int leafData;                /* True if pPage is a leaf of a LEAFDATA tree */
  int usableSpace;             /* Bytes in pPage beyond the header */
  int pageFlags;               /* Value of pPage->aData[0] */
  int subtotal;                /* Subtotal of bytes in cells on one page */
  int iSpace1 = 0;             /* First unused byte of aSpace1[] */
  int iOvflSpace = 0;          /* First unused byte of aOvflSpace[] */
  int szScratch;               /* Size of scratch memory requested */
  MemPage *apOld[NB];          /* pPage and up to two siblings */
  MemPage *apNew[NB+2];        /* pPage and up to NB siblings after balancing */
  u8 *pRight;                  /* Location in parent of right-sibling pointer */
  u8 *apDiv[NB-1];             /* Divider cells in pParent */
  int cntNew[NB+2];            /* Index in aCell[] of cell after i-th page */
  int cntOld[NB+2];            /* Old index in aCell[] after i-th page */
  int szNew[NB+2];             /* Combined size of cells placed on i-th page */
  u8 **apCell = 0;             /* All cells begin balanced */
  u16 *szCell;                 /* Local size of all cells in apCell[] */
  u8 *aSpace1;                 /* Space for copies of dividers cells */
  Pgno pgno;                   /* Temp var to store a page number in */
  u8 abDone[NB+2];             /* True after i'th new page is populated */
  Pgno aPgno[NB+2];            /* Page numbers of new pages before shuffling */
  Pgno aPgOrder[NB+2];         /* Copy of aPgno[] used for sorting pages */
  u16 aPgFlags[NB+2];          /* flags field of new pages before shuffling */


  memset(abDone, 0, sizeof(abDone));


  pBt = pParent->pBt;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pParent->pDbPage) );

#if 0
  TRACE(("BALANCE: begin page %d child of %d\n", pPage->pgno, pParent->pgno));
#endif
................................................................................
    }
    nMaxCells += 1+apOld[i]->nCell+apOld[i]->nOverflow;
    if( (i--)==0 ) break;

    if( i+nxDiv==pParent->aiOvfl[0] && pParent->nOverflow ){
      apDiv[i] = pParent->apOvfl[0];
      pgno = get4byte(apDiv[i]);
      szNew[i] = cellSizePtr(pParent, apDiv[i]);
      pParent->nOverflow = 0;
    }else{
      apDiv[i] = findCell(pParent, i+nxDiv-pParent->nOverflow);
      pgno = get4byte(apDiv[i]);
      szNew[i] = cellSizePtr(pParent, apDiv[i]);

      /* Drop the cell from the parent page. apDiv[i] still points to
      ** the cell within the parent, even though it has been dropped.
      ** This is safe because dropping a cell only overwrites the first
      ** four bytes of it, and this function does not need the first
      ** four bytes of the divider cell. So the pointer is safe to use
      ** later on.  
................................................................................
  ** alignment */
  nMaxCells = (nMaxCells + 3)&~3;

  /*
  ** Allocate space for memory structures
  */
  szScratch =
       nMaxCells*sizeof(u8*)                       /* apCell */
     + nMaxCells*sizeof(u16)                       /* szCell */
     + pBt->pageSize;                              /* aSpace1 */

  /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-28375-38319 SQLite will never request a scratch buffer
  ** that is more than 6 times the database page size. */
  assert( szScratch<=6*(int)pBt->pageSize );
  apCell = sqlite3ScratchMalloc( szScratch ); 
  if( apCell==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    goto balance_cleanup;
  }
  szCell = (u16*)&apCell[nMaxCells];
  aSpace1 = (u8*)&szCell[nMaxCells];
  assert( EIGHT_BYTE_ALIGNMENT(aSpace1) );

  /*
  ** Load pointers to all cells on sibling pages and the divider cells
  ** into the local apCell[] array.  Make copies of the divider cells
  ** into space obtained from aSpace1[]. The divider cells have already
  ** been removed from pParent.
  **
  ** If the siblings are on leaf pages, then the child pointers of the
  ** divider cells are stripped from the cells before they are copied
  ** into aSpace1[].  In this way, all cells in apCell[] are without
  ** child pointers.  If siblings are not leaves, then all cell in
  ** apCell[] include child pointers.  Either way, all cells in apCell[]
  ** are alike.
  **
  ** leafCorrection:  4 if pPage is a leaf.  0 if pPage is not a leaf.
  **       leafData:  1 if pPage holds key+data and pParent holds only keys.
  */

  leafCorrection = apOld[0]->leaf*4;
  leafData = apOld[0]->intKeyLeaf;
  for(i=0; i<nOld; i++){
    int limit;
    MemPage *pOld = apOld[i];






    /* Verify that all sibling pages are of the same "type" (table-leaf,
    ** table-interior, index-leaf, or index-interior).
    */
    if( pOld->aData[0]!=apOld[0]->aData[0] ){
      rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      goto balance_cleanup;
    }

    limit = pOld->nCell+pOld->nOverflow;

















    if( pOld->nOverflow>0 ){


      for(j=0; j<limit; j++){
        assert( nCell<nMaxCells );
        apCell[nCell] = findOverflowCell(pOld, j);
        szCell[nCell] = cellSizePtr(pOld, apCell[nCell]);


        nCell++;
      }
    }else{
      u8 *aData = pOld->aData;
      u16 maskPage = pOld->maskPage;






      u16 cellOffset = pOld->cellOffset;
      for(j=0; j<limit; j++){

        assert( nCell<nMaxCells );
        apCell[nCell] = findCellv2(aData, maskPage, cellOffset, j);
        szCell[nCell] = cellSizePtr(pOld, apCell[nCell]);


        nCell++;
      }
    }       
    cntOld[i] = nCell;
    if( i<nOld-1 && !leafData){
      u16 sz = (u16)szNew[i];
      u8 *pTemp;
      assert( nCell<nMaxCells );
      szCell[nCell] = sz;
      pTemp = &aSpace1[iSpace1];
      iSpace1 += sz;
      assert( sz<=pBt->maxLocal+23 );
      assert( iSpace1 <= (int)pBt->pageSize );
      memcpy(pTemp, apDiv[i], sz);
      apCell[nCell] = pTemp+leafCorrection;
      assert( leafCorrection==0 || leafCorrection==4 );
      szCell[nCell] = szCell[nCell] - leafCorrection;
      if( !pOld->leaf ){
        assert( leafCorrection==0 );
        assert( pOld->hdrOffset==0 );
        /* The right pointer of the child page pOld becomes the left
        ** pointer of the divider cell */
        memcpy(apCell[nCell], &pOld->aData[8], 4);
      }else{
        assert( leafCorrection==4 );
        while( szCell[nCell]<4 ){
          /* Do not allow any cells smaller than 4 bytes. If a smaller cell
          ** does exist, pad it with 0x00 bytes. */
          assert( szCell[nCell]==3 || CORRUPT_DB );
          assert( apCell[nCell]==&aSpace1[iSpace1-3] || CORRUPT_DB );
          aSpace1[iSpace1++] = 0x00;
          szCell[nCell]++;
        }
      }
      nCell++;
    }
  }

  /*
  ** Figure out the number of pages needed to hold all nCell cells.
  ** Store this number in "k".  Also compute szNew[] which is the total
  ** size of all cells on the i-th page and cntNew[] which is the index
  ** in apCell[] of the cell that divides page i from page i+1.  
  ** cntNew[k] should equal nCell.
  **
  ** Values computed by this block:
  **
  **           k: The total number of sibling pages
  **    szNew[i]: Spaced used on the i-th sibling page.
  **   cntNew[i]: Index in apCell[] and szCell[] for the first cell to
  **              the right of the i-th sibling page.
  ** usableSpace: Number of bytes of space available on each sibling.
  ** 
  */
  usableSpace = pBt->usableSize - 12 + leafCorrection;
  for(subtotal=k=i=0; i<nCell; i++){
    assert( i<nMaxCells );
    subtotal += szCell[i] + 2;









    if( subtotal > usableSpace ){
      szNew[k] = subtotal - szCell[i] - 2;




      cntNew[k] = i;



      if( leafData ){ i--; }



      subtotal = 0;









      k++;












      if( k>NB+1 ){ rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT; goto balance_cleanup; }

    }
  }
  szNew[k] = subtotal;
  cntNew[k] = nCell;
  k++;

  /*
  ** The packing computed by the previous block is biased toward the siblings
  ** on the left side (siblings with smaller keys). The left siblings are
  ** always nearly full, while the right-most sibling might be nearly empty.
  ** The next block of code attempts to adjust the packing of siblings to
  ** get a better balance.
................................................................................
    int szRight = szNew[i];  /* Size of sibling on the right */
    int szLeft = szNew[i-1]; /* Size of sibling on the left */
    int r;              /* Index of right-most cell in left sibling */
    int d;              /* Index of first cell to the left of right sibling */

    r = cntNew[i-1] - 1;
    d = r + 1 - leafData;


    assert( d<nMaxCells );
    assert( r<nMaxCells );

    while( szRight==0 
       || (!bBulk && szRight+szCell[d]+2<=szLeft-(szCell[r]+2)) 
    ){



      szRight += szCell[d] + 2;
      szLeft -= szCell[r] + 2;
      cntNew[i-1]--;
      r = cntNew[i-1] - 1;
      d = r + 1 - leafData;
    }



    szNew[i] = szRight;
    szNew[i-1] = szLeft;




  }

  /* Sanity check:  For a non-corrupt database file one of the follwing
  ** must be true:
  **    (1) We found one or more cells (cntNew[0])>0), or
  **    (2) pPage is a virtual root page.  A virtual root page is when
  **        the real root page is page 1 and we are the only child of
................................................................................
    }else{
      assert( i>0 );
      rc = allocateBtreePage(pBt, &pNew, &pgno, (bBulk ? 1 : pgno), 0);
      if( rc ) goto balance_cleanup;
      zeroPage(pNew, pageFlags);
      apNew[i] = pNew;
      nNew++;
      cntOld[i] = nCell;

      /* Set the pointer-map entry for the new sibling page. */
      if( ISAUTOVACUUM ){
        ptrmapPut(pBt, pNew->pgno, PTRMAP_BTREE, pParent->pgno, &rc);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          goto balance_cleanup;
        }
................................................................................
    MemPage *pNew = apNew[0];
    u8 *aOld = pNew->aData;
    int cntOldNext = pNew->nCell + pNew->nOverflow;
    int usableSize = pBt->usableSize;
    int iNew = 0;
    int iOld = 0;

    for(i=0; i<nCell; i++){
      u8 *pCell = apCell[i];
      if( i==cntOldNext ){
        MemPage *pOld = (++iOld)<nNew ? apNew[iOld] : apOld[iOld];
        cntOldNext += pOld->nCell + pOld->nOverflow + !leafData;
        aOld = pOld->aData;
      }
      if( i==cntNew[iNew] ){
        pNew = apNew[++iNew];
................................................................................
       || pNew->pgno!=aPgno[iOld]
       || pCell<aOld
       || pCell>=&aOld[usableSize]
      ){
        if( !leafCorrection ){
          ptrmapPut(pBt, get4byte(pCell), PTRMAP_BTREE, pNew->pgno, &rc);
        }
        if( szCell[i]>pNew->minLocal ){
          ptrmapPutOvflPtr(pNew, pCell, &rc);
        }

      }
    }
  }

  /* Insert new divider cells into pParent. */
  for(i=0; i<nNew-1; i++){
    u8 *pCell;
    u8 *pTemp;
    int sz;
    MemPage *pNew = apNew[i];
    j = cntNew[i];

    assert( j<nMaxCells );

    pCell = apCell[j];
    sz = szCell[j] + leafCorrection;
    pTemp = &aOvflSpace[iOvflSpace];
    if( !pNew->leaf ){
      memcpy(&pNew->aData[8], pCell, 4);
    }else if( leafData ){
      /* If the tree is a leaf-data tree, and the siblings are leaves, 
      ** then there is no divider cell in apCell[]. Instead, the divider 
      ** cell consists of the integer key for the right-most cell of 
      ** the sibling-page assembled above only.
      */
      CellInfo info;
      j--;
      btreeParseCellPtr(pNew, apCell[j], &info);
      pCell = pTemp;
      sz = 4 + putVarint(&pCell[4], info.nKey);
      pTemp = 0;
    }else{
      pCell -= 4;
      /* Obscure case for non-leaf-data trees: If the cell at pCell was
      ** previously stored on a leaf node, and its reported size was 4
................................................................................
      ** any cell). But it is important to pass the correct size to 
      ** insertCell(), so reparse the cell now.
      **
      ** Note that this can never happen in an SQLite data file, as all
      ** cells are at least 4 bytes. It only happens in b-trees used
      ** to evaluate "IN (SELECT ...)" and similar clauses.
      */
      if( szCell[j]==4 ){
        assert(leafCorrection==4);
        sz = cellSizePtr(pParent, pCell);
      }
    }
    iOvflSpace += sz;
    assert( sz<=pBt->maxLocal+23 );
    assert( iOvflSpace <= (int)pBt->pageSize );
    insertCell(pParent, nxDiv+i, pCell, sz, pTemp, pNew->pgno, &rc);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto balance_cleanup;
................................................................................
      ** only after iPg+1 has already been updated. */
      assert( cntNew[iPg]>=cntOld[iPg] || abDone[iPg+1] );

      if( iPg==0 ){
        iNew = iOld = 0;
        nNewCell = cntNew[0];
      }else{
        iOld = iPg<nOld ? (cntOld[iPg-1] + !leafData) : nCell;
        iNew = cntNew[iPg-1] + !leafData;
        nNewCell = cntNew[iPg] - iNew;
      }

      editPage(apNew[iPg], iOld, iNew, nNewCell, apCell, szCell);

      abDone[iPg]++;
      apNew[iPg]->nFree = usableSpace-szNew[iPg];
      assert( apNew[iPg]->nOverflow==0 );
      assert( apNew[iPg]->nCell==nNewCell );
    }
  }

................................................................................
      u32 key = get4byte(&apNew[i]->aData[8]);
      ptrmapPut(pBt, key, PTRMAP_BTREE, apNew[i]->pgno, &rc);
    }
  }

  assert( pParent->isInit );
  TRACE(("BALANCE: finished: old=%d new=%d cells=%d\n",
          nOld, nNew, nCell));

  /* Free any old pages that were not reused as new pages.
  */
  for(i=nNew; i<nOld; i++){
    freePage(apOld[i], &rc);
  }

................................................................................
  }
#endif

  /*
  ** Cleanup before returning.
  */
balance_cleanup:
  sqlite3ScratchFree(apCell);
  for(i=0; i<nOld; i++){
    releasePage(apOld[i]);
  }
  for(i=0; i<nNew; i++){
    releasePage(apNew[i]);
  }

................................................................................
          pCur->pgnoRoot, nKey, nData, pPage->pgno,
          loc==0 ? "overwrite" : "new entry"));
  assert( pPage->isInit );
  newCell = pBt->pTmpSpace;
  assert( newCell!=0 );
  rc = fillInCell(pPage, newCell, pKey, nKey, pData, nData, nZero, &szNew);
  if( rc ) goto end_insert;
  assert( szNew==cellSizePtr(pPage, newCell) );
  assert( szNew <= MX_CELL_SIZE(pBt) );
  idx = pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage];
  if( loc==0 ){
    u16 szOld;
    assert( idx<pPage->nCell );
    rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPage->pDbPage);
    if( rc ){
................................................................................
    MemPage *pLeaf = pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage];
    int nCell;
    Pgno n = pCur->apPage[iCellDepth+1]->pgno;
    unsigned char *pTmp;

    pCell = findCell(pLeaf, pLeaf->nCell-1);
    if( pCell<&pLeaf->aData[4] ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    nCell = cellSizePtr(pLeaf, pCell);
    assert( MX_CELL_SIZE(pBt) >= nCell );
    pTmp = pBt->pTmpSpace;
    assert( pTmp!=0 );
    rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pLeaf->pDbPage);
    insertCell(pPage, iCellIdx, pCell-4, nCell+4, pTmp, n, &rc);
    dropCell(pLeaf, pLeaf->nCell-1, nCell, &rc);
    if( rc ) return rc;
................................................................................

    /* Check payload overflow pages
    */
    pCheck->zPfx = "On tree page %d cell %d: ";
    pCheck->v1 = iPage;
    pCheck->v2 = i;
    pCell = findCell(pPage,i);
    btreeParseCellPtr(pPage, pCell, &info);
    sz = info.nPayload;
    /* For intKey pages, check that the keys are in order.
    */
    if( pPage->intKey ){
      if( i==0 ){
        nMinKey = nMaxKey = info.nKey;
      }else if( info.nKey <= nMaxKey ){
................................................................................
    cellStart = hdr + 12 - 4*pPage->leaf;
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-02776-14802 The cell pointer array consists of K 2-byte
    ** integer offsets to the cell contents. */
    for(i=0; i<nCell; i++){
      int pc = get2byte(&data[cellStart+i*2]);
      u32 size = 65536;
      if( pc<=usableSize-4 ){
        size = cellSizePtr(pPage, &data[pc]);
      }
      if( (int)(pc+size-1)>=usableSize ){
        pCheck->zPfx = 0;
        checkAppendMsg(pCheck,
            "Corruption detected in cell %d on page %d",i,iPage);
      }else{
        btreeHeapInsert(heap, (pc<<16)|(pc+size-1));
................................................................................
}

/* 
** Mark this cursor as an incremental blob cursor.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeIncrblobCursor(BtCursor *pCur){
  pCur->curFlags |= BTCF_Incrblob;

}
#endif

/*
** Set both the "read version" (single byte at byte offset 18) and 
** "write version" (single byte at byte offset 19) fields in the database
** header to iVersion.
................................................................................
** is forced.  In other words, the value is converted into the desired
** affinity even if that results in loss of data.  This routine is
** used (for example) to implement the SQL "cast()" operator.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMemCast(Mem *pMem, u8 aff, u8 encoding){
  if( pMem->flags & MEM_Null ) return;
  switch( aff ){
    case SQLITE_AFF_NONE: {   /* Really a cast to BLOB */
      if( (pMem->flags & MEM_Blob)==0 ){
        sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(pMem, SQLITE_AFF_TEXT, encoding);
        assert( pMem->flags & MEM_Str || pMem->db->mallocFailed );
        MemSetTypeFlag(pMem, MEM_Blob);
      }else{
        pMem->flags &= ~(MEM_TypeMask&~MEM_Blob);
      }
................................................................................

/*
** Make an shallow copy of pFrom into pTo.  Prior contents of
** pTo are freed.  The pFrom->z field is not duplicated.  If
** pFrom->z is used, then pTo->z points to the same thing as pFrom->z
** and flags gets srcType (either MEM_Ephem or MEM_Static).
*/





SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMemShallowCopy(Mem *pTo, const Mem *pFrom, int srcType){
  assert( (pFrom->flags & MEM_RowSet)==0 );
  assert( pTo->db==pFrom->db );
  if( VdbeMemDynamic(pTo) ) vdbeMemClearExternAndSetNull(pTo);
  memcpy(pTo, pFrom, MEMCELLSIZE);
  if( (pFrom->flags&MEM_Static)==0 ){
    pTo->flags &= ~(MEM_Dyn|MEM_Static|MEM_Ephem);
    assert( srcType==MEM_Ephem || srcType==MEM_Static );
    pTo->flags |= srcType;
  }
}
................................................................................
** pMem->zMalloc space will be allocated if necessary.  The calling routine
** is responsible for making sure that the pMem object is eventually
** destroyed.
**
** If this routine fails for any reason (malloc returns NULL or unable
** to read from the disk) then the pMem is left in an inconsistent state.
*/


























SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemFromBtree(
  BtCursor *pCur,   /* Cursor pointing at record to retrieve. */
  u32 offset,       /* Offset from the start of data to return bytes from. */
  u32 amt,          /* Number of bytes to return. */
  int key,          /* If true, retrieve from the btree key, not data. */
  Mem *pMem         /* OUT: Return data in this Mem structure. */
){
................................................................................
  assert( zData!=0 );

  if( offset+amt<=available ){
    pMem->z = &zData[offset];
    pMem->flags = MEM_Blob|MEM_Ephem;
    pMem->n = (int)amt;
  }else{
    pMem->flags = MEM_Null;
    if( SQLITE_OK==(rc = sqlite3VdbeMemClearAndResize(pMem, amt+2)) ){
      if( key ){
        rc = sqlite3BtreeKey(pCur, offset, amt, pMem->z);
      }else{
        rc = sqlite3BtreeData(pCur, offset, amt, pMem->z);
      }
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        pMem->z[amt] = 0;
        pMem->z[amt+1] = 0;
        pMem->flags = MEM_Blob|MEM_Term;
        pMem->n = (int)amt;
      }else{
        sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(pMem);
      }
    }
  }

  return rc;
}

/*
** The pVal argument is known to be a value other than NULL.
................................................................................
    if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) ){
      sqlite3VdbeMemSetInt64(pVal, (i64)pExpr->u.iValue*negInt);
    }else{
      zVal = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s%s", zNeg, pExpr->u.zToken);
      if( zVal==0 ) goto no_mem;
      sqlite3ValueSetStr(pVal, -1, zVal, SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_DYNAMIC);
    }
    if( (op==TK_INTEGER || op==TK_FLOAT ) && affinity==SQLITE_AFF_NONE ){
      sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(pVal, SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC, SQLITE_UTF8);
    }else{
      sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(pVal, affinity, SQLITE_UTF8);
    }
    if( pVal->flags & (MEM_Int|MEM_Real) ) pVal->flags &= ~MEM_Str;
    if( enc!=SQLITE_UTF8 ){
      rc = sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(pVal, enc);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ValueFree(sqlite3_value *v){
  if( !v ) return;
  sqlite3VdbeMemRelease((Mem *)v);
  sqlite3DbFree(((Mem*)v)->db, v);
}

/*
** Return the number of bytes in the sqlite3_value object assuming
** that it uses the encoding "enc"

*/



SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ValueBytes(sqlite3_value *pVal, u8 enc){
  Mem *p = (Mem*)pVal;




  if( (p->flags & MEM_Blob)!=0 || sqlite3ValueText(pVal, enc) ){
    if( p->flags & MEM_Zero ){
      return p->n + p->u.nZero;
    }else{
      return p->n;
    }
  }
  return 0;

}

/************** End of vdbemem.c *********************************************/
/************** Begin file vdbeaux.c *****************************************/
/*
** 2003 September 6
**
................................................................................
  const char *zP4,    /* The P4 operand */
  int p4type          /* P4 operand type */
){
  int addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(p, op, p1, p2, p3);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(p, addr, zP4, p4type);
  return addr;
}


















/*
** Add an OP_ParseSchema opcode.  This routine is broken out from
** sqlite3VdbeAddOp4() since it needs to also needs to mark all btrees
** as having been used.
**
** The zWhere string must have been obtained from sqlite3_malloc().
................................................................................
**
**   *  OP_Halt with P1=SQLITE_CONSTRAINT and P2=OE_Abort.
**   *  OP_HaltIfNull with P1=SQLITE_CONSTRAINT and P2=OE_Abort.
**   *  OP_Destroy
**   *  OP_VUpdate
**   *  OP_VRename
**   *  OP_FkCounter with P2==0 (immediate foreign key constraint)

**
** Then check that the value of Parse.mayAbort is true if an
** ABORT may be thrown, or false otherwise. Return true if it does
** match, or false otherwise. This function is intended to be used as
** part of an assert statement in the compiler. Similar to:
**
**   assert( sqlite3VdbeAssertMayAbort(pParse->pVdbe, pParse->mayAbort) );
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAssertMayAbort(Vdbe *v, int mayAbort){
  int hasAbort = 0;
  int hasFkCounter = 0;


  Op *pOp;
  VdbeOpIter sIter;
  memset(&sIter, 0, sizeof(sIter));
  sIter.v = v;

  while( (pOp = opIterNext(&sIter))!=0 ){
    int opcode = pOp->opcode;
................................................................................
    if( opcode==OP_Destroy || opcode==OP_VUpdate || opcode==OP_VRename 
     || ((opcode==OP_Halt || opcode==OP_HaltIfNull) 
      && ((pOp->p1&0xff)==SQLITE_CONSTRAINT && pOp->p2==OE_Abort))
    ){
      hasAbort = 1;
      break;
    }


#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
    if( opcode==OP_FkCounter && pOp->p1==0 && pOp->p2==1 ){
      hasFkCounter = 1;
    }
#endif
  }
  sqlite3DbFree(v->db, sIter.apSub);

  /* Return true if hasAbort==mayAbort. Or if a malloc failure occurred.
  ** If malloc failed, then the while() loop above may not have iterated
  ** through all opcodes and hasAbort may be set incorrectly. Return
  ** true for this case to prevent the assert() in the callers frame
  ** from failing.  */
  return ( v->db->mallocFailed || hasAbort==mayAbort || hasFkCounter );

}
#endif /* SQLITE_DEBUG - the sqlite3AssertMayAbort() function */

/*
** Loop through the program looking for P2 values that are negative
** on jump instructions.  Each such value is a label.  Resolve the
** label by setting the P2 value to its correct non-zero value.
................................................................................
}
#endif

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE) && SQLITE_THREADSAFE>0
/*
** Unlock all of the btrees previously locked by a call to sqlite3VdbeEnter().
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeLeave(Vdbe *p){
  int i;
  sqlite3 *db;
  Db *aDb;
  int nDb;
  if( DbMaskAllZero(p->lockMask) ) return;  /* The common case */
  db = p->db;
  aDb = db->aDb;
  nDb = db->nDb;
  for(i=0; i<nDb; i++){
    if( i!=1 && DbMaskTest(p->lockMask,i) && ALWAYS(aDb[i].pBt!=0) ){
      sqlite3BtreeLeave(aDb[i].pBt);
    }
  }




}
#endif

#if defined(VDBE_PROFILE) || defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
/*
** Print a single opcode.  This routine is used for debugging only.
*/
................................................................................
**    is not possible.  Note that the integer representation is
**    always preferred, even if the affinity is REAL, because
**    an integer representation is more space efficient on disk.
**
** SQLITE_AFF_TEXT:
**    Convert pRec to a text representation.
**
** SQLITE_AFF_NONE:
**    No-op.  pRec is unchanged.
*/
static void applyAffinity(
  Mem *pRec,          /* The value to apply affinity to */
  char affinity,      /* The affinity to be applied */
  u8 enc              /* Use this text encoding */
){
................................................................................
  assert( p->explain==0 );
  p->pResultSet = 0;
  db->busyHandler.nBusy = 0;
  if( db->u1.isInterrupted ) goto abort_due_to_interrupt;
  sqlite3VdbeIOTraceSql(p);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_PROGRESS_CALLBACK
  if( db->xProgress ){

    assert( 0 < db->nProgressOps );
    nProgressLimit = (unsigned)p->aCounter[SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_VM_STEP];
    if( nProgressLimit==0 ){
      nProgressLimit = db->nProgressOps;
    }else{
      nProgressLimit %= (unsigned)db->nProgressOps;
    }
  }
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc();
  if( p->pc==0
   && (p->db->flags & (SQLITE_VdbeListing|SQLITE_VdbeEQP|SQLITE_VdbeTrace))!=0
  ){
................................................................................
** <li value="100"> INTEGER
** <li value="101"> REAL
** </ul>
**
** A NULL value is not changed by this routine.  It remains NULL.
*/
case OP_Cast: {                  /* in1 */
  assert( pOp->p2>=SQLITE_AFF_NONE && pOp->p2<=SQLITE_AFF_REAL );
  testcase( pOp->p2==SQLITE_AFF_TEXT );
  testcase( pOp->p2==SQLITE_AFF_NONE );
  testcase( pOp->p2==SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC );
  testcase( pOp->p2==SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER );
  testcase( pOp->p2==SQLITE_AFF_REAL );
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  memAboutToChange(p, pIn1);
  rc = ExpandBlob(pIn1);
  sqlite3VdbeMemCast(pIn1, pOp->p2, encoding);
................................................................................
** P4 may be a string that is P2 characters long.  The nth character of the
** string indicates the column affinity that should be used for the nth
** field of the index key.
**
** The mapping from character to affinity is given by the SQLITE_AFF_
** macros defined in sqliteInt.h.
**
** If P4 is NULL then all index fields have the affinity NONE.
*/
case OP_MakeRecord: {
  u8 *zNewRecord;        /* A buffer to hold the data for the new record */
  Mem *pRec;             /* The new record */
  u64 nData;             /* Number of bytes of data space */
  int nHdr;              /* Number of bytes of header space */
  i64 nByte;             /* Data space required for this record */
................................................................................
*/
case OP_Close: {
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  sqlite3VdbeFreeCursor(p, p->apCsr[pOp->p1]);
  p->apCsr[pOp->p1] = 0;
  break;
}





















/* Opcode: SeekGE P1 P2 P3 P4 *
** Synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]
**
** If cursor P1 refers to an SQL table (B-Tree that uses integer keys), 
** use the value in register P3 as the key.  If cursor P1 refers 
** to an SQL index, then P3 is the first in an array of P4 registers 
................................................................................
        if( ExprHasProperty(pItem->pExpr, EP_Agg) ){
          sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "aggregate functions are not allowed in "
              "the GROUP BY clause");
          return WRC_Abort;
        }
      }
    }








    /* Advance to the next term of the compound
    */
    p = p->pPrior;
    nCompound++;
  }

................................................................................
  if( aff1 && aff2 ){
    /* Both sides of the comparison are columns. If one has numeric
    ** affinity, use that. Otherwise use no affinity.
    */
    if( sqlite3IsNumericAffinity(aff1) || sqlite3IsNumericAffinity(aff2) ){
      return SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC;
    }else{
      return SQLITE_AFF_NONE;
    }
  }else if( !aff1 && !aff2 ){
    /* Neither side of the comparison is a column.  Compare the
    ** results directly.
    */
    return SQLITE_AFF_NONE;
  }else{
    /* One side is a column, the other is not. Use the columns affinity. */
    assert( aff1==0 || aff2==0 );
    return (aff1 + aff2);
  }
}

................................................................................
  assert( pExpr->pLeft );
  aff = sqlite3ExprAffinity(pExpr->pLeft);
  if( pExpr->pRight ){
    aff = sqlite3CompareAffinity(pExpr->pRight, aff);
  }else if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
    aff = sqlite3CompareAffinity(pExpr->x.pSelect->pEList->a[0].pExpr, aff);
  }else if( !aff ){
    aff = SQLITE_AFF_NONE;
  }
  return aff;
}

/*
** pExpr is a comparison expression, eg. '=', '<', IN(...) etc.
** idx_affinity is the affinity of an indexed column. Return true
** if the index with affinity idx_affinity may be used to implement
** the comparison in pExpr.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IndexAffinityOk(Expr *pExpr, char idx_affinity){
  char aff = comparisonAffinity(pExpr);
  switch( aff ){
    case SQLITE_AFF_NONE:
      return 1;
    case SQLITE_AFF_TEXT:
      return idx_affinity==SQLITE_AFF_TEXT;
    default:
      return sqlite3IsNumericAffinity(idx_affinity);
  }
}
................................................................................
    pNewItem->jointype = pOldItem->jointype;
    pNewItem->iCursor = pOldItem->iCursor;
    pNewItem->addrFillSub = pOldItem->addrFillSub;
    pNewItem->regReturn = pOldItem->regReturn;
    pNewItem->isCorrelated = pOldItem->isCorrelated;
    pNewItem->viaCoroutine = pOldItem->viaCoroutine;
    pNewItem->isRecursive = pOldItem->isRecursive;
    pNewItem->zIndex = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pOldItem->zIndex);
    pNewItem->notIndexed = pOldItem->notIndexed;
    pNewItem->pIndex = pOldItem->pIndex;
    pTab = pNewItem->pTab = pOldItem->pTab;
    if( pTab ){
      pTab->nRef++;
    }
    pNewItem->pSelect = sqlite3SelectDup(db, pOldItem->pSelect, flags);
................................................................................
** Walker.eCode value determines the type of "constant" we are looking
** for.
**
** These callback routines are used to implement the following:
**
**     sqlite3ExprIsConstant()                  pWalker->eCode==1
**     sqlite3ExprIsConstantNotJoin()           pWalker->eCode==2
**     sqlite3ExprRefOneTableOnly()             pWalker->eCode==3
**     sqlite3ExprIsConstantOrFunction()        pWalker->eCode==4 or 5
**
** In all cases, the callbacks set Walker.eCode=0 and abort if the expression
** is found to not be a constant.
**
** The sqlite3ExprIsConstantOrFunction() is used for evaluating expressions
** in a CREATE TABLE statement.  The Walker.eCode value is 5 when parsing
................................................................................
** an ON or USING clause.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprIsConstantNotJoin(Expr *p){
  return exprIsConst(p, 2, 0);
}

/*
** Walk an expression tree.  Return non-zero if the expression constant
** for any single row of the table with cursor iCur.  In other words, the
** expression must not refer to any non-deterministic function nor any
** table other than iCur.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprIsTableConstant(Expr *p, int iCur){
  return exprIsConst(p, 3, iCur);
}
................................................................................
** This routine is used to determine if the OP_Affinity operation
** can be omitted.  When in doubt return FALSE.  A false negative
** is harmless.  A false positive, however, can result in the wrong
** answer.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprNeedsNoAffinityChange(const Expr *p, char aff){
  u8 op;
  if( aff==SQLITE_AFF_NONE ) return 1;
  while( p->op==TK_UPLUS || p->op==TK_UMINUS ){ p = p->pLeft; }
  op = p->op;
  if( op==TK_REGISTER ) op = p->op2;
  switch( op ){
    case TK_INTEGER: {
      return aff==SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER || aff==SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC;
    }
................................................................................
        */
        int i;
        ExprList *pList = pExpr->x.pList;
        struct ExprList_item *pItem;
        int r1, r2, r3;

        if( !affinity ){
          affinity = SQLITE_AFF_NONE;
        }
        if( pKeyInfo ){
          assert( sqlite3KeyInfoIsWriteable(pKeyInfo) );
          pKeyInfo->aColl[0] = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
        }

        /* Loop through each expression in <exprlist>. */
................................................................................
  }
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r1);
  sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse);
  VdbeComment((v, "end IN expr"));
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY */

/*
** Duplicate an 8-byte value
*/
static char *dup8bytes(Vdbe *v, const char *in){
  char *out = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(sqlite3VdbeDb(v), 8);
  if( out ){
    memcpy(out, in, 8);
  }
  return out;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
/*
** Generate an instruction that will put the floating point
** value described by z[0..n-1] into register iMem.
**
** The z[] string will probably not be zero-terminated.  But the 
** z[n] character is guaranteed to be something that does not look
** like the continuation of the number.
*/
static void codeReal(Vdbe *v, const char *z, int negateFlag, int iMem){
  if( ALWAYS(z!=0) ){
    double value;
    char *zV;
    sqlite3AtoF(z, &value, sqlite3Strlen30(z), SQLITE_UTF8);
    assert( !sqlite3IsNaN(value) ); /* The new AtoF never returns NaN */
    if( negateFlag ) value = -value;
    zV = dup8bytes(v, (char*)&value);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Real, 0, iMem, 0, zV, P4_REAL);
  }
}
#endif


/*
** Generate an instruction that will put the integer describe by
................................................................................
  }else{
    int c;
    i64 value;
    const char *z = pExpr->u.zToken;
    assert( z!=0 );
    c = sqlite3DecOrHexToI64(z, &value);
    if( c==0 || (c==2 && negFlag) ){
      char *zV;
      if( negFlag ){ value = c==2 ? SMALLEST_INT64 : -value; }
      zV = dup8bytes(v, (char*)&value);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Int64, 0, iMem, 0, zV, P4_INT64);
    }else{
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "oversized integer: %s%s", negFlag ? "-" : "", z);
#else
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_HEX_INTEGER
      if( sqlite3_strnicmp(z,"0x",2)==0 ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "hex literal too big: %s", z);
................................................................................
      }

      /* The UNLIKELY() function is a no-op.  The result is the value
      ** of the first argument.
      */
      if( pDef->funcFlags & SQLITE_FUNC_UNLIKELY ){
        assert( nFarg>=1 );
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pFarg->a[0].pExpr, target);
        break;
      }

      for(i=0; i<nFarg; i++){
        if( i<32 && sqlite3ExprIsConstant(pFarg->a[i].pExpr) ){
          testcase( i==31 );
          constMask |= MASKBIT32(i);
................................................................................
  assert( pExpr->op!=TK_REGISTER );
  sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pExpr, target);
  iMem = ++pParse->nMem;
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Copy, target, iMem);
  exprToRegister(pExpr, iMem);
}

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
/*
** Generate a human-readable explanation of an expression tree.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3TreeViewExpr(TreeView *pView, const Expr *pExpr, u8 moreToFollow){
  const char *zBinOp = 0;   /* Binary operator */
  const char *zUniOp = 0;   /* Unary operator */
  pView = sqlite3TreeViewPush(pView, moreToFollow);
  if( pExpr==0 ){
    sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "nil");
    sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
    return;
  }
  switch( pExpr->op ){
    case TK_AGG_COLUMN: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "AGG{%d:%d}",
            pExpr->iTable, pExpr->iColumn);
      break;
    }
    case TK_COLUMN: {
      if( pExpr->iTable<0 ){
        /* This only happens when coding check constraints */
        sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "COLUMN(%d)", pExpr->iColumn);
      }else{
        sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "{%d:%d}",
                             pExpr->iTable, pExpr->iColumn);
      }
      break;
    }
    case TK_INTEGER: {
      if( pExpr->flags & EP_IntValue ){
        sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "%d", pExpr->u.iValue);
      }else{
        sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "%s", pExpr->u.zToken);
      }
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
    case TK_FLOAT: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView,"%s", pExpr->u.zToken);
      break;
    }
#endif
    case TK_STRING: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView,"%Q", pExpr->u.zToken);
      break;
    }
    case TK_NULL: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView,"NULL");
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BLOB_LITERAL
    case TK_BLOB: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView,"%s", pExpr->u.zToken);
      break;
    }
#endif
    case TK_VARIABLE: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView,"VARIABLE(%s,%d)",
                          pExpr->u.zToken, pExpr->iColumn);
      break;
    }
    case TK_REGISTER: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView,"REGISTER(%d)", pExpr->iTable);
      break;
    }
    case TK_AS: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView,"AS %Q", pExpr->u.zToken);
      sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pExpr->pLeft, 0);
      break;
    }
    case TK_ID: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView,"ID \"%w\"", pExpr->u.zToken);
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
    case TK_CAST: {
      /* Expressions of the form:   CAST(pLeft AS token) */
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView,"CAST %Q", pExpr->u.zToken);
      sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pExpr->pLeft, 0);
      break;
    }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_CAST */
    case TK_LT:      zBinOp = "LT";     break;
    case TK_LE:      zBinOp = "LE";     break;
    case TK_GT:      zBinOp = "GT";     break;
    case TK_GE:      zBinOp = "GE";     break;
    case TK_NE:      zBinOp = "NE";     break;
    case TK_EQ:      zBinOp = "EQ";     break;
    case TK_IS:      zBinOp = "IS";     break;
    case TK_ISNOT:   zBinOp = "ISNOT";  break;
    case TK_AND:     zBinOp = "AND";    break;
    case TK_OR:      zBinOp = "OR";     break;
    case TK_PLUS:    zBinOp = "ADD";    break;
    case TK_STAR:    zBinOp = "MUL";    break;
    case TK_MINUS:   zBinOp = "SUB";    break;
    case TK_REM:     zBinOp = "REM";    break;
    case TK_BITAND:  zBinOp = "BITAND"; break;
    case TK_BITOR:   zBinOp = "BITOR";  break;
    case TK_SLASH:   zBinOp = "DIV";    break;
    case TK_LSHIFT:  zBinOp = "LSHIFT"; break;
    case TK_RSHIFT:  zBinOp = "RSHIFT"; break;
    case TK_CONCAT:  zBinOp = "CONCAT"; break;
    case TK_DOT:     zBinOp = "DOT";    break;

    case TK_UMINUS:  zUniOp = "UMINUS"; break;
    case TK_UPLUS:   zUniOp = "UPLUS";  break;
    case TK_BITNOT:  zUniOp = "BITNOT"; break;
    case TK_NOT:     zUniOp = "NOT";    break;
    case TK_ISNULL:  zUniOp = "ISNULL"; break;
    case TK_NOTNULL: zUniOp = "NOTNULL"; break;

    case TK_COLLATE: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "COLLATE %Q", pExpr->u.zToken);
      sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pExpr->pLeft, 0);
      break;
    }

    case TK_AGG_FUNCTION:
    case TK_FUNCTION: {
      ExprList *pFarg;       /* List of function arguments */
      if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly) ){
        pFarg = 0;
      }else{
        pFarg = pExpr->x.pList;
      }
      if( pExpr->op==TK_AGG_FUNCTION ){
        sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "AGG_FUNCTION%d %Q",
                             pExpr->op2, pExpr->u.zToken);
      }else{
        sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "FUNCTION %Q", pExpr->u.zToken);
      }
      if( pFarg ){
        sqlite3TreeViewExprList(pView, pFarg, 0, 0);
      }
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
    case TK_EXISTS: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "EXISTS-expr");
      sqlite3TreeViewSelect(pView, pExpr->x.pSelect, 0);
      break;
    }
    case TK_SELECT: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "SELECT-expr");
      sqlite3TreeViewSelect(pView, pExpr->x.pSelect, 0);
      break;
    }
    case TK_IN: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "IN");
      sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pExpr->pLeft, 1);
      if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
        sqlite3TreeViewSelect(pView, pExpr->x.pSelect, 0);
      }else{
        sqlite3TreeViewExprList(pView, pExpr->x.pList, 0, 0);
      }
      break;
    }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY */

    /*
    **    x BETWEEN y AND z
    **
    ** This is equivalent to
    **
    **    x>=y AND x<=z
    **
    ** X is stored in pExpr->pLeft.
    ** Y is stored in pExpr->pList->a[0].pExpr.
    ** Z is stored in pExpr->pList->a[1].pExpr.
    */
    case TK_BETWEEN: {
      Expr *pX = pExpr->pLeft;
      Expr *pY = pExpr->x.pList->a[0].pExpr;
      Expr *pZ = pExpr->x.pList->a[1].pExpr;
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "BETWEEN");
      sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pX, 1);
      sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pY, 1);
      sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pZ, 0);
      break;
    }
    case TK_TRIGGER: {
      /* If the opcode is TK_TRIGGER, then the expression is a reference
      ** to a column in the new.* or old.* pseudo-tables available to
      ** trigger programs. In this case Expr.iTable is set to 1 for the
      ** new.* pseudo-table, or 0 for the old.* pseudo-table. Expr.iColumn
      ** is set to the column of the pseudo-table to read, or to -1 to
      ** read the rowid field.
      */
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "%s(%d)", 
          pExpr->iTable ? "NEW" : "OLD", pExpr->iColumn);
      break;
    }
    case TK_CASE: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "CASE");
      sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pExpr->pLeft, 1);
      sqlite3TreeViewExprList(pView, pExpr->x.pList, 0, 0);
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
    case TK_RAISE: {
      const char *zType = "unk";
      switch( pExpr->affinity ){
        case OE_Rollback:   zType = "rollback";  break;
        case OE_Abort:      zType = "abort";     break;
        case OE_Fail:       zType = "fail";      break;
        case OE_Ignore:     zType = "ignore";    break;
      }
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "RAISE %s(%Q)", zType, pExpr->u.zToken);
      break;
    }
#endif
    default: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "op=%d", pExpr->op);
      break;
    }
  }
  if( zBinOp ){
    sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "%s", zBinOp);
    sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pExpr->pLeft, 1);
    sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pExpr->pRight, 0);
  }else if( zUniOp ){
    sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "%s", zUniOp);
    sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pExpr->pLeft, 0);
  }
  sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_DEBUG */

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
/*
** Generate a human-readable explanation of an expression list.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3TreeViewExprList(
  TreeView *pView,
  const ExprList *pList,
  u8 moreToFollow,
  const char *zLabel
){
  int i;
  pView = sqlite3TreeViewPush(pView, moreToFollow);
  if( zLabel==0 || zLabel[0]==0 ) zLabel = "LIST";
  if( pList==0 ){
    sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "%s (empty)", zLabel);
  }else{
    sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "%s", zLabel);
    for(i=0; i<pList->nExpr; i++){
      sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pList->a[i].pExpr, i<pList->nExpr-1);
#if 0
     if( pList->a[i].zName ){
        sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, " AS %s", pList->a[i].zName);
      }
      if( pList->a[i].bSpanIsTab ){
        sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, " (%s)", pList->a[i].zSpan);
      }
#endif
    }
  }
  sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_DEBUG */

/*
** Generate code that pushes the value of every element of the given
** expression list into a sequence of registers beginning at target.
**
** Return the number of elements evaluated.
**
** The SQLITE_ECEL_DUP flag prevents the arguments from being
................................................................................
      }
      break;
    }
  }
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regFree1);
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regFree2);
}
















/*
** Do a deep comparison of two expression trees.  Return 0 if the two
** expressions are completely identical.  Return 1 if they differ only
** by a COLLATE operator at the top level.  Return 2 if there are differences
** other than the top-level COLLATE operator.
**
................................................................................

  /* Ensure the default expression is something that sqlite3ValueFromExpr()
  ** can handle (i.e. not CURRENT_TIME etc.)
  */
  if( pDflt ){
    sqlite3_value *pVal = 0;
    int rc;
    rc = sqlite3ValueFromExpr(db, pDflt, SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_AFF_NONE, &pVal);
    assert( rc==SQLITE_OK || rc==SQLITE_NOMEM );
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      db->mallocFailed = 1;
      return;
    }
    if( !pVal ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "Cannot add a column with non-constant default");
................................................................................
  ** indices.  Hence, the record number for the table must be allocated
  ** now.
  */
  if( !db->init.busy && (v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse))!=0 ){
    int j1;
    int fileFormat;
    int reg1, reg2, reg3;
    sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 0, iDb);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
    if( isVirtual ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_VBegin);
    }
#endif

................................................................................
    p->aCol = aNew;
  }
  pCol = &p->aCol[p->nCol];
  memset(pCol, 0, sizeof(p->aCol[0]));
  pCol->zName = z;
 
  /* If there is no type specified, columns have the default affinity
  ** 'NONE'. If there is a type specified, then sqlite3AddColumnType() will
  ** be called next to set pCol->affinity correctly.
  */
  pCol->affinity = SQLITE_AFF_NONE;
  pCol->szEst = 1;
  p->nCol++;
}

/*
** This routine is called by the parser while in the middle of
** parsing a CREATE TABLE statement.  A "NOT NULL" constraint has
................................................................................
**
** Substring     | Affinity
** --------------------------------
** 'INT'         | SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER
** 'CHAR'        | SQLITE_AFF_TEXT
** 'CLOB'        | SQLITE_AFF_TEXT
** 'TEXT'        | SQLITE_AFF_TEXT
** 'BLOB'        | SQLITE_AFF_NONE
** 'REAL'        | SQLITE_AFF_REAL
** 'FLOA'        | SQLITE_AFF_REAL
** 'DOUB'        | SQLITE_AFF_REAL
**
** If none of the substrings in the above table are found,
** SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC is returned.
*/
................................................................................
      zChar = zIn;
    }else if( h==(('c'<<24)+('l'<<16)+('o'<<8)+'b') ){       /* CLOB */
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_TEXT;
    }else if( h==(('t'<<24)+('e'<<16)+('x'<<8)+'t') ){       /* TEXT */
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_TEXT;
    }else if( h==(('b'<<24)+('l'<<16)+('o'<<8)+'b')          /* BLOB */
        && (aff==SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC || aff==SQLITE_AFF_REAL) ){
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_NONE;
      if( zIn[0]=='(' ) zChar = zIn;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
    }else if( h==(('r'<<24)+('e'<<16)+('a'<<8)+'l')          /* REAL */
        && aff==SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC ){
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_REAL;
    }else if( h==(('f'<<24)+('l'<<16)+('o'<<8)+'a')          /* FLOA */
        && aff==SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC ){
................................................................................
  }
  sqlite3_snprintf(n, zStmt, "CREATE TABLE ");
  k = sqlite3Strlen30(zStmt);
  identPut(zStmt, &k, p->zName);
  zStmt[k++] = '(';
  for(pCol=p->aCol, i=0; i<p->nCol; i++, pCol++){
    static const char * const azType[] = {
        /* SQLITE_AFF_NONE    */ "",
        /* SQLITE_AFF_TEXT    */ " TEXT",
        /* SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC */ " NUM",
        /* SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER */ " INT",
        /* SQLITE_AFF_REAL    */ " REAL"
    };
    int len;
    const char *zType;

    sqlite3_snprintf(n-k, &zStmt[k], zSep);
    k += sqlite3Strlen30(&zStmt[k]);
    zSep = zSep2;
    identPut(zStmt, &k, pCol->zName);
    assert( pCol->affinity-SQLITE_AFF_NONE >= 0 );
    assert( pCol->affinity-SQLITE_AFF_NONE < ArraySize(azType) );
    testcase( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_NONE );
    testcase( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_TEXT );
    testcase( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC );
    testcase( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER );
    testcase( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_REAL );
    
    zType = azType[pCol->affinity - SQLITE_AFF_NONE];
    len = sqlite3Strlen30(zType);
    assert( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_NONE 
            || pCol->affinity==sqlite3AffinityType(zType, 0) );
    memcpy(&zStmt[k], zType, len);
    k += len;
    assert( k<=n );
  }
  sqlite3_snprintf(n-k, &zStmt[k], "%s", zEnd);
  return zStmt;
................................................................................
      int addrInsLoop;    /* Top of the loop for inserting rows */
      Table *pSelTab;     /* A table that describes the SELECT results */

      regYield = ++pParse->nMem;
      regRec = ++pParse->nMem;
      regRowid = ++pParse->nMem;
      assert(pParse->nTab==1);

      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenWrite, 1, pParse->regRoot, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_P2ISREG);
      pParse->nTab = 2;
      addrTop = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v) + 1;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_InitCoroutine, regYield, 0, addrTop);
      sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, SRT_Coroutine, regYield);
      sqlite3Select(pParse, pSelect, &dest);
................................................................................
  int i;
  struct SrcList_item *pItem;
  if( pList==0 ) return;
  for(pItem=pList->a, i=0; i<pList->nSrc; i++, pItem++){
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pItem->zDatabase);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pItem->zName);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pItem->zAlias);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pItem->zIndex);
    sqlite3DeleteTable(db, pItem->pTab);
    sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pItem->pSelect);
    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pItem->pOn);
    sqlite3IdListDelete(db, pItem->pUsing);
  }
  sqlite3DbFree(db, pList);
}
................................................................................
** Add an INDEXED BY or NOT INDEXED clause to the most recently added 
** element of the source-list passed as the second argument.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SrcListIndexedBy(Parse *pParse, SrcList *p, Token *pIndexedBy){
  assert( pIndexedBy!=0 );
  if( p && ALWAYS(p->nSrc>0) ){
    struct SrcList_item *pItem = &p->a[p->nSrc-1];
    assert( pItem->notIndexed==0 && pItem->zIndex==0 );
    if( pIndexedBy->n==1 && !pIndexedBy->z ){
      /* A "NOT INDEXED" clause was supplied. See parse.y 
      ** construct "indexed_opt" for details. */
      pItem->notIndexed = 1;
    }else{
      pItem->zIndex = sqlite3NameFromToken(pParse->db, pIndexedBy);
    }
  }
}

/*
** When building up a FROM clause in the parser, the join operator
** is initially attached to the left operand.  But the code generator
................................................................................
  int nCol;

  if( piPartIdxLabel ){
    if( pIdx->pPartIdxWhere ){
      *piPartIdxLabel = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      pParse->iPartIdxTab = iDataCur;
      sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);
      sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pIdx->pPartIdxWhere, *piPartIdxLabel, 
                         SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
    }else{
      *piPartIdxLabel = 0;
    }
  }
  nCol = (prefixOnly && pIdx->uniqNotNull) ? pIdx->nKeyCol : pIdx->nColumn;
  regBase = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nCol);
  if( pPrior && (regBase!=regPrior || pPrior->pPartIdxWhere) ) pPrior = 0;
................................................................................
  u8 matchOne;
  u8 matchSet;
  u8 noCase;
};

/*
** For LIKE and GLOB matching on EBCDIC machines, assume that every
** character is exactly one byte in size.  Also, all characters are
** able to participate in upper-case-to-lower-case mappings in EBCDIC
** whereas only characters less than 0x80 do in ASCII.
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_EBCDIC)
# define sqlite3Utf8Read(A)        (*((*A)++))
# define GlobUpperToLower(A)       A = sqlite3UpperToLower[A]
# define GlobUpperToLowerAscii(A)  A = sqlite3UpperToLower[A]
#else
# define GlobUpperToLower(A)       if( A<=0x7f ){ A = sqlite3UpperToLower[A]; }
# define GlobUpperToLowerAscii(A)  A = sqlite3UpperToLower[A]

#endif

static const struct compareInfo globInfo = { '*', '?', '[', 0 };
/* The correct SQL-92 behavior is for the LIKE operator to ignore
** case.  Thus  'a' LIKE 'A' would be true. */
static const struct compareInfo likeInfoNorm = { '%', '_',   0, 1 };
/* If SQLITE_CASE_SENSITIVE_LIKE is defined, then the LIKE operator
................................................................................
**      '%'       Matches any sequence of zero or more characters
**
***     '_'       Matches any one character
**
**      Ec        Where E is the "esc" character and c is any other
**                character, including '%', '_', and esc, match exactly c.
**
** The comments through this routine usually assume glob matching.
**
** This routine is usually quick, but can be N**2 in the worst case.
*/
static int patternCompare(
  const u8 *zPattern,              /* The glob pattern */
  const u8 *zString,               /* The string to compare against the glob */
  const struct compareInfo *pInfo, /* Information about how to do the compare */
................................................................................
  /* The GLOB operator does not have an ESCAPE clause.  And LIKE does not
  ** have the matchSet operator.  So we either have to look for one or
  ** the other, never both.  Hence the single variable matchOther is used
  ** to store the one we have to look for.
  */
  matchOther = esc ? esc : pInfo->matchSet;

  while( (c = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zPattern))!=0 ){
    if( c==matchAll ){  /* Match "*" */
      /* Skip over multiple "*" characters in the pattern.  If there
      ** are also "?" characters, skip those as well, but consume a
      ** single character of the input string for each "?" skipped */
      while( (c=sqlite3Utf8Read(&zPattern)) == matchAll
               || c == matchOne ){
        if( c==matchOne && sqlite3Utf8Read(&zString)==0 ){
          return 0;
        }
      }
      if( c==0 ){
        return 1;   /* "*" at the end of the pattern matches */
      }else if( c==matchOther ){
................................................................................
          cx = c;
        }
        while( (c2 = *(zString++))!=0 ){
          if( c2!=c && c2!=cx ) continue;
          if( patternCompare(zPattern,zString,pInfo,esc) ) return 1;
        }
      }else{
        while( (c2 = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zString))!=0 ){
          if( c2!=c ) continue;
          if( patternCompare(zPattern,zString,pInfo,esc) ) return 1;
        }
      }
      return 0;
    }
    if( c==matchOther ){
................................................................................
        }
        if( c2==0 || (seen ^ invert)==0 ){
          return 0;
        }
        continue;
      }
    }
    c2 = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zString);
    if( c==c2 ) continue;
    if( noCase && c<0x80 && c2<0x80 && sqlite3Tolower(c)==sqlite3Tolower(c2) ){
      continue;
    }
    if( c==matchOne && zPattern!=zEscaped && c2!=0 ) continue;
    return 0;
  }
................................................................................
/*
** Return a pointer to the column affinity string associated with index
** pIdx. A column affinity string has one character for each column in 
** the table, according to the affinity of the column:
**
**  Character      Column affinity
**  ------------------------------
**  'A'            NONE
**  'B'            TEXT
**  'C'            NUMERIC
**  'D'            INTEGER
**  'F'            REAL
**
** An extra 'D' is appended to the end of the string to cover the
** rowid that appears as the last column in every index.
................................................................................
  }
 
  return pIdx->zColAff;
}

/*
** Compute the affinity string for table pTab, if it has not already been
** computed.  As an optimization, omit trailing SQLITE_AFF_NONE affinities.
**
** If the affinity exists (if it is no entirely SQLITE_AFF_NONE values) and
** if iReg>0 then code an OP_Affinity opcode that will set the affinities
** for register iReg and following.  Or if affinities exists and iReg==0,
** then just set the P4 operand of the previous opcode (which should  be
** an OP_MakeRecord) to the affinity string.
**
** A column affinity string has one character per column:
**
**  Character      Column affinity
**  ------------------------------
**  'A'            NONE
**  'B'            TEXT
**  'C'            NUMERIC
**  'D'            INTEGER
**  'E'            REAL
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3TableAffinity(Vdbe *v, Table *pTab, int iReg){
  int i;
................................................................................
    }

    for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
      zColAff[i] = pTab->aCol[i].affinity;
    }
    do{
      zColAff[i--] = 0;
    }while( i>=0 && zColAff[i]==SQLITE_AFF_NONE );
    pTab->zColAff = zColAff;
  }
  i = sqlite3Strlen30(zColAff);
  if( i ){
    if( iReg ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Affinity, iReg, i, 0, zColAff, i);
    }else{
................................................................................
    iThisCur = iIdxCur+ix;
    addrUniqueOk = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);

    /* Skip partial indices for which the WHERE clause is not true */
    if( pIdx->pPartIdxWhere ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, aRegIdx[ix]);
      pParse->ckBase = regNewData+1;
      sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pIdx->pPartIdxWhere, addrUniqueOk,
                         SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
      pParse->ckBase = 0;
    }

    /* Create a record for this index entry as it should appear after
    ** the insert or update.  Store that record in the aRegIdx[ix] register
    */
    regIdx = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, pIdx->nColumn);
................................................................................
  void *(*realloc64)(void*,sqlite3_uint64);
  void (*reset_auto_extension)(void);
  void (*result_blob64)(sqlite3_context*,const void*,sqlite3_uint64,
                        void(*)(void*));
  void (*result_text64)(sqlite3_context*,const char*,sqlite3_uint64,
                         void(*)(void*), unsigned char);
  int (*strglob)(const char*,const char*);

  sqlite3_value (*value_dup)(const sqlite3_value*);
  void (*value_free)(sqlite3_value*);
};

/*
** The following macros redefine the API routines so that they are
** redirected through the global sqlite3_api structure.
**
................................................................................
  sqlite3_load_extension,
  sqlite3_malloc64,
  sqlite3_msize,
  sqlite3_realloc64,
  sqlite3_reset_auto_extension,
  sqlite3_result_blob64,
  sqlite3_result_text64,
  sqlite3_strglob



};

/*
** Attempt to load an SQLite extension library contained in the file
** zFile.  The entry point is zProc.  zProc may be 0 in which case a
** default entry point name (sqlite3_extension_init) is used.  Use
** of the default name is recommended.
................................................................................
/*
** Trace output macros
*/
#if SELECTTRACE_ENABLED
/***/ int sqlite3SelectTrace = 0;
# define SELECTTRACE(K,P,S,X)  \
  if(sqlite3SelectTrace&(K))   \
    sqlite3DebugPrintf("%*s%s.%p: ",(P)->nSelectIndent*2-2,"",(S)->zSelName,(S)),\

    sqlite3DebugPrintf X
#else
# define SELECTTRACE(K,P,S,X)
#endif


/*
................................................................................
*/
static void setJoinExpr(Expr *p, int iTable){
  while( p ){
    ExprSetProperty(p, EP_FromJoin);
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(p, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );
    ExprSetVVAProperty(p, EP_NoReduce);
    p->iRightJoinTable = (i16)iTable;






    setJoinExpr(p->pLeft, iTable);
    p = p->pRight;
  } 
}

/*
** This routine processes the join information for a SELECT statement.
................................................................................
      case WHERE_DISTINCT_UNIQUE: {
        sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(v, pDistinct->addrTnct);
        break;
      }

      default: {
        assert( pDistinct->eTnctType==WHERE_DISTINCT_UNORDERED );
        codeDistinct(pParse, pDistinct->tabTnct, iContinue, nResultCol, regResult);

        break;
      }
    }
    if( pSort==0 ){
      codeOffset(v, p->iOffset, iContinue);
    }
  }
................................................................................
      if( eDest==SRT_DistFifo ){
        /* If the destination is DistFifo, then cursor (iParm+1) is open
        ** on an ephemeral index. If the current row is already present
        ** in the index, do not write it to the output. If not, add the
        ** current row to the index and proceed with writing it to the
        ** output table as well.  */
        int addr = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v) + 4;
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_Found, iParm+1, addr, r1, 0); VdbeCoverage(v);

        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxInsert, iParm+1, r1);
        assert( pSort==0 );
      }
#endif
      if( pSort ){
        pushOntoSorter(pParse, pSort, p, r1+nPrefixReg, 1, nPrefixReg);
      }else{
................................................................................
** The declaration type for any expression other than a column is NULL.
**
** This routine has either 3 or 6 parameters depending on whether or not
** the SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA compile-time option is used.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA
# define columnType(A,B,C,D,E,F) columnTypeImpl(A,B,C,D,E,F)



static const char *columnTypeImpl(
  NameContext *pNC, 
  Expr *pExpr,

  const char **pzOrigDb,
  const char **pzOrigTab,
  const char **pzOrigCol,

  u8 *pEstWidth
){




  char const *zOrigDb = 0;
  char const *zOrigTab = 0;
  char const *zOrigCol = 0;
#else /* if !defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA) */
# define columnType(A,B,C,D,E,F) columnTypeImpl(A,B,F)
static const char *columnTypeImpl(
  NameContext *pNC, 
  Expr *pExpr,
  u8 *pEstWidth
){
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA) */
  char const *zType = 0;
  int j;
  u8 estWidth = 1;

  if( NEVER(pExpr==0) || pNC->pSrcList==0 ) return 0;
  switch( pExpr->op ){
    case TK_AGG_COLUMN:
    case TK_COLUMN: {
      /* The expression is a column. Locate the table the column is being
      ** extracted from in NameContext.pSrcList. This table may be real
................................................................................

      assert( pTab && pExpr->pTab==pTab );
      if( pS ){
        /* The "table" is actually a sub-select or a view in the FROM clause
        ** of the SELECT statement. Return the declaration type and origin
        ** data for the result-set column of the sub-select.
        */
        if( iCol>=0 && iCol<pS->pEList->nExpr ){
          /* If iCol is less than zero, then the expression requests the
          ** rowid of the sub-select or view. This expression is legal (see 
          ** test case misc2.2.2) - it always evaluates to NULL.



          */
          NameContext sNC;
          Expr *p = pS->pEList->a[iCol].pExpr;
          sNC.pSrcList = pS->pSrc;
          sNC.pNext = pNC;
          sNC.pParse = pNC->pParse;
          zType = columnType(&sNC, p,&zOrigDb,&zOrigTab,&zOrigCol, &estWidth); 
................................................................................
  if( db->mallocFailed ) return;
  memset(&sNC, 0, sizeof(sNC));
  sNC.pSrcList = pSelect->pSrc;
  a = pSelect->pEList->a;
  for(i=0, pCol=pTab->aCol; i<pTab->nCol; i++, pCol++){
    p = a[i].pExpr;
    if( pCol->zType==0 ){

      pCol->zType = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, columnType(&sNC, p,0,0,0, &pCol->szEst));
    }
    szAll += pCol->szEst;
    pCol->affinity = sqlite3ExprAffinity(p);
    if( pCol->affinity==0 ) pCol->affinity = SQLITE_AFF_NONE;
    pColl = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, p);
    if( pColl && pCol->zColl==0 ){
      pCol->zColl = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pColl->zName);
    }
  }
  pTab->szTabRow = sqlite3LogEst(szAll*4);
}
................................................................................
  CollSeq *pRet;
  if( p->pPrior ){
    pRet = multiSelectCollSeq(pParse, p->pPrior, iCol);
  }else{
    pRet = 0;
  }
  assert( iCol>=0 );



  if( pRet==0 && iCol<p->pEList->nExpr ){
    pRet = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, p->pEList->a[iCol].pExpr);
  }
  return pRet;
}

/*
** The select statement passed as the second parameter is a compound SELECT
................................................................................
  SelectDest *pDest     /* What to do with query results */
);

/*
** Error message for when two or more terms of a compound select have different
** size result sets.
*/
static void selectWrongNumTermsError(Parse *pParse, Select *p){
  if( p->selFlags & SF_Values ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "all VALUES must have the same number of terms");
  }else{
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "SELECTs to the left and right of %s"
      " do not have the same number of result columns", selectOpName(p->op));
  }
}
................................................................................
*/
static int multiSelectValues(
  Parse *pParse,        /* Parsing context */
  Select *p,            /* The right-most of SELECTs to be coded */
  SelectDest *pDest     /* What to do with query results */
){
  Select *pPrior;
  int nExpr = p->pEList->nExpr;
  int nRow = 1;
  int rc = 0;
  assert( p->selFlags & SF_MultiValue );
  do{
    assert( p->selFlags & SF_Values );
    assert( p->op==TK_ALL || (p->op==TK_SELECT && p->pPrior==0) );
    assert( p->pLimit==0 );
    assert( p->pOffset==0 );
    if( p->pEList->nExpr!=nExpr ){
      selectWrongNumTermsError(pParse, p);
      return 1;
    }
    if( p->pPrior==0 ) break;
    assert( p->pPrior->pNext==p );
    p = p->pPrior;
    nRow++;
  }while(1);
  while( p ){
    pPrior = p->pPrior;
................................................................................
    goto multi_select_end;
  }

  /* Make sure all SELECTs in the statement have the same number of elements
  ** in their result sets.
  */
  assert( p->pEList && pPrior->pEList );
  if( p->pEList->nExpr!=pPrior->pEList->nExpr ){
    selectWrongNumTermsError(pParse, p);
    rc = 1;
    goto multi_select_end;
  }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CTE
  if( p->selFlags & SF_Recursive ){
    generateWithRecursiveQuery(pParse, p, &dest);
  }else
#endif

................................................................................
  ** collation.
  */
  aPermute = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, sizeof(int)*nOrderBy);
  if( aPermute ){
    struct ExprList_item *pItem;
    for(i=0, pItem=pOrderBy->a; i<nOrderBy; i++, pItem++){
      assert( pItem->u.x.iOrderByCol>0 );
      /* assert( pItem->u.x.iOrderByCol<=p->pEList->nExpr ) is also true
      ** but only for well-formed SELECT statements. */
      testcase( pItem->u.x.iOrderByCol > p->pEList->nExpr );
      aPermute[i] = pItem->u.x.iOrderByCol - 1;
    }
    pKeyMerge = multiSelectOrderByKeyInfo(pParse, p, 1);
  }else{
    pKeyMerge = 0;
  }

................................................................................
**   (8)  The subquery does not use LIMIT or the outer query is not a join.
**
**   (9)  The subquery does not use LIMIT or the outer query does not use
**        aggregates.
**
**  (**)  Restriction (10) was removed from the code on 2005-02-05 but we
**        accidently carried the comment forward until 2014-09-15.  Original
**        text: "The subquery does not use aggregates or the outer query does not
**        use LIMIT."
**
**  (11)  The subquery and the outer query do not both have ORDER BY clauses.
**
**  (**)  Not implemented.  Subsumed into restriction (3).  Was previously
**        a separate restriction deriving from ticket #350.
**
**  (13)  The subquery and outer query do not both use LIMIT.
................................................................................
    if( isAgg || (p->selFlags & SF_Distinct)!=0 || pSrc->nSrc!=1 ){
      return 0;
    }
    for(pSub1=pSub; pSub1; pSub1=pSub1->pPrior){
      testcase( (pSub1->selFlags & (SF_Distinct|SF_Aggregate))==SF_Distinct );
      testcase( (pSub1->selFlags & (SF_Distinct|SF_Aggregate))==SF_Aggregate );
      assert( pSub->pSrc!=0 );

      if( (pSub1->selFlags & (SF_Distinct|SF_Aggregate))!=0
       || (pSub1->pPrior && pSub1->op!=TK_ALL) 
       || pSub1->pSrc->nSrc<1
       || pSub->pEList->nExpr!=pSub1->pEList->nExpr
      ){
        return 0;
      }
      testcase( pSub1->pSrc->nSrc>1 );
    }

    /* Restriction 18. */
................................................................................
  /* Finially, delete what is left of the subquery and return
  ** success.
  */
  sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pSub1);

#if SELECTTRACE_ENABLED
  if( sqlite3SelectTrace & 0x100 ){
    sqlite3DebugPrintf("After flattening:\n");
    sqlite3TreeViewSelect(0, p, 0);
  }
#endif

  return 1;



































































}
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) */

/*
** Based on the contents of the AggInfo structure indicated by the first
** argument, this function checks if the following are true:
**
................................................................................
** If the source-list item passed as an argument was augmented with an
** INDEXED BY clause, then try to locate the specified index. If there
** was such a clause and the named index cannot be found, return 
** SQLITE_ERROR and leave an error in pParse. Otherwise, populate 
** pFrom->pIndex and return SQLITE_OK.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IndexedByLookup(Parse *pParse, struct SrcList_item *pFrom){
  if( pFrom->pTab && pFrom->zIndex ){
    Table *pTab = pFrom->pTab;
    char *zIndex = pFrom->zIndex;
    Index *pIdx;
    for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; 
        pIdx && sqlite3StrICmp(pIdx->zName, zIndex); 
        pIdx=pIdx->pNext
    );
    if( !pIdx ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "no such index: %s", zIndex, 0);
      pParse->checkSchema = 1;
      return SQLITE_ERROR;
    }
    pFrom->pIndex = pIdx;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
................................................................................
    p->pOrderBy = 0;
    p->selFlags &= ~SF_Distinct;
  }
  sqlite3SelectPrep(pParse, p, 0);
  memset(&sSort, 0, sizeof(sSort));
  sSort.pOrderBy = p->pOrderBy;
  pTabList = p->pSrc;
  pEList = p->pEList;
  if( pParse->nErr || db->mallocFailed ){
    goto select_end;
  }

  isAgg = (p->selFlags & SF_Aggregate)!=0;
  assert( pEList!=0 );
#if SELECTTRACE_ENABLED
  if( sqlite3SelectTrace & 0x100 ){
    SELECTTRACE(0x100,pParse,p, ("after name resolution:\n"));
    sqlite3TreeViewSelect(0, p, 0);
  }
#endif


  /* Begin generating code.
  */
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v==0 ) goto select_end;

  /* If writing to memory or generating a set
  ** only a single column may be output.
  */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
  if( checkForMultiColumnSelectError(pParse, pDest, pEList->nExpr) ){
    goto select_end;
  }
#endif














































  /* Generate code for all sub-queries in the FROM clause
  */
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW)
  for(i=0; !p->pPrior && i<pTabList->nSrc; i++){
    struct SrcList_item *pItem = &pTabList->a[i];
    SelectDest dest;
    Select *pSub = pItem->pSelect;
    int isAggSub;

    if( pSub==0 ) continue;

    /* Sometimes the code for a subquery will be generated more than
    ** once, if the subquery is part of the WHERE clause in a LEFT JOIN,
    ** for example.  In that case, do not regenerate the code to manifest
    ** a view or the co-routine to implement a view.  The first instance
    ** is sufficient, though the subroutine to manifest the view does need
................................................................................
    ** may contain expression trees of at most
    ** (SQLITE_MAX_EXPR_DEPTH-Parse.nHeight) height. This is a bit
    ** more conservative than necessary, but much easier than enforcing
    ** an exact limit.
    */
    pParse->nHeight += sqlite3SelectExprHeight(p);

    isAggSub = (pSub->selFlags & SF_Aggregate)!=0;
    if( flattenSubquery(pParse, p, i, isAgg, isAggSub) ){
      /* This subquery can be absorbed into its parent. */
      if( isAggSub ){
        isAgg = 1;
        p->selFlags |= SF_Aggregate;





      }
      i = -1;





    }else if( pTabList->nSrc==1
           && (p->selFlags & SF_All)==0
           && OptimizationEnabled(db, SQLITE_SubqCoroutine)
    ){
      /* Implement a co-routine that will return a single row of the result
      ** set on each invocation.
      */
      int addrTop = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)+1;
      pItem->regReturn = ++pParse->nMem;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_InitCoroutine, pItem->regReturn, 0, addrTop);
................................................................................
      pItem->pTab->nRowLogEst = sqlite3LogEst(pSub->nSelectRow);
      if( onceAddr ) sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, onceAddr);
      retAddr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Return, pItem->regReturn);
      VdbeComment((v, "end %s", pItem->pTab->zName));
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, topAddr, retAddr);
      sqlite3ClearTempRegCache(pParse);
    }
    if( /*pParse->nErr ||*/ db->mallocFailed ){
      goto select_end;
    }
    pParse->nHeight -= sqlite3SelectExprHeight(p);
    pTabList = p->pSrc;
    if( !IgnorableOrderby(pDest) ){
      sSort.pOrderBy = p->pOrderBy;
    }

  }


  pEList = p->pEList;
#endif
  pWhere = p->pWhere;
  pGroupBy = p->pGroupBy;
  pHaving = p->pHaving;
  sDistinct.isTnct = (p->selFlags & SF_Distinct)!=0;

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT
  /* If there is are a sequence of queries, do the earlier ones first.
  */
  if( p->pPrior ){
    rc = multiSelect(pParse, p, pDest);
    explainSetInteger(pParse->iSelectId, iRestoreSelectId);
#if SELECTTRACE_ENABLED
    SELECTTRACE(1,pParse,p,("end compound-select processing\n"));
    pParse->nSelectIndent--;
#endif
    return rc;



  }
#endif

  /* If the query is DISTINCT with an ORDER BY but is not an aggregate, and 
  ** if the select-list is the same as the ORDER BY list, then this query
  ** can be rewritten as a GROUP BY. In other words, this:
  **
................................................................................
  **
  ** The second form is preferred as a single index (or temp-table) may be 
  ** used for both the ORDER BY and DISTINCT processing. As originally 
  ** written the query must use a temp-table for at least one of the ORDER 
  ** BY and DISTINCT, and an index or separate temp-table for the other.
  */
  if( (p->selFlags & (SF_Distinct|SF_Aggregate))==SF_Distinct 
   && sqlite3ExprListCompare(sSort.pOrderBy, p->pEList, -1)==0
  ){
    p->selFlags &= ~SF_Distinct;
    p->pGroupBy = sqlite3ExprListDup(db, p->pEList, 0);
    pGroupBy = p->pGroupBy;
    /* Notice that even thought SF_Distinct has been cleared from p->selFlags,
    ** the sDistinct.isTnct is still set.  Hence, isTnct represents the
    ** original setting of the SF_Distinct flag, not the current setting */
    assert( sDistinct.isTnct );
  }

  /* If there is an ORDER BY clause, then this sorting
  ** index might end up being unused if the data can be 
  ** extracted in pre-sorted order.  If that is the case, then the
  ** OP_OpenEphemeral instruction will be changed to an OP_Noop once
  ** we figure out that the sorting index is not needed.  The addrSortIndex
  ** variable is used to facilitate that change.

  */
  if( sSort.pOrderBy ){
    KeyInfo *pKeyInfo;
    pKeyInfo = keyInfoFromExprList(pParse, sSort.pOrderBy, 0, pEList->nExpr);
    sSort.iECursor = pParse->nTab++;
    sSort.addrSortIndex =
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_OpenEphemeral,
................................................................................
  p->nSelectRow = LARGEST_INT64;
  computeLimitRegisters(pParse, p, iEnd);
  if( p->iLimit==0 && sSort.addrSortIndex>=0 ){
    sqlite3VdbeGetOp(v, sSort.addrSortIndex)->opcode = OP_SorterOpen;
    sSort.sortFlags |= SORTFLAG_UseSorter;
  }

  /* Open a virtual index to use for the distinct set.
  */
  if( p->selFlags & SF_Distinct ){
    sDistinct.tabTnct = pParse->nTab++;
    sDistinct.addrTnct = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_OpenEphemeral,
                                sDistinct.tabTnct, 0, 0,
                                (char*)keyInfoFromExprList(pParse, p->pEList,0,0),
                                P4_KEYINFO);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, BTREE_UNORDERED);
    sDistinct.eTnctType = WHERE_DISTINCT_UNORDERED;
  }else{
    sDistinct.eTnctType = WHERE_DISTINCT_NOOP;
  }

  if( !isAgg && pGroupBy==0 ){
................................................................................
        pItem->u.x.iAlias = 0;
      }
      if( p->nSelectRow>100 ) p->nSelectRow = 100;
    }else{
      p->nSelectRow = 1;
    }


    /* If there is both a GROUP BY and an ORDER BY clause and they are
    ** identical, then it may be possible to disable the ORDER BY clause 
    ** on the grounds that the GROUP BY will cause elements to come out 
    ** in the correct order. It also may not - the GROUP BY may use a
    ** database index that causes rows to be grouped together as required
    ** but not actually sorted. Either way, record the fact that the
    ** ORDER BY and GROUP BY clauses are the same by setting the orderByGrp
    ** variable.  */
    if( sqlite3ExprListCompare(pGroupBy, sSort.pOrderBy, -1)==0 ){
      orderByGrp = 1;
    }
................................................................................
      ** (b0 is memory location iBMem+0, b1 is iBMem+1, and so forth)
      ** Then compare the current GROUP BY terms against the GROUP BY terms
      ** from the previous row currently stored in a0, a1, a2...
      */
      addrTopOfLoop = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
      sqlite3ExprCacheClear(pParse);
      if( groupBySort ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_SorterData, sAggInfo.sortingIdx, sortOut,sortPTab);

      }
      for(j=0; j<pGroupBy->nExpr; j++){
        if( groupBySort ){
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, sortPTab, j, iBMem+j);
        }else{
          sAggInfo.directMode = 1;
          sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pGroupBy->a[j].pExpr, iBMem+j);
................................................................................
      */
      addrSetAbort = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 1, iAbortFlag);
      VdbeComment((v, "set abort flag"));
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Return, regOutputRow);
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrOutputRow);
      addrOutputRow = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IfPos, iUseFlag, addrOutputRow+2); VdbeCoverage(v);

      VdbeComment((v, "Groupby result generator entry point"));
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Return, regOutputRow);
      finalizeAggFunctions(pParse, &sAggInfo);
      sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pHaving, addrOutputRow+1, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
      selectInnerLoop(pParse, p, p->pEList, -1, &sSort,
                      &sDistinct, pDest,
                      addrOutputRow+1, addrSetAbort);
................................................................................
    explainTempTable(pParse, "DISTINCT");
  }

  /* If there is an ORDER BY clause, then we need to sort the results
  ** and send them to the callback one by one.
  */
  if( sSort.pOrderBy ){

    explainTempTable(pParse, sSort.nOBSat>0 ? "RIGHT PART OF ORDER BY":"ORDER BY");
    generateSortTail(pParse, p, &sSort, pEList->nExpr, pDest);
  }

  /* Jump here to skip this query
  */
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iEnd);

................................................................................
#if SELECTTRACE_ENABLED
  SELECTTRACE(1,pParse,p,("end processing\n"));
  pParse->nSelectIndent--;
#endif
  return rc;
}

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
/*
** Generate a human-readable description of a the Select object.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3TreeViewSelect(TreeView *pView, const Select *p, u8 moreToFollow){
  int n = 0;
  pView = sqlite3TreeViewPush(pView, moreToFollow);
  sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "SELECT%s%s (0x%p) selFlags=0x%x",
    ((p->selFlags & SF_Distinct) ? " DISTINCT" : ""),
    ((p->selFlags & SF_Aggregate) ? " agg_flag" : ""), p, p->selFlags
  );
  if( p->pSrc && p->pSrc->nSrc ) n++;
  if( p->pWhere ) n++;
  if( p->pGroupBy ) n++;
  if( p->pHaving ) n++;
  if( p->pOrderBy ) n++;
  if( p->pLimit ) n++;
  if( p->pOffset ) n++;
  if( p->pPrior ) n++;
  sqlite3TreeViewExprList(pView, p->pEList, (n--)>0, "result-set");
  if( p->pSrc && p->pSrc->nSrc ){
    int i;
    pView = sqlite3TreeViewPush(pView, (n--)>0);
    sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "FROM");
    for(i=0; i<p->pSrc->nSrc; i++){
      struct SrcList_item *pItem = &p->pSrc->a[i];
      StrAccum x;
      char zLine[100];
      sqlite3StrAccumInit(&x, 0, zLine, sizeof(zLine), 0);
      sqlite3XPrintf(&x, 0, "{%d,*}", pItem->iCursor);
      if( pItem->zDatabase ){
        sqlite3XPrintf(&x, 0, " %s.%s", pItem->zDatabase, pItem->zName);
      }else if( pItem->zName ){
        sqlite3XPrintf(&x, 0, " %s", pItem->zName);
      }
      if( pItem->pTab ){
        sqlite3XPrintf(&x, 0, " tabname=%Q", pItem->pTab->zName);
      }
      if( pItem->zAlias ){
        sqlite3XPrintf(&x, 0, " (AS %s)", pItem->zAlias);
      }
      if( pItem->jointype & JT_LEFT ){
        sqlite3XPrintf(&x, 0, " LEFT-JOIN");
      }
      sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&x);
      sqlite3TreeViewItem(pView, zLine, i<p->pSrc->nSrc-1); 
      if( pItem->pSelect ){
        sqlite3TreeViewSelect(pView, pItem->pSelect, 0);
      }
      sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
    }
    sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
  }
  if( p->pWhere ){
    sqlite3TreeViewItem(pView, "WHERE", (n--)>0);
    sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, p->pWhere, 0);
    sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
  }
  if( p->pGroupBy ){
    sqlite3TreeViewExprList(pView, p->pGroupBy, (n--)>0, "GROUPBY");
  }
  if( p->pHaving ){
    sqlite3TreeViewItem(pView, "HAVING", (n--)>0);
    sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, p->pHaving, 0);
    sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
  }
  if( p->pOrderBy ){
    sqlite3TreeViewExprList(pView, p->pOrderBy, (n--)>0, "ORDERBY");
  }
  if( p->pLimit ){
    sqlite3TreeViewItem(pView, "LIMIT", (n--)>0);
    sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, p->pLimit, 0);
    sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
  }
  if( p->pOffset ){
    sqlite3TreeViewItem(pView, "OFFSET", (n--)>0);
    sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, p->pOffset, 0);
    sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
  }
  if( p->pPrior ){
    const char *zOp = "UNION";
    switch( p->op ){
      case TK_ALL:         zOp = "UNION ALL";  break;
      case TK_INTERSECT:   zOp = "INTERSECT";  break;
      case TK_EXCEPT:      zOp = "EXCEPT";     break;
    }
    sqlite3TreeViewItem(pView, zOp, (n--)>0);
    sqlite3TreeViewSelect(pView, p->pPrior, 0);
    sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
  }
  sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_DEBUG */

/************** End of select.c **********************************************/
/************** Begin file table.c *******************************************/
/*
** 2001 September 15
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
................................................................................
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return rc;
}

#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

/************** End of vtab.c ************************************************/
/************** Begin file where.c *******************************************/
/*
** 2001 September 15
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This module contains C code that generates VDBE code used to process
** the WHERE clause of SQL statements.  This module is responsible for
** generating the code that loops through a table looking for applicable
** rows.  Indices are selected and used to speed the search when doing
** so is applicable.  Because this module is responsible for selecting
** indices, you might also think of this module as the "query optimizer".

*/
/************** Include whereInt.h in the middle of where.c ******************/
/************** Begin file whereInt.h ****************************************/
/*
** 2013-11-12
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
................................................................................
** a separate source file for easier editing.
*/

/*
** Trace output macros
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_TEST) || defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
/***/ int sqlite3WhereTrace = 0;
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) \
    && (defined(SQLITE_TEST) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_WHERETRACE))
# define WHERETRACE(K,X)  if(sqlite3WhereTrace&(K)) sqlite3DebugPrintf X
# define WHERETRACE_ENABLED 1
#else
# define WHERETRACE(K,X)
................................................................................
*/
#define N_OR_COST 3
struct WhereOrSet {
  u16 n;                      /* Number of valid a[] entries */
  WhereOrCost a[N_OR_COST];   /* Set of best costs */
};


/* Forward declaration of methods */
static int whereLoopResize(sqlite3*, WhereLoop*, int);

/*
** Each instance of this object holds a sequence of WhereLoop objects
** that implement some or all of a query plan.
**
** Think of each WhereLoop object as a node in a graph with arcs
** showing dependencies and costs for travelling between nodes.  (That is
** not a completely accurate description because WhereLoop costs are a
................................................................................
** no gaps.
*/
struct WhereMaskSet {
  int n;                        /* Number of assigned cursor values */
  int ix[BMS];                  /* Cursor assigned to each bit */
};






/*
** This object is a convenience wrapper holding all information needed
** to construct WhereLoop objects for a particular query.
*/
struct WhereLoopBuilder {
  WhereInfo *pWInfo;        /* Information about this WHERE */
  WhereClause *pWC;         /* WHERE clause terms */
................................................................................
  int iBreak;               /* Jump here to break out of the loop */
  int savedNQueryLoop;      /* pParse->nQueryLoop outside the WHERE loop */
  int aiCurOnePass[2];      /* OP_OpenWrite cursors for the ONEPASS opt */
  WhereMaskSet sMaskSet;    /* Map cursor numbers to bitmasks */
  WhereClause sWC;          /* Decomposition of the WHERE clause */
  WhereLevel a[1];          /* Information about each nest loop in WHERE */
};

























































/*
** Bitmasks for the operators on WhereTerm objects.  These are all
** operators that are of interest to the query planner.  An
** OR-ed combination of these values can be used when searching for
** particular WhereTerms within a WhereClause.
*/
................................................................................
#define WHERE_MULTI_OR     0x00002000  /* OR using multiple indices */
#define WHERE_AUTO_INDEX   0x00004000  /* Uses an ephemeral index */
#define WHERE_SKIPSCAN     0x00008000  /* Uses the skip-scan algorithm */
#define WHERE_UNQ_WANTED   0x00010000  /* WHERE_ONEROW would have been helpful*/
#define WHERE_PARTIALIDX   0x00020000  /* The automatic index is partial */

/************** End of whereInt.h ********************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in where.c **********************/

/*
** Return the estimated number of output rows from a WHERE clause
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE u64 sqlite3WhereOutputRowCount(WhereInfo *pWInfo){
  return sqlite3LogEstToInt(pWInfo->nRowOut);
}

/*
** Return one of the WHERE_DISTINCT_xxxxx values to indicate how this
** WHERE clause returns outputs for DISTINCT processing.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WhereIsDistinct(WhereInfo *pWInfo){
  return pWInfo->eDistinct;
}

/*
** Return TRUE if the WHERE clause returns rows in ORDER BY order.
** Return FALSE if the output needs to be sorted.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WhereIsOrdered(WhereInfo *pWInfo){
  return pWInfo->nOBSat;
}

/*
** Return the VDBE address or label to jump to in order to continue
** immediately with the next row of a WHERE clause.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WhereContinueLabel(WhereInfo *pWInfo){
  assert( pWInfo->iContinue!=0 );
  return pWInfo->iContinue;
}

/*
** Return the VDBE address or label to jump to in order to break
** out of a WHERE loop.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WhereBreakLabel(WhereInfo *pWInfo){
  return pWInfo->iBreak;
}

/*
** Return TRUE if an UPDATE or DELETE statement can operate directly on
** the rowids returned by a WHERE clause.  Return FALSE if doing an
** UPDATE or DELETE might change subsequent WHERE clause results.
**
** If the ONEPASS optimization is used (if this routine returns true)
** then also write the indices of open cursors used by ONEPASS
** into aiCur[0] and aiCur[1].  iaCur[0] gets the cursor of the data
** table and iaCur[1] gets the cursor used by an auxiliary index.
** Either value may be -1, indicating that cursor is not used.
** Any cursors returned will have been opened for writing.
**
** aiCur[0] and aiCur[1] both get -1 if the where-clause logic is
** unable to use the ONEPASS optimization.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WhereOkOnePass(WhereInfo *pWInfo, int *aiCur){
  memcpy(aiCur, pWInfo->aiCurOnePass, sizeof(int)*2);
  return pWInfo->okOnePass;
}

/*
** Move the content of pSrc into pDest
*/
static void whereOrMove(WhereOrSet *pDest, WhereOrSet *pSrc){
  pDest->n = pSrc->n;
  memcpy(pDest->a, pSrc->a, pDest->n*sizeof(pDest->a[0]));
}

/*
** Try to insert a new prerequisite/cost entry into the WhereOrSet pSet.
**
** The new entry might overwrite an existing entry, or it might be
** appended, or it might be discarded.  Do whatever is the right thing
** so that pSet keeps the N_OR_COST best entries seen so far.
*/
static int whereOrInsert(
  WhereOrSet *pSet,      /* The WhereOrSet to be updated */
  Bitmask prereq,        /* Prerequisites of the new entry */
  LogEst rRun,           /* Run-cost of the new entry */
  LogEst nOut            /* Number of outputs for the new entry */
){
  u16 i;
  WhereOrCost *p;
  for(i=pSet->n, p=pSet->a; i>0; i--, p++){
    if( rRun<=p->rRun && (prereq & p->prereq)==prereq ){
      goto whereOrInsert_done;
    }
    if( p->rRun<=rRun && (p->prereq & prereq)==p->prereq ){
      return 0;
    }
  }
  if( pSet->n<N_OR_COST ){
    p = &pSet->a[pSet->n++];
    p->nOut = nOut;
  }else{
    p = pSet->a;
    for(i=1; i<pSet->n; i++){
      if( p->rRun>pSet->a[i].rRun ) p = pSet->a + i;
    }
    if( p->rRun<=rRun ) return 0;
  }
whereOrInsert_done:
  p->prereq = prereq;
  p->rRun = rRun;
  if( p->nOut>nOut ) p->nOut = nOut;
  return 1;
}

/*
** Initialize a preallocated WhereClause structure.
*/
static void whereClauseInit(
  WhereClause *pWC,        /* The WhereClause to be initialized */
  WhereInfo *pWInfo        /* The WHERE processing context */
){
  pWC->pWInfo = pWInfo;
  pWC->pOuter = 0;
  pWC->nTerm = 0;
  pWC->nSlot = ArraySize(pWC->aStatic);
  pWC->a = pWC->aStatic;
}

/* Forward reference */
static void whereClauseClear(WhereClause*);

/*
** Deallocate all memory associated with a WhereOrInfo object.
*/
static void whereOrInfoDelete(sqlite3 *db, WhereOrInfo *p){
  whereClauseClear(&p->wc);



































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































  sqlite3DbFree(db, p);
}

/*
** Deallocate all memory associated with a WhereAndInfo object.
*/
static void whereAndInfoDelete(sqlite3 *db, WhereAndInfo *p){
  whereClauseClear(&p->wc);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p);
}

/*
** Deallocate a WhereClause structure.  The WhereClause structure
** itself is not freed.  This routine is the inverse of whereClauseInit().
*/
static void whereClauseClear(WhereClause *pWC){
  int i;
  WhereTerm *a;
  sqlite3 *db = pWC->pWInfo->pParse->db;
  for(i=pWC->nTerm-1, a=pWC->a; i>=0; i--, a++){
    if( a->wtFlags & TERM_DYNAMIC ){
      sqlite3ExprDelete(db, a->pExpr);
    }
    if( a->wtFlags & TERM_ORINFO ){
      whereOrInfoDelete(db, a->u.pOrInfo);
    }else if( a->wtFlags & TERM_ANDINFO ){
      whereAndInfoDelete(db, a->u.pAndInfo);
    }
  }
  if( pWC->a!=pWC->aStatic ){
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pWC->a);
  }
}

/*
** Add a single new WhereTerm entry to the WhereClause object pWC.
** The new WhereTerm object is constructed from Expr p and with wtFlags.
** The index in pWC->a[] of the new WhereTerm is returned on success.
** 0 is returned if the new WhereTerm could not be added due to a memory
** allocation error.  The memory allocation failure will be recorded in
** the db->mallocFailed flag so that higher-level functions can detect it.
................................................................................
  pTerm->pExpr = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(p);
  pTerm->wtFlags = wtFlags;
  pTerm->pWC = pWC;
  pTerm->iParent = -1;
  return idx;
}

/*
** This routine identifies subexpressions in the WHERE clause where
** each subexpression is separated by the AND operator or some other
** operator specified in the op parameter.  The WhereClause structure
** is filled with pointers to subexpressions.  For example:
**
**    WHERE  a=='hello' AND coalesce(b,11)<10 AND (c+12!=d OR c==22)
**           \________/     \_______________/     \________________/
**            slot[0]            slot[1]               slot[2]
**
** The original WHERE clause in pExpr is unaltered.  All this routine
** does is make slot[] entries point to substructure within pExpr.
**
** In the previous sentence and in the diagram, "slot[]" refers to
** the WhereClause.a[] array.  The slot[] array grows as needed to contain
** all terms of the WHERE clause.
*/
static void whereSplit(WhereClause *pWC, Expr *pExpr, u8 op){
  Expr *pE2 = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pExpr);
  pWC->op = op;
  if( pE2==0 ) return;
  if( pE2->op!=op ){
    whereClauseInsert(pWC, pExpr, 0);
  }else{
    whereSplit(pWC, pE2->pLeft, op);
    whereSplit(pWC, pE2->pRight, op);
  }
}

/*
** Initialize a WhereMaskSet object
*/
#define initMaskSet(P)  (P)->n=0

/*
** Return the bitmask for the given cursor number.  Return 0 if
** iCursor is not in the set.
*/
static Bitmask getMask(WhereMaskSet *pMaskSet, int iCursor){
  int i;
  assert( pMaskSet->n<=(int)sizeof(Bitmask)*8 );
  for(i=0; i<pMaskSet->n; i++){
    if( pMaskSet->ix[i]==iCursor ){
      return MASKBIT(i);
    }
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** Create a new mask for cursor iCursor.
**
** There is one cursor per table in the FROM clause.  The number of
** tables in the FROM clause is limited by a test early in the
** sqlite3WhereBegin() routine.  So we know that the pMaskSet->ix[]
** array will never overflow.
*/
static void createMask(WhereMaskSet *pMaskSet, int iCursor){
  assert( pMaskSet->n < ArraySize(pMaskSet->ix) );
  pMaskSet->ix[pMaskSet->n++] = iCursor;
}

/*
** These routines walk (recursively) an expression tree and generate
** a bitmask indicating which tables are used in that expression
** tree.
*/
static Bitmask exprListTableUsage(WhereMaskSet*, ExprList*);
static Bitmask exprSelectTableUsage(WhereMaskSet*, Select*);
static Bitmask exprTableUsage(WhereMaskSet *pMaskSet, Expr *p){
  Bitmask mask = 0;
  if( p==0 ) return 0;
  if( p->op==TK_COLUMN ){
    mask = getMask(pMaskSet, p->iTable);
    return mask;
  }
  mask = exprTableUsage(pMaskSet, p->pRight);
  mask |= exprTableUsage(pMaskSet, p->pLeft);
  if( ExprHasProperty(p, EP_xIsSelect) ){
    mask |= exprSelectTableUsage(pMaskSet, p->x.pSelect);
  }else{
    mask |= exprListTableUsage(pMaskSet, p->x.pList);
  }
  return mask;
}
static Bitmask exprListTableUsage(WhereMaskSet *pMaskSet, ExprList *pList){
  int i;
  Bitmask mask = 0;
  if( pList ){
    for(i=0; i<pList->nExpr; i++){
      mask |= exprTableUsage(pMaskSet, pList->a[i].pExpr);
    }
  }
  return mask;
}
static Bitmask exprSelectTableUsage(WhereMaskSet *pMaskSet, Select *pS){
  Bitmask mask = 0;
  while( pS ){
    SrcList *pSrc = pS->pSrc;
    mask |= exprListTableUsage(pMaskSet, pS->pEList);
    mask |= exprListTableUsage(pMaskSet, pS->pGroupBy);
    mask |= exprListTableUsage(pMaskSet, pS->pOrderBy);
    mask |= exprTableUsage(pMaskSet, pS->pWhere);
    mask |= exprTableUsage(pMaskSet, pS->pHaving);
    if( ALWAYS(pSrc!=0) ){
      int i;
      for(i=0; i<pSrc->nSrc; i++){
        mask |= exprSelectTableUsage(pMaskSet, pSrc->a[i].pSelect);
        mask |= exprTableUsage(pMaskSet, pSrc->a[i].pOn);
      }
    }
    pS = pS->pPrior;
  }
  return mask;
}

/*
** Return TRUE if the given operator is one of the operators that is
** allowed for an indexable WHERE clause term.  The allowed operators are
** "=", "<", ">", "<=", ">=", "IN", and "IS NULL"
*/
static int allowedOp(int op){
  assert( TK_GT>TK_EQ && TK_GT<TK_GE );
................................................................................
  assert( op!=TK_LE || c==WO_LE );
  assert( op!=TK_GT || c==WO_GT );
  assert( op!=TK_GE || c==WO_GE );
  assert( op!=TK_IS || c==WO_IS );
  return c;
}

/*
** Advance to the next WhereTerm that matches according to the criteria
** established when the pScan object was initialized by whereScanInit().
** Return NULL if there are no more matching WhereTerms.
*/
static WhereTerm *whereScanNext(WhereScan *pScan){
  int iCur;            /* The cursor on the LHS of the term */
  int iColumn;         /* The column on the LHS of the term.  -1 for IPK */
  Expr *pX;            /* An expression being tested */
  WhereClause *pWC;    /* Shorthand for pScan->pWC */
  WhereTerm *pTerm;    /* The term being tested */
  int k = pScan->k;    /* Where to start scanning */

  while( pScan->iEquiv<=pScan->nEquiv ){
    iCur = pScan->aEquiv[pScan->iEquiv-2];
    iColumn = pScan->aEquiv[pScan->iEquiv-1];
    while( (pWC = pScan->pWC)!=0 ){
      for(pTerm=pWC->a+k; k<pWC->nTerm; k++, pTerm++){
        if( pTerm->leftCursor==iCur
         && pTerm->u.leftColumn==iColumn
         && (pScan->iEquiv<=2 || !ExprHasProperty(pTerm->pExpr, EP_FromJoin))
        ){
          if( (pTerm->eOperator & WO_EQUIV)!=0
           && pScan->nEquiv<ArraySize(pScan->aEquiv)
          ){
            int j;
            pX = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pTerm->pExpr->pRight);
            assert( pX->op==TK_COLUMN );
            for(j=0; j<pScan->nEquiv; j+=2){
              if( pScan->aEquiv[j]==pX->iTable
               && pScan->aEquiv[j+1]==pX->iColumn ){
                  break;
              }
            }
            if( j==pScan->nEquiv ){
              pScan->aEquiv[j] = pX->iTable;
              pScan->aEquiv[j+1] = pX->iColumn;
              pScan->nEquiv += 2;
            }
          }
          if( (pTerm->eOperator & pScan->opMask)!=0 ){
            /* Verify the affinity and collating sequence match */
            if( pScan->zCollName && (pTerm->eOperator & WO_ISNULL)==0 ){
              CollSeq *pColl;
              Parse *pParse = pWC->pWInfo->pParse;
              pX = pTerm->pExpr;
              if( !sqlite3IndexAffinityOk(pX, pScan->idxaff) ){
                continue;
              }
              assert(pX->pLeft);
              pColl = sqlite3BinaryCompareCollSeq(pParse,
                                                  pX->pLeft, pX->pRight);
              if( pColl==0 ) pColl = pParse->db->pDfltColl;
              if( sqlite3StrICmp(pColl->zName, pScan->zCollName) ){
                continue;
              }
            }
            if( (pTerm->eOperator & (WO_EQ|WO_IS))!=0
             && (pX = pTerm->pExpr->pRight)->op==TK_COLUMN
             && pX->iTable==pScan->aEquiv[0]
             && pX->iColumn==pScan->aEquiv[1]
            ){
              testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_IS );
              continue;
            }
            pScan->k = k+1;
            return pTerm;
          }
        }
      }
      pScan->pWC = pScan->pWC->pOuter;
      k = 0;
    }
    pScan->pWC = pScan->pOrigWC;
    k = 0;
    pScan->iEquiv += 2;
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** Initialize a WHERE clause scanner object.  Return a pointer to the
** first match.  Return NULL if there are no matches.
**
** The scanner will be searching the WHERE clause pWC.  It will look
** for terms of the form "X <op> <expr>" where X is column iColumn of table
** iCur.  The <op> must be one of the operators described by opMask.
**
** If the search is for X and the WHERE clause contains terms of the
** form X=Y then this routine might also return terms of the form
** "Y <op> <expr>".  The number of levels of transitivity is limited,
** but is enough to handle most commonly occurring SQL statements.
**
** If X is not the INTEGER PRIMARY KEY then X must be compatible with
** index pIdx.
*/
static WhereTerm *whereScanInit(
  WhereScan *pScan,       /* The WhereScan object being initialized */
  WhereClause *pWC,       /* The WHERE clause to be scanned */
  int iCur,               /* Cursor to scan for */
  int iColumn,            /* Column to scan for */
  u32 opMask,             /* Operator(s) to scan for */
  Index *pIdx             /* Must be compatible with this index */
){
  int j;

  /* memset(pScan, 0, sizeof(*pScan)); */
  pScan->pOrigWC = pWC;
  pScan->pWC = pWC;
  if( pIdx && iColumn>=0 ){
    pScan->idxaff = pIdx->pTable->aCol[iColumn].affinity;
    for(j=0; pIdx->aiColumn[j]!=iColumn; j++){
      if( NEVER(j>pIdx->nColumn) ) return 0;
    }
    pScan->zCollName = pIdx->azColl[j];
  }else{
    pScan->idxaff = 0;
    pScan->zCollName = 0;
  }
  pScan->opMask = opMask;
  pScan->k = 0;
  pScan->aEquiv[0] = iCur;
  pScan->aEquiv[1] = iColumn;
  pScan->nEquiv = 2;
  pScan->iEquiv = 2;
  return whereScanNext(pScan);
}

/*
** Search for a term in the WHERE clause that is of the form "X <op> <expr>"
** where X is a reference to the iColumn of table iCur and <op> is one of
** the WO_xx operator codes specified by the op parameter.
** Return a pointer to the term.  Return 0 if not found.
**
** The term returned might by Y=<expr> if there is another constraint in
** the WHERE clause that specifies that X=Y.  Any such constraints will be
** identified by the WO_EQUIV bit in the pTerm->eOperator field.  The
** aEquiv[] array holds X and all its equivalents, with each SQL variable
** taking up two slots in aEquiv[].  The first slot is for the cursor number
** and the second is for the column number.  There are 22 slots in aEquiv[]
** so that means we can look for X plus up to 10 other equivalent values.
** Hence a search for X will return <expr> if X=A1 and A1=A2 and A2=A3
** and ... and A9=A10 and A10=<expr>.
**
** If there are multiple terms in the WHERE clause of the form "X <op> <expr>"
** then try for the one with no dependencies on <expr> - in other words where
** <expr> is a constant expression of some kind.  Only return entries of
** the form "X <op> Y" where Y is a column in another table if no terms of
** the form "X <op> <const-expr>" exist.   If no terms with a constant RHS
** exist, try to return a term that does not use WO_EQUIV.
*/
static WhereTerm *findTerm(
  WhereClause *pWC,     /* The WHERE clause to be searched */
  int iCur,             /* Cursor number of LHS */
  int iColumn,          /* Column number of LHS */
  Bitmask notReady,     /* RHS must not overlap with this mask */
  u32 op,               /* Mask of WO_xx values describing operator */
  Index *pIdx           /* Must be compatible with this index, if not NULL */
){
  WhereTerm *pResult = 0;
  WhereTerm *p;
  WhereScan scan;

  p = whereScanInit(&scan, pWC, iCur, iColumn, op, pIdx);
  op &= WO_EQ|WO_IS;
  while( p ){
    if( (p->prereqRight & notReady)==0 ){
      if( p->prereqRight==0 && (p->eOperator&op)!=0 ){
        testcase( p->eOperator & WO_IS );
        return p;
      }
      if( pResult==0 ) pResult = p;
    }
    p = whereScanNext(&scan);
  }
  return pResult;
}

/* Forward reference */
static void exprAnalyze(SrcList*, WhereClause*, int);

/*
** Call exprAnalyze on all terms in a WHERE clause.  
*/
static void exprAnalyzeAll(
  SrcList *pTabList,       /* the FROM clause */
  WhereClause *pWC         /* the WHERE clause to be analyzed */
){
  int i;
  for(i=pWC->nTerm-1; i>=0; i--){
    exprAnalyze(pTabList, pWC, i);
  }
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_LIKE_OPTIMIZATION
/*
** Check to see if the given expression is a LIKE or GLOB operator that
** can be optimized using inequality constraints.  Return TRUE if it is
** so and false if not.
**
................................................................................
  assert( pLeft->iColumn!=(-1) ); /* Because IPK never has AFF_TEXT */

  pRight = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pList->a[0].pExpr);
  op = pRight->op;
  if( op==TK_VARIABLE ){
    Vdbe *pReprepare = pParse->pReprepare;
    int iCol = pRight->iColumn;
    pVal = sqlite3VdbeGetBoundValue(pReprepare, iCol, SQLITE_AFF_NONE);
    if( pVal && sqlite3_value_type(pVal)==SQLITE_TEXT ){
      z = (char *)sqlite3_value_text(pVal);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeSetVarmask(pParse->pVdbe, iCol);
    assert( pRight->op==TK_VARIABLE || pRight->op==TK_REGISTER );
  }else if( op==TK_STRING ){
    z = pRight->u.zToken;
................................................................................
**
** then create a new virtual term like this:
**
**      x IN (expr1,expr2,expr3)
**
** CASE 2:
**
** If there are exactly two disjuncts one side has x>A and the other side
** has x=A (for the same x and A) then add a new virtual conjunct term to the
** WHERE clause of the form "x>=A".  Example:
**
**      x>A OR (x=A AND y>B)    adds:    x>=A
**
** The added conjunct can sometimes be helpful in query planning.
**
................................................................................
**
** From another point of view, "indexable" means that the subterm could
** potentially be used with an index if an appropriate index exists.
** This analysis does not consider whether or not the index exists; that
** is decided elsewhere.  This analysis only looks at whether subterms
** appropriate for indexing exist.
**
** All examples A through E above satisfy case 2.  But if a term
** also satisfies case 1 (such as B) we know that the optimizer will
** always prefer case 1, so in that case we pretend that case 2 is not
** satisfied.
**
** It might be the case that multiple tables are indexable.  For example,
** (E) above is indexable on tables P, Q, and R.
**
** Terms that satisfy case 2 are candidates for lookup by using
** separate indices to find rowids for each subterm and composing
** the union of all rowids using a RowSet object.  This is similar
** to "bitmap indices" in other database engines.
**
** OTHERWISE:
**
** If neither case 1 nor case 2 apply, then leave the eOperator set to
** zero.  This term is not useful for search.
*/
static void exprAnalyzeOrTerm(
  SrcList *pSrc,            /* the FROM clause */
  WhereClause *pWC,         /* the complete WHERE clause */
  int idxTerm               /* Index of the OR-term to be analyzed */
){
................................................................................
  */
  assert( (pTerm->wtFlags & (TERM_DYNAMIC|TERM_ORINFO|TERM_ANDINFO))==0 );
  assert( pExpr->op==TK_OR );
  pTerm->u.pOrInfo = pOrInfo = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(*pOrInfo));
  if( pOrInfo==0 ) return;
  pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_ORINFO;
  pOrWc = &pOrInfo->wc;
  whereClauseInit(pOrWc, pWInfo);
  whereSplit(pOrWc, pExpr, TK_OR);
  exprAnalyzeAll(pSrc, pOrWc);
  if( db->mallocFailed ) return;
  assert( pOrWc->nTerm>=2 );

  /*
  ** Compute the set of tables that might satisfy cases 1 or 2.
  */
  indexable = ~(Bitmask)0;
  chngToIN = ~(Bitmask)0;
  for(i=pOrWc->nTerm-1, pOrTerm=pOrWc->a; i>=0 && indexable; i--, pOrTerm++){
    if( (pOrTerm->eOperator & WO_SINGLE)==0 ){
      WhereAndInfo *pAndInfo;
      assert( (pOrTerm->wtFlags & (TERM_ANDINFO|TERM_ORINFO))==0 );
................................................................................
        WhereTerm *pAndTerm;
        int j;
        Bitmask b = 0;
        pOrTerm->u.pAndInfo = pAndInfo;
        pOrTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_ANDINFO;
        pOrTerm->eOperator = WO_AND;
        pAndWC = &pAndInfo->wc;
        whereClauseInit(pAndWC, pWC->pWInfo);
        whereSplit(pAndWC, pOrTerm->pExpr, TK_AND);
        exprAnalyzeAll(pSrc, pAndWC);
        pAndWC->pOuter = pWC;
        testcase( db->mallocFailed );
        if( !db->mallocFailed ){
          for(j=0, pAndTerm=pAndWC->a; j<pAndWC->nTerm; j++, pAndTerm++){
            assert( pAndTerm->pExpr );
            if( allowedOp(pAndTerm->pExpr->op) ){
              b |= getMask(&pWInfo->sMaskSet, pAndTerm->leftCursor);
            }
          }
        }
        indexable &= b;
      }
    }else if( pOrTerm->wtFlags & TERM_COPIED ){
      /* Skip this term for now.  We revisit it when we process the
      ** corresponding TERM_VIRTUAL term */
    }else{
      Bitmask b;
      b = getMask(&pWInfo->sMaskSet, pOrTerm->leftCursor);
      if( pOrTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL ){
        WhereTerm *pOther = &pOrWc->a[pOrTerm->iParent];
        b |= getMask(&pWInfo->sMaskSet, pOther->leftCursor);
      }
      indexable &= b;
      if( (pOrTerm->eOperator & WO_EQ)==0 ){
        chngToIN = 0;
      }else{
        chngToIN &= b;
      }
................................................................................
        pOrTerm->wtFlags &= ~TERM_OR_OK;
        if( pOrTerm->leftCursor==iCursor ){
          /* This is the 2-bit case and we are on the second iteration and
          ** current term is from the first iteration.  So skip this term. */
          assert( j==1 );
          continue;
        }

        if( (chngToIN & getMask(&pWInfo->sMaskSet, pOrTerm->leftCursor))==0 ){
          /* This term must be of the form t1.a==t2.b where t2 is in the
          ** chngToIN set but t1 is not.  This term will be either preceded
          ** or follwed by an inverted copy (t2.b==t1.a).  Skip this term 
          ** and use its inversion. */
          testcase( pOrTerm->wtFlags & TERM_COPIED );
          testcase( pOrTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL );
          assert( pOrTerm->wtFlags & (TERM_COPIED|TERM_VIRTUAL) );
................................................................................
        break;
      }
      if( i<0 ){
        /* No candidate table+column was found.  This can only occur
        ** on the second iteration */
        assert( j==1 );
        assert( IsPowerOfTwo(chngToIN) );
        assert( chngToIN==getMask(&pWInfo->sMaskSet, iCursor) );
        break;
      }
      testcase( j==1 );

      /* We have found a candidate table and column.  Check to see if that
      ** table and column is common to every term in the OR clause */
      okToChngToIN = 1;
................................................................................

/*
** We already know that pExpr is a binary operator where both operands are
** column references.  This routine checks to see if pExpr is an equivalence
** relation:
**   1.  The SQLITE_Transitive optimization must be enabled
**   2.  Must be either an == or an IS operator
**   3.  Not originating the ON clause of an OUTER JOIN
**   4.  The affinities of A and B must be compatible
**   5a. Both operands use the same collating sequence OR
**   5b. The overall collating sequence is BINARY
** If this routine returns TRUE, that means that the RHS can be substituted
** for the LHS anyplace else in the WHERE clause where the LHS column occurs.
** This is an optimization.  No harm comes from returning 0.  But if 1 is
** returned when it should not be, then incorrect answers might result.
................................................................................
  /* Since pLeft and pRight are both a column references, their collating
  ** sequence should always be defined. */
  zColl1 = ALWAYS(pColl) ? pColl->zName : 0;
  pColl = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, pExpr->pRight);
  zColl2 = ALWAYS(pColl) ? pColl->zName : 0;
  return sqlite3StrICmp(zColl1, zColl2)==0;
}



























/*
** The input to this routine is an WhereTerm structure with only the
** "pExpr" field filled in.  The job of this routine is to analyze the
** subexpression and populate all the other fields of the WhereTerm
** structure.
**
................................................................................
  if( db->mallocFailed ){
    return;
  }
  pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];
  pMaskSet = &pWInfo->sMaskSet;
  pExpr = pTerm->pExpr;
  assert( pExpr->op!=TK_AS && pExpr->op!=TK_COLLATE );
  prereqLeft = exprTableUsage(pMaskSet, pExpr->pLeft);
  op = pExpr->op;
  if( op==TK_IN ){
    assert( pExpr->pRight==0 );
    if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
      pTerm->prereqRight = exprSelectTableUsage(pMaskSet, pExpr->x.pSelect);
    }else{
      pTerm->prereqRight = exprListTableUsage(pMaskSet, pExpr->x.pList);
    }
  }else if( op==TK_ISNULL ){
    pTerm->prereqRight = 0;
  }else{
    pTerm->prereqRight = exprTableUsage(pMaskSet, pExpr->pRight);
  }
  prereqAll = exprTableUsage(pMaskSet, pExpr);
  if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_FromJoin) ){
    Bitmask x = getMask(pMaskSet, pExpr->iRightJoinTable);
    prereqAll |= x;
    extraRight = x-1;  /* ON clause terms may not be used with an index
                       ** on left table of a LEFT JOIN.  Ticket #3015 */
  }
  pTerm->prereqAll = prereqAll;
  pTerm->leftCursor = -1;
  pTerm->iParent = -1;
................................................................................
    int idxNew;
    Expr *pRight, *pLeft;
    WhereTerm *pNewTerm;
    Bitmask prereqColumn, prereqExpr;

    pRight = pExpr->x.pList->a[0].pExpr;
    pLeft = pExpr->x.pList->a[1].pExpr;
    prereqExpr = exprTableUsage(pMaskSet, pRight);
    prereqColumn = exprTableUsage(pMaskSet, pLeft);
    if( (prereqExpr & prereqColumn)==0 ){
      Expr *pNewExpr;
      pNewExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_MATCH, 
                              0, sqlite3ExprDup(db, pRight, 0), 0);
      idxNew = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNewExpr, TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC);
      testcase( idxNew==0 );
      pNewTerm = &pWC->a[idxNew];
................................................................................
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4 */

  /* Prevent ON clause terms of a LEFT JOIN from being used to drive
  ** an index for tables to the left of the join.
  */
  pTerm->prereqRight |= extraRight;
}




















































































































































































































































































































































































































































































/*
** This function searches pList for an entry that matches the iCol-th column
** of index pIdx.
**
** If such an expression is found, its index in pList->a[] is returned. If
** no expression is found, -1 is returned.
................................................................................
  return -1;
}

/*
** Return true if the DISTINCT expression-list passed as the third argument
** is redundant.
**
** A DISTINCT list is redundant if the database contains some subset of
** columns that are unique and non-null.
*/
static int isDistinctRedundant(
  Parse *pParse,            /* Parsing context */
  SrcList *pTabList,        /* The FROM clause */
  WhereClause *pWC,         /* The WHERE clause */
  ExprList *pDistinct       /* The result set that needs to be DISTINCT */
){
................................................................................
  **   3. All of those index columns for which the WHERE clause does not
  **      contain a "col=X" term are subject to a NOT NULL constraint.
  */
  for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
    if( !IsUniqueIndex(pIdx) ) continue;
    for(i=0; i<pIdx->nKeyCol; i++){
      i16 iCol = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
      if( 0==findTerm(pWC, iBase, iCol, ~(Bitmask)0, WO_EQ, pIdx) ){
        int iIdxCol = findIndexCol(pParse, pDistinct, iBase, pIdx, i);
        if( iIdxCol<0 || pTab->aCol[iCol].notNull==0 ){
          break;
        }
      }
    }
    if( i==pIdx->nKeyCol ){
................................................................................
** Allocate and populate an sqlite3_index_info structure. It is the 
** responsibility of the caller to eventually release the structure
** by passing the pointer returned by this function to sqlite3_free().
*/
static sqlite3_index_info *allocateIndexInfo(
  Parse *pParse,
  WhereClause *pWC,

  struct SrcList_item *pSrc,
  ExprList *pOrderBy
){
  int i, j;
  int nTerm;
  struct sqlite3_index_constraint *pIdxCons;
  struct sqlite3_index_orderby *pIdxOrderBy;
................................................................................
  int nOrderBy;
  sqlite3_index_info *pIdxInfo;

  /* Count the number of possible WHERE clause constraints referring
  ** to this virtual table */
  for(i=nTerm=0, pTerm=pWC->a; i<pWC->nTerm; i++, pTerm++){
    if( pTerm->leftCursor != pSrc->iCursor ) continue;

    assert( IsPowerOfTwo(pTerm->eOperator & ~WO_EQUIV) );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_IN );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_ISNULL );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_IS );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_ALL );
    if( (pTerm->eOperator & ~(WO_ISNULL|WO_EQUIV|WO_IS))==0 ) continue;
    if( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL ) continue;
................................................................................
  *(struct sqlite3_index_orderby**)&pIdxInfo->aOrderBy = pIdxOrderBy;
  *(struct sqlite3_index_constraint_usage**)&pIdxInfo->aConstraintUsage =
                                                                   pUsage;

  for(i=j=0, pTerm=pWC->a; i<pWC->nTerm; i++, pTerm++){
    u8 op;
    if( pTerm->leftCursor != pSrc->iCursor ) continue;

    assert( IsPowerOfTwo(pTerm->eOperator & ~WO_EQUIV) );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_IN );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_IS );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_ISNULL );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_ALL );
    if( (pTerm->eOperator & ~(WO_ISNULL|WO_EQUIV|WO_IS))==0 ) continue;
    if( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL ) continue;
................................................................................
    WHERETRACE(0x10,("IN row estimate: est=%d\n", nRowEst));
  }
  assert( pBuilder->nRecValid==nRecValid );
  return rc;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4 */

/*
** Disable a term in the WHERE clause.  Except, do not disable the term
** if it controls a LEFT OUTER JOIN and it did not originate in the ON
** or USING clause of that join.
**
** Consider the term t2.z='ok' in the following queries:
**
**   (1)  SELECT * FROM t1 LEFT JOIN t2 ON t1.a=t2.x WHERE t2.z='ok'
**   (2)  SELECT * FROM t1 LEFT JOIN t2 ON t1.a=t2.x AND t2.z='ok'
**   (3)  SELECT * FROM t1, t2 WHERE t1.a=t2.x AND t2.z='ok'
**
** The t2.z='ok' is disabled in the in (2) because it originates
** in the ON clause.  The term is disabled in (3) because it is not part
** of a LEFT OUTER JOIN.  In (1), the term is not disabled.
**
** Disabling a term causes that term to not be tested in the inner loop
** of the join.  Disabling is an optimization.  When terms are satisfied
** by indices, we disable them to prevent redundant tests in the inner
** loop.  We would get the correct results if nothing were ever disabled,
** but joins might run a little slower.  The trick is to disable as much
** as we can without disabling too much.  If we disabled in (1), we'd get
** the wrong answer.  See ticket #813.
**
** If all the children of a term are disabled, then that term is also
** automatically disabled.  In this way, terms get disabled if derived
** virtual terms are tested first.  For example:
**
**      x GLOB 'abc*' AND x>='abc' AND x<'acd'
**      \___________/     \______/     \_____/
**         parent          child1       child2
**
** Only the parent term was in the original WHERE clause.  The child1
** and child2 terms were added by the LIKE optimization.  If both of
** the virtual child terms are valid, then testing of the parent can be 
** skipped.
**
** Usually the parent term is marked as TERM_CODED.  But if the parent
** term was originally TERM_LIKE, then the parent gets TERM_LIKECOND instead.
** The TERM_LIKECOND marking indicates that the term should be coded inside
** a conditional such that is only evaluated on the second pass of a
** LIKE-optimization loop, when scanning BLOBs instead of strings.
*/
static void disableTerm(WhereLevel *pLevel, WhereTerm *pTerm){
  int nLoop = 0;
  while( pTerm
      && (pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_CODED)==0
      && (pLevel->iLeftJoin==0 || ExprHasProperty(pTerm->pExpr, EP_FromJoin))
      && (pLevel->notReady & pTerm->prereqAll)==0
  ){
    if( nLoop && (pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_LIKE)!=0 ){
      pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_LIKECOND;
    }else{
      pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_CODED;
    }
    if( pTerm->iParent<0 ) break;
    pTerm = &pTerm->pWC->a[pTerm->iParent];
    pTerm->nChild--;
    if( pTerm->nChild!=0 ) break;
    nLoop++;
  }
}

/*
** Code an OP_Affinity opcode to apply the column affinity string zAff
** to the n registers starting at base. 
**
** As an optimization, SQLITE_AFF_NONE entries (which are no-ops) at the
** beginning and end of zAff are ignored.  If all entries in zAff are
** SQLITE_AFF_NONE, then no code gets generated.
**
** This routine makes its own copy of zAff so that the caller is free
** to modify zAff after this routine returns.
*/
static void codeApplyAffinity(Parse *pParse, int base, int n, char *zAff){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
  if( zAff==0 ){
    assert( pParse->db->mallocFailed );
    return;
  }
  assert( v!=0 );

  /* Adjust base and n to skip over SQLITE_AFF_NONE entries at the beginning
  ** and end of the affinity string.
  */
  while( n>0 && zAff[0]==SQLITE_AFF_NONE ){
    n--;
    base++;
    zAff++;
  }
  while( n>1 && zAff[n-1]==SQLITE_AFF_NONE ){
    n--;
  }

  /* Code the OP_Affinity opcode if there is anything left to do. */
  if( n>0 ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Affinity, base, n);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, zAff, n);
    sqlite3ExprCacheAffinityChange(pParse, base, n);
  }
}


/*
** Generate code for a single equality term of the WHERE clause.  An equality
** term can be either X=expr or X IN (...).   pTerm is the term to be 
** coded.
**
** The current value for the constraint is left in register iReg.
**
** For a constraint of the form X=expr, the expression is evaluated and its
** result is left on the stack.  For constraints of the form X IN (...)
** this routine sets up a loop that will iterate over all values of X.
*/
static int codeEqualityTerm(
  Parse *pParse,      /* The parsing context */
  WhereTerm *pTerm,   /* The term of the WHERE clause to be coded */
  WhereLevel *pLevel, /* The level of the FROM clause we are working on */
  int iEq,            /* Index of the equality term within this level */
  int bRev,           /* True for reverse-order IN operations */
  int iTarget         /* Attempt to leave results in this register */
){
  Expr *pX = pTerm->pExpr;
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
  int iReg;                  /* Register holding results */

  assert( iTarget>0 );
  if( pX->op==TK_EQ || pX->op==TK_IS ){
    iReg = sqlite3ExprCodeTarget(pParse, pX->pRight, iTarget);
  }else if( pX->op==TK_ISNULL ){
    iReg = iTarget;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, iReg);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
  }else{
    int eType;
    int iTab;
    struct InLoop *pIn;
    WhereLoop *pLoop = pLevel->pWLoop;

    if( (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)==0
      && pLoop->u.btree.pIndex!=0
      && pLoop->u.btree.pIndex->aSortOrder[iEq]
    ){
      testcase( iEq==0 );
      testcase( bRev );
      bRev = !bRev;
    }
    assert( pX->op==TK_IN );
    iReg = iTarget;
    eType = sqlite3FindInIndex(pParse, pX, IN_INDEX_LOOP, 0);
    if( eType==IN_INDEX_INDEX_DESC ){
      testcase( bRev );
      bRev = !bRev;
    }
    iTab = pX->iTable;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, bRev ? OP_Last : OP_Rewind, iTab, 0);
    VdbeCoverageIf(v, bRev);
    VdbeCoverageIf(v, !bRev);
    assert( (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_MULTI_OR)==0 );
    pLoop->wsFlags |= WHERE_IN_ABLE;
    if( pLevel->u.in.nIn==0 ){
      pLevel->addrNxt = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
    }
    pLevel->u.in.nIn++;
    pLevel->u.in.aInLoop =
       sqlite3DbReallocOrFree(pParse->db, pLevel->u.in.aInLoop,
                              sizeof(pLevel->u.in.aInLoop[0])*pLevel->u.in.nIn);
    pIn = pLevel->u.in.aInLoop;
    if( pIn ){
      pIn += pLevel->u.in.nIn - 1;
      pIn->iCur = iTab;
      if( eType==IN_INDEX_ROWID ){
        pIn->addrInTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, iTab, iReg);
      }else{
        pIn->addrInTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iTab, 0, iReg);
      }
      pIn->eEndLoopOp = bRev ? OP_PrevIfOpen : OP_NextIfOpen;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IsNull, iReg); VdbeCoverage(v);
    }else{
      pLevel->u.in.nIn = 0;
    }
#endif
  }
  disableTerm(pLevel, pTerm);
  return iReg;
}

/*
** Generate code that will evaluate all == and IN constraints for an
** index scan.
**
** For example, consider table t1(a,b,c,d,e,f) with index i1(a,b,c).
** Suppose the WHERE clause is this:  a==5 AND b IN (1,2,3) AND c>5 AND c<10
** The index has as many as three equality constraints, but in this
** example, the third "c" value is an inequality.  So only two 
** constraints are coded.  This routine will generate code to evaluate
** a==5 and b IN (1,2,3).  The current values for a and b will be stored
** in consecutive registers and the index of the first register is returned.
**
** In the example above nEq==2.  But this subroutine works for any value
** of nEq including 0.  If nEq==0, this routine is nearly a no-op.
** The only thing it does is allocate the pLevel->iMem memory cell and
** compute the affinity string.
**
** The nExtraReg parameter is 0 or 1.  It is 0 if all WHERE clause constraints
** are == or IN and are covered by the nEq.  nExtraReg is 1 if there is
** an inequality constraint (such as the "c>=5 AND c<10" in the example) that
** occurs after the nEq quality constraints.
**
** This routine allocates a range of nEq+nExtraReg memory cells and returns
** the index of the first memory cell in that range. The code that
** calls this routine will use that memory range to store keys for
** start and termination conditions of the loop.
** key value of the loop.  If one or more IN operators appear, then
** this routine allocates an additional nEq memory cells for internal
** use.
**
** Before returning, *pzAff is set to point to a buffer containing a
** copy of the column affinity string of the index allocated using
** sqlite3DbMalloc(). Except, entries in the copy of the string associated
** with equality constraints that use NONE affinity are set to
** SQLITE_AFF_NONE. This is to deal with SQL such as the following:
**
**   CREATE TABLE t1(a TEXT PRIMARY KEY, b);
**   SELECT ... FROM t1 AS t2, t1 WHERE t1.a = t2.b;
**
** In the example above, the index on t1(a) has TEXT affinity. But since
** the right hand side of the equality constraint (t2.b) has NONE affinity,
** no conversion should be attempted before using a t2.b value as part of
** a key to search the index. Hence the first byte in the returned affinity
** string in this example would be set to SQLITE_AFF_NONE.
*/
static int codeAllEqualityTerms(
  Parse *pParse,        /* Parsing context */
  WhereLevel *pLevel,   /* Which nested loop of the FROM we are coding */
  int bRev,             /* Reverse the order of IN operators */
  int nExtraReg,        /* Number of extra registers to allocate */
  char **pzAff          /* OUT: Set to point to affinity string */
){
  u16 nEq;                      /* The number of == or IN constraints to code */
  u16 nSkip;                    /* Number of left-most columns to skip */
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;      /* The vm under construction */
  Index *pIdx;                  /* The index being used for this loop */
  WhereTerm *pTerm;             /* A single constraint term */
  WhereLoop *pLoop;             /* The WhereLoop object */
  int j;                        /* Loop counter */
  int regBase;                  /* Base register */
  int nReg;                     /* Number of registers to allocate */
  char *zAff;                   /* Affinity string to return */

  /* This module is only called on query plans that use an index. */
  pLoop = pLevel->pWLoop;
  assert( (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)==0 );
  nEq = pLoop->u.btree.nEq;
  nSkip = pLoop->nSkip;
  pIdx = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex;
  assert( pIdx!=0 );

  /* Figure out how many memory cells we will need then allocate them.
  */
  regBase = pParse->nMem + 1;
  nReg = pLoop->u.btree.nEq + nExtraReg;
  pParse->nMem += nReg;

  zAff = sqlite3DbStrDup(pParse->db, sqlite3IndexAffinityStr(v, pIdx));
  if( !zAff ){
    pParse->db->mallocFailed = 1;
  }

  if( nSkip ){
    int iIdxCur = pLevel->iIdxCur;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, (bRev?OP_Last:OP_Rewind), iIdxCur);
    VdbeCoverageIf(v, bRev==0);
    VdbeCoverageIf(v, bRev!=0);
    VdbeComment((v, "begin skip-scan on %s", pIdx->zName));
    j = sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Goto);
    pLevel->addrSkip = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, (bRev?OP_SeekLT:OP_SeekGT),
                            iIdxCur, 0, regBase, nSkip);
    VdbeCoverageIf(v, bRev==0);
    VdbeCoverageIf(v, bRev!=0);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j);
    for(j=0; j<nSkip; j++){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, j, regBase+j);
      assert( pIdx->aiColumn[j]>=0 );
      VdbeComment((v, "%s", pIdx->pTable->aCol[pIdx->aiColumn[j]].zName));
    }
  }    

  /* Evaluate the equality constraints
  */
  assert( zAff==0 || (int)strlen(zAff)>=nEq );
  for(j=nSkip; j<nEq; j++){
    int r1;
    pTerm = pLoop->aLTerm[j];
    assert( pTerm!=0 );
    /* The following testcase is true for indices with redundant columns. 
    ** Ex: CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(a,b,a); SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=0 AND b=0; */
    testcase( (pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_CODED)!=0 );
    testcase( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL );
    r1 = codeEqualityTerm(pParse, pTerm, pLevel, j, bRev, regBase+j);
    if( r1!=regBase+j ){
      if( nReg==1 ){
        sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regBase);
        regBase = r1;
      }else{
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SCopy, r1, regBase+j);
      }
    }
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_ISNULL );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_IN );
    if( (pTerm->eOperator & (WO_ISNULL|WO_IN))==0 ){
      Expr *pRight = pTerm->pExpr->pRight;
      if( (pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_IS)==0 && sqlite3ExprCanBeNull(pRight) ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, regBase+j, pLevel->addrBrk);
        VdbeCoverage(v);
      }
      if( zAff ){
        if( sqlite3CompareAffinity(pRight, zAff[j])==SQLITE_AFF_NONE ){
          zAff[j] = SQLITE_AFF_NONE;
        }
        if( sqlite3ExprNeedsNoAffinityChange(pRight, zAff[j]) ){
          zAff[j] = SQLITE_AFF_NONE;
        }
      }
    }
  }
  *pzAff = zAff;
  return regBase;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
/*
** This routine is a helper for explainIndexRange() below
**
** pStr holds the text of an expression that we are building up one term
** at a time.  This routine adds a new term to the end of the expression.
** Terms are separated by AND so add the "AND" text for second and subsequent
** terms only.
*/
static void explainAppendTerm(
  StrAccum *pStr,             /* The text expression being built */
  int iTerm,                  /* Index of this term.  First is zero */
  const char *zColumn,        /* Name of the column */
  const char *zOp             /* Name of the operator */
){
  if( iTerm ) sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pStr, " AND ", 5);
  sqlite3StrAccumAppendAll(pStr, zColumn);
  sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pStr, zOp, 1);
  sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pStr, "?", 1);
}

/*
** Argument pLevel describes a strategy for scanning table pTab. This 
** function appends text to pStr that describes the subset of table
** rows scanned by the strategy in the form of an SQL expression.
**
** For example, if the query:
**
**   SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=1 AND b>2;
**
** is run and there is an index on (a, b), then this function returns a
** string similar to:
**
**   "a=? AND b>?"
*/
static void explainIndexRange(StrAccum *pStr, WhereLoop *pLoop, Table *pTab){
  Index *pIndex = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex;
  u16 nEq = pLoop->u.btree.nEq;
  u16 nSkip = pLoop->nSkip;
  int i, j;
  Column *aCol = pTab->aCol;
  i16 *aiColumn = pIndex->aiColumn;

  if( nEq==0 && (pLoop->wsFlags&(WHERE_BTM_LIMIT|WHERE_TOP_LIMIT))==0 ) return;
  sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pStr, " (", 2);
  for(i=0; i<nEq; i++){
    char *z = aiColumn[i] < 0 ? "rowid" : aCol[aiColumn[i]].zName;
    if( i>=nSkip ){
      explainAppendTerm(pStr, i, z, "=");
    }else{
      if( i ) sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pStr, " AND ", 5);
      sqlite3XPrintf(pStr, 0, "ANY(%s)", z);
    }
  }

  j = i;
  if( pLoop->wsFlags&WHERE_BTM_LIMIT ){
    char *z = aiColumn[j] < 0 ? "rowid" : aCol[aiColumn[j]].zName;
    explainAppendTerm(pStr, i++, z, ">");
  }
  if( pLoop->wsFlags&WHERE_TOP_LIMIT ){
    char *z = aiColumn[j] < 0 ? "rowid" : aCol[aiColumn[j]].zName;
    explainAppendTerm(pStr, i, z, "<");
  }
  sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pStr, ")", 1);
}

/*
** This function is a no-op unless currently processing an EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
** command, or if either SQLITE_DEBUG or SQLITE_ENABLE_STMT_SCANSTATUS was
** defined at compile-time. If it is not a no-op, a single OP_Explain opcode 
** is added to the output to describe the table scan strategy in pLevel.
**
** If an OP_Explain opcode is added to the VM, its address is returned.
** Otherwise, if no OP_Explain is coded, zero is returned.
*/
static int explainOneScan(
  Parse *pParse,                  /* Parse context */
  SrcList *pTabList,              /* Table list this loop refers to */
  WhereLevel *pLevel,             /* Scan to write OP_Explain opcode for */
  int iLevel,                     /* Value for "level" column of output */
  int iFrom,                      /* Value for "from" column of output */
  u16 wctrlFlags                  /* Flags passed to sqlite3WhereBegin() */
){
  int ret = 0;
#if !defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) && !defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STMT_SCANSTATUS)
  if( pParse->explain==2 )
#endif
  {
    struct SrcList_item *pItem = &pTabList->a[pLevel->iFrom];
    Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;      /* VM being constructed */
    sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;     /* Database handle */
    int iId = pParse->iSelectId;  /* Select id (left-most output column) */
    int isSearch;                 /* True for a SEARCH. False for SCAN. */
    WhereLoop *pLoop;             /* The controlling WhereLoop object */
    u32 flags;                    /* Flags that describe this loop */
    char *zMsg;                   /* Text to add to EQP output */
    StrAccum str;                 /* EQP output string */
    char zBuf[100];               /* Initial space for EQP output string */

    pLoop = pLevel->pWLoop;
    flags = pLoop->wsFlags;
    if( (flags&WHERE_MULTI_OR) || (wctrlFlags&WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY) ) return 0;

    isSearch = (flags&(WHERE_BTM_LIMIT|WHERE_TOP_LIMIT))!=0
            || ((flags&WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)==0 && (pLoop->u.btree.nEq>0))
            || (wctrlFlags&(WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN|WHERE_ORDERBY_MAX));

    sqlite3StrAccumInit(&str, db, zBuf, sizeof(zBuf), SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH);
    sqlite3StrAccumAppendAll(&str, isSearch ? "SEARCH" : "SCAN");
    if( pItem->pSelect ){
      sqlite3XPrintf(&str, 0, " SUBQUERY %d", pItem->iSelectId);
    }else{
      sqlite3XPrintf(&str, 0, " TABLE %s", pItem->zName);
    }

    if( pItem->zAlias ){
      sqlite3XPrintf(&str, 0, " AS %s", pItem->zAlias);
    }
    if( (flags & (WHERE_IPK|WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE))==0 ){
      const char *zFmt = 0;
      Index *pIdx;

      assert( pLoop->u.btree.pIndex!=0 );
      pIdx = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex;
      assert( !(flags&WHERE_AUTO_INDEX) || (flags&WHERE_IDX_ONLY) );
      if( !HasRowid(pItem->pTab) && IsPrimaryKeyIndex(pIdx) ){
        if( isSearch ){
          zFmt = "PRIMARY KEY";
        }
      }else if( flags & WHERE_PARTIALIDX ){
        zFmt = "AUTOMATIC PARTIAL COVERING INDEX";
      }else if( flags & WHERE_AUTO_INDEX ){
        zFmt = "AUTOMATIC COVERING INDEX";
      }else if( flags & WHERE_IDX_ONLY ){
        zFmt = "COVERING INDEX %s";
      }else{
        zFmt = "INDEX %s";
      }
      if( zFmt ){
        sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&str, " USING ", 7);
        sqlite3XPrintf(&str, 0, zFmt, pIdx->zName);
        explainIndexRange(&str, pLoop, pItem->pTab);
      }
    }else if( (flags & WHERE_IPK)!=0 && (flags & WHERE_CONSTRAINT)!=0 ){
      const char *zRange;
      if( flags&(WHERE_COLUMN_EQ|WHERE_COLUMN_IN) ){
        zRange = "(rowid=?)";
      }else if( (flags&WHERE_BOTH_LIMIT)==WHERE_BOTH_LIMIT ){
        zRange = "(rowid>? AND rowid<?)";
      }else if( flags&WHERE_BTM_LIMIT ){
        zRange = "(rowid>?)";
      }else{
        assert( flags&WHERE_TOP_LIMIT);
        zRange = "(rowid<?)";
      }
      sqlite3StrAccumAppendAll(&str, " USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY ");
      sqlite3StrAccumAppendAll(&str, zRange);
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
    else if( (flags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)!=0 ){
      sqlite3XPrintf(&str, 0, " VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX %d:%s",
                  pLoop->u.vtab.idxNum, pLoop->u.vtab.idxStr);
    }
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_EXPLAIN_ESTIMATED_ROWS
    if( pLoop->nOut>=10 ){
      sqlite3XPrintf(&str, 0, " (~%llu rows)", sqlite3LogEstToInt(pLoop->nOut));
    }else{
      sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&str, " (~1 row)", 9);
    }
#endif
    zMsg = sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&str);
    ret = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Explain, iId, iLevel, iFrom, zMsg,P4_DYNAMIC);
  }
  return ret;
}
#else
# define explainOneScan(u,v,w,x,y,z) 0
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STMT_SCANSTATUS
/*
** Configure the VM passed as the first argument with an
** sqlite3_stmt_scanstatus() entry corresponding to the scan used to 
** implement level pLvl. Argument pSrclist is a pointer to the FROM 
** clause that the scan reads data from.
**
** If argument addrExplain is not 0, it must be the address of an 
** OP_Explain instruction that describes the same loop.
*/
static void addScanStatus(
  Vdbe *v,                        /* Vdbe to add scanstatus entry to */
  SrcList *pSrclist,              /* FROM clause pLvl reads data from */
  WhereLevel *pLvl,               /* Level to add scanstatus() entry for */
  int addrExplain                 /* Address of OP_Explain (or 0) */
){
  const char *zObj = 0;
  WhereLoop *pLoop = pLvl->pWLoop;
  if( (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)==0  &&  pLoop->u.btree.pIndex!=0 ){
    zObj = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex->zName;
  }else{
    zObj = pSrclist->a[pLvl->iFrom].zName;
  }
  sqlite3VdbeScanStatus(
      v, addrExplain, pLvl->addrBody, pLvl->addrVisit, pLoop->nOut, zObj
  );
}
#else
# define addScanStatus(a, b, c, d) ((void)d)
#endif

/*
** If the most recently coded instruction is a constant range contraint
** that originated from the LIKE optimization, then change the P3 to be
** pLoop->iLikeRepCntr and set P5.
**
** The LIKE optimization trys to evaluate "x LIKE 'abc%'" as a range
** expression: "x>='ABC' AND x<'abd'".  But this requires that the range
** scan loop run twice, once for strings and a second time for BLOBs.
** The OP_String opcodes on the second pass convert the upper and lower
** bound string contants to blobs.  This routine makes the necessary changes
** to the OP_String opcodes for that to happen.
*/
static void whereLikeOptimizationStringFixup(
  Vdbe *v,                /* prepared statement under construction */
  WhereLevel *pLevel,     /* The loop that contains the LIKE operator */
  WhereTerm *pTerm        /* The upper or lower bound just coded */
){
  if( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_LIKEOPT ){
    VdbeOp *pOp;
    assert( pLevel->iLikeRepCntr>0 );
    pOp = sqlite3VdbeGetOp(v, -1);
    assert( pOp!=0 );
    assert( pOp->opcode==OP_String8 
            || pTerm->pWC->pWInfo->pParse->db->mallocFailed );
    pOp->p3 = pLevel->iLikeRepCntr;
    pOp->p5 = 1;
  }
}

/*
** Generate code for the start of the iLevel-th loop in the WHERE clause
** implementation described by pWInfo.
*/
static Bitmask codeOneLoopStart(
  WhereInfo *pWInfo,   /* Complete information about the WHERE clause */
  int iLevel,          /* Which level of pWInfo->a[] should be coded */
  Bitmask notReady     /* Which tables are currently available */
){
  int j, k;            /* Loop counters */
  int iCur;            /* The VDBE cursor for the table */
  int addrNxt;         /* Where to jump to continue with the next IN case */
  int omitTable;       /* True if we use the index only */
  int bRev;            /* True if we need to scan in reverse order */
  WhereLevel *pLevel;  /* The where level to be coded */
  WhereLoop *pLoop;    /* The WhereLoop object being coded */
  WhereClause *pWC;    /* Decomposition of the entire WHERE clause */
  WhereTerm *pTerm;               /* A WHERE clause term */
  Parse *pParse;                  /* Parsing context */
  sqlite3 *db;                    /* Database connection */
  Vdbe *v;                        /* The prepared stmt under constructions */
  struct SrcList_item *pTabItem;  /* FROM clause term being coded */
  int addrBrk;                    /* Jump here to break out of the loop */
  int addrCont;                   /* Jump here to continue with next cycle */
  int iRowidReg = 0;        /* Rowid is stored in this register, if not zero */
  int iReleaseReg = 0;      /* Temp register to free before returning */

  pParse = pWInfo->pParse;
  v = pParse->pVdbe;
  pWC = &pWInfo->sWC;
  db = pParse->db;
  pLevel = &pWInfo->a[iLevel];
  pLoop = pLevel->pWLoop;
  pTabItem = &pWInfo->pTabList->a[pLevel->iFrom];
  iCur = pTabItem->iCursor;
  pLevel->notReady = notReady & ~getMask(&pWInfo->sMaskSet, iCur);
  bRev = (pWInfo->revMask>>iLevel)&1;
  omitTable = (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_IDX_ONLY)!=0 
           && (pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_FORCE_TABLE)==0;
  VdbeModuleComment((v, "Begin WHERE-loop%d: %s",iLevel,pTabItem->pTab->zName));

  /* Create labels for the "break" and "continue" instructions
  ** for the current loop.  Jump to addrBrk to break out of a loop.
  ** Jump to cont to go immediately to the next iteration of the
  ** loop.
  **
  ** When there is an IN operator, we also have a "addrNxt" label that
  ** means to continue with the next IN value combination.  When
  ** there are no IN operators in the constraints, the "addrNxt" label
  ** is the same as "addrBrk".
  */
  addrBrk = pLevel->addrBrk = pLevel->addrNxt = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
  addrCont = pLevel->addrCont = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);

  /* If this is the right table of a LEFT OUTER JOIN, allocate and
  ** initialize a memory cell that records if this table matches any
  ** row of the left table of the join.
  */
  if( pLevel->iFrom>0 && (pTabItem[0].jointype & JT_LEFT)!=0 ){
    pLevel->iLeftJoin = ++pParse->nMem;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, pLevel->iLeftJoin);
    VdbeComment((v, "init LEFT JOIN no-match flag"));
  }

  /* Special case of a FROM clause subquery implemented as a co-routine */
  if( pTabItem->viaCoroutine ){
    int regYield = pTabItem->regReturn;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_InitCoroutine, regYield, 0, pTabItem->addrFillSub);
    pLevel->p2 =  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Yield, regYield, addrBrk);
    VdbeCoverage(v);
    VdbeComment((v, "next row of \"%s\"", pTabItem->pTab->zName));
    pLevel->op = OP_Goto;
  }else

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  if(  (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)!=0 ){
    /* Case 1:  The table is a virtual-table.  Use the VFilter and VNext
    **          to access the data.
    */
    int iReg;   /* P3 Value for OP_VFilter */
    int addrNotFound;
    int nConstraint = pLoop->nLTerm;

    sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);
    iReg = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nConstraint+2);
    addrNotFound = pLevel->addrBrk;
    for(j=0; j<nConstraint; j++){
      int iTarget = iReg+j+2;
      pTerm = pLoop->aLTerm[j];
      if( pTerm==0 ) continue;
      if( pTerm->eOperator & WO_IN ){
        codeEqualityTerm(pParse, pTerm, pLevel, j, bRev, iTarget);
        addrNotFound = pLevel->addrNxt;
      }else{
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pTerm->pExpr->pRight, iTarget);
      }
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, pLoop->u.vtab.idxNum, iReg);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, nConstraint, iReg+1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_VFilter, iCur, addrNotFound, iReg,
                      pLoop->u.vtab.idxStr,
                      pLoop->u.vtab.needFree ? P4_MPRINTF : P4_STATIC);
    VdbeCoverage(v);
    pLoop->u.vtab.needFree = 0;
    for(j=0; j<nConstraint && j<16; j++){
      if( (pLoop->u.vtab.omitMask>>j)&1 ){
        disableTerm(pLevel, pLoop->aLTerm[j]);
      }
    }
    pLevel->op = OP_VNext;
    pLevel->p1 = iCur;
    pLevel->p2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
    sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, iReg, nConstraint+2);
    sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse);
  }else
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

  if( (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_IPK)!=0
   && (pLoop->wsFlags & (WHERE_COLUMN_IN|WHERE_COLUMN_EQ))!=0
  ){
    /* Case 2:  We can directly reference a single row using an
    **          equality comparison against the ROWID field.  Or
    **          we reference multiple rows using a "rowid IN (...)"
    **          construct.
    */
    assert( pLoop->u.btree.nEq==1 );
    pTerm = pLoop->aLTerm[0];
    assert( pTerm!=0 );
    assert( pTerm->pExpr!=0 );
    assert( omitTable==0 );
    testcase( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL );
    iReleaseReg = ++pParse->nMem;
    iRowidReg = codeEqualityTerm(pParse, pTerm, pLevel, 0, bRev, iReleaseReg);
    if( iRowidReg!=iReleaseReg ) sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, iReleaseReg);
    addrNxt = pLevel->addrNxt;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_MustBeInt, iRowidReg, addrNxt); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iCur, addrNxt, iRowidReg);
    VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3ExprCacheAffinityChange(pParse, iRowidReg, 1);
    sqlite3ExprCacheStore(pParse, iCur, -1, iRowidReg);
    VdbeComment((v, "pk"));
    pLevel->op = OP_Noop;
  }else if( (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_IPK)!=0
         && (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_COLUMN_RANGE)!=0
  ){
    /* Case 3:  We have an inequality comparison against the ROWID field.
    */
    int testOp = OP_Noop;
    int start;
    int memEndValue = 0;
    WhereTerm *pStart, *pEnd;

    assert( omitTable==0 );
    j = 0;
    pStart = pEnd = 0;
    if( pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_BTM_LIMIT ) pStart = pLoop->aLTerm[j++];
    if( pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_TOP_LIMIT ) pEnd = pLoop->aLTerm[j++];
    assert( pStart!=0 || pEnd!=0 );
    if( bRev ){
      pTerm = pStart;
      pStart = pEnd;
      pEnd = pTerm;
    }
    if( pStart ){
      Expr *pX;             /* The expression that defines the start bound */
      int r1, rTemp;        /* Registers for holding the start boundary */

      /* The following constant maps TK_xx codes into corresponding 
      ** seek opcodes.  It depends on a particular ordering of TK_xx
      */
      const u8 aMoveOp[] = {
           /* TK_GT */  OP_SeekGT,
           /* TK_LE */  OP_SeekLE,
           /* TK_LT */  OP_SeekLT,
           /* TK_GE */  OP_SeekGE
      };
      assert( TK_LE==TK_GT+1 );      /* Make sure the ordering.. */
      assert( TK_LT==TK_GT+2 );      /*  ... of the TK_xx values... */
      assert( TK_GE==TK_GT+3 );      /*  ... is correcct. */

      assert( (pStart->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL)==0 );
      testcase( pStart->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL );
      pX = pStart->pExpr;
      assert( pX!=0 );
      testcase( pStart->leftCursor!=iCur ); /* transitive constraints */
      r1 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pX->pRight, &rTemp);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, aMoveOp[pX->op-TK_GT], iCur, addrBrk, r1);
      VdbeComment((v, "pk"));
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, pX->op==TK_GT);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, pX->op==TK_LE);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, pX->op==TK_LT);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, pX->op==TK_GE);
      sqlite3ExprCacheAffinityChange(pParse, r1, 1);
      sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, rTemp);
      disableTerm(pLevel, pStart);
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, bRev ? OP_Last : OP_Rewind, iCur, addrBrk);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, bRev==0);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, bRev!=0);
    }
    if( pEnd ){
      Expr *pX;
      pX = pEnd->pExpr;
      assert( pX!=0 );
      assert( (pEnd->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL)==0 );
      testcase( pEnd->leftCursor!=iCur ); /* Transitive constraints */
      testcase( pEnd->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL );
      memEndValue = ++pParse->nMem;
      sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pX->pRight, memEndValue);
      if( pX->op==TK_LT || pX->op==TK_GT ){
        testOp = bRev ? OP_Le : OP_Ge;
      }else{
        testOp = bRev ? OP_Lt : OP_Gt;
      }
      disableTerm(pLevel, pEnd);
    }
    start = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
    pLevel->op = bRev ? OP_Prev : OP_Next;
    pLevel->p1 = iCur;
    pLevel->p2 = start;
    assert( pLevel->p5==0 );
    if( testOp!=OP_Noop ){
      iRowidReg = ++pParse->nMem;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, iCur, iRowidReg);
      sqlite3ExprCacheStore(pParse, iCur, -1, iRowidReg);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, testOp, memEndValue, addrBrk, iRowidReg);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, testOp==OP_Le);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, testOp==OP_Lt);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, testOp==OP_Ge);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, testOp==OP_Gt);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC | SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
    }
  }else if( pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_INDEXED ){
    /* Case 4: A scan using an index.
    **
    **         The WHERE clause may contain zero or more equality 
    **         terms ("==" or "IN" operators) that refer to the N
    **         left-most columns of the index. It may also contain
    **         inequality constraints (>, <, >= or <=) on the indexed
    **         column that immediately follows the N equalities. Only 
    **         the right-most column can be an inequality - the rest must
    **         use the "==" and "IN" operators. For example, if the 
    **         index is on (x,y,z), then the following clauses are all 
    **         optimized:
    **
    **            x=5
    **            x=5 AND y=10
    **            x=5 AND y<10
    **            x=5 AND y>5 AND y<10
    **            x=5 AND y=5 AND z<=10
    **
    **         The z<10 term of the following cannot be used, only
    **         the x=5 term:
    **
    **            x=5 AND z<10
    **
    **         N may be zero if there are inequality constraints.
    **         If there are no inequality constraints, then N is at
    **         least one.
    **
    **         This case is also used when there are no WHERE clause
    **         constraints but an index is selected anyway, in order
    **         to force the output order to conform to an ORDER BY.
    */  
    static const u8 aStartOp[] = {
      0,
      0,
      OP_Rewind,           /* 2: (!start_constraints && startEq &&  !bRev) */
      OP_Last,             /* 3: (!start_constraints && startEq &&   bRev) */
      OP_SeekGT,           /* 4: (start_constraints  && !startEq && !bRev) */
      OP_SeekLT,           /* 5: (start_constraints  && !startEq &&  bRev) */
      OP_SeekGE,           /* 6: (start_constraints  &&  startEq && !bRev) */
      OP_SeekLE            /* 7: (start_constraints  &&  startEq &&  bRev) */
    };
    static const u8 aEndOp[] = {
      OP_IdxGE,            /* 0: (end_constraints && !bRev && !endEq) */
      OP_IdxGT,            /* 1: (end_constraints && !bRev &&  endEq) */
      OP_IdxLE,            /* 2: (end_constraints &&  bRev && !endEq) */
      OP_IdxLT,            /* 3: (end_constraints &&  bRev &&  endEq) */
    };
    u16 nEq = pLoop->u.btree.nEq;     /* Number of == or IN terms */
    int regBase;                 /* Base register holding constraint values */
    WhereTerm *pRangeStart = 0;  /* Inequality constraint at range start */
    WhereTerm *pRangeEnd = 0;    /* Inequality constraint at range end */
    int startEq;                 /* True if range start uses ==, >= or <= */
    int endEq;                   /* True if range end uses ==, >= or <= */
    int start_constraints;       /* Start of range is constrained */
    int nConstraint;             /* Number of constraint terms */
    Index *pIdx;                 /* The index we will be using */
    int iIdxCur;                 /* The VDBE cursor for the index */
    int nExtraReg = 0;           /* Number of extra registers needed */
    int op;                      /* Instruction opcode */
    char *zStartAff;             /* Affinity for start of range constraint */
    char cEndAff = 0;            /* Affinity for end of range constraint */
    u8 bSeekPastNull = 0;        /* True to seek past initial nulls */
    u8 bStopAtNull = 0;          /* Add condition to terminate at NULLs */

    pIdx = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex;
    iIdxCur = pLevel->iIdxCur;
    assert( nEq>=pLoop->nSkip );

    /* If this loop satisfies a sort order (pOrderBy) request that 
    ** was passed to this function to implement a "SELECT min(x) ..." 
    ** query, then the caller will only allow the loop to run for
    ** a single iteration. This means that the first row returned
    ** should not have a NULL value stored in 'x'. If column 'x' is
    ** the first one after the nEq equality constraints in the index,
    ** this requires some special handling.
    */
    assert( pWInfo->pOrderBy==0
         || pWInfo->pOrderBy->nExpr==1
         || (pWInfo->wctrlFlags&WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN)==0 );
    if( (pWInfo->wctrlFlags&WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN)!=0
     && pWInfo->nOBSat>0
     && (pIdx->nKeyCol>nEq)
    ){
      assert( pLoop->nSkip==0 );
      bSeekPastNull = 1;
      nExtraReg = 1;
    }

    /* Find any inequality constraint terms for the start and end 
    ** of the range. 
    */
    j = nEq;
    if( pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_BTM_LIMIT ){
      pRangeStart = pLoop->aLTerm[j++];
      nExtraReg = 1;
      /* Like optimization range constraints always occur in pairs */
      assert( (pRangeStart->wtFlags & TERM_LIKEOPT)==0 || 
              (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_TOP_LIMIT)!=0 );
    }
    if( pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_TOP_LIMIT ){
      pRangeEnd = pLoop->aLTerm[j++];
      nExtraReg = 1;
      if( (pRangeEnd->wtFlags & TERM_LIKEOPT)!=0 ){
        assert( pRangeStart!=0 );                     /* LIKE opt constraints */
        assert( pRangeStart->wtFlags & TERM_LIKEOPT );   /* occur in pairs */
        pLevel->iLikeRepCntr = ++pParse->nMem;
        testcase( bRev );
        testcase( pIdx->aSortOrder[nEq]==SQLITE_SO_DESC );
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer,
                          bRev ^ (pIdx->aSortOrder[nEq]==SQLITE_SO_DESC),
                          pLevel->iLikeRepCntr);
        VdbeComment((v, "LIKE loop counter"));
        pLevel->addrLikeRep = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
      }
      if( pRangeStart==0
       && (j = pIdx->aiColumn[nEq])>=0 
       && pIdx->pTable->aCol[j].notNull==0
      ){
        bSeekPastNull = 1;
      }
    }
    assert( pRangeEnd==0 || (pRangeEnd->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL)==0 );

    /* Generate code to evaluate all constraint terms using == or IN
    ** and store the values of those terms in an array of registers
    ** starting at regBase.
    */
    regBase = codeAllEqualityTerms(pParse,pLevel,bRev,nExtraReg,&zStartAff);
    assert( zStartAff==0 || sqlite3Strlen30(zStartAff)>=nEq );
    if( zStartAff ) cEndAff = zStartAff[nEq];
    addrNxt = pLevel->addrNxt;

    /* If we are doing a reverse order scan on an ascending index, or
    ** a forward order scan on a descending index, interchange the 
    ** start and end terms (pRangeStart and pRangeEnd).
    */
    if( (nEq<pIdx->nKeyCol && bRev==(pIdx->aSortOrder[nEq]==SQLITE_SO_ASC))
     || (bRev && pIdx->nKeyCol==nEq)
    ){
      SWAP(WhereTerm *, pRangeEnd, pRangeStart);
      SWAP(u8, bSeekPastNull, bStopAtNull);
    }

    testcase( pRangeStart && (pRangeStart->eOperator & WO_LE)!=0 );
    testcase( pRangeStart && (pRangeStart->eOperator & WO_GE)!=0 );
    testcase( pRangeEnd && (pRangeEnd->eOperator & WO_LE)!=0 );
    testcase( pRangeEnd && (pRangeEnd->eOperator & WO_GE)!=0 );
    startEq = !pRangeStart || pRangeStart->eOperator & (WO_LE|WO_GE);
    endEq =   !pRangeEnd || pRangeEnd->eOperator & (WO_LE|WO_GE);
    start_constraints = pRangeStart || nEq>0;

    /* Seek the index cursor to the start of the range. */
    nConstraint = nEq;
    if( pRangeStart ){
      Expr *pRight = pRangeStart->pExpr->pRight;
      sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pRight, regBase+nEq);
      whereLikeOptimizationStringFixup(v, pLevel, pRangeStart);
      if( (pRangeStart->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL)==0
       && sqlite3ExprCanBeNull(pRight)
      ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, regBase+nEq, addrNxt);
        VdbeCoverage(v);
      }
      if( zStartAff ){
        if( sqlite3CompareAffinity(pRight, zStartAff[nEq])==SQLITE_AFF_NONE){
          /* Since the comparison is to be performed with no conversions
          ** applied to the operands, set the affinity to apply to pRight to 
          ** SQLITE_AFF_NONE.  */
          zStartAff[nEq] = SQLITE_AFF_NONE;
        }
        if( sqlite3ExprNeedsNoAffinityChange(pRight, zStartAff[nEq]) ){
          zStartAff[nEq] = SQLITE_AFF_NONE;
        }
      }  
      nConstraint++;
      testcase( pRangeStart->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL );
    }else if( bSeekPastNull ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, regBase+nEq);
      nConstraint++;
      startEq = 0;
      start_constraints = 1;
    }
    codeApplyAffinity(pParse, regBase, nConstraint - bSeekPastNull, zStartAff);
    op = aStartOp[(start_constraints<<2) + (startEq<<1) + bRev];
    assert( op!=0 );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, op, iIdxCur, addrNxt, regBase, nConstraint);
    VdbeCoverage(v);
    VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==OP_Rewind);  testcase( op==OP_Rewind );
    VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==OP_Last);    testcase( op==OP_Last );
    VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==OP_SeekGT);  testcase( op==OP_SeekGT );
    VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==OP_SeekGE);  testcase( op==OP_SeekGE );
    VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==OP_SeekLE);  testcase( op==OP_SeekLE );
    VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==OP_SeekLT);  testcase( op==OP_SeekLT );

    /* Load the value for the inequality constraint at the end of the
    ** range (if any).
    */
    nConstraint = nEq;
    if( pRangeEnd ){
      Expr *pRight = pRangeEnd->pExpr->pRight;
      sqlite3ExprCacheRemove(pParse, regBase+nEq, 1);
      sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pRight, regBase+nEq);
      whereLikeOptimizationStringFixup(v, pLevel, pRangeEnd);
      if( (pRangeEnd->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL)==0
       && sqlite3ExprCanBeNull(pRight)
      ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, regBase+nEq, addrNxt);
        VdbeCoverage(v);
      }
      if( sqlite3CompareAffinity(pRight, cEndAff)!=SQLITE_AFF_NONE
       && !sqlite3ExprNeedsNoAffinityChange(pRight, cEndAff)
      ){
        codeApplyAffinity(pParse, regBase+nEq, 1, &cEndAff);
      }
      nConstraint++;
      testcase( pRangeEnd->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL );
    }else if( bStopAtNull ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, regBase+nEq);
      endEq = 0;
      nConstraint++;
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(db, zStartAff);

    /* Top of the loop body */
    pLevel->p2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);

    /* Check if the index cursor is past the end of the range. */
    if( nConstraint ){
      op = aEndOp[bRev*2 + endEq];
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, op, iIdxCur, addrNxt, regBase, nConstraint);
      testcase( op==OP_IdxGT );  VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==OP_IdxGT );
      testcase( op==OP_IdxGE );  VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==OP_IdxGE );
      testcase( op==OP_IdxLT );  VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==OP_IdxLT );
      testcase( op==OP_IdxLE );  VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==OP_IdxLE );
    }

    /* Seek the table cursor, if required */
    disableTerm(pLevel, pRangeStart);
    disableTerm(pLevel, pRangeEnd);
    if( omitTable ){
      /* pIdx is a covering index.  No need to access the main table. */
    }else if( HasRowid(pIdx->pTable) ){
      iRowidReg = ++pParse->nMem;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxRowid, iIdxCur, iRowidReg);
      sqlite3ExprCacheStore(pParse, iCur, -1, iRowidReg);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Seek, iCur, iRowidReg);  /* Deferred seek */
    }else if( iCur!=iIdxCur ){
      Index *pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pIdx->pTable);
      iRowidReg = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, pPk->nKeyCol);
      for(j=0; j<pPk->nKeyCol; j++){
        k = sqlite3ColumnOfIndex(pIdx, pPk->aiColumn[j]);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, k, iRowidReg+j);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NotFound, iCur, addrCont,
                           iRowidReg, pPk->nKeyCol); VdbeCoverage(v);
    }

    /* Record the instruction used to terminate the loop. Disable 
    ** WHERE clause terms made redundant by the index range scan.
    */
    if( pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_ONEROW ){
      pLevel->op = OP_Noop;
    }else if( bRev ){
      pLevel->op = OP_Prev;
    }else{
      pLevel->op = OP_Next;
    }
    pLevel->p1 = iIdxCur;
    pLevel->p3 = (pLoop->wsFlags&WHERE_UNQ_WANTED)!=0 ? 1:0;
    if( (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_CONSTRAINT)==0 ){
      pLevel->p5 = SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_FULLSCAN_STEP;
    }else{
      assert( pLevel->p5==0 );
    }
  }else

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_OR_OPTIMIZATION
  if( pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_MULTI_OR ){
    /* Case 5:  Two or more separately indexed terms connected by OR
    **
    ** Example:
    **
    **   CREATE TABLE t1(a,b,c,d);
    **   CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(a);
    **   CREATE INDEX i2 ON t1(b);
    **   CREATE INDEX i3 ON t1(c);
    **
    **   SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=5 OR b=7 OR (c=11 AND d=13)
    **
    ** In the example, there are three indexed terms connected by OR.
    ** The top of the loop looks like this:
    **
    **          Null       1                # Zero the rowset in reg 1
    **
    ** Then, for each indexed term, the following. The arguments to
    ** RowSetTest are such that the rowid of the current row is inserted
    ** into the RowSet. If it is already present, control skips the
    ** Gosub opcode and jumps straight to the code generated by WhereEnd().
    **
    **        sqlite3WhereBegin(<term>)
    **          RowSetTest                  # Insert rowid into rowset
    **          Gosub      2 A
    **        sqlite3WhereEnd()
    **
    ** Following the above, code to terminate the loop. Label A, the target
    ** of the Gosub above, jumps to the instruction right after the Goto.
    **
    **          Null       1                # Zero the rowset in reg 1
    **          Goto       B                # The loop is finished.
    **
    **       A: <loop body>                 # Return data, whatever.
    **
    **          Return     2                # Jump back to the Gosub
    **
    **       B: <after the loop>
    **
    ** Added 2014-05-26: If the table is a WITHOUT ROWID table, then
    ** use an ephemeral index instead of a RowSet to record the primary
    ** keys of the rows we have already seen.
    **
    */
    WhereClause *pOrWc;    /* The OR-clause broken out into subterms */
    SrcList *pOrTab;       /* Shortened table list or OR-clause generation */
    Index *pCov = 0;             /* Potential covering index (or NULL) */
    int iCovCur = pParse->nTab++;  /* Cursor used for index scans (if any) */

    int regReturn = ++pParse->nMem;           /* Register used with OP_Gosub */
    int regRowset = 0;                        /* Register for RowSet object */
    int regRowid = 0;                         /* Register holding rowid */
    int iLoopBody = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);  /* Start of loop body */
    int iRetInit;                             /* Address of regReturn init */
    int untestedTerms = 0;             /* Some terms not completely tested */
    int ii;                            /* Loop counter */
    u16 wctrlFlags;                    /* Flags for sub-WHERE clause */
    Expr *pAndExpr = 0;                /* An ".. AND (...)" expression */
    Table *pTab = pTabItem->pTab;
   
    pTerm = pLoop->aLTerm[0];
    assert( pTerm!=0 );
    assert( pTerm->eOperator & WO_OR );
    assert( (pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_ORINFO)!=0 );
    pOrWc = &pTerm->u.pOrInfo->wc;
    pLevel->op = OP_Return;
    pLevel->p1 = regReturn;

    /* Set up a new SrcList in pOrTab containing the table being scanned
    ** by this loop in the a[0] slot and all notReady tables in a[1..] slots.
    ** This becomes the SrcList in the recursive call to sqlite3WhereBegin().
    */
    if( pWInfo->nLevel>1 ){
      int nNotReady;                 /* The number of notReady tables */
      struct SrcList_item *origSrc;     /* Original list of tables */
      nNotReady = pWInfo->nLevel - iLevel - 1;
      pOrTab = sqlite3StackAllocRaw(db,
                            sizeof(*pOrTab)+ nNotReady*sizeof(pOrTab->a[0]));
      if( pOrTab==0 ) return notReady;
      pOrTab->nAlloc = (u8)(nNotReady + 1);
      pOrTab->nSrc = pOrTab->nAlloc;
      memcpy(pOrTab->a, pTabItem, sizeof(*pTabItem));
      origSrc = pWInfo->pTabList->a;
      for(k=1; k<=nNotReady; k++){
        memcpy(&pOrTab->a[k], &origSrc[pLevel[k].iFrom], sizeof(pOrTab->a[k]));
      }
    }else{
      pOrTab = pWInfo->pTabList;
    }

    /* Initialize the rowset register to contain NULL. An SQL NULL is 
    ** equivalent to an empty rowset.  Or, create an ephemeral index
    ** capable of holding primary keys in the case of a WITHOUT ROWID.
    **
    ** Also initialize regReturn to contain the address of the instruction 
    ** immediately following the OP_Return at the bottom of the loop. This
    ** is required in a few obscure LEFT JOIN cases where control jumps
    ** over the top of the loop into the body of it. In this case the 
    ** correct response for the end-of-loop code (the OP_Return) is to 
    ** fall through to the next instruction, just as an OP_Next does if
    ** called on an uninitialized cursor.
    */
    if( (pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_DUPLICATES_OK)==0 ){
      if( HasRowid(pTab) ){
        regRowset = ++pParse->nMem;
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, regRowset);
      }else{
        Index *pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab);
        regRowset = pParse->nTab++;
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_OpenEphemeral, regRowset, pPk->nKeyCol);
        sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pPk);
      }
      regRowid = ++pParse->nMem;
    }
    iRetInit = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, regReturn);

    /* If the original WHERE clause is z of the form:  (x1 OR x2 OR ...) AND y
    ** Then for every term xN, evaluate as the subexpression: xN AND z
    ** That way, terms in y that are factored into the disjunction will
    ** be picked up by the recursive calls to sqlite3WhereBegin() below.
    **
    ** Actually, each subexpression is converted to "xN AND w" where w is
    ** the "interesting" terms of z - terms that did not originate in the
    ** ON or USING clause of a LEFT JOIN, and terms that are usable as 
    ** indices.
    **
    ** This optimization also only applies if the (x1 OR x2 OR ...) term
    ** is not contained in the ON clause of a LEFT JOIN.
    ** See ticket http://www.sqlite.org/src/info/f2369304e4
    */
    if( pWC->nTerm>1 ){
      int iTerm;
      for(iTerm=0; iTerm<pWC->nTerm; iTerm++){
        Expr *pExpr = pWC->a[iTerm].pExpr;
        if( &pWC->a[iTerm] == pTerm ) continue;
        if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_FromJoin) ) continue;
        if( (pWC->a[iTerm].wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL)!=0 ) continue;
        if( (pWC->a[iTerm].eOperator & WO_ALL)==0 ) continue;
        testcase( pWC->a[iTerm].wtFlags & TERM_ORINFO );
        pExpr = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pExpr, 0);
        pAndExpr = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pAndExpr, pExpr);
      }
      if( pAndExpr ){
        pAndExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_AND, 0, pAndExpr, 0);
      }
    }

    /* Run a separate WHERE clause for each term of the OR clause.  After
    ** eliminating duplicates from other WHERE clauses, the action for each
    ** sub-WHERE clause is to to invoke the main loop body as a subroutine.
    */
    wctrlFlags =  WHERE_OMIT_OPEN_CLOSE
                | WHERE_FORCE_TABLE
                | WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY
                | WHERE_NO_AUTOINDEX;
    for(ii=0; ii<pOrWc->nTerm; ii++){
      WhereTerm *pOrTerm = &pOrWc->a[ii];
      if( pOrTerm->leftCursor==iCur || (pOrTerm->eOperator & WO_AND)!=0 ){
        WhereInfo *pSubWInfo;           /* Info for single OR-term scan */
        Expr *pOrExpr = pOrTerm->pExpr; /* Current OR clause term */
        int j1 = 0;                     /* Address of jump operation */
        if( pAndExpr && !ExprHasProperty(pOrExpr, EP_FromJoin) ){
          pAndExpr->pLeft = pOrExpr;
          pOrExpr = pAndExpr;
        }
        /* Loop through table entries that match term pOrTerm. */
        WHERETRACE(0xffff, ("Subplan for OR-clause:\n"));
        pSubWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, pOrTab, pOrExpr, 0, 0,
                                      wctrlFlags, iCovCur);
        assert( pSubWInfo || pParse->nErr || db->mallocFailed );
        if( pSubWInfo ){
          WhereLoop *pSubLoop;
          int addrExplain = explainOneScan(
              pParse, pOrTab, &pSubWInfo->a[0], iLevel, pLevel->iFrom, 0
          );
          addScanStatus(v, pOrTab, &pSubWInfo->a[0], addrExplain);

          /* This is the sub-WHERE clause body.  First skip over
          ** duplicate rows from prior sub-WHERE clauses, and record the
          ** rowid (or PRIMARY KEY) for the current row so that the same
          ** row will be skipped in subsequent sub-WHERE clauses.
          */
          if( (pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_DUPLICATES_OK)==0 ){
            int r;
            int iSet = ((ii==pOrWc->nTerm-1)?-1:ii);
            if( HasRowid(pTab) ){
              r = sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumn(pParse, pTab, -1, iCur, regRowid, 0);
              j1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_RowSetTest, regRowset, 0, r,iSet);
              VdbeCoverage(v);
            }else{
              Index *pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab);
              int nPk = pPk->nKeyCol;
              int iPk;

              /* Read the PK into an array of temp registers. */
              r = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nPk);
              for(iPk=0; iPk<nPk; iPk++){
                int iCol = pPk->aiColumn[iPk];
                sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumn(pParse, pTab, iCol, iCur, r+iPk, 0);
              }

              /* Check if the temp table already contains this key. If so,
              ** the row has already been included in the result set and
              ** can be ignored (by jumping past the Gosub below). Otherwise,
              ** insert the key into the temp table and proceed with processing
              ** the row.
              **
              ** Use some of the same optimizations as OP_RowSetTest: If iSet
              ** is zero, assume that the key cannot already be present in
              ** the temp table. And if iSet is -1, assume that there is no 
              ** need to insert the key into the temp table, as it will never 
              ** be tested for.  */ 
              if( iSet ){
                j1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_Found, regRowset, 0, r, nPk);
                VdbeCoverage(v);
              }
              if( iSet>=0 ){
                sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, r, nPk, regRowid);
                sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IdxInsert, regRowset, regRowid, 0);
                if( iSet ) sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT);
              }

              /* Release the array of temp registers */
              sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, r, nPk);
            }
          }

          /* Invoke the main loop body as a subroutine */
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Gosub, regReturn, iLoopBody);

          /* Jump here (skipping the main loop body subroutine) if the
          ** current sub-WHERE row is a duplicate from prior sub-WHEREs. */
          if( j1 ) sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j1);

          /* The pSubWInfo->untestedTerms flag means that this OR term
          ** contained one or more AND term from a notReady table.  The
          ** terms from the notReady table could not be tested and will
          ** need to be tested later.
          */
          if( pSubWInfo->untestedTerms ) untestedTerms = 1;

          /* If all of the OR-connected terms are optimized using the same
          ** index, and the index is opened using the same cursor number
          ** by each call to sqlite3WhereBegin() made by this loop, it may
          ** be possible to use that index as a covering index.
          **
          ** If the call to sqlite3WhereBegin() above resulted in a scan that
          ** uses an index, and this is either the first OR-connected term
          ** processed or the index is the same as that used by all previous
          ** terms, set pCov to the candidate covering index. Otherwise, set 
          ** pCov to NULL to indicate that no candidate covering index will 
          ** be available.
          */
          pSubLoop = pSubWInfo->a[0].pWLoop;
          assert( (pSubLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_AUTO_INDEX)==0 );
          if( (pSubLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_INDEXED)!=0
           && (ii==0 || pSubLoop->u.btree.pIndex==pCov)
           && (HasRowid(pTab) || !IsPrimaryKeyIndex(pSubLoop->u.btree.pIndex))
          ){
            assert( pSubWInfo->a[0].iIdxCur==iCovCur );
            pCov = pSubLoop->u.btree.pIndex;
            wctrlFlags |= WHERE_REOPEN_IDX;
          }else{
            pCov = 0;
          }

          /* Finish the loop through table entries that match term pOrTerm. */
          sqlite3WhereEnd(pSubWInfo);
        }
      }
    }
    pLevel->u.pCovidx = pCov;
    if( pCov ) pLevel->iIdxCur = iCovCur;
    if( pAndExpr ){
      pAndExpr->pLeft = 0;
      sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pAndExpr);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, iRetInit, sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v));
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, pLevel->addrBrk);
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iLoopBody);

    if( pWInfo->nLevel>1 ) sqlite3StackFree(db, pOrTab);
    if( !untestedTerms ) disableTerm(pLevel, pTerm);
  }else
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_OR_OPTIMIZATION */

  {
    /* Case 6:  There is no usable index.  We must do a complete
    **          scan of the entire table.
    */
    static const u8 aStep[] = { OP_Next, OP_Prev };
    static const u8 aStart[] = { OP_Rewind, OP_Last };
    assert( bRev==0 || bRev==1 );
    if( pTabItem->isRecursive ){
      /* Tables marked isRecursive have only a single row that is stored in
      ** a pseudo-cursor.  No need to Rewind or Next such cursors. */
      pLevel->op = OP_Noop;
    }else{
      pLevel->op = aStep[bRev];
      pLevel->p1 = iCur;
      pLevel->p2 = 1 + sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, aStart[bRev], iCur, addrBrk);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, bRev==0);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, bRev!=0);
      pLevel->p5 = SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_FULLSCAN_STEP;
    }
  }

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STMT_SCANSTATUS
  pLevel->addrVisit = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
#endif

  /* Insert code to test every subexpression that can be completely
  ** computed using the current set of tables.
  */
  for(pTerm=pWC->a, j=pWC->nTerm; j>0; j--, pTerm++){
    Expr *pE;
    int skipLikeAddr = 0;
    testcase( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL );
    testcase( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_CODED );
    if( pTerm->wtFlags & (TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_CODED) ) continue;
    if( (pTerm->prereqAll & pLevel->notReady)!=0 ){
      testcase( pWInfo->untestedTerms==0
               && (pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY)!=0 );
      pWInfo->untestedTerms = 1;
      continue;
    }
    pE = pTerm->pExpr;
    assert( pE!=0 );
    if( pLevel->iLeftJoin && !ExprHasProperty(pE, EP_FromJoin) ){
      continue;
    }
    if( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_LIKECOND ){
      assert( pLevel->iLikeRepCntr>0 );
      skipLikeAddr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfNot, pLevel->iLikeRepCntr);
      VdbeCoverage(v);
    }
    sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pE, addrCont, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
    if( skipLikeAddr ) sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, skipLikeAddr);
    pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_CODED;
  }

  /* Insert code to test for implied constraints based on transitivity
  ** of the "==" operator.
  **
  ** Example: If the WHERE clause contains "t1.a=t2.b" and "t2.b=123"
  ** and we are coding the t1 loop and the t2 loop has not yet coded,
  ** then we cannot use the "t1.a=t2.b" constraint, but we can code
  ** the implied "t1.a=123" constraint.
  */
  for(pTerm=pWC->a, j=pWC->nTerm; j>0; j--, pTerm++){
    Expr *pE, *pEAlt;
    WhereTerm *pAlt;
    if( pTerm->wtFlags & (TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_CODED) ) continue;
    if( (pTerm->eOperator & (WO_EQ|WO_IS))==0 ) continue;
    if( (pTerm->eOperator & WO_EQUIV)==0 ) continue;
    if( pTerm->leftCursor!=iCur ) continue;
    if( pLevel->iLeftJoin ) continue;
    pE = pTerm->pExpr;
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(pE, EP_FromJoin) );
    assert( (pTerm->prereqRight & pLevel->notReady)!=0 );
    pAlt = findTerm(pWC, iCur, pTerm->u.leftColumn, notReady,
                    WO_EQ|WO_IN|WO_IS, 0);
    if( pAlt==0 ) continue;
    if( pAlt->wtFlags & (TERM_CODED) ) continue;
    testcase( pAlt->eOperator & WO_EQ );
    testcase( pAlt->eOperator & WO_IS );
    testcase( pAlt->eOperator & WO_IN );
    VdbeModuleComment((v, "begin transitive constraint"));
    pEAlt = sqlite3StackAllocRaw(db, sizeof(*pEAlt));
    if( pEAlt ){
      *pEAlt = *pAlt->pExpr;
      pEAlt->pLeft = pE->pLeft;
      sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pEAlt, addrCont, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
      sqlite3StackFree(db, pEAlt);
    }
  }

  /* For a LEFT OUTER JOIN, generate code that will record the fact that
  ** at least one row of the right table has matched the left table.  
  */
  if( pLevel->iLeftJoin ){
    pLevel->addrFirst = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 1, pLevel->iLeftJoin);
    VdbeComment((v, "record LEFT JOIN hit"));
    sqlite3ExprCacheClear(pParse);
    for(pTerm=pWC->a, j=0; j<pWC->nTerm; j++, pTerm++){
      testcase( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL );
      testcase( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_CODED );
      if( pTerm->wtFlags & (TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_CODED) ) continue;
      if( (pTerm->prereqAll & pLevel->notReady)!=0 ){
        assert( pWInfo->untestedTerms );
        continue;
      }
      assert( pTerm->pExpr );
      sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pTerm->pExpr, addrCont, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
      pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_CODED;
    }
  }

  return pLevel->notReady;
}

#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED
/*
** Print the content of a WhereTerm object
*/
static void whereTermPrint(WhereTerm *pTerm, int iTerm){
  if( pTerm==0 ){
................................................................................
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<pWInfo->nLevel; i++){
      WhereLevel *pLevel = &pWInfo->a[i];
      if( pLevel->pWLoop && (pLevel->pWLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_IN_ABLE) ){
        sqlite3DbFree(db, pLevel->u.in.aInLoop);
      }
    }
    whereClauseClear(&pWInfo->sWC);
    while( pWInfo->pLoops ){
      WhereLoop *p = pWInfo->pLoops;
      pWInfo->pLoops = p->pNextLoop;
      whereLoopDelete(db, p);
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pWInfo);
  }
................................................................................
  return rc;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
/*
** Add all WhereLoop objects for a table of the join identified by
** pBuilder->pNew->iTab.  That table is guaranteed to be a virtual table.





















*/
static int whereLoopAddVirtual(
  WhereLoopBuilder *pBuilder,  /* WHERE clause information */
  Bitmask mExtra


){
  WhereInfo *pWInfo;           /* WHERE analysis context */
  Parse *pParse;               /* The parsing context */
  WhereClause *pWC;            /* The WHERE clause */
  struct SrcList_item *pSrc;   /* The FROM clause term to search */
  Table *pTab;
  sqlite3 *db;
................................................................................
  int nConstraint;
  int seenIn = 0;              /* True if an IN operator is seen */
  int seenVar = 0;             /* True if a non-constant constraint is seen */
  int iPhase;                  /* 0: const w/o IN, 1: const, 2: no IN,  2: IN */
  WhereLoop *pNew;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;


  pWInfo = pBuilder->pWInfo;
  pParse = pWInfo->pParse;
  db = pParse->db;
  pWC = pBuilder->pWC;
  pNew = pBuilder->pNew;
  pSrc = &pWInfo->pTabList->a[pNew->iTab];
  pTab = pSrc->pTab;
  assert( IsVirtual(pTab) );
  pIdxInfo = allocateIndexInfo(pParse, pWC, pSrc, pBuilder->pOrderBy);
  if( pIdxInfo==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  pNew->prereq = 0;
  pNew->rSetup = 0;
  pNew->wsFlags = WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE;
  pNew->nLTerm = 0;
  pNew->u.vtab.needFree = 0;
  pUsage = pIdxInfo->aConstraintUsage;
................................................................................
      pTerm = &pWC->a[j];
      switch( iPhase ){
        case 0:    /* Constants without IN operator */
          pIdxCons->usable = 0;
          if( (pTerm->eOperator & WO_IN)!=0 ){
            seenIn = 1;
          }
          if( pTerm->prereqRight!=0 ){
            seenVar = 1;
          }else if( (pTerm->eOperator & WO_IN)==0 ){
            pIdxCons->usable = 1;
          }
          break;
        case 1:    /* Constants with IN operators */
          assert( seenIn );
          pIdxCons->usable = (pTerm->prereqRight==0);
          break;
        case 2:    /* Variables without IN */
          assert( seenVar );
          pIdxCons->usable = (pTerm->eOperator & WO_IN)==0;
          break;
        default:   /* Variables with IN */
          assert( seenVar && seenIn );
................................................................................
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

/*
** Add WhereLoop entries to handle OR terms.  This works for either
** btrees or virtual tables.
*/

static int whereLoopAddOr(WhereLoopBuilder *pBuilder, Bitmask mExtra){



  WhereInfo *pWInfo = pBuilder->pWInfo;
  WhereClause *pWC;
  WhereLoop *pNew;
  WhereTerm *pTerm, *pWCEnd;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  int iCur;
  WhereClause tempWC;
................................................................................
          for(i=0; i<sSubBuild.pWC->nTerm; i++){
            whereTermPrint(&sSubBuild.pWC->a[i], i);
          }
        }
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
        if( IsVirtual(pItem->pTab) ){
          rc = whereLoopAddVirtual(&sSubBuild, mExtra);
        }else
#endif
        {
          rc = whereLoopAddBtree(&sSubBuild, mExtra);
        }
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          rc = whereLoopAddOr(&sSubBuild, mExtra);
        }
        assert( rc==SQLITE_OK || sCur.n==0 );
        if( sCur.n==0 ){
          sSum.n = 0;
          break;
        }else if( once ){
          whereOrMove(&sSum, &sCur);
................................................................................
static int whereLoopAddAll(WhereLoopBuilder *pBuilder){
  WhereInfo *pWInfo = pBuilder->pWInfo;
  Bitmask mExtra = 0;
  Bitmask mPrior = 0;
  int iTab;
  SrcList *pTabList = pWInfo->pTabList;
  struct SrcList_item *pItem;

  sqlite3 *db = pWInfo->pParse->db;
  int nTabList = pWInfo->nLevel;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  u8 priorJoinType = 0;
  WhereLoop *pNew;


  /* Loop over the tables in the join, from left to right */
  pNew = pBuilder->pNew;
  whereLoopInit(pNew);
  for(iTab=0, pItem=pTabList->a; iTab<nTabList; iTab++, pItem++){

    pNew->iTab = iTab;
    pNew->maskSelf = getMask(&pWInfo->sMaskSet, pItem->iCursor);
    if( ((pItem->jointype|priorJoinType) & (JT_LEFT|JT_CROSS))!=0 ){


      mExtra = mPrior;
    }
    priorJoinType = pItem->jointype;
    if( IsVirtual(pItem->pTab) ){






      rc = whereLoopAddVirtual(pBuilder, mExtra);
    }else{
      rc = whereLoopAddBtree(pBuilder, mExtra);
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = whereLoopAddOr(pBuilder, mExtra);
    }
    mPrior |= pNew->maskSelf;
    if( rc || db->mallocFailed ) break;
  }

  whereLoopClear(db, pNew);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Examine a WherePath (with the addition of the extra WhereLoop of the 5th
** parameters) to see if it outputs rows in the requested ORDER BY
................................................................................
    ** loops.
    */
    for(i=0; i<nOrderBy; i++){
      if( MASKBIT(i) & obSat ) continue;
      pOBExpr = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pOrderBy->a[i].pExpr);
      if( pOBExpr->op!=TK_COLUMN ) continue;
      if( pOBExpr->iTable!=iCur ) continue;
      pTerm = findTerm(&pWInfo->sWC, iCur, pOBExpr->iColumn,
                       ~ready, WO_EQ|WO_ISNULL|WO_IS, 0);
      if( pTerm==0 ) continue;
      if( (pTerm->eOperator&(WO_EQ|WO_IS))!=0 && pOBExpr->iColumn>=0 ){
        const char *z1, *z2;
        pColl = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pWInfo->pParse, pOrderBy->a[i].pExpr);
        if( !pColl ) pColl = db->pDfltColl;
        z1 = pColl->zName;
................................................................................
    if( isOrderDistinct ){
      orderDistinctMask |= pLoop->maskSelf;
      for(i=0; i<nOrderBy; i++){
        Expr *p;
        Bitmask mTerm;
        if( MASKBIT(i) & obSat ) continue;
        p = pOrderBy->a[i].pExpr;
        mTerm = exprTableUsage(&pWInfo->sMaskSet,p);
        if( mTerm==0 && !sqlite3ExprIsConstant(p) ) continue;
        if( (mTerm&~orderDistinctMask)==0 ){
          obSat |= MASKBIT(i);
        }
      }
    }
  } /* End the loop over all WhereLoops from outer-most down to inner-most */
................................................................................
  
  pWInfo = pBuilder->pWInfo;
  if( pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_FORCE_TABLE ) return 0;
  assert( pWInfo->pTabList->nSrc>=1 );
  pItem = pWInfo->pTabList->a;
  pTab = pItem->pTab;
  if( IsVirtual(pTab) ) return 0;
  if( pItem->zIndex ) return 0;
  iCur = pItem->iCursor;
  pWC = &pWInfo->sWC;
  pLoop = pBuilder->pNew;
  pLoop->wsFlags = 0;
  pLoop->nSkip = 0;
  pTerm = findTerm(pWC, iCur, -1, 0, WO_EQ|WO_IS, 0);
  if( pTerm ){
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_IS );
    pLoop->wsFlags = WHERE_COLUMN_EQ|WHERE_IPK|WHERE_ONEROW;
    pLoop->aLTerm[0] = pTerm;
    pLoop->nLTerm = 1;
    pLoop->u.btree.nEq = 1;
    /* TUNING: Cost of a rowid lookup is 10 */
................................................................................
      assert( pLoop->aLTermSpace==pLoop->aLTerm );
      if( !IsUniqueIndex(pIdx)
       || pIdx->pPartIdxWhere!=0 
       || pIdx->nKeyCol>ArraySize(pLoop->aLTermSpace) 
      ) continue;
      opMask = pIdx->uniqNotNull ? (WO_EQ|WO_IS) : WO_EQ;
      for(j=0; j<pIdx->nKeyCol; j++){
        pTerm = findTerm(pWC, iCur, pIdx->aiColumn[j], 0, opMask, pIdx);
        if( pTerm==0 ) break;
        testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_IS );
        pLoop->aLTerm[j] = pTerm;
      }
      if( j!=pIdx->nKeyCol ) continue;
      pLoop->wsFlags = WHERE_COLUMN_EQ|WHERE_ONEROW|WHERE_INDEXED;
      if( pIdx->isCovering || (pItem->colUsed & ~columnsInIndex(pIdx))==0 ){
................................................................................
      pLoop->rRun = 39;  /* 39==sqlite3LogEst(15) */
      break;
    }
  }
  if( pLoop->wsFlags ){
    pLoop->nOut = (LogEst)1;
    pWInfo->a[0].pWLoop = pLoop;
    pLoop->maskSelf = getMask(&pWInfo->sMaskSet, iCur);
    pWInfo->a[0].iTabCur = iCur;
    pWInfo->nRowOut = 1;
    if( pWInfo->pOrderBy ) pWInfo->nOBSat =  pWInfo->pOrderBy->nExpr;
    if( pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_WANT_DISTINCT ){
      pWInfo->eDistinct = WHERE_DISTINCT_UNIQUE;
    }
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
................................................................................
  sWLB.pNew->cId = '*';
#endif

  /* Split the WHERE clause into separate subexpressions where each
  ** subexpression is separated by an AND operator.
  */
  initMaskSet(pMaskSet);
  whereClauseInit(&pWInfo->sWC, pWInfo);
  whereSplit(&pWInfo->sWC, pWhere, TK_AND);
    
  /* Special case: a WHERE clause that is constant.  Evaluate the
  ** expression and either jump over all of the code or fall thru.
  */
  for(ii=0; ii<sWLB.pWC->nTerm; ii++){
    if( nTabList==0 || sqlite3ExprIsConstantNotJoin(sWLB.pWC->a[ii].pExpr) ){
      sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, sWLB.pWC->a[ii].pExpr, pWInfo->iBreak,
................................................................................
  for(ii=0; ii<pTabList->nSrc; ii++){
    createMask(pMaskSet, pTabList->a[ii].iCursor);
  }
#ifndef NDEBUG
  {
    Bitmask toTheLeft = 0;
    for(ii=0; ii<pTabList->nSrc; ii++){
      Bitmask m = getMask(pMaskSet, pTabList->a[ii].iCursor);
      assert( (m-1)==toTheLeft );
      toTheLeft |= m;
    }
  }
#endif

  /* Analyze all of the subexpressions.  Note that exprAnalyze() might
  ** add new virtual terms onto the end of the WHERE clause.  We do not
  ** want to analyze these virtual terms, so start analyzing at the end
  ** and work forward so that the added virtual terms are never processed.
  */
  exprAnalyzeAll(pTabList, &pWInfo->sWC);
  if( db->mallocFailed ){
    goto whereBeginError;
  }

  if( wctrlFlags & WHERE_WANT_DISTINCT ){
    if( isDistinctRedundant(pParse, pTabList, &pWInfo->sWC, pResultSet) ){
      /* The DISTINCT marking is pointless.  Ignore it. */
      pWInfo->eDistinct = WHERE_DISTINCT_UNIQUE;
    }else if( pOrderBy==0 ){
      /* Try to ORDER BY the result set to make distinct processing easier */
................................................................................
      pWInfo->pOrderBy = pResultSet;
    }
  }

  /* Construct the WhereLoop objects */
  WHERETRACE(0xffff,("*** Optimizer Start ***\n"));
#if defined(WHERETRACE_ENABLED)
  /* Display all terms of the WHERE clause */
  if( sqlite3WhereTrace & 0x100 ){
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<sWLB.pWC->nTerm; i++){
      whereTermPrint(&sWLB.pWC->a[i], i);
    }
  }
#endif

  if( nTabList!=1 || whereShortCut(&sWLB)==0 ){
    rc = whereLoopAddAll(&sWLB);
    if( rc ) goto whereBeginError;
  
    /* Display all of the WhereLoop objects if wheretrace is enabled */
#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED /* !=0 */
    if( sqlite3WhereTrace ){
      WhereLoop *p;
      int i;
      static char zLabel[] = "0123456789abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwyxz"
                                       "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWYXZ";
      for(p=pWInfo->pLoops, i=0; p; p=p->pNextLoop, i++){
        p->cId = zLabel[i%sizeof(zLabel)];
        whereLoopPrint(p, sWLB.pWC);
      }
    }
#endif
  
................................................................................
  }
  if( pWInfo->pOrderBy==0 && (db->flags & SQLITE_ReverseOrder)!=0 ){
     pWInfo->revMask = (Bitmask)(-1);
  }
  if( pParse->nErr || NEVER(db->mallocFailed) ){
    goto whereBeginError;
  }
#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED /* !=0 */
  if( sqlite3WhereTrace ){
    sqlite3DebugPrintf("---- Solution nRow=%d", pWInfo->nRowOut);
    if( pWInfo->nOBSat>0 ){
      sqlite3DebugPrintf(" ORDERBY=%d,0x%llx", pWInfo->nOBSat, pWInfo->revMask);
    }
    switch( pWInfo->eDistinct ){
      case WHERE_DISTINCT_UNIQUE: {
................................................................................
  }
#endif
  /* Attempt to omit tables from the join that do not effect the result */
  if( pWInfo->nLevel>=2
   && pResultSet!=0
   && OptimizationEnabled(db, SQLITE_OmitNoopJoin)
  ){
    Bitmask tabUsed = exprListTableUsage(pMaskSet, pResultSet);

    if( sWLB.pOrderBy ) tabUsed |= exprListTableUsage(pMaskSet, sWLB.pOrderBy);

    while( pWInfo->nLevel>=2 ){
      WhereTerm *pTerm, *pEnd;
      pLoop = pWInfo->a[pWInfo->nLevel-1].pWLoop;
      if( (pWInfo->pTabList->a[pLoop->iTab].jointype & JT_LEFT)==0 ) break;
      if( (wctrlFlags & WHERE_WANT_DISTINCT)==0
       && (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_ONEROW)==0
      ){
................................................................................
  }
  WHERETRACE(0xffff,("*** Optimizer Finished ***\n"));
  pWInfo->pParse->nQueryLoop += pWInfo->nRowOut;

  /* If the caller is an UPDATE or DELETE statement that is requesting
  ** to use a one-pass algorithm, determine if this is appropriate.
  ** The one-pass algorithm only works if the WHERE clause constrains
  ** the statement to update a single row.
  */
  assert( (wctrlFlags & WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED)==0 || pWInfo->nLevel==1 );
  if( (wctrlFlags & WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED)!=0 
   && (pWInfo->a[0].pWLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_ONEROW)!=0 ){
    pWInfo->okOnePass = 1;
    if( HasRowid(pTabList->a[0].pTab) ){
      pWInfo->a[0].pWLoop->wsFlags &= ~WHERE_IDX_ONLY;
    }
  }

  /* Open all tables in the pTabList and any indices selected for
  ** searching those tables.
  */
  notReady = ~(Bitmask)0;
  for(ii=0, pLevel=pWInfo->a; ii<nTabList; ii++, pLevel++){
    Table *pTab;     /* Table to open */
    int iDb;         /* Index of database containing table/index */
    struct SrcList_item *pTabItem;

    pTabItem = &pTabList->a[pLevel->iFrom];
    pTab = pTabItem->pTab;
................................................................................
        Bitmask b = pTabItem->colUsed;
        int n = 0;
        for(; b; b=b>>1, n++){}
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)-1, 
                            SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(n), P4_INT32);
        assert( n<=pTab->nCol );
      }




    }else{
      sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, pTab->tnum, 0, pTab->zName);
    }
    if( pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_INDEXED ){
      Index *pIx = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex;
      int iIndexCur;
      int op = OP_OpenRead;
................................................................................
        if( (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_CONSTRAINT)!=0
         && (pLoop->wsFlags & (WHERE_COLUMN_RANGE|WHERE_SKIPSCAN))==0
         && (pWInfo->wctrlFlags&WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN)==0
        ){
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_SEEKEQ); /* Hint to COMDB2 */
        }
        VdbeComment((v, "%s", pIx->zName));















      }
    }
    if( iDb>=0 ) sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
    notReady &= ~getMask(&pWInfo->sMaskSet, pTabItem->iCursor);
  }
  pWInfo->iTop = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
  if( db->mallocFailed ) goto whereBeginError;

  /* Generate the code to do the search.  Each iteration of the for
  ** loop below generates code for a single nested loop of the VM
  ** program.
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOMATIC_INDEX
    if( (pLevel->pWLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_AUTO_INDEX)!=0 ){
      constructAutomaticIndex(pParse, &pWInfo->sWC,
                &pTabList->a[pLevel->iFrom], notReady, pLevel);
      if( db->mallocFailed ) goto whereBeginError;
    }
#endif
    addrExplain = explainOneScan(
        pParse, pTabList, pLevel, ii, pLevel->iFrom, wctrlFlags
    );
    pLevel->addrBody = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
    notReady = codeOneLoopStart(pWInfo, ii, notReady);
    pWInfo->iContinue = pLevel->addrCont;
    if( (wsFlags&WHERE_MULTI_OR)==0 && (wctrlFlags&WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY)==0 ){
      addScanStatus(v, pTabList, pLevel, addrExplain);
    }
  }

  /* Done. */
  VdbeModuleComment((v, "Begin WHERE-core"));
  return pWInfo;

................................................................................
    0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,  /* Cx */
    0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,  /* Dx */
    0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,  /* Ex */
    1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0,  /* Fx */
};
#define IdChar(C)  (((c=C)>=0x42 && sqlite3IsEbcdicIdChar[c-0x40]))
#endif



SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IsIdChar(u8 c){ return IdChar(c); }



/*
** Return the length of the token that begins at z[0]. 
** Store the token type in *tokenType before returning.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3GetToken(const unsigned char *z, int *tokenType){
................................................................................
#if SQLITE_TEMP_STORE==1
  return ( db->temp_store==2 );
#endif
#if SQLITE_TEMP_STORE==2
  return ( db->temp_store!=1 );
#endif
#if SQLITE_TEMP_STORE==3

  return 1;
#endif
#if SQLITE_TEMP_STORE<1 || SQLITE_TEMP_STORE>3

  return 0;
#endif
}

/*
** Return UTF-8 encoded English language explanation of the most recent
** error.
................................................................................
}

/*
** Interface to the testing logic.
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_CDECL sqlite3_test_control(int op, ...){
  int rc = 0;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST


  va_list ap;
  va_start(ap, op);
  switch( op ){

    /*
    ** Save the current state of the PRNG.
    */
................................................................................
  int prevEscape = 0;     /* True if the previous character was uEsc */

  while( zPattern[iPattern]!=0 ){

    /* Read (and consume) the next character from the input pattern. */
    UChar32 uPattern;
    U8_NEXT_UNSAFE(zPattern, iPattern, uPattern);
    assert(uPattern!=0);

    /* There are now 4 possibilities:
    **
    **     1. uPattern is an unescaped match-all character "%",
    **     2. uPattern is an unescaped match-one character "_",
    **     3. uPattern is an unescaped escape character, or
    **     4. uPattern is to be handled as an ordinary character
................................................................................
  UErrorCode status = U_ZERO_ERROR;
  const char *zLocale;      /* Locale identifier - (eg. "jp_JP") */
  const char *zName;        /* SQL Collation sequence name (eg. "japanese") */
  UCollator *pUCollator;    /* ICU library collation object */
  int rc;                   /* Return code from sqlite3_create_collation_x() */

  assert(nArg==2);

  zLocale = (const char *)sqlite3_value_text(apArg[0]);
  zName = (const char *)sqlite3_value_text(apArg[1]);

  if( !zLocale || !zName ){
    return;
  }

................................................................................
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** The set of routines that implement the simple tokenizer
*/
static const sqlite3_tokenizer_module icuTokenizerModule = {
  0,                           /* iVersion */
  icuCreate,                   /* xCreate  */
  icuDestroy,                  /* xCreate  */
  icuOpen,                     /* xOpen    */
  icuClose,                    /* xClose   */
  icuNext,                     /* xNext    */

};

/*
** Set *ppModule to point at the implementation of the ICU tokenizer.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Fts3IcuTokenizerModule(
  sqlite3_tokenizer_module const**ppModule







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226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
...
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
....
9863
9864
9865
9866
9867
9868
9869
9870
9871
9872
9873
9874
9875
9876
9877
9878

9879
9880
9881
9882
9883

9884
9885
9886
9887
9888
9889
9890
9891
9892
9893
9894
9895
9896
9897
9898
9899
9900
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9940

9941
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9955
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9959
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9961
9962
9963
9964
9965
9966
9967
9968
9969
9970
9971
9972
9973
....
9980
9981
9982
9983
9984
9985
9986
9987
9988
9989
9990
9991
9992
9993
9994
9995
9996
9997
9998
9999
10000
10001
10002
10003
10004
10005
10006
.....
10007
10008
10009
10010
10011
10012
10013
10014
10015
10016
10017
10018
10019
10020
10021
.....
11439
11440
11441
11442
11443
11444
11445
11446
11447
11448
11449
11450
11451
11452
11453
11454
11455
.....
12198
12199
12200
12201
12202
12203
12204
12205
12206
12207
12208
12209
12210
12211
12212
.....
13004
13005
13006
13007
13008
13009
13010
13011
13012
13013
13014
13015
13016
13017
13018
13019
13020
.....
13034
13035
13036
13037
13038
13039
13040
13041
13042
13043
13044
13045
13046
13047
13048
13049
13050
.....
13112
13113
13114
13115
13116
13117
13118




13119
13120
13121
13122
13123
13124
13125
.....
13180
13181
13182
13183
13184
13185
13186
13187
13188
13189
13190
13191
13192
13193
13194
13195
13196
.....
13270
13271
13272
13273
13274
13275
13276
13277
13278
13279
13280
13281
13282
13283
13284
.....
13287
13288
13289
13290
13291
13292
13293
13294
13295
13296
13297
13298
13299
13300
13301
13302
13303
13304
.....
13508
13509
13510
13511
13512
13513
13514
13515
13516
13517
13518
13519
13520
13521
13522
.....
14626
14627
14628
14629
14630
14631
14632
14633
14634
14635
14636
14637
14638
14639
14640
14641
14642
.....
19202
19203
19204
19205
19206
19207
19208
19209
19210
19211
19212
19213
19214
19215
19216
19217
19218
19219
19220
19221
19222
19223
.....
21388
21389
21390
21391
21392
21393
21394
21395



21396
21397
21398
21399
21400
21401
21402
21403
21404
21405
21406
21407
21408
21409
.....
22442
22443
22444
22445
22446
22447
22448

22449
22450
22451
22452
22453
22454
22455
22456
22457
22458
22459
22460
22461
22462
22463
22464
22465
22466
22467
22468
22469
22470
22471
22472


22473






22474
22475
22476
22477
22478
22479
22480
22481
22482
22483
22484
22485
22486
22487
22488
22489
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22493
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22506
22507
22508
22509
22510
22511
22512
22513
22514
22515
22516
22517
22518
22519
22520
.....
22526
22527
22528
22529
22530
22531
22532
22533
22534
22535
22536
22537
22538
22539
22540
22541
22542
22543
22544
22545
22546
22547
22548
22549
22550
22551
22552
22553
22554
22555
22556
22557
22558
22559
22560
22561
22562
22563
22564
22565
22566
22567
22568
22569
22570
22571
22572
22573
22574
22575
22576
22577
22578
22579
22580
22581
22582
22583
22584
22585
22586
22587
22588
22589
22590
22591
22592
22593
22594
22595
22596
22597
22598
22599
22600
22601
22602
22603
22604
22605
22606
22607
22608
22609
22610
22611
22612
22613
22614
22615
22616
22617
22618
22619
22620
22621
22622
22623
22624
22625
22626
22627
22628
22629
22630
22631
22632
22633
22634
22635
22636
22637
22638
22639
22640
22641
22642
22643
22644
22645
22646
22647
22648
22649
22650
22651
22652
22653
22654
22655
22656
22657
22658
22659
22660
22661
22662
22663
22664
22665
22666
22667
22668
22669
22670
22671
22672
22673
22674
22675
22676
22677
22678
22679
22680
22681
22682
22683
22684
22685
22686
22687
22688
22689
22690
22691
22692
22693
22694
22695
22696
22697
22698
22699
22700
22701
22702
22703
22704
22705
22706
22707
22708
22709
22710
22711
22712
22713
22714
22715
22716
22717
22718
22719
22720
22721
22722
22723
22724
22725
22726
22727
22728
22729
22730
22731
22732
22733
22734
22735
22736
22737
22738
22739
22740
22741
22742
22743
22744
22745
22746
22747
22748
22749
22750
22751
22752
22753
22754
22755
22756
22757
22758
22759
22760
22761
22762
22763
22764
22765
22766
22767
22768
22769
22770
22771
22772
22773
22774
22775
22776
22777
22778
22779
22780
22781
22782
22783
22784
22785
22786
22787
22788
22789
22790
22791
22792
22793
22794
22795
22796
22797
22798
22799
22800

22801
22802
22803
22804
22805
22806
22807
22808
22809
22810
22811
22812
22813
22814
22815
22816
22817
22818
22819
22820
22821
22822
22823
22824
22825
22826
22827
22828
22829
22830
22831
22832
22833
22834
22835
22836
22837
22838
22839
22840
22841
22842
22843
22844
22845
22846
22847
22848
22849
22850
22851
22852
22853
22854
22855
22856
22857
22858
22859
22860
22861
22862
22863
22864
22865
22866
22867
22868
22869
22870
22871




22872
22873
22874
22875
22876
22877
22878
22879
22880
22881
22882
22883
22884
22885
22886
22887
22888
22889
22890
22891
22892
22893
22894
22895
22896
22897
22898
22899
22900
.....
25538
25539
25540
25541
25542
25543
25544
25545
25546
25547
25548
25549
25550
25551
25552
25553

25554
25555
25556
25557
25558

25559
25560
25561
25562
25563
25564
25565
25566
25567
25568
25569
25570
25571
25572
25573
25574
25575
25576
25577
25578
25579
25580
25581
25582
25583
25584
25585
25586
25587
25588
25589
25590
25591
25592
25593
25594
25595
25596
25597
25598
25599
25600
25601
25602
25603
25604
25605
25606
25607
25608
25609
25610
25611
25612
25613
25614
25615

25616
25617
25618
25619
25620
25621
25622
25623
25624
25625
25626
25627
25628
25629
25630
25631
25632
25633
25634
25635
25636
25637
25638
25639
25640
25641
25642
25643
25644
25645
25646
25647
25648
.....
39684
39685
39686
39687
39688
39689
39690

39691
39692
39693
39694
39695
39696
39697
.....
39761
39762
39763
39764
39765
39766
39767



39768
39769
39770
39771
39772
39773
39774
.....
39853
39854
39855
39856
39857
39858
39859

39860
39861
39862
39863
39864
39865
39866
.....
40010
40011
40012
40013
40014
40015
40016



40017
40018
40019
40020
40021
40022
40023
.....
40050
40051
40052
40053
40054
40055
40056



40057
40058
40059
40060
40061
40062
40063
.....
40140
40141
40142
40143
40144
40145
40146
40147
40148
40149
40150
40151
40152
40153
40154
40155
40156
40157
40158
40159
40160
40161
.....
40470
40471
40472
40473
40474
40475
40476
40477
40478
40479
40480
40481
40482
40483
40484
40485
40486
40487
40488
40489
40490
40491
40492
.....
40754
40755
40756
40757
40758
40759
40760
40761
40762

40763
40764
40765
40766

40767
40768
40769
40770
40771
40772
40773
40774
40775
40776
40777
40778
40779
40780
40781
40782
40783
40784
40785
40786
40787
40788
40789
40790
40791
.....
40858
40859
40860
40861
40862
40863
40864
40865
40866
40867
40868
40869
40870
40871
40872
40873
40874
40875
40876
40877
.....
41059
41060
41061
41062
41063
41064
41065
41066
41067
41068
41069
41070
41071
41072
41073
41074
41075
.....
41135
41136
41137
41138
41139
41140
41141
41142
41143
41144
41145
41146
41147

41148
41149
41150
41151
41152
41153
41154
41155








41156
41157
41158
41159
41160
41161
41162
41163
41164
41165
41166
41167
41168
41169
41170
41171
41172
41173
41174
41175
41176
41177
41178
41179
41180
41181
41182
41183
41184
41185
41186
41187
41188
41189
41190
41191
41192
41193
41194
41195
41196
41197
41198
41199
41200
41201
41202
41203
41204
41205
41206
41207
41208
41209
41210
41211
41212
41213
41214
41215
41216
41217
41218
41219
.....
52756
52757
52758
52759
52760
52761
52762
52763
52764
52765
52766
52767
52768
52769
52770
.....
52821
52822
52823
52824
52825
52826
52827
52828
52829
52830
52831
52832
52833
52834
52835
52836
.....
52878
52879
52880
52881
52882
52883
52884
52885
52886
52887
52888
52889
52890
52891
52892
.....
52989
52990
52991
52992
52993
52994
52995

52996
52997
52998
52999
53000
53001
53002
.....
53988
53989
53990
53991
53992
53993
53994
53995
53996
53997
53998
53999
54000
54001

54002
54003
54004
54005
54006
54007
54008
54009
54010
.....
54456
54457
54458
54459
54460
54461
54462

54463

54464
54465
54466
54467
54468
54469
54470
54471
54472
54473

54474
54475
54476
54477
54478
54479
54480
54481
54482
54483
54484
54485
54486
54487

54488
54489
54490
54491
54492
54493
54494
54495
54496
54497
54498
54499
54500

54501

54502
54503
54504
54505
54506



54507
54508
54509
54510
54511
54512
54513
54514
54515
54516
54517
54518
54519
54520
54521
54522
54523
54524
54525
54526
54527
54528
54529
54530
54531
54532
54533
54534
54535
54536
54537
54538
54539
54540
54541
54542
54543
54544
54545
54546
54547
54548
54549
54550
54551
54552
54553
54554
54555
54556
54557
54558
54559
54560
54561
54562
54563
54564
54565
54566
54567



54568
54569
54570
54571
54572
54573
54574
54575
54576
54577
54578
54579
54580
54581
54582
54583
54584
54585
54586
54587
54588
54589
54590
54591
54592
54593
54594
54595
54596
54597
54598


54599
54600
54601
54602
54603
54604
54605
54606
54607
54608
54609
54610
54611
54612
54613
54614
54615

54616
54617
54618
54619
54620
54621
54622
54623
54624
54625
54626
54627
54628
54629
54630
54631
54632
54633
54634
54635
54636
54637
54638
54639
























54640
54641
54642
54643
54644
54645
54646
54647
54648
54649
54650
54651
54652
54653
54654
54655
54656
54657
54658
54659
54660
54661
54662
54663
54664
54665
54666
54667
54668
54669
54670
54671
54672
54673
54674
54675
54676





54677
54678
54679
54680
54681
54682
54683
54684
54685
54686
.....
54704
54705
54706
54707
54708
54709
54710
54711
54712
54713
54714
54715
54716
54717
54718
54719
54720
54721
54722
54723
54724
54725
54726
54727
54728
54729
54730
54731
54732
54733
54734
54735
54736
54737
54738
54739
54740
54741
54742
54743
54744
54745
54746
54747
54748
54749
54750
54751
54752
54753
54754
54755
54756
54757
.....
54807
54808
54809
54810
54811
54812
54813
54814
54815
54816
54817
54818
54819
54820
54821
.....
54849
54850
54851
54852
54853
54854
54855
54856
54857
54858
54859
54860
54861
54862
54863
54864
54865
54866
54867

54868
54869
54870
54871
54872
54873
54874
54875
54876
54877
54878
54879
54880

54881
54882
54883
54884
54885
54886
54887
54888
54889
54890


54891
54892
54893
54894
54895



54896
54897
54898
54899
54900
54901
54902
54903
54904
54905
54906
54907
54908
54909
54910
54911
54912
.....
54939
54940
54941
54942
54943
54944
54945
54946
54947
54948
54949
54950
54951
54952
54953
54954
54955
54956
54957
54958
54959
54960
54961
54962
54963

54964


54965
54966
54967
54968
54969
54970
54971
54972
54973
54974
54975
54976
54977
54978

54979
54980
54981
54982
54983
54984
54985
.....
55047
55048
55049
55050
55051
55052
55053
55054
55055
55056
55057
55058
55059
55060
55061
55062
55063
55064
55065
55066
55067
55068
55069
.....
55113
55114
55115
55116
55117
55118
55119
55120
55121
55122
55123
55124
55125
55126
55127
55128
55129
55130
55131
55132
55133
55134
55135
55136
55137
55138
55139
55140
55141
55142
55143
55144
55145
55146
55147
55148
55149
55150
55151
55152
55153
55154
55155
55156
55157
55158
55159
.....
55240
55241
55242
55243
55244
55245
55246
55247
55248
55249
55250
55251
55252
55253
55254
.....
56736
56737
56738
56739
56740
56741
56742
56743
56744
56745
56746
56747
56748
56749
56750
.....
57601
57602
57603
57604
57605
57606
57607







57608
57609
57610
57611
57612
57613
57614
57615
57616
57617
57618
57619


57620
57621
57622

57623
57624
57625
57626
57627
57628











57629
57630
57631
57632
57633
57634
57635
.....
58581
58582
58583
58584
58585
58586
58587
58588
58589
58590
58591
58592
58593
58594
58595
.....
58927
58928
58929
58930
58931
58932
58933
58934
58935
58936
58937
58938
58939
58940
58941
.....
58976
58977
58978
58979
58980
58981
58982
58983
58984
58985
58986
58987
58988
58989
58990
.....
59371
59372
59373
59374
59375
59376
59377
59378
59379
59380
59381
59382
59383
59384
59385
.....
59525
59526
59527
59528
59529
59530
59531
59532
59533
59534
59535
59536
59537
59538
59539
.....
59695
59696
59697
59698
59699
59700
59701



59702
59703
59704
59705
59706
59707
59708
59709
59710
.....
59711
59712
59713
59714
59715
59716
59717
59718
59719
59720
59721
59722
59723
59724
59725
59726
59727
59728
59729
59730
59731
59732
59733
59734
59735
59736
59737
59738
59739
59740
59741
59742
59743
59744
59745
59746
59747


59748
59749
59750
59751
59752
59753
59754

59755
59756
59757
59758
59759
59760
59761
59762
59763
59764
59765
59766
59767
59768
59769
59770
59771
59772
59773
59774
59775
59776
59777
59778
59779
59780
59781
59782
59783
59784
59785
59786
59787
59788
59789
59790
59791
59792
59793
59794
59795
59796
59797
59798
59799
59800
59801
59802
59803
59804
59805
59806
59807
59808
59809
59810
59811
59812
59813
59814
59815
59816
59817
59818
59819
59820
59821
59822
59823
59824
59825
59826
59827
59828
59829
.....
59830
59831
59832
59833
59834
59835
59836
59837
59838
59839
59840
59841
59842
59843
59844
.....
59855
59856
59857
59858
59859
59860
59861

59862
59863
59864
59865
59866
59867
59868
59869
59870
59871
59872
59873
59874
59875
59876
59877
59878
59879
59880
59881
59882
59883
59884
59885
.....
59904
59905
59906
59907
59908
59909
59910
59911
59912
59913
59914
59915
59916
59917
59918
59919
59920

59921
59922
59923
59924
59925
59926
59927
59928
59929
59930
59931
59932
59933
59934
59935
59936
.....
59941
59942
59943
59944
59945
59946
59947
59948
59949
59950
59951
59952
59953
59954
59955
59956
59957
59958
59959
59960
59961
59962
59963
59964
59965
59966
59967
59968
59969
59970
59971
59972
59973
59974
59975
.....
59996
59997
59998
59999
60000
60001
60002
60003
60004
60005
60006
60007
60008

60009
60010
60011
60012
60013
60014
60015
.....
60020
60021
60022
60023
60024
60025
60026
60027


60028
60029
60030
60031
60032


60033
60034
60035
60036
60037
60038
60039
60040
60041
60042
60043
60044
60045
60046
60047
60048
60049
60050
60051
60052
60053
60054
60055
60056
60057
60058
60059
60060
60061
60062
60063
60064
60065
60066
60067
60068
60069
60070
60071
60072
60073
60074
60075
60076
60077
60078
60079
60080
60081
60082
60083
60084
60085
60086
60087
60088
60089
60090
60091
60092
60093
60094
60095
60096
60097
60098
60099
60100
60101
.....
60153
60154
60155
60156
60157
60158
60159
60160
60161
60162
60163
60164
60165
60166
60167
60168
60169
60170
60171
60172
60173
60174
.....
60233
60234
60235
60236
60237
60238
60239
60240
60241
60242
60243
60244
60245
60246
60247
.....
60364
60365
60366
60367
60368
60369
60370

60371
60372
60373
60374
60375
60376
60377
60378
60379
60380

60381
60382
60383
60384
60385
60386
60387
60388
60389
60390


60391
60392
60393
60394
60395
60396
60397
60398
60399
60400
60401
60402
60403
60404
60405
60406
60407
60408
.....
60459
60460
60461
60462
60463
60464
60465
60466
60467
60468
60469
60470
60471
60472
60473
60474
60475
60476
60477
60478
.....
60503
60504
60505
60506
60507
60508
60509
60510
60511
60512
60513
60514
60515
60516
60517
60518
60519
60520
60521
60522
60523
60524
60525
60526
60527
60528
60529
60530
60531
60532
60533
60534
60535
60536
60537
60538
60539
60540
60541
60542
60543
60544
60545

60546
60547
60548
60549
60550
60551
60552
60553
60554
60555
60556
60557
60558
60559
60560
60561
60562
60563
60564
60565
60566
60567
60568
60569
60570
60571
60572
60573
60574
60575
60576
60577
60578
60579
60580
60581
60582



60583
60584
60585
60586



60587
60588
60589
60590
60591
60592
60593

60594
60595


60596
60597
60598
60599
60600
60601
60602
60603
60604
60605
60606
60607
60608
60609
60610
60611
60612
60613
60614
60615
60616
60617
60618
60619
60620
60621
60622
60623
60624
60625
60626
60627
60628
60629
60630
60631
60632
60633
60634
60635
60636
60637
60638
60639
60640
60641
60642
60643
60644
60645
60646
60647
60648
60649
60650
60651
60652
60653
60654
60655
60656
60657
60658
60659
60660
60661
60662
60663
60664
60665

60666
60667
60668
60669
60670
60671
60672
60673
60674
60675
60676
60677
60678
60679
60680
60681
60682
60683
60684
60685
60686
60687
60688
60689
60690
60691
60692
60693
60694
60695
60696
60697
60698
60699
60700
60701
60702
60703
60704



60705
60706
60707
60708
60709
60710
60711
.....
60718
60719
60720
60721
60722
60723
60724
60725
60726
60727
60728
60729
60730


60731
60732
60733
60734
60735
60736



60737
60738
60739
60740
60741
60742
60743
60744
60745
60746
60747
60748
60749
60750
60751
60752
.....
60774
60775
60776
60777
60778
60779
60780
60781
60782
60783
60784
60785
60786
60787
60788
.....
60879
60880
60881
60882
60883
60884
60885
60886
60887
60888
60889
60890
60891
60892
60893
60894
.....
60905
60906
60907
60908
60909
60910
60911
60912
60913
60914
60915
60916
60917
60918
60919
60920
60921
60922
60923
60924
60925
60926
60927
60928
60929
60930
60931
60932
60933
60934
60935
60936
60937
60938
60939
60940
60941
60942
60943
60944
60945
60946
60947
60948
60949
60950
.....
60953
60954
60955
60956
60957
60958
60959
60960
60961
60962
60963
60964
60965
60966
60967
60968
60969
.....
61011
61012
61013
61014
61015
61016
61017
61018
61019
61020
61021
61022
61023
61024
61025
61026
61027
61028
61029
61030
61031
.....
61068
61069
61070
61071
61072
61073
61074
61075
61076
61077
61078
61079
61080
61081
61082
.....
61091
61092
61093
61094
61095
61096
61097
61098
61099
61100
61101
61102
61103
61104
61105
.....
61401
61402
61403
61404
61405
61406
61407
61408
61409
61410
61411
61412
61413
61414
61415
.....
61543
61544
61545
61546
61547
61548
61549
61550
61551
61552
61553
61554
61555
61556
61557
.....
62437
62438
62439
62440
62441
62442
62443
62444
62445
62446
62447
62448
62449
62450
62451
.....
62555
62556
62557
62558
62559
62560
62561
62562
62563
62564
62565
62566
62567
62568
62569
.....
62953
62954
62955
62956
62957
62958
62959
62960
62961
62962
62963
62964
62965
62966
62967
.....
64401
64402
64403
64404
64405
64406
64407
64408
64409
64410
64411
64412
64413
64414
64415
.....
64590
64591
64592
64593
64594
64595
64596
64597
64598
64599
64600
64601
64602
64603
64604
64605
64606
64607
64608
64609
64610
64611
64612
.....
64764
64765
64766
64767
64768
64769
64770
64771
64772
64773
64774
64775
64776
64777
64778
64779
64780
64781
64782
64783
64784
64785
64786
64787
64788
64789
64790
64791
64792
64793
64794
64795
64796
64797
64798
64799
64800
64801
64802
64803
.....
64819
64820
64821
64822
64823
64824
64825



64826












64827
64828
64829
64830
64831
64832
64833
.....
65140
65141
65142
65143
65144
65145
65146
65147
65148
65149
65150
65151
65152
65153
65154
.....
65507
65508
65509
65510
65511
65512
65513
65514
65515
65516
65517
65518
65519
65520
65521
65522
65523
65524
65525
65526
65527
65528
65529
65530
65531
65532
65533
65534
65535
65536
65537
65538
65539
65540
65541
65542
.....
65765
65766
65767
65768
65769
65770
65771
65772
65773
65774
65775
65776
65777
65778
65779
65780
65781
65782
65783
65784
65785
65786
65787
65788
65789
65790
65791
65792
65793
65794
65795
.....
65947
65948
65949
65950
65951
65952
65953
65954
65955
65956
65957
65958
65959
65960
65961
65962
65963
65964
65965
65966
65967
65968
65969
65970
65971
65972
65973
65974
.....
65975
65976
65977
65978
65979
65980
65981
65982
65983
65984
65985
65986
65987
65988
65989
65990
65991
65992
65993
65994
65995
65996
65997
65998
65999
66000
66001
66002
66003
66004
66005
.....
66774
66775
66776
66777
66778
66779
66780
66781
66782
66783
66784
66785

66786
66787
66788
66789
66790
66791
66792
66793
66794
66795
66796
66797
66798
66799
66800
66801
66802
66803
66804
.....
71835
71836
71837
71838
71839
71840
71841
71842
71843
71844
71845
71846
71847
71848
71849
.....
72236
72237
72238
72239
72240
72241
72242
72243
72244


72245



72246
72247
72248
72249
72250
72251
72252
.....
73430
73431
73432
73433
73434
73435
73436
73437
73438
73439
73440
73441
73442
73443
73444
73445
73446
.....
74243
74244
74245
74246
74247
74248
74249
74250
74251
74252
74253
74254
74255
74256
74257
.....
75160
75161
75162
75163
75164
75165
75166
75167
75168
75169
75170
75171
75172
75173
75174
75175
75176
75177
75178
75179
75180
75181
75182
75183
75184
75185
75186
75187
75188
75189
75190
75191
75192
75193
.....
83450
83451
83452
83453
83454
83455
83456
83457
83458
83459
83460
83461
83462
83463
83464
83465
83466
83467
83468
83469
83470
.....
83825
83826
83827
83828
83829
83830
83831
83832
83833
83834
83835
83836
83837
83838
83839
83840
83841
83842
83843
83844
83845
.....
83855
83856
83857
83858
83859
83860
83861
83862
83863
83864
83865
83866
83867
83868
83869
83870
83871
83872
83873
83874
83875
83876
83877
83878
83879
83880
83881
83882
83883
.....
84675
84676
84677
84678
84679
84680
84681
84682
84683
84684
84685
84686
84687
84688
84689
.....
84902
84903
84904
84905
84906
84907
84908
84909
84910
84911
84912
84913
84914
84915
84916
.....
85010
85011
85012
85013
85014
85015
85016
85017
85018
85019
85020
85021
85022
85023
85024
.....
85116
85117
85118
85119
85120
85121
85122
85123
85124
85125
85126
85127
85128
85129
85130
.....
85567
85568
85569
85570
85571
85572
85573
85574
85575
85576
85577
85578
85579
85580
85581
.....
85842
85843
85844
85845
85846
85847
85848











85849
85850
85851
85852
85853
85854
85855
85856
85857
85858
85859
85860

85861
85862
85863

85864
85865
85866
85867
85868
85869
85870
85871
.....
85883
85884
85885
85886
85887
85888
85889

85890

85891
85892
85893
85894
85895
85896
85897
85898
.....
86489
86490
86491
86492
86493
86494
86495
86496
86497
86498
86499
86500
86501
86502
86503
.....
86930
86931
86932
86933
86934
86935
86936






































































































































































































































































86937
86938
86939
86940
86941
86942
86943
.....
87320
87321
87322
87323
87324
87325
87326
87327
87328
87329
87330
87331
87332
87333
87334
87335
87336
87337
87338
87339
87340
87341
87342
87343
87344
87345
87346
87347
87348
.....
88488
88489
88490
88491
88492
88493
88494
88495
88496
88497
88498
88499
88500
88501
88502
.....
92348
92349
92350
92351
92352
92353
92354
92355
92356
92357
92358
92359
92360
92361
92362
.....
92464
92465
92466
92467
92468
92469
92470
92471
92472
92473
92474
92475
92476
92477
92478
92479
92480
92481
.....
92502
92503
92504
92505
92506
92507
92508
92509
92510
92511
92512
92513
92514
92515
92516
.....
92528
92529
92530
92531
92532
92533
92534
92535
92536
92537
92538
92539
92540
92541
92542
.....
92920
92921
92922
92923
92924
92925
92926
92927
92928
92929
92930
92931
92932
92933
92934
92935
92936
92937
92938
92939
92940
92941
92942
92943
92944
92945
92946
92947
92948
92949
92950
92951
92952
92953
92954
92955
92956
92957
.....
93296
93297
93298
93299
93300
93301
93302
93303
93304
93305
93306
93307
93308
93309
93310
.....
95074
95075
95076
95077
95078
95079
95080
95081
95082
95083
95084
95085
95086
95087
95088
.....
95147
95148
95149
95150
95151
95152
95153
95154
95155
95156
95157
95158
95159
95160
95161
95162
95163
95164
95165
95166
95167
.....
96977
96978
96979
96980
96981
96982
96983
96984
96985
96986
96987
96988
96989
96990
96991
96992
.....
97594
97595
97596
97597
97598
97599
97600
97601
97602
97603
97604
97605
97606
97607

97608


97609
97610
97611
97612
97613
97614
97615
97616
.....
97644
97645
97646
97647
97648
97649
97650
97651
97652
97653
97654
97655
97656
97657
97658
.....
97668
97669
97670
97671
97672
97673
97674
97675
97676
97677
97678
97679

97680
97681
97682
97683
97684
97685
97686
97687
.....
97718
97719
97720
97721
97722
97723
97724
97725
97726
97727
97728
97729
97730
97731
97732
.....
97764
97765
97766
97767
97768
97769
97770
97771
97772
97773
97774
97775
97776
97777
97778
......
100278
100279
100280
100281
100282
100283
100284
100285
100286
100287
100288
100289
100290
100291
100292
......
100321
100322
100323
100324
100325
100326
100327
100328
100329
100330
100331
100332
100333
100334
100335
100336
100337
100338
100339
100340
100341
100342
100343
100344
100345
100346
100347
......
100355
100356
100357
100358
100359
100360
100361
100362
100363
100364
100365
100366
100367
100368
100369
......
101603
101604
101605
101606
101607
101608
101609
101610
101611
101612
101613
101614
101615
101616
101617
101618
......
102714
102715
102716
102717
102718
102719
102720
102721
102722
102723
102724
102725
102726
102727
102728
102729
......
103355
103356
103357
103358
103359
103360
103361
103362
103363
103364
103365
103366
103367
103368
103369
103370
103371
103372
......
107093
107094
107095
107096
107097
107098
107099
107100
107101
107102
107103
107104
107105
107106
107107
107108
......
107438
107439
107440
107441
107442
107443
107444
107445
107446
107447
107448
107449
107450
107451
107452
107453
107454
107455
107456
107457
......
107853
107854
107855
107856
107857
107858
107859
107860
107861
107862
107863
107864
107865
107866
107867
107868
......
107907
107908
107909
107910
107911
107912
107913
107914
107915
107916
107917
107918
107919
107920
107921
107922
......
108391
108392
108393
108394
108395
108396
108397
108398
108399
108400
108401
108402
108403
108404
108405
108406
108407
108408
108409
108410
108411
108412
108413
108414
108415
108416
108417
108418










108419
108420
108421
108422
108423
108424
108425
......
108464
108465
108466
108467
108468
108469
108470
108471
108472
108473
108474
108475
108476
108477
108478
108479
108480
108481
108482
108483
108484
......
108788
108789
108790
108791
108792
108793
108794
108795
108796
108797
108798
108799
108800
108801
108802
108803
108804
108805
108806
108807
......
108949
108950
108951
108952
108953
108954
108955
108956
108957
108958
108959
108960
108961
108962
108963
108964
108965
108966
......
109171
109172
109173
109174
109175
109176
109177
109178
109179
109180
109181
109182
109183
109184
109185
......
109197
109198
109199
109200
109201
109202
109203

109204
109205
109206
109207
109208
109209
109210
109211
109212



109213
109214
109215
109216
109217
109218
109219
......
109314
109315
109316
109317
109318
109319
109320
109321




109322
109323
109324
109325
109326
109327
109328
......
109933
109934
109935
109936
109937
109938
109939
109940


109941
109942
109943
109944
109945
109946
109947
......
110292
110293
110294
110295
110296
110297
110298
110299
110300
110301
110302
110303
110304
110305
110306
110307
......
110503
110504
110505
110506
110507
110508
110509
110510
110511
110512
110513

110514
110515
110516
110517
110518
110519
110520
......
110786
110787
110788
110789
110790
110791
110792
110793
110794
110795
110796
110797
110798
110799
110800
110801
110802
110803
110804
110805
110806
110807
110808
110809
110810
110811
110812
110813
110814
110815
110816
110817
110818
110819
110820
110821
110822
110823
110824
110825
110826
110827
110828
110829
110830
110831
110832
110833
110834
110835
110836
110837
110838
110839
110840
110841
110842
110843
110844
110845
110846
110847
110848
110849
110850
110851
110852
110853
110854
110855
110856
110857
110858
110859
110860
110861
110862
110863
110864
110865
110866
110867
110868
110869
110870
110871
110872
......
110945
110946
110947
110948
110949
110950
110951
110952
110953
110954
110955
110956
110957
110958
110959
110960
110961
110962
110963
110964
110965
110966
110967
110968
......
111891
111892
111893
111894
111895
111896
111897

111898
111899
111900
111901
111902

111903
111904
111905
111906
111907
111908
111909
111910





111911
111912
111913
111914
111915
111916
111917
111918
111919
111920
111921
111922
111923
111924
111925
111926
111927
111928
111929
111930
111931
111932
111933
111934
111935
111936
111937
111938
111939
111940
111941
111942
111943
111944
111945
111946
111947
111948
111949
111950
111951
111952
111953
111954
111955
111956
111957
111958
111959
111960
111961
111962
111963
111964
111965
111966
111967
111968
111969
111970
111971


111972
111973
111974
111975
111976
111977
111978
......
111989
111990
111991
111992
111993
111994
111995
111996
111997
111998
111999
112000

112001
112002
112003
112004
112005
112006

112007
112008
112009
112010
112011
112012
112013
112014
112015
112016
112017
112018
112019
112020
112021
......
112058
112059
112060
112061
112062
112063
112064

112065

112066



112067
112068
112069
112070
112071
112072

112073
112074
112075
112076
112077






112078




112079
112080
112081
112082
112083
112084
112085
112086
112087
112088
......
112094
112095
112096
112097
112098
112099
112100
112101
112102
112103
112104

112105
112106
112107
112108
112109
112110
112111
112112
112113
112114
112115
112116
112117
112118
112119
112120
112121
112122
112123
112124
......
112141
112142
112143
112144
112145
112146
112147
112148
112149
112150
112151
112152
112153
112154
112155
112156
112157
112158
112159
112160
112161
112162
......
112226
112227
112228
112229
112230
112231
112232

112233
112234
112235
112236
112237
112238
112239
112240
112241
112242
112243
......
112407
112408
112409
112410
112411
112412
112413
112414
112415
112416
112417
112418
112419
112420
112421
112422
......
112480
112481
112482
112483
112484
112485
112486
112487
112488
112489
112490
112491
112492
112493
112494
112495
......
112645
112646
112647
112648
112649
112650
112651
112652
112653
112654
112655
112656
112657
112658
112659
112660
......
112679
112680
112681
112682
112683
112684
112685






























































































112686
112687
112688
112689
112690
112691
112692
......
116303
116304
116305
116306
116307
116308
116309
116310
116311
116312
116313
116314
116315
116316
116317
116318
116319
116320
116321
116322
116323
116324
116325
116326
116327
116328
116329
116330
116331
116332
116333
116334
116335
116336
116337
......
116346
116347
116348
116349
116350
116351
116352
116353
116354
116355
116356
116357
116358
116359
116360
......
116488
116489
116490
116491
116492
116493
116494




116495
116496
116497
116498
116499
116500
116501
......
116695
116696
116697
116698
116699
116700
116701
116702
116703
116704
116705
116706
116707
116708
116709
116710
116711
116712
116713
......
116750
116751
116752
116753
116754
116755
116756
116757
116758
116759
116760
116761
116762
116763
116764
116765
116766
116767
116768
116769
116770
116771
116772
116773
116774
116775
116776
116777
116778
116779
116780
116781
116782
116783
116784
116785
116786
116787
116788
116789
116790
116791
116792
116793
116794
116795
116796
116797
116798
116799
116800
116801
116802
116803
116804
116805
116806
116807
116808
116809
116810
116811
116812
116813
116814
116815
116816
116817
116818
116819
......
116856
116857
116858
116859
116860
116861
116862
116863
116864
116865
116866
116867
116868
116869
116870
116871
116872
116873
116874
116875
116876
116877
116878
116879
116880
116881
116882
116883
116884
116885
116886
116887
116888
116889
116890
116891
116892
116893
116894
116895
116896
116897
116898
116899
116900
116901
116902
116903
116904
116905
116906
116907
116908
116909
116910
116911
116912
116913
116914
116915
116916
116917
116918
116919
116920
116921
116922
116923
116924
116925
116926
116927
116928
116929
116930
116931
116932
116933
116934
116935
116936
116937
116938
116939
116940
116941
116942
116943
116944
116945
116946
116947
116948
116949
116950
116951
116952
116953
116954
116955
116956
116957
116958
116959
116960
116961
116962
116963
116964
116965
116966
116967
116968
116969
116970
116971
116972
116973
116974
116975
116976
116977
116978
116979
116980
116981
116982
116983
116984
116985
116986
116987
116988
116989
116990
116991
116992
116993
116994
116995
116996
116997
116998
116999
117000
117001
117002
117003
117004
117005
117006
117007
117008
117009
117010
117011
117012
117013
117014
117015
117016
117017
117018
117019
117020
117021
117022
117023
117024
117025
117026
117027
117028
117029
117030
117031
117032
117033
117034
117035
117036
117037
117038
117039
117040
117041
117042
117043
117044
117045
117046
117047
117048
117049
117050
117051
117052
117053
117054
117055
117056
117057
117058
117059
117060
117061
117062
117063
117064
117065
117066
117067
117068
117069
117070
117071
117072
117073
117074
117075
117076
117077
117078
117079
117080
117081
117082
117083
117084
117085
117086
117087
117088
117089
117090
117091
117092
117093
117094
117095
117096
117097
117098
117099
117100
117101
117102
117103
117104
117105
117106
117107
117108
117109
117110
117111
117112
117113
117114
117115
117116
117117
117118
117119
117120
117121
117122
117123
117124
117125
117126
117127
117128
117129
117130
117131
117132
117133
117134
117135
117136
117137
117138
117139
117140
117141
117142
117143
117144
117145
117146
117147
117148
117149
117150
117151
117152
117153
117154
117155
117156
117157
117158
117159
117160
117161
117162
117163
117164
117165
117166
117167
117168
117169
117170
117171
117172
117173
117174
117175
117176
117177
117178
117179
117180
117181
117182
117183
117184
117185
117186
117187
117188
117189
117190
117191
117192
117193
117194
117195
117196
117197
117198
117199
117200
117201
117202
117203
117204
117205
117206
117207
117208
117209
117210
117211
117212
117213
117214
117215
117216
117217
117218
117219
117220
117221
117222
117223
117224
117225
117226
117227
117228
117229
117230
117231
117232
117233
117234
117235
117236
117237
117238
117239
117240
117241
117242
117243
117244
117245
117246
117247
117248
117249
117250
117251
117252
117253
117254
117255
117256
117257
117258
117259
117260
117261
117262
117263
117264
117265
117266
117267
117268
117269
117270
117271
117272
117273
117274
117275
117276
117277
117278
117279
117280
117281
117282
117283
117284
117285
117286
117287
117288
117289
117290
117291
117292
117293
117294
117295
117296
117297
117298
117299
117300
117301
117302
117303
117304
117305
117306
117307
117308
117309
117310
117311
117312
117313
117314
117315
117316
117317
117318
117319
117320
117321
117322
117323
117324
117325
117326
117327
117328
117329
117330
117331
117332
117333
117334
117335
117336
117337
117338
117339
117340
117341
117342
117343
117344
117345
117346
117347
117348
117349
117350
117351
117352
117353
117354
117355
117356
117357
117358
117359
117360
117361
117362
117363
117364
117365
117366
117367
117368
117369
117370
117371
117372
117373
117374
117375
117376
117377
117378
117379
117380
117381
117382
117383
117384
117385
117386
117387
117388
117389
117390
117391
117392
117393
117394
117395
117396
117397
117398
117399
117400
117401
117402
117403
117404
117405
117406
117407
117408
117409
117410
117411
117412
117413
117414
117415
117416
117417
117418
117419
117420
117421
117422
117423
117424
117425
117426
117427
117428
117429
117430
117431
117432
117433
117434
117435
117436
117437
117438
117439
117440
117441
117442
117443
117444
117445
117446
117447
117448
117449
117450
117451
117452
117453
117454
117455
117456
117457
117458
117459
117460
117461
117462
117463
117464
117465
117466
117467
117468
117469
117470
117471
117472
117473
117474
117475
117476
117477
117478
117479
117480
117481
117482
117483
117484
117485
117486
117487
117488
117489
117490
117491
117492
117493
117494
117495
117496
117497
117498
117499
117500
117501
117502
117503
117504
117505
117506
117507
117508
117509
117510
117511
117512
117513
117514
117515
117516
117517
117518
117519
117520
117521
117522
117523
117524
117525
117526
117527
117528
117529
117530
117531
117532
117533
117534
117535
117536
117537
117538
117539
117540
117541
117542
117543
117544
117545
117546
117547
117548
117549
117550
117551
117552
117553
117554
117555
117556
117557
117558
117559
117560
117561
117562
117563
117564
117565
117566
117567
117568
117569
117570
117571
117572
117573
117574
117575
117576
117577
117578
117579
117580
117581
117582
117583
117584
117585
117586
117587
117588
117589
117590
117591
117592
117593
117594
117595
117596
117597
117598
117599
117600
117601
117602
117603
117604
117605
117606
117607
117608
117609
117610
117611
117612
117613
117614
117615
117616
117617
117618
117619
117620
117621
117622
117623
117624
117625
117626
117627
117628
117629
117630
117631
117632
117633
117634
117635
117636
117637
117638
117639
117640
117641
117642
117643
117644
117645
117646
117647
117648
117649
117650
117651
117652
117653
117654
117655
117656
117657
117658
117659
117660
117661
117662
117663
117664
117665
117666
117667
117668
117669
117670
117671
117672
117673
117674
117675
117676
117677
117678
117679
117680
117681
117682
117683
117684
117685
117686
117687
117688
117689
117690
117691
117692
117693
117694
117695
117696
117697
117698
117699
117700
117701
117702
117703
117704
117705
117706
117707
117708
117709
117710
117711
117712
117713
117714
117715
117716
117717
117718
117719
117720
117721
117722
117723
117724
117725
117726
117727
117728
117729
117730
117731
117732
117733
117734
117735
117736
117737
117738
117739
117740
117741
117742
117743
117744
117745
117746
117747
117748
117749
117750
117751
117752
117753
117754
117755
117756
117757
117758
117759
117760
117761
117762
117763
117764
117765
117766
117767
117768
117769
117770
117771
117772
117773
117774
117775
117776
117777
117778
117779
117780
117781
117782
117783
117784
117785
117786
117787
117788
117789
117790
117791
117792
117793
117794
117795
117796
117797
117798
117799
117800
117801
117802
117803
117804
117805
117806
117807
117808
117809
117810
117811
117812
117813
117814
117815
117816
117817
117818
117819
117820
117821
117822
117823
117824
117825
117826
117827
117828
117829
117830
117831
117832
117833
117834
117835
117836
117837
117838
117839
117840
117841
117842
117843
117844
117845
117846
117847
117848
117849
117850
117851
117852
117853
117854
117855
117856
117857
117858
117859
117860
117861
117862
117863
117864
117865
117866
117867
117868
117869
117870
117871
117872
117873
117874
117875
117876
117877
117878
117879
117880
117881
117882
117883
117884
117885
117886
117887
117888
117889
117890
117891
117892
117893
117894
117895
117896
117897
117898
117899
117900
117901
117902
117903
117904
117905
117906
117907
117908
117909
117910
117911
117912
117913
117914
117915
117916
117917
117918
117919
117920
117921
117922
117923
117924
117925
117926
117927
117928
117929
117930
117931
117932
117933
117934
117935
117936
117937
117938
117939
117940
117941
117942
117943
117944
117945
117946
117947
117948
117949
117950
117951
117952
117953
117954
117955
117956
117957
117958
117959
117960
117961
117962
117963
117964
117965
117966
117967
117968
117969
117970
117971
117972
117973
117974
117975
117976
117977
117978
117979
117980
117981
117982
117983
117984
117985
117986
117987
117988
117989
117990
117991
117992
117993
117994
117995
117996
117997
117998
117999
118000
118001
118002
118003
118004
118005
118006
118007
118008
118009
118010
118011
118012
118013
118014
118015
118016
118017
118018
118019
118020
118021
118022
118023
118024
118025
118026
118027
118028
118029
118030
118031
118032
118033
118034
118035
118036
118037
118038
118039
118040
118041
118042
118043
118044
118045
118046
118047
118048
118049
118050
118051
118052
118053
118054
118055
118056
118057
118058
118059
118060
118061
118062
118063
118064
118065
118066
118067
118068
118069
118070
118071
118072
118073
118074
118075
118076
118077
118078
118079
118080
118081
118082
118083
118084
118085
118086
118087
118088
118089
118090
118091
118092
118093
118094
118095
118096
118097
118098
118099
118100
118101
118102
118103
118104
118105
118106
118107
118108
118109
118110
118111
118112
118113
118114
118115
118116
118117
118118
118119
118120
118121
118122
118123
118124
118125
118126
118127
118128
118129
118130
118131
118132
118133
118134
118135
118136
118137
118138
118139
118140
118141
118142
118143
118144
118145
118146
118147
118148
118149
118150
118151
118152
118153
118154
118155
118156
118157
118158
118159
118160
118161
118162
118163
118164
118165
118166
118167
118168
118169
118170
118171
118172
118173
118174
118175
118176
118177
118178
118179
118180
118181
118182
118183
118184
118185
118186
118187
118188
118189
118190
118191
118192
118193
118194
118195
118196
118197
118198
118199
118200
118201
118202
118203
118204
118205
118206
118207
118208
118209
118210
118211
118212
118213
118214
118215
118216
118217
118218
118219
118220
118221
118222
118223
118224
118225
118226
118227
118228
118229
118230
118231
118232
118233
118234
118235
118236
118237
118238
118239
118240
118241
118242
118243
118244
118245
118246
118247
118248
118249
118250
118251
118252
118253
118254
118255
118256
118257
118258
118259
118260
118261
118262
118263
118264
118265
118266
118267
118268
118269
118270
118271
118272
118273
118274
118275
118276
118277
118278
118279
118280
118281
118282
118283
118284
118285
118286
118287
118288
118289
118290
118291
118292
118293
118294
118295
118296
118297
118298
118299
118300
118301
118302
118303
118304
118305
118306
118307
118308
118309
118310
118311
118312
118313
118314
118315
118316
118317
118318
118319
118320
118321
118322
118323
118324
118325
118326
118327
118328
118329
118330
118331
118332
118333
118334
118335
118336
118337
118338
118339
118340
118341
118342
118343
118344
118345
118346
118347
118348
118349
118350
118351
118352
118353
118354
118355
118356
118357
118358
118359
118360
118361
118362
118363
118364
118365
118366
118367
118368
118369
118370
118371
118372
118373
118374
118375
118376
118377
118378
118379
118380
118381
118382
118383
118384























118385
118386
118387
118388
118389
118390
118391
......
118432
118433
118434
118435
118436
118437
118438




















































































































118439
118440
118441
118442
118443
118444
118445
......
118512
118513
118514
118515
118516
118517
118518

































































































































































































118519
118520
118521
118522
118523
118524
118525
......
118566
118567
118568
118569
118570
118571
118572
118573
118574
118575
118576
118577
118578
118579
118580
......
118777
118778
118779
118780
118781
118782
118783
118784
118785
118786
118787
118788
118789
118790
118791
......
118806
118807
118808
118809
118810
118811
118812
118813
118814
118815
118816
118817
118818
118819
118820
118821
118822
118823
118824
118825
118826
118827
118828
118829
118830
118831
118832
118833
118834
118835
......
118852
118853
118854
118855
118856
118857
118858
118859
118860
118861
118862
118863
118864
118865
118866
118867
118868
118869
118870
118871
118872
118873
......
118878
118879
118880
118881
118882
118883
118884
118885
118886
118887
118888
118889
118890
118891
118892
118893
118894
118895
118896
118897
118898
118899
118900
118901
118902
118903
118904
118905
118906
118907
118908
118909
118910
118911
118912
118913
118914
118915
......
118977
118978
118979
118980
118981
118982
118983
118984
118985
118986
118987
118988
118989
118990
118991
118992
......
118997
118998
118999
119000
119001
119002
119003
119004
119005
119006
119007
119008
119009
119010
119011
......
119075
119076
119077
119078
119079
119080
119081
119082
119083
119084
119085
119086
119087
119088
119089
......
119108
119109
119110
119111
119112
119113
119114
119115
119116
119117
119118
119119
119120
119121
119122
119123
119124
119125
119126
119127
119128
119129
119130
119131
119132
119133
119134
119135
119136
119137
119138
119139
119140
119141
119142
119143
119144
119145
119146
119147
......
119179
119180
119181
119182
119183
119184
119185
119186
119187
119188
119189
119190
119191
119192
119193
119194
119195
119196
119197
119198
119199
119200
119201
119202
119203
119204
119205
119206
119207
119208
119209
......
119400
119401
119402
119403
119404
119405
119406
119407
119408
119409
119410
119411
119412
119413
119414
119415
......
119464
119465
119466
119467
119468
119469
119470
119471
119472
119473
119474
119475
119476
119477
119478
119479
119480
119481
119482
119483
119484
119485
119486
119487
119488
119489
119490
119491
119492
119493
119494
119495
119496
119497
119498
119499
119500
119501
119502
119503
119504
119505
119506
119507
119508
119509
119510
119511
119512
119513
119514
119515
119516
119517
119518
119519
119520
119521
119522
119523
119524
119525
119526
119527
119528
119529
119530
119531
119532
119533
119534
119535
119536
119537
119538
119539
119540
119541
119542
119543
119544
119545
119546
119547
119548
119549
119550
119551
119552
119553
119554
119555
119556
119557
119558
119559
119560
119561
119562
119563
119564
119565
119566
119567
119568
119569
119570
119571
119572
119573
119574
119575
119576
119577
119578
119579
119580
119581
119582
119583
119584
119585
119586
119587
119588
119589
119590
119591
119592
119593
119594
119595
119596
119597
119598
119599
119600
119601
119602
119603
119604
119605
119606
119607
119608
119609
119610
119611
119612
119613
119614
119615
119616
119617
119618
119619
119620
119621
119622
119623
119624
119625
119626
119627
119628
119629
119630
119631
119632
119633
119634
119635
119636
119637
119638
119639
119640
119641
119642
119643
119644
119645
119646
119647
119648
119649
119650
119651
119652
119653
119654
119655
119656
119657
119658
119659
119660
119661
119662
119663
119664
119665
119666
119667
119668
119669
119670
119671
119672
119673
119674
119675
119676
119677
119678
119679
119680
119681
119682
119683
119684
119685
119686
119687
119688
119689
119690
119691
119692
119693
119694
119695
119696
119697
119698
119699
119700
119701
119702
119703
119704
119705
119706
119707
119708
119709
119710
119711
119712
119713
119714
119715
119716
119717
119718
119719
119720
119721
119722
119723
119724
119725
119726
119727
119728
119729
119730
119731
119732
119733
119734
119735
119736
119737
119738
119739
119740
119741
119742
119743
119744
119745
119746
119747
119748
119749
119750
119751
119752
119753
119754
119755
119756
119757
119758
119759
119760
119761
119762
119763
119764
119765
119766
119767
119768
119769
119770
119771
119772
119773
119774
119775
119776
119777
119778
119779
119780
119781
119782
119783
119784
119785
119786
119787
119788
119789
119790
119791
119792
119793
119794
119795
119796
119797
119798
119799
119800
119801
119802
119803
119804
119805
119806
119807
119808
119809
119810
119811
119812
119813
119814
119815
119816
119817
119818
119819
119820
119821
119822
119823
119824
119825
119826
119827
119828
119829
119830
119831
119832
119833
119834
119835
119836
119837
119838
119839
119840
119841
119842
119843
119844
119845
119846
119847
119848
119849
119850
119851
119852
119853
119854
119855
119856
119857
119858
119859
119860
119861
119862
119863
119864
119865
119866
119867
119868
119869
119870
119871
119872
119873
119874
119875
119876
119877
119878
119879
119880
119881
119882
119883
119884
119885
119886
119887
119888
119889
119890
119891
119892
119893
119894
119895
119896
119897
119898
119899
119900
119901
119902
119903
119904
119905
119906
119907
119908
119909
119910
119911
119912
119913
119914
119915
119916
119917
119918
119919
119920
119921
119922
119923
119924
119925
119926
119927
119928
119929
119930
119931
119932
119933
119934
119935
119936
119937
119938
119939
119940
119941
119942
119943
119944
......
119969
119970
119971
119972
119973
119974
119975
119976
119977
119978
119979
119980
119981
119982
119983
119984
......
120016
120017
120018
120019
120020
120021
120022
120023
120024
120025
120026
120027
120028
120029
120030
......
120347
120348
120349
120350
120351
120352
120353
120354
120355
120356
120357
120358
120359
120360
120361
......
120364
120365
120366
120367
120368
120369
120370
120371
120372
120373
120374
120375
120376
120377
120378
......
120419
120420
120421
120422
120423
120424
120425
120426
120427
120428
120429
120430
120431
120432
120433
......
121141
121142
121143
121144
121145
121146
121147









































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































121148
121149
121150
121151
121152
121153
121154
......
121307
121308
121309
121310
121311
121312
121313
121314
121315
121316
121317
121318
121319
121320
121321
......
122259
122260
122261
122262
122263
122264
122265
122266
122267
122268
122269
122270
122271
122272
122273
122274
122275
122276
122277
122278
122279
122280
122281
122282
122283
122284
122285
122286
122287
122288
122289

122290
122291
122292
122293
122294
122295
122296
122297
122298
......
122305
122306
122307
122308
122309
122310
122311
122312
122313
122314
122315
122316
122317
122318
122319
122320
122321
122322
122323
122324
122325
122326
122327
122328
......
122344
122345
122346
122347
122348
122349
122350
122351
122352
122353
122354
122355
122356
122357
122358
122359
122360
122361
122362
122363
122364
122365
122366
......
122451
122452
122453
122454
122455
122456
122457
122458
122459
122460
122461
122462
122463
122464
122465
122466
122467
122468
122469
......
122514
122515
122516
122517
122518
122519
122520
122521
122522
122523
122524
122525
122526
122527
122528
122529
122530
122531
122532
122533
122534
122535
......
122583
122584
122585
122586
122587
122588
122589
122590
122591

122592

122593
122594
122595
122596
122597
122598
122599
122600
122601
122602
122603
122604
122605
122606
122607
122608
122609
122610
122611
122612
122613
122614
122615
122616
122617
122618
122619
122620
122621
122622
122623
122624
122625
122626
122627
122628
122629
122630
122631
122632
122633
......
122725
122726
122727
122728
122729
122730
122731
122732
122733
122734
122735
122736
122737
122738
122739
......
122862
122863
122864
122865
122866
122867
122868
122869
122870
122871
122872
122873
122874
122875
122876
......
123335
123336
123337
123338
123339
123340
123341
123342
123343
123344
123345
123346
123347
123348
123349
123350
123351
123352
123353
123354
123355
......
123360
123361
123362
123363
123364
123365
123366
123367
123368
123369
123370
123371
123372
123373
123374
......
123381
123382
123383
123384
123385
123386
123387
123388
123389
123390
123391
123392
123393
123394
123395
......
123575
123576
123577
123578
123579
123580
123581
123582
123583
123584
123585
123586
123587
123588
123589
123590
......
123621
123622
123623
123624
123625
123626
123627
123628
123629
123630
123631
123632
123633
123634
123635




123636
123637


123638
123639
123640
123641
123642
123643
123644
......
123646
123647
123648
123649
123650
123651
123652
123653

123654
123655
123656
123657
123658
123659
123660
123661
123662
123663
123664

123665
123666
123667
123668
123669
123670
123671
123672
123673
123674
123675
123676
123677
......
123684
123685
123686
123687
123688
123689
123690
123691
123692
123693
123694
123695
123696
123697
123698
......
123715
123716
123717
123718
123719
123720
123721
123722
123723
123724
123725
123726
123727
123728
123729
123730
123731
123732
......
123749
123750
123751
123752
123753
123754
123755
123756
123757
123758
123759
123760
123761
123762
123763
123764
123765
123766
123767
123768
123769

123770
123771
123772
123773
123774
123775
123776
......
123803
123804
123805
123806
123807
123808
123809
123810
123811
123812
123813
123814
123815
123816
123817
123818
123819
123820
......
123852
123853
123854
123855
123856
123857
123858
123859
123860
123861
123862
123863
123864
123865
123866
123867
123868
123869
123870
123871
123872
123873
123874
123875
123876

123877
123878
123879
123880
123881
123882
123883
......
123891
123892
123893
123894
123895
123896
123897
123898
123899
123900
123901
123902
123903
123904
123905
123906
123907
123908
123909
123910
123911
123912
......
128056
128057
128058
128059
128060
128061
128062
128063
128064
128065
128066
128067
128068
128069
128070
128071
128072
128073
128074
......
130946
130947
130948
130949
130950
130951
130952
130953
130954
130955
130956
130957
130958
130959
130960
130961
130962
130963
130964
......
132222
132223
132224
132225
132226
132227
132228
132229
132230
132231
132232
132233
132234
132235
132236
132237
132238
......
155572
155573
155574
155575
155576
155577
155578

155579
155580
155581
155582
155583
155584
155585
......
155910
155911
155912
155913
155914
155915
155916
155917
155918
155919
155920
155921
155922
155923
155924
......
156234
156235
156236
156237
156238
156239
156240
156241
156242
156243
156244
156245
156246
156247
156248
156249
156250
156251
156252
156253
156254
** "experimental".  Experimental interfaces are normally new
** features recently added to SQLite.  We do not anticipate changes
** to experimental interfaces but reserve the right to make minor changes
** if experience from use "in the wild" suggest such changes are prudent.
**
** The official C-language API documentation for SQLite is derived
** from comments in this file.  This file is the authoritative source
** on how SQLite interfaces are supposed to operate.
**
** The name of this file under configuration management is "sqlite.h.in".
** The makefile makes some minor changes to this file (such as inserting
** the version number) and changes its name to "sqlite3.h" as
** part of the build process.
*/
#ifndef _SQLITE3_H_
................................................................................
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.8.11"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3008011
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2015-06-26 02:41:31 015302f15e46a087ec92f3644c6741600dbf4306"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
#define OP_OpenWrite      55 /* synopsis: root=P2 iDb=P3                   */
#define OP_OpenAutoindex  56 /* synopsis: nColumn=P2                       */
#define OP_OpenEphemeral  57 /* synopsis: nColumn=P2                       */
#define OP_SorterOpen     58
#define OP_SequenceTest   59 /* synopsis: if( cursor[P1].ctr++ ) pc = P2   */
#define OP_OpenPseudo     60 /* synopsis: P3 columns in r[P2]              */
#define OP_Close          61
#define OP_ColumnsUsed    62
#define OP_SeekLT         63 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_SeekLE         64 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_SeekGE         65 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_SeekGT         66 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_Seek           67 /* synopsis: intkey=r[P2]                     */
#define OP_NoConflict     68 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_NotFound       69 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_Found          70 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */

#define OP_Or             71 /* same as TK_OR, synopsis: r[P3]=(r[P1] || r[P2]) */
#define OP_And            72 /* same as TK_AND, synopsis: r[P3]=(r[P1] && r[P2]) */
#define OP_NotExists      73 /* synopsis: intkey=r[P3]                     */
#define OP_Sequence       74 /* synopsis: r[P2]=cursor[P1].ctr++           */
#define OP_NewRowid       75 /* synopsis: r[P2]=rowid                      */

#define OP_IsNull         76 /* same as TK_ISNULL, synopsis: if r[P1]==NULL goto P2 */
#define OP_NotNull        77 /* same as TK_NOTNULL, synopsis: if r[P1]!=NULL goto P2 */
#define OP_Ne             78 /* same as TK_NE, synopsis: if r[P1]!=r[P3] goto P2 */
#define OP_Eq             79 /* same as TK_EQ, synopsis: if r[P1]==r[P3] goto P2 */
#define OP_Gt             80 /* same as TK_GT, synopsis: if r[P1]>r[P3] goto P2 */
#define OP_Le             81 /* same as TK_LE, synopsis: if r[P1]<=r[P3] goto P2 */
#define OP_Lt             82 /* same as TK_LT, synopsis: if r[P1]<r[P3] goto P2 */
#define OP_Ge             83 /* same as TK_GE, synopsis: if r[P1]>=r[P3] goto P2 */
#define OP_Insert         84 /* synopsis: intkey=r[P3] data=r[P2]          */
#define OP_BitAnd         85 /* same as TK_BITAND, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P1]&r[P2] */
#define OP_BitOr          86 /* same as TK_BITOR, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P1]|r[P2] */
#define OP_ShiftLeft      87 /* same as TK_LSHIFT, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P2]<<r[P1] */
#define OP_ShiftRight     88 /* same as TK_RSHIFT, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P2]>>r[P1] */
#define OP_Add            89 /* same as TK_PLUS, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P1]+r[P2] */
#define OP_Subtract       90 /* same as TK_MINUS, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P2]-r[P1] */
#define OP_Multiply       91 /* same as TK_STAR, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P1]*r[P2] */
#define OP_Divide         92 /* same as TK_SLASH, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P2]/r[P1] */
#define OP_Remainder      93 /* same as TK_REM, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P2]%r[P1] */
#define OP_Concat         94 /* same as TK_CONCAT, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P2]+r[P1] */
#define OP_InsertInt      95 /* synopsis: intkey=P3 data=r[P2]             */
#define OP_BitNot         96 /* same as TK_BITNOT, synopsis: r[P1]= ~r[P1] */
#define OP_String8        97 /* same as TK_STRING, synopsis: r[P2]='P4'    */
#define OP_Delete         98
#define OP_ResetCount     99
#define OP_SorterCompare 100 /* synopsis: if key(P1)!=trim(r[P3],P4) goto P2 */
#define OP_SorterData    101 /* synopsis: r[P2]=data                       */
#define OP_RowKey        102 /* synopsis: r[P2]=key                        */
#define OP_RowData       103 /* synopsis: r[P2]=data                       */
#define OP_Rowid         104 /* synopsis: r[P2]=rowid                      */
#define OP_NullRow       105
#define OP_Last          106
#define OP_SorterSort    107
#define OP_Sort          108
#define OP_Rewind        109
#define OP_SorterInsert  110
#define OP_IdxInsert     111 /* synopsis: key=r[P2]                        */
#define OP_IdxDelete     112 /* synopsis: key=r[P2@P3]                     */
#define OP_IdxRowid      113 /* synopsis: r[P2]=rowid                      */
#define OP_IdxLE         114 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_IdxGT         115 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_IdxLT         116 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_IdxGE         117 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]                     */
#define OP_Destroy       118
#define OP_Clear         119
#define OP_ResetSorter   120
#define OP_CreateIndex   121 /* synopsis: r[P2]=root iDb=P1                */
#define OP_CreateTable   122 /* synopsis: r[P2]=root iDb=P1                */
#define OP_ParseSchema   123
#define OP_LoadAnalysis  124
#define OP_DropTable     125
#define OP_DropIndex     126
#define OP_DropTrigger   127
#define OP_IntegrityCk   128
#define OP_RowSetAdd     129 /* synopsis: rowset(P1)=r[P2]                 */
#define OP_RowSetRead    130 /* synopsis: r[P3]=rowset(P1)                 */
#define OP_RowSetTest    131 /* synopsis: if r[P3] in rowset(P1) goto P2   */
#define OP_Program       132

#define OP_Real          133 /* same as TK_FLOAT, synopsis: r[P2]=P4       */
#define OP_Param         134
#define OP_FkCounter     135 /* synopsis: fkctr[P1]+=P2                    */
#define OP_FkIfZero      136 /* synopsis: if fkctr[P1]==0 goto P2          */
#define OP_MemMax        137 /* synopsis: r[P1]=max(r[P1],r[P2])           */
#define OP_IfPos         138 /* synopsis: if r[P1]>0 goto P2               */
#define OP_IfNeg         139 /* synopsis: r[P1]+=P3, if r[P1]<0 goto P2    */
#define OP_IfNotZero     140 /* synopsis: if r[P1]!=0 then r[P1]+=P3, goto P2 */
#define OP_DecrJumpZero  141 /* synopsis: if (--r[P1])==0 goto P2          */
#define OP_JumpZeroIncr  142 /* synopsis: if (r[P1]++)==0 ) goto P2        */
#define OP_AggFinal      143 /* synopsis: accum=r[P1] N=P2                 */
#define OP_IncrVacuum    144
#define OP_Expire        145
#define OP_TableLock     146 /* synopsis: iDb=P1 root=P2 write=P3          */
#define OP_VBegin        147
#define OP_VCreate       148
#define OP_VDestroy      149
#define OP_VOpen         150
#define OP_VColumn       151 /* synopsis: r[P3]=vcolumn(P2)                */
#define OP_VNext         152
#define OP_VRename       153
#define OP_Pagecount     154
#define OP_MaxPgcnt      155
#define OP_Init          156 /* synopsis: Start at P2                      */
#define OP_Noop          157
#define OP_Explain       158


/* Properties such as "out2" or "jump" that are specified in
** comments following the "case" for each opcode in the vdbe.c
** are encoded into bitvectors as follows:
*/
#define OPFLG_JUMP            0x0001  /* jump:  P2 holds jmp target */
................................................................................
/*   0 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01,\
/*   8 */ 0x01, 0x01, 0x00, 0x00, 0x10, 0x00, 0x01, 0x00,\
/*  16 */ 0x01, 0x01, 0x02, 0x12, 0x01, 0x02, 0x03, 0x08,\
/*  24 */ 0x00, 0x10, 0x10, 0x10, 0x10, 0x00, 0x10, 0x10,\
/*  32 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x10, 0x00, 0x00, 0x02, 0x03, 0x02,\
/*  40 */ 0x02, 0x00, 0x00, 0x01, 0x01, 0x03, 0x03, 0x00,\
/*  48 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x10, 0x10, 0x08, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,\
/*  56 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x09,\
/*  64 */ 0x09, 0x09, 0x09, 0x04, 0x09, 0x09, 0x09, 0x26,\
/*  72 */ 0x26, 0x09, 0x10, 0x10, 0x03, 0x03, 0x0b, 0x0b,\
/*  80 */ 0x0b, 0x0b, 0x0b, 0x0b, 0x00, 0x26, 0x26, 0x26,\
/*  88 */ 0x26, 0x26, 0x26, 0x26, 0x26, 0x26, 0x26, 0x00,\
/*  96 */ 0x12, 0x10, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,\
/* 104 */ 0x10, 0x00, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01, 0x04, 0x04,\
/* 112 */ 0x00, 0x10, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01, 0x10, 0x00,\
/* 120 */ 0x00, 0x10, 0x10, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,\
/* 128 */ 0x00, 0x06, 0x23, 0x0b, 0x01, 0x10, 0x10, 0x00,\
/* 136 */ 0x01, 0x04, 0x03, 0x03, 0x03, 0x03, 0x03, 0x00,\
/* 144 */ 0x01, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,\
/* 152 */ 0x01, 0x00, 0x10, 0x10, 0x01, 0x00, 0x00,}

/************** End of opcodes.h *********************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in vdbe.h ***********************/

/*
** Prototypes for the VDBE interface.  See comments on the implementation
** for a description of what each of these routines does.
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE Vdbe *sqlite3VdbeCreate(Parse*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(Vdbe*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(Vdbe*,int,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(Vdbe*,int,int,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(Vdbe*,int,int,int,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(Vdbe*,int,int,int,int,const char *zP4,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Dup8(Vdbe*,int,int,int,int,const u8*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(Vdbe*,int,int,int,int,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(Vdbe*, int nOp, VdbeOpList const *aOp, int iLineno);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeAddParseSchemaOp(Vdbe*,int,char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(Vdbe*, u32 addr, int P1);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(Vdbe*, u32 addr, int P2);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP3(Vdbe*, u32 addr, int P3);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(Vdbe*, u8 P5);
................................................................................
** the speed a little by numbering the values consecutively.  
**
** But rather than start with 0 or 1, we begin with 'A'.  That way,
** when multiple affinity types are concatenated into a string and
** used as the P4 operand, they will be more readable.
**
** Note also that the numeric types are grouped together so that testing
** for a numeric type is a single comparison.  And the BLOB type is first.
*/
#define SQLITE_AFF_BLOB     'A'
#define SQLITE_AFF_TEXT     'B'
#define SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC  'C'
#define SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER  'D'
#define SQLITE_AFF_REAL     'E'

#define sqlite3IsNumericAffinity(X)  ((X)>=SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC)

................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
    u8 iSelectId;     /* If pSelect!=0, the id of the sub-select in EQP */
#endif
    int iCursor;      /* The VDBE cursor number used to access this table */
    Expr *pOn;        /* The ON clause of a join */
    IdList *pUsing;   /* The USING clause of a join */
    Bitmask colUsed;  /* Bit N (1<<N) set if column N of pTab is used */
    char *zIndexedBy; /* Identifier from "INDEXED BY <zIndex>" clause */
    Index *pIndex;    /* Index structure corresponding to zIndex, if any */
  } a[1];             /* One entry for each identifier on the list */
};

/*
** Permitted values of the SrcList.a.jointype field
*/
................................................................................
# define sqlite3Isspace(x)   isspace((unsigned char)(x))
# define sqlite3Isalnum(x)   isalnum((unsigned char)(x))
# define sqlite3Isalpha(x)   isalpha((unsigned char)(x))
# define sqlite3Isdigit(x)   isdigit((unsigned char)(x))
# define sqlite3Isxdigit(x)  isxdigit((unsigned char)(x))
# define sqlite3Tolower(x)   tolower((unsigned char)(x))
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_COMPILEOPTION_DIAGS
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IsIdChar(u8);
#endif

/*
** Internal function prototypes
*/
#define sqlite3StrICmp sqlite3_stricmp
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Strlen30(const char*);
#define sqlite3StrNICmp sqlite3_strnicmp
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3MallocSize(void*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3DbMallocSize(sqlite3*, void*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3ScratchMalloc(int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ScratchFree(void*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3PageMalloc(int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PageFree(void*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3MemSetDefault(void);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BenignMallocHooks(void (*)(void), void (*)(void));
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3HeapNearlyFull(void);

/*
** On systems with ample stack space and that support alloca(), make
** use of alloca() to obtain space for large automatic objects.  By default,
** obtain space from malloc().
**
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3DebugPrintf(const char*, ...);
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_TEST)
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void *sqlite3TestTextToPtr(const char*);
#endif

#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)




SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3TreeViewExpr(TreeView*, const Expr*, u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3TreeViewExprList(TreeView*, const ExprList*, u8, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3TreeViewSelect(TreeView*, const Select*, u8);
#endif


SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SetString(char **, sqlite3*, const char*);
................................................................................

SQLITE_PRIVATE Bitvec *sqlite3BitvecCreate(u32);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BitvecTest(Bitvec*, u32);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BitvecSet(Bitvec*, u32);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BitvecClear(Bitvec*, u32, void*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BitvecDestroy(Bitvec*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3BitvecSize(Bitvec*);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BitvecBuiltinTest(int,int*);
#endif

SQLITE_PRIVATE RowSet *sqlite3RowSetInit(sqlite3*, void*, unsigned int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3RowSetClear(RowSet*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3RowSetInsert(RowSet*, i64);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3RowSetTest(RowSet*, int iBatch, i64);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3RowSetNext(RowSet*, i64*);

................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprCodeTarget(Parse*, Expr*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCodeAndCache(Parse*, Expr*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprCodeExprList(Parse*, ExprList*, int, u8);
#define SQLITE_ECEL_DUP      0x01  /* Deep, not shallow copies */
#define SQLITE_ECEL_FACTOR   0x02  /* Factor out constant terms */
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprIfTrue(Parse*, Expr*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprIfFalse(Parse*, Expr*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprIfFalseDup(Parse*, Expr*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Table *sqlite3FindTable(sqlite3*,const char*, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Table *sqlite3LocateTable(Parse*,int isView,const char*, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Table *sqlite3LocateTableItem(Parse*,int isView,struct SrcList_item *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Index *sqlite3FindIndex(sqlite3*,const char*, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3UnlinkAndDeleteTable(sqlite3*,int,const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3UnlinkAndDeleteIndex(sqlite3*,int,const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Vacuum(Parse*);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprCompare(Expr*, Expr*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprListCompare(ExprList*, ExprList*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprImpliesExpr(Expr*, Expr*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprAnalyzeAggregates(NameContext*, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprAnalyzeAggList(NameContext*,ExprList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FunctionUsesThisSrc(Expr*, SrcList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Vdbe *sqlite3GetVdbe(Parse*);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PrngSaveState(void);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PrngRestoreState(void);
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3RollbackAll(sqlite3*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(Parse*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CodeVerifyNamedSchema(Parse*, const char *zDb);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BeginTransaction(Parse*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CommitTransaction(Parse*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3RollbackTransaction(Parse*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Savepoint(Parse*, int, Token*);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AlterFunctions(void);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AlterRenameTable(Parse*, SrcList*, Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3GetToken(const unsigned char *, int *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3NestedParse(Parse*, const char*, ...);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExpirePreparedStatements(sqlite3*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3CodeSubselect(Parse *, Expr *, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SelectPrep(Parse*, Select*, NameContext*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SelectWrongNumTermsError(Parse *pParse, Select *p);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3MatchSpanName(const char*, const char*, const char*, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ResolveExprNames(NameContext*, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ResolveSelectNames(Parse*, Select*, NameContext*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ResolveSelfReference(Parse*,Table*,int,Expr*,ExprList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ResolveOrderGroupBy(Parse*, Select*, ExprList*, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ColumnDefault(Vdbe *, Table *, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AlterFinishAddColumn(Parse *, Token *);
................................................................................
  Bool isTable:1;       /* True if a table requiring integer keys */
  Bool isOrdered:1;     /* True if the underlying table is BTREE_UNORDERED */
  Pgno pgnoRoot;        /* Root page of the open btree cursor */
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pVtabCursor;  /* The cursor for a virtual table */
  i64 seqCount;         /* Sequence counter */
  i64 movetoTarget;     /* Argument to the deferred sqlite3BtreeMoveto() */
  VdbeSorter *pSorter;  /* Sorter object for OP_SorterOpen cursors */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_USED_MASK
  u64 maskUsed;         /* Mask of columns used by this cursor */
#endif

  /* Cached information about the header for the data record that the
  ** cursor is currently pointing to.  Only valid if cacheStatus matches
  ** Vdbe.cacheCtr.  Vdbe.cacheCtr will never take on the value of
  ** CACHE_STALE and so setting cacheStatus=CACHE_STALE guarantees that
  ** the cache is out of date.
  **
................................................................................
    sqlite3_mutex_methods *pTo = &sqlite3GlobalConfig.mutex;

    if( sqlite3GlobalConfig.bCoreMutex ){
      pFrom = sqlite3DefaultMutex();
    }else{
      pFrom = sqlite3NoopMutex();
    }
    pTo->xMutexInit = pFrom->xMutexInit;
    pTo->xMutexEnd = pFrom->xMutexEnd;
    pTo->xMutexFree = pFrom->xMutexFree;
    pTo->xMutexEnter = pFrom->xMutexEnter;
    pTo->xMutexTry = pFrom->xMutexTry;
    pTo->xMutexLeave = pFrom->xMutexLeave;
    pTo->xMutexHeld = pFrom->xMutexHeld;
    pTo->xMutexNotheld = pFrom->xMutexNotheld;
    pTo->xMutexAlloc = pFrom->xMutexAlloc;
  }
  rc = sqlite3GlobalConfig.mutex.xMutexInit();

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  GLOBAL(int, mutexIsInit) = 1;
#endif
................................................................................
  return rc & db->errMask;
}

/************** End of malloc.c **********************************************/
/************** Begin file printf.c ******************************************/
/*
** The "printf" code that follows dates from the 1980's.  It is in
** the public domain. 



**
**************************************************************************
**
** This file contains code for a set of "printf"-like routines.  These
** routines format strings much like the printf() from the standard C
** library, though the implementation here has enhancements to support
** SQLite.
*/

/*
** Conversion types fall into various categories as defined by the
** following enumeration.
*/
#define etRADIX       1 /* Integer types.  %d, %x, %o, and so forth */
................................................................................
  va_end(ap);
  sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&acc);
  fprintf(stdout,"%s", zBuf);
  fflush(stdout);
}
#endif



/*
** variable-argument wrapper around sqlite3VXPrintf().
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3XPrintf(StrAccum *p, u32 bFlags, const char *zFormat, ...){
  va_list ap;
  va_start(ap,zFormat);
  sqlite3VXPrintf(p, bFlags, zFormat, ap);
  va_end(ap);
}

/************** End of printf.c **********************************************/
/************** Begin file treeview.c ****************************************/
/*
** 2015-06-08
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************


**






** This file contains C code to implement the TreeView debugging routines.
** These routines print a parse tree to standard output for debugging and
** analysis. 
**
** The interfaces in this file is only available when compiling
** with SQLITE_DEBUG.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG

/*
** Add a new subitem to the tree.  The moreToFollow flag indicates that this
** is not the last item in the tree.
*/
static TreeView *sqlite3TreeViewPush(TreeView *p, u8 moreToFollow){
  if( p==0 ){
    p = sqlite3_malloc64( sizeof(*p) );
    if( p==0 ) return 0;
    memset(p, 0, sizeof(*p));
  }else{
    p->iLevel++;
  }
  assert( moreToFollow==0 || moreToFollow==1 );
  if( p->iLevel<sizeof(p->bLine) ) p->bLine[p->iLevel] = moreToFollow;
  return p;
}

/*
** Finished with one layer of the tree
*/
static void sqlite3TreeViewPop(TreeView *p){
  if( p==0 ) return;
  p->iLevel--;
  if( p->iLevel<0 ) sqlite3_free(p);
}

/*
** Generate a single line of output for the tree, with a prefix that contains
** all the appropriate tree lines
*/
static void sqlite3TreeViewLine(TreeView *p, const char *zFormat, ...){
  va_list ap;
  int i;
  StrAccum acc;
  char zBuf[500];
  sqlite3StrAccumInit(&acc, 0, zBuf, sizeof(zBuf), 0);
  if( p ){
    for(i=0; i<p->iLevel && i<sizeof(p->bLine)-1; i++){
................................................................................
  sqlite3VXPrintf(&acc, 0, zFormat, ap);
  va_end(ap);
  if( zBuf[acc.nChar-1]!='\n' ) sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&acc, "\n", 1);
  sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&acc);
  fprintf(stdout,"%s", zBuf);
  fflush(stdout);
}

/*
** Shorthand for starting a new tree item that consists of a single label
*/
static void sqlite3TreeViewItem(TreeView *p, const char *zLabel,u8 moreFollows){
  p = sqlite3TreeViewPush(p, moreFollows);
  sqlite3TreeViewLine(p, "%s", zLabel);
}


/*
** Generate a human-readable description of a the Select object.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3TreeViewSelect(TreeView *pView, const Select *p, u8 moreToFollow){
  int n = 0;
  pView = sqlite3TreeViewPush(pView, moreToFollow);
  sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "SELECT%s%s (0x%p) selFlags=0x%x",
    ((p->selFlags & SF_Distinct) ? " DISTINCT" : ""),
    ((p->selFlags & SF_Aggregate) ? " agg_flag" : ""), p, p->selFlags
  );
  if( p->pSrc && p->pSrc->nSrc ) n++;
  if( p->pWhere ) n++;
  if( p->pGroupBy ) n++;
  if( p->pHaving ) n++;
  if( p->pOrderBy ) n++;
  if( p->pLimit ) n++;
  if( p->pOffset ) n++;
  if( p->pPrior ) n++;
  sqlite3TreeViewExprList(pView, p->pEList, (n--)>0, "result-set");
  if( p->pSrc && p->pSrc->nSrc ){
    int i;
    pView = sqlite3TreeViewPush(pView, (n--)>0);
    sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "FROM");
    for(i=0; i<p->pSrc->nSrc; i++){
      struct SrcList_item *pItem = &p->pSrc->a[i];
      StrAccum x;
      char zLine[100];
      sqlite3StrAccumInit(&x, 0, zLine, sizeof(zLine), 0);
      sqlite3XPrintf(&x, 0, "{%d,*}", pItem->iCursor);
      if( pItem->zDatabase ){
        sqlite3XPrintf(&x, 0, " %s.%s", pItem->zDatabase, pItem->zName);
      }else if( pItem->zName ){
        sqlite3XPrintf(&x, 0, " %s", pItem->zName);
      }
      if( pItem->pTab ){
        sqlite3XPrintf(&x, 0, " tabname=%Q", pItem->pTab->zName);
      }
      if( pItem->zAlias ){
        sqlite3XPrintf(&x, 0, " (AS %s)", pItem->zAlias);
      }
      if( pItem->jointype & JT_LEFT ){
        sqlite3XPrintf(&x, 0, " LEFT-JOIN");
      }
      sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&x);
      sqlite3TreeViewItem(pView, zLine, i<p->pSrc->nSrc-1); 
      if( pItem->pSelect ){
        sqlite3TreeViewSelect(pView, pItem->pSelect, 0);
      }
      sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
    }
    sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
  }
  if( p->pWhere ){
    sqlite3TreeViewItem(pView, "WHERE", (n--)>0);
    sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, p->pWhere, 0);
    sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
  }
  if( p->pGroupBy ){
    sqlite3TreeViewExprList(pView, p->pGroupBy, (n--)>0, "GROUPBY");
  }
  if( p->pHaving ){
    sqlite3TreeViewItem(pView, "HAVING", (n--)>0);
    sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, p->pHaving, 0);
    sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
  }
  if( p->pOrderBy ){
    sqlite3TreeViewExprList(pView, p->pOrderBy, (n--)>0, "ORDERBY");
  }
  if( p->pLimit ){
    sqlite3TreeViewItem(pView, "LIMIT", (n--)>0);
    sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, p->pLimit, 0);
    sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
  }
  if( p->pOffset ){
    sqlite3TreeViewItem(pView, "OFFSET", (n--)>0);
    sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, p->pOffset, 0);
    sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
  }
  if( p->pPrior ){
    const char *zOp = "UNION";
    switch( p->op ){
      case TK_ALL:         zOp = "UNION ALL";  break;
      case TK_INTERSECT:   zOp = "INTERSECT";  break;
      case TK_EXCEPT:      zOp = "EXCEPT";     break;
    }
    sqlite3TreeViewItem(pView, zOp, (n--)>0);
    sqlite3TreeViewSelect(pView, p->pPrior, 0);
    sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
  }
  sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
}

/*
** Generate a human-readable explanation of an expression tree.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3TreeViewExpr(TreeView *pView, const Expr *pExpr, u8 moreToFollow){
  const char *zBinOp = 0;   /* Binary operator */
  const char *zUniOp = 0;   /* Unary operator */
  char zFlgs[30];
  pView = sqlite3TreeViewPush(pView, moreToFollow);
  if( pExpr==0 ){
    sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "nil");
    sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
    return;
  }
  if( pExpr->flags ){
    sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zFlgs),zFlgs,"  flags=0x%x",pExpr->flags);
  }else{
    zFlgs[0] = 0;
  }
  switch( pExpr->op ){
    case TK_AGG_COLUMN: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "AGG{%d:%d}%s",
            pExpr->iTable, pExpr->iColumn, zFlgs);
      break;
    }
    case TK_COLUMN: {
      if( pExpr->iTable<0 ){
        /* This only happens when coding check constraints */
        sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "COLUMN(%d)%s", pExpr->iColumn, zFlgs);
      }else{
        sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "{%d:%d}%s",
                             pExpr->iTable, pExpr->iColumn, zFlgs);
      }
      break;
    }
    case TK_INTEGER: {
      if( pExpr->flags & EP_IntValue ){
        sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "%d", pExpr->u.iValue);
      }else{
        sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "%s", pExpr->u.zToken);
      }
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
    case TK_FLOAT: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView,"%s", pExpr->u.zToken);
      break;
    }
#endif
    case TK_STRING: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView,"%Q", pExpr->u.zToken);
      break;
    }
    case TK_NULL: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView,"NULL");
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BLOB_LITERAL
    case TK_BLOB: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView,"%s", pExpr->u.zToken);
      break;
    }
#endif
    case TK_VARIABLE: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView,"VARIABLE(%s,%d)",
                          pExpr->u.zToken, pExpr->iColumn);
      break;
    }
    case TK_REGISTER: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView,"REGISTER(%d)", pExpr->iTable);
      break;
    }
    case TK_AS: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView,"AS %Q", pExpr->u.zToken);
      sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pExpr->pLeft, 0);
      break;
    }
    case TK_ID: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView,"ID \"%w\"", pExpr->u.zToken);
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
    case TK_CAST: {
      /* Expressions of the form:   CAST(pLeft AS token) */
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView,"CAST %Q", pExpr->u.zToken);
      sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pExpr->pLeft, 0);
      break;
    }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_CAST */
    case TK_LT:      zBinOp = "LT";     break;
    case TK_LE:      zBinOp = "LE";     break;
    case TK_GT:      zBinOp = "GT";     break;
    case TK_GE:      zBinOp = "GE";     break;
    case TK_NE:      zBinOp = "NE";     break;
    case TK_EQ:      zBinOp = "EQ";     break;
    case TK_IS:      zBinOp = "IS";     break;
    case TK_ISNOT:   zBinOp = "ISNOT";  break;
    case TK_AND:     zBinOp = "AND";    break;
    case TK_OR:      zBinOp = "OR";     break;
    case TK_PLUS:    zBinOp = "ADD";    break;
    case TK_STAR:    zBinOp = "MUL";    break;
    case TK_MINUS:   zBinOp = "SUB";    break;
    case TK_REM:     zBinOp = "REM";    break;
    case TK_BITAND:  zBinOp = "BITAND"; break;
    case TK_BITOR:   zBinOp = "BITOR";  break;
    case TK_SLASH:   zBinOp = "DIV";    break;
    case TK_LSHIFT:  zBinOp = "LSHIFT"; break;
    case TK_RSHIFT:  zBinOp = "RSHIFT"; break;
    case TK_CONCAT:  zBinOp = "CONCAT"; break;
    case TK_DOT:     zBinOp = "DOT";    break;

    case TK_UMINUS:  zUniOp = "UMINUS"; break;
    case TK_UPLUS:   zUniOp = "UPLUS";  break;
    case TK_BITNOT:  zUniOp = "BITNOT"; break;
    case TK_NOT:     zUniOp = "NOT";    break;
    case TK_ISNULL:  zUniOp = "ISNULL"; break;
    case TK_NOTNULL: zUniOp = "NOTNULL"; break;

    case TK_COLLATE: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "COLLATE %Q", pExpr->u.zToken);
      sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pExpr->pLeft, 0);
      break;
    }

    case TK_AGG_FUNCTION:
    case TK_FUNCTION: {
      ExprList *pFarg;       /* List of function arguments */
      if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly) ){
        pFarg = 0;
      }else{
        pFarg = pExpr->x.pList;
      }
      if( pExpr->op==TK_AGG_FUNCTION ){
        sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "AGG_FUNCTION%d %Q",
                             pExpr->op2, pExpr->u.zToken);
      }else{
        sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "FUNCTION %Q", pExpr->u.zToken);
      }
      if( pFarg ){
        sqlite3TreeViewExprList(pView, pFarg, 0, 0);
      }
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
    case TK_EXISTS: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "EXISTS-expr");
      sqlite3TreeViewSelect(pView, pExpr->x.pSelect, 0);
      break;
    }
    case TK_SELECT: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "SELECT-expr");
      sqlite3TreeViewSelect(pView, pExpr->x.pSelect, 0);
      break;
    }
    case TK_IN: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "IN");
      sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pExpr->pLeft, 1);
      if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
        sqlite3TreeViewSelect(pView, pExpr->x.pSelect, 0);
      }else{
        sqlite3TreeViewExprList(pView, pExpr->x.pList, 0, 0);
      }
      break;
    }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY */

    /*

    **    x BETWEEN y AND z
    **
    ** This is equivalent to
    **
    **    x>=y AND x<=z
    **
    ** X is stored in pExpr->pLeft.
    ** Y is stored in pExpr->pList->a[0].pExpr.
    ** Z is stored in pExpr->pList->a[1].pExpr.
    */
    case TK_BETWEEN: {
      Expr *pX = pExpr->pLeft;
      Expr *pY = pExpr->x.pList->a[0].pExpr;
      Expr *pZ = pExpr->x.pList->a[1].pExpr;
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "BETWEEN");
      sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pX, 1);
      sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pY, 1);
      sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pZ, 0);
      break;
    }
    case TK_TRIGGER: {
      /* If the opcode is TK_TRIGGER, then the expression is a reference
      ** to a column in the new.* or old.* pseudo-tables available to
      ** trigger programs. In this case Expr.iTable is set to 1 for the
      ** new.* pseudo-table, or 0 for the old.* pseudo-table. Expr.iColumn
      ** is set to the column of the pseudo-table to read, or to -1 to
      ** read the rowid field.
      */
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "%s(%d)", 
          pExpr->iTable ? "NEW" : "OLD", pExpr->iColumn);
      break;
    }
    case TK_CASE: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "CASE");
      sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pExpr->pLeft, 1);
      sqlite3TreeViewExprList(pView, pExpr->x.pList, 0, 0);
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
    case TK_RAISE: {
      const char *zType = "unk";
      switch( pExpr->affinity ){
        case OE_Rollback:   zType = "rollback";  break;
        case OE_Abort:      zType = "abort";     break;
        case OE_Fail:       zType = "fail";      break;
        case OE_Ignore:     zType = "ignore";    break;
      }
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "RAISE %s(%Q)", zType, pExpr->u.zToken);
      break;
    }
#endif
    default: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "op=%d", pExpr->op);
      break;
    }
  }
  if( zBinOp ){
    sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "%s%s", zBinOp, zFlgs);
    sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pExpr->pLeft, 1);
    sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pExpr->pRight, 0);
  }else if( zUniOp ){
    sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "%s%s", zUniOp, zFlgs);
    sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pExpr->pLeft, 0);
  }
  sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
}

/*
** Generate a human-readable explanation of an expression list.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3TreeViewExprList(




  TreeView *pView,
  const ExprList *pList,
  u8 moreToFollow,
  const char *zLabel
){
  int i;
  pView = sqlite3TreeViewPush(pView, moreToFollow);
  if( zLabel==0 || zLabel[0]==0 ) zLabel = "LIST";
  if( pList==0 ){
    sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "%s (empty)", zLabel);
  }else{
    sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "%s", zLabel);
    for(i=0; i<pList->nExpr; i++){
      sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pList->a[i].pExpr, i<pList->nExpr-1);
    }
  }
  sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
}

#endif /* SQLITE_DEBUG */

/************** End of treeview.c ********************************************/
/************** Begin file random.c ******************************************/
/*
** 2001 September 15
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
................................................................................
     /*  55 */ "OpenWrite"        OpHelp("root=P2 iDb=P3"),
     /*  56 */ "OpenAutoindex"    OpHelp("nColumn=P2"),
     /*  57 */ "OpenEphemeral"    OpHelp("nColumn=P2"),
     /*  58 */ "SorterOpen"       OpHelp(""),
     /*  59 */ "SequenceTest"     OpHelp("if( cursor[P1].ctr++ ) pc = P2"),
     /*  60 */ "OpenPseudo"       OpHelp("P3 columns in r[P2]"),
     /*  61 */ "Close"            OpHelp(""),
     /*  62 */ "ColumnsUsed"      OpHelp(""),
     /*  63 */ "SeekLT"           OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /*  64 */ "SeekLE"           OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /*  65 */ "SeekGE"           OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /*  66 */ "SeekGT"           OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /*  67 */ "Seek"             OpHelp("intkey=r[P2]"),
     /*  68 */ "NoConflict"       OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /*  69 */ "NotFound"         OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /*  70 */ "Found"            OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),

     /*  71 */ "Or"               OpHelp("r[P3]=(r[P1] || r[P2])"),
     /*  72 */ "And"              OpHelp("r[P3]=(r[P1] && r[P2])"),
     /*  73 */ "NotExists"        OpHelp("intkey=r[P3]"),
     /*  74 */ "Sequence"         OpHelp("r[P2]=cursor[P1].ctr++"),
     /*  75 */ "NewRowid"         OpHelp("r[P2]=rowid"),

     /*  76 */ "IsNull"           OpHelp("if r[P1]==NULL goto P2"),
     /*  77 */ "NotNull"          OpHelp("if r[P1]!=NULL goto P2"),
     /*  78 */ "Ne"               OpHelp("if r[P1]!=r[P3] goto P2"),
     /*  79 */ "Eq"               OpHelp("if r[P1]==r[P3] goto P2"),
     /*  80 */ "Gt"               OpHelp("if r[P1]>r[P3] goto P2"),
     /*  81 */ "Le"               OpHelp("if r[P1]<=r[P3] goto P2"),
     /*  82 */ "Lt"               OpHelp("if r[P1]<r[P3] goto P2"),
     /*  83 */ "Ge"               OpHelp("if r[P1]>=r[P3] goto P2"),
     /*  84 */ "Insert"           OpHelp("intkey=r[P3] data=r[P2]"),
     /*  85 */ "BitAnd"           OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P1]&r[P2]"),
     /*  86 */ "BitOr"            OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P1]|r[P2]"),
     /*  87 */ "ShiftLeft"        OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P2]<<r[P1]"),
     /*  88 */ "ShiftRight"       OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P2]>>r[P1]"),
     /*  89 */ "Add"              OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P1]+r[P2]"),
     /*  90 */ "Subtract"         OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P2]-r[P1]"),
     /*  91 */ "Multiply"         OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P1]*r[P2]"),
     /*  92 */ "Divide"           OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P2]/r[P1]"),
     /*  93 */ "Remainder"        OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P2]%r[P1]"),
     /*  94 */ "Concat"           OpHelp("r[P3]=r[P2]+r[P1]"),
     /*  95 */ "InsertInt"        OpHelp("intkey=P3 data=r[P2]"),
     /*  96 */ "BitNot"           OpHelp("r[P1]= ~r[P1]"),
     /*  97 */ "String8"          OpHelp("r[P2]='P4'"),
     /*  98 */ "Delete"           OpHelp(""),
     /*  99 */ "ResetCount"       OpHelp(""),
     /* 100 */ "SorterCompare"    OpHelp("if key(P1)!=trim(r[P3],P4) goto P2"),
     /* 101 */ "SorterData"       OpHelp("r[P2]=data"),
     /* 102 */ "RowKey"           OpHelp("r[P2]=key"),
     /* 103 */ "RowData"          OpHelp("r[P2]=data"),
     /* 104 */ "Rowid"            OpHelp("r[P2]=rowid"),
     /* 105 */ "NullRow"          OpHelp(""),
     /* 106 */ "Last"             OpHelp(""),
     /* 107 */ "SorterSort"       OpHelp(""),
     /* 108 */ "Sort"             OpHelp(""),
     /* 109 */ "Rewind"           OpHelp(""),
     /* 110 */ "SorterInsert"     OpHelp(""),
     /* 111 */ "IdxInsert"        OpHelp("key=r[P2]"),
     /* 112 */ "IdxDelete"        OpHelp("key=r[P2@P3]"),
     /* 113 */ "IdxRowid"         OpHelp("r[P2]=rowid"),
     /* 114 */ "IdxLE"            OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /* 115 */ "IdxGT"            OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /* 116 */ "IdxLT"            OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /* 117 */ "IdxGE"            OpHelp("key=r[P3@P4]"),
     /* 118 */ "Destroy"          OpHelp(""),
     /* 119 */ "Clear"            OpHelp(""),
     /* 120 */ "ResetSorter"      OpHelp(""),
     /* 121 */ "CreateIndex"      OpHelp("r[P2]=root iDb=P1"),
     /* 122 */ "CreateTable"      OpHelp("r[P2]=root iDb=P1"),
     /* 123 */ "ParseSchema"      OpHelp(""),
     /* 124 */ "LoadAnalysis"     OpHelp(""),
     /* 125 */ "DropTable"        OpHelp(""),
     /* 126 */ "DropIndex"        OpHelp(""),
     /* 127 */ "DropTrigger"      OpHelp(""),
     /* 128 */ "IntegrityCk"      OpHelp(""),
     /* 129 */ "RowSetAdd"        OpHelp("rowset(P1)=r[P2]"),
     /* 130 */ "RowSetRead"       OpHelp("r[P3]=rowset(P1)"),
     /* 131 */ "RowSetTest"       OpHelp("if r[P3] in rowset(P1) goto P2"),
     /* 132 */ "Program"          OpHelp(""),

     /* 133 */ "Real"             OpHelp("r[P2]=P4"),
     /* 134 */ "Param"            OpHelp(""),
     /* 135 */ "FkCounter"        OpHelp("fkctr[P1]+=P2"),
     /* 136 */ "FkIfZero"         OpHelp("if fkctr[P1]==0 goto P2"),
     /* 137 */ "MemMax"           OpHelp("r[P1]=max(r[P1],r[P2])"),
     /* 138 */ "IfPos"            OpHelp("if r[P1]>0 goto P2"),
     /* 139 */ "IfNeg"            OpHelp("r[P1]+=P3, if r[P1]<0 goto P2"),
     /* 140 */ "IfNotZero"        OpHelp("if r[P1]!=0 then r[P1]+=P3, goto P2"),
     /* 141 */ "DecrJumpZero"     OpHelp("if (--r[P1])==0 goto P2"),
     /* 142 */ "JumpZeroIncr"     OpHelp("if (r[P1]++)==0 ) goto P2"),
     /* 143 */ "AggFinal"         OpHelp("accum=r[P1] N=P2"),
     /* 144 */ "IncrVacuum"       OpHelp(""),
     /* 145 */ "Expire"           OpHelp(""),
     /* 146 */ "TableLock"        OpHelp("iDb=P1 root=P2 write=P3"),
     /* 147 */ "VBegin"           OpHelp(""),
     /* 148 */ "VCreate"          OpHelp(""),
     /* 149 */ "VDestroy"         OpHelp(""),
     /* 150 */ "VOpen"            OpHelp(""),
     /* 151 */ "VColumn"          OpHelp("r[P3]=vcolumn(P2)"),
     /* 152 */ "VNext"            OpHelp(""),
     /* 153 */ "VRename"          OpHelp(""),
     /* 154 */ "Pagecount"        OpHelp(""),
     /* 155 */ "MaxPgcnt"         OpHelp(""),
     /* 156 */ "Init"             OpHelp("Start at P2"),
     /* 157 */ "Noop"             OpHelp(""),
     /* 158 */ "Explain"          OpHelp(""),
  };
  return azName[i];
}
#endif

/************** End of opcodes.c *********************************************/
/************** Begin file os_unix.c *****************************************/
................................................................................
  int szPage;                         /* Size of every page in this cache */
  int szExtra;                        /* Size of extra space for each page */
  u8 bPurgeable;                      /* True if pages are on backing store */
  u8 eCreate;                         /* eCreate value for for xFetch() */
  int (*xStress)(void*,PgHdr*);       /* Call to try make a page clean */
  void *pStress;                      /* Argument to xStress */
  sqlite3_pcache *pCache;             /* Pluggable cache module */

};

/********************************** Linked List Management ********************/

/* Allowed values for second argument to pcacheManageDirtyList() */
#define PCACHE_DIRTYLIST_REMOVE   1    /* Remove pPage from dirty list */
#define PCACHE_DIRTYLIST_ADD      2    /* Add pPage to the dirty list */
................................................................................

/*
** Wrapper around the pluggable caches xUnpin method. If the cache is
** being used for an in-memory database, this function is a no-op.
*/
static void pcacheUnpin(PgHdr *p){
  if( p->pCache->bPurgeable ){



    sqlite3GlobalConfig.pcache2.xUnpin(p->pCache->pCache, p->pPage, 0);
  }
}

/*
** Compute the number of pages of cache requested.  p->szCache is the
** cache size requested by the "PRAGMA cache_size" statement.
................................................................................
    );
    if( pNew==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    sqlite3GlobalConfig.pcache2.xCachesize(pNew, numberOfCachePages(pCache));
    if( pCache->pCache ){
      sqlite3GlobalConfig.pcache2.xDestroy(pCache->pCache);
    }
    pCache->pCache = pNew;

    pCache->szPage = szPage;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Try to obtain a page from the cache.
................................................................................
  if( !pPgHdr->pPage ){
    return pcacheFetchFinishWithInit(pCache, pgno, pPage);
  }
  if( 0==pPgHdr->nRef ){
    pCache->nRef++;
  }
  pPgHdr->nRef++;



  return pPgHdr;
}

/*
** Decrement the reference count on a page. If the page is clean and the
** reference count drops to 0, then it is made eligible for recycling.
*/
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PcacheDrop(PgHdr *p){
  assert( p->nRef==1 );
  if( p->flags&PGHDR_DIRTY ){
    pcacheManageDirtyList(p, PCACHE_DIRTYLIST_REMOVE);
  }
  p->pCache->nRef--;



  sqlite3GlobalConfig.pcache2.xUnpin(p->pCache->pCache, p->pPage, 1);
}

/*
** Make sure the page is marked as dirty. If it isn't dirty already,
** make it so.
*/
................................................................................
      */
      assert( p->pgno>0 );
      if( ALWAYS(p->pgno>pgno) ){
        assert( p->flags&PGHDR_DIRTY );
        sqlite3PcacheMakeClean(p);
      }
    }
    if( pgno==0 && pCache->nRef ){
      sqlite3_pcache_page *pPage1;
      pPage1 = sqlite3GlobalConfig.pcache2.xFetch(pCache->pCache,1,0);
      if( ALWAYS(pPage1) ){  /* Page 1 is always available in cache, because
                             ** pCache->nRef>0 */
        memset(pPage1->pBuf, 0, pCache->szPage);
        pgno = 1;
      }
    }
    sqlite3GlobalConfig.pcache2.xTruncate(pCache->pCache, pgno+1);
  }
}

/*
** Close a cache.
................................................................................
** compiling for systems that do not support real WSD.
*/
#define pcache1 (GLOBAL(struct PCacheGlobal, pcache1_g))

/*
** Macros to enter and leave the PCache LRU mutex.
*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT) || SQLITE_THREADSAFE==0
# define pcache1EnterMutex(X)  assert((X)->mutex==0)
# define pcache1LeaveMutex(X)  assert((X)->mutex==0)
# define PCACHE1_MIGHT_USE_GROUP_MUTEX 0
#else
# define pcache1EnterMutex(X) sqlite3_mutex_enter((X)->mutex)
# define pcache1LeaveMutex(X) sqlite3_mutex_leave((X)->mutex)
# define PCACHE1_MIGHT_USE_GROUP_MUTEX 1
#endif

/******************************************************************************/
/******** Page Allocation/SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE Related Functions **************/

/*
** This function is called during initialization if a static buffer is 
** supplied to use for the page-cache by passing the SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE
................................................................................
/*
** This function is used internally to remove the page pPage from the 
** PGroup LRU list, if is part of it. If pPage is not part of the PGroup
** LRU list, then this function is a no-op.
**
** The PGroup mutex must be held when this function is called.
*/
static PgHdr1 *pcache1PinPage(PgHdr1 *pPage){
  PCache1 *pCache;


  assert( pPage!=0 );
  assert( pPage->isPinned==0 );
  pCache = pPage->pCache;

  assert( pPage->pLruNext || pPage==pCache->pGroup->pLruTail );
  assert( pPage->pLruPrev || pPage==pCache->pGroup->pLruHead );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCache->pGroup->mutex) );
  if( pPage->pLruPrev ){
    pPage->pLruPrev->pLruNext = pPage->pLruNext;
  }else{
    pCache->pGroup->pLruHead = pPage->pLruNext;
  }
  if( pPage->pLruNext ){
    pPage->pLruNext->pLruPrev = pPage->pLruPrev;
  }else{
    pCache->pGroup->pLruTail = pPage->pLruPrev;
  }
  pPage->pLruNext = 0;
  pPage->pLruPrev = 0;
  pPage->isPinned = 1;
  pCache->nRecyclable--;
  return pPage;
}


/*
** Remove the page supplied as an argument from the hash table 
** (PCache1.apHash structure) that it is currently stored in.
**
................................................................................
/*
** Implementation of the sqlite3_pcache.xInit method.
*/
static int pcache1Init(void *NotUsed){
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(NotUsed);
  assert( pcache1.isInit==0 );
  memset(&pcache1, 0, sizeof(pcache1));
#if SQLITE_THREADSAFE
  if( sqlite3GlobalConfig.bCoreMutex ){
    pcache1.grp.mutex = sqlite3_mutex_alloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU);
    pcache1.mutex = sqlite3_mutex_alloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PMEM);
  }
#endif
  pcache1.grp.mxPinned = 10;
  pcache1.isInit = 1;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Implementation of the sqlite3_pcache.xShutdown method.
................................................................................
    }
  }

  /* Step 5. If a usable page buffer has still not been found, 
  ** attempt to allocate a new one. 
  */
  if( !pPage ){
    if( createFlag==1 ){ sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc(); }
    pPage = pcache1AllocPage(pCache);
    if( createFlag==1 ){ sqlite3EndBenignMalloc(); }
  }

  if( pPage ){
    unsigned int h = iKey % pCache->nHash;
    pCache->nPage++;
    pPage->iKey = iKey;
    pPage->pNext = pCache->apHash[h];
................................................................................
**           unnecessary pages cache entry allocations
**
**      then attempt to recycle a page from the LRU list. If it is the right
**      size, return the recycled buffer. Otherwise, free the buffer and
**      proceed to step 5. 
**
**   5. Otherwise, allocate and return a new page buffer.
**
** There are two versions of this routine.  pcache1FetchWithMutex() is
** the general case.  pcache1FetchNoMutex() is a faster implementation for
** the common case where pGroup->mutex is NULL.  The pcache1Fetch() wrapper
** invokes the appropriate routine.
*/

static PgHdr1 *pcache1FetchNoMutex(
  sqlite3_pcache *p, 
  unsigned int iKey, 
  int createFlag
){
  PCache1 *pCache = (PCache1 *)p;
  PgHdr1 *pPage = 0;









  /* Step 1: Search the hash table for an existing entry. */
  pPage = pCache->apHash[iKey % pCache->nHash];
  while( pPage && pPage->iKey!=iKey ){ pPage = pPage->pNext; }

  /* Step 2: Abort if no existing page is found and createFlag is 0 */
  if( pPage ){
    if( !pPage->isPinned ){
      return pcache1PinPage(pPage);
    }else{
      return pPage;
    }
  }else if( createFlag ){
    /* Steps 3, 4, and 5 implemented by this subroutine */
    return pcache1FetchStage2(pCache, iKey, createFlag);
  }else{
    return 0;
  }
}
#if PCACHE1_MIGHT_USE_GROUP_MUTEX
static PgHdr1 *pcache1FetchWithMutex(
  sqlite3_pcache *p, 
  unsigned int iKey, 
  int createFlag
){
  PCache1 *pCache = (PCache1 *)p;
  PgHdr1 *pPage;

  pcache1EnterMutex(pCache->pGroup);
  pPage = pcache1FetchNoMutex(p, iKey, createFlag);
  assert( pPage==0 || pCache->iMaxKey>=iKey );
  pcache1LeaveMutex(pCache->pGroup);
  return pPage;
}
#endif
static sqlite3_pcache_page *pcache1Fetch(
  sqlite3_pcache *p, 
  unsigned int iKey, 
  int createFlag
){
#if PCACHE1_MIGHT_USE_GROUP_MUTEX || defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
  PCache1 *pCache = (PCache1 *)p;
#endif

  assert( offsetof(PgHdr1,page)==0 );
  assert( pCache->bPurgeable || createFlag!=1 );
  assert( pCache->bPurgeable || pCache->nMin==0 );
  assert( pCache->bPurgeable==0 || pCache->nMin==10 );
  assert( pCache->nMin==0 || pCache->bPurgeable );
  assert( pCache->nHash>0 );
#if PCACHE1_MIGHT_USE_GROUP_MUTEX
  if( pCache->pGroup->mutex ){
    return (sqlite3_pcache_page*)pcache1FetchWithMutex(p, iKey, createFlag);
  }else
#endif
  {
    return (sqlite3_pcache_page*)pcache1FetchNoMutex(p, iKey, createFlag);
  }
}


/*
** Implementation of the sqlite3_pcache.xUnpin method.
**
** Mark a page as unpinned (eligible for asynchronous recycling).
................................................................................
** small cells will be rare, but they are possible.
*/
#define MX_CELL(pBt) ((pBt->pageSize-8)/6)

/* Forward declarations */
typedef struct MemPage MemPage;
typedef struct BtLock BtLock;
typedef struct CellInfo CellInfo;

/*
** This is a magic string that appears at the beginning of every
** SQLite database in order to identify the file as a real database.
**
** You can change this value at compile-time by specifying a
** -DSQLITE_FILE_HEADER="..." on the compiler command-line.  The
................................................................................
                       ** non-overflow cell */
  u8 *apOvfl[5];       /* Pointers to the body of overflow cells */
  BtShared *pBt;       /* Pointer to BtShared that this page is part of */
  u8 *aData;           /* Pointer to disk image of the page data */
  u8 *aDataEnd;        /* One byte past the end of usable data */
  u8 *aCellIdx;        /* The cell index area */
  DbPage *pDbPage;     /* Pager page handle */
  u16 (*xCellSize)(MemPage*,u8*);             /* cellSizePtr method */
  void (*xParseCell)(MemPage*,u8*,CellInfo*); /* btreeParseCell method */
  Pgno pgno;           /* Page number for this page */
};

/*
** The in-memory image of a disk page has the auxiliary information appended
** to the end.  EXTRA_SIZE is the number of bytes of space needed to hold
** that extra information.
................................................................................
*/
struct Btree {
  sqlite3 *db;       /* The database connection holding this btree */
  BtShared *pBt;     /* Sharable content of this btree */
  u8 inTrans;        /* TRANS_NONE, TRANS_READ or TRANS_WRITE */
  u8 sharable;       /* True if we can share pBt with another db */
  u8 locked;         /* True if db currently has pBt locked */
  u8 hasIncrblobCur; /* True if there are one or more Incrblob cursors */
  int wantToLock;    /* Number of nested calls to sqlite3BtreeEnter() */
  int nBackup;       /* Number of backup operations reading this btree */
  u32 iDataVersion;  /* Combines with pBt->pPager->iDataVersion */
  Btree *pNext;      /* List of other sharable Btrees from the same db */
  Btree *pPrev;      /* Back pointer of the same list */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
  BtLock lock;       /* Object used to lock page 1 */
................................................................................
#define BTS_PENDING          0x0040   /* Waiting for read-locks to clear */

/*
** An instance of the following structure is used to hold information
** about a cell.  The parseCellPtr() function fills in this structure
** based on information extract from the raw disk page.
*/

struct CellInfo {
  i64 nKey;      /* The key for INTKEY tables, or nPayload otherwise */
  u8 *pPayload;  /* Pointer to the start of payload */
  u32 nPayload;  /* Bytes of payload */
  u16 nLocal;    /* Amount of payload held locally, not on overflow */
  u16 iOverflow; /* Offset to overflow page number.  Zero if no overflow */
  u16 nSize;     /* Size of the cell content on the main b-tree page */
................................................................................
*/
static void invalidateIncrblobCursors(
  Btree *pBtree,          /* The database file to check */
  i64 iRow,               /* The rowid that might be changing */
  int isClearTable        /* True if all rows are being deleted */
){
  BtCursor *p;
  if( pBtree->hasIncrblobCur==0 ) return;
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(pBtree) );
  pBtree->hasIncrblobCur = 0;
  for(p=pBtree->pBt->pCursor; p; p=p->pNext){
    if( (p->curFlags & BTCF_Incrblob)!=0 ){
      pBtree->hasIncrblobCur = 1;
      if( isClearTable || p->info.nKey==iRow ){

        p->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;
      }
    }
  }
}

#else
  /* Stub function when INCRBLOB is omitted */
  #define invalidateIncrblobCursors(x,y,z)
................................................................................
** the page, 1 means the second cell, and so forth) return a pointer
** to the cell content.
**
** This routine works only for pages that do not contain overflow cells.
*/
#define findCell(P,I) \
  ((P)->aData + ((P)->maskPage & get2byte(&(P)->aCellIdx[2*(I)])))



/*
** This is common tail processing for btreeParseCellPtr() and
** btreeParseCellPtrIndex() for the case when the cell does not fit entirely
** on a single B-tree page.  Make necessary adjustments to the CellInfo
** structure.
*/
static SQLITE_NOINLINE void btreeParseCellAdjustSizeForOverflow(
  MemPage *pPage,         /* Page containing the cell */
  u8 *pCell,              /* Pointer to the cell text. */
  CellInfo *pInfo         /* Fill in this structure */

){
  /* If the payload will not fit completely on the local page, we have
  ** to decide how much to store locally and how much to spill onto
  ** overflow pages.  The strategy is to minimize the amount of unused
  ** space on overflow pages while keeping the amount of local storage
  ** in between minLocal and maxLocal.
  **
  ** Warning:  changing the way overflow payload is distributed in any
  ** way will result in an incompatible file format.
  */
  int minLocal;  /* Minimum amount of payload held locally */
  int maxLocal;  /* Maximum amount of payload held locally */
  int surplus;   /* Overflow payload available for local storage */


  minLocal = pPage->minLocal;
  maxLocal = pPage->maxLocal;
  surplus = minLocal + (pInfo->nPayload - minLocal)%(pPage->pBt->usableSize-4);
  testcase( surplus==maxLocal );
  testcase( surplus==maxLocal+1 );
  if( surplus <= maxLocal ){
    pInfo->nLocal = (u16)surplus;
  }else{
    pInfo->nLocal = (u16)minLocal;
  }
  pInfo->iOverflow = (u16)(&pInfo->pPayload[pInfo->nLocal] - pCell);
  pInfo->nSize = pInfo->iOverflow + 4;
}



/*
** The following routines are implementations of the MemPage.xParseCell()
** method.
**
** Parse a cell content block and fill in the CellInfo structure.



**
** btreeParseCellPtr()        =>   table btree leaf nodes
** btreeParseCellNoPayload()  =>   table btree internal nodes
** btreeParseCellPtrIndex()   =>   index btree nodes
**
** There is also a wrapper function btreeParseCell() that works for
** all MemPage types and that references the cell by index rather than
** by pointer.
*/
static void btreeParseCellPtrNoPayload(
  MemPage *pPage,         /* Page containing the cell */
  u8 *pCell,              /* Pointer to the cell text. */
  CellInfo *pInfo         /* Fill in this structure */
){
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  assert( pPage->leaf==0 );
  assert( pPage->noPayload );
  assert( pPage->childPtrSize==4 );
  pInfo->nSize = 4 + getVarint(&pCell[4], (u64*)&pInfo->nKey);
  pInfo->nPayload = 0;
  pInfo->nLocal = 0;
  pInfo->iOverflow = 0;
  pInfo->pPayload = 0;
  return;
}
static void btreeParseCellPtr(
  MemPage *pPage,         /* Page containing the cell */
  u8 *pCell,              /* Pointer to the cell text. */
  CellInfo *pInfo         /* Fill in this structure */
){
  u8 *pIter;              /* For scanning through pCell */
  u32 nPayload;           /* Number of bytes of cell payload */
  u64 iKey;               /* Extracted Key value */

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  assert( pPage->leaf==0 || pPage->leaf==1 );
  assert( pPage->intKeyLeaf || pPage->noPayload );
  assert( pPage->noPayload==0 );
  assert( pPage->intKeyLeaf );
  assert( pPage->childPtrSize==0 );
  pIter = pCell;

  /* The next block of code is equivalent to:
  **
  **     pIter += getVarint32(pIter, nPayload);
  **
  ** The code is inlined to avoid a function call.
  */
  nPayload = *pIter;
  if( nPayload>=0x80 ){
    u8 *pEnd = &pIter[8];
    nPayload &= 0x7f;
    do{
      nPayload = (nPayload<<7) | (*++pIter & 0x7f);
    }while( (*pIter)>=0x80 && pIter<pEnd );
  }
  pIter++;

  /* The next block of code is equivalent to:
  **
  **     pIter += getVarint(pIter, (u64*)&pInfo->nKey);



  **
  ** The code is inlined to avoid a function call.
  */
  iKey = *pIter;
  if( iKey>=0x80 ){
    u8 *pEnd = &pIter[7];
    iKey &= 0x7f;
    while(1){
      iKey = (iKey<<7) | (*++pIter & 0x7f);
      if( (*pIter)<0x80 ) break;
      if( pIter>=pEnd ){
        iKey = (iKey<<8) | *++pIter;
        break;
      }
    }
  }
  pIter++;

  pInfo->nKey = *(i64*)&iKey;
  pInfo->nPayload = nPayload;
  pInfo->pPayload = pIter;
  testcase( nPayload==pPage->maxLocal );
  testcase( nPayload==pPage->maxLocal+1 );
  if( nPayload<=pPage->maxLocal ){
    /* This is the (easy) common case where the entire payload fits
    ** on the local page.  No overflow is required.
    */
    pInfo->nSize = nPayload + (u16)(pIter - pCell);
    if( pInfo->nSize<4 ) pInfo->nSize = 4;
    pInfo->nLocal = (u16)nPayload;
    pInfo->iOverflow = 0;


  }else{
    btreeParseCellAdjustSizeForOverflow(pPage, pCell, pInfo);
  }
}
static void btreeParseCellPtrIndex(
  MemPage *pPage,         /* Page containing the cell */
  u8 *pCell,              /* Pointer to the cell text. */
  CellInfo *pInfo         /* Fill in this structure */
){
  u8 *pIter;              /* For scanning through pCell */
  u32 nPayload;           /* Number of bytes of cell payload */

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  assert( pPage->leaf==0 || pPage->leaf==1 );
  assert( pPage->intKeyLeaf==0 );
  assert( pPage->noPayload==0 );
  pIter = pCell + pPage->childPtrSize;

  nPayload = *pIter;
  if( nPayload>=0x80 ){
    u8 *pEnd = &pIter[8];
    nPayload &= 0x7f;
    do{
      nPayload = (nPayload<<7) | (*++pIter & 0x7f);
    }while( *(pIter)>=0x80 && pIter<pEnd );
  }
  pIter++;
  pInfo->nKey = nPayload;
  pInfo->nPayload = nPayload;
  pInfo->pPayload = pIter;
  testcase( nPayload==pPage->maxLocal );
  testcase( nPayload==pPage->maxLocal+1 );
  if( nPayload<=pPage->maxLocal ){
    /* This is the (easy) common case where the entire payload fits
    ** on the local page.  No overflow is required.
    */
    pInfo->nSize = nPayload + (u16)(pIter - pCell);
    if( pInfo->nSize<4 ) pInfo->nSize = 4;
    pInfo->nLocal = (u16)nPayload;
    pInfo->iOverflow = 0;
  }else{
    btreeParseCellAdjustSizeForOverflow(pPage, pCell, pInfo);
























  }
}
static void btreeParseCell(
  MemPage *pPage,         /* Page containing the cell */
  int iCell,              /* The cell index.  First cell is 0 */
  CellInfo *pInfo         /* Fill in this structure */
){
  pPage->xParseCell(pPage, findCell(pPage, iCell), pInfo);
}

/*
** The following routines are implementations of the MemPage.xCellSize
** method.
**
** Compute the total number of bytes that a Cell needs in the cell
** data area of the btree-page.  The return number includes the cell
** data header and the local payload, but not any overflow page or
** the space used by the cell pointer.
**
** cellSizePtrNoPayload()    =>   table internal nodes
** cellSizePtr()             =>   all index nodes & table leaf nodes
*/
static u16 cellSizePtr(MemPage *pPage, u8 *pCell){
  u8 *pIter = pCell + pPage->childPtrSize; /* For looping over bytes of pCell */
  u8 *pEnd;                                /* End mark for a varint */
  u32 nSize;                               /* Size value to return */

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  /* The value returned by this function should always be the same as
  ** the (CellInfo.nSize) value found by doing a full parse of the
  ** cell. If SQLITE_DEBUG is defined, an assert() at the bottom of
  ** this function verifies that this invariant is not violated. */
  CellInfo debuginfo;
  pPage->xParseCell(pPage, pCell, &debuginfo);
#endif

  assert( pPage->noPayload==0 );





  nSize = *pIter;
  if( nSize>=0x80 ){
    pEnd = &pIter[8];
    nSize &= 0x7f;
    do{
      nSize = (nSize<<7) | (*++pIter & 0x7f);
    }while( *(pIter)>=0x80 && pIter<pEnd );
  }
  pIter++;
  if( pPage->intKey ){
................................................................................
      nSize = minLocal;
    }
    nSize += 4 + (u16)(pIter - pCell);
  }
  assert( nSize==debuginfo.nSize || CORRUPT_DB );
  return (u16)nSize;
}
static u16 cellSizePtrNoPayload(MemPage *pPage, u8 *pCell){
  u8 *pIter = pCell + 4; /* For looping over bytes of pCell */
  u8 *pEnd;              /* End mark for a varint */

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  /* The value returned by this function should always be the same as
  ** the (CellInfo.nSize) value found by doing a full parse of the
  ** cell. If SQLITE_DEBUG is defined, an assert() at the bottom of
  ** this function verifies that this invariant is not violated. */
  CellInfo debuginfo;
  pPage->xParseCell(pPage, pCell, &debuginfo);
#endif

  assert( pPage->childPtrSize==4 );
  pEnd = pIter + 9;
  while( (*pIter++)&0x80 && pIter<pEnd );
  assert( debuginfo.nSize==(u16)(pIter - pCell) || CORRUPT_DB );
  return (u16)(pIter - pCell);
}


#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
/* This variation on cellSizePtr() is used inside of assert() statements
** only. */
static u16 cellSize(MemPage *pPage, int iCell){
  return pPage->xCellSize(pPage, findCell(pPage, iCell));
}
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
/*
** If the cell pCell, part of page pPage contains a pointer
** to an overflow page, insert an entry into the pointer-map
** for the overflow page.
*/
static void ptrmapPutOvflPtr(MemPage *pPage, u8 *pCell, int *pRC){
  CellInfo info;
  if( *pRC ) return;
  assert( pCell!=0 );
  pPage->xParseCell(pPage, pCell, &info);
  if( info.iOverflow ){
    Pgno ovfl = get4byte(&pCell[info.iOverflow]);
    ptrmapPut(pPage->pBt, ovfl, PTRMAP_OVERFLOW1, pPage->pgno, pRC);
  }
}
#endif

................................................................................
    /* These conditions have already been verified in btreeInitPage()
    ** if PRAGMA cell_size_check=ON.
    */
    if( pc<iCellFirst || pc>iCellLast ){
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }
    assert( pc>=iCellFirst && pc<=iCellLast );
    size = pPage->xCellSize(pPage, &src[pc]);
    cbrk -= size;
    if( cbrk<iCellFirst || pc+size>usableSize ){
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }
    assert( cbrk+size<=usableSize && cbrk>=iCellFirst );
    testcase( cbrk+size==usableSize );
    testcase( pc+size==usableSize );
................................................................................
** from the free-list.
**
** If no suitable space can be found on the free-list, return NULL.
**
** This function may detect corruption within pPg.  If corruption is
** detected then *pRc is set to SQLITE_CORRUPT and NULL is returned.
**
** Slots on the free list that are between 1 and 3 bytes larger than nByte
** will be ignored if adding the extra space to the fragmentation count
** causes the fragmentation count to exceed 60.
*/
static u8 *pageFindSlot(MemPage *pPg, int nByte, int *pRc){
  const int hdr = pPg->hdrOffset;
  u8 * const aData = pPg->aData;
  int iAddr = hdr + 1;
  int pc = get2byte(&aData[iAddr]);
  int x;
  int usableSize = pPg->pBt->usableSize;


  assert( pc>0 );
  do{
    int size;            /* Size of the free slot */
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-06866-39125 Freeblocks are always connected in order of
    ** increasing offset. */
    if( pc>usableSize-4 || pc<iAddr+4 ){
      *pRc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      return 0;
    }
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-22710-53328 The third and fourth bytes of each
    ** freeblock form a big-endian integer which is the size of the freeblock
    ** in bytes, including the 4-byte header. */
    size = get2byte(&aData[pc+2]);

    if( (x = size - nByte)>=0 ){
      testcase( x==4 );
      testcase( x==3 );
      if( pc < pPg->cellOffset+2*pPg->nCell || size+pc > usableSize ){
        *pRc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
        return 0;
      }else if( x<4 ){
        /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-11498-58022 In a well-formed b-tree page, the total
        ** number of bytes in fragments may not exceed 60. */
        if( aData[hdr+7]>57 ) return 0;



        /* Remove the slot from the free-list. Update the number of
        ** fragmented bytes within the page. */
        memcpy(&aData[iAddr], &aData[pc], 2);
        aData[hdr+7] += (u8)x;



      }else{
        /* The slot remains on the free-list. Reduce its size to account
         ** for the portion used by the new allocation. */
        put2byte(&aData[pc+2], x);
      }
      return &aData[pc + x];
    }
    iAddr = pc;
    pc = get2byte(&aData[pc]);
  }while( pc );

  return 0;
}

/*
** Allocate nByte bytes of space from within the B-Tree page passed
** as the first argument. Write into *pIdx the index into pPage->aData[]
................................................................................
  gap = pPage->cellOffset + 2*pPage->nCell;
  assert( gap<=65536 );
  /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-29356-02391 If the database uses a 65536-byte page size
  ** and the reserved space is zero (the usual value for reserved space)
  ** then the cell content offset of an empty page wants to be 65536.
  ** However, that integer is too large to be stored in a 2-byte unsigned
  ** integer, so a value of 0 is used in its place. */
  top = get2byte(&data[hdr+5]);
  assert( top<=(int)pPage->pBt->usableSize ); /* Prevent by getAndInitPage() */
  if( gap>top ){
    if( top==0 && pPage->pBt->usableSize==65536 ){
      top = 65536;
    }else{
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }
  }

  /* If there is enough space between gap and top for one more cell pointer
  ** array entry offset, and if the freelist is not empty, then search the
  ** freelist looking for a free slot big enough to satisfy the request.
  */
  testcase( gap+2==top );
  testcase( gap+1==top );
  testcase( gap==top );
  if( (data[hdr+2] || data[hdr+1]) && gap+2<=top ){

    u8 *pSpace = pageFindSlot(pPage, nByte, &rc);


    if( pSpace ){
      assert( pSpace>=data && (pSpace - data)<65536 );
      *pIdx = (int)(pSpace - data);
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }else if( rc ){
      return rc;
    }
  }

  /* The request could not be fulfilled using a freelist slot.  Check
  ** to see if defragmentation is necessary.
  */
  testcase( gap+2+nByte==top );
  if( gap+2+nByte>top ){

    assert( pPage->nCell>0 || CORRUPT_DB );
    rc = defragmentPage(pPage);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    top = get2byteNotZero(&data[hdr+5]);
    assert( gap+nByte<=top );
  }

................................................................................
      iPtr = iFreeBlk;
    }
    if( iFreeBlk>iLast ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    assert( iFreeBlk>iPtr || iFreeBlk==0 );
  
    /* At this point:
    **    iFreeBlk:   First freeblock after iStart, or zero if none
    **    iPtr:       The address of a pointer to iFreeBlk
    **
    ** Check to see if iFreeBlk should be coalesced onto the end of iStart.
    */
    if( iFreeBlk && iEnd+3>=iFreeBlk ){
      nFrag = iFreeBlk - iEnd;
      if( iEnd>iFreeBlk ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      iEnd = iFreeBlk + get2byte(&data[iFreeBlk+2]);
      if( iEnd > pPage->pBt->usableSize ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      iSize = iEnd - iStart;
      iFreeBlk = get2byte(&data[iFreeBlk]);
    }
  
    /* If iPtr is another freeblock (that is, if iPtr is not the freelist
    ** pointer in the page header) then check to see if iStart should be
    ** coalesced onto the end of iPtr.
................................................................................
  BtShared *pBt;     /* A copy of pPage->pBt */

  assert( pPage->hdrOffset==(pPage->pgno==1 ? 100 : 0) );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  pPage->leaf = (u8)(flagByte>>3);  assert( PTF_LEAF == 1<<3 );
  flagByte &= ~PTF_LEAF;
  pPage->childPtrSize = 4-4*pPage->leaf;
  pPage->xCellSize = cellSizePtr;
  pBt = pPage->pBt;
  if( flagByte==(PTF_LEAFDATA | PTF_INTKEY) ){
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-03640-13415 A value of 5 means the page is an interior
    ** table b-tree page. */
    assert( (PTF_LEAFDATA|PTF_INTKEY)==5 );
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-20501-61796 A value of 13 means the page is a leaf
    ** table b-tree page. */
    assert( (PTF_LEAFDATA|PTF_INTKEY|PTF_LEAF)==13 );
    pPage->intKey = 1;
    if( pPage->leaf ){
      pPage->intKeyLeaf = 1;
      pPage->noPayload = 0;
      pPage->xParseCell = btreeParseCellPtr;
    }else{
      pPage->intKeyLeaf = 0;
      pPage->noPayload = 1;
      pPage->xCellSize = cellSizePtrNoPayload;
      pPage->xParseCell = btreeParseCellPtrNoPayload;
    }
    pPage->maxLocal = pBt->maxLeaf;
    pPage->minLocal = pBt->minLeaf;
  }else if( flagByte==PTF_ZERODATA ){
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-27225-53936 A value of 2 means the page is an interior
    ** index b-tree page. */
    assert( (PTF_ZERODATA)==2 );
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-16571-11615 A value of 10 means the page is a leaf
    ** index b-tree page. */
    assert( (PTF_ZERODATA|PTF_LEAF)==10 );
    pPage->intKey = 0;
    pPage->intKeyLeaf = 0;
    pPage->noPayload = 0;
    pPage->xParseCell = btreeParseCellPtrIndex;
    pPage->maxLocal = pBt->maxLocal;
    pPage->minLocal = pBt->minLocal;
  }else{
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-47608-56469 Any other value for the b-tree page type is
    ** an error. */
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
................................................................................
      for(i=0; i<pPage->nCell; i++){
        pc = get2byte(&data[cellOffset+i*2]);
        testcase( pc==iCellFirst );
        testcase( pc==iCellLast );
        if( pc<iCellFirst || pc>iCellLast ){
          return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
        }
        sz = pPage->xCellSize(pPage, &data[pc]);
        testcase( pc+sz==usableSize );
        if( pc+sz>usableSize ){
          return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
        }
      }
      if( !pPage->leaf ) iCellLast++;
    }  
................................................................................
    if( rc ) return rc;
    nCell = pPage->nCell;

    for(i=0; i<nCell; i++){
      u8 *pCell = findCell(pPage, i);
      if( eType==PTRMAP_OVERFLOW1 ){
        CellInfo info;
        pPage->xParseCell(pPage, pCell, &info);
        if( info.iOverflow
         && pCell+info.iOverflow+3<=pPage->aData+pPage->maskPage
         && iFrom==get4byte(&pCell[info.iOverflow])
        ){
          put4byte(&pCell[info.iOverflow], iTo);
          break;
        }
................................................................................
/*
** Make sure the BtCursor* given in the argument has a valid
** BtCursor.info structure.  If it is not already valid, call
** btreeParseCell() to fill it in.
**
** BtCursor.info is a cache of the information in the current cell.
** Using this cache reduces the number of calls to btreeParseCell().







*/
#ifndef NDEBUG
  static void assertCellInfo(BtCursor *pCur){
    CellInfo info;
    int iPage = pCur->iPage;
    memset(&info, 0, sizeof(info));
    btreeParseCell(pCur->apPage[iPage], pCur->aiIdx[iPage], &info);
    assert( CORRUPT_DB || memcmp(&info, &pCur->info, sizeof(info))==0 );
  }
#else
  #define assertCellInfo(x)
#endif


static SQLITE_NOINLINE void getCellInfo(BtCursor *pCur){
  if( pCur->info.nSize==0 ){
    int iPage = pCur->iPage;

    pCur->curFlags |= BTCF_ValidNKey;
    btreeParseCell(pCur->apPage[iPage],pCur->aiIdx[iPage],&pCur->info);
  }else{
    assertCellInfo(pCur);
  }
}












#ifndef NDEBUG  /* The next routine used only within assert() statements */
/*
** Return true if the given BtCursor is valid.  A valid cursor is one
** that is currently pointing to a row in a (non-empty) table.
** This is a verification routine is used only within assert() statements.
*/
................................................................................
          **
          ** If the record is corrupt, the xRecordCompare routine may read
          ** up to two varints past the end of the buffer. An extra 18 
          ** bytes of padding is allocated at the end of the buffer in
          ** case this happens.  */
          void *pCellKey;
          u8 * const pCellBody = pCell - pPage->childPtrSize;
          pPage->xParseCell(pPage, pCellBody, &pCur->info);
          nCell = (int)pCur->info.nKey;
          testcase( nCell<0 );   /* True if key size is 2^32 or more */
          testcase( nCell==0 );  /* Invalid key size:  0x80 0x80 0x00 */
          testcase( nCell==1 );  /* Invalid key size:  0x80 0x80 0x01 */
          testcase( nCell==2 );  /* Minimum legal index key size */
          if( nCell<2 ){
            rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
................................................................................
  if( n>=mxPage ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  if( n>0 ){
    /* There are pages on the freelist.  Reuse one of those pages. */
    Pgno iTrunk;
    u8 searchList = 0; /* If the free-list must be searched for 'nearby' */
    u32 nSearch = 0;   /* Count of the number of search attempts */
    
    /* If eMode==BTALLOC_EXACT and a query of the pointer-map
    ** shows that the page 'nearby' is somewhere on the free-list, then
    ** the entire-list will be searched for that page.
    */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
    if( eMode==BTALLOC_EXACT ){
................................................................................
      }else{
        /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-59841-13798 The 4-byte big-endian integer at offset 32
        ** stores the page number of the first page of the freelist, or zero if
        ** the freelist is empty. */
        iTrunk = get4byte(&pPage1->aData[32]);
      }
      testcase( iTrunk==mxPage );
      if( iTrunk>mxPage || nSearch++ > n ){
        rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      }else{
        rc = btreeGetUnusedPage(pBt, iTrunk, &pTrunk, 0);
      }
      if( rc ){
        pTrunk = 0;
        goto end_allocate_page;
................................................................................
  CellInfo info;
  Pgno ovflPgno;
  int rc;
  int nOvfl;
  u32 ovflPageSize;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  pPage->xParseCell(pPage, pCell, &info);
  *pnSize = info.nSize;
  if( info.iOverflow==0 ){
    return SQLITE_OK;  /* No overflow pages. Return without doing anything */
  }
  if( pCell+info.iOverflow+3 > pPage->aData+pPage->maskPage ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;  /* Cell extends past end of page */
  }
................................................................................
  **
  ** Use a call to btreeParseCellPtr() to verify that the values above
  ** were computed correctly.
  */
#if SQLITE_DEBUG
  {
    CellInfo info;
    pPage->xParseCell(pPage, pCell, &info);
    assert( nHeader=(int)(info.pPayload - pCell) );
    assert( info.nKey==nKey );
    assert( *pnSize == info.nSize );
    assert( spaceLeft == info.nLocal );
    assert( pPrior == &pCell[info.iOverflow] );
  }
#endif
................................................................................
  int sz,           /* Bytes of content in pCell */
  u8 *pTemp,        /* Temp storage space for pCell, if needed */
  Pgno iChild,      /* If non-zero, replace first 4 bytes with this value */
  int *pRC          /* Read and write return code from here */
){
  int idx = 0;      /* Where to write new cell content in data[] */
  int j;            /* Loop counter */



  u8 *data;         /* The content of the whole page */
  u8 *pIns;         /* The point in pPage->aCellIdx[] where no cell inserted */

  if( *pRC ) return;

  assert( i>=0 && i<=pPage->nCell+pPage->nOverflow );
  assert( MX_CELL(pPage->pBt)<=10921 );
  assert( pPage->nCell<=MX_CELL(pPage->pBt) || CORRUPT_DB );
  assert( pPage->nOverflow<=ArraySize(pPage->apOvfl) );
................................................................................
  assert( ArraySize(pPage->apOvfl)==ArraySize(pPage->aiOvfl) );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  /* The cell should normally be sized correctly.  However, when moving a
  ** malformed cell from a leaf page to an interior page, if the cell size
  ** wanted to be less than 4 but got rounded up to 4 on the leaf, then size
  ** might be less than 8 (leaf-size + pointer) on the interior node.  Hence
  ** the term after the || in the following assert(). */
  assert( sz==pPage->xCellSize(pPage, pCell) || (sz==8 && iChild>0) );
  if( pPage->nOverflow || sz+2>pPage->nFree ){
    if( pTemp ){
      memcpy(pTemp, pCell, sz);
      pCell = pTemp;
    }
    if( iChild ){
      put4byte(pCell, iChild);
    }
    j = pPage->nOverflow++;
    assert( j<(int)(sizeof(pPage->apOvfl)/sizeof(pPage->apOvfl[0])) );
    pPage->apOvfl[j] = pCell;
    pPage->aiOvfl[j] = (u16)i;

    /* When multiple overflows occur, they are always sequential and in
    ** sorted order.  This invariants arise because multiple overflows can
    ** only occur when inserting divider cells into the parent page during
    ** balancing, and the dividers are adjacent and sorted.
    */
    assert( j==0 || pPage->aiOvfl[j-1]<(u16)i ); /* Overflows in sorted order */
    assert( j==0 || i==pPage->aiOvfl[j-1]+1 );   /* Overflows are sequential */
  }else{
    int rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPage->pDbPage);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      *pRC = rc;
      return;
    }
    assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pPage->pDbPage) );
    data = pPage->aData;
    assert( &data[pPage->cellOffset]==pPage->aCellIdx );


    rc = allocateSpace(pPage, sz, &idx);
    if( rc ){ *pRC = rc; return; }
    /* The allocateSpace() routine guarantees the following properties
    ** if it returns successfully */
    assert( idx >= 0 );
    assert( idx >= pPage->cellOffset+2*pPage->nCell+2 || CORRUPT_DB );
    assert( idx+sz <= (int)pPage->pBt->usableSize );

    pPage->nFree -= (u16)(2 + sz);
    memcpy(&data[idx], pCell, sz);
    if( iChild ){
      put4byte(&data[idx], iChild);
    }
    pIns = pPage->aCellIdx + i*2;
    memmove(pIns+2, pIns, 2*(pPage->nCell - i));
    put2byte(pIns, idx);
    pPage->nCell++;
    /* increment the cell count */
    if( (++data[pPage->hdrOffset+4])==0 ) data[pPage->hdrOffset+3]++;
    assert( get2byte(&data[pPage->hdrOffset+3])==pPage->nCell );
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
    if( pPage->pBt->autoVacuum ){
      /* The cell may contain a pointer to an overflow page. If so, write
      ** the entry for the overflow page into the pointer map.
      */
      ptrmapPutOvflPtr(pPage, pCell, pRC);
    }
#endif
  }
}

/*
** A CellArray object contains a cache of pointers and sizes for a
** consecutive sequence of cells that might be held multiple pages.
*/
typedef struct CellArray CellArray;
struct CellArray {
  int nCell;              /* Number of cells in apCell[] */
  MemPage *pRef;          /* Reference page */
  u8 **apCell;            /* All cells begin balanced */
  u16 *szCell;            /* Local size of all cells in apCell[] */
};

/*
** Make sure the cell sizes at idx, idx+1, ..., idx+N-1 have been
** computed.
*/
static void populateCellCache(CellArray *p, int idx, int N){
  assert( idx>=0 && idx+N<=p->nCell );
  while( N>0 ){
    assert( p->apCell[idx]!=0 );
    if( p->szCell[idx]==0 ){
      p->szCell[idx] = p->pRef->xCellSize(p->pRef, p->apCell[idx]);
    }else{
      assert( CORRUPT_DB ||
              p->szCell[idx]==p->pRef->xCellSize(p->pRef, p->apCell[idx]) );
    }
    idx++;
    N--;
  }
}

/*
** Return the size of the Nth element of the cell array
*/
static SQLITE_NOINLINE u16 computeCellSize(CellArray *p, int N){
  assert( N>=0 && N<p->nCell );
  assert( p->szCell[N]==0 );
  p->szCell[N] = p->pRef->xCellSize(p->pRef, p->apCell[N]);
  return p->szCell[N];
}
static u16 cachedCellSize(CellArray *p, int N){
  assert( N>=0 && N<p->nCell );
  if( p->szCell[N] ) return p->szCell[N];
  return computeCellSize(p, N);
}

/*
** Array apCell[] contains pointers to nCell b-tree page cells. The 
** szCell[] array contains the size in bytes of each cell. This function
** replaces the current contents of page pPg with the contents of the cell
** array.
**
................................................................................
** Some of the cells in apCell[] may currently be stored in pPg. This
** function works around problems caused by this by making a copy of any 
** such cells before overwriting the page data.
**
** The MemPage.nFree field is invalidated by this function. It is the 
** responsibility of the caller to set it correctly.
*/
static int rebuildPage(
  MemPage *pPg,                   /* Edit this page */
  int nCell,                      /* Final number of cells on page */
  u8 **apCell,                    /* Array of cells */
  u16 *szCell                     /* Array of cell sizes */
){
  const int hdr = pPg->hdrOffset;          /* Offset of header on pPg */
  u8 * const aData = pPg->aData;           /* Pointer to data for pPg */
................................................................................
  pData = pEnd;
  for(i=0; i<nCell; i++){
    u8 *pCell = apCell[i];
    if( pCell>aData && pCell<pEnd ){
      pCell = &pTmp[pCell - aData];
    }
    pData -= szCell[i];

    put2byte(pCellptr, (pData - aData));
    pCellptr += 2;
    if( pData < pCellptr ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    memcpy(pData, pCell, szCell[i]);
    assert( szCell[i]==pPg->xCellSize(pPg, pCell) || CORRUPT_DB );
    testcase( szCell[i]!=pPg->xCellSize(pPg,pCell) );
  }

  /* The pPg->nFree field is now set incorrectly. The caller will fix it. */
  pPg->nCell = nCell;
  pPg->nOverflow = 0;

  put2byte(&aData[hdr+1], 0);
  put2byte(&aData[hdr+3], pPg->nCell);
  put2byte(&aData[hdr+5], pData - aData);
  aData[hdr+7] = 0x00;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Array apCell[] contains nCell pointers to b-tree cells. Array szCell
** contains the size in bytes of each such cell. This function attempts to 
** add the cells stored in the array to page pPg. If it cannot (because 
** the page needs to be defragmented before the cells will fit), non-zero
................................................................................
** cells in apCell[], then the cells do not fit and non-zero is returned.
*/
static int pageInsertArray(
  MemPage *pPg,                   /* Page to add cells to */
  u8 *pBegin,                     /* End of cell-pointer array */
  u8 **ppData,                    /* IN/OUT: Page content -area pointer */
  u8 *pCellptr,                   /* Pointer to cell-pointer area */
  int iFirst,                     /* Index of first cell to add */
  int nCell,                      /* Number of cells to add to pPg */
  CellArray *pCArray              /* Array of cells */
){
  int i;
  u8 *aData = pPg->aData;
  u8 *pData = *ppData;
  int iEnd = iFirst + nCell;
  assert( CORRUPT_DB || pPg->hdrOffset==0 );    /* Never called on page 1 */
  for(i=iFirst; i<iEnd; i++){

    int sz, rc;
    u8 *pSlot;
    sz = cachedCellSize(pCArray, i);
    if( (aData[1]==0 && aData[2]==0) || (pSlot = pageFindSlot(pPg,sz,&rc))==0 ){
      pData -= sz;
      if( pData<pBegin ) return 1;
      pSlot = pData;
    }
    memcpy(pSlot, pCArray->apCell[i], sz);
    put2byte(pCellptr, (pSlot - aData));
    pCellptr += 2;
  }
  *ppData = pData;
  return 0;
}

................................................................................
** within the body of pPg to the pPg free-list. The cell-pointers and other
** fields of the page are not updated.
**
** This function returns the total number of cells added to the free-list.
*/
static int pageFreeArray(
  MemPage *pPg,                   /* Page to edit */
  int iFirst,                     /* First cell to delete */
  int nCell,                      /* Cells to delete */
  CellArray *pCArray              /* Array of cells */
){
  u8 * const aData = pPg->aData;
  u8 * const pEnd = &aData[pPg->pBt->usableSize];
  u8 * const pStart = &aData[pPg->hdrOffset + 8 + pPg->childPtrSize];
  int nRet = 0;
  int i;
  int iEnd = iFirst + nCell;
  u8 *pFree = 0;
  int szFree = 0;

  for(i=iFirst; i<iEnd; i++){
    u8 *pCell = pCArray->apCell[i];
    if( pCell>=pStart && pCell<pEnd ){
      int sz;
      /* No need to use cachedCellSize() here.  The sizes of all cells that
      ** are to be freed have already been computing while deciding which
      ** cells need freeing */
      sz = pCArray->szCell[i];  assert( sz>0 );
      if( pFree!=(pCell + sz) ){
        if( pFree ){
          assert( pFree>aData && (pFree - aData)<65536 );
          freeSpace(pPg, (u16)(pFree - aData), szFree);
        }
        pFree = pCell;
        szFree = sz;
................................................................................
**
** This routine makes the necessary adjustments to pPg so that it contains
** the correct cells after being balanced.
**
** The pPg->nFree field is invalid when this function returns. It is the
** responsibility of the caller to set it correctly.
*/
static int editPage(
  MemPage *pPg,                   /* Edit this page */
  int iOld,                       /* Index of first cell currently on page */
  int iNew,                       /* Index of new first cell on page */
  int nNew,                       /* Final number of cells on page */
  CellArray *pCArray              /* Array of cells and sizes */

){
  u8 * const aData = pPg->aData;
  const int hdr = pPg->hdrOffset;
  u8 *pBegin = &pPg->aCellIdx[nNew * 2];
  int nCell = pPg->nCell;       /* Cells stored on pPg */
  u8 *pData;
  u8 *pCellptr;
................................................................................
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  u8 *pTmp = sqlite3PagerTempSpace(pPg->pBt->pPager);
  memcpy(pTmp, aData, pPg->pBt->usableSize);
#endif

  /* Remove cells from the start and end of the page */
  if( iOld<iNew ){
    int nShift = pageFreeArray(pPg, iOld, iNew-iOld, pCArray);


    memmove(pPg->aCellIdx, &pPg->aCellIdx[nShift*2], nCell*2);
    nCell -= nShift;
  }
  if( iNewEnd < iOldEnd ){
    nCell -= pageFreeArray(pPg, iNewEnd, iOldEnd - iNewEnd, pCArray);


  }

  pData = &aData[get2byteNotZero(&aData[hdr+5])];
  if( pData<pBegin ) goto editpage_fail;

  /* Add cells to the start of the page */
  if( iNew<iOld ){
    int nAdd = MIN(nNew,iOld-iNew);
    assert( (iOld-iNew)<nNew || nCell==0 || CORRUPT_DB );
    pCellptr = pPg->aCellIdx;
    memmove(&pCellptr[nAdd*2], pCellptr, nCell*2);
    if( pageInsertArray(
          pPg, pBegin, &pData, pCellptr,
          iNew, nAdd, pCArray
    ) ) goto editpage_fail;
    nCell += nAdd;
  }

  /* Add any overflow cells */
  for(i=0; i<pPg->nOverflow; i++){
    int iCell = (iOld + pPg->aiOvfl[i]) - iNew;
    if( iCell>=0 && iCell<nNew ){
      pCellptr = &pPg->aCellIdx[iCell * 2];
      memmove(&pCellptr[2], pCellptr, (nCell - iCell) * 2);
      nCell++;
      if( pageInsertArray(
            pPg, pBegin, &pData, pCellptr,
            iCell+iNew, 1, pCArray
      ) ) goto editpage_fail;
    }
  }

  /* Append cells to the end of the page */
  pCellptr = &pPg->aCellIdx[nCell*2];
  if( pageInsertArray(
        pPg, pBegin, &pData, pCellptr,
        iNew+nCell, nNew-nCell, pCArray
  ) ) goto editpage_fail;

  pPg->nCell = nNew;
  pPg->nOverflow = 0;

  put2byte(&aData[hdr+3], pPg->nCell);
  put2byte(&aData[hdr+5], pData - aData);

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  for(i=0; i<nNew && !CORRUPT_DB; i++){
    u8 *pCell = pCArray->apCell[i+iNew];
    int iOff = get2byte(&pPg->aCellIdx[i*2]);
    if( pCell>=aData && pCell<&aData[pPg->pBt->usableSize] ){
      pCell = &pTmp[pCell - aData];
    }
    assert( 0==memcmp(pCell, &aData[iOff],
            pCArray->pRef->xCellSize(pCArray->pRef, pCArray->apCell[i+iNew])) );
  }
#endif

  return SQLITE_OK;
 editpage_fail:
  /* Unable to edit this page. Rebuild it from scratch instead. */
  populateCellCache(pCArray, iNew, nNew);
  return rebuildPage(pPg, nNew, &pCArray->apCell[iNew], &pCArray->szCell[iNew]);
}

/*
** The following parameters determine how many adjacent pages get involved
** in a balancing operation.  NN is the number of neighbors on either side
** of the page that participate in the balancing operation.  NB is the
** total number of pages that participate, including the target page and
................................................................................
  */
  rc = allocateBtreePage(pBt, &pNew, &pgnoNew, 0, 0);

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){

    u8 *pOut = &pSpace[4];
    u8 *pCell = pPage->apOvfl[0];
    u16 szCell = pPage->xCellSize(pPage, pCell);
    u8 *pStop;

    assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pNew->pDbPage) );
    assert( pPage->aData[0]==(PTF_INTKEY|PTF_LEAFDATA|PTF_LEAF) );
    zeroPage(pNew, PTF_INTKEY|PTF_LEAFDATA|PTF_LEAF);
    rc = rebuildPage(pNew, 1, &pCell, &szCell);
    if( NEVER(rc) ) return rc;
    pNew->nFree = pBt->usableSize - pNew->cellOffset - 2 - szCell;

    /* If this is an auto-vacuum database, update the pointer map
    ** with entries for the new page, and any pointer from the 
    ** cell on the page to an overflow page. If either of these
    ** operations fails, the return code is set, but the contents
    ** of the parent page are still manipulated by thh code below.
................................................................................
    assert( pPage->isInit );

    for(j=0; j<pPage->nCell; j++){
      CellInfo info;
      u8 *z;
     
      z = findCell(pPage, j);
      pPage->xParseCell(pPage, z, &info);
      if( info.iOverflow ){
        Pgno ovfl = get4byte(&z[info.iOverflow]);
        ptrmapGet(pBt, ovfl, &e, &n);
        assert( n==pPage->pgno && e==PTRMAP_OVERFLOW1 );
      }
      if( !pPage->leaf ){
        Pgno child = get4byte(z);
................................................................................
  MemPage *pParent,               /* Parent page of siblings being balanced */
  int iParentIdx,                 /* Index of "the page" in pParent */
  u8 *aOvflSpace,                 /* page-size bytes of space for parent ovfl */
  int isRoot,                     /* True if pParent is a root-page */
  int bBulk                       /* True if this call is part of a bulk load */
){
  BtShared *pBt;               /* The whole database */

  int nMaxCells = 0;           /* Allocated size of apCell, szCell, aFrom. */
  int nNew = 0;                /* Number of pages in apNew[] */
  int nOld;                    /* Number of pages in apOld[] */
  int i, j, k;                 /* Loop counters */
  int nxDiv;                   /* Next divider slot in pParent->aCell[] */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;          /* The return code */
  u16 leafCorrection;          /* 4 if pPage is a leaf.  0 if not */
  int leafData;                /* True if pPage is a leaf of a LEAFDATA tree */
  int usableSpace;             /* Bytes in pPage beyond the header */
  int pageFlags;               /* Value of pPage->aData[0] */

  int iSpace1 = 0;             /* First unused byte of aSpace1[] */
  int iOvflSpace = 0;          /* First unused byte of aOvflSpace[] */
  int szScratch;               /* Size of scratch memory requested */
  MemPage *apOld[NB];          /* pPage and up to two siblings */
  MemPage *apNew[NB+2];        /* pPage and up to NB siblings after balancing */
  u8 *pRight;                  /* Location in parent of right-sibling pointer */
  u8 *apDiv[NB-1];             /* Divider cells in pParent */
  int cntNew[NB+2];            /* Index in b.paCell[] of cell after i-th page */
  int cntOld[NB+2];            /* Old index in b.apCell[] */
  int szNew[NB+2];             /* Combined size of cells placed on i-th page */


  u8 *aSpace1;                 /* Space for copies of dividers cells */
  Pgno pgno;                   /* Temp var to store a page number in */
  u8 abDone[NB+2];             /* True after i'th new page is populated */
  Pgno aPgno[NB+2];            /* Page numbers of new pages before shuffling */
  Pgno aPgOrder[NB+2];         /* Copy of aPgno[] used for sorting pages */
  u16 aPgFlags[NB+2];          /* flags field of new pages before shuffling */
  CellArray b;                  /* Parsed information on cells being balanced */

  memset(abDone, 0, sizeof(abDone));
  b.nCell = 0;
  b.apCell = 0;
  pBt = pParent->pBt;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pParent->pDbPage) );

#if 0
  TRACE(("BALANCE: begin page %d child of %d\n", pPage->pgno, pParent->pgno));
#endif
................................................................................
    }
    nMaxCells += 1+apOld[i]->nCell+apOld[i]->nOverflow;
    if( (i--)==0 ) break;

    if( i+nxDiv==pParent->aiOvfl[0] && pParent->nOverflow ){
      apDiv[i] = pParent->apOvfl[0];
      pgno = get4byte(apDiv[i]);
      szNew[i] = pParent->xCellSize(pParent, apDiv[i]);
      pParent->nOverflow = 0;
    }else{
      apDiv[i] = findCell(pParent, i+nxDiv-pParent->nOverflow);
      pgno = get4byte(apDiv[i]);
      szNew[i] = pParent->xCellSize(pParent, apDiv[i]);

      /* Drop the cell from the parent page. apDiv[i] still points to
      ** the cell within the parent, even though it has been dropped.
      ** This is safe because dropping a cell only overwrites the first
      ** four bytes of it, and this function does not need the first
      ** four bytes of the divider cell. So the pointer is safe to use
      ** later on.  
................................................................................
  ** alignment */
  nMaxCells = (nMaxCells + 3)&~3;

  /*
  ** Allocate space for memory structures
  */
  szScratch =
       nMaxCells*sizeof(u8*)                       /* b.apCell */
     + nMaxCells*sizeof(u16)                       /* b.szCell */
     + pBt->pageSize;                              /* aSpace1 */

  /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-28375-38319 SQLite will never request a scratch buffer
  ** that is more than 6 times the database page size. */
  assert( szScratch<=6*(int)pBt->pageSize );
  b.apCell = sqlite3ScratchMalloc( szScratch ); 
  if( b.apCell==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    goto balance_cleanup;
  }
  b.szCell = (u16*)&b.apCell[nMaxCells];
  aSpace1 = (u8*)&b.szCell[nMaxCells];
  assert( EIGHT_BYTE_ALIGNMENT(aSpace1) );

  /*
  ** Load pointers to all cells on sibling pages and the divider cells
  ** into the local b.apCell[] array.  Make copies of the divider cells
  ** into space obtained from aSpace1[]. The divider cells have already
  ** been removed from pParent.
  **
  ** If the siblings are on leaf pages, then the child pointers of the
  ** divider cells are stripped from the cells before they are copied
  ** into aSpace1[].  In this way, all cells in b.apCell[] are without
  ** child pointers.  If siblings are not leaves, then all cell in
  ** b.apCell[] include child pointers.  Either way, all cells in b.apCell[]
  ** are alike.
  **
  ** leafCorrection:  4 if pPage is a leaf.  0 if pPage is not a leaf.
  **       leafData:  1 if pPage holds key+data and pParent holds only keys.
  */
  b.pRef = apOld[0];
  leafCorrection = b.pRef->leaf*4;
  leafData = b.pRef->intKeyLeaf;
  for(i=0; i<nOld; i++){

    MemPage *pOld = apOld[i];
    int limit = pOld->nCell;
    u8 *aData = pOld->aData;
    u16 maskPage = pOld->maskPage;
    u8 *piCell = aData + pOld->cellOffset;
    u8 *piEnd;

    /* Verify that all sibling pages are of the same "type" (table-leaf,
    ** table-interior, index-leaf, or index-interior).
    */
    if( pOld->aData[0]!=apOld[0]->aData[0] ){
      rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      goto balance_cleanup;
    }

    /* Load b.apCell[] with pointers to all cells in pOld.  If pOld
    ** constains overflow cells, include them in the b.apCell[] array
    ** in the correct spot.
    **
    ** Note that when there are multiple overflow cells, it is always the
    ** case that they are sequential and adjacent.  This invariant arises
    ** because multiple overflows can only occurs when inserting divider
    ** cells into a parent on a prior balance, and divider cells are always
    ** adjacent and are inserted in order.  There is an assert() tagged
    ** with "NOTE 1" in the overflow cell insertion loop to prove this
    ** invariant.
    **
    ** This must be done in advance.  Once the balance starts, the cell
    ** offset section of the btree page will be overwritten and we will no
    ** long be able to find the cells if a pointer to each cell is not saved
    ** first.
    */
    memset(&b.szCell[b.nCell], 0, sizeof(b.szCell[0])*limit);
    if( pOld->nOverflow>0 ){
      memset(&b.szCell[b.nCell+limit], 0, sizeof(b.szCell[0])*pOld->nOverflow);
      limit = pOld->aiOvfl[0];
      for(j=0; j<limit; j++){



        b.apCell[b.nCell] = aData + (maskPage & get2byte(piCell));
        piCell += 2;
        b.nCell++;
      }



      for(k=0; k<pOld->nOverflow; k++){
        assert( k==0 || pOld->aiOvfl[k-1]+1==pOld->aiOvfl[k] );/* NOTE 1 */
        b.apCell[b.nCell] = pOld->apOvfl[k];
        b.nCell++;
      }
    }
    piEnd = aData + pOld->cellOffset + 2*pOld->nCell;

    while( piCell<piEnd ){
      assert( b.nCell<nMaxCells );


      b.apCell[b.nCell] = aData + (maskPage & get2byte(piCell));
      piCell += 2;
      b.nCell++;
    }

    cntOld[i] = b.nCell;
    if( i<nOld-1 && !leafData){
      u16 sz = (u16)szNew[i];
      u8 *pTemp;
      assert( b.nCell<nMaxCells );
      b.szCell[b.nCell] = sz;
      pTemp = &aSpace1[iSpace1];
      iSpace1 += sz;
      assert( sz<=pBt->maxLocal+23 );
      assert( iSpace1 <= (int)pBt->pageSize );
      memcpy(pTemp, apDiv[i], sz);
      b.apCell[b.nCell] = pTemp+leafCorrection;
      assert( leafCorrection==0 || leafCorrection==4 );
      b.szCell[b.nCell] = b.szCell[b.nCell] - leafCorrection;
      if( !pOld->leaf ){
        assert( leafCorrection==0 );
        assert( pOld->hdrOffset==0 );
        /* The right pointer of the child page pOld becomes the left
        ** pointer of the divider cell */
        memcpy(b.apCell[b.nCell], &pOld->aData[8], 4);
      }else{
        assert( leafCorrection==4 );
        while( b.szCell[b.nCell]<4 ){
          /* Do not allow any cells smaller than 4 bytes. If a smaller cell
          ** does exist, pad it with 0x00 bytes. */
          assert( b.szCell[b.nCell]==3 || CORRUPT_DB );
          assert( b.apCell[b.nCell]==&aSpace1[iSpace1-3] || CORRUPT_DB );
          aSpace1[iSpace1++] = 0x00;
          b.szCell[b.nCell]++;
        }
      }
      b.nCell++;
    }
  }

  /*
  ** Figure out the number of pages needed to hold all b.nCell cells.
  ** Store this number in "k".  Also compute szNew[] which is the total
  ** size of all cells on the i-th page and cntNew[] which is the index
  ** in b.apCell[] of the cell that divides page i from page i+1.  
  ** cntNew[k] should equal b.nCell.
  **
  ** Values computed by this block:
  **
  **           k: The total number of sibling pages
  **    szNew[i]: Spaced used on the i-th sibling page.
  **   cntNew[i]: Index in b.apCell[] and b.szCell[] for the first cell to
  **              the right of the i-th sibling page.
  ** usableSpace: Number of bytes of space available on each sibling.
  ** 
  */
  usableSpace = pBt->usableSize - 12 + leafCorrection;
  for(i=0; i<nOld; i++){
    MemPage *p = apOld[i];
    szNew[i] = usableSpace - p->nFree;
    if( szNew[i]<0 ){ rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT; goto balance_cleanup; }
    for(j=0; j<p->nOverflow; j++){
      szNew[i] += 2 + p->xCellSize(p, p->apOvfl[j]);
    }
    cntNew[i] = cntOld[i];
  }
  k = nOld;
  for(i=0; i<k; i++){
    int sz;
    while( szNew[i]>usableSpace ){

      if( i+1>=k ){
        k = i+2;
        if( k>NB+2 ){ rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT; goto balance_cleanup; }
        szNew[k-1] = 0;
        cntNew[k-1] = b.nCell;
      }
      sz = 2 + cachedCellSize(&b, cntNew[i]-1);
      szNew[i] -= sz;
      if( !leafData ){
        if( cntNew[i]<b.nCell ){
          sz = 2 + cachedCellSize(&b, cntNew[i]);
        }else{
          sz = 0;
        }
      }
      szNew[i+1] += sz;
      cntNew[i]--;
    }
    while( cntNew[i]<b.nCell ){
      sz = 2 + cachedCellSize(&b, cntNew[i]);
      if( szNew[i]+sz>usableSpace ) break;
      szNew[i] += sz;
      cntNew[i]++;
      if( !leafData ){
        if( cntNew[i]<b.nCell ){
          sz = 2 + cachedCellSize(&b, cntNew[i]);
        }else{
          sz = 0;
        }
      }
      szNew[i+1] -= sz;
    }
    if( cntNew[i]>=b.nCell ){
      k = i+1;
    }else if( cntNew[i] <= (i>0 ? cntNew[i-1] : 0) ){
      rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      goto balance_cleanup;
    }
  }




  /*
  ** The packing computed by the previous block is biased toward the siblings
  ** on the left side (siblings with smaller keys). The left siblings are
  ** always nearly full, while the right-most sibling might be nearly empty.
  ** The next block of code attempts to adjust the packing of siblings to
  ** get a better balance.
................................................................................
    int szRight = szNew[i];  /* Size of sibling on the right */
    int szLeft = szNew[i-1]; /* Size of sibling on the left */
    int r;              /* Index of right-most cell in left sibling */
    int d;              /* Index of first cell to the left of right sibling */

    r = cntNew[i-1] - 1;
    d = r + 1 - leafData;
    (void)cachedCellSize(&b, d);
    do{
      assert( d<nMaxCells );
      assert( r<nMaxCells );
      (void)cachedCellSize(&b, r);
      if( szRight!=0


       && (bBulk || szRight+b.szCell[d]+2 > szLeft-(b.szCell[r]+2)) ){
        break;
      }
      szRight += b.szCell[d] + 2;
      szLeft -= b.szCell[r] + 2;
      cntNew[i-1] = r;



      r--;
      d--;
    }while( r>=0 );
    szNew[i] = szRight;
    szNew[i-1] = szLeft;
    if( cntNew[i-1] <= (i>1 ? cntNew[i-2] : 0) ){
      rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      goto balance_cleanup;
    }
  }

  /* Sanity check:  For a non-corrupt database file one of the follwing
  ** must be true:
  **    (1) We found one or more cells (cntNew[0])>0), or
  **    (2) pPage is a virtual root page.  A virtual root page is when
  **        the real root page is page 1 and we are the only child of
................................................................................
    }else{
      assert( i>0 );
      rc = allocateBtreePage(pBt, &pNew, &pgno, (bBulk ? 1 : pgno), 0);
      if( rc ) goto balance_cleanup;
      zeroPage(pNew, pageFlags);
      apNew[i] = pNew;
      nNew++;
      cntOld[i] = b.nCell;

      /* Set the pointer-map entry for the new sibling page. */
      if( ISAUTOVACUUM ){
        ptrmapPut(pBt, pNew->pgno, PTRMAP_BTREE, pParent->pgno, &rc);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          goto balance_cleanup;
        }
................................................................................
    MemPage *pNew = apNew[0];
    u8 *aOld = pNew->aData;
    int cntOldNext = pNew->nCell + pNew->nOverflow;
    int usableSize = pBt->usableSize;
    int iNew = 0;
    int iOld = 0;

    for(i=0; i<b.nCell; i++){
      u8 *pCell = b.apCell[i];
      if( i==cntOldNext ){
        MemPage *pOld = (++iOld)<nNew ? apNew[iOld] : apOld[iOld];
        cntOldNext += pOld->nCell + pOld->nOverflow + !leafData;
        aOld = pOld->aData;
      }
      if( i==cntNew[iNew] ){
        pNew = apNew[++iNew];
................................................................................
       || pNew->pgno!=aPgno[iOld]
       || pCell<aOld
       || pCell>=&aOld[usableSize]
      ){
        if( !leafCorrection ){
          ptrmapPut(pBt, get4byte(pCell), PTRMAP_BTREE, pNew->pgno, &rc);
        }
        if( cachedCellSize(&b,i)>pNew->minLocal ){
          ptrmapPutOvflPtr(pNew, pCell, &rc);
        }
        if( rc ) goto balance_cleanup;
      }
    }
  }

  /* Insert new divider cells into pParent. */
  for(i=0; i<nNew-1; i++){
    u8 *pCell;
    u8 *pTemp;
    int sz;
    MemPage *pNew = apNew[i];
    j = cntNew[i];

    assert( j<nMaxCells );
    assert( b.apCell[j]!=0 );
    pCell = b.apCell[j];
    sz = b.szCell[j] + leafCorrection;
    pTemp = &aOvflSpace[iOvflSpace];
    if( !pNew->leaf ){
      memcpy(&pNew->aData[8], pCell, 4);
    }else if( leafData ){
      /* If the tree is a leaf-data tree, and the siblings are leaves, 
      ** then there is no divider cell in b.apCell[]. Instead, the divider 
      ** cell consists of the integer key for the right-most cell of 
      ** the sibling-page assembled above only.
      */
      CellInfo info;
      j--;
      pNew->xParseCell(pNew, b.apCell[j], &info);
      pCell = pTemp;
      sz = 4 + putVarint(&pCell[4], info.nKey);
      pTemp = 0;
    }else{
      pCell -= 4;
      /* Obscure case for non-leaf-data trees: If the cell at pCell was
      ** previously stored on a leaf node, and its reported size was 4
................................................................................
      ** any cell). But it is important to pass the correct size to 
      ** insertCell(), so reparse the cell now.
      **
      ** Note that this can never happen in an SQLite data file, as all
      ** cells are at least 4 bytes. It only happens in b-trees used
      ** to evaluate "IN (SELECT ...)" and similar clauses.
      */
      if( b.szCell[j]==4 ){
        assert(leafCorrection==4);
        sz = pParent->xCellSize(pParent, pCell);
      }
    }
    iOvflSpace += sz;
    assert( sz<=pBt->maxLocal+23 );
    assert( iOvflSpace <= (int)pBt->pageSize );
    insertCell(pParent, nxDiv+i, pCell, sz, pTemp, pNew->pgno, &rc);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto balance_cleanup;
................................................................................
      ** only after iPg+1 has already been updated. */
      assert( cntNew[iPg]>=cntOld[iPg] || abDone[iPg+1] );

      if( iPg==0 ){
        iNew = iOld = 0;
        nNewCell = cntNew[0];
      }else{
        iOld = iPg<nOld ? (cntOld[iPg-1] + !leafData) : b.nCell;
        iNew = cntNew[iPg-1] + !leafData;
        nNewCell = cntNew[iPg] - iNew;
      }

      rc = editPage(apNew[iPg], iOld, iNew, nNewCell, &b);
      if( rc ) goto balance_cleanup;
      abDone[iPg]++;
      apNew[iPg]->nFree = usableSpace-szNew[iPg];
      assert( apNew[iPg]->nOverflow==0 );
      assert( apNew[iPg]->nCell==nNewCell );
    }
  }

................................................................................
      u32 key = get4byte(&apNew[i]->aData[8]);
      ptrmapPut(pBt, key, PTRMAP_BTREE, apNew[i]->pgno, &rc);
    }
  }

  assert( pParent->isInit );
  TRACE(("BALANCE: finished: old=%d new=%d cells=%d\n",
          nOld, nNew, b.nCell));

  /* Free any old pages that were not reused as new pages.
  */
  for(i=nNew; i<nOld; i++){
    freePage(apOld[i], &rc);
  }

................................................................................
  }
#endif

  /*
  ** Cleanup before returning.
  */
balance_cleanup:
  sqlite3ScratchFree(b.apCell);
  for(i=0; i<nOld; i++){
    releasePage(apOld[i]);
  }
  for(i=0; i<nNew; i++){
    releasePage(apNew[i]);
  }

................................................................................
          pCur->pgnoRoot, nKey, nData, pPage->pgno,
          loc==0 ? "overwrite" : "new entry"));
  assert( pPage->isInit );
  newCell = pBt->pTmpSpace;
  assert( newCell!=0 );
  rc = fillInCell(pPage, newCell, pKey, nKey, pData, nData, nZero, &szNew);
  if( rc ) goto end_insert;
  assert( szNew==pPage->xCellSize(pPage, newCell) );
  assert( szNew <= MX_CELL_SIZE(pBt) );
  idx = pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage];
  if( loc==0 ){
    u16 szOld;
    assert( idx<pPage->nCell );
    rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPage->pDbPage);
    if( rc ){
................................................................................
    MemPage *pLeaf = pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage];
    int nCell;
    Pgno n = pCur->apPage[iCellDepth+1]->pgno;
    unsigned char *pTmp;

    pCell = findCell(pLeaf, pLeaf->nCell-1);
    if( pCell<&pLeaf->aData[4] ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    nCell = pLeaf->xCellSize(pLeaf, pCell);
    assert( MX_CELL_SIZE(pBt) >= nCell );
    pTmp = pBt->pTmpSpace;
    assert( pTmp!=0 );
    rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pLeaf->pDbPage);
    insertCell(pPage, iCellIdx, pCell-4, nCell+4, pTmp, n, &rc);
    dropCell(pLeaf, pLeaf->nCell-1, nCell, &rc);
    if( rc ) return rc;
................................................................................

    /* Check payload overflow pages
    */
    pCheck->zPfx = "On tree page %d cell %d: ";
    pCheck->v1 = iPage;
    pCheck->v2 = i;
    pCell = findCell(pPage,i);
    pPage->xParseCell(pPage, pCell, &info);
    sz = info.nPayload;
    /* For intKey pages, check that the keys are in order.
    */
    if( pPage->intKey ){
      if( i==0 ){
        nMinKey = nMaxKey = info.nKey;
      }else if( info.nKey <= nMaxKey ){
................................................................................
    cellStart = hdr + 12 - 4*pPage->leaf;
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-02776-14802 The cell pointer array consists of K 2-byte
    ** integer offsets to the cell contents. */
    for(i=0; i<nCell; i++){
      int pc = get2byte(&data[cellStart+i*2]);
      u32 size = 65536;
      if( pc<=usableSize-4 ){
        size = pPage->xCellSize(pPage, &data[pc]);
      }
      if( (int)(pc+size-1)>=usableSize ){
        pCheck->zPfx = 0;
        checkAppendMsg(pCheck,
            "Corruption detected in cell %d on page %d",i,iPage);
      }else{
        btreeHeapInsert(heap, (pc<<16)|(pc+size-1));
................................................................................
}

/* 
** Mark this cursor as an incremental blob cursor.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeIncrblobCursor(BtCursor *pCur){
  pCur->curFlags |= BTCF_Incrblob;
  pCur->pBtree->hasIncrblobCur = 1;
}
#endif

/*
** Set both the "read version" (single byte at byte offset 18) and 
** "write version" (single byte at byte offset 19) fields in the database
** header to iVersion.
................................................................................
** is forced.  In other words, the value is converted into the desired
** affinity even if that results in loss of data.  This routine is
** used (for example) to implement the SQL "cast()" operator.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMemCast(Mem *pMem, u8 aff, u8 encoding){
  if( pMem->flags & MEM_Null ) return;
  switch( aff ){
    case SQLITE_AFF_BLOB: {   /* Really a cast to BLOB */
      if( (pMem->flags & MEM_Blob)==0 ){
        sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(pMem, SQLITE_AFF_TEXT, encoding);
        assert( pMem->flags & MEM_Str || pMem->db->mallocFailed );
        MemSetTypeFlag(pMem, MEM_Blob);
      }else{
        pMem->flags &= ~(MEM_TypeMask&~MEM_Blob);
      }
................................................................................

/*
** Make an shallow copy of pFrom into pTo.  Prior contents of
** pTo are freed.  The pFrom->z field is not duplicated.  If
** pFrom->z is used, then pTo->z points to the same thing as pFrom->z
** and flags gets srcType (either MEM_Ephem or MEM_Static).
*/
static SQLITE_NOINLINE void vdbeClrCopy(Mem *pTo, const Mem *pFrom, int eType){
  vdbeMemClearExternAndSetNull(pTo);
  assert( !VdbeMemDynamic(pTo) );
  sqlite3VdbeMemShallowCopy(pTo, pFrom, eType);
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMemShallowCopy(Mem *pTo, const Mem *pFrom, int srcType){
  assert( (pFrom->flags & MEM_RowSet)==0 );
  assert( pTo->db==pFrom->db );
  if( VdbeMemDynamic(pTo) ){ vdbeClrCopy(pTo,pFrom,srcType); return; }
  memcpy(pTo, pFrom, MEMCELLSIZE);
  if( (pFrom->flags&MEM_Static)==0 ){
    pTo->flags &= ~(MEM_Dyn|MEM_Static|MEM_Ephem);
    assert( srcType==MEM_Ephem || srcType==MEM_Static );
    pTo->flags |= srcType;
  }
}
................................................................................
** pMem->zMalloc space will be allocated if necessary.  The calling routine
** is responsible for making sure that the pMem object is eventually
** destroyed.
**
** If this routine fails for any reason (malloc returns NULL or unable
** to read from the disk) then the pMem is left in an inconsistent state.
*/
static SQLITE_NOINLINE int vdbeMemFromBtreeResize(
  BtCursor *pCur,   /* Cursor pointing at record to retrieve. */
  u32 offset,       /* Offset from the start of data to return bytes from. */
  u32 amt,          /* Number of bytes to return. */
  int key,          /* If true, retrieve from the btree key, not data. */
  Mem *pMem         /* OUT: Return data in this Mem structure. */
){
  int rc;
  pMem->flags = MEM_Null;
  if( SQLITE_OK==(rc = sqlite3VdbeMemClearAndResize(pMem, amt+2)) ){
    if( key ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreeKey(pCur, offset, amt, pMem->z);
    }else{
      rc = sqlite3BtreeData(pCur, offset, amt, pMem->z);
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      pMem->z[amt] = 0;
      pMem->z[amt+1] = 0;
      pMem->flags = MEM_Blob|MEM_Term;
      pMem->n = (int)amt;
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(pMem);
    }
  }
  return rc;
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemFromBtree(
  BtCursor *pCur,   /* Cursor pointing at record to retrieve. */
  u32 offset,       /* Offset from the start of data to return bytes from. */
  u32 amt,          /* Number of bytes to return. */
  int key,          /* If true, retrieve from the btree key, not data. */
  Mem *pMem         /* OUT: Return data in this Mem structure. */
){
................................................................................
  assert( zData!=0 );

  if( offset+amt<=available ){
    pMem->z = &zData[offset];
    pMem->flags = MEM_Blob|MEM_Ephem;
    pMem->n = (int)amt;
  }else{



    rc = vdbeMemFromBtreeResize(pCur, offset, amt, key, pMem);












  }

  return rc;
}

/*
** The pVal argument is known to be a value other than NULL.
................................................................................
    if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) ){
      sqlite3VdbeMemSetInt64(pVal, (i64)pExpr->u.iValue*negInt);
    }else{
      zVal = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s%s", zNeg, pExpr->u.zToken);
      if( zVal==0 ) goto no_mem;
      sqlite3ValueSetStr(pVal, -1, zVal, SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_DYNAMIC);
    }
    if( (op==TK_INTEGER || op==TK_FLOAT ) && affinity==SQLITE_AFF_BLOB ){
      sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(pVal, SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC, SQLITE_UTF8);
    }else{
      sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(pVal, affinity, SQLITE_UTF8);
    }
    if( pVal->flags & (MEM_Int|MEM_Real) ) pVal->flags &= ~MEM_Str;
    if( enc!=SQLITE_UTF8 ){
      rc = sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(pVal, enc);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ValueFree(sqlite3_value *v){
  if( !v ) return;
  sqlite3VdbeMemRelease((Mem *)v);
  sqlite3DbFree(((Mem*)v)->db, v);
}

/*
** The sqlite3ValueBytes() routine returns the number of bytes in the
** sqlite3_value object assuming that it uses the encoding "enc".
** The valueBytes() routine is a helper function.
*/
static SQLITE_NOINLINE int valueBytes(sqlite3_value *pVal, u8 enc){
  return valueToText(pVal, enc)!=0 ? pVal->n : 0;
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ValueBytes(sqlite3_value *pVal, u8 enc){
  Mem *p = (Mem*)pVal;
  assert( (p->flags & MEM_Null)==0 || (p->flags & (MEM_Str|MEM_Blob))==0 );
  if( (p->flags & MEM_Str)!=0 && pVal->enc==enc ){
    return p->n;
  }
  if( (p->flags & MEM_Blob)!=0 ){
    if( p->flags & MEM_Zero ){
      return p->n + p->u.nZero;
    }else{
      return p->n;
    }
  }
  if( p->flags & MEM_Null ) return 0;
  return valueBytes(pVal, enc);
}

/************** End of vdbemem.c *********************************************/
/************** Begin file vdbeaux.c *****************************************/
/*
** 2003 September 6
**
................................................................................
  const char *zP4,    /* The P4 operand */
  int p4type          /* P4 operand type */
){
  int addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(p, op, p1, p2, p3);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(p, addr, zP4, p4type);
  return addr;
}

/*
** Add an opcode that includes the p4 value with a P4_INT64 type.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Dup8(
  Vdbe *p,            /* Add the opcode to this VM */
  int op,             /* The new opcode */
  int p1,             /* The P1 operand */
  int p2,             /* The P2 operand */
  int p3,             /* The P3 operand */
  const u8 *zP4,      /* The P4 operand */
  int p4type          /* P4 operand type */
){
  char *p4copy = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(sqlite3VdbeDb(p), 8);
  if( p4copy ) memcpy(p4copy, zP4, 8);
  return sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(p, op, p1, p2, p3, p4copy, p4type);
}

/*
** Add an OP_ParseSchema opcode.  This routine is broken out from
** sqlite3VdbeAddOp4() since it needs to also needs to mark all btrees
** as having been used.
**
** The zWhere string must have been obtained from sqlite3_malloc().
................................................................................
**
**   *  OP_Halt with P1=SQLITE_CONSTRAINT and P2=OE_Abort.
**   *  OP_HaltIfNull with P1=SQLITE_CONSTRAINT and P2=OE_Abort.
**   *  OP_Destroy
**   *  OP_VUpdate
**   *  OP_VRename
**   *  OP_FkCounter with P2==0 (immediate foreign key constraint)
**   *  OP_CreateTable and OP_InitCoroutine (for CREATE TABLE AS SELECT ...)
**
** Then check that the value of Parse.mayAbort is true if an
** ABORT may be thrown, or false otherwise. Return true if it does
** match, or false otherwise. This function is intended to be used as
** part of an assert statement in the compiler. Similar to:
**
**   assert( sqlite3VdbeAssertMayAbort(pParse->pVdbe, pParse->mayAbort) );
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAssertMayAbort(Vdbe *v, int mayAbort){
  int hasAbort = 0;
  int hasFkCounter = 0;
  int hasCreateTable = 0;
  int hasInitCoroutine = 0;
  Op *pOp;
  VdbeOpIter sIter;
  memset(&sIter, 0, sizeof(sIter));
  sIter.v = v;

  while( (pOp = opIterNext(&sIter))!=0 ){
    int opcode = pOp->opcode;
................................................................................
    if( opcode==OP_Destroy || opcode==OP_VUpdate || opcode==OP_VRename 
     || ((opcode==OP_Halt || opcode==OP_HaltIfNull) 
      && ((pOp->p1&0xff)==SQLITE_CONSTRAINT && pOp->p2==OE_Abort))
    ){
      hasAbort = 1;
      break;
    }
    if( opcode==OP_CreateTable ) hasCreateTable = 1;
    if( opcode==OP_InitCoroutine ) hasInitCoroutine = 1;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
    if( opcode==OP_FkCounter && pOp->p1==0 && pOp->p2==1 ){
      hasFkCounter = 1;
    }
#endif
  }
  sqlite3DbFree(v->db, sIter.apSub);

  /* Return true if hasAbort==mayAbort. Or if a malloc failure occurred.
  ** If malloc failed, then the while() loop above may not have iterated
  ** through all opcodes and hasAbort may be set incorrectly. Return
  ** true for this case to prevent the assert() in the callers frame
  ** from failing.  */
  return ( v->db->mallocFailed || hasAbort==mayAbort || hasFkCounter
              || (hasCreateTable && hasInitCoroutine) );
}
#endif /* SQLITE_DEBUG - the sqlite3AssertMayAbort() function */

/*
** Loop through the program looking for P2 values that are negative
** on jump instructions.  Each such value is a label.  Resolve the
** label by setting the P2 value to its correct non-zero value.
................................................................................
}
#endif

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE) && SQLITE_THREADSAFE>0
/*
** Unlock all of the btrees previously locked by a call to sqlite3VdbeEnter().
*/
static SQLITE_NOINLINE void vdbeLeave(Vdbe *p){
  int i;
  sqlite3 *db;
  Db *aDb;
  int nDb;

  db = p->db;
  aDb = db->aDb;
  nDb = db->nDb;
  for(i=0; i<nDb; i++){
    if( i!=1 && DbMaskTest(p->lockMask,i) && ALWAYS(aDb[i].pBt!=0) ){
      sqlite3BtreeLeave(aDb[i].pBt);
    }
  }
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeLeave(Vdbe *p){
  if( DbMaskAllZero(p->lockMask) ) return;  /* The common case */
  vdbeLeave(p);
}
#endif

#if defined(VDBE_PROFILE) || defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
/*
** Print a single opcode.  This routine is used for debugging only.
*/
................................................................................
**    is not possible.  Note that the integer representation is
**    always preferred, even if the affinity is REAL, because
**    an integer representation is more space efficient on disk.
**
** SQLITE_AFF_TEXT:
**    Convert pRec to a text representation.
**
** SQLITE_AFF_BLOB:
**    No-op.  pRec is unchanged.
*/
static void applyAffinity(
  Mem *pRec,          /* The value to apply affinity to */
  char affinity,      /* The affinity to be applied */
  u8 enc              /* Use this text encoding */
){
................................................................................
  assert( p->explain==0 );
  p->pResultSet = 0;
  db->busyHandler.nBusy = 0;
  if( db->u1.isInterrupted ) goto abort_due_to_interrupt;
  sqlite3VdbeIOTraceSql(p);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_PROGRESS_CALLBACK
  if( db->xProgress ){
    u32 iPrior = p->aCounter[SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_VM_STEP];
    assert( 0 < db->nProgressOps );


    nProgressLimit = db->nProgressOps - (iPrior % db->nProgressOps);



  }
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc();
  if( p->pc==0
   && (p->db->flags & (SQLITE_VdbeListing|SQLITE_VdbeEQP|SQLITE_VdbeTrace))!=0
  ){
................................................................................
** <li value="100"> INTEGER
** <li value="101"> REAL
** </ul>
**
** A NULL value is not changed by this routine.  It remains NULL.
*/
case OP_Cast: {                  /* in1 */
  assert( pOp->p2>=SQLITE_AFF_BLOB && pOp->p2<=SQLITE_AFF_REAL );
  testcase( pOp->p2==SQLITE_AFF_TEXT );
  testcase( pOp->p2==SQLITE_AFF_BLOB );
  testcase( pOp->p2==SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC );
  testcase( pOp->p2==SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER );
  testcase( pOp->p2==SQLITE_AFF_REAL );
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  memAboutToChange(p, pIn1);
  rc = ExpandBlob(pIn1);
  sqlite3VdbeMemCast(pIn1, pOp->p2, encoding);
................................................................................
** P4 may be a string that is P2 characters long.  The nth character of the
** string indicates the column affinity that should be used for the nth
** field of the index key.
**
** The mapping from character to affinity is given by the SQLITE_AFF_
** macros defined in sqliteInt.h.
**
** If P4 is NULL then all index fields have the affinity BLOB.
*/
case OP_MakeRecord: {
  u8 *zNewRecord;        /* A buffer to hold the data for the new record */
  Mem *pRec;             /* The new record */
  u64 nData;             /* Number of bytes of data space */
  int nHdr;              /* Number of bytes of header space */
  i64 nByte;             /* Data space required for this record */
................................................................................
*/
case OP_Close: {
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  sqlite3VdbeFreeCursor(p, p->apCsr[pOp->p1]);
  p->apCsr[pOp->p1] = 0;
  break;
}

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_USED_MASK
/* Opcode: ColumnsUsed P1 * * P4 *
**
** This opcode (which only exists if SQLite was compiled with
** SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_USED_MASK) identifies which columns of the
** table or index for cursor P1 are used.  P4 is a 64-bit integer
** (P4_INT64) in which the first 63 bits are one for each of the
** first 63 columns of the table or index that are actually used
** by the cursor.  The high-order bit is set if any column after
** the 64th is used.
*/
case OP_ColumnsUsed: {
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC->pCursor );
  pC->maskUsed = *(u64*)pOp->p4.pI64;
  break;
}
#endif

/* Opcode: SeekGE P1 P2 P3 P4 *
** Synopsis: key=r[P3@P4]
**
** If cursor P1 refers to an SQL table (B-Tree that uses integer keys), 
** use the value in register P3 as the key.  If cursor P1 refers 
** to an SQL index, then P3 is the first in an array of P4 registers 
................................................................................
        if( ExprHasProperty(pItem->pExpr, EP_Agg) ){
          sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "aggregate functions are not allowed in "
              "the GROUP BY clause");
          return WRC_Abort;
        }
      }
    }

    /* If this is part of a compound SELECT, check that it has the right
    ** number of expressions in the select list. */
    if( p->pNext && p->pEList->nExpr!=p->pNext->pEList->nExpr ){
      sqlite3SelectWrongNumTermsError(pParse, p->pNext);
      return WRC_Abort;
    }

    /* Advance to the next term of the compound
    */
    p = p->pPrior;
    nCompound++;
  }

................................................................................
  if( aff1 && aff2 ){
    /* Both sides of the comparison are columns. If one has numeric
    ** affinity, use that. Otherwise use no affinity.
    */
    if( sqlite3IsNumericAffinity(aff1) || sqlite3IsNumericAffinity(aff2) ){
      return SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC;
    }else{
      return SQLITE_AFF_BLOB;
    }
  }else if( !aff1 && !aff2 ){
    /* Neither side of the comparison is a column.  Compare the
    ** results directly.
    */
    return SQLITE_AFF_BLOB;
  }else{
    /* One side is a column, the other is not. Use the columns affinity. */
    assert( aff1==0 || aff2==0 );
    return (aff1 + aff2);
  }
}

................................................................................
  assert( pExpr->pLeft );
  aff = sqlite3ExprAffinity(pExpr->pLeft);
  if( pExpr->pRight ){
    aff = sqlite3CompareAffinity(pExpr->pRight, aff);
  }else if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
    aff = sqlite3CompareAffinity(pExpr->x.pSelect->pEList->a[0].pExpr, aff);
  }else if( !aff ){
    aff = SQLITE_AFF_BLOB;
  }
  return aff;
}

/*
** pExpr is a comparison expression, eg. '=', '<', IN(...) etc.
** idx_affinity is the affinity of an indexed column. Return true
** if the index with affinity idx_affinity may be used to implement
** the comparison in pExpr.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IndexAffinityOk(Expr *pExpr, char idx_affinity){
  char aff = comparisonAffinity(pExpr);
  switch( aff ){
    case SQLITE_AFF_BLOB:
      return 1;
    case SQLITE_AFF_TEXT:
      return idx_affinity==SQLITE_AFF_TEXT;
    default:
      return sqlite3IsNumericAffinity(idx_affinity);
  }
}
................................................................................
    pNewItem->jointype = pOldItem->jointype;
    pNewItem->iCursor = pOldItem->iCursor;
    pNewItem->addrFillSub = pOldItem->addrFillSub;
    pNewItem->regReturn = pOldItem->regReturn;
    pNewItem->isCorrelated = pOldItem->isCorrelated;
    pNewItem->viaCoroutine = pOldItem->viaCoroutine;
    pNewItem->isRecursive = pOldItem->isRecursive;
    pNewItem->zIndexedBy = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pOldItem->zIndexedBy);
    pNewItem->notIndexed = pOldItem->notIndexed;
    pNewItem->pIndex = pOldItem->pIndex;
    pTab = pNewItem->pTab = pOldItem->pTab;
    if( pTab ){
      pTab->nRef++;
    }
    pNewItem->pSelect = sqlite3SelectDup(db, pOldItem->pSelect, flags);
................................................................................
** Walker.eCode value determines the type of "constant" we are looking
** for.
**
** These callback routines are used to implement the following:
**
**     sqlite3ExprIsConstant()                  pWalker->eCode==1
**     sqlite3ExprIsConstantNotJoin()           pWalker->eCode==2
**     sqlite3ExprIsTableConstant()             pWalker->eCode==3
**     sqlite3ExprIsConstantOrFunction()        pWalker->eCode==4 or 5
**
** In all cases, the callbacks set Walker.eCode=0 and abort if the expression
** is found to not be a constant.
**
** The sqlite3ExprIsConstantOrFunction() is used for evaluating expressions
** in a CREATE TABLE statement.  The Walker.eCode value is 5 when parsing
................................................................................
** an ON or USING clause.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprIsConstantNotJoin(Expr *p){
  return exprIsConst(p, 2, 0);
}

/*
** Walk an expression tree.  Return non-zero if the expression is constant
** for any single row of the table with cursor iCur.  In other words, the
** expression must not refer to any non-deterministic function nor any
** table other than iCur.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprIsTableConstant(Expr *p, int iCur){
  return exprIsConst(p, 3, iCur);
}
................................................................................
** This routine is used to determine if the OP_Affinity operation
** can be omitted.  When in doubt return FALSE.  A false negative
** is harmless.  A false positive, however, can result in the wrong
** answer.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprNeedsNoAffinityChange(const Expr *p, char aff){
  u8 op;
  if( aff==SQLITE_AFF_BLOB ) return 1;
  while( p->op==TK_UPLUS || p->op==TK_UMINUS ){ p = p->pLeft; }
  op = p->op;
  if( op==TK_REGISTER ) op = p->op2;
  switch( op ){
    case TK_INTEGER: {
      return aff==SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER || aff==SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC;
    }
................................................................................
        */
        int i;
        ExprList *pList = pExpr->x.pList;
        struct ExprList_item *pItem;
        int r1, r2, r3;

        if( !affinity ){
          affinity = SQLITE_AFF_BLOB;
        }
        if( pKeyInfo ){
          assert( sqlite3KeyInfoIsWriteable(pKeyInfo) );
          pKeyInfo->aColl[0] = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
        }

        /* Loop through each expression in <exprlist>. */
................................................................................
  }
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r1);
  sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse);
  VdbeComment((v, "end IN expr"));
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY */












#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
/*
** Generate an instruction that will put the floating point
** value described by z[0..n-1] into register iMem.
**
** The z[] string will probably not be zero-terminated.  But the 
** z[n] character is guaranteed to be something that does not look
** like the continuation of the number.
*/
static void codeReal(Vdbe *v, const char *z, int negateFlag, int iMem){
  if( ALWAYS(z!=0) ){
    double value;

    sqlite3AtoF(z, &value, sqlite3Strlen30(z), SQLITE_UTF8);
    assert( !sqlite3IsNaN(value) ); /* The new AtoF never returns NaN */
    if( negateFlag ) value = -value;

    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Dup8(v, OP_Real, 0, iMem, 0, (u8*)&value, P4_REAL);
  }
}
#endif


/*
** Generate an instruction that will put the integer describe by
................................................................................
  }else{
    int c;
    i64 value;
    const char *z = pExpr->u.zToken;
    assert( z!=0 );
    c = sqlite3DecOrHexToI64(z, &value);
    if( c==0 || (c==2 && negFlag) ){

      if( negFlag ){ value = c==2 ? SMALLEST_INT64 : -value; }

      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Dup8(v, OP_Int64, 0, iMem, 0, (u8*)&value, P4_INT64);
    }else{
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "oversized integer: %s%s", negFlag ? "-" : "", z);
#else
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_HEX_INTEGER
      if( sqlite3_strnicmp(z,"0x",2)==0 ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "hex literal too big: %s", z);
................................................................................
      }

      /* The UNLIKELY() function is a no-op.  The result is the value
      ** of the first argument.
      */
      if( pDef->funcFlags & SQLITE_FUNC_UNLIKELY ){
        assert( nFarg>=1 );
        inReg = sqlite3ExprCodeTarget(pParse, pFarg->a[0].pExpr, target);
        break;
      }

      for(i=0; i<nFarg; i++){
        if( i<32 && sqlite3ExprIsConstant(pFarg->a[i].pExpr) ){
          testcase( i==31 );
          constMask |= MASKBIT32(i);
................................................................................
  assert( pExpr->op!=TK_REGISTER );
  sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pExpr, target);
  iMem = ++pParse->nMem;
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Copy, target, iMem);
  exprToRegister(pExpr, iMem);
}







































































































































































































































































/*
** Generate code that pushes the value of every element of the given
** expression list into a sequence of registers beginning at target.
**
** Return the number of elements evaluated.
**
** The SQLITE_ECEL_DUP flag prevents the arguments from being
................................................................................
      }
      break;
    }
  }
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regFree1);
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regFree2);
}

/*
** Like sqlite3ExprIfFalse() except that a copy is made of pExpr before
** code generation, and that copy is deleted after code generation. This
** ensures that the original pExpr is unchanged.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprIfFalseDup(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr, int dest,int jumpIfNull){
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  Expr *pCopy = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pExpr, 0);
  if( db->mallocFailed==0 ){
    sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pCopy, dest, jumpIfNull);
  }
  sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pCopy);
}


/*
** Do a deep comparison of two expression trees.  Return 0 if the two
** expressions are completely identical.  Return 1 if they differ only
** by a COLLATE operator at the top level.  Return 2 if there are differences
** other than the top-level COLLATE operator.
**
................................................................................

  /* Ensure the default expression is something that sqlite3ValueFromExpr()
  ** can handle (i.e. not CURRENT_TIME etc.)
  */
  if( pDflt ){
    sqlite3_value *pVal = 0;
    int rc;
    rc = sqlite3ValueFromExpr(db, pDflt, SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_AFF_BLOB, &pVal);
    assert( rc==SQLITE_OK || rc==SQLITE_NOMEM );
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      db->mallocFailed = 1;
      return;
    }
    if( !pVal ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "Cannot add a column with non-constant default");
................................................................................
  ** indices.  Hence, the record number for the table must be allocated
  ** now.
  */
  if( !db->init.busy && (v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse))!=0 ){
    int j1;
    int fileFormat;
    int reg1, reg2, reg3;
    sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 1, iDb);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
    if( isVirtual ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_VBegin);
    }
#endif

................................................................................
    p->aCol = aNew;
  }
  pCol = &p->aCol[p->nCol];
  memset(pCol, 0, sizeof(p->aCol[0]));
  pCol->zName = z;
 
  /* If there is no type specified, columns have the default affinity
  ** 'BLOB'. If there is a type specified, then sqlite3AddColumnType() will
  ** be called next to set pCol->affinity correctly.
  */
  pCol->affinity = SQLITE_AFF_BLOB;
  pCol->szEst = 1;
  p->nCol++;
}

/*
** This routine is called by the parser while in the middle of
** parsing a CREATE TABLE statement.  A "NOT NULL" constraint has
................................................................................
**
** Substring     | Affinity
** --------------------------------
** 'INT'         | SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER
** 'CHAR'        | SQLITE_AFF_TEXT
** 'CLOB'        | SQLITE_AFF_TEXT
** 'TEXT'        | SQLITE_AFF_TEXT
** 'BLOB'        | SQLITE_AFF_BLOB
** 'REAL'        | SQLITE_AFF_REAL
** 'FLOA'        | SQLITE_AFF_REAL
** 'DOUB'        | SQLITE_AFF_REAL
**
** If none of the substrings in the above table are found,
** SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC is returned.
*/
................................................................................
      zChar = zIn;
    }else if( h==(('c'<<24)+('l'<<16)+('o'<<8)+'b') ){       /* CLOB */
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_TEXT;
    }else if( h==(('t'<<24)+('e'<<16)+('x'<<8)+'t') ){       /* TEXT */
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_TEXT;
    }else if( h==(('b'<<24)+('l'<<16)+('o'<<8)+'b')          /* BLOB */
        && (aff==SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC || aff==SQLITE_AFF_REAL) ){
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_BLOB;
      if( zIn[0]=='(' ) zChar = zIn;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
    }else if( h==(('r'<<24)+('e'<<16)+('a'<<8)+'l')          /* REAL */
        && aff==SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC ){
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_REAL;
    }else if( h==(('f'<<24)+('l'<<16)+('o'<<8)+'a')          /* FLOA */
        && aff==SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC ){
................................................................................
  }
  sqlite3_snprintf(n, zStmt, "CREATE TABLE ");
  k = sqlite3Strlen30(zStmt);
  identPut(zStmt, &k, p->zName);
  zStmt[k++] = '(';
  for(pCol=p->aCol, i=0; i<p->nCol; i++, pCol++){
    static const char * const azType[] = {
        /* SQLITE_AFF_BLOB    */ "",
        /* SQLITE_AFF_TEXT    */ " TEXT",
        /* SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC */ " NUM",
        /* SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER */ " INT",
        /* SQLITE_AFF_REAL    */ " REAL"
    };
    int len;
    const char *zType;

    sqlite3_snprintf(n-k, &zStmt[k], zSep);
    k += sqlite3Strlen30(&zStmt[k]);
    zSep = zSep2;
    identPut(zStmt, &k, pCol->zName);
    assert( pCol->affinity-SQLITE_AFF_BLOB >= 0 );
    assert( pCol->affinity-SQLITE_AFF_BLOB < ArraySize(azType) );
    testcase( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_BLOB );
    testcase( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_TEXT );
    testcase( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC );
    testcase( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER );
    testcase( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_REAL );
    
    zType = azType[pCol->affinity - SQLITE_AFF_BLOB];
    len = sqlite3Strlen30(zType);
    assert( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_BLOB 
            || pCol->affinity==sqlite3AffinityType(zType, 0) );
    memcpy(&zStmt[k], zType, len);
    k += len;
    assert( k<=n );
  }
  sqlite3_snprintf(n-k, &zStmt[k], "%s", zEnd);
  return zStmt;
................................................................................
      int addrInsLoop;    /* Top of the loop for inserting rows */
      Table *pSelTab;     /* A table that describes the SELECT results */

      regYield = ++pParse->nMem;
      regRec = ++pParse->nMem;
      regRowid = ++pParse->nMem;
      assert(pParse->nTab==1);
      sqlite3MayAbort(pParse);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenWrite, 1, pParse->regRoot, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_P2ISREG);
      pParse->nTab = 2;
      addrTop = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v) + 1;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_InitCoroutine, regYield, 0, addrTop);
      sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, SRT_Coroutine, regYield);
      sqlite3Select(pParse, pSelect, &dest);
................................................................................
  int i;
  struct SrcList_item *pItem;
  if( pList==0 ) return;
  for(pItem=pList->a, i=0; i<pList->nSrc; i++, pItem++){
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pItem->zDatabase);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pItem->zName);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pItem->zAlias);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pItem->zIndexedBy);
    sqlite3DeleteTable(db, pItem->pTab);
    sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pItem->pSelect);
    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pItem->pOn);
    sqlite3IdListDelete(db, pItem->pUsing);
  }
  sqlite3DbFree(db, pList);
}
................................................................................
** Add an INDEXED BY or NOT INDEXED clause to the most recently added 
** element of the source-list passed as the second argument.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SrcListIndexedBy(Parse *pParse, SrcList *p, Token *pIndexedBy){
  assert( pIndexedBy!=0 );
  if( p && ALWAYS(p->nSrc>0) ){
    struct SrcList_item *pItem = &p->a[p->nSrc-1];
    assert( pItem->notIndexed==0 && pItem->zIndexedBy==0 );
    if( pIndexedBy->n==1 && !pIndexedBy->z ){
      /* A "NOT INDEXED" clause was supplied. See parse.y 
      ** construct "indexed_opt" for details. */
      pItem->notIndexed = 1;
    }else{
      pItem->zIndexedBy = sqlite3NameFromToken(pParse->db, pIndexedBy);
    }
  }
}

/*
** When building up a FROM clause in the parser, the join operator
** is initially attached to the left operand.  But the code generator
................................................................................
  int nCol;

  if( piPartIdxLabel ){
    if( pIdx->pPartIdxWhere ){
      *piPartIdxLabel = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      pParse->iPartIdxTab = iDataCur;
      sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);
      sqlite3ExprIfFalseDup(pParse, pIdx->pPartIdxWhere, *piPartIdxLabel, 
                            SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
    }else{
      *piPartIdxLabel = 0;
    }
  }
  nCol = (prefixOnly && pIdx->uniqNotNull) ? pIdx->nKeyCol : pIdx->nColumn;
  regBase = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nCol);
  if( pPrior && (regBase!=regPrior || pPrior->pPartIdxWhere) ) pPrior = 0;
................................................................................
  u8 matchOne;
  u8 matchSet;
  u8 noCase;
};

/*
** For LIKE and GLOB matching on EBCDIC machines, assume that every
** character is exactly one byte in size.  Also, provde the Utf8Read()
** macro for fast reading of the next character in the common case where
** the next character is ASCII.
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_EBCDIC)
# define sqlite3Utf8Read(A)        (*((*A)++))
# define Utf8Read(A)               (*(A++))

#else


# define Utf8Read(A)               (A[0]<0x80?*(A++):sqlite3Utf8Read(&A))
#endif

static const struct compareInfo globInfo = { '*', '?', '[', 0 };
/* The correct SQL-92 behavior is for the LIKE operator to ignore
** case.  Thus  'a' LIKE 'A' would be true. */
static const struct compareInfo likeInfoNorm = { '%', '_',   0, 1 };
/* If SQLITE_CASE_SENSITIVE_LIKE is defined, then the LIKE operator
................................................................................
**      '%'       Matches any sequence of zero or more characters
**
***     '_'       Matches any one character
**
**      Ec        Where E is the "esc" character and c is any other
**                character, including '%', '_', and esc, match exactly c.
**
** The comments within this routine usually assume glob matching.
**
** This routine is usually quick, but can be N**2 in the worst case.
*/
static int patternCompare(
  const u8 *zPattern,              /* The glob pattern */
  const u8 *zString,               /* The string to compare against the glob */
  const struct compareInfo *pInfo, /* Information about how to do the compare */
................................................................................
  /* The GLOB operator does not have an ESCAPE clause.  And LIKE does not
  ** have the matchSet operator.  So we either have to look for one or
  ** the other, never both.  Hence the single variable matchOther is used
  ** to store the one we have to look for.
  */
  matchOther = esc ? esc : pInfo->matchSet;

  while( (c = Utf8Read(zPattern))!=0 ){
    if( c==matchAll ){  /* Match "*" */
      /* Skip over multiple "*" characters in the pattern.  If there
      ** are also "?" characters, skip those as well, but consume a
      ** single character of the input string for each "?" skipped */

      while( (c=Utf8Read(zPattern)) == matchAll || c == matchOne ){
        if( c==matchOne && sqlite3Utf8Read(&zString)==0 ){
          return 0;
        }
      }
      if( c==0 ){
        return 1;   /* "*" at the end of the pattern matches */
      }else if( c==matchOther ){
................................................................................
          cx = c;
        }
        while( (c2 = *(zString++))!=0 ){
          if( c2!=c && c2!=cx ) continue;
          if( patternCompare(zPattern,zString,pInfo,esc) ) return 1;
        }
      }else{
        while( (c2 = Utf8Read(zString))!=0 ){
          if( c2!=c ) continue;
          if( patternCompare(zPattern,zString,pInfo,esc) ) return 1;
        }
      }
      return 0;
    }
    if( c==matchOther ){
................................................................................
        }
        if( c2==0 || (seen ^ invert)==0 ){
          return 0;
        }
        continue;
      }
    }
    c2 = Utf8Read(zString);
    if( c==c2 ) continue;
    if( noCase && c<0x80 && c2<0x80 && sqlite3Tolower(c)==sqlite3Tolower(c2) ){
      continue;
    }
    if( c==matchOne && zPattern!=zEscaped && c2!=0 ) continue;
    return 0;
  }
................................................................................
/*
** Return a pointer to the column affinity string associated with index
** pIdx. A column affinity string has one character for each column in 
** the table, according to the affinity of the column:
**
**  Character      Column affinity
**  ------------------------------
**  'A'            BLOB
**  'B'            TEXT
**  'C'            NUMERIC
**  'D'            INTEGER
**  'F'            REAL
**
** An extra 'D' is appended to the end of the string to cover the
** rowid that appears as the last column in every index.
................................................................................
  }
 
  return pIdx->zColAff;
}

/*
** Compute the affinity string for table pTab, if it has not already been
** computed.  As an optimization, omit trailing SQLITE_AFF_BLOB affinities.
**
** If the affinity exists (if it is no entirely SQLITE_AFF_BLOB values) and
** if iReg>0 then code an OP_Affinity opcode that will set the affinities
** for register iReg and following.  Or if affinities exists and iReg==0,
** then just set the P4 operand of the previous opcode (which should  be
** an OP_MakeRecord) to the affinity string.
**
** A column affinity string has one character per column:
**
**  Character      Column affinity
**  ------------------------------
**  'A'            BLOB
**  'B'            TEXT
**  'C'            NUMERIC
**  'D'            INTEGER
**  'E'            REAL
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3TableAffinity(Vdbe *v, Table *pTab, int iReg){
  int i;
................................................................................
    }

    for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
      zColAff[i] = pTab->aCol[i].affinity;
    }
    do{
      zColAff[i--] = 0;
    }while( i>=0 && zColAff[i]==SQLITE_AFF_BLOB );
    pTab->zColAff = zColAff;
  }
  i = sqlite3Strlen30(zColAff);
  if( i ){
    if( iReg ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Affinity, iReg, i, 0, zColAff, i);
    }else{
................................................................................
    iThisCur = iIdxCur+ix;
    addrUniqueOk = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);

    /* Skip partial indices for which the WHERE clause is not true */
    if( pIdx->pPartIdxWhere ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, aRegIdx[ix]);
      pParse->ckBase = regNewData+1;
      sqlite3ExprIfFalseDup(pParse, pIdx->pPartIdxWhere, addrUniqueOk,
                            SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
      pParse->ckBase = 0;
    }

    /* Create a record for this index entry as it should appear after
    ** the insert or update.  Store that record in the aRegIdx[ix] register
    */
    regIdx = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, pIdx->nColumn);
................................................................................
  void *(*realloc64)(void*,sqlite3_uint64);
  void (*reset_auto_extension)(void);
  void (*result_blob64)(sqlite3_context*,const void*,sqlite3_uint64,
                        void(*)(void*));
  void (*result_text64)(sqlite3_context*,const char*,sqlite3_uint64,
                         void(*)(void*), unsigned char);
  int (*strglob)(const char*,const char*);
  /* Version 3.8.11 and later */
  sqlite3_value *(*value_dup)(const sqlite3_value*);
  void (*value_free)(sqlite3_value*);
};

/*
** The following macros redefine the API routines so that they are
** redirected through the global sqlite3_api structure.
**
................................................................................
  sqlite3_load_extension,
  sqlite3_malloc64,
  sqlite3_msize,
  sqlite3_realloc64,
  sqlite3_reset_auto_extension,
  sqlite3_result_blob64,
  sqlite3_result_text64,
  sqlite3_strglob,
  /* Version 3.8.11 and later */
  (sqlite3_value*(*)(const sqlite3_value*))sqlite3_value_dup,
  sqlite3_value_free
};

/*
** Attempt to load an SQLite extension library contained in the file
** zFile.  The entry point is zProc.  zProc may be 0 in which case a
** default entry point name (sqlite3_extension_init) is used.  Use
** of the default name is recommended.
................................................................................
/*
** Trace output macros
*/
#if SELECTTRACE_ENABLED
/***/ int sqlite3SelectTrace = 0;
# define SELECTTRACE(K,P,S,X)  \
  if(sqlite3SelectTrace&(K))   \
    sqlite3DebugPrintf("%*s%s.%p: ",(P)->nSelectIndent*2-2,"",\
        (S)->zSelName,(S)),\
    sqlite3DebugPrintf X
#else
# define SELECTTRACE(K,P,S,X)
#endif


/*
................................................................................
*/
static void setJoinExpr(Expr *p, int iTable){
  while( p ){
    ExprSetProperty(p, EP_FromJoin);
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(p, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );
    ExprSetVVAProperty(p, EP_NoReduce);
    p->iRightJoinTable = (i16)iTable;
    if( p->op==TK_FUNCTION && p->x.pList ){
      int i;
      for(i=0; i<p->x.pList->nExpr; i++){
        setJoinExpr(p->x.pList->a[i].pExpr, iTable);
      }
    }
    setJoinExpr(p->pLeft, iTable);
    p = p->pRight;
  } 
}

/*
** This routine processes the join information for a SELECT statement.
................................................................................
      case WHERE_DISTINCT_UNIQUE: {
        sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(v, pDistinct->addrTnct);
        break;
      }

      default: {
        assert( pDistinct->eTnctType==WHERE_DISTINCT_UNORDERED );
        codeDistinct(pParse, pDistinct->tabTnct, iContinue, nResultCol,
                     regResult);
        break;
      }
    }
    if( pSort==0 ){
      codeOffset(v, p->iOffset, iContinue);
    }
  }
................................................................................
      if( eDest==SRT_DistFifo ){
        /* If the destination is DistFifo, then cursor (iParm+1) is open
        ** on an ephemeral index. If the current row is already present
        ** in the index, do not write it to the output. If not, add the
        ** current row to the index and proceed with writing it to the
        ** output table as well.  */
        int addr = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v) + 4;
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_Found, iParm+1, addr, r1, 0);
        VdbeCoverage(v);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxInsert, iParm+1, r1);
        assert( pSort==0 );
      }
#endif
      if( pSort ){
        pushOntoSorter(pParse, pSort, p, r1+nPrefixReg, 1, nPrefixReg);
      }else{
................................................................................
** The declaration type for any expression other than a column is NULL.
**
** This routine has either 3 or 6 parameters depending on whether or not
** the SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA compile-time option is used.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA
# define columnType(A,B,C,D,E,F) columnTypeImpl(A,B,C,D,E,F)
#else /* if !defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA) */
# define columnType(A,B,C,D,E,F) columnTypeImpl(A,B,F)
#endif
static const char *columnTypeImpl(
  NameContext *pNC, 
  Expr *pExpr,
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA
  const char **pzOrigDb,
  const char **pzOrigTab,
  const char **pzOrigCol,
#endif
  u8 *pEstWidth
){
  char const *zType = 0;
  int j;
  u8 estWidth = 1;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA
  char const *zOrigDb = 0;
  char const *zOrigTab = 0;
  char const *zOrigCol = 0;
#endif











  if( NEVER(pExpr==0) || pNC->pSrcList==0 ) return 0;
  switch( pExpr->op ){
    case TK_AGG_COLUMN:
    case TK_COLUMN: {
      /* The expression is a column. Locate the table the column is being
      ** extracted from in NameContext.pSrcList. This table may be real
................................................................................

      assert( pTab && pExpr->pTab==pTab );
      if( pS ){
        /* The "table" is actually a sub-select or a view in the FROM clause
        ** of the SELECT statement. Return the declaration type and origin
        ** data for the result-set column of the sub-select.
        */
        if( iCol>=0 && ALWAYS(iCol<pS->pEList->nExpr) ){
          /* If iCol is less than zero, then the expression requests the
          ** rowid of the sub-select or view. This expression is legal (see 
          ** test case misc2.2.2) - it always evaluates to NULL.
          **
          ** The ALWAYS() is because iCol>=pS->pEList->nExpr will have been
          ** caught already by name resolution.
          */
          NameContext sNC;
          Expr *p = pS->pEList->a[iCol].pExpr;
          sNC.pSrcList = pS->pSrc;
          sNC.pNext = pNC;
          sNC.pParse = pNC->pParse;
          zType = columnType(&sNC, p,&zOrigDb,&zOrigTab,&zOrigCol, &estWidth); 
................................................................................
  if( db->mallocFailed ) return;
  memset(&sNC, 0, sizeof(sNC));
  sNC.pSrcList = pSelect->pSrc;
  a = pSelect->pEList->a;
  for(i=0, pCol=pTab->aCol; i<pTab->nCol; i++, pCol++){
    p = a[i].pExpr;
    if( pCol->zType==0 ){
      pCol->zType = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, 
                        columnType(&sNC, p,0,0,0, &pCol->szEst));
    }
    szAll += pCol->szEst;
    pCol->affinity = sqlite3ExprAffinity(p);
    if( pCol->affinity==0 ) pCol->affinity = SQLITE_AFF_BLOB;
    pColl = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, p);
    if( pColl && pCol->zColl==0 ){
      pCol->zColl = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pColl->zName);
    }
  }
  pTab->szTabRow = sqlite3LogEst(szAll*4);
}
................................................................................
  CollSeq *pRet;
  if( p->pPrior ){
    pRet = multiSelectCollSeq(pParse, p->pPrior, iCol);
  }else{
    pRet = 0;
  }
  assert( iCol>=0 );
  /* iCol must be less than p->pEList->nExpr.  Otherwise an error would
  ** have been thrown during name resolution and we would not have gotten
  ** this far */
  if( pRet==0 && ALWAYS(iCol<p->pEList->nExpr) ){
    pRet = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, p->pEList->a[iCol].pExpr);
  }
  return pRet;
}

/*
** The select statement passed as the second parameter is a compound SELECT
................................................................................
  SelectDest *pDest     /* What to do with query results */
);

/*
** Error message for when two or more terms of a compound select have different
** size result sets.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SelectWrongNumTermsError(Parse *pParse, Select *p){
  if( p->selFlags & SF_Values ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "all VALUES must have the same number of terms");
  }else{
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "SELECTs to the left and right of %s"
      " do not have the same number of result columns", selectOpName(p->op));
  }
}
................................................................................
*/
static int multiSelectValues(
  Parse *pParse,        /* Parsing context */
  Select *p,            /* The right-most of SELECTs to be coded */
  SelectDest *pDest     /* What to do with query results */
){
  Select *pPrior;

  int nRow = 1;
  int rc = 0;
  assert( p->selFlags & SF_MultiValue );
  do{
    assert( p->selFlags & SF_Values );
    assert( p->op==TK_ALL || (p->op==TK_SELECT && p->pPrior==0) );
    assert( p->pLimit==0 );
    assert( p->pOffset==0 );
    assert( p->pNext==0 || p->pEList->nExpr==p->pNext->pEList->nExpr );



    if( p->pPrior==0 ) break;
    assert( p->pPrior->pNext==p );
    p = p->pPrior;
    nRow++;
  }while(1);
  while( p ){
    pPrior = p->pPrior;
................................................................................
    goto multi_select_end;
  }

  /* Make sure all SELECTs in the statement have the same number of elements
  ** in their result sets.
  */
  assert( p->pEList && pPrior->pEList );
  assert( p->pEList->nExpr==pPrior->pEList->nExpr );





#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CTE
  if( p->selFlags & SF_Recursive ){
    generateWithRecursiveQuery(pParse, p, &dest);
  }else
#endif

................................................................................
  ** collation.
  */
  aPermute = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, sizeof(int)*nOrderBy);
  if( aPermute ){
    struct ExprList_item *pItem;
    for(i=0, pItem=pOrderBy->a; i<nOrderBy; i++, pItem++){
      assert( pItem->u.x.iOrderByCol>0 );
      assert( pItem->u.x.iOrderByCol<=p->pEList->nExpr );


      aPermute[i] = pItem->u.x.iOrderByCol - 1;
    }
    pKeyMerge = multiSelectOrderByKeyInfo(pParse, p, 1);
  }else{
    pKeyMerge = 0;
  }

................................................................................
**   (8)  The subquery does not use LIMIT or the outer query is not a join.
**
**   (9)  The subquery does not use LIMIT or the outer query does not use
**        aggregates.
**
**  (**)  Restriction (10) was removed from the code on 2005-02-05 but we
**        accidently carried the comment forward until 2014-09-15.  Original
**        text: "The subquery does not use aggregates or the outer query 
**        does not use LIMIT."
**
**  (11)  The subquery and the outer query do not both have ORDER BY clauses.
**
**  (**)  Not implemented.  Subsumed into restriction (3).  Was previously
**        a separate restriction deriving from ticket #350.
**
**  (13)  The subquery and outer query do not both use LIMIT.
................................................................................
    if( isAgg || (p->selFlags & SF_Distinct)!=0 || pSrc->nSrc!=1 ){
      return 0;
    }
    for(pSub1=pSub; pSub1; pSub1=pSub1->pPrior){
      testcase( (pSub1->selFlags & (SF_Distinct|SF_Aggregate))==SF_Distinct );
      testcase( (pSub1->selFlags & (SF_Distinct|SF_Aggregate))==SF_Aggregate );
      assert( pSub->pSrc!=0 );
      assert( pSub->pEList->nExpr==pSub1->pEList->nExpr );
      if( (pSub1->selFlags & (SF_Distinct|SF_Aggregate))!=0
       || (pSub1->pPrior && pSub1->op!=TK_ALL) 
       || pSub1->pSrc->nSrc<1

      ){
        return 0;
      }
      testcase( pSub1->pSrc->nSrc>1 );
    }

    /* Restriction 18. */
................................................................................
  /* Finially, delete what is left of the subquery and return
  ** success.
  */
  sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pSub1);

#if SELECTTRACE_ENABLED
  if( sqlite3SelectTrace & 0x100 ){
    SELECTTRACE(0x100,pParse,p,("After flattening:\n"));
    sqlite3TreeViewSelect(0, p, 0);
  }
#endif

  return 1;
}
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) */



#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW)
/*
** Make copies of relevant WHERE clause terms of the outer query into
** the WHERE clause of subquery.  Example:
**
**    SELECT * FROM (SELECT a AS x, c-d AS y FROM t1) WHERE x=5 AND y=10;
**
** Transformed into:
**
**    SELECT * FROM (SELECT a AS x, c-d AS y FROM t1 WHERE a=5 AND c-d=10)
**     WHERE x=5 AND y=10;
**
** The hope is that the terms added to the inner query will make it more
** efficient.
**
** Do not attempt this optimization if:
**
**   (1) The inner query is an aggregate.  (In that case, we'd really want
**       to copy the outer WHERE-clause terms onto the HAVING clause of the
**       inner query.  But they probably won't help there so do not bother.)
**
**   (2) The inner query is the recursive part of a common table expression.
**
**   (3) The inner query has a LIMIT clause (since the changes to the WHERE
**       close would change the meaning of the LIMIT).
**
**   (4) The inner query is the right operand of a LEFT JOIN.  (The caller
**       enforces this restriction since this routine does not have enough
**       information to know.)
**
** Return 0 if no changes are made and non-zero if one or more WHERE clause
** terms are duplicated into the subquery.
*/
static int pushDownWhereTerms(
  sqlite3 *db,          /* The database connection (for malloc()) */
  Select *pSubq,        /* The subquery whose WHERE clause is to be augmented */
  Expr *pWhere,         /* The WHERE clause of the outer query */
  int iCursor           /* Cursor number of the subquery */
){
  Expr *pNew;
  int nChng = 0;
  if( pWhere==0 ) return 0;
  if( (pSubq->selFlags & (SF_Aggregate|SF_Recursive))!=0 ){
     return 0; /* restrictions (1) and (2) */
  }
  if( pSubq->pLimit!=0 ){
     return 0; /* restriction (3) */
  }
  while( pWhere->op==TK_AND ){
    nChng += pushDownWhereTerms(db, pSubq, pWhere->pRight, iCursor);
    pWhere = pWhere->pLeft;
  }
  if( sqlite3ExprIsTableConstant(pWhere, iCursor) ){
    nChng++;
    while( pSubq ){
      pNew = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pWhere, 0);
      pNew = substExpr(db, pNew, iCursor, pSubq->pEList);
      pSubq->pWhere = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pSubq->pWhere, pNew);
      pSubq = pSubq->pPrior;
    }
  }
  return nChng;
}
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) */

/*
** Based on the contents of the AggInfo structure indicated by the first
** argument, this function checks if the following are true:
**
................................................................................
** If the source-list item passed as an argument was augmented with an
** INDEXED BY clause, then try to locate the specified index. If there
** was such a clause and the named index cannot be found, return 
** SQLITE_ERROR and leave an error in pParse. Otherwise, populate 
** pFrom->pIndex and return SQLITE_OK.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IndexedByLookup(Parse *pParse, struct SrcList_item *pFrom){
  if( pFrom->pTab && pFrom->zIndexedBy ){
    Table *pTab = pFrom->pTab;
    char *zIndexedBy = pFrom->zIndexedBy;
    Index *pIdx;
    for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; 
        pIdx && sqlite3StrICmp(pIdx->zName, zIndexedBy); 
        pIdx=pIdx->pNext
    );
    if( !pIdx ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "no such index: %s", zIndexedBy, 0);
      pParse->checkSchema = 1;
      return SQLITE_ERROR;
    }
    pFrom->pIndex = pIdx;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
................................................................................
    p->pOrderBy = 0;
    p->selFlags &= ~SF_Distinct;
  }
  sqlite3SelectPrep(pParse, p, 0);
  memset(&sSort, 0, sizeof(sSort));
  sSort.pOrderBy = p->pOrderBy;
  pTabList = p->pSrc;

  if( pParse->nErr || db->mallocFailed ){
    goto select_end;
  }
  assert( p->pEList!=0 );
  isAgg = (p->selFlags & SF_Aggregate)!=0;

#if SELECTTRACE_ENABLED
  if( sqlite3SelectTrace & 0x100 ){
    SELECTTRACE(0x100,pParse,p, ("after name resolution:\n"));
    sqlite3TreeViewSelect(0, p, 0);
  }
#endif







  /* If writing to memory or generating a set
  ** only a single column may be output.
  */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
  if( checkForMultiColumnSelectError(pParse, pDest, p->pEList->nExpr) ){
    goto select_end;
  }
#endif

  /* Try to flatten subqueries in the FROM clause up into the main query
  */
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW)
  for(i=0; !p->pPrior && i<pTabList->nSrc; i++){
    struct SrcList_item *pItem = &pTabList->a[i];
    Select *pSub = pItem->pSelect;
    int isAggSub;
    if( pSub==0 ) continue;
    isAggSub = (pSub->selFlags & SF_Aggregate)!=0;
    if( flattenSubquery(pParse, p, i, isAgg, isAggSub) ){
      /* This subquery can be absorbed into its parent. */
      if( isAggSub ){
        isAgg = 1;
        p->selFlags |= SF_Aggregate;
      }
      i = -1;
    }
    pTabList = p->pSrc;
    if( db->mallocFailed ) goto select_end;
    if( !IgnorableOrderby(pDest) ){
      sSort.pOrderBy = p->pOrderBy;
    }
  }
#endif

  /* Get a pointer the VDBE under construction, allocating a new VDBE if one
  ** does not already exist */
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v==0 ) goto select_end;

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT
  /* Handle compound SELECT statements using the separate multiSelect()
  ** procedure.
  */
  if( p->pPrior ){
    rc = multiSelect(pParse, p, pDest);
    explainSetInteger(pParse->iSelectId, iRestoreSelectId);
#if SELECTTRACE_ENABLED
    SELECTTRACE(1,pParse,p,("end compound-select processing\n"));
    pParse->nSelectIndent--;
#endif
    return rc;
  }
#endif

  /* Generate code for all sub-queries in the FROM clause
  */
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW)
  for(i=0; i<pTabList->nSrc; i++){
    struct SrcList_item *pItem = &pTabList->a[i];
    SelectDest dest;
    Select *pSub = pItem->pSelect;


    if( pSub==0 ) continue;

    /* Sometimes the code for a subquery will be generated more than
    ** once, if the subquery is part of the WHERE clause in a LEFT JOIN,
    ** for example.  In that case, do not regenerate the code to manifest
    ** a view or the co-routine to implement a view.  The first instance
    ** is sufficient, though the subroutine to manifest the view does need
................................................................................
    ** may contain expression trees of at most
    ** (SQLITE_MAX_EXPR_DEPTH-Parse.nHeight) height. This is a bit
    ** more conservative than necessary, but much easier than enforcing
    ** an exact limit.
    */
    pParse->nHeight += sqlite3SelectExprHeight(p);

    /* Make copies of constant WHERE-clause terms in the outer query down
    ** inside the subquery.  This can help the subquery to run more efficiently.
    */
    if( (pItem->jointype & JT_OUTER)==0
     && pushDownWhereTerms(db, pSub, p->pWhere, pItem->iCursor)

    ){
#if SELECTTRACE_ENABLED
      if( sqlite3SelectTrace & 0x100 ){
        SELECTTRACE(0x100,pParse,p,("After WHERE-clause push-down:\n"));
        sqlite3TreeViewSelect(0, p, 0);
      }

#endif
    }

    /* Generate code to implement the subquery
    */
    if( pTabList->nSrc==1
     && (p->selFlags & SF_All)==0
     && OptimizationEnabled(db, SQLITE_SubqCoroutine)
    ){
      /* Implement a co-routine that will return a single row of the result
      ** set on each invocation.
      */
      int addrTop = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)+1;
      pItem->regReturn = ++pParse->nMem;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_InitCoroutine, pItem->regReturn, 0, addrTop);
................................................................................
      pItem->pTab->nRowLogEst = sqlite3LogEst(pSub->nSelectRow);
      if( onceAddr ) sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, onceAddr);
      retAddr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Return, pItem->regReturn);
      VdbeComment((v, "end %s", pItem->pTab->zName));
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, topAddr, retAddr);
      sqlite3ClearTempRegCache(pParse);
    }

    if( db->mallocFailed ) goto select_end;

    pParse->nHeight -= sqlite3SelectExprHeight(p);



  }
#endif

  /* Various elements of the SELECT copied into local variables for
  ** convenience */
  pEList = p->pEList;

  pWhere = p->pWhere;
  pGroupBy = p->pGroupBy;
  pHaving = p->pHaving;
  sDistinct.isTnct = (p->selFlags & SF_Distinct)!=0;







#if SELECTTRACE_ENABLED




  if( sqlite3SelectTrace & 0x400 ){
    SELECTTRACE(0x400,pParse,p,("After all FROM-clause analysis:\n"));
    sqlite3TreeViewSelect(0, p, 0);
  }
#endif

  /* If the query is DISTINCT with an ORDER BY but is not an aggregate, and 
  ** if the select-list is the same as the ORDER BY list, then this query
  ** can be rewritten as a GROUP BY. In other words, this:
  **
................................................................................
  **
  ** The second form is preferred as a single index (or temp-table) may be 
  ** used for both the ORDER BY and DISTINCT processing. As originally 
  ** written the query must use a temp-table for at least one of the ORDER 
  ** BY and DISTINCT, and an index or separate temp-table for the other.
  */
  if( (p->selFlags & (SF_Distinct|SF_Aggregate))==SF_Distinct 
   && sqlite3ExprListCompare(sSort.pOrderBy, pEList, -1)==0
  ){
    p->selFlags &= ~SF_Distinct;
    pGroupBy = p->pGroupBy = sqlite3ExprListDup(db, pEList, 0);

    /* Notice that even thought SF_Distinct has been cleared from p->selFlags,
    ** the sDistinct.isTnct is still set.  Hence, isTnct represents the
    ** original setting of the SF_Distinct flag, not the current setting */
    assert( sDistinct.isTnct );
  }

  /* If there is an ORDER BY clause, then create an ephemeral index to
  ** do the sorting.  But this sorting ephemeral index might end up
  ** being unused if the data can be extracted in pre-sorted order.
  ** If that is the case, then the OP_OpenEphemeral instruction will be
  ** changed to an OP_Noop once we figure out that the sorting index is
  ** not needed.  The sSort.addrSortIndex variable is used to facilitate
  ** that change.
  */
  if( sSort.pOrderBy ){
    KeyInfo *pKeyInfo;
    pKeyInfo = keyInfoFromExprList(pParse, sSort.pOrderBy, 0, pEList->nExpr);
    sSort.iECursor = pParse->nTab++;
    sSort.addrSortIndex =
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_OpenEphemeral,
................................................................................
  p->nSelectRow = LARGEST_INT64;
  computeLimitRegisters(pParse, p, iEnd);
  if( p->iLimit==0 && sSort.addrSortIndex>=0 ){
    sqlite3VdbeGetOp(v, sSort.addrSortIndex)->opcode = OP_SorterOpen;
    sSort.sortFlags |= SORTFLAG_UseSorter;
  }

  /* Open an ephemeral index to use for the distinct set.
  */
  if( p->selFlags & SF_Distinct ){
    sDistinct.tabTnct = pParse->nTab++;
    sDistinct.addrTnct = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_OpenEphemeral,
                             sDistinct.tabTnct, 0, 0,
                             (char*)keyInfoFromExprList(pParse, p->pEList,0,0),
                             P4_KEYINFO);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, BTREE_UNORDERED);
    sDistinct.eTnctType = WHERE_DISTINCT_UNORDERED;
  }else{
    sDistinct.eTnctType = WHERE_DISTINCT_NOOP;
  }

  if( !isAgg && pGroupBy==0 ){
................................................................................
        pItem->u.x.iAlias = 0;
      }
      if( p->nSelectRow>100 ) p->nSelectRow = 100;
    }else{
      p->nSelectRow = 1;
    }


    /* If there is both a GROUP BY and an ORDER BY clause and they are
    ** identical, then it may be possible to disable the ORDER BY clause 
    ** on the grounds that the GROUP BY will cause elements to come out 
    ** in the correct order. It also may not - the GROUP BY might use a
    ** database index that causes rows to be grouped together as required
    ** but not actually sorted. Either way, record the fact that the
    ** ORDER BY and GROUP BY clauses are the same by setting the orderByGrp
    ** variable.  */
    if( sqlite3ExprListCompare(pGroupBy, sSort.pOrderBy, -1)==0 ){
      orderByGrp = 1;
    }
................................................................................
      ** (b0 is memory location iBMem+0, b1 is iBMem+1, and so forth)
      ** Then compare the current GROUP BY terms against the GROUP BY terms
      ** from the previous row currently stored in a0, a1, a2...
      */
      addrTopOfLoop = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
      sqlite3ExprCacheClear(pParse);
      if( groupBySort ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_SorterData, sAggInfo.sortingIdx,
                          sortOut, sortPTab);
      }
      for(j=0; j<pGroupBy->nExpr; j++){
        if( groupBySort ){
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, sortPTab, j, iBMem+j);
        }else{
          sAggInfo.directMode = 1;
          sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pGroupBy->a[j].pExpr, iBMem+j);
................................................................................
      */
      addrSetAbort = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 1, iAbortFlag);
      VdbeComment((v, "set abort flag"));
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Return, regOutputRow);
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrOutputRow);
      addrOutputRow = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IfPos, iUseFlag, addrOutputRow+2);
      VdbeCoverage(v);
      VdbeComment((v, "Groupby result generator entry point"));
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Return, regOutputRow);
      finalizeAggFunctions(pParse, &sAggInfo);
      sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pHaving, addrOutputRow+1, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
      selectInnerLoop(pParse, p, p->pEList, -1, &sSort,
                      &sDistinct, pDest,
                      addrOutputRow+1, addrSetAbort);
................................................................................
    explainTempTable(pParse, "DISTINCT");
  }

  /* If there is an ORDER BY clause, then we need to sort the results
  ** and send them to the callback one by one.
  */
  if( sSort.pOrderBy ){
    explainTempTable(pParse,
                     sSort.nOBSat>0 ? "RIGHT PART OF ORDER BY":"ORDER BY");
    generateSortTail(pParse, p, &sSort, pEList->nExpr, pDest);
  }

  /* Jump here to skip this query
  */
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iEnd);

................................................................................
#if SELECTTRACE_ENABLED
  SELECTTRACE(1,pParse,p,("end processing\n"));
  pParse->nSelectIndent--;
#endif
  return rc;
}































































































/************** End of select.c **********************************************/
/************** Begin file table.c *******************************************/
/*
** 2001 September 15
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
................................................................................
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return rc;
}

#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

/************** End of vtab.c ************************************************/
/************** Begin file wherecode.c ***************************************/
/*
** 2015-06-06
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This module contains C code that generates VDBE code used to process
** the WHERE clause of SQL statements.
**
** This file was split off from where.c on 2015-06-06 in order to reduce the
** size of where.c and make it easier to edit.  This file contains the routines
** that actually generate the bulk of the WHERE loop code.  The original where.c
** file retains the code that does query planning and analysis.
*/
/************** Include whereInt.h in the middle of wherecode.c **************/
/************** Begin file whereInt.h ****************************************/
/*
** 2013-11-12
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
................................................................................
** a separate source file for easier editing.
*/

/*
** Trace output macros
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_TEST) || defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
/***/ int sqlite3WhereTrace;
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) \
    && (defined(SQLITE_TEST) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_WHERETRACE))
# define WHERETRACE(K,X)  if(sqlite3WhereTrace&(K)) sqlite3DebugPrintf X
# define WHERETRACE_ENABLED 1
#else
# define WHERETRACE(K,X)
................................................................................
*/
#define N_OR_COST 3
struct WhereOrSet {
  u16 n;                      /* Number of valid a[] entries */
  WhereOrCost a[N_OR_COST];   /* Set of best costs */
};





/*
** Each instance of this object holds a sequence of WhereLoop objects
** that implement some or all of a query plan.
**
** Think of each WhereLoop object as a node in a graph with arcs
** showing dependencies and costs for travelling between nodes.  (That is
** not a completely accurate description because WhereLoop costs are a
................................................................................
** no gaps.
*/
struct WhereMaskSet {
  int n;                        /* Number of assigned cursor values */
  int ix[BMS];                  /* Cursor assigned to each bit */
};

/*
** Initialize a WhereMaskSet object
*/
#define initMaskSet(P)  (P)->n=0

/*
** This object is a convenience wrapper holding all information needed
** to construct WhereLoop objects for a particular query.
*/
struct WhereLoopBuilder {
  WhereInfo *pWInfo;        /* Information about this WHERE */
  WhereClause *pWC;         /* WHERE clause terms */
................................................................................
  int iBreak;               /* Jump here to break out of the loop */
  int savedNQueryLoop;      /* pParse->nQueryLoop outside the WHERE loop */
  int aiCurOnePass[2];      /* OP_OpenWrite cursors for the ONEPASS opt */
  WhereMaskSet sMaskSet;    /* Map cursor numbers to bitmasks */
  WhereClause sWC;          /* Decomposition of the WHERE clause */
  WhereLevel a[1];          /* Information about each nest loop in WHERE */
};

/*
** Private interfaces - callable only by other where.c routines.
**
** where.c:
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE Bitmask sqlite3WhereGetMask(WhereMaskSet*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE WhereTerm *sqlite3WhereFindTerm(
  WhereClause *pWC,     /* The WHERE clause to be searched */
  int iCur,             /* Cursor number of LHS */
  int iColumn,          /* Column number of LHS */
  Bitmask notReady,     /* RHS must not overlap with this mask */
  u32 op,               /* Mask of WO_xx values describing operator */
  Index *pIdx           /* Must be compatible with this index, if not NULL */
);

/* wherecode.c: */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WhereExplainOneScan(
  Parse *pParse,                  /* Parse context */
  SrcList *pTabList,              /* Table list this loop refers to */
  WhereLevel *pLevel,             /* Scan to write OP_Explain opcode for */
  int iLevel,                     /* Value for "level" column of output */
  int iFrom,                      /* Value for "from" column of output */
  u16 wctrlFlags                  /* Flags passed to sqlite3WhereBegin() */
);
#else
# define sqlite3WhereExplainOneScan(u,v,w,x,y,z) 0
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STMT_SCANSTATUS
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3WhereAddScanStatus(
  Vdbe *v,                        /* Vdbe to add scanstatus entry to */
  SrcList *pSrclist,              /* FROM clause pLvl reads data from */
  WhereLevel *pLvl,               /* Level to add scanstatus() entry for */
  int addrExplain                 /* Address of OP_Explain (or 0) */
);
#else
# define sqlite3WhereAddScanStatus(a, b, c, d) ((void)d)
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE Bitmask sqlite3WhereCodeOneLoopStart(
  WhereInfo *pWInfo,   /* Complete information about the WHERE clause */
  int iLevel,          /* Which level of pWInfo->a[] should be coded */
  Bitmask notReady     /* Which tables are currently available */
);

/* whereexpr.c: */
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3WhereClauseInit(WhereClause*,WhereInfo*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3WhereClauseClear(WhereClause*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3WhereSplit(WhereClause*,Expr*,u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Bitmask sqlite3WhereExprUsage(WhereMaskSet*, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Bitmask sqlite3WhereExprListUsage(WhereMaskSet*, ExprList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3WhereExprAnalyze(SrcList*, WhereClause*);





/*
** Bitmasks for the operators on WhereTerm objects.  These are all
** operators that are of interest to the query planner.  An
** OR-ed combination of these values can be used when searching for
** particular WhereTerms within a WhereClause.
*/
................................................................................
#define WHERE_MULTI_OR     0x00002000  /* OR using multiple indices */
#define WHERE_AUTO_INDEX   0x00004000  /* Uses an ephemeral index */
#define WHERE_SKIPSCAN     0x00008000  /* Uses the skip-scan algorithm */
#define WHERE_UNQ_WANTED   0x00010000  /* WHERE_ONEROW would have been helpful*/
#define WHERE_PARTIALIDX   0x00020000  /* The automatic index is partial */

/************** End of whereInt.h ********************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in wherecode.c ******************/

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
/*
** This routine is a helper for explainIndexRange() below
**
** pStr holds the text of an expression that we are building up one term
** at a time.  This routine adds a new term to the end of the expression.
** Terms are separated by AND so add the "AND" text for second and subsequent
** terms only.
*/
static void explainAppendTerm(
  StrAccum *pStr,             /* The text expression being built */
  int iTerm,                  /* Index of this term.  First is zero */
  const char *zColumn,        /* Name of the column */
  const char *zOp             /* Name of the operator */
){
  if( iTerm ) sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pStr, " AND ", 5);
  sqlite3StrAccumAppendAll(pStr, zColumn);
  sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pStr, zOp, 1);
  sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pStr, "?", 1);
}

/*
** Argument pLevel describes a strategy for scanning table pTab. This 
** function appends text to pStr that describes the subset of table
** rows scanned by the strategy in the form of an SQL expression.
**
** For example, if the query:
**
**   SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=1 AND b>2;
**
** is run and there is an index on (a, b), then this function returns a
** string similar to:
**
**   "a=? AND b>?"
*/
static void explainIndexRange(StrAccum *pStr, WhereLoop *pLoop, Table *pTab){
  Index *pIndex = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex;
  u16 nEq = pLoop->u.btree.nEq;
  u16 nSkip = pLoop->nSkip;
  int i, j;
  Column *aCol = pTab->aCol;
  i16 *aiColumn = pIndex->aiColumn;

  if( nEq==0 && (pLoop->wsFlags&(WHERE_BTM_LIMIT|WHERE_TOP_LIMIT))==0 ) return;
  sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pStr, " (", 2);
  for(i=0; i<nEq; i++){
    char *z = aiColumn[i] < 0 ? "rowid" : aCol[aiColumn[i]].zName;
    if( i>=nSkip ){
      explainAppendTerm(pStr, i, z, "=");
    }else{
      if( i ) sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pStr, " AND ", 5);
      sqlite3XPrintf(pStr, 0, "ANY(%s)", z);
    }
  }

  j = i;
  if( pLoop->wsFlags&WHERE_BTM_LIMIT ){
    char *z = aiColumn[j] < 0 ? "rowid" : aCol[aiColumn[j]].zName;
    explainAppendTerm(pStr, i++, z, ">");
  }
  if( pLoop->wsFlags&WHERE_TOP_LIMIT ){
    char *z = aiColumn[j] < 0 ? "rowid" : aCol[aiColumn[j]].zName;
    explainAppendTerm(pStr, i, z, "<");
  }
  sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pStr, ")", 1);
}

/*
** This function is a no-op unless currently processing an EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
** command, or if either SQLITE_DEBUG or SQLITE_ENABLE_STMT_SCANSTATUS was
** defined at compile-time. If it is not a no-op, a single OP_Explain opcode 
** is added to the output to describe the table scan strategy in pLevel.
**
** If an OP_Explain opcode is added to the VM, its address is returned.
** Otherwise, if no OP_Explain is coded, zero is returned.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WhereExplainOneScan(
  Parse *pParse,                  /* Parse context */
  SrcList *pTabList,              /* Table list this loop refers to */
  WhereLevel *pLevel,             /* Scan to write OP_Explain opcode for */
  int iLevel,                     /* Value for "level" column of output */
  int iFrom,                      /* Value for "from" column of output */
  u16 wctrlFlags                  /* Flags passed to sqlite3WhereBegin() */
){
  int ret = 0;
#if !defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) && !defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STMT_SCANSTATUS)
  if( pParse->explain==2 )
#endif
  {
    struct SrcList_item *pItem = &pTabList->a[pLevel->iFrom];
    Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;      /* VM being constructed */
    sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;     /* Database handle */
    int iId = pParse->iSelectId;  /* Select id (left-most output column) */
    int isSearch;                 /* True for a SEARCH. False for SCAN. */
    WhereLoop *pLoop;             /* The controlling WhereLoop object */
    u32 flags;                    /* Flags that describe this loop */
    char *zMsg;                   /* Text to add to EQP output */
    StrAccum str;                 /* EQP output string */
    char zBuf[100];               /* Initial space for EQP output string */

    pLoop = pLevel->pWLoop;
    flags = pLoop->wsFlags;
    if( (flags&WHERE_MULTI_OR) || (wctrlFlags&WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY) ) return 0;

    isSearch = (flags&(WHERE_BTM_LIMIT|WHERE_TOP_LIMIT))!=0
            || ((flags&WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)==0 && (pLoop->u.btree.nEq>0))
            || (wctrlFlags&(WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN|WHERE_ORDERBY_MAX));

    sqlite3StrAccumInit(&str, db, zBuf, sizeof(zBuf), SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH);
    sqlite3StrAccumAppendAll(&str, isSearch ? "SEARCH" : "SCAN");
    if( pItem->pSelect ){
      sqlite3XPrintf(&str, 0, " SUBQUERY %d", pItem->iSelectId);
    }else{
      sqlite3XPrintf(&str, 0, " TABLE %s", pItem->zName);
    }

    if( pItem->zAlias ){
      sqlite3XPrintf(&str, 0, " AS %s", pItem->zAlias);
    }
    if( (flags & (WHERE_IPK|WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE))==0 ){
      const char *zFmt = 0;
      Index *pIdx;

      assert( pLoop->u.btree.pIndex!=0 );
      pIdx = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex;
      assert( !(flags&WHERE_AUTO_INDEX) || (flags&WHERE_IDX_ONLY) );
      if( !HasRowid(pItem->pTab) && IsPrimaryKeyIndex(pIdx) ){
        if( isSearch ){
          zFmt = "PRIMARY KEY";
        }
      }else if( flags & WHERE_PARTIALIDX ){
        zFmt = "AUTOMATIC PARTIAL COVERING INDEX";
      }else if( flags & WHERE_AUTO_INDEX ){
        zFmt = "AUTOMATIC COVERING INDEX";
      }else if( flags & WHERE_IDX_ONLY ){
        zFmt = "COVERING INDEX %s";
      }else{
        zFmt = "INDEX %s";
      }
      if( zFmt ){
        sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&str, " USING ", 7);
        sqlite3XPrintf(&str, 0, zFmt, pIdx->zName);
        explainIndexRange(&str, pLoop, pItem->pTab);
      }
    }else if( (flags & WHERE_IPK)!=0 && (flags & WHERE_CONSTRAINT)!=0 ){
      const char *zRange;
      if( flags&(WHERE_COLUMN_EQ|WHERE_COLUMN_IN) ){
        zRange = "(rowid=?)";
      }else if( (flags&WHERE_BOTH_LIMIT)==WHERE_BOTH_LIMIT ){
        zRange = "(rowid>? AND rowid<?)";
      }else if( flags&WHERE_BTM_LIMIT ){
        zRange = "(rowid>?)";
      }else{
        assert( flags&WHERE_TOP_LIMIT);
        zRange = "(rowid<?)";
      }
      sqlite3StrAccumAppendAll(&str, " USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY ");
      sqlite3StrAccumAppendAll(&str, zRange);
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
    else if( (flags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)!=0 ){
      sqlite3XPrintf(&str, 0, " VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX %d:%s",
                  pLoop->u.vtab.idxNum, pLoop->u.vtab.idxStr);
    }
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_EXPLAIN_ESTIMATED_ROWS
    if( pLoop->nOut>=10 ){
      sqlite3XPrintf(&str, 0, " (~%llu rows)", sqlite3LogEstToInt(pLoop->nOut));
    }else{
      sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&str, " (~1 row)", 9);
    }
#endif
    zMsg = sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&str);
    ret = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Explain, iId, iLevel, iFrom, zMsg,P4_DYNAMIC);
  }
  return ret;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STMT_SCANSTATUS
/*
** Configure the VM passed as the first argument with an
** sqlite3_stmt_scanstatus() entry corresponding to the scan used to 
** implement level pLvl. Argument pSrclist is a pointer to the FROM 
** clause that the scan reads data from.
**
** If argument addrExplain is not 0, it must be the address of an 
** OP_Explain instruction that describes the same loop.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3WhereAddScanStatus(
  Vdbe *v,                        /* Vdbe to add scanstatus entry to */
  SrcList *pSrclist,              /* FROM clause pLvl reads data from */
  WhereLevel *pLvl,               /* Level to add scanstatus() entry for */
  int addrExplain                 /* Address of OP_Explain (or 0) */
){
  const char *zObj = 0;
  WhereLoop *pLoop = pLvl->pWLoop;
  if( (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)==0  &&  pLoop->u.btree.pIndex!=0 ){
    zObj = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex->zName;
  }else{
    zObj = pSrclist->a[pLvl->iFrom].zName;
  }
  sqlite3VdbeScanStatus(
      v, addrExplain, pLvl->addrBody, pLvl->addrVisit, pLoop->nOut, zObj
  );
}
#endif


/*
** Disable a term in the WHERE clause.  Except, do not disable the term
** if it controls a LEFT OUTER JOIN and it did not originate in the ON
** or USING clause of that join.
**
** Consider the term t2.z='ok' in the following queries:
**
**   (1)  SELECT * FROM t1 LEFT JOIN t2 ON t1.a=t2.x WHERE t2.z='ok'
**   (2)  SELECT * FROM t1 LEFT JOIN t2 ON t1.a=t2.x AND t2.z='ok'
**   (3)  SELECT * FROM t1, t2 WHERE t1.a=t2.x AND t2.z='ok'
**
** The t2.z='ok' is disabled in the in (2) because it originates
** in the ON clause.  The term is disabled in (3) because it is not part
** of a LEFT OUTER JOIN.  In (1), the term is not disabled.
**
** Disabling a term causes that term to not be tested in the inner loop
** of the join.  Disabling is an optimization.  When terms are satisfied
** by indices, we disable them to prevent redundant tests in the inner
** loop.  We would get the correct results if nothing were ever disabled,
** but joins might run a little slower.  The trick is to disable as much
** as we can without disabling too much.  If we disabled in (1), we'd get
** the wrong answer.  See ticket #813.
**
** If all the children of a term are disabled, then that term is also
** automatically disabled.  In this way, terms get disabled if derived
** virtual terms are tested first.  For example:
**
**      x GLOB 'abc*' AND x>='abc' AND x<'acd'
**      \___________/     \______/     \_____/
**         parent          child1       child2
**
** Only the parent term was in the original WHERE clause.  The child1
** and child2 terms were added by the LIKE optimization.  If both of
** the virtual child terms are valid, then testing of the parent can be 
** skipped.
**
** Usually the parent term is marked as TERM_CODED.  But if the parent
** term was originally TERM_LIKE, then the parent gets TERM_LIKECOND instead.
** The TERM_LIKECOND marking indicates that the term should be coded inside
** a conditional such that is only evaluated on the second pass of a
** LIKE-optimization loop, when scanning BLOBs instead of strings.
*/
static void disableTerm(WhereLevel *pLevel, WhereTerm *pTerm){
  int nLoop = 0;
  while( pTerm
      && (pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_CODED)==0
      && (pLevel->iLeftJoin==0 || ExprHasProperty(pTerm->pExpr, EP_FromJoin))
      && (pLevel->notReady & pTerm->prereqAll)==0
  ){
    if( nLoop && (pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_LIKE)!=0 ){
      pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_LIKECOND;
    }else{
      pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_CODED;
    }
    if( pTerm->iParent<0 ) break;
    pTerm = &pTerm->pWC->a[pTerm->iParent];
    pTerm->nChild--;
    if( pTerm->nChild!=0 ) break;
    nLoop++;
  }
}

/*
** Code an OP_Affinity opcode to apply the column affinity string zAff
** to the n registers starting at base. 
**
** As an optimization, SQLITE_AFF_BLOB entries (which are no-ops) at the
** beginning and end of zAff are ignored.  If all entries in zAff are
** SQLITE_AFF_BLOB, then no code gets generated.
**
** This routine makes its own copy of zAff so that the caller is free
** to modify zAff after this routine returns.
*/
static void codeApplyAffinity(Parse *pParse, int base, int n, char *zAff){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
  if( zAff==0 ){
    assert( pParse->db->mallocFailed );
    return;
  }
  assert( v!=0 );

  /* Adjust base and n to skip over SQLITE_AFF_BLOB entries at the beginning
  ** and end of the affinity string.
  */
  while( n>0 && zAff[0]==SQLITE_AFF_BLOB ){
    n--;
    base++;
    zAff++;
  }
  while( n>1 && zAff[n-1]==SQLITE_AFF_BLOB ){
    n--;
  }

  /* Code the OP_Affinity opcode if there is anything left to do. */
  if( n>0 ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Affinity, base, n);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, zAff, n);
    sqlite3ExprCacheAffinityChange(pParse, base, n);
  }
}


/*
** Generate code for a single equality term of the WHERE clause.  An equality
** term can be either X=expr or X IN (...).   pTerm is the term to be 
** coded.
**
** The current value for the constraint is left in register iReg.
**
** For a constraint of the form X=expr, the expression is evaluated and its
** result is left on the stack.  For constraints of the form X IN (...)
** this routine sets up a loop that will iterate over all values of X.
*/
static int codeEqualityTerm(
  Parse *pParse,      /* The parsing context */
  WhereTerm *pTerm,   /* The term of the WHERE clause to be coded */
  WhereLevel *pLevel, /* The level of the FROM clause we are working on */
  int iEq,            /* Index of the equality term within this level */
  int bRev,           /* True for reverse-order IN operations */
  int iTarget         /* Attempt to leave results in this register */
){
  Expr *pX = pTerm->pExpr;
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
  int iReg;                  /* Register holding results */

  assert( iTarget>0 );
  if( pX->op==TK_EQ || pX->op==TK_IS ){
    iReg = sqlite3ExprCodeTarget(pParse, pX->pRight, iTarget);
  }else if( pX->op==TK_ISNULL ){
    iReg = iTarget;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, iReg);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
  }else{
    int eType;
    int iTab;
    struct InLoop *pIn;
    WhereLoop *pLoop = pLevel->pWLoop;

    if( (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)==0
      && pLoop->u.btree.pIndex!=0
      && pLoop->u.btree.pIndex->aSortOrder[iEq]
    ){
      testcase( iEq==0 );
      testcase( bRev );
      bRev = !bRev;
    }
    assert( pX->op==TK_IN );
    iReg = iTarget;
    eType = sqlite3FindInIndex(pParse, pX, IN_INDEX_LOOP, 0);
    if( eType==IN_INDEX_INDEX_DESC ){
      testcase( bRev );
      bRev = !bRev;
    }
    iTab = pX->iTable;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, bRev ? OP_Last : OP_Rewind, iTab, 0);
    VdbeCoverageIf(v, bRev);
    VdbeCoverageIf(v, !bRev);
    assert( (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_MULTI_OR)==0 );
    pLoop->wsFlags |= WHERE_IN_ABLE;
    if( pLevel->u.in.nIn==0 ){
      pLevel->addrNxt = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
    }
    pLevel->u.in.nIn++;
    pLevel->u.in.aInLoop =
       sqlite3DbReallocOrFree(pParse->db, pLevel->u.in.aInLoop,
                              sizeof(pLevel->u.in.aInLoop[0])*pLevel->u.in.nIn);
    pIn = pLevel->u.in.aInLoop;
    if( pIn ){
      pIn += pLevel->u.in.nIn - 1;
      pIn->iCur = iTab;
      if( eType==IN_INDEX_ROWID ){
        pIn->addrInTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, iTab, iReg);
      }else{
        pIn->addrInTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iTab, 0, iReg);
      }
      pIn->eEndLoopOp = bRev ? OP_PrevIfOpen : OP_NextIfOpen;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IsNull, iReg); VdbeCoverage(v);
    }else{
      pLevel->u.in.nIn = 0;
    }
#endif
  }
  disableTerm(pLevel, pTerm);
  return iReg;
}

/*
** Generate code that will evaluate all == and IN constraints for an
** index scan.
**
** For example, consider table t1(a,b,c,d,e,f) with index i1(a,b,c).
** Suppose the WHERE clause is this:  a==5 AND b IN (1,2,3) AND c>5 AND c<10
** The index has as many as three equality constraints, but in this
** example, the third "c" value is an inequality.  So only two 
** constraints are coded.  This routine will generate code to evaluate
** a==5 and b IN (1,2,3).  The current values for a and b will be stored
** in consecutive registers and the index of the first register is returned.
**
** In the example above nEq==2.  But this subroutine works for any value
** of nEq including 0.  If nEq==0, this routine is nearly a no-op.
** The only thing it does is allocate the pLevel->iMem memory cell and
** compute the affinity string.
**
** The nExtraReg parameter is 0 or 1.  It is 0 if all WHERE clause constraints
** are == or IN and are covered by the nEq.  nExtraReg is 1 if there is
** an inequality constraint (such as the "c>=5 AND c<10" in the example) that
** occurs after the nEq quality constraints.
**
** This routine allocates a range of nEq+nExtraReg memory cells and returns
** the index of the first memory cell in that range. The code that
** calls this routine will use that memory range to store keys for
** start and termination conditions of the loop.
** key value of the loop.  If one or more IN operators appear, then
** this routine allocates an additional nEq memory cells for internal
** use.
**
** Before returning, *pzAff is set to point to a buffer containing a
** copy of the column affinity string of the index allocated using
** sqlite3DbMalloc(). Except, entries in the copy of the string associated
** with equality constraints that use BLOB or NONE affinity are set to
** SQLITE_AFF_BLOB. This is to deal with SQL such as the following:
**
**   CREATE TABLE t1(a TEXT PRIMARY KEY, b);
**   SELECT ... FROM t1 AS t2, t1 WHERE t1.a = t2.b;
**
** In the example above, the index on t1(a) has TEXT affinity. But since
** the right hand side of the equality constraint (t2.b) has BLOB/NONE affinity,
** no conversion should be attempted before using a t2.b value as part of
** a key to search the index. Hence the first byte in the returned affinity
** string in this example would be set to SQLITE_AFF_BLOB.
*/
static int codeAllEqualityTerms(
  Parse *pParse,        /* Parsing context */
  WhereLevel *pLevel,   /* Which nested loop of the FROM we are coding */
  int bRev,             /* Reverse the order of IN operators */
  int nExtraReg,        /* Number of extra registers to allocate */
  char **pzAff          /* OUT: Set to point to affinity string */
){
  u16 nEq;                      /* The number of == or IN constraints to code */
  u16 nSkip;                    /* Number of left-most columns to skip */
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;      /* The vm under construction */
  Index *pIdx;                  /* The index being used for this loop */
  WhereTerm *pTerm;             /* A single constraint term */
  WhereLoop *pLoop;             /* The WhereLoop object */
  int j;                        /* Loop counter */
  int regBase;                  /* Base register */
  int nReg;                     /* Number of registers to allocate */
  char *zAff;                   /* Affinity string to return */

  /* This module is only called on query plans that use an index. */
  pLoop = pLevel->pWLoop;
  assert( (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)==0 );
  nEq = pLoop->u.btree.nEq;
  nSkip = pLoop->nSkip;
  pIdx = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex;
  assert( pIdx!=0 );

  /* Figure out how many memory cells we will need then allocate them.
  */
  regBase = pParse->nMem + 1;
  nReg = pLoop->u.btree.nEq + nExtraReg;
  pParse->nMem += nReg;

  zAff = sqlite3DbStrDup(pParse->db, sqlite3IndexAffinityStr(v, pIdx));
  if( !zAff ){
    pParse->db->mallocFailed = 1;
  }

  if( nSkip ){
    int iIdxCur = pLevel->iIdxCur;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, (bRev?OP_Last:OP_Rewind), iIdxCur);
    VdbeCoverageIf(v, bRev==0);
    VdbeCoverageIf(v, bRev!=0);
    VdbeComment((v, "begin skip-scan on %s", pIdx->zName));
    j = sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Goto);
    pLevel->addrSkip = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, (bRev?OP_SeekLT:OP_SeekGT),
                            iIdxCur, 0, regBase, nSkip);
    VdbeCoverageIf(v, bRev==0);
    VdbeCoverageIf(v, bRev!=0);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j);
    for(j=0; j<nSkip; j++){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, j, regBase+j);
      assert( pIdx->aiColumn[j]>=0 );
      VdbeComment((v, "%s", pIdx->pTable->aCol[pIdx->aiColumn[j]].zName));
    }
  }    

  /* Evaluate the equality constraints
  */
  assert( zAff==0 || (int)strlen(zAff)>=nEq );
  for(j=nSkip; j<nEq; j++){
    int r1;
    pTerm = pLoop->aLTerm[j];
    assert( pTerm!=0 );
    /* The following testcase is true for indices with redundant columns. 
    ** Ex: CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(a,b,a); SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=0 AND b=0; */
    testcase( (pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_CODED)!=0 );
    testcase( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL );
    r1 = codeEqualityTerm(pParse, pTerm, pLevel, j, bRev, regBase+j);
    if( r1!=regBase+j ){
      if( nReg==1 ){
        sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regBase);
        regBase = r1;
      }else{
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SCopy, r1, regBase+j);
      }
    }
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_ISNULL );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_IN );
    if( (pTerm->eOperator & (WO_ISNULL|WO_IN))==0 ){
      Expr *pRight = pTerm->pExpr->pRight;
      if( (pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_IS)==0 && sqlite3ExprCanBeNull(pRight) ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, regBase+j, pLevel->addrBrk);
        VdbeCoverage(v);
      }
      if( zAff ){
        if( sqlite3CompareAffinity(pRight, zAff[j])==SQLITE_AFF_BLOB ){
          zAff[j] = SQLITE_AFF_BLOB;
        }
        if( sqlite3ExprNeedsNoAffinityChange(pRight, zAff[j]) ){
          zAff[j] = SQLITE_AFF_BLOB;
        }
      }
    }
  }
  *pzAff = zAff;
  return regBase;
}

/*
** If the most recently coded instruction is a constant range contraint
** that originated from the LIKE optimization, then change the P3 to be
** pLoop->iLikeRepCntr and set P5.
**
** The LIKE optimization trys to evaluate "x LIKE 'abc%'" as a range
** expression: "x>='ABC' AND x<'abd'".  But this requires that the range
** scan loop run twice, once for strings and a second time for BLOBs.
** The OP_String opcodes on the second pass convert the upper and lower
** bound string contants to blobs.  This routine makes the necessary changes
** to the OP_String opcodes for that to happen.
*/
static void whereLikeOptimizationStringFixup(
  Vdbe *v,                /* prepared statement under construction */
  WhereLevel *pLevel,     /* The loop that contains the LIKE operator */
  WhereTerm *pTerm        /* The upper or lower bound just coded */
){
  if( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_LIKEOPT ){
    VdbeOp *pOp;
    assert( pLevel->iLikeRepCntr>0 );
    pOp = sqlite3VdbeGetOp(v, -1);
    assert( pOp!=0 );
    assert( pOp->opcode==OP_String8 
            || pTerm->pWC->pWInfo->pParse->db->mallocFailed );
    pOp->p3 = pLevel->iLikeRepCntr;
    pOp->p5 = 1;
  }
}


/*
** Generate code for the start of the iLevel-th loop in the WHERE clause
** implementation described by pWInfo.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE Bitmask sqlite3WhereCodeOneLoopStart(
  WhereInfo *pWInfo,   /* Complete information about the WHERE clause */
  int iLevel,          /* Which level of pWInfo->a[] should be coded */
  Bitmask notReady     /* Which tables are currently available */
){
  int j, k;            /* Loop counters */
  int iCur;            /* The VDBE cursor for the table */
  int addrNxt;         /* Where to jump to continue with the next IN case */
  int omitTable;       /* True if we use the index only */
  int bRev;            /* True if we need to scan in reverse order */
  WhereLevel *pLevel;  /* The where level to be coded */
  WhereLoop *pLoop;    /* The WhereLoop object being coded */
  WhereClause *pWC;    /* Decomposition of the entire WHERE clause */
  WhereTerm *pTerm;               /* A WHERE clause term */
  Parse *pParse;                  /* Parsing context */
  sqlite3 *db;                    /* Database connection */
  Vdbe *v;                        /* The prepared stmt under constructions */
  struct SrcList_item *pTabItem;  /* FROM clause term being coded */
  int addrBrk;                    /* Jump here to break out of the loop */
  int addrCont;                   /* Jump here to continue with next cycle */
  int iRowidReg = 0;        /* Rowid is stored in this register, if not zero */
  int iReleaseReg = 0;      /* Temp register to free before returning */

  pParse = pWInfo->pParse;
  v = pParse->pVdbe;
  pWC = &pWInfo->sWC;
  db = pParse->db;
  pLevel = &pWInfo->a[iLevel];
  pLoop = pLevel->pWLoop;
  pTabItem = &pWInfo->pTabList->a[pLevel->iFrom];
  iCur = pTabItem->iCursor;
  pLevel->notReady = notReady & ~sqlite3WhereGetMask(&pWInfo->sMaskSet, iCur);
  bRev = (pWInfo->revMask>>iLevel)&1;
  omitTable = (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_IDX_ONLY)!=0 
           && (pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_FORCE_TABLE)==0;
  VdbeModuleComment((v, "Begin WHERE-loop%d: %s",iLevel,pTabItem->pTab->zName));

  /* Create labels for the "break" and "continue" instructions
  ** for the current loop.  Jump to addrBrk to break out of a loop.
  ** Jump to cont to go immediately to the next iteration of the
  ** loop.
  **
  ** When there is an IN operator, we also have a "addrNxt" label that
  ** means to continue with the next IN value combination.  When
  ** there are no IN operators in the constraints, the "addrNxt" label
  ** is the same as "addrBrk".
  */
  addrBrk = pLevel->addrBrk = pLevel->addrNxt = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
  addrCont = pLevel->addrCont = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);

  /* If this is the right table of a LEFT OUTER JOIN, allocate and
  ** initialize a memory cell that records if this table matches any
  ** row of the left table of the join.
  */
  if( pLevel->iFrom>0 && (pTabItem[0].jointype & JT_LEFT)!=0 ){
    pLevel->iLeftJoin = ++pParse->nMem;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, pLevel->iLeftJoin);
    VdbeComment((v, "init LEFT JOIN no-match flag"));
  }

  /* Special case of a FROM clause subquery implemented as a co-routine */
  if( pTabItem->viaCoroutine ){
    int regYield = pTabItem->regReturn;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_InitCoroutine, regYield, 0, pTabItem->addrFillSub);
    pLevel->p2 =  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Yield, regYield, addrBrk);
    VdbeCoverage(v);
    VdbeComment((v, "next row of \"%s\"", pTabItem->pTab->zName));
    pLevel->op = OP_Goto;
  }else

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  if(  (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)!=0 ){
    /* Case 1:  The table is a virtual-table.  Use the VFilter and VNext
    **          to access the data.
    */
    int iReg;   /* P3 Value for OP_VFilter */
    int addrNotFound;
    int nConstraint = pLoop->nLTerm;

    sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);
    iReg = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nConstraint+2);
    addrNotFound = pLevel->addrBrk;
    for(j=0; j<nConstraint; j++){
      int iTarget = iReg+j+2;
      pTerm = pLoop->aLTerm[j];
      if( pTerm==0 ) continue;
      if( pTerm->eOperator & WO_IN ){
        codeEqualityTerm(pParse, pTerm, pLevel, j, bRev, iTarget);
        addrNotFound = pLevel->addrNxt;
      }else{
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pTerm->pExpr->pRight, iTarget);
      }
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, pLoop->u.vtab.idxNum, iReg);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, nConstraint, iReg+1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_VFilter, iCur, addrNotFound, iReg,
                      pLoop->u.vtab.idxStr,
                      pLoop->u.vtab.needFree ? P4_MPRINTF : P4_STATIC);
    VdbeCoverage(v);
    pLoop->u.vtab.needFree = 0;
    for(j=0; j<nConstraint && j<16; j++){
      if( (pLoop->u.vtab.omitMask>>j)&1 ){
        disableTerm(pLevel, pLoop->aLTerm[j]);
      }
    }
    pLevel->op = OP_VNext;
    pLevel->p1 = iCur;
    pLevel->p2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
    sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, iReg, nConstraint+2);
    sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse);
  }else
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

  if( (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_IPK)!=0
   && (pLoop->wsFlags & (WHERE_COLUMN_IN|WHERE_COLUMN_EQ))!=0
  ){
    /* Case 2:  We can directly reference a single row using an
    **          equality comparison against the ROWID field.  Or
    **          we reference multiple rows using a "rowid IN (...)"
    **          construct.
    */
    assert( pLoop->u.btree.nEq==1 );
    pTerm = pLoop->aLTerm[0];
    assert( pTerm!=0 );
    assert( pTerm->pExpr!=0 );
    assert( omitTable==0 );
    testcase( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL );
    iReleaseReg = ++pParse->nMem;
    iRowidReg = codeEqualityTerm(pParse, pTerm, pLevel, 0, bRev, iReleaseReg);
    if( iRowidReg!=iReleaseReg ) sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, iReleaseReg);
    addrNxt = pLevel->addrNxt;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_MustBeInt, iRowidReg, addrNxt); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iCur, addrNxt, iRowidReg);
    VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3ExprCacheAffinityChange(pParse, iRowidReg, 1);
    sqlite3ExprCacheStore(pParse, iCur, -1, iRowidReg);
    VdbeComment((v, "pk"));
    pLevel->op = OP_Noop;
  }else if( (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_IPK)!=0
         && (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_COLUMN_RANGE)!=0
  ){
    /* Case 3:  We have an inequality comparison against the ROWID field.
    */
    int testOp = OP_Noop;
    int start;
    int memEndValue = 0;
    WhereTerm *pStart, *pEnd;

    assert( omitTable==0 );
    j = 0;
    pStart = pEnd = 0;
    if( pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_BTM_LIMIT ) pStart = pLoop->aLTerm[j++];
    if( pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_TOP_LIMIT ) pEnd = pLoop->aLTerm[j++];
    assert( pStart!=0 || pEnd!=0 );
    if( bRev ){
      pTerm = pStart;
      pStart = pEnd;
      pEnd = pTerm;
    }
    if( pStart ){
      Expr *pX;             /* The expression that defines the start bound */
      int r1, rTemp;        /* Registers for holding the start boundary */

      /* The following constant maps TK_xx codes into corresponding 
      ** seek opcodes.  It depends on a particular ordering of TK_xx
      */
      const u8 aMoveOp[] = {
           /* TK_GT */  OP_SeekGT,
           /* TK_LE */  OP_SeekLE,
           /* TK_LT */  OP_SeekLT,
           /* TK_GE */  OP_SeekGE
      };
      assert( TK_LE==TK_GT+1 );      /* Make sure the ordering.. */
      assert( TK_LT==TK_GT+2 );      /*  ... of the TK_xx values... */
      assert( TK_GE==TK_GT+3 );      /*  ... is correcct. */

      assert( (pStart->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL)==0 );
      testcase( pStart->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL );
      pX = pStart->pExpr;
      assert( pX!=0 );
      testcase( pStart->leftCursor!=iCur ); /* transitive constraints */
      r1 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pX->pRight, &rTemp);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, aMoveOp[pX->op-TK_GT], iCur, addrBrk, r1);
      VdbeComment((v, "pk"));
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, pX->op==TK_GT);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, pX->op==TK_LE);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, pX->op==TK_LT);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, pX->op==TK_GE);
      sqlite3ExprCacheAffinityChange(pParse, r1, 1);
      sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, rTemp);
      disableTerm(pLevel, pStart);
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, bRev ? OP_Last : OP_Rewind, iCur, addrBrk);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, bRev==0);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, bRev!=0);
    }
    if( pEnd ){
      Expr *pX;
      pX = pEnd->pExpr;
      assert( pX!=0 );
      assert( (pEnd->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL)==0 );
      testcase( pEnd->leftCursor!=iCur ); /* Transitive constraints */
      testcase( pEnd->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL );
      memEndValue = ++pParse->nMem;
      sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pX->pRight, memEndValue);
      if( pX->op==TK_LT || pX->op==TK_GT ){
        testOp = bRev ? OP_Le : OP_Ge;
      }else{
        testOp = bRev ? OP_Lt : OP_Gt;
      }
      disableTerm(pLevel, pEnd);
    }
    start = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
    pLevel->op = bRev ? OP_Prev : OP_Next;
    pLevel->p1 = iCur;
    pLevel->p2 = start;
    assert( pLevel->p5==0 );
    if( testOp!=OP_Noop ){
      iRowidReg = ++pParse->nMem;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, iCur, iRowidReg);
      sqlite3ExprCacheStore(pParse, iCur, -1, iRowidReg);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, testOp, memEndValue, addrBrk, iRowidReg);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, testOp==OP_Le);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, testOp==OP_Lt);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, testOp==OP_Ge);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, testOp==OP_Gt);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC | SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
    }
  }else if( pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_INDEXED ){
    /* Case 4: A scan using an index.
    **
    **         The WHERE clause may contain zero or more equality 
    **         terms ("==" or "IN" operators) that refer to the N
    **         left-most columns of the index. It may also contain
    **         inequality constraints (>, <, >= or <=) on the indexed
    **         column that immediately follows the N equalities. Only 
    **         the right-most column can be an inequality - the rest must
    **         use the "==" and "IN" operators. For example, if the 
    **         index is on (x,y,z), then the following clauses are all 
    **         optimized:
    **
    **            x=5
    **            x=5 AND y=10
    **            x=5 AND y<10
    **            x=5 AND y>5 AND y<10
    **            x=5 AND y=5 AND z<=10
    **
    **         The z<10 term of the following cannot be used, only
    **         the x=5 term:
    **
    **            x=5 AND z<10
    **
    **         N may be zero if there are inequality constraints.
    **         If there are no inequality constraints, then N is at
    **         least one.
    **
    **         This case is also used when there are no WHERE clause
    **         constraints but an index is selected anyway, in order
    **         to force the output order to conform to an ORDER BY.
    */  
    static const u8 aStartOp[] = {
      0,
      0,
      OP_Rewind,           /* 2: (!start_constraints && startEq &&  !bRev) */
      OP_Last,             /* 3: (!start_constraints && startEq &&   bRev) */
      OP_SeekGT,           /* 4: (start_constraints  && !startEq && !bRev) */
      OP_SeekLT,           /* 5: (start_constraints  && !startEq &&  bRev) */
      OP_SeekGE,           /* 6: (start_constraints  &&  startEq && !bRev) */
      OP_SeekLE            /* 7: (start_constraints  &&  startEq &&  bRev) */
    };
    static const u8 aEndOp[] = {
      OP_IdxGE,            /* 0: (end_constraints && !bRev && !endEq) */
      OP_IdxGT,            /* 1: (end_constraints && !bRev &&  endEq) */
      OP_IdxLE,            /* 2: (end_constraints &&  bRev && !endEq) */
      OP_IdxLT,            /* 3: (end_constraints &&  bRev &&  endEq) */
    };
    u16 nEq = pLoop->u.btree.nEq;     /* Number of == or IN terms */
    int regBase;                 /* Base register holding constraint values */
    WhereTerm *pRangeStart = 0;  /* Inequality constraint at range start */
    WhereTerm *pRangeEnd = 0;    /* Inequality constraint at range end */
    int startEq;                 /* True if range start uses ==, >= or <= */
    int endEq;                   /* True if range end uses ==, >= or <= */
    int start_constraints;       /* Start of range is constrained */
    int nConstraint;             /* Number of constraint terms */
    Index *pIdx;                 /* The index we will be using */
    int iIdxCur;                 /* The VDBE cursor for the index */
    int nExtraReg = 0;           /* Number of extra registers needed */
    int op;                      /* Instruction opcode */
    char *zStartAff;             /* Affinity for start of range constraint */
    char cEndAff = 0;            /* Affinity for end of range constraint */
    u8 bSeekPastNull = 0;        /* True to seek past initial nulls */
    u8 bStopAtNull = 0;          /* Add condition to terminate at NULLs */

    pIdx = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex;
    iIdxCur = pLevel->iIdxCur;
    assert( nEq>=pLoop->nSkip );

    /* If this loop satisfies a sort order (pOrderBy) request that 
    ** was passed to this function to implement a "SELECT min(x) ..." 
    ** query, then the caller will only allow the loop to run for
    ** a single iteration. This means that the first row returned
    ** should not have a NULL value stored in 'x'. If column 'x' is
    ** the first one after the nEq equality constraints in the index,
    ** this requires some special handling.
    */
    assert( pWInfo->pOrderBy==0
         || pWInfo->pOrderBy->nExpr==1
         || (pWInfo->wctrlFlags&WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN)==0 );
    if( (pWInfo->wctrlFlags&WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN)!=0
     && pWInfo->nOBSat>0
     && (pIdx->nKeyCol>nEq)
    ){
      assert( pLoop->nSkip==0 );
      bSeekPastNull = 1;
      nExtraReg = 1;
    }

    /* Find any inequality constraint terms for the start and end 
    ** of the range. 
    */
    j = nEq;
    if( pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_BTM_LIMIT ){
      pRangeStart = pLoop->aLTerm[j++];
      nExtraReg = 1;
      /* Like optimization range constraints always occur in pairs */
      assert( (pRangeStart->wtFlags & TERM_LIKEOPT)==0 || 
              (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_TOP_LIMIT)!=0 );
    }
    if( pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_TOP_LIMIT ){
      pRangeEnd = pLoop->aLTerm[j++];
      nExtraReg = 1;
      if( (pRangeEnd->wtFlags & TERM_LIKEOPT)!=0 ){
        assert( pRangeStart!=0 );                     /* LIKE opt constraints */
        assert( pRangeStart->wtFlags & TERM_LIKEOPT );   /* occur in pairs */
        pLevel->iLikeRepCntr = ++pParse->nMem;
        testcase( bRev );
        testcase( pIdx->aSortOrder[nEq]==SQLITE_SO_DESC );
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer,
                          bRev ^ (pIdx->aSortOrder[nEq]==SQLITE_SO_DESC),
                          pLevel->iLikeRepCntr);
        VdbeComment((v, "LIKE loop counter"));
        pLevel->addrLikeRep = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
      }
      if( pRangeStart==0
       && (j = pIdx->aiColumn[nEq])>=0 
       && pIdx->pTable->aCol[j].notNull==0
      ){
        bSeekPastNull = 1;
      }
    }
    assert( pRangeEnd==0 || (pRangeEnd->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL)==0 );

    /* Generate code to evaluate all constraint terms using == or IN
    ** and store the values of those terms in an array of registers
    ** starting at regBase.
    */
    regBase = codeAllEqualityTerms(pParse,pLevel,bRev,nExtraReg,&zStartAff);
    assert( zStartAff==0 || sqlite3Strlen30(zStartAff)>=nEq );
    if( zStartAff ) cEndAff = zStartAff[nEq];
    addrNxt = pLevel->addrNxt;

    /* If we are doing a reverse order scan on an ascending index, or
    ** a forward order scan on a descending index, interchange the 
    ** start and end terms (pRangeStart and pRangeEnd).
    */
    if( (nEq<pIdx->nKeyCol && bRev==(pIdx->aSortOrder[nEq]==SQLITE_SO_ASC))
     || (bRev && pIdx->nKeyCol==nEq)
    ){
      SWAP(WhereTerm *, pRangeEnd, pRangeStart);
      SWAP(u8, bSeekPastNull, bStopAtNull);
    }

    testcase( pRangeStart && (pRangeStart->eOperator & WO_LE)!=0 );
    testcase( pRangeStart && (pRangeStart->eOperator & WO_GE)!=0 );
    testcase( pRangeEnd && (pRangeEnd->eOperator & WO_LE)!=0 );
    testcase( pRangeEnd && (pRangeEnd->eOperator & WO_GE)!=0 );
    startEq = !pRangeStart || pRangeStart->eOperator & (WO_LE|WO_GE);
    endEq =   !pRangeEnd || pRangeEnd->eOperator & (WO_LE|WO_GE);
    start_constraints = pRangeStart || nEq>0;

    /* Seek the index cursor to the start of the range. */
    nConstraint = nEq;
    if( pRangeStart ){
      Expr *pRight = pRangeStart->pExpr->pRight;
      sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pRight, regBase+nEq);
      whereLikeOptimizationStringFixup(v, pLevel, pRangeStart);
      if( (pRangeStart->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL)==0
       && sqlite3ExprCanBeNull(pRight)
      ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, regBase+nEq, addrNxt);
        VdbeCoverage(v);
      }
      if( zStartAff ){
        if( sqlite3CompareAffinity(pRight, zStartAff[nEq])==SQLITE_AFF_BLOB){
          /* Since the comparison is to be performed with no conversions
          ** applied to the operands, set the affinity to apply to pRight to 
          ** SQLITE_AFF_BLOB.  */
          zStartAff[nEq] = SQLITE_AFF_BLOB;
        }
        if( sqlite3ExprNeedsNoAffinityChange(pRight, zStartAff[nEq]) ){
          zStartAff[nEq] = SQLITE_AFF_BLOB;
        }
      }  
      nConstraint++;
      testcase( pRangeStart->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL );
    }else if( bSeekPastNull ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, regBase+nEq);
      nConstraint++;
      startEq = 0;
      start_constraints = 1;
    }
    codeApplyAffinity(pParse, regBase, nConstraint - bSeekPastNull, zStartAff);
    op = aStartOp[(start_constraints<<2) + (startEq<<1) + bRev];
    assert( op!=0 );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, op, iIdxCur, addrNxt, regBase, nConstraint);
    VdbeCoverage(v);
    VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==OP_Rewind);  testcase( op==OP_Rewind );
    VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==OP_Last);    testcase( op==OP_Last );
    VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==OP_SeekGT);  testcase( op==OP_SeekGT );
    VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==OP_SeekGE);  testcase( op==OP_SeekGE );
    VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==OP_SeekLE);  testcase( op==OP_SeekLE );
    VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==OP_SeekLT);  testcase( op==OP_SeekLT );

    /* Load the value for the inequality constraint at the end of the
    ** range (if any).
    */
    nConstraint = nEq;
    if( pRangeEnd ){
      Expr *pRight = pRangeEnd->pExpr->pRight;
      sqlite3ExprCacheRemove(pParse, regBase+nEq, 1);
      sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pRight, regBase+nEq);
      whereLikeOptimizationStringFixup(v, pLevel, pRangeEnd);
      if( (pRangeEnd->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL)==0
       && sqlite3ExprCanBeNull(pRight)
      ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, regBase+nEq, addrNxt);
        VdbeCoverage(v);
      }
      if( sqlite3CompareAffinity(pRight, cEndAff)!=SQLITE_AFF_BLOB
       && !sqlite3ExprNeedsNoAffinityChange(pRight, cEndAff)
      ){
        codeApplyAffinity(pParse, regBase+nEq, 1, &cEndAff);
      }
      nConstraint++;
      testcase( pRangeEnd->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL );
    }else if( bStopAtNull ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, regBase+nEq);
      endEq = 0;
      nConstraint++;
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(db, zStartAff);

    /* Top of the loop body */
    pLevel->p2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);

    /* Check if the index cursor is past the end of the range. */
    if( nConstraint ){
      op = aEndOp[bRev*2 + endEq];
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, op, iIdxCur, addrNxt, regBase, nConstraint);
      testcase( op==OP_IdxGT );  VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==OP_IdxGT );
      testcase( op==OP_IdxGE );  VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==OP_IdxGE );
      testcase( op==OP_IdxLT );  VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==OP_IdxLT );
      testcase( op==OP_IdxLE );  VdbeCoverageIf(v, op==OP_IdxLE );
    }

    /* Seek the table cursor, if required */
    disableTerm(pLevel, pRangeStart);
    disableTerm(pLevel, pRangeEnd);
    if( omitTable ){
      /* pIdx is a covering index.  No need to access the main table. */
    }else if( HasRowid(pIdx->pTable) ){
      iRowidReg = ++pParse->nMem;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxRowid, iIdxCur, iRowidReg);
      sqlite3ExprCacheStore(pParse, iCur, -1, iRowidReg);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Seek, iCur, iRowidReg);  /* Deferred seek */
    }else if( iCur!=iIdxCur ){
      Index *pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pIdx->pTable);
      iRowidReg = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, pPk->nKeyCol);
      for(j=0; j<pPk->nKeyCol; j++){
        k = sqlite3ColumnOfIndex(pIdx, pPk->aiColumn[j]);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, k, iRowidReg+j);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NotFound, iCur, addrCont,
                           iRowidReg, pPk->nKeyCol); VdbeCoverage(v);
    }

    /* Record the instruction used to terminate the loop. Disable 
    ** WHERE clause terms made redundant by the index range scan.
    */
    if( pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_ONEROW ){
      pLevel->op = OP_Noop;
    }else if( bRev ){
      pLevel->op = OP_Prev;
    }else{
      pLevel->op = OP_Next;
    }
    pLevel->p1 = iIdxCur;
    pLevel->p3 = (pLoop->wsFlags&WHERE_UNQ_WANTED)!=0 ? 1:0;
    if( (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_CONSTRAINT)==0 ){
      pLevel->p5 = SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_FULLSCAN_STEP;
    }else{
      assert( pLevel->p5==0 );
    }
  }else

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_OR_OPTIMIZATION
  if( pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_MULTI_OR ){
    /* Case 5:  Two or more separately indexed terms connected by OR
    **
    ** Example:
    **
    **   CREATE TABLE t1(a,b,c,d);
    **   CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(a);
    **   CREATE INDEX i2 ON t1(b);
    **   CREATE INDEX i3 ON t1(c);
    **
    **   SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=5 OR b=7 OR (c=11 AND d=13)
    **
    ** In the example, there are three indexed terms connected by OR.
    ** The top of the loop looks like this:
    **
    **          Null       1                # Zero the rowset in reg 1
    **
    ** Then, for each indexed term, the following. The arguments to
    ** RowSetTest are such that the rowid of the current row is inserted
    ** into the RowSet. If it is already present, control skips the
    ** Gosub opcode and jumps straight to the code generated by WhereEnd().
    **
    **        sqlite3WhereBegin(<term>)
    **          RowSetTest                  # Insert rowid into rowset
    **          Gosub      2 A
    **        sqlite3WhereEnd()
    **
    ** Following the above, code to terminate the loop. Label A, the target
    ** of the Gosub above, jumps to the instruction right after the Goto.
    **
    **          Null       1                # Zero the rowset in reg 1
    **          Goto       B                # The loop is finished.
    **
    **       A: <loop body>                 # Return data, whatever.
    **
    **          Return     2                # Jump back to the Gosub
    **
    **       B: <after the loop>
    **
    ** Added 2014-05-26: If the table is a WITHOUT ROWID table, then
    ** use an ephemeral index instead of a RowSet to record the primary
    ** keys of the rows we have already seen.
    **
    */
    WhereClause *pOrWc;    /* The OR-clause broken out into subterms */
    SrcList *pOrTab;       /* Shortened table list or OR-clause generation */
    Index *pCov = 0;             /* Potential covering index (or NULL) */
    int iCovCur = pParse->nTab++;  /* Cursor used for index scans (if any) */

    int regReturn = ++pParse->nMem;           /* Register used with OP_Gosub */
    int regRowset = 0;                        /* Register for RowSet object */
    int regRowid = 0;                         /* Register holding rowid */
    int iLoopBody = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);  /* Start of loop body */
    int iRetInit;                             /* Address of regReturn init */
    int untestedTerms = 0;             /* Some terms not completely tested */
    int ii;                            /* Loop counter */
    u16 wctrlFlags;                    /* Flags for sub-WHERE clause */
    Expr *pAndExpr = 0;                /* An ".. AND (...)" expression */
    Table *pTab = pTabItem->pTab;
   
    pTerm = pLoop->aLTerm[0];
    assert( pTerm!=0 );
    assert( pTerm->eOperator & WO_OR );
    assert( (pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_ORINFO)!=0 );
    pOrWc = &pTerm->u.pOrInfo->wc;
    pLevel->op = OP_Return;
    pLevel->p1 = regReturn;

    /* Set up a new SrcList in pOrTab containing the table being scanned
    ** by this loop in the a[0] slot and all notReady tables in a[1..] slots.
    ** This becomes the SrcList in the recursive call to sqlite3WhereBegin().
    */
    if( pWInfo->nLevel>1 ){
      int nNotReady;                 /* The number of notReady tables */
      struct SrcList_item *origSrc;     /* Original list of tables */
      nNotReady = pWInfo->nLevel - iLevel - 1;
      pOrTab = sqlite3StackAllocRaw(db,
                            sizeof(*pOrTab)+ nNotReady*sizeof(pOrTab->a[0]));
      if( pOrTab==0 ) return notReady;
      pOrTab->nAlloc = (u8)(nNotReady + 1);
      pOrTab->nSrc = pOrTab->nAlloc;
      memcpy(pOrTab->a, pTabItem, sizeof(*pTabItem));
      origSrc = pWInfo->pTabList->a;
      for(k=1; k<=nNotReady; k++){
        memcpy(&pOrTab->a[k], &origSrc[pLevel[k].iFrom], sizeof(pOrTab->a[k]));
      }
    }else{
      pOrTab = pWInfo->pTabList;
    }

    /* Initialize the rowset register to contain NULL. An SQL NULL is 
    ** equivalent to an empty rowset.  Or, create an ephemeral index
    ** capable of holding primary keys in the case of a WITHOUT ROWID.
    **
    ** Also initialize regReturn to contain the address of the instruction 
    ** immediately following the OP_Return at the bottom of the loop. This
    ** is required in a few obscure LEFT JOIN cases where control jumps
    ** over the top of the loop into the body of it. In this case the 
    ** correct response for the end-of-loop code (the OP_Return) is to 
    ** fall through to the next instruction, just as an OP_Next does if
    ** called on an uninitialized cursor.
    */
    if( (pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_DUPLICATES_OK)==0 ){
      if( HasRowid(pTab) ){
        regRowset = ++pParse->nMem;
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, regRowset);
      }else{
        Index *pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab);
        regRowset = pParse->nTab++;
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_OpenEphemeral, regRowset, pPk->nKeyCol);
        sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pPk);
      }
      regRowid = ++pParse->nMem;
    }
    iRetInit = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, regReturn);

    /* If the original WHERE clause is z of the form:  (x1 OR x2 OR ...) AND y
    ** Then for every term xN, evaluate as the subexpression: xN AND z
    ** That way, terms in y that are factored into the disjunction will
    ** be picked up by the recursive calls to sqlite3WhereBegin() below.
    **
    ** Actually, each subexpression is converted to "xN AND w" where w is
    ** the "interesting" terms of z - terms that did not originate in the
    ** ON or USING clause of a LEFT JOIN, and terms that are usable as 
    ** indices.
    **
    ** This optimization also only applies if the (x1 OR x2 OR ...) term
    ** is not contained in the ON clause of a LEFT JOIN.
    ** See ticket http://www.sqlite.org/src/info/f2369304e4
    */
    if( pWC->nTerm>1 ){
      int iTerm;
      for(iTerm=0; iTerm<pWC->nTerm; iTerm++){
        Expr *pExpr = pWC->a[iTerm].pExpr;
        if( &pWC->a[iTerm] == pTerm ) continue;
        if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_FromJoin) ) continue;
        if( (pWC->a[iTerm].wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL)!=0 ) continue;
        if( (pWC->a[iTerm].eOperator & WO_ALL)==0 ) continue;
        testcase( pWC->a[iTerm].wtFlags & TERM_ORINFO );
        pExpr = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pExpr, 0);
        pAndExpr = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pAndExpr, pExpr);
      }
      if( pAndExpr ){
        pAndExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_AND, 0, pAndExpr, 0);
      }
    }

    /* Run a separate WHERE clause for each term of the OR clause.  After
    ** eliminating duplicates from other WHERE clauses, the action for each
    ** sub-WHERE clause is to to invoke the main loop body as a subroutine.
    */
    wctrlFlags =  WHERE_OMIT_OPEN_CLOSE
                | WHERE_FORCE_TABLE
                | WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY
                | WHERE_NO_AUTOINDEX;
    for(ii=0; ii<pOrWc->nTerm; ii++){
      WhereTerm *pOrTerm = &pOrWc->a[ii];
      if( pOrTerm->leftCursor==iCur || (pOrTerm->eOperator & WO_AND)!=0 ){
        WhereInfo *pSubWInfo;           /* Info for single OR-term scan */
        Expr *pOrExpr = pOrTerm->pExpr; /* Current OR clause term */
        int j1 = 0;                     /* Address of jump operation */
        if( pAndExpr && !ExprHasProperty(pOrExpr, EP_FromJoin) ){
          pAndExpr->pLeft = pOrExpr;
          pOrExpr = pAndExpr;
        }
        /* Loop through table entries that match term pOrTerm. */
        WHERETRACE(0xffff, ("Subplan for OR-clause:\n"));
        pSubWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, pOrTab, pOrExpr, 0, 0,
                                      wctrlFlags, iCovCur);
        assert( pSubWInfo || pParse->nErr || db->mallocFailed );
        if( pSubWInfo ){
          WhereLoop *pSubLoop;
          int addrExplain = sqlite3WhereExplainOneScan(
              pParse, pOrTab, &pSubWInfo->a[0], iLevel, pLevel->iFrom, 0
          );
          sqlite3WhereAddScanStatus(v, pOrTab, &pSubWInfo->a[0], addrExplain);

          /* This is the sub-WHERE clause body.  First skip over
          ** duplicate rows from prior sub-WHERE clauses, and record the
          ** rowid (or PRIMARY KEY) for the current row so that the same
          ** row will be skipped in subsequent sub-WHERE clauses.
          */
          if( (pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_DUPLICATES_OK)==0 ){
            int r;
            int iSet = ((ii==pOrWc->nTerm-1)?-1:ii);
            if( HasRowid(pTab) ){
              r = sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumn(pParse, pTab, -1, iCur, regRowid, 0);
              j1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_RowSetTest, regRowset, 0, r,iSet);
              VdbeCoverage(v);
            }else{
              Index *pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab);
              int nPk = pPk->nKeyCol;
              int iPk;

              /* Read the PK into an array of temp registers. */
              r = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nPk);
              for(iPk=0; iPk<nPk; iPk++){
                int iCol = pPk->aiColumn[iPk];
                sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumn(pParse, pTab, iCol, iCur, r+iPk, 0);
              }

              /* Check if the temp table already contains this key. If so,
              ** the row has already been included in the result set and
              ** can be ignored (by jumping past the Gosub below). Otherwise,
              ** insert the key into the temp table and proceed with processing
              ** the row.
              **
              ** Use some of the same optimizations as OP_RowSetTest: If iSet
              ** is zero, assume that the key cannot already be present in
              ** the temp table. And if iSet is -1, assume that there is no 
              ** need to insert the key into the temp table, as it will never 
              ** be tested for.  */ 
              if( iSet ){
                j1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_Found, regRowset, 0, r, nPk);
                VdbeCoverage(v);
              }
              if( iSet>=0 ){
                sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, r, nPk, regRowid);
                sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IdxInsert, regRowset, regRowid, 0);
                if( iSet ) sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT);
              }

              /* Release the array of temp registers */
              sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, r, nPk);
            }
          }

          /* Invoke the main loop body as a subroutine */
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Gosub, regReturn, iLoopBody);

          /* Jump here (skipping the main loop body subroutine) if the
          ** current sub-WHERE row is a duplicate from prior sub-WHEREs. */
          if( j1 ) sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j1);

          /* The pSubWInfo->untestedTerms flag means that this OR term
          ** contained one or more AND term from a notReady table.  The
          ** terms from the notReady table could not be tested and will
          ** need to be tested later.
          */
          if( pSubWInfo->untestedTerms ) untestedTerms = 1;

          /* If all of the OR-connected terms are optimized using the same
          ** index, and the index is opened using the same cursor number
          ** by each call to sqlite3WhereBegin() made by this loop, it may
          ** be possible to use that index as a covering index.
          **
          ** If the call to sqlite3WhereBegin() above resulted in a scan that
          ** uses an index, and this is either the first OR-connected term
          ** processed or the index is the same as that used by all previous
          ** terms, set pCov to the candidate covering index. Otherwise, set 
          ** pCov to NULL to indicate that no candidate covering index will 
          ** be available.
          */
          pSubLoop = pSubWInfo->a[0].pWLoop;
          assert( (pSubLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_AUTO_INDEX)==0 );
          if( (pSubLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_INDEXED)!=0
           && (ii==0 || pSubLoop->u.btree.pIndex==pCov)
           && (HasRowid(pTab) || !IsPrimaryKeyIndex(pSubLoop->u.btree.pIndex))
          ){
            assert( pSubWInfo->a[0].iIdxCur==iCovCur );
            pCov = pSubLoop->u.btree.pIndex;
            wctrlFlags |= WHERE_REOPEN_IDX;
          }else{
            pCov = 0;
          }

          /* Finish the loop through table entries that match term pOrTerm. */
          sqlite3WhereEnd(pSubWInfo);
        }
      }
    }
    pLevel->u.pCovidx = pCov;
    if( pCov ) pLevel->iIdxCur = iCovCur;
    if( pAndExpr ){
      pAndExpr->pLeft = 0;
      sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pAndExpr);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, iRetInit, sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v));
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, pLevel->addrBrk);
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iLoopBody);

    if( pWInfo->nLevel>1 ) sqlite3StackFree(db, pOrTab);
    if( !untestedTerms ) disableTerm(pLevel, pTerm);
  }else
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_OR_OPTIMIZATION */

  {
    /* Case 6:  There is no usable index.  We must do a complete
    **          scan of the entire table.
    */
    static const u8 aStep[] = { OP_Next, OP_Prev };
    static const u8 aStart[] = { OP_Rewind, OP_Last };
    assert( bRev==0 || bRev==1 );
    if( pTabItem->isRecursive ){
      /* Tables marked isRecursive have only a single row that is stored in
      ** a pseudo-cursor.  No need to Rewind or Next such cursors. */
      pLevel->op = OP_Noop;
    }else{
      pLevel->op = aStep[bRev];
      pLevel->p1 = iCur;
      pLevel->p2 = 1 + sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, aStart[bRev], iCur, addrBrk);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, bRev==0);
      VdbeCoverageIf(v, bRev!=0);
      pLevel->p5 = SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_FULLSCAN_STEP;
    }
  }

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STMT_SCANSTATUS
  pLevel->addrVisit = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
#endif

  /* Insert code to test every subexpression that can be completely
  ** computed using the current set of tables.
  */
  for(pTerm=pWC->a, j=pWC->nTerm; j>0; j--, pTerm++){
    Expr *pE;
    int skipLikeAddr = 0;
    testcase( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL );
    testcase( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_CODED );
    if( pTerm->wtFlags & (TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_CODED) ) continue;
    if( (pTerm->prereqAll & pLevel->notReady)!=0 ){
      testcase( pWInfo->untestedTerms==0
               && (pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY)!=0 );
      pWInfo->untestedTerms = 1;
      continue;
    }
    pE = pTerm->pExpr;
    assert( pE!=0 );
    if( pLevel->iLeftJoin && !ExprHasProperty(pE, EP_FromJoin) ){
      continue;
    }
    if( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_LIKECOND ){
      assert( pLevel->iLikeRepCntr>0 );
      skipLikeAddr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfNot, pLevel->iLikeRepCntr);
      VdbeCoverage(v);
    }
    sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pE, addrCont, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
    if( skipLikeAddr ) sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, skipLikeAddr);
    pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_CODED;
  }

  /* Insert code to test for implied constraints based on transitivity
  ** of the "==" operator.
  **
  ** Example: If the WHERE clause contains "t1.a=t2.b" and "t2.b=123"
  ** and we are coding the t1 loop and the t2 loop has not yet coded,
  ** then we cannot use the "t1.a=t2.b" constraint, but we can code
  ** the implied "t1.a=123" constraint.
  */
  for(pTerm=pWC->a, j=pWC->nTerm; j>0; j--, pTerm++){
    Expr *pE, *pEAlt;
    WhereTerm *pAlt;
    if( pTerm->wtFlags & (TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_CODED) ) continue;
    if( (pTerm->eOperator & (WO_EQ|WO_IS))==0 ) continue;
    if( (pTerm->eOperator & WO_EQUIV)==0 ) continue;
    if( pTerm->leftCursor!=iCur ) continue;
    if( pLevel->iLeftJoin ) continue;
    pE = pTerm->pExpr;
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(pE, EP_FromJoin) );
    assert( (pTerm->prereqRight & pLevel->notReady)!=0 );
    pAlt = sqlite3WhereFindTerm(pWC, iCur, pTerm->u.leftColumn, notReady,
                    WO_EQ|WO_IN|WO_IS, 0);
    if( pAlt==0 ) continue;
    if( pAlt->wtFlags & (TERM_CODED) ) continue;
    testcase( pAlt->eOperator & WO_EQ );
    testcase( pAlt->eOperator & WO_IS );
    testcase( pAlt->eOperator & WO_IN );
    VdbeModuleComment((v, "begin transitive constraint"));
    pEAlt = sqlite3StackAllocRaw(db, sizeof(*pEAlt));
    if( pEAlt ){
      *pEAlt = *pAlt->pExpr;
      pEAlt->pLeft = pE->pLeft;
      sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pEAlt, addrCont, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
      sqlite3StackFree(db, pEAlt);
    }
  }

  /* For a LEFT OUTER JOIN, generate code that will record the fact that
  ** at least one row of the right table has matched the left table.  
  */
  if( pLevel->iLeftJoin ){
    pLevel->addrFirst = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 1, pLevel->iLeftJoin);
    VdbeComment((v, "record LEFT JOIN hit"));
    sqlite3ExprCacheClear(pParse);
    for(pTerm=pWC->a, j=0; j<pWC->nTerm; j++, pTerm++){
      testcase( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL );
      testcase( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_CODED );
      if( pTerm->wtFlags & (TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_CODED) ) continue;
      if( (pTerm->prereqAll & pLevel->notReady)!=0 ){
        assert( pWInfo->untestedTerms );
        continue;
      }
      assert( pTerm->pExpr );
      sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pTerm->pExpr, addrCont, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
      pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_CODED;
    }
  }

  return pLevel->notReady;
}

/************** End of wherecode.c *******************************************/
/************** Begin file whereexpr.c ***************************************/
/*
** 2015-06-08
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This module contains C code that generates VDBE code used to process
** the WHERE clause of SQL statements.
**
** This file was originally part of where.c but was split out to improve
** readability and editabiliity.  This file contains utility routines for
** analyzing Expr objects in the WHERE clause.
*/

/* Forward declarations */
static void exprAnalyze(SrcList*, WhereClause*, int);

/*
** Deallocate all memory associated with a WhereOrInfo object.
*/
static void whereOrInfoDelete(sqlite3 *db, WhereOrInfo *p){
  sqlite3WhereClauseClear(&p->wc);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p);
}

/*
** Deallocate all memory associated with a WhereAndInfo object.
*/
static void whereAndInfoDelete(sqlite3 *db, WhereAndInfo *p){
  sqlite3WhereClauseClear(&p->wc);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p);
}
























/*
** Add a single new WhereTerm entry to the WhereClause object pWC.
** The new WhereTerm object is constructed from Expr p and with wtFlags.
** The index in pWC->a[] of the new WhereTerm is returned on success.
** 0 is returned if the new WhereTerm could not be added due to a memory
** allocation error.  The memory allocation failure will be recorded in
** the db->mallocFailed flag so that higher-level functions can detect it.
................................................................................
  pTerm->pExpr = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(p);
  pTerm->wtFlags = wtFlags;
  pTerm->pWC = pWC;
  pTerm->iParent = -1;
  return idx;
}





















































































































/*
** Return TRUE if the given operator is one of the operators that is
** allowed for an indexable WHERE clause term.  The allowed operators are
** "=", "<", ">", "<=", ">=", "IN", and "IS NULL"
*/
static int allowedOp(int op){
  assert( TK_GT>TK_EQ && TK_GT<TK_GE );
................................................................................
  assert( op!=TK_LE || c==WO_LE );
  assert( op!=TK_GT || c==WO_GT );
  assert( op!=TK_GE || c==WO_GE );
  assert( op!=TK_IS || c==WO_IS );
  return c;
}



































































































































































































#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_LIKE_OPTIMIZATION
/*
** Check to see if the given expression is a LIKE or GLOB operator that
** can be optimized using inequality constraints.  Return TRUE if it is
** so and false if not.
**
................................................................................
  assert( pLeft->iColumn!=(-1) ); /* Because IPK never has AFF_TEXT */

  pRight = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pList->a[0].pExpr);
  op = pRight->op;
  if( op==TK_VARIABLE ){
    Vdbe *pReprepare = pParse->pReprepare;
    int iCol = pRight->iColumn;
    pVal = sqlite3VdbeGetBoundValue(pReprepare, iCol, SQLITE_AFF_BLOB);
    if( pVal && sqlite3_value_type(pVal)==SQLITE_TEXT ){
      z = (char *)sqlite3_value_text(pVal);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeSetVarmask(pParse->pVdbe, iCol);
    assert( pRight->op==TK_VARIABLE || pRight->op==TK_REGISTER );
  }else if( op==TK_STRING ){
    z = pRight->u.zToken;
................................................................................
**
** then create a new virtual term like this:
**
**      x IN (expr1,expr2,expr3)
**
** CASE 2:
**
** If there are exactly two disjuncts and one side has x>A and the other side
** has x=A (for the same x and A) then add a new virtual conjunct term to the
** WHERE clause of the form "x>=A".  Example:
**
**      x>A OR (x=A AND y>B)    adds:    x>=A
**
** The added conjunct can sometimes be helpful in query planning.
**
................................................................................
**
** From another point of view, "indexable" means that the subterm could
** potentially be used with an index if an appropriate index exists.
** This analysis does not consider whether or not the index exists; that
** is decided elsewhere.  This analysis only looks at whether subterms
** appropriate for indexing exist.
**
** All examples A through E above satisfy case 3.  But if a term
** also satisfies case 1 (such as B) we know that the optimizer will
** always prefer case 1, so in that case we pretend that case 3 is not
** satisfied.
**
** It might be the case that multiple tables are indexable.  For example,
** (E) above is indexable on tables P, Q, and R.
**
** Terms that satisfy case 3 are candidates for lookup by using
** separate indices to find rowids for each subterm and composing
** the union of all rowids using a RowSet object.  This is similar
** to "bitmap indices" in other database engines.
**
** OTHERWISE:
**
** If none of cases 1, 2, or 3 apply, then leave the eOperator set to
** zero.  This term is not useful for search.
*/
static void exprAnalyzeOrTerm(
  SrcList *pSrc,            /* the FROM clause */
  WhereClause *pWC,         /* the complete WHERE clause */
  int idxTerm               /* Index of the OR-term to be analyzed */
){
................................................................................
  */
  assert( (pTerm->wtFlags & (TERM_DYNAMIC|TERM_ORINFO|TERM_ANDINFO))==0 );
  assert( pExpr->op==TK_OR );
  pTerm->u.pOrInfo = pOrInfo = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(*pOrInfo));
  if( pOrInfo==0 ) return;
  pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_ORINFO;
  pOrWc = &pOrInfo->wc;
  sqlite3WhereClauseInit(pOrWc, pWInfo);
  sqlite3WhereSplit(pOrWc, pExpr, TK_OR);
  sqlite3WhereExprAnalyze(pSrc, pOrWc);
  if( db->mallocFailed ) return;
  assert( pOrWc->nTerm>=2 );

  /*
  ** Compute the set of tables that might satisfy cases 1 or 3.
  */
  indexable = ~(Bitmask)0;
  chngToIN = ~(Bitmask)0;
  for(i=pOrWc->nTerm-1, pOrTerm=pOrWc->a; i>=0 && indexable; i--, pOrTerm++){
    if( (pOrTerm->eOperator & WO_SINGLE)==0 ){
      WhereAndInfo *pAndInfo;
      assert( (pOrTerm->wtFlags & (TERM_ANDINFO|TERM_ORINFO))==0 );
................................................................................
        WhereTerm *pAndTerm;
        int j;
        Bitmask b = 0;
        pOrTerm->u.pAndInfo = pAndInfo;
        pOrTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_ANDINFO;
        pOrTerm->eOperator = WO_AND;
        pAndWC = &pAndInfo->wc;
        sqlite3WhereClauseInit(pAndWC, pWC->pWInfo);
        sqlite3WhereSplit(pAndWC, pOrTerm->pExpr, TK_AND);
        sqlite3WhereExprAnalyze(pSrc, pAndWC);
        pAndWC->pOuter = pWC;
        testcase( db->mallocFailed );
        if( !db->mallocFailed ){
          for(j=0, pAndTerm=pAndWC->a; j<pAndWC->nTerm; j++, pAndTerm++){
            assert( pAndTerm->pExpr );
            if( allowedOp(pAndTerm->pExpr->op) ){
              b |= sqlite3WhereGetMask(&pWInfo->sMaskSet, pAndTerm->leftCursor);
            }
          }
        }
        indexable &= b;
      }
    }else if( pOrTerm->wtFlags & TERM_COPIED ){
      /* Skip this term for now.  We revisit it when we process the
      ** corresponding TERM_VIRTUAL term */
    }else{
      Bitmask b;
      b = sqlite3WhereGetMask(&pWInfo->sMaskSet, pOrTerm->leftCursor);
      if( pOrTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL ){
        WhereTerm *pOther = &pOrWc->a[pOrTerm->iParent];
        b |= sqlite3WhereGetMask(&pWInfo->sMaskSet, pOther->leftCursor);
      }
      indexable &= b;
      if( (pOrTerm->eOperator & WO_EQ)==0 ){
        chngToIN = 0;
      }else{
        chngToIN &= b;
      }
................................................................................
        pOrTerm->wtFlags &= ~TERM_OR_OK;
        if( pOrTerm->leftCursor==iCursor ){
          /* This is the 2-bit case and we are on the second iteration and
          ** current term is from the first iteration.  So skip this term. */
          assert( j==1 );
          continue;
        }
        if( (chngToIN & sqlite3WhereGetMask(&pWInfo->sMaskSet,
                                            pOrTerm->leftCursor))==0 ){
          /* This term must be of the form t1.a==t2.b where t2 is in the
          ** chngToIN set but t1 is not.  This term will be either preceded
          ** or follwed by an inverted copy (t2.b==t1.a).  Skip this term 
          ** and use its inversion. */
          testcase( pOrTerm->wtFlags & TERM_COPIED );
          testcase( pOrTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL );
          assert( pOrTerm->wtFlags & (TERM_COPIED|TERM_VIRTUAL) );
................................................................................
        break;
      }
      if( i<0 ){
        /* No candidate table+column was found.  This can only occur
        ** on the second iteration */
        assert( j==1 );
        assert( IsPowerOfTwo(chngToIN) );
        assert( chngToIN==sqlite3WhereGetMask(&pWInfo->sMaskSet, iCursor) );
        break;
      }
      testcase( j==1 );

      /* We have found a candidate table and column.  Check to see if that
      ** table and column is common to every term in the OR clause */
      okToChngToIN = 1;
................................................................................

/*
** We already know that pExpr is a binary operator where both operands are
** column references.  This routine checks to see if pExpr is an equivalence
** relation:
**   1.  The SQLITE_Transitive optimization must be enabled
**   2.  Must be either an == or an IS operator
**   3.  Not originating in the ON clause of an OUTER JOIN
**   4.  The affinities of A and B must be compatible
**   5a. Both operands use the same collating sequence OR
**   5b. The overall collating sequence is BINARY
** If this routine returns TRUE, that means that the RHS can be substituted
** for the LHS anyplace else in the WHERE clause where the LHS column occurs.
** This is an optimization.  No harm comes from returning 0.  But if 1 is
** returned when it should not be, then incorrect answers might result.
................................................................................
  /* Since pLeft and pRight are both a column references, their collating
  ** sequence should always be defined. */
  zColl1 = ALWAYS(pColl) ? pColl->zName : 0;
  pColl = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, pExpr->pRight);
  zColl2 = ALWAYS(pColl) ? pColl->zName : 0;
  return sqlite3StrICmp(zColl1, zColl2)==0;
}

/*
** Recursively walk the expressions of a SELECT statement and generate
** a bitmask indicating which tables are used in that expression
** tree.
*/
static Bitmask exprSelectUsage(WhereMaskSet *pMaskSet, Select *pS){
  Bitmask mask = 0;
  while( pS ){
    SrcList *pSrc = pS->pSrc;
    mask |= sqlite3WhereExprListUsage(pMaskSet, pS->pEList);
    mask |= sqlite3WhereExprListUsage(pMaskSet, pS->pGroupBy);
    mask |= sqlite3WhereExprListUsage(pMaskSet, pS->pOrderBy);
    mask |= sqlite3WhereExprUsage(pMaskSet, pS->pWhere);
    mask |= sqlite3WhereExprUsage(pMaskSet, pS->pHaving);
    if( ALWAYS(pSrc!=0) ){
      int i;
      for(i=0; i<pSrc->nSrc; i++){
        mask |= exprSelectUsage(pMaskSet, pSrc->a[i].pSelect);
        mask |= sqlite3WhereExprUsage(pMaskSet, pSrc->a[i].pOn);
      }
    }
    pS = pS->pPrior;
  }
  return mask;
}

/*
** The input to this routine is an WhereTerm structure with only the
** "pExpr" field filled in.  The job of this routine is to analyze the
** subexpression and populate all the other fields of the WhereTerm
** structure.
**
................................................................................
  if( db->mallocFailed ){
    return;
  }
  pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];
  pMaskSet = &pWInfo->sMaskSet;
  pExpr = pTerm->pExpr;
  assert( pExpr->op!=TK_AS && pExpr->op!=TK_COLLATE );
  prereqLeft = sqlite3WhereExprUsage(pMaskSet, pExpr->pLeft);
  op = pExpr->op;
  if( op==TK_IN ){
    assert( pExpr->pRight==0 );
    if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
      pTerm->prereqRight = exprSelectUsage(pMaskSet, pExpr->x.pSelect);
    }else{
      pTerm->prereqRight = sqlite3WhereExprListUsage(pMaskSet, pExpr->x.pList);
    }
  }else if( op==TK_ISNULL ){
    pTerm->prereqRight = 0;
  }else{
    pTerm->prereqRight = sqlite3WhereExprUsage(pMaskSet, pExpr->pRight);
  }
  prereqAll = sqlite3WhereExprUsage(pMaskSet, pExpr);
  if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_FromJoin) ){
    Bitmask x = sqlite3WhereGetMask(pMaskSet, pExpr->iRightJoinTable);
    prereqAll |= x;
    extraRight = x-1;  /* ON clause terms may not be used with an index
                       ** on left table of a LEFT JOIN.  Ticket #3015 */
  }
  pTerm->prereqAll = prereqAll;
  pTerm->leftCursor = -1;
  pTerm->iParent = -1;
................................................................................
    int idxNew;
    Expr *pRight, *pLeft;
    WhereTerm *pNewTerm;
    Bitmask prereqColumn, prereqExpr;

    pRight = pExpr->x.pList->a[0].pExpr;
    pLeft = pExpr->x.pList->a[1].pExpr;
    prereqExpr = sqlite3WhereExprUsage(pMaskSet, pRight);
    prereqColumn = sqlite3WhereExprUsage(pMaskSet, pLeft);
    if( (prereqExpr & prereqColumn)==0 ){
      Expr *pNewExpr;
      pNewExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_MATCH, 
                              0, sqlite3ExprDup(db, pRight, 0), 0);
      idxNew = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNewExpr, TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC);
      testcase( idxNew==0 );
      pNewTerm = &pWC->a[idxNew];
................................................................................
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4 */

  /* Prevent ON clause terms of a LEFT JOIN from being used to drive
  ** an index for tables to the left of the join.
  */
  pTerm->prereqRight |= extraRight;
}

/***************************************************************************
** Routines with file scope above.  Interface to the rest of the where.c
** subsystem follows.
***************************************************************************/

/*
** This routine identifies subexpressions in the WHERE clause where
** each subexpression is separated by the AND operator or some other
** operator specified in the op parameter.  The WhereClause structure
** is filled with pointers to subexpressions.  For example:
**
**    WHERE  a=='hello' AND coalesce(b,11)<10 AND (c+12!=d OR c==22)
**           \________/     \_______________/     \________________/
**            slot[0]            slot[1]               slot[2]
**
** The original WHERE clause in pExpr is unaltered.  All this routine
** does is make slot[] entries point to substructure within pExpr.
**
** In the previous sentence and in the diagram, "slot[]" refers to
** the WhereClause.a[] array.  The slot[] array grows as needed to contain
** all terms of the WHERE clause.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3WhereSplit(WhereClause *pWC, Expr *pExpr, u8 op){
  Expr *pE2 = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pExpr);
  pWC->op = op;
  if( pE2==0 ) return;
  if( pE2->op!=op ){
    whereClauseInsert(pWC, pExpr, 0);
  }else{
    sqlite3WhereSplit(pWC, pE2->pLeft, op);
    sqlite3WhereSplit(pWC, pE2->pRight, op);
  }
}

/*
** Initialize a preallocated WhereClause structure.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3WhereClauseInit(
  WhereClause *pWC,        /* The WhereClause to be initialized */
  WhereInfo *pWInfo        /* The WHERE processing context */
){
  pWC->pWInfo = pWInfo;
  pWC->pOuter = 0;
  pWC->nTerm = 0;
  pWC->nSlot = ArraySize(pWC->aStatic);
  pWC->a = pWC->aStatic;
}

/*
** Deallocate a WhereClause structure.  The WhereClause structure
** itself is not freed.  This routine is the inverse of sqlite3WhereClauseInit().
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3WhereClauseClear(WhereClause *pWC){
  int i;
  WhereTerm *a;
  sqlite3 *db = pWC->pWInfo->pParse->db;
  for(i=pWC->nTerm-1, a=pWC->a; i>=0; i--, a++){
    if( a->wtFlags & TERM_DYNAMIC ){
      sqlite3ExprDelete(db, a->pExpr);
    }
    if( a->wtFlags & TERM_ORINFO ){
      whereOrInfoDelete(db, a->u.pOrInfo);
    }else if( a->wtFlags & TERM_ANDINFO ){
      whereAndInfoDelete(db, a->u.pAndInfo);
    }
  }
  if( pWC->a!=pWC->aStatic ){
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pWC->a);
  }
}


/*
** These routines walk (recursively) an expression tree and generate
** a bitmask indicating which tables are used in that expression
** tree.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE Bitmask sqlite3WhereExprUsage(WhereMaskSet *pMaskSet, Expr *p){
  Bitmask mask = 0;
  if( p==0 ) return 0;
  if( p->op==TK_COLUMN ){
    mask = sqlite3WhereGetMask(pMaskSet, p->iTable);
    return mask;
  }
  mask = sqlite3WhereExprUsage(pMaskSet, p->pRight);
  mask |= sqlite3WhereExprUsage(pMaskSet, p->pLeft);
  if( ExprHasProperty(p, EP_xIsSelect) ){
    mask |= exprSelectUsage(pMaskSet, p->x.pSelect);
  }else{
    mask |= sqlite3WhereExprListUsage(pMaskSet, p->x.pList);
  }
  return mask;
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE Bitmask sqlite3WhereExprListUsage(WhereMaskSet *pMaskSet, ExprList *pList){
  int i;
  Bitmask mask = 0;
  if( pList ){
    for(i=0; i<pList->nExpr; i++){
      mask |= sqlite3WhereExprUsage(pMaskSet, pList->a[i].pExpr);
    }
  }
  return mask;
}


/*
** Call exprAnalyze on all terms in a WHERE clause.  
**
** Note that exprAnalyze() might add new virtual terms onto the
** end of the WHERE clause.  We do not want to analyze these new
** virtual terms, so start analyzing at the end and work forward
** so that the added virtual terms are never processed.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3WhereExprAnalyze(
  SrcList *pTabList,       /* the FROM clause */
  WhereClause *pWC         /* the WHERE clause to be analyzed */
){
  int i;
  for(i=pWC->nTerm-1; i>=0; i--){
    exprAnalyze(pTabList, pWC, i);
  }
}

/************** End of whereexpr.c *******************************************/
/************** Begin file where.c *******************************************/
/*
** 2001 September 15
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This module contains C code that generates VDBE code used to process
** the WHERE clause of SQL statements.  This module is responsible for
** generating the code that loops through a table looking for applicable
** rows.  Indices are selected and used to speed the search when doing
** so is applicable.  Because this module is responsible for selecting
** indices, you might also think of this module as the "query optimizer".
*/

/* Forward declaration of methods */
static int whereLoopResize(sqlite3*, WhereLoop*, int);

/* Test variable that can be set to enable WHERE tracing */
#if defined(SQLITE_TEST) || defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
/***/ int sqlite3WhereTrace = 0;
#endif


/*
** Return the estimated number of output rows from a WHERE clause
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE u64 sqlite3WhereOutputRowCount(WhereInfo *pWInfo){
  return sqlite3LogEstToInt(pWInfo->nRowOut);
}

/*
** Return one of the WHERE_DISTINCT_xxxxx values to indicate how this
** WHERE clause returns outputs for DISTINCT processing.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WhereIsDistinct(WhereInfo *pWInfo){
  return pWInfo->eDistinct;
}

/*
** Return TRUE if the WHERE clause returns rows in ORDER BY order.
** Return FALSE if the output needs to be sorted.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WhereIsOrdered(WhereInfo *pWInfo){
  return pWInfo->nOBSat;
}

/*
** Return the VDBE address or label to jump to in order to continue
** immediately with the next row of a WHERE clause.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WhereContinueLabel(WhereInfo *pWInfo){
  assert( pWInfo->iContinue!=0 );
  return pWInfo->iContinue;
}

/*
** Return the VDBE address or label to jump to in order to break
** out of a WHERE loop.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WhereBreakLabel(WhereInfo *pWInfo){
  return pWInfo->iBreak;
}

/*
** Return TRUE if an UPDATE or DELETE statement can operate directly on
** the rowids returned by a WHERE clause.  Return FALSE if doing an
** UPDATE or DELETE might change subsequent WHERE clause results.
**
** If the ONEPASS optimization is used (if this routine returns true)
** then also write the indices of open cursors used by ONEPASS
** into aiCur[0] and aiCur[1].  iaCur[0] gets the cursor of the data
** table and iaCur[1] gets the cursor used by an auxiliary index.
** Either value may be -1, indicating that cursor is not used.
** Any cursors returned will have been opened for writing.
**
** aiCur[0] and aiCur[1] both get -1 if the where-clause logic is
** unable to use the ONEPASS optimization.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WhereOkOnePass(WhereInfo *pWInfo, int *aiCur){
  memcpy(aiCur, pWInfo->aiCurOnePass, sizeof(int)*2);
  return pWInfo->okOnePass;
}

/*
** Move the content of pSrc into pDest
*/
static void whereOrMove(WhereOrSet *pDest, WhereOrSet *pSrc){
  pDest->n = pSrc->n;
  memcpy(pDest->a, pSrc->a, pDest->n*sizeof(pDest->a[0]));
}

/*
** Try to insert a new prerequisite/cost entry into the WhereOrSet pSet.
**
** The new entry might overwrite an existing entry, or it might be
** appended, or it might be discarded.  Do whatever is the right thing
** so that pSet keeps the N_OR_COST best entries seen so far.
*/
static int whereOrInsert(
  WhereOrSet *pSet,      /* The WhereOrSet to be updated */
  Bitmask prereq,        /* Prerequisites of the new entry */
  LogEst rRun,           /* Run-cost of the new entry */
  LogEst nOut            /* Number of outputs for the new entry */
){
  u16 i;
  WhereOrCost *p;
  for(i=pSet->n, p=pSet->a; i>0; i--, p++){
    if( rRun<=p->rRun && (prereq & p->prereq)==prereq ){
      goto whereOrInsert_done;
    }
    if( p->rRun<=rRun && (p->prereq & prereq)==p->prereq ){
      return 0;
    }
  }
  if( pSet->n<N_OR_COST ){
    p = &pSet->a[pSet->n++];
    p->nOut = nOut;
  }else{
    p = pSet->a;
    for(i=1; i<pSet->n; i++){
      if( p->rRun>pSet->a[i].rRun ) p = pSet->a + i;
    }
    if( p->rRun<=rRun ) return 0;
  }
whereOrInsert_done:
  p->prereq = prereq;
  p->rRun = rRun;
  if( p->nOut>nOut ) p->nOut = nOut;
  return 1;
}

/*
** Return the bitmask for the given cursor number.  Return 0 if
** iCursor is not in the set.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE Bitmask sqlite3WhereGetMask(WhereMaskSet *pMaskSet, int iCursor){
  int i;
  assert( pMaskSet->n<=(int)sizeof(Bitmask)*8 );
  for(i=0; i<pMaskSet->n; i++){
    if( pMaskSet->ix[i]==iCursor ){
      return MASKBIT(i);
    }
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** Create a new mask for cursor iCursor.
**
** There is one cursor per table in the FROM clause.  The number of
** tables in the FROM clause is limited by a test early in the
** sqlite3WhereBegin() routine.  So we know that the pMaskSet->ix[]
** array will never overflow.
*/
static void createMask(WhereMaskSet *pMaskSet, int iCursor){
  assert( pMaskSet->n < ArraySize(pMaskSet->ix) );
  pMaskSet->ix[pMaskSet->n++] = iCursor;
}

/*
** Advance to the next WhereTerm that matches according to the criteria
** established when the pScan object was initialized by whereScanInit().
** Return NULL if there are no more matching WhereTerms.
*/
static WhereTerm *whereScanNext(WhereScan *pScan){
  int iCur;            /* The cursor on the LHS of the term */
  int iColumn;         /* The column on the LHS of the term.  -1 for IPK */
  Expr *pX;            /* An expression being tested */
  WhereClause *pWC;    /* Shorthand for pScan->pWC */
  WhereTerm *pTerm;    /* The term being tested */
  int k = pScan->k;    /* Where to start scanning */

  while( pScan->iEquiv<=pScan->nEquiv ){
    iCur = pScan->aEquiv[pScan->iEquiv-2];
    iColumn = pScan->aEquiv[pScan->iEquiv-1];
    while( (pWC = pScan->pWC)!=0 ){
      for(pTerm=pWC->a+k; k<pWC->nTerm; k++, pTerm++){
        if( pTerm->leftCursor==iCur
         && pTerm->u.leftColumn==iColumn
         && (pScan->iEquiv<=2 || !ExprHasProperty(pTerm->pExpr, EP_FromJoin))
        ){
          if( (pTerm->eOperator & WO_EQUIV)!=0
           && pScan->nEquiv<ArraySize(pScan->aEquiv)
          ){
            int j;
            pX = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pTerm->pExpr->pRight);
            assert( pX->op==TK_COLUMN );
            for(j=0; j<pScan->nEquiv; j+=2){
              if( pScan->aEquiv[j]==pX->iTable
               && pScan->aEquiv[j+1]==pX->iColumn ){
                  break;
              }
            }
            if( j==pScan->nEquiv ){
              pScan->aEquiv[j] = pX->iTable;
              pScan->aEquiv[j+1] = pX->iColumn;
              pScan->nEquiv += 2;
            }
          }
          if( (pTerm->eOperator & pScan->opMask)!=0 ){
            /* Verify the affinity and collating sequence match */
            if( pScan->zCollName && (pTerm->eOperator & WO_ISNULL)==0 ){
              CollSeq *pColl;
              Parse *pParse = pWC->pWInfo->pParse;
              pX = pTerm->pExpr;
              if( !sqlite3IndexAffinityOk(pX, pScan->idxaff) ){
                continue;
              }
              assert(pX->pLeft);
              pColl = sqlite3BinaryCompareCollSeq(pParse,
                                                  pX->pLeft, pX->pRight);
              if( pColl==0 ) pColl = pParse->db->pDfltColl;
              if( sqlite3StrICmp(pColl->zName, pScan->zCollName) ){
                continue;
              }
            }
            if( (pTerm->eOperator & (WO_EQ|WO_IS))!=0
             && (pX = pTerm->pExpr->pRight)->op==TK_COLUMN
             && pX->iTable==pScan->aEquiv[0]
             && pX->iColumn==pScan->aEquiv[1]
            ){
              testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_IS );
              continue;
            }
            pScan->k = k+1;
            return pTerm;
          }
        }
      }
      pScan->pWC = pScan->pWC->pOuter;
      k = 0;
    }
    pScan->pWC = pScan->pOrigWC;
    k = 0;
    pScan->iEquiv += 2;
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** Initialize a WHERE clause scanner object.  Return a pointer to the
** first match.  Return NULL if there are no matches.
**
** The scanner will be searching the WHERE clause pWC.  It will look
** for terms of the form "X <op> <expr>" where X is column iColumn of table
** iCur.  The <op> must be one of the operators described by opMask.
**
** If the search is for X and the WHERE clause contains terms of the
** form X=Y then this routine might also return terms of the form
** "Y <op> <expr>".  The number of levels of transitivity is limited,
** but is enough to handle most commonly occurring SQL statements.
**
** If X is not the INTEGER PRIMARY KEY then X must be compatible with
** index pIdx.
*/
static WhereTerm *whereScanInit(
  WhereScan *pScan,       /* The WhereScan object being initialized */
  WhereClause *pWC,       /* The WHERE clause to be scanned */
  int iCur,               /* Cursor to scan for */
  int iColumn,            /* Column to scan for */
  u32 opMask,             /* Operator(s) to scan for */
  Index *pIdx             /* Must be compatible with this index */
){
  int j;

  /* memset(pScan, 0, sizeof(*pScan)); */
  pScan->pOrigWC = pWC;
  pScan->pWC = pWC;
  if( pIdx && iColumn>=0 ){
    pScan->idxaff = pIdx->pTable->aCol[iColumn].affinity;
    for(j=0; pIdx->aiColumn[j]!=iColumn; j++){
      if( NEVER(j>pIdx->nColumn) ) return 0;
    }
    pScan->zCollName = pIdx->azColl[j];
  }else{
    pScan->idxaff = 0;
    pScan->zCollName = 0;
  }
  pScan->opMask = opMask;
  pScan->k = 0;
  pScan->aEquiv[0] = iCur;
  pScan->aEquiv[1] = iColumn;
  pScan->nEquiv = 2;
  pScan->iEquiv = 2;
  return whereScanNext(pScan);
}

/*
** Search for a term in the WHERE clause that is of the form "X <op> <expr>"
** where X is a reference to the iColumn of table iCur and <op> is one of
** the WO_xx operator codes specified by the op parameter.
** Return a pointer to the term.  Return 0 if not found.
**
** The term returned might by Y=<expr> if there is another constraint in
** the WHERE clause that specifies that X=Y.  Any such constraints will be
** identified by the WO_EQUIV bit in the pTerm->eOperator field.  The
** aEquiv[] array holds X and all its equivalents, with each SQL variable
** taking up two slots in aEquiv[].  The first slot is for the cursor number
** and the second is for the column number.  There are 22 slots in aEquiv[]
** so that means we can look for X plus up to 10 other equivalent values.
** Hence a search for X will return <expr> if X=A1 and A1=A2 and A2=A3
** and ... and A9=A10 and A10=<expr>.
**
** If there are multiple terms in the WHERE clause of the form "X <op> <expr>"
** then try for the one with no dependencies on <expr> - in other words where
** <expr> is a constant expression of some kind.  Only return entries of
** the form "X <op> Y" where Y is a column in another table if no terms of
** the form "X <op> <const-expr>" exist.   If no terms with a constant RHS
** exist, try to return a term that does not use WO_EQUIV.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE WhereTerm *sqlite3WhereFindTerm(
  WhereClause *pWC,     /* The WHERE clause to be searched */
  int iCur,             /* Cursor number of LHS */
  int iColumn,          /* Column number of LHS */
  Bitmask notReady,     /* RHS must not overlap with this mask */
  u32 op,               /* Mask of WO_xx values describing operator */
  Index *pIdx           /* Must be compatible with this index, if not NULL */
){
  WhereTerm *pResult = 0;
  WhereTerm *p;
  WhereScan scan;

  p = whereScanInit(&scan, pWC, iCur, iColumn, op, pIdx);
  op &= WO_EQ|WO_IS;
  while( p ){
    if( (p->prereqRight & notReady)==0 ){
      if( p->prereqRight==0 && (p->eOperator&op)!=0 ){
        testcase( p->eOperator & WO_IS );
        return p;
      }
      if( pResult==0 ) pResult = p;
    }
    p = whereScanNext(&scan);
  }
  return pResult;
}

/*
** This function searches pList for an entry that matches the iCol-th column
** of index pIdx.
**
** If such an expression is found, its index in pList->a[] is returned. If
** no expression is found, -1 is returned.
................................................................................
  return -1;
}

/*
** Return true if the DISTINCT expression-list passed as the third argument
** is redundant.
**
** A DISTINCT list is redundant if any subset of the columns in the
** DISTINCT list are collectively unique and individually non-null.
*/
static int isDistinctRedundant(
  Parse *pParse,            /* Parsing context */
  SrcList *pTabList,        /* The FROM clause */
  WhereClause *pWC,         /* The WHERE clause */
  ExprList *pDistinct       /* The result set that needs to be DISTINCT */
){
................................................................................
  **   3. All of those index columns for which the WHERE clause does not
  **      contain a "col=X" term are subject to a NOT NULL constraint.
  */
  for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
    if( !IsUniqueIndex(pIdx) ) continue;
    for(i=0; i<pIdx->nKeyCol; i++){
      i16 iCol = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
      if( 0==sqlite3WhereFindTerm(pWC, iBase, iCol, ~(Bitmask)0, WO_EQ, pIdx) ){
        int iIdxCol = findIndexCol(pParse, pDistinct, iBase, pIdx, i);
        if( iIdxCol<0 || pTab->aCol[iCol].notNull==0 ){
          break;
        }
      }
    }
    if( i==pIdx->nKeyCol ){
................................................................................
** Allocate and populate an sqlite3_index_info structure. It is the 
** responsibility of the caller to eventually release the structure
** by passing the pointer returned by this function to sqlite3_free().
*/
static sqlite3_index_info *allocateIndexInfo(
  Parse *pParse,
  WhereClause *pWC,
  Bitmask mUnusable,              /* Ignore terms with these prereqs */
  struct SrcList_item *pSrc,
  ExprList *pOrderBy
){
  int i, j;
  int nTerm;
  struct sqlite3_index_constraint *pIdxCons;
  struct sqlite3_index_orderby *pIdxOrderBy;
................................................................................
  int nOrderBy;
  sqlite3_index_info *pIdxInfo;

  /* Count the number of possible WHERE clause constraints referring
  ** to this virtual table */
  for(i=nTerm=0, pTerm=pWC->a; i<pWC->nTerm; i++, pTerm++){
    if( pTerm->leftCursor != pSrc->iCursor ) continue;
    if( pTerm->prereqRight & mUnusable ) continue;
    assert( IsPowerOfTwo(pTerm->eOperator & ~WO_EQUIV) );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_IN );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_ISNULL );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_IS );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_ALL );
    if( (pTerm->eOperator & ~(WO_ISNULL|WO_EQUIV|WO_IS))==0 ) continue;
    if( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL ) continue;
................................................................................
  *(struct sqlite3_index_orderby**)&pIdxInfo->aOrderBy = pIdxOrderBy;
  *(struct sqlite3_index_constraint_usage**)&pIdxInfo->aConstraintUsage =
                                                                   pUsage;

  for(i=j=0, pTerm=pWC->a; i<pWC->nTerm; i++, pTerm++){
    u8 op;
    if( pTerm->leftCursor != pSrc->iCursor ) continue;
    if( pTerm->prereqRight & mUnusable ) continue;
    assert( IsPowerOfTwo(pTerm->eOperator & ~WO_EQUIV) );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_IN );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_IS );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_ISNULL );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_ALL );
    if( (pTerm->eOperator & ~(WO_ISNULL|WO_EQUIV|WO_IS))==0 ) continue;
    if( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL ) continue;
................................................................................
    WHERETRACE(0x10,("IN row estimate: est=%d\n", nRowEst));
  }
  assert( pBuilder->nRecValid==nRecValid );
  return rc;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4 */











































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED
/*
** Print the content of a WhereTerm object
*/
static void whereTermPrint(WhereTerm *pTerm, int iTerm){
  if( pTerm==0 ){
................................................................................
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<pWInfo->nLevel; i++){
      WhereLevel *pLevel = &pWInfo->a[i];
      if( pLevel->pWLoop && (pLevel->pWLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_IN_ABLE) ){
        sqlite3DbFree(db, pLevel->u.in.aInLoop);
      }
    }
    sqlite3WhereClauseClear(&pWInfo->sWC);
    while( pWInfo->pLoops ){
      WhereLoop *p = pWInfo->pLoops;
      pWInfo->pLoops = p->pNextLoop;
      whereLoopDelete(db, p);
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pWInfo);
  }
................................................................................
  return rc;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
/*
** Add all WhereLoop objects for a table of the join identified by
** pBuilder->pNew->iTab.  That table is guaranteed to be a virtual table.
**
** If there are no LEFT or CROSS JOIN joins in the query, both mExtra and
** mUnusable are set to 0. Otherwise, mExtra is a mask of all FROM clause
** entries that occur before the virtual table in the FROM clause and are
** separated from it by at least one LEFT or CROSS JOIN. Similarly, the
** mUnusable mask contains all FROM clause entries that occur after the
** virtual table and are separated from it by at least one LEFT or 
** CROSS JOIN. 
**
** For example, if the query were:
**
**   ... FROM t1, t2 LEFT JOIN t3, t4, vt CROSS JOIN t5, t6;
**
** then mExtra corresponds to (t1, t2) and mUnusable to (t5, t6).
**
** All the tables in mExtra must be scanned before the current virtual 
** table. So any terms for which all prerequisites are satisfied by 
** mExtra may be specified as "usable" in all calls to xBestIndex. 
** Conversely, all tables in mUnusable must be scanned after the current
** virtual table, so any terms for which the prerequisites overlap with
** mUnusable should always be configured as "not-usable" for xBestIndex.
*/
static int whereLoopAddVirtual(
  WhereLoopBuilder *pBuilder,  /* WHERE clause information */

  Bitmask mExtra,              /* Tables that must be scanned before this one */
  Bitmask mUnusable            /* Tables that must be scanned after this one */
){
  WhereInfo *pWInfo;           /* WHERE analysis context */
  Parse *pParse;               /* The parsing context */
  WhereClause *pWC;            /* The WHERE clause */
  struct SrcList_item *pSrc;   /* The FROM clause term to search */
  Table *pTab;
  sqlite3 *db;
................................................................................
  int nConstraint;
  int seenIn = 0;              /* True if an IN operator is seen */
  int seenVar = 0;             /* True if a non-constant constraint is seen */
  int iPhase;                  /* 0: const w/o IN, 1: const, 2: no IN,  2: IN */
  WhereLoop *pNew;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  assert( (mExtra & mUnusable)==0 );
  pWInfo = pBuilder->pWInfo;
  pParse = pWInfo->pParse;
  db = pParse->db;
  pWC = pBuilder->pWC;
  pNew = pBuilder->pNew;
  pSrc = &pWInfo->pTabList->a[pNew->iTab];
  pTab = pSrc->pTab;
  assert( IsVirtual(pTab) );
  pIdxInfo = allocateIndexInfo(pParse, pWC, mUnusable, pSrc,pBuilder->pOrderBy);
  if( pIdxInfo==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  pNew->prereq = 0;
  pNew->rSetup = 0;
  pNew->wsFlags = WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE;
  pNew->nLTerm = 0;
  pNew->u.vtab.needFree = 0;
  pUsage = pIdxInfo->aConstraintUsage;
................................................................................
      pTerm = &pWC->a[j];
      switch( iPhase ){
        case 0:    /* Constants without IN operator */
          pIdxCons->usable = 0;
          if( (pTerm->eOperator & WO_IN)!=0 ){
            seenIn = 1;
          }
          if( (pTerm->prereqRight & ~mExtra)!=0 ){
            seenVar = 1;
          }else if( (pTerm->eOperator & WO_IN)==0 ){
            pIdxCons->usable = 1;
          }
          break;
        case 1:    /* Constants with IN operators */
          assert( seenIn );
          pIdxCons->usable = (pTerm->prereqRight & ~mExtra)==0;
          break;
        case 2:    /* Variables without IN */
          assert( seenVar );
          pIdxCons->usable = (pTerm->eOperator & WO_IN)==0;
          break;
        default:   /* Variables with IN */
          assert( seenVar && seenIn );
................................................................................
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

/*
** Add WhereLoop entries to handle OR terms.  This works for either
** btrees or virtual tables.
*/
static int whereLoopAddOr(
  WhereLoopBuilder *pBuilder, 
  Bitmask mExtra, 
  Bitmask mUnusable
){
  WhereInfo *pWInfo = pBuilder->pWInfo;
  WhereClause *pWC;
  WhereLoop *pNew;
  WhereTerm *pTerm, *pWCEnd;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  int iCur;
  WhereClause tempWC;
................................................................................
          for(i=0; i<sSubBuild.pWC->nTerm; i++){
            whereTermPrint(&sSubBuild.pWC->a[i], i);
          }
        }
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
        if( IsVirtual(pItem->pTab) ){
          rc = whereLoopAddVirtual(&sSubBuild, mExtra, mUnusable);
        }else
#endif
        {
          rc = whereLoopAddBtree(&sSubBuild, mExtra);
        }
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          rc = whereLoopAddOr(&sSubBuild, mExtra, mUnusable);
        }
        assert( rc==SQLITE_OK || sCur.n==0 );
        if( sCur.n==0 ){
          sSum.n = 0;
          break;
        }else if( once ){
          whereOrMove(&sSum, &sCur);
................................................................................
static int whereLoopAddAll(WhereLoopBuilder *pBuilder){
  WhereInfo *pWInfo = pBuilder->pWInfo;
  Bitmask mExtra = 0;
  Bitmask mPrior = 0;
  int iTab;
  SrcList *pTabList = pWInfo->pTabList;
  struct SrcList_item *pItem;
  struct SrcList_item *pEnd = &pTabList->a[pWInfo->nLevel];
  sqlite3 *db = pWInfo->pParse->db;

  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  WhereLoop *pNew;
  u8 priorJointype = 0;

  /* Loop over the tables in the join, from left to right */
  pNew = pBuilder->pNew;
  whereLoopInit(pNew);
  for(iTab=0, pItem=pTabList->a; pItem<pEnd; iTab++, pItem++){
    Bitmask mUnusable = 0;
    pNew->iTab = iTab;
    pNew->maskSelf = sqlite3WhereGetMask(&pWInfo->sMaskSet, pItem->iCursor);
    if( ((pItem->jointype|priorJointype) & (JT_LEFT|JT_CROSS))!=0 ){
      /* This condition is true when pItem is the FROM clause term on the
      ** right-hand-side of a LEFT or CROSS JOIN.  */
      mExtra = mPrior;
    }
    priorJointype = pItem->jointype;
    if( IsVirtual(pItem->pTab) ){
      struct SrcList_item *p;
      for(p=&pItem[1]; p<pEnd; p++){
        if( mUnusable || (p->jointype & (JT_LEFT|JT_CROSS)) ){
          mUnusable |= sqlite3WhereGetMask(&pWInfo->sMaskSet, p->iCursor);
        }
      }
      rc = whereLoopAddVirtual(pBuilder, mExtra, mUnusable);
    }else{
      rc = whereLoopAddBtree(pBuilder, mExtra);
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = whereLoopAddOr(pBuilder, mExtra, mUnusable);
    }
    mPrior |= pNew->maskSelf;
    if( rc || db->mallocFailed ) break;
  }

  whereLoopClear(db, pNew);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Examine a WherePath (with the addition of the extra WhereLoop of the 5th
** parameters) to see if it outputs rows in the requested ORDER BY
................................................................................
    ** loops.
    */
    for(i=0; i<nOrderBy; i++){
      if( MASKBIT(i) & obSat ) continue;
      pOBExpr = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pOrderBy->a[i].pExpr);
      if( pOBExpr->op!=TK_COLUMN ) continue;
      if( pOBExpr->iTable!=iCur ) continue;
      pTerm = sqlite3WhereFindTerm(&pWInfo->sWC, iCur, pOBExpr->iColumn,
                       ~ready, WO_EQ|WO_ISNULL|WO_IS, 0);
      if( pTerm==0 ) continue;
      if( (pTerm->eOperator&(WO_EQ|WO_IS))!=0 && pOBExpr->iColumn>=0 ){
        const char *z1, *z2;
        pColl = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pWInfo->pParse, pOrderBy->a[i].pExpr);
        if( !pColl ) pColl = db->pDfltColl;
        z1 = pColl->zName;
................................................................................
    if( isOrderDistinct ){
      orderDistinctMask |= pLoop->maskSelf;
      for(i=0; i<nOrderBy; i++){
        Expr *p;
        Bitmask mTerm;
        if( MASKBIT(i) & obSat ) continue;
        p = pOrderBy->a[i].pExpr;
        mTerm = sqlite3WhereExprUsage(&pWInfo->sMaskSet,p);
        if( mTerm==0 && !sqlite3ExprIsConstant(p) ) continue;
        if( (mTerm&~orderDistinctMask)==0 ){
          obSat |= MASKBIT(i);
        }
      }
    }
  } /* End the loop over all WhereLoops from outer-most down to inner-most */
................................................................................
  
  pWInfo = pBuilder->pWInfo;
  if( pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_FORCE_TABLE ) return 0;
  assert( pWInfo->pTabList->nSrc>=1 );
  pItem = pWInfo->pTabList->a;
  pTab = pItem->pTab;
  if( IsVirtual(pTab) ) return 0;
  if( pItem->zIndexedBy ) return 0;
  iCur = pItem->iCursor;
  pWC = &pWInfo->sWC;
  pLoop = pBuilder->pNew;
  pLoop->wsFlags = 0;
  pLoop->nSkip = 0;
  pTerm = sqlite3WhereFindTerm(pWC, iCur, -1, 0, WO_EQ|WO_IS, 0);
  if( pTerm ){
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_IS );
    pLoop->wsFlags = WHERE_COLUMN_EQ|WHERE_IPK|WHERE_ONEROW;
    pLoop->aLTerm[0] = pTerm;
    pLoop->nLTerm = 1;
    pLoop->u.btree.nEq = 1;
    /* TUNING: Cost of a rowid lookup is 10 */
................................................................................
      assert( pLoop->aLTermSpace==pLoop->aLTerm );
      if( !IsUniqueIndex(pIdx)
       || pIdx->pPartIdxWhere!=0 
       || pIdx->nKeyCol>ArraySize(pLoop->aLTermSpace) 
      ) continue;
      opMask = pIdx->uniqNotNull ? (WO_EQ|WO_IS) : WO_EQ;
      for(j=0; j<pIdx->nKeyCol; j++){
        pTerm = sqlite3WhereFindTerm(pWC, iCur, pIdx->aiColumn[j], 0, opMask, pIdx);
        if( pTerm==0 ) break;
        testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_IS );
        pLoop->aLTerm[j] = pTerm;
      }
      if( j!=pIdx->nKeyCol ) continue;
      pLoop->wsFlags = WHERE_COLUMN_EQ|WHERE_ONEROW|WHERE_INDEXED;
      if( pIdx->isCovering || (pItem->colUsed & ~columnsInIndex(pIdx))==0 ){
................................................................................
      pLoop->rRun = 39;  /* 39==sqlite3LogEst(15) */
      break;
    }
  }
  if( pLoop->wsFlags ){
    pLoop->nOut = (LogEst)1;
    pWInfo->a[0].pWLoop = pLoop;
    pLoop->maskSelf = sqlite3WhereGetMask(&pWInfo->sMaskSet, iCur);
    pWInfo->a[0].iTabCur = iCur;
    pWInfo->nRowOut = 1;
    if( pWInfo->pOrderBy ) pWInfo->nOBSat =  pWInfo->pOrderBy->nExpr;
    if( pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_WANT_DISTINCT ){
      pWInfo->eDistinct = WHERE_DISTINCT_UNIQUE;
    }
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
................................................................................
  sWLB.pNew->cId = '*';
#endif

  /* Split the WHERE clause into separate subexpressions where each
  ** subexpression is separated by an AND operator.
  */
  initMaskSet(pMaskSet);
  sqlite3WhereClauseInit(&pWInfo->sWC, pWInfo);
  sqlite3WhereSplit(&pWInfo->sWC, pWhere, TK_AND);
    
  /* Special case: a WHERE clause that is constant.  Evaluate the
  ** expression and either jump over all of the code or fall thru.
  */
  for(ii=0; ii<sWLB.pWC->nTerm; ii++){
    if( nTabList==0 || sqlite3ExprIsConstantNotJoin(sWLB.pWC->a[ii].pExpr) ){
      sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, sWLB.pWC->a[ii].pExpr, pWInfo->iBreak,
................................................................................
  for(ii=0; ii<pTabList->nSrc; ii++){
    createMask(pMaskSet, pTabList->a[ii].iCursor);
  }
#ifndef NDEBUG
  {
    Bitmask toTheLeft = 0;
    for(ii=0; ii<pTabList->nSrc; ii++){
      Bitmask m = sqlite3WhereGetMask(pMaskSet, pTabList->a[ii].iCursor);
      assert( (m-1)==toTheLeft );
      toTheLeft |= m;
    }
  }
#endif

  /* Analyze all of the subexpressions. */




  sqlite3WhereExprAnalyze(pTabList, &pWInfo->sWC);
  if( db->mallocFailed ) goto whereBeginError;



  if( wctrlFlags & WHERE_WANT_DISTINCT ){
    if( isDistinctRedundant(pParse, pTabList, &pWInfo->sWC, pResultSet) ){
      /* The DISTINCT marking is pointless.  Ignore it. */
      pWInfo->eDistinct = WHERE_DISTINCT_UNIQUE;
    }else if( pOrderBy==0 ){
      /* Try to ORDER BY the result set to make distinct processing easier */
................................................................................
      pWInfo->pOrderBy = pResultSet;
    }
  }

  /* Construct the WhereLoop objects */
  WHERETRACE(0xffff,("*** Optimizer Start ***\n"));
#if defined(WHERETRACE_ENABLED)
  if( sqlite3WhereTrace & 0x100 ){ /* Display all terms of the WHERE clause */

    int i;
    for(i=0; i<sWLB.pWC->nTerm; i++){
      whereTermPrint(&sWLB.pWC->a[i], i);
    }
  }
#endif

  if( nTabList!=1 || whereShortCut(&sWLB)==0 ){
    rc = whereLoopAddAll(&sWLB);
    if( rc ) goto whereBeginError;
  

#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED
    if( sqlite3WhereTrace ){    /* Display all of the WhereLoop objects */
      WhereLoop *p;
      int i;
      static const char zLabel[] = "0123456789abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwyxz"
                                             "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWYXZ";
      for(p=pWInfo->pLoops, i=0; p; p=p->pNextLoop, i++){
        p->cId = zLabel[i%sizeof(zLabel)];
        whereLoopPrint(p, sWLB.pWC);
      }
    }
#endif
  
................................................................................
  }
  if( pWInfo->pOrderBy==0 && (db->flags & SQLITE_ReverseOrder)!=0 ){
     pWInfo->revMask = (Bitmask)(-1);
  }
  if( pParse->nErr || NEVER(db->mallocFailed) ){
    goto whereBeginError;
  }
#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED
  if( sqlite3WhereTrace ){
    sqlite3DebugPrintf("---- Solution nRow=%d", pWInfo->nRowOut);
    if( pWInfo->nOBSat>0 ){
      sqlite3DebugPrintf(" ORDERBY=%d,0x%llx", pWInfo->nOBSat, pWInfo->revMask);
    }
    switch( pWInfo->eDistinct ){
      case WHERE_DISTINCT_UNIQUE: {
................................................................................
  }
#endif
  /* Attempt to omit tables from the join that do not effect the result */
  if( pWInfo->nLevel>=2
   && pResultSet!=0
   && OptimizationEnabled(db, SQLITE_OmitNoopJoin)
  ){
    Bitmask tabUsed = sqlite3WhereExprListUsage(pMaskSet, pResultSet);
    if( sWLB.pOrderBy ){
      tabUsed |= sqlite3WhereExprListUsage(pMaskSet, sWLB.pOrderBy);
    }
    while( pWInfo->nLevel>=2 ){
      WhereTerm *pTerm, *pEnd;
      pLoop = pWInfo->a[pWInfo->nLevel-1].pWLoop;
      if( (pWInfo->pTabList->a[pLoop->iTab].jointype & JT_LEFT)==0 ) break;
      if( (wctrlFlags & WHERE_WANT_DISTINCT)==0
       && (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_ONEROW)==0
      ){
................................................................................
  }
  WHERETRACE(0xffff,("*** Optimizer Finished ***\n"));
  pWInfo->pParse->nQueryLoop += pWInfo->nRowOut;

  /* If the caller is an UPDATE or DELETE statement that is requesting
  ** to use a one-pass algorithm, determine if this is appropriate.
  ** The one-pass algorithm only works if the WHERE clause constrains
  ** the statement to update or delete a single row.
  */
  assert( (wctrlFlags & WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED)==0 || pWInfo->nLevel==1 );
  if( (wctrlFlags & WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED)!=0 
   && (pWInfo->a[0].pWLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_ONEROW)!=0 ){
    pWInfo->okOnePass = 1;
    if( HasRowid(pTabList->a[0].pTab) ){
      pWInfo->a[0].pWLoop->wsFlags &= ~WHERE_IDX_ONLY;
    }
  }

  /* Open all tables in the pTabList and any indices selected for
  ** searching those tables.
  */

  for(ii=0, pLevel=pWInfo->a; ii<nTabList; ii++, pLevel++){
    Table *pTab;     /* Table to open */
    int iDb;         /* Index of database containing table/index */
    struct SrcList_item *pTabItem;

    pTabItem = &pTabList->a[pLevel->iFrom];
    pTab = pTabItem->pTab;
................................................................................
        Bitmask b = pTabItem->colUsed;
        int n = 0;
        for(; b; b=b>>1, n++){}
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)-1, 
                            SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(n), P4_INT32);
        assert( n<=pTab->nCol );
      }
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_USED_MASK
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Dup8(v, OP_ColumnsUsed, pTabItem->iCursor, 0, 0,
                            (const u8*)&pTabItem->colUsed, P4_INT64);
#endif
    }else{
      sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, pTab->tnum, 0, pTab->zName);
    }
    if( pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_INDEXED ){
      Index *pIx = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex;
      int iIndexCur;
      int op = OP_OpenRead;
................................................................................
        if( (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_CONSTRAINT)!=0
         && (pLoop->wsFlags & (WHERE_COLUMN_RANGE|WHERE_SKIPSCAN))==0
         && (pWInfo->wctrlFlags&WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN)==0
        ){
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_SEEKEQ); /* Hint to COMDB2 */
        }
        VdbeComment((v, "%s", pIx->zName));
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_USED_MASK
        {
          u64 colUsed = 0;
          int ii, jj;
          for(ii=0; ii<pIx->nColumn; ii++){
            jj = pIx->aiColumn[ii];
            if( jj<0 ) continue;
            if( jj>63 ) jj = 63;
            if( (pTabItem->colUsed & MASKBIT(jj))==0 ) continue;
            colUsed |= ((u64)1)<<(ii<63 ? ii : 63);
          }
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Dup8(v, OP_ColumnsUsed, iIndexCur, 0, 0,
                                (u8*)&colUsed, P4_INT64);
        }
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_USED_MASK */
      }
    }
    if( iDb>=0 ) sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);

  }
  pWInfo->iTop = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
  if( db->mallocFailed ) goto whereBeginError;

  /* Generate the code to do the search.  Each iteration of the for
  ** loop below generates code for a single nested loop of the VM
  ** program.
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOMATIC_INDEX
    if( (pLevel->pWLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_AUTO_INDEX)!=0 ){
      constructAutomaticIndex(pParse, &pWInfo->sWC,
                &pTabList->a[pLevel->iFrom], notReady, pLevel);
      if( db->mallocFailed ) goto whereBeginError;
    }
#endif
    addrExplain = sqlite3WhereExplainOneScan(
        pParse, pTabList, pLevel, ii, pLevel->iFrom, wctrlFlags
    );
    pLevel->addrBody = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
    notReady = sqlite3WhereCodeOneLoopStart(pWInfo, ii, notReady);
    pWInfo->iContinue = pLevel->addrCont;
    if( (wsFlags&WHERE_MULTI_OR)==0 && (wctrlFlags&WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY)==0 ){
      sqlite3WhereAddScanStatus(v, pTabList, pLevel, addrExplain);
    }
  }

  /* Done. */
  VdbeModuleComment((v, "Begin WHERE-core"));
  return pWInfo;

................................................................................
    0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,  /* Cx */
    0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,  /* Dx */
    0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,  /* Ex */
    1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0,  /* Fx */
};
#define IdChar(C)  (((c=C)>=0x42 && sqlite3IsEbcdicIdChar[c-0x40]))
#endif

/* Make the IdChar function accessible from ctime.c */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_COMPILEOPTION_DIAGS
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IsIdChar(u8 c){ return IdChar(c); }
#endif


/*
** Return the length of the token that begins at z[0]. 
** Store the token type in *tokenType before returning.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3GetToken(const unsigned char *z, int *tokenType){
................................................................................
#if SQLITE_TEMP_STORE==1
  return ( db->temp_store==2 );
#endif
#if SQLITE_TEMP_STORE==2
  return ( db->temp_store!=1 );
#endif
#if SQLITE_TEMP_STORE==3
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(db);
  return 1;
#endif
#if SQLITE_TEMP_STORE<1 || SQLITE_TEMP_STORE>3
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(db);
  return 0;
#endif
}

/*
** Return UTF-8 encoded English language explanation of the most recent
** error.
................................................................................
}

/*
** Interface to the testing logic.
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_CDECL sqlite3_test_control(int op, ...){
  int rc = 0;
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(op);
#else
  va_list ap;
  va_start(ap, op);
  switch( op ){

    /*
    ** Save the current state of the PRNG.
    */
................................................................................
  int prevEscape = 0;     /* True if the previous character was uEsc */

  while( zPattern[iPattern]!=0 ){

    /* Read (and consume) the next character from the input pattern. */
    UChar32 uPattern;
    U8_NEXT_UNSAFE(zPattern, iPattern, uPattern);


    /* There are now 4 possibilities:
    **
    **     1. uPattern is an unescaped match-all character "%",
    **     2. uPattern is an unescaped match-one character "_",
    **     3. uPattern is an unescaped escape character, or
    **     4. uPattern is to be handled as an ordinary character
................................................................................
  UErrorCode status = U_ZERO_ERROR;
  const char *zLocale;      /* Locale identifier - (eg. "jp_JP") */
  const char *zName;        /* SQL Collation sequence name (eg. "japanese") */
  UCollator *pUCollator;    /* ICU library collation object */
  int rc;                   /* Return code from sqlite3_create_collation_x() */

  assert(nArg==2);
  (void)nArg; /* Unused parameter */
  zLocale = (const char *)sqlite3_value_text(apArg[0]);
  zName = (const char *)sqlite3_value_text(apArg[1]);

  if( !zLocale || !zName ){
    return;
  }

................................................................................
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** The set of routines that implement the simple tokenizer
*/
static const sqlite3_tokenizer_module icuTokenizerModule = {
  0,                           /* iVersion    */
  icuCreate,                   /* xCreate     */
  icuDestroy,                  /* xCreate     */
  icuOpen,                     /* xOpen       */
  icuClose,                    /* xClose      */
  icuNext,                     /* xNext       */
  0,                           /* xLanguageid */
};

/*
** Set *ppModule to point at the implementation of the ICU tokenizer.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Fts3IcuTokenizerModule(
  sqlite3_tokenizer_module const**ppModule

Changes to SQLite.Interop/src/core/sqlite3.h.

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...
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** "experimental".  Experimental interfaces are normally new
** features recently added to SQLite.  We do not anticipate changes
** to experimental interfaces but reserve the right to make minor changes
** if experience from use "in the wild" suggest such changes are prudent.
**
** The official C-language API documentation for SQLite is derived
** from comments in this file.  This file is the authoritative source
** on how SQLite interfaces are suppose to operate.
**
** The name of this file under configuration management is "sqlite.h.in".
** The makefile makes some minor changes to this file (such as inserting
** the version number) and changes its name to "sqlite3.h" as
** part of the build process.
*/
#ifndef _SQLITE3_H_
................................................................................
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.8.11"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3008011
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2015-05-30 22:05:17 73fc058b3a74c1b018cff990de793f19a602c12f"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros







|







 







|







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33
...
109
110
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** "experimental".  Experimental interfaces are normally new
** features recently added to SQLite.  We do not anticipate changes
** to experimental interfaces but reserve the right to make minor changes
** if experience from use "in the wild" suggest such changes are prudent.
**
** The official C-language API documentation for SQLite is derived
** from comments in this file.  This file is the authoritative source
** on how SQLite interfaces are supposed to operate.
**
** The name of this file under configuration management is "sqlite.h.in".
** The makefile makes some minor changes to this file (such as inserting
** the version number) and changes its name to "sqlite3.h" as
** part of the build process.
*/
#ifndef _SQLITE3_H_
................................................................................
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.8.11"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3008011
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2015-06-26 02:41:31 015302f15e46a087ec92f3644c6741600dbf4306"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros

Changes to SQLite.Interop/src/core/sqlite3ext.h.

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  void *(*realloc64)(void*,sqlite3_uint64);
  void (*reset_auto_extension)(void);
  void (*result_blob64)(sqlite3_context*,const void*,sqlite3_uint64,
                        void(*)(void*));
  void (*result_text64)(sqlite3_context*,const char*,sqlite3_uint64,
                         void(*)(void*), unsigned char);
  int (*strglob)(const char*,const char*);

  sqlite3_value (*value_dup)(const sqlite3_value*);
  void (*value_free)(sqlite3_value*);
};

/*
** The following macros redefine the API routines so that they are
** redirected through the global sqlite3_api structure.
**







>
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  void *(*realloc64)(void*,sqlite3_uint64);
  void (*reset_auto_extension)(void);
  void (*result_blob64)(sqlite3_context*,const void*,sqlite3_uint64,
                        void(*)(void*));
  void (*result_text64)(sqlite3_context*,const char*,sqlite3_uint64,
                         void(*)(void*), unsigned char);
  int (*strglob)(const char*,const char*);
  /* Version 3.8.11 and later */
  sqlite3_value *(*value_dup)(const sqlite3_value*);
  void (*value_free)(sqlite3_value*);
};

/*
** The following macros redefine the API routines so that they are
** redirected through the global sqlite3_api structure.
**