System.Data.SQLite
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Overview
Comment:Update internal SQLite engine to 3.7.4. Update SDS version to 1.0.67.0.
Downloads: Tarball | ZIP archive | SQL archive
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | vs2010
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA1: 8a92ed133dfa843b522caab6ef9fcb710ea29ba3
User & Date: shaneh 2011-01-04 20:46:12
Context
2011-01-04
21:55
Merge the VS2010 updates into trunk. check-in: b6e6cd73f6 user: drh tags: trunk
20:46
Update internal SQLite engine to 3.7.4. Update SDS version to 1.0.67.0. Closed-Leaf check-in: 8a92ed133d user: shaneh tags: vs2010
2010-12-20
18:34
Another missing project file. check-in: eb30ee2240 user: shaneh tags: vs2010
Changes
Hide Diffs Unified Diffs Ignore Whitespace Patch

Changes to Doc/Extra/dbfactorysupport.html.

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<configuration>
  <system.data>
    <DbProviderFactories>
      <remove invariant="System.Data.SQLite"/>
      <add name="SQLite Data Provider" invariant="System.Data.SQLite" 
           description=".Net Framework Data Provider for SQLite"
           type="System.Data.SQLite.SQLiteFactory, System.Data.SQLite,
                 Version=1.0.66.0, Culture=neutral,
                 PublicKeyToken=db937bc2d44ff139"/>
    </DbProviderFactories>
  </system.data>
</configuration>
</pre>
      </div>
      <p>







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&lt;configuration&gt;
  &lt;system.data&gt;
    &lt;DbProviderFactories&gt;
      &lt;remove invariant="System.Data.SQLite"/&gt;
      &lt;add name="SQLite Data Provider" invariant="System.Data.SQLite" 
           description=".Net Framework Data Provider for SQLite"
           type="System.Data.SQLite.SQLiteFactory, System.Data.SQLite,
                 Version=1.0.67.0, Culture=neutral,
                 PublicKeyToken=db937bc2d44ff139"/&gt;
    &lt;/DbProviderFactories&gt;
  &lt;/system.data&gt;
&lt;/configuration&gt;
</pre>
      </div>
      <p>

Changes to Doc/Extra/version.html.

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          </td>
        </tr>
      </table>
    </div>
    <div id="mainSection">
    <div id="mainBody">
    <h1 class="heading">Version History</h1>













    <p><b>1.0.66.0 - April 18, 2010</b></p>
    <ul>
      <li>Code merge with SQLite 3.6.23.1</li>
      <li>Fixed a bug in the installer that accidentally modified the machine.config on .NET versions prior to 2.0, invaliding the config file.</li>
      <li>Fixed INTERSECT and EXCEPT union query generation in EF</li>
      <li>Fixed an out of memory error in the trigger designer in cases where a WHEN clause is used in the trigger</li>
    </ul>







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          </td>
        </tr>
      </table>
    </div>
    <div id="mainSection">
    <div id="mainBody">
    <h1 class="heading">Version History</h1>
    <p><b>1.0.67.0 - January 3, 2011</b></p>
    <ul>
      <li>Code merge with SQLite 3.7.4</li>
      <li>Continuing work on supporting Visual Studio 2010</li>
    </ul>
    <p><b>1.0.66.1 - August 1, 2010</b></p>
    <ul>
      <li>Code merge with SQLite 3.7.0.1</li>
      <li>Re-enabled VS2005 designer support, broken in previous versions during the 2008 transition</li>
      <li>Implemented new forms of Take/Skip in the EF framework courtesy jlsantiago</li>
      <li>Added "Foreign Keys" to the connection string parameters</li>
      <li>Added the Truncate option to the Journal Modes enumeration</li>
    </ul>
    <p><b>1.0.66.0 - April 18, 2010</b></p>
    <ul>
      <li>Code merge with SQLite 3.6.23.1</li>
      <li>Fixed a bug in the installer that accidentally modified the machine.config on .NET versions prior to 2.0, invaliding the config file.</li>
      <li>Fixed INTERSECT and EXCEPT union query generation in EF</li>
      <li>Fixed an out of memory error in the trigger designer in cases where a WHEN clause is used in the trigger</li>
    </ul>

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/* fts2 has a design flaw which can lead to database corruption (see
** below).  It is recommended not to use it any longer, instead use
** fts3 (or higher).  If you believe that your use of fts2 is safe,
** add -DSQLITE_ENABLE_BROKEN_FTS2=1 to your CFLAGS.
*/

#ifndef SQLITE_ENABLE_BROKEN_FTS2
#error fts2 has a design flaw and has been deprecated.
#endif
/* The flaw is that fts2 uses the content table's unaliased rowid as
** the unique docid.  fts2 embeds the rowid in the index it builds,
** and expects the rowid to not change.  The SQLite VACUUM operation
** will renumber such rowids, thereby breaking fts2.  If you are using
** fts2 in a system which has disabled VACUUM, then you can continue
................................................................................
**
** This appears to have only a moderate impact on queries for very
** frequent terms (which are somewhat dominated by segment merge
** costs), and infrequent and non-existent terms still seem to be fast
** even with many segments.
**
** TODO(shess) That said, it would be nice to have a better query-side
** argument for MERGE_COUNT of 16.  Also, it's possible/likely that
** optimizations to things like doclist merging will swing the sweet
** spot around.
**
**
**
**** Handling of deletions and updates ****
** Since we're using a segmented structure, with no docid-oriented
................................................................................
# define SQLITE_CORE 1
#endif

#include <assert.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <ctype.h>

#include "fts2.h"
#include "fts2_hash.h"
#include "fts2_tokenizer.h"
#include "sqlite3.h"
#include "sqlite3ext.h"
SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT1

................................................................................
*/
/* TODO(shess) The snippet-generation code should be using the
** tokenizer-generated tokens rather than doing its own local
** tokenization.
*/
/* TODO(shess) Is __isascii() a portable version of (c&0x80)==0? */
static int safe_isspace(char c){
  return (c&0x80)==0 ? isspace(c) : 0;
}
static int safe_tolower(char c){
  return (c&0x80)==0 ? tolower(c) : c;
}
static int safe_isalnum(char c){
  return (c&0x80)==0 ? isalnum(c) : 0;
}

typedef enum DocListType {
  DL_DOCIDS,              /* docids only */
  DL_POSITIONS,           /* docids + positions */
  DL_POSITIONS_OFFSETS    /* docids + positions + offsets */
} DocListType;
................................................................................
/* DataBuffer is used to collect data into a buffer in piecemeal
** fashion.  It implements the usual distinction between amount of
** data currently stored (nData) and buffer capacity (nCapacity).
**
** dataBufferInit - create a buffer with given initial capacity.
** dataBufferReset - forget buffer's data, retaining capacity.
** dataBufferDestroy - free buffer's data.

** dataBufferExpand - expand capacity without adding data.
** dataBufferAppend - append data.
** dataBufferAppend2 - append two pieces of data at once.
** dataBufferReplace - replace buffer's data.
*/
typedef struct DataBuffer {
  char *pData;          /* Pointer to malloc'ed buffer. */
................................................................................
  int nData;            /* End of data loaded into pData. */
} DataBuffer;

static void dataBufferInit(DataBuffer *pBuffer, int nCapacity){
  assert( nCapacity>=0 );
  pBuffer->nData = 0;
  pBuffer->nCapacity = nCapacity;
  pBuffer->pData = nCapacity==0 ? NULL : malloc(nCapacity);
}
static void dataBufferReset(DataBuffer *pBuffer){
  pBuffer->nData = 0;
}
static void dataBufferDestroy(DataBuffer *pBuffer){
  if( pBuffer->pData!=NULL ) free(pBuffer->pData);
  SCRAMBLE(pBuffer);





}
static void dataBufferExpand(DataBuffer *pBuffer, int nAddCapacity){
  assert( nAddCapacity>0 );
  /* TODO(shess) Consider expanding more aggressively.  Note that the
  ** underlying malloc implementation may take care of such things for
  ** us already.
  */
  if( pBuffer->nData+nAddCapacity>pBuffer->nCapacity ){
    pBuffer->nCapacity = pBuffer->nData+nAddCapacity;
    pBuffer->pData = realloc(pBuffer->pData, pBuffer->nCapacity);
  }
}
static void dataBufferAppend(DataBuffer *pBuffer,
                             const char *pSource, int nSource){
  assert( nSource>0 && pSource!=NULL );
  dataBufferExpand(pBuffer, nSource);
  memcpy(pBuffer->pData+pBuffer->nData, pSource, nSource);
................................................................................
}
static void dlrDestroy(DLReader *pReader){
  SCRAMBLE(pReader);
}

#ifndef NDEBUG
/* Verify that the doclist can be validly decoded.  Also returns the
** last docid found because it's convenient in other assertions for
** DLWriter.
*/
static void docListValidate(DocListType iType, const char *pData, int nData,
                            sqlite_int64 *pLastDocid){
  sqlite_int64 iPrevDocid = 0;
  assert( nData>0 );
  assert( pData!=0 );
................................................................................
  DLWriter dlw;
  PLWriter plw;
} DLCollector;

/* TODO(shess) This could also be done by calling plwTerminate() and
** dataBufferAppend().  I tried that, expecting nominal performance
** differences, but it seemed to pretty reliably be worth 1% to code
** it this way.  I suspect it's the incremental malloc overhead (some
** percentage of the plwTerminate() calls will cause a realloc), so
** this might be worth revisiting if the DataBuffer implementation
** changes.
*/
static void dlcAddDoclist(DLCollector *pCollector, DataBuffer *b){
  if( pCollector->dlw.iType>DL_DOCIDS ){
    char c[VARINT_MAX];
................................................................................
}
static void dlcAddPos(DLCollector *pCollector, int iColumn, int iPos,
                      int iStartOffset, int iEndOffset){
  plwAdd(&pCollector->plw, iColumn, iPos, iStartOffset, iEndOffset);
}

static DLCollector *dlcNew(sqlite_int64 iDocid, DocListType iType){
  DLCollector *pCollector = malloc(sizeof(DLCollector));
  dataBufferInit(&pCollector->b, 0);
  dlwInit(&pCollector->dlw, iType, &pCollector->b);
  plwInit(&pCollector->plw, &pCollector->dlw, iDocid);
  return pCollector;
}
static void dlcDelete(DLCollector *pCollector){
  plwDestroy(&pCollector->plw);
  dlwDestroy(&pCollector->dlw);
  dataBufferDestroy(&pCollector->b);
  SCRAMBLE(pCollector);
  free(pCollector);
}


/* Copy the doclist data of iType in pData/nData into *out, trimming
** unnecessary data as we go.  Only columns matching iColumn are
** copied, all columns copied if iColumn is -1.  Elements with no
** matching columns are dropped.  The output is an iOutType doclist.
................................................................................
  const char *pRight, int nRight,
  DataBuffer *pOut      /* Write the combined doclist here */
){
  DLReader left, right;
  DLWriter writer;

  if( nLeft==0 ){
    dataBufferAppend(pOut, pRight, nRight);
    return;
  }
  if( nRight==0 ){
    dataBufferAppend(pOut, pLeft, nLeft);
    return;
  }

................................................................................
  const char *pRight, int nRight,
  DataBuffer *pOut      /* Write the combined doclist here */
){
  DLReader left, right;
  DLWriter writer;

  if( nLeft==0 ){
    dataBufferAppend(pOut, pRight, nRight);
    return;
  }
  if( nRight==0 ){
    dataBufferAppend(pOut, pLeft, nLeft);
    return;
  }

................................................................................

  dlrDestroy(&left);
  dlrDestroy(&right);
  dlwDestroy(&writer);
}

static char *string_dup_n(const char *s, int n){
  char *str = malloc(n + 1);
  memcpy(str, s, n);
  str[n] = '\0';
  return str;
}

/* Duplicate a string; the caller must free() the returned string.
 * (We don't use strdup() since it's not part of the standard C library and
 * may not be available everywhere.) */
static char *string_dup(const char *s){
  return string_dup_n(s, strlen(s));
}

/* Format a string, replacing each occurrence of the % character with
 * zDb.zName.  This may be more convenient than sqlite_mprintf()
................................................................................

  /* first compute length needed */
  for(p = zFormat ; *p ; ++p){
    len += (*p=='%' ? nFullTableName : 1);
  }
  len += 1;  /* for null terminator */

  r = result = malloc(len);
  for(p = zFormat; *p; ++p){
    if( *p=='%' ){
      memcpy(r, zDb, nDb);
      r += nDb;
      *r++ = '.';
      memcpy(r, zName, nName);
      r += nName;
................................................................................

static int sql_exec(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDb, const char *zName,
                    const char *zFormat){
  char *zCommand = string_format(zFormat, zDb, zName);
  int rc;
  TRACE(("FTS2 sql: %s\n", zCommand));
  rc = sqlite3_exec(db, zCommand, NULL, 0, NULL);
  free(zCommand);
  return rc;
}

static int sql_prepare(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDb, const char *zName,
                       sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt, const char *zFormat){
  char *zCommand = string_format(zFormat, zDb, zName);
  int rc;
  TRACE(("FTS2 prepare: %s\n", zCommand));
  rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(db, zCommand, -1, ppStmt, NULL);
  free(zCommand);
  return rc;
}

/* end utility functions */

/* Forward reference */
typedef struct fulltext_vtab fulltext_vtab;
................................................................................
} QueryType;

typedef enum fulltext_statement {
  CONTENT_INSERT_STMT,
  CONTENT_SELECT_STMT,
  CONTENT_UPDATE_STMT,
  CONTENT_DELETE_STMT,


  BLOCK_INSERT_STMT,
  BLOCK_SELECT_STMT,
  BLOCK_DELETE_STMT,


  SEGDIR_MAX_INDEX_STMT,
  SEGDIR_SET_STMT,
  SEGDIR_SELECT_STMT,
  SEGDIR_SPAN_STMT,
  SEGDIR_DELETE_STMT,

  SEGDIR_SELECT_ALL_STMT,



  MAX_STMT                     /* Always at end! */
} fulltext_statement;

/* These must exactly match the enum above. */
/* TODO(shess): Is there some risk that a statement will be used in two
** cursors at once, e.g.  if a query joins a virtual table to itself?
................................................................................
** If so perhaps we should move some of these to the cursor object.
*/
static const char *const fulltext_zStatement[MAX_STMT] = {
  /* CONTENT_INSERT */ NULL,  /* generated in contentInsertStatement() */
  /* CONTENT_SELECT */ "select * from %_content where rowid = ?",
  /* CONTENT_UPDATE */ NULL,  /* generated in contentUpdateStatement() */
  /* CONTENT_DELETE */ "delete from %_content where rowid = ?",


  /* BLOCK_INSERT */ "insert into %_segments values (?)",
  /* BLOCK_SELECT */ "select block from %_segments where rowid = ?",
  /* BLOCK_DELETE */ "delete from %_segments where rowid between ? and ?",


  /* SEGDIR_MAX_INDEX */ "select max(idx) from %_segdir where level = ?",
  /* SEGDIR_SET */ "insert into %_segdir values (?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?)",
  /* SEGDIR_SELECT */
  "select start_block, leaves_end_block, root from %_segdir "
  " where level = ? order by idx",
  /* SEGDIR_SPAN */
  "select min(start_block), max(end_block) from %_segdir "
  " where level = ? and start_block <> 0",
  /* SEGDIR_DELETE */ "delete from %_segdir where level = ?",







  /* SEGDIR_SELECT_ALL */

  "select root, leaves_end_block from %_segdir order by level desc, idx",


};

/*
** A connection to a fulltext index is an instance of the following
** structure.  The xCreate and xConnect methods create an instance
** of this structure and xDestroy and xDisconnect free that instance.
** All other methods receive a pointer to the structure as one of their
................................................................................
      case CONTENT_UPDATE_STMT:
        zStmt = contentUpdateStatement(v); break;
      default:
        zStmt = fulltext_zStatement[iStmt];
    }
    rc = sql_prepare(v->db, v->zDb, v->zName, &v->pFulltextStatements[iStmt],
                         zStmt);
    if( zStmt != fulltext_zStatement[iStmt]) free((void *) zStmt);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  } else {
    int rc = sqlite3_reset(v->pFulltextStatements[iStmt]);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  }

  *ppStmt = v->pFulltextStatements[iStmt];
................................................................................
*/
static int sql_single_step(sqlite3_stmt *s){
  int rc = sqlite3_step(s);
  return (rc==SQLITE_DONE) ? SQLITE_OK : rc;
}

/* Like sql_get_statement(), but for special replicated LEAF_SELECT
** statements.

*/
/* TODO(shess) Write version for generic statements and then share
** that between the cached-statement functions.
*/
static int sql_get_leaf_statement(fulltext_vtab *v, int idx,
                                  sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt){
  assert( idx>=0 && idx<MERGE_COUNT );


  if( v->pLeafSelectStmts[idx]==NULL ){
    int rc = sql_prepare(v->db, v->zDb, v->zName, &v->pLeafSelectStmts[idx],
                         LEAF_SELECT);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  }else{
    int rc = sqlite3_reset(v->pLeafSelectStmts[idx]);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  }
................................................................................
  return sql_single_step(s);
}

static void freeStringArray(int nString, const char **pString){
  int i;

  for (i=0 ; i < nString ; ++i) {
    if( pString[i]!=NULL ) free((void *) pString[i]);
  }
  free((void *) pString);
}

/* select * from %_content where rowid = [iRow]
 * The caller must delete the returned array and all strings in it.
 * null fields will be NULL in the returned array.
 *
 * TODO: Perhaps we should return pointer/length strings here for consistency
................................................................................

  rc = sqlite3_bind_int64(s, 1, iRow);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  rc = sqlite3_step(s);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_ROW ) return rc;

  values = (const char **) malloc(v->nColumn * sizeof(const char *));
  for(i=0; i<v->nColumn; ++i){
    if( sqlite3_column_type(s, i)==SQLITE_NULL ){
      values[i] = NULL;
    }else{
      values[i] = string_dup((char*)sqlite3_column_text(s, i));
    }
  }
................................................................................
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  rc = sqlite3_bind_int64(s, 1, iRow);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  return sql_single_step(s);
}




















/* insert into %_segments values ([pData])
**   returns assigned rowid in *piBlockid
*/
static int block_insert(fulltext_vtab *v, const char *pData, int nData,
                        sqlite_int64 *piBlockid){
  sqlite3_stmt *s;
................................................................................
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  rc = sqlite3_bind_int64(s, 1, iLevel);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  return sql_single_step(s);
}

















































/* TODO(shess) clearPendingTerms() is far down the file because
** writeZeroSegment() is far down the file because LeafWriter is far
** down the file.  Consider refactoring the code to move the non-vtab
** code above the vtab code so that we don't need this forward
** reference.
*/
................................................................................
  if( v->pTokenizer!=NULL ){
    v->pTokenizer->pModule->xDestroy(v->pTokenizer);
    v->pTokenizer = NULL;
  }

  clearPendingTerms(v);

  free(v->azColumn);
  for(i = 0; i < v->nColumn; ++i) {
    sqlite3_free(v->azContentColumn[i]);
  }
  free(v->azContentColumn);
  free(v);
}

/*
** Token types for parsing the arguments to xConnect or xCreate.
*/
#define TOKEN_EOF         0    /* End of file */
#define TOKEN_SPACE       1    /* Any kind of whitespace */
................................................................................
** Space to hold the returned array is obtained from a single
** malloc and should be freed by passing the return value to free().
** The individual strings within the token list are all a part of
** the single memory allocation and will all be freed at once.
*/
static char **tokenizeString(const char *z, int *pnToken){
  int nToken = 0;
  Token *aToken = malloc( strlen(z) * sizeof(aToken[0]) );
  int n = 1;
  int e, i;
  int totalSize = 0;
  char **azToken;
  char *zCopy;
  while( n>0 ){
    n = getToken(z, &e);
................................................................................
      aToken[nToken].z = z;
      aToken[nToken].n = n;
      nToken++;
      totalSize += n+1;
    }
    z += n;
  }
  azToken = (char**)malloc( nToken*sizeof(char*) + totalSize );
  zCopy = (char*)&azToken[nToken];
  nToken--;
  for(i=0; i<nToken; i++){
    azToken[i] = zCopy;
    n = aToken[i].n;
    memcpy(zCopy, aToken[i].z, n);
    zCopy[n] = 0;
    zCopy += n+1;
  }
  azToken[nToken] = 0;
  free(aToken);
  *pnToken = nToken;
  return azToken;
}

/*
** Convert an SQL-style quoted string into a normal string by removing
** the quote characters.  The conversion is done in-place.  If the
................................................................................
  char **azTokenizer;      /* Name of tokenizer and its arguments */
} TableSpec;

/*
** Reclaim all of the memory used by a TableSpec
*/
static void clearTableSpec(TableSpec *p) {
  free(p->azColumn);
  free(p->azContentColumn);
  free(p->azTokenizer);
}

/* Parse a CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE statement, which looks like this:
 *
 * CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE email
 *        USING fts2(subject, body, tokenize mytokenizer(myarg))
 *
................................................................................
  ** The argv[][] array is read-only and transient.  We can write to the
  ** copy in order to modify things and the copy is persistent.
  */
  CLEAR(pSpec);
  for(i=n=0; i<argc; i++){
    n += strlen(argv[i]) + 1;
  }
  azArg = malloc( sizeof(char*)*argc + n );
  if( azArg==0 ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  z = (char*)&azArg[argc];
  for(i=0; i<argc; i++){
    azArg[i] = z;
    strcpy(z, argv[i]);
................................................................................
  ** converted to "_".  The cNN prefix guarantees that all column
  ** names are unique.
  **
  ** The AAAA suffix is not strictly necessary.  It is included
  ** for the convenience of people who might examine the generated
  ** %_content table and wonder what the columns are used for.
  */
  pSpec->azContentColumn = malloc( pSpec->nColumn * sizeof(char *) );
  if( pSpec->azContentColumn==0 ){
    clearTableSpec(pSpec);
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  for(i=0; i<pSpec->nColumn; i++){
    char *p;
    pSpec->azContentColumn[i] = sqlite3_mprintf("c%d%s", i, azArg[i]);
................................................................................
  fulltext_vtab *v = 0;
  const sqlite3_tokenizer_module *m = NULL;
  char *schema;

  char const *zTok;         /* Name of tokenizer to use for this fts table */
  int nTok;                 /* Length of zTok, including nul terminator */

  v = (fulltext_vtab *) malloc(sizeof(fulltext_vtab));
  if( v==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  CLEAR(v);
  /* sqlite will initialize v->base */
  v->db = db;
  v->zDb = spec->zDb;       /* Freed when azColumn is freed */
  v->zName = spec->zName;   /* Freed when azColumn is freed */
  v->nColumn = spec->nColumn;
................................................................................
  fulltext_vtab_destroy((fulltext_vtab *)pVTab);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

static int fulltextOpen(sqlite3_vtab *pVTab, sqlite3_vtab_cursor **ppCursor){
  fulltext_cursor *c;

  c = (fulltext_cursor *) calloc(sizeof(fulltext_cursor), 1);


  /* sqlite will initialize c->base */
  *ppCursor = &c->base;
  TRACE(("FTS2 Open %p: %p\n", pVTab, c));

  return SQLITE_OK;



}


/* Free all of the dynamically allocated memory held by *q
*/
static void queryClear(Query *q){
  int i;
  for(i = 0; i < q->nTerms; ++i){
    free(q->pTerms[i].pTerm);
  }
  free(q->pTerms);
  CLEAR(q);
}

/* Free all of the dynamically allocated memory held by the
** Snippet
*/
static void snippetClear(Snippet *p){
  free(p->aMatch);
  free(p->zOffset);
  free(p->zSnippet);
  CLEAR(p);
}
/*
** Append a single entry to the p->aMatch[] log.
*/
static void snippetAppendMatch(
  Snippet *p,               /* Append the entry to this snippet */
................................................................................
  int iCol, int iTerm,      /* The column and query term */
  int iStart, int nByte     /* Offset and size of the match */
){
  int i;
  struct snippetMatch *pMatch;
  if( p->nMatch+1>=p->nAlloc ){
    p->nAlloc = p->nAlloc*2 + 10;
    p->aMatch = realloc(p->aMatch, p->nAlloc*sizeof(p->aMatch[0]) );
    if( p->aMatch==0 ){
      p->nMatch = 0;
      p->nAlloc = 0;
      return;
    }
  }
  i = p->nMatch++;
................................................................................
  StringBuffer sb;
  char zBuf[200];
  if( p->zOffset ) return;
  initStringBuffer(&sb);
  for(i=0; i<p->nMatch; i++){
    struct snippetMatch *pMatch = &p->aMatch[i];
    zBuf[0] = ' ';
    sprintf(&zBuf[cnt>0], "%d %d %d %d", pMatch->iCol,
        pMatch->iTerm, pMatch->iStart, pMatch->nByte);
    append(&sb, zBuf);
    cnt++;
  }
  p->zOffset = stringBufferData(&sb);
  p->nOffset = stringBufferLength(&sb);
}

................................................................................
  int nDoc;
  const char *zDoc;
  int iStart, iEnd;
  int tailEllipsis = 0;
  int iMatch;
  

  free(pCursor->snippet.zSnippet);
  pCursor->snippet.zSnippet = 0;
  aMatch = pCursor->snippet.aMatch;
  nMatch = pCursor->snippet.nMatch;
  initStringBuffer(&sb);

  for(i=0; i<nMatch; i++){
    aMatch[i].snStatus = SNIPPET_IGNORE;
................................................................................
  fulltext_cursor *c = (fulltext_cursor *) pCursor;
  TRACE(("FTS2 Close %p\n", c));
  sqlite3_finalize(c->pStmt);
  queryClear(&c->q);
  snippetClear(&c->snippet);
  if( c->result.nData!=0 ) dlrDestroy(&c->reader);
  dataBufferDestroy(&c->result);
  free(c);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

static int fulltextNext(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pCursor){
  fulltext_cursor *c = (fulltext_cursor *) pCursor;
  int rc;

................................................................................
}

/* Add a new term pTerm[0..nTerm-1] to the query *q.
*/
static void queryAdd(Query *q, const char *pTerm, int nTerm){
  QueryTerm *t;
  ++q->nTerms;
  q->pTerms = realloc(q->pTerms, q->nTerms * sizeof(q->pTerms[0]));
  if( q->pTerms==0 ){
    q->nTerms = 0;
    return;
  }
  t = &q->pTerms[q->nTerms - 1];
  CLEAR(t);
  t->pTerm = malloc(nTerm+1);
  memcpy(t->pTerm, pTerm, nTerm);
  t->pTerm[nTerm] = 0;
  t->nTerm = nTerm;
  t->isOr = q->nextIsOr;
  t->isPrefix = 0;
  q->nextIsOr = 0;
  t->iColumn = q->nextColumn;
................................................................................
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pCursor,     /* The cursor used for this query */
  int idxNum, const char *idxStr,   /* Which indexing scheme to use */
  int argc, sqlite3_value **argv    /* Arguments for the indexing scheme */
){
  fulltext_cursor *c = (fulltext_cursor *) pCursor;
  fulltext_vtab *v = cursor_vtab(c);
  int rc;
  char *zSql;

  TRACE(("FTS2 Filter %p\n",pCursor));



















  zSql = sqlite3_mprintf("select rowid, * from %%_content %s",
                          idxNum==QUERY_GENERIC ? "" : "where rowid=?");
  sqlite3_finalize(c->pStmt);
  rc = sql_prepare(v->db, v->zDb, v->zName, &c->pStmt, zSql);
  sqlite3_free(zSql);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  c->iCursorType = idxNum;





  switch( idxNum ){
    case QUERY_GENERIC:
      break;

    case QUERY_ROWID:
      rc = sqlite3_bind_int64(c->pStmt, 1, sqlite3_value_int64(argv[0]));
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
................................................................................
  int iStartOffset, iEndOffset, iPosition;
  int rc;

  rc = pTokenizer->pModule->xOpen(pTokenizer, zText, -1, &pCursor);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  pCursor->pTokenizer = pTokenizer;
  while( SQLITE_OK==pTokenizer->pModule->xNext(pCursor,
                                               &pToken, &nTokenBytes,
                                               &iStartOffset, &iEndOffset,
                                               &iPosition) ){
    DLCollector *p;
    int nData;                   /* Size of doclist before our update. */

    /* Positions can't be negative; we use -1 as a terminator internally. */

    if( iPosition<0 ){
      pTokenizer->pModule->xClose(pCursor);
      return SQLITE_ERROR;

    }

    p = fts2HashFind(&v->pendingTerms, pToken, nTokenBytes);
    if( p==NULL ){
      nData = 0;
      p = dlcNew(iDocid, DL_DEFAULT);
      fts2HashInsert(&v->pendingTerms, pToken, nTokenBytes, p);
................................................................................

  /* TODO(shess) Check return?  Should this be able to cause errors at
  ** this point?  Actually, same question about sqlite3_finalize(),
  ** though one could argue that failure there means that the data is
  ** not durable.  *ponder*
  */
  pTokenizer->pModule->xClose(pCursor);

  return rc;
}

/* Add doclists for all terms in [pValues] to pendingTerms table. */
static int insertTerms(fulltext_vtab *v, sqlite_int64 iRowid,
                       sqlite3_value **pValues){
  int i;
................................................................................
  DataBuffer term;           /* Leftmost term in block's subtree. */
  DataBuffer data;           /* Accumulated data for the block. */
  struct InteriorBlock *next;
} InteriorBlock;

static InteriorBlock *interiorBlockNew(int iHeight, sqlite_int64 iChildBlock,
                                       const char *pTerm, int nTerm){
  InteriorBlock *block = calloc(1, sizeof(InteriorBlock));
  char c[VARINT_MAX+VARINT_MAX];
  int n;



  dataBufferInit(&block->term, 0);
  dataBufferReplace(&block->term, pTerm, nTerm);

  n = putVarint(c, iHeight);
  n += putVarint(c+n, iChildBlock);
  dataBufferInit(&block->data, INTERIOR_MAX);
  dataBufferReplace(&block->data, c, n);

  return block;
}

#ifndef NDEBUG
/* Verify that the data is readable as an interior node. */
static void interiorBlockValidate(InteriorBlock *pBlock){
  const char *pData = pBlock->data.pData;
................................................................................
  InteriorBlock *block = pWriter->first;

  while( block!=NULL ){
    InteriorBlock *b = block;
    block = block->next;
    dataBufferDestroy(&b->term);
    dataBufferDestroy(&b->data);
    free(b);
  }
  if( pWriter->parentWriter!=NULL ){
    interiorWriterDestroy(pWriter->parentWriter);
    free(pWriter->parentWriter);
  }
  dataBufferDestroy(&pWriter->term);
  SCRAMBLE(pWriter);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* If pWriter can fit entirely in ROOT_MAX, return it as the root info
................................................................................
  ** interior node.
  */
  ASSERT_VALID_INTERIOR_BLOCK(block);
  rc = block_insert(v, block->data.pData, block->data.nData, &iBlockid);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  *piEndBlockid = iBlockid;

  pWriter->parentWriter = malloc(sizeof(*pWriter->parentWriter));
  interiorWriterInit(pWriter->iHeight+1,
                     block->term.pData, block->term.nData,
                     iBlockid, pWriter->parentWriter);

  /* Flush additional blocks and append to the higher interior
  ** node.
  */
................................................................................
** this case.  Probably a brittle assumption.
*/
static int leavesReaderReset(LeavesReader *pReader){
  return sqlite3_reset(pReader->pStmt);
}

static void leavesReaderDestroy(LeavesReader *pReader){






  leafReaderDestroy(&pReader->leafReader);
  dataBufferDestroy(&pReader->rootData);
  SCRAMBLE(pReader);
}

/* Initialize pReader with the given root data (if iStartBlockid==0
** the leaf data was entirely contained in the root), or from the
................................................................................
/* Initializes pReaders with the segments from level iLevel, returning
** the number of segments in *piReaders.  Leaves pReaders in sorted
** order.
*/
static int leavesReadersInit(fulltext_vtab *v, int iLevel,
                             LeavesReader *pReaders, int *piReaders){
  sqlite3_stmt *s;
  int i, rc = sql_get_statement(v, SEGDIR_SELECT_STMT, &s);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  rc = sqlite3_bind_int(s, 1, iLevel);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  i = 0;
  while( (rc = sqlite3_step(s))==SQLITE_ROW ){
................................................................................
 err:
  for(i=0; i<MERGE_COUNT; i++){
    leavesReaderDestroy(&lrs[i]);
  }
  leafWriterDestroy(&writer);
  return rc;
}





















/* Scan pReader for pTerm/nTerm, and merge the term's doclist over
** *out (any doclists with duplicate docids overwrite those in *out).
** Internal function for loadSegmentLeaf().
*/
static int loadSegmentLeavesInt(fulltext_vtab *v, LeavesReader *pReader,
                                const char *pTerm, int nTerm, int isPrefix,
                                DataBuffer *out){









  assert( nTerm>0 );

  /* Process while the prefix matches. */
  while( !leavesReaderAtEnd(pReader) ){

    /* TODO(shess) Really want leavesReaderTermCmp(), but that name is
    ** already taken to compare the terms of two LeavesReaders.  Think
    ** on a better name.  [Meanwhile, break encapsulation rather than
    ** use a confusing name.]
    */
    int rc;
    int c = leafReaderTermCmp(&pReader->leafReader, pTerm, nTerm, isPrefix);

    if( c==0 ){
      const char *pData = leavesReaderData(pReader);
      int nData = leavesReaderDataBytes(pReader);
      if( out->nData==0 ){



































        dataBufferReplace(out, pData, nData);
      }else{


        DataBuffer result;
        dataBufferInit(&result, out->nData+nData);
        docListUnion(out->pData, out->nData, pData, nData, &result);




        dataBufferDestroy(out);
        *out = result;
        /* TODO(shess) Rather than destroy out, we could retain it for
        ** later reuse.








        */





      }
    }
    if( c>0 ) break;      /* Past any possible matches. */

    rc = leavesReaderStep(v, pReader);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  }























  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* Call loadSegmentLeavesInt() with pData/nData as input. */
static int loadSegmentLeaf(fulltext_vtab *v, const char *pData, int nData,
                           const char *pTerm, int nTerm, int isPrefix,
                           DataBuffer *out){
  LeavesReader reader;
................................................................................
** interior node terms logically come between the blocks, so there is
** one more blockid than there are terms (that block contains terms >=
** the last interior-node term).
*/
/* TODO(shess) The calling code may already know that the end child is
** not worth calculating, because the end may be in a later sibling
** node.  Consider whether breaking symmetry is worthwhile.  I suspect
** it's not worthwhile.
*/
static void getChildrenContaining(const char *pData, int nData,
                                  const char *pTerm, int nTerm, int isPrefix,
                                  sqlite_int64 *piStartChild,
                                  sqlite_int64 *piEndChild){
  InteriorReader reader;

................................................................................

  dataBufferInit(&doclist, 0);

  /* Traverse the segments from oldest to newest so that newer doclist
  ** elements for given docids overwrite older elements.
  */
  while( (rc = sqlite3_step(s))==SQLITE_ROW ){
    const char *pData = sqlite3_column_blob(s, 0);
    const int nData = sqlite3_column_bytes(s, 0);
    const sqlite_int64 iLeavesEnd = sqlite3_column_int64(s, 1);
    rc = loadSegment(v, pData, nData, iLeavesEnd, pTerm, nTerm, isPrefix,
                     &doclist);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto err;
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_DONE ){
    if( doclist.nData!=0 ){
................................................................................
  DataBuffer dl;

  /* Determine the next index at level 0, merging as necessary. */
  rc = segdirNextIndex(v, 0, &idx);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  n = fts2HashCount(pTerms);
  pData = malloc(n*sizeof(TermData));

  for(i = 0, e = fts2HashFirst(pTerms); e; i++, e = fts2HashNext(e)){
    assert( i<n );
    pData[i].pTerm = fts2HashKey(e);
    pData[i].nTerm = fts2HashKeysize(e);
    pData[i].pCollector = fts2HashData(e);
  }
................................................................................
                        pData[i].pTerm, pData[i].nTerm, dl.pData, dl.nData);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto err;
  }
  rc = leafWriterFinalize(v, &writer);

 err:
  dataBufferDestroy(&dl);
  free(pData);
  leafWriterDestroy(&writer);
  return rc;
}

/* If pendingTerms has data, free it. */
static int clearPendingTerms(fulltext_vtab *v){
  if( v->nPendingData>=0 ){
................................................................................
    fts2HashInit(&v->pendingTerms, FTS2_HASH_STRING, 1);
    v->nPendingData = 0;
  }
  v->iPrevDocid = iDocid;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* This function implements the xUpdate callback; it's the top-level entry
 * point for inserting, deleting or updating a row in a full-text table. */
static int fulltextUpdate(sqlite3_vtab *pVtab, int nArg, sqlite3_value **ppArg,
                   sqlite_int64 *pRowid){
  fulltext_vtab *v = (fulltext_vtab *) pVtab;
  int rc;

  TRACE(("FTS2 Update %p\n", pVtab));

  if( nArg<2 ){
    rc = index_delete(v, sqlite3_value_int64(ppArg[0]));

















  } else if( sqlite3_value_type(ppArg[0]) != SQLITE_NULL ){
    /* An update:
     * ppArg[0] = old rowid
     * ppArg[1] = new rowid
     * ppArg[2..2+v->nColumn-1] = values
     * ppArg[2+v->nColumn] = value for magic column (we ignore this)
     */
................................................................................
    snippetOffsetText(&pCursor->snippet);
    sqlite3_result_text(pContext,
                        pCursor->snippet.zOffset, pCursor->snippet.nOffset,
                        SQLITE_STATIC);
  }
}




















































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































/*
** This routine implements the xFindFunction method for the FTS2
** virtual table.
*/
static int fulltextFindFunction(
  sqlite3_vtab *pVtab,
  int nArg,
................................................................................
){
  if( strcmp(zName,"snippet")==0 ){
    *pxFunc = snippetFunc;
    return 1;
  }else if( strcmp(zName,"offsets")==0 ){
    *pxFunc = snippetOffsetsFunc;
    return 1;

















  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** Rename an fts2 table.
*/
................................................................................
  ** the two scalar functions. If this is successful, register the
  ** module with sqlite.
  */
  if( SQLITE_OK==rc 
   && SQLITE_OK==(rc = sqlite3Fts2InitHashTable(db, pHash, "fts2_tokenizer"))
   && SQLITE_OK==(rc = sqlite3_overload_function(db, "snippet", -1))
   && SQLITE_OK==(rc = sqlite3_overload_function(db, "offsets", -1))





  ){
    return sqlite3_create_module_v2(
        db, "fts2", &fts2Module, (void *)pHash, hashDestroy
    );
  }

  /* An error has occured. Delete the hash table and return the error code. */
  assert( rc!=SQLITE_OK );
  if( pHash ){
    sqlite3Fts2HashClear(pHash);
    sqlite3_free(pHash);
  }
  return rc;
}





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1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
...
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
...
302
303
304
305
306
307
308


309
310
311
312
313
314
315
...
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
...
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
...
465
466
467
468
469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499
500
501
...
694
695
696
697
698
699
700
701
702
703
704
705
706
707
708
....
1057
1058
1059
1060
1061
1062
1063
1064
1065
1066
1067
1068
1069
1070
1071
....
1082
1083
1084
1085
1086
1087
1088
1089
1090
1091
1092
1093
1094
1095
1096
1097
1098
1099
1100
1101
1102
1103
1104
1105
1106
1107
....
1352
1353
1354
1355
1356
1357
1358
1359
1360
1361
1362
1363
1364
1365
1366
....
1533
1534
1535
1536
1537
1538
1539
1540
1541
1542
1543
1544
1545
1546
1547
....
1608
1609
1610
1611
1612
1613
1614
1615
1616
1617
1618
1619
1620
1621
1622
1623
1624
1625
1626
1627
1628
1629
....
1641
1642
1643
1644
1645
1646
1647
1648
1649
1650
1651
1652
1653
1654
1655
....
1664
1665
1666
1667
1668
1669
1670
1671
1672
1673
1674
1675
1676
1677
1678
1679
1680
1681
1682
1683
1684
1685
1686
1687
1688
....
1768
1769
1770
1771
1772
1773
1774
1775
1776
1777
1778
1779
1780
1781
1782
1783
1784
1785
1786
1787
1788
1789
1790
1791
1792
1793
1794
1795
1796
1797
....
1798
1799
1800
1801
1802
1803
1804
1805
1806
1807
1808
1809
1810
1811
1812
1813
1814
1815
1816
1817
1818
1819
1820
1821
1822
1823
1824
1825
1826
1827
1828
1829
1830
1831
1832
1833
1834
1835
1836
1837
1838
1839
....
1955
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
....
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
....
2043
2044
2045
2046
2047
2048
2049
2050
2051
2052
2053
2054
2055
2056
2057
2058
2059
....
2072
2073
2074
2075
2076
2077
2078
2079
2080
2081
2082
2083
2084
2085
2086
....
2104
2105
2106
2107
2108
2109
2110
2111
2112
2113
2114
2115
2116
2117
2118
2119
2120
2121
2122
2123
2124
2125
2126
2127
2128
2129
2130
2131
2132
2133
2134
2135
2136
....
2296
2297
2298
2299
2300
2301
2302
2303
2304
2305
2306
2307
2308
2309
2310
2311
2312
2313
2314
2315
2316
2317
2318
2319
2320
2321
2322
2323
2324
2325
2326
2327
2328
2329
2330
2331
2332
2333
2334
2335
2336
2337
2338
2339
2340
2341
2342
2343
2344
2345
2346
2347
2348
2349
2350
2351
2352
2353
2354
2355
2356
2357
....
2381
2382
2383
2384
2385
2386
2387
2388
2389
2390
2391
2392
2393
2394
2395
2396
2397
2398
2399
2400
....
2497
2498
2499
2500
2501
2502
2503
2504
2505
2506
2507
2508
2509
2510
2511
....
2513
2514
2515
2516
2517
2518
2519
2520
2521
2522
2523
2524
2525
2526
2527
2528
2529
2530
2531
2532
2533
2534
2535
2536
2537
2538
....
2662
2663
2664
2665
2666
2667
2668
2669
2670
2671
2672
2673
2674
2675
2676
2677
2678
....
2699
2700
2701
2702
2703
2704
2705
2706
2707
2708
2709
2710
2711
2712
2713
....
2744
2745
2746
2747
2748
2749
2750
2751
2752
2753
2754
2755
2756
2757
2758
....
2813
2814
2815
2816
2817
2818
2819
2820
2821
2822
2823
2824
2825
2826
2827
....
3000
3001
3002
3003
3004
3005
3006
3007
3008
3009
3010
3011
3012

3013
3014
3015
3016
3017
3018
3019
3020
3021
3022
3023
3024
3025
3026
3027
3028
3029
3030
3031
3032
3033
3034
3035
3036
3037
3038
3039
3040
3041
3042
3043
3044
....
3045
3046
3047
3048
3049
3050
3051
3052
3053
3054
3055
3056
3057
3058
3059
....
3186
3187
3188
3189
3190
3191
3192
3193
3194
3195
3196
3197
3198
3199
3200
3201
....
3272
3273
3274
3275
3276
3277
3278
3279
3280
3281
3282
3283
3284
3285
3286
....
3374
3375
3376
3377
3378
3379
3380
3381
3382
3383
3384
3385
3386
3387
3388
....
3479
3480
3481
3482
3483
3484
3485
3486
3487
3488
3489
3490
3491
3492
3493
3494
3495
3496
3497
3498
3499
3500
....
3771
3772
3773
3774
3775
3776
3777

3778
3779
3780
3781
3782
3783
3784
3785
3786
3787
3788
3789
3790
3791
3792
3793
3794
3795
3796
3797
3798
3799
3800

3801
3802
3803

3804
3805
3806
3807
3808
3809
3810
3811
3812
3813
3814
3815
3816
....
3897
3898
3899
3900
3901
3902
3903
3904
3905
3906
3907
3908
3909
3910
3911
3912
3913

3914
3915
3916
3917
3918
3919
3920
3921
3922
....
3937
3938
3939
3940
3941
3942
3943
3944
3945
3946
3947
3948
3949
3950
3951
....
4072
4073
4074
4075
4076
4077
4078
4079
4080
4081
4082
4083
4084
4085
4086
4087
4088
4089
4090
4091
4092
4093
4094
4095
4096
4097
4098
4099
....
4250
4251
4252
4253
4254
4255
4256
4257
4258
4259
4260
4261
4262
4263
4264
4265
4266
4267
4268
....
4288
4289
4290
4291
4292
4293
4294
4295
4296
4297
4298
4299
4300
4301
4302
....
5056
5057
5058
5059
5060
5061
5062
5063
5064
5065
5066
5067
5068
5069
5070
5071
5072
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/* fts2 has a design flaw which can lead to database corruption (see
** below).  It is recommended not to use it any longer, instead use
** fts3 (or higher).  If you believe that your use of fts2 is safe,
** add -DSQLITE_ENABLE_BROKEN_FTS2=1 to your CFLAGS.
*/
#if (!defined(SQLITE_CORE) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS2)) \
        && !defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_BROKEN_FTS2)
#error fts2 has a design flaw and has been deprecated.
#endif
/* The flaw is that fts2 uses the content table's unaliased rowid as
** the unique docid.  fts2 embeds the rowid in the index it builds,
** and expects the rowid to not change.  The SQLite VACUUM operation
** will renumber such rowids, thereby breaking fts2.  If you are using
** fts2 in a system which has disabled VACUUM, then you can continue
................................................................................
**
** This appears to have only a moderate impact on queries for very
** frequent terms (which are somewhat dominated by segment merge
** costs), and infrequent and non-existent terms still seem to be fast
** even with many segments.
**
** TODO(shess) That said, it would be nice to have a better query-side
** argument for MERGE_COUNT of 16.  Also, it is possible/likely that
** optimizations to things like doclist merging will swing the sweet
** spot around.
**
**
**
**** Handling of deletions and updates ****
** Since we're using a segmented structure, with no docid-oriented
................................................................................
# define SQLITE_CORE 1
#endif

#include <assert.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>


#include "fts2.h"
#include "fts2_hash.h"
#include "fts2_tokenizer.h"
#include "sqlite3.h"
#include "sqlite3ext.h"
SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT1

................................................................................
*/
/* TODO(shess) The snippet-generation code should be using the
** tokenizer-generated tokens rather than doing its own local
** tokenization.
*/
/* TODO(shess) Is __isascii() a portable version of (c&0x80)==0? */
static int safe_isspace(char c){
  return c==' ' || c=='\t' || c=='\n' || c=='\r' || c=='\v' || c=='\f';
}
static int safe_tolower(char c){
  return (c>='A' && c<='Z') ? (c - 'A' + 'a') : c;
}
static int safe_isalnum(char c){
  return (c>='0' && c<='9') || (c>='A' && c<='Z') || (c>='a' && c<='z');
}

typedef enum DocListType {
  DL_DOCIDS,              /* docids only */
  DL_POSITIONS,           /* docids + positions */
  DL_POSITIONS_OFFSETS    /* docids + positions + offsets */
} DocListType;
................................................................................
/* DataBuffer is used to collect data into a buffer in piecemeal
** fashion.  It implements the usual distinction between amount of
** data currently stored (nData) and buffer capacity (nCapacity).
**
** dataBufferInit - create a buffer with given initial capacity.
** dataBufferReset - forget buffer's data, retaining capacity.
** dataBufferDestroy - free buffer's data.
** dataBufferSwap - swap contents of two buffers.
** dataBufferExpand - expand capacity without adding data.
** dataBufferAppend - append data.
** dataBufferAppend2 - append two pieces of data at once.
** dataBufferReplace - replace buffer's data.
*/
typedef struct DataBuffer {
  char *pData;          /* Pointer to malloc'ed buffer. */
................................................................................
  int nData;            /* End of data loaded into pData. */
} DataBuffer;

static void dataBufferInit(DataBuffer *pBuffer, int nCapacity){
  assert( nCapacity>=0 );
  pBuffer->nData = 0;
  pBuffer->nCapacity = nCapacity;
  pBuffer->pData = nCapacity==0 ? NULL : sqlite3_malloc(nCapacity);
}
static void dataBufferReset(DataBuffer *pBuffer){
  pBuffer->nData = 0;
}
static void dataBufferDestroy(DataBuffer *pBuffer){
  if( pBuffer->pData!=NULL ) sqlite3_free(pBuffer->pData);
  SCRAMBLE(pBuffer);
}
static void dataBufferSwap(DataBuffer *pBuffer1, DataBuffer *pBuffer2){
  DataBuffer tmp = *pBuffer1;
  *pBuffer1 = *pBuffer2;
  *pBuffer2 = tmp;
}
static void dataBufferExpand(DataBuffer *pBuffer, int nAddCapacity){
  assert( nAddCapacity>0 );
  /* TODO(shess) Consider expanding more aggressively.  Note that the
  ** underlying malloc implementation may take care of such things for
  ** us already.
  */
  if( pBuffer->nData+nAddCapacity>pBuffer->nCapacity ){
    pBuffer->nCapacity = pBuffer->nData+nAddCapacity;
    pBuffer->pData = sqlite3_realloc(pBuffer->pData, pBuffer->nCapacity);
  }
}
static void dataBufferAppend(DataBuffer *pBuffer,
                             const char *pSource, int nSource){
  assert( nSource>0 && pSource!=NULL );
  dataBufferExpand(pBuffer, nSource);
  memcpy(pBuffer->pData+pBuffer->nData, pSource, nSource);
................................................................................
}
static void dlrDestroy(DLReader *pReader){
  SCRAMBLE(pReader);
}

#ifndef NDEBUG
/* Verify that the doclist can be validly decoded.  Also returns the
** last docid found because it is convenient in other assertions for
** DLWriter.
*/
static void docListValidate(DocListType iType, const char *pData, int nData,
                            sqlite_int64 *pLastDocid){
  sqlite_int64 iPrevDocid = 0;
  assert( nData>0 );
  assert( pData!=0 );
................................................................................
  DLWriter dlw;
  PLWriter plw;
} DLCollector;

/* TODO(shess) This could also be done by calling plwTerminate() and
** dataBufferAppend().  I tried that, expecting nominal performance
** differences, but it seemed to pretty reliably be worth 1% to code
** it this way.  I suspect it is the incremental malloc overhead (some
** percentage of the plwTerminate() calls will cause a realloc), so
** this might be worth revisiting if the DataBuffer implementation
** changes.
*/
static void dlcAddDoclist(DLCollector *pCollector, DataBuffer *b){
  if( pCollector->dlw.iType>DL_DOCIDS ){
    char c[VARINT_MAX];
................................................................................
}
static void dlcAddPos(DLCollector *pCollector, int iColumn, int iPos,
                      int iStartOffset, int iEndOffset){
  plwAdd(&pCollector->plw, iColumn, iPos, iStartOffset, iEndOffset);
}

static DLCollector *dlcNew(sqlite_int64 iDocid, DocListType iType){
  DLCollector *pCollector = sqlite3_malloc(sizeof(DLCollector));
  dataBufferInit(&pCollector->b, 0);
  dlwInit(&pCollector->dlw, iType, &pCollector->b);
  plwInit(&pCollector->plw, &pCollector->dlw, iDocid);
  return pCollector;
}
static void dlcDelete(DLCollector *pCollector){
  plwDestroy(&pCollector->plw);
  dlwDestroy(&pCollector->dlw);
  dataBufferDestroy(&pCollector->b);
  SCRAMBLE(pCollector);
  sqlite3_free(pCollector);
}


/* Copy the doclist data of iType in pData/nData into *out, trimming
** unnecessary data as we go.  Only columns matching iColumn are
** copied, all columns copied if iColumn is -1.  Elements with no
** matching columns are dropped.  The output is an iOutType doclist.
................................................................................
  const char *pRight, int nRight,
  DataBuffer *pOut      /* Write the combined doclist here */
){
  DLReader left, right;
  DLWriter writer;

  if( nLeft==0 ){
    if( nRight!=0) dataBufferAppend(pOut, pRight, nRight);
    return;
  }
  if( nRight==0 ){
    dataBufferAppend(pOut, pLeft, nLeft);
    return;
  }

................................................................................
  const char *pRight, int nRight,
  DataBuffer *pOut      /* Write the combined doclist here */
){
  DLReader left, right;
  DLWriter writer;

  if( nLeft==0 ){
    if( nRight!=0 ) dataBufferAppend(pOut, pRight, nRight);
    return;
  }
  if( nRight==0 ){
    dataBufferAppend(pOut, pLeft, nLeft);
    return;
  }

................................................................................

  dlrDestroy(&left);
  dlrDestroy(&right);
  dlwDestroy(&writer);
}

static char *string_dup_n(const char *s, int n){
  char *str = sqlite3_malloc(n + 1);
  memcpy(str, s, n);
  str[n] = '\0';
  return str;
}

/* Duplicate a string; the caller must free() the returned string.
 * (We don't use strdup() since it is not part of the standard C library and
 * may not be available everywhere.) */
static char *string_dup(const char *s){
  return string_dup_n(s, strlen(s));
}

/* Format a string, replacing each occurrence of the % character with
 * zDb.zName.  This may be more convenient than sqlite_mprintf()
................................................................................

  /* first compute length needed */
  for(p = zFormat ; *p ; ++p){
    len += (*p=='%' ? nFullTableName : 1);
  }
  len += 1;  /* for null terminator */

  r = result = sqlite3_malloc(len);
  for(p = zFormat; *p; ++p){
    if( *p=='%' ){
      memcpy(r, zDb, nDb);
      r += nDb;
      *r++ = '.';
      memcpy(r, zName, nName);
      r += nName;
................................................................................

static int sql_exec(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDb, const char *zName,
                    const char *zFormat){
  char *zCommand = string_format(zFormat, zDb, zName);
  int rc;
  TRACE(("FTS2 sql: %s\n", zCommand));
  rc = sqlite3_exec(db, zCommand, NULL, 0, NULL);
  sqlite3_free(zCommand);
  return rc;
}

static int sql_prepare(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDb, const char *zName,
                       sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt, const char *zFormat){
  char *zCommand = string_format(zFormat, zDb, zName);
  int rc;
  TRACE(("FTS2 prepare: %s\n", zCommand));
  rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(db, zCommand, -1, ppStmt, NULL);
  sqlite3_free(zCommand);
  return rc;
}

/* end utility functions */

/* Forward reference */
typedef struct fulltext_vtab fulltext_vtab;
................................................................................
} QueryType;

typedef enum fulltext_statement {
  CONTENT_INSERT_STMT,
  CONTENT_SELECT_STMT,
  CONTENT_UPDATE_STMT,
  CONTENT_DELETE_STMT,
  CONTENT_EXISTS_STMT,

  BLOCK_INSERT_STMT,
  BLOCK_SELECT_STMT,
  BLOCK_DELETE_STMT,
  BLOCK_DELETE_ALL_STMT,

  SEGDIR_MAX_INDEX_STMT,
  SEGDIR_SET_STMT,
  SEGDIR_SELECT_LEVEL_STMT,
  SEGDIR_SPAN_STMT,
  SEGDIR_DELETE_STMT,
  SEGDIR_SELECT_SEGMENT_STMT,
  SEGDIR_SELECT_ALL_STMT,
  SEGDIR_DELETE_ALL_STMT,
  SEGDIR_COUNT_STMT,

  MAX_STMT                     /* Always at end! */
} fulltext_statement;

/* These must exactly match the enum above. */
/* TODO(shess): Is there some risk that a statement will be used in two
** cursors at once, e.g.  if a query joins a virtual table to itself?
................................................................................
** If so perhaps we should move some of these to the cursor object.
*/
static const char *const fulltext_zStatement[MAX_STMT] = {
  /* CONTENT_INSERT */ NULL,  /* generated in contentInsertStatement() */
  /* CONTENT_SELECT */ "select * from %_content where rowid = ?",
  /* CONTENT_UPDATE */ NULL,  /* generated in contentUpdateStatement() */
  /* CONTENT_DELETE */ "delete from %_content where rowid = ?",
  /* CONTENT_EXISTS */ "select rowid from %_content limit 1",

  /* BLOCK_INSERT */ "insert into %_segments values (?)",
  /* BLOCK_SELECT */ "select block from %_segments where rowid = ?",
  /* BLOCK_DELETE */ "delete from %_segments where rowid between ? and ?",
  /* BLOCK_DELETE_ALL */ "delete from %_segments",

  /* SEGDIR_MAX_INDEX */ "select max(idx) from %_segdir where level = ?",
  /* SEGDIR_SET */ "insert into %_segdir values (?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?)",
  /* SEGDIR_SELECT_LEVEL */
  "select start_block, leaves_end_block, root from %_segdir "
  " where level = ? order by idx",
  /* SEGDIR_SPAN */
  "select min(start_block), max(end_block) from %_segdir "
  " where level = ? and start_block <> 0",
  /* SEGDIR_DELETE */ "delete from %_segdir where level = ?",

  /* NOTE(shess): The first three results of the following two
  ** statements must match.
  */
  /* SEGDIR_SELECT_SEGMENT */
  "select start_block, leaves_end_block, root from %_segdir "
  " where level = ? and idx = ?",
  /* SEGDIR_SELECT_ALL */
  "select start_block, leaves_end_block, root from %_segdir "
  " order by level desc, idx asc",
  /* SEGDIR_DELETE_ALL */ "delete from %_segdir",
  /* SEGDIR_COUNT */ "select count(*), ifnull(max(level),0) from %_segdir",
};

/*
** A connection to a fulltext index is an instance of the following
** structure.  The xCreate and xConnect methods create an instance
** of this structure and xDestroy and xDisconnect free that instance.
** All other methods receive a pointer to the structure as one of their
................................................................................
      case CONTENT_UPDATE_STMT:
        zStmt = contentUpdateStatement(v); break;
      default:
        zStmt = fulltext_zStatement[iStmt];
    }
    rc = sql_prepare(v->db, v->zDb, v->zName, &v->pFulltextStatements[iStmt],
                         zStmt);
    if( zStmt != fulltext_zStatement[iStmt]) sqlite3_free((void *) zStmt);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  } else {
    int rc = sqlite3_reset(v->pFulltextStatements[iStmt]);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  }

  *ppStmt = v->pFulltextStatements[iStmt];
................................................................................
*/
static int sql_single_step(sqlite3_stmt *s){
  int rc = sqlite3_step(s);
  return (rc==SQLITE_DONE) ? SQLITE_OK : rc;
}

/* Like sql_get_statement(), but for special replicated LEAF_SELECT
** statements.  idx -1 is a special case for an uncached version of
** the statement (used in the optimize implementation).
*/
/* TODO(shess) Write version for generic statements and then share
** that between the cached-statement functions.
*/
static int sql_get_leaf_statement(fulltext_vtab *v, int idx,
                                  sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt){
  assert( idx>=-1 && idx<MERGE_COUNT );
  if( idx==-1 ){
    return sql_prepare(v->db, v->zDb, v->zName, ppStmt, LEAF_SELECT);
  }else if( v->pLeafSelectStmts[idx]==NULL ){
    int rc = sql_prepare(v->db, v->zDb, v->zName, &v->pLeafSelectStmts[idx],
                         LEAF_SELECT);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  }else{
    int rc = sqlite3_reset(v->pLeafSelectStmts[idx]);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  }
................................................................................
  return sql_single_step(s);
}

static void freeStringArray(int nString, const char **pString){
  int i;

  for (i=0 ; i < nString ; ++i) {
    if( pString[i]!=NULL ) sqlite3_free((void *) pString[i]);
  }
  sqlite3_free((void *) pString);
}

/* select * from %_content where rowid = [iRow]
 * The caller must delete the returned array and all strings in it.
 * null fields will be NULL in the returned array.
 *
 * TODO: Perhaps we should return pointer/length strings here for consistency
................................................................................

  rc = sqlite3_bind_int64(s, 1, iRow);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  rc = sqlite3_step(s);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_ROW ) return rc;

  values = (const char **) sqlite3_malloc(v->nColumn * sizeof(const char *));
  for(i=0; i<v->nColumn; ++i){
    if( sqlite3_column_type(s, i)==SQLITE_NULL ){
      values[i] = NULL;
    }else{
      values[i] = string_dup((char*)sqlite3_column_text(s, i));
    }
  }
................................................................................
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  rc = sqlite3_bind_int64(s, 1, iRow);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  return sql_single_step(s);
}

/* Returns SQLITE_ROW if any rows exist in %_content, SQLITE_DONE if
** no rows exist, and any error in case of failure.
*/
static int content_exists(fulltext_vtab *v){
  sqlite3_stmt *s;
  int rc = sql_get_statement(v, CONTENT_EXISTS_STMT, &s);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  rc = sqlite3_step(s);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_ROW ) return rc;

  /* We expect only one row.  We must execute another sqlite3_step()
   * to complete the iteration; otherwise the table will remain locked. */
  rc = sqlite3_step(s);
  if( rc==SQLITE_DONE ) return SQLITE_ROW;
  if( rc==SQLITE_ROW ) return SQLITE_ERROR;
  return rc;
}

/* insert into %_segments values ([pData])
**   returns assigned rowid in *piBlockid
*/
static int block_insert(fulltext_vtab *v, const char *pData, int nData,
                        sqlite_int64 *piBlockid){
  sqlite3_stmt *s;
................................................................................
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  rc = sqlite3_bind_int64(s, 1, iLevel);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  return sql_single_step(s);
}

/* Delete entire fts index, SQLITE_OK on success, relevant error on
** failure.
*/
static int segdir_delete_all(fulltext_vtab *v){
  sqlite3_stmt *s;
  int rc = sql_get_statement(v, SEGDIR_DELETE_ALL_STMT, &s);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  rc = sql_single_step(s);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  rc = sql_get_statement(v, BLOCK_DELETE_ALL_STMT, &s);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  return sql_single_step(s);
}

/* Returns SQLITE_OK with *pnSegments set to the number of entries in
** %_segdir and *piMaxLevel set to the highest level which has a
** segment.  Otherwise returns the SQLite error which caused failure.
*/
static int segdir_count(fulltext_vtab *v, int *pnSegments, int *piMaxLevel){
  sqlite3_stmt *s;
  int rc = sql_get_statement(v, SEGDIR_COUNT_STMT, &s);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  rc = sqlite3_step(s);
  /* TODO(shess): This case should not be possible?  Should stronger
  ** measures be taken if it happens?
  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_DONE ){
    *pnSegments = 0;
    *piMaxLevel = 0;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  if( rc!=SQLITE_ROW ) return rc;

  *pnSegments = sqlite3_column_int(s, 0);
  *piMaxLevel = sqlite3_column_int(s, 1);

  /* We expect only one row.  We must execute another sqlite3_step()
   * to complete the iteration; otherwise the table will remain locked. */
  rc = sqlite3_step(s);
  if( rc==SQLITE_DONE ) return SQLITE_OK;
  if( rc==SQLITE_ROW ) return SQLITE_ERROR;
  return rc;
}

/* TODO(shess) clearPendingTerms() is far down the file because
** writeZeroSegment() is far down the file because LeafWriter is far
** down the file.  Consider refactoring the code to move the non-vtab
** code above the vtab code so that we don't need this forward
** reference.
*/
................................................................................
  if( v->pTokenizer!=NULL ){
    v->pTokenizer->pModule->xDestroy(v->pTokenizer);
    v->pTokenizer = NULL;
  }

  clearPendingTerms(v);

  sqlite3_free(v->azColumn);
  for(i = 0; i < v->nColumn; ++i) {
    sqlite3_free(v->azContentColumn[i]);
  }
  sqlite3_free(v->azContentColumn);
  sqlite3_free(v);
}

/*
** Token types for parsing the arguments to xConnect or xCreate.
*/
#define TOKEN_EOF         0    /* End of file */
#define TOKEN_SPACE       1    /* Any kind of whitespace */
................................................................................
** Space to hold the returned array is obtained from a single
** malloc and should be freed by passing the return value to free().
** The individual strings within the token list are all a part of
** the single memory allocation and will all be freed at once.
*/
static char **tokenizeString(const char *z, int *pnToken){
  int nToken = 0;
  Token *aToken = sqlite3_malloc( strlen(z) * sizeof(aToken[0]) );
  int n = 1;
  int e, i;
  int totalSize = 0;
  char **azToken;
  char *zCopy;
  while( n>0 ){
    n = getToken(z, &e);
................................................................................
      aToken[nToken].z = z;
      aToken[nToken].n = n;
      nToken++;
      totalSize += n+1;
    }
    z += n;
  }
  azToken = (char**)sqlite3_malloc( nToken*sizeof(char*) + totalSize );
  zCopy = (char*)&azToken[nToken];
  nToken--;
  for(i=0; i<nToken; i++){
    azToken[i] = zCopy;
    n = aToken[i].n;
    memcpy(zCopy, aToken[i].z, n);
    zCopy[n] = 0;
    zCopy += n+1;
  }
  azToken[nToken] = 0;
  sqlite3_free(aToken);
  *pnToken = nToken;
  return azToken;
}

/*
** Convert an SQL-style quoted string into a normal string by removing
** the quote characters.  The conversion is done in-place.  If the
................................................................................
  char **azTokenizer;      /* Name of tokenizer and its arguments */
} TableSpec;

/*
** Reclaim all of the memory used by a TableSpec
*/
static void clearTableSpec(TableSpec *p) {
  sqlite3_free(p->azColumn);
  sqlite3_free(p->azContentColumn);
  sqlite3_free(p->azTokenizer);
}

/* Parse a CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE statement, which looks like this:
 *
 * CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE email
 *        USING fts2(subject, body, tokenize mytokenizer(myarg))
 *
................................................................................
  ** The argv[][] array is read-only and transient.  We can write to the
  ** copy in order to modify things and the copy is persistent.
  */
  CLEAR(pSpec);
  for(i=n=0; i<argc; i++){
    n += strlen(argv[i]) + 1;
  }
  azArg = sqlite3_malloc( sizeof(char*)*argc + n );
  if( azArg==0 ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  z = (char*)&azArg[argc];
  for(i=0; i<argc; i++){
    azArg[i] = z;
    strcpy(z, argv[i]);
................................................................................
  ** converted to "_".  The cNN prefix guarantees that all column
  ** names are unique.
  **
  ** The AAAA suffix is not strictly necessary.  It is included
  ** for the convenience of people who might examine the generated
  ** %_content table and wonder what the columns are used for.
  */
  pSpec->azContentColumn = sqlite3_malloc( pSpec->nColumn * sizeof(char *) );
  if( pSpec->azContentColumn==0 ){
    clearTableSpec(pSpec);
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  for(i=0; i<pSpec->nColumn; i++){
    char *p;
    pSpec->azContentColumn[i] = sqlite3_mprintf("c%d%s", i, azArg[i]);
................................................................................
  fulltext_vtab *v = 0;
  const sqlite3_tokenizer_module *m = NULL;
  char *schema;

  char const *zTok;         /* Name of tokenizer to use for this fts table */
  int nTok;                 /* Length of zTok, including nul terminator */

  v = (fulltext_vtab *) sqlite3_malloc(sizeof(fulltext_vtab));
  if( v==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  CLEAR(v);
  /* sqlite will initialize v->base */
  v->db = db;
  v->zDb = spec->zDb;       /* Freed when azColumn is freed */
  v->zName = spec->zName;   /* Freed when azColumn is freed */
  v->nColumn = spec->nColumn;
................................................................................
  fulltext_vtab_destroy((fulltext_vtab *)pVTab);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

static int fulltextOpen(sqlite3_vtab *pVTab, sqlite3_vtab_cursor **ppCursor){
  fulltext_cursor *c;

  c = (fulltext_cursor *) sqlite3_malloc(sizeof(fulltext_cursor));
  if( c ){
    memset(c, 0, sizeof(fulltext_cursor));
    /* sqlite will initialize c->base */
    *ppCursor = &c->base;
    TRACE(("FTS2 Open %p: %p\n", pVTab, c));

    return SQLITE_OK;
  }else{
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
}


/* Free all of the dynamically allocated memory held by *q
*/
static void queryClear(Query *q){
  int i;
  for(i = 0; i < q->nTerms; ++i){
    sqlite3_free(q->pTerms[i].pTerm);
  }
  sqlite3_free(q->pTerms);
  CLEAR(q);
}

/* Free all of the dynamically allocated memory held by the
** Snippet
*/
static void snippetClear(Snippet *p){
  sqlite3_free(p->aMatch);
  sqlite3_free(p->zOffset);
  sqlite3_free(p->zSnippet);
  CLEAR(p);
}
/*
** Append a single entry to the p->aMatch[] log.
*/
static void snippetAppendMatch(
  Snippet *p,               /* Append the entry to this snippet */
................................................................................
  int iCol, int iTerm,      /* The column and query term */
  int iStart, int nByte     /* Offset and size of the match */
){
  int i;
  struct snippetMatch *pMatch;
  if( p->nMatch+1>=p->nAlloc ){
    p->nAlloc = p->nAlloc*2 + 10;
    p->aMatch = sqlite3_realloc(p->aMatch, p->nAlloc*sizeof(p->aMatch[0]) );
    if( p->aMatch==0 ){
      p->nMatch = 0;
      p->nAlloc = 0;
      return;
    }
  }
  i = p->nMatch++;
................................................................................
  StringBuffer sb;
  char zBuf[200];
  if( p->zOffset ) return;
  initStringBuffer(&sb);
  for(i=0; i<p->nMatch; i++){
    struct snippetMatch *pMatch = &p->aMatch[i];
    zBuf[0] = ' ';
    sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zBuf)-1, &zBuf[cnt>0], "%d %d %d %d",
        pMatch->iCol, pMatch->iTerm, pMatch->iStart, pMatch->nByte);
    append(&sb, zBuf);
    cnt++;
  }
  p->zOffset = stringBufferData(&sb);
  p->nOffset = stringBufferLength(&sb);
}

................................................................................
  int nDoc;
  const char *zDoc;
  int iStart, iEnd;
  int tailEllipsis = 0;
  int iMatch;
  

  sqlite3_free(pCursor->snippet.zSnippet);
  pCursor->snippet.zSnippet = 0;
  aMatch = pCursor->snippet.aMatch;
  nMatch = pCursor->snippet.nMatch;
  initStringBuffer(&sb);

  for(i=0; i<nMatch; i++){
    aMatch[i].snStatus = SNIPPET_IGNORE;
................................................................................
  fulltext_cursor *c = (fulltext_cursor *) pCursor;
  TRACE(("FTS2 Close %p\n", c));
  sqlite3_finalize(c->pStmt);
  queryClear(&c->q);
  snippetClear(&c->snippet);
  if( c->result.nData!=0 ) dlrDestroy(&c->reader);
  dataBufferDestroy(&c->result);
  sqlite3_free(c);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

static int fulltextNext(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pCursor){
  fulltext_cursor *c = (fulltext_cursor *) pCursor;
  int rc;

................................................................................
}

/* Add a new term pTerm[0..nTerm-1] to the query *q.
*/
static void queryAdd(Query *q, const char *pTerm, int nTerm){
  QueryTerm *t;
  ++q->nTerms;
  q->pTerms = sqlite3_realloc(q->pTerms, q->nTerms * sizeof(q->pTerms[0]));
  if( q->pTerms==0 ){
    q->nTerms = 0;
    return;
  }
  t = &q->pTerms[q->nTerms - 1];
  CLEAR(t);
  t->pTerm = sqlite3_malloc(nTerm+1);
  memcpy(t->pTerm, pTerm, nTerm);
  t->pTerm[nTerm] = 0;
  t->nTerm = nTerm;
  t->isOr = q->nextIsOr;
  t->isPrefix = 0;
  q->nextIsOr = 0;
  t->iColumn = q->nextColumn;
................................................................................
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pCursor,     /* The cursor used for this query */
  int idxNum, const char *idxStr,   /* Which indexing scheme to use */
  int argc, sqlite3_value **argv    /* Arguments for the indexing scheme */
){
  fulltext_cursor *c = (fulltext_cursor *) pCursor;
  fulltext_vtab *v = cursor_vtab(c);
  int rc;


  TRACE(("FTS2 Filter %p\n",pCursor));

  /* If the cursor has a statement that was not prepared according to
  ** idxNum, clear it.  I believe all calls to fulltextFilter with a
  ** given cursor will have the same idxNum , but in this case it's
  ** easy to be safe.
  */
  if( c->pStmt && c->iCursorType!=idxNum ){
    sqlite3_finalize(c->pStmt);
    c->pStmt = NULL;
  }

  /* Get a fresh statement appropriate to idxNum. */
  /* TODO(shess): Add a prepared-statement cache in the vt structure.
  ** The cache must handle multiple open cursors.  Easier to cache the
  ** statement variants at the vt to reduce malloc/realloc/free here.
  ** Or we could have a StringBuffer variant which allowed stack
  ** construction for small values.
  */
  if( !c->pStmt ){
    char *zSql = sqlite3_mprintf("select rowid, * from %%_content %s",
                                 idxNum==QUERY_GENERIC ? "" : "where rowid=?");

    rc = sql_prepare(v->db, v->zDb, v->zName, &c->pStmt, zSql);
    sqlite3_free(zSql);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

    c->iCursorType = idxNum;
  }else{
    sqlite3_reset(c->pStmt);
    assert( c->iCursorType==idxNum );
  }

  switch( idxNum ){
    case QUERY_GENERIC:
      break;

    case QUERY_ROWID:
      rc = sqlite3_bind_int64(c->pStmt, 1, sqlite3_value_int64(argv[0]));
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
................................................................................
  int iStartOffset, iEndOffset, iPosition;
  int rc;

  rc = pTokenizer->pModule->xOpen(pTokenizer, zText, -1, &pCursor);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  pCursor->pTokenizer = pTokenizer;
  while( SQLITE_OK==(rc=pTokenizer->pModule->xNext(pCursor,
                                                   &pToken, &nTokenBytes,
                                                   &iStartOffset, &iEndOffset,
                                                   &iPosition)) ){
    DLCollector *p;
    int nData;                   /* Size of doclist before our update. */

    /* Positions can't be negative; we use -1 as a terminator
     * internally.  Token can't be NULL or empty. */
    if( iPosition<0 || pToken == NULL || nTokenBytes == 0 ){

      rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
      break;
    }

    p = fts2HashFind(&v->pendingTerms, pToken, nTokenBytes);
    if( p==NULL ){
      nData = 0;
      p = dlcNew(iDocid, DL_DEFAULT);
      fts2HashInsert(&v->pendingTerms, pToken, nTokenBytes, p);
................................................................................

  /* TODO(shess) Check return?  Should this be able to cause errors at
  ** this point?  Actually, same question about sqlite3_finalize(),
  ** though one could argue that failure there means that the data is
  ** not durable.  *ponder*
  */
  pTokenizer->pModule->xClose(pCursor);
  if( SQLITE_DONE == rc ) return SQLITE_OK;
  return rc;
}

/* Add doclists for all terms in [pValues] to pendingTerms table. */
static int insertTerms(fulltext_vtab *v, sqlite_int64 iRowid,
                       sqlite3_value **pValues){
  int i;
................................................................................
  DataBuffer term;           /* Leftmost term in block's subtree. */
  DataBuffer data;           /* Accumulated data for the block. */
  struct InteriorBlock *next;
} InteriorBlock;

static InteriorBlock *interiorBlockNew(int iHeight, sqlite_int64 iChildBlock,
                                       const char *pTerm, int nTerm){
  InteriorBlock *block = sqlite3_malloc(sizeof(InteriorBlock));
  char c[VARINT_MAX+VARINT_MAX];
  int n;

  if( block ){
    memset(block, 0, sizeof(*block));
    dataBufferInit(&block->term, 0);
    dataBufferReplace(&block->term, pTerm, nTerm);

    n = putVarint(c, iHeight);
    n += putVarint(c+n, iChildBlock);
    dataBufferInit(&block->data, INTERIOR_MAX);
    dataBufferReplace(&block->data, c, n);
  }
  return block;
}

#ifndef NDEBUG
/* Verify that the data is readable as an interior node. */
static void interiorBlockValidate(InteriorBlock *pBlock){
  const char *pData = pBlock->data.pData;
................................................................................
  InteriorBlock *block = pWriter->first;

  while( block!=NULL ){
    InteriorBlock *b = block;
    block = block->next;
    dataBufferDestroy(&b->term);
    dataBufferDestroy(&b->data);
    sqlite3_free(b);
  }
  if( pWriter->parentWriter!=NULL ){
    interiorWriterDestroy(pWriter->parentWriter);
    sqlite3_free(pWriter->parentWriter);
  }
  dataBufferDestroy(&pWriter->term);
  SCRAMBLE(pWriter);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* If pWriter can fit entirely in ROOT_MAX, return it as the root info
................................................................................
  ** interior node.
  */
  ASSERT_VALID_INTERIOR_BLOCK(block);
  rc = block_insert(v, block->data.pData, block->data.nData, &iBlockid);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  *piEndBlockid = iBlockid;

  pWriter->parentWriter = sqlite3_malloc(sizeof(*pWriter->parentWriter));
  interiorWriterInit(pWriter->iHeight+1,
                     block->term.pData, block->term.nData,
                     iBlockid, pWriter->parentWriter);

  /* Flush additional blocks and append to the higher interior
  ** node.
  */
................................................................................
** this case.  Probably a brittle assumption.
*/
static int leavesReaderReset(LeavesReader *pReader){
  return sqlite3_reset(pReader->pStmt);
}

static void leavesReaderDestroy(LeavesReader *pReader){
  /* If idx is -1, that means we're using a non-cached statement
  ** handle in the optimize() case, so we need to release it.
  */
  if( pReader->pStmt!=NULL && pReader->idx==-1 ){
    sqlite3_finalize(pReader->pStmt);
  }
  leafReaderDestroy(&pReader->leafReader);
  dataBufferDestroy(&pReader->rootData);
  SCRAMBLE(pReader);
}

/* Initialize pReader with the given root data (if iStartBlockid==0
** the leaf data was entirely contained in the root), or from the
................................................................................
/* Initializes pReaders with the segments from level iLevel, returning
** the number of segments in *piReaders.  Leaves pReaders in sorted
** order.
*/
static int leavesReadersInit(fulltext_vtab *v, int iLevel,
                             LeavesReader *pReaders, int *piReaders){
  sqlite3_stmt *s;
  int i, rc = sql_get_statement(v, SEGDIR_SELECT_LEVEL_STMT, &s);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  rc = sqlite3_bind_int(s, 1, iLevel);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  i = 0;
  while( (rc = sqlite3_step(s))==SQLITE_ROW ){
................................................................................
 err:
  for(i=0; i<MERGE_COUNT; i++){
    leavesReaderDestroy(&lrs[i]);
  }
  leafWriterDestroy(&writer);
  return rc;
}

/* Accumulate the union of *acc and *pData into *acc. */
static void docListAccumulateUnion(DataBuffer *acc,
                                   const char *pData, int nData) {
  DataBuffer tmp = *acc;
  dataBufferInit(acc, tmp.nData+nData);
  docListUnion(tmp.pData, tmp.nData, pData, nData, acc);
  dataBufferDestroy(&tmp);
}

/* TODO(shess) It might be interesting to explore different merge
** strategies, here.  For instance, since this is a sorted merge, we
** could easily merge many doclists in parallel.  With some
** comprehension of the storage format, we could merge all of the
** doclists within a leaf node directly from the leaf node's storage.
** It may be worthwhile to merge smaller doclists before larger
** doclists, since they can be traversed more quickly - but the
** results may have less overlap, making them more expensive in a
** different way.
*/

/* Scan pReader for pTerm/nTerm, and merge the term's doclist over
** *out (any doclists with duplicate docids overwrite those in *out).
** Internal function for loadSegmentLeaf().
*/
static int loadSegmentLeavesInt(fulltext_vtab *v, LeavesReader *pReader,
                                const char *pTerm, int nTerm, int isPrefix,
                                DataBuffer *out){
  /* doclist data is accumulated into pBuffers similar to how one does
  ** increment in binary arithmetic.  If index 0 is empty, the data is
  ** stored there.  If there is data there, it is merged and the
  ** results carried into position 1, with further merge-and-carry
  ** until an empty position is found.
  */
  DataBuffer *pBuffers = NULL;
  int nBuffers = 0, nMaxBuffers = 0, rc;

  assert( nTerm>0 );


  for(rc=SQLITE_OK; rc==SQLITE_OK && !leavesReaderAtEnd(pReader);
      rc=leavesReaderStep(v, pReader)){
    /* TODO(shess) Really want leavesReaderTermCmp(), but that name is
    ** already taken to compare the terms of two LeavesReaders.  Think
    ** on a better name.  [Meanwhile, break encapsulation rather than
    ** use a confusing name.]
    */

    int c = leafReaderTermCmp(&pReader->leafReader, pTerm, nTerm, isPrefix);
    if( c>0 ) break;      /* Past any possible matches. */
    if( c==0 ){
      const char *pData = leavesReaderData(pReader);
      int iBuffer, nData = leavesReaderDataBytes(pReader);


      /* Find the first empty buffer. */
      for(iBuffer=0; iBuffer<nBuffers; ++iBuffer){
        if( 0==pBuffers[iBuffer].nData ) break;
      }

      /* Out of buffers, add an empty one. */
      if( iBuffer==nBuffers ){
        if( nBuffers==nMaxBuffers ){
          DataBuffer *p;
          nMaxBuffers += 20;

          /* Manual realloc so we can handle NULL appropriately. */
          p = sqlite3_malloc(nMaxBuffers*sizeof(*pBuffers));
          if( p==NULL ){
            rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
            break;
          }

          if( nBuffers>0 ){
            assert(pBuffers!=NULL);
            memcpy(p, pBuffers, nBuffers*sizeof(*pBuffers));
            sqlite3_free(pBuffers);
          }
          pBuffers = p;
        }
        dataBufferInit(&(pBuffers[nBuffers]), 0);
        nBuffers++;
      }

      /* At this point, must have an empty at iBuffer. */
      assert(iBuffer<nBuffers && pBuffers[iBuffer].nData==0);

      /* If empty was first buffer, no need for merge logic. */
      if( iBuffer==0 ){
        dataBufferReplace(&(pBuffers[0]), pData, nData);
      }else{
        /* pAcc is the empty buffer the merged data will end up in. */
        DataBuffer *pAcc = &(pBuffers[iBuffer]);
        DataBuffer *p = &(pBuffers[0]);



        /* Handle position 0 specially to avoid need to prime pAcc
        ** with pData/nData.
        */
        dataBufferSwap(p, pAcc);



        docListAccumulateUnion(pAcc, pData, nData);

        /* Accumulate remaining doclists into pAcc. */
        for(++p; p<pAcc; ++p){
          docListAccumulateUnion(pAcc, p->pData, p->nData);

          /* dataBufferReset() could allow a large doclist to blow up
          ** our memory requirements.
          */
          if( p->nCapacity<1024 ){
            dataBufferReset(p);
          }else{
            dataBufferDestroy(p);
            dataBufferInit(p, 0);
          }
        }

      }


    }
  }

  /* Union all the doclists together into *out. */
  /* TODO(shess) What if *out is big?  Sigh. */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && nBuffers>0 ){
    int iBuffer;
    for(iBuffer=0; iBuffer<nBuffers; ++iBuffer){
      if( pBuffers[iBuffer].nData>0 ){
        if( out->nData==0 ){
          dataBufferSwap(out, &(pBuffers[iBuffer]));
        }else{
          docListAccumulateUnion(out, pBuffers[iBuffer].pData,
                                 pBuffers[iBuffer].nData);
        }
      }
    }
  }

  while( nBuffers-- ){
    dataBufferDestroy(&(pBuffers[nBuffers]));
  }
  if( pBuffers!=NULL ) sqlite3_free(pBuffers);

  return rc;
}

/* Call loadSegmentLeavesInt() with pData/nData as input. */
static int loadSegmentLeaf(fulltext_vtab *v, const char *pData, int nData,
                           const char *pTerm, int nTerm, int isPrefix,
                           DataBuffer *out){
  LeavesReader reader;
................................................................................
** interior node terms logically come between the blocks, so there is
** one more blockid than there are terms (that block contains terms >=
** the last interior-node term).
*/
/* TODO(shess) The calling code may already know that the end child is
** not worth calculating, because the end may be in a later sibling
** node.  Consider whether breaking symmetry is worthwhile.  I suspect
** it is not worthwhile.
*/
static void getChildrenContaining(const char *pData, int nData,
                                  const char *pTerm, int nTerm, int isPrefix,
                                  sqlite_int64 *piStartChild,
                                  sqlite_int64 *piEndChild){
  InteriorReader reader;

................................................................................

  dataBufferInit(&doclist, 0);

  /* Traverse the segments from oldest to newest so that newer doclist
  ** elements for given docids overwrite older elements.
  */
  while( (rc = sqlite3_step(s))==SQLITE_ROW ){
    const char *pData = sqlite3_column_blob(s, 2);
    const int nData = sqlite3_column_bytes(s, 2);
    const sqlite_int64 iLeavesEnd = sqlite3_column_int64(s, 1);
    rc = loadSegment(v, pData, nData, iLeavesEnd, pTerm, nTerm, isPrefix,
                     &doclist);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto err;
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_DONE ){
    if( doclist.nData!=0 ){
................................................................................
  DataBuffer dl;

  /* Determine the next index at level 0, merging as necessary. */
  rc = segdirNextIndex(v, 0, &idx);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  n = fts2HashCount(pTerms);
  pData = sqlite3_malloc(n*sizeof(TermData));

  for(i = 0, e = fts2HashFirst(pTerms); e; i++, e = fts2HashNext(e)){
    assert( i<n );
    pData[i].pTerm = fts2HashKey(e);
    pData[i].nTerm = fts2HashKeysize(e);
    pData[i].pCollector = fts2HashData(e);
  }
................................................................................
                        pData[i].pTerm, pData[i].nTerm, dl.pData, dl.nData);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto err;
  }
  rc = leafWriterFinalize(v, &writer);

 err:
  dataBufferDestroy(&dl);
  sqlite3_free(pData);
  leafWriterDestroy(&writer);
  return rc;
}

/* If pendingTerms has data, free it. */
static int clearPendingTerms(fulltext_vtab *v){
  if( v->nPendingData>=0 ){
................................................................................
    fts2HashInit(&v->pendingTerms, FTS2_HASH_STRING, 1);
    v->nPendingData = 0;
  }
  v->iPrevDocid = iDocid;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* This function implements the xUpdate callback; it is the top-level entry
 * point for inserting, deleting or updating a row in a full-text table. */
static int fulltextUpdate(sqlite3_vtab *pVtab, int nArg, sqlite3_value **ppArg,
                   sqlite_int64 *pRowid){
  fulltext_vtab *v = (fulltext_vtab *) pVtab;
  int rc;

  TRACE(("FTS2 Update %p\n", pVtab));

  if( nArg<2 ){
    rc = index_delete(v, sqlite3_value_int64(ppArg[0]));
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      /* If we just deleted the last row in the table, clear out the
      ** index data.
      */
      rc = content_exists(v);
      if( rc==SQLITE_ROW ){
        rc = SQLITE_OK;
      }else if( rc==SQLITE_DONE ){
        /* Clear the pending terms so we don't flush a useless level-0
        ** segment when the transaction closes.
        */
        rc = clearPendingTerms(v);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          rc = segdir_delete_all(v);
        }
      }
    }
  } else if( sqlite3_value_type(ppArg[0]) != SQLITE_NULL ){
    /* An update:
     * ppArg[0] = old rowid
     * ppArg[1] = new rowid
     * ppArg[2..2+v->nColumn-1] = values
     * ppArg[2+v->nColumn] = value for magic column (we ignore this)
     */
................................................................................
    snippetOffsetText(&pCursor->snippet);
    sqlite3_result_text(pContext,
                        pCursor->snippet.zOffset, pCursor->snippet.nOffset,
                        SQLITE_STATIC);
  }
}

/* OptLeavesReader is nearly identical to LeavesReader, except that
** where LeavesReader is geared towards the merging of complete
** segment levels (with exactly MERGE_COUNT segments), OptLeavesReader
** is geared towards implementation of the optimize() function, and
** can merge all segments simultaneously.  This version may be
** somewhat less efficient than LeavesReader because it merges into an
** accumulator rather than doing an N-way merge, but since segment
** size grows exponentially (so segment count logrithmically) this is
** probably not an immediate problem.
*/
/* TODO(shess): Prove that assertion, or extend the merge code to
** merge tree fashion (like the prefix-searching code does).
*/
/* TODO(shess): OptLeavesReader and LeavesReader could probably be
** merged with little or no loss of performance for LeavesReader.  The
** merged code would need to handle >MERGE_COUNT segments, and would
** also need to be able to optionally optimize away deletes.
*/
typedef struct OptLeavesReader {
  /* Segment number, to order readers by age. */
  int segment;
  LeavesReader reader;
} OptLeavesReader;

static int optLeavesReaderAtEnd(OptLeavesReader *pReader){
  return leavesReaderAtEnd(&pReader->reader);
}
static int optLeavesReaderTermBytes(OptLeavesReader *pReader){
  return leavesReaderTermBytes(&pReader->reader);
}
static const char *optLeavesReaderData(OptLeavesReader *pReader){
  return leavesReaderData(&pReader->reader);
}
static int optLeavesReaderDataBytes(OptLeavesReader *pReader){
  return leavesReaderDataBytes(&pReader->reader);
}
static const char *optLeavesReaderTerm(OptLeavesReader *pReader){
  return leavesReaderTerm(&pReader->reader);
}
static int optLeavesReaderStep(fulltext_vtab *v, OptLeavesReader *pReader){
  return leavesReaderStep(v, &pReader->reader);
}
static int optLeavesReaderTermCmp(OptLeavesReader *lr1, OptLeavesReader *lr2){
  return leavesReaderTermCmp(&lr1->reader, &lr2->reader);
}
/* Order by term ascending, segment ascending (oldest to newest), with
** exhausted readers to the end.
*/
static int optLeavesReaderCmp(OptLeavesReader *lr1, OptLeavesReader *lr2){
  int c = optLeavesReaderTermCmp(lr1, lr2);
  if( c!=0 ) return c;
  return lr1->segment-lr2->segment;
}
/* Bubble pLr[0] to appropriate place in pLr[1..nLr-1].  Assumes that
** pLr[1..nLr-1] is already sorted.
*/
static void optLeavesReaderReorder(OptLeavesReader *pLr, int nLr){
  while( nLr>1 && optLeavesReaderCmp(pLr, pLr+1)>0 ){
    OptLeavesReader tmp = pLr[0];
    pLr[0] = pLr[1];
    pLr[1] = tmp;
    nLr--;
    pLr++;
  }
}

/* optimize() helper function.  Put the readers in order and iterate
** through them, merging doclists for matching terms into pWriter.
** Returns SQLITE_OK on success, or the SQLite error code which
** prevented success.
*/
static int optimizeInternal(fulltext_vtab *v,
                            OptLeavesReader *readers, int nReaders,
                            LeafWriter *pWriter){
  int i, rc = SQLITE_OK;
  DataBuffer doclist, merged, tmp;

  /* Order the readers. */
  i = nReaders;
  while( i-- > 0 ){
    optLeavesReaderReorder(&readers[i], nReaders-i);
  }

  dataBufferInit(&doclist, LEAF_MAX);
  dataBufferInit(&merged, LEAF_MAX);

  /* Exhausted readers bubble to the end, so when the first reader is
  ** at eof, all are at eof.
  */
  while( !optLeavesReaderAtEnd(&readers[0]) ){

    /* Figure out how many readers share the next term. */
    for(i=1; i<nReaders && !optLeavesReaderAtEnd(&readers[i]); i++){
      if( 0!=optLeavesReaderTermCmp(&readers[0], &readers[i]) ) break;
    }

    /* Special-case for no merge. */
    if( i==1 ){
      /* Trim deletions from the doclist. */
      dataBufferReset(&merged);
      docListTrim(DL_DEFAULT,
                  optLeavesReaderData(&readers[0]),
                  optLeavesReaderDataBytes(&readers[0]),
                  -1, DL_DEFAULT, &merged);
    }else{
      DLReader dlReaders[MERGE_COUNT];
      int iReader, nReaders;

      /* Prime the pipeline with the first reader's doclist.  After
      ** one pass index 0 will reference the accumulated doclist.
      */
      dlrInit(&dlReaders[0], DL_DEFAULT,
              optLeavesReaderData(&readers[0]),
              optLeavesReaderDataBytes(&readers[0]));
      iReader = 1;

      assert( iReader<i );  /* Must execute the loop at least once. */
      while( iReader<i ){
        /* Merge 16 inputs per pass. */
        for( nReaders=1; iReader<i && nReaders<MERGE_COUNT;
             iReader++, nReaders++ ){
          dlrInit(&dlReaders[nReaders], DL_DEFAULT,
                  optLeavesReaderData(&readers[iReader]),
                  optLeavesReaderDataBytes(&readers[iReader]));
        }

        /* Merge doclists and swap result into accumulator. */
        dataBufferReset(&merged);
        docListMerge(&merged, dlReaders, nReaders);
        tmp = merged;
        merged = doclist;
        doclist = tmp;

        while( nReaders-- > 0 ){
          dlrDestroy(&dlReaders[nReaders]);
        }

        /* Accumulated doclist to reader 0 for next pass. */
        dlrInit(&dlReaders[0], DL_DEFAULT, doclist.pData, doclist.nData);
      }

      /* Destroy reader that was left in the pipeline. */
      dlrDestroy(&dlReaders[0]);

      /* Trim deletions from the doclist. */
      dataBufferReset(&merged);
      docListTrim(DL_DEFAULT, doclist.pData, doclist.nData,
                  -1, DL_DEFAULT, &merged);
    }

    /* Only pass doclists with hits (skip if all hits deleted). */
    if( merged.nData>0 ){
      rc = leafWriterStep(v, pWriter,
                          optLeavesReaderTerm(&readers[0]),
                          optLeavesReaderTermBytes(&readers[0]),
                          merged.pData, merged.nData);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto err;
    }

    /* Step merged readers to next term and reorder. */
    while( i-- > 0 ){
      rc = optLeavesReaderStep(v, &readers[i]);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto err;

      optLeavesReaderReorder(&readers[i], nReaders-i);
    }
  }

 err:
  dataBufferDestroy(&doclist);
  dataBufferDestroy(&merged);
  return rc;
}

/* Implement optimize() function for FTS3.  optimize(t) merges all
** segments in the fts index into a single segment.  't' is the magic
** table-named column.
*/
static void optimizeFunc(sqlite3_context *pContext,
                         int argc, sqlite3_value **argv){
  fulltext_cursor *pCursor;
  if( argc>1 ){
    sqlite3_result_error(pContext, "excess arguments to optimize()",-1);
  }else if( sqlite3_value_type(argv[0])!=SQLITE_BLOB ||
            sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[0])!=sizeof(pCursor) ){
    sqlite3_result_error(pContext, "illegal first argument to optimize",-1);
  }else{
    fulltext_vtab *v;
    int i, rc, iMaxLevel;
    OptLeavesReader *readers;
    int nReaders;
    LeafWriter writer;
    sqlite3_stmt *s;

    memcpy(&pCursor, sqlite3_value_blob(argv[0]), sizeof(pCursor));
    v = cursor_vtab(pCursor);

    /* Flush any buffered updates before optimizing. */
    rc = flushPendingTerms(v);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto err;

    rc = segdir_count(v, &nReaders, &iMaxLevel);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto err;
    if( nReaders==0 || nReaders==1 ){
      sqlite3_result_text(pContext, "Index already optimal", -1,
                          SQLITE_STATIC);
      return;
    }

    rc = sql_get_statement(v, SEGDIR_SELECT_ALL_STMT, &s);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto err;

    readers = sqlite3_malloc(nReaders*sizeof(readers[0]));
    if( readers==NULL ) goto err;

    /* Note that there will already be a segment at this position
    ** until we call segdir_delete() on iMaxLevel.
    */
    leafWriterInit(iMaxLevel, 0, &writer);

    i = 0;
    while( (rc = sqlite3_step(s))==SQLITE_ROW ){
      sqlite_int64 iStart = sqlite3_column_int64(s, 0);
      sqlite_int64 iEnd = sqlite3_column_int64(s, 1);
      const char *pRootData = sqlite3_column_blob(s, 2);
      int nRootData = sqlite3_column_bytes(s, 2);

      assert( i<nReaders );
      rc = leavesReaderInit(v, -1, iStart, iEnd, pRootData, nRootData,
                            &readers[i].reader);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) break;

      readers[i].segment = i;
      i++;
    }

    /* If we managed to successfully read them all, optimize them. */
    if( rc==SQLITE_DONE ){
      assert( i==nReaders );
      rc = optimizeInternal(v, readers, nReaders, &writer);
    }

    while( i-- > 0 ){
      leavesReaderDestroy(&readers[i].reader);
    }
    sqlite3_free(readers);

    /* If we've successfully gotten to here, delete the old segments
    ** and flush the interior structure of the new segment.
    */
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      for( i=0; i<=iMaxLevel; i++ ){
        rc = segdir_delete(v, i);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) break;
      }

      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ) rc = leafWriterFinalize(v, &writer);
    }

    leafWriterDestroy(&writer);

    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto err;

    sqlite3_result_text(pContext, "Index optimized", -1, SQLITE_STATIC);
    return;

    /* TODO(shess): Error-handling needs to be improved along the
    ** lines of the dump_ functions.
    */
 err:
    {
      char buf[512];
      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(buf), buf, "Error in optimize: %s",
                       sqlite3_errmsg(sqlite3_context_db_handle(pContext)));
      sqlite3_result_error(pContext, buf, -1);
    }
  }
}

#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
/* Generate an error of the form "<prefix>: <msg>".  If msg is NULL,
** pull the error from the context's db handle.
*/
static void generateError(sqlite3_context *pContext,
                          const char *prefix, const char *msg){
  char buf[512];
  if( msg==NULL ) msg = sqlite3_errmsg(sqlite3_context_db_handle(pContext));
  sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(buf), buf, "%s: %s", prefix, msg);
  sqlite3_result_error(pContext, buf, -1);
}

/* Helper function to collect the set of terms in the segment into
** pTerms.  The segment is defined by the leaf nodes between
** iStartBlockid and iEndBlockid, inclusive, or by the contents of
** pRootData if iStartBlockid is 0 (in which case the entire segment
** fit in a leaf).
*/
static int collectSegmentTerms(fulltext_vtab *v, sqlite3_stmt *s,
                               fts2Hash *pTerms){
  const sqlite_int64 iStartBlockid = sqlite3_column_int64(s, 0);
  const sqlite_int64 iEndBlockid = sqlite3_column_int64(s, 1);
  const char *pRootData = sqlite3_column_blob(s, 2);
  const int nRootData = sqlite3_column_bytes(s, 2);
  LeavesReader reader;
  int rc = leavesReaderInit(v, 0, iStartBlockid, iEndBlockid,
                            pRootData, nRootData, &reader);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  while( rc==SQLITE_OK && !leavesReaderAtEnd(&reader) ){
    const char *pTerm = leavesReaderTerm(&reader);
    const int nTerm = leavesReaderTermBytes(&reader);
    void *oldValue = sqlite3Fts2HashFind(pTerms, pTerm, nTerm);
    void *newValue = (void *)((char *)oldValue+1);

    /* From the comment before sqlite3Fts2HashInsert in fts2_hash.c,
    ** the data value passed is returned in case of malloc failure.
    */
    if( newValue==sqlite3Fts2HashInsert(pTerms, pTerm, nTerm, newValue) ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }else{
      rc = leavesReaderStep(v, &reader);
    }
  }

  leavesReaderDestroy(&reader);
  return rc;
}

/* Helper function to build the result string for dump_terms(). */
static int generateTermsResult(sqlite3_context *pContext, fts2Hash *pTerms){
  int iTerm, nTerms, nResultBytes, iByte;
  char *result;
  TermData *pData;
  fts2HashElem *e;

  /* Iterate pTerms to generate an array of terms in pData for
  ** sorting.
  */
  nTerms = fts2HashCount(pTerms);
  assert( nTerms>0 );
  pData = sqlite3_malloc(nTerms*sizeof(TermData));
  if( pData==NULL ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;

  nResultBytes = 0;
  for(iTerm = 0, e = fts2HashFirst(pTerms); e; iTerm++, e = fts2HashNext(e)){
    nResultBytes += fts2HashKeysize(e)+1;   /* Term plus trailing space */
    assert( iTerm<nTerms );
    pData[iTerm].pTerm = fts2HashKey(e);
    pData[iTerm].nTerm = fts2HashKeysize(e);
    pData[iTerm].pCollector = fts2HashData(e);  /* unused */
  }
  assert( iTerm==nTerms );

  assert( nResultBytes>0 );   /* nTerms>0, nResultsBytes must be, too. */
  result = sqlite3_malloc(nResultBytes);
  if( result==NULL ){
    sqlite3_free(pData);
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }

  if( nTerms>1 ) qsort(pData, nTerms, sizeof(*pData), termDataCmp);

  /* Read the terms in order to build the result. */
  iByte = 0;
  for(iTerm=0; iTerm<nTerms; ++iTerm){
    memcpy(result+iByte, pData[iTerm].pTerm, pData[iTerm].nTerm);
    iByte += pData[iTerm].nTerm;
    result[iByte++] = ' ';
  }
  assert( iByte==nResultBytes );
  assert( result[nResultBytes-1]==' ' );
  result[nResultBytes-1] = '\0';

  /* Passes away ownership of result. */
  sqlite3_result_text(pContext, result, nResultBytes-1, sqlite3_free);
  sqlite3_free(pData);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* Implements dump_terms() for use in inspecting the fts2 index from
** tests.  TEXT result containing the ordered list of terms joined by
** spaces.  dump_terms(t, level, idx) dumps the terms for the segment
** specified by level, idx (in %_segdir), while dump_terms(t) dumps
** all terms in the index.  In both cases t is the fts table's magic
** table-named column.
*/
static void dumpTermsFunc(
  sqlite3_context *pContext,
  int argc, sqlite3_value **argv
){
  fulltext_cursor *pCursor;
  if( argc!=3 && argc!=1 ){
    generateError(pContext, "dump_terms", "incorrect arguments");
  }else if( sqlite3_value_type(argv[0])!=SQLITE_BLOB ||
            sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[0])!=sizeof(pCursor) ){
    generateError(pContext, "dump_terms", "illegal first argument");
  }else{
    fulltext_vtab *v;
    fts2Hash terms;
    sqlite3_stmt *s = NULL;
    int rc;

    memcpy(&pCursor, sqlite3_value_blob(argv[0]), sizeof(pCursor));
    v = cursor_vtab(pCursor);

    /* If passed only the cursor column, get all segments.  Otherwise
    ** get the segment described by the following two arguments.
    */
    if( argc==1 ){
      rc = sql_get_statement(v, SEGDIR_SELECT_ALL_STMT, &s);
    }else{
      rc = sql_get_statement(v, SEGDIR_SELECT_SEGMENT_STMT, &s);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        rc = sqlite3_bind_int(s, 1, sqlite3_value_int(argv[1]));
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          rc = sqlite3_bind_int(s, 2, sqlite3_value_int(argv[2]));
        }
      }
    }

    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      generateError(pContext, "dump_terms", NULL);
      return;
    }

    /* Collect the terms for each segment. */
    sqlite3Fts2HashInit(&terms, FTS2_HASH_STRING, 1);
    while( (rc = sqlite3_step(s))==SQLITE_ROW ){
      rc = collectSegmentTerms(v, s, &terms);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) break;
    }

    if( rc!=SQLITE_DONE ){
      sqlite3_reset(s);
      generateError(pContext, "dump_terms", NULL);
    }else{
      const int nTerms = fts2HashCount(&terms);
      if( nTerms>0 ){
        rc = generateTermsResult(pContext, &terms);
        if( rc==SQLITE_NOMEM ){
          generateError(pContext, "dump_terms", "out of memory");
        }else{
          assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );
        }
      }else if( argc==3 ){
        /* The specific segment asked for could not be found. */
        generateError(pContext, "dump_terms", "segment not found");
      }else{
        /* No segments found. */
        /* TODO(shess): It should be impossible to reach this.  This
        ** case can only happen for an empty table, in which case
        ** SQLite has no rows to call this function on.
        */
        sqlite3_result_null(pContext);
      }
    }
    sqlite3Fts2HashClear(&terms);
  }
}

/* Expand the DL_DEFAULT doclist in pData into a text result in
** pContext.
*/
static void createDoclistResult(sqlite3_context *pContext,
                                const char *pData, int nData){
  DataBuffer dump;
  DLReader dlReader;

  assert( pData!=NULL && nData>0 );

  dataBufferInit(&dump, 0);
  dlrInit(&dlReader, DL_DEFAULT, pData, nData);
  for( ; !dlrAtEnd(&dlReader); dlrStep(&dlReader) ){
    char buf[256];
    PLReader plReader;

    plrInit(&plReader, &dlReader);
    if( DL_DEFAULT==DL_DOCIDS || plrAtEnd(&plReader) ){
      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(buf), buf, "[%lld] ", dlrDocid(&dlReader));
      dataBufferAppend(&dump, buf, strlen(buf));
    }else{
      int iColumn = plrColumn(&plReader);

      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(buf), buf, "[%lld %d[",
                       dlrDocid(&dlReader), iColumn);
      dataBufferAppend(&dump, buf, strlen(buf));

      for( ; !plrAtEnd(&plReader); plrStep(&plReader) ){
        if( plrColumn(&plReader)!=iColumn ){
          iColumn = plrColumn(&plReader);
          sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(buf), buf, "] %d[", iColumn);
          assert( dump.nData>0 );
          dump.nData--;                     /* Overwrite trailing space. */
          assert( dump.pData[dump.nData]==' ');
          dataBufferAppend(&dump, buf, strlen(buf));
        }
        if( DL_DEFAULT==DL_POSITIONS_OFFSETS ){
          sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(buf), buf, "%d,%d,%d ",
                           plrPosition(&plReader),
                           plrStartOffset(&plReader), plrEndOffset(&plReader));
        }else if( DL_DEFAULT==DL_POSITIONS ){
          sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(buf), buf, "%d ", plrPosition(&plReader));
        }else{
          assert( NULL=="Unhandled DL_DEFAULT value");
        }
        dataBufferAppend(&dump, buf, strlen(buf));
      }
      plrDestroy(&plReader);

      assert( dump.nData>0 );
      dump.nData--;                     /* Overwrite trailing space. */
      assert( dump.pData[dump.nData]==' ');
      dataBufferAppend(&dump, "]] ", 3);
    }
  }
  dlrDestroy(&dlReader);

  assert( dump.nData>0 );
  dump.nData--;                     /* Overwrite trailing space. */
  assert( dump.pData[dump.nData]==' ');
  dump.pData[dump.nData] = '\0';
  assert( dump.nData>0 );

  /* Passes ownership of dump's buffer to pContext. */
  sqlite3_result_text(pContext, dump.pData, dump.nData, sqlite3_free);
  dump.pData = NULL;
  dump.nData = dump.nCapacity = 0;
}

/* Implements dump_doclist() for use in inspecting the fts2 index from
** tests.  TEXT result containing a string representation of the
** doclist for the indicated term.  dump_doclist(t, term, level, idx)
** dumps the doclist for term from the segment specified by level, idx
** (in %_segdir), while dump_doclist(t, term) dumps the logical
** doclist for the term across all segments.  The per-segment doclist
** can contain deletions, while the full-index doclist will not
** (deletions are omitted).
**
** Result formats differ with the setting of DL_DEFAULTS.  Examples:
**
** DL_DOCIDS: [1] [3] [7]
** DL_POSITIONS: [1 0[0 4] 1[17]] [3 1[5]]
** DL_POSITIONS_OFFSETS: [1 0[0,0,3 4,23,26] 1[17,102,105]] [3 1[5,20,23]]
**
** In each case the number after the outer '[' is the docid.  In the
** latter two cases, the number before the inner '[' is the column
** associated with the values within.  For DL_POSITIONS the numbers
** within are the positions, for DL_POSITIONS_OFFSETS they are the
** position, the start offset, and the end offset.
*/
static void dumpDoclistFunc(
  sqlite3_context *pContext,
  int argc, sqlite3_value **argv
){
  fulltext_cursor *pCursor;
  if( argc!=2 && argc!=4 ){
    generateError(pContext, "dump_doclist", "incorrect arguments");
  }else if( sqlite3_value_type(argv[0])!=SQLITE_BLOB ||
            sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[0])!=sizeof(pCursor) ){
    generateError(pContext, "dump_doclist", "illegal first argument");
  }else if( sqlite3_value_text(argv[1])==NULL ||
            sqlite3_value_text(argv[1])[0]=='\0' ){
    generateError(pContext, "dump_doclist", "empty second argument");
  }else{
    const char *pTerm = (const char *)sqlite3_value_text(argv[1]);
    const int nTerm = strlen(pTerm);
    fulltext_vtab *v;
    int rc;
    DataBuffer doclist;

    memcpy(&pCursor, sqlite3_value_blob(argv[0]), sizeof(pCursor));
    v = cursor_vtab(pCursor);

    dataBufferInit(&doclist, 0);

    /* termSelect() yields the same logical doclist that queries are
    ** run against.
    */
    if( argc==2 ){
      rc = termSelect(v, v->nColumn, pTerm, nTerm, 0, DL_DEFAULT, &doclist);
    }else{
      sqlite3_stmt *s = NULL;

      /* Get our specific segment's information. */
      rc = sql_get_statement(v, SEGDIR_SELECT_SEGMENT_STMT, &s);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        rc = sqlite3_bind_int(s, 1, sqlite3_value_int(argv[2]));
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          rc = sqlite3_bind_int(s, 2, sqlite3_value_int(argv[3]));
        }
      }

      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        rc = sqlite3_step(s);

        if( rc==SQLITE_DONE ){
          dataBufferDestroy(&doclist);
          generateError(pContext, "dump_doclist", "segment not found");
          return;
        }

        /* Found a segment, load it into doclist. */
        if( rc==SQLITE_ROW ){
          const sqlite_int64 iLeavesEnd = sqlite3_column_int64(s, 1);
          const char *pData = sqlite3_column_blob(s, 2);
          const int nData = sqlite3_column_bytes(s, 2);

          /* loadSegment() is used by termSelect() to load each
          ** segment's data.
          */
          rc = loadSegment(v, pData, nData, iLeavesEnd, pTerm, nTerm, 0,
                           &doclist);
          if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
            rc = sqlite3_step(s);

            /* Should not have more than one matching segment. */
            if( rc!=SQLITE_DONE ){
              sqlite3_reset(s);
              dataBufferDestroy(&doclist);
              generateError(pContext, "dump_doclist", "invalid segdir");
              return;
            }
            rc = SQLITE_OK;
          }
        }
      }

      sqlite3_reset(s);
    }

    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      if( doclist.nData>0 ){
        createDoclistResult(pContext, doclist.pData, doclist.nData);
      }else{
        /* TODO(shess): This can happen if the term is not present, or
        ** if all instances of the term have been deleted and this is
        ** an all-index dump.  It may be interesting to distinguish
        ** these cases.
        */
        sqlite3_result_text(pContext, "", 0, SQLITE_STATIC);
      }
    }else if( rc==SQLITE_NOMEM ){
      /* Handle out-of-memory cases specially because if they are
      ** generated in fts2 code they may not be reflected in the db
      ** handle.
      */
      /* TODO(shess): Handle this more comprehensively.
      ** sqlite3ErrStr() has what I need, but is internal.
      */
      generateError(pContext, "dump_doclist", "out of memory");
    }else{
      generateError(pContext, "dump_doclist", NULL);
    }

    dataBufferDestroy(&doclist);
  }
}
#endif

/*
** This routine implements the xFindFunction method for the FTS2
** virtual table.
*/
static int fulltextFindFunction(
  sqlite3_vtab *pVtab,
  int nArg,
................................................................................
){
  if( strcmp(zName,"snippet")==0 ){
    *pxFunc = snippetFunc;
    return 1;
  }else if( strcmp(zName,"offsets")==0 ){
    *pxFunc = snippetOffsetsFunc;
    return 1;
  }else if( strcmp(zName,"optimize")==0 ){
    *pxFunc = optimizeFunc;
    return 1;
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
    /* NOTE(shess): These functions are present only for testing
    ** purposes.  No particular effort is made to optimize their
    ** execution or how they build their results.
    */
  }else if( strcmp(zName,"dump_terms")==0 ){
    /* fprintf(stderr, "Found dump_terms\n"); */
    *pxFunc = dumpTermsFunc;
    return 1;
  }else if( strcmp(zName,"dump_doclist")==0 ){
    /* fprintf(stderr, "Found dump_doclist\n"); */
    *pxFunc = dumpDoclistFunc;
    return 1;
#endif
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** Rename an fts2 table.
*/
................................................................................
  ** the two scalar functions. If this is successful, register the
  ** module with sqlite.
  */
  if( SQLITE_OK==rc 
   && SQLITE_OK==(rc = sqlite3Fts2InitHashTable(db, pHash, "fts2_tokenizer"))
   && SQLITE_OK==(rc = sqlite3_overload_function(db, "snippet", -1))
   && SQLITE_OK==(rc = sqlite3_overload_function(db, "offsets", -1))
   && SQLITE_OK==(rc = sqlite3_overload_function(db, "optimize", -1))
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
   && SQLITE_OK==(rc = sqlite3_overload_function(db, "dump_terms", -1))
   && SQLITE_OK==(rc = sqlite3_overload_function(db, "dump_doclist", -1))
#endif
  ){
    return sqlite3_create_module_v2(
        db, "fts2", &fts2Module, (void *)pHash, hashDestroy
    );
  }

  /* An error has occurred. Delete the hash table and return the error code. */
  assert( rc!=SQLITE_OK );
  if( pHash ){
    sqlite3Fts2HashClear(pHash);
    sqlite3_free(pHash);
  }
  return rc;
}

Changes to SQLite.Interop/FTS2/fts2_hash.c.

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*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_CORE) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS2)

#include <assert.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>


#include "fts2_hash.h"




static void *malloc_and_zero(int n){
  void *p = malloc(n);
  if( p ){
    memset(p, 0, n);
  }
  return p;



}

/* Turn bulk memory into a hash table object by initializing the
** fields of the Hash structure.
**
** "pNew" is a pointer to the hash table that is to be initialized.
** keyClass is one of the constants 
................................................................................
  assert( keyClass>=FTS2_HASH_STRING && keyClass<=FTS2_HASH_BINARY );
  pNew->keyClass = keyClass;
  pNew->copyKey = copyKey;
  pNew->first = 0;
  pNew->count = 0;
  pNew->htsize = 0;
  pNew->ht = 0;
  pNew->xMalloc = malloc_and_zero;
  pNew->xFree = free;
}

/* Remove all entries from a hash table.  Reclaim all memory.
** Call this routine to delete a hash table or to reset a hash table
** to the empty state.
*/
void sqlite3Fts2HashClear(fts2Hash *pH){
  fts2HashElem *elem;         /* For looping over all elements of the table */

  assert( pH!=0 );
  elem = pH->first;
  pH->first = 0;
  if( pH->ht ) pH->xFree(pH->ht);
  pH->ht = 0;
  pH->htsize = 0;
  while( elem ){
    fts2HashElem *next_elem = elem->next;
    if( pH->copyKey && elem->pKey ){
      pH->xFree(elem->pKey);
    }
    pH->xFree(elem);
    elem = next_elem;
  }
  pH->count = 0;
}

/*
** Hash and comparison functions when the mode is FTS2_HASH_STRING
................................................................................
*/
static void rehash(fts2Hash *pH, int new_size){
  struct _fts2ht *new_ht;          /* The new hash table */
  fts2HashElem *elem, *next_elem;  /* For looping over existing elements */
  int (*xHash)(const void*,int);   /* The hash function */

  assert( (new_size & (new_size-1))==0 );
  new_ht = (struct _fts2ht *)pH->xMalloc( new_size*sizeof(struct _fts2ht) );
  if( new_ht==0 ) return;
  if( pH->ht ) pH->xFree(pH->ht);
  pH->ht = new_ht;
  pH->htsize = new_size;
  xHash = hashFunction(pH->keyClass);
  for(elem=pH->first, pH->first=0; elem; elem = next_elem){
    int h = (*xHash)(elem->pKey, elem->nKey) & (new_size-1);
    next_elem = elem->next;
    insertElement(pH, &new_ht[h], elem);
................................................................................
    pEntry->chain = elem->next;
  }
  pEntry->count--;
  if( pEntry->count<=0 ){
    pEntry->chain = 0;
  }
  if( pH->copyKey && elem->pKey ){
    pH->xFree(elem->pKey);
  }
  pH->xFree( elem );
  pH->count--;
  if( pH->count<=0 ){
    assert( pH->first==0 );
    assert( pH->count==0 );
    fts2HashClear(pH);
  }
}
................................................................................
      removeElementGivenHash(pH,elem,h);
    }else{
      elem->data = data;
    }
    return old_data;
  }
  if( data==0 ) return 0;
  new_elem = (fts2HashElem*)pH->xMalloc( sizeof(fts2HashElem) );
  if( new_elem==0 ) return data;
  if( pH->copyKey && pKey!=0 ){
    new_elem->pKey = pH->xMalloc( nKey );
    if( new_elem->pKey==0 ){
      pH->xFree(new_elem);
      return data;
    }
    memcpy((void*)new_elem->pKey, pKey, nKey);
  }else{
    new_elem->pKey = (void*)pKey;
  }
  new_elem->nKey = nKey;
  pH->count++;
  if( pH->htsize==0 ){
    rehash(pH,8);
    if( pH->htsize==0 ){
      pH->count = 0;
      pH->xFree(new_elem);
      return data;
    }
  }
  if( pH->count > pH->htsize ){
    rehash(pH,pH->htsize*2);
  }
  assert( pH->htsize>0 );







>


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*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_CORE) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS2)

#include <assert.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>

#include "sqlite3.h"
#include "fts2_hash.h"

/*
** Malloc and Free functions
*/
static void *fts2HashMalloc(int n){
  void *p = sqlite3_malloc(n);
  if( p ){
    memset(p, 0, n);
  }
  return p;
}
static void fts2HashFree(void *p){
  sqlite3_free(p);
}

/* Turn bulk memory into a hash table object by initializing the
** fields of the Hash structure.
**
** "pNew" is a pointer to the hash table that is to be initialized.
** keyClass is one of the constants 
................................................................................
  assert( keyClass>=FTS2_HASH_STRING && keyClass<=FTS2_HASH_BINARY );
  pNew->keyClass = keyClass;
  pNew->copyKey = copyKey;
  pNew->first = 0;
  pNew->count = 0;
  pNew->htsize = 0;
  pNew->ht = 0;


}

/* Remove all entries from a hash table.  Reclaim all memory.
** Call this routine to delete a hash table or to reset a hash table
** to the empty state.
*/
void sqlite3Fts2HashClear(fts2Hash *pH){
  fts2HashElem *elem;         /* For looping over all elements of the table */

  assert( pH!=0 );
  elem = pH->first;
  pH->first = 0;
  fts2HashFree(pH->ht);
  pH->ht = 0;
  pH->htsize = 0;
  while( elem ){
    fts2HashElem *next_elem = elem->next;
    if( pH->copyKey && elem->pKey ){
      fts2HashFree(elem->pKey);
    }
    fts2HashFree(elem);
    elem = next_elem;
  }
  pH->count = 0;
}

/*
** Hash and comparison functions when the mode is FTS2_HASH_STRING
................................................................................
*/
static void rehash(fts2Hash *pH, int new_size){
  struct _fts2ht *new_ht;          /* The new hash table */
  fts2HashElem *elem, *next_elem;  /* For looping over existing elements */
  int (*xHash)(const void*,int);   /* The hash function */

  assert( (new_size & (new_size-1))==0 );
  new_ht = (struct _fts2ht *)fts2HashMalloc( new_size*sizeof(struct _fts2ht) );
  if( new_ht==0 ) return;
  fts2HashFree(pH->ht);
  pH->ht = new_ht;
  pH->htsize = new_size;
  xHash = hashFunction(pH->keyClass);
  for(elem=pH->first, pH->first=0; elem; elem = next_elem){
    int h = (*xHash)(elem->pKey, elem->nKey) & (new_size-1);
    next_elem = elem->next;
    insertElement(pH, &new_ht[h], elem);
................................................................................
    pEntry->chain = elem->next;
  }
  pEntry->count--;
  if( pEntry->count<=0 ){
    pEntry->chain = 0;
  }
  if( pH->copyKey && elem->pKey ){
    fts2HashFree(elem->pKey);
  }
  fts2HashFree( elem );
  pH->count--;
  if( pH->count<=0 ){
    assert( pH->first==0 );
    assert( pH->count==0 );
    fts2HashClear(pH);
  }
}
................................................................................
      removeElementGivenHash(pH,elem,h);
    }else{
      elem->data = data;
    }
    return old_data;
  }
  if( data==0 ) return 0;
  new_elem = (fts2HashElem*)fts2HashMalloc( sizeof(fts2HashElem) );
  if( new_elem==0 ) return data;
  if( pH->copyKey && pKey!=0 ){
    new_elem->pKey = fts2HashMalloc( nKey );
    if( new_elem->pKey==0 ){
      fts2HashFree(new_elem);
      return data;
    }
    memcpy((void*)new_elem->pKey, pKey, nKey);
  }else{
    new_elem->pKey = (void*)pKey;
  }
  new_elem->nKey = nKey;
  pH->count++;
  if( pH->htsize==0 ){
    rehash(pH,8);
    if( pH->htsize==0 ){
      pH->count = 0;
      fts2HashFree(new_elem);
      return data;
    }
  }
  if( pH->count > pH->htsize ){
    rehash(pH,pH->htsize*2);
  }
  assert( pH->htsize>0 );

Changes to SQLite.Interop/FTS2/fts2_hash.h.

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** this structure opaque.
*/
struct fts2Hash {
  char keyClass;          /* HASH_INT, _POINTER, _STRING, _BINARY */
  char copyKey;           /* True if copy of key made on insert */
  int count;              /* Number of entries in this table */
  fts2HashElem *first;    /* The first element of the array */
  void *(*xMalloc)(int);  /* malloc() function to use */
  void (*xFree)(void *);  /* free() function to use */
  int htsize;             /* Number of buckets in the hash table */
  struct _fts2ht {        /* the hash table */
    int count;               /* Number of entries with this hash */
    fts2HashElem *chain;     /* Pointer to first entry with this hash */
  } *ht;
};








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** this structure opaque.
*/
struct fts2Hash {
  char keyClass;          /* HASH_INT, _POINTER, _STRING, _BINARY */
  char copyKey;           /* True if copy of key made on insert */
  int count;              /* Number of entries in this table */
  fts2HashElem *first;    /* The first element of the array */


  int htsize;             /* Number of buckets in the hash table */
  struct _fts2ht {        /* the hash table */
    int count;               /* Number of entries with this hash */
    fts2HashElem *chain;     /* Pointer to first entry with this hash */
  } *ht;
};

Changes to SQLite.Interop/FTS2/fts2_porter.c.

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#if !defined(SQLITE_CORE) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS2)


#include <assert.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <ctype.h>

#include "fts2_tokenizer.h"

/*
** Class derived from sqlite3_tokenizer
*/
typedef struct porter_tokenizer {
................................................................................
** Create a new tokenizer instance.
*/
static int porterCreate(
  int argc, const char * const *argv,
  sqlite3_tokenizer **ppTokenizer
){
  porter_tokenizer *t;
  t = (porter_tokenizer *) calloc(sizeof(*t), 1);
  if( t==NULL ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;

  *ppTokenizer = &t->base;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Destroy a tokenizer
*/
static int porterDestroy(sqlite3_tokenizer *pTokenizer){
  free(pTokenizer);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Prepare to begin tokenizing a particular string.  The input
** string to be tokenized is zInput[0..nInput-1].  A cursor
** used to incrementally tokenize this string is returned in 
................................................................................
static int porterOpen(
  sqlite3_tokenizer *pTokenizer,         /* The tokenizer */
  const char *zInput, int nInput,        /* String to be tokenized */
  sqlite3_tokenizer_cursor **ppCursor    /* OUT: Tokenization cursor */
){
  porter_tokenizer_cursor *c;

  c = (porter_tokenizer_cursor *) malloc(sizeof(*c));
  if( c==NULL ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;

  c->zInput = zInput;
  if( zInput==0 ){
    c->nInput = 0;
  }else if( nInput<0 ){
    c->nInput = (int)strlen(zInput);
................................................................................

/*
** Close a tokenization cursor previously opened by a call to
** porterOpen() above.
*/
static int porterClose(sqlite3_tokenizer_cursor *pCursor){
  porter_tokenizer_cursor *c = (porter_tokenizer_cursor *) pCursor;
  free(c->zToken);
  free(c);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
/*
** Vowel or consonant
*/
static const char cType[] = {
   0, 1, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0,
................................................................................
      c->iOffset++;
    }

    if( c->iOffset>iStartOffset ){
      int n = c->iOffset-iStartOffset;
      if( n>c->nAllocated ){
        c->nAllocated = n+20;
        c->zToken = realloc(c->zToken, c->nAllocated);
        if( c->zToken==NULL ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
      }
      porter_stemmer(&z[iStartOffset], n, c->zToken, pnBytes);
      *pzToken = c->zToken;
      *piStartOffset = iStartOffset;
      *piEndOffset = c->iOffset;
      *piPosition = c->iToken++;







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#if !defined(SQLITE_CORE) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS2)


#include <assert.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>


#include "fts2_tokenizer.h"

/*
** Class derived from sqlite3_tokenizer
*/
typedef struct porter_tokenizer {
................................................................................
** Create a new tokenizer instance.
*/
static int porterCreate(
  int argc, const char * const *argv,
  sqlite3_tokenizer **ppTokenizer
){
  porter_tokenizer *t;
  t = (porter_tokenizer *) sqlite3_malloc(sizeof(*t));
  if( t==NULL ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  memset(t, 0, sizeof(*t));
  *ppTokenizer = &t->base;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Destroy a tokenizer
*/
static int porterDestroy(sqlite3_tokenizer *pTokenizer){
  sqlite3_free(pTokenizer);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Prepare to begin tokenizing a particular string.  The input
** string to be tokenized is zInput[0..nInput-1].  A cursor
** used to incrementally tokenize this string is returned in 
................................................................................
static int porterOpen(
  sqlite3_tokenizer *pTokenizer,         /* The tokenizer */
  const char *zInput, int nInput,        /* String to be tokenized */
  sqlite3_tokenizer_cursor **ppCursor    /* OUT: Tokenization cursor */
){
  porter_tokenizer_cursor *c;

  c = (porter_tokenizer_cursor *) sqlite3_malloc(sizeof(*c));
  if( c==NULL ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;

  c->zInput = zInput;
  if( zInput==0 ){
    c->nInput = 0;
  }else if( nInput<0 ){
    c->nInput = (int)strlen(zInput);
................................................................................

/*
** Close a tokenization cursor previously opened by a call to
** porterOpen() above.
*/
static int porterClose(sqlite3_tokenizer_cursor *pCursor){
  porter_tokenizer_cursor *c = (porter_tokenizer_cursor *) pCursor;
  sqlite3_free(c->zToken);
  sqlite3_free(c);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
/*
** Vowel or consonant
*/
static const char cType[] = {
   0, 1, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0,
................................................................................
      c->iOffset++;
    }

    if( c->iOffset>iStartOffset ){
      int n = c->iOffset-iStartOffset;
      if( n>c->nAllocated ){
        c->nAllocated = n+20;
        c->zToken = sqlite3_realloc(c->zToken, c->nAllocated);
        if( c->zToken==NULL ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
      }
      porter_stemmer(&z[iStartOffset], n, c->zToken, pnBytes);
      *pzToken = c->zToken;
      *piStartOffset = iStartOffset;
      *piEndOffset = c->iOffset;
      *piPosition = c->iToken++;

Changes to SQLite.Interop/FTS2/fts2_tokenizer.c.

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  sqlite3_bind_blob(pStmt, 2, &p, sizeof(p), SQLITE_STATIC);
  sqlite3_step(pStmt);

  return sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
}

static
int queryTokenizer(
  sqlite3 *db, 
  char *zName,  
  const sqlite3_tokenizer_module **pp
){
  int rc;
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt;
  const char zSql[] = "SELECT fts2_tokenizer(?)";
................................................................................

/*
** Implementation of the scalar function fts2_tokenizer_internal_test().
** This function is used for testing only, it is not included in the
** build unless SQLITE_TEST is defined.
**
** The purpose of this is to test that the fts2_tokenizer() function
** can be used as designed by the C-code in the queryTokenizer and
** registerTokenizer() functions above. These two functions are repeated
** in the README.tokenizer file as an example, so it is important to
** test them.
**
** To run the tests, evaluate the fts2_tokenizer_internal_test() scalar
** function with no arguments. An assert() will fail if a problem is
** detected. i.e.:
................................................................................
  int rc;
  const sqlite3_tokenizer_module *p1;
  const sqlite3_tokenizer_module *p2;
  sqlite3 *db = (sqlite3 *)sqlite3_user_data(context);

  /* Test the query function */
  sqlite3Fts2SimpleTokenizerModule(&p1);
  rc = queryTokenizer(db, "simple", &p2);
  assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );
  assert( p1==p2 );
  rc = queryTokenizer(db, "nosuchtokenizer", &p2);
  assert( rc==SQLITE_ERROR );
  assert( p2==0 );
  assert( 0==strcmp(sqlite3_errmsg(db), "unknown tokenizer: nosuchtokenizer") );

  /* Test the storage function */
  rc = registerTokenizer(db, "nosuchtokenizer", p1);
  assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );
  rc = queryTokenizer(db, "nosuchtokenizer", &p2);
  assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );
  assert( p2==p1 );

  sqlite3_result_text(context, "ok", -1, SQLITE_STATIC);
}

#endif







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  sqlite3_bind_blob(pStmt, 2, &p, sizeof(p), SQLITE_STATIC);
  sqlite3_step(pStmt);

  return sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
}

static
int queryFts2Tokenizer(
  sqlite3 *db, 
  char *zName,  
  const sqlite3_tokenizer_module **pp
){
  int rc;
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt;
  const char zSql[] = "SELECT fts2_tokenizer(?)";
................................................................................

/*
** Implementation of the scalar function fts2_tokenizer_internal_test().
** This function is used for testing only, it is not included in the
** build unless SQLITE_TEST is defined.
**
** The purpose of this is to test that the fts2_tokenizer() function
** can be used as designed by the C-code in the queryFts2Tokenizer and
** registerTokenizer() functions above. These two functions are repeated
** in the README.tokenizer file as an example, so it is important to
** test them.
**
** To run the tests, evaluate the fts2_tokenizer_internal_test() scalar
** function with no arguments. An assert() will fail if a problem is
** detected. i.e.:
................................................................................
  int rc;
  const sqlite3_tokenizer_module *p1;
  const sqlite3_tokenizer_module *p2;
  sqlite3 *db = (sqlite3 *)sqlite3_user_data(context);

  /* Test the query function */
  sqlite3Fts2SimpleTokenizerModule(&p1);
  rc = queryFts2Tokenizer(db, "simple", &p2);
  assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );
  assert( p1==p2 );
  rc = queryFts2Tokenizer(db, "nosuchtokenizer", &p2);
  assert( rc==SQLITE_ERROR );
  assert( p2==0 );
  assert( 0==strcmp(sqlite3_errmsg(db), "unknown tokenizer: nosuchtokenizer") );

  /* Test the storage function */
  rc = registerTokenizer(db, "nosuchtokenizer", p1);
  assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );
  rc = queryFts2Tokenizer(db, "nosuchtokenizer", &p2);
  assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );
  assert( p2==p1 );

  sqlite3_result_text(context, "ok", -1, SQLITE_STATIC);
}

#endif

Changes to SQLite.Interop/FTS2/fts2_tokenizer1.c.

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#if !defined(SQLITE_CORE) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS2)


#include <assert.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <ctype.h>

#include "fts2_tokenizer.h"

typedef struct simple_tokenizer {
  sqlite3_tokenizer base;
  char delim[128];             /* flag ASCII delimiters */
} simple_tokenizer;
................................................................................
*/
static int simpleCreate(
  int argc, const char * const *argv,
  sqlite3_tokenizer **ppTokenizer
){
  simple_tokenizer *t;

  t = (simple_tokenizer *) calloc(sizeof(*t), 1);
  if( t==NULL ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;


  /* TODO(shess) Delimiters need to remain the same from run to run,
  ** else we need to reindex.  One solution would be a meta-table to
  ** track such information in the database, then we'd only want this
  ** information on the initial create.
  */
  if( argc>1 ){
    int i, n = strlen(argv[1]);
    for(i=0; i<n; i++){
      unsigned char ch = argv[1][i];
      /* We explicitly don't support UTF-8 delimiters for now. */
      if( ch>=0x80 ){
        free(t);
        return SQLITE_ERROR;
      }
      t->delim[ch] = 1;
    }
  } else {
    /* Mark non-alphanumeric ASCII characters as delimiters */
    int i;
    for(i=1; i<0x80; i++){
      t->delim[i] = !isalnum(i);

    }
  }

  *ppTokenizer = &t->base;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Destroy a tokenizer
*/
static int simpleDestroy(sqlite3_tokenizer *pTokenizer){
  free(pTokenizer);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Prepare to begin tokenizing a particular string.  The input
** string to be tokenized is pInput[0..nBytes-1].  A cursor
** used to incrementally tokenize this string is returned in 
................................................................................
static int simpleOpen(
  sqlite3_tokenizer *pTokenizer,         /* The tokenizer */
  const char *pInput, int nBytes,        /* String to be tokenized */
  sqlite3_tokenizer_cursor **ppCursor    /* OUT: Tokenization cursor */
){
  simple_tokenizer_cursor *c;

  c = (simple_tokenizer_cursor *) malloc(sizeof(*c));
  if( c==NULL ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;

  c->pInput = pInput;
  if( pInput==0 ){
    c->nBytes = 0;
  }else if( nBytes<0 ){
    c->nBytes = (int)strlen(pInput);
................................................................................

/*
** Close a tokenization cursor previously opened by a call to
** simpleOpen() above.
*/
static int simpleClose(sqlite3_tokenizer_cursor *pCursor){
  simple_tokenizer_cursor *c = (simple_tokenizer_cursor *) pCursor;
  free(c->pToken);
  free(c);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Extract the next token from a tokenization cursor.  The cursor must
** have been opened by a prior call to simpleOpen().
*/
................................................................................
      c->iOffset++;
    }

    if( c->iOffset>iStartOffset ){
      int i, n = c->iOffset-iStartOffset;
      if( n>c->nTokenAllocated ){
        c->nTokenAllocated = n+20;
        c->pToken = realloc(c->pToken, c->nTokenAllocated);
        if( c->pToken==NULL ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
      }
      for(i=0; i<n; i++){
        /* TODO(shess) This needs expansion to handle UTF-8
        ** case-insensitivity.
        */
        unsigned char ch = p[iStartOffset+i];
        c->pToken[i] = ch<0x80 ? tolower(ch) : ch;
      }
      *ppToken = c->pToken;
      *pnBytes = n;
      *piStartOffset = iStartOffset;
      *piEndOffset = c->iOffset;
      *piPosition = c->iToken++;








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#if !defined(SQLITE_CORE) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS2)


#include <assert.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>


#include "fts2_tokenizer.h"

typedef struct simple_tokenizer {
  sqlite3_tokenizer base;
  char delim[128];             /* flag ASCII delimiters */
} simple_tokenizer;
................................................................................
*/
static int simpleCreate(
  int argc, const char * const *argv,
  sqlite3_tokenizer **ppTokenizer
){
  simple_tokenizer *t;

  t = (simple_tokenizer *) sqlite3_malloc(sizeof(*t));
  if( t==NULL ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  memset(t, 0, sizeof(*t));

  /* TODO(shess) Delimiters need to remain the same from run to run,
  ** else we need to reindex.  One solution would be a meta-table to
  ** track such information in the database, then we'd only want this
  ** information on the initial create.
  */
  if( argc>1 ){
    int i, n = strlen(argv[1]);
    for(i=0; i<n; i++){
      unsigned char ch = argv[1][i];
      /* We explicitly don't support UTF-8 delimiters for now. */
      if( ch>=0x80 ){
        sqlite3_free(t);
        return SQLITE_ERROR;
      }
      t->delim[ch] = 1;
    }
  } else {
    /* Mark non-alphanumeric ASCII characters as delimiters */
    int i;
    for(i=1; i<0x80; i++){
      t->delim[i] = !((i>='0' && i<='9') || (i>='A' && i<='Z') ||
                      (i>='a' && i<='z'));
    }
  }

  *ppTokenizer = &t->base;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Destroy a tokenizer
*/
static int simpleDestroy(sqlite3_tokenizer *pTokenizer){
  sqlite3_free(pTokenizer);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Prepare to begin tokenizing a particular string.  The input
** string to be tokenized is pInput[0..nBytes-1].  A cursor
** used to incrementally tokenize this string is returned in 
................................................................................
static int simpleOpen(
  sqlite3_tokenizer *pTokenizer,         /* The tokenizer */
  const char *pInput, int nBytes,        /* String to be tokenized */
  sqlite3_tokenizer_cursor **ppCursor    /* OUT: Tokenization cursor */
){
  simple_tokenizer_cursor *c;

  c = (simple_tokenizer_cursor *) sqlite3_malloc(sizeof(*c));
  if( c==NULL ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;

  c->pInput = pInput;
  if( pInput==0 ){
    c->nBytes = 0;
  }else if( nBytes<0 ){
    c->nBytes = (int)strlen(pInput);
................................................................................

/*
** Close a tokenization cursor previously opened by a call to
** simpleOpen() above.
*/
static int simpleClose(sqlite3_tokenizer_cursor *pCursor){
  simple_tokenizer_cursor *c = (simple_tokenizer_cursor *) pCursor;
  sqlite3_free(c->pToken);
  sqlite3_free(c);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Extract the next token from a tokenization cursor.  The cursor must
** have been opened by a prior call to simpleOpen().
*/
................................................................................
      c->iOffset++;
    }

    if( c->iOffset>iStartOffset ){
      int i, n = c->iOffset-iStartOffset;
      if( n>c->nTokenAllocated ){
        c->nTokenAllocated = n+20;
        c->pToken = sqlite3_realloc(c->pToken, c->nTokenAllocated);
        if( c->pToken==NULL ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
      }
      for(i=0; i<n; i++){
        /* TODO(shess) This needs expansion to handle UTF-8
        ** case-insensitivity.
        */
        unsigned char ch = p[iStartOffset+i];
        c->pToken[i] = (ch>='A' && ch<='Z') ? (ch - 'A' + 'a') : ch;
      }
      *ppToken = c->pToken;
      *pnBytes = n;
      *piStartOffset = iStartOffset;
      *piEndOffset = c->iOffset;
      *piPosition = c->iToken++;

Changes to SQLite.Interop/SQLite.Interop.rc.

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//
#include "afxres.h"

/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
#undef APSTUDIO_READONLY_SYMBOLS

/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// English (U.S.) resources

#if !defined(AFX_RESOURCE_DLL) || defined(AFX_TARG_ENU)
#ifdef _WIN32
LANGUAGE LANG_ENGLISH, SUBLANG_ENGLISH_US
#pragma code_page(1252)
#endif //_WIN32

#ifdef APSTUDIO_INVOKED
/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//
// TEXTINCLUDE
//

................................................................................

/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//
// Version
//

VS_VERSION_INFO VERSIONINFO
 FILEVERSION 1,0,66,1
 PRODUCTVERSION 1,0,0,0
 FILEFLAGSMASK 0x17L
#ifdef _DEBUG
 FILEFLAGS 0x1L
#else
 FILEFLAGS 0x0L
#endif
................................................................................
BEGIN
    BLOCK "StringFileInfo"
    BEGIN
        BLOCK "040904b0"
        BEGIN
            VALUE "Comments", "http://sqlite.phxsoftware.com"
            VALUE "FileDescription", "System.Data.SQLite Interop Library"
            VALUE "FileVersion", "1.0.66.1"
            VALUE "InternalName", "SQLite.Interop.DLL"
            VALUE "LegalCopyright", "Released to the public domain"
            VALUE "OriginalFilename", "SQLite3.DLL 3.6.23.1"
            VALUE "ProductName", "System.Data.SQLite"
            VALUE "ProductVersion", "1.0"
        END
    END
    BLOCK "VarFileInfo"
    BEGIN
        VALUE "Translation", 0x409, 1200
    END
END

#endif    // English (U.S.) resources
/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////



#ifndef APSTUDIO_INVOKED
/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//







|


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//
#include "afxres.h"

/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
#undef APSTUDIO_READONLY_SYMBOLS

/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// English (United States) resources

#if !defined(AFX_RESOURCE_DLL) || defined(AFX_TARG_ENU)

LANGUAGE LANG_ENGLISH, SUBLANG_ENGLISH_US
#pragma code_page(1252)


#ifdef APSTUDIO_INVOKED
/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//
// TEXTINCLUDE
//

................................................................................

/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//
// Version
//

VS_VERSION_INFO VERSIONINFO
 FILEVERSION 1,0,67,0
 PRODUCTVERSION 1,0,0,0
 FILEFLAGSMASK 0x17L
#ifdef _DEBUG
 FILEFLAGS 0x1L
#else
 FILEFLAGS 0x0L
#endif
................................................................................
BEGIN
    BLOCK "StringFileInfo"
    BEGIN
        BLOCK "040904b0"
        BEGIN
            VALUE "Comments", "http://sqlite.phxsoftware.com"
            VALUE "FileDescription", "System.Data.SQLite Interop Library"
            VALUE "FileVersion", "1.0.67.0"
            VALUE "InternalName", "SQLite.Interop.DLL"
            VALUE "LegalCopyright", "Released to the public domain"
            VALUE "OriginalFilename", "SQLite3.DLL 3.7.4"
            VALUE "ProductName", "System.Data.SQLite"
            VALUE "ProductVersion", "1.0"
        END
    END
    BLOCK "VarFileInfo"
    BEGIN
        VALUE "Translation", 0x409, 1200
    END
END

#endif    // English (United States) resources
/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////



#ifndef APSTUDIO_INVOKED
/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//

Changes to SQLite.Interop/crypt.c.

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  {
    // Rewrite all the pages in the database using the new encryption key
    Pgno nPage;
    Pgno nSkip = PAGER_MJ_PGNO(p);
    DbPage *pPage;
    Pgno n;

    rc = sqlite3PagerPagecount(p, &nPage);

    for(n = 1; rc == SQLITE_OK && n <= nPage; n ++)
    {
      if (n == nSkip) continue;
      rc = sqlite3PagerGet(p, n, &pPage);
      if(!rc)
      {
        rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPage);
        sqlite3PagerUnref(pPage);







|

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  {
    // Rewrite all the pages in the database using the new encryption key
    Pgno nPage;
    Pgno nSkip = PAGER_MJ_PGNO(p);
    DbPage *pPage;
    Pgno n;

    sqlite3PagerPagecount(p, &nPage);

    for(n = 1; n <= nPage; n ++)
    {
      if (n == nSkip) continue;
      rc = sqlite3PagerGet(p, n, &pPage);
      if(!rc)
      {
        rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPage);
        sqlite3PagerUnref(pPage);

Changes to SQLite.Interop/splitsource/alter.c.

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**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains C code routines that used to generate VDBE code
** that implements the ALTER TABLE command.
**
** $Id: alter.c,v 1.1 2008/08/06 21:48:06 rmsimpson Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include <ctype.h>

/*
** The code in this file only exists if we are not omitting the
** ALTER TABLE logic from the build.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_ALTERTABLE

................................................................................
**     -> 'CREATE TABLE def(a, b, c)'
**
** sqlite_rename_table('CREATE INDEX i ON abc(a)', 'def')
**     -> 'CREATE INDEX i ON def(a, b, c)'
*/
static void renameTableFunc(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  unsigned char const *zSql = sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
  unsigned char const *zTableName = sqlite3_value_text(argv[1]);

  int token;
  Token tname;
  unsigned char const *zCsr = zSql;
  int len = 0;
  char *zRet;

  sqlite3 *db = sqlite3_context_db_handle(context);



  /* The principle used to locate the table name in the CREATE TABLE 
  ** statement is that the table name is the first non-space token that
  ** is immediately followed by a TK_LP or TK_USING token.
  */
  if( zSql ){
    do {
      if( !*zCsr ){
        /* Ran out of input before finding an opening bracket. Return NULL. */
        return;
      }

      /* Store the token that zCsr points to in tname. */
      tname.z = zCsr;
      tname.n = len;

      /* Advance zCsr to the next token. Store that token type in 'token',
      ** and its length in 'len' (to be used next iteration of this loop).
      */
      do {
        zCsr += len;
        len = sqlite3GetToken(zCsr, &token);
      } while( token==TK_SPACE || token==TK_COMMENT );
      assert( len>0 );
    } while( token!=TK_LP && token!=TK_USING );

    zRet = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%.*s\"%w\"%s", tname.z - zSql, zSql, 
       zTableName, tname.z+tname.n);
    sqlite3_result_text(context, zRet, -1, SQLITE_DYNAMIC);
  }
}
































































#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
/* This function is used by SQL generated to implement the
** ALTER TABLE command. The first argument is the text of a CREATE TRIGGER 
** statement. The second is a table name. The table name in the CREATE 
** TRIGGER statement is replaced with the third argument and the result 
** returned. This is analagous to renameTableFunc() above, except for CREATE
** TRIGGER, not CREATE INDEX and CREATE TABLE.
*/
static void renameTriggerFunc(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  unsigned char const *zSql = sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
  unsigned char const *zTableName = sqlite3_value_text(argv[1]);

  int token;
  Token tname;
  int dist = 3;
  unsigned char const *zCsr = zSql;
  int len = 0;
  char *zRet;

  sqlite3 *db = sqlite3_context_db_handle(context);



  /* The principle used to locate the table name in the CREATE TRIGGER 
  ** statement is that the table name is the first token that is immediatedly
  ** preceded by either TK_ON or TK_DOT and immediatedly followed by one
  ** of TK_WHEN, TK_BEGIN or TK_FOR.
  */
  if( zSql ){
................................................................................

      if( !*zCsr ){
        /* Ran out of input before finding the table name. Return NULL. */
        return;
      }

      /* Store the token that zCsr points to in tname. */
      tname.z = zCsr;
      tname.n = len;

      /* Advance zCsr to the next token. Store that token type in 'token',
      ** and its length in 'len' (to be used next iteration of this loop).
      */
      do {
        zCsr += len;
................................................................................
        dist = 0;
      }
    } while( dist!=2 || (token!=TK_WHEN && token!=TK_FOR && token!=TK_BEGIN) );

    /* Variable tname now contains the token that is the old table-name
    ** in the CREATE TRIGGER statement.
    */
    zRet = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%.*s\"%w\"%s", tname.z - zSql, zSql, 
       zTableName, tname.z+tname.n);
    sqlite3_result_text(context, zRet, -1, SQLITE_DYNAMIC);
  }
}
#endif   /* !SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER */

/*
** Register built-in functions used to help implement ALTER TABLE
*/
void sqlite3AlterFunctions(sqlite3 *db){
  sqlite3CreateFunc(db, "sqlite_rename_table", 2, SQLITE_UTF8, 0,
                         renameTableFunc, 0, 0);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
  sqlite3CreateFunc(db, "sqlite_rename_trigger", 2, SQLITE_UTF8, 0,
                         renameTriggerFunc, 0, 0);


#endif
}





















































/*
** Generate the text of a WHERE expression which can be used to select all
** temporary triggers on table pTab from the sqlite_temp_master table. If
** table pTab has no temporary triggers, or is itself stored in the 
** temporary database, NULL is returned.
*/
static char *whereTempTriggers(Parse *pParse, Table *pTab){
  Trigger *pTrig;
  char *zWhere = 0;
  char *tmp = 0;
  const Schema *pTempSchema = pParse->db->aDb[1].pSchema; /* Temp db schema */

  /* If the table is not located in the temp-db (in which case NULL is 
  ** returned, loop through the tables list of triggers. For each trigger
  ** that is not part of the temp-db schema, add a clause to the WHERE 
  ** expression being built up in zWhere.
  */
  if( pTab->pSchema!=pTempSchema ){
    sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
    for( pTrig=pTab->pTrigger; pTrig; pTrig=pTrig->pNext ){
      if( pTrig->pSchema==pTempSchema ){
        if( !zWhere ){
          zWhere = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "name=%Q", pTrig->name);
        }else{
          tmp = zWhere;
          zWhere = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s OR name=%Q", zWhere, pTrig->name);
          sqlite3DbFree(db, tmp);
        }
      }
    }
  }





  return zWhere;
}

/*
** Generate code to drop and reload the internal representation of table
** pTab from the database, including triggers and temporary triggers.
** Argument zName is the name of the table in the database schema at
................................................................................
  char *zWhere;
  int iDb;                   /* Index of database containing pTab */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
  Trigger *pTrig;
#endif

  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( !v ) return;
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsAllMutexes(pParse->db) );
  iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(pParse->db, pTab->pSchema);
  assert( iDb>=0 );

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
  /* Drop any table triggers from the internal schema. */
  for(pTrig=pTab->pTrigger; pTrig; pTrig=pTrig->pNext){
    int iTrigDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(pParse->db, pTrig->pSchema);
    assert( iTrigDb==iDb || iTrigDb==1 );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_DropTrigger, iTrigDb, 0, 0, pTrig->name, 0);
  }
#endif

  /* Drop the table and index from the internal schema */
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_DropTable, iDb, 0, 0, pTab->zName, 0);

  /* Reload the table, index and permanent trigger schemas. */
  zWhere = sqlite3MPrintf(pParse->db, "tbl_name=%Q", zName);
  if( !zWhere ) return;
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_ParseSchema, iDb, 0, 0, zWhere, P4_DYNAMIC);

................................................................................
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db; /* Database connection */
  int nTabName;             /* Number of UTF-8 characters in zTabName */
  const char *zTabName;     /* Original name of the table */
  Vdbe *v;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
  char *zWhere = 0;         /* Where clause to locate temp triggers */
#endif
  int isVirtualRename = 0;  /* True if this is a v-table with an xRename() */

  

  if( db->mallocFailed ) goto exit_rename_table;
  assert( pSrc->nSrc==1 );
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsAllMutexes(pParse->db) );

  pTab = sqlite3LocateTable(pParse, 0, pSrc->a[0].zName, pSrc->a[0].zDatabase);
  if( !pTab ) goto exit_rename_table;
  iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(pParse->db, pTab->pSchema);
  zDb = db->aDb[iDb].zName;


  /* Get a NULL terminated version of the new table name. */
  zName = sqlite3NameFromToken(db, pName);
  if( !zName ) goto exit_rename_table;

  /* Check that a table or index named 'zName' does not already exist
  ** in database iDb. If so, this is an error.
................................................................................
        "there is already another table or index with this name: %s", zName);
    goto exit_rename_table;
  }

  /* Make sure it is not a system table being altered, or a reserved name
  ** that the table is being renamed to.
  */

  if( strlen(pTab->zName)>6 && 0==sqlite3StrNICmp(pTab->zName, "sqlite_", 7) ){

    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "table %s may not be altered", pTab->zName);
    goto exit_rename_table;
  }
  if( SQLITE_OK!=sqlite3CheckObjectName(pParse, zName) ){
    goto exit_rename_table;
  }

................................................................................
  }
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  if( sqlite3ViewGetColumnNames(pParse, pTab) ){
    goto exit_rename_table;
  }
  if( IsVirtual(pTab) && pTab->pMod->pModule->xRename ){
    isVirtualRename = 1;



  }
#endif

  /* Begin a transaction and code the VerifyCookie for database iDb. 
  ** Then modify the schema cookie (since the ALTER TABLE modifies the
  ** schema). Open a statement transaction if the table is a virtual
  ** table.
  */
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v==0 ){
    goto exit_rename_table;
  }
  sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, isVirtualRename, iDb);
  sqlite3ChangeCookie(pParse, iDb);

  /* If this is a virtual table, invoke the xRename() function if
  ** one is defined. The xRename() callback will modify the names
  ** of any resources used by the v-table implementation (including other
  ** SQLite tables) that are identified by the name of the virtual table.
  */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  if( isVirtualRename ){
    int i = ++pParse->nMem;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, i, 0, zName, 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_VRename, i, 0, 0,(const char*)pTab->pVtab, P4_VTAB);

  }
#endif

  /* figure out how many UTF-8 characters are in zName */
  zTabName = pTab->zName;
  nTabName = sqlite3Utf8CharLen(zTabName, -1);
















  /* Modify the sqlite_master table to use the new table name. */
  sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
      "UPDATE %Q.%s SET "
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
          "sql = sqlite_rename_table(sql, %Q), "
#else
................................................................................
        "UPDATE sqlite_temp_master SET "
            "sql = sqlite_rename_trigger(sql, %Q), "
            "tbl_name = %Q "
            "WHERE %s;", zName, zName, zWhere);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, zWhere);
  }
#endif













  /* Drop and reload the internal table schema. */
  reloadTableSchema(pParse, pTab, zName);

exit_rename_table:
  sqlite3SrcListDelete(db, pSrc);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, zName);

}



























/*
** This function is called after an "ALTER TABLE ... ADD" statement
** has been parsed. Argument pColDef contains the text of the new
** column definition.
**
** The Table structure pParse->pNewTable was extended to include
................................................................................
  const char *zDb;          /* Database name */
  const char *zTab;         /* Table name */
  char *zCol;               /* Null-terminated column definition */
  Column *pCol;             /* The new column */
  Expr *pDflt;              /* Default value for the new column */
  sqlite3 *db;              /* The database connection; */


  if( pParse->nErr ) return;
  pNew = pParse->pNewTable;
  assert( pNew );

  db = pParse->db;
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsAllMutexes(db) );
  iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pNew->pSchema);
  zDb = db->aDb[iDb].zName;
  zTab = pNew->zName;
  pCol = &pNew->aCol[pNew->nCol-1];
  pDflt = pCol->pDflt;
  pTab = sqlite3FindTable(db, zTab, zDb);
  assert( pTab );

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
  /* Invoke the authorization callback. */
................................................................................
  if( pCol->isPrimKey ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "Cannot add a PRIMARY KEY column");
    return;
  }
  if( pNew->pIndex ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "Cannot add a UNIQUE column");
    return;





  }
  if( pCol->notNull && !pDflt ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, 
        "Cannot add a NOT NULL column with default value NULL");
    return;
  }

................................................................................
    sqlite3ValueFree(pVal);
  }

  /* Modify the CREATE TABLE statement. */
  zCol = sqlite3DbStrNDup(db, (char*)pColDef->z, pColDef->n);
  if( zCol ){
    char *zEnd = &zCol[pColDef->n-1];
    while( (zEnd>zCol && *zEnd==';') || isspace(*(unsigned char *)zEnd) ){

      *zEnd-- = '\0';
    }

    sqlite3NestedParse(pParse, 
        "UPDATE \"%w\".%s SET "
          "sql = substr(sql,1,%d) || ', ' || %Q || substr(sql,%d) "
        "WHERE type = 'table' AND name = %Q", 
      zDb, SCHEMA_TABLE(iDb), pNew->addColOffset, zCol, pNew->addColOffset+1,
      zTab
    );
    sqlite3DbFree(db, zCol);

  }

  /* If the default value of the new column is NULL, then set the file
  ** format to 2. If the default value of the new column is not NULL,
  ** the file format becomes 3.
  */
  sqlite3MinimumFileFormat(pParse, iDb, pDflt ? 3 : 2);
................................................................................
    goto exit_begin_add_column;
  }

  assert( pTab->addColOffset>0 );
  iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pTab->pSchema);

  /* Put a copy of the Table struct in Parse.pNewTable for the
  ** sqlite3AddColumn() function and friends to modify.




  */
  pNew = (Table*)sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(Table));
  if( !pNew ) goto exit_begin_add_column;
  pParse->pNewTable = pNew;
  pNew->nRef = 1;
  pNew->db = db;
  pNew->nCol = pTab->nCol;
  assert( pNew->nCol>0 );
  nAlloc = (((pNew->nCol-1)/8)*8)+8;
  assert( nAlloc>=pNew->nCol && nAlloc%8==0 && nAlloc-pNew->nCol<8 );
  pNew->aCol = (Column*)sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(Column)*nAlloc);
  pNew->zName = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pTab->zName);
  if( !pNew->aCol || !pNew->zName ){
    db->mallocFailed = 1;
    goto exit_begin_add_column;
  }
  memcpy(pNew->aCol, pTab->aCol, sizeof(Column)*pNew->nCol);
  for(i=0; i<pNew->nCol; i++){
    Column *pCol = &pNew->aCol[i];
    pCol->zName = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pCol->zName);
    pCol->zColl = 0;
    pCol->zType = 0;
    pCol->pDflt = 0;

  }
  pNew->pSchema = db->aDb[iDb].pSchema;
  pNew->addColOffset = pTab->addColOffset;
  pNew->nRef = 1;

  /* Begin a transaction and increment the schema cookie.  */
  sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 0, iDb);







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**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains C code routines that used to generate VDBE code
** that implements the ALTER TABLE command.


*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"


/*
** The code in this file only exists if we are not omitting the
** ALTER TABLE logic from the build.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_ALTERTABLE

................................................................................
**     -> 'CREATE TABLE def(a, b, c)'
**
** sqlite_rename_table('CREATE INDEX i ON abc(a)', 'def')
**     -> 'CREATE INDEX i ON def(a, b, c)'
*/
static void renameTableFunc(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int NotUsed,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  unsigned char const *zSql = sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
  unsigned char const *zTableName = sqlite3_value_text(argv[1]);

  int token;
  Token tname;
  unsigned char const *zCsr = zSql;
  int len = 0;
  char *zRet;

  sqlite3 *db = sqlite3_context_db_handle(context);

  UNUSED_PARAMETER(NotUsed);

  /* The principle used to locate the table name in the CREATE TABLE 
  ** statement is that the table name is the first non-space token that
  ** is immediately followed by a TK_LP or TK_USING token.
  */
  if( zSql ){
    do {
      if( !*zCsr ){
        /* Ran out of input before finding an opening bracket. Return NULL. */
        return;
      }

      /* Store the token that zCsr points to in tname. */
      tname.z = (char*)zCsr;
      tname.n = len;

      /* Advance zCsr to the next token. Store that token type in 'token',
      ** and its length in 'len' (to be used next iteration of this loop).
      */
      do {
        zCsr += len;
        len = sqlite3GetToken(zCsr, &token);
      } while( token==TK_SPACE );
      assert( len>0 );
    } while( token!=TK_LP && token!=TK_USING );

    zRet = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%.*s\"%w\"%s", ((u8*)tname.z) - zSql, zSql, 
       zTableName, tname.z+tname.n);
    sqlite3_result_text(context, zRet, -1, SQLITE_DYNAMIC);
  }
}

/*
** This C function implements an SQL user function that is used by SQL code
** generated by the ALTER TABLE ... RENAME command to modify the definition
** of any foreign key constraints that use the table being renamed as the 
** parent table. It is passed three arguments:
**
**   1) The complete text of the CREATE TABLE statement being modified,
**   2) The old name of the table being renamed, and
**   3) The new name of the table being renamed.
**
** It returns the new CREATE TABLE statement. For example:
**
**   sqlite_rename_parent('CREATE TABLE t1(a REFERENCES t2)', 't2', 't3')
**       -> 'CREATE TABLE t1(a REFERENCES t3)'
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
static void renameParentFunc(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int NotUsed,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  sqlite3 *db = sqlite3_context_db_handle(context);
  char *zOutput = 0;
  char *zResult;
  unsigned char const *zInput = sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
  unsigned char const *zOld = sqlite3_value_text(argv[1]);
  unsigned char const *zNew = sqlite3_value_text(argv[2]);

  unsigned const char *z;         /* Pointer to token */
  int n;                          /* Length of token z */
  int token;                      /* Type of token */

  UNUSED_PARAMETER(NotUsed);
  for(z=zInput; *z; z=z+n){
    n = sqlite3GetToken(z, &token);
    if( token==TK_REFERENCES ){
      char *zParent;
      do {
        z += n;
        n = sqlite3GetToken(z, &token);
      }while( token==TK_SPACE );

      zParent = sqlite3DbStrNDup(db, (const char *)z, n);
      if( zParent==0 ) break;
      sqlite3Dequote(zParent);
      if( 0==sqlite3StrICmp((const char *)zOld, zParent) ){
        char *zOut = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s%.*s\"%w\"", 
            (zOutput?zOutput:""), z-zInput, zInput, (const char *)zNew
        );
        sqlite3DbFree(db, zOutput);
        zOutput = zOut;
        zInput = &z[n];
      }
      sqlite3DbFree(db, zParent);
    }
  }

  zResult = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s%s", (zOutput?zOutput:""), zInput), 
  sqlite3_result_text(context, zResult, -1, SQLITE_DYNAMIC);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, zOutput);
}
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
/* This function is used by SQL generated to implement the
** ALTER TABLE command. The first argument is the text of a CREATE TRIGGER 
** statement. The second is a table name. The table name in the CREATE 
** TRIGGER statement is replaced with the third argument and the result 
** returned. This is analagous to renameTableFunc() above, except for CREATE
** TRIGGER, not CREATE INDEX and CREATE TABLE.
*/
static void renameTriggerFunc(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int NotUsed,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  unsigned char const *zSql = sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
  unsigned char const *zTableName = sqlite3_value_text(argv[1]);

  int token;
  Token tname;
  int dist = 3;
  unsigned char const *zCsr = zSql;
  int len = 0;
  char *zRet;

  sqlite3 *db = sqlite3_context_db_handle(context);

  UNUSED_PARAMETER(NotUsed);

  /* The principle used to locate the table name in the CREATE TRIGGER 
  ** statement is that the table name is the first token that is immediatedly
  ** preceded by either TK_ON or TK_DOT and immediatedly followed by one
  ** of TK_WHEN, TK_BEGIN or TK_FOR.
  */
  if( zSql ){
................................................................................

      if( !*zCsr ){
        /* Ran out of input before finding the table name. Return NULL. */
        return;
      }

      /* Store the token that zCsr points to in tname. */
      tname.z = (char*)zCsr;
      tname.n = len;

      /* Advance zCsr to the next token. Store that token type in 'token',
      ** and its length in 'len' (to be used next iteration of this loop).
      */
      do {
        zCsr += len;
................................................................................
        dist = 0;
      }
    } while( dist!=2 || (token!=TK_WHEN && token!=TK_FOR && token!=TK_BEGIN) );

    /* Variable tname now contains the token that is the old table-name
    ** in the CREATE TRIGGER statement.
    */
    zRet = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%.*s\"%w\"%s", ((u8*)tname.z) - zSql, zSql, 
       zTableName, tname.z+tname.n);
    sqlite3_result_text(context, zRet, -1, SQLITE_DYNAMIC);
  }
}
#endif   /* !SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER */

/*
** Register built-in functions used to help implement ALTER TABLE
*/
void sqlite3AlterFunctions(void){
  static SQLITE_WSD FuncDef aAlterTableFuncs[] = {
    FUNCTION(sqlite_rename_table,   2, 0, 0, renameTableFunc),
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
    FUNCTION(sqlite_rename_trigger, 2, 0, 0, renameTriggerFunc),
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
    FUNCTION(sqlite_rename_parent,  3, 0, 0, renameParentFunc),
#endif
  };
  int i;
  FuncDefHash *pHash = &GLOBAL(FuncDefHash, sqlite3GlobalFunctions);
  FuncDef *aFunc = (FuncDef*)&GLOBAL(FuncDef, aAlterTableFuncs);

  for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aAlterTableFuncs); i++){
    sqlite3FuncDefInsert(pHash, &aFunc[i]);
  }
}

/*
** This function is used to create the text of expressions of the form:
**
**   name=<constant1> OR name=<constant2> OR ...
**
** If argument zWhere is NULL, then a pointer string containing the text 
** "name=<constant>" is returned, where <constant> is the quoted version
** of the string passed as argument zConstant. The returned buffer is
** allocated using sqlite3DbMalloc(). It is the responsibility of the
** caller to ensure that it is eventually freed.
**
** If argument zWhere is not NULL, then the string returned is 
** "<where> OR name=<constant>", where <where> is the contents of zWhere.
** In this case zWhere is passed to sqlite3DbFree() before returning.
** 
*/
static char *whereOrName(sqlite3 *db, char *zWhere, char *zConstant){
  char *zNew;
  if( !zWhere ){
    zNew = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "name=%Q", zConstant);
  }else{
    zNew = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s OR name=%Q", zWhere, zConstant);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, zWhere);
  }
  return zNew;
}

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER)
/*
** Generate the text of a WHERE expression which can be used to select all
** tables that have foreign key constraints that refer to table pTab (i.e.
** constraints for which pTab is the parent table) from the sqlite_master
** table.
*/
static char *whereForeignKeys(Parse *pParse, Table *pTab){
  FKey *p;
  char *zWhere = 0;
  for(p=sqlite3FkReferences(pTab); p; p=p->pNextTo){
    zWhere = whereOrName(pParse->db, zWhere, p->pFrom->zName);
  }
  return zWhere;
}
#endif

/*
** Generate the text of a WHERE expression which can be used to select all
** temporary triggers on table pTab from the sqlite_temp_master table. If
** table pTab has no temporary triggers, or is itself stored in the 
** temporary database, NULL is returned.
*/
static char *whereTempTriggers(Parse *pParse, Table *pTab){
  Trigger *pTrig;
  char *zWhere = 0;

  const Schema *pTempSchema = pParse->db->aDb[1].pSchema; /* Temp db schema */

  /* If the table is not located in the temp-db (in which case NULL is 
  ** returned, loop through the tables list of triggers. For each trigger
  ** that is not part of the temp-db schema, add a clause to the WHERE 
  ** expression being built up in zWhere.
  */
  if( pTab->pSchema!=pTempSchema ){
    sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
    for(pTrig=sqlite3TriggerList(pParse, pTab); pTrig; pTrig=pTrig->pNext){
      if( pTrig->pSchema==pTempSchema ){
        zWhere = whereOrName(db, zWhere, pTrig->zName);






      }
    }
  }
  if( zWhere ){
    char *zNew = sqlite3MPrintf(pParse->db, "type='trigger' AND (%s)", zWhere);
    sqlite3DbFree(pParse->db, zWhere);
    zWhere = zNew;
  }
  return zWhere;
}

/*
** Generate code to drop and reload the internal representation of table
** pTab from the database, including triggers and temporary triggers.
** Argument zName is the name of the table in the database schema at
................................................................................
  char *zWhere;
  int iDb;                   /* Index of database containing pTab */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
  Trigger *pTrig;
#endif

  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( NEVER(v==0) ) return;
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsAllMutexes(pParse->db) );
  iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(pParse->db, pTab->pSchema);
  assert( iDb>=0 );

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
  /* Drop any table triggers from the internal schema. */
  for(pTrig=sqlite3TriggerList(pParse, pTab); pTrig; pTrig=pTrig->pNext){
    int iTrigDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(pParse->db, pTrig->pSchema);
    assert( iTrigDb==iDb || iTrigDb==1 );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_DropTrigger, iTrigDb, 0, 0, pTrig->zName, 0);
  }
#endif

  /* Drop the table and index from the internal schema.  */
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_DropTable, iDb, 0, 0, pTab->zName, 0);

  /* Reload the table, index and permanent trigger schemas. */
  zWhere = sqlite3MPrintf(pParse->db, "tbl_name=%Q", zName);
  if( !zWhere ) return;
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_ParseSchema, iDb, 0, 0, zWhere, P4_DYNAMIC);

................................................................................
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db; /* Database connection */
  int nTabName;             /* Number of UTF-8 characters in zTabName */
  const char *zTabName;     /* Original name of the table */
  Vdbe *v;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
  char *zWhere = 0;         /* Where clause to locate temp triggers */
#endif
  VTable *pVTab = 0;        /* Non-zero if this is a v-tab with an xRename() */
  int savedDbFlags;         /* Saved value of db->flags */

  savedDbFlags = db->flags;  
  if( NEVER(db->mallocFailed) ) goto exit_rename_table;
  assert( pSrc->nSrc==1 );
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsAllMutexes(pParse->db) );

  pTab = sqlite3LocateTable(pParse, 0, pSrc->a[0].zName, pSrc->a[0].zDatabase);
  if( !pTab ) goto exit_rename_table;
  iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(pParse->db, pTab->pSchema);
  zDb = db->aDb[iDb].zName;
  db->flags |= SQLITE_PreferBuiltin;

  /* Get a NULL terminated version of the new table name. */
  zName = sqlite3NameFromToken(db, pName);
  if( !zName ) goto exit_rename_table;

  /* Check that a table or index named 'zName' does not already exist
  ** in database iDb. If so, this is an error.
................................................................................
        "there is already another table or index with this name: %s", zName);
    goto exit_rename_table;
  }

  /* Make sure it is not a system table being altered, or a reserved name
  ** that the table is being renamed to.
  */
  if( sqlite3Strlen30(pTab->zName)>6 
   && 0==sqlite3StrNICmp(pTab->zName, "sqlite_", 7)
  ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "table %s may not be altered", pTab->zName);
    goto exit_rename_table;
  }
  if( SQLITE_OK!=sqlite3CheckObjectName(pParse, zName) ){
    goto exit_rename_table;
  }

................................................................................
  }
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  if( sqlite3ViewGetColumnNames(pParse, pTab) ){
    goto exit_rename_table;
  }
  if( IsVirtual(pTab) ){
    pVTab = sqlite3GetVTable(db, pTab);
    if( pVTab->pVtab->pModule->xRename==0 ){
      pVTab = 0;
    }
  }
#endif

  /* Begin a transaction and code the VerifyCookie for database iDb. 
  ** Then modify the schema cookie (since the ALTER TABLE modifies the
  ** schema). Open a statement transaction if the table is a virtual
  ** table.
  */
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v==0 ){
    goto exit_rename_table;
  }
  sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, pVTab!=0, iDb);
  sqlite3ChangeCookie(pParse, iDb);

  /* If this is a virtual table, invoke the xRename() function if
  ** one is defined. The xRename() callback will modify the names
  ** of any resources used by the v-table implementation (including other
  ** SQLite tables) that are identified by the name of the virtual table.
  */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  if( pVTab ){
    int i = ++pParse->nMem;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, i, 0, zName, 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_VRename, i, 0, 0,(const char*)pVTab, P4_VTAB);
    sqlite3MayAbort(pParse);
  }
#endif

  /* figure out how many UTF-8 characters are in zName */
  zTabName = pTab->zName;
  nTabName = sqlite3Utf8CharLen(zTabName, -1);

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER)
  if( db->flags&SQLITE_ForeignKeys ){
    /* If foreign-key support is enabled, rewrite the CREATE TABLE 
    ** statements corresponding to all child tables of foreign key constraints
    ** for which the renamed table is the parent table.  */
    if( (zWhere=whereForeignKeys(pParse, pTab))!=0 ){
      sqlite3NestedParse(pParse, 
          "UPDATE \"%w\".%s SET "
              "sql = sqlite_rename_parent(sql, %Q, %Q) "
              "WHERE %s;", zDb, SCHEMA_TABLE(iDb), zTabName, zName, zWhere);
      sqlite3DbFree(db, zWhere);
    }
  }
#endif

  /* Modify the sqlite_master table to use the new table name. */
  sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
      "UPDATE %Q.%s SET "
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
          "sql = sqlite_rename_table(sql, %Q), "
#else
................................................................................
        "UPDATE sqlite_temp_master SET "
            "sql = sqlite_rename_trigger(sql, %Q), "
            "tbl_name = %Q "
            "WHERE %s;", zName, zName, zWhere);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, zWhere);
  }
#endif

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER)
  if( db->flags&SQLITE_ForeignKeys ){
    FKey *p;
    for(p=sqlite3FkReferences(pTab); p; p=p->pNextTo){
      Table *pFrom = p->pFrom;
      if( pFrom!=pTab ){
        reloadTableSchema(pParse, p->pFrom, pFrom->zName);
      }
    }
  }
#endif

  /* Drop and reload the internal table schema. */
  reloadTableSchema(pParse, pTab, zName);

exit_rename_table:
  sqlite3SrcListDelete(db, pSrc);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, zName);
  db->flags = savedDbFlags;
}


/*
** Generate code to make sure the file format number is at least minFormat.
** The generated code will increase the file format number if necessary.
*/
void sqlite3MinimumFileFormat(Parse *pParse, int iDb, int minFormat){
  Vdbe *v;
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  /* The VDBE should have been allocated before this routine is called.
  ** If that allocation failed, we would have quit before reaching this
  ** point */
  if( ALWAYS(v) ){
    int r1 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
    int r2 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
    int j1;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_ReadCookie, iDb, r1, BTREE_FILE_FORMAT);
    sqlite3VdbeUsesBtree(v, iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, minFormat, r2);
    j1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Ge, r2, 0, r1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_SetCookie, iDb, BTREE_FILE_FORMAT, r2);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j1);
    sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r1);
    sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r2);
  }
}

/*
** This function is called after an "ALTER TABLE ... ADD" statement
** has been parsed. Argument pColDef contains the text of the new
** column definition.
**
** The Table structure pParse->pNewTable was extended to include
................................................................................
  const char *zDb;          /* Database name */
  const char *zTab;         /* Table name */
  char *zCol;               /* Null-terminated column definition */
  Column *pCol;             /* The new column */
  Expr *pDflt;              /* Default value for the new column */
  sqlite3 *db;              /* The database connection; */

  db = pParse->db;
  if( pParse->nErr || db->mallocFailed ) return;
  pNew = pParse->pNewTable;
  assert( pNew );


  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsAllMutexes(db) );
  iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pNew->pSchema);
  zDb = db->aDb[iDb].zName;
  zTab = &pNew->zName[16];  /* Skip the "sqlite_altertab_" prefix on the name */
  pCol = &pNew->aCol[pNew->nCol-1];
  pDflt = pCol->pDflt;
  pTab = sqlite3FindTable(db, zTab, zDb);
  assert( pTab );

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
  /* Invoke the authorization callback. */
................................................................................
  if( pCol->isPrimKey ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "Cannot add a PRIMARY KEY column");
    return;
  }
  if( pNew->pIndex ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "Cannot add a UNIQUE column");
    return;
  }
  if( (db->flags&SQLITE_ForeignKeys) && pNew->pFKey && pDflt ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, 
        "Cannot add a REFERENCES column with non-NULL default value");
    return;
  }
  if( pCol->notNull && !pDflt ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, 
        "Cannot add a NOT NULL column with default value NULL");
    return;
  }

................................................................................
    sqlite3ValueFree(pVal);
  }

  /* Modify the CREATE TABLE statement. */
  zCol = sqlite3DbStrNDup(db, (char*)pColDef->z, pColDef->n);
  if( zCol ){
    char *zEnd = &zCol[pColDef->n-1];
    int savedDbFlags = db->flags;
    while( zEnd>zCol && (*zEnd==';' || sqlite3Isspace(*zEnd)) ){
      *zEnd-- = '\0';
    }
    db->flags |= SQLITE_PreferBuiltin;
    sqlite3NestedParse(pParse, 
        "UPDATE \"%w\".%s SET "
          "sql = substr(sql,1,%d) || ', ' || %Q || substr(sql,%d) "
        "WHERE type = 'table' AND name = %Q", 
      zDb, SCHEMA_TABLE(iDb), pNew->addColOffset, zCol, pNew->addColOffset+1,
      zTab
    );
    sqlite3DbFree(db, zCol);
    db->flags = savedDbFlags;
  }

  /* If the default value of the new column is NULL, then set the file
  ** format to 2. If the default value of the new column is not NULL,
  ** the file format becomes 3.
  */
  sqlite3MinimumFileFormat(pParse, iDb, pDflt ? 3 : 2);
................................................................................
    goto exit_begin_add_column;
  }

  assert( pTab->addColOffset>0 );
  iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pTab->pSchema);

  /* Put a copy of the Table struct in Parse.pNewTable for the
  ** sqlite3AddColumn() function and friends to modify.  But modify
  ** the name by adding an "sqlite_altertab_" prefix.  By adding this
  ** prefix, we insure that the name will not collide with an existing
  ** table because user table are not allowed to have the "sqlite_"
  ** prefix on their name.
  */
  pNew = (Table*)sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(Table));
  if( !pNew ) goto exit_begin_add_column;
  pParse->pNewTable = pNew;
  pNew->nRef = 1;

  pNew->nCol = pTab->nCol;
  assert( pNew->nCol>0 );
  nAlloc = (((pNew->nCol-1)/8)*8)+8;
  assert( nAlloc>=pNew->nCol && nAlloc%8==0 && nAlloc-pNew->nCol<8 );
  pNew->aCol = (Column*)sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(Column)*nAlloc);
  pNew->zName = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "sqlite_altertab_%s", pTab->zName);
  if( !pNew->aCol || !pNew->zName ){
    db->mallocFailed = 1;
    goto exit_begin_add_column;
  }
  memcpy(pNew->aCol, pTab->aCol, sizeof(Column)*pNew->nCol);
  for(i=0; i<pNew->nCol; i++){
    Column *pCol = &pNew->aCol[i];
    pCol->zName = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pCol->zName);
    pCol->zColl = 0;
    pCol->zType = 0;
    pCol->pDflt = 0;
    pCol->zDflt = 0;
  }
  pNew->pSchema = db->aDb[iDb].pSchema;
  pNew->addColOffset = pTab->addColOffset;
  pNew->nRef = 1;

  /* Begin a transaction and increment the schema cookie.  */
  sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 0, iDb);

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**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains code associated with the ANALYZE command.
**
** @(#) $Id: analyze.c,v 1.1 2008/08/06 21:48:06 rmsimpson Exp $
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_ANALYZE
#include "sqliteInt.h"

/*
** This routine generates code that opens the sqlite_stat1 table on cursor
** iStatCur.


**
** If the sqlite_stat1 tables does not previously exist, it is created.
** If it does previously exist, all entires associated with table zWhere
** are removed.  If zWhere==0 then all entries are removed.








*/
static void openStatTable(
  Parse *pParse,          /* Parsing context */
  int iDb,                /* The database we are looking in */
  int iStatCur,           /* Open the sqlite_stat1 table on this cursor */
  const char *zWhere      /* Delete entries associated with this table */
){














  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  Db *pDb;
  int iRootPage;
  int createStat1 = 0;
  Table *pStat;
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);

  if( v==0 ) return;
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsAllMutexes(db) );
  assert( sqlite3VdbeDb(v)==db );
  pDb = &db->aDb[iDb];




  if( (pStat = sqlite3FindTable(db, "sqlite_stat1", pDb->zName))==0 ){
    /* The sqlite_stat1 tables does not exist.  Create it.  

    ** Note that a side-effect of the CREATE TABLE statement is to leave
    ** the rootpage of the new table in register pParse->regRoot.  This is
    ** important because the OpenWrite opcode below will be needing it. */
    sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
      "CREATE TABLE %Q.sqlite_stat1(tbl,idx,stat)",
      pDb->zName

    );
    iRootPage = pParse->regRoot;
    createStat1 = 1;  /* Cause rootpage to be taken from top of stack */







  }else if( zWhere ){
    /* The sqlite_stat1 table exists.  Delete all entries associated with
    ** the table zWhere. */
    sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
       "DELETE FROM %Q.sqlite_stat1 WHERE tbl=%Q",
       pDb->zName, zWhere

    );
    iRootPage = pStat->tnum;
  }else{
    /* The sqlite_stat1 table already exists.  Delete all rows. */
    iRootPage = pStat->tnum;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Clear, pStat->tnum, iDb);
  }

  /* Open the sqlite_stat1 table for writing. Unless it was created
  ** by this vdbe program, lock it for writing at the shared-cache level. 
  ** If this vdbe did create the sqlite_stat1 table, then it must have 
  ** already obtained a schema-lock, making the write-lock redundant.
  */
  if( !createStat1 ){
    sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, iRootPage, 1, "sqlite_stat1");
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SetNumColumns, 0, 3);



  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenWrite, iStatCur, iRootPage, iDb);

  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, createStat1);
}


/*
** Generate code to do an analysis of all indices associated with
** a single table.
*/
static void analyzeOneTable(
  Parse *pParse,   /* Parser context */
  Table *pTab,     /* Table whose indices are to be analyzed */
  int iStatCur,    /* Cursor that writes to the sqlite_stat1 table */

  int iMem         /* Available memory locations begin here */
){

  Index *pIdx;     /* An index to being analyzed */
  int iIdxCur;     /* Cursor number for index being analyzed */
  int nCol;        /* Number of columns in the index */

  Vdbe *v;         /* The virtual machine being built up */
  int i;           /* Loop counter */
  int topOfLoop;   /* The top of the loop */
  int endOfLoop;   /* The end of the loop */
  int addr;        /* The address of an instruction */

  int iDb;         /* Index of database containing pTab */
















  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v==0 || pTab==0 || pTab->pIndex==0 ){
    /* Do no analysis for tables that have no indices */

    return;
  }








  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsAllMutexes(pParse->db) );
  iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(pParse->db, pTab->pSchema);
  assert( iDb>=0 );
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
  if( sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_ANALYZE, pTab->zName, 0,
      pParse->db->aDb[iDb].zName ) ){
    return;
  }
#endif

  /* Establish a read-lock on the table at the shared-cache level. */
  sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, pTab->tnum, 0, pTab->zName);

  iIdxCur = pParse->nTab;

  for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){

    KeyInfo *pKey = sqlite3IndexKeyinfo(pParse, pIdx);
    int regFields;    /* Register block for building records */
    int regRec;       /* Register holding completed record */
    int regTemp;      /* Temporary use register */

    int regCol;       /* Content of a column from the table being analyzed */
    int regRowid;     /* Rowid for the inserted record */
    int regF2;


    /* Open a cursor to the index to be analyzed
    */
    assert( iDb==sqlite3SchemaToIndex(pParse->db, pIdx->pSchema) );
    nCol = pIdx->nColumn;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SetNumColumns, 0, nCol+1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_OpenRead, iIdxCur, pIdx->tnum, iDb,
        (char *)pKey, P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF);
    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pIdx->zName));
    regFields = iMem+nCol*2;




    regTemp = regRowid = regCol = regFields+3;
    regRec = regCol+1;

    if( regRec>pParse->nMem ){
      pParse->nMem = regRec;





    }









    /* Memory cells are used as follows:








    **

    **    mem[iMem]:             The total number of rows in the table.
    **    mem[iMem+1]:           Number of distinct values in column 1
    **    ...

    **    mem[iMem+nCol]:        Number of distinct values in column N
    **    mem[iMem+nCol+1]       Last observed value of column 1

    **    ...
    **    mem[iMem+nCol+nCol]:   Last observed value of column N
    **



    ** Cells iMem through iMem+nCol are initialized to 0.  The others
    ** are initialized to NULL.
    */
    for(i=0; i<=nCol; i++){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, iMem+i);
    }
    for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, iMem+nCol+i+1);
    }

    /* Do the analysis.
    */
    endOfLoop = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iIdxCur, endOfLoop);
    topOfLoop = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, iMem, 1);

    for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, i, regCol);

































      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Ne, regCol, 0, iMem+nCol+i+1);
      /**** TODO:  add collating sequence *****/
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);







    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, endOfLoop);
    for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, topOfLoop + 2*(i + 1));
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, iMem+i+1, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, i, iMem+nCol+i+1);
    }


    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, endOfLoop);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iIdxCur, topOfLoop);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iIdxCur);

    /* Store the results.  
    **
    ** The result is a single row of the sqlite_stat1 table.  The first
    ** two columns are the names of the table and index.  The third column
    ** is a string composed of a list of integer statistics about the
    ** index.  The first integer in the list is the total number of entires
    ** in the index.  There is one additional integer in the list for each
    ** column of the table.  This additional integer is a guess of how many
    ** rows of the table the index will select.  If D is the count of distinct
    ** values and K is the total number of rows, then the integer is computed
    ** as:
    **
    **        I = (K+D-1)/D
    **
    ** If K==0 then no entry is made into the sqlite_stat1 table.  
    ** If K>0 then it is always the case the D>0 so division by zero
    ** is never possible.
    */


    addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfNot, iMem);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, regFields, 0, pTab->zName, 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, regFields+1, 0, pIdx->zName, 0);
    regF2 = regFields+2;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SCopy, iMem, regF2);

    for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, regTemp, 0, " ", 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, regTemp, regF2, regF2);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Add, iMem, iMem+i+1, regTemp);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, regTemp, -1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Divide, iMem+i+1, regTemp, regTemp);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_ToInt, regTemp);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, regTemp, regF2, regF2);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, regFields, 3, regRec, "aaa", 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iStatCur, regRowid);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iStatCur, regRec, regRowid);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_APPEND);






















    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);
  }
}

/*
** Generate code that will cause the most recent index analysis to
** be laoded into internal hash tables where is can be used.
*/
static void loadAnalysis(Parse *pParse, int iDb){
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_LoadAnalysis, iDb);
  }
}
................................................................................
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  Schema *pSchema = db->aDb[iDb].pSchema;    /* Schema of database iDb */
  HashElem *k;
  int iStatCur;
  int iMem;

  sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 0, iDb);
  iStatCur = pParse->nTab++;

  openStatTable(pParse, iDb, iStatCur, 0);
  iMem = pParse->nMem+1;
  for(k=sqliteHashFirst(&pSchema->tblHash); k; k=sqliteHashNext(k)){
    Table *pTab = (Table*)sqliteHashData(k);
    analyzeOneTable(pParse, pTab, iStatCur, iMem);
  }
  loadAnalysis(pParse, iDb);
................................................................................
  int iDb;
  int iStatCur;

  assert( pTab!=0 );
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsAllMutexes(pParse->db) );
  iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(pParse->db, pTab->pSchema);
  sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 0, iDb);
  iStatCur = pParse->nTab++;

  openStatTable(pParse, iDb, iStatCur, pTab->zName);
  analyzeOneTable(pParse, pTab, iStatCur, pParse->nMem+1);
  loadAnalysis(pParse, iDb);
}

/*
** Generate code for the ANALYZE command.  The parser calls this routine
................................................................................
  /* Read the database schema. If an error occurs, leave an error message
  ** and code in pParse and return NULL. */
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsAllMutexes(pParse->db) );
  if( SQLITE_OK!=sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ){
    return;
  }


  if( pName1==0 ){
    /* Form 1:  Analyze everything */
    for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
      if( i==1 ) continue;  /* Do not analyze the TEMP database */
      analyzeDatabase(pParse, i);
    }
  }else if( pName2==0 || pName2->n==0 ){
    /* Form 2:  Analyze the database or table named */
    iDb = sqlite3FindDb(db, pName1);
    if( iDb>=0 ){
      analyzeDatabase(pParse, iDb);
    }else{
      z = sqlite3NameFromToken(db, pName1);
      if( z ){
................................................................................
  const char *zDatabase;
};

/*
** This callback is invoked once for each index when reading the
** sqlite_stat1 table.  
**
**     argv[0] = name of the index

**     argv[1] = results of analysis - on integer for each column



*/
static int analysisLoader(void *pData, int argc, char **argv, char **azNotUsed){
  analysisInfo *pInfo = (analysisInfo*)pData;
  Index *pIndex;

  int i, c;
  unsigned int v;
  const char *z;

  assert( argc==2 );


  if( argv==0 || argv[0]==0 || argv[1]==0 ){
    return 0;
  }
  pIndex = sqlite3FindIndex(pInfo->db, argv[0], pInfo->zDatabase);
  if( pIndex==0 ){

    return 0;
  }






  z = argv[1];
  for(i=0; *z && i<=pIndex->nColumn; i++){
    v = 0;
    while( (c=z[0])>='0' && c<='9' ){
      v = v*10 + c - '0';
      z++;
    }


    pIndex->aiRowEst[i] = v;
    if( *z==' ' ) z++;
  }
  return 0;
}

/*






















** Load the content of the sqlite_stat1 table into the index hash tables.

















*/
int sqlite3AnalysisLoad(sqlite3 *db, int iDb){
  analysisInfo sInfo;
  HashElem *i;
  char *zSql;
  int rc;

................................................................................
  assert( db->aDb[iDb].pBt!=0 );
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(db->aDb[iDb].pBt) );

  /* Clear any prior statistics */
  for(i=sqliteHashFirst(&db->aDb[iDb].pSchema->idxHash);i;i=sqliteHashNext(i)){
    Index *pIdx = sqliteHashData(i);
    sqlite3DefaultRowEst(pIdx);


  }

  /* Check to make sure the sqlite_stat1 table existss */
  sInfo.db = db;
  sInfo.zDatabase = db->aDb[iDb].zName;
  if( sqlite3FindTable(db, "sqlite_stat1", sInfo.zDatabase)==0 ){
     return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }


  /* Load new statistics out of the sqlite_stat1 table */
  zSql = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "SELECT idx, stat FROM %Q.sqlite_stat1",
                        sInfo.zDatabase);

  (void)sqlite3SafetyOff(db);

  rc = sqlite3_exec(db, zSql, analysisLoader, &sInfo, 0);
  (void)sqlite3SafetyOn(db);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, zSql);














































































  return rc;
}


#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_ANALYZE */







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**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains code associated with the ANALYZE command.


*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_ANALYZE
#include "sqliteInt.h"

/*
** This routine generates code that opens the sqlite_stat1 table for
** writing with cursor iStatCur. If the library was built with the
** SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2 macro defined, then the sqlite_stat2 table is
** opened for writing using cursor (iStatCur+1)
**
** If the sqlite_stat1 tables does not previously exist, it is created.


** Similarly, if the sqlite_stat2 table does not exist and the library
** is compiled with SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2 defined, it is created. 
**
** Argument zWhere may be a pointer to a buffer containing a table name,
** or it may be a NULL pointer. If it is not NULL, then all entries in
** the sqlite_stat1 and (if applicable) sqlite_stat2 tables associated
** with the named table are deleted. If zWhere==0, then code is generated
** to delete all stat table entries.
*/
static void openStatTable(
  Parse *pParse,          /* Parsing context */
  int iDb,                /* The database we are looking in */
  int iStatCur,           /* Open the sqlite_stat1 table on this cursor */
  const char *zWhere      /* Delete entries associated with this table */
){
  static const struct {
    const char *zName;
    const char *zCols;
  } aTable[] = {
    { "sqlite_stat1", "tbl,idx,stat" },
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
    { "sqlite_stat2", "tbl,idx,sampleno,sample" },
#endif
  };

  int aRoot[] = {0, 0};
  u8 aCreateTbl[] = {0, 0};

  int i;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  Db *pDb;



  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);

  if( v==0 ) return;
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsAllMutexes(db) );
  assert( sqlite3VdbeDb(v)==db );
  pDb = &db->aDb[iDb];

  for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aTable); i++){
    const char *zTab = aTable[i].zName;
    Table *pStat;
    if( (pStat = sqlite3FindTable(db, zTab, pDb->zName))==0 ){

      /* The sqlite_stat[12] table does not exist. Create it. Note that a 
      ** side-effect of the CREATE TABLE statement is to leave the rootpage 
      ** of the new table in register pParse->regRoot. This is important 
      ** because the OpenWrite opcode below will be needing it. */
      sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,


          "CREATE TABLE %Q.%s(%s)", pDb->zName, zTab, aTable[i].zCols
      );
      aRoot[i] = pParse->regRoot;

      aCreateTbl[i] = 1;
    }else{
      /* The table already exists. If zWhere is not NULL, delete all entries 
      ** associated with the table zWhere. If zWhere is NULL, delete the
      ** entire contents of the table. */
      aRoot[i] = pStat->tnum;
      sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, aRoot[i], 1, zTab);
      if( zWhere ){


        sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,


           "DELETE FROM %Q.%s WHERE tbl=%Q", pDb->zName, zTab, zWhere
        );

      }else{
        /* The sqlite_stat[12] table already exists.  Delete all rows. */

        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Clear, aRoot[i], iDb);
      }
    }







  }


  /* Open the sqlite_stat[12] tables for writing. */
  for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aTable); i++){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenWrite, iStatCur+i, aRoot[i], iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char *)3, P4_INT32);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, aCreateTbl[i]);
  }
}

/*
** Generate code to do an analysis of all indices associated with
** a single table.
*/
static void analyzeOneTable(
  Parse *pParse,   /* Parser context */
  Table *pTab,     /* Table whose indices are to be analyzed */

  int iStatCur,    /* Index of VdbeCursor that writes the sqlite_stat1 table */
  int iMem         /* Available memory locations begin here */
){
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;    /* Database handle */
  Index *pIdx;                 /* An index to being analyzed */


  int iIdxCur;                 /* Cursor open on index being analyzed */
  Vdbe *v;                     /* The virtual machine being built up */
  int i;                       /* Loop counter */
  int topOfLoop;               /* The top of the loop */
  int endOfLoop;               /* The end of the loop */
  int addr = 0;                /* The address of an instruction */
  int jZeroRows = 0;           /* Jump from here if number of rows is zero */
  int iDb;                     /* Index of database containing pTab */
  int regTabname = iMem++;     /* Register containing table name */
  int regIdxname = iMem++;     /* Register containing index name */
  int regSampleno = iMem++;    /* Register containing next sample number */
  int regCol = iMem++;         /* Content of a column analyzed table */
  int regRec = iMem++;         /* Register holding completed record */
  int regTemp = iMem++;        /* Temporary use register */
  int regRowid = iMem++;       /* Rowid for the inserted record */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
  int regTemp2 = iMem++;       /* Temporary use register */
  int regSamplerecno = iMem++; /* Index of next sample to record */
  int regRecno = iMem++;       /* Current sample index */
  int regLast = iMem++;        /* Index of last sample to record */
  int regFirst = iMem++;       /* Index of first sample to record */
#endif

  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);


  if( v==0 || NEVER(pTab==0) ){
    return;
  }
  if( pTab->tnum==0 ){
    /* Do not gather statistics on views or virtual tables */
    return;
  }
  if( memcmp(pTab->zName, "sqlite_", 7)==0 ){
    /* Do not gather statistics on system tables */
    return;
  }
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsAllMutexes(db) );
  iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pTab->pSchema);
  assert( iDb>=0 );
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
  if( sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_ANALYZE, pTab->zName, 0,
      db->aDb[iDb].zName ) ){
    return;
  }
#endif

  /* Establish a read-lock on the table at the shared-cache level. */
  sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, pTab->tnum, 0, pTab->zName);

  iIdxCur = pParse->nTab++;
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, regTabname, 0, pTab->zName, 0);
  for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
    int nCol = pIdx->nColumn;
    KeyInfo *pKey = sqlite3IndexKeyinfo(pParse, pIdx);




    if( iMem+1+(nCol*2)>pParse->nMem ){
      pParse->nMem = iMem+1+(nCol*2);

    }

    /* Open a cursor to the index to be analyzed. */

    assert( iDb==sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pIdx->pSchema) );


    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_OpenRead, iIdxCur, pIdx->tnum, iDb,
        (char *)pKey, P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF);
    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pIdx->zName));


    /* Populate the register containing the index name. */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, regIdxname, 0, pIdx->zName, 0);

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2


    /* If this iteration of the loop is generating code to analyze the
    ** first index in the pTab->pIndex list, then register regLast has
    ** not been populated. In this case populate it now.  */
    if( pTab->pIndex==pIdx ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES, regSamplerecno);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES*2-1, regTemp);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES*2, regTemp2);

      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Count, iIdxCur, regLast);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, regFirst);
      addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Lt, regSamplerecno, 0, regLast);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Divide, regTemp2, regLast, regFirst);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Multiply, regLast, regTemp, regLast);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, regLast, SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES*2-2);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Divide,  regTemp2, regLast, regLast);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);
    }


    /* Zero the regSampleno and regRecno registers. */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, regSampleno);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, regRecno);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Copy, regFirst, regSamplerecno);
#endif

    /* The block of memory cells initialized here is used as follows.
    **
    **    iMem:                
    **        The total number of rows in the table.

    **
    **    iMem+1 .. iMem+nCol: 
    **        Number of distinct entries in index considering the 

    **        left-most N columns only, where N is between 1 and nCol, 
    **        inclusive.

    **
    **    iMem+nCol+1 .. Mem+2*nCol:  
    **        Previous value of indexed columns, from left to right.
    **
    ** Cells iMem through iMem+nCol are initialized to 0. The others are 
    ** initialized to contain an SQL NULL.
    */
    for(i=0; i<=nCol; i++){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, iMem+i);
    }
    for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, iMem+nCol+i+1);
    }

    /* Start the analysis loop. This loop runs through all the entries in
    ** the index b-tree.  */
    endOfLoop = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iIdxCur, endOfLoop);
    topOfLoop = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, iMem, 1);

    for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, i, regCol);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
      if( i==0 ){
        /* Check if the record that cursor iIdxCur points to contains a
        ** value that should be stored in the sqlite_stat2 table. If so,
        ** store it.  */
        int ne = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Ne, regRecno, 0, regSamplerecno);
        assert( regTabname+1==regIdxname 
             && regTabname+2==regSampleno
             && regTabname+3==regCol
        );
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, regTabname, 4, regRec, "aaab", 0);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iStatCur+1, regRowid);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iStatCur+1, regRec, regRowid);

        /* Calculate new values for regSamplerecno and regSampleno.
        **
        **   sampleno = sampleno + 1
        **   samplerecno = samplerecno+(remaining records)/(remaining samples)
        */
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, regSampleno, 1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Subtract, regRecno, regLast, regTemp);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, regTemp, -1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES, regTemp2);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Subtract, regSampleno, regTemp2, regTemp2);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Divide, regTemp2, regTemp, regTemp);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Add, regSamplerecno, regTemp, regSamplerecno);

        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, ne);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, regRecno, 1);
      }
#endif

      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Ne, regCol, 0, iMem+nCol+i+1);
      /**** TODO:  add collating sequence *****/
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
    }
    if( db->mallocFailed ){
      /* If a malloc failure has occurred, then the result of the expression 
      ** passed as the second argument to the call to sqlite3VdbeJumpHere() 
      ** below may be negative. Which causes an assert() to fail (or an
      ** out-of-bounds write if SQLITE_DEBUG is not defined).  */
      return;
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, endOfLoop);
    for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)-(nCol*2));
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, iMem+i+1, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, i, iMem+nCol+i+1);
    }

    /* End of the analysis loop. */
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, endOfLoop);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iIdxCur, topOfLoop);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iIdxCur);

    /* Store the results in sqlite_stat1.
    **
    ** The result is a single row of the sqlite_stat1 table.  The first
    ** two columns are the names of the table and index.  The third column
    ** is a string composed of a list of integer statistics about the
    ** index.  The first integer in the list is the total number of entries
    ** in the index.  There is one additional integer in the list for each
    ** column of the table.  This additional integer is a guess of how many
    ** rows of the table the index will select.  If D is the count of distinct
    ** values and K is the total number of rows, then the integer is computed
    ** as:
    **
    **        I = (K+D-1)/D
    **
    ** If K==0 then no entry is made into the sqlite_stat1 table.  
    ** If K>0 then it is always the case the D>0 so division by zero
    ** is never possible.
    */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SCopy, iMem, regSampleno);
    if( jZeroRows==0 ){
      jZeroRows = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfNot, iMem);




    }
    for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, regTemp, 0, " ", 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, regTemp, regSampleno, regSampleno);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Add, iMem, iMem+i+1, regTemp);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, regTemp, -1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Divide, iMem+i+1, regTemp, regTemp);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_ToInt, regTemp);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, regTemp, regSampleno, regSampleno);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, regTabname, 3, regRec, "aaa", 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iStatCur, regRowid);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iStatCur, regRec, regRowid);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_APPEND);
  }

  /* If the table has no indices, create a single sqlite_stat1 entry
  ** containing NULL as the index name and the row count as the content.
  */
  if( pTab->pIndex==0 ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenRead, iIdxCur, pTab->tnum, iDb);
    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pTab->zName));
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Count, iIdxCur, regSampleno);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iIdxCur);
  }else{
    assert( jZeroRows>0 );
    addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Goto);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jZeroRows);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, regIdxname);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, regTabname, 3, regRec, "aaa", 0);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iStatCur, regRowid);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iStatCur, regRec, regRowid);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_APPEND);
  if( pParse->nMem<regRec ) pParse->nMem = regRec;
  if( jZeroRows ){
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);
  }
}

/*
** Generate code that will cause the most recent index analysis to
** be loaded into internal hash tables where is can be used.
*/
static void loadAnalysis(Parse *pParse, int iDb){
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_LoadAnalysis, iDb);
  }
}
................................................................................
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  Schema *pSchema = db->aDb[iDb].pSchema;    /* Schema of database iDb */
  HashElem *k;
  int iStatCur;
  int iMem;

  sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 0, iDb);
  iStatCur = pParse->nTab;
  pParse->nTab += 2;
  openStatTable(pParse, iDb, iStatCur, 0);
  iMem = pParse->nMem+1;
  for(k=sqliteHashFirst(&pSchema->tblHash); k; k=sqliteHashNext(k)){
    Table *pTab = (Table*)sqliteHashData(k);
    analyzeOneTable(pParse, pTab, iStatCur, iMem);
  }
  loadAnalysis(pParse, iDb);
................................................................................
  int iDb;
  int iStatCur;

  assert( pTab!=0 );
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsAllMutexes(pParse->db) );
  iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(pParse->db, pTab->pSchema);
  sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 0, iDb);
  iStatCur = pParse->nTab;
  pParse->nTab += 2;
  openStatTable(pParse, iDb, iStatCur, pTab->zName);
  analyzeOneTable(pParse, pTab, iStatCur, pParse->nMem+1);
  loadAnalysis(pParse, iDb);
}

/*
** Generate code for the ANALYZE command.  The parser calls this routine
................................................................................
  /* Read the database schema. If an error occurs, leave an error message
  ** and code in pParse and return NULL. */
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsAllMutexes(pParse->db) );
  if( SQLITE_OK!=sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ){
    return;
  }

  assert( pName2!=0 || pName1==0 );
  if( pName1==0 ){
    /* Form 1:  Analyze everything */
    for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
      if( i==1 ) continue;  /* Do not analyze the TEMP database */
      analyzeDatabase(pParse, i);
    }
  }else if( pName2->n==0 ){
    /* Form 2:  Analyze the database or table named */
    iDb = sqlite3FindDb(db, pName1);
    if( iDb>=0 ){
      analyzeDatabase(pParse, iDb);
    }else{
      z = sqlite3NameFromToken(db, pName1);
      if( z ){
................................................................................
  const char *zDatabase;
};

/*
** This callback is invoked once for each index when reading the
** sqlite_stat1 table.  
**
**     argv[0] = name of the table
**     argv[1] = name of the index (might be NULL)
**     argv[2] = results of analysis - on integer for each column
**
** Entries for which argv[1]==NULL simply record the number of rows in
** the table.
*/
static int analysisLoader(void *pData, int argc, char **argv, char **NotUsed){
  analysisInfo *pInfo = (analysisInfo*)pData;
  Index *pIndex;
  Table *pTable;
  int i, c, n;
  unsigned int v;
  const char *z;

  assert( argc==3 );
  UNUSED_PARAMETER2(NotUsed, argc);

  if( argv==0 || argv[0]==0 || argv[2]==0 ){
    return 0;
  }
  pTable = sqlite3FindTable(pInfo->db, argv[0], pInfo->zDatabase);

  if( pTable==0 ){
    return 0;
  }
  if( argv[1] ){
    pIndex = sqlite3FindIndex(pInfo->db, argv[1], pInfo->zDatabase);
  }else{
    pIndex = 0;
  }
  n = pIndex ? pIndex->nColumn : 0;
  z = argv[2];
  for(i=0; *z && i<=n; i++){
    v = 0;
    while( (c=z[0])>='0' && c<='9' ){
      v = v*10 + c - '0';
      z++;
    }
    if( i==0 ) pTable->nRowEst = v;
    if( pIndex==0 ) break;
    pIndex->aiRowEst[i] = v;
    if( *z==' ' ) z++;
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** If the Index.aSample variable is not NULL, delete the aSample[] array
** and its contents.
*/
void sqlite3DeleteIndexSamples(sqlite3 *db, Index *pIdx){
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
  if( pIdx->aSample ){
    int j;
    for(j=0; j<SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES; j++){
      IndexSample *p = &pIdx->aSample[j];
      if( p->eType==SQLITE_TEXT || p->eType==SQLITE_BLOB ){
        sqlite3DbFree(db, p->u.z);
      }
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pIdx->aSample);
  }
#else
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(db);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pIdx);
#endif
}

/*
** Load the content of the sqlite_stat1 and sqlite_stat2 tables. The
** contents of sqlite_stat1 are used to populate the Index.aiRowEst[]
** arrays. The contents of sqlite_stat2 are used to populate the
** Index.aSample[] arrays.
**
** If the sqlite_stat1 table is not present in the database, SQLITE_ERROR
** is returned. In this case, even if SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2 was defined 
** during compilation and the sqlite_stat2 table is present, no data is 
** read from it.
**
** If SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2 was defined during compilation and the 
** sqlite_stat2 table is not present in the database, SQLITE_ERROR is
** returned. However, in this case, data is read from the sqlite_stat1
** table (if it is present) before returning.
**
** If an OOM error occurs, this function always sets db->mallocFailed.
** This means if the caller does not care about other errors, the return
** code may be ignored.
*/
int sqlite3AnalysisLoad(sqlite3 *db, int iDb){
  analysisInfo sInfo;
  HashElem *i;
  char *zSql;
  int rc;

................................................................................
  assert( db->aDb[iDb].pBt!=0 );
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(db->aDb[iDb].pBt) );

  /* Clear any prior statistics */
  for(i=sqliteHashFirst(&db->aDb[iDb].pSchema->idxHash);i;i=sqliteHashNext(i)){
    Index *pIdx = sqliteHashData(i);
    sqlite3DefaultRowEst(pIdx);
    sqlite3DeleteIndexSamples(db, pIdx);
    pIdx->aSample = 0;
  }

  /* Check to make sure the sqlite_stat1 table exists */
  sInfo.db = db;
  sInfo.zDatabase = db->aDb[iDb].zName;
  if( sqlite3FindTable(db, "sqlite_stat1", sInfo.zDatabase)==0 ){
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }


  /* Load new statistics out of the sqlite_stat1 table */
  zSql = sqlite3MPrintf(db, 
      "SELECT tbl, idx, stat FROM %Q.sqlite_stat1", sInfo.zDatabase);
  if( zSql==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }else{
    rc = sqlite3_exec(db, zSql, analysisLoader, &sInfo, 0);

    sqlite3DbFree(db, zSql);
  }


  /* Load the statistics from the sqlite_stat2 table. */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && !sqlite3FindTable(db, "sqlite_stat2", sInfo.zDatabase) ){
    rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3_stmt *pStmt = 0;

    zSql = sqlite3MPrintf(db, 
        "SELECT idx,sampleno,sample FROM %Q.sqlite_stat2", sInfo.zDatabase);
    if( !zSql ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }else{
      rc = sqlite3_prepare(db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
      sqlite3DbFree(db, zSql);
    }

    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      while( sqlite3_step(pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW ){
        char *zIndex = (char *)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 0);
        Index *pIdx = sqlite3FindIndex(db, zIndex, sInfo.zDatabase);
        if( pIdx ){
          int iSample = sqlite3_column_int(pStmt, 1);
          if( iSample<SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES && iSample>=0 ){
            int eType = sqlite3_column_type(pStmt, 2);

            if( pIdx->aSample==0 ){
              static const int sz = sizeof(IndexSample)*SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES;
              pIdx->aSample = (IndexSample *)sqlite3DbMallocRaw(0, sz);
              if( pIdx->aSample==0 ){
                db->mallocFailed = 1;
                break;
              }
	      memset(pIdx->aSample, 0, sz);
            }

            assert( pIdx->aSample );
            {
              IndexSample *pSample = &pIdx->aSample[iSample];
              pSample->eType = (u8)eType;
              if( eType==SQLITE_INTEGER || eType==SQLITE_FLOAT ){
                pSample->u.r = sqlite3_column_double(pStmt, 2);
              }else if( eType==SQLITE_TEXT || eType==SQLITE_BLOB ){
                const char *z = (const char *)(
                    (eType==SQLITE_BLOB) ?
                    sqlite3_column_blob(pStmt, 2):
                    sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 2)
                );
                int n = sqlite3_column_bytes(pStmt, 2);
                if( n>24 ){
                  n = 24;
                }
                pSample->nByte = (u8)n;
                if( n < 1){
                  pSample->u.z = 0;
                }else{
                  pSample->u.z = sqlite3DbStrNDup(0, z, n);
                  if( pSample->u.z==0 ){
                    db->mallocFailed = 1;
                    break;
                  }
                }
              }
            }
          }
        }
      }
      rc = sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
    }
  }
#endif

  if( rc==SQLITE_NOMEM ){
    db->mallocFailed = 1;
  }
  return rc;
}


#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_ANALYZE */

Changes to SQLite.Interop/splitsource/attach.c.

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**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains code used to implement the ATTACH and DETACH commands.
**
** $Id: attach.c,v 1.1 2008/08/06 21:48:06 rmsimpson Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_ATTACH
/*
** Resolve an expression that was part of an ATTACH or DETACH statement. This
** is slightly different from resolving a normal SQL expression, because simple
................................................................................
** will fail because neither abc or def can be resolved.
*/
static int resolveAttachExpr(NameContext *pName, Expr *pExpr)
{
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  if( pExpr ){
    if( pExpr->op!=TK_ID ){
      rc = sqlite3ExprResolveNames(pName, pExpr);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK && !sqlite3ExprIsConstant(pExpr) ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pName->pParse, "invalid name: \"%T\"", &pExpr->span);
        return SQLITE_ERROR;
      }
    }else{
      pExpr->op = TK_STRING;
    }
  }
  return rc;
................................................................................
**     SELECT sqlite_attach(x, y, z)
**
** If the optional "KEY z" syntax is omitted, an SQL NULL is passed as the
** third argument.
*/
static void attachFunc(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  int i;
  int rc = 0;
  sqlite3 *db = sqlite3_context_db_handle(context);
  const char *zName;
  const char *zFile;
  Db *aNew;
  char *zErrDyn = 0;
  char zErr[128];


  zFile = (const char *)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
  zName = (const char *)sqlite3_value_text(argv[1]);
  if( zFile==0 ) zFile = "";
  if( zName==0 ) zName = "";

  /* Check for the following errors:
  **
  **     * Too many attached databases,
  **     * Transaction currently open
  **     * Specified database name already being used.
  */
  if( db->nDb>=db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_ATTACHED]+2 ){
    sqlite3_snprintf(
      sizeof(zErr), zErr, "too many attached databases - max %d", 
      db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_ATTACHED]
    );
    goto attach_error;
  }
  if( !db->autoCommit ){
    sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zErr), zErr,
                     "cannot ATTACH database within transaction");
    goto attach_error;
  }
  for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
    char *z = db->aDb[i].zName;
    if( z && zName && sqlite3StrICmp(z, zName)==0 ){
      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zErr), zErr, 
                       "database %s is already in use", zName);
      goto attach_error;
    }
  }

  /* Allocate the new entry in the db->aDb[] array and initialise the schema
  ** hash tables.
  */
................................................................................
    if( aNew==0 ) return;
    memcpy(aNew, db->aDb, sizeof(db->aDb[0])*2);
  }else{
    aNew = sqlite3DbRealloc(db, db->aDb, sizeof(db->aDb[0])*(db->nDb+1) );
    if( aNew==0 ) return;
  }
  db->aDb = aNew;
  aNew = &db->aDb[db->nDb++];
  memset(aNew, 0, sizeof(*aNew));

  /* Open the database file. If the btree is successfully opened, use
  ** it to obtain the database schema. At this point the schema may
  ** or may not be initialised.
  */
  rc = sqlite3BtreeFactory(db, zFile, 0, SQLITE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE,
                           db->openFlags | SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB,
                           &aNew->pBt);



  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    Pager *pPager;
    aNew->pSchema = sqlite3SchemaGet(db, aNew->pBt);
    if( !aNew->pSchema ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }else if( aNew->pSchema->file_format && aNew->pSchema->enc!=ENC(db) ){
      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zErr), zErr, 
        "attached databases must use the same text encoding as main database");
      goto attach_error;
    }
    pPager = sqlite3BtreePager(aNew->pBt);
    sqlite3PagerLockingMode(pPager, db->dfltLockMode);
    sqlite3PagerJournalMode(pPager, db->dfltJournalMode);

  }
  aNew->zName = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, zName);
  aNew->safety_level = 3;




#if SQLITE_HAS_CODEC
  {



    extern int sqlite3CodecAttach(sqlite3*, int, const void*, int);
    extern void sqlite3CodecGetKey(sqlite3*, int, void**, int*);
    int nKey;
    char *zKey;
    int t = sqlite3_value_type(argv[2]);
    switch( t ){
      case SQLITE_INTEGER:
................................................................................
        rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
        break;
        
      case SQLITE_TEXT:
      case SQLITE_BLOB:
        nKey = sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[2]);
        zKey = (char *)sqlite3_value_blob(argv[2]);
        sqlite3CodecAttach(db, db->nDb-1, zKey, nKey);
        break;

      case SQLITE_NULL:
        /* No key specified.  Use the key from the main database */
        sqlite3CodecGetKey(db, 0, (void**)&zKey, &nKey);
        sqlite3CodecAttach(db, db->nDb-1, zKey, nKey);
        break;
    }
  }
#endif

  /* If the file was opened successfully, read the schema for the new database.
  ** If this fails, or if opening the file failed, then close the file and 
  ** remove the entry from the db->aDb[] array. i.e. put everything back the way
  ** we found it.
  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    (void)sqlite3SafetyOn(db);
    sqlite3BtreeEnterAll(db);
    rc = sqlite3Init(db, &zErrDyn);
    sqlite3BtreeLeaveAll(db);
    (void)sqlite3SafetyOff(db);
  }
  if( rc ){
    int iDb = db->nDb - 1;
    assert( iDb>=2 );
    if( db->aDb[iDb].pBt ){
      sqlite3BtreeClose(db->aDb[iDb].pBt);
      db->aDb[iDb].pBt = 0;
      db->aDb[iDb].pSchema = 0;
    }
    sqlite3ResetInternalSchema(db, 0);
    db->nDb = iDb;
    if( rc==SQLITE_NOMEM || rc==SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM ){
      db->mallocFailed = 1;

      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zErr),zErr, "out of memory");
    }else{

      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zErr),zErr, "unable to open database: %s", zFile);
    }
    goto attach_error;
  }
  
  return;

attach_error:
  /* Return an error if we get here */
  if( zErrDyn ){
    sqlite3_result_error(context, zErrDyn, -1);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, zErrDyn);
  }else{
    zErr[sizeof(zErr)-1] = 0;
    sqlite3_result_error(context, zErr, -1);
  }
  if( rc ) sqlite3_result_error_code(context, rc);
}

/*
** An SQL user-function registered to do the work of an DETACH statement. The
** three arguments to the function come directly from a detach statement:
................................................................................
**
**     DETACH DATABASE x
**
**     SELECT sqlite_detach(x)
*/
static void detachFunc(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  const char *zName = (const char *)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
  sqlite3 *db = sqlite3_context_db_handle(context);
  int i;
  Db *pDb = 0;
  char zErr[128];



  if( zName==0 ) zName = "";
  for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
    pDb = &db->aDb[i];
    if( pDb->pBt==0 ) continue;
    if( sqlite3StrICmp(pDb->zName, zName)==0 ) break;
  }
................................................................................
    goto detach_error;
  }
  if( !db->autoCommit ){
    sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zErr), zErr,
                     "cannot DETACH database within transaction");
    goto detach_error;
  }
  if( sqlite3BtreeIsInReadTrans(pDb->pBt) ){
    sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zErr),zErr, "database %s is locked", zName);
    goto detach_error;
  }

  sqlite3BtreeClose(pDb->pBt);
  pDb->pBt = 0;
  pDb->pSchema = 0;
................................................................................
/*
** This procedure generates VDBE code for a single invocation of either the
** sqlite_detach() or sqlite_attach() SQL user functions.
*/
static void codeAttach(
  Parse *pParse,       /* The parser context */
  int type,            /* Either SQLITE_ATTACH or SQLITE_DETACH */
  const char *zFunc,   /* Either "sqlite_attach" or "sqlite_detach */
  int nFunc,           /* Number of args to pass to zFunc */
  Expr *pAuthArg,      /* Expression to pass to authorization callback */
  Expr *pFilename,     /* Name of database file */
  Expr *pDbname,       /* Name of the database to use internally */
  Expr *pKey           /* Database key for encryption extension */
){
  int rc;
  NameContext sName;
  Vdbe *v;
  FuncDef *pFunc;
  sqlite3* db = pParse->db;
  int regArgs;

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
  assert( db->mallocFailed || pAuthArg );
  if( pAuthArg ){
    char *zAuthArg = sqlite3NameFromToken(db, &pAuthArg->span);
    if( !zAuthArg ){
      goto attach_end;
    }
    rc = sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, type, zAuthArg, 0, 0);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, zAuthArg);
    if(rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      goto attach_end;
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION */

  memset(&sName, 0, sizeof(NameContext));
  sName.pParse = pParse;

  if( 
      SQLITE_OK!=(rc = resolveAttachExpr(&sName, pFilename)) ||
      SQLITE_OK!=(rc = resolveAttachExpr(&sName, pDbname)) ||
      SQLITE_OK!=(rc = resolveAttachExpr(&sName, pKey))
  ){
    pParse->nErr++;
    goto attach_end;
  }















  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  regArgs = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, 4);
  sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pFilename, regArgs);
  sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pDbname, regArgs+1);
  sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pKey, regArgs+2);

  assert( v || db->mallocFailed );
  if( v ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Function, 0, regArgs+3-nFunc, regArgs+3);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, nFunc);
    pFunc = sqlite3FindFunction(db, zFunc, strlen(zFunc), nFunc, SQLITE_UTF8,0);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char *)pFunc, P4_FUNCDEF);

    /* Code an OP_Expire. For an ATTACH statement, set P1 to true (expire this
    ** statement only). For DETACH, set it to false (expire all existing
    ** statements).
    */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Expire, (type==SQLITE_ATTACH));
................................................................................

/*
** Called by the parser to compile a DETACH statement.
**
**     DETACH pDbname
*/
void sqlite3Detach(Parse *pParse, Expr *pDbname){













  codeAttach(pParse, SQLITE_DETACH, "sqlite_detach", 1, pDbname, 0, 0, pDbname);
}

/*
** Called by the parser to compile an ATTACH statement.
**
**     ATTACH p AS pDbname KEY pKey
*/
void sqlite3Attach(Parse *pParse, Expr *p, Expr *pDbname, Expr *pKey){
  codeAttach(pParse, SQLITE_ATTACH, "sqlite_attach", 3, p, p, pDbname, pKey);











}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_ATTACH */


/*
** Register the functions sqlite_attach and sqlite_detach.
*/
void sqlite3AttachFunctions(sqlite3 *db){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_ATTACH
  static const int enc = SQLITE_UTF8;
  sqlite3CreateFunc(db, "sqlite_attach", 3, enc, 0, attachFunc, 0, 0);
  sqlite3CreateFunc(db, "sqlite_detach", 1, enc, 0, detachFunc, 0, 0);
#endif
}

/*
** Initialize a DbFixer structure.  This routine must be called prior
** to passing the structure to one of the sqliteFixAAAA() routines below.
**
** The return value indicates whether or not fixation is required.  TRUE
** means we do need to fix the database references, FALSE means we do not.
*/
................................................................................
  Parse *pParse,      /* Error messages will be written here */
  int iDb,            /* This is the database that must be used */
  const char *zType,  /* "view", "trigger", or "index" */
  const Token *pName  /* Name of the view, trigger, or index */
){
  sqlite3 *db;

  if( iDb<0 || iDb==1 ) return 0;
  db = pParse->db;
  assert( db->nDb>iDb );
  pFix->pParse = pParse;
  pFix->zDb = db->aDb[iDb].zName;
  pFix->zType = zType;
  pFix->pName = pName;
  return 1;
................................................................................
  DbFixer *pFix,       /* Context of the fixation */
  SrcList *pList       /* The Source list to check and modify */
){
  int i;
  const char *zDb;
  struct SrcList_item *pItem;

  if( pList==0 ) return 0;
  zDb = pFix->zDb;
  for(i=0, pItem=pList->a; i<pList->nSrc; i++, pItem++){
    if( pItem->zDatabase==0 ){
      pItem->zDatabase = sqlite3DbStrDup(pFix->pParse->db, zDb);
    }else if( sqlite3StrICmp(pItem->zDatabase,zDb)!=0 ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pFix->pParse,
         "%s %T cannot reference objects in database %s",
................................................................................
  return 0;
}
int sqlite3FixExpr(
  DbFixer *pFix,     /* Context of the fixation */
  Expr *pExpr        /* The expression to be fixed to one database */
){
  while( pExpr ){
    if( sqlite3FixSelect(pFix, pExpr->pSelect) ){
      return 1;
    }
    if( sqlite3FixExprList(pFix, pExpr->pList) ){
      return 1;
    }
    if( sqlite3FixExpr(pFix, pExpr->pRight) ){
      return 1;
    }
    pExpr = pExpr->pLeft;
  }
  return 0;







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**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains code used to implement the ATTACH and DETACH commands.


*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_ATTACH
/*
** Resolve an expression that was part of an ATTACH or DETACH statement. This
** is slightly different from resolving a normal SQL expression, because simple
................................................................................
** will fail because neither abc or def can be resolved.
*/
static int resolveAttachExpr(NameContext *pName, Expr *pExpr)
{
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  if( pExpr ){
    if( pExpr->op!=TK_ID ){
      rc = sqlite3ResolveExprNames(pName, pExpr);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK && !sqlite3ExprIsConstant(pExpr) ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pName->pParse, "invalid name: \"%s\"", pExpr->u.zToken);
        return SQLITE_ERROR;
      }
    }else{
      pExpr->op = TK_STRING;
    }
  }
  return rc;
................................................................................
**     SELECT sqlite_attach(x, y, z)
**
** If the optional "KEY z" syntax is omitted, an SQL NULL is passed as the
** third argument.
*/
static void attachFunc(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int NotUsed,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  int i;
  int rc = 0;
  sqlite3 *db = sqlite3_context_db_handle(context);
  const char *zName;
  const char *zFile;
  Db *aNew;
  char *zErrDyn = 0;

  UNUSED_PARAMETER(NotUsed);

  zFile = (const char *)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
  zName = (const char *)sqlite3_value_text(argv[1]);
  if( zFile==0 ) zFile = "";
  if( zName==0 ) zName = "";

  /* Check for the following errors:
  **
  **     * Too many attached databases,
  **     * Transaction currently open
  **     * Specified database name already being used.
  */
  if( db->nDb>=db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_ATTACHED]+2 ){

    zErrDyn = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "too many attached databases - max %d", 
      db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_ATTACHED]
    );
    goto attach_error;
  }
  if( !db->autoCommit ){

    zErrDyn = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "cannot ATTACH database within transaction");
    goto attach_error;
  }
  for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
    char *z = db->aDb[i].zName;
    assert( z && zName );
    if( sqlite3StrICmp(z, zName)==0 ){
      zErrDyn = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "database %s is already in use", zName);
      goto attach_error;
    }
  }

  /* Allocate the new entry in the db->aDb[] array and initialise the schema
  ** hash tables.
  */
................................................................................
    if( aNew==0 ) return;
    memcpy(aNew, db->aDb, sizeof(db->aDb[0])*2);
  }else{
    aNew = sqlite3DbRealloc(db, db->aDb, sizeof(db->aDb[0])*(db->nDb+1) );
    if( aNew==0 ) return;
  }
  db->aDb = aNew;
  aNew = &db->aDb[db->nDb];
  memset(aNew, 0, sizeof(*aNew));

  /* Open the database file. If the btree is successfully opened, use
  ** it to obtain the database schema. At this point the schema may
  ** or may not be initialised.
  */
  rc = sqlite3BtreeOpen(zFile, db, &aNew->pBt, 0,
                        db->openFlags | SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB);
  db->nDb++;
  if( rc==SQLITE_CONSTRAINT ){
    rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
    zErrDyn = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "database is already attached");
  }else if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    Pager *pPager;
    aNew->pSchema = sqlite3SchemaGet(db, aNew->pBt);
    if( !aNew->pSchema ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }else if( aNew->pSchema->file_format && aNew->pSchema->enc!=ENC(db) ){
      zErrDyn = sqlite3MPrintf(db, 
        "attached databases must use the same text encoding as main database");
      rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
    }
    pPager = sqlite3BtreePager(aNew->pBt);
    sqlite3PagerLockingMode(pPager, db->dfltLockMode);
    sqlite3BtreeSecureDelete(aNew->pBt,
                             sqlite3BtreeSecureDelete(db->aDb[0].pBt,-1) );
  }

  aNew->safety_level = 3;
  aNew->zName = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, zName);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && aNew->zName==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }



#ifdef SQLITE_HAS_CODEC
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    extern int sqlite3CodecAttach(sqlite3*, int, const void*, int);
    extern void sqlite3CodecGetKey(sqlite3*, int, void**, int*);
    int nKey;
    char *zKey;
    int t = sqlite3_value_type(argv[2]);
    switch( t ){
      case SQLITE_INTEGER:
................................................................................
        rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
        break;
        
      case SQLITE_TEXT:
      case SQLITE_BLOB:
        nKey = sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[2]);
        zKey = (char *)sqlite3_value_blob(argv[2]);
        rc = sqlite3CodecAttach(db, db->nDb-1, zKey, nKey);
        break;

      case SQLITE_NULL:
        /* No key specified.  Use the key from the main database */
        sqlite3CodecGetKey(db, 0, (void**)&zKey, &nKey);
        rc = sqlite3CodecAttach(db, db->nDb-1, zKey, nKey);
        break;
    }
  }
#endif

  /* If the file was opened successfully, read the schema for the new database.
  ** If this fails, or if opening the file failed, then close the file and 
  ** remove the entry from the db->aDb[] array. i.e. put everything back the way
  ** we found it.
  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){

    sqlite3BtreeEnterAll(db);
    rc = sqlite3Init(db, &zErrDyn);
    sqlite3BtreeLeaveAll(db);

  }
  if( rc ){
    int iDb = db->nDb - 1;
    assert( iDb>=2 );
    if( db->aDb[iDb].pBt ){
      sqlite3BtreeClose(db->aDb[iDb].pBt);
      db->aDb[iDb].pBt = 0;
      db->aDb[iDb].pSchema = 0;
    }
    sqlite3ResetInternalSchema(db, 0);
    db->nDb = iDb;
    if( rc==SQLITE_NOMEM || rc==SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM ){
      db->mallocFailed = 1;
      sqlite3DbFree(db, zErrDyn);
      zErrDyn = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "out of memory");

    }else if( zErrDyn==0 ){
      zErrDyn = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "unable to open database: %s", zFile);
    }
    goto attach_error;
  }
  
  return;

attach_error:
  /* Return an error if we get here */
  if( zErrDyn ){
    sqlite3_result_error(context, zErrDyn, -1);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, zErrDyn);



  }
  if( rc ) sqlite3_result_error_code(context, rc);
}

/*
** An SQL user-function registered to do the work of an DETACH statement. The
** three arguments to the function come directly from a detach statement:
................................................................................
**
**     DETACH DATABASE x
**
**     SELECT sqlite_detach(x)
*/
static void detachFunc(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int NotUsed,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  const char *zName = (const char *)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
  sqlite3 *db = sqlite3_context_db_handle(context);
  int i;
  Db *pDb = 0;
  char zErr[128];

  UNUSED_PARAMETER(NotUsed);

  if( zName==0 ) zName = "";
  for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
    pDb = &db->aDb[i];
    if( pDb->pBt==0 ) continue;
    if( sqlite3StrICmp(pDb->zName, zName)==0 ) break;
  }
................................................................................
    goto detach_error;
  }
  if( !db->autoCommit ){
    sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zErr), zErr,
                     "cannot DETACH database within transaction");
    goto detach_error;
  }
  if( sqlite3BtreeIsInReadTrans(pDb->pBt) || sqlite3BtreeIsInBackup(pDb->pBt) ){
    sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zErr),zErr, "database %s is locked", zName);
    goto detach_error;
  }

  sqlite3BtreeClose(pDb->pBt);
  pDb->pBt = 0;
  pDb->pSchema = 0;
................................................................................
/*
** This procedure generates VDBE code for a single invocation of either the
** sqlite_detach() or sqlite_attach() SQL user functions.
*/
static void codeAttach(
  Parse *pParse,       /* The parser context */
  int type,            /* Either SQLITE_ATTACH or SQLITE_DETACH */
  FuncDef const *pFunc,/* FuncDef wrapper for detachFunc() or attachFunc() */

  Expr *pAuthArg,      /* Expression to pass to authorization callback */
  Expr *pFilename,     /* Name of database file */
  Expr *pDbname,       /* Name of the database to use internally */
  Expr *pKey           /* Database key for encryption extension */
){
  int rc;
  NameContext sName;
  Vdbe *v;

  sqlite3* db = pParse->db;
  int regArgs;
















  memset(&sName, 0, sizeof(NameContext));
  sName.pParse = pParse;

  if( 
      SQLITE_OK!=(rc = resolveAttachExpr(&sName, pFilename)) ||
      SQLITE_OK!=(rc = resolveAttachExpr(&sName, pDbname)) ||
      SQLITE_OK!=(rc = resolveAttachExpr(&sName, pKey))
  ){
    pParse->nErr++;
    goto attach_end;
  }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
  if( pAuthArg ){
    char *zAuthArg = pAuthArg->u.zToken;
    if( NEVER(zAuthArg==0) ){
      goto attach_end;
    }
    rc = sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, type, zAuthArg, 0, 0);
    if(rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      goto attach_end;
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION */


  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  regArgs = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, 4);
  sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pFilename, regArgs);
  sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pDbname, regArgs+1);
  sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pKey, regArgs+2);

  assert( v || db->mallocFailed );
  if( v ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Function, 0, regArgs+3-pFunc->nArg, regArgs+3);
    assert( pFunc->nArg==-1 || (pFunc->nArg&0xff)==pFunc->nArg );
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, (u8)(pFunc->nArg));
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char *)pFunc, P4_FUNCDEF);

    /* Code an OP_Expire. For an ATTACH statement, set P1 to true (expire this
    ** statement only). For DETACH, set it to false (expire all existing
    ** statements).
    */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Expire, (type==SQLITE_ATTACH));
................................................................................

/*
** Called by the parser to compile a DETACH statement.
**
**     DETACH pDbname
*/
void sqlite3Detach(Parse *pParse, Expr *pDbname){
  static const FuncDef detach_func = {
    1,                /* nArg */
    SQLITE_UTF8,      /* iPrefEnc */
    0,                /* flags */
    0,                /* pUserData */
    0,                /* pNext */
    detachFunc,       /* xFunc */
    0,                /* xStep */
    0,                /* xFinalize */
    "sqlite_detach",  /* zName */
    0,                /* pHash */
    0                 /* pDestructor */
  };
  codeAttach(pParse, SQLITE_DETACH, &detach_func, pDbname, 0, 0, pDbname);
}

/*
** Called by the parser to compile an ATTACH statement.
**
**     ATTACH p AS pDbname KEY pKey
*/
void sqlite3Attach(Parse *pParse, Expr *p, Expr *pDbname, Expr *pKey){
  static const FuncDef attach_func = {
    3,                /* nArg */
    SQLITE_UTF8,      /* iPrefEnc */
    0,                /* flags */
    0,                /* pUserData */
    0,                /* pNext */
    attachFunc,       /* xFunc */
    0,                /* xStep */
    0,                /* xFinalize */
    "sqlite_attach",  /* zName */
    0,                /* pHash */
    0                 /* pDestructor */
  };

  codeAttach(pParse, SQLITE_ATTACH, &attach_func, p, p, pDbname, pKey);
}




#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_ATTACH */






/*
** Initialize a DbFixer structure.  This routine must be called prior
** to passing the structure to one of the sqliteFixAAAA() routines below.
**
** The return value indicates whether or not fixation is required.  TRUE
** means we do need to fix the database references, FALSE means we do not.
*/
................................................................................
  Parse *pParse,      /* Error messages will be written here */
  int iDb,            /* This is the database that must be used */
  const char *zType,  /* "view", "trigger", or "index" */
  const Token *pName  /* Name of the view, trigger, or index */
){
  sqlite3 *db;

  if( NEVER(iDb<0) || iDb==1 ) return 0;
  db = pParse->db;
  assert( db->nDb>iDb );
  pFix->pParse = pParse;
  pFix->zDb = db->aDb[iDb].zName;
  pFix->zType = zType;
  pFix->pName = pName;
  return 1;
................................................................................
  DbFixer *pFix,       /* Context of the fixation */
  SrcList *pList       /* The Source list to check and modify */
){
  int i;
  const char *zDb;
  struct SrcList_item *pItem;

  if( NEVER(pList==0) ) return 0;
  zDb = pFix->zDb;
  for(i=0, pItem=pList->a; i<pList->nSrc; i++, pItem++){
    if( pItem->zDatabase==0 ){
      pItem->zDatabase = sqlite3DbStrDup(pFix->pParse->db, zDb);
    }else if( sqlite3StrICmp(pItem->zDatabase,zDb)!=0 ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pFix->pParse,
         "%s %T cannot reference objects in database %s",
................................................................................
  return 0;
}
int sqlite3FixExpr(
  DbFixer *pFix,     /* Context of the fixation */
  Expr *pExpr        /* The expression to be fixed to one database */
){
  while( pExpr ){
    if( ExprHasAnyProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly) ) break;
    if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
      if( sqlite3FixSelect(pFix, pExpr->x.pSelect) ) return 1;
    }else{
      if( sqlite3FixExprList(pFix, pExpr->x.pList) ) return 1;
    }
    if( sqlite3FixExpr(pFix, pExpr->pRight) ){
      return 1;
    }
    pExpr = pExpr->pLeft;
  }
  return 0;

Changes to SQLite.Interop/splitsource/auth.c.

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**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains code used to implement the sqlite3_set_authorizer()
** API.  This facility is an optional feature of the library.  Embedded
** systems that do not need this facility may omit it by recompiling
** the library with -DSQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION=1
**
** $Id: auth.c,v 1.1 2008/08/06 21:48:06 rmsimpson Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

/*
** All of the code in this file may be omitted by defining a single
** macro.
*/
................................................................................
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Write an error message into pParse->zErrMsg that explains that the
** user-supplied authorization function returned an illegal value.
*/
static void sqliteAuthBadReturnCode(Parse *pParse, int rc){
  sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "illegal return value (%d) from the "
    "authorization function - should be SQLITE_OK, SQLITE_IGNORE, "






















    "or SQLITE_DENY", rc);





  pParse->rc = SQLITE_ERROR;


}



/*
** The pExpr should be a TK_COLUMN expression.  The table referred to
** is in pTabList or else it is the NEW or OLD table of a trigger.  
** Check to see if it is OK to read this particular column.
**
** If the auth function returns SQLITE_IGNORE, change the TK_COLUMN 
................................................................................
void sqlite3AuthRead(
  Parse *pParse,        /* The parser context */
  Expr *pExpr,          /* The expression to check authorization on */
  Schema *pSchema,      /* The schema of the expression */
  SrcList *pTabList     /* All table that pExpr might refer to */
){
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  int rc;
  Table *pTab = 0;      /* The table being read */
  const char *zCol;     /* Name of the column of the table */
  int iSrc;             /* Index in pTabList->a[] of table being read */
  const char *zDBase;   /* Name of database being accessed */
  TriggerStack *pStack; /* The stack of current triggers */
  int iDb;              /* The index of the database the expression refers to */


  if( db->xAuth==0 ) return;
  if( pExpr->op!=TK_COLUMN ) return;
  iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(pParse->db, pSchema);
  if( iDb<0 ){
    /* An attempt to read a column out of a subquery or other
    ** temporary table. */
    return;
  }
  for(iSrc=0; pTabList && iSrc<pTabList->nSrc; iSrc++){
    if( pExpr->iTable==pTabList->a[iSrc].iCursor ) break;
  }
  if( iSrc>=0 && pTabList && iSrc<pTabList->nSrc ){
    pTab = pTabList->a[iSrc].pTab;
  }else if( (pStack = pParse->trigStack)!=0 ){
    /* This must be an attempt to read the NEW or OLD pseudo-tables
    ** of a trigger.
    */
    assert( pExpr->iTable==pStack->newIdx || pExpr->iTable==pStack->oldIdx );
    pTab = pStack->pTab;
  }
  if( pTab==0 ) return;
  if( pExpr->iColumn>=0 ){
    assert( pExpr->iColumn<pTab->nCol );
    zCol = pTab->aCol[pExpr->iColumn].zName;



  }else if( pTab->iPKey>=0 ){
    assert( pTab->iPKey<pTab->nCol );
    zCol = pTab->aCol[pTab->iPKey].zName;
  }else{
    zCol = "ROWID";
  }
  assert( iDb>=0 && iDb<db->nDb );
  zDBase = db->aDb[iDb].zName;
  rc = db->xAuth(db->pAuthArg, SQLITE_READ, pTab->zName, zCol, zDBase, 
                 pParse->zAuthContext);
  if( rc==SQLITE_IGNORE ){
    pExpr->op = TK_NULL;
  }else if( rc==SQLITE_DENY ){
    if( db->nDb>2 || iDb!=0 ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "access to %s.%s.%s is prohibited", 
         zDBase, pTab->zName, zCol);
    }else{
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "access to %s.%s is prohibited",pTab->zName,zCol);
    }
    pParse->rc = SQLITE_AUTH;
  }else if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    sqliteAuthBadReturnCode(pParse, rc);
  }
}

/*
** Do an authorization check using the code and arguments given.  Return
** either SQLITE_OK (zero) or SQLITE_IGNORE or SQLITE_DENY.  If SQLITE_DENY
** is returned, then the error count and error message in pParse are
................................................................................
  }
  rc = db->xAuth(db->pAuthArg, code, zArg1, zArg2, zArg3, pParse->zAuthContext);
  if( rc==SQLITE_DENY ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "not authorized");
    pParse->rc = SQLITE_AUTH;
  }else if( rc!=SQLITE_OK && rc!=SQLITE_IGNORE ){
    rc = SQLITE_DENY;
    sqliteAuthBadReturnCode(pParse, rc);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Push an authorization context.  After this routine is called, the
** zArg3 argument to authorization callbacks will be zContext until
................................................................................
** popped.  Or if pParse==0, this routine is a no-op.
*/
void sqlite3AuthContextPush(
  Parse *pParse,
  AuthContext *pContext, 
  const char *zContext
){

  pContext->pParse = pParse;
  if( pParse ){
    pContext->zAuthContext = pParse->zAuthContext;
    pParse->zAuthContext = zContext;
  }
}

/*
** Pop an authorization context that was previously pushed
** by sqlite3AuthContextPush
*/
void sqlite3AuthContextPop(AuthContext *pContext){







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**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains code used to implement the sqlite3_set_authorizer()
** API.  This facility is an optional feature of the library.  Embedded
** systems that do not need this facility may omit it by recompiling
** the library with -DSQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION=1


*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

/*
** All of the code in this file may be omitted by defining a single
** macro.
*/
................................................................................
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Write an error message into pParse->zErrMsg that explains that the
** user-supplied authorization function returned an illegal value.
*/
static void sqliteAuthBadReturnCode(Parse *pParse){
  sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "authorizer malfunction");
  pParse->rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
}

/*
** Invoke the authorization callback for permission to read column zCol from
** table zTab in database zDb. This function assumes that an authorization
** callback has been registered (i.e. that sqlite3.xAuth is not NULL).
**
** If SQLITE_IGNORE is returned and pExpr is not NULL, then pExpr is changed
** to an SQL NULL expression. Otherwise, if pExpr is NULL, then SQLITE_IGNORE
** is treated as SQLITE_DENY. In this case an error is left in pParse.
*/
int sqlite3AuthReadCol(
  Parse *pParse,                  /* The parser context */
  const char *zTab,               /* Table name */
  const char *zCol,               /* Column name */
  int iDb                         /* Index of containing database. */
){
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;       /* Database handle */
  char *zDb = db->aDb[iDb].zName; /* Name of attached database */
  int rc;                         /* Auth callback return code */

  rc = db->xAuth(db->pAuthArg, SQLITE_READ, zTab,zCol,zDb,pParse->zAuthContext);
  if( rc==SQLITE_DENY ){
    if( db->nDb>2 || iDb!=0 ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "access to %s.%s.%s is prohibited",zDb,zTab,zCol);
    }else{
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "access to %s.%s is prohibited", zTab, zCol);
    }
    pParse->rc = SQLITE_AUTH;
  }else if( rc!=SQLITE_IGNORE && rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    sqliteAuthBadReturnCode(pParse);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** The pExpr should be a TK_COLUMN expression.  The table referred to
** is in pTabList or else it is the NEW or OLD table of a trigger.  
** Check to see if it is OK to read this particular column.
**
** If the auth function returns SQLITE_IGNORE, change the TK_COLUMN 
................................................................................
void sqlite3AuthRead(
  Parse *pParse,        /* The parser context */
  Expr *pExpr,          /* The expression to check authorization on */
  Schema *pSchema,      /* The schema of the expression */
  SrcList *pTabList     /* All table that pExpr might refer to */
){
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;

  Table *pTab = 0;      /* The table being read */
  const char *zCol;     /* Name of the column of the table */
  int iSrc;             /* Index in pTabList->a[] of table being read */


  int iDb;              /* The index of the database the expression refers to */
  int iCol;             /* Index of column in table */

  if( db->xAuth==0 ) return;

  iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(pParse->db, pSchema);
  if( iDb<0 ){
    /* An attempt to read a column out of a subquery or other
    ** temporary table. */
    return;
  }

  assert( pExpr->op==TK_COLUMN || pExpr->op==TK_TRIGGER );
  if( pExpr->op==TK_TRIGGER ){
    pTab = pParse->pTriggerTab;
  }else{
    assert( pTabList );
    for(iSrc=0; ALWAYS(iSrc<pTabList->nSrc); iSrc++){
      if( pExpr->iTable==pTabList->a[iSrc].iCursor ){
        pTab = pTabList->a[iSrc].pTab;
        break;
      }
    }
  }
  iCol = pExpr->iColumn;
  if( NEVER(pTab==0) ) return;

  if( iCol>=0 ){
    assert( iCol<pTab->nCol );
    zCol = pTab->aCol[iCol].zName;
  }else if( pTab->iPKey>=0 ){
    assert( pTab->iPKey<pTab->nCol );
    zCol = pTab->aCol[pTab->iPKey].zName;
  }else{
    zCol = "ROWID";
  }
  assert( iDb>=0 && iDb<db->nDb );
  if( SQLITE_IGNORE==sqlite3AuthReadCol(pParse, pTab->zName, zCol, iDb) ){



    pExpr->op = TK_NULL;










  }
}

/*
** Do an authorization check using the code and arguments given.  Return
** either SQLITE_OK (zero) or SQLITE_IGNORE or SQLITE_DENY.  If SQLITE_DENY
** is returned, then the error count and error message in pParse are
................................................................................
  }
  rc = db->xAuth(db->pAuthArg, code, zArg1, zArg2, zArg3, pParse->zAuthContext);
  if( rc==SQLITE_DENY ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "not authorized");
    pParse->rc = SQLITE_AUTH;
  }else if( rc!=SQLITE_OK && rc!=SQLITE_IGNORE ){
    rc = SQLITE_DENY;
    sqliteAuthBadReturnCode(pParse);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Push an authorization context.  After this routine is called, the
** zArg3 argument to authorization callbacks will be zContext until
................................................................................
** popped.  Or if pParse==0, this routine is a no-op.
*/
void sqlite3AuthContextPush(
  Parse *pParse,
  AuthContext *pContext, 
  const char *zContext
){
  assert( pParse );
  pContext->pParse = pParse;

  pContext->zAuthContext = pParse->zAuthContext;
  pParse->zAuthContext = zContext;

}

/*
** Pop an authorization context that was previously pushed
** by sqlite3AuthContextPush
*/
void sqlite3AuthContextPop(AuthContext *pContext){

Changes to SQLite.Interop/splitsource/bitvec.c.

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**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file implements an object that represents a fixed-length
** bitmap.  Bits are numbered starting with 1.
**
** A bitmap is used to record what pages a database file have been
** journalled during a transaction.  Usually only a few pages are

** journalled.  So the bitmap is usually sparse and has low cardinality.
** But sometimes (for example when during a DROP of a large table) most
** or all of the pages get journalled.  In those cases, the bitmap becomes

** dense.  The algorithm needs to handle both cases well.
**
** The size of the bitmap is fixed when the object is created.
**
** All bits are clear when the bitmap is created.  Individual bits
** may be set or cleared one at a time.
**
** Test operations are about 100 times more common that set operations.
** Clear operations are exceedingly rare.  There are usually between
** 5 and 500 set operations per Bitvec object, though the number of sets can
** sometimes grow into tens of thousands or larger.  The size of the
** Bitvec object is the number of pages in the database file at the
** start of a transaction, and is thus usually less than a few thousand,
** but can be as large as 2 billion for a really big database.
**
** @(#) $Id: bitvec.c,v 1.1 2008/08/06 21:48:06 rmsimpson Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"


#define BITVEC_SZ        512

/* Round the union size down to the nearest pointer boundary, since that's how 
** it will be aligned within the Bitvec struct. */
#define BITVEC_USIZE     (((BITVEC_SZ-12)/sizeof(Bitvec*))*sizeof(Bitvec*))







#define BITVEC_NCHAR     BITVEC_USIZE



#define BITVEC_NBIT      (BITVEC_NCHAR*8)


#define BITVEC_NINT      (BITVEC_USIZE/4)


#define BITVEC_MXHASH    (BITVEC_NINT/2)






#define BITVEC_NPTR      (BITVEC_USIZE/sizeof(Bitvec *))

#define BITVEC_HASH(X)   (((X)*37)%BITVEC_NINT)

/*
** A bitmap is an instance of the following structure.
**
** This bitmap records the existance of zero or more bits
** with values between 1 and iSize, inclusive.
**
................................................................................
** handles up to iDivisor separate values of i.  apSub[0] holds
** values between 1 and iDivisor.  apSub[1] holds values between
** iDivisor+1 and 2*iDivisor.  apSub[N] holds values between
** N*iDivisor+1 and (N+1)*iDivisor.  Each subbitmap is normalized
** to hold deal with values between 1 and iDivisor.
*/
struct Bitvec {
  u32 iSize;      /* Maximum bit index */
  u32 nSet;       /* Number of bits that are set */


  u32 iDivisor;   /* Number of bits handled by each apSub[] entry */



  union {
    u8 aBitmap[BITVEC_NCHAR];    /* Bitmap representation */
    u32 aHash[BITVEC_NINT];      /* Hash table representation */
    Bitvec *apSub[BITVEC_NPTR];  /* Recursive representation */
  } u;
};

/*
** Create a new bitmap object able to handle bits between 0 and iSize,
................................................................................
** Check to see if the i-th bit is set.  Return true or false.
** If p is NULL (if the bitmap has not been created) or if
** i is out of range, then return false.
*/
int sqlite3BitvecTest(Bitvec *p, u32 i){
  if( p==0 ) return 0;
  if( i>p->iSize || i==0 ) return 0;
  if( p->iSize<=BITVEC_NBIT ){
    i--;
    return (p->u.aBitmap[i/8] & (1<<(i&7)))!=0;
  }
  if( p->iDivisor>0 ){
    u32 bin = (i-1)/p->iDivisor;
    i = (i-1)%p->iDivisor + 1;
    return sqlite3BitvecTest(p->u.apSub[bin], i);






  }else{
    u32 h = BITVEC_HASH(i);
    while( p->u.aHash[h] ){
      if( p->u.aHash[h]==i ) return 1;
      h++;
      if( h>=BITVEC_NINT ) h = 0;
    }
    return 0;
  }
}

/*
** Set the i-th bit.  Return 0 on success and an error code if
** anything goes wrong.








*/
int sqlite3BitvecSet(Bitvec *p, u32 i){
  u32 h;
  assert( p!=0 );
  assert( i>0 );
  assert( i<=p->iSize );
  if( p->iSize<=BITVEC_NBIT ){
    i--;
    p->u.aBitmap[i/8] |= 1 << (i&7);
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  if( p->iDivisor ){
    u32 bin = (i-1)/p->iDivisor;
    i = (i-1)%p->iDivisor + 1;
    if( p->u.apSub[bin]==0 ){
      sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc();
      p->u.apSub[bin] = sqlite3BitvecCreate( p->iDivisor );
      sqlite3EndBenignMalloc();
      if( p->u.apSub[bin]==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
    return sqlite3BitvecSet(p->u.apSub[bin], i);
  }




  h = BITVEC_HASH(i);



  while( p->u.aHash[h] ){









    if( p->u.aHash[h]==i ) return SQLITE_OK;
    h++;
    if( h==BITVEC_NINT ) h = 0;
  }
  p->nSet++;





  if( p->nSet>=BITVEC_MXHASH ){

    int j, rc;

    u32 aiValues[BITVEC_NINT];


    memcpy(aiValues, p->u.aHash, sizeof(aiValues));
    memset(p->u.apSub, 0, sizeof(p->u.apSub[0])*BITVEC_NPTR);
    p->iDivisor = (p->iSize + BITVEC_NPTR - 1)/BITVEC_NPTR;
    rc = sqlite3BitvecSet(p, i);
    for(j=0; j<BITVEC_NINT; j++){
      if( aiValues[j] ) rc |= sqlite3BitvecSet(p, aiValues[j]);
    }

    return rc;
  }



  p->u.aHash[h] = i;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Clear the i-th bit.  Return 0 on success and an error code if
** anything goes wrong.


*/
void sqlite3BitvecClear(Bitvec *p, u32 i){
  assert( p!=0 );

  assert( i>0 );
  if( p->iSize<=BITVEC_NBIT ){
    i--;
    p->u.aBitmap[i/8] &= ~(1 << (i&7));
  }else if( p->iDivisor ){
    u32 bin = (i-1)/p->iDivisor;
    i = (i-1)%p->iDivisor + 1;
    if( p->u.apSub[bin] ){
      sqlite3BitvecClear(p->u.apSub[bin], i);

    }



  }else{
    int j;
    u32 aiValues[BITVEC_NINT];

    memcpy(aiValues, p->u.aHash, sizeof(aiValues));
    memset(p->u.aHash, 0, sizeof(p->u.aHash[0])*BITVEC_NINT);
    p->nSet = 0;
    for(j=0; j<BITVEC_NINT; j++){
      if( aiValues[j] && aiValues[j]!=i ){






        sqlite3BitvecSet(p, aiValues[j]);
      }
    }
  }
}

/*
** Destroy a bitmap object.  Reclaim all memory used.
*/
void sqlite3BitvecDestroy(Bitvec *p){
  if( p==0 ) return;
  if( p->iDivisor ){
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<BITVEC_NPTR; i++){
      sqlite3BitvecDestroy(p->u.apSub[i]);
    }
  }
  sqlite3_free(p);
}









#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST
/*
** Let V[] be an array of unsigned characters sufficient to hold
** up to N bits.  Let I be an integer between 0 and N.  0<=I<N.
** Then the following macros can be used to set, clear, or test
** individual bits within V.
................................................................................
** If a memory allocation error occurs, return -1.
*/
int sqlite3BitvecBuiltinTest(int sz, int *aOp){
  Bitvec *pBitvec = 0;
  unsigned char *pV = 0;
  int rc = -1;
  int i, nx, pc, op;


  /* Allocate the Bitvec to be tested and a linear array of
  ** bits to act as the reference */
  pBitvec = sqlite3BitvecCreate( sz );
  pV = sqlite3_malloc( (sz+7)/8 + 1 );

  if( pBitvec==0 || pV==0 ) goto bitvec_end;
  memset(pV, 0, (sz+7)/8 + 1);





  /* Run the program */
  pc = 0;
  while( (op = aOp[pc])!=0 ){
    switch( op ){
      case 1:
      case 2:
      case 5: {
................................................................................
    if( (op & 1)!=0 ){
      SETBIT(pV, (i+1));
      if( op!=5 ){
        if( sqlite3BitvecSet(pBitvec, i+1) ) goto bitvec_end;
      }
    }else{
      CLEARBIT(pV, (i+1));
      sqlite3BitvecClear(pBitvec, i+1);
    }
  }

  /* Test to make sure the linear array exactly matches the
  ** Bitvec object.  Start with the assumption that they do
  ** match (rc==0).  Change rc to non-zero if a discrepancy
  ** is found.
  */
  rc = sqlite3BitvecTest(0,0) + sqlite3BitvecTest(pBitvec, sz+1)
          + sqlite3BitvecTest(pBitvec, 0);

  for(i=1; i<=sz; i++){
    if(  (TESTBIT(pV,i))!=sqlite3BitvecTest(pBitvec,i) ){
      rc = i;
      break;
    }
  }

  /* Free allocated structure */
bitvec_end:

  sqlite3_free(pV);
  sqlite3BitvecDestroy(pBitvec);
  return rc;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST */







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**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file implements an object that represents a fixed-length
** bitmap.  Bits are numbered starting with 1.
**
** A bitmap is used to record which pages of a database file have been
** journalled during a transaction, or which pages have the "dont-write"
** property.  Usually only a few pages are meet either condition.
** So the bitmap is usually sparse and has low cardinality.
** But sometimes (for example when during a DROP of a large table) most
** or all of the pages in a database can get journalled.  In those cases, 
** the bitmap becomes dense with high cardinality.  The algorithm needs 
** to handle both cases well.
**
** The size of the bitmap is fixed when the object is created.
**
** All bits are clear when the bitmap is created.  Individual bits
** may be set or cleared one at a time.
**
** Test operations are about 100 times more common that set operations.
** Clear operations are exceedingly rare.  There are usually between
** 5 and 500 set operations per Bitvec object, though the number of sets can
** sometimes grow into tens of thousands or larger.  The size of the
** Bitvec object is the number of pages in the database file at the
** start of a transaction, and is thus usually less than a few thousand,
** but can be as large as 2 billion for a really big database.


*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

/* Size of the Bitvec structure in bytes. */
#define BITVEC_SZ        512

/* Round the union size down to the nearest pointer boundary, since that's how 
** it will be aligned within the Bitvec struct. */
#define BITVEC_USIZE     (((BITVEC_SZ-(3*sizeof(u32)))/sizeof(Bitvec*))*sizeof(Bitvec*))

/* Type of the array "element" for the bitmap representation. 
** Should be a power of 2, and ideally, evenly divide into BITVEC_USIZE. 
** Setting this to the "natural word" size of your CPU may improve
** performance. */
#define BITVEC_TELEM     u8
/* Size, in bits, of the bitmap element. */
#define BITVEC_SZELEM    8
/* Number of elements in a bitmap array. */
#define BITVEC_NELEM     (BITVEC_USIZE/sizeof(BITVEC_TELEM))
/* Number of bits in the bitmap array. */
#define BITVEC_NBIT      (BITVEC_NELEM*BITVEC_SZELEM)

/* Number of u32 values in hash table. */
#define BITVEC_NINT      (BITVEC_USIZE/sizeof(u32))
/* Maximum number of entries in hash table before 
** sub-dividing and re-hashing. */
#define BITVEC_MXHASH    (BITVEC_NINT/2)
/* Hashing function for the aHash representation.
** Empirical testing showed that the *37 multiplier 
** (an arbitrary prime)in the hash function provided 
** no fewer collisions than the no-op *1. */
#define BITVEC_HASH(X)   (((X)*1)%BITVEC_NINT)

#define BITVEC_NPTR      (BITVEC_USIZE/sizeof(Bitvec *))



/*
** A bitmap is an instance of the following structure.
**
** This bitmap records the existance of zero or more bits
** with values between 1 and iSize, inclusive.
**
................................................................................
** handles up to iDivisor separate values of i.  apSub[0] holds
** values between 1 and iDivisor.  apSub[1] holds values between
** iDivisor+1 and 2*iDivisor.  apSub[N] holds values between
** N*iDivisor+1 and (N+1)*iDivisor.  Each subbitmap is normalized
** to hold deal with values between 1 and iDivisor.
*/
struct Bitvec {
  u32 iSize;      /* Maximum bit index.  Max iSize is 4,294,967,296. */
  u32 nSet;       /* Number of bits that are set - only valid for aHash
                  ** element.  Max is BITVEC_NINT.  For BITVEC_SZ of 512,
                  ** this would be 125. */
  u32 iDivisor;   /* Number of bits handled by each apSub[] entry. */
                  /* Should >=0 for apSub element. */
                  /* Max iDivisor is max(u32) / BITVEC_NPTR + 1.  */
                  /* For a BITVEC_SZ of 512, this would be 34,359,739. */
  union {
    BITVEC_TELEM aBitmap[BITVEC_NELEM];    /* Bitmap representation */
    u32 aHash[BITVEC_NINT];      /* Hash table representation */
    Bitvec *apSub[BITVEC_NPTR];  /* Recursive representation */
  } u;
};

/*
** Create a new bitmap object able to handle bits between 0 and iSize,
................................................................................
** Check to see if the i-th bit is set.  Return true or false.
** If p is NULL (if the bitmap has not been created) or if
** i is out of range, then return false.
*/
int sqlite3BitvecTest(Bitvec *p, u32 i){
  if( p==0 ) return 0;
  if( i>p->iSize || i==0 ) return 0;

  i--;


  while( p->iDivisor ){
    u32 bin = i/p->iDivisor;
    i = i%p->iDivisor;
    p = p->u.apSub[bin];
    if (!p) {
      return 0;
    }
  }
  if( p->iSize<=BITVEC_NBIT ){
    return (p->u.aBitmap[i/BITVEC_SZELEM] & (1<<(i&(BITVEC_SZELEM-1))))!=0;
  } else{
    u32 h = BITVEC_HASH(i++);
    while( p->u.aHash[h] ){
      if( p->u.aHash[h]==i ) return 1;

      h = (h+1) % BITVEC_NINT;
    }
    return 0;
  }
}

/*
** Set the i-th bit.  Return 0 on success and an error code if
** anything goes wrong.
**
** This routine might cause sub-bitmaps to be allocated.  Failing
** to get the memory needed to hold the sub-bitmap is the only
** that can go wrong with an insert, assuming p and i are valid.
**
** The calling function must ensure that p is a valid Bitvec object
** and that the value for "i" is within range of the Bitvec object.
** Otherwise the behavior is undefined.
*/
int sqlite3BitvecSet(Bitvec *p, u32 i){
  u32 h;
  if( p==0 ) return SQLITE_OK;
  assert( i>0 );
  assert( i<=p->iSize );

  i--;



  while((p->iSize > BITVEC_NBIT) && p->iDivisor) {
    u32 bin = i/p->iDivisor;
    i = i%p->iDivisor;
    if( p->u.apSub[bin]==0 ){

      p->u.apSub[bin] = sqlite3BitvecCreate( p->iDivisor );

      if( p->u.apSub[bin]==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
    p = p->u.apSub[bin];
  }
  if( p->iSize<=BITVEC_NBIT ){
    p->u.aBitmap[i/BITVEC_SZELEM] |= 1 << (i&(BITVEC_SZELEM-1));
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  h = BITVEC_HASH(i++);
  /* if there wasn't a hash collision, and this doesn't */
  /* completely fill the hash, then just add it without */
  /* worring about sub-dividing and re-hashing. */
  if( !p->u.aHash[h] ){
    if (p->nSet<(BITVEC_NINT-1)) {
      goto bitvec_set_end;
    } else {
      goto bitvec_set_rehash;
    }
  }
  /* there was a collision, check to see if it's already */
  /* in hash, if not, try to find a spot for it */
  do {
    if( p->u.aHash[h]==i ) return SQLITE_OK;
    h++;
    if( h>=BITVEC_NINT ) h = 0;


  } while( p->u.aHash[h] );
  /* we didn't find it in the hash.  h points to the first */
  /* available free spot. check to see if this is going to */
  /* make our hash too "full".  */
bitvec_set_rehash:
  if( p->nSet>=BITVEC_MXHASH ){
    unsigned int j;
    int rc;
    u32 *aiValues = sqlite3StackAllocRaw(0, sizeof(p->u.aHash));
    if( aiValues==0 ){
      return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }else{
      memcpy(aiValues, p->u.aHash, sizeof(p->u.aHash));
      memset(p->u.apSub, 0, sizeof(p->u.apSub));
      p->iDivisor = (p->iSize + BITVEC_NPTR - 1)/BITVEC_NPTR;
      rc = sqlite3BitvecSet(p, i);
      for(j=0; j<BITVEC_NINT; j++){
        if( aiValues[j] ) rc |= sqlite3BitvecSet(p, aiValues[j]);
      }
      sqlite3StackFree(0, aiValues);
      return rc;
    }
  }
bitvec_set_end:
  p->nSet++;
  p->u.aHash[h] = i;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Clear the i-th bit.
**
** pBuf must be a pointer to at least BITVEC_SZ bytes of temporary storage
** that BitvecClear can use to rebuilt its hash table.
*/
void sqlite3BitvecClear(Bitvec *p, u32 i, void *pBuf){

  if( p==0 ) return;
  assert( i>0 );

  i--;

  while( p->iDivisor ){
    u32 bin = i/p->iDivisor;
    i = i%p->iDivisor;
    p = p->u.apSub[bin];
    if (!p) {
      return;
    }
  }
  if( p->iSize<=BITVEC_NBIT ){
    p->u.aBitmap[i/BITVEC_SZELEM] &= ~(1 << (i&(BITVEC_SZELEM-1)));
  }else{
    unsigned int j;

    u32 *aiValues = pBuf;
    memcpy(aiValues, p->u.aHash, sizeof(p->u.aHash));
    memset(p->u.aHash, 0, sizeof(p->u.aHash));
    p->nSet = 0;
    for(j=0; j<BITVEC_NINT; j++){
      if( aiValues[j] && aiValues[j]!=(i+1) ){
        u32 h = BITVEC_HASH(aiValues[j]-1);
        p->nSet++;
        while( p->u.aHash[h] ){
          h++;
          if( h>=BITVEC_NINT ) h = 0;
        }
        p->u.aHash[h] = aiValues[j];
      }
    }
  }
}

/*
** Destroy a bitmap object.  Reclaim all memory used.
*/
void sqlite3BitvecDestroy(Bitvec *p){
  if( p==0 ) return;
  if( p->iDivisor ){
    unsigned int i;
    for(i=0; i<BITVEC_NPTR; i++){
      sqlite3BitvecDestroy(p->u.apSub[i]);
    }
  }
  sqlite3_free(p);
}

/*
** Return the value of the iSize parameter specified when Bitvec *p
** was created.
*/
u32 sqlite3BitvecSize(Bitvec *p){
  return p->iSize;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST
/*
** Let V[] be an array of unsigned characters sufficient to hold
** up to N bits.  Let I be an integer between 0 and N.  0<=I<N.
** Then the following macros can be used to set, clear, or test
** individual bits within V.
................................................................................
** If a memory allocation error occurs, return -1.
*/
int sqlite3BitvecBuiltinTest(int sz, int *aOp){
  Bitvec *pBitvec = 0;
  unsigned char *pV = 0;
  int rc = -1;
  int i, nx, pc, op;
  void *pTmpSpace;

  /* Allocate the Bitvec to be tested and a linear array of
  ** bits to act as the reference */
  pBitvec = sqlite3BitvecCreate( sz );
  pV = sqlite3_malloc( (sz+7)/8 + 1 );
  pTmpSpace = sqlite3_malloc(BITVEC_SZ);
  if( pBitvec==0 || pV==0 || pTmpSpace==0  ) goto bitvec_end;
  memset(pV, 0, (sz+7)/8 + 1);

  /* NULL pBitvec tests */
  sqlite3BitvecSet(0, 1);
  sqlite3BitvecClear(0, 1, pTmpSpace);

  /* Run the program */
  pc = 0;
  while( (op = aOp[pc])!=0 ){
    switch( op ){
      case 1:
      case 2:
      case 5: {
................................................................................
    if( (op & 1)!=0 ){
      SETBIT(pV, (i+1));
      if( op!=5 ){
        if( sqlite3BitvecSet(pBitvec, i+1) ) goto bitvec_end;
      }
    }else{
      CLEARBIT(pV, (i+1));
      sqlite3BitvecClear(pBitvec, i+1, pTmpSpace);
    }
  }

  /* Test to make sure the linear array exactly matches the
  ** Bitvec object.  Start with the assumption that they do
  ** match (rc==0).  Change rc to non-zero if a discrepancy
  ** is found.
  */
  rc = sqlite3BitvecTest(0,0) + sqlite3BitvecTest(pBitvec, sz+1)
          + sqlite3BitvecTest(pBitvec, 0)
          + (sqlite3BitvecSize(pBitvec) - sz);
  for(i=1; i<=sz; i++){
    if(  (TESTBIT(pV,i))!=sqlite3BitvecTest(pBitvec,i) ){
      rc = i;
      break;
    }
  }

  /* Free allocated structure */
bitvec_end:
  sqlite3_free(pTmpSpace);
  sqlite3_free(pV);
  sqlite3BitvecDestroy(pBitvec);
  return rc;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST */

Changes to SQLite.Interop/splitsource/btmutex.c.

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**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
**
** $Id: btmutex.c,v 1.1 2008/08/06 21:48:06 rmsimpson Exp $
**
** This file contains code used to implement mutexes on Btree objects.
** This code really belongs in btree.c.  But btree.c is getting too
** big and we want to break it down some.  This packaged seemed like
** a good breakout.
*/
#include "btreeInt.h"
#if SQLITE_THREADSAFE && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE)































/*
** Enter a mutex on the given BTree object.
**
** If the object is not sharable, then no mutex is ever required
** and this routine is a no-op.  The underlying mutex is non-recursive.
** But we keep a reference count in Btree.wantToLock so the behavior
................................................................................
  /* Check for locking consistency */
  assert( !p->locked || p->wantToLock>0 );
  assert( p->sharable || p->wantToLock==0 );

  /* We should already hold a lock on the database connection */
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(p->db->mutex) );





  if( !p->sharable ) return;
  p->wantToLock++;
  if( p->locked ) return;

#ifndef SQLITE_MUTEX_NOOP
  /* In most cases, we should be able to acquire the lock we
  ** want without having to go throught the ascending lock
  ** procedure that follows.  Just be sure not to block.
  */
  if( sqlite3_mutex_try(p->pBt->mutex)==SQLITE_OK ){

    p->locked = 1;
    return;
  }

  /* To avoid deadlock, first release all locks with a larger
  ** BtShared address.  Then acquire our lock.  Then reacquire
  ** the other BtShared locks that we used to hold in ascending
................................................................................
  ** order.
  */
  for(pLater=p->pNext; pLater; pLater=pLater->pNext){
    assert( pLater->sharable );
    assert( pLater->pNext==0 || pLater->pNext->pBt>pLater->pBt );
    assert( !pLater->locked || pLater->wantToLock>0 );
    if( pLater->locked ){
      sqlite3_mutex_leave(pLater->pBt->mutex);
      pLater->locked = 0;
    }
  }
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(p->pBt->mutex);
  p->locked = 1;

  for(pLater=p->pNext; pLater; pLater=pLater->pNext){
    if( pLater->wantToLock ){
      sqlite3_mutex_enter(pLater->pBt->mutex);
      pLater->locked = 1;

    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_MUTEX_NOOP */
}

/*
** Exit the recursive mutex on a Btree.
*/
void sqlite3BtreeLeave(Btree *p){
  if( p->sharable ){
    assert( p->wantToLock>0 );
    p->wantToLock--;
    if( p->wantToLock==0 ){
      assert( p->locked );
      sqlite3_mutex_leave(p->pBt->mutex);
      p->locked = 0;
    }
  }
}

#ifndef NDEBUG
/*
** Return true if the BtShared mutex is held on the btree.  
**
** This routine makes no determination one why or another if the
** database connection mutex is held.
**
** This routine is used only from within assert() statements.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(Btree *p){
  return (p->sharable==0 ||

             (p->locked && p->wantToLock && sqlite3_mutex_held(p->pBt->mutex)));



}
#endif


#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_INCRBLOB
/*
** Enter and leave a mutex on a Btree given a cursor owned by that
................................................................................
*/
void sqlite3BtreeEnterAll(sqlite3 *db){
  int i;
  Btree *p, *pLater;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(db->mutex) );
  for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
    p = db->aDb[i].pBt;

    if( p && p->sharable ){
      p->wantToLock++;
      if( !p->locked ){
        assert( p->wantToLock==1 );
        while( p->pPrev ) p = p->pPrev;
        while( p->locked && p->pNext ) p = p->pNext;
        for(pLater = p->pNext; pLater; pLater=pLater->pNext){
          if( pLater->locked ){
            sqlite3_mutex_leave(pLater->pBt->mutex);
            pLater->locked = 0;

          }
        }
        while( p ){
          sqlite3_mutex_enter(p->pBt->mutex);
          p->locked++;
          p = p->pNext;
        }
      }
    }
  }
}
void sqlite3BtreeLeaveAll(sqlite3 *db){
................................................................................
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(db->mutex) );
  for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
    p = db->aDb[i].pBt;
    if( p && p->sharable ){
      assert( p->wantToLock>0 );
      p->wantToLock--;
      if( p->wantToLock==0 ){
        assert( p->locked );
        sqlite3_mutex_leave(p->pBt->mutex);
        p->locked = 0;
      }
    }
  }
}

#ifndef NDEBUG
/*
................................................................................
  {
    for(i=0; i<pArray->nMutex; i++){
      assert( pArray->aBtree[i]!=pBtree );
    }
  }
#endif
  assert( pArray->nMutex>=0 );
  assert( pArray->nMutex<sizeof(pArray->aBtree)/sizeof(pArray->aBtree[0])-1 );
  pBt = pBtree->pBt;
  for(i=0; i<pArray->nMutex; i++){
    assert( pArray->aBtree[i]!=pBtree );
    if( pArray->aBtree[i]->pBt>pBt ){
      for(j=pArray->nMutex; j>i; j--){
        pArray->aBtree[j] = pArray->aBtree[j-1];
      }
................................................................................
    /* Some basic sanity checking */
    assert( i==0 || pArray->aBtree[i-1]->pBt<p->pBt );
    assert( !p->locked || p->wantToLock>0 );

    /* We should already hold a lock on the database connection */
    assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(p->db->mutex) );

    p->wantToLock++;
    if( !p->locked && p->sharable ){
      sqlite3_mutex_enter(p->pBt->mutex);
      p->locked = 1;



    }
  }
}

/*
** Leave the mutex of every btree in the group.
*/
void sqlite3BtreeMutexArrayLeave(BtreeMutexArray *pArray){
  int i;
  for(i=0; i<pArray->nMutex; i++){
    Btree *p = pArray->aBtree[i];
    /* Some basic sanity checking */
    assert( i==0 || pArray->aBtree[i-1]->pBt<p->pBt );
    assert( p->locked || !p->sharable );
    assert( p->wantToLock>0 );

    /* We should already hold a lock on the database connection */
    assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(p->db->mutex) );

    p->wantToLock--;
    if( p->wantToLock==0 && p->locked ){
      sqlite3_mutex_leave(p->pBt->mutex);
      p->locked = 0;
    }
  }
}















#endif  /* SQLITE_THREADSAFE && !SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE */







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**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
**


** This file contains code used to implement mutexes on Btree objects.
** This code really belongs in btree.c.  But btree.c is getting too
** big and we want to break it down some.  This packaged seemed like
** a good breakout.
*/
#include "btreeInt.h"
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
#if SQLITE_THREADSAFE

/*
** Obtain the BtShared mutex associated with B-Tree handle p. Also,
** set BtShared.db to the database handle associated with p and the
** p->locked boolean to true.
*/
static void lockBtreeMutex(Btree *p){
  assert( p->locked==0 );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_notheld(p->pBt->mutex) );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(p->db->mutex) );

  sqlite3_mutex_enter(p->pBt->mutex);
  p->pBt->db = p->db;
  p->locked = 1;
}

/*
** Release the BtShared mutex associated with B-Tree handle p and
** clear the p->locked boolean.
*/
static void unlockBtreeMutex(Btree *p){
  assert( p->locked==1 );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(p->pBt->mutex) );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(p->db->mutex) );
  assert( p->db==p->pBt->db );

  sqlite3_mutex_leave(p->pBt->mutex);
  p->locked = 0;
}

/*
** Enter a mutex on the given BTree object.
**
** If the object is not sharable, then no mutex is ever required
** and this routine is a no-op.  The underlying mutex is non-recursive.
** But we keep a reference count in Btree.wantToLock so the behavior
................................................................................
  /* Check for locking consistency */
  assert( !p->locked || p->wantToLock>0 );
  assert( p->sharable || p->wantToLock==0 );

  /* We should already hold a lock on the database connection */
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(p->db->mutex) );

  /* Unless the database is sharable and unlocked, then BtShared.db
  ** should already be set correctly. */
  assert( (p->locked==0 && p->sharable) || p->pBt->db==p->db );

  if( !p->sharable ) return;
  p->wantToLock++;
  if( p->locked ) return;


  /* In most cases, we should be able to acquire the lock we
  ** want without having to go throught the ascending lock
  ** procedure that follows.  Just be sure not to block.
  */
  if( sqlite3_mutex_try(p->pBt->mutex)==SQLITE_OK ){
    p->pBt->db = p->db;
    p->locked = 1;
    return;
  }

  /* To avoid deadlock, first release all locks with a larger
  ** BtShared address.  Then acquire our lock.  Then reacquire
  ** the other BtShared locks that we used to hold in ascending
................................................................................
  ** order.
  */
  for(pLater=p->pNext; pLater; pLater=pLater->pNext){
    assert( pLater->sharable );
    assert( pLater->pNext==0 || pLater->pNext->pBt>pLater->pBt );
    assert( !pLater->locked || pLater->wantToLock>0 );
    if( pLater->locked ){
      unlockBtreeMutex(pLater);

    }
  }


  lockBtreeMutex(p);
  for(pLater=p->pNext; pLater; pLater=pLater->pNext){
    if( pLater->wantToLock ){


      lockBtreeMutex(pLater);
    }
  }

}

/*
** Exit the recursive mutex on a Btree.
*/
void sqlite3BtreeLeave(Btree *p){
  if( p->sharable ){
    assert( p->wantToLock>0 );
    p->wantToLock--;
    if( p->wantToLock==0 ){
      unlockBtreeMutex(p);


    }
  }
}

#ifndef NDEBUG
/*
** Return true if the BtShared mutex is held on the btree, or if the
** B-Tree is not marked as sharable.


**
** This routine is used only from within assert() statements.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(Btree *p){
  assert( p->sharable==0 || p->locked==0 || p->wantToLock>0 );
  assert( p->sharable==0 || p->locked==0 || p->db==p->pBt->db );
  assert( p->sharable==0 || p->locked==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(p->pBt->mutex) );
  assert( p->sharable==0 || p->locked==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(p->db->mutex) );

  return (p->sharable==0 || p->locked);
}
#endif


#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_INCRBLOB
/*
** Enter and leave a mutex on a Btree given a cursor owned by that
................................................................................
*/
void sqlite3BtreeEnterAll(sqlite3 *db){
  int i;
  Btree *p, *pLater;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(db->mutex) );
  for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
    p = db->aDb[i].pBt;
    assert( !p || (p->locked==0 && p->sharable) || p->pBt->db==p->db );
    if( p && p->sharable ){
      p->wantToLock++;
      if( !p->locked ){
        assert( p->wantToLock==1 );
        while( p->pPrev ) p = p->pPrev;
        /* Reason for ALWAYS:  There must be at least on unlocked Btree in
        ** the chain.  Otherwise the !p->locked test above would have failed */
        while( p->locked && ALWAYS(p->pNext) ) p = p->pNext;
        for(pLater = p->pNext; pLater; pLater=pLater->pNext){
          if( pLater->locked ){
            unlockBtreeMutex(pLater);
          }
        }
        while( p ){
          lockBtreeMutex(p);

          p = p->pNext;
        }
      }
    }
  }
}
void sqlite3BtreeLeaveAll(sqlite3 *db){
................................................................................
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(db->mutex) );
  for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
    p = db->aDb[i].pBt;
    if( p && p->sharable ){
      assert( p->wantToLock>0 );
      p->wantToLock--;
      if( p->wantToLock==0 ){
        unlockBtreeMutex(p);


      }
    }
  }
}

#ifndef NDEBUG
/*
................................................................................
  {
    for(i=0; i<pArray->nMutex; i++){
      assert( pArray->aBtree[i]!=pBtree );
    }
  }
#endif
  assert( pArray->nMutex>=0 );
  assert( pArray->nMutex<ArraySize(pArray->aBtree)-1 );
  pBt = pBtree->pBt;
  for(i=0; i<pArray->nMutex; i++){
    assert( pArray->aBtree[i]!=pBtree );
    if( pArray->aBtree[i]->pBt>pBt ){
      for(j=pArray->nMutex; j>i; j--){
        pArray->aBtree[j] = pArray->aBtree[j-1];
      }
................................................................................
    /* Some basic sanity checking */
    assert( i==0 || pArray->aBtree[i-1]->pBt<p->pBt );
    assert( !p->locked || p->wantToLock>0 );

    /* We should already hold a lock on the database connection */
    assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(p->db->mutex) );

    /* The Btree is sharable because only sharable Btrees are entered
    ** into the array in the first place. */
    assert( p->sharable );

    p->wantToLock++;
    if( !p->locked ){
      lockBtreeMutex(p);
    }
  }
}

/*
** Leave the mutex of every btree in the group.
*/
void sqlite3BtreeMutexArrayLeave(BtreeMutexArray *pArray){
  int i;
  for(i=0; i<pArray->nMutex; i++){
    Btree *p = pArray->aBtree[i];
    /* Some basic sanity checking */
    assert( i==0 || pArray->aBtree[i-1]->pBt<p->pBt );
    assert( p->locked );
    assert( p->wantToLock>0 );

    /* We should already hold a lock on the database connection */
    assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(p->db->mutex) );

    p->wantToLock--;
    if( p->wantToLock==0 ){
      unlockBtreeMutex(p);

    }
  }
}

#else
void sqlite3BtreeEnter(Btree *p){
  p->pBt->db = p->db;
}
void sqlite3BtreeEnterAll(sqlite3 *db){
  int i;
  for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
    Btree *p = db->aDb[i].pBt;
    if( p ){
      p->pBt->db = p->db;
    }
  }
}
#endif /* if SQLITE_THREADSAFE */
#endif /* ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE */

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1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
....
1945
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950
1951

1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970





1971
1972







1973
1974
1975
1976







1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001








2002
2003
2004
2005
2006


2007
2008
2009

2010
2011
2012














2013
2014
2015
2016








2017
2018
2019
2020
2021
2022
2023
2024
2025
2026
2027
2028
2029
2030
2031
2032
2033
2034
2035
2036
2037
2038
2039
2040
2041
2042
2043
2044
2045
2046
2047
2048
2049
2050
2051
2052
2053
2054
2055
2056
2057
2058
2059
2060
2061
2062
2063
2064
2065
2066
2067
2068
2069
2070
2071
2072
2073
2074
2075
2076
2077
2078
2079
2080
2081
2082
2083
2084
2085

2086
2087
2088
2089
2090
2091
2092
2093
2094
2095
2096
2097

2098
2099
2100
2101
2102
2103
2104
2105
2106
2107
2108
2109
2110
2111
2112
2113
2114
2115
2116
2117
2118
2119
2120
2121
2122
2123
....
2141
2142
2143
2144
2145
2146
2147





2148
2149
2150
2151
2152
2153
2154
2155
2156
2157
2158
2159
2160
2161
2162
....
2185
2186
2187
2188
2189
2190
2191
2192
2193
2194
2195
2196
2197
2198
2199
2200
2201
2202
2203
2204
2205
2206
2207
2208
2209
2210
2211
2212
2213
2214
2215
2216
2217
2218
2219
2220
2221
2222
2223
....
2227
2228
2229
2230
2231
2232
2233
2234
2235
2236
2237
2238



2239
2240
2241
2242

2243
2244
2245
2246
2247
2248
2249
2250
2251
2252
2253
2254
2255
2256
2257
2258
2259
2260
2261
2262
2263
....
2281
2282
2283
2284
2285
2286
2287
2288
2289
2290
2291
2292
2293
2294
2295
....
2315
2316
2317
2318
2319
2320
2321

2322
2323
2324
















2325
2326
2327
2328
2329
2330
2331
2332
2333
2334
2335
2336
2337
2338
2339
2340
2341
2342
2343
2344
2345
2346
2347
2348




2349
2350
2351
2352
2353
2354
2355
....
2356
2357
2358
2359
2360
2361
2362
2363
2364
2365
2366
2367
2368
2369
2370
2371
2372
2373


2374



2375
2376
2377
2378
2379
2380
2381
2382




2383
2384
2385
2386
2387
2388

2389
2390
2391
2392
2393
2394
2395
2396

2397
2398
2399

2400
2401
2402
2403
2404
2405
2406
2407
2408


2409
2410
2411
2412
2413
2414
2415
2416
2417
2418
2419
2420
2421
2422
2423
2424


2425
2426
2427
2428
2429
2430
2431
2432
2433
2434
2435
2436
2437
2438
2439
2440
2441
2442
2443
2444
....
2450
2451
2452
2453
2454
2455
2456
2457
2458
2459
2460
2461
2462
2463
2464
2465
2466
2467
2468
2469
2470
2471
2472
2473
2474
2475





































2476
2477
2478
2479
2480
2481
2482
2483
2484

2485
2486
2487
2488
2489
2490
2491

2492
2493
2494
2495
2496
2497
2498
2499
2500

2501
2502
2503
2504
2505
2506
2507
2508
2509
2510
2511
2512
2513
2514
2515
2516
2517
2518
2519
2520
2521
2522
2523
2524
2525
2526
2527
2528
2529
2530
2531
2532
2533
2534
2535
2536
2537
2538
....
2585
2586
2587
2588
2589
2590
2591

2592
2593
2594




2595
2596
2597
2598
2599
2600
2601
....
2607
2608
2609
2610
2611
2612
2613
2614
2615
2616
2617
2618
2619
2620
2621
2622
2623
2624
2625
2626
2627
2628
2629
2630
2631
2632
2633
2634
2635
2636
2637
2638
2639
2640
2641
2642
2643
2644
2645
2646
2647





2648
2649
2650
2651
2652
2653
2654
2655
2656
2657
2658
2659
2660
2661
2662
2663
2664
2665
2666
2667
2668
2669
2670
2671
2672
2673
2674
2675
2676
2677
2678
2679
2680
2681
2682
2683
2684







2685
2686
2687
2688
2689
2690
2691
2692
2693




2694
2695
2696
2697
2698
2699
2700
2701
2702

2703
2704
2705
2706
2707
2708
2709
2710
2711
2712
2713
2714
2715
2716
2717
2718
2719
2720
2721
2722
2723
2724




2725
2726
2727
2728





2729
2730

2731

2732


2733
2734
2735
2736





2737



2738
2739

2740
2741
2742
2743
2744
2745
2746


2747
2748
2749
2750
2751
2752
2753
....
2762
2763
2764
2765
2766
2767
2768



2769
2770
2771
2772
2773
2774
2775
2776
2777
2778
2779
2780
2781
2782
2783
2784
2785
2786
2787
2788
2789
2790
2791
2792
2793
2794
2795
2796
2797
2798
2799
2800
2801
2802
2803
2804
2805
2806
2807
2808
2809
2810
2811
2812
2813
2814
2815
2816
2817
2818
2819
2820
2821
2822
2823

2824
2825
2826
2827
2828
2829
2830
2831
2832
2833
2834
2835
2836
2837
2838
2839
2840
2841
2842
2843
2844









2845
2846
2847
2848










2849






























2850
2851
2852
2853
2854
2855
2856
2857

2858
2859
2860
2861
2862
2863
2864
2865
2866
2867
2868
2869

2870

2871
2872
2873
2874
2875
2876
2877
2878
2879
2880
2881
2882
2883
2884
2885
2886
2887
2888
2889
2890
2891
2892
2893
2894
2895
2896
2897
2898
2899
2900
2901
2902
2903
2904
2905
2906
2907
2908
2909
2910
2911
2912
2913
2914
2915
2916
2917
2918
2919
2920
2921

2922
2923

2924
2925
2926
2927
2928
2929
2930
2931
2932
2933

2934
2935
2936
2937
2938
2939
2940
2941
2942
2943

2944
2945
2946
2947
2948











2949
2950
2951
2952
2953
2954
2955
2956




2957
2958
2959
2960
2961
2962
2963
2964
2965
2966
2967
2968
2969
2970
2971
2972
2973
2974
2975
2976
2977
2978
2979
2980
2981
2982
2983
2984
2985
2986
2987
2988
2989
2990
2991
2992
2993
2994
2995
2996
2997
2998
2999
3000
3001
3002
3003
3004
3005
3006
3007
3008
3009
3010
3011
3012
3013
3014
3015


3016
3017
3018
3019
3020
3021
3022
3023

3024
3025
3026
3027
3028
3029
3030
3031
3032
3033
3034
3035
3036
3037
3038
3039
3040
3041
3042
....
3046
3047
3048
3049
3050
3051
3052
3053
3054
3055
3056
3057
3058
3059

3060
3061
3062
3063
3064
3065
3066
3067
3068
3069
3070
3071
3072
3073


3074
3075
3076
3077
3078
3079
3080
3081
3082
3083
3084
3085
3086
3087
3088
3089
....
3120
3121
3122
3123
3124
3125
3126
3127
3128
3129
3130
3131
3132
3133
3134
3135
3136
3137
....
3142
3143
3144
3145
3146
3147
3148
3149
3150
3151
3152
3153
3154
3155
3156
3157
3158
3159
3160
3161
3162
3163
3164
3165
3166
3167
3168
3169
3170
3171
3172
3173
3174
3175


3176
3177
3178
3179
3180
3181
3182
3183
3184
....
3187
3188
3189
3190
3191
3192
3193
3194
3195
3196
3197
3198
3199
3200
3201
3202
3203
....
3205
3206
3207
3208
3209
3210
3211


3212
3213
3214
3215
3216
3217
3218
3219
....
3278
3279
3280
3281
3282
3283
3284



3285
3286
3287
3288
3289
3290
3291
3292
3293
3294
3295
3296
3297
3298
3299
3300
3301
3302


3303
3304
3305
3306
3307
3308
3309
3310
3311
3312
....
3323
3324
3325
3326
3327
3328
3329
3330
3331
3332
3333
3334
3335
3336
3337
3338
3339
....
3342
3343
3344
3345
3346
3347
3348
3349
3350
3351
3352
3353
3354
3355
3356
....
3357
3358
3359
3360
3361
3362
3363
3364
3365
3366
3367
3368
3369
3370
3371



3372
3373
3374
3375
3376
3377
3378
3379
3380
3381
3382
3383
3384
3385
3386
3387
3388
3389
3390
3391
3392
3393
....
3401
3402
3403
3404
3405
3406
3407


3408
3409
3410
3411
3412
3413
3414


3415
3416
3417
3418
3419
3420
3421
3422
3423
3424
3425





3426
3427
3428

3429
3430
3431
3432
3433
3434
3435
3436
3437
3438
3439
3440
3441
3442
3443
3444
3445


3446
3447
3448
3449
3450

3451
3452
3453
3454
3455
3456
3457
3458
3459

3460
3461



3462
3463
3464
3465
3466
3467
3468
3469



3470
3471
3472
3473
3474
3475
3476
3477
3478
3479
3480
3481
3482
3483
3484
3485




3486
3487
3488
3489
3490
3491
3492
3493
3494

3495
3496
3497
3498
3499
3500
3501
3502


















3503
3504
3505
3506
3507
3508
3509
3510
3511
3512
3513
3514
3515

3516
3517
3518

3519
3520
3521

3522





3523
3524
3525
3526

3527
3528
3529
3530
3531
3532




















3533
3534
3535
3536

3537
3538
3539
3540
3541
3542
3543


3544
3545
3546
3547
3548
3549
3550
3551
3552
....
3556
3557
3558
3559
3560
3561
3562
3563
3564
3565
3566
3567
3568
3569
3570
3571
3572
....
3577
3578
3579
3580
3581
3582
3583
3584
3585
3586
3587
3588
3589
3590
3591
3592
3593
3594
3595
3596
3597
3598
3599
3600
3601
3602
3603
3604
3605
....
3606
3607
3608
3609
3610
3611
3612
3613
3614
3615
3616
3617
3618
3619
3620
3621
3622
3623
3624
....
3627
3628
3629
3630
3631
3632
3633
















3634
3635
3636
3637
3638
3639
3640
3641
3642
3643
3644
3645
3646
3647
3648
3649
3650
3651
3652
3653
3654
3655
3656
3657
3658
3659
3660
3661
3662

3663
3664

3665
3666
3667
3668
3669
3670
3671
3672
3673
3674
3675
3676
3677
3678
3679
3680
3681
3682
3683
3684
3685
3686
3687
3688
3689
3690


3691
3692
3693
3694


3695
3696
3697
3698
3699
3700
3701
3702
3703
3704
3705
3706
3707
3708
3709
3710
3711

3712
3713
3714

3715
3716
3717
3718
3719
3720
3721
3722
3723
3724
3725
3726
3727
3728
3729
3730
3731
3732
3733
3734
3735
3736
3737
3738
3739










3740
3741
3742
3743
3744
3745
3746
3747

3748
3749

3750
3751
3752
3753



3754
3755

3756
3757
3758
3759
3760
3761
3762
3763
3764
3765
3766
3767
3768
3769
3770
3771


3772
3773
3774
3775
3776











3777






3778








3779
3780
3781
3782
3783
3784
3785
3786
3787



3788
3789
3790
3791
3792
3793
3794
3795
3796
3797
3798
3799
3800
3801
3802
3803
3804
3805
3806
3807
3808
3809
3810
3811

3812
3813
3814
3815
3816
3817
3818
3819
3820
3821
3822
3823
3824
3825
3826
3827
3828
3829
3830
3831
3832
3833
3834
3835
3836
3837
3838
3839
3840
3841
3842
3843
3844
3845
3846
....
3852
3853
3854
3855
3856
3857
3858
3859
3860
3861
3862
3863
3864
3865
3866
3867
3868
3869
3870
3871
3872
3873
3874

3875
3876
3877
3878
3879
3880
3881
3882
3883
3884
3885
3886
3887
3888
3889
3890
3891
3892
3893
3894


3895
3896
3897
3898
3899
3900
3901
3902
3903
3904
3905
3906
3907
3908
3909
3910
3911
3912
3913
3914
3915
3916
3917
3918
3919
3920
3921
3922
3923
3924
....
3936
3937
3938
3939
3940
3941
3942
3943
3944
3945
3946
3947
3948
3949
3950
3951
3952
3953
3954
3955
3956
3957
3958
3959
3960
3961
3962
3963
3964
3965
3966
3967

3968
3969
3970
3971
3972
3973
3974
3975
3976
3977
3978
3979
3980
3981
3982
3983
3984
3985



3986
3987
3988
3989
3990
3991
3992
....
4019
4020
4021
4022
4023
4024
4025
4026
4027
4028
4029

4030
4031
4032

4033




4034
4035
4036
4037
4038
4039
4040
4041
4042
4043
4044
4045
4046
4047
4048
4049
4050
4051
....
4068
4069
4070
4071
4072
4073
4074




4075

4076
4077
4078
4079
4080
4081
4082
....
4089
4090
4091
4092
4093
4094
4095
4096
4097
4098
4099
4100
4101
4102
4103
....
4109
4110
4111
4112
4113
4114
4115




4116
4117
4118
4119
4120
4121
4122
4123
4124





4125
4126
4127
4128
4129
4130
4131
4132
4133
4134
4135
4136
4137
4138

4139
4140
4141
4142
4143
4144
4145
4146
4147
4148
4149
4150
4151
4152
4153
4154
4155
4156
4157
4158
4159
4160

4161
4162
4163
4164
4165
4166
4167
4168
....
4171
4172
4173
4174
4175
4176
4177
4178
4179
4180
4181
4182
4183
4184
4185
4186




4187
4188
4189
4190
4191
4192
4193


4194
4195
4196
4197
4198
4199
4200
4201
4202
4203
....
4204
4205
4206
4207
4208
4209
4210
4211
4212


4213
4214
4215
4216
4217
4218
4219
4220
4221
4222
4223
4224
4225
4226
4227
4228
4229

4230
4231
4232
4233



4234

4235
4236

4237
4238


4239
4240
4241
4242
4243
4244
4245
4246
4247
4248
4249
4250
4251
4252
4253
4254
4255
4256
4257
4258
4259
4260
4261
4262
4263
4264
4265
4266
4267
4268
4269
4270
4271
4272
4273
4274
4275
4276
4277
4278
4279
4280
4281
4282
4283
4284
4285
4286
4287
4288
4289
4290
4291
4292
4293
4294
4295
4296
4297
4298
4299
4300
4301
4302
4303
4304
4305
4306
4307
4308
4309
4310
4311
4312
4313
4314


































4315
4316
4317
4318
4319
4320
4321
4322
4323
4324
4325
4326
4327
4328
4329
4330
4331
4332
4333
4334
4335
4336
4337
4338
4339
4340
4341
4342
4343

4344
4345
4346


4347

4348
4349
4350

























4351





4352
4353
4354
4355
4356
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4358
4359
4360
4361
4362
4363
4364
4365
4366
4367
4368
4369
4370

4371
4372
4373
4374

4375
4376




4377
4378
4379

4380
4381

















4382



4383

4384

4385
4386
4387
4388
4389
4390
4391
....
4417
4418
4419
4420
4421
4422
4423





4424
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4432
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4436
4437
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4439
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4446



4447
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4460
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4495










4496
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4505










4506
4507
4508
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4510
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4512
....
4520
4521
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4620
4621
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4623
4624
4625
4626
4627
4628
4629
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4631
4632
4633
4634
4635




4636
4637
4638
4639
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4641
4642
4643


4644




4645




4646
4647
4648
4649
4650
4651
4652
4653
4654
4655
4656
4657
4658
4659
4660
....
4666
4667
4668
4669
4670
4671
4672
4673
4674
4675
4676
4677
4678
4679

4680
4681
4682
4683
4684
4685
4686
4687
4688
4689
4690




4691
4692


4693






4694
4695
4696
4697
4698



4699
4700
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4702
4703
4704
4705
4706

4707
4708
4709
4710
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4720
4721



4722
4723

4724
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4727
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4751
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4755
4756
4757
4758
4759
4760
4761
4762
4763
4764
4765
4766
4767
4768
4769
4770
4771
4772
4773
4774
4775
4776
4777

4778


4779
4780
4781
4782
4783
4784
4785
4786
4787
4788
4789
4790
4791
4792
4793
4794
4795



4796
4797
4798
4799
4800
4801
4802
4803
....
4807
4808
4809
4810
4811
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4814
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4816
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4822
4823
4824
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4830
4831
4832
4833






4834
4835
4836
4837
4838
4839
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4844
4845
4846
4847


4848



4849
4850


4851
4852

4853
4854
4855

4856
4857




4858
4859
4860
4861
4862
4863
4864













4865
4866
4867
4868






4869
4870
4871
4872
4873
4874







4875
4876
4877
4878


























4879







4880





4881
4882
4883
4884
4885
4886
4887
4888




4889
4890
4891
4892
































4893
4894
4895

4896
4897







4898

















4899
4900

4901
4902
4903
4904
4905
4906


4907
4908
4909


4910
4911
4912


4913
4914

4915
4916
4917

4918
4919

4920
4921
4922
4923
4924
4925
4926
4927
4928
4929
4930
4931
4932

4933
4934

4935
4936


4937
4938
4939
4940












4941
4942
4943





4944
4945
4946
4947
4948
4949
4950
4951
4952
4953
4954
4955
4956
4957
4958
4959
4960
4961
4962
4963
4964
4965
4966

4967
4968
4969
4970
4971
4972
4973
4974
4975
4976
4977
4978
4979
4980
4981
4982
4983
4984
4985
4986
4987
4988
4989
4990
4991
4992
4993
4994
4995
4996
4997
4998
4999
5000
5001
5002
5003
5004
5005
5006
5007
5008
5009
5010
5011
5012
5013
5014
5015
5016
5017
5018
5019
5020
5021
5022
5023
5024
5025
5026
5027
5028
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5030
5031
5032
5033
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5037
5038
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5075
5076
5077
5078
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5080
5081
5082
5083
5084
5085
5086
5087
5088
5089
5090

5091
5092
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5094
5095
5096

5097
5098
5099
5100
5101
5102
5103
5104
5105
5106
5107
5108
5109
5110
5111
5112
5113
5114
5115
5116
5117
5118
5119
5120
5121
5122
5123
5124
5125
5126
5127
5128
5129
5130
5131
5132
5133
5134
5135
5136
5137
5138
5139
5140
5141
5142
5143
5144
5145
5146
5147
5148
5149
5150
5151
5152






5153




5154
5155
5156
5157
5158
5159
5160
5161
5162
5163
5164
5165
5166
5167
5168
5169
5170
5171
5172
5173
5174
5175
5176
5177
5178
5179
5180

5181
5182
5183
5184
5185
5186
5187
5188
5189
5190
5191
5192
5193

5194
5195
5196
5197

5198
5199
5200
5201
5202
5203
5204
5205
5206
5207
5208
5209
5210
5211
5212
5213
5214
5215
5216
....
5232
5233
5234
5235
5236
5237
5238

5239
5240
5241
5242
5243
5244
5245
....
5269
5270
5271
5272
5273
5274
5275
5276
5277
5278
5279
5280
5281






5282
5283
5284
5285



5286
5287
5288
5289
5290
5291
5292
5293
5294
5295
5296
5297
5298
5299
5300
5301








5302
5303
5304
5305
5306
5307
5308
5309
5310
5311
5312
5313
5314
5315
....
5323
5324
5325
5326
5327
5328
5329
5330
5331
5332
5333
5334
5335
5336
5337
5338
5339
5340
5341
5342
5343
5344
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5346
5347
5348
5349
5350
5351
5352
5353
5354
5355
5356
5357
5358
5359
5360
5361
5362
5363
5364
5365
5366
5367
5368
5369
5370
5371
5372
5373
5374
5375
5376
5377
5378
5379
5380
5381
5382
5383
5384
5385
5386
5387
5388
5389
5390
5391
5392
5393
5394
5395
5396
5397
5398

5399
5400
5401
5402
5403
5404
5405
5406
5407
5408
5409
5410
5411
5412
5413
5414
5415
5416
5417
5418
5419
5420
5421
5422
5423
5424
5425
5426
5427
5428
5429
5430
5431
5432
5433
5434
5435
5436
5437
5438
5439
5440
5441
5442
5443
5444
5445
5446
5447
5448
5449
5450
5451
5452
5453
5454
5455
5456
5457
5458
5459
5460
5461
5462
5463
5464
5465
5466
5467
5468
5469
5470
5471
5472
5473
5474
5475
5476
5477
5478
5479
5480
5481
5482























5483
5484
5485
5486

















































5487

5488
5489
5490
5491
5492
5493
5494
5495
5496







5497
5498
5499
5500
5501


























5502
5503
5504


5505
5506
5507
5508
5509
5510
5511
5512
5513











5514
5515
5516
5517


5518
5519
5520
5521
5522
5523
5524
5525
5526
5527
5528
5529
5530
5531
5532
5533

5534
5535
5536

5537


5538
5539
5540


5541
5542
5543
5544
5545
5546
5547
5548
5549
5550
5551
5552
5553
5554
5555
5556
5557
5558
5559
5560
5561
5562
5563
5564
5565
5566
5567
5568
5569
5570
5571
5572
5573




5574
5575
5576
5577
5578
5579
5580
5581
5582
5583
5584
5585
5586
5587
5588
5589
5590
5591





5592
5593
5594
5595
5596
5597
5598
5599
5600
5601
5602


5603
5604
5605
5606
5607
5608





5609
5610
5611
5612
5613
5614
5615


5616
5617
5618
5619
5620
5621

5622
5623
5624


5625
5626
5627
5628
5629
5630



5631

5632
5633
5634
5635
5636
5637
5638
5639
5640
5641
5642
5643
5644
5645
5646
5647
5648
5649
5650
5651
5652
5653
5654
5655
5656
5657
5658
5659
5660
5661
5662
5663
5664
5665
5666
5667
5668
5669
5670
5671


5672
5673
5674
5675

5676
5677
5678
5679
5680
5681
5682
5683
5684
5685
5686
5687
5688
5689
5690
5691
5692
5693
5694
5695
5696

5697
5698
5699
5700
5701


5702





5703
5704
5705
5706
5707
5708
5709





5710
5711
5712
5713



5714
5715

5716
5717






5718





5719


5720
5721





5722
5723
5724
5725
5726
5727
5728
5729

5730














5731
5732
5733
5734




5735
5736
5737
5738
5739










5740
5741
5742
5743
5744
5745
5746
5747
5748
5749
5750
5751
5752
5753
5754










5755
5756
5757
5758
5759
5760
5761
5762
5763
5764
5765
5766
5767
5768
5769
5770
5771
5772
5773
5774








5775
5776
5777
5778
5779
5780
5781
5782
5783
5784
5785
5786
5787




5788
5789












5790
5791
5792

5793
5794
5795
5796
5797
5798
5799
5800













5801
5802
5803
5804
5805
5806
5807

5808
5809

5810
5811
5812
5813
5814
5815
5816
5817
5818
5819
5820
5821
5822
5823


5824
5825
5826
5827

5828
5829



5830
5831
5832





5833
5834
5835
5836
5837










5838
5839
5840
5841



5842

5843
5844
5845
5846

5847
5848
5849
5850
5851
5852
5853
5854
5855
5856
5857

5858
5859
5860
5861
5862
5863
5864
5865
5866
5867
5868
5869
5870

5871
5872
5873
5874
5875
5876
5877
5878
5879
5880
5881


5882
5883




















5884
5885
5886









5887
5888
5889
5890
5891
5892
5893
5894
5895
5896
5897
5898
5899
5900
5901
5902
5903
5904
5905
5906
5907
5908
5909
5910
5911
5912
5913
5914
5915
5916
5917
5918
5919
5920
5921
5922
5923
5924
5925
5926
5927
5928
5929
5930
5931
5932
5933
5934
5935
5936
5937
5938
5939
5940
5941
5942
5943
5944
5945
5946
5947
5948
5949
5950
5951
5952
5953
5954
5955
5956
5957
5958
5959
5960
5961
5962
5963
5964
5965
5966
5967
5968
5969
5970
5971
5972
5973
5974
5975
5976
5977
5978
5979
5980
5981
5982
5983
5984
5985
5986
5987
5988
5989
5990
5991
5992
5993
5994
5995
5996
5997
5998
5999

6000
6001
6002
6003
6004
6005
6006
....
6010
6011
6012
6013
6014
6015
6016
6017
6018
6019
6020
6021

6022
6023
6024
6025
6026
6027
6028
6029
6030
6031
6032
6033
6034
6035
....
6045
6046
6047
6048
6049
6050
6051
6052
6053
6054
6055
6056
6057
6058
6059
6060
6061
6062
....
6076
6077
6078
6079
6080
6081
6082
6083
6084
6085
6086
6087
6088
6089
6090
6091
6092
6093
6094



6095
6096
6097
6098
6099
6100
6101
6102
6103
6104
6105
6106
6107
6108
6109
6110
6111
6112
6113
6114
6115
6116
6117
6118
6119
6120
6121
6122
6123
6124
6125
6126
6127
6128
6129
6130






6131
6132

6133
6134
6135
6136
6137
6138
6139
6140
6141
6142





6143
6144

6145
6146
6147
6148
6149
6150
6151
6152
6153
6154
6155
6156
6157
6158
6159
6160
6161
6162
6163
6164
6165

6166
6167
6168
6169
6170
6171
6172
6173
6174
6175
6176
6177
6178
6179
6180
6181
6182
6183
6184
6185
6186
6187
6188
6189
6190



6191
6192
6193
6194
6195
6196
6197
6198
6199
6200
....
6204
6205
6206
6207
6208
6209
6210




6211
6212
6213
6214
6215
6216
6217
6218
6219
6220
6221
6222
6223
6224

6225
6226
6227
6228
6229
6230
6231
....
6243
6244
6245
6246
6247
6248
6249
6250
6251
6252
6253
6254
6255
6256
6257
6258
6259
6260
6261
6262
6263
6264


6265
6266

6267
6268
6269
6270
6271
6272
6273
6274
6275
6276
6277
6278
6279
6280
6281
6282
6283
6284
6285
6286
6287
6288
6289
6290
6291
6292
6293
6294
6295
6296
6297
6298
6299
6300
6301
6302
6303
6304
6305
6306
6307
6308
6309
6310
6311
6312
6313
6314
6315
6316
6317

6318
6319
6320
6321
6322
6323
6324
6325
6326
6327
6328
6329
6330
6331
6332
6333
6334
6335
6336
6337
6338
6339
6340
6341
6342
6343
6344
6345
6346
6347
6348
6349
6350
6351



6352
6353
6354
6355
6356
6357
6358
6359
6360
6361
6362
6363
6364
6365
6366
6367



6368
6369
6370
6371
6372
6373
6374
6375
6376
6377
6378
6379
6380
6381
6382
6383
6384
6385

6386
6387
6388
6389
6390
6391
6392
6393
6394
6395
6396
6397
6398
6399
6400
6401
6402
6403
6404
6405
6406
6407
6408
6409

6410
6411
6412
6413
6414
6415
6416
6417
6418
6419
6420
6421
6422
6423
6424
6425
6426
6427
6428
6429
6430
6431
6432
6433
6434
6435
6436
6437
6438
6439
6440
6441
6442
6443
6444
6445
6446
6447
6448
6449
6450
6451

6452
6453
6454





6455
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** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** $Id: btree.c,v 1.1 2008/08/06 21:48:06 rmsimpson Exp $
**
** This file implements a external (disk-based) database using BTrees.
** See the header comment on "btreeInt.h" for additional information.
** Including a description of file format and an overview of operation.
*/
#include "btreeInt.h"

/*
................................................................................
static const char zMagicHeader[] = SQLITE_FILE_HEADER;

/*
** Set this global variable to 1 to enable tracing using the TRACE
** macro.
*/
#if 0
int sqlite3BtreeTrace=0;  /* True to enable tracing */
# define TRACE(X)  if(sqlite3BtreeTrace){printf X;fflush(stdout);}
#else
# define TRACE(X)
#endif













#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
/*
** A flag to indicate whether or not shared cache is enabled.  Also,
** a list of BtShared objects that are eligible for participation
** in shared cache.  The variables have file scope during normal builds,
** but the test harness needs to access these variables so we make them
** global for test builds.


*/
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
BtShared *sqlite3SharedCacheList = 0;
int sqlite3SharedCacheEnabled = 0;
#else
static BtShared *sqlite3SharedCacheList = 0;
static int sqlite3SharedCacheEnabled = 0;
#endif
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
/*
** Enable or disable the shared pager and schema features.
**
** This routine has no effect on existing database connections.
** The shared cache setting effects only future calls to
** sqlite3_open(), sqlite3_open16(), or sqlite3_open_v2().
*/
int sqlite3_enable_shared_cache(int enable){
  sqlite3SharedCacheEnabled = enable;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
#endif


/*
** Forward declaration
*/
static int checkReadLocks(Btree*, Pgno, BtCursor*, i64);


#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
  /*
  ** The functions queryTableLock(), lockTable() and unlockAllTables()

  ** manipulate entries in the BtShared.pLock linked list used to store
  ** shared-cache table level locks. If the library is compiled with the
  ** shared-cache feature disabled, then there is only ever one user
  ** of each BtShared structure and so this locking is not necessary. 
  ** So define the lock related functions as no-ops.
  */
  #define queryTableLock(a,b,c) SQLITE_OK
  #define lockTable(a,b,c) SQLITE_OK
  #define unlockAllTables(a)



#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE


/*





















































































































** Query to see if btree handle p may obtain a lock of type eLock 
** (READ_LOCK or WRITE_LOCK) on the table with root-page iTab. Return
** SQLITE_OK if the lock may be obtained (by calling lockTable()), or
** SQLITE_LOCKED if not.
*/
static int queryTableLock(Btree *p, Pgno iTab, u8 eLock){
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
  BtLock *pIter;

  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(p) );
  assert( eLock==READ_LOCK || eLock==WRITE_LOCK );
  assert( p->db!=0 );

  







  /* This is a no-op if the shared-cache is not enabled */
  if( !p->sharable ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  /* If some other connection is holding an exclusive lock, the
  ** requested lock may not be obtained.
  */
  if( pBt->pExclusive && pBt->pExclusive!=p ){


    return SQLITE_LOCKED;
  }

  /* This (along with lockTable()) is where the ReadUncommitted flag is
  ** dealt with. If the caller is querying for a read-lock and the flag is
  ** set, it is unconditionally granted - even if there are write-locks
  ** on the table. If a write-lock is requested, the ReadUncommitted flag
  ** is not considered.



  **
  ** In function lockTable(), if a read-lock is demanded and the 
  ** ReadUncommitted flag is set, no entry is added to the locks list 
  ** (BtShared.pLock).

  **
  ** To summarize: If the ReadUncommitted flag is set, then read cursors do
  ** not create or respect table locks. The locking procedure for a 
  ** write-cursor does not change.



  */
  if( 
    0==(p->db->flags&SQLITE_ReadUncommitted) || 
    eLock==WRITE_LOCK ||
    iTab==MASTER_ROOT
  ){
    for(pIter=pBt->pLock; pIter; pIter=pIter->pNext){

      if( pIter->pBtree!=p && pIter->iTable==iTab && 
          (pIter->eLock!=eLock || eLock!=READ_LOCK) ){

        return SQLITE_LOCKED;


      }

    }
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
#endif /* !SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
/*
** Add a lock on the table with root-page iTable to the shared-btree used
** by Btree handle p. Parameter eLock must be either READ_LOCK or 
** WRITE_LOCK.
**









** SQLITE_OK is returned if the lock is added successfully. SQLITE_BUSY and
** SQLITE_NOMEM may also be returned.

*/
static int lockTable(Btree *p, Pgno iTable, u8 eLock){
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
  BtLock *pLock = 0;
  BtLock *pIter;

  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(p) );
  assert( eLock==READ_LOCK || eLock==WRITE_LOCK );
  assert( p->db!=0 );

  /* This is a no-op if the shared-cache is not enabled */
  if( !p->sharable ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  assert( SQLITE_OK==queryTableLock(p, iTable, eLock) );

  /* If the read-uncommitted flag is set and a read-lock is requested,
  ** return early without adding an entry to the BtShared.pLock list. See
  ** comment in function queryTableLock() for more info on handling 
  ** the ReadUncommitted flag.
  */
  if( 
    (p->db->flags&SQLITE_ReadUncommitted) && 
    (eLock==READ_LOCK) &&
    iTable!=MASTER_ROOT
  ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  /* First search the list for an existing lock on this table. */
  for(pIter=pBt->pLock; pIter; pIter=pIter->pNext){
    if( pIter->iTable==iTable && pIter->pBtree==p ){
      pLock = pIter;
      break;
    }
................................................................................

  return SQLITE_OK;
}
#endif /* !SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
/*
** Release all the table locks (locks obtained via calls to the lockTable()
** procedure) held by Btree handle p.




*/
static void unlockAllTables(Btree *p){

  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
  BtLock **ppIter = &pBt->pLock;

  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(p) );
  assert( p->sharable || 0==*ppIter );


  while( *ppIter ){
    BtLock *pLock = *ppIter;
    assert( pBt->pExclusive==0 || pBt->pExclusive==pLock->pBtree );

    if( pLock->pBtree==p ){
      *ppIter = pLock->pNext;


      sqlite3_free(pLock);

    }else{
      ppIter = &pLock->pNext;
    }
  }


  if( pBt->pExclusive==p ){

    pBt->pExclusive = 0;












  }
}


















#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE */

static void releasePage(MemPage *pPage);  /* Forward reference */

/*


** Verify that the cursor holds a mutex on the BtShared
*/
#ifndef NDEBUG

static int cursorHoldsMutex(BtCursor *p){
  return sqlite3_mutex_held(p->pBt->mutex);
}
#endif


#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_INCRBLOB
................................................................................
static void invalidateAllOverflowCache(BtShared *pBt){
  BtCursor *p;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  for(p=pBt->pCursor; p; p=p->pNext){
    invalidateOverflowCache(p);
  }
}





























#else

  #define invalidateOverflowCache(x)
  #define invalidateAllOverflowCache(x)
#endif



/*







































































** Save the current cursor position in the variables BtCursor.nKey 
** and BtCursor.pKey. The cursor's state is set to CURSOR_REQUIRESEEK.



*/
static int saveCursorPosition(BtCursor *pCur){
  int rc;

  assert( CURSOR_VALID==pCur->eState );
  assert( 0==pCur->pKey );
  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );

  rc = sqlite3BtreeKeySize(pCur, &pCur->nKey);


  /* If this is an intKey table, then the above call to BtreeKeySize()
  ** stores the integer key in pCur->nKey. In this case this value is
  ** all that is required. Otherwise, if pCur is not open on an intKey
  ** table, then malloc space for and store the pCur->nKey bytes of key 
  ** data.
  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && 0==pCur->pPage->intKey){
    void *pKey = sqlite3Malloc(pCur->nKey);
    if( pKey ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreeKey(pCur, 0, pCur->nKey, pKey);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        pCur->pKey = pKey;
      }else{
        sqlite3_free(pKey);
      }
    }else{
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
  }
  assert( !pCur->pPage->intKey || !pCur->pKey );

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){


    releasePage(pCur->pPage);


    pCur->pPage = 0;
    pCur->eState = CURSOR_REQUIRESEEK;
  }

  invalidateOverflowCache(pCur);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Save the positions of all cursors except pExcept open on the table 
** with root-page iRoot. Usually, this is called just before cursor
** pExcept is used to modify the table (BtreeDelete() or BtreeInsert()).
*/
static int saveAllCursors(BtShared *pBt, Pgno iRoot, BtCursor *pExcept){
  BtCursor *p;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  assert( pExcept==0 || pExcept->pBt==pBt );
  for(p=pBt->pCursor; p; p=p->pNext){
................................................................................
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Clear the current cursor position.
*/
static void clearCursorPosition(BtCursor *pCur){
  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  sqlite3_free(pCur->pKey);
  pCur->pKey = 0;
  pCur->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;
}
































/*
** Restore the cursor to the position it was in (or as close to as possible)
** when saveCursorPosition() was called. Note that this call deletes the 
** saved position info stored by saveCursorPosition(), so there can be
** at most one effective restoreCursorPosition() call after each 
** saveCursorPosition().
*/
int sqlite3BtreeRestoreCursorPosition(BtCursor *pCur){
  int rc;
  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( pCur->eState>=CURSOR_REQUIRESEEK );
  if( pCur->eState==CURSOR_FAULT ){
    return pCur->skip;
  }
  pCur->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;
  rc = sqlite3BtreeMoveto(pCur, pCur->pKey, 0, pCur->nKey, 0, &pCur->skip);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3_free(pCur->pKey);
    pCur->pKey = 0;
    assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID || pCur->eState==CURSOR_INVALID );
  }
  return rc;
}

#define restoreCursorPosition(p) \
  (p->eState>=CURSOR_REQUIRESEEK ? \
         sqlite3BtreeRestoreCursorPosition(p) : \
         SQLITE_OK)

/*
** Determine whether or not a cursor has moved from the position it
** was last placed at.  Cursor can move when the row they are pointing
** at is deleted out from under them.
**
** This routine returns an error code if something goes wrong.  The
** integer *pHasMoved is set to one if the cursor has moved and 0 if not.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeCursorHasMoved(BtCursor *pCur, int *pHasMoved){
  int rc;

  rc = restoreCursorPosition(pCur);
  if( rc ){
    *pHasMoved = 1;
    return rc;
  }
  if( pCur->eState!=CURSOR_VALID || pCur->skip!=0 ){
    *pHasMoved = 1;
  }else{
    *pHasMoved = 0;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
/*
** Given a page number of a regular database page, return the page
** number for the pointer-map page that contains the entry for the
** input page number.




*/
static Pgno ptrmapPageno(BtShared *pBt, Pgno pgno){
  int nPagesPerMapPage, iPtrMap, ret;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );

  nPagesPerMapPage = (pBt->usableSize/5)+1;
  iPtrMap = (pgno-2)/nPagesPerMapPage;
  ret = (iPtrMap*nPagesPerMapPage) + 2; 
  if( ret==PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) ){
    ret++;
  }
  return ret;
................................................................................
}

/*
** Write an entry into the pointer map.
**
** This routine updates the pointer map entry for page number 'key'
** so that it maps to type 'eType' and parent page number 'pgno'.
** An error code is returned if something goes wrong, otherwise SQLITE_OK.



*/
static int ptrmapPut(BtShared *pBt, Pgno key, u8 eType, Pgno parent){
  DbPage *pDbPage;  /* The pointer map page */
  u8 *pPtrmap;      /* The pointer map data */
  Pgno iPtrmap;     /* The pointer map page number */
  int offset;       /* Offset in pointer map page */
  int rc;



  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  /* The master-journal page number must never be used as a pointer map page */
  assert( 0==PTRMAP_ISPAGE(pBt, PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt)) );

  assert( pBt->autoVacuum );
  if( key==0 ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;

  }
  iPtrmap = PTRMAP_PAGENO(pBt, key);
  rc = sqlite3PagerGet(pBt->pPager, iPtrmap, &pDbPage);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){

    return rc;
  }
  offset = PTRMAP_PTROFFSET(iPtrmap, key);




  pPtrmap = (u8 *)sqlite3PagerGetData(pDbPage);

  if( eType!=pPtrmap[offset] || get4byte(&pPtrmap[offset+1])!=parent ){
    TRACE(("PTRMAP_UPDATE: %d->(%d,%d)\n", key, eType, parent));
    rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pDbPage);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      pPtrmap[offset] = eType;
      put4byte(&pPtrmap[offset+1], parent);
    }
  }


  sqlite3PagerUnref(pDbPage);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Read an entry from the pointer map.
**
** This routine retrieves the pointer map entry for page 'key', writing
** the type and parent page number to *pEType and *pPgno respectively.
................................................................................

  sqlite3PagerUnref(pDbPage);
  if( *pEType<1 || *pEType>5 ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

#else /* if defined SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM */
  #define ptrmapPut(w,x,y,z) SQLITE_OK
  #define ptrmapGet(w,x,y,z) SQLITE_OK
  #define ptrmapPutOvfl(y,z) SQLITE_OK
#endif

/*
** Given a btree page and a cell index (0 means the first cell on
** the page, 1 means the second cell, and so forth) return a pointer
** to the cell content.
**
................................................................................
** This routine works only for pages that do not contain overflow cells.
*/
#define findCell(P,I) \
  ((P)->aData + ((P)->maskPage & get2byte(&(P)->aData[(P)->cellOffset+2*(I)])))

/*
** This a more complex version of findCell() that works for
** pages that do contain overflow cells.  See insert
*/
static u8 *findOverflowCell(MemPage *pPage, int iCell){
  int i;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  for(i=pPage->nOverflow-1; i>=0; i--){
    int k;
    struct _OvflCell *pOvfl;
................................................................................
    }
  }
  return findCell(pPage, iCell);
}

/*
** Parse a cell content block and fill in the CellInfo structure.  There
** are two versions of this function.  sqlite3BtreeParseCell() takes a 
** cell index as the second argument and sqlite3BtreeParseCellPtr() 
** takes a pointer to the body of the cell as its second argument.
**
** Within this file, the parseCell() macro can be called instead of
** sqlite3BtreeParseCellPtr(). Using some compilers, this will be faster.
*/
void sqlite3BtreeParseCellPtr(
  MemPage *pPage,         /* Page containing the cell */
  u8 *pCell,              /* Pointer to the cell text. */
  CellInfo *pInfo         /* Fill in this structure */
){
  int n;                  /* Number bytes in cell content header */
  u32 nPayload;           /* Number of bytes of cell payload */

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );

  pInfo->pCell = pCell;
  assert( pPage->leaf==0 || pPage->leaf==1 );
  n = pPage->childPtrSize;
................................................................................
  }else{
    pInfo->nData = 0;
    n += getVarint32(&pCell[n], nPayload);
    pInfo->nKey = nPayload;
  }
  pInfo->nPayload = nPayload;
  pInfo->nHeader = n;


  if( likely(nPayload<=pPage->maxLocal) ){
    /* This is the (easy) common case where the entire payload fits
    ** on the local page.  No overflow is required.
    */
    int nSize;          /* Total size of cell content in bytes */
    nSize = nPayload + n;
    pInfo->nLocal = nPayload;
    pInfo->iOverflow = 0;
    if( (nSize & ~3)==0 ){
      nSize = 4;        /* Minimum cell size is 4 */
    }
    pInfo->nSize = nSize;
  }else{
    /* If the payload will not fit completely on the local page, we have
    ** to decide how much to store locally and how much to spill onto
    ** overflow pages.  The strategy is to minimize the amount of unused
    ** space on overflow pages while keeping the amount of local storage
    ** in between minLocal and maxLocal.
    **
................................................................................
    int minLocal;  /* Minimum amount of payload held locally */
    int maxLocal;  /* Maximum amount of payload held locally */
    int surplus;   /* Overflow payload available for local storage */

    minLocal = pPage->minLocal;
    maxLocal = pPage->maxLocal;
    surplus = minLocal + (nPayload - minLocal)%(pPage->pBt->usableSize - 4);


    if( surplus <= maxLocal ){
      pInfo->nLocal = surplus;
    }else{
      pInfo->nLocal = minLocal;
    }
    pInfo->iOverflow = pInfo->nLocal + n;
    pInfo->nSize = pInfo->iOverflow + 4;
  }
}
#define parseCell(pPage, iCell, pInfo) \
  sqlite3BtreeParseCellPtr((pPage), findCell((pPage), (iCell)), (pInfo))
void sqlite3BtreeParseCell(
  MemPage *pPage,         /* Page containing the cell */
  int iCell,              /* The cell index.  First cell is 0 */
  CellInfo *pInfo         /* Fill in this structure */
){
  parseCell(pPage, iCell, pInfo);
}

/*
** Compute the total number of bytes that a Cell needs in the cell
** data area of the btree-page.  The return number includes the cell
** data header and the local payload, but not any overflow page or
** the space used by the cell pointer.
*/
#ifndef NDEBUG
static u16 cellSize(MemPage *pPage, int iCell){
  CellInfo info;
  sqlite3BtreeParseCell(pPage, iCell, &info);

  return info.nSize;
}


#endif
static u16 cellSizePtr(MemPage *pPage, u8 *pCell){

  CellInfo info;
  sqlite3BtreeParseCellPtr(pPage, pCell, &info);






































  return info.nSize;

}









#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
/*
** If the cell pCell, part of page pPage contains a pointer
** to an overflow page, insert an entry into the pointer-map
** for the overflow page.
*/
static int ptrmapPutOvflPtr(MemPage *pPage, u8 *pCell){
  CellInfo info;

  assert( pCell!=0 );
  sqlite3BtreeParseCellPtr(pPage, pCell, &info);
  assert( (info.nData+(pPage->intKey?0:info.nKey))==info.nPayload );
  if( (info.nData+(pPage->intKey?0:info.nKey))>info.nLocal ){

    Pgno ovfl = get4byte(&pCell[info.iOverflow]);
    return ptrmapPut(pPage->pBt, ovfl, PTRMAP_OVERFLOW1, pPage->pgno);
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
/*
** If the cell with index iCell on page pPage contains a pointer
** to an overflow page, insert an entry into the pointer-map
** for the overflow page.
*/
static int ptrmapPutOvfl(MemPage *pPage, int iCell){
  u8 *pCell;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  pCell = findOverflowCell(pPage, iCell);
  return ptrmapPutOvflPtr(pPage, pCell);
}
#endif


/*
** Defragment the page given.  All Cells are moved to the
** end of the page and all free space is collected into one
** big FreeBlk that occurs in between the header and cell
** pointer array and the cell content area.
*/
static void defragmentPage(MemPage *pPage){
  int i;                     /* Loop counter */
  int pc;                    /* Address of a i-th cell */
  int addr;                  /* Offset of first byte after cell pointer array */
  int hdr;                   /* Offset to the page header */
  int size;                  /* Size of a cell */
  int usableSize;            /* Number of usable bytes on a page */
  int cellOffset;            /* Offset to the cell pointer array */
  int brk;                   /* Offset to the cell content area */
  int nCell;                 /* Number of cells on the page */
  unsigned char *data;       /* The page data */
  unsigned char *temp;       /* Temp area for cell content */




  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pPage->pDbPage) );
  assert( pPage->pBt!=0 );
  assert( pPage->pBt->usableSize <= SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE );
  assert( pPage->nOverflow==0 );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  temp = sqlite3PagerTempSpace(pPage->pBt->pPager);
  data = pPage->aData;
  hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;
  cellOffset = pPage->cellOffset;
  nCell = pPage->nCell;
  assert( nCell==get2byte(&data[hdr+3]) );
  usableSize = pPage->pBt->usableSize;
  brk = get2byte(&data[hdr+5]);
  memcpy(&temp[brk], &data[brk], usableSize - brk);
  brk = usableSize;


  for(i=0; i<nCell; i++){
    u8 *pAddr;     /* The i-th cell pointer */
    pAddr = &data[cellOffset + i*2];
    pc = get2byte(pAddr);
    assert( pc<pPage->pBt->usableSize );










    size = cellSizePtr(pPage, &temp[pc]);
    brk -= size;












    memcpy(&data[brk], &temp[pc], size);
    put2byte(pAddr, brk);
  }
  assert( brk>=cellOffset+2*nCell );

  put2byte(&data[hdr+5], brk);
  data[hdr+1] = 0;
  data[hdr+2] = 0;
  data[hdr+7] = 0;
  addr = cellOffset+2*nCell;
  memset(&data[addr], 0, brk-addr);




}



/*
** Allocate nByte bytes of space on a page.



**
** Return the index into pPage->aData[] of the first byte of
** the new allocation.  The caller guarantees that there is enough

** space.  This routine will never fail.
**
** If the page contains nBytes of free space but does not contain
** nBytes of contiguous free space, then this routine automatically
** calls defragementPage() to consolidate all free space before 
** allocating the new chunk.



*/
static int allocateSpace(MemPage *pPage, int nByte){
  int addr, pc, hdr;
  int size;
  int nFrag;
  int top;
  int nCell;
  int cellOffset;
  unsigned char *data;







  
  data = pPage->aData;
  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pPage->pDbPage) );
  assert( pPage->pBt );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  assert( nByte>=0 );  /* Minimum cell size is 4 */
  assert( pPage->nFree>=nByte );
  assert( pPage->nOverflow==0 );
  pPage->nFree -= nByte;
  hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;



  nFrag = data[hdr+7];








  if( nFrag<60 ){





    /* Search the freelist looking for a slot big enough to satisfy the
    ** space request. */
    addr = hdr+1;




    while( (pc = get2byte(&data[addr]))>0 ){




      size = get2byte(&data[pc+2]);
      if( size>=nByte ){
        if( size<nByte+4 ){






          memcpy(&data[addr], &data[pc], 2);
          data[hdr+7] = nFrag + size - nByte;

          return pc;
        }else{


          put2byte(&data[pc+2], size-nByte);
          return pc + size - nByte;
        }


      }
      addr = pc;
    }
  }

  /* Allocate memory from the gap in between the cell pointer array
  ** and the cell content area.


  */
  top = get2byte(&data[hdr+5]);
  nCell = get2byte(&data[hdr+3]);
  cellOffset = pPage->cellOffset;
  if( nFrag>=60 || cellOffset + 2*nCell > top - nByte ){


    defragmentPage(pPage);

    top = get2byte(&data[hdr+5]);

  }








  top -= nByte;
  assert( cellOffset + 2*nCell <= top );
  put2byte(&data[hdr+5], top);


  return top;
}

/*
** Return a section of the pPage->aData to the freelist.
** The first byte of the new free block is pPage->aDisk[start]
** and the size of the block is "size" bytes.
**
** Most of the effort here is involved in coalesing adjacent
** free blocks into a single big free block.
*/
static void freeSpace(MemPage *pPage, int start, int size){
  int addr, pbegin, hdr;

  unsigned char *data = pPage->aData;

  assert( pPage->pBt!=0 );
  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pPage->pDbPage) );
  assert( start>=pPage->hdrOffset+6+(pPage->leaf?0:4) );
  assert( (start + size)<=pPage->pBt->usableSize );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  assert( size>=0 );   /* Minimum cell size is 4 */

#ifdef SQLITE_SECURE_DELETE
  /* Overwrite deleted information with zeros when the SECURE_DELETE 
  ** option is enabled at compile-time */
  memset(&data[start], 0, size);
#endif


  /* Add the space back into the linked list of freeblocks */








  hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;
  addr = hdr + 1;


  while( (pbegin = get2byte(&data[addr]))<start && pbegin>0 ){
    assert( pbegin<=pPage->pBt->usableSize-4 );
    assert( pbegin>addr );


    addr = pbegin;
  }
  assert( pbegin<=pPage->pBt->usableSize-4 );



  assert( pbegin>addr || pbegin==0 );
  put2byte(&data[addr], start);
  put2byte(&data[start], pbegin);
  put2byte(&data[start+2], size);
  pPage->nFree += size;

  /* Coalesce adjacent free blocks */
  addr = pPage->hdrOffset + 1;
  while( (pbegin = get2byte(&data[addr]))>0 ){
    int pnext, psize;
    assert( pbegin>addr );
    assert( pbegin<=pPage->pBt->usableSize-4 );
    pnext = get2byte(&data[pbegin]);
    psize = get2byte(&data[pbegin+2]);
    if( pbegin + psize + 3 >= pnext && pnext>0 ){
      int frag = pnext - (pbegin+psize);
      assert( frag<=data[pPage->hdrOffset+7] );
      data[pPage->hdrOffset+7] -= frag;



      put2byte(&data[pbegin], get2byte(&data[pnext]));

      put2byte(&data[pbegin+2], pnext+get2byte(&data[pnext+2])-pbegin);
    }else{
      addr = pbegin;
    }
  }

  /* If the cell content area begins with a freeblock, remove it. */
  if( data[hdr+1]==data[hdr+5] && data[hdr+2]==data[hdr+6] ){
    int top;
    pbegin = get2byte(&data[hdr+1]);
    memcpy(&data[hdr+1], &data[pbegin], 2);
    top = get2byte(&data[hdr+5]);
    put2byte(&data[hdr+5], top + get2byte(&data[pbegin+2]));
  }


}

/*
** Decode the flags byte (the first byte of the header) for a page
** and initialize fields of the MemPage structure accordingly.
**
** Only the following combinations are supported.  Anything different
................................................................................
**         PTF_LEAFDATA | PTF_INTKEY | PTF_LEAF
*/
static int decodeFlags(MemPage *pPage, int flagByte){
  BtShared *pBt;     /* A copy of pPage->pBt */

  assert( pPage->hdrOffset==(pPage->pgno==1 ? 100 : 0) );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  pPage->leaf = flagByte>>3;  assert( PTF_LEAF == 1<<3 );
  flagByte &= ~PTF_LEAF;
  pPage->childPtrSize = 4-4*pPage->leaf;
  pBt = pPage->pBt;
  if( flagByte==(PTF_LEAFDATA | PTF_INTKEY) ){
    pPage->intKey = 1;
    pPage->hasData = pPage->leaf;
    pPage->maxLocal = pBt->maxLeaf;
................................................................................
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Initialize the auxiliary information for a disk block.
**
** The pParent parameter must be a pointer to the MemPage which
** is the parent of the page being initialized.  The root of a
** BTree has no parent and so for that page, pParent==NULL.
**
** Return SQLITE_OK on success.  If we see that the page does
** not contain a well-formed database page, then return 
** SQLITE_CORRUPT.  Note that a return of SQLITE_OK does not
** guarantee that the page is well-formed.  It only shows that
** we failed to detect any corruption.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeInitPage(
  MemPage *pPage,        /* The page to be initialized */

  MemPage *pParent       /* The parent.  Might be NULL */
){





  int pc;            /* Address of a freeblock within pPage->aData[] */
  int hdr;           /* Offset to beginning of page header */
  u8 *data;          /* Equal to pPage->aData */
  BtShared *pBt;        /* The main btree structure */
  int usableSize;    /* Amount of usable space on each page */
  int cellOffset;    /* Offset from start of page to first cell pointer */
  int nFree;         /* Number of unused bytes on the page */
  int top;           /* First byte of the cell content area */



  pBt = pPage->pBt;
  assert( pBt!=0 );
  assert( pParent==0 || pParent->pBt==pBt );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  assert( pPage->pgno==sqlite3PagerPagenumber(pPage->pDbPage) );
  assert( pPage == sqlite3PagerGetExtra(pPage->pDbPage) );
  assert( pPage->aData == sqlite3PagerGetData(pPage->pDbPage) );
  if( pPage->pParent!=pParent && (pPage->pParent!=0 || pPage->isInit) ){
    /* The parent page should never change unless the file is corrupt */
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  if( pPage->isInit ) return SQLITE_OK;
  if( pPage->pParent==0 && pParent!=0 ){
    pPage->pParent = pParent;
    sqlite3PagerRef(pParent->pDbPage);
  }
  hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;
  data = pPage->aData;
  if( decodeFlags(pPage, data[hdr]) ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  assert( pBt->pageSize>=512 && pBt->pageSize<=32768 );
  pPage->maskPage = pBt->pageSize - 1;
  pPage->nOverflow = 0;
  pPage->idxShift = 0;
  usableSize = pBt->usableSize;
  pPage->cellOffset = cellOffset = hdr + 12 - 4*pPage->leaf;
  top = get2byte(&data[hdr+5]);
  pPage->nCell = get2byte(&data[hdr+3]);
  if( pPage->nCell>MX_CELL(pBt) ){
    /* To many cells for a single page.  The page must be corrupt */
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  if( pPage->nCell==0 && pParent!=0 && pParent->pgno!=1 ){









    /* All pages must have at least one cell, except for root pages */












    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }










  /* Compute the total free space on the page */
  pc = get2byte(&data[hdr+1]);
  nFree = data[hdr+7] + top - (cellOffset + 2*pPage->nCell);
  while( pc>0 ){
    int next, size;
    if( pc>usableSize-4 ){

      /* Free block is off the page */
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT; 
    }
    next = get2byte(&data[pc]);
    size = get2byte(&data[pc+2]);
    if( next>0 && next<=pc+size+3 ){
      /* Free blocks must be in accending order */

      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT; 
    }
    nFree += size;
    pc = next;
  }
  pPage->nFree = nFree;
  if( nFree>=usableSize ){
    /* Free space cannot exceed total page size */
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT; 
  }

#if 0
  /* Check that all the offsets in the cell offset array are within range. 
  ** 
  ** Omitting this consistency check and using the pPage->maskPage mask
  ** to prevent overrunning the page buffer in findCell() results in a
  ** 2.5% performance gain.






  */
  {
    u8 *pOff;        /* Iterator used to check all cell offsets are in range */
    u8 *pEnd;        /* Pointer to end of cell offset array */
    u8 mask;         /* Mask of bits that must be zero in MSB of cell offsets */
    mask = ~(((u8)(pBt->pageSize>>8))-1);
    pEnd = &data[cellOffset + pPage->nCell*2];
    for(pOff=&data[cellOffset]; pOff!=pEnd && !((*pOff)&mask); pOff+=2);
    if( pOff!=pEnd ){

      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }
  }
#endif


  pPage->isInit = 1;

  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Set up a raw page so that it looks like a database page holding
** no entries.
*/
static void zeroPage(MemPage *pPage, int flags){
  unsigned char *data = pPage->aData;
  BtShared *pBt = pPage->pBt;
  int hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;
  int first;

  assert( sqlite3PagerPagenumber(pPage->pDbPage)==pPage->pgno );
  assert( sqlite3PagerGetExtra(pPage->pDbPage) == (void*)pPage );
  assert( sqlite3PagerGetData(pPage->pDbPage) == data );
  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pPage->pDbPage) );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );

  /*memset(&data[hdr], 0, pBt->usableSize - hdr);*/

  data[hdr] = flags;
  first = hdr + 8 + 4*((flags&PTF_LEAF)==0);
  memset(&data[hdr+1], 0, 4);
  data[hdr+7] = 0;
  put2byte(&data[hdr+5], pBt->usableSize);
  pPage->nFree = pBt->usableSize - first;
  decodeFlags(pPage, flags);
  pPage->hdrOffset = hdr;
  pPage->cellOffset = first;
  pPage->nOverflow = 0;
  assert( pBt->pageSize>=512 && pBt->pageSize<=32768 );
  pPage->maskPage = pBt->pageSize - 1;
  pPage->idxShift = 0;
  pPage->nCell = 0;
  pPage->isInit = 1;
}
















/*
** Get a page from the pager.  Initialize the MemPage.pBt and
** MemPage.aData elements if needed.
**
** If the noContent flag is set, it means that we do not care about
** the content of the page at this time.  So do not go to the disk
** to fetch the content.  Just fill in the content with zeros for now.
** If in the future we call sqlite3PagerWrite() on this page, that
** means we have started to be concerned about content and the disk
** read should occur at that point.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeGetPage(
  BtShared *pBt,       /* The btree */
  Pgno pgno,           /* Number of the page to fetch */
  MemPage **ppPage,    /* Return the page in this parameter */
  int noContent        /* Do not load page content if true */
){
  int rc;
  MemPage *pPage;
  DbPage *pDbPage;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  rc = sqlite3PagerAcquire(pBt->pPager, pgno, (DbPage**)&pDbPage, noContent);
  if( rc ) return rc;

  pPage = (MemPage *)sqlite3PagerGetExtra(pDbPage);
  pPage->aData = sqlite3PagerGetData(pDbPage);











  pPage->pDbPage = pDbPage;
  pPage->pBt = pBt;
  pPage->pgno = pgno;
  pPage->hdrOffset = pPage->pgno==1 ? 100 : 0;
  *ppPage = pPage;


  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*













** Get a page from the pager and initialize it.  This routine
** is just a convenience wrapper around separate calls to
** sqlite3BtreeGetPage() and sqlite3BtreeInitPage().



*/
static int getAndInitPage(
  BtShared *pBt,          /* The database file */
  Pgno pgno,           /* Number of the page to get */
  MemPage **ppPage,    /* Write the page pointer here */
  MemPage *pParent     /* Parent of the page */
){
  int rc;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );

  if( pgno==0 ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT; 
  }

  rc = sqlite3BtreeGetPage(pBt, pgno, ppPage, 0);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && (*ppPage)->isInit==0 ){
    rc = sqlite3BtreeInitPage(*ppPage, pParent);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      releasePage(*ppPage);
      *ppPage = 0;
    }
  }




  return rc;
}

/*
** Release a MemPage.  This should be called once for each prior
** call to sqlite3BtreeGetPage.
*/
static void releasePage(MemPage *pPage){
  if( pPage ){
    assert( pPage->aData );
    assert( pPage->pBt );
    assert( sqlite3PagerGetExtra(pPage->pDbPage) == (void*)pPage );
    assert( sqlite3PagerGetData(pPage->pDbPage)==pPage->aData );
    assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
    sqlite3PagerUnref(pPage->pDbPage);
  }
}

/*
** This routine is called when the reference count for a page
** reaches zero.  We need to unref the pParent pointer when that
** happens.
*/
static void pageDestructor(DbPage *pData, int pageSize){
  MemPage *pPage;
  assert( (pageSize & 7)==0 );
  pPage = (MemPage *)sqlite3PagerGetExtra(pData);
  assert( pPage->isInit==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  if( pPage->pParent ){
    MemPage *pParent = pPage->pParent;
    assert( pParent->pBt==pPage->pBt );
    pPage->pParent = 0;
    releasePage(pParent);
  }
  pPage->isInit = 0;
}

/*
** During a rollback, when the pager reloads information into the cache
** so that the cache is restored to its original state at the start of
** the transaction, for each page restored this routine is called.
**
** This routine needs to reset the extra data section at the end of the
** page to agree with the restored data.
*/
static void pageReinit(DbPage *pData, int pageSize){
  MemPage *pPage;
  assert( (pageSize & 7)==0 );
  pPage = (MemPage *)sqlite3PagerGetExtra(pData);

  if( pPage->isInit ){
    assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
    pPage->isInit = 0;







    sqlite3BtreeInitPage(pPage, pPage->pParent);

  }
}

/*
** Invoke the busy handler for a btree.
*/
static int sqlite3BtreeInvokeBusyHandler(void *pArg, int n){
  BtShared *pBt = (BtShared*)pArg;
  assert( pBt->db );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->db->mutex) );
  return sqlite3InvokeBusyHandler(&pBt->db->busyHandler);
}

/*
** Open a database file.
** 
** zFilename is the name of the database file.  If zFilename is NULL
** a new database with a random name is created.  This randomly named


** database file will be deleted when sqlite3BtreeClose() is called.

** If zFilename is ":memory:" then an in-memory database is created
** that is automatically destroyed when it is closed.












*/
int sqlite3BtreeOpen(
  const char *zFilename,  /* Name of the file containing the BTree database */
  sqlite3 *db,            /* Associated database handle */
  Btree **ppBtree,        /* Pointer to new Btree object written here */
  int flags,              /* Options */
  int vfsFlags            /* Flags passed through to sqlite3_vfs.xOpen() */
){
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs;      /* The VFS to use for this btree */
  BtShared *pBt = 0;      /* Shared part of btree structure */
  Btree *p;               /* Handle to return */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  int nReserve;
  unsigned char zDbHeader[100];

  /* Set the variable isMemdb to true for an in-memory database, or 
  ** false for a file-based database. This symbol is only required if
  ** either of the shared-data or autovacuum features are compiled 
  ** into the library.
  */
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM)
  #ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_MEMORYDB
    const int isMemdb = 0;
  #else
    const int isMemdb = zFilename && !strcmp(zFilename, ":memory:");
  #endif

#endif

  assert( db!=0 );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(db->mutex) );

















  pVfs = db->pVfs;
  p = sqlite3MallocZero(sizeof(Btree));
  if( !p ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  p->inTrans = TRANS_NONE;
  p->db = db;





#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_DISKIO)
  /*
  ** If this Btree is a candidate for shared cache, try to find an
  ** existing BtShared object that we can share with
  */
  if( isMemdb==0
   && (db->flags & SQLITE_Vtab)==0
   && zFilename && zFilename[0]
  ){
    if( sqlite3SharedCacheEnabled ){
      int nFullPathname = pVfs->mxPathname+1;
      char *zFullPathname = sqlite3Malloc(nFullPathname);
      sqlite3_mutex *mutexShared;
      p->sharable = 1;
      db->flags |= SQLITE_SharedCache;
      if( !zFullPathname ){
        sqlite3_free(p);
        return SQLITE_NOMEM;
      }
      sqlite3OsFullPathname(pVfs, zFilename, nFullPathname, zFullPathname);


      mutexShared = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER);
      sqlite3_mutex_enter(mutexShared);
      for(pBt=sqlite3SharedCacheList; pBt; pBt=pBt->pNext){

        assert( pBt->nRef>0 );
        if( 0==strcmp(zFullPathname, sqlite3PagerFilename(pBt->pPager))
                 && sqlite3PagerVfs(pBt->pPager)==pVfs ){











          p->pBt = pBt;
          pBt->nRef++;
          break;
        }
      }
      sqlite3_mutex_leave(mutexShared);
      sqlite3_free(zFullPathname);
................................................................................
    assert( sizeof(Pgno)==4 );
  
    pBt = sqlite3MallocZero( sizeof(*pBt) );
    if( pBt==0 ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
      goto btree_open_out;
    }
    pBt->busyHdr.xFunc = sqlite3BtreeInvokeBusyHandler;
    pBt->busyHdr.pArg = pBt;
    rc = sqlite3PagerOpen(pVfs, &pBt->pPager, zFilename,
                          EXTRA_SIZE, flags, vfsFlags);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = sqlite3PagerReadFileheader(pBt->pPager,sizeof(zDbHeader),zDbHeader);
    }
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      goto btree_open_out;
    }


    sqlite3PagerSetBusyhandler(pBt->pPager, &pBt->busyHdr);
    p->pBt = pBt;
  
    sqlite3PagerSetDestructor(pBt->pPager, pageDestructor);
    sqlite3PagerSetReiniter(pBt->pPager, pageReinit);
    pBt->pCursor = 0;
    pBt->pPage1 = 0;
    pBt->readOnly = sqlite3PagerIsreadonly(pBt->pPager);
    pBt->pageSize = get2byte(&zDbHeader[16]);



    if( pBt->pageSize<512 || pBt->pageSize>SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
         || ((pBt->pageSize-1)&pBt->pageSize)!=0 ){
      pBt->pageSize = 0;
      sqlite3PagerSetPagesize(pBt->pPager, &pBt->pageSize);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
      /* If the magic name ":memory:" will create an in-memory database, then
      ** leave the autoVacuum mode at 0 (do not auto-vacuum), even if
      ** SQLITE_DEFAULT_AUTOVACUUM is true. On the other hand, if
      ** SQLITE_OMIT_MEMORYDB has been defined, then ":memory:" is just a
      ** regular file-name. In this case the auto-vacuum applies as per normal.
      */
................................................................................
      nReserve = zDbHeader[20];
      pBt->pageSizeFixed = 1;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
      pBt->autoVacuum = (get4byte(&zDbHeader[36 + 4*4])?1:0);
      pBt->incrVacuum = (get4byte(&zDbHeader[36 + 7*4])?1:0);
#endif
    }


    pBt->usableSize = pBt->pageSize - nReserve;
    assert( (pBt->pageSize & 7)==0 );  /* 8-byte alignment of pageSize */
    sqlite3PagerSetPagesize(pBt->pPager, &pBt->pageSize);
   
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_DISKIO)
    /* Add the new BtShared object to the linked list sharable BtShareds.
    */
    if( p->sharable ){
      sqlite3_mutex *mutexShared;
      pBt->nRef = 1;
      mutexShared = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER);
      if( SQLITE_THREADSAFE && sqlite3Config.bCoreMutex ){
        pBt->mutex = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST);
        if( pBt->mutex==0 ){
          rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
          db->mallocFailed = 0;
          goto btree_open_out;
        }
      }
      sqlite3_mutex_enter(mutexShared);
      pBt->pNext = sqlite3SharedCacheList;
      sqlite3SharedCacheList = pBt;
      sqlite3_mutex_leave(mutexShared);
    }
#endif
  }

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_DISKIO)
  /* If the new Btree uses a sharable pBtShared, then link the new
................................................................................
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    if( pBt && pBt->pPager ){
      sqlite3PagerClose(pBt->pPager);
    }
    sqlite3_free(pBt);
    sqlite3_free(p);
    *ppBtree = 0;












  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Decrement the BtShared.nRef counter.  When it reaches zero,
** remove the BtShared structure from the sharing list.  Return
................................................................................
  int removed = 0;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_notheld(pBt->mutex) );
  pMaster = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER);
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(pMaster);
  pBt->nRef--;
  if( pBt->nRef<=0 ){
    if( sqlite3SharedCacheList==pBt ){
      sqlite3SharedCacheList = pBt->pNext;
    }else{
      pList = sqlite3SharedCacheList;
      while( ALWAYS(pList) && pList->pNext!=pBt ){
        pList=pList->pNext;
      }
      if( ALWAYS(pList) ){
        pList->pNext = pBt->pNext;
      }
    }
................................................................................
int sqlite3BtreeClose(Btree *p){
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
  BtCursor *pCur;

  /* Close all cursors opened via this handle.  */
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(p->db->mutex) );
  sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);
  pBt->db = p->db;
  pCur = pBt->pCursor;
  while( pCur ){
    BtCursor *pTmp = pCur;
    pCur = pCur->pNext;
    if( pTmp->pBtree==p ){
      sqlite3BtreeCloseCursor(pTmp);
    }
................................................................................
    ** Clean out and delete the BtShared object.
    */
    assert( !pBt->pCursor );
    sqlite3PagerClose(pBt->pPager);
    if( pBt->xFreeSchema && pBt->pSchema ){
      pBt->xFreeSchema(pBt->pSchema);
    }
    sqlite3_free(pBt->pSchema);
    freeTempSpace(pBt);
    sqlite3_free(pBt);
  }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
  assert( p->wantToLock==0 );
  assert( p->locked==0 );
................................................................................
** how well the database resists damage due to OS crashes and power
** failures.  Level 1 is the same as asynchronous (no syncs() occur and
** there is a high probability of damage)  Level 2 is the default.  There
** is a very low but non-zero probability of damage.  Level 3 reduces the
** probability of damage to near zero but with a write performance reduction.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS
int sqlite3BtreeSetSafetyLevel(Btree *p, int level, int fullSync){





  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(p->db->mutex) );

  sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);
  sqlite3PagerSetSafetyLevel(pBt->pPager, level, fullSync);
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
#endif

/*
** Return TRUE if the given btree is set to safety level 1.  In other
................................................................................
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  return rc;
}

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VACUUM)
/*
** Change the default pages size and the number of reserved bytes per page.


**
** The page size must be a power of 2 between 512 and 65536.  If the page
** size supplied does not meet this constraint then the page size is not
** changed.
**
** Page sizes are constrained to be a power of two so that the region
** of the database file used for locking (beginning at PENDING_BYTE,
** the first byte past the 1GB boundary, 0x40000000) needs to occur
** at the beginning of a page.
**
** If parameter nReserve is less than zero, then the number of reserved
** bytes per page is left unchanged.



*/
int sqlite3BtreeSetPageSize(Btree *p, int pageSize, int nReserve){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;

  sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);
  if( pBt->pageSizeFixed ){
    sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
    return SQLITE_READONLY;
  }
  if( nReserve<0 ){
    nReserve = pBt->pageSize - pBt->usableSize;
  }

  if( pageSize>=512 && pageSize<=SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE &&
        ((pageSize-1)&pageSize)==0 ){
    assert( (pageSize & 7)==0 );
    assert( !pBt->pPage1 && !pBt->pCursor );
    pBt->pageSize = pageSize;
    freeTempSpace(pBt);
    rc = sqlite3PagerSetPagesize(pBt->pPager, &pBt->pageSize);
  }

  pBt->usableSize = pBt->pageSize - nReserve;

  sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Return the currently defined page size
*/
int sqlite3BtreeGetPageSize(Btree *p){
  return p->pBt->pageSize;
}






int sqlite3BtreeGetReserve(Btree *p){
  int n;
  sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);
  n = p->pBt->pageSize - p->pBt->usableSize;
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  return n;
}
................................................................................
int sqlite3BtreeMaxPageCount(Btree *p, int mxPage){
  int n;
  sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);
  n = sqlite3PagerMaxPageCount(p->pBt->pPager, mxPage);
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  return n;
}

















#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VACUUM) */

/*
** Change the 'auto-vacuum' property of the database. If the 'autoVacuum'
** parameter is non-zero, then auto-vacuum mode is enabled. If zero, it
** is disabled. The default value for the auto-vacuum property is 
** determined by the SQLITE_DEFAULT_AUTOVACUUM macro.
................................................................................
*/
int sqlite3BtreeSetAutoVacuum(Btree *p, int autoVacuum){
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
  return SQLITE_READONLY;
#else
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  int av = (autoVacuum?1:0);

  sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);
  if( pBt->pageSizeFixed && av!=pBt->autoVacuum ){
    rc = SQLITE_READONLY;
  }else{
    pBt->autoVacuum = av;

  }
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  return rc;
#endif
}

/*
................................................................................
**
** SQLITE_OK is returned on success.  If the file is not a
** well-formed database file, then SQLITE_CORRUPT is returned.
** SQLITE_BUSY is returned if the database is locked.  SQLITE_NOMEM
** is returned if we run out of memory. 
*/
static int lockBtree(BtShared *pBt){
  int rc;
  MemPage *pPage1;
  int nPage;



  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  if( pBt->pPage1 ) return SQLITE_OK;


  rc = sqlite3BtreeGetPage(pBt, 1, &pPage1, 0);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  /* Do some checking to help insure the file we opened really is
  ** a valid database file. 
  */

  rc = sqlite3PagerPagecount(pBt->pPager, &nPage);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    goto page1_init_failed;


  }else if( nPage>0 ){
    int pageSize;
    int usableSize;
    u8 *page1 = pPage1->aData;
    rc = SQLITE_NOTADB;
    if( memcmp(page1, zMagicHeader, 16)!=0 ){
      goto page1_init_failed;
    }


    if( page1[18]>1 ){
      pBt->readOnly = 1;
    }
    if( page1[19]>1 ){
      goto page1_init_failed;
    }





























    /* The maximum embedded fraction must be exactly 25%.  And the minimum
    ** embedded fraction must be 12.5% for both leaf-data and non-leaf-data.
    ** The original design allowed these amounts to vary, but as of
    ** version 3.6.0, we require them to be fixed.
    */
    if( memcmp(&page1[21], "\100\040\040",3)!=0 ){
      goto page1_init_failed;
    }
    pageSize = get2byte(&page1[16]);
    if( ((pageSize-1)&pageSize)!=0 || pageSize<512 ||
        (SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE<32768 && pageSize>SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE)

    ){
      goto page1_init_failed;
    }
    assert( (pageSize & 7)==0 );
    usableSize = pageSize - page1[20];
    if( pageSize!=pBt->pageSize ){
      /* After reading the first page of the database assuming a page size
      ** of BtShared.pageSize, we have discovered that the page-size is
      ** actually pageSize. Unlock the database, leave pBt->pPage1 at
      ** zero and return SQLITE_OK. The caller will call this function
      ** again with the correct page-size.
      */
      releasePage(pPage1);
      pBt->usableSize = usableSize;
      pBt->pageSize = pageSize;
      freeTempSpace(pBt);
      sqlite3PagerSetPagesize(pBt->pPager, &pBt->pageSize);

      return SQLITE_OK;
    }




    if( usableSize<500 ){
      goto page1_init_failed;
    }
    pBt->pageSize = pageSize;
    pBt->usableSize = usableSize;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
    pBt->autoVacuum = (get4byte(&page1[36 + 4*4])?1:0);
    pBt->incrVacuum = (get4byte(&page1[36 + 7*4])?1:0);
................................................................................
  ** cells can will fit on one page.  We assume a 10-byte page header.
  ** Besides the payload, the cell must store:
  **     2-byte pointer to the cell
  **     4-byte child pointer
  **     9-byte nKey value
  **     4-byte nData value
  **     4-byte overflow page pointer
  ** So a cell consists of a 2-byte poiner, a header which is as much as
  ** 17 bytes long, 0 to N bytes of payload, and an optional 4 byte overflow
  ** page pointer.
  */
  pBt->maxLocal = (pBt->usableSize-12)*64/255 - 23;
  pBt->minLocal = (pBt->usableSize-12)*32/255 - 23;
  pBt->maxLeaf = pBt->usableSize - 35;
  pBt->minLeaf = (pBt->usableSize-12)*32/255 - 23;
  assert( pBt->maxLeaf + 23 <= MX_CELL_SIZE(pBt) );
  pBt->pPage1 = pPage1;

  return SQLITE_OK;

page1_init_failed:
  releasePage(pPage1);
  pBt->pPage1 = 0;
  return rc;
}

/*
** This routine works like lockBtree() except that it also invokes the
** busy callback if there is lock contention.
*/
static int lockBtreeWithRetry(Btree *pRef){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(pRef) );
  if( pRef->inTrans==TRANS_NONE ){
    u8 inTransaction = pRef->pBt->inTransaction;
    btreeIntegrity(pRef);
    rc = sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(pRef, 0);
    pRef->pBt->inTransaction = inTransaction;
    pRef->inTrans = TRANS_NONE;
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      pRef->pBt->nTransaction--;
    }
    btreeIntegrity(pRef);
  }
  return rc;
}
       

/*
** If there are no outstanding cursors and we are not in the middle
** of a transaction but there is a read lock on the database, then
** this routine unrefs the first page of the database file which 
** has the effect of releasing the read lock.
**
** If there are any outstanding cursors, this routine is a no-op.
**
** If there is a transaction in progress, this routine is a no-op.
*/
static void unlockBtreeIfUnused(BtShared *pBt){
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );

  if( pBt->inTransaction==TRANS_NONE && pBt->pCursor==0 && pBt->pPage1!=0 ){

    if( sqlite3PagerRefcount(pBt->pPager)>=1 ){
      assert( pBt->pPage1->aData );
#if 0
      if( pBt->pPage1->aData==0 ){
        MemPage *pPage = pBt->pPage1;
        pPage->aData = sqlite3PagerGetData(pPage->pDbPage);
        pPage->pBt = pBt;
        pPage->pgno = 1;
      }
#endif
      releasePage(pBt->pPage1);
    }
    pBt->pPage1 = 0;
    pBt->inStmt = 0;
  }
}

/*
** Create a new database by initializing the first page of the
** file.

*/
static int newDatabase(BtShared *pBt){
  MemPage *pP1;
  unsigned char *data;
  int rc;
  int nPage;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  rc = sqlite3PagerPagecount(pBt->pPager, &nPage);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK || nPage>0 ){
    return rc;
  }
  pP1 = pBt->pPage1;
  assert( pP1!=0 );
  data = pP1->aData;
  rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pP1->pDbPage);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  memcpy(data, zMagicHeader, sizeof(zMagicHeader));
  assert( sizeof(zMagicHeader)==16 );
  put2byte(&data[16], pBt->pageSize);

  data[18] = 1;
  data[19] = 1;

  data[20] = pBt->pageSize - pBt->usableSize;
  data[21] = 64;
  data[22] = 32;
  data[23] = 32;
  memset(&data[24], 0, 100-24);
  zeroPage(pP1, PTF_INTKEY|PTF_LEAF|PTF_LEAFDATA );
  pBt->pageSizeFixed = 1;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
  assert( pBt->autoVacuum==1 || pBt->autoVacuum==0 );
  assert( pBt->incrVacuum==1 || pBt->incrVacuum==0 );
  put4byte(&data[36 + 4*4], pBt->autoVacuum);
  put4byte(&data[36 + 7*4], pBt->incrVacuum);
#endif


  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Attempt to start a new transaction. A write-transaction
** is started if the second argument is nonzero, otherwise a read-
** transaction.  If the second argument is 2 or more and exclusive
................................................................................
** of A's read lock.  A tries to promote to reserved but is blocked by B.
** One or the other of the two processes must give way or there can be
** no progress.  By returning SQLITE_BUSY and not invoking the busy callback
** when A already has a read lock, we encourage A to give up and let B
** proceed.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(Btree *p, int wrflag){

  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);
  pBt->db = p->db;
  btreeIntegrity(p);

  /* If the btree is already in a write-transaction, or it
  ** is already in a read-transaction and a read-transaction
  ** is requested, this is a no-op.
  */
  if( p->inTrans==TRANS_WRITE || (p->inTrans==TRANS_READ && !wrflag) ){
................................................................................

  /* Write transactions are not possible on a read-only database */
  if( pBt->readOnly && wrflag ){
    rc = SQLITE_READONLY;
    goto trans_begun;
  }


  /* If another database handle has already opened a write transaction 
  ** on this shared-btree structure and a second write transaction is
  ** requested, return SQLITE_BUSY.
  */
  if( pBt->inTransaction==TRANS_WRITE && wrflag ){
    rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
    goto trans_begun;
  }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
  if( wrflag>1 ){
    BtLock *pIter;
    for(pIter=pBt->pLock; pIter; pIter=pIter->pNext){
      if( pIter->pBtree!=p ){
        rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
        goto trans_begun;
      }
    }
  }





#endif








  do {
    if( pBt->pPage1==0 ){
      do{
        rc = lockBtree(pBt);







      }while( pBt->pPage1==0 && rc==SQLITE_OK );
    }

    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && wrflag ){
      if( pBt->readOnly ){
        rc = SQLITE_READONLY;
      }else{
        rc = sqlite3PagerBegin(pBt->pPage1->pDbPage, wrflag>1);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          rc = newDatabase(pBt);
        }
      }
    }
  
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      if( wrflag ) pBt->inStmt = 0;
    }else{
      unlockBtreeIfUnused(pBt);
    }
  }while( rc==SQLITE_BUSY && pBt->inTransaction==TRANS_NONE &&
          sqlite3BtreeInvokeBusyHandler(pBt, 0) );

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( p->inTrans==TRANS_NONE ){
      pBt->nTransaction++;








    }
    p->inTrans = (wrflag?TRANS_WRITE:TRANS_READ);
    if( p->inTrans>pBt->inTransaction ){
      pBt->inTransaction = p->inTrans;
    }


#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
    if( wrflag>1 ){
      assert( !pBt->pExclusive );

      pBt->pExclusive = p;
    }
#endif














  }


trans_begun:








  btreeIntegrity(p);
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Return the size of the database file in pages.  Or return -1 if
** there is any kind of error.
*/
static int pagerPagecount(Pager *pPager){
  int rc;
  int nPage;
  rc = sqlite3PagerPagecount(pPager, &nPage);
  return (rc==SQLITE_OK?nPage:-1);
}


#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM

/*
** Set the pointer-map entries for all children of page pPage. Also, if
** pPage contains cells that point to overflow pages, set the pointer
** map entries for the overflow pages as well.
*/
static int setChildPtrmaps(MemPage *pPage){
  int i;                             /* Counter variable */
  int nCell;                         /* Number of cells in page pPage */
  int rc;                            /* Return code */
  BtShared *pBt = pPage->pBt;
  int isInitOrig = pPage->isInit;
  Pgno pgno = pPage->pgno;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  rc = sqlite3BtreeInitPage(pPage, pPage->pParent);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    goto set_child_ptrmaps_out;
  }
  nCell = pPage->nCell;

  for(i=0; i<nCell; i++){
    u8 *pCell = findCell(pPage, i);

    rc = ptrmapPutOvflPtr(pPage, pCell);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      goto set_child_ptrmaps_out;
    }

    if( !pPage->leaf ){
      Pgno childPgno = get4byte(pCell);
      rc = ptrmapPut(pBt, childPgno, PTRMAP_BTREE, pgno);
       if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto set_child_ptrmaps_out;
    }
  }

  if( !pPage->leaf ){
    Pgno childPgno = get4byte(&pPage->aData[pPage->hdrOffset+8]);
    rc = ptrmapPut(pBt, childPgno, PTRMAP_BTREE, pgno);
  }

set_child_ptrmaps_out:
  pPage->isInit = isInitOrig;
  return rc;
}

/*
** Somewhere on pPage, which is guarenteed to be a btree page, not an overflow
** page, is a pointer to page iFrom. Modify this pointer so that it points to
** iTo. Parameter eType describes the type of pointer to be modified, as 
** follows:

**
** PTRMAP_BTREE:     pPage is a btree-page. The pointer points at a child 
**                   page of pPage.
**
** PTRMAP_OVERFLOW1: pPage is a btree-page. The pointer points at an overflow
**                   page pointed to by one of the cells on pPage.
**
** PTRMAP_OVERFLOW2: pPage is an overflow-page. The pointer points at the next
**                   overflow page in the list.
*/
static int modifyPagePointer(MemPage *pPage, Pgno iFrom, Pgno iTo, u8 eType){
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );

  if( eType==PTRMAP_OVERFLOW2 ){
    /* The pointer is always the first 4 bytes of the page in this case.  */
    if( get4byte(pPage->aData)!=iFrom ){
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }
    put4byte(pPage->aData, iTo);
  }else{
    int isInitOrig = pPage->isInit;
    int i;
    int nCell;

    sqlite3BtreeInitPage(pPage, 0);
    nCell = pPage->nCell;

    for(i=0; i<nCell; i++){
      u8 *pCell = findCell(pPage, i);
      if( eType==PTRMAP_OVERFLOW1 ){
        CellInfo info;
        sqlite3BtreeParseCellPtr(pPage, pCell, &info);
        if( info.iOverflow ){
          if( iFrom==get4byte(&pCell[info.iOverflow]) ){
            put4byte(&pCell[info.iOverflow], iTo);
            break;
          }
        }
      }else{
................................................................................
  return SQLITE_OK;
}


/*
** Move the open database page pDbPage to location iFreePage in the 
** database. The pDbPage reference remains valid.





*/
static int relocatePage(
  BtShared *pBt,           /* Btree */
  MemPage *pDbPage,        /* Open page to move */
  u8 eType,                /* Pointer map 'type' entry for pDbPage */
  Pgno iPtrPage,           /* Pointer map 'page-no' entry for pDbPage */
  Pgno iFreePage,          /* The location to move pDbPage to */
  int isCommit
){
  MemPage *pPtrPage;   /* The page that contains a pointer to pDbPage */
  Pgno iDbPage = pDbPage->pgno;
  Pager *pPager = pBt->pPager;
  int rc;

  assert( eType==PTRMAP_OVERFLOW2 || eType==PTRMAP_OVERFLOW1 || 
................................................................................
    rc = setChildPtrmaps(pDbPage);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      return rc;
    }
  }else{
    Pgno nextOvfl = get4byte(pDbPage->aData);
    if( nextOvfl!=0 ){
      rc = ptrmapPut(pBt, nextOvfl, PTRMAP_OVERFLOW2, iFreePage);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        return rc;
      }
    }
  }

  /* Fix the database pointer on page iPtrPage that pointed at iDbPage so
  ** that it points at iFreePage. Also fix the pointer map entry for
  ** iPtrPage.
  */
  if( eType!=PTRMAP_ROOTPAGE ){
    rc = sqlite3BtreeGetPage(pBt, iPtrPage, &pPtrPage, 0);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      return rc;
    }
    rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPtrPage->pDbPage);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      releasePage(pPtrPage);
      return rc;
    }
    rc = modifyPagePointer(pPtrPage, iDbPage, iFreePage, eType);
    releasePage(pPtrPage);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = ptrmapPut(pBt, iFreePage, eType, iPtrPage);
    }
  }
  return rc;
}

/* Forward declaration required by incrVacuumStep(). */
static int allocateBtreePage(BtShared *, MemPage **, Pgno *, Pgno, u8);
................................................................................
** return SQLITE_OK. If there is no work to do (and therefore no
** point in calling this function again), return SQLITE_DONE.
**
** More specificly, this function attempts to re-organize the 
** database so that the last page of the file currently in use
** is no longer in use.
**
** If the nFin parameter is non-zero, the implementation assumes
** that the caller will keep calling incrVacuumStep() until
** it returns SQLITE_DONE or an error, and that nFin is the
** number of pages the database file will contain after this 
** process is complete.



*/
static int incrVacuumStep(BtShared *pBt, Pgno nFin){
  Pgno iLastPg;             /* Last page in the database */
  Pgno nFreeList;           /* Number of pages still on the free-list */


  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  iLastPg = pBt->nTrunc;
  if( iLastPg==0 ){
    iLastPg = pagerPagecount(pBt->pPager);
  }

  if( !PTRMAP_ISPAGE(pBt, iLastPg) && iLastPg!=PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) ){
    int rc;
    u8 eType;
    Pgno iPtrPage;

    nFreeList = get4byte(&pBt->pPage1->aData[36]);
    if( nFreeList==0 || nFin==iLastPg ){
      return SQLITE_DONE;
    }

    rc = ptrmapGet(pBt, iLastPg, &eType, &iPtrPage);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      return rc;
    }
................................................................................
        assert( iFreePg==iLastPg );
        releasePage(pFreePg);
      }
    } else {
      Pgno iFreePg;             /* Index of free page to move pLastPg to */
      MemPage *pLastPg;

      rc = sqlite3BtreeGetPage(pBt, iLastPg, &pLastPg, 0);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        return rc;
      }

      /* If nFin is zero, this loop runs exactly once and page pLastPg
      ** is swapped with the first free page pulled off the free list.
      **
................................................................................
      releasePage(pLastPg);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        return rc;
      }
    }
  }


  pBt->nTrunc = iLastPg - 1;
  while( pBt->nTrunc==PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt)||PTRMAP_ISPAGE(pBt, pBt->nTrunc) ){
    pBt->nTrunc--;
















  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** A write-transaction must be opened before calling this function.
** It performs a single unit of work towards an incremental vacuum.
**
** If the incremental vacuum is finished after this function has run,
** SQLITE_DONE is returned. If it is not finished, but no error occured,
** SQLITE_OK is returned. Otherwise an SQLite error code. 
*/
int sqlite3BtreeIncrVacuum(Btree *p){
  int rc;
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;

  sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);
  pBt->db = p->db;
  assert( pBt->inTransaction==TRANS_WRITE && p->inTrans==TRANS_WRITE );
  if( !pBt->autoVacuum ){
    rc = SQLITE_DONE;
  }else{
    invalidateAllOverflowCache(pBt);
    rc = incrVacuumStep(pBt, 0);




  }
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  return rc;
}

/*
** This routine is called prior to sqlite3PagerCommit when a transaction
................................................................................
** is commited for an auto-vacuum database.
**
** If SQLITE_OK is returned, then *pnTrunc is set to the number of pages
** the database file should be truncated to during the commit process. 
** i.e. the database has been reorganized so that only the first *pnTrunc
** pages are in use.
*/
static int autoVacuumCommit(BtShared *pBt, Pgno *pnTrunc){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  Pager *pPager = pBt->pPager;
#ifndef NDEBUG
  int nRef = sqlite3PagerRefcount(pPager);
#endif

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  invalidateAllOverflowCache(pBt);
  assert(pBt->autoVacuum);
  if( !pBt->incrVacuum ){


    Pgno nFin = 0;




    if( pBt->nTrunc==0 ){
      Pgno nFree;
      Pgno nPtrmap;
      const int pgsz = pBt->pageSize;
      int nOrig = pagerPagecount(pBt->pPager);

      if( PTRMAP_ISPAGE(pBt, nOrig) ){




        return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      }
      if( nOrig==PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) ){
        nOrig--;
      }
      nFree = get4byte(&pBt->pPage1->aData[36]);

      nPtrmap = (nFree-nOrig+PTRMAP_PAGENO(pBt, nOrig)+pgsz/5)/(pgsz/5);
      nFin = nOrig - nFree - nPtrmap;
      if( nOrig>PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) && nFin<=PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) ){
        nFin--;
      }
      while( PTRMAP_ISPAGE(pBt, nFin) || nFin==PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) ){
        nFin--;
      }

    }

    while( rc==SQLITE_OK ){

      rc = incrVacuumStep(pBt, nFin);
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_DONE ){
      assert(nFin==0 || pBt->nTrunc==0 || nFin<=pBt->nTrunc);
      rc = SQLITE_OK;
      if( pBt->nTrunc && nFin ){
        rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pBt->pPage1->pDbPage);
        put4byte(&pBt->pPage1->aData[32], 0);
        put4byte(&pBt->pPage1->aData[36], 0);


        pBt->nTrunc = nFin;
      }
    }
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      sqlite3PagerRollback(pPager);
    }
  }

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    *pnTrunc = pBt->nTrunc;
    pBt->nTrunc = 0;
  }
  assert( nRef==sqlite3PagerRefcount(pPager) );
  return rc;
}



#endif

/*
** This routine does the first phase of a two-phase commit.  This routine
** causes a rollback journal to be created (if it does not already exist)
** and populated with enough information so that if a power loss occurs
** the database can be restored to its original state by playing back
** the journal.  Then the contents of the journal are flushed out to
** the disk.  After the journal is safely on oxide, the changes to the
** database are written into the database file and flushed to oxide.
** At the end of this call, the rollback journal still exists on the
** disk and we are still holding all locks, so the transaction has not
** committed.  See sqlite3BtreeCommit() for the second phase of the
** commit process.
**
** This call is a no-op if no write-transaction is currently active on pBt.
**
** Otherwise, sync the database file for the btree pBt. zMaster points to
** the name of a master journal file that should be written into the
** individual journal file, or is NULL, indicating no master journal file 
................................................................................
** Once this is routine has returned, the only thing required to commit
** the write-transaction for this database file is to delete the journal.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeCommitPhaseOne(Btree *p, const char *zMaster){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  if( p->inTrans==TRANS_WRITE ){
    BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
    Pgno nTrunc = 0;
    sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);
    pBt->db = p->db;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
    if( pBt->autoVacuum ){
      rc = autoVacuumCommit(pBt, &nTrunc); 
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
        return rc;
      }
    }
#endif
    rc = sqlite3PagerCommitPhaseOne(pBt->pPager, zMaster, nTrunc, 0);
    sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*





































** Commit the transaction currently in progress.
**
** This routine implements the second phase of a 2-phase commit.  The
** sqlite3BtreeSync() routine does the first phase and should be invoked
** prior to calling this routine.  The sqlite3BtreeSync() routine did
** all the work of writing information out to disk and flushing the
** contents so that they are written onto the disk platter.  All this
** routine has to do is delete or truncate the rollback journal
** (which causes the transaction to commit) and drop locks.

**
** This will release the write lock on the database file.  If there
** are no active cursors, it also releases the read lock.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeCommitPhaseTwo(Btree *p){
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;


  sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);
  pBt->db = p->db;
  btreeIntegrity(p);

  /* If the handle has a write-transaction open, commit the shared-btrees 
  ** transaction and set the shared state to TRANS_READ.
  */
  if( p->inTrans==TRANS_WRITE ){
    int rc;

    assert( pBt->inTransaction==TRANS_WRITE );
    assert( pBt->nTransaction>0 );
    rc = sqlite3PagerCommitPhaseTwo(pBt->pPager);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
      return rc;
    }
    pBt->inTransaction = TRANS_READ;
    pBt->inStmt = 0;
  }
  unlockAllTables(p);

  /* If the handle has any kind of transaction open, decrement the transaction
  ** count of the shared btree. If the transaction count reaches 0, set
  ** the shared state to TRANS_NONE. The unlockBtreeIfUnused() call below
  ** will unlock the pager.
  */
  if( p->inTrans!=TRANS_NONE ){
    pBt->nTransaction--;
    if( 0==pBt->nTransaction ){
      pBt->inTransaction = TRANS_NONE;
    }
  }

  /* Set the handles current transaction state to TRANS_NONE and unlock
  ** the pager if this call closed the only read or write transaction.
  */
  p->inTrans = TRANS_NONE;
  unlockBtreeIfUnused(pBt);

  btreeIntegrity(p);
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Do both phases of a commit.
*/
................................................................................
** save the state of the cursor.  The cursor must be
** invalidated.
*/
void sqlite3BtreeTripAllCursors(Btree *pBtree, int errCode){
  BtCursor *p;
  sqlite3BtreeEnter(pBtree);
  for(p=pBtree->pBt->pCursor; p; p=p->pNext){

    clearCursorPosition(p);
    p->eState = CURSOR_FAULT;
    p->skip = errCode;




  }
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(pBtree);
}

/*
** Rollback the transaction in progress.  All cursors will be
** invalided by this operation.  Any attempt to use a cursor
................................................................................
*/
int sqlite3BtreeRollback(Btree *p){
  int rc;
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
  MemPage *pPage1;

  sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);
  pBt->db = p->db;
  rc = saveAllCursors(pBt, 0, 0);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    /* This is a horrible situation. An IO or malloc() error occured whilst
    ** trying to save cursor positions. If this is an automatic rollback (as
    ** the result of a constraint, malloc() failure or IO error) then 
    ** the cache may be internally inconsistent (not contain valid trees) so
    ** we cannot simply return the error to the caller. Instead, abort 
    ** all queries that may be using any of the cursors that failed to save.
    */
    sqlite3BtreeTripAllCursors(p, rc);
  }
#endif
  btreeIntegrity(p);
  unlockAllTables(p);

  if( p->inTrans==TRANS_WRITE ){
    int rc2;

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
    pBt->nTrunc = 0;
#endif

    assert( TRANS_WRITE==pBt->inTransaction );
    rc2 = sqlite3PagerRollback(pBt->pPager);
    if( rc2!=SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = rc2;
    }

    /* The rollback may have destroyed the pPage1->aData value.  So
    ** call sqlite3BtreeGetPage() on page 1 again to make
    ** sure pPage1->aData is set correctly. */
    if( sqlite3BtreeGetPage(pBt, 1, &pPage1, 0)==SQLITE_OK ){





      releasePage(pPage1);
    }
    assert( countWriteCursors(pBt)==0 );
    pBt->inTransaction = TRANS_READ;
  }

  if( p->inTrans!=TRANS_NONE ){
    assert( pBt->nTransaction>0 );
    pBt->nTransaction--;
    if( 0==pBt->nTransaction ){
      pBt->inTransaction = TRANS_NONE;
    }
  }

  p->inTrans = TRANS_NONE;
  pBt->inStmt = 0;
  unlockBtreeIfUnused(pBt);

  btreeIntegrity(p);
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Start a statement subtransaction.  The subtransaction can
** can be rolled back independently of the main transaction.
** You must start a transaction before starting a subtransaction.
** The subtransaction is ended automatically if the main transaction
** commits or rolls back.
**
** Only one subtransaction may be active at a time.  It is an error to try
** to start a new subtransaction if another subtransaction is already active.
**
** Statement subtransactions are used around individual SQL statements
** that are contained within a BEGIN...COMMIT block.  If a constraint
** error occurs within the statement, the effect of that one statement
** can be rolled back without having to rollback the entire transaction.







*/
int sqlite3BtreeBeginStmt(Btree *p){
  int rc;
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
  sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);
  pBt->db = p->db;
  if( (p->inTrans!=TRANS_WRITE) || pBt->inStmt ){
    rc = pBt->readOnly ? SQLITE_READONLY : SQLITE_ERROR;
  }else{




    assert( pBt->inTransaction==TRANS_WRITE );
    rc = pBt->readOnly ? SQLITE_OK : sqlite3PagerStmtBegin(pBt->pPager);
    pBt->inStmt = 1;
  }
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  return rc;
}



/*
** Commit the statment subtransaction currently in progress.  If no
** subtransaction is active, this is a no-op.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeCommitStmt(Btree *p){
  int rc;
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
  sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);
  pBt->db = p->db;
  if( pBt->inStmt && !pBt->readOnly ){
    rc = sqlite3PagerStmtCommit(pBt->pPager);
  }else{
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }
  pBt->inStmt = 0;
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Rollback the active statement subtransaction.  If no subtransaction
** is active this routine is a no-op.




**
** All cursors will be invalidated by this operation.  Any attempt
** to use a cursor that was open at the beginning of this operation
** will result in an error.





*/
int sqlite3BtreeRollbackStmt(Btree *p){

  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;


  sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);
  pBt->db = p->db;
  if( pBt->inStmt && !pBt->readOnly ){
    rc = sqlite3PagerStmtRollback(pBt->pPager);





    pBt->inStmt = 0;



  }
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);

  return rc;
}

/*
** Create a new cursor for the BTree whose root is on the page
** iTable.  The act of acquiring a cursor gets a read lock on 
** the database file.


**
** If wrFlag==0, then the cursor can only be used for reading.
** If wrFlag==1, then the cursor can be used for reading or for
** writing if other conditions for writing are also met.  These
** are the conditions that must be met in order for writing to
** be allowed:
**
................................................................................
** 3:  The database must be writable (not on read-only media)
**
** 4:  There must be an active transaction.
**
** No checking is done to make sure that page iTable really is the
** root page of a b-tree.  If it is not, then the cursor acquired
** will not work correctly.



*/
static int btreeCursor(
  Btree *p,                              /* The btree */
  int iTable,                            /* Root page of table to open */
  int wrFlag,                            /* 1 to write. 0 read-only */
  struct KeyInfo *pKeyInfo,              /* First arg to comparison function */
  BtCursor *pCur                         /* Space for new cursor */
){
  int rc;
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;

  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(p) );
  if( wrFlag ){
    if( pBt->readOnly ){
      return SQLITE_READONLY;
    }
    if( checkReadLocks(p, iTable, 0, 0) ){
      return SQLITE_LOCKED;
    }
  }

  if( pBt->pPage1==0 ){
    rc = lockBtreeWithRetry(p);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      return rc;
    }
    if( pBt->readOnly && wrFlag ){
      return SQLITE_READONLY;
    }
  }
  pCur->pgnoRoot = (Pgno)iTable;
  if( iTable==1 && pagerPagecount(pBt->pPager)==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_EMPTY;
    goto create_cursor_exception;
  }
  rc = getAndInitPage(pBt, pCur->pgnoRoot, &pCur->pPage, 0);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    goto create_cursor_exception;
  }

  /* Now that no other errors can occur, finish filling in the BtCursor
  ** variables, link the cursor into the BtShared list and set *ppCur (the
  ** output argument to this function).
  */
  pCur->pKeyInfo = pKeyInfo;
  pCur->pBtree = p;
  pCur->pBt = pBt;
  pCur->wrFlag = wrFlag;
  pCur->pNext = pBt->pCursor;
  if( pCur->pNext ){
    pCur->pNext->pPrev = pCur;
  }
  pBt->pCursor = pCur;
  pCur->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;


  return SQLITE_OK;

create_cursor_exception:
  releasePage(pCur->pPage);
  unlockBtreeIfUnused(pBt);
  return rc;
}
int sqlite3BtreeCursor(
  Btree *p,                                   /* The btree */
  int iTable,                                 /* Root page of table to open */
  int wrFlag,                                 /* 1 to write. 0 read-only */
  struct KeyInfo *pKeyInfo,                   /* First arg to xCompare() */
  BtCursor *pCur                              /* Write new cursor here */
){
  int rc;
  sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);
  p->pBt->db = p->db;
  rc = btreeCursor(p, iTable, wrFlag, pKeyInfo, pCur);
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  return rc;
}









int sqlite3BtreeCursorSize(){
  return sizeof(BtCursor);
}











































/*
** Close a cursor.  The read lock on the database file is released
** when the last cursor is closed.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeCloseCursor(BtCursor *pCur){
  Btree *pBtree = pCur->pBtree;
  if( pBtree ){

    BtShared *pBt = pCur->pBt;
    sqlite3BtreeEnter(pBtree);
    pBt->db = pBtree->db;
    clearCursorPosition(pCur);
    if( pCur->pPrev ){
      pCur->pPrev->pNext = pCur->pNext;
    }else{
      pBt->pCursor = pCur->pNext;
    }
    if( pCur->pNext ){
      pCur->pNext->pPrev = pCur->pPrev;
    }

    releasePage(pCur->pPage);

    unlockBtreeIfUnused(pBt);
    invalidateOverflowCache(pCur);
    /* sqlite3_free(pCur); */
    sqlite3BtreeLeave(pBtree);
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Make a temporary cursor by filling in the fields of pTempCur.
** The temporary cursor is not on the cursor list for the Btree.
*/
void sqlite3BtreeGetTempCursor(BtCursor *pCur, BtCursor *pTempCur){
  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  memcpy(pTempCur, pCur, sizeof(*pCur));
  pTempCur->pNext = 0;
  pTempCur->pPrev = 0;
  if( pTempCur->pPage ){
    sqlite3PagerRef(pTempCur->pPage->pDbPage);
  }
}

/*
** Delete a temporary cursor such as was made by the CreateTemporaryCursor()
** function above.
*/
void sqlite3BtreeReleaseTempCursor(BtCursor *pCur){
  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  if( pCur->pPage ){
    sqlite3PagerUnref(pCur->pPage->pDbPage);
  }
}

/*
** Make sure the BtCursor* given in the argument has a valid
** BtCursor.info structure.  If it is not already valid, call
** sqlite3BtreeParseCell() to fill it in.
**
** BtCursor.info is a cache of the information in the current cell.
** Using this cache reduces the number of calls to sqlite3BtreeParseCell().
**
** 2007-06-25:  There is a bug in some versions of MSVC that cause the
** compiler to crash when getCellInfo() is implemented as a macro.
** But there is a measureable speed advantage to using the macro on gcc
** (when less compiler optimizations like -Os or -O0 are used and the
** compiler is not doing agressive inlining.)  So we use a real function
** for MSVC and a macro for everything else.  Ticket #2457.
*/
#ifndef NDEBUG
  static void assertCellInfo(BtCursor *pCur){
    CellInfo info;

    memset(&info, 0, sizeof(info));
    sqlite3BtreeParseCell(pCur->pPage, pCur->idx, &info);

    assert( memcmp(&info, &pCur->info, sizeof(info))==0 );
  }
#else
  #define assertCellInfo(x)
#endif
#ifdef _MSC_VER
  /* Use a real function in MSVC to work around bugs in that compiler. */
  static void getCellInfo(BtCursor *pCur){
    if( pCur->info.nSize==0 ){
      sqlite3BtreeParseCell(pCur->pPage, pCur->idx, &pCur->info);

      pCur->validNKey = 1;
    }else{
      assertCellInfo(pCur);
    }
  }
#else /* if not _MSC_VER */
  /* Use a macro in all other compilers so that the function is inlined */
#define getCellInfo(pCur)                                               \
  if( pCur->info.nSize==0 ){                                            \
    sqlite3BtreeParseCell(pCur->pPage, pCur->idx, &pCur->info);         \

    pCur->validNKey = 1;                                                \
  }else{                                                                \
    assertCellInfo(pCur);                                               \
  }
#endif /* _MSC_VER */












/*
** Set *pSize to the size of the buffer needed to hold the value of
** the key for the current entry.  If the cursor is not pointing
** to a valid entry, *pSize is set to 0. 
**
** For a table with the INTKEY flag set, this routine returns the key
** itself, not the number of bytes in the key.




*/
int sqlite3BtreeKeySize(BtCursor *pCur, i64 *pSize){
  int rc;

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  rc = restoreCursorPosition(pCur);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_INVALID || pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
    if( pCur->eState==CURSOR_INVALID ){
      *pSize = 0;
    }else{
      getCellInfo(pCur);
      *pSize = pCur->info.nKey;
    }
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Set *pSize to the number of bytes of data in the entry the
** cursor currently points to.  Always return SQLITE_OK.
** Failure is not possible.  If the cursor is not currently
** pointing to an entry (which can happen, for example, if
** the database is empty) then *pSize is set to 0.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeDataSize(BtCursor *pCur, u32 *pSize){
  int rc;

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  rc = restoreCursorPosition(pCur);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_INVALID || pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
    if( pCur->eState==CURSOR_INVALID ){
      /* Not pointing at a valid entry - set *pSize to 0. */
      *pSize = 0;
    }else{
      getCellInfo(pCur);
      *pSize = pCur->info.nData;
    }
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Given the page number of an overflow page in the database (parameter
** ovfl), this function finds the page number of the next page in the 
** linked list of overflow pages. If possible, it uses the auto-vacuum
** pointer-map data instead of reading the content of page ovfl to do so. 
**
** If an error occurs an SQLite error code is returned. Otherwise:
**
** Unless pPgnoNext is NULL, the page number of the next overflow 
** page in the linked list is written to *pPgnoNext. If page ovfl
** is the last page in its linked list, *pPgnoNext is set to zero. 
**
** If ppPage is not NULL, *ppPage is set to the MemPage* handle
** for page ovfl. The underlying pager page may have been requested
** with the noContent flag set, so the page data accessable via
** this handle may not be trusted.


*/
static int getOverflowPage(
  BtShared *pBt, 
  Pgno ovfl,                   /* Overflow page */
  MemPage **ppPage,            /* OUT: MemPage handle */
  Pgno *pPgnoNext              /* OUT: Next overflow page number */
){
  Pgno next = 0;

  int rc;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  /* One of these must not be NULL. Otherwise, why call this function? */
  assert(ppPage || pPgnoNext);

  /* If pPgnoNext is NULL, then this function is being called to obtain
  ** a MemPage* reference only. No page-data is required in this case.
  */
  if( !pPgnoNext ){
    return sqlite3BtreeGetPage(pBt, ovfl, ppPage, 1);
  }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
  /* Try to find the next page in the overflow list using the
  ** autovacuum pointer-map pages. Guess that the next page in 
  ** the overflow list is page number (ovfl+1). If that guess turns 
  ** out to be wrong, fall back to loading the data of page 
  ** number ovfl to determine the next page number.
................................................................................
    Pgno iGuess = ovfl+1;
    u8 eType;

    while( PTRMAP_ISPAGE(pBt, iGuess) || iGuess==PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) ){
      iGuess++;
    }

    if( iGuess<=pagerPagecount(pBt->pPager) ){
      rc = ptrmapGet(pBt, iGuess, &eType, &pgno);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        return rc;
      }
      if( eType==PTRMAP_OVERFLOW2 && pgno==ovfl ){
        next = iGuess;

      }
    }
  }
#endif

  if( next==0 || ppPage ){
    MemPage *pPage = 0;

    rc = sqlite3BtreeGetPage(pBt, ovfl, &pPage, next!=0);
    assert(rc==SQLITE_OK || pPage==0);
    if( next==0 && rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      next = get4byte(pPage->aData);
    }



    if( ppPage ){
      *ppPage = pPage;
    }else{
      releasePage(pPage);
    }
  }
  *pPgnoNext = next;

  return rc;
}

/*
** Copy data from a buffer to a page, or from a page to a buffer.
**
** pPayload is a pointer to data stored on database page pDbPage.
** If argument eOp is false, then nByte bytes of data are copied
................................................................................
** parameter is 0, this is a read operation (data copied into
** buffer pBuf). If it is non-zero, a write (data copied from
** buffer pBuf).
**
** A total of "amt" bytes are read or written beginning at "offset".
** Data is read to or from the buffer pBuf.
**
** This routine does not make a distinction between key and data.
** It just reads or writes bytes from the payload area.  Data might 
** appear on the main page or be scattered out on multiple overflow 
** pages.
**
** If the BtCursor.isIncrblobHandle flag is set, and the current
** cursor entry uses one or more overflow pages, this function
** allocates space for and lazily popluates the overflow page-list 
** cache array (BtCursor.aOverflow). Subsequent calls use this
** cache to make seeking to the supplied offset more efficient.
**
................................................................................
**
**   * An incremental vacuum,
**   * A commit in auto_vacuum="full" mode,
**   * Creating a table (may require moving an overflow page).
*/
static int accessPayload(
  BtCursor *pCur,      /* Cursor pointing to entry to read from */
  int offset,          /* Begin reading this far into payload */
  int amt,             /* Read this many bytes */
  unsigned char *pBuf, /* Write the bytes into this buffer */ 
  int skipKey,         /* offset begins at data if this is true */
  int eOp              /* zero to read. non-zero to write. */
){
  unsigned char *aPayload;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  u32 nKey;
  int iIdx = 0;
  MemPage *pPage = pCur->pPage;     /* Btree page of current cursor entry */
  BtShared *pBt;                   /* Btree this cursor belongs to */

  assert( pPage );
  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
  assert( pCur->idx>=0 && pCur->idx<pPage->nCell );
  assert( offset>=0 );
  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );

  getCellInfo(pCur);
  aPayload = pCur->info.pCell + pCur->info.nHeader;
  nKey = (pPage->intKey ? 0 : pCur->info.nKey);

  if( skipKey ){
    offset += nKey;
  }
  if( offset+amt > nKey+pCur->info.nData ){


    /* Trying to read or write past the end of the data is an error */
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }

  /* Check if data must be read/written to/from the btree page itself. */
  if( offset<pCur->info.nLocal ){
    int a = amt;
    if( a+offset>pCur->info.nLocal ){
      a = pCur->info.nLocal - offset;
................................................................................
    offset = 0;
    pBuf += a;
    amt -= a;
  }else{
    offset -= pCur->info.nLocal;
  }

  pBt = pCur->pBt;
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && amt>0 ){
    const int ovflSize = pBt->usableSize - 4;  /* Bytes content per ovfl page */
    Pgno nextPage;

    nextPage = get4byte(&aPayload[pCur->info.nLocal]);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_INCRBLOB
    /* If the isIncrblobHandle flag is set and the BtCursor.aOverflow[]
    ** has not been allocated, allocate it now. The array is sized at
................................................................................
    ** page number of the first overflow page is stored in aOverflow[0],
    ** etc. A value of 0 in the aOverflow[] array means "not yet known"
    ** (the cache is lazily populated).
    */
    if( pCur->isIncrblobHandle && !pCur->aOverflow ){
      int nOvfl = (pCur->info.nPayload-pCur->info.nLocal+ovflSize-1)/ovflSize;
      pCur->aOverflow = (Pgno *)sqlite3MallocZero(sizeof(Pgno)*nOvfl);


      if( nOvfl && !pCur->aOverflow ){
        rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
      }
    }

    /* If the overflow page-list cache has been allocated and the
    ** entry for the first required overflow page is valid, skip
    ** directly to it.
................................................................................
  return rc;
}

/*
** Read part of the key associated with cursor pCur.  Exactly
** "amt" bytes will be transfered into pBuf[].  The transfer
** begins at "offset".



**
** Return SQLITE_OK on success or an error code if anything goes
** wrong.  An error is returned if "offset+amt" is larger than
** the available payload.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeKey(BtCursor *pCur, u32 offset, u32 amt, void *pBuf){
  int rc;

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  rc = restoreCursorPosition(pCur);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
    assert( pCur->pPage!=0 );
    if( pCur->pPage->intKey ){
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }
    assert( pCur->pPage->intKey==0 );
    assert( pCur->idx>=0 && pCur->idx<pCur->pPage->nCell );


    rc = accessPayload(pCur, offset, amt, (unsigned char*)pBuf, 0, 0);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Read part of the data associated with cursor pCur.  Exactly
** "amt" bytes will be transfered into pBuf[].  The transfer
** begins at "offset".
**
................................................................................
  }
#endif

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  rc = restoreCursorPosition(pCur);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
    assert( pCur->pPage!=0 );
    assert( pCur->idx>=0 && pCur->idx<pCur->pPage->nCell );
    rc = accessPayload(pCur, offset, amt, pBuf, 1, 0);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Return a pointer to payload information from the entry that the 
** pCur cursor is pointing to.  The pointer is to the beginning of
................................................................................
** into *pAmt.  If *pAmt==0, then the value returned will not be
** a valid pointer.
**
** This routine is an optimization.  It is common for the entire key
** and data to fit on the local page and for there to be no overflow
** pages.  When that is so, this routine can be used to access the
** key and data without making a copy.  If the key and/or data spills
** onto overflow pages, then accessPayload() must be used to reassembly
** the key/data and copy it into a preallocated buffer.
**
** The pointer returned by this routine looks directly into the cached
** page of the database.  The data might change or move the next time
** any btree routine is called.
*/
static const unsigned char *fetchPayload(
................................................................................
  BtCursor *pCur,      /* Cursor pointing to entry to read from */
  int *pAmt,           /* Write the number of available bytes here */
  int skipKey          /* read beginning at data if this is true */
){
  unsigned char *aPayload;
  MemPage *pPage;
  u32 nKey;
  int nLocal;

  assert( pCur!=0 && pCur->pPage!=0 );
  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  pPage = pCur->pPage;
  assert( pCur->idx>=0 && pCur->idx<pPage->nCell );
  getCellInfo(pCur);



  aPayload = pCur->info.pCell;
  aPayload += pCur->info.nHeader;
  if( pPage->intKey ){
    nKey = 0;
  }else{
    nKey = pCur->info.nKey;
  }
  if( skipKey ){
    aPayload += nKey;
    nLocal = pCur->info.nLocal - nKey;
  }else{
    nLocal = pCur->info.nLocal;
    if( nLocal>nKey ){
      nLocal = nKey;
    }
  }
  *pAmt = nLocal;
  return aPayload;
}


/*
................................................................................
** Hence, a mutex on the BtShared should be held prior to calling
** this routine.
**
** These routines is used to get quick access to key and data
** in the common case where no overflow pages are used.
*/
const void *sqlite3BtreeKeyFetch(BtCursor *pCur, int *pAmt){


  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  if( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID ){
    return (const void*)fetchPayload(pCur, pAmt, 0);
  }
  return 0;
}
const void *sqlite3BtreeDataFetch(BtCursor *pCur, int *pAmt){


  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  if( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID ){
    return (const void*)fetchPayload(pCur, pAmt, 1);
  }
  return 0;
}


/*
** Move the cursor down to a new child page.  The newPgno argument is the
** page number of the child page to move to.





*/
static int moveToChild(BtCursor *pCur, u32 newPgno){
  int rc;

  MemPage *pNewPage;
  MemPage *pOldPage;
  BtShared *pBt = pCur->pBt;

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
  rc = getAndInitPage(pBt, newPgno, &pNewPage, pCur->pPage);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  pNewPage->idxParent = pCur->idx;
  pOldPage = pCur->pPage;
  pOldPage->idxShift = 0;
  releasePage(pOldPage);
  pCur->pPage = pNewPage;
  pCur->idx = 0;
  pCur->info.nSize = 0;
  pCur->validNKey = 0;
  if( pNewPage->nCell<1 ){


    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}


/*
** Return true if the page is the virtual root of its table.
**
** The virtual root page is the root page for most tables.  But
** for the table rooted on page 1, sometime the real root page
** is empty except for the right-pointer.  In such cases the
** virtual root page is the page that the right-pointer of page
** 1 is pointing to.
*/

int sqlite3BtreeIsRootPage(MemPage *pPage){
  MemPage *pParent;




  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  pParent = pPage->pParent;
  if( pParent==0 ) return 1;
  if( pParent->pgno>1 ) return 0;
  if( get2byte(&pParent->aData[pParent->hdrOffset+3])==0 ) return 1;
  return 0;
}




/*
** Move the cursor up to the parent page.
**
** pCur->idx is set to the cell index that contains the pointer
** to the page we are coming from.  If we are coming from the
** right-most child page then pCur->idx is set to one more than
** the largest cell index.
*/
void sqlite3BtreeMoveToParent(BtCursor *pCur){
  MemPage *pParent;
  MemPage *pPage;
  int idxParent;

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );




  pPage = pCur->pPage;
  assert( pPage!=0 );
  assert( !sqlite3BtreeIsRootPage(pPage) );
  pParent = pPage->pParent;
  assert( pParent!=0 );
  idxParent = pPage->idxParent;
  sqlite3PagerRef(pParent->pDbPage);
  releasePage(pPage);
  pCur->pPage = pParent;

  pCur->info.nSize = 0;
  pCur->validNKey = 0;
  assert( pParent->idxShift==0 );
  pCur->idx = idxParent;
}

/*
** Move the cursor to the root page


















*/
static int moveToRoot(BtCursor *pCur){
  MemPage *pRoot;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  Btree *p = pCur->pBtree;
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( CURSOR_INVALID < CURSOR_REQUIRESEEK );
  assert( CURSOR_VALID   < CURSOR_REQUIRESEEK );
  assert( CURSOR_FAULT   > CURSOR_REQUIRESEEK );
  if( pCur->eState>=CURSOR_REQUIRESEEK ){
    if( pCur->eState==CURSOR_FAULT ){

      return pCur->skip;
    }
    clearCursorPosition(pCur);

  }
  pRoot = pCur->pPage;
  if( pRoot && pRoot->pgno==pCur->pgnoRoot ){

    assert( pRoot->isInit );





  }else{
    if( 
      SQLITE_OK!=(rc = getAndInitPage(pBt, pCur->pgnoRoot, &pRoot, 0))
    ){

      pCur->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;
      return rc;
    }
    releasePage(pCur->pPage);
    pCur->pPage = pRoot;
  }




















  pCur->idx = 0;
  pCur->info.nSize = 0;
  pCur->atLast = 0;
  pCur->validNKey = 0;

  if( pRoot->nCell==0 && !pRoot->leaf ){
    Pgno subpage;
    assert( pRoot->pgno==1 );
    subpage = get4byte(&pRoot->aData[pRoot->hdrOffset+8]);
    assert( subpage>0 );
    pCur->eState = CURSOR_VALID;
    rc = moveToChild(pCur, subpage);


  }
  pCur->eState = ((pCur->pPage->nCell>0)?CURSOR_VALID:CURSOR_INVALID);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Move the cursor down to the left-most leaf entry beneath the
** entry to which it is currently pointing.
**
................................................................................
static int moveToLeftmost(BtCursor *pCur){
  Pgno pgno;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  MemPage *pPage;

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
  while( rc==SQLITE_OK && !(pPage = pCur->pPage)->leaf ){
    assert( pCur->idx>=0 && pCur->idx<pPage->nCell );
    pgno = get4byte(findCell(pPage, pCur->idx));
    rc = moveToChild(pCur, pgno);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Move the cursor down to the right-most leaf entry beneath the
................................................................................
**
** The right-most entry is the one with the largest key - the last
** key in ascending order.
*/
static int moveToRightmost(BtCursor *pCur){
  Pgno pgno;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  MemPage *pPage;

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
  while( rc==SQLITE_OK && !(pPage = pCur->pPage)->leaf ){
    pgno = get4byte(&pPage->aData[pPage->hdrOffset+8]);
    pCur->idx = pPage->nCell;
    rc = moveToChild(pCur, pgno);
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    pCur->idx = pPage->nCell - 1;
    pCur->info.nSize = 0;
    pCur->validNKey = 0;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* Move the cursor to the first entry in the table.  Return SQLITE_OK
** on success.  Set *pRes to 0 if the cursor actually points to something
** or set *pRes to 1 if the table is empty.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeFirst(BtCursor *pCur, int *pRes){
................................................................................
  int rc;

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCur->pBtree->db->mutex) );
  rc = moveToRoot(pCur);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( pCur->eState==CURSOR_INVALID ){
      assert( pCur->pPage->nCell==0 );
      *pRes = 1;
      rc = SQLITE_OK;
    }else{
      assert( pCur->pPage->nCell>0 );
      *pRes = 0;
      rc = moveToLeftmost(pCur);
    }
  }
  return rc;
}

................................................................................
** or set *pRes to 1 if the table is empty.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeLast(BtCursor *pCur, int *pRes){
  int rc;
 
  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCur->pBtree->db->mutex) );
















  rc = moveToRoot(pCur);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( CURSOR_INVALID==pCur->eState ){
      assert( pCur->pPage->nCell==0 );
      *pRes = 1;
    }else{
      assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
      *pRes = 0;
      rc = moveToRightmost(pCur);
      getCellInfo(pCur);
      pCur->atLast = rc==SQLITE_OK;
    }
  }
  return rc;
}

/* Move the cursor so that it points to an entry near the key 
** specified by pKey/nKey/pUnKey. Return a success code.
**
** For INTKEY tables, only the nKey parameter is used.  pKey 
** and pUnKey must be NULL.  For index tables, either pUnKey
** must point to a key that has already been unpacked, or else
** pKey/nKey describes a blob containing the key.
**
** If an exact match is not found, then the cursor is always
** left pointing at a leaf page which would hold the entry if it
** were present.  The cursor might point to an entry that comes
** before or after the key.
**

** The result of comparing the key with the entry to which the
** cursor is written to *pRes if pRes!=NULL.  The meaning of

** this value is as follows:
**
**     *pRes<0      The cursor is left pointing at an entry that
**                  is smaller than pKey or if the table is empty
**                  and the cursor is therefore left point to nothing.
**
**     *pRes==0     The cursor is left pointing at an entry that
**                  exactly matches pKey.
**
**     *pRes>0      The cursor is left pointing at an entry that
**                  is larger than pKey.
**
*/
int sqlite3BtreeMoveto(
  BtCursor *pCur,        /* The cursor to be moved */
  const void *pKey,      /* The key content for indices.  Not used by tables */
  UnpackedRecord *pUnKey,/* Unpacked version of pKey */
  i64 nKey,              /* Size of pKey.  Or the key for tables */
  int biasRight,         /* If true, bias the search to the high end */
  int *pRes              /* Search result flag */
){
  int rc;
  char aSpace[200];

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCur->pBtree->db->mutex) );



  /* If the cursor is already positioned at the point we are trying
  ** to move to, then just return without doing any work */
  if( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID && pCur->validNKey && pCur->pPage->intKey ){


    if( pCur->info.nKey==nKey ){
      *pRes = 0;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    if( pCur->atLast && pCur->info.nKey<nKey ){
      *pRes = -1;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
  }


  rc = moveToRoot(pCur);
  if( rc ){
    return rc;
  }
  assert( pCur->pPage );
  assert( pCur->pPage->isInit );

  if( pCur->eState==CURSOR_INVALID ){
    *pRes = -1;
    assert( pCur->pPage->nCell==0 );

    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  if( pCur->pPage->intKey ){
    /* We are given an SQL table to search.  The key is the integer
    ** rowid contained in nKey.  pKey and pUnKey should both be NULL */
    assert( pUnKey==0 );
    assert( pKey==0 );
  }else if( pUnKey==0 ){
    /* We are to search an SQL index using a key encoded as a blob.
    ** The blob is found at pKey and is nKey bytes in length.  Unpack
    ** this key so that we can use it. */
    assert( pKey!=0 );
    pUnKey = sqlite3VdbeRecordUnpack(pCur->pKeyInfo, nKey, pKey,
                                   aSpace, sizeof(aSpace));
    if( pUnKey==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }else{
    /* We are to search an SQL index using a key that is already unpacked
    ** and handed to us in pUnKey. */
    assert( pKey==0 );
  }
  for(;;){
    int lwr, upr;
    Pgno chldPg;
    MemPage *pPage = pCur->pPage;
    int c = -1;  /* pRes return if table is empty must be -1 */










    lwr = 0;
    upr = pPage->nCell-1;
    if( !pPage->intKey && pUnKey==0 ){
      rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      goto moveto_finish;
    }
    if( biasRight ){
      pCur->idx = upr;

    }else{
      pCur->idx = (upr+lwr)/2;

    }
    if( lwr<=upr ) for(;;){
      void *pCellKey;
      i64 nCellKey;



      pCur->info.nSize = 0;
      pCur->validNKey = 1;

      if( pPage->intKey ){
        u8 *pCell;
        pCell = findCell(pPage, pCur->idx) + pPage->childPtrSize;
        if( pPage->hasData ){
          u32 dummy;
          pCell += getVarint32(pCell, dummy);
        }
        getVarint(pCell, (u64*)&nCellKey);
        if( nCellKey==nKey ){
          c = 0;
        }else if( nCellKey<nKey ){
          c = -1;
        }else{
          assert( nCellKey>nKey );
          c = +1;
        }


      }else{
        int available;
        pCellKey = (void *)fetchPayload(pCur, &available, 0);
        nCellKey = pCur->info.nKey;
        if( available>=nCellKey ){











          c = sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(nCellKey, pCellKey, pUnKey);






        }else{








          pCellKey = sqlite3Malloc( nCellKey );
          if( pCellKey==0 ){
            rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
            goto moveto_finish;
          }
          rc = sqlite3BtreeKey(pCur, 0, nCellKey, (void *)pCellKey);
          c = sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(nCellKey, pCellKey, pUnKey);
          sqlite3_free(pCellKey);
          if( rc ) goto moveto_finish;



        }
      }
      if( c==0 ){
        pCur->info.nKey = nCellKey;
        if( pPage->intKey && !pPage->leaf ){
          lwr = pCur->idx;
          upr = lwr - 1;
          break;
        }else{
          if( pRes ) *pRes = 0;
          rc = SQLITE_OK;
          goto moveto_finish;
        }
      }
      if( c<0 ){
        lwr = pCur->idx+1;
      }else{
        upr = pCur->idx-1;
      }
      if( lwr>upr ){
        pCur->info.nKey = nCellKey;
        break;
      }
      pCur->idx = (lwr+upr)/2;

    }
    assert( lwr==upr+1 );
    assert( pPage->isInit );
    if( pPage->leaf ){
      chldPg = 0;
    }else if( lwr>=pPage->nCell ){
      chldPg = get4byte(&pPage->aData[pPage->hdrOffset+8]);
    }else{
      chldPg = get4byte(findCell(pPage, lwr));
    }
    if( chldPg==0 ){
      assert( pCur->idx>=0 && pCur->idx<pCur->pPage->nCell );
      if( pRes ) *pRes = c;
      rc = SQLITE_OK;
      goto moveto_finish;
    }
    pCur->idx = lwr;
    pCur->info.nSize = 0;
    pCur->validNKey = 0;
    rc = moveToChild(pCur, chldPg);
    if( rc ) goto moveto_finish;
  }
moveto_finish:
  if( pKey ){
    /* If we created our own unpacked key at the top of this
    ** procedure, then destroy that key before returning. */
    sqlite3VdbeDeleteUnpackedRecord(pUnKey);
  }
  return rc;
}


/*
** Return TRUE if the cursor is not pointing at an entry of the table.
**
................................................................................
  /* TODO: What if the cursor is in CURSOR_REQUIRESEEK but all table entries
  ** have been deleted? This API will need to change to return an error code
  ** as well as the boolean result value.
  */
  return (CURSOR_VALID!=pCur->eState);
}

/*
** Return the database connection handle for a cursor.
*/
sqlite3 *sqlite3BtreeCursorDb(const BtCursor *pCur){
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCur->pBtree->db->mutex) );
  return pCur->pBtree->db;
}

/*
** Advance the cursor to the next entry in the database.  If
** successful then set *pRes=0.  If the cursor
** was already pointing to the last entry in the database before
** this routine was called, then set *pRes=1.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeNext(BtCursor *pCur, int *pRes){
  int rc;

  MemPage *pPage;

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  rc = restoreCursorPosition(pCur);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    return rc;
  }
  assert( pRes!=0 );
  pPage = pCur->pPage;
  if( CURSOR_INVALID==pCur->eState ){
    *pRes = 1;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  if( pCur->skip>0 ){
    pCur->skip = 0;
    *pRes = 0;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  pCur->skip = 0;



  assert( pPage->isInit );
  assert( pCur->idx<pPage->nCell );

  pCur->idx++;
  pCur->info.nSize = 0;
  pCur->validNKey = 0;
  if( pCur->idx>=pPage->nCell ){
    if( !pPage->leaf ){
      rc = moveToChild(pCur, get4byte(&pPage->aData[pPage->hdrOffset+8]));
      if( rc ) return rc;
      rc = moveToLeftmost(pCur);
      *pRes = 0;
      return rc;
    }
    do{
      if( sqlite3BtreeIsRootPage(pPage) ){
        *pRes = 1;
        pCur->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;
        return SQLITE_OK;
      }
      sqlite3BtreeMoveToParent(pCur);
      pPage = pCur->pPage;
    }while( pCur->idx>=pPage->nCell );
    *pRes = 0;
    if( pPage->intKey ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreeNext(pCur, pRes);
    }else{
      rc = SQLITE_OK;
    }
    return rc;
................................................................................
** Step the cursor to the back to the previous entry in the database.  If
** successful then set *pRes=0.  If the cursor
** was already pointing to the first entry in the database before
** this routine was called, then set *pRes=1.
*/
int sqlite3BtreePrevious(BtCursor *pCur, int *pRes){
  int rc;
  Pgno pgno;
  MemPage *pPage;

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  rc = restoreCursorPosition(pCur);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    return rc;
  }
  pCur->atLast = 0;
  if( CURSOR_INVALID==pCur->eState ){
    *pRes = 1;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  if( pCur->skip<0 ){
    pCur->skip = 0;
    *pRes = 0;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  pCur->skip = 0;

  pPage = pCur->pPage;
  assert( pPage->isInit );
  assert( pCur->idx>=0 );
  if( !pPage->leaf ){
    pgno = get4byte( findCell(pPage, pCur->idx) );

    rc = moveToChild(pCur, pgno);
    if( rc ){
      return rc;
    }
    rc = moveToRightmost(pCur);
  }else{
    while( pCur->idx==0 ){
      if( sqlite3BtreeIsRootPage(pPage) ){
        pCur->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;
        *pRes = 1;
        return SQLITE_OK;
      }
      sqlite3BtreeMoveToParent(pCur);
      pPage = pCur->pPage;
    }
    pCur->idx--;
    pCur->info.nSize = 0;
    pCur->validNKey = 0;



    if( pPage->intKey && !pPage->leaf ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreePrevious(pCur, pRes);
    }else{
      rc = SQLITE_OK;
    }
  }
  *pRes = 0;
................................................................................
  MemPage **ppPage, 
  Pgno *pPgno, 
  Pgno nearby,
  u8 exact
){
  MemPage *pPage1;
  int rc;
  int n;     /* Number of pages on the freelist */
  int k;     /* Number of leaves on the trunk of the freelist */
  MemPage *pTrunk = 0;
  MemPage *pPrevTrunk = 0;


  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  pPage1 = pBt->pPage1;

  n = get4byte(&pPage1->aData[36]);




  if( n>0 ){
    /* There are pages on the freelist.  Reuse one of those pages. */
    Pgno iTrunk;
    u8 searchList = 0; /* If the free-list must be searched for 'nearby' */
    
    /* If the 'exact' parameter was true and a query of the pointer-map
    ** shows that the page 'nearby' is somewhere on the free-list, then
    ** the entire-list will be searched for that page.
    */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
    if( exact && nearby<=pagerPagecount(pBt->pPager) ){
      u8 eType;
      assert( nearby>0 );
      assert( pBt->autoVacuum );
      rc = ptrmapGet(pBt, nearby, &eType, 0);
      if( rc ) return rc;
      if( eType==PTRMAP_FREEPAGE ){
        searchList = 1;
................................................................................
    do {
      pPrevTrunk = pTrunk;
      if( pPrevTrunk ){
        iTrunk = get4byte(&pPrevTrunk->aData[0]);
      }else{
        iTrunk = get4byte(&pPage1->aData[32]);
      }




      rc = sqlite3BtreeGetPage(pBt, iTrunk, &pTrunk, 0);

      if( rc ){
        pTrunk = 0;
        goto end_allocate_page;
      }

      k = get4byte(&pTrunk->aData[4]);
      if( k==0 && !searchList ){
................................................................................
          goto end_allocate_page;
        }
        *pPgno = iTrunk;
        memcpy(&pPage1->aData[32], &pTrunk->aData[0], 4);
        *ppPage = pTrunk;
        pTrunk = 0;
        TRACE(("ALLOCATE: %d trunk - %d free pages left\n", *pPgno, n-1));
      }else if( k>pBt->usableSize/4 - 2 ){
        /* Value of k is out of range.  Database corruption */
        rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
        goto end_allocate_page;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
      }else if( searchList && nearby==iTrunk ){
        /* The list is being searched and this trunk page is the page
        ** to allocate, regardless of whether it has leaves.
................................................................................
        if( rc ){
          goto end_allocate_page;
        }
        if( k==0 ){
          if( !pPrevTrunk ){
            memcpy(&pPage1->aData[32], &pTrunk->aData[0], 4);
          }else{




            memcpy(&pPrevTrunk->aData[0], &pTrunk->aData[0], 4);
          }
        }else{
          /* The trunk page is required by the caller but it contains 
          ** pointers to free-list leaves. The first leaf becomes a trunk
          ** page in this case.
          */
          MemPage *pNewTrunk;
          Pgno iNewTrunk = get4byte(&pTrunk->aData[8]);





          rc = sqlite3BtreeGetPage(pBt, iNewTrunk, &pNewTrunk, 0);
          if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
            goto end_allocate_page;
          }
          rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pNewTrunk->pDbPage);
          if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
            releasePage(pNewTrunk);
            goto end_allocate_page;
          }
          memcpy(&pNewTrunk->aData[0], &pTrunk->aData[0], 4);
          put4byte(&pNewTrunk->aData[4], k-1);
          memcpy(&pNewTrunk->aData[8], &pTrunk->aData[12], (k-1)*4);
          releasePage(pNewTrunk);
          if( !pPrevTrunk ){

            put4byte(&pPage1->aData[32], iNewTrunk);
          }else{
            rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPrevTrunk->pDbPage);
            if( rc ){
              goto end_allocate_page;
            }
            put4byte(&pPrevTrunk->aData[0], iNewTrunk);
          }
        }
        pTrunk = 0;
        TRACE(("ALLOCATE: %d trunk - %d free pages left\n", *pPgno, n-1));
#endif
      }else{
        /* Extract a leaf from the trunk */
        int closest;
        Pgno iPage;
        unsigned char *aData = pTrunk->aData;
        rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pTrunk->pDbPage);
        if( rc ){
          goto end_allocate_page;
        }
        if( nearby>0 ){

          int i, dist;
          closest = 0;
          dist = get4byte(&aData[8]) - nearby;
          if( dist<0 ) dist = -dist;
          for(i=1; i<k; i++){
            int d2 = get4byte(&aData[8+i*4]) - nearby;
            if( d2<0 ) d2 = -d2;
            if( d2<dist ){
................................................................................
            }
          }
        }else{
          closest = 0;
        }

        iPage = get4byte(&aData[8+closest*4]);
        if( !searchList || iPage==nearby ){
          int nPage;
          *pPgno = iPage;
          nPage = pagerPagecount(pBt->pPager);
          if( *pPgno>nPage ){
            /* Free page off the end of the file */
            rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
            goto end_allocate_page;
          }




          TRACE(("ALLOCATE: %d was leaf %d of %d on trunk %d"
                 ": %d more free pages\n",
                 *pPgno, closest+1, k, pTrunk->pgno, n-1));
          if( closest<k-1 ){
            memcpy(&aData[8+closest*4], &aData[4+k*4], 4);
          }
          put4byte(&aData[4], k-1);


          rc = sqlite3BtreeGetPage(pBt, *pPgno, ppPage, 1);
          if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
            sqlite3PagerDontRollback((*ppPage)->pDbPage);
            rc = sqlite3PagerWrite((*ppPage)->pDbPage);
            if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
              releasePage(*ppPage);
            }
          }
          searchList = 0;
        }
................................................................................
      }
      releasePage(pPrevTrunk);
      pPrevTrunk = 0;
    }while( searchList );
  }else{
    /* There are no pages on the freelist, so create a new page at the
    ** end of the file */
    int nPage = pagerPagecount(pBt->pPager);
    *pPgno = nPage + 1;



#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
    if( pBt->nTrunc ){
      /* An incr-vacuum has already run within this transaction. So the
      ** page to allocate is not from the physical end of the file, but
      ** at pBt->nTrunc. 
      */
      *pPgno = pBt->nTrunc+1;
      if( *pPgno==PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) ){
        (*pPgno)++;
      }
    }
    if( pBt->autoVacuum && PTRMAP_ISPAGE(pBt, *pPgno) ){
      /* If *pPgno refers to a pointer-map page, allocate two new pages
      ** at the end of the file instead of one. The first allocated page
      ** becomes a new pointer-map page, the second is used by the caller.
      */

      TRACE(("ALLOCATE: %d from end of file (pointer-map page)\n", *pPgno));
      assert( *pPgno!=PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) );
      (*pPgno)++;
      if( *pPgno==PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) ){ (*pPgno)++; }



    }

    if( pBt->nTrunc ){
      pBt->nTrunc = *pPgno;

    }
#endif



    assert( *pPgno!=PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) );
    rc = sqlite3BtreeGetPage(pBt, *pPgno, ppPage, 0);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    rc = sqlite3PagerWrite((*ppPage)->pDbPage);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      releasePage(*ppPage);
    }
    TRACE(("ALLOCATE: %d from end of file\n", *pPgno));
  }

  assert( *pPgno!=PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) );

end_allocate_page:
  releasePage(pTrunk);
  releasePage(pPrevTrunk);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Add a page of the database file to the freelist.
**
** sqlite3PagerUnref() is NOT called for pPage.
*/
static int freePage(MemPage *pPage){
  BtShared *pBt = pPage->pBt;
  MemPage *pPage1 = pBt->pPage1;
  int rc, n, k;

  /* Prepare the page for freeing */
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  assert( pPage->pgno>1 );
  pPage->isInit = 0;
  releasePage(pPage->pParent);
  pPage->pParent = 0;

  /* Increment the free page count on pPage1 */
  rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPage1->pDbPage);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  n = get4byte(&pPage1->aData[36]);
  put4byte(&pPage1->aData[36], n+1);

#ifdef SQLITE_SECURE_DELETE
  /* If the SQLITE_SECURE_DELETE compile-time option is enabled, then
  ** always fully overwrite deleted information with zeros.
  */
  rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPage->pDbPage);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  memset(pPage->aData, 0, pPage->pBt->pageSize);
#endif

  /* If the database supports auto-vacuum, write an entry in the pointer-map
  ** to indicate that the page is free.
  */
  if( ISAUTOVACUUM ){
    rc = ptrmapPut(pBt, pPage->pgno, PTRMAP_FREEPAGE, 0);
    if( rc ) return rc;
  }

  if( n==0 ){
    /* This is the first free page */
    rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPage->pDbPage);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    memset(pPage->aData, 0, 8);
    put4byte(&pPage1->aData[32], pPage->pgno);
    TRACE(("FREE-PAGE: %d first\n", pPage->pgno));
  }else{
    /* Other free pages already exist.  Retrive the first trunk page
    ** of the freelist and find out how many leaves it has. */
    MemPage *pTrunk;
    rc = sqlite3BtreeGetPage(pBt, get4byte(&pPage1->aData[32]), &pTrunk, 0);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    k = get4byte(&pTrunk->aData[4]);
    if( k>=pBt->usableSize/4 - 8 ){
      /* The trunk is full.  Turn the page being freed into a new
      ** trunk page with no leaves.


































      **
      ** Note that the trunk page is not really full until it contains
      ** usableSize/4 - 2 entries, not usableSize/4 - 8 entries as we have
      ** coded.  But due to a coding error in versions of SQLite prior to
      ** 3.6.0, databases with freelist trunk pages holding more than
      ** usableSize/4 - 8 entries will be reported as corrupt.  In order
      ** to maintain backwards compatibility with older versions of SQLite,
      ** we will contain to restrict the number of entries to usableSize/4 - 8
      ** for now.  At some point in the future (once everyone has upgraded
      ** to 3.6.0 or later) we should consider fixing the conditional above
      ** to read "usableSize/4-2" instead of "usableSize/4-8".
      */
      rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPage->pDbPage);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        put4byte(pPage->aData, pTrunk->pgno);
        put4byte(&pPage->aData[4], 0);
        put4byte(&pPage1->aData[32], pPage->pgno);
        TRACE(("FREE-PAGE: %d new trunk page replacing %d\n",
                pPage->pgno, pTrunk->pgno));
      }
    }else if( k<0 ){
      rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT;
    }else{
      /* Add the newly freed page as a leaf on the current trunk */
      rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pTrunk->pDbPage);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        put4byte(&pTrunk->aData[4], k+1);
        put4byte(&pTrunk->aData[8+k*4], pPage->pgno);
#ifndef SQLITE_SECURE_DELETE

        sqlite3PagerDontWrite(pPage->pDbPage);
#endif
      }


      TRACE(("FREE-PAGE: %d leaf on trunk page %d\n",pPage->pgno,pTrunk->pgno));

    }
    releasePage(pTrunk);
  }

























  return rc;





}

/*
** Free any overflow pages associated with the given Cell.
*/
static int clearCell(MemPage *pPage, unsigned char *pCell){
  BtShared *pBt = pPage->pBt;
  CellInfo info;
  Pgno ovflPgno;
  int rc;
  int nOvfl;
  int ovflPageSize;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  sqlite3BtreeParseCellPtr(pPage, pCell, &info);
  if( info.iOverflow==0 ){
    return SQLITE_OK;  /* No overflow pages. Return without doing anything */
  }
  ovflPgno = get4byte(&pCell[info.iOverflow]);

  ovflPageSize = pBt->usableSize - 4;
  nOvfl = (info.nPayload - info.nLocal + ovflPageSize - 1)/ovflPageSize;
  assert( ovflPgno==0 || nOvfl>0 );
  while( nOvfl-- ){

    MemPage *pOvfl;
    if( ovflPgno==0 || ovflPgno>pagerPagecount(pBt->pPager) ){




      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }


    rc = getOverflowPage(pBt, ovflPgno, &pOvfl, (nOvfl==0)?0:&ovflPgno);
    if( rc ) return rc;

















    rc = freePage(pOvfl);



    sqlite3PagerUnref(pOvfl->pDbPage);

    if( rc ) return rc;

  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Create the byte sequence used to represent a cell on page pPage
** and write that byte sequence into pCell[].  Overflow pages are
................................................................................
  BtShared *pBt = pPage->pBt;
  Pgno pgnoOvfl = 0;
  int nHeader;
  CellInfo info;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );






  /* Fill in the header. */
  nHeader = 0;
  if( !pPage->leaf ){
    nHeader += 4;
  }
  if( pPage->hasData ){
    nHeader += putVarint(&pCell[nHeader], nData+nZero);
  }else{
    nData = nZero = 0;
  }
  nHeader += putVarint(&pCell[nHeader], *(u64*)&nKey);
  sqlite3BtreeParseCellPtr(pPage, pCell, &info);
  assert( info.nHeader==nHeader );
  assert( info.nKey==nKey );
  assert( info.nData==nData+nZero );
  
  /* Fill in the payload */
  nPayload = nData + nZero;
  if( pPage->intKey ){
    pSrc = pData;
    nSrc = nData;
    nData = 0;
  }else{



    nPayload += nKey;
    pSrc = pKey;
    nSrc = nKey;
  }
  *pnSize = info.nSize;
  spaceLeft = info.nLocal;
  pPayload = &pCell[nHeader];
  pPrior = &pCell[info.iOverflow];

  while( nPayload>0 ){
    if( spaceLeft==0 ){
      int isExact = 0;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
      Pgno pgnoPtrmap = pgnoOvfl; /* Overflow page pointer-map entry page */
      if( pBt->autoVacuum ){
        do{
          pgnoOvfl++;
        } while( 
          PTRMAP_ISPAGE(pBt, pgnoOvfl) || pgnoOvfl==PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) 
        );
        if( pgnoOvfl>1 ){
          /* isExact = 1; */
        }
      }
#endif
      rc = allocateBtreePage(pBt, &pOvfl, &pgnoOvfl, pgnoOvfl, isExact);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
      /* If the database supports auto-vacuum, and the second or subsequent
      ** overflow page is being allocated, add an entry to the pointer-map
      ** for that page now. 
      **
      ** If this is the first overflow page, then write a partial entry 
      ** to the pointer-map. If we write nothing to this pointer-map slot,
      ** then the optimistic overflow chain processing in clearCell()
      ** may misinterpret the uninitialised values and delete the
      ** wrong pages from the database.
      */
      if( pBt->autoVacuum && rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        u8 eType = (pgnoPtrmap?PTRMAP_OVERFLOW2:PTRMAP_OVERFLOW1);
        rc = ptrmapPut(pBt, pgnoOvfl, eType, pgnoPtrmap);
        if( rc ){
          releasePage(pOvfl);
        }
      }
#endif
      if( rc ){
        releasePage(pToRelease);
        return rc;
      }










      put4byte(pPrior, pgnoOvfl);
      releasePage(pToRelease);
      pToRelease = pOvfl;
      pPrior = pOvfl->aData;
      put4byte(pPrior, 0);
      pPayload = &pOvfl->aData[4];
      spaceLeft = pBt->usableSize - 4;
    }
    n = nPayload;
    if( n>spaceLeft ) n = spaceLeft;










    if( nSrc>0 ){
      if( n>nSrc ) n = nSrc;
      assert( pSrc );
      memcpy(pPayload, pSrc, n);
    }else{
      memset(pPayload, 0, n);
    }
................................................................................
      pSrc = pData;
    }
  }
  releasePage(pToRelease);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}


/*
** Change the MemPage.pParent pointer on the page whose number is
** given in the second argument so that MemPage.pParent holds the
** pointer in the third argument.
**
** If the final argument, updatePtrmap, is non-zero and the database
** is an auto-vacuum database, then the pointer-map entry for pgno
** is updated.
*/
static int reparentPage(
  BtShared *pBt,                /* B-Tree structure */
  Pgno pgno,                    /* Page number of child being adopted */
  MemPage *pNewParent,          /* New parent of pgno */
  int idx,                      /* Index of child page pgno in pNewParent */
  int updatePtrmap              /* If true, update pointer-map for pgno */
){
  MemPage *pThis;
  DbPage *pDbPage;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  assert( pNewParent!=0 );
  if( pgno==0 ) return SQLITE_OK;
  assert( pBt->pPager!=0 );
  pDbPage = sqlite3PagerLookup(pBt->pPager, pgno);
  if( pDbPage ){
    pThis = (MemPage *)sqlite3PagerGetExtra(pDbPage);
    if( pThis->isInit ){
      assert( pThis->aData==sqlite3PagerGetData(pDbPage) );
      if( pThis->pParent!=pNewParent ){
        if( pThis->pParent ) sqlite3PagerUnref(pThis->pParent->pDbPage);
        pThis->pParent = pNewParent;
        sqlite3PagerRef(pNewParent->pDbPage);
      }
      pThis->idxParent = idx;
    }
    sqlite3PagerUnref(pDbPage);
  }

  if( ISAUTOVACUUM && updatePtrmap ){
    return ptrmapPut(pBt, pgno, PTRMAP_BTREE, pNewParent->pgno);
  }

#ifndef NDEBUG
  /* If the updatePtrmap flag was clear, assert that the entry in the
  ** pointer-map is already correct.
  */
  if( ISAUTOVACUUM ){
    pDbPage = sqlite3PagerLookup(pBt->pPager,PTRMAP_PAGENO(pBt,pgno));
    if( pDbPage ){
      u8 eType;
      Pgno ii;
      int rc = ptrmapGet(pBt, pgno, &eType, &ii);
      assert( rc==SQLITE_OK && ii==pNewParent->pgno && eType==PTRMAP_BTREE );
      sqlite3PagerUnref(pDbPage);
    }
  }
#endif

  return SQLITE_OK;
}



/*
** Change the pParent pointer of all children of pPage to point back
** to pPage.
**
** In other words, for every child of pPage, invoke reparentPage()
** to make sure that each child knows that pPage is its parent.
**
** This routine gets called after you memcpy() one page into
** another.
**
** If updatePtrmap is true, then the pointer-map entries for all child
** pages of pPage are updated.
*/
static int reparentChildPages(MemPage *pPage, int updatePtrmap){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  if( !pPage->leaf ){
    int i;
    BtShared *pBt = pPage->pBt;
    Pgno iRight = get4byte(&pPage->aData[pPage->hdrOffset+8]);

    for(i=0; i<pPage->nCell; i++){
      u8 *pCell = findCell(pPage, i);
      rc = reparentPage(pBt, get4byte(pCell), pPage, i, updatePtrmap);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
    }
    rc = reparentPage(pBt, iRight, pPage, i, updatePtrmap);
    pPage->idxShift = 0;
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Remove the i-th cell from pPage.  This routine effects pPage only.
** The cell content is not freed or deallocated.  It is assumed that
** the cell content has been copied someplace else.  This routine just
** removes the reference to the cell from pPage.
**
** "sz" must be the number of bytes in the cell.
*/
static void dropCell(MemPage *pPage, int idx, int sz){
  int i;          /* Loop counter */
  int pc;         /* Offset to cell content of cell being deleted */
  u8 *data;       /* pPage->aData */
  u8 *ptr;        /* Used to move bytes around within data[] */





  assert( idx>=0 && idx<pPage->nCell );
  assert( sz==cellSize(pPage, idx) );
  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pPage->pDbPage) );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  data = pPage->aData;
  ptr = &data[pPage->cellOffset + 2*idx];
  pc = get2byte(ptr);


  assert( pc>10 && pc+sz<=pPage->pBt->usableSize );




  freeSpace(pPage, pc, sz);




  for(i=idx+1; i<pPage->nCell; i++, ptr+=2){
    ptr[0] = ptr[2];
    ptr[1] = ptr[3];
  }
  pPage->nCell--;
  put2byte(&data[pPage->hdrOffset+3], pPage->nCell);
  pPage->nFree += 2;
  pPage->idxShift = 1;
}

/*
** Insert a new cell on pPage at cell index "i".  pCell points to the
** content of the cell.
**
** If the cell content will fit on the page, then put it there.  If it
................................................................................
** pPage->nOverflow is incremented.
**
** If nSkip is non-zero, then do not copy the first nSkip bytes of the
** cell. The caller will overwrite them after this function returns. If
** nSkip is non-zero, then pCell may not point to an invalid memory location 
** (but pCell+nSkip is always valid).
*/
static int insertCell(
  MemPage *pPage,   /* Page into which we are copying */
  int i,            /* New cell becomes the i-th cell of the page */
  u8 *pCell,        /* Content of the new cell */
  int sz,           /* Bytes of content in pCell */
  u8 *pTemp,        /* Temp storage space for pCell, if needed */
  u8 nSkip          /* Do not write the first nSkip bytes of the cell */

){
  int idx;          /* Where to write new cell content in data[] */
  int j;            /* Loop counter */
  int top;          /* First byte of content for any cell in data[] */
  int end;          /* First byte past the last cell pointer in data[] */
  int ins;          /* Index in data[] where new cell pointer is inserted */
  int hdr;          /* Offset into data[] of the page header */
  int cellOffset;   /* Address of first cell pointer in data[] */
  u8 *data;         /* The content of the whole page */
  u8 *ptr;          /* Used for moving information around in data[] */





  assert( i>=0 && i<=pPage->nCell+pPage->nOverflow );
  assert( sz==cellSizePtr(pPage, pCell) );


  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );






  if( pPage->nOverflow || sz+2>pPage->nFree ){
    if( pTemp ){
      memcpy(pTemp+nSkip, pCell+nSkip, sz-nSkip);
      pCell = pTemp;
    }



    j = pPage->nOverflow++;
    assert( j<sizeof(pPage->aOvfl)/sizeof(pPage->aOvfl[0]) );
    pPage->aOvfl[j].pCell = pCell;
    pPage->aOvfl[j].idx = i;
    pPage->nFree = 0;
  }else{
    int rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPage->pDbPage);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){

      return rc;
    }
    assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pPage->pDbPage) );
    data = pPage->aData;
    hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;
    top = get2byte(&data[hdr+5]);
    cellOffset = pPage->cellOffset;
    end = cellOffset + 2*pPage->nCell + 2;
    ins = cellOffset + 2*i;
    if( end > top - sz ){
      defragmentPage(pPage);
      top = get2byte(&data[hdr+5]);
      assert( end + sz <= top );
    }
    idx = allocateSpace(pPage, sz);



    assert( idx>0 );
    assert( end <= get2byte(&data[hdr+5]) );

    pPage->nCell++;
    pPage->nFree -= 2;
    memcpy(&data[idx+nSkip], pCell+nSkip, sz-nSkip);



    for(j=end-2, ptr=&data[j]; j>ins; j-=2, ptr-=2){
      ptr[0] = ptr[-2];
      ptr[1] = ptr[-1];
    }
    put2byte(&data[ins], idx);
    put2byte(&data[hdr+3], pPage->nCell);
    pPage->idxShift = 1;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
    if( pPage->pBt->autoVacuum ){
      /* The cell may contain a pointer to an overflow page. If so, write
      ** the entry for the overflow page into the pointer map.
      */
      CellInfo info;
      sqlite3BtreeParseCellPtr(pPage, pCell, &info);
      assert( (info.nData+(pPage->intKey?0:info.nKey))==info.nPayload );
      if( (info.nData+(pPage->intKey?0:info.nKey))>info.nLocal ){
        Pgno pgnoOvfl = get4byte(&pCell[info.iOverflow]);
        rc = ptrmapPut(pPage->pBt, pgnoOvfl, PTRMAP_OVERFLOW1, pPage->pgno);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
      }
    }
#endif
  }

  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Add a list of cells to a page.  The page should be initially empty.
** The cells are guaranteed to fit on the page.
*/
static void assemblePage(
  MemPage *pPage,   /* The page to be assemblied */
  int nCell,        /* The number of cells to add to this page */
  u8 **apCell,      /* Pointers to cell bodies */
  u16 *aSize        /* Sizes of the cells */
){
  int i;            /* Loop counter */
  int totalSize;    /* Total size of all cells */
  int hdr;          /* Index of page header */
  int cellptr;      /* Address of next cell pointer */
  int cellbody;     /* Address of next cell body */
  u8 *data;         /* Data for the page */

  assert( pPage->nOverflow==0 );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  totalSize = 0;
  for(i=0; i<nCell; i++){
    totalSize += aSize[i];
  }
  assert( totalSize+2*nCell<=pPage->nFree );

  assert( pPage->nCell==0 );


  cellptr = pPage->cellOffset;
  data = pPage->aData;
  hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;
  put2byte(&data[hdr+3], nCell);
  if( nCell ){
    cellbody = allocateSpace(pPage, totalSize);
    assert( cellbody>0 );
    assert( pPage->nFree >= 2*nCell );
    pPage->nFree -= 2*nCell;
    for(i=0; i<nCell; i++){
      put2byte(&data[cellptr], cellbody);
      memcpy(&data[cellbody], apCell[i], aSize[i]);
      cellptr += 2;
      cellbody += aSize[i];
    }
    assert( cellbody==pPage->pBt->usableSize );
  }



  pPage->nCell = nCell;
}

/*
** The following parameters determine how many adjacent pages get involved
** in a balancing operation.  NN is the number of neighbors on either side
** of the page that participate in the balancing operation.  NB is the
** total number of pages that participate, including the target page and
................................................................................
** (to 2 or 3) gives a modest improvement in SELECT and DELETE performance
** in exchange for a larger degradation in INSERT and UPDATE performance.
** The value of NN appears to give the best results overall.
*/
#define NN 1             /* Number of neighbors on either side of pPage */
#define NB (NN*2+1)      /* Total pages involved in the balance */

/* Forward reference */
static int balance(MemPage*, int);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_QUICKBALANCE
/*
** This version of balance() handles the common special case where
** a new entry is being inserted on the extreme right-end of the
** tree, in other words, when the new entry will become the largest
** entry in the tree.
**
** Instead of trying balance the 3 right-most leaf pages, just add
** a new page to the right-hand side and put the one new entry in
** that page.  This leaves the right side of the tree somewhat
** unbalanced.  But odds are that we will be inserting new entries
** at the end soon afterwards so the nearly empty page will quickly
** fill up.  On average.
**
** pPage is the leaf page which is the right-most page in the tree.
** pParent is its parent.  pPage must have a single overflow entry
** which is also the right-most entry on the page.






*/
static int balance_quick(MemPage *pPage, MemPage *pParent){
  int rc;
  MemPage *pNew;
  Pgno pgnoNew;
  u8 *pCell;
  u16 szCell;
  CellInfo info;
  BtShared *pBt = pPage->pBt;
  int parentIdx = pParent->nCell;   /* pParent new divider cell index */
  int parentSize;                   /* Size of new divider cell */
  u8 parentCell[64];                /* Space for the new divider cell */

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );






  /* Allocate a new page. Insert the overflow cell from pPage
  ** into it. Then remove the overflow cell from pPage.


  */
  rc = allocateBtreePage(pBt, &pNew, &pgnoNew, 0, 0);

  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    return rc;
  }

  pCell = pPage->aOvfl[0].pCell;
  szCell = cellSizePtr(pPage, pCell);




  zeroPage(pNew, pPage->aData[0]);
  assemblePage(pNew, 1, &pCell, &szCell);
  pPage->nOverflow = 0;

  /* Set the parent of the newly allocated page to pParent. */
  pNew->pParent = pParent;
  sqlite3PagerRef(pParent->pDbPage);














  /* pPage is currently the right-child of pParent. Change this
  ** so that the right-child is the new page allocated above and
  ** pPage is the next-to-right child. 






  **
  ** Ignore the return value of the call to fillInCell(). fillInCell()
  ** may only return other than SQLITE_OK if it is required to allocate
  ** one or more overflow pages. Since an internal table B-Tree cell 
  ** may never spill over onto an overflow page (it is a maximum of 
  ** 13 bytes in size), it is not neccessary to check the return code.







  **
  ** Similarly, the insertCell() function cannot fail if the page
  ** being inserted into is already writable and the cell does not 
  ** contain an overflow pointer. So ignore this return code too.


























  */







  assert( pPage->nCell>0 );





  pCell = findCell(pPage, pPage->nCell-1);
  sqlite3BtreeParseCellPtr(pPage, pCell, &info);
  fillInCell(pParent, parentCell, 0, info.nKey, 0, 0, 0, &parentSize);
  assert( parentSize<64 );
  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pParent->pDbPage) );
  insertCell(pParent, parentIdx, parentCell, parentSize, 0, 4);
  put4byte(findOverflowCell(pParent,parentIdx), pPage->pgno);
  put4byte(&pParent->aData[pParent->hdrOffset+8], pgnoNew);





  /* If this is an auto-vacuum database, update the pointer map
  ** with entries for the new page, and any pointer from the 
  ** cell on the page to an overflow page.
































  */
  if( ISAUTOVACUUM ){
    rc = ptrmapPut(pBt, pgnoNew, PTRMAP_BTREE, pParent->pgno);

    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = ptrmapPutOvfl(pNew, 0);







    }

















    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      releasePage(pNew);

      return rc;
    }
  }

  /* Release the reference to the new page and balance the parent page,
  ** in case the divider cell inserted caused it to become overfull.


  */
  releasePage(pNew);
  return balance(pParent, 0);


}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_QUICKBALANCE */



/*
** This routine redistributes Cells on pPage and up to NN*2 siblings

** of pPage so that all pages have about the same amount of free space.
** Usually NN siblings on either side of pPage is used in the balancing,
** though more siblings might come from one side if pPage is the first

** or last child of its parent.  If pPage has fewer than 2*NN siblings
** (something which can only happen if pPage is the root page or a 

** child of root) then all available siblings participate in the balancing.
**
** The number of siblings of pPage might be increased or decreased by one or
** two in an effort to keep pages nearly full but not over full. The root page
** is special and is allowed to be nearly empty. If pPage is 
** the root page, then the depth of the tree might be increased
** or decreased by one, as necessary, to keep the root page from being
** overfull or completely empty.
**
** Note that when this routine is called, some of the Cells on pPage
** might not actually be stored in pPage->aData[].  This can happen
** if the page is overfull.  Part of the job of this routine is to
** make sure all Cells for pPage once again fit in pPage->aData[].

**
** In the course of balancing the siblings of pPage, the parent of pPage

** might become overfull or underfull.  If that happens, then this routine
** is called recursively on the parent.


**
** If this routine fails for any reason, it might leave the database
** in a corrupted state.  So if this routine fails, the database should
** be rolled back.












*/
static int balance_nonroot(MemPage *pPage){
  MemPage *pParent;            /* The parent of pPage */





  BtShared *pBt;               /* The whole database */
  int nCell = 0;               /* Number of cells in apCell[] */
  int nMaxCells = 0;           /* Allocated size of apCell, szCell, aFrom. */
  int nOld;                    /* Number of pages in apOld[] */
  int nNew;                    /* Number of pages in apNew[] */
  int nDiv;                    /* Number of cells in apDiv[] */
  int i, j, k;                 /* Loop counters */
  int idx;                     /* Index of pPage in pParent->aCell[] */
  int nxDiv;                   /* Next divider slot in pParent->aCell[] */
  int rc;                      /* The return code */
  int leafCorrection;          /* 4 if pPage is a leaf.  0 if not */
  int leafData;                /* True if pPage is a leaf of a LEAFDATA tree */
  int usableSpace;             /* Bytes in pPage beyond the header */
  int pageFlags;               /* Value of pPage->aData[0] */
  int subtotal;                /* Subtotal of bytes in cells on one page */
  int iSpace1 = 0;             /* First unused byte of aSpace1[] */
  int iSpace2 = 0;             /* First unused byte of aSpace2[] */
  int szScratch;               /* Size of scratch memory requested */
  MemPage *apOld[NB];          /* pPage and up to two siblings */
  Pgno pgnoOld[NB];            /* Page numbers for each page in apOld[] */
  MemPage *apCopy[NB];         /* Private copies of apOld[] pages */
  MemPage *apNew[NB+2];        /* pPage and up to NB siblings after balancing */
  Pgno pgnoNew[NB+2];          /* Page numbers for each page in apNew[] */

  u8 *apDiv[NB];               /* Divider cells in pParent */
  int cntNew[NB+2];            /* Index in aCell[] of cell after i-th page */
  int szNew[NB+2];             /* Combined size of cells place on i-th page */
  u8 **apCell = 0;             /* All cells begin balanced */
  u16 *szCell;                 /* Local size of all cells in apCell[] */
  u8 *aCopy[NB];         /* Space for holding data of apCopy[] */
  u8 *aSpace1;           /* Space for copies of dividers cells before balance */
  u8 *aSpace2 = 0;       /* Space for overflow dividers cells after balance */
  u8 *aFrom = 0;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );

  /* 
  ** Find the parent page.
  */
  assert( pPage->isInit );
  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pPage->pDbPage) || pPage->nOverflow==1 );
  pBt = pPage->pBt;
  pParent = pPage->pParent;
  assert( pParent );
  if( SQLITE_OK!=(rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pParent->pDbPage)) ){
    return rc;
  }

  TRACE(("BALANCE: begin page %d child of %d\n", pPage->pgno, pParent->pgno));

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_QUICKBALANCE
  /*
  ** A special case:  If a new entry has just been inserted into a
  ** table (that is, a btree with integer keys and all data at the leaves)
  ** and the new entry is the right-most entry in the tree (it has the
  ** largest key) then use the special balance_quick() routine for
  ** balancing.  balance_quick() is much faster and results in a tighter
  ** packing of data in the common case.
  */
  if( pPage->leaf &&
      pPage->intKey &&
      pPage->nOverflow==1 &&
      pPage->aOvfl[0].idx==pPage->nCell &&
      pPage->pParent->pgno!=1 &&
      get4byte(&pParent->aData[pParent->hdrOffset+8])==pPage->pgno
  ){
    assert( pPage->intKey );
    /*
    ** TODO: Check the siblings to the left of pPage. It may be that
    ** they are not full and no new page is required.
    */
    return balance_quick(pPage, pParent);
  }
#endif

  if( SQLITE_OK!=(rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPage->pDbPage)) ){
    return rc;
  }

  /*
  ** Find the cell in the parent page whose left child points back
  ** to pPage.  The "idx" variable is the index of that cell.  If pPage
  ** is the rightmost child of pParent then set idx to pParent->nCell 
  */
  if( pParent->idxShift ){
    Pgno pgno;
    pgno = pPage->pgno;
    assert( pgno==sqlite3PagerPagenumber(pPage->pDbPage) );
    for(idx=0; idx<pParent->nCell; idx++){
      if( get4byte(findCell(pParent, idx))==pgno ){
        break;
      }
    }
    assert( idx<pParent->nCell
             || get4byte(&pParent->aData[pParent->hdrOffset+8])==pgno );
  }else{
    idx = pPage->idxParent;
  }

  /*
  ** Initialize variables so that it will be safe to jump
  ** directly to balance_cleanup at any moment.
  */
  nOld = nNew = 0;
  sqlite3PagerRef(pParent->pDbPage);

  /*
  ** Find sibling pages to pPage and the cells in pParent that divide
  ** the siblings.  An attempt is made to find NN siblings on either
  ** side of pPage.  More siblings are taken from one side, however, if
  ** pPage there are fewer than NN siblings on the other side.  If pParent
  ** has NB or fewer children then all children of pParent are taken.
  */
  nxDiv = idx - NN;
  if( nxDiv + NB > pParent->nCell ){
    nxDiv = pParent->nCell - NB + 1;
  }
  if( nxDiv<0 ){
    nxDiv = 0;
  }
  nDiv = 0;
  for(i=0, k=nxDiv; i<NB; i++, k++){
    if( k<pParent->nCell ){
      apDiv[i] = findCell(pParent, k);
      nDiv++;
      assert( !pParent->leaf );
      pgnoOld[i] = get4byte(apDiv[i]);
    }else if( k==pParent->nCell ){
      pgnoOld[i] = get4byte(&pParent->aData[pParent->hdrOffset+8]);
    }else{
      break;
    }
    rc = getAndInitPage(pBt, pgnoOld[i], &apOld[i], pParent);
    if( rc ) goto balance_cleanup;
    apOld[i]->idxParent = k;
    apCopy[i] = 0;
    assert( i==nOld );
    nOld++;
    nMaxCells += 1+apOld[i]->nCell+apOld[i]->nOverflow;
  }

  /* Make nMaxCells a multiple of 4 in order to preserve 8-byte
  ** alignment */
  nMaxCells = (nMaxCells + 3)&~3;

  /*
  ** Allocate space for memory structures
  */

  szScratch =
       nMaxCells*sizeof(u8*)                       /* apCell */
     + nMaxCells*sizeof(u16)                       /* szCell */
     + (ROUND8(sizeof(MemPage))+pBt->pageSize)*NB  /* aCopy */
     + pBt->pageSize                               /* aSpace1 */
     + (ISAUTOVACUUM ? nMaxCells : 0);             /* aFrom */

  apCell = sqlite3ScratchMalloc( szScratch ); 
  if( apCell==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    goto balance_cleanup;
  }
  szCell = (u16*)&apCell[nMaxCells];
  aCopy[0] = (u8*)&szCell[nMaxCells];
  assert( ((aCopy[0] - (u8*)apCell) & 7)==0 ); /* 8-byte alignment required */
  for(i=1; i<NB; i++){
    aCopy[i] = &aCopy[i-1][pBt->pageSize+ROUND8(sizeof(MemPage))];
    assert( ((aCopy[i] - (u8*)apCell) & 7)==0 ); /* 8-byte alignment required */
  }
  aSpace1 = &aCopy[NB-1][pBt->pageSize+ROUND8(sizeof(MemPage))];
  assert( ((aSpace1 - (u8*)apCell) & 7)==0 ); /* 8-byte alignment required */
  if( ISAUTOVACUUM ){
    aFrom = &aSpace1[pBt->pageSize];
  }
  aSpace2 = sqlite3PageMalloc(pBt->pageSize);
  if( aSpace2==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    goto balance_cleanup;
  }
  
  /*
  ** Make copies of the content of pPage and its siblings into aOld[].
  ** The rest of this function will use data from the copies rather
  ** that the original pages since the original pages will be in the
  ** process of being overwritten.
  */
  for(i=0; i<nOld; i++){
    MemPage *p = apCopy[i] = (MemPage*)aCopy[i];
    memcpy(p, apOld[i], sizeof(MemPage));
    p->aData = (void*)&p[1];
    memcpy(p->aData, apOld[i]->aData, pBt->pageSize);
  }

  /*
  ** Load pointers to all cells on sibling pages and the divider cells
  ** into the local apCell[] array.  Make copies of the divider cells
  ** into space obtained form aSpace1[] and remove the the divider Cells
  ** from pParent.
  **
  ** If the siblings are on leaf pages, then the child pointers of the
  ** divider cells are stripped from the cells before they are copied
  ** into aSpace1[].  In this way, all cells in apCell[] are without
  ** child pointers.  If siblings are not leaves, then all cell in
  ** apCell[] include child pointers.  Either way, all cells in apCell[]
  ** are alike.
  **
  ** leafCorrection:  4 if pPage is a leaf.  0 if pPage is not a leaf.
  **       leafData:  1 if pPage holds key+data and pParent holds only keys.
  */
  nCell = 0;
  leafCorrection = pPage->leaf*4;
  leafData = pPage->hasData;
  for(i=0; i<nOld; i++){






    MemPage *pOld = apCopy[i];




    int limit = pOld->nCell+pOld->nOverflow;
    for(j=0; j<limit; j++){
      assert( nCell<nMaxCells );
      apCell[nCell] = findOverflowCell(pOld, j);
      szCell[nCell] = cellSizePtr(pOld, apCell[nCell]);
      if( ISAUTOVACUUM ){
        int a;
        aFrom[nCell] = i;
        for(a=0; a<pOld->nOverflow; a++){
          if( pOld->aOvfl[a].pCell==apCell[nCell] ){
            aFrom[nCell] = 0xFF;
            break;
          }
        }
      }
      nCell++;
    }
    if( i<nOld-1 ){
      u16 sz = cellSizePtr(pParent, apDiv[i]);
      if( leafData ){
        /* With the LEAFDATA flag, pParent cells hold only INTKEYs that
        ** are duplicates of keys on the child pages.  We need to remove
        ** the divider cells from pParent, but the dividers cells are not
        ** added to apCell[] because they are duplicates of child cells.
        */
        dropCell(pParent, nxDiv, sz);
      }else{

        u8 *pTemp;
        assert( nCell<nMaxCells );
        szCell[nCell] = sz;
        pTemp = &aSpace1[iSpace1];
        iSpace1 += sz;
        assert( sz<=pBt->pageSize/4 );
        assert( iSpace1<=pBt->pageSize );
        memcpy(pTemp, apDiv[i], sz);
        apCell[nCell] = pTemp+leafCorrection;
        if( ISAUTOVACUUM ){
          aFrom[nCell] = 0xFF;
        }
        dropCell(pParent, nxDiv, sz);

        szCell[nCell] -= leafCorrection;
        assert( get4byte(pTemp)==pgnoOld[i] );
        if( !pOld->leaf ){
          assert( leafCorrection==0 );

          /* The right pointer of the child page pOld becomes the left
          ** pointer of the divider cell */
          memcpy(apCell[nCell], &pOld->aData[pOld->hdrOffset+8], 4);
        }else{
          assert( leafCorrection==4 );
          if( szCell[nCell]<4 ){
            /* Do not allow any cells smaller than 4 bytes. */
            szCell[nCell] = 4;
          }
        }
        nCell++;
      }
    }
  }

  /*
  ** Figure out the number of pages needed to hold all nCell cells.
  ** Store this number in "k".  Also compute szNew[] which is the total
  ** size of all cells on the i-th page and cntNew[] which is the index
................................................................................
    subtotal += szCell[i] + 2;
    if( subtotal > usableSpace ){
      szNew[k] = subtotal - szCell[i];
      cntNew[k] = i;
      if( leafData ){ i--; }
      subtotal = 0;
      k++;

    }
  }
  szNew[k] = subtotal;
  cntNew[k] = nCell;
  k++;

  /*
................................................................................
      r = cntNew[i-1] - 1;
      d = r + 1 - leafData;
    }
    szNew[i] = szRight;
    szNew[i-1] = szLeft;
  }

  /* Either we found one or more cells (cntnew[0])>0) or we are the
  ** a virtual root page.  A virtual root page is when the real root
  ** page is page 1 and we are the only child of that page.
  */
  assert( cntNew[0]>0 || (pParent->pgno==1 && pParent->nCell==0) );







  /*
  ** Allocate k new pages.  Reuse old pages where possible.
  */
  assert( pPage->pgno>1 );



  pageFlags = pPage->aData[0];
  for(i=0; i<k; i++){
    MemPage *pNew;
    if( i<nOld ){
      pNew = apNew[i] = apOld[i];
      pgnoNew[i] = pgnoOld[i];
      apOld[i] = 0;
      rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pNew->pDbPage);
      nNew++;
      if( rc ) goto balance_cleanup;
    }else{
      assert( i>0 );
      rc = allocateBtreePage(pBt, &pNew, &pgnoNew[i], pgnoNew[i-1], 0);
      if( rc ) goto balance_cleanup;
      apNew[i] = pNew;
      nNew++;








    }
  }

  /* Free any old pages that were not reused as new pages.
  */
  while( i<nOld ){
    rc = freePage(apOld[i]);
    if( rc ) goto balance_cleanup;
    releasePage(apOld[i]);
    apOld[i] = 0;
    i++;
  }

  /*
................................................................................
  ** n is never more than NB (a small constant), that should
  ** not be a problem.
  **
  ** When NB==3, this one optimization makes the database
  ** about 25% faster for large insertions and deletions.
  */
  for(i=0; i<k-1; i++){
    int minV = pgnoNew[i];
    int minI = i;
    for(j=i+1; j<k; j++){
      if( pgnoNew[j]<(unsigned)minV ){
        minI = j;
        minV = pgnoNew[j];
      }
    }
    if( minI>i ){
      int t;
      MemPage *pT;
      t = pgnoNew[i];
      pT = apNew[i];
      pgnoNew[i] = pgnoNew[minI];
      apNew[i] = apNew[minI];
      pgnoNew[minI] = t;
      apNew[minI] = pT;
    }
  }
  TRACE(("BALANCE: old: %d %d %d  new: %d(%d) %d(%d) %d(%d) %d(%d) %d(%d)\n",
    pgnoOld[0], 
    nOld>=2 ? pgnoOld[1] : 0,
    nOld>=3 ? pgnoOld[2] : 0,
    pgnoNew[0], szNew[0],
    nNew>=2 ? pgnoNew[1] : 0, nNew>=2 ? szNew[1] : 0,
    nNew>=3 ? pgnoNew[2] : 0, nNew>=3 ? szNew[2] : 0,
    nNew>=4 ? pgnoNew[3] : 0, nNew>=4 ? szNew[3] : 0,
    nNew>=5 ? pgnoNew[4] : 0, nNew>=5 ? szNew[4] : 0));

  /*
  ** Evenly distribute the data in apCell[] across the new pages.
  ** Insert divider cells into pParent as necessary.
  */
  j = 0;
  for(i=0; i<nNew; i++){
    /* Assemble the new sibling page. */
    MemPage *pNew = apNew[i];
    assert( j<nMaxCells );
    assert( pNew->pgno==pgnoNew[i] );
    zeroPage(pNew, pageFlags);
    assemblePage(pNew, cntNew[i]-j, &apCell[j], &szCell[j]);
    assert( pNew->nCell>0 || (nNew==1 && cntNew[0]==0) );
    assert( pNew->nOverflow==0 );

    /* If this is an auto-vacuum database, update the pointer map entries
    ** that point to the siblings that were rearranged. These can be: left
    ** children of cells, the right-child of the page, or overflow pages
    ** pointed to by cells.
    */
    if( ISAUTOVACUUM ){
      for(k=j; k<cntNew[i]; k++){
        assert( k<nMaxCells );
        if( aFrom[k]==0xFF || apCopy[aFrom[k]]->pgno!=pNew->pgno ){
          rc = ptrmapPutOvfl(pNew, k-j);
          if( rc==SQLITE_OK && leafCorrection==0 ){
            rc = ptrmapPut(pBt, get4byte(apCell[k]), PTRMAP_BTREE, pNew->pgno);
          }
          if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
            goto balance_cleanup;
          }
        }
      }
    }

    j = cntNew[i];

    /* If the sibling page assembled above was not the right-most sibling,
    ** insert a divider cell into the parent page.
    */

    if( i<nNew-1 && j<nCell ){
      u8 *pCell;
      u8 *pTemp;
      int sz;

      assert( j<nMaxCells );
      pCell = apCell[j];
      sz = szCell[j] + leafCorrection;
      pTemp = &aSpace2[iSpace2];
      if( !pNew->leaf ){
        memcpy(&pNew->aData[8], pCell, 4);
        if( ISAUTOVACUUM 
         && (aFrom[j]==0xFF || apCopy[aFrom[j]]->pgno!=pNew->pgno)
        ){
          rc = ptrmapPut(pBt, get4byte(pCell), PTRMAP_BTREE, pNew->pgno);
          if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
            goto balance_cleanup;
          }
        }
      }else if( leafData ){
        /* If the tree is a leaf-data tree, and the siblings are leaves, 
        ** then there is no divider cell in apCell[]. Instead, the divider 
        ** cell consists of the integer key for the right-most cell of 
        ** the sibling-page assembled above only.
        */
        CellInfo info;
        j--;
        sqlite3BtreeParseCellPtr(pNew, apCell[j], &info);
        pCell = pTemp;
        fillInCell(pParent, pCell, 0, info.nKey, 0, 0, 0, &sz);
        pTemp = 0;
      }else{
        pCell -= 4;
        /* Obscure case for non-leaf-data trees: If the cell at pCell was
        ** previously stored on a leaf node, and its reported size was 4
        ** bytes, then it may actually be smaller than this 
        ** (see sqlite3BtreeParseCellPtr(), 4 bytes is the minimum size of
        ** any cell). But it is important to pass the correct size to 
        ** insertCell(), so reparse the cell now.
        **
        ** Note that this can never happen in an SQLite data file, as all
        ** cells are at least 4 bytes. It only happens in b-trees used
        ** to evaluate "IN (SELECT ...)" and similar clauses.
        */
        if( szCell[j]==4 ){
          assert(leafCorrection==4);
          sz = cellSizePtr(pParent, pCell);
        }
      }
      iSpace2 += sz;
      assert( sz<=pBt->pageSize/4 );
      assert( iSpace2<=pBt->pageSize );
      rc = insertCell(pParent, nxDiv, pCell, sz, pTemp, 4);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto balance_cleanup;
      put4byte(findOverflowCell(pParent,nxDiv), pNew->pgno);

      /* If this is an auto-vacuum database, and not a leaf-data tree,
      ** then update the pointer map with an entry for the overflow page
      ** that the cell just inserted points to (if any).
      */
      if( ISAUTOVACUUM && !leafData ){
        rc = ptrmapPutOvfl(pParent, nxDiv);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          goto balance_cleanup;
        }
      }
      j++;
      nxDiv++;
    }

    /* Set the pointer-map entry for the new sibling page. */
    if( ISAUTOVACUUM ){
      rc = ptrmapPut(pBt, pNew->pgno, PTRMAP_BTREE, pParent->pgno);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        goto balance_cleanup;
      }
    }
  }
  assert( j==nCell );
  assert( nOld>0 );
  assert( nNew>0 );
  if( (pageFlags & PTF_LEAF)==0 ){
    u8 *zChild = &apCopy[nOld-1]->aData[8];
    memcpy(&apNew[nNew-1]->aData[8], zChild, 4);























    if( ISAUTOVACUUM ){
      rc = ptrmapPut(pBt, get4byte(zChild), PTRMAP_BTREE, apNew[nNew-1]->pgno);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        goto balance_cleanup;

















































      }

    }
  }
  if( nxDiv==pParent->nCell+pParent->nOverflow ){
    /* Right-most sibling is the right-most child of pParent */
    put4byte(&pParent->aData[pParent->hdrOffset+8], pgnoNew[nNew-1]);
  }else{
    /* Right-most sibling is the left child of the first entry in pParent
    ** past the right-most divider entry */
    put4byte(findOverflowCell(pParent, nxDiv), pgnoNew[nNew-1]);







  }

  /*
  ** Reparent children of all cells.
  */


























  for(i=0; i<nNew; i++){
    rc = reparentChildPages(apNew[i], 0);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto balance_cleanup;


  }
  rc = reparentChildPages(pParent, 0);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto balance_cleanup;

  /*
  ** Balance the parent page.  Note that the current page (pPage) might
  ** have been added to the freelist so it might no longer be initialized.
  ** But the parent page will always be initialized.
  */











  assert( pParent->isInit );
  sqlite3ScratchFree(apCell);
  apCell = 0;
  rc = balance(pParent, 0);


  
  /*
  ** Cleanup before returning.
  */
balance_cleanup:
  sqlite3PageFree(aSpace2);
  sqlite3ScratchFree(apCell);
  for(i=0; i<nOld; i++){
    releasePage(apOld[i]);
  }
  for(i=0; i<nNew; i++){
    releasePage(apNew[i]);
  }
  releasePage(pParent);
  TRACE(("BALANCE: finished with %d: old=%d new=%d cells=%d\n",
          pPage->pgno, nOld, nNew, nCell));

  return rc;
}


/*


** This routine is called for the root page of a btree when the root
** page contains no cells.  This is an opportunity to make the tree
** shallower by one level.


*/
static int balance_shallower(MemPage *pPage){
  MemPage *pChild;             /* The only child page of pPage */
  Pgno pgnoChild;              /* Page number for pChild */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;          /* Return code from subprocedures */
  BtShared *pBt;                  /* The main BTree structure */
  int mxCellPerPage;           /* Maximum number of cells per page */
  u8 **apCell;                 /* All cells from pages being balanced */
  u16 *szCell;                 /* Local size of all cells */

  assert( pPage->pParent==0 );
  assert( pPage->nCell==0 );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  pBt = pPage->pBt;
  mxCellPerPage = MX_CELL(pBt);
  apCell = sqlite3Malloc( mxCellPerPage*(sizeof(u8*)+sizeof(u16)) );
  if( apCell==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  szCell = (u16*)&apCell[mxCellPerPage];
  if( pPage->leaf ){
    /* The table is completely empty */
    TRACE(("BALANCE: empty table %d\n", pPage->pgno));
  }else{
    /* The root page is empty but has one child.  Transfer the
    ** information from that one child into the root page if it 
    ** will fit.  This reduces the depth of the tree by one.
    **
    ** If the root page is page 1, it has less space available than
    ** its child (due to the 100 byte header that occurs at the beginning
    ** of the database fle), so it might not be able to hold all of the 
    ** information currently contained in the child.  If this is the 
    ** case, then do not do the transfer.  Leave page 1 empty except
    ** for the right-pointer to the child page.  The child page becomes
    ** the virtual root of the tree.




    */
    pgnoChild = get4byte(&pPage->aData[pPage->hdrOffset+8]);
    assert( pgnoChild>0 );
    assert( pgnoChild<=pagerPagecount(pPage->pBt->pPager) );
    rc = sqlite3BtreeGetPage(pPage->pBt, pgnoChild, &pChild, 0);
    if( rc ) goto end_shallow_balance;
    if( pPage->pgno==1 ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreeInitPage(pChild, pPage);
      if( rc ) goto end_shallow_balance;
      assert( pChild->nOverflow==0 );
      if( pChild->nFree>=100 ){
        /* The child information will fit on the root page, so do the
        ** copy */
        int i;
        zeroPage(pPage, pChild->aData[0]);
        for(i=0; i<pChild->nCell; i++){
          apCell[i] = findCell(pChild,i);
          szCell[i] = cellSizePtr(pChild, apCell[i]);





        }
        assemblePage(pPage, pChild->nCell, apCell, szCell);
        /* Copy the right-pointer of the child to the parent. */
        put4byte(&pPage->aData[pPage->hdrOffset+8], 
            get4byte(&pChild->aData[pChild->hdrOffset+8]));
        freePage(pChild);
        TRACE(("BALANCE: child %d transfer to page 1\n", pChild->pgno));
      }else{
        /* The child has more information that will fit on the root.
        ** The tree is already balanced.  Do nothing. */
        TRACE(("BALANCE: child %d will not fit on page 1\n", pChild->pgno));


      }
    }else{
      memcpy(pPage->aData, pChild->aData, pPage->pBt->usableSize);
      pPage->isInit = 0;
      pPage->pParent = 0;
      rc = sqlite3BtreeInitPage(pPage, 0);





      assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );
      freePage(pChild);
      TRACE(("BALANCE: transfer child %d into root %d\n",
              pChild->pgno, pPage->pgno));
    }
    rc = reparentChildPages(pPage, 1);
    assert( pPage->nOverflow==0 );


    if( ISAUTOVACUUM ){
      int i;
      for(i=0; i<pPage->nCell; i++){ 
        rc = ptrmapPutOvfl(pPage, i);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          goto end_shallow_balance;

        }
      }
    }


    releasePage(pChild);
  }
end_shallow_balance:
  sqlite3_free(apCell);
  return rc;
}






/*
** The root page is overfull
**
** When this happens, Create a new child page and copy the
** contents of the root into the child.  Then make the root
** page an empty page with rightChild pointing to the new
** child.   Finally, call balance_internal() on the new child
** to cause it to split.
*/
static int balance_deeper(MemPage *pPage){
  int rc;             /* Return value from subprocedures */
  MemPage *pChild;    /* Pointer to a new child page */
  Pgno pgnoChild;     /* Page number of the new child page */
  BtShared *pBt;         /* The BTree */
  int usableSize;     /* Total usable size of a page */
  u8 *data;           /* Content of the parent page */
  u8 *cdata;          /* Content of the child page */
  int hdr;            /* Offset to page header in parent */
  int brk;            /* Offset to content of first cell in parent */

  assert( pPage->pParent==0 );
  assert( pPage->nOverflow>0 );
  pBt = pPage->pBt;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  rc = allocateBtreePage(pBt, &pChild, &pgnoChild, pPage->pgno, 0);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pChild->pDbPage) );
  usableSize = pBt->usableSize;
  data = pPage->aData;
  hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;
  brk = get2byte(&data[hdr+5]);
  cdata = pChild->aData;
  memcpy(cdata, &data[hdr], pPage->cellOffset+2*pPage->nCell-hdr);
  memcpy(&cdata[brk], &data[brk], usableSize-brk);
  if( pChild->isInit ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT;
  rc = sqlite3BtreeInitPage(pChild, pPage);
  if( rc ) goto balancedeeper_out;
  memcpy(pChild->aOvfl, pPage->aOvfl, pPage->nOverflow*sizeof(pPage->aOvfl[0]));
  pChild->nOverflow = pPage->nOverflow;


  if( pChild->nOverflow ){
    pChild->nFree = 0;
  }
  assert( pChild->nCell==pPage->nCell );

  zeroPage(pPage, pChild->aData[0] & ~PTF_LEAF);
  put4byte(&pPage->aData[pPage->hdrOffset+8], pgnoChild);
  TRACE(("BALANCE: copy root %d into %d\n", pPage->pgno, pChild->pgno));
  if( ISAUTOVACUUM ){
    int i;
    rc = ptrmapPut(pBt, pChild->pgno, PTRMAP_BTREE, pPage->pgno);
    if( rc ) goto balancedeeper_out;
    for(i=0; i<pChild->nCell; i++){
      rc = ptrmapPutOvfl(pChild, i);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        goto balancedeeper_out;
      }
    }
    rc = reparentChildPages(pChild, 1);
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = balance_nonroot(pChild);
  }

balancedeeper_out:
  releasePage(pChild);

  return rc;
}

/*
** Decide if the page pPage needs to be balanced.  If balancing is


** required, call the appropriate balancing routine.





*/
static int balance(MemPage *pPage, int insert){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  if( pPage->pParent==0 ){
    rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPage->pDbPage);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pPage->nOverflow>0 ){





      rc = balance_deeper(pPage);
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pPage->nCell==0 ){
      rc = balance_shallower(pPage);



    }
  }else{

    if( pPage->nOverflow>0 || 
        (!insert && pPage->nFree>pPage->pBt->usableSize*2/3) ){






      rc = balance_nonroot(pPage);





    }


  }
  return rc;





}

/*
** This routine checks all cursors that point to table pgnoRoot.
** If any of those cursors were opened with wrFlag==0 in a different
** database connection (a database connection that shares the pager
** cache with the current connection) and that other connection 
** is not in the ReadUncommmitted state, then this routine returns 

** SQLITE_LOCKED.














**
** As well as cursors with wrFlag==0, cursors with wrFlag==1 and 
** isIncrblobHandle==1 are also considered 'read' cursors. Incremental 
** blob cursors are used for both reading and writing.




**
** When pgnoRoot is the root page of an intkey table, this function is also
** responsible for invalidating incremental blob cursors when the table row
** on which they are opened is deleted or modified. Cursors are invalidated
** according to the following rules:










**
**   1) When BtreeClearTable() is called to completely delete the contents
**      of a B-Tree table, pExclude is set to zero and parameter iRow is 
**      set to non-zero. In this case all incremental blob cursors open
**      on the table rooted at pgnoRoot are invalidated.
**
**   2) When BtreeInsert(), BtreeDelete() or BtreePutData() is called to 
**      modify a table row via an SQL statement, pExclude is set to the 
**      write cursor used to do the modification and parameter iRow is set
**      to the integer row id of the B-Tree entry being modified. Unless
**      pExclude is itself an incremental blob cursor, then all incremental
**      blob cursors open on row iRow of the B-Tree are invalidated.
**
**   3) If both pExclude and iRow are set to zero, no incremental blob 
**      cursors are invalidated.










*/
static int checkReadLocks(
  Btree *pBtree, 
  Pgno pgnoRoot, 
  BtCursor *pExclude,
  i64 iRow
){
  BtCursor *p;
  BtShared *pBt = pBtree->pBt;
  sqlite3 *db = pBtree->db;
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(pBtree) );
  for(p=pBt->pCursor; p; p=p->pNext){
    if( p==pExclude ) continue;
    if( p->pgnoRoot!=pgnoRoot ) continue;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_INCRBLOB
    if( p->isIncrblobHandle && ( 
         (!pExclude && iRow)
      || (pExclude && !pExclude->isIncrblobHandle && p->info.nKey==iRow)
    )){
      p->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;








    }
#endif
    if( p->eState!=CURSOR_VALID ) continue;
    if( p->wrFlag==0 
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_INCRBLOB
     || p->isIncrblobHandle
#endif
    ){
      sqlite3 *dbOther = p->pBtree->db;
      if( dbOther==0 ||
         (dbOther!=db && (dbOther->flags & SQLITE_ReadUncommitted)==0) ){
        return SQLITE_LOCKED;
      }




    }
  }












  return SQLITE_OK;
}


/*
** Insert a new record into the BTree.  The key is given by (pKey,nKey)
** and the data is given by (pData,nData).  The cursor is used only to
** define what table the record should be inserted into.  The cursor
** is left pointing at a random location.
**
** For an INTKEY table, only the nKey value of the key is used.  pKey is
** ignored.  For a ZERODATA table, the pData and nData are both ignored.













*/
int sqlite3BtreeInsert(
  BtCursor *pCur,                /* Insert data into the table of this cursor */
  const void *pKey, i64 nKey,    /* The key of the new record */
  const void *pData, int nData,  /* The data of the new record */
  int nZero,                     /* Number of extra 0 bytes to append to data */
  int appendBias                 /* True if this is likely an append */

){
  int rc;

  int loc;
  int szNew;
  MemPage *pPage;
  Btree *p = pCur->pBtree;
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
  unsigned char *oldCell;
  unsigned char *newCell = 0;

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  if( pBt->inTransaction!=TRANS_WRITE ){
    /* Must start a transaction before doing an insert */
    rc = pBt->readOnly ? SQLITE_READONLY : SQLITE_ERROR;
    return rc;
  }


  assert( !pBt->readOnly );
  if( !pCur->wrFlag ){
    return SQLITE_PERM;   /* Cursor not open for writing */
  }

  if( checkReadLocks(pCur->pBtree, pCur->pgnoRoot, pCur, nKey) ){
    return SQLITE_LOCKED; /* The table pCur points to has a read lock */



  }
  if( pCur->eState==CURSOR_FAULT ){
    return pCur->skip;





  }

  /* Save the positions of any other cursors open on this table */
  clearCursorPosition(pCur);
  if( 










    SQLITE_OK!=(rc = saveAllCursors(pBt, pCur->pgnoRoot, pCur)) ||
    SQLITE_OK!=(rc = sqlite3BtreeMoveto(pCur, pKey, 0, nKey, appendBias, &loc))
  ){
    return rc;



  }


  pPage = pCur->pPage;
  assert( pPage->intKey || nKey>=0 );
  assert( pPage->leaf || !pPage->intKey );

  TRACE(("INSERT: table=%d nkey=%lld ndata=%d page=%d %s\n",
          pCur->pgnoRoot, nKey, nData, pPage->pgno,
          loc==0 ? "overwrite" : "new entry"));
  assert( pPage->isInit );
  allocateTempSpace(pBt);
  newCell = pBt->pTmpSpace;
  if( newCell==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  rc = fillInCell(pPage, newCell, pKey, nKey, pData, nData, nZero, &szNew);
  if( rc ) goto end_insert;
  assert( szNew==cellSizePtr(pPage, newCell) );
  assert( szNew<=MX_CELL_SIZE(pBt) );

  if( loc==0 && CURSOR_VALID==pCur->eState ){
    u16 szOld;
    assert( pCur->idx>=0 && pCur->idx<pPage->nCell );
    rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPage->pDbPage);
    if( rc ){
      goto end_insert;
    }
    oldCell = findCell(pPage, pCur->idx);
    if( !pPage->leaf ){
      memcpy(newCell, oldCell, 4);
    }
    szOld = cellSizePtr(pPage, oldCell);
    rc = clearCell(pPage, oldCell);

    if( rc ) goto end_insert;
    dropCell(pPage, pCur->idx, szOld);
  }else if( loc<0 && pPage->nCell>0 ){
    assert( pPage->leaf );
    pCur->idx++;
    pCur->info.nSize = 0;
    pCur->validNKey = 0;
  }else{
    assert( pPage->leaf );
  }
  rc = insertCell(pPage, pCur->idx, newCell, szNew, 0, 0);


  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto end_insert;
  rc = balance(pPage, 1);




















  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    moveToRoot(pCur);
  }









end_insert:
  return rc;
}

/*
** Delete the entry that the cursor is pointing to.  The cursor
** is left pointing at a random location.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeDelete(BtCursor *pCur){
  MemPage *pPage = pCur->pPage;
  unsigned char *pCell;
  int rc;
  Pgno pgnoChild = 0;
  Btree *p = pCur->pBtree;
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( pPage->isInit );
  if( pBt->inTransaction!=TRANS_WRITE ){
    /* Must start a transaction before doing a delete */
    rc = pBt->readOnly ? SQLITE_READONLY : SQLITE_ERROR;
    return rc;
  }
  assert( !pBt->readOnly );
  if( pCur->eState==CURSOR_FAULT ){
    return pCur->skip;
  }
  if( pCur->idx >= pPage->nCell ){
    return SQLITE_ERROR;  /* The cursor is not pointing to anything */
  }
  if( !pCur->wrFlag ){
    return SQLITE_PERM;   /* Did not open this cursor for writing */
  }
  if( checkReadLocks(pCur->pBtree, pCur->pgnoRoot, pCur, pCur->info.nKey) ){
    return SQLITE_LOCKED; /* The table pCur points to has a read lock */
  }

  /* Restore the current cursor position (a no-op if the cursor is not in 
  ** CURSOR_REQUIRESEEK state) and save the positions of any other cursors 
  ** open on the same table. Then call sqlite3PagerWrite() on the page
  ** that the entry will be deleted from.
  */
  if( 
    (rc = restoreCursorPosition(pCur))!=0 ||
    (rc = saveAllCursors(pBt, pCur->pgnoRoot, pCur))!=0 ||
    (rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPage->pDbPage))!=0
  ){
    return rc;
  }

  /* Locate the cell within its page and leave pCell pointing to the
  ** data. The clearCell() call frees any overflow pages associated with the
  ** cell. The cell itself is still intact.
  */
  pCell = findCell(pPage, pCur->idx);
  if( !pPage->leaf ){
    pgnoChild = get4byte(pCell);
  }
  rc = clearCell(pPage, pCell);
  if( rc ){
    return rc;
  }

  if( !pPage->leaf ){
    /*
    ** The entry we are about to delete is not a leaf so if we do not
    ** do something we will leave a hole on an internal page.
    ** We have to fill the hole by moving in a cell from a leaf.  The
    ** next Cell after the one to be deleted is guaranteed to exist and
    ** to be a leaf so we can use it.
    */
    BtCursor leafCur;
    unsigned char *pNext;
    int notUsed;
    unsigned char *tempCell = 0;
    assert( !pPage->intKey );
    sqlite3BtreeGetTempCursor(pCur, &leafCur);
    rc = sqlite3BtreeNext(&leafCur, &notUsed);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(leafCur.pPage->pDbPage);
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      u16 szNext;
      TRACE(("DELETE: table=%d delete internal from %d replace from leaf %d\n",
         pCur->pgnoRoot, pPage->pgno, leafCur.pPage->pgno));
      dropCell(pPage, pCur->idx, cellSizePtr(pPage, pCell));
      pNext = findCell(leafCur.pPage, leafCur.idx);
      szNext = cellSizePtr(leafCur.pPage, pNext);
      assert( MX_CELL_SIZE(pBt)>=szNext+4 );
      allocateTempSpace(pBt);
      tempCell = pBt->pTmpSpace;
      if( tempCell==0 ){
        rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
      }
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        rc = insertCell(pPage, pCur->idx, pNext-4, szNext+4, tempCell, 0);
      }
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        put4byte(findOverflowCell(pPage, pCur->idx), pgnoChild);
        rc = balance(pPage, 0);
      }
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        dropCell(leafCur.pPage, leafCur.idx, szNext);
        rc = balance(leafCur.pPage, 0);
      }
    }
    sqlite3BtreeReleaseTempCursor(&leafCur);
  }else{
    TRACE(("DELETE: table=%d delete from leaf %d\n",
       pCur->pgnoRoot, pPage->pgno));
    dropCell(pPage, pCur->idx, cellSizePtr(pPage, pCell));
    rc = balance(pPage, 0);
  }

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    moveToRoot(pCur);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
................................................................................
** The type of type is determined by the flags parameter.  Only the
** following values of flags are currently in use.  Other values for
** flags might not work:
**
**     BTREE_INTKEY|BTREE_LEAFDATA     Used for SQL tables with rowid keys
**     BTREE_ZERODATA                  Used for SQL indices
*/
static int btreeCreateTable(Btree *p, int *piTable, int flags){
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
  MemPage *pRoot;
  Pgno pgnoRoot;
  int rc;


  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(p) );
  if( pBt->inTransaction!=TRANS_WRITE ){
    /* Must start a transaction first */
    rc = pBt->readOnly ? SQLITE_READONLY : SQLITE_ERROR;
    return rc;
  }
  assert( !pBt->readOnly );

#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
  rc = allocateBtreePage(pBt, &pRoot, &pgnoRoot, 1, 0);
  if( rc ){
    return rc;
  }
................................................................................
    */
    invalidateAllOverflowCache(pBt);

    /* Read the value of meta[3] from the database to determine where the
    ** root page of the new table should go. meta[3] is the largest root-page
    ** created so far, so the new root-page is (meta[3]+1).
    */
    rc = sqlite3BtreeGetMeta(p, 4, &pgnoRoot);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      return rc;
    }
    pgnoRoot++;

    /* The new root-page may not be allocated on a pointer-map page, or the
    ** PENDING_BYTE page.
    */
    while( pgnoRoot==PTRMAP_PAGENO(pBt, pgnoRoot) ||
        pgnoRoot==PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) ){
................................................................................
    if( pgnoMove!=pgnoRoot ){
      /* pgnoRoot is the page that will be used for the root-page of
      ** the new table (assuming an error did not occur). But we were
      ** allocated pgnoMove. If required (i.e. if it was not allocated
      ** by extending the file), the current page at position pgnoMove
      ** is already journaled.
      */
      u8 eType;
      Pgno iPtrPage;

      releasePage(pPageMove);

      /* Move the page currently at pgnoRoot to pgnoMove. */
      rc = sqlite3BtreeGetPage(pBt, pgnoRoot, &pRoot, 0);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        return rc;
      }
      rc = ptrmapGet(pBt, pgnoRoot, &eType, &iPtrPage);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK || eType==PTRMAP_ROOTPAGE || eType==PTRMAP_FREEPAGE ){



        releasePage(pRoot);
        return rc;
      }
      assert( eType!=PTRMAP_ROOTPAGE );
      assert( eType!=PTRMAP_FREEPAGE );
      rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pRoot->pDbPage);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        releasePage(pRoot);
        return rc;
      }
      rc = relocatePage(pBt, pRoot, eType, iPtrPage, pgnoMove, 0);
      releasePage(pRoot);

      /* Obtain the page at pgnoRoot */
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        return rc;
      }
      rc = sqlite3BtreeGetPage(pBt, pgnoRoot, &pRoot, 0);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        return rc;
      }
      rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pRoot->pDbPage);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        releasePage(pRoot);
        return rc;
      }
    }else{
      pRoot = pPageMove;
    } 

    /* Update the pointer-map and meta-data with the new root-page number. */
    rc = ptrmapPut(pBt, pgnoRoot, PTRMAP_ROOTPAGE, 0);
    if( rc ){
      releasePage(pRoot);
      return rc;
    }






    rc = sqlite3BtreeUpdateMeta(p, 4, pgnoRoot);
    if( rc ){

      releasePage(pRoot);
      return rc;
    }

  }else{
    rc = allocateBtreePage(pBt, &pRoot, &pgnoRoot, 1, 0);
    if( rc ) return rc;
  }
#endif
  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pRoot->pDbPage) );





  zeroPage(pRoot, flags | PTF_LEAF);
  sqlite3PagerUnref(pRoot->pDbPage);

  *piTable = (int)pgnoRoot;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
int sqlite3BtreeCreateTable(Btree *p, int *piTable, int flags){
  int rc;
  sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);
  p->pBt->db = p->db;
  rc = btreeCreateTable(p, piTable, flags);
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Erase the given database page and all its children.  Return
** the page to the freelist.
*/
static int clearDatabasePage(
  BtShared *pBt,           /* The BTree that contains the table */
  Pgno pgno,            /* Page number to clear */
  MemPage *pParent,     /* Parent page.  NULL for the root */
  int freePageFlag      /* Deallocate page if true */

){
  MemPage *pPage = 0;
  int rc;
  unsigned char *pCell;
  int i;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  if( pgno>pagerPagecount(pBt->pPager) ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }

  rc = getAndInitPage(pBt, pgno, &pPage, pParent);
  if( rc ) goto cleardatabasepage_out;
  for(i=0; i<pPage->nCell; i++){
    pCell = findCell(pPage, i);
    if( !pPage->leaf ){
      rc = clearDatabasePage(pBt, get4byte(pCell), pPage->pParent, 1);
      if( rc ) goto cleardatabasepage_out;
    }
    rc = clearCell(pPage, pCell);
    if( rc ) goto cleardatabasepage_out;
  }
  if( !pPage->leaf ){
    rc = clearDatabasePage(pBt, get4byte(&pPage->aData[8]), pPage->pParent, 1);
    if( rc ) goto cleardatabasepage_out;



  }
  if( freePageFlag ){
    rc = freePage(pPage);
  }else if( (rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPage->pDbPage))==0 ){
    zeroPage(pPage, pPage->aData[0] | PTF_LEAF);
  }

cleardatabasepage_out:
  releasePage(pPage);
  return rc;
................................................................................
** Delete all information from a single table in the database.  iTable is
** the page number of the root of the table.  After this routine returns,
** the root page is empty, but still exists.
**
** This routine will fail with SQLITE_LOCKED if there are any open
** read cursors on the table.  Open write cursors are moved to the
** root of the table.




*/
int sqlite3BtreeClearTable(Btree *p, int iTable){
  int rc;
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
  sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);
  pBt->db = p->db;
  if( p->inTrans!=TRANS_WRITE ){
    rc = pBt->readOnly ? SQLITE_READONLY : SQLITE_ERROR;
  }else if( (rc = checkReadLocks(p, iTable, 0, 1))!=SQLITE_OK ){
    /* nothing to do */
  }else if( SQLITE_OK!=(rc = saveAllCursors(pBt, iTable, 0)) ){
    /* nothing to do */
  }else{
    rc = clearDatabasePage(pBt, (Pgno)iTable, 0, 0);

  }
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Erase all information in a table and add the root of the table to
................................................................................
** root pages are kept at the beginning of the database file, which
** is necessary for AUTOVACUUM to work right.  *piMoved is set to the 
** page number that used to be the last root page in the file before
** the move.  If no page gets moved, *piMoved is set to 0.
** The last root page is recorded in meta[3] and the value of
** meta[3] is updated by this procedure.
*/
static int btreeDropTable(Btree *p, int iTable, int *piMoved){
  int rc;
  MemPage *pPage = 0;
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;

  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(p) );
  if( p->inTrans!=TRANS_WRITE ){
    return pBt->readOnly ? SQLITE_READONLY : SQLITE_ERROR;
  }

  /* It is illegal to drop a table if any cursors are open on the
  ** database. This is because in auto-vacuum mode the backend may
  ** need to move another root-page to fill a gap left by the deleted
  ** root page. If an open cursor was using this page a problem would 
  ** occur.


  */
  if( pBt->pCursor ){

    return SQLITE_LOCKED;
  }

  rc = sqlite3BtreeGetPage(pBt, (Pgno)iTable, &pPage, 0);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  rc = sqlite3BtreeClearTable(p, iTable);
  if( rc ){
    releasePage(pPage);
    return rc;
  }

  *piMoved = 0;

  if( iTable>1 ){
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
    rc = freePage(pPage);
    releasePage(pPage);
#else
    if( pBt->autoVacuum ){
      Pgno maxRootPgno;
      rc = sqlite3BtreeGetMeta(p, 4, &maxRootPgno);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        releasePage(pPage);
        return rc;
      }

      if( iTable==maxRootPgno ){
        /* If the table being dropped is the table with the largest root-page
        ** number in the database, put the root page on the free list. 
        */
        rc = freePage(pPage);
        releasePage(pPage);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          return rc;
        }
      }else{
        /* The table being dropped does not have the largest root-page
        ** number in the database. So move the page that does into the 
        ** gap left by the deleted root-page.
        */
        MemPage *pMove;
        releasePage(pPage);
        rc = sqlite3BtreeGetPage(pBt, maxRootPgno, &pMove, 0);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          return rc;
        }
        rc = relocatePage(pBt, pMove, PTRMAP_ROOTPAGE, 0, iTable, 0);
        releasePage(pMove);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          return rc;
        }

        rc = sqlite3BtreeGetPage(pBt, maxRootPgno, &pMove, 0);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          return rc;
        }
        rc = freePage(pMove);
        releasePage(pMove);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          return rc;
        }
        *piMoved = maxRootPgno;
      }

      /* Set the new 'max-root-page' value in the database header. This
      ** is the old value less one, less one more if that happens to
      ** be a root-page number, less one again if that is the
      ** PENDING_BYTE_PAGE.
      */
      maxRootPgno--;
      if( maxRootPgno==PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) ){
        maxRootPgno--;
      }
      if( maxRootPgno==PTRMAP_PAGENO(pBt, maxRootPgno) ){
        maxRootPgno--;
      }
      assert( maxRootPgno!=PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) );

      rc = sqlite3BtreeUpdateMeta(p, 4, maxRootPgno);
    }else{
      rc = freePage(pPage);
      releasePage(pPage);
    }
#endif
  }else{
    /* If sqlite3BtreeDropTable was called on page 1. */



    zeroPage(pPage, PTF_INTKEY|PTF_LEAF );
    releasePage(pPage);
  }
  return rc;  
}
int sqlite3BtreeDropTable(Btree *p, int iTable, int *piMoved){
  int rc;
  sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);
  p->pBt->db = p->db;
  rc = btreeDropTable(p, iTable, piMoved);
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  return rc;
}


/*



** Read the meta-information out of a database file.  Meta[0]
** is the number of free pages currently in the database.  Meta[1]
** through meta[15] are available for use by higher layers.  Meta[0]
** is read-only, the others are read/write.
** 
** The schema layer numbers meta values differently.  At the schema
** layer (and the SetCookie and ReadCookie opcodes) the number of
** free pages is not visible.  So Cookie[0] is the same as Meta[1].
*/
int sqlite3BtreeGetMeta(Btree *p, int idx, u32 *pMeta){
  DbPage *pDbPage;
  int rc;
  unsigned char *pP1;
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;

  sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);
  pBt->db = p->db;


  /* Reading a meta-data value requires a read-lock on page 1 (and hence
  ** the sqlite_master table. We grab this lock regardless of whether or
  ** not the SQLITE_ReadUncommitted flag is set (the table rooted at page
  ** 1 is treated as a special case by queryTableLock() and lockTable()).
  */
  rc = queryTableLock(p, 1, READ_LOCK);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
    return rc;
  }

  assert( idx>=0 && idx<=15 );
  rc = sqlite3PagerGet(pBt->pPager, 1, &pDbPage);
  if( rc ){
    sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
    return rc;
  }
  pP1 = (unsigned char *)sqlite3PagerGetData(pDbPage);
  *pMeta = get4byte(&pP1[36 + idx*4]);
  sqlite3PagerUnref(pDbPage);

  /* If autovacuumed is disabled in this build but we are trying to 
  ** access an autovacuumed database, then make the database readonly. 
  */

#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
  if( idx==4 && *pMeta>0 ) pBt->readOnly = 1;
#endif

  /* Grab the read-lock on page 1. */
  rc = lockTable(p, 1, READ_LOCK);
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Write meta-information back into the database.  Meta[0] is
** read-only and may not be written.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeUpdateMeta(Btree *p, int idx, u32 iMeta){
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
  unsigned char *pP1;
  int rc;
  assert( idx>=1 && idx<=15 );
  sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);
  pBt->db = p->db;
  if( p->inTrans!=TRANS_WRITE ){
    rc = pBt->readOnly ? SQLITE_READONLY : SQLITE_ERROR;
  }else{
    assert( pBt->pPage1!=0 );
    pP1 = pBt->pPage1->aData;
    rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pBt->pPage1->pDbPage);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      put4byte(&pP1[36 + idx*4], iMeta);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
      if( idx==7 ){
        assert( pBt->autoVacuum || iMeta==0 );
        assert( iMeta==0 || iMeta==1 );
        pBt->incrVacuum = iMeta;
      }
#endif
    }
  }
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  return rc;
}


/*
** Return the flag byte at the beginning of the page that the cursor
** is currently pointing to.





*/
int sqlite3BtreeFlags(BtCursor *pCur){
  /* TODO: What about CURSOR_REQUIRESEEK state? Probably need to call
  ** restoreCursorPosition() here.







  */


  MemPage *pPage;
  restoreCursorPosition(pCur);





  pPage = pCur->pPage;
  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( pPage->pBt==pCur->pBt );

































  return pPage ? pPage->aData[pPage->hdrOffset] : 0;


}







/*
** Return the pager associated with a BTree.  This routine is used for
** testing and debugging only.
*/
Pager *sqlite3BtreePager(Btree *p){
  return p->pBt->pPager;
................................................................................
** Add 1 to the reference count for page iPage.  If this is the second
** reference to the page, add an error message to pCheck->zErrMsg.
** Return 1 if there are 2 ore more references to the page and 0 if
** if this is the first reference to the page.
**
** Also check that the page number is in bounds.
*/
static int checkRef(IntegrityCk *pCheck, int iPage, char *zContext){
  if( iPage==0 ) return 1;
  if( iPage>pCheck->nPage || iPage<0 ){
    checkAppendMsg(pCheck, zContext, "invalid page number %d", iPage);
    return 1;
  }
  if( pCheck->anRef[iPage]==1 ){
    checkAppendMsg(pCheck, zContext, "2nd reference to page %d", iPage);
    return 1;
  }
................................................................................
){
  int rc;
  u8 ePtrmapType;
  Pgno iPtrmapParent;

  rc = ptrmapGet(pCheck->pBt, iChild, &ePtrmapType, &iPtrmapParent);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){

    checkAppendMsg(pCheck, zContext, "Failed to read ptrmap key=%d", iChild);
    return;
  }

  if( ePtrmapType!=eType || iPtrmapParent!=iParent ){
    checkAppendMsg(pCheck, zContext, 
      "Bad ptr map entry key=%d expected=(%d,%d) got=(%d,%d)", 
................................................................................
    if( isFreeList ){
      int n = get4byte(&pOvflData[4]);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
      if( pCheck->pBt->autoVacuum ){
        checkPtrmap(pCheck, iPage, PTRMAP_FREEPAGE, 0, zContext);
      }
#endif
      if( n>pCheck->pBt->usableSize/4-2 ){
        checkAppendMsg(pCheck, zContext,
           "freelist leaf count too big on page %d", iPage);
        N--;
      }else{
        for(i=0; i<n; i++){
          Pgno iFreePage = get4byte(&pOvflData[8+i*4]);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
................................................................................
**      7.  Verify that the depth of all children is the same.
**      8.  Make sure this page is at least 33% full or else it is
**          the root of the tree.
*/
static int checkTreePage(
  IntegrityCk *pCheck,  /* Context for the sanity check */
  int iPage,            /* Page number of the page to check */
  MemPage *pParent,     /* Parent page */
  char *zParentContext  /* Parent context */

){
  MemPage *pPage;
  int i, rc, depth, d2, pgno, cnt;
  int hdr, cellStart;
  int nCell;
  u8 *data;
  BtShared *pBt;
  int usableSize;
  char zContext[100];
  char *hit;



  sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zContext), zContext, "Page %d: ", iPage);

  /* Check that the page exists
  */
  pBt = pCheck->pBt;
  usableSize = pBt->usableSize;
  if( iPage==0 ) return 0;
  if( checkRef(pCheck, iPage, zParentContext) ) return 0;
  if( (rc = sqlite3BtreeGetPage(pBt, (Pgno)iPage, &pPage, 0))!=0 ){
    checkAppendMsg(pCheck, zContext,
       "unable to get the page. error code=%d", rc);
    return 0;
  }




  if( (rc = sqlite3BtreeInitPage(pPage, pParent))!=0 ){

    checkAppendMsg(pCheck, zContext, 
                   "sqlite3BtreeInitPage() returns error code %d", rc);
    releasePage(pPage);
    return 0;
  }

  /* Check out all the cells.
  */
  depth = 0;
  for(i=0; i<pPage->nCell && pCheck->mxErr; i++){
    u8 *pCell;
    int sz;
    CellInfo info;

    /* Check payload overflow pages
    */
    sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zContext), zContext,
             "On tree page %d cell %d: ", iPage, i);
    pCell = findCell(pPage,i);
    sqlite3BtreeParseCellPtr(pPage, pCell, &info);
    sz = info.nData;
    if( !pPage->intKey ) sz += info.nKey;










    assert( sz==info.nPayload );
    if( sz>info.nLocal ){


      int nPage = (sz - info.nLocal + usableSize - 5)/(usableSize - 4);
      Pgno pgnoOvfl = get4byte(&pCell[info.iOverflow]);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
      if( pBt->autoVacuum ){
        checkPtrmap(pCheck, pgnoOvfl, PTRMAP_OVERFLOW1, iPage, zContext);
      }
#endif
................................................................................
    if( !pPage->leaf ){
      pgno = get4byte(pCell);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
      if( pBt->autoVacuum ){
        checkPtrmap(pCheck, pgno, PTRMAP_BTREE, iPage, zContext);
      }
#endif
      d2 = checkTreePage(pCheck,pgno,pPage,zContext);
      if( i>0 && d2!=depth ){
        checkAppendMsg(pCheck, zContext, "Child page depth differs");
      }
      depth = d2;
    }
  }

  if( !pPage->leaf ){
    pgno = get4byte(&pPage->aData[pPage->hdrOffset+8]);
    sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zContext), zContext, 
                     "On page %d at right child: ", iPage);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
    if( pBt->autoVacuum ){
      checkPtrmap(pCheck, pgno, PTRMAP_BTREE, iPage, 0);
    }
#endif
    checkTreePage(pCheck, pgno, pPage, zContext);
  }
 




































  /* Check for complete coverage of the page
  */
  data = pPage->aData;
  hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;
  hit = sqlite3PageMalloc( pBt->pageSize );
  if( hit==0 ){
    pCheck->mallocFailed = 1;
  }else{


    memset(hit, 0, usableSize );
    memset(hit, 1, get2byte(&data[hdr+5]));
    nCell = get2byte(&data[hdr+3]);
    cellStart = hdr + 12 - 4*pPage->leaf;
    for(i=0; i<nCell; i++){
      int pc = get2byte(&data[cellStart+i*2]);
      u16 size = cellSizePtr(pPage, &data[pc]);
      int j;



      if( (pc+size-1)>=usableSize || pc<0 ){
        checkAppendMsg(pCheck, 0, 
            "Corruption detected in cell %d on page %d",i,iPage,0);
      }else{
        for(j=pc+size-1; j>=pc; j--) hit[j]++;
      }
    }
    for(cnt=0, i=get2byte(&data[hdr+1]); i>0 && i<usableSize && cnt<10000; 
           cnt++){
      int size = get2byte(&data[i+2]);
      int j;
      if( (i+size-1)>=usableSize || i<0 ){
        checkAppendMsg(pCheck, 0,  
            "Corruption detected in cell %d on page %d",i,iPage,0);
      }else{
        for(j=i+size-1; j>=i; j--) hit[j]++;
      }
      i = get2byte(&data[i]);
    }
    for(i=cnt=0; i<usableSize; i++){
      if( hit[i]==0 ){
        cnt++;
      }else if( hit[i]>1 ){
        checkAppendMsg(pCheck, 0,
          "Multiple uses for byte %d of page %d", i, iPage);
        break;
      }
    }
    if( cnt!=data[hdr+7] ){
      checkAppendMsg(pCheck, 0, 
          "Fragmented space is %d byte reported as %d on page %d",
          cnt, data[hdr+7], iPage);
    }
  }
  sqlite3PageFree(hit);

  releasePage(pPage);
  return depth+1;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_INTEGRITY_CHECK */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_INTEGRITY_CHECK
/*
** This routine does a complete check of the given BTree file.  aRoot[] is
** an array of pages numbers were each page number is the root page of
** a table.  nRoot is the number of entries in aRoot.
**



** Write the number of error seen in *pnErr.  Except for some memory
** allocation errors,  nn error message is held in memory obtained from
** malloc is returned if *pnErr is non-zero.  If *pnErr==0 then NULL is
** returned.

*/
char *sqlite3BtreeIntegrityCheck(
  Btree *p,     /* The btree to be checked */
  int *aRoot,   /* An array of root pages numbers for individual trees */
  int nRoot,    /* Number of entries in aRoot[] */
  int mxErr,    /* Stop reporting errors after this many */
  int *pnErr    /* Write number of errors seen to this variable */
){
  int i;
  int nRef;
  IntegrityCk sCheck;
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
  char zErr[100];

  sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);
  pBt->db = p->db;
  nRef = sqlite3PagerRefcount(pBt->pPager);
  if( lockBtreeWithRetry(p)!=SQLITE_OK ){
    *pnErr = 1;
    sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
    return sqlite3DbStrDup(0, "cannot acquire a read lock on the database");
  }
  sCheck.pBt = pBt;
  sCheck.pPager = pBt->pPager;
  sCheck.nPage = pagerPagecount(sCheck.pPager);

  sCheck.mxErr = mxErr;
  sCheck.nErr = 0;
  sCheck.mallocFailed = 0;
  *pnErr = 0;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
  if( pBt->nTrunc!=0 ){
    sCheck.nPage = pBt->nTrunc;
  }
#endif
  if( sCheck.nPage==0 ){
    unlockBtreeIfUnused(pBt);
    sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
    return 0;
  }
  sCheck.anRef = sqlite3Malloc( (sCheck.nPage+1)*sizeof(sCheck.anRef[0]) );
  if( !sCheck.anRef ){
    unlockBtreeIfUnused(pBt);
    *pnErr = 1;
    sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
    return 0;
  }
  for(i=0; i<=sCheck.nPage; i++){ sCheck.anRef[i] = 0; }
  i = PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt);
  if( i<=sCheck.nPage ){
    sCheck.anRef[i] = 1;
  }
  sqlite3StrAccumInit(&sCheck.errMsg, zErr, sizeof(zErr), 20000);


  /* Check the integrity of the freelist
  */
  checkList(&sCheck, 1, get4byte(&pBt->pPage1->aData[32]),
            get4byte(&pBt->pPage1->aData[36]), "Main freelist: ");

  /* Check all the tables.
  */
  for(i=0; i<nRoot && sCheck.mxErr; i++){
    if( aRoot[i]==0 ) continue;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
    if( pBt->autoVacuum && aRoot[i]>1 ){
      checkPtrmap(&sCheck, aRoot[i], PTRMAP_ROOTPAGE, 0, 0);
    }
#endif
    checkTreePage(&sCheck, aRoot[i], 0, "List of tree roots: ");
  }

  /* Make sure every page in the file is referenced
  */
  for(i=1; i<=sCheck.nPage && sCheck.mxErr; i++){
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
    if( sCheck.anRef[i]==0 ){
................................................................................
    if( sCheck.anRef[i]!=0 && 
       (PTRMAP_PAGENO(pBt, i)==i && pBt->autoVacuum) ){
      checkAppendMsg(&sCheck, 0, "Pointer map page %d is referenced", i);
    }
#endif
  }

  /* Make sure this analysis did not leave any unref() pages


  */
  unlockBtreeIfUnused(pBt);
  if( nRef != sqlite3PagerRefcount(pBt->pPager) ){
    checkAppendMsg(&sCheck, 0, 
      "Outstanding page count goes from %d to %d during this analysis",
      nRef, sqlite3PagerRefcount(pBt->pPager)
    );
  }

  /* Clean  up and report errors.
................................................................................
** open so it is safe to access without the BtShared mutex.
*/
const char *sqlite3BtreeGetFilename(Btree *p){
  assert( p->pBt->pPager!=0 );
  return sqlite3PagerFilename(p->pBt->pPager);
}

/*
** Return the pathname of the directory that contains the database file.
**
** The pager directory name is invariant as long as the pager is
** open so it is safe to access without the BtShared mutex.
*/
const char *sqlite3BtreeGetDirname(Btree *p){
  assert( p->pBt->pPager!=0 );
  return sqlite3PagerDirname(p->pBt->pPager);
}

/*
** Return the pathname of the journal file for this database. The return
** value of this routine is the same regardless of whether the journal file
** has been created or not.
**
** The pager journal filename is invariant as long as the pager is
** open so it is safe to access without the BtShared mutex.
*/
const char *sqlite3BtreeGetJournalname(Btree *p){
  assert( p->pBt->pPager!=0 );
  return sqlite3PagerJournalname(p->pBt->pPager);
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VACUUM
/*
** Copy the complete content of pBtFrom into pBtTo.  A transaction
** must be active for both files.
**
** The size of file pTo may be reduced by this operation.
** If anything goes wrong, the transaction on pTo is rolled back. 
**
** If successful, CommitPhaseOne() may be called on pTo before returning. 
** The caller should finish committing the transaction on pTo by calling
** sqlite3BtreeCommit().

*/
static int btreeCopyFile(Btree *pTo, Btree *pFrom){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  Pgno i;




  Pgno nFromPage;     /* Number of pages in pFrom */
  Pgno nToPage;       /* Number of pages in pTo */
  Pgno nNewPage;      /* Number of pages in pTo after the copy */

  Pgno iSkip;         /* Pending byte page in pTo */
  int nToPageSize;    /* Page size of pTo in bytes */
  int nFromPageSize;  /* Page size of pFrom in bytes */

  BtShared *pBtTo = pTo->pBt;
  BtShared *pBtFrom = pFrom->pBt;
  pBtTo->db = pTo->db;
  pBtFrom->db = pFrom->db;

  nToPageSize = pBtTo->pageSize;
  nFromPageSize = pBtFrom->pageSize;

  if( pTo->inTrans!=TRANS_WRITE || pFrom->inTrans!=TRANS_WRITE ){
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  if( pBtTo->pCursor ){
    return SQLITE_BUSY;
  }

  nToPage = pagerPagecount(pBtTo->pPager);
  nFromPage = pagerPagecount(pBtFrom->pPager);
  iSkip = PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBtTo);

  /* Variable nNewPage is the number of pages required to store the
  ** contents of pFrom using the current page-size of pTo.
  */
  nNewPage = ((i64)nFromPage * (i64)nFromPageSize + (i64)nToPageSize - 1) / 
      (i64)nToPageSize;

  for(i=1; rc==SQLITE_OK && (i<=nToPage || i<=nNewPage); i++){

    /* Journal the original page.

    **
    ** iSkip is the page number of the locking page (PENDING_BYTE_PAGE)
    ** in database *pTo (before the copy). This page is never written 
    ** into the journal file. Unless i==iSkip or the page was not
    ** present in pTo before the copy operation, journal page i from pTo.


    */
    if( i!=iSkip && i<=nToPage ){
      DbPage *pDbPage = 0;
      rc = sqlite3PagerGet(pBtTo->pPager, i, &pDbPage);

      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pDbPage);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK && i>nFromPage ){
          /* Yeah.  It seems wierd to call DontWrite() right after Write(). But
          ** that is because the names of those procedures do not exactly 
          ** represent what they do.  Write() really means "put this page in the
          ** rollback journal and mark it as dirty so that it will be written
          ** to the database file later."  DontWrite() undoes the second part of
          ** that and prevents the page from being written to the database. The
          ** page is still on the rollback journal, though.  And that is the 
          ** whole point of this block: to put pages on the rollback journal. 
          */
          sqlite3PagerDontWrite(pDbPage);
        }
        sqlite3PagerUnref(pDbPage);
      }
    }

    /* Overwrite the data in page i of the target database */
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && i!=iSkip && i<=nNewPage ){

      DbPage *pToPage = 0;
      sqlite3_int64 iOff;

      rc = sqlite3PagerGet(pBtTo->pPager, i, &pToPage);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pToPage);
      }

      for(
        iOff=(i-1)*nToPageSize; 
        rc==SQLITE_OK && iOff<i*nToPageSize; 
        iOff += nFromPageSize
      ){
        DbPage *pFromPage = 0;
        Pgno iFrom = (iOff/nFromPageSize)+1;

        if( iFrom==PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBtFrom) ){
          continue;
        }

        rc = sqlite3PagerGet(pBtFrom->pPager, iFrom, &pFromPage);



        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          char *zTo = sqlite3PagerGetData(pToPage);
          char *zFrom = sqlite3PagerGetData(pFromPage);
          int nCopy;

          if( nFromPageSize>=nToPageSize ){
            zFrom += ((i-1)*nToPageSize - ((iFrom-1)*nFromPageSize));
            nCopy = nToPageSize;
          }else{
            zTo += (((iFrom-1)*nFromPageSize) - (i-1)*nToPageSize);
            nCopy = nFromPageSize;
          }

          memcpy(zTo, zFrom, nCopy);
	  sqlite3PagerUnref(pFromPage);
        }
      }

      if( pToPage ) sqlite3PagerUnref(pToPage);
    }
  }

  /* If things have worked so far, the database file may need to be 
  ** truncated. The complex part is that it may need to be truncated to
  ** a size that is not an integer multiple of nToPageSize - the current
  ** page size used by the pager associated with B-Tree pTo.
  **
  ** For example, say the page-size of pTo is 2048 bytes and the original 
  ** number of pages is 5 (10 KB file). If pFrom has a page size of 1024 
  ** bytes and 9 pages, then the file needs to be truncated to 9KB.
  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( nFromPageSize!=nToPageSize ){
      sqlite3_file *pFile = sqlite3PagerFile(pBtTo->pPager);
      i64 iSize = (i64)nFromPageSize * (i64)nFromPage;
      i64 iNow = (i64)((nToPage>nNewPage)?nToPage:nNewPage) * (i64)nToPageSize; 
      i64 iPending = ((i64)PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBtTo)-1) *(i64)nToPageSize;
  
      assert( iSize<=iNow );
  
      /* Commit phase one syncs the journal file associated with pTo 
      ** containing the original data. It does not sync the database file
      ** itself. After doing this it is safe to use OsTruncate() and other
      ** file APIs on the database file directly.
      */
      pBtTo->db = pTo->db;
      rc = sqlite3PagerCommitPhaseOne(pBtTo->pPager, 0, 0, 1);
      if( iSize<iNow && rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        rc = sqlite3OsTruncate(pFile, iSize);
      }
  
      /* The loop that copied data from database pFrom to pTo did not
      ** populate the locking page of database pTo. If the page-size of
      ** pFrom is smaller than that of pTo, this means some data will
      ** not have been copied. 
      **
      ** This block copies the missing data from database pFrom to pTo 
      ** using file APIs. This is safe because at this point we know that
      ** all of the original data from pTo has been synced into the 
      ** journal file. At this point it would be safe to do anything at
      ** all to the database file except truncate it to zero bytes.
      */
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK && nFromPageSize<nToPageSize && iSize>iPending){
        i64 iOff;
        for(
          iOff=iPending; 
          rc==SQLITE_OK && iOff<(iPending+nToPageSize); 
          iOff += nFromPageSize
        ){
          DbPage *pFromPage = 0;
          Pgno iFrom = (iOff/nFromPageSize)+1;
  
          if( iFrom==PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBtFrom) || iFrom>nFromPage ){
            continue;
          }
  
          rc = sqlite3PagerGet(pBtFrom->pPager, iFrom, &pFromPage);
          if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
            char *zFrom = sqlite3PagerGetData(pFromPage);
  	  rc = sqlite3OsWrite(pFile, zFrom, nFromPageSize, iOff);
            sqlite3PagerUnref(pFromPage);
          }
        }
      }
  
      /* Sync the database file */
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        rc = sqlite3PagerSync(pBtTo->pPager);
      }
    }else{
      rc = sqlite3PagerTruncate(pBtTo->pPager, nNewPage);
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      pBtTo->pageSizeFixed = 0;
    }
  }

  if( rc ){
    sqlite3BtreeRollback(pTo);
  }

  return rc;  
}
int sqlite3BtreeCopyFile(Btree *pTo, Btree *pFrom){
  int rc;
  sqlite3BtreeEnter(pTo);
  sqlite3BtreeEnter(pFrom);
  rc = btreeCopyFile(pTo, pFrom);
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(pFrom);
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(pTo);
  return rc;
}

#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VACUUM */

/*
** Return non-zero if a transaction is active.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeIsInTrans(Btree *p){
  assert( p==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(p->db->mutex) );
  return (p && (p->inTrans==TRANS_WRITE));
}

/*
** Return non-zero if a statement transaction is active.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeIsInStmt(Btree *p){
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(p) );
  return (p->pBt && p->pBt->inStmt);
}


/*
** Return non-zero if a read (or write) transaction is active.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeIsInReadTrans(Btree *p){

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(p->db->mutex) );
  return (p && (p->inTrans!=TRANS_NONE));






}

/*
** This function returns a pointer to a blob of memory associated with
** a single shared-btree. The memory is used by client code for its own
** purposes (for example, to store a high-level schema associated with 
** the shared-btree). The btree layer manages reference counting issues.
................................................................................
** blob of allocated memory. This function should not call sqlite3_free()
** on the memory, the btree layer does that.
*/
void *sqlite3BtreeSchema(Btree *p, int nBytes, void(*xFree)(void *)){
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
  sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);
  if( !pBt->pSchema && nBytes ){
    pBt->pSchema = sqlite3MallocZero(nBytes);
    pBt->xFreeSchema = xFree;
  }
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  return pBt->pSchema;
}

/*
** Return true if another user of the same shared btree as the argument
** handle holds an exclusive lock on the sqlite_master table.

*/
int sqlite3BtreeSchemaLocked(Btree *p){
  int rc;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(p->db->mutex) );
  sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);
  rc = (queryTableLock(p, MASTER_ROOT, READ_LOCK)!=SQLITE_OK);

  sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  return rc;
}


#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
/*
** Obtain a lock on the table whose root page is iTab.  The
** lock is a write lock if isWritelock is true or a read lock
** if it is false.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeLockTable(Btree *p, int iTab, u8 isWriteLock){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  if( p->sharable ){
    u8 lockType = READ_LOCK + isWriteLock;
    assert( READ_LOCK+1==WRITE_LOCK );
    assert( isWriteLock==0 || isWriteLock==1 );

    sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);
    rc = queryTableLock(p, iTab, lockType);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = lockTable(p, iTab, lockType);
    }
    sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  }
  return rc;
}
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_INCRBLOB
/*
** Argument pCsr must be a cursor opened for writing on an 
** INTKEY table currently pointing at a valid table entry. 
** This function modifies the data stored as part of that entry.

** Only the data content may only be modified, it is not possible
** to change the length of the data stored.


*/
int sqlite3BtreePutData(BtCursor *pCsr, u32 offset, u32 amt, void *z){

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCsr) );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCsr->pBtree->db->mutex) );
  assert(pCsr->isIncrblobHandle);

  restoreCursorPosition(pCsr);



  assert( pCsr->eState!=CURSOR_REQUIRESEEK );
  if( pCsr->eState!=CURSOR_VALID ){
    return SQLITE_ABORT;
  }

  /* Check some preconditions: 
  **   (a) the cursor is open for writing,
  **   (b) there is no read-lock on the table being modified and


  **   (c) the cursor points at a valid row of an intKey table.
  */
  if( !pCsr->wrFlag ){
    return SQLITE_READONLY;
  }
  assert( !pCsr->pBt->readOnly 
          && pCsr->pBt->inTransaction==TRANS_WRITE );

  if( checkReadLocks(pCsr->pBtree, pCsr->pgnoRoot, pCsr, 0) ){
    return SQLITE_LOCKED; /* The table pCur points to has a read lock */
  }
  if( pCsr->eState==CURSOR_INVALID || !pCsr->pPage->intKey ){
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }

  return accessPayload(pCsr, offset, amt, (unsigned char *)z, 0, 1);
}

/* 
** Set a flag on this cursor to cache the locations of pages from the 
** overflow list for the current row. This is used by cursors opened
** for incremental blob IO only.
**
................................................................................
** (stored in BtCursor.aOverflow[]) is allocated and used by function
** accessPayload() (the worker function for sqlite3BtreeData() and
** sqlite3BtreePutData()).
*/
void sqlite3BtreeCacheOverflow(BtCursor *pCur){
  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCur->pBtree->db->mutex) );
  assert(!pCur->isIncrblobHandle);
  assert(!pCur->aOverflow);
  pCur->isIncrblobHandle = 1;
}
#endif











































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>
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>
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>
>
>
>
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>
5
6
7
8
9
10
11


12
13
14
15
16
17
18
..
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34

35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47

48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56

57
58

59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76





77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245

246
247
248
249
250





251
252
253
254



255
256



257
258
259
260





261
262
263

264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291

292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312









313
314
315
316
317
318
319
...
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357

358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425

426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
...
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
485
486

487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499
500
501
502
503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
525
526
527
528
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
538
539
540
541
542
543
544
545
546
547
548
549
550
551
552
553
554
555
556
557
558
559
560
561
562
563
564
565
566
567
568
569
570
571
572
573
574
575
576
577
578
579
580
581
582
583
584
585
586
587
588
589
590
591
592
593
594
595
596
597
598
599
600
601
602
603
604
605
606
607
608
609
610
611
612
613
614
615
616
617
618
619
620
621
622
...
630
631
632
633
634
635
636
637
638
639
640
641
642
643
644
645
646
647
648
649
650
651
652
653
654
655
656
657
658
659
660
661
662
663
664
665
666
667
668
669
670
671
672
673
674
675
676
677
678
679
680
681
682
683
684
685
686
687
688
689
690
691
692
693
694
695
696
697
698
699
700
701
702
703
704
705
706
707
708
709
710
711
712
713
714
715
716
717
718
719
720
721
722
723
724
725
726
727
728
729
730
731
732
733
734
735
736
737
738
739
740
741
742
743
744
745
746
747
748
749
...
750
751
752
753
754
755
756
757
758
759
760
761
762
763
764
765
766
767
768
769
770
771
772
773
774
775
776
777
778
779
780
781
782
783
784
785
786
787
788
789
790
791
792
793
794
795
796
797
798
799
800
801
802
803

804
805
806
807
808
809
810
...
833
834
835
836
837
838
839
840
841
842
843
844
845
846
847
848
849
...
850
851
852
853
854
855
856
857
858
859
860
861
862
863
864
...
872
873
874
875
876
877
878
879
880
881
882
883
884
885
886
887
888
889
890
891
892
893
894
895
896
897
898
...
908
909
910
911
912
913
914
915
916
917
918
919
920
921
922
923
924
925
926
927
928
929
930
931
932
933
934
935
...
939
940
941
942
943
944
945
946
947
948
949
950
951
952
953
954
955
956
957
958
959
960
961
962
963
964
965
966
967
968
969
970
971
972

973


974
975
976
977
978
979
980
981
982
983
984
985
986
987
988
989
990
991
992
993
994
995
996
997
998
999
1000
1001
1002
1003
1004
1005
1006
1007
1008
1009
1010
1011
1012
1013
1014
1015
1016
1017
1018
1019
1020
1021
1022
1023
1024
1025
1026
1027
1028
1029
1030
1031
1032
1033
1034
1035
1036
1037
1038
1039
1040
1041
1042
1043
1044
1045

1046
1047
1048
1049












1050
1051
1052
1053
1054
1055
1056
1057
1058
1059
1060
1061
1062

1063
1064
1065
1066
1067
1068
1069
1070
1071
1072
1073
1074
1075
1076
1077
1078
1079
1080
1081
1082
1083
1084
1085
1086
1087
1088
1089
1090
1091
1092
1093
1094
1095
1096
1097
1098
1099
1100
1101
1102
1103
1104
1105
1106
1107
1108
1109
1110
1111
1112
1113
1114
1115
1116
1117
1118
1119
1120
1121
1122
1123

1124
1125
1126
1127
1128


1129
1130
1131
1132
1133
1134
1135
1136
1137
1138
1139
1140
1141
1142

1143
1144
1145





1146
1147
1148
1149
1150







1151
1152
1153
1154
1155
1156
1157
1158

1159
1160
1161
1162
1163
1164


1165
1166
1167
1168
1169
1170
1171
1172
1173
1174
1175
1176
1177
1178
1179
1180
1181
1182
1183


1184
1185
1186
1187
1188
1189
1190
1191
1192
1193
1194

1195
1196
1197
1198
1199
1200
1201
1202
1203
1204
1205
1206
1207
1208

1209
1210
1211
1212

1213
1214
1215


1216
1217
1218




1219
1220
1221
1222
1223
1224
1225
1226
1227
1228
1229
1230
1231
1232
1233
1234

1235
1236
1237
1238
1239
1240
1241
1242
1243
1244
1245
1246
1247
1248
1249
1250
1251
1252
1253
1254
1255
1256
1257
1258
1259
1260
1261
1262
1263
1264

1265
1266
1267
1268
1269
1270
1271
1272
1273
1274
1275
1276
1277
1278
1279
1280

1281
1282
1283
1284
1285

1286
1287
1288
1289
1290
1291
1292
1293
1294
1295
1296
1297
1298
1299
1300
1301
1302
1303
1304
1305
1306
1307
1308
1309
1310
1311
1312
1313
1314
1315
1316
1317
1318
1319
1320
1321
1322
1323
1324
1325
1326
1327
1328
1329
1330
1331
1332
1333
1334
....
1340
1341
1342
1343
1344
1345
1346
1347
1348
1349
1350
1351
1352
1353
1354
....
1363
1364
1365
1366
1367
1368
1369




1370
1371
1372
1373
1374
1375
1376

1377
1378
1379
1380
1381
1382
1383
1384
1385
1386
1387
1388
1389
1390
1391
1392
1393
1394
1395
1396









1397





1398
1399
1400
1401
1402
1403

1404
1405
1406
1407
1408
1409
1410
1411

1412
1413
1414
1415
1416
1417
1418
1419
1420
1421
1422
1423
1424
1425
1426
1427
1428
1429
1430
1431
1432
1433
1434
1435
1436
1437
1438
1439
1440
1441
1442
1443
1444
1445
1446
1447
1448
1449
1450

1451
1452
1453
1454
1455
1456
1457
1458
1459
1460
1461
1462
1463
1464




1465







1466
1467
1468
1469
1470
1471
1472








1473
1474
1475



1476
1477
1478
1479
1480
1481
1482
1483
1484
1485
1486
1487
1488
1489
1490
1491
1492
1493
1494
1495
1496
1497
1498
1499
1500
1501
1502
1503
1504
1505
1506
1507
1508
1509
1510
1511

1512
1513
1514
1515
1516
1517
1518
1519
1520
1521
1522
1523
1524
1525
1526
1527
1528
1529
1530
1531
1532
1533
1534
1535
1536
1537
1538
1539
1540
1541
1542
1543
1544
1545
1546
1547
1548

1549
1550
1551
1552
1553
1554
1555

1556
1557
1558
1559
1560
1561
1562
1563
1564
1565
1566
1567




1568
1569
1570
1571
1572
1573
1574
1575
1576
1577
1578
1579
1580
1581
1582
1583
1584
1585
1586
1587
1588
1589
1590
1591
1592
1593
1594
1595
1596
1597

1598
1599
1600
1601
1602
1603

1604
1605
1606
1607
1608
1609

1610
1611
1612
1613
1614
1615
1616
1617
1618
1619
1620
1621
1622
1623
1624
1625
1626
1627
1628
1629
1630
1631
1632
1633



















1634
1635
1636
1637
1638
1639
1640
1641
1642
1643

1644
1645
1646
1647
1648
1649
1650
1651
1652
1653
1654
1655
1656
1657
1658
1659
1660
1661
1662
1663
1664
1665
1666
1667
1668
1669
1670
1671
1672
1673
1674
1675
1676
1677
1678
1679
1680
1681
1682
1683
1684
1685
1686
1687
1688
1689
1690
1691
1692
1693
1694
1695
1696
1697
1698
1699
1700
1701
1702
1703
1704
1705
1706
1707
1708
1709
1710
1711
1712
1713
1714
1715
1716
1717
1718
1719
1720
1721
1722
1723
1724
1725
1726
1727
1728
1729
1730
1731
1732
1733
1734
1735
1736
1737
1738
1739
1740
1741
1742
1743
1744
1745
1746
1747
1748
1749
1750
1751
1752
1753
1754
1755
1756
1757
1758
1759
1760



1761
1762
1763
1764

1765
1766
1767
1768
1769
1770
1771
1772
1773

1774
1775
1776
1777
1778
1779
1780
1781
1782
1783
1784
1785
1786
1787
1788
1789
1790
1791
1792
1793
1794
1795
....
1819
1820
1821
1822
1823
1824
1825


1826
1827
1828
1829
1830
1831
1832
1833
1834
1835
1836
1837
1838


1839
1840
1841
1842
1843
1844
1845
1846
1847
1848

1849
1850
1851
1852
1853
1854
1855
....
1863
1864
1865
1866
1867
1868
1869
1870
1871
1872
1873

1874
1875
1876
1877
1878
1879
1880
1881
1882
1883
1884
1885
1886
1887
1888
1889
1890
1891
1892
1893
1894
1895
1896
1897
1898
1899
....
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
1957
....
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
....
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021
2022

2023
2024
2025
2026
2027
2028
2029
....
2048
2049
2050
2051
2052
2053
2054
2055
2056
2057
2058
2059
2060
2061
2062
....
2097
2098
2099
2100
2101
2102
2103
2104
2105
2106
2107
2108
2109
2110
2111
2112
2113
2114
2115
2116
2117
2118
2119
2120
2121
....
2131
2132
2133
2134
2135
2136
2137
2138
2139
2140
2141
2142
2143
2144
2145
2146
2147
2148
2149
2150
2151
2152
2153
2154
2155
2156
2157
2158
2159
2160
2161
2162
2163
2164
2165
2166
2167
2168
2169
2170
2171
2172
2173
2174

2175
2176
2177
2178
2179
2180
2181
2182
2183
2184
2185
2186
2187
2188
2189
2190
2191
2192
2193
2194
2195
2196
2197
2198
2199
2200
2201
....
2208
2209
2210
2211
2212
2213
2214
2215
2216
2217
2218
2219
2220
2221
2222
2223
2224
2225
2226
2227
2228
2229
2230
2231
2232
2233
2234
2235
2236
2237
2238
....
2239
2240
2241
2242
2243
2244
2245
2246
2247
2248
2249
2250
2251
2252
2253
2254
2255
2256
2257
2258
2259
2260
....
2284
2285
2286
2287
2288
2289
2290
2291
2292
2293
2294
2295
2296
2297
2298
2299
2300
2301
2302
2303
2304
2305
2306
2307
2308

2309
2310
2311
2312
2313
2314
2315
2316
2317
2318
2319
2320
2321
2322
2323
2324
2325
2326
2327
2328
2329
2330
2331
2332
2333
2334
2335
2336
2337
2338
2339
2340
2341
2342
2343
2344
2345
2346
2347
2348
2349
2350
2351
2352
2353
2354
2355
2356
2357
2358
2359
2360
2361
2362
2363
2364
2365
2366
2367
2368
2369
2370
2371
2372
2373
2374
2375
2376
2377
2378
2379
2380
2381
2382
2383
2384
2385
2386
2387
2388
2389
2390
2391
2392
2393
2394
2395
2396
2397
2398
2399
2400
....
2406
2407
2408
2409
2410
2411
2412
2413
2414
2415
2416
2417
2418
2419
2420
2421
2422
2423
2424
2425
2426
2427
2428
2429
2430
2431























2432
2433
2434
2435
2436
2437


2438
2439
2440
2441
2442
2443
2444
2445
2446








2447

2448

2449
2450
2451
2452
2453
2454
2455
2456
2457
2458
2459
2460

2461
2462

2463
2464
2465
2466
2467
2468
2469
2470
2471
2472
2473
2474
2475
2476
2477
2478
2479
2480
2481
2482
2483
2484
2485
2486
2487
2488
2489
2490
2491
2492
2493
2494
2495
2496
2497
2498
2499
....
2525
2526
2527
2528
2529
2530
2531
2532
2533
2534
2535
2536

2537
2538
2539
2540
2541
2542
2543
....
2546
2547
2548
2549
2550
2551
2552
2553
2554
2555
2556
2557
2558

2559



2560
2561
2562
2563
2564
2565
2566
2567
2568
2569
2570
2571
2572
2573
2574
2575
2576
2577
2578
2579
2580
2581
2582
2583



2584
2585
2586
2587
2588
2589
2590
2591

2592
2593
2594
2595
2596
2597
2598
2599
2600
2601
2602
2603
2604


2605
2606
2607
2608
2609
2610
2611
2612
2613
2614
2615
2616
2617
2618
2619
2620
2621
2622
2623
2624
2625
2626
2627
2628

2629
2630
2631

2632
2633
2634
2635
2636
2637
2638
2639
2640
2641
2642
2643
2644
2645
2646
2647
2648
2649
2650
2651
2652
2653
2654
2655
2656
2657
2658
2659
2660
2661
2662












2663
2664
2665
2666
2667
2668
2669
2670
2671
2672
2673
2674
2675
2676
2677
2678
2679
2680
2681
2682
2683
2684
2685
2686
2687
2688
2689



2690
2691
2692
2693

2694
2695
2696
2697
2698
2699
2700
2701
2702
2703
2704
2705
2706
2707

2708
2709

2710
2711
2712
2713
2714
2715
2716
2717
2718
2719
2720
2721
2722
2723
2724
2725
2726
2727
2728
2729
2730
2731
2732
2733
2734
2735
2736
2737
2738
2739
2740
2741
2742
2743
2744
2745
2746
2747
2748
2749
....
2767
2768
2769
2770
2771
2772
2773
2774
2775
2776
2777
2778
2779
2780
2781
2782
2783
2784
2785
2786
2787
2788
2789
2790
2791
2792
2793
....
2816
2817
2818
2819
2820
2821
2822
2823
2824
2825
2826
2827
2828
2829
2830
2831
2832
2833
2834
2835
2836
2837
2838
2839
2840
2841
2842
2843
2844
2845
2846
2847
2848
2849
2850
2851
2852
2853
2854
....
2858
2859
2860
2861
2862
2863
2864
2865
2866
2867
2868
2869
2870
2871
2872
2873
2874

2875
2876
2877
2878

2879

2880

2881

2882
2883
2884
2885
2886
2887
2888
2889
2890
2891
2892
2893
....
2911
2912
2913
2914
2915
2916
2917
2918
2919
2920
2921
2922
2923
2924
2925
....
2945
2946
2947
2948
2949
2950
2951
2952
2953
2954

2955
2956
2957
2958
2959
2960
2961
2962
2963
2964
2965
2966
2967
2968
2969
2970
2971
2972
2973
2974
2975
2976
2977
2978
2979
2980
2981
2982
2983
2984
2985
2986
2987

2988
2989
2990
2991
2992
2993
2994
2995
2996
2997
2998
2999
3000
3001
3002
3003
3004
....
3005
3006
3007
3008
3009
3010
3011
3012
3013
3014

3015

3016
3017
3018
3019
3020
3021
3022
3023
3024
3025
3026
3027




3028

3029
3030
3031
3032
3033
3034
3035


3036
3037
3038
3039
3040
3041
3042
3043
3044
3045
3046
3047
3048


3049
3050
3051
3052



3053
3054
3055
3056
3057
3058
3059

3060
3061
3062
3063
3064




3065
3066
3067
3068
3069
3070
3071
3072
3073
3074
3075
3076
3077
3078
3079
3080
3081
3082
3083
3084
3085
3086
3087
3088
3089
3090
....
3096
3097
3098
3099
3100
3101
3102

3103

3104
3105
3106
3107
3108
3109
3110
3111
3112
3113
3114
3115
3116
3117
3118
3119
3120
3121
3122
3123
3124
3125
3126
3127
3128
3129
3130
3131
3132
3133
3134
3135
3136
3137
3138
3139
3140
3141
3142
3143
3144
3145
3146
3147
3148
3149
3150
3151
3152
3153
3154
3155
3156
3157
3158
3159
3160
3161
3162
3163
3164
3165
3166
3167
3168
3169
3170
3171

3172
3173
3174

3175
3176
3177
3178
3179
3180
3181
3182
3183
3184
3185
3186
3187
3188
3189
3190

3191

3192






3193












3194
3195
3196
3197
3198
3199
3200
....
3247
3248
3249
3250
3251
3252
3253
3254
3255
3256
3257
3258
3259
3260
3261
3262
3263
3264
3265
3266
3267
3268
....
3274
3275
3276
3277
3278
3279
3280

3281
3282
3283
3284
3285
3286
3287
3288
3289
3290
3291
3292
3293
3294

3295
3296
3297
3298




3299
3300
3301
3302
3303
3304
3305
3306
3307
3308
3309
3310
3311
3312
3313
3314
3315
3316
3317
3318
3319


3320










3321
3322
3323
3324
3325
3326
3327
3328
3329




3330
3331
3332
3333
3334
3335
3336
3337
3338
3339
3340
3341
3342
3343
3344
3345
3346




3347
3348
3349
3350
3351








3352
3353
3354
3355
3356
3357










3358
3359
3360
3361
3362


3363
3364
3365
3366
3367



3368
3369
3370
3371
3372
3373

3374
3375
3376
3377
3378
3379
3380


3381
3382
3383
3384
3385
3386
3387
3388
3389
3390
3391
3392
3393
3394
3395
3396
3397
3398
3399
3400
3401
3402
3403
3404
3405
3406
3407
3408
3409
....
3418
3419
3420
3421
3422
3423
3424
3425
3426
3427
3428
3429
3430
3431
3432
3433
3434
3435
3436
3437
3438
3439
3440
3441
3442
3443
3444
3445
3446
3447
3448
3449
3450
3451
3452
3453
3454
3455
3456
3457
3458
3459
3460
3461
3462
3463








3464
3465
3466
3467
3468
3469
3470
3471
3472
3473

3474
3475





3476
3477
3478
3479
3480
3481
3482
3483
3484
3485

3486
3487
3488
3489
3490
3491
3492
3493
3494
3495
3496
3497
3498
3499
3500
3501
3502
3503
3504
3505
3506
3507
3508
3509
3510
3511
3512
3513
3514
3515
3516
3517
3518
3519
3520
3521
3522
3523
3524
3525
3526
3527
3528
3529
3530
3531
3532
3533
3534
3535
3536
3537
3538
3539
3540
3541
3542
3543
3544
3545
3546
3547
3548
3549
3550
3551
3552
3553
3554

3555
3556
3557
3558
3559
3560
3561
3562
3563
3564
3565
3566
3567
3568
3569
3570
3571
3572
3573
3574
3575

























3576
3577
3578
3579
3580
3581
3582
3583
3584
3585
3586
3587
3588
3589
3590
3591
3592
3593
3594

3595
3596
3597
3598
3599
3600
3601
3602
3603
3604
3605
3606
3607
3608
3609
3610
3611
3612
3613
3614
3615
3616
3617
3618
3619
3620
3621
3622
3623
3624
3625
3626
3627
3628
3629
3630
3631
3632
3633
3634
3635
3636
3637
3638
3639
3640
3641
3642
3643
3644
3645
3646
3647


3648


3649
3650
3651
3652
3653
3654
3655

3656
3657
3658
3659
3660
3661
3662
3663
3664
3665
3666
3667
3668
3669
3670
3671
3672
3673
3674
3675
3676





3677
3678
3679
3680
3681
3682
3683
3684
3685
3686
3687
3688
3689
3690
3691
3692
3693
3694
3695
3696
3697
3698
3699
3700
3701
3702
3703
3704
3705
3706
3707
3708






3709


3710
3711
3712
3713
3714
3715
3716
....
3720
3721
3722
3723
3724
3725
3726
3727
3728



3729
3730
3731
3732
3733
3734
3735
3736
3737
3738

3739
3740
3741
3742
3743
3744
3745
3746
3747
3748
3749
3750
3751

3752


3753
3754
3755
3756
3757
3758
3759
....
3790
3791
3792
3793
3794
3795
3796
3797

3798

3799
3800
3801
3802
3803
3804
3805
....
3810
3811
3812
3813
3814
3815
3816
3817
3818
3819

3820
3821
3822
3823
3824
3825
3826
3827
3828
3829
3830
3831

3832
3833
3834
3835
3836
3837



3838
3839
3840
3841
3842
3843
3844
3845
3846
3847
3848
3849
....
3852
3853
3854
3855
3856
3857
3858

3859
3860
3861
3862
3863
3864
3865
3866
3867
....
3869
3870
3871
3872
3873
3874
3875
3876
3877
3878
3879
3880
3881
3882
3883
3884
3885
....
3944
3945
3946
3947
3948
3949
3950
3951
3952
3953
3954
3955
3956
3957
3958
3959


3960


3961






3962
3963
3964


3965
3966
3967
3968
3969
3970
3971
....
3982
3983
3984
3985
3986
3987
3988
3989
3990
3991
3992
3993
3994
3995
3996
3997
3998
....
4001
4002
4003
4004
4005
4006
4007
4008
4009
4010
4011
4012
4013
4014
4015
....
4016
4017
4018
4019
4020
4021
4022
4023
4024
4025
4026
4027
4028
4029
4030
4031
4032
4033
4034
4035
4036
4037
4038
4039
4040
4041
4042
4043
4044
4045
4046


4047
4048
4049
4050
4051
4052
4053
....
4061
4062
4063
4064
4065
4066
4067
4068
4069
4070
4071
4072
4073
4074
4075
4076
4077
4078
4079
4080
4081
4082
4083
4084
4085
4086
4087
4088
4089
4090
4091
4092
4093
4094
4095
4096
4097
4098
4099

4100
4101
4102
4103
4104
4105
4106
4107
4108
4109
4110
4111
4112
4113
4114
4115
4116
4117
4118
4119
4120
4121
4122
4123

4124
4125
4126
4127
4128

4129
4130
4131
4132
4133
4134
4135
4136






4137
4138
4139
4140
4141
4142
4143
4144
4145
4146
4147
4148
4149
4150




4151
4152
4153
4154
4155
4156
4157
4158
4159




4160

4161
4162
4163


4164
4165
4166
4167
4168
4169
4170
4171
4172
4173
4174
4175
4176
4177
4178
4179
4180
4181
4182
4183
4184
4185
4186
4187
4188
4189
4190
4191
4192
4193
4194
4195
4196
4197
4198
4199
4200
4201

4202
4203


4204
4205
4206
4207
4208
4209
4210
4211

4212

4213
4214
4215
4216

4217
4218
4219
4220
4221
4222
4223
4224
4225
4226
4227
4228
4229
4230
4231
4232
4233
4234
4235
4236
4237
4238
4239
4240
4241
4242
4243
4244
4245
4246
4247

4248
4249
4250
4251
4252

4253
4254
4255
4256
4257
4258
4259
....
4263
4264
4265
4266
4267
4268
4269
4270
4271
4272
4273
4274
4275
4276
4277
4278
4279
....
4284
4285
4286
4287
4288
4289
4290
4291
4292
4293
4294
4295
4296
4297
4298
4299
4300
4301
4302
4303
4304
4305
4306
4307
4308
4309
4310
4311
4312
....
4313
4314
4315
4316
4317
4318
4319
4320
4321

4322
4323
4324
4325
4326
4327
4328
4329
4330
....
4333
4334
4335
4336
4337
4338
4339
4340
4341
4342
4343
4344
4345
4346
4347
4348
4349
4350
4351
4352
4353
4354
4355
4356
4357
4358
4359
4360
4361
4362
4363
4364

4365
4366
4367
4368
4369
4370
4371
4372
4373
4374
4375
4376

4377
4378
4379
4380
4381
4382
4383
4384

4385
4386
4387
4388
4389
4390
4391
4392
4393
4394
4395
4396
4397
4398
4399
4400
4401

4402
4403
4404
4405
4406

4407
4408
4409
4410
4411
4412
4413
4414
4415
4416
4417
4418
4419
4420
4421
4422
4423
4424
4425
4426

4427
4428
4429
4430
4431
4432
4433
4434
4435
4436

4437
4438
4439

4440
















4441
4442
4443
4444

4445
4446
4447
4448
4449
4450
4451
4452
4453
4454
4455
4456




4457

4458
4459

4460
4461
4462


4463
4464
4465
4466

4467
4468
4469

4470
4471
4472
4473
4474
4475
4476
4477
4478
4479
4480
4481
4482
4483
4484
4485


4486
4487
4488
4489
4490
4491
4492
4493
4494
4495
4496
4497
4498
4499
4500
4501
4502
4503
4504
4505
4506
4507
4508
4509
4510
4511
4512
4513
4514
4515
4516
4517
4518
4519
4520
4521
4522
4523
4524
4525
4526
4527
4528
4529

4530
4531
4532
4533
4534
4535
4536
4537
4538
4539
4540
4541
4542
4543
4544
4545

4546
4547

4548
4549
4550
4551
4552
4553
4554
4555
4556
4557
4558
4559
4560
4561
4562
4563
4564
4565
4566
4567
4568
4569
4570
4571





4572
4573
4574
4575
4576
4577
4578
....
4584
4585
4586
4587
4588
4589
4590








4591
4592
4593
4594
4595
4596
4597
4598
4599
4600
4601
4602
4603
4604
4605
4606
4607

4608
4609
4610
4611
4612
4613
4614
4615
4616
4617
4618
4619
4620
4621
4622
4623

4624
4625
4626
4627
4628
4629
4630
4631
4632
4633
4634
4635
4636
4637
4638
4639
4640
4641
4642
4643
4644
4645
4646
4647
4648
4649
....
4661
4662
4663
4664
4665
4666
4667

4668
4669
4670
4671
4672
4673
4674
4675
4676
4677
4678
4679
4680
4681
4682
4683
4684
4685
4686
4687
4688

4689

4690
4691
4692
4693
4694
4695
4696
4697
4698
4699
4700
4701
4702
4703

4704

4705
4706
4707
4708
4709
4710
4711
4712
4713
4714
4715
4716
....
4743
4744
4745
4746
4747
4748
4749
4750
4751
4752
4753
4754
4755
4756
4757
4758
4759
4760
4761
4762
4763
4764
4765
4766
4767
4768
4769
4770
4771
4772
4773
4774
4775
4776
4777
4778
4779
4780
4781
....
4798
4799
4800
4801
4802
4803
4804
4805
4806
4807
4808
4809
4810
4811
4812
4813
4814
4815
4816
4817
....
4824
4825
4826
4827
4828
4829
4830
4831
4832
4833
4834
4835
4836
4837
4838
....
4844
4845
4846
4847
4848
4849
4850
4851
4852
4853
4854
4855
4856
4857
4858
4859
4860
4861
4862
4863
4864
4865
4866
4867
4868
4869
4870
4871
4872
4873
4874
4875
4876
4877
4878
4879
4880
4881
4882
4883
4884
4885
4886
4887
4888
4889
4890
4891
4892
4893
4894
4895
4896
4897
4898
4899
4900
4901
4902
4903
4904
4905
4906
4907
4908
4909
4910
4911
4912
4913
4914
....
4917
4918
4919
4920
4921
4922
4923
4924



4925

4926
4927
4928
4929
4930
4931
4932
4933
4934
4935
4936
4937
4938
4939
4940
4941
4942
4943

4944
4945
4946
4947
4948
4949
4950
....
4951
4952
4953
4954
4955
4956
4957
4958
4959
4960
4961
4962
4963










4964
4965
4966
4967
4968
4969
4970
4971

4972
4973
4974
4975
4976
4977
4978

4979
4980
4981
4982
4983
4984
4985
4986
4987
4988
4989
4990
4991
4992
4993
4994
4995
4996
4997
4998
4999
5000
5001
5002
5003
5004
5005
5006
5007
5008
5009
5010
5011
5012
5013
5014
5015
5016
5017
5018
5019
5020
5021
5022
5023
5024
5025
5026
5027
5028
5029
5030
5031
5032
5033
5034
5035
5036
5037
5038
5039
5040
5041
5042
5043
5044
5045
5046
5047
5048
5049
5050
5051
5052
5053
5054
5055
5056
5057
5058
5059
5060
5061
5062
5063
5064
5065
5066
5067
5068
5069
5070
5071
5072
5073
5074
5075
5076
5077
5078
5079
5080
5081
5082
5083
5084
5085
5086
5087
5088
5089
5090
5091
5092
5093
5094
5095
5096
5097
5098
5099
5100
5101
5102
5103
5104
5105












5106
5107
5108
5109

5110
5111

5112
5113
5114
5115
5116
5117

5118
5119
5120
5121
5122
5123
5124
5125
5126
5127
5128
5129
5130
5131
5132
5133
5134
5135
5136
5137
5138
5139
5140
5141
5142
5143
5144
5145
5146
5147
5148
5149
5150
5151
5152
5153
5154
5155
5156
5157
5158
5159
5160
5161
5162
5163
5164
5165
5166
5167
5168
5169
5170
5171
5172
5173
5174
5175

5176
5177
5178
5179
5180
5181

5182
5183
5184
5185
5186
5187
5188
5189
5190
5191
5192
5193
5194
5195
5196
5197
5198
5199
5200
5201
5202
5203
5204
5205
5206
5207
5208
5209
5210
5211
5212
5213
5214
5215
5216
....
5242
5243
5244
5245
5246
5247
5248
5249
5250
5251
5252
5253
5254
5255
5256
5257
5258
5259
5260
5261
5262
5263
5264
5265
5266
5267
5268
5269
5270
5271
5272
5273
5274
5275
5276
5277
5278
5279
5280
5281
5282
5283
5284
5285
5286
5287
5288
5289
5290

5291
5292
5293
5294
5295
5296
5297
5298


5299

5300
5301
5302
5303
5304
5305
5306
5307
5308
5309
5310
5311
5312
5313
5314
5315
5316
5317
5318
5319
5320
5321
5322
5323
5324
5325
5326
5327
5328
5329
5330
5331
5332
5333
5334
5335
5336
5337
5338
5339
5340
5341
5342
5343
5344
5345
5346
5347
5348
5349
5350
5351
5352
5353
5354
5355
5356
5357
5358
5359
5360
5361
....
5369
5370
5371
5372
5373
5374
5375

5376































































































5377
5378
5379
5380
5381
5382
5383
5384
5385
5386
5387
5388
5389
5390
5391
5392
5393
5394
5395
5396
5397
5398
5399
5400
5401
5402
5403
5404
5405
5406
5407
5408
5409
5410
5411
5412
5413
5414
5415
5416
5417
5418
5419

5420
5421
5422
5423
5424
5425
5426
....
5432
5433
5434
5435
5436
5437
5438
5439
5440
5441
5442
5443
5444
5445
5446
5447
5448
5449

5450
5451

5452
5453
5454
5455
5456
5457
5458
5459
5460

5461
5462
5463
5464
5465
5466
5467
5468
5469
5470
5471
5472
5473
5474
5475
5476
5477
5478
5479
5480
5481

5482
5483
5484
5485
5486
5487
5488
5489


5490
5491
5492





5493
5494
5495
5496
5497

5498
5499
5500
5501
5502
5503
5504
5505
5506
5507
5508
5509
5510

5511
5512
5513
5514
5515

5516






5517
5518
5519


5520
5521
5522
5523
5524
5525
5526
5527
5528
5529
5530
5531
5532
5533
5534
5535
5536
5537
5538
5539
5540
5541
5542

5543

5544
5545
5546
5547
5548

5549
5550
5551

5552



5553
5554


5555


5556
5557
5558
5559
5560
5561
5562
5563
5564
5565
5566
....
5570
5571
5572
5573
5574
5575
5576


5577
5578
5579
5580
5581
5582
5583
5584
5585
5586
5587
5588
5589
5590
5591
5592
5593
5594
5595
5596
5597
5598
5599
5600
5601
5602






5603
5604
5605
5606
5607
5608
5609
5610
5611
5612
5613
5614
5615

5616
5617
5618
5619
5620
5621

5622
5623
5624
5625
5626
5627
5628
5629
5630
5631

5632



5633
5634
5635
5636
5637
5638
5639
5640
5641
5642
5643
5644
5645
5646



5647
5648
5649
5650
5651
5652
5653





5654
5655
5656
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5953
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5966

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5978
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5993
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6015
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6025
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....
6063
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....
6101
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....
6171
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6219
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6235








6236
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6273
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6277
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6307
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6360
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6369
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6396
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6399





6400
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6412
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6426
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6459
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6465
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6468
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6482
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6489









6490
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6495
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6506
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6513
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6558
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6563
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6574
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6585
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6594
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6658


6659
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6664

6665
6666
6667
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6669
6670
6671
6672


6673
6674
6675
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6677
6678
6679
6680


6681
6682
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6685
6686
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6688
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6690
6691


6692
6693
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6733
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6789
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....
6897
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6913
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....
6929
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6937
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....
6957
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6983





6984
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7015
7016

7017
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7020
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7042
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7051
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7053

7054
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7092
7093
....
7097
7098
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7100
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7110
7111
7112
7113
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7115
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7119
7120
7121
7122
7123
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7125
7126
7127
7128
7129
....
7141
7142
7143
7144
7145
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7148
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7150
7151
7152
7153
7154


7155
7156
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7183
7184
7185
7186




7187
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7199
7200
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7204
7205
7206
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7208
7209
7210
7211
7212
7213
7214



7215
7216
7217
7218
7219
7220
7221
7222
7223
7224
7225
7226
7227
7228
7229


7230
7231
7232
7233
7234
7235
7236
7237
7238
7239
7240
7241
7242
7243
7244
7245
7246
7247
7248
7249
7250
7251
7252
7253

7254
7255
7256
7257
7258
7259
7260
7261
7262
7263
7264
7265
7266
7267
7268
7269
7270
7271
7272
7273



7274
7275
7276
7277

7278
7279










7280




7281

7282

7283
7284


7285
7286
7287
7288
7289


7290

7291
7292
7293
7294
7295
7296
7297
7298
7299
7300
7301
7302

7303


7304
7305
7306
7307
7308
7309
7310
7311
7312
7313
7314
7315

7316
7317
7318
7319
7320
7321
7322

7323
7324
7325
7326
7327
7328
7329



7330
7331
7332
7333
7334
7335
7336
7337
7338
7339
7340

7341
7342
7343
7344
7345
7346


7347
7348
7349
7350
7351
7352
7353
7354
7355
7356
7357
7358
7359
7360
7361
7362
7363
7364
7365
7366
7367
7368
7369
7370
7371
7372
7373
7374
7375
7376
7377
7378
7379
7380
7381
7382
7383
7384
7385
7386
7387
7388
7389
7390
7391
7392
7393
7394
7395
7396
....
7430
7431
7432
7433
7434
7435
7436
7437
7438
7439
7440
7441
7442
7443
7444
7445
7446
....
7462
7463
7464
7465
7466
7467
7468
7469
7470
7471
7472
7473
7474
7475
7476
....
7511
7512
7513
7514
7515
7516
7517
7518
7519
7520
7521
7522
7523
7524
7525
....
7568
7569
7570
7571
7572
7573
7574
7575
7576
7577
7578
7579
7580
7581
7582
7583
7584
7585
7586
7587
7588
7589
7590
7591
7592
7593
7594
7595
7596
7597
7598
7599
7600
7601
7602
7603
7604
7605
7606
7607
7608
7609
7610
7611
7612
7613
7614
7615
7616
7617
7618
7619
7620
7621
7622
7623
7624
7625
7626
7627
7628
7629
7630
7631
7632
7633
7634
7635
7636
7637
7638
7639
7640
7641
7642
7643
7644
7645
7646
7647
7648
7649
7650
7651
7652
....
7658
7659
7660
7661
7662
7663
7664
7665
7666
7667
7668
7669
7670
7671
7672
7673
7674
7675
7676
7677
7678
7679
7680
7681
7682
7683
7684
7685
7686
7687
7688
7689
7690
7691
7692
7693
7694
7695
7696
7697
7698
7699
7700
7701
7702
7703
7704
7705
7706
7707
7708
7709
7710
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7721
7722
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7751
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7760
7761
7762
7763
7764
7765
7766
7767
7768
7769
7770
7771
7772
7773
7774
7775
7776

7777
7778
7779
7780
7781
7782
7783
7784
7785
7786
7787
7788
7789
7790
7791
7792
7793

7794
7795
7796
7797
7798
7799
7800
7801
7802
7803
7804
7805
7806
7807
7808
7809
7810
7811





7812
7813

7814
7815
7816
7817
7818





7819

7820
7821
7822
7823
7824

7825
7826
7827
7828
7829
7830
7831
7832
7833
7834
7835
7836
7837
7838
7839
7840
7841
7842
7843
7844
7845
7846
7847
7848
7849
7850
7851
7852
7853
7854
7855
7856
7857
7858
....
7869
7870
7871
7872
7873
7874
7875
7876
7877
7878
7879

7880
7881
7882
7883
7884
7885
7886
7887
....
7906
7907
7908
7909
7910
7911
7912
7913











7914
7915
7916
7917
7918
7919
7920
7921
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** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************


** This file implements a external (disk-based) database using BTrees.
** See the header comment on "btreeInt.h" for additional information.
** Including a description of file format and an overview of operation.
*/
#include "btreeInt.h"

/*
................................................................................
static const char zMagicHeader[] = SQLITE_FILE_HEADER;

/*
** Set this global variable to 1 to enable tracing using the TRACE
** macro.
*/
#if 0
int sqlite3BtreeTrace=1;  /* True to enable tracing */
# define TRACE(X)  if(sqlite3BtreeTrace){printf X;fflush(stdout);}
#else
# define TRACE(X)
#endif


/*
** Extract a 2-byte big-endian integer from an array of unsigned bytes.
** But if the value is zero, make it 65536.
**
** This routine is used to extract the "offset to cell content area" value
** from the header of a btree page.  If the page size is 65536 and the page
** is empty, the offset should be 65536, but the 2-byte value stores zero.
** This routine makes the necessary adjustment to 65536.
*/
#define get2byteNotZero(X)  (((((int)get2byte(X))-1)&0xffff)+1)

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
/*

** A list of BtShared objects that are eligible for participation
** in shared cache.  This variable has file scope during normal builds,
** but the test harness needs to access it so we make it global for 
** test builds.
**
** Access to this variable is protected by SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
BtShared *SQLITE_WSD sqlite3SharedCacheList = 0;

#else
static BtShared *SQLITE_WSD sqlite3SharedCacheList = 0;

#endif
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
/*
** Enable or disable the shared pager and schema features.
**
** This routine has no effect on existing database connections.
** The shared cache setting effects only future calls to
** sqlite3_open(), sqlite3_open16(), or sqlite3_open_v2().
*/
int sqlite3_enable_shared_cache(int enable){
  sqlite3GlobalConfig.sharedCacheEnabled = enable;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
#endif








#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
  /*
  ** The functions querySharedCacheTableLock(), setSharedCacheTableLock(),
  ** and clearAllSharedCacheTableLocks()
  ** manipulate entries in the BtShared.pLock linked list used to store
  ** shared-cache table level locks. If the library is compiled with the
  ** shared-cache feature disabled, then there is only ever one user
  ** of each BtShared structure and so this locking is not necessary. 
  ** So define the lock related functions as no-ops.
  */
  #define querySharedCacheTableLock(a,b,c) SQLITE_OK
  #define setSharedCacheTableLock(a,b,c) SQLITE_OK
  #define clearAllSharedCacheTableLocks(a)
  #define downgradeAllSharedCacheTableLocks(a)
  #define hasSharedCacheTableLock(a,b,c,d) 1
  #define hasReadConflicts(a, b) 0
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
/*
**** This function is only used as part of an assert() statement. ***
**
** Check to see if pBtree holds the required locks to read or write to the 
** table with root page iRoot.   Return 1 if it does and 0 if not.
**
** For example, when writing to a table with root-page iRoot via 
** Btree connection pBtree:
**
**    assert( hasSharedCacheTableLock(pBtree, iRoot, 0, WRITE_LOCK) );
**
** When writing to an index that resides in a sharable database, the 
** caller should have first obtained a lock specifying the root page of
** the corresponding table. This makes things a bit more complicated,
** as this module treats each table as a separate structure. To determine
** the table corresponding to the index being written, this
** function has to search through the database schema.
**
** Instead of a lock on the table/index rooted at page iRoot, the caller may
** hold a write-lock on the schema table (root page 1). This is also
** acceptable.
*/
static int hasSharedCacheTableLock(
  Btree *pBtree,         /* Handle that must hold lock */
  Pgno iRoot,            /* Root page of b-tree */
  int isIndex,           /* True if iRoot is the root of an index b-tree */
  int eLockType          /* Required lock type (READ_LOCK or WRITE_LOCK) */
){
  Schema *pSchema = (Schema *)pBtree->pBt->pSchema;
  Pgno iTab = 0;
  BtLock *pLock;

  /* If this database is not shareable, or if the client is reading
  ** and has the read-uncommitted flag set, then no lock is required. 
  ** Return true immediately.
  */
  if( (pBtree->sharable==0)
   || (eLockType==READ_LOCK && (pBtree->db->flags & SQLITE_ReadUncommitted))
  ){
    return 1;
  }

  /* If the client is reading  or writing an index and the schema is
  ** not loaded, then it is too difficult to actually check to see if
  ** the correct locks are held.  So do not bother - just return true.
  ** This case does not come up very often anyhow.
  */
  if( isIndex && (!pSchema || (pSchema->flags&DB_SchemaLoaded)==0) ){
    return 1;
  }

  /* Figure out the root-page that the lock should be held on. For table
  ** b-trees, this is just the root page of the b-tree being read or
  ** written. For index b-trees, it is the root page of the associated
  ** table.  */
  if( isIndex ){
    HashElem *p;
    for(p=sqliteHashFirst(&pSchema->idxHash); p; p=sqliteHashNext(p)){
      Index *pIdx = (Index *)sqliteHashData(p);
      if( pIdx->tnum==(int)iRoot ){
        iTab = pIdx->pTable->tnum;
      }
    }
  }else{
    iTab = iRoot;
  }

  /* Search for the required lock. Either a write-lock on root-page iTab, a 
  ** write-lock on the schema table, or (if the client is reading) a
  ** read-lock on iTab will suffice. Return 1 if any of these are found.  */
  for(pLock=pBtree->pBt->pLock; pLock; pLock=pLock->pNext){
    if( pLock->pBtree==pBtree 
     && (pLock->iTable==iTab || (pLock->eLock==WRITE_LOCK && pLock->iTable==1))
     && pLock->eLock>=eLockType 
    ){
      return 1;
    }
  }

  /* Failed to find the required lock. */
  return 0;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_DEBUG */

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
/*
**** This function may be used as part of assert() statements only. ****
**
** Return true if it would be illegal for pBtree to write into the
** table or index rooted at iRoot because other shared connections are
** simultaneously reading that same table or index.
**
** It is illegal for pBtree to write if some other Btree object that
** shares the same BtShared object is currently reading or writing
** the iRoot table.  Except, if the other Btree object has the
** read-uncommitted flag set, then it is OK for the other object to
** have a read cursor.
**
** For example, before writing to any part of the table or index
** rooted at page iRoot, one should call:
**
**    assert( !hasReadConflicts(pBtree, iRoot) );
*/
static int hasReadConflicts(Btree *pBtree, Pgno iRoot){
  BtCursor *p;
  for(p=pBtree->pBt->pCursor; p; p=p->pNext){
    if( p->pgnoRoot==iRoot 
     && p->pBtree!=pBtree
     && 0==(p->pBtree->db->flags & SQLITE_ReadUncommitted)
    ){
      return 1;
    }
  }
  return 0;
}
#endif    /* #ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG */

/*
** Query to see if Btree handle p may obtain a lock of type eLock 
** (READ_LOCK or WRITE_LOCK) on the table with root-page iTab. Return
** SQLITE_OK if the lock may be obtained (by calling
** setSharedCacheTableLock()), or SQLITE_LOCKED if not.
*/
static int querySharedCacheTableLock(Btree *p, Pgno iTab, u8 eLock){
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
  BtLock *pIter;

  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(p) );
  assert( eLock==READ_LOCK || eLock==WRITE_LOCK );
  assert( p->db!=0 );
  assert( !(p->db->flags&SQLITE_ReadUncommitted)||eLock==WRITE_LOCK||iTab==1 );
  
  /* If requesting a write-lock, then the Btree must have an open write
  ** transaction on this file. And, obviously, for this to be so there 
  ** must be an open write transaction on the file itself.
  */
  assert( eLock==READ_LOCK || (p==pBt->pWriter && p->inTrans==TRANS_WRITE) );
  assert( eLock==READ_LOCK || pBt->inTransaction==TRANS_WRITE );
  
  /* This routine is a no-op if the shared-cache is not enabled */
  if( !p->sharable ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  /* If some other connection is holding an exclusive lock, the
  ** requested lock may not be obtained.
  */

  if( pBt->pWriter!=p && pBt->isExclusive ){
    sqlite3ConnectionBlocked(p->db, pBt->pWriter->db);
    return SQLITE_LOCKED_SHAREDCACHE;
  }






  for(pIter=pBt->pLock; pIter; pIter=pIter->pNext){
    /* The condition (pIter->eLock!=eLock) in the following if(...) 
    ** statement is a simplification of:
    **



    **   (eLock==WRITE_LOCK || pIter->eLock==WRITE_LOCK)
    **



    ** since we know that if eLock==WRITE_LOCK, then no other connection
    ** may hold a WRITE_LOCK on any table in this file (since there can
    ** only be a single writer).
    */





    assert( pIter->eLock==READ_LOCK || pIter->eLock==WRITE_LOCK );
    assert( eLock==READ_LOCK || pIter->pBtree==p || pIter->eLock==READ_LOCK);
    if( pIter->pBtree!=p && pIter->iTable==iTab && pIter->eLock!=eLock ){

      sqlite3ConnectionBlocked(p->db, pIter->pBtree->db);
      if( eLock==WRITE_LOCK ){
        assert( p==pBt->pWriter );
        pBt->isPending = 1;
      }
      return SQLITE_LOCKED_SHAREDCACHE;
    }
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
#endif /* !SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
/*
** Add a lock on the table with root-page iTable to the shared-btree used
** by Btree handle p. Parameter eLock must be either READ_LOCK or 
** WRITE_LOCK.
**
** This function assumes the following:
**
**   (a) The specified Btree object p is connected to a sharable
**       database (one with the BtShared.sharable flag set), and
**
**   (b) No other Btree objects hold a lock that conflicts
**       with the requested lock (i.e. querySharedCacheTableLock() has
**       already been called and returned SQLITE_OK).
**
** SQLITE_OK is returned if the lock is added successfully. SQLITE_NOMEM 

** is returned if a malloc attempt fails.
*/
static int setSharedCacheTableLock(Btree *p, Pgno iTable, u8 eLock){
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
  BtLock *pLock = 0;
  BtLock *pIter;

  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(p) );
  assert( eLock==READ_LOCK || eLock==WRITE_LOCK );
  assert( p->db!=0 );

  /* A connection with the read-uncommitted flag set will never try to
  ** obtain a read-lock using this function. The only read-lock obtained
  ** by a connection in read-uncommitted mode is on the sqlite_master 
  ** table, and that lock is obtained in BtreeBeginTrans().  */
  assert( 0==(p->db->flags&SQLITE_ReadUncommitted) || eLock==WRITE_LOCK );

  /* This function should only be called on a sharable b-tree after it 
  ** has been determined that no other b-tree holds a conflicting lock.  */
  assert( p->sharable );
  assert( SQLITE_OK==querySharedCacheTableLock(p, iTable, eLock) );










  /* First search the list for an existing lock on this table. */
  for(pIter=pBt->pLock; pIter; pIter=pIter->pNext){
    if( pIter->iTable==iTable && pIter->pBtree==p ){
      pLock = pIter;
      break;
    }
................................................................................

  return SQLITE_OK;
}
#endif /* !SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
/*
** Release all the table locks (locks obtained via calls to
** the setSharedCacheTableLock() procedure) held by Btree object p.
**
** This function assumes that Btree p has an open read or write 
** transaction. If it does not, then the BtShared.isPending variable
** may be incorrectly cleared.
*/

static void clearAllSharedCacheTableLocks(Btree *p){
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
  BtLock **ppIter = &pBt->pLock;

  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(p) );
  assert( p->sharable || 0==*ppIter );
  assert( p->inTrans>0 );

  while( *ppIter ){
    BtLock *pLock = *ppIter;
    assert( pBt->isExclusive==0 || pBt->pWriter==pLock->pBtree );
    assert( pLock->pBtree->inTrans>=pLock->eLock );
    if( pLock->pBtree==p ){
      *ppIter = pLock->pNext;
      assert( pLock->iTable!=1 || pLock==&p->lock );
      if( pLock->iTable!=1 ){
        sqlite3_free(pLock);
      }
    }else{
      ppIter = &pLock->pNext;
    }
  }

  assert( pBt->isPending==0 || pBt->pWriter );
  if( pBt->pWriter==p ){
    pBt->pWriter = 0;
    pBt->isExclusive = 0;
    pBt->isPending = 0;
  }else if( pBt->nTransaction==2 ){
    /* This function is called when Btree p is concluding its 
    ** transaction. If there currently exists a writer, and p is not
    ** that writer, then the number of locks held by connections other
    ** than the writer must be about to drop to zero. In this case
    ** set the isPending flag to 0.
    **
    ** If there is not currently a writer, then BtShared.isPending must
    ** be zero already. So this next line is harmless in that case.
    */
    pBt->isPending = 0;
  }
}

/*
** This function changes all write-locks held by Btree p into read-locks.
*/
static void downgradeAllSharedCacheTableLocks(Btree *p){
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
  if( pBt->pWriter==p ){
    BtLock *pLock;
    pBt->pWriter = 0;
    pBt->isExclusive = 0;
    pBt->isPending = 0;
    for(pLock=pBt->pLock; pLock; pLock=pLock->pNext){
      assert( pLock->eLock==READ_LOCK || pLock->pBtree==p );
      pLock->eLock = READ_LOCK;
    }
  }
}

#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE */

static void releasePage(MemPage *pPage);  /* Forward reference */

/*
***** This routine is used inside of assert() only ****
**
** Verify that the cursor holds the mutex on its BtShared
*/

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
static int cursorHoldsMutex(BtCursor *p){
  return sqlite3_mutex_held(p->pBt->mutex);
}
#endif


#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_INCRBLOB
................................................................................
static void invalidateAllOverflowCache(BtShared *pBt){
  BtCursor *p;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  for(p=pBt->pCursor; p; p=p->pNext){
    invalidateOverflowCache(p);
  }
}

/*
** This function is called before modifying the contents of a table
** to invalidate any incrblob cursors that are open on the
** row or one of the rows being modified.
**
** If argument isClearTable is true, then the entire contents of the
** table is about to be deleted. In this case invalidate all incrblob
** cursors open on any row within the table with root-page pgnoRoot.
**
** Otherwise, if argument isClearTable is false, then the row with
** rowid iRow is being replaced or deleted. In this case invalidate
** only those incrblob cursors open on that specific row.
*/
static void invalidateIncrblobCursors(
  Btree *pBtree,          /* The database file to check */
  i64 iRow,               /* The rowid that might be changing */
  int isClearTable        /* True if all rows are being deleted */
){
  BtCursor *p;
  BtShared *pBt = pBtree->pBt;
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(pBtree) );
  for(p=pBt->pCursor; p; p=p->pNext){
    if( p->isIncrblobHandle && (isClearTable || p->info.nKey==iRow) ){
      p->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;
    }
  }
}

#else
  /* Stub functions when INCRBLOB is omitted */
  #define invalidateOverflowCache(x)
  #define invalidateAllOverflowCache(x)

  #define invalidateIncrblobCursors(x,y,z)
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_INCRBLOB */

/*
** Set bit pgno of the BtShared.pHasContent bitvec. This is called 
** when a page that previously contained data becomes a free-list leaf 
** page.
**
** The BtShared.pHasContent bitvec exists to work around an obscure
** bug caused by the interaction of two useful IO optimizations surrounding
** free-list leaf pages:
**
**   1) When all data is deleted from a page and the page becomes
**      a free-list leaf page, the page is not written to the database
**      (as free-list leaf pages contain no meaningful data). Sometimes
**      such a page is not even journalled (as it will not be modified,
**      why bother journalling it?).
**
**   2) When a free-list leaf page is reused, its content is not read
**      from the database or written to the journal file (why should it
**      be, if it is not at all meaningful?).
**
** By themselves, these optimizations work fine and provide a handy
** performance boost to bulk delete or insert operations. However, if
** a page is moved to the free-list and then reused within the same
** transaction, a problem comes up. If the page is not journalled when
** it is moved to the free-list and it is also not journalled when it
** is extracted from the free-list and reused, then the original data
** may be lost. In the event of a rollback, it may not be possible
** to restore the database to its original configuration.
**
** The solution is the BtShared.pHasContent bitvec. Whenever a page is 
** moved to become a free-list leaf page, the corresponding bit is
** set in the bitvec. Whenever a leaf page is extracted from the free-list,
** optimization 2 above is omitted if the corresponding bit is already
** set in BtShared.pHasContent. The contents of the bitvec are cleared
** at the end of every transaction.
*/
static int btreeSetHasContent(BtShared *pBt, Pgno pgno){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  if( !pBt->pHasContent ){
    assert( pgno<=pBt->nPage );
    pBt->pHasContent = sqlite3BitvecCreate(pBt->nPage);
    if( !pBt->pHasContent ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pgno<=sqlite3BitvecSize(pBt->pHasContent) ){
    rc = sqlite3BitvecSet(pBt->pHasContent, pgno);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Query the BtShared.pHasContent vector.
**
** This function is called when a free-list leaf page is removed from the
** free-list for reuse. It returns false if it is safe to retrieve the
** page from the pager layer with the 'no-content' flag set. True otherwise.
*/
static int btreeGetHasContent(BtShared *pBt, Pgno pgno){
  Bitvec *p = pBt->pHasContent;
  return (p && (pgno>sqlite3BitvecSize(p) || sqlite3BitvecTest(p, pgno)));
}

/*
** Clear (destroy) the BtShared.pHasContent bitvec. This should be
** invoked at the conclusion of each write-transaction.
*/
static void btreeClearHasContent(BtShared *pBt){
  sqlite3BitvecDestroy(pBt->pHasContent);
  pBt->pHasContent = 0;
}

/*
** Save the current cursor position in the variables BtCursor.nKey 
** and BtCursor.pKey. The cursor's state is set to CURSOR_REQUIRESEEK.
**
** The caller must ensure that the cursor is valid (has eState==CURSOR_VALID)
** prior to calling this routine.  
*/
static int saveCursorPosition(BtCursor *pCur){
  int rc;

  assert( CURSOR_VALID==pCur->eState );
  assert( 0==pCur->pKey );
  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );

  rc = sqlite3BtreeKeySize(pCur, &pCur->nKey);
  assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );  /* KeySize() cannot fail */

  /* If this is an intKey table, then the above call to BtreeKeySize()
  ** stores the integer key in pCur->nKey. In this case this value is
  ** all that is required. Otherwise, if pCur is not open on an intKey
  ** table, then malloc space for and store the pCur->nKey bytes of key 
  ** data.
  */
  if( 0==pCur->apPage[0]->intKey ){
    void *pKey = sqlite3Malloc( (int)pCur->nKey );
    if( pKey ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreeKey(pCur, 0, (int)pCur->nKey, pKey);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        pCur->pKey = pKey;
      }else{
        sqlite3_free(pKey);
      }
    }else{
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
  }
  assert( !pCur->apPage[0]->intKey || !pCur->pKey );

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<=pCur->iPage; i++){
      releasePage(pCur->apPage[i]);
      pCur->apPage[i] = 0;
    }
    pCur->iPage = -1;
    pCur->eState = CURSOR_REQUIRESEEK;
  }

  invalidateOverflowCache(pCur);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Save the positions of all cursors (except pExcept) that are open on
** the table  with root-page iRoot. Usually, this is called just before cursor
** pExcept is used to modify the table (BtreeDelete() or BtreeInsert()).
*/
static int saveAllCursors(BtShared *pBt, Pgno iRoot, BtCursor *pExcept){
  BtCursor *p;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  assert( pExcept==0 || pExcept->pBt==pBt );
  for(p=pBt->pCursor; p; p=p->pNext){
................................................................................
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Clear the current cursor position.
*/
void sqlite3BtreeClearCursor(BtCursor *pCur){
  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  sqlite3_free(pCur->pKey);
  pCur->pKey = 0;
  pCur->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;
}

/*
** In this version of BtreeMoveto, pKey is a packed index record
** such as is generated by the OP_MakeRecord opcode.  Unpack the
** record and then call BtreeMovetoUnpacked() to do the work.
*/
static int btreeMoveto(
  BtCursor *pCur,     /* Cursor open on the btree to be searched */
  const void *pKey,   /* Packed key if the btree is an index */
  i64 nKey,           /* Integer key for tables.  Size of pKey for indices */
  int bias,           /* Bias search to the high end */
  int *pRes           /* Write search results here */
){
  int rc;                    /* Status code */
  UnpackedRecord *pIdxKey;   /* Unpacked index key */
  char aSpace[150];          /* Temp space for pIdxKey - to avoid a malloc */

  if( pKey ){
    assert( nKey==(i64)(int)nKey );
    pIdxKey = sqlite3VdbeRecordUnpack(pCur->pKeyInfo, (int)nKey, pKey,
                                      aSpace, sizeof(aSpace));
    if( pIdxKey==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }else{
    pIdxKey = 0;
  }
  rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(pCur, pIdxKey, nKey, bias, pRes);
  if( pKey ){
    sqlite3VdbeDeleteUnpackedRecord(pIdxKey);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Restore the cursor to the position it was in (or as close to as possible)
** when saveCursorPosition() was called. Note that this call deletes the 
** saved position info stored by saveCursorPosition(), so there can be
** at most one effective restoreCursorPosition() call after each 
** saveCursorPosition().
*/
static int btreeRestoreCursorPosition(BtCursor *pCur){
  int rc;
  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( pCur->eState>=CURSOR_REQUIRESEEK );
  if( pCur->eState==CURSOR_FAULT ){
    return pCur->skipNext;
  }
  pCur->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;
  rc = btreeMoveto(pCur, pCur->pKey, pCur->nKey, 0, &pCur->skipNext);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3_free(pCur->pKey);
    pCur->pKey = 0;
    assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID || pCur->eState==CURSOR_INVALID );
  }
  return rc;
}

#define restoreCursorPosition(p) \
  (p->eState>=CURSOR_REQUIRESEEK ? \
         btreeRestoreCursorPosition(p) : \
         SQLITE_OK)

/*
** Determine whether or not a cursor has moved from the position it
** was last placed at.  Cursors can move when the row they are pointing
** at is deleted out from under them.
**
** This routine returns an error code if something goes wrong.  The
** integer *pHasMoved is set to one if the cursor has moved and 0 if not.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeCursorHasMoved(BtCursor *pCur, int *pHasMoved){
  int rc;

  rc = restoreCursorPosition(pCur);
  if( rc ){
    *pHasMoved = 1;
    return rc;
  }
  if( pCur->eState!=CURSOR_VALID || pCur->skipNext!=0 ){
    *pHasMoved = 1;
  }else{
    *pHasMoved = 0;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
/*
** Given a page number of a regular database page, return the page
** number for the pointer-map page that contains the entry for the
** input page number.
**
** Return 0 (not a valid page) for pgno==1 since there is
** no pointer map associated with page 1.  The integrity_check logic
** requires that ptrmapPageno(*,1)!=1.
*/
static Pgno ptrmapPageno(BtShared *pBt, Pgno pgno){
  int nPagesPerMapPage;
  Pgno iPtrMap, ret;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  if( pgno<2 ) return 0;
  nPagesPerMapPage = (pBt->usableSize/5)+1;
  iPtrMap = (pgno-2)/nPagesPerMapPage;
  ret = (iPtrMap*nPagesPerMapPage) + 2; 
  if( ret==PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) ){
    ret++;
  }
  return ret;
................................................................................
}

/*
** Write an entry into the pointer map.
**
** This routine updates the pointer map entry for page number 'key'
** so that it maps to type 'eType' and parent page number 'pgno'.
**
** If *pRC is initially non-zero (non-SQLITE_OK) then this routine is
** a no-op.  If an error occurs, the appropriate error code is written
** into *pRC.
*/
static void ptrmapPut(BtShared *pBt, Pgno key, u8 eType, Pgno parent, int *pRC){
  DbPage *pDbPage;  /* The pointer map page */
  u8 *pPtrmap;      /* The pointer map data */
  Pgno iPtrmap;     /* The pointer map page number */
  int offset;       /* Offset in pointer map page */
  int rc;           /* Return code from subfunctions */

  if( *pRC ) return;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  /* The master-journal page number must never be used as a pointer map page */
  assert( 0==PTRMAP_ISPAGE(pBt, PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt)) );

  assert( pBt->autoVacuum );
  if( key==0 ){
    *pRC = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    return;
  }
  iPtrmap = PTRMAP_PAGENO(pBt, key);
  rc = sqlite3PagerGet(pBt->pPager, iPtrmap, &pDbPage);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    *pRC = rc;
    return;
  }
  offset = PTRMAP_PTROFFSET(iPtrmap, key);
  if( offset<0 ){
    *pRC = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    goto ptrmap_exit;
  }
  pPtrmap = (u8 *)sqlite3PagerGetData(pDbPage);

  if( eType!=pPtrmap[offset] || get4byte(&pPtrmap[offset+1])!=parent ){
    TRACE(("PTRMAP_UPDATE: %d->(%d,%d)\n", key, eType, parent));
    *pRC= rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pDbPage);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      pPtrmap[offset] = eType;
      put4byte(&pPtrmap[offset+1], parent);
    }
  }

ptrmap_exit:
  sqlite3PagerUnref(pDbPage);

}

/*
** Read an entry from the pointer map.
**
** This routine retrieves the pointer map entry for page 'key', writing
** the type and parent page number to *pEType and *pPgno respectively.
................................................................................

  sqlite3PagerUnref(pDbPage);
  if( *pEType<1 || *pEType>5 ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

#else /* if defined SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM */
  #define ptrmapPut(w,x,y,z,rc)
  #define ptrmapGet(w,x,y,z) SQLITE_OK
  #define ptrmapPutOvflPtr(x, y, rc)
#endif

/*
** Given a btree page and a cell index (0 means the first cell on
** the page, 1 means the second cell, and so forth) return a pointer
** to the cell content.
**
................................................................................
** This routine works only for pages that do not contain overflow cells.
*/
#define findCell(P,I) \
  ((P)->aData + ((P)->maskPage & get2byte(&(P)->aData[(P)->cellOffset+2*(I)])))

/*
** This a more complex version of findCell() that works for
** pages that do contain overflow cells.
*/
static u8 *findOverflowCell(MemPage *pPage, int iCell){
  int i;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  for(i=pPage->nOverflow-1; i>=0; i--){
    int k;
    struct _OvflCell *pOvfl;
................................................................................
    }
  }
  return findCell(pPage, iCell);
}

/*
** Parse a cell content block and fill in the CellInfo structure.  There
** are two versions of this function.  btreeParseCell() takes a 
** cell index as the second argument and btreeParseCellPtr() 
** takes a pointer to the body of the cell as its second argument.
**
** Within this file, the parseCell() macro can be called instead of
** btreeParseCellPtr(). Using some compilers, this will be faster.
*/
static void btreeParseCellPtr(
  MemPage *pPage,         /* Page containing the cell */
  u8 *pCell,              /* Pointer to the cell text. */
  CellInfo *pInfo         /* Fill in this structure */
){
  u16 n;                  /* Number bytes in cell content header */
  u32 nPayload;           /* Number of bytes of cell payload */

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );

  pInfo->pCell = pCell;
  assert( pPage->leaf==0 || pPage->leaf==1 );
  n = pPage->childPtrSize;
................................................................................
  }else{
    pInfo->nData = 0;
    n += getVarint32(&pCell[n], nPayload);
    pInfo->nKey = nPayload;
  }
  pInfo->nPayload = nPayload;
  pInfo->nHeader = n;
  testcase( nPayload==pPage->maxLocal );
  testcase( nPayload==pPage->maxLocal+1 );
  if( likely(nPayload<=pPage->maxLocal) ){
    /* This is the (easy) common case where the entire payload fits
    ** on the local page.  No overflow is required.
    */
    int nSize;          /* Total size of cell content in bytes */
    nSize = nPayload + n;
    pInfo->nLocal = (u16)nPayload;
    pInfo->iOverflow = 0;
    if( (nSize & ~3)==0 ){
      nSize = 4;        /* Minimum cell size is 4 */
    }
    pInfo->nSize = (u16)nSize;
  }else{
    /* If the payload will not fit completely on the local page, we have
    ** to decide how much to store locally and how much to spill onto
    ** overflow pages.  The strategy is to minimize the amount of unused
    ** space on overflow pages while keeping the amount of local storage
    ** in between minLocal and maxLocal.
    **
................................................................................
    int minLocal;  /* Minimum amount of payload held locally */
    int maxLocal;  /* Maximum amount of payload held locally */
    int surplus;   /* Overflow payload available for local storage */

    minLocal = pPage->minLocal;
    maxLocal = pPage->maxLocal;
    surplus = minLocal + (nPayload - minLocal)%(pPage->pBt->usableSize - 4);
    testcase( surplus==maxLocal );
    testcase( surplus==maxLocal+1 );
    if( surplus <= maxLocal ){
      pInfo->nLocal = (u16)surplus;
    }else{
      pInfo->nLocal = (u16)minLocal;
    }
    pInfo->iOverflow = (u16)(pInfo->nLocal + n);
    pInfo->nSize = pInfo->iOverflow + 4;
  }
}
#define parseCell(pPage, iCell, pInfo) \
  btreeParseCellPtr((pPage), findCell((pPage), (iCell)), (pInfo))
static void btreeParseCell(
  MemPage *pPage,         /* Page containing the cell */
  int iCell,              /* The cell index.  First cell is 0 */
  CellInfo *pInfo         /* Fill in this structure */
){
  parseCell(pPage, iCell, pInfo);
}

/*
** Compute the total number of bytes that a Cell needs in the cell
** data area of the btree-page.  The return number includes the cell
** data header and the local payload, but not any overflow page or
** the space used by the cell pointer.
*/

static u16 cellSizePtr(MemPage *pPage, u8 *pCell){


  u8 *pIter = &pCell[pPage->childPtrSize];
  u32 nSize;

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  /* The value returned by this function should always be the same as
  ** the (CellInfo.nSize) value found by doing a full parse of the
  ** cell. If SQLITE_DEBUG is defined, an assert() at the bottom of
  ** this function verifies that this invariant is not violated. */
  CellInfo debuginfo;
  btreeParseCellPtr(pPage, pCell, &debuginfo);
#endif

  if( pPage->intKey ){
    u8 *pEnd;
    if( pPage->hasData ){
      pIter += getVarint32(pIter, nSize);
    }else{
      nSize = 0;
    }

    /* pIter now points at the 64-bit integer key value, a variable length 
    ** integer. The following block moves pIter to point at the first byte
    ** past the end of the key value. */
    pEnd = &pIter[9];
    while( (*pIter++)&0x80 && pIter<pEnd );
  }else{
    pIter += getVarint32(pIter, nSize);
  }

  testcase( nSize==pPage->maxLocal );
  testcase( nSize==pPage->maxLocal+1 );
  if( nSize>pPage->maxLocal ){
    int minLocal = pPage->minLocal;
    nSize = minLocal + (nSize - minLocal) % (pPage->pBt->usableSize - 4);
    testcase( nSize==pPage->maxLocal );
    testcase( nSize==pPage->maxLocal+1 );
    if( nSize>pPage->maxLocal ){
      nSize = minLocal;
    }
    nSize += 4;
  }
  nSize += (u32)(pIter - pCell);

  /* The minimum size of any cell is 4 bytes. */
  if( nSize<4 ){
    nSize = 4;
  }

  assert( nSize==debuginfo.nSize );
  return (u16)nSize;
}

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
/* This variation on cellSizePtr() is used inside of assert() statements
** only. */
static u16 cellSize(MemPage *pPage, int iCell){
  return cellSizePtr(pPage, findCell(pPage, iCell));
}
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
/*
** If the cell pCell, part of page pPage contains a pointer
** to an overflow page, insert an entry into the pointer-map
** for the overflow page.
*/
static void ptrmapPutOvflPtr(MemPage *pPage, u8 *pCell, int *pRC){
  CellInfo info;
  if( *pRC ) return;
  assert( pCell!=0 );
  btreeParseCellPtr(pPage, pCell, &info);
  assert( (info.nData+(pPage->intKey?0:info.nKey))==info.nPayload );

  if( info.iOverflow ){
    Pgno ovfl = get4byte(&pCell[info.iOverflow]);
    ptrmapPut(pPage->pBt, ovfl, PTRMAP_OVERFLOW1, pPage->pgno, pRC);
  }












}
#endif


/*
** Defragment the page given.  All Cells are moved to the
** end of the page and all free space is collected into one
** big FreeBlk that occurs in between the header and cell
** pointer array and the cell content area.
*/
static int defragmentPage(MemPage *pPage){
  int i;                     /* Loop counter */
  int pc;                    /* Address of a i-th cell */

  int hdr;                   /* Offset to the page header */
  int size;                  /* Size of a cell */
  int usableSize;            /* Number of usable bytes on a page */
  int cellOffset;            /* Offset to the cell pointer array */
  int cbrk;                  /* Offset to the cell content area */
  int nCell;                 /* Number of cells on the page */
  unsigned char *data;       /* The page data */
  unsigned char *temp;       /* Temp area for cell content */
  int iCellFirst;            /* First allowable cell index */
  int iCellLast;             /* Last possible cell index */


  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pPage->pDbPage) );
  assert( pPage->pBt!=0 );
  assert( pPage->pBt->usableSize <= SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE );
  assert( pPage->nOverflow==0 );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  temp = sqlite3PagerTempSpace(pPage->pBt->pPager);
  data = pPage->aData;
  hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;
  cellOffset = pPage->cellOffset;
  nCell = pPage->nCell;
  assert( nCell==get2byte(&data[hdr+3]) );
  usableSize = pPage->pBt->usableSize;
  cbrk = get2byte(&data[hdr+5]);
  memcpy(&temp[cbrk], &data[cbrk], usableSize - cbrk);
  cbrk = usableSize;
  iCellFirst = cellOffset + 2*nCell;
  iCellLast = usableSize - 4;
  for(i=0; i<nCell; i++){
    u8 *pAddr;     /* The i-th cell pointer */
    pAddr = &data[cellOffset + i*2];
    pc = get2byte(pAddr);
    testcase( pc==iCellFirst );
    testcase( pc==iCellLast );
#if !defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_OVERSIZE_CELL_CHECK)
    /* These conditions have already been verified in btreeInitPage()
    ** if SQLITE_ENABLE_OVERSIZE_CELL_CHECK is defined 
    */
    if( pc<iCellFirst || pc>iCellLast ){
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }
#endif
    assert( pc>=iCellFirst && pc<=iCellLast );
    size = cellSizePtr(pPage, &temp[pc]);
    cbrk -= size;
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_OVERSIZE_CELL_CHECK)
    if( cbrk<iCellFirst ){
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }
#else
    if( cbrk<iCellFirst || pc+size>usableSize ){
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }
#endif
    assert( cbrk+size<=usableSize && cbrk>=iCellFirst );
    testcase( cbrk+size==usableSize );
    testcase( pc+size==usableSize );
    memcpy(&data[cbrk], &temp[pc], size);
    put2byte(pAddr, cbrk);
  }

  assert( cbrk>=iCellFirst );
  put2byte(&data[hdr+5], cbrk);
  data[hdr+1] = 0;
  data[hdr+2] = 0;
  data[hdr+7] = 0;


  memset(&data[iCellFirst], 0, cbrk-iCellFirst);
  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pPage->pDbPage) );
  if( cbrk-iCellFirst!=pPage->nFree ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Allocate nByte bytes of space from within the B-Tree page passed
** as the first argument. Write into *pIdx the index into pPage->aData[]
** of the first byte of allocated space. Return either SQLITE_OK or
** an error code (usually SQLITE_CORRUPT).
**

** The caller guarantees that there is sufficient space to make the
** allocation.  This routine might need to defragment in order to bring
** all the space together, however.  This routine will avoid using





** the first two bytes past the cell pointer area since presumably this
** allocation is being made in order to insert a new cell, so we will
** also end up needing a new cell pointer.
*/
static int allocateSpace(MemPage *pPage, int nByte, int *pIdx){







  const int hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;    /* Local cache of pPage->hdrOffset */
  u8 * const data = pPage->aData;      /* Local cache of pPage->aData */
  int nFrag;                           /* Number of fragmented bytes on pPage */
  int top;                             /* First byte of cell content area */
  int gap;        /* First byte of gap between cell pointers and cell content */
  int rc;         /* Integer return code */
  int usableSize; /* Usable size of the page */
  

  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pPage->pDbPage) );
  assert( pPage->pBt );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  assert( nByte>=0 );  /* Minimum cell size is 4 */
  assert( pPage->nFree>=nByte );
  assert( pPage->nOverflow==0 );


  usableSize = pPage->pBt->usableSize;
  assert( nByte < usableSize-8 );

  nFrag = data[hdr+7];
  assert( pPage->cellOffset == hdr + 12 - 4*pPage->leaf );
  gap = pPage->cellOffset + 2*pPage->nCell;
  top = get2byteNotZero(&data[hdr+5]);
  if( gap>top ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  testcase( gap+2==top );
  testcase( gap+1==top );
  testcase( gap==top );

  if( nFrag>=60 ){
    /* Always defragment highly fragmented pages */
    rc = defragmentPage(pPage);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    top = get2byteNotZero(&data[hdr+5]);
  }else if( gap+2<=top ){
    /* Search the freelist looking for a free slot big enough to satisfy 


    ** the request. The allocation is made from the first free slot in 
    ** the list that is large enough to accomadate it.
    */
    int pc, addr;
    for(addr=hdr+1; (pc = get2byte(&data[addr]))>0; addr=pc){
      int size;            /* Size of the free slot */
      if( pc>usableSize-4 || pc<addr+4 ){
        return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      }
      size = get2byte(&data[pc+2]);
      if( size>=nByte ){

        int x = size - nByte;
        testcase( x==4 );
        testcase( x==3 );
        if( x<4 ){
          /* Remove the slot from the free-list. Update the number of
          ** fragmented bytes within the page. */
          memcpy(&data[addr], &data[pc], 2);
          data[hdr+7] = (u8)(nFrag + x);
        }else if( size+pc > usableSize ){
          return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
        }else{
          /* The slot remains on the free-list. Reduce its size to account
          ** for the portion used by the new allocation. */
          put2byte(&data[pc+2], x);

        }
        *pIdx = pc + x;
        return SQLITE_OK;
      }

    }
  }



  /* Check to make sure there is enough space in the gap to satisfy
  ** the allocation.  If not, defragment.
  */




  testcase( gap+2+nByte==top );
  if( gap+2+nByte>top ){
    rc = defragmentPage(pPage);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    top = get2byteNotZero(&data[hdr+5]);
    assert( gap+nByte<=top );
  }


  /* Allocate memory from the gap in between the cell pointer array
  ** and the cell content area.  The btreeInitPage() call has already
  ** validated the freelist.  Given that the freelist is valid, there
  ** is no way that the allocation can extend off the end of the page.
  ** The assert() below verifies the previous sentence.
  */
  top -= nByte;

  put2byte(&data[hdr+5], top);
  assert( top+nByte <= pPage->pBt->usableSize );
  *pIdx = top;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Return a section of the pPage->aData to the freelist.
** The first byte of the new free block is pPage->aDisk[start]
** and the size of the block is "size" bytes.
**
** Most of the effort here is involved in coalesing adjacent
** free blocks into a single big free block.
*/
static int freeSpace(MemPage *pPage, int start, int size){
  int addr, pbegin, hdr;
  int iLast;                        /* Largest possible freeblock offset */
  unsigned char *data = pPage->aData;

  assert( pPage->pBt!=0 );
  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pPage->pDbPage) );
  assert( start>=pPage->hdrOffset+6+pPage->childPtrSize );
  assert( (start + size)<=pPage->pBt->usableSize );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  assert( size>=0 );   /* Minimum cell size is 4 */

  if( pPage->pBt->secureDelete ){
    /* Overwrite deleted information with zeros when the secure_delete
    ** option is enabled */
    memset(&data[start], 0, size);

  }

  /* Add the space back into the linked list of freeblocks.  Note that
  ** even though the freeblock list was checked by btreeInitPage(),
  ** btreeInitPage() did not detect overlapping cells or
  ** freeblocks that overlapped cells.   Nor does it detect when the
  ** cell content area exceeds the value in the page header.  If these
  ** situations arise, then subsequent insert operations might corrupt
  ** the freelist.  So we do need to check for corruption while scanning
  ** the freelist.
  */
  hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;
  addr = hdr + 1;
  iLast = pPage->pBt->usableSize - 4;
  assert( start<=iLast );
  while( (pbegin = get2byte(&data[addr]))<start && pbegin>0 ){

    if( pbegin<addr+4 ){
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }
    addr = pbegin;
  }

  if( pbegin>iLast ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  assert( pbegin>addr || pbegin==0 );
  put2byte(&data[addr], start);
  put2byte(&data[start], pbegin);
  put2byte(&data[start+2], size);
  pPage->nFree = pPage->nFree + (u16)size;

  /* Coalesce adjacent free blocks */
  addr = hdr + 1;
  while( (pbegin = get2byte(&data[addr]))>0 ){
    int pnext, psize, x;
    assert( pbegin>addr );
    assert( pbegin<=pPage->pBt->usableSize-4 );
    pnext = get2byte(&data[pbegin]);
    psize = get2byte(&data[pbegin+2]);
    if( pbegin + psize + 3 >= pnext && pnext>0 ){
      int frag = pnext - (pbegin+psize);
      if( (frag<0) || (frag>(int)data[hdr+7]) ){
        return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      }
      data[hdr+7] -= (u8)frag;
      x = get2byte(&data[pnext]);
      put2byte(&data[pbegin], x);
      x = pnext + get2byte(&data[pnext+2]) - pbegin;
      put2byte(&data[pbegin+2], x);
    }else{
      addr = pbegin;
    }
  }

  /* If the cell content area begins with a freeblock, remove it. */
  if( data[hdr+1]==data[hdr+5] && data[hdr+2]==data[hdr+6] ){
    int top;
    pbegin = get2byte(&data[hdr+1]);
    memcpy(&data[hdr+1], &data[pbegin], 2);
    top = get2byte(&data[hdr+5]) + get2byte(&data[pbegin+2]);
    put2byte(&data[hdr+5], top);
  }
  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pPage->pDbPage) );
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Decode the flags byte (the first byte of the header) for a page
** and initialize fields of the MemPage structure accordingly.
**
** Only the following combinations are supported.  Anything different
................................................................................
**         PTF_LEAFDATA | PTF_INTKEY | PTF_LEAF
*/
static int decodeFlags(MemPage *pPage, int flagByte){
  BtShared *pBt;     /* A copy of pPage->pBt */

  assert( pPage->hdrOffset==(pPage->pgno==1 ? 100 : 0) );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  pPage->leaf = (u8)(flagByte>>3);  assert( PTF_LEAF == 1<<3 );
  flagByte &= ~PTF_LEAF;
  pPage->childPtrSize = 4-4*pPage->leaf;
  pBt = pPage->pBt;
  if( flagByte==(PTF_LEAFDATA | PTF_INTKEY) ){
    pPage->intKey = 1;
    pPage->hasData = pPage->leaf;
    pPage->maxLocal = pBt->maxLeaf;
................................................................................
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Initialize the auxiliary information for a disk block.
**




** Return SQLITE_OK on success.  If we see that the page does
** not contain a well-formed database page, then return 
** SQLITE_CORRUPT.  Note that a return of SQLITE_OK does not
** guarantee that the page is well-formed.  It only shows that
** we failed to detect any corruption.
*/
static int btreeInitPage(MemPage *pPage){


  assert( pPage->pBt!=0 );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  assert( pPage->pgno==sqlite3PagerPagenumber(pPage->pDbPage) );
  assert( pPage == sqlite3PagerGetExtra(pPage->pDbPage) );
  assert( pPage->aData == sqlite3PagerGetData(pPage->pDbPage) );

  if( !pPage->isInit ){
    u16 pc;            /* Address of a freeblock within pPage->aData[] */
    u8 hdr;            /* Offset to beginning of page header */
    u8 *data;          /* Equal to pPage->aData */
    BtShared *pBt;        /* The main btree structure */
    int usableSize;    /* Amount of usable space on each page */
    u16 cellOffset;    /* Offset from start of page to first cell pointer */
    int nFree;         /* Number of unused bytes on the page */
    int top;           /* First byte of the cell content area */
    int iCellFirst;    /* First allowable cell or freeblock offset */
    int iCellLast;     /* Last possible cell or freeblock offset */

    pBt = pPage->pBt;















    hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;
    data = pPage->aData;
    if( decodeFlags(pPage, data[hdr]) ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    assert( pBt->pageSize>=512 && pBt->pageSize<=65536 );
    pPage->maskPage = (u16)(pBt->pageSize - 1);
    pPage->nOverflow = 0;

    usableSize = pBt->usableSize;
    pPage->cellOffset = cellOffset = hdr + 12 - 4*pPage->leaf;
    top = get2byteNotZero(&data[hdr+5]);
    pPage->nCell = get2byte(&data[hdr+3]);
    if( pPage->nCell>MX_CELL(pBt) ){
      /* To many cells for a single page.  The page must be corrupt */
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }

    testcase( pPage->nCell==MX_CELL(pBt) );

    /* A malformed database page might cause us to read past the end
    ** of page when parsing a cell.  
    **
    ** The following block of code checks early to see if a cell extends
    ** past the end of a page boundary and causes SQLITE_CORRUPT to be 
    ** returned if it does.
    */
    iCellFirst = cellOffset + 2*pPage->nCell;
    iCellLast = usableSize - 4;
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_OVERSIZE_CELL_CHECK)
    {
      int i;            /* Index into the cell pointer array */
      int sz;           /* Size of a cell */

      if( !pPage->leaf ) iCellLast--;
      for(i=0; i<pPage->nCell; i++){
        pc = get2byte(&data[cellOffset+i*2]);
        testcase( pc==iCellFirst );
        testcase( pc==iCellLast );
        if( pc<iCellFirst || pc>iCellLast ){
          return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
        }
        sz = cellSizePtr(pPage, &data[pc]);
        testcase( pc+sz==usableSize );
        if( pc+sz>usableSize ){
          return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
        }
      }
      if( !pPage->leaf ) iCellLast++;
    }  
#endif

    /* Compute the total free space on the page */
    pc = get2byte(&data[hdr+1]);
    nFree = data[hdr+7] + top;
    while( pc>0 ){
      u16 next, size;

      if( pc<iCellFirst || pc>iCellLast ){
        /* Start of free block is off the page */
        return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT; 
      }
      next = get2byte(&data[pc]);
      size = get2byte(&data[pc+2]);
      if( (next>0 && next<=pc+size+3) || pc+size>usableSize ){
        /* Free blocks must be in ascending order. And the last byte of
	** the free-block must lie on the database page.  */
        return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT; 
      }
      nFree = nFree + size;
      pc = next;
    }












    /* At this point, nFree contains the sum of the offset to the start
    ** of the cell-content area plus the number of free bytes within
    ** the cell-content area. If this is greater than the usable-size
    ** of the page, then the page must be corrupted. This check also
    ** serves to verify that the offset to the start of the cell-content
    ** area, according to the page header, lies within the page.
    */








    if( nFree>usableSize ){
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT; 
    }



    pPage->nFree = (u16)(nFree - iCellFirst);
    pPage->isInit = 1;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Set up a raw page so that it looks like a database page holding
** no entries.
*/
static void zeroPage(MemPage *pPage, int flags){
  unsigned char *data = pPage->aData;
  BtShared *pBt = pPage->pBt;
  u8 hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;
  u16 first;

  assert( sqlite3PagerPagenumber(pPage->pDbPage)==pPage->pgno );
  assert( sqlite3PagerGetExtra(pPage->pDbPage) == (void*)pPage );
  assert( sqlite3PagerGetData(pPage->pDbPage) == data );
  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pPage->pDbPage) );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  if( pBt->secureDelete ){
    memset(&data[hdr], 0, pBt->usableSize - hdr);
  }
  data[hdr] = (char)flags;
  first = hdr + 8 + 4*((flags&PTF_LEAF)==0 ?1:0);
  memset(&data[hdr+1], 0, 4);
  data[hdr+7] = 0;
  put2byte(&data[hdr+5], pBt->usableSize);
  pPage->nFree = (u16)(pBt->usableSize - first);
  decodeFlags(pPage, flags);
  pPage->hdrOffset = hdr;
  pPage->cellOffset = first;
  pPage->nOverflow = 0;
  assert( pBt->pageSize>=512 && pBt->pageSize<=65536 );
  pPage->maskPage = (u16)(pBt->pageSize - 1);

  pPage->nCell = 0;
  pPage->isInit = 1;
}


/*
** Convert a DbPage obtained from the pager into a MemPage used by
** the btree layer.
*/
static MemPage *btreePageFromDbPage(DbPage *pDbPage, Pgno pgno, BtShared *pBt){
  MemPage *pPage = (MemPage*)sqlite3PagerGetExtra(pDbPage);
  pPage->aData = sqlite3PagerGetData(pDbPage);
  pPage->pDbPage = pDbPage;
  pPage->pBt = pBt;
  pPage->pgno = pgno;
  pPage->hdrOffset = pPage->pgno==1 ? 100 : 0;
  return pPage; 
}

/*
** Get a page from the pager.  Initialize the MemPage.pBt and
** MemPage.aData elements if needed.
**
** If the noContent flag is set, it means that we do not care about
** the content of the page at this time.  So do not go to the disk
** to fetch the content.  Just fill in the content with zeros for now.
** If in the future we call sqlite3PagerWrite() on this page, that
** means we have started to be concerned about content and the disk
** read should occur at that point.
*/
static int btreeGetPage(
  BtShared *pBt,       /* The btree */
  Pgno pgno,           /* Number of the page to fetch */
  MemPage **ppPage,    /* Return the page in this parameter */
  int noContent        /* Do not load page content if true */
){
  int rc;

  DbPage *pDbPage;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  rc = sqlite3PagerAcquire(pBt->pPager, pgno, (DbPage**)&pDbPage, noContent);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  *ppPage = btreePageFromDbPage(pDbPage, pgno, pBt);
  return SQLITE_OK;

}

/*
** Retrieve a page from the pager cache. If the requested page is not
** already in the pager cache return NULL. Initialize the MemPage.pBt and
** MemPage.aData elements if needed.
*/
static MemPage *btreePageLookup(BtShared *pBt, Pgno pgno){
  DbPage *pDbPage;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  pDbPage = sqlite3PagerLookup(pBt->pPager, pgno);
  if( pDbPage ){




    return btreePageFromDbPage(pDbPage, pgno, pBt);
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** Return the size of the database file in pages. If there is any kind of
** error, return ((unsigned int)-1).
*/
static Pgno btreePagecount(BtShared *pBt){
  return pBt->nPage;
}
u32 sqlite3BtreeLastPage(Btree *p){
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(p) );
  assert( ((p->pBt->nPage)&0x8000000)==0 );
  return (int)btreePagecount(p->pBt);
}

/*
** Get a page from the pager and initialize it.  This routine is just a
** convenience wrapper around separate calls to btreeGetPage() and 
** btreeInitPage().
**
** If an error occurs, then the value *ppPage is set to is undefined. It
** may remain unchanged, or it may be set to an invalid value.
*/
static int getAndInitPage(
  BtShared *pBt,          /* The database file */
  Pgno pgno,           /* Number of the page to get */
  MemPage **ppPage     /* Write the page pointer here */

){
  int rc;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );

  if( pgno>btreePagecount(pBt) ){
    rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;

  }else{
    rc = btreeGetPage(pBt, pgno, ppPage, 0);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = btreeInitPage(*ppPage);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        releasePage(*ppPage);

      }
    }
  }

  testcase( pgno==0 );
  assert( pgno!=0 || rc==SQLITE_CORRUPT );
  return rc;
}

/*
** Release a MemPage.  This should be called once for each prior
** call to btreeGetPage.
*/
static void releasePage(MemPage *pPage){
  if( pPage ){
    assert( pPage->aData );
    assert( pPage->pBt );
    assert( sqlite3PagerGetExtra(pPage->pDbPage) == (void*)pPage );
    assert( sqlite3PagerGetData(pPage->pDbPage)==pPage->aData );
    assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
    sqlite3PagerUnref(pPage->pDbPage);
  }
}




















/*
** During a rollback, when the pager reloads information into the cache
** so that the cache is restored to its original state at the start of
** the transaction, for each page restored this routine is called.
**
** This routine needs to reset the extra data section at the end of the
** page to agree with the restored data.
*/
static void pageReinit(DbPage *pData){
  MemPage *pPage;

  pPage = (MemPage *)sqlite3PagerGetExtra(pData);
  assert( sqlite3PagerPageRefcount(pData)>0 );
  if( pPage->isInit ){
    assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
    pPage->isInit = 0;
    if( sqlite3PagerPageRefcount(pData)>1 ){
      /* pPage might not be a btree page;  it might be an overflow page
      ** or ptrmap page or a free page.  In those cases, the following
      ** call to btreeInitPage() will likely return SQLITE_CORRUPT.
      ** But no harm is done by this.  And it is very important that
      ** btreeInitPage() be called on every btree page so we make
      ** the call for every page that comes in for re-initing. */
      btreeInitPage(pPage);
    }
  }
}

/*
** Invoke the busy handler for a btree.
*/
static int btreeInvokeBusyHandler(void *pArg){
  BtShared *pBt = (BtShared*)pArg;
  assert( pBt->db );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->db->mutex) );
  return sqlite3InvokeBusyHandler(&pBt->db->busyHandler);
}

/*
** Open a database file.
** 
** zFilename is the name of the database file.  If zFilename is NULL
** then an ephemeral database is created.  The ephemeral database might
** be exclusively in memory, or it might use a disk-based memory cache.
** Either way, the ephemeral database will be automatically deleted 
** when sqlite3BtreeClose() is called.
**
** If zFilename is ":memory:" then an in-memory database is created
** that is automatically destroyed when it is closed.
**
** The "flags" parameter is a bitmask that might contain bits
** BTREE_OMIT_JOURNAL and/or BTREE_NO_READLOCK.  The BTREE_NO_READLOCK
** bit is also set if the SQLITE_NoReadlock flags is set in db->flags.
** These flags are passed through into sqlite3PagerOpen() and must
** be the same values as PAGER_OMIT_JOURNAL and PAGER_NO_READLOCK.
**
** If the database is already opened in the same database connection
** and we are in shared cache mode, then the open will fail with an
** SQLITE_CONSTRAINT error.  We cannot allow two or more BtShared
** objects in the same database connection since doing so will lead
** to problems with locking.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeOpen(
  const char *zFilename,  /* Name of the file containing the BTree database */
  sqlite3 *db,            /* Associated database handle */
  Btree **ppBtree,        /* Pointer to new Btree object written here */
  int flags,              /* Options */
  int vfsFlags            /* Flags passed through to sqlite3_vfs.xOpen() */
){
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs;             /* The VFS to use for this btree */
  BtShared *pBt = 0;             /* Shared part of btree structure */
  Btree *p;                      /* Handle to return */
  sqlite3_mutex *mutexOpen = 0;  /* Prevents a race condition. Ticket #3537 */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;            /* Result code from this function */
  u8 nReserve;                   /* Byte of unused space on each page */
  unsigned char zDbHeader[100];  /* Database header content */

  /* True if opening an ephemeral, temporary database */
  const int isTempDb = zFilename==0 || zFilename[0]==0;

  /* Set the variable isMemdb to true for an in-memory database, or 
  ** false for a file-based database.
  */
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_MEMORYDB
  const int isMemdb = 0;
#else
  const int isMemdb = (zFilename && strcmp(zFilename, ":memory:")==0)
                       || (isTempDb && sqlite3TempInMemory(db));
#endif

  assert( db!=0 );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(db->mutex) );
  assert( (flags&0xff)==flags );   /* flags fit in 8 bits */

  /* Only a BTREE_SINGLE database can be BTREE_UNORDERED */
  assert( (flags & BTREE_UNORDERED)==0 || (flags & BTREE_SINGLE)!=0 );

  /* A BTREE_SINGLE database is always a temporary and/or ephemeral */
  assert( (flags & BTREE_SINGLE)==0 || isTempDb );

  if( db->flags & SQLITE_NoReadlock ){
    flags |= BTREE_NO_READLOCK;
  }
  if( isMemdb ){
    flags |= BTREE_MEMORY;
  }
  if( (vfsFlags & SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB)!=0 && (isMemdb || isTempDb) ){
    vfsFlags = (vfsFlags & ~SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB) | SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_DB;
  }
  pVfs = db->pVfs;
  p = sqlite3MallocZero(sizeof(Btree));
  if( !p ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  p->inTrans = TRANS_NONE;
  p->db = db;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
  p->lock.pBtree = p;
  p->lock.iTable = 1;
#endif

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_DISKIO)
  /*
  ** If this Btree is a candidate for shared cache, try to find an
  ** existing BtShared object that we can share with
  */
  if( isMemdb==0 && isTempDb==0 ){
    if( vfsFlags & SQLITE_OPEN_SHAREDCACHE ){



      int nFullPathname = pVfs->mxPathname+1;
      char *zFullPathname = sqlite3Malloc(nFullPathname);
      sqlite3_mutex *mutexShared;
      p->sharable = 1;

      if( !zFullPathname ){
        sqlite3_free(p);
        return SQLITE_NOMEM;
      }
      sqlite3OsFullPathname(pVfs, zFilename, nFullPathname, zFullPathname);
      mutexOpen = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_OPEN);
      sqlite3_mutex_enter(mutexOpen);
      mutexShared = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER);
      sqlite3_mutex_enter(mutexShared);

      for(pBt=GLOBAL(BtShared*,sqlite3SharedCacheList); pBt; pBt=pBt->pNext){
        assert( pBt->nRef>0 );
        if( 0==strcmp(zFullPathname, sqlite3PagerFilename(pBt->pPager))
                 && sqlite3PagerVfs(pBt->pPager)==pVfs ){
          int iDb;
          for(iDb=db->nDb-1; iDb>=0; iDb--){
            Btree *pExisting = db->aDb[iDb].pBt;
            if( pExisting && pExisting->pBt==pBt ){
              sqlite3_mutex_leave(mutexShared);
              sqlite3_mutex_leave(mutexOpen);
              sqlite3_free(zFullPathname);
              sqlite3_free(p);
              return SQLITE_CONSTRAINT;
            }
          }
          p->pBt = pBt;
          pBt->nRef++;
          break;
        }
      }
      sqlite3_mutex_leave(mutexShared);
      sqlite3_free(zFullPathname);
................................................................................
    assert( sizeof(Pgno)==4 );
  
    pBt = sqlite3MallocZero( sizeof(*pBt) );
    if( pBt==0 ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
      goto btree_open_out;
    }


    rc = sqlite3PagerOpen(pVfs, &pBt->pPager, zFilename,
                          EXTRA_SIZE, flags, vfsFlags, pageReinit);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = sqlite3PagerReadFileheader(pBt->pPager,sizeof(zDbHeader),zDbHeader);
    }
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      goto btree_open_out;
    }
    pBt->openFlags = (u8)flags;
    pBt->db = db;
    sqlite3PagerSetBusyhandler(pBt->pPager, btreeInvokeBusyHandler, pBt);
    p->pBt = pBt;
  


    pBt->pCursor = 0;
    pBt->pPage1 = 0;
    pBt->readOnly = sqlite3PagerIsreadonly(pBt->pPager);
#ifdef SQLITE_SECURE_DELETE
    pBt->secureDelete = 1;
#endif
    pBt->pageSize = (zDbHeader[16]<<8) | (zDbHeader[17]<<16);
    if( pBt->pageSize<512 || pBt->pageSize>SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
         || ((pBt->pageSize-1)&pBt->pageSize)!=0 ){
      pBt->pageSize = 0;

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
      /* If the magic name ":memory:" will create an in-memory database, then
      ** leave the autoVacuum mode at 0 (do not auto-vacuum), even if
      ** SQLITE_DEFAULT_AUTOVACUUM is true. On the other hand, if
      ** SQLITE_OMIT_MEMORYDB has been defined, then ":memory:" is just a
      ** regular file-name. In this case the auto-vacuum applies as per normal.
      */
................................................................................
      nReserve = zDbHeader[20];
      pBt->pageSizeFixed = 1;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
      pBt->autoVacuum = (get4byte(&zDbHeader[36 + 4*4])?1:0);
      pBt->incrVacuum = (get4byte(&zDbHeader[36 + 7*4])?1:0);
#endif
    }
    rc = sqlite3PagerSetPagesize(pBt->pPager, &pBt->pageSize, nReserve);
    if( rc ) goto btree_open_out;
    pBt->usableSize = pBt->pageSize - nReserve;
    assert( (pBt->pageSize & 7)==0 );  /* 8-byte alignment of pageSize */

   
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_DISKIO)
    /* Add the new BtShared object to the linked list sharable BtShareds.
    */
    if( p->sharable ){
      sqlite3_mutex *mutexShared;
      pBt->nRef = 1;
      mutexShared = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER);
      if( SQLITE_THREADSAFE && sqlite3GlobalConfig.bCoreMutex ){
        pBt->mutex = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST);
        if( pBt->mutex==0 ){
          rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
          db->mallocFailed = 0;
          goto btree_open_out;
        }
      }
      sqlite3_mutex_enter(mutexShared);
      pBt->pNext = GLOBAL(BtShared*,sqlite3SharedCacheList);
      GLOBAL(BtShared*,sqlite3SharedCacheList) = pBt;
      sqlite3_mutex_leave(mutexShared);
    }
#endif
  }

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_DISKIO)
  /* If the new Btree uses a sharable pBtShared, then link the new
................................................................................
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    if( pBt && pBt->pPager ){
      sqlite3PagerClose(pBt->pPager);
    }
    sqlite3_free(pBt);
    sqlite3_free(p);
    *ppBtree = 0;
  }else{
    /* If the B-Tree was successfully opened, set the pager-cache size to the
    ** default value. Except, when opening on an existing shared pager-cache,
    ** do not change the pager-cache size.
    */
    if( sqlite3BtreeSchema(p, 0, 0)==0 ){
      sqlite3PagerSetCachesize(p->pBt->pPager, SQLITE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE);
    }
  }
  if( mutexOpen ){
    assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(mutexOpen) );
    sqlite3_mutex_leave(mutexOpen);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Decrement the BtShared.nRef counter.  When it reaches zero,
** remove the BtShared structure from the sharing list.  Return
................................................................................
  int removed = 0;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_notheld(pBt->mutex) );
  pMaster = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER);
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(pMaster);
  pBt->nRef--;
  if( pBt->nRef<=0 ){
    if( GLOBAL(BtShared*,sqlite3SharedCacheList)==pBt ){
      GLOBAL(BtShared*,sqlite3SharedCacheList) = pBt->pNext;
    }else{
      pList = GLOBAL(BtShared*,sqlite3SharedCacheList);
      while( ALWAYS(pList) && pList->pNext!=pBt ){
        pList=pList->pNext;
      }
      if( ALWAYS(pList) ){
        pList->pNext = pBt->pNext;
      }
    }
................................................................................
int sqlite3BtreeClose(Btree *p){
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
  BtCursor *pCur;

  /* Close all cursors opened via this handle.  */
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(p->db->mutex) );
  sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);

  pCur = pBt->pCursor;
  while( pCur ){
    BtCursor *pTmp = pCur;
    pCur = pCur->pNext;
    if( pTmp->pBtree==p ){
      sqlite3BtreeCloseCursor(pTmp);
    }
................................................................................
    ** Clean out and delete the BtShared object.
    */
    assert( !pBt->pCursor );
    sqlite3PagerClose(pBt->pPager);
    if( pBt->xFreeSchema && pBt->pSchema ){
      pBt->xFreeSchema(pBt->pSchema);
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(0, pBt->pSchema);
    freeTempSpace(pBt);
    sqlite3_free(pBt);
  }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
  assert( p->wantToLock==0 );
  assert( p->locked==0 );
................................................................................
** how well the database resists damage due to OS crashes and power
** failures.  Level 1 is the same as asynchronous (no syncs() occur and
** there is a high probability of damage)  Level 2 is the default.  There
** is a very low but non-zero probability of damage.  Level 3 reduces the
** probability of damage to near zero but with a write performance reduction.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS
int sqlite3BtreeSetSafetyLevel(
  Btree *p,              /* The btree to set the safety level on */
  int level,             /* PRAGMA synchronous.  1=OFF, 2=NORMAL, 3=FULL */
  int fullSync,          /* PRAGMA fullfsync. */
  int ckptFullSync       /* PRAGMA checkpoint_fullfync */
){
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(p->db->mutex) );
  assert( level>=1 && level<=3 );
  sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);
  sqlite3PagerSetSafetyLevel(pBt->pPager, level, fullSync, ckptFullSync);
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
#endif

/*
** Return TRUE if the given btree is set to safety level 1.  In other
................................................................................
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  return rc;
}

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VACUUM)
/*
** Change the default pages size and the number of reserved bytes per page.
** Or, if the page size has already been fixed, return SQLITE_READONLY 
** without changing anything.
**
** The page size must be a power of 2 between 512 and 65536.  If the page
** size supplied does not meet this constraint then the page size is not
** changed.
**
** Page sizes are constrained to be a power of two so that the region
** of the database file used for locking (beginning at PENDING_BYTE,
** the first byte past the 1GB boundary, 0x40000000) needs to occur
** at the beginning of a page.
**
** If parameter nReserve is less than zero, then the number of reserved
** bytes per page is left unchanged.
**
** If the iFix!=0 then the pageSizeFixed flag is set so that the page size
** and autovacuum mode can no longer be changed.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeSetPageSize(Btree *p, int pageSize, int nReserve, int iFix){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
  assert( nReserve>=-1 && nReserve<=255 );
  sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);
  if( pBt->pageSizeFixed ){
    sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
    return SQLITE_READONLY;
  }
  if( nReserve<0 ){
    nReserve = pBt->pageSize - pBt->usableSize;
  }
  assert( nReserve>=0 && nReserve<=255 );
  if( pageSize>=512 && pageSize<=SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE &&
        ((pageSize-1)&pageSize)==0 ){
    assert( (pageSize & 7)==0 );
    assert( !pBt->pPage1 && !pBt->pCursor );
    pBt->pageSize = (u32)pageSize;
    freeTempSpace(pBt);

  }
  rc = sqlite3PagerSetPagesize(pBt->pPager, &pBt->pageSize, nReserve);
  pBt->usableSize = pBt->pageSize - (u16)nReserve;
  if( iFix ) pBt->pageSizeFixed = 1;
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Return the currently defined page size
*/
int sqlite3BtreeGetPageSize(Btree *p){
  return p->pBt->pageSize;
}

/*
** Return the number of bytes of space at the end of every page that
** are intentually left unused.  This is the "reserved" space that is
** sometimes used by extensions.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeGetReserve(Btree *p){
  int n;
  sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);
  n = p->pBt->pageSize - p->pBt->usableSize;
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  return n;
}
................................................................................
int sqlite3BtreeMaxPageCount(Btree *p, int mxPage){
  int n;
  sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);
  n = sqlite3PagerMaxPageCount(p->pBt->pPager, mxPage);
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  return n;
}

/*
** Set the secureDelete flag if newFlag is 0 or 1.  If newFlag is -1,
** then make no changes.  Always return the value of the secureDelete
** setting after the change.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeSecureDelete(Btree *p, int newFlag){
  int b;
  if( p==0 ) return 0;
  sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);
  if( newFlag>=0 ){
    p->pBt->secureDelete = (newFlag!=0) ? 1 : 0;
  } 
  b = p->pBt->secureDelete;
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  return b;
}
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VACUUM) */

/*
** Change the 'auto-vacuum' property of the database. If the 'autoVacuum'
** parameter is non-zero, then auto-vacuum mode is enabled. If zero, it
** is disabled. The default value for the auto-vacuum property is 
** determined by the SQLITE_DEFAULT_AUTOVACUUM macro.
................................................................................
*/
int sqlite3BtreeSetAutoVacuum(Btree *p, int autoVacuum){
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
  return SQLITE_READONLY;
#else
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  u8 av = (u8)autoVacuum;

  sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);
  if( pBt->pageSizeFixed && (av ?1:0)!=pBt->autoVacuum ){
    rc = SQLITE_READONLY;
  }else{
    pBt->autoVacuum = av ?1:0;
    pBt->incrVacuum = av==2 ?1:0;
  }
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  return rc;
#endif
}

/*
................................................................................
**
** SQLITE_OK is returned on success.  If the file is not a
** well-formed database file, then SQLITE_CORRUPT is returned.
** SQLITE_BUSY is returned if the database is locked.  SQLITE_NOMEM
** is returned if we run out of memory. 
*/
static int lockBtree(BtShared *pBt){
  int rc;              /* Result code from subfunctions */
  MemPage *pPage1;     /* Page 1 of the database file */
  int nPage;           /* Number of pages in the database */
  int nPageFile = 0;   /* Number of pages in the database file */
  int nPageHeader;     /* Number of pages in the database according to hdr */

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  assert( pBt->pPage1==0 );
  rc = sqlite3PagerSharedLock(pBt->pPager);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  rc = btreeGetPage(pBt, 1, &pPage1, 0);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  /* Do some checking to help insure the file we opened really is
  ** a valid database file. 
  */
  nPage = nPageHeader = get4byte(28+(u8*)pPage1->aData);
  sqlite3PagerPagecount(pBt->pPager, &nPageFile);

  if( nPage==0 || memcmp(24+(u8*)pPage1->aData, 92+(u8*)pPage1->aData,4)!=0 ){
    nPage = nPageFile;
  }
  if( nPage>0 ){
    u32 pageSize;
    u32 usableSize;
    u8 *page1 = pPage1->aData;
    rc = SQLITE_NOTADB;
    if( memcmp(page1, zMagicHeader, 16)!=0 ){
      goto page1_init_failed;
    }

#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
    if( page1[18]>1 ){
      pBt->readOnly = 1;
    }
    if( page1[19]>1 ){
      goto page1_init_failed;
    }
#else
    if( page1[18]>2 ){
      pBt->readOnly = 1;
    }
    if( page1[19]>2 ){
      goto page1_init_failed;
    }

    /* If the write version is set to 2, this database should be accessed
    ** in WAL mode. If the log is not already open, open it now. Then 
    ** return SQLITE_OK and return without populating BtShared.pPage1.
    ** The caller detects this and calls this function again. This is
    ** required as the version of page 1 currently in the page1 buffer
    ** may not be the latest version - there may be a newer one in the log
    ** file.
    */
    if( page1[19]==2 && pBt->doNotUseWAL==0 ){
      int isOpen = 0;
      rc = sqlite3PagerOpenWal(pBt->pPager, &isOpen);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        goto page1_init_failed;
      }else if( isOpen==0 ){
        releasePage(pPage1);
        return SQLITE_OK;
      }
      rc = SQLITE_NOTADB;
    }
#endif

    /* The maximum embedded fraction must be exactly 25%.  And the minimum
    ** embedded fraction must be 12.5% for both leaf-data and non-leaf-data.
    ** The original design allowed these amounts to vary, but as of
    ** version 3.6.0, we require them to be fixed.
    */
    if( memcmp(&page1[21], "\100\040\040",3)!=0 ){
      goto page1_init_failed;
    }
    pageSize = (page1[16]<<8) | (page1[17]<<16);
    if( ((pageSize-1)&pageSize)!=0
     || pageSize>SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE 
     || pageSize<=256 
    ){
      goto page1_init_failed;
    }
    assert( (pageSize & 7)==0 );
    usableSize = pageSize - page1[20];
    if( (u32)pageSize!=pBt->pageSize ){
      /* After reading the first page of the database assuming a page size
      ** of BtShared.pageSize, we have discovered that the page-size is
      ** actually pageSize. Unlock the database, leave pBt->pPage1 at
      ** zero and return SQLITE_OK. The caller will call this function
      ** again with the correct page-size.
      */
      releasePage(pPage1);
      pBt->usableSize = usableSize;
      pBt->pageSize = pageSize;
      freeTempSpace(pBt);
      rc = sqlite3PagerSetPagesize(pBt->pPager, &pBt->pageSize,
                                   pageSize-usableSize);
      return rc;
    }
    if( nPageHeader>nPageFile ){
      rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      goto page1_init_failed;
    }
    if( usableSize<480 ){
      goto page1_init_failed;
    }
    pBt->pageSize = pageSize;
    pBt->usableSize = usableSize;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
    pBt->autoVacuum = (get4byte(&page1[36 + 4*4])?1:0);
    pBt->incrVacuum = (get4byte(&page1[36 + 7*4])?1:0);
................................................................................
  ** cells can will fit on one page.  We assume a 10-byte page header.
  ** Besides the payload, the cell must store:
  **     2-byte pointer to the cell
  **     4-byte child pointer
  **     9-byte nKey value
  **     4-byte nData value
  **     4-byte overflow page pointer
  ** So a cell consists of a 2-byte pointer, a header which is as much as
  ** 17 bytes long, 0 to N bytes of payload, and an optional 4 byte overflow
  ** page pointer.
  */
  pBt->maxLocal = (u16)((pBt->usableSize-12)*64/255 - 23);
  pBt->minLocal = (u16)((pBt->usableSize-12)*32/255 - 23);
  pBt->maxLeaf = (u16)(pBt->usableSize - 35);
  pBt->minLeaf = (u16)((pBt->usableSize-12)*32/255 - 23);
  assert( pBt->maxLeaf + 23 <= MX_CELL_SIZE(pBt) );
  pBt->pPage1 = pPage1;
  pBt->nPage = nPage;
  return SQLITE_OK;

page1_init_failed:
  releasePage(pPage1);
  pBt->pPage1 = 0;
  return rc;
}
























/*
** If there are no outstanding cursors and we are not in the middle
** of a transaction but there is a read lock on the database, then
** this routine unrefs the first page of the database file which 
** has the effect of releasing the read lock.
**


** If there is a transaction in progress, this routine is a no-op.
*/
static void unlockBtreeIfUnused(BtShared *pBt){
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  assert( pBt->pCursor==0 || pBt->inTransaction>TRANS_NONE );
  if( pBt->inTransaction==TRANS_NONE && pBt->pPage1!=0 ){
    assert( pBt->pPage1->aData );
    assert( sqlite3PagerRefcount(pBt->pPager)==1 );
    assert( pBt->pPage1->aData );








    releasePage(pBt->pPage1);

    pBt->pPage1 = 0;

  }
}

/*
** If pBt points to an empty file then convert that empty file
** into a new empty database by initializing the first page of
** the database.
*/
static int newDatabase(BtShared *pBt){
  MemPage *pP1;
  unsigned char *data;
  int rc;


  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );

  if( pBt->nPage>0 ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  pP1 = pBt->pPage1;
  assert( pP1!=0 );
  data = pP1->aData;
  rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pP1->pDbPage);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  memcpy(data, zMagicHeader, sizeof(zMagicHeader));
  assert( sizeof(zMagicHeader)==16 );
  data[16] = (u8)((pBt->pageSize>>8)&0xff);
  data[17] = (u8)((pBt->pageSize>>16)&0xff);
  data[18] = 1;
  data[19] = 1;
  assert( pBt->usableSize<=pBt->pageSize && pBt->usableSize+255>=pBt->pageSize);
  data[20] = (u8)(pBt->pageSize - pBt->usableSize);
  data[21] = 64;
  data[22] = 32;
  data[23] = 32;
  memset(&data[24], 0, 100-24);
  zeroPage(pP1, PTF_INTKEY|PTF_LEAF|PTF_LEAFDATA );
  pBt->pageSizeFixed = 1;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
  assert( pBt->autoVacuum==1 || pBt->autoVacuum==0 );
  assert( pBt->incrVacuum==1 || pBt->incrVacuum==0 );
  put4byte(&data[36 + 4*4], pBt->autoVacuum);
  put4byte(&data[36 + 7*4], pBt->incrVacuum);
#endif
  pBt->nPage = 1;
  data[31] = 1;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Attempt to start a new transaction. A write-transaction
** is started if the second argument is nonzero, otherwise a read-
** transaction.  If the second argument is 2 or more and exclusive
................................................................................
** of A's read lock.  A tries to promote to reserved but is blocked by B.
** One or the other of the two processes must give way or there can be
** no progress.  By returning SQLITE_BUSY and not invoking the busy callback
** when A already has a read lock, we encourage A to give up and let B
** proceed.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(Btree *p, int wrflag){
  sqlite3 *pBlock = 0;
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);

  btreeIntegrity(p);

  /* If the btree is already in a write-transaction, or it
  ** is already in a read-transaction and a read-transaction
  ** is requested, this is a no-op.
  */
  if( p->inTrans==TRANS_WRITE || (p->inTrans==TRANS_READ && !wrflag) ){
................................................................................

  /* Write transactions are not possible on a read-only database */
  if( pBt->readOnly && wrflag ){
    rc = SQLITE_READONLY;
    goto trans_begun;
  }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
  /* If another database handle has already opened a write transaction 
  ** on this shared-btree structure and a second write transaction is
  ** requested, return SQLITE_LOCKED.
  */
  if( (wrflag && pBt->inTransaction==TRANS_WRITE) || pBt->isPending ){

    pBlock = pBt->pWriter->db;



  }else if( wrflag>1 ){
    BtLock *pIter;
    for(pIter=pBt->pLock; pIter; pIter=pIter->pNext){
      if( pIter->pBtree!=p ){
        pBlock = pIter->pBtree->db;
        break;
      }
    }
  }
  if( pBlock ){
    sqlite3ConnectionBlocked(p->db, pBlock);
    rc = SQLITE_LOCKED_SHAREDCACHE;
    goto trans_begun;
  }
#endif

  /* Any read-only or read-write transaction implies a read-lock on 
  ** page 1. So if some other shared-cache client already has a write-lock 
  ** on page 1, the transaction cannot be opened. */
  rc = querySharedCacheTableLock(p, MASTER_ROOT, READ_LOCK);
  if( SQLITE_OK!=rc ) goto trans_begun;

  pBt->initiallyEmpty = (u8)(pBt->nPage==0);
  do {



    /* Call lockBtree() until either pBt->pPage1 is populated or
    ** lockBtree() returns something other than SQLITE_OK. lockBtree()
    ** may return SQLITE_OK but leave pBt->pPage1 set to 0 if after
    ** reading page 1 it discovers that the page-size of the database 
    ** file is not pBt->pageSize. In this case lockBtree() will update
    ** pBt->pageSize to the page-size of the file on disk.
    */
    while( pBt->pPage1==0 && SQLITE_OK==(rc = lockBtree(pBt)) );


    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && wrflag ){
      if( pBt->readOnly ){
        rc = SQLITE_READONLY;
      }else{
        rc = sqlite3PagerBegin(pBt->pPager,wrflag>1,sqlite3TempInMemory(p->db));
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          rc = newDatabase(pBt);
        }
      }
    }
  
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){


      unlockBtreeIfUnused(pBt);
    }
  }while( (rc&0xFF)==SQLITE_BUSY && pBt->inTransaction==TRANS_NONE &&
          btreeInvokeBusyHandler(pBt) );

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( p->inTrans==TRANS_NONE ){
      pBt->nTransaction++;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
      if( p->sharable ){
	assert( p->lock.pBtree==p && p->lock.iTable==1 );
        p->lock.eLock = READ_LOCK;
        p->lock.pNext = pBt->pLock;
        pBt->pLock = &p->lock;
      }
#endif
    }
    p->inTrans = (wrflag?TRANS_WRITE:TRANS_READ);
    if( p->inTrans>pBt->inTransaction ){
      pBt->inTransaction = p->inTrans;
    }
    if( wrflag ){
      MemPage *pPage1 = pBt->pPage1;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE

      assert( !pBt->pWriter );
      pBt->pWriter = p;
      pBt->isExclusive = (u8)(wrflag>1);

#endif

      /* If the db-size header field is incorrect (as it may be if an old
      ** client has been writing the database file), update it now. Doing
      ** this sooner rather than later means the database size can safely 
      ** re-read the database size from page 1 if a savepoint or transaction
      ** rollback occurs within the transaction.
      */
      if( pBt->nPage!=get4byte(&pPage1->aData[28]) ){
        rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPage1->pDbPage);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          put4byte(&pPage1->aData[28], pBt->nPage);
        }
      }
    }
  }


trans_begun:
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && wrflag ){
    /* This call makes sure that the pager has the correct number of
    ** open savepoints. If the second parameter is greater than 0 and
    ** the sub-journal is not already open, then it will be opened here.
    */
    rc = sqlite3PagerOpenSavepoint(pBt->pPager, p->db->nSavepoint);
  }

  btreeIntegrity(p);
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  return rc;
}













#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM

/*
** Set the pointer-map entries for all children of page pPage. Also, if
** pPage contains cells that point to overflow pages, set the pointer
** map entries for the overflow pages as well.
*/
static int setChildPtrmaps(MemPage *pPage){
  int i;                             /* Counter variable */
  int nCell;                         /* Number of cells in page pPage */
  int rc;                            /* Return code */
  BtShared *pBt = pPage->pBt;
  u8 isInitOrig = pPage->isInit;
  Pgno pgno = pPage->pgno;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  rc = btreeInitPage(pPage);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    goto set_child_ptrmaps_out;
  }
  nCell = pPage->nCell;

  for(i=0; i<nCell; i++){
    u8 *pCell = findCell(pPage, i);

    ptrmapPutOvflPtr(pPage, pCell, &rc);




    if( !pPage->leaf ){
      Pgno childPgno = get4byte(pCell);
      ptrmapPut(pBt, childPgno, PTRMAP_BTREE, pgno, &rc);

    }
  }

  if( !pPage->leaf ){
    Pgno childPgno = get4byte(&pPage->aData[pPage->hdrOffset+8]);
    ptrmapPut(pBt, childPgno, PTRMAP_BTREE, pgno, &rc);
  }

set_child_ptrmaps_out:
  pPage->isInit = isInitOrig;
  return rc;
}

/*

** Somewhere on pPage is a pointer to page iFrom.  Modify this pointer so
** that it points to iTo. Parameter eType describes the type of pointer to

** be modified, as  follows:
**
** PTRMAP_BTREE:     pPage is a btree-page. The pointer points at a child 
**                   page of pPage.
**
** PTRMAP_OVERFLOW1: pPage is a btree-page. The pointer points at an overflow
**                   page pointed to by one of the cells on pPage.
**
** PTRMAP_OVERFLOW2: pPage is an overflow-page. The pointer points at the next
**                   overflow page in the list.
*/
static int modifyPagePointer(MemPage *pPage, Pgno iFrom, Pgno iTo, u8 eType){
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pPage->pDbPage) );
  if( eType==PTRMAP_OVERFLOW2 ){
    /* The pointer is always the first 4 bytes of the page in this case.  */
    if( get4byte(pPage->aData)!=iFrom ){
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }
    put4byte(pPage->aData, iTo);
  }else{
    u8 isInitOrig = pPage->isInit;
    int i;
    int nCell;

    btreeInitPage(pPage);
    nCell = pPage->nCell;

    for(i=0; i<nCell; i++){
      u8 *pCell = findCell(pPage, i);
      if( eType==PTRMAP_OVERFLOW1 ){
        CellInfo info;
        btreeParseCellPtr(pPage, pCell, &info);
        if( info.iOverflow ){
          if( iFrom==get4byte(&pCell[info.iOverflow]) ){
            put4byte(&pCell[info.iOverflow], iTo);
            break;
          }
        }
      }else{
................................................................................
  return SQLITE_OK;
}


/*
** Move the open database page pDbPage to location iFreePage in the 
** database. The pDbPage reference remains valid.
**
** The isCommit flag indicates that there is no need to remember that
** the journal needs to be sync()ed before database page pDbPage->pgno 
** can be written to. The caller has already promised not to write to that
** page.
*/
static int relocatePage(
  BtShared *pBt,           /* Btree */
  MemPage *pDbPage,        /* Open page to move */
  u8 eType,                /* Pointer map 'type' entry for pDbPage */
  Pgno iPtrPage,           /* Pointer map 'page-no' entry for pDbPage */
  Pgno iFreePage,          /* The location to move pDbPage to */
  int isCommit             /* isCommit flag passed to sqlite3PagerMovepage */
){
  MemPage *pPtrPage;   /* The page that contains a pointer to pDbPage */
  Pgno iDbPage = pDbPage->pgno;
  Pager *pPager = pBt->pPager;
  int rc;

  assert( eType==PTRMAP_OVERFLOW2 || eType==PTRMAP_OVERFLOW1 || 
................................................................................
    rc = setChildPtrmaps(pDbPage);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      return rc;
    }
  }else{
    Pgno nextOvfl = get4byte(pDbPage->aData);
    if( nextOvfl!=0 ){
      ptrmapPut(pBt, nextOvfl, PTRMAP_OVERFLOW2, iFreePage, &rc);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        return rc;
      }
    }
  }

  /* Fix the database pointer on page iPtrPage that pointed at iDbPage so
  ** that it points at iFreePage. Also fix the pointer map entry for
  ** iPtrPage.
  */
  if( eType!=PTRMAP_ROOTPAGE ){
    rc = btreeGetPage(pBt, iPtrPage, &pPtrPage, 0);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      return rc;
    }
    rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPtrPage->pDbPage);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      releasePage(pPtrPage);
      return rc;
    }
    rc = modifyPagePointer(pPtrPage, iDbPage, iFreePage, eType);
    releasePage(pPtrPage);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      ptrmapPut(pBt, iFreePage, eType, iPtrPage, &rc);
    }
  }
  return rc;
}

/* Forward declaration required by incrVacuumStep(). */
static int allocateBtreePage(BtShared *, MemPage **, Pgno *, Pgno, u8);
................................................................................
** return SQLITE_OK. If there is no work to do (and therefore no
** point in calling this function again), return SQLITE_DONE.
**
** More specificly, this function attempts to re-organize the 
** database so that the last page of the file currently in use
** is no longer in use.
**
** If the nFin parameter is non-zero, this function assumes
** that the caller will keep calling incrVacuumStep() until
** it returns SQLITE_DONE or an error, and that nFin is the
** number of pages the database file will contain after this 
** process is complete.  If nFin is zero, it is assumed that
** incrVacuumStep() will be called a finite amount of times
** which may or may not empty the freelist.  A full autovacuum
** has nFin>0.  A "PRAGMA incremental_vacuum" has nFin==0.
*/
static int incrVacuumStep(BtShared *pBt, Pgno nFin, Pgno iLastPg){

  Pgno nFreeList;           /* Number of pages still on the free-list */
  int rc;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );

  assert( iLastPg>nFin );



  if( !PTRMAP_ISPAGE(pBt, iLastPg) && iLastPg!=PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) ){

    u8 eType;
    Pgno iPtrPage;

    nFreeList = get4byte(&pBt->pPage1->aData[36]);
    if( nFreeList==0 ){
      return SQLITE_DONE;
    }

    rc = ptrmapGet(pBt, iLastPg, &eType, &iPtrPage);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      return rc;
    }
................................................................................
        assert( iFreePg==iLastPg );
        releasePage(pFreePg);
      }
    } else {
      Pgno iFreePg;             /* Index of free page to move pLastPg to */
      MemPage *pLastPg;

      rc = btreeGetPage(pBt, iLastPg, &pLastPg, 0);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        return rc;
      }

      /* If nFin is zero, this loop runs exactly once and page pLastPg
      ** is swapped with the first free page pulled off the free list.
      **
................................................................................
      releasePage(pLastPg);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        return rc;
      }
    }
  }

  if( nFin==0 ){
    iLastPg--;
    while( iLastPg==PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt)||PTRMAP_ISPAGE(pBt, iLastPg) ){

      if( PTRMAP_ISPAGE(pBt, iLastPg) ){
        MemPage *pPg;
        rc = btreeGetPage(pBt, iLastPg, &pPg, 0);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          return rc;
        }
        rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPg->pDbPage);
        releasePage(pPg);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          return rc;
        }
      }
      iLastPg--;
    }
    sqlite3PagerTruncateImage(pBt->pPager, iLastPg);
    pBt->nPage = iLastPg;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** A write-transaction must be opened before calling this function.
** It performs a single unit of work towards an incremental vacuum.
**
** If the incremental vacuum is finished after this function has run,
** SQLITE_DONE is returned. If it is not finished, but no error occurred,
** SQLITE_OK is returned. Otherwise an SQLite error code. 
*/
int sqlite3BtreeIncrVacuum(Btree *p){
  int rc;
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;

  sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);

  assert( pBt->inTransaction==TRANS_WRITE && p->inTrans==TRANS_WRITE );
  if( !pBt->autoVacuum ){
    rc = SQLITE_DONE;
  }else{
    invalidateAllOverflowCache(pBt);
    rc = incrVacuumStep(pBt, 0, btreePagecount(pBt));
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pBt->pPage1->pDbPage);
      put4byte(&pBt->pPage1->aData[28], pBt->nPage);
    }
  }
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  return rc;
}

/*
** This routine is called prior to sqlite3PagerCommit when a transaction
................................................................................
** is commited for an auto-vacuum database.
**
** If SQLITE_OK is returned, then *pnTrunc is set to the number of pages
** the database file should be truncated to during the commit process. 
** i.e. the database has been reorganized so that only the first *pnTrunc
** pages are in use.
*/
static int autoVacuumCommit(BtShared *pBt){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  Pager *pPager = pBt->pPager;

  VVA_ONLY( int nRef = sqlite3PagerRefcount(pPager) );


  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  invalidateAllOverflowCache(pBt);
  assert(pBt->autoVacuum);
  if( !pBt->incrVacuum ){
    Pgno nFin;         /* Number of pages in database after autovacuuming */
    Pgno nFree;        /* Number of pages on the freelist initially */
    Pgno nPtrmap;      /* Number of PtrMap pages to be freed */
    Pgno iFree;        /* The next page to be freed */
    int nEntry;        /* Number of entries on one ptrmap page */
    Pgno nOrig;        /* Database size before freeing */





    nOrig = btreePagecount(pBt);

    if( PTRMAP_ISPAGE(pBt, nOrig) || nOrig==PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) ){
      /* It is not possible to create a database for which the final page
      ** is either a pointer-map page or the pending-byte page. If one
      ** is encountered, this indicates corruption.
      */
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }



    nFree = get4byte(&pBt->pPage1->aData[36]);
    nEntry = pBt->usableSize/5;
    nPtrmap = (nFree-nOrig+PTRMAP_PAGENO(pBt, nOrig)+nEntry)/nEntry;
    nFin = nOrig - nFree - nPtrmap;
    if( nOrig>PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) && nFin<PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) ){
      nFin--;
    }
    while( PTRMAP_ISPAGE(pBt, nFin) || nFin==PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) ){
      nFin--;
    }
    if( nFin>nOrig ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;



    for(iFree=nOrig; iFree>nFin && rc==SQLITE_OK; iFree--){
      rc = incrVacuumStep(pBt, nFin, iFree);
    }
    if( (rc==SQLITE_DONE || rc==SQLITE_OK) && nFree>0 ){



      rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pBt->pPage1->pDbPage);
      put4byte(&pBt->pPage1->aData[32], 0);
      put4byte(&pBt->pPage1->aData[36], 0);
      put4byte(&pBt->pPage1->aData[28], nFin);
      sqlite3PagerTruncateImage(pBt->pPager, nFin);
      pBt->nPage = nFin;
    }

    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      sqlite3PagerRollback(pPager);
    }
  }





  assert( nRef==sqlite3PagerRefcount(pPager) );
  return rc;
}

#else /* ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM */
# define setChildPtrmaps(x) SQLITE_OK
#endif

/*
** This routine does the first phase of a two-phase commit.  This routine
** causes a rollback journal to be created (if it does not already exist)
** and populated with enough information so that if a power loss occurs
** the database can be restored to its original state by playing back
** the journal.  Then the contents of the journal are flushed out to
** the disk.  After the journal is safely on oxide, the changes to the
** database are written into the database file and flushed to oxide.
** At the end of this call, the rollback journal still exists on the
** disk and we are still holding all locks, so the transaction has not
** committed.  See sqlite3BtreeCommitPhaseTwo() for the second phase of the
** commit process.
**
** This call is a no-op if no write-transaction is currently active on pBt.
**
** Otherwise, sync the database file for the btree pBt. zMaster points to
** the name of a master journal file that should be written into the
** individual journal file, or is NULL, indicating no master journal file 
................................................................................
** Once this is routine has returned, the only thing required to commit
** the write-transaction for this database file is to delete the journal.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeCommitPhaseOne(Btree *p, const char *zMaster){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  if( p->inTrans==TRANS_WRITE ){
    BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;

    sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
    if( pBt->autoVacuum ){
      rc = autoVacuumCommit(pBt);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
        return rc;
      }
    }
#endif
    rc = sqlite3PagerCommitPhaseOne(pBt->pPager, zMaster, 0);
    sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** This function is called from both BtreeCommitPhaseTwo() and BtreeRollback()
** at the conclusion of a transaction.
*/
static void btreeEndTransaction(Btree *p){
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(p) );

  btreeClearHasContent(pBt);
  if( p->inTrans>TRANS_NONE && p->db->activeVdbeCnt>1 ){
    /* If there are other active statements that belong to this database
    ** handle, downgrade to a read-only transaction. The other statements
    ** may still be reading from the database.  */
    downgradeAllSharedCacheTableLocks(p);
    p->inTrans = TRANS_READ;
  }else{
    /* If the handle had any kind of transaction open, decrement the 
    ** transaction count of the shared btree. If the transaction count 
    ** reaches 0, set the shared state to TRANS_NONE. The unlockBtreeIfUnused()
    ** call below will unlock the pager.  */
    if( p->inTrans!=TRANS_NONE ){
      clearAllSharedCacheTableLocks(p);
      pBt->nTransaction--;
      if( 0==pBt->nTransaction ){
        pBt->inTransaction = TRANS_NONE;
      }
    }

    /* Set the current transaction state to TRANS_NONE and unlock the 
    ** pager if this call closed the only read or write transaction.  */
    p->inTrans = TRANS_NONE;
    unlockBtreeIfUnused(pBt);
  }

  btreeIntegrity(p);
}

/*
** Commit the transaction currently in progress.
**
** This routine implements the second phase of a 2-phase commit.  The
** sqlite3BtreeCommitPhaseOne() routine does the first phase and should
** be invoked prior to calling this routine.  The sqlite3BtreeCommitPhaseOne()
** routine did all the work of writing information out to disk and flushing the
** contents so that they are written onto the disk platter.  All this
** routine has to do is delete or truncate or zero the header in the
** the rollback journal (which causes the transaction to commit) and
** drop locks.
**
** This will release the write lock on the database file.  If there
** are no active cursors, it also releases the read lock.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeCommitPhaseTwo(Btree *p){


  if( p->inTrans==TRANS_NONE ) return SQLITE_OK;
  sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);

  btreeIntegrity(p);

  /* If the handle has a write-transaction open, commit the shared-btrees 
  ** transaction and set the shared state to TRANS_READ.
  */
  if( p->inTrans==TRANS_WRITE ){
    int rc;
    BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
    assert( pBt->inTransaction==TRANS_WRITE );
    assert( pBt->nTransaction>0 );
    rc = sqlite3PagerCommitPhaseTwo(pBt->pPager);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
      return rc;
    }
    pBt->inTransaction = TRANS_READ;

  }








  btreeEndTransaction(p);












  sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Do both phases of a commit.
*/
................................................................................
** save the state of the cursor.  The cursor must be
** invalidated.
*/
void sqlite3BtreeTripAllCursors(Btree *pBtree, int errCode){
  BtCursor *p;
  sqlite3BtreeEnter(pBtree);
  for(p=pBtree->pBt->pCursor; p; p=p->pNext){
    int i;
    sqlite3BtreeClearCursor(p);
    p->eState = CURSOR_FAULT;
    p->skipNext = errCode;
    for(i=0; i<=p->iPage; i++){
      releasePage(p->apPage[i]);
      p->apPage[i] = 0;
    }
  }
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(pBtree);
}

/*
** Rollback the transaction in progress.  All cursors will be
** invalided by this operation.  Any attempt to use a cursor
................................................................................
*/
int sqlite3BtreeRollback(Btree *p){
  int rc;
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
  MemPage *pPage1;

  sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);

  rc = saveAllCursors(pBt, 0, 0);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    /* This is a horrible situation. An IO or malloc() error occurred whilst
    ** trying to save cursor positions. If this is an automatic rollback (as
    ** the result of a constraint, malloc() failure or IO error) then 
    ** the cache may be internally inconsistent (not contain valid trees) so
    ** we cannot simply return the error to the caller. Instead, abort 
    ** all queries that may be using any of the cursors that failed to save.
    */
    sqlite3BtreeTripAllCursors(p, rc);
  }
#endif
  btreeIntegrity(p);


  if( p->inTrans==TRANS_WRITE ){
    int rc2;





    assert( TRANS_WRITE==pBt->inTransaction );
    rc2 = sqlite3PagerRollback(pBt->pPager);
    if( rc2!=SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = rc2;
    }

    /* The rollback may have destroyed the pPage1->aData value.  So
    ** call btreeGetPage() on page 1 again to make
    ** sure pPage1->aData is set correctly. */
    if( btreeGetPage(pBt, 1, &pPage1, 0)==SQLITE_OK ){
      int nPage = get4byte(28+(u8*)pPage1->aData);
      testcase( nPage==0 );
      if( nPage==0 ) sqlite3PagerPagecount(pBt->pPager, &nPage);
      testcase( pBt->nPage!=nPage );
      pBt->nPage = nPage;
      releasePage(pPage1);
    }
    assert( countWriteCursors(pBt)==0 );
    pBt->inTransaction = TRANS_READ;
  }



  btreeEndTransaction(p);










  sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Start a statement subtransaction. The subtransaction can can be rolled
** back independently of the main transaction. You must start a transaction 
** before starting a subtransaction. The subtransaction is ended automatically 
** if the main transaction commits or rolls back.




**
** Statement subtransactions are used around individual SQL statements
** that are contained within a BEGIN...COMMIT block.  If a constraint
** error occurs within the statement, the effect of that one statement
** can be rolled back without having to rollback the entire transaction.
**
** A statement sub-transaction is implemented as an anonymous savepoint. The
** value passed as the second parameter is the total number of savepoints,
** including the new anonymous savepoint, open on the B-Tree. i.e. if there
** are no active savepoints and no other statement-transactions open,
** iStatement is 1. This anonymous savepoint can be released or rolled back
** using the sqlite3BtreeSavepoint() function.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeBeginStmt(Btree *p, int iStatement){
  int rc;
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
  sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);




  assert( p->inTrans==TRANS_WRITE );
  assert( pBt->readOnly==0 );
  assert( iStatement>0 );
  assert( iStatement>p->db->nSavepoint );
  assert( pBt->inTransaction==TRANS_WRITE );








  /* At the pager level, a statement transaction is a savepoint with
  ** an index greater than all savepoints created explicitly using
  ** SQL statements. It is illegal to open, release or rollback any
  ** such savepoints while the statement transaction savepoint is active.
  */
  rc = sqlite3PagerOpenSavepoint(pBt->pPager, iStatement);










  sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  return rc;
}

/*


** The second argument to this function, op, is always SAVEPOINT_ROLLBACK
** or SAVEPOINT_RELEASE. This function either releases or rolls back the
** savepoint identified by parameter iSavepoint, depending on the value 
** of op.
**



** Normally, iSavepoint is greater than or equal to zero. However, if op is
** SAVEPOINT_ROLLBACK, then iSavepoint may also be -1. In this case the 
** contents of the entire transaction are rolled back. This is different
** from a normal transaction rollback, as no locks are released and the
** transaction remains open.
*/

int sqlite3BtreeSavepoint(Btree *p, int op, int iSavepoint){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  if( p && p->inTrans==TRANS_WRITE ){
    BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
    assert( op==SAVEPOINT_RELEASE || op==SAVEPOINT_ROLLBACK );
    assert( iSavepoint>=0 || (iSavepoint==-1 && op==SAVEPOINT_ROLLBACK) );
    sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);


    rc = sqlite3PagerSavepoint(pBt->pPager, op, iSavepoint);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      if( iSavepoint<0 && pBt->initiallyEmpty ) pBt->nPage = 0;
      rc = newDatabase(pBt);
      pBt->nPage = get4byte(28 + pBt->pPage1->aData);

      /* The database size was written into the offset 28 of the header
      ** when the transaction started, so we know that the value at offset
      ** 28 is nonzero. */
      assert( pBt->nPage>0 );
    }
    sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Create a new cursor for the BTree whose root is on the page
** iTable. If a read-only cursor is requested, it is assumed that
** the caller already has at least a read-only transaction open
** on the database already. If a write-cursor is requested, then
** the caller is assumed to have an open write transaction.
**
** If wrFlag==0, then the cursor can only be used for reading.
** If wrFlag==1, then the cursor can be used for reading or for
** writing if other conditions for writing are also met.  These
** are the conditions that must be met in order for writing to
** be allowed:
**
................................................................................
** 3:  The database must be writable (not on read-only media)
**
** 4:  There must be an active transaction.
**
** No checking is done to make sure that page iTable really is the
** root page of a b-tree.  If it is not, then the cursor acquired
** will not work correctly.
**
** It is assumed that the sqlite3BtreeCursorZero() has been called
** on pCur to initialize the memory space prior to invoking this routine.
*/
static int btreeCursor(
  Btree *p,                              /* The btree */
  int iTable,                            /* Root page of table to open */
  int wrFlag,                            /* 1 to write. 0 read-only */
  struct KeyInfo *pKeyInfo,              /* First arg to comparison function */
  BtCursor *pCur                         /* Space for new cursor */
){
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;                /* Shared b-tree handle */

  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(p) );
  assert( wrFlag==0 || wrFlag==1 );

  /* The following assert statements verify that if this is a sharable 
  ** b-tree database, the connection is holding the required table locks, 
  ** and that no other connection has any open cursor that conflicts with 
  ** this lock.  */
  assert( hasSharedCacheTableLock(p, iTable, pKeyInfo!=0, wrFlag+1) );
  assert( wrFlag==0 || !hasReadConflicts(p, iTable) );

  /* Assert that the caller has opened the required transaction. */
  assert( p->inTrans>TRANS_NONE );
  assert( wrFlag==0 || p->inTrans==TRANS_WRITE );
  assert( pBt->pPage1 && pBt->pPage1->aData );

  if( NEVER(wrFlag && pBt->readOnly) ){
    return SQLITE_READONLY;
  }
  if( iTable==1 && btreePagecount(pBt)==0 ){
    return SQLITE_EMPTY;
  }

  /* Now that no other errors can occur, finish filling in the BtCursor
  ** variables and link the cursor into the BtShared list.  */
  pCur->pgnoRoot = (Pgno)iTable;
  pCur->iPage = -1;








  pCur->pKeyInfo = pKeyInfo;
  pCur->pBtree = p;
  pCur->pBt = pBt;
  pCur->wrFlag = (u8)wrFlag;
  pCur->pNext = pBt->pCursor;
  if( pCur->pNext ){
    pCur->pNext->pPrev = pCur;
  }
  pBt->pCursor = pCur;
  pCur->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;

  pCur->cachedRowid = 0;
  return SQLITE_OK;





}
int sqlite3BtreeCursor(
  Btree *p,                                   /* The btree */
  int iTable,                                 /* Root page of table to open */
  int wrFlag,                                 /* 1 to write. 0 read-only */
  struct KeyInfo *pKeyInfo,                   /* First arg to xCompare() */
  BtCursor *pCur                              /* Write new cursor here */
){
  int rc;
  sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);

  rc = btreeCursor(p, iTable, wrFlag, pKeyInfo, pCur);
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Return the size of a BtCursor object in bytes.
**
** This interfaces is needed so that users of cursors can preallocate
** sufficient storage to hold a cursor.  The BtCursor object is opaque
** to users so they cannot do the sizeof() themselves - they must call
** this routine.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeCursorSize(void){
  return ROUND8(sizeof(BtCursor));
}

/*
** Initialize memory that will be converted into a BtCursor object.
**
** The simple approach here would be to memset() the entire object
** to zero.  But it turns out that the apPage[] and aiIdx[] arrays
** do not need to be zeroed and they are large, so we can save a lot
** of run-time by skipping the initialization of those elements.
*/
void sqlite3BtreeCursorZero(BtCursor *p){
  memset(p, 0, offsetof(BtCursor, iPage));
}

/*
** Set the cached rowid value of every cursor in the same database file
** as pCur and having the same root page number as pCur.  The value is
** set to iRowid.
**
** Only positive rowid values are considered valid for this cache.
** The cache is initialized to zero, indicating an invalid cache.
** A btree will work fine with zero or negative rowids.  We just cannot
** cache zero or negative rowids, which means tables that use zero or
** negative rowids might run a little slower.  But in practice, zero
** or negative rowids are very uncommon so this should not be a problem.
*/
void sqlite3BtreeSetCachedRowid(BtCursor *pCur, sqlite3_int64 iRowid){
  BtCursor *p;
  for(p=pCur->pBt->pCursor; p; p=p->pNext){
    if( p->pgnoRoot==pCur->pgnoRoot ) p->cachedRowid = iRowid;
  }
  assert( pCur->cachedRowid==iRowid );
}

/*
** Return the cached rowid for the given cursor.  A negative or zero
** return value indicates that the rowid cache is invalid and should be
** ignored.  If the rowid cache has never before been set, then a
** zero is returned.
*/
sqlite3_int64 sqlite3BtreeGetCachedRowid(BtCursor *pCur){
  return pCur->cachedRowid;
}

/*
** Close a cursor.  The read lock on the database file is released
** when the last cursor is closed.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeCloseCursor(BtCursor *pCur){
  Btree *pBtree = pCur->pBtree;
  if( pBtree ){
    int i;
    BtShared *pBt = pCur->pBt;
    sqlite3BtreeEnter(pBtree);

    sqlite3BtreeClearCursor(pCur);
    if( pCur->pPrev ){
      pCur->pPrev->pNext = pCur->pNext;
    }else{
      pBt->pCursor = pCur->pNext;
    }
    if( pCur->pNext ){
      pCur->pNext->pPrev = pCur->pPrev;
    }
    for(i=0; i<=pCur->iPage; i++){
      releasePage(pCur->apPage[i]);
    }
    unlockBtreeIfUnused(pBt);
    invalidateOverflowCache(pCur);
    /* sqlite3_free(pCur); */
    sqlite3BtreeLeave(pBtree);
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*

























** Make sure the BtCursor* given in the argument has a valid
** BtCursor.info structure.  If it is not already valid, call
** btreeParseCell() to fill it in.
**
** BtCursor.info is a cache of the information in the current cell.
** Using this cache reduces the number of calls to btreeParseCell().
**
** 2007-06-25:  There is a bug in some versions of MSVC that cause the
** compiler to crash when getCellInfo() is implemented as a macro.
** But there is a measureable speed advantage to using the macro on gcc
** (when less compiler optimizations like -Os or -O0 are used and the
** compiler is not doing agressive inlining.)  So we use a real function
** for MSVC and a macro for everything else.  Ticket #2457.
*/
#ifndef NDEBUG
  static void assertCellInfo(BtCursor *pCur){
    CellInfo info;
    int iPage = pCur->iPage;
    memset(&info, 0, sizeof(info));

    btreeParseCell(pCur->apPage[iPage], pCur->aiIdx[iPage], &info);
    assert( memcmp(&info, &pCur->info, sizeof(info))==0 );
  }
#else
  #define assertCellInfo(x)
#endif
#ifdef _MSC_VER
  /* Use a real function in MSVC to work around bugs in that compiler. */
  static void getCellInfo(BtCursor *pCur){
    if( pCur->info.nSize==0 ){
      int iPage = pCur->iPage;
      btreeParseCell(pCur->apPage[iPage],pCur->aiIdx[iPage],&pCur->info);
      pCur->validNKey = 1;
    }else{
      assertCellInfo(pCur);
    }
  }
#else /* if not _MSC_VER */
  /* Use a macro in all other compilers so that the function is inlined */
#define getCellInfo(pCur)                                                      \
  if( pCur->info.nSize==0 ){                                                   \
    int iPage = pCur->iPage;                                                   \
    btreeParseCell(pCur->apPage[iPage],pCur->aiIdx[iPage],&pCur->info); \
    pCur->validNKey = 1;                                                       \
  }else{                                                                       \
    assertCellInfo(pCur);                                                      \
  }
#endif /* _MSC_VER */

#ifndef NDEBUG  /* The next routine used only within assert() statements */
/*
** Return true if the given BtCursor is valid.  A valid cursor is one
** that is currently pointing to a row in a (non-empty) table.
** This is a verification routine is used only within assert() statements.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeCursorIsValid(BtCursor *pCur){
  return pCur && pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID;
}
#endif /* NDEBUG */

/*
** Set *pSize to the size of the buffer needed to hold the value of
** the key for the current entry.  If the cursor is not pointing
** to a valid entry, *pSize is set to 0. 
**
** For a table with the INTKEY flag set, this routine returns the key
** itself, not the number of bytes in the key.
**
** The caller must position the cursor prior to invoking this routine.
** 
** This routine cannot fail.  It always returns SQLITE_OK.  
*/
int sqlite3BtreeKeySize(BtCursor *pCur, i64 *pSize){


  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );


  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_INVALID || pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
  if( pCur->eState!=CURSOR_VALID ){
    *pSize = 0;
  }else{
    getCellInfo(pCur);
    *pSize = pCur->info.nKey;
  }

  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Set *pSize to the number of bytes of data in the entry the
** cursor currently points to.
**
** The caller must guarantee that the cursor is pointing to a non-NULL
** valid entry.  In other words, the calling procedure must guarantee
** that the cursor has Cursor.eState==CURSOR_VALID.
**
** Failure is not possible.  This function always returns SQLITE_OK.
** It might just as well be a procedure (returning void) but we continue
** to return an integer result code for historical reasons.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeDataSize(BtCursor *pCur, u32 *pSize){
  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
  getCellInfo(pCur);
  *pSize = pCur->info.nData;
  return SQLITE_OK;





}

/*
** Given the page number of an overflow page in the database (parameter
** ovfl), this function finds the page number of the next page in the 
** linked list of overflow pages. If possible, it uses the auto-vacuum
** pointer-map data instead of reading the content of page ovfl to do so. 
**
** If an error occurs an SQLite error code is returned. Otherwise:
**
** The page number of the next overflow page in the linked list is 
** written to *pPgnoNext. If page ovfl is the last page in its linked 
** list, *pPgnoNext is set to zero. 
**
** If ppPage is not NULL, and a reference to the MemPage object corresponding
** to page number pOvfl was obtained, then *ppPage is set to point to that
** reference. It is the responsibility of the caller to call releasePage()
** on *ppPage to free the reference. In no reference was obtained (because
** the pointer-map was used to obtain the value for *pPgnoNext), then
** *ppPage is set to zero.
*/
static int getOverflowPage(
  BtShared *pBt,               /* The database file */
  Pgno ovfl,                   /* Current overflow page number */
  MemPage **ppPage,            /* OUT: MemPage handle (may be NULL) */
  Pgno *pPgnoNext              /* OUT: Next overflow page number */
){
  Pgno next = 0;
  MemPage *pPage = 0;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );






  assert(pPgnoNext);



#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
  /* Try to find the next page in the overflow list using the
  ** autovacuum pointer-map pages. Guess that the next page in 
  ** the overflow list is page number (ovfl+1). If that guess turns 
  ** out to be wrong, fall back to loading the data of page 
  ** number ovfl to determine the next page number.
................................................................................
    Pgno iGuess = ovfl+1;
    u8 eType;

    while( PTRMAP_ISPAGE(pBt, iGuess) || iGuess==PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) ){
      iGuess++;
    }

    if( iGuess<=btreePagecount(pBt) ){
      rc = ptrmapGet(pBt, iGuess, &eType, &pgno);



      if( rc==SQLITE_OK && eType==PTRMAP_OVERFLOW2 && pgno==ovfl ){
        next = iGuess;
        rc = SQLITE_DONE;
      }
    }
  }
#endif

  assert( next==0 || rc==SQLITE_DONE );
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){

    rc = btreeGetPage(pBt, ovfl, &pPage, 0);
    assert( rc==SQLITE_OK || pPage==0 );
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      next = get4byte(pPage->aData);
    }
  }

  *pPgnoNext = next;
  if( ppPage ){
    *ppPage = pPage;
  }else{
    releasePage(pPage);
  }

  return (rc==SQLITE_DONE ? SQLITE_OK : rc);


}

/*
** Copy data from a buffer to a page, or from a page to a buffer.
**
** pPayload is a pointer to data stored on database page pDbPage.
** If argument eOp is false, then nByte bytes of data are copied
................................................................................
** parameter is 0, this is a read operation (data copied into
** buffer pBuf). If it is non-zero, a write (data copied from
** buffer pBuf).
**
** A total of "amt" bytes are read or written beginning at "offset".
** Data is read to or from the buffer pBuf.
**
** The content being read or written might appear on the main page

** or be scattered out on multiple overflow pages.

**
** If the BtCursor.isIncrblobHandle flag is set, and the current
** cursor entry uses one or more overflow pages, this function
** allocates space for and lazily popluates the overflow page-list 
** cache array (BtCursor.aOverflow). Subsequent calls use this
** cache to make seeking to the supplied offset more efficient.
**
................................................................................
**
**   * An incremental vacuum,
**   * A commit in auto_vacuum="full" mode,
**   * Creating a table (may require moving an overflow page).
*/
static int accessPayload(
  BtCursor *pCur,      /* Cursor pointing to entry to read from */
  u32 offset,          /* Begin reading this far into payload */
  u32 amt,             /* Read this many bytes */
  unsigned char *pBuf, /* Write the bytes into this buffer */ 

  int eOp              /* zero to read. non-zero to write. */
){
  unsigned char *aPayload;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  u32 nKey;
  int iIdx = 0;
  MemPage *pPage = pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]; /* Btree page of current entry */
  BtShared *pBt = pCur->pBt;                  /* Btree this cursor belongs to */

  assert( pPage );
  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
  assert( pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage]<pPage->nCell );

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );

  getCellInfo(pCur);
  aPayload = pCur->info.pCell + pCur->info.nHeader;
  nKey = (pPage->intKey ? 0 : (int)pCur->info.nKey);




  if( NEVER(offset+amt > nKey+pCur->info.nData) 
   || &aPayload[pCur->info.nLocal] > &pPage->aData[pBt->usableSize]
  ){
    /* Trying to read or write past the end of the data is an error */
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }

  /* Check if data must be read/written to/from the btree page itself. */
  if( offset<pCur->info.nLocal ){
    int a = amt;
    if( a+offset>pCur->info.nLocal ){
      a = pCur->info.nLocal - offset;
................................................................................
    offset = 0;
    pBuf += a;
    amt -= a;
  }else{
    offset -= pCur->info.nLocal;
  }


  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && amt>0 ){
    const u32 ovflSize = pBt->usableSize - 4;  /* Bytes content per ovfl page */
    Pgno nextPage;

    nextPage = get4byte(&aPayload[pCur->info.nLocal]);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_INCRBLOB
    /* If the isIncrblobHandle flag is set and the BtCursor.aOverflow[]
    ** has not been allocated, allocate it now. The array is sized at
................................................................................
    ** page number of the first overflow page is stored in aOverflow[0],
    ** etc. A value of 0 in the aOverflow[] array means "not yet known"
    ** (the cache is lazily populated).
    */
    if( pCur->isIncrblobHandle && !pCur->aOverflow ){
      int nOvfl = (pCur->info.nPayload-pCur->info.nLocal+ovflSize-1)/ovflSize;
      pCur->aOverflow = (Pgno *)sqlite3MallocZero(sizeof(Pgno)*nOvfl);
      /* nOvfl is always positive.  If it were zero, fetchPayload would have
      ** been used instead of this routine. */
      if( ALWAYS(nOvfl) && !pCur->aOverflow ){
        rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
      }
    }

    /* If the overflow page-list cache has been allocated and the
    ** entry for the first required overflow page is valid, skip
    ** directly to it.
................................................................................
  return rc;
}

/*
** Read part of the key associated with cursor pCur.  Exactly
** "amt" bytes will be transfered into pBuf[].  The transfer
** begins at "offset".
**
** The caller must ensure that pCur is pointing to a valid row
** in the table.
**
** Return SQLITE_OK on success or an error code if anything goes
** wrong.  An error is returned if "offset+amt" is larger than
** the available payload.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeKey(BtCursor *pCur, u32 offset, u32 amt, void *pBuf){


  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );


  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );






  assert( pCur->iPage>=0 && pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage] );
  assert( pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage]<pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]->nCell );
  return accessPayload(pCur, offset, amt, (unsigned char*)pBuf, 0);


}

/*
** Read part of the data associated with cursor pCur.  Exactly
** "amt" bytes will be transfered into pBuf[].  The transfer
** begins at "offset".
**
................................................................................
  }
#endif

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  rc = restoreCursorPosition(pCur);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
    assert( pCur->iPage>=0 && pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage] );
    assert( pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage]<pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]->nCell );
    rc = accessPayload(pCur, offset, amt, pBuf, 0);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Return a pointer to payload information from the entry that the 
** pCur cursor is pointing to.  The pointer is to the beginning of
................................................................................
** into *pAmt.  If *pAmt==0, then the value returned will not be
** a valid pointer.
**
** This routine is an optimization.  It is common for the entire key
** and data to fit on the local page and for there to be no overflow
** pages.  When that is so, this routine can be used to access the
** key and data without making a copy.  If the key and/or data spills
** onto overflow pages, then accessPayload() must be used to reassemble
** the key/data and copy it into a preallocated buffer.
**
** The pointer returned by this routine looks directly into the cached
** page of the database.  The data might change or move the next time
** any btree routine is called.
*/
static const unsigned char *fetchPayload(
................................................................................
  BtCursor *pCur,      /* Cursor pointing to entry to read from */
  int *pAmt,           /* Write the number of available bytes here */
  int skipKey          /* read beginning at data if this is true */
){
  unsigned char *aPayload;
  MemPage *pPage;
  u32 nKey;
  u32 nLocal;

  assert( pCur!=0 && pCur->iPage>=0 && pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]);
  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  pPage = pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage];
  assert( pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage]<pPage->nCell );
  if( NEVER(pCur->info.nSize==0) ){
    btreeParseCell(pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage], pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage],
                   &pCur->info);
  }
  aPayload = pCur->info.pCell;
  aPayload += pCur->info.nHeader;
  if( pPage->intKey ){
    nKey = 0;
  }else{
    nKey = (int)pCur->info.nKey;
  }
  if( skipKey ){
    aPayload += nKey;
    nLocal = pCur->info.nLocal - nKey;
  }else{
    nLocal = pCur->info.nLocal;
    assert( nLocal<=nKey );


  }
  *pAmt = nLocal;
  return aPayload;
}


/*
................................................................................
** Hence, a mutex on the BtShared should be held prior to calling
** this routine.
**
** These routines is used to get quick access to key and data
** in the common case where no overflow pages are used.
*/
const void *sqlite3BtreeKeyFetch(BtCursor *pCur, int *pAmt){
  const void *p = 0;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCur->pBtree->db->mutex) );
  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  if( ALWAYS(pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID) ){
    p = (const void*)fetchPayload(pCur, pAmt, 0);
  }
  return p;
}
const void *sqlite3BtreeDataFetch(BtCursor *pCur, int *pAmt){
  const void *p = 0;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCur->pBtree->db->mutex) );
  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  if( ALWAYS(pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID) ){
    p = (const void*)fetchPayload(pCur, pAmt, 1);
  }
  return p;
}


/*
** Move the cursor down to a new child page.  The newPgno argument is the
** page number of the child page to move to.
**
** This function returns SQLITE_CORRUPT if the page-header flags field of
** the new child page does not match the flags field of the parent (i.e.
** if an intkey page appears to be the parent of a non-intkey page, or
** vice-versa).
*/
static int moveToChild(BtCursor *pCur, u32 newPgno){
  int rc;
  int i = pCur->iPage;
  MemPage *pNewPage;

  BtShared *pBt = pCur->pBt;

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
  assert( pCur->iPage<BTCURSOR_MAX_DEPTH );
  if( pCur->iPage>=(BTCURSOR_MAX_DEPTH-1) ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  rc = getAndInitPage(pBt, newPgno, &pNewPage);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  pCur->apPage[i+1] = pNewPage;
  pCur->aiIdx[i+1] = 0;
  pCur->iPage++;

  pCur->info.nSize = 0;
  pCur->validNKey = 0;
  if( pNewPage->nCell<1 || pNewPage->intKey!=pCur->apPage[i]->intKey ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

#ifndef NDEBUG
/*

** Page pParent is an internal (non-leaf) tree page. This function 
** asserts that page number iChild is the left-child if the iIdx'th
** cell in page pParent. Or, if iIdx is equal to the total number of
** cells in pParent, that page number iChild is the right-child of
** the page.

*/
static void assertParentIndex(MemPage *pParent, int iIdx, Pgno iChild){
  assert( iIdx<=pParent->nCell );
  if( iIdx==pParent->nCell ){
    assert( get4byte(&pParent->aData[pParent->hdrOffset+8])==iChild );
  }else{
    assert( get4byte(findCell(pParent, iIdx))==iChild );
  }






}
#else
#  define assertParentIndex(x,y,z) 
#endif

/*
** Move the cursor up to the parent page.
**
** pCur->idx is set to the cell index that contains the pointer
** to the page we are coming from.  If we are coming from the
** right-most child page then pCur->idx is set to one more than
** the largest cell index.
*/
static void moveToParent(BtCursor *pCur){




  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
  assert( pCur->iPage>0 );
  assert( pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage] );
  assertParentIndex(
    pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage-1], 
    pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage-1], 
    pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]->pgno
  );




  releasePage(pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]);

  pCur->iPage--;
  pCur->info.nSize = 0;
  pCur->validNKey = 0;


}

/*
** Move the cursor to point to the root page of its b-tree structure.
**
** If the table has a virtual root page, then the cursor is moved to point
** to the virtual root page instead of the actual root page. A table has a
** virtual root page when the actual root page contains no cells and a 
** single child page. This can only happen with the table rooted at page 1.
**
** If the b-tree structure is empty, the cursor state is set to 
** CURSOR_INVALID. Otherwise, the cursor is set to point to the first
** cell located on the root (or virtual root) page and the cursor state
** is set to CURSOR_VALID.
**
** If this function returns successfully, it may be assumed that the
** page-header flags indicate that the [virtual] root-page is the expected 
** kind of b-tree page (i.e. if when opening the cursor the caller did not
** specify a KeyInfo structure the flags byte is set to 0x05 or 0x0D,
** indicating a table b-tree, or if the caller did specify a KeyInfo 
** structure the flags byte is set to 0x02 or 0x0A, indicating an index
** b-tree).
*/
static int moveToRoot(BtCursor *pCur){
  MemPage *pRoot;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  Btree *p = pCur->pBtree;
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( CURSOR_INVALID < CURSOR_REQUIRESEEK );
  assert( CURSOR_VALID   < CURSOR_REQUIRESEEK );
  assert( CURSOR_FAULT   > CURSOR_REQUIRESEEK );
  if( pCur->eState>=CURSOR_REQUIRESEEK ){
    if( pCur->eState==CURSOR_FAULT ){
      assert( pCur->skipNext!=SQLITE_OK );
      return pCur->skipNext;
    }

    sqlite3BtreeClearCursor(pCur);
  }



  if( pCur->iPage>=0 ){
    int i;
    for(i=1; i<=pCur->iPage; i++){
      releasePage(pCur->apPage[i]);
    }
    pCur->iPage = 0;
  }else{

    rc = getAndInitPage(pBt, pCur->pgnoRoot, &pCur->apPage[0]);

    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      pCur->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;
      return rc;
    }

    pCur->iPage = 0;

    /* If pCur->pKeyInfo is not NULL, then the caller that opened this cursor
    ** expected to open it on an index b-tree. Otherwise, if pKeyInfo is
    ** NULL, the caller expects a table b-tree. If this is not the case,
    ** return an SQLITE_CORRUPT error.  */
    assert( pCur->apPage[0]->intKey==1 || pCur->apPage[0]->intKey==0 );
    if( (pCur->pKeyInfo==0)!=pCur->apPage[0]->intKey ){
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }
  }

  /* Assert that the root page is of the correct type. This must be the
  ** case as the call to this function that loaded the root-page (either
  ** this call or a previous invocation) would have detected corruption 
  ** if the assumption were not true, and it is not possible for the flags 
  ** byte to have been modified while this cursor is holding a reference
  ** to the page.  */
  pRoot = pCur->apPage[0];
  assert( pRoot->pgno==pCur->pgnoRoot );
  assert( pRoot->isInit && (pCur->pKeyInfo==0)==pRoot->intKey );

  pCur->aiIdx[0] = 0;
  pCur->info.nSize = 0;
  pCur->atLast = 0;
  pCur->validNKey = 0;

  if( pRoot->nCell==0 && !pRoot->leaf ){
    Pgno subpage;
    if( pRoot->pgno!=1 ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    subpage = get4byte(&pRoot->aData[pRoot->hdrOffset+8]);

    pCur->eState = CURSOR_VALID;
    rc = moveToChild(pCur, subpage);
  }else{
    pCur->eState = ((pRoot->nCell>0)?CURSOR_VALID:CURSOR_INVALID);
  }

  return rc;
}

/*
** Move the cursor down to the left-most leaf entry beneath the
** entry to which it is currently pointing.
**
................................................................................
static int moveToLeftmost(BtCursor *pCur){
  Pgno pgno;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  MemPage *pPage;

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
  while( rc==SQLITE_OK && !(pPage = pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage])->leaf ){
    assert( pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage]<pPage->nCell );
    pgno = get4byte(findCell(pPage, pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage]));
    rc = moveToChild(pCur, pgno);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Move the cursor down to the right-most leaf entry beneath the
................................................................................
**
** The right-most entry is the one with the largest key - the last
** key in ascending order.
*/
static int moveToRightmost(BtCursor *pCur){
  Pgno pgno;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  MemPage *pPage = 0;

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
  while( rc==SQLITE_OK && !(pPage = pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage])->leaf ){
    pgno = get4byte(&pPage->aData[pPage->hdrOffset+8]);
    pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage] = pPage->nCell;
    rc = moveToChild(pCur, pgno);
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage] = pPage->nCell-1;
    pCur->info.nSize = 0;
    pCur->validNKey = 0;
  }
  return rc;
}

/* Move the cursor to the first entry in the table.  Return SQLITE_OK
** on success.  Set *pRes to 0 if the cursor actually points to something
** or set *pRes to 1 if the table is empty.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeFirst(BtCursor *pCur, int *pRes){
................................................................................
  int rc;

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCur->pBtree->db->mutex) );
  rc = moveToRoot(pCur);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( pCur->eState==CURSOR_INVALID ){
      assert( pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]->nCell==0 );
      *pRes = 1;

    }else{
      assert( pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]->nCell>0 );
      *pRes = 0;
      rc = moveToLeftmost(pCur);
    }
  }
  return rc;
}

................................................................................
** or set *pRes to 1 if the table is empty.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeLast(BtCursor *pCur, int *pRes){
  int rc;
 
  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCur->pBtree->db->mutex) );

  /* If the cursor already points to the last entry, this is a no-op. */
  if( CURSOR_VALID==pCur->eState && pCur->atLast ){
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    /* This block serves to assert() that the cursor really does point 
    ** to the last entry in the b-tree. */
    int ii;
    for(ii=0; ii<pCur->iPage; ii++){
      assert( pCur->aiIdx[ii]==pCur->apPage[ii]->nCell );
    }
    assert( pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage]==pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]->nCell-1 );
    assert( pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]->leaf );
#endif
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  rc = moveToRoot(pCur);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( CURSOR_INVALID==pCur->eState ){
      assert( pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]->nCell==0 );
      *pRes = 1;
    }else{
      assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
      *pRes = 0;
      rc = moveToRightmost(pCur);

      pCur->atLast = rc==SQLITE_OK ?1:0;
    }
  }
  return rc;
}

/* Move the cursor so that it points to an entry near the key 
** specified by pIdxKey or intKey.   Return a success code.
**
** For INTKEY tables, the intKey parameter is used.  pIdxKey 
** must be NULL.  For index tables, pIdxKey is used and intKey
** is ignored.

**
** If an exact match is not found, then the cursor is always
** left pointing at a leaf page which would hold the entry if it
** were present.  The cursor might point to an entry that comes
** before or after the key.
**
** An integer is written into *pRes which is the result of
** comparing the key with the entry to which the cursor is 

** pointing.  The meaning of the integer written into
** *pRes is as follows:
**
**     *pRes<0      The cursor is left pointing at an entry that
**                  is smaller than intKey/pIdxKey or if the table is empty
**                  and the cursor is therefore left point to nothing.
**
**     *pRes==0     The cursor is left pointing at an entry that
**                  exactly matches intKey/pIdxKey.
**
**     *pRes>0      The cursor is left pointing at an entry that
**                  is larger than intKey/pIdxKey.
**
*/
int sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(
  BtCursor *pCur,          /* The cursor to be moved */
  UnpackedRecord *pIdxKey, /* Unpacked index key */

  i64 intKey,              /* The table key */
  int biasRight,           /* If true, bias the search to the high end */
  int *pRes                /* Write search results here */
){
  int rc;


  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCur->pBtree->db->mutex) );
  assert( pRes );
  assert( (pIdxKey==0)==(pCur->pKeyInfo==0) );

  /* If the cursor is already positioned at the point we are trying
  ** to move to, then just return without doing any work */
  if( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID && pCur->validNKey 
   && pCur->apPage[0]->intKey 
  ){
    if( pCur->info.nKey==intKey ){
      *pRes = 0;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    if( pCur->atLast && pCur->info.nKey<intKey ){
      *pRes = -1;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
  }


  rc = moveToRoot(pCur);
  if( rc ){
    return rc;
  }
  assert( pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage] );
  assert( pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]->isInit );
  assert( pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]->nCell>0 || pCur->eState==CURSOR_INVALID );
  if( pCur->eState==CURSOR_INVALID ){
    *pRes = -1;

    assert( pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]->nCell==0 );
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  assert( pCur->apPage[0]->intKey || pIdxKey );
















  for(;;){
    int lwr, upr;
    Pgno chldPg;
    MemPage *pPage = pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage];

    int c;

    /* pPage->nCell must be greater than zero. If this is the root-page
    ** the cursor would have been INVALID above and this for(;;) loop
    ** not run. If this is not the root-page, then the moveToChild() routine
    ** would have already detected db corruption. Similarly, pPage must
    ** be the right kind (index or table) of b-tree page. Otherwise
    ** a moveToChild() or moveToRoot() call would have detected corruption.  */
    assert( pPage->nCell>0 );
    assert( pPage->intKey==(pIdxKey==0) );
    lwr = 0;
    upr = pPage->nCell-1;




    if( biasRight ){

      pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage] = (u16)upr;
    }else{

      pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage] = (u16)((upr+lwr)/2);
    }
    for(;;){


      int idx = pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage]; /* Index of current cell in pPage */
      u8 *pCell;                          /* Pointer to current cell in pPage */

      pCur->info.nSize = 0;

      pCell = findCell(pPage, idx) + pPage->childPtrSize;
      if( pPage->intKey ){
        i64 nCellKey;

        if( pPage->hasData ){
          u32 dummy;
          pCell += getVarint32(pCell, dummy);
        }
        getVarint(pCell, (u64*)&nCellKey);
        if( nCellKey==intKey ){
          c = 0;
        }else if( nCellKey<intKey ){
          c = -1;
        }else{
          assert( nCellKey>intKey );
          c = +1;
        }
        pCur->validNKey = 1;
        pCur->info.nKey = nCellKey;
      }else{


        /* The maximum supported page-size is 65536 bytes. This means that
        ** the maximum number of record bytes stored on an index B-Tree
        ** page is less than 16384 bytes and may be stored as a 2-byte
        ** varint. This information is used to attempt to avoid parsing 
        ** the entire cell by checking for the cases where the record is 
        ** stored entirely within the b-tree page by inspecting the first 
        ** 2 bytes of the cell.
        */
        int nCell = pCell[0];
        if( !(nCell & 0x80) && nCell<=pPage->maxLocal ){
          /* This branch runs if the record-size field of the cell is a
          ** single byte varint and the record fits entirely on the main
          ** b-tree page.  */
          c = sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(nCell, (void*)&pCell[1], pIdxKey);
        }else if( !(pCell[1] & 0x80) 
          && (nCell = ((nCell&0x7f)<<7) + pCell[1])<=pPage->maxLocal
        ){
          /* The record-size field is a 2 byte varint and the record 
          ** fits entirely on the main b-tree page.  */
          c = sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(nCell, (void*)&pCell[2], pIdxKey);
        }else{
          /* The record flows over onto one or more overflow pages. In
          ** this case the whole cell needs to be parsed, a buffer allocated
          ** and accessPayload() used to retrieve the record into the
          ** buffer before VdbeRecordCompare() can be called. */
          void *pCellKey;
          u8 * const pCellBody = pCell - pPage->childPtrSize;
          btreeParseCellPtr(pPage, pCellBody, &pCur->info);
          nCell = (int)pCur->info.nKey;
          pCellKey = sqlite3Malloc( nCell );
          if( pCellKey==0 ){
            rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
            goto moveto_finish;
          }
          rc = accessPayload(pCur, 0, nCell, (unsigned char*)pCellKey, 0);
          if( rc ){
            sqlite3_free(pCellKey);
            goto moveto_finish;
          }
          c = sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(nCell, pCellKey, pIdxKey);
          sqlite3_free(pCellKey);
        }
      }
      if( c==0 ){

        if( pPage->intKey && !pPage->leaf ){
          lwr = idx;
          upr = lwr - 1;
          break;
        }else{
          *pRes = 0;
          rc = SQLITE_OK;
          goto moveto_finish;
        }
      }
      if( c<0 ){
        lwr = idx+1;
      }else{
        upr = idx-1;
      }
      if( lwr>upr ){

        break;
      }

      pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage] = (u16)((lwr+upr)/2);
    }
    assert( lwr==upr+1 );
    assert( pPage->isInit );
    if( pPage->leaf ){
      chldPg = 0;
    }else if( lwr>=pPage->nCell ){
      chldPg = get4byte(&pPage->aData[pPage->hdrOffset+8]);
    }else{
      chldPg = get4byte(findCell(pPage, lwr));
    }
    if( chldPg==0 ){
      assert( pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage]<pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]->nCell );
      *pRes = c;
      rc = SQLITE_OK;
      goto moveto_finish;
    }
    pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage] = (u16)lwr;
    pCur->info.nSize = 0;
    pCur->validNKey = 0;
    rc = moveToChild(pCur, chldPg);
    if( rc ) goto moveto_finish;
  }
moveto_finish:





  return rc;
}


/*
** Return TRUE if the cursor is not pointing at an entry of the table.
**
................................................................................
  /* TODO: What if the cursor is in CURSOR_REQUIRESEEK but all table entries
  ** have been deleted? This API will need to change to return an error code
  ** as well as the boolean result value.
  */
  return (CURSOR_VALID!=pCur->eState);
}









/*
** Advance the cursor to the next entry in the database.  If
** successful then set *pRes=0.  If the cursor
** was already pointing to the last entry in the database before
** this routine was called, then set *pRes=1.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeNext(BtCursor *pCur, int *pRes){
  int rc;
  int idx;
  MemPage *pPage;

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  rc = restoreCursorPosition(pCur);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    return rc;
  }
  assert( pRes!=0 );

  if( CURSOR_INVALID==pCur->eState ){
    *pRes = 1;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  if( pCur->skipNext>0 ){
    pCur->skipNext = 0;
    *pRes = 0;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  pCur->skipNext = 0;

  pPage = pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage];
  idx = ++pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage];
  assert( pPage->isInit );
  assert( idx<=pPage->nCell );


  pCur->info.nSize = 0;
  pCur->validNKey = 0;
  if( idx>=pPage->nCell ){
    if( !pPage->leaf ){
      rc = moveToChild(pCur, get4byte(&pPage->aData[pPage->hdrOffset+8]));
      if( rc ) return rc;
      rc = moveToLeftmost(pCur);
      *pRes = 0;
      return rc;
    }
    do{
      if( pCur->iPage==0 ){
        *pRes = 1;
        pCur->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;
        return SQLITE_OK;
      }
      moveToParent(pCur);
      pPage = pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage];
    }while( pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage]>=pPage->nCell );
    *pRes = 0;
    if( pPage->intKey ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreeNext(pCur, pRes);
    }else{
      rc = SQLITE_OK;
    }
    return rc;
................................................................................
** Step the cursor to the back to the previous entry in the database.  If
** successful then set *pRes=0.  If the cursor
** was already pointing to the first entry in the database before
** this routine was called, then set *pRes=1.
*/
int sqlite3BtreePrevious(BtCursor *pCur, int *pRes){
  int rc;

  MemPage *pPage;

  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  rc = restoreCursorPosition(pCur);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    return rc;
  }
  pCur->atLast = 0;
  if( CURSOR_INVALID==pCur->eState ){
    *pRes = 1;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  if( pCur->skipNext<0 ){
    pCur->skipNext = 0;
    *pRes = 0;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  pCur->skipNext = 0;

  pPage = pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage];
  assert( pPage->isInit );

  if( !pPage->leaf ){

    int idx = pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage];
    rc = moveToChild(pCur, get4byte(findCell(pPage, idx)));
    if( rc ){
      return rc;
    }
    rc = moveToRightmost(pCur);
  }else{
    while( pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage]==0 ){
      if( pCur->iPage==0 ){
        pCur->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;
        *pRes = 1;
        return SQLITE_OK;
      }
      moveToParent(pCur);

    }

    pCur->info.nSize = 0;
    pCur->validNKey = 0;

    pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage]--;
    pPage = pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage];
    if( pPage->intKey && !pPage->leaf ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreePrevious(pCur, pRes);
    }else{
      rc = SQLITE_OK;
    }
  }
  *pRes = 0;
................................................................................
  MemPage **ppPage, 
  Pgno *pPgno, 
  Pgno nearby,
  u8 exact
){
  MemPage *pPage1;
  int rc;
  u32 n;     /* Number of pages on the freelist */
  u32 k;     /* Number of leaves on the trunk of the freelist */
  MemPage *pTrunk = 0;
  MemPage *pPrevTrunk = 0;
  Pgno mxPage;     /* Total size of the database file */

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  pPage1 = pBt->pPage1;
  mxPage = btreePagecount(pBt);
  n = get4byte(&pPage1->aData[36]);
  testcase( n==mxPage-1 );
  if( n>=mxPage ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  if( n>0 ){
    /* There are pages on the freelist.  Reuse one of those pages. */
    Pgno iTrunk;
    u8 searchList = 0; /* If the free-list must be searched for 'nearby' */
    
    /* If the 'exact' parameter was true and a query of the pointer-map
    ** shows that the page 'nearby' is somewhere on the free-list, then
    ** the entire-list will be searched for that page.
    */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
    if( exact && nearby<=mxPage ){
      u8 eType;
      assert( nearby>0 );
      assert( pBt->autoVacuum );
      rc = ptrmapGet(pBt, nearby, &eType, 0);
      if( rc ) return rc;
      if( eType==PTRMAP_FREEPAGE ){
        searchList = 1;
................................................................................
    do {
      pPrevTrunk = pTrunk;
      if( pPrevTrunk ){
        iTrunk = get4byte(&pPrevTrunk->aData[0]);
      }else{
        iTrunk = get4byte(&pPage1->aData[32]);
      }
      testcase( iTrunk==mxPage );
      if( iTrunk>mxPage ){
        rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      }else{
        rc = btreeGetPage(pBt, iTrunk, &pTrunk, 0);
      }
      if( rc ){
        pTrunk = 0;
        goto end_allocate_page;
      }

      k = get4byte(&pTrunk->aData[4]);
      if( k==0 && !searchList ){
................................................................................
          goto end_allocate_page;
        }
        *pPgno = iTrunk;
        memcpy(&pPage1->aData[32], &pTrunk->aData[0], 4);
        *ppPage = pTrunk;
        pTrunk = 0;
        TRACE(("ALLOCATE: %d trunk - %d free pages left\n", *pPgno, n-1));
      }else if( k>(u32)(pBt->usableSize/4 - 2) ){
        /* Value of k is out of range.  Database corruption */
        rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
        goto end_allocate_page;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
      }else if( searchList && nearby==iTrunk ){
        /* The list is being searched and this trunk page is the page
        ** to allocate, regardless of whether it has leaves.
................................................................................
        if( rc ){
          goto end_allocate_page;
        }
        if( k==0 ){
          if( !pPrevTrunk ){
            memcpy(&pPage1->aData[32], &pTrunk->aData[0], 4);
          }else{
            rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPrevTrunk->pDbPage);
            if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
              goto end_allocate_page;
            }
            memcpy(&pPrevTrunk->aData[0], &pTrunk->aData[0], 4);
          }
        }else{
          /* The trunk page is required by the caller but it contains 
          ** pointers to free-list leaves. The first leaf becomes a trunk
          ** page in this case.
          */
          MemPage *pNewTrunk;
          Pgno iNewTrunk = get4byte(&pTrunk->aData[8]);
          if( iNewTrunk>mxPage ){ 
            rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
            goto end_allocate_page;
          }
          testcase( iNewTrunk==mxPage );
          rc = btreeGetPage(pBt, iNewTrunk, &pNewTrunk, 0);
          if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
            goto end_allocate_page;
          }
          rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pNewTrunk->pDbPage);
          if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
            releasePage(pNewTrunk);
            goto end_allocate_page;
          }
          memcpy(&pNewTrunk->aData[0], &pTrunk->aData[0], 4);
          put4byte(&pNewTrunk->aData[4], k-1);
          memcpy(&pNewTrunk->aData[8], &pTrunk->aData[12], (k-1)*4);
          releasePage(pNewTrunk);
          if( !pPrevTrunk ){
            assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pPage1->pDbPage) );
            put4byte(&pPage1->aData[32], iNewTrunk);
          }else{
            rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPrevTrunk->pDbPage);
            if( rc ){
              goto end_allocate_page;
            }
            put4byte(&pPrevTrunk->aData[0], iNewTrunk);
          }
        }
        pTrunk = 0;
        TRACE(("ALLOCATE: %d trunk - %d free pages left\n", *pPgno, n-1));
#endif
      }else if( k>0 ){
        /* Extract a leaf from the trunk */
        u32 closest;
        Pgno iPage;
        unsigned char *aData = pTrunk->aData;
        rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pTrunk->pDbPage);
        if( rc ){
          goto end_allocate_page;
        }
        if( nearby>0 ){
          u32 i;
          int dist;
          closest = 0;
          dist = get4byte(&aData[8]) - nearby;
          if( dist<0 ) dist = -dist;
          for(i=1; i<k; i++){
            int d2 = get4byte(&aData[8+i*4]) - nearby;
            if( d2<0 ) d2 = -d2;
            if( d2<dist ){
................................................................................
            }
          }
        }else{
          closest = 0;
        }

        iPage = get4byte(&aData[8+closest*4]);
        testcase( iPage==mxPage );



        if( iPage>mxPage ){

          rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
          goto end_allocate_page;
        }
        testcase( iPage==mxPage );
        if( !searchList || iPage==nearby ){
          int noContent;
          *pPgno = iPage;
          TRACE(("ALLOCATE: %d was leaf %d of %d on trunk %d"
                 ": %d more free pages\n",
                 *pPgno, closest+1, k, pTrunk->pgno, n-1));
          if( closest<k-1 ){
            memcpy(&aData[8+closest*4], &aData[4+k*4], 4);
          }
          put4byte(&aData[4], k-1);
          assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pTrunk->pDbPage) );
          noContent = !btreeGetHasContent(pBt, *pPgno);
          rc = btreeGetPage(pBt, *pPgno, ppPage, noContent);
          if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){

            rc = sqlite3PagerWrite((*ppPage)->pDbPage);
            if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
              releasePage(*ppPage);
            }
          }
          searchList = 0;
        }
................................................................................
      }
      releasePage(pPrevTrunk);
      pPrevTrunk = 0;
    }while( searchList );
  }else{
    /* There are no pages on the freelist, so create a new page at the
    ** end of the file */
    rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pBt->pPage1->pDbPage);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    pBt->nPage++;
    if( pBt->nPage==PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) ) pBt->nPage++;

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM










    if( pBt->autoVacuum && PTRMAP_ISPAGE(pBt, pBt->nPage) ){
      /* If *pPgno refers to a pointer-map page, allocate two new pages
      ** at the end of the file instead of one. The first allocated page
      ** becomes a new pointer-map page, the second is used by the caller.
      */
      MemPage *pPg = 0;
      TRACE(("ALLOCATE: %d from end of file (pointer-map page)\n", pBt->nPage));
      assert( pBt->nPage!=PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) );

      rc = btreeGetPage(pBt, pBt->nPage, &pPg, 1);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPg->pDbPage);
        releasePage(pPg);
      }
      if( rc ) return rc;
      pBt->nPage++;

      if( pBt->nPage==PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) ){ pBt->nPage++; }
    }
#endif
    put4byte(28 + (u8*)pBt->pPage1->aData, pBt->nPage);
    *pPgno = pBt->nPage;

    assert( *pPgno!=PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) );
    rc = btreeGetPage(pBt, *pPgno, ppPage, 1);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    rc = sqlite3PagerWrite((*ppPage)->pDbPage);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      releasePage(*ppPage);
    }
    TRACE(("ALLOCATE: %d from end of file\n", *pPgno));
  }

  assert( *pPgno!=PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) );

end_allocate_page:
  releasePage(pTrunk);
  releasePage(pPrevTrunk);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( sqlite3PagerPageRefcount((*ppPage)->pDbPage)>1 ){
      releasePage(*ppPage);
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }
    (*ppPage)->isInit = 0;
  }else{
    *ppPage = 0;
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** This function is used to add page iPage to the database file free-list. 
** It is assumed that the page is not already a part of the free-list.
**
** The value passed as the second argument to this function is optional.
** If the caller happens to have a pointer to the MemPage object 
** corresponding to page iPage handy, it may pass it as the second value. 
** Otherwise, it may pass NULL.
**
** If a pointer to a MemPage object is passed as the second argument,
** its reference count is not altered by this function.
*/
static int freePage2(BtShared *pBt, MemPage *pMemPage, Pgno iPage){
  MemPage *pTrunk = 0;                /* Free-list trunk page */
  Pgno iTrunk = 0;                    /* Page number of free-list trunk page */ 
  MemPage *pPage1 = pBt->pPage1;      /* Local reference to page 1 */
  MemPage *pPage;                     /* Page being freed. May be NULL. */
  int rc;                             /* Return Code */
  int nFree;                          /* Initial number of pages on free-list */

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );