System.Data.SQLite
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Overview
Comment:1.0.55.0
Downloads: Tarball | ZIP archive | SQL archive
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | sourceforge
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA1: 24425920c86f90fa36074d5f3dc0d30295e091d2
User & Date: rmsimpson 2008-08-06 21:40:17
Context
2008-08-06
21:48
3.6.1 debug sources check-in: add0673a62 user: rmsimpson tags: sourceforge
21:40
1.0.55.0 check-in: 24425920c8 user: rmsimpson tags: sourceforge
2008-07-26
04:34
1.0.54.0 check-in: 41d8f0f895 user: rmsimpson tags: sourceforge
Changes
Hide Diffs Unified Diffs Ignore Whitespace Patch

Changes to SQLite.Interop/SQLite.Interop.rc.

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/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//
// Version
//

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|







 







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/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//
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Changes to SQLite.Interop/SQLite.Interop.vcproj.

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				<FileConfiguration
					Name="Release|Pocket PC 2003 (ARMV4)"
					ExcludedFromBuild="true"
					>
					<Tool
						Name="VCCLCompilerTool"
					/>
				</FileConfiguration>
				<FileConfiguration
					Name="Release|Itanium"
					ExcludedFromBuild="true"
					>
					<Tool
						Name="VCCLCompilerTool"
					/>
				</FileConfiguration>
				<FileConfiguration
					Name="Release|x64"
					ExcludedFromBuild="true"
					>
					<Tool
						Name="VCCLCompilerTool"
					/>
				</FileConfiguration>
			</File>
			<File
				RelativePath=".\splitsource\where.c"
				>
				<FileConfiguration
					Name="Release|Win32"
					ExcludedFromBuild="true"
					>
					<Tool
						Name="VCCLCompilerTool"
					/>
				</FileConfiguration>
				<FileConfiguration
					Name="Release|Pocket PC 2003 (ARMV4)"
					ExcludedFromBuild="true"
					>
					<Tool
						Name="VCCLCompilerTool"
					/>
				</FileConfiguration>
				<FileConfiguration
					Name="Release|Itanium"
					ExcludedFromBuild="true"
					>
					<Tool
						Name="VCCLCompilerTool"
					/>
				</FileConfiguration>
				<FileConfiguration
					Name="Release|x64"
					ExcludedFromBuild="true"
					>
					<Tool
						Name="VCCLCompilerTool"
					/>
				</FileConfiguration>
			</File>
		</Filter>
		<File
			RelativePath=".\SQLite.Interop.rc"
			>
		</File>
	</Files>
	<Globals>
	</Globals>
</VisualStudioProject>

Changes to SQLite.Interop/crypt.c.

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#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_DISKIO
#ifdef SQLITE_HAS_CODEC





#include <windows.h>
#include <wincrypt.h>

// Extra padding before and after the cryptographic buffer
#define CRYPT_OFFSET 8

................................................................................
static LPCRYPTBLOCK CreateCryptBlock(HCRYPTKEY hKey, Pager *pager, LPCRYPTBLOCK pExisting)
{
  LPCRYPTBLOCK pBlock;

  if (!pExisting) // Creating a new cryptblock
  {
    pBlock = sqlite3_malloc(sizeof(CRYPTBLOCK));


    ZeroMemory(pBlock, sizeof(CRYPTBLOCK));
    pBlock->hReadKey = hKey;
    pBlock->hWriteKey = hKey;
  }
  else // Updating an existing cryptblock
  {
    pBlock = pExisting;
................................................................................
    sqlite3_free(pBlock->pvCrypt);
    pBlock->pvCrypt = NULL;
  }

  // Figure out how big to make our spare crypt block
  CryptEncrypt(hKey, 0, TRUE, 0, NULL, &pBlock->dwCryptSize, pBlock->dwCryptSize * 2);
  pBlock->pvCrypt = sqlite3_malloc(pBlock->dwCryptSize + (CRYPT_OFFSET * 2));






  return pBlock;
}

// Destroy a cryptographic context and any buffers and keys allocated therein
static void DestroyCryptBlock(LPCRYPTBLOCK pBlock)
{
................................................................................
  LPCRYPTBLOCK pBlock = (LPCRYPTBLOCK)sqlite3pager_get_codecarg(p);

  if (ppKey) *ppKey = 0;
  if (pnKeyLen && pBlock) *pnKeyLen = 1;
}

// We do not attach this key to the temp store, only the main database.
__declspec(dllexport) int WINAPI sqlite3_key_interop(sqlite3 *db, const void *pKey, int nKeySize)
{
  return sqlite3CodecAttach(db, 0, pKey, nKeySize);
}

// Changes the encryption key for an existing database.
__declspec(dllexport) int WINAPI sqlite3_rekey_interop(sqlite3 *db, const void *pKey, int nKeySize)
{
  Btree *pbt = db->aDb[0].pBt;
  Pager *p = sqlite3BtreePager(pbt);
  LPCRYPTBLOCK pBlock = (LPCRYPTBLOCK)sqlite3pager_get_codecarg(p);
  HCRYPTKEY hKey = DeriveKey(pKey, nKeySize);
  int rc = SQLITE_ERROR;

................................................................................
  if (!pBlock && !hKey) return SQLITE_OK; // Wasn't encrypted to begin with

  // To rekey a database, we change the writekey for the pager.  The readkey remains
  // the same
  if (!pBlock) // Encrypt an unencrypted database
  {
    pBlock = CreateCryptBlock(hKey, p, NULL);



    pBlock->hReadKey = 0; // Original database is not encrypted
    sqlite3PagerSetCodec(sqlite3BtreePager(pbt), sqlite3Codec, pBlock);
    db->aDb[0].pAux = pBlock;
    db->aDb[0].xFreeAux = DestroyCryptBlock;
  }
  else // Change the writekey for an already-encrypted database
  {
................................................................................
    db->aDb[0].xFreeAux = NULL;
    DestroyCryptBlock(pBlock);
  }

  return rc;
}

int sqlite3_key(sqlite3 *db, const void *pKey, int nKey)
{
  return sqlite3_key_interop(db, pKey, nKey);
}

int sqlite3_rekey(sqlite3 *db, const void *pKey, int nKey)
{
  return sqlite3_rekey_interop(db, pKey, nKey);
}

#endif // SQLITE_HAS_CODEC

#endif // SQLITE_OMIT_DISKIO


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#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_DISKIO
#ifdef SQLITE_HAS_CODEC

#if _DEBUG
#include "splitsource\pager.c"
#endif

#include <windows.h>
#include <wincrypt.h>

// Extra padding before and after the cryptographic buffer
#define CRYPT_OFFSET 8

................................................................................
static LPCRYPTBLOCK CreateCryptBlock(HCRYPTKEY hKey, Pager *pager, LPCRYPTBLOCK pExisting)
{
  LPCRYPTBLOCK pBlock;

  if (!pExisting) // Creating a new cryptblock
  {
    pBlock = sqlite3_malloc(sizeof(CRYPTBLOCK));
    if (!pBlock) return NULL;

    ZeroMemory(pBlock, sizeof(CRYPTBLOCK));
    pBlock->hReadKey = hKey;
    pBlock->hWriteKey = hKey;
  }
  else // Updating an existing cryptblock
  {
    pBlock = pExisting;
................................................................................
    sqlite3_free(pBlock->pvCrypt);
    pBlock->pvCrypt = NULL;
  }

  // Figure out how big to make our spare crypt block
  CryptEncrypt(hKey, 0, TRUE, 0, NULL, &pBlock->dwCryptSize, pBlock->dwCryptSize * 2);
  pBlock->pvCrypt = sqlite3_malloc(pBlock->dwCryptSize + (CRYPT_OFFSET * 2));
  if (!pBlock->pvCrypt)
  {
    sqlite3_free(pBlock);
    return NULL;
  }

  return pBlock;
}

// Destroy a cryptographic context and any buffers and keys allocated therein
static void DestroyCryptBlock(LPCRYPTBLOCK pBlock)
{
................................................................................
  LPCRYPTBLOCK pBlock = (LPCRYPTBLOCK)sqlite3pager_get_codecarg(p);

  if (ppKey) *ppKey = 0;
  if (pnKeyLen && pBlock) *pnKeyLen = 1;
}

// We do not attach this key to the temp store, only the main database.
int sqlite3_key(sqlite3 *db, const void *pKey, int nKeySize)
{
  return sqlite3CodecAttach(db, 0, pKey, nKeySize);
}

// Changes the encryption key for an existing database.
int sqlite3_rekey(sqlite3 *db, const void *pKey, int nKeySize)
{
  Btree *pbt = db->aDb[0].pBt;
  Pager *p = sqlite3BtreePager(pbt);
  LPCRYPTBLOCK pBlock = (LPCRYPTBLOCK)sqlite3pager_get_codecarg(p);
  HCRYPTKEY hKey = DeriveKey(pKey, nKeySize);
  int rc = SQLITE_ERROR;

................................................................................
  if (!pBlock && !hKey) return SQLITE_OK; // Wasn't encrypted to begin with

  // To rekey a database, we change the writekey for the pager.  The readkey remains
  // the same
  if (!pBlock) // Encrypt an unencrypted database
  {
    pBlock = CreateCryptBlock(hKey, p, NULL);
    if (!pBlock)
      return SQLITE_NOMEM;

    pBlock->hReadKey = 0; // Original database is not encrypted
    sqlite3PagerSetCodec(sqlite3BtreePager(pbt), sqlite3Codec, pBlock);
    db->aDb[0].pAux = pBlock;
    db->aDb[0].xFreeAux = DestroyCryptBlock;
  }
  else // Change the writekey for an already-encrypted database
  {
................................................................................
    db->aDb[0].xFreeAux = NULL;
    DestroyCryptBlock(pBlock);
  }

  return rc;
}











#endif // SQLITE_HAS_CODEC

#endif // SQLITE_OMIT_DISKIO

Added SQLite.Interop/extension-functions.c.









































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































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/*
This library will provide common mathematical and string functions in
SQL queries using the operating system math library.  It includes the
following functions:

Math: acos, asin, atan, atn2, atan2, acosh, asinh, atanh, difference,
degrees, radians, cos, sin, tan, cot, cosh, sinh, tanh, coth, exp,
log, log10, power, sign, sqrt, square, ceil, floor, pi.

String: replicate, charindex, leftstr, rightstr, ltrim, rtrim, trim,
replace, reverse, proper, padl, padr, padc, strfilter.

Aggregate: stdev, variance, mode, median, lower_quartile,
upper_quartile.

The string functions ltrim, rtrim, trim, replace are included in
recent versions of SQLite and so by default do not build.

Instructions:
1) Compile with
   Linux:
     gcc -fPIC -lm -shared extension-functions.c -o libsqlitefunctions.so
   Mac OS X:
     gcc -fno-common -dynamiclib extension-functions.c -o libsqlitefunctions.dylib
   (You may need to add flags
    -I /opt/local/include/ -L/opt/local/lib -lsqlite3
    if your sqlite3 is installed from Mac ports, or
    -I /sw/include/ -L/sw/lib -lsqlite3
    if installed with Fink.)
2) In your application, call sqlite3_enable_load_extension(db,1) to
   allow loading external libraries.  Then load the library libsqlitefunctions
   using sqlite3_load_extension; the third argument should be 0.
   See http://www.sqlite.org/cvstrac/wiki?p=LoadableExtensions.
3) Use, for example:
   SELECT cos(radians(inclination)) FROM satsum WHERE satnum = 25544;

Note: Loading extensions is by default prohibited as a
security measure; see "Security Considerations" in
http://www.sqlite.org/cvstrac/wiki?p=LoadableExtensions.
If the sqlite3 program and library are built this
way, you cannot use these functions from the program, you 
must write your own program using the sqlite3 API, and call
sqlite3_enable_load_extension as described above.

If the program is built so that loading extensions is permitted,
the following will work:
sqlite> SELECT load_extension('./libsqlitefunctions.so');
sqlite> select cos(radians(45));
0.707106781186548

Alterations:
The instructions are for Linux or Mac OS X; users of other OSes may
need to modify this procedure.  In particular, if your math library
lacks one or more of the needed trig or log functions, comment out the
appropriate HAVE_ #define at the top of file.  If you do not
wish to make a loadable module, comment out the define for
COMPILE_SQLITE_EXTENSIONS_AS_LOADABLE_MODULE.  If you are using a
version of SQLite without the trim functions and replace, comment out
the HAVE_TRIM #define.

Liam Healy

History:
2008-06-13 Change to instructions to indicate use of the math library
and that program might work.
2007-10-01 Minor clarification to instructions.
2007-09-29 Compilation as loadable module is optional with
COMPILE_SQLITE_EXTENSIONS_AS_LOADABLE_MODULE.
2007-09-28 Use sqlite3_extension_init and macros
SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT1, SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT2, so that it works with
sqlite3_load_extension.  Thanks to Eric Higashino and Joe Wilson.
New instructions for Mac compilation.
2007-09-17 With help from Joe Wilson and Nuno Luca, made use of
external interfaces so that compilation is no longer dependent on
SQLite source code.  Merged source, header, and README into a single
file.  Added casts so that Mac will compile without warnings (unsigned
and signed char).
2007-09-05 Included some definitions from sqlite 3.3.13 so that this
will continue to work in newer versions of sqlite.  Completed
description of functions available.
2007-03-27 Revised description.
2007-03-23 Small cleanup and a bug fix on the code.  This was mainly
letting errno flag errors encountered in the math library and checking
the result, rather than pre-checking.  This fixes a bug in power that
would cause an error if any non-positive number was raised to any
power.
2007-02-07 posted by Mikey C to sqlite mailing list.
Original code 2006 June 05 by relicoder.

*/

//#include "config.h"
#include <windows.h>

// #define COMPILE_SQLITE_EXTENSIONS_AS_LOADABLE_MODULE
//#define HAVE_ACOSH 1
//#define HAVE_ASINH 1
//#define HAVE_ATANH 1
#define HAVE_SINH 1
#define HAVE_COSH 1
#define HAVE_TANH 1
#define HAVE_LOG10 1
//#define HAVE_ISBLANK 1
#define SQLITE_SOUNDEX 1
#define HAVE_TRIM 1		/* LMH 2007-03-25 if sqlite has trim functions */

#ifdef COMPILE_SQLITE_EXTENSIONS_AS_LOADABLE_MODULE
#include "sqlite3ext.h"
SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT1
#else
#include "src/sqlite3.h"
#endif

#include <ctype.h>
/* relicoder */
#include <math.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdio.h>

#ifndef _WIN32_WCE
#include <errno.h>		/* LMH 2007-03-25 */
#else
int errno;
#define strerror(x) ""
#endif

#include <stdlib.h>
#include <assert.h>

#ifndef _MAP_H_
#define _MAP_H_

//#include <stdint.h>

typedef signed char int8_t;
typedef unsigned char uint8_t;
typedef signed int int16_t;
typedef unsigned int uint16_t;
typedef signed long int int32_t;
typedef unsigned long int uint32_t;
typedef signed long long int int64_t;
typedef unsigned long long int uint64_t;

/*
** Simple binary tree implementation to use in median, mode and quartile calculations
** Tree is not necessarily balanced. That would require something like red&black trees of AVL
*/

typedef int(*cmp_func)(const void *, const void *);
typedef void(*map_iterator)(void*, int64_t, void*);

typedef struct node{
  struct node *l;
  struct node *r;
  void* data;
  int64_t count;
} node;

typedef struct map{
  node *base;
  cmp_func cmp;
  short free;
} map;

/*
** creates a map given a comparison function
*/
map map_make(cmp_func cmp);

/*
** inserts the element e into map m
*/
void map_insert(map *m, void *e);

/*
** executes function iter over all elements in the map, in key increasing order
*/
void map_iterate(map *m, map_iterator iter, void* p);

/*
** frees all memory used by a map
*/
void map_destroy(map *m);

/*
** compares 2 integers
** to use with map_make
*/
int int_cmp(const void *a, const void *b);

/*
** compares 2 doubles
** to use with map_make
*/
int double_cmp(const void *a, const void *b);

#endif /* _MAP_H_ */

typedef uint8_t         u8;
//typedef uint16_t        u16;
typedef int64_t         i64;

static char *sqlite3StrDup( const char *z ) {
    char *res = sqlite3_malloc( strlen(z)+1 );
    return strcpy( res, z );
}

/*
** These are copied verbatim from fun.c so as to not have the names exported
*/

/* LMH from sqlite3 3.3.13 */
/*
** This table maps from the first byte of a UTF-8 character to the number
** of trailing bytes expected. A value '4' indicates that the table key
** is not a legal first byte for a UTF-8 character.
*/
static const u8 xtra_utf8_bytes[256]  = {
/* 0xxxxxxx */
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,     0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,     0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,     0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,     0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,     0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,     0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,     0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,     0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,

/* 10wwwwww */
4, 4, 4, 4, 4, 4, 4, 4,     4, 4, 4, 4, 4, 4, 4, 4,
4, 4, 4, 4, 4, 4, 4, 4,     4, 4, 4, 4, 4, 4, 4, 4,
4, 4, 4, 4, 4, 4, 4, 4,     4, 4, 4, 4, 4, 4, 4, 4,
4, 4, 4, 4, 4, 4, 4, 4,     4, 4, 4, 4, 4, 4, 4, 4,

/* 110yyyyy */
1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,     1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,
1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,     1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,

/* 1110zzzz */
2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2,     2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2,

/* 11110yyy */
3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3,     4, 4, 4, 4, 4, 4, 4, 4,
};


/*
** This table maps from the number of trailing bytes in a UTF-8 character
** to an integer constant that is effectively calculated for each character
** read by a naive implementation of a UTF-8 character reader. The code
** in the READ_UTF8 macro explains things best.
*/
static const int xtra_utf8_bits[] =  {
  0,
  12416,          /* (0xC0 << 6) + (0x80) */
  925824,         /* (0xE0 << 12) + (0x80 << 6) + (0x80) */
  63447168        /* (0xF0 << 18) + (0x80 << 12) + (0x80 << 6) + 0x80 */
};

/*
** If a UTF-8 character contains N bytes extra bytes (N bytes follow
** the initial byte so that the total character length is N+1) then
** masking the character with utf8_mask[N] must produce a non-zero
** result.  Otherwise, we have an (illegal) overlong encoding.
*/
static const int utf_mask[] = {
  0x00000000,
  0xffffff80,
  0xfffff800,
  0xffff0000,
};

/* LMH salvaged from sqlite3 3.3.13 source code src/utf.c */
#define OLD_READ_UTF8(zIn, c) { \
  int xtra;                                            \
  c = *(zIn)++;                                        \
  xtra = xtra_utf8_bytes[c];                           \
  switch( xtra ){                                      \
    case 4: c = (int)0xFFFD; break;                    \
    case 3: c = (c<<6) + *(zIn)++;                     \
    case 2: c = (c<<6) + *(zIn)++;                     \
    case 1: c = (c<<6) + *(zIn)++;                     \
    c -= xtra_utf8_bits[xtra];                         \
    if( (utf_mask[xtra]&c)==0                          \
        || (c&0xFFFFF800)==0xD800                      \
        || (c&0xFFFFFFFE)==0xFFFE ){  c = 0xFFFD; }    \
  }                                                    \
}

static int sqlite3ReadUtf8(const unsigned char *z){
  int c;
  OLD_READ_UTF8(z, c);
  return c;
}

#define SKIP_UTF8(zIn) {                               \
  zIn += (xtra_utf8_bytes[*(u8 *)zIn] + 1);            \
}

/*
** X is a pointer to the first byte of a UTF-8 character.  Increment
** X so that it points to the next character.  This only works right
** if X points to a well-formed UTF-8 string.
*/
#define sqliteNextChar(X)  while( (0xc0&*++(X))==0x80 ){}
#define sqliteCharVal(X)   sqlite3ReadUtf8(X)

/*
** This is a macro that facilitates writting wrappers for math.h functions
** it creates code for a function to use in SQlite that gets one numeric input
** and returns a floating point value.
**
** Could have been implemented using pointers to functions but this way it's inline
** and thus more efficient. Lower * ranking though...
** 
** Parameters:
** name:      function name to de defined (eg: sinFunc)
** function:  function defined in math.h to wrap (eg: sin)
** domain:    boolean condition that CAN'T happen in terms of the input parameter rVal
**            (eg: rval<0 for sqrt)
*/
/* LMH 2007-03-25 Changed to use errno and remove domain; no pre-checking for errors. */
#define GEN_MATH_WRAP_DOUBLE_1(name, function) \
static void name(sqlite3_context *context, int argc, sqlite3_value **argv){\
  double rVal = 0.0, val;\
  assert( argc==1 );\
  switch( sqlite3_value_type(argv[0]) ){\
    case SQLITE_NULL: {\
      sqlite3_result_null(context);\
      break;\
    }\
    default: {\
      rVal = sqlite3_value_double(argv[0]);\
      errno = 0;\
      val = function(rVal);\
      if (errno == 0) {\
        sqlite3_result_double(context, val);\
      } else {\
        sqlite3_result_error(context, strerror(errno), errno);\
      }\
      break;\
    }\
  }\
}\


/*
** Example of GEN_MATH_WRAP_DOUBLE_1 usage
** this creates function sqrtFunc to wrap the math.h standard function sqrt(x)=x^0.5
*/
GEN_MATH_WRAP_DOUBLE_1(sqrtFunc, sqrt)

/* trignometric functions */
GEN_MATH_WRAP_DOUBLE_1(acosFunc, acos)
GEN_MATH_WRAP_DOUBLE_1(asinFunc, asin)
GEN_MATH_WRAP_DOUBLE_1(atanFunc, atan)

/*
** Many of systems don't have inverse hyperbolic trig functions so this will emulate
** them on those systems in terms of log and sqrt (formulas are too trivial to demand 
** written proof here)
*/

#ifndef HAVE_ACOSH
static double acosh(double x){
  return log(x + sqrt(x*x - 1.0));
}
#endif

GEN_MATH_WRAP_DOUBLE_1(acoshFunc, acosh)

#ifndef HAVE_ASINH
static double asinh(double x){
  return log(x + sqrt(x*x + 1.0));
}
#endif

GEN_MATH_WRAP_DOUBLE_1(asinhFunc, asinh)

#ifndef HAVE_ATANH
static double atanh(double x){
  return (1.0/2.0)*log((1+x)/(1-x)) ;
}
#endif

GEN_MATH_WRAP_DOUBLE_1(atanhFunc, atanh)

/*
** math.h doesn't require cot (cotangent) so it's defined here
*/
static double cot(double x){
  return 1.0/tan(x);
}

GEN_MATH_WRAP_DOUBLE_1(sinFunc, sin)
GEN_MATH_WRAP_DOUBLE_1(cosFunc, cos)
GEN_MATH_WRAP_DOUBLE_1(tanFunc, tan)
GEN_MATH_WRAP_DOUBLE_1(cotFunc, cot)

static double coth(double x){
  return 1.0/tanh(x);
}

/*
** Many systems don't have hyperbolic trigonometric functions so this will emulate
** them on those systems directly from the definition in terms of exp
*/
#ifndef HAVE_SINH
static double sinh(double x){
  return (exp(x)-exp(-x))/2.0;
}
#endif

GEN_MATH_WRAP_DOUBLE_1(sinhFunc, sinh)

#ifndef HAVE_COSH
static double cosh(double x){
  return (exp(x)+exp(-x))/2.0;
}
#endif

GEN_MATH_WRAP_DOUBLE_1(coshFunc, cosh)

#ifndef HAVE_TANH
static double tanh(double x){
  return sinh(x)/cosh(x);
}
#endif

GEN_MATH_WRAP_DOUBLE_1(tanhFunc, tanh)

GEN_MATH_WRAP_DOUBLE_1(cothFunc, coth)

/*
** Some systems lack log in base 10. This will emulate it
*/

#ifndef HAVE_LOG10
static double log10(double x){
  static double l10 = -1.0;
  if( l10<0.0 ){
    l10 = log(10.0);
  }
  return log(x)/l10;
}
#endif

GEN_MATH_WRAP_DOUBLE_1(logFunc, log)
GEN_MATH_WRAP_DOUBLE_1(log10Func, log10)
GEN_MATH_WRAP_DOUBLE_1(expFunc, exp)

/*
** Fallback for systems where math.h doesn't define M_PI
*/
#undef M_PI
#ifndef M_PI
/*
** static double PI = acos(-1.0);
** #define M_PI (PI)
*/
#define M_PI 3.14159265358979323846
#endif

/* Convert Degrees into Radians */
static double deg2rad(double x){
  return x*M_PI/180.0;
}

/* Convert Radians into Degrees */
static double rad2deg(double x){
  return 180.0*x/M_PI;
}

GEN_MATH_WRAP_DOUBLE_1(rad2degFunc, rad2deg)
GEN_MATH_WRAP_DOUBLE_1(deg2radFunc, deg2rad)

/* constant function that returns the value of PI=3.1415... */
static void piFunc(sqlite3_context *context, int argc, sqlite3_value **argv){
  sqlite3_result_double(context, M_PI);
}

/*
** Implements the sqrt function, it has the peculiarity of returning an integer when the
** the argument is an integer.
** Since SQLite isn't strongly typed (almost untyped actually) this is a bit pedantic
*/
static void squareFunc(sqlite3_context *context, int argc, sqlite3_value **argv){
  i64 iVal = 0;
  double rVal = 0.0;
  assert( argc==2 );
  switch( sqlite3_value_type(argv[0]) ){
    case SQLITE_INTEGER: {
      iVal = sqlite3_value_int64(argv[0]);
      sqlite3_result_int64(context, iVal*iVal);
      break;
    }
    case SQLITE_NULL: {
      sqlite3_result_null(context);
      break;
    }
    default: {
      rVal = sqlite3_value_double(argv[0]);
      sqlite3_result_double(context, rVal*rVal);
      break;
    }
  }
}

/*
** Wraps the pow math.h function
** When both the base and the exponent are integers the result should be integer
** (see sqrt just before this). Here the result is always double
*/
/* LMH 2007-03-25 Changed to use errno; no pre-checking for errors.  Also removes
  but that was present in the pre-checking that called sqlite3_result_error on 
  a non-positive first argument, which is not always an error. */
static void powerFunc(sqlite3_context *context, int argc, sqlite3_value **argv){
  double r1 = 0.0;
  double r2 = 0.0;
  double val;

  assert( argc==2 );
  
  if( sqlite3_value_type(argv[0]) == SQLITE_NULL || sqlite3_value_type(argv[1]) == SQLITE_NULL ){
    sqlite3_result_null(context); 
  }else{
    r1 = sqlite3_value_double(argv[0]);
    r2 = sqlite3_value_double(argv[1]);
    errno = 0;
    val = pow(r1,r2);
    if (errno == 0) {
      sqlite3_result_double(context, val);
    } else {  
      sqlite3_result_error(context, strerror(errno), errno);
    }  
  }
}

/*
** atan2 wrapper
*/
static void atn2Func(sqlite3_context *context, int argc, sqlite3_value **argv){
  double r1 = 0.0;
  double r2 = 0.0;

  assert( argc==2 );
  
  if( sqlite3_value_type(argv[0]) == SQLITE_NULL || sqlite3_value_type(argv[1]) == SQLITE_NULL ){
    sqlite3_result_null(context); 
  }else{
    r1 = sqlite3_value_double(argv[0]);
    r2 = sqlite3_value_double(argv[1]);
    sqlite3_result_double(context, atan2(r1,r2));
  }
}

/*
** Implementation of the sign() function
** return one of 3 possibilities +1,0 or -1 when the argument is respectively
** positive, 0 or negative.
** When the argument is NULL the result is also NULL (completly conventional)
*/
static void signFunc(sqlite3_context *context, int argc, sqlite3_value **argv){
  double rVal=0.0;
  i64 iVal=0;
  assert( argc==1 );
  switch( sqlite3_value_type(argv[0]) ){
    case SQLITE_INTEGER: {
      iVal = sqlite3_value_int64(argv[0]);
      iVal = ( iVal > 0) ? 1: ( iVal < 0 ) ? -1: 0;
      sqlite3_result_int64(context, iVal);
      break;
    }
    case SQLITE_NULL: {
      sqlite3_result_null(context);
      break;
    }
    default: {
 /* 2nd change below. Line for abs was: if( rVal<0 ) rVal = rVal * -1.0;  */

      rVal = sqlite3_value_double(argv[0]);
      rVal = ( rVal > 0) ? 1: ( rVal < 0 ) ? -1: 0;
      sqlite3_result_double(context, rVal);
      break;
    }
  }
}


/*
** smallest integer value not less than argument
*/
static void ceilFunc(sqlite3_context *context, int argc, sqlite3_value **argv){
  double rVal=0.0;
  i64 iVal=0;
  assert( argc==1 );
  switch( sqlite3_value_type(argv[0]) ){
    case SQLITE_INTEGER: {
      i64 iVal = sqlite3_value_int64(argv[0]);
      sqlite3_result_int64(context, iVal);
      break;
    }
    case SQLITE_NULL: {
      sqlite3_result_null(context);
      break;
    }
    default: {
      rVal = sqlite3_value_double(argv[0]);
      sqlite3_result_int64(context, (i64) ceil(rVal));
      break;
    }
  }
}

/*
** largest integer value not greater than argument
*/
static void floorFunc(sqlite3_context *context, int argc, sqlite3_value **argv){
  double rVal=0.0;
  i64 iVal=0;
  assert( argc==1 );
  switch( sqlite3_value_type(argv[0]) ){
    case SQLITE_INTEGER: {
      i64 iVal = sqlite3_value_int64(argv[0]);
      sqlite3_result_int64(context, iVal);
      break;
    }
    case SQLITE_NULL: {
      sqlite3_result_null(context);
      break;
    }
    default: {
      rVal = sqlite3_value_double(argv[0]);
      sqlite3_result_int64(context, (i64) floor(rVal));
      break;
    }
  }
}

/*
** Given a string (s) in the first argument and an integer (n) in the second returns the 
** string that constains s contatenated n times
*/
static void replicateFunc(sqlite3_context *context, int argc, sqlite3_value **argv){
  unsigned char *z;        /* input string */
  unsigned char *zo;       /* result string */
  i64 iCount;              /* times to repeat */
  i64 nLen;                /* length of the input string (no multibyte considerations) */ 
  i64 nTLen;               /* length of the result string (no multibyte considerations) */
  i64 i=0;

  if( argc!=2 || SQLITE_NULL==sqlite3_value_type(argv[0]) )
    return;

  iCount = sqlite3_value_int64(argv[1]);

  if( iCount<0 ){
    sqlite3_result_error(context, "domain error", -1);
  }else{

    nLen  = sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[0]);
    nTLen = nLen*iCount;
    z=sqlite3_malloc(nTLen+1);
    zo=sqlite3_malloc(nLen+1);
    if (!z || !zo){
      sqlite3_result_error_nomem(context);
      if (z) sqlite3_free(z);
      if (zo) sqlite3_free(zo);
      return;
    }
    strcpy((char*)zo, (char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]));

    for(i=0; i<iCount; ++i){
      strcpy((char*)(z+i*nLen), (char*)zo);
    }

    sqlite3_result_text(context, (char*)z, -1, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
    sqlite3_free(z);
    sqlite3_free(zo);
  }
}

/* 
** Some systems (win32 among others) don't have an isblank function, this will emulate it.
** This function is not UFT-8 safe since it only analyses a byte character.
*/
#ifndef HAVE_ISBLANK
int isblank(char c){
  return( ' '==c || '\t'==c );
}
#endif

static void properFunc(sqlite3_context *context, int argc, sqlite3_value **argv){
  const unsigned char *z;     /* input string */
  unsigned char *zo;          /* output string */
  unsigned char *zt;          /* iterator */
  char r;
  int c=1;

  assert( argc!=1);
  if( SQLITE_NULL==sqlite3_value_type(argv[0]) ){
    sqlite3_result_null(context);
    return;
  }

  z = sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
  zo = (unsigned char *)sqlite3StrDup((char *) z);
  if (!zo) {
    sqlite3_result_error_nomem(context);
    return;
  }
  zt = zo;

  while( (r = *(z++))!=0 ){
    if( isblank(r) ){
      c=1;
    }else{
      if( c==1 ){
        r = toupper(r);
      }else{
        r = tolower(r);
      }
      c=0;
    }
    *(zt++) = r;
  }
  *zt = '\0';

  sqlite3_result_text(context, (char*)zo, -1, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
  sqlite3_free(zo);
}

/*
** given an input string (s) and an integer (n) adds spaces at the begining of  s
** until it has a length of n characters.
** When s has a length >=n it's a NOP
** padl(NULL) = NULL
*/
static void padlFunc(sqlite3_context *context, int argc, sqlite3_value **argv){
  i64 ilen;          /* length to pad to */
  i64 zl;            /* length of the input string (UTF-8 chars) */
  int i = 0;
  const char *zi;    /* input string */
  char *zo;          /* output string */
  char *zt;

  assert( argc==2 );
  
  if( sqlite3_value_type(argv[0]) == SQLITE_NULL ){
    sqlite3_result_null(context); 
  }else{
    zi = (char *)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
    ilen = sqlite3_value_int64(argv[1]);
    /* check domain */
    if(ilen<0){
      sqlite3_result_error(context, "domain error", -1);
      return;
    }
    zl = sqlite3Utf8CharLen(zi, -1);
    if( zl>=ilen ){
      /* string is longer than the requested pad length, return the same string (dup it) */
      zo = sqlite3StrDup(zi);
      if (!zo){
        sqlite3_result_error_nomem(context);
        return;
      }
      sqlite3_result_text(context, zo, -1, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
    }else{
      zo = sqlite3_malloc(strlen(zi)+ilen-zl+1);
      if (!zo){
        sqlite3_result_error_nomem(context);
        return;
      }
      zt = zo;
      for(i=1; i+zl<=ilen; ++i){
        *(zt++)=' ';
      }
      /* no need to take UTF-8 into consideration here */
      strcpy(zt,zi);
    }
    sqlite3_result_text(context, zo, -1, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
    sqlite3_free(zo);
  }
}

/*
** given an input string (s) and an integer (n) appends spaces at the end of  s
** until it has a length of n characters.
** When s has a length >=n it's a NOP
** padl(NULL) = NULL
*/
static void padrFunc(sqlite3_context *context, int argc, sqlite3_value **argv){
  i64 ilen;          /* length to pad to */
  i64 zl;            /* length of the input string (UTF-8 chars) */
  i64 zll;           /* length of the input string (bytes) */
  int i = 0;
  const char *zi;    /* input string */
  char *zo;          /* output string */
  char *zt;

  assert( argc==2 );
  
  if( sqlite3_value_type(argv[0]) == SQLITE_NULL ){
    sqlite3_result_null(context); 
  }else{
    zi = (char *)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
    ilen = sqlite3_value_int64(argv[1]);
    /* check domain */
    if(ilen<0){
      sqlite3_result_error(context, "domain error", -1);
      return;
    }
    zl = sqlite3Utf8CharLen(zi, -1);
    if( zl>=ilen ){
      /* string is longer than the requested pad length, return the same string (dup it) */
      zo = sqlite3StrDup(zi);
      if (!zo){
        sqlite3_result_error_nomem(context);
        return;
      }
      sqlite3_result_text(context, zo, -1, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
    }else{
      zll = strlen(zi);
      zo = sqlite3_malloc(zll+ilen-zl+1);
      if (!zo){
        sqlite3_result_error_nomem(context);
        return;
      }
      zt = strcpy(zo,zi)+zll;
      for(i=1; i+zl<=ilen; ++i){
        *(zt++) = ' ';
      }
      *zt = '\0';
    }
    sqlite3_result_text(context, zo, -1, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
    sqlite3_free(zo);
  }
}

/*
** given an input string (s) and an integer (n) appends spaces at the end of  s
** and adds spaces at the begining of s until it has a length of n characters.
** Tries to add has many characters at the left as at the right.
** When s has a length >=n it's a NOP
** padl(NULL) = NULL
*/
static void padcFunc(sqlite3_context *context, int argc, sqlite3_value **argv){
  i64 ilen;           /* length to pad to */
  i64 zl;             /* length of the input string (UTF-8 chars) */
  i64 zll;            /* length of the input string (bytes) */
  int i = 0;
  const char *zi;     /* input string */
  char *zo;           /* output string */
  char *zt;

  assert( argc==2 );
  
  if( sqlite3_value_type(argv[0]) == SQLITE_NULL ){
    sqlite3_result_null(context); 
  }else{
    zi = (char *)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
    ilen = sqlite3_value_int64(argv[1]);
    /* check domain */
    if(ilen<0){
      sqlite3_result_error(context, "domain error", -1);
      return;
    }
    zl = sqlite3Utf8CharLen(zi, -1);
    if( zl>=ilen ){
      /* string is longer than the requested pad length, return the same string (dup it) */
      zo = sqlite3StrDup(zi);
      if (!zo){
        sqlite3_result_error_nomem(context);
        return;
      }
      sqlite3_result_text(context, zo, -1, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
    }else{
      zll = strlen(zi);
      zo = sqlite3_malloc(zll+ilen-zl+1);
      if (!zo){
        sqlite3_result_error_nomem(context);
        return;
      }
      zt = zo;
      for(i=1; 2*i+zl<=ilen; ++i){
        *(zt++) = ' ';
      }
      strcpy(zt, zi);
      zt+=zll;
      for(; i+zl<=ilen; ++i){
        *(zt++) = ' ';
      }
      *zt = '\0';
    }
    sqlite3_result_text(context, zo, -1, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
    sqlite3_free(zo);
  }
}

/*
** given 2 string (s1,s2) returns the string s1 with the characters NOT in s2 removed
** assumes strings are UTF-8 encoded
*/
static void strfilterFunc(sqlite3_context *context, int argc, sqlite3_value **argv){
  const char *zi1;        /* first parameter string (searched string) */
  const char *zi2;        /* second parameter string (vcontains valid characters) */
  const char *z1;
  const char *z21;
  const char *z22;
  char *zo;               /* output string */
  char *zot;
  int c1 = 0;
  int c2 = 0;

  assert( argc==2 );
  
  if( sqlite3_value_type(argv[0]) == SQLITE_NULL || sqlite3_value_type(argv[1]) == SQLITE_NULL ){
    sqlite3_result_null(context); 
  }else{
    zi1 = (char *)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
    zi2 = (char *)sqlite3_value_text(argv[1]);
    /* 
    ** maybe I could allocate less, but that would imply 2 passes, rather waste 
    ** (possibly) some memory
    */
    zo = sqlite3_malloc(strlen(zi1)+1); 
    if (!zo){
      sqlite3_result_error_nomem(context);
      return;
    }
    zot = zo;
    z1 = zi1;
    while( (c1=sqliteCharVal((unsigned char *)z1))!=0 ){
      z21=zi2;
      while( (c2=sqliteCharVal((unsigned char *)z21))!=0 && c2!=c1 ){
        sqliteNextChar(z21);
      }
      if( c2!=0){
        z22=z21;
        sqliteNextChar(z22);
        strncpy(zot, z21, z22-z21);
        zot+=z22-z21;
      }
      sqliteNextChar(z1);
    }
    *zot = '\0';

    sqlite3_result_text(context, zo, -1, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
    sqlite3_free(zo);
  }
}

/*
** Given a string z1, retutns the (0 based) index of it's first occurence
** in z2 after the first s characters.
** Returns -1 when there isn't a match.
** updates p to point to the character where the match occured.
** This is an auxiliary function.
*/
static int _substr(const char* z1, const char* z2, int s, CollSeq *pColl, const char** p){
  int c = 0;
  int rVal=-1;
  const char* zt1;
  const char* zt2;
  int c1,c2;

  if( '\0'==*z1 ){
    return -1;
  }
  
  while( (sqliteCharVal((unsigned char *)z2) != 0) && (c++)<s){
    sqliteNextChar(z2);
  }
  
  c = 0;
  while( (sqliteCharVal((unsigned char *)z2)) != 0 ){
    zt1 = z1;
    zt2 = z2;

    do{
      c1 = sqliteCharVal((unsigned char *)zt1);
      c2 = sqliteCharVal((unsigned char *)zt2);
      if (pColl->enc == SQLITE_UTF8){
        if (pColl->xCmp(pColl->pUser, 1, zt1, 1, zt2) == 0) {
          c1 = c2;
        }
        else {
          c1 = (c1) ? 1 : 0;
          c2 = (c2) ? 2 : 0;
        }
      }
      // TODO:  Maybe try and convert the chars to UTF16 and run them thru the collating sequence?
      sqliteNextChar(zt1);
      sqliteNextChar(zt2);
    }while( c1 == c2 && c1 != 0 && c2 != 0 );

    if( c1 == 0 ){
      rVal = c;
      break; 
    }
    
    sqliteNextChar(z2);
    ++c;
  }
  if(p){
    *p=z2;
  }
  return rVal >=0 ? rVal+s : rVal;
}

/*
** given 2 input strings (s1,s2) and an integer (n) searches from the nth character
** for the string s1. Returns the position where the match occured.
** Characters are counted from 1.
** 0 is returned when no match occurs.
*/

static void charindexFunc(sqlite3_context *context, int argc, sqlite3_value **argv){
  const u8 *z1;          /* s1 string */
  u8 *z2;                /* s2 string */
  int s=0;
  int rVal=0;
  CollSeq *pColl = context->pColl;

  assert( argc==3 ||argc==2);

  if( SQLITE_NULL==sqlite3_value_type(argv[0]) || SQLITE_NULL==sqlite3_value_type(argv[1])){
    sqlite3_result_null(context);
    return;
  }

  z1 = sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
  if( z1==0 ) return;
  z2 = (u8*) sqlite3_value_text(argv[1]);
  if(argc==3){
    s = sqlite3_value_int(argv[2])-1;
    if(s<0){
      s=0;
    }
  }else{
    s = 0;
  }

  rVal = _substr((char *)z1,(char *)z2,s,pColl,NULL);
  sqlite3_result_int(context, rVal+1);
}

/*
** given a string (s) and an integer (n) returns the n leftmost (UTF-8) characters
** if the string has a length<=n or is NULL this function is NOP
*/
static void leftFunc(sqlite3_context *context, int argc, sqlite3_value **argv){
  int c=0;
  int cc=0;
  int l=0;
  const unsigned char *z;       /* input string */
  const unsigned char *zt;
  unsigned char *rz;            /* output string */

  assert( argc==2);

  if( SQLITE_NULL==sqlite3_value_type(argv[0]) || SQLITE_NULL==sqlite3_value_type(argv[1])){
    sqlite3_result_null(context);
    return;
  }

  z  = sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
  l  = sqlite3_value_int(argv[1]);
  zt = z;

  while( sqliteCharVal(zt) && c++<l)
    sqliteNextChar(zt);

  cc=zt-z;

  rz = sqlite3_malloc(zt-z+1);
  if (!rz){
    sqlite3_result_error_nomem(context);
    return;
  }
  strncpy((char*) rz, (char*) z, zt-z);
  *(rz+cc) = '\0';
  sqlite3_result_text(context, (char*)rz, -1, SQLITE_TRANSIENT); 
  sqlite3_free(rz);
}

/*
** given a string (s) and an integer (n) returns the n rightmost (UTF-8) characters
** if the string has a length<=n or is NULL this function is NOP
*/
static void rightFunc(sqlite3_context *context, int argc, sqlite3_value **argv){
  int l=0;
  int c=0;
  int cc=0;
  const char *z;
  const char *zt;
  const char *ze;
  char *rz;

  assert( argc==2);

  if( SQLITE_NULL == sqlite3_value_type(argv[0]) || SQLITE_NULL == sqlite3_value_type(argv[1])){
    sqlite3_result_null(context);
    return;
  }

  z  = (char *)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
  l  = sqlite3_value_int(argv[1]);
  zt = z;

  while( sqliteCharVal((unsigned char *)zt)!=0){
    sqliteNextChar(zt);
    ++c;
  }

  ze = zt;
  zt = z;

  cc=c-l;
  if(cc<0)
    cc=0;
  
  while( cc-- > 0 ){
    sqliteNextChar(zt);
  }

  rz = sqlite3_malloc(ze-zt+1);
  if (!rz){
    sqlite3_result_error_nomem(context);
    return;
  }
  strcpy((char*) rz, (char*) (zt));
  sqlite3_result_text(context, (char*)rz, -1, SQLITE_TRANSIENT); 
  sqlite3_free(rz);
}

#ifndef HAVE_TRIM
/*
** removes the whitespaces at the begining of a string.
*/
const char* ltrim(const char* s){
  while( *s==' ' )
    ++s;
  return s;
}

/*
** removes the whitespaces at the end of a string.
** !mutates the input string!
*/
void rtrim(char* s){
  char* ss = s+strlen(s)-1;
  while( ss>=s && *ss==' ' )
    --ss;
  *(ss+1)='\0';
}

/*
**  Removes the whitespace at the begining of a string
*/
static void ltrimFunc(sqlite3_context *context, int argc, sqlite3_value **argv){
  const char *z;

  assert( argc==1);

  if( SQLITE_NULL==sqlite3_value_type(argv[0]) ){
    sqlite3_result_null(context);
    return;
  }
  z = sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
  sqlite3_result_text(context, ltrim(z), -1, SQLITE_TRANSIENT); 
}

/*
**  Removes the whitespace at the end of a string
*/
static void rtrimFunc(sqlite3_context *context, int argc, sqlite3_value **argv){
  const char *z;
  char *rz;
  /* try not to change data in argv */

  assert( argc==1);

  if( SQLITE_NULL==sqlite3_value_type(argv[0]) ){
    sqlite3_result_null(context);
    return;
  }
  z = sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
  rz = sqlite3StrDup(z);
  rtrim(rz);
  sqlite3_result_text(context, rz, -1, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
  sqlite3_free(rz);
}

/*
**  Removes the whitespace at the begining and end of a string
*/
static void trimFunc(sqlite3_context *context, int argc, sqlite3_value **argv){
  const char *z;
  char *rz;
  /* try not to change data in argv */

  assert( argc==1);

  if( SQLITE_NULL==sqlite3_value_type(argv[0]) ){
    sqlite3_result_null(context);
    return;
  }
  z = sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
  rz = sqlite3StrDup(z);
  rtrim(rz);
  sqlite3_result_text(context, ltrim(rz), -1, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
  sqlite3_free(rz);
}
#endif

/*
** given a pointer to a string s1, the length of that string (l1), a new string (s2)
** and it's length (l2) appends s2 to s1.
** All lengths in bytes.
** This is just an auxiliary function
*/
// static void _append(char **s1, int l1, const char *s2, int l2){
//   *s1 = realloc(*s1, (l1+l2+1)*sizeof(char));
//   strncpy((*s1)+l1, s2, l2);
//   *(*(s1)+l1+l2) = '\0';
// }

#ifndef HAVE_TRIM

/*
** given strings s, s1 and s2 replaces occurrences of s1 in s by s2
*/
static void replaceFunc(sqlite3_context *context, int argc, sqlite3_value **argv){
  const char *z1;     /* string s (first parameter) */
  const char *z2;     /* string s1 (second parameter) string to look for */
  const char *z3;     /* string s2 (third parameter) string to replace occurrences of s1 with */
  int lz1;
  int lz2;
  int lz3;
  int lzo=0;
  char *zo=0;
  int ret=0;
  const char *zt1;
  const char *zt2;

  assert( 3==argc );

  if( SQLITE_NULL==sqlite3_value_type(argv[0]) ){
    sqlite3_result_null(context);
    return;
  }

  z1 = sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
  z2 = sqlite3_value_text(argv[1]);
  z3 = sqlite3_value_text(argv[2]);
  /* handle possible null values */
  if( 0==z2 ){
    z2="";
  }
  if( 0==z3 ){
    z3="";
  }

  lz1 = strlen(z1);
  lz2 = strlen(z2);
  lz3 = strlen(z3);

#if 0
  /* special case when z2 is empty (or null) nothing will be changed */
  if( 0==lz2 ){
    sqlite3_result_text(context, z1, -1, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
    return;
  }
#endif

  zt1=z1;
  zt2=z1;

  while(1){
    ret=_substr(z2,zt1 , 0, &zt2);

    if( ret<0 )
      break;

    _append(&zo, lzo, zt1, zt2-zt1);
    lzo+=zt2-zt1;
    _append(&zo, lzo, z3, lz3);
    lzo+=lz3;

    zt1=zt2+lz2;
  }
  _append(&zo, lzo, zt1, lz1-(zt1-z1));
  sqlite3_result_text(context, zo, -1, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
  sqlite3_free(zo);
}
#endif

/*
** given a string returns the same string but with the characters in reverse order
*/
static void reverseFunc(sqlite3_context *context, int argc, sqlite3_value **argv){
  const char *z;
  const char *zt;
  char *rz;
  char *rzt;
  int l = 0;
  int i = 0;

  assert( 1==argc );

  if( SQLITE_NULL==sqlite3_value_type(argv[0]) ){
    sqlite3_result_null(context);
    return;
  }
  z = (char *)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
  l = strlen(z);
  rz = sqlite3_malloc(l+1);
  if (!rz){
    sqlite3_result_error_nomem(context);
    return;
  }
  rzt = rz+l;
  *(rzt--) = '\0';

  zt=z;
  while( sqliteCharVal((unsigned char *)zt)!=0 ){
    z=zt;
    sqliteNextChar(zt);
    for(i=1; zt-i>=z; ++i){
      *(rzt--)=*(zt-i);
    }
  }

  sqlite3_result_text(context, rz, -1, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
  sqlite3_free(rz);
}

/*
** An instance of the following structure holds the context of a
** stdev() or variance() aggregate computation.
** implementaion of http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Algorithms_for_calculating_variance#Algorithm_II
** less prone to rounding errors
*/
typedef struct StdevCtx StdevCtx;
struct StdevCtx {
  double rM;
  double rS;
  i64 cnt;          /* number of elements */
};

/*
** An instance of the following structure holds the context of a
** mode() or median() aggregate computation.
** Depends on structures defined in map.c (see map & map)
** These aggregate functions only work for integers and floats although
** they could be made to work for strings. This is usually considered meaningless.
** Only usuall order (for median), no use of collation functions (would this even make sense?)
*/
typedef struct ModeCtx ModeCtx;
struct ModeCtx {
  i64 riM;            /* integer value found so far */
  double rdM;         /* double value found so far */
  i64 cnt;            /* number of elements so far */
  double pcnt;        /* number of elements smaller than a percentile */
  i64 mcnt;           /* maximum number of occurrences (for mode) */
  i64 mn;             /* number of occurrences (for mode and percentiles) */
  i64 is_double;      /* whether the computation is being done for doubles (>0) or integers (=0) */
  map* m;             /* map structure used for the computation */
  int done;           /* whether the answer has been found */
};

/*
** called for each value received during a calculation of stdev or variance
*/
static void varianceStep(sqlite3_context *context, int argc, sqlite3_value **argv){
  StdevCtx *p;

  double delta;
  double x;

  assert( argc==1 );
  p = sqlite3_aggregate_context(context, sizeof(*p));
  /* only consider non-null values */
  if( SQLITE_NULL != sqlite3_value_numeric_type(argv[0]) ){
    p->cnt++;
    x = sqlite3_value_double(argv[0]);
    delta = (x-p->rM);
    p->rM += delta/p->cnt;
    p->rS += delta*(x-p->rM);
  }
}

/*
** called for each value received during a calculation of mode of median
*/
static void modeStep(sqlite3_context *context, int argc, sqlite3_value **argv){
  ModeCtx *p;
  i64 xi=0;
  double xd=0.0;
  i64 *iptr;
  double *dptr;
  int type;

  assert( argc==1 );
  type = sqlite3_value_numeric_type(argv[0]);

  if( type == SQLITE_NULL)
    return;
  
  p = sqlite3_aggregate_context(context, sizeof(*p));

  if( 0==(p->m) ){
    p->m = calloc(1, sizeof(map));
    if( type==SQLITE_INTEGER ){
      /* map will be used for integers */
      *(p->m) = map_make(int_cmp);
      p->is_double = 0;
    }else{
      p->is_double = 1;
      /* map will be used for doubles */
      *(p->m) = map_make(double_cmp);
    }
  }

  ++(p->cnt);

  if( 0==p->is_double ){
    xi = sqlite3_value_int64(argv[0]);
    iptr = (i64*)calloc(1,sizeof(i64));
    *iptr = xi;
    map_insert(p->m, iptr);
  }else{
    xd = sqlite3_value_double(argv[0]);
    dptr = (double*)calloc(1,sizeof(double));
    *dptr = xd;
    map_insert(p->m, dptr);
  }
}

/*
**  Auxiliary function that iterates all elements in a map and finds the mode
**  (most frequent value)
*/
static void modeIterate(void* e, i64 c, void* pp){
  i64 ei;
  double ed;
  ModeCtx *p = (ModeCtx*)pp;
  
  if( 0==p->is_double ){
    ei = *(int*)(e);

	if( p->mcnt==c ){
      ++p->mn;
    }else if( p->mcnt<c ){
      p->riM = ei;
      p->mcnt = c;
	  p->mn=1;
    }
  }else{
    ed = *(double*)(e);

	if( p->mcnt==c ){
      ++p->mn;
    }else if(p->mcnt<c){
      p->rdM = ed;
      p->mcnt = c;
	  p->mn=1;
    }
  }
}

/*
**  Auxiliary function that iterates all elements in a map and finds the median
**  (the value such that the number of elements smaller is equal the the number of 
**  elements larger)
*/
static void medianIterate(void* e, i64 c, void* pp){
  i64 ei;
  double ed;
  double iL;
  double iR;
  int il;
  int ir;
  ModeCtx *p = (ModeCtx*)pp;

  if(p->done>0)
    return;

  iL = p->pcnt;
  iR = p->cnt - p->pcnt;
  il = p->mcnt + c;
  ir = p->cnt - p->mcnt;

  if( il >= iL ){
    if( ir >= iR ){
    ++p->mn;
      if( 0==p->is_double ){
        ei = *(int*)(e);
        p->riM += ei;
      }else{
        ed = *(double*)(e);
        p->rdM += ed;
      }
    }else{
      p->done=1;
    }
  }
  p->mcnt+=c;
}

/*
** Returns the mode value
*/
static void modeFinalize(sqlite3_context *context){
  ModeCtx *p;
  p = sqlite3_aggregate_context(context, 0);
  if( p && p->m ){
    map_iterate(p->m, modeIterate, p);
    map_destroy(p->m);
    free(p->m);

    if( 1==p->mn ){
      if( 0==p->is_double )
        sqlite3_result_int64(context, p->riM);
      else
        sqlite3_result_double(context, p->rdM);
    }
  }
}

/*
** auxiliary function for percentiles
*/
static void _medianFinalize(sqlite3_context *context){
  ModeCtx *p;
  p = (ModeCtx*) sqlite3_aggregate_context(context, 0);
  if( p && p->m ){
    p->done=0;
    map_iterate(p->m, medianIterate, p);
    map_destroy(p->m);
    free(p->m);

    if( 0==p->is_double )
      if( 1==p->mn )
      	sqlite3_result_int64(context, p->riM);
      else
      	sqlite3_result_double(context, p->riM*1.0/p->mn);
    else
      sqlite3_result_double(context, p->rdM/p->mn);
  }
}

/*
** Returns the median value
*/
static void medianFinalize(sqlite3_context *context){
  ModeCtx *p;
  p = (ModeCtx*) sqlite3_aggregate_context(context, 0);
  if( p!=0 ){
    p->pcnt = (p->cnt)/2.0;
    _medianFinalize(context);
  }
}

/*
** Returns the lower_quartile value
*/
static void lower_quartileFinalize(sqlite3_context *context){
  ModeCtx *p;
  p = (ModeCtx*) sqlite3_aggregate_context(context, 0);
  if( p!=0 ){
    p->pcnt = (p->cnt)/4.0;
    _medianFinalize(context);
  }
}

/*
** Returns the upper_quartile value
*/
static void upper_quartileFinalize(sqlite3_context *context){
  ModeCtx *p;
  p = (ModeCtx*) sqlite3_aggregate_context(context, 0);
  if( p!=0 ){
    p->pcnt = (p->cnt)*3/4.0;
    _medianFinalize(context);
  }
}

/*
** Returns the stdev value
*/
static void stdevFinalize(sqlite3_context *context){
  StdevCtx *p;
  p = sqlite3_aggregate_context(context, 0);
  if( p && p->cnt>1 ){
    sqlite3_result_double(context, sqrt(p->rS/(p->cnt-1)));
  }else{
    sqlite3_result_double(context, 0.0);
  }
}

/*
** Returns the variance value
*/
static void varianceFinalize(sqlite3_context *context){
  StdevCtx *p;
  p = sqlite3_aggregate_context(context, 0);
  if( p && p->cnt>1 ){
    sqlite3_result_double(context, p->rS/(p->cnt-1));
  }else{
    sqlite3_result_double(context, 0.0);
  }
}

#ifdef SQLITE_SOUNDEX

/* relicoder factored code */
/*
** Calculates the soundex value of a string
*/

static void soundex(const u8 *zIn, char *zResult){
  int i, j;
  static const unsigned char iCode[] = {
    0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
    0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
    0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
    0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
    0, 0, 1, 2, 3, 0, 1, 2, 0, 0, 2, 2, 4, 5, 5, 0,
    1, 2, 6, 2, 3, 0, 1, 0, 2, 0, 2, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
    0, 0, 1, 2, 3, 0, 1, 2, 0, 0, 2, 2, 4, 5, 5, 0,
    1, 2, 6, 2, 3, 0, 1, 0, 2, 0, 2, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
  };

  for(i=0; zIn[i] && !isalpha(zIn[i]); i++){}
  if( zIn[i] ){
    zResult[0] = toupper(zIn[i]);
    for(j=1; j<4 && zIn[i]; i++){
      int code = iCode[zIn[i]&0x7f];
      if( code>0 ){
        zResult[j++] = code + '0';
      }
    }
    while( j<4 ){
      zResult[j++] = '0';
    }
    zResult[j] = 0;
  }else{
    strcpy(zResult, "?000");
  }
}

/*
** computes the number of different characters between the soundex value fo 2 strings
*/
static void differenceFunc(sqlite3_context *context, int argc, sqlite3_value **argv){
  char zResult1[8];
  char zResult2[8];
  char *zR1 = zResult1;
  char *zR2 = zResult2;
  int rVal = 0;
  int i = 0;
  const u8 *zIn1;
  const u8 *zIn2;

  assert( argc==2 );
  
  if( sqlite3_value_type(argv[0])==SQLITE_NULL || sqlite3_value_type(argv[1])==SQLITE_NULL ){
    sqlite3_result_null(context);
    return;
  }
  
  zIn1 = (u8*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
  zIn2 = (u8*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[1]);

  soundex(zIn1, zR1);
  soundex(zIn2, zR2);

  for(i=0; i<4; ++i){
    if( sqliteCharVal((unsigned char *)zR1)==sqliteCharVal((unsigned char *)zR2) )
      ++rVal;
    sqliteNextChar(zR1);
    sqliteNextChar(zR2);
  }
  sqlite3_result_int(context, rVal);
}
#endif

static void lastRowsFunc(sqlite3_context *context, int argc, sqlite3_value **argv){
  sqlite3 *db = sqlite3_context_db_handle(context);
  sqlite3_result_int64(context, sqlite3_changes(db));
}

/*
** This function registered all of the above C functions as SQL
** functions.  This should be the only routine in this file with
** external linkage.
*/
int RegisterExtensionFunctions(sqlite3 *db){
  static const struct FuncDefs {
     char *zName;
     signed char nArg;
     u8 argType;           /* 0: none.  1: db  2: (-1) */
     u8 eTextRep;          /* 1: UTF-16.  0: UTF-8 */
     u8 needCollSeq;
     void (*xFunc)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value **);
  } aFuncs[] = {
    /* math.h */
    { "acos",               1, 0, SQLITE_UTF8,    0, acosFunc  },
    { "asin",               1, 0, SQLITE_UTF8,    0, asinFunc  },
    { "atan",               1, 0, SQLITE_UTF8,    0, atanFunc  },
    { "atn2",               2, 0, SQLITE_UTF8,    0, atn2Func  },
    /* XXX alias */
    { "atan2",              2, 0, SQLITE_UTF8,    0, atn2Func  },
    { "acosh",              1, 0, SQLITE_UTF8,    0, acoshFunc  },
    { "asinh",              1, 0, SQLITE_UTF8,    0, asinhFunc  },
    { "atanh",              1, 0, SQLITE_UTF8,    0, atanhFunc  },

    { "difference",         2, 0, SQLITE_UTF8,    0, differenceFunc},
    { "degrees",            1, 0, SQLITE_UTF8,    0, rad2degFunc  },
    { "radians",            1, 0, SQLITE_UTF8,    0, deg2radFunc  },

    { "cos",                1, 0, SQLITE_UTF8,    0, cosFunc  },
    { "sin",                1, 0, SQLITE_UTF8,    0, sinFunc },
    { "tan",                1, 0, SQLITE_UTF8,    0, tanFunc },
    { "cot",                1, 0, SQLITE_UTF8,    0, cotFunc },
    { "cosh",               1, 0, SQLITE_UTF8,    0, coshFunc  },
    { "sinh",               1, 0, SQLITE_UTF8,    0, sinhFunc },
    { "tanh",               1, 0, SQLITE_UTF8,    0, tanhFunc },
    { "coth",               1, 0, SQLITE_UTF8,    0, cothFunc },

    { "exp",                1, 0, SQLITE_UTF8,    0, expFunc  },
    { "log",                1, 0, SQLITE_UTF8,    0, logFunc  },
    { "log10",              1, 0, SQLITE_UTF8,    0, log10Func  },
    { "power",              2, 0, SQLITE_UTF8,    0, powerFunc  },
    { "sign",               1, 0, SQLITE_UTF8,    0, signFunc },
    { "sqrt",               1, 0, SQLITE_UTF8,    0, sqrtFunc },
    { "square",             1, 0, SQLITE_UTF8,    0, squareFunc },

    { "ceil",               1, 0, SQLITE_UTF8,    0, ceilFunc },
    { "ceiling",            1, 0, SQLITE_UTF8,    0, ceilFunc },
    { "floor",              1, 0, SQLITE_UTF8,    0, floorFunc },

    { "pi",                 0, 0, SQLITE_UTF8,    0, piFunc },
    { "last_rows_affected", 0, 0, SQLITE_UTF8,    0, lastRowsFunc },

    /* string */
    { "replicate",          2, 0, SQLITE_UTF8,    0, replicateFunc },
    { "charindex",          2, 0, SQLITE_UTF8,    1, charindexFunc },
    { "charindex",          3, 0, SQLITE_UTF8,    1, charindexFunc },
    { "leftstr",            2, 0, SQLITE_UTF8,    0, leftFunc },
    { "rightstr",           2, 0, SQLITE_UTF8,    0, rightFunc },
#ifndef HAVE_TRIM
    { "ltrim",              1, 0, SQLITE_UTF8,    0, ltrimFunc },
    { "rtrim",              1, 0, SQLITE_UTF8,    0, rtrimFunc },
    { "trim",               1, 0, SQLITE_UTF8,    0, trimFunc },
    { "replace",            3, 0, SQLITE_UTF8,    0, replaceFunc },
#endif
    { "reverse",            1, 0, SQLITE_UTF8,    0, reverseFunc },
    { "proper",             1, 0, SQLITE_UTF8,    0, properFunc },
    { "padl",               2, 0, SQLITE_UTF8,    0, padlFunc },
    { "padr",               2, 0, SQLITE_UTF8,    0, padrFunc },
    { "padc",               2, 0, SQLITE_UTF8,    0, padcFunc },
    { "strfilter",          2, 0, SQLITE_UTF8,    0, strfilterFunc },

  };
  /* Aggregate functions */
  static const struct FuncDefAgg {
    char *zName;
    signed char nArg;
    u8 argType;
    u8 needCollSeq;
    void (*xStep)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**);
    void (*xFinalize)(sqlite3_context*);
  } aAggs[] = {
    { "stdev",            1, 0, 0, varianceStep, stdevFinalize  },
    { "variance",         1, 0, 0, varianceStep, varianceFinalize  },
    { "mode",             1, 0, 0, modeStep,     modeFinalize  },
    { "median",           1, 0, 0, modeStep,     medianFinalize  },
    { "lower_quartile",   1, 0, 0, modeStep,     lower_quartileFinalize  },
    { "upper_quartile",   1, 0, 0, modeStep,     upper_quartileFinalize  },
  };
  int i;

  for(i=0; i<sizeof(aFuncs)/sizeof(aFuncs[0]); i++){
    void *pArg = 0;
    switch( aFuncs[i].argType ){
      case 1: pArg = db; break;
      case 2: pArg = (void *)(-1); break;
    }
    //sqlite3CreateFunc
    /* LMH no error checking */
    sqlite3_create_function(db, aFuncs[i].zName, aFuncs[i].nArg,
        aFuncs[i].eTextRep, pArg, aFuncs[i].xFunc, 0, 0);
#if 1
    if( aFuncs[i].needCollSeq ){
      struct FuncDef *pFunc = sqlite3FindFunction(db, aFuncs[i].zName, 
          strlen(aFuncs[i].zName), aFuncs[i].nArg, aFuncs[i].eTextRep, 0);
      if( pFunc && aFuncs[i].needCollSeq ){
        pFunc->needCollSeq = 1;
      }
    }
#endif
  }

  for(i=0; i<sizeof(aAggs)/sizeof(aAggs[0]); i++){
    void *pArg = 0;
    switch( aAggs[i].argType ){
      case 1: pArg = db; break;
      case 2: pArg = (void *)(-1); break;
    }
    //sqlite3CreateFunc
    /* LMH no error checking */
    sqlite3_create_function(db, aAggs[i].zName, aAggs[i].nArg, SQLITE_UTF8, 
        pArg, 0, aAggs[i].xStep, aAggs[i].xFinalize);
#if 0
    if( aAggs[i].needCollSeq ){
      struct FuncDefAgg *pFunc = sqlite3FindFunction( db, aAggs[i].zName,
          strlen(aAggs[i].zName), aAggs[i].nArg, SQLITE_UTF8, 0);
      if( pFunc && aAggs[i].needCollSeq ){
        pFunc->needCollSeq = 1;
      }
    }
#endif
  }
  return 0;
}

#ifdef COMPILE_SQLITE_EXTENSIONS_AS_LOADABLE_MODULE
int sqlite3_extension_init(
    sqlite3 *db, char **pzErrMsg, const sqlite3_api_routines *pApi){
  SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT2(pApi);
  RegisterExtensionFunctions(db);
  return 0;
}
#endif /* COMPILE_SQLITE_EXTENSIONS_AS_LOADABLE_MODULE */

map map_make(cmp_func cmp){
  map r;
  r.cmp=cmp;
  r.base = 0;

  return r;
}

void* xcalloc(size_t nmemb, size_t size, char* s){
  void* ret = calloc(nmemb, size);
  return ret;
}

void xfree(void* p){
  free(p);
}

void node_insert(node** n, cmp_func cmp, void *e){
  int c;
  node* nn;
  if(*n==0){
    nn = (node*)xcalloc(1,sizeof(node), "for node");
    nn->data = e;
    nn->count = 1;
    *n=nn;
  }else{
    c=cmp((*n)->data,e);
    if(0==c){
      ++((*n)->count);
      xfree(e);
    }else if(c>0){
      /* put it right here */
      node_insert(&((*n)->l), cmp, e);
    }else{
      node_insert(&((*n)->r), cmp, e);
    }
  }
}

void map_insert(map *m, void *e){
  node_insert(&(m->base), m->cmp, e);
}

void node_iterate(node *n, map_iterator iter, void* p){
  if(n){
    if(n->l)
      node_iterate(n->l, iter, p);
    iter(n->data, n->count, p);
    if(n->r)
      node_iterate(n->r, iter, p);
  }
}

void map_iterate(map *m, map_iterator iter, void* p){
  node_iterate(m->base, iter, p);
}

void node_destroy(node *n){
  if(0!=n){
    xfree(n->data);
    if(n->l)
      node_destroy(n->l);
    if(n->r)
      node_destroy(n->r);

    xfree(n);
  }
}

void map_destroy(map *m){
  node_destroy(m->base);
}

int int_cmp(const void *a, const void *b){
  int64_t aa = *(int64_t *)(a);
  int64_t bb = *(int64_t *)(b);
  /* printf("cmp %d <=> %d\n",aa,bb); */
  if(aa==bb)
    return 0;
  else if(aa<bb)
    return -1;
  else
    return 1;
}

int double_cmp(const void *a, const void *b){
  double aa = *(double *)(a);
  double bb = *(double *)(b);
  /* printf("cmp %d <=> %d\n",aa,bb); */
  if(aa==bb)
    return 0;
  else if(aa<bb)
    return -1;
  else
    return 1;
}

void print_elem(void *e, int64_t c, void* p){
  int ee = *(int*)(e);
  printf("%d => %lld\n", ee,c);
}

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#include "src/sqlite3.c"







#include "crypt.c"
#include <tchar.h>

#if NDEBUG

#if _WIN32_WCE
#include "merge.h"
#else
#include "merge_full.h"
#endif // _WIN32_WCE
#endif // NDEBUG



#ifdef SQLITE_OS_WIN

// Additional flag for sqlite3.flags, we use it as a reference counter
#define SQLITE_WantClose 0x10000000

typedef void (WINAPI *SQLITEUSERFUNC)(void *, int, void **);
typedef int  (WINAPI *SQLITECOLLATION)(int, const void *, int, const void*);

typedef void (WINAPI *SQLITEUPDATEHOOK)(int, const char *, int, const char *, int, sqlite_int64);
typedef int  (WINAPI *SQLITECOMMITHOOK)();
typedef void (WINAPI *SQLITEROLLBACKHOOK)();

typedef HANDLE (WINAPI *CREATEFILEW)(
    LPCWSTR,
    DWORD,
    DWORD,
    LPSECURITY_ATTRIBUTES,
    DWORD,
    DWORD,
    HANDLE);

// Callback wrappers
int sqlite3_interop_collationfunc(void *pv, int len1, const void *pv1, int len2, const void *pv2)
{
  SQLITECOLLATION *p = (SQLITECOLLATION *)pv;
  return p[0](len1, pv1, len2, pv2);
}

void sqlite3_interop_func(sqlite3_context *pctx, int n, sqlite3_value **pv)
{
  SQLITEUSERFUNC *pf = (SQLITEUSERFUNC *)sqlite3_user_data(pctx);
  pf[0](pctx, n, (void **)pv);
}

void sqlite3_interop_step(sqlite3_context *pctx, int n, sqlite3_value **pv)
{
  SQLITEUSERFUNC *pf = (SQLITEUSERFUNC *)sqlite3_user_data(pctx);
  pf[1](pctx, n, (void **)pv);
}

void sqlite3_interop_final(sqlite3_context *pctx)
{
  SQLITEUSERFUNC *pf = (SQLITEUSERFUNC *)sqlite3_user_data(pctx);
  pf[2](pctx, 0, 0);
}

__declspec(dllexport) void WINAPI sqlite3_sleep_interop(int milliseconds)
{
  Sleep(milliseconds);
}

static CRITICAL_SECTION g_cs;
static LONG g_dwcsInit = 0;

//void InitializeDbMutex(sqlite3 *pdb)
//{
//  //pdb->pTraceArg = (CRITICAL_SECTION *)sqlite3_malloc(sizeof(CRITICAL_SECTION));
//  //InitializeCriticalSection(pdb->pTraceArg);
//}
//
void EnterGlobalMutex()
{
  if (InterlockedCompareExchange(&g_dwcsInit, 1, 0) == 0)
    InitializeCriticalSection(&g_cs);

  EnterCriticalSection(&g_cs);
}

void LeaveGlobalMutex()
{
  LeaveCriticalSection(&g_cs);
}
//
//int sqlite3_closeAndFreeMutex(sqlite3 *db)
//{
//  //CRITICAL_SECTION *pcrit = db->pTraceArg;
//  int ret;
//  //EnterDbMutex(db);
//
//  ret = sqlite3_close(db);
//  //if (ret == SQLITE_OK)
//  //{
//  //  if (pcrit)
//  //  {
//  //    LeaveCriticalSection(pcrit);
//  //    DeleteCriticalSection(pcrit);
//  //    sqlite3_free(pcrit);
//  //  }
//  //}
//  //else
//  //  LeaveDbMutex(db);
//
//  return ret;
//}

int SetCompression(const wchar_t *pwszFilename, unsigned short ufLevel)
{
#ifdef FSCTL_SET_COMPRESSION
  HMODULE hMod = GetModuleHandle(_T("KERNEL32"));
  CREATEFILEW pfunc;
  HANDLE hFile;
................................................................................
}

__declspec(dllexport) int WINAPI sqlite3_decompressfile(const wchar_t *pwszFilename)
{
  return SetCompression(pwszFilename, COMPRESSION_FORMAT_NONE);
}

__declspec(dllexport) void WINAPI sqlite3_function_free_callbackcookie(void *pCookie)
{
  if (pCookie)
    free(pCookie);
}

// sqlite3 wrappers
__declspec(dllexport) const char * WINAPI sqlite3_libversion_interop(int *plen)
{
  const char *val = sqlite3_libversion();
  *plen = (val != 0) ? strlen(val) : 0;

  return val;
}

__declspec(dllexport) int WINAPI sqlite3_libversion_number_interop(void)
{
  return sqlite3_libversion_number();
}

/*
    The goal of this version of close is different than that of sqlite3_close(), and is designed to lend itself better to .NET's non-deterministic finalizers and
    the GC thread.  SQLite will not close a database if statements are open on it -- but for our purposes, we'd rather finalize all active statements
    and forcibly close the database.  The reason is simple -- a lot of people don't Dispose() of their objects correctly and let the garbage collector
    do it.  This leads to unexpected behavior when a user thinks they've closed a database, but it's still open because not all the statements have
    hit the GC yet.

................................................................................
  }

  LeaveGlobalMutex();

  return ret;
}

// Returns the number of databases attached to this one
__declspec(dllexport) void WINAPI sqlite3_detach_all_interop(sqlite3 *db)
{



}


__declspec(dllexport) int WINAPI sqlite3_exec_interop(sqlite3 *db, const char *sql, sqlite3_callback cb, void *pv, char **errmsg, int *plen)
{ 
  int n;


  n = sqlite3_exec(db, sql, cb, pv, errmsg);
  *plen = (*errmsg != 0) ? strlen(*errmsg) : 0;

  return n;

}

__declspec(dllexport) sqlite_int64 WINAPI sqlite3_last_insert_rowid_interop(sqlite3 *db)
{
  return sqlite3_last_insert_rowid(db);
}

__declspec(dllexport) int WINAPI sqlite3_changes_interop(sqlite3 *db)
{
  return sqlite3_changes(db);
}


__declspec(dllexport) int WINAPI sqlite3_total_changes_interop(sqlite3 *db)
{
  return sqlite3_total_changes(db);

}

__declspec(dllexport) void WINAPI sqlite3_interrupt_interop(sqlite3 *db)
{
  sqlite3_interrupt(db);
}

__declspec(dllexport) int WINAPI sqlite3_complete_interop(const char *sql)
{
  return sqlite3_complete(sql);
}

__declspec(dllexport) int WINAPI sqlite3_complete16_interop(const void *sql)
{
  return sqlite3_complete16(sql);
}

__declspec(dllexport) int WINAPI sqlite3_busy_handler_interop(sqlite3 *db, int(*cb)(void *, int), void *pv)
{
  return sqlite3_busy_handler(db, cb, pv);
}

__declspec(dllexport) int WINAPI sqlite3_busy_timeout_interop(sqlite3 *db, int ms)
{
  return sqlite3_busy_timeout(db, ms);
}

__declspec(dllexport) int WINAPI sqlite3_get_table_interop(sqlite3 *db, const char *sql, char ***resultp, int *nrow, int *ncolumn, char **errmsg, int *plen)
{
  int n = sqlite3_get_table(db, sql, resultp, nrow, ncolumn, errmsg);
  *plen = (*errmsg != 0) ? strlen((char *)*errmsg) : 0;
  return n;
}

__declspec(dllexport) void WINAPI sqlite3_free_table_interop(char **result)
{
  sqlite3_free_table(result);
}

__declspec(dllexport) void WINAPI sqlite3_free_interop(char *z)
{
  sqlite3_free(z);
}

__declspec(dllexport) int WINAPI sqlite3_open_interop(const char*filename, sqlite3 **ppdb)
{
  int ret = sqlite3_open(filename, ppdb);
  if (!ret) sqlite3_enable_load_extension(*ppdb, 1);
  return ret;
}

__declspec(dllexport) int WINAPI sqlite3_open16_interop(const void *filename, sqlite3 **ppdb)
{
  int ret = sqlite3_open16(filename, ppdb);
  if (!ret) sqlite3_enable_load_extension(*ppdb, 1);
  return ret;
}

__declspec(dllexport) int WINAPI sqlite3_errcode_interop(sqlite3 *db)
{
  return sqlite3_errcode(db);
}

__declspec(dllexport) const char * WINAPI sqlite3_errmsg_interop(sqlite3 *db, int *plen)
{
  const char *pval = sqlite3_errmsg(db);
  *plen = (pval != 0) ? strlen(pval) : 0;
  return pval;
}

__declspec(dllexport) const char * WINAPI sqlite3_errmsg_stmt_interop(sqlite3_stmt *stmt, int *plen)
{
  Vdbe *p = (Vdbe *)stmt;

  return sqlite3_errmsg_interop(p->db, plen);
}

__declspec(dllexport) int WINAPI sqlite3_prepare_interop(sqlite3 *db, const char *sql, int nbytes, sqlite3_stmt **ppstmt, const char **pztail, int *plen)
{
  int n;

  n = sqlite3_prepare(db, sql, nbytes, ppstmt, pztail);
  *plen = (*pztail != 0) ? strlen(*pztail) : 0;

................................................................................

  n = sqlite3_prepare16(db, sql, nchars * sizeof(wchar_t), ppstmt, pztail);
  *plen = (*pztail != 0) ? wcslen((wchar_t *)*pztail) * sizeof(wchar_t) : 0;

  return n;
}

__declspec(dllexport) int WINAPI sqlite3_bind_blob_interop(sqlite3_stmt *stmt, int iCol, const void *pv, int n, void(*cb)(void*))
{
  return sqlite3_bind_blob(stmt, iCol, pv, n, cb);
}

__declspec(dllexport) int WINAPI sqlite3_bind_double_interop(sqlite3_stmt *stmt, int iCol, double *val)
{
	return sqlite3_bind_double(stmt,iCol,*val);
}

__declspec(dllexport) int WINAPI sqlite3_bind_int_interop(sqlite3_stmt *stmt, int iCol, int val)
{
  return sqlite3_bind_int(stmt, iCol, val);
}

__declspec(dllexport) int WINAPI sqlite3_bind_int64_interop(sqlite3_stmt *stmt, int iCol, sqlite_int64 *val)
{
	return sqlite3_bind_int64(stmt,iCol,*val);
}

__declspec(dllexport) int WINAPI sqlite3_bind_null_interop(sqlite3_stmt *stmt, int iCol)
{
  return sqlite3_bind_null(stmt, iCol);
}

__declspec(dllexport) int WINAPI sqlite3_bind_text_interop(sqlite3_stmt *stmt, int iCol, const char *val, int n, void(*cb)(void *))
{
  return sqlite3_bind_text(stmt, iCol, val, n, cb);
}

__declspec(dllexport) int WINAPI sqlite3_bind_text16_interop(sqlite3_stmt *stmt, int iCol, const void *val, int n, void(*cb)(void *))
{
  return sqlite3_bind_text16(stmt, iCol, val, n, cb);
}

__declspec(dllexport) int WINAPI sqlite3_bind_parameter_count_interop(sqlite3_stmt *stmt)
{
  return sqlite3_bind_parameter_count(stmt);
}

__declspec(dllexport) const char * WINAPI sqlite3_bind_parameter_name_interop(sqlite3_stmt *stmt, int iCol, int *plen)
{
  const char *pval = sqlite3_bind_parameter_name(stmt, iCol);
  *plen = (pval != 0) ? strlen(pval) : 0;
  return pval;
}

__declspec(dllexport) int WINAPI sqlite3_bind_parameter_index_interop(sqlite3_stmt *stmt, const char *zName)
{
  return sqlite3_bind_parameter_index(stmt, zName);
}

__declspec(dllexport) int WINAPI sqlite3_column_count_interop(sqlite3_stmt *stmt)
{
  return sqlite3_column_count(stmt);
}

__declspec(dllexport) const char * WINAPI sqlite3_column_name_interop(sqlite3_stmt *stmt, int iCol, int *plen)
{
  const char *pval = sqlite3_column_name(stmt, iCol);
  *plen = (pval != 0) ? strlen(pval) : 0;
  return pval;
}

................................................................................
__declspec(dllexport) const void * WINAPI sqlite3_column_decltype16_interop(sqlite3_stmt *stmt, int iCol, int *plen)
{
  const void *pval = sqlite3_column_decltype16(stmt, iCol);
  *plen = (pval != 0) ? wcslen((wchar_t *)pval) * sizeof(wchar_t) : 0;
  return pval;
}

__declspec(dllexport) int WINAPI sqlite3_step_interop(sqlite3_stmt *stmt)
{
  int ret;

  if (((Vdbe *)stmt)->magic == VDBE_MAGIC_DEAD) return SQLITE_ERROR;
  ret = sqlite3_step(stmt);

  return ret;
}

__declspec(dllexport) int WINAPI sqlite3_data_count_interop(sqlite3_stmt *stmt)
{
  return sqlite3_data_count(stmt);
}

__declspec(dllexport) const void * WINAPI sqlite3_column_blob_interop(sqlite3_stmt *stmt, int iCol)
{
  return sqlite3_column_blob(stmt, iCol);
}

__declspec(dllexport) int WINAPI sqlite3_column_bytes_interop(sqlite3_stmt *stmt, int iCol)
{
  return sqlite3_column_bytes(stmt, iCol);
}

__declspec(dllexport) int WINAPI sqlite3_column_bytes16_interop(sqlite3_stmt *stmt, int iCol)
{
  return sqlite3_column_bytes16(stmt, iCol);
}

__declspec(dllexport) void WINAPI sqlite3_column_double_interop(sqlite3_stmt *stmt, int iCol, double *val)
{
	*val = sqlite3_column_double(stmt,iCol);
}

__declspec(dllexport) int WINAPI sqlite3_column_int_interop(sqlite3_stmt *stmt, int iCol)
{
  return sqlite3_column_int(stmt, iCol);
}

__declspec(dllexport) void WINAPI sqlite3_column_int64_interop(sqlite3_stmt *stmt, int iCol, sqlite_int64 *val)
{
	*val = sqlite3_column_int64(stmt,iCol);
}

__declspec(dllexport) const unsigned char * WINAPI sqlite3_column_text_interop(sqlite3_stmt *stmt, int iCol, int *plen)
{
................................................................................
__declspec(dllexport) const void * WINAPI sqlite3_column_text16_interop(sqlite3_stmt *stmt, int iCol, int *plen)
{
  const void *pval = sqlite3_column_text16(stmt, iCol);
  *plen = (pval != 0) ? wcslen((wchar_t *)pval) * sizeof(wchar_t): 0;
  return pval;
}

__declspec(dllexport) int WINAPI sqlite3_column_type_interop(sqlite3_stmt *stmt, int iCol)
{
  return sqlite3_column_type(stmt, iCol);
}

__declspec(dllexport) int WINAPI sqlite3_finalize_interop(sqlite3_stmt *stmt)
{
  // Try and finalize a statement, and close the database it belonged to if the database was marked for closing
  Vdbe *p;
  sqlite3 *db;
  int ret;

................................................................................
  int ret;

  if (((Vdbe *)stmt)->magic == VDBE_MAGIC_DEAD) return SQLITE_SCHEMA;
  ret = sqlite3_reset(stmt);
  return ret;
}

__declspec(dllexport) int WINAPI sqlite3_create_function_interop(sqlite3 *psql, const char *zFunctionName, int nArg, int eTextRep, SQLITEUSERFUNC func, SQLITEUSERFUNC funcstep, SQLITEUSERFUNC funcfinal, void **ppCookie)
{
  int n;
  SQLITEUSERFUNC *p = (SQLITEUSERFUNC *)malloc(sizeof(SQLITEUSERFUNC) * 3);


  p[0] = func;
  p[1] = funcstep;
  p[2] = funcfinal;

  *ppCookie = 0;

  n = sqlite3_create_function(psql, zFunctionName, nArg, eTextRep, p, (func != 0) ? sqlite3_interop_func : 0, (funcstep != 0) ? sqlite3_interop_step : 0, (funcfinal != 0) ? sqlite3_interop_final : 0);
  if (n != 0)
    free(p);
  else
    *ppCookie = p;

  return n;
}

__declspec(dllexport) int WINAPI sqlite3_create_function16_interop(sqlite3 *psql, void *zFunctionName, int nArg, int eTextRep, SQLITEUSERFUNC func, SQLITEUSERFUNC funcstep, SQLITEUSERFUNC funcfinal, void **ppCookie)
{
  int n;
  SQLITEUSERFUNC *p = (SQLITEUSERFUNC *)malloc(sizeof(SQLITEUSERFUNC) * 3);

  p[0] = func;
  p[1] = funcstep;
  p[2] = funcfinal;

  *ppCookie = 0;

  n = sqlite3_create_function16(psql, zFunctionName, nArg, eTextRep, p, (func != 0) ? sqlite3_interop_func : 0, (funcstep != 0) ? sqlite3_interop_step : 0, (funcfinal != 0) ? sqlite3_interop_final : 0);
  if (n != 0)
    free(p);
  else
    *ppCookie = p;

  return n;
}



__declspec(dllexport) int WINAPI sqlite3_create_collation_interop(sqlite3* db, const char *zName, int eTextRep, void* pvUser, SQLITECOLLATION func, void **ppCookie)
{
  int n;
  SQLITECOLLATION *p = (SQLITECOLLATION *)malloc(sizeof(SQLITECOLLATION));

  
  p[0] = func;

  *ppCookie = 0;

  n = sqlite3_create_collation(db, zName, eTextRep, p, sqlite3_interop_collationfunc);
  if (n != 0)
    free(p);
  else
    *ppCookie = p;

  return n;
}

__declspec(dllexport) int WINAPI sqlite3_create_collation16_interop(sqlite3* db, const void *zName, int eTextRep, void* pvUser, SQLITECOLLATION func, void **ppCookie)
{
  int n;
  SQLITECOLLATION *p = (SQLITECOLLATION *)malloc(sizeof(SQLITECOLLATION));
  
  p[0] = func;

  *ppCookie = 0;

  n = sqlite3_create_collation16(db, (const char *)zName, eTextRep, p, sqlite3_interop_collationfunc);
  if (n != 0)
    free(p);
  else
    *ppCookie = p;

  return n;
}

__declspec(dllexport) int WINAPI sqlite3_aggregate_count_interop(sqlite3_context *pctx)
{
  return sqlite3_aggregate_count(pctx);
}

__declspec(dllexport) const void * WINAPI sqlite3_value_blob_interop(sqlite3_value *val)
{
  return sqlite3_value_blob(val);
}

__declspec(dllexport) int WINAPI sqlite3_value_bytes_interop(sqlite3_value *val)
{
  return sqlite3_value_bytes(val);
}

__declspec(dllexport) int WINAPI sqlite3_value_bytes16_interop(sqlite3_value *val)
{
  return sqlite3_value_bytes16(val);
}

__declspec(dllexport) void WINAPI sqlite3_value_double_interop(sqlite3_value *pval, double *val)
{
  *val = sqlite3_value_double(pval);
}

__declspec(dllexport) int WINAPI sqlite3_value_int_interop(sqlite3_value *val)
{
  return sqlite3_value_int(val);
}

__declspec(dllexport) void WINAPI sqlite3_value_int64_interop(sqlite3_value *pval, sqlite_int64 *val)
{
  *val = sqlite3_value_int64(pval);
}

__declspec(dllexport) const unsigned char * WINAPI sqlite3_value_text_interop(sqlite3_value *val, int *plen)
{
................................................................................
__declspec(dllexport) const void * WINAPI sqlite3_value_text16_interop(sqlite3_value *val, int *plen)
{
  const void *pval = sqlite3_value_text16(val);
  *plen = (pval != 0) ? wcslen((wchar_t *)pval) * sizeof(wchar_t) : 0;
  return pval;
}

__declspec(dllexport) int WINAPI sqlite3_value_type_interop(sqlite3_value *val)
{
  return sqlite3_value_type(val);
}

__declspec(dllexport) void * WINAPI sqlite3_aggregate_context_interop(sqlite3_context *pctx, int n)
{
  return sqlite3_aggregate_context(pctx, n);
}

__declspec(dllexport) void WINAPI sqlite3_result_blob_interop(sqlite3_context *ctx, const void *pv, int n, void(*cb)(void *))
{
  sqlite3_result_blob(ctx, pv, n, cb);
}

__declspec(dllexport) void WINAPI sqlite3_result_double_interop(sqlite3_context *pctx, double *val)
{
  sqlite3_result_double(pctx, *val);
}

__declspec(dllexport) void WINAPI sqlite3_result_int_interop(sqlite3_context *pctx, int val)
{
  sqlite3_result_int(pctx, val);
}

__declspec(dllexport) void WINAPI sqlite3_result_int64_interop(sqlite3_context *pctx, sqlite_int64 *val)
{
  sqlite3_result_int64(pctx, *val);
}

__declspec(dllexport) void WINAPI sqlite3_result_null_interop(sqlite3_context *pctx)
{
  sqlite3_result_null(pctx);

}

__declspec(dllexport) void WINAPI sqlite3_result_error_interop(sqlite3_context *ctx, const char *pv, int n)

{
  sqlite3_result_error(ctx, pv, n);
}



__declspec(dllexport) void WINAPI sqlite3_result_error16_interop(sqlite3_context *ctx, const void *pv, int n)

{
  sqlite3_result_error16(ctx, pv, n);

}

__declspec(dllexport) void WINAPI sqlite3_result_text_interop(sqlite3_context *ctx, const char *pv, int n, void(*cb)(void *))
{
  sqlite3_result_text(ctx, pv, n, cb);


}


__declspec(dllexport) void WINAPI sqlite3_result_text16_interop(sqlite3_context *ctx, const void *pv, int n, void(*cb)(void *))
{
  sqlite3_result_text16(ctx, pv, n, cb);

}

__declspec(dllexport) const char * WINAPI sqlite3_column_database_name_interop(sqlite3_stmt *stmt, int iCol, int *plen)
{
  const char *pval = sqlite3_column_database_name(stmt, iCol);
  *plen = (pval != 0) ? strlen(pval) : 0;
  return pval;
................................................................................
  n = sqlite3_table_column_metadata(db, zDbName, zTableName, zColumnName, pzDataType, pzCollSeq, pNotNull, pPrimaryKey, pAutoinc);
  *pdtLen = (*pzDataType != 0) ? strlen(*pzDataType) : 0;
  *pcsLen = (*pzCollSeq != 0) ? strlen(*pzCollSeq) : 0;

  return n;
}

__declspec(dllexport) int WINAPI sqlite3_table_hascheckconstraints(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDbName, const char *zTableName, int *result)
{
  int rc;
  char *zErrMsg = 0;
  Table *pTab = 0;
  
  *result = 0;

  /* Ensure the database schema has been loaded */
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  (void)sqlite3SafetyOn(db);
  sqlite3BtreeEnterAll(db);
  rc = sqlite3Init(db, &zErrMsg);
  sqlite3BtreeLeaveAll(db);
  if( SQLITE_OK!=rc ){
    goto error_out;
  }

  /* Locate the table in question */
  pTab = sqlite3FindTable(db, zTableName, zDbName);
  if( !pTab || pTab->pSelect ){
    pTab = 0;
    goto error_out;
  }

  if (pTab->pCheck) *result = 1;

error_out:
  (void)sqlite3SafetyOff(db);

  if( !pTab ){
    sqlite3SetString(&zErrMsg, db, "no such table : ", zTableName, 0);
    rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  sqlite3Error(db, rc, (zErrMsg?"%s":0), zErrMsg);
  sqlite3_free(zErrMsg);
  rc = sqlite3ApiExit(db, rc);
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return rc;
}

__declspec(dllexport) int WINAPI sqlite3_index_column_info_interop(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDb, const char *zIndexName, const char *zColumnName, int *sortOrder, int *onError, char **pzColl, int *plen)
{
  Index *pIdx;
  Table *pTab;
  char *zErrMsg = 0;
  int n;
  pIdx = sqlite3FindIndex(db, zIndexName, zDb);
................................................................................

      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
  }
  return SQLITE_ERROR;
}

void sqlite3_update_callback(void *pArg, int type, const char *pDatabase, const char *pTable, sqlite_int64 rowid)
{
  SQLITEUPDATEHOOK func = (SQLITEUPDATEHOOK)pArg;

  func(type, pDatabase, strlen(pDatabase), pTable, strlen(pTable), rowid);
}

int sqlite3_commit_callback(void *pArg)
{
  return ((SQLITECOMMITHOOK)pArg)();
}

void sqlite3_rollback_callback(void *pArg)
{
  ((SQLITEROLLBACKHOOK)pArg)();
}

__declspec(dllexport) void * WINAPI sqlite3_update_hook_interop(sqlite3 *pDb, SQLITEUPDATEHOOK func)
{
  return sqlite3_update_hook(pDb, sqlite3_update_callback, func);
}

__declspec(dllexport) void * WINAPI sqlite3_commit_hook_interop(sqlite3 *pDb, SQLITECOMMITHOOK func)
{
  return sqlite3_commit_hook(pDb, sqlite3_commit_callback, func);
}

__declspec(dllexport) void * WINAPI sqlite3_rollback_hook_interop(sqlite3 *pDb, SQLITEROLLBACKHOOK func)
{
  return sqlite3_rollback_hook(pDb, sqlite3_rollback_callback, func);
}

__declspec(dllexport) int WINAPI sqlite3_table_cursor(sqlite3_stmt *pstmt, int iDb, Pgno tableRootPage)
{
  Vdbe *p = (Vdbe *)pstmt;
  sqlite3 *db = (p == NULL) ? NULL : p->db;
  int n;
  int ret = -1;

................................................................................
    break;
  }
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);

  return ret;
}

// IMPORTANT: This placeholder is here for a reason!!!
// On the Compact Framework the .data section of the DLL must have its RawDataSize larger than the VirtualSize!
// If its not, strong name validation will fail and other bad things will happen.
//#if _WIN32_WCE
//__int64 _ph[17] = {1};
//#endif // _WIN32_WCE

#endif // SQLITE_OS_WIN

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#ifdef NDEBUG
#include "src/sqlite3.c"
#else
#include "splitsource\btreeint.h"
#include "splitsource\vdbeint.h"
#include "splitsource\sqliteInt.h"
#endif

#include "extension-functions.c"
#include "crypt.c"
#include <tchar.h>

#ifdef NDEBUG

#if _WIN32_WCE
#include "merge.h"
#else
#include "merge_full.h"
#endif // _WIN32_WCE
#endif // NDEBUG

extern int RegisterExtensionFunctions(sqlite3 *db);

#ifdef SQLITE_OS_WIN

// Additional flag for sqlite3.flags, we use it as a reference counter
#define SQLITE_WantClose 0x10000000

// Additional open flags, we use this one privately
//#define SQLITE_OPEN_SHAREDCACHE      0x01000000

typedef void (*SQLITEUSERFUNC)(sqlite3_context *, int, sqlite3_value **);
typedef void (*SQLITEFUNCFINAL)(sqlite3_context *);


typedef HANDLE (WINAPI *CREATEFILEW)(
    LPCWSTR,
    DWORD,
    DWORD,
    LPSECURITY_ATTRIBUTES,
    DWORD,
    DWORD,
    HANDLE);































static CRITICAL_SECTION g_cs;
static LONG g_dwcsInit = 0;







void EnterGlobalMutex()
{
  if (InterlockedCompareExchange(&g_dwcsInit, 1, 0) == 0)
    InitializeCriticalSection(&g_cs);

  EnterCriticalSection(&g_cs);
}

void LeaveGlobalMutex()
{
  LeaveCriticalSection(&g_cs);
}























int SetCompression(const wchar_t *pwszFilename, unsigned short ufLevel)
{
#ifdef FSCTL_SET_COMPRESSION
  HMODULE hMod = GetModuleHandle(_T("KERNEL32"));
  CREATEFILEW pfunc;
  HANDLE hFile;
................................................................................
}

__declspec(dllexport) int WINAPI sqlite3_decompressfile(const wchar_t *pwszFilename)
{
  return SetCompression(pwszFilename, COMPRESSION_FORMAT_NONE);
}





















/*
    The goal of this version of close is different than that of sqlite3_close(), and is designed to lend itself better to .NET's non-deterministic finalizers and
    the GC thread.  SQLite will not close a database if statements are open on it -- but for our purposes, we'd rather finalize all active statements
    and forcibly close the database.  The reason is simple -- a lot of people don't Dispose() of their objects correctly and let the garbage collector
    do it.  This leads to unexpected behavior when a user thinks they've closed a database, but it's still open because not all the statements have
    hit the GC yet.

................................................................................
  }

  LeaveGlobalMutex();

  return ret;
}

__declspec(dllexport) int WINAPI sqlite3_open_interop(const char*filename, int flags, sqlite3 **ppdb)

{
  int ret;
  //int sharedcache = ((flags & SQLITE_OPEN_SHAREDCACHE) != 0);
  //flags &= ~SQLITE_OPEN_SHAREDCACHE;

  //EnterGlobalMutex();





  //sqlite3_enable_shared_cache(sharedcache);
  ret = sqlite3_open_v2(filename, ppdb, flags, NULL);
  //sqlite3_enable_shared_cache(0);

  if (ret == 0)
    RegisterExtensionFunctions(*ppdb);


  //LeaveGlobalMutex();

  return ret;
}

__declspec(dllexport) int WINAPI sqlite3_open16_interop(const char *filename, int flags, sqlite3 **ppdb)
{
  int ret = sqlite3_open_interop(filename, flags, ppdb);

  if (!ret)
  {
    if(!DbHasProperty(*ppdb, 0, DB_SchemaLoaded))


      ENC(*ppdb) = SQLITE_UTF16NATIVE;
  }






















































  return ret;
}






__declspec(dllexport) const char * WINAPI sqlite3_errmsg_interop(sqlite3 *db, int *plen)
{
  const char *pval = sqlite3_errmsg(db);
  *plen = (pval != 0) ? strlen(pval) : 0;
  return pval;
}








__declspec(dllexport) int WINAPI sqlite3_prepare_interop(sqlite3 *db, const char *sql, int nbytes, sqlite3_stmt **ppstmt, const char **pztail, int *plen)
{
  int n;

  n = sqlite3_prepare(db, sql, nbytes, ppstmt, pztail);
  *plen = (*pztail != 0) ? strlen(*pztail) : 0;

................................................................................

  n = sqlite3_prepare16(db, sql, nchars * sizeof(wchar_t), ppstmt, pztail);
  *plen = (*pztail != 0) ? wcslen((wchar_t *)*pztail) * sizeof(wchar_t) : 0;

  return n;
}






__declspec(dllexport) int WINAPI sqlite3_bind_double_interop(sqlite3_stmt *stmt, int iCol, double *val)
{
	return sqlite3_bind_double(stmt,iCol,*val);
}






__declspec(dllexport) int WINAPI sqlite3_bind_int64_interop(sqlite3_stmt *stmt, int iCol, sqlite_int64 *val)
{
	return sqlite3_bind_int64(stmt,iCol,*val);
}





















__declspec(dllexport) const char * WINAPI sqlite3_bind_parameter_name_interop(sqlite3_stmt *stmt, int iCol, int *plen)
{
  const char *pval = sqlite3_bind_parameter_name(stmt, iCol);
  *plen = (pval != 0) ? strlen(pval) : 0;
  return pval;
}











__declspec(dllexport) const char * WINAPI sqlite3_column_name_interop(sqlite3_stmt *stmt, int iCol, int *plen)
{
  const char *pval = sqlite3_column_name(stmt, iCol);
  *plen = (pval != 0) ? strlen(pval) : 0;
  return pval;
}

................................................................................
__declspec(dllexport) const void * WINAPI sqlite3_column_decltype16_interop(sqlite3_stmt *stmt, int iCol, int *plen)
{
  const void *pval = sqlite3_column_decltype16(stmt, iCol);
  *plen = (pval != 0) ? wcslen((wchar_t *)pval) * sizeof(wchar_t) : 0;
  return pval;
}































__declspec(dllexport) void WINAPI sqlite3_column_double_interop(sqlite3_stmt *stmt, int iCol, double *val)
{
	*val = sqlite3_column_double(stmt,iCol);
}






__declspec(dllexport) void WINAPI sqlite3_column_int64_interop(sqlite3_stmt *stmt, int iCol, sqlite_int64 *val)
{
	*val = sqlite3_column_int64(stmt,iCol);
}

__declspec(dllexport) const unsigned char * WINAPI sqlite3_column_text_interop(sqlite3_stmt *stmt, int iCol, int *plen)
{
................................................................................
__declspec(dllexport) const void * WINAPI sqlite3_column_text16_interop(sqlite3_stmt *stmt, int iCol, int *plen)
{
  const void *pval = sqlite3_column_text16(stmt, iCol);
  *plen = (pval != 0) ? wcslen((wchar_t *)pval) * sizeof(wchar_t): 0;
  return pval;
}






__declspec(dllexport) int WINAPI sqlite3_finalize_interop(sqlite3_stmt *stmt)
{
  // Try and finalize a statement, and close the database it belonged to if the database was marked for closing
  Vdbe *p;
  sqlite3 *db;
  int ret;

................................................................................
  int ret;

  if (((Vdbe *)stmt)->magic == VDBE_MAGIC_DEAD) return SQLITE_SCHEMA;
  ret = sqlite3_reset(stmt);
  return ret;
}

__declspec(dllexport) int WINAPI sqlite3_create_function_interop(sqlite3 *psql, const char *zFunctionName, int nArg, int eTextRep, void *pvUser, SQLITEUSERFUNC func, SQLITEUSERFUNC funcstep, SQLITEFUNCFINAL funcfinal, int needCollSeq)
{
  int n;


  if (eTextRep == SQLITE_UTF16)
    eTextRep = SQLITE_UTF16NATIVE;





  n = sqlite3_create_function(psql, zFunctionName, nArg, eTextRep, 0, func, funcstep, funcfinal);
  if (n == 0)



  {















    if (needCollSeq)



    {


      FuncDef *pFunc = sqlite3FindFunction(psql, zFunctionName, strlen(zFunctionName), nArg, eTextRep, 0);
      if( pFunc )
      {




        pFunc->needCollSeq = 1;
      }

    }

  }






  return n;
}







































__declspec(dllexport) void WINAPI sqlite3_value_double_interop(sqlite3_value *pval, double *val)
{
  *val = sqlite3_value_double(pval);
}






__declspec(dllexport) void WINAPI sqlite3_value_int64_interop(sqlite3_value *pval, sqlite_int64 *val)
{
  *val = sqlite3_value_int64(pval);
}

__declspec(dllexport) const unsigned char * WINAPI sqlite3_value_text_interop(sqlite3_value *val, int *plen)
{
................................................................................
__declspec(dllexport) const void * WINAPI sqlite3_value_text16_interop(sqlite3_value *val, int *plen)
{
  const void *pval = sqlite3_value_text16(val);
  *plen = (pval != 0) ? wcslen((wchar_t *)pval) * sizeof(wchar_t) : 0;
  return pval;
}
















__declspec(dllexport) void WINAPI sqlite3_result_double_interop(sqlite3_context *pctx, double *val)
{
  sqlite3_result_double(pctx, *val);
}






__declspec(dllexport) void WINAPI sqlite3_result_int64_interop(sqlite3_context *pctx, sqlite_int64 *val)
{
  sqlite3_result_int64(pctx, *val);
}

__declspec(dllexport) int WINAPI sqlite3_context_collcompare(sqlite3_context *ctx, const void *p1, int p1len, const void *p2, int p2len)
{
  if (ctx->pFunc->needCollSeq == 0) return 2;
  return ctx->pColl->xCmp(ctx->pColl->pUser, p1len, p1, p2len, p2);
}


__declspec(dllexport) const char * WINAPI sqlite3_context_collseq(sqlite3_context *ctx, int *ptype, int *enc, int *plen)
{



  CollSeq *pColl = ctx->pColl;
  *ptype = 0;
  *plen = 0;
  *enc = 0;


  if (ctx->pFunc->needCollSeq == 0) return NULL;


  if (pColl)
  {
    *enc = pColl->enc;
    *ptype = pColl->type;
    *plen = (pColl->zName != 0) ? strlen(pColl->zName) : 0;

    return pColl->zName;
  }



  return NULL;
}

__declspec(dllexport) const char * WINAPI sqlite3_column_database_name_interop(sqlite3_stmt *stmt, int iCol, int *plen)
{
  const char *pval = sqlite3_column_database_name(stmt, iCol);
  *plen = (pval != 0) ? strlen(pval) : 0;
  return pval;
................................................................................
  n = sqlite3_table_column_metadata(db, zDbName, zTableName, zColumnName, pzDataType, pzCollSeq, pNotNull, pPrimaryKey, pAutoinc);
  *pdtLen = (*pzDataType != 0) ? strlen(*pzDataType) : 0;
  *pcsLen = (*pzCollSeq != 0) ? strlen(*pzCollSeq) : 0;

  return n;
}










































__declspec(dllexport) int WINAPI sqlite3_index_column_info_interop(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDb, const char *zIndexName, const char *zColumnName, int *sortOrder, int *onError, char **pzColl, int *plen)
{
  Index *pIdx;
  Table *pTab;
  char *zErrMsg = 0;
  int n;
  pIdx = sqlite3FindIndex(db, zIndexName, zDb);
................................................................................

      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
  }
  return SQLITE_ERROR;
}

































__declspec(dllexport) int WINAPI sqlite3_table_cursor(sqlite3_stmt *pstmt, int iDb, Pgno tableRootPage)
{
  Vdbe *p = (Vdbe *)pstmt;
  sqlite3 *db = (p == NULL) ? NULL : p->db;
  int n;
  int ret = -1;

................................................................................
    break;
  }
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);

  return ret;
}








#endif // SQLITE_OS_WIN

Changes to SQLite.Interop/merge.h.

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// This code was automatically generated from assembly
// C:\Src\SQLite.NET\System.Data.SQLite\bin\CompactFramework\System.Data.SQLite.dll

#include <windef.h>

#pragma data_seg(push,clrseg,".clr")
#pragma comment(linker, "/SECTION:.clr,ER")
  char __ph[138928] = {0}; // The number of bytes to reserve
#pragma data_seg(pop,clrseg)

typedef BOOL (WINAPI *DLLMAIN)(HANDLE, DWORD, LPVOID);
typedef struct EXTRA_STUFF
{
  DWORD dwNativeEntryPoint;
} EXTRA_STUFF, *LPEXTRA_STUFF;







|







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// This code was automatically generated from assembly
// C:\Src\SQLite.NET\System.Data.SQLite\bin\CompactFramework\System.Data.SQLite.dll

#include <windef.h>

#pragma data_seg(push,clrseg,".clr")
#pragma comment(linker, "/SECTION:.clr,ER")
  char __ph[143492] = {0}; // The number of bytes to reserve
#pragma data_seg(pop,clrseg)

typedef BOOL (WINAPI *DLLMAIN)(HANDLE, DWORD, LPVOID);
typedef struct EXTRA_STUFF
{
  DWORD dwNativeEntryPoint;
} EXTRA_STUFF, *LPEXTRA_STUFF;

Changes to SQLite.Interop/merge_full.h.

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// This code was automatically generated from assembly
// C:\Src\SQLite.NET\System.Data.SQLite\bin\System.Data.SQLite.dll

#include <windef.h>

#pragma data_seg(push,clrseg,".clr")
#pragma comment(linker, "/SECTION:.clr,ER")
  char __ph[151584] = {0}; // The number of bytes to reserve
#pragma data_seg(pop,clrseg)

typedef BOOL (WINAPI *DLLMAIN)(HANDLE, DWORD, LPVOID);
typedef struct EXTRA_STUFF
{
  DWORD dwNativeEntryPoint;
} EXTRA_STUFF, *LPEXTRA_STUFF;







|







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// This code was automatically generated from assembly
// C:\Src\SQLite.NET\System.Data.SQLite\bin\System.Data.SQLite.dll

#include <windef.h>

#pragma data_seg(push,clrseg,".clr")
#pragma comment(linker, "/SECTION:.clr,ER")
  char __ph[157228] = {0}; // The number of bytes to reserve
#pragma data_seg(pop,clrseg)

typedef BOOL (WINAPI *DLLMAIN)(HANDLE, DWORD, LPVOID);
typedef struct EXTRA_STUFF
{
  DWORD dwNativeEntryPoint;
} EXTRA_STUFF, *LPEXTRA_STUFF;

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1041
1042
1043
1044
....
1123
1124
1125
1126
1127
1128
1129
1130
1131
1132
1133
1134
1135
1136
1137
....
1140
1141
1142
1143
1144
1145
1146
1147
1148
1149
1150
1151
1152
1153
1154
1155
1156
1157
1158
1159
1160
1161
1162
1163
1164
1165
1166
....
1185
1186
1187
1188
1189
1190
1191
1192
1193
1194
1195
1196
1197
1198
1199
1200
1201
1202
1203
1204
1205
1206
1207
1208
1209
1210
1211
1212
1213
1214
1215
1216
1217
1218
....
1233
1234
1235
1236
1237
1238
1239
1240
1241
1242
1243
1244
1245
1246
1247
1248
1249
1250
1251
1252
1253
1254
1255
1256
1257
1258
1259
1260
1261
1262
1263
1264
1265
1266
1267
....
1295
1296
1297
1298
1299
1300
1301
1302
1303
1304
1305
1306
1307
1308
1309
1310
1311
1312
1313
1314
1315
1316
1317
1318
1319
1320
1321
1322
1323
1324
1325
1326
....
1377
1378
1379
1380
1381
1382
1383
1384

1385
1386
1387
1388
1389
1390
1391
....
1402
1403
1404
1405
1406
1407
1408
1409
1410
1411
1412
1413
1414
1415
1416





















1417

1418
1419
1420
1421
1422
1423
1424
....
1464
1465
1466
1467
1468
1469
1470
1471

1472
1473
1474
1475
1476
1477
1478
....
1520
1521
1522
1523
1524
1525
1526
1527
1528
1529

1530
1531
1532
1533
1534
1535
1536
1537
1538
1539
1540
1541
1542


1543
1544
1545
1546
1547
1548
1549
1550
1551
1552
1553
1554
1555
1556
1557
1558
1559
1560
1561


1562
1563
1564
1565
1566
1567
1568
....
1583
1584
1585
1586
1587
1588
1589








1590
1591
1592
1593
1594
1595
1596
1597
1598
1599
1600
1601


1602





























1603

1604
1605
1606
1607
1608
1609
1610
1611
1612
1613
1614
1615
1616
1617
1618
1619
1620
1621
1622
1623
1624
1625
1626
1627
1628
1629
1630
....
1650
1651
1652
1653
1654
1655
1656
1657
1658
1659
1660
1661
1662
1663
1664
1665
1666
1667
1668
1669
1670
1671
1672
1673
1674
1675
1676
1677
1678
1679
1680
1681
1682
1683
1684
1685
....
1721
1722
1723
1724
1725
1726
1727
1728
1729
1730
1731
1732
1733
1734
1735
1736
1737
1738
1739
1740
1741
1742
1743
1744
1745
1746
1747
1748
1749
1750
1751
1752
1753
1754
1755
....
1765
1766
1767
1768
1769
1770
1771
1772
1773
1774
1775
1776
1777
1778
1779
1780
1781
1782
1783
1784
1785
1786
1787
1788
1789
1790
1791
1792
1793
1794
1795
1796
1797
....
1810
1811
1812
1813
1814
1815
1816
1817
1818
1819
1820
1821
1822
1823
1824
1825
1826
1827
1828
1829
1830
1831
1832
1833
1834
1835
1836
1837
1838
1839
....
1843
1844
1845
1846
1847
1848
1849
1850
1851
1852
1853
1854
1855
1856
1857
1858
1859
1860
1861
1862
1863
1864
1865
1866
1867
1868
1869
1870
1871
1872
1873
1874
1875
1876
1877
1878
1879
....
1923
1924
1925
1926
1927
1928
1929
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
....
2056
2057
2058
2059
2060
2061
2062
2063
2064
2065
2066
2067
2068
2069
2070
2071
2072
2073
2074
2075
2076
2077
2078
2079
2080
2081
2082
2083
2084
2085
2086
2087
2088
2089
2090
2091
2092
2093
2094
2095
....
2098
2099
2100
2101
2102
2103
2104
2105
2106
2107
2108
2109
2110
2111
2112
....
2191
2192
2193
2194
2195
2196
2197
2198
2199
2200
2201
2202
2203
2204
2205
2206
2207
2208
2209
2210
2211
2212
2213
2214
2215
2216
2217
2218
2219
2220
2221
2222
2223
2224
2225
....
2258
2259
2260
2261
2262
2263
2264
2265
2266
2267
2268
2269
2270
2271
2272
....
2280
2281
2282
2283
2284
2285
2286
2287
2288
2289
2290
2291
2292
2293
2294
2295
2296
2297
2298
2299
2300
2301
2302
2303
2304
2305
2306
2307
2308
2309
2310
2311
2312
2313
2314
2315
2316
2317
2318
2319
2320
2321
2322
2323
2324
2325
2326
2327
2328
2329
2330
2331
2332
2333
....
2335
2336
2337
2338
2339
2340
2341
2342
2343
2344
2345
2346
2347
2348
2349
2350
2351
2352
2353
2354
2355
2356
2357
2358
2359
2360
2361
2362
2363
2364
2365
2366
2367
2368
2369
2370
2371
2372
2373
2374
2375
2376
2377
2378
2379
2380
....
2385
2386
2387
2388
2389
2390
2391
2392
2393
2394
2395
2396
2397
2398
2399
2400
2401
2402
2403
2404
2405
....
2455
2456
2457
2458
2459
2460
2461
2462
2463
2464
2465
2466
2467
2468
2469
2470
2471
2472
2473
2474
2475
2476
2477
2478
2479
2480
2481
2482
2483
2484
2485
2486
2487
2488
2489
2490
2491
2492
2493
2494
2495
2496
2497
2498
2499
2500
2501
2502
2503
2504
2505
2506
2507
2508
2509
2510
2511
2512
2513
2514
2515
2516
2517
2518
2519
2520
2521
2522
2523
2524
2525
2526
2527
2528
2529
2530
2531
2532
2533
2534
2535
2536
2537
2538
....
2544
2545
2546
2547
2548
2549
2550
2551
2552
2553
2554
2555
2556
2557
2558
2559
2560
2561
2562
2563
2564
2565
2566
2567
2568
2569
2570
2571
2572
....
2599
2600
2601
2602
2603
2604
2605
2606

2607
2608
2609
2610
2611
2612
2613
....
2616
2617
2618
2619
2620
2621
2622
2623
2624
2625
2626
2627
2628
2629
2630
2631
2632
2633
2634
2635
2636
2637
2638
2639
2640
2641
2642
2643
2644
2645
2646
2647
2648
2649
2650
2651
2652
2653
2654
2655
2656
2657
2658
2659
2660
2661
2662
2663
2664
2665
2666
2667
2668
2669
2670
2671
2672
2673
2674
2675
2676
2677
2678
2679
2680
2681
2682
2683
2684
2685
2686
2687
2688
2689
2690
2691
2692
2693
2694
2695
2696
2697
2698
2699
2700
2701
2702
2703
2704
2705
2706
2707
2708
2709
2710
2711
2712

2713
2714
2715
2716
2717
2718
2719
2720
2721
2722
2723
2724
....
2792
2793
2794
2795
2796
2797
2798
2799
2800
2801
2802
2803
2804
2805
2806
2807
2808
2809
2810
2811
2812
2813
2814
2815
2816
2817
2818
2819
2820
2821
2822
2823
2824
2825
2826
2827
2828
2829
2830
2831
2832
2833
2834
2835
2836
2837
2838
2839
2840
2841
2842
2843
2844
2845
2846
2847
2848
2849
2850
2851
2852
2853
2854
2855
2856
2857
2858
2859
2860
2861
2862
2863
2864
2865
2866
....
2873
2874
2875
2876
2877
2878
2879
2880
2881
2882
2883
2884
2885
2886
2887
....
2894
2895
2896
2897
2898
2899
2900
2901
2902
2903
2904
2905
2906
2907
2908
2909
2910
2911
2912
2913
2914
2915
2916
2917
2918
2919
2920
2921
2922
2923
2924
2925
2926
2927
2928
2929
2930
2931
2932
2933
2934
2935
2936
....
2948
2949
2950
2951
2952
2953
2954
2955
2956
2957
2958
2959
2960
2961
2962
....
2981
2982
2983
2984
2985
2986
2987
2988
2989
2990
2991
2992
2993
2994
2995
2996
2997
2998
2999
3000
3001
3002
3003
3004
3005
3006
3007
3008
3009
3010
....
3052
3053
3054
3055
3056
3057
3058
3059
3060
3061
3062
3063
3064
3065
3066
....
3122
3123
3124
3125
3126
3127
3128
3129
3130
3131
3132
3133
3134
3135
3136
3137
3138
3139
3140
3141
3142
3143
3144
3145
3146
3147
3148
3149
3150
3151
3152
3153
3154
3155
3156
3157
3158
3159
3160
3161
3162
3163
3164
3165
3166
....
3186
3187
3188
3189
3190
3191
3192
3193
3194
3195
3196
3197
3198
3199
3200
3201
3202
3203
3204
3205
3206
3207
3208
3209
3210
3211
3212
3213
3214
3215
3216
3217
3218
3219
3220
3221
3222
3223
3224
....
3249
3250
3251
3252
3253
3254
3255
3256
3257
3258
3259
3260
3261
3262
3263
3264
3265
3266
3267
3268
3269
3270
3271
3272
3273
3274
3275
3276
3277
....
3343
3344
3345
3346
3347
3348
3349
3350
3351
3352
3353
3354
3355
3356
3357
3358
3359
3360
3361
3362
3363
3364
3365
3366
3367
3368
3369
3370
3371
3372
3373
3374
3375
3376
3377
3378
3379
3380
3381
3382
3383
3384
3385
3386
3387
3388
3389
3390
3391
3392
3393
3394
3395
3396
3397
3398
3399
3400
3401
3402
3403
3404
3405
3406
3407
3408
3409
3410
3411
3412
3413
3414
3415
3416
3417
3418
3419
3420
3421
3422
3423
3424
3425
....
3426
3427
3428
3429
3430
3431
3432
3433
3434
3435
3436
3437
3438
3439
3440
....
3445
3446
3447
3448
3449
3450
3451
3452
3453
3454
3455
3456
3457
3458
3459
3460
3461
3462
3463
3464
3465
3466
....
3478
3479
3480
3481
3482
3483
3484
3485
3486
3487
3488
3489
3490
3491
3492
3493
3494
3495
3496
3497
3498
3499
3500
3501
....
3502
3503
3504
3505
3506
3507
3508
3509
3510
3511
3512
3513
3514
3515
3516
3517
3518
3519
3520
3521
3522
3523
3524
3525
3526
3527
3528
3529
3530
3531
3532
3533
3534
3535
3536
3537
3538
3539
3540
3541
3542
3543
3544
3545
3546
3547
3548
3549
3550
3551
3552
3553
....
3564
3565
3566
3567
3568
3569
3570
3571
3572
3573
3574
3575
3576
3577
3578
3579
3580
3581
3582
3583
3584
3585
3586
3587
3588
3589
3590
3591
3592
3593
3594
3595
3596
3597
3598
3599
3600
3601
3602
3603
3604
3605
3606
3607
3608
3609
3610
....
3634
3635
3636
3637
3638
3639
3640
3641
3642
3643
3644
3645
3646
3647
3648
3649
3650
3651
3652
3653
3654
3655
3656
3657
3658
3659
3660
3661
3662
3663
3664
3665
3666
3667
3668
3669
3670
3671
3672
3673
3674
3675
3676
3677
3678
3679
3680
3681
3682
3683
3684
3685
3686
3687
3688
3689
3690
3691
....
3692
3693
3694
3695
3696
3697
3698
3699
3700
3701
3702
3703
3704
3705
3706
....
3722
3723
3724
3725
3726
3727
3728
3729
3730
3731
3732
3733
3734
3735
3736
3737
3738
3739
3740
3741
3742
3743
3744
3745
3746
3747
3748
3749
3750
3751
3752
3753
3754
3755
3756
3757
3758
3759
....
3811
3812
3813
3814
3815
3816
3817
3818
3819
3820
3821
3822
3823
3824
3825
3826
3827
3828
3829
3830
3831
3832
3833
3834
3835
3836
3837
3838
3839
3840
3841
3842
3843
3844
3845
3846
3847
3848
3849
3850
3851
3852
3853
3854
3855
3856
3857
3858
3859
3860
3861
3862
3863
3864
3865
3866
3867
3868
3869
3870
3871
3872
3873
3874
....
3889
3890
3891
3892
3893
3894
3895
3896
3897
3898
3899
3900
3901
3902
3903
....
4042
4043
4044
4045
4046
4047
4048
4049
4050
4051
4052
4053
4054
4055
4056
4057
4058
4059
4060
4061
4062
4063
4064
4065
4066
4067
4068
4069
4070
4071
4072
4073
4074
4075
4076
4077
4078
4079
4080
4081
4082
4083
4084
4085
4086
4087
4088
4089
4090
4091
4092
4093
4094
4095
4096
4097
4098
4099
4100
4101
4102
4103
4104
....
4107
4108
4109
4110
4111
4112
4113
4114
4115
4116
4117
4118
4119
4120
4121
....
4124
4125
4126
4127
4128
4129
4130
4131
4132
4133
4134
4135
4136
4137
4138
4139
4140
4141
4142
4143
4144
4145
4146
4147
4148
4149
4150
4151
4152
4153
4154
4155
4156
4157
4158
4159
4160
4161
4162
4163
4164
4165
4166
4167
4168
4169
4170
4171
4172
4173
4174
4175
....
4219
4220
4221
4222
4223
4224
4225
4226
4227
4228
4229
4230
4231
4232
4233
4234
4235
4236
4237
4238
4239
4240
4241
4242
4243
4244
4245
4246
4247
4248
4249
4250
4251
4252
4253
4254
4255
4256
4257
4258
4259
4260
4261
4262
4263
4264
4265
4266
4267
4268
4269
4270
4271
4272
4273
4274
4275
4276
4277
4278
4279
4280
4281
4282
4283
4284
4285
4286
4287
4288
4289
4290
....
4304
4305
4306
4307
4308
4309
4310
4311
4312
4313
4314
4315
4316
4317
4318
4319
4320
4321
4322
4323
4324

4325
4326
4327
4328

4329
4330
4331
4332
4333
4334
4335
4336
4337
4338
4339
4340
4341
4342
4343
4344
4345
4346
4347
....
4379
4380
4381
4382
4383
4384
4385
4386
4387
4388
4389
4390
4391
4392
4393
4394
4395
4396
4397
4398
4399
4400
4401
4402
4403
4404
4405
4406
4407
4408
4409
4410
4411
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4417
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4420
4421
4422
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4431
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4433
4434
4435
4436
4437
4438
4439
4440
4441
4442
4443
4444
4445
....
4453
4454
4455
4456
4457
4458
4459
4460
4461
4462
4463
4464
4465
4466
4467
....
4477
4478
4479
4480
4481
4482
4483
4484
4485
4486
4487
4488
4489
4490
4491
4492
4493
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4499
4500
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4508
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4510
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4522
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4526
4527
4528
4529
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4531
4532
4533
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4535
4536
4537
4538
4539
4540
4541
4542
4543
4544
4545
4546
4547
4548
4549
4550
4551
....
4580
4581
4582
4583
4584
4585
4586
4587
4588
4589
4590
4591
4592
4593
4594
4595
4596
4597
4598
4599
4600
4601
4602
4603
4604
4605
4606
4607
4608
4609
4610
4611
4612
4613
4614
4615
4616
4617
4618
4619
4620
4621
4622
4623
....
4627
4628
4629
4630
4631
4632
4633
4634
4635
4636
4637
4638
4639
4640
4641
....
4732
4733
4734
4735
4736
4737
4738
4739
4740
4741
4742
4743
4744
4745
4746
4747
4748
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4750
4751
4752
4753
4754
4755
4756
4757
4758
4759
4760
4761
4762
4763
4764
4765
4766
4767
4768
4769
4770
4771
4772
4773
4774
4775
4776
4777
4778
4779
4780
4781
4782
4783
4784
4785
4786
4787
4788
4789
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4792
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4794
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4797
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4799
4800
4801
4802
4803
4804
4805
4806
4807
4808
4809
4810
4811
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4813
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4816
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4818
4819
4820
4821
4822
4823
4824
4825
4826
4827
4828
4829
4830
4831
4832
....
4844
4845
4846
4847
4848
4849
4850
4851
4852
4853
4854
4855
4856
4857
4858
....
4887
4888
4889
4890
4891
4892
4893
4894
4895
4896
4897
4898
4899
4900
4901
4902
4903
4904
4905
4906
4907
4908
4909
4910
4911
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4913
4914
4915
4916
4917
4918
4919
4920
4921
4922
4923
4924
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4928
4929
4930
4931
4932
4933
4934
4935
4936
4937
4938
4939
4940
4941
4942
4943
....
4958
4959
4960
4961
4962
4963
4964
4965
4966
4967
4968
4969
4970
4971
4972
4973
4974
4975
4976
4977
4978
4979
4980
4981
....
4985
4986
4987
4988
4989
4990
4991
4992
4993
4994
4995
4996
4997
4998
4999
5000
5001
5002
5003
5004
5005
5006
5007
5008
5009
5010
....
5039
5040
5041
5042
5043
5044
5045
5046
5047
5048
5049
5050
5051
5052
5053
....
5054
5055
5056
5057
5058
5059
5060
5061
5062
5063
5064
5065
5066
5067
5068
5069
5070
5071
5072
5073
5074
5075
5076
5077
5078
5079
5080
....
5082
5083
5084
5085
5086
5087
5088
5089
5090
5091
5092
5093
5094
5095
5096
....
5100
5101
5102
5103
5104
5105
5106
5107
5108
5109
5110
5111
5112
5113
5114
5115
5116
5117
5118
5119
5120
5121
5122
5123
5124
5125
5126
5127
5128
5129
5130
5131
5132
5133
5134
5135
5136
5137
5138
5139
5140
5141
5142
5143
5144
5145
5146
5147
5148
5149
5150
5151
5152
5153
5154
5155
5156
5157
5158
5159
5160
5161
5162
5163
5164
5165
5166
5167
5168
5169
5170






5171
5172
5173
5174
5175
5176
5177
5178
5179
5180
5181
5182
....
5198
5199
5200
5201
5202
5203
5204
5205
5206
5207
5208
5209
5210
5211
5212
5213
5214
5215
5216
5217
5218
5219
5220
5221
5222
5223
5224
5225
5226
5227
5228
5229
5230
5231
5232
5233
5234
5235
5236
5237
5238
5239
5240
5241
5242
5243
5244
5245
5246
5247
5248
5249
5250
....
5264
5265
5266
5267
5268
5269
5270
5271
5272
5273
5274
5275
5276
5277
5278
5279
5280
5281
5282
5283
5284
5285
5286
5287
5288
5289
5290
5291
5292
5293
5294
5295
5296
5297
5298
5299
5300
5301
5302
5303
5304
5305
5306
5307
5308
5309
5310
5311
5312
5313
5314
....
5330
5331
5332
5333
5334
5335
5336
5337
5338
5339
5340
5341
5342
5343
5344
5345
5346
5347
5348
5349
5350
5351
5352
5353
5354
5355
5356
5357
5358
5359
5360
5361
5362
5363
5364
5365
5366
5367
5368
5369
5370
5371
5372
5373
5374
5375
5376
5377
5378
5379
5380
5381
....
5398
5399
5400
5401
5402
5403
5404
5405
5406
5407
5408
5409
5410
5411
5412
5413
5414
5415
5416
5417
5418
5419
5420
5421
5422
5423
5424
5425
5426
5427
5428
5429
5430
5431
5432
5433
5434
5435
5436
5437
5438
5439
5440
5441
....
5501
5502
5503
5504
5505
5506
5507
5508
5509
5510
5511
5512
5513
5514
5515
5516
5517
5518
5519
5520
5521
5522
5523
5524
5525
5526
5527
5528
5529
5530
5531
5532
5533
5534
5535
5536
5537
5538
5539
5540
5541
5542
5543
5544
5545
5546
5547
5548
5549
5550
5551
5552
5553
5554
5555
5556
5557
5558
5559
5560
5561
5562
5563
5564
5565
5566
5567
5568
5569
5570
5571
5572
5573
5574
5575
5576
5577
5578
5579
5580
5581
5582
5583
5584
5585
5586
5587
5588
5589
5590
5591
5592
5593
5594
5595
5596
5597
5598
5599
5600
5601
5602
....
5612
5613
5614
5615
5616
5617
5618
5619
5620

5621
5622
5623
5624
5625
5626
5627
....
5649
5650
5651
5652
5653
5654
5655
5656
5657
5658
5659
5660
5661
5662

5663
5664
5665
5666
5667
5668
5669
....
5718
5719
5720
5721
5722
5723
5724
5725
5726
5727
5728
5729
5730
5731
5732
....
5738
5739
5740
5741
5742
5743
5744
5745

5746
5747
5748
5749
5750
5751
5752
....
5756
5757
5758
5759
5760
5761
5762
5763

5764
5765
5766
5767
5768
5769
5770
....
5771
5772
5773
5774
5775
5776
5777
5778
5779

5780
5781
5782
5783
5784
5785
5786
....
5801
5802
5803
5804
5805
5806
5807
5808
5809

5810
5811
5812
5813
5814
5815
5816
....
5822
5823
5824
5825
5826
5827
5828
5829

5830
5831
5832
5833
5834
5835
5836
5837
5838
5839
5840
5841

5842
5843
5844
5845
5846
5847
5848
....
5866
5867
5868
5869
5870
5871
5872
5873
5874
5875
5876
5877
5878
5879
5880
5881
5882
5883
5884
5885
5886
5887
5888
5889
5890
5891
5892
5893
5894
....
5918
5919
5920
5921
5922
5923
5924
5925
5926
5927
5928
5929
5930
5931
5932
5933
5934
5935
5936
5937
5938
5939
5940
5941
5942
5943
5944
5945
5946
5947
5948
5949
5950
5951
5952
5953
....
5955
5956
5957
5958
5959
5960
5961
5962
5963
5964
5965
5966
5967
5968
5969
5970
5971
5972
5973
5974
5975
5976
5977
5978
5979
5980
5981
5982
5983
5984
5985
5986
5987
5988
5989
5990
5991
5992
5993
5994
5995
5996
5997
5998
5999
6000
6001
6002
6003
6004
6005
6006
6007
6008
6009
6010
6011
6012
6013
6014
6015
6016
6017
6018
6019
....
6023
6024
6025
6026
6027
6028
6029
6030
6031
6032
6033
6034
6035
6036
6037
6038
6039
6040
6041
6042
6043
6044
6045
6046
6047
6048
6049
6050
6051
6052
6053
6054
6055
6056
6057
6058
6059
6060
6061
6062
6063
6064
6065
6066
6067
6068
6069
6070
....
6084
6085
6086
6087
6088
6089
6090
6091
6092
6093
6094
6095
6096
6097
6098
6099
6100
6101
6102
6103
6104
6105
6106
6107
6108
6109
6110
6111
6112
6113
6114
6115
6116
6117
6118
6119
6120
6121
6122
6123
6124
6125
6126
6127
6128
6129
6130
6131
6132
6133
6134
6135
6136
6137
6138
....
6154
6155
6156
6157
6158
6159
6160
6161
6162
6163
6164
6165
6166
6167
6168
6169
6170
6171
6172
6173
6174
6175
6176
6177
6178
6179
6180
6181
6182
6183
6184
6185
6186
6187
6188
6189
6190
6191
6192
6193
6194
6195
6196
6197
....
6216
6217
6218
6219
6220
6221
6222
6223
6224
6225
6226
6227
6228
6229
6230
6231
6232
6233
6234
6235
6236
6237
6238
6239
6240
6241
6242
6243
6244
6245
6246
6247
6248
6249
6250
6251
6252
6253
6254
6255
6256
6257
6258
6259
6260
6261
6262
6263
6264
6265
6266
6267
6268
6269
6270
6271
6272
6273
6274
6275
6276
6277
6278
6279
6280
6281
6282
6283
6284
6285
6286
6287
6288
6289
6290
6291
6292
6293
6294
6295
6296
6297
6298
6299
....
6301
6302
6303
6304
6305
6306
6307
6308

6309
6310
6311
6312
6313
6314
6315
....
6318
6319
6320
6321
6322
6323
6324
6325
6326
6327
6328
6329
6330
6331
6332
6333
6334
6335
6336
6337
6338
6339
....
6364
6365
6366
6367
6368
6369
6370
6371
6372
6373
6374
6375
6376
6377
6378
6379
6380
6381
6382
6383
6384
6385
6386
6387
6388
6389
6390
6391
6392
6393
6394
6395
6396
6397
6398
6399
6400
6401
6402
6403
6404
6405
6406




6407
6408
6409
6410
6411
6412
6413
6414
6415
6416
6417
6418
6419
6420
6421
6422
6423
6424
6425
6426
6427
6428
6429
6430
6431
6432
6433
6434
6435
6436
6437
6438
6439
6440
6441
6442
6443
6444
6445
6446
6447
6448
6449
6450
6451
....
6456
6457
6458
6459
6460
6461
6462
6463
6464
6465
6466
6467
6468
6469
6470
....
6474
6475
6476
6477
6478
6479
6480
6481

6482
6483
6484
6485
6486
6487
6488
....
6500
6501
6502
6503
6504
6505
6506
6507
6508
6509
6510
6511
6512




















6513

6514
6515
6516
6517
6518
6519
6520
....
6522
6523
6524
6525
6526
6527
6528







6529
6530

6531
6532
6533
6534
6535
6536
6537










6538
6539
6540
6541
6542
6543
6544
6545
6546
6547
6548
6549
6550





6551
6552
6553
6554
6555

6556
6557




6558
6559
6560
6561
6562
6563
6564
6565
6566
6567



6568













6569
6570
6571
6572
6573
6574
6575
....
6594
6595
6596
6597
6598
6599
6600
6601
6602
6603
6604
6605
6606
6607
6608
....
7056
7057
7058
7059
7060
7061
7062






7063
7064
7065
7066
7067
7068
7069
....
7074
7075
7076
7077
7078
7079
7080


7081
7082
7083
7084
7085
7086
7087
....
7111
7112
7113
7114
7115
7116
7117
7118
7119
7120
7121
7122
7123
7124
7125
....
7337
7338
7339
7340
7341
7342
7343
7344
7345
7346
7347
7348
7349
7350
7351
....
7679
7680
7681
7682
7683
7684
7685
7686
7687
7688
7689
7690
7691
7692
7693
....
7726
7727
7728
7729
7730
7731
7732
7733
7734
7735
7736
7737
7738
7739
7740
....
7818
7819
7820
7821
7822
7823
7824
7825
7826
7827
7828
7829
7830
7831
7832
....
7880
7881
7882
7883
7884
7885
7886
7887
7888
7889
7890
7891
7892
7893
7894
....
8162
8163
8164
8165
8166
8167
8168
8169
8170
8171
8172
8173
8174
8175
8176
....
8304
8305
8306
8307
8308
8309
8310



























8311
8312
8313
8314
8315
8316
8317
....
8383
8384
8385
8386
8387
8388
8389

8390
8391
8392
8393
8394
8395
8396
....
8622
8623
8624
8625
8626
8627
8628

8629
8630
8631
8632
8633
8634
8635
....
9499
9500
9501
9502
9503
9504
9505

9506
9507
9508
9509
9510
9511
9512
9513
9514
9515
9516
....
9530
9531
9532
9533
9534
9535
9536


9537
9538
9539
9540
9541
9542
9543
....
9544
9545
9546
9547
9548
9549
9550


9551
9552
9553
9554
9555
9556
9557
....
9583
9584
9585
9586
9587
9588
9589
9590
9591
9592
9593
9594
9595
9596

9597

9598
9599
9600
9601
9602

9603
9604

9605
9606
9607
9608
9609
9610
9611
....
9617
9618
9619
9620
9621
9622
9623

9624
9625
9626
9627
9628
9629
9630
....
9642
9643
9644
9645
9646
9647
9648
9649
9650
9651
9652
9653
9654
9655
9656
9657
9658
....
9689
9690
9691
9692
9693
9694
9695
9696
9697
9698
9699
9700
9701
9702
9703
9704
9705
9706
9707
9708
9709
9710
9711
....
9786
9787
9788
9789
9790
9791
9792
9793
9794
9795
9796
9797
9798
9799
9800
9801
9802
9803
9804
9805
9806
9807
9808
9809
9810
....
9947
9948
9949
9950
9951
9952
9953



9954
9955
9956
9957
9958
9959
9960
....
9967
9968
9969
9970
9971
9972
9973
9974
9975
9976
9977
9978
9979
9980
9981
9982
9983
9984
9985
9986
.....
10077
10078
10079
10080
10081
10082
10083
10084
10085
10086
10087
10088
10089
10090
10091
.....
10130
10131
10132
10133
10134
10135
10136
10137








10138
10139
10140
10141
10142
10143
10144
.....
10149
10150
10151
10152
10153
10154
10155
10156
10157
10158
10159
10160
10161
10162
10163
10164
10165
10166
10167
10168
10169
10170
10171
.....
10218
10219
10220
10221
10222
10223
10224


























10225
10226
10227
10228
10229
10230
10231
.....
10239
10240
10241
10242
10243
10244
10245
10246
10247
10248
10249
10250
10251
10252
10253
.....
10773
10774
10775
10776
10777
10778
10779


10780
10781
10782
10783
10784
10785
10786
10787
10788

10789
10790
10791
10792
10793
10794
10795
.....
11066
11067
11068
11069
11070
11071
11072

11073
11074
11075

11076
11077
11078
11079
11080
11081
11082
.....
11104
11105
11106
11107
11108
11109
11110
11111
11112
11113
11114
11115
11116
11117
11118
11119
11120
11121
11122
.....
11173
11174
11175
11176
11177
11178
11179
11180
11181
11182
11183
11184
11185
11186
11187
.....
11324
11325
11326
11327
11328
11329
11330
11331
11332
11333
11334
11335
11336
11337
11338
.....
11346
11347
11348
11349
11350
11351
11352
11353
11354
11355
11356
11357
11358
11359
11360
.....
11600
11601
11602
11603
11604
11605
11606
11607
11608
11609
11610
11611
11612
11613
11614
.....
11680
11681
11682
11683
11684
11685
11686
11687
11688
11689
11690
11691
11692
11693
11694
.....
11782
11783
11784
11785
11786
11787
11788
11789
11790
11791
11792
11793
11794
11795
11796
11797
11798
11799
11800
11801
11802
11803
11804
11805










11806
11807
11808
11809
11810
11811
11812
11813
.....
11827
11828
11829
11830
11831
11832
11833
11834
11835
11836
11837
11838
11839
11840
11841
.....
11919
11920
11921
11922
11923
11924
11925
11926
11927
11928
11929
11930


11931
11932
11933





















11934
11935
11936
11937
11938
11939
11940
.....
12004
12005
12006
12007
12008
12009
12010
12011
12012
12013
12014
12015
12016
12017
12018
12019
12020
12021
12022
.....
12041
12042
12043
12044
12045
12046
12047

12048
12049
12050
12051
12052
12053
12054
.....
12078
12079
12080
12081
12082
12083
12084

12085
12086
12087
12088
12089
12090
12091
.....
12110
12111
12112
12113
12114
12115
12116
12117
12118
12119
12120
12121
12122
12123
12124
12125
12126
12127
12128
12129
12130
12131








12132
12133
12134
12135
12136
12137
12138
12139
.....
12196
12197
12198
12199
12200
12201
12202
12203
12204

12205
12206
12207
12208



12209
12210
12211
12212
12213
12214
12215
12216
12217
12218
12219
12220
12221
12222
12223
12224
12225
12226
12227
.....
12248
12249
12250
12251
12252
12253
12254
12255
12256
12257
12258
12259
12260
12261
12262
.....
12362
12363
12364
12365
12366
12367
12368
12369
12370
12371
12372
12373
12374
12375
12376
.....
12693
12694
12695
12696
12697
12698
12699
























12700
12701
12702
12703
12704
12705
12706
.....
12716
12717
12718
12719
12720
12721
12722
12723
12724
12725
12726
12727
12728
12729
12730
12731
12732
12733
12734
12735
12736
12737
12738
12739
12740
12741
12742
.....
12760
12761
12762
12763
12764
12765
12766
12767
12768
12769
12770
12771
12772
12773
12774
12775
12776
12777
12778
12779
12780
.....
12929
12930
12931
12932
12933
12934
12935
12936
12937
12938
12939
12940
12941
12942
12943
.....
13420
13421
13422
13423
13424
13425
13426


















































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































13427
13428
13429
13430
13431
13432
13433
.....
13442
13443
13444
13445
13446
13447
13448
13449
13450
13451
13452
13453
13454
13455
13456
.....
13709
13710
13711
13712
13713
13714
13715
13716
13717
13718
13719
13720
13721
13722
13723
.....
13984
13985
13986
13987
13988
13989
13990
13991
13992
13993
13994
13995
13996
13997
13998
.....
14311
14312
14313
14314
14315
14316
14317
14318
14319
14320
14321
14322
14323
14324
14325
.....
14558
14559
14560
14561
14562
14563
14564
14565
14566
14567
14568
14569
14570
14571
14572
.....
14655
14656
14657
14658
14659
14660
14661
14662
14663
14664

14665
14666
14667
14668
14669
14670
14671
14672
14673
14674
14675





14676
14677
14678
14679
14680
14681
14682
.....
14767
14768
14769
14770
14771
14772
14773


14774

14775
14776
14777
14778
14779
14780
14781
.....
14846
14847
14848
14849
14850
14851
14852

14853
14854
14855
14856
14857
14858
14859
14860
14861
14862
14863
14864

14865
14866
14867
14868
14869
14870
14871
.....
14932
14933
14934
14935
14936
14937
14938

14939
14940
14941
14942
14943
14944
14945
14946
14947

14948
14949
14950
14951
14952
14953
14954
.....
14983
14984
14985
14986
14987
14988
14989
14990
14991
14992
14993
14994
14995
14996
14997
14998







14999
15000
15001
15002
15003
15004
15005







15006
15007
15008
15009
15010
15011
15012
.....
15015
15016
15017
15018
15019
15020
15021















15022
15023
15024
15025
15026
15027
15028
.....
15047
15048
15049
15050
15051
15052
15053

15054
15055
15056
15057
15058
15059
15060
.....
15097
15098
15099
15100
15101
15102
15103
15104


15105












15106
15107
15108
15109
15110
15111
15112
15113
15114
15115
15116
15117
15118
15119
15120













15121
15122
15123

15124
15125
15126
15127
15128
15129
15130
15131
15132
15133
15134
15135
15136
15137
15138
15139
15140
15141
15142
15143
15144
15145
15146
15147
15148
15149
15150
15151
15152
15153
15154
15155
15156
15157
15158
15159
15160


15161
15162
15163
15164
15165
15166
15167
15168
15169
15170
15171
15172
15173
15174
15175
15176
15177





15178
15179


15180
15181
15182
15183
15184
15185
15186
.....
15189
15190
15191
15192
15193
15194
15195
15196
15197
15198
15199
15200
15201
15202
15203
.....
15230
15231
15232
15233
15234
15235
15236
15237
15238
15239
15240
15241
15242
15243
15244
.....
15970
15971
15972
15973
15974
15975
15976
15977
15978
15979
15980
15981
15982
15983
15984
.....
15995
15996
15997
15998
15999
16000
16001
16002
16003
16004
16005
16006
16007
16008
16009
.....
16011
16012
16013
16014
16015
16016
16017
16018
16019
16020
16021
16022
16023
16024
16025
16026
16027

16028
16029
16030
16031
16032
16033
16034
.....
16039
16040
16041
16042
16043
16044
16045

16046
16047
16048
16049
16050
16051
16052
.....
16059
16060
16061
16062
16063
16064
16065


















16066
16067
16068
16069
16070
16071
16072
.....
16156
16157
16158
16159
16160
16161
16162
16163
16164
16165
16166
16167
16168
16169
16170
.....
16277
16278
16279
16280
16281
16282
16283
16284
16285
16286
16287
16288
16289
16290
16291
.....
16319
16320
16321
16322
16323
16324
16325
16326
16327
16328
16329
16330
16331
16332
16333
.....
16549
16550
16551
16552
16553
16554
16555

16556
16557
16558
16559
16560
16561
16562
.....
16621
16622
16623
16624
16625
16626
16627
16628
16629
16630
16631
16632
16633
16634
16635
.....
16694
16695
16696
16697
16698
16699
16700
16701
16702
16703
16704
16705
16706
16707
16708
.....
16710
16711
16712
16713
16714
16715
16716
16717
16718
16719
16720
16721
16722
16723
16724
.....
16738
16739
16740
16741
16742
16743
16744
16745
16746
16747
16748
16749
16750
16751
16752
.....
16869
16870
16871
16872
16873
16874
16875











16876
16877
16878
16879
16880
16881
16882
16883
16884
16885
16886
16887
16888
16889
16890
16891
16892
16893

16894
16895
16896
16897
16898
16899
16900
.....
16983
16984
16985
16986
16987
16988
16989
16990

16991
16992
16993
16994
16995
16996
16997

16998
16999
17000
17001
17002
17003
17004
.....
17256
17257
17258
17259
17260
17261
17262
17263
17264
17265
17266
17267
17268
17269
17270
17271
17272
17273
17274
17275
17276
17277
17278








17279
17280
17281
17282
17283
17284
17285
.....
17287
17288
17289
17290
17291
17292
17293


17294


17295
17296
17297
17298
17299
17300
17301
17302
17303
17304
17305
.....
17325
17326
17327
17328
17329
17330
17331
17332
17333
17334
17335
17336
17337
17338
17339
.....
17351
17352
17353
17354
17355
17356
17357

17358
17359
17360
17361
17362
17363
17364
17365
17366
17367
17368
17369
17370
17371
17372
17373
17374
17375
17376
17377
17378
17379
.....
18193
18194
18195
18196
18197
18198
18199
18200
18201
18202
18203
18204
18205
18206
18207
.....
18771
18772
18773
18774
18775
18776
18777
18778
18779
18780
18781
18782
18783
18784
18785
.....
18834
18835
18836
18837
18838
18839
18840
18841
18842
18843
18844
18845
18846
18847
18848
.....
18905
18906
18907
18908
18909
18910
18911
18912
18913
18914
18915
18916
18917
18918
18919
.....
18946
18947
18948
18949
18950
18951
18952















18953
18954
18955
18956
18957
18958
18959
.....
19533
19534
19535
19536
19537
19538
19539
19540
19541
19542
19543
19544
19545
19546
19547
19548
19549
19550
19551
19552
19553
19554
19555
19556
19557
19558
.....
19562
19563
19564
19565
19566
19567
19568
19569
19570
19571
19572
19573
19574
19575
19576
.....
19577
19578
19579
19580
19581
19582
19583
19584
19585
19586
19587
19588
19589
19590
19591
.....
19593
19594
19595
19596
19597
19598
19599
19600
19601
19602
19603
19604
19605
19606
19607
.....
19608
19609
19610
19611
19612
19613
19614
19615
19616
19617
19618
19619
19620
19621
19622
.....
19691
19692
19693
19694
19695
19696
19697
























19698
19699
19700
19701
19702
19703
19704
.....
19758
19759
19760
19761
19762
19763
19764

19765

19766
19767
19768
19769
19770
19771
19772
19773
19774
.....
19792
19793
19794
19795
19796
19797
19798
19799
19800
19801
19802
19803
19804
19805
19806
.....
19865
19866
19867
19868
19869
19870
19871
19872
19873
19874
19875
19876
19877
19878
19879
19880
19881
19882
19883
19884
19885
19886
19887
19888
19889
19890
19891
19892
19893
19894
19895
19896
19897
19898
19899
19900
19901
.....
20064
20065
20066
20067
20068
20069
20070
20071
20072
20073
20074
20075
20076
20077
20078
20079
.....
20088
20089
20090
20091
20092
20093
20094

20095
20096
20097
20098
20099
20100
20101
.....
20113
20114
20115
20116
20117
20118
20119
20120
20121
20122
20123
20124
20125
20126
20127
.....
20237
20238
20239
20240
20241
20242
20243
20244
20245
20246
20247
20248
20249
20250
20251
.....
20308
20309
20310
20311
20312
20313
20314
20315
20316
20317
20318
20319
20320
20321
20322
.....
20349
20350
20351
20352
20353
20354
20355















20356
20357
20358
20359
20360
20361
20362
.....
20626
20627
20628
20629
20630
20631
20632

20633
20634
20635
20636
20637
20638
20639
.....
20651
20652
20653
20654
20655
20656
20657

20658
20659
20660
20661
20662
20663


20664
20665
20666


20667
20668
20669
20670
20671
20672
20673
.....
20677
20678
20679
20680
20681
20682
20683
20684
20685
20686
20687
20688
20689
20690
20691
20692
20693
.....
20838
20839
20840
20841
20842
20843
20844
20845










20846
20847
20848
20849
20850
20851
20852
20853
20854
20855
20856
20857
20858










20859
20860
20861
20862
20863
20864
20865
20866
.....
20965
20966
20967
20968
20969
20970
20971


















20972
20973
20974
20975
20976
20977
20978
20979
20980
20981
20982
20983
20984
20985



20986
20987
20988
20989
20990
20991
20992
20993
20994
20995
20996
20997
20998
20999
21000
21001
21002
21003
21004
21005
21006
21007
21008
21009



21010
21011
21012
21013
21014
21015
21016
21017
21018
21019
21020
21021
21022
21023
21024
21025
21026
21027
21028
21029
21030
21031
21032
21033
21034
21035
21036
21037
.....
21387
21388
21389
21390
21391
21392
21393










21394
21395
21396
21397
21398
21399
21400
.....
21739
21740
21741
21742
21743
21744
21745
21746
21747
21748
21749
21750
21751
21752
21753
.....
21788
21789
21790
21791
21792
21793
21794
21795
21796
21797
21798
21799
21800
21801
21802
.....
22285
22286
22287
22288
22289
22290
22291
22292
22293
22294
22295
22296
22297
22298
22299
.....
22312
22313
22314
22315
22316
22317
22318
22319
22320
22321
22322
22323
22324
22325
22326
22327
.....
22362
22363
22364
22365
22366
22367
22368
22369

22370




22371
22372
22373
22374
22375
22376
22377
.....
22386
22387
22388
22389
22390
22391
22392

22393
22394
22395
22396
22397
22398
22399
22400

22401
22402
22403




22404
22405
22406
22407
22408
22409
22410
22411
22412
22413
22414
22415
22416
22417
22418
22419
22420
22421
22422
22423
22424
22425
.....
22595
22596
22597
22598
22599
22600
22601

22602
22603
22604
22605
22606
22607
22608
.....
22690
22691
22692
22693
22694
22695
22696

22697
22698
22699
22700
22701
22702
22703
22704
.....
23024
23025
23026
23027
23028
23029
23030
23031
23032
23033
23034
23035
23036
23037
23038
.....
23092
23093
23094
23095
23096
23097
23098
23099
23100
23101
23102
23103
23104
23105
23106
.....
23163
23164
23165
23166
23167
23168
23169
23170
23171
23172
23173
23174
23175
23176
23177
.....
23204
23205
23206
23207
23208
23209
23210















23211
23212
23213
23214
23215
23216
23217
.....
24310
24311
24312
24313
24314
24315
24316
24317
24318
24319
24320
24321
24322
24323
24324
.....
24350
24351
24352
24353
24354
24355
24356






























24357
24358
24359
24360
24361
24362
24363
.....
24431
24432
24433
24434
24435
24436
24437
24438
24439
24440
24441
24442
24443
24444
24445
24446
24447
24448
24449
24450
24451
24452
24453
24454
24455
24456
.....
24489
24490
24491
24492
24493
24494
24495
24496
24497
24498
24499
24500
24501
24502
24503
24504
24505
24506
24507
24508
24509

24510
24511
24512
24513
24514
24515
24516
24517
24518
24519
24520
24521
24522
24523
24524
24525
24526
24527
24528
24529
24530
24531

24532
24533
24534
24535
24536
24537
24538
24539
.....
24546
24547
24548
24549
24550
24551
24552
24553
24554
24555
24556
24557
24558
24559
24560
24561
24562
24563
24564
24565
24566
24567
24568
24569
24570
.....
24650
24651
24652
24653
24654
24655
24656
24657
24658
24659
24660
24661
24662
24663
24664
24665
24666
24667
24668
24669
24670
24671
24672
24673
24674
24675
24676
24677
24678
24679
24680
24681
24682
24683
24684
24685
24686
24687
24688
24689
24690
24691
.....
24761
24762
24763
24764
24765
24766
24767

24768


24769
24770
24771
24772
24773
24774
24775
24776
24777
24778
24779
24780
24781





















24782

24783








24784
24785
24786
24787
24788
24789
24790
.....
24849
24850
24851
24852
24853
24854
24855
24856
24857
24858
24859
24860
24861
24862
24863
.....
25162
25163
25164
25165
25166
25167
25168
25169
25170
25171
25172
25173
25174
25175
25176
.....
26037
26038
26039
26040
26041
26042
26043
26044
26045
26046
26047
26048
26049
26050
26051
.....
26065
26066
26067
26068
26069
26070
26071
26072
26073
26074
26075
26076
26077
26078
26079
26080
.....
26989
26990
26991
26992
26993
26994
26995
26996
26997
26998
26999
27000
27001
27002
27003
.....
27072
27073
27074
27075
27076
27077
27078
27079
27080
27081
27082
27083
27084
27085
27086
.....
28285
28286
28287
28288
28289
28290
28291
28292
28293

28294
28295
28296
28297
28298
28299
28300
28301
28302
28303
28304
28305
28306
28307
28308

28309

28310
28311
28312
28313
28314
28315
28316
28317
28318
28319
28320
28321
28322
28323
28324
.....
28576
28577
28578
28579
28580
28581
28582
28583
28584
28585
28586
28587
28588
28589
28590
28591
28592
28593
28594
28595
28596
28597
28598
28599
28600
28601
28602
28603
28604
28605
28606
28607
28608

28609
28610
28611
28612
28613
28614
28615
28616
28617
28618
28619
28620
28621
28622
28623
28624
28625
28626
28627

28628
28629
28630
28631
28632
28633
28634
.....
28647
28648
28649
28650
28651
28652
28653
28654
28655
28656
28657
28658
28659
28660
28661
.....
29718
29719
29720
29721
29722
29723
29724



29725
29726
29727
29728
29729
29730
29731
.....
29736
29737
29738
29739
29740
29741
29742

29743
29744
29745
29746

29747
29748
29749
29750
29751
29752
29753
.....
30325
30326
30327
30328
30329
30330
30331





30332
30333
30334
30335
30336
30337
30338
30339
30340
30341
30342
30343
30344
30345








30346
30347
30348
30349
30350
30351
30352
30353
.....
30386
30387
30388
30389
30390
30391
30392
30393
30394

30395
30396
30397
30398
30399
30400
30401
.....
30509
30510
30511
30512
30513
30514
30515
30516
30517
30518
30519
30520
30521
30522
30523
.....
30529
30530
30531
30532
30533
30534
30535
30536
30537
30538
30539
30540
30541
30542
30543
.....
30790
30791
30792
30793
30794
30795
30796
30797
30798
30799
30800
30801
30802
30803
30804
30805
30806
30807

30808
30809
30810
30811
30812
30813
30814
.....
31043
31044
31045
31046
31047
31048
31049
31050
31051
31052
31053
31054
31055
31056
31057
.....
31117
31118
31119
31120
31121
31122
31123

31124
31125
31126
31127
31128
31129
31130
.....
31454
31455
31456
31457
31458
31459
31460
31461
31462
31463
31464
31465
31466
31467
31468
.....
31902
31903
31904
31905
31906
31907
31908
31909
31910
31911
31912
31913
31914
31915
31916
.....
31941
31942
31943
31944
31945
31946
31947
31948
31949
31950
31951
31952
31953
31954
31955
31956
31957
31958




31959
31960
31961
31962
31963
31964
31965
31966
31967
31968
31969
31970
31971
31972
31973
31974
31975
.....
32008
32009
32010
32011
32012
32013
32014

32015
32016
32017
32018
32019

32020
32021
32022
32023
32024
32025
32026
32027
32028
32029
32030
32031
32032
32033
32034
32035

32036
32037
32038
32039
32040
32041
32042
32043
32044
32045
32046
.....
32315
32316
32317
32318
32319
32320
32321








32322
32323
32324
32325
32326
32327
32328
32329
32330
32331
32332

32333
32334
32335
32336
32337

32338
32339
32340


32341
32342

32343
32344
32345
32346
32347
32348
32349
.....
32363
32364
32365
32366
32367
32368
32369
32370
32371
32372
32373
32374
32375
32376
32377
32378
32379
.....
32385
32386
32387
32388
32389
32390
32391
32392


32393
32394
32395
32396
32397
32398
32399
.....
32425
32426
32427
32428
32429
32430
32431

32432









32433
32434
32435
32436
32437
32438


32439
32440
32441
32442
32443
32444
32445
.....
32452
32453
32454
32455
32456
32457
32458
32459
32460
32461
32462
32463
32464
32465
32466
32467
32468
32469


32470
32471
32472
32473
32474
32475
32476
.....
33435
33436
33437
33438
33439
33440
33441












33442
33443
33444
33445
33446
33447
33448
.....
33556
33557
33558
33559
33560
33561
33562
33563

33564
33565
33566
33567
33568
33569
33570
.....
33571
33572
33573
33574
33575
33576
33577
33578
33579
33580
33581
33582
33583
33584
33585
.....
33623
33624
33625
33626
33627
33628
33629
33630
33631
33632
33633
33634
33635
33636
33637
33638
33639
33640
33641
33642
33643
.....
33721
33722
33723
33724
33725
33726
33727
33728
33729
33730
33731
33732
33733
33734
33735
.....
35200
35201
35202
35203
35204
35205
35206
35207
35208
35209
35210
35211
35212
35213
35214
.....
35327
35328
35329
35330
35331
35332
35333
35334
35335
35336
35337
35338
35339
35340
35341
.....
35394
35395
35396
35397
35398
35399
35400
35401
35402
35403
35404
35405
35406
35407
35408
.....
35698
35699
35700
35701
35702
35703
35704
35705
35706
35707
35708
35709
35710
35711
35712
35713
35714
35715
35716
35717
35718
35719
35720
.....
35936
35937
35938
35939
35940
35941
35942

35943
35944
35945
35946
35947




35948
35949






35950
35951
35952
35953
35954
35955
35956
.....
35965
35966
35967
35968
35969
35970
35971
35972
35973
35974
35975















35976

35977
35978
35979
35980
35981
35982
35983
.....
35984
35985
35986
35987
35988
35989
35990



35991
35992
35993
35994
35995
35996
35997
35998



35999
36000
36001
36002
36003
36004
36005
36006
36007

36008
36009
36010
36011
36012
36013
36014
.....
36271
36272
36273
36274
36275
36276
36277
36278
36279
36280
36281
36282
36283
36284
36285
36286
36287
36288
36289
36290
36291
36292
36293
36294
36295
36296
36297
36298
36299
36300
.....
36358
36359
36360
36361
36362
36363
36364
36365
36366
36367
36368
36369
36370
36371
36372
36373
36374
.....
36389
36390
36391
36392
36393
36394
36395
36396
36397
36398
36399
36400
36401

36402
36403
36404
36405
36406
36407
36408
.....
36496
36497
36498
36499
36500
36501
36502
36503
36504
36505
36506
36507
36508
36509
36510
36511
36512
36513
36514
.....
36538
36539
36540
36541
36542
36543
36544
36545
36546
36547
36548
36549
36550
36551
36552
36553
36554
36555
36556
36557
36558
36559
36560
36561
36562
36563
36564
36565
36566
36567
36568
36569
36570
36571
.....
36579
36580
36581
36582
36583
36584
36585
36586
36587
36588
36589
36590
36591
36592
36593
36594
36595
36596
36597
.....
36765
36766
36767
36768
36769
36770
36771
36772
36773
36774
36775
36776
36777
36778
36779
36780
36781
36782



36783
36784
36785
36786
36787
36788
36789
36790
36791
36792
36793
36794
36795
36796
.....
36800
36801
36802
36803
36804
36805
36806








36807
36808
36809
36810
36811
36812
36813
.....
36836
36837
36838
36839
36840
36841
36842
36843
36844
36845
36846
36847
36848
36849
36850
36851
36852
36853
36854
36855
36856
36857








36858
36859
36860
36861
36862

36863






36864
36865
36866
36867
36868
36869
36870
.....
36871
36872
36873
36874
36875
36876
36877
36878
36879
36880
36881
36882
36883
36884
36885
36886
36887
36888
.....
36982
36983
36984
36985
36986
36987
36988
36989
36990
36991
36992
36993
36994
36995
36996
36997
36998
36999
37000
37001
37002
37003
37004
37005
37006
37007
37008
.....
37049
37050
37051
37052
37053
37054
37055
37056
37057
37058
37059
37060
37061
37062
37063
37064
37065
37066

37067
37068

37069

37070
37071
37072
37073
37074
37075
37076
.....
37215
37216
37217
37218
37219
37220
37221
37222
37223
37224
37225
37226
37227
37228
37229
.....
37331
37332
37333
37334
37335
37336
37337
37338
37339
37340
37341
37342
37343
37344
37345
.....
37474
37475
37476
37477
37478
37479
37480
37481
37482
37483
37484
37485
37486
37487
37488
.....
37682
37683
37684
37685
37686
37687
37688
37689
37690
37691
37692
37693
37694
37695
37696
.....
37869
37870
37871
37872
37873
37874
37875



37876
37877
37878
37879
37880
37881
37882
.....
38112
38113
38114
38115
38116
38117
38118
38119


38120
38121
38122
38123
38124
38125
38126
.....
38168
38169
38170
38171
38172
38173
38174
38175
38176
38177
38178
38179
38180
38181
38182
38183
38184
38185
.....
38190
38191
38192
38193
38194
38195
38196

38197
38198

38199
38200
38201
38202
38203
38204

38205
38206
38207
38208
38209
38210
38211
.....
38214
38215
38216
38217
38218
38219
38220
38221
38222
38223
38224
38225
38226
38227
38228
38229
.....
38277
38278
38279
38280
38281
38282
38283





38284
38285
38286
38287
38288
38289
38290
.....
38702
38703
38704
38705
38706
38707
38708
38709
38710
38711
38712
38713
38714
38715
38716
.....
38721
38722
38723
38724
38725
38726
38727
38728
38729
38730
38731
38732
38733
38734
38735
38736
38737
38738
38739
38740
38741
38742
38743
38744
38745
38746
38747

38748
38749
38750
38751
38752
38753
38754
38755
38756
38757
38758
38759

38760
38761
38762
38763
38764
38765
38766
38767
38768
38769
38770
38771
.....
38789
38790
38791
38792
38793
38794
38795
38796
38797
38798
38799
38800
38801
38802
38803
.....
38810
38811
38812
38813
38814
38815
38816
38817
38818
38819
38820
38821
38822
38823
38824
38825
38826
.....
38834
38835
38836
38837
38838
38839
38840
38841
38842
38843
38844
38845
38846
38847
38848
.....
38899
38900
38901
38902
38903
38904
38905
38906
38907
38908
38909
38910
38911
38912
38913
38914
38915
38916
38917
38918
38919
38920
38921
.....
38926
38927
38928
38929
38930
38931
38932
38933



38934
38935
38936
38937
38938
38939
38940
38941
38942
38943
38944
.....
38976
38977
38978
38979
38980
38981
38982
38983
38984
38985
38986
38987
38988
38989
38990
38991
38992
38993
38994
38995
38996
38997
38998
38999
.....
39071
39072
39073
39074
39075
39076
39077
39078
39079
39080
39081
39082
39083
39084
39085
.....
39102
39103
39104
39105
39106
39107
39108
39109
39110
39111
39112
39113
39114
39115
39116
.....
39447
39448
39449
39450
39451
39452
39453




39454
39455
39456
39457
39458
39459
39460
.....
39782
39783
39784
39785
39786
39787
39788
39789
39790
39791
39792
39793
39794
39795
39796
39797
39798
39799
39800
.....
39809
39810
39811
39812
39813
39814
39815
39816
39817
39818
39819
39820
39821
39822
39823
39824
39825
39826
39827
39828
39829
39830
39831
39832
.....
39843
39844
39845
39846
39847
39848
39849
39850
39851
39852
39853
39854
39855
39856
39857
.....
39880
39881
39882
39883
39884
39885
39886
39887
39888
39889
39890
39891
39892
39893
39894
.....
40165
40166
40167
40168
40169
40170
40171
40172
40173
40174
40175
40176
40177
40178
40179
.....
40295
40296
40297
40298
40299
40300
40301
40302
40303
40304
40305
40306
40307
40308
40309
40310
40311
40312
40313
40314
40315
40316
40317
40318
40319
40320
40321
40322
40323
40324
40325
40326
40327
40328
40329
40330
40331
40332
40333
40334
40335
40336
40337
40338
40339
.....
40343
40344
40345
40346
40347
40348
40349

40350
40351
40352
40353
40354
40355
40356
40357
40358
.....
40379
40380
40381
40382
40383
40384
40385

40386

40387
40388
40389
40390
40391
40392
40393
40394
40395
40396
40397
40398
40399
40400
40401
40402
40403
40404
40405
40406
40407
.....
40451
40452
40453
40454
40455
40456
40457
40458
40459
40460
40461
40462
40463
40464
40465
40466
40467
40468
40469
40470
40471
40472
40473
40474
40475
40476
40477
40478
.....
40619
40620
40621
40622
40623
40624
40625
40626
40627
40628
40629
40630
40631
40632
40633
40634
40635
40636
40637
40638
40639
40640
40641
40642
40643
.....
40646
40647
40648
40649
40650
40651
40652
40653
40654
40655
40656
40657
40658
40659
40660
.....
40684
40685
40686
40687
40688
40689
40690
40691
40692
40693
40694
40695
40696
40697
40698
.....
40965
40966
40967
40968
40969
40970
40971
40972
40973
40974
40975
40976
40977
40978
40979
40980
40981
40982
40983
.....
40995
40996
40997
40998
40999
41000
41001
41002
41003

41004
41005
41006
41007
41008
41009
41010
41011
41012
41013
41014
41015
41016
41017
41018
41019
41020
41021
41022
41023
41024
41025
41026
41027
41028
41029
41030
41031
41032

41033
41034
41035
41036
41037
41038
41039
41040
41041
41042
41043
41044
41045
.....
41048
41049
41050
41051
41052
41053
41054
41055
41056
41057
41058
41059
41060
41061
41062
.....
41077
41078
41079
41080
41081
41082
41083
41084
41085
41086
41087
41088
41089
41090
41091
41092
41093
41094
41095
41096
41097
41098
41099
41100
41101
41102
41103
.....
41168
41169
41170
41171
41172
41173
41174
41175
41176
41177
41178
41179
41180
41181
41182
.....
41184
41185
41186
41187
41188
41189
41190
41191
41192
41193
41194
41195
41196
41197
41198
.....
41208
41209
41210
41211
41212
41213
41214
41215
41216
41217
41218
41219
41220
41221
41222
.....
41223
41224
41225
41226
41227
41228
41229
41230
41231
41232
41233
41234
41235
41236
41237
.....
41245
41246
41247
41248
41249
41250
41251
41252
41253
41254
41255
41256
41257
41258
41259
41260
41261
41262
41263
41264
41265
41266
41267
41268
.....
41453
41454
41455
41456
41457
41458
41459
41460
41461
41462
41463
41464
41465
41466
41467
.....
41496
41497
41498
41499
41500
41501
41502
41503
41504
41505
41506
41507
41508
41509
41510
.....
41557
41558
41559
41560
41561
41562
41563
41564
41565
41566
41567
41568
41569
41570
41571
.....
41576
41577
41578
41579
41580
41581
41582
41583
41584

41585
41586
41587
41588
41589
41590
41591
41592
41593
41594
41595
41596
41597

41598
41599
41600
41601
41602
41603
41604
41605
41606
41607
41608
41609
41610
.....
41623
41624
41625
41626
41627
41628
41629
41630
41631
41632
41633
41634
41635
41636
41637
41638
41639
41640
41641
41642
41643
41644
41645
41646
41647
41648
41649
41650
41651
41652
41653
.....
41668
41669
41670
41671
41672
41673
41674


41675
41676

41677
41678
41679
41680
41681
41682
41683
41684
41685
41686
41687
41688
41689
41690
41691
41692
41693
41694
41695
41696
41697
41698
41699
41700
41701
41702
41703
41704
41705
41706
41707
41708
41709
41710
41711
41712
.....
41744
41745
41746
41747
41748
41749
41750
41751
41752
41753
41754
41755
41756
41757
41758
41759
41760
.....
42068
42069
42070
42071
42072
42073
42074
42075

42076
42077
42078
42079
42080
42081
42082
.....
42088
42089
42090
42091
42092
42093
42094
42095
42096
42097
42098
42099
42100
42101
42102
42103
42104
42105
42106
42107
42108
42109
42110
42111
42112
42113
42114
42115
42116
.....
42121
42122
42123
42124
42125
42126
42127
42128
42129
42130
42131
42132
42133
42134
42135
.....
42216
42217
42218
42219
42220
42221
42222
42223
42224
42225
42226
42227



42228
42229

42230
42231
42232
42233
42234
42235
42236
.....
42291
42292
42293
42294
42295
42296
42297
42298

42299
42300
42301
42302
42303
42304
42305
42306
42307
42308
42309
.....
42372
42373
42374
42375
42376
42377
42378
42379
42380
42381
42382
42383
42384
42385
42386
.....
42585
42586
42587
42588
42589
42590
42591
42592
42593
42594
42595
42596
42597
42598
42599
.....
42792
42793
42794
42795
42796
42797
42798
42799
42800
42801
42802
42803
42804
42805
42806
42807
42808
.....
42854
42855
42856
42857
42858
42859
42860

42861
42862
42863
42864
42865
42866
42867

42868
42869
42870
42871
42872
42873
42874
42875
.....
42911
42912
42913
42914
42915
42916
42917
42918
42919
42920
42921
42922
42923
42924
42925
.....
43679
43680
43681
43682
43683
43684
43685
43686
43687
43688
43689
43690
43691
43692
43693
.....
44120
44121
44122
44123
44124
44125
44126
44127
44128
44129
44130
44131
44132
44133
44134
.....
44161
44162
44163
44164
44165
44166
44167















44168
44169
44170
44171
44172
44173
44174
.....
44599
44600
44601
44602
44603
44604
44605
44606
44607
44608
44609
44610
44611
44612
44613
44614
44615
44616
44617
44618
.....
44888
44889
44890
44891
44892
44893
44894


44895
44896
44897
44898
44899
44900
44901
.....
45864
45865
45866
45867
45868
45869
45870
45871
45872
45873
45874
45875
45876
45877
45878
45879
45880
45881
45882
45883
45884
45885
45886
45887
45888
.....
46314
46315
46316
46317
46318
46319
46320
46321
46322
46323
46324
46325
46326
46327
46328
.....
46845
46846
46847
46848
46849
46850
46851






46852

46853
46854
46855
46856
46857
46858
46859
.....
47172
47173
47174
47175
47176
47177
47178
47179
47180
47181
47182
47183
47184
47185
47186
.....
47851
47852
47853
47854
47855
47856
47857
47858
47859
47860
47861
47862
47863
47864
47865
.....
47943
47944
47945
47946
47947
47948
47949
47950
47951
47952
47953
47954
47955
47956
47957
.....
47958
47959
47960
47961
47962
47963
47964

47965
47966
47967
47968


47969
47970
47971
47972
47973
47974
47975
47976
47977
47978
47979
47980
47981
47982
47983

47984
47985
47986
47987
47988
47989
47990
.....
48024
48025
48026
48027
48028
48029
48030
48031
48032
48033
48034
48035
48036
48037
48038
.....
48278
48279
48280
48281
48282
48283
48284
48285
48286




48287
48288

48289





48290
48291
48292
48293
48294
48295
48296
.....
48330
48331
48332
48333
48334
48335
48336



48337
48338
48339
48340
48341
48342
48343
.....
48374
48375
48376
48377
48378
48379
48380


48381
48382
48383
48384
48385
48386


48387
48388
48389
48390
48391
48392
48393
.....
48397
48398
48399
48400
48401
48402
48403

48404
48405
48406




48407
48408
48409
48410
48411
48412
48413
48414
48415
.....
48422
48423
48424
48425
48426
48427
48428

48429
48430
48431
48432
48433
48434
48435
48436
48437

48438
48439
48440



48441
48442
48443
48444
48445
48446
48447
.....
48449
48450
48451
48452
48453
48454
48455

48456
48457
48458
48459
48460
48461
48462
48463
48464
48465
48466
48467
48468

48469
48470
48471
48472
48473
48474
48475
48476
48477
48478
48479
48480
48481



48482
48483
48484
48485
48486
48487
48488
.....
48503
48504
48505
48506
48507
48508
48509

48510
48511
48512
48513
48514
48515
48516
48517
48518

48519
48520
48521
48522
48523
48524
48525
48526
48527

48528
48529
48530




48531
48532
48533
48534
48535
48536
48537
.....
48555
48556
48557
48558
48559
48560
48561



48562
48563
48564
48565
48566
48567
48568
.....
48607
48608
48609
48610
48611
48612
48613



48614
48615
48616
48617
48618
48619
48620
.....
48794
48795
48796
48797
48798
48799
48800
48801
48802
48803
48804
48805
48806
48807
48808
.....
48897
48898
48899
48900
48901
48902
48903
48904
48905
48906
48907
48908
48909
48910
48911
.....
49009
49010
49011
49012
49013
49014
49015
49016
49017
49018
49019
49020
49021
49022
49023
.....
49048
49049
49050
49051
49052
49053
49054
49055
49056
49057
49058
49059
49060
49061
49062
.....
49141
49142
49143
49144
49145
49146
49147
49148
49149
49150
49151
49152
49153
49154
49155
.....
49384
49385
49386
49387
49388
49389
49390
49391
49392
49393
49394
49395
49396
49397
49398
.....
49426
49427
49428
49429
49430
49431
49432

49433
49434
49435
49436
49437
49438
49439
49440
49441
49442
49443
49444
49445
49446
49447
49448
.....
49737
49738
49739
49740
49741
49742
49743
49744
49745
49746
49747
49748
49749
49750
49751
49752
.....
49835
49836
49837
49838
49839
49840
49841
49842
49843
49844
49845
49846
49847
49848
49849
49850
49851
49852
49853

49854
49855
49856
49857
49858
49859
49860
49861
49862
49863
49864
.....
49948
49949
49950
49951
49952
49953
49954
49955
49956
49957
49958
49959
49960
49961
49962
49963
49964
49965
49966
49967
49968
49969
49970
.....
50007
50008
50009
50010
50011
50012
50013
50014
50015
50016
50017
50018
50019
50020
50021
.....
50027
50028
50029
50030
50031
50032
50033
50034
50035
50036
50037
50038
50039
50040
50041
.....
50098
50099
50100
50101
50102
50103
50104
50105
50106
50107
50108
50109
50110
50111
50112
.....
50184
50185
50186
50187
50188
50189
50190
50191
50192
50193
50194
50195
50196
50197
50198
50199
.....
50209
50210
50211
50212
50213
50214
50215
50216
50217
50218
50219
50220
50221
50222
50223
50224
50225
50226
50227
50228
50229
50230
50231
50232
50233
50234
.....
50634
50635
50636
50637
50638
50639
50640
50641
50642
50643
50644
50645
50646
50647
50648
50649
50650
50651
50652
50653
50654
50655
50656
50657
50658
50659
.....
50673
50674
50675
50676
50677
50678
50679
50680
50681
50682
50683
50684
50685
50686
50687
.....
50713
50714
50715
50716
50717
50718
50719
50720
50721
50722
50723
50724
50725
50726
50727
50728
50729
50730
50731
50732
50733
50734
50735
.....
51336
51337
51338
51339
51340
51341
51342
51343
51344
51345
51346
51347
51348
51349
51350
.....
52969
52970
52971
52972
52973
52974
52975
52976
52977
52978
52979
52980
52981
52982
52983
.....
53035
53036
53037
53038
53039
53040
53041
53042
53043
53044
53045
53046
53047
53048
53049
.....
53110
53111
53112
53113
53114
53115
53116
53117
53118
53119
53120
53121
53122
53123
53124
.....
53153
53154
53155
53156
53157
53158
53159
53160
53161
53162
53163
53164
53165
53166
53167
.....
53364
53365
53366
53367
53368
53369
53370
53371
53372
53373
53374
53375
53376
53377
53378
53379
53380
53381
53382
53383
53384
53385
53386
53387
.....
53473
53474
53475
53476
53477
53478
53479
53480
53481
53482
53483
53484
53485
53486
53487
.....
53540
53541
53542
53543
53544
53545
53546

53547
53548
53549
53550
53551
53552
53553
.....
53569
53570
53571
53572
53573
53574
53575
53576
53577
53578
53579
53580
53581
53582
53583
.....
53589
53590
53591
53592
53593
53594
53595
53596
53597
53598
53599
53600
53601
53602
53603
.....
53893
53894
53895
53896
53897
53898
53899
53900
53901
53902
53903
53904
53905
53906
53907
53908
53909
53910
53911
53912
53913
53914
53915
53916
53917
53918
53919
53920
53921
.....
53994
53995
53996
53997
53998
53999
54000
54001
54002
54003
54004
54005
54006
54007
54008
.....
54016
54017
54018
54019
54020
54021
54022
54023
54024
54025
54026
54027
54028
54029
54030
.....
54218
54219
54220
54221
54222
54223
54224
54225
54226
54227
54228
54229
54230
54231
54232
.....
54309
54310
54311
54312
54313
54314
54315
54316
54317
54318
54319
54320
54321
54322
54323
.....
54349
54350
54351
54352
54353
54354
54355
54356
54357
54358
54359
54360
54361
54362
54363
54364
54365
.....
54545
54546
54547
54548
54549
54550
54551
54552
54553
54554
54555
54556
54557
54558
54559
.....
54789
54790
54791
54792
54793
54794
54795
54796
54797
54798
54799
54800
54801
54802
54803
.....
54902
54903
54904
54905
54906
54907
54908
54909
54910
54911
54912
54913
54914
54915
54916
54917
54918
54919
54920
54921
.....
55004
55005
55006
55007
55008
55009
55010

55011
55012
55013
55014
55015
55016
55017
55018
55019
55020
55021
55022
55023
55024
55025
55026
55027
55028
55029
55030
55031
55032
55033
55034
55035
.....
55123
55124
55125
55126
55127
55128
55129

55130
55131
55132
55133
55134
55135
55136
55137
55138
.....
55218
55219
55220
55221
55222
55223
55224
55225
55226
55227
55228
55229
55230
55231
55232
55233
55234
55235
55236
55237
55238
55239
55240
55241
55242
55243
55244
55245
.....
55249
55250
55251
55252
55253
55254
55255

55256
55257
55258
55259
55260
55261
55262
55263
55264
55265
55266
55267
55268
55269
55270
55271
.....
55276
55277
55278
55279
55280
55281
55282

55283
55284

55285
55286
55287
55288
55289
55290
55291
.....
55302
55303
55304
55305
55306
55307
55308
55309
55310
55311
55312
55313
55314
55315
55316
55317
55318
55319
55320
55321
55322
55323
55324
55325
55326
55327
55328
55329
55330
.....
55406
55407
55408
55409
55410
55411
55412
55413
55414
55415
55416
55417
55418
55419
55420
.....
55597
55598
55599
55600
55601
55602
55603

55604
55605
55606
55607
55608
55609
55610
.....
55676
55677
55678
55679
55680
55681
55682
55683
55684
55685
55686
55687
55688
55689
55690
.....
55719
55720
55721
55722
55723
55724
55725
55726
55727
55728
55729
55730
55731
55732
55733
55734
55735
55736
55737
55738
55739
55740
55741
.....
55834
55835
55836
55837
55838
55839
55840

55841
55842
55843
55844
55845

55846
55847
55848
55849
55850
55851
55852
55853
55854
.....
55857
55858
55859
55860
55861
55862
55863

55864
55865
55866
55867
55868
55869
55870
55871
55872
55873
55874
55875
55876
55877
55878
55879
55880
55881
55882
55883
55884
55885
55886
.....
55945
55946
55947
55948
55949
55950
55951
55952
55953
55954
55955
55956
55957
55958
55959
55960
55961
55962

55963
55964
55965
55966
55967
55968
55969
55970
55971
55972
55973
55974
55975
55976
55977
55978
55979
55980
55981
55982
55983
55984

55985
55986
55987
55988
55989
55990
55991
55992
55993
55994
55995
55996
.....
56000
56001
56002
56003
56004
56005
56006
56007
56008
56009
56010
56011
56012
56013
56014
.....
56287
56288
56289
56290
56291
56292
56293

56294
56295
56296
56297
56298
56299
56300
.....
56333
56334
56335
56336
56337
56338
56339
56340
56341
56342
56343
56344
56345
56346
56347
.....
56423
56424
56425
56426
56427
56428
56429
56430
56431
56432
56433
56434
56435
56436
56437
56438
56439
56440
56441
56442
56443
56444
56445
56446
56447
56448
56449
56450
56451
56452
56453
56454
56455
56456
56457
56458
56459
56460
56461
.....
56554
56555
56556
56557
56558
56559
56560
56561
56562
56563
56564
56565
56566
56567
56568
.....
56870
56871
56872
56873
56874
56875
56876
56877
56878
56879
56880
56881
56882
56883
56884
.....
56905
56906
56907
56908
56909
56910
56911

56912
56913

56914
56915
56916
56917
56918
56919
56920
.....
56932
56933
56934
56935
56936
56937
56938
56939
56940
56941
56942
56943
56944
56945
56946
.....
56986
56987
56988
56989
56990
56991
56992
56993
56994
56995
56996
56997
56998
56999
57000
57001
57002
57003
.....
57476
57477
57478
57479
57480
57481
57482
57483
57484
57485
57486
57487
57488
57489
57490
.....
57516
57517
57518
57519
57520
57521
57522
57523
57524
57525
57526
57527
57528
57529
57530
57531
57532
.....
57647
57648
57649
57650
57651
57652
57653
57654
57655
57656
57657
57658
57659
57660
57661
.....
57717
57718
57719
57720
57721
57722
57723
57724
57725
57726
57727
57728
57729
57730
57731
57732
57733
57734
57735
57736
57737
57738
57739
57740
57741
57742
57743
57744
57745
57746
57747
57748
.....
57793
57794
57795
57796
57797
57798
57799
57800
57801
57802
57803
57804
57805
57806
57807
.....
57837
57838
57839
57840
57841
57842
57843
57844
57845
57846
57847
57848
57849
57850
57851
57852
57853
57854
57855
57856
57857
57858
57859
57860
57861
57862
57863
57864
.....
57883
57884
57885
57886
57887
57888
57889
57890
57891
57892
57893
57894
57895
57896
57897
57898
57899
.....
58190
58191
58192
58193
58194
58195
58196
58197
58198
58199
58200
58201
58202
58203
58204
58205
58206
58207
58208
58209
58210
58211
58212
58213
58214
58215
58216
58217
58218
58219
58220
58221
58222
.....
58223
58224
58225
58226
58227
58228
58229
58230
58231
58232
58233
58234
58235
58236
58237
58238

58239
58240
58241
58242
58243
58244
58245
58246
.....
58248
58249
58250
58251
58252
58253
58254
58255
58256
58257
58258
58259
58260
58261
58262
.....
58271
58272
58273
58274
58275
58276
58277
58278
58279
58280
58281
58282
58283
58284
58285
.....
58287
58288
58289
58290
58291
58292
58293
58294
58295
58296
58297
58298
58299
58300
58301
.....
58439
58440
58441
58442
58443
58444
58445
58446
58447
58448
58449
58450
58451
58452
58453
.....
58569
58570
58571
58572
58573
58574
58575
58576
58577
58578
58579
58580
58581
58582
58583
58584
58585
58586
58587
58588
58589
58590
58591
58592
58593
58594
58595
58596
.....
58600
58601
58602
58603
58604
58605
58606
58607
58608
58609
58610
58611
58612
58613
58614
.....
58652
58653
58654
58655
58656
58657
58658
58659
58660
58661
58662
58663
58664
58665
58666
.....
58746
58747
58748
58749
58750
58751
58752
58753
58754
58755
58756
58757
58758
58759
58760
.....
59054
59055
59056
59057
59058
59059
59060
59061
59062
59063
59064
59065
59066
59067
59068
59069
.....
59202
59203
59204
59205
59206
59207
59208
59209
59210
59211
59212
59213
59214
59215
59216
.....
60013
60014
60015
60016
60017
60018
60019
60020
60021
60022
60023
60024
60025
60026
60027
60028
60029
60030
60031
60032
60033
60034
.....
60595
60596
60597
60598
60599
60600
60601
60602
60603
60604
60605
60606
60607
60608
60609
.....
60627
60628
60629
60630
60631
60632
60633
60634
60635

60636
60637
60638
60639
60640
60641
60642
.....
60668
60669
60670
60671
60672
60673
60674
60675
60676

60677
60678
60679
60680
60681
60682
60683
.....
61576
61577
61578
61579
61580
61581
61582
61583
61584
61585
61586
61587
61588
61589
61590
61591
61592
61593
61594
.....
62335
62336
62337
62338
62339
62340
62341
62342
62343
62344
62345
62346
62347
62348
62349
.....
62403
62404
62405
62406
62407
62408
62409
62410
62411
62412
62413
62414
62415
62416
62417
62418
62419
62420
.....
62441
62442
62443
62444
62445
62446
62447
62448
62449
62450
62451
62452
62453
62454
62455
62456
62457
62458
62459
62460
62461
.....
62481
62482
62483
62484
62485
62486
62487
62488
62489
62490
62491
62492
62493
62494
62495
.....
62506
62507
62508
62509
62510
62511
62512
62513
62514
62515
62516
62517
62518
62519
62520
.....
63167
63168
63169
63170
63171
63172
63173
63174
63175
63176
63177
63178
63179
63180
63181
.....
63206
63207
63208
63209
63210
63211
63212
63213
63214
63215
63216
63217
63218
63219
63220
63221
63222
63223
63224
63225
63226
63227
63228
63229
63230
63231
63232
63233
63234
63235
63236
63237
63238
63239
63240
63241
63242
63243
63244
63245
63246
63247
63248
63249
63250
63251
63252
63253
63254
63255
63256
63257
63258
.....
63270
63271
63272
63273
63274
63275
63276
63277
63278
63279
63280
63281
63282
63283
63284
.....
63425
63426
63427
63428
63429
63430
63431
63432
63433
63434
63435
63436
63437
63438
63439
.....
64094
64095
64096
64097
64098
64099
64100
64101
64102
64103
64104
64105
64106
64107
64108
64109
.....
64735
64736
64737
64738
64739
64740
64741
64742
64743
64744
64745
64746
64747
64748
64749
64750
.....
64758
64759
64760
64761
64762
64763
64764
64765
64766
64767
64768
64769
64770
64771
64772
.....
64775
64776
64777
64778
64779
64780
64781
64782
64783
64784
64785
64786
64787
64788
64789
.....
64822
64823
64824
64825
64826
64827
64828

64829
64830
64831


64832
64833

64834
64835
64836
64837
64838
64839
64840
64841
64842
64843
64844
64845
64846
64847
64848
64849
.....
64963
64964
64965
64966
64967
64968
64969
64970
64971
64972
64973
64974
64975
64976
64977
.....
64985
64986
64987
64988
64989
64990
64991
64992
64993
64994
64995
64996
64997

64998
64999
65000
65001
65002
65003
65004
.....
65013
65014
65015
65016
65017
65018
65019
65020
65021
65022
65023
65024
65025
65026
65027
.....
65042
65043
65044
65045
65046
65047
65048
65049
65050
65051
65052
65053
65054
65055
65056
.....
65079
65080
65081
65082
65083
65084
65085
65086
65087
65088
65089
65090
65091
65092
65093
.....
65107
65108
65109
65110
65111
65112
65113
65114
65115
65116
65117
65118
65119
65120
65121
.....
65311
65312
65313
65314
65315
65316
65317
65318
65319
65320
65321
65322
65323
65324
65325
.....
65375
65376
65377
65378
65379
65380
65381
65382
65383
65384
65385
65386
65387
65388
65389
.....
65510
65511
65512
65513
65514
65515
65516
65517
65518
65519
65520
65521
65522
65523
65524
.....
65567
65568
65569
65570
65571
65572
65573
65574
65575
65576
65577
65578
65579
65580
65581
65582
65583
65584
65585
65586
65587
65588
65589
65590
65591
65592
65593
65594
65595
65596
65597
65598
.....
65642
65643
65644
65645
65646
65647
65648
65649
65650
65651
65652
65653
65654
65655
65656
65657
65658
65659
65660
65661
65662
65663
65664
65665
65666
65667
65668
.....
66717
66718
66719
66720
66721
66722
66723

66724
66725
66726
66727
66728
66729

66730
66731
66732
66733
66734
66735
66736
.....
66748
66749
66750
66751
66752
66753
66754
66755
66756
66757
66758
66759
66760
66761
66762
66763
66764
66765
66766
66767
66768

66769
66770


66771
66772
66773
66774
66775
66776
66777
.....
66784
66785
66786
66787
66788
66789
66790




66791
66792
66793
66794
66795
66796
66797
.....
67025
67026
67027
67028
67029
67030
67031
67032
67033
67034
67035
67036
67037
67038
67039
67040
67041
67042
.....
67089
67090
67091
67092
67093
67094
67095
67096
67097
67098
67099
67100
67101
67102
67103
67104
67105
67106
67107
.....
67182
67183
67184
67185
67186
67187
67188
67189
67190
67191
67192
67193
67194
67195
67196
.....
67253
67254
67255
67256
67257
67258
67259
67260
67261
67262
67263
67264
67265
67266
67267
.....
67433
67434
67435
67436
67437
67438
67439

67440
67441
67442
67443
67444
67445
67446
67447
67448
67449
67450
67451
67452
67453
67454
.....
67457
67458
67459
67460
67461
67462
67463
67464
67465
67466
67467
67468
67469
67470

67471
67472
67473
67474
67475
67476
67477
.....
67562
67563
67564
67565
67566
67567
67568
67569
67570


67571
67572
67573
67574
67575
67576
67577
67578
67579
67580
67581
67582
67583
67584
67585
67586
67587
67588
67589
67590
67591
67592
67593
67594
67595
.....
67660
67661
67662
67663
67664
67665
67666
67667
67668
67669
67670
67671
67672
67673
67674
.....
67713
67714
67715
67716
67717
67718
67719
67720
67721
67722
67723
67724
67725
67726
67727
67728
67729
67730
67731
67732
67733
67734
67735
67736
67737
67738
67739
67740
.....
67744
67745
67746
67747
67748
67749
67750
67751
67752
67753
67754
67755
67756
67757
67758
67759
67760
67761
67762
67763
67764
.....
67999
68000
68001
68002
68003
68004
68005

68006
68007
68008
68009
68010
68011
68012
.....
68173
68174
68175
68176
68177
68178
68179
68180
68181
68182
68183
68184
68185
68186
68187
68188
68189
.....
68337
68338
68339
68340
68341
68342
68343
68344
68345
68346
68347
68348
68349
68350
68351

68352
68353

68354
68355
68356
68357
68358
68359
68360
.....
68429
68430
68431
68432
68433
68434
68435
68436
68437
68438
68439
68440
68441
68442
68443
68444
68445
.....
68706
68707
68708
68709
68710
68711
68712
68713
68714
68715
68716
68717
68718
68719
68720
68721
68722
.....
68805
68806
68807
68808
68809
68810
68811
68812
68813
68814
68815
68816
68817
68818
68819
68820
68821
68822
68823
.....
69076
69077
69078
69079
69080
69081
69082
69083
69084
69085
69086
69087
69088
69089
69090
69091
69092
69093
69094
69095
69096
69097
69098
69099
69100
69101
69102
69103
69104
69105
69106
69107
69108
69109
69110
69111
69112
69113
69114
69115
69116
.....
69571
69572
69573
69574
69575
69576
69577



69578
69579
69580
69581
69582
69583








69584
69585
69586
69587
69588
69589
69590
.....
69695
69696
69697
69698
69699
69700
69701
69702
69703
69704
69705
69706
69707
69708
69709
.....
69712
69713
69714
69715
69716
69717
69718
69719
69720
69721
69722
69723
69724
69725
69726
.....
69759
69760
69761
69762
69763
69764
69765
69766
69767
69768
69769
69770
69771
69772
69773
69774
.....
69880
69881
69882
69883
69884
69885
69886
69887
69888
69889
69890
69891
69892
69893
69894
.....
70075
70076
70077
70078
70079
70080
70081
70082
70083
70084
70085
70086
70087
70088
70089
70090
70091
70092
70093
70094
70095
70096
70097
70098
70099
70100
70101
70102
70103
70104
70105
70106
70107
.....
70250
70251
70252
70253
70254
70255
70256
70257
70258
70259
70260
70261
70262
70263
70264
70265
70266
70267
70268
70269
.....
70305
70306
70307
70308
70309
70310
70311
70312
70313
70314
70315
70316
70317
70318
70319
.....
70332
70333
70334
70335
70336
70337
70338
70339
70340
70341
70342
70343
70344
70345
70346
70347
70348
.....
70354
70355
70356
70357
70358
70359
70360
70361
70362
70363
70364
70365
70366
70367
70368
70369
70370
70371
70372
70373
70374
70375
70376
70377
70378
70379
70380
70381
70382
70383
.....
70384
70385
70386
70387
70388
70389
70390
70391
70392
70393
70394
70395
70396
70397
70398
.....
70426
70427
70428
70429
70430
70431
70432
70433
70434
70435
70436
70437
70438
70439
70440
70441
70442
.....
70448
70449
70450
70451
70452
70453
70454
70455
70456
70457
70458
70459
70460
70461
70462
70463
.....
70475
70476
70477
70478
70479
70480
70481
70482
70483
70484
70485
70486
70487
70488
70489
.....
70491
70492
70493
70494
70495
70496
70497
70498
70499
70500
70501
70502
70503
70504
70505
70506
70507
70508
70509
70510
70511
70512
70513
.....
70542
70543
70544
70545
70546
70547
70548
70549
70550
70551
70552
70553
70554
70555
70556
.....
70634
70635
70636
70637
70638
70639
70640
70641
70642
70643
70644
70645
70646
70647
70648
.....
70745
70746
70747
70748
70749
70750
70751
70752
70753
70754
70755
70756
70757
70758
70759
.....
70895
70896
70897
70898
70899
70900
70901
70902
70903
70904
70905
70906
70907
70908
70909
70910
70911
70912
70913
.....
70932
70933
70934
70935
70936
70937
70938
70939
70940
70941
70942
70943
70944
70945
70946
.....
71489
71490
71491
71492
71493
71494
71495
71496
71497
71498
71499
71500
71501
71502
71503
71504
71505
71506
71507
.....
71587
71588
71589
71590
71591
71592
71593
71594
71595
71596
71597
71598
71599
71600
71601
.....
71614
71615
71616
71617
71618
71619
71620
71621
71622
71623
71624
71625
71626
71627
71628
.....
71905
71906
71907
71908
71909
71910
71911
71912
71913
71914
71915
71916
71917
71918
71919
.....
71934
71935
71936
71937
71938
71939
71940
71941
71942
71943
71944
71945
71946
71947
71948
.....
72009
72010
72011
72012
72013
72014
72015

72016
72017
72018
72019
72020
72021
72022
72023
72024
72025
72026
72027
72028
72029
72030
72031
72032
72033
.....
72037
72038
72039
72040
72041
72042
72043
72044
72045
72046
72047
72048
72049
72050
72051
72052
72053
72054
.....
72171
72172
72173
72174
72175
72176
72177
72178
72179
72180
72181
72182
72183
72184
72185
.....
72270
72271
72272
72273
72274
72275
72276
72277
72278
72279
72280
72281
72282
72283
72284
72285
72286
72287
72288
72289
72290
72291
72292
72293
72294
72295
.....
72350
72351
72352
72353
72354
72355
72356
72357
72358
72359
72360
72361
72362
72363
72364
.....
72386
72387
72388
72389
72390
72391
72392
72393
72394
72395
72396
72397
72398
72399
72400
.....
72455
72456
72457
72458
72459
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/******************************************************************************
** This file is an amalgamation of many separate C source files from SQLite
** version 3.6.0.  By combining all the individual C code files into this 
** single large file, the entire code can be compiled as a one translation
** unit.  This allows many compilers to do optimizations that would not be
** possible if the files were compiled separately.  Performance improvements
** of 5% are more are commonly seen when SQLite is compiled as a single
** translation unit.
**
** This file is all you need to compile SQLite.  To use SQLite in other
** programs, you need this file and the "sqlite3.h" header file that defines
** the programming interface to the SQLite library.  (If you do not have 
** the "sqlite3.h" header file at hand, you will find a copy in the first
** 6139 lines past this header comment.)  Additional code files may be
** needed if you want a wrapper to interface SQLite with your choice of
** programming language.  The code for the "sqlite3" command-line shell
** is also in a separate file.  This file contains only code for the core
** SQLite library.
**
** This amalgamation was generated on 2008-07-16 14:52:32 UTC.
*/
#define SQLITE_CORE 1
#define SQLITE_AMALGAMATION 1
#ifndef SQLITE_PRIVATE
# define SQLITE_PRIVATE static
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_API
................................................................................
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** Internal interface definitions for SQLite.
**
** @(#) $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/
#ifndef _SQLITEINT_H_
#define _SQLITEINT_H_

/*
** Include the configuration header output by 'configure' if we're using the
** autoconf-based build
................................................................................
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** 
** This file defines various limits of what SQLite can process.
**
** @(#) $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/

/*
** The maximum length of a TEXT or BLOB in bytes.   This also
** limits the size of a row in a table or index.
**
** The hard limit is the ability of a 32-bit signed integer
................................................................................
#pragma warn -ccc /* Condition is always true or false */
#pragma warn -aus /* Assigned value is never used */
#pragma warn -csu /* Comparing signed and unsigned */
#pragma warn -spa /* Suspicous pointer arithmetic */
#endif

/* Needed for various definitions... */

#define _GNU_SOURCE


/*
** Include standard header files as necessary
*/
#ifdef HAVE_STDINT_H
#include <stdint.h>
#endif
................................................................................
** on how SQLite interfaces are suppose to operate.
**
** The name of this file under configuration management is "sqlite.h.in".
** The makefile makes some minor changes to this file (such as inserting
** the version number) and changes its name to "sqlite3.h" as
** part of the build process.
**
** @(#) $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/
#ifndef _SQLITE3_H_
#define _SQLITE3_H_
#include <stdarg.h>     /* Needed for the definition of va_list */

/*
** Make sure we can call this stuff from C++.
................................................................................
# undef SQLITE_VERSION
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER
# undef SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER
#endif

/*
** CAPI3REF: Compile-Time Library Version Numbers {F10010}
**
** The SQLITE_VERSION and SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER #defines in
** the sqlite3.h file specify the version of SQLite with which
** that header file is associated.
**
** The "version" of SQLite is a string of the form "X.Y.Z".
** The phrase "alpha" or "beta" might be appended after the Z.
................................................................................
** The Z value is the release number and is incremented with
** each release but resets back to 0 whenever Y is incremented.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()] and [sqlite3_libversion_number()].
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F10011} The SQLITE_VERSION #define in the sqlite3.h header file shall
**          evaluate to a string literal that is the SQLite version
**          with which the header file is associated.
**
** {F10014} The SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER #define shall resolve to an integer
**          with the value (X*1000000 + Y*1000 + Z) where X, Y, and Z
**          are the major version, minor version, and release number.
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION         "3.6.0"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER  3006000

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers {F10020}
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version
**
** These features provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION]
** and [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER] #defines in the header, but are associated
** with the library instead of the header file.  Cautious programmers might
** include a check in their application to verify that
** sqlite3_libversion_number() always returns the value
................................................................................
** The sqlite3_libversion() function returns the same information as is
** in the sqlite3_version[] string constant.  The function is provided
** for use in DLLs since DLL users usually do not have direct access to string
** constants within the DLL.
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F10021} The [sqlite3_libversion_number()] interface shall return
**          an integer equal to [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER].
**
** {F10022} The [sqlite3_version] string constant shall contain
**          the text of the [SQLITE_VERSION] string.
**
** {F10023} The [sqlite3_libversion()] function shall return
**          a pointer to the [sqlite3_version] string constant.
*/
SQLITE_API const char sqlite3_version[];
SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_libversion(void);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_libversion_number(void);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Test To See If The Library Is Threadsafe {F10100}
**
** SQLite can be compiled with or without mutexes.  When
** the [SQLITE_THREADSAFE] C preprocessor macro is true, mutexes
** are enabled and SQLite is threadsafe.  When that macro is false,
** the mutexes are omitted.  Without the mutexes, it is not safe
** to use SQLite concurrently from more than one thread.
**
................................................................................
** with the verbs [SQLITE_CONFIG_SINGLETHREAD], [SQLITE_CONFIG_MULTITHREAD],
** or [SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX].  The return value of this function shows
** only the default compile-time setting, not any run-time changes
** to that setting.
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F10101} The [sqlite3_threadsafe()] function shall return nonzero if
**          SQLite was compiled with the its mutexes enabled by default
**          or zero if SQLite was compiled such that mutexes are
**          permanently disabled.
**
** {F10102} The value returned by the [sqlite3_threadsafe()] function
**          shall not change when mutex setting are modified at
**          runtime using the [sqlite3_config()] interface and 
**          especially the [SQLITE_CONFIG_SINGLETHREAD],
**          [SQLITE_CONFIG_MULTITHREAD], [SQLITE_CONFIG_SERIALIZED],
**          and [SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX] verbs.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_threadsafe(void);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Database Connection Handle {F12000}
** KEYWORDS: {database connection} {database connections}
**
** Each open SQLite database is represented by a pointer to an instance of
** the opaque structure named "sqlite3".  It is useful to think of an sqlite3
** pointer as an object.  The [sqlite3_open()], [sqlite3_open16()], and
** [sqlite3_open_v2()] interfaces are its constructors, and [sqlite3_close()]
** is its destructor.  There are many other interfaces (such as
................................................................................
** [sqlite3_prepare_v2()], [sqlite3_create_function()], and
** [sqlite3_busy_timeout()] to name but three) that are methods on an
** sqlite3 object.
*/
typedef struct sqlite3 sqlite3;

/*
** CAPI3REF: 64-Bit Integer Types {F10200}
** KEYWORDS: sqlite_int64 sqlite_uint64
**
** Because there is no cross-platform way to specify 64-bit integer types
** SQLite includes typedefs for 64-bit signed and unsigned integers.
**
** The sqlite3_int64 and sqlite3_uint64 are the preferred type definitions.
** The sqlite_int64 and sqlite_uint64 types are supported for backwards
** compatibility only.
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F10201} The [sqlite_int64] and [sqlite3_int64] type shall specify
**          a 64-bit signed integer.
**
** {F10202} The [sqlite_uint64] and [sqlite3_uint64] type shall specify
**          a 64-bit unsigned integer.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_INT64_TYPE
  typedef SQLITE_INT64_TYPE sqlite_int64;
  typedef unsigned SQLITE_INT64_TYPE sqlite_uint64;
#elif defined(_MSC_VER) || defined(__BORLANDC__)
  typedef __int64 sqlite_int64;
................................................................................
** substitute integer for floating-point.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
# define double sqlite3_int64
#endif

/*
** CAPI3REF: Closing A Database Connection {F12010}
**
** This routine is the destructor for the [sqlite3] object.
**
** Applications should [sqlite3_finalize | finalize] all [prepared statements]
** and [sqlite3_blob_close | close] all [BLOB handles] associated with
** the [sqlite3] object prior to attempting to close the object.
** The [sqlite3_next_stmt()] interface can be used to locate all
................................................................................
** </pre></blockquote>
**
** If [sqlite3_close()] is invoked while a transaction is open,
** the transaction is automatically rolled back.
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F12011} A successful call to [sqlite3_close(C)] shall destroy the
**          [database connection] object C.
**
** {F12012} A successful call to [sqlite3_close(C)] shall return SQLITE_OK.
**
** {F12013} A successful call to [sqlite3_close(C)] shall release all
**          memory and system resources associated with [database connection]
**          C.
**
** {F12014} A call to [sqlite3_close(C)] on a [database connection] C that
**          has one or more open [prepared statements] shall fail with
**          an [SQLITE_BUSY] error code.
**
** {F12015} A call to [sqlite3_close(C)] where C is a NULL pointer shall
**          return SQLITE_OK.
**
** {F12019} When [sqlite3_close(C)] is invoked on a [database connection] C
**          that has a pending transaction, the transaction shall be
**          rolled back.
**
** LIMITATIONS:
**
** {A12016} The C parameter to [sqlite3_close(C)] must be either a NULL
**          pointer or an [sqlite3] object pointer previously obtained
**          from [sqlite3_open()], [sqlite3_open16()], or
**          [sqlite3_open_v2()], and not previously closed.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_close(sqlite3 *);

/*
** The type for a callback function.
** This is legacy and deprecated.  It is included for historical
** compatibility and is not documented.
*/
typedef int (*sqlite3_callback)(void*,int,char**, char**);

/*
** CAPI3REF: One-Step Query Execution Interface {F12100}
**
** The sqlite3_exec() interface is a convenient way of running one or more
** SQL statements without having to write a lot of C code.  The UTF-8 encoded
** SQL statements are passed in as the second parameter to sqlite3_exec().
** The statements are evaluated one by one until either an error or
** an interrupt is encountered, or until they are all done.  The 3rd parameter
** is an optional callback that is invoked once for each row of any query
................................................................................
** The sqlite3_exec() interface is implemented in terms of
** [sqlite3_prepare_v2()], [sqlite3_step()], and [sqlite3_finalize()].
** The sqlite3_exec() routine does nothing to the database that cannot be done
** by [sqlite3_prepare_v2()], [sqlite3_step()], and [sqlite3_finalize()].
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F12101} A successful invocation of [sqlite3_exec(D,S,C,A,E)]
**          shall sequentially evaluate all of the UTF-8 encoded,
**          semicolon-separated SQL statements in the zero-terminated
**          string S within the context of the [database connection] D.
**
** {F12102} If the S parameter to [sqlite3_exec(D,S,C,A,E)] is NULL then
**          the actions of the interface shall be the same as if the
**          S parameter were an empty string.
**
** {F12104} The return value of [sqlite3_exec()] shall be [SQLITE_OK] if all
**          SQL statements run successfully and to completion.
**
** {F12105} The return value of [sqlite3_exec()] shall be an appropriate
**          non-zero [error code] if any SQL statement fails.
**
** {F12107} If one or more of the SQL statements handed to [sqlite3_exec()]
**          return results and the 3rd parameter is not NULL, then
**          the callback function specified by the 3rd parameter shall be
**          invoked once for each row of result.
**
** {F12110} If the callback returns a non-zero value then [sqlite3_exec()]
**          shall abort the SQL statement it is currently evaluating,
**          skip all subsequent SQL statements, and return [SQLITE_ABORT].
**
** {F12113} The [sqlite3_exec()] routine shall pass its 4th parameter through
**          as the 1st parameter of the callback.
**
** {F12116} The [sqlite3_exec()] routine shall set the 2nd parameter of its
**          callback to be the number of columns in the current row of
**          result.
**
** {F12119} The [sqlite3_exec()] routine shall set the 3rd parameter of its
**          callback to be an array of pointers to strings holding the
**          values for each column in the current result set row as
**          obtained from [sqlite3_column_text()].
**
** {F12122} The [sqlite3_exec()] routine shall set the 4th parameter of its
**          callback to be an array of pointers to strings holding the
**          names of result columns as obtained from [sqlite3_column_name()].
**
** {F12125} If the 3rd parameter to [sqlite3_exec()] is NULL then
**          [sqlite3_exec()] shall silently discard query results.
**
** {F12131} If an error occurs while parsing or evaluating any of the SQL
**          statements in the S parameter of [sqlite3_exec(D,S,C,A,E)] and if
**          the E parameter is not NULL, then [sqlite3_exec()] shall store
**          in *E an appropriate error message written into memory obtained
**          from [sqlite3_malloc()].
**
** {F12134} The [sqlite3_exec(D,S,C,A,E)] routine shall set the value of
**          *E to NULL if E is not NULL and there are no errors.
**
** {F12137} The [sqlite3_exec(D,S,C,A,E)] function shall set the [error code]
**          and message accessible via [sqlite3_errcode()],
**          [sqlite3_errmsg()], and [sqlite3_errmsg16()].
**
** {F12138} If the S parameter to [sqlite3_exec(D,S,C,A,E)] is NULL or an
**          empty string or contains nothing other than whitespace, comments,
**          and/or semicolons, then results of [sqlite3_errcode()],
**          [sqlite3_errmsg()], and [sqlite3_errmsg16()]
**          shall reset to indicate no errors.
**
** LIMITATIONS:
**
** {A12141} The first parameter to [sqlite3_exec()] must be an valid and open
**          [database connection].
**
** {A12142} The database connection must not be closed while
**          [sqlite3_exec()] is running.
**
................................................................................
  const char *sql,                           /* SQL to be evaluated */
  int (*callback)(void*,int,char**,char**),  /* Callback function */
  void *,                                    /* 1st argument to callback */
  char **errmsg                              /* Error msg written here */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Result Codes {F10210}
** KEYWORDS: SQLITE_OK {error code} {error codes}
** KEYWORDS: {result code} {result codes}
**
** Many SQLite functions return an integer result code from the set shown
** here in order to indicates success or failure.
**
** New error codes may be added in future versions of SQLite.
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_RANGE       25   /* 2nd parameter to sqlite3_bind out of range */
#define SQLITE_NOTADB      26   /* File opened that is not a database file */
#define SQLITE_ROW         100  /* sqlite3_step() has another row ready */
#define SQLITE_DONE        101  /* sqlite3_step() has finished executing */
/* end-of-error-codes */

/*
** CAPI3REF: Extended Result Codes {F10220}
** KEYWORDS: {extended error code} {extended error codes}
** KEYWORDS: {extended result code} {extended result codes}
**
** In its default configuration, SQLite API routines return one of 26 integer
** [SQLITE_OK | result codes].  However, experience has shown that many of
** these result codes are too coarse-grained.  They do not provide as
** much information about problems as programmers might like.  In an effort to
................................................................................
** to see new result codes in future releases of SQLite.
**
** The SQLITE_OK result code will never be extended.  It will always
** be exactly zero.
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F10223} The symbolic name for an extended result code shall contains
**          a related primary result code as a prefix.
**
** {F10224} Primary result code names shall contain a single "_" character.
**
** {F10225} Extended result code names shall contain two or more "_" characters.
**
** {F10226} The numeric value of an extended result code shall contain the
**          numeric value of its corresponding primary result code in
**          its least significant 8 bits.
*/
#define SQLITE_IOERR_READ              (SQLITE_IOERR | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_SHORT_READ        (SQLITE_IOERR | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_WRITE             (SQLITE_IOERR | (3<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_FSYNC             (SQLITE_IOERR | (4<<8))
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE            (SQLITE_IOERR | (10<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED           (SQLITE_IOERR | (11<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM             (SQLITE_IOERR | (12<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_ACCESS            (SQLITE_IOERR | (13<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_CHECKRESERVEDLOCK (SQLITE_IOERR | (14<<8))

/*
** CAPI3REF: Flags For File Open Operations {F10230}
**
** These bit values are intended for use in the
** 3rd parameter to the [sqlite3_open_v2()] interface and
** in the 4th parameter to the xOpen method of the
** [sqlite3_vfs] object.
*/
#define SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY         0x00000001
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_JOURNAL     0x00000800
#define SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_JOURNAL     0x00001000
#define SQLITE_OPEN_SUBJOURNAL       0x00002000
#define SQLITE_OPEN_MASTER_JOURNAL   0x00004000
#define SQLITE_OPEN_NOMUTEX          0x00008000

/*
** CAPI3REF: Device Characteristics {F10240}
**
** The xDeviceCapabilities method of the [sqlite3_io_methods]
** object returns an integer which is a vector of the these
** bit values expressing I/O characteristics of the mass storage
** device that holds the file that the [sqlite3_io_methods]
** refers to.
**
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC16K       0x00000040
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC32K       0x00000080
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC64K       0x00000100
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_SAFE_APPEND     0x00000200
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_SEQUENTIAL      0x00000400

/*
** CAPI3REF: File Locking Levels {F10250}
**
** SQLite uses one of these integer values as the second
** argument to calls it makes to the xLock() and xUnlock() methods
** of an [sqlite3_io_methods] object.
*/
#define SQLITE_LOCK_NONE          0
#define SQLITE_LOCK_SHARED        1
#define SQLITE_LOCK_RESERVED      2
#define SQLITE_LOCK_PENDING       3
#define SQLITE_LOCK_EXCLUSIVE     4

/*
** CAPI3REF: Synchronization Type Flags {F10260}
**
** When SQLite invokes the xSync() method of an
** [sqlite3_io_methods] object it uses a combination of
** these integer values as the second argument.
**
** When the SQLITE_SYNC_DATAONLY flag is used, it means that the
** sync operation only needs to flush data to mass storage.  Inode
................................................................................
** to use Mac OS-X style fullsync instead of fsync().
*/
#define SQLITE_SYNC_NORMAL        0x00002
#define SQLITE_SYNC_FULL          0x00003
#define SQLITE_SYNC_DATAONLY      0x00010

/*
** CAPI3REF: OS Interface Open File Handle {F11110}
**
** An [sqlite3_file] object represents an open file in the OS
** interface layer.  Individual OS interface implementations will
** want to subclass this object by appending additional fields
** for their own use.  The pMethods entry is a pointer to an
** [sqlite3_io_methods] object that defines methods for performing
** I/O operations on the open file.
................................................................................
*/
typedef struct sqlite3_file sqlite3_file;
struct sqlite3_file {
  const struct sqlite3_io_methods *pMethods;  /* Methods for an open file */
};

/*
** CAPI3REF: OS Interface File Virtual Methods Object {F11120}
**
** Every file opened by the [sqlite3_vfs] xOpen method populates an
** [sqlite3_file] object (or, more commonly, a subclass of the
** [sqlite3_file] object) with a pointer to an instance of this object.
** This object defines the methods used to perform various operations
** against the open file represented by the [sqlite3_file] object.
**
................................................................................
  int (*xFileControl)(sqlite3_file*, int op, void *pArg);
  int (*xSectorSize)(sqlite3_file*);
  int (*xDeviceCharacteristics)(sqlite3_file*);
  /* Additional methods may be added in future releases */
};

/*
** CAPI3REF: Standard File Control Opcodes {F11310}
**
** These integer constants are opcodes for the xFileControl method
** of the [sqlite3_io_methods] object and for the [sqlite3_file_control()]
** interface.
**
** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE] opcode is used for debugging.  This
** opcode causes the xFileControl method to write the current state of
................................................................................
** into an integer that the pArg argument points to. This capability
** is used during testing and only needs to be supported when SQLITE_TEST
** is defined.
*/
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE        1

/*
** CAPI3REF: Mutex Handle {F17110}
**
** The mutex module within SQLite defines [sqlite3_mutex] to be an
** abstract type for a mutex object.  The SQLite core never looks
** at the internal representation of an [sqlite3_mutex].  It only
** deals with pointers to the [sqlite3_mutex] object.
**
** Mutexes are created using [sqlite3_mutex_alloc()].
*/
typedef struct sqlite3_mutex sqlite3_mutex;

/*
** CAPI3REF: OS Interface Object {F11140}
**
** An instance of the sqlite3_vfs object defines the interface between
** the SQLite core and the underlying operating system.  The "vfs"
** in the name of the object stands for "virtual file system".
**
** The value of the iVersion field is initially 1 but may be larger in
** future versions of SQLite.  Additional fields may be appended to this
................................................................................
** or modify this field while holding a particular static mutex.
** The application should never modify anything within the sqlite3_vfs
** object once the object has been registered.
**
** The zName field holds the name of the VFS module.  The name must
** be unique across all VFS modules.
**
** {F11141} SQLite will guarantee that the zFilename parameter to xOpen
** is either a NULL pointer or string obtained
** from xFullPathname().  SQLite further guarantees that
** the string will be valid and unchanged until xClose() is
** called. {END}  Becasue of the previous sentense, 
** the [sqlite3_file] can safely store a pointer to the
** filename if it needs to remember the filename for some reason.
** If the zFilename parameter is xOpen is a NULL pointer then xOpen
** must invite its own temporary name for the file.  Whenever the 
** xFilename parameter is NULL it will also be the case that the
** flags parameter will include [SQLITE_OPEN_DELETEONCLOSE].
**
** {F11142} The flags argument to xOpen() includes all bits set in
** the flags argument to [sqlite3_open_v2()].  Or if [sqlite3_open()]
** or [sqlite3_open16()] is used, then flags includes at least
** [SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE] | [SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE]. {END}
** If xOpen() opens a file read-only then it sets *pOutFlags to
** include [SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY].  Other bits in *pOutFlags may be set.
**
** {F11143} SQLite will also add one of the following flags to the xOpen()
** call, depending on the object being opened:
**
** <ul>
** <li>  [SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB]
** <li>  [SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_JOURNAL]
** <li>  [SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_DB]
** <li>  [SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_JOURNAL]
................................................................................
** SQLite might also add one of the following flags to the xOpen method:
**
** <ul>
** <li> [SQLITE_OPEN_DELETEONCLOSE]
** <li> [SQLITE_OPEN_EXCLUSIVE]
** </ul>
**
** {F11145} The [SQLITE_OPEN_DELETEONCLOSE] flag means the file should be
** deleted when it is closed.  {F11146} The [SQLITE_OPEN_DELETEONCLOSE]
** will be set for TEMP  databases, journals and for subjournals.
**
** {F11147} The [SQLITE_OPEN_EXCLUSIVE] flag means the file should be opened
** for exclusive access.  This flag is set for all files except
** for the main database file.
**
** {F11148} At least szOsFile bytes of memory are allocated by SQLite
** to hold the  [sqlite3_file] structure passed as the third
** argument to xOpen. {END}  The xOpen method does not have to
** allocate the structure; it should just fill it in.
**
** {F11149} The flags argument to xAccess() may be [SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS]
** to test for the existence of a file, or [SQLITE_ACCESS_READWRITE] to
** test whether a file is readable and writable, or [SQLITE_ACCESS_READ]
** to test whether a file is at least readable. {END}  The file can be a
** directory.
**
** {F11150} SQLite will always allocate at least mxPathname+1 bytes for the
** output buffer xFullPathname. {F11151} The exact size of the output buffer
** is also passed as a parameter to both  methods. {END}  If the output buffer
** is not large enough, [SQLITE_CANTOPEN] should be returned. Since this is
** handled as a fatal error by SQLite, vfs implementations should endeavor
** to prevent this by setting mxPathname to a sufficiently large value.
**
** The xRandomness(), xSleep(), and xCurrentTime() interfaces
** are not strictly a part of the filesystem, but they are
................................................................................
  int (*xCurrentTime)(sqlite3_vfs*, double*);
  int (*xGetLastError)(sqlite3_vfs*, int, char *);
  /* New fields may be appended in figure versions.  The iVersion
  ** value will increment whenever this happens. */
};

/*
** CAPI3REF: Flags for the xAccess VFS method {F11190}
**
** {F11191} These integer constants can be used as the third parameter to
** the xAccess method of an [sqlite3_vfs] object. {END}  They determine
** what kind of permissions the xAccess method is looking for.
** {F11192} With SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS, the xAccess method
** simply checks whether the file exists.
** {F11193} With SQLITE_ACCESS_READWRITE, the xAccess method
** checks whether the file is both readable and writable.
** {F11194} With SQLITE_ACCESS_READ, the xAccess method
** checks whether the file is readable.
*/
#define SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS    0
#define SQLITE_ACCESS_READWRITE 1
#define SQLITE_ACCESS_READ      2

/*
** CAPI3REF: Initialize The SQLite Library {F10130}
**
** The sqlite3_initialize() routine initializes the
** SQLite library.  The sqlite3_shutdown() routine
** deallocates any resources that were allocated by sqlite3_initialize().
**
** A call to sqlite3_initialize() is an "effective" call if it is
** the first time sqlite3_initialize() is invoked during the lifetime of
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_initialize(void);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_shutdown(void);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_os_init(void);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_os_end(void);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Configuring The SQLite Library {F10145}

**
** The sqlite3_config() interface is used to make global configuration
** changes to SQLite in order to tune SQLite to the specific needs of
** the application.  The default configuration is recommended for most
** applications and so this routine is usually not necessary.  It is
** provided to support rare applications with unusual needs.
**
................................................................................
** what property of SQLite is to be configured.  Subsequent arguments
** vary depending on the [SQLITE_CONFIG_SINGLETHREAD | configuration option]
** in the first argument.
**
** When a configuration option is set, sqlite3_config() returns SQLITE_OK.
** If the option is unknown or SQLite is unable to set the option
** then this routine returns a non-zero [error code].
**
** The sqlite3_config() interface is considered experimental in that
** new configuration options may be added in future releases and existing
** configuration options may be discontinued or modified.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_config(int, ...);

/*





















** CAPI3REF: Memory Allocation Routines {F10155}

**
** An instance of this object defines the interface between SQLite
** and low-level memory allocation routines.
**
** This object is used in only one place in the SQLite interface.
** A pointer to an instance of this object is the argument to
** [sqlite3_config()] when the configuration option is
................................................................................
  int (*xRoundup)(int);          /* Round up request size to allocation size */
  int (*xInit)(void*);           /* Initialize the memory allocator */
  void (*xShutdown)(void*);      /* Deinitialize the memory allocator */
  void *pAppData;                /* Argument to xInit() and xShutdown() */
};

/*
** CAPI3REF: Configuration Options {F10160}

**
** These constants are the available integer configuration options that
** can be passed as the first argument to the [sqlite3_config()] interface.
**
** New configuration options may be added in future releases of SQLite.
** Existing configuration options might be discontinued.  Applications
** should check the return code from [sqlite3_config()] to make sure that
................................................................................
** instance of the [sqlite3_mem_methods] structure.  The [sqlite3_mem_methods]
** structure is filled with the currently defined memory allocation routines.
** This option can be used to overload the default memory allocation
** routines with a wrapper that simulations memory allocation failure or
** tracks memory usage, for example.</dd>
**
** <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_MEMSTATUS</dt>
** <dd>This option takes single boolean argument which enables or disables
** the collection of memory allocation statistics.  When disabled, the
** following SQLite interfaces become non-operational:

**   <ul>
**   <li> [sqlite3_memory_used()]
**   <li> [sqlite3_memory_highwater()]
**   <li> [sqlite3_soft_heap_limit()]
**   <li> sqlite3_memory_status()
**   </ul>
** </dd>
**
** <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH</dt>
** <dd>This option specifies a static memory buffer that SQLite can use for
** scratch memory.  There are three arguments:  A pointer to the memory, the
** size of each scratch buffer (sz), and the number of buffers (N).  The sz
** argument must be a multiple of 16. The first


** argument should point to an allocation of at least (sz+4)*N bytes of memory.
** SQLite will use no more than one scratch buffer at once per thread, so
** N should be set to the expected maximum number of threads.  The sz
** parameter should be 6 times the size of the largest database page size.
** Scratch buffers are used as part of the btree balance operation.  If
** The btree balancer needs additional memory beyond what is provided by
** scratch buffers or if no scratch buffer space is specified, then SQLite
** goes to [sqlite3_malloc()] to obtain the memory it needs.</dd>
**
** <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE</dt>
** <dd>This option specifies a static memory buffer that SQLite can use for
** the database page cache.  There are three arguments: A pointer to the
** memory, the size of each page buffer (sz), and the number of pages (N).
** The sz argument must be a power of two between 512 and 32768.  The first
** argument should point to an allocation of at least (sz+4)*N bytes of memory.
** SQLite will use the memory provided by the first argument to satisfy its
** memory needs for the first N pages that it adds to cache.  If additional
** page cache memory is needed beyond what is provided by this option, then
** SQLite goes to [sqlite3_malloc()] for the additional storage space.</dd>


**
** <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_HEAP</dt>
** <dd>This option specifies a static memory buffer that SQLite will use
** for all of its dynamic memory allocation needs beyond those provided
** for by [SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH] and [SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE].
** There are three arguments: A pointer to the memory, the number of
** bytes in the memory buffer, and the minimum allocation size.  If
................................................................................
** <dd>This option takes a single argument which is a pointer to an
** instance of the [sqlite3_mutex_methods] structure.  The
** [sqlite3_mutex_methods]
** structure is filled with the currently defined mutex routines.
** This option can be used to overload the default mutex allocation
** routines with a wrapper used to track mutex usage for performance
** profiling or testing, for example.</dd>








*/
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_SINGLETHREAD  1  /* nil */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_MULTITHREAD   2  /* nil */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_SERIALIZED    3  /* nil */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC        4  /* sqlite3_mem_methods* */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMALLOC     5  /* sqlite3_mem_methods* */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH       6  /* void*, int sz, int N */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE     7  /* void*, int sz, int N */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_HEAP          8  /* void*, int nByte, int min */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_MEMSTATUS     9  /* boolean */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX        10  /* sqlite3_mutex_methods* */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMUTEX     11  /* sqlite3_mutex_methods* */


































/*
** CAPI3REF: Enable Or Disable Extended Result Codes {F12200}
**
** The sqlite3_extended_result_codes() routine enables or disables the
** [extended result codes] feature of SQLite. The extended result
** codes are disabled by default for historical compatibility considerations.
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F12201} Each new [database connection] shall have the
**          [extended result codes] feature disabled by default.
**
** {F12202} The [sqlite3_extended_result_codes(D,F)] interface shall enable
**          [extended result codes] for the  [database connection] D
**          if the F parameter is true, or disable them if F is false.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_extended_result_codes(sqlite3*, int onoff);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Last Insert Rowid {F12220}
**
** Each entry in an SQLite table has a unique 64-bit signed
** integer key called the "rowid". The rowid is always available
** as an undeclared column named ROWID, OID, or _ROWID_ as long as those
** names are not also used by explicitly declared columns. If
** the table has a column of type INTEGER PRIMARY KEY then that column
** is another alias for the rowid.
................................................................................
** the return value of this interface.
**
** For the purposes of this routine, an INSERT is considered to
** be successful even if it is subsequently rolled back.
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F12221} The [sqlite3_last_insert_rowid()] function returns the rowid
**          of the most recent successful INSERT performed on the same
**          [database connection] and within the same or higher level
**          trigger context, or zero if there have been no qualifying inserts.
**
** {F12223} The [sqlite3_last_insert_rowid()] function returns the
**          same value when called from the same trigger context
**          immediately before and after a ROLLBACK.
**
** LIMITATIONS:
**
** {A12232} If a separate thread performs a new INSERT on the same
**          database connection while the [sqlite3_last_insert_rowid()]
**          function is running and thus changes the last insert rowid,
**          then the value returned by [sqlite3_last_insert_rowid()] is
**          unpredictable and might not equal either the old or the new
**          last insert rowid.
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 sqlite3_last_insert_rowid(sqlite3*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Count The Number Of Rows Modified {F12240}
**
** This function returns the number of database rows that were changed
** or inserted or deleted by the most recently completed SQL statement
** on the [database connection] specified by the first parameter.
** Only changes that are directly specified by the INSERT, UPDATE,
** or DELETE statement are counted.  Auxiliary changes caused by
** triggers are not counted. Use the [sqlite3_total_changes()] function
................................................................................
** will not be counted by the sqlite3_changes() or [sqlite3_total_changes()]
** functions, regardless of the number of elements that were originally
** in the table.  To get an accurate count of the number of rows deleted, use
** "DELETE FROM table WHERE 1" instead.
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F12241} The [sqlite3_changes()] function shall return the number of
**          row changes caused by the most recent INSERT, UPDATE,
**          or DELETE statement on the same database connection and
**          within the same or higher trigger context, or zero if there have
**          not been any qualifying row changes.
**
** {F12243} Statements of the form "DELETE FROM tablename" with no
**          WHERE clause shall cause subsequent calls to
**          [sqlite3_changes()] to return zero, regardless of the
**          number of rows originally in the table.
**
** LIMITATIONS:
**
** {A12252} If a separate thread makes changes on the same database connection
**          while [sqlite3_changes()] is running then the value returned
**          is unpredictable and not meaningful.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_changes(sqlite3*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Total Number Of Rows Modified {F12260}
**
** This function returns the number of row changes caused by INSERT,
** UPDATE or DELETE statements since the [database connection] was opened.
** The count includes all changes from all trigger contexts.  However,
** the count does not include changes used to implement REPLACE constraints,
** do rollbacks or ABORT processing, or DROP table processing.
** The changes are counted as soon as the statement that makes them is
................................................................................
** in the table.  To get an accurate count of the number of rows deleted, use
** "DELETE FROM table WHERE 1" instead.
**
** See also the [sqlite3_changes()] interface.
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F12261} The [sqlite3_total_changes()] returns the total number
**          of row changes caused by INSERT, UPDATE, and/or DELETE
**          statements on the same [database connection], in any
**          trigger context, since the database connection was created.
**
** {F12263} Statements of the form "DELETE FROM tablename" with no
**          WHERE clause shall not change the value returned
**          by [sqlite3_total_changes()].
**
** LIMITATIONS:
**
** {A12264} If a separate thread makes changes on the same database connection
**          while [sqlite3_total_changes()] is running then the value
**          returned is unpredictable and not meaningful.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_total_changes(sqlite3*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Interrupt A Long-Running Query {F12270}
**
** This function causes any pending database operation to abort and
** return at its earliest opportunity. This routine is typically
** called in response to a user action such as pressing "Cancel"
** or Ctrl-C where the user wants a long query operation to halt
** immediately.
**
................................................................................
** will be rolled back automatically.
**
** A call to sqlite3_interrupt() has no effect on SQL statements
** that are started after sqlite3_interrupt() returns.
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F12271} The [sqlite3_interrupt()] interface will force all running
**          SQL statements associated with the same database connection
**          to halt after processing at most one additional row of data.
**
** {F12272} Any SQL statement that is interrupted by [sqlite3_interrupt()]
**          will return [SQLITE_INTERRUPT].
**
** LIMITATIONS:
**
** {A12279} If the database connection closes while [sqlite3_interrupt()]
**          is running then bad things will likely happen.
*/
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_interrupt(sqlite3*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Determine If An SQL Statement Is Complete {F10510}
**
** These routines are useful for command-line input to determine if the
** currently entered text seems to form complete a SQL statement or
** if additional input is needed before sending the text into
** SQLite for parsing.  These routines return true if the input string
** appears to be a complete SQL statement.  A statement is judged to be
** complete if it ends with a semicolon token and is not a fragment of a
................................................................................
** embedded) and thus do not count as a statement terminator.
**
** These routines do not parse the SQL statements thus
** will not detect syntactically incorrect SQL.
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F10511} A successful evaluation of [sqlite3_complete()] or
**          [sqlite3_complete16()] functions shall
**          return a numeric 1 if and only if the last non-whitespace
**          token in their input is a semicolon that is not in between
**          the BEGIN and END of a CREATE TRIGGER statement.
**
** {F10512} If a memory allocation error occurs during an invocation
**          of [sqlite3_complete()] or [sqlite3_complete16()] then the
**          routine shall return [SQLITE_NOMEM].
**
** LIMITATIONS:
**
** {A10512} The input to [sqlite3_complete()] must be a zero-terminated
**          UTF-8 string.
**
** {A10513} The input to [sqlite3_complete16()] must be a zero-terminated
**          UTF-16 string in native byte order.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_complete(const char *sql);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_complete16(const void *sql);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Register A Callback To Handle SQLITE_BUSY Errors {F12310}
**
** This routine sets a callback function that might be invoked whenever
** an attempt is made to open a database table that another thread
** or process has locked.
**
** If the busy callback is NULL, then [SQLITE_BUSY] or [SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED]
** is returned immediately upon encountering the lock. If the busy callback
................................................................................
** There can only be a single busy handler defined for each
** [database connection].  Setting a new busy handler clears any
** previously set handler.  Note that calling [sqlite3_busy_timeout()]
** will also set or clear the busy handler.
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F12311} The [sqlite3_busy_handler(D,C,A)] function shall replace
**          busy callback in the [database connection] D with a new
**          a new busy handler C and application data pointer A.
**
** {F12312} Newly created [database connections] shall have a busy
**          handler of NULL.
**
** {F12314} When two or more [database connections] share a
**          [sqlite3_enable_shared_cache | common cache],
**          the busy handler for the database connection currently using
**          the cache shall be invoked when the cache encounters a lock.
**
** {F12316} If a busy handler callback returns zero, then the SQLite interface
**          that provoked the locking event shall return [SQLITE_BUSY].
**
** {F12318} SQLite shall invokes the busy handler with two arguments which
**          are a copy of the pointer supplied by the 3rd parameter to
**          [sqlite3_busy_handler()] and a count of the number of prior
**          invocations of the busy handler for the same locking event.
**
** LIMITATIONS:
**
** {A12319} A busy handler must not close the database connection
**          or [prepared statement] that invoked the busy handler.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_busy_handler(sqlite3*, int(*)(void*,int), void*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Set A Busy Timeout {F12340}
**
** This routine sets a [sqlite3_busy_handler | busy handler] that sleeps
** for a specified amount of time when a table is locked.  The handler
** will sleep multiple times until at least "ms" milliseconds of sleeping
** have accumulated. {F12343} After "ms" milliseconds of sleeping,
** the handler returns 0 which causes [sqlite3_step()] to return
** [SQLITE_BUSY] or [SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED].
**
** Calling this routine with an argument less than or equal to zero
** turns off all busy handlers.
**
** There can only be a single busy handler for a particular
** [database connection] any any given moment.  If another busy handler
** was defined  (using [sqlite3_busy_handler()]) prior to calling
** this routine, that other busy handler is cleared.
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F12341} The [sqlite3_busy_timeout()] function shall override any prior
**          [sqlite3_busy_timeout()] or [sqlite3_busy_handler()] setting
**          on the same [database connection].
**
** {F12343} If the 2nd parameter to [sqlite3_busy_timeout()] is less than
**          or equal to zero, then the busy handler shall be cleared so that
**          all subsequent locking events immediately return [SQLITE_BUSY].
**
** {F12344} If the 2nd parameter to [sqlite3_busy_timeout()] is a positive
**          number N, then a busy handler shall be set that repeatedly calls
**          the xSleep() method in the [sqlite3_vfs | VFS interface] until
**          either the lock clears or until the cumulative sleep time
**          reported back by xSleep() exceeds N milliseconds.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_busy_timeout(sqlite3*, int ms);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Convenience Routines For Running Queries {F12370}
**
** Definition: A <b>result table</b> is memory data structure created by the
** [sqlite3_get_table()] interface.  A result table records the
** complete query results from one or more queries.
**
** The table conceptually has a number of rows and columns.  But
** these numbers are not part of the result table itself.  These
................................................................................
** to any internal data structures of SQLite.  It uses only the public
** interface defined here.  As a consequence, errors that occur in the
** wrapper layer outside of the internal [sqlite3_exec()] call are not
** reflected in subsequent calls to [sqlite3_errcode()] or [sqlite3_errmsg()].
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F12371} If a [sqlite3_get_table()] fails a memory allocation, then
**          it shall free the result table under construction, abort the
**          query in process, skip any subsequent queries, set the
**          *pazResult output pointer to NULL and return [SQLITE_NOMEM].
**
** {F12373} If the pnColumn parameter to [sqlite3_get_table()] is not NULL
**          then a successful invocation of [sqlite3_get_table()] shall
**          write the number of columns in the
**          result set of the query into *pnColumn.
**
** {F12374} If the pnRow parameter to [sqlite3_get_table()] is not NULL
**          then a successful invocation of [sqlite3_get_table()] shall
**          writes the number of rows in the
**          result set of the query into *pnRow.
**
** {F12376} A successful invocation of [sqlite3_get_table()] that computes
**          N rows of result with C columns per row shall make *pazResult
**          point to an array of pointers to (N+1)*C strings where the first
**          C strings are column names as obtained from
**          [sqlite3_column_name()] and the rest are column result values
**          obtained from [sqlite3_column_text()].
**
** {F12379} The values in the pazResult array returned by [sqlite3_get_table()]
**          shall remain valid until cleared by [sqlite3_free_table()].
**
** {F12382} When an error occurs during evaluation of [sqlite3_get_table()]
**          the function shall set *pazResult to NULL, write an error message
**          into memory obtained from [sqlite3_malloc()], make
**          **pzErrmsg point to that error message, and return a
**          appropriate [error code].
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_get_table(
  sqlite3 *db,          /* An open database */
................................................................................
  int *pnRow,           /* Number of result rows written here */
  int *pnColumn,        /* Number of result columns written here */
  char **pzErrmsg       /* Error msg written here */
);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_free_table(char **result);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Formatted String Printing Functions {F17400}
**
** These routines are workalikes of the "printf()" family of functions
** from the standard C library.
**
** The sqlite3_mprintf() and sqlite3_vmprintf() routines write their
** results into memory obtained from [sqlite3_malloc()].
** The strings returned by these two routines should be
................................................................................
**
** The "%z" formatting option works exactly like "%s" with the
** addition that after the string has been read and copied into
** the result, [sqlite3_free()] is called on the input string. {END}
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F17403}  The [sqlite3_mprintf()] and [sqlite3_vmprintf()] interfaces
**           return either pointers to zero-terminated UTF-8 strings held in
**           memory obtained from [sqlite3_malloc()] or NULL pointers if
**           a call to [sqlite3_malloc()] fails.
**
** {F17406}  The [sqlite3_snprintf()] interface writes a zero-terminated
**           UTF-8 string into the buffer pointed to by the second parameter
**           provided that the first parameter is greater than zero.
**
** {F17407}  The [sqlite3_snprintf()] interface does not write slots of
**           its output buffer (the second parameter) outside the range
**           of 0 through N-1 (where N is the first parameter)
**           regardless of the length of the string
**           requested by the format specification.
*/
SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_mprintf(const char*,...);
SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_vmprintf(const char*, va_list);
SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_snprintf(int,char*,const char*, ...);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Memory Allocation Subsystem {F17300}
**
** The SQLite core  uses these three routines for all of its own
** internal memory allocation needs. "Core" in the previous sentence
** does not include operating-system specific VFS implementation.  The
** Windows VFS uses native malloc() and free() for some operations.
**
** The sqlite3_malloc() routine returns a pointer to a block
................................................................................
** is not freed.
**
** The memory returned by sqlite3_malloc() and sqlite3_realloc()
** is always aligned to at least an 8 byte boundary. {END}
**
** The default implementation of the memory allocation subsystem uses
** the malloc(), realloc() and free() provided by the standard C library.
** {F17382} However, if SQLite is compiled with the
** SQLITE_MEMORY_SIZE=<i>NNN</i> C preprocessor macro (where <i>NNN</i>
** is an integer), then SQLite create a static array of at least
** <i>NNN</i> bytes in size and uses that array for all of its dynamic
** memory allocation needs. {END}  Additional memory allocator options
** may be added in future releases.
**
** In SQLite version 3.5.0 and 3.5.1, it was possible to define
................................................................................
** and whatever filename encoding is used by the particular Windows
** installation.  Memory allocation errors are detected, but
** they are reported back as [SQLITE_CANTOPEN] or
** [SQLITE_IOERR] rather than [SQLITE_NOMEM].
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F17303}  The [sqlite3_malloc(N)] interface returns either a pointer to
**           a newly checked-out block of at least N bytes of memory
**           that is 8-byte aligned, or it returns NULL if it is unable
**           to fulfill the request.
**
** {F17304}  The [sqlite3_malloc(N)] interface returns a NULL pointer if
**           N is less than or equal to zero.
**
** {F17305}  The [sqlite3_free(P)] interface releases memory previously
**           returned from [sqlite3_malloc()] or [sqlite3_realloc()],
**           making it available for reuse.
**
** {F17306}  A call to [sqlite3_free(NULL)] is a harmless no-op.
**
** {F17310}  A call to [sqlite3_realloc(0,N)] is equivalent to a call
**           to [sqlite3_malloc(N)].
**
** {F17312}  A call to [sqlite3_realloc(P,0)] is equivalent to a call
**           to [sqlite3_free(P)].
**
** {F17315}  The SQLite core uses [sqlite3_malloc()], [sqlite3_realloc()],
**           and [sqlite3_free()] for all of its memory allocation and
**           deallocation needs.
**
** {F17318}  The [sqlite3_realloc(P,N)] interface returns either a pointer
**           to a block of checked-out memory of at least N bytes in size
**           that is 8-byte aligned, or a NULL pointer.
**
** {F17321}  When [sqlite3_realloc(P,N)] returns a non-NULL pointer, it first
**           copies the first K bytes of content from P into the newly
**           allocated block, where K is the lesser of N and the size of
**           the buffer P.
**
** {F17322}  When [sqlite3_realloc(P,N)] returns a non-NULL pointer, it first
**           releases the buffer P.
**
** {F17323}  When [sqlite3_realloc(P,N)] returns NULL, the buffer P is
**           not modified or released.
**
** LIMITATIONS:
**
** {A17350}  The pointer arguments to [sqlite3_free()] and [sqlite3_realloc()]
**           must be either NULL or else pointers obtained from a prior
**           invocation of [sqlite3_malloc()] or [sqlite3_realloc()] that have
**           not yet been released.
**
** {A17351}  The application must not read or write any part of
................................................................................
**           [sqlite3_free()] or [sqlite3_realloc()].
*/
SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_malloc(int);
SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_realloc(void*, int);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_free(void*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Memory Allocator Statistics {F17370}
**
** SQLite provides these two interfaces for reporting on the status
** of the [sqlite3_malloc()], [sqlite3_free()], and [sqlite3_realloc()]
** routines, which form the built-in memory allocation subsystem.
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F17371} The [sqlite3_memory_used()] routine returns the number of bytes
**          of memory currently outstanding (malloced but not freed).
**
** {F17373} The [sqlite3_memory_highwater()] routine returns the maximum
**          value of [sqlite3_memory_used()] since the high-water mark
**          was last reset.
**
** {F17374} The values returned by [sqlite3_memory_used()] and
**          [sqlite3_memory_highwater()] include any overhead
**          added by SQLite in its implementation of [sqlite3_malloc()],
**          but not overhead added by the any underlying system library
**          routines that [sqlite3_malloc()] may call.
**
** {F17375} The memory high-water mark is reset to the current value of
**          [sqlite3_memory_used()] if and only if the parameter to
**          [sqlite3_memory_highwater()] is true.  The value returned
**          by [sqlite3_memory_highwater(1)] is the high-water mark
**          prior to the reset.
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 sqlite3_memory_used(void);
SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 sqlite3_memory_highwater(int resetFlag);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Pseudo-Random Number Generator {F17390}
**
** SQLite contains a high-quality pseudo-random number generator (PRNG) used to
** select random ROWIDs when inserting new records into a table that
** already uses the largest possible ROWID.  The PRNG is also used for
** the build-in random() and randomblob() SQL functions.  This interface allows
** applications to access the same PRNG for other purposes.
**
................................................................................
** from the xRandomness method of the default [sqlite3_vfs] object.
** On all subsequent invocations, the pseudo-randomness is generated
** internally and without recourse to the [sqlite3_vfs] xRandomness
** method.
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F17392} The [sqlite3_randomness(N,P)] interface writes N bytes of
**          high-quality pseudo-randomness into buffer P.
*/
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_randomness(int N, void *P);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Compile-Time Authorization Callbacks {F12500}
**
** This routine registers a authorizer callback with a particular
** [database connection], supplied in the first argument.
** The authorizer callback is invoked as SQL statements are being compiled
** by [sqlite3_prepare()] or its variants [sqlite3_prepare_v2()],
** [sqlite3_prepare16()] and [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()].  At various
** points during the compilation process, as logic is being created
................................................................................
**
** Note that the authorizer callback is invoked only during
** [sqlite3_prepare()] or its variants.  Authorization is not
** performed during statement evaluation in [sqlite3_step()].
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F12501} The [sqlite3_set_authorizer(D,...)] interface registers a
**          authorizer callback with database connection D.
**
** {F12502} The authorizer callback is invoked as SQL statements are
**          being compiled.
**
** {F12503} If the authorizer callback returns any value other than
**          [SQLITE_IGNORE], [SQLITE_OK], or [SQLITE_DENY], then
**          the [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or equivalent call that caused
**          the authorizer callback to run shall fail with an
**          [SQLITE_ERROR] error code and an appropriate error message.
**
** {F12504} When the authorizer callback returns [SQLITE_OK], the operation
**          described is processed normally.
**
** {F12505} When the authorizer callback returns [SQLITE_DENY], the
**          [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or equivalent call that caused the
**          authorizer callback to run shall fail
**          with an [SQLITE_ERROR] error code and an error message
**          explaining that access is denied.
**
** {F12506} If the authorizer code (the 2nd parameter to the authorizer
**          callback) is [SQLITE_READ] and the authorizer callback returns
**          [SQLITE_IGNORE], then the prepared statement is constructed to
**          insert a NULL value in place of the table column that would have
**          been read if [SQLITE_OK] had been returned.
**
** {F12507} If the authorizer code (the 2nd parameter to the authorizer
**          callback) is anything other than [SQLITE_READ], then
**          a return of [SQLITE_IGNORE] has the same effect as [SQLITE_DENY].
**
** {F12510} The first parameter to the authorizer callback is a copy of
**          the third parameter to the [sqlite3_set_authorizer()] interface.
**
** {F12511} The second parameter to the callback is an integer
**          [SQLITE_COPY | action code] that specifies the particular action
**          to be authorized.
**
** {F12512} The third through sixth parameters to the callback are
**          zero-terminated strings that contain
**          additional details about the action to be authorized.
**
** {F12520} Each call to [sqlite3_set_authorizer()] overrides
**          any previously installed authorizer.
**
** {F12521} A NULL authorizer means that no authorization
**          callback is invoked.
**
** {F12522} The default authorizer is NULL.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_set_authorizer(
  sqlite3*,
  int (*xAuth)(void*,int,const char*,const char*,const char*,const char*),
  void *pUserData
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Authorizer Return Codes {F12590}
**
** The [sqlite3_set_authorizer | authorizer callback function] must
** return either [SQLITE_OK] or one of these two constants in order
** to signal SQLite whether or not the action is permitted.  See the
** [sqlite3_set_authorizer | authorizer documentation] for additional
** information.
*/
#define SQLITE_DENY   1   /* Abort the SQL statement with an error */
#define SQLITE_IGNORE 2   /* Don't allow access, but don't generate an error */

/*
** CAPI3REF: Authorizer Action Codes {F12550}
**
** The [sqlite3_set_authorizer()] interface registers a callback function
** that is invoked to authorize certain SQL statement actions.  The
** second parameter to the callback is an integer code that specifies
** what action is being authorized.  These are the integer action codes that
** the authorizer callback may be passed.
**
................................................................................
** etc.) if applicable.  The 6th parameter to the authorizer callback
** is the name of the inner-most trigger or view that is responsible for
** the access attempt or NULL if this access attempt is directly from
** top-level SQL code.
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F12551} The second parameter to an
**          [sqlite3_set_authorizer | authorizer callback] is always an integer
**          [SQLITE_COPY | authorizer code] that specifies what action
**          is being authorized.
**
** {F12552} The 3rd and 4th parameters to the
**          [sqlite3_set_authorizer | authorization callback]
**          will be parameters or NULL depending on which
**          [SQLITE_COPY | authorizer code] is used as the second parameter.
**
** {F12553} The 5th parameter to the
**          [sqlite3_set_authorizer | authorizer callback] is the name
**          of the database (example: "main", "temp", etc.) if applicable.
**
** {F12554} The 6th parameter to the
**          [sqlite3_set_authorizer | authorizer callback] is the name
**          of the inner-most trigger or view that is responsible for
**          the access attempt or NULL if this access attempt is directly from
**          top-level SQL code.
*/
/******************************************* 3rd ************ 4th ***********/
#define SQLITE_CREATE_INDEX          1   /* Index Name      Table Name      */
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_ANALYZE              28   /* Table Name      NULL            */
#define SQLITE_CREATE_VTABLE        29   /* Table Name      Module Name     */
#define SQLITE_DROP_VTABLE          30   /* Table Name      Module Name     */
#define SQLITE_FUNCTION             31   /* Function Name   NULL            */
#define SQLITE_COPY                  0   /* No longer used */

/*
** CAPI3REF: Tracing And Profiling Functions {F12280}

**
** These routines register callback functions that can be used for
** tracing and profiling the execution of SQL statements.
**
** The callback function registered by sqlite3_trace() is invoked at
** various times when an SQL statement is being run by [sqlite3_step()].
** The callback returns a UTF-8 rendering of the SQL statement text
................................................................................
** contain a UTF-8 SQL comment that identifies the trigger.
**
** The callback function registered by sqlite3_profile() is invoked
** as each SQL statement finishes.  The profile callback contains
** the original statement text and an estimate of wall-clock time
** of how long that statement took to run.
**
** The sqlite3_profile() API is currently considered experimental and
** is subject to change or removal in a future release.
**
** The trigger reporting feature of the trace callback is considered
** experimental and is subject to change or removal in future releases.
** Future versions of SQLite might also add new trace callback
** invocations.
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F12281} The callback function registered by [sqlite3_trace()] is
**          whenever an SQL statement first begins to execute and
**          whenever a trigger subprogram first begins to run.
**
** {F12282} Each call to [sqlite3_trace()] overrides the previously
**          registered trace callback.
**
** {F12283} A NULL trace callback disables tracing.
**
** {F12284} The first argument to the trace callback is a copy of
**          the pointer which was the 3rd argument to [sqlite3_trace()].
**
** {F12285} The second argument to the trace callback is a
**          zero-terminated UTF-8 string containing the original text
**          of the SQL statement as it was passed into [sqlite3_prepare_v2()]
**          or the equivalent, or an SQL comment indicating the beginning
**          of a trigger subprogram.
**
** {F12287} The callback function registered by [sqlite3_profile()] is invoked
**          as each SQL statement finishes.
**
** {F12288} The first parameter to the profile callback is a copy of
**          the 3rd parameter to [sqlite3_profile()].
**
** {F12289} The second parameter to the profile callback is a
**          zero-terminated UTF-8 string that contains the complete text of
**          the SQL statement as it was processed by [sqlite3_prepare_v2()]
**          or the equivalent.
**
** {F12290} The third parameter to the profile callback is an estimate
**          of the number of nanoseconds of wall-clock time required to
**          run the SQL statement from start to finish.
*/
SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_trace(sqlite3*, void(*xTrace)(void*,const char*), void*);
SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_profile(sqlite3*,
   void(*xProfile)(void*,const char*,sqlite3_uint64), void*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Query Progress Callbacks {F12910}
**
** This routine configures a callback function - the
** progress callback - that is invoked periodically during long
** running calls to [sqlite3_exec()], [sqlite3_step()] and
** [sqlite3_get_table()].  An example use for this
** interface is to keep a GUI updated during a large query.
**
** If the progress callback returns non-zero, the operation is
** interrupted.  This feature can be used to implement a
** "Cancel" button on a GUI dialog box.
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F12911} The callback function registered by sqlite3_progress_handler()
**          is invoked periodically during long running calls to
**          [sqlite3_step()].
**
** {F12912} The progress callback is invoked once for every N virtual
**          machine opcodes, where N is the second argument to
**          the [sqlite3_progress_handler()] call that registered
**          the callback.  If N is less than 1, sqlite3_progress_handler()
**          acts as if a NULL progress handler had been specified.
**
** {F12913} The progress callback itself is identified by the third
**          argument to sqlite3_progress_handler().
**
** {F12914} The fourth argument to sqlite3_progress_handler() is a
**          void pointer passed to the progress callback
**          function each time it is invoked.
**
** {F12915} If a call to [sqlite3_step()] results in fewer than N opcodes
**          being executed, then the progress callback is never invoked.
**
** {F12916} Every call to [sqlite3_progress_handler()]
**          overwrites any previously registered progress handler.
**
** {F12917} If the progress handler callback is NULL then no progress
**          handler is invoked.
**
** {F12918} If the progress callback returns a result other than 0, then
**          the behavior is a if [sqlite3_interrupt()] had been called.

*/
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_progress_handler(sqlite3*, int, int(*)(void*), void*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Opening A New Database Connection {F12700}
**
** These routines open an SQLite database file whose name is given by the
** filename argument. The filename argument is interpreted as UTF-8 for
** sqlite3_open() and sqlite3_open_v2() and as UTF-16 in the native byte
** order for sqlite3_open16(). A [database connection] handle is usually
** returned in *ppDb, even if an error occurs.  The only exception is that
** if SQLite is unable to allocate memory to hold the [sqlite3] object,
................................................................................
** of sqlite3_open() and sqlite3_open_v2() must be UTF-8, not whatever
** codepage is currently defined.  Filenames containing international
** characters must be converted to UTF-8 prior to passing them into
** sqlite3_open() or sqlite3_open_v2().
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F12701} The [sqlite3_open()], [sqlite3_open16()], and
**          [sqlite3_open_v2()] interfaces create a new
**          [database connection] associated with
**          the database file given in their first parameter.
**
** {F12702} The filename argument is interpreted as UTF-8
**          for [sqlite3_open()] and [sqlite3_open_v2()] and as UTF-16
**          in the native byte order for [sqlite3_open16()].
**
** {F12703} A successful invocation of [sqlite3_open()], [sqlite3_open16()],
**          or [sqlite3_open_v2()] writes a pointer to a new
**          [database connection] into *ppDb.
**
** {F12704} The [sqlite3_open()], [sqlite3_open16()], and
**          [sqlite3_open_v2()] interfaces return [SQLITE_OK] upon success,
**          or an appropriate [error code] on failure.
**
** {F12706} The default text encoding for a new database created using
**          [sqlite3_open()] or [sqlite3_open_v2()] will be UTF-8.
**
** {F12707} The default text encoding for a new database created using
**          [sqlite3_open16()] will be UTF-16.
**
** {F12709} The [sqlite3_open(F,D)] interface is equivalent to
**          [sqlite3_open_v2(F,D,G,0)] where the G parameter is
**          [SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE]|[SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE].
**
** {F12711} If the G parameter to [sqlite3_open_v2(F,D,G,V)] contains the
**          bit value [SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY] then the database is opened
**          for reading only.
**
** {F12712} If the G parameter to [sqlite3_open_v2(F,D,G,V)] contains the
**          bit value [SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE] then the database is opened
**          reading and writing if possible, or for reading only if the
**          file is write protected by the operating system.
**
** {F12713} If the G parameter to [sqlite3_open(v2(F,D,G,V)] omits the
**          bit value [SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE] and the database does not
**          previously exist, an error is returned.
**
** {F12714} If the G parameter to [sqlite3_open(v2(F,D,G,V)] contains the
**          bit value [SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE] and the database does not
**          previously exist, then an attempt is made to create and
**          initialize the database.
**
** {F12717} If the filename argument to [sqlite3_open()], [sqlite3_open16()],
**          or [sqlite3_open_v2()] is ":memory:", then an private,
**          ephemeral, in-memory database is created for the connection.
**          <todo>Is SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE|SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE required
**          in sqlite3_open_v2()?</todo>
**
** {F12719} If the filename is NULL or an empty string, then a private,
**          ephemeral on-disk database will be created.
**          <todo>Is SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE|SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE required
**          in sqlite3_open_v2()?</todo>
**
** {F12721} The [database connection] created by [sqlite3_open_v2(F,D,G,V)]
**          will use the [sqlite3_vfs] object identified by the V parameter,
**          or the default [sqlite3_vfs] object if V is a NULL pointer.
**
** {F12723} Two [database connections] will share a common cache if both were
**          opened with the same VFS while [shared cache mode] was enabled and
**          if both filenames compare equal using memcmp() after having been
**          processed by the [sqlite3_vfs | xFullPathname] method of the VFS.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_open(
  const char *filename,   /* Database filename (UTF-8) */
  sqlite3 **ppDb          /* OUT: SQLite db handle */
................................................................................
  const char *filename,   /* Database filename (UTF-8) */
  sqlite3 **ppDb,         /* OUT: SQLite db handle */
  int flags,              /* Flags */
  const char *zVfs        /* Name of VFS module to use */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Error Codes And Messages {F12800}
**
** The sqlite3_errcode() interface returns the numeric [result code] or
** [extended result code] for the most recent failed sqlite3_* API call
** associated with a [database connection]. If a prior API call failed
** but the most recent API call succeeded, the return value from
** sqlite3_errcode() is undefined.
**
................................................................................
**
** If an interface fails with SQLITE_MISUSE, that means the interface
** was invoked incorrectly by the application.  In that case, the
** error code and message may or may not be set.
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F12801} The [sqlite3_errcode(D)] interface returns the numeric
**          [result code] or [extended result code] for the most recently
**          failed interface call associated with the [database connection] D.
**
** {F12803} The [sqlite3_errmsg(D)] and [sqlite3_errmsg16(D)]
**          interfaces return English-language text that describes
**          the error in the mostly recently failed interface call,
**          encoded as either UTF-8 or UTF-16 respectively.
**
** {F12807} The strings returned by [sqlite3_errmsg()] and [sqlite3_errmsg16()]
**          are valid until the next SQLite interface call.
**
** {F12808} Calls to API routines that do not return an error code
**          (example: [sqlite3_data_count()]) do not
**          change the error code or message returned by
**          [sqlite3_errcode()], [sqlite3_errmsg()], or [sqlite3_errmsg16()].
**
** {F12809} Interfaces that are not associated with a specific
**          [database connection] (examples:
**          [sqlite3_mprintf()] or [sqlite3_enable_shared_cache()]
**          do not change the values returned by
**          [sqlite3_errcode()], [sqlite3_errmsg()], or [sqlite3_errmsg16()].
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_errcode(sqlite3 *db);
SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_errmsg(sqlite3*);
SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_errmsg16(sqlite3*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: SQL Statement Object {F13000}
** KEYWORDS: {prepared statement} {prepared statements}
**
** An instance of this object represents a single SQL statement.
** This object is variously known as a "prepared statement" or a
** "compiled SQL statement" or simply as a "statement".
**
** The life of a statement object goes something like this:
................................................................................
**
** Refer to documentation on individual methods above for additional
** information.
*/
typedef struct sqlite3_stmt sqlite3_stmt;

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-time Limits {F12760}
**
** This interface allows the size of various constructs to be limited
** on a connection by connection basis.  The first parameter is the
** [database connection] whose limit is to be set or queried.  The
** second parameter is one of the [limit categories] that define a
** class of constructs to be size limited.  The third parameter is the
** new limit for that construct.  The function returns the old limit.
................................................................................
** created by an untrusted script can be contained using the
** [max_page_count] [PRAGMA].
**
** New run-time limit categories may be added in future releases.
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F12762} A successful call to [sqlite3_limit(D,C,V)] where V is
**          positive changes the limit on the size of construct C in the
**          [database connection] D to the lesser of V and the hard upper
**          bound on the size of C that is set at compile-time.
**
** {F12766} A successful call to [sqlite3_limit(D,C,V)] where V is negative
**          leaves the state of the [database connection] D unchanged.
**
** {F12769} A successful call to [sqlite3_limit(D,C,V)] returns the
**          value of the limit on the size of construct C in the
**          [database connection] D as it was prior to the call.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_limit(sqlite3*, int id, int newVal);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Limit Categories {F12790}
** KEYWORDS: {limit category} {limit categories}
**
** These constants define various aspects of a [database connection]
** that can be limited in size by calls to [sqlite3_limit()].
** The meanings of the various limits are as follows:
**
** <dl>
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_LIMIT_VDBE_OP                   5
#define SQLITE_LIMIT_FUNCTION_ARG              6
#define SQLITE_LIMIT_ATTACHED                  7
#define SQLITE_LIMIT_LIKE_PATTERN_LENGTH       8
#define SQLITE_LIMIT_VARIABLE_NUMBER           9

/*
** CAPI3REF: Compiling An SQL Statement {F13010}
** KEYWORDS: {SQL statement compiler}
**
** To execute an SQL query, it must first be compiled into a byte-code
** program using one of these routines.
**
** The first argument, "db", is a [database connection] obtained from a
** prior call to [sqlite3_open()], [sqlite3_open_v2()] or [sqlite3_open16()].
................................................................................
** to find the underlying cause of the problem. With the "v2" prepare
** interfaces, the underlying reason for the error is returned immediately.
** </li>
** </ol>
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F13011} The [sqlite3_prepare(db,zSql,...)] and
**          [sqlite3_prepare_v2(db,zSql,...)] interfaces interpret the
**          text in their zSql parameter as UTF-8.
**
** {F13012} The [sqlite3_prepare16(db,zSql,...)] and
**          [sqlite3_prepare16_v2(db,zSql,...)] interfaces interpret the
**          text in their zSql parameter as UTF-16 in the native byte order.
**
** {F13013} If the nByte argument to [sqlite3_prepare_v2(db,zSql,nByte,...)]
**          and its variants is less than zero, the SQL text is
**          read from zSql is read up to the first zero terminator.
**
** {F13014} If the nByte argument to [sqlite3_prepare_v2(db,zSql,nByte,...)]
**          and its variants is non-negative, then at most nBytes bytes of
**          SQL text is read from zSql.
**
** {F13015} In [sqlite3_prepare_v2(db,zSql,N,P,pzTail)] and its variants
**          if the zSql input text contains more than one SQL statement
**          and pzTail is not NULL, then *pzTail is made to point to the
**          first byte past the end of the first SQL statement in zSql.
**          <todo>What does *pzTail point to if there is one statement?</todo>
**
** {F13016} A successful call to [sqlite3_prepare_v2(db,zSql,N,ppStmt,...)]
**          or one of its variants writes into *ppStmt a pointer to a new
**          [prepared statement] or a pointer to NULL if zSql contains
**          nothing other than whitespace or comments.
**
** {F13019} The [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] interface and its variants return
**          [SQLITE_OK] or an appropriate [error code] upon failure.
**
** {F13021} Before [sqlite3_prepare(db,zSql,nByte,ppStmt,pzTail)] or its
**          variants returns an error (any value other than [SQLITE_OK]),
**          they first set *ppStmt to NULL.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_prepare(
  sqlite3 *db,            /* Database handle */
  const char *zSql,       /* SQL statement, UTF-8 encoded */
  int nByte,              /* Maximum length of zSql in bytes. */
................................................................................
  const void *zSql,       /* SQL statement, UTF-16 encoded */
  int nByte,              /* Maximum length of zSql in bytes. */
  sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt,  /* OUT: Statement handle */
  const void **pzTail     /* OUT: Pointer to unused portion of zSql */
);

/*
** CAPIREF: Retrieving Statement SQL {F13100}
**
** This interface can be used to retrieve a saved copy of the original
** SQL text used to create a [prepared statement] if that statement was
** compiled using either [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()].
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F13101} If the [prepared statement] passed as the argument to
**          [sqlite3_sql()] was compiled using either [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or
**          [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()], then [sqlite3_sql()] returns
**          a pointer to a zero-terminated string containing a UTF-8 rendering
**          of the original SQL statement.
**
** {F13102} If the [prepared statement] passed as the argument to
**          [sqlite3_sql()] was compiled using either [sqlite3_prepare()] or
**          [sqlite3_prepare16()], then [sqlite3_sql()] returns a NULL pointer.
**
** {F13103} The string returned by [sqlite3_sql(S)] is valid until the
**          [prepared statement] S is deleted using [sqlite3_finalize(S)].
*/
SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_sql(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Dynamically Typed Value Object {F15000}
** KEYWORDS: {protected sqlite3_value} {unprotected sqlite3_value}
**
** SQLite uses the sqlite3_value object to represent all values
** that can be stored in a database table. SQLite uses dynamic typing
** for the values it stores. Values stored in sqlite3_value objects
** can be integers, floating point values, strings, BLOBs, or NULL.
**
................................................................................
** [sqlite3_result_value()] and [sqlite3_bind_value()].
** The [sqlite3_value_blob | sqlite3_value_type()] family of
** interfaces require protected sqlite3_value objects.
*/
typedef struct Mem sqlite3_value;

/*
** CAPI3REF: SQL Function Context Object {F16001}
**
** The context in which an SQL function executes is stored in an
** sqlite3_context object.  A pointer to an sqlite3_context object
** is always first parameter to [application-defined SQL functions].
** The application-defined SQL function implementation will pass this
** pointer through into calls to [sqlite3_result_int | sqlite3_result()],
** [sqlite3_aggregate_context()], [sqlite3_user_data()],
** [sqlite3_context_db_handle()], [sqlite3_get_auxdata()],
** and/or [sqlite3_set_auxdata()].
*/
typedef struct sqlite3_context sqlite3_context;

/*
** CAPI3REF: Binding Values To Prepared Statements {F13500}
** KEYWORDS: {host parameter} {host parameters} {host parameter name}
** KEYWORDS: {SQL parameter} {SQL parameters} {parameter binding}
**
** In the SQL strings input to [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] and its variants,
** literals may be replaced by a parameter in one of these forms:
**
** <ul>
................................................................................
** panic rather than return SQLITE_MISUSE.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_bind_parameter_count()],
** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_name()], and [sqlite3_bind_parameter_index()].
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F13506} The [SQL statement compiler] recognizes tokens of the forms
**          "?", "?NNN", "$VVV", ":VVV", and "@VVV" as SQL parameters,
**          where NNN is any sequence of one or more digits
**          and where VVV is any sequence of one or more alphanumeric
**          characters or "::" optionally followed by a string containing
**          no spaces and contained within parentheses.
**
** {F13509} The initial value of an SQL parameter is NULL.
**
** {F13512} The index of an "?" SQL parameter is one larger than the
**          largest index of SQL parameter to the left, or 1 if
**          the "?" is the leftmost SQL parameter.
**
** {F13515} The index of an "?NNN" SQL parameter is the integer NNN.
**
** {F13518} The index of an ":VVV", "$VVV", or "@VVV" SQL parameter is
**          the same as the index of leftmost occurrences of the same
**          parameter, or one more than the largest index over all
**          parameters to the left if this is the first occurrence
**          of this parameter, or 1 if this is the leftmost parameter.
**
** {F13521} The [SQL statement compiler] fails with an [SQLITE_RANGE]
**          error if the index of an SQL parameter is less than 1
**          or greater than the compile-time SQLITE_MAX_VARIABLE_NUMBER
**          parameter.
**
** {F13524} Calls to [sqlite3_bind_text | sqlite3_bind(S,N,V,...)]
**          associate the value V with all SQL parameters having an
**          index of N in the [prepared statement] S.
**
** {F13527} Calls to [sqlite3_bind_text | sqlite3_bind(S,N,...)]
**          override prior calls with the same values of S and N.
**
** {F13530} Bindings established by [sqlite3_bind_text | sqlite3_bind(S,...)]
**          persist across calls to [sqlite3_reset(S)].
**
** {F13533} In calls to [sqlite3_bind_blob(S,N,V,L,D)],
**          [sqlite3_bind_text(S,N,V,L,D)], or
**          [sqlite3_bind_text16(S,N,V,L,D)] SQLite binds the first L
**          bytes of the BLOB or string pointed to by V, when L
**          is non-negative.
**
** {F13536} In calls to [sqlite3_bind_text(S,N,V,L,D)] or
**          [sqlite3_bind_text16(S,N,V,L,D)] SQLite binds characters
**          from V through the first zero character when L is negative.
**
** {F13539} In calls to [sqlite3_bind_blob(S,N,V,L,D)],
**          [sqlite3_bind_text(S,N,V,L,D)], or
**          [sqlite3_bind_text16(S,N,V,L,D)] when D is the special
**          constant [SQLITE_STATIC], SQLite assumes that the value V
**          is held in static unmanaged space that will not change
**          during the lifetime of the binding.
**
** {F13542} In calls to [sqlite3_bind_blob(S,N,V,L,D)],
**          [sqlite3_bind_text(S,N,V,L,D)], or
**          [sqlite3_bind_text16(S,N,V,L,D)] when D is the special
**          constant [SQLITE_TRANSIENT], the routine makes a
**          private copy of the value V before it returns.
**
** {F13545} In calls to [sqlite3_bind_blob(S,N,V,L,D)],
**          [sqlite3_bind_text(S,N,V,L,D)], or
**          [sqlite3_bind_text16(S,N,V,L,D)] when D is a pointer to
**          a function, SQLite invokes that function to destroy the
**          value V after it has finished using the value V.
**
** {F13548} In calls to [sqlite3_bind_zeroblob(S,N,V,L)] the value bound
**          is a BLOB of L bytes, or a zero-length BLOB if L is negative.
**
** {F13551} In calls to [sqlite3_bind_value(S,N,V)] the V argument may
**          be either a [protected sqlite3_value] object or an
**          [unprotected sqlite3_value] object.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_blob(sqlite3_stmt*, int, const void*, int n, void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_double(sqlite3_stmt*, int, double);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_int(sqlite3_stmt*, int, int);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_int64(sqlite3_stmt*, int, sqlite3_int64);
................................................................................
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_null(sqlite3_stmt*, int);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_text(sqlite3_stmt*, int, const char*, int n, void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_text16(sqlite3_stmt*, int, const void*, int, void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_value(sqlite3_stmt*, int, const sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_zeroblob(sqlite3_stmt*, int, int n);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Number Of SQL Parameters {F13600}
**
** This routine can be used to find the number of [SQL parameters]
** in a [prepared statement].  SQL parameters are tokens of the
** form "?", "?NNN", ":AAA", "$AAA", or "@AAA" that serve as
** placeholders for values that are [sqlite3_bind_blob | bound]
** to the parameters at a later time.
**
................................................................................
**
** See also: [sqlite3_bind_blob|sqlite3_bind()],
** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_name()], and
** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_index()].
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F13601} The [sqlite3_bind_parameter_count(S)] interface returns
**          the largest index of all SQL parameters in the
**          [prepared statement] S, or 0 if S contains no SQL parameters.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_parameter_count(sqlite3_stmt*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Name Of A Host Parameter {F13620}
**
** This routine returns a pointer to the name of the n-th
** [SQL parameter] in a [prepared statement].
** SQL parameters of the form "?NNN" or ":AAA" or "@AAA" or "$AAA"
** have a name which is the string "?NNN" or ":AAA" or "@AAA" or "$AAA"
** respectively.
** In other words, the initial ":" or "$" or "@" or "?"
................................................................................
**
** See also: [sqlite3_bind_blob|sqlite3_bind()],
** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_count()], and
** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_index()].
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F13621} The [sqlite3_bind_parameter_name(S,N)] interface returns
**          a UTF-8 rendering of the name of the SQL parameter in
**          the [prepared statement] S having index N, or
**          NULL if there is no SQL parameter with index N or if the
**          parameter with index N is an anonymous parameter "?".
*/
SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_bind_parameter_name(sqlite3_stmt*, int);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Index Of A Parameter With A Given Name {F13640}
**
** Return the index of an SQL parameter given its name.  The
** index value returned is suitable for use as the second
** parameter to [sqlite3_bind_blob|sqlite3_bind()].  A zero
** is returned if no matching parameter is found.  The parameter
** name must be given in UTF-8 even if the original statement
** was prepared from UTF-16 text using [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()].
................................................................................
**
** See also: [sqlite3_bind_blob|sqlite3_bind()],
** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_count()], and
** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_index()].
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F13641} The [sqlite3_bind_parameter_index(S,N)] interface returns
**          the index of SQL parameter in the [prepared statement]
**          S whose name matches the UTF-8 string N, or 0 if there is
**          no match.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_parameter_index(sqlite3_stmt*, const char *zName);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Reset All Bindings On A Prepared Statement {F13660}
**
** Contrary to the intuition of many, [sqlite3_reset()] does not reset
** the [sqlite3_bind_blob | bindings] on a [prepared statement].
** Use this routine to reset all host parameters to NULL.
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F13661} The [sqlite3_clear_bindings(S)] interface resets all SQL
**          parameter bindings in the [prepared statement] S back to NULL.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_clear_bindings(sqlite3_stmt*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Number Of Columns In A Result Set {F13710}
**
** Return the number of columns in the result set returned by the
** [prepared statement]. This routine returns 0 if pStmt is an SQL
** statement that does not return data (for example an [UPDATE]).
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F13711} The [sqlite3_column_count(S)] interface returns the number of
**          columns in the result set generated by the [prepared statement] S,
**          or 0 if S does not generate a result set.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_column_count(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Column Names In A Result Set {F13720}
**
** These routines return the name assigned to a particular column
** in the result set of a [SELECT] statement.  The sqlite3_column_name()
** interface returns a pointer to a zero-terminated UTF-8 string
** and sqlite3_column_name16() returns a pointer to a zero-terminated
** UTF-16 string.  The first parameter is the [prepared statement]
** that implements the [SELECT] statement. The second parameter is the
................................................................................
** The name of a result column is the value of the "AS" clause for
** that column, if there is an AS clause.  If there is no AS clause
** then the name of the column is unspecified and may change from
** one release of SQLite to the next.
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F13721} A successful invocation of the [sqlite3_column_name(S,N)]
**          interface returns the name of the Nth column (where 0 is
**          the leftmost column) for the result set of the
**          [prepared statement] S as a zero-terminated UTF-8 string.
**
** {F13723} A successful invocation of the [sqlite3_column_name16(S,N)]
**          interface returns the name of the Nth column (where 0 is
**          the leftmost column) for the result set of the
**          [prepared statement] S as a zero-terminated UTF-16 string
**          in the native byte order.
**
** {F13724} The [sqlite3_column_name()] and [sqlite3_column_name16()]
**          interfaces return a NULL pointer if they are unable to
**          allocate memory to hold their normal return strings.
**
** {F13725} If the N parameter to [sqlite3_column_name(S,N)] or
**          [sqlite3_column_name16(S,N)] is out of range, then the
**          interfaces return a NULL pointer.
**
** {F13726} The strings returned by [sqlite3_column_name(S,N)] and
**          [sqlite3_column_name16(S,N)] are valid until the next
**          call to either routine with the same S and N parameters
**          or until [sqlite3_finalize(S)] is called.
**
** {F13727} When a result column of a [SELECT] statement contains
**          an AS clause, the name of that column is the identifier
**          to the right of the AS keyword.
*/
SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_column_name(sqlite3_stmt*, int N);
SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_column_name16(sqlite3_stmt*, int N);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Source Of Data In A Query Result {F13740}
**
** These routines provide a means to determine what column of what
** table in which database a result of a [SELECT] statement comes from.
** The name of the database or table or column can be returned as
** either a UTF-8 or UTF-16 string.  The _database_ routines return
** the database name, the _table_ routines return the table name, and
** the origin_ routines return the column name.
................................................................................
** {A13751}
** If two or more threads call one or more of these routines against the same
** prepared statement and column at the same time then the results are
** undefined.
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F13741} The [sqlite3_column_database_name(S,N)] interface returns either
**          the UTF-8 zero-terminated name of the database from which the
**          Nth result column of the [prepared statement] S is extracted,
**          or NULL if the Nth column of S is a general expression
**          or if unable to allocate memory to store the name.
**
** {F13742} The [sqlite3_column_database_name16(S,N)] interface returns either
**          the UTF-16 native byte order zero-terminated name of the database
**          from which the Nth result column of the [prepared statement] S is
**          extracted, or NULL if the Nth column of S is a general expression
**          or if unable to allocate memory to store the name.
**
** {F13743} The [sqlite3_column_table_name(S,N)] interface returns either
**          the UTF-8 zero-terminated name of the table from which the
**          Nth result column of the [prepared statement] S is extracted,
**          or NULL if the Nth column of S is a general expression
**          or if unable to allocate memory to store the name.
**
** {F13744} The [sqlite3_column_table_name16(S,N)] interface returns either
**          the UTF-16 native byte order zero-terminated name of the table
**          from which the Nth result column of the [prepared statement] S is
**          extracted, or NULL if the Nth column of S is a general expression
**          or if unable to allocate memory to store the name.
**
** {F13745} The [sqlite3_column_origin_name(S,N)] interface returns either
**          the UTF-8 zero-terminated name of the table column from which the
**          Nth result column of the [prepared statement] S is extracted,
**          or NULL if the Nth column of S is a general expression
**          or if unable to allocate memory to store the name.
**
** {F13746} The [sqlite3_column_origin_name16(S,N)] interface returns either
**          the UTF-16 native byte order zero-terminated name of the table
**          column from which the Nth result column of the
**          [prepared statement] S is extracted, or NULL if the Nth column
**          of S is a general expression or if unable to allocate memory
**          to store the name.
**
** {F13748} The return values from
**          [sqlite3_column_database_name | column metadata interfaces]
**          are valid for the lifetime of the [prepared statement]
**          or until the encoding is changed by another metadata
**          interface call for the same prepared statement and column.
**
** LIMITATIONS:
**
** {A13751} If two or more threads call one or more
**          [sqlite3_column_database_name | column metadata interfaces]
**          for the same [prepared statement] and result column
**          at the same time then the results are undefined.
*/
SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_column_database_name(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
................................................................................
SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_column_database_name16(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_column_table_name(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_column_table_name16(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_column_origin_name(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_column_origin_name16(sqlite3_stmt*,int);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Declared Datatype Of A Query Result {F13760}
**
** The first parameter is a [prepared statement].
** If this statement is a [SELECT] statement and the Nth column of the
** returned result set of that [SELECT] is a table column (not an
** expression or subquery) then the declared type of the table
** column is returned.  If the Nth column of the result set is an
** expression or subquery, then a NULL pointer is returned.
................................................................................
** data stored in that column is of the declared type.  SQLite is
** strongly typed, but the typing is dynamic not static.  Type
** is associated with individual values, not with the containers
** used to hold those values.
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F13761}  A successful call to [sqlite3_column_decltype(S,N)] returns a
**           zero-terminated UTF-8 string containing the declared datatype
**           of the table column that appears as the Nth column (numbered
**           from 0) of the result set to the [prepared statement] S.
**
** {F13762}  A successful call to [sqlite3_column_decltype16(S,N)]
**           returns a zero-terminated UTF-16 native byte order string
**           containing the declared datatype of the table column that appears
**           as the Nth column (numbered from 0) of the result set to the
**           [prepared statement] S.
**
** {F13763}  If N is less than 0 or N is greater than or equal to
**           the number of columns in the [prepared statement] S,
**           or if the Nth column of S is an expression or subquery rather
**           than a table column, or if a memory allocation failure
**           occurs during encoding conversions, then
**           calls to [sqlite3_column_decltype(S,N)] or
**           [sqlite3_column_decltype16(S,N)] return NULL.
*/
SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_column_decltype(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_column_decltype16(sqlite3_stmt*,int);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Evaluate An SQL Statement {F13200}
**
** After a [prepared statement] has been prepared using either
** [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()] or one of the legacy
** interfaces [sqlite3_prepare()] or [sqlite3_prepare16()], this function
** must be called one or more times to evaluate the statement.
**
** The details of the behavior of the sqlite3_step() interface depend
................................................................................
** using either [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()] instead
** of the legacy [sqlite3_prepare()] and [sqlite3_prepare16()] interfaces,
** then the more specific [error codes] are returned directly
** by sqlite3_step().  The use of the "v2" interface is recommended.
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F13202}  If the [prepared statement] S is ready to be run, then
**           [sqlite3_step(S)] advances that prepared statement until
**           completion or until it is ready to return another row of the
**           result set, or until an [sqlite3_interrupt | interrupt]
**           or a run-time error occurs.
**
** {F15304}  When a call to [sqlite3_step(S)] causes the [prepared statement]
**           S to run to completion, the function returns [SQLITE_DONE].
**
** {F15306}  When a call to [sqlite3_step(S)] stops because it is ready to
**           return another row of the result set, it returns [SQLITE_ROW].
**
** {F15308}  If a call to [sqlite3_step(S)] encounters an
**           [sqlite3_interrupt | interrupt] or a run-time error,
**           it returns an appropriate error code that is not one of
**           [SQLITE_OK], [SQLITE_ROW], or [SQLITE_DONE].
**
** {F15310}  If an [sqlite3_interrupt | interrupt] or a run-time error
**           occurs during a call to [sqlite3_step(S)]
**           for a [prepared statement] S created using
**           legacy interfaces [sqlite3_prepare()] or
**           [sqlite3_prepare16()], then the function returns either
**           [SQLITE_ERROR], [SQLITE_BUSY], or [SQLITE_MISUSE].
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_step(sqlite3_stmt*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Number of columns in a result set {F13770}
**
** Returns the number of values in the current row of the result set.
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F13771}  After a call to [sqlite3_step(S)] that returns [SQLITE_ROW],
**           the [sqlite3_data_count(S)] routine will return the same value
**           as the [sqlite3_column_count(S)] function.
**
** {F13772}  After [sqlite3_step(S)] has returned any value other than
**           [SQLITE_ROW] or before [sqlite3_step(S)] has been called on the
**           [prepared statement] for the first time since it was
**           [sqlite3_prepare | prepared] or [sqlite3_reset | reset],
**           the [sqlite3_data_count(S)] routine returns zero.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_data_count(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Fundamental Datatypes {F10265}
** KEYWORDS: SQLITE_TEXT
**
** {F10266} Every value in SQLite has one of five fundamental datatypes:
**
** <ul>
** <li> 64-bit signed integer
** <li> 64-bit IEEE floating point number
** <li> string
** <li> BLOB
** <li> NULL
................................................................................
# undef SQLITE_TEXT
#else
# define SQLITE_TEXT     3
#endif
#define SQLITE3_TEXT     3

/*
** CAPI3REF: Result Values From A Query {F13800}
** KEYWORDS: {column access functions}
**
** These routines form the "result set query" interface.
**
** These routines return information about a single column of the current
** result row of a query.  In every case the first argument is a pointer
** to the [prepared statement] that is being evaluated (the [sqlite3_stmt*]
................................................................................
** of these routines, a default value is returned.  The default value
** is either the integer 0, the floating point number 0.0, or a NULL
** pointer.  Subsequent calls to [sqlite3_errcode()] will return
** [SQLITE_NOMEM].
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F13803} The [sqlite3_column_blob(S,N)] interface converts the
**          Nth column in the current row of the result set for
**          the [prepared statement] S into a BLOB and then returns a
**          pointer to the converted value.
**
** {F13806} The [sqlite3_column_bytes(S,N)] interface returns the
**          number of bytes in the BLOB or string (exclusive of the
**          zero terminator on the string) that was returned by the
**          most recent call to [sqlite3_column_blob(S,N)] or
**          [sqlite3_column_text(S,N)].
**
** {F13809} The [sqlite3_column_bytes16(S,N)] interface returns the
**          number of bytes in the string (exclusive of the
**          zero terminator on the string) that was returned by the
**          most recent call to [sqlite3_column_text16(S,N)].
**
** {F13812} The [sqlite3_column_double(S,N)] interface converts the
**          Nth column in the current row of the result set for the
**          [prepared statement] S into a floating point value and
**          returns a copy of that value.
**
** {F13815} The [sqlite3_column_int(S,N)] interface converts the
**          Nth column in the current row of the result set for the
**          [prepared statement] S into a 64-bit signed integer and
**          returns the lower 32 bits of that integer.
**
** {F13818} The [sqlite3_column_int64(S,N)] interface converts the
**          Nth column in the current row of the result set for the
**          [prepared statement] S into a 64-bit signed integer and
**          returns a copy of that integer.
**
** {F13821} The [sqlite3_column_text(S,N)] interface converts the
**          Nth column in the current row of the result set for
**          the [prepared statement] S into a zero-terminated UTF-8
**          string and returns a pointer to that string.
**
** {F13824} The [sqlite3_column_text16(S,N)] interface converts the
**          Nth column in the current row of the result set for the
**          [prepared statement] S into a zero-terminated 2-byte
**          aligned UTF-16 native byte order string and returns
**          a pointer to that string.
**
** {F13827} The [sqlite3_column_type(S,N)] interface returns
**          one of [SQLITE_NULL], [SQLITE_INTEGER], [SQLITE_FLOAT],
**          [SQLITE_TEXT], or [SQLITE_BLOB] as appropriate for
**          the Nth column in the current row of the result set for
**          the [prepared statement] S.
**
** {F13830} The [sqlite3_column_value(S,N)] interface returns a
**          pointer to an [unprotected sqlite3_value] object for the
**          Nth column in the current row of the result set for
**          the [prepared statement] S.
*/
SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_column_blob(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_column_bytes(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_column_bytes16(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
................................................................................
SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 sqlite3_column_int64(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
SQLITE_API const unsigned char *sqlite3_column_text(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_column_text16(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_column_type(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
SQLITE_API sqlite3_value *sqlite3_column_value(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Destroy A Prepared Statement Object {F13300}
**
** The sqlite3_finalize() function is called to delete a [prepared statement].
** If the statement was executed successfully or not executed at all, then
** SQLITE_OK is returned. If execution of the statement failed then an
** [error code] or [extended error code] is returned.
**
** This routine can be called at any point during the execution of the
................................................................................
** encountering an error or an [sqlite3_interrupt | interrupt].
** Incomplete updates may be rolled back and transactions canceled,
** depending on the circumstances, and the
** [error code] returned will be [SQLITE_ABORT].
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F11302} The [sqlite3_finalize(S)] interface destroys the
**          [prepared statement] S and releases all
**          memory and file resources held by that object.
**
** {F11304} If the most recent call to [sqlite3_step(S)] for the
**          [prepared statement] S returned an error,
**          then [sqlite3_finalize(S)] returns that same error.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_finalize(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Reset A Prepared Statement Object {F13330}
**
** The sqlite3_reset() function is called to reset a [prepared statement]
** object back to its initial state, ready to be re-executed.
** Any SQL statement variables that had values bound to them using
** the [sqlite3_bind_blob | sqlite3_bind_*() API] retain their values.
** Use [sqlite3_clear_bindings()] to reset the bindings.
**
** {F11332} The [sqlite3_reset(S)] interface resets the [prepared statement] S
**          back to the beginning of its program.
**
** {F11334} If the most recent call to [sqlite3_step(S)] for the
**          [prepared statement] S returned [SQLITE_ROW] or [SQLITE_DONE],
**          or if [sqlite3_step(S)] has never before been called on S,
**          then [sqlite3_reset(S)] returns [SQLITE_OK].
**
** {F11336} If the most recent call to [sqlite3_step(S)] for the
**          [prepared statement] S indicated an error, then
**          [sqlite3_reset(S)] returns an appropriate [error code].
**
** {F11338} The [sqlite3_reset(S)] interface does not change the values
**          of any [sqlite3_bind_blob|bindings] on the [prepared statement] S.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_reset(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Create Or Redefine SQL Functions {F16100}
** KEYWORDS: {function creation routines}
** KEYWORDS: {application-defined SQL function}
** KEYWORDS: {application-defined SQL functions}
**
** These two functions (collectively known as "function creation routines")
** are used to add SQL functions or aggregates or to redefine the behavior
** of existing SQL functions or aggregates.  The only difference between the
................................................................................
** functions with the same name but with either differing numbers of
** arguments or differing preferred text encodings.  SQLite will use
** the implementation most closely matches the way in which the
** SQL function is used.
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F16103} The [sqlite3_create_function16()] interface behaves exactly
**          like [sqlite3_create_function()] in every way except that it
**          interprets the zFunctionName argument as zero-terminated UTF-16
**          native byte order instead of as zero-terminated UTF-8.
**
** {F16106} A successful invocation of
**          the [sqlite3_create_function(D,X,N,E,...)] interface registers
**          or replaces callback functions in the [database connection] D
**          used to implement the SQL function named X with N parameters
**          and having a preferred text encoding of E.
**
** {F16109} A successful call to [sqlite3_create_function(D,X,N,E,P,F,S,L)]
**          replaces the P, F, S, and L values from any prior calls with
**          the same D, X, N, and E values.
**
** {F16112} The [sqlite3_create_function(D,X,...)] interface fails with
**          a return code of [SQLITE_ERROR] if the SQL function name X is
**          longer than 255 bytes exclusive of the zero terminator.
**
** {F16118} Either F must be NULL and S and L are non-NULL or else F
**          is non-NULL and S and L are NULL, otherwise
**          [sqlite3_create_function(D,X,N,E,P,F,S,L)] returns [SQLITE_ERROR].
**
** {F16121} The [sqlite3_create_function(D,...)] interface fails with an
**          error code of [SQLITE_BUSY] if there exist [prepared statements]
**          associated with the [database connection] D.
**
** {F16124} The [sqlite3_create_function(D,X,N,...)] interface fails with an
**          error code of [SQLITE_ERROR] if parameter N (specifying the number
**          of arguments to the SQL function being registered) is less
**          than -1 or greater than 127.
**
** {F16127} When N is non-negative, the [sqlite3_create_function(D,X,N,...)]
**          interface causes callbacks to be invoked for the SQL function
**          named X when the number of arguments to the SQL function is
**          exactly N.
**
** {F16130} When N is -1, the [sqlite3_create_function(D,X,N,...)]
**          interface causes callbacks to be invoked for the SQL function
**          named X with any number of arguments.
**
** {F16133} When calls to [sqlite3_create_function(D,X,N,...)]
**          specify multiple implementations of the same function X
**          and when one implementation has N>=0 and the other has N=(-1)
**          the implementation with a non-zero N is preferred.
**
** {F16136} When calls to [sqlite3_create_function(D,X,N,E,...)]
**          specify multiple implementations of the same function X with
**          the same number of arguments N but with different
**          encodings E, then the implementation where E matches the
**          database encoding is preferred.
**
** {F16139} For an aggregate SQL function created using
**          [sqlite3_create_function(D,X,N,E,P,0,S,L)] the finalizer
**          function L will always be invoked exactly once if the
**          step function S is called one or more times.
**
** {F16142} When SQLite invokes either the xFunc or xStep function of
**          an application-defined SQL function or aggregate created
**          by [sqlite3_create_function()] or [sqlite3_create_function16()],
**          then the array of [sqlite3_value] objects passed as the
**          third parameter are always [protected sqlite3_value] objects.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_create_function(
  sqlite3 *db,
................................................................................
  void *pApp,
  void (*xFunc)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
  void (*xStep)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
  void (*xFinal)(sqlite3_context*)
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Text Encodings {F10267}
**
** These constant define integer codes that represent the various
** text encodings supported by SQLite.
*/
#define SQLITE_UTF8           1
#define SQLITE_UTF16LE        2
#define SQLITE_UTF16BE        3
#define SQLITE_UTF16          4    /* Use native byte order */
#define SQLITE_ANY            5    /* sqlite3_create_function only */
#define SQLITE_UTF16_ALIGNED  8    /* sqlite3_create_collation only */

/*
** CAPI3REF: Obsolete Functions

**
** These functions are all now obsolete.  In order to maintain
** backwards compatibility with older code, we continue to support
** these functions.  However, new development projects should avoid

** the use of these functions.  To help encourage people to avoid
** using these functions, we are not going to tell you want they do.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_aggregate_count(sqlite3_context*);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_expired(sqlite3_stmt*);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_transfer_bindings(sqlite3_stmt*, sqlite3_stmt*);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_global_recover(void);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_thread_cleanup(void);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_memory_alarm(void(*)(void*,sqlite3_int64,int),void*,sqlite3_int64);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Obtaining SQL Function Parameter Values {F15100}
**
** The C-language implementation of SQL functions and aggregates uses
** this set of interface routines to access the parameter values on
** the function or aggregate.
**
** The xFunc (for scalar functions) or xStep (for aggregates) parameters
** to [sqlite3_create_function()] and [sqlite3_create_function16()]
................................................................................
** or [sqlite3_value_text16()].
**
** These routines must be called from the same thread as
** the SQL function that supplied the [sqlite3_value*] parameters.
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F15103} The [sqlite3_value_blob(V)] interface converts the
**          [protected sqlite3_value] object V into a BLOB and then
**          returns a pointer to the converted value.
**
** {F15106} The [sqlite3_value_bytes(V)] interface returns the
**          number of bytes in the BLOB or string (exclusive of the
**          zero terminator on the string) that was returned by the
**          most recent call to [sqlite3_value_blob(V)] or
**          [sqlite3_value_text(V)].
**
** {F15109} The [sqlite3_value_bytes16(V)] interface returns the
**          number of bytes in the string (exclusive of the
**          zero terminator on the string) that was returned by the
**          most recent call to [sqlite3_value_text16(V)],
**          [sqlite3_value_text16be(V)], or [sqlite3_value_text16le(V)].
**
** {F15112} The [sqlite3_value_double(V)] interface converts the
**          [protected sqlite3_value] object V into a floating point value and
**          returns a copy of that value.
**
** {F15115} The [sqlite3_value_int(V)] interface converts the
**          [protected sqlite3_value] object V into a 64-bit signed integer and
**          returns the lower 32 bits of that integer.
**
** {F15118} The [sqlite3_value_int64(V)] interface converts the
**          [protected sqlite3_value] object V into a 64-bit signed integer and
**          returns a copy of that integer.
**
** {F15121} The [sqlite3_value_text(V)] interface converts the
**          [protected sqlite3_value] object V into a zero-terminated UTF-8
**          string and returns a pointer to that string.
**
** {F15124} The [sqlite3_value_text16(V)] interface converts the
**          [protected sqlite3_value] object V into a zero-terminated 2-byte
**          aligned UTF-16 native byte order
**          string and returns a pointer to that string.
**
** {F15127} The [sqlite3_value_text16be(V)] interface converts the
**          [protected sqlite3_value] object V into a zero-terminated 2-byte
**          aligned UTF-16 big-endian
**          string and returns a pointer to that string.
**
** {F15130} The [sqlite3_value_text16le(V)] interface converts the
**          [protected sqlite3_value] object V into a zero-terminated 2-byte
**          aligned UTF-16 little-endian
**          string and returns a pointer to that string.
**
** {F15133} The [sqlite3_value_type(V)] interface returns
**          one of [SQLITE_NULL], [SQLITE_INTEGER], [SQLITE_FLOAT],
**          [SQLITE_TEXT], or [SQLITE_BLOB] as appropriate for
**          the [sqlite3_value] object V.
**
** {F15136} The [sqlite3_value_numeric_type(V)] interface converts
**          the [protected sqlite3_value] object V into either an integer or
**          a floating point value if it can do so without loss of
**          information, and returns one of [SQLITE_NULL],
**          [SQLITE_INTEGER], [SQLITE_FLOAT], [SQLITE_TEXT], or
**          [SQLITE_BLOB] as appropriate for the
**          [protected sqlite3_value] object V after the conversion attempt.
*/
................................................................................
SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_value_text16(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_value_text16le(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_value_text16be(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_value_type(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_value_numeric_type(sqlite3_value*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Obtain Aggregate Function Context {F16210}
**
** The implementation of aggregate SQL functions use this routine to allocate
** a structure for storing their state.
**
** The first time the sqlite3_aggregate_context() routine is called for a
** particular aggregate, SQLite allocates nBytes of memory, zeroes out that
** memory, and returns a pointer to it. On second and subsequent calls to
................................................................................
** to the callback routine that implements the aggregate function.
**
** This routine must be called from the same thread in which
** the aggregate SQL function is running.
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F16211} The first invocation of [sqlite3_aggregate_context(C,N)] for
**          a particular instance of an aggregate function (for a particular
**          context C) causes SQLite to allocate N bytes of memory,
**          zero that memory, and return a pointer to the allocated memory.
**
** {F16213} If a memory allocation error occurs during
**          [sqlite3_aggregate_context(C,N)] then the function returns 0.
**
** {F16215} Second and subsequent invocations of
**          [sqlite3_aggregate_context(C,N)] for the same context pointer C
**          ignore the N parameter and return a pointer to the same
**          block of memory returned by the first invocation.
**
** {F16217} The memory allocated by [sqlite3_aggregate_context(C,N)] is
**          automatically freed on the next call to [sqlite3_reset()]
**          or [sqlite3_finalize()] for the [prepared statement] containing
**          the aggregate function associated with context C.
*/
SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_aggregate_context(sqlite3_context*, int nBytes);

/*
** CAPI3REF: User Data For Functions {F16240}
**
** The sqlite3_user_data() interface returns a copy of
** the pointer that was the pUserData parameter (the 5th parameter)
** of the [sqlite3_create_function()]
** and [sqlite3_create_function16()] routines that originally
** registered the application defined function. {END}
**
** This routine must be called from the same thread in which
** the application-defined function is running.
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F16243} The [sqlite3_user_data(C)] interface returns a copy of the
**          P pointer from the [sqlite3_create_function(D,X,N,E,P,F,S,L)]
**          or [sqlite3_create_function16(D,X,N,E,P,F,S,L)] call that
**          registered the SQL function associated with [sqlite3_context] C.
*/
SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_user_data(sqlite3_context*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Database Connection For Functions {F16250}
**
** The sqlite3_context_db_handle() interface returns a copy of
** the pointer to the [database connection] (the 1st parameter)
** of the [sqlite3_create_function()]
** and [sqlite3_create_function16()] routines that originally
** registered the application defined function.
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F16253} The [sqlite3_context_db_handle(C)] interface returns a copy of the
**          D pointer from the [sqlite3_create_function(D,X,N,E,P,F,S,L)]
**          or [sqlite3_create_function16(D,X,N,E,P,F,S,L)] call that
**          registered the SQL function associated with [sqlite3_context] C.
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3 *sqlite3_context_db_handle(sqlite3_context*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Function Auxiliary Data {F16270}
**
** The following two functions may be used by scalar SQL functions to
** associate metadata with argument values. If the same value is passed to
** multiple invocations of the same SQL function during query execution, under
** some circumstances the associated metadata may be preserved. This may
** be used, for example, to add a regular-expression matching scalar
** function. The compiled version of the regular expression is stored as
................................................................................
** values and SQL variables.
**
** These routines must be called from the same thread in which
** the SQL function is running.
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F16272} The [sqlite3_get_auxdata(C,N)] interface returns a pointer
**          to metadata associated with the Nth parameter of the SQL function
**          whose context is C, or NULL if there is no metadata associated
**          with that parameter.
**
** {F16274} The [sqlite3_set_auxdata(C,N,P,D)] interface assigns a metadata
**          pointer P to the Nth parameter of the SQL function with context C.
**
** {F16276} SQLite will invoke the destructor D with a single argument
**          which is the metadata pointer P following a call to
**          [sqlite3_set_auxdata(C,N,P,D)] when SQLite ceases to hold
**          the metadata.
**
** {F16277} SQLite ceases to hold metadata for an SQL function parameter
**          when the value of that parameter changes.
**
** {F16278} When [sqlite3_set_auxdata(C,N,P,D)] is invoked, the destructor
**          is called for any prior metadata associated with the same function
**          context C and parameter N.
**
** {F16279} SQLite will call destructors for any metadata it is holding
**          in a particular [prepared statement] S when either
**          [sqlite3_reset(S)] or [sqlite3_finalize(S)] is called.
*/
SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_get_auxdata(sqlite3_context*, int N);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_set_auxdata(sqlite3_context*, int N, void*, void (*)(void*));


/*
** CAPI3REF: Constants Defining Special Destructor Behavior {F10280}
**
** These are special values for the destructor that is passed in as the
** final argument to routines like [sqlite3_result_blob()].  If the destructor
** argument is SQLITE_STATIC, it means that the content pointer is constant
** and will never change.  It does not need to be destroyed.  The
** SQLITE_TRANSIENT value means that the content will likely change in
** the near future and that SQLite should make its own private copy of
................................................................................
** C++ compilers.  See ticket #2191.
*/
typedef void (*sqlite3_destructor_type)(void*);
#define SQLITE_STATIC      ((sqlite3_destructor_type)0)
#define SQLITE_TRANSIENT   ((sqlite3_destructor_type)-1)

/*
** CAPI3REF: Setting The Result Of An SQL Function {F16400}
**
** These routines are used by the xFunc or xFinal callbacks that
** implement SQL functions and aggregates.  See
** [sqlite3_create_function()] and [sqlite3_create_function16()]
** for additional information.
**
** These functions work very much like the [parameter binding] family of
................................................................................
**
** If these routines are called from within the different thread
** than the one containing the application-defined function that received
** the [sqlite3_context] pointer, the results are undefined.
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F16403} The default return value from any SQL function is NULL.
**
** {F16406} The [sqlite3_result_blob(C,V,N,D)] interface changes the
**          return value of function C to be a BLOB that is N bytes
**          in length and with content pointed to by V.
**
** {F16409} The [sqlite3_result_double(C,V)] interface changes the
**          return value of function C to be the floating point value V.
**
** {F16412} The [sqlite3_result_error(C,V,N)] interface changes the return
**          value of function C to be an exception with error code
**          [SQLITE_ERROR] and a UTF-8 error message copied from V up to the
**          first zero byte or until N bytes are read if N is positive.
**
** {F16415} The [sqlite3_result_error16(C,V,N)] interface changes the return
**          value of function C to be an exception with error code
**          [SQLITE_ERROR] and a UTF-16 native byte order error message
**          copied from V up to the first zero terminator or until N bytes
**          are read if N is positive.
**
** {F16418} The [sqlite3_result_error_toobig(C)] interface changes the return
**          value of the function C to be an exception with error code
**          [SQLITE_TOOBIG] and an appropriate error message.
**
** {F16421} The [sqlite3_result_error_nomem(C)] interface changes the return
**          value of the function C to be an exception with error code
**          [SQLITE_NOMEM] and an appropriate error message.
**
** {F16424} The [sqlite3_result_error_code(C,E)] interface changes the return
**          value of the function C to be an exception with error code E.
**          The error message text is unchanged.
**
** {F16427} The [sqlite3_result_int(C,V)] interface changes the
**          return value of function C to be the 32-bit integer value V.
**
** {F16430} The [sqlite3_result_int64(C,V)] interface changes the
**          return value of function C to be the 64-bit integer value V.
**
** {F16433} The [sqlite3_result_null(C)] interface changes the
**          return value of function C to be NULL.
**
** {F16436} The [sqlite3_result_text(C,V,N,D)] interface changes the
**          return value of function C to be the UTF-8 string
**          V up to the first zero if N is negative
**          or the first N bytes of V if N is non-negative.
**
** {F16439} The [sqlite3_result_text16(C,V,N,D)] interface changes the
**          return value of function C to be the UTF-16 native byte order
**          string V up to the first zero if N is negative
**          or the first N bytes of V if N is non-negative.
**
** {F16442} The [sqlite3_result_text16be(C,V,N,D)] interface changes the
**          return value of function C to be the UTF-16 big-endian
**          string V up to the first zero if N is negative
**          or the first N bytes or V if N is non-negative.
**
** {F16445} The [sqlite3_result_text16le(C,V,N,D)] interface changes the
**          return value of function C to be the UTF-16 little-endian
**          string V up to the first zero if N is negative
**          or the first N bytes of V if N is non-negative.
**
** {F16448} The [sqlite3_result_value(C,V)] interface changes the
**          return value of function C to be the [unprotected sqlite3_value]
**          object V.
**
** {F16451} The [sqlite3_result_zeroblob(C,N)] interface changes the
**          return value of function C to be an N-byte BLOB of all zeros.
**
** {F16454} The [sqlite3_result_error()] and [sqlite3_result_error16()]
**          interfaces make a copy of their error message strings before
**          returning.
**
** {F16457} If the D destructor parameter to [sqlite3_result_blob(C,V,N,D)],
**          [sqlite3_result_text(C,V,N,D)], [sqlite3_result_text16(C,V,N,D)],
**          [sqlite3_result_text16be(C,V,N,D)], or
**          [sqlite3_result_text16le(C,V,N,D)] is the constant [SQLITE_STATIC]
**          then no destructor is ever called on the pointer V and SQLite
**          assumes that V is immutable.
**
** {F16460} If the D destructor parameter to [sqlite3_result_blob(C,V,N,D)],
**          [sqlite3_result_text(C,V,N,D)], [sqlite3_result_text16(C,V,N,D)],
**          [sqlite3_result_text16be(C,V,N,D)], or
**          [sqlite3_result_text16le(C,V,N,D)] is the constant
**          [SQLITE_TRANSIENT] then the interfaces makes a copy of the
**          content of V and retains the copy.
**
** {F16463} If the D destructor parameter to [sqlite3_result_blob(C,V,N,D)],
**          [sqlite3_result_text(C,V,N,D)], [sqlite3_result_text16(C,V,N,D)],
**          [sqlite3_result_text16be(C,V,N,D)], or
**          [sqlite3_result_text16le(C,V,N,D)] is some value other than
**          the constants [SQLITE_STATIC] and [SQLITE_TRANSIENT] then
**          SQLite will invoke the destructor D with V as its only argument
**          when it has finished with the V value.
*/
................................................................................
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_text16(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int, void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_text16le(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int,void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_text16be(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int,void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_value(sqlite3_context*, sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_zeroblob(sqlite3_context*, int n);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Define New Collating Sequences {F16600}
**
** These functions are used to add new collation sequences to the
** [database connection] specified as the first argument.
**
** The name of the new collation sequence is specified as a UTF-8 string
** for sqlite3_create_collation() and sqlite3_create_collation_v2()
** and a UTF-16 string for sqlite3_create_collation16(). In all cases
................................................................................
** of the sqlite3_create_collation_v2().
** Collations are destroyed when they are overridden by later calls to the
** collation creation functions or when the [database connection] is closed
** using [sqlite3_close()].
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F16603} A successful call to the
**          [sqlite3_create_collation_v2(B,X,E,P,F,D)] interface
**          registers function F as the comparison function used to
**          implement collation X on the [database connection] B for
**          databases having encoding E.
**
** {F16604} SQLite understands the X parameter to
**          [sqlite3_create_collation_v2(B,X,E,P,F,D)] as a zero-terminated
**          UTF-8 string in which case is ignored for ASCII characters and
**          is significant for non-ASCII characters.
**
** {F16606} Successive calls to [sqlite3_create_collation_v2(B,X,E,P,F,D)]
**          with the same values for B, X, and E, override prior values
**          of P, F, and D.
**
** {F16609} If the destructor D in [sqlite3_create_collation_v2(B,X,E,P,F,D)]
**          is not NULL then it is called with argument P when the
**          collating function is dropped by SQLite.
**
** {F16612} A collating function is dropped when it is overloaded.
**
** {F16615} A collating function is dropped when the database connection
**          is closed using [sqlite3_close()].
**
** {F16618} The pointer P in [sqlite3_create_collation_v2(B,X,E,P,F,D)]
**          is passed through as the first parameter to the comparison
**          function F for all subsequent invocations of F.
**
** {F16621} A call to [sqlite3_create_collation(B,X,E,P,F)] is exactly
**          the same as a call to [sqlite3_create_collation_v2()] with
**          the same parameters and a NULL destructor.
**
** {F16624} Following a [sqlite3_create_collation_v2(B,X,E,P,F,D)],
**          SQLite uses the comparison function F for all text comparison
**          operations on the [database connection] B on text values that
**          use the collating sequence named X.
**
** {F16627} The [sqlite3_create_collation16(B,X,E,P,F)] works the same
**          as [sqlite3_create_collation(B,X,E,P,F)] except that the
**          collation name X is understood as UTF-16 in native byte order
**          instead of UTF-8.
**
** {F16630} When multiple comparison functions are available for the same
**          collating sequence, SQLite chooses the one whose text encoding
**          requires the least amount of conversion from the default
**          text encoding of the database.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_create_collation(
  sqlite3*, 
  const char *zName, 
................................................................................
  const void *zName,
  int eTextRep, 
  void*,
  int(*xCompare)(void*,int,const void*,int,const void*)
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Collation Needed Callbacks {F16700}
**
** To avoid having to register all collation sequences before a database
** can be used, a single callback function may be registered with the
** [database connection] to be called whenever an undefined collation
** sequence is required.
**
** If the function is registered using the sqlite3_collation_needed() API,
** then it is passed the names of undefined collation sequences as strings
** encoded in UTF-8. {F16703} If sqlite3_collation_needed16() is used,
** the names are passed as UTF-16 in machine native byte order.
** A call to either function replaces any existing callback.
**
** When the callback is invoked, the first argument passed is a copy
** of the second argument to sqlite3_collation_needed() or
** sqlite3_collation_needed16().  The second argument is the database
** connection.  The third argument is one of [SQLITE_UTF8], [SQLITE_UTF16BE],
................................................................................
**
** The callback function should register the desired collation using
** [sqlite3_create_collation()], [sqlite3_create_collation16()], or
** [sqlite3_create_collation_v2()].
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F16702} A successful call to [sqlite3_collation_needed(D,P,F)]
**          or [sqlite3_collation_needed16(D,P,F)] causes
**          the [database connection] D to invoke callback F with first
**          parameter P whenever it needs a comparison function for a
**          collating sequence that it does not know about.
**
** {F16704} Each successful call to [sqlite3_collation_needed()] or
**          [sqlite3_collation_needed16()] overrides the callback registered
**          on the same [database connection] by prior calls to either
**          interface.
**
** {F16706} The name of the requested collating function passed in the
**          4th parameter to the callback is in UTF-8 if the callback
**          was registered using [sqlite3_collation_needed()] and
**          is in UTF-16 native byte order if the callback was
**          registered using [sqlite3_collation_needed16()].
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_collation_needed(
  sqlite3*, 
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_rekey(
  sqlite3 *db,                   /* Database to be rekeyed */
  const void *pKey, int nKey     /* The new key */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Suspend Execution For A Short Time {F10530}
**
** The sqlite3_sleep() function causes the current thread to suspend execution
** for at least a number of milliseconds specified in its parameter.
**
** If the operating system does not support sleep requests with
** millisecond time resolution, then the time will be rounded up to
** the nearest second. The number of milliseconds of sleep actually
................................................................................
** requested from the operating system is returned.
**
** SQLite implements this interface by calling the xSleep()
** method of the default [sqlite3_vfs] object.
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F10533} The [sqlite3_sleep(M)] interface invokes the xSleep
**          method of the default [sqlite3_vfs|VFS] in order to
**          suspend execution of the current thread for at least
**          M milliseconds.
**
** {F10536} The [sqlite3_sleep(M)] interface returns the number of
**          milliseconds of sleep actually requested of the operating
**          system, which might be larger than the parameter M.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_sleep(int);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Name Of The Folder Holding Temporary Files {F10310}
**
** If this global variable is made to point to a string which is
** the name of a folder (a.k.a. directory), then all temporary files
** created by SQLite will be placed in that directory.  If this variable
** is a NULL pointer, then SQLite performs a search for an appropriate
** temporary file directory.
**
................................................................................
** has been opened.  It is intended that this variable be set once
** as part of process initialization and before any SQLite interface
** routines have been call and remain unchanged thereafter.
*/
SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_temp_directory;

/*
** CAPI3REF: Test To See If The Database Is In Auto-Commit Mode {F12930}
** KEYWORDS: {autocommit mode}
**
** The sqlite3_get_autocommit() interface returns non-zero or
** zero if the given database connection is or is not in autocommit mode,
** respectively.  Autocommit mode is on by default.
** Autocommit mode is disabled by a [BEGIN] statement.
** Autocommit mode is re-enabled by a [COMMIT] or [ROLLBACK].
................................................................................
** [SQLITE_NOMEM], [SQLITE_BUSY], and [SQLITE_INTERRUPT]) then the
** transaction might be rolled back automatically.  The only way to
** find out whether SQLite automatically rolled back the transaction after
** an error is to use this function.
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F12931} The [sqlite3_get_autocommit(D)] interface returns non-zero or
**          zero if the [database connection] D is or is not in autocommit
**          mode, respectively.
**
** {F12932} Autocommit mode is on by default.
**
** {F12933} Autocommit mode is disabled by a successful [BEGIN] statement.
**
** {F12934} Autocommit mode is enabled by a successful [COMMIT] or [ROLLBACK]
**          statement.
**
** LIMITATIONS:
**
** {A12936} If another thread changes the autocommit status of the database
**          connection while this routine is running, then the return value
**          is undefined.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_get_autocommit(sqlite3*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Find The Database Handle Of A Prepared Statement {F13120}
**
** The sqlite3_db_handle interface returns the [database connection] handle
** to which a [prepared statement] belongs.  The database handle returned by
** sqlite3_db_handle is the same database handle that was the first argument
** to the [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] call (or its variants) that was used to
** create the statement in the first place.
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F13123} The [sqlite3_db_handle(S)] interface returns a pointer
**          to the [database connection] associated with the
**          [prepared statement] S.
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3 *sqlite3_db_handle(sqlite3_stmt*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Find the next prepared statement {F13140}
**
** This interface returns a pointer to the next [prepared statement] after
** pStmt associated with the [database connection] pDb.  If pStmt is NULL
** then this interface returns a pointer to the first prepared statement
** associated with the database connection pDb.  If no prepared statement
** satisfies the conditions of this routine, it returns NULL.
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F13143} If D is a [database connection] that holds one or more
**          unfinalized [prepared statements] and S is a NULL pointer,
**          then [sqlite3_next_stmt(D, S)] routine shall return a pointer
**          to one of the prepared statements associated with D.
**
** {F13146} If D is a [database connection] that holds no unfinalized
**          [prepared statements] and S is a NULL pointer, then
**          [sqlite3_next_stmt(D, S)] routine shall return a NULL pointer.
**
** {F13149} If S is a [prepared statement] in the [database connection] D
**          and S is not the last prepared statement in D, then
**          [sqlite3_next_stmt(D, S)] routine shall return a pointer
**          to the next prepared statement in D after S.
**
** {F13152} If S is the last [prepared statement] in the
**          [database connection] D then the [sqlite3_next_stmt(D, S)]
**          routine shall return a NULL pointer.






*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3_stmt *sqlite3_next_stmt(sqlite3 *pDb, sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Commit And Rollback Notification Callbacks {F12950}
**
** The sqlite3_commit_hook() interface registers a callback
** function to be invoked whenever a transaction is committed.
** Any callback set by a previous call to sqlite3_commit_hook()
** for the same database connection is overridden.
** The sqlite3_rollback_hook() interface registers a callback
** function to be invoked whenever a transaction is committed.
................................................................................
** automatically rolled back because the database connection is closed.
** The rollback callback is not invoked if a transaction is
** rolled back because a commit callback returned non-zero.
** <todo> Check on this </todo>
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F12951} The [sqlite3_commit_hook(D,F,P)] interface registers the
**          callback function F to be invoked with argument P whenever
**          a transaction commits on the [database connection] D.
**
** {F12952} The [sqlite3_commit_hook(D,F,P)] interface returns the P argument
**          from the previous call with the same [database connection] D,
**          or NULL on the first call for a particular database connection D.
**
** {F12953} Each call to [sqlite3_commit_hook()] overwrites the callback
**          registered by prior calls.
**
** {F12954} If the F argument to [sqlite3_commit_hook(D,F,P)] is NULL
**          then the commit hook callback is canceled and no callback
**          is invoked when a transaction commits.
**
** {F12955} If the commit callback returns non-zero then the commit is
**          converted into a rollback.
**
** {F12961} The [sqlite3_rollback_hook(D,F,P)] interface registers the
**          callback function F to be invoked with argument P whenever
**          a transaction rolls back on the [database connection] D.
**
** {F12962} The [sqlite3_rollback_hook(D,F,P)] interface returns the P
**          argument from the previous call with the same
**          [database connection] D, or NULL on the first call
**          for a particular database connection D.
**
** {F12963} Each call to [sqlite3_rollback_hook()] overwrites the callback
**          registered by prior calls.
**
** {F12964} If the F argument to [sqlite3_rollback_hook(D,F,P)] is NULL
**          then the rollback hook callback is canceled and no callback
**          is invoked when a transaction rolls back.
*/
SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_commit_hook(sqlite3*, int(*)(void*), void*);
SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_rollback_hook(sqlite3*, void(*)(void *), void*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Data Change Notification Callbacks {F12970}
**
** The sqlite3_update_hook() interface registers a callback function
** with the [database connection] identified by the first argument
** to be invoked whenever a row is updated, inserted or deleted.
** Any callback set by a previous call to this function
** for the same database connection is overridden.
**
................................................................................
** modified (i.e. sqlite_master and sqlite_sequence).
**
** If another function was previously registered, its pArg value
** is returned.  Otherwise NULL is returned.
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F12971} The [sqlite3_update_hook(D,F,P)] interface causes the callback
**          function F to be invoked with first parameter P whenever
**          a table row is modified, inserted, or deleted on
**          the [database connection] D.
**
** {F12973} The [sqlite3_update_hook(D,F,P)] interface returns the value
**          of P for the previous call on the same [database connection] D,
**          or NULL for the first call.
**
** {F12975} If the update hook callback F in [sqlite3_update_hook(D,F,P)]
**          is NULL then the no update callbacks are made.
**
** {F12977} Each call to [sqlite3_update_hook(D,F,P)] overrides prior calls
**          to the same interface on the same [database connection] D.
**
** {F12979} The update hook callback is not invoked when internal system
**          tables such as sqlite_master and sqlite_sequence are modified.
**
** {F12981} The second parameter to the update callback
**          is one of [SQLITE_INSERT], [SQLITE_DELETE] or [SQLITE_UPDATE],
**          depending on the operation that caused the callback to be invoked.
**
** {F12983} The third and fourth arguments to the callback contain pointers
**          to zero-terminated UTF-8 strings which are the names of the
**          database and table that is being updated.

** {F12985} The final callback parameter is the rowid of the row after
**          the change occurs.
*/
SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_update_hook(
  sqlite3*, 
  void(*)(void *,int ,char const *,char const *,sqlite3_int64),
  void*
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Enable Or Disable Shared Pager Cache {F10330}
** KEYWORDS: {shared cache} {shared cache mode}
**
** This routine enables or disables the sharing of the database cache
** and schema data structures between [database connection | connections]
** to the same database. Sharing is enabled if the argument is true
** and disabled if the argument is false.
**
................................................................................
**
** Shared cache is disabled by default. But this might change in
** future releases of SQLite.  Applications that care about shared
** cache setting should set it explicitly.
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F10331} A successful invocation of [sqlite3_enable_shared_cache(B)]
**          will enable or disable shared cache mode for any subsequently
**          created [database connection] in the same process.
**
** {F10336} When shared cache is enabled, the [sqlite3_create_module()]
**          interface will always return an error.
**
** {F10337} The [sqlite3_enable_shared_cache(B)] interface returns
**          [SQLITE_OK] if shared cache was enabled or disabled successfully.
**
** {F10339} Shared cache is disabled by default.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_enable_shared_cache(int);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Attempt To Free Heap Memory {F17340}
**
** The sqlite3_release_memory() interface attempts to free N bytes
** of heap memory by deallocating non-essential memory allocations
** held by the database library. {END}  Memory used to cache database
** pages to improve performance is an example of non-essential memory.
** sqlite3_release_memory() returns the number of bytes actually freed,
** which might be more or less than the amount requested.
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F17341} The [sqlite3_release_memory(N)] interface attempts to
**          free N bytes of heap memory by deallocating non-essential
**          memory allocations held by the database library.
**
** {F16342} The [sqlite3_release_memory(N)] returns the number
**          of bytes actually freed, which might be more or less
**          than the amount requested.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_release_memory(int);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Impose A Limit On Heap Size {F17350}
**
** The sqlite3_soft_heap_limit() interface places a "soft" limit
** on the amount of heap memory that may be allocated by SQLite.
** If an internal allocation is requested that would exceed the
** soft heap limit, [sqlite3_release_memory()] is invoked one or
** more times to free up some space before the allocation is performed.
**
................................................................................
** applied to all threads. The value specified for the soft heap limit
** is an upper bound on the total memory allocation for all threads. In
** version 3.5.0 there is no mechanism for limiting the heap usage for
** individual threads.
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F16351} The [sqlite3_soft_heap_limit(N)] interface places a soft limit
**          of N bytes on the amount of heap memory that may be allocated
**          using [sqlite3_malloc()] or [sqlite3_realloc()] at any point
**          in time.
**
** {F16352} If a call to [sqlite3_malloc()] or [sqlite3_realloc()] would
**          cause the total amount of allocated memory to exceed the
**          soft heap limit, then [sqlite3_release_memory()] is invoked
**          in an attempt to reduce the memory usage prior to proceeding
**          with the memory allocation attempt.
**
** {F16353} Calls to [sqlite3_malloc()] or [sqlite3_realloc()] that trigger
**          attempts to reduce memory usage through the soft heap limit
**          mechanism continue even if the attempt to reduce memory
**          usage is unsuccessful.
**
** {F16354} A negative or zero value for N in a call to
**          [sqlite3_soft_heap_limit(N)] means that there is no soft
**          heap limit and [sqlite3_release_memory()] will only be
**          called when memory is completely exhausted.
**
** {F16355} The default value for the soft heap limit is zero.
**
** {F16358} Each call to [sqlite3_soft_heap_limit(N)] overrides the
**          values set by all prior calls.
*/
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_soft_heap_limit(int);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Extract Metadata About A Column Of A Table {F12850}
**
** This routine returns metadata about a specific column of a specific
** database table accessible using the [database connection] handle
** passed as the first function argument.
**
** The column is identified by the second, third and fourth parameters to
** this function. The second parameter is either the name of the database
................................................................................
  char const **pzCollSeq,     /* OUTPUT: Collation sequence name */
  int *pNotNull,              /* OUTPUT: True if NOT NULL constraint exists */
  int *pPrimaryKey,           /* OUTPUT: True if column part of PK */
  int *pAutoinc               /* OUTPUT: True if column is auto-increment */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Load An Extension {F12600}
**
** This interface loads an SQLite extension library from the named file.
**
** {F12601} The sqlite3_load_extension() interface attempts to load an
**          SQLite extension library contained in the file zFile.
**
** {F12602} The entry point is zProc.
**
** {F12603} zProc may be 0, in which case the name of the entry point
**          defaults to "sqlite3_extension_init".
**
** {F12604} The sqlite3_load_extension() interface shall return
**          [SQLITE_OK] on success and [SQLITE_ERROR] if something goes wrong.
**
** {F12605} If an error occurs and pzErrMsg is not 0, then the
**          [sqlite3_load_extension()] interface shall attempt to
**          fill *pzErrMsg with error message text stored in memory
**          obtained from [sqlite3_malloc()]. {END}  The calling function
**          should free this memory by calling [sqlite3_free()].
**
** {F12606} Extension loading must be enabled using
**          [sqlite3_enable_load_extension()] prior to calling this API,
**          otherwise an error will be returned.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_load_extension(
  sqlite3 *db,          /* Load the extension into this database connection */
  const char *zFile,    /* Name of the shared library containing extension */
  const char *zProc,    /* Entry point.  Derived from zFile if 0 */
  char **pzErrMsg       /* Put error message here if not 0 */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Enable Or Disable Extension Loading {F12620}
**
** So as not to open security holes in older applications that are
** unprepared to deal with extension loading, and as a means of disabling
** extension loading while evaluating user-entered SQL, the following API
** is provided to turn the [sqlite3_load_extension()] mechanism on and off.
**
** Extension loading is off by default. See ticket #1863.
**
** {F12621} Call the sqlite3_enable_load_extension() routine with onoff==1
**          to turn extension loading on and call it with onoff==0 to turn
**          it back off again.
**
** {F12622} Extension loading is off by default.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_enable_load_extension(sqlite3 *db, int onoff);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Make Arrangements To Automatically Load An Extension {F12640}
**
** This API can be invoked at program startup in order to register
** one or more statically linked extensions that will be available
** to all new [database connections]. {END}
**
** This routine stores a pointer to the extension in an array that is
** obtained from [sqlite3_malloc()].  If you run a memory leak checker
** on your program and it reports a leak because of this array, invoke
** [sqlite3_reset_auto_extension()] prior to shutdown to free the memory.
**
** {F12641} This function registers an extension entry point that is
**          automatically invoked whenever a new [database connection]
**          is opened using [sqlite3_open()], [sqlite3_open16()],
**          or [sqlite3_open_v2()].
**
** {F12642} Duplicate extensions are detected so calling this routine
**          multiple times with the same extension is harmless.
**
** {F12643} This routine stores a pointer to the extension in an array
**          that is obtained from [sqlite3_malloc()].
**
** {F12644} Automatic extensions apply across all threads.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_auto_extension(void *xEntryPoint);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Reset Automatic Extension Loading {F12660}
**
** This function disables all previously registered automatic
** extensions. {END}  It undoes the effect of all prior
** [sqlite3_auto_extension()] calls.
**
** {F12661} This function disables all previously registered
**          automatic extensions.
**
** {F12662} This function disables automatic extensions in all threads.
*/
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_reset_auto_extension(void);

/*
****** EXPERIMENTAL - subject to change without notice **************
**
** The interface to the virtual-table mechanism is currently considered
................................................................................
*/
typedef struct sqlite3_vtab sqlite3_vtab;
typedef struct sqlite3_index_info sqlite3_index_info;
typedef struct sqlite3_vtab_cursor sqlite3_vtab_cursor;
typedef struct sqlite3_module sqlite3_module;

/*
** CAPI3REF: Virtual Table Object {F18000}
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_module

**
** A module is a class of virtual tables.  Each module is defined
** by an instance of the following structure.  This structure consists
** mostly of methods for the module.
**
** This interface is experimental and is subject to change or
** removal in future releases of SQLite.
................................................................................
  int (*xBegin)(sqlite3_vtab *pVTab);
  int (*xSync)(sqlite3_vtab *pVTab);
  int (*xCommit)(sqlite3_vtab *pVTab);
  int (*xRollback)(sqlite3_vtab *pVTab);
  int (*xFindFunction)(sqlite3_vtab *pVtab, int nArg, const char *zName,
                       void (**pxFunc)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
                       void **ppArg);

  int (*xRename)(sqlite3_vtab *pVtab, const char *zNew);
};

/*
** CAPI3REF: Virtual Table Indexing Information {F18100}
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_index_info

**
** The sqlite3_index_info structure and its substructures is used to
** pass information into and receive the reply from the xBestIndex
** method of an sqlite3_module.  The fields under **Inputs** are the
** inputs to xBestIndex and are read-only.  xBestIndex inserts its
** results into the **Outputs** fields.
**
................................................................................
     int iTermOffset;          /* Used internally - xBestIndex should ignore */
  } *aConstraint;            /* Table of WHERE clause constraints */
  int nOrderBy;              /* Number of terms in the ORDER BY clause */
  struct sqlite3_index_orderby {
     int iColumn;              /* Column number */
     unsigned char desc;       /* True for DESC.  False for ASC. */
  } *aOrderBy;               /* The ORDER BY clause */

  /* Outputs */
  struct sqlite3_index_constraint_usage {
    int argvIndex;           /* if >0, constraint is part of argv to xFilter */
    unsigned char omit;      /* Do not code a test for this constraint */
  } *aConstraintUsage;
  int idxNum;                /* Number used to identify the index */
  char *idxStr;              /* String, possibly obtained from sqlite3_malloc */
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_GT    4
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_LE    8
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_LT    16
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_GE    32
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_MATCH 64

/*
** CAPI3REF: Register A Virtual Table Implementation {F18200}

**
** This routine is used to register a new module name with a
** [database connection].  Module names must be registered before
** creating new virtual tables on the module, or before using
** preexisting virtual tables of the module.
**
** This interface is experimental and is subject to change or
................................................................................
  sqlite3 *db,               /* SQLite connection to register module with */
  const char *zName,         /* Name of the module */
  const sqlite3_module *,    /* Methods for the module */
  void *                     /* Client data for xCreate/xConnect */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Register A Virtual Table Implementation {F18210}

**
** This routine is identical to the [sqlite3_create_module()] method above,
** except that it allows a destructor function to be specified. It is
** even more experimental than the rest of the virtual tables API.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_create_module_v2(
  sqlite3 *db,               /* SQLite connection to register module with */
................................................................................
  const char *zName,         /* Name of the module */
  const sqlite3_module *,    /* Methods for the module */
  void *,                    /* Client data for xCreate/xConnect */
  void(*xDestroy)(void*)     /* Module destructor function */
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Virtual Table Instance Object {F18010}
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_vtab

**
** Every module implementation uses a subclass of the following structure
** to describe a particular instance of the module.  Each subclass will
** be tailored to the specific needs of the module implementation.
** The purpose of this superclass is to define certain fields that are
** common to all module implementations.
**
................................................................................
  const sqlite3_module *pModule;  /* The module for this virtual table */
  int nRef;                       /* Used internally */
  char *zErrMsg;                  /* Error message from sqlite3_mprintf() */
  /* Virtual table implementations will typically add additional fields */
};

/*
** CAPI3REF: Virtual Table Cursor Object  {F18020}
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_vtab_cursor

**
** Every module implementation uses a subclass of the following structure
** to describe cursors that point into the virtual table and are used
** to loop through the virtual table.  Cursors are created using the
** xOpen method of the module.  Each module implementation will define
** the content of a cursor structure to suit its own needs.
**
................................................................................
*/
struct sqlite3_vtab_cursor {
  sqlite3_vtab *pVtab;      /* Virtual table of this cursor */
  /* Virtual table implementations will typically add additional fields */
};

/*
** CAPI3REF: Declare The Schema Of A Virtual Table {F18280}

**
** The xCreate and xConnect methods of a module use the following API
** to declare the format (the names and datatypes of the columns) of
** the virtual tables they implement.
**
** This interface is experimental and is subject to change or
** removal in future releases of SQLite.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_declare_vtab(sqlite3*, const char *zCreateTable);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Overload A Function For A Virtual Table {F18300}

**
** Virtual tables can provide alternative implementations of functions
** using the xFindFunction method.  But global versions of those functions
** must exist in order to be overloaded.
**
** This API makes sure a global version of a function with a particular
** name and number of parameters exists.  If no such function exists
................................................................................
** When the virtual-table mechanism stabilizes, we will declare the
** interface fixed, support it indefinitely, and remove this comment.
**
****** EXPERIMENTAL - subject to change without notice **************
*/

/*
** CAPI3REF: A Handle To An Open BLOB {F17800}
** KEYWORDS: {BLOB handle} {BLOB handles}
**
** An instance of this object represents an open BLOB on which
** [sqlite3_blob_open | incremental BLOB I/O] can be performed.
** Objects of this type are created by [sqlite3_blob_open()]
** and destroyed by [sqlite3_blob_close()].
** The [sqlite3_blob_read()] and [sqlite3_blob_write()] interfaces
** can be used to read or write small subsections of the BLOB.
** The [sqlite3_blob_bytes()] interface returns the size of the BLOB in bytes.
*/
typedef struct sqlite3_blob sqlite3_blob;

/*
** CAPI3REF: Open A BLOB For Incremental I/O {F17810}
**
** This interfaces opens a [BLOB handle | handle] to the BLOB located
** in row iRow, column zColumn, table zTable in database zDb;
** in other words, the same BLOB that would be selected by:
**
** <pre>
**     SELECT zColumn FROM zDb.zTable WHERE rowid = iRow;
................................................................................
** a expired BLOB handle fail with an return code of [SQLITE_ABORT].
** Changes written into a BLOB prior to the BLOB expiring are not
** rollback by the expiration of the BLOB.  Such changes will eventually
** commit if the transaction continues to completion.
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F17813} A successful invocation of the [sqlite3_blob_open(D,B,T,C,R,F,P)]
**          interface shall open an [sqlite3_blob] object P on the BLOB
**          in column C of the table T in the database B on
**          the [database connection] D.
**
** {F17814} A successful invocation of [sqlite3_blob_open(D,...)] shall start
**          a new transaction on the [database connection] D if that
**          connection is not already in a transaction.
**
** {F17816} The [sqlite3_blob_open(D,B,T,C,R,F,P)] interface shall open
**          the BLOB for read and write access if and only if the F
**          parameter is non-zero.
**
** {F17819} The [sqlite3_blob_open()] interface shall return [SQLITE_OK] on
**          success and an appropriate [error code] on failure.
**
** {F17821} If an error occurs during evaluation of [sqlite3_blob_open(D,...)]
**          then subsequent calls to [sqlite3_errcode(D)],
**          [sqlite3_errmsg(D)], and [sqlite3_errmsg16(D)] shall return
**          information appropriate for that error.
**
** {F17824} If any column in the row that a [sqlite3_blob] has open is
**          changed by a separate [UPDATE] or [DELETE] statement or by
**          an [ON CONFLICT] side effect, then the [sqlite3_blob] shall
**          be marked as invalid.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_blob_open(
  sqlite3*,
  const char *zDb,
................................................................................
  const char *zColumn,
  sqlite3_int64 iRow,
  int flags,
  sqlite3_blob **ppBlob
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Close A BLOB Handle {F17830}
**
** Closes an open [BLOB handle].
**
** Closing a BLOB shall cause the current transaction to commit
** if there are no other BLOBs, no pending prepared statements, and the
** database connection is in [autocommit mode].
** If any writes were made to the BLOB, they might be held in cache
** until the close operation if they will fit. {END}
**
** Closing the BLOB often forces the changes
** out to disk and so if any I/O errors occur, they will likely occur
** at the time when the BLOB is closed.  {F17833} Any errors that occur during
** closing are reported as a non-zero return value.
**
** The BLOB is closed unconditionally.  Even if this routine returns
** an error code, the BLOB is still closed.
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F17833} The [sqlite3_blob_close(P)] interface closes an [sqlite3_blob]
**          object P previously opened using [sqlite3_blob_open()].
**
** {F17836} Closing an [sqlite3_blob] object using
**          [sqlite3_blob_close()] shall cause the current transaction to
**          commit if there are no other open [sqlite3_blob] objects
**          or [prepared statements] on the same [database connection] and
**          the database connection is in [autocommit mode].
**
** {F17839} The [sqlite3_blob_close(P)] interfaces shall close the
**          [sqlite3_blob] object P unconditionally, even if
**          [sqlite3_blob_close(P)] returns something other than [SQLITE_OK].
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_blob_close(sqlite3_blob *);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Return The Size Of An Open BLOB {F17840}
**
** Returns the size in bytes of the BLOB accessible via the open
** []BLOB handle] in its only argument.
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F17843} The [sqlite3_blob_bytes(P)] interface returns the size
**          in bytes of the BLOB that the [sqlite3_blob] object P
**          refers to.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_blob_bytes(sqlite3_blob *);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Read Data From A BLOB Incrementally {F17850}
**
** This function is used to read data from an open [BLOB handle] into a
** caller-supplied buffer. N bytes of data are copied into buffer Z
** from the open BLOB, starting at offset iOffset.
**
** If offset iOffset is less than N bytes from the end of the BLOB,
** [SQLITE_ERROR] is returned and no data is read.  If N or iOffset is
................................................................................
** error code of [SQLITE_ABORT].
**
** On success, SQLITE_OK is returned.
** Otherwise, an [error code] or an [extended error code] is returned.
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F17853} A successful invocation of [sqlite3_blob_read(P,Z,N,X)] 
**          shall reads N bytes of data out of the BLOB referenced by
**          [BLOB handle] P beginning at offset X and store those bytes
**          into buffer Z.
**
** {F17856} In [sqlite3_blob_read(P,Z,N,X)] if the size of the BLOB
**          is less than N+X bytes, then the function shall leave the
**          Z buffer unchanged and return [SQLITE_ERROR].
**
** {F17859} In [sqlite3_blob_read(P,Z,N,X)] if X or N is less than zero
**          then the function shall leave the Z buffer unchanged
**          and return [SQLITE_ERROR].
**
** {F17862} The [sqlite3_blob_read(P,Z,N,X)] interface shall return [SQLITE_OK]
**          if N bytes are successfully read into buffer Z.
**
** {F17863} If the [BLOB handle] P is expired and X and N are within bounds
**          then [sqlite3_blob_read(P,Z,N,X)] shall leave the Z buffer
**          unchanged and return [SQLITE_ABORT].
**
** {F17865} If the requested read could not be completed,
**          the [sqlite3_blob_read(P,Z,N,X)] interface shall return an
**          appropriate [error code] or [extended error code].
**
** {F17868} If an error occurs during evaluation of [sqlite3_blob_read(P,...)]
**          then subsequent calls to [sqlite3_errcode(D)],
**          [sqlite3_errmsg(D)], and [sqlite3_errmsg16(D)] shall return
**          information appropriate for that error, where D is the
**          [database connection] that was used to open the [BLOB handle] P.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_blob_read(sqlite3_blob *, void *Z, int N, int iOffset);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Write Data Into A BLOB Incrementally {F17870}
**
** This function is used to write data into an open [BLOB handle] from a
** caller-supplied buffer. N bytes of data are copied from the buffer Z
** into the open BLOB, starting at offset iOffset.
**
** If the [BLOB handle] passed as the first argument was not opened for
** writing (the flags parameter to [sqlite3_blob_open()] was zero),
................................................................................
** or by other independent statements.
**
** On success, SQLITE_OK is returned.
** Otherwise, an  [error code] or an [extended error code] is returned.
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F17873} A successful invocation of [sqlite3_blob_write(P,Z,N,X)]
**          shall write N bytes of data from buffer Z into the BLOB 
**          referenced by [BLOB handle] P beginning at offset X into
**          the BLOB.
**
** {F17874} In the absence of other overridding changes, the changes
**          written to a BLOB by [sqlite3_blob_write()] shall
**          remain in effect after the associated [BLOB handle] expires.
**
** {F17875} If the [BLOB handle] P was opened for reading only then
**          an invocation of [sqlite3_blob_write(P,Z,N,X)] shall leave
**          the referenced BLOB unchanged and return [SQLITE_READONLY].
**
** {F17876} If the size of the BLOB referenced by [BLOB handle] P is
**          less than N+X bytes then [sqlite3_blob_write(P,Z,N,X)] shall
**          leave the BLOB unchanged and return [SQLITE_ERROR].
**
** {F17877} If the [BLOB handle] P is expired and X and N are within bounds
**          then [sqlite3_blob_read(P,Z,N,X)] shall leave the BLOB
**          unchanged and return [SQLITE_ABORT].
**
** {F17879} If X or N are less than zero then [sqlite3_blob_write(P,Z,N,X)]
**          shall leave the BLOB referenced by [BLOB handle] P unchanged
**          and return [SQLITE_ERROR].
**
** {F17882} The [sqlite3_blob_write(P,Z,N,X)] interface shall return
**          [SQLITE_OK] if N bytes where successfully written into the BLOB.
**
** {F17885} If the requested write could not be completed,
**          the [sqlite3_blob_write(P,Z,N,X)] interface shall return an
**          appropriate [error code] or [extended error code].
**
** {F17888} If an error occurs during evaluation of [sqlite3_blob_write(D,...)]
**          then subsequent calls to [sqlite3_errcode(D)],
**          [sqlite3_errmsg(D)], and [sqlite3_errmsg16(D)] shall return
**          information appropriate for that error.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_blob_write(sqlite3_blob *, const void *z, int n, int iOffset);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Virtual File System Objects {F11200}
**
** A virtual filesystem (VFS) is an [sqlite3_vfs] object
** that SQLite uses to interact
** with the underlying operating system.  Most SQLite builds come with a
** single default VFS that is appropriate for the host computer.
** New VFSes can be registered and existing VFSes can be unregistered.
** The following interfaces are provided.
................................................................................
**
** Unregister a VFS with the sqlite3_vfs_unregister() interface.
** If the default VFS is unregistered, another VFS is chosen as
** the default.  The choice for the new VFS is arbitrary.
**
** INVARIANTS:
**
** {F11203} The [sqlite3_vfs_find(N)] interface returns a pointer to the
**          registered [sqlite3_vfs] object whose name exactly matches
**          the zero-terminated UTF-8 string N, or it returns NULL if
**          there is no match.
**
** {F11206} If the N parameter to [sqlite3_vfs_find(N)] is NULL then
**          the function returns a pointer to the default [sqlite3_vfs]
**          object if there is one, or NULL if there is no default
**          [sqlite3_vfs] object.
**
** {F11209} The [sqlite3_vfs_register(P,F)] interface registers the
**          well-formed [sqlite3_vfs] object P using the name given
**          by the zName field of the object.
**
** {F11212} Using the [sqlite3_vfs_register(P,F)] interface to register
**          the same [sqlite3_vfs] object multiple times is a harmless no-op.
**
** {F11215} The [sqlite3_vfs_register(P,F)] interface makes the [sqlite3_vfs]
**          object P the default [sqlite3_vfs] object if F is non-zero.
**
** {F11218} The [sqlite3_vfs_unregister(P)] interface unregisters the
**          [sqlite3_vfs] object P so that it is no longer returned by
**          subsequent calls to [sqlite3_vfs_find()].
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3_vfs *sqlite3_vfs_find(const char *zVfsName);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_vfs_register(sqlite3_vfs*, int makeDflt);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_vfs_unregister(sqlite3_vfs*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Mutexes {F17000}
**
** The SQLite core uses these routines for thread
** synchronization. Though they are intended for internal
** use by SQLite, code that links against SQLite is
** permitted to use any of these routines.
**
** The SQLite source code contains multiple implementations
................................................................................
** macro defined (with "-DSQLITE_MUTEX_APPDEF=1"), then no mutex
** implementation is included with the library. In this case the
** application must supply a custom mutex implementation using the
** [SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX] option of the sqlite3_config() function
** before calling sqlite3_initialize() or any other public sqlite3_
** function that calls sqlite3_initialize().
**
** {F17011} The sqlite3_mutex_alloc() routine allocates a new
** mutex and returns a pointer to it. {F17012} If it returns NULL
** that means that a mutex could not be allocated. {F17013} SQLite
** will unwind its stack and return an error. {F17014} The argument
** to sqlite3_mutex_alloc() is one of these integer constants:
**
** <ul>
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM2
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PRNG
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU2
** </ul>
**
** {F17015} The first two constants cause sqlite3_mutex_alloc() to create
** a new mutex.  The new mutex is recursive when SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE
** is used but not necessarily so when SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST is used. {END}
** The mutex implementation does not need to make a distinction
** between SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE and SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST if it does
** not want to.  {F17016} But SQLite will only request a recursive mutex in
** cases where it really needs one.  {END} If a faster non-recursive mutex
** implementation is available on the host platform, the mutex subsystem
** might return such a mutex in response to SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST.
**
** {F17017} The other allowed parameters to sqlite3_mutex_alloc() each return
** a pointer to a static preexisting mutex. {END}  Four static mutexes are
** used by the current version of SQLite.  Future versions of SQLite
** may add additional static mutexes.  Static mutexes are for internal
** use by SQLite only.  Applications that use SQLite mutexes should
** use only the dynamic mutexes returned by SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST or
** SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE.
**
** {F17018} Note that if one of the dynamic mutex parameters (SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST
** or SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE) is used then sqlite3_mutex_alloc()
** returns a different mutex on every call.  {F17034} But for the static
** mutex types, the same mutex is returned on every call that has
** the same type number.
**
** {F17019} The sqlite3_mutex_free() routine deallocates a previously
** allocated dynamic mutex. {F17020} SQLite is careful to deallocate every
** dynamic mutex that it allocates. {A17021} The dynamic mutexes must not be in
** use when they are deallocated. {A17022} Attempting to deallocate a static
** mutex results in undefined behavior. {F17023} SQLite never deallocates
** a static mutex. {END}
**
** The sqlite3_mutex_enter() and sqlite3_mutex_try() routines attempt
** to enter a mutex. {F17024} If another thread is already within the mutex,
** sqlite3_mutex_enter() will block and sqlite3_mutex_try() will return
** SQLITE_BUSY. {F17025}  The sqlite3_mutex_try() interface returns [SQLITE_OK]
** upon successful entry.  {F17026} Mutexes created using
** SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE can be entered multiple times by the same thread.
** {F17027} In such cases the,
** mutex must be exited an equal number of times before another thread
** can enter.  {A17028} If the same thread tries to enter any other
** kind of mutex more than once, the behavior is undefined.
** {F17029} SQLite will never exhibit
** such behavior in its own use of mutexes.
**
** Some systems (for example, Windows 95) do not support the operation
** implemented by sqlite3_mutex_try().  On those systems, sqlite3_mutex_try()
** will always return SQLITE_BUSY.  {F17030} The SQLite core only ever uses
** sqlite3_mutex_try() as an optimization so this is acceptable behavior.
**
** {F17031} The sqlite3_mutex_leave() routine exits a mutex that was
** previously entered by the same thread.  {A17032} The behavior
** is undefined if the mutex is not currently entered by the
** calling thread or is not currently allocated.  {F17033} SQLite will
** never do either. {END}
**
** If the argument to sqlite3_mutex_enter(), sqlite3_mutex_try(), or
** sqlite3_mutex_leave() is a NULL pointer, then all three routines
** behave as no-ops.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_mutex_held()] and [sqlite3_mutex_notheld()].
................................................................................
SQLITE_API sqlite3_mutex *sqlite3_mutex_alloc(int);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_mutex_free(sqlite3_mutex*);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_mutex_enter(sqlite3_mutex*);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_mutex_try(sqlite3_mutex*);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_mutex_leave(sqlite3_mutex*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Mutex Methods Object {F17120}

**
** An instance of this structure defines the low-level routines
** used to allocate and use mutexes.
**
** Usually, the default mutex implementations provided by SQLite are
** sufficient, however the user has the option of substituting a custom
** implementation for specialized deployments or systems for which SQLite
................................................................................
** to sqlite3_config() along with the [SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX] option.
** Additionally, an instance of this structure can be used as an
** output variable when querying the system for the current mutex
** implementation, using the [SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMUTEX] option.
**
** The xMutexInit method defined by this structure is invoked as
** part of system initialization by the sqlite3_initialize() function.
** {F17001} The xMutexInit routine shall be called by SQLite once for each
** effective call to [sqlite3_initialize()].
**
** The xMutexEnd method defined by this structure is invoked as
** part of system shutdown by the sqlite3_shutdown() function. The
** implementation of this method is expected to release all outstanding
** resources obtained by the mutex methods implementation, especially
** those obtained by the xMutexInit method. {F17003} The xMutexEnd()
** interface shall be invoked once for each call to [sqlite3_shutdown()].
**
** The remaining seven methods defined by this structure (xMutexAlloc,
** xMutexFree, xMutexEnter, xMutexTry, xMutexLeave, xMutexHeld and
** xMutexNotheld) implement the following interfaces (respectively):
**
** <ul>
................................................................................
  int (*xMutexTry)(sqlite3_mutex *);
  void (*xMutexLeave)(sqlite3_mutex *);
  int (*xMutexHeld)(sqlite3_mutex *);
  int (*xMutexNotheld)(sqlite3_mutex *);
};

/*
** CAPI3REF: Mutex Verification Routines {F17080}
**
** The sqlite3_mutex_held() and sqlite3_mutex_notheld() routines
** are intended for use inside assert() statements. {F17081} The SQLite core
** never uses these routines except inside an assert() and applications
** are advised to follow the lead of the core.  {F17082} The core only
** provides implementations for these routines when it is compiled
** with the SQLITE_DEBUG flag.  {A17087} External mutex implementations
** are only required to provide these routines if SQLITE_DEBUG is
** defined and if NDEBUG is not defined.
**
** {F17083} These routines should return true if the mutex in their argument
** is held or not held, respectively, by the calling thread.
**
** {X17084} The implementation is not required to provided versions of these
** routines that actually work. If the implementation does not provide working
** versions of these routines, it should at least provide stubs that always
** return true so that one does not get spurious assertion failures.
**
** {F17085} If the argument to sqlite3_mutex_held() is a NULL pointer then
** the routine should return 1.  {END} This seems counter-intuitive since
** clearly the mutex cannot be held if it does not exist.  But the
** the reason the mutex does not exist is because the build is not
** using mutexes.  And we do not want the assert() containing the
** call to sqlite3_mutex_held() to fail, so a non-zero return is
** the appropriate thing to do.  {F17086} The sqlite3_mutex_notheld()
** interface should also return 1 when given a NULL pointer.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_mutex_held(sqlite3_mutex*);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_mutex_notheld(sqlite3_mutex*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Mutex Types {F17001}
**
** {F17002} The [sqlite3_mutex_alloc()] interface takes a single argument
** which is one of these integer constants.




*/
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST             0
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE        1
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER    2
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM       3  /* sqlite3_malloc() */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM2      4  /* sqlite3_release_memory() */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PRNG      5  /* sqlite3_random() */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU       6  /* lru page list */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU2      7  /* lru page list */

/*
** CAPI3REF: Low-Level Control Of Database Files {F11300}
**
** {F11301} The [sqlite3_file_control()] interface makes a direct call to the
** xFileControl method for the [sqlite3_io_methods] object associated
** with a particular database identified by the second argument. {F11302} The
** name of the database is the name assigned to the database by the
** <a href="lang_attach.html">ATTACH</a> SQL command that opened the
** database. {F11303} To control the main database file, use the name "main"
** or a NULL pointer. {F11304} The third and fourth parameters to this routine
** are passed directly through to the second and third parameters of
** the xFileControl method.  {F11305} The return value of the xFileControl
** method becomes the return value of this routine.
**
** {F11306} If the second parameter (zDbName) does not match the name of any
** open database file, then SQLITE_ERROR is returned. {F11307} This error
** code is not remembered and will not be recalled by [sqlite3_errcode()]
** or [sqlite3_errmsg()]. {A11308} The underlying xFileControl method might
** also return SQLITE_ERROR.  {A11309} There is no way to distinguish between
** an incorrect zDbName and an SQLITE_ERROR return from the underlying
** xFileControl method. {END}
**
** See also: [SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE]
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_file_control(sqlite3*, const char *zDbName, int op, void*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Testing Interface {F11400}
**
** The sqlite3_test_control() interface is used to read out internal
** state of SQLite and to inject faults into SQLite for testing
** purposes.  The first parameter is an operation code that determines
** the number, meaning, and operation of all subsequent parameters.
**
** This interface is not for use by applications.  It exists solely
................................................................................
** they take, and what they do are all subject to change without notice.
** Unlike most of the SQLite API, this function is not guaranteed to
** operate consistently from one release to the next.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_test_control(int op, ...);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Testing Interface Operation Codes {F11410}
**
** These constants are the valid operation code parameters used
** as the first argument to [sqlite3_test_control()].
**
** These parameters and their meanings are subject to change
** without notice.  These values are for testing purposes only.
** Applications should not use any of these parameters or the
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_PRNG_RESTORE             6
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_PRNG_RESET               7
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_BITVEC_TEST              8
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_FAULT_INSTALL            9
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_BENIGN_MALLOC_HOOKS     10

/*
** CAPI3REF: SQLite Runtime Status {F17200}

**
** This interface is used to retrieve runtime status information
** about the preformance of SQLite, and optionally to reset various
** highwater marks.  The first argument is an integer code for
** the specific parameter to measure.  Recognized integer codes
** are of the form [SQLITE_STATUS_MEMORY_USED | SQLITE_STATUS_...].
** The current value of the parameter is returned into *pCurrent.
................................................................................
** This routine is threadsafe but is not atomic.  This routine can
** called while other threads are running the same or different SQLite
** interfaces.  However the values returned in *pCurrent and
** *pHighwater reflect the status of SQLite at different points in time
** and it is possible that another thread might change the parameter
** in between the times when *pCurrent and *pHighwater are written.
**
** This interface is experimental and is subject to change or
** removal in future releases of SQLite.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_status(int op, int *pCurrent, int *pHighwater, int resetFlag);

/*




















** CAPI3REF: Status Parameters {F17250}

**
** These integer constants designate various run-time status parameters
** that can be returned by [sqlite3_status()].
**
** <dl>
** <dt>SQLITE_STATUS_MEMORY_USED</dt>
** <dd>This parameter is the current amount of memory checked out
................................................................................
** figure includes calls made to [sqlite3_malloc()] by the application
** and internal memory usage by the SQLite library.  Scratch memory
** controlled by [SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH] and auxiliary page-cache
** memory controlled by [SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE] is not included in
** this parameter.  The amount returned is the sum of the allocation
** sizes as reported by the xSize method in [sqlite3_mem_methods].</dd>
**







** <dt>SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_USED</dt>
** <dd>This parameter returns the number of pages used out of the

** page cache buffer configured using [SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE].  The
** value returned is in pages, not in bytes.</dd>
**
** <dt>SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_OVERFLOW</dt>
** <dd>This parameter returns the number of bytes of page cache
** allocation which could not be statisfied by the [SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE]
** buffer and where forced to overflow to [sqlite3_malloc()].</dd>










**
** <dt>SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_USED</dt>
** <dd>This parameter returns the number of allocations used out of the
** scratch allocation lookaside buffer configured using
** [SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH].  The value returned is in allocations, not
** in bytes.  Since a single thread may only have one allocation
** outstanding at time, this parameter also reports the number of threads
** using scratch memory at the same time.</dd>
**
** <dt>SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_OVERFLOW</dt>
** <dd>This parameter returns the number of bytes of scratch memory
** allocation which could not be statisfied by the [SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH]
** buffer and where forced to overflow to [sqlite3_malloc()].</dd>





**
** <dt>SQLITE_STATUS_MALLOC_SIZE</dt>
** <dd>This parameter records the largest memory allocation request
** handed to [sqlite3_malloc()] or [sqlite3_realloc()] (or their
** internal equivalents).  The value of interest is return in the

** *pHighwater parameter to [sqlite3_status()].  The value written
** into the *pCurrent parameter is undefined.</dd>




** </dl>
**
** New status parameters may be added from time to time.
*/
#define SQLITE_STATUS_MEMORY_USED          0
#define SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_USED       1
#define SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_OVERFLOW   2
#define SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_USED         3
#define SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_OVERFLOW     4
#define SQLITE_STATUS_MALLOC_SIZE          5


















/*
** Undo the hack that converts floating point types to integer for
** builds on processors without floating point support.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
# undef double
................................................................................
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This is the header file for the generic hash-table implemenation
** used in SQLite.
**
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/
#ifndef _SQLITE_HASH_H_
#define _SQLITE_HASH_H_

/* Forward declarations of structures. */
typedef struct Hash Hash;
typedef struct HashElem HashElem;
................................................................................

/*
** A convenience macro that returns the number of elements in
** an array.
*/
#define ArraySize(X)    (sizeof(X)/sizeof(X[0]))







/*
** Forward references to structures
*/
typedef struct AggInfo AggInfo;
typedef struct AuthContext AuthContext;
typedef struct Bitvec Bitvec;
typedef struct CollSeq CollSeq;
................................................................................
typedef struct ExprList ExprList;
typedef struct FKey FKey;
typedef struct FuncDef FuncDef;
typedef struct IdList IdList;
typedef struct Index Index;
typedef struct KeyClass KeyClass;
typedef struct KeyInfo KeyInfo;


typedef struct Module Module;
typedef struct NameContext NameContext;
typedef struct Parse Parse;
typedef struct Select Select;
typedef struct SrcList SrcList;
typedef struct StrAccum StrAccum;
typedef struct Table Table;
................................................................................
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This header file defines the interface that the sqlite B-Tree file
** subsystem.  See comments in the source code for a detailed description
** of what each interface routine does.
**
** @(#) $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/
#ifndef _BTREE_H_
#define _BTREE_H_

/* TODO: This definition is just included so other modules compile. It
** needs to be revisited.
*/
................................................................................
*************************************************************************
** Header file for the Virtual DataBase Engine (VDBE)
**
** This header defines the interface to the virtual database engine
** or VDBE.  The VDBE implements an abstract machine that runs a
** simple program to access and modify the underlying database.
**
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/
#ifndef _SQLITE_VDBE_H_
#define _SQLITE_VDBE_H_

/*
** A single VDBE is an opaque structure named "Vdbe".  Only routines
** in the source file sqliteVdbe.c are allowed to see the insides
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeFinalize(Vdbe*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(Vdbe*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(Vdbe*);
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3VdbeTrace(Vdbe*,FILE*);
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeResetStepResult(Vdbe*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeReset(Vdbe*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(Vdbe*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeSetColName(Vdbe*, int, int, const char *, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeCountChanges(Vdbe*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3 *sqlite3VdbeDb(Vdbe*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeSetSql(Vdbe*, const char *z, int n);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeSwap(Vdbe*,Vdbe*);

................................................................................
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This header file defines the interface that the sqlite page cache
** subsystem.  The page cache subsystem reads and writes a file a page
** at a time and provides a journal for rollback.
**
** @(#) $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/

#ifndef _PAGER_H_
#define _PAGER_H_

/*
** If defined as non-zero, auto-vacuum is enabled by default. Otherwise
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerSetSafetyLevel(Pager*,int,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE const char *sqlite3PagerFilename(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE const sqlite3_vfs *sqlite3PagerVfs(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3_file *sqlite3PagerFile(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE const char *sqlite3PagerDirname(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE const char *sqlite3PagerJournalname(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerNosync(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerMovepage(Pager*,DbPage*,Pgno);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3PagerGetData(DbPage *); 
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3PagerGetExtra(DbPage *); 
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerLockingMode(Pager *, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerJournalMode(Pager *, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE i64 sqlite3PagerJournalSizeLimit(Pager *, i64);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3PagerTempSpace(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerSync(Pager *pPager);
................................................................................
** This header file (together with is companion C source-code file
** "os.c") attempt to abstract the underlying operating system so that
** the SQLite library will work on both POSIX and windows systems.
**
** This header file is #include-ed by sqliteInt.h and thus ends up
** being included by every source file.
**
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/
#ifndef _SQLITE_OS_H_
#define _SQLITE_OS_H_

/*
** Figure out if we are dealing with Unix, Windows, or some other
** operating system.  After the following block of preprocess macros,
................................................................................
** to all source files.  We break it out in an effort to keep the code
** better organized.
**
** NOTE:  source files should *not* #include this header file directly.
** Source files should #include the sqliteInt.h file and let that file
** include this one indirectly.
**
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/


#ifdef SQLITE_MUTEX_APPDEF
/*
** If SQLITE_MUTEX_APPDEF is defined, then this whole module is
** omitted and equivalent functionality must be provided by the
................................................................................

/*
** The number of different kinds of things that can be limited
** using the sqlite3_limit() interface.
*/
#define SQLITE_N_LIMIT (SQLITE_LIMIT_VARIABLE_NUMBER+1)




























/*
** Each database is an instance of the following structure.
**
** The sqlite.lastRowid records the last insert rowid generated by an
** insert statement.  Inserts on views do not affect its value.  Each
** trigger has its own context, so that lastRowid can be updated inside
** triggers as usual.  The previous value will be restored once the trigger
................................................................................
  sqlite3_value *pErr;          /* Most recent error message */
  char *zErrMsg;                /* Most recent error message (UTF-8 encoded) */
  char *zErrMsg16;              /* Most recent error message (UTF-16 encoded) */
  union {
    int isInterrupted;          /* True if sqlite3_interrupt has been called */
    double notUsed1;            /* Spacer */
  } u1;

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
  int (*xAuth)(void*,int,const char*,const char*,const char*,const char*);
                                /* Access authorization function */
  void *pAuthArg;               /* 1st argument to the access auth function */
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_PROGRESS_CALLBACK
  int (*xProgress)(void *);     /* The progress callback */
................................................................................
** when the VDBE cursor to the table is closed.  In this case Table.tnum 
** refers VDBE cursor number that holds the table open, not to the root
** page number.  Transient tables are used to hold the results of a
** sub-query that appears instead of a real table name in the FROM clause 
** of a SELECT statement.
*/
struct Table {

  char *zName;     /* Name of the table */
  int nCol;        /* Number of columns in this table */
  Column *aCol;    /* Information about each column */
  int iPKey;       /* If not less then 0, use aCol[iPKey] as the primary key */
  Index *pIndex;   /* List of SQL indexes on this table. */
  int tnum;        /* Root BTree node for this table (see note above) */
  Select *pSelect; /* NULL for tables.  Points to definition if a view. */
................................................................................
};

/*
** An objected used to accumulate the text of a string where we
** do not necessarily know how big the string will be in the end.
*/
struct StrAccum {

  char *zBase;     /* A base allocation.  Not from malloc. */
  char *zText;     /* The string collected so far */
  int  nChar;      /* Length of the string so far */
  int  nAlloc;     /* Amount of space allocated in zText */
  int  mxAlloc;        /* Maximum allowed string length */
  u8   mallocFailed;   /* Becomes true if any memory allocation fails */
  u8   useMalloc;      /* True if zText is enlargable using realloc */
  u8   tooBig;         /* Becomes true if string size exceeds limits */
};

/*
................................................................................
** This structure also contains some state information.
*/
struct Sqlite3Config {
  int bMemstat;                     /* True to enable memory status */
  int bCoreMutex;                   /* True to enable core mutexing */
  int bFullMutex;                   /* True to enable full mutexing */
  int mxStrlen;                     /* Maximum string length */


  sqlite3_mem_methods m;            /* Low-level memory allocation interface */
  sqlite3_mutex_methods mutex;      /* Low-level mutex interface */
  void *pHeap;                      /* Heap storage space */
  int nHeap;                        /* Size of pHeap[] */
  int mnReq, mxReq;                 /* Min and max heap requests sizes */
  void *pScratch;                   /* Scratch memory */
  int szScratch;                    /* Size of each scratch buffer */
................................................................................
  int nScratch;                     /* Number of scratch buffers */
  void *pPage;                      /* Page cache memory */
  int szPage;                       /* Size of each page in pPage[] */
  int nPage;                        /* Number of pages in pPage[] */
  int isInit;                       /* True after initialization has finished */
  int isMallocInit;                 /* True after malloc is initialized */
  sqlite3_mutex *pInitMutex;        /* Mutex used by sqlite3_initialize() */


};

/*
** Assuming zIn points to the first byte of a UTF-8 character,
** advance zIn to point to the first byte of the next UTF-8 character.
*/
#define SQLITE_SKIP_UTF8(zIn) {                        \
................................................................................

SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3MallocInit(void);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3MallocEnd(void);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3Malloc(int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3MallocZero(int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3DbMallocZero(sqlite3*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3DbMallocRaw(sqlite3*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3StrDup(const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3StrNDup(const char*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3DbStrDup(sqlite3*,const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3DbStrNDup(sqlite3*,const char*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3Realloc(void*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3DbReallocOrFree(sqlite3 *, void *, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3DbRealloc(sqlite3 *, void *, int);

SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3MallocSize(void *);

SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3ScratchMalloc(int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ScratchFree(void*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3PageMalloc(int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PageFree(void*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3MemSetDefault(void);

SQLITE_PRIVATE const sqlite3_mem_methods *sqlite3MemGetMemsys5(void);
SQLITE_PRIVATE const sqlite3_mem_methods *sqlite3MemGetMemsys3(void);

SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BenignMallocHooks(void (*)(void), void (*)(void));

#ifndef SQLITE_MUTEX_NOOP
SQLITE_PRIVATE   sqlite3_mutex_methods *sqlite3DefaultMutex(void);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   sqlite3_mutex *sqlite3MutexAlloc(int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   int sqlite3MutexInit(void);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   int sqlite3MutexEnd(void);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3StatusSet(int, int);

SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IsNaN(double);

SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VXPrintf(StrAccum*, int, const char*, va_list);
SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3MPrintf(sqlite3*,const char*, ...);
SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3VMPrintf(sqlite3*,const char*, va_list);

#if defined(SQLITE_TEST) || defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3DebugPrintf(const char*, ...);
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_TEST)
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void *sqlite3TestTextToPtr(const char*);
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SetString(char **, sqlite3*, const char*, ...);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3Expr(sqlite3*, int, Expr*, Expr*, const Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3PExpr(Parse*, int, Expr*, Expr*, const Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3RegisterExpr(Parse*,Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3ExprAnd(sqlite3*,Expr*, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprSpan(Expr*,Token*,Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3ExprFunction(Parse*,ExprList*, Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprAssignVarNumber(Parse*, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprDelete(Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE ExprList *sqlite3ExprListAppend(Parse*,ExprList*,Expr*,Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprListDelete(ExprList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Init(sqlite3*, char**);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3InitCallback(void*, int, char**, char**);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Pragma(Parse*,Token*,Token*,Token*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ResetInternalSchema(sqlite3*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BeginParse(Parse*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CommitInternalChanges(sqlite3*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Table *sqlite3ResultSetOfSelect(Parse*,char*,Select*);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE IdList *sqlite3IdListAppend(sqlite3*, IdList*, Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IdListIndex(IdList*,const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE SrcList *sqlite3SrcListAppend(sqlite3*, SrcList*, Token*, Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE SrcList *sqlite3SrcListAppendFromTerm(Parse*, SrcList*, Token*, Token*, Token*,
                                      Select*, Expr*, IdList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SrcListShiftJoinType(SrcList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SrcListAssignCursors(Parse*, SrcList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3IdListDelete(IdList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SrcListDelete(SrcList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CreateIndex(Parse*,Token*,Token*,SrcList*,ExprList*,int,Token*,
                        Token*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DropIndex(Parse*, SrcList*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Select(Parse*, Select*, SelectDest*, Select*, int, int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Select *sqlite3SelectNew(Parse*,ExprList*,SrcList*,Expr*,ExprList*,
                         Expr*,ExprList*,int,Expr*,Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SelectDelete(Select*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Table *sqlite3SrcListLookup(Parse*, SrcList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IsReadOnly(Parse*, Table*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3OpenTable(Parse*, int iCur, int iDb, Table*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DeleteFrom(Parse*, SrcList*, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Update(Parse*, SrcList*, ExprList*, Expr*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE WhereInfo *sqlite3WhereBegin(Parse*, SrcList*, Expr*, ExprList**, u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3WhereEnd(WhereInfo*);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3FinishTrigger(Parse*, TriggerStep*, Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3DropTrigger(Parse*, SrcList*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3DropTriggerPtr(Parse*, Trigger*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   int sqlite3TriggersExist(Parse*, Table*, int, ExprList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   int sqlite3CodeRowTrigger(Parse*, int, ExprList*, int, Table *, int, int, 
                           int, int, u32*, u32*);
  void sqliteViewTriggers(Parse*, Table*, Expr*, int, ExprList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3DeleteTriggerStep(TriggerStep*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   TriggerStep *sqlite3TriggerSelectStep(sqlite3*,Select*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   TriggerStep *sqlite3TriggerInsertStep(sqlite3*,Token*, IdList*,
                                        ExprList*,Select*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   TriggerStep *sqlite3TriggerUpdateStep(sqlite3*,Token*,ExprList*, Expr*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   TriggerStep *sqlite3TriggerDeleteStep(sqlite3*,Token*, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3DeleteTrigger(Trigger*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3UnlinkAndDeleteTrigger(sqlite3*,int,const char*);
#else
# define sqlite3TriggersExist(A,B,C,D,E,F) 0
# define sqlite3DeleteTrigger(A)
# define sqlite3DropTriggerPtr(A,B)
# define sqlite3UnlinkAndDeleteTrigger(A,B,C)
# define sqlite3CodeRowTrigger(A,B,C,D,E,F,G,H,I,J,K) 0
#endif

SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3JoinType(Parse*, Token*, Token*, Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CreateForeignKey(Parse*, ExprList*, Token*, ExprList*, int);
................................................................................

/*
** The interface to the LEMON-generated parser
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3ParserAlloc(void*(*)(size_t));
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ParserFree(void*, void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Parser(void*, int, Token, Parse*);




SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3AutoLoadExtensions(sqlite3*);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3CloseExtensions(sqlite3*);
#else
# define sqlite3CloseExtensions(X)
#endif
................................................................................

#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
SQLITE_PRIVATE   int sqlite3Utf8To8(unsigned char*);
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
#  define sqlite3VtabClear(X)
#  define sqlite3VtabSync(X,Y) (Y)
#  define sqlite3VtabRollback(X)
#  define sqlite3VtabCommit(X)
#else
SQLITE_PRIVATE    void sqlite3VtabClear(Table*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE    int sqlite3VtabSync(sqlite3 *db, int rc);
SQLITE_PRIVATE    int sqlite3VtabRollback(sqlite3 *db);
SQLITE_PRIVATE    int sqlite3VtabCommit(sqlite3 *db);
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VtabMakeWritable(Parse*,Table*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VtabLock(sqlite3_vtab*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VtabUnlock(sqlite3*, sqlite3_vtab*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VtabBeginParse(Parse*, Token*, Token*, Token*);
................................................................................
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
**
** This file contains definitions of global variables and contants.
**
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/


/* An array to map all upper-case characters into their corresponding
** lower-case character. 
**
** SQLite only considers US-ASCII (or EBCDIC) characters.  We do not
................................................................................
#endif
};

/*
** The following singleton contains the global configuration for
** the SQLite library.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE struct Sqlite3Config sqlite3Config = { 1, 1, 1, 0x7ffffffe };









/************** End of global.c **********************************************/
/************** Begin file status.c ******************************************/
/*
** 2008 June 18
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
................................................................................
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
**
** This module implements the sqlite3_status() interface and related
** functionality.
**
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/

/*
** Variables in which to record status information.
*/
static struct {
  int nowValue[6];         /* Current value */
  int mxValue[6];          /* Maximum value */
} sqlite3Stat;


/*
** Reset the status records.  This routine is called by
** sqlite3_initialize().
*/
................................................................................
  *pCurrent = sqlite3Stat.nowValue[op];
  *pHighwater = sqlite3Stat.mxValue[op];
  if( resetFlag ){
    sqlite3Stat.mxValue[op] = sqlite3Stat.nowValue[op];
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}



























/************** End of status.c **********************************************/
/************** Begin file date.c ********************************************/
/*
** 2003 October 31
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
................................................................................
** This file contains the C functions that implement date and time
** functions for SQLite.  
**
** There is only one exported symbol in this file - the function
** sqlite3RegisterDateTimeFunctions() found at the bottom of the file.
** All other code has file scope.
**
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
**
** SQLite processes all times and dates as Julian Day numbers.  The
** dates and times are stored as the number of days since noon
** in Greenwich on November 24, 4714 B.C. according to the Gregorian
** calendar system. 
**
** 1970-01-01 00:00:00 is JD 2440587.5
................................................................................
      ** Treat the current value of p->iJD as the number of
      ** seconds since 1970.  Convert to a real julian day number.
      */
      if( strcmp(z, "unixepoch")==0 && p->validJD ){
        p->iJD = p->iJD/86400.0 + 2440587.5*86400000.0;
        clearYMD_HMS_TZ(p);
        rc = 0;


      }else if( strcmp(z, "utc")==0 ){
        double c1;
        computeJD(p);
        c1 = localtimeOffset(p);
        p->iJD -= c1;
        clearYMD_HMS_TZ(p);
        p->iJD += c1 - localtimeOffset(p);
        rc = 0;
      }

      break;
    }
    case 'w': {
      /*
      **    weekday N
      **
      ** Move the date to the same time on the next occurrence of
................................................................................
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  DateTime x;
  u64 n;
  int i, j;
  char *z;

  const char *zFmt = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
  char zBuf[100];
  if( zFmt==0 || isDate(context, argc-1, argv+1, &x) ) return;

  for(i=0, n=1; zFmt[i]; i++, n++){
    if( zFmt[i]=='%' ){
      switch( zFmt[i+1] ){
        case 'd':
        case 'H':
        case 'm':
        case 'M':
................................................................................
          return;  /* ERROR.  return a NULL */
      }
      i++;
    }
  }
  if( n<sizeof(zBuf) ){
    z = zBuf;
  }else if( n>sqlite3_context_db_handle(context)->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH] ){
    sqlite3_result_error_toobig(context);
    return;
  }else{
    z = sqlite3Malloc( n );
    if( z==0 ){
      sqlite3_result_error_nomem(context);
      return;
    }
  }
  computeJD(&x);
  computeYMD_HMS(&x);
................................................................................
        case 'Y':  sqlite3_snprintf(5,&z[j],"%04d",x.Y); j+=strlen(&z[j]);break;
        default:   z[j++] = '%'; break;
      }
    }
  }
  z[j] = 0;
  sqlite3_result_text(context, z, -1,
                      z==zBuf ? SQLITE_TRANSIENT : sqlite3_free);
}

/*
** current_time()
**
** This function returns the same value as time('now').
*/
................................................................................
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
******************************************************************************
**
** This file contains OS interface code that is common to all
** architectures.
**
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/
#define _SQLITE_OS_C_ 1
#undef _SQLITE_OS_C_

/*
** The default SQLite sqlite3_vfs implementations do not allocate
** memory (actually, os_unix.c allocates a small amount of memory
................................................................................
**     sqlite3OsOpen()
**     sqlite3OsRead()
**     sqlite3OsWrite()
**     sqlite3OsSync()
**     sqlite3OsLock()
**
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_TEST) && (SQLITE_OS_WIN==0)
  #define DO_OS_MALLOC_TEST if (1) {            \
    void *pTstAlloc = sqlite3Malloc(10);       \
    if (!pTstAlloc) return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;  \
    sqlite3_free(pTstAlloc);                    \
  }
#else
  #define DO_OS_MALLOC_TEST
................................................................................
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
**
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/

/*
** This file contains code to support the concept of "benign" 
** malloc failures (when the xMalloc() or xRealloc() method of the
** sqlite3_mem_methods structure fails to allocate a block of memory
** and returns 0). 
................................................................................
** This file contains low-level memory allocation drivers for when
** SQLite will use the standard C-library malloc/realloc/free interface
** to obtain the memory it needs.
**
** This file contains implementations of the low-level memory allocation
** routines specified in the sqlite3_mem_methods object.
**
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/

/*
** This version of the memory allocator is the default.  It is
** used when no other memory allocator is specified using compile-time
** macros.
*/
................................................................................
/*
** Deinitialize this module.
*/
static void sqlite3MemShutdown(void *NotUsed){
  return;
}

/*
** This routine is the only routine in this file with external linkage.
**
** Populate the low-level memory allocation function pointers in
** sqlite3Config.m with pointers to the routines in this file.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3MemSetDefault(void){
  static const sqlite3_mem_methods defaultMethods = {
     sqlite3MemMalloc,
     sqlite3MemFree,
     sqlite3MemRealloc,
     sqlite3MemSize,
     sqlite3MemRoundup,
     sqlite3MemInit,
     sqlite3MemShutdown,
     0
  };










  sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC, &defaultMethods);
}

#endif /* SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC */

/************** End of mem1.c ************************************************/
/************** Begin file mem2.c ********************************************/
/*
................................................................................
** to obtain the memory it needs while adding lots of additional debugging
** information to each allocation in order to help detect and fix memory
** leaks and memory usage errors.
**
** This file contains implementations of the low-level memory allocation
** routines specified in the sqlite3_mem_methods object.
**
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/

/*
** This version of the memory allocator is used only if the
** SQLITE_MEMDEBUG macro is defined
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_MEMDEBUG
................................................................................
  ** sqlite3MallocDisallow() increments the following counter.
  ** sqlite3MallocAllow() decrements it.
  */
  int disallow; /* Do not allow memory allocation */

  /*
  ** Gather statistics on the sizes of memory allocations.
  ** sizeCnt[i] is the number of allocation attempts of i*8
  ** bytes.  i==NCSIZE is the number of allocation attempts for
  ** sizes more than NCSIZE*8 bytes.
  */
  int sizeCnt[NCSIZE];



} mem;






















/*
** Given an allocation, find the MemBlockHdr for that allocation.
**
** This routine checks the guards at either end of the allocation and
** if they are incorrect it asserts.
*/
static struct MemBlockHdr *sqlite3MemsysGetHeader(void *pAllocation){
................................................................................
  int *pInt;
  void *p = 0;
  int totalSize;
  int nReserve;
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(mem.mutex);
  assert( mem.disallow==0 );
  nReserve = (nByte+7)&~7;
  if( nReserve/8>NCSIZE-1 ){
    mem.sizeCnt[NCSIZE-1]++;
  }else{
    mem.sizeCnt[nReserve/8]++;
  }
  totalSize = nReserve + sizeof(*pHdr) + sizeof(int) +
               mem.nBacktrace*sizeof(void*) + mem.nTitle;
  p = malloc(totalSize);
  if( p ){
    z = p;
    pBt = (void**)&z[mem.nTitle];
    pHdr = (struct MemBlockHdr*)&pBt[mem.nBacktrace];
................................................................................
    }else{
      pHdr->nBacktrace = 0;
    }
    if( mem.nTitle ){
      memcpy(z, mem.zTitle, mem.nTitle);
    }
    pHdr->iSize = nByte;

    pInt = (int*)&pHdr[1];
    pInt[nReserve/sizeof(int)] = REARGUARD;
    memset(pInt, 0x65, nReserve);
    p = (void*)pInt;
  }
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(mem.mutex);
  return p; 
................................................................................
    pHdr->pNext->pPrev = pHdr->pPrev;
  }else{
    assert( mem.pLast==pHdr );
    mem.pLast = pHdr->pPrev;
  }
  z = (char*)pBt;
  z -= pHdr->nTitle;

  memset(z, 0x2b, sizeof(void*)*pHdr->nBacktraceSlots + sizeof(*pHdr) +
                  pHdr->iSize + sizeof(int) + pHdr->nTitle);
  free(z);
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(mem.mutex);  
}

/*
................................................................................
    }
    sqlite3MemFree(pPrior);
  }
  return pNew;
}


/*
** Populate the low-level memory allocation function pointers in
** sqlite3Config.m with pointers to the routines in this file.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3MemSetDefault(void){
  static const sqlite3_mem_methods defaultMethods = {
     sqlite3MemMalloc,
     sqlite3MemFree,
     sqlite3MemRealloc,
     sqlite3MemSize,
     sqlite3MemRoundup,
     sqlite3MemInit,
     sqlite3MemShutdown,
     0
  };








  sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC, &defaultMethods);
}

/*
** Set the number of backtrace levels kept for each allocation.
** A value of zero turns off backtracing.  The number is always rounded
** up to a multiple of 2.
*/
................................................................................
      pBt -= pHdr->nBacktraceSlots;
      backtrace_symbols_fd(pBt, pHdr->nBacktrace, fileno(out));
      fprintf(out, "\n");
    }
  }
  fprintf(out, "COUNTS:\n");
  for(i=0; i<NCSIZE-1; i++){
    if( mem.sizeCnt[i] ){
      fprintf(out, "   %3d: %d\n", i*8+8, mem.sizeCnt[i]);

    }
  }
  if( mem.sizeCnt[NCSIZE-1] ){
    fprintf(out, "  >%3d: %d\n", NCSIZE*8, mem.sizeCnt[NCSIZE-1]);



  }
  fclose(out);
}

/*
** Return the number of times sqlite3MemMalloc() has been called.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3MemdebugMallocCount(){
  int i;
  int nTotal = 0;
  for(i=0; i<NCSIZE; i++){
    nTotal += mem.sizeCnt[i];
  }
  return nTotal;
}


#endif /* SQLITE_MEMDEBUG */

................................................................................
** implementations. Once sqlite3_initialize() has been called,
** the amount of memory available to SQLite is fixed and cannot
** be changed.
**
** This version of the memory allocation subsystem is included
** in the build only if SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS3 is defined.
**
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/

/*
** This version of the memory allocator is only built into the library
** SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS3 is defined. Defining this symbol does not
** mean that the library will use a memory-pool by default, just that
** it is available. The mempool allocator is activated by calling
................................................................................

  /*
  ** Memory available for allocation. nPool is the size of the array
  ** (in Mem3Blocks) pointed to by aPool less 2.
  */
  u32 nPool;
  Mem3Block *aPool;
  /* Mem3Block aPool[SQLITE_MEMORY_SIZE/sizeof(Mem3Block)+2]; */
} mem3;

/*
** Unlink the chunk at mem3.aPool[i] from list it is currently
** on.  *pRoot is the list that i is a member of.
*/
static void memsys3UnlinkFromList(u32 i, u32 *pRoot){
................................................................................
      memsys3Unlink(mem3.iMaster+mem3.szMaster);
      mem3.szMaster += mem3.aPool[mem3.iMaster+mem3.szMaster-1].u.hdr.size4x/4;
      mem3.aPool[mem3.iMaster-1].u.hdr.size4x = mem3.szMaster*4 | x;
      mem3.aPool[mem3.iMaster+mem3.szMaster-1].u.hdr.prevSize = mem3.szMaster;
    }
  }
}

























/*
** Allocate nBytes of memory.
*/
static void *memsys3Malloc(int nBytes){
  sqlite3_int64 *p;
  assert( nBytes>0 );          /* malloc.c filters out 0 byte requests */
................................................................................
void memsys3Free(void *pPrior){
  assert( pPrior );
  memsys3Enter();
  memsys3FreeUnsafe(pPrior);
  memsys3Leave();
}

/*
** Return the size of an outstanding allocation, in bytes.  The
** size returned omits the 8-byte header overhead.  This only
** works for chunks that are currently checked out.
*/
static int memsys3Size(void *p){
  Mem3Block *pBlock;
  if( p==0 ) return 0;
  pBlock = (Mem3Block*)p;
  assert( (pBlock[-1].u.hdr.size4x&1)!=0 );
  return (pBlock[-1].u.hdr.size4x&~3)*2 - 4;
}

/*
** Change the size of an existing memory allocation
*/
void *memsys3Realloc(void *pPrior, int nBytes){
  int nOld;
  void *p;
  if( pPrior==0 ){
................................................................................
    }
    memsys3FreeUnsafe(pPrior);
  }
  memsys3Leave();
  return p;
}

/*
** Round up a request size to the next valid allocation size.
*/
static int memsys3Roundup(int n){
  return (n+7) & ~7;
}

/*
** Initialize this module.
*/
static int memsys3Init(void *NotUsed){
  if( !sqlite3Config.pHeap ){
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
................................................................................
** implementations. Once sqlite3_initialize() has been called,
** the amount of memory available to SQLite is fixed and cannot
** be changed.
**
** This version of the memory allocation subsystem is included
** in the build only if SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS5 is defined.
**
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/

/*
** This version of the memory allocator is used only when 
** SQLITE_POW2_MEMORY_SIZE is defined.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS5
................................................................................
  };
  return &memsys5Methods;
}

#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS5 */

/************** End of mem5.c ************************************************/


















































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































/************** Begin file mutex.c *******************************************/
/*
** 2007 August 14
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
................................................................................
** exclusion and is thus suitable for use only in applications
** that use SQLite in a single thread.  But this implementation
** does do a lot of error checking on mutexes to make sure they
** are called correctly and at appropriate times.  Hence, this
** implementation is suitable for testing.
** debugging purposes
**
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/

#ifndef SQLITE_MUTEX_NOOP
/*
** Initialize the mutex system.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3MutexInit(void){ 
................................................................................
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains the C functions that implement mutexes for OS/2
**
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/

/*
** The code in this file is only used if SQLITE_MUTEX_OS2 is defined.
** See the mutex.h file for details.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_MUTEX_OS2
................................................................................
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains the C functions that implement mutexes for pthreads
**
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/

/*
** The code in this file is only used if we are compiling threadsafe
** under unix with pthreads.
**
** Note that this implementation requires a version of pthreads that
................................................................................
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains the C functions that implement mutexes for win32
**
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/

/*
** The code in this file is only used if we are compiling multithreaded
** on a win32 system.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_MUTEX_W32
................................................................................
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
**
** Memory allocation functions used throughout sqlite.
**
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/

/*
** This routine runs when the memory allocator sees that the
** total memory allocation is about to exceed the soft heap
** limit.
*/
................................................................................
  if( sqlite3Config.m.xMalloc==0 ){
    sqlite3MemSetDefault();
  }
  memset(&mem0, 0, sizeof(mem0));
  if( sqlite3Config.bCoreMutex ){
    mem0.mutex = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM);
  }
  if( sqlite3Config.pScratch && sqlite3Config.szScratch>=3000
      && sqlite3Config.nScratch>0 ){
    int i;

    mem0.aScratchFree = (u32*)&((char*)sqlite3Config.pScratch)
                  [sqlite3Config.szScratch*sqlite3Config.nScratch];
    for(i=0; i<sqlite3Config.nScratch; i++){ mem0.aScratchFree[i] = i; }
    mem0.nScratchFree = sqlite3Config.nScratch;
  }else{
    sqlite3Config.pScratch = 0;
    sqlite3Config.szScratch = 0;
  }
  if( sqlite3Config.pPage && sqlite3Config.szPage>=512
      && sqlite3Config.nPage>0 ){
    int i;





    mem0.aPageFree = (u32*)&((char*)sqlite3Config.pPage)
                  [sqlite3Config.szPage*sqlite3Config.nPage];
    for(i=0; i<sqlite3Config.nPage; i++){ mem0.aPageFree[i] = i; }
    mem0.nPageFree = sqlite3Config.nPage;
  }else{
    sqlite3Config.pPage = 0;
    sqlite3Config.szPage = 0;
................................................................................
    }
  }
  p = sqlite3Config.m.xMalloc(nFull);
  if( p==0 && mem0.alarmCallback ){
    sqlite3MallocAlarm(nFull);
    p = sqlite3Config.m.xMalloc(nFull);
  }


  if( p ) sqlite3StatusAdd(SQLITE_STATUS_MEMORY_USED, nFull);

  *pp = p;
  return nFull;
}

/*
** Allocate memory.  This routine is like sqlite3_malloc() except that it
** assumes the memory subsystem has already been initialized.
................................................................................
      goto scratch_overflow;
    }else{
      int i;
      i = mem0.aScratchFree[--mem0.nScratchFree];
      sqlite3_mutex_leave(mem0.mutex);
      i *= sqlite3Config.szScratch;
      sqlite3StatusAdd(SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_USED, 1);

      p = (void*)&((char*)sqlite3Config.pScratch)[i];
    }
  }
#if SQLITE_THREADSAFE==0 && !defined(NDEBUG)
  scratchAllocOut = p!=0;
#endif

  return p;

scratch_overflow:
  if( sqlite3Config.bMemstat ){
    sqlite3_mutex_enter(mem0.mutex);

    n = mallocWithAlarm(n, &p);
    if( p ) sqlite3StatusAdd(SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_OVERFLOW, n);
    sqlite3_mutex_leave(mem0.mutex);
  }else{
    p = sqlite3Config.m.xMalloc(n);
  }
#if SQLITE_THREADSAFE==0 && !defined(NDEBUG)
................................................................................
      sqlite3_mutex_leave(mem0.mutex);
      goto page_overflow;
    }else{
      int i;
      i = mem0.aPageFree[--mem0.nPageFree];
      sqlite3_mutex_leave(mem0.mutex);
      i *= sqlite3Config.szPage;

      sqlite3StatusAdd(SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_USED, 1);
      p = (void*)&((char*)sqlite3Config.pPage)[i];
    }
  }
  return p;

page_overflow:
  if( sqlite3Config.bMemstat ){
    sqlite3_mutex_enter(mem0.mutex);

    n = mallocWithAlarm(n, &p);
    if( p ) sqlite3StatusAdd(SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_OVERFLOW, n);
    sqlite3_mutex_leave(mem0.mutex);
  }else{
    p = sqlite3Config.m.xMalloc(n);
  }
  return p;    
................................................................................
      i /= sqlite3Config.szPage;
      assert( i>=0 && i<sqlite3Config.nPage );
      sqlite3_mutex_enter(mem0.mutex);
      assert( mem0.nPageFree<sqlite3Config.nPage );
      mem0.aPageFree[mem0.nPageFree++] = i;
      sqlite3StatusAdd(SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_USED, -1);
      sqlite3_mutex_leave(mem0.mutex);
#ifndef NDEBUG
      /* Assert that a duplicate was not just inserted into aPageFree[]. */
      for(i=0; i<mem0.nPageFree-1; i++){
        assert( mem0.aPageFree[i]!=mem0.aPageFree[mem0.nPageFree-1] );
      }
#endif
    }
  }
}








/*
** Return the size of a memory allocation previously obtained from
** sqlite3Malloc() or sqlite3_malloc().
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3MallocSize(void *p){
  return sqlite3Config.m.xSize(p);







}

/*
** Free memory previously obtained from sqlite3Malloc().
*/
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_free(void *p){
  if( p==0 ) return;
................................................................................
    sqlite3StatusAdd(SQLITE_STATUS_MEMORY_USED, -sqlite3MallocSize(p));
    sqlite3Config.m.xFree(p);
    sqlite3_mutex_leave(mem0.mutex);
  }else{
    sqlite3Config.m.xFree(p);
  }
}
















/*
** Change the size of an existing memory allocation
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3Realloc(void *pOld, int nBytes){
  int nOld, nNew;
  void *pNew;
................................................................................
      }
      pNew = sqlite3Config.m.xRealloc(pOld, nNew);
      if( pNew==0 && mem0.alarmCallback ){
        sqlite3MallocAlarm(nBytes);
        pNew = sqlite3Config.m.xRealloc(pOld, nNew);
      }
      if( pNew ){

        sqlite3StatusAdd(SQLITE_STATUS_MEMORY_USED, nNew-nOld);
      }
    }
    sqlite3_mutex_leave(mem0.mutex);
  }else{
    pNew = sqlite3Config.m.xRealloc(pOld, nBytes);
  }
................................................................................
}

/*
** Allocate and zero memory.  If the allocation fails, make
** the mallocFailed flag in the connection pointer.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3DbMallocRaw(sqlite3 *db, int n){
  void *p = 0;


  if( !db || db->mallocFailed==0 ){












    p = sqlite3Malloc(n);
    if( !p && db ){
      db->mallocFailed = 1;
    }
  }
  return p;
}

/*
** Resize the block of memory pointed to by p to n bytes. If the
** resize fails, set the mallocFailed flag inthe connection object.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3DbRealloc(sqlite3 *db, void *p, int n){
  void *pNew = 0;
  if( db->mallocFailed==0 ){













    pNew = sqlite3_realloc(p, n);
    if( !pNew ){
      db->mallocFailed = 1;

    }
  }
  return pNew;
}

/*
** Attempt to reallocate p.  If the reallocation fails, then free p
** and set the mallocFailed flag in the database connection.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3DbReallocOrFree(sqlite3 *db, void *p, int n){
  void *pNew;
  pNew = sqlite3DbRealloc(db, p, n);
  if( !pNew ){
    sqlite3_free(p);
  }
  return pNew;
}

/*
** Make a copy of a string in memory obtained from sqliteMalloc(). These 
** functions call sqlite3MallocRaw() directly instead of sqliteMalloc(). This
** is because when memory debugging is turned on, these two functions are 
** called via macros that record the current file and line number in the
** ThreadData structure.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3StrDup(const char *z){
  char *zNew;
  int n;
  if( z==0 ) return 0;
  n = strlen(z)+1;
  zNew = sqlite3Malloc(n);
  if( zNew ) memcpy(zNew, z, n);
  return zNew;
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3StrNDup(const char *z, int n){
  char *zNew;
  if( z==0 ) return 0;


  zNew = sqlite3Malloc(n+1);
  if( zNew ){
    memcpy(zNew, z, n);
    zNew[n] = 0;
  }
  return zNew;
}

SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3DbStrDup(sqlite3 *db, const char *z){
  char *zNew = sqlite3StrDup(z);
  if( z && !zNew ){
    db->mallocFailed = 1;
  }
  return zNew;
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3DbStrNDup(sqlite3 *db, const char *z, int n){
  char *zNew = sqlite3StrNDup(z, n);





  if( z && !zNew ){
    db->mallocFailed = 1;


  }
  return zNew;
}

/*
** Create a string from the zFromat argument and the va_list that follows.
** Store the string in memory obtained from sqliteMalloc() and make *pz
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SetString(char **pz, sqlite3 *db, const char *zFormat, ...){
  va_list ap;
  char *z;

  va_start(ap, zFormat);
  z = sqlite3VMPrintf(db, zFormat, ap);
  va_end(ap);
  sqlite3_free(*pz);
  *pz = z;
}


/*
** This function must be called before exiting any API function (i.e. 
** returning control to the user) that has called sqlite3_malloc or
................................................................................
/*
** The "printf" code that follows dates from the 1980's.  It is in
** the public domain.  The original comments are included here for
** completeness.  They are very out-of-date but might be useful as
** an historical reference.  Most of the "enhancements" have been backed
** out so that the functionality is now the same as standard printf().
**
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
**
**************************************************************************
**
** The following modules is an enhanced replacement for the "printf" subroutines
** found in the standard C library.  The following enhancements are
** supported:
**
................................................................................
      if( szNew > p->mxAlloc ){
        sqlite3StrAccumReset(p);
        p->tooBig = 1;
        return;
      }else{
        p->nAlloc = szNew;
      }
      zNew = sqlite3Malloc( p->nAlloc );
      if( zNew ){
        memcpy(zNew, p->zText, p->nChar);
        sqlite3StrAccumReset(p);
        p->zText = zNew;
      }else{
        p->mallocFailed = 1;
        sqlite3StrAccumReset(p);
................................................................................
** Return a pointer to the resulting string.  Return a NULL
** pointer if any kind of error was encountered.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3StrAccumFinish(StrAccum *p){
  if( p->zText ){
    p->zText[p->nChar] = 0;
    if( p->useMalloc && p->zText==p->zBase ){
      p->zText = sqlite3Malloc( p->nChar+1 );
      if( p->zText ){
        memcpy(p->zText, p->zBase, p->nChar+1);
      }else{
        p->mallocFailed = 1;
      }
    }
  }
................................................................................
}

/*
** Reset an StrAccum string.  Reclaim all malloced memory.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3StrAccumReset(StrAccum *p){
  if( p->zText!=p->zBase ){
    sqlite3_free(p->zText);
  }
  p->zText = 0;
}

/*
** Initialize a string accumulator
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3StrAccumInit(StrAccum *p, char *zBase, int n, int mx){
  p->zText = p->zBase = zBase;

  p->nChar = 0;
  p->nAlloc = n;
  p->mxAlloc = mx;
  p->useMalloc = 1;
  p->tooBig = 0;
  p->mallocFailed = 0;
}
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3VMPrintf(sqlite3 *db, const char *zFormat, va_list ap){
  char *z;
  char zBase[SQLITE_PRINT_BUF_SIZE];
  StrAccum acc;
  sqlite3StrAccumInit(&acc, zBase, sizeof(zBase),
                      db ? db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH] : SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH);

  sqlite3VXPrintf(&acc, 1, zFormat, ap);
  z = sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&acc);
  if( acc.mallocFailed && db ){
    db->mallocFailed = 1;
  }
  return z;
}
................................................................................
  va_list ap;
  char *z;
  va_start(ap, zFormat);
  z = sqlite3VMPrintf(db, zFormat, ap);
  va_end(ap);
  return z;
}



















/*
** Print into memory obtained from sqlite3_malloc().  Omit the internal
** %-conversion extensions.
*/
SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_vmprintf(const char *zFormat, va_list ap){
  char *z;
................................................................................
*************************************************************************
** This file contains code to implement a pseudo-random number
** generator (PRNG) for SQLite.
**
** Random numbers are used by some of the database backends in order
** to generate random integer keys for tables or random filenames.
**
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/


/* All threads share a single random number generator.
** This structure is the current state of the generator.
*/
static struct sqlite3PrngType {
................................................................................
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains routines used to translate between UTF-8, 
** UTF-16, UTF-16BE, and UTF-16LE.
**
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
**
** Notes on UTF-8:
**
**   Byte-0    Byte-1    Byte-2    Byte-3    Value
**  0xxxxxxx                                 00000000 00000000 0xxxxxxx
**  110yyyyy  10xxxxxx                       00000000 00000yyy yyxxxxxx
**  1110zzzz  10yyyyyy  10xxxxxx             00000000 zzzzyyyy yyxxxxxx
................................................................................
*************************************************************************
** This is the header file for information that is private to the
** VDBE.  This information used to all be at the top of the single
** source code file "vdbe.c".  When that file became too big (over
** 6000 lines long) it was split up into several smaller files and
** this header information was factored out.
**
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/
#ifndef _VDBEINT_H_
#define _VDBEINT_H_

/*
** intToKey() and keyToInt() used to transform the rowid.  But with
** the latest versions of the design they are no-ops.
................................................................................
** of that structure is private to this file.
**
** The Fifo structure describes the entire fifo.  
*/
typedef struct Fifo Fifo;
struct Fifo {
  int nEntry;         /* Total number of entries */

  FifoPage *pFirst;   /* First page on the list */
  FifoPage *pLast;    /* Last page on the list */
};

/*
** A Context stores the last insert rowid, the last statement change count,
** and the current statement change count (i.e. changes since last statement).
................................................................................
  int inTempTrans;        /* True if temp database is transactioned */
  int nResColumn;         /* Number of columns in one row of the result set */
  char **azResColumn;     /* Values for one row of result */ 
  char *zErrMsg;          /* Error message written here */
  Mem *pResultSet;        /* Pointer to an array of results */
  u8 explain;             /* True if EXPLAIN present on SQL command */
  u8 changeCntOn;         /* True to update the change-counter */
  u8 aborted;             /* True if ROLLBACK in another VM causes an abort */
  u8 expired;             /* True if the VM needs to be recompiled */
  u8 minWriteFileFormat;  /* Minimum file format for writable database files */
  u8 inVtabMethod;        /* See comments above */
  int nChange;            /* Number of db changes made since last reset */
  i64 startTime;          /* Time when query started - used for profiling */
  int btreeMask;          /* Bitmask of db->aDb[] entries referenced */
  BtreeMutexArray aMutex; /* An array of Btree used here and needing locks */
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeSerialGet(const unsigned char*, u32, Mem*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeDeleteAuxData(VdbeFunc*, int);

int sqlite2BtreeKeyCompare(BtCursor *, const void *, int, int, int *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeIdxKeyCompare(Cursor*,UnpackedRecord *,int,const unsigned char*,int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeIdxRowid(BtCursor *, i64 *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3MemCompare(const Mem*, const Mem*, const CollSeq*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeIdxRowidLen(const u8*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeExec(Vdbe*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeList(Vdbe*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeHalt(Vdbe*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(Mem *, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemTooBig(Mem*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemCopy(Mem*, const Mem*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMemShallowCopy(Mem*, const Mem*, int);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemNulTerminate(Mem*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr(Mem*, const char*, int, u8, void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMemSetInt64(Mem*, i64);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMemSetDouble(Mem*, double);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(Mem*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMemSetZeroBlob(Mem*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemMakeWriteable(Mem*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemDynamicify(Mem*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemStringify(Mem*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE i64 sqlite3VdbeIntValue(Mem*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemIntegerify(Mem*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE double sqlite3VdbeRealValue(Mem*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeIntegerAffinity(Mem*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemRealify(Mem*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemNumerify(Mem*);
................................................................................
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemTranslate(Mem*, u8);
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3VdbePrintSql(Vdbe*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3VdbeMemPrettyPrint(Mem *pMem, char *zBuf);
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemHandleBom(Mem *pMem);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeFifoInit(Fifo*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeFifoPush(Fifo*, i64);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeFifoPop(Fifo*, i64*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeFifoClear(Fifo*);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_INCRBLOB
SQLITE_PRIVATE   int sqlite3VdbeMemExpandBlob(Mem *);
#else
................................................................................
**     and rendered as themselves even though they are technically
**     invalid characters.
**
**  *  This routine accepts an infinite number of different UTF8 encodings
**     for unicode values 0x80 and greater.  It do not change over-length
**     encodings to 0xfffd as some systems recommend.
*/











SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Utf8Read(
  const unsigned char *z,         /* First byte of UTF-8 character */
  const unsigned char *zTerm,     /* Pretend this byte is 0x00 */
  const unsigned char **pzNext    /* Write first byte past UTF-8 char here */
){
  int c = *(z++);
  if( c>=0xc0 ){
    c = sqlite3UtfTrans1[c-0xc0];
    while( z!=zTerm && (*z & 0xc0)==0x80 ){
      c = (c<<6) + (0x3f & *(z++));
    }
    if( c<0x80
        || (c&0xFFFFF800)==0xD800
        || (c&0xFFFFFFFE)==0xFFFE ){  c = 0xFFFD; }
  }
  *pzNext = z;
  return c;
}




/*
** If the TRANSLATE_TRACE macro is defined, the value of each Mem is
** printed on stderr on the way into and out of sqlite3VdbeMemTranslate().
*/ 
................................................................................
  }
  z = zOut;

  if( pMem->enc==SQLITE_UTF8 ){
    if( desiredEnc==SQLITE_UTF16LE ){
      /* UTF-8 -> UTF-16 Little-endian */
      while( zIn<zTerm ){
        c = sqlite3Utf8Read(zIn, zTerm, (const u8**)&zIn);

        WRITE_UTF16LE(z, c);
      }
    }else{
      assert( desiredEnc==SQLITE_UTF16BE );
      /* UTF-8 -> UTF-16 Big-endian */
      while( zIn<zTerm ){
        c = sqlite3Utf8Read(zIn, zTerm, (const u8**)&zIn);

        WRITE_UTF16BE(z, c);
      }
    }
    pMem->n = z - zOut;
    *z++ = 0;
  }else{
    assert( desiredEnc==SQLITE_UTF8 );
................................................................................
**
*************************************************************************
** Utility functions used throughout sqlite.
**
** This file contains functions for allocating memory, comparing
** strings, and stuff like that.
**
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/


/*
** Return true if the floating point value is Not a Number.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IsNaN(double x){
  /* This NaN test sometimes fails if compiled on GCC with -ffast-math.
  ** On the other hand, the use of -ffast-math comes with the following
  ** warning:
  **
  **      This option [-ffast-math] should never be turned on by any
  **      -O option since it can result in incorrect output for programs
  **      which depend on an exact implementation of IEEE or ISO 
  **      rules/specifications for math functions.








  */
#ifdef __FAST_MATH__
# error SQLite will not work correctly with the -ffast-math option of GCC.
#endif
  volatile double y = x;
  volatile double z = y;
  return y!=z;
................................................................................

/*
** Return the length of a string, except do not allow the string length
** to exceed the SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH setting.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Strlen(sqlite3 *db, const char *z){
  const char *z2 = z;


  while( *z2 ){ z2++; }


  if( z2 > &z[db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH]] ){
    return db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH];
  }else{
    return (int)(z2 - z);
  }
}

/*
** Set the most recent error code and error string for the sqlite
** handle "db". The error code is set to "err_code".
**
................................................................................
    db->errCode = err_code;
    if( zFormat ){
      char *z;
      va_list ap;
      va_start(ap, zFormat);
      z = sqlite3VMPrintf(db, zFormat, ap);
      va_end(ap);
      sqlite3ValueSetStr(db->pErr, -1, z, SQLITE_UTF8, sqlite3_free);
    }else{
      sqlite3ValueSetStr(db->pErr, 0, 0, SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_STATIC);
    }
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
** last thing the sqlite3_prepare() function does is copy the error
** stored by this function into the database handle using sqlite3Error().
** Function sqlite3Error() should be used during statement execution
** (sqlite3_step() etc.).
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ErrorMsg(Parse *pParse, const char *zFormat, ...){
  va_list ap;

  pParse->nErr++;
  sqlite3_free(pParse->zErrMsg);
  va_start(ap, zFormat);
  pParse->zErrMsg = sqlite3VMPrintf(pParse->db, zFormat, ap);
  va_end(ap);
  if( pParse->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    pParse->rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
}

/*
** Clear the error message in pParse, if any
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ErrorClear(Parse *pParse){
  sqlite3_free(pParse->zErrMsg);
  pParse->zErrMsg = 0;
  pParse->nErr = 0;
}

/*
** Convert an SQL-style quoted string into a normal string by removing
** the quote characters.  The conversion is done in-place.  If the
................................................................................
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This is the implementation of generic hash-tables
** used in SQLite.
**
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/

/* Turn bulk memory into a hash table object by initializing the
** fields of the Hash structure.
**
** "pNew" is a pointer to the hash table that is to be initialized.
** keyClass is one of the constants SQLITE_HASH_INT, SQLITE_HASH_POINTER,
................................................................................
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
******************************************************************************
**
** This file contains code that is specific to OS/2.
**
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/


#if SQLITE_OS_OS2

/*
** A Note About Memory Allocation:
................................................................................
** This file contains macros and a little bit of code that is common to
** all of the platform-specific files (os_*.c) and is #included into those
** files.
**
** This file should be #included by the os_*.c files only.  It is not a
** general purpose header file.
**
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/
#ifndef _OS_COMMON_H_
#define _OS_COMMON_H_

/*
** At least two bugs have slipped in because we changed the MEMORY_DEBUG
** macro to SQLITE_DEBUG and some older makefiles have not yet made the
................................................................................
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
******************************************************************************
**
** This file contains inline asm code for retrieving "high-performance"
** counters for x86 class CPUs.
**
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/
#ifndef _HWTIME_H_
#define _HWTIME_H_

/*
** The following routine only works on pentium-class (or newer) processors.
** It uses the RDTSC opcode to read the cycle count value out of the
................................................................................

  __inline__ sqlite_uint64 sqlite3Hwtime(void){
      unsigned long val;
      __asm__ __volatile__ ("rdtsc" : "=A" (val));
      return val;
  }
 















#else

  #error Need implementation of sqlite3Hwtime() for your platform.

  /*
  ** To compile without implementing sqlite3Hwtime() for your platform,
  ** you can remove the above #error and use the following
................................................................................
static UconvObject ucUtf8 = NULL; /* convert between UTF-8 and UCS-2 */
static UconvObject uclCp = NULL;  /* convert between local codepage and UCS-2 */

/*
** Helper function to initialize the conversion objects from and to UTF-8.
*/
static void initUconvObjects( void ){
	printf("init them\n");
  if( UniCreateUconvObject( UTF_8, &ucUtf8 ) != ULS_SUCCESS )
    ucUtf8 = NULL;
  if ( UniCreateUconvObject( (UniChar *)L"@path=yes", &uclCp ) != ULS_SUCCESS )
    uclCp = NULL;
}

/*
** Helper function to free the conversion objects from and to UTF-8.
*/
static void freeUconvObjects( void ){
	printf("free them\n");
  if ( ucUtf8 )
    UniFreeUconvObject( ucUtf8 );
  if ( uclCp )
    UniFreeUconvObject( uclCp );
  ucUtf8 = NULL;
  uclCp = NULL;
}
................................................................................
** The two-step process: first convert the incoming UTF-8 string
** into UCS-2 and then from UCS-2 to the current codepage.
** The returned char pointer has to be freed.
*/
static char *convertUtf8PathToCp( const char *in ){
  UniChar tempPath[CCHMAXPATH];
  char *out = (char *)calloc( CCHMAXPATH, 1 );
printf("convertUtf8PathToCp(%s)\n", in);

  if( !out )
    return NULL;

  if( !ucUtf8 || !uclCp )
    initUconvObjects();

................................................................................
  /* determine string for the conversion of UTF-8 which is CP1208 */
  if( UniStrToUcs( ucUtf8, tempPath, (char *)in, CCHMAXPATH ) != ULS_SUCCESS )
    return out; /* if conversion fails, return the empty string */

  /* conversion for current codepage which can be used for paths */
  UniStrFromUcs( uclCp, out, tempPath, CCHMAXPATH );

	printf("%s -> Cp = %s\n", in, out);
  return out;
}

/*
** Helper function to convert filenames from local codepage to UTF-8.
** The two-step process: first convert the incoming codepage-specific
** string into UCS-2 and then from UCS-2 to the codepage of UTF-8.
................................................................................
**
** This function is non-static to be able to use this in shell.c and
** similar applications that take command line arguments.
*/
char *convertCpPathToUtf8( const char *in ){
  UniChar tempPath[CCHMAXPATH];
  char *out = (char *)calloc( CCHMAXPATH, 1 );
printf("convertCpPathToUtf8(%s)\n", in);

  if( !out )
    return NULL;

  if( !ucUtf8 || !uclCp )
    initUconvObjects();

................................................................................
  /* conversion for current codepage which can be used for paths */
  if( UniStrToUcs( uclCp, tempPath, (char *)in, CCHMAXPATH ) != ULS_SUCCESS )
    return out; /* if conversion fails, return the empty string */

  /* determine string for the conversion of UTF-8 which is CP1208 */
  UniStrFromUcs( ucUtf8, out, tempPath, CCHMAXPATH );

	printf("%s -> Utf8 = %s\n", in, out);
  return out;
}

/*
** This vector defines all the methods that can operate on an
** sqlite3_file for os2.
*/
................................................................................
    zBuf[j] = (char)zChars[ ((unsigned char)zBuf[j])%(sizeof(zChars)-1) ];
  }
  zBuf[j] = 0;
  OSTRACE2( "TEMP FILENAME: %s\n", zBuf );
  return SQLITE_OK;
}


























/*
** Open a file.
*/
static int os2Open(
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs,            /* Not used */
  const char *zName,            /* Name of the file */
................................................................................
    ulOpenMode |= OPEN_SHARE_DENYWRITE;
    OSTRACE1( "OPEN share read only\n" );
  }

  if( flags & (SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_DB | SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_JOURNAL
               | SQLITE_OPEN_SUBJOURNAL) ){
    char pathUtf8[CCHMAXPATH];

    /*ulFileAttribute = FILE_HIDDEN;  //for debugging, we want to make sure it is deleted*/

    ulFileAttribute = FILE_NORMAL;
    sqlite3OsFullPathname( pVfs, zName, CCHMAXPATH, pathUtf8 );
    pFile->pathToDel = convertUtf8PathToCp( pathUtf8 );
    OSTRACE1( "OPEN hidden/delete on close file attributes\n" );
  }else{
    ulFileAttribute = FILE_ARCHIVED | FILE_NORMAL;
    pFile->pathToDel = NULL;
    OSTRACE1( "OPEN normal file attribute\n" );
  }
................................................................................
    OSTRACE7( "OPEN Invalid handle rc=%d: zName=%s, ulAction=%#lx, ulAttr=%#lx, ulFlags=%#lx, ulMode=%#lx\n",
              rc, zName, ulAction, ulFileAttribute, ulOpenFlags, ulOpenMode );
    if( pFile->pathToDel )
      free( pFile->pathToDel );
    pFile->pathToDel = NULL;
    if( flags & SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE ){
      OSTRACE2( "OPEN %d Invalid handle\n", ((flags | SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY) & ~SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE) );
      return os2Open( 0, zName, id,
                      ((flags | SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY) & ~SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE),
                      pOutFlags );
    }else{
      return SQLITE_CANTOPEN;
    }
  }

................................................................................
      assert( !"Invalid flags argument" );
  }
  *pOut = rc;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}


/*
** Turn a relative pathname into a full pathname.  Write the full
** pathname into zFull[].  zFull[] will be at least pVfs->mxPathname
** bytes in size.
*/
static int os2FullPathname(
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs,          /* Pointer to vfs object */
  const char *zRelative,      /* Possibly relative input path */
  int nFull,                  /* Size of output buffer in bytes */
  char *zFull                 /* Output buffer */
){
  char *zRelativeCp = convertUtf8PathToCp( zRelative );
  char zFullCp[CCHMAXPATH];
  char *zFullUTF;
  APIRET rc = DosQueryPathInfo( zRelativeCp, FIL_QUERYFULLNAME, zFullCp,
                                CCHMAXPATH );
  free( zRelativeCp );
  zFullUTF = convertCpPathToUtf8( zFullCp );
  sqlite3_snprintf( nFull, zFull, zFullUTF );
  free( zFullUTF );
  return rc == NO_ERROR ? SQLITE_OK : SQLITE_IOERR;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION
/*
** Interfaces for opening a shared library, finding entry points
** within the shared library, and closing the shared library.
*/
/*
** Interfaces for opening a shared library, finding entry points
................................................................................
  return 0;
}

/*
** Initialize and deinitialize the operating system interface.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_os_init(void){
  initUconvObjects();

  static sqlite3_vfs os2Vfs = {
    1,                 /* iVersion */
    sizeof(os2File),   /* szOsFile */
    CCHMAXPATH,        /* mxPathname */
    0,                 /* pNext */
    "os2",             /* zName */
    0,                 /* pAppData */
................................................................................
    os2DlClose,        /* xDlClose */
    os2Randomness,     /* xRandomness */
    os2Sleep,          /* xSleep */
    os2CurrentTime,    /* xCurrentTime */
    os2GetLastError    /* xGetLastError */
  };
  sqlite3_vfs_register(&os2Vfs, 1);

  return SQLITE_OK;
}
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_os_end(void){
  freeUconvObjects();
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

................................................................................
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
******************************************************************************
**
** This file contains code that is specific to Unix systems.
**
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/
#if SQLITE_OS_UNIX              /* This file is used on unix only */

/*
** If SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE is defined, then several different 
** locking implementations are provided:
**
................................................................................
** This file contains macros and a little bit of code that is common to
** all of the platform-specific files (os_*.c) and is #included into those
** files.
**
** This file should be #included by the os_*.c files only.  It is not a
** general purpose header file.
**
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/
#ifndef _OS_COMMON_H_
#define _OS_COMMON_H_

/*
** At least two bugs have slipped in because we changed the MEMORY_DEBUG
** macro to SQLITE_DEBUG and some older makefiles have not yet made the
................................................................................
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
******************************************************************************
**
** This file contains inline asm code for retrieving "high-performance"
** counters for x86 class CPUs.
**
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/
#ifndef _HWTIME_H_
#define _HWTIME_H_

/*
** The following routine only works on pentium-class (or newer) processors.
** It uses the RDTSC opcode to read the cycle count value out of the
................................................................................

  __inline__ sqlite_uint64 sqlite3Hwtime(void){
      unsigned long val;
      __asm__ __volatile__ ("rdtsc" : "=A" (val));
      return val;
  }
 















#else

  #error Need implementation of sqlite3Hwtime() for your platform.

  /*
  ** To compile without implementing sqlite3Hwtime() for your platform,
  ** you can remove the above #error and use the following
................................................................................
** object keeps a count of the number of unixFile pointing to it.
*/
struct lockInfo {
  struct lockKey key;  /* The lookup key */
  int cnt;             /* Number of SHARED locks held */
  int locktype;        /* One of SHARED_LOCK, RESERVED_LOCK etc. */
  int nRef;            /* Number of pointers to this structure */

};

/*
** An instance of the following structure serves as the key used
** to locate a particular openCnt structure given its inode.  This
** is the same as the lockKey except that the thread ID is omitted.
*/
................................................................................
*/
struct openCnt {
  struct openKey key;   /* The lookup key */
  int nRef;             /* Number of pointers to this structure */
  int nLock;            /* Number of outstanding locks */
  int nPending;         /* Number of pending close() operations */
  int *aPending;        /* Malloced space holding fd's awaiting a close() */

};

/* 
** These hash tables map inodes and file descriptors (really, lockKey and
** openKey structures) into lockInfo and openCnt structures.  Access to 
** these hash tables must be protected by a mutex.


*/
static Hash lockHash = {SQLITE_HASH_BINARY, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0};
static Hash openHash = {SQLITE_HASH_BINARY, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0};



/*
** The locking styles are associated with the different file locking
** capabilities supported by different file systems.  
**
** POSIX locking style fully supports shared and exclusive byte-range locks 
** AFP locking only supports exclusive byte-range locks
................................................................................
**   can be used on file systems that do not offer any reliable file locking
** NO locking means that no locking will be attempted, this is only used for
**   read-only file systems currently
** UNSUPPORTED means that no locking will be attempted, this is only used for
**   file systems that are known to be unsupported
*/
#define LOCKING_STYLE_POSIX        1
#define LOCKING_STYLE_FLOCK        2
#define LOCKING_STYLE_DOTFILE      3
#define LOCKING_STYLE_NONE         4
#define LOCKING_STYLE_AFP          5

/*
** Helper functions to obtain and relinquish the global mutex.
*/
static void enterMutex(){
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER));
................................................................................
/*
** Release a lockInfo structure previously allocated by findLockInfo().
*/
static void releaseLockInfo(struct lockInfo *pLock){
  if( pLock ){
    pLock->nRef--;
    if( pLock->nRef==0 ){
      sqlite3HashInsert(&lockHash, &pLock->key, sizeof(pLock->key), 0);










      sqlite3_free(pLock);
    }
  }
}

/*
** Release a openCnt structure previously allocated by findLockInfo().
*/
static void releaseOpenCnt(struct openCnt *pOpen){
  if( pOpen ){
    pOpen->nRef--;
    if( pOpen->nRef==0 ){
      sqlite3HashInsert(&openHash, &pOpen->key, sizeof(pOpen->key), 0);










      free(pOpen->aPending);
      sqlite3_free(pOpen);
    }
  }
}

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE
/*
................................................................................
  rc = fstat(fd, &statbuf);
  if( rc!=0 ){
#ifdef EOVERFLOW
    if( errno==EOVERFLOW ) return SQLITE_NOLFS;
#endif
    return SQLITE_IOERR;
  }



















  memset(&key1, 0, sizeof(key1));
  key1.dev = statbuf.st_dev;
  key1.ino = statbuf.st_ino;
#if SQLITE_THREADSAFE
  if( threadsOverrideEachOthersLocks<0 ){
    testThreadLockingBehavior(fd);
  }
  key1.tid = threadsOverrideEachOthersLocks ? 0 : pthread_self();
#endif
  memset(&key2, 0, sizeof(key2));
  key2.dev = statbuf.st_dev;
  key2.ino = statbuf.st_ino;
  pLock = (struct lockInfo*)sqlite3HashFind(&lockHash, &key1, sizeof(key1));



  if( pLock==0 ){
    struct lockInfo *pOld;
    pLock = sqlite3_malloc( sizeof(*pLock) );
    if( pLock==0 ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
      goto exit_findlockinfo;
    }
    pLock->key = key1;
    pLock->nRef = 1;
    pLock->cnt = 0;
    pLock->locktype = 0;
    pOld = sqlite3HashInsert(&lockHash, &pLock->key, sizeof(key1), pLock);
    if( pOld!=0 ){
      assert( pOld==pLock );
      sqlite3_free(pLock);
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
      goto exit_findlockinfo;
    }
  }else{
    pLock->nRef++;
  }
  *ppLock = pLock;
  if( ppOpen!=0 ){
    pOpen = (struct openCnt*)sqlite3HashFind(&openHash, &key2, sizeof(key2));



    if( pOpen==0 ){
      struct openCnt *pOld;
      pOpen = sqlite3_malloc( sizeof(*pOpen) );
      if( pOpen==0 ){
        releaseLockInfo(pLock);
        rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
        goto exit_findlockinfo;
      }
      pOpen->key = key2;
      pOpen->nRef = 1;
      pOpen->nLock = 0;
      pOpen->nPending = 0;
      pOpen->aPending = 0;
      pOld = sqlite3HashInsert(&openHash, &pOpen->key, sizeof(key2), pOpen);
      if( pOld!=0 ){
        assert( pOld==pOpen );
        sqlite3_free(pOpen);
        releaseLockInfo(pLock);
        rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
        goto exit_findlockinfo;
      }
    }else{
      pOpen->nRef++;
    }
    *ppOpen = pOpen;
  }

exit_findlockinfo:
................................................................................
  assert( id );
  rc = fstat(((unixFile*)id)->h, &buf);
  SimulateIOError( rc=1 );
  if( rc!=0 ){
    return SQLITE_IOERR_FSTAT;
  }
  *pSize = buf.st_size;










  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** This routine checks if there is a RESERVED lock held on the specified
** file by this or any other process. If such a lock is held, return
** non-zero.  If the file is unlocked or holds only SHARED locks, then
................................................................................
      pOpen->nLock--;
      assert( pOpen->nLock>=0 );
      if( pOpen->nLock==0 && pOpen->nPending>0 ){
        int i;
        for(i=0; i<pOpen->nPending; i++){
          close(pOpen->aPending[i]);
        }
        free(pOpen->aPending);
        pOpen->nPending = 0;
        pOpen->aPending = 0;
      }
    }
  }
  leaveMutex();
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ) pFile->locktype = locktype;
................................................................................
      /* If there are outstanding locks, do not actually close the file just
      ** yet because that would clear those locks.  Instead, add the file
      ** descriptor to pOpen->aPending.  It will be automatically closed when
      ** the last lock is cleared.
      */
      int *aNew;
      struct openCnt *pOpen = pFile->pOpen;
      aNew = realloc( pOpen->aPending, (pOpen->nPending+1)*sizeof(int) );
      if( aNew==0 ){
        /* If a malloc fails, just leak the file descriptor */
      }else{
        pOpen->aPending = aNew;
        pOpen->aPending[pOpen->nPending] = pFile->h;
        pOpen->nPending++;
        pFile->h = -1;
................................................................................
    dotlockUnlock(id, NO_LOCK);
    sqlite3_free(pFile->lockingContext);
  }
  return closeUnixFile(id);
}


#pragma mark No locking

/*
** The nolockLockingContext is void
*/
typedef void nolockLockingContext;

static int nolockCheckReservedLock(sqlite3_file *id, int *pResOut) {
................................................................................
/*
** Close a file.
*/
static int nolockClose(sqlite3_file *id) {
  return closeUnixFile(id);
}

#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE */


/*
** Information and control of an open file handle.
*/
static int unixFileControl(sqlite3_file *id, int op, void *pArg){
  switch( op ){
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE: {
................................................................................
** and assigned here also.
*/
static int fillInUnixFile(
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs,      /* Pointer to vfs object */
  int h,                  /* Open file descriptor of file being opened */
  int dirfd,              /* Directory file descriptor */
  sqlite3_file *pId,      /* Write to the unixFile structure here */
  const char *zFilename   /* Name of the file being opened */

){




  /* Macro to define the static contents of an sqlite3_io_methods 
  ** structure for a unix backend file. Different locking methods
  ** require different functions for the xClose, xLock, xUnlock and
  ** xCheckReservedLock methods.
  */
  #define IOMETHODS(xClose, xLock, xUnlock, xCheckReservedLock) {    \
    1,                          /* iVersion */                           \
................................................................................
    xCheckReservedLock,         /* xCheckReservedLock */                 \
    unixFileControl,            /* xFileControl */                       \
    unixSectorSize,             /* xSectorSize */                        \
    unixDeviceCharacteristics   /* xDeviceCapabilities */                \
  }
  static sqlite3_io_methods aIoMethod[] = {
    IOMETHODS(unixClose, unixLock, unixUnlock, unixCheckReservedLock) 

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE
   ,IOMETHODS(flockClose, flockLock, flockUnlock, flockCheckReservedLock)
   ,IOMETHODS(dotlockClose, dotlockLock, dotlockUnlock,dotlockCheckReservedLock)
   ,IOMETHODS(nolockClose, nolockLock, nolockUnlock, nolockCheckReservedLock)
   ,IOMETHODS(afpClose, afpLock, afpUnlock, afpCheckReservedLock)
#endif
  };


  int eLockingStyle;
  unixFile *pNew = (unixFile *)pId;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;





  assert( pNew->pLock==NULL );
  assert( pNew->pOpen==NULL );

  OSTRACE3("OPEN    %-3d %s\n", h, zFilename);    
  pNew->h = h;
  pNew->dirfd = dirfd;
  SET_THREADID(pNew);

  assert(LOCKING_STYLE_POSIX==1);
  assert(LOCKING_STYLE_FLOCK==2);
  assert(LOCKING_STYLE_DOTFILE==3);
  assert(LOCKING_STYLE_NONE==4);
  assert(LOCKING_STYLE_AFP==5);
  eLockingStyle = detectLockingStyle(pVfs, zFilename, h);

  switch( eLockingStyle ){

    case LOCKING_STYLE_POSIX: {
      enterMutex();
      rc = findLockInfo(h, &pNew->pLock, &pNew->pOpen);
      leaveMutex();
................................................................................
  int flags,
  int *pOutFlags
){
  int fd = 0;                    /* File descriptor returned by open() */
  int dirfd = -1;                /* Directory file descriptor */
  int oflags = 0;                /* Flags to pass to open() */
  int eType = flags&0xFFFFFF00;  /* Type of file to open */


  int isExclusive  = (flags & SQLITE_OPEN_EXCLUSIVE);
  int isDelete     = (flags & SQLITE_OPEN_DELETEONCLOSE);
  int isCreate     = (flags & SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE);
  int isReadonly   = (flags & SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY);
  int isReadWrite  = (flags & SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE);

................................................................................
    }
  }

#ifdef FD_CLOEXEC
  fcntl(fd, F_SETFD, fcntl(fd, F_GETFD, 0) | FD_CLOEXEC);
#endif


  return fillInUnixFile(pVfs, fd, dirfd, pFile, zPath);
}

/*
** Delete the file at zPath. If the dirSync argument is true, fsync()
** the directory after deleting the file.
*/
static int unixDelete(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, const char *zPath, int dirSync){
................................................................................
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
******************************************************************************
**
** This file contains code that is specific to windows.
**
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/
#if SQLITE_OS_WIN               /* This file is used for windows only */


/*
** A Note About Memory Allocation:
**
................................................................................
** This file contains macros and a little bit of code that is common to
** all of the platform-specific files (os_*.c) and is #included into those
** files.
**
** This file should be #included by the os_*.c files only.  It is not a
** general purpose header file.
**
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/
#ifndef _OS_COMMON_H_
#define _OS_COMMON_H_

/*
** At least two bugs have slipped in because we changed the MEMORY_DEBUG
** macro to SQLITE_DEBUG and some older makefiles have not yet made the
................................................................................
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
******************************************************************************
**
** This file contains inline asm code for retrieving "high-performance"
** counters for x86 class CPUs.
**
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/
#ifndef _HWTIME_H_
#define _HWTIME_H_

/*
** The following routine only works on pentium-class (or newer) processors.
** It uses the RDTSC opcode to read the cycle count value out of the
................................................................................

  __inline__ sqlite_uint64 sqlite3Hwtime(void){
      unsigned long val;
      __asm__ __volatile__ ("rdtsc" : "=A" (val));
      return val;
  }
 















#else

  #error Need implementation of sqlite3Hwtime() for your platform.

  /*
  ** To compile without implementing sqlite3Hwtime() for your platform,
  ** you can remove the above #error and use the following
................................................................................
** hold at pVfs->mxPathname characters.
*/
static int getTempname(int nBuf, char *zBuf){
  static char zChars[] =
    "abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz"
    "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ"
    "0123456789";
  int i, j;
  char zTempPath[MAX_PATH+1];
  if( sqlite3_temp_directory ){
    sqlite3_snprintf(MAX_PATH-30, zTempPath, "%s", sqlite3_temp_directory);
  }else if( isNT() ){
    char *zMulti;
    WCHAR zWidePath[MAX_PATH];
    GetTempPathW(MAX_PATH-30, zWidePath);
................................................................................
  for(i=0; i<20; i++, j++){
    zBuf[j] = (char)zChars[ ((unsigned char)zBuf[j])%(sizeof(zChars)-1) ];
  }
  zBuf[j] = 0;
  OSTRACE2("TEMP FILENAME: %s\n", zBuf);
  return SQLITE_OK; 
}
































/*
** Open a file.
*/
static int winOpen(
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs,        /* Not used */
................................................................................
       dwShareMode,
       NULL,
       dwCreationDisposition,
       dwFlagsAndAttributes,
       NULL
    );
  }else{
#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
#else
    h = CreateFileA((char*)zConverted,
       dwDesiredAccess,
       dwShareMode,
       NULL,
       dwCreationDisposition,
       dwFlagsAndAttributes,
       NULL
    );
#endif
  }
  if( h==INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE ){
    free(zConverted);
    if( flags & SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE ){
      return winOpen(0, zName, id, 
             ((flags|SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY)&~SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE), pOutFlags);
    }else{
................................................................................

/*
** Delete the named file.
**
** Note that windows does not allow a file to be deleted if some other
** process has it open.  Sometimes a virus scanner or indexing program
** will open a journal file shortly after it is created in order to do
** whatever does.  While this other process is holding the
** file open, we will be unable to delete it.  To work around this
** problem, we delay 100 milliseconds and try to delete again.  Up
** to MX_DELETION_ATTEMPTs deletion attempts are run before giving
** up and returning an error.
*/
#define MX_DELETION_ATTEMPTS 5
static int winDelete(
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs,          /* Not used on win32 */
  const char *zFilename,      /* Name of file to delete */
  int syncDir                 /* Not used on win32 */
){
  int cnt = 0;
  int rc;

  void *zConverted = convertUtf8Filename(zFilename);
  if( zConverted==0 ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  SimulateIOError(return SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE);
  if( isNT() ){
    do{
      DeleteFileW(zConverted);
    }while( (rc = GetFileAttributesW(zConverted))!=0xffffffff 
            && cnt++ < MX_DELETION_ATTEMPTS && (Sleep(100), 1) );
  }else{
#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
#else
    do{
      DeleteFileA(zConverted);
    }while( (rc = GetFileAttributesA(zConverted))!=0xffffffff
            && cnt++ < MX_DELETION_ATTEMPTS && (Sleep(100), 1) );
#endif
  }
  free(zConverted);
  OSTRACE2("DELETE \"%s\"\n", zFilename);

  return rc==0xffffffff ? SQLITE_OK : SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE;
}

/*
** Check the existance and status of a file.
*/
static int winAccess(
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs,         /* Not used on win32 */
................................................................................
  void *zConverted = convertUtf8Filename(zFilename);
  if( zConverted==0 ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  if( isNT() ){
    attr = GetFileAttributesW((WCHAR*)zConverted);
  }else{
#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
#else
    attr = GetFileAttributesA((char*)zConverted);
#endif
  }
  free(zConverted);
  switch( flags ){
    case SQLITE_ACCESS_READ:
    case SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS:
      rc = attr!=0xffffffff;
      break;
    case SQLITE_ACCESS_READWRITE:
      rc = (attr & FILE_ATTRIBUTE_READONLY)==0;
      break;
    default:
      assert(!"Invalid flags argument");
  }
................................................................................
  void *zConverted = convertUtf8Filename(zFilename);
  if( zConverted==0 ){
    return 0;
  }
  if( isNT() ){
    h = LoadLibraryW((WCHAR*)zConverted);
  }else{
#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
    return 0;
#else
    h = LoadLibraryA((char*)zConverted);
#endif
  }
  free(zConverted);
  return (void*)h;
}
static void winDlError(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, int nBuf, char *zBufOut){
#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  int error = GetLastError();
  if( error>0x7FFFFFF ){
    sqlite3_snprintf(nBuf, zBufOut, "OsError 0x%x", error);
  }else{
    sqlite3_snprintf(nBuf, zBufOut, "OsError %d", error);
  }
#else
  FormatMessageA(
    FORMAT_MESSAGE_FROM_SYSTEM,
    NULL,
    GetLastError(),
    0,
    zBufOut,
    nBuf-1,
    0
  );
#endif
}
void *winDlSym(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, void *pHandle, const char *zSymbol){
#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  /* The GetProcAddressA() routine is only available on wince. */
  return GetProcAddressA((HANDLE)pHandle, zSymbol);
#else
  /* All other windows platforms expect GetProcAddress() to take
................................................................................
  /* FILETIME structure is a 64-bit value representing the number of 
     100-nanosecond intervals since January 1, 1601 (= JD 2305813.5). 
  */
  double now;
#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  SYSTEMTIME time;
  GetSystemTime(&time);

  SystemTimeToFileTime(&time,&ft);


#else
  GetSystemTimeAsFileTime( &ft );
#endif
  now = ((double)ft.dwHighDateTime) * 4294967296.0; 
  *prNow = (now + ft.dwLowDateTime)/864000000000.0 + 2305813.5;
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
  if( sqlite3_current_time ){
    *prNow = sqlite3_current_time/86400.0 + 2440587.5;
  }
#endif
  return 0;
}






















static int winGetLastError(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, int nBuf, char *zBuf){

  return 0;








}

/*
** Initialize and deinitialize the operating system interface.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_os_init(void){
  static sqlite3_vfs winVfs = {
................................................................................
** Clear operations are exceedingly rare.  There are usually between
** 5 and 500 set operations per Bitvec object, though the number of sets can
** sometimes grow into tens of thousands or larger.  The size of the
** Bitvec object is the number of pages in the database file at the
** start of a transaction, and is thus usually less than a few thousand,
** but can be as large as 2 billion for a really big database.
**
** @(#) $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/

#define BITVEC_SZ        512
/* Round the union size down to the nearest pointer boundary, since that's how 
** it will be aligned within the Bitvec struct. */
#define BITVEC_USIZE     (((BITVEC_SZ-12)/sizeof(Bitvec*))*sizeof(Bitvec*))
#define BITVEC_NCHAR     BITVEC_USIZE
................................................................................
** The pager is used to access a database disk file.  It implements
** atomic commit and rollback through the use of a journal file that
** is separate from the database file.  The pager also implements file
** locking to prevent two processes from writing the same database
** file simultaneously, or one process from reading the database while
** another is writing.
**
** @(#) $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_DISKIO

/*
** Macros for troubleshooting.  Normally turned off
*/
#if 0
................................................................................
** SQLITE_OK returned.
*/
static int readMasterJournal(sqlite3_file *pJrnl, char *zMaster, int nMaster){
  int rc;
  u32 len;
  i64 szJ;
  u32 cksum;
  int i;
  unsigned char aMagic[8]; /* A buffer to hold the magic header */

  zMaster[0] = '\0';

  rc = sqlite3OsFileSize(pJrnl, &szJ);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK || szJ<16 ) return rc;

................................................................................
  rc = sqlite3OsRead(pJrnl, zMaster, len, szJ-16-len);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    return rc;
  }
  zMaster[len] = '\0';

  /* See if the checksum matches the master journal name */
  for(i=0; i<len; i++){
    cksum -= zMaster[i];
   }
  if( cksum ){
    /* If the checksum doesn't add up, then one or more of the disk sectors
    ** containing the master journal filename is corrupted. This means
    ** definitely roll back, so just return SQLITE_OK and report a (nul)
    ** master-journal filename.
    */
................................................................................
** If an I/O or malloc() error occurs, the journal-file is not deleted
** and an error code is returned.
*/
static int pager_playback(Pager *pPager, int isHot){
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs = pPager->pVfs;
  i64 szJ;                 /* Size of the journal file in bytes */
  u32 nRec;                /* Number of Records in the journal */
  u32 i;                   /* Loop counter */
  Pgno mxPg = 0;           /* Size of the original file in pages */
  int rc;                  /* Result code of a subroutine */
  int res = 1;             /* Value returned by sqlite3OsAccess() */
  char *zMaster = 0;       /* Name of master journal file if any */

  /* Figure out how many records are in the journal.  Abort early if
  ** the journal is empty.
................................................................................
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        goto end_playback;
      }
    }

    /* Copy original pages out of the journal and back into the database file.
    */
    for(i=0; i<nRec; i++){
      rc = pager_playback_one_page(pPager, pPager->jfd, pPager->journalOff, 1);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        if( rc==SQLITE_DONE ){
          rc = SQLITE_OK;
          pPager->journalOff = szJ;
          break;
        }else{
................................................................................
** journal file that has been deleted, and hence not be hot.  Or
** the header of the journal might be zeroed out.  This routine
** does not discover these cases of a non-hot journal - if the
** journal file exists and is not empty this routine assumes it
** is hot.  The pager_playback() routine will discover that the
** journal file is not really hot and will no-op.
*/
static int hasHotJournal(Pager *pPager){
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs = pPager->pVfs;

  int res = 0;
  if( pPager->useJournal && pPager->fd->pMethods ){
    int rc;
    int exists;
    int locked;

    rc = sqlite3OsAccess(pVfs, pPager->zJournal, SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS, &exists);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && exists ){
      rc = sqlite3OsCheckReservedLock(pPager->fd, &locked);
    }

    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && exists && !locked ){
      int nPage;
      rc = sqlite3PagerPagecount(pPager, &nPage);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK && nPage==0 ){

        sqlite3OsDelete(pVfs, pPager->zJournal, 0);

        exists = 0;
      }
    }

    res = (rc!=SQLITE_OK ? -1 : (exists && !locked));
  }

  return res;
}

/*
** Try to find a page in the cache that can be recycled. 
**
** This routine may return SQLITE_IOERR, SQLITE_FULL or SQLITE_OK. It 
** does not set the pPager->errCode variable.
................................................................................
**
** Immediately after obtaining the shared lock (if required), this function
** checks for a hot-journal file. If one is found, an emergency rollback
** is performed immediately.
*/
static int pagerSharedLock(Pager *pPager){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  int isHot = 0;

  /* If this database is opened for exclusive access, has no outstanding 
  ** page references and is in an error-state, now is the chance to clear
  ** the error. Discard the contents of the pager-cache and treat any
  ** open journal file as a hot-journal.
  */
  if( !MEMDB && pPager->exclusiveMode && pPager->nRef==0 && pPager->errCode ){
    if( pPager->journalOpen ){
      isHot = 1;
    }
    pPager->errCode = SQLITE_OK;
    pager_reset(pPager);
  }

  /* If the pager is still in an error state, do not proceed. The error 
  ** state will be cleared at some point in the future when all page 
  ** references are dropped and the cache can be discarded.
  */
  if( pPager->errCode && pPager->errCode!=SQLITE_FULL ){
    return pPager->errCode;
  }

  if( pPager->state==PAGER_UNLOCK || isHot ){
    sqlite3_vfs *pVfs = pPager->pVfs;
    if( !MEMDB ){

      assert( pPager->nRef==0 );
      if( !pPager->noReadlock ){
        rc = pager_wait_on_lock(pPager, SHARED_LOCK);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          assert( pPager->state==PAGER_UNLOCK );
          return pager_error(pPager, rc);
        }
        assert( pPager->state>=SHARED_LOCK );
      }
  
      /* If a journal file exists, and there is no RESERVED lock on the
      ** database file, then it either needs to be played back or deleted.
      */
      rc = hasHotJournal(pPager);
      if( rc<0 ){
        rc = SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
        goto failed;
      }
      if( rc==1 || isHot ){

        /* Get an EXCLUSIVE lock on the database file. At this point it is
        ** important that a RESERVED lock is not obtained on the way to the
        ** EXCLUSIVE lock. If it were, another process might open the
        ** database file, detect the RESERVED lock, and conclude that the
        ** database is safe to read while this process is still rolling it 
        ** back.
        ** 
................................................................................
 
        /* Open the journal for read/write access. This is because in 
        ** exclusive-access mode the file descriptor will be kept open and
        ** possibly used for a transaction later on. On some systems, the
        ** OsTruncate() call used in exclusive-access mode also requires
        ** a read/write file handle.
        */
        if( !isHot && pPager->journalOpen==0 ){
          int res;
          rc = sqlite3OsAccess(pVfs,pPager->zJournal,SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS,&res);
          if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
            if( res ){
              int fout = 0;
              int f = SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE|SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_JOURNAL;
              assert( !pPager->tempFile );
................................................................................
** stored at byte 24 of the pager file.
*/
static int pager_incr_changecounter(Pager *pPager, int isDirect){
  PgHdr *pPgHdr;
  u32 change_counter;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;




  if( !pPager->changeCountDone ){
    /* Open page 1 of the file for writing. */
    rc = sqlite3PagerGet(pPager, 1, &pPgHdr);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

    if( !isDirect ){
      rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPgHdr);
................................................................................
    }

    /* Increment the value just read and write it back to byte 24. */
    change_counter = sqlite3Get4byte((u8*)pPager->dbFileVers);
    change_counter++;
    put32bits(((char*)PGHDR_TO_DATA(pPgHdr))+24, change_counter);


    if( isDirect && pPager->fd->pMethods ){
      const void *zBuf = PGHDR_TO_DATA(pPgHdr);
      rc = sqlite3OsWrite(pPager->fd, zBuf, pPager->pageSize, 0);
    }


    /* Release the page reference. */
    sqlite3PagerUnref(pPgHdr);
    pPager->changeCountDone = 1;
  }
  return rc;
}
................................................................................
** meta-data associated with pPg (i.e. data stored in the nExtra bytes
** allocated along with the page) is the responsibility of the caller.
**
** A transaction must be active when this routine is called. It used to be
** required that a statement transaction was not active, but this restriction
** has been removed (CREATE INDEX needs to move a page when a statement
** transaction is active).





*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerMovepage(Pager *pPager, DbPage *pPg, Pgno pgno){
  PgHdr *pPgOld;  /* The page being overwritten. */
  int h;
  Pgno needSyncPgno = 0;

  pagerEnter(pPager);
  assert( pPg->nRef>0 );

  PAGERTRACE5("MOVE %d page %d (needSync=%d) moves to %d\n", 
      PAGERID(pPager), pPg->pgno, pPg->needSync, pgno);
  IOTRACE(("MOVE %p %d %d\n", pPager, pPg->pgno, pgno))

  pager_get_content(pPg);








  if( pPg->needSync ){
    needSyncPgno = pPg->pgno;
    assert( pPg->inJournal || (int)pgno>pPager->origDbSize );
    assert( pPg->dirty );
    assert( pPager->needSync );
  }

  /* Unlink pPg from its hash-chain */
................................................................................
  pPager->dirtyCache = 1;
  pPager->dbModified = 1;

  if( needSyncPgno ){
    /* If needSyncPgno is non-zero, then the journal file needs to be 
    ** sync()ed before any data is written to database file page needSyncPgno.
    ** Currently, no such page exists in the page-cache and the 
    ** Pager.pInJournal bit has been set. This needs to be remedied by loading
    ** the page into the pager-cache and setting the PgHdr.needSync flag.

    **
    ** If the attempt to load the page into the page-cache fails, (due
    ** to a malloc() or IO failure), clear the bit in the pInJournal[]
    ** array. Otherwise, if the page is loaded and written again in
    ** this transaction, it may be written to the database file before
    ** it is synced into the journal file. This way, it may end up in
    ** the journal file twice, but that is not a problem.
................................................................................
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
**
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
**
** This file contains code used to implement mutexes on Btree objects.
** This code really belongs in btree.c.  But btree.c is getting too
** big and we want to break it down some.  This packaged seemed like
** a good breakout.
*/
/************** Include btreeInt.h in the middle of btmutex.c ****************/
................................................................................
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
**
** This file implements a external (disk-based) database using BTrees.
** For a detailed discussion of BTrees, refer to
**
**     Donald E. Knuth, THE ART OF COMPUTER PROGRAMMING, Volume 3:
**     "Sorting And Searching", pages 473-480. Addison-Wesley
**     Publishing Company, Reading, Massachusetts.
................................................................................
*/
struct MemPage {
  u8 isInit;           /* True if previously initialized. MUST BE FIRST! */
  u8 idxShift;         /* True if Cell indices have changed */
  u8 nOverflow;        /* Number of overflow cell bodies in aCell[] */
  u8 intKey;           /* True if intkey flag is set */
  u8 leaf;             /* True if leaf flag is set */
  u8 zeroData;         /* True if table stores keys only */
  u8 leafData;         /* True if tables stores data on leaves only */
  u8 hasData;          /* True if this page stores data */
  u8 hdrOffset;        /* 100 for page 1.  0 otherwise */
  u8 childPtrSize;     /* 0 if leaf==1.  4 if leaf==0 */
  u16 maxLocal;        /* Copy of BtShared.maxLocal or BtShared.maxLeaf */
  u16 minLocal;        /* Copy of BtShared.minLocal or BtShared.minLeaf */
  u16 cellOffset;      /* Index in aData of first cell pointer */
  u16 idxParent;       /* Index in parent of this node */
  u16 nFree;           /* Number of free bytes on the page */
  u16 nCell;           /* Number of cells on this page, local and ovfl */

  struct _OvflCell {   /* Cells that will not fit on aData[] */
    u8 *pCell;          /* Pointers to the body of the overflow cell */
    u16 idx;            /* Insert this cell before idx-th non-overflow cell */
  } aOvfl[5];
  BtShared *pBt;       /* Pointer to BtShared that this page is part of */
  u8 *aData;           /* Pointer to disk image of the page data */
  DbPage *pDbPage;     /* Pager page handle */
................................................................................
**
** If the pgno argument passed to PTRMAP_PAGENO is a pointer-map page,
** then pgno is returned. So (pgno==PTRMAP_PAGENO(pgsz, pgno)) can be
** used to test if pgno is a pointer-map page. PTRMAP_ISPAGE implements
** this test.
*/
#define PTRMAP_PAGENO(pBt, pgno) ptrmapPageno(pBt, pgno)
#define PTRMAP_PTROFFSET(pBt, pgno) (5*(pgno-ptrmapPageno(pBt, pgno)-1))
#define PTRMAP_ISPAGE(pBt, pgno) (PTRMAP_PAGENO((pBt),(pgno))==(pgno))

/*
** The pointer map is a lookup table that identifies the parent page for
** each child page in the database file.  The parent page is the page that
** contains a pointer to the child.  Every page in the database contains
** 0 or 1 parent pages.  (In this context 'database page' refers
................................................................................
struct IntegrityCk {
  BtShared *pBt;    /* The tree being checked out */
  Pager *pPager;    /* The associated pager.  Also accessible by pBt->pPager */
  int nPage;        /* Number of pages in the database */
  int *anRef;       /* Number of times each page is referenced */
  int mxErr;        /* Stop accumulating errors when this reaches zero */
  int nErr;         /* Number of messages written to zErrMsg so far */

  StrAccum errMsg;  /* Accumulate the error message text here */
};

/*
** Read or write a two- and four-byte big-endian integer values.
*/
#define get2byte(x)   ((x)[0]<<8 | (x)[1])
................................................................................
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
**
** This file implements a external (disk-based) database using BTrees.
** See the header comment on "btreeInt.h" for additional information.
** Including a description of file format and an overview of operation.
*/

/*
................................................................................
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  iPtrmap = PTRMAP_PAGENO(pBt, key);
  rc = sqlite3PagerGet(pBt->pPager, iPtrmap, &pDbPage);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    return rc;
  }
  offset = PTRMAP_PTROFFSET(pBt, key);
  pPtrmap = (u8 *)sqlite3PagerGetData(pDbPage);

  if( eType!=pPtrmap[offset] || get4byte(&pPtrmap[offset+1])!=parent ){
    TRACE(("PTRMAP_UPDATE: %d->(%d,%d)\n", key, eType, parent));
    rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pDbPage);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      pPtrmap[offset] = eType;
................................................................................
  iPtrmap = PTRMAP_PAGENO(pBt, key);
  rc = sqlite3PagerGet(pBt->pPager, iPtrmap, &pDbPage);
  if( rc!=0 ){
    return rc;
  }
  pPtrmap = (u8 *)sqlite3PagerGetData(pDbPage);

  offset = PTRMAP_PTROFFSET(pBt, key);
  assert( pEType!=0 );
  *pEType = pPtrmap[offset];
  if( pPgno ) *pPgno = get4byte(&pPtrmap[offset+1]);

  sqlite3PagerUnref(pDbPage);
  if( *pEType<1 || *pEType>5 ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM */





/*
** Given a btree page and a cell index (0 means the first cell on
** the page, 1 means the second cell, and so forth) return a pointer
** to the cell content.
**
** This routine works only for pages that do not contain overflow cells.
*/
#define findCell(pPage, iCell) \
  ((pPage)->aData + get2byte(&(pPage)->aData[(pPage)->cellOffset+2*(iCell)]))

/*
** This a more complex version of findCell() that works for
** pages that do contain overflow cells.  See insert
*/
static u8 *findOverflowCell(MemPage *pPage, int iCell){
  int i;
................................................................................

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );

  pInfo->pCell = pCell;
  assert( pPage->leaf==0 || pPage->leaf==1 );
  n = pPage->childPtrSize;
  assert( n==4-4*pPage->leaf );

  if( pPage->hasData ){
    n += getVarint32(&pCell[n], nPayload);
  }else{
    nPayload = 0;
  }

  pInfo->nData = nPayload;
  if( pPage->intKey ){
    n += getVarint(&pCell[n], (u64 *)&pInfo->nKey);
  }else{
    u32 x;
    n += getVarint32(&pCell[n], x);
    pInfo->nKey = x;
    nPayload += x;
  }
  pInfo->nPayload = nPayload;
  pInfo->nHeader = n;
  if( nPayload<=pPage->maxLocal ){
    /* This is the (easy) common case where the entire payload fits
    ** on the local page.  No overflow is required.
    */
    int nSize;          /* Total size of cell content in bytes */

    pInfo->nLocal = nPayload;
    pInfo->iOverflow = 0;
    nSize = nPayload + n;
    if( nSize<4 ){
      nSize = 4;        /* Minimum cell size is 4 */
    }
    pInfo->nSize = nSize;
  }else{
    /* If the payload will not fit completely on the local page, we have
    ** to decide how much to store locally and how much to spill onto
    ** overflow pages.  The strategy is to minimize the amount of unused
................................................................................
    put2byte(&data[hdr+5], top + get2byte(&data[pbegin+2]));
  }
}

/*
** Decode the flags byte (the first byte of the header) for a page
** and initialize fields of the MemPage structure accordingly.








*/
static void decodeFlags(MemPage *pPage, int flagByte){
  BtShared *pBt;     /* A copy of pPage->pBt */

  assert( pPage->hdrOffset==(pPage->pgno==1 ? 100 : 0) );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  pPage->intKey = (flagByte & (PTF_INTKEY|PTF_LEAFDATA))!=0;
  pPage->zeroData = (flagByte & PTF_ZERODATA)!=0;
  pPage->leaf = (flagByte & PTF_LEAF)!=0;
  pPage->childPtrSize = 4*(pPage->leaf==0);
  pBt = pPage->pBt;

  if( flagByte & PTF_LEAFDATA ){
    pPage->leafData = 1;
    pPage->maxLocal = pBt->maxLeaf;
    pPage->minLocal = pBt->minLeaf;
  }else{

    pPage->leafData = 0;
    pPage->maxLocal = pBt->maxLocal;
    pPage->minLocal = pBt->minLocal;


  }
  pPage->hasData = !(pPage->zeroData || (!pPage->leaf && pPage->leafData));

}

/*
** Initialize the auxiliary information for a disk block.
**
** The pParent parameter must be a pointer to the MemPage which
** is the parent of the page being initialized.  The root of a
................................................................................
  int hdr;           /* Offset to beginning of page header */
  u8 *data;          /* Equal to pPage->aData */
  BtShared *pBt;        /* The main btree structure */
  int usableSize;    /* Amount of usable space on each page */
  int cellOffset;    /* Offset from start of page to first cell pointer */
  int nFree;         /* Number of unused bytes on the page */
  int top;           /* First byte of the cell content area */
  u8 *pOff;          /* Iterator used to check all cell offsets are in range */
  u8 *pEnd;          /* Pointer to end of cell offset array */
  u8 mask;           /* Mask of bits that must be zero in MSB of cell offsets */

  pBt = pPage->pBt;
  assert( pBt!=0 );
  assert( pParent==0 || pParent->pBt==pBt );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  assert( pPage->pgno==sqlite3PagerPagenumber(pPage->pDbPage) );
  assert( pPage == sqlite3PagerGetExtra(pPage->pDbPage) );
................................................................................
  if( pPage->isInit ) return SQLITE_OK;
  if( pPage->pParent==0 && pParent!=0 ){
    pPage->pParent = pParent;
    sqlite3PagerRef(pParent->pDbPage);
  }
  hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;
  data = pPage->aData;
  decodeFlags(pPage, data[hdr]);


  pPage->nOverflow = 0;
  pPage->idxShift = 0;
  usableSize = pBt->usableSize;
  pPage->cellOffset = cellOffset = hdr + 12 - 4*pPage->leaf;
  top = get2byte(&data[hdr+5]);
  pPage->nCell = get2byte(&data[hdr+3]);
  if( pPage->nCell>MX_CELL(pBt) ){
................................................................................
  }
  pPage->nFree = nFree;
  if( nFree>=usableSize ){
    /* Free space cannot exceed total page size */
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT; 
  }


  /* Check that all the offsets in the cell offset array are within range. */









  mask = ~(((u8)(pBt->pageSize>>8))-1);
  pEnd = &data[cellOffset + pPage->nCell*2];
  for(pOff=&data[cellOffset]; pOff!=pEnd && !((*pOff)&mask); pOff+=2);
  if( pOff!=pEnd ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }



  pPage->isInit = 1;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Set up a raw page so that it looks like a database page holding
................................................................................
  int first;

  assert( sqlite3PagerPagenumber(pPage->pDbPage)==pPage->pgno );
  assert( sqlite3PagerGetExtra(pPage->pDbPage) == (void*)pPage );
  assert( sqlite3PagerGetData(pPage->pDbPage) == data );
  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pPage->pDbPage) );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  memset(&data[hdr], 0, pBt->usableSize - hdr);
  data[hdr] = flags;
  first = hdr + 8 + 4*((flags&PTF_LEAF)==0);
  memset(&data[hdr+1], 0, 4);
  data[hdr+7] = 0;
  put2byte(&data[hdr+5], pBt->usableSize);
  pPage->nFree = pBt->usableSize - first;
  decodeFlags(pPage, flags);
  pPage->hdrOffset = hdr;
  pPage->cellOffset = first;
  pPage->nOverflow = 0;


  pPage->idxShift = 0;
  pPage->nCell = 0;
  pPage->isInit = 1;
}

/*
** Get a page from the pager.  Initialize the MemPage.pBt and
................................................................................


trans_begun:
  btreeIntegrity(p);
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  return rc;
}













#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM

/*
** Set the pointer-map entries for all children of page pPage. Also, if
** pPage contains cells that point to overflow pages, set the pointer
** map entries for the overflow pages as well.
................................................................................
** database. The pDbPage reference remains valid.
*/
static int relocatePage(
  BtShared *pBt,           /* Btree */
  MemPage *pDbPage,        /* Open page to move */
  u8 eType,                /* Pointer map 'type' entry for pDbPage */
  Pgno iPtrPage,           /* Pointer map 'page-no' entry for pDbPage */
  Pgno iFreePage           /* The location to move pDbPage to */

){
  MemPage *pPtrPage;   /* The page that contains a pointer to pDbPage */
  Pgno iDbPage = pDbPage->pgno;
  Pager *pPager = pBt->pPager;
  int rc;

  assert( eType==PTRMAP_OVERFLOW2 || eType==PTRMAP_OVERFLOW1 || 
................................................................................
      eType==PTRMAP_BTREE || eType==PTRMAP_ROOTPAGE );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  assert( pDbPage->pBt==pBt );

  /* Move page iDbPage from its current location to page number iFreePage */
  TRACE(("AUTOVACUUM: Moving %d to free page %d (ptr page %d type %d)\n", 
      iDbPage, iFreePage, iPtrPage, eType));
  rc = sqlite3PagerMovepage(pPager, pDbPage->pDbPage, iFreePage);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    return rc;
  }
  pDbPage->pgno = iFreePage;

  /* If pDbPage was a btree-page, then it may have child pages and/or cells
  ** that point to overflow pages. The pointer map entries for all these
................................................................................
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = ptrmapPut(pBt, iFreePage, eType, iPtrPage);
    }
  }
  return rc;
}

static int pagerPagecount(Pager *pPager){
  int rc;
  int nPage;
  rc = sqlite3PagerPagecount(pPager, &nPage);
  return (rc==SQLITE_OK?nPage:-1);
}

/* Forward declaration required by incrVacuumStep(). */
static int allocateBtreePage(BtShared *, MemPage **, Pgno *, Pgno, u8);

/*
** Perform a single step of an incremental-vacuum. If successful,
** return SQLITE_OK. If there is no work to do (and therefore no
** point in calling this function again), return SQLITE_DONE.
................................................................................
        }
        releasePage(pFreePg);
      }while( nFin!=0 && iFreePg>nFin );
      assert( iFreePg<iLastPg );
      
      rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pLastPg->pDbPage);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        rc = relocatePage(pBt, pLastPg, eType, iPtrPage, iFreePg);
      }
      releasePage(pLastPg);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        return rc;
      }
    }
  }
................................................................................
          c = sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(nCellKey, pCellKey, pUnKey);
          sqlite3_free(pCellKey);
          if( rc ) goto moveto_finish;
        }
      }
      if( c==0 ){
        pCur->info.nKey = nCellKey;
        if( pPage->leafData && !pPage->leaf ){
          lwr = pCur->idx;
          upr = lwr - 1;
          break;
        }else{
          if( pRes ) *pRes = 0;
          rc = SQLITE_OK;
          goto moveto_finish;
................................................................................
        pCur->eState = CURSOR_INVALID;
        return SQLITE_OK;
      }
      sqlite3BtreeMoveToParent(pCur);
      pPage = pCur->pPage;
    }while( pCur->idx>=pPage->nCell );
    *pRes = 0;
    if( pPage->leafData ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreeNext(pCur, pRes);
    }else{
      rc = SQLITE_OK;
    }
    return rc;
  }
  *pRes = 0;
................................................................................
      }
      sqlite3BtreeMoveToParent(pCur);
      pPage = pCur->pPage;
    }
    pCur->idx--;
    pCur->info.nSize = 0;
    pCur->validNKey = 0;
    if( pPage->leafData && !pPage->leaf ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreePrevious(pCur, pRes);
    }else{
      rc = SQLITE_OK;
    }
  }
  *pRes = 0;
  return rc;
................................................................................
  ** always fully overwrite deleted information with zeros.
  */
  rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPage->pDbPage);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  memset(pPage->aData, 0, pPage->pBt->pageSize);
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
  /* If the database supports auto-vacuum, write an entry in the pointer-map
  ** to indicate that the page is free.
  */
  if( pBt->autoVacuum ){
    rc = ptrmapPut(pBt, pPage->pgno, PTRMAP_FREEPAGE, 0);
    if( rc ) return rc;
  }
#endif

  if( n==0 ){
    /* This is the first free page */
    rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPage->pDbPage);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    memset(pPage->aData, 0, 8);
    put4byte(&pPage1->aData[32], pPage->pgno);
................................................................................
      nSrc = nData;
      pSrc = pData;
    }
  }
  releasePage(pToRelease);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}


/*
** Change the MemPage.pParent pointer on the page whose number is
** given in the second argument so that MemPage.pParent holds the
** pointer in the third argument.




*/
static int reparentPage(BtShared *pBt, Pgno pgno, MemPage *pNewParent, int idx){






  MemPage *pThis;
  DbPage *pDbPage;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  assert( pNewParent!=0 );
  if( pgno==0 ) return SQLITE_OK;
  assert( pBt->pPager!=0 );
................................................................................
        sqlite3PagerRef(pNewParent->pDbPage);
      }
      pThis->idxParent = idx;
    }
    sqlite3PagerUnref(pDbPage);
  }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
  if( pBt->autoVacuum ){
    return ptrmapPut(pBt, pgno, PTRMAP_BTREE, pNewParent->pgno);
  }















#endif

  return SQLITE_OK;
}



/*
** Change the pParent pointer of all children of pPage to point back
................................................................................
** to pPage.
**
** In other words, for every child of pPage, invoke reparentPage()
** to make sure that each child knows that pPage is its parent.
**
** This routine gets called after you memcpy() one page into
** another.



*/
static int reparentChildPages(MemPage *pPage){
  int i;
  BtShared *pBt = pPage->pBt;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  if( pPage->leaf ) return SQLITE_OK;




  for(i=0; i<pPage->nCell; i++){
    u8 *pCell = findCell(pPage, i);
    rc = reparentPage(pBt, get4byte(pCell), pPage, i);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  }
  rc = reparentPage(pBt, get4byte(&pPage->aData[pPage->hdrOffset+8]), 
                    pPage, i);
  pPage->idxShift = 0;

  return rc;
}

/*
** Remove the i-th cell from pPage.  This routine effects pPage only.
** The cell content is not freed or deallocated.  It is assumed that
** the cell content has been copied someplace else.  This routine just
................................................................................
  fillInCell(pParent, parentCell, 0, info.nKey, 0, 0, 0, &parentSize);
  assert( parentSize<64 );
  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pParent->pDbPage) );
  insertCell(pParent, parentIdx, parentCell, parentSize, 0, 4);
  put4byte(findOverflowCell(pParent,parentIdx), pPage->pgno);
  put4byte(&pParent->aData[pParent->hdrOffset+8], pgnoNew);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
  /* If this is an auto-vacuum database, update the pointer map
  ** with entries for the new page, and any pointer from the 
  ** cell on the page to an overflow page.
  */
  if( pBt->autoVacuum ){
    rc = ptrmapPut(pBt, pgnoNew, PTRMAP_BTREE, pParent->pgno);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = ptrmapPutOvfl(pNew, 0);
    }
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      releasePage(pNew);
      return rc;
    }
  }
#endif

  /* Release the reference to the new page and balance the parent page,
  ** in case the divider cell inserted caused it to become overfull.
  */
  releasePage(pNew);
  return balance(pParent, 0);
}
................................................................................
  int cntNew[NB+2];            /* Index in aCell[] of cell after i-th page */
  int szNew[NB+2];             /* Combined size of cells place on i-th page */
  u8 **apCell = 0;             /* All cells begin balanced */
  u16 *szCell;                 /* Local size of all cells in apCell[] */
  u8 *aCopy[NB];         /* Space for holding data of apCopy[] */
  u8 *aSpace1;           /* Space for copies of dividers cells before balance */
  u8 *aSpace2 = 0;       /* Space for overflow dividers cells after balance */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
  u8 *aFrom = 0;
#endif

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );

  /* 
  ** Find the parent page.
  */
  assert( pPage->isInit );
................................................................................
  ** and the new entry is the right-most entry in the tree (it has the
  ** largest key) then use the special balance_quick() routine for
  ** balancing.  balance_quick() is much faster and results in a tighter
  ** packing of data in the common case.
  */
  if( pPage->leaf &&
      pPage->intKey &&
      pPage->leafData &&
      pPage->nOverflow==1 &&
      pPage->aOvfl[0].idx==pPage->nCell &&
      pPage->pParent->pgno!=1 &&
      get4byte(&pParent->aData[pParent->hdrOffset+8])==pPage->pgno
  ){

    /*
    ** TODO: Check the siblings to the left of pPage. It may be that
    ** they are not full and no new page is required.
    */
    return balance_quick(pPage, pParent);
  }
#endif
................................................................................
  assert( ((aCopy[0] - (u8*)apCell) & 7)==0 ); /* 8-byte alignment required */
  for(i=1; i<NB; i++){
    aCopy[i] = &aCopy[i-1][pBt->pageSize+ROUND8(sizeof(MemPage))];
    assert( ((aCopy[i] - (u8*)apCell) & 7)==0 ); /* 8-byte alignment required */
  }
  aSpace1 = &aCopy[NB-1][pBt->pageSize+ROUND8(sizeof(MemPage))];
  assert( ((aSpace1 - (u8*)apCell) & 7)==0 ); /* 8-byte alignment required */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
  if( pBt->autoVacuum ){
    aFrom = &aSpace1[pBt->pageSize];
  }
#endif
  aSpace2 = sqlite3PageMalloc(pBt->pageSize);
  if( aSpace2==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    goto balance_cleanup;
  }
  
  /*
................................................................................
  ** are alike.
  **
  ** leafCorrection:  4 if pPage is a leaf.  0 if pPage is not a leaf.
  **       leafData:  1 if pPage holds key+data and pParent holds only keys.
  */
  nCell = 0;
  leafCorrection = pPage->leaf*4;
  leafData = pPage->leafData && pPage->leaf;
  for(i=0; i<nOld; i++){
    MemPage *pOld = apCopy[i];
    int limit = pOld->nCell+pOld->nOverflow;
    for(j=0; j<limit; j++){
      assert( nCell<nMaxCells );
      apCell[nCell] = findOverflowCell(pOld, j);
      szCell[nCell] = cellSizePtr(pOld, apCell[nCell]);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
      if( pBt->autoVacuum ){
        int a;
        aFrom[nCell] = i;
        for(a=0; a<pOld->nOverflow; a++){
          if( pOld->aOvfl[a].pCell==apCell[nCell] ){
            aFrom[nCell] = 0xFF;
            break;
          }
        }
      }
#endif
      nCell++;
    }
    if( i<nOld-1 ){
      u16 sz = cellSizePtr(pParent, apDiv[i]);
      if( leafData ){
        /* With the LEAFDATA flag, pParent cells hold only INTKEYs that
        ** are duplicates of keys on the child pages.  We need to remove
................................................................................
        szCell[nCell] = sz;
        pTemp = &aSpace1[iSpace1];
        iSpace1 += sz;
        assert( sz<=pBt->pageSize/4 );
        assert( iSpace1<=pBt->pageSize );
        memcpy(pTemp, apDiv[i], sz);
        apCell[nCell] = pTemp+leafCorrection;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
        if( pBt->autoVacuum ){
          aFrom[nCell] = 0xFF;
        }
#endif
        dropCell(pParent, nxDiv, sz);
        szCell[nCell] -= leafCorrection;
        assert( get4byte(pTemp)==pgnoOld[i] );
        if( !pOld->leaf ){
          assert( leafCorrection==0 );
          /* The right pointer of the child page pOld becomes the left
          ** pointer of the divider cell */
................................................................................
    assert( j<nMaxCells );
    assert( pNew->pgno==pgnoNew[i] );
    zeroPage(pNew, pageFlags);
    assemblePage(pNew, cntNew[i]-j, &apCell[j], &szCell[j]);
    assert( pNew->nCell>0 || (nNew==1 && cntNew[0]==0) );
    assert( pNew->nOverflow==0 );

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
    /* If this is an auto-vacuum database, update the pointer map entries
    ** that point to the siblings that were rearranged. These can be: left
    ** children of cells, the right-child of the page, or overflow pages
    ** pointed to by cells.
    */
    if( pBt->autoVacuum ){
      for(k=j; k<cntNew[i]; k++){
        assert( k<nMaxCells );
        if( aFrom[k]==0xFF || apCopy[aFrom[k]]->pgno!=pNew->pgno ){
          rc = ptrmapPutOvfl(pNew, k-j);



          if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
            goto balance_cleanup;
          }
        }
      }
    }
#endif

    j = cntNew[i];

    /* If the sibling page assembled above was not the right-most sibling,
    ** insert a divider cell into the parent page.
    */
    if( i<nNew-1 && j<nCell ){
................................................................................

      assert( j<nMaxCells );
      pCell = apCell[j];
      sz = szCell[j] + leafCorrection;
      pTemp = &aSpace2[iSpace2];
      if( !pNew->leaf ){
        memcpy(&pNew->aData[8], pCell, 4);








      }else if( leafData ){
        /* If the tree is a leaf-data tree, and the siblings are leaves, 
        ** then there is no divider cell in apCell[]. Instead, the divider 
        ** cell consists of the integer key for the right-most cell of 
        ** the sibling-page assembled above only.
        */
        CellInfo info;
................................................................................
      }
      iSpace2 += sz;
      assert( sz<=pBt->pageSize/4 );
      assert( iSpace2<=pBt->pageSize );
      rc = insertCell(pParent, nxDiv, pCell, sz, pTemp, 4);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto balance_cleanup;
      put4byte(findOverflowCell(pParent,nxDiv), pNew->pgno);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
      /* If this is an auto-vacuum database, and not a leaf-data tree,
      ** then update the pointer map with an entry for the overflow page
      ** that the cell just inserted points to (if any).
      */
      if( pBt->autoVacuum && !leafData ){
        rc = ptrmapPutOvfl(pParent, nxDiv);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          goto balance_cleanup;
        }
      }
#endif
      j++;
      nxDiv++;
    }








  }
  assert( j==nCell );
  assert( nOld>0 );
  assert( nNew>0 );
  if( (pageFlags & PTF_LEAF)==0 ){

    memcpy(&apNew[nNew-1]->aData[8], &apCopy[nOld-1]->aData[8], 4);






  }
  if( nxDiv==pParent->nCell+pParent->nOverflow ){
    /* Right-most sibling is the right-most child of pParent */
    put4byte(&pParent->aData[pParent->hdrOffset+8], pgnoNew[nNew-1]);
  }else{
    /* Right-most sibling is the left child of the first entry in pParent
    ** past the right-most divider entry */
................................................................................
    put4byte(findOverflowCell(pParent, nxDiv), pgnoNew[nNew-1]);
  }

  /*
  ** Reparent children of all cells.
  */
  for(i=0; i<nNew; i++){
    rc = reparentChildPages(apNew[i]);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto balance_cleanup;
  }
  rc = reparentChildPages(pParent);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto balance_cleanup;

  /*
  ** Balance the parent page.  Note that the current page (pPage) might
  ** have been added to the freelist so it might no longer be initialized.
  ** But the parent page will always be initialized.
  */
................................................................................
      pPage->pParent = 0;
      rc = sqlite3BtreeInitPage(pPage, 0);
      assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );
      freePage(pChild);
      TRACE(("BALANCE: transfer child %d into root %d\n",
              pChild->pgno, pPage->pgno));
    }
    rc = reparentChildPages(pPage);
    assert( pPage->nOverflow==0 );
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
    if( pBt->autoVacuum ){
      int i;
      for(i=0; i<pPage->nCell; i++){ 
        rc = ptrmapPutOvfl(pPage, i);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          goto end_shallow_balance;
        }
      }
    }
#endif
    releasePage(pChild);
  }
end_shallow_balance:
  sqlite3_free(apCell);
  return rc;
}

................................................................................
  if( pChild->nOverflow ){
    pChild->nFree = 0;
  }
  assert( pChild->nCell==pPage->nCell );
  zeroPage(pPage, pChild->aData[0] & ~PTF_LEAF);
  put4byte(&pPage->aData[pPage->hdrOffset+8], pgnoChild);
  TRACE(("BALANCE: copy root %d into %d\n", pPage->pgno, pChild->pgno));
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
  if( pBt->autoVacuum ){
    int i;
    rc = ptrmapPut(pBt, pChild->pgno, PTRMAP_BTREE, pPage->pgno);
    if( rc ) goto balancedeeper_out;
    for(i=0; i<pChild->nCell; i++){
      rc = ptrmapPutOvfl(pChild, i);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        goto balancedeeper_out;
      }
    }

  }
#endif

  rc = balance_nonroot(pChild);


balancedeeper_out:
  releasePage(pChild);
  return rc;
}

/*
................................................................................
    SQLITE_OK!=(rc = sqlite3BtreeMoveto(pCur, pKey, 0, nKey, appendBias, &loc))
  ){
    return rc;
  }

  pPage = pCur->pPage;
  assert( pPage->intKey || nKey>=0 );
  assert( pPage->leaf || !pPage->leafData );
  TRACE(("INSERT: table=%d nkey=%lld ndata=%d page=%d %s\n",
          pCur->pgnoRoot, nKey, nData, pPage->pgno,
          loc==0 ? "overwrite" : "new entry"));
  assert( pPage->isInit );
  allocateTempSpace(pBt);
  newCell = pBt->pTmpSpace;
  if( newCell==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
................................................................................
    ** next Cell after the one to be deleted is guaranteed to exist and
    ** to be a leaf so we can use it.
    */
    BtCursor leafCur;
    unsigned char *pNext;
    int notUsed;
    unsigned char *tempCell = 0;
    assert( !pPage->leafData );
    sqlite3BtreeGetTempCursor(pCur, &leafCur);
    rc = sqlite3BtreeNext(&leafCur, &notUsed);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(leafCur.pPage->pDbPage);
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      u16 szNext;
................................................................................
      assert( eType!=PTRMAP_ROOTPAGE );
      assert( eType!=PTRMAP_FREEPAGE );
      rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pRoot->pDbPage);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        releasePage(pRoot);
        return rc;
      }
      rc = relocatePage(pBt, pRoot, eType, iPtrPage, pgnoMove);
      releasePage(pRoot);

      /* Obtain the page at pgnoRoot */
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        return rc;
      }
      rc = sqlite3BtreeGetPage(pBt, pgnoRoot, &pRoot, 0);
................................................................................
        */
        MemPage *pMove;
        releasePage(pPage);
        rc = sqlite3BtreeGetPage(pBt, maxRootPgno, &pMove, 0);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          return rc;
        }
        rc = relocatePage(pBt, pMove, PTRMAP_ROOTPAGE, 0, iTable);
        releasePage(pMove);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          return rc;
        }
        rc = sqlite3BtreeGetPage(pBt, maxRootPgno, &pMove, 0);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          return rc;
................................................................................
    sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&pCheck->errMsg, "\n", 1);
  }
  if( zMsg1 ){
    sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&pCheck->errMsg, zMsg1, -1);
  }
  sqlite3VXPrintf(&pCheck->errMsg, 1, zFormat, ap);
  va_end(ap);



}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_INTEGRITY_CHECK */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_INTEGRITY_CHECK
/*
** Add 1 to the reference count for page iPage.  If this is the second
** reference to the page, add an error message to pCheck->zErrMsg.
................................................................................
  }
 
  /* Check for complete coverage of the page
  */
  data = pPage->aData;
  hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;
  hit = sqlite3PageMalloc( pBt->pageSize );
  if( hit ){


    memset(hit, 0, usableSize );
    memset(hit, 1, get2byte(&data[hdr+5]));
    nCell = get2byte(&data[hdr+3]);
    cellStart = hdr + 12 - 4*pPage->leaf;
    for(i=0; i<nCell; i++){
      int pc = get2byte(&data[cellStart+i*2]);
      u16 size = cellSizePtr(pPage, &data[pc]);
................................................................................

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_INTEGRITY_CHECK
/*
** This routine does a complete check of the given BTree file.  aRoot[] is
** an array of pages numbers were each page number is the root page of
** a table.  nRoot is the number of entries in aRoot.
**
** If everything checks out, this routine returns NULL.  If something is
** amiss, an error message is written into memory obtained from malloc()
** and a pointer to that error message is returned.  The calling function
** is responsible for freeing the error message when it is done.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3BtreeIntegrityCheck(
  Btree *p,     /* The btree to be checked */
  int *aRoot,   /* An array of root pages numbers for individual trees */
  int nRoot,    /* Number of entries in aRoot[] */
  int mxErr,    /* Stop reporting errors after this many */
  int *pnErr    /* Write number of errors seen to this variable */
................................................................................
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
  char zErr[100];

  sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);
  pBt->db = p->db;
  nRef = sqlite3PagerRefcount(pBt->pPager);
  if( lockBtreeWithRetry(p)!=SQLITE_OK ){

    sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
    return sqlite3StrDup("Unable to acquire a read lock on the database");

  }
  sCheck.pBt = pBt;
  sCheck.pPager = pBt->pPager;
  sCheck.nPage = pagerPagecount(sCheck.pPager);
  sCheck.mxErr = mxErr;
  sCheck.nErr = 0;

  *pnErr = 0;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
  if( pBt->nTrunc!=0 ){
    sCheck.nPage = pBt->nTrunc;
  }
#endif
  if( sCheck.nPage==0 ){
................................................................................
    return 0;
  }
  sCheck.anRef = sqlite3Malloc( (sCheck.nPage+1)*sizeof(sCheck.anRef[0]) );
  if( !sCheck.anRef ){
    unlockBtreeIfUnused(pBt);
    *pnErr = 1;
    sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
    return sqlite3MPrintf(p->db, "Unable to malloc %d bytes", 
        (sCheck.nPage+1)*sizeof(sCheck.anRef[0]));
  }
  for(i=0; i<=sCheck.nPage; i++){ sCheck.anRef[i] = 0; }
  i = PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt);
  if( i<=sCheck.nPage ){
    sCheck.anRef[i] = 1;
  }
  sqlite3StrAccumInit(&sCheck.errMsg, zErr, sizeof(zErr), 20000);
................................................................................
    );
  }

  /* Clean  up and report errors.
  */
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  sqlite3_free(sCheck.anRef);





  *pnErr = sCheck.nErr;
  if( sCheck.nErr==0 ) sqlite3StrAccumReset(&sCheck.errMsg);
  return sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&sCheck.errMsg);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_INTEGRITY_CHECK */

/*
................................................................................
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file implements a FIFO queue of rowids used for processing
** UPDATE and DELETE statements.
**
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/

/*
** Constants FIFOSIZE_FIRST and FIFOSIZE_MAX are the initial
** number of entries in a fifo page and the maximum number of
** entries in a fifo page.
*/
................................................................................
# define FIFOSIZE_MAX   (((262144-sizeof(FifoPage))/8)+1)
#endif

/*
** Allocate a new FifoPage and return a pointer to it.  Return NULL if
** we run out of memory.  Leave space on the page for nEntry entries.
*/
static FifoPage *allocateFifoPage(int nEntry){
  FifoPage *pPage;
  if( nEntry>FIFOSIZE_MAX ){
    nEntry = FIFOSIZE_MAX;
  }
  pPage = sqlite3Malloc( sizeof(FifoPage) + sizeof(i64)*(nEntry-1) );
  if( pPage ){
    pPage->nSlot = nEntry;
    pPage->iWrite = 0;
    pPage->iRead = 0;
    pPage->pNext = 0;
  }
  return pPage;
}

/*
** Initialize a Fifo structure.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeFifoInit(Fifo *pFifo){
  memset(pFifo, 0, sizeof(*pFifo));

}

/*
** Push a single 64-bit integer value into the Fifo.  Return SQLITE_OK
** normally.   SQLITE_NOMEM is returned if we are unable to allocate
** memory.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeFifoPush(Fifo *pFifo, i64 val){
  FifoPage *pPage;
  pPage = pFifo->pLast;
  if( pPage==0 ){
    pPage = pFifo->pLast = pFifo->pFirst = allocateFifoPage(FIFOSIZE_FIRST);

    if( pPage==0 ){
      return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
  }else if( pPage->iWrite>=pPage->nSlot ){
    pPage->pNext = allocateFifoPage(pFifo->nEntry);
    if( pPage->pNext==0 ){
      return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
    pPage = pFifo->pLast = pPage->pNext;
  }
  pPage->aSlot[pPage->iWrite++] = val;
  pFifo->nEntry++;
................................................................................
  assert( pPage->iWrite<=pPage->nSlot );
  assert( pPage->iRead<pPage->nSlot );
  assert( pPage->iRead>=0 );
  *pVal = pPage->aSlot[pPage->iRead++];
  pFifo->nEntry--;
  if( pPage->iRead>=pPage->iWrite ){
    pFifo->pFirst = pPage->pNext;
    sqlite3_free(pPage);
    if( pFifo->nEntry==0 ){
      assert( pFifo->pLast==pPage );
      pFifo->pLast = 0;
    }else{
      assert( pFifo->pFirst!=0 );
    }
  }else{
................................................................................
** Delete all information from a Fifo object.   Free all memory held
** by the Fifo.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeFifoClear(Fifo *pFifo){
  FifoPage *pPage, *pNextPage;
  for(pPage=pFifo->pFirst; pPage; pPage=pNextPage){
    pNextPage = pPage->pNext;
    sqlite3_free(pPage);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeFifoInit(pFifo);
}

/************** End of vdbefifo.c ********************************************/
/************** Begin file vdbemem.c *****************************************/
/*
** 2004 May 26
**
................................................................................
*************************************************************************
**
** This file contains code use to manipulate "Mem" structure.  A "Mem"
** stores a single value in the VDBE.  Mem is an opaque structure visible
** only within the VDBE.  Interface routines refer to a Mem using the
** name sqlite_value
**
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/

/*
** Call sqlite3VdbeMemExpandBlob() on the supplied value (type Mem*)
** P if required.
*/
#define expandBlob(P) (((P)->flags&MEM_Zero)?sqlite3VdbeMemExpandBlob(P):0)
................................................................................
    ((pMem->zMalloc && pMem->zMalloc==pMem->z) ? 1 : 0) +
    (((pMem->flags&MEM_Dyn)&&pMem->xDel) ? 1 : 0) + 
    ((pMem->flags&MEM_Ephem) ? 1 : 0) + 
    ((pMem->flags&MEM_Static) ? 1 : 0)
  );

  if( n<32 ) n = 32;
  if( sqlite3MallocSize(pMem->zMalloc)<n ){
    if( preserve && pMem->z==pMem->zMalloc ){
      pMem->z = pMem->zMalloc = sqlite3DbReallocOrFree(pMem->db, pMem->z, n);
      if( !pMem->z ){
        pMem->flags = MEM_Null;
      }
      preserve = 0;
    }else{
      sqlite3_free(pMem->zMalloc);
      pMem->zMalloc = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(pMem->db, n);
    }
  }

  if( preserve && pMem->z && pMem->zMalloc && pMem->z!=pMem->zMalloc ){
    memcpy(pMem->zMalloc, pMem->z, pMem->n);
  }
................................................................................
  pMem->z = pMem->zMalloc;
  pMem->flags &= ~(MEM_Ephem|MEM_Static);
  pMem->xDel = 0;
  return (pMem->z ? SQLITE_OK : SQLITE_NOMEM);
}

/*
** Make the given Mem object MEM_Dyn.



**
** Return SQLITE_OK on success or SQLITE_NOMEM if malloc fails.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemDynamicify(Mem *pMem){
  int f;
  assert( pMem->db==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(pMem->db->mutex) );
  expandBlob(pMem);
  f = pMem->flags;
  if( (f&(MEM_Str|MEM_Blob)) && pMem->z!=pMem->zMalloc ){
    if( sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(pMem, pMem->n + 2, 1) ){
      return SQLITE_NOMEM;
................................................................................
    pMem->flags &= ~(MEM_Zero|MEM_Term);
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
#endif


/*
** Make the given Mem object either MEM_Short or MEM_Dyn so that bytes
** of the Mem.z[] array can be modified.
**
** Return SQLITE_OK on success or SQLITE_NOMEM if malloc fails.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemMakeWriteable(Mem *pMem){
  return sqlite3VdbeMemDynamicify(pMem);
}

/*
** Make sure the given Mem is \u0000 terminated.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemNulTerminate(Mem *pMem){
  assert( pMem->db==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(pMem->db->mutex) );
  if( (pMem->flags & MEM_Term)!=0 || (pMem->flags & MEM_Str)==0 ){
    return SQLITE_OK;   /* Nothing to do */
................................................................................
    ctx.s.db = pMem->db;
    ctx.s.zMalloc = 0;
    ctx.pMem = pMem;
    ctx.pFunc = pFunc;
    ctx.isError = 0;
    pFunc->xFinalize(&ctx);
    assert( 0==(pMem->flags&MEM_Dyn) && !pMem->xDel );
    sqlite3_free(pMem->zMalloc);
    *pMem = ctx.s;
    rc = (ctx.isError?SQLITE_ERROR:SQLITE_OK);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
................................................................................
/*
** Release any memory held by the Mem. This may leave the Mem in an
** inconsistent state, for example with (Mem.z==0) and
** (Mem.type==SQLITE_TEXT).
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(Mem *p){
  sqlite3VdbeMemReleaseExternal(p);
  sqlite3_free(p->zMalloc);
  p->z = 0;
  p->zMalloc = 0;
  p->xDel = 0;
}

/*
** Convert a 64-bit IEEE double into a 64-bit signed integer.
................................................................................
    if( flags&MEM_Term ){
      nAlloc += (enc==SQLITE_UTF8?1:2);
    }
    if( sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(pMem, nAlloc, 0) ){
      return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
    memcpy(pMem->z, z, nAlloc);




  }else{
    sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(pMem);
    pMem->z = (char *)z;
    pMem->xDel = xDel;
    flags |= ((xDel==SQLITE_STATIC)?MEM_Static:MEM_Dyn);
  }

................................................................................
  if( !pExpr ){
    *ppVal = 0;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  op = pExpr->op;

  if( op==TK_STRING || op==TK_FLOAT || op==TK_INTEGER ){
    zVal = sqlite3StrNDup((char*)pExpr->token.z, pExpr->token.n);
    pVal = sqlite3ValueNew(db);
    if( !zVal || !pVal ) goto no_mem;
    sqlite3Dequote(zVal);
    sqlite3ValueSetStr(pVal, -1, zVal, SQLITE_UTF8, sqlite3_free);
    if( (op==TK_INTEGER || op==TK_FLOAT ) && affinity==SQLITE_AFF_NONE ){
      sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(pVal, SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC, enc);
    }else{
      sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(pVal, affinity, enc);
    }
  }else if( op==TK_UMINUS ) {
    if( SQLITE_OK==sqlite3ValueFromExpr(db,pExpr->pLeft,enc,affinity,&pVal) ){
................................................................................
    assert( pExpr->token.z[0]=='x' || pExpr->token.z[0]=='X' );
    assert( pExpr->token.z[1]=='\'' );
    assert( pExpr->token.z[pExpr->token.n-1]=='\'' );
    pVal = sqlite3ValueNew(db);
    nVal = pExpr->token.n - 3;
    zVal = (char*)pExpr->token.z + 2;
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr(pVal, sqlite3HexToBlob(db, zVal, nVal), nVal/2,
                         0, sqlite3_free);
  }
#endif

  *ppVal = pVal;
  return SQLITE_OK;

no_mem:
  db->mallocFailed = 1;
  sqlite3_free(zVal);
  sqlite3ValueFree(pVal);
  *ppVal = 0;
  return SQLITE_NOMEM;
}

/*
** Change the string value of an sqlite3_value object
................................................................................

/*
** Free an sqlite3_value object
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ValueFree(sqlite3_value *v){
  if( !v ) return;
  sqlite3VdbeMemRelease((Mem *)v);
  sqlite3_free(v);
}

/*
** Return the number of bytes in the sqlite3_value object assuming
** that it uses the encoding "enc"
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ValueBytes(sqlite3_value *pVal, u8 enc){
................................................................................
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains code used for creating, destroying, and populating
** a VDBE (or an "sqlite3_stmt" as it is known to the outside world.)  Prior
** to version 2.8.7, all this code was combined into the vdbe.c source file.
** But that file was getting too big so this subroutines were split out.
**
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/



/*
** When debugging the code generator in a symbolic debugger, one can
** set the sqlite3VdbeAddopTrace to 1 and all opcodes will be printed
................................................................................
    }

    if( sqlite3VdbeOpcodeHasProperty(opcode, OPFLG_JUMP) && pOp->p2<0 ){
      assert( -1-pOp->p2<p->nLabel );
      pOp->p2 = aLabel[-1-pOp->p2];
    }
  }
  sqlite3_free(p->aLabel);
  p->aLabel = 0;

  *pMaxFuncArgs = nMaxArgs;

  /* If we never rollback a statement transaction, then statement
  ** transactions are not needed.  So change every OP_Statement
  ** opcode into an OP_Noop.  This avoid a call to sqlite3OsOpenExclusive()
................................................................................
}


/*
** If the input FuncDef structure is ephemeral, then free it.  If
** the FuncDef is not ephermal, then do nothing.
*/
static void freeEphemeralFunction(FuncDef *pDef){
  if( pDef && (pDef->flags & SQLITE_FUNC_EPHEM)!=0 ){
    sqlite3_free(pDef);
  }
}

/*
** Delete a P4 value if necessary.
*/
static void freeP4(int p4type, void *p4){
  if( p4 ){
    switch( p4type ){
      case P4_REAL:
      case P4_INT64:
      case P4_MPRINTF:
      case P4_DYNAMIC:
      case P4_KEYINFO:
      case P4_INTARRAY:
      case P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF: {
        sqlite3_free(p4);
        break;
      }
      case P4_VDBEFUNC: {
        VdbeFunc *pVdbeFunc = (VdbeFunc *)p4;
        freeEphemeralFunction(pVdbeFunc->pFunc);
        sqlite3VdbeDeleteAuxData(pVdbeFunc, 0);
        sqlite3_free(pVdbeFunc);
        break;
      }
      case P4_FUNCDEF: {
        freeEphemeralFunction((FuncDef*)p4);
        break;
      }
      case P4_MEM: {
        sqlite3ValueFree((sqlite3_value*)p4);
        break;
      }
    }
................................................................................

/*
** Change N opcodes starting at addr to No-ops.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(Vdbe *p, int addr, int N){
  if( p && p->aOp ){
    VdbeOp *pOp = &p->aOp[addr];

    while( N-- ){
      freeP4(pOp->p4type, pOp->p4.p);
      memset(pOp, 0, sizeof(pOp[0]));
      pOp->opcode = OP_Noop;
      pOp++;
    }
  }
}

................................................................................
** to a string or structure that is guaranteed to exist for the lifetime of
** the Vdbe. In these cases we can just copy the pointer.
**
** If addr<0 then change P4 on the most recently inserted instruction.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(Vdbe *p, int addr, const char *zP4, int n){
  Op *pOp;

  assert( p!=0 );

  assert( p->magic==VDBE_MAGIC_INIT );
  if( p->aOp==0 || p->db->mallocFailed ){
    if (n != P4_KEYINFO) {
      freeP4(n, (void*)*(char**)&zP4);
    }
    return;
  }
  assert( addr<p->nOp );
  if( addr<0 ){
    addr = p->nOp - 1;
    if( addr<0 ) return;
  }
  pOp = &p->aOp[addr];
  freeP4(pOp->p4type, pOp->p4.p);
  pOp->p4.p = 0;
  if( n==P4_INT32 ){
    /* Note: this cast is safe, because the origin data point was an int
    ** that was cast to a (const char *). */
    pOp->p4.i = SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(zP4);
    pOp->p4type = n;
  }else if( zP4==0 ){
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeComment(Vdbe *p, const char *zFormat, ...){
  va_list ap;
  assert( p->nOp>0 || p->aOp==0 );
  assert( p->aOp==0 || p->aOp[p->nOp-1].zComment==0 || p->db->mallocFailed );
  if( p->nOp ){
    char **pz = &p->aOp[p->nOp-1].zComment;
    va_start(ap, zFormat);
    sqlite3_free(*pz);
    *pz = sqlite3VMPrintf(p->db, zFormat, ap);
    va_end(ap);
  }
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeNoopComment(Vdbe *p, const char *zFormat, ...){
  va_list ap;
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(p, OP_Noop);
  assert( p->nOp>0 || p->aOp==0 );
  assert( p->aOp==0 || p->aOp[p->nOp-1].zComment==0 || p->db->mallocFailed );
  if( p->nOp ){
    char **pz = &p->aOp[p->nOp-1].zComment;
    va_start(ap, zFormat);
    sqlite3_free(*pz);
    *pz = sqlite3VMPrintf(p->db, zFormat, ap);
    va_end(ap);
  }
}
#endif  /* NDEBUG */

/*
................................................................................
  fflush(pOut);
}
#endif

/*
** Release an array of N Mem elements
*/
static void releaseMemArray(Mem *p, int N, int freebuffers){
  if( p && N ){
    sqlite3 *db = p->db;
    int malloc_failed = db->mallocFailed;
    while( N-->0 ){
      assert( N<2 || p[0].db==p[1].db );
      if( freebuffers ){
        sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(p);
      }else{
        sqlite3VdbeMemReleaseExternal(p);
      }
      p->flags = MEM_Null;
      p++;
    }
    db->mallocFailed = malloc_failed;
  }
}

................................................................................
  int ii;
  int nFree = 0;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(p->db->mutex) );
  for(ii=1; ii<=p->nMem; ii++){
    Mem *pMem = &p->aMem[ii];
    if( pMem->z && pMem->flags&MEM_Dyn ){
      assert( !pMem->xDel );
      nFree += sqlite3MallocSize(pMem->z);
      sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(pMem);
    }
  }
  return nFree;
}
#endif

................................................................................
  assert( db->magic==SQLITE_MAGIC_BUSY );
  assert( p->rc==SQLITE_OK || p->rc==SQLITE_BUSY );

  /* Even though this opcode does not use dynamic strings for
  ** the result, result columns may become dynamic if the user calls
  ** sqlite3_column_text16(), causing a translation to UTF-16 encoding.
  */
  releaseMemArray(pMem, p->nMem, 1);

  do{
    i = p->pc++;
  }while( i<p->nOp && p->explain==2 && p->aOp[i].opcode!=OP_Explain );
  if( i>=p->nOp ){
    p->rc = SQLITE_OK;
    rc = SQLITE_DONE;
................................................................................
    (void)sqlite3SafetyOff(p->db);
    pModule->xClose(pVtabCursor);
    (void)sqlite3SafetyOn(p->db);
    p->inVtabMethod = 0;
  }
#endif
  if( !pCx->ephemPseudoTable ){
    sqlite3_free(pCx->pData);
  }
  /* memset(pCx, 0, sizeof(Cursor)); */
  /* sqlite3_free(pCx->aType); */
  /* sqlite3_free(pCx); */
}

/*
** Close all cursors except for VTab cursors that are currently
** in use.
*/
static void closeAllCursorsExceptActiveVtabs(Vdbe *p){
................................................................................
/*
** Clean up the VM after execution.
**
** This routine will automatically close any cursors, lists, and/or
** sorters that were left open.  It also deletes the values of
** variables in the aVar[] array.
*/
static void Cleanup(Vdbe *p, int freebuffers){
  int i;

  closeAllCursorsExceptActiveVtabs(p);
  for(i=1; i<=p->nMem; i++){
    MemSetTypeFlag(&p->aMem[i], MEM_Null);
  }
  releaseMemArray(&p->aMem[1], p->nMem, freebuffers);
  sqlite3VdbeFifoClear(&p->sFifo);
  if( p->contextStack ){
    for(i=0; i<p->contextStackTop; i++){
      sqlite3VdbeFifoClear(&p->contextStack[i].sFifo);
    }
    sqlite3_free(p->contextStack);
  }
  p->contextStack = 0;
  p->contextStackDepth = 0;
  p->contextStackTop = 0;
  sqlite3_free(p->zErrMsg);
  p->zErrMsg = 0;
  p->pResultSet = 0;
}

/*
** Set the number of result columns that will be returned by this SQL
** statement. This is now set at compile time, rather than during
** execution of the vdbe program so that sqlite3_column_count() can
** be called on an SQL statement before sqlite3_step().
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(Vdbe *p, int nResColumn){
  Mem *pColName;
  int n;


  releaseMemArray(p->aColName, p->nResColumn*COLNAME_N, 1);
  sqlite3_free(p->aColName);
  n = nResColumn*COLNAME_N;
  p->nResColumn = nResColumn;
  p->aColName = pColName = (Mem*)sqlite3DbMallocZero(p->db, sizeof(Mem)*n );
  if( p->aColName==0 ) return;
  while( n-- > 0 ){
    pColName->flags = MEM_Null;
    pColName->db = p->db;
    pColName++;
  }
}
................................................................................
** Set the name of the idx'th column to be returned by the SQL statement.
** zName must be a pointer to a nul terminated string.
**
** This call must be made after a call to sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols().
**
** If N==P4_STATIC  it means that zName is a pointer to a constant static
** string and we can just copy the pointer. If it is P4_DYNAMIC, then 
** the string is freed using sqlite3_free() when the vdbe is finished with
** it. Otherwise, N bytes of zName are copied.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeSetColName(Vdbe *p, int idx, int var, const char *zName, int N){
  int rc;
  Mem *pColName;
  assert( idx<p->nResColumn );
  assert( var<COLNAME_N );
................................................................................

/*
** A read or write transaction may or may not be active on database handle
** db. If a transaction is active, commit it. If there is a
** write-transaction spanning more than one database file, this routine
** takes care of the master journal trickery.
*/
static int vdbeCommit(sqlite3 *db){
  int i;
  int nTrans = 0;  /* Number of databases with an active write-transaction */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  int needXcommit = 0;

  /* Before doing anything else, call the xSync() callback for any
  ** virtual module tables written in this transaction. This has to
  ** be done before determining whether a master journal file is 
  ** required, as an xSync() callback may add an attached database
  ** to the transaction.
  */
  rc = sqlite3VtabSync(db, rc);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    return rc;
  }

  /* This loop determines (a) if the commit hook should be invoked and
  ** (b) how many database files have open write transactions, not 
  ** including the temp database. (b) is important because if more than 
................................................................................
    sqlite3_file *pMaster = 0;
    i64 offset = 0;
    int res;

    /* Select a master journal file name */
    do {
      u32 random;
      sqlite3_free(zMaster);
      sqlite3_randomness(sizeof(random), &random);
      zMaster = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s-mj%08X", zMainFile, random&0x7fffffff);
      if( !zMaster ){
        return SQLITE_NOMEM;
      }
      rc = sqlite3OsAccess(pVfs, zMaster, SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS, &res);
    }while( rc==SQLITE_OK && res );
................................................................................
      /* Open the master journal. */
      rc = sqlite3OsOpenMalloc(pVfs, zMaster, &pMaster, 
          SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE|SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE|
          SQLITE_OPEN_EXCLUSIVE|SQLITE_OPEN_MASTER_JOURNAL, 0
      );
    }
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      sqlite3_free(zMaster);
      return rc;
    }
 
    /* Write the name of each database file in the transaction into the new
    ** master journal file. If an error occurs at this point close
    ** and delete the master journal file. All the individual journal files
    ** still have 'null' as the master journal pointer, so they will roll
................................................................................
          needSync = 1;
        }
        rc = sqlite3OsWrite(pMaster, zFile, strlen(zFile)+1, offset);
        offset += strlen(zFile)+1;
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          sqlite3OsCloseFree(pMaster);
          sqlite3OsDelete(pVfs, zMaster, 0);
          sqlite3_free(zMaster);
          return rc;
        }
      }
    }

    /* Sync the master journal file. If the IOCAP_SEQUENTIAL device
    ** flag is set this is not required.
................................................................................
    */
    zMainFile = sqlite3BtreeGetDirname(db->aDb[0].pBt);
    if( (needSync 
     && (0==(sqlite3OsDeviceCharacteristics(pMaster)&SQLITE_IOCAP_SEQUENTIAL))
     && (rc=sqlite3OsSync(pMaster, SQLITE_SYNC_NORMAL))!=SQLITE_OK) ){
      sqlite3OsCloseFree(pMaster);
      sqlite3OsDelete(pVfs, zMaster, 0);
      sqlite3_free(zMaster);
      return rc;
    }

    /* Sync all the db files involved in the transaction. The same call
    ** sets the master journal pointer in each individual journal. If
    ** an error occurs here, do not delete the master journal file.
    **
................................................................................
      Btree *pBt = db->aDb[i].pBt;
      if( pBt ){
        rc = sqlite3BtreeCommitPhaseOne(pBt, zMaster);
      }
    }
    sqlite3OsCloseFree(pMaster);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      sqlite3_free(zMaster);
      return rc;
    }

    /* Delete the master journal file. This commits the transaction. After
    ** doing this the directory is synced again before any individual
    ** transaction files are deleted.
    */
    rc = sqlite3OsDelete(pVfs, zMaster, 1);
    sqlite3_free(zMaster);
    zMaster = 0;
    if( rc ){
      return rc;
    }

    /* All files and directories have already been synced, so the following
    ** calls to sqlite3BtreeCommitPhaseTwo() are only closing files and
................................................................................
    */
    if( db->autoCommit && db->activeVdbeCnt==1 ){
      if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK || (p->errorAction==OE_Fail && !isSpecialError) ){
        /* The auto-commit flag is true, and the vdbe program was 
        ** successful or hit an 'OR FAIL' constraint. This means a commit 
        ** is required.
        */
        int rc = vdbeCommit(db);
        if( rc==SQLITE_BUSY ){
          sqlite3BtreeMutexArrayLeave(&p->aMutex);
          return SQLITE_BUSY;
        }else if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          p->rc = rc;
          sqlite3RollbackAll(db);
        }else{
................................................................................
    for(i=0; xFunc && i<db->nDb; i++){ 
      int rc;
      Btree *pBt = db->aDb[i].pBt;
      if( pBt ){
        rc = xFunc(pBt);
        if( rc && (p->rc==SQLITE_OK || p->rc==SQLITE_CONSTRAINT) ){
          p->rc = rc;
          sqlite3_free(p->zErrMsg);
          p->zErrMsg = 0;
        }
      }
    }
  
    /* If this was an INSERT, UPDATE or DELETE and the statement was committed, 
    ** set the change counter. 
................................................................................
** After this routine is run, the VDBE should be ready to be executed
** again.
**
** To look at it another way, this routine resets the state of the
** virtual machine from VDBE_MAGIC_RUN or VDBE_MAGIC_HALT back to
** VDBE_MAGIC_INIT.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeReset(Vdbe *p, int freebuffers){
  sqlite3 *db;
  db = p->db;

  /* If the VM did not run to completion or if it encountered an
  ** error, then it might not have been halted properly.  So halt
  ** it now.
  */
................................................................................
  /* If the VDBE has be run even partially, then transfer the error code
  ** and error message from the VDBE into the main database structure.  But
  ** if the VDBE has just been set to run but has not actually executed any
  ** instructions yet, leave the main database error information unchanged.
  */
  if( p->pc>=0 ){
    if( p->zErrMsg ){
      sqlite3ValueSetStr(db->pErr,-1,p->zErrMsg,SQLITE_UTF8,sqlite3_free);
      db->errCode = p->rc;

      p->zErrMsg = 0;
    }else if( p->rc ){
      sqlite3Error(db, p->rc, 0);
    }else{
      sqlite3Error(db, SQLITE_OK, 0);
    }
  }else if( p->rc && p->expired ){
    /* The expired flag was set on the VDBE before the first call
    ** to sqlite3_step(). For consistency (since sqlite3_step() was
    ** called), set the database error in this case as well.
    */
    sqlite3Error(db, p->rc, 0);
    sqlite3ValueSetStr(db->pErr, -1, p->zErrMsg, SQLITE_UTF8, sqlite3_free);

    p->zErrMsg = 0;
  }

  /* Reclaim all memory used by the VDBE
  */
  Cleanup(p, freebuffers);

  /* Save profiling information from this VDBE run.
  */
#ifdef VDBE_PROFILE
  {
    FILE *out = fopen("vdbe_profile.out", "a");
    if( out ){
................................................................................
        sqlite3VdbePrintOp(out, i, &p->aOp[i]);
      }
      fclose(out);
    }
  }
#endif
  p->magic = VDBE_MAGIC_INIT;
  p->aborted = 0;
  return p->rc & db->errMask;
}
 
/*
** Clean up and delete a VDBE after execution.  Return an integer which is
** the result code.  Write any error message text into *pzErrMsg.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeFinalize(Vdbe *p){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  if( p->magic==VDBE_MAGIC_RUN || p->magic==VDBE_MAGIC_HALT ){
    rc = sqlite3VdbeReset(p, 1);
    assert( (rc & p->db->errMask)==rc );
  }else if( p->magic!=VDBE_MAGIC_INIT ){
    return SQLITE_MISUSE;
  }
  releaseMemArray(&p->aMem[1], p->nMem, 1);
  sqlite3VdbeDelete(p);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Call the destructor for each auxdata entry in pVdbeFunc for which
** the corresponding bit in mask is clear.  Auxdata entries beyond 31
................................................................................
}

/*
** Delete an entire VDBE.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeDelete(Vdbe *p){
  int i;


  if( p==0 ) return;
  Cleanup(p, 1);

  if( p->pPrev ){
    p->pPrev->pNext = p->pNext;
  }else{
    assert( p->db->pVdbe==p );
    p->db->pVdbe = p->pNext;
  }
  if( p->pNext ){
    p->pNext->pPrev = p->pPrev;
  }
  if( p->aOp ){
    Op *pOp = p->aOp;
    for(i=0; i<p->nOp; i++, pOp++){
      freeP4(pOp->p4type, pOp->p4.p);
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
      sqlite3_free(pOp->zComment);
#endif     
    }
    sqlite3_free(p->aOp);
  }
  releaseMemArray(p->aVar, p->nVar, 1);
  sqlite3_free(p->aLabel);
  if( p->aMem ){
    sqlite3_free(&p->aMem[1]);
  }
  releaseMemArray(p->aColName, p->nResColumn*COLNAME_N, 1);
  sqlite3_free(p->aColName);
  sqlite3_free(p->zSql);
  p->magic = VDBE_MAGIC_DEAD;
  sqlite3_free(p);
}

/*
** If a MoveTo operation is pending on the given cursor, then do that
** MoveTo now.  Return an error code.  If no MoveTo is pending, this
** routine does nothing and returns SQLITE_OK.
*/
................................................................................
}

/*
** The following functions:
**
** sqlite3VdbeSerialType()
** sqlite3VdbeSerialTypeLen()
** sqlite3VdbeSerialRead()
** sqlite3VdbeSerialLen()
** sqlite3VdbeSerialWrite()
**
** encapsulate the code that serializes values for storage in SQLite
** data and index records. Each serialized value consists of a
** 'serial-type' and a blob of data. The serial type is an 8-byte unsigned
** integer, stored as a varint.
**
** In an SQLite index record, the serial type is stored directly before
................................................................................
  const void *pKey,      /* The binary record */
  void *pSpace,          /* Space available to hold resulting object */
  int szSpace            /* Size of pSpace[] in bytes */
){
  const unsigned char *aKey = (const unsigned char *)pKey;
  UnpackedRecord *p;
  int nByte;
  int i, idx, d;

  u32 szHdr;
  Mem *pMem;
  
  assert( sizeof(Mem)>sizeof(*p) );
  nByte = sizeof(Mem)*(pKeyInfo->nField+2);
  if( nByte>szSpace ){
    p = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(pKeyInfo->db, nByte);
................................................................................
  }
  p->pKeyInfo = pKeyInfo;
  p->nField = pKeyInfo->nField + 1;
  p->needDestroy = 1;
  p->aMem = pMem = &((Mem*)p)[1];
  idx = getVarint32(aKey, szHdr);
  d = szHdr;
  i = 0;
  while( idx<szHdr && i<p->nField ){
    u32 serial_type;

    idx += getVarint32( aKey+idx, serial_type);
    if( d>=nKey && sqlite3VdbeSerialTypeLen(serial_type)>0 ) break;
    pMem->enc = pKeyInfo->enc;
    pMem->db = pKeyInfo->db;
    pMem->flags = 0;
    pMem->zMalloc = 0;
    d += sqlite3VdbeSerialGet(&aKey[d], serial_type, pMem);
    pMem++;
    i++;
  }
  p->nField = i;
  return (void*)p;
}

/*
** This routine destroys a UnpackedRecord object
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeDeleteUnpackedRecord(UnpackedRecord *p){
................................................................................
      for(i=0, pMem=p->aMem; i<p->nField; i++, pMem++){
        if( pMem->zMalloc ){
          sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(pMem);
        }
      }
    }
    if( p->needFree ){
      sqlite3_free(p);
    }
  }
}

/*
** This function compares the two table rows or index records
** specified by {nKey1, pKey1} and pPKey2.  It returns a negative, zero
................................................................................

/*
** The argument is an index entry composed using the OP_MakeRecord opcode.
** The last entry in this record should be an integer (specifically
** an integer rowid).  This routine returns the number of bytes in
** that integer.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeIdxRowidLen(const u8 *aKey){
  u32 szHdr;        /* Size of the header */
  u32 typeRowid;    /* Serial type of the rowid */

  (void)getVarint32(aKey, szHdr);



  (void)getVarint32(&aKey[szHdr-1], typeRowid);
  return sqlite3VdbeSerialTypeLen(typeRowid);

}
  

/*
** pCur points at an index entry created using the OP_MakeRecord opcode.
** Read the rowid (the last field in the record) and store it in *rowid.
** Return SQLITE_OK if everything works, or an error code otherwise.
................................................................................
  if( nCellKey<=0 ){
    *res = 0;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  m.db = 0;
  m.flags = 0;
  m.zMalloc = 0;
  rc = sqlite3VdbeMemFromBtree(pC->pCursor, 0, nCellKey, 1, &m);

  if( rc ){
    return rc;
  }
  lenRowid = sqlite3VdbeIdxRowidLen((u8*)m.z);
  if( !pUnpacked ){
    pRec = sqlite3VdbeRecordUnpack(pC->pKeyInfo, nKey, pKey,
                                zSpace, sizeof(zSpace));
  }else{
    pRec = pUnpacked;
  }
  if( pRec==0 ){
................................................................................
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
**
** This file contains code use to implement APIs that are part of the
** VDBE.
**
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT
/*
** The following structure contains pointers to the end points of a
** doubly-linked list of all compiled SQL statements that may be holding
** buffers eligible for release when the sqlite3_release_memory() interface is
................................................................................
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_reset(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt){
  int rc;
  if( pStmt==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }else{
    Vdbe *v = (Vdbe*)pStmt;
    sqlite3_mutex_enter(v->db->mutex);
    rc = sqlite3VdbeReset(v, 1);
    stmtLruAdd(v);
    sqlite3VdbeMakeReady(v, -1, 0, 0, 0);
    assert( (rc & (v->db->errMask))==rc );
    sqlite3_mutex_leave(v->db->mutex);
  }
  return rc;
}
................................................................................
    return SQLITE_MISUSE;
  }

  /* Assert that malloc() has not failed */
  db = p->db;
  assert( !db->mallocFailed );

  if( p->aborted ){
    return SQLITE_ABORT;
  }
  if( p->pc<=0 && p->expired ){
    if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      p->rc = SQLITE_SCHEMA;
    }
    rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
    goto end_of_step;
  }
................................................................................

    sqlite3OsCurrentTime(db->pVfs, &rNow);
    elapseTime = (rNow - (int)rNow)*3600.0*24.0*1000000000.0 - p->startTime;
    db->xProfile(db->pProfileArg, p->aOp[0].p4.z, elapseTime);
  }
#endif


  sqlite3Error(p->db, rc, 0);
  p->rc = sqlite3ApiExit(p->db, p->rc);
end_of_step:
  assert( (rc&0xff)==rc );
  if( p->zSql && (rc&0xff)<SQLITE_ROW ){
    /* This behavior occurs if sqlite3_prepare_v2() was used to build
    ** the prepared statement.  Return error codes directly */

    sqlite3Error(p->db, p->rc, 0);
    return p->rc;
  }else{
    /* This is for legacy sqlite3_prepare() builds and when the code
    ** is SQLITE_ROW or SQLITE_DONE */
    return rc;
  }
}
................................................................................
      ** into the database handle. This block copies the error message 
      ** from the database handle into the statement and sets the statement
      ** program counter to 0 to ensure that when the statement is 
      ** finalized or reset the parser error message is available via
      ** sqlite3_errmsg() and sqlite3_errcode().
      */
      const char *zErr = (const char *)sqlite3_value_text(db->pErr); 
      sqlite3_free(v->zErrMsg);
      if( !db->mallocFailed ){
        v->zErrMsg = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, zErr);
      } else {
        v->zErrMsg = 0;
        v->rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
      }
    }
................................................................................
**
** Various scripts scan this source file in order to generate HTML
** documentation, headers files, or other derived files.  The formatting
** of the code in this file is, therefore, important.  See other comments
** in this file for details.  If in doubt, do not deviate from existing
** commenting and indentation practices when changing or adding code.
**
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/

/*
** The following global variable is incremented every time a cursor
** moves, either by the OP_MoveXX, OP_Next, or OP_Prev opcodes.  The test
** procedures use this information to make sure that indices are
** working correctly.  This variable has no function other than to
................................................................................
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
******************************************************************************
**
** This file contains inline asm code for retrieving "high-performance"
** counters for x86 class CPUs.
**
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/
#ifndef _HWTIME_H_
#define _HWTIME_H_

/*
** The following routine only works on pentium-class (or newer) processors.
** It uses the RDTSC opcode to read the cycle count value out of the
................................................................................

  __inline__ sqlite_uint64 sqlite3Hwtime(void){
      unsigned long val;
      __asm__ __volatile__ ("rdtsc" : "=A" (val));
      return val;
  }
 















#else

  #error Need implementation of sqlite3Hwtime() for your platform.

  /*
  ** To compile without implementing sqlite3Hwtime() for your platform,
  ** you can remove the above #error and use the following
................................................................................
  pOp->opcode = OP_String;
  pOp->p1 = strlen(pOp->p4.z);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
  if( encoding!=SQLITE_UTF8 ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr(pOut, pOp->p4.z, -1, SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_STATIC);
    if( SQLITE_OK!=sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(pOut, encoding) ) goto no_mem;
    if( SQLITE_OK!=sqlite3VdbeMemDynamicify(pOut) ) goto no_mem;
    pOut->zMalloc = 0;
    pOut->flags |= MEM_Static;
    pOut->flags &= ~MEM_Dyn;
    if( pOp->p4type==P4_DYNAMIC ){
      sqlite3_free(pOp->p4.z);
    }
    pOp->p4type = P4_DYNAMIC;
    pOp->p4.z = pOut->z;
    pOp->p1 = pOut->n;
    if( pOp->p1>db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH] ){
      goto too_big;
    }
................................................................................
*/
case OP_Add:                   /* same as TK_PLUS, in1, in2, out3 */
case OP_Subtract:              /* same as TK_MINUS, in1, in2, out3 */
case OP_Multiply:              /* same as TK_STAR, in1, in2, out3 */
case OP_Divide:                /* same as TK_SLASH, in1, in2, out3 */
case OP_Remainder: {           /* same as TK_REM, in1, in2, out3 */
  int flags;


  flags = pIn1->flags | pIn2->flags;
  if( (flags & MEM_Null)!=0 ) goto arithmetic_result_is_null;
  if( (pIn1->flags & pIn2->flags & MEM_Int)==MEM_Int ){
    i64 a, b;
    a = pIn1->u.i;
    b = pIn2->u.i;
    switch( pOp->opcode ){
................................................................................
  ** then there are not enough fields in the record to satisfy the
  ** request.  In this case, set the value NULL or to P4 if P4 is
  ** a pointer to a Mem object.
  */
  if( aOffset[p2] ){
    assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );
    if( zRec ){
      if( pDest->flags&MEM_Dyn ){
        sqlite3VdbeSerialGet((u8 *)&zRec[aOffset[p2]], aType[p2], &sMem);
        sMem.db = db; 
        rc = sqlite3VdbeMemCopy(pDest, &sMem);
        assert( !(sMem.flags&MEM_Dyn) );
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          goto op_column_out;
        }
      }else{
        sqlite3VdbeSerialGet((u8 *)&zRec[aOffset[p2]], aType[p2], pDest);
      }
    }else{
      len = sqlite3VdbeSerialTypeLen(aType[p2]);
      sqlite3VdbeMemMove(&sMem, pDest);
      rc = sqlite3VdbeMemFromBtree(pCrsr, aOffset[p2], len, pC->isIndex, &sMem);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        goto op_column_out;
      }
................................................................................
  if( pBt ){
    rc = sqlite3BtreeGetMeta(pBt, 1, (u32 *)&iMeta);
  }else{
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
    iMeta = 0;
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && iMeta!=pOp->p2 ){
    sqlite3_free(p->zErrMsg);
    p->zErrMsg = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, "database schema has changed");
    /* If the schema-cookie from the database file matches the cookie 
    ** stored with the in-memory representation of the schema, do
    ** not reload the schema from the database file.
    **
    ** If virtual-tables are in use, this is not just an optimization.
    ** Often, v-tables store their data in other SQLite tables, which
................................................................................

    /* Make sure K is a string and make zKey point to K
    */
    assert( pK->flags & MEM_Blob );
    zKey = pK->z;
    nKey = pK->n;







    szRowid = sqlite3VdbeIdxRowidLen((u8*)zKey);

    len = nKey-szRowid;

    /* Search for an entry in P1 where all but the last four bytes match K.
    ** If there is no such entry, jump immediately to P2.
    */
    assert( pCx->deferredMoveto==0 );
    pCx->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
................................................................................
    pData->z = 0;
    pData->n = 0;
  }else{
    assert( pData->flags & (MEM_Blob|MEM_Str) );
  }
  if( pC->pseudoTable ){
    if( !pC->ephemPseudoTable ){
      sqlite3_free(pC->pData);
    }
    pC->iKey = iKey;
    pC->nData = pData->n;
    if( pData->z==pData->zMalloc || pC->ephemPseudoTable ){
      pC->pData = pData->z;
      if( !pC->ephemPseudoTable ){
        pData->flags &= ~MEM_Dyn;
................................................................................
  if( zSql==0 ) goto no_mem;
  (void)sqlite3SafetyOff(db);
  assert( db->init.busy==0 );
  db->init.busy = 1;
  assert( !db->mallocFailed );
  rc = sqlite3_exec(db, zSql, sqlite3InitCallback, &initData, 0);
  if( rc==SQLITE_ABORT ) rc = initData.rc;
  sqlite3_free(zSql);
  db->init.busy = 0;
  (void)sqlite3SafetyOn(db);
  if( rc==SQLITE_NOMEM ){
    goto no_mem;
  }
  break;  
}
................................................................................
  int j;          /* Loop counter */
  int nErr;       /* Number of errors reported */
  char *z;        /* Text of the error report */
  Mem *pnErr;     /* Register keeping track of errors remaining */
  
  nRoot = pOp->p2;
  assert( nRoot>0 );
  aRoot = sqlite3Malloc( sizeof(int)*(nRoot+1) );
  if( aRoot==0 ) goto no_mem;
  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=p->nMem );
  pnErr = &p->aMem[pOp->p3];
  assert( (pnErr->flags & MEM_Int)!=0 );
  assert( (pnErr->flags & (MEM_Str|MEM_Blob))==0 );
  pIn1 = &p->aMem[pOp->p1];
  for(j=0; j<nRoot; j++){
................................................................................
    aRoot[j] = sqlite3VdbeIntValue(&pIn1[j]);
  }
  aRoot[j] = 0;
  assert( pOp->p5<db->nDb );
  assert( (p->btreeMask & (1<<pOp->p5))!=0 );
  z = sqlite3BtreeIntegrityCheck(db->aDb[pOp->p5].pBt, aRoot, nRoot,
                                 pnErr->u.i, &nErr);

  pnErr->u.i -= nErr;
  sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(pIn1);
  if( nErr==0 ){
    assert( z==0 );


  }else{
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr(pIn1, z, -1, SQLITE_UTF8, sqlite3_free);
  }
  UPDATE_MAX_BLOBSIZE(pIn1);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(pIn1, encoding);
  sqlite3_free(aRoot);
  break;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_INTEGRITY_CHECK */

/* Opcode: FifoWrite P1 * * * *
**
** Write the integer from register P1 into the Fifo.
*/
case OP_FifoWrite: {        /* in1 */

  if( sqlite3VdbeFifoPush(&p->sFifo, sqlite3VdbeIntValue(pIn1))==SQLITE_NOMEM ){
    goto no_mem;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: FifoRead P1 P2 * * *
................................................................................
                                          sizeof(Context)*(i+1));
    if( p->contextStack==0 ) goto no_mem;
  }
  pContext = &p->contextStack[i];
  pContext->lastRowid = db->lastRowid;
  pContext->nChange = p->nChange;
  pContext->sFifo = p->sFifo;
  sqlite3VdbeFifoInit(&p->sFifo);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: ContextPop * * * 
**
** Restore the Vdbe context to the state it was in when contextPush was last
** executed. The context stores the last insert row id, the last statement
................................................................................
  break;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
/* Opcode: VBegin * * * P4 *
**
** P4 a pointer to an sqlite3_vtab structure. Call the xBegin method 
** for that table.




*/
case OP_VBegin: {

  rc = sqlite3VtabBegin(db, pOp->p4.pVtab);





  break;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
/* Opcode: VCreate P1 * * P4 *
**
................................................................................

  sqlite3_vtab *pVtab = pOp->p4.pVtab;
  sqlite3_module *pModule = (sqlite3_module *)pVtab->pModule;

  assert(pVtab && pModule);
  if( sqlite3SafetyOff(db) ) goto abort_due_to_misuse;
  rc = pModule->xOpen(pVtab, &pVtabCursor);



  if( sqlite3SafetyOn(db) ) goto abort_due_to_misuse;
  if( SQLITE_OK==rc ){
    /* Initialize sqlite3_vtab_cursor base class */
    pVtabCursor->pVtab = pVtab;

    /* Initialise vdbe cursor object */
    pCur = allocateCursor(p, pOp->p1, &pOp[-1], -1, 0);
................................................................................
*/
case OP_VFilter: {   /* jump */
  int nArg;
  int iQuery;
  const sqlite3_module *pModule;
  Mem *pQuery = &p->aMem[pOp->p3];
  Mem *pArgc = &pQuery[1];



  Cursor *pCur = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];

  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3, pQuery);
  assert( pCur->pVtabCursor );
  pModule = pCur->pVtabCursor->pVtab->pModule;



  /* Grab the index number and argc parameters */
  assert( (pQuery->flags&MEM_Int)!=0 && pArgc->flags==MEM_Int );
  nArg = pArgc->u.i;
  iQuery = pQuery->u.i;

  /* Invoke the xFilter method */
................................................................................
    Mem **apArg = p->apArg;
    for(i = 0; i<nArg; i++){
      apArg[i] = &pArgc[i+1];
      storeTypeInfo(apArg[i], 0);
    }

    if( sqlite3SafetyOff(db) ) goto abort_due_to_misuse;

    p->inVtabMethod = 1;
    rc = pModule->xFilter(pCur->pVtabCursor, iQuery, pOp->p4.z, nArg, apArg);
    p->inVtabMethod = 0;




    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      res = pModule->xEof(pCur->pVtabCursor);
    }
    if( sqlite3SafetyOn(db) ) goto abort_due_to_misuse;

    if( res ){
      pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
    }
  }
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
/* Opcode: VRowid P1 P2 * * *
**
** Store into register P2  the rowid of
** the virtual-table that the P1 cursor is pointing to.
*/
case OP_VRowid: {             /* out2-prerelease */

  const sqlite3_module *pModule;
  sqlite_int64 iRow;
  Cursor *pCur = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];

  assert( pCur->pVtabCursor );
  if( pCur->nullRow ){
    break;
  }
  pModule = pCur->pVtabCursor->pVtab->pModule;

  assert( pModule->xRowid );
  if( sqlite3SafetyOff(db) ) goto abort_due_to_misuse;
  rc = pModule->xRowid(pCur->pVtabCursor, &iRow);



  if( sqlite3SafetyOn(db) ) goto abort_due_to_misuse;
  MemSetTypeFlag(pOut, MEM_Int);
  pOut->u.i = iRow;
  break;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

................................................................................
/* Opcode: VColumn P1 P2 P3 * *
**
** Store the value of the P2-th column of
** the row of the virtual-table that the 
** P1 cursor is pointing to into register P3.
*/
case OP_VColumn: {

  const sqlite3_module *pModule;
  Mem *pDest;
  sqlite3_context sContext;

  Cursor *pCur = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pCur->pVtabCursor );
  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=p->nMem );
  pDest = &p->aMem[pOp->p3];
  if( pCur->nullRow ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(pDest);
    break;
  }
  pModule = pCur->pVtabCursor->pVtab->pModule;

  assert( pModule->xColumn );
  memset(&sContext, 0, sizeof(sContext));

  /* The output cell may already have a buffer allocated. Move
  ** the current contents to sContext.s so in case the user-function 
  ** can use the already allocated buffer instead of allocating a 
  ** new one.
  */
  sqlite3VdbeMemMove(&sContext.s, pDest);
  MemSetTypeFlag(&sContext.s, MEM_Null);

  if( sqlite3SafetyOff(db) ) goto abort_due_to_misuse;
  rc = pModule->xColumn(pCur->pVtabCursor, &sContext, pOp->p2);




  /* Copy the result of the function to the P3 register. We
  ** do this regardless of whether or not an error occured to ensure any
  ** dynamic allocation in sContext.s (a Mem struct) is  released.
  */
  sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(&sContext.s, encoding);
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3, pDest);
................................................................................
/* Opcode: VNext P1 P2 * * *
**
** Advance virtual table P1 to the next row in its result set and
** jump to instruction P2.  Or, if the virtual table has reached
** the end of its result set, then fall through to the next instruction.
*/
case OP_VNext: {   /* jump */

  const sqlite3_module *pModule;
  int res = 0;

  Cursor *pCur = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pCur->pVtabCursor );
  if( pCur->nullRow ){
    break;
  }
  pModule = pCur->pVtabCursor->pVtab->pModule;

  assert( pModule->xNext );

  /* Invoke the xNext() method of the module. There is no way for the
  ** underlying implementation to return an error if one occurs during
  ** xNext(). Instead, if an error occurs, true is returned (indicating that 
  ** data is available) and the error code returned when xColumn or
  ** some other method is next invoked on the save virtual table cursor.
  */
  if( sqlite3SafetyOff(db) ) goto abort_due_to_misuse;

  p->inVtabMethod = 1;
  rc = pModule->xNext(pCur->pVtabCursor);
  p->inVtabMethod = 0;




  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    res = pModule->xEof(pCur->pVtabCursor);
  }
  if( sqlite3SafetyOn(db) ) goto abort_due_to_misuse;

  if( !res ){
    /* If there is data, jump to P2 */
................................................................................
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p1, pName);

  Stringify(pName, encoding);

  if( sqlite3SafetyOff(db) ) goto abort_due_to_misuse;
  sqlite3VtabLock(pVtab);
  rc = pVtab->pModule->xRename(pVtab, pName->z);



  sqlite3VtabUnlock(db, pVtab);
  if( sqlite3SafetyOn(db) ) goto abort_due_to_misuse;

  break;
}
#endif

................................................................................
      storeTypeInfo(pX, 0);
      apArg[i] = pX;
      pX++;
    }
    if( sqlite3SafetyOff(db) ) goto abort_due_to_misuse;
    sqlite3VtabLock(pVtab);
    rc = pModule->xUpdate(pVtab, nArg, apArg, &rowid);



    sqlite3VtabUnlock(db, pVtab);
    if( sqlite3SafetyOn(db) ) goto abort_due_to_misuse;
    if( pOp->p1 && rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      assert( nArg>1 && apArg[0] && (apArg[0]->flags&MEM_Null) );
      db->lastRowid = rowid;
    }
    p->nChange++;
................................................................................
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
**
** This file contains code used to implement incremental BLOB I/O.
**
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/


#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_INCRBLOB

/*
** Valid sqlite3_blob* handles point to Incrblob structures.
................................................................................
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(&sParse, "cannot open view: %s", zTable);
    }
#endif
    if( !pTab ){
      if( sParse.zErrMsg ){
        sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zErr), zErr, "%s", sParse.zErrMsg);
      }
      sqlite3_free(sParse.zErrMsg);
      rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
      (void)sqlite3SafetyOff(db);
      sqlite3BtreeLeaveAll(db);
      goto blob_open_out;
    }

    /* Now search pTab for the exact column. */
................................................................................
          type==0?"null": type==7?"real": "integer"
      );
      rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
      goto blob_open_out;
    }
    pBlob = (Incrblob *)sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(Incrblob));
    if( db->mallocFailed ){
      sqlite3_free(pBlob);
      goto blob_open_out;
    }
    pBlob->flags = flags;
    pBlob->pCsr =  v->apCsr[0]->pCursor;
    sqlite3BtreeEnterCursor(pBlob->pCsr);
    sqlite3BtreeCacheOverflow(pBlob->pCsr);
    sqlite3BtreeLeaveCursor(pBlob->pCsr);
................................................................................
** sqlite3_blob_open().
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_blob_close(sqlite3_blob *pBlob){
  Incrblob *p = (Incrblob *)pBlob;
  int rc;

  rc = sqlite3_finalize(p->pStmt);
  sqlite3_free(p);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Perform a read or write operation on a blob
*/
static int blobReadWrite(
................................................................................
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
**
** @(#) $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_ATOMIC_WRITE

/*
** This file implements a special kind of sqlite3_file object used
** by SQLite to create journal files if the atomic-write optimization
................................................................................
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains routines used for analyzing expressions and
** for generating VDBE code that evaluates expressions in SQLite.
**
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/

/*
** Return the 'affinity' of the expression pExpr if any.
**
** If pExpr is a column, a reference to a column via an 'AS' alias,
** or a sub-select with a column as the return value, then the 
................................................................................
** The collating sequence is marked as "explicit" using the EP_ExpCollate
** flag.  An explicit collating sequence will override implicit
** collating sequences.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3ExprSetColl(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr, Token *pName){
  char *zColl = 0;            /* Dequoted name of collation sequence */
  CollSeq *pColl;

  zColl = sqlite3NameFromToken(pParse->db, pName);
  if( pExpr && zColl ){
    pColl = sqlite3LocateCollSeq(pParse, zColl, -1);
    if( pColl ){
      pExpr->pColl = pColl;
      pExpr->flags |= EP_ExpCollate;
    }
  }
  sqlite3_free(zColl);
  return pExpr;
}

/*
** Return the default collation sequence for the expression pExpr. If
** there is no default collation type, return 0.
*/
................................................................................
  Expr *pNew;
  pNew = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(Expr));
  if( pNew==0 ){
    /* When malloc fails, delete pLeft and pRight. Expressions passed to 
    ** this function must always be allocated with sqlite3Expr() for this 
    ** reason. 
    */
    sqlite3ExprDelete(pLeft);
    sqlite3ExprDelete(pRight);
    return 0;
  }
  pNew->op = op;
  pNew->pLeft = pLeft;
  pNew->pRight = pRight;
  pNew->iAgg = -1;
  pNew->span.z = (u8*)"";
................................................................................
** Set the Expr.span field of the given expression to span all
** text between the two given tokens.  Both tokens must be pointing
** at the same string.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprSpan(Expr *pExpr, Token *pLeft, Token *pRight){
  assert( pRight!=0 );
  assert( pLeft!=0 );
  if( pExpr && pRight->z && pLeft->z ){
    pExpr->span.z = pLeft->z;
    pExpr->span.n = pRight->n + (pRight->z - pLeft->z);
  }
}

/*
** Construct a new expression node for a function with multiple
** arguments.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3ExprFunction(Parse *pParse, ExprList *pList, Token *pToken){
  Expr *pNew;

  assert( pToken );
  pNew = sqlite3DbMallocZero(pParse->db, sizeof(Expr) );
  if( pNew==0 ){
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(pList); /* Avoid leaking memory when malloc fails */
    return 0;
  }
  pNew->op = TK_FUNCTION;
  pNew->pList = pList;
  assert( pToken->dyn==0 );
  pNew->token = *pToken;
  pNew->span = pNew->token;
................................................................................
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "too many SQL variables");
  }
}

/*
** Recursively delete an expression tree.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprDelete(Expr *p){
  if( p==0 ) return;
  if( p->span.dyn ) sqlite3_free((char*)p->span.z);
  if( p->token.dyn ) sqlite3_free((char*)p->token.z);
  sqlite3ExprDelete(p->pLeft);
  sqlite3ExprDelete(p->pRight);
  sqlite3ExprListDelete(p->pList);
  sqlite3SelectDelete(p->pSelect);
  sqlite3_free(p);
}

/*
** The Expr.token field might be a string literal that is quoted.
** If so, remove the quotation marks.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DequoteExpr(sqlite3 *db, Expr *p){
................................................................................
  pNew->pLeft = sqlite3ExprDup(db, p->pLeft);
  pNew->pRight = sqlite3ExprDup(db, p->pRight);
  pNew->pList = sqlite3ExprListDup(db, p->pList);
  pNew->pSelect = sqlite3SelectDup(db, p->pSelect);
  return pNew;
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3TokenCopy(sqlite3 *db, Token *pTo, Token *pFrom){
  if( pTo->dyn ) sqlite3_free((char*)pTo->z);
  if( pFrom->z ){
    pTo->n = pFrom->n;
    pTo->z = (u8*)sqlite3DbStrNDup(db, (char*)pFrom->z, pFrom->n);
    pTo->dyn = 1;
  }else{
    pTo->z = 0;
  }
................................................................................
  if( p==0 ) return 0;
  pNew = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, sizeof(*pNew) );
  if( pNew==0 ) return 0;
  pNew->iECursor = 0;
  pNew->nExpr = pNew->nAlloc = p->nExpr;
  pNew->a = pItem = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db,  p->nExpr*sizeof(p->a[0]) );
  if( pItem==0 ){
    sqlite3_free(pNew);
    return 0;
  } 
  pOldItem = p->a;
  for(i=0; i<p->nExpr; i++, pItem++, pOldItem++){
    Expr *pNewExpr, *pOldExpr;
    pItem->pExpr = pNewExpr = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pOldExpr = pOldItem->pExpr);
    if( pOldExpr->span.z!=0 && pNewExpr ){
................................................................................
  int i;
  if( p==0 ) return 0;
  pNew = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, sizeof(*pNew) );
  if( pNew==0 ) return 0;
  pNew->nId = pNew->nAlloc = p->nId;
  pNew->a = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, p->nId*sizeof(p->a[0]) );
  if( pNew->a==0 ){
    sqlite3_free(pNew);
    return 0;
  }
  for(i=0; i<p->nId; i++){
    struct IdList_item *pNewItem = &pNew->a[i];
    struct IdList_item *pOldItem = &p->a[i];
    pNewItem->zName = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pOldItem->zName);
    pNewItem->idx = pOldItem->idx;
................................................................................
    pItem->zName = sqlite3NameFromToken(db, pName);
    pItem->pExpr = pExpr;
  }
  return pList;

no_mem:     
  /* Avoid leaking memory if malloc has failed. */
  sqlite3ExprDelete(pExpr);
  sqlite3ExprListDelete(pList);
  return 0;
}

/*
** If the expression list pEList contains more than iLimit elements,
** leave an error message in pParse.
*/
................................................................................
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "too many columns in %s", zObject);
  }
}

/*
** Delete an entire expression list.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprListDelete(ExprList *pList){
  int i;
  struct ExprList_item *pItem;
  if( pList==0 ) return;
  assert( pList->a!=0 || (pList->nExpr==0 && pList->nAlloc==0) );
  assert( pList->nExpr<=pList->nAlloc );
  for(pItem=pList->a, i=0; i<pList->nExpr; i++, pItem++){
    sqlite3ExprDelete(pItem->pExpr);
    sqlite3_free(pItem->zName);
  }
  sqlite3_free(pList->a);
  sqlite3_free(pList);
}

/*
** Walk an expression tree.  Call xFunc for each node visited.  xFunc
** is called on the node before xFunc is called on the nodes children.
**
** The return value from xFunc determines whether the tree walk continues.
................................................................................
          Expr *pDup, *pOrig;
          assert( pExpr->pLeft==0 && pExpr->pRight==0 );
          assert( pExpr->pList==0 );
          assert( pExpr->pSelect==0 );
          pOrig = pEList->a[j].pExpr;
          if( !pNC->allowAgg && ExprHasProperty(pOrig, EP_Agg) ){
            sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "misuse of aliased aggregate %s", zAs);
            sqlite3_free(zCol);
            return 2;
          }
          pDup = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pOrig);
          if( pExpr->flags & EP_ExpCollate ){
            pDup->pColl = pExpr->pColl;
            pDup->flags |= EP_ExpCollate;
          }
          if( pExpr->span.dyn ) sqlite3_free((char*)pExpr->span.z);
          if( pExpr->token.dyn ) sqlite3_free((char*)pExpr->token.z);
          memcpy(pExpr, pDup, sizeof(*pExpr));
          sqlite3_free(pDup);
          cnt = 1;
          pMatch = 0;
          assert( zTab==0 && zDb==0 );
          goto lookupname_end_2;
        }
      } 
    }
................................................................................
  ** case, we need to return right away and not make any changes to
  ** pExpr.
  **
  ** Because no reference was made to outer contexts, the pNC->nRef
  ** fields are not changed in any context.
  */
  if( cnt==0 && zTab==0 && pColumnToken->z[0]=='"' ){
    sqlite3_free(zCol);
    return 0;
  }

  /*
  ** cnt==0 means there was not match.  cnt>1 means there were two or
  ** more matches.  Either way, we have an error.
  */
................................................................................
    assert( pMatch->iCursor==pExpr->iTable );
    pMatch->colUsed |= ((Bitmask)1)<<n;
  }

lookupname_end:
  /* Clean up and return
  */
  sqlite3_free(zDb);
  sqlite3_free(zTab);
  sqlite3ExprDelete(pExpr->pLeft);
  pExpr->pLeft = 0;
  sqlite3ExprDelete(pExpr->pRight);
  pExpr->pRight = 0;
  pExpr->op = TK_COLUMN;
lookupname_end_2:
  sqlite3_free(zCol);
  if( cnt==1 ){
    assert( pNC!=0 );
    sqlite3AuthRead(pParse, pExpr, pSchema, pNC->pSrcList);
    if( pMatch && !pMatch->pSelect ){
      pExpr->pTab = pMatch->pTab;
    }
    /* Increment the nRef value on all name contexts from TopNC up to
................................................................................
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, dest.iParm);
        VdbeComment((v, "Init subquery result"));
      }else{
        dest.eDest = SRT_Exists;
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, dest.iParm);
        VdbeComment((v, "Init EXISTS result"));
      }
      sqlite3ExprDelete(pSel->pLimit);
      pSel->pLimit = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_INTEGER, 0, 0, &one);
      if( sqlite3Select(pParse, pSel, &dest, 0, 0, 0) ){
        return;
      }
      pExpr->iColumn = dest.iParm;
      break;
    }
................................................................................
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains C code routines that used to generate VDBE code
** that implements the ALTER TABLE command.
**
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/

/*
** The code in this file only exists if we are not omitting the
** ALTER TABLE logic from the build.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_ALTERTABLE
................................................................................
        len = sqlite3GetToken(zCsr, &token);
      } while( token==TK_SPACE || token==TK_COMMENT );
      assert( len>0 );
    } while( token!=TK_LP && token!=TK_USING );

    zRet = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%.*s\"%w\"%s", tname.z - zSql, zSql, 
       zTableName, tname.z+tname.n);
    sqlite3_result_text(context, zRet, -1, sqlite3_free);
  }
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
/* This function is used by SQL generated to implement the
** ALTER TABLE command. The first argument is the text of a CREATE TRIGGER 
** statement. The second is a table name. The table name in the CREATE 
................................................................................
    } while( dist!=2 || (token!=TK_WHEN && token!=TK_FOR && token!=TK_BEGIN) );

    /* Variable tname now contains the token that is the old table-name
    ** in the CREATE TRIGGER statement.
    */
    zRet = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%.*s\"%w\"%s", tname.z - zSql, zSql, 
       zTableName, tname.z+tname.n);
    sqlite3_result_text(context, zRet, -1, sqlite3_free);
  }
}
#endif   /* !SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER */

/*
** Register built-in functions used to help implement ALTER TABLE
*/
................................................................................
    for( pTrig=pTab->pTrigger; pTrig; pTrig=pTrig->pNext ){
      if( pTrig->pSchema==pTempSchema ){
        if( !zWhere ){
          zWhere = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "name=%Q", pTrig->name);
        }else{
          tmp = zWhere;
          zWhere = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s OR name=%Q", zWhere, pTrig->name);
          sqlite3_free(tmp);
        }
      }
    }
  }
  return zWhere;
}

................................................................................
  */
  if( (zWhere=whereTempTriggers(pParse, pTab))!=0 ){
    sqlite3NestedParse(pParse, 
        "UPDATE sqlite_temp_master SET "
            "sql = sqlite_rename_trigger(sql, %Q), "
            "tbl_name = %Q "
            "WHERE %s;", zName, zName, zWhere);
    sqlite3_free(zWhere);
  }
#endif

  /* Drop and reload the internal table schema. */
  reloadTableSchema(pParse, pTab, zName);

exit_rename_table:
  sqlite3SrcListDelete(pSrc);
  sqlite3_free(zName);
}


/*
** This function is called after an "ALTER TABLE ... ADD" statement
** has been parsed. Argument pColDef contains the text of the new
** column definition.
................................................................................
    sqlite3NestedParse(pParse, 
        "UPDATE \"%w\".%s SET "
          "sql = substr(sql,1,%d) || ', ' || %Q || substr(sql,%d) "
        "WHERE type = 'table' AND name = %Q", 
      zDb, SCHEMA_TABLE(iDb), pNew->addColOffset, zCol, pNew->addColOffset+1,
      zTab
    );
    sqlite3_free(zCol);
  }

  /* If the default value of the new column is NULL, then set the file
  ** format to 2. If the default value of the new column is not NULL,
  ** the file format becomes 3.
  */
  sqlite3MinimumFileFormat(pParse, iDb, pDflt ? 3 : 2);
................................................................................
  /* Put a copy of the Table struct in Parse.pNewTable for the
  ** sqlite3AddColumn() function and friends to modify.
  */
  pNew = (Table*)sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(Table));
  if( !pNew ) goto exit_begin_add_column;
  pParse->pNewTable = pNew;
  pNew->nRef = 1;

  pNew->nCol = pTab->nCol;
  assert( pNew->nCol>0 );
  nAlloc = (((pNew->nCol-1)/8)*8)+8;
  assert( nAlloc>=pNew->nCol && nAlloc%8==0 && nAlloc-pNew->nCol<8 );
  pNew->aCol = (Column*)sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(Column)*nAlloc);
  pNew->zName = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pTab->zName);
  if( !pNew->aCol || !pNew->zName ){
................................................................................
  /* Begin a transaction and increment the schema cookie.  */
  sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 0, iDb);
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( !v ) goto exit_begin_add_column;
  sqlite3ChangeCookie(pParse, iDb);

exit_begin_add_column:
  sqlite3SrcListDelete(pSrc);
  return;
}
#endif  /* SQLITE_ALTER_TABLE */

/************** End of alter.c ***********************************************/
/************** Begin file analyze.c *****************************************/
/*
................................................................................
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains code associated with the ANALYZE command.
**
** @(#) $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_ANALYZE

/*
** This routine generates code that opens the sqlite_stat1 table on cursor
** iStatCur.
**
................................................................................
    iDb = sqlite3FindDb(db, pName1);
    if( iDb>=0 ){
      analyzeDatabase(pParse, iDb);
    }else{
      z = sqlite3NameFromToken(db, pName1);
      if( z ){
        pTab = sqlite3LocateTable(pParse, 0, z, 0);
        sqlite3_free(z);
        if( pTab ){
          analyzeTable(pParse, pTab);
        }
      }
    }
  }else{
    /* Form 3: Analyze the fully qualified table name */
    iDb = sqlite3TwoPartName(pParse, pName1, pName2, &pTableName);
    if( iDb>=0 ){
      zDb = db->aDb[iDb].zName;
      z = sqlite3NameFromToken(db, pTableName);
      if( z ){
        pTab = sqlite3LocateTable(pParse, 0, z, zDb);
        sqlite3_free(z);
        if( pTab ){
          analyzeTable(pParse, pTab);
        }
      }
    }   
  }
}
................................................................................

  /* Load new statistics out of the sqlite_stat1 table */
  zSql = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "SELECT idx, stat FROM %Q.sqlite_stat1",
                        sInfo.zDatabase);
  (void)sqlite3SafetyOff(db);
  rc = sqlite3_exec(db, zSql, analysisLoader, &sInfo, 0);
  (void)sqlite3SafetyOn(db);
  sqlite3_free(zSql);
  return rc;
}


#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_ANALYZE */

/************** End of analyze.c *********************************************/
................................................................................
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains code used to implement the ATTACH and DETACH commands.
**
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_ATTACH
/*
** Resolve an expression that was part of an ATTACH or DETACH statement. This
** is slightly different from resolving a normal SQL expression, because simple
** identifiers are treated as strings, not possible column names or aliases.
................................................................................
  
  return;

attach_error:
  /* Return an error if we get here */
  if( zErrDyn ){
    sqlite3_result_error(context, zErrDyn, -1);
    sqlite3_free(zErrDyn);
  }else{
    zErr[sizeof(zErr)-1] = 0;
    sqlite3_result_error(context, zErr, -1);
  }
  if( rc ) sqlite3_result_error_code(context, rc);
}

................................................................................
  assert( db->mallocFailed || pAuthArg );
  if( pAuthArg ){
    char *zAuthArg = sqlite3NameFromToken(db, &pAuthArg->span);
    if( !zAuthArg ){
      goto attach_end;
    }
    rc = sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, type, zAuthArg, 0, 0);
    sqlite3_free(zAuthArg);
    if(rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      goto attach_end;
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION */

  memset(&sName, 0, sizeof(NameContext));
................................................................................
    ** statement only). For DETACH, set it to false (expire all existing
    ** statements).
    */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Expire, (type==SQLITE_ATTACH));
  }
  
attach_end:
  sqlite3ExprDelete(pFilename);
  sqlite3ExprDelete(pDbname);
  sqlite3ExprDelete(pKey);
}

/*
** Called by the parser to compile a DETACH statement.
**
**     DETACH pDbname
*/
................................................................................
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains code used to implement the sqlite3_set_authorizer()
** API.  This facility is an optional feature of the library.  Embedded
** systems that do not need this facility may omit it by recompiling
** the library with -DSQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION=1
**
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/

/*
** All of the code in this file may be omitted by defining a single
** macro.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
................................................................................
**     CREATE INDEX
**     DROP INDEX
**     creating ID lists
**     BEGIN TRANSACTION
**     COMMIT
**     ROLLBACK
**
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/

/*
** This routine is called when a new SQL statement is beginning to
** be parsed.  Initialize the pParse structure as needed.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BeginParse(Parse *pParse, int explainFlag){
................................................................................
  sqlite3 *db;
  Vdbe *v;

  db = pParse->db;
  if( db->mallocFailed ) return;
  if( pParse->nested ) return;
  if( pParse->nErr ) return;
  if( !pParse->pVdbe ){
    if( pParse->rc==SQLITE_OK && pParse->nErr ){
      pParse->rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
      return;
    }
  }

  /* Begin by generating some termination code at the end of the
  ** vdbe program
  */
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Halt);
................................................................................
** INSERT, UPDATE, and DELETE operations against SQLITE_MASTER.  Use
** care if you decide to try to use this routine for some other purposes.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3NestedParse(Parse *pParse, const char *zFormat, ...){
  va_list ap;
  char *zSql;
  char *zErrMsg = 0;

# define SAVE_SZ  (sizeof(Parse) - offsetof(Parse,nVar))
  char saveBuf[SAVE_SZ];

  if( pParse->nErr ) return;
  assert( pParse->nested<10 );  /* Nesting should only be of limited depth */
  va_start(ap, zFormat);
  zSql = sqlite3VMPrintf(pParse->db, zFormat, ap);
  va_end(ap);
  if( zSql==0 ){
    pParse->db->mallocFailed = 1;
    return;   /* A malloc must have failed */
  }
  pParse->nested++;
  memcpy(saveBuf, &pParse->nVar, SAVE_SZ);
  memset(&pParse->nVar, 0, SAVE_SZ);
  sqlite3RunParser(pParse, zSql, &zErrMsg);
  sqlite3_free(zErrMsg);
  sqlite3_free(zSql);
  memcpy(&pParse->nVar, saveBuf, SAVE_SZ);
  pParse->nested--;
}

/*
** Locate the in-memory structure that describes a particular database
** table given the name of that table and (optionally) the name of the
................................................................................
  return p;
}

/*
** Reclaim the memory used by an index
*/
static void freeIndex(Index *p){

  sqlite3_free(p->zColAff);
  sqlite3_free(p);
}

/*
** Remove the given index from the index hash table, and free
** its memory structures.
**
** The index is removed from the database hash tables but
................................................................................
      if( pDb->pAux && pDb->xFreeAux ) pDb->xFreeAux(pDb->pAux);
      pDb->pAux = 0;
    }
  }
  for(i=j=2; i<db->nDb; i++){
    struct Db *pDb = &db->aDb[i];
    if( pDb->pBt==0 ){
      sqlite3_free(pDb->zName);
      pDb->zName = 0;
      continue;
    }
    if( j<i ){
      db->aDb[j] = db->aDb[i];
    }
    j++;
  }
  memset(&db->aDb[j], 0, (db->nDb-j)*sizeof(db->aDb[j]));
  db->nDb = j;
  if( db->nDb<=2 && db->aDb!=db->aDbStatic ){
    memcpy(db->aDbStatic, db->aDb, 2*sizeof(db->aDb[0]));
    sqlite3_free(db->aDb);
    db->aDb = db->aDbStatic;
  }
}

/*
** This routine is called when a commit occurs.
*/
................................................................................

/*
** Clear the column names from a table or view.
*/
static void sqliteResetColumnNames(Table *pTable){
  int i;
  Column *pCol;

  assert( pTable!=0 );
  if( (pCol = pTable->aCol)!=0 ){
    for(i=0; i<pTable->nCol; i++, pCol++){
      sqlite3_free(pCol->zName);
      sqlite3ExprDelete(pCol->pDflt);
      sqlite3_free(pCol->zType);
      sqlite3_free(pCol->zColl);
    }
    sqlite3_free(pTable->aCol);
  }
  pTable->aCol = 0;
  pTable->nCol = 0;
}

/*
** Remove the memory data structures associated with the given
................................................................................
** foreign keys from the sqlite.aFKey hash table.  But it does destroy
** memory structures of the indices and foreign keys associated with 
** the table.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DeleteTable(Table *pTable){
  Index *pIndex, *pNext;
  FKey *pFKey, *pNextFKey;


  if( pTable==0 ) return;


  /* Do not delete the table until the reference count reaches zero. */
  pTable->nRef--;
  if( pTable->nRef>0 ){
    return;
  }
  assert( pTable->nRef==0 );
................................................................................
  /* Delete all foreign keys associated with this table.  The keys
  ** should have already been unlinked from the pSchema->aFKey hash table 
  */
  for(pFKey=pTable->pFKey; pFKey; pFKey=pNextFKey){
    pNextFKey = pFKey->pNextFrom;
    assert( sqlite3HashFind(&pTable->pSchema->aFKey,
                           pFKey->zTo, strlen(pFKey->zTo)+1)!=pFKey );
    sqlite3_free(pFKey);
  }
#endif

  /* Delete the Table structure itself.
  */
  sqliteResetColumnNames(pTable);
  sqlite3_free(pTable->zName);
  sqlite3_free(pTable->zColAff);
  sqlite3SelectDelete(pTable->pSelect);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK
  sqlite3ExprDelete(pTable->pCheck);
#endif
  sqlite3VtabClear(pTable);
  sqlite3_free(pTable);
}

/*
** Unlink the given table from the hash tables and the delete the
** table structure with all its indices and foreign keys.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3UnlinkAndDeleteTable(sqlite3 *db, int iDb, const char *zTabName){
................................................................................
    n = strlen(zName);
    for(i=(db->nDb-1), pDb=&db->aDb[i]; i>=0; i--, pDb--){
      if( (!OMIT_TEMPDB || i!=1 ) && n==strlen(pDb->zName) && 
          0==sqlite3StrICmp(pDb->zName, zName) ){
        break;
      }
    }
    sqlite3_free(zName);
  }
  return i;
}

/* The table or view or trigger name is passed to this routine via tokens
** pName1 and pName2. If the table name was fully qualified, for example:
**
................................................................................
    pParse->nErr++;
    goto begin_table_error;
  }
  pTable->zName = zName;
  pTable->iPKey = -1;
  pTable->pSchema = db->aDb[iDb].pSchema;
  pTable->nRef = 1;

  if( pParse->pNewTable ) sqlite3DeleteTable(pParse->pNewTable);
  pParse->pNewTable = pTable;

  /* If this is the magic sqlite_sequence table used by autoincrement,
  ** then record a pointer to this table in the main database structure
  ** so that INSERT can find the table easily.
  */
................................................................................
  }

  /* Normal (non-error) return. */
  return;

  /* If an error occurs, we jump here */
begin_table_error:
  sqlite3_free(zName);
  return;
}

/*
** This macro is used to compare two strings in a case-insensitive manner.
** It is slightly faster than calling sqlite3StrICmp() directly, but
** produces larger code.
................................................................................
  }
#endif
  z = sqlite3NameFromToken(pParse->db, pName);
  if( z==0 ) return;
  for(i=0; i<p->nCol; i++){
    if( STRICMP(z, p->aCol[i].zName) ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "duplicate column name: %s", z);
      sqlite3_free(z);
      return;
    }
  }
  if( (p->nCol & 0x7)==0 ){
    Column *aNew;
    aNew = sqlite3DbRealloc(pParse->db,p->aCol,(p->nCol+8)*sizeof(p->aCol[0]));
    if( aNew==0 ){
      sqlite3_free(z);
      return;
    }
    p->aCol = aNew;
  }
  pCol = &p->aCol[p->nCol];
  memset(pCol, 0, sizeof(p->aCol[0]));
  pCol->zName = z;
................................................................................
** that contains the typename of the column and store that string
** in zType.
*/ 
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AddColumnType(Parse *pParse, Token *pType){
  Table *p;
  int i;
  Column *pCol;


  if( (p = pParse->pNewTable)==0 ) return;
  i = p->nCol-1;
  if( i<0 ) return;
  pCol = &p->aCol[i];

  sqlite3_free(pCol->zType);
  pCol->zType = sqlite3NameFromToken(pParse->db, pType);
  pCol->affinity = sqlite3AffinityType(pType);
}

/*
** The expression is the default value for the most recently added column
** of the table currently under construction.
**
................................................................................
**
** This routine is called by the parser while in the middle of
** parsing a CREATE TABLE statement.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AddDefaultValue(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr){
  Table *p;
  Column *pCol;

  if( (p = pParse->pNewTable)!=0 ){
    pCol = &(p->aCol[p->nCol-1]);
    if( !sqlite3ExprIsConstantOrFunction(pExpr) ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "default value of column [%s] is not constant",
          pCol->zName);
    }else{
      Expr *pCopy;
      sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
      sqlite3ExprDelete(pCol->pDflt);
      pCol->pDflt = pCopy = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pExpr);
      if( pCopy ){
        sqlite3TokenCopy(db, &pCopy->span, &pExpr->span);
      }
    }
  }
  sqlite3ExprDelete(pExpr);
}

/*
** Designate the PRIMARY KEY for the table.  pList is a list of names 
** of columns that form the primary key.  If pList is NULL, then the
** most recently added column of the table is the primary key.
**
................................................................................
#endif
  }else{
    sqlite3CreateIndex(pParse, 0, 0, 0, pList, onError, 0, 0, sortOrder, 0);
    pList = 0;
  }

primary_key_exit:
  sqlite3ExprListDelete(pList);
  return;
}

/*
** Add a new CHECK constraint to the table currently under construction.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AddCheckConstraint(
  Parse *pParse,    /* Parsing context */
  Expr *pCheckExpr  /* The check expression */
){

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK
  Table *pTab = pParse->pNewTable;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  if( pTab && !IN_DECLARE_VTAB ){
    /* The CHECK expression must be duplicated so that tokens refer
    ** to malloced space and not the (ephemeral) text of the CREATE TABLE
    ** statement */
    pTab->pCheck = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pTab->pCheck, 
                                  sqlite3ExprDup(db, pCheckExpr));
  }
#endif
  sqlite3ExprDelete(pCheckExpr);
}

/*
** Set the collation function of the most recently parsed table column
** to the CollSeq given.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AddCollateType(Parse *pParse, Token *pToken){
  Table *p;
  int i;
  char *zColl;              /* Dequoted name of collation sequence */


  if( (p = pParse->pNewTable)==0 ) return;
  i = p->nCol-1;

  zColl = sqlite3NameFromToken(pParse->db, pToken);
  if( !zColl ) return;

  if( sqlite3LocateCollSeq(pParse, zColl, -1) ){
    Index *pIdx;
    p->aCol[i].zColl = zColl;
  
    /* If the column is declared as "<name> PRIMARY KEY COLLATE <type>",
................................................................................
    for(pIdx=p->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
      assert( pIdx->nColumn==1 );
      if( pIdx->aiColumn[0]==i ){
        pIdx->azColl[0] = p->aCol[i].zColl;
      }
    }
  }else{
    sqlite3_free(zColl);
  }
}

/*
** This function returns the collation sequence for database native text
** encoding identified by the string zName, length nName.
**
................................................................................
    ** a schema-lock excludes all other database users, the write-lock would
    ** be redundant.
    */
    if( pSelect ){
      SelectDest dest;
      Table *pSelTab;


      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenWrite, 1, pParse->regRoot, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 1);
      pParse->nTab = 2;
      sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, SRT_Table, 1);
      sqlite3Select(pParse, pSelect, &dest, 0, 0, 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, 1);
      if( pParse->nErr==0 ){
................................................................................
      zType,
      p->zName,
      p->zName,
      pParse->regRoot,
      zStmt,
      pParse->regRowid
    );
    sqlite3_free(zStmt);
    sqlite3ChangeCookie(pParse, iDb);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT
    /* Check to see if we need to create an sqlite_sequence table for
    ** keeping track of autoincrement keys.
    */
    if( p->autoInc ){
................................................................................
  DbFixer sFix;
  Token *pName;
  int iDb;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;

  if( pParse->nVar>0 ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "parameters are not allowed in views");
    sqlite3SelectDelete(pSelect);
    return;
  }
  sqlite3StartTable(pParse, pName1, pName2, isTemp, 1, 0, noErr);
  p = pParse->pNewTable;
  if( p==0 || pParse->nErr ){
    sqlite3SelectDelete(pSelect);
    return;
  }
  sqlite3TwoPartName(pParse, pName1, pName2, &pName);
  iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, p->pSchema);
  if( sqlite3FixInit(&sFix, pParse, iDb, "view", pName)
    && sqlite3FixSelect(&sFix, pSelect)
  ){
    sqlite3SelectDelete(pSelect);
    return;
  }

  /* Make a copy of the entire SELECT statement that defines the view.
  ** This will force all the Expr.token.z values to be dynamically
  ** allocated rather than point to the input string - which means that
  ** they will persist after the current sqlite3_exec() call returns.
  */
  p->pSelect = sqlite3SelectDup(db, pSelect);
  sqlite3SelectDelete(pSelect);
  if( db->mallocFailed ){
    return;
  }
  if( !db->init.busy ){
    sqlite3ViewGetColumnNames(pParse, p);
  }

................................................................................
      pSelTab->aCol = 0;
      sqlite3DeleteTable(pSelTab);
      pTable->pSchema->flags |= DB_UnresetViews;
    }else{
      pTable->nCol = 0;
      nErr++;
    }
    sqlite3SelectDelete(pSel);
  } else {
    nErr++;
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW */
  return nErr;  
}
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE) */
................................................................................
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_DropTable, iDb, 0, 0, pTab->zName, 0);
    sqlite3ChangeCookie(pParse, iDb);
  }
  sqliteViewResetAll(db, iDb);

exit_drop_table:
  sqlite3SrcListDelete(pName);
}

/*
** This routine is called to create a new foreign key on the table
** currently under construction.  pFromCol determines which columns
** in the current table point to the foreign key.  If pFromCol==0 then
** connect the key to the last column inserted.  pTo is the name of
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
  FKey *pFKey = 0;
  Table *p = pParse->pNewTable;
  int nByte;
  int i;
  int nCol;
  char *z;


  assert( pTo!=0 );

  if( p==0 || pParse->nErr || IN_DECLARE_VTAB ) goto fk_end;
  if( pFromCol==0 ){
    int iCol = p->nCol-1;
    if( iCol<0 ) goto fk_end;
    if( pToCol && pToCol->nExpr!=1 ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "foreign key on %s"
         " should reference only one column of table %T",
................................................................................
  }
  nByte = sizeof(*pFKey) + nCol*sizeof(pFKey->aCol[0]) + pTo->n + 1;
  if( pToCol ){
    for(i=0; i<pToCol->nExpr; i++){
      nByte += strlen(pToCol->a[i].zName) + 1;
    }
  }
  pFKey = sqlite3DbMallocZero(pParse->db, nByte );
  if( pFKey==0 ){
    goto fk_end;
  }
  pFKey->pFrom = p;
  pFKey->pNextFrom = p->pFKey;
  z = (char*)&pFKey[1];
  pFKey->aCol = (struct sColMap*)z;
................................................................................

  /* Link the foreign key to the table as the last step.
  */
  p->pFKey = pFKey;
  pFKey = 0;

fk_end:
  sqlite3_free(pFKey);
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY) */
  sqlite3ExprListDelete(pFromCol);
  sqlite3ExprListDelete(pToCol);
}

/*
** This routine is called when an INITIALLY IMMEDIATE or INITIALLY DEFERRED
** clause is seen as part of a foreign key definition.  The isDeferred
** parameter is 1 for INITIALLY DEFERRED and 0 for INITIALLY IMMEDIATE.
** The behavior of the most recently created foreign key is adjusted
................................................................................
        "INSERT INTO %Q.%s VALUES('index',%Q,%Q,#%d,%Q);",
        db->aDb[iDb].zName, SCHEMA_TABLE(iDb),
        pIndex->zName,
        pTab->zName,
        iMem,
        zStmt
    );
    sqlite3_free(zStmt);

    /* Fill the index with data and reparse the schema. Code an OP_Expire
    ** to invalidate all pre-compiled statements.
    */
    if( pTblName ){
      sqlite3RefillIndex(pParse, pIndex, iMem);
      sqlite3ChangeCookie(pParse, iDb);
................................................................................
  }

  /* Clean up before exiting */
exit_create_index:
  if( pIndex ){
    freeIndex(pIndex);
  }
  sqlite3ExprListDelete(pList);
  sqlite3SrcListDelete(pTblName);
  sqlite3_free(zName);
  return;
}

/*
** Generate code to make sure the file format number is at least minFormat.
** The generated code will increase the file format number if necessary.
*/
................................................................................
    }
    sqlite3ChangeCookie(pParse, iDb);
    destroyRootPage(pParse, pIndex->tnum, iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_DropIndex, iDb, 0, 0, pIndex->zName, 0);
  }

exit_drop_index:
  sqlite3SrcListDelete(pName);
}

/*
** pArray is a pointer to an array of objects.  Each object in the
** array is szEntry bytes in size.  This routine allocates a new
** object on the end of the array.
**
................................................................................
      sizeof(pList->a[0]),
      5,
      &pList->nId,
      &pList->nAlloc,
      &i
  );
  if( i<0 ){
    sqlite3IdListDelete(pList);
    return 0;
  }
  pList->a[i].zName = sqlite3NameFromToken(db, pToken);
  return pList;
}

/*
** Delete an IdList.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3IdListDelete(IdList *pList){
  int i;
  if( pList==0 ) return;
  for(i=0; i<pList->nId; i++){
    sqlite3_free(pList->a[i].zName);
  }
  sqlite3_free(pList->a);
  sqlite3_free(pList);
}

/*
** Return the index in pList of the identifier named zId.  Return -1
** if not found.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IdListIndex(IdList *pList, const char *zName){
................................................................................
  }
  if( pList->nSrc>=pList->nAlloc ){
    SrcList *pNew;
    pList->nAlloc *= 2;
    pNew = sqlite3DbRealloc(db, pList,
               sizeof(*pList) + (pList->nAlloc-1)*sizeof(pList->a[0]) );
    if( pNew==0 ){
      sqlite3SrcListDelete(pList);
      return 0;
    }
    pList = pNew;
  }
  pItem = &pList->a[pList->nSrc];
  memset(pItem, 0, sizeof(pList->a[0]));
  if( pDatabase && pDatabase->z==0 ){
................................................................................
    }
  }
}

/*
** Delete an entire SrcList including all its substructure.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SrcListDelete(SrcList *pList){
  int i;
  struct SrcList_item *pItem;
  if( pList==0 ) return;
  for(pItem=pList->a, i=0; i<pList->nSrc; i++, pItem++){
    sqlite3_free(pItem->zDatabase);
    sqlite3_free(pItem->zName);
    sqlite3_free(pItem->zAlias);
    sqlite3DeleteTable(pItem->pTab);
    sqlite3SelectDelete(pItem->pSelect);
    sqlite3ExprDelete(pItem->pOn);
    sqlite3IdListDelete(pItem->pUsing);
  }
  sqlite3_free(pList);
}

/*
** This routine is called by the parser to add a new term to the
** end of a growing FROM clause.  The "p" parameter is the part of
** the FROM clause that has already been constructed.  "p" is NULL
** if this is the first term of the FROM clause.  pTable and pDatabase
................................................................................
  Expr *pOn,              /* The ON clause of a join */
  IdList *pUsing          /* The USING clause of a join */
){
  struct SrcList_item *pItem;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  p = sqlite3SrcListAppend(db, p, pTable, pDatabase);
  if( p==0 || p->nSrc==0 ){
    sqlite3ExprDelete(pOn);
    sqlite3IdListDelete(pUsing);
    sqlite3SelectDelete(pSubquery);
    return p;
  }
  pItem = &p->a[p->nSrc-1];
  if( pAlias && pAlias->n ){
    pItem->zAlias = sqlite3NameFromToken(db, pAlias);
  }
  pItem->pSelect = pSubquery;
................................................................................
    assert( pName1->z );
    zColl = sqlite3NameFromToken(pParse->db, pName1);
    if( !zColl ) return;
    pColl = sqlite3FindCollSeq(db, ENC(db), zColl, -1, 0);
    if( pColl ){
      if( zColl ){
        reindexDatabases(pParse, zColl);
        sqlite3_free(zColl);
      }
      return;
    }
    sqlite3_free(zColl);
  }
  iDb = sqlite3TwoPartName(pParse, pName1, pName2, &pObjName);
  if( iDb<0 ) return;
  z = sqlite3NameFromToken(db, pObjName);
  if( z==0 ) return;
  zDb = db->aDb[iDb].zName;
  pTab = sqlite3FindTable(db, z, zDb);
  if( pTab ){
    reindexTable(pParse, pTab, 0);
    sqlite3_free(z);
    return;
  }
  pIndex = sqlite3FindIndex(db, z, zDb);
  sqlite3_free(z);
  if( pIndex ){
    sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 0, iDb);
    sqlite3RefillIndex(pParse, pIndex, -1);
    return;
  }
  sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "unable to identify the object to be reindexed");
}
................................................................................
#endif

/*
** Return a dynamicly allocated KeyInfo structure that can be used
** with OP_OpenRead or OP_OpenWrite to access database index pIdx.
**
** If successful, a pointer to the new structure is returned. In this case
** the caller is responsible for calling sqlite3_free() on the returned 
** pointer. If an error occurs (out of memory or missing collation 
** sequence), NULL is returned and the state of pParse updated to reflect
** the error.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE KeyInfo *sqlite3IndexKeyinfo(Parse *pParse, Index *pIdx){
  int i;
  int nCol = pIdx->nColumn;
  int nBytes = sizeof(KeyInfo) + (nCol-1)*sizeof(CollSeq*) + nCol;

  KeyInfo *pKey = (KeyInfo *)sqlite3DbMallocZero(pParse->db, nBytes);

  if( pKey ){
    pKey->db = pParse->db;
    pKey->aSortOrder = (u8 *)&(pKey->aColl[nCol]);
    assert( &pKey->aSortOrder[nCol]==&(((u8 *)pKey)[nBytes]) );
    for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
      char *zColl = pIdx->azColl[i];
................................................................................
      pKey->aColl[i] = sqlite3LocateCollSeq(pParse, zColl, -1);
      pKey->aSortOrder[i] = pIdx->aSortOrder[i];
    }
    pKey->nField = nCol;
  }

  if( pParse->nErr ){
    sqlite3_free(pKey);
    pKey = 0;
  }
  return pKey;
}

/************** End of build.c ***********************************************/
/************** Begin file callback.c ****************************************/
................................................................................
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
**
** This file contains functions used to access the internal hash tables
** of user defined functions and collation sequences.
**
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/


/*
** Invoke the 'collation needed' callback to request a collation sequence
** in the database text encoding of name zName, length nName.
** If the collation sequence
................................................................................
static void callCollNeeded(sqlite3 *db, const char *zName, int nName){
  assert( !db->xCollNeeded || !db->xCollNeeded16 );
  if( nName<0 ) nName = sqlite3Strlen(db, zName);
  if( db->xCollNeeded ){
    char *zExternal = sqlite3DbStrNDup(db, zName, nName);
    if( !zExternal ) return;
    db->xCollNeeded(db->pCollNeededArg, db, (int)ENC(db), zExternal);
    sqlite3_free(zExternal);
  }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
  if( db->xCollNeeded16 ){
    char const *zExternal;
    sqlite3_value *pTmp = sqlite3ValueNew(db);
    sqlite3ValueSetStr(pTmp, nName, zName, SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_STATIC);
    zExternal = sqlite3ValueText(pTmp, SQLITE_UTF16NATIVE);
................................................................................
      /* If a malloc() failure occured in sqlite3HashInsert(), it will 
      ** return the pColl pointer to be deleted (because it wasn't added
      ** to the hash table).
      */
      assert( pDel==0 || pDel==pColl );
      if( pDel!=0 ){
        db->mallocFailed = 1;
        sqlite3_free(pDel);
        pColl = 0;
      }
    }
  }
  return pColl;
}

................................................................................
    pBest->nArg = nArg;
    pBest->pNext = pFirst;
    pBest->iPrefEnc = enc;
    memcpy(pBest->zName, zName, nName);
    pBest->zName[nName] = 0;
    if( pBest==sqlite3HashInsert(&db->aFunc,pBest->zName,nName,(void*)pBest) ){
      db->mallocFailed = 1;
      sqlite3_free(pBest);
      return 0;
    }
  }

  if( pBest && (pBest->xStep || pBest->xFunc || createFlag) ){
    return pBest;
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** Free all resources held by the schema structure. The void* argument points
** at a Schema struct. This function does not call sqlite3_free() on the 
** pointer itself, it just cleans up subsiduary resources (i.e. the contents
** of the schema hash tables).
**
** The Schema.cache_size variable is not cleared.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SchemaFree(void *p){
  Hash temp1;
................................................................................

  temp1 = pSchema->tblHash;
  temp2 = pSchema->trigHash;
  sqlite3HashInit(&pSchema->trigHash, SQLITE_HASH_STRING, 0);
  sqlite3HashClear(&pSchema->aFKey);
  sqlite3HashClear(&pSchema->idxHash);
  for(pElem=sqliteHashFirst(&temp2); pElem; pElem=sqliteHashNext(pElem)){
    sqlite3DeleteTrigger((Trigger*)sqliteHashData(pElem));
  }
  sqlite3HashClear(&temp2);
  sqlite3HashInit(&pSchema->tblHash, SQLITE_HASH_STRING, 0);
  for(pElem=sqliteHashFirst(&temp1); pElem; pElem=sqliteHashNext(pElem)){
    Table *pTab = sqliteHashData(pElem);
    sqlite3DeleteTable(pTab);
  }
................................................................................
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains C code routines that are called by the parser
** in order to generate code for DELETE FROM statements.
**
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/

/*
** Look up every table that is named in pSrc.  If any table is not found,
** add an error message to pParse->zErrMsg and return NULL.  If all tables
** are found, return a pointer to the last table.
*/
................................................................................
    
    pWhere = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pWhere);
    pFrom = sqlite3SrcListAppendFromTerm(pParse, 0, 0, 0, 0, pDup, 0, 0);
    pDup = sqlite3SelectNew(pParse, 0, pFrom, pWhere, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0);
  }
  sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, SRT_EphemTab, iCur);
  sqlite3Select(pParse, pDup, &dest, 0, 0, 0);
  sqlite3SelectDelete(pDup);
}
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER) */


/*
** Generate code for a DELETE FROM statement.
**
................................................................................
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, memCnt, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "rows deleted", P4_STATIC);
  }

delete_from_cleanup:
  sqlite3AuthContextPop(&sContext);
  sqlite3SrcListDelete(pTabList);
  sqlite3ExprDelete(pWhere);
  return;
}

/*
** This routine generates VDBE code that causes a single row of a
** single table to be deleted.
**
................................................................................
** This file contains the C functions that implement various SQL
** functions of SQLite.  
**
** There is only one exported symbol in this file - the function
** sqliteRegisterBuildinFunctions() found at the bottom of the file.
** All other code has file scope.
**
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/


/*
** Return the collating function associated with a function.
*/
static CollSeq *sqlite3GetFuncCollSeq(sqlite3_context *context){
................................................................................
      zOut[j++] = zStr[i];
    }else{
      u8 *zOld;
      sqlite3 *db = sqlite3_context_db_handle(context);
      nOut += nRep - nPattern;
      if( nOut>=db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH] ){
        sqlite3_result_error_toobig(context);
        sqlite3_free(zOut);
        return;
      }
      zOld = zOut;
      zOut = sqlite3_realloc(zOut, (int)nOut);
      if( zOut==0 ){
        sqlite3_result_error_nomem(context);
        sqlite3_free(zOld);
        return;
      }
      memcpy(&zOut[j], zRep, nRep);
      j += nRep;
      i += nPattern-1;
    }
  }
................................................................................
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains C code routines that are called by the parser
** to handle INSERT statements in SQLite.
**
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/

/*
** Set P4 of the most recently inserted opcode to a column affinity
** string for index pIdx. A column affinity string has one character
** for each column in the table, according to the affinity of the column:
**
................................................................................
    ** The column affinity string will eventually be deleted by
    ** sqliteDeleteIndex() when the Index structure itself is cleaned
    ** up.
    */
    int n;
    Table *pTab = pIdx->pTable;
    sqlite3 *db = sqlite3VdbeDb(v);
    pIdx->zColAff = (char *)sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, pIdx->nColumn+2);
    if( !pIdx->zColAff ){

      return;
    }
    for(n=0; n<pIdx->nColumn; n++){
      pIdx->zColAff[n] = pTab->aCol[pIdx->aiColumn[n]].affinity;
    }
    pIdx->zColAff[n++] = SQLITE_AFF_NONE;
    pIdx->zColAff[n] = 0;
................................................................................
  ** sqlite3DeleteTable() when the Table structure itself is cleaned up.
  */
  if( !pTab->zColAff ){
    char *zColAff;
    int i;
    sqlite3 *db = sqlite3VdbeDb(v);

    zColAff = (char *)sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, pTab->nCol+1);
    if( !zColAff ){

      return;
    }

    for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
      zColAff[i] = pTab->aCol[i].affinity;
    }
    zColAff[pTab->nCol] = '\0';
................................................................................
  if( db->flags & SQLITE_CountRows && pParse->nested==0 && !pParse->trigStack ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, regRowCount, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "rows inserted", P4_STATIC);
  }

insert_cleanup:
  sqlite3SrcListDelete(pTabList);
  sqlite3ExprListDelete(pList);
  sqlite3SelectDelete(pSelect);
  sqlite3IdListDelete(pColumn);
  sqlite3_free(aRegIdx);
}

/*
** Generate code to do constraint checks prior to an INSERT or an UPDATE.
**
** The input is a range of consecutive registers as follows:
**
................................................................................
**
*************************************************************************
** Main file for the SQLite library.  The routines in this file
** implement the programmer interface to the library.  Routines in
** other files are for internal use by SQLite and should not be
** accessed by users of the library.
**
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/


/*
** Execute SQL code.  Return one of the SQLITE_ success/failure
** codes.  Also write an error message into memory obtained from
** malloc() and make *pzErrMsg point to that message.
................................................................................
            azCols = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, 2*nCol*sizeof(const char*) + 1);
            if( azCols==0 ){
              goto exec_out;
            }
          }
          for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
            azCols[i] = (char *)sqlite3_column_name(pStmt, i);
            if( !azCols[i] ){
              db->mallocFailed = 1;
              goto exec_out;
            }
          }
          nCallback++;
        }
        if( rc==SQLITE_ROW ){
          azVals = &azCols[nCol];
          for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
            azVals[i] = (char *)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, i);
................................................................................
          zSql = zLeftover;
          while( isspace((unsigned char)zSql[0]) ) zSql++;
        }
        break;
      }
    }

    sqlite3_free(azCols);
    azCols = 0;
  }

exec_out:
  if( pStmt ) sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
  if( azCols ) sqlite3_free(azCols);

  rc = sqlite3ApiExit(db, rc);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK && rc==sqlite3_errcode(db) && pzErrMsg ){
    int nErrMsg = 1 + strlen(sqlite3_errmsg(db));
    *pzErrMsg = sqlite3Malloc(nErrMsg);
    if( *pzErrMsg ){
      memcpy(*pzErrMsg, sqlite3_errmsg(db), nErrMsg);
................................................................................
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains code used to dynamically load extensions into
** the SQLite library.
**
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/

#ifndef SQLITE_CORE
  #define SQLITE_CORE 1  /* Disable the API redefinition in sqlite3ext.h */
#endif
/************** Include sqlite3ext.h in the middle of loadext.c **************/
/************** Begin file sqlite3ext.h **************************************/
................................................................................
*************************************************************************
** This header file defines the SQLite interface for use by
** shared libraries that want to be imported as extensions into
** an SQLite instance.  Shared libraries that intend to be loaded
** as extensions by SQLite should #include this file instead of 
** sqlite3.h.
**
** @(#) $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/
#ifndef _SQLITE3EXT_H_
#define _SQLITE3EXT_H_

typedef struct sqlite3_api_routines sqlite3_api_routines;

/*
................................................................................
** default entry point name (sqlite3_extension_init) is used.  Use
** of the default name is recommended.
**
** Return SQLITE_OK on success and SQLITE_ERROR if something goes wrong.
**
** If an error occurs and pzErrMsg is not 0, then fill *pzErrMsg with 
** error message text.  The calling function should free this memory
** by calling sqlite3_free().
*/
static int sqlite3LoadExtension(
  sqlite3 *db,          /* Load the extension into this database connection */
  const char *zFile,    /* Name of the shared library containing extension */
  const char *zProc,    /* Entry point.  Use "sqlite3_extension_init" if 0 */
  char **pzErrMsg       /* Put error message here if not 0 */
){
................................................................................
  if( handle==0 ){
    if( pzErrMsg ){
      char zErr[256];
      zErr[sizeof(zErr)-1] = '\0';
      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zErr)-1, zErr, 
          "unable to open shared library [%s]", zFile);
      sqlite3OsDlError(pVfs, sizeof(zErr)-1, zErr);
      *pzErrMsg = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, zErr);
    }
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  xInit = (int(*)(sqlite3*,char**,const sqlite3_api_routines*))
                   sqlite3OsDlSym(pVfs, handle, zProc);
  if( xInit==0 ){
    if( pzErrMsg ){
      char zErr[256];
      zErr[sizeof(zErr)-1] = '\0';
      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zErr)-1, zErr,
          "no entry point [%s] in shared library [%s]", zProc,zFile);
      sqlite3OsDlError(pVfs, sizeof(zErr)-1, zErr);
      *pzErrMsg = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, zErr);
      sqlite3OsDlClose(pVfs, handle);
    }
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }else if( xInit(db, &zErrmsg, &sqlite3Apis) ){
    if( pzErrMsg ){
      *pzErrMsg = sqlite3_mprintf("error during initialization: %s", zErrmsg);
    }
    sqlite3_free(zErrmsg);
    sqlite3OsDlClose(pVfs, handle);
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }

  /* Append the new shared library handle to the db->aExtension array. */
  db->nExtension++;
  aHandle = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(handle)*db->nExtension);
  if( aHandle==0 ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  if( db->nExtension>0 ){
    memcpy(aHandle, db->aExtension, sizeof(handle)*(db->nExtension-1));
  }
  sqlite3_free(db->aExtension);
  db->aExtension = aHandle;

  db->aExtension[db->nExtension-1] = handle;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_load_extension(
  sqlite3 *db,          /* Load the extension into this database connection */
  const char *zFile,    /* Name of the shared library containing extension */
  const char *zProc,    /* Entry point.  Use "sqlite3_extension_init" if 0 */
  char **pzErrMsg       /* Put error message here if not 0 */
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CloseExtensions(sqlite3 *db){
  int i;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(db->mutex) );
  for(i=0; i<db->nExtension; i++){
    sqlite3OsDlClose(db->pVfs, db->aExtension[i]);
  }
  sqlite3_free(db->aExtension);
}

/*
** Enable or disable extension loading.  Extension loading is disabled by
** default so as not to open security holes in older applications.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_enable_load_extension(sqlite3 *db, int onoff){
................................................................................
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains code used to implement the PRAGMA command.
**
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/

/* Ignore this whole file if pragmas are disabled
*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_PRAGMA) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_PARSER)

/*
................................................................................
       || (SQLITE_TEMP_STORE==1 && db->temp_store<=1)
       || (SQLITE_TEMP_STORE==2 && db->temp_store==1)
      ){
        invalidateTempStorage(pParse);
      }
      sqlite3_free(sqlite3_temp_directory);
      if( zRight[0] ){
        sqlite3_temp_directory = zRight;
        zRight = 0;
      }else{
        sqlite3_temp_directory = 0;
      }
    }
  }else

  /*
................................................................................
    if( db->autoCommit ){
      sqlite3BtreeSetSafetyLevel(pDb->pBt, pDb->safety_level,
                 (db->flags&SQLITE_FullFSync)!=0);
    }
#endif
  }
pragma_out:
  sqlite3_free(zLeft);
  sqlite3_free(zRight);
}

#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_PRAGMA || SQLITE_OMIT_PARSER */

/************** End of pragma.c **********************************************/
/************** Begin file prepare.c *****************************************/
/*
................................................................................
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains the implementation of the sqlite3_prepare()
** interface, and routines that contribute to loading the database schema
** from disk.
**
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/

/*
** Fill the InitData structure with an error message that indicates
** that the database is corrupt.
*/
static void corruptSchema(
................................................................................
  const char *zExtra   /* Error information */
){
  if( !pData->db->mallocFailed ){
    if( zObj==0 ) zObj = "?";
    sqlite3SetString(pData->pzErrMsg, pData->db,
       "malformed database schema (%s)", zObj);
    if( zExtra && zExtra[0] ){
      *pData->pzErrMsg = sqlite3MPrintf(pData->db, "%z - %s",
                                  *pData->pzErrMsg, zExtra);
    }
  }
  pData->rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT;
}

/*
................................................................................
    /* Call the parser to process a CREATE TABLE, INDEX or VIEW.
    ** But because db->init.busy is set to 1, no VDBE code is generated
    ** or executed.  All the parser does is build the internal data
    ** structures that describe the table, index, or view.
    */
    char *zErr;
    int rc;

    assert( db->init.busy );
    db->init.iDb = iDb;
    db->init.newTnum = atoi(argv[1]);


    rc = sqlite3_exec(db, argv[2], 0, 0, &zErr);
    db->init.iDb = 0;

    assert( rc!=SQLITE_OK || zErr==0 );
    if( SQLITE_OK!=rc ){
      pData->rc = rc;
      if( rc==SQLITE_NOMEM ){
        db->mallocFailed = 1;
      }else if( rc!=SQLITE_INTERRUPT ){
        corruptSchema(pData, argv[0], zErr);
      }
      sqlite3_free(zErr);
      return 1;
    }
  }else if( argv[0]==0 ){
    corruptSchema(pData, 0, 0);
  }else{
    /* If the SQL column is blank it means this is an index that
    ** was created to be the PRIMARY KEY or to fulfill a UNIQUE
................................................................................
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    goto error_out;
  }
  sqlite3BtreeEnter(pDb->pBt);
  rc = sqlite3BtreeCursor(pDb->pBt, MASTER_ROOT, 0, 0, curMain);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK && rc!=SQLITE_EMPTY ){
    sqlite3SetString(pzErrMsg, db, "%s", sqlite3ErrStr(rc));
    goto leave_error_out;
  }

  /* Get the database meta information.
  **
  ** Meta values are as follows:
  **    meta[0]   Schema cookie.  Changes with each schema change.
  **    meta[1]   File format of schema layer.
................................................................................
  **    meta[9]
  **
  ** Note: The #defined SQLITE_UTF* symbols in sqliteInt.h correspond to
  ** the possible values of meta[4].
  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    int i;
    for(i=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<sizeof(meta)/sizeof(meta[0]); i++){
      rc = sqlite3BtreeGetMeta(pDb->pBt, i+1, (u32 *)&meta[i]);
    }
    if( rc ){
      sqlite3SetString(pzErrMsg, db, "%s", sqlite3ErrStr(rc));
      goto leave_error_out;

    }
  }else{
    memset(meta, 0, sizeof(meta));
  }
  pDb->pSchema->schema_cookie = meta[0];

  /* If opening a non-empty database, check the text encoding. For the
................................................................................
      db->pDfltColl = sqlite3FindCollSeq(db, SQLITE_UTF8, "BINARY", 6, 0);
    }else{
      /* If opening an attached database, the encoding much match ENC(db) */
      if( meta[4]!=ENC(db) ){
        sqlite3SetString(pzErrMsg, db, "attached databases must use the same"
            " text encoding as main database");
        rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
        goto leave_error_out;
      }
    }
  }else{
    DbSetProperty(db, iDb, DB_Empty);
  }
  pDb->pSchema->enc = ENC(db);

................................................................................
  pDb->pSchema->file_format = meta[1];
  if( pDb->pSchema->file_format==0 ){
    pDb->pSchema->file_format = 1;
  }
  if( pDb->pSchema->file_format>SQLITE_MAX_FILE_FORMAT ){
    sqlite3SetString(pzErrMsg, db, "unsupported file format");
    rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
    goto leave_error_out;
  }

  /* Ticket #2804:  When we open a database in the newer file format,
  ** clear the legacy_file_format pragma flag so that a VACUUM will
  ** not downgrade the database and thus invalidate any descending
  ** indices that the user might have created.
  */
................................................................................
      rc = sqlite3_exec(db, zSql, sqlite3InitCallback, &initData, 0);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
      db->xAuth = xAuth;
    }
#endif
    if( rc==SQLITE_ABORT ) rc = initData.rc;
    (void)sqlite3SafetyOn(db);
    sqlite3_free(zSql);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_ANALYZE
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      sqlite3AnalysisLoad(db, iDb);
    }
#endif
  }
  if( db->mallocFailed ){
................................................................................
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }

  /* Jump here for an error that occurs after successfully allocating
  ** curMain and calling sqlite3BtreeEnter(). For an error that occurs
  ** before that point, jump to error_out.
  */
leave_error_out:
  sqlite3BtreeCloseCursor(curMain);
  sqlite3_free(curMain);
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(pDb->pBt);

error_out:
  if( rc==SQLITE_NOMEM || rc==SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM ){
    db->mallocFailed = 1;
................................................................................
      sqlite3Error(db, SQLITE_TOOBIG, "statement too long");
      (void)sqlite3SafetyOff(db);
      return sqlite3ApiExit(db, SQLITE_TOOBIG);
    }
    zSqlCopy = sqlite3DbStrNDup(db, zSql, nBytes);
    if( zSqlCopy ){
      sqlite3RunParser(&sParse, zSqlCopy, &zErrMsg);
      sqlite3_free(zSqlCopy);
      sParse.zTail = &zSql[sParse.zTail-zSqlCopy];
    }else{
      sParse.zTail = &zSql[nBytes];
    }
  }else{
    sqlite3RunParser(&sParse, zSql, &zErrMsg);
  }
................................................................................
    assert(!(*ppStmt));
  }else{
    *ppStmt = (sqlite3_stmt*)sParse.pVdbe;
  }

  if( zErrMsg ){
    sqlite3Error(db, rc, "%s", zErrMsg);
    sqlite3_free(zErrMsg);
  }else{
    sqlite3Error(db, rc, 0);
  }

  rc = sqlite3ApiExit(db, rc);
  assert( (rc&db->errMask)==rc );
  return rc;
................................................................................
    ** equivalent pointer into the UTF-16 string by counting the unicode
    ** characters between zSql8 and zTail8, and then returning a pointer
    ** the same number of characters into the UTF-16 string.
    */
    int chars_parsed = sqlite3Utf8CharLen(zSql8, zTail8-zSql8);
    *pzTail = (u8 *)zSql + sqlite3Utf16ByteLen(zSql, chars_parsed);
  }
  sqlite3_free(zSql8); 
  rc = sqlite3ApiExit(db, rc);
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Two versions of the official API.  Legacy and new use.  In the legacy
................................................................................
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains C code routines that are called by the parser
** to handle SELECT statements in SQLite.
**
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/


/*
** Delete all the content of a Select structure but do not deallocate
** the select structure itself.
*/
static void clearSelect(Select *p){
  sqlite3ExprListDelete(p->pEList);
  sqlite3SrcListDelete(p->pSrc);
  sqlite3ExprDelete(p->pWhere);
  sqlite3ExprListDelete(p->pGroupBy);
  sqlite3ExprDelete(p->pHaving);
  sqlite3ExprListDelete(p->pOrderBy);
  sqlite3SelectDelete(p->pPrior);
  sqlite3ExprDelete(p->pLimit);
  sqlite3ExprDelete(p->pOffset);
}

/*
** Initialize a SelectDest structure.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SelectDestInit(SelectDest *pDest, int eDest, int iParm){
  pDest->eDest = eDest;
................................................................................
  assert( pOffset==0 || pLimit!=0 );
  pNew->pLimit = pLimit;
  pNew->pOffset = pOffset;
  pNew->addrOpenEphm[0] = -1;
  pNew->addrOpenEphm[1] = -1;
  pNew->addrOpenEphm[2] = -1;
  if( pNew==&standin) {
    clearSelect(pNew);
    pNew = 0;
  }
  return pNew;
}

/*
** Delete the given Select structure and all of its substructures.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SelectDelete(Select *p){
  if( p ){
    clearSelect(p);
    sqlite3_free(p);
  }
}

/*
** Given 1 to 3 identifiers preceeding the JOIN keyword, determine the
** type of join.  Return an integer constant that expresses that type
** in terms of the following bit values:
................................................................................
  if( rc ){
    return 0;
  }
  pTab = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(Table) );
  if( pTab==0 ){
    return 0;
  }

  pTab->nRef = 1;
  pTab->zName = zTabName ? sqlite3DbStrDup(db, zTabName) : 0;
  pEList = pSelect->pEList;
  pTab->nCol = pEList->nExpr;
  assert( pTab->nCol>0 );
  pTab->aCol = aCol = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(pTab->aCol[0])*pTab->nCol);

  for(i=0, pCol=aCol; i<pTab->nCol; i++, pCol++){
    Expr *p;
    char *zType;
    char *zName;
    int nName;
    CollSeq *pColl;
    int cnt;
................................................................................
      int iCol = p->iColumn;
      if( iCol<0 ) iCol = p->pTab->iPKey;
      zName = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s", p->pTab->aCol[iCol].zName);
    }else{
      /* Use the original text of the column expression as its name */
      zName = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%T", &p->span);
    }
    if( !zName || db->mallocFailed ){
      db->mallocFailed = 1;
      sqlite3_free(zName);
      sqlite3DeleteTable(pTab);
      return 0;
    }
    sqlite3Dequote(zName);

    /* Make sure the column name is unique.  If the name is not unique,
    ** append a integer to the name so that it becomes unique.
    */
    nName = strlen(zName);
    for(j=cnt=0; j<i; j++){
      if( sqlite3StrICmp(aCol[j].zName, zName)==0 ){

        zName[nName] = 0;
        zName = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%z:%d", zName, ++cnt);


        j = -1;
        if( zName==0 ) break;
      }
    }
    pCol->zName = zName;

    /* Get the typename, type affinity, and collating sequence for the
................................................................................
    pCol->affinity = sqlite3ExprAffinity(p);
    pColl = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, p);
    if( pColl ){
      pCol->zColl = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pColl->zName);
    }
  }
  pTab->iPKey = -1;




  return pTab;
}

/*
** Prepare a SELECT statement for processing by doing the following
** things:
**
................................................................................
          if( zTName ){
            sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "no such table: %s", zTName);
          }else{
            sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "no tables specified");
          }
          rc = 1;
        }
        sqlite3_free(zTName);
      }
    }
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(pEList);
    p->pEList = pNew;
  }
#if SQLITE_MAX_COLUMN
  if( p->pEList && p->pEList->nExpr>db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_COLUMN] ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "too many columns in result set");
    rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
................................................................................
    char *zCol = sqlite3NameFromToken(db, &pE->token);
    if( zCol==0 ){
      return -1;
    }
    for(i=0; i<pEList->nExpr; i++){
      char *zAs = pEList->a[i].zName;
      if( zAs!=0 && sqlite3StrICmp(zAs, zCol)==0 ){
        sqlite3_free(zCol);
        return i+1;
      }
    }
    sqlite3_free(zCol);
  }

  /* Resolve all names in the ORDER BY term expression
  */
  memset(&nc, 0, sizeof(nc));
  nc.pParse = pParse;
  nc.pSrcList = pSelect->pSrc;
................................................................................
      if( iCol<0 ){
        return 1;
      }
    }
    if( iCol>0 ){
      CollSeq *pColl = pE->pColl;
      int flags = pE->flags & EP_ExpCollate;
      sqlite3ExprDelete(pE);
      pE = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pEList->a[iCol-1].pExpr);
      pOrderBy->a[i].pExpr = pE;
      if( pE && pColl && flags ){
        pE->pColl = pColl;
        pE->flags |= flags;
      }
    }
................................................................................
        }
      }else{
        pDup = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pE);
        if( !db->mallocFailed ){
          assert(pDup);
          iCol = matchOrderByTermToExprList(pParse, pSelect, pDup, i+1, 1, 0);
        }
        sqlite3ExprDelete(pDup);
        if( iCol<0 ){
          return 1;
        }
      }
      if( iCol>0 ){
        pE->op = TK_INTEGER;
        pE->flags |= EP_IntValue;
................................................................................
  SelectDest *pDest     /* What to do with query results */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;   /* Success code from a subroutine */
  Select *pPrior;       /* Another SELECT immediately to our left */
  Vdbe *v;              /* Generate code to this VDBE */
  SelectDest dest;      /* Alternative data destination */
  Select *pDelete = 0;  /* Chain of simple selects to delete */


  /* Make sure there is no ORDER BY or LIMIT clause on prior SELECTs.  Only
  ** the last (right-most) SELECT in the series may have an ORDER BY or LIMIT.
  */
  if( p==0 || p->pPrior==0 ){
    rc = 1;
    goto multi_select_end;
  }
  pPrior = p->pPrior;
  assert( pPrior->pRightmost!=pPrior );
  assert( pPrior->pRightmost==p->pRightmost );
  if( pPrior->pOrderBy ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse,"ORDER BY clause should come after %s not before",
      selectOpName(p->op));
    rc = 1;
................................................................................
  if( pPrior->pLimit ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse,"LIMIT clause should come after %s not before",
      selectOpName(p->op));
    rc = 1;
    goto multi_select_end;
  }

  /* Make sure we have a valid query engine.  If not, create a new one.
  */
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v==0 ){
    rc = 1;
    goto multi_select_end;
  }


  /* Create the destination temporary table if necessary
  */
  dest = *pDest;
  if( dest.eDest==SRT_EphemTab ){
    assert( p->pEList );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_OpenEphemeral, dest.iParm, p->pEList->nExpr);
................................................................................
      rc = sqlite3Select(pParse, pPrior, &uniondest, 0, 0, 0);
      if( rc ){
        goto multi_select_end;
      }

      /* Code the current SELECT statement
      */
      switch( p->op ){
         case TK_EXCEPT:  op = SRT_Except;   break;


         case TK_UNION:   op = SRT_Union;    break;
         case TK_ALL:     op = SRT_Table;    break;
      }
      p->pPrior = 0;
      p->disallowOrderBy = 0;
      pLimit = p->pLimit;
      p->pLimit = 0;
      pOffset = p->pOffset;
      p->pOffset = 0;
      uniondest.eDest = op;
      rc = sqlite3Select(pParse, p, &uniondest, 0, 0, 0);
      /* Query flattening in sqlite3Select() might refill p->pOrderBy.
      ** Be sure to delete p->pOrderBy, therefore, to avoid a memory leak. */
      sqlite3ExprListDelete(p->pOrderBy);
      pDelete = p->pPrior;
      p->pPrior = pPrior;
      p->pOrderBy = 0;
      sqlite3ExprDelete(p->pLimit);
      p->pLimit = pLimit;
      p->pOffset = pOffset;
      p->iLimit = 0;
      p->iOffset = 0;
      if( rc ){
        goto multi_select_end;
      }
................................................................................
      p->pLimit = 0;
      pOffset = p->pOffset;
      p->pOffset = 0;
      intersectdest.iParm = tab2;
      rc = sqlite3Select(pParse, p, &intersectdest, 0, 0, 0);
      pDelete = p->pPrior;
      p->pPrior = pPrior;
      sqlite3ExprDelete(p->pLimit);
      p->pLimit = pLimit;
      p->pOffset = pOffset;
      if( rc ){
        goto multi_select_end;
      }

      /* Generate code to take the intersection of the two temporary
................................................................................
    KeyInfo *pKeyInfo;            /* Collating sequence for the result set */
    Select *pLoop;                /* For looping through SELECT statements */
    CollSeq **apColl;             /* For looping through pKeyInfo->aColl[] */
    int nCol;                     /* Number of columns in result set */

    assert( p->pRightmost==p );
    nCol = p->pEList->nExpr;
    pKeyInfo = sqlite3DbMallocZero(pParse->db,
                       sizeof(*pKeyInfo)+nCol*(sizeof(CollSeq*) + 1));
    if( !pKeyInfo ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
      goto multi_select_end;
    }

    pKeyInfo->enc = ENC(pParse->db);
    pKeyInfo->nField = nCol;

    for(i=0, apColl=pKeyInfo->aColl; i<nCol; i++, apColl++){
      *apColl = multiSelectCollSeq(pParse, p, i);
      if( 0==*apColl ){
        *apColl = pParse->db->pDfltColl;
      }
    }

    for(pLoop=p; pLoop; pLoop=pLoop->pPrior){
      for(i=0; i<2; i++){
        int addr = pLoop->addrOpenEphm[i];
        if( addr<0 ){
................................................................................
          break;
        }
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(v, addr, nCol);
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, addr, (char*)pKeyInfo, P4_KEYINFO);
        pLoop->addrOpenEphm[i] = -1;
      }
    }
    sqlite3_free(pKeyInfo);
  }

multi_select_end:
  pDest->iMem = dest.iMem;
  pDest->nMem = dest.nMem;
  sqlite3SelectDelete(pDelete);
  return rc;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT */

/*
** Code an output subroutine for a coroutine implementation of a
** SELECT statment.
................................................................................
**     End: ...
**
** We call AltB, AeqB, AgtB, EofA, and EofB "subroutines" but they are not
** actually called using Gosub and they do not Return.  EofA and EofB loop
** until all data is exhausted then jump to the "end" labe.  AltB, AeqB,
** and AgtB jump to either L2 or to one of EofA or EofB.
*/

static int multiSelectOrderBy(
  Parse *pParse,        /* Parsing context */
  Select *p,            /* The right-most of SELECTs to be coded */
  SelectDest *pDest     /* What to do with query results */
){
  int i, j;             /* Loop counters */
  Select *pPrior;       /* Another SELECT immediately to our left */
................................................................................
    regLimitB = ++pParse->nMem;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Copy, p->iOffset ? p->iOffset+1 : p->iLimit,
                                  regLimitA);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Copy, regLimitA, regLimitB);
  }else{
    regLimitA = regLimitB = 0;
  }
  sqlite3ExprDelete(p->pLimit);
  p->pLimit = 0;
  sqlite3ExprDelete(p->pOffset);
  p->pOffset = 0;

  regAddrA = ++pParse->nMem;
  regEofA = ++pParse->nMem;
  regAddrB = ++pParse->nMem;
  regEofB = ++pParse->nMem;
  regOutA = ++pParse->nMem;
................................................................................
    while( pFirst->pPrior ) pFirst = pFirst->pPrior;
    generateColumnNames(pParse, 0, pFirst->pEList);
  }

  /* Reassembly the compound query so that it will be freed correctly
  ** by the calling function */
  if( p->pPrior ){
    sqlite3SelectDelete(p->pPrior);
  }
  p->pPrior = pPrior;

  /*** TBD:  Insert subroutine calls to close cursors on incomplete
  **** subqueries ****/
  return SQLITE_OK;
}


#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW

/* Forward Declarations */
static void substExprList(sqlite3*, ExprList*, int, ExprList*);
static void substSelect(sqlite3*, Select *, int, ExprList *);

/*
** Scan through the expression pExpr.  Replace every reference to
** a column in table number iTable with a copy of the iColumn-th
................................................................................
  substExprList(db, p->pEList, iTable, pEList);
  substExprList(db, p->pGroupBy, iTable, pEList);
  substExprList(db, p->pOrderBy, iTable, pEList);
  substExpr(db, p->pHaving, iTable, pEList);
  substExpr(db, p->pWhere, iTable, pEList);
  substSelect(db, p->pPrior, iTable, pEList);
}
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW
/*
** This routine attempts to flatten subqueries in order to speed
** execution.  It returns 1 if it makes changes and 0 if no flattening
** occurs.
**
** To understand the concept of flattening, consider the following
** query:
................................................................................
    ** elements we are now copying in.
    */
    if( pSrc ){
      pSubitem = &pSrc->a[iFrom];
      nSubSrc = pSubSrc->nSrc;
      jointype = pSubitem->jointype;
      sqlite3DeleteTable(pSubitem->pTab);
      sqlite3_free(pSubitem->zDatabase);
      sqlite3_free(pSubitem->zName);
      sqlite3_free(pSubitem->zAlias);
      pSubitem->pTab = 0;
      pSubitem->zDatabase = 0;
      pSubitem->zName = 0;
      pSubitem->zAlias = 0;
    }
    if( nSubSrc!=1 || !pSrc ){
      int extra = nSubSrc - 1;
................................................................................
      pSub->pLimit = 0;
    }
  }

  /* Finially, delete what is left of the subquery and return
  ** success.
  */
  sqlite3SelectDelete(pSub1);

  return 1;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW */

/*
** Analyze the SELECT statement passed as an argument to see if it
** is a min() or max() query. Return WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN or WHERE_ORDERBY_MAX if 
** it is, or 0 otherwise. At present, a query is considered to be
** a min()/max() query if:
**
................................................................................
  }
  for(i=0, pC=pAggInfo->aCol; i<pAggInfo->nAccumulator; i++, pC++){
    sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pC->pExpr, pC->iMem);
  }
  pAggInfo->directMode = 0;
}

#if 0
/*
** This function is used when a SELECT statement is used to create a
** temporary table for iterating through when running an INSTEAD OF
** UPDATE or INSTEAD OF DELETE trigger. 
**
** If possible, the SELECT statement is modified so that NULL values
** are stored in the temporary table for all columns for which the 
** corresponding bit in argument mask is not set. If mask takes the
** special value 0xffffffff, then all columns are populated.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SelectMask(Parse *pParse, Select *p, u32 mask){
  if( p && !p->pPrior && !p->isDistinct && mask!=0xffffffff ){
    ExprList *pEList;
    int i;
    sqlite3SelectResolve(pParse, p, 0);
    pEList = p->pEList;
    for(i=0; pEList && i<pEList->nExpr && i<32; i++){
      if( !(mask&((u32)1<<i)) ){
        sqlite3ExprDelete(pEList->a[i].pExpr);
        pEList->a[i].pExpr = sqlite3Expr(pParse->db, TK_NULL, 0, 0, 0);
      }
    }
  }
}
#endif

/*
** Generate code for the given SELECT statement.
**
** The results are distributed in various ways depending on the
** contents of the SelectDest structure pointed to by argument pDest
** as follows:
**
................................................................................
        sqlite3ExprCodeExprList(pParse, pGroupBy, regBase, 0);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Sequence, sAggInfo.sortingIdx,regBase+nGroupBy);
        j = nGroupBy+1;
        for(i=0; i<sAggInfo.nColumn; i++){
          struct AggInfo_col *pCol = &sAggInfo.aCol[i];
          if( pCol->iSorterColumn>=j ){
            int r1 = j + regBase;



            int r2 = sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumn(pParse, 
                               pCol->pTab, pCol->iColumn, pCol->iTable, r1, 0);
            if( r1!=r2 ){
              sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SCopy, r2, r1);
            }
            j++;








          }
        }
        regRecord = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regBase, nCol, regRecord);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxInsert, sAggInfo.sortingIdx, regRecord);
        sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regRecord);
        sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, regBase, nCol);
................................................................................
      /* This case runs if the aggregate has no GROUP BY clause.  The
      ** processing is much simpler since there is only a single row
      ** of output.
      */
      resetAccumulator(pParse, &sAggInfo);
      pWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, pTabList, pWhere, &pMinMax, flag);
      if( pWInfo==0 ){
        sqlite3ExprListDelete(pDel);
        goto select_end;
      }
      updateAccumulator(pParse, &sAggInfo);
      if( !pMinMax && flag ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, pWInfo->iBreak);
        VdbeComment((v, "%s() by index",(flag==WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN?"min":"max")));
      }
................................................................................
      pOrderBy = 0;
      if( pHaving ){
        sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pHaving, addrEnd, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
      }
      selectInnerLoop(pParse, p, p->pEList, 0, 0, 0, -1, 
                      pDest, addrEnd, addrEnd);

      sqlite3ExprListDelete(pDel);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrEnd);
    
  } /* endif aggregate query */

  /* If there is an ORDER BY clause, then we need to sort the results
  ** and send them to the callback one by one.
................................................................................
  /* Identify column names if we will be using them in a callback.  This
  ** step is skipped if the output is going to some other destination.
  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pDest->eDest==SRT_Callback ){
    generateColumnNames(pParse, pTabList, pEList);
  }

  sqlite3_free(sAggInfo.aCol);
  sqlite3_free(sAggInfo.aFunc);
  return rc;
}

#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
/*
*******************************************************************************
** The following code is used for testing and debugging only.  The code
................................................................................
** This file contains the sqlite3_get_table() and sqlite3_free_table()
** interface routines.  These are just wrappers around the main
** interface routine of sqlite3_exec().
**
** These routines are in a separate files so that they will not be linked
** if they are not used.
**
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_GET_TABLE

/*
** This structure is used to pass data from sqlite3_get_table() through
** to the callback function is uses to build the result.
................................................................................
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
**
**
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
/*
** Delete a linked list of TriggerStep structures.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DeleteTriggerStep(TriggerStep *pTriggerStep){
  while( pTriggerStep ){
    TriggerStep * pTmp = pTriggerStep;
    pTriggerStep = pTriggerStep->pNext;

    if( pTmp->target.dyn ) sqlite3_free((char*)pTmp->target.z);
    sqlite3ExprDelete(pTmp->pWhere);
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(pTmp->pExprList);
    sqlite3SelectDelete(pTmp->pSelect);
    sqlite3IdListDelete(pTmp->pIdList);

    sqlite3_free(pTmp);
  }
}

/*
** This is called by the parser when it sees a CREATE TRIGGER statement
** up to the point of the BEGIN before the trigger actions.  A Trigger
** structure is generated based on the information available and stored
................................................................................
  pTrigger->pWhen = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pWhen);
  pTrigger->pColumns = sqlite3IdListDup(db, pColumns);
  sqlite3TokenCopy(db, &pTrigger->nameToken,pName);
  assert( pParse->pNewTrigger==0 );
  pParse->pNewTrigger = pTrigger;

trigger_cleanup:
  sqlite3_free(zName);
  sqlite3SrcListDelete(pTableName);
  sqlite3IdListDelete(pColumns);
  sqlite3ExprDelete(pWhen);
  if( !pParse->pNewTrigger ){
    sqlite3DeleteTrigger(pTrigger);
  }else{
    assert( pParse->pNewTrigger==pTrigger );
  }
}

/*
** This routine is called after all of the trigger actions have been parsed
................................................................................
    if( v==0 ) goto triggerfinish_cleanup;
    sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 0, iDb);
    z = sqlite3DbStrNDup(db, (char*)pAll->z, pAll->n);
    sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
       "INSERT INTO %Q.%s VALUES('trigger',%Q,%Q,0,'CREATE TRIGGER %q')",
       db->aDb[iDb].zName, SCHEMA_TABLE(iDb), pTrig->name,
       pTrig->table, z);
    sqlite3_free(z);
    sqlite3ChangeCookie(pParse, iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_ParseSchema, iDb, 0, 0, sqlite3MPrintf(
        db, "type='trigger' AND name='%q'", pTrig->name), P4_DYNAMIC
    );
  }

  if( db->init.busy ){
................................................................................
    assert( pTab!=0 );
    pTrig->pNext = pTab->pTrigger;
    pTab->pTrigger = pTrig;
    pTrig = 0;
  }

triggerfinish_cleanup:
  sqlite3DeleteTrigger(pTrig);
  assert( !pParse->pNewTrigger );
  sqlite3DeleteTriggerStep(pStepList);
}

/*
** Make a copy of all components of the given trigger step.  This has
** the effect of copying all Expr.token.z values into memory obtained
** from sqlite3_malloc().  As initially created, the Expr.token.z values
** all point to the input string that was fed to the parser.  But that
................................................................................
static void sqlitePersistTriggerStep(sqlite3 *db, TriggerStep *p){
  if( p->target.z ){
    p->target.z = (u8*)sqlite3DbStrNDup(db, (char*)p->target.z, p->target.n);
    p->target.dyn = 1;
  }
  if( p->pSelect ){
    Select *pNew = sqlite3SelectDup(db, p->pSelect);
    sqlite3SelectDelete(p->pSelect);
    p->pSelect = pNew;
  }
  if( p->pWhere ){
    Expr *pNew = sqlite3ExprDup(db, p->pWhere);
    sqlite3ExprDelete(p->pWhere);
    p->pWhere = pNew;
  }
  if( p->pExprList ){
    ExprList *pNew = sqlite3ExprListDup(db, p->pExprList);
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(p->pExprList);
    p->pExprList = pNew;
  }
  if( p->pIdList ){
    IdList *pNew = sqlite3IdListDup(db, p->pIdList);
    sqlite3IdListDelete(p->pIdList);
    p->pIdList = pNew;
  }
}

/*
** Turn a SELECT statement (that the pSelect parameter points to) into
** a trigger step.  Return a pointer to a TriggerStep structure.
................................................................................
**
** The parser calls this routine when it finds a SELECT statement in
** body of a TRIGGER.  
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE TriggerStep *sqlite3TriggerSelectStep(sqlite3 *db, Select *pSelect){
  TriggerStep *pTriggerStep = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(TriggerStep));
  if( pTriggerStep==0 ) {
    sqlite3SelectDelete(pSelect);
    return 0;
  }

  pTriggerStep->op = TK_SELECT;
  pTriggerStep->pSelect = pSelect;
  pTriggerStep->orconf = OE_Default;
  sqlitePersistTriggerStep(db, pTriggerStep);
................................................................................
    pTriggerStep->pSelect = pSelect;
    pTriggerStep->target  = *pTableName;
    pTriggerStep->pIdList = pColumn;
    pTriggerStep->pExprList = pEList;
    pTriggerStep->orconf = orconf;
    sqlitePersistTriggerStep(db, pTriggerStep);
  }else{
    sqlite3IdListDelete(pColumn);
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(pEList);
    sqlite3SelectDelete(pSelect);
  }

  return pTriggerStep;
}

/*
** Construct a trigger step that implements an UPDATE statement and return
................................................................................
  Token *pTableName,   /* Name of the table to be updated */
  ExprList *pEList,    /* The SET clause: list of column and new values */
  Expr *pWhere,        /* The WHERE clause */
  int orconf           /* The conflict algorithm. (OE_Abort, OE_Ignore, etc) */
){
  TriggerStep *pTriggerStep = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(TriggerStep));
  if( pTriggerStep==0 ){
     sqlite3ExprListDelete(pEList);
     sqlite3ExprDelete(pWhere);
     return 0;
  }

  pTriggerStep->op = TK_UPDATE;
  pTriggerStep->target  = *pTableName;
  pTriggerStep->pExprList = pEList;
  pTriggerStep->pWhere = pWhere;
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE TriggerStep *sqlite3TriggerDeleteStep(
  sqlite3 *db,            /* Database connection */
  Token *pTableName,      /* The table from which rows are deleted */
  Expr *pWhere            /* The WHERE clause */
){
  TriggerStep *pTriggerStep = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(TriggerStep));
  if( pTriggerStep==0 ){
    sqlite3ExprDelete(pWhere);
    return 0;
  }

  pTriggerStep->op = TK_DELETE;
  pTriggerStep->target  = *pTableName;
  pTriggerStep->pWhere = pWhere;
  pTriggerStep->orconf = OE_Default;
................................................................................

  return pTriggerStep;
}

/* 
** Recursively delete a Trigger structure
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DeleteTrigger(Trigger *pTrigger){
  if( pTrigger==0 ) return;
  sqlite3DeleteTriggerStep(pTrigger->step_list);
  sqlite3_free(pTrigger->name);
  sqlite3_free(pTrigger->table);
  sqlite3ExprDelete(pTrigger->pWhen);
  sqlite3IdListDelete(pTrigger->pColumns);
  if( pTrigger->nameToken.dyn ) sqlite3_free((char*)pTrigger->nameToken.z);
  sqlite3_free(pTrigger);
}

/*
** This function is called to drop a trigger from the database schema. 
**
** This may be called directly from the parser and therefore identifies
** the trigger by name.  The sqlite3DropTriggerPtr() routine does the
................................................................................
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "no such trigger: %S", pName, 0);
    }
    goto drop_trigger_cleanup;
  }
  sqlite3DropTriggerPtr(pParse, pTrigger);

drop_trigger_cleanup:
  sqlite3SrcListDelete(pName);
}

/*
** Return a pointer to the Table structure for the table that a trigger
** is set on.
*/
static Table *tableOfTrigger(Trigger *pTrigger){
................................................................................
          cc->pNext = cc->pNext->pNext;
          break;
        }
        cc = cc->pNext;
      }
      assert(cc);
    }
    sqlite3DeleteTrigger(pTrigger);
    db->flags |= SQLITE_InternChanges;
  }
}

/*
** pEList is the SET clause of an UPDATE statement.  Each entry
** in pEList is of the format <id>=<expr>.  If any of the entries
................................................................................
        Select *ss = sqlite3SelectDup(db, pTriggerStep->pSelect);
        if( ss ){
          SelectDest dest;

          sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, SRT_Discard, 0);
          sqlite3SelectResolve(pParse, ss, 0);
          sqlite3Select(pParse, ss, &dest, 0, 0, 0);
          sqlite3SelectDelete(ss);
        }
        break;
      }
      case TK_UPDATE: {
        SrcList *pSrc;
        pSrc = targetSrcList(pParse, pTriggerStep);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResetCount, 0, 0);
................................................................................
      sqlite3AuthContextPush(pParse, &sContext, p->name);

      /* code the WHEN clause */
      endTrigger = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(pParse->pVdbe);
      whenExpr = sqlite3ExprDup(db, p->pWhen);
      if( db->mallocFailed || sqlite3ExprResolveNames(&sNC, whenExpr) ){
        pParse->trigStack = trigStackEntry.pNext;
        sqlite3ExprDelete(whenExpr);
        return 1;
      }
      sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, whenExpr, endTrigger, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
      sqlite3ExprDelete(whenExpr);

      codeTriggerProgram(pParse, p->step_list, orconf); 

      /* Pop the entry off the trigger stack */
      pParse->trigStack = trigStackEntry.pNext;
      sqlite3AuthContextPop(&sContext);

................................................................................
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains C code routines that are called by the parser
** to handle UPDATE statements.
**
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
/* Forward declaration */
static void updateVirtualTable(
  Parse *pParse,       /* The parsing context */
  SrcList *pSrc,       /* The virtual table to be modified */
................................................................................
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, regRowCount, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "rows updated", P4_STATIC);
  }

update_cleanup:
  sqlite3AuthContextPop(&sContext);
  sqlite3_free(aRegIdx);
  sqlite3_free(aXRef);
  sqlite3SrcListDelete(pTabList);
  sqlite3ExprListDelete(pChanges);
  sqlite3ExprDelete(pWhere);
  return;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
/*
** Generate code for an UPDATE of a virtual table.
**
................................................................................
  sqlite3VtabMakeWritable(pParse, pTab);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_VUpdate, 0, pTab->nCol+2, iReg, pVtab, P4_VTAB);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, ephemTab, addr);
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr-1);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, ephemTab, 0);

  /* Cleanup */
  sqlite3SelectDelete(pSelect);  
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

/* Make sure "isView" gets undefined in case this file becomes part of
** the amalgamation - so that subsequent files do not see isView as a
** macro. */
#undef isView
................................................................................
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains code used to implement the VACUUM command.
**
** Most of the code in this file may be omitted by defining the
** SQLITE_OMIT_VACUUM macro.
**
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VACUUM) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_ATTACH)
/*
** Execute zSql on database db. Return an error code.
*/
static int execSql(sqlite3 *db, const char *zSql){
................................................................................
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains code used to help implement virtual tables.
**
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE

static int createModule(
  sqlite3 *db,                    /* Database in which module is registered */
  const char *zName,              /* Name assigned to this module */
  const sqlite3_module *pModule,  /* The definition of the module */
................................................................................
    pMod->pModule = pModule;
    pMod->pAux = pAux;
    pMod->xDestroy = xDestroy;
    pDel = (Module *)sqlite3HashInsert(&db->aModule, zCopy, nName, (void*)pMod);
    if( pDel && pDel->xDestroy ){
      pDel->xDestroy(pDel->pAux);
    }
    sqlite3_free(pDel);
    if( pDel==pMod ){
      db->mallocFailed = 1;
    }
    sqlite3ResetInternalSchema(db, 0);
  }
  rc = sqlite3ApiExit(db, SQLITE_OK);
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
................................................................................
/*
** Clear any and all virtual-table information from the Table record.
** This routine is called, for example, just before deleting the Table
** record.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VtabClear(Table *p){
  sqlite3_vtab *pVtab = p->pVtab;

  if( pVtab ){
    assert( p->pMod && p->pMod->pModule );
    sqlite3VtabUnlock(p->pSchema->db, pVtab);
    p->pVtab = 0;
  }
  if( p->azModuleArg ){
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<p->nModuleArg; i++){
      sqlite3_free(p->azModuleArg[i]);
    }
    sqlite3_free(p->azModuleArg);
  }
}

/*
** Add a new module argument to pTable->azModuleArg[].
** The string is not copied - the pointer is stored.  The
** string will be freed automatically when the table is
................................................................................
  int i = pTable->nModuleArg++;
  int nBytes = sizeof(char *)*(1+pTable->nModuleArg);
  char **azModuleArg;
  azModuleArg = sqlite3DbRealloc(db, pTable->azModuleArg, nBytes);
  if( azModuleArg==0 ){
    int j;
    for(j=0; j<i; j++){
      sqlite3_free(pTable->azModuleArg[j]);
    }
    sqlite3_free(zArg);
    sqlite3_free(pTable->azModuleArg);
    pTable->nModuleArg = 0;
  }else{
    azModuleArg[i] = zArg;
    azModuleArg[i+1] = 0;
  }
  pTable->azModuleArg = azModuleArg;
}
................................................................................
       "WHERE rowid=#%d",
      db->aDb[iDb].zName, SCHEMA_TABLE(iDb),
      pTab->zName,
      pTab->zName,
      zStmt,
      pParse->regRowid
    );
    sqlite3_free(zStmt);
    v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
    sqlite3ChangeCookie(pParse, iDb);

    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Expire, 0, 0);
    zWhere = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "name='%q'", pTab->zName);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_ParseSchema, iDb, 1, 0, zWhere, P4_DYNAMIC);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_VCreate, iDb, 0, 0, 
................................................................................
  }

  if( SQLITE_OK!=rc ){
    if( zErr==0 ){
      *pzErr = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "vtable constructor failed: %s", zModuleName);
    }else {
      *pzErr = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s", zErr);
      sqlite3_free(zErr);
    }
  }else if( db->pVTab ){
    const char *zFormat = "vtable constructor did not declare schema: %s";
    *pzErr = sqlite3MPrintf(db, zFormat, pTab->zName);
    rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
  } 
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = rc2;
  }
  db->pVTab = 0;
  sqlite3_free(zModuleName);

  /* If everything went according to plan, loop through the columns
  ** of the table to see if any of them contain the token "hidden".
  ** If so, set the Column.isHidden flag and remove the token from
  ** the type string.
  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
................................................................................
  } else {
    char *zErr = 0;
    sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
    rc = vtabCallConstructor(db, pTab, pMod, pMod->pModule->xConnect, &zErr);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "%s", zErr);
    }
    sqlite3_free(zErr);
  }

  return rc;
}

/*
** Add the virtual table pVtab to the array sqlite3.aVTrans[].
................................................................................

/*
** This function is invoked by the vdbe to call the xCreate method
** of the virtual table named zTab in database iDb. 
**
** If an error occurs, *pzErr is set to point an an English language
** description of the error and an SQLITE_XXX error code is returned.
** In this case the caller must call sqlite3_free() on *pzErr.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VtabCallCreate(sqlite3 *db, int iDb, const char *zTab, char **pzErr){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  Table *pTab;
  Module *pMod;
  const char *zModule;

................................................................................
    pTab->aCol = sParse.pNewTable->aCol;
    pTab->nCol = sParse.pNewTable->nCol;
    sParse.pNewTable->nCol = 0;
    sParse.pNewTable->aCol = 0;
    db->pVTab = 0;
  } else {
    sqlite3Error(db, SQLITE_ERROR, zErr);
    sqlite3_free(zErr);
    rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  sParse.declareVtab = 0;

  sqlite3_finalize((sqlite3_stmt*)sParse.pVdbe);
  sqlite3DeleteTable(sParse.pNewTable);
  sParse.pNewTable = 0;
................................................................................
    for(i=0; i<db->nVTrans && db->aVTrans[i]; i++){
      sqlite3_vtab *pVtab = db->aVTrans[i];
      int (*x)(sqlite3_vtab *);
      x = *(int (**)(sqlite3_vtab *))((char *)pVtab->pModule + offset);
      if( x ) x(pVtab);
      sqlite3VtabUnlock(db, pVtab);
    }
    sqlite3_free(db->aVTrans);
    db->nVTrans = 0;
    db->aVTrans = 0;
  }
}

/*
** If argument rc2 is not SQLITE_OK, then return it and do nothing. 
** Otherwise, invoke the xSync method of all virtual tables in the 
** sqlite3.aVTrans array. Return the error code for the first error 
** that occurs, or SQLITE_OK if all xSync operations are successful.



*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VtabSync(sqlite3 *db, int rc2){
  int i;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  int rcsafety;
  sqlite3_vtab **aVTrans = db->aVTrans;
  if( rc2!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc2;

  rc = sqlite3SafetyOff(db);
  db->aVTrans = 0;
  for(i=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<db->nVTrans && aVTrans[i]; i++){
    sqlite3_vtab *pVtab = aVTrans[i];
    int (*x)(sqlite3_vtab *);
    x = pVtab->pModule->xSync;
    if( x ){
      rc = x(pVtab);



    }
  }
  db->aVTrans = aVTrans;
  rcsafety = sqlite3SafetyOn(db);

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = rcsafety;
................................................................................
      if( db->aVTrans[i]==pVtab ){
        return SQLITE_OK;
      }
    }

    /* Invoke the xBegin method */
    rc = pModule->xBegin(pVtab);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      return rc;
    }

    rc = addToVTrans(db, pVtab);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** The first parameter (pDef) is a function implementation.  The
** second parameter (pExpr) is the first argument to this function.
................................................................................
  */
  zLowerName = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pDef->zName);
  if( zLowerName ){
    for(z=(unsigned char*)zLowerName; *z; z++){
      *z = sqlite3UpperToLower[*z];
    }
    rc = pMod->xFindFunction(pVtab, nArg, zLowerName, &xFunc, &pArg);
    sqlite3_free(zLowerName);





  }
  if( rc==0 ){
    return pDef;
  }

  /* Create a new ephemeral function definition for the overloaded
  ** function */
................................................................................
** This module contains C code that generates VDBE code used to process
** the WHERE clause of SQL statements.  This module is responsible for
** generating the code that loops through a table looking for applicable
** rows.  Indices are selected and used to speed the search when doing
** so is applicable.  Because this module is responsible for selecting
** indices, you might also think of this module as the "query optimizer".
**
** $Id: sqlite3.c,v 1.8 2008/07/16 23:42:28 rmsimpson Exp $
*/

/*
** The number of bits in a Bitmask.  "BMS" means "BitMask Size".
*/
#define BMS  (sizeof(Bitmask)*8)

................................................................................
  Bitmask prereqRight;    /* Bitmask of tables used by pRight */
  Bitmask prereqAll;      /* Bitmask of tables referenced by p */
};

/*
** Allowed values of WhereTerm.flags
*/
#define TERM_DYNAMIC    0x01   /* Need to call sqlite3ExprDelete(pExpr) */
#define TERM_VIRTUAL    0x02   /* Added by the optimizer.  Do not code */
#define TERM_CODED      0x04   /* This term is already coded */
#define TERM_COPIED     0x08   /* Has a child */
#define TERM_OR_OK      0x10   /* Used during OR-clause processing */

/*
** An instance of the following structure holds all information about a
................................................................................
/*
** Deallocate a WhereClause structure.  The WhereClause structure
** itself is not freed.  This routine is the inverse of whereClauseInit().
*/
static void whereClauseClear(WhereClause *pWC){
  int i;
  WhereTerm *a;

  for(i=pWC->nTerm-1, a=pWC->a; i>=0; i--, a++){
    if( a->flags & TERM_DYNAMIC ){
      sqlite3ExprDelete(a->pExpr);
    }
  }
  if( pWC->a!=pWC->aStatic ){
    sqlite3_free(pWC->a);
  }
}

/*
** Add a new entries to the WhereClause structure.  Increase the allocated
** space as necessary.
**
................................................................................
** the pWC->a[] array.
*/
static int whereClauseInsert(WhereClause *pWC, Expr *p, int flags){
  WhereTerm *pTerm;
  int idx;
  if( pWC->nTerm>=pWC->nSlot ){
    WhereTerm *pOld = pWC->a;

    pWC->a = sqlite3Malloc( sizeof(pWC->a[0])*pWC->nSlot*2 );
    if( pWC->a==0 ){
      pWC->pParse->db->mallocFailed = 1;
      if( flags & TERM_DYNAMIC ){
        sqlite3ExprDelete(p);
      }
      pWC->a = pOld;
      return 0;
    }
    memcpy(pWC->a, pOld, sizeof(pWC->a[0])*pWC->nTerm);
    if( pOld!=pWC->aStatic ){
      sqlite3_free(pOld);
    }
    pWC->nSlot *= 2;
  }
  pTerm = &pWC->a[idx = pWC->nTerm];
  pWC->nTerm++;
  pTerm->pExpr = p;
  pTerm->flags = flags;
................................................................................
    if( pRight && pRight->op==TK_COLUMN ){
      WhereTerm *pNew;
      Expr *pDup;
      if( pTerm->leftCursor>=0 ){
        int idxNew;
        pDup = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pExpr);
        if( db->mallocFailed ){
          sqlite3ExprDelete(pDup);
          return;
        }
        idxNew = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pDup, TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC);
        if( idxNew==0 ) return;
        pNew = &pWC->a[idxNew];
        pNew->iParent = idxTerm;
        pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];
................................................................................
        pNew->pList = pList;
        idxNew = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNew, TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC);
        exprAnalyze(pSrc, pWC, idxNew);
        pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];
        pWC->a[idxNew].iParent = idxTerm;
        pTerm->nChild = 1;
      }else{
        sqlite3ExprListDelete(pList);
      }
    }
or_not_possible:
    whereClauseClear(&sOr);
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_OR_OPTIMIZATION */

................................................................................
  struct SrcList_item *pSrc,     /* The FROM clause term to search */
  Bitmask notReady,              /* Mask of cursors that are not available */
  ExprList *pOrderBy,            /* The order by clause */
  int orderByUsable,             /* True if we can potential sort */
  sqlite3_index_info **ppIdxInfo /* Index information passed to xBestIndex */
){
  Table *pTab = pSrc->pTab;

  sqlite3_index_info *pIdxInfo;
  struct sqlite3_index_constraint *pIdxCons;
  struct sqlite3_index_orderby *pIdxOrderBy;
  struct sqlite3_index_constraint_usage *pUsage;
  WhereTerm *pTerm;
  int i, j;
  int nOrderBy;
................................................................................
  */

  /* The module name must be defined. Also, by this point there must
  ** be a pointer to an sqlite3_vtab structure. Otherwise
  ** sqlite3ViewGetColumnNames() would have picked up the error. 
  */
  assert( pTab->azModuleArg && pTab->azModuleArg[0] );
  assert( pTab->pVtab );
#if 0
  if( pTab->pVtab==0 ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "undefined module %s for table %s",
        pTab->azModuleArg[0], pTab->zName);
    return 0.0;
  }
#endif
................................................................................
  if( pIdxInfo->nOrderBy && !orderByUsable ){
    *(int*)&pIdxInfo->nOrderBy = 0;
  }

  (void)sqlite3SafetyOff(pParse->db);
  WHERETRACE(("xBestIndex for %s\n", pTab->zName));
  TRACE_IDX_INPUTS(pIdxInfo);
  rc = pTab->pVtab->pModule->xBestIndex(pTab->pVtab, pIdxInfo);
  TRACE_IDX_OUTPUTS(pIdxInfo);
  (void)sqlite3SafetyOn(pParse->db);













  for(i=0; i<pIdxInfo->nConstraint; i++){
    if( !pIdxInfo->aConstraint[i].usable && pUsage[i].argvIndex>0 ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, 
          "table %s: xBestIndex returned an invalid plan", pTab->zName);
      return 0.0;
    }
  }

  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    if( rc==SQLITE_NOMEM ){
      pParse->db->mallocFailed = 1;
    }else {
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "%s", sqlite3ErrStr(rc));
    }
  }
  *(int*)&pIdxInfo->nOrderBy = nOrderBy;

  return pIdxInfo->estimatedCost;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

/*
** Find the best index for accessing a particular table.  Return a pointer
** to the index, flags that describe how the index should be used, the
................................................................................

/*
** Free a WhereInfo structure
*/
static void whereInfoFree(WhereInfo *pWInfo){
  if( pWInfo ){
    int i;

    for(i=0; i<pWInfo->nLevel; i++){
      sqlite3_index_info *pInfo = pWInfo->a[i].pIdxInfo;
      if( pInfo ){
        assert( pInfo->needToFreeIdxStr==0 );
        sqlite3_free(pInfo);
      }
    }
    sqlite3_free(pWInfo);
  }
}


/*
** Generate the beginning of the loop used for WHERE clause processing.
** The return value is a pointer to an opaque structure that contains
................................................................................

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
    if( pParse->explain==2 ){
      char *zMsg;
      struct SrcList_item *pItem = &pTabList->a[pLevel->iFrom];
      zMsg = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "TABLE %s", pItem->zName);
      if( pItem->zAlias ){
        zMsg = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%z AS %s", zMsg, pItem->zAlias);
      }
      if( (pIx = pLevel->pIdx)!=0 ){
        zMsg = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%z WITH INDEX %s", zMsg, pIx->zName);
      }else if( pLevel->flags & (WHERE_ROWID_EQ|WHERE_ROWID_RANGE) ){
        zMsg = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%z USING PRIMARY KEY", zMsg);
      }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
      else if( pLevel->pBestIdx ){
        sqlite3_index_info *pBestIdx = pLevel->pBestIdx;
        zMsg = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%z VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX %d:%s", zMsg,
                    pBestIdx->idxNum, pBestIdx->idxStr);
      }
#endif
      if( pLevel->flags & WHERE_ORDERBY ){
        zMsg = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%z ORDER BY", zMsg);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Explain, i, pLevel->iFrom, 0, zMsg, P4_DYNAMIC);
    }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN */
    pTabItem = &pTabList->a[pLevel->iFrom];
    pTab = pTabItem->pTab;
    iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(pParse->db, pTab->pSchema);
................................................................................
}

/*
** Generate the end of the WHERE loop.  See comments on 
** sqlite3WhereBegin() for additional information.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3WhereEnd(WhereInfo *pWInfo){
  Vdbe *v = pWInfo->pParse->pVdbe;

  int i;
  WhereLevel *pLevel;
  SrcList *pTabList = pWInfo->pTabList;


  /* Generate loop termination code.
  */
  sqlite3ExprClearColumnCache(pWInfo->pParse, -1);
  for(i=pTabList->nSrc-1; i>=0; i--){
    pLevel = &pWInfo->a[i];
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, pLevel->cont);
    if( pLevel->op!=OP_Noop ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, pLevel->op, pLevel->p1, pLevel->p2);
    }
    if( pLevel->nIn ){
................................................................................
      int j;
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, pLevel->nxt);
      for(j=pLevel->nIn, pIn=&pLevel->aInLoop[j-1]; j>0; j--, pIn--){
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, pIn->topAddr+1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, pIn->iCur, pIn->topAddr);
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, pIn->topAddr-1);
      }
      sqlite3_free(pLevel->aInLoop);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, pLevel->brk);
    if( pLevel->iLeftJoin ){
      int addr;
      addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfPos, pLevel->iLeftJoin);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_NullRow, pTabList->a[i].iCursor);
      if( pLevel->iIdxCur>=0 ){
....