System.Data.SQLite
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Overview
Comment:Update SQLite core library to the latest trunk code.
Downloads: Tarball | ZIP archive | SQL archive
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | trunk
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA1: 0df515ab41770c6283b6e04b2e13bd2701b77ee5
User & Date: mistachkin 2013-10-12 21:24:20
Context
2013-10-15
06:26
Update SQLite core library to the latest trunk code. Add the 'totype' extension. check-in: 159d24c754 user: mistachkin tags: trunk
2013-10-12
21:24
Update SQLite core library to the latest trunk code. check-in: 0df515ab41 user: mistachkin tags: trunk
2013-10-07
18:22
Fix data table name issue for the GetSchema method reported on the mailing list. check-in: e1c3a2bc9c user: mistachkin tags: trunk
Changes
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Changes to SQLite.Interop/src/core/sqlite3.c.

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79145
79146
79147
.....
79382
79383
79384
79385
79386
79387
79388
79389
79390
79391
79392
79393
79394
79395
79396
79397
79398
.....
79482
79483
79484
79485
79486
79487
79488
79489
79490
79491
79492
79493
79494
79495
79496
79497
79498
.....
79799
79800
79801
79802
79803
79804
79805
79806
79807
79808
79809
79810
79811
79812
79813
79814
.....
80014
80015
80016
80017
80018
80019
80020
80021
80022
80023
80024
80025
80026
80027
80028
.....
80063
80064
80065
80066
80067
80068
80069
80070
80071
80072
80073
80074
80075
80076
80077
.....
80109
80110
80111
80112
80113
80114
80115
80116
80117
80118
80119
80120
80121
80122
80123
80124
.....
81647
81648
81649
81650
81651
81652
81653





81654
81655
81656
81657
81658
81659
81660
.....
81672
81673
81674
81675
81676
81677
81678


81679
81680
81681
81682
81683
81684
81685
.....
81801
81802
81803
81804
81805
81806
81807
81808
81809
81810
81811
81812
81813
81814
81815
81816
81817
81818
81819
81820
.....
81847
81848
81849
81850
81851
81852
81853
81854
81855
81856
81857
81858
81859
81860
81861
81862
81863



81864
81865
81866
81867
81868
81869
81870
.....
81875
81876
81877
81878
81879
81880
81881
81882
81883


81884
81885
81886
81887
81888
81889
81890
.....
82308
82309
82310
82311
82312
82313
82314
82315
82316
82317
82318
82319
82320
82321
82322
82323
82324
82325
82326
82327
82328
82329
82330
82331
82332
82333
.....
82334
82335
82336
82337
82338
82339
82340






82341
82342





82343
82344
82345
82346
82347
82348
82349
.....
82374
82375
82376
82377
82378
82379
82380
82381
82382
82383
82384
82385


82386

82387
82388
82389
82390
82391
82392
82393
.....
83102
83103
83104
83105
83106
83107
83108
83109
83110
83111
83112
83113
83114
83115
83116
83117
83118
83119
83120
83121
83122
83123
83124
83125
83126
83127
83128
83129
83130
83131
83132
83133
83134
83135
83136
83137
.....
83151
83152
83153
83154
83155
83156
83157

83158
83159
83160
83161
83162
83163
83164
83165
83166

83167
83168
83169
83170
83171
83172
83173
.....
83181
83182
83183
83184
83185
83186
83187



83188
83189
83190









83191
83192
83193
83194
83195
83196
83197
83198
83199
83200








83201
83202
83203
83204
83205
83206
83207
83208
.....
84377
84378
84379
84380
84381
84382
84383
84384
84385
84386
84387
84388
84389
84390
84391
.....
84524
84525
84526
84527
84528
84529
84530

84531
84532
84533
84534
84535
84536
84537
.....
84565
84566
84567
84568
84569
84570
84571
84572
84573
84574

84575

84576
84577
84578
84579
84580

84581
84582
84583
84584
84585
84586
84587

84588
84589
84590
84591
84592
84593
84594
.....
84598
84599
84600
84601
84602
84603
84604






















84605
84606
84607
84608
84609
84610
84611
.....
84619
84620
84621
84622
84623
84624
84625
84626
84627
84628
84629
84630
84631
84632
84633
.....
84967
84968
84969
84970
84971
84972
84973
84974
84975
84976
84977
84978
84979
84980
84981




























84982
84983
84984
84985
84986
84987
84988
.....
85002
85003
85004
85005
85006
85007
85008
85009
85010
85011

85012
85013
85014
85015
85016
85017
85018
.....
85023
85024
85025
85026
85027
85028
85029






85030
85031
85032
85033
85034
85035
85036
.....
85220
85221
85222
85223
85224
85225
85226
85227
85228
85229
85230
85231
85232
85233
85234
85235
85236
.....
85983
85984
85985
85986
85987
85988
85989
85990

85991
85992

85993
85994
85995
85996
85997
85998
85999
.....
86022
86023
86024
86025
86026
86027
86028
86029
86030
86031
86032
86033
86034
86035
86036
86037
86038
.....
86213
86214
86215
86216
86217
86218
86219
86220
86221
86222
86223
86224
86225
86226
86227
.....
86250
86251
86252
86253
86254
86255
86256

86257
86258
86259
86260
86261
86262
86263
.....
88155
88156
88157
88158
88159
88160
88161

88162
88163
88164
88165
88166
88167
88168
.....
88897
88898
88899
88900
88901
88902
88903
88904
88905
88906
88907
88908
88909
88910
88911
88912
88913
88914
88915
88916
88917
88918
.....
89023
89024
89025
89026
89027
89028
89029
89030
89031
89032
89033
89034
89035
89036
89037
89038
89039
.....
89104
89105
89106
89107
89108
89109
89110
89111
89112
89113
89114
89115
89116
89117
89118
89119
89120
89121
89122
.....
89160
89161
89162
89163
89164
89165
89166
89167
89168
89169
89170
89171
89172
89173
89174
89175
.....
90138
90139
90140
90141
90142
90143
90144
90145
90146
90147


90148
90149
90150
90151
90152
90153
90154
.....
90858
90859
90860
90861
90862
90863
90864
90865
90866
90867
90868
90869
90870
90871
90872
90873
90874
90875
90876
90877
90878
90879






90880
90881
90882
90883

90884
90885
90886
90887
90888
90889
90890
.....
93402
93403
93404
93405
93406
93407
93408

93409
93410
93411
93412
93413
93414
93415
.....
94834
94835
94836
94837
94838
94839
94840


































































































































































































































































































































































































































94841
94842
94843
94844
94845
94846
94847
.....
95009
95010
95011
95012
95013
95014
95015
95016
95017
95018
95019
95020
95021
95022
95023
95024
95025
95026
95027
95028
95029
95030
95031
95032
95033
95034
95035
95036
95037
95038
95039
95040
95041
95042
95043
95044
95045
95046
95047
95048
95049
95050
95051
95052
95053
95054
95055
95056
95057
95058
95059
95060
95061
95062
95063
95064
95065
95066
95067
95068
95069
95070
95071
95072
95073
95074
95075
95076
95077
95078
95079
95080
95081
95082
95083
95084
95085
95086
95087
95088
95089
95090
95091
95092
95093
95094
95095
95096
95097
95098
95099
95100
95101
95102
95103
95104
95105
95106
95107
95108
95109
95110
95111
95112
95113
.....
95169
95170
95171
95172
95173
95174
95175
95176
95177


95178
95179
95180
95181
95182
95183
95184
.....
95226
95227
95228
95229
95230
95231
95232


95233
95234
95235
95236
95237
95238
95239












95240

95241
95242










95243
95244
95245
95246
95247
95248
95249
.....
95253
95254
95255
95256
95257
95258
95259
95260
95261
95262
95263
95264
95265
95266
95267
95268
95269
95270
95271
95272
95273
95274
95275
95276
95277
95278
95279
95280
.....
95285
95286
95287
95288
95289
95290
95291
95292

95293
95294
95295
95296
95297
95298
95299
95300
95301
95302
95303
95304
95305
95306
95307
95308
95309
95310
95311
95312
.....
95313
95314
95315
95316
95317
95318
95319
95320

95321
95322
95323
95324
95325
95326
95327
95328
95329
95330
95331
95332
95333
95334
95335
95336
95337
.....
95338
95339
95340
95341
95342
95343
95344
95345

95346
95347
95348
95349
95350
95351
95352
.....
95357
95358
95359
95360
95361
95362
95363
95364
95365
95366
95367
95368
95369
95370
95371
95372
95373
95374
95375
95376
95377
95378
95379
95380

95381
95382
95383
95384
95385
95386
95387
95388
95389
95390
95391
95392
95393
.....
95412
95413
95414
95415
95416
95417
95418

95419
95420
95421
95422
95423
95424
95425
95426
95427

95428
95429
95430
95431
95432
95433
95434
95435
95436
95437
95438
95439
95440
95441
95442
95443
95444
95445
95446
95447
95448
95449
95450
95451
95452
.....
95470
95471
95472
95473
95474
95475
95476
95477

95478
95479
95480
95481
95482
95483
95484
95485
95486
95487
95488
95489
95490
95491
95492
95493
95494

95495
95496
95497
95498
95499
95500
95501
95502
95503
95504
95505
95506
95507
95508
95509
95510
95511
95512
95513
95514
95515
95516
95517
95518
95519
95520
95521
95522
95523
95524
95525
95526
95527
95528
95529
95530
95531
95532
95533
95534
95535
95536
95537
95538
95539
95540
95541
95542
95543
95544
95545
95546
95547
95548
95549
95550
95551
95552
95553
95554

95555
95556
95557
95558
95559
95560
95561
95562
95563
95564
95565

95566
95567
95568
95569
95570
95571
95572
95573
95574
95575
95576
95577
95578
95579
95580

95581
95582
95583
95584
95585
95586
95587
.....
95588
95589
95590
95591
95592
95593
95594
95595
95596
95597
95598
95599
95600
95601
95602
95603
95604
95605

95606
95607
95608
95609
95610
95611
95612
.....
95614
95615
95616
95617
95618
95619
95620
95621
95622
95623
95624
95625
95626
95627
95628
.....
95641
95642
95643
95644
95645
95646
95647
95648

95649
95650
95651
95652
95653
95654
95655
95656
95657
95658
95659
95660
95661
95662
95663
95664
95665
95666
95667

95668
95669
95670
95671
95672
95673
95674
95675
95676
95677
95678
95679
95680
95681
95682
95683
95684
95685
95686
.....
95705
95706
95707
95708
95709
95710
95711
95712

95713
95714
95715
95716
95717
95718
95719
.....
95721
95722
95723
95724
95725
95726
95727
95728
95729
95730
95731
95732
95733
95734
95735
.....
95748
95749
95750
95751
95752
95753
95754
95755
95756
95757
95758
95759
95760
95761
95762
95763
95764

95765
95766
95767
95768
95769
95770
95771
95772
95773
95774

95775
95776
95777
95778
95779
95780
95781
.....
95798
95799
95800
95801
95802
95803
95804
95805

95806
95807
95808
95809
95810
95811
95812
95813
95814
95815
95816
95817
95818
95819
95820
95821
95822
95823
95824
95825
95826
95827
95828
95829
95830

95831
95832
95833
95834
95835



95836























95837
95838
95839
95840
95841
95842
95843
.....
95845
95846
95847
95848
95849
95850
95851
95852
95853
95854
95855
95856
95857
95858
95859
95860
95861
.....
95891
95892
95893
95894
95895
95896
95897
95898
95899
95900



95901






























95902
95903
95904
95905
95906
95907
95908
95909
95910
.....
95916
95917
95918
95919
95920
95921
95922
95923
95924
95925



95926
95927
95928

95929
95930
95931
95932
95933
95934
95935
95936
95937
95938
95939
95940
95941

95942
95943
95944
95945
95946
95947
95948
95949
95950
95951

95952
95953

95954
95955
95956
95957
95958
95959
95960
95961
95962
.....
95963
95964
95965
95966
95967
95968
95969
95970
95971
95972



95973
95974
95975
95976
95977
95978
95979
95980
95981
95982
95983
95984
95985

95986
95987
95988
95989
95990
95991
95992
95993
95994
95995
95996
95997
95998
95999
.....
96025
96026
96027
96028
96029
96030
96031
96032

96033
96034
96035
96036
96037
96038
96039
96040
96041
96042
96043
96044
.....
96046
96047
96048
96049
96050
96051
96052
96053
96054
96055
96056
96057
96058
96059
96060
.....
96140
96141
96142
96143
96144
96145
96146
96147

96148
96149
96150
96151
96152
96153
96154
96155
96156
96157
96158
96159
96160

96161
96162
96163
96164
96165
96166
96167
96168
96169
96170

96171
96172
96173
96174
96175
96176
96177
96178
96179
96180
96181
96182
96183
96184
96185
96186
96187
96188
96189
96190
.....
96206
96207
96208
96209
96210
96211
96212
96213
96214
96215
96216
96217
96218
96219
96220
.....
96336
96337
96338
96339
96340
96341
96342
96343

96344
96345
96346
96347
96348
96349
96350
.....
96362
96363
96364
96365
96366
96367
96368
96369
96370
96371
96372
96373
96374
96375
96376
.....
96409
96410
96411
96412
96413
96414
96415
96416

96417
96418
96419
96420
96421
96422
96423
.....
96443
96444
96445
96446
96447
96448
96449
96450
96451
96452
96453
96454
96455
96456
96457
96458
96459
96460
96461
.....
96491
96492
96493
96494
96495
96496
96497
96498

96499
96500
96501
96502
96503
96504
96505
96506
96507
96508
96509
96510
96511
96512
96513
96514
96515
96516
96517
96518

96519
96520
96521
96522
96523
96524
96525
96526
96527
96528
96529
96530
96531
96532
96533
96534
96535
96536
96537
96538
96539
96540
96541
96542
96543
96544
96545
96546

96547
96548
96549
96550
96551
96552
96553
96554
96555
96556
96557
96558
96559
96560
96561
96562
96563

96564
96565
96566
96567
96568
96569
96570
96571
96572
96573
96574

96575
96576
96577
96578
96579
96580
96581
96582
96583
96584
96585

96586
96587
96588
96589
96590

















96591
96592
96593
96594
96595
96596
96597
96598
96599
96600
96601
96602
96603
.....
96614
96615
96616
96617
96618
96619
96620

96621
96622
96623
96624
96625
96626
96627
96628
96629


96630
96631
96632
96633




96634
96635
96636
96637
96638
96639


96640
96641
96642
96643
96644
96645
96646



96647
96648
96649

96650
96651
96652
96653
96654
96655
96656
96657
96658
96659
96660


96661
96662
96663
96664
96665
96666
96667
96668
96669
96670
96671
.....
97808
97809
97810
97811
97812
97813
97814
97815
97816
97817
97818
97819
97820
97821
97822
97823
.....
97844
97845
97846
97847
97848
97849
97850
97851
97852
97853
97854
97855
97856
97857
97858
97859
.....
98604
98605
98606
98607
98608
98609
98610



98611
98612
98613
98614
98615
98616
98617
.....
98618
98619
98620
98621
98622
98623
98624



98625


98626
98627
98628
98629
98630
98631

98632
98633
98634
98635








98636
98637
98638

98639

98640
98641
98642
98643
98644
98645
98646
.....
98693
98694
98695
98696
98697
98698
98699
98700
98701
98702
98703
98704
98705
98706

98707
98708
98709
98710
98711
98712

98713
98714
98715
98716
98717
98718








98719
98720
98721
98722
98723
98724
98725
.....
98728
98729
98730
98731
98732
98733
98734
98735
98736
98737
98738
98739
98740

98741
98742
98743
98744
98745
98746


98747
98748
98749
98750
98751
98752
98753
.....
98765
98766
98767
98768
98769
98770
98771
98772
98773
98774
98775
98776
98777
98778
98779
98780
98781
98782
98783
98784
98785
98786
98787
98788
98789
98790
98791
98792
98793
.....
98968
98969
98970
98971
98972
98973
98974
98975
98976
98977
98978
98979
98980
98981
98982
98983
98984
98985

98986
98987
98988
98989
98990
98991
98992
98993
98994
98995
98996

98997
98998
98999
99000
99001
99002
99003

99004
99005
99006
99007
99008
99009
99010
.....
99024
99025
99026
99027
99028
99029
99030
99031
99032
99033
99034
99035
99036
99037
99038
99039
99040
......
100938
100939
100940
100941
100942
100943
100944
100945
100946
100947
100948
100949
100950
100951
100952
100953
100954
100955
100956
......
101226
101227
101228
101229
101230
101231
101232
101233
101234
101235
101236
101237
101238
101239
101240
......
102141
102142
102143
102144
102145
102146
102147
102148
102149
102150
102151
102152
102153
102154
102155
102156


102157
102158
102159
102160
102161
102162




102163
102164
102165
102166
102167
102168
102169
102170
102171
102172
102173
......
102737
102738
102739
102740
102741
102742
102743
102744
102745
102746
102747
102748
102749
102750
102751
102752
......
102880
102881
102882
102883
102884
102885
102886
102887
102888


102889
102890
102891
102892
102893
102894
102895
......
104472
104473
104474
104475
104476
104477
104478
104479
104480
104481
104482
104483
104484
104485
104486




















104487
104488
104489
104490
104491
104492
104493
......
105897
105898
105899
105900
105901
105902
105903
105904
105905
105906
105907
105908
105909
105910
105911
105912
105913
105914
105915
105916
105917
105918
105919
105920
105921
105922
105923
105924
105925
105926
105927
105928
105929
......
105980
105981
105982
105983
105984
105985
105986
105987
105988
105989
105990
105991
105992
105993
105994
105995
105996
......
106012
106013
106014
106015
106016
106017
106018
106019
106020
106021
106022
106023
106024
106025
106026
106027
......
106051
106052
106053
106054
106055
106056
106057
106058
106059
106060
106061
106062
106063
106064
106065
106066
......
106118
106119
106120
106121
106122
106123
106124

106125
106126
106127
106128
106129
106130
106131
......
106265
106266
106267
106268
106269
106270
106271
106272
106273
106274
106275
106276
106277
106278
106279
......
106325
106326
106327
106328
106329
106330
106331
106332
106333
106334
106335
106336
106337
106338
106339
106340
106341
106342
106343
106344
106345
106346
106347
106348
106349
106350
106351
106352
106353
106354
106355
106356
106357
106358
......
106406
106407
106408
106409
106410
106411
106412
106413
106414
106415
106416
106417
106418
106419
106420
106421
......
106533
106534
106535
106536
106537
106538
106539





106540
106541
106542
106543
106544
106545
106546
......
107793
107794
107795
107796
107797
107798
107799
107800
107801
107802
107803
107804
107805
107806
107807
107808
107809
107810
107811
107812
107813
107814
107815
107816
107817
107818
107819
107820
107821
107822
107823
107824
107825
107826
107827
107828
107829
107830
107831
107832
107833
107834
107835
107836
107837
107838
107839
107840
107841
107842
107843
107844
107845
107846
107847
107848
107849
107850
107851
107852
107853
107854
107855
107856
107857
107858
107859
107860
107861
107862
107863
107864
107865
107866
107867
107868


107869
107870
107871
107872
107873
107874
107875
......
108277
108278
108279
108280
108281
108282
108283



108284
108285
108286
108287
108288
108289
108290
......
108374
108375
108376
108377
108378
108379
108380
108381
108382
108383
108384
108385
108386
108387
108388
......
108390
108391
108392
108393
108394
108395
108396
108397
108398
108399
108400

108401
108402
108403
108404
108405
108406
108407
108408
108409
108410
108411
......
108456
108457
108458
108459
108460
108461
108462

108463
108464
108465
108466
108467
108468
108469
......
108470
108471
108472
108473
108474
108475
108476

108477
108478
108479
108480
108481
108482
108483
108484
108485
108486
108487
108488
108489
108490
108491
108492
108493
108494
108495
108496
108497
108498
108499
108500
108501
108502
108503

108504
108505

108506
108507
108508

108509
108510
108511



108512
108513
108514
108515
108516
108517
108518
......
110038
110039
110040
110041
110042
110043
110044
110045
110046
110047

110048
110049
110050
110051
110052
110053
110054
......
110055
110056
110057
110058
110059
110060
110061
110062
110063
110064
110065
110066
110067

110068
110069
110070
110071
110072
110073
110074
......
110106
110107
110108
110109
110110
110111
110112






























110113
110114
110115
110116
110117
110118
110119
110120
110121
110122
110123
110124
110125
110126
110127
110128
110129
110130
110131
110132
110133
110134
110135
110136
110137
110138
110139
110140
110141
110142
110143
110144
110145
110146
110147
110148
110149
......
110155
110156
110157
110158
110159
110160
110161
110162
110163
110164
110165
110166
110167
110168
110169
110170
110171
110172
110173
110174
110175
110176
110177
110178
110179
110180
110181
110182
110183
......
110196
110197
110198
110199
110200
110201
110202
110203
110204
110205
110206
110207
110208
110209
110210
110211
110212
110213
......
110221
110222
110223
110224
110225
110226
110227
110228
110229
110230
110231
110232
110233
110234
110235
......
110241
110242
110243
110244
110245
110246
110247
110248
110249
110250
110251
110252
110253
110254
110255
......
110261
110262
110263
110264
110265
110266
110267
110268
110269
110270
110271
110272
110273
110274
110275
110276
110277
110278
110279
110280
110281
110282
110283
110284
110285
110286
110287
......
110372
110373
110374
110375
110376
110377
110378
110379
110380
110381

110382
110383
110384
110385
110386

110387
110388
110389
110390
110391
110392
110393
......
110397
110398
110399
110400
110401
110402
110403
110404
110405
110406
110407
110408
110409
110410
110411
110412
110413
110414
110415
110416
110417
110418
110419
110420
110421
110422
......
110433
110434
110435
110436
110437
110438
110439
110440
110441
110442
110443
110444
110445
110446
110447
110448
110449
110450
110451
110452
110453
......
110473
110474
110475
110476
110477
110478
110479
110480
110481
110482
110483
110484
110485
110486
110487
110488
110489
110490
110491
110492
110493

110494
110495
110496
110497
110498
110499
110500
110501
110502
110503
110504
110505
110506
110507
110508
110509

110510
110511
110512
110513
110514
110515

110516

110517
110518
110519
110520
110521
110522
110523
......
110678
110679
110680
110681
110682
110683
110684
110685
110686
110687
110688
110689
110690
110691
110692
110693
110694
......
110717
110718
110719
110720
110721
110722
110723


110724
110725
110726
110727
110728
110729
110730
110731
110732
110733
110734
110735
110736
110737
110738
110739
110740
110741
110742
110743
......
110770
110771
110772
110773
110774
110775
110776
110777
110778
110779
110780
110781
110782
110783
110784
110785
......
111109
111110
111111
111112
111113
111114
111115
111116
111117
111118
111119
111120
111121
111122

111123

111124

111125
111126
111127
111128
111129
111130
111131
111132
......
111155
111156
111157
111158
111159
111160
111161
111162
111163
111164
111165
111166
111167
111168
111169
111170
111171
111172


111173
111174
111175
111176
111177
111178
111179
......
111185
111186
111187
111188
111189
111190
111191
111192
111193

111194
111195
111196
111197
111198
111199
111200
111201
111202
111203
111204
111205
111206
111207
111208
111209
111210
111211
111212
111213
111214
111215

111216



111217
111218
111219
111220
111221
111222
111223
111224
111225
111226
111227
111228
111229
111230
111231
111232
111233
111234
111235
111236
111237
111238
111239
111240
111241
111242
111243
111244
111245
111246
111247
111248
111249
111250
111251
111252
111253
111254
111255
111256
111257
111258
111259
111260
111261
111262
111263
111264
111265
111266
111267
111268
111269
111270
111271
111272
111273
111274
111275
111276
111277
111278
111279
111280
111281
111282
111283
111284
111285
111286
111287

111288

111289

111290



111291
111292
111293
111294
111295
111296
111297
......
111320
111321
111322
111323
111324
111325
111326
111327
111328
111329
111330
111331
111332
111333
111334
111335
111336
111337
111338
111339
......
111399
111400
111401
111402
111403
111404
111405
111406
111407
111408
111409
111410
111411
111412
111413
......
111422
111423
111424
111425
111426
111427
111428
111429
111430
111431
111432
111433
111434
111435
111436
111437
111438
111439
111440
111441
......
111795
111796
111797
111798
111799
111800
111801
111802
111803
111804
111805
111806
111807
111808
111809
......
114955
114956
114957
114958
114959
114960
114961
114962
114963
114964
114965
114966
114967

114968
114969
114970
114971
114972
114973
114974
......
121212
121213
121214
121215
121216
121217
121218






121219
121220
121221
121222
121223
121224
121225
......
121237
121238
121239
121240
121241
121242
121243
121244

121245
121246
121247
121248
121249
121250
121251
......
121267
121268
121269
121270
121271
121272
121273









121274
121275
121276
121277
121278
121279
121280
......
122687
122688
122689
122690
122691
122692
122693

122694



122695
122696
122697
122698
122699
122700
122701
122702

122703
122704
122705


122706
122707
122708
122709
122710
122711
122712
122713
122714
122715
122716
122717
......
122732
122733
122734
122735
122736
122737
122738
122739






122740









122741
122742
122743
122744
122745

122746








122747
122748
122749
122750
122751
122752
122753
......
124185
124186
124187
124188
124189
124190
124191



























124192
124193
124194
124195
124196
124197
124198
......
124211
124212
124213
124214
124215
124216
124217

124218
124219






124220
124221
124222
124223

124224
124225
124226
124227








124228
124229
124230
124231
124232
124233
124234




124235
124236
124237
124238
124239
124240
124241
124242
124243
124244
124245
124246
124247
124248
124249
124250
124251
124252
124253
124254
124255
124256
124257
124258
......
124267
124268
124269
124270
124271
124272
124273
124274
124275
124276
124277
124278
124279
124280
124281
124282
124283
124284
124285
124286
124287
124288
124289
124290
124291
124292
124293
124294
124295
......
125172
125173
125174
125175
125176
125177
125178






125179
125180
125181
125182
125183
125184
125185
125186
125187
125188
125189
125190
125191
125192
125193
125194


125195







125196
125197
125198
125199
125200
125201




125202









125203
125204




125205
125206
125207
125208


125209
125210
125211
125212
125213
125214
125215
......
125309
125310
125311
125312
125313
125314
125315


















































































































































































































125316
125317
125318
125319
125320
125321
125322
......
125329
125330
125331
125332
125333
125334
125335
125336
125337
125338
125339
125340
125341
125342
125343
125344
125345
125346
125347
125348
125349
125350
125351
125352
125353
125354
125355
125356
125357
125358
125359
125360
125361
125362
125363
125364
125365
125366
125367
125368
125369
125370
125371
125372
125373
125374
125375
125376
125377
125378
125379
125380
125381
125382
125383
125384
125385
125386
125387
125388
125389
125390
125391
......
125402
125403
125404
125405
125406
125407
125408
125409
125410
125411
125412
125413
125414
125415
125416
125417
125418
125419
125420
125421
125422
125423
125424
125425
125426
125427
125428
125429
125430
......
125658
125659
125660
125661
125662
125663
125664
125665
125666
125667
125668
125669
125670
125671
125672
......
125738
125739
125740
125741
125742
125743
125744
125745
125746
125747
125748
125749
125750
125751
125752
......
126221
126222
126223
126224
126225
126226
126227










126228
126229
126230
126231
126232
126233
126234
......
126244
126245
126246
126247
126248
126249
126250

126251
126252


126253
126254
126255
126256


126257
126258
126259
126260
126261
126262
126263
......
126498
126499
126500
126501
126502
126503
126504

126505
126506
126507



126508
126509
126510
126511



126512
126513


126514
126515
126516
126517
126518
126519
126520
......
126525
126526
126527
126528
126529
126530
126531
126532


126533
126534





126535

126536

126537
126538
126539
126540

126541
126542
















126543
126544
126545
126546
126547
126548
126549




126550
126551
126552
126553
126554

126555
126556
126557
126558
126559
126560
126561
......
135385
135386
135387
135388
135389
135390
135391
135392
135393
135394
135395
135396
135397
135398
135399
......
135654
135655
135656
135657
135658
135659
135660



135661
135662
135663
135664
135665
135666
135667
#define SQLITE_AMALGAMATION 1
#ifndef SQLITE_PRIVATE
# define SQLITE_PRIVATE static
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_API
# define SQLITE_API
#endif
/************** Begin file sqliteInt.h ***************************************/
/*
** 2001 September 15
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** Internal interface definitions for SQLite.
**
*/
#ifndef _SQLITEINT_H_
#define _SQLITEINT_H_

/*
** These #defines should enable >2GB file support on POSIX if the
** underlying operating system supports it.  If the OS lacks
** large file support, or if the OS is windows, these should be no-ops.
**
** Ticket #2739:  The _LARGEFILE_SOURCE macro must appear before any
** system #includes.  Hence, this block of code must be the very first
** code in all source files.
**
** Large file support can be disabled using the -DSQLITE_DISABLE_LFS switch
** on the compiler command line.  This is necessary if you are compiling
** on a recent machine (ex: Red Hat 7.2) but you want your code to work
** on an older machine (ex: Red Hat 6.0).  If you compile on Red Hat 7.2
** without this option, LFS is enable.  But LFS does not exist in the kernel
** in Red Hat 6.0, so the code won't work.  Hence, for maximum binary
** portability you should omit LFS.
**
** Similar is true for Mac OS X.  LFS is only supported on Mac OS X 9 and later.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_DISABLE_LFS
# define _LARGE_FILE       1
# ifndef _FILE_OFFSET_BITS
#   define _FILE_OFFSET_BITS 64
# endif
# define _LARGEFILE_SOURCE 1
#endif

/*
** Include the configuration header output by 'configure' if we're using the
** autoconf-based build
*/
#ifdef _HAVE_SQLITE_CONFIG_H
#include "config.h"
#endif

/************** Include sqliteLimit.h in the middle of sqliteInt.h ***********/
/************** Begin file sqliteLimit.h *************************************/
/*
** 2007 May 7
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** 
** This file defines various limits of what SQLite can process.
*/

/*
** The maximum length of a TEXT or BLOB in bytes.   This also
** limits the size of a row in a table or index.
**
** The hard limit is the ability of a 32-bit signed integer
** to count the size: 2^31-1 or 2147483647.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH
# define SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH 1000000000
#endif

/*
** This is the maximum number of
**
**    * Columns in a table
**    * Columns in an index
**    * Columns in a view
**    * Terms in the SET clause of an UPDATE statement
**    * Terms in the result set of a SELECT statement
**    * Terms in the GROUP BY or ORDER BY clauses of a SELECT statement.
**    * Terms in the VALUES clause of an INSERT statement
**
** The hard upper limit here is 32676.  Most database people will
** tell you that in a well-normalized database, you usually should
** not have more than a dozen or so columns in any table.  And if
** that is the case, there is no point in having more than a few
** dozen values in any of the other situations described above.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_COLUMN
# define SQLITE_MAX_COLUMN 2000
#endif

/*
** The maximum length of a single SQL statement in bytes.
**
** It used to be the case that setting this value to zero would
** turn the limit off.  That is no longer true.  It is not possible
** to turn this limit off.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_SQL_LENGTH
# define SQLITE_MAX_SQL_LENGTH 1000000000
#endif

/*
** The maximum depth of an expression tree. This is limited to 
** some extent by SQLITE_MAX_SQL_LENGTH. But sometime you might 
** want to place more severe limits on the complexity of an 
** expression.
**
** A value of 0 used to mean that the limit was not enforced.
** But that is no longer true.  The limit is now strictly enforced
** at all times.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_EXPR_DEPTH
# define SQLITE_MAX_EXPR_DEPTH 1000
#endif

/*
** The maximum number of terms in a compound SELECT statement.
** The code generator for compound SELECT statements does one
** level of recursion for each term.  A stack overflow can result
** if the number of terms is too large.  In practice, most SQL
** never has more than 3 or 4 terms.  Use a value of 0 to disable
** any limit on the number of terms in a compount SELECT.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_COMPOUND_SELECT
# define SQLITE_MAX_COMPOUND_SELECT 500
#endif

/*
** The maximum number of opcodes in a VDBE program.
** Not currently enforced.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_VDBE_OP
# define SQLITE_MAX_VDBE_OP 25000
#endif

/*
** The maximum number of arguments to an SQL function.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_FUNCTION_ARG
# define SQLITE_MAX_FUNCTION_ARG 127
#endif

/*
** The maximum number of in-memory pages to use for the main database
** table and for temporary tables.  The SQLITE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE
# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE  2000
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_TEMP_CACHE_SIZE
# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_TEMP_CACHE_SIZE  500
#endif

/*
** The default number of frames to accumulate in the log file before
** checkpointing the database in WAL mode.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_WAL_AUTOCHECKPOINT
# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_WAL_AUTOCHECKPOINT  1000
#endif

/*
** The maximum number of attached databases.  This must be between 0
** and 62.  The upper bound on 62 is because a 64-bit integer bitmap
** is used internally to track attached databases.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED
# define SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED 10
#endif


/*
** The maximum value of a ?nnn wildcard that the parser will accept.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_VARIABLE_NUMBER
# define SQLITE_MAX_VARIABLE_NUMBER 999
#endif

/* Maximum page size.  The upper bound on this value is 65536.  This a limit
** imposed by the use of 16-bit offsets within each page.
**
** Earlier versions of SQLite allowed the user to change this value at
** compile time. This is no longer permitted, on the grounds that it creates
** a library that is technically incompatible with an SQLite library 
** compiled with a different limit. If a process operating on a database 
** with a page-size of 65536 bytes crashes, then an instance of SQLite 
** compiled with the default page-size limit will not be able to rollback 
** the aborted transaction. This could lead to database corruption.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
# undef SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
#endif
#define SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE 65536


/*
** The default size of a database page.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE
# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE 1024
#endif
#if SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE>SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
# undef SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE
# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
#endif

/*
** Ordinarily, if no value is explicitly provided, SQLite creates databases
** with page size SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE. However, based on certain
** device characteristics (sector-size and atomic write() support),
** SQLite may choose a larger value. This constant is the maximum value
** SQLite will choose on its own.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE
# define SQLITE_MAX_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE 8192
#endif
#if SQLITE_MAX_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE>SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
# undef SQLITE_MAX_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE
# define SQLITE_MAX_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
#endif


/*
** Maximum number of pages in one database file.
**
** This is really just the default value for the max_page_count pragma.
** This value can be lowered (or raised) at run-time using that the
** max_page_count macro.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_COUNT
# define SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_COUNT 1073741823
#endif

/*
** Maximum length (in bytes) of the pattern in a LIKE or GLOB
** operator.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_LIKE_PATTERN_LENGTH
# define SQLITE_MAX_LIKE_PATTERN_LENGTH 50000
#endif

/*
** Maximum depth of recursion for triggers.
**
** A value of 1 means that a trigger program will not be able to itself
** fire any triggers. A value of 0 means that no trigger programs at all 
** may be executed.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_TRIGGER_DEPTH
# define SQLITE_MAX_TRIGGER_DEPTH 1000
#endif

/************** End of sqliteLimit.h *****************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in sqliteInt.h ******************/

/* Disable nuisance warnings on Borland compilers */
#if defined(__BORLANDC__)
#pragma warn -rch /* unreachable code */
#pragma warn -ccc /* Condition is always true or false */
#pragma warn -aus /* Assigned value is never used */
#pragma warn -csu /* Comparing signed and unsigned */
#pragma warn -spa /* Suspicious pointer arithmetic */
#endif

/* Needed for various definitions... */
#ifndef _GNU_SOURCE
# define _GNU_SOURCE
#endif

#if defined(__OpenBSD__) && !defined(_BSD_SOURCE)
# define _BSD_SOURCE
#endif

/*
** Include standard header files as necessary
*/
#ifdef HAVE_STDINT_H
#include <stdint.h>
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_INTTYPES_H
#include <inttypes.h>
#endif

/*
** The following macros are used to cast pointers to integers and
** integers to pointers.  The way you do this varies from one compiler
** to the next, so we have developed the following set of #if statements
** to generate appropriate macros for a wide range of compilers.
**
** The correct "ANSI" way to do this is to use the intptr_t type. 
** Unfortunately, that typedef is not available on all compilers, or
** if it is available, it requires an #include of specific headers
** that vary from one machine to the next.
**
** Ticket #3860:  The llvm-gcc-4.2 compiler from Apple chokes on
** the ((void*)&((char*)0)[X]) construct.  But MSVC chokes on ((void*)(X)).
** So we have to define the macros in different ways depending on the
** compiler.
*/
#if defined(__PTRDIFF_TYPE__)  /* This case should work for GCC */
# define SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(X)  ((void*)(__PTRDIFF_TYPE__)(X))
# define SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(X)  ((int)(__PTRDIFF_TYPE__)(X))
#elif !defined(__GNUC__)       /* Works for compilers other than LLVM */
# define SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(X)  ((void*)&((char*)0)[X])
# define SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(X)  ((int)(((char*)X)-(char*)0))
#elif defined(HAVE_STDINT_H)   /* Use this case if we have ANSI headers */
# define SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(X)  ((void*)(intptr_t)(X))
# define SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(X)  ((int)(intptr_t)(X))
#else                          /* Generates a warning - but it always works */
# define SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(X)  ((void*)(X))
# define SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(X)  ((int)(X))
#endif

/*
** The SQLITE_THREADSAFE macro must be defined as 0, 1, or 2.
** 0 means mutexes are permanently disable and the library is never
** threadsafe.  1 means the library is serialized which is the highest
** level of threadsafety.  2 means the library is multithreaded - multiple
** threads can use SQLite as long as no two threads try to use the same
** database connection at the same time.
**
** Older versions of SQLite used an optional THREADSAFE macro.
** We support that for legacy.
*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_THREADSAFE)
# if defined(THREADSAFE)
#   define SQLITE_THREADSAFE THREADSAFE
# else
#   define SQLITE_THREADSAFE 1 /* IMP: R-07272-22309 */
# endif
#endif

/*
** Powersafe overwrite is on by default.  But can be turned off using
** the -DSQLITE_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE=0 command-line option.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE
# define SQLITE_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE 1
#endif

/*
** The SQLITE_DEFAULT_MEMSTATUS macro must be defined as either 0 or 1.
** It determines whether or not the features related to 
** SQLITE_CONFIG_MEMSTATUS are available by default or not. This value can
** be overridden at runtime using the sqlite3_config() API.
*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_DEFAULT_MEMSTATUS)
# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_MEMSTATUS 1
#endif

/*
** Exactly one of the following macros must be defined in order to
** specify which memory allocation subsystem to use.
**
**     SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC          // Use normal system malloc()
**     SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC           // Use Win32 native heap API
**     SQLITE_ZERO_MALLOC            // Use a stub allocator that always fails
**     SQLITE_MEMDEBUG               // Debugging version of system malloc()
**
** On Windows, if the SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC_VALIDATE macro is defined and the
** assert() macro is enabled, each call into the Win32 native heap subsystem
** will cause HeapValidate to be called.  If heap validation should fail, an
** assertion will be triggered.
**
** If none of the above are defined, then set SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC as
** the default.
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC) \
  + defined(SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC) \
  + defined(SQLITE_ZERO_MALLOC) \
  + defined(SQLITE_MEMDEBUG)>1
# error "Two or more of the following compile-time configuration options\
 are defined but at most one is allowed:\
 SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC, SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC, SQLITE_MEMDEBUG,\
 SQLITE_ZERO_MALLOC"
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC) \
  + defined(SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC) \
  + defined(SQLITE_ZERO_MALLOC) \
  + defined(SQLITE_MEMDEBUG)==0
# define SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC 1
#endif

/*
** If SQLITE_MALLOC_SOFT_LIMIT is not zero, then try to keep the
** sizes of memory allocations below this value where possible.
*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_MALLOC_SOFT_LIMIT)
# define SQLITE_MALLOC_SOFT_LIMIT 1024
#endif

/*
** We need to define _XOPEN_SOURCE as follows in order to enable
** recursive mutexes on most Unix systems and fchmod() on OpenBSD.
** But _XOPEN_SOURCE define causes problems for Mac OS X, so omit
** it.
*/
#if !defined(_XOPEN_SOURCE) && !defined(__DARWIN__) && !defined(__APPLE__)
#  define _XOPEN_SOURCE 600
#endif

/*
** NDEBUG and SQLITE_DEBUG are opposites.  It should always be true that
** defined(NDEBUG)==!defined(SQLITE_DEBUG).  If this is not currently true,
** make it true by defining or undefining NDEBUG.
**
** Setting NDEBUG makes the code smaller and faster by disabling the
** assert() statements in the code.  So we want the default action
** to be for NDEBUG to be set and NDEBUG to be undefined only if SQLITE_DEBUG
** is set.  Thus NDEBUG becomes an opt-in rather than an opt-out
** feature.
*/
#if !defined(NDEBUG) && !defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) 
# define NDEBUG 1
#endif
#if defined(NDEBUG) && defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
# undef NDEBUG
#endif

/*
** The testcase() macro is used to aid in coverage testing.  When 
** doing coverage testing, the condition inside the argument to
** testcase() must be evaluated both true and false in order to
** get full branch coverage.  The testcase() macro is inserted
** to help ensure adequate test coverage in places where simple
** condition/decision coverage is inadequate.  For example, testcase()
** can be used to make sure boundary values are tested.  For
** bitmask tests, testcase() can be used to make sure each bit
** is significant and used at least once.  On switch statements
** where multiple cases go to the same block of code, testcase()
** can insure that all cases are evaluated.
**
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_COVERAGE_TEST
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3Coverage(int);
# define testcase(X)  if( X ){ sqlite3Coverage(__LINE__); }
#else
# define testcase(X)
#endif

/*
** The TESTONLY macro is used to enclose variable declarations or
** other bits of code that are needed to support the arguments
** within testcase() and assert() macros.
*/
#if !defined(NDEBUG) || defined(SQLITE_COVERAGE_TEST)
# define TESTONLY(X)  X
#else
# define TESTONLY(X)
#endif

/*
** Sometimes we need a small amount of code such as a variable initialization
** to setup for a later assert() statement.  We do not want this code to
** appear when assert() is disabled.  The following macro is therefore
** used to contain that setup code.  The "VVA" acronym stands for
** "Verification, Validation, and Accreditation".  In other words, the
** code within VVA_ONLY() will only run during verification processes.
*/
#ifndef NDEBUG
# define VVA_ONLY(X)  X
#else
# define VVA_ONLY(X)
#endif

/*
** The ALWAYS and NEVER macros surround boolean expressions which 
** are intended to always be true or false, respectively.  Such
** expressions could be omitted from the code completely.  But they
** are included in a few cases in order to enhance the resilience
** of SQLite to unexpected behavior - to make the code "self-healing"
** or "ductile" rather than being "brittle" and crashing at the first
** hint of unplanned behavior.
**
** In other words, ALWAYS and NEVER are added for defensive code.
**
** When doing coverage testing ALWAYS and NEVER are hard-coded to
** be true and false so that the unreachable code they specify will
** not be counted as untested code.
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_COVERAGE_TEST)
# define ALWAYS(X)      (1)
# define NEVER(X)       (0)
#elif !defined(NDEBUG)
# define ALWAYS(X)      ((X)?1:(assert(0),0))
# define NEVER(X)       ((X)?(assert(0),1):0)
#else
# define ALWAYS(X)      (X)
# define NEVER(X)       (X)
#endif

/*
** Return true (non-zero) if the input is a integer that is too large
** to fit in 32-bits.  This macro is used inside of various testcase()
** macros to verify that we have tested SQLite for large-file support.
*/
#define IS_BIG_INT(X)  (((X)&~(i64)0xffffffff)!=0)

/*
** The macro unlikely() is a hint that surrounds a boolean
** expression that is usually false.  Macro likely() surrounds
** a boolean expression that is usually true.  These hints could,
** in theory, be used by the compiler to generate better code, but
** currently they are just comments for human readers.
*/
#define likely(X)    (X)
#define unlikely(X)  (X)

/************** Include sqlite3.h in the middle of sqliteInt.h ***************/
/************** Begin file sqlite3.h *****************************************/
/*
** 2001 September 15
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
................................................................................
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.8.1"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3008001
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2013-09-12 02:09:05 75a8a8c1b39725d36db627536d0c69401f8e0815"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
** log message after formatting via [sqlite3_snprintf()].
** The SQLite logging interface is not reentrant; the logger function
** supplied by the application must not invoke any SQLite interface.
** In a multi-threaded application, the application-defined logger
** function must be threadsafe. </dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_URI]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_URI
** <dd> This option takes a single argument of type int. If non-zero, then
** URI handling is globally enabled. If the parameter is zero, then URI handling
** is globally disabled. If URI handling is globally enabled, all filenames
** passed to [sqlite3_open()], [sqlite3_open_v2()], [sqlite3_open16()] or
** specified as part of [ATTACH] commands are interpreted as URIs, regardless
** of whether or not the [SQLITE_OPEN_URI] flag is set when the database
** connection is opened. If it is globally disabled, filenames are
** only interpreted as URIs if the SQLITE_OPEN_URI flag is set when the
** database connection is opened. By default, URI handling is globally
** disabled. The default value may be changed by compiling with the
** [SQLITE_USE_URI] symbol defined.
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN
** <dd> This option takes a single integer argument which is interpreted as
** a boolean in order to enable or disable the use of covering indices for
** full table scans in the query optimizer.  The default setting is determined
** by the [SQLITE_ALLOW_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN] compile-time option, or is "on"
** if that compile-time option is omitted.
** The ability to disable the use of covering indices for full table scans
** is because some incorrectly coded legacy applications might malfunction
** malfunction when the optimization is enabled.  Providing the ability to
** disable the optimization allows the older, buggy application code to work
** without change even with newer versions of SQLite.
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE]] [[SQLITE_CONFIG_GETPCACHE]]
** <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE and SQLITE_CONFIG_GETPCACHE
** <dd> These options are obsolete and should not be used by new code.
** They are retained for backwards compatibility but are now no-ops.
................................................................................
** the connection being passed as the second parameter is being closed. The
** third parameter is passed NULL In this case.  An example of using this
** configuration option can be seen in the "test_sqllog.c" source file in
** the canonical SQLite source tree.</dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_MMAP_SIZE]]
** <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_MMAP_SIZE
** <dd>SQLITE_CONFIG_MMAP_SIZE takes two 64-bit integer (sqlite3_int64) values
** that are the default mmap size limit (the default setting for
** [PRAGMA mmap_size]) and the maximum allowed mmap size limit.
** The default setting can be overridden by each database connection using
** either the [PRAGMA mmap_size] command, or by using the
** [SQLITE_FCNTL_MMAP_SIZE] file control.  The maximum allowed mmap size
** cannot be changed at run-time.  Nor may the maximum allowed mmap size
** exceed the compile-time maximum mmap size set by the
** [SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE] compile-time option.  
** If either argument to this option is negative, then that argument is
** changed to its compile-time default.
** </dl>
*/
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_SINGLETHREAD  1  /* nil */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_MULTITHREAD   2  /* nil */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_SERIALIZED    3  /* nil */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC        4  /* sqlite3_mem_methods* */
................................................................................
}  /* end of the 'extern "C"' block */
#endif

#endif  /* ifndef _SQLITE3RTREE_H_ */


/************** End of sqlite3.h *********************************************/









































































































































































































































































/************** Continuing where we left off in sqliteInt.h ******************/






























































































































































































































































/************** Include hash.h in the middle of sqliteInt.h ******************/
/************** Begin file hash.h ********************************************/
/*
** 2001 September 22
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
................................................................................
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_64BIT_STATS
 typedef u64 tRowcnt;    /* 64-bit only if requested at compile-time */
#else
 typedef u32 tRowcnt;    /* 32-bit is the default */
#endif


























/*
** Macros to determine whether the machine is big or little endian,
** evaluated at runtime.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_AMALGAMATION
SQLITE_PRIVATE const int sqlite3one = 1;
#else
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_DistinctOpt    0x0020   /* DISTINCT using indexes */
#define SQLITE_CoverIdxScan   0x0040   /* Covering index scans */
#define SQLITE_OrderByIdxJoin 0x0080   /* ORDER BY of joins via index */
#define SQLITE_SubqCoroutine  0x0100   /* Evaluate subqueries as coroutines */
#define SQLITE_Transitive     0x0200   /* Transitive constraints */
#define SQLITE_OmitNoopJoin   0x0400   /* Omit unused tables in joins */
#define SQLITE_Stat3          0x0800   /* Use the SQLITE_STAT3 table */

#define SQLITE_AllOpts        0xffff   /* All optimizations */

/*
** Macros for testing whether or not optimizations are enabled or disabled.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST
#define OptimizationDisabled(db, mask)  (((db)->dbOptFlags&(mask))!=0)
................................................................................
  char *zName;     /* Name of this column */
  Expr *pDflt;     /* Default value of this column */
  char *zDflt;     /* Original text of the default value */
  char *zType;     /* Data type for this column */
  char *zColl;     /* Collating sequence.  If NULL, use the default */
  u8 notNull;      /* An OE_ code for handling a NOT NULL constraint */
  char affinity;   /* One of the SQLITE_AFF_... values */

  u16 colFlags;    /* Boolean properties.  See COLFLAG_ defines below */
};

/* Allowed values for Column.colFlags:
*/
#define COLFLAG_PRIMKEY  0x0001    /* Column is part of the primary key */
#define COLFLAG_HIDDEN   0x0002    /* A hidden column in a virtual table */

................................................................................
  ExprList *pCheck;    /* All CHECK constraints */
#endif
  tRowcnt nRowEst;     /* Estimated rows in table - from sqlite_stat1 table */
  int tnum;            /* Root BTree node for this table (see note above) */
  i16 iPKey;           /* If not negative, use aCol[iPKey] as the primary key */
  i16 nCol;            /* Number of columns in this table */
  u16 nRef;            /* Number of pointers to this Table */

  u8 tabFlags;         /* Mask of TF_* values */
  u8 keyConf;          /* What to do in case of uniqueness conflict on iPKey */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_ALTERTABLE
  int addColOffset;    /* Offset in CREATE TABLE stmt to add a new column */
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  int nModuleArg;      /* Number of arguments to the module */
................................................................................
#define OE_Replace  5   /* Delete existing record, then do INSERT or UPDATE */

#define OE_Restrict 6   /* OE_Abort for IMMEDIATE, OE_Rollback for DEFERRED */
#define OE_SetNull  7   /* Set the foreign key value to NULL */
#define OE_SetDflt  8   /* Set the foreign key value to its default */
#define OE_Cascade  9   /* Cascade the changes */

#define OE_Default  99  /* Do whatever the default action is */


/*
** An instance of the following structure is passed as the first
** argument to sqlite3VdbeKeyCompare and is used to control the 
** comparison of the two index keys.
**
................................................................................
  char *zColAff;           /* String defining the affinity of each column */
  Index *pNext;            /* The next index associated with the same table */
  Schema *pSchema;         /* Schema containing this index */
  u8 *aSortOrder;          /* for each column: True==DESC, False==ASC */
  char **azColl;           /* Array of collation sequence names for index */
  Expr *pPartIdxWhere;     /* WHERE clause for partial indices */
  int tnum;                /* DB Page containing root of this index */

  u16 nColumn;             /* Number of columns in table used by this index */
  u8 onError;              /* OE_Abort, OE_Ignore, OE_Replace, or OE_None */
  unsigned autoIndex:2;    /* 1==UNIQUE, 2==PRIMARY KEY, 0==CREATE INDEX */
  unsigned bUnordered:1;   /* Use this index for == or IN queries only */
  unsigned uniqNotNull:1;  /* True if UNIQUE and NOT NULL for all columns */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  int nSample;             /* Number of elements in aSample[] */
................................................................................
** are contained within the same memory allocation.  Note, however, that
** the subtrees in Expr.x.pList or Expr.x.pSelect are always separately
** allocated, regardless of whether or not EP_Reduced is set.
*/
struct Expr {
  u8 op;                 /* Operation performed by this node */
  char affinity;         /* The affinity of the column or 0 if not a column */
  u16 flags;             /* Various flags.  EP_* See below */
  union {
    char *zToken;          /* Token value. Zero terminated and dequoted */
    int iValue;            /* Non-negative integer value if EP_IntValue */
  } u;

  /* If the EP_TokenOnly flag is set in the Expr.flags mask, then no
  ** space is allocated for the fields below this point. An attempt to
  ** access them will result in a segfault or malfunction. 
  *********************************************************************/

  Expr *pLeft;           /* Left subnode */
  Expr *pRight;          /* Right subnode */
  union {
    ExprList *pList;     /* Function arguments or in "<expr> IN (<expr-list)" */
    Select *pSelect;     /* Used for sub-selects and "<expr> IN (<select>)" */
  } x;

  /* If the EP_Reduced flag is set in the Expr.flags mask, then no
  ** space is allocated for the fields below this point. An attempt to
  ** access them will result in a segfault or malfunction.
  *********************************************************************/

#if SQLITE_MAX_EXPR_DEPTH>0
  int nHeight;           /* Height of the tree headed by this node */
#endif
  int iTable;            /* TK_COLUMN: cursor number of table holding column
                         ** TK_REGISTER: register number
                         ** TK_TRIGGER: 1 -> new, 0 -> old */

  ynVar iColumn;         /* TK_COLUMN: column index.  -1 for rowid.
                         ** TK_VARIABLE: variable number (always >= 1). */
  i16 iAgg;              /* Which entry in pAggInfo->aCol[] or ->aFunc[] */
  i16 iRightJoinTable;   /* If EP_FromJoin, the right table of the join */
  u8 flags2;             /* Second set of flags.  EP2_... */
  u8 op2;                /* TK_REGISTER: original value of Expr.op
                         ** TK_COLUMN: the value of p5 for OP_Column
                         ** TK_AGG_FUNCTION: nesting depth */
  AggInfo *pAggInfo;     /* Used by TK_AGG_COLUMN and TK_AGG_FUNCTION */
  Table *pTab;           /* Table for TK_COLUMN expressions. */
};

/*
** The following are the meanings of bits in the Expr.flags field.
*/
#define EP_FromJoin   0x0001  /* Originated in ON or USING clause of a join */
#define EP_Agg        0x0002  /* Contains one or more aggregate functions */
#define EP_Resolved   0x0004  /* IDs have been resolved to COLUMNs */
#define EP_Error      0x0008  /* Expression contains one or more errors */
#define EP_Distinct   0x0010  /* Aggregate function with DISTINCT keyword */
#define EP_VarSelect  0x0020  /* pSelect is correlated, not constant */
#define EP_DblQuoted  0x0040  /* token.z was originally in "..." */
#define EP_InfixFunc  0x0080  /* True for an infix function: LIKE, GLOB, etc */
#define EP_Collate    0x0100  /* Tree contains a TK_COLLATE opeartor */
#define EP_FixedDest  0x0200  /* Result needed in a specific register */
#define EP_IntValue   0x0400  /* Integer value contained in u.iValue */
#define EP_xIsSelect  0x0800  /* x.pSelect is valid (otherwise x.pList is) */
#define EP_Hint       0x1000  /* Not used */
#define EP_Reduced    0x2000  /* Expr struct is EXPR_REDUCEDSIZE bytes only */
#define EP_TokenOnly  0x4000  /* Expr struct is EXPR_TOKENONLYSIZE bytes only */
#define EP_Static     0x8000  /* Held in memory not obtained from malloc() */

/*
** The following are the meanings of bits in the Expr.flags2 field.
*/
#define EP2_MallocedToken  0x0001  /* Need to sqlite3DbFree() Expr.zToken */
#define EP2_Irreducible    0x0002  /* Cannot EXPRDUP_REDUCE this Expr */

/*
** The pseudo-routine sqlite3ExprSetIrreducible sets the EP2_Irreducible
** flag on an expression structure.  This flag is used for VV&A only.  The
** routine is implemented as a macro that only works when in debugging mode,
** so as not to burden production code.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
# define ExprSetIrreducible(X)  (X)->flags2 |= EP2_Irreducible
#else
# define ExprSetIrreducible(X)
#endif

/*
** These macros can be used to test, set, or clear bits in the 
** Expr.flags field.
*/
#define ExprHasProperty(E,P)     (((E)->flags&(P))==(P))
#define ExprHasAnyProperty(E,P)  (((E)->flags&(P))!=0)
#define ExprSetProperty(E,P)     (E)->flags|=(P)
#define ExprClearProperty(E,P)   (E)->flags&=~(P)

/*
** Macros to determine the number of bytes required by a normal Expr 
** struct, an Expr struct with the EP_Reduced flag set in Expr.flags 
** and an Expr struct with the EP_TokenOnly flag set.
*/
#define EXPR_FULLSIZE           sizeof(Expr)           /* Full size */
................................................................................
** routines as they walk the parse tree to make database references
** explicit.  
*/
typedef struct DbFixer DbFixer;
struct DbFixer {
  Parse *pParse;      /* The parsing context.  Error messages written here */
  Schema *pSchema;    /* Fix items to this schema */

  const char *zDb;    /* Make sure all objects are contained in this database */
  const char *zType;  /* Type of the container - used for error messages */
  const Token *pName; /* Name of the container - used for error messages */
};

/*
** An objected used to accumulate the text of a string where we
................................................................................
# define sqlite3AuthRead(a,b,c,d)
# define sqlite3AuthCheck(a,b,c,d,e)    SQLITE_OK
# define sqlite3AuthContextPush(a,b,c)
# define sqlite3AuthContextPop(a)  ((void)(a))
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Attach(Parse*, Expr*, Expr*, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Detach(Parse*, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FixInit(DbFixer*, Parse*, int, const char*, const Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FixSrcList(DbFixer*, SrcList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FixSelect(DbFixer*, Select*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FixExpr(DbFixer*, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FixExprList(DbFixer*, ExprList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FixTriggerStep(DbFixer*, TriggerStep*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3AtoF(const char *z, double*, int, u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3GetInt32(const char *, int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Atoi(const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Utf16ByteLen(const void *pData, int nChar);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Utf8CharLen(const char *pData, int nByte);
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3Utf8Read(const u8**);







/*
** Routines to read and write variable-length integers.  These used to
** be defined locally, but now we use the varint routines in the util.c
** file.  Code should use the MACRO forms below, as the Varint32 versions
** are coded to assume the single byte case is already handled (which 
** the MACRO form does).
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ResolveSelectNames(Parse*, Select*, NameContext*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ResolveSelfReference(Parse*,Table*,int,Expr*,ExprList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ResolveOrderGroupBy(Parse*, Select*, ExprList*, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ColumnDefault(Vdbe *, Table *, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AlterFinishAddColumn(Parse *, Token *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AlterBeginAddColumn(Parse *, SrcList *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE CollSeq *sqlite3GetCollSeq(Parse*, u8, CollSeq *, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE char sqlite3AffinityType(const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Analyze(Parse*, Token*, Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3InvokeBusyHandler(BusyHandler*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FindDb(sqlite3*, Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FindDbName(sqlite3 *, const char *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3AnalysisLoad(sqlite3*,int iDB);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DeleteIndexSamples(sqlite3*,Index*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DefaultRowEst(Index*);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VtabArgExtend(Parse*, Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VtabCallCreate(sqlite3*, int, const char *, char **);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VtabCallConnect(Parse*, Table*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VtabCallDestroy(sqlite3*, int, const char *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VtabBegin(sqlite3 *, VTable *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE FuncDef *sqlite3VtabOverloadFunction(sqlite3 *,FuncDef*, int nArg, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3InvalidFunction(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**);

SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeParameterIndex(Vdbe*, const char*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3TransferBindings(sqlite3_stmt *, sqlite3_stmt *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Reprepare(Vdbe*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprListCheckLength(Parse*, ExprList*, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE CollSeq *sqlite3BinaryCompareCollSeq(Parse *, Expr *, Expr *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3TempInMemory(const sqlite3*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE const char *sqlite3JournalModename(int);
................................................................................
  yDbMask btreeMask;      /* Bitmask of db->aDb[] entries referenced */
  yDbMask lockMask;       /* Subset of btreeMask that requires a lock */
  int iStatement;         /* Statement number (or 0 if has not opened stmt) */
  u32 aCounter[5];        /* Counters used by sqlite3_stmt_status() */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE
  i64 startTime;          /* Time when query started - used for profiling */
#endif

  i64 nFkConstraint;      /* Number of imm. FK constraints this VM */
  i64 nStmtDefCons;       /* Number of def. constraints when stmt started */
  i64 nStmtDefImmCons;    /* Number of def. imm constraints when stmt started */
  char *zSql;             /* Text of the SQL statement that generated this */
  void *pFree;            /* Free this when deleting the vdbe */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  FILE *trace;            /* Write an execution trace here, if not NULL */
................................................................................

/*
** Set the time to the current time reported by the VFS.
**
** Return the number of errors.
*/
static int setDateTimeToCurrent(sqlite3_context *context, DateTime *p){
  sqlite3 *db = sqlite3_context_db_handle(context);
  if( sqlite3OsCurrentTimeInt64(db->pVfs, &p->iJD)==SQLITE_OK ){
    p->validJD = 1;
    return 0;
  }else{
    return 1;
  }
}

................................................................................
** The following routine implements the rough equivalent of localtime_r()
** using whatever operating-system specific localtime facility that
** is available.  This routine returns 0 on success and
** non-zero on any kind of error.
**
** If the sqlite3GlobalConfig.bLocaltimeFault variable is true then this
** routine will always fail.




*/
static int osLocaltime(time_t *t, struct tm *pTm){
  int rc;
#if (!defined(HAVE_LOCALTIME_R) || !HAVE_LOCALTIME_R) \
      && (!defined(HAVE_LOCALTIME_S) || !HAVE_LOCALTIME_S)
  struct tm *pX;
#if SQLITE_THREADSAFE>0
................................................................................

  /* Initialize the contents of sLocal to avoid a compiler warning. */
  memset(&sLocal, 0, sizeof(sLocal));

  x = *p;
  computeYMD_HMS(&x);
  if( x.Y<1971 || x.Y>=2038 ){





    x.Y = 2000;
    x.M = 1;
    x.D = 1;
    x.h = 0;
    x.m = 0;
    x.s = 0.0;
  } else {
................................................................................
  struct tm *pTm;
  struct tm sNow;
  char zBuf[20];

  UNUSED_PARAMETER(argc);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(argv);

  db = sqlite3_context_db_handle(context);
  if( sqlite3OsCurrentTimeInt64(db->pVfs, &iT) ) return;
  t = iT/1000 - 10000*(sqlite3_int64)21086676;
#ifdef HAVE_GMTIME_R
  pTm = gmtime_r(&t, &sNow);
#else
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER));
  pTm = gmtime(&t);
  if( pTm ) memcpy(&sNow, pTm, sizeof(sNow));
................................................................................

/*
** Free memory that might be associated with a particular database
** connection.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DbFree(sqlite3 *db, void *p){
  assert( db==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(db->mutex) );

  if( db ){
    if( db->pnBytesFreed ){
      *db->pnBytesFreed += sqlite3DbMallocSize(db, p);
      return;
    }
    if( isLookaside(db, p) ){
      LookasideSlot *pBuf = (LookasideSlot*)p;
................................................................................
  switch( quote ){
    case '\'':  break;
    case '"':   break;
    case '`':   break;                /* For MySQL compatibility */
    case '[':   quote = ']';  break;  /* For MS SqlServer compatibility */
    default:    return -1;
  }
  for(i=1, j=0; ALWAYS(z[i]); i++){

    if( z[i]==quote ){
      if( z[i+1]==quote ){
        z[j++] = quote;
        i++;
      }else{
        break;
      }
................................................................................
    int i, sz;
    sz = sqlite3Strlen30(z);
    for(i=sz-1; i>0 && z[i]!='/' && z[i]!='.'; i--){}
    if( z[i]=='.' && ALWAYS(sz>i+4) ) memmove(&z[i+1], &z[sz-3], 4);
  }
}
#endif














































































/************** End of util.c ************************************************/
/************** Begin file hash.c ********************************************/
/*
** 2001 September 22
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
................................................................................
  { "GetVersionExA",           (SYSCALL)GetVersionExA,           0 },
#else
  { "GetVersionExA",           (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osGetVersionExA ((BOOL(WINAPI*)( \
        LPOSVERSIONINFOA))aSyscall[34].pCurrent)










  { "HeapAlloc",               (SYSCALL)HeapAlloc,               0 },

#define osHeapAlloc ((LPVOID(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD, \
        SIZE_T))aSyscall[35].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "HeapCreate",              (SYSCALL)HeapCreate,              0 },
#else
  { "HeapCreate",              (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osHeapCreate ((HANDLE(WINAPI*)(DWORD,SIZE_T, \
        SIZE_T))aSyscall[36].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "HeapDestroy",             (SYSCALL)HeapDestroy,             0 },
#else
  { "HeapDestroy",             (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osHeapDestroy ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE))aSyscall[37].pCurrent)

  { "HeapFree",                (SYSCALL)HeapFree,                0 },

#define osHeapFree ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD,LPVOID))aSyscall[38].pCurrent)

  { "HeapReAlloc",             (SYSCALL)HeapReAlloc,             0 },

#define osHeapReAlloc ((LPVOID(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD,LPVOID, \
        SIZE_T))aSyscall[39].pCurrent)

  { "HeapSize",                (SYSCALL)HeapSize,                0 },

#define osHeapSize ((SIZE_T(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD, \
        LPCVOID))aSyscall[40].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "HeapValidate",            (SYSCALL)HeapValidate,            0 },
#else
  { "HeapValidate",            (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osHeapValidate ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD, \
        LPCVOID))aSyscall[41].pCurrent)

#if defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION)
  { "LoadLibraryA",            (SYSCALL)LoadLibraryA,            0 },
#else
  { "LoadLibraryA",            (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osLoadLibraryA ((HMODULE(WINAPI*)(LPCSTR))aSyscall[42].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT && defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_WIDE) && \
        !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION)
  { "LoadLibraryW",            (SYSCALL)LoadLibraryW,            0 },
#else
  { "LoadLibraryW",            (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osLoadLibraryW ((HMODULE(WINAPI*)(LPCWSTR))aSyscall[43].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "LocalFree",               (SYSCALL)LocalFree,               0 },
#else
  { "LocalFree",               (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osLocalFree ((HLOCAL(WINAPI*)(HLOCAL))aSyscall[44].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINCE && !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "LockFile",                (SYSCALL)LockFile,                0 },
#else
  { "LockFile",                (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#ifndef osLockFile
#define osLockFile ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD, \
        DWORD))aSyscall[45].pCurrent)
#endif

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  { "LockFileEx",              (SYSCALL)LockFileEx,              0 },
#else
  { "LockFileEx",              (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#ifndef osLockFileEx
#define osLockFileEx ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD, \
        LPOVERLAPPED))aSyscall[46].pCurrent)
#endif

#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE || (!SQLITE_OS_WINRT && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL))
  { "MapViewOfFile",           (SYSCALL)MapViewOfFile,           0 },
#else
  { "MapViewOfFile",           (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osMapViewOfFile ((LPVOID(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD, \
        SIZE_T))aSyscall[47].pCurrent)

  { "MultiByteToWideChar",     (SYSCALL)MultiByteToWideChar,     0 },

#define osMultiByteToWideChar ((int(WINAPI*)(UINT,DWORD,LPCSTR,int,LPWSTR, \
        int))aSyscall[48].pCurrent)

  { "QueryPerformanceCounter", (SYSCALL)QueryPerformanceCounter, 0 },

#define osQueryPerformanceCounter ((BOOL(WINAPI*)( \
        LARGE_INTEGER*))aSyscall[49].pCurrent)

  { "ReadFile",                (SYSCALL)ReadFile,                0 },

#define osReadFile ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,LPVOID,DWORD,LPDWORD, \
        LPOVERLAPPED))aSyscall[50].pCurrent)

  { "SetEndOfFile",            (SYSCALL)SetEndOfFile,            0 },

#define osSetEndOfFile ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE))aSyscall[51].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "SetFilePointer",          (SYSCALL)SetFilePointer,          0 },
#else
  { "SetFilePointer",          (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osSetFilePointer ((DWORD(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,LONG,PLONG, \
        DWORD))aSyscall[52].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "Sleep",                   (SYSCALL)Sleep,                   0 },
#else
  { "Sleep",                   (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osSleep ((VOID(WINAPI*)(DWORD))aSyscall[53].pCurrent)

  { "SystemTimeToFileTime",    (SYSCALL)SystemTimeToFileTime,    0 },

#define osSystemTimeToFileTime ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(CONST SYSTEMTIME*, \
        LPFILETIME))aSyscall[54].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINCE && !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "UnlockFile",              (SYSCALL)UnlockFile,              0 },
#else
  { "UnlockFile",              (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#ifndef osUnlockFile
#define osUnlockFile ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD, \
        DWORD))aSyscall[55].pCurrent)
#endif

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  { "UnlockFileEx",            (SYSCALL)UnlockFileEx,            0 },
#else
  { "UnlockFileEx",            (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osUnlockFileEx ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD, \
        LPOVERLAPPED))aSyscall[56].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL)
  { "UnmapViewOfFile",         (SYSCALL)UnmapViewOfFile,         0 },
#else
  { "UnmapViewOfFile",         (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osUnmapViewOfFile ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(LPCVOID))aSyscall[57].pCurrent)

  { "WideCharToMultiByte",     (SYSCALL)WideCharToMultiByte,     0 },

#define osWideCharToMultiByte ((int(WINAPI*)(UINT,DWORD,LPCWSTR,int,LPSTR,int, \
        LPCSTR,LPBOOL))aSyscall[58].pCurrent)

  { "WriteFile",               (SYSCALL)WriteFile,               0 },

#define osWriteFile ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,LPCVOID,DWORD,LPDWORD, \
        LPOVERLAPPED))aSyscall[59].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "CreateEventExW",          (SYSCALL)CreateEventExW,          0 },
#else
  { "CreateEventExW",          (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osCreateEventExW ((HANDLE(WINAPI*)(LPSECURITY_ATTRIBUTES,LPCWSTR, \
        DWORD,DWORD))aSyscall[60].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "WaitForSingleObject",     (SYSCALL)WaitForSingleObject,     0 },
#else
  { "WaitForSingleObject",     (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osWaitForSingleObject ((DWORD(WINAPI*)(HANDLE, \
        DWORD))aSyscall[61].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "WaitForSingleObjectEx",   (SYSCALL)WaitForSingleObjectEx,   0 },
#else
  { "WaitForSingleObjectEx",   (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osWaitForSingleObjectEx ((DWORD(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD, \
        BOOL))aSyscall[62].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "SetFilePointerEx",        (SYSCALL)SetFilePointerEx,        0 },
#else
  { "SetFilePointerEx",        (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osSetFilePointerEx ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,LARGE_INTEGER, \
        PLARGE_INTEGER,DWORD))aSyscall[63].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "GetFileInformationByHandleEx", (SYSCALL)GetFileInformationByHandleEx, 0 },
#else
  { "GetFileInformationByHandleEx", (SYSCALL)0,                  0 },
#endif

#define osGetFileInformationByHandleEx ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE, \
        FILE_INFO_BY_HANDLE_CLASS,LPVOID,DWORD))aSyscall[64].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL)
  { "MapViewOfFileFromApp",    (SYSCALL)MapViewOfFileFromApp,    0 },
#else
  { "MapViewOfFileFromApp",    (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osMapViewOfFileFromApp ((LPVOID(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,ULONG,ULONG64, \
        SIZE_T))aSyscall[65].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "CreateFile2",             (SYSCALL)CreateFile2,             0 },
#else
  { "CreateFile2",             (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osCreateFile2 ((HANDLE(WINAPI*)(LPCWSTR,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD, \
        LPCREATEFILE2_EXTENDED_PARAMETERS))aSyscall[66].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION)
  { "LoadPackagedLibrary",     (SYSCALL)LoadPackagedLibrary,     0 },
#else
  { "LoadPackagedLibrary",     (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osLoadPackagedLibrary ((HMODULE(WINAPI*)(LPCWSTR, \
        DWORD))aSyscall[67].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "GetTickCount64",          (SYSCALL)GetTickCount64,          0 },
#else
  { "GetTickCount64",          (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osGetTickCount64 ((ULONGLONG(WINAPI*)(VOID))aSyscall[68].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "GetNativeSystemInfo",     (SYSCALL)GetNativeSystemInfo,     0 },
#else
  { "GetNativeSystemInfo",     (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osGetNativeSystemInfo ((VOID(WINAPI*)( \
        LPSYSTEM_INFO))aSyscall[69].pCurrent)

#if defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI)
  { "OutputDebugStringA",      (SYSCALL)OutputDebugStringA,      0 },
#else
  { "OutputDebugStringA",      (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osOutputDebugStringA ((VOID(WINAPI*)(LPCSTR))aSyscall[70].pCurrent)

#if defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_WIDE)
  { "OutputDebugStringW",      (SYSCALL)OutputDebugStringW,      0 },
#else
  { "OutputDebugStringW",      (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osOutputDebugStringW ((VOID(WINAPI*)(LPCWSTR))aSyscall[71].pCurrent)

  { "GetProcessHeap",          (SYSCALL)GetProcessHeap,          0 },

#define osGetProcessHeap ((HANDLE(WINAPI*)(VOID))aSyscall[72].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL)
  { "CreateFileMappingFromApp", (SYSCALL)CreateFileMappingFromApp, 0 },
#else
  { "CreateFileMappingFromApp", (SYSCALL)0,                      0 },
#endif

#define osCreateFileMappingFromApp ((HANDLE(WINAPI*)(HANDLE, \
        LPSECURITY_ATTRIBUTES,ULONG,ULONG64,LPCWSTR))aSyscall[73].pCurrent)

}; /* End of the overrideable system calls */

/*
** This is the xSetSystemCall() method of sqlite3_vfs for all of the
** "win32" VFSes.  Return SQLITE_OK opon successfully updating the
** system call pointer, or SQLITE_NOTFOUND if there is no configurable
................................................................................
** Here is an interesting observation:  Win95, Win98, and WinME lack
** the LockFileEx() API.  But we can still statically link against that
** API as long as we don't call it when running Win95/98/ME.  A call to
** this routine is used to determine if the host is Win95/98/ME or
** WinNT/2K/XP so that we will know whether or not we can safely call
** the LockFileEx() API.
*/




#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE || SQLITE_OS_WINRT || !defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI)
# define osIsNT()  (1)
#elif !defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_WIDE)
# define osIsNT()  (0)
#else
  static int osIsNT(void){
    if( sqlite3_os_type==0 ){





      OSVERSIONINFOA sInfo;
      sInfo.dwOSVersionInfoSize = sizeof(sInfo);
      osGetVersionExA(&sInfo);

      sqlite3_os_type = sInfo.dwPlatformId==VER_PLATFORM_WIN32_NT ? 2 : 1;
    }
    return sqlite3_os_type==2;
  }
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC
................................................................................
    winGetSystemCall,    /* xGetSystemCall */
    winNextSystemCall,   /* xNextSystemCall */
  };
#endif

  /* Double-check that the aSyscall[] array has been constructed
  ** correctly.  See ticket [bb3a86e890c8e96ab] */
  assert( ArraySize(aSyscall)==74 );

  /* get memory map allocation granularity */
  memset(&winSysInfo, 0, sizeof(SYSTEM_INFO));
#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  osGetNativeSystemInfo(&winSysInfo);
#else
  osGetSystemInfo(&winSysInfo);
................................................................................
**
** The first page is always a btree page.  The first 100 bytes of the first
** page contain a special header (the "file header") that describes the file.
** The format of the file header is as follows:
**
**   OFFSET   SIZE    DESCRIPTION
**      0      16     Header string: "SQLite format 3\000"
**     16       2     Page size in bytes.  
**     18       1     File format write version
**     19       1     File format read version
**     20       1     Bytes of unused space at the end of each page
**     21       1     Max embedded payload fraction
**     22       1     Min embedded payload fraction
**     23       1     Min leaf payload fraction
**     24       4     File change counter
**     28       4     Reserved for future use
**     32       4     First freelist page
**     36       4     Number of freelist pages in the file
**     40      60     15 4-byte meta values passed to higher layers
**
**     40       4     Schema cookie
**     44       4     File format of schema layer
**     48       4     Size of page cache
**     52       4     Largest root-page (auto/incr_vacuum)
**     56       4     1=UTF-8 2=UTF16le 3=UTF16be
**     60       4     User version
**     64       4     Incremental vacuum mode
**     68       4     unused
**     72       4     unused

**     76       4     unused
**
** All of the integer values are big-endian (most significant byte first).
**
** The file change counter is incremented when the database is changed
** This counter allows other processes to know when the file has changed
** and thus when they need to flush their cache.
**
................................................................................
    pBt->max1bytePayload = 127;
  }else{
    pBt->max1bytePayload = (u8)pBt->maxLocal;
  }
  assert( pBt->maxLeaf + 23 <= MX_CELL_SIZE(pBt) );
  pBt->pPage1 = pPage1;
  pBt->nPage = nPage;
assert( pPage1->leaf==0 || pPage1->leaf==1 );
  return SQLITE_OK;

page1_init_failed:
  releasePage(pPage1);
  pBt->pPage1 = 0;
  return rc;
}
................................................................................
  /* If the btree is already in a write-transaction, or it
  ** is already in a read-transaction and a read-transaction
  ** is requested, this is a no-op.
  */
  if( p->inTrans==TRANS_WRITE || (p->inTrans==TRANS_READ && !wrflag) ){
    goto trans_begun;
  }
  assert( IfNotOmitAV(pBt->bDoTruncate)==0 );

  /* Write transactions are not possible on a read-only database */
  if( (pBt->btsFlags & BTS_READ_ONLY)!=0 && wrflag ){
    rc = SQLITE_READONLY;
    goto trans_begun;
  }

................................................................................
      if( pRec==0 ) return 0;
      p->ppRec[0] = pRec;
    }
  
    pRec->nField = p->iVal+1;
    return &pRec->aMem[p->iVal];
  }
#endif


  return sqlite3ValueNew(db);
}

/*
** Extract a value from the supplied expression in the manner described
** above sqlite3ValueFromExpr(). Allocate the sqlite3_value object
** using valueNew().
................................................................................
  int iSerial;                    /* Serial type */
  int nSerial;                    /* Bytes of space for iSerial as varint */
  int nVal;                       /* Bytes of space required for argv[0] */
  int nRet;
  sqlite3 *db;
  u8 *aRet;


  iSerial = sqlite3VdbeSerialType(argv[0], file_format);
  nSerial = sqlite3VarintLen(iSerial);
  nVal = sqlite3VdbeSerialTypeLen(iSerial);
  db = sqlite3_context_db_handle(context);

  nRet = 1 + nSerial + nVal;
  aRet = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, nRet);
................................................................................
        );
        sqlite3VdbePrintOp(out, i, &p->aOp[i]);
      }
      fclose(out);
    }
  }
#endif

  p->magic = VDBE_MAGIC_INIT;
  return p->rc & db->errMask;
}
 
/*
** Clean up and delete a VDBE after execution.  Return an integer which is
** the result code.  Write any error message text into *pzErrMsg.
................................................................................
      v->rc = rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
  }
  rc = sqlite3ApiExit(db, rc);
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return rc;
}


/*
** Extract the user data from a sqlite3_context structure and return a
** pointer to it.
*/
SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_user_data(sqlite3_context *p){
  assert( p && p->pFunc );
................................................................................
** sqlite3_create_function16() routines that originally registered the
** application defined function.
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3 *sqlite3_context_db_handle(sqlite3_context *p){
  assert( p && p->pFunc );
  return p->s.db;
}














/*
** The following is the implementation of an SQL function that always
** fails with an error message stating that the function is used in the
** wrong context.  The sqlite3_overload_function() API might construct
** SQL function that use this routine so that the functions will exist
** for name resolution but are actually overloaded by the xFindFunction
................................................................................
    /* This happens if a malloc() inside a call to sqlite3_column_text() or
    ** sqlite3_column_text16() failed.  */
    goto no_mem;
  }
  assert( p->rc==SQLITE_OK || p->rc==SQLITE_BUSY );
  assert( p->bIsReader || p->readOnly!=0 );
  p->rc = SQLITE_OK;

  assert( p->explain==0 );
  p->pResultSet = 0;
  db->busyHandler.nBusy = 0;
  CHECK_FOR_INTERRUPT;
  sqlite3VdbeIOTraceSql(p);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_PROGRESS_CALLBACK
  if( db->xProgress ){
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WalkExpr(Walker *pWalker, Expr *pExpr){
  int rc;
  if( pExpr==0 ) return WRC_Continue;
  testcase( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly) );
  testcase( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_Reduced) );
  rc = pWalker->xExprCallback(pWalker, pExpr);
  if( rc==WRC_Continue
              && !ExprHasAnyProperty(pExpr,EP_TokenOnly) ){
    if( sqlite3WalkExpr(pWalker, pExpr->pLeft) ) return WRC_Abort;
    if( sqlite3WalkExpr(pWalker, pExpr->pRight) ) return WRC_Abort;
    if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
      if( sqlite3WalkSelect(pWalker, pExpr->x.pSelect) ) return WRC_Abort;
    }else{
      if( sqlite3WalkExprList(pWalker, pExpr->x.pList) ) return WRC_Abort;
    }
................................................................................
  db = pParse->db;
  pDup = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pOrig, 0);
  if( pDup==0 ) return;
  if( pOrig->op!=TK_COLUMN && zType[0]!='G' ){
    incrAggFunctionDepth(pDup, nSubquery);
    pDup = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_AS, pDup, 0, 0);
    if( pDup==0 ) return;

    if( pEList->a[iCol].iAlias==0 ){
      pEList->a[iCol].iAlias = (u16)(++pParse->nAlias);
    }
    pDup->iTable = pEList->a[iCol].iAlias;
  }
  if( pExpr->op==TK_COLLATE ){
    pDup = sqlite3ExprAddCollateString(pParse, pDup, pExpr->u.zToken);
................................................................................
  */
  ExprSetProperty(pExpr, EP_Static);
  sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pExpr);
  memcpy(pExpr, pDup, sizeof(*pExpr));
  if( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) && pExpr->u.zToken!=0 ){
    assert( (pExpr->flags & (EP_Reduced|EP_TokenOnly))==0 );
    pExpr->u.zToken = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pExpr->u.zToken);
    pExpr->flags2 |= EP2_MallocedToken;
  }
  sqlite3DbFree(db, pDup);
}


/*
** Return TRUE if the name zCol occurs anywhere in the USING clause.
................................................................................
  struct SrcList_item *pMatch = 0;  /* The matching pSrcList item */
  NameContext *pTopNC = pNC;        /* First namecontext in the list */
  Schema *pSchema = 0;              /* Schema of the expression */
  int isTrigger = 0;

  assert( pNC );     /* the name context cannot be NULL. */
  assert( zCol );    /* The Z in X.Y.Z cannot be NULL */
  assert( !ExprHasAnyProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );

  /* Initialize the node to no-match */
  pExpr->iTable = -1;
  pExpr->pTab = 0;
  ExprSetIrreducible(pExpr);

  /* Translate the schema name in zDb into a pointer to the corresponding
  ** schema.  If not found, pSchema will remain NULL and nothing will match
  ** resulting in an appropriate error message toward the end of this routine
  */
  if( zDb ){
    testcase( pNC->ncFlags & NC_PartIdx );
................................................................................
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse,"%s prohibited in CHECK constraints", zMsg);
  }
}
#else
# define notValidCheckConstraint(P,N,M)
#endif















/*
** This routine is callback for sqlite3WalkExpr().
**
** Resolve symbolic names into TK_COLUMN operators for the current
** node in the expression tree.  Return 0 to continue the search down
** the tree or 2 to abort the tree walk.
................................................................................
  Parse *pParse;

  pNC = pWalker->u.pNC;
  assert( pNC!=0 );
  pParse = pNC->pParse;
  assert( pParse==pWalker->pParse );

  if( ExprHasAnyProperty(pExpr, EP_Resolved) ) return WRC_Prune;
  ExprSetProperty(pExpr, EP_Resolved);
#ifndef NDEBUG
  if( pNC->pSrcList && pNC->pSrcList->nAlloc>0 ){
    SrcList *pSrcList = pNC->pSrcList;
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<pNC->pSrcList->nSrc; i++){
      assert( pSrcList->a[i].iCursor>=0 && pSrcList->a[i].iCursor<pParse->nTab);
................................................................................
        if( pDef==0 ){
          no_such_func = 1;
        }else{
          wrong_num_args = 1;
        }
      }else{
        is_agg = pDef->xFunc==0;

















      }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
      if( pDef ){
        auth = sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_FUNCTION, 0, pDef->zName, 0);
        if( auth!=SQLITE_OK ){
          if( auth==SQLITE_DENY ){
            sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "not authorized to use function: %s",
................................................................................
  if( op==TK_SELECT ){
    assert( pExpr->flags&EP_xIsSelect );
    return sqlite3ExprAffinity(pExpr->x.pSelect->pEList->a[0].pExpr);
  }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
  if( op==TK_CAST ){
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) );
    return sqlite3AffinityType(pExpr->u.zToken);
  }
#endif
  if( (op==TK_AGG_COLUMN || op==TK_COLUMN || op==TK_REGISTER) 
   && pExpr->pTab!=0
  ){
    /* op==TK_REGISTER && pExpr->pTab!=0 happens when pExpr was originally
    ** a TK_COLUMN but was previously evaluated and cached in a register */
................................................................................
** and the pExpr parameter is returned unchanged.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3ExprAddCollateToken(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr, Token *pCollName){
  if( pCollName->n>0 ){
    Expr *pNew = sqlite3ExprAlloc(pParse->db, TK_COLLATE, pCollName, 1);
    if( pNew ){
      pNew->pLeft = pExpr;
      pNew->flags |= EP_Collate;
      pExpr = pNew;
    }
  }
  return pExpr;
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3ExprAddCollateString(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr, const char *zC){
  Token s;
................................................................................
  assert( zC!=0 );
  s.z = zC;
  s.n = sqlite3Strlen30(s.z);
  return sqlite3ExprAddCollateToken(pParse, pExpr, &s);
}

/*
** Skip over any TK_COLLATE and/or TK_AS operators at the root of
** an expression.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(Expr *pExpr){







  while( pExpr && (pExpr->op==TK_COLLATE || pExpr->op==TK_AS) ){
    pExpr = pExpr->pLeft;
  }

  return pExpr;
}

/*
** Return the collation sequence for the expression pExpr. If
** there is no defined collating sequence, return NULL.
**
................................................................................
** assigned.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprAssignVarNumber(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr){
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  const char *z;

  if( pExpr==0 ) return;
  assert( !ExprHasAnyProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue|EP_Reduced|EP_TokenOnly) );
  z = pExpr->u.zToken;
  assert( z!=0 );
  assert( z[0]!=0 );
  if( z[1]==0 ){
    /* Wildcard of the form "?".  Assign the next variable number */
    assert( z[0]=='?' );
    pExpr->iColumn = (ynVar)(++pParse->nVar);
................................................................................
/*
** Recursively delete an expression tree.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprDelete(sqlite3 *db, Expr *p){
  if( p==0 ) return;
  /* Sanity check: Assert that the IntValue is non-negative if it exists */
  assert( !ExprHasProperty(p, EP_IntValue) || p->u.iValue>=0 );
  if( !ExprHasAnyProperty(p, EP_TokenOnly) ){
    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pLeft);
    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pRight);
    if( !ExprHasProperty(p, EP_Reduced) && (p->flags2 & EP2_MallocedToken)!=0 ){
      sqlite3DbFree(db, p->u.zToken);
    }
    if( ExprHasProperty(p, EP_xIsSelect) ){
      sqlite3SelectDelete(db, p->x.pSelect);
    }else{
      sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, p->x.pList);
    }
  }
  if( !ExprHasProperty(p, EP_Static) ){
................................................................................
** to reduce a pristine expression tree from the parser.  The implementation
** of dupedExprStructSize() contain multiple assert() statements that attempt
** to enforce this constraint.
*/
static int dupedExprStructSize(Expr *p, int flags){
  int nSize;
  assert( flags==EXPRDUP_REDUCE || flags==0 ); /* Only one flag value allowed */


  if( 0==(flags&EXPRDUP_REDUCE) ){
    nSize = EXPR_FULLSIZE;
  }else{
    assert( !ExprHasAnyProperty(p, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(p, EP_FromJoin) ); 
    assert( (p->flags2 & EP2_MallocedToken)==0 );
    assert( (p->flags2 & EP2_Irreducible)==0 );
    if( p->pLeft || p->pRight || p->x.pList ){
      nSize = EXPR_REDUCEDSIZE | EP_Reduced;
    }else{

      nSize = EXPR_TOKENONLYSIZE | EP_TokenOnly;
    }
  }
  return nSize;
}

/*
................................................................................
      }else{
        int nSize = exprStructSize(p);
        memcpy(zAlloc, p, nSize);
        memset(&zAlloc[nSize], 0, EXPR_FULLSIZE-nSize);
      }

      /* Set the EP_Reduced, EP_TokenOnly, and EP_Static flags appropriately. */
      pNew->flags &= ~(EP_Reduced|EP_TokenOnly|EP_Static);
      pNew->flags |= nStructSize & (EP_Reduced|EP_TokenOnly);
      pNew->flags |= staticFlag;

      /* Copy the p->u.zToken string, if any. */
      if( nToken ){
        char *zToken = pNew->u.zToken = (char*)&zAlloc[nNewSize];
        memcpy(zToken, p->u.zToken, nToken);
................................................................................
          pNew->x.pSelect = sqlite3SelectDup(db, p->x.pSelect, isReduced);
        }else{
          pNew->x.pList = sqlite3ExprListDup(db, p->x.pList, isReduced);
        }
      }

      /* Fill in pNew->pLeft and pNew->pRight. */
      if( ExprHasAnyProperty(pNew, EP_Reduced|EP_TokenOnly) ){
        zAlloc += dupedExprNodeSize(p, flags);
        if( ExprHasProperty(pNew, EP_Reduced) ){
          pNew->pLeft = exprDup(db, p->pLeft, EXPRDUP_REDUCE, &zAlloc);
          pNew->pRight = exprDup(db, p->pRight, EXPRDUP_REDUCE, &zAlloc);
        }
        if( pzBuffer ){
          *pzBuffer = zAlloc;
        }
      }else{
        pNew->flags2 = 0;
        if( !ExprHasAnyProperty(p, EP_TokenOnly) ){
          pNew->pLeft = sqlite3ExprDup(db, p->pLeft, 0);
          pNew->pRight = sqlite3ExprDup(db, p->pRight, 0);
        }
      }

    }
  }
................................................................................
**
*/
static int exprNodeIsConstant(Walker *pWalker, Expr *pExpr){

  /* If pWalker->u.i is 3 then any term of the expression that comes from
  ** the ON or USING clauses of a join disqualifies the expression
  ** from being considered constant. */
  if( pWalker->u.i==3 && ExprHasAnyProperty(pExpr, EP_FromJoin) ){
    pWalker->u.i = 0;
    return WRC_Abort;
  }

  switch( pExpr->op ){
    /* Consider functions to be constant if all their arguments are constant
    ** and pWalker->u.i==2 */
................................................................................
    eType = IN_INDEX_EPH;
    if( prNotFound ){
      *prNotFound = rMayHaveNull = ++pParse->nMem;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, *prNotFound);
    }else{
      testcase( pParse->nQueryLoop>0 );
      pParse->nQueryLoop = 0;
      if( pX->pLeft->iColumn<0 && !ExprHasAnyProperty(pX, EP_xIsSelect) ){
        eType = IN_INDEX_ROWID;
      }
    }
    sqlite3CodeSubselect(pParse, pX, rMayHaveNull, eType==IN_INDEX_ROWID);
    pParse->nQueryLoop = savedNQueryLoop;
  }else{
    pX->iTable = iTab;
................................................................................
  **    *  The right-hand side is a correlated subquery
  **    *  The right-hand side is an expression list containing variables
  **    *  We are inside a trigger
  **
  ** If all of the above are false, then we can run this code just once
  ** save the results, and reuse the same result on subsequent invocations.
  */
  if( !ExprHasAnyProperty(pExpr, EP_VarSelect) ){
    testAddr = sqlite3CodeOnce(pParse);
  }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
  if( pParse->explain==2 ){
    char *zMsg = sqlite3MPrintf(
        pParse->db, "EXECUTE %s%s SUBQUERY %d", testAddr>=0?"":"CORRELATED ",
................................................................................
      pSel->pLimit = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_INTEGER, 0, 0,
                                  &sqlite3IntTokens[1]);
      pSel->iLimit = 0;
      if( sqlite3Select(pParse, pSel, &dest) ){
        return 0;
      }
      rReg = dest.iSDParm;
      ExprSetIrreducible(pExpr);
      break;
    }
  }

  if( testAddr>=0 ){
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, testAddr);
  }
................................................................................
  for(i=0, p=pParse->aColCache; i<SQLITE_N_COLCACHE; i++, p++){
    int r = p->iReg;
    if( r>=iFrom && r<=iTo ) return 1;    /*NO_TEST*/
  }
  return 0;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_DEBUG || SQLITE_COVERAGE_TEST */











/*
** Generate code into the current Vdbe to evaluate the given
** expression.  Attempt to store the results in register "target".
** Return the register where results are stored.
**
** With this routine, there is no guarantee that results will
................................................................................
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
    case TK_CAST: {
      /* Expressions of the form:   CAST(pLeft AS token) */
      int aff, to_op;
      inReg = sqlite3ExprCodeTarget(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, target);
      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) );
      aff = sqlite3AffinityType(pExpr->u.zToken);
      to_op = aff - SQLITE_AFF_TEXT + OP_ToText;
      assert( to_op==OP_ToText    || aff!=SQLITE_AFF_TEXT    );
      assert( to_op==OP_ToBlob    || aff!=SQLITE_AFF_NONE    );
      assert( to_op==OP_ToNumeric || aff!=SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC );
      assert( to_op==OP_ToInt     || aff!=SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER );
      assert( to_op==OP_ToReal    || aff!=SQLITE_AFF_REAL    );
      testcase( to_op==OP_ToText );
................................................................................
      int i;                 /* Loop counter */
      u8 enc = ENC(db);      /* The text encoding used by this database */
      CollSeq *pColl = 0;    /* A collating sequence */

      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );
      testcase( op==TK_CONST_FUNC );
      testcase( op==TK_FUNCTION );
      if( ExprHasAnyProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly) ){
        pFarg = 0;
      }else{
        pFarg = pExpr->x.pList;
      }
      nFarg = pFarg ? pFarg->nExpr : 0;
      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) );
      zId = pExpr->u.zToken;
................................................................................
          sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pFarg->a[i].pExpr, target);
          sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse, 1);
        }
        sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, endCoalesce);
        break;
      }










      if( pFarg ){
        r1 = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nFarg);

        /* For length() and typeof() functions with a column argument,
        ** set the P5 parameter to the OP_Column opcode to OPFLAG_LENGTHARG
        ** or OPFLAG_TYPEOFARG respectively, to avoid unnecessary data
................................................................................
    **   CASE WHEN e1 THEN r1 WHEN e2 THEN r2 ... WHEN eN THEN rN ELSE y END
    **
    ** Form A is can be transformed into the equivalent form B as follows:
    **   CASE WHEN x=e1 THEN r1 WHEN x=e2 THEN r2 ...
    **        WHEN x=eN THEN rN ELSE y END
    **
    ** X (if it exists) is in pExpr->pLeft.
    ** Y is in pExpr->pRight.  The Y is also optional.  If there is no
    ** ELSE clause and no other term matches, then the result of the
    ** exprssion is NULL.
    ** Ei is in pExpr->pList->a[i*2] and Ri is pExpr->pList->a[i*2+1].
    **
    ** The result of the expression is the Ri for the first matching Ei,
    ** or if there is no matching Ei, the ELSE term Y, or if there is
    ** no ELSE term, NULL.
    */
    default: assert( op==TK_CASE ); {
................................................................................
      Expr opCompare;                   /* The X==Ei expression */
      Expr cacheX;                      /* Cached expression X */
      Expr *pX;                         /* The X expression */
      Expr *pTest = 0;                  /* X==Ei (form A) or just Ei (form B) */
      VVA_ONLY( int iCacheLevel = pParse->iCacheLevel; )

      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) && pExpr->x.pList );
      assert((pExpr->x.pList->nExpr % 2) == 0);
      assert(pExpr->x.pList->nExpr > 0);
      pEList = pExpr->x.pList;
      aListelem = pEList->a;
      nExpr = pEList->nExpr;
      endLabel = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      if( (pX = pExpr->pLeft)!=0 ){
        cacheX = *pX;
        testcase( pX->op==TK_COLUMN );
        testcase( pX->op==TK_REGISTER );
        cacheX.iTable = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pX, &regFree1);
        testcase( regFree1==0 );
        cacheX.op = TK_REGISTER;
        opCompare.op = TK_EQ;
        opCompare.pLeft = &cacheX;
        pTest = &opCompare;
        /* Ticket b351d95f9cd5ef17e9d9dbae18f5ca8611190001:
        ** The value in regFree1 might get SCopy-ed into the file result.
        ** So make sure that the regFree1 register is not reused for other
        ** purposes and possibly overwritten.  */
        regFree1 = 0;
      }
      for(i=0; i<nExpr; i=i+2){
        sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);
        if( pX ){
          assert( pTest!=0 );
          opCompare.pRight = aListelem[i].pExpr;
        }else{
          pTest = aListelem[i].pExpr;
        }
................................................................................
        testcase( aListelem[i+1].pExpr->op==TK_COLUMN );
        testcase( aListelem[i+1].pExpr->op==TK_REGISTER );
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, aListelem[i+1].pExpr, target);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, endLabel);
        sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse, 1);
        sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, nextCase);
      }
      if( pExpr->pRight ){
        sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pRight, target);
        sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse, 1);
      }else{
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, target);
      }
      assert( db->mallocFailed || pParse->nErr>0 
           || pParse->iCacheLevel==iCacheLevel );
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, endLabel);
................................................................................
  ** no way for a TK_REGISTER to exist here.  But it seems prudent to
  ** keep the ALWAYS() in case the conditions above change with future
  ** modifications or enhancements. */
  if( ALWAYS(pExpr->op!=TK_REGISTER) ){  
    int iMem;
    iMem = ++pParse->nMem;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Copy, inReg, iMem);
    pExpr->iTable = iMem;
    pExpr->op2 = pExpr->op;
    pExpr->op = TK_REGISTER;
  }
  return inReg;
}

#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_TREE_EXPLAIN)
/*
** Generate a human-readable explanation of an expression tree.
................................................................................
      sqlite3ExplainExpr(pOut, pExpr->pLeft);
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
    case TK_CAST: {
      /* Expressions of the form:   CAST(pLeft AS token) */
      const char *zAff = "unk";
      switch( sqlite3AffinityType(pExpr->u.zToken) ){
        case SQLITE_AFF_TEXT:    zAff = "TEXT";     break;
        case SQLITE_AFF_NONE:    zAff = "NONE";     break;
        case SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC: zAff = "NUMERIC";  break;
        case SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER: zAff = "INTEGER";  break;
        case SQLITE_AFF_REAL:    zAff = "REAL";     break;
      }
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, "CAST-%s(", zAff);
................................................................................
      break;
    }

    case TK_AGG_FUNCTION:
    case TK_CONST_FUNC:
    case TK_FUNCTION: {
      ExprList *pFarg;       /* List of function arguments */
      if( ExprHasAnyProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly) ){
        pFarg = 0;
      }else{
        pFarg = pExpr->x.pList;
      }
      if( op==TK_AGG_FUNCTION ){
        sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, "AGG_FUNCTION%d:%s(",
                             pExpr->op2, pExpr->u.zToken);
................................................................................
  if( isAppropriateForFactoring(pExpr) ){
    int r1 = ++pParse->nMem;
    int r2 = sqlite3ExprCodeTarget(pParse, pExpr, r1);
    /* If r2!=r1, it means that register r1 is never used.  That is harmless
    ** but suboptimal, so we want to know about the situation to fix it.
    ** Hence the following assert: */
    assert( r2==r1 );
    pExpr->op2 = pExpr->op;
    pExpr->op = TK_REGISTER;
    pExpr->iTable = r2;
    return WRC_Prune;
  }
  return WRC_Continue;
}

/*
** Preevaluate constant subexpressions within pExpr and store the
................................................................................
  exprAnd.pRight = &compRight;
  compLeft.op = TK_GE;
  compLeft.pLeft = &exprX;
  compLeft.pRight = pExpr->x.pList->a[0].pExpr;
  compRight.op = TK_LE;
  compRight.pLeft = &exprX;
  compRight.pRight = pExpr->x.pList->a[1].pExpr;
  exprX.iTable = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, &exprX, &regFree1);
  exprX.op2 = exprX.op;
  exprX.op = TK_REGISTER;
  if( jumpIfTrue ){
    sqlite3ExprIfTrue(pParse, &exprAnd, dest, jumpIfNull);
  }else{
    sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, &exprAnd, dest, jumpIfNull);
  }
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regFree1);

................................................................................
** just might result in some slightly slower code.  But returning
** an incorrect 0 or 1 could lead to a malfunction.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprCompare(Expr *pA, Expr *pB, int iTab){
  if( pA==0||pB==0 ){
    return pB==pA ? 0 : 2;
  }
  assert( !ExprHasAnyProperty(pA, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );
  assert( !ExprHasAnyProperty(pB, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );
  if( ExprHasProperty(pA, EP_xIsSelect) || ExprHasProperty(pB, EP_xIsSelect) ){
    return 2;
  }
  if( (pA->flags & EP_Distinct)!=(pB->flags & EP_Distinct) ) return 2;
  if( pA->op!=pB->op && (pA->op!=TK_REGISTER || pA->op2!=pB->op) ){
    if( pA->op==TK_COLLATE && sqlite3ExprCompare(pA->pLeft, pB, iTab)<2 ){
      return 1;
................................................................................
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_COLUMN );
      /* Check to see if the column is in one of the tables in the FROM
      ** clause of the aggregate query */
      if( ALWAYS(pSrcList!=0) ){
        struct SrcList_item *pItem = pSrcList->a;
        for(i=0; i<pSrcList->nSrc; i++, pItem++){
          struct AggInfo_col *pCol;
          assert( !ExprHasAnyProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );
          if( pExpr->iTable==pItem->iCursor ){
            /* If we reach this point, it means that pExpr refers to a table
            ** that is in the FROM clause of the aggregate query.  
            **
            ** Make an entry for the column in pAggInfo->aCol[] if there
            ** is not an entry there already.
            */
................................................................................
              }
            }
            /* There is now an entry for pExpr in pAggInfo->aCol[] (either
            ** because it was there before or because we just created it).
            ** Convert the pExpr to be a TK_AGG_COLUMN referring to that
            ** pAggInfo->aCol[] entry.
            */
            ExprSetIrreducible(pExpr);
            pExpr->pAggInfo = pAggInfo;
            pExpr->op = TK_AGG_COLUMN;
            pExpr->iAgg = (i16)k;
            break;
          } /* endif pExpr->iTable==pItem->iCursor */
        } /* end loop over pSrcList */
      }
................................................................................
            }else{
              pItem->iDistinct = -1;
            }
          }
        }
        /* Make pExpr point to the appropriate pAggInfo->aFunc[] entry
        */
        assert( !ExprHasAnyProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );
        ExprSetIrreducible(pExpr);
        pExpr->iAgg = (i16)i;
        pExpr->pAggInfo = pAggInfo;
        return WRC_Prune;
      }else{
        return WRC_Continue;
      }
    }
................................................................................
    if( p->nSample<p->mxSample 
     || sampleIsBetter(p, &p->current, &p->a[p->iMin]) 
    ){
      sampleInsert(p, &p->current, 0);
    }
  }
#endif





}

/*
** Implementation of the stat_push SQL function:  stat_push(P,R,C)
** Arguments:
**
**    P     Pointer to the Stat4Accum object created by stat_init()
................................................................................
){
  int i;

  /* The three function arguments */
  Stat4Accum *p = (Stat4Accum*)sqlite3_value_blob(argv[0]);
  int iChng = sqlite3_value_int(argv[1]);



  assert( p->nCol>1 );        /* Includes rowid field */
  assert( iChng<p->nCol );

  if( p->nRow==0 ){
    /* This is the first call to this function. Do initialization. */
    for(i=0; i<p->nCol; i++) p->current.anEq[i] = 1;
  }else{
................................................................................

    char *zRet = sqlite3MallocZero(p->nCol * 25);
    if( zRet==0 ){
      sqlite3_result_error_nomem(context);
      return;
    }

    sqlite3_snprintf(24, zRet, "%lld", p->nRow);
    z = zRet + sqlite3Strlen30(zRet);
    for(i=0; i<(p->nCol-1); i++){
      i64 nDistinct = p->current.anDLt[i] + 1;
      i64 iVal = (p->nRow + nDistinct - 1) / nDistinct;
      sqlite3_snprintf(24, z, " %lld", iVal);
      z += sqlite3Strlen30(z);
      assert( p->current.anEq[i] );
    }
    assert( z[0]=='\0' && z>zRet );

    sqlite3_result_text(context, zRet, -1, sqlite3_free);
  }
................................................................................
      char *zRet = sqlite3MallocZero(p->nCol * 25);
      if( zRet==0 ){
        sqlite3_result_error_nomem(context);
      }else{
        int i;
        char *z = zRet;
        for(i=0; i<p->nCol; i++){
          sqlite3_snprintf(24, z, "%lld ", aCnt[i]);
          z += sqlite3Strlen30(z);
        }
        assert( z[0]=='\0' && z>zRet );
        z[-1] = '\0';
        sqlite3_result_text(context, zRet, -1, sqlite3_free);
      }
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4 */



}
static const FuncDef statGetFuncdef = {
  1+IsStat34,      /* nArg */
  SQLITE_UTF8,     /* funcFlags */
  0,               /* pUserData */
  0,               /* pNext */
  statGet,         /* xFunc */
................................................................................
  0                /* pDestructor */
};

static void callStatGet(Vdbe *v, int regStat4, int iParam, int regOut){
  assert( regOut!=regStat4 && regOut!=regStat4+1 );
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, iParam, regStat4+1);
#else
  assert( iParam==STAT_GET_STAT1 );


#endif
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Function, 0, regStat4, regOut);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char*)&statGetFuncdef, P4_FUNCDEF);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 1 + IsStat34);
}

/*
................................................................................

/*
** The first argument points to a nul-terminated string containing a
** list of space separated integers. Read the first nOut of these into
** the array aOut[].
*/
static void decodeIntArray(
  char *zIntArray, 
  int nOut, 
  tRowcnt *aOut, 
  int *pbUnordered
){
  char *z = zIntArray;
  int c;
  int i;
  tRowcnt v;

  assert( pbUnordered==0 || *pbUnordered==0 );

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  if( z==0 ) z = "";
#else
  if( NEVER(z==0) ) z = "";
#endif
  for(i=0; *z && i<nOut; i++){
    v = 0;
................................................................................
    while( (c=z[0])>='0' && c<='9' ){
      v = v*10 + c - '0';
      z++;
    }
    aOut[i] = v;
    if( *z==' ' ) z++;
  }






  if( pbUnordered && strcmp(z, "unordered")==0 ){
    *pbUnordered = 1;





  }
}

/*
** This callback is invoked once for each index when reading the
** sqlite_stat1 table.  
**
................................................................................
    pIndex = sqlite3FindIndex(pInfo->db, argv[1], pInfo->zDatabase);
  }else{
    pIndex = 0;
  }
  z = argv[2];

  if( pIndex ){
    int bUnordered = 0;
    decodeIntArray((char*)z, pIndex->nColumn+1, pIndex->aiRowEst,&bUnordered);
    if( pIndex->pPartIdxWhere==0 ) pTable->nRowEst = pIndex->aiRowEst[0];
    pIndex->bUnordered = bUnordered;
  }else{


    decodeIntArray((char*)z, 1, &pTable->nRowEst, 0);

  }

  return 0;
}

/*
** If the Index.aSample variable is not NULL, delete the aSample[] array
................................................................................
  codeAttach(pParse, SQLITE_ATTACH, &attach_func, p, p, pDbname, pKey);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_ATTACH */

/*
** Initialize a DbFixer structure.  This routine must be called prior
** to passing the structure to one of the sqliteFixAAAA() routines below.
**
** The return value indicates whether or not fixation is required.  TRUE
** means we do need to fix the database references, FALSE means we do not.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FixInit(
  DbFixer *pFix,      /* The fixer to be initialized */
  Parse *pParse,      /* Error messages will be written here */
  int iDb,            /* This is the database that must be used */
  const char *zType,  /* "view", "trigger", or "index" */
  const Token *pName  /* Name of the view, trigger, or index */
){
  sqlite3 *db;

  if( NEVER(iDb<0) || iDb==1 ) return 0;
  db = pParse->db;
  assert( db->nDb>iDb );
  pFix->pParse = pParse;
  pFix->zDb = db->aDb[iDb].zName;
  pFix->pSchema = db->aDb[iDb].pSchema;
  pFix->zType = zType;
  pFix->pName = pName;
  return 1;
}

/*
** The following set of routines walk through the parse tree and assign
** a specific database to all table references where the database name
** was left unspecified in the original SQL statement.  The pFix structure
** must have been initialized by a prior call to sqlite3FixInit().
................................................................................
  int i;
  const char *zDb;
  struct SrcList_item *pItem;

  if( NEVER(pList==0) ) return 0;
  zDb = pFix->zDb;
  for(i=0, pItem=pList->a; i<pList->nSrc; i++, pItem++){

    if( pItem->zDatabase && sqlite3StrICmp(pItem->zDatabase, zDb) ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pFix->pParse,
         "%s %T cannot reference objects in database %s",
         pFix->zType, pFix->pName, pItem->zDatabase);
      return 1;
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(pFix->pParse->db, pItem->zDatabase);
    pItem->zDatabase = 0;
    pItem->pSchema = pFix->pSchema;

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER)
    if( sqlite3FixSelect(pFix, pItem->pSelect) ) return 1;
    if( sqlite3FixExpr(pFix, pItem->pOn) ) return 1;
#endif
  }
  return 0;
}
................................................................................
      return 1;
    }
    if( sqlite3FixSrcList(pFix, pSelect->pSrc) ){
      return 1;
    }
    if( sqlite3FixExpr(pFix, pSelect->pWhere) ){
      return 1;



    }
    if( sqlite3FixExpr(pFix, pSelect->pHaving) ){
      return 1;









    }
    pSelect = pSelect->pPrior;
  }
  return 0;
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FixExpr(
  DbFixer *pFix,     /* Context of the fixation */
  Expr *pExpr        /* The expression to be fixed to one database */
){
  while( pExpr ){








    if( ExprHasAnyProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly) ) break;
    if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
      if( sqlite3FixSelect(pFix, pExpr->x.pSelect) ) return 1;
    }else{
      if( sqlite3FixExprList(pFix, pExpr->x.pList) ) return 1;
    }
    if( sqlite3FixExpr(pFix, pExpr->pRight) ){
      return 1;
................................................................................
    pParse->nErr++;
    goto begin_table_error;
  }
  pTable->zName = zName;
  pTable->iPKey = -1;
  pTable->pSchema = db->aDb[iDb].pSchema;
  pTable->nRef = 1;
  pTable->nRowEst = 1000000;
  assert( pParse->pNewTable==0 );
  pParse->pNewTable = pTable;

  /* If this is the magic sqlite_sequence table used by autoincrement,
  ** then record a pointer to this table in the main database structure
  ** so that INSERT can find the table easily.
  */
................................................................................
  pCol->zName = z;
 
  /* If there is no type specified, columns have the default affinity
  ** 'NONE'. If there is a type specified, then sqlite3AddColumnType() will
  ** be called next to set pCol->affinity correctly.
  */
  pCol->affinity = SQLITE_AFF_NONE;

  p->nCol++;
}

/*
** This routine is called by the parser while in the middle of
** parsing a CREATE TABLE statement.  A "NOT NULL" constraint has
** been seen on a column.  This routine sets the notNull flag on
................................................................................
** 'REAL'        | SQLITE_AFF_REAL
** 'FLOA'        | SQLITE_AFF_REAL
** 'DOUB'        | SQLITE_AFF_REAL
**
** If none of the substrings in the above table are found,
** SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC is returned.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE char sqlite3AffinityType(const char *zIn){
  u32 h = 0;
  char aff = SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC;



  if( zIn ) while( zIn[0] ){
    h = (h<<8) + sqlite3UpperToLower[(*zIn)&0xff];
    zIn++;
    if( h==(('c'<<24)+('h'<<16)+('a'<<8)+'r') ){             /* CHAR */
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_TEXT; 

    }else if( h==(('c'<<24)+('l'<<16)+('o'<<8)+'b') ){       /* CLOB */
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_TEXT;
    }else if( h==(('t'<<24)+('e'<<16)+('x'<<8)+'t') ){       /* TEXT */
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_TEXT;
    }else if( h==(('b'<<24)+('l'<<16)+('o'<<8)+'b')          /* BLOB */
        && (aff==SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC || aff==SQLITE_AFF_REAL) ){
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_NONE;

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
    }else if( h==(('r'<<24)+('e'<<16)+('a'<<8)+'l')          /* REAL */
        && aff==SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC ){
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_REAL;
    }else if( h==(('f'<<24)+('l'<<16)+('o'<<8)+'a')          /* FLOA */
        && aff==SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC ){
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_REAL;
................................................................................
#endif
    }else if( (h&0x00FFFFFF)==(('i'<<16)+('n'<<8)+'t') ){    /* INT */
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER;
      break;
    }
  }























  return aff;
}

/*
** This routine is called by the parser while in the middle of
** parsing a CREATE TABLE statement.  The pFirst token is the first
** token in the sequence of tokens that describe the type of the
................................................................................
  Column *pCol;

  p = pParse->pNewTable;
  if( p==0 || NEVER(p->nCol<1) ) return;
  pCol = &p->aCol[p->nCol-1];
  assert( pCol->zType==0 );
  pCol->zType = sqlite3NameFromToken(pParse->db, pType);
  pCol->affinity = sqlite3AffinityType(pCol->zType);
}

/*
** The expression is the default value for the most recently added column
** of the table currently under construction.
**
** Default value expressions must be constant.  Raise an exception if this
................................................................................
    testcase( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC );
    testcase( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER );
    testcase( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_REAL );
    
    zType = azType[pCol->affinity - SQLITE_AFF_TEXT];
    len = sqlite3Strlen30(zType);
    assert( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_NONE 
            || pCol->affinity==sqlite3AffinityType(zType) );
    memcpy(&zStmt[k], zType, len);
    k += len;
    assert( k<=n );
  }
  sqlite3_snprintf(n-k, &zStmt[k], "%s", zEnd);
  return zStmt;
}





























/*
** This routine is called to report the final ")" that terminates
** a CREATE TABLE statement.
**
** The table structure that other action routines have been building
** is added to the internal hash tables, assuming no errors have
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3EndTable(
  Parse *pParse,          /* Parse context */
  Token *pCons,           /* The ',' token after the last column defn. */
  Token *pEnd,            /* The final ')' token in the CREATE TABLE */
  Select *pSelect         /* Select from a "CREATE ... AS SELECT" */
){
  Table *p;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  int iDb;


  if( (pEnd==0 && pSelect==0) || db->mallocFailed ){
    return;
  }
  p = pParse->pNewTable;
  if( p==0 ) return;

................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK
  /* Resolve names in all CHECK constraint expressions.
  */
  if( p->pCheck ){
    sqlite3ResolveSelfReference(pParse, p, NC_IsCheck, 0, p->pCheck);
  }
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK) */







  /* If the db->init.busy is 1 it means we are reading the SQL off the
  ** "sqlite_master" or "sqlite_temp_master" table on the disk.
  ** So do not write to the disk again.  Extract the root page number
  ** for the table from the db->init.newTnum field.  (The page number
  ** should have been put there by the sqliteOpenCb routine.)
  */
................................................................................
  p = pParse->pNewTable;
  if( p==0 || pParse->nErr ){
    sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pSelect);
    return;
  }
  sqlite3TwoPartName(pParse, pName1, pName2, &pName);
  iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, p->pSchema);
  if( sqlite3FixInit(&sFix, pParse, iDb, "view", pName)
    && sqlite3FixSelect(&sFix, pSelect)
  ){
    sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pSelect);
    return;
  }

  /* Make a copy of the entire SELECT statement that defines the view.
  ** This will force all the Expr.token.z values to be dynamically
  ** allocated rather than point to the input string - which means that
................................................................................
  DbFixer sFix;        /* For assigning database names to pTable */
  int sortOrderMask;   /* 1 to honor DESC in index.  0 to ignore. */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  Db *pDb;             /* The specific table containing the indexed database */
  int iDb;             /* Index of the database that is being written */
  Token *pName = 0;    /* Unqualified name of the index to create */
  struct ExprList_item *pListItem; /* For looping over pList */
  int nCol;

  int nExtra = 0;
  char *zExtra;


  assert( pParse->nErr==0 );      /* Never called with prior errors */
  if( db->mallocFailed || IN_DECLARE_VTAB ){
    goto exit_create_index;
  }
  if( SQLITE_OK!=sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ){
    goto exit_create_index;
................................................................................
      pTab = sqlite3SrcListLookup(pParse, pTblName);
      if( pName2->n==0 && pTab && pTab->pSchema==db->aDb[1].pSchema ){
        iDb = 1;
      }
    }
#endif

    if( sqlite3FixInit(&sFix, pParse, iDb, "index", pName) &&
        sqlite3FixSrcList(&sFix, pTblName)
    ){
      /* Because the parser constructs pTblName from a single identifier,
      ** sqlite3FixSrcList can never fail. */
      assert(0);
    }
    pTab = sqlite3LocateTableItem(pParse, 0, &pTblName->a[0]);
    assert( db->mallocFailed==0 || pTab==0 );
    if( pTab==0 ) goto exit_create_index;
................................................................................
  ** more than once within the same index.  Only the first instance of
  ** the column will ever be used by the optimizer.  Note that using the
  ** same column more than once cannot be an error because that would 
  ** break backwards compatibility - it needs to be a warning.
  */
  for(i=0, pListItem=pList->a; i<pList->nExpr; i++, pListItem++){
    const char *zColName = pListItem->zName;
    Column *pTabCol;
    int requestedSortOrder;
    char *zColl;                   /* Collation sequence name */

    for(j=0, pTabCol=pTab->aCol; j<pTab->nCol; j++, pTabCol++){
      if( sqlite3StrICmp(zColName, pTabCol->zName)==0 ) break;
    }
    if( j>=pTab->nCol ){
................................................................................
    }
    pIndex->azColl[i] = zColl;
    requestedSortOrder = pListItem->sortOrder & sortOrderMask;
    pIndex->aSortOrder[i] = (u8)requestedSortOrder;
    if( pTab->aCol[j].notNull==0 ) pIndex->uniqNotNull = 0;
  }
  sqlite3DefaultRowEst(pIndex);


  if( pTab==pParse->pNewTable ){
    /* This routine has been called to create an automatic index as a
    ** result of a PRIMARY KEY or UNIQUE clause on a column definition, or
    ** a PRIMARY KEY or UNIQUE clause following the column definitions.
    ** i.e. one of:
    **
................................................................................
  ** It is easier just to erase the whole table. Prior to version 3.6.5,
  ** this optimization caused the row change count (the value returned by 
  ** API function sqlite3_count_changes) to be set incorrectly.  */
  if( rcauth==SQLITE_OK && pWhere==0 && !pTrigger && !IsVirtual(pTab) 
   && 0==sqlite3FkRequired(pParse, pTab, 0, 0)
  ){
    assert( !isView );

    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Clear, pTab->tnum, iDb, memCnt,
                      pTab->zName, P4_STATIC);
    for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
      assert( pIdx->pSchema==pTab->pSchema );
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Clear, pIdx->tnum, iDb);
    }
  }else
................................................................................
      }
      sqlite3_result_text(context, z1, n, sqlite3_free);
    }
  }
}

/*
** The COALESCE() and IFNULL() functions are implemented as VDBE code so
** that unused argument values do not have to be computed.  However, we
** still need some kind of function implementation for this routines in
** the function table.  That function implementation will never be called
** so it doesn't matter what the implementation is.  We might as well use
** the "version()" function as a substitute.
*/
#define ifnullFunc versionFunc   /* Substitute function - never called */

/*
** Implementation of random().  Return a random integer.  
*/
static void randomFunc(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int NotUsed,
................................................................................
** For LIKE and GLOB matching on EBCDIC machines, assume that every
** character is exactly one byte in size.  Also, all characters are
** able to participate in upper-case-to-lower-case mappings in EBCDIC
** whereas only characters less than 0x80 do in ASCII.
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_EBCDIC)
# define sqlite3Utf8Read(A)    (*((*A)++))
# define GlogUpperToLower(A)   A = sqlite3UpperToLower[A]
#else
# define GlogUpperToLower(A)   if( !((A)&~0x7f) ){ A = sqlite3UpperToLower[A]; }
#endif

static const struct compareInfo globInfo = { '*', '?', '[', 0 };
/* The correct SQL-92 behavior is for the LIKE operator to ignore
** case.  Thus  'a' LIKE 'A' would be true. */
static const struct compareInfo likeInfoNorm = { '%', '_',   0, 1 };
/* If SQLITE_CASE_SENSITIVE_LIKE is defined, then the LIKE operator
................................................................................
        while( *zString && patternCompare(&zPattern[-1],zString,pInfo,esc)==0 ){
          SQLITE_SKIP_UTF8(zString);
        }
        return *zString!=0;
      }
      while( (c2 = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zString))!=0 ){
        if( noCase ){
          GlogUpperToLower(c2);
          GlogUpperToLower(c);
          while( c2 != 0 && c2 != c ){
            c2 = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zString);
            GlogUpperToLower(c2);
          }
        }else{
          while( c2 != 0 && c2 != c ){
            c2 = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zString);
          }
        }
        if( c2==0 ) return 0;
................................................................................
        return 0;
      }
    }else if( esc==c && !prevEscape ){
      prevEscape = 1;
    }else{
      c2 = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zString);
      if( noCase ){
        GlogUpperToLower(c);
        GlogUpperToLower(c2);
      }
      if( c!=c2 ){
        return 0;
      }
      prevEscape = 0;
    }
  }
................................................................................
    FUNCTION(round,              1, 0, 0, roundFunc        ),
    FUNCTION(round,              2, 0, 0, roundFunc        ),
#endif
    FUNCTION(upper,              1, 0, 0, upperFunc        ),
    FUNCTION(lower,              1, 0, 0, lowerFunc        ),
    FUNCTION(coalesce,           1, 0, 0, 0                ),
    FUNCTION(coalesce,           0, 0, 0, 0                ),
    FUNCTION2(coalesce,         -1, 0, 0, ifnullFunc,  SQLITE_FUNC_COALESCE),
    FUNCTION(hex,                1, 0, 0, hexFunc          ),
    FUNCTION2(ifnull,            2, 0, 0, ifnullFunc,  SQLITE_FUNC_COALESCE),


    FUNCTION(random,             0, 0, 0, randomFunc       ),
    FUNCTION(randomblob,         1, 0, 0, randomBlob       ),
    FUNCTION(nullif,             2, 0, 1, nullifFunc       ),
    FUNCTION(sqlite_version,     0, 0, 0, versionFunc      ),
    FUNCTION(sqlite_source_id,   0, 0, 0, sourceidFunc     ),
    FUNCTION(sqlite_log,         2, 0, 0, errlogFunc       ),
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_COMPILEOPTION_DIAGS
................................................................................
      /* Search for a deferred foreign key constraint for which this table
      ** is the child table. If one cannot be found, return without 
      ** generating any VDBE code. If one can be found, then jump over
      ** the entire DELETE if there are no outstanding deferred constraints
      ** when this statement is run.  */
      FKey *p;
      for(p=pTab->pFKey; p; p=p->pNextFrom){
        if( p->isDeferred ) break;
      }
      if( !p ) return;
      iSkip = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_FkIfZero, 1, iSkip);
    }

    pParse->disableTriggers = 1;
    sqlite3DeleteFrom(pParse, sqlite3SrcListDup(db, pName, 0), 0);
    pParse->disableTriggers = 0;

    /* If the DELETE has generated immediate foreign key constraint 
    ** violations, halt the VDBE and return an error at this point, before
    ** any modifications to the schema are made. This is because statement
    ** transactions are not able to rollback schema changes.  */






    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_FkIfZero, 0, sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)+2);
    sqlite3HaltConstraint(pParse, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FOREIGNKEY,
        OE_Abort, "foreign key constraint failed", P4_STATIC
    );


    if( iSkip ){
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iSkip);
    }
  }
}

................................................................................
    pKey = sqlite3IndexKeyinfo(pParse, pSrcIdx);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_OpenRead, iSrc, pSrcIdx->tnum, iDbSrc,
                      (char*)pKey, P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF);
    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pSrcIdx->zName));
    pKey = sqlite3IndexKeyinfo(pParse, pDestIdx);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_OpenWrite, iDest, pDestIdx->tnum, iDbDest,
                      (char*)pKey, P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF);

    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pDestIdx->zName));
    addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iSrc, 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowKey, iSrc, regData);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IdxInsert, iDest, regData, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iSrc, addr1+1);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);
  }
................................................................................
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains code used to implement the PRAGMA command.
*/



































































































































































































































































































































































































































/*
** Interpret the given string as a safety level.  Return 0 for OFF,
** 1 for ON or NORMAL and 2 for FULL.  Return 1 for an empty or 
** unrecognized string argument.  The FULL option is disallowed
** if the omitFull parameter it 1.
**
** Note that the values returned are one less that the values that
................................................................................
  }
}
#else
# define setAllPagerFlags(X)  /* no-op */
#endif


#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLAG_PRAGMAS
/*
** Check to see if zRight and zLeft refer to a pragma that queries
** or changes one of the flags in db->flags.  Return 1 if so and 0 if not.
** Also, implement the pragma.
*/
static int flagPragma(Parse *pParse, const char *zLeft, const char *zRight){
  static const struct sPragmaType {
    const char *zName;  /* Name of the pragma */
    int mask;           /* Mask for the db->flags value */
  } aPragma[] = {
    { "full_column_names",        SQLITE_FullColNames  },
    { "short_column_names",       SQLITE_ShortColNames },
    { "count_changes",            SQLITE_CountRows     },
    { "empty_result_callbacks",   SQLITE_NullCallback  },
    { "legacy_file_format",       SQLITE_LegacyFileFmt },
    { "fullfsync",                SQLITE_FullFSync     },
    { "checkpoint_fullfsync",     SQLITE_CkptFullFSync },
    { "cache_spill",              SQLITE_CacheSpill    },
    { "reverse_unordered_selects", SQLITE_ReverseOrder  },
    { "query_only",               SQLITE_QueryOnly     },
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOMATIC_INDEX
    { "automatic_index",          SQLITE_AutoIndex     },
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    { "sql_trace",                SQLITE_SqlTrace      },
    { "vdbe_listing",             SQLITE_VdbeListing   },
    { "vdbe_trace",               SQLITE_VdbeTrace     },
    { "vdbe_addoptrace",          SQLITE_VdbeAddopTrace},
    { "vdbe_debug",    SQLITE_SqlTrace | SQLITE_VdbeListing
                               | SQLITE_VdbeTrace      },
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK
    { "ignore_check_constraints", SQLITE_IgnoreChecks  },
#endif
    /* The following is VERY experimental */
    { "writable_schema",          SQLITE_WriteSchema|SQLITE_RecoveryMode },

    /* TODO: Maybe it shouldn't be possible to change the ReadUncommitted
    ** flag if there are any active statements. */
    { "read_uncommitted",         SQLITE_ReadUncommitted },
    { "recursive_triggers",       SQLITE_RecTriggers   },

    /* This flag may only be set if both foreign-key and trigger support
    ** are present in the build.  */
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER)
    { "foreign_keys",             SQLITE_ForeignKeys   },
    { "defer_foreign_keys",       SQLITE_DeferFKs      },
#endif
  };
  int i;
  const struct sPragmaType *p;
  for(i=0, p=aPragma; i<ArraySize(aPragma); i++, p++){
    if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, p->zName)==0 ){
      sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
      Vdbe *v;
      v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
      assert( v!=0 );  /* Already allocated by sqlite3Pragma() */
      if( ALWAYS(v) ){
        if( zRight==0 ){
          returnSingleInt(pParse, p->zName, (db->flags & p->mask)!=0 );
        }else{
          int mask = p->mask;          /* Mask of bits to set or clear. */
          if( db->autoCommit==0 ){
            /* Foreign key support may not be enabled or disabled while not
            ** in auto-commit mode.  */
            mask &= ~(SQLITE_ForeignKeys);
          }

          if( sqlite3GetBoolean(zRight, 0) ){
            db->flags |= mask;
          }else{
            db->flags &= ~mask;
            if( mask==SQLITE_DeferFKs ) db->nDeferredImmCons = 0;
          }

          /* Many of the flag-pragmas modify the code generated by the SQL 
          ** compiler (eg. count_changes). So add an opcode to expire all
          ** compiled SQL statements after modifying a pragma value.
          */
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Expire, 0, 0);
        }
      }

      return 1;
    }
  }
  return 0;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_FLAG_PRAGMAS */

/*
** Return a human-readable name for a constraint resolution action.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
static const char *actionName(u8 action){
  const char *zName;
  switch( action ){
................................................................................
  Token *pValue,      /* Token for <value>, or NULL */
  int minusFlag       /* True if a '-' sign preceded <value> */
){
  char *zLeft = 0;       /* Nul-terminated UTF-8 string <id> */
  char *zRight = 0;      /* Nul-terminated UTF-8 string <value>, or NULL */
  const char *zDb = 0;   /* The database name */
  Token *pId;            /* Pointer to <id> token */
  int iDb;               /* Database index for <database> */
  char *aFcntl[4];       /* Argument to SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA */


  int rc;                      /* return value form SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;    /* The database connection */
  Db *pDb;                     /* The specific database being pragmaed */
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);  /* Prepared statement */

  if( v==0 ) return;
  sqlite3VdbeRunOnlyOnce(v);
................................................................................
      int mem = ++pParse->nMem;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, mem, 0, aFcntl[0], 0);
      sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "result", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, mem, 1);
      sqlite3_free(aFcntl[0]);
    }


  }else if( rc!=SQLITE_NOTFOUND ){
    if( aFcntl[0] ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "%s", aFcntl[0]);
      sqlite3_free(aFcntl[0]);
    }
    pParse->nErr++;
    pParse->rc = rc;












  }else

                            
 










#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_DEPRECATED)
  /*
  **  PRAGMA [database.]default_cache_size
  **  PRAGMA [database.]default_cache_size=N
  **
  ** The first form reports the current persistent setting for the
  ** page cache size.  The value returned is the maximum number of
................................................................................
  **
  ** Older versions of SQLite would set the default cache size to a
  ** negative number to indicate synchronous=OFF.  These days, synchronous
  ** is always on by default regardless of the sign of the default cache
  ** size.  But continue to take the absolute value of the default cache
  ** size of historical compatibility.
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft,"default_cache_size")==0 ){
    static const VdbeOpList getCacheSize[] = {
      { OP_Transaction, 0, 0,        0},                         /* 0 */
      { OP_ReadCookie,  0, 1,        BTREE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE},  /* 1 */
      { OP_IfPos,       1, 8,        0},
      { OP_Integer,     0, 2,        0},
      { OP_Subtract,    1, 2,        1},
      { OP_IfPos,       1, 8,        0},
      { OP_Integer,     0, 1,        0},                         /* 6 */
      { OP_Noop,        0, 0,        0},
      { OP_ResultRow,   1, 1,        0},
    };
    int addr;
    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ) goto pragma_out;
    sqlite3VdbeUsesBtree(v, iDb);
    if( !zRight ){
      sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "cache_size", SQLITE_STATIC);
      pParse->nMem += 2;
      addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(v, ArraySize(getCacheSize), getCacheSize);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, addr, iDb);
................................................................................
      sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 0, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, size, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_SetCookie, iDb, BTREE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE, 1);
      assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );
      pDb->pSchema->cache_size = size;
      sqlite3BtreeSetCacheSize(pDb->pBt, pDb->pSchema->cache_size);
    }
  }else

#endif /* !SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS && !SQLITE_OMIT_DEPRECATED */

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS)
  /*
  **  PRAGMA [database.]page_size
  **  PRAGMA [database.]page_size=N
  **
  ** The first form reports the current setting for the
  ** database page size in bytes.  The second form sets the
  ** database page size value.  The value can only be set if
  ** the database has not yet been created.
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft,"page_size")==0 ){
    Btree *pBt = pDb->pBt;
    assert( pBt!=0 );
    if( !zRight ){
      int size = ALWAYS(pBt) ? sqlite3BtreeGetPageSize(pBt) : 0;
      returnSingleInt(pParse, "page_size", size);
    }else{
      /* Malloc may fail when setting the page-size, as there is an internal
................................................................................
      ** buffer that the pager module resizes using sqlite3_realloc().
      */
      db->nextPagesize = sqlite3Atoi(zRight);
      if( SQLITE_NOMEM==sqlite3BtreeSetPageSize(pBt, db->nextPagesize,-1,0) ){
        db->mallocFailed = 1;
      }
    }
  }else


  /*
  **  PRAGMA [database.]secure_delete
  **  PRAGMA [database.]secure_delete=ON/OFF
  **
  ** The first form reports the current setting for the
  ** secure_delete flag.  The second form changes the secure_delete
  ** flag setting and reports thenew value.
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft,"secure_delete")==0 ){
    Btree *pBt = pDb->pBt;
    int b = -1;
    assert( pBt!=0 );
    if( zRight ){
      b = sqlite3GetBoolean(zRight, 0);
    }
    if( pId2->n==0 && b>=0 ){
................................................................................
      int ii;
      for(ii=0; ii<db->nDb; ii++){
        sqlite3BtreeSecureDelete(db->aDb[ii].pBt, b);
      }
    }
    b = sqlite3BtreeSecureDelete(pBt, b);
    returnSingleInt(pParse, "secure_delete", b);
  }else


  /*
  **  PRAGMA [database.]max_page_count
  **  PRAGMA [database.]max_page_count=N
  **
  ** The first form reports the current setting for the
  ** maximum number of pages in the database file.  The 
................................................................................
  ** change.  The only purpose is to provide an easy way to test
  ** the sqlite3AbsInt32() function.
  **
  **  PRAGMA [database.]page_count
  **
  ** Return the number of pages in the specified database.
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft,"page_count")==0
   || sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft,"max_page_count")==0
  ){
    int iReg;
    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ) goto pragma_out;
    sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
    iReg = ++pParse->nMem;
    if( sqlite3Tolower(zLeft[0])=='p' ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Pagecount, iDb, iReg);
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MaxPgcnt, iDb, iReg, 
                        sqlite3AbsInt32(sqlite3Atoi(zRight)));
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, iReg, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, zLeft, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
  }else


  /*
  **  PRAGMA [database.]locking_mode
  **  PRAGMA [database.]locking_mode = (normal|exclusive)
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft,"locking_mode")==0 ){
    const char *zRet = "normal";
    int eMode = getLockingMode(zRight);

    if( pId2->n==0 && eMode==PAGER_LOCKINGMODE_QUERY ){
      /* Simple "PRAGMA locking_mode;" statement. This is a query for
      ** the current default locking mode (which may be different to
      ** the locking-mode of the main database).
................................................................................
        }
        db->dfltLockMode = (u8)eMode;
      }
      pPager = sqlite3BtreePager(pDb->pBt);
      eMode = sqlite3PagerLockingMode(pPager, eMode);
    }


    assert(eMode==PAGER_LOCKINGMODE_NORMAL||eMode==PAGER_LOCKINGMODE_EXCLUSIVE);
    if( eMode==PAGER_LOCKINGMODE_EXCLUSIVE ){
      zRet = "exclusive";
    }
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "locking_mode", SQLITE_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 1, 0, zRet, 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 1);
  }else


  /*
  **  PRAGMA [database.]journal_mode
  **  PRAGMA [database.]journal_mode =
  **                      (delete|persist|off|truncate|memory|wal|off)
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft,"journal_mode")==0 ){
    int eMode;        /* One of the PAGER_JOURNALMODE_XXX symbols */
    int ii;           /* Loop counter */

    /* Force the schema to be loaded on all databases.  This causes all
    ** database files to be opened and the journal_modes set.  This is
    ** necessary because subsequent processing must know if the databases
    ** are in WAL mode. */
    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ){
      goto pragma_out;
    }

    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "journal_mode", SQLITE_STATIC);

    if( zRight==0 ){
      /* If there is no "=MODE" part of the pragma, do a query for the
      ** current mode */
      eMode = PAGER_JOURNALMODE_QUERY;
................................................................................
    for(ii=db->nDb-1; ii>=0; ii--){
      if( db->aDb[ii].pBt && (ii==iDb || pId2->n==0) ){
        sqlite3VdbeUsesBtree(v, ii);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_JournalMode, ii, 1, eMode);
      }
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 1);
  }else


  /*
  **  PRAGMA [database.]journal_size_limit
  **  PRAGMA [database.]journal_size_limit=N
  **
  ** Get or set the size limit on rollback journal files.
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft,"journal_size_limit")==0 ){
    Pager *pPager = sqlite3BtreePager(pDb->pBt);
    i64 iLimit = -2;
    if( zRight ){
      sqlite3Atoi64(zRight, &iLimit, sqlite3Strlen30(zRight), SQLITE_UTF8);
      if( iLimit<-1 ) iLimit = -1;
    }
    iLimit = sqlite3PagerJournalSizeLimit(pPager, iLimit);
    returnSingleInt(pParse, "journal_size_limit", iLimit);
  }else


#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS */

  /*
  **  PRAGMA [database.]auto_vacuum
  **  PRAGMA [database.]auto_vacuum=N
  **
  ** Get or set the value of the database 'auto-vacuum' parameter.
  ** The value is one of:  0 NONE 1 FULL 2 INCREMENTAL
  */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft,"auto_vacuum")==0 ){
    Btree *pBt = pDb->pBt;
    assert( pBt!=0 );
    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ){
      goto pragma_out;
    }
    if( !zRight ){
      int auto_vacuum;
      if( ALWAYS(pBt) ){
         auto_vacuum = sqlite3BtreeGetAutoVacuum(pBt);
      }else{
         auto_vacuum = SQLITE_DEFAULT_AUTOVACUUM;
      }
      returnSingleInt(pParse, "auto_vacuum", auto_vacuum);
    }else{
      int eAuto = getAutoVacuum(zRight);
      assert( eAuto>=0 && eAuto<=2 );
      db->nextAutovac = (u8)eAuto;
      if( ALWAYS(eAuto>=0) ){
        /* Call SetAutoVacuum() to set initialize the internal auto and
        ** incr-vacuum flags. This is required in case this connection
        ** creates the database file. It is important that it is created
        ** as an auto-vacuum capable db.
        */
        rc = sqlite3BtreeSetAutoVacuum(pBt, eAuto);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK && (eAuto==1 || eAuto==2) ){
          /* When setting the auto_vacuum mode to either "full" or 
          ** "incremental", write the value of meta[6] in the database
          ** file. Before writing to meta[6], check that meta[3] indicates
          ** that this really is an auto-vacuum capable database.
          */
          static const VdbeOpList setMeta6[] = {
            { OP_Transaction,    0,         1,                 0},    /* 0 */
            { OP_ReadCookie,     0,         1,         BTREE_LARGEST_ROOT_PAGE},
            { OP_If,             1,         0,                 0},    /* 2 */
            { OP_Halt,           SQLITE_OK, OE_Abort,          0},    /* 3 */
            { OP_Integer,        0,         1,                 0},    /* 4 */
            { OP_SetCookie,      0,         BTREE_INCR_VACUUM, 1},    /* 5 */
          };
          int iAddr;
          iAddr = sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(v, ArraySize(setMeta6), setMeta6);
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, iAddr, iDb);
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, iAddr+1, iDb);
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(v, iAddr+2, iAddr+4);
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, iAddr+4, eAuto-1);
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, iAddr+5, iDb);
          sqlite3VdbeUsesBtree(v, iDb);
        }
      }

    }
  }else
#endif

  /*
  **  PRAGMA [database.]incremental_vacuum(N)
  **
  ** Do N steps of incremental vacuuming on a database.
  */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft,"incremental_vacuum")==0 ){

    int iLimit, addr;
    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ){
      goto pragma_out;
    }
    if( zRight==0 || !sqlite3GetInt32(zRight, &iLimit) || iLimit<=0 ){
      iLimit = 0x7fffffff;
    }
    sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 0, iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, iLimit, 1);
    addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IncrVacuum, iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_ResultRow, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, 1, -1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IfPos, 1, addr);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);
  }else

#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS
  /*
  **  PRAGMA [database.]cache_size
  **  PRAGMA [database.]cache_size=N
  **
................................................................................
  ** The first form reports the current local setting for the
  ** page cache size. The second form sets the local
  ** page cache size value.  If N is positive then that is the
  ** number of pages in the cache.  If N is negative, then the
  ** number of pages is adjusted so that the cache uses -N kibibytes
  ** of memory.
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft,"cache_size")==0 ){
    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ) goto pragma_out;
    assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );
    if( !zRight ){
      returnSingleInt(pParse, "cache_size", pDb->pSchema->cache_size);
    }else{
      int size = sqlite3Atoi(zRight);
      pDb->pSchema->cache_size = size;
      sqlite3BtreeSetCacheSize(pDb->pBt, pDb->pSchema->cache_size);
    }
  }else


  /*
  **  PRAGMA [database.]mmap_size(N)
  **
  ** Used to set mapping size limit. The mapping size limit is
  ** used to limit the aggregate size of all memory mapped regions of the
  ** database file. If this parameter is set to zero, then memory mapping
................................................................................
  ** limit determined by sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_MMAP_SIZE) is set.
  ** The parameter N is measured in bytes.
  **
  ** This value is advisory.  The underlying VFS is free to memory map
  ** as little or as much as it wants.  Except, if N is set to 0 then the
  ** upper layers will never invoke the xFetch interfaces to the VFS.
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft,"mmap_size")==0 ){
    sqlite3_int64 sz;
#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
    assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );
    if( zRight ){
      int ii;
      sqlite3Atoi64(zRight, &sz, sqlite3Strlen30(zRight), SQLITE_UTF8);
      if( sz<0 ) sz = sqlite3GlobalConfig.szMmap;
................................................................................
#endif
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      returnSingleInt(pParse, "mmap_size", sz);
    }else if( rc!=SQLITE_NOTFOUND ){
      pParse->nErr++;
      pParse->rc = rc;
    }
  }else


  /*
  **   PRAGMA temp_store
  **   PRAGMA temp_store = "default"|"memory"|"file"
  **
  ** Return or set the local value of the temp_store flag.  Changing
  ** the local value does not make changes to the disk file and the default
  ** value will be restored the next time the database is opened.
  **
  ** Note that it is possible for the library compile-time options to
  ** override this setting
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "temp_store")==0 ){
    if( !zRight ){
      returnSingleInt(pParse, "temp_store", db->temp_store);
    }else{
      changeTempStorage(pParse, zRight);
    }
  }else


  /*
  **   PRAGMA temp_store_directory
  **   PRAGMA temp_store_directory = ""|"directory_name"
  **
  ** Return or set the local value of the temp_store_directory flag.  Changing
  ** the value sets a specific directory to be used for temporary files.
  ** Setting to a null string reverts to the default temporary directory search.
  ** If temporary directory is changed, then invalidateTempStorage.
  **
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "temp_store_directory")==0 ){
    if( !zRight ){
      if( sqlite3_temp_directory ){
        sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, 
            "temp_store_directory", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 1, 0, sqlite3_temp_directory, 0);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 1);
................................................................................
      if( zRight[0] ){
        sqlite3_temp_directory = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", zRight);
      }else{
        sqlite3_temp_directory = 0;
      }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_WSD */
    }
  }else


#if SQLITE_OS_WIN
  /*
  **   PRAGMA data_store_directory
  **   PRAGMA data_store_directory = ""|"directory_name"
  **
  ** Return or set the local value of the data_store_directory flag.  Changing
................................................................................
  ** were specified with a relative pathname.  Setting to a null string reverts
  ** to the default database directory, which for database files specified with
  ** a relative path will probably be based on the current directory for the
  ** process.  Database file specified with an absolute path are not impacted
  ** by this setting, regardless of its value.
  **
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "data_store_directory")==0 ){
    if( !zRight ){
      if( sqlite3_data_directory ){
        sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, 
            "data_store_directory", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 1, 0, sqlite3_data_directory, 0);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 1);
................................................................................
      if( zRight[0] ){
        sqlite3_data_directory = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", zRight);
      }else{
        sqlite3_data_directory = 0;
      }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_WSD */
    }
  }else
#endif

#if !defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE)
#  if defined(__APPLE__)
#    define SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE 1
#  else
#    define SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE 0
#  endif
#endif

#if SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE
  /*
   **   PRAGMA [database.]lock_proxy_file
   **   PRAGMA [database.]lock_proxy_file = ":auto:"|"lock_file_path"
   **
   ** Return or set the value of the lock_proxy_file flag.  Changing
   ** the value sets a specific file to be used for database access locks.
   **
   */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "lock_proxy_file")==0 ){

    if( !zRight ){
      Pager *pPager = sqlite3BtreePager(pDb->pBt);
      char *proxy_file_path = NULL;
      sqlite3_file *pFile = sqlite3PagerFile(pPager);
      sqlite3OsFileControlHint(pFile, SQLITE_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE, 
                           &proxy_file_path);
      
................................................................................
                                     NULL);
      }
      if( res!=SQLITE_OK ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "failed to set lock proxy file");
        goto pragma_out;
      }
    }
  }else

#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE */      
    
  /*
  **   PRAGMA [database.]synchronous
  **   PRAGMA [database.]synchronous=OFF|ON|NORMAL|FULL
  **
  ** Return or set the local value of the synchronous flag.  Changing
  ** the local value does not make changes to the disk file and the
  ** default value will be restored the next time the database is
  ** opened.
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft,"synchronous")==0 ){
    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ) goto pragma_out;
    if( !zRight ){
      returnSingleInt(pParse, "synchronous", pDb->safety_level-1);
    }else{
      if( !db->autoCommit ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, 
            "Safety level may not be changed inside a transaction");
      }else{
        pDb->safety_level = getSafetyLevel(zRight,0,1)+1;
        setAllPagerFlags(db);
      }
    }
  }else

#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLAG_PRAGMAS
  if( flagPragma(pParse, zLeft, zRight) ){
    setAllPagerFlags(db);



  }else























#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_FLAG_PRAGMAS */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SCHEMA_PRAGMAS
  /*
  **   PRAGMA table_info(<table>)
  **
  ** Return a single row for each column of the named table. The columns of
................................................................................
  **
  ** cid:        Column id (numbered from left to right, starting at 0)
  ** name:       Column name
  ** type:       Column declaration type.
  ** notnull:    True if 'NOT NULL' is part of column declaration
  ** dflt_value: The default value for the column, if any.
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "table_info")==0 && zRight ){
    Table *pTab;
    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ) goto pragma_out;
    pTab = sqlite3FindTable(db, zRight, zDb);
    if( pTab ){
      int i, k;
      int nHidden = 0;
      Column *pCol;
      Index *pPk;
      for(pPk=pTab->pIndex; pPk && pPk->autoIndex!=2; pPk=pPk->pNext){}
................................................................................
        }else{
          for(k=1; ALWAYS(k<=pTab->nCol) && pPk->aiColumn[k-1]!=i; k++){}
        }
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, k, 6);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 6);
      }
    }
  }else

  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "index_info")==0 && zRight ){



    Index *pIdx;






























    Table *pTab;
    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ) goto pragma_out;
    pIdx = sqlite3FindIndex(db, zRight, zDb);
    if( pIdx ){
      int i;
      pTab = pIdx->pTable;
      sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 3);
      pParse->nMem = 3;
      sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
................................................................................
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i, 1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, cnum, 2);
        assert( pTab->nCol>cnum );
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 3, 0, pTab->aCol[cnum].zName, 0);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 3);
      }
    }
  }else

  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "index_list")==0 && zRight ){



    Index *pIdx;
    Table *pTab;
    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ) goto pragma_out;

    pTab = sqlite3FindTable(db, zRight, zDb);
    if( pTab ){
      v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
      pIdx = pTab->pIndex;
      if( pIdx ){
        int i = 0; 
        sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 3);
        pParse->nMem = 3;
        sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "seq", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 1, COLNAME_NAME, "name", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 2, COLNAME_NAME, "unique", SQLITE_STATIC);
        while(pIdx){

          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i, 1);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 2, 0, pIdx->zName, 0);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, pIdx->onError!=OE_None, 3);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 3);
          ++i;
          pIdx = pIdx->pNext;
        }
      }
    }
  }else


  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "database_list")==0 ){

    int i;
    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ) goto pragma_out;
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 3);
    pParse->nMem = 3;
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "seq", SQLITE_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 1, COLNAME_NAME, "name", SQLITE_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 2, COLNAME_NAME, "file", SQLITE_STATIC);
    for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
      if( db->aDb[i].pBt==0 ) continue;
................................................................................
      assert( db->aDb[i].zName!=0 );
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 2, 0, db->aDb[i].zName, 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 3, 0,
           sqlite3BtreeGetFilename(db->aDb[i].pBt), 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 3);
    }
  }else

  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "collation_list")==0 ){



    int i = 0;
    HashElem *p;
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 2);
    pParse->nMem = 2;
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "seq", SQLITE_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 1, COLNAME_NAME, "name", SQLITE_STATIC);
    for(p=sqliteHashFirst(&db->aCollSeq); p; p=sqliteHashNext(p)){
      CollSeq *pColl = (CollSeq *)sqliteHashData(p);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i++, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 2, 0, pColl->zName, 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 2);
    }
  }else

#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_SCHEMA_PRAGMAS */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "foreign_key_list")==0 && zRight ){
    FKey *pFK;
    Table *pTab;
    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ) goto pragma_out;
    pTab = sqlite3FindTable(db, zRight, zDb);
    if( pTab ){
      v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
      pFK = pTab->pFKey;
      if( pFK ){
        int i = 0; 
        sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 8);
................................................................................
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 8);
          }
          ++i;
          pFK = pFK->pNextFrom;
        }
      }
    }
  }else

#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY) */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "foreign_key_check")==0 ){
    FKey *pFK;             /* A foreign key constraint */
    Table *pTab;           /* Child table contain "REFERENCES" keyword */
    Table *pParent;        /* Parent table that child points to */
    Index *pIdx;           /* Index in the parent table */
    int i;                 /* Loop counter:  Foreign key number for pTab */
    int j;                 /* Loop counter:  Field of the foreign key */
    HashElem *k;           /* Loop counter:  Next table in schema */
................................................................................
    int regResult;         /* 3 registers to hold a result row */
    int regKey;            /* Register to hold key for checking the FK */
    int regRow;            /* Registers to hold a row from pTab */
    int addrTop;           /* Top of a loop checking foreign keys */
    int addrOk;            /* Jump here if the key is OK */
    int *aiCols;           /* child to parent column mapping */

    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ) goto pragma_out;
    regResult = pParse->nMem+1;
    pParse->nMem += 4;
    regKey = ++pParse->nMem;
    regRow = ++pParse->nMem;
    v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 4);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "table", SQLITE_STATIC);
................................................................................
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, regResult, 4);
        sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrOk);
        sqlite3DbFree(db, aiCols);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, 0, addrTop+1);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrTop);
    }
  }else

#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER) */
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY) */

#ifndef NDEBUG
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "parser_trace")==0 ){
    if( zRight ){
      if( sqlite3GetBoolean(zRight, 0) ){
        sqlite3ParserTrace(stderr, "parser: ");
      }else{
        sqlite3ParserTrace(0, 0);
      }
    }
  }else

#endif

  /* Reinstall the LIKE and GLOB functions.  The variant of LIKE
  ** used will be case sensitive or not depending on the RHS.
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "case_sensitive_like")==0 ){
    if( zRight ){
      sqlite3RegisterLikeFunctions(db, sqlite3GetBoolean(zRight, 0));
    }
  }else


#ifndef SQLITE_INTEGRITY_CHECK_ERROR_MAX
# define SQLITE_INTEGRITY_CHECK_ERROR_MAX 100
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_INTEGRITY_CHECK
  /* Pragma "quick_check" is reduced version of 
  ** integrity_check designed to detect most database corruption
  ** without most of the overhead of a full integrity-check.
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "integrity_check")==0
   || sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "quick_check")==0 
  ){
    int i, j, addr, mxErr;

    /* Code that appears at the end of the integrity check.  If no error
    ** messages have been generated, output OK.  Otherwise output the
    ** error message
    */
    static const VdbeOpList endCode[] = {
................................................................................
    ** to -1 here, to indicate that the VDBE should verify the integrity
    ** of all attached databases.  */
    assert( iDb>=0 );
    assert( iDb==0 || pId2->z );
    if( pId2->z==0 ) iDb = -1;

    /* Initialize the VDBE program */
    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ) goto pragma_out;
    pParse->nMem = 6;
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "integrity_check", SQLITE_STATIC);

    /* Set the maximum error count */
    mxErr = SQLITE_INTEGRITY_CHECK_ERROR_MAX;
    if( zRight ){
................................................................................
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_BTREECOUNT */
      } 
    }
    addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(v, ArraySize(endCode), endCode);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(v, addr, -mxErr);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr+1);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, addr+2, "ok", P4_STATIC);
  }else

#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_INTEGRITY_CHECK */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
  /*
  **   PRAGMA encoding
  **   PRAGMA encoding = "utf-8"|"utf-16"|"utf-16le"|"utf-16be"
  **
................................................................................
  ** the main database has not been initialized and/or created when ATTACH
  ** is executed, this is done before the ATTACH operation.
  **
  ** In the second form this pragma sets the text encoding to be used in
  ** new database files created using this database handle. It is only
  ** useful if invoked immediately after the main database i
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "encoding")==0 ){
    static const struct EncName {
      char *zName;
      u8 enc;
    } encnames[] = {
      { "UTF8",     SQLITE_UTF8        },
      { "UTF-8",    SQLITE_UTF8        },  /* Must be element [1] */
      { "UTF-16le", SQLITE_UTF16LE     },  /* Must be element [2] */
................................................................................
          }
        }
        if( !pEnc->zName ){
          sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "unsupported encoding: %s", zRight);
        }
      }
    }
  }else

#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16 */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SCHEMA_VERSION_PRAGMAS
  /*
  **   PRAGMA [database.]schema_version
  **   PRAGMA [database.]schema_version = <integer>
  **
................................................................................
  ** Subverting this mechanism by using "PRAGMA schema_version" to modify
  ** the schema-version is potentially dangerous and may lead to program
  ** crashes or database corruption. Use with caution!
  **
  ** The user-version is not used internally by SQLite. It may be used by
  ** applications for any purpose.
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "schema_version")==0 
   || sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "user_version")==0 
   || sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "freelist_count")==0 
   || sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "application_id")==0 
  ){
    int iCookie;   /* Cookie index. 1 for schema-cookie, 6 for user-cookie. */
    sqlite3VdbeUsesBtree(v, iDb);
    switch( zLeft[0] ){
      case 'a': case 'A':
        iCookie = BTREE_APPLICATION_ID;
        break;
      case 'f': case 'F':
................................................................................
      int addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(v, ArraySize(readCookie), readCookie);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, addr, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, addr+1, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP3(v, addr+1, iCookie);
      sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, zLeft, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
    }
  }else

#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_SCHEMA_VERSION_PRAGMAS */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_COMPILEOPTION_DIAGS
  /*
  **   PRAGMA compile_options
  **
  ** Return the names of all compile-time options used in this build,
  ** one option per row.
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "compile_options")==0 ){
    int i = 0;
    const char *zOpt;
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
    pParse->nMem = 1;
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "compile_option", SQLITE_STATIC);
    while( (zOpt = sqlite3_compileoption_get(i++))!=0 ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 1, 0, zOpt, 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 1);
    }
  }else

#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_COMPILEOPTION_DIAGS */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  /*
  **   PRAGMA [database.]wal_checkpoint = passive|full|restart
  **
  ** Checkpoint the database.
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "wal_checkpoint")==0 ){
    int iBt = (pId2->z?iDb:SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED);
    int eMode = SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE;
    if( zRight ){
      if( sqlite3StrICmp(zRight, "full")==0 ){
        eMode = SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL;
      }else if( sqlite3StrICmp(zRight, "restart")==0 ){
        eMode = SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_RESTART;
      }
    }
    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ) goto pragma_out;
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 3);
    pParse->nMem = 3;
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "busy", SQLITE_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 1, COLNAME_NAME, "log", SQLITE_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 2, COLNAME_NAME, "checkpointed", SQLITE_STATIC);

    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Checkpoint, iBt, eMode, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 3);
  }else


  /*
  **   PRAGMA wal_autocheckpoint
  **   PRAGMA wal_autocheckpoint = N
  **
  ** Configure a database connection to automatically checkpoint a database
  ** after accumulating N frames in the log. Or query for the current value
  ** of N.
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "wal_autocheckpoint")==0 ){
    if( zRight ){
      sqlite3_wal_autocheckpoint(db, sqlite3Atoi(zRight));
    }
    returnSingleInt(pParse, "wal_autocheckpoint", 
       db->xWalCallback==sqlite3WalDefaultHook ? 
           SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(db->pWalArg) : 0);
  }else

#endif

  /*
  **  PRAGMA shrink_memory
  **
  ** This pragma attempts to free as much memory as possible from the
  ** current database connection.
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "shrink_memory")==0 ){
    sqlite3_db_release_memory(db);
  }else


  /*
  **   PRAGMA busy_timeout
  **   PRAGMA busy_timeout = N
  **
  ** Call sqlite3_busy_timeout(db, N).  Return the current timeout value
  ** if one is set.  If no busy handler or a different busy handler is set
  ** then 0 is returned.  Setting the busy_timeout to 0 or negative
  ** disables the timeout.
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "busy_timeout")==0 ){

    if( zRight ){
      sqlite3_busy_timeout(db, sqlite3Atoi(zRight));
    }
    returnSingleInt(pParse, "timeout",  db->busyTimeout);
  }else


















#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) || defined(SQLITE_TEST)
  /*
  ** Report the current state of file logs for all databases
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "lock_status")==0 ){
    static const char *const azLockName[] = {
      "unlocked", "shared", "reserved", "pending", "exclusive"
    };
    int i;
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 2);
    pParse->nMem = 2;
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "database", SQLITE_STATIC);
................................................................................
      }else if( sqlite3_file_control(db, i ? db->aDb[i].zName : 0, 
                                     SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE, &j)==SQLITE_OK ){
         zState = azLockName[j];
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 2, 0, zState, P4_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 2);
    }


  }else
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_HAS_CODEC
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "key")==0 && zRight ){
    sqlite3_key_v2(db, zDb, zRight, sqlite3Strlen30(zRight));
  }else
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "rekey")==0 && zRight ){


    sqlite3_rekey_v2(db, zDb, zRight, sqlite3Strlen30(zRight));
  }else
  if( zRight && (sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "hexkey")==0 ||
                 sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "hexrekey")==0) ){




    int i, h1, h2;
    char zKey[40];
    for(i=0; (h1 = zRight[i])!=0 && (h2 = zRight[i+1])!=0; i+=2){
      h1 += 9*(1&(h1>>6));
      h2 += 9*(1&(h2>>6));
      zKey[i/2] = (h2 & 0x0f) | ((h1 & 0xf)<<4);


    }
    if( (zLeft[3] & 0xf)==0xb ){
      sqlite3_key_v2(db, zDb, zKey, i/2);
    }else{
      sqlite3_rekey_v2(db, zDb, zKey, i/2);
    }
  }else



#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_HAS_CODEC) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_CEROD)
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft, "activate_extensions")==0 && zRight ){

#ifdef SQLITE_HAS_CODEC
    if( sqlite3StrNICmp(zRight, "see-", 4)==0 ){
      sqlite3_activate_see(&zRight[4]);
    }
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_CEROD
    if( sqlite3StrNICmp(zRight, "cerod-", 6)==0 ){
      sqlite3_activate_cerod(&zRight[6]);
    }
#endif
  }else


#endif

 
  {/* Empty ELSE clause */}

pragma_out:
  sqlite3DbFree(db, zLeft);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, zRight);
}

#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_PRAGMA */
................................................................................

  pE1 = sqlite3CreateColumnExpr(db, pSrc, iLeft, iColLeft);
  pE2 = sqlite3CreateColumnExpr(db, pSrc, iRight, iColRight);

  pEq = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_EQ, pE1, pE2, 0);
  if( pEq && isOuterJoin ){
    ExprSetProperty(pEq, EP_FromJoin);
    assert( !ExprHasAnyProperty(pEq, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );
    ExprSetIrreducible(pEq);
    pEq->iRightJoinTable = (i16)pE2->iTable;
  }
  *ppWhere = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, *ppWhere, pEq);
}

/*
** Set the EP_FromJoin property on all terms of the given expression.
................................................................................
** defer the handling of t1.x=5, it will be processed immediately
** after the t1 loop and rows with t1.x!=5 will never appear in
** the output, which is incorrect.
*/
static void setJoinExpr(Expr *p, int iTable){
  while( p ){
    ExprSetProperty(p, EP_FromJoin);
    assert( !ExprHasAnyProperty(p, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );
    ExprSetIrreducible(p);
    p->iRightJoinTable = (i16)iTable;
    setJoinExpr(p->pLeft, iTable);
    p = p->pRight;
  } 
}

/*
................................................................................
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, pseudoTab, 0);
  }
}

/*
** Return a pointer to a string containing the 'declaration type' of the
** expression pExpr. The string may be treated as static by the caller.



**
** The declaration type is the exact datatype definition extracted from the
** original CREATE TABLE statement if the expression is a column. The
** declaration type for a ROWID field is INTEGER. Exactly when an expression
** is considered a column can be complex in the presence of subqueries. The
** result-set expression in all of the following SELECT statements is 
** considered a column by this function.
................................................................................
**
**   SELECT col FROM tbl;
**   SELECT (SELECT col FROM tbl;
**   SELECT (SELECT col FROM tbl);
**   SELECT abc FROM (SELECT col AS abc FROM tbl);
** 
** The declaration type for any expression other than a column is NULL.



*/


static const char *columnType(
  NameContext *pNC, 
  Expr *pExpr,
  const char **pzOriginDb,
  const char **pzOriginTab,
  const char **pzOriginCol

){
  char const *zType = 0;
  char const *zOriginDb = 0;
  char const *zOriginTab = 0;








  char const *zOriginCol = 0;
  int j;
  if( NEVER(pExpr==0) || pNC->pSrcList==0 ) return 0;



  switch( pExpr->op ){
    case TK_AGG_COLUMN:
    case TK_COLUMN: {
      /* The expression is a column. Locate the table the column is being
      ** extracted from in NameContext.pSrcList. This table may be real
      ** database table or a subquery.
      */
................................................................................
          ** test case misc2.2.2) - it always evaluates to NULL.
          */
          NameContext sNC;
          Expr *p = pS->pEList->a[iCol].pExpr;
          sNC.pSrcList = pS->pSrc;
          sNC.pNext = pNC;
          sNC.pParse = pNC->pParse;
          zType = columnType(&sNC, p, &zOriginDb, &zOriginTab, &zOriginCol); 
        }
      }else if( ALWAYS(pTab->pSchema) ){
        /* A real table */
        assert( !pS );
        if( iCol<0 ) iCol = pTab->iPKey;
        assert( iCol==-1 || (iCol>=0 && iCol<pTab->nCol) );

        if( iCol<0 ){
          zType = "INTEGER";
          zOriginCol = "rowid";
        }else{
          zType = pTab->aCol[iCol].zType;
          zOriginCol = pTab->aCol[iCol].zName;

        }
        zOriginTab = pTab->zName;
        if( pNC->pParse ){
          int iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(pNC->pParse->db, pTab->pSchema);
          zOriginDb = pNC->pParse->db->aDb[iDb].zName;
        }








      }
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
    case TK_SELECT: {
      /* The expression is a sub-select. Return the declaration type and
      ** origin info for the single column in the result set of the SELECT
................................................................................
      NameContext sNC;
      Select *pS = pExpr->x.pSelect;
      Expr *p = pS->pEList->a[0].pExpr;
      assert( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );
      sNC.pSrcList = pS->pSrc;
      sNC.pNext = pNC;
      sNC.pParse = pNC->pParse;
      zType = columnType(&sNC, p, &zOriginDb, &zOriginTab, &zOriginCol); 
      break;
    }
#endif
  }
  

  if( pzOriginDb ){
    assert( pzOriginTab && pzOriginCol );
    *pzOriginDb = zOriginDb;
    *pzOriginTab = zOriginTab;
    *pzOriginCol = zOriginCol;
  }


  return zType;
}

/*
** Generate code that will tell the VDBE the declaration types of columns
** in the result set.
*/
................................................................................
  for(i=0; i<pEList->nExpr; i++){
    Expr *p = pEList->a[i].pExpr;
    const char *zType;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA
    const char *zOrigDb = 0;
    const char *zOrigTab = 0;
    const char *zOrigCol = 0;
    zType = columnType(&sNC, p, &zOrigDb, &zOrigTab, &zOrigCol);

    /* The vdbe must make its own copy of the column-type and other 
    ** column specific strings, in case the schema is reset before this
    ** virtual machine is deleted.
    */
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, i, COLNAME_DATABASE, zOrigDb, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, i, COLNAME_TABLE, zOrigTab, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, i, COLNAME_COLUMN, zOrigCol, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
#else
    zType = columnType(&sNC, p, 0, 0, 0);
#endif
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, i, COLNAME_DECLTYPE, zType, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_DECLTYPE */
}

/*
** Generate code that will tell the VDBE the names of columns
** in the result set.  This information is used to provide the
** azCol[] values in the callback.
*/
................................................................................
** routine goes through and adds the types and collations.
**
** This routine requires that all identifiers in the SELECT
** statement be resolved.
*/
static void selectAddColumnTypeAndCollation(
  Parse *pParse,        /* Parsing contexts */
  int nCol,             /* Number of columns */
  Column *aCol,         /* List of columns */
  Select *pSelect       /* SELECT used to determine types and collations */
){
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  NameContext sNC;
  Column *pCol;
  CollSeq *pColl;
  int i;
  Expr *p;
  struct ExprList_item *a;


  assert( pSelect!=0 );
  assert( (pSelect->selFlags & SF_Resolved)!=0 );
  assert( nCol==pSelect->pEList->nExpr || db->mallocFailed );
  if( db->mallocFailed ) return;
  memset(&sNC, 0, sizeof(sNC));
  sNC.pSrcList = pSelect->pSrc;
  a = pSelect->pEList->a;
  for(i=0, pCol=aCol; i<nCol; i++, pCol++){
    p = a[i].pExpr;
    pCol->zType = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, columnType(&sNC, p, 0, 0, 0));

    pCol->affinity = sqlite3ExprAffinity(p);
    if( pCol->affinity==0 ) pCol->affinity = SQLITE_AFF_NONE;
    pColl = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, p);
    if( pColl ){
      pCol->zColl = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pColl->zName);
    }
  }

}

/*
** Given a SELECT statement, generate a Table structure that describes
** the result set of that SELECT.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE Table *sqlite3ResultSetOfSelect(Parse *pParse, Select *pSelect){
................................................................................
    return 0;
  }
  /* The sqlite3ResultSetOfSelect() is only used n contexts where lookaside
  ** is disabled */
  assert( db->lookaside.bEnabled==0 );
  pTab->nRef = 1;
  pTab->zName = 0;
  pTab->nRowEst = 1000000;
  selectColumnsFromExprList(pParse, pSelect->pEList, &pTab->nCol, &pTab->aCol);
  selectAddColumnTypeAndCollation(pParse, pTab->nCol, pTab->aCol, pSelect);
  pTab->iPKey = -1;
  if( db->mallocFailed ){
    sqlite3DeleteTable(db, pTab);
    return 0;
  }
  return pTab;
}
................................................................................
      /* A sub-query in the FROM clause of a SELECT */
      assert( pSel!=0 );
      assert( pFrom->pTab==0 );
      sqlite3WalkSelect(pWalker, pSel);
      pFrom->pTab = pTab = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(Table));
      if( pTab==0 ) return WRC_Abort;
      pTab->nRef = 1;
      pTab->zName = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "sqlite_subquery_%p_", (void*)pTab);
      while( pSel->pPrior ){ pSel = pSel->pPrior; }
      selectColumnsFromExprList(pParse, pSel->pEList, &pTab->nCol, &pTab->aCol);
      pTab->iPKey = -1;
      pTab->nRowEst = 1000000;
      pTab->tabFlags |= TF_Ephemeral;
#endif
    }else{
      /* An ordinary table or view name in the FROM clause */
      assert( pFrom->pTab==0 );
      pFrom->pTab = pTab = sqlite3LocateTableItem(pParse, 0, pFrom);
      if( pTab==0 ) return WRC_Abort;
................................................................................
    for(i=0, pFrom=pTabList->a; i<pTabList->nSrc; i++, pFrom++){
      Table *pTab = pFrom->pTab;
      if( ALWAYS(pTab!=0) && (pTab->tabFlags & TF_Ephemeral)!=0 ){
        /* A sub-query in the FROM clause of a SELECT */
        Select *pSel = pFrom->pSelect;
        assert( pSel );
        while( pSel->pPrior ) pSel = pSel->pPrior;
        selectAddColumnTypeAndCollation(pParse, pTab->nCol, pTab->aCol, pSel);
      }
    }
  }
  return WRC_Continue;
}
#endif

................................................................................
        KeyInfo *pKeyInfo = 0;               /* Keyinfo for scanned index */
        Index *pBest = 0;                    /* Best index found so far */
        int iRoot = pTab->tnum;              /* Root page of scanned b-tree */

        sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
        sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, pTab->tnum, 0, pTab->zName);

        /* Search for the index that has the least amount of columns. If
        ** there is such an index, and it has less columns than the table
        ** does, then we can assume that it consumes less space on disk and
        ** will therefore be cheaper to scan to determine the query result.
        ** In this case set iRoot to the root page number of the index b-tree
        ** and pKeyInfo to the KeyInfo structure required to navigate the
        ** index.
        **
        ** (2011-04-15) Do not do a full scan of an unordered index.


        **
        ** In practice the KeyInfo structure will not be used. It is only 
        ** passed to keep OP_OpenRead happy.
        */
        for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
          if( pIdx->bUnordered==0 && (!pBest || pIdx->nColumn<pBest->nColumn) ){




            pBest = pIdx;
          }
        }
        if( pBest && pBest->nColumn<pTab->nCol ){
          iRoot = pBest->tnum;
          pKeyInfo = sqlite3IndexKeyinfo(pParse, pBest);
        }

        /* Open a read-only cursor, execute the OP_Count, close the cursor. */
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenRead, iCsr, iRoot, iDb);
        if( pKeyInfo ){
................................................................................
        && pTab->pSchema==db->aDb[1].pSchema ){
    iDb = 1;
  }

  /* Ensure the table name matches database name and that the table exists */
  if( db->mallocFailed ) goto trigger_cleanup;
  assert( pTableName->nSrc==1 );
  if( sqlite3FixInit(&sFix, pParse, iDb, "trigger", pName) && 
      sqlite3FixSrcList(&sFix, pTableName) ){
    goto trigger_cleanup;
  }
  pTab = sqlite3SrcListLookup(pParse, pTableName);
  if( !pTab ){
    /* The table does not exist. */
    if( db->init.iDb==1 ){
      /* Ticket #3810.
................................................................................
  pTrig->step_list = pStepList;
  while( pStepList ){
    pStepList->pTrig = pTrig;
    pStepList = pStepList->pNext;
  }
  nameToken.z = pTrig->zName;
  nameToken.n = sqlite3Strlen30(nameToken.z);
  if( sqlite3FixInit(&sFix, pParse, iDb, "trigger", &nameToken) 
          && sqlite3FixTriggerStep(&sFix, pTrig->step_list) ){


    goto triggerfinish_cleanup;
  }

  /* if we are not initializing,
  ** build the sqlite_master entry
  */
  if( !db->init.busy ){
................................................................................
    }
  }

  return vacuumFinalize(db, pStmt, pzErrMsg);
}

/*
** The non-standard VACUUM command is used to clean up the database,
** collapse free space, etc.  It is modelled after the VACUUM command
** in PostgreSQL.
**
** In version 1.0.x of SQLite, the VACUUM command would call
** gdbm_reorganize() on all the database tables.  But beginning
** with 2.0.0, SQLite no longer uses GDBM so this command has
** become a no-op.




















*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Vacuum(Parse *pParse){
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Vacuum, 0, 0);
    sqlite3VdbeUsesBtree(v, 0);
  }
................................................................................
typedef struct WherePath WherePath;
typedef struct WhereTerm WhereTerm;
typedef struct WhereLoopBuilder WhereLoopBuilder;
typedef struct WhereScan WhereScan;
typedef struct WhereOrCost WhereOrCost;
typedef struct WhereOrSet WhereOrSet;

/*
** Cost X is tracked as 10*log2(X) stored in a 16-bit integer.  The
** maximum cost for ordinary tables is 64*(2**63) which becomes 6900.
** (Virtual tables can return a larger cost, but let's assume they do not.)
** So all costs can be stored in a 16-bit unsigned integer without risk
** of overflow.
**
** Costs are estimates, so no effort is made to compute 10*log2(X) exactly.
** Instead, a close estimate is used.  Any value of X<=1 is stored as 0.
** X=2 is 10.  X=3 is 16.  X=1000 is 99. etc.
**
** The tool/wherecosttest.c source file implements a command-line program
** that will convert WhereCosts to integers, convert integers to WhereCosts
** and do addition and multiplication on WhereCost values.  The wherecosttest
** command-line program is a useful utility to have around when working with
** this module.
*/
typedef unsigned short int WhereCost;

/*
** This object contains information needed to implement a single nested
** loop in WHERE clause.
**
** Contrast this object with WhereLoop.  This object describes the
** implementation of the loop.  WhereLoop describes the algorithm.
** This object contains a pointer to the WhereLoop algorithm as one of
................................................................................
  Bitmask prereq;       /* Bitmask of other loops that must run first */
  Bitmask maskSelf;     /* Bitmask identifying table iTab */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  char cId;             /* Symbolic ID of this loop for debugging use */
#endif
  u8 iTab;              /* Position in FROM clause of table for this loop */
  u8 iSortIdx;          /* Sorting index number.  0==None */
  WhereCost rSetup;     /* One-time setup cost (ex: create transient index) */
  WhereCost rRun;       /* Cost of running each loop */
  WhereCost nOut;       /* Estimated number of output rows */
  union {
    struct {               /* Information for internal btree tables */
      int nEq;               /* Number of equality constraints */
      Index *pIndex;         /* Index used, or NULL */
    } btree;
    struct {               /* Information for virtual tables */
      int idxNum;            /* Index number */
................................................................................

/* This object holds the prerequisites and the cost of running a
** subquery on one operand of an OR operator in the WHERE clause.
** See WhereOrSet for additional information 
*/
struct WhereOrCost {
  Bitmask prereq;     /* Prerequisites */
  WhereCost rRun;     /* Cost of running this subquery */
  WhereCost nOut;     /* Number of outputs for this subquery */
};

/* The WhereOrSet object holds a set of possible WhereOrCosts that
** correspond to the subquery(s) of OR-clause processing.  Only the
** best N_OR_COST elements are retained.
*/
#define N_OR_COST 3
................................................................................
** of length 2.  And so forth until the length of WherePaths equals the
** number of nodes in the FROM clause.  The best (lowest cost) WherePath
** at the end is the choosen query plan.
*/
struct WherePath {
  Bitmask maskLoop;     /* Bitmask of all WhereLoop objects in this path */
  Bitmask revLoop;      /* aLoop[]s that should be reversed for ORDER BY */
  WhereCost nRow;       /* Estimated number of rows generated by this path */
  WhereCost rCost;      /* Total cost of this path */
  u8 isOrdered;         /* True if this path satisfies ORDER BY */
  u8 isOrderedValid;    /* True if the isOrdered field is valid */
  WhereLoop **aLoop;    /* Array of WhereLoop objects implementing this path */
};

/*
** The query generator uses an array of instances of this structure to
................................................................................
  int iParent;            /* Disable pWC->a[iParent] when this term disabled */
  int leftCursor;         /* Cursor number of X in "X <op> <expr>" */
  union {
    int leftColumn;         /* Column number of X in "X <op> <expr>" */
    WhereOrInfo *pOrInfo;   /* Extra information if (eOperator & WO_OR)!=0 */
    WhereAndInfo *pAndInfo; /* Extra information if (eOperator& WO_AND)!=0 */
  } u;

  u16 eOperator;          /* A WO_xx value describing <op> */
  u8 wtFlags;             /* TERM_xxx bit flags.  See below */
  u8 nChild;              /* Number of children that must disable us */
  WhereClause *pWC;       /* The clause this term is part of */
  Bitmask prereqRight;    /* Bitmask of tables used by pExpr->pRight */
  Bitmask prereqAll;      /* Bitmask of tables referenced by pExpr */
};
................................................................................
struct WhereInfo {
  Parse *pParse;            /* Parsing and code generating context */
  SrcList *pTabList;        /* List of tables in the join */
  ExprList *pOrderBy;       /* The ORDER BY clause or NULL */
  ExprList *pResultSet;     /* Result set. DISTINCT operates on these */
  WhereLoop *pLoops;        /* List of all WhereLoop objects */
  Bitmask revMask;          /* Mask of ORDER BY terms that need reversing */
  WhereCost nRowOut;        /* Estimated number of output rows */
  u16 wctrlFlags;           /* Flags originally passed to sqlite3WhereBegin() */
  u8 bOBSat;                /* ORDER BY satisfied by indices */
  u8 okOnePass;             /* Ok to use one-pass algorithm for UPDATE/DELETE */
  u8 untestedTerms;         /* Not all WHERE terms resolved by outer loop */
  u8 eDistinct;             /* One of the WHERE_DISTINCT_* values below */
  u8 nLevel;                /* Number of nested loop */
  int iTop;                 /* The very beginning of the WHERE loop */
................................................................................
#define WHERE_INDEXED      0x00000200  /* WhereLoop.u.btree.pIndex is valid */
#define WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE 0x00000400  /* WhereLoop.u.vtab is valid */
#define WHERE_IN_ABLE      0x00000800  /* Able to support an IN operator */
#define WHERE_ONEROW       0x00001000  /* Selects no more than one row */
#define WHERE_MULTI_OR     0x00002000  /* OR using multiple indices */
#define WHERE_AUTO_INDEX   0x00004000  /* Uses an ephemeral index */


/* Convert a WhereCost value (10 times log2(X)) into its integer value X.
** A rough approximation is used.  The value returned is not exact.
*/
static u64 whereCostToInt(WhereCost x){
  u64 n;
  if( x<10 ) return 1;
  n = x%10;
  x /= 10;
  if( n>=5 ) n -= 2;
  else if( n>=1 ) n -= 1;
  if( x>=3 ) return (n+8)<<(x-3);
  return (n+8)>>(3-x);
}

/*
** Return the estimated number of output rows from a WHERE clause
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE u64 sqlite3WhereOutputRowCount(WhereInfo *pWInfo){
  return whereCostToInt(pWInfo->nRowOut);
}

/*
** Return one of the WHERE_DISTINCT_xxxxx values to indicate how this
** WHERE clause returns outputs for DISTINCT processing.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WhereIsDistinct(WhereInfo *pWInfo){
................................................................................
** The new entry might overwrite an existing entry, or it might be
** appended, or it might be discarded.  Do whatever is the right thing
** so that pSet keeps the N_OR_COST best entries seen so far.
*/
static int whereOrInsert(
  WhereOrSet *pSet,      /* The WhereOrSet to be updated */
  Bitmask prereq,        /* Prerequisites of the new entry */
  WhereCost rRun,        /* Run-cost of the new entry */
  WhereCost nOut         /* Number of outputs for the new entry */
){
  u16 i;
  WhereOrCost *p;
  for(i=pSet->n, p=pSet->a; i>0; i--, p++){
    if( rRun<=p->rRun && (prereq & p->prereq)==prereq ){
      goto whereOrInsert_done;
    }
................................................................................
    memcpy(pWC->a, pOld, sizeof(pWC->a[0])*pWC->nTerm);
    if( pOld!=pWC->aStatic ){
      sqlite3DbFree(db, pOld);
    }
    pWC->nSlot = sqlite3DbMallocSize(db, pWC->a)/sizeof(pWC->a[0]);
  }
  pTerm = &pWC->a[idx = pWC->nTerm++];





  pTerm->pExpr = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(p);
  pTerm->wtFlags = wtFlags;
  pTerm->pWC = pWC;
  pTerm->iParent = -1;
  return idx;
}

................................................................................
      return 1;
    }
  }

  return 0;
}

/* 
** Find (an approximate) sum of two WhereCosts.  This computation is
** not a simple "+" operator because WhereCost is stored as a logarithmic
** value.
** 
*/
static WhereCost whereCostAdd(WhereCost a, WhereCost b){
  static const unsigned char x[] = {
     10, 10,                         /* 0,1 */
      9, 9,                          /* 2,3 */
      8, 8,                          /* 4,5 */
      7, 7, 7,                       /* 6,7,8 */
      6, 6, 6,                       /* 9,10,11 */
      5, 5, 5,                       /* 12-14 */
      4, 4, 4, 4,                    /* 15-18 */
      3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3,              /* 19-24 */
      2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2,           /* 25-31 */
  };
  if( a>=b ){
    if( a>b+49 ) return a;
    if( a>b+31 ) return a+1;
    return a+x[a-b];
  }else{
    if( b>a+49 ) return b;
    if( b>a+31 ) return b+1;
    return b+x[b-a];
  }
}

/*
** Convert an integer into a WhereCost.  In other words, compute a
** good approximatation for 10*log2(x).
*/
static WhereCost whereCost(tRowcnt x){
  static WhereCost a[] = { 0, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 };
  WhereCost y = 40;
  if( x<8 ){
    if( x<2 ) return 0;
    while( x<8 ){  y -= 10; x <<= 1; }
  }else{
    while( x>255 ){ y += 40; x >>= 4; }
    while( x>15 ){  y += 10; x >>= 1; }
  }
  return a[x&7] + y - 10;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
/*
** Convert a double (as received from xBestIndex of a virtual table)
** into a WhereCost.  In other words, compute an approximation for
** 10*log2(x).
*/
static WhereCost whereCostFromDouble(double x){
  u64 a;
  WhereCost e;
  assert( sizeof(x)==8 && sizeof(a)==8 );
  if( x<=1 ) return 0;
  if( x<=2000000000 ) return whereCost((tRowcnt)x);
  memcpy(&a, &x, 8);
  e = (a>>52) - 1022;
  return e*10;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

/*
** Estimate the logarithm of the input value to base 2.
*/
static WhereCost estLog(WhereCost N){
  WhereCost x = whereCost(N);


  return x>33 ? x - 33 : 0;
}

/*
** Two routines for printing the content of an sqlite3_index_info
** structure.  Used for testing and debugging only.  If neither
** SQLITE_TEST or SQLITE_DEBUG are defined, then these routines
................................................................................
  IndexSample *aSample = pIdx->aSample;
  int iCol;                   /* Index of required stats in anEq[] etc. */
  int iMin = 0;               /* Smallest sample not yet tested */
  int i = pIdx->nSample;      /* Smallest sample larger than or equal to pRec */
  int iTest;                  /* Next sample to test */
  int res;                    /* Result of comparison operation */




  assert( pRec!=0 || pParse->db->mallocFailed );
  if( pRec==0 ) return;
  iCol = pRec->nField - 1;
  assert( pIdx->nSample>0 );
  assert( pRec->nField>0 && iCol<pIdx->nSampleCol );
  do{
    iTest = (iMin+i)/2;
................................................................................
** then nEq is set to 1 (as the range restricted column, b, is the second 
** left-most column of the index). Or, if the query is:
**
**   ... FROM t1 WHERE a > ? AND a < ? ...
**
** then nEq is set to 0.
**
** When this function is called, *pnOut is set to the whereCost() of the
** number of rows that the index scan is expected to visit without 
** considering the range constraints. If nEq is 0, this is the number of 
** rows in the index. Assuming no error occurs, *pnOut is adjusted (reduced)
** to account for the range contraints pLower and pUpper.
** 
** In the absence of sqlite_stat4 ANALYZE data, or if such data cannot be
** used, each range inequality reduces the search space by a factor of 4. 
................................................................................
** rows visited by a factor of 16.
*/
static int whereRangeScanEst(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Parsing & code generating context */
  WhereLoopBuilder *pBuilder,
  WhereTerm *pLower,   /* Lower bound on the range. ex: "x>123" Might be NULL */
  WhereTerm *pUpper,   /* Upper bound on the range. ex: "x<455" Might be NULL */
  WhereCost *pnOut     /* IN/OUT: Number of rows visited */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  int nOut = (int)*pnOut;


#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  Index *p = pBuilder->pNew->u.btree.pIndex;
  int nEq = pBuilder->pNew->u.btree.nEq;

  if( p->nSample>0
   && nEq==pBuilder->nRecValid
   && nEq<p->nSampleCol
   && OptimizationEnabled(pParse->db, SQLITE_Stat3) 
  ){
    UnpackedRecord *pRec = pBuilder->pRec;
................................................................................
      assert( (pLower->eOperator & (WO_GT|WO_GE))!=0 );
      rc = sqlite3Stat4ProbeSetValue(pParse, p, &pRec, pExpr, aff, nEq, &bOk);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK && bOk ){
        tRowcnt iNew;
        whereKeyStats(pParse, p, pRec, 0, a);
        iNew = a[0] + ((pLower->eOperator & WO_GT) ? a[1] : 0);
        if( iNew>iLower ) iLower = iNew;

      }
    }

    /* If possible, improve on the iUpper estimate using ($P:$U). */
    if( pUpper ){
      int bOk;                    /* True if value is extracted from pExpr */
      Expr *pExpr = pUpper->pExpr->pRight;
................................................................................
      assert( (pUpper->eOperator & (WO_LT|WO_LE))!=0 );
      rc = sqlite3Stat4ProbeSetValue(pParse, p, &pRec, pExpr, aff, nEq, &bOk);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK && bOk ){
        tRowcnt iNew;
        whereKeyStats(pParse, p, pRec, 1, a);
        iNew = a[0] + ((pUpper->eOperator & WO_LE) ? a[1] : 0);
        if( iNew<iUpper ) iUpper = iNew;

      }
    }

    pBuilder->pRec = pRec;
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      WhereCost nNew;
      if( iUpper>iLower ){
        nNew = whereCost(iUpper - iLower);
      }else{
        nNew = 10;        assert( 10==whereCost(2) );
      }
      if( nNew<nOut ){
        nOut = nNew;
      }
      *pnOut = (WhereCost)nOut;
      WHERETRACE(0x100, ("range scan regions: %u..%u  est=%d\n",
                         (u32)iLower, (u32)iUpper, nOut));
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
  }
#else
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pParse);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pBuilder);
#endif
  assert( pLower || pUpper );
  /* TUNING:  Each inequality constraint reduces the search space 4-fold.
  ** A BETWEEN operator, therefore, reduces the search space 16-fold */

  if( pLower && (pLower->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL)==0 ){
    nOut -= 20;        assert( 20==whereCost(4) );

  }
  if( pUpper ){
    nOut -= 20;        assert( 20==whereCost(4) );

  }
  if( nOut<10 ) nOut = 10;
  *pnOut = (WhereCost)nOut;



  return rc;
}

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
/*
** Estimate the number of rows that will be returned based on
** an equality constraint x=VALUE and where that VALUE occurs in
................................................................................
    ){
      /* This branch taken when p is equal or better than pTemplate in 
      ** all of (1) dependencies (2) setup-cost, (3) run-cost, and
      ** (4) number of output rows. */
      assert( p->rSetup==pTemplate->rSetup );
      if( p->prereq==pTemplate->prereq
       && p->nLTerm<pTemplate->nLTerm
       && (p->wsFlags & WHERE_INDEXED)!=0
       && (pTemplate->wsFlags & WHERE_INDEXED)!=0
       && p->u.btree.pIndex==pTemplate->u.btree.pIndex

      ){
        /* Overwrite an existing WhereLoop with an similar one that uses
        ** more terms of the index */
        pNext = p->pNextLoop;
        break;
      }else{
        /* pTemplate is not helpful.
................................................................................
        ** Return without changing or adding anything */
        goto whereLoopInsert_noop;
      }
    }
    if( (p->prereq & pTemplate->prereq)==pTemplate->prereq
     && p->rRun>=pTemplate->rRun
     && p->nOut>=pTemplate->nOut
     && ALWAYS(p->rSetup>=pTemplate->rSetup) /* See SETUP-INVARIANT above */
    ){
      /* Overwrite an existing WhereLoop with a better one: one that is
      ** better at one of (1) dependencies, (2) setup-cost, (3) run-cost
      ** or (4) number of output rows, and is no worse in any of those
      ** categories. */

      pNext = p->pNextLoop;
      break;
    }
  }

  /* If we reach this point it means that either p[] should be overwritten
  ** with pTemplate[] if p[] exists, or if p==NULL then allocate a new
................................................................................
  if( sqlite3WhereTrace & 0x8 ){
    sqlite3DebugPrintf("ins-noop: ");
    whereLoopPrint(pTemplate, pWInfo->pTabList);
  }
#endif
  return SQLITE_OK;  
}































/*
** We have so far matched pBuilder->pNew->u.btree.nEq terms of the index pIndex.
** Try to match one more.
**
** If pProbe->tnum==0, that means pIndex is a fake index used for the
** INTEGER PRIMARY KEY.
*/
static int whereLoopAddBtreeIndex(
  WhereLoopBuilder *pBuilder,     /* The WhereLoop factory */
  struct SrcList_item *pSrc,      /* FROM clause term being analyzed */
  Index *pProbe,                  /* An index on pSrc */
  WhereCost nInMul                /* log(Number of iterations due to IN) */
){
  WhereInfo *pWInfo = pBuilder->pWInfo;  /* WHERE analyse context */
  Parse *pParse = pWInfo->pParse;        /* Parsing context */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;       /* Database connection malloc context */
  WhereLoop *pNew;                /* Template WhereLoop under construction */
  WhereTerm *pTerm;               /* A WhereTerm under consideration */
  int opMask;                     /* Valid operators for constraints */
  WhereScan scan;                 /* Iterator for WHERE terms */
  Bitmask saved_prereq;           /* Original value of pNew->prereq */
  u16 saved_nLTerm;               /* Original value of pNew->nLTerm */
  int saved_nEq;                  /* Original value of pNew->u.btree.nEq */
  u32 saved_wsFlags;              /* Original value of pNew->wsFlags */
  WhereCost saved_nOut;           /* Original value of pNew->nOut */
  int iCol;                       /* Index of the column in the table */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return code */
  WhereCost nRowEst;              /* Estimated index selectivity */
  WhereCost rLogSize;             /* Logarithm of table size */
  WhereTerm *pTop = 0, *pBtm = 0; /* Top and bottom range constraints */

  pNew = pBuilder->pNew;
  if( db->mallocFailed ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;

  assert( (pNew->wsFlags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)==0 );
  assert( (pNew->wsFlags & WHERE_TOP_LIMIT)==0 );
................................................................................
    opMask = WO_EQ|WO_IN|WO_ISNULL|WO_GT|WO_GE|WO_LT|WO_LE;
  }
  if( pProbe->bUnordered ) opMask &= ~(WO_GT|WO_GE|WO_LT|WO_LE);

  assert( pNew->u.btree.nEq<=pProbe->nColumn );
  if( pNew->u.btree.nEq < pProbe->nColumn ){
    iCol = pProbe->aiColumn[pNew->u.btree.nEq];
    nRowEst = whereCost(pProbe->aiRowEst[pNew->u.btree.nEq+1]);
    if( nRowEst==0 && pProbe->onError==OE_None ) nRowEst = 1;
  }else{
    iCol = -1;
    nRowEst = 0;
  }
  pTerm = whereScanInit(&scan, pBuilder->pWC, pSrc->iCursor, iCol,
                        opMask, pProbe);
  saved_nEq = pNew->u.btree.nEq;
  saved_nLTerm = pNew->nLTerm;
  saved_wsFlags = pNew->wsFlags;
  saved_prereq = pNew->prereq;
  saved_nOut = pNew->nOut;
  pNew->rSetup = 0;
  rLogSize = estLog(whereCost(pProbe->aiRowEst[0]));
  for(; rc==SQLITE_OK && pTerm!=0; pTerm = whereScanNext(&scan)){
    int nIn = 0;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
    int nRecValid = pBuilder->nRecValid;
#endif
    if( (pTerm->eOperator==WO_ISNULL || (pTerm->wtFlags&TERM_VNULL)!=0)
     && (iCol<0 || pSrc->pTab->aCol[iCol].notNull)
................................................................................
    pNew->prereq = (saved_prereq | pTerm->prereqRight) & ~pNew->maskSelf;
    pNew->rRun = rLogSize; /* Baseline cost is log2(N).  Adjustments below */
    if( pTerm->eOperator & WO_IN ){
      Expr *pExpr = pTerm->pExpr;
      pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_COLUMN_IN;
      if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
        /* "x IN (SELECT ...)":  TUNING: the SELECT returns 25 rows */
        nIn = 46;  assert( 46==whereCost(25) );
      }else if( ALWAYS(pExpr->x.pList && pExpr->x.pList->nExpr) ){
        /* "x IN (value, value, ...)" */
        nIn = whereCost(pExpr->x.pList->nExpr);
      }
      pNew->rRun += nIn;
      pNew->u.btree.nEq++;
      pNew->nOut = nRowEst + nInMul + nIn;
    }else if( pTerm->eOperator & (WO_EQ) ){
      assert( (pNew->wsFlags & (WHERE_COLUMN_NULL|WHERE_COLUMN_IN))!=0
                  || nInMul==0 );
................................................................................
      }
      pNew->u.btree.nEq++;
      pNew->nOut = nRowEst + nInMul;
    }else if( pTerm->eOperator & (WO_ISNULL) ){
      pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_COLUMN_NULL;
      pNew->u.btree.nEq++;
      /* TUNING: IS NULL selects 2 rows */
      nIn = 10;  assert( 10==whereCost(2) );
      pNew->nOut = nRowEst + nInMul + nIn;
    }else if( pTerm->eOperator & (WO_GT|WO_GE) ){
      testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_GT );
      testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_GE );
      pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_COLUMN_RANGE|WHERE_BTM_LIMIT;
      pBtm = pTerm;
      pTop = 0;
................................................................................
      pTop = pTerm;
      pBtm = (pNew->wsFlags & WHERE_BTM_LIMIT)!=0 ?
                     pNew->aLTerm[pNew->nLTerm-2] : 0;
    }
    if( pNew->wsFlags & WHERE_COLUMN_RANGE ){
      /* Adjust nOut and rRun for STAT3 range values */
      assert( pNew->nOut==saved_nOut );
      whereRangeScanEst(pParse, pBuilder, pBtm, pTop, &pNew->nOut);
    }
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
    if( nInMul==0 
     && pProbe->nSample 
     && pNew->u.btree.nEq<=pProbe->nSampleCol
     && OptimizationEnabled(db, SQLITE_Stat3) 
    ){
................................................................................
        rc = whereEqualScanEst(pParse, pBuilder, pExpr->pRight, &nOut);
      }else if( (pTerm->eOperator & WO_IN)
             &&  !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect)  ){
        rc = whereInScanEst(pParse, pBuilder, pExpr->x.pList, &nOut);
      }
      assert( nOut==0 || rc==SQLITE_OK );
      if( nOut ){
        nOut = whereCost(nOut);
        pNew->nOut = MIN(nOut, saved_nOut);
      }
    }
#endif
    if( (pNew->wsFlags & (WHERE_IDX_ONLY|WHERE_IPK))==0 ){
      /* Each row involves a step of the index, then a binary search of
      ** the main table */
      pNew->rRun =  whereCostAdd(pNew->rRun, rLogSize>27 ? rLogSize-17 : 10);
    }
    /* Step cost for each output row */
    pNew->rRun = whereCostAdd(pNew->rRun, pNew->nOut);
    /* TBD: Adjust nOut for additional constraints */
    rc = whereLoopInsert(pBuilder, pNew);
    if( (pNew->wsFlags & WHERE_TOP_LIMIT)==0
     && pNew->u.btree.nEq<(pProbe->nColumn + (pProbe->zName!=0))
    ){
      whereLoopAddBtreeIndex(pBuilder, pSrc, pProbe, nInMul+nIn);
    }
    pNew->nOut = saved_nOut;
................................................................................
  int aiColumnPk = -1;        /* The aColumn[] value for the sPk index */
  SrcList *pTabList;          /* The FROM clause */
  struct SrcList_item *pSrc;  /* The FROM clause btree term to add */
  WhereLoop *pNew;            /* Template WhereLoop object */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;         /* Return code */
  int iSortIdx = 1;           /* Index number */
  int b;                      /* A boolean value */
  WhereCost rSize;            /* number of rows in the table */
  WhereCost rLogSize;         /* Logarithm of the number of rows in the table */
  WhereClause *pWC;           /* The parsed WHERE clause */

  
  pNew = pBuilder->pNew;
  pWInfo = pBuilder->pWInfo;
  pTabList = pWInfo->pTabList;
  pSrc = pTabList->a + pNew->iTab;

  pWC = pBuilder->pWC;
  assert( !IsVirtual(pSrc->pTab) );

  if( pSrc->pIndex ){
    /* An INDEXED BY clause specifies a particular index to use */
    pProbe = pSrc->pIndex;
  }else{
................................................................................
    ** indices to follow */
    Index *pFirst;                  /* First of real indices on the table */
    memset(&sPk, 0, sizeof(Index));
    sPk.nColumn = 1;
    sPk.aiColumn = &aiColumnPk;
    sPk.aiRowEst = aiRowEstPk;
    sPk.onError = OE_Replace;
    sPk.pTable = pSrc->pTab;
    aiRowEstPk[0] = pSrc->pTab->nRowEst;
    aiRowEstPk[1] = 1;
    pFirst = pSrc->pTab->pIndex;
    if( pSrc->notIndexed==0 ){
      /* The real indices of the table are only considered if the
      ** NOT INDEXED qualifier is omitted from the FROM clause */
      sPk.pNext = pFirst;
    }
    pProbe = &sPk;
  }
  rSize = whereCost(pSrc->pTab->nRowEst);
  rLogSize = estLog(rSize);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOMATIC_INDEX
  /* Automatic indexes */
  if( !pBuilder->pOrSet
   && (pWInfo->pParse->db->flags & SQLITE_AutoIndex)!=0
   && pSrc->pIndex==0
................................................................................
        pNew->u.btree.nEq = 1;
        pNew->u.btree.pIndex = 0;
        pNew->nLTerm = 1;
        pNew->aLTerm[0] = pTerm;
        /* TUNING: One-time cost for computing the automatic index is
        ** approximately 7*N*log2(N) where N is the number of rows in
        ** the table being indexed. */
        pNew->rSetup = rLogSize + rSize + 28;  assert( 28==whereCost(7) );
        /* TUNING: Each index lookup yields 20 rows in the table.  This
        ** is more than the usual guess of 10 rows, since we have no way
        ** of knowning how selective the index will ultimately be.  It would
        ** not be unreasonable to make this value much larger. */
        pNew->nOut = 43;  assert( 43==whereCost(20) );
        pNew->rRun = whereCostAdd(rLogSize,pNew->nOut);
        pNew->wsFlags = WHERE_AUTO_INDEX;
        pNew->prereq = mExtra | pTerm->prereqRight;
        rc = whereLoopInsert(pBuilder, pNew);
      }
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOMATIC_INDEX */
................................................................................
      /* Integer primary key index */
      pNew->wsFlags = WHERE_IPK;

      /* Full table scan */
      pNew->iSortIdx = b ? iSortIdx : 0;
      /* TUNING: Cost of full table scan is 3*(N + log2(N)).
      **  +  The extra 3 factor is to encourage the use of indexed lookups
      **     over full scans.  A smaller constant 2 is used for covering
      **     index scans so that a covering index scan will be favored over
      **     a table scan. */
      pNew->rRun = whereCostAdd(rSize,rLogSize) + 16;
      rc = whereLoopInsert(pBuilder, pNew);
      if( rc ) break;
    }else{
      Bitmask m = pSrc->colUsed & ~columnsInIndex(pProbe);
      pNew->wsFlags = (m==0) ? (WHERE_IDX_ONLY|WHERE_INDEXED) : WHERE_INDEXED;

      /* Full scan via index */
      if( b
       || ( m==0
         && pProbe->bUnordered==0

         && (pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED)==0
         && sqlite3GlobalConfig.bUseCis
         && OptimizationEnabled(pWInfo->pParse->db, SQLITE_CoverIdxScan)
          )
      ){
        pNew->iSortIdx = b ? iSortIdx : 0;
        if( m==0 ){
          /* TUNING: Cost of a covering index scan is 2*(N + log2(N)).
          **  +  The extra 2 factor is to encourage the use of indexed lookups
          **     over index scans.  A table scan uses a factor of 3 so that
          **     index scans are favored over table scans.
          **  +  If this covering index might also help satisfy the ORDER BY
          **     clause, then the cost is fudged down slightly so that this
          **     index is favored above other indices that have no hope of
          **     helping with the ORDER BY. */
          pNew->rRun = 10 + whereCostAdd(rSize,rLogSize) - b;

        }else{
          assert( b!=0 ); 
          /* TUNING: Cost of scanning a non-covering index is (N+1)*log2(N)
          ** which we will simplify to just N*log2(N) */
          pNew->rRun = rSize + rLogSize;
        }

        rc = whereLoopInsert(pBuilder, pNew);

        if( rc ) break;
      }
    }

    rc = whereLoopAddBtreeIndex(pBuilder, pSrc, pProbe, 0);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
    sqlite3Stat4ProbeFree(pBuilder->pRec);
................................................................................
      pNew->u.vtab.idxNum = pIdxInfo->idxNum;
      pNew->u.vtab.needFree = pIdxInfo->needToFreeIdxStr;
      pIdxInfo->needToFreeIdxStr = 0;
      pNew->u.vtab.idxStr = pIdxInfo->idxStr;
      pNew->u.vtab.isOrdered = (u8)((pIdxInfo->nOrderBy!=0)
                                     && pIdxInfo->orderByConsumed);
      pNew->rSetup = 0;
      pNew->rRun = whereCostFromDouble(pIdxInfo->estimatedCost);
      /* TUNING: Every virtual table query returns 25 rows */
      pNew->nOut = 46;  assert( 46==whereCost(25) );
      whereLoopInsert(pBuilder, pNew);
      if( pNew->u.vtab.needFree ){
        sqlite3_free(pNew->u.vtab.idxStr);
        pNew->u.vtab.needFree = 0;
      }
    }
  }  
................................................................................
  struct SrcList_item *pItem;
  
  pWC = pBuilder->pWC;
  if( pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_AND_ONLY ) return SQLITE_OK;
  pWCEnd = pWC->a + pWC->nTerm;
  pNew = pBuilder->pNew;
  memset(&sSum, 0, sizeof(sSum));



  for(pTerm=pWC->a; pTerm<pWCEnd && rc==SQLITE_OK; pTerm++){
    if( (pTerm->eOperator & WO_OR)!=0
     && (pTerm->u.pOrInfo->indexable & pNew->maskSelf)!=0 
    ){
      WhereClause * const pOrWC = &pTerm->u.pOrInfo->wc;
      WhereTerm * const pOrWCEnd = &pOrWC->a[pOrWC->nTerm];
      WhereTerm *pOrTerm;
      int once = 1;
      int i, j;
    
      pItem = pWInfo->pTabList->a + pNew->iTab;
      iCur = pItem->iCursor;
      sSubBuild = *pBuilder;
      sSubBuild.pOrderBy = 0;
      sSubBuild.pOrSet = &sCur;

      for(pOrTerm=pOrWC->a; pOrTerm<pOrWCEnd; pOrTerm++){
        if( (pOrTerm->eOperator & WO_AND)!=0 ){
          sSubBuild.pWC = &pOrTerm->u.pAndInfo->wc;
................................................................................
          once = 0;
        }else{
          whereOrMove(&sPrev, &sSum);
          sSum.n = 0;
          for(i=0; i<sPrev.n; i++){
            for(j=0; j<sCur.n; j++){
              whereOrInsert(&sSum, sPrev.a[i].prereq | sCur.a[j].prereq,
                            whereCostAdd(sPrev.a[i].rRun, sCur.a[j].rRun),
                            whereCostAdd(sPrev.a[i].nOut, sCur.a[j].nOut));
            }
          }
        }
      }
      pNew->nLTerm = 1;
      pNew->aLTerm[0] = pTerm;
      pNew->wsFlags = WHERE_MULTI_OR;
................................................................................
** Assume that the total number of output rows that will need to be sorted
** will be nRowEst (in the 10*log2 representation).  Or, ignore sorting
** costs if nRowEst==0.
**
** Return SQLITE_OK on success or SQLITE_NOMEM of a memory allocation
** error occurs.
*/
static int wherePathSolver(WhereInfo *pWInfo, WhereCost nRowEst){
  int mxChoice;             /* Maximum number of simultaneous paths tracked */
  int nLoop;                /* Number of terms in the join */
  Parse *pParse;            /* Parsing context */
  sqlite3 *db;              /* The database connection */
  int iLoop;                /* Loop counter over the terms of the join */
  int ii, jj;               /* Loop counters */

  WhereCost rCost;             /* Cost of a path */

  WhereCost mxCost = 0;        /* Maximum cost of a set of paths */

  WhereCost rSortCost;         /* Cost to do a sort */
  int nTo, nFrom;           /* Number of valid entries in aTo[] and aFrom[] */
  WherePath *aFrom;         /* All nFrom paths at the previous level */
  WherePath *aTo;           /* The nTo best paths at the current level */
  WherePath *pFrom;         /* An element of aFrom[] that we are working on */
  WherePath *pTo;           /* An element of aTo[] that we are working on */
  WhereLoop *pWLoop;        /* One of the WhereLoop objects */
  WhereLoop **pX;           /* Used to divy up the pSpace memory */
................................................................................
  }

  /* Seed the search with a single WherePath containing zero WhereLoops.
  **
  ** TUNING: Do not let the number of iterations go above 25.  If the cost
  ** of computing an automatic index is not paid back within the first 25
  ** rows, then do not use the automatic index. */
  aFrom[0].nRow = MIN(pParse->nQueryLoop, 46);  assert( 46==whereCost(25) );
  nFrom = 1;

  /* Precompute the cost of sorting the final result set, if the caller
  ** to sqlite3WhereBegin() was concerned about sorting */
  rSortCost = 0;
  if( pWInfo->pOrderBy==0 || nRowEst==0 ){
    aFrom[0].isOrderedValid = 1;
  }else{
    /* TUNING: Estimated cost of sorting is N*log2(N) where N is the
    ** number of output rows. */


    rSortCost = nRowEst + estLog(nRowEst);
    WHERETRACE(0x002,("---- sort cost=%-3d\n", rSortCost));
  }

  /* Compute successively longer WherePaths using the previous generation
  ** of WherePaths as the basis for the next.  Keep track of the mxChoice
  ** best paths at each generation */
................................................................................
        Bitmask revMask = 0;
        u8 isOrderedValid = pFrom->isOrderedValid;
        u8 isOrdered = pFrom->isOrdered;
        if( (pWLoop->prereq & ~pFrom->maskLoop)!=0 ) continue;
        if( (pWLoop->maskSelf & pFrom->maskLoop)!=0 ) continue;
        /* At this point, pWLoop is a candidate to be the next loop. 
        ** Compute its cost */
        rCost = whereCostAdd(pWLoop->rSetup,pWLoop->rRun + pFrom->nRow);
        rCost = whereCostAdd(rCost, pFrom->rCost);

        maskNew = pFrom->maskLoop | pWLoop->maskSelf;
        if( !isOrderedValid ){
          switch( wherePathSatisfiesOrderBy(pWInfo,
                       pWInfo->pOrderBy, pFrom, pWInfo->wctrlFlags,
                       iLoop, pWLoop, &revMask) ){
            case 1:  /* Yes.  pFrom+pWLoop does satisfy the ORDER BY clause */
              isOrdered = 1;
              isOrderedValid = 1;
              break;
            case 0:  /* No.  pFrom+pWLoop will require a separate sort */
              isOrdered = 0;
              isOrderedValid = 1;
              rCost = whereCostAdd(rCost, rSortCost);
              break;
            default: /* Cannot tell yet.  Try again on the next iteration */
              break;
          }
        }else{
          revMask = pFrom->revLoop;
        }
        /* Check to see if pWLoop should be added to the mxChoice best so far */
        for(jj=0, pTo=aTo; jj<nTo; jj++, pTo++){

          if( pTo->maskLoop==maskNew && pTo->isOrderedValid==isOrderedValid ){



            testcase( jj==nTo-1 );
            break;
          }
        }
        if( jj>=nTo ){
          if( nTo>=mxChoice && rCost>=mxCost ){
#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED
            if( sqlite3WhereTrace&0x4 ){
              sqlite3DebugPrintf("Skip   %s cost=%3d order=%c\n",
                  wherePathName(pFrom, iLoop, pWLoop), rCost,
                  isOrderedValid ? (isOrdered ? 'Y' : 'N') : '?');
            }
#endif
            continue;
          }
          /* Add a new Path to the aTo[] set */
          if( nTo<mxChoice ){
            /* Increase the size of the aTo set by one */
            jj = nTo++;
          }else{
            /* New path replaces the prior worst to keep count below mxChoice */
            for(jj=nTo-1; aTo[jj].rCost<mxCost; jj--){ assert(jj>0); }
          }
          pTo = &aTo[jj];
#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED
          if( sqlite3WhereTrace&0x4 ){
            sqlite3DebugPrintf("New    %s cost=%-3d order=%c\n",
                wherePathName(pFrom, iLoop, pWLoop), rCost,
                isOrderedValid ? (isOrdered ? 'Y' : 'N') : '?');
          }
#endif
        }else{
          if( pTo->rCost<=rCost ){
#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED
            if( sqlite3WhereTrace&0x4 ){
              sqlite3DebugPrintf(
                  "Skip   %s cost=%-3d order=%c",
                  wherePathName(pFrom, iLoop, pWLoop), rCost,
                  isOrderedValid ? (isOrdered ? 'Y' : 'N') : '?');
              sqlite3DebugPrintf("   vs %s cost=%-3d order=%c\n",
                  wherePathName(pTo, iLoop+1, 0), pTo->rCost,
                  pTo->isOrderedValid ? (pTo->isOrdered ? 'Y' : 'N') : '?');
            }
#endif
            testcase( pTo->rCost==rCost );
            continue;
          }
          testcase( pTo->rCost==rCost+1 );
          /* A new and better score for a previously created equivalent path */
#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED
          if( sqlite3WhereTrace&0x4 ){
            sqlite3DebugPrintf(
                "Update %s cost=%-3d order=%c",
                wherePathName(pFrom, iLoop, pWLoop), rCost,
                isOrderedValid ? (isOrdered ? 'Y' : 'N') : '?');
            sqlite3DebugPrintf("  was %s cost=%-3d order=%c\n",
                wherePathName(pTo, iLoop+1, 0), pTo->rCost,
                pTo->isOrderedValid ? (pTo->isOrdered ? 'Y' : 'N') : '?');
          }
#endif
        }
        /* pWLoop is a winner.  Add it to the set of best so far */
        pTo->maskLoop = pFrom->maskLoop | pWLoop->maskSelf;
        pTo->revLoop = revMask;
        pTo->nRow = pFrom->nRow + pWLoop->nOut;
        pTo->rCost = rCost;
        pTo->isOrderedValid = isOrderedValid;
        pTo->isOrdered = isOrdered;
        memcpy(pTo->aLoop, pFrom->aLoop, sizeof(WhereLoop*)*iLoop);
        pTo->aLoop[iLoop] = pWLoop;
        if( nTo>=mxChoice ){

          mxCost = aTo[0].rCost;

          for(jj=1, pTo=&aTo[1]; jj<mxChoice; jj++, pTo++){

            if( pTo->rCost>mxCost ) mxCost = pTo->rCost;



          }
        }
      }
    }

#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED
    if( sqlite3WhereTrace>=2 ){
................................................................................
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "no query solution");
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pSpace);
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  
  /* Find the lowest cost path.  pFrom will be left pointing to that path */
  pFrom = aFrom;
  assert( nFrom==1 );
#if 0 /* The following is needed if nFrom is ever more than 1 */
  for(ii=1; ii<nFrom; ii++){
    if( pFrom->rCost>aFrom[ii].rCost ) pFrom = &aFrom[ii];
  }
#endif
  assert( pWInfo->nLevel==nLoop );
  /* Load the lowest cost path into pWInfo */
  for(iLoop=0; iLoop<nLoop; iLoop++){
    WhereLevel *pLevel = pWInfo->a + iLoop;
    pLevel->pWLoop = pWLoop = pFrom->aLoop[iLoop];
    pLevel->iFrom = pWLoop->iTab;
    pLevel->iTabCur = pWInfo->pTabList->a[pLevel->iFrom].iCursor;
................................................................................
  pTerm = findTerm(pWC, iCur, -1, 0, WO_EQ, 0);
  if( pTerm ){
    pLoop->wsFlags = WHERE_COLUMN_EQ|WHERE_IPK|WHERE_ONEROW;
    pLoop->aLTerm[0] = pTerm;
    pLoop->nLTerm = 1;
    pLoop->u.btree.nEq = 1;
    /* TUNING: Cost of a rowid lookup is 10 */
    pLoop->rRun = 33;  /* 33==whereCost(10) */
  }else{
    for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
      assert( pLoop->aLTermSpace==pLoop->aLTerm );
      assert( ArraySize(pLoop->aLTermSpace)==4 );
      if( pIdx->onError==OE_None 
       || pIdx->pPartIdxWhere!=0 
       || pIdx->nColumn>ArraySize(pLoop->aLTermSpace) 
................................................................................
      if( (pItem->colUsed & ~columnsInIndex(pIdx))==0 ){
        pLoop->wsFlags |= WHERE_IDX_ONLY;
      }
      pLoop->nLTerm = j;
      pLoop->u.btree.nEq = j;
      pLoop->u.btree.pIndex = pIdx;
      /* TUNING: Cost of a unique index lookup is 15 */
      pLoop->rRun = 39;  /* 39==whereCost(15) */
      break;
    }
  }
  if( pLoop->wsFlags ){
    pLoop->nOut = (WhereCost)1;
    pWInfo->a[0].pWLoop = pLoop;
    pLoop->maskSelf = getMask(&pWInfo->sMaskSet, iCur);
    pWInfo->a[0].iTabCur = iCur;
    pWInfo->nRowOut = 1;
    if( pWInfo->pOrderBy ) pWInfo->bOBSat =  1;
    if( pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_WANT_DISTINCT ){
      pWInfo->eDistinct = WHERE_DISTINCT_UNIQUE;
................................................................................
    }
  }
  WHERETRACE(0xffff,("*** Optimizer Finished ***\n"));
  pWInfo->pParse->nQueryLoop += pWInfo->nRowOut;

  /* If the caller is an UPDATE or DELETE statement that is requesting
  ** to use a one-pass algorithm, determine if this is appropriate.
  ** The one-pass algorithm only works if the WHERE clause constraints
  ** the statement to update a single row.
  */
  assert( (wctrlFlags & WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED)==0 || pWInfo->nLevel==1 );
  if( (wctrlFlags & WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED)!=0 
   && (pWInfo->a[0].pWLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_ONEROW)!=0 ){
    pWInfo->okOnePass = 1;
    pWInfo->a[0].pWLoop->wsFlags &= ~WHERE_IDX_ONLY;
................................................................................
    }
    yygotominor.yy342.zStart = yymsp[-3].minor.yy0.z;
    yygotominor.yy342.zEnd = &yymsp[0].minor.yy0.z[yymsp[0].minor.yy0.n];
  }
        break;
      case 231: /* expr ::= CASE case_operand case_exprlist case_else END */
{
  yygotominor.yy342.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_CASE, yymsp[-3].minor.yy122, yymsp[-1].minor.yy122, 0);
  if( yygotominor.yy342.pExpr ){
    yygotominor.yy342.pExpr->x.pList = yymsp[-2].minor.yy442;
    sqlite3ExprSetHeight(pParse, yygotominor.yy342.pExpr);
  }else{
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, yymsp[-2].minor.yy442);

  }
  yygotominor.yy342.zStart = yymsp[-4].minor.yy0.z;
  yygotominor.yy342.zEnd = &yymsp[0].minor.yy0.z[yymsp[0].minor.yy0.n];
}
        break;
      case 232: /* case_exprlist ::= case_exprlist WHEN expr THEN expr */
{
................................................................................
  ** methods of the virtual table are called at appropriate times.  These
  ** values do not contribute to FTS functionality; they are used for
  ** verifying the operation of the SQLite core.
  */
  int inTransaction;     /* True after xBegin but before xCommit/xRollback */
  int mxSavepoint;       /* Largest valid xSavepoint integer */
#endif






};

/*
** When the core wants to read from the virtual table, it creates a
** virtual table cursor (an instance of the following structure) using
** the xOpen method. Cursors are destroyed using the xClose method.
*/
................................................................................
  char *pNextId;                  /* Pointer into the body of aDoclist */
  char *aDoclist;                 /* List of docids for full-text queries */
  int nDoclist;                   /* Size of buffer at aDoclist */
  u8 bDesc;                       /* True to sort in descending order */
  int eEvalmode;                  /* An FTS3_EVAL_XX constant */
  int nRowAvg;                    /* Average size of database rows, in pages */
  sqlite3_int64 nDoc;             /* Documents in table */


  int isMatchinfoNeeded;          /* True when aMatchinfo[] needs filling in */
  u32 *aMatchinfo;                /* Information about most recent match */
  int nMatchinfo;                 /* Number of elements in aMatchinfo[] */
  char *zMatchinfo;               /* Matchinfo specification */
};

#define FTS3_EVAL_FILTER    0
................................................................................
** indicating that all columns should be searched,
** then eSearch would be set to FTS3_FULLTEXT_SEARCH+4.
*/
#define FTS3_FULLSCAN_SEARCH 0    /* Linear scan of %_content table */
#define FTS3_DOCID_SEARCH    1    /* Lookup by rowid on %_content table */
#define FTS3_FULLTEXT_SEARCH 2    /* Full-text index search */











struct Fts3Doclist {
  char *aAll;                    /* Array containing doclist (or NULL) */
  int nAll;                      /* Size of a[] in bytes */
  char *pNextDocid;              /* Pointer to next docid */

  sqlite3_int64 iDocid;          /* Current docid (if pList!=0) */
................................................................................
**   2. Full-text search using a MATCH operator on a non-docid column.
**   3. Linear scan of %_content table.
*/
static int fts3BestIndexMethod(sqlite3_vtab *pVTab, sqlite3_index_info *pInfo){
  Fts3Table *p = (Fts3Table *)pVTab;
  int i;                          /* Iterator variable */
  int iCons = -1;                 /* Index of constraint to use */

  int iLangidCons = -1;           /* Index of langid=x constraint, if present */




  /* By default use a full table scan. This is an expensive option,
  ** so search through the constraints to see if a more efficient 
  ** strategy is possible.
  */
  pInfo->idxNum = FTS3_FULLSCAN_SEARCH;
  pInfo->estimatedCost = 5000000;
  for(i=0; i<pInfo->nConstraint; i++){

    struct sqlite3_index_constraint *pCons = &pInfo->aConstraint[i];
    if( pCons->usable==0 ) continue;



    /* A direct lookup on the rowid or docid column. Assign a cost of 1.0. */
    if( iCons<0 
     && pCons->op==SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_EQ 
     && (pCons->iColumn<0 || pCons->iColumn==p->nColumn+1 )
    ){
      pInfo->idxNum = FTS3_DOCID_SEARCH;
      pInfo->estimatedCost = 1.0;
      iCons = i;
    }

    /* A MATCH constraint. Use a full-text search.
    **
................................................................................

    /* Equality constraint on the langid column */
    if( pCons->op==SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_EQ 
     && pCons->iColumn==p->nColumn + 2
    ){
      iLangidCons = i;
    }
  }
















  if( iCons>=0 ){
    pInfo->aConstraintUsage[iCons].argvIndex = 1;
    pInfo->aConstraintUsage[iCons].omit = 1;
  } 
  if( iLangidCons>=0 ){

    pInfo->aConstraintUsage[iLangidCons].argvIndex = 2;








  } 

  /* Regardless of the strategy selected, FTS can deliver rows in rowid (or
  ** docid) order. Both ascending and descending are possible. 
  */
  if( pInfo->nOrderBy==1 ){
    struct sqlite3_index_orderby *pOrder = &pInfo->aOrderBy[0];
................................................................................
    }
  }else{
    rc = fts3EvalNext((Fts3Cursor *)pCursor);
  }
  assert( ((Fts3Table *)pCsr->base.pVtab)->pSegments==0 );
  return rc;
}




























/*
** This is the xFilter interface for the virtual table.  See
** the virtual table xFilter method documentation for additional
** information.
**
** If idxNum==FTS3_FULLSCAN_SEARCH then do a full table scan against
................................................................................
  int idxNum,                     /* Strategy index */
  const char *idxStr,             /* Unused */
  int nVal,                       /* Number of elements in apVal */
  sqlite3_value **apVal           /* Arguments for the indexing scheme */
){
  int rc;
  char *zSql;                     /* SQL statement used to access %_content */

  Fts3Table *p = (Fts3Table *)pCursor->pVtab;
  Fts3Cursor *pCsr = (Fts3Cursor *)pCursor;







  UNUSED_PARAMETER(idxStr);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(nVal);


  assert( idxNum>=0 && idxNum<=(FTS3_FULLTEXT_SEARCH+p->nColumn) );
  assert( nVal==0 || nVal==1 || nVal==2 );
  assert( (nVal==0)==(idxNum==FTS3_FULLSCAN_SEARCH) );
  assert( p->pSegments==0 );









  /* In case the cursor has been used before, clear it now. */
  sqlite3_finalize(pCsr->pStmt);
  sqlite3_free(pCsr->aDoclist);
  sqlite3Fts3ExprFree(pCsr->pExpr);
  memset(&pCursor[1], 0, sizeof(Fts3Cursor)-sizeof(sqlite3_vtab_cursor));





  if( idxStr ){
    pCsr->bDesc = (idxStr[0]=='D');
  }else{
    pCsr->bDesc = p->bDescIdx;
  }
  pCsr->eSearch = (i16)idxNum;

  if( idxNum!=FTS3_DOCID_SEARCH && idxNum!=FTS3_FULLSCAN_SEARCH ){
    int iCol = idxNum-FTS3_FULLTEXT_SEARCH;
    const char *zQuery = (const char *)sqlite3_value_text(apVal[0]);

    if( zQuery==0 && sqlite3_value_type(apVal[0])!=SQLITE_NULL ){
      return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }

    pCsr->iLangid = 0;
    if( nVal==2 ) pCsr->iLangid = sqlite3_value_int(apVal[1]);

    assert( p->base.zErrMsg==0 );
    rc = sqlite3Fts3ExprParse(p->pTokenizer, pCsr->iLangid,
        p->azColumn, p->bFts4, p->nColumn, iCol, zQuery, -1, &pCsr->pExpr, 
        &p->base.zErrMsg
    );
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
................................................................................
  }

  /* Compile a SELECT statement for this cursor. For a full-table-scan, the
  ** statement loops through all rows of the %_content table. For a
  ** full-text query or docid lookup, the statement retrieves a single
  ** row by docid.
  */
  if( idxNum==FTS3_FULLSCAN_SEARCH ){
    zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(
        "SELECT %s ORDER BY rowid %s",
        p->zReadExprlist, (pCsr->bDesc ? "DESC" : "ASC")
    );
    if( zSql ){
      rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, zSql, -1, &pCsr->pStmt, 0);
      sqlite3_free(zSql);
    }else{
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
  }else if( idxNum==FTS3_DOCID_SEARCH ){
    rc = fts3CursorSeekStmt(pCsr, &pCsr->pStmt);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = sqlite3_bind_value(pCsr->pStmt, 1, apVal[0]);
    }
  }
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  return fts3NextMethod(pCursor);
}

................................................................................
      sqlite3_free(aPoslist);
    }
  }

  return SQLITE_OK;
}







/*
** This function is called for each Fts3Phrase in a full-text query 
** expression to initialize the mechanism for returning rows. Once this
** function has been called successfully on an Fts3Phrase, it may be
** used with fts3EvalPhraseNext() to iterate through the matching docids.
**
** If parameter bOptOk is true, then the phrase may (or may not) use the
** incremental loading strategy. Otherwise, the entire doclist is loaded into
** memory within this call.
**
** SQLITE_OK is returned if no error occurs, otherwise an SQLite error code.
*/
static int fts3EvalPhraseStart(Fts3Cursor *pCsr, int bOptOk, Fts3Phrase *p){
  int rc;                         /* Error code */
  Fts3PhraseToken *pFirst = &p->aToken[0];
  Fts3Table *pTab = (Fts3Table *)pCsr->base.pVtab;










  if( pCsr->bDesc==pTab->bDescIdx 
   && bOptOk==1 
   && p->nToken==1 
   && pFirst->pSegcsr 
   && pFirst->pSegcsr->bLookup 
   && pFirst->bFirst==0




  ){









    /* Use the incremental approach. */
    int iCol = (p->iColumn >= pTab->nColumn ? -1 : p->iColumn);




    rc = sqlite3Fts3MsrIncrStart(
        pTab, pFirst->pSegcsr, iCol, pFirst->z, pFirst->n);
    p->bIncr = 1;



  }else{
    /* Load the full doclist for the phrase into memory. */
    rc = fts3EvalPhraseLoad(pCsr, p);
    p->bIncr = 0;
  }

  assert( rc!=SQLITE_OK || p->nToken<1 || p->aToken[0].pSegcsr==0 || p->bIncr );
................................................................................
      p += sqlite3Fts3GetVarint(p, &iVar);
      *piDocid += ((bDescIdx ? -1 : 1) * iVar);
    }
  }

  *ppIter = p;
}



















































































































































































































/*
** Attempt to move the phrase iterator to point to the next matching docid. 
** If an error occurs, return an SQLite error code. Otherwise, return 
** SQLITE_OK.
**
** If there is no "next" entry and no error occurs, then *pbEof is set to
................................................................................
  u8 *pbEof                       /* OUT: Set to 1 if EOF */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  Fts3Doclist *pDL = &p->doclist;
  Fts3Table *pTab = (Fts3Table *)pCsr->base.pVtab;

  if( p->bIncr ){
    assert( p->nToken==1 );
    assert( pDL->pNextDocid==0 );
    rc = sqlite3Fts3MsrIncrNext(pTab, p->aToken[0].pSegcsr, 
        &pDL->iDocid, &pDL->pList, &pDL->nList
    );
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && !pDL->pList ){
      *pbEof = 1;
    }
  }else if( pCsr->bDesc!=pTab->bDescIdx && pDL->nAll ){
    sqlite3Fts3DoclistPrev(pTab->bDescIdx, pDL->aAll, pDL->nAll, 
        &pDL->pNextDocid, &pDL->iDocid, &pDL->nList, pbEof
    );
    pDL->pList = pDL->pNextDocid;
  }else{
    char *pIter;                            /* Used to iterate through aAll */
    char *pEnd = &pDL->aAll[pDL->nAll];     /* 1 byte past end of aAll */
    if( pDL->pNextDocid ){
      pIter = pDL->pNextDocid;
    }else{
      pIter = pDL->aAll;
    }

    if( pIter>=pEnd ){
      /* We have already reached the end of this doclist. EOF. */
      *pbEof = 1;
    }else{
      sqlite3_int64 iDelta;
      pIter += sqlite3Fts3GetVarint(pIter, &iDelta);
      if( pTab->bDescIdx==0 || pDL->pNextDocid==0 ){
        pDL->iDocid += iDelta;
      }else{
        pDL->iDocid -= iDelta;
      }
      pDL->pList = pIter;
      fts3PoslistCopy(0, &pIter);
      pDL->nList = (int)(pIter - pDL->pList);

      /* pIter now points just past the 0x00 that terminates the position-
      ** list for document pDL->iDocid. However, if this position-list was
      ** edited in place by fts3EvalNearTrim(), then pIter may not actually
      ** point to the start of the next docid value. The following line deals
      ** with this case by advancing pIter past the zero-padding added by
      ** fts3EvalNearTrim().  */
      while( pIter<pEnd && *pIter==0 ) pIter++;

      pDL->pNextDocid = pIter;
      assert( pIter>=&pDL->aAll[pDL->nAll] || *pIter );
      *pbEof = 0;
    }
  }

  return rc;
}

/*
**
................................................................................
**
** If an error occurs within this function, *pRc is set to an SQLite error
** code before returning.
*/
static void fts3EvalStartReaders(
  Fts3Cursor *pCsr,               /* FTS Cursor handle */
  Fts3Expr *pExpr,                /* Expression to initialize phrases in */
  int bOptOk,                     /* True to enable incremental loading */
  int *pRc                        /* IN/OUT: Error code */
){
  if( pExpr && SQLITE_OK==*pRc ){
    if( pExpr->eType==FTSQUERY_PHRASE ){
      int i;
      int nToken = pExpr->pPhrase->nToken;
      for(i=0; i<nToken; i++){
        if( pExpr->pPhrase->aToken[i].pDeferred==0 ) break;
      }
      pExpr->bDeferred = (i==nToken);
      *pRc = fts3EvalPhraseStart(pCsr, bOptOk, pExpr->pPhrase);
    }else{
      fts3EvalStartReaders(pCsr, pExpr->pLeft, bOptOk, pRc);
      fts3EvalStartReaders(pCsr, pExpr->pRight, bOptOk, pRc);
      pExpr->bDeferred = (pExpr->pLeft->bDeferred && pExpr->pRight->bDeferred);
    }
  }
}

/*
** An array of the following structures is assembled as part of the process
................................................................................
      pToken->pSegcsr = 0;
    }else{
      /* Set nLoad4 to the value of (4^nOther) for the next iteration of the
      ** for-loop. Except, limit the value to 2^24 to prevent it from 
      ** overflowing the 32-bit integer it is stored in. */
      if( ii<12 ) nLoad4 = nLoad4*4;

      if( ii==0 || pTC->pPhrase->nToken>1 ){
        /* Either this is the cheapest token in the entire query, or it is
        ** part of a multi-token phrase. Either way, the entire doclist will
        ** (eventually) be loaded into memory. It may as well be now. */
        Fts3PhraseToken *pToken = pTC->pToken;
        int nList = 0;
        char *pList = 0;
        rc = fts3TermSelect(pTab, pToken, pTC->iCol, &nList, &pList);
................................................................................
      }

      sqlite3_free(aTC);
    }
  }
#endif

  fts3EvalStartReaders(pCsr, pCsr->pExpr, 1, &rc);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Invalidate the current position list for phrase pPhrase.
*/
static void fts3EvalInvalidatePoslist(Fts3Phrase *pPhrase){
................................................................................
      fts3EvalNextRow(pCsr, pExpr, &rc);
      pCsr->isEof = pExpr->bEof;
      pCsr->isRequireSeek = 1;
      pCsr->isMatchinfoNeeded = 1;
      pCsr->iPrevId = pExpr->iDocid;
    }while( pCsr->isEof==0 && fts3EvalTestDeferredAndNear(pCsr, &rc) );
  }










  return rc;
}

/*
** Restart interation for expression pExpr so that the next call to
** fts3EvalNext() visits the first row. Do not allow incremental 
** loading or merging of phrase doclists for this iteration.
................................................................................
){
  if( pExpr && *pRc==SQLITE_OK ){
    Fts3Phrase *pPhrase = pExpr->pPhrase;

    if( pPhrase ){
      fts3EvalInvalidatePoslist(pPhrase);
      if( pPhrase->bIncr ){

        assert( pPhrase->nToken==1 );
        assert( pPhrase->aToken[0].pSegcsr );


        sqlite3Fts3MsrIncrRestart(pPhrase->aToken[0].pSegcsr);
        *pRc = fts3EvalPhraseStart(pCsr, 0, pPhrase);
      }



      pPhrase->doclist.pNextDocid = 0;
      pPhrase->doclist.iDocid = 0;
    }

    pExpr->iDocid = 0;
    pExpr->bEof = 0;
    pExpr->bStart = 0;
................................................................................
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  iDocid = pExpr->iDocid;
  pIter = pPhrase->doclist.pList;
  if( iDocid!=pCsr->iPrevId || pExpr->bEof ){
    int bDescDoclist = pTab->bDescIdx;      /* For DOCID_CMP macro */

    int bOr = 0;
    u8 bEof = 0;
    Fts3Expr *p;




    /* Check if this phrase descends from an OR expression node. If not, 
    ** return NULL. Otherwise, the entry that corresponds to docid 
    ** pCsr->iPrevId may lie earlier in the doclist buffer. */



    for(p=pExpr->pParent; p; p=p->pParent){
      if( p->eType==FTSQUERY_OR ) bOr = 1;


    }
    if( bOr==0 ) return SQLITE_OK;

    /* This is the descendent of an OR node. In this case we cannot use
    ** an incremental phrase. Load the entire doclist for the phrase
    ** into memory in this case.  */
    if( pPhrase->bIncr ){
................................................................................
        fts3EvalNextRow(pCsr, pExpr, &rc);
        if( bEofSave==0 && pExpr->iDocid==iDocid ) break;
      }
      pIter = pPhrase->doclist.pList;
      assert( rc!=SQLITE_OK || pPhrase->bIncr==0 );
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
    }



    if( pExpr->bEof ){
      pIter = 0;





      iDocid = 0;

    }

    bEof = (pPhrase->doclist.nAll==0);
    assert( bDescDoclist==0 || bDescDoclist==1 );
    assert( pCsr->bDesc==0 || pCsr->bDesc==1 );


    if( pCsr->bDesc==bDescDoclist ){
      int dummy;
















      while( (pIter==0 || DOCID_CMP(iDocid, pCsr->iPrevId)>0 ) && bEof==0 ){
        sqlite3Fts3DoclistPrev(
            bDescDoclist, pPhrase->doclist.aAll, pPhrase->doclist.nAll, 
            &pIter, &iDocid, &dummy, &bEof
        );
      }
    }else{




      while( (pIter==0 || DOCID_CMP(iDocid, pCsr->iPrevId)<0 ) && bEof==0 ){
        sqlite3Fts3DoclistNext(
            bDescDoclist, pPhrase->doclist.aAll, pPhrase->doclist.nAll, 
            &pIter, &iDocid, &bEof
        );

      }
    }

    if( bEof || iDocid!=pCsr->iPrevId ) pIter = 0;
  }
  if( pIter==0 ) return SQLITE_OK;

................................................................................
  p->bAutoincrmerge = fts3Getint(&zParam)!=0;
  if( !p->bHasStat ){
    assert( p->bFts4==0 );
    sqlite3Fts3CreateStatTable(&rc, p);
    if( rc ) return rc;
  }
  rc = fts3SqlStmt(p, SQL_REPLACE_STAT, &pStmt, 0);
  if( rc ) return rc;;
  sqlite3_bind_int(pStmt, 1, FTS_STAT_AUTOINCRMERGE);
  sqlite3_bind_int(pStmt, 2, p->bAutoincrmerge);
  sqlite3_step(pStmt);
  rc = sqlite3_reset(pStmt);
  return rc;
}

................................................................................
    rc = fts3DoAutoincrmerge(p, &zVal[10]);
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
  }else if( nVal>9 && 0==sqlite3_strnicmp(zVal, "nodesize=", 9) ){
    p->nNodeSize = atoi(&zVal[9]);
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }else if( nVal>11 && 0==sqlite3_strnicmp(zVal, "maxpending=", 9) ){
    p->nMaxPendingData = atoi(&zVal[11]);



    rc = SQLITE_OK;
#endif
  }else{
    rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
  }

  return rc;







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>
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>
>
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>
>
>
>
>
>
>
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>
>
>
>
>
>
>
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|
<
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<
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|
<
<
<
<
<
<
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<
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21
22
23
24
25
26
27









































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































28
29
30
31
32
33
34
...
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
....
1641
1642
1643
1644
1645
1646
1647
1648
1649
1650
1651
1652
1653
1654
1655
1656
1657
1658
1659
1660
1661
1662
1663
1664
1665
1666
1667
1668
1669
1670
1671
1672
1673
1674
1675
....
1690
1691
1692
1693
1694
1695
1696
1697
1698
1699
1700
1701
1702
1703
1704
1705
1706
1707
1708
1709
1710
1711
1712
1713
....
7323
7324
7325
7326
7327
7328
7329
7330
7331
7332
7333
7334
7335
7336
7337
7338
7339
7340
7341
7342
7343
7344
7345
7346
7347
7348
7349
7350
7351
7352
7353
7354
7355
7356
7357
7358
7359
7360
7361
7362
7363
7364
7365
7366
7367
7368
7369
7370
7371
7372
7373
7374
7375
7376
7377
7378
7379
7380
7381
7382
7383
7384
7385
7386
7387
7388
7389
7390
7391
7392
7393
7394
7395
7396
7397
7398
7399
7400
7401
7402
7403
7404
7405
7406
7407
7408
7409
7410
7411
7412
7413
7414
7415
7416
7417
7418
7419
7420
7421
7422
7423
7424
7425
7426
7427
7428
7429
7430
7431
7432
7433
7434
7435
7436
7437
7438
7439
7440
7441
7442
7443
7444
7445
7446
7447
7448
7449
7450
7451
7452
7453
7454
7455
7456
7457
7458
7459
7460
7461
7462
7463
7464
7465
7466
7467
7468
7469
7470
7471
7472
7473
7474
7475
7476
7477
7478
7479
7480
7481
7482
7483
7484
7485
7486
7487
7488
7489
7490
7491
7492
7493
7494
7495
7496
7497
7498
7499
7500
7501
7502
7503
7504
7505
7506
7507
7508
7509
7510
7511
7512
7513
7514
7515
7516
7517
7518
7519
7520
7521
7522
7523
7524
7525
7526
7527
7528
7529
7530
7531
7532
7533
7534
7535
7536
7537
7538
7539
7540
7541
7542
7543
7544
7545
7546
7547
7548
7549
7550
7551
7552
7553
7554
7555
7556
7557
7558
7559
7560
7561
7562
7563
7564
7565
7566
7567
7568
7569
7570
7571
7572
7573
7574
7575
7576
7577
7578
7579
7580
7581
7582
7583
7584
7585
7586
7587
7588
7589
7590
7591
7592
7593
7594
7595
7596
7597
7598
7599
7600
7601
7602
7603
7604
7605
7606
7607
7608
7609
7610
7611
7612
7613
7614
7615
7616
7617
7618
7619
7620
7621
7622
7623
7624
7625
7626
7627
7628
7629
7630
7631
7632
7633
7634
7635
7636
7637
7638
7639
7640
7641
7642
7643
7644
7645
7646
7647
7648
7649
7650
7651
7652
7653
7654
7655
7656
7657
7658
7659
7660
7661
7662
7663
7664
7665
7666
7667
7668
7669
7670
7671
7672
7673
7674
7675
7676
7677
7678
7679
7680
7681
7682
7683
7684
7685
7686
7687
7688
7689
7690
7691
7692
7693
7694
7695
7696
7697
7698
7699
7700
7701
7702
7703
7704
7705
7706
7707
7708
7709
7710
7711
7712
7713
7714
7715
7716
7717
7718
7719
7720
7721
7722
7723
7724
7725
7726
7727
7728
7729
7730
7731
7732
7733
7734
7735
7736
7737
7738
7739
7740
7741
7742
7743
7744
7745
7746
7747
7748
7749
7750
7751
7752
7753
7754
7755
7756
7757
7758
7759
7760
7761
7762
7763
7764
7765
7766
7767
7768
7769
7770
7771
7772
7773
7774
7775
7776
7777
7778
7779
7780
7781
7782
7783
7784
7785
7786
7787
7788
7789
7790
7791
7792
7793
7794
7795
7796
7797
7798
7799
7800
7801
7802
7803
7804
7805
7806
7807
7808
7809
7810
7811
7812
7813
7814
7815
7816
7817
7818
7819
7820
7821
7822
7823
7824
7825
7826
7827
7828
7829
7830
7831
7832
7833
7834
7835
7836
7837
7838
7839
7840
7841
7842
7843
7844
7845
7846
7847
7848
7849
7850
7851
7852
7853
7854
7855
7856
....
8268
8269
8270
8271
8272
8273
8274
8275
8276
8277
8278
8279
8280
8281
8282
8283
8284
8285
8286
8287
8288
8289
8290
8291
8292
8293
8294
8295
8296
8297
8298
8299
8300
8301
8302
8303
8304
8305
8306
.....
10273
10274
10275
10276
10277
10278
10279
10280
10281
10282
10283
10284
10285
10286
10287
.....
10440
10441
10442
10443
10444
10445
10446
10447
10448
10449
10450
10451
10452
10453
10454
10455
.....
10605
10606
10607
10608
10609
10610
10611
10612
10613
10614
10615
10616
10617
10618
10619
.....
10717
10718
10719
10720
10721
10722
10723
10724
10725
10726
10727
10728
10729
10730
10731
.....
10804
10805
10806
10807
10808
10809
10810
10811
10812
10813
10814
10815
10816
10817
10818
.....
10969
10970
10971
10972
10973
10974
10975
10976
10977
10978
10979
10980
10981
10982
10983
10984
10985
10986
10987
10988
10989
10990
10991
10992
10993
10994
10995
10996
10997
10998
10999
11000
11001
11002
11003
11004
11005
11006
11007
11008
11009

11010
11011
11012
11013
11014
11015
11016
11017
11018
11019
11020
11021
11022
11023
11024
11025
11026
11027
11028
11029
11030
11031
11032
11033
11034
11035
11036
11037
11038
11039
11040
11041
11042
11043
11044
11045
11046
11047
11048
11049
11050
11051
11052
11053
11054
11055
11056
11057





11058
11059
11060
11061
11062
11063
11064
.....
11660
11661
11662
11663
11664
11665
11666
11667
11668
11669
11670
11671
11672
11673
11674
.....
12199
12200
12201
12202
12203
12204
12205
12206
12207
12208
12209
12210
12211
12212
12213
12214
12215
12216
12217
12218
12219
12220
12221
12222
12223
12224
12225
12226
12227
12228
12229
12230
.....
12333
12334
12335
12336
12337
12338
12339
12340
12341
12342
12343
12344
12345
12346
12347
.....
12437
12438
12439
12440
12441
12442
12443
12444
12445
12446
12447
12448
12449
12450
12451
.....
13616
13617
13618
13619
13620
13621
13622
13623
13624
13625
13626
13627
13628
13629
13630
.....
14296
14297
14298
14299
14300
14301
14302
14303
14304
14305
14306
14307
14308
14309
14310
14311
.....
14428
14429
14430
14431
14432
14433
14434
14435
14436
14437
14438
14439
14440
14441
14442
14443
14444
14445
.....
14488
14489
14490
14491
14492
14493
14494
14495
14496
14497
14498
14499
14500
14501
14502
14503
14504
14505
14506
.....
15089
15090
15091
15092
15093
15094
15095
15096
15097
15098
15099
15100
15101
15102
15103
15104
.....
19296
19297
19298
19299
19300
19301
19302
19303
19304
19305
19306
19307
19308
19309
19310
.....
21412
21413
21414
21415
21416
21417
21418
21419
21420
21421
21422
21423
21424
21425
21426
21427
.....
22427
22428
22429
22430
22431
22432
22433
22434
22435
22436
22437
22438
22439
22440
22441
22442
22443
22444
22445
22446
22447
22448
22449
22450
22451
22452
22453
22454
22455
22456
22457
22458
22459
22460
22461
22462
22463
22464
22465
22466
22467
22468
22469
22470
22471
22472
22473
22474
22475
22476
22477
22478
22479
22480
22481
22482
22483
22484
22485
22486
22487
22488
22489
22490
22491
22492
22493
22494
22495
22496
22497
22498
22499
22500
22501
22502
22503
22504
22505
22506
22507
22508
22509
22510
22511
22512
22513
22514
22515
22516
22517
.....
31498
31499
31500
31501
31502
31503
31504
31505
31506
31507
31508
31509
31510
31511
31512
31513
31514
31515
31516
31517
31518
31519
31520
31521
31522
31523
31524
31525
31526
31527
31528
31529
31530
31531
31532
31533
31534
31535
31536
31537
31538
31539
31540
31541
31542
31543
31544
31545
31546
31547
31548
31549
31550
31551
31552
31553
31554
31555
31556
31557
31558
31559
31560
31561
31562
31563
31564
31565
31566
31567
31568
31569
31570
31571
31572
31573
31574
31575
31576
31577
31578
31579
31580
31581
31582
31583
31584
31585
31586
31587
31588
31589
31590
31591
31592
31593
31594
31595
31596
31597
31598
31599
31600
31601
31602
31603
31604
31605
31606
31607
31608
31609
31610
31611
31612
31613
31614
31615
31616
31617
31618
31619
31620
31621
31622
31623
31624
31625
31626
31627
31628
31629
31630
31631
31632
31633
31634
31635
31636
31637
31638
31639
31640
31641
31642
31643
31644
31645
31646
31647
31648
31649
31650
31651
31652
31653
31654
31655
31656
31657
31658
31659
31660
31661
31662
31663
31664
31665
31666
31667
31668
31669
31670
31671
31672
31673
31674
31675
31676
31677
31678
31679
31680
31681
31682
31683
31684
31685
31686
31687
31688
31689
31690
31691
31692
31693
31694
31695
31696
31697
31698
31699
31700
31701
31702
31703
31704
31705
31706
31707
31708
31709
31710
31711
31712
31713
31714
31715
31716
31717
31718
31719
31720
31721
31722
31723
31724
31725
31726
31727
31728
31729
31730
31731
31732
31733
31734
31735
31736
31737
31738
31739
31740
31741
31742
31743
31744
31745
31746
31747
31748
31749
31750
31751
31752
31753
31754
31755
31756
31757
31758
31759
31760
31761
31762
31763
31764
31765
31766
31767
31768
31769
31770
31771
31772
31773
31774
31775
31776
31777
31778
31779
31780
31781
31782
31783
31784
31785
31786
31787
31788
31789
31790
31791
31792
31793
31794
31795
31796
31797
31798
31799
31800
31801
31802
31803
31804
31805
31806
31807
31808
31809
31810
31811
31812
31813
31814
31815
31816
31817
31818
.....
31960
31961
31962
31963
31964
31965
31966
31967
31968
31969
31970
31971
31972
31973
31974
31975
31976
31977
31978
31979
31980
31981
31982
31983
31984
31985
31986
31987
31988
31989
31990
31991
31992
31993
.....
36002
36003
36004
36005
36006
36007
36008
36009
36010
36011
36012
36013
36014
36015
36016
.....
49103
49104
49105
49106
49107
49108
49109
49110
49111
49112
49113
49114
49115
49116
49117
49118
49119
49120
49121
49122
49123
49124
49125
49126
49127
49128
49129
49130
49131
49132
49133
49134
49135
49136
49137
49138
49139
49140
.....
52496
52497
52498
52499
52500
52501
52502

52503
52504
52505
52506
52507
52508
52509
.....
52655
52656
52657
52658
52659
52660
52661
52662
52663
52664
52665
52666
52667
52668
52669
.....
60306
60307
60308
60309
60310
60311
60312
60313
60314
60315
60316
60317
60318
60319
60320
60321
60322
.....
60479
60480
60481
60482
60483
60484
60485
60486
60487
60488
60489
60490
60491
60492
60493
.....
63097
63098
63099
63100
63101
63102
63103
63104
63105
63106
63107
63108
63109
63110
63111
.....
64493
64494
64495
64496
64497
64498
64499
64500
64501
64502
64503
64504
64505
64506
64507
.....
64518
64519
64520
64521
64522
64523
64524
64525
64526
64527
64528
64529
64530
64531
64532
64533
64534
64535
64536
64537
64538
64539
64540
64541
64542
64543
64544
.....
66684
66685
66686
66687
66688
66689
66690
66691
66692
66693
66694
66695
66696
66697
66698
.....
74601
74602
74603
74604
74605
74606
74607
74608
74609
74610
74611
74612
74613
74614
74615
.....
74820
74821
74822
74823
74824
74825
74826
74827
74828
74829
74830
74831
74832
74833
74834
.....
74843
74844
74845
74846
74847
74848
74849
74850
74851
74852
74853
74854
74855
74856
74857
.....
74943
74944
74945
74946
74947
74948
74949
74950
74951
74952
74953
74954
74955
74956
74957
74958
74959
74960
74961
74962
.....
75284
75285
75286
75287
75288
75289
75290
75291
75292
75293
75294
75295
75296
75297
75298
75299
75300
75301
75302
75303
75304
75305
75306
75307
75308
75309
75310
.....
75318
75319
75320
75321
75322
75323
75324
75325
75326
75327
75328
75329
75330
75331
75332
.....
75410
75411
75412
75413
75414
75415
75416
75417
75418
75419
75420
75421
75422
75423
75424
75425
75426
75427
75428
75429
75430
75431
75432
75433
75434
75435
75436
75437
75438
75439
75440
.....
76207
76208
76209
76210
76211
76212
76213
76214
76215
76216
76217
76218
76219
76220
76221
.....
76236
76237
76238
76239
76240
76241
76242
76243
76244
76245
76246
76247
76248
76249
76250
.....
76251
76252
76253
76254
76255
76256
76257
76258
76259
76260
76261
76262
76263
76264
76265
76266
76267
76268
76269
76270
76271
76272
76273
76274
76275
76276
76277
76278
76279
.....
76770
76771
76772
76773
76774
76775
76776
76777
76778
76779
76780
76781
76782
76783
76784
.....
76840
76841
76842
76843
76844
76845
76846
76847
76848
76849
76850
76851
76852
76853
76854
76855
76856
76857
76858
76859
.....
76905
76906
76907
76908
76909
76910
76911
76912
76913
76914
76915
76916
76917
76918
76919
76920
76921
76922
76923
76924
76925
76926
76927
76928
76929
76930
76931
.....
77011
77012
77013
77014
77015
77016
77017
77018
77019
77020
77021
77022
77023
77024
77025
.....
77031
77032
77033
77034
77035
77036
77037
77038
77039
77040
77041
77042
77043
77044
77045
77046
77047

77048
77049
77050
77051
77052
77053
77054
77055
.....
77351
77352
77353
77354
77355
77356
77357
77358
77359
77360
77361
77362
77363
77364
77365
.....
77782
77783
77784
77785
77786
77787
77788
77789
77790
77791
77792
77793
77794
77795
77796
.....
77851
77852
77853
77854
77855
77856
77857
77858
77859
77860
77861
77862
77863
77864
77865
.....
78020
78021
78022
78023
78024
78025
78026
78027
78028
78029
78030
78031
78032
78033
78034
.....
78491
78492
78493
78494
78495
78496
78497
78498
78499
78500
78501
78502
78503
78504
78505
78506
78507
78508
78509
78510
78511
78512
78513
78514
.....
78627
78628
78629
78630
78631
78632
78633
78634
78635
78636
78637
78638
78639
78640
78641
.....
78801
78802
78803
78804
78805
78806
78807
78808
78809
78810
78811
78812
78813
78814
78815
.....
78835
78836
78837
78838
78839
78840
78841
78842
78843
78844
78845
78846
78847
78848
78849
78850
78851
78852
78853
78854
78855
78856
.....
79040
79041
79042
79043
79044
79045
79046
79047
79048
79049
79050
79051
79052
79053
79054
79055
79056
.....
79063
79064
79065
79066
79067
79068
79069

79070
79071
79072
79073
79074
79075
79076
79077
79078
79079
79080

79081
79082
79083
79084
79085
79086
79087
79088
79089
79090
79091
79092
79093
79094
79095
79096
79097
.....
79101
79102
79103
79104
79105
79106
79107
79108
79109
79110
79111
79112
79113
79114
79115
79116
79117
.....
79215
79216
79217
79218
79219
79220
79221
79222


79223
79224
79225
79226
79227
79228
79229
.....
79294
79295
79296
79297
79298
79299
79300
79301
79302
79303
79304
79305
79306
79307
79308
.....
79345
79346
79347
79348
79349
79350
79351
79352
79353
79354
79355
79356
79357
79358
79359
.....
79594
79595
79596
79597
79598
79599
79600
79601


79602
79603
79604
79605
79606
79607
79608
.....
79692
79693
79694
79695
79696
79697
79698
79699


79700
79701
79702
79703
79704
79705
79706
.....
80007
80008
80009
80010
80011
80012
80013
80014
80015
80016
80017
80018
80019
80020
80021
80022
.....
80222
80223
80224
80225
80226
80227
80228
80229
80230
80231
80232
80233
80234
80235
80236
.....
80271
80272
80273
80274
80275
80276
80277
80278
80279
80280
80281
80282
80283
80284
80285
.....
80317
80318
80319
80320
80321
80322
80323
80324
80325
80326
80327
80328
80329
80330
80331
80332
.....
81855
81856
81857
81858
81859
81860
81861
81862
81863
81864
81865
81866
81867
81868
81869
81870
81871
81872
81873
.....
81885
81886
81887
81888
81889
81890
81891
81892
81893
81894
81895
81896
81897
81898
81899
81900
.....
82016
82017
82018
82019
82020
82021
82022
82023
82024
82025
82026
82027
82028
82029
82030
82031
82032
82033
82034
82035
.....
82062
82063
82064
82065
82066
82067
82068
82069
82070
82071
82072
82073
82074
82075
82076
82077
82078
82079
82080
82081
82082
82083
82084
82085
82086
82087
82088
.....
82093
82094
82095
82096
82097
82098
82099
82100
82101
82102
82103
82104
82105
82106
82107
82108
82109
82110
.....
82528
82529
82530
82531
82532
82533
82534
82535
82536
82537
82538
82539
82540
82541
82542
82543
82544


82545
82546
82547
82548
82549
82550
82551
.....
82552
82553
82554
82555
82556
82557
82558
82559
82560
82561
82562
82563
82564
82565
82566
82567
82568
82569
82570
82571
82572
82573
82574
82575
82576
82577
82578
.....
82603
82604
82605
82606
82607
82608
82609

82610
82611

82612
82613
82614
82615
82616
82617
82618
82619
82620
82621
82622
82623
.....
83332
83333
83334
83335
83336
83337
83338



83339
83340
83341
83342
83343
83344
83345
83346
83347
83348

83349
83350
83351
83352
83353
83354
83355
83356
83357
83358
83359
83360
83361
83362
83363
.....
83377
83378
83379
83380
83381
83382
83383
83384
83385
83386
83387
83388
83389
83390
83391
83392
83393
83394
83395
83396
83397
83398
83399
83400
83401
.....
83409
83410
83411
83412
83413
83414
83415
83416
83417
83418
83419
83420
83421
83422
83423
83424
83425
83426
83427
83428
83429
83430
83431
83432
83433
83434
83435
83436
83437
83438
83439
83440
83441
83442
83443
83444
83445
83446
83447
83448
83449
83450
83451
83452
83453
83454
83455
83456
.....
84625
84626
84627
84628
84629
84630
84631
84632
84633
84634
84635
84636
84637
84638
84639
.....
84772
84773
84774
84775
84776
84777
84778
84779
84780
84781
84782
84783
84784
84785
84786
.....
84814
84815
84816
84817
84818
84819
84820
84821
84822
84823
84824
84825
84826
84827
84828
84829
84830
84831
84832
84833
84834
84835
84836
84837
84838
84839
84840
84841
84842
84843
84844
84845
84846
84847
.....
84851
84852
84853
84854
84855
84856
84857
84858
84859
84860
84861
84862
84863
84864
84865
84866
84867
84868
84869
84870
84871
84872
84873
84874
84875
84876
84877
84878
84879
84880
84881
84882
84883
84884
84885
84886
.....
84894
84895
84896
84897
84898
84899
84900
84901
84902
84903
84904
84905
84906
84907
84908
.....
85242
85243
85244
85245
85246
85247
85248
85249
85250
85251
85252
85253
85254
85255
85256
85257
85258
85259
85260
85261
85262
85263
85264
85265
85266
85267
85268
85269
85270
85271
85272
85273
85274
85275
85276
85277
85278
85279
85280
85281
85282
85283
85284
85285
85286
85287
85288
85289
85290
85291
.....
85305
85306
85307
85308
85309
85310
85311
85312
85313
85314
85315
85316
85317
85318
85319
85320
85321
85322
.....
85327
85328
85329
85330
85331
85332
85333
85334
85335
85336
85337
85338
85339
85340
85341
85342
85343
85344
85345
85346
.....
85530
85531
85532
85533
85534
85535
85536
85537
85538

85539
85540
85541
85542
85543
85544
85545
.....
86292
86293
86294
86295
86296
86297
86298
86299
86300
86301

86302
86303
86304
86305
86306
86307
86308
86309
.....
86332
86333
86334
86335
86336
86337
86338
86339
86340

86341
86342
86343
86344
86345
86346
86347
.....
86522
86523
86524
86525
86526
86527
86528

86529
86530
86531
86532
86533
86534
86535
.....
86558
86559
86560
86561
86562
86563
86564
86565
86566
86567
86568
86569
86570
86571
86572
.....
88464
88465
88466
88467
88468
88469
88470
88471
88472
88473
88474
88475
88476
88477
88478
.....
89207
89208
89209
89210
89211
89212
89213
89214
89215
89216
89217
89218
89219
89220
89221
89222
89223
89224
89225
89226
89227
89228
.....
89333
89334
89335
89336
89337
89338
89339
89340
89341
89342
89343
89344
89345
89346
89347
89348
89349
.....
89414
89415
89416
89417
89418
89419
89420
89421
89422
89423
89424
89425
89426
89427
89428
89429
89430
89431
89432
.....
89470
89471
89472
89473
89474
89475
89476
89477
89478
89479
89480
89481
89482
89483
89484
89485
.....
90448
90449
90450
90451
90452
90453
90454
90455
90456
90457
90458
90459
90460
90461
90462
90463
90464
90465
90466
.....
91170
91171
91172
91173
91174
91175
91176
91177
91178
91179
91180
91181
91182
91183
91184
91185
91186
91187
91188
91189
91190
91191
91192
91193
91194
91195
91196
91197
91198
91199
91200
91201
91202
91203
91204
91205
91206
91207
91208
91209
.....
93721
93722
93723
93724
93725
93726
93727
93728
93729
93730
93731
93732
93733
93734
93735
.....
95154
95155
95156
95157
95158
95159
95160
95161
95162
95163
95164
95165
95166
95167
95168
95169
95170
95171
95172
95173
95174
95175
95176
95177
95178
95179
95180
95181
95182
95183
95184
95185
95186
95187
95188
95189
95190
95191
95192
95193
95194
95195
95196
95197
95198
95199
95200
95201
95202
95203
95204
95205
95206
95207
95208
95209
95210
95211
95212
95213
95214
95215
95216
95217
95218
95219
95220
95221
95222
95223
95224
95225
95226
95227
95228
95229
95230
95231
95232
95233
95234
95235
95236
95237
95238
95239
95240
95241
95242
95243
95244
95245
95246
95247
95248
95249
95250
95251
95252
95253
95254
95255
95256
95257
95258
95259
95260
95261
95262
95263
95264
95265
95266
95267
95268
95269
95270
95271
95272
95273
95274
95275
95276
95277
95278
95279
95280
95281
95282
95283
95284
95285
95286
95287
95288
95289
95290
95291
95292
95293
95294
95295
95296
95297
95298
95299
95300
95301
95302
95303
95304
95305
95306
95307
95308
95309
95310
95311
95312
95313
95314
95315
95316
95317
95318
95319
95320
95321
95322
95323
95324
95325
95326
95327
95328
95329
95330
95331
95332
95333
95334
95335
95336
95337
95338
95339
95340
95341
95342
95343
95344
95345
95346
95347
95348
95349
95350
95351
95352
95353
95354
95355
95356
95357
95358
95359
95360
95361
95362
95363
95364
95365
95366
95367
95368
95369
95370
95371
95372
95373
95374
95375
95376
95377
95378
95379
95380
95381
95382
95383
95384
95385
95386
95387
95388
95389
95390
95391
95392
95393
95394
95395
95396
95397
95398
95399
95400
95401
95402
95403
95404
95405
95406
95407
95408
95409
95410
95411
95412
95413
95414
95415
95416
95417
95418
95419
95420
95421
95422
95423
95424
95425
95426
95427
95428
95429
95430
95431
95432
95433
95434
95435
95436
95437
95438
95439
95440
95441
95442
95443
95444
95445
95446
95447
95448
95449
95450
95451
95452
95453
95454
95455
95456
95457
95458
95459
95460
95461
95462
95463
95464
95465
95466
95467
95468
95469
95470
95471
95472
95473
95474
95475
95476
95477
95478
95479
95480
95481
95482
95483
95484
95485
95486
95487
95488
95489
95490
95491
95492
95493
95494
95495
95496
95497
95498
95499
95500
95501
95502
95503
95504
95505
95506
95507
95508
95509
95510
95511
95512
95513
95514
95515
95516
95517
95518
95519
95520
95521
95522
95523
95524
95525
95526
95527
95528
95529
95530
95531
95532
95533
95534
95535
95536
95537
95538
95539
95540
95541
95542
95543
95544
95545
95546
95547
95548
95549
95550
95551
95552
95553
95554
95555
95556
95557
95558
95559
95560
95561
95562
95563
95564
95565
95566
95567
95568
95569
95570
95571
95572
95573
95574
95575
95576
95577
95578
95579
95580
95581
95582
95583
95584
95585
.....
95747
95748
95749
95750
95751
95752
95753



























































































95754
95755
95756
95757
95758
95759
95760
.....
95816
95817
95818
95819
95820
95821
95822

95823
95824
95825
95826
95827
95828
95829
95830
95831
95832
.....
95874
95875
95876
95877
95878
95879
95880
95881
95882
95883
95884
95885
95886
95887
95888
95889
95890
95891
95892
95893
95894
95895
95896
95897
95898
95899
95900
95901
95902
95903
95904
95905
95906
95907
95908
95909
95910
95911
95912
95913
95914
95915
95916
95917
95918
95919
95920
95921
95922
.....
95926
95927
95928
95929
95930
95931
95932
95933
95934
95935
95936
95937
95938
95939
95940
95941
95942
95943
95944
95945

95946
95947
95948
95949
95950
95951
95952
.....
95957
95958
95959
95960
95961
95962
95963
95964
95965
95966
95967
95968
95969
95970
95971
95972
95973
95974
95975
95976
95977
95978
95979
95980
95981
95982
95983
95984
95985
.....
95986
95987
95988
95989
95990
95991
95992
95993
95994
95995
95996
95997
95998
95999
96000
96001
96002
96003
96004
96005
96006
96007
96008
96009
96010
96011
.....
96012
96013
96014
96015
96016
96017
96018
96019
96020
96021
96022
96023
96024
96025
96026
96027
.....
96032
96033
96034
96035
96036
96037
96038
96039


96040

96041
96042
96043
96044
96045
96046
96047
96048
96049
96050
96051
96052
96053
96054
96055
96056
96057
96058
96059
96060
96061
96062
96063
96064
96065
96066
.....
96085
96086
96087
96088
96089
96090
96091
96092
96093
96094
96095
96096
96097
96098
96099
96100
96101
96102
96103
96104
96105
96106
96107
96108
96109
96110
96111
96112








96113
96114
96115
96116
96117
96118
96119
.....
96137
96138
96139
96140
96141
96142
96143
96144
96145
96146
96147
96148
96149
96150
96151
96152
96153
96154
96155
96156
96157
96158
96159
96160
96161
96162
96163
96164
96165
96166
96167
96168
96169
96170
96171
96172
96173
96174
96175
96176
96177



96178






96179
96180
96181
96182
96183

96184
96185
96186
96187
96188
96189
96190
96191
96192
96193
96194
96195
96196
96197
96198
96199
96200
96201
96202
96203
96204
96205
96206
96207
96208
96209
96210
96211
96212
96213
96214
96215

96216
96217
96218
96219
96220
96221
96222
96223

96224
96225



96226
96227
96228
96229
96230
96231
96232
96233
96234
96235
96236
96237
96238
96239
96240
96241
96242
96243
96244
.....
96245
96246
96247
96248
96249
96250
96251
96252

96253
96254
96255
96256
96257
96258
96259
96260
96261
96262
96263
96264
96265
96266
96267
96268
96269
.....
96271
96272
96273
96274
96275
96276
96277
96278
96279
96280
96281
96282
96283
96284
96285
.....
96298
96299
96300
96301
96302
96303
96304
96305
96306
96307
96308
96309
96310
96311
96312
96313
96314
96315
96316
96317
96318
96319
96320
96321
96322
96323
96324
96325
96326
96327
96328
96329
96330
96331
96332
96333
96334
96335
96336
96337
96338
96339
96340
96341
96342
96343
96344
96345
.....
96364
96365
96366
96367
96368
96369
96370
96371
96372
96373
96374
96375
96376
96377
96378
96379
.....
96381
96382
96383
96384
96385
96386
96387
96388
96389
96390
96391
96392
96393
96394
96395
.....
96408
96409
96410
96411
96412
96413
96414
96415

96416






96417
96418
96419
96420
96421
96422
96423
96424
96425
96426
96427

96428
96429
96430
96431
96432
96433
96434
96435
.....
96452
96453
96454
96455
96456
96457
96458
96459
96460
96461
96462
96463
96464
96465
96466
96467
96468
96469
96470
96471
96472

96473
96474
96475
96476
96477
96478
96479
96480
96481
96482
96483
96484
96485
96486
96487
96488

96489
96490
96491
96492
96493
96494
96495
96496
96497
96498
96499
96500
96501
96502
96503
96504
96505
96506
96507
96508
96509
96510
96511
96512
96513
96514
96515
96516
96517
96518
96519
96520
96521
96522
96523
.....
96525
96526
96527
96528
96529
96530
96531
96532
96533

96534
96535
96536
96537
96538
96539
96540
.....
96570
96571
96572
96573
96574
96575
96576

96577

96578
96579
96580
96581
96582
96583
96584
96585
96586
96587
96588
96589
96590
96591
96592
96593
96594
96595
96596
96597
96598
96599
96600
96601
96602
96603
96604
96605
96606
96607
96608
96609
96610
96611
96612

96613
96614
96615
96616
96617
96618
96619
.....
96625
96626
96627
96628
96629
96630
96631

96632

96633
96634
96635
96636
96637

96638
96639
96640
96641



96642
96643
96644
96645
96646
96647

96648
96649
96650
96651
96652


96653
96654
96655

96656
96657

96658
96659

96660
96661
96662
96663
96664
96665
96666
.....
96667
96668
96669
96670
96671
96672
96673

96674

96675
96676
96677
96678
96679
96680
96681
96682
96683
96684
96685
96686
96687
96688
96689
96690
96691
96692
96693
96694
96695
96696
96697

96698
96699
96700
96701
96702
96703
96704
.....
96730
96731
96732
96733
96734
96735
96736
96737
96738
96739
96740
96741
96742
96743
96744
96745
96746
96747
96748
96749
96750
.....
96752
96753
96754
96755
96756
96757
96758

96759
96760
96761
96762
96763
96764
96765
.....
96845
96846
96847
96848
96849
96850
96851
96852
96853
96854
96855
96856
96857
96858
96859
96860
96861
96862
96863
96864
96865
96866
96867
96868
96869
96870
96871
96872
96873
96874
96875
96876
96877
96878
96879
96880
96881
96882
96883
96884
96885
96886
96887
96888
96889


96890
96891
96892
96893
96894
96895
96896
.....
96912
96913
96914
96915
96916
96917
96918

96919
96920
96921
96922
96923
96924
96925
.....
97041
97042
97043
97044
97045
97046
97047
97048
97049
97050
97051
97052
97053
97054
97055
97056
.....
97068
97069
97070
97071
97072
97073
97074
97075
97076
97077
97078
97079
97080
97081
97082
.....
97115
97116
97117
97118
97119
97120
97121
97122
97123
97124
97125
97126
97127
97128
97129
97130
.....
97150
97151
97152
97153
97154
97155
97156
97157




97158
97159
97160
97161
97162
97163
97164
.....
97194
97195
97196
97197
97198
97199
97200
97201
97202
97203
97204
97205
97206
97207
97208
97209
97210
97211
97212
97213
97214
97215
97216
97217
97218
97219
97220
97221
97222
97223
97224
97225
97226
97227
97228
97229
97230
97231
97232
97233
97234
97235
97236
97237
97238
97239
97240
97241

97242
97243
97244
97245
97246
97247
97248
97249
97250
97251
97252
97253
97254
97255
97256
97257
97258
97259
97260
97261
97262
97263
97264
97265
97266
97267
97268
97269
97270
97271
97272
97273
97274
97275
97276
97277
97278
97279
97280
97281
97282
97283
97284
97285
97286
97287
97288
97289
97290
97291
97292
97293
97294
97295
97296
97297
97298
97299
97300
97301
97302
97303
97304
97305
97306
97307
97308
97309
97310
97311
97312
97313
97314
97315
97316
97317
97318
97319
97320
97321
97322
97323
97324
97325
97326
97327
97328
.....
97339
97340
97341
97342
97343
97344
97345
97346
97347

97348
97349
97350
97351
97352
97353

97354
97355
97356

97357

97358
97359
97360
97361
97362
97363



97364
97365
97366
97367
97368
97369
97370
97371
97372

97373
97374
97375
97376
97377

97378
97379
97380
97381
97382
97383
97384
97385
97386
97387
97388

97389
97390
97391
97392

97393
97394
97395
97396
97397
97398
97399
97400
.....
98537
98538
98539
98540
98541
98542
98543
98544
98545
98546
98547
98548
98549
98550
98551
98552
.....
98573
98574
98575
98576
98577
98578
98579
98580
98581
98582
98583
98584
98585
98586
98587
98588
.....
99333
99334
99335
99336
99337
99338
99339
99340
99341
99342
99343
99344
99345
99346
99347
99348
99349
.....
99350
99351
99352
99353
99354
99355
99356
99357
99358
99359
99360
99361
99362
99363
99364
99365
99366
99367
99368
99369
99370
99371
99372
99373
99374
99375
99376
99377
99378
99379
99380
99381
99382
99383

99384
99385
99386
99387
99388
99389
99390
99391
99392
99393
.....
99440
99441
99442
99443
99444
99445
99446
99447
99448
99449
99450
99451
99452
99453
99454
99455
99456
99457
99458
99459
99460
99461
99462
99463
99464
99465
99466
99467
99468
99469
99470
99471
99472
99473
99474
99475
99476
99477
99478
99479
99480
99481
99482
.....
99485
99486
99487
99488
99489
99490
99491
99492
99493
99494
99495
99496
99497
99498
99499
99500
99501
99502
99503
99504
99505
99506
99507
99508
99509
99510
99511
99512
99513
.....
99525
99526
99527
99528
99529
99530
99531
99532
99533
99534
99535
99536
99537
99538
99539
99540
99541
99542
99543
99544
99545
99546
99547
99548
99549
99550
99551
99552
99553
.....
99728
99729
99730
99731
99732
99733
99734
99735

99736
99737
99738
99739
99740
99741
99742
99743
99744
99745
99746
99747
99748
99749
99750
99751
99752
99753
99754
99755
99756
99757
99758
99759
99760
99761
99762
99763
99764
99765
99766
99767
99768
99769
99770
99771
99772
.....
99786
99787
99788
99789
99790
99791
99792
99793
99794
99795
99796
99797
99798
99799
99800
99801
99802
......
101700
101701
101702
101703
101704
101705
101706
101707
101708
101709
101710
101711
101712
101713
101714
101715
101716
101717
101718
......
101988
101989
101990
101991
101992
101993
101994
101995
101996
101997
101998
101999
102000
102001
102002
......
102903
102904
102905
102906
102907
102908
102909
102910






102911
102912
102913
102914
102915
102916
102917
102918
102919
102920
102921
102922
102923
102924
102925
102926
102927
102928
102929
102930
102931
102932
102933
102934
102935
......
103499
103500
103501
103502
103503
103504
103505
103506
103507
103508
103509
103510
103511
103512
103513
103514
......
103642
103643
103644
103645
103646
103647
103648
103649
103650
103651
103652
103653
103654
103655
103656
103657
103658
103659
......
105236
105237
105238
105239
105240
105241
105242
105243
105244
105245
105246
105247
105248
105249
105250
105251
105252
105253
105254
105255
105256
105257
105258
105259
105260
105261
105262
105263
105264
105265
105266
105267
105268
105269
105270
105271
105272
105273
105274
105275
105276
105277
......
106681
106682
106683
106684
106685
106686
106687



















106688
106689
106690
106691
106692
106693
106694
......
106745
106746
106747
106748
106749
106750
106751
106752
106753
106754
106755
106756
106757
106758
106759
106760
106761
......
106777
106778
106779
106780
106781
106782
106783
106784
106785
106786
106787
106788
106789
106790
106791
106792
......
106816
106817
106818
106819
106820
106821
106822
106823
106824
106825
106826
106827
106828
106829
106830
106831
......
106883
106884
106885
106886
106887
106888
106889
106890
106891
106892
106893
106894
106895
106896
106897
......
107031
107032
107033
107034
107035
107036
107037
107038
107039
107040
107041
107042
107043
107044
107045
......
107091
107092
107093
107094
107095
107096
107097















107098
107099
107100
107101
107102
107103
107104
107105
107106
107107
107108
107109
......
107157
107158
107159
107160
107161
107162
107163
107164
107165
107166
107167
107168
107169
107170
107171
107172
......
107284
107285
107286
107287
107288
107289
107290
107291
107292
107293
107294
107295
107296
107297
107298
107299
107300
107301
107302
......
108549
108550
108551
108552
108553
108554
108555


























108556


108557



































108558
108559


108560
108561
108562
108563
108564
108565
108566
108567
108568
......
108970
108971
108972
108973
108974
108975
108976
108977
108978
108979
108980
108981
108982
108983
108984
108985
108986
......
109070
109071
109072
109073
109074
109075
109076
109077
109078
109079
109080
109081
109082
109083
109084
......
109086
109087
109088
109089
109090
109091
109092
109093
109094
109095
109096
109097
109098
109099
109100
109101
109102
109103
109104
109105
109106
109107
109108
......
109153
109154
109155
109156
109157
109158
109159
109160
109161
109162
109163
109164
109165
109166
109167
......
109168
109169
109170
109171
109172
109173
109174
109175
109176
109177
109178
109179
109180

109181
109182
109183
109184
109185
109186
109187
109188
109189
109190
109191
109192
109193
109194
109195
109196
109197
109198
109199
109200
109201
109202
109203
109204
109205
109206
109207
109208
109209
109210


109211
109212
109213
109214
109215
109216
109217
109218
109219
109220
......
110740
110741
110742
110743
110744
110745
110746

110747
110748
110749
110750
110751
110752
110753
110754
110755
110756
......
110757
110758
110759
110760
110761
110762
110763

110764
110765
110766
110767
110768
110769
110770
110771
110772
110773
110774
110775
110776
......
110808
110809
110810
110811
110812
110813
110814
110815
110816
110817
110818
110819
110820
110821
110822
110823
110824
110825
110826
110827
110828
110829
110830
110831
110832
110833
110834
110835
110836
110837
110838
110839
110840
110841
110842
110843
110844
110845
110846
110847
110848
110849
110850
110851
110852
110853
110854
110855
110856
110857
110858
110859
110860
110861
110862
110863
110864
110865
110866
110867
110868
110869
110870
110871
110872
110873
110874
110875
110876
110877
110878
110879
110880
110881
......
110887
110888
110889
110890
110891
110892
110893
110894
110895
110896
110897
110898
110899
110900
110901
110902
110903
110904
110905
110906
110907
110908
110909
110910
110911
110912
110913
110914
110915
......
110928
110929
110930
110931
110932
110933
110934
110935
110936
110937
110938
110939
110940
110941
110942
110943
110944
110945
......
110953
110954
110955
110956
110957
110958
110959
110960
110961
110962
110963
110964
110965
110966
110967
......
110973
110974
110975
110976
110977
110978
110979
110980
110981
110982
110983
110984
110985
110986
110987
......
110993
110994
110995
110996
110997
110998
110999
111000
111001
111002
111003
111004
111005
111006
111007
111008
111009
111010
111011
111012
111013
111014
111015
111016
111017
111018
111019
......
111104
111105
111106
111107
111108
111109
111110
111111
111112
111113
111114
111115
111116
111117
111118
111119
111120
111121
111122
111123
111124
111125
111126
111127
......
111131
111132
111133
111134
111135
111136
111137
111138
111139
111140
111141
111142
111143
111144
111145
111146
111147
111148
111149
111150
111151
111152
111153
111154
111155
111156
......
111167
111168
111169
111170
111171
111172
111173
111174
111175
111176
111177
111178
111179
111180
111181
111182
111183
111184
111185
111186
111187
......
111207
111208
111209
111210
111211
111212
111213
111214
111215
111216
111217
111218
111219
111220
111221
111222
111223
111224
111225
111226
111227
111228
111229
111230
111231
111232
111233
111234
111235
111236
111237
111238
111239
111240



111241
111242
111243
111244
111245
111246
111247
111248
111249
111250
111251
111252
111253
111254
111255
111256
111257
111258
......
111413
111414
111415
111416
111417
111418
111419
111420
111421
111422
111423
111424
111425
111426
111427
111428
111429
......
111452
111453
111454
111455
111456
111457
111458
111459
111460
111461
111462
111463
111464
111465
111466
111467
111468
111469
111470
111471


111472
111473
111474
111475
111476
111477
111478
......
111505
111506
111507
111508
111509
111510
111511
111512
111513
111514
111515
111516
111517
111518
111519
111520
......
111844
111845
111846
111847
111848
111849
111850
111851
111852
111853
111854
111855
111856
111857
111858
111859
111860
111861
111862
111863
111864
111865
111866
111867
111868
111869
111870
......
111893
111894
111895
111896
111897
111898
111899
111900
111901
111902
111903
111904
111905
111906
111907
111908
111909
111910
111911
111912
111913
111914
111915
111916
111917
111918
111919
......
111925
111926
111927
111928
111929
111930
111931
111932
111933
111934
111935
111936
111937
111938
111939
111940
111941
111942
111943
111944
111945
111946
111947
111948
111949
111950
111951
111952
111953
111954
111955
111956
111957
111958
111959
111960
111961
111962
111963
111964
111965
111966
111967
111968
111969
111970
111971
111972
111973
111974
111975
111976
111977
111978
111979
111980
111981
111982
111983
111984
111985
111986
111987
111988
111989
111990
111991
111992
111993
111994
111995
111996
111997
111998
111999
112000
112001
112002
112003
112004
112005
112006
112007
112008
112009
112010
112011
112012
112013
112014
112015
112016
112017
112018
112019
112020
112021
112022
112023
112024
112025
112026
112027
112028
112029
112030
112031
112032
112033
112034
112035
112036
112037
112038
112039
112040
112041
112042
112043
112044
112045
112046
112047
112048
......
112071
112072
112073
112074
112075
112076
112077


112078
112079
112080

112081
112082
112083
112084
112085
112086
112087
......
112147
112148
112149
112150
112151
112152
112153
112154
112155
112156
112157
112158
112159
112160
112161
......
112170
112171
112172
112173
112174
112175
112176
112177
112178
112179
112180
112181
112182
112183
112184
112185
112186
112187
112188
112189
......
112543
112544
112545
112546
112547
112548
112549
112550
112551
112552
112553
112554
112555
112556
112557
......
115703
115704
115705
115706
115707
115708
115709
115710
115711
115712
115713
115714
115715
115716
115717
115718
115719
115720
115721
115722
115723
......
121961
121962
121963
121964
121965
121966
121967
121968
121969
121970
121971
121972
121973
121974
121975
121976
121977
121978
121979
121980
......
121992
121993
121994
121995
121996
121997
121998
121999
122000
122001
122002
122003
122004
122005
122006
122007
......
122023
122024
122025
122026
122027
122028
122029
122030
122031
122032
122033
122034
122035
122036
122037
122038
122039
122040
122041
122042
122043
122044
122045
......
123452
123453
123454
123455
123456
123457
123458
123459
123460
123461
123462
123463
123464
123465
123466
123467
123468
123469
123470
123471
123472
123473
123474
123475
123476
123477
123478

123479


123480
123481
123482
123483
123484
123485
123486
......
123501
123502
123503
123504
123505
123506
123507
123508
123509
123510
123511
123512
123513
123514
123515
123516
123517
123518
123519
123520
123521
123522
123523
123524
123525
123526
123527
123528
123529
123530
123531
123532
123533
123534
123535
123536
123537
123538
123539
123540
123541
123542
123543
123544
123545
123546
......
124978
124979
124980
124981
124982
124983
124984
124985
124986
124987
124988
124989
124990
124991
124992
124993
124994
124995
124996
124997
124998
124999
125000
125001
125002
125003
125004
125005
125006
125007
125008
125009
125010
125011
125012
125013
125014
125015
125016
125017
125018
......
125031
125032
125033
125034
125035
125036
125037
125038
125039
125040
125041
125042
125043
125044
125045
125046
125047
125048
125049
125050
125051
125052


125053
125054
125055
125056
125057
125058
125059
125060
125061
125062
125063
125064
125065
125066
125067
125068
125069
125070
125071
125072
125073
125074
125075
125076
125077
125078
125079
125080
125081
125082
125083
125084
125085
125086
125087
125088
125089
125090
125091
125092
125093
125094
125095
125096
......
125105
125106
125107
125108
125109
125110
125111
125112
125113
125114
125115
125116
125117
125118
125119
125120
125121
125122
125123
125124
125125
125126
125127
125128
125129
125130
125131
125132
125133
......
126010
126011
126012
126013
126014
126015
126016
126017
126018
126019
126020
126021
126022
126023
126024
126025
126026
126027
126028
126029
126030
126031
126032
126033
126034
126035


126036
126037
126038
126039
126040
126041
126042
126043
126044
126045
126046
126047

126048



126049
126050
126051
126052
126053
126054
126055
126056
126057
126058
126059
126060
126061
126062
126063
126064
126065
126066
126067
126068
126069


126070
126071
126072
126073
126074
126075
126076
126077
126078
126079
......
126173
126174
126175
126176
126177
126178
126179
126180
126181
126182
126183
126184
126185
126186
126187
126188
126189
126190
126191
126192
126193
126194
126195
126196
126197
126198
126199
126200
126201
126202
126203
126204
126205
126206
126207
126208
126209
126210
126211
126212
126213
126214
126215
126216
126217
126218
126219
126220
126221
126222
126223
126224
126225
126226
126227
126228
126229
126230
126231
126232
126233
126234
126235
126236
126237
126238
126239
126240
126241
126242
126243
126244
126245
126246
126247
126248
126249
126250
126251
126252
126253
126254
126255
126256
126257
126258
126259
126260
126261
126262
126263
126264
126265
126266
126267
126268
126269
126270
126271
126272
126273
126274
126275
126276
126277
126278
126279
126280
126281
126282
126283
126284
126285
126286
126287
126288
126289
126290
126291
126292
126293
126294
126295
126296
126297
126298
126299
126300
126301
126302
126303
126304
126305
126306
126307
126308
126309
126310
126311
126312
126313
126314
126315
126316
126317
126318
126319
126320
126321
126322
126323
126324
126325
126326
126327
126328
126329
126330
126331
126332
126333
126334
126335
126336
126337
126338
126339
126340
126341
126342
126343
126344
126345
126346
126347
126348
126349
126350
126351
126352
126353
126354
126355
126356
126357
126358
126359
126360
126361
126362
126363
126364
126365
126366
126367
126368
126369
126370
126371
126372
126373
126374
126375
126376
126377
126378
126379
126380
126381
126382
126383
126384
126385
126386
126387
126388
126389
126390
126391
126392
126393
126394
126395
126396
......
126403
126404
126405
126406
126407
126408
126409
126410







126411
126412
126413
126414
126415
126416
126417


































126418
126419
126420
126421
126422
126423
126424
......
126435
126436
126437
126438
126439
126440
126441

126442
126443
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126445
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126449
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126451
126452
126453
126454
126455
126456
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126458
126459
126460
126461
126462
......
126690
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126694
126695
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126697
126698
126699
126700
126701
126702
126703
126704
......
126770
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126773
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126776
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126780
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126782
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......
127253
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127260
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127264
127265
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......
127286
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127293
127294
127295
127296
127297
127298

127299
127300
127301
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127309
......
127544
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127553

127554
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......
127579
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127588
127589

127590
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......
136469
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......
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#define SQLITE_AMALGAMATION 1
#ifndef SQLITE_PRIVATE
# define SQLITE_PRIVATE static
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_API
# define SQLITE_API
#endif









































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































/************** Begin file sqlite3.h *****************************************/
/*
** 2001 September 15
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
................................................................................
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.8.1"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3008001
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2013-10-12 20:22:00 f0cf8c85dcbcc7778aed2816792c368d777f79cb"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
** log message after formatting via [sqlite3_snprintf()].
** The SQLite logging interface is not reentrant; the logger function
** supplied by the application must not invoke any SQLite interface.
** In a multi-threaded application, the application-defined logger
** function must be threadsafe. </dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_URI]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_URI
** <dd>^(This option takes a single argument of type int. If non-zero, then
** URI handling is globally enabled. If the parameter is zero, then URI handling
** is globally disabled.)^ ^If URI handling is globally enabled, all filenames
** passed to [sqlite3_open()], [sqlite3_open_v2()], [sqlite3_open16()] or
** specified as part of [ATTACH] commands are interpreted as URIs, regardless
** of whether or not the [SQLITE_OPEN_URI] flag is set when the database
** connection is opened. ^If it is globally disabled, filenames are
** only interpreted as URIs if the SQLITE_OPEN_URI flag is set when the
** database connection is opened. ^(By default, URI handling is globally
** disabled. The default value may be changed by compiling with the
** [SQLITE_USE_URI] symbol defined.)^
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN
** <dd>^This option takes a single integer argument which is interpreted as
** a boolean in order to enable or disable the use of covering indices for
** full table scans in the query optimizer.  ^The default setting is determined
** by the [SQLITE_ALLOW_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN] compile-time option, or is "on"
** if that compile-time option is omitted.
** The ability to disable the use of covering indices for full table scans
** is because some incorrectly coded legacy applications might malfunction
** when the optimization is enabled.  Providing the ability to
** disable the optimization allows the older, buggy application code to work
** without change even with newer versions of SQLite.
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE]] [[SQLITE_CONFIG_GETPCACHE]]
** <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE and SQLITE_CONFIG_GETPCACHE
** <dd> These options are obsolete and should not be used by new code.
** They are retained for backwards compatibility but are now no-ops.
................................................................................
** the connection being passed as the second parameter is being closed. The
** third parameter is passed NULL In this case.  An example of using this
** configuration option can be seen in the "test_sqllog.c" source file in
** the canonical SQLite source tree.</dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_MMAP_SIZE]]
** <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_MMAP_SIZE
** <dd>^SQLITE_CONFIG_MMAP_SIZE takes two 64-bit integer (sqlite3_int64) values
** that are the default mmap size limit (the default setting for
** [PRAGMA mmap_size]) and the maximum allowed mmap size limit.
** ^The default setting can be overridden by each database connection using
** either the [PRAGMA mmap_size] command, or by using the
** [SQLITE_FCNTL_MMAP_SIZE] file control.  ^(The maximum allowed mmap size
** cannot be changed at run-time.  Nor may the maximum allowed mmap size
** exceed the compile-time maximum mmap size set by the
** [SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE] compile-time option.)^
** ^If either argument to this option is negative, then that argument is
** changed to its compile-time default.
** </dl>
*/
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_SINGLETHREAD  1  /* nil */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_MULTITHREAD   2  /* nil */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_SERIALIZED    3  /* nil */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC        4  /* sqlite3_mem_methods* */
................................................................................
}  /* end of the 'extern "C"' block */
#endif

#endif  /* ifndef _SQLITE3RTREE_H_ */


/************** End of sqlite3.h *********************************************/
/************** Begin file sqliteInt.h ***************************************/
/*
** 2001 September 15
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** Internal interface definitions for SQLite.
**
*/
#ifndef _SQLITEINT_H_
#define _SQLITEINT_H_

/*
** These #defines should enable >2GB file support on POSIX if the
** underlying operating system supports it.  If the OS lacks
** large file support, or if the OS is windows, these should be no-ops.
**
** Ticket #2739:  The _LARGEFILE_SOURCE macro must appear before any
** system #includes.  Hence, this block of code must be the very first
** code in all source files.
**
** Large file support can be disabled using the -DSQLITE_DISABLE_LFS switch
** on the compiler command line.  This is necessary if you are compiling
** on a recent machine (ex: Red Hat 7.2) but you want your code to work
** on an older machine (ex: Red Hat 6.0).  If you compile on Red Hat 7.2
** without this option, LFS is enable.  But LFS does not exist in the kernel
** in Red Hat 6.0, so the code won't work.  Hence, for maximum binary
** portability you should omit LFS.
**
** Similar is true for Mac OS X.  LFS is only supported on Mac OS X 9 and later.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_DISABLE_LFS
# define _LARGE_FILE       1
# ifndef _FILE_OFFSET_BITS
#   define _FILE_OFFSET_BITS 64
# endif
# define _LARGEFILE_SOURCE 1
#endif

/*
** Include the configuration header output by 'configure' if we're using the
** autoconf-based build
*/
#ifdef _HAVE_SQLITE_CONFIG_H
#include "config.h"
#endif

/************** Include sqliteLimit.h in the middle of sqliteInt.h ***********/
/************** Begin file sqliteLimit.h *************************************/
/*
** 2007 May 7
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** 
** This file defines various limits of what SQLite can process.
*/

/*
** The maximum length of a TEXT or BLOB in bytes.   This also
** limits the size of a row in a table or index.
**
** The hard limit is the ability of a 32-bit signed integer
** to count the size: 2^31-1 or 2147483647.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH
# define SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH 1000000000
#endif

/*
** This is the maximum number of
**
**    * Columns in a table
**    * Columns in an index
**    * Columns in a view
**    * Terms in the SET clause of an UPDATE statement
**    * Terms in the result set of a SELECT statement
**    * Terms in the GROUP BY or ORDER BY clauses of a SELECT statement.
**    * Terms in the VALUES clause of an INSERT statement
**
** The hard upper limit here is 32676.  Most database people will
** tell you that in a well-normalized database, you usually should
** not have more than a dozen or so columns in any table.  And if
** that is the case, there is no point in having more than a few
** dozen values in any of the other situations described above.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_COLUMN
# define SQLITE_MAX_COLUMN 2000
#endif

/*
** The maximum length of a single SQL statement in bytes.
**
** It used to be the case that setting this value to zero would
** turn the limit off.  That is no longer true.  It is not possible
** to turn this limit off.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_SQL_LENGTH
# define SQLITE_MAX_SQL_LENGTH 1000000000
#endif

/*
** The maximum depth of an expression tree. This is limited to 
** some extent by SQLITE_MAX_SQL_LENGTH. But sometime you might 
** want to place more severe limits on the complexity of an 
** expression.
**
** A value of 0 used to mean that the limit was not enforced.
** But that is no longer true.  The limit is now strictly enforced
** at all times.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_EXPR_DEPTH
# define SQLITE_MAX_EXPR_DEPTH 1000
#endif

/*
** The maximum number of terms in a compound SELECT statement.
** The code generator for compound SELECT statements does one
** level of recursion for each term.  A stack overflow can result
** if the number of terms is too large.  In practice, most SQL
** never has more than 3 or 4 terms.  Use a value of 0 to disable
** any limit on the number of terms in a compount SELECT.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_COMPOUND_SELECT
# define SQLITE_MAX_COMPOUND_SELECT 500
#endif

/*
** The maximum number of opcodes in a VDBE program.
** Not currently enforced.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_VDBE_OP
# define SQLITE_MAX_VDBE_OP 25000
#endif

/*
** The maximum number of arguments to an SQL function.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_FUNCTION_ARG
# define SQLITE_MAX_FUNCTION_ARG 127
#endif

/*
** The maximum number of in-memory pages to use for the main database
** table and for temporary tables.  The SQLITE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE
# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE  2000
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_TEMP_CACHE_SIZE
# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_TEMP_CACHE_SIZE  500
#endif

/*
** The default number of frames to accumulate in the log file before
** checkpointing the database in WAL mode.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_WAL_AUTOCHECKPOINT
# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_WAL_AUTOCHECKPOINT  1000
#endif

/*
** The maximum number of attached databases.  This must be between 0
** and 62.  The upper bound on 62 is because a 64-bit integer bitmap
** is used internally to track attached databases.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED
# define SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED 10
#endif


/*
** The maximum value of a ?nnn wildcard that the parser will accept.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_VARIABLE_NUMBER
# define SQLITE_MAX_VARIABLE_NUMBER 999
#endif

/* Maximum page size.  The upper bound on this value is 65536.  This a limit
** imposed by the use of 16-bit offsets within each page.
**
** Earlier versions of SQLite allowed the user to change this value at
** compile time. This is no longer permitted, on the grounds that it creates
** a library that is technically incompatible with an SQLite library 
** compiled with a different limit. If a process operating on a database 
** with a page-size of 65536 bytes crashes, then an instance of SQLite 
** compiled with the default page-size limit will not be able to rollback 
** the aborted transaction. This could lead to database corruption.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
# undef SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
#endif
#define SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE 65536


/*
** The default size of a database page.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE
# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE 1024
#endif
#if SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE>SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
# undef SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE
# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
#endif

/*
** Ordinarily, if no value is explicitly provided, SQLite creates databases
** with page size SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE. However, based on certain
** device characteristics (sector-size and atomic write() support),
** SQLite may choose a larger value. This constant is the maximum value
** SQLite will choose on its own.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE
# define SQLITE_MAX_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE 8192
#endif
#if SQLITE_MAX_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE>SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
# undef SQLITE_MAX_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE
# define SQLITE_MAX_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
#endif


/*
** Maximum number of pages in one database file.
**
** This is really just the default value for the max_page_count pragma.
** This value can be lowered (or raised) at run-time using that the
** max_page_count macro.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_COUNT
# define SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_COUNT 1073741823
#endif

/*
** Maximum length (in bytes) of the pattern in a LIKE or GLOB
** operator.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_LIKE_PATTERN_LENGTH
# define SQLITE_MAX_LIKE_PATTERN_LENGTH 50000
#endif

/*
** Maximum depth of recursion for triggers.
**
** A value of 1 means that a trigger program will not be able to itself
** fire any triggers. A value of 0 means that no trigger programs at all 
** may be executed.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_TRIGGER_DEPTH
# define SQLITE_MAX_TRIGGER_DEPTH 1000
#endif

/************** End of sqliteLimit.h *****************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in sqliteInt.h ******************/

/* Disable nuisance warnings on Borland compilers */
#if defined(__BORLANDC__)
#pragma warn -rch /* unreachable code */
#pragma warn -ccc /* Condition is always true or false */
#pragma warn -aus /* Assigned value is never used */
#pragma warn -csu /* Comparing signed and unsigned */
#pragma warn -spa /* Suspicious pointer arithmetic */
#endif

/* Needed for various definitions... */
#ifndef _GNU_SOURCE
# define _GNU_SOURCE
#endif

#if defined(__OpenBSD__) && !defined(_BSD_SOURCE)
# define _BSD_SOURCE
#endif

/*
** Include standard header files as necessary
*/
#ifdef HAVE_STDINT_H
#include <stdint.h>
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_INTTYPES_H
#include <inttypes.h>
#endif

/*
** The following macros are used to cast pointers to integers and
** integers to pointers.  The way you do this varies from one compiler
** to the next, so we have developed the following set of #if statements
** to generate appropriate macros for a wide range of compilers.
**
** The correct "ANSI" way to do this is to use the intptr_t type. 
** Unfortunately, that typedef is not available on all compilers, or
** if it is available, it requires an #include of specific headers
** that vary from one machine to the next.
**
** Ticket #3860:  The llvm-gcc-4.2 compiler from Apple chokes on
** the ((void*)&((char*)0)[X]) construct.  But MSVC chokes on ((void*)(X)).
** So we have to define the macros in different ways depending on the
** compiler.
*/
#if defined(__PTRDIFF_TYPE__)  /* This case should work for GCC */
# define SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(X)  ((void*)(__PTRDIFF_TYPE__)(X))
# define SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(X)  ((int)(__PTRDIFF_TYPE__)(X))
#elif !defined(__GNUC__)       /* Works for compilers other than LLVM */
# define SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(X)  ((void*)&((char*)0)[X])
# define SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(X)  ((int)(((char*)X)-(char*)0))
#elif defined(HAVE_STDINT_H)   /* Use this case if we have ANSI headers */
# define SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(X)  ((void*)(intptr_t)(X))
# define SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(X)  ((int)(intptr_t)(X))
#else                          /* Generates a warning - but it always works */
# define SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(X)  ((void*)(X))
# define SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(X)  ((int)(X))
#endif

/*
** The SQLITE_THREADSAFE macro must be defined as 0, 1, or 2.
** 0 means mutexes are permanently disable and the library is never
** threadsafe.  1 means the library is serialized which is the highest
** level of threadsafety.  2 means the library is multithreaded - multiple
** threads can use SQLite as long as no two threads try to use the same
** database connection at the same time.
**
** Older versions of SQLite used an optional THREADSAFE macro.
** We support that for legacy.
*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_THREADSAFE)
# if defined(THREADSAFE)
#   define SQLITE_THREADSAFE THREADSAFE
# else
#   define SQLITE_THREADSAFE 1 /* IMP: R-07272-22309 */
# endif
#endif

/*
** Powersafe overwrite is on by default.  But can be turned off using
** the -DSQLITE_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE=0 command-line option.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE
# define SQLITE_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE 1
#endif

/*
** The SQLITE_DEFAULT_MEMSTATUS macro must be defined as either 0 or 1.
** It determines whether or not the features related to 
** SQLITE_CONFIG_MEMSTATUS are available by default or not. This value can
** be overridden at runtime using the sqlite3_config() API.
*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_DEFAULT_MEMSTATUS)
# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_MEMSTATUS 1
#endif

/*
** Exactly one of the following macros must be defined in order to
** specify which memory allocation subsystem to use.
**
**     SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC          // Use normal system malloc()
**     SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC           // Use Win32 native heap API
**     SQLITE_ZERO_MALLOC            // Use a stub allocator that always fails
**     SQLITE_MEMDEBUG               // Debugging version of system malloc()
**
** On Windows, if the SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC_VALIDATE macro is defined and the
** assert() macro is enabled, each call into the Win32 native heap subsystem
** will cause HeapValidate to be called.  If heap validation should fail, an
** assertion will be triggered.
**
** If none of the above are defined, then set SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC as
** the default.
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC) \
  + defined(SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC) \
  + defined(SQLITE_ZERO_MALLOC) \
  + defined(SQLITE_MEMDEBUG)>1
# error "Two or more of the following compile-time configuration options\
 are defined but at most one is allowed:\
 SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC, SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC, SQLITE_MEMDEBUG,\
 SQLITE_ZERO_MALLOC"
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC) \
  + defined(SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC) \
  + defined(SQLITE_ZERO_MALLOC) \
  + defined(SQLITE_MEMDEBUG)==0
# define SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC 1
#endif

/*
** If SQLITE_MALLOC_SOFT_LIMIT is not zero, then try to keep the
** sizes of memory allocations below this value where possible.
*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_MALLOC_SOFT_LIMIT)
# define SQLITE_MALLOC_SOFT_LIMIT 1024
#endif

/*
** We need to define _XOPEN_SOURCE as follows in order to enable
** recursive mutexes on most Unix systems and fchmod() on OpenBSD.
** But _XOPEN_SOURCE define causes problems for Mac OS X, so omit
** it.
*/
#if !defined(_XOPEN_SOURCE) && !defined(__DARWIN__) && !defined(__APPLE__)
#  define _XOPEN_SOURCE 600
#endif

/*
** NDEBUG and SQLITE_DEBUG are opposites.  It should always be true that
** defined(NDEBUG)==!defined(SQLITE_DEBUG).  If this is not currently true,
** make it true by defining or undefining NDEBUG.
**
** Setting NDEBUG makes the code smaller and faster by disabling the
** assert() statements in the code.  So we want the default action
** to be for NDEBUG to be set and NDEBUG to be undefined only if SQLITE_DEBUG
** is set.  Thus NDEBUG becomes an opt-in rather than an opt-out
** feature.
*/
#if !defined(NDEBUG) && !defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) 
# define NDEBUG 1
#endif
#if defined(NDEBUG) && defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
# undef NDEBUG
#endif

/*
** The testcase() macro is used to aid in coverage testing.  When 
** doing coverage testing, the condition inside the argument to
** testcase() must be evaluated both true and false in order to
** get full branch coverage.  The testcase() macro is inserted
** to help ensure adequate test coverage in places where simple
** condition/decision coverage is inadequate.  For example, testcase()
** can be used to make sure boundary values are tested.  For
** bitmask tests, testcase() can be used to make sure each bit
** is significant and used at least once.  On switch statements
** where multiple cases go to the same block of code, testcase()
** can insure that all cases are evaluated.
**
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_COVERAGE_TEST
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3Coverage(int);
# define testcase(X)  if( X ){ sqlite3Coverage(__LINE__); }
#else
# define testcase(X)
#endif

/*
** The TESTONLY macro is used to enclose variable declarations or
** other bits of code that are needed to support the arguments
** within testcase() and assert() macros.
*/
#if !defined(NDEBUG) || defined(SQLITE_COVERAGE_TEST)
# define TESTONLY(X)  X
#else
# define TESTONLY(X)
#endif

/*
** Sometimes we need a small amount of code such as a variable initialization
** to setup for a later assert() statement.  We do not want this code to
** appear when assert() is disabled.  The following macro is therefore
** used to contain that setup code.  The "VVA" acronym stands for
** "Verification, Validation, and Accreditation".  In other words, the
** code within VVA_ONLY() will only run during verification processes.
*/
#ifndef NDEBUG
# define VVA_ONLY(X)  X
#else
# define VVA_ONLY(X)
#endif

/*
** The ALWAYS and NEVER macros surround boolean expressions which 
** are intended to always be true or false, respectively.  Such
** expressions could be omitted from the code completely.  But they
** are included in a few cases in order to enhance the resilience
** of SQLite to unexpected behavior - to make the code "self-healing"
** or "ductile" rather than being "brittle" and crashing at the first
** hint of unplanned behavior.
**
** In other words, ALWAYS and NEVER are added for defensive code.
**
** When doing coverage testing ALWAYS and NEVER are hard-coded to
** be true and false so that the unreachable code they specify will
** not be counted as untested code.
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_COVERAGE_TEST)
# define ALWAYS(X)      (1)
# define NEVER(X)       (0)
#elif !defined(NDEBUG)
# define ALWAYS(X)      ((X)?1:(assert(0),0))
# define NEVER(X)       ((X)?(assert(0),1):0)
#else
# define ALWAYS(X)      (X)
# define NEVER(X)       (X)
#endif

/*
** Return true (non-zero) if the input is a integer that is too large
** to fit in 32-bits.  This macro is used inside of various testcase()
** macros to verify that we have tested SQLite for large-file support.
*/
#define IS_BIG_INT(X)  (((X)&~(i64)0xffffffff)!=0)

/*
** The macro unlikely() is a hint that surrounds a boolean
** expression that is usually false.  Macro likely() surrounds
** a boolean expression that is usually true.  These hints could,
** in theory, be used by the compiler to generate better code, but
** currently they are just comments for human readers.
*/
#define likely(X)    (X)
#define unlikely(X)  (X)

/************** Include hash.h in the middle of sqliteInt.h ******************/
/************** Begin file hash.h ********************************************/
/*
** 2001 September 22
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
................................................................................
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_64BIT_STATS
 typedef u64 tRowcnt;    /* 64-bit only if requested at compile-time */
#else
 typedef u32 tRowcnt;    /* 32-bit is the default */
#endif

/*
** Estimated quantities used for query planning are stored as 16-bit
** logarithms.  For quantity X, the value stored is 10*log2(X).  This
** gives a possible range of values of approximately 1.0e986 to 1e-986.
** But the allowed values are "grainy".  Not every value is representable.
** For example, quantities 16 and 17 are both represented by a LogEst
** of 40.  However, since LogEst quantatites are suppose to be estimates,
** not exact values, this imprecision is not a problem.
**
** "LogEst" is short for "Logarithimic Estimate".
**
** Examples:
**      1 -> 0              20 -> 43          10000 -> 132
**      2 -> 10             25 -> 46          25000 -> 146
**      3 -> 16            100 -> 66        1000000 -> 199
**      4 -> 20           1000 -> 99        1048576 -> 200
**     10 -> 33           1024 -> 100    4294967296 -> 320
**
** The LogEst can be negative to indicate fractional values. 
** Examples:
**
**    0.5 -> -10           0.1 -> -33        0.0625 -> -40
*/
typedef INT16_TYPE LogEst;

/*
** Macros to determine whether the machine is big or little endian,
** evaluated at runtime.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_AMALGAMATION
SQLITE_PRIVATE const int sqlite3one = 1;
#else
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_DistinctOpt    0x0020   /* DISTINCT using indexes */
#define SQLITE_CoverIdxScan   0x0040   /* Covering index scans */
#define SQLITE_OrderByIdxJoin 0x0080   /* ORDER BY of joins via index */
#define SQLITE_SubqCoroutine  0x0100   /* Evaluate subqueries as coroutines */
#define SQLITE_Transitive     0x0200   /* Transitive constraints */
#define SQLITE_OmitNoopJoin   0x0400   /* Omit unused tables in joins */
#define SQLITE_Stat3          0x0800   /* Use the SQLITE_STAT3 table */
#define SQLITE_AdjustOutEst   0x1000   /* Adjust output estimates using WHERE */
#define SQLITE_AllOpts        0xffff   /* All optimizations */

/*
** Macros for testing whether or not optimizations are enabled or disabled.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST
#define OptimizationDisabled(db, mask)  (((db)->dbOptFlags&(mask))!=0)
................................................................................
  char *zName;     /* Name of this column */
  Expr *pDflt;     /* Default value of this column */
  char *zDflt;     /* Original text of the default value */
  char *zType;     /* Data type for this column */
  char *zColl;     /* Collating sequence.  If NULL, use the default */
  u8 notNull;      /* An OE_ code for handling a NOT NULL constraint */
  char affinity;   /* One of the SQLITE_AFF_... values */
  u8 szEst;        /* Estimated size of this column.  INT==1 */
  u8 colFlags;     /* Boolean properties.  See COLFLAG_ defines below */
};

/* Allowed values for Column.colFlags:
*/
#define COLFLAG_PRIMKEY  0x0001    /* Column is part of the primary key */
#define COLFLAG_HIDDEN   0x0002    /* A hidden column in a virtual table */

................................................................................
  ExprList *pCheck;    /* All CHECK constraints */
#endif
  tRowcnt nRowEst;     /* Estimated rows in table - from sqlite_stat1 table */
  int tnum;            /* Root BTree node for this table (see note above) */
  i16 iPKey;           /* If not negative, use aCol[iPKey] as the primary key */
  i16 nCol;            /* Number of columns in this table */
  u16 nRef;            /* Number of pointers to this Table */
  LogEst szTabRow;     /* Estimated size of each table row in bytes */
  u8 tabFlags;         /* Mask of TF_* values */
  u8 keyConf;          /* What to do in case of uniqueness conflict on iPKey */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_ALTERTABLE
  int addColOffset;    /* Offset in CREATE TABLE stmt to add a new column */
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  int nModuleArg;      /* Number of arguments to the module */
................................................................................
#define OE_Replace  5   /* Delete existing record, then do INSERT or UPDATE */

#define OE_Restrict 6   /* OE_Abort for IMMEDIATE, OE_Rollback for DEFERRED */
#define OE_SetNull  7   /* Set the foreign key value to NULL */
#define OE_SetDflt  8   /* Set the foreign key value to its default */
#define OE_Cascade  9   /* Cascade the changes */

#define OE_Default  10  /* Do whatever the default action is */


/*
** An instance of the following structure is passed as the first
** argument to sqlite3VdbeKeyCompare and is used to control the 
** comparison of the two index keys.
**
................................................................................
  char *zColAff;           /* String defining the affinity of each column */
  Index *pNext;            /* The next index associated with the same table */
  Schema *pSchema;         /* Schema containing this index */
  u8 *aSortOrder;          /* for each column: True==DESC, False==ASC */
  char **azColl;           /* Array of collation sequence names for index */
  Expr *pPartIdxWhere;     /* WHERE clause for partial indices */
  int tnum;                /* DB Page containing root of this index */
  LogEst szIdxRow;         /* Estimated average row size in bytes */
  u16 nColumn;             /* Number of columns in table used by this index */
  u8 onError;              /* OE_Abort, OE_Ignore, OE_Replace, or OE_None */
  unsigned autoIndex:2;    /* 1==UNIQUE, 2==PRIMARY KEY, 0==CREATE INDEX */
  unsigned bUnordered:1;   /* Use this index for == or IN queries only */
  unsigned uniqNotNull:1;  /* True if UNIQUE and NOT NULL for all columns */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  int nSample;             /* Number of elements in aSample[] */
................................................................................
** are contained within the same memory allocation.  Note, however, that
** the subtrees in Expr.x.pList or Expr.x.pSelect are always separately
** allocated, regardless of whether or not EP_Reduced is set.
*/
struct Expr {
  u8 op;                 /* Operation performed by this node */
  char affinity;         /* The affinity of the column or 0 if not a column */
  u32 flags;             /* Various flags.  EP_* See below */
  union {
    char *zToken;          /* Token value. Zero terminated and dequoted */
    int iValue;            /* Non-negative integer value if EP_IntValue */
  } u;

  /* If the EP_TokenOnly flag is set in the Expr.flags mask, then no
  ** space is allocated for the fields below this point. An attempt to
  ** access them will result in a segfault or malfunction. 
  *********************************************************************/

  Expr *pLeft;           /* Left subnode */
  Expr *pRight;          /* Right subnode */
  union {
    ExprList *pList;     /* op = IN, EXISTS, SELECT, CASE, FUNCTION, BETWEEN */
    Select *pSelect;     /* EP_xIsSelect and op = IN, EXISTS, SELECT */
  } x;

  /* If the EP_Reduced flag is set in the Expr.flags mask, then no
  ** space is allocated for the fields below this point. An attempt to
  ** access them will result in a segfault or malfunction.
  *********************************************************************/

#if SQLITE_MAX_EXPR_DEPTH>0
  int nHeight;           /* Height of the tree headed by this node */
#endif
  int iTable;            /* TK_COLUMN: cursor number of table holding column
                         ** TK_REGISTER: register number
                         ** TK_TRIGGER: 1 -> new, 0 -> old
                         ** EP_Unlikely:  1000 times likelihood */
  ynVar iColumn;         /* TK_COLUMN: column index.  -1 for rowid.
                         ** TK_VARIABLE: variable number (always >= 1). */
  i16 iAgg;              /* Which entry in pAggInfo->aCol[] or ->aFunc[] */
  i16 iRightJoinTable;   /* If EP_FromJoin, the right table of the join */

  u8 op2;                /* TK_REGISTER: original value of Expr.op
                         ** TK_COLUMN: the value of p5 for OP_Column
                         ** TK_AGG_FUNCTION: nesting depth */
  AggInfo *pAggInfo;     /* Used by TK_AGG_COLUMN and TK_AGG_FUNCTION */
  Table *pTab;           /* Table for TK_COLUMN expressions. */
};

/*
** The following are the meanings of bits in the Expr.flags field.
*/
#define EP_FromJoin  0x000001 /* Originated in ON or USING clause of a join */
#define EP_Agg       0x000002 /* Contains one or more aggregate functions */
#define EP_Resolved  0x000004 /* IDs have been resolved to COLUMNs */
#define EP_Error     0x000008 /* Expression contains one or more errors */
#define EP_Distinct  0x000010 /* Aggregate function with DISTINCT keyword */
#define EP_VarSelect 0x000020 /* pSelect is correlated, not constant */
#define EP_DblQuoted 0x000040 /* token.z was originally in "..." */
#define EP_InfixFunc 0x000080 /* True for an infix function: LIKE, GLOB, etc */
#define EP_Collate   0x000100 /* Tree contains a TK_COLLATE opeartor */
#define EP_FixedDest 0x000200 /* Result needed in a specific register */
#define EP_IntValue  0x000400 /* Integer value contained in u.iValue */
#define EP_xIsSelect 0x000800 /* x.pSelect is valid (otherwise x.pList is) */
#define EP_Skip      0x001000 /* COLLATE, AS, or UNLIKELY */
#define EP_Reduced   0x002000 /* Expr struct EXPR_REDUCEDSIZE bytes only */
#define EP_TokenOnly 0x004000 /* Expr struct EXPR_TOKENONLYSIZE bytes only */
#define EP_Static    0x008000 /* Held in memory not obtained from malloc() */
#define EP_MemToken  0x010000 /* Need to sqlite3DbFree() Expr.zToken */
#define EP_NoReduce  0x020000 /* Cannot EXPRDUP_REDUCE this Expr */
#define EP_Unlikely  0x040000 /* unlikely() or likelihood() function */

/*
** These macros can be used to test, set, or clear bits in the 
** Expr.flags field.
*/
#define ExprHasProperty(E,P)     (((E)->flags&(P))!=0)
#define ExprHasAllProperty(E,P)  (((E)->flags&(P))==(P))
#define ExprSetProperty(E,P)     (E)->flags|=(P)
#define ExprClearProperty(E,P)   (E)->flags&=~(P)

/* The ExprSetVVAProperty() macro is used for Verification, Validation,
** and Accreditation only.  It works like ExprSetProperty() during VVA
** processes but is a no-op for delivery.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
# define ExprSetVVAProperty(E,P)  (E)->flags|=(P)
#else
# define ExprSetVVAProperty(E,P)
#endif






/*
** Macros to determine the number of bytes required by a normal Expr 
** struct, an Expr struct with the EP_Reduced flag set in Expr.flags 
** and an Expr struct with the EP_TokenOnly flag set.
*/
#define EXPR_FULLSIZE           sizeof(Expr)           /* Full size */
................................................................................
** routines as they walk the parse tree to make database references
** explicit.  
*/
typedef struct DbFixer DbFixer;
struct DbFixer {
  Parse *pParse;      /* The parsing context.  Error messages written here */
  Schema *pSchema;    /* Fix items to this schema */
  int bVarOnly;       /* Check for variable references only */
  const char *zDb;    /* Make sure all objects are contained in this database */
  const char *zType;  /* Type of the container - used for error messages */
  const Token *pName; /* Name of the container - used for error messages */
};

/*
** An objected used to accumulate the text of a string where we
................................................................................
# define sqlite3AuthRead(a,b,c,d)
# define sqlite3AuthCheck(a,b,c,d,e)    SQLITE_OK
# define sqlite3AuthContextPush(a,b,c)
# define sqlite3AuthContextPop(a)  ((void)(a))
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Attach(Parse*, Expr*, Expr*, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Detach(Parse*, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3FixInit(DbFixer*, Parse*, int, const char*, const Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FixSrcList(DbFixer*, SrcList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FixSelect(DbFixer*, Select*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FixExpr(DbFixer*, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FixExprList(DbFixer*, ExprList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FixTriggerStep(DbFixer*, TriggerStep*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3AtoF(const char *z, double*, int, u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3GetInt32(const char *, int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Atoi(const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Utf16ByteLen(const void *pData, int nChar);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Utf8CharLen(const char *pData, int nByte);
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3Utf8Read(const u8**);
SQLITE_PRIVATE LogEst sqlite3LogEst(u64);
SQLITE_PRIVATE LogEst sqlite3LogEstAdd(LogEst,LogEst);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
SQLITE_PRIVATE LogEst sqlite3LogEstFromDouble(double);
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE u64 sqlite3LogEstToInt(LogEst);

/*
** Routines to read and write variable-length integers.  These used to
** be defined locally, but now we use the varint routines in the util.c
** file.  Code should use the MACRO forms below, as the Varint32 versions
** are coded to assume the single byte case is already handled (which 
** the MACRO form does).
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ResolveSelectNames(Parse*, Select*, NameContext*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ResolveSelfReference(Parse*,Table*,int,Expr*,ExprList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ResolveOrderGroupBy(Parse*, Select*, ExprList*, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ColumnDefault(Vdbe *, Table *, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AlterFinishAddColumn(Parse *, Token *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AlterBeginAddColumn(Parse *, SrcList *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE CollSeq *sqlite3GetCollSeq(Parse*, u8, CollSeq *, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE char sqlite3AffinityType(const char*, u8*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Analyze(Parse*, Token*, Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3InvokeBusyHandler(BusyHandler*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FindDb(sqlite3*, Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FindDbName(sqlite3 *, const char *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3AnalysisLoad(sqlite3*,int iDB);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DeleteIndexSamples(sqlite3*,Index*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DefaultRowEst(Index*);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VtabArgExtend(Parse*, Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VtabCallCreate(sqlite3*, int, const char *, char **);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VtabCallConnect(Parse*, Table*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VtabCallDestroy(sqlite3*, int, const char *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VtabBegin(sqlite3 *, VTable *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE FuncDef *sqlite3VtabOverloadFunction(sqlite3 *,FuncDef*, int nArg, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3InvalidFunction(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**);
SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3_int64 sqlite3StmtCurrentTime(sqlite3_context*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeParameterIndex(Vdbe*, const char*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3TransferBindings(sqlite3_stmt *, sqlite3_stmt *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Reprepare(Vdbe*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprListCheckLength(Parse*, ExprList*, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE CollSeq *sqlite3BinaryCompareCollSeq(Parse *, Expr *, Expr *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3TempInMemory(const sqlite3*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE const char *sqlite3JournalModename(int);
................................................................................
  yDbMask btreeMask;      /* Bitmask of db->aDb[] entries referenced */
  yDbMask lockMask;       /* Subset of btreeMask that requires a lock */
  int iStatement;         /* Statement number (or 0 if has not opened stmt) */
  u32 aCounter[5];        /* Counters used by sqlite3_stmt_status() */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE
  i64 startTime;          /* Time when query started - used for profiling */
#endif
  i64 iCurrentTime;       /* Value of julianday('now') for this statement */
  i64 nFkConstraint;      /* Number of imm. FK constraints this VM */
  i64 nStmtDefCons;       /* Number of def. constraints when stmt started */
  i64 nStmtDefImmCons;    /* Number of def. imm constraints when stmt started */
  char *zSql;             /* Text of the SQL statement that generated this */
  void *pFree;            /* Free this when deleting the vdbe */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  FILE *trace;            /* Write an execution trace here, if not NULL */
................................................................................

/*
** Set the time to the current time reported by the VFS.
**
** Return the number of errors.
*/
static int setDateTimeToCurrent(sqlite3_context *context, DateTime *p){
  p->iJD = sqlite3StmtCurrentTime(context);
  if( p->iJD>0 ){
    p->validJD = 1;
    return 0;
  }else{
    return 1;
  }
}

................................................................................
** The following routine implements the rough equivalent of localtime_r()
** using whatever operating-system specific localtime facility that
** is available.  This routine returns 0 on success and
** non-zero on any kind of error.
**
** If the sqlite3GlobalConfig.bLocaltimeFault variable is true then this
** routine will always fail.
**
** EVIDENCE-OF: R-62172-00036 In this implementation, the standard C
** library function localtime_r() is used to assist in the calculation of
** local time.
*/
static int osLocaltime(time_t *t, struct tm *pTm){
  int rc;
#if (!defined(HAVE_LOCALTIME_R) || !HAVE_LOCALTIME_R) \
      && (!defined(HAVE_LOCALTIME_S) || !HAVE_LOCALTIME_S)
  struct tm *pX;
#if SQLITE_THREADSAFE>0
................................................................................

  /* Initialize the contents of sLocal to avoid a compiler warning. */
  memset(&sLocal, 0, sizeof(sLocal));

  x = *p;
  computeYMD_HMS(&x);
  if( x.Y<1971 || x.Y>=2038 ){
    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-55269-29598 The localtime_r() C function normally only
    ** works for years between 1970 and 2037. For dates outside this range,
    ** SQLite attempts to map the year into an equivalent year within this
    ** range, do the calculation, then map the year back.
    */
    x.Y = 2000;
    x.M = 1;
    x.D = 1;
    x.h = 0;
    x.m = 0;
    x.s = 0.0;
  } else {
................................................................................
  struct tm *pTm;
  struct tm sNow;
  char zBuf[20];

  UNUSED_PARAMETER(argc);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(argv);

  iT = sqlite3StmtCurrentTime(context);
  if( iT<=0 ) return;
  t = iT/1000 - 10000*(sqlite3_int64)21086676;
#ifdef HAVE_GMTIME_R
  pTm = gmtime_r(&t, &sNow);
#else
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER));
  pTm = gmtime(&t);
  if( pTm ) memcpy(&sNow, pTm, sizeof(sNow));
................................................................................

/*
** Free memory that might be associated with a particular database
** connection.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DbFree(sqlite3 *db, void *p){
  assert( db==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(db->mutex) );
  if( p==0 ) return;
  if( db ){
    if( db->pnBytesFreed ){
      *db->pnBytesFreed += sqlite3DbMallocSize(db, p);
      return;
    }
    if( isLookaside(db, p) ){
      LookasideSlot *pBuf = (LookasideSlot*)p;
................................................................................
  switch( quote ){
    case '\'':  break;
    case '"':   break;
    case '`':   break;                /* For MySQL compatibility */
    case '[':   quote = ']';  break;  /* For MS SqlServer compatibility */
    default:    return -1;
  }
  for(i=1, j=0;; i++){
    assert( z[i] );
    if( z[i]==quote ){
      if( z[i+1]==quote ){
        z[j++] = quote;
        i++;
      }else{
        break;
      }
................................................................................
    int i, sz;
    sz = sqlite3Strlen30(z);
    for(i=sz-1; i>0 && z[i]!='/' && z[i]!='.'; i--){}
    if( z[i]=='.' && ALWAYS(sz>i+4) ) memmove(&z[i+1], &z[sz-3], 4);
  }
}
#endif

/* 
** Find (an approximate) sum of two LogEst values.  This computation is
** not a simple "+" operator because LogEst is stored as a logarithmic
** value.
** 
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE LogEst sqlite3LogEstAdd(LogEst a, LogEst b){
  static const unsigned char x[] = {
     10, 10,                         /* 0,1 */
      9, 9,                          /* 2,3 */
      8, 8,                          /* 4,5 */
      7, 7, 7,                       /* 6,7,8 */
      6, 6, 6,                       /* 9,10,11 */
      5, 5, 5,                       /* 12-14 */
      4, 4, 4, 4,                    /* 15-18 */
      3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3,              /* 19-24 */
      2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2,           /* 25-31 */
  };
  if( a>=b ){
    if( a>b+49 ) return a;
    if( a>b+31 ) return a+1;
    return a+x[a-b];
  }else{
    if( b>a+49 ) return b;
    if( b>a+31 ) return b+1;
    return b+x[b-a];
  }
}

/*
** Convert an integer into a LogEst.  In other words, compute a
** good approximatation for 10*log2(x).
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE LogEst sqlite3LogEst(u64 x){
  static LogEst a[] = { 0, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 };
  LogEst y = 40;
  if( x<8 ){
    if( x<2 ) return 0;
    while( x<8 ){  y -= 10; x <<= 1; }
  }else{
    while( x>255 ){ y += 40; x >>= 4; }
    while( x>15 ){  y += 10; x >>= 1; }
  }
  return a[x&7] + y - 10;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
/*
** Convert a double into a LogEst
** In other words, compute an approximation for 10*log2(x).
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE LogEst sqlite3LogEstFromDouble(double x){
  u64 a;
  LogEst e;
  assert( sizeof(x)==8 && sizeof(a)==8 );
  if( x<=1 ) return 0;
  if( x<=2000000000 ) return sqlite3LogEst((u64)x);
  memcpy(&a, &x, 8);
  e = (a>>52) - 1022;
  return e*10;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

/*
** Convert a LogEst into an integer.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE u64 sqlite3LogEstToInt(LogEst x){
  u64 n;
  if( x<10 ) return 1;
  n = x%10;
  x /= 10;
  if( n>=5 ) n -= 2;
  else if( n>=1 ) n -= 1;
  if( x>=3 ) return (n+8)<<(x-3);
  return (n+8)>>(3-x);
}

/************** End of util.c ************************************************/
/************** Begin file hash.c ********************************************/
/*
** 2001 September 22
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
................................................................................
  { "GetVersionExA",           (SYSCALL)GetVersionExA,           0 },
#else
  { "GetVersionExA",           (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osGetVersionExA ((BOOL(WINAPI*)( \
        LPOSVERSIONINFOA))aSyscall[34].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT && defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_WIDE)
  { "GetVersionExW",           (SYSCALL)GetVersionExW,           0 },
#else
  { "GetVersionExW",           (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osGetVersionExW ((BOOL(WINAPI*)( \
        LPOSVERSIONINFOW))aSyscall[35].pCurrent)

  { "HeapAlloc",               (SYSCALL)HeapAlloc,               0 },

#define osHeapAlloc ((LPVOID(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD, \
        SIZE_T))aSyscall[36].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "HeapCreate",              (SYSCALL)HeapCreate,              0 },
#else
  { "HeapCreate",              (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osHeapCreate ((HANDLE(WINAPI*)(DWORD,SIZE_T, \
        SIZE_T))aSyscall[37].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "HeapDestroy",             (SYSCALL)HeapDestroy,             0 },
#else
  { "HeapDestroy",             (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osHeapDestroy ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE))aSyscall[38].pCurrent)

  { "HeapFree",                (SYSCALL)HeapFree,                0 },

#define osHeapFree ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD,LPVOID))aSyscall[39].pCurrent)

  { "HeapReAlloc",             (SYSCALL)HeapReAlloc,             0 },

#define osHeapReAlloc ((LPVOID(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD,LPVOID, \
        SIZE_T))aSyscall[40].pCurrent)

  { "HeapSize",                (SYSCALL)HeapSize,                0 },

#define osHeapSize ((SIZE_T(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD, \
        LPCVOID))aSyscall[41].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "HeapValidate",            (SYSCALL)HeapValidate,            0 },
#else
  { "HeapValidate",            (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osHeapValidate ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD, \
        LPCVOID))aSyscall[42].pCurrent)

#if defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION)
  { "LoadLibraryA",            (SYSCALL)LoadLibraryA,            0 },
#else
  { "LoadLibraryA",            (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osLoadLibraryA ((HMODULE(WINAPI*)(LPCSTR))aSyscall[43].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT && defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_WIDE) && \
        !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION)
  { "LoadLibraryW",            (SYSCALL)LoadLibraryW,            0 },
#else
  { "LoadLibraryW",            (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osLoadLibraryW ((HMODULE(WINAPI*)(LPCWSTR))aSyscall[44].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "LocalFree",               (SYSCALL)LocalFree,               0 },
#else
  { "LocalFree",               (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osLocalFree ((HLOCAL(WINAPI*)(HLOCAL))aSyscall[45].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINCE && !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "LockFile",                (SYSCALL)LockFile,                0 },
#else
  { "LockFile",                (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#ifndef osLockFile
#define osLockFile ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD, \
        DWORD))aSyscall[46].pCurrent)
#endif

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  { "LockFileEx",              (SYSCALL)LockFileEx,              0 },
#else
  { "LockFileEx",              (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#ifndef osLockFileEx
#define osLockFileEx ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD, \
        LPOVERLAPPED))aSyscall[47].pCurrent)
#endif

#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE || (!SQLITE_OS_WINRT && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL))
  { "MapViewOfFile",           (SYSCALL)MapViewOfFile,           0 },
#else
  { "MapViewOfFile",           (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osMapViewOfFile ((LPVOID(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD, \
        SIZE_T))aSyscall[48].pCurrent)

  { "MultiByteToWideChar",     (SYSCALL)MultiByteToWideChar,     0 },

#define osMultiByteToWideChar ((int(WINAPI*)(UINT,DWORD,LPCSTR,int,LPWSTR, \
        int))aSyscall[49].pCurrent)

  { "QueryPerformanceCounter", (SYSCALL)QueryPerformanceCounter, 0 },

#define osQueryPerformanceCounter ((BOOL(WINAPI*)( \
        LARGE_INTEGER*))aSyscall[50].pCurrent)

  { "ReadFile",                (SYSCALL)ReadFile,                0 },

#define osReadFile ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,LPVOID,DWORD,LPDWORD, \
        LPOVERLAPPED))aSyscall[51].pCurrent)

  { "SetEndOfFile",            (SYSCALL)SetEndOfFile,            0 },

#define osSetEndOfFile ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE))aSyscall[52].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "SetFilePointer",          (SYSCALL)SetFilePointer,          0 },
#else
  { "SetFilePointer",          (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osSetFilePointer ((DWORD(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,LONG,PLONG, \
        DWORD))aSyscall[53].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "Sleep",                   (SYSCALL)Sleep,                   0 },
#else
  { "Sleep",                   (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osSleep ((VOID(WINAPI*)(DWORD))aSyscall[54].pCurrent)

  { "SystemTimeToFileTime",    (SYSCALL)SystemTimeToFileTime,    0 },

#define osSystemTimeToFileTime ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(CONST SYSTEMTIME*, \
        LPFILETIME))aSyscall[55].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINCE && !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "UnlockFile",              (SYSCALL)UnlockFile,              0 },
#else
  { "UnlockFile",              (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#ifndef osUnlockFile
#define osUnlockFile ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD, \
        DWORD))aSyscall[56].pCurrent)
#endif

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  { "UnlockFileEx",            (SYSCALL)UnlockFileEx,            0 },
#else
  { "UnlockFileEx",            (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osUnlockFileEx ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD, \
        LPOVERLAPPED))aSyscall[57].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL)
  { "UnmapViewOfFile",         (SYSCALL)UnmapViewOfFile,         0 },
#else
  { "UnmapViewOfFile",         (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osUnmapViewOfFile ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(LPCVOID))aSyscall[58].pCurrent)

  { "WideCharToMultiByte",     (SYSCALL)WideCharToMultiByte,     0 },

#define osWideCharToMultiByte ((int(WINAPI*)(UINT,DWORD,LPCWSTR,int,LPSTR,int, \
        LPCSTR,LPBOOL))aSyscall[59].pCurrent)

  { "WriteFile",               (SYSCALL)WriteFile,               0 },

#define osWriteFile ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,LPCVOID,DWORD,LPDWORD, \
        LPOVERLAPPED))aSyscall[60].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "CreateEventExW",          (SYSCALL)CreateEventExW,          0 },
#else
  { "CreateEventExW",          (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osCreateEventExW ((HANDLE(WINAPI*)(LPSECURITY_ATTRIBUTES,LPCWSTR, \
        DWORD,DWORD))aSyscall[61].pCurrent)

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "WaitForSingleObject",     (SYSCALL)WaitForSingleObject,     0 },
#else
  { "WaitForSingleObject",     (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osWaitForSingleObject ((DWORD(WINAPI*)(HANDLE, \
        DWORD))aSyscall[62].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "WaitForSingleObjectEx",   (SYSCALL)WaitForSingleObjectEx,   0 },
#else
  { "WaitForSingleObjectEx",   (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osWaitForSingleObjectEx ((DWORD(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,DWORD, \
        BOOL))aSyscall[63].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "SetFilePointerEx",        (SYSCALL)SetFilePointerEx,        0 },
#else
  { "SetFilePointerEx",        (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osSetFilePointerEx ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,LARGE_INTEGER, \
        PLARGE_INTEGER,DWORD))aSyscall[64].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "GetFileInformationByHandleEx", (SYSCALL)GetFileInformationByHandleEx, 0 },
#else
  { "GetFileInformationByHandleEx", (SYSCALL)0,                  0 },
#endif

#define osGetFileInformationByHandleEx ((BOOL(WINAPI*)(HANDLE, \
        FILE_INFO_BY_HANDLE_CLASS,LPVOID,DWORD))aSyscall[65].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL)
  { "MapViewOfFileFromApp",    (SYSCALL)MapViewOfFileFromApp,    0 },
#else
  { "MapViewOfFileFromApp",    (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osMapViewOfFileFromApp ((LPVOID(WINAPI*)(HANDLE,ULONG,ULONG64, \
        SIZE_T))aSyscall[66].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "CreateFile2",             (SYSCALL)CreateFile2,             0 },
#else
  { "CreateFile2",             (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osCreateFile2 ((HANDLE(WINAPI*)(LPCWSTR,DWORD,DWORD,DWORD, \
        LPCREATEFILE2_EXTENDED_PARAMETERS))aSyscall[67].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION)
  { "LoadPackagedLibrary",     (SYSCALL)LoadPackagedLibrary,     0 },
#else
  { "LoadPackagedLibrary",     (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osLoadPackagedLibrary ((HMODULE(WINAPI*)(LPCWSTR, \
        DWORD))aSyscall[68].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "GetTickCount64",          (SYSCALL)GetTickCount64,          0 },
#else
  { "GetTickCount64",          (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osGetTickCount64 ((ULONGLONG(WINAPI*)(VOID))aSyscall[69].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  { "GetNativeSystemInfo",     (SYSCALL)GetNativeSystemInfo,     0 },
#else
  { "GetNativeSystemInfo",     (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osGetNativeSystemInfo ((VOID(WINAPI*)( \
        LPSYSTEM_INFO))aSyscall[70].pCurrent)

#if defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI)
  { "OutputDebugStringA",      (SYSCALL)OutputDebugStringA,      0 },
#else
  { "OutputDebugStringA",      (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osOutputDebugStringA ((VOID(WINAPI*)(LPCSTR))aSyscall[71].pCurrent)

#if defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_WIDE)
  { "OutputDebugStringW",      (SYSCALL)OutputDebugStringW,      0 },
#else
  { "OutputDebugStringW",      (SYSCALL)0,                       0 },
#endif

#define osOutputDebugStringW ((VOID(WINAPI*)(LPCWSTR))aSyscall[72].pCurrent)

  { "GetProcessHeap",          (SYSCALL)GetProcessHeap,          0 },

#define osGetProcessHeap ((HANDLE(WINAPI*)(VOID))aSyscall[73].pCurrent)

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL)
  { "CreateFileMappingFromApp", (SYSCALL)CreateFileMappingFromApp, 0 },
#else
  { "CreateFileMappingFromApp", (SYSCALL)0,                      0 },
#endif

#define osCreateFileMappingFromApp ((HANDLE(WINAPI*)(HANDLE, \
        LPSECURITY_ATTRIBUTES,ULONG,ULONG64,LPCWSTR))aSyscall[74].pCurrent)

}; /* End of the overrideable system calls */

/*
** This is the xSetSystemCall() method of sqlite3_vfs for all of the
** "win32" VFSes.  Return SQLITE_OK opon successfully updating the
** system call pointer, or SQLITE_NOTFOUND if there is no configurable
................................................................................
** Here is an interesting observation:  Win95, Win98, and WinME lack
** the LockFileEx() API.  But we can still statically link against that
** API as long as we don't call it when running Win95/98/ME.  A call to
** this routine is used to determine if the host is Win95/98/ME or
** WinNT/2K/XP so that we will know whether or not we can safely call
** the LockFileEx() API.
*/
#ifndef NTDDI_WIN8
#  define NTDDI_WIN8                        0x06020000
#endif

#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE || SQLITE_OS_WINRT || !defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI)
# define osIsNT()  (1)
#elif !defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_WIDE)
# define osIsNT()  (0)
#else
  static int osIsNT(void){
    if( sqlite3_os_type==0 ){
#if defined(NTDDI_VERSION) && NTDDI_VERSION >= NTDDI_WIN8
      OSVERSIONINFOW sInfo;
      sInfo.dwOSVersionInfoSize = sizeof(sInfo);
      osGetVersionExW(&sInfo);
#else
      OSVERSIONINFOA sInfo;
      sInfo.dwOSVersionInfoSize = sizeof(sInfo);
      osGetVersionExA(&sInfo);
#endif
      sqlite3_os_type = sInfo.dwPlatformId==VER_PLATFORM_WIN32_NT ? 2 : 1;
    }
    return sqlite3_os_type==2;
  }
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC
................................................................................
    winGetSystemCall,    /* xGetSystemCall */
    winNextSystemCall,   /* xNextSystemCall */
  };
#endif

  /* Double-check that the aSyscall[] array has been constructed
  ** correctly.  See ticket [bb3a86e890c8e96ab] */
  assert( ArraySize(aSyscall)==75 );

  /* get memory map allocation granularity */
  memset(&winSysInfo, 0, sizeof(SYSTEM_INFO));
#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  osGetNativeSystemInfo(&winSysInfo);
#else
  osGetSystemInfo(&winSysInfo);
................................................................................
**
** The first page is always a btree page.  The first 100 bytes of the first
** page contain a special header (the "file header") that describes the file.
** The format of the file header is as follows:
**
**   OFFSET   SIZE    DESCRIPTION
**      0      16     Header string: "SQLite format 3\000"
**     16       2     Page size in bytes.  (1 means 65536)
**     18       1     File format write version
**     19       1     File format read version
**     20       1     Bytes of unused space at the end of each page
**     21       1     Max embedded payload fraction (must be 64)
**     22       1     Min embedded payload fraction (must be 32)
**     23       1     Min leaf payload fraction (must be 32)
**     24       4     File change counter
**     28       4     Reserved for future use
**     32       4     First freelist page
**     36       4     Number of freelist pages in the file
**     40      60     15 4-byte meta values passed to higher layers
**
**     40       4     Schema cookie
**     44       4     File format of schema layer
**     48       4     Size of page cache
**     52       4     Largest root-page (auto/incr_vacuum)
**     56       4     1=UTF-8 2=UTF16le 3=UTF16be
**     60       4     User version
**     64       4     Incremental vacuum mode
**     68       4     Application-ID
**     72      20     unused
**     92       4     The version-valid-for number
**     96       4     SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER
**
** All of the integer values are big-endian (most significant byte first).
**
** The file change counter is incremented when the database is changed
** This counter allows other processes to know when the file has changed
** and thus when they need to flush their cache.
**
................................................................................
    pBt->max1bytePayload = 127;
  }else{
    pBt->max1bytePayload = (u8)pBt->maxLocal;
  }
  assert( pBt->maxLeaf + 23 <= MX_CELL_SIZE(pBt) );
  pBt->pPage1 = pPage1;
  pBt->nPage = nPage;

  return SQLITE_OK;

page1_init_failed:
  releasePage(pPage1);
  pBt->pPage1 = 0;
  return rc;
}
................................................................................
  /* If the btree is already in a write-transaction, or it
  ** is already in a read-transaction and a read-transaction
  ** is requested, this is a no-op.
  */
  if( p->inTrans==TRANS_WRITE || (p->inTrans==TRANS_READ && !wrflag) ){
    goto trans_begun;
  }
  assert( pBt->inTransaction==TRANS_WRITE || IfNotOmitAV(pBt->bDoTruncate)==0 );

  /* Write transactions are not possible on a read-only database */
  if( (pBt->btsFlags & BTS_READ_ONLY)!=0 && wrflag ){
    rc = SQLITE_READONLY;
    goto trans_begun;
  }

................................................................................
      if( pRec==0 ) return 0;
      p->ppRec[0] = pRec;
    }
  
    pRec->nField = p->iVal+1;
    return &pRec->aMem[p->iVal];
  }
#else
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(p);
#endif /* defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4) */
  return sqlite3ValueNew(db);
}

/*
** Extract a value from the supplied expression in the manner described
** above sqlite3ValueFromExpr(). Allocate the sqlite3_value object
** using valueNew().
................................................................................
  int iSerial;                    /* Serial type */
  int nSerial;                    /* Bytes of space for iSerial as varint */
  int nVal;                       /* Bytes of space required for argv[0] */
  int nRet;
  sqlite3 *db;
  u8 *aRet;

  UNUSED_PARAMETER( argc );
  iSerial = sqlite3VdbeSerialType(argv[0], file_format);
  nSerial = sqlite3VarintLen(iSerial);
  nVal = sqlite3VdbeSerialTypeLen(iSerial);
  db = sqlite3_context_db_handle(context);

  nRet = 1 + nSerial + nVal;
  aRet = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, nRet);
................................................................................
        );
        sqlite3VdbePrintOp(out, i, &p->aOp[i]);
      }
      fclose(out);
    }
  }
#endif
  p->iCurrentTime = 0;
  p->magic = VDBE_MAGIC_INIT;
  return p->rc & db->errMask;
}
 
/*
** Clean up and delete a VDBE after execution.  Return an integer which is
** the result code.  Write any error message text into *pzErrMsg.
................................................................................
      v->rc = rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
  }
  rc = sqlite3ApiExit(db, rc);
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
  return rc;
}


/*
** Extract the user data from a sqlite3_context structure and return a
** pointer to it.
*/
SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_user_data(sqlite3_context *p){
  assert( p && p->pFunc );
................................................................................
** sqlite3_create_function16() routines that originally registered the
** application defined function.
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3 *sqlite3_context_db_handle(sqlite3_context *p){
  assert( p && p->pFunc );
  return p->s.db;
}

/*
** Return the current time for a statement
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3_int64 sqlite3StmtCurrentTime(sqlite3_context *p){
  Vdbe *v = p->pVdbe;
  int rc;
  if( v->iCurrentTime==0 ){
    rc = sqlite3OsCurrentTimeInt64(p->s.db->pVfs, &v->iCurrentTime);
    if( rc ) v->iCurrentTime = 0;
  }
  return v->iCurrentTime;
}

/*
** The following is the implementation of an SQL function that always
** fails with an error message stating that the function is used in the
** wrong context.  The sqlite3_overload_function() API might construct
** SQL function that use this routine so that the functions will exist
** for name resolution but are actually overloaded by the xFindFunction
................................................................................
    /* This happens if a malloc() inside a call to sqlite3_column_text() or
    ** sqlite3_column_text16() failed.  */
    goto no_mem;
  }
  assert( p->rc==SQLITE_OK || p->rc==SQLITE_BUSY );
  assert( p->bIsReader || p->readOnly!=0 );
  p->rc = SQLITE_OK;
  p->iCurrentTime = 0;
  assert( p->explain==0 );
  p->pResultSet = 0;
  db->busyHandler.nBusy = 0;
  CHECK_FOR_INTERRUPT;
  sqlite3VdbeIOTraceSql(p);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_PROGRESS_CALLBACK
  if( db->xProgress ){
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WalkExpr(Walker *pWalker, Expr *pExpr){
  int rc;
  if( pExpr==0 ) return WRC_Continue;
  testcase( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly) );
  testcase( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_Reduced) );
  rc = pWalker->xExprCallback(pWalker, pExpr);
  if( rc==WRC_Continue
              && !ExprHasProperty(pExpr,EP_TokenOnly) ){
    if( sqlite3WalkExpr(pWalker, pExpr->pLeft) ) return WRC_Abort;
    if( sqlite3WalkExpr(pWalker, pExpr->pRight) ) return WRC_Abort;
    if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
      if( sqlite3WalkSelect(pWalker, pExpr->x.pSelect) ) return WRC_Abort;
    }else{
      if( sqlite3WalkExprList(pWalker, pExpr->x.pList) ) return WRC_Abort;
    }
................................................................................
  db = pParse->db;
  pDup = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pOrig, 0);
  if( pDup==0 ) return;
  if( pOrig->op!=TK_COLUMN && zType[0]!='G' ){
    incrAggFunctionDepth(pDup, nSubquery);
    pDup = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_AS, pDup, 0, 0);
    if( pDup==0 ) return;
    ExprSetProperty(pDup, EP_Skip);
    if( pEList->a[iCol].iAlias==0 ){
      pEList->a[iCol].iAlias = (u16)(++pParse->nAlias);
    }
    pDup->iTable = pEList->a[iCol].iAlias;
  }
  if( pExpr->op==TK_COLLATE ){
    pDup = sqlite3ExprAddCollateString(pParse, pDup, pExpr->u.zToken);
................................................................................
  */
  ExprSetProperty(pExpr, EP_Static);
  sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pExpr);
  memcpy(pExpr, pDup, sizeof(*pExpr));
  if( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) && pExpr->u.zToken!=0 ){
    assert( (pExpr->flags & (EP_Reduced|EP_TokenOnly))==0 );
    pExpr->u.zToken = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pExpr->u.zToken);
    pExpr->flags |= EP_MemToken;
  }
  sqlite3DbFree(db, pDup);
}


/*
** Return TRUE if the name zCol occurs anywhere in the USING clause.
................................................................................
  struct SrcList_item *pMatch = 0;  /* The matching pSrcList item */
  NameContext *pTopNC = pNC;        /* First namecontext in the list */
  Schema *pSchema = 0;              /* Schema of the expression */
  int isTrigger = 0;

  assert( pNC );     /* the name context cannot be NULL. */
  assert( zCol );    /* The Z in X.Y.Z cannot be NULL */
  assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );

  /* Initialize the node to no-match */
  pExpr->iTable = -1;
  pExpr->pTab = 0;
  ExprSetVVAProperty(pExpr, EP_NoReduce);

  /* Translate the schema name in zDb into a pointer to the corresponding
  ** schema.  If not found, pSchema will remain NULL and nothing will match
  ** resulting in an appropriate error message toward the end of this routine
  */
  if( zDb ){
    testcase( pNC->ncFlags & NC_PartIdx );
................................................................................
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse,"%s prohibited in CHECK constraints", zMsg);
  }
}
#else
# define notValidCheckConstraint(P,N,M)
#endif

/*
** Expression p should encode a floating point value between 1.0 and 0.0.
** Return 1024 times this value.  Or return -1 if p is not a floating point
** value between 1.0 and 0.0.
*/
static int exprProbability(Expr *p){
  double r = -1.0;
  if( p->op!=TK_FLOAT ) return -1;
  sqlite3AtoF(p->u.zToken, &r, sqlite3Strlen30(p->u.zToken), SQLITE_UTF8);
  assert( r>=0.0 );
  if( r>1.0 ) return -1;
  return (int)(r*1000.0);
}

/*
** This routine is callback for sqlite3WalkExpr().
**
** Resolve symbolic names into TK_COLUMN operators for the current
** node in the expression tree.  Return 0 to continue the search down
** the tree or 2 to abort the tree walk.
................................................................................
  Parse *pParse;

  pNC = pWalker->u.pNC;
  assert( pNC!=0 );
  pParse = pNC->pParse;
  assert( pParse==pWalker->pParse );

  if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_Resolved) ) return WRC_Prune;
  ExprSetProperty(pExpr, EP_Resolved);
#ifndef NDEBUG
  if( pNC->pSrcList && pNC->pSrcList->nAlloc>0 ){
    SrcList *pSrcList = pNC->pSrcList;
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<pNC->pSrcList->nSrc; i++){
      assert( pSrcList->a[i].iCursor>=0 && pSrcList->a[i].iCursor<pParse->nTab);
................................................................................
        if( pDef==0 ){
          no_such_func = 1;
        }else{
          wrong_num_args = 1;
        }
      }else{
        is_agg = pDef->xFunc==0;
        if( pDef->funcFlags & SQLITE_FUNC_UNLIKELY ){
          ExprSetProperty(pExpr, EP_Unlikely|EP_Skip);
          if( n==2 ){
            pExpr->iTable = exprProbability(pList->a[1].pExpr);
            if( pExpr->iTable<0 ){
              sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "second argument to likelihood() must be a "
                                      "constant between 0.0 and 1.0");
              pNC->nErr++;
            }
          }else{
            /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-61304-29449 The unlikely(X) function is equivalent to
            ** likelihood(X, 0.0625).
            ** EVIDENCE-OF: R-35738-39582 The unlikely(X) fucntion is short-hand for
            ** likelihood(X,0.0625). */
            pExpr->iTable = 62;  /* TUNING:  Default 2nd arg to unlikely() is 0.0625 */
          }             
        }
      }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
      if( pDef ){
        auth = sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_FUNCTION, 0, pDef->zName, 0);
        if( auth!=SQLITE_OK ){
          if( auth==SQLITE_DENY ){
            sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "not authorized to use function: %s",
................................................................................
  if( op==TK_SELECT ){
    assert( pExpr->flags&EP_xIsSelect );
    return sqlite3ExprAffinity(pExpr->x.pSelect->pEList->a[0].pExpr);
  }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
  if( op==TK_CAST ){
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) );
    return sqlite3AffinityType(pExpr->u.zToken, 0);
  }
#endif
  if( (op==TK_AGG_COLUMN || op==TK_COLUMN || op==TK_REGISTER) 
   && pExpr->pTab!=0
  ){
    /* op==TK_REGISTER && pExpr->pTab!=0 happens when pExpr was originally
    ** a TK_COLUMN but was previously evaluated and cached in a register */
................................................................................
** and the pExpr parameter is returned unchanged.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3ExprAddCollateToken(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr, Token *pCollName){
  if( pCollName->n>0 ){
    Expr *pNew = sqlite3ExprAlloc(pParse->db, TK_COLLATE, pCollName, 1);
    if( pNew ){
      pNew->pLeft = pExpr;
      pNew->flags |= EP_Collate|EP_Skip;
      pExpr = pNew;
    }
  }
  return pExpr;
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3ExprAddCollateString(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr, const char *zC){
  Token s;
................................................................................
  assert( zC!=0 );
  s.z = zC;
  s.n = sqlite3Strlen30(s.z);
  return sqlite3ExprAddCollateToken(pParse, pExpr, &s);
}

/*
** Skip over any TK_COLLATE or TK_AS operators and any unlikely()
** or likelihood() function at the root of an expression.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(Expr *pExpr){
  while( pExpr && ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_Skip) ){
    if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_Unlikely) ){
      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );
      assert( pExpr->x.pList->nExpr>0 );
      assert( pExpr->op==TK_FUNCTION );
      pExpr = pExpr->x.pList->a[0].pExpr;
    }else{
      assert( pExpr->op==TK_COLLATE || pExpr->op==TK_AS );
      pExpr = pExpr->pLeft;
    }
  }   
  return pExpr;
}

/*
** Return the collation sequence for the expression pExpr. If
** there is no defined collating sequence, return NULL.
**
................................................................................
** assigned.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprAssignVarNumber(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr){
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  const char *z;

  if( pExpr==0 ) return;
  assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue|EP_Reduced|EP_TokenOnly) );
  z = pExpr->u.zToken;
  assert( z!=0 );
  assert( z[0]!=0 );
  if( z[1]==0 ){
    /* Wildcard of the form "?".  Assign the next variable number */
    assert( z[0]=='?' );
    pExpr->iColumn = (ynVar)(++pParse->nVar);
................................................................................
/*
** Recursively delete an expression tree.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprDelete(sqlite3 *db, Expr *p){
  if( p==0 ) return;
  /* Sanity check: Assert that the IntValue is non-negative if it exists */
  assert( !ExprHasProperty(p, EP_IntValue) || p->u.iValue>=0 );
  if( !ExprHasProperty(p, EP_TokenOnly) ){
    /* The Expr.x union is never used at the same time as Expr.pRight */
    assert( p->x.pList==0 || p->pRight==0 );
    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pLeft);
    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pRight);
    if( ExprHasProperty(p, EP_MemToken) ) sqlite3DbFree(db, p->u.zToken);
    if( ExprHasProperty(p, EP_xIsSelect) ){
      sqlite3SelectDelete(db, p->x.pSelect);
    }else{
      sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, p->x.pList);
    }
  }
  if( !ExprHasProperty(p, EP_Static) ){
................................................................................
** to reduce a pristine expression tree from the parser.  The implementation
** of dupedExprStructSize() contain multiple assert() statements that attempt
** to enforce this constraint.
*/
static int dupedExprStructSize(Expr *p, int flags){
  int nSize;
  assert( flags==EXPRDUP_REDUCE || flags==0 ); /* Only one flag value allowed */
  assert( EXPR_FULLSIZE<=0xfff );
  assert( (0xfff & (EP_Reduced|EP_TokenOnly))==0 );
  if( 0==(flags&EXPRDUP_REDUCE) ){
    nSize = EXPR_FULLSIZE;
  }else{
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(p, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(p, EP_FromJoin) ); 
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(p, EP_MemToken) );
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(p, EP_NoReduce) );
    if( p->pLeft || p->x.pList ){
      nSize = EXPR_REDUCEDSIZE | EP_Reduced;
    }else{
      assert( p->pRight==0 );
      nSize = EXPR_TOKENONLYSIZE | EP_TokenOnly;
    }
  }
  return nSize;
}

/*
................................................................................
      }else{
        int nSize = exprStructSize(p);
        memcpy(zAlloc, p, nSize);
        memset(&zAlloc[nSize], 0, EXPR_FULLSIZE-nSize);
      }

      /* Set the EP_Reduced, EP_TokenOnly, and EP_Static flags appropriately. */
      pNew->flags &= ~(EP_Reduced|EP_TokenOnly|EP_Static|EP_MemToken);
      pNew->flags |= nStructSize & (EP_Reduced|EP_TokenOnly);
      pNew->flags |= staticFlag;

      /* Copy the p->u.zToken string, if any. */
      if( nToken ){
        char *zToken = pNew->u.zToken = (char*)&zAlloc[nNewSize];
        memcpy(zToken, p->u.zToken, nToken);
................................................................................
          pNew->x.pSelect = sqlite3SelectDup(db, p->x.pSelect, isReduced);
        }else{
          pNew->x.pList = sqlite3ExprListDup(db, p->x.pList, isReduced);
        }
      }

      /* Fill in pNew->pLeft and pNew->pRight. */
      if( ExprHasProperty(pNew, EP_Reduced|EP_TokenOnly) ){
        zAlloc += dupedExprNodeSize(p, flags);
        if( ExprHasProperty(pNew, EP_Reduced) ){
          pNew->pLeft = exprDup(db, p->pLeft, EXPRDUP_REDUCE, &zAlloc);
          pNew->pRight = exprDup(db, p->pRight, EXPRDUP_REDUCE, &zAlloc);
        }
        if( pzBuffer ){
          *pzBuffer = zAlloc;
        }
      }else{

        if( !ExprHasProperty(p, EP_TokenOnly) ){
          pNew->pLeft = sqlite3ExprDup(db, p->pLeft, 0);
          pNew->pRight = sqlite3ExprDup(db, p->pRight, 0);
        }
      }

    }
  }
................................................................................
**
*/
static int exprNodeIsConstant(Walker *pWalker, Expr *pExpr){

  /* If pWalker->u.i is 3 then any term of the expression that comes from
  ** the ON or USING clauses of a join disqualifies the expression
  ** from being considered constant. */
  if( pWalker->u.i==3 && ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_FromJoin) ){
    pWalker->u.i = 0;
    return WRC_Abort;
  }

  switch( pExpr->op ){
    /* Consider functions to be constant if all their arguments are constant
    ** and pWalker->u.i==2 */
................................................................................
    eType = IN_INDEX_EPH;
    if( prNotFound ){
      *prNotFound = rMayHaveNull = ++pParse->nMem;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, *prNotFound);
    }else{
      testcase( pParse->nQueryLoop>0 );
      pParse->nQueryLoop = 0;
      if( pX->pLeft->iColumn<0 && !ExprHasProperty(pX, EP_xIsSelect) ){
        eType = IN_INDEX_ROWID;
      }
    }
    sqlite3CodeSubselect(pParse, pX, rMayHaveNull, eType==IN_INDEX_ROWID);
    pParse->nQueryLoop = savedNQueryLoop;
  }else{
    pX->iTable = iTab;
................................................................................
  **    *  The right-hand side is a correlated subquery
  **    *  The right-hand side is an expression list containing variables
  **    *  We are inside a trigger
  **
  ** If all of the above are false, then we can run this code just once
  ** save the results, and reuse the same result on subsequent invocations.
  */
  if( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_VarSelect) ){
    testAddr = sqlite3CodeOnce(pParse);
  }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
  if( pParse->explain==2 ){
    char *zMsg = sqlite3MPrintf(
        pParse->db, "EXECUTE %s%s SUBQUERY %d", testAddr>=0?"":"CORRELATED ",
................................................................................
      pSel->pLimit = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_INTEGER, 0, 0,
                                  &sqlite3IntTokens[1]);
      pSel->iLimit = 0;
      if( sqlite3Select(pParse, pSel, &dest) ){
        return 0;
      }
      rReg = dest.iSDParm;
      ExprSetVVAProperty(pExpr, EP_NoReduce);
      break;
    }
  }

  if( testAddr>=0 ){
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, testAddr);
  }
................................................................................
  for(i=0, p=pParse->aColCache; i<SQLITE_N_COLCACHE; i++, p++){
    int r = p->iReg;
    if( r>=iFrom && r<=iTo ) return 1;    /*NO_TEST*/
  }
  return 0;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_DEBUG || SQLITE_COVERAGE_TEST */

/*
** Convert an expression node to a TK_REGISTER
*/
static void exprToRegister(Expr *p, int iReg){
  p->op2 = p->op;
  p->op = TK_REGISTER;
  p->iTable = iReg;
  ExprClearProperty(p, EP_Skip);
}

/*
** Generate code into the current Vdbe to evaluate the given
** expression.  Attempt to store the results in register "target".
** Return the register where results are stored.
**
** With this routine, there is no guarantee that results will
................................................................................
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
    case TK_CAST: {
      /* Expressions of the form:   CAST(pLeft AS token) */
      int aff, to_op;
      inReg = sqlite3ExprCodeTarget(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, target);
      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) );
      aff = sqlite3AffinityType(pExpr->u.zToken, 0);
      to_op = aff - SQLITE_AFF_TEXT + OP_ToText;
      assert( to_op==OP_ToText    || aff!=SQLITE_AFF_TEXT    );
      assert( to_op==OP_ToBlob    || aff!=SQLITE_AFF_NONE    );
      assert( to_op==OP_ToNumeric || aff!=SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC );
      assert( to_op==OP_ToInt     || aff!=SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER );
      assert( to_op==OP_ToReal    || aff!=SQLITE_AFF_REAL    );
      testcase( to_op==OP_ToText );
................................................................................
      int i;                 /* Loop counter */
      u8 enc = ENC(db);      /* The text encoding used by this database */
      CollSeq *pColl = 0;    /* A collating sequence */

      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );
      testcase( op==TK_CONST_FUNC );
      testcase( op==TK_FUNCTION );
      if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly) ){
        pFarg = 0;
      }else{
        pFarg = pExpr->x.pList;
      }
      nFarg = pFarg ? pFarg->nExpr : 0;
      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) );
      zId = pExpr->u.zToken;
................................................................................
          sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pFarg->a[i].pExpr, target);
          sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse, 1);
        }
        sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, endCoalesce);
        break;
      }

      /* The UNLIKELY() function is a no-op.  The result is the value
      ** of the first argument.
      */
      if( pDef->funcFlags & SQLITE_FUNC_UNLIKELY ){
        assert( nFarg>=1 );
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pFarg->a[0].pExpr, target);
        break;
      }

      if( pFarg ){
        r1 = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nFarg);

        /* For length() and typeof() functions with a column argument,
        ** set the P5 parameter to the OP_Column opcode to OPFLAG_LENGTHARG
        ** or OPFLAG_TYPEOFARG respectively, to avoid unnecessary data
................................................................................
    **   CASE WHEN e1 THEN r1 WHEN e2 THEN r2 ... WHEN eN THEN rN ELSE y END
    **
    ** Form A is can be transformed into the equivalent form B as follows:
    **   CASE WHEN x=e1 THEN r1 WHEN x=e2 THEN r2 ...
    **        WHEN x=eN THEN rN ELSE y END
    **
    ** X (if it exists) is in pExpr->pLeft.
    ** Y is in the last element of pExpr->x.pList if pExpr->x.pList->nExpr is
    ** odd.  The Y is also optional.  If the number of elements in x.pList
    ** is even, then Y is omitted and the "otherwise" result is NULL.
    ** Ei is in pExpr->pList->a[i*2] and Ri is pExpr->pList->a[i*2+1].
    **
    ** The result of the expression is the Ri for the first matching Ei,
    ** or if there is no matching Ei, the ELSE term Y, or if there is
    ** no ELSE term, NULL.
    */
    default: assert( op==TK_CASE ); {
................................................................................
      Expr opCompare;                   /* The X==Ei expression */
      Expr cacheX;                      /* Cached expression X */
      Expr *pX;                         /* The X expression */
      Expr *pTest = 0;                  /* X==Ei (form A) or just Ei (form B) */
      VVA_ONLY( int iCacheLevel = pParse->iCacheLevel; )

      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) && pExpr->x.pList );

      assert(pExpr->x.pList->nExpr > 0);
      pEList = pExpr->x.pList;
      aListelem = pEList->a;
      nExpr = pEList->nExpr;
      endLabel = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      if( (pX = pExpr->pLeft)!=0 ){
        cacheX = *pX;
        testcase( pX->op==TK_COLUMN );
        testcase( pX->op==TK_REGISTER );
        exprToRegister(&cacheX, sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pX, &regFree1));
        testcase( regFree1==0 );

        opCompare.op = TK_EQ;
        opCompare.pLeft = &cacheX;
        pTest = &opCompare;
        /* Ticket b351d95f9cd5ef17e9d9dbae18f5ca8611190001:
        ** The value in regFree1 might get SCopy-ed into the file result.
        ** So make sure that the regFree1 register is not reused for other
        ** purposes and possibly overwritten.  */
        regFree1 = 0;
      }
      for(i=0; i<nExpr-1; i=i+2){
        sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);
        if( pX ){
          assert( pTest!=0 );
          opCompare.pRight = aListelem[i].pExpr;
        }else{
          pTest = aListelem[i].pExpr;
        }
................................................................................
        testcase( aListelem[i+1].pExpr->op==TK_COLUMN );
        testcase( aListelem[i+1].pExpr->op==TK_REGISTER );
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, aListelem[i+1].pExpr, target);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, endLabel);
        sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse, 1);
        sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, nextCase);
      }
      if( (nExpr&1)!=0 ){
        sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pEList->a[nExpr-1].pExpr, target);
        sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse, 1);
      }else{
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, target);
      }
      assert( db->mallocFailed || pParse->nErr>0 
           || pParse->iCacheLevel==iCacheLevel );
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, endLabel);
................................................................................
  ** no way for a TK_REGISTER to exist here.  But it seems prudent to
  ** keep the ALWAYS() in case the conditions above change with future
  ** modifications or enhancements. */
  if( ALWAYS(pExpr->op!=TK_REGISTER) ){  
    int iMem;
    iMem = ++pParse->nMem;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Copy, inReg, iMem);
    exprToRegister(pExpr, iMem);


  }
  return inReg;
}

#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_TREE_EXPLAIN)
/*
** Generate a human-readable explanation of an expression tree.
................................................................................
      sqlite3ExplainExpr(pOut, pExpr->pLeft);
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
    case TK_CAST: {
      /* Expressions of the form:   CAST(pLeft AS token) */
      const char *zAff = "unk";
      switch( sqlite3AffinityType(pExpr->u.zToken, 0) ){
        case SQLITE_AFF_TEXT:    zAff = "TEXT";     break;
        case SQLITE_AFF_NONE:    zAff = "NONE";     break;
        case SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC: zAff = "NUMERIC";  break;
        case SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER: zAff = "INTEGER";  break;
        case SQLITE_AFF_REAL:    zAff = "REAL";     break;
      }
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, "CAST-%s(", zAff);
................................................................................
      break;
    }

    case TK_AGG_FUNCTION:
    case TK_CONST_FUNC:
    case TK_FUNCTION: {
      ExprList *pFarg;       /* List of function arguments */
      if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly) ){
        pFarg = 0;
      }else{
        pFarg = pExpr->x.pList;
      }
      if( op==TK_AGG_FUNCTION ){
        sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, "AGG_FUNCTION%d:%s(",
                             pExpr->op2, pExpr->u.zToken);
................................................................................
  if( isAppropriateForFactoring(pExpr) ){
    int r1 = ++pParse->nMem;
    int r2 = sqlite3ExprCodeTarget(pParse, pExpr, r1);
    /* If r2!=r1, it means that register r1 is never used.  That is harmless
    ** but suboptimal, so we want to know about the situation to fix it.
    ** Hence the following assert: */
    assert( r2==r1 );
    exprToRegister(pExpr, r2);


    return WRC_Prune;
  }
  return WRC_Continue;
}

/*
** Preevaluate constant subexpressions within pExpr and store the
................................................................................
  exprAnd.pRight = &compRight;
  compLeft.op = TK_GE;
  compLeft.pLeft = &exprX;
  compLeft.pRight = pExpr->x.pList->a[0].pExpr;
  compRight.op = TK_LE;
  compRight.pLeft = &exprX;
  compRight.pRight = pExpr->x.pList->a[1].pExpr;
  exprToRegister(&exprX, sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, &exprX, &regFree1));


  if( jumpIfTrue ){
    sqlite3ExprIfTrue(pParse, &exprAnd, dest, jumpIfNull);
  }else{
    sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, &exprAnd, dest, jumpIfNull);
  }
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regFree1);

................................................................................
** just might result in some slightly slower code.  But returning
** an incorrect 0 or 1 could lead to a malfunction.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprCompare(Expr *pA, Expr *pB, int iTab){
  if( pA==0||pB==0 ){
    return pB==pA ? 0 : 2;
  }
  assert( !ExprHasProperty(pA, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );
  assert( !ExprHasProperty(pB, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );
  if( ExprHasProperty(pA, EP_xIsSelect) || ExprHasProperty(pB, EP_xIsSelect) ){
    return 2;
  }
  if( (pA->flags & EP_Distinct)!=(pB->flags & EP_Distinct) ) return 2;
  if( pA->op!=pB->op && (pA->op!=TK_REGISTER || pA->op2!=pB->op) ){
    if( pA->op==TK_COLLATE && sqlite3ExprCompare(pA->pLeft, pB, iTab)<2 ){
      return 1;
................................................................................
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_COLUMN );
      /* Check to see if the column is in one of the tables in the FROM
      ** clause of the aggregate query */
      if( ALWAYS(pSrcList!=0) ){
        struct SrcList_item *pItem = pSrcList->a;
        for(i=0; i<pSrcList->nSrc; i++, pItem++){
          struct AggInfo_col *pCol;
          assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );
          if( pExpr->iTable==pItem->iCursor ){
            /* If we reach this point, it means that pExpr refers to a table
            ** that is in the FROM clause of the aggregate query.  
            **
            ** Make an entry for the column in pAggInfo->aCol[] if there
            ** is not an entry there already.
            */
................................................................................
              }
            }
            /* There is now an entry for pExpr in pAggInfo->aCol[] (either
            ** because it was there before or because we just created it).
            ** Convert the pExpr to be a TK_AGG_COLUMN referring to that
            ** pAggInfo->aCol[] entry.
            */
            ExprSetVVAProperty(pExpr, EP_NoReduce);
            pExpr->pAggInfo = pAggInfo;
            pExpr->op = TK_AGG_COLUMN;
            pExpr->iAgg = (i16)k;
            break;
          } /* endif pExpr->iTable==pItem->iCursor */
        } /* end loop over pSrcList */
      }
................................................................................
            }else{
              pItem->iDistinct = -1;
            }
          }
        }
        /* Make pExpr point to the appropriate pAggInfo->aFunc[] entry
        */
        assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );
        ExprSetVVAProperty(pExpr, EP_NoReduce);
        pExpr->iAgg = (i16)i;
        pExpr->pAggInfo = pAggInfo;
        return WRC_Prune;
      }else{
        return WRC_Continue;
      }
    }
................................................................................
    if( p->nSample<p->mxSample 
     || sampleIsBetter(p, &p->current, &p->a[p->iMin]) 
    ){
      sampleInsert(p, &p->current, 0);
    }
  }
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  UNUSED_PARAMETER( p );
  UNUSED_PARAMETER( iChng );
#endif
}

/*
** Implementation of the stat_push SQL function:  stat_push(P,R,C)
** Arguments:
**
**    P     Pointer to the Stat4Accum object created by stat_init()
................................................................................
){
  int i;

  /* The three function arguments */
  Stat4Accum *p = (Stat4Accum*)sqlite3_value_blob(argv[0]);
  int iChng = sqlite3_value_int(argv[1]);

  UNUSED_PARAMETER( argc );
  UNUSED_PARAMETER( context );
  assert( p->nCol>1 );        /* Includes rowid field */
  assert( iChng<p->nCol );

  if( p->nRow==0 ){
    /* This is the first call to this function. Do initialization. */
    for(i=0; i<p->nCol; i++) p->current.anEq[i] = 1;
  }else{
................................................................................

    char *zRet = sqlite3MallocZero(p->nCol * 25);
    if( zRet==0 ){
      sqlite3_result_error_nomem(context);
      return;
    }

    sqlite3_snprintf(24, zRet, "%llu", (u64)p->nRow);
    z = zRet + sqlite3Strlen30(zRet);
    for(i=0; i<(p->nCol-1); i++){
      u64 nDistinct = p->current.anDLt[i] + 1;
      u64 iVal = (p->nRow + nDistinct - 1) / nDistinct;
      sqlite3_snprintf(24, z, " %llu", iVal);
      z += sqlite3Strlen30(z);
      assert( p->current.anEq[i] );
    }
    assert( z[0]=='\0' && z>zRet );

    sqlite3_result_text(context, zRet, -1, sqlite3_free);
  }
................................................................................
      char *zRet = sqlite3MallocZero(p->nCol * 25);
      if( zRet==0 ){
        sqlite3_result_error_nomem(context);
      }else{
        int i;
        char *z = zRet;
        for(i=0; i<p->nCol; i++){
          sqlite3_snprintf(24, z, "%llu ", (u64)aCnt[i]);
          z += sqlite3Strlen30(z);
        }
        assert( z[0]=='\0' && z>zRet );
        z[-1] = '\0';
        sqlite3_result_text(context, zRet, -1, sqlite3_free);
      }
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4 */
#ifndef SQLITE_DEBUG
  UNUSED_PARAMETER( argc );
#endif
}
static const FuncDef statGetFuncdef = {
  1+IsStat34,      /* nArg */
  SQLITE_UTF8,     /* funcFlags */
  0,               /* pUserData */
  0,               /* pNext */
  statGet,         /* xFunc */
................................................................................
  0                /* pDestructor */
};

static void callStatGet(Vdbe *v, int regStat4, int iParam, int regOut){
  assert( regOut!=regStat4 && regOut!=regStat4+1 );
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, iParam, regStat4+1);
#elif SQLITE_DEBUG
  assert( iParam==STAT_GET_STAT1 );
#else
  UNUSED_PARAMETER( iParam );
#endif
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Function, 0, regStat4, regOut);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char*)&statGetFuncdef, P4_FUNCDEF);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 1 + IsStat34);
}

/*
................................................................................

/*
** The first argument points to a nul-terminated string containing a
** list of space separated integers. Read the first nOut of these into
** the array aOut[].
*/
static void decodeIntArray(
  char *zIntArray,       /* String containing int array to decode */
  int nOut,              /* Number of slots in aOut[] */
  tRowcnt *aOut,         /* Store integers here */
  Index *pIndex          /* Handle extra flags for this index, if not NULL */
){
  char *z = zIntArray;
  int c;
  int i;
  tRowcnt v;



#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  if( z==0 ) z = "";
#else
  if( NEVER(z==0) ) z = "";
#endif
  for(i=0; *z && i<nOut; i++){
    v = 0;
................................................................................
    while( (c=z[0])>='0' && c<='9' ){
      v = v*10 + c - '0';
      z++;
    }
    aOut[i] = v;
    if( *z==' ' ) z++;
  }
#ifndef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  assert( pIndex!=0 );
#else
  if( pIndex )
#endif
  {
    if( strcmp(z, "unordered")==0 ){
      pIndex->bUnordered = 1;
    }else if( sqlite3_strglob("sz=[0-9]*", z)==0 ){
      int v32 = 0;
      sqlite3GetInt32(z+3, &v32);
      pIndex->szIdxRow = sqlite3LogEst(v32);
    }
  }
}

/*
** This callback is invoked once for each index when reading the
** sqlite_stat1 table.  
**
................................................................................
    pIndex = sqlite3FindIndex(pInfo->db, argv[1], pInfo->zDatabase);
  }else{
    pIndex = 0;
  }
  z = argv[2];

  if( pIndex ){

    decodeIntArray((char*)z, pIndex->nColumn+1, pIndex->aiRowEst, pIndex);
    if( pIndex->pPartIdxWhere==0 ) pTable->nRowEst = pIndex->aiRowEst[0];

  }else{
    Index fakeIdx;
    fakeIdx.szIdxRow = pTable->szTabRow;
    decodeIntArray((char*)z, 1, &pTable->nRowEst, &fakeIdx);
    pTable->szTabRow = fakeIdx.szIdxRow;
  }

  return 0;
}

/*
** If the Index.aSample variable is not NULL, delete the aSample[] array
................................................................................
  codeAttach(pParse, SQLITE_ATTACH, &attach_func, p, p, pDbname, pKey);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_ATTACH */

/*
** Initialize a DbFixer structure.  This routine must be called prior
** to passing the structure to one of the sqliteFixAAAA() routines below.



*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3FixInit(
  DbFixer *pFix,      /* The fixer to be initialized */
  Parse *pParse,      /* Error messages will be written here */
  int iDb,            /* This is the database that must be used */
  const char *zType,  /* "view", "trigger", or "index" */
  const Token *pName  /* Name of the view, trigger, or index */
){
  sqlite3 *db;


  db = pParse->db;
  assert( db->nDb>iDb );
  pFix->pParse = pParse;
  pFix->zDb = db->aDb[iDb].zName;
  pFix->pSchema = db->aDb[iDb].pSchema;
  pFix->zType = zType;
  pFix->pName = pName;
  pFix->bVarOnly = (iDb==1);
}

/*
** The following set of routines walk through the parse tree and assign
** a specific database to all table references where the database name
** was left unspecified in the original SQL statement.  The pFix structure
** must have been initialized by a prior call to sqlite3FixInit().
................................................................................
  int i;
  const char *zDb;
  struct SrcList_item *pItem;

  if( NEVER(pList==0) ) return 0;
  zDb = pFix->zDb;
  for(i=0, pItem=pList->a; i<pList->nSrc; i++, pItem++){
    if( pFix->bVarOnly==0 ){
      if( pItem->zDatabase && sqlite3StrICmp(pItem->zDatabase, zDb) ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pFix->pParse,
            "%s %T cannot reference objects in database %s",
            pFix->zType, pFix->pName, pItem->zDatabase);
        return 1;
      }
      sqlite3DbFree(pFix->pParse->db, pItem->zDatabase);
      pItem->zDatabase = 0;
      pItem->pSchema = pFix->pSchema;
    }
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER)
    if( sqlite3FixSelect(pFix, pItem->pSelect) ) return 1;
    if( sqlite3FixExpr(pFix, pItem->pOn) ) return 1;
#endif
  }
  return 0;
}
................................................................................
      return 1;
    }
    if( sqlite3FixSrcList(pFix, pSelect->pSrc) ){
      return 1;
    }
    if( sqlite3FixExpr(pFix, pSelect->pWhere) ){
      return 1;
    }
    if( sqlite3FixExprList(pFix, pSelect->pGroupBy) ){
      return 1;
    }
    if( sqlite3FixExpr(pFix, pSelect->pHaving) ){
      return 1;
    }
    if( sqlite3FixExprList(pFix, pSelect->pOrderBy) ){
      return 1;
    }
    if( sqlite3FixExpr(pFix, pSelect->pLimit) ){
      return 1;
    }
    if( sqlite3FixExpr(pFix, pSelect->pOffset) ){
      return 1;
    }
    pSelect = pSelect->pPrior;
  }
  return 0;
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FixExpr(
  DbFixer *pFix,     /* Context of the fixation */
  Expr *pExpr        /* The expression to be fixed to one database */
){
  while( pExpr ){
    if( pExpr->op==TK_VARIABLE ){
      if( pFix->pParse->db->init.busy ){
        pExpr->op = TK_NULL;
      }else{
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pFix->pParse, "%s cannot use variables", pFix->zType);
        return 1;
      }
    }
    if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly) ) break;
    if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
      if( sqlite3FixSelect(pFix, pExpr->x.pSelect) ) return 1;
    }else{
      if( sqlite3FixExprList(pFix, pExpr->x.pList) ) return 1;
    }
    if( sqlite3FixExpr(pFix, pExpr->pRight) ){
      return 1;
................................................................................
    pParse->nErr++;
    goto begin_table_error;
  }
  pTable->zName = zName;
  pTable->iPKey = -1;
  pTable->pSchema = db->aDb[iDb].pSchema;
  pTable->nRef = 1;
  pTable->nRowEst = 1048576;
  assert( pParse->pNewTable==0 );
  pParse->pNewTable = pTable;

  /* If this is the magic sqlite_sequence table used by autoincrement,
  ** then record a pointer to this table in the main database structure
  ** so that INSERT can find the table easily.
  */
................................................................................
  pCol->zName = z;
 
  /* If there is no type specified, columns have the default affinity
  ** 'NONE'. If there is a type specified, then sqlite3AddColumnType() will
  ** be called next to set pCol->affinity correctly.
  */
  pCol->affinity = SQLITE_AFF_NONE;
  pCol->szEst = 1;
  p->nCol++;
}

/*
** This routine is called by the parser while in the middle of
** parsing a CREATE TABLE statement.  A "NOT NULL" constraint has
** been seen on a column.  This routine sets the notNull flag on
................................................................................
** 'REAL'        | SQLITE_AFF_REAL
** 'FLOA'        | SQLITE_AFF_REAL
** 'DOUB'        | SQLITE_AFF_REAL
**
** If none of the substrings in the above table are found,
** SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC is returned.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE char sqlite3AffinityType(const char *zIn, u8 *pszEst){
  u32 h = 0;
  char aff = SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC;
  const char *zChar = 0;

  if( zIn==0 ) return aff;
  while( zIn[0] ){
    h = (h<<8) + sqlite3UpperToLower[(*zIn)&0xff];
    zIn++;
    if( h==(('c'<<24)+('h'<<16)+('a'<<8)+'r') ){             /* CHAR */
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_TEXT;
      zChar = zIn;
    }else if( h==(('c'<<24)+('l'<<16)+('o'<<8)+'b') ){       /* CLOB */
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_TEXT;
    }else if( h==(('t'<<24)+('e'<<16)+('x'<<8)+'t') ){       /* TEXT */
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_TEXT;
    }else if( h==(('b'<<24)+('l'<<16)+('o'<<8)+'b')          /* BLOB */
        && (aff==SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC || aff==SQLITE_AFF_REAL) ){
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_NONE;
      if( zIn[0]=='(' ) zChar = zIn;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
    }else if( h==(('r'<<24)+('e'<<16)+('a'<<8)+'l')          /* REAL */
        && aff==SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC ){
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_REAL;
    }else if( h==(('f'<<24)+('l'<<16)+('o'<<8)+'a')          /* FLOA */
        && aff==SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC ){
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_REAL;
................................................................................
#endif
    }else if( (h&0x00FFFFFF)==(('i'<<16)+('n'<<8)+'t') ){    /* INT */
      aff = SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER;
      break;
    }
  }

  /* If pszEst is not NULL, store an estimate of the field size.  The
  ** estimate is scaled so that the size of an integer is 1.  */
  if( pszEst ){
    *pszEst = 1;   /* default size is approx 4 bytes */
    if( aff<=SQLITE_AFF_NONE ){
      if( zChar ){
        while( zChar[0] ){
          if( sqlite3Isdigit(zChar[0]) ){
            int v = 0;
            sqlite3GetInt32(zChar, &v);
            v = v/4 + 1;
            if( v>255 ) v = 255;
            *pszEst = v; /* BLOB(k), VARCHAR(k), CHAR(k) -> r=(k/4+1) */
            break;
          }
          zChar++;
        }
      }else{
        *pszEst = 5;   /* BLOB, TEXT, CLOB -> r=5  (approx 20 bytes)*/
      }
    }
  }
  return aff;
}

/*
** This routine is called by the parser while in the middle of
** parsing a CREATE TABLE statement.  The pFirst token is the first
** token in the sequence of tokens that describe the type of the
................................................................................
  Column *pCol;

  p = pParse->pNewTable;
  if( p==0 || NEVER(p->nCol<1) ) return;
  pCol = &p->aCol[p->nCol-1];
  assert( pCol->zType==0 );
  pCol->zType = sqlite3NameFromToken(pParse->db, pType);
  pCol->affinity = sqlite3AffinityType(pCol->zType, &pCol->szEst);
}

/*
** The expression is the default value for the most recently added column
** of the table currently under construction.
**
** Default value expressions must be constant.  Raise an exception if this
................................................................................
    testcase( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC );
    testcase( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER );
    testcase( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_REAL );
    
    zType = azType[pCol->affinity - SQLITE_AFF_TEXT];
    len = sqlite3Strlen30(zType);
    assert( pCol->affinity==SQLITE_AFF_NONE 
            || pCol->affinity==sqlite3AffinityType(zType, 0) );
    memcpy(&zStmt[k], zType, len);
    k += len;
    assert( k<=n );
  }
  sqlite3_snprintf(n-k, &zStmt[k], "%s", zEnd);
  return zStmt;
}

/*
** Estimate the total row width for a table.
*/
static void estimateTableWidth(Table *pTab){
  unsigned wTable = 0;
  const Column *pTabCol;
  int i;
  for(i=pTab->nCol, pTabCol=pTab->aCol; i>0; i--, pTabCol++){
    wTable += pTabCol->szEst;
  }
  if( pTab->iPKey<0 ) wTable++;
  pTab->szTabRow = sqlite3LogEst(wTable*4);
}

/*
** Estimate the average size of a row for an index.
*/
static void estimateIndexWidth(Index *pIdx){
  unsigned wIndex = 1;
  int i;
  const Column *aCol = pIdx->pTable->aCol;
  for(i=0; i<pIdx->nColumn; i++){
    assert( pIdx->aiColumn[i]>=0 && pIdx->aiColumn[i]<pIdx->pTable->nCol );
    wIndex += aCol[pIdx->aiColumn[i]].szEst;
  }
  pIdx->szIdxRow = sqlite3LogEst(wIndex*4);
}

/*
** This routine is called to report the final ")" that terminates
** a CREATE TABLE statement.
**
** The table structure that other action routines have been building
** is added to the internal hash tables, assuming no errors have
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3EndTable(
  Parse *pParse,          /* Parse context */
  Token *pCons,           /* The ',' token after the last column defn. */
  Token *pEnd,            /* The final ')' token in the CREATE TABLE */
  Select *pSelect         /* Select from a "CREATE ... AS SELECT" */
){
  Table *p;                 /* The new table */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db; /* The database connection */
  int iDb;                  /* Database in which the table lives */
  Index *pIdx;              /* An implied index of the table */

  if( (pEnd==0 && pSelect==0) || db->mallocFailed ){
    return;
  }
  p = pParse->pNewTable;
  if( p==0 ) return;

................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK
  /* Resolve names in all CHECK constraint expressions.
  */
  if( p->pCheck ){
    sqlite3ResolveSelfReference(pParse, p, NC_IsCheck, 0, p->pCheck);
  }
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK) */

  /* Estimate the average row size for the table and for all implied indices */
  estimateTableWidth(p);
  for(pIdx=p->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
    estimateIndexWidth(pIdx);
  }

  /* If the db->init.busy is 1 it means we are reading the SQL off the
  ** "sqlite_master" or "sqlite_temp_master" table on the disk.
  ** So do not write to the disk again.  Extract the root page number
  ** for the table from the db->init.newTnum field.  (The page number
  ** should have been put there by the sqliteOpenCb routine.)
  */
................................................................................
  p = pParse->pNewTable;
  if( p==0 || pParse->nErr ){
    sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pSelect);
    return;
  }
  sqlite3TwoPartName(pParse, pName1, pName2, &pName);
  iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, p->pSchema);
  sqlite3FixInit(&sFix, pParse, iDb, "view", pName);
  if( sqlite3FixSelect(&sFix, pSelect) ){

    sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pSelect);
    return;
  }

  /* Make a copy of the entire SELECT statement that defines the view.
  ** This will force all the Expr.token.z values to be dynamically
  ** allocated rather than point to the input string - which means that
................................................................................
  DbFixer sFix;        /* For assigning database names to pTable */
  int sortOrderMask;   /* 1 to honor DESC in index.  0 to ignore. */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  Db *pDb;             /* The specific table containing the indexed database */
  int iDb;             /* Index of the database that is being written */
  Token *pName = 0;    /* Unqualified name of the index to create */
  struct ExprList_item *pListItem; /* For looping over pList */
  const Column *pTabCol;           /* A column in the table */
  int nCol;                        /* Number of columns */
  int nExtra = 0;                  /* Space allocated for zExtra[] */

  char *zExtra;                    /* Extra space after the Index object */

  assert( pParse->nErr==0 );      /* Never called with prior errors */
  if( db->mallocFailed || IN_DECLARE_VTAB ){
    goto exit_create_index;
  }
  if( SQLITE_OK!=sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ){
    goto exit_create_index;
................................................................................
      pTab = sqlite3SrcListLookup(pParse, pTblName);
      if( pName2->n==0 && pTab && pTab->pSchema==db->aDb[1].pSchema ){
        iDb = 1;
      }
    }
#endif

    sqlite3FixInit(&sFix, pParse, iDb, "index", pName);
    if( sqlite3FixSrcList(&sFix, pTblName) ){

      /* Because the parser constructs pTblName from a single identifier,
      ** sqlite3FixSrcList can never fail. */
      assert(0);
    }
    pTab = sqlite3LocateTableItem(pParse, 0, &pTblName->a[0]);
    assert( db->mallocFailed==0 || pTab==0 );
    if( pTab==0 ) goto exit_create_index;
................................................................................
  ** more than once within the same index.  Only the first instance of
  ** the column will ever be used by the optimizer.  Note that using the
  ** same column more than once cannot be an error because that would 
  ** break backwards compatibility - it needs to be a warning.
  */
  for(i=0, pListItem=pList->a; i<pList->nExpr; i++, pListItem++){
    const char *zColName = pListItem->zName;

    int requestedSortOrder;
    char *zColl;                   /* Collation sequence name */

    for(j=0, pTabCol=pTab->aCol; j<pTab->nCol; j++, pTabCol++){
      if( sqlite3StrICmp(zColName, pTabCol->zName)==0 ) break;
    }
    if( j>=pTab->nCol ){
................................................................................
    }
    pIndex->azColl[i] = zColl;
    requestedSortOrder = pListItem->sortOrder & sortOrderMask;
    pIndex->aSortOrder[i] = (u8)requestedSortOrder;
    if( pTab->aCol[j].notNull==0 ) pIndex->uniqNotNull = 0;
  }
  sqlite3DefaultRowEst(pIndex);
  if( pParse->pNewTable==0 ) estimateIndexWidth(pIndex);

  if( pTab==pParse->pNewTable ){
    /* This routine has been called to create an automatic index as a
    ** result of a PRIMARY KEY or UNIQUE clause on a column definition, or
    ** a PRIMARY KEY or UNIQUE clause following the column definitions.
    ** i.e. one of:
    **
................................................................................
  ** It is easier just to erase the whole table. Prior to version 3.6.5,
  ** this optimization caused the row change count (the value returned by 
  ** API function sqlite3_count_changes) to be set incorrectly.  */
  if( rcauth==SQLITE_OK && pWhere==0 && !pTrigger && !IsVirtual(pTab) 
   && 0==sqlite3FkRequired(pParse, pTab, 0, 0)
  ){
    assert( !isView );
    sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, pTab->tnum, 1, pTab->zName);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Clear, pTab->tnum, iDb, memCnt,
                      pTab->zName, P4_STATIC);
    for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
      assert( pIdx->pSchema==pTab->pSchema );
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Clear, pIdx->tnum, iDb);
    }
  }else
................................................................................
      }
      sqlite3_result_text(context, z1, n, sqlite3_free);
    }
  }
}

/*
** Some functions like COALESCE() and IFNULL() and UNLIKELY() are implemented
** as VDBE code so that unused argument values do not have to be computed.
** However, we still need some kind of function implementation for this
** routines in the function table.  The noopFunc macro provides this.
** noopFunc will never be called so it doesn't matter what the implementation
** is.  We might as well use the "version()" function as a substitute.
*/
#define noopFunc versionFunc   /* Substitute function - never called */

/*
** Implementation of random().  Return a random integer.  
*/
static void randomFunc(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int NotUsed,
................................................................................
** For LIKE and GLOB matching on EBCDIC machines, assume that every
** character is exactly one byte in size.  Also, all characters are
** able to participate in upper-case-to-lower-case mappings in EBCDIC
** whereas only characters less than 0x80 do in ASCII.
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_EBCDIC)
# define sqlite3Utf8Read(A)    (*((*A)++))
# define GlobUpperToLower(A)   A = sqlite3UpperToLower[A]
#else
# define GlobUpperToLower(A)   if( !((A)&~0x7f) ){ A = sqlite3UpperToLower[A]; }
#endif

static const struct compareInfo globInfo = { '*', '?', '[', 0 };
/* The correct SQL-92 behavior is for the LIKE operator to ignore
** case.  Thus  'a' LIKE 'A' would be true. */
static const struct compareInfo likeInfoNorm = { '%', '_',   0, 1 };
/* If SQLITE_CASE_SENSITIVE_LIKE is defined, then the LIKE operator
................................................................................
        while( *zString && patternCompare(&zPattern[-1],zString,pInfo,esc)==0 ){
          SQLITE_SKIP_UTF8(zString);
        }
        return *zString!=0;
      }
      while( (c2 = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zString))!=0 ){
        if( noCase ){
          GlobUpperToLower(c2);
          GlobUpperToLower(c);
          while( c2 != 0 && c2 != c ){
            c2 = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zString);
            GlobUpperToLower(c2);
          }
        }else{
          while( c2 != 0 && c2 != c ){
            c2 = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zString);
          }
        }
        if( c2==0 ) return 0;
................................................................................
        return 0;
      }
    }else if( esc==c && !prevEscape ){
      prevEscape = 1;
    }else{
      c2 = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zString);
      if( noCase ){
        GlobUpperToLower(c);
        GlobUpperToLower(c2);
      }
      if( c!=c2 ){
        return 0;
      }
      prevEscape = 0;
    }
  }
................................................................................
    FUNCTION(round,              1, 0, 0, roundFunc        ),
    FUNCTION(round,              2, 0, 0, roundFunc        ),
#endif
    FUNCTION(upper,              1, 0, 0, upperFunc        ),
    FUNCTION(lower,              1, 0, 0, lowerFunc        ),
    FUNCTION(coalesce,           1, 0, 0, 0                ),
    FUNCTION(coalesce,           0, 0, 0, 0                ),
    FUNCTION2(coalesce,         -1, 0, 0, noopFunc,  SQLITE_FUNC_COALESCE),
    FUNCTION(hex,                1, 0, 0, hexFunc          ),
    FUNCTION2(ifnull,            2, 0, 0, noopFunc,  SQLITE_FUNC_COALESCE),
    FUNCTION2(unlikely,          1, 0, 0, noopFunc,  SQLITE_FUNC_UNLIKELY),
    FUNCTION2(likelihood,        2, 0, 0, noopFunc,  SQLITE_FUNC_UNLIKELY),
    FUNCTION(random,             0, 0, 0, randomFunc       ),
    FUNCTION(randomblob,         1, 0, 0, randomBlob       ),
    FUNCTION(nullif,             2, 0, 1, nullifFunc       ),
    FUNCTION(sqlite_version,     0, 0, 0, versionFunc      ),
    FUNCTION(sqlite_source_id,   0, 0, 0, sourceidFunc     ),
    FUNCTION(sqlite_log,         2, 0, 0, errlogFunc       ),
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_COMPILEOPTION_DIAGS
................................................................................
      /* Search for a deferred foreign key constraint for which this table
      ** is the child table. If one cannot be found, return without 
      ** generating any VDBE code. If one can be found, then jump over
      ** the entire DELETE if there are no outstanding deferred constraints
      ** when this statement is run.  */
      FKey *p;
      for(p=pTab->pFKey; p; p=p->pNextFrom){
        if( p->isDeferred || (db->flags & SQLITE_DeferFKs) ) break;
      }
      if( !p ) return;
      iSkip = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_FkIfZero, 1, iSkip);
    }

    pParse->disableTriggers = 1;
    sqlite3DeleteFrom(pParse, sqlite3SrcListDup(db, pName, 0), 0);
    pParse->disableTriggers = 0;

    /* If the DELETE has generated immediate foreign key constraint 
    ** violations, halt the VDBE and return an error at this point, before
    ** any modifications to the schema are made. This is because statement
    ** transactions are not able to rollback schema changes.  
    **
    ** If the SQLITE_DeferFKs flag is set, then this is not required, as
    ** the statement transaction will not be rolled back even if FK
    ** constraints are violated.
    */
    if( (db->flags & SQLITE_DeferFKs)==0 ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_FkIfZero, 0, sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)+2);
      sqlite3HaltConstraint(pParse, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FOREIGNKEY,
          OE_Abort, "foreign key constraint failed", P4_STATIC
      );
    }

    if( iSkip ){
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iSkip);
    }
  }
}

................................................................................
    pKey = sqlite3IndexKeyinfo(pParse, pSrcIdx);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_OpenRead, iSrc, pSrcIdx->tnum, iDbSrc,
                      (char*)pKey, P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF);
    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pSrcIdx->zName));
    pKey = sqlite3IndexKeyinfo(pParse, pDestIdx);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_OpenWrite, iDest, pDestIdx->tnum, iDbDest,
                      (char*)pKey, P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_BULKCSR);
    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pDestIdx->zName));
    addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iSrc, 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowKey, iSrc, regData);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IdxInsert, iDest, regData, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iSrc, addr1+1);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);
  }
................................................................................
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains code used to implement the PRAGMA command.
*/

#if !defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE)
#  if defined(__APPLE__)
#    define SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE 1
#  else
#    define SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE 0
#  endif
#endif

/***************************************************************************
** The next block of code, including the PragTyp_XXXX macro definitions and
** the aPragmaName[] object is composed of generated code. DO NOT EDIT.
**
** To add new pragmas, edit the code in ../tool/mkpragmatab.tcl and rerun
** that script.  Then copy/paste the output in place of the following:
*/
#define PragTyp_HEADER_VALUE                   0
#define PragTyp_AUTO_VACUUM                    1
#define PragTyp_FLAG                           2
#define PragTyp_BUSY_TIMEOUT                   3
#define PragTyp_CACHE_SIZE                     4
#define PragTyp_CASE_SENSITIVE_LIKE            5
#define PragTyp_COLLATION_LIST                 6
#define PragTyp_COMPILE_OPTIONS                7
#define PragTyp_DATA_STORE_DIRECTORY           8
#define PragTyp_DATABASE_LIST                  9
#define PragTyp_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE            10
#define PragTyp_ENCODING                      11
#define PragTyp_FOREIGN_KEY_CHECK             12
#define PragTyp_FOREIGN_KEY_LIST              13
#define PragTyp_INCREMENTAL_VACUUM            14
#define PragTyp_INDEX_INFO                    15
#define PragTyp_INDEX_LIST                    16
#define PragTyp_INTEGRITY_CHECK               17
#define PragTyp_JOURNAL_MODE                  18
#define PragTyp_JOURNAL_SIZE_LIMIT            19
#define PragTyp_LOCK_PROXY_FILE               20
#define PragTyp_LOCKING_MODE                  21
#define PragTyp_PAGE_COUNT                    22
#define PragTyp_MMAP_SIZE                     23
#define PragTyp_PAGE_SIZE                     24
#define PragTyp_SECURE_DELETE                 25
#define PragTyp_SHRINK_MEMORY                 26
#define PragTyp_SOFT_HEAP_LIMIT               27
#define PragTyp_STATS                         28
#define PragTyp_SYNCHRONOUS                   29
#define PragTyp_TABLE_INFO                    30
#define PragTyp_TEMP_STORE                    31
#define PragTyp_TEMP_STORE_DIRECTORY          32
#define PragTyp_WAL_AUTOCHECKPOINT            33
#define PragTyp_WAL_CHECKPOINT                34
#define PragTyp_ACTIVATE_EXTENSIONS           35
#define PragTyp_HEXKEY                        36
#define PragTyp_KEY                           37
#define PragTyp_REKEY                         38
#define PragTyp_LOCK_STATUS                   39
#define PragTyp_PARSER_TRACE                  40
#define PragFlag_NeedSchema           0x01
static const struct sPragmaNames {
  const char *const zName;  /* Name of pragma */
  u8 ePragTyp;              /* PragTyp_XXX value */
  u8 mPragFlag;             /* Zero or more PragFlag_XXX values */
  u32 iArg;                 /* Extra argument */
} aPragmaNames[] = {
#if defined(SQLITE_HAS_CODEC) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_CEROD)
  { /* zName:     */ "activate_extensions",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_ACTIVATE_EXTENSIONS,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SCHEMA_VERSION_PRAGMAS)
  { /* zName:     */ "application_id",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_HEADER_VALUE,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM)
  { /* zName:     */ "auto_vacuum",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_AUTO_VACUUM,
    /* ePragFlag: */ PragFlag_NeedSchema,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOMATIC_INDEX)
  { /* zName:     */ "automatic_index",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FLAG,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_AutoIndex },
#endif
  { /* zName:     */ "busy_timeout",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_BUSY_TIMEOUT,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS)
  { /* zName:     */ "cache_size",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_CACHE_SIZE,
    /* ePragFlag: */ PragFlag_NeedSchema,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
  { /* zName:     */ "cache_spill",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FLAG,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_CacheSpill },
  { /* zName:     */ "case_sensitive_like",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_CASE_SENSITIVE_LIKE,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
  { /* zName:     */ "checkpoint_fullfsync",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FLAG,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_CkptFullFSync },
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SCHEMA_PRAGMAS)
  { /* zName:     */ "collation_list",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_COLLATION_LIST,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_COMPILEOPTION_DIAGS)
  { /* zName:     */ "compile_options",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_COMPILE_OPTIONS,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
  { /* zName:     */ "count_changes",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FLAG,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_CountRows },
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS) && SQLITE_OS_WIN
  { /* zName:     */ "data_store_directory",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_DATA_STORE_DIRECTORY,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SCHEMA_PRAGMAS)
  { /* zName:     */ "database_list",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_DATABASE_LIST,
    /* ePragFlag: */ PragFlag_NeedSchema,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_DEPRECATED)
  { /* zName:     */ "default_cache_size",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE,
    /* ePragFlag: */ PragFlag_NeedSchema,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER)
  { /* zName:     */ "defer_foreign_keys",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FLAG,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_DeferFKs },
#endif
  { /* zName:     */ "empty_result_callbacks",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FLAG,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_NullCallback },
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16)
  { /* zName:     */ "encoding",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_ENCODING,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER)
  { /* zName:     */ "foreign_key_check",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FOREIGN_KEY_CHECK,
    /* ePragFlag: */ PragFlag_NeedSchema,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY)
  { /* zName:     */ "foreign_key_list",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FOREIGN_KEY_LIST,
    /* ePragFlag: */ PragFlag_NeedSchema,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER)
  { /* zName:     */ "foreign_keys",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FLAG,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_ForeignKeys },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SCHEMA_VERSION_PRAGMAS)
  { /* zName:     */ "freelist_count",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_HEADER_VALUE,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
  { /* zName:     */ "full_column_names",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FLAG,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_FullColNames },
  { /* zName:     */ "fullfsync",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FLAG,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_FullFSync },
#if defined(SQLITE_HAS_CODEC)
  { /* zName:     */ "hexkey",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_HEXKEY,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
  { /* zName:     */ "hexrekey",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_HEXKEY,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK)
  { /* zName:     */ "ignore_check_constraints",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FLAG,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_IgnoreChecks },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM)
  { /* zName:     */ "incremental_vacuum",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_INCREMENTAL_VACUUM,
    /* ePragFlag: */ PragFlag_NeedSchema,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SCHEMA_PRAGMAS)
  { /* zName:     */ "index_info",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_INDEX_INFO,
    /* ePragFlag: */ PragFlag_NeedSchema,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
  { /* zName:     */ "index_list",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_INDEX_LIST,
    /* ePragFlag: */ PragFlag_NeedSchema,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_INTEGRITY_CHECK)
  { /* zName:     */ "integrity_check",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_INTEGRITY_CHECK,
    /* ePragFlag: */ PragFlag_NeedSchema,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS)
  { /* zName:     */ "journal_mode",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_JOURNAL_MODE,
    /* ePragFlag: */ PragFlag_NeedSchema,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
  { /* zName:     */ "journal_size_limit",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_JOURNAL_SIZE_LIMIT,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_HAS_CODEC)
  { /* zName:     */ "key",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_KEY,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
  { /* zName:     */ "legacy_file_format",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FLAG,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_LegacyFileFmt },
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS) && SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE
  { /* zName:     */ "lock_proxy_file",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_LOCK_PROXY_FILE,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) || defined(SQLITE_TEST)
  { /* zName:     */ "lock_status",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_LOCK_STATUS,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS)
  { /* zName:     */ "locking_mode",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_LOCKING_MODE,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
  { /* zName:     */ "max_page_count",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_PAGE_COUNT,
    /* ePragFlag: */ PragFlag_NeedSchema,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
  { /* zName:     */ "mmap_size",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_MMAP_SIZE,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
  { /* zName:     */ "page_count",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_PAGE_COUNT,
    /* ePragFlag: */ PragFlag_NeedSchema,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
  { /* zName:     */ "page_size",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_PAGE_SIZE,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
  { /* zName:     */ "parser_trace",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_PARSER_TRACE,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
  { /* zName:     */ "query_only",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FLAG,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_QueryOnly },
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_INTEGRITY_CHECK)
  { /* zName:     */ "quick_check",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_INTEGRITY_CHECK,
    /* ePragFlag: */ PragFlag_NeedSchema,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
  { /* zName:     */ "read_uncommitted",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FLAG,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_ReadUncommitted },
  { /* zName:     */ "recursive_triggers",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FLAG,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_RecTriggers },
#if defined(SQLITE_HAS_CODEC)
  { /* zName:     */ "rekey",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_REKEY,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
  { /* zName:     */ "reverse_unordered_selects",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FLAG,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_ReverseOrder },
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SCHEMA_VERSION_PRAGMAS)
  { /* zName:     */ "schema_version",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_HEADER_VALUE,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS)
  { /* zName:     */ "secure_delete",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_SECURE_DELETE,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
  { /* zName:     */ "short_column_names",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FLAG,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_ShortColNames },
  { /* zName:     */ "shrink_memory",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_SHRINK_MEMORY,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
  { /* zName:     */ "soft_heap_limit",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_SOFT_HEAP_LIMIT,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
  { /* zName:     */ "sql_trace",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FLAG,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_SqlTrace },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SCHEMA_PRAGMAS)
  { /* zName:     */ "stats",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_STATS,
    /* ePragFlag: */ PragFlag_NeedSchema,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS)
  { /* zName:     */ "synchronous",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_SYNCHRONOUS,
    /* ePragFlag: */ PragFlag_NeedSchema,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SCHEMA_PRAGMAS)
  { /* zName:     */ "table_info",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_TABLE_INFO,
    /* ePragFlag: */ PragFlag_NeedSchema,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS)
  { /* zName:     */ "temp_store",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_TEMP_STORE,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
  { /* zName:     */ "temp_store_directory",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_TEMP_STORE_DIRECTORY,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SCHEMA_VERSION_PRAGMAS)
  { /* zName:     */ "user_version",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_HEADER_VALUE,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
  { /* zName:     */ "vdbe_addoptrace",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FLAG,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_VdbeAddopTrace },
  { /* zName:     */ "vdbe_debug",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FLAG,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_SqlTrace|SQLITE_VdbeListing|SQLITE_VdbeTrace },
  { /* zName:     */ "vdbe_listing",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FLAG,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_VdbeListing },
  { /* zName:     */ "vdbe_trace",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FLAG,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_VdbeTrace },
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL)
  { /* zName:     */ "wal_autocheckpoint",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_WAL_AUTOCHECKPOINT,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
  { /* zName:     */ "wal_checkpoint",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_WAL_CHECKPOINT,
    /* ePragFlag: */ PragFlag_NeedSchema,
    /* iArg:      */ 0 },
#endif
  { /* zName:     */ "writable_schema",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FLAG,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_WriteSchema|SQLITE_RecoveryMode },
};
/* Number of pragmas: 56 on by default, 68 total. */
/* End of the automatically generated pragma table.
***************************************************************************/

/*
** Interpret the given string as a safety level.  Return 0 for OFF,
** 1 for ON or NORMAL and 2 for FULL.  Return 1 for an empty or 
** unrecognized string argument.  The FULL option is disallowed
** if the omitFull parameter it 1.
**
** Note that the values returned are one less that the values that
................................................................................
  }
}
#else
# define setAllPagerFlags(X)  /* no-op */
#endif





























































































/*
** Return a human-readable name for a constraint resolution action.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
static const char *actionName(u8 action){
  const char *zName;
  switch( action ){
................................................................................
  Token *pValue,      /* Token for <value>, or NULL */
  int minusFlag       /* True if a '-' sign preceded <value> */
){
  char *zLeft = 0;       /* Nul-terminated UTF-8 string <id> */
  char *zRight = 0;      /* Nul-terminated UTF-8 string <value>, or NULL */
  const char *zDb = 0;   /* The database name */
  Token *pId;            /* Pointer to <id> token */

  char *aFcntl[4];       /* Argument to SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA */
  int iDb;               /* Database index for <database> */
  int lwr, upr, mid;           /* Binary search bounds */
  int rc;                      /* return value form SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;    /* The database connection */
  Db *pDb;                     /* The specific database being pragmaed */
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);  /* Prepared statement */

  if( v==0 ) return;
  sqlite3VdbeRunOnlyOnce(v);
................................................................................
      int mem = ++pParse->nMem;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, mem, 0, aFcntl[0], 0);
      sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "result", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, mem, 1);
      sqlite3_free(aFcntl[0]);
    }
    goto pragma_out;
  }
  if( rc!=SQLITE_NOTFOUND ){
    if( aFcntl[0] ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "%s", aFcntl[0]);
      sqlite3_free(aFcntl[0]);
    }
    pParse->nErr++;
    pParse->rc = rc;
    goto pragma_out;
  }

  /* Locate the pragma in the lookup table */
  lwr = 0;
  upr = ArraySize(aPragmaNames)-1;
  while( lwr<=upr ){
    mid = (lwr+upr)/2;
    rc = sqlite3_stricmp(zLeft, aPragmaNames[mid].zName);
    if( rc==0 ) break;
    if( rc<0 ){
      upr = mid - 1;
    }else{
      lwr = mid + 1;
    }
  }
  if( lwr>upr ) goto pragma_out;

  /* Make sure the database schema is loaded if the pragma requires that */
  if( (aPragmaNames[mid].mPragFlag & PragFlag_NeedSchema)!=0 ){
    if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ) goto pragma_out;
  }

  /* Jump to the appropriate pragma handler */
  switch( aPragmaNames[mid].ePragTyp ){
  
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_DEPRECATED)
  /*
  **  PRAGMA [database.]default_cache_size
  **  PRAGMA [database.]default_cache_size=N
  **
  ** The first form reports the current persistent setting for the
  ** page cache size.  The value returned is the maximum number of
................................................................................
  **
  ** Older versions of SQLite would set the default cache size to a
  ** negative number to indicate synchronous=OFF.  These days, synchronous
  ** is always on by default regardless of the sign of the default cache
  ** size.  But continue to take the absolute value of the default cache
  ** size of historical compatibility.
  */
  case PragTyp_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE: {
    static const VdbeOpList getCacheSize[] = {
      { OP_Transaction, 0, 0,        0},                         /* 0 */
      { OP_ReadCookie,  0, 1,        BTREE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE},  /* 1 */
      { OP_IfPos,       1, 8,        0},
      { OP_Integer,     0, 2,        0},
      { OP_Subtract,    1, 2,        1},
      { OP_IfPos,       1, 8,        0},
      { OP_Integer,     0, 1,        0},                         /* 6 */
      { OP_Noop,        0, 0,        0},
      { OP_ResultRow,   1, 1,        0},
    };
    int addr;

    sqlite3VdbeUsesBtree(v, iDb);
    if( !zRight ){
      sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "cache_size", SQLITE_STATIC);
      pParse->nMem += 2;
      addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(v, ArraySize(getCacheSize), getCacheSize);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, addr, iDb);
................................................................................
      sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 0, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, size, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_SetCookie, iDb, BTREE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE, 1);
      assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );
      pDb->pSchema->cache_size = size;
      sqlite3BtreeSetCacheSize(pDb->pBt, pDb->pSchema->cache_size);
    }
    break;
  }
#endif /* !SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS && !SQLITE_OMIT_DEPRECATED */

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS)
  /*
  **  PRAGMA [database.]page_size
  **  PRAGMA [database.]page_size=N
  **
  ** The first form reports the current setting for the
  ** database page size in bytes.  The second form sets the
  ** database page size value.  The value can only be set if
  ** the database has not yet been created.
  */
  case PragTyp_PAGE_SIZE: {
    Btree *pBt = pDb->pBt;
    assert( pBt!=0 );
    if( !zRight ){
      int size = ALWAYS(pBt) ? sqlite3BtreeGetPageSize(pBt) : 0;
      returnSingleInt(pParse, "page_size", size);
    }else{
      /* Malloc may fail when setting the page-size, as there is an internal
................................................................................
      ** buffer that the pager module resizes using sqlite3_realloc().
      */
      db->nextPagesize = sqlite3Atoi(zRight);
      if( SQLITE_NOMEM==sqlite3BtreeSetPageSize(pBt, db->nextPagesize,-1,0) ){
        db->mallocFailed = 1;
      }
    }
    break;
  }

  /*
  **  PRAGMA [database.]secure_delete
  **  PRAGMA [database.]secure_delete=ON/OFF
  **
  ** The first form reports the current setting for the
  ** secure_delete flag.  The second form changes the secure_delete
  ** flag setting and reports thenew value.
  */
  case PragTyp_SECURE_DELETE: {
    Btree *pBt = pDb->pBt;
    int b = -1;
    assert( pBt!=0 );
    if( zRight ){
      b = sqlite3GetBoolean(zRight, 0);
    }
    if( pId2->n==0 && b>=0 ){
................................................................................
      int ii;
      for(ii=0; ii<db->nDb; ii++){
        sqlite3BtreeSecureDelete(db->aDb[ii].pBt, b);
      }
    }
    b = sqlite3BtreeSecureDelete(pBt, b);
    returnSingleInt(pParse, "secure_delete", b);
    break;
  }

  /*
  **  PRAGMA [database.]max_page_count
  **  PRAGMA [database.]max_page_count=N
  **
  ** The first form reports the current setting for the
  ** maximum number of pages in the database file.  The 
................................................................................
  ** change.  The only purpose is to provide an easy way to test
  ** the sqlite3AbsInt32() function.
  **
  **  PRAGMA [database.]page_count
  **
  ** Return the number of pages in the specified database.
  */
  case PragTyp_PAGE_COUNT: {


    int iReg;

    sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
    iReg = ++pParse->nMem;
    if( sqlite3Tolower(zLeft[0])=='p' ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Pagecount, iDb, iReg);
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MaxPgcnt, iDb, iReg, 
                        sqlite3AbsInt32(sqlite3Atoi(zRight)));
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, iReg, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, zLeft, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
    break;
  }

  /*
  **  PRAGMA [database.]locking_mode
  **  PRAGMA [database.]locking_mode = (normal|exclusive)
  */
  case PragTyp_LOCKING_MODE: {
    const char *zRet = "normal";
    int eMode = getLockingMode(zRight);

    if( pId2->n==0 && eMode==PAGER_LOCKINGMODE_QUERY ){
      /* Simple "PRAGMA locking_mode;" statement. This is a query for
      ** the current default locking mode (which may be different to
      ** the locking-mode of the main database).
................................................................................
        }
        db->dfltLockMode = (u8)eMode;
      }
      pPager = sqlite3BtreePager(pDb->pBt);
      eMode = sqlite3PagerLockingMode(pPager, eMode);
    }

    assert( eMode==PAGER_LOCKINGMODE_NORMAL
            || eMode==PAGER_LOCKINGMODE_EXCLUSIVE );
    if( eMode==PAGER_LOCKINGMODE_EXCLUSIVE ){
      zRet = "exclusive";
    }
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "locking_mode", SQLITE_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 1, 0, zRet, 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 1);
    break;
  }

  /*
  **  PRAGMA [database.]journal_mode
  **  PRAGMA [database.]journal_mode =
  **                      (delete|persist|off|truncate|memory|wal|off)
  */
  case PragTyp_JOURNAL_MODE: {
    int eMode;        /* One of the PAGER_JOURNALMODE_XXX symbols */
    int ii;           /* Loop counter */









    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "journal_mode", SQLITE_STATIC);

    if( zRight==0 ){
      /* If there is no "=MODE" part of the pragma, do a query for the
      ** current mode */
      eMode = PAGER_JOURNALMODE_QUERY;
................................................................................
    for(ii=db->nDb-1; ii>=0; ii--){
      if( db->aDb[ii].pBt && (ii==iDb || pId2->n==0) ){
        sqlite3VdbeUsesBtree(v, ii);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_JournalMode, ii, 1, eMode);
      }
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 1);
    break;
  }

  /*
  **  PRAGMA [database.]journal_size_limit
  **  PRAGMA [database.]journal_size_limit=N
  **
  ** Get or set the size limit on rollback journal files.
  */
  case PragTyp_JOURNAL_SIZE_LIMIT: {
    Pager *pPager = sqlite3BtreePager(pDb->pBt);
    i64 iLimit = -2;
    if( zRight ){
      sqlite3Atoi64(zRight, &iLimit, sqlite3Strlen30(zRight), SQLITE_UTF8);
      if( iLimit<-1 ) iLimit = -1;
    }
    iLimit = sqlite3PagerJournalSizeLimit(pPager, iLimit);
    returnSingleInt(pParse, "journal_size_limit", iLimit);
    break;
  }

#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS */

  /*
  **  PRAGMA [database.]auto_vacuum
  **  PRAGMA [database.]auto_vacuum=N
  **
  ** Get or set the value of the database 'auto-vacuum' parameter.
  ** The value is one of:  0 NONE 1 FULL 2 INCREMENTAL
  */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
  case PragTyp_AUTO_VACUUM: {
    Btree *pBt = pDb->pBt;
    assert( pBt!=0 );



    if( !zRight ){






      returnSingleInt(pParse, "auto_vacuum", sqlite3BtreeGetAutoVacuum(pBt));
    }else{
      int eAuto = getAutoVacuum(zRight);
      assert( eAuto>=0 && eAuto<=2 );
      db->nextAutovac = (u8)eAuto;

      /* Call SetAutoVacuum() to set initialize the internal auto and
      ** incr-vacuum flags. This is required in case this connection
      ** creates the database file. It is important that it is created
      ** as an auto-vacuum capable db.
      */
      rc = sqlite3BtreeSetAutoVacuum(pBt, eAuto);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK && (eAuto==1 || eAuto==2) ){
        /* When setting the auto_vacuum mode to either "full" or 
        ** "incremental", write the value of meta[6] in the database
        ** file. Before writing to meta[6], check that meta[3] indicates
        ** that this really is an auto-vacuum capable database.
        */
        static const VdbeOpList setMeta6[] = {
          { OP_Transaction,    0,         1,                 0},    /* 0 */
          { OP_ReadCookie,     0,         1,         BTREE_LARGEST_ROOT_PAGE},
          { OP_If,             1,         0,                 0},    /* 2 */
          { OP_Halt,           SQLITE_OK, OE_Abort,          0},    /* 3 */
          { OP_Integer,        0,         1,                 0},    /* 4 */
          { OP_SetCookie,      0,         BTREE_INCR_VACUUM, 1},    /* 5 */
        };
        int iAddr;
        iAddr = sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(v, ArraySize(setMeta6), setMeta6);
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, iAddr, iDb);
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, iAddr+1, iDb);
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(v, iAddr+2, iAddr+4);
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, iAddr+4, eAuto-1);
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, iAddr+5, iDb);
        sqlite3VdbeUsesBtree(v, iDb);
      }
    }
    break;
  }

#endif

  /*
  **  PRAGMA [database.]incremental_vacuum(N)
  **
  ** Do N steps of incremental vacuuming on a database.
  */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM

  case PragTyp_INCREMENTAL_VACUUM: {
    int iLimit, addr;



    if( zRight==0 || !sqlite3GetInt32(zRight, &iLimit) || iLimit<=0 ){
      iLimit = 0x7fffffff;
    }
    sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 0, iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, iLimit, 1);
    addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IncrVacuum, iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_ResultRow, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, 1, -1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IfPos, 1, addr);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);
    break;
  }
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS
  /*
  **  PRAGMA [database.]cache_size
  **  PRAGMA [database.]cache_size=N
  **
................................................................................
  ** The first form reports the current local setting for the
  ** page cache size. The second form sets the local
  ** page cache size value.  If N is positive then that is the
  ** number of pages in the cache.  If N is negative, then the
  ** number of pages is adjusted so that the cache uses -N kibibytes
  ** of memory.
  */
  case PragTyp_CACHE_SIZE: {

    assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );
    if( !zRight ){
      returnSingleInt(pParse, "cache_size", pDb->pSchema->cache_size);
    }else{
      int size = sqlite3Atoi(zRight);
      pDb->pSchema->cache_size = size;
      sqlite3BtreeSetCacheSize(pDb->pBt, pDb->pSchema->cache_size);
    }
    break;
  }

  /*
  **  PRAGMA [database.]mmap_size(N)
  **
  ** Used to set mapping size limit. The mapping size limit is
  ** used to limit the aggregate size of all memory mapped regions of the
  ** database file. If this parameter is set to zero, then memory mapping
................................................................................
  ** limit determined by sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_MMAP_SIZE) is set.
  ** The parameter N is measured in bytes.
  **
  ** This value is advisory.  The underlying VFS is free to memory map
  ** as little or as much as it wants.  Except, if N is set to 0 then the
  ** upper layers will never invoke the xFetch interfaces to the VFS.
  */
  case PragTyp_MMAP_SIZE: {
    sqlite3_int64 sz;
#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
    assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );
    if( zRight ){
      int ii;
      sqlite3Atoi64(zRight, &sz, sqlite3Strlen30(zRight), SQLITE_UTF8);
      if( sz<0 ) sz = sqlite3GlobalConfig.szMmap;
................................................................................
#endif
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      returnSingleInt(pParse, "mmap_size", sz);
    }else if( rc!=SQLITE_NOTFOUND ){
      pParse->nErr++;
      pParse->rc = rc;
    }
    break;
  }

  /*
  **   PRAGMA temp_store
  **   PRAGMA temp_store = "default"|"memory"|"file"
  **
  ** Return or set the local value of the temp_store flag.  Changing
  ** the local value does not make changes to the disk file and the default
  ** value will be restored the next time the database is opened.
  **
  ** Note that it is possible for the library compile-time options to
  ** override this setting
  */
  case PragTyp_TEMP_STORE: {
    if( !zRight ){
      returnSingleInt(pParse, "temp_store", db->temp_store);
    }else{
      changeTempStorage(pParse, zRight);
    }
    break;
  }

  /*
  **   PRAGMA temp_store_directory
  **   PRAGMA temp_store_directory = ""|"directory_name"
  **
  ** Return or set the local value of the temp_store_directory flag.  Changing
  ** the value sets a specific directory to be used for temporary files.
  ** Setting to a null string reverts to the default temporary directory search.
  ** If temporary directory is changed, then invalidateTempStorage.
  **
  */
  case PragTyp_TEMP_STORE_DIRECTORY: {
    if( !zRight ){
      if( sqlite3_temp_directory ){
        sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, 
            "temp_store_directory", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 1, 0, sqlite3_temp_directory, 0);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 1);
................................................................................
      if( zRight[0] ){
        sqlite3_temp_directory = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", zRight);
      }else{
        sqlite3_temp_directory = 0;
      }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_WSD */
    }
    break;
  }

#if SQLITE_OS_WIN
  /*
  **   PRAGMA data_store_directory
  **   PRAGMA data_store_directory = ""|"directory_name"
  **
  ** Return or set the local value of the data_store_directory flag.  Changing
................................................................................
  ** were specified with a relative pathname.  Setting to a null string reverts
  ** to the default database directory, which for database files specified with
  ** a relative path will probably be based on the current directory for the
  ** process.  Database file specified with an absolute path are not impacted
  ** by this setting, regardless of its value.
  **
  */
  case PragTyp_DATA_STORE_DIRECTORY: {
    if( !zRight ){
      if( sqlite3_data_directory ){
        sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, 
            "data_store_directory", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 1, 0, sqlite3_data_directory, 0);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 1);
................................................................................
      if( zRight[0] ){
        sqlite3_data_directory = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", zRight);
      }else{
        sqlite3_data_directory = 0;
      }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_WSD */
    }
    break;

  }






#endif

#if SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE
  /*
  **   PRAGMA [database.]lock_proxy_file
  **   PRAGMA [database.]lock_proxy_file = ":auto:"|"lock_file_path"
  **
  ** Return or set the value of the lock_proxy_file flag.  Changing
  ** the value sets a specific file to be used for database access locks.
  **
  */

  case PragTyp_LOCK_PROXY_FILE: {
    if( !zRight ){
      Pager *pPager = sqlite3BtreePager(pDb->pBt);
      char *proxy_file_path = NULL;
      sqlite3_file *pFile = sqlite3PagerFile(pPager);
      sqlite3OsFileControlHint(pFile, SQLITE_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE, 
                           &proxy_file_path);
      
................................................................................
                                     NULL);
      }
      if( res!=SQLITE_OK ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "failed to set lock proxy file");
        goto pragma_out;
      }
    }
    break;
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE */      
    
  /*
  **   PRAGMA [database.]synchronous
  **   PRAGMA [database.]synchronous=OFF|ON|NORMAL|FULL
  **
  ** Return or set the local value of the synchronous flag.  Changing
  ** the local value does not make changes to the disk file and the
  ** default value will be restored the next time the database is
  ** opened.
  */
  case PragTyp_SYNCHRONOUS: {

    if( !zRight ){
      returnSingleInt(pParse, "synchronous", pDb->safety_level-1);
    }else{
      if( !db->autoCommit ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, 
            "Safety level may not be changed inside a transaction");
      }else{
        pDb->safety_level = getSafetyLevel(zRight,0,1)+1;
        setAllPagerFlags(db);
      }
    }
    break;
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLAG_PRAGMAS

  case PragTyp_FLAG: {
    if( zRight==0 ){
      returnSingleInt(pParse, aPragmaNames[mid].zName,
                     (db->flags & aPragmaNames[mid].iArg)!=0 );
    }else{
      int mask = aPragmaNames[mid].iArg;    /* Mask of bits to set or clear. */
      if( db->autoCommit==0 ){
        /* Foreign key support may not be enabled or disabled while not
        ** in auto-commit mode.  */
        mask &= ~(SQLITE_ForeignKeys);
      }

      if( sqlite3GetBoolean(zRight, 0) ){
        db->flags |= mask;
      }else{
        db->flags &= ~mask;
        if( mask==SQLITE_DeferFKs ) db->nDeferredImmCons = 0;
      }

      /* Many of the flag-pragmas modify the code generated by the SQL 
      ** compiler (eg. count_changes). So add an opcode to expire all
      ** compiled SQL statements after modifying a pragma value.
      */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Expire, 0, 0);
      setAllPagerFlags(db);
    }
    break;
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_FLAG_PRAGMAS */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SCHEMA_PRAGMAS
  /*
  **   PRAGMA table_info(<table>)
  **
  ** Return a single row for each column of the named table. The columns of
................................................................................
  **
  ** cid:        Column id (numbered from left to right, starting at 0)
  ** name:       Column name
  ** type:       Column declaration type.
  ** notnull:    True if 'NOT NULL' is part of column declaration
  ** dflt_value: The default value for the column, if any.
  */
  case PragTyp_TABLE_INFO: if( zRight ){
    Table *pTab;

    pTab = sqlite3FindTable(db, zRight, zDb);
    if( pTab ){
      int i, k;
      int nHidden = 0;
      Column *pCol;
      Index *pPk;
      for(pPk=pTab->pIndex; pPk && pPk->autoIndex!=2; pPk=pPk->pNext){}
................................................................................
        }else{
          for(k=1; ALWAYS(k<=pTab->nCol) && pPk->aiColumn[k-1]!=i; k++){}
        }
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, k, 6);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 6);
      }
    }

  }

  break;

  case PragTyp_STATS: {
    Index *pIdx;
    HashElem *i;
    v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 4);
    pParse->nMem = 4;
    sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "table", SQLITE_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 1, COLNAME_NAME, "index", SQLITE_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 2, COLNAME_NAME, "width", SQLITE_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 3, COLNAME_NAME, "height", SQLITE_STATIC);
    for(i=sqliteHashFirst(&pDb->pSchema->tblHash); i; i=sqliteHashNext(i)){
      Table *pTab = sqliteHashData(i);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 1, 0, pTab->zName, 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, 2);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer,
                           (int)sqlite3LogEstToInt(pTab->szTabRow), 3);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, (int)pTab->nRowEst, 4);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 4);
      for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 2, 0, pIdx->zName, 0);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer,
                             (int)sqlite3LogEstToInt(pIdx->szIdxRow), 3);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, (int)pIdx->aiRowEst[0], 4);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 4);
      }
    }
  }
  break;

  case PragTyp_INDEX_INFO: if( zRight ){
    Index *pIdx;
    Table *pTab;

    pIdx = sqlite3FindIndex(db, zRight, zDb);
    if( pIdx ){
      int i;
      pTab = pIdx->pTable;
      sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 3);
      pParse->nMem = 3;
      sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
................................................................................
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i, 1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, cnum, 2);
        assert( pTab->nCol>cnum );
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 3, 0, pTab->aCol[cnum].zName, 0);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 3);
      }
    }

  }

  break;

  case PragTyp_INDEX_LIST: if( zRight ){
    Index *pIdx;
    Table *pTab;

    int i;
    pTab = sqlite3FindTable(db, zRight, zDb);
    if( pTab ){
      v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);



      sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 3);
      pParse->nMem = 3;
      sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "seq", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 1, COLNAME_NAME, "name", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 2, COLNAME_NAME, "unique", SQLITE_STATIC);

      for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex, i=0; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, i++){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i, 1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 2, 0, pIdx->zName, 0);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, pIdx->onError!=OE_None, 3);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 3);


      }
    }
  }

  break;


  case PragTyp_DATABASE_LIST: {
    int i;

    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 3);
    pParse->nMem = 3;
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "seq", SQLITE_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 1, COLNAME_NAME, "name", SQLITE_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 2, COLNAME_NAME, "file", SQLITE_STATIC);
    for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
      if( db->aDb[i].pBt==0 ) continue;
................................................................................
      assert( db->aDb[i].zName!=0 );
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 2, 0, db->aDb[i].zName, 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 3, 0,
           sqlite3BtreeGetFilename(db->aDb[i].pBt), 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 3);
    }

  }

  break;

  case PragTyp_COLLATION_LIST: {
    int i = 0;
    HashElem *p;
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 2);
    pParse->nMem = 2;
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "seq", SQLITE_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 1, COLNAME_NAME, "name", SQLITE_STATIC);
    for(p=sqliteHashFirst(&db->aCollSeq); p; p=sqliteHashNext(p)){
      CollSeq *pColl = (CollSeq *)sqliteHashData(p);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i++, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 2, 0, pColl->zName, 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 2);
    }
  }
  break;
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_SCHEMA_PRAGMAS */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
  case PragTyp_FOREIGN_KEY_LIST: if( zRight ){
    FKey *pFK;
    Table *pTab;

    pTab = sqlite3FindTable(db, zRight, zDb);
    if( pTab ){
      v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
      pFK = pTab->pFKey;
      if( pFK ){
        int i = 0; 
        sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 8);
................................................................................
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 8);
          }
          ++i;
          pFK = pFK->pNextFrom;
        }
      }
    }
  }
  break;
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY) */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
  case PragTyp_FOREIGN_KEY_CHECK: {
    FKey *pFK;             /* A foreign key constraint */
    Table *pTab;           /* Child table contain "REFERENCES" keyword */
    Table *pParent;        /* Parent table that child points to */
    Index *pIdx;           /* Index in the parent table */
    int i;                 /* Loop counter:  Foreign key number for pTab */
    int j;                 /* Loop counter:  Field of the foreign key */
    HashElem *k;           /* Loop counter:  Next table in schema */
................................................................................
    int regResult;         /* 3 registers to hold a result row */
    int regKey;            /* Register to hold key for checking the FK */
    int regRow;            /* Registers to hold a row from pTab */
    int addrTop;           /* Top of a loop checking foreign keys */
    int addrOk;            /* Jump here if the key is OK */
    int *aiCols;           /* child to parent column mapping */


    regResult = pParse->nMem+1;
    pParse->nMem += 4;
    regKey = ++pParse->nMem;
    regRow = ++pParse->nMem;
    v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 4);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "table", SQLITE_STATIC);
................................................................................
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, regResult, 4);
        sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrOk);
        sqlite3DbFree(db, aiCols);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, 0, addrTop+1);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrTop);
    }
  }
  break;
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER) */
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY) */

#ifndef NDEBUG
  case PragTyp_PARSER_TRACE: {
    if( zRight ){
      if( sqlite3GetBoolean(zRight, 0) ){
        sqlite3ParserTrace(stderr, "parser: ");
      }else{
        sqlite3ParserTrace(0, 0);
      }
    }
  }
  break;
#endif

  /* Reinstall the LIKE and GLOB functions.  The variant of LIKE
  ** used will be case sensitive or not depending on the RHS.
  */
  case PragTyp_CASE_SENSITIVE_LIKE: {
    if( zRight ){
      sqlite3RegisterLikeFunctions(db, sqlite3GetBoolean(zRight, 0));
    }
  }
  break;

#ifndef SQLITE_INTEGRITY_CHECK_ERROR_MAX
# define SQLITE_INTEGRITY_CHECK_ERROR_MAX 100
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_INTEGRITY_CHECK
  /* Pragma "quick_check" is reduced version of 
  ** integrity_check designed to detect most database corruption
  ** without most of the overhead of a full integrity-check.
  */
  case PragTyp_INTEGRITY_CHECK: {


    int i, j, addr, mxErr;

    /* Code that appears at the end of the integrity check.  If no error
    ** messages have been generated, output OK.  Otherwise output the
    ** error message
    */
    static const VdbeOpList endCode[] = {
................................................................................
    ** to -1 here, to indicate that the VDBE should verify the integrity
    ** of all attached databases.  */
    assert( iDb>=0 );
    assert( iDb==0 || pId2->z );
    if( pId2->z==0 ) iDb = -1;

    /* Initialize the VDBE program */

    pParse->nMem = 6;
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "integrity_check", SQLITE_STATIC);

    /* Set the maximum error count */
    mxErr = SQLITE_INTEGRITY_CHECK_ERROR_MAX;
    if( zRight ){
................................................................................
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_BTREECOUNT */
      } 
    }
    addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(v, ArraySize(endCode), endCode);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(v, addr, -mxErr);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr+1);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, addr+2, "ok", P4_STATIC);
  }
  break;
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_INTEGRITY_CHECK */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
  /*
  **   PRAGMA encoding
  **   PRAGMA encoding = "utf-8"|"utf-16"|"utf-16le"|"utf-16be"
  **
................................................................................
  ** the main database has not been initialized and/or created when ATTACH
  ** is executed, this is done before the ATTACH operation.
  **
  ** In the second form this pragma sets the text encoding to be used in
  ** new database files created using this database handle. It is only
  ** useful if invoked immediately after the main database i
  */
  case PragTyp_ENCODING: {
    static const struct EncName {
      char *zName;
      u8 enc;
    } encnames[] = {
      { "UTF8",     SQLITE_UTF8        },
      { "UTF-8",    SQLITE_UTF8        },  /* Must be element [1] */
      { "UTF-16le", SQLITE_UTF16LE     },  /* Must be element [2] */
................................................................................
          }
        }
        if( !pEnc->zName ){
          sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "unsupported encoding: %s", zRight);
        }
      }
    }
  }
  break;
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16 */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SCHEMA_VERSION_PRAGMAS
  /*
  **   PRAGMA [database.]schema_version
  **   PRAGMA [database.]schema_version = <integer>
  **
................................................................................
  ** Subverting this mechanism by using "PRAGMA schema_version" to modify
  ** the schema-version is potentially dangerous and may lead to program
  ** crashes or database corruption. Use with caution!
  **
  ** The user-version is not used internally by SQLite. It may be used by
  ** applications for any purpose.
  */
  case PragTyp_HEADER_VALUE: {




    int iCookie;   /* Cookie index. 1 for schema-cookie, 6 for user-cookie. */
    sqlite3VdbeUsesBtree(v, iDb);
    switch( zLeft[0] ){
      case 'a': case 'A':
        iCookie = BTREE_APPLICATION_ID;
        break;
      case 'f': case 'F':
................................................................................
      int addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(v, ArraySize(readCookie), readCookie);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, addr, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, addr+1, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP3(v, addr+1, iCookie);
      sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, zLeft, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
    }
  }
  break;
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_SCHEMA_VERSION_PRAGMAS */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_COMPILEOPTION_DIAGS
  /*
  **   PRAGMA compile_options
  **
  ** Return the names of all compile-time options used in this build,
  ** one option per row.
  */
  case PragTyp_COMPILE_OPTIONS: {
    int i = 0;
    const char *zOpt;
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
    pParse->nMem = 1;
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "compile_option", SQLITE_STATIC);
    while( (zOpt = sqlite3_compileoption_get(i++))!=0 ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 1, 0, zOpt, 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 1);
    }
  }
  break;
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_COMPILEOPTION_DIAGS */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  /*
  **   PRAGMA [database.]wal_checkpoint = passive|full|restart
  **
  ** Checkpoint the database.
  */
  case PragTyp_WAL_CHECKPOINT: {
    int iBt = (pId2->z?iDb:SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED);
    int eMode = SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE;
    if( zRight ){
      if( sqlite3StrICmp(zRight, "full")==0 ){
        eMode = SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL;
      }else if( sqlite3StrICmp(zRight, "restart")==0 ){
        eMode = SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_RESTART;
      }
    }

    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 3);
    pParse->nMem = 3;
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "busy", SQLITE_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 1, COLNAME_NAME, "log", SQLITE_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 2, COLNAME_NAME, "checkpointed", SQLITE_STATIC);

    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Checkpoint, iBt, eMode, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 3);
  }
  break;

  /*
  **   PRAGMA wal_autocheckpoint
  **   PRAGMA wal_autocheckpoint = N
  **
  ** Configure a database connection to automatically checkpoint a database
  ** after accumulating N frames in the log. Or query for the current value
  ** of N.
  */
  case PragTyp_WAL_AUTOCHECKPOINT: {
    if( zRight ){
      sqlite3_wal_autocheckpoint(db, sqlite3Atoi(zRight));
    }
    returnSingleInt(pParse, "wal_autocheckpoint", 
       db->xWalCallback==sqlite3WalDefaultHook ? 
           SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(db->pWalArg) : 0);
  }
  break;
#endif

  /*
  **  PRAGMA shrink_memory
  **
  ** This pragma attempts to free as much memory as possible from the
  ** current database connection.
  */
  case PragTyp_SHRINK_MEMORY: {
    sqlite3_db_release_memory(db);
    break;
  }

  /*
  **   PRAGMA busy_timeout
  **   PRAGMA busy_timeout = N
  **
  ** Call sqlite3_busy_timeout(db, N).  Return the current timeout value
  ** if one is set.  If no busy handler or a different busy handler is set
  ** then 0 is returned.  Setting the busy_timeout to 0 or negative
  ** disables the timeout.
  */
  /*case PragTyp_BUSY_TIMEOUT*/ default: {
    assert( aPragmaNames[mid].ePragTyp==PragTyp_BUSY_TIMEOUT );
    if( zRight ){
      sqlite3_busy_timeout(db, sqlite3Atoi(zRight));
    }
    returnSingleInt(pParse, "timeout",  db->busyTimeout);
    break;
  }

  /*
  **   PRAGMA soft_heap_limit
  **   PRAGMA soft_heap_limit = N
  **
  ** Call sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64(N).  Return the result.  If N is omitted,
  ** use -1.
  */
  case PragTyp_SOFT_HEAP_LIMIT: {
    sqlite3_int64 N;
    if( zRight && sqlite3Atoi64(zRight, &N, 1000000, SQLITE_UTF8)==SQLITE_OK ){
      sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64(N);
    }
    returnSingleInt(pParse, "soft_heap_limit",  sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64(-1));
    break;
  }

#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) || defined(SQLITE_TEST)
  /*
  ** Report the current state of file logs for all databases
  */
  case PragTyp_LOCK_STATUS: {
    static const char *const azLockName[] = {
      "unlocked", "shared", "reserved", "pending", "exclusive"
    };
    int i;
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 2);
    pParse->nMem = 2;
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "database", SQLITE_STATIC);
................................................................................
      }else if( sqlite3_file_control(db, i ? db->aDb[i].zName : 0, 
                                     SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE, &j)==SQLITE_OK ){
         zState = azLockName[j];
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 2, 0, zState, P4_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 2);
    }
    break;
  }

#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_HAS_CODEC
  case PragTyp_KEY: {
    if( zRight ) sqlite3_key_v2(db, zDb, zRight, sqlite3Strlen30(zRight));
    break;

  }
  case PragTyp_REKEY: {
    if( zRight ) sqlite3_rekey_v2(db, zDb, zRight, sqlite3Strlen30(zRight));

    break;

  }
  case PragTyp_HEXKEY: {
    if( zRight ){
      u8 iByte;
      int i;
      char zKey[40];



      for(i=0, iByte=0; i<sizeof(zKey)*2 && sqlite3Isxdigit(zRight[i]); i++){
        iByte = (iByte<<4) + sqlite3HexToInt(zRight[i]);
        if( (i&1)!=0 ) zKey[i/2] = iByte;
      }
      if( (zLeft[3] & 0xf)==0xb ){
        sqlite3_key_v2(db, zDb, zKey, i/2);
      }else{
        sqlite3_rekey_v2(db, zDb, zKey, i/2);
      }

    }
    break;
  }
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_HAS_CODEC) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_CEROD)

  case PragTyp_ACTIVATE_EXTENSIONS: if( zRight ){
#ifdef SQLITE_HAS_CODEC
    if( sqlite3StrNICmp(zRight, "see-", 4)==0 ){
      sqlite3_activate_see(&zRight[4]);
    }
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_CEROD
    if( sqlite3StrNICmp(zRight, "cerod-", 6)==0 ){
      sqlite3_activate_cerod(&zRight[6]);
    }
#endif

  }
  break;
#endif


  } /* End of the PRAGMA switch */

pragma_out:
  sqlite3DbFree(db, zLeft);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, zRight);
}

#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_PRAGMA */
................................................................................

  pE1 = sqlite3CreateColumnExpr(db, pSrc, iLeft, iColLeft);
  pE2 = sqlite3CreateColumnExpr(db, pSrc, iRight, iColRight);

  pEq = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_EQ, pE1, pE2, 0);
  if( pEq && isOuterJoin ){
    ExprSetProperty(pEq, EP_FromJoin);
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(pEq, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );
    ExprSetVVAProperty(pEq, EP_NoReduce);
    pEq->iRightJoinTable = (i16)pE2->iTable;
  }
  *ppWhere = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, *ppWhere, pEq);
}

/*
** Set the EP_FromJoin property on all terms of the given expression.
................................................................................
** defer the handling of t1.x=5, it will be processed immediately
** after the t1 loop and rows with t1.x!=5 will never appear in
** the output, which is incorrect.
*/
static void setJoinExpr(Expr *p, int iTable){
  while( p ){
    ExprSetProperty(p, EP_FromJoin);
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(p, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );
    ExprSetVVAProperty(p, EP_NoReduce);
    p->iRightJoinTable = (i16)iTable;
    setJoinExpr(p->pLeft, iTable);
    p = p->pRight;
  } 
}

/*
................................................................................
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, pseudoTab, 0);
  }
}

/*
** Return a pointer to a string containing the 'declaration type' of the
** expression pExpr. The string may be treated as static by the caller.
**
** Also try to estimate the size of the returned value and return that
** result in *pEstWidth.
**
** The declaration type is the exact datatype definition extracted from the
** original CREATE TABLE statement if the expression is a column. The
** declaration type for a ROWID field is INTEGER. Exactly when an expression
** is considered a column can be complex in the presence of subqueries. The
** result-set expression in all of the following SELECT statements is 
** considered a column by this function.
................................................................................
**
**   SELECT col FROM tbl;
**   SELECT (SELECT col FROM tbl;
**   SELECT (SELECT col FROM tbl);
**   SELECT abc FROM (SELECT col AS abc FROM tbl);
** 
** The declaration type for any expression other than a column is NULL.
**
** This routine has either 3 or 6 parameters depending on whether or not
** the SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA compile-time option is used.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA
# define columnType(A,B,C,D,E,F) columnTypeImpl(A,B,C,D,E,F)
static const char *columnTypeImpl(
  NameContext *pNC, 
  Expr *pExpr,
  const char **pzOrigDb,
  const char **pzOrigTab,
  const char **pzOrigCol,
  u8 *pEstWidth
){
  char const *zOrigDb = 0;
  char const *zOrigTab = 0;
  char const *zOrigCol = 0;
#else /* if !defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA) */
# define columnType(A,B,C,D,E,F) columnTypeImpl(A,B,F)
static const char *columnTypeImpl(
  NameContext *pNC, 
  Expr *pExpr,
  u8 *pEstWidth
){
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA) */
  char const *zType = 0;
  int j;

  u8 estWidth = 1;

  if( NEVER(pExpr==0) || pNC->pSrcList==0 ) return 0;
  switch( pExpr->op ){
    case TK_AGG_COLUMN:
    case TK_COLUMN: {
      /* The expression is a column. Locate the table the column is being
      ** extracted from in NameContext.pSrcList. This table may be real
      ** database table or a subquery.
      */
................................................................................
          ** test case misc2.2.2) - it always evaluates to NULL.
          */
          NameContext sNC;
          Expr *p = pS->pEList->a[iCol].pExpr;
          sNC.pSrcList = pS->pSrc;
          sNC.pNext = pNC;
          sNC.pParse = pNC->pParse;
          zType = columnType(&sNC, p,&zOrigDb,&zOrigTab,&zOrigCol, &estWidth); 
        }
      }else if( ALWAYS(pTab->pSchema) ){
        /* A real table */
        assert( !pS );
        if( iCol<0 ) iCol = pTab->iPKey;
        assert( iCol==-1 || (iCol>=0 && iCol<pTab->nCol) );
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA
        if( iCol<0 ){
          zType = "INTEGER";
          zOrigCol = "rowid";
        }else{
          zType = pTab->aCol[iCol].zType;
          zOrigCol = pTab->aCol[iCol].zName;
          estWidth = pTab->aCol[iCol].szEst;
        }
        zOrigTab = pTab->zName;
        if( pNC->pParse ){
          int iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(pNC->pParse->db, pTab->pSchema);
          zOrigDb = pNC->pParse->db->aDb[iDb].zName;
        }
#else
        if( iCol<0 ){
          zType = "INTEGER";
        }else{
          zType = pTab->aCol[iCol].zType;
          estWidth = pTab->aCol[iCol].szEst;
        }
#endif
      }
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
    case TK_SELECT: {
      /* The expression is a sub-select. Return the declaration type and
      ** origin info for the single column in the result set of the SELECT
................................................................................
      NameContext sNC;
      Select *pS = pExpr->x.pSelect;
      Expr *p = pS->pEList->a[0].pExpr;
      assert( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );
      sNC.pSrcList = pS->pSrc;
      sNC.pNext = pNC;
      sNC.pParse = pNC->pParse;
      zType = columnType(&sNC, p, &zOrigDb, &zOrigTab, &zOrigCol, &estWidth); 
      break;
    }
#endif
  }

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA  
  if( pzOrigDb ){
    assert( pzOrigTab && pzOrigCol );
    *pzOrigDb = zOrigDb;
    *pzOrigTab = zOrigTab;
    *pzOrigCol = zOrigCol;
  }
#endif
  if( pEstWidth ) *pEstWidth = estWidth;
  return zType;
}

/*
** Generate code that will tell the VDBE the declaration types of columns
** in the result set.
*/
................................................................................
  for(i=0; i<pEList->nExpr; i++){
    Expr *p = pEList->a[i].pExpr;
    const char *zType;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA
    const char *zOrigDb = 0;
    const char *zOrigTab = 0;
    const char *zOrigCol = 0;
    zType = columnType(&sNC, p, &zOrigDb, &zOrigTab, &zOrigCol, 0);

    /* The vdbe must make its own copy of the column-type and other 
    ** column specific strings, in case the schema is reset before this
    ** virtual machine is deleted.
    */
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, i, COLNAME_DATABASE, zOrigDb, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, i, COLNAME_TABLE, zOrigTab, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, i, COLNAME_COLUMN, zOrigCol, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
#else
    zType = columnType(&sNC, p, 0, 0, 0, 0);
#endif
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, i, COLNAME_DECLTYPE, zType, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
  }
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_DECLTYPE) */
}

/*
** Generate code that will tell the VDBE the names of columns
** in the result set.  This information is used to provide the
** azCol[] values in the callback.
*/
................................................................................
** routine goes through and adds the types and collations.
**
** This routine requires that all identifiers in the SELECT
** statement be resolved.
*/
static void selectAddColumnTypeAndCollation(
  Parse *pParse,        /* Parsing contexts */
  Table *pTab,          /* Add column type information to this table */

  Select *pSelect       /* SELECT used to determine types and collations */
){
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  NameContext sNC;
  Column *pCol;
  CollSeq *pColl;
  int i;
  Expr *p;
  struct ExprList_item *a;
  u64 szAll = 0;

  assert( pSelect!=0 );
  assert( (pSelect->selFlags & SF_Resolved)!=0 );
  assert( pTab->nCol==pSelect->pEList->nExpr || db->mallocFailed );
  if( db->mallocFailed ) return;
  memset(&sNC, 0, sizeof(sNC));
  sNC.pSrcList = pSelect->pSrc;
  a = pSelect->pEList->a;
  for(i=0, pCol=pTab->aCol; i<pTab->nCol; i++, pCol++){
    p = a[i].pExpr;
    pCol->zType = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, columnType(&sNC, p,0,0,0, &pCol->szEst));
    szAll += pCol->szEst;
    pCol->affinity = sqlite3ExprAffinity(p);
    if( pCol->affinity==0 ) pCol->affinity = SQLITE_AFF_NONE;
    pColl = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, p);
    if( pColl ){
      pCol->zColl = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pColl->zName);
    }
  }
  pTab->szTabRow = sqlite3LogEst(szAll*4);
}

/*
** Given a SELECT statement, generate a Table structure that describes
** the result set of that SELECT.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE Table *sqlite3ResultSetOfSelect(Parse *pParse, Select *pSelect){
................................................................................
    return 0;
  }
  /* The sqlite3ResultSetOfSelect() is only used n contexts where lookaside
  ** is disabled */
  assert( db->lookaside.bEnabled==0 );
  pTab->nRef = 1;
  pTab->zName = 0;
  pTab->nRowEst = 1048576;
  selectColumnsFromExprList(pParse, pSelect->pEList, &pTab->nCol, &pTab->aCol);
  selectAddColumnTypeAndCollation(pParse, pTab, pSelect);
  pTab->iPKey = -1;
  if( db->mallocFailed ){
    sqlite3DeleteTable(db, pTab);
    return 0;
  }
  return pTab;
}
................................................................................
      /* A sub-query in the FROM clause of a SELECT */
      assert( pSel!=0 );
      assert( pFrom->pTab==0 );
      sqlite3WalkSelect(pWalker, pSel);
      pFrom->pTab = pTab = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(Table));
      if( pTab==0 ) return WRC_Abort;
      pTab->nRef = 1;
      pTab->zName = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "sqlite_sq_%p", (void*)pTab);
      while( pSel->pPrior ){ pSel = pSel->pPrior; }
      selectColumnsFromExprList(pParse, pSel->pEList, &pTab->nCol, &pTab->aCol);
      pTab->iPKey = -1;
      pTab->nRowEst = 1048576;
      pTab->tabFlags |= TF_Ephemeral;
#endif
    }else{
      /* An ordinary table or view name in the FROM clause */
      assert( pFrom->pTab==0 );
      pFrom->pTab = pTab = sqlite3LocateTableItem(pParse, 0, pFrom);
      if( pTab==0 ) return WRC_Abort;
................................................................................
    for(i=0, pFrom=pTabList->a; i<pTabList->nSrc; i++, pFrom++){
      Table *pTab = pFrom->pTab;
      if( ALWAYS(pTab!=0) && (pTab->tabFlags & TF_Ephemeral)!=0 ){
        /* A sub-query in the FROM clause of a SELECT */
        Select *pSel = pFrom->pSelect;
        assert( pSel );
        while( pSel->pPrior ) pSel = pSel->pPrior;
        selectAddColumnTypeAndCollation(pParse, pTab, pSel);
      }
    }
  }
  return WRC_Continue;
}
#endif

................................................................................
        KeyInfo *pKeyInfo = 0;               /* Keyinfo for scanned index */
        Index *pBest = 0;                    /* Best index found so far */
        int iRoot = pTab->tnum;              /* Root page of scanned b-tree */

        sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
        sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, pTab->tnum, 0, pTab->zName);

        /* Search for the index that has the lowest scan cost.






        **
        ** (2011-04-15) Do not do a full scan of an unordered index.
        **
        ** (2013-10-03) Do not count the entires in a partial index.
        **
        ** In practice the KeyInfo structure will not be used. It is only 
        ** passed to keep OP_OpenRead happy.
        */
        for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
          if( pIdx->bUnordered==0
           && pIdx->szIdxRow<pTab->szTabRow
           && pIdx->pPartIdxWhere==0
           && (!pBest || pIdx->szIdxRow<pBest->szIdxRow)
          ){
            pBest = pIdx;
          }
        }
        if( pBest ){
          iRoot = pBest->tnum;
          pKeyInfo = sqlite3IndexKeyinfo(pParse, pBest);
        }

        /* Open a read-only cursor, execute the OP_Count, close the cursor. */
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenRead, iCsr, iRoot, iDb);
        if( pKeyInfo ){
................................................................................
        && pTab->pSchema==db->aDb[1].pSchema ){
    iDb = 1;
  }

  /* Ensure the table name matches database name and that the table exists */
  if( db->mallocFailed ) goto trigger_cleanup;
  assert( pTableName->nSrc==1 );
  sqlite3FixInit(&sFix, pParse, iDb, "trigger", pName);
  if( sqlite3FixSrcList(&sFix, pTableName) ){
    goto trigger_cleanup;
  }
  pTab = sqlite3SrcListLookup(pParse, pTableName);
  if( !pTab ){
    /* The table does not exist. */
    if( db->init.iDb==1 ){
      /* Ticket #3810.
................................................................................
  pTrig->step_list = pStepList;
  while( pStepList ){
    pStepList->pTrig = pTrig;
    pStepList = pStepList->pNext;
  }
  nameToken.z = pTrig->zName;
  nameToken.n = sqlite3Strlen30(nameToken.z);
  sqlite3FixInit(&sFix, pParse, iDb, "trigger", &nameToken);
  if( sqlite3FixTriggerStep(&sFix, pTrig->step_list) 
   || sqlite3FixExpr(&sFix, pTrig->pWhen) 
  ){
    goto triggerfinish_cleanup;
  }

  /* if we are not initializing,
  ** build the sqlite_master entry
  */
  if( !db->init.busy ){
................................................................................
    }
  }

  return vacuumFinalize(db, pStmt, pzErrMsg);
}

/*
** The VACUUM command is used to clean up the database,
** collapse free space, etc.  It is modelled after the VACUUM command
** in PostgreSQL.  The VACUUM command works as follows:
**
**   (1)  Create a new transient database file
**   (2)  Copy all content from the database being vacuumed into
**        the new transient database file
**   (3)  Copy content from the transient database back into the
**        original database.
**
** The transient database requires temporary disk space approximately
** equal to the size of the original database.  The copy operation of
** step (3) requires additional temporary disk space approximately equal
** to the size of the original database for the rollback journal.
** Hence, temporary disk space that is approximately 2x the size of the
** orginal database is required.  Every page of the database is written
** approximately 3 times:  Once for step (2) and twice for step (3).
** Two writes per page are required in step (3) because the original
** database content must be written into the rollback journal prior to
** overwriting the database with the vacuumed content.
**
** Only 1x temporary space and only 1x writes would be required if
** the copy of step (3) were replace by deleting the original database
** and renaming the transient database as the original.  But that will
** not work if other processes are attached to the original database.
** And a power loss in between deleting the original and renaming the
** transient would cause the database file to appear to be deleted
** following reboot.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Vacuum(Parse *pParse){
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Vacuum, 0, 0);
    sqlite3VdbeUsesBtree(v, 0);
  }
................................................................................
typedef struct WherePath WherePath;
typedef struct WhereTerm WhereTerm;
typedef struct WhereLoopBuilder WhereLoopBuilder;
typedef struct WhereScan WhereScan;
typedef struct WhereOrCost WhereOrCost;
typedef struct WhereOrSet WhereOrSet;




















/*
** This object contains information needed to implement a single nested
** loop in WHERE clause.
**
** Contrast this object with WhereLoop.  This object describes the
** implementation of the loop.  WhereLoop describes the algorithm.
** This object contains a pointer to the WhereLoop algorithm as one of
................................................................................
  Bitmask prereq;       /* Bitmask of other loops that must run first */
  Bitmask maskSelf;     /* Bitmask identifying table iTab */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  char cId;             /* Symbolic ID of this loop for debugging use */
#endif
  u8 iTab;              /* Position in FROM clause of table for this loop */
  u8 iSortIdx;          /* Sorting index number.  0==None */
  LogEst rSetup;        /* One-time setup cost (ex: create transient index) */
  LogEst rRun;          /* Cost of running each loop */
  LogEst nOut;          /* Estimated number of output rows */
  union {
    struct {               /* Information for internal btree tables */
      int nEq;               /* Number of equality constraints */
      Index *pIndex;         /* Index used, or NULL */
    } btree;
    struct {               /* Information for virtual tables */
      int idxNum;            /* Index number */
................................................................................

/* This object holds the prerequisites and the cost of running a
** subquery on one operand of an OR operator in the WHERE clause.
** See WhereOrSet for additional information 
*/
struct WhereOrCost {
  Bitmask prereq;     /* Prerequisites */
  LogEst rRun;        /* Cost of running this subquery */
  LogEst nOut;        /* Number of outputs for this subquery */
};

/* The WhereOrSet object holds a set of possible WhereOrCosts that
** correspond to the subquery(s) of OR-clause processing.  Only the
** best N_OR_COST elements are retained.
*/
#define N_OR_COST 3
................................................................................
** of length 2.  And so forth until the length of WherePaths equals the
** number of nodes in the FROM clause.  The best (lowest cost) WherePath
** at the end is the choosen query plan.
*/
struct WherePath {
  Bitmask maskLoop;     /* Bitmask of all WhereLoop objects in this path */
  Bitmask revLoop;      /* aLoop[]s that should be reversed for ORDER BY */
  LogEst nRow;          /* Estimated number of rows generated by this path */
  LogEst rCost;         /* Total cost of this path */
  u8 isOrdered;         /* True if this path satisfies ORDER BY */
  u8 isOrderedValid;    /* True if the isOrdered field is valid */
  WhereLoop **aLoop;    /* Array of WhereLoop objects implementing this path */
};

/*
** The query generator uses an array of instances of this structure to
................................................................................
  int iParent;            /* Disable pWC->a[iParent] when this term disabled */
  int leftCursor;         /* Cursor number of X in "X <op> <expr>" */
  union {
    int leftColumn;         /* Column number of X in "X <op> <expr>" */
    WhereOrInfo *pOrInfo;   /* Extra information if (eOperator & WO_OR)!=0 */
    WhereAndInfo *pAndInfo; /* Extra information if (eOperator& WO_AND)!=0 */
  } u;
  LogEst truthProb;       /* Probability of truth for this expression */
  u16 eOperator;          /* A WO_xx value describing <op> */
  u8 wtFlags;             /* TERM_xxx bit flags.  See below */
  u8 nChild;              /* Number of children that must disable us */
  WhereClause *pWC;       /* The clause this term is part of */
  Bitmask prereqRight;    /* Bitmask of tables used by pExpr->pRight */
  Bitmask prereqAll;      /* Bitmask of tables referenced by pExpr */
};
................................................................................
struct WhereInfo {
  Parse *pParse;            /* Parsing and code generating context */
  SrcList *pTabList;        /* List of tables in the join */
  ExprList *pOrderBy;       /* The ORDER BY clause or NULL */
  ExprList *pResultSet;     /* Result set. DISTINCT operates on these */
  WhereLoop *pLoops;        /* List of all WhereLoop objects */
  Bitmask revMask;          /* Mask of ORDER BY terms that need reversing */
  LogEst nRowOut;           /* Estimated number of output rows */
  u16 wctrlFlags;           /* Flags originally passed to sqlite3WhereBegin() */
  u8 bOBSat;                /* ORDER BY satisfied by indices */
  u8 okOnePass;             /* Ok to use one-pass algorithm for UPDATE/DELETE */
  u8 untestedTerms;         /* Not all WHERE terms resolved by outer loop */
  u8 eDistinct;             /* One of the WHERE_DISTINCT_* values below */
  u8 nLevel;                /* Number of nested loop */
  int iTop;                 /* The very beginning of the WHERE loop */
................................................................................
#define WHERE_INDEXED      0x00000200  /* WhereLoop.u.btree.pIndex is valid */
#define WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE 0x00000400  /* WhereLoop.u.vtab is valid */
#define WHERE_IN_ABLE      0x00000800  /* Able to support an IN operator */
#define WHERE_ONEROW       0x00001000  /* Selects no more than one row */
#define WHERE_MULTI_OR     0x00002000  /* OR using multiple indices */
#define WHERE_AUTO_INDEX   0x00004000  /* Uses an ephemeral index */
















/*
** Return the estimated number of output rows from a WHERE clause
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE u64 sqlite3WhereOutputRowCount(WhereInfo *pWInfo){
  return sqlite3LogEstToInt(pWInfo->nRowOut);
}

/*
** Return one of the WHERE_DISTINCT_xxxxx values to indicate how this
** WHERE clause returns outputs for DISTINCT processing.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WhereIsDistinct(WhereInfo *pWInfo){
................................................................................
** The new entry might overwrite an existing entry, or it might be
** appended, or it might be discarded.  Do whatever is the right thing
** so that pSet keeps the N_OR_COST best entries seen so far.
*/
static int whereOrInsert(
  WhereOrSet *pSet,      /* The WhereOrSet to be updated */
  Bitmask prereq,        /* Prerequisites of the new entry */
  LogEst rRun,           /* Run-cost of the new entry */
  LogEst nOut            /* Number of outputs for the new entry */
){
  u16 i;
  WhereOrCost *p;
  for(i=pSet->n, p=pSet->a; i>0; i--, p++){
    if( rRun<=p->rRun && (prereq & p->prereq)==prereq ){
      goto whereOrInsert_done;
    }
................................................................................
    memcpy(pWC->a, pOld, sizeof(pWC->a[0])*pWC->nTerm);
    if( pOld!=pWC->aStatic ){
      sqlite3DbFree(db, pOld);
    }
    pWC->nSlot = sqlite3DbMallocSize(db, pWC->a)/sizeof(pWC->a[0]);
  }
  pTerm = &pWC->a[idx = pWC->nTerm++];
  if( p && ExprHasProperty(p, EP_Unlikely) ){
    pTerm->truthProb = sqlite3LogEst(p->iTable) - 99;
  }else{
    pTerm->truthProb = -1;
  }
  pTerm->pExpr = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(p);
  pTerm->wtFlags = wtFlags;
  pTerm->pWC = pWC;
  pTerm->iParent = -1;
  return idx;
}

................................................................................
      return 1;
    }
  }

  return 0;
}






























/*



































** Estimate the logarithm of the input value to base 2.
*/


static LogEst estLog(LogEst N){
  LogEst x = sqlite3LogEst(N);
  return x>33 ? x - 33 : 0;
}

/*
** Two routines for printing the content of an sqlite3_index_info
** structure.  Used for testing and debugging only.  If neither
** SQLITE_TEST or SQLITE_DEBUG are defined, then these routines
................................................................................
  IndexSample *aSample = pIdx->aSample;
  int iCol;                   /* Index of required stats in anEq[] etc. */
  int iMin = 0;               /* Smallest sample not yet tested */
  int i = pIdx->nSample;      /* Smallest sample larger than or equal to pRec */
  int iTest;                  /* Next sample to test */
  int res;                    /* Result of comparison operation */

#ifndef SQLITE_DEBUG
  UNUSED_PARAMETER( pParse );
#endif
  assert( pRec!=0 || pParse->db->mallocFailed );
  if( pRec==0 ) return;
  iCol = pRec->nField - 1;
  assert( pIdx->nSample>0 );
  assert( pRec->nField>0 && iCol<pIdx->nSampleCol );
  do{
    iTest = (iMin+i)/2;
................................................................................
** then nEq is set to 1 (as the range restricted column, b, is the second 
** left-most column of the index). Or, if the query is:
**
**   ... FROM t1 WHERE a > ? AND a < ? ...
**
** then nEq is set to 0.
**
** When this function is called, *pnOut is set to the sqlite3LogEst() of the
** number of rows that the index scan is expected to visit without 
** considering the range constraints. If nEq is 0, this is the number of 
** rows in the index. Assuming no error occurs, *pnOut is adjusted (reduced)
** to account for the range contraints pLower and pUpper.
** 
** In the absence of sqlite_stat4 ANALYZE data, or if such data cannot be
** used, each range inequality reduces the search space by a factor of 4. 
................................................................................
** rows visited by a factor of 16.
*/
static int whereRangeScanEst(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Parsing & code generating context */
  WhereLoopBuilder *pBuilder,
  WhereTerm *pLower,   /* Lower bound on the range. ex: "x>123" Might be NULL */
  WhereTerm *pUpper,   /* Upper bound on the range. ex: "x<455" Might be NULL */
  WhereLoop *pLoop     /* Modify the .nOut and maybe .rRun fields */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  int nOut = pLoop->nOut;
  LogEst nNew;

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  Index *p = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex;
  int nEq = pLoop->u.btree.nEq;

  if( p->nSample>0
   && nEq==pBuilder->nRecValid
   && nEq<p->nSampleCol
   && OptimizationEnabled(pParse->db, SQLITE_Stat3) 
  ){
    UnpackedRecord *pRec = pBuilder->pRec;
................................................................................
      assert( (pLower->eOperator & (WO_GT|WO_GE))!=0 );
      rc = sqlite3Stat4ProbeSetValue(pParse, p, &pRec, pExpr, aff, nEq, &bOk);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK && bOk ){
        tRowcnt iNew;
        whereKeyStats(pParse, p, pRec, 0, a);
        iNew = a[0] + ((pLower->eOperator & WO_GT) ? a[1] : 0);
        if( iNew>iLower ) iLower = iNew;
        nOut--;
      }
    }

    /* If possible, improve on the iUpper estimate using ($P:$U). */
    if( pUpper ){
      int bOk;                    /* True if value is extracted from pExpr */
      Expr *pExpr = pUpper->pExpr->pRight;
................................................................................
      assert( (pUpper->eOperator & (WO_LT|WO_LE))!=0 );
      rc = sqlite3Stat4ProbeSetValue(pParse, p, &pRec, pExpr, aff, nEq, &bOk);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK && bOk ){
        tRowcnt iNew;
        whereKeyStats(pParse, p, pRec, 1, a);
        iNew = a[0] + ((pUpper->eOperator & WO_LE) ? a[1] : 0);
        if( iNew<iUpper ) iUpper = iNew;
        nOut--;
      }
    }

    pBuilder->pRec = pRec;
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){

      if( iUpper>iLower ){
        nNew = sqlite3LogEst(iUpper - iLower);
      }else{
        nNew = 10;        assert( 10==sqlite3LogEst(2) );
      }
      if( nNew<nOut ){
        nOut = nNew;
      }
      pLoop->nOut = (LogEst)nOut;
      WHERETRACE(0x100, ("range scan regions: %u..%u  est=%d\n",
                         (u32)iLower, (u32)iUpper, nOut));
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
  }
#else
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pParse);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pBuilder);
#endif
  assert( pLower || pUpper );
  /* TUNING:  Each inequality constraint reduces the search space 4-fold.
  ** A BETWEEN operator, therefore, reduces the search space 16-fold */
  nNew = nOut;
  if( pLower && (pLower->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL)==0 ){
    nNew -= 20;        assert( 20==sqlite3LogEst(4) );
    nOut--;
  }
  if( pUpper ){
    nNew -= 20;        assert( 20==sqlite3LogEst(4) );
    nOut--;
  }


  if( nNew<10 ) nNew = 10;
  if( nNew<nOut ) nOut = nNew;
  pLoop->nOut = (LogEst)nOut;
  return rc;
}

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
/*
** Estimate the number of rows that will be returned based on
** an equality constraint x=VALUE and where that VALUE occurs in
................................................................................
    ){
      /* This branch taken when p is equal or better than pTemplate in 
      ** all of (1) dependencies (2) setup-cost, (3) run-cost, and
      ** (4) number of output rows. */
      assert( p->rSetup==pTemplate->rSetup );
      if( p->prereq==pTemplate->prereq
       && p->nLTerm<pTemplate->nLTerm

       && (p->wsFlags & pTemplate->wsFlags & WHERE_INDEXED)!=0
       && (p->u.btree.pIndex==pTemplate->u.btree.pIndex
          || pTemplate->rRun+p->nLTerm<=p->rRun+pTemplate->nLTerm)
      ){
        /* Overwrite an existing WhereLoop with an similar one that uses
        ** more terms of the index */
        pNext = p->pNextLoop;
        break;
      }else{
        /* pTemplate is not helpful.
................................................................................
        ** Return without changing or adding anything */
        goto whereLoopInsert_noop;
      }
    }
    if( (p->prereq & pTemplate->prereq)==pTemplate->prereq
     && p->rRun>=pTemplate->rRun
     && p->nOut>=pTemplate->nOut

    ){
      /* Overwrite an existing WhereLoop with a better one: one that is
      ** better at one of (1) dependencies, (2) setup-cost, (3) run-cost
      ** or (4) number of output rows, and is no worse in any of those
      ** categories. */
      assert( p->rSetup>=pTemplate->rSetup ); /* SETUP-INVARIANT above */
      pNext = p->pNextLoop;
      break;
    }
  }

  /* If we reach this point it means that either p[] should be overwritten
  ** with pTemplate[] if p[] exists, or if p==NULL then allocate a new
................................................................................
  if( sqlite3WhereTrace & 0x8 ){
    sqlite3DebugPrintf("ins-noop: ");
    whereLoopPrint(pTemplate, pWInfo->pTabList);
  }
#endif
  return SQLITE_OK;  
}

/*
** Adjust the WhereLoop.nOut value downward to account for terms of the
** WHERE clause that reference the loop but which are not used by an
** index.
**
** In the current implementation, the first extra WHERE clause term reduces
** the number of output rows by a factor of 10 and each additional term
** reduces the number of output rows by sqrt(2).
*/
static void whereLoopOutputAdjust(WhereClause *pWC, WhereLoop *pLoop){
  WhereTerm *pTerm, *pX;
  Bitmask notAllowed = ~(pLoop->prereq|pLoop->maskSelf);
  int i, j;

  if( !OptimizationEnabled(pWC->pWInfo->pParse->db, SQLITE_AdjustOutEst) ){
    return;
  }
  for(i=pWC->nTerm, pTerm=pWC->a; i>0; i--, pTerm++){
    if( (pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL)!=0 ) break;
    if( (pTerm->prereqAll & pLoop->maskSelf)==0 ) continue;
    if( (pTerm->prereqAll & notAllowed)!=0 ) continue;
    for(j=pLoop->nLTerm-1; j>=0; j--){
      pX = pLoop->aLTerm[j];
      if( pX==pTerm ) break;
      if( pX->iParent>=0 && (&pWC->a[pX->iParent])==pTerm ) break;
    }
    if( j<0 ) pLoop->nOut += pTerm->truthProb;
  }
}

/*
** We have so far matched pBuilder->pNew->u.btree.nEq terms of the index pIndex.
** Try to match one more.
**
** If pProbe->tnum==0, that means pIndex is a fake index used for the
** INTEGER PRIMARY KEY.
*/
static int whereLoopAddBtreeIndex(
  WhereLoopBuilder *pBuilder,     /* The WhereLoop factory */
  struct SrcList_item *pSrc,      /* FROM clause term being analyzed */
  Index *pProbe,                  /* An index on pSrc */
  LogEst nInMul                   /* log(Number of iterations due to IN) */
){
  WhereInfo *pWInfo = pBuilder->pWInfo;  /* WHERE analyse context */
  Parse *pParse = pWInfo->pParse;        /* Parsing context */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;       /* Database connection malloc context */
  WhereLoop *pNew;                /* Template WhereLoop under construction */
  WhereTerm *pTerm;               /* A WhereTerm under consideration */
  int opMask;                     /* Valid operators for constraints */
  WhereScan scan;                 /* Iterator for WHERE terms */
  Bitmask saved_prereq;           /* Original value of pNew->prereq */
  u16 saved_nLTerm;               /* Original value of pNew->nLTerm */
  int saved_nEq;                  /* Original value of pNew->u.btree.nEq */
  u32 saved_wsFlags;              /* Original value of pNew->wsFlags */
  LogEst saved_nOut;              /* Original value of pNew->nOut */
  int iCol;                       /* Index of the column in the table */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return code */
  LogEst nRowEst;                 /* Estimated index selectivity */
  LogEst rLogSize;                /* Logarithm of table size */
  WhereTerm *pTop = 0, *pBtm = 0; /* Top and bottom range constraints */

  pNew = pBuilder->pNew;
  if( db->mallocFailed ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;

  assert( (pNew->wsFlags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)==0 );
  assert( (pNew->wsFlags & WHERE_TOP_LIMIT)==0 );
................................................................................
    opMask = WO_EQ|WO_IN|WO_ISNULL|WO_GT|WO_GE|WO_LT|WO_LE;
  }
  if( pProbe->bUnordered ) opMask &= ~(WO_GT|WO_GE|WO_LT|WO_LE);

  assert( pNew->u.btree.nEq<=pProbe->nColumn );
  if( pNew->u.btree.nEq < pProbe->nColumn ){
    iCol = pProbe->aiColumn[pNew->u.btree.nEq];
    nRowEst = sqlite3LogEst(pProbe->aiRowEst[pNew->u.btree.nEq+1]);
    if( nRowEst==0 && pProbe->onError==OE_None ) nRowEst = 1;
  }else{
    iCol = -1;
    nRowEst = 0;
  }
  pTerm = whereScanInit(&scan, pBuilder->pWC, pSrc->iCursor, iCol,
                        opMask, pProbe);
  saved_nEq = pNew->u.btree.nEq;
  saved_nLTerm = pNew->nLTerm;
  saved_wsFlags = pNew->wsFlags;
  saved_prereq = pNew->prereq;
  saved_nOut = pNew->nOut;
  pNew->rSetup = 0;
  rLogSize = estLog(sqlite3LogEst(pProbe->aiRowEst[0]));
  for(; rc==SQLITE_OK && pTerm!=0; pTerm = whereScanNext(&scan)){
    int nIn = 0;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
    int nRecValid = pBuilder->nRecValid;
#endif
    if( (pTerm->eOperator==WO_ISNULL || (pTerm->wtFlags&TERM_VNULL)!=0)
     && (iCol<0 || pSrc->pTab->aCol[iCol].notNull)
................................................................................
    pNew->prereq = (saved_prereq | pTerm->prereqRight) & ~pNew->maskSelf;
    pNew->rRun = rLogSize; /* Baseline cost is log2(N).  Adjustments below */
    if( pTerm->eOperator & WO_IN ){
      Expr *pExpr = pTerm->pExpr;
      pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_COLUMN_IN;
      if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
        /* "x IN (SELECT ...)":  TUNING: the SELECT returns 25 rows */
        nIn = 46;  assert( 46==sqlite3LogEst(25) );
      }else if( ALWAYS(pExpr->x.pList && pExpr->x.pList->nExpr) ){
        /* "x IN (value, value, ...)" */
        nIn = sqlite3LogEst(pExpr->x.pList->nExpr);
      }
      pNew->rRun += nIn;
      pNew->u.btree.nEq++;
      pNew->nOut = nRowEst + nInMul + nIn;
    }else if( pTerm->eOperator & (WO_EQ) ){
      assert( (pNew->wsFlags & (WHERE_COLUMN_NULL|WHERE_COLUMN_IN))!=0
                  || nInMul==0 );
................................................................................
      }
      pNew->u.btree.nEq++;
      pNew->nOut = nRowEst + nInMul;
    }else if( pTerm->eOperator & (WO_ISNULL) ){
      pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_COLUMN_NULL;
      pNew->u.btree.nEq++;
      /* TUNING: IS NULL selects 2 rows */
      nIn = 10;  assert( 10==sqlite3LogEst(2) );
      pNew->nOut = nRowEst + nInMul + nIn;
    }else if( pTerm->eOperator & (WO_GT|WO_GE) ){
      testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_GT );
      testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_GE );
      pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_COLUMN_RANGE|WHERE_BTM_LIMIT;
      pBtm = pTerm;
      pTop = 0;
................................................................................
      pTop = pTerm;
      pBtm = (pNew->wsFlags & WHERE_BTM_LIMIT)!=0 ?
                     pNew->aLTerm[pNew->nLTerm-2] : 0;
    }
    if( pNew->wsFlags & WHERE_COLUMN_RANGE ){
      /* Adjust nOut and rRun for STAT3 range values */
      assert( pNew->nOut==saved_nOut );
      whereRangeScanEst(pParse, pBuilder, pBtm, pTop, pNew);
    }
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
    if( nInMul==0 
     && pProbe->nSample 
     && pNew->u.btree.nEq<=pProbe->nSampleCol
     && OptimizationEnabled(db, SQLITE_Stat3) 
    ){
................................................................................
        rc = whereEqualScanEst(pParse, pBuilder, pExpr->pRight, &nOut);
      }else if( (pTerm->eOperator & WO_IN)
             &&  !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect)  ){
        rc = whereInScanEst(pParse, pBuilder, pExpr->x.pList, &nOut);
      }
      assert( nOut==0 || rc==SQLITE_OK );
      if( nOut ){
        pNew->nOut = sqlite3LogEst(nOut);
        if( pNew->nOut>saved_nOut ) pNew->nOut = saved_nOut;
      }
    }
#endif
    if( (pNew->wsFlags & (WHERE_IDX_ONLY|WHERE_IPK))==0 ){
      /* Each row involves a step of the index, then a binary search of
      ** the main table */
      pNew->rRun =  sqlite3LogEstAdd(pNew->rRun,rLogSize>27 ? rLogSize-17 : 10);
    }
    /* Step cost for each output row */
    pNew->rRun = sqlite3LogEstAdd(pNew->rRun, pNew->nOut);
    whereLoopOutputAdjust(pBuilder->pWC, pNew);
    rc = whereLoopInsert(pBuilder, pNew);
    if( (pNew->wsFlags & WHERE_TOP_LIMIT)==0
     && pNew->u.btree.nEq<(pProbe->nColumn + (pProbe->zName!=0))
    ){
      whereLoopAddBtreeIndex(pBuilder, pSrc, pProbe, nInMul+nIn);
    }
    pNew->nOut = saved_nOut;
................................................................................
  int aiColumnPk = -1;        /* The aColumn[] value for the sPk index */
  SrcList *pTabList;          /* The FROM clause */
  struct SrcList_item *pSrc;  /* The FROM clause btree term to add */
  WhereLoop *pNew;            /* Template WhereLoop object */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;         /* Return code */
  int iSortIdx = 1;           /* Index number */
  int b;                      /* A boolean value */
  LogEst rSize;               /* number of rows in the table */
  LogEst rLogSize;            /* Logarithm of the number of rows in the table */
  WhereClause *pWC;           /* The parsed WHERE clause */
  Table *pTab;                /* Table being queried */
  
  pNew = pBuilder->pNew;
  pWInfo = pBuilder->pWInfo;
  pTabList = pWInfo->pTabList;
  pSrc = pTabList->a + pNew->iTab;
  pTab = pSrc->pTab;
  pWC = pBuilder->pWC;
  assert( !IsVirtual(pSrc->pTab) );

  if( pSrc->pIndex ){
    /* An INDEXED BY clause specifies a particular index to use */
    pProbe = pSrc->pIndex;
  }else{
................................................................................
    ** indices to follow */
    Index *pFirst;                  /* First of real indices on the table */
    memset(&sPk, 0, sizeof(Index));
    sPk.nColumn = 1;
    sPk.aiColumn = &aiColumnPk;
    sPk.aiRowEst = aiRowEstPk;
    sPk.onError = OE_Replace;
    sPk.pTable = pTab;
    aiRowEstPk[0] = pTab->nRowEst;
    aiRowEstPk[1] = 1;
    pFirst = pSrc->pTab->pIndex;
    if( pSrc->notIndexed==0 ){
      /* The real indices of the table are only considered if the
      ** NOT INDEXED qualifier is omitted from the FROM clause */
      sPk.pNext = pFirst;
    }
    pProbe = &sPk;
  }
  rSize = sqlite3LogEst(pTab->nRowEst);
  rLogSize = estLog(rSize);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOMATIC_INDEX
  /* Automatic indexes */
  if( !pBuilder->pOrSet
   && (pWInfo->pParse->db->flags & SQLITE_AutoIndex)!=0
   && pSrc->pIndex==0
................................................................................
        pNew->u.btree.nEq = 1;
        pNew->u.btree.pIndex = 0;
        pNew->nLTerm = 1;
        pNew->aLTerm[0] = pTerm;
        /* TUNING: One-time cost for computing the automatic index is
        ** approximately 7*N*log2(N) where N is the number of rows in
        ** the table being indexed. */
        pNew->rSetup = rLogSize + rSize + 28;  assert( 28==sqlite3LogEst(7) );
        /* TUNING: Each index lookup yields 20 rows in the table.  This
        ** is more than the usual guess of 10 rows, since we have no way
        ** of knowning how selective the index will ultimately be.  It would
        ** not be unreasonable to make this value much larger. */
        pNew->nOut = 43;  assert( 43==sqlite3LogEst(20) );
        pNew->rRun = sqlite3LogEstAdd(rLogSize,pNew->nOut);
        pNew->wsFlags = WHERE_AUTO_INDEX;
        pNew->prereq = mExtra | pTerm->prereqRight;
        rc = whereLoopInsert(pBuilder, pNew);
      }
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOMATIC_INDEX */
................................................................................
      /* Integer primary key index */
      pNew->wsFlags = WHERE_IPK;

      /* Full table scan */
      pNew->iSortIdx = b ? iSortIdx : 0;
      /* TUNING: Cost of full table scan is 3*(N + log2(N)).
      **  +  The extra 3 factor is to encourage the use of indexed lookups
      **     over full scans.  FIXME */
      pNew->rRun = sqlite3LogEstAdd(rSize,rLogSize) + 16;
      whereLoopOutputAdjust(pWC, pNew);
      rc = whereLoopInsert(pBuilder, pNew);
      pNew->nOut = rSize;
      if( rc ) break;
    }else{
      Bitmask m = pSrc->colUsed & ~columnsInIndex(pProbe);
      pNew->wsFlags = (m==0) ? (WHERE_IDX_ONLY|WHERE_INDEXED) : WHERE_INDEXED;

      /* Full scan via index */
      if( b
       || ( m==0
         && pProbe->bUnordered==0
         && pProbe->szIdxRow<pTab->szTabRow
         && (pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED)==0
         && sqlite3GlobalConfig.bUseCis
         && OptimizationEnabled(pWInfo->pParse->db, SQLITE_CoverIdxScan)
          )
      ){
        pNew->iSortIdx = b ? iSortIdx : 0;
        if( m==0 ){
          /* TUNING: Cost of a covering index scan is K*(N + log2(N)).
          **  +  The extra factor K of between 1.1 and 3.0 that depends
          **     on the relative sizes of the table and the index.  K
          **     is smaller for smaller indices, thus favoring them.
          */



          pNew->rRun = sqlite3LogEstAdd(rSize,rLogSize) + 1 +
                        (15*pProbe->szIdxRow)/pTab->szTabRow;
        }else{
          assert( b!=0 ); 
          /* TUNING: Cost of scanning a non-covering index is (N+1)*log2(N)
          ** which we will simplify to just N*log2(N) */
          pNew->rRun = rSize + rLogSize;
        }
        whereLoopOutputAdjust(pWC, pNew);
        rc = whereLoopInsert(pBuilder, pNew);
        pNew->nOut = rSize;
        if( rc ) break;
      }
    }

    rc = whereLoopAddBtreeIndex(pBuilder, pSrc, pProbe, 0);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
    sqlite3Stat4ProbeFree(pBuilder->pRec);
................................................................................
      pNew->u.vtab.idxNum = pIdxInfo->idxNum;
      pNew->u.vtab.needFree = pIdxInfo->needToFreeIdxStr;
      pIdxInfo->needToFreeIdxStr = 0;
      pNew->u.vtab.idxStr = pIdxInfo->idxStr;
      pNew->u.vtab.isOrdered = (u8)((pIdxInfo->nOrderBy!=0)
                                     && pIdxInfo->orderByConsumed);
      pNew->rSetup = 0;
      pNew->rRun = sqlite3LogEstFromDouble(pIdxInfo->estimatedCost);
      /* TUNING: Every virtual table query returns 25 rows */
      pNew->nOut = 46;  assert( 46==sqlite3LogEst(25) );
      whereLoopInsert(pBuilder, pNew);
      if( pNew->u.vtab.needFree ){
        sqlite3_free(pNew->u.vtab.idxStr);
        pNew->u.vtab.needFree = 0;
      }
    }
  }  
................................................................................
  struct SrcList_item *pItem;
  
  pWC = pBuilder->pWC;
  if( pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_AND_ONLY ) return SQLITE_OK;
  pWCEnd = pWC->a + pWC->nTerm;
  pNew = pBuilder->pNew;
  memset(&sSum, 0, sizeof(sSum));
  pItem = pWInfo->pTabList->a + pNew->iTab;
  iCur = pItem->iCursor;

  for(pTerm=pWC->a; pTerm<pWCEnd && rc==SQLITE_OK; pTerm++){
    if( (pTerm->eOperator & WO_OR)!=0
     && (pTerm->u.pOrInfo->indexable & pNew->maskSelf)!=0 
    ){
      WhereClause * const pOrWC = &pTerm->u.pOrInfo->wc;
      WhereTerm * const pOrWCEnd = &pOrWC->a[pOrWC->nTerm];
      WhereTerm *pOrTerm;
      int once = 1;
      int i, j;
    


      sSubBuild = *pBuilder;
      sSubBuild.pOrderBy = 0;
      sSubBuild.pOrSet = &sCur;

      for(pOrTerm=pOrWC->a; pOrTerm<pOrWCEnd; pOrTerm++){
        if( (pOrTerm->eOperator & WO_AND)!=0 ){
          sSubBuild.pWC = &pOrTerm->u.pAndInfo->wc;
................................................................................
          once = 0;
        }else{
          whereOrMove(&sPrev, &sSum);
          sSum.n = 0;
          for(i=0; i<sPrev.n; i++){
            for(j=0; j<sCur.n; j++){
              whereOrInsert(&sSum, sPrev.a[i].prereq | sCur.a[j].prereq,
                            sqlite3LogEstAdd(sPrev.a[i].rRun, sCur.a[j].rRun),
                            sqlite3LogEstAdd(sPrev.a[i].nOut, sCur.a[j].nOut));
            }
          }
        }
      }
      pNew->nLTerm = 1;
      pNew->aLTerm[0] = pTerm;
      pNew->wsFlags = WHERE_MULTI_OR;
................................................................................
** Assume that the total number of output rows that will need to be sorted
** will be nRowEst (in the 10*log2 representation).  Or, ignore sorting
** costs if nRowEst==0.
**
** Return SQLITE_OK on success or SQLITE_NOMEM of a memory allocation
** error occurs.
*/
static int wherePathSolver(WhereInfo *pWInfo, LogEst nRowEst){
  int mxChoice;             /* Maximum number of simultaneous paths tracked */
  int nLoop;                /* Number of terms in the join */
  Parse *pParse;            /* Parsing context */
  sqlite3 *db;              /* The database connection */
  int iLoop;                /* Loop counter over the terms of the join */
  int ii, jj;               /* Loop counters */
  int mxI = 0;              /* Index of next entry to replace */
  LogEst rCost;             /* Cost of a path */
  LogEst nOut;              /* Number of outputs */
  LogEst mxCost = 0;        /* Maximum cost of a set of paths */
  LogEst mxOut = 0;         /* Maximum nOut value on the set of paths */
  LogEst rSortCost;         /* Cost to do a sort */
  int nTo, nFrom;           /* Number of valid entries in aTo[] and aFrom[] */
  WherePath *aFrom;         /* All nFrom paths at the previous level */
  WherePath *aTo;           /* The nTo best paths at the current level */
  WherePath *pFrom;         /* An element of aFrom[] that we are working on */
  WherePath *pTo;           /* An element of aTo[] that we are working on */
  WhereLoop *pWLoop;        /* One of the WhereLoop objects */
  WhereLoop **pX;           /* Used to divy up the pSpace memory */
................................................................................
  }

  /* Seed the search with a single WherePath containing zero WhereLoops.
  **
  ** TUNING: Do not let the number of iterations go above 25.  If the cost
  ** of computing an automatic index is not paid back within the first 25
  ** rows, then do not use the automatic index. */
  aFrom[0].nRow = MIN(pParse->nQueryLoop, 46);  assert( 46==sqlite3LogEst(25) );
  nFrom = 1;

  /* Precompute the cost of sorting the final result set, if the caller
  ** to sqlite3WhereBegin() was concerned about sorting */
  rSortCost = 0;
  if( pWInfo->pOrderBy==0 || nRowEst==0 ){
    aFrom[0].isOrderedValid = 1;
  }else{
    /* TUNING: Estimated cost of sorting is 48*N*log2(N) where N is the
    ** number of output rows. The 48 is the expected size of a row to sort. 
    ** FIXME:  compute a better estimate of the 48 multiplier based on the
    ** result set expressions. */
    rSortCost = nRowEst + estLog(nRowEst);
    WHERETRACE(0x002,("---- sort cost=%-3d\n", rSortCost));
  }

  /* Compute successively longer WherePaths using the previous generation
  ** of WherePaths as the basis for the next.  Keep track of the mxChoice
  ** best paths at each generation */
................................................................................
        Bitmask revMask = 0;
        u8 isOrderedValid = pFrom->isOrderedValid;
        u8 isOrdered = pFrom->isOrdered;
        if( (pWLoop->prereq & ~pFrom->maskLoop)!=0 ) continue;
        if( (pWLoop->maskSelf & pFrom->maskLoop)!=0 ) continue;
        /* At this point, pWLoop is a candidate to be the next loop. 
        ** Compute its cost */
        rCost = sqlite3LogEstAdd(pWLoop->rSetup,pWLoop->rRun + pFrom->nRow);
        rCost = sqlite3LogEstAdd(rCost, pFrom->rCost);
        nOut = pFrom->nRow + pWLoop->nOut;
        maskNew = pFrom->maskLoop | pWLoop->maskSelf;
        if( !isOrderedValid ){
          switch( wherePathSatisfiesOrderBy(pWInfo,
                       pWInfo->pOrderBy, pFrom, pWInfo->wctrlFlags,
                       iLoop, pWLoop, &revMask) ){
            case 1:  /* Yes.  pFrom+pWLoop does satisfy the ORDER BY clause */
              isOrdered = 1;
              isOrderedValid = 1;
              break;
            case 0:  /* No.  pFrom+pWLoop will require a separate sort */
              isOrdered = 0;
              isOrderedValid = 1;
              rCost = sqlite3LogEstAdd(rCost, rSortCost);
              break;
            default: /* Cannot tell yet.  Try again on the next iteration */
              break;
          }
        }else{
          revMask = pFrom->revLoop;
        }
        /* Check to see if pWLoop should be added to the mxChoice best so far */
        for(jj=0, pTo=aTo; jj<nTo; jj++, pTo++){
          if( pTo->maskLoop==maskNew
           && pTo->isOrderedValid==isOrderedValid
           && ((pTo->rCost<=rCost && pTo->nRow<=nOut) ||
                (pTo->rCost>=rCost && pTo->nRow>=nOut))
          ){
            testcase( jj==nTo-1 );
            break;
          }
        }
        if( jj>=nTo ){
          if( nTo>=mxChoice && rCost>=mxCost ){
#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED
            if( sqlite3WhereTrace&0x4 ){
              sqlite3DebugPrintf("Skip   %s cost=%-3d,%3d order=%c\n",
                  wherePathName(pFrom, iLoop, pWLoop), rCost, nOut,
                  isOrderedValid ? (isOrdered ? 'Y' : 'N') : '?');
            }
#endif
            continue;
          }
          /* Add a new Path to the aTo[] set */
          if( nTo<mxChoice ){
            /* Increase the size of the aTo set by one */
            jj = nTo++;
          }else{
            /* New path replaces the prior worst to keep count below mxChoice */
            jj = mxI;
          }
          pTo = &aTo[jj];
#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED
          if( sqlite3WhereTrace&0x4 ){
            sqlite3DebugPrintf("New    %s cost=%-3d,%3d order=%c\n",
                wherePathName(pFrom, iLoop, pWLoop), rCost, nOut,
                isOrderedValid ? (isOrdered ? 'Y' : 'N') : '?');
          }
#endif
        }else{
          if( pTo->rCost<=rCost && pTo->nRow<=nOut ){
#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED
            if( sqlite3WhereTrace&0x4 ){
              sqlite3DebugPrintf(
                  "Skip   %s cost=%-3d,%3d order=%c",
                  wherePathName(pFrom, iLoop, pWLoop), rCost, nOut,
                  isOrderedValid ? (isOrdered ? 'Y' : 'N') : '?');
              sqlite3DebugPrintf("   vs %s cost=%-3d,%d order=%c\n",
                  wherePathName(pTo, iLoop+1, 0), pTo->rCost, pTo->nRow,
                  pTo->isOrderedValid ? (pTo->isOrdered ? 'Y' : 'N') : '?');
            }
#endif
            testcase( pTo->rCost==rCost );
            continue;
          }
          testcase( pTo->rCost==rCost+1 );
          /* A new and better score for a previously created equivalent path */
#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED
          if( sqlite3WhereTrace&0x4 ){
            sqlite3DebugPrintf(
                "Update %s cost=%-3d,%3d order=%c",
                wherePathName(pFrom, iLoop, pWLoop), rCost, nOut,
                isOrderedValid ? (isOrdered ? 'Y' : 'N') : '?');
            sqlite3DebugPrintf("  was %s cost=%-3d,%3d order=%c\n",
                wherePathName(pTo, iLoop+1, 0), pTo->rCost, pTo->nRow,
                pTo->isOrderedValid ? (pTo->isOrdered ? 'Y' : 'N') : '?');
          }
#endif
        }
        /* pWLoop is a winner.  Add it to the set of best so far */
        pTo->maskLoop = pFrom->maskLoop | pWLoop->maskSelf;
        pTo->revLoop = revMask;
        pTo->nRow = nOut;
        pTo->rCost = rCost;
        pTo->isOrderedValid = isOrderedValid;
        pTo->isOrdered = isOrdered;
        memcpy(pTo->aLoop, pFrom->aLoop, sizeof(WhereLoop*)*iLoop);
        pTo->aLoop[iLoop] = pWLoop;
        if( nTo>=mxChoice ){
          mxI = 0;
          mxCost = aTo[0].rCost;
          mxOut = aTo[0].nRow;
          for(jj=1, pTo=&aTo[1]; jj<mxChoice; jj++, pTo++){
            if( pTo->rCost>mxCost || (pTo->rCost==mxCost && pTo->nRow>mxOut) ){
              mxCost = pTo->rCost;
              mxOut = pTo->nRow;
              mxI = jj;
            }
          }
        }
      }
    }

#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED
    if( sqlite3WhereTrace>=2 ){
................................................................................
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "no query solution");
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pSpace);
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  
  /* Find the lowest cost path.  pFrom will be left pointing to that path */
  pFrom = aFrom;


  for(ii=1; ii<nFrom; ii++){
    if( pFrom->rCost>aFrom[ii].rCost ) pFrom = &aFrom[ii];
  }

  assert( pWInfo->nLevel==nLoop );
  /* Load the lowest cost path into pWInfo */
  for(iLoop=0; iLoop<nLoop; iLoop++){
    WhereLevel *pLevel = pWInfo->a + iLoop;
    pLevel->pWLoop = pWLoop = pFrom->aLoop[iLoop];
    pLevel->iFrom = pWLoop->iTab;
    pLevel->iTabCur = pWInfo->pTabList->a[pLevel->iFrom].iCursor;
................................................................................
  pTerm = findTerm(pWC, iCur, -1, 0, WO_EQ, 0);
  if( pTerm ){
    pLoop->wsFlags = WHERE_COLUMN_EQ|WHERE_IPK|WHERE_ONEROW;
    pLoop->aLTerm[0] = pTerm;
    pLoop->nLTerm = 1;
    pLoop->u.btree.nEq = 1;
    /* TUNING: Cost of a rowid lookup is 10 */
    pLoop->rRun = 33;  /* 33==sqlite3LogEst(10) */
  }else{
    for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
      assert( pLoop->aLTermSpace==pLoop->aLTerm );
      assert( ArraySize(pLoop->aLTermSpace)==4 );
      if( pIdx->onError==OE_None 
       || pIdx->pPartIdxWhere!=0 
       || pIdx->nColumn>ArraySize(pLoop->aLTermSpace) 
................................................................................
      if( (pItem->colUsed & ~columnsInIndex(pIdx))==0 ){
        pLoop->wsFlags |= WHERE_IDX_ONLY;
      }
      pLoop->nLTerm = j;
      pLoop->u.btree.nEq = j;
      pLoop->u.btree.pIndex = pIdx;
      /* TUNING: Cost of a unique index lookup is 15 */
      pLoop->rRun = 39;  /* 39==sqlite3LogEst(15) */
      break;
    }
  }
  if( pLoop->wsFlags ){
    pLoop->nOut = (LogEst)1;
    pWInfo->a[0].pWLoop = pLoop;
    pLoop->maskSelf = getMask(&pWInfo->sMaskSet, iCur);
    pWInfo->a[0].iTabCur = iCur;
    pWInfo->nRowOut = 1;
    if( pWInfo->pOrderBy ) pWInfo->bOBSat =  1;
    if( pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_WANT_DISTINCT ){
      pWInfo->eDistinct = WHERE_DISTINCT_UNIQUE;
................................................................................
    }
  }
  WHERETRACE(0xffff,("*** Optimizer Finished ***\n"));
  pWInfo->pParse->nQueryLoop += pWInfo->nRowOut;

  /* If the caller is an UPDATE or DELETE statement that is requesting
  ** to use a one-pass algorithm, determine if this is appropriate.
  ** The one-pass algorithm only works if the WHERE clause constrains
  ** the statement to update a single row.
  */
  assert( (wctrlFlags & WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED)==0 || pWInfo->nLevel==1 );
  if( (wctrlFlags & WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED)!=0 
   && (pWInfo->a[0].pWLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_ONEROW)!=0 ){
    pWInfo->okOnePass = 1;
    pWInfo->a[0].pWLoop->wsFlags &= ~WHERE_IDX_ONLY;
................................................................................
    }
    yygotominor.yy342.zStart = yymsp[-3].minor.yy0.z;
    yygotominor.yy342.zEnd = &yymsp[0].minor.yy0.z[yymsp[0].minor.yy0.n];
  }
        break;
      case 231: /* expr ::= CASE case_operand case_exprlist case_else END */
{
  yygotominor.yy342.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_CASE, yymsp[-3].minor.yy122, 0, 0);
  if( yygotominor.yy342.pExpr ){
    yygotominor.yy342.pExpr->x.pList = yymsp[-1].minor.yy122 ? sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,yymsp[-2].minor.yy442,yymsp[-1].minor.yy122) : yymsp[-2].minor.yy442;
    sqlite3ExprSetHeight(pParse, yygotominor.yy342.pExpr);
  }else{
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, yymsp[-2].minor.yy442);
    sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, yymsp[-1].minor.yy122);
  }
  yygotominor.yy342.zStart = yymsp[-4].minor.yy0.z;
  yygotominor.yy342.zEnd = &yymsp[0].minor.yy0.z[yymsp[0].minor.yy0.n];
}
        break;
      case 232: /* case_exprlist ::= case_exprlist WHEN expr THEN expr */
{
................................................................................
  ** methods of the virtual table are called at appropriate times.  These
  ** values do not contribute to FTS functionality; they are used for
  ** verifying the operation of the SQLite core.
  */
  int inTransaction;     /* True after xBegin but before xCommit/xRollback */
  int mxSavepoint;       /* Largest valid xSavepoint integer */
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
  /* True to disable the incremental doclist optimization. This is controled
  ** by special insert command 'test-no-incr-doclist'.  */
  int bNoIncrDoclist;
#endif
};

/*
** When the core wants to read from the virtual table, it creates a
** virtual table cursor (an instance of the following structure) using
** the xOpen method. Cursors are destroyed using the xClose method.
*/
................................................................................
  char *pNextId;                  /* Pointer into the body of aDoclist */
  char *aDoclist;                 /* List of docids for full-text queries */
  int nDoclist;                   /* Size of buffer at aDoclist */
  u8 bDesc;                       /* True to sort in descending order */
  int eEvalmode;                  /* An FTS3_EVAL_XX constant */
  int nRowAvg;                    /* Average size of database rows, in pages */
  sqlite3_int64 nDoc;             /* Documents in table */
  i64 iMinDocid;                  /* Minimum docid to return */
  i64 iMaxDocid;                  /* Maximum docid to return */
  int isMatchinfoNeeded;          /* True when aMatchinfo[] needs filling in */
  u32 *aMatchinfo;                /* Information about most recent match */
  int nMatchinfo;                 /* Number of elements in aMatchinfo[] */
  char *zMatchinfo;               /* Matchinfo specification */
};

#define FTS3_EVAL_FILTER    0
................................................................................
** indicating that all columns should be searched,
** then eSearch would be set to FTS3_FULLTEXT_SEARCH+4.
*/
#define FTS3_FULLSCAN_SEARCH 0    /* Linear scan of %_content table */
#define FTS3_DOCID_SEARCH    1    /* Lookup by rowid on %_content table */
#define FTS3_FULLTEXT_SEARCH 2    /* Full-text index search */

/*
** The lower 16-bits of the sqlite3_index_info.idxNum value set by
** the xBestIndex() method contains the Fts3Cursor.eSearch value described
** above. The upper 16-bits contain a combination of the following
** bits, used to describe extra constraints on full-text searches.
*/
#define FTS3_HAVE_LANGID    0x00010000      /* languageid=? */
#define FTS3_HAVE_DOCID_GE  0x00020000      /* docid>=? */
#define FTS3_HAVE_DOCID_LE  0x00040000      /* docid<=? */

struct Fts3Doclist {
  char *aAll;                    /* Array containing doclist (or NULL) */
  int nAll;                      /* Size of a[] in bytes */
  char *pNextDocid;              /* Pointer to next docid */

  sqlite3_int64 iDocid;          /* Current docid (if pList!=0) */
................................................................................
**   2. Full-text search using a MATCH operator on a non-docid column.
**   3. Linear scan of %_content table.
*/
static int fts3BestIndexMethod(sqlite3_vtab *pVTab, sqlite3_index_info *pInfo){
  Fts3Table *p = (Fts3Table *)pVTab;
  int i;                          /* Iterator variable */
  int iCons = -1;                 /* Index of constraint to use */

  int iLangidCons = -1;           /* Index of langid=x constraint, if present */
  int iDocidGe = -1;              /* Index of docid>=x constraint, if present */
  int iDocidLe = -1;              /* Index of docid<=x constraint, if present */
  int iIdx;

  /* By default use a full table scan. This is an expensive option,
  ** so search through the constraints to see if a more efficient 
  ** strategy is possible.
  */
  pInfo->idxNum = FTS3_FULLSCAN_SEARCH;
  pInfo->estimatedCost = 5000000;
  for(i=0; i<pInfo->nConstraint; i++){
    int bDocid;                 /* True if this constraint is on docid */
    struct sqlite3_index_constraint *pCons = &pInfo->aConstraint[i];
    if( pCons->usable==0 ) continue;

    bDocid = (pCons->iColumn<0 || pCons->iColumn==p->nColumn+1);

    /* A direct lookup on the rowid or docid column. Assign a cost of 1.0. */

    if( iCons<0 && pCons->op==SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_EQ && bDocid ){


      pInfo->idxNum = FTS3_DOCID_SEARCH;
      pInfo->estimatedCost = 1.0;
      iCons = i;
    }

    /* A MATCH constraint. Use a full-text search.
    **
................................................................................

    /* Equality constraint on the langid column */
    if( pCons->op==SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_EQ 
     && pCons->iColumn==p->nColumn + 2
    ){
      iLangidCons = i;
    }

    if( bDocid ){
      switch( pCons->op ){
        case SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_GE:
        case SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_GT:
          iDocidGe = i;
          break;

        case SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_LE:
        case SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_LT:
          iDocidLe = i;
          break;
      }
    }
  }

  iIdx = 1;
  if( iCons>=0 ){
    pInfo->aConstraintUsage[iCons].argvIndex = iIdx++;
    pInfo->aConstraintUsage[iCons].omit = 1;
  } 
  if( iLangidCons>=0 ){
    pInfo->idxNum |= FTS3_HAVE_LANGID;
    pInfo->aConstraintUsage[iLangidCons].argvIndex = iIdx++;
  } 
  if( iDocidGe>=0 ){
    pInfo->idxNum |= FTS3_HAVE_DOCID_GE;
    pInfo->aConstraintUsage[iDocidGe].argvIndex = iIdx++;
  } 
  if( iDocidLe>=0 ){
    pInfo->idxNum |= FTS3_HAVE_DOCID_LE;
    pInfo->aConstraintUsage[iDocidLe].argvIndex = iIdx++;
  } 

  /* Regardless of the strategy selected, FTS can deliver rows in rowid (or
  ** docid) order. Both ascending and descending are possible. 
  */
  if( pInfo->nOrderBy==1 ){
    struct sqlite3_index_orderby *pOrder = &pInfo->aOrderBy[0];
................................................................................
    }
  }else{
    rc = fts3EvalNext((Fts3Cursor *)pCursor);
  }
  assert( ((Fts3Table *)pCsr->base.pVtab)->pSegments==0 );
  return rc;
}

/*
** The following are copied from sqliteInt.h.
**
** Constants for the largest and smallest possible 64-bit signed integers.
** These macros are designed to work correctly on both 32-bit and 64-bit
** compilers.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_AMALGAMATION
# define LARGEST_INT64  (0xffffffff|(((sqlite3_int64)0x7fffffff)<<32))
# define SMALLEST_INT64 (((sqlite3_int64)-1) - LARGEST_INT64)
#endif

/*
** If the numeric type of argument pVal is "integer", then return it
** converted to a 64-bit signed integer. Otherwise, return a copy of
** the second parameter, iDefault.
*/
static sqlite3_int64 fts3DocidRange(sqlite3_value *pVal, i64 iDefault){
  if( pVal ){
    int eType = sqlite3_value_numeric_type(pVal);
    if( eType==SQLITE_INTEGER ){
      return sqlite3_value_int64(pVal);
    }
  }
  return iDefault;
}

/*
** This is the xFilter interface for the virtual table.  See
** the virtual table xFilter method documentation for additional
** information.
**
** If idxNum==FTS3_FULLSCAN_SEARCH then do a full table scan against
................................................................................
  int idxNum,                     /* Strategy index */
  const char *idxStr,             /* Unused */
  int nVal,                       /* Number of elements in apVal */
  sqlite3_value **apVal           /* Arguments for the indexing scheme */
){
  int rc;
  char *zSql;                     /* SQL statement used to access %_content */
  int eSearch;
  Fts3Table *p = (Fts3Table *)pCursor->pVtab;
  Fts3Cursor *pCsr = (Fts3Cursor *)pCursor;

  sqlite3_value *pCons = 0;       /* The MATCH or rowid constraint, if any */
  sqlite3_value *pLangid = 0;     /* The "langid = ?" constraint, if any */
  sqlite3_value *pDocidGe = 0;    /* The "docid >= ?" constraint, if any */
  sqlite3_value *pDocidLe = 0;    /* The "docid <= ?" constraint, if any */
  int iIdx;

  UNUSED_PARAMETER(idxStr);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(nVal);

  eSearch = (idxNum & 0x0000FFFF);
  assert( eSearch>=0 && eSearch<=(FTS3_FULLTEXT_SEARCH+p->nColumn) );


  assert( p->pSegments==0 );

  /* Collect arguments into local variables */
  iIdx = 0;
  if( eSearch!=FTS3_FULLSCAN_SEARCH ) pCons = apVal[iIdx++];
  if( idxNum & FTS3_HAVE_LANGID ) pLangid = apVal[iIdx++];
  if( idxNum & FTS3_HAVE_DOCID_GE ) pDocidGe = apVal[iIdx++];
  if( idxNum & FTS3_HAVE_DOCID_LE ) pDocidLe = apVal[iIdx++];
  assert( iIdx==nVal );

  /* In case the cursor has been used before, clear it now. */
  sqlite3_finalize(pCsr->pStmt);
  sqlite3_free(pCsr->aDoclist);
  sqlite3Fts3ExprFree(pCsr->pExpr);
  memset(&pCursor[1], 0, sizeof(Fts3Cursor)-sizeof(sqlite3_vtab_cursor));

  /* Set the lower and upper bounds on docids to return */
  pCsr->iMinDocid = fts3DocidRange(pDocidGe, SMALLEST_INT64);
  pCsr->iMaxDocid = fts3DocidRange(pDocidLe, LARGEST_INT64);

  if( idxStr ){
    pCsr->bDesc = (idxStr[0]=='D');
  }else{
    pCsr->bDesc = p->bDescIdx;
  }
  pCsr->eSearch = (i16)eSearch;

  if( eSearch!=FTS3_DOCID_SEARCH && eSearch!=FTS3_FULLSCAN_SEARCH ){
    int iCol = eSearch-FTS3_FULLTEXT_SEARCH;
    const char *zQuery = (const char *)sqlite3_value_text(pCons);

    if( zQuery==0 && sqlite3_value_type(pCons)!=SQLITE_NULL ){
      return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }

    pCsr->iLangid = 0;
    if( pLangid ) pCsr->iLangid = sqlite3_value_int(pLangid);

    assert( p->base.zErrMsg==0 );
    rc = sqlite3Fts3ExprParse(p->pTokenizer, pCsr->iLangid,
        p->azColumn, p->bFts4, p->nColumn, iCol, zQuery, -1, &pCsr->pExpr, 
        &p->base.zErrMsg
    );
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
................................................................................
  }

  /* Compile a SELECT statement for this cursor. For a full-table-scan, the
  ** statement loops through all rows of the %_content table. For a
  ** full-text query or docid lookup, the statement retrieves a single
  ** row by docid.
  */
  if( eSearch==FTS3_FULLSCAN_SEARCH ){
    zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(
        "SELECT %s ORDER BY rowid %s",
        p->zReadExprlist, (pCsr->bDesc ? "DESC" : "ASC")
    );
    if( zSql ){
      rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, zSql, -1, &pCsr->pStmt, 0);
      sqlite3_free(zSql);
    }else{
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
  }else if( eSearch==FTS3_DOCID_SEARCH ){
    rc = fts3CursorSeekStmt(pCsr, &pCsr->pStmt);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = sqlite3_bind_value(pCsr->pStmt, 1, pCons);
    }
  }
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  return fts3NextMethod(pCursor);
}

................................................................................
      sqlite3_free(aPoslist);
    }
  }

  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Maximum number of tokens a phrase may have to be considered for the
** incremental doclists strategy.
*/
#define MAX_INCR_PHRASE_TOKENS 4

/*
** This function is called for each Fts3Phrase in a full-text query 
** expression to initialize the mechanism for returning rows. Once this
** function has been called successfully on an Fts3Phrase, it may be
** used with fts3EvalPhraseNext() to iterate through the matching docids.
**
** If parameter bOptOk is true, then the phrase may (or may not) use the
** incremental loading strategy. Otherwise, the entire doclist is loaded into
** memory within this call.
**
** SQLITE_OK is returned if no error occurs, otherwise an SQLite error code.
*/
static int fts3EvalPhraseStart(Fts3Cursor *pCsr, int bOptOk, Fts3Phrase *p){


  Fts3Table *pTab = (Fts3Table *)pCsr->base.pVtab;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Error code */
  int i;

  /* Determine if doclists may be loaded from disk incrementally. This is
  ** possible if the bOptOk argument is true, the FTS doclists will be
  ** scanned in forward order, and the phrase consists of 
  ** MAX_INCR_PHRASE_TOKENS or fewer tokens, none of which are are "^first"
  ** tokens or prefix tokens that cannot use a prefix-index.  */
  int bHaveIncr = 0;
  int bIncrOk = (bOptOk 
   && pCsr->bDesc==pTab->bDescIdx 

   && p->nToken<=MAX_INCR_PHRASE_TOKENS && p->nToken>0



   && p->nToken<=MAX_INCR_PHRASE_TOKENS && p->nToken>0
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
   && pTab->bNoIncrDoclist==0
#endif
  );
  for(i=0; bIncrOk==1 && i<p->nToken; i++){
    Fts3PhraseToken *pToken = &p->aToken[i];
    if( pToken->bFirst || (pToken->pSegcsr!=0 && !pToken->pSegcsr->bLookup) ){
      bIncrOk = 0;
    }
    if( pToken->pSegcsr ) bHaveIncr = 1;
  }

  if( bIncrOk && bHaveIncr ){
    /* Use the incremental approach. */
    int iCol = (p->iColumn >= pTab->nColumn ? -1 : p->iColumn);
    for(i=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<p->nToken; i++){
      Fts3PhraseToken *pToken = &p->aToken[i];
      Fts3MultiSegReader *pSegcsr = pToken->pSegcsr;
      if( pSegcsr ){
        rc = sqlite3Fts3MsrIncrStart(pTab, pSegcsr, iCol, pToken->z, pToken->n);


      }
    }
    p->bIncr = 1;
  }else{
    /* Load the full doclist for the phrase into memory. */
    rc = fts3EvalPhraseLoad(pCsr, p);
    p->bIncr = 0;
  }

  assert( rc!=SQLITE_OK || p->nToken<1 || p->aToken[0].pSegcsr==0 || p->bIncr );
................................................................................
      p += sqlite3Fts3GetVarint(p, &iVar);
      *piDocid += ((bDescIdx ? -1 : 1) * iVar);
    }
  }

  *ppIter = p;
}

/*
** Advance the iterator pDL to the next entry in pDL->aAll/nAll. Set *pbEof
** to true if EOF is reached.
*/
static void fts3EvalDlPhraseNext(
  Fts3Table *pTab,
  Fts3Doclist *pDL,
  u8 *pbEof
){
  char *pIter;                            /* Used to iterate through aAll */
  char *pEnd = &pDL->aAll[pDL->nAll];     /* 1 byte past end of aAll */
 
  if( pDL->pNextDocid ){
    pIter = pDL->pNextDocid;
  }else{
    pIter = pDL->aAll;
  }

  if( pIter>=pEnd ){
    /* We have already reached the end of this doclist. EOF. */
    *pbEof = 1;
  }else{
    sqlite3_int64 iDelta;
    pIter += sqlite3Fts3GetVarint(pIter, &iDelta);
    if( pTab->bDescIdx==0 || pDL->pNextDocid==0 ){
      pDL->iDocid += iDelta;
    }else{
      pDL->iDocid -= iDelta;
    }
    pDL->pList = pIter;
    fts3PoslistCopy(0, &pIter);
    pDL->nList = (int)(pIter - pDL->pList);

    /* pIter now points just past the 0x00 that terminates the position-
    ** list for document pDL->iDocid. However, if this position-list was
    ** edited in place by fts3EvalNearTrim(), then pIter may not actually
    ** point to the start of the next docid value. The following line deals
    ** with this case by advancing pIter past the zero-padding added by
    ** fts3EvalNearTrim().  */
    while( pIter<pEnd && *pIter==0 ) pIter++;

    pDL->pNextDocid = pIter;
    assert( pIter>=&pDL->aAll[pDL->nAll] || *pIter );
    *pbEof = 0;
  }
}

/*
** Helper type used by fts3EvalIncrPhraseNext() and incrPhraseTokenNext().
*/
typedef struct TokenDoclist TokenDoclist;
struct TokenDoclist {
  int bIgnore;
  sqlite3_int64 iDocid;
  char *pList;
  int nList;
};

/*
** Token pToken is an incrementally loaded token that is part of a 
** multi-token phrase. Advance it to the next matching document in the
** database and populate output variable *p with the details of the new
** entry. Or, if the iterator has reached EOF, set *pbEof to true.
**
** If an error occurs, return an SQLite error code. Otherwise, return 
** SQLITE_OK.
*/
static int incrPhraseTokenNext(
  Fts3Table *pTab,                /* Virtual table handle */
  Fts3Phrase *pPhrase,            /* Phrase to advance token of */
  int iToken,                     /* Specific token to advance */
  TokenDoclist *p,                /* OUT: Docid and doclist for new entry */
  u8 *pbEof                       /* OUT: True if iterator is at EOF */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  if( pPhrase->iDoclistToken==iToken ){
    assert( p->bIgnore==0 );
    assert( pPhrase->aToken[iToken].pSegcsr==0 );
    fts3EvalDlPhraseNext(pTab, &pPhrase->doclist, pbEof);
    p->pList = pPhrase->doclist.pList;
    p->nList = pPhrase->doclist.nList;
    p->iDocid = pPhrase->doclist.iDocid;
  }else{
    Fts3PhraseToken *pToken = &pPhrase->aToken[iToken];
    assert( pToken->pDeferred==0 );
    assert( pToken->pSegcsr || pPhrase->iDoclistToken>=0 );
    if( pToken->pSegcsr ){
      assert( p->bIgnore==0 );
      rc = sqlite3Fts3MsrIncrNext(
          pTab, pToken->pSegcsr, &p->iDocid, &p->pList, &p->nList
      );
      if( p->pList==0 ) *pbEof = 1;
    }else{
      p->bIgnore = 1;
    }
  }

  return rc;
}


/*
** The phrase iterator passed as the second argument:
**
**   * features at least one token that uses an incremental doclist, and 
**
**   * does not contain any deferred tokens.
**
** Advance it to the next matching documnent in the database and populate
** the Fts3Doclist.pList and nList fields. 
**
** If there is no "next" entry and no error occurs, then *pbEof is set to
** 1 before returning. Otherwise, if no error occurs and the iterator is
** successfully advanced, *pbEof is set to 0.
**
** If an error occurs, return an SQLite error code. Otherwise, return 
** SQLITE_OK.
*/
static int fts3EvalIncrPhraseNext(
  Fts3Cursor *pCsr,               /* FTS Cursor handle */
  Fts3Phrase *p,                  /* Phrase object to advance to next docid */
  u8 *pbEof                       /* OUT: Set to 1 if EOF */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  Fts3Doclist *pDL = &p->doclist;
  Fts3Table *pTab = (Fts3Table *)pCsr->base.pVtab;
  u8 bEof = 0;

  /* This is only called if it is guaranteed that the phrase has at least
  ** one incremental token. In which case the bIncr flag is set. */
  assert( p->bIncr==1 );

  if( p->nToken==1 && p->bIncr ){
    rc = sqlite3Fts3MsrIncrNext(pTab, p->aToken[0].pSegcsr, 
        &pDL->iDocid, &pDL->pList, &pDL->nList
    );
    if( pDL->pList==0 ) bEof = 1;
  }else{
    int bDescDoclist = pCsr->bDesc;
    struct TokenDoclist a[MAX_INCR_PHRASE_TOKENS];

    memset(a, 0, sizeof(a));
    assert( p->nToken<=MAX_INCR_PHRASE_TOKENS );
    assert( p->iDoclistToken<MAX_INCR_PHRASE_TOKENS );

    while( bEof==0 ){
      int bMaxSet = 0;
      sqlite3_int64 iMax = 0;     /* Largest docid for all iterators */
      int i;                      /* Used to iterate through tokens */

      /* Advance the iterator for each token in the phrase once. */
      for(i=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<p->nToken; i++){
        rc = incrPhraseTokenNext(pTab, p, i, &a[i], &bEof);
        if( a[i].bIgnore==0 && (bMaxSet==0 || DOCID_CMP(iMax, a[i].iDocid)<0) ){
          iMax = a[i].iDocid;
          bMaxSet = 1;
        }
      }
      assert( rc!=SQLITE_OK || a[p->nToken-1].bIgnore==0 );
      assert( rc!=SQLITE_OK || bMaxSet );

      /* Keep advancing iterators until they all point to the same document */
      for(i=0; i<p->nToken; i++){
        while( rc==SQLITE_OK && bEof==0 
            && a[i].bIgnore==0 && DOCID_CMP(a[i].iDocid, iMax)<0 
        ){
          rc = incrPhraseTokenNext(pTab, p, i, &a[i], &bEof);
          if( DOCID_CMP(a[i].iDocid, iMax)>0 ){
            iMax = a[i].iDocid;
            i = 0;
          }
        }
      }

      /* Check if the current entries really are a phrase match */
      if( bEof==0 ){
        int nList = 0;
        int nByte = a[p->nToken-1].nList;
        char *aDoclist = sqlite3_malloc(nByte+1);
        if( !aDoclist ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
        memcpy(aDoclist, a[p->nToken-1].pList, nByte+1);

        for(i=0; i<(p->nToken-1); i++){
          if( a[i].bIgnore==0 ){
            char *pL = a[i].pList;
            char *pR = aDoclist;
            char *pOut = aDoclist;
            int nDist = p->nToken-1-i;
            int res = fts3PoslistPhraseMerge(&pOut, nDist, 0, 1, &pL, &pR);
            if( res==0 ) break;
            nList = (int)(pOut - aDoclist);
          }
        }
        if( i==(p->nToken-1) ){
          pDL->iDocid = iMax;
          pDL->pList = aDoclist;
          pDL->nList = nList;
          pDL->bFreeList = 1;
          break;
        }
        sqlite3_free(aDoclist);
      }
    }
  }

  *pbEof = bEof;
  return rc;
}

/*
** Attempt to move the phrase iterator to point to the next matching docid. 
** If an error occurs, return an SQLite error code. Otherwise, return 
** SQLITE_OK.
**
** If there is no "next" entry and no error occurs, then *pbEof is set to
................................................................................
  u8 *pbEof                       /* OUT: Set to 1 if EOF */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  Fts3Doclist *pDL = &p->doclist;
  Fts3Table *pTab = (Fts3Table *)pCsr->base.pVtab;

  if( p->bIncr ){
    rc = fts3EvalIncrPhraseNext(pCsr, p, pbEof);







  }else if( pCsr->bDesc!=pTab->bDescIdx && pDL->nAll ){
    sqlite3Fts3DoclistPrev(pTab->bDescIdx, pDL->aAll, pDL->nAll, 
        &pDL->pNextDocid, &pDL->iDocid, &pDL->nList, pbEof
    );
    pDL->pList = pDL->pNextDocid;
  }else{
    fts3EvalDlPhraseNext(pTab, pDL, pbEof);


































  }

  return rc;
}

/*
**
................................................................................
**
** If an error occurs within this function, *pRc is set to an SQLite error
** code before returning.
*/
static void fts3EvalStartReaders(
  Fts3Cursor *pCsr,               /* FTS Cursor handle */
  Fts3Expr *pExpr,                /* Expression to initialize phrases in */

  int *pRc                        /* IN/OUT: Error code */
){
  if( pExpr && SQLITE_OK==*pRc ){
    if( pExpr->eType==FTSQUERY_PHRASE ){
      int i;
      int nToken = pExpr->pPhrase->nToken;
      for(i=0; i<nToken; i++){
        if( pExpr->pPhrase->aToken[i].pDeferred==0 ) break;
      }
      pExpr->bDeferred = (i==nToken);
      *pRc = fts3EvalPhraseStart(pCsr, 1, pExpr->pPhrase);
    }else{
      fts3EvalStartReaders(pCsr, pExpr->pLeft, pRc);
      fts3EvalStartReaders(pCsr, pExpr->pRight, pRc);
      pExpr->bDeferred = (pExpr->pLeft->bDeferred && pExpr->pRight->bDeferred);
    }
  }
}

/*
** An array of the following structures is assembled as part of the process
................................................................................
      pToken->pSegcsr = 0;
    }else{
      /* Set nLoad4 to the value of (4^nOther) for the next iteration of the
      ** for-loop. Except, limit the value to 2^24 to prevent it from 
      ** overflowing the 32-bit integer it is stored in. */
      if( ii<12 ) nLoad4 = nLoad4*4;

      if( ii==0 || (pTC->pPhrase->nToken>1 && ii!=nToken-1) ){
        /* Either this is the cheapest token in the entire query, or it is
        ** part of a multi-token phrase. Either way, the entire doclist will
        ** (eventually) be loaded into memory. It may as well be now. */
        Fts3PhraseToken *pToken = pTC->pToken;
        int nList = 0;
        char *pList = 0;
        rc = fts3TermSelect(pTab, pToken, pTC->iCol, &nList, &pList);
................................................................................
      }

      sqlite3_free(aTC);
    }
  }
#endif

  fts3EvalStartReaders(pCsr, pCsr->pExpr, &rc);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Invalidate the current position list for phrase pPhrase.
*/
static void fts3EvalInvalidatePoslist(Fts3Phrase *pPhrase){
................................................................................
      fts3EvalNextRow(pCsr, pExpr, &rc);
      pCsr->isEof = pExpr->bEof;
      pCsr->isRequireSeek = 1;
      pCsr->isMatchinfoNeeded = 1;
      pCsr->iPrevId = pExpr->iDocid;
    }while( pCsr->isEof==0 && fts3EvalTestDeferredAndNear(pCsr, &rc) );
  }

  /* Check if the cursor is past the end of the docid range specified
  ** by Fts3Cursor.iMinDocid/iMaxDocid. If so, set the EOF flag.  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && (
        (pCsr->bDesc==0 && pCsr->iPrevId>pCsr->iMaxDocid)
     || (pCsr->bDesc!=0 && pCsr->iPrevId<pCsr->iMinDocid)
  )){
    pCsr->isEof = 1;
  }

  return rc;
}

/*
** Restart interation for expression pExpr so that the next call to
** fts3EvalNext() visits the first row. Do not allow incremental 
** loading or merging of phrase doclists for this iteration.
................................................................................
){
  if( pExpr && *pRc==SQLITE_OK ){
    Fts3Phrase *pPhrase = pExpr->pPhrase;

    if( pPhrase ){
      fts3EvalInvalidatePoslist(pPhrase);
      if( pPhrase->bIncr ){
        int i;
        for(i=0; i<pPhrase->nToken; i++){
          Fts3PhraseToken *pToken = &pPhrase->aToken[i];
          assert( pToken->pDeferred==0 );
          if( pToken->pSegcsr ){
            sqlite3Fts3MsrIncrRestart(pToken->pSegcsr);

          }
        }
        *pRc = fts3EvalPhraseStart(pCsr, 0, pPhrase);
      }
      pPhrase->doclist.pNextDocid = 0;
      pPhrase->doclist.iDocid = 0;
    }

    pExpr->iDocid = 0;
    pExpr->bEof = 0;
    pExpr->bStart = 0;
................................................................................
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  iDocid = pExpr->iDocid;
  pIter = pPhrase->doclist.pList;
  if( iDocid!=pCsr->iPrevId || pExpr->bEof ){
    int bDescDoclist = pTab->bDescIdx;      /* For DOCID_CMP macro */
    int iMul;                     /* +1 if csr dir matches index dir, else -1 */
    int bOr = 0;
    u8 bEof = 0;

    u8 bTreeEof = 0;
    Fts3Expr *p;                  /* Used to iterate from pExpr to root */
    Fts3Expr *pNear;              /* Most senior NEAR ancestor (or pExpr) */

    /* Check if this phrase descends from an OR expression node. If not, 
    ** return NULL. Otherwise, the entry that corresponds to docid 
    ** pCsr->iPrevId may lie earlier in the doclist buffer. Or, if the
    ** tree that the node is part of has been marked as EOF, but the node
    ** itself is not EOF, then it may point to an earlier entry. */
    pNear = pExpr;
    for(p=pExpr->pParent; p; p=p->pParent){
      if( p->eType==FTSQUERY_OR ) bOr = 1;
      if( p->eType==FTSQUERY_NEAR ) pNear = p;
      if( p->bEof ) bTreeEof = 1;
    }
    if( bOr==0 ) return SQLITE_OK;

    /* This is the descendent of an OR node. In this case we cannot use
    ** an incremental phrase. Load the entire doclist for the phrase
    ** into memory in this case.  */
    if( pPhrase->bIncr ){
................................................................................
        fts3EvalNextRow(pCsr, pExpr, &rc);
        if( bEofSave==0 && pExpr->iDocid==iDocid ) break;
      }
      pIter = pPhrase->doclist.pList;
      assert( rc!=SQLITE_OK || pPhrase->bIncr==0 );
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
    }
    
    iMul = ((pCsr->bDesc==bDescDoclist) ? 1 : -1);
    while( bTreeEof==1 
        && pNear->bEof==0

        && (DOCID_CMP(pNear->iDocid, pCsr->iPrevId) * iMul)<0
    ){
      int rc = SQLITE_OK;
      fts3EvalNextRow(pCsr, pExpr, &rc);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
      iDocid = pExpr->iDocid;
      pIter = pPhrase->doclist.pList;
    }

    bEof = (pPhrase->doclist.nAll==0);
    assert( bDescDoclist==0 || bDescDoclist==1 );
    assert( pCsr->bDesc==0 || pCsr->bDesc==1 );

    if( bEof==0 ){
      if( pCsr->bDesc==bDescDoclist ){
        int dummy;
        if( pNear->bEof ){
          /* This expression is already at EOF. So position it to point to the
          ** last entry in the doclist at pPhrase->doclist.aAll[]. Variable
          ** iDocid is already set for this entry, so all that is required is
          ** to set pIter to point to the first byte of the last position-list
          ** in the doclist. 
          **
          ** It would also be correct to set pIter and iDocid to zero. In
          ** this case, the first call to sqltie3Fts4DoclistPrev() below
          ** would also move the iterator to point to the last entry in the 
          ** doclist. However, this is expensive, as to do so it has to 
          ** iterate through the entire doclist from start to finish (since
          ** it does not know the docid for the last entry).  */
          pIter = &pPhrase->doclist.aAll[pPhrase->doclist.nAll-1];
          fts3ReversePoslist(pPhrase->doclist.aAll, &pIter);
        }
        while( (pIter==0 || DOCID_CMP(iDocid, pCsr->iPrevId)>0 ) && bEof==0 ){
          sqlite3Fts3DoclistPrev(
              bDescDoclist, pPhrase->doclist.aAll, pPhrase->doclist.nAll, 
              &pIter, &iDocid, &dummy, &bEof
          );
        }
      }else{
        if( pNear->bEof ){
          pIter = 0;
          iDocid = 0;
        }
        while( (pIter==0 || DOCID_CMP(iDocid, pCsr->iPrevId)<0 ) && bEof==0 ){
          sqlite3Fts3DoclistNext(
              bDescDoclist, pPhrase->doclist.aAll, pPhrase->doclist.nAll, 
              &pIter, &iDocid, &bEof
          );
        }
      }
    }

    if( bEof || iDocid!=pCsr->iPrevId ) pIter = 0;
  }
  if( pIter==0 ) return SQLITE_OK;

................................................................................
  p->bAutoincrmerge = fts3Getint(&zParam)!=0;
  if( !p->bHasStat ){
    assert( p->bFts4==0 );
    sqlite3Fts3CreateStatTable(&rc, p);
    if( rc ) return rc;
  }
  rc = fts3SqlStmt(p, SQL_REPLACE_STAT, &pStmt, 0);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  sqlite3_bind_int(pStmt, 1, FTS_STAT_AUTOINCRMERGE);
  sqlite3_bind_int(pStmt, 2, p->bAutoincrmerge);
  sqlite3_step(pStmt);
  rc = sqlite3_reset(pStmt);
  return rc;
}

................................................................................
    rc = fts3DoAutoincrmerge(p, &zVal[10]);
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
  }else if( nVal>9 && 0==sqlite3_strnicmp(zVal, "nodesize=", 9) ){
    p->nNodeSize = atoi(&zVal[9]);
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }else if( nVal>11 && 0==sqlite3_strnicmp(zVal, "maxpending=", 9) ){
    p->nMaxPendingData = atoi(&zVal[11]);
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }else if( nVal>21 && 0==sqlite3_strnicmp(zVal, "test-no-incr-doclist=", 21) ){
    p->bNoIncrDoclist = atoi(&zVal[21]);
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
#endif
  }else{
    rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
  }

  return rc;

Changes to SQLite.Interop/src/core/sqlite3.h.

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**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.8.1"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3008001
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2013-09-12 02:09:05 75a8a8c1b39725d36db627536d0c69401f8e0815"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
** log message after formatting via [sqlite3_snprintf()].
** The SQLite logging interface is not reentrant; the logger function
** supplied by the application must not invoke any SQLite interface.
** In a multi-threaded application, the application-defined logger
** function must be threadsafe. </dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_URI]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_URI
** <dd> This option takes a single argument of type int. If non-zero, then
** URI handling is globally enabled. If the parameter is zero, then URI handling
** is globally disabled. If URI handling is globally enabled, all filenames
** passed to [sqlite3_open()], [sqlite3_open_v2()], [sqlite3_open16()] or
** specified as part of [ATTACH] commands are interpreted as URIs, regardless
** of whether or not the [SQLITE_OPEN_URI] flag is set when the database
** connection is opened. If it is globally disabled, filenames are
** only interpreted as URIs if the SQLITE_OPEN_URI flag is set when the
** database connection is opened. By default, URI handling is globally
** disabled. The default value may be changed by compiling with the
** [SQLITE_USE_URI] symbol defined.
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN
** <dd> This option takes a single integer argument which is interpreted as
** a boolean in order to enable or disable the use of covering indices for
** full table scans in the query optimizer.  The default setting is determined
** by the [SQLITE_ALLOW_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN] compile-time option, or is "on"
** if that compile-time option is omitted.
** The ability to disable the use of covering indices for full table scans
** is because some incorrectly coded legacy applications might malfunction
** malfunction when the optimization is enabled.  Providing the ability to
** disable the optimization allows the older, buggy application code to work
** without change even with newer versions of SQLite.
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE]] [[SQLITE_CONFIG_GETPCACHE]]
** <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE and SQLITE_CONFIG_GETPCACHE
** <dd> These options are obsolete and should not be used by new code.
** They are retained for backwards compatibility but are now no-ops.
................................................................................
** the connection being passed as the second parameter is being closed. The
** third parameter is passed NULL In this case.  An example of using this
** configuration option can be seen in the "test_sqllog.c" source file in
** the canonical SQLite source tree.</dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_MMAP_SIZE]]
** <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_MMAP_SIZE
** <dd>SQLITE_CONFIG_MMAP_SIZE takes two 64-bit integer (sqlite3_int64) values
** that are the default mmap size limit (the default setting for
** [PRAGMA mmap_size]) and the maximum allowed mmap size limit.
** The default setting can be overridden by each database connection using
** either the [PRAGMA mmap_size] command, or by using the
** [SQLITE_FCNTL_MMAP_SIZE] file control.  The maximum allowed mmap size
** cannot be changed at run-time.  Nor may the maximum allowed mmap size
** exceed the compile-time maximum mmap size set by the
** [SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE] compile-time option.  
** If either argument to this option is negative, then that argument is
** changed to its compile-time default.
** </dl>
*/
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_SINGLETHREAD  1  /* nil */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_MULTITHREAD   2  /* nil */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_SERIALIZED    3  /* nil */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC        4  /* sqlite3_mem_methods* */







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107
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**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.8.1"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3008001
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2013-10-12 20:22:00 f0cf8c85dcbcc7778aed2816792c368d777f79cb"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
** log message after formatting via [sqlite3_snprintf()].
** The SQLite logging interface is not reentrant; the logger function
** supplied by the application must not invoke any SQLite interface.
** In a multi-threaded application, the application-defined logger
** function must be threadsafe. </dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_URI]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_URI
** <dd>^(This option takes a single argument of type int. If non-zero, then
** URI handling is globally enabled. If the parameter is zero, then URI handling
** is globally disabled.)^ ^If URI handling is globally enabled, all filenames
** passed to [sqlite3_open()], [sqlite3_open_v2()], [sqlite3_open16()] or
** specified as part of [ATTACH] commands are interpreted as URIs, regardless
** of whether or not the [SQLITE_OPEN_URI] flag is set when the database
** connection is opened. ^If it is globally disabled, filenames are
** only interpreted as URIs if the SQLITE_OPEN_URI flag is set when the
** database connection is opened. ^(By default, URI handling is globally
** disabled. The default value may be changed by compiling with the
** [SQLITE_USE_URI] symbol defined.)^
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN
** <dd>^This option takes a single integer argument which is interpreted as
** a boolean in order to enable or disable the use of covering indices for
** full table scans in the query optimizer.  ^The default setting is determined
** by the [SQLITE_ALLOW_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN] compile-time option, or is "on"
** if that compile-time option is omitted.
** The ability to disable the use of covering indices for full table scans
** is because some incorrectly coded legacy applications might malfunction
** when the optimization is enabled.  Providing the ability to
** disable the optimization allows the older, buggy application code to work
** without change even with newer versions of SQLite.
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE]] [[SQLITE_CONFIG_GETPCACHE]]
** <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE and SQLITE_CONFIG_GETPCACHE
** <dd> These options are obsolete and should not be used by new code.
** They are retained for backwards compatibility but are now no-ops.
................................................................................
** the connection being passed as the second parameter is being closed. The
** third parameter is passed NULL In this case.  An example of using this
** configuration option can be seen in the "test_sqllog.c" source file in
** the canonical SQLite source tree.</dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_MMAP_SIZE]]
** <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_MMAP_SIZE
** <dd>^SQLITE_CONFIG_MMAP_SIZE takes two 64-bit integer (sqlite3_int64) values
** that are the default mmap size limit (the default setting for
** [PRAGMA mmap_size]) and the maximum allowed mmap size limit.
** ^The default setting can be overridden by each database connection using
** either the [PRAGMA mmap_size] command, or by using the
** [SQLITE_FCNTL_MMAP_SIZE] file control.  ^(The maximum allowed mmap size
** cannot be changed at run-time.  Nor may the maximum allowed mmap size
** exceed the compile-time maximum mmap size set by the
** [SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE] compile-time option.)^
** ^If either argument to this option is negative, then that argument is
** changed to its compile-time default.
** </dl>
*/
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_SINGLETHREAD  1  /* nil */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_MULTITHREAD   2  /* nil */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_SERIALIZED    3  /* nil */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC        4  /* sqlite3_mem_methods* */